November 9, 2006

Front Page

Strong voter turnout, races and issues decided

James Robinson

Staff Writer

Of the county's 9,377 registered voters, nearly 4,700, or 50 percent of the electorate, turned out to cast ballots during this year's general election.

The Archuleta County results, released at 1 a.m. Nov. 8, showed wins on County Ballot Issues 1A, 4A and 5B, thus guaranteeing TABOR exemptions for Archuleta County, the San Juan Water Conservancy District, and the Upper San Juan Health Service District.

Local ballot questions that failed included Ballot Question 3A, extending term limits for school board members, and Question 5A, asking voters to support the library with a mill levy increase.

In local government, Republican county commissioner candidate Bob Moomaw beat Democrat John Egan 2,541 votes to 2,055.

In state races, Archuleta County voters sent Republican Ellen Roberts to the District 59 House seat in Denver, while incumbent Democrat Jim Isgar will return to his seat as the District 6 state senator. At the local level, Roberts defeated Democrat Joe Colgan, and Isgar defeated Republican Ron Tate.

District wide, Roberts took the seat with an approximate 1,200 vote margin, while Isgar retained his seat by over 10,000 votes.

Local electors also voted to retain county court judge James Denvir.

Archuleta County Clerk and Recorder June Madrid said the voting process went smoothly at the three vote centers, voters remained largely in good spirits, and that wait times averaged between 10 and 30 minutes.

The difficulties, she said, came in processing the ballots.

Madrid said new security measures, electronic voting machines and a lengthy ballot posed new and unprecedented challenges for election officials.

"Voting judges struggled with seals on voting machines," Madrid said. But she added that no seals were compromised.

Madrid said in light of the new voting technology and mandated security measures, some of the election judges suggested a debriefing luncheon to identify trouble spots and to explore methods to smooth out the process.

According to Madrid, absentee ballots also played their own role in election day headaches.

She said 150 absentee ballots had to be duplicated by hand with an 11-person duplicating board because the voting machines had rejected the ballots.

Madrid said some voters had pressed too hard when completing the ballots making heavy indentations in the paper and others had made errant marks, which, in either case can cause the machine to reject the ballot.

Madrid explained when an absentee ballot is rejected, a member of the duplicating board must hand copy the information from the absentee ballot onto a new ballot.

She said the process is time consuming and is overseen by observers.

Although Madrid said, "It's uncommon for so many absentee ballots to be kicked out."

The results of Tuesday's election remain unofficial until all provisional ballots are counted.

State, Regional and Local Results

County Offices

County Commissioner District 3

Robert C. Moomaw (R) 2,541

John T. Egan (D) 2,055

County Clerk and Recorder

June Madrid (R) 3,797

County Treasurer

Lois E. Baker (R) 3,593

County Assessor

Keren L. Prior (R) 3,030

Natalie Woodruff (R-Write In) 787

County Sheriff

Peter L. Gonzalez (R) 3,579

County Surveyor

David L. Maley (R) 3,470

County Coroner

Carl R. Macht (R) 3,566

Court of Appeals

Retain Judge Russell E. Carparelli?

Yes: 2,519 No: 939

Retain Judge Janice B. Davidson?

Yes: 2,479 No: 955

Retain Judge Alan M. Loeb?

Yes: 2,394 No: 1,011

Retain Judge Jose D.L. Marquez?

Yes: 2,335 No: 1,099

Retain Judge Robert M. Russel?

Yes: 2,511 No: 897

County Judge

Retain Judge James E. Denvir?

Yes: 3,156 No: 1,060

County and local Ballot Issues

Ballot Issue 1A

Yes: 2,560 No: 1,885

Ballot Issue 1B

Yes: 1 No: 7

Ballot Issue 1C

Yes: 1 No: 7

Archuleta County School District 50 JT Ballot Issue 3A

Yes: 1,983 No: 2,110

Upper San Juan Health Service District Ballot Issue 4A

Yes: 2,757 No: 1,423

Upper San Juan Library District Ballot Issue 5A

Yes: 2,042 No: 2,469

San Juan Water Conservancy District Ballot Issue 5B

Yes: 2,121 No: 1,517

State Offices

Governor/Lieutenant Governor

Bill Ritter Jr./Barbara O'Brien (D) 2,254

Bob Beauprez/Janet Rowland (R) 2,206

Clyde J. Harkins/Tracy Davison (American Constitution) 9

Dawn Winkler-Kinateder/Richard Randall (Libertarian) 82

Paul Noel Fiorino/Heather Anne McKibbin (Unaffiliated) 26

Secretary of State

Mike Coffman (R) 2,525

Ken Gordon (D) 1,890

State Treasurer

John Suthers (R) 2,583

Mark Hillman (R) 2,464

Cary Kennedy (D) 1,819

Attorney General

Fern O'Brien (D) 1,585

Dwight K. Harding (Libertarian) 174

Regent of the University of Colorado At Large

Brian Davidson (R) 2,237

Stephen C. Ludwig (D) 1,427

Daniel "Jeffersonian" Ong (Libertarian) 148

Douglas "Dayhorse" Campbell (American Constitution) 202

Marcus C. McCarty (Unaffiliated) 53

Regent of the University of Colorado Congressional District 3

Tilman "Tillie" Bishop (R) 2,359

Susan A. Hakanson (D) 1,653

State Senate District 6

James Isgar (D) 2,488

Ron Tate (R) 2,040

State Representative District 59

Ellen Roberts (R) 2,684

Joe Colgan (D) 1,700

State amendments and referenda

State amendments

Amendment 38 - Yes: 1,429 No: 2,921

Amendment 39 - Yes: 1,764 No: 2,682

Amendment 40 - Yes: 2,083 No: 2,341

Amendment 41 - Yes: 3,057 No: 1,392

Amendment 42 - Yes: 2,747 No: 1,827

Amendment 43 - Yes: 2,802 No: 1,789

Amendment 44 - Yes: 1,941 No: 2,621


Referendum E - Yes: 3,658 No: 816

Referendum F - Yes: 1,938 No: 2,173

Referendum G - Yes: 3,116 No: 1,075

Referendum H - Yes: 2,200 No: 2,120

Referendum I - Yes: 1,910 No: 2,614

Referendum J - Yes: 1,899 No: 2,473

Referendum K - Yes: ,2609 No: 1,769

Federal Offices

Representative to the 110th United States Congress House District 3

John Salazar (D) 2,627

Scott Tipton (R) 1,921

Bert L. Sargent (Libertarian) 83


Pinewood Inn: 'No historic significance'

James Robinson

Staff Writer

A re-worked moratorium prohibiting demolitions of buildings 50 years old and older passed muster on first reading with a unanimous vote during Tuesday's regular meeting of the Pagosa Springs Town Council.

As approved, the re-tuned moratorium, Ordinance No. 683, will repeal and replace the town's previous demolition ordinance, No. 666, and expands provisions for exemptions from the moratorium with changes in two key areas.

First, the new ordinance allows property owners to obtain exemptions from the demolition moratorium if they can prove their building is structurally unsound. Secondly, the ordinance allows the town council to grant an exemption if the property owner can demonstrate that maintaining or keeping the building "as is" is an economic hardship.

A previous version of the re-worked moratorium presented for first reading during the October town council meeting failed to define "structurally unsound" or "economic hardship," and lacked a description of parameters, procedures or documentation required for a petitioner to support their case.

During the October session, the town council acknowledged the ordinance's shortcomings, but approved the moratorium then, contingent upon " economic hardship" and "structurally unsound," and procedures for demonstrating such, being more clearly defined. The version presented during Tuesday's meeting reflected the council's request.

Ordinance 666 allowed exemptions primarily when the town's historic preservation board found a structure void of historic significance.

As written in the new ordinance, the mechanisms for proving either economic hardship or structural integrity are broad, and the document lists numerous avenues for applicants to make their case.

William Darling, attorney for Charles Craig, owner of the Pinewood Inn, challenged the revised ordinance on three grounds. First, Darling argued the parameters for demonstrating hardship or structural integrity are too broad and subjective. Second, Darling said it would cost a property owner a significant amount of money to comply with the ordinance and make their case. Third, Darling said the language of the new moratorium granted an exemption to the property owner only, but should be granted to the property instead.

Darling and Craig have sought an exemption from the moratorium since August, stating, despite the town's historic preservation board's finding that two structures on the Pinewood Inn property are historically significant, the motel is no longer economically viable, is structurally unsound, and is most saleable as vacant land rather than a functioning business. Craig has said demolition is the key to the property's sale.

The preservation board's findings bound the Pinewood Inn to the constraints of the moratorium, however the board acts in an advisory capacity to the town council, with the council being the final arbiter in the decision.

"There's no clear way of predicting how someone will look at this. I think the criteria are problematic. If you adopt this and implement this, you'll find the criteria unworkable," Darling said.

Town Planner Tamra Allen challenged Darling's assertions. She said the criteria were crafted intentionally to provide applicants a broad range of options in making their case, and served as guidelines rather than mandates.

"It's up to the applicant to clearly demonstrate economic hardship by factual evidence. It does not require submittal of all information. The key is to make a clear and compelling case," Allen said.

In the end, and regarding the Pinewood Inn, Darling's concerns proved unwarranted.

Following approval of the first reading of the moratorium, the town council faced a decision regarding the historic significance of the Pinewood Inn.

Although the town's historic preservation found that two structures on the Pinewood Inn property were historically significant and should be bound by the moratorium, the council had not made a formal ruling to uphold or deny the board's recommendation.

During Tuesday's meeting, council member Stan Holt moved to deny the board's historic significance recommendation and to grant Craig a demolition permit.

Mayor Ross Aragon, council member Darrel Cotton and Holt voted in favor of the motion with council members Judy James and Tony Simmons dissenting.

Council members John Middendorf and Bill Whitbred were absent.

Whitbred has been absent for most of the meetings regarding the Pinewood Inn case. Those meetings began in early September.

Town Manager Mark Garcia said Craig applied for a demolition permit Wednesday.

According to town building official Scott Pierce, all town permits, including demolition permits, are not transferable.

Pierce said the town's building code states that only a property owner, or an owner's agent, may obtain a permit. "When the property changes hands, the permit does not go with the project," Pierce said.

Garcia supported Pierce's assertion.

That leaves Craig, according to demolition permit regulations, 120 days to demolish the property.

Craig declined to comment on his plans.

At the end of the meeting, and after all parties in the Pinewood Inn case had left council chambers, Cotton requested the council modify Holt's motion to include a condition that issuance of Craig's demolition permit should be contingent upon submittal of an approved development plan.

After discussing the legality of the move, Cotton's request was denied and Holt's prior motion was rescinded with a new motion put forth with more concise language. In the new motion, Holt stated the council found that none of the buildings on the Pinewood Inn property had historic significance.

On Nov. 15, the town will consider adopting an ordinance that would require submittal of a development plan prior to issuance of a demolition permit.

The demolition moratorium will go again before the town council for second reading and final approval in December.


Hospital construction funded, underway

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

During its regular monthly meeting Tuesday night, the Upper San Juan Health Service District Board of Directors amended one budget, adopted another and announced significant progress toward the development of a hospital in Pagosa Springs.

As the meeting began, it seemed business as usual, with the call to order and approval of minutes to prior meetings. But, as attention turned toward amending the district's 2006 budget, the reality of a hospital in Pagosa Springs suddenly emerged.

In an earlier version of the 2006 budget, which the district had previously adopted and appropriated funds for, its Administrative Services Fund was allotted $432,580. For the Dr. Mary Fisher Clinic Fund, the district provided $25,487, and it allocated $1,108,263 for its Emergency Medical Services Fund.

In the amended form, however, exactly $12 million had been added to the Dr. Mary Fisher Clinic Fund. The addition reflected the successful issuance of voter-approved revenue bonds, the subsequent sale of the bonds, and a guarantee that financing for the new hospital had indeed been secured.

Following review of the proposed 2007 budget, which included first-time funding for such things as operational reserves and a 3-percent TABOR reserve, the board members present unanimously approved it, subject to any possible government-required revenue adjustments derived from grants or true value assessments.

Again, all apparently business as usual.

But then, as board chair Neal Townsend asked for a report from the district Bond and Finance Committee, committee member J.R. Ford announced that the first installment of the district's hospital construction financing through UMB Financial Corporation, in the amount of $9.89 million, would be funded the next day (yesterday).

A robust round of applause quickly followed, as board treasurer Bob Goodman jubilantly exclaimed, "I can't believe we're finally doing this. After all the trials and tribulations, this is a dream come true."

Ford said closing on the initial loan amount was scheduled for Wednesday, and the remaining $2.11 million would come sometime in January.

In a second announcement, which generated another round of applause, board vice chair Michelle Visel declared fund-raising committee success in obtaining a $500,000 Department of Local Affairs (DOLA) grant for the purchase of necessary hospital equipment.

Visel and Ford were to formally request the grant at a meeting in Redstone earlier this fall, but an early-season snowstorm prevented them from attending. Instead, they made the request by phone and were initially led to believe their appeal had been rejected. However, in a subsequent phone conversation with DOLA officials, Ford learned that the grant was approved and would be fully funded.

As an update on a Caring for Colorado Foundation grant the district has also applied for, Visel reported that, while final word wasn't expected until February, at least partial approval looked promising.

Visel said CFCF has never extended a grant of such size before, but officials there appear ready to honor some, if not all, of the $200,000 asked. In this case, whatever amount CFCF offers, the money will go toward the purchase of hospital equipment from Mercy Regional Medical Center in Durango.

With initial funding secured and equipment grants coming in, the pace of actual construction has increased accordingly. Heavy equipment operators continue reshaping the land to accommodate the 28,000 square-foot addition to the Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center that will become the new hospital, while others are busy relocating utility lines currently in the path of development.

Poor soil conditions have delayed work on the building foundation, but two separate solutions appear feasible and less costly than originally anticipated.

Meanwhile, the district Hospital Construction Committee recently met with its chosen contractor, GE Johnson, and received a final bid for the total cost of hospital construction. Ford acknowledged that the bid was within the district's budget, and told of certain items previously removed from the original design that had been added back in. Those items include a covered entry, laboratory and cabinetry, a fully functional kitchen, protection trim, and tile flooring in common areas.

Ford also suggested foundation excavation would begin in about a week, and steel would be delivered by February. Completion is expected in 14 months.


Inside The Sun

Stevens Field receives 'Outstanding Airport' award

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

Colorado Pilots Association Inc. has recognized Archuleta County's Stevens Field as one of two "outstanding" Colorado airports for 2006.

At its annual meeting in Denver Nov. 4, the association presented Stevens Field an "Outstanding Airport" award in observance of its exceptional services and facilities in general aviation. The association also similarly recognized Harriet Alexander Field near Salida.

According to CPA Awards Committee Co-chairman Walt Barbo, the awards are part of a program in which CPA members, based on their flying experiences, identify and nominate Colorado airports for such recognition.

Separate awards are typically given to commercial and general aviation airports, but this year, Barbo said, "both awards were given to airports in the general aviation category, in consideration of the extraordinary effort and contribution to growth of aviation in Colorado."

In part, a press release announcing this year's awards reads, "The award to Stevens Field was given in recognition of efforts over the last three years to revitalize the airport through a major construction program that converted the airport into one of the most outstanding facilities serving Colorado mountain recreational areas."

In a letter to CPA, local pilot John Huft nominated Stevens Field for the honor, citing its reformation from "a decaying runway sinking into the swamp," to a modern general aviation gem capable of handling corporate jets weighing up to 75,000 pounds.

As Huft wrote, "The old, claptrap FBO (fixed base operator) hangar is now used for the airport maintenance vehicles. A new building at the midfield apron replaces it, with bright new offices, ramp security cameras, and modern fueling facilities. New private hangars are also being built at this location."

Huft also sang praise for airport manager George Barter, and FBO general manager Bob Goubitz of AvJet Corporation. Barter assumed management in early August and, according to Huft, has brought "a new atmosphere of professionalism and friendliness that is welcomed by the local pilots, and will be appreciated by our visitors as well."

Goubitz, meanwhile, has brought energy and enthusiasm to the entire FBO staff, and is working to establish truly competitive aircraft fuel prices. Huft describes that as "a welcome change."

Improvements at Stevens Field over the past three years include the new FBO building and hangars, a midfield apron, full perimeter fencing, and the enlargement of the runway. The runway was expanded from a 60-foot-wide strip with a 12,000 pound capacity to one 75 feet wide and 8,100 feet long, with a 75,000 pound capacity. To date, the renovation has cost approximately $12.5 million, with the Federal Aviation Administration covering 95 percent. The state and county governments have shared the rest.

The Outstanding Airport Award comes just a month after Archuleta County received a grant from the Colorado Aeronautical Board totaling $192,719. A substantial portion of that money, roughly $127,000, constitutes the state's share in next year's construction of a parallel taxiway that will compliment the new runway.

Another $25,000, though not anticipated, was offered as reimbursement for costs already incurred in previous projects. The balance will aid in resurfacing a badly deteriorated north ramp.

The north ramp is one of two aircraft parking areas at midfield, and pilots have refused to use it in fear that powerful engines may sustain damage, by picking up loose gravel. Archuleta County will contribute $15,000 in cash or in-kind services toward the north ramp overlay.

As in earlier projects, the FAA will cover 95 percent of the amount needed to construct the new parallel taxiway, with the county matching the state's contribution. The total cost of the project is estimated at $5.3 million.


How much are those boots in the window?

A Veterans Day tribute

By Marcia Norton Leeper

Special to The SUN

The location: the window of the Main Street Antiques Store on Pagosa Street in downtown Pagosa Springs.

The date: Week of Nov. 11, 2006.

Clearly printed in black ink inside the World War II paratrooper boots, resting in front of the American flag, is an inscription - "June 15, 1942, USA."

In "as found" condition, achingly poignant, no boot laces, scuffed and well worn with crumpled high-tops, the boots remind one of the boots worn by the six American soldiers raising the American flag over Iwo Jima in that famous World War II photo.

The boots belong to Andrew Lukcik, formerly of Pagosa Springs, and, as of September 2006, now residing in California. Boots like these were worn by the 11th Airborne paratrooper "Angels," as they were called, during combat jumps on Luzon, Tagaytay Ridge and Leyte. Andy was one of the paratroopers, and his job was part of the United States' campaign to liberate the Philippines.

I met Andy purely by chance. My daughter, Lisa, had placed an ad in the Pagosa SUN to attract owners of estates selling antiques. Andy's son-in-law, Wayne Brown, responded. Unable to go to the sale, Lisa asked me to go for her. I was greeted by Wayne and his wife, Fran, who explained it was her father, Andy, who was "down-sizing" before leaving Pagosa, for health reasons.

Before long, while accumulating items of interest, I noticed a pair of old boots on the garage shelf. Wayne said, "Those are the paratrooper boots Andy wore when he landed in the Philippines during World War Two."

I asked if Andy was keeping them. Wayne took me into the room where Andy was sitting. The man radiated an aura of softness and dignity that put me at ease. I liked and loved him immediately. Still handsome and in his 80s, his gentle demeanor made me feel it was okay to ask questions. I wanted to know just where those boots had landed in the Philippines. He told me in his quiet way only what little he wished to reveal and this I share here.

Our meeting was much too brief, but before I left (with the boots), we hugged tightly and with tears in my eyes, I managed to say, "Thank you," for myself and for all the rest of us who live in freedom because of men like him.

Several weeks later, a regular customer who collects unusual items visited the antique store where I work. Eventually our conversation led to the fact that I had acquired the paratrooper boots. His first question was, "Are they for sale?"

I had never thought about selling them, but agreed to bring them into the store for him to see. Next day, as I held the boots and told him Andy's story, several other customers were eavesdropping and crowded around to see. They, too, wanted to hear the history of those boots. Everyone asked the same questions: "Are they for sale?" "How much?"

Just like me, they were in awe. I realized right then that everyone who wanted to see the boots and learn about the World War II veteran who wore them in combat, should be allowed to do so.

And so how much are those boots in the window?

How much is love of country, freedom and family worth when men like Andy are willing to fight on for all they believe and hold dear, while others perish around them?

How much are the lives of the servicemen worth who never came home?

How much do we owe their families?

Really, really think what living without freedom would be like.

With that said, local teachers are invited to bring these boots into their classrooms for the young ones to see - to be seen by school children old enough to learn about wars. Let them see history first-hand. Tell them about our veterans. Let them look at the boots; let them touch them and think about the foreign soil on which they landed and why our soldiers were there.

This is an opportunity to teach our children what Veterans Day is clearly all about - a day of tribute, honor and gratitude to those veterans who are still with us and to those who gave their all. And, if only one child understands what these boots represent and why we are a free nation today, it will be worth it!

How much are those boots in the window? Only God will ever know. Some things just need to be shared, never sold. As for me, I know thankfully, with all my heart, that they are, and should always remain, priceless.

These "Priceless Boots" on loan to schools by request.

Call Marcia Norton Leeper, 264-2289.


Pagosan airlifted to hospital following Tuesday crash

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

A Pagosa man, Travis Stahr, 28, lost control of the car he was driving Tuesday night at about 9 p.m. on U.S. 84, approximately one mile south of U.S. 160. Stahr was injured when the car overturned - two passengers were unhurt - and likely sustained head injuries, which required him to be airlifted to Mercy Regional Medical Center by helicopter, though his condition now appears to be stable, said Colorado State Patrol Corporal Randy Talbot.

Stahr was the driver in a July 29 head-on collision on U.S. 160 west of Pagosa Springs, in which he was critically injured. Chase Regester, 20, and Michael Maestas, 22, both of Pagosa Springs, died from injuries they received in the accident.

According to Talbot, Adrienne Gearhart of Bayfield, the owner of the vehicle and back-seat passenger, and Coty Cook, of Ignacio, the front-seat passenger, were not seriously injured and needed no treatment. None of the occupants of the vehicle were wearing safety belts.

According to Talbot, Stahr was driving the vehicle south on U.S. 84 when it began to run off the right side of the road. Stahr then overcorrected the car and it rolled onto its roof, after which it slid approximately 250 feet down the highway, crossing both lanes of traffic, eventually coming to rest off the east side of the highway.

Stahr was partially ejected and pinned under the overturned vehicle. He was extricated by Pagosa Fire Protection District personnel, said Talbot.

According to Fire Chief Warren Grams, Stahr was extricated and turned over to EMS for airlift to Durango.

Talbot said that speed was at issue in the accident, but alcohol was not. The state patrol will continue to investigate the incident. Charges could be pressed against Stahr for driving without a license and reckless driving.


Blood drive set for Pagosa

United Blood Services has scheduled a blood drive noon to 4 p.m. Monday, Nov. 13, at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. The facility is located at 230 Port Ave. ID is required.


27 new hangars for Stevens Field, new policies on horizon

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

With physical improvements and positive changes coming fast to Stevens Field, airport manager George Barter is taking things a few steps further.

As part of ongoing expansion, Archuleta County plans to construct 27 aircraft hangars on a 12-acre parcel near the new fixed base operator (FBO) building, and Barter is now seeking bids from prospective hangar builders and contractors.

Two separate plots are apparently available for development. One will include 10 hangars at 3,000 square-feet each, while the other will contain 10 similar hangars and seven additional ones at 10,000 square-feet each. Barter is looking for proposals for either or both plots.

Once built, hangars will be privately owned, and subject to a 20-year ground lease at 38 cents per square foot. A 20-year lease extension will also be possible.

Proposals may be mailed to Archuleta County Airport, P.O. Box 4666, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147. A detailed map of the development areas is available upon request, and those with questions may call 731-3060.

Physical improvements notwithstanding, the airport is also adopting new policies and operations procedures. In the process, Barter has issued his first two Stevens Field policy letters, dictating grounds movement rules and a change in emergency flight operations.

Airfield Policy 06-01 was issued in response to recent incidents on or near the airport runway, which seem to indicate a lack of understanding of airport movement and runway safety regulations. Essentially, it prohibits all motor vehicles and pedestrians, except emergency and official airport vehicles and personnel, from driving on, walking on, or crossing runways 01 and 19.

The restrictions also apply to all areas within 400 feet of either side of the runway, including the approach and departure areas inside the fenced airport perimeter - an area referred to as the Runway Protection Zone.

Barter's letter also suggests vehicle and pedestrian activity on either side of the airport be restricted to Taxiway Bravo on the east, and the ramp and hangar areas on the west. According to the letter, under no circumstances should anyone cross the "hold short" lines in either area. For those wishing to cross from one side of the airport to the other, Barter recommends exiting the airport and re-entering on the opposite side.

Airfield Policy 06-02 reflects a change in emergency flight operations. Because the reconfiguration of the airport has eliminated fixed-wing aircraft access to Nick's Hangar, where emergency evacuations were formerly directed, flight operations have now been moved to the midfield ramp near the new FBO building.

From here on, according to the new policy, all ambulance transports to the airport, and emergency flight operations from, should take place at the midfield ramp location. To get there, rescue operations and ambulance drivers should travel about a mile northwest on Piedra Road, turn right on Cloman Boulevard, and follow it another mile to Aviation Court. Another right turn culminates at the FBO building and ramp area.


PAWSD acts to improve water quality, save money

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District Board of Directors recently acted on a couple of items aimed at improving water quality and saving consumers money.

At their regular monthly meeting rescheduled for October 24, the PAWSD board entertained a request from the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association, asking for matching funds in a joint venture referred to as the Lake Pagosa Water Quality Enhancement Basin.

According to Larry Lynch, Manager of the PLPOA Department of Property and Environment, the project is needed to provide pre-treatment of sediment-laden waters that typically enter the east side of Lake Pagosa from the Cloman Industrial Park area.

The project is planned for an area between Piedra Road and Sundown Circle, and will occupy roughly three Lake Pagosa Park lots owned by the PLPOA.

Apparently, water clarity during spring runoff, and sampling over the past several years, have repeatedly raised water quality concerns, and the PLPOA believes constructing the basin will improve the quality of water entering the lake, while dramatically reducing sediment. The end result could also maximize available water storage in Lake Pagosa.

In a September letter sent to the PAWSD board, Lynch said, "Suspended sediment sampling over the past several years has identified the inlet as the highest sediment producer of all four lakes."

At last month's PAWSD meeting, Lynch further described the project as, "the number one priority of the lakes, and high on the list of projects identified in the long range Stollsteimer Creek Watershed Plan, created through joint effort by multiple agencies."

With the latest estimated cost of constructing the enhancement basin set at $34,000, the PAWSD board agreed to contribute half. Lynch, meanwhile, assured the board that the PLPOA would cover the cost of maintaining and dredging the basin every couple of years.

While water quality is always a PAWSD concern, so too, is sound conservation. At last month's meeting, the board agreed to continue its toilet rebate program indefinitely, and establish two additional programs.

As part of a Water Information Program, Denise Rue-Pastin, of Southwestern Water Conservation District, presented the PAWSD board with facts and figures illustrating the success of its three-year toilet rebate program. PAWSD offers a $100 rebate for anyone reverting to the use of a modern low-flow toilet, and by the October meeting, 152 outdated fixtures had been replaced in the district, with annual water savings estimated at 1.67 million gallons.

With 48 additional rebate requests to consider, Rue-Pastin suggested the board continue the program indefinitely, and the board agreed.

In light of its successful toilet rebate program, PAWSD is now pursuing a similar one that will offer rebates to consumers who switch to high-efficiency clothes washers. On average, Rue-Pastin estimates consumers using the newer machines will reduce water usage by 40 percent, saving 5,776 gallons of water a year, per household.

In addition to saving water, Rue-Pastin suggests the new washing machines will use 50 percent less energy. As a result, La Plata Electric Association has verbally committed to participating in the program with PAWSD, and has allotted funds in their 2007 budget for it. Rebates could total as much as $250 per machine.

In another water-saving scheme, Rue-Pastin introduced a low-flow, pre-rinse spray valve to the PAWSD board. The devise is designed to increase water pressure, while drastically reducing usage in restaurant kitchen sprayers and again, the savings can be substantial.

Following Rue-Pastin's presentation, the board agreed to initiate a pilot program with the purchase of 10 of the valves, making them available to interested restaurateurs, free of charge. Each valve costs an estimated $400.

Each of these water-saving measures will conceivably save PAWSD a considerable sum of money, but consumers will also benefit directly, through reduced monthly water bills.


Zaday sentenced for DWAI offense

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Archuleta County Commissioner Ronnie Zaday appeared in county court Nov. 1, Judge James Denvir presiding, to face charges of driving while ability impaired (DWAI), DUI per se and unsafe backing - stemming from a motor vehicle incident Aug. 1, in which Zaday allegedly backed her SUV into a parked vehicle, while under the influence.

Zaday pleaded guilty to DWAI and not guilty to DUI per se and unsafe backing. The latter two charges were dismissed by the district attorney's office.

Zaday was sentenced to 10 days jail (all of which were suspended), 12 months probation with alcohol evaluation and supervision, 24 hours community service, and was assessed an alcohol evaluation fee, LEAF fine, brain injury fund fine, victim compensation fund fine, persistent drunk driving surcharge and other fees and court costs - all of which totaled $435.

Zaday will also be required to attend a Mothers Against Drunk Driving victim impact panel Nov. 15.


Reward offered for information on second lynx killing

For the second time in less than a week, the Colorado Division of Wildlife reports that a lynx was shot and killed in southwest Colorado.

A male lynx was found on Nov. 1, near San Juan County Road 110, also known as the Cement Creek Road located just north of Silverton. DOW researchers detected a mortality signal from the cat's radio collar on Oct. 24.

Lynx collars used by the DOW are equipped to send position information to a satellite. The information is downloaded to DOW computers once each week. Based on when the signal was received, the lynx probably died a week earlier.

When researchers found the animal no wounds were apparent. During the necropsy conducted Tuesday (Nov. 7), small wounds were found on the body which indicated that lynx was killed by a shotgun blast.

The cat, captured in Canada as part of the DOW's lynx reintroduction effort, was released in southwest Colorado in 2005.

Another lynx that had been shot was found Nov. 2 in the Hermosa Park area about 30 miles north of Durango near the Purgatory ski resort. The necropsy, also completed Tuesday, found that the lynx had been shot twice by a rifle — once in the hip and once in the head.

Not only has the cat been seen at the ski area, but it has also wandered a wide area into Rico and Telluride. The cat was famous among DOW researchers because it had been spotted guarding the carcass of a coyote that it had apparently killed.

In October 2005 two lynx radio collars were found in southwest Colorado that had been cut off lynx. One was found in the snow on Missionary Ridge, about 20 miles northeast of Durango. The other was dropped into the mail slot of the Silverton post office. The lynx wearing the collars were never found. DOW law enforcement officers suspect the animals were shot.

The DOW is reintroducing lynx in the mountains of Colorado. The first lynx were released in 1999. About 200 lynx are believed to be alive in Colorado's southern and central mountains.

If anyone has information about any of these incidents, they are asked to call the DOW office in Durango at (970)375-6744; or Operation Game Thief at 1-877-265-6648. Information can be given anonymously. The DOW is offering a $500 reward for information that leads to an arrest in any of these cases.


Salvation Army bell ringers collecting now

By Jim Haliday

Special to The SUN

It's the time of the year when the Salvation Army seeks kettle donations. The bell ringers are all unpaid volunteers who stand in the cold collecting money to help the needy in Archuleta County. This money is distributed, throughout the year, to help with expenses such as auto fuel and repairs, dentists, doctors, food, insurance, lodging, medicine, rent, travel and utilities.

The Archuleta County Division of the Salvation Army has distributed approximately $35,000 to the needy in Archuleta County. This is 98 percent of donations which means that operating and overhead expenses are only 2 percent. Hopefully, this will encourage more donations because donors realize that their money is being well spent.

If you would like to help ring bells any time between Nov. 18 and Dec. 24, call Jim Haliday at 731-9082.

If you would like to make a mail donation, payable to:

"The Salvation Army," The Salvation Army Archuleta Division, P.O. Box 1567, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147-1567.


Honor roll announced at Pagosa Springs Junior High School

The following eighth-grade students earned a 4.0 grade point average (GPA) at Pagosa Springs Junior High School the first quarter of the school year: Allison Baer, Mary Brinton, Christopher Brown, Andrea Fautheree, Brittnie Kraft, Mele LeLievre, Zachary Lucero, Danielle Pajak, Cy Parker, Crystal Purcell, Garrett Stol and Sienna Stretton.

The following eighth-grade students made the honor roll with a GPA of at least a 3.2857 at Pagosa Springs Junior High School the first quarter of the school year: Kayla Catlin, Shea Johnson, Dakota Miller, Tyler Vaivoda, Rachel Shaw, Kelsea Anderson, Brianna Bryant, Cody Keane, Magan Kraetsch, Joshua Long, Sarah Stuckwish, Tayler McKee, Gabrielle Dill, Chanlor Humphrey, Hope Krogh-Forman, Randell Rudock, Stacey Failla, Tiana Johnson, Kelsi Lucero, Viridiana Marinelarena, Tyler Martinez, Nathanial Owens, Roxana Palma, Felicia Salas, Brinda Wallis, Cheyann Dixon, Michelle Garcia, Kenneth Hogrefe, Alexa Martinez, Bridgett Mechanic, Brittany Mechanic and Sierra Suttles.

The following seventh-grade students earned 4.0 GPA at Pagosa Springs Junior High School the first quarter of the school year:

Kyle Anderson Andresen, Sadie Anderson, Jesse Aragon, Katya Armbrecht, Saje Brinkmann, Ryley Gardner, Kaitlyn Geroux, Seth Hansen, Mary Haynes, Abbigale Hicklin, Zachary Irons, Natasha Medici, Austin Miller, Kristi Plum, Daniel Puskas, Silas Thompson and Eli Velasquez.

The following seventh-grade students made the honor roll with a GPA of at least 3.2857 at Pagosa Springs Junior High School the first quarter of the school year:

Leslie Baughman, Cassie Calavan, Kyle Danielson, Karis Fritzsche, Charisse Morris, Reahna Ray, Kelsy Sellers, Tiffany Watson, Jennie White, Moses Audetat-Mirabal, Laura Bell, Sarah Bir, Zachary Brinkmann, Jerica Caler, Sissy Dodson, Brooklynn DuCharme, Zoe Fulco, Sierra Hewett, Katelyn McRee, Desiree Pastin, Courtney Spears, Tori Strohecker, Zachariah Graveson, Drew Mackey, Tiffany Bachtel, Caitlin Cameron, Hannah Denton, Brooke Hampton, Samantha Hunts, Zerek Jones, Dane Murdock, Eurisko PeBenito, Tyson Ross, Nate Bard, Autumn Medlin, Lacey Romero-CdeBaca, Sydney Aragon, Evan Brookens, Justin Duncan, Kalie Ray, Danny Shahan, Brooke Spears, Mariah Vasquez, Rebecca Zeller, Maribel Covarrubias, William Brown, Alexandra Fortney, Liam Frey, Amber Goldberg, Elliott Harwood, Alexandra Herrera, Daniel Martinez, Max Miller and Cheyann Walker.

Perfect attendance

The following seventh- and eighth-grade students had perfect attendance at Pagosa Springs Junior High School the first quarter of the year: Sydney Aragon, Daniel Armbrecht, Tiffany Bachtel, Allison Baer, Leslie Baughman, Lee Clark, Brooklynn DuCharme, Stacey Failla, Matthew Fisher, Michelle Garcia, Elliott Harwood, Jennifer Hopper, Derek Hujus, Zachary Irons, Alyssa Laydon, Mele LeLievre, Zachary Lucero, Tyler Martinez, Bridgett Mechanic, Natasha Medici, Dakota Miller, Roxana Palma, Kristi Plum, Sebastian Rahier, Manny Ramirez, Randell Rudock, Michael Sause, Kelsy Sellers, Rachel Shaw, Sienna Stretton, Mariah Vasquez, Michael Walkup and Matthew Weber.


County commission to hold budget hearings

The Archuleta County Board of County Commissioners will hold two public hearings on the 2007 annual budget.

Hearing dates are today, Nov. 9, and Tuesday, Nov. 14. Both public hearings will begin at 8:30 a.m. and will take place in the commissioners' meeting room at the county courthouse, located at 449 San Juan St.

The proposed budget is a 4.61-percent reduction from the 2006 budget, and significantly reduces historical reserve spending.

The departmental schedule for the Nov. 9, 2006 hearing is as follows:

8:30-8:45 a.m. Building and Grounds

8:45-9 Veterans Services

9-9:15 County Attorney

9:15-9:30 Human Resources

9:30-9:45 County Extension

9:45-10 County Fair

10-10:15 Break

10:15-10:30 Tourism

10:30-10:45 Coroner

11-1 p.m. Lunch

1-1:30 Seniors

1:30-5 Public Works

The departmental schedule for the Nov. 14, 2006, hearings is as follows:

8-8:30 a.m. Clerk and Recorder/Elections

8:30-8:45 Nutrition

8:45-9:45 Development Services

9:45-10:15 Assessor

10:15-10:30 Treasurer

10:30-10:45 Break

10:45-11:45 Finance and other non-major capital projects

11:45-12:15 Administration

12:15-1:15 p.m. Lunch

1:15-2 Commissions

2-2:15 Human Services

2:15-2:45 Airport

2:45-3:15 Information Services

3-3:15 Emergency Operations

2:45-3 Break

3-4 Public Safety/E911

Both hearings are scheduled for the board of county commissioners' meeting room in the Archuleta County courthouse.


County seeks public comment tonight on regional park

Archuleta County has begun making plans for a 120-acre regional county park located at the north end of Cloman Boulevard, west of Stevens Field airport. The county has the opportunity to acquire this property from the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) at virtually no cost, but must furnish a conceptual plan to the BLM as part of the acquisition agreement.

Using state Conservation Trust Fund money, which can only be used for recreational purposes, the county has hired the landscape architecture firm Winston Associates to create a conceptual design for this property and for the 30 acres of Cloman property currently owned by the county. As part of this process, the county seeks public comment on several designs prior to choosing the final plan. The chosen design will be used to acquire the BLM property and as a guide for future capital project planning and grant requests.

The designs will be available for view in the airport conference room located in Nick's Hangar from 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. tonight, Nov. 9. This is an open house format, so there will be no formal presentations at this time. Representatives from Winston Associates and county staff will be on hand to answer questions and take comments.

Call 731-3877 for more information.


Buy popcorn, support Cub Scouts

Cub Scouts from Pack 807 are in the midst of their annual pack fund-raiser, selling a variety of popcorn products.

Each scout is responsible, along with his family, for raising money for the Pack. This annual fund-raiser provides the budget for the year's activities of the Pack. It pays for the supplies, badges, awards, necessary equipment, scholarships for needy scouting families and at least 50 percent of the fees for any scout to attend summer camp.

Over $21,000 worth of popcorn was sold by the Pack last year, which resulted in over $6,000 being retained for the local pack.

The popcorn products are available from any Cub Scout until Nov. 17. The Scouts have the products in-hand, so it is a cash-and-carry fund-raiser. Products range in price from $8 to $50 and include microwaveable packets of popcorn and kettle corn and six different types of popcorn covered in chocolate, cheese or mixed with nuts presented in reusable decorative tins of several sizes.

A scout might visit your home or business or you may see scouts selling the product in front of several stores or at the Civic Club Bazaar Nov. 4. Contact Lisa Scott at 264-2730 if you'd like to purchase a popcorn product and have not had a scout solicit you.

The Pack currently has 47 boys in grades one through five enrolled in the Cub Scout Pack for this year. The boys are assigned to Dens and currently there are seven adult leaders coordinating five dens. There are many other adult leaders involved in the coordination and organization of Pack activities.

The mission is to provide a means of raising money for the Cub Scout Pack with which the Pack can establish and expand its programs and give boys the best scouting experience possible. Community assistance and support through purchasing popcorn is appreciated.


Breast cancer support group meets in Pagosa Springs

By Kathi DeClark

Special to The SUN

Sam Conti, a licensed professional counselor with over 20 years experience in the mental health field and with support groups for woman survivors of gender violence, is starting a breast cancer support group in Pagosa Springs.

The group will meet once a month, at 4 p.m. on the second Sunday of the month at Conti's office in the Pagosa Springs Family Medicine Clinic on South Pagosa Boulevard. This group is for the newly diagnosed, and those who have trudged this road before. Everyone has something to share. Anyone interested should plan to attend.

Conti was diagnosed with a stage 2 B Lobar Carcinoma of the left breast almost eight years ago. After she had a complete left mastectomy, she went through a series of chemotherapy, and 47 days of radiation. She did this all the while working in Ignacio as the clinical supervisor at Peaceful Spirit Treatment Center.

"It was quite a struggle. If I hadn't had my friends and others that had gone before me, I couldn't have made it," said Conti. She went on to say, "I am so grateful every day for my life and for the experience I had with cancer, as I came out so far ahead of where I was. I learned so much about myself and I grew spiritually. I have so much to give thanks for today. The opportunity to facilitate this group will be one more opportunity to give back what I have gained. Won't you join us to share your questions, strength and hope with others?"

Call 731-9920 for more information.


Workforce Center offers employment testing

Local employers are struggling to find qualified employees. The Pagosa Springs Workforce Center, along with Workforce Centers around the state, have responded by incorporating online employability testing that can be tailored to meet an employer's needs. Job seekers also benefit because the tests are not academic, but test employment skills and can help them market their skills.

There are two testing programs, WorkKeys and Qwiz, and another, different program, KeyTrain, that can help an employee build his or her skills in every area WorkKeys tests. Nationally-recognized companies provide WorkKeys (ACT) and Qwiz (Previsor). WorkKeys tests nine areas of employability from Applied Math to Teamwork and Qwiz have over 350 tests, ranging from accounting skills and customer service to specific computer programs.

The Pagosa Springs Workforce Center will help an employer select the tests that best represent the skills needed for a specific job description. Staff will also help job seekers identify the best tests for marketing their skills to employers. The Pagosa Springs Workforce Center is working on educating employers about the new value-added services to help them find qualified employees.

If you are an employer and would like to know more about all of the free services at the Southwest Colorado Workforce Centers and about using WorkKeys and QWIZ, including a demonstration at your office, please call: Kathryn Saley at (970) 563-4517, Ext. 220, or 759-5369. E-mail, phone The Colorado Workforce Center at 731-3832 or come to the office at 46 Eaton Drive, Suite 4.


Flu shot clinics announced

San Juan Basin Health Department's Pagosa office will conduct a community flu shot clinic tomorrow, Nov. 10. The time for the clinic is 8-10 a.m. Adults and children are welcome.

Additionally, San Juan Basin Health Department will conduct a flu shot clinic Thursday, Nov. 16, from 10 a.m. to noon at the Catholic Church in Arboles.

Flu shots are $25, and are free for those who have Medicare, Part B or Rocky Mountain HMO. Bring your insurance cards.

For more information, call 264-2409.


Students schedule Veterans Day breakfast Nov. 10

The annual Veterans Day breakfast provided by eighth-grade students at Pagosa Springs Junior High School, will take place Friday Nov. 10, due to the Veterans Day holiday falling on a Saturday this year.

Students will cook and serve breakfast to all veterans who show up 7:30 to 10:30 a.m. at the Pagosa Springs Community Center.

The students and their sponsor encourage all local veterans to attend and enjoy the breakfast.


Planning begins for 2007 Relay for Life

By Stacia Kemp

Special to The SUN

After a highly successful American Cancer Society Relay for Life event in Pagosa Springs last summer, organizers are starting on plans for the 2007 event, scheduled for June 22 and 23 in Town Park.

A planning meeting is scheduled at 6-7 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 15, at the fire station at 187 North Pagosa Blvd. All interested people are encouraged to attend.

Committees are forming to put together this two-day event, which raises money for the American Cancer Society. Last year, the local event raised over $95,000 gross, which resulted in the second highest per-capita giving for like-sized communities in the 12-state Great West Division.

Relay for Life committees include: team recruitment, team development, survivorship, publicity, logistics, registration/accounting, luminaria, corporate sponsorship/underwriting, entertainment and activities, food and relay-online.

Volunteers are still needed to fill various committee positions.

Anyone who would like to play a part in the fight against cancer is invited to attend the meeting or to call Dick Babillis (731-9263) for more information.


New low-income senior housing coming to Pagosa Springs

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) announced last week more than $633 million in grants for housing projects for low-income seniors and the disabled - over $2.7 million going to Housing Solutions for the Southwest for new low-income senior housing in Pagosa Springs.

The HUD section 202 grant will be used to construct a 20-unit, two-story building for 19 senior residents and one resident manager on the corner of South 8th and Apache streets, next to Casa de los Arcos (of the Archuleta County Housing Authority).

Though Casa de los Arcos is owned by the Archuleta County Housing Authority, the new facility will not be. It will be developed, owned, and managed by Housing Solutions - on land leased from the housing authority - said Kim Welty, executive director of Housing Solutions for the Southwest.

According to Welty, HUD bases its grants on its own assessment of the costs of construction and development - an estimate that is not fully accurate - so Housing Solutions will seek "gap funding" in the form of pre-development grants, funds from the state division of housing and local support (including potential fee waivers from the town).

According to HUD's Web site, the section 202 grant program "helps expand the supply of affordable housing with supportive services for the elderly. It provides very low-income elderly with options that allow them to live independently but in an environment that provides support activities such as cleaning, cooking and transportation.

"In addition ... HUD Section 202 grants will subsidize rents for three years so that residents will pay only 30 percent of their adjusted incomes as rent."

Housing Solutions will receive $2,515,600 in a capital advance for the construction of the new facility and $190,800 for a three-year rental subsidy.

U.S. Sen. Wayne Allard, of Colorado, announced the grant in a press release.

Allard is current chairman of the Banking Subcommittee on Housing and Transportation.

Two other Colorado non-profits received 202 grants - in Longmont and Montrose - while a Greeley housing facility for low-income persons with severe physical disabilities was funded under a HUD section 811 grant.

In total, Colorado received nearly $16 million in grants through the HUD 202 and 811 grant programs.

In comparison, Louisiana (a state of similar size) received nearly $10.5 million - some five million less despite Hurricane Katrina. (Katrina-ravaged Mississippi receive no HUD funding.)

California, the nation's most populace state, received over $76 million, while Wyoming, with the country's fewest residents, received no funding.

Alaska and Vermont, both minimally populated states of similar size, did receive grant funds, though Vermont was given nearly $6 million more than Alaska.

All things were not equal in section 202 and 811 grant decisions, but Colorado came out ahead of the game - pulling in more grants funds than California, per capita.


Archuleta Roots Day - celebrating our heritage

By Musetta Wollenweber

Special to The SUN

Were you born or raised in Pagosa Springs? Do you believe your roots are here in Archuleta County?

It's time to acknowledge those people with long life ties to the place that we all call home. The Den would like to recognize folks 60 and older who have lived most of their lives in Archuleta County on Archuleta Roots Day, Thursday, Nov. 30.

We'll celebrate your roots with a free meal, dessert, music, prizes, health screenings and an information session on Medicare. V

To kick off the festivities for our homegrown seniors, the San Juan Basin Health Department, in conjunction with Promoviendo la Salud, will offer a mini health clinic, beginning at 10 a.m. A blood screening is available to check your cholesterol and glucose levels. You'll also have the opportunity to check your blood pressure, body mass Index, (how much padding do you have?) pulseoximetry, (what is your blood oxygen level?) and spirometer, (what is your lung function?). Participants are asked to fast - no food for at least 12 hours for accurate results - and a $15 donation is suggested.

At 11, join us for a Medicare presentation including information on the Medicare D program. There will be helpful information available on a variety of topics from diabetes to the senior center activities.

At 11:30 , we will be entertained c by the talented John Graves on piano. Then, at noon, we will sit down to a free lunch including roast beef, mashed potatoes and gravy, green beans, dinner roll, salad bar and apple crisp for dessert, compliments of The Den, to honor those folks with Archuleta Roots. (Donations will be accepted.)

We will have first, second and third prizes for those who have lived in Archuleta County the longest.

To participate in this cheerful affair, reservations must be made with The Den by Monday, Nov. 27. Provide your name and how long you have lived in the area.

Don't miss out on this special occasion to visit with old friends. Tell your family, friends and neighbors about Archuleta Roots Day and come to The Den to celebrate; but don't forget to make your reservation so we'll have enough food.

For more information, call 264-2167.



Avalanche forecast office opens, public session slated

The Colorado Avalanche Information Center's Wolf Creek Pass Avalanche Forecast Office has begun its 14th winter of operation.

Colorado Avalanche Information Center (CAIC) is a division of the Colorado Geologic Survey. The office is responsible for providing mountain weather forecasts and avalanche hazard assessments to CDOT maintenance crews on Wolf Creek (U.S. 160), Monarch (U.S. 50), and Cumbres and La Manga (Colo. 17) passes.

This office, along with others in Silverton, Marble and the Eisenhower Tunnel, cover all the Colorado mountain highways. The Avalanche Center's main office is located with the National Weather Service in Boulder.

Local avalanche forecaster Mark Mueller begins his 30th winter of avalanche forecasting and control. Groups or individuals interested in avalanche safety or any other snow avalanche related matters can contact Mueller at the Wolf Creek Pass Avalanche Office at 264-4826.

The Colorado Avalanche Information Center will provide a daily statewide mountain weather and avalanche hazard forecast for interested backcountry winter travelers beginning mid-November. The CAIC hotline for the San Juan Mountains is located in Durango and can be reached at 247-8187. Daily forecasts and additional information can be found on the Avalanche Center's Web site, A day spent in the mountains in winter should start with a call to the Center's Avalanche Hotline or Web site. Another useful Web link, and an easier one to remember, is

A community avalanche awareness talk will be given at 7-9 p.m. Tuesday, Nov. 14, at the Pagosa Springs Community Center on Hot Springs Boulevard. The talk is free and will cover basic avalanche safety information. All interested winter backcountry travelers are encouraged to attend. Call 264-4826 for more information.


Prescribed burn on Southern Ute tribal land

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

In case you're wondering, the smoke you've seen rising from Sandoval Mesa northeast of Arboles the past few days is not the result of wildfire.

On Monday, the Southern Ute Agency announced that it would conduct a prescribed burn of 331 acres, with visible smoke every afternoon, for five days. Burning is scheduled to continue today and tomorrow, between noon and 4:30 p.m.

Sandoval Mesa is approximately five miles northeast of Arboles on the Southern Ute Indian Reservation. The actual burn is located in sections 18, 19 and 30, Township 33 North, Range 4 West, and sections 24 and 25, Township 33 North, Range 5 West of the New Mexico Principal Meridian. More precisely, the burn area is 37º 5' 15" North Latitude and 107º 19' 56" West Longitude.

For more information regarding this prescribed burn, or other planned burns, call the Southern Ute Agency at (970) 563-4571 or (970) 563-4572.


Lynx shot near Durango, DOW seeks information

The Colorado Division of Wildlife is seeking information about a lynx that was shot and killed during the last week of October in the Hermosa Park area about 30 miles north of Durango.

The lynx, a 9-year-old male, which was transplanted from British Columbia, was known to have ranged in a wide area between the Purgatory ski area, and the towns of Rico and Telluride. DOW officials were alerted when they received a mortality signal from the radio collar that had been placed on the cat when it was released in 2000.

A wildlife officer and a lynx researcher located the cat on Nov. 2. It was found in a heavily-wooded area in big game management Unit 74. The lynx was killed sometime during the second big game rifle hunting season which ended Oct. 29.

"We are hoping that an observant sportsman might have seen something that can help us solve this crime," said Patt Dorsey, area wildlife manager for the DOW in Durango. "We'd like to know the circumstances of why a lynx was killed. It's possible that this is a mistake or an accidental kill and there is a regretful person out there who would feel better making this right."

The DOW's Operation Game Thief receives more than 100 tips each year from the public about wildlife crimes.

The DOW is reintroducing lynx in the mountains of Colorado. The first lynx were released in 1999. About 200 lynx are believed to be alive in Colorado's southern and central mountains.

If anyone has information about this incident, they are asked to call the DOW office in Durango at (970)247-0855; or Operation Game Thief at 1-877-265-6648. Information can be given anonymously.


Forest Service conducts burn in Devil Creek area today

Fire managers from the Pagosa Ranger District are conducting a prescribed burn, started yesterday and lasting through today, Nov. 9, approximately 11 miles northwest of Pagosa Springs in the Devil Creek area.

Conditions permitting, 33 to 100 acres will be burned south of the East Monument Park Road (Forest Service Road 630). Smoke may be visible from the Piedra Road and several subdivisions in the Pagosa Lakes area. Daytime smoke is expected to disperse to the north and nighttime smoke will settle into the Devil Creek drainage.

Burning will occur along a closed road in the area and Forest Service Road 630 will remain open. Firefighters will be burning heavy thinning slash from a previous fuels reduction and forest health project.

For more information, contact the Pagosa Ranger District, 180 Pagosa St., 264-2268.


Public invited to Governmental Water Roundtable meeting

The public is invited to attend the next meeting of the Government Water Roundtable at 10 a.m. Wednesday, Nov. 15, at the San Juan Public Lands Center in Durango.

The focus of the meeting will be to discuss water-related sections of the San Juan Public Lands plan revisions, including Wild and Scenic River provisions.

Opportunities for public interaction and questions will be offered throughout the day.

Meetings are hosted by the San Juan Public Lands Center to discuss management of water on BLM and U.S. Forest Service lands in southwestern Colorado. Information gathered at the meetings will be incorporated into the upcoming San Juan National Forest Land Management Plan and the BLM Resource Management Plan.

For more information, go to: and click on Governmental Water Roundtable, or contact Kelly Palmer at 385-1232.


 Catch and Release

A correspondent in Baghdad? Perhaps not

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

My brother called last Wednesday to tell me he had volunteered for a tour in Iraq. Two days earlier he celebrated his thirty-seventh birthday. He is married and has two children.

My brother is a chief in the United States Navy. He enlisted when he was 20, and soon thereafter began a career in Naval aviation. He has made a good go of it. He is close to earning a bachelor's degree, has flown countless missions from air bases around the world, and intends to obtain a master's. He thinks about becoming a teacher. He'll do it all on the Navy's dime. He sees volunteering for Iraq as a necessary career move. He wants a star on his chief's anchor. We don't talk about what he thinks about the war. For him it is business, the tour a résumé builder.

On the phone, when he told me the news, he was giddy, like a sailor with his first tattoo, like a freshman going on his first big date, but my brother is neither. He is experienced, understands the risks, and is a family man. And I'm sure the implications of the decision - the impact on him and his family and thoughts of an untimely death - mixed with a touch of bravado, and an adrenaline rush from volunteering to serve in the deadliest place on the planet, created a strange emotional elixir. He was wired but ready.

I told him he hadn't made a wise decision, but that I understood. There was a time when I was also ready to go to Iraq, and although the circumstances were different, my motivations were the same.

I had spent years preparing for the journey. I studied Middle Eastern politics and history, learned Arabic, and visited the region twice. During my junior year at the University of New Mexico, I won a scholarship and planned to study in Yemen, where I would complete my senior thesis and hone language skills. I had planned to leave Sept. 28, 2001. Yet, when I watched the second airplane crash into the World Trade Center, I watched my semester abroad, and thousands of lives, vaporize like so much metal and steel. And in those moments, I knew the course of our country, and my course, would change.

I persisted.

By the time the U.S. invaded Iraq, I had earned my degree, and I saw opportunity in the invasion and a chance to make a name for myself as a war correspondent. But when Daniel Pearl turned up dead and decapitated and other journalists began coming home in body bags, I began to question my motivations. When it became clear our "quick in, quick out" strategy was unraveling and the mission was far from accomplished, I probed deeper. Was my life worth a news story or front-page photograph?

With the burden of the question bearing down, I left Albuquerque one June weekend three years ago to sort things out. I had to make a decision. While sitting in a barbershop in the Rio Grande valley south of Albuquerque, my father listened to Phil, my barber, and a group of old men speaking Spanish in hushed reverent tones. My father is not fluent, but he knows enough to understand the meaning of "truchas muy grande" when he hears it. That phrase, coupled with the words "South Fork of the Rio Grande" and "Creede" sent him straight home with freshly trimmed hair and maniacal intent. That afternoon we packed our gear and at four the next morning began the drive north in search of "very large trout." It was just what I needed.

On the second night of the trip, we camped along the South Fork and as the day dissipated and an evening thunderstorm blew in, we separated, each to cast flies to his own section of river - he venturing downstream and me up. After walking for about 15 minutes, I entered the stream. It ran fast and high, swollen and tempestuous with snowmelt. I waded in up to my hips, secured my footing, tied on a number 12 Parachute Adams, peeled line from the reel and began to cast. The drakes were hatching and I could do no wrong. And as I fought muscular Brown trout in the deep current and felt the weight of the evening settle in, I thought about my career path. Did I really want my severed head delivered to my colleagues in a grocery sack?

I pondered the question further while casting down the twilight, and concluded, that my life was worth far more than a news story. And there, while standing in the South Fork and casting in the fading light with the rain coming down, I decided, in an epiphanic moment, there was no place else I'd rather be. I would live in southwestern Colorado and pursue Brown trout, not a career in Baghdad. I would surely live longer, I thought. But in the end, I'm dying just the same.

So I understand my brother's decision, and truth be told, if given the chance, I would probably go today and for similar reasons as he. Bravado, adrenaline, curiosity and the desire to make a name for one's self form a strange and powerful tonic. The elixir, once concocted, is often irresistible. But it also tells much about our society and our national psyche when young people perceive war as a career option or résumé builder. The paradoxes are Orwellian. War is peace. Love is hate. Security is guaranteed when we sacrifice our freedoms. And now that thousands of our young men and women have sacrificed their lives in Iraq, do we feel safer? Are we really freer? Is it clear what they have made their sacrifices in for?

My brother will arrive in Iraq just after Thanksgiving. He will spend at least six months there. He does not know his mission. We have plans to ski Wolf Creek and to fish the South Fork. I hope to teach his 10-year-old son to fly fish. But for now, we don't talk about the future. We live solely in the present.

This war touches everyone. Every soldier is someone's brother or sister, mother or father, son or daughter, or friend. And after nearly 3,000 American deaths, and three years of fighting, the administration is finally starting to come clean - we have been lied to since the beginning. Iraq did not have weapons of mass destruction and Iraqis did not take down the Twin Towers. Our decision to invade was predicated on dubious intelligence reports, on motivations that will probably never be entirely revealed. But despite these truths, we have allowed, and continue to allow, our servicemen and women to be sent out like sheep to the slaughter. Is this all our country, the wealthiest most powerful nation on the planet, has to offer as career options for its youth? If so, we should be ashamed. This is a tragedy of the most colossal kind.

In the end, perhaps my brother and thousands of other servicemen and women will be able to list their service in Iraq as a bullet point on a résumé. For the dead, maybe historians will one day be able to explain away their sacrifice within the scope of a greater, geopolitical or hegemonic context. For the wounded and dismembered, they will bear the scars of this great debacle.

And maybe my brother will get that star on his anchor. But star or no star, I just hope he, and all the others, come home soon. And when they do, if they need to cast away memories of the horror, I'll have a fly rod lined and ready. The river is just outside my door.



Cut and run

Dear Editor:

Cut and run, or stay the course (oops, we don't say that anymore). Not so for Bechtel - the giant engineering company is leaving Iraq. "Mission not accomplished" to rebuild power, water and sewage plants.

Baghdad received less than six hours a day of electricity last month, and much of Iraq's population lives with untreated sewage and without clean water. But Bechtel (which received $2.3 billion) has decided it's achieved all that's possible on it's government contracts. One wonders how the families of the Bechtel employees who died in Iraq will be compensated. Maybe not worker's compensation, since warfare is typically excluded!

Britain formed Iraq as a country and their first democratic government in 1927. Oddly enough, this was the same year that a local oil field was discovered. The British then controlled the major portion of Iraq's oil until nationalization occurred in 1972. By the early 1930s, England's regional officers unwittingly confirmed the underlying motive in forming Iraq - that the Iraqis would rather kill each other over tribal/sect loyalties than focus on who controls their oil. England is our only major ally in the current Iraq war. Hmm, it all sounds vaguely familiar.

Pulling our troops out could "darkly benefit the U.S." by enabling the Shia and Sunni to continue to wage war and in turn on al Qaeda! Whatever the real current tactic the UN is not the answer, but rather the Sunni Arab national leaders. They have no interest in allowing Iran (Shia) to expand their area of control or for that matter al Qaeda who maybe pan Arabic but is without a true "base," and thus can be isolated, open for destruction by fellow Arabs. The matching U.S. diplomatic tactic could be to enable Turkey to join the EU in exchange for allowing the Kurds independence in what was northern Iraq! Sounds terrible, maybe to western democratic ears, but not theirs, the Mideast is just much more honestly a souk (market place) where all is negotiable regardless of religious rhetoric or amount of blood spilt and authority remains the only functional answer and where the past however ancient will be the future.

Yes, we should not have invaded. Yes, nearly 100,000 Iraqis have died in Iraq II. Yes, our death toll nears 3,000 with many thousands more badly injured. Yes, the nightly TV death report speaks extraordinarily highly of our troops. But the choice forced on America isn't between "good" (stay the course) and "bad" (cut and run); but rather which option is the best of the bad. To find the way out, you have to try to understand and think (not act) like your opponent.

Dave Blake


Cross country congrats

Dear Editor:

I would like to congratulate the Pagosa cross country teams and coaches Scott Anderson, JD Kurz and Hope Skandera, on a brilliant season. I've attended several meets this fall and have been impressed with the dedication, perseverance and great sportsmanship of these young people, as well as their athletic prowess.

But wait; there's more! I attended a celebratory luncheon in a Colorado Springs restaurant after the state meet, and was reminded of another luncheon, this one in an idyllic Yorkshire village last June. We were enjoying a quiet talk with an old friend when into the pub burst 12 middle-aged men. That ended any possibility of conversation; their noisy rudeness made the setting a misery. In contrast, the Pirates' luncheon was a joy. We were in a crowded room reserved for the teams and parents; it could have been raucous and deafening. Instead, because of their unfailing good manners, the prevailing atmosphere was one of happy freedom and civility, which in no way impeded the teams' ability to enjoy their triumphs. Meanwhile, the parents seated in booths enjoyed conversations at normal levels!

These boys and girls are well on their way to being world citizens. It speaks volumes for their families and coaches. I wish them all success in life, and am betting that they achieve it.

Laurels to those who arranged the spectacular send-off to the teams on Friday morning. It's great to see such support for these athletes.

Anita Briggs


No shortage of heroes

Dear Editor:

Heroism in a military uniform is not in style in certain circles today in America. Real heroism, for us, is scarcely conceivable apart from victimhood. I'm beginning to suspect that American movie audiences scarcely know what the old-fashioned hero even looks like anymore, the sort who dares greatly and succeeds by mastering his enemies.

With the post-Vietnam reaction against the military and its culture, the U.S. armed forces came to be routinely depicted as institutionally vicious and corrupt and individuals soldiers as pathetic victims.

One can only wonder if this mindset has ever completely vanished from some sanctums of today's liberal news media. It seems many in the media are willing to highlight only the actions of service members who can be portrayed as either victims or villains. But remember, a nation that ignores, or, worse, attacks its heroes, erodes and disparages its own ethos.

Whatever the case may be, it remains a fact that there has been no shortage of genuine heroes in Afghanistan and Iraq. Already, well over a million GIs can call themselves veterans of these conflicts.

So what does the nation owe this newest generation of warriors? What comes to mind immediately are respect and recognition. They are placing their lives on the line for a society largely unable to identify with their sacrifices. With those in uniform constituting the mere fraction of 1% of the population, it is the least the public can do.

This lack of a shared sense of sacrifice is a subject that occasionally comes up in newspaper print, but not often enough. No doubt it is one of the most challenging and uncomfortable subjects in American society - this lack of shared responsibility, across all social and economic classes, in the nation's defense. We support the troops, but most of us have no interest in seeing our own families engaged directly.

We have a great divide in this country - between the military culture and the civilian culture, and it has never been more pronounced than it is right now. Maybe it's time we ask ourselves, "Who's fighting for us in the fight of our lives?" Brave, idealistic Southerners. Hispanics from New Mexico. Rural men and women from upstate New York. Small-town boys and girls from the Midwest and the Four Corners.

The theatre in which one fights has no bearing on the value of his or her service. The act of volunteering to be sent wherever your country needs you must be acknowledged as a priceless gift from the individual citizen to his or her country. This gift's morality doesn't depend on the rightness or wrongness of any war, but on the soldier's high-stakes commitment to the value of our democratic experiment.

By spreading the message of respect/recognition, veterans can make the public understand the real meaning of Veterans Day. That message is: We are all in this together; we will not give up! We will not "cut and run!"

Jim Sawicki


Special people

Dear Editor:

Last evening, I attended a town council meeting and observed why the people of Pagosa Springs are so special.

Mark Garcia gave a report on the battle against cancer by one of the town's employees. Mark informed the council that the battle is being won; however, the town employee had used all of the vacation and sick leave benefits allotted. Mark further reported that the employees of Pagosa Springs had asked the council if they could gift their unused sick leave to a fellow worker.

The council have their unanimous support to the employees' request to help one of their fellow workers in need.

I want to honor the town council, Mark Garcia and all of the employees of Pagosa Springs for giving us a wonderful example of humanity and caring.


Mark Weiler


   Community News

Russ Hill Memorial Bazaar at Methodist Church

By Ann Moseley

Special to The PREVIEW

The 43rd annual Russ Hill Memorial Bazaar opens Wednesday, Nov. 15, at Community United Methodist Church.

For the next three weeks the church will be transformed into a colorful workshop.

Proceeds from this bazaar make it possible for the church Supper Fellowship group to support the ministry in the church and the community. Last year, more than 750 wreaths and 175 table arrangements were made, netting a five-figure profit.

Originally, the purpose of the bazaar was to raise funds for the needs of the church. However, in recent years, as the name of our church indicates, the Community United Methodist Church has contributed over 50 percent of its profits from the bazaar to more than a dozen non-profit organizations in our town.

Between 40 to 50 workers will gather daily Nov. 15 to Dec. 6 to create beautiful holiday decorations. Please note the bazaar will close Nov. 23, 24 and 25 so workers can enjoy the Thanksgiving weekend with their friends and families.

Volunteers from the community are welcome to come and work - we can always use more creative elves! Hours are 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Monday through Friday, and 9 to noon Saturday.

Prices for basic wreaths of pinecones and red velvet bows are $20 (8-inch inside width) and $35 (14-inch inside width).

Do you need a beautiful cornucopia or candle centerpiece for your Thanksgiving table? We encourage you to come by and place an order before Nov. 20. Small table arrangements are $15 to $25, medium-size arrangements $26 to $35, and large, $36 and up.

Come visit our halls, decked out with lovely wreaths and beautiful arrangements.

Deadline for orders is Wednesday, Nov. 29. A maximum 750 wreathes will be made, so get your order in early.


PowerHouse dinner and auction cancelled

By Roger Betts

Special to the PREVIEW

The PowerHouse dinner and auction scheduled for 6:30 p.m. Friday, Nov. 10, has been cancelled.

The organizers apologize for the late notice and the inconvenience to anyone who had planned to attend.


'Nuncrackers' cast cracking up at rehearsals

By Dale Morris

Special to The PREVIEW

Those zany nuns from Hoboken are at it again, in rehearsal for another Pagosa Springs Music Boosters Nunsense production called "Nuncrackers" - a show by Dan Goggin, sure to have you rolling in the aisles.

We are delighted to have Mary McKeehan, Kathy Isberg, Candy Flaming and Amber Farnham reprising their antic-filled roles in this holiday show. We also present our own Lisa Hartley, who usually works from the orchestra pit, on stage this time as the lovable Sister Amnesia.

Our cast includes the children of Hoboken - Ricky Peterson, Ami Harbison, Brooke Hampton and Colin Oliver, all of whom just completed performing in "Joseph ..." this past summer.

"Nuncrackers" offers the opportunity for a male actor to play a role in a musical usually reserved for women, and Jarrett Heber portrays Father Virgil Manly Trott.

Sue Anderson, our musical director, has been pounding the keys in support of the more than 25 musical numbers.

As usual, our biggest challenge in this production is trying to get through rehearsals despite constant side-splitting laughter caused by our nuns as they learn their roles.

"Nuncrackers" plays Nov. 30, and Dec. 1 and 2 at the Pagosa Springs High School auditorium at 7:30 p.m., with a matinee at 2 p.m. Dec. 2.

Advanced seating tickets are available at the Plaid Pony (731-5262) or at the door.


Join other writers Thursdays at Shy Rabbit

Writing is a solitary art. Any opportunity for a writer to interact with other writer's is a valuable endeavor. "Brown Bag Writers" provides that opportunity.

Writers of all levels meet every Thursday between 11:30 a.m. and 1 p.m. at Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts. New writers come to learn about the craft; experienced writers come to stir up the creative soup and take a break from their regular writing projects.

In this relaxed and casual environment, writers are provided creative prompts and given the opportunity to share their work aloud with others. Averaging about five writers per week, the group is diverse and fun. Freelance writer Leanne Goebel facilitates, providing writing prompts.

Bring your writing tools (pens, paper, notebooks, laptop) and a sack lunch if you would like. The cost if $5 per session and drop-ins are welcome.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1, B-4. Take U.S. 160 to North Pagosa Boulevard, stay on North Pagosa to Bastille Drive (at UBC), turn left and stay on Bastille past Hopi. Shy Rabbit is located directly next to Pine Valley Rental. (GPS coordinates are latitude N37 degrees, 15.193 minutes and longitude W107, 5.074 minutes).

For more information, log onto or call 731-2766.


'Messiah' sing-along needs additional voices

By Carroll Carruth

Special to The PREVIEW

The "Messiah" sing-along sectional rehearsals began Sunday, Nov. 5, and will be held each Sunday afternoon in November in preparation for the annual communitywide Christmas Sing-Along, Dec. 10, at the Community United Methodist Church in Pagosa Springs.

We had our first sectional rehearsal Sunday and it went well; but, we need a few more singers. No experience required!

Anyone interested?

Participation in the rehearsals is not required for participation in the sing-along in December; but the practices are provided, primarily, for those who are interested in participating but have never before sung the choruses from Handel's "Messiah," and for those who do not own a vocal score.

Call Carroll Carruth at 731-5016 for further information.


Fort Collins ceramicist in 'Forms, Figures, Symbols' at Shy Rabbit

By Denise Coffee

Special to The PREVIEW

Fort Collins ceramicist Paul F. Morris, and Chicago fine art photographer Patrick Linehan, are two of the 43 artists featured in "Forms, Figures, Symbols," a juried exhibition of contemporary works, on view through Nov. 28, at Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts.

In this continuing profile series, we take a closer look at the works of Morris and Linehan whose work was selected for this exhibition by juror Gerry Riggs.

Paul F. Morris currently resides in Fort Collins with his fiber-artist wife, Paula Giovanini-Morris. He received his M.A. in ceramics from the University of Northern Colo., Greeley, and his B.F.A. from Colorado State University, summa cum laude, with double studio concentrations in pottery with Richard DeVore, and sculpture with Gary Voss.

Included in the 59 unique pieces on display in "Forms, Figures, Symbols," is Morris's "Stony Arcuated Ewer," 2006, a tall sculptural vessel constructed of stoneware, measuring 29x 7x15 deep. His intensely textural and colorful surfaces are achieved by multiple firings, a process that is highly labor-intensive and time consuming.

"My current work in pottery is characterized by a strongly sculptural, figurative presence," stated Morris.

"The pots I make are sculptural ewers, that is, pouring vessels. Implied uses inherent in the vessel archetype and the interplay of positive and negative sculptural spaces inform my exploration of behavioral reciprocity with my ewers: filling and emptying, giving and receiving, containing and dispensing, communication and understanding."

Morris continued: "I try very hard to make work that is visually interesting/exciting, palpable, and conceptually consistent with the long history of pottery/ceramics while being suitably relevant to the human experience of our time."

Morris' professional roles include teaching ceramics, art appreciation, and drawing at various Colorado colleges, including the University of Northern Colorado, as well as working as an artist consultant for public works projects for the City of Fort Collins. His work has been exhibited in numerous solo, two-person and group exhibitions, and was recently selected for the Best of Colorado Artists exhibition at the Denver International Airport, scheduled in conjunction with the Denver Art Museum's new Frederick C. Hamilton Building opening.

Morris' sculptures and pottery are included in several prestigious publications, including "500 Pitchers: Contemporary Expressions of a Classic Form," by Suzanne J.E. Tourtillott, (Lark Books, 2006).

Patrick Linehan was born in Chicago in 1953, and currently lives in Evanston, Ill., with his wife and three children, where he works as a black and white fine art photographer. Linehan studied with Harry Callahan and Aaron Siskind at Rhode Island School of Design, earning a B.F.A. in photography in 1975, and an M.F.A. from The School of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1980.

Linehan has been a photographer since 1970, and has worked as a commercial photographer since 1981, specializing in architectural, industrial and product photography. "I have always been concerned with how a three-dimensional space translates to a two-dimensional surface", he said.

Linehan made time to create his own artwork while building his commercial business, as demonstrated by several bodies of work that emerged in 1997, including photographs from Greece, Spain, Chicago, and New Mexico. Although he thinks that each photograph stands on its own, Linehan chooses to work in series, often returning to the same location in a conscious attempt to add to his exploration and expression of that place.

"In the more than thirty years that I have been a photographer, I have been drawn to working with landscapes, both natural and man-made", stated Linehan. "Whether working in a wilderness or urban landscape, I am not concerned with documenting a place, but rather with how the environment makes me feel. More than a mere record of these places, the resulting pictures are instead a response to them", he continued.

"My photographs use light, shadow, form and texture to define a space," Linehan added. "Watching and waiting for these elements to come together and using them to express my feelings will, hopefully, result in photographs that allow the viewer to see the world in a new and different way."

Shy Rabbit is showing two of Linehan's black and white fine art photographs in its current exhibition. "Chicago #4" is a carbon ink print taken in 2000, and measures 25x20 (framed). It is part of a series of 26 black and white photographs that make up his Chicago Portfolio. The second photograph, "Milwaukee #8," is also a carbon ink print (the same size as the previous), and was taken at the Milwaukee Art Museum in 2002. It is part of a series of 25 black and white photographs that make up his Recent Architectural Images series.

Linehan's work is included in the collections of The Library of Congress, The Museum of Modern Art and many private and corporate collections.

"Forms, Figures, Symbols" is on display in both the small gallery space up front, as well as the larger 1,000 square-foot exhibition space.

Founded in March 2005, Shy Rabbit continues to transform and expand, recently adding 2,000 square feet of space that will unify the art space into one cohesive 4,000 square-foot facility on the west side of town. Shy Rabbit has hosted numerous art exhibitions, in addition to a variety of educational workshops, artist gatherings, lectures/slide-presentations, and weekly writer's groups.

"Forms, Figures, Symbols" runs through Nov. 28. Regular gallery hours are Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday from 1-4 p.m., and 1-6:30 p.m. on the second Thursday of the month. Visitors are welcome to call or stop by during non-posted hours. Private viewings are also available. Call 731-2766 to schedule an appointment.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, B-1 through B-4, one block north of U.S. 160 off of North Pagosa Boulevard. For additional information, e-mail or visit


'Let's Explore' contemporary art

Gerry Riggs plans to show 160 images of contemporary art during his "Let's Explore" presentation at Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts at 6:30 p.m. Thursday, Nov. 9, beginning at 6:30 p.m. Doors open at 6 p.m. and the presentation will last approximately an hour and a half.

"Let's Explore" contemporary art with Gerry Riggs is one night only, Nov. 9, 6:30-8:30 p.m. Doors open at 6 p.m. with a suggested donation of $10.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1, B-4, west of downtown, and just south of the Pagosa Lakes area. Take U.S. 160 to North Pagosa Boulevard, stay on North Pagosa to Bastille Drive (at UBC), turn left and stay on Bastille past Hopi. Shy Rabbit is located directly next to Pine Valley Rental. (GPS coordinates are latitude N37 degrees, 15.193 minutes and longitude W107, 5.074 minutes).

For more information: log onto or call 731-2766.


How does that work? Lifelong Learning lecture has some answers

By Biz Greene

Special to The PREVIEW

Dr. Chuck Carson brings a light-hearted approach to how things work for the next Lifelong Learning lecture at the Sisson Library on Saturday, Nov. 4, at 3 p.m.

Be prepared for the unexpected as Carson explains why you always end up in a line at the City Market checkout ("the behavior of queues"), why the moon rises at sunset, what makes our cell phones and microwaves and CT scans work, and even such topics from probability as the "let's make a deal" quandary.

Carson brings 32 years of experience in systems research at Sandia Labs figuring out how things work and how to make them work better. He'll be offering us an inside look at the workings of everyday things as well as some from antiquity that we wonder about (the Cliff Palace), and the "learning curve" involved in how we know what we know (or never learn).

This lecture promises to be one of the most unusual and perhaps the most entertaining in the Lifelong Learning series of lectures by the Fort Lewis College Professional Associates.

The lecture is free and open to the public.


Pagosa author releases new book

James Robinson

Staff Writer

Local author Victoria Rose has published her second work of nonfiction, "Apple Cider Vinegar."

The paperback volume, available locally at Wolftracks Bookstore, and published by the "supported self -publishing" house, iUniverse, features the history and folklore of apple cider vinegar, medical research information, medicinal, cosmetic and household uses and information on commercial and home production.

But with scores of titles on the subject, why another book?, Rose asks.

She answers that question in her introduction, "This book answers questions about apple cider vinegar that have not been asked before."

For example, Rose writes, her work includes medical evidence to support why apple cider vinegar is effective for common ailments; includes a discussion about the quality of cider vinegar available to consumers today; and step-by step directions for making apple cider vinegar at home.

The book includes a glossary, and bibliography. References to the bibliographic entries are cited in the text.

Rose's work includes two nonfiction titles and six works of fiction, including a sci-fi romance trilogy.


Remembering family at Christmas

By Matthew Lowell Brunson

Special to The PREVIEW

As the Community Choir is gearing up for our Christmas Concert in December, some of us are reminded of the loved ones we have lost over the years.

The choir is placing a special section in our program this year to remember those we have lost. We would like to invite members of the community who would like to give a $25 gift in honor or memory of friends, family members or events, to support the Pagosa Springs Community Choir. These honorariums will be printed in our Christmas Concert program.

If you are interested, contact Valley Lowrance at 731-9184 for details. All gifts need to be received by Nov. 24.


Fifth annual free Thanksgiving dinner scheduled

Nov. 19

Centerpoint Church (formerly First Baptist Church) of Pagosa Springs will host the fifth annual Thanksgiving Celebration Dinner for the community beginning at 5 p.m. Sunday, Nov. 19.

This event is sponsored by the Missions Committee, the "First Fruits" outreach of the deacons, and by a number of members of the church.

Each year, the church invites those who will not have the opportunity to celebrate the Thanksgiving season with family members, those who are in assisted living homes, those who may not be able to provide a meal on Thanksgiving Day and those who wish to have a wonderful meal with friends and neighbors of the community.

A delicious meal is prepared by members of the church and is free to those who attend. Any person or family who desires to come may call the church office at 731-2205 and make reservations for the dinner.

This outreach program is a way in which the church can help the community celebrate the blessings the Lord has provided in the past year.

Special music will be provided by the Pagosa Springs Children's Chorale.


Precept Upon Precept Bible study

By Laura Manley

Special to The PREVIEW

The next session of Precept Upon Precept, the inductive Bible study pioneered by Kay Arthur, will begin Nov. 20 and will continue until Feb. 1.

The study this session will be on Numbers, the fourth book of the Five Books of Moses.

When the Israelites cried out to God, he raised up Moses to bring them out of slavery and into the Promised Land. The people rebelled and suffered the terrible consequence of wandering in the wilderness. Are you following the Lord to the place where He wants you to be?

Join us for this study of Numbers. The study leader and teacher will be Jerri Anderson, of Grace Evangelical Free Church. Classes will be held at Restoration Fellowship, 264 Village Drive, in the Berean Room and will being at 9 a.m. each meeting day.

The workbook costs $14.50, and you can register to attend by calling the church office at Restoration Fellowship, 731-2937, Ext. 21, by Nov. 14.


Thankfulness as a meditative state of mind

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

On Sunday, Nov. 12, the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Meditation service will explore our understanding of gratitude, and consider how we might embrace the notion of thankfulness as a meditative state of mind.

Leader April Merrilee said "This service will introduce the work of Pema Chodron, an American Buddhist nun and renowned meditation master. We will begin with a section on gratitude from her book, 'Start Where You Are,' which teaches the meaning of the Buddhist slogan, 'Be grateful to everyone.' Following a period of silent meditation, we will share our own experiences of gratitude (or the need for more)."

The service begins at 10:30 a.m. in the UU Fellowship Hall, Unit 15, Greenbriar Plaza. Turn east on Greenbrier Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the back parking lot and look for the big sign. All are welcome.


Jazz in Pagosa with Teresa Ross and The Actual Proof Quartet

By Paul Roberts

Special to The PREVIEW

Elation Center for the Arts presents Jazz in Pagosa with Teresa Ross and The Actual Proof Quartet, 7 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 25, at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.

This will be a rare opportunity to hear an extraordinary jazz vocalist, Teresa Ross, in concert with The Actual Proof Quartet, an exciting jazz ensemble.

Local celebrity John Graves will emcee. Lee Bartley (pianist for Actual Proof) performed with Graves in the great ensemble, Rio Jazz. Graves has another interesting connection to this event: he introduced ECA to Teresa Ross via her stunning CD, "Better Than Anything."

Graves said, "From an artistic standpoint, I think Teresa Ross has everything that any of the great jazz singers of the past have had, along with something new that she's adding." Graves, who has been a professional jazz pianist since 1941, added, "She has an innate sense of showmanship and a style which is exciting and distinctive. She freely expresses herself with humor, emotion and surprise. It makes for a very exciting evening. And when four outstanding musicians back her, it's a combination rarely found these days and one not to be missed if you have a chance."

The Actual Proof Quartet consists of Lee Bartley, piano; Bob Newnam, trumpet and flugelhorn; Bob Cordalis, bass; and Brad Tarpley, drums. They come from Dolores, Mancos and Durango.

Proof members are widely regarded as among the finest musicians in the Four Corners. Bartley's innovative arrangements and jazz solos have graced a long career as pianist, composer, arranger and recording artist. He is also a master piano technician. Bartley took good care of everyone's piano in Pagosa when he lived here.

The flugelhorn is an intriguing element to the mix. The original German spelling of flügelhorn means "wing horn." Miles Davis was a pioneer in the use of the flugelhorn in jazz. It's a type of trumpet that favors the lower notes, so it has a warmer, mellower tone than the trumpet. With Newnam, we get the best of trumpet, flugelhorn and musical artistry. He also raises llamas on his ranch in Mancos.

"Bassist Bob Cordalis has played with just about every kind of musical group in the area," said Graves, "blues, rock, jazz and he was even principal bassist for the San Juan Symphony. His powerful driving beat and inventive solos reflect his versatile background."

Graves also had high praise for percussionist Brad Tarpley: "He can play with subtlety and nuance, or with wild abandon; whatever the style and the arrangement requires.

"I think Teresa Ross could be a great star," Graves remarked as he pondered the many great vocalists in his experience. Graves has always had a vast fondness for great jazz vocalists. The ones he didn't perform with, he made sure he got a chance to see in performance.

"What makes a person great is their style," explained Graves. "The style is what their personal, inner self brings to the music. You get so much of the artist's soul in the way they interpret the music."

When asked what to expect from when this jazz comes to Pagosa, Grave responded: "it's going to be an evening of really rare experience."

Advance tickets, for $12, are available through and at WolfTracks Coffee House. Tickets at the door are $15 for adults and $5 for young people, 18 and under.

Desserts and coffee will be provided at intermission. Please bring a dessert to share if you wish.

Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse is located at 230 Port Ave. in Pagosa Lakes. Take U.S. 160 to Vista Boulevard, turn north on Vista and left on Port.

Elation Center for the Arts serves the people of the Southwest and beyond by cultivating an appreciation for the arts. ECA offers life enrichment programs focused on preserving our cultural heritage. These programs include community concerts; music assemblies and performance residencies for schools; performance opportunities for accomplished and aspiring artists; and classes in the arts for students of all ages and backgrounds. Proceeds from this concert will help support these programs. For more information, log on to or call 731-3117.


Let's play chess, at the ed center

By Renee Haywood

Special to The PREVIEW

Want to learn how to play chess? Want to learn how to play better?

The Archuleta County Education Center is offering a chess club for students in grades five through eight.

Chess is a game of strategy and tactics. Each player commands an army of 16 chessmen - pawns and other pieces (the king, queen, bishops, knights and rooks).

Whether you're a beginner or an expert, Gary Hannemann, our tournament coach, will teach you strategies that will stump your opponent. Chess is a game that knows few boundaries; from the time the game begins, you should remember that every move you make may affect your chances in the endgame.

Concentrate on your immediate plans, as well as your opponent's - but always keep the endgame in mind!

The chess club will meet beginning Friday, Nov. 10, from 1:30-4 p.m. in the junior high school library, and will continue to Dec. 15. Prizes will be awarded to the winners.

For more information or to register, contact the Archuleta County Education Center at 264-2835.


Community center sponsors Festival of Trees

By Mercy Korsgren

Special to The PREVIEW

A new tradition is about to begin: The Festival of Trees.

We invite artists, those with great talents in decorating, sponsors and organizations to participate. Let's fill the multi-purpose room with decorated holiday trees and make this event an annual holiday tradition.

In a nutshell: decorated holiday trees will be on display for a couple of days in the multi-purpose room for public viewing. Then, the trees will be auctioned on the last night of the display and the proceeds will go to the non-profit organization designated by the sponsor.

We need the following volunteers:

- Artists, to decorate trees.

- Sponsors, to provide trees and/or decorations.

This is how the program works:

- The artist and/or sponsor will provide the tree, the decorations and decorate the tree. The non-profit organization that will receive the money from the auction would be encouraged to participate.

- Sign up at the community center by Wednesday, Nov. 29. Purchase your tree (6- to 8-feet tall only) and decorate it at the center. Real trees are preferred, but not mandatory. Decoration of trees will take place Monday and Tuesday, Dec. 4 and 5, from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.

- Trees will be on display from Wednesday, Dec. 6, to Friday, Dec. 8, and will be auctioned off the evening of Dec. 8. Details will be available at sign-up.

For more information, call Mercy at the center, 264-4152, Ext. 22, Janis Moomaw, 264-3010, or Nancy Strait, 731-3427.


Pagosa Health & Wellness Practitioners meet next week

By Sonya Flores Lugo

Special to The PREVIEW

Pagosa Health & Wellness Practitioners will meet at 5 p.m. Monday, Nov. 13, to discuss the cost and parameters for submission to the Pagosa Health & Wellness Directory.

Anyone interested in participating in the directory are encouraged to attend this meeting. Deadline for submission of an entry in the directory is Dec. 10. The directory will be published Jan. 15.

The Pagosa Health & Wellness Directory will organize the health and wellness community into an easy reference 4x9 format similar in size to a rack card, so it can be placed in advertising racks and at the Chamber of Commerce. The directory will list practitioners as well as health and wellness businesses outlines of healing modalities and services.

Pagosa Health & Wellness Practitioners is a network of individuals dedicated to providing education and direct services regarding greater health and well being in mind, body and soul to the community at large, supporting Pagosa Springs as a healing oasis.

The Nov. 13 meeting will take place at 244 Brookhill Drive. Turn onto Pike Drive at Big O Tires, turn right at Rainbow and turn right at Brookhill.

If you have questions, call Arthur at 264-3354 for further directions or call Sophia for information about Pagosa Health & Wellness Practitioners.


Humane Society of Pagosa Springs joins adoption drive

The holiday season is a time to spend at home with your family. The Iams Home 4 the Holidays program is hoping more than 350,000 families welcome furry friends in Pagosa Springs and around the globe during this year's annual adoption drive.

Entering its eighth season, the Iams Home 4 the Holidays international pet adoption drive has placed more than 1 million lucky animals with loving families.

This past December, the one millionth pet was adopted - a cat in Milton, Fla.

Helen Woodward Animal Center started the Home 4 the Holidays adoption drive back in 1999 with 14 animal shelters in San Diego County. Since that time, it has grown to include shelters and rescue groups from around the globe with 1,941 shelters participating last year.

This year, the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs and Helen Woodward Animal Center will team with more than 2,000 animal shelters; Academy Award winner Diane Keaton; Kristen Bell, star of the hit TV show, "Veronica Mars"; and Iams to encourage prospective pet parents to take a shelter pet home for the holidays. This year's adoption drive takes place from Nov. 6, 2006 through Jan. 2, 2007, at the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs.

"I'm honored to be a part of such an enormous lifesaving effort," said Bell. "I applaud all the shelter and rescue groups who have made this program the success that it is. I encourage everyone to consider pet adoption, as I hope it will enhance your life as much as it has mine." During her childhood, the actress took care of a steady stream of foster pets, providing a temporary home so they wouldn't have to spend long stretches of time in kennels. Bell is an adoptive pet parent herself to three dogs, including a black Labrador who survived Hurricane Katrina.

Thanks to its record of success, Helen Woodward Animal Center and Iams were recognized this past year with the Gold Halo Award for Best Environmental/Wildlife Campaign from the Cause Marketing Forum. The Gold Halo Award recognizes programs that provide resources for nonprofit partners, move consumers to act out of a desire to do good and enrich lives. The Iams Home 4 the Holidays program delivers all of these by providing resources for participating shelters, asking consumers to consider pet adoption and finding homes for more than a million orphaned pets.

"As a partner in the Iams Home 4 the Holidays campaign, we are proud to play a part in finding lifelong homes for so many deserving pets," says Amy Newkirk, Iams external relations. "The human-pet bond is enhanced by taking the time to consider which animal best suits your wants and needs, and then provide them with loving environment with appropriate training, a proper diet and exercise."

During this year's adoption drive, each new adopting family will receive an Iams adoption kit containing food samples, coupons and important tips on pet care, behavior, training and nutrition.

"This program improves the lives of orphaned pets and may provide your family with its most loyal member. There are millions of dogs and cats of every size, shape, color and age ready to become part of your family," says Mike Arms, president of Helen Woodward Animal Center and founder of Iams Home 4 the Holidays.

Prospective pet parents can learn more about the Iams Home 4 the Holidays adoption drive by contacting the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs or by calling (800) 421-6456 or visiting or


Harvest Fest goodwill project

By Nancy Burke

Special to The PREVIEW

Harvest Fest at Restoration Fellowship was all about the children.

About 30 kids (kindergarten through high school) came the evening of Oct. 31 for an Operation Christmas Child party that was partly for them and partly for kids they probably will never meet.

Operation Christmas Child is an international project of Samaritan's Purse that delivers gift-filled shoe boxes to children around the world. Last year 7.6 million boxes were collected and distributed worldwide.

Pagosa kids packed about 100 Operation Christmas Child boxes with stuffed animals, toys, toothbrushes and toothpaste, washcloths, soap, and hard candies. Each child included a handwritten note and a photo to the child who would receive the box. All these items had been purchased from earlier donations at the church for Operation Christmas Child. After the boxes were assembled, kids enjoyed a pizza party and entertainment by Calamity the Clown.

If you'd like to be involved with Operation Christmas Child this year, call Nancy Burke at 731-5901. Collection Week begins Nov. 13, and the hours are as follows: Nov. 13 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.; Nov. 14-18, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.; Nov. 19, noon to-4 p.m. Take boxes to the Relay Center at Pagosa Bible Church, just east of North Pagosa Boulevard on Park Avenue.


Volunteer help sought for Daffodil Days

The American Cancer Society is seeking volunteers to help sell daffodils, the flower of hope, for its spring fund-raiser, Daffodil Days.

Volunteers may be individuals, employees who'd like to sell at their place of employment or members of churches and civic organizations.

Through the daffodil, the first flower of spring, this campaign brings a symbol of hope to cancer patients and those affected by the disease that there is a brighter future tomorrow.

Purchasing daffodils for friends, customers and employees can brighten their days, desks or dinner tables, and the proceeds help fund the American Cancer Society's mission to eliminate cancer as a major health problem through research, education, advocacy and patient service programs.

For more information on Daffodil Days 2007, call (970) 247-0278.

For information on cancer, cancer research, advocacy, prevention and detection, as well as patient programs, call 1-800-ACS -2345 or visit


Chuck Bob at the Movies

Summer blockbusters out on DVD

Charles Streetman

PREVIEW Columnist

With the holidays just a stone's throw away, Hollywood studios are finally releasing their summer blockbusters on DVD.

My two selections this week didn't do well at the box office but, surprisingly, they are still worthwhile titles to see. The first is "Monster House," a fresh and clever animated adventure, and the second is "Mission: Impossible III," the frenetically-paced, action-packed third installment in a celebrated espionage movie series.

Halloween may have come and gone, but that hasn't stopped me from taking a look at the critically acclaimed, new animated film, "Monster House."

In every suburban neighborhood there is that one legendary old house that every kid on the block believes is haunted. For young D.J. (Mitchell Musso), living directly across the street from such a house can prove a tad disconcerting. Actually, he is fascinated by the house and its equally creepy and suspicious proprietor, old man Nebbercracker (Steve Buscemi). Watching intently from his bedroom window, the boy observes Nebbercracker scaring away any child who sets foot upon his lawn.

With his parents gone and an irresponsible sitter making his life a living hell, D.J. can only rely on his best friend, Chowder (Sam Lerner), to investigate the matter, and even the friend is skeptical. Things get even eerier when D.J. sets out to prove his theory to his buddy and a confrontation with Nebbercracker appears to kill the old man, leaving his house unattended. Smoke continues to bellow from the old house's chimney, and yet nobody is home. Toys and people who wander onto the property mysteriously disappear.

The boys find that things are worse than they assumed when they learn that the house is not haunted; it's a living, menacing monster that will devour anything that's in the front yard! Quick thinking and a heroic effort saves a young student, named Jenny (Spencer Locke), who is trying to sell cookies door to door. The three kids stake out the house and gather intelligence to prepare them for whatever may happen next. To make matters even more urgent, it's Halloween, and hundreds of trick-or-treaters are on the prowl for treats throughout the neighborhood. D.J., Chowder and their newly-found friend, Jenny, must act fast to prevent the house from going on a feeding frenzy!

Compared to the other animated films of this year, "Monster House" is the most creative and original that I have seen so far. It breaks away from the repetition of unrealistic talking animals and cars voiced by an all-star cast, by focusing on actual human characters voiced by actors who fit the roles - who are fun, funny and honest.

The animation looks great. While consisting of the same motion-capture animation used in past computer animated films like "The Polar Express," "Monster House" doesn't shoot for an extreme detail of realism (which mostly ends up looking creepy) with its characters. The design remains cartoonish, but still maintains top-quality detail.

"Monster House" offers more than many of this year's animated films. It presents a fresh and original story with clever and funny characters and provides a variety of entertainment. However the film may be too intense for younger children, say between the ages of 5 and 9.

The DVD sports a good haul of special features, including director commentary, seven featurettes, a photo gallery and a scene dissection. The DVD-ROM features online links to several game downloads and other activities.

In "Mission: Impossible III" you can see Tom Cruise ("War of the Worlds") run, jump, shoot bad guys, and make that creepy bug-eyed face I hate so much, whenever he tries too hard to cry. But one thing you won't see him do in this movie is win viewers back after his recent media-exploited eccentricities.

To the movie now ... as in previous installments, Cruise maintains his role as IMF agent Ethan Hunt. In the film, Cruise is engaged to his fiancé (Michelle Monaghan, "Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang"), who is oblivious to his life as a secret agent. Retired from active duty, Hunt now finds himself training future IMF agents. But, when his top protégé is taken hostage in Berlin, Hunt doesn't hesitate to assemble a crack team of agents to rescue her. The effort is in vain when the rescued agent is killed during the escape.

Still suffering the loss, Hunt and his team are assigned to go undercover and apprehend the arms dealer the deceased agent was surveying, Owen Davian (Philip Seymour Hoffman, "Capote"), and prevent him from selling a bio weapon called the "Rabbit's Foot" to highest, third world bidder. This is as much of the general plot I can provide without giving away any major spoilers.

While the general plot only makes up about a quarter of the movie, it has more than enough twists and double crosses to keep it fresh, while the bulk of the movie provides the intense, highly-entertaining action and espionage.

While Cruise continues to grunt and smirk his way through the film, deluded into thinking he's actually acting, Hoffman steals the show as the villain Davian. Davian is not a wily, somewhat likeable villain; he's a total sadist, and Hoffman skillfully brings the character to life, further proving his talents as an actor.

"Mission: Impossible III" is pure entertainment. Whether you go for the twisted plot, or the insane action sequences, you'll get your money's worth one way or another. And while the movie eventually turns into yet another sales ad for Tom Cruise, if you can look past that you'll be surprised and satisfied with this thrilling third installment.

Surprisingly, the single disc DVD has a decent collection of features including commentaries from Cruise and Abrams, some deleted scenes and a "making of" featurette. The two disc collector's edition has all this and much more including several featurettes on various aspects of making the film, photo galleries, and much more.


Community Center News

Community party a huge success

By Becky Herman

PREVIEW Columnist

There were least 1,340 people in the community center for our annual Halloween party!

It was a smashing success - there were creepy, romantic, scary, furry, clever and creative costumes everywhere. Stephanie and Richard Castillo's son Ayden was dressed as a fuzzy chicken and so cute that he won the prize for the funniest costume. Ethan and Jonathon Robel, sons of Dawn and Jeff Robel, took the award for the first-place overall; they were dressed as Thomas the Tank Engine and James the Red Engine. Second place overall went to Jasmine and Giselle Moncada, daughters of Rosa and Manuel Moncada; they were dressed as Raggedy Ann dolls. Jim Duncan won third place overall; Jim was a wonderful ghoulish creature. The most creative costume award went to Joseph Buzby, dressed as a pumpkin baby, all wrapped up and connected to his Mom, Jennifer Buzby, with pumpkin vines.

The Halloween party is truly a community effort; we couldn't begin to put it together without your help. Thanks from all of us at the center.

Scrapbook Club

The Scrapbook Club will meet from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. this Saturday, Nov. 11, Give yourself the opportunity to work on those scrapbook pages you keep putting off, or maybe you want to get a jump on your holiday cards. Several of the members have some really good ideas, so stop by and check it out.

Call Melissa Bailey at 731-1574 or the center at 264-4152.

Healthy cooking for Latinos

Laurie Echavarria of San Juan Basin Health was here last week with some healthy cooking tips for Latinos. The attendees viewed a tape and cooked two recipes. The main dish was pupusas stuffed with vegetables. The side was a cabbage salad called Curtido Salvadoreño. Both were delicious - and good for you, too!

Laurie will offer other sessions like this one, all of them will feature healthy and delicious recipes, alternatives to traditional Latino recipes.

Call SJBH at 264-2673 for information about this program, and watch here for details about the next class.

By the way, recipes for the pupusas and the cabbage salad are available at the community center reception desk.

Festival of Trees

The time is right for some creative thinking. Put your special Christmas tree ideas together and call the center to be a part of anew holiday tradition.

We invite all of Pagosa's creative talents to participate. Let's fill the multi-purpose room with decorated holiday trees.

This is how the process works: First, sign up at the center if you wish to participate, then purchase a 6- to 8-foot-tall tree and decorate it here at the center.

Decoration of the trees will take place Monday and Tuesday, Dec. 4 and 5. The trees will be on display for public viewing Dec. 6-8. On the final evening, the trees will be auctioned off and the money will go to a non-profit organization of the artist/sponsor's choice. More details to follow.

Call Mercy at 264-4152, Ext. 22, to share your ideas. She will appreciate any help or suggestions. It is up to you to make this event another annual tradition in our beautiful Pagosa.

Choosing a digital camera

Thinking about buying a digital camera?

Perhaps you're thinking about purchasing one for the holidays.

There's a lot to think about. Demystify the selection process by knowing what to look for. This seminar, led by Bruce Andersen, presents the various key ingredients in selecting a digital camera: image quality and file size, camera features, storage media, battery options and more. This will be a one-hour presentation.

Andersen has conducted other Photoshop classes at the center, and more will be offered in 2007. We are pleased to welcome him to our wonderful group of volunteer teachers and presenters.

This workshop will take place 6:30 to 8 p.m. Monday, Nov. 20, in the south conference room. This is a community center-sponsored program and free to anyone who wishes to attend; donations to the center, however, are always welcome.

Community potluck, free concert

In the midst of your holiday planning, enjoy an evening of original music from The Flying Elmos. Sit and share a potluck with friends, family and newcomers. It promises to be a bright spot of sunshine in the middle of your hectic holiday season.

Mark your calendars now for Dec. 15. Bring your favorite holiday dish to share; main dishes, sides and desserts will be most welcome. We'll have dinner at 6 p.m., and the free concert will start at 6:30 p.m. Doors will open at 5:30, so we can put the food out on the tables. The center will provide the paper products and hot and cold beverages.

There is no charge for this holiday get-together; however, call to let us know you plan to attend. That way, we'll be sure to have seating for everyone.

Yoga class

Without resilience, none of us would survive the accumulated losses and transitions that thread their way through our lives. Resilience is the combination of attentiveness, insight, and choice that allows you to tune into your own hidden resources. Build your resilience now by attending the Center's yoga class.

Thanks to Addi Greer who has agreed to lead the class while Diana Baird takes some time off from teaching. The yoga class is held at 10:30 a.m. Tuesday mornings and lasts for an hour. Bring a yoga mat and dress in comfortable clothing. Call the Center at 264-4152 for more information.

Line dancing

Line dancing will continue through November, then take a break for Christmas and resume in January. Gerry Potticary hopes you will join in for fun and exercise. No experience is necessary.

The beginning dance group meets at 9 before line dancing; this is a very basic class. The object here is to encourage men just to get up and move around the dance floor using some very simple steps of the two-step and waltz. No skill is necessary; the men simply have to be able to walk. It makes their wives happy!

Call Gerry for a free private introduction if interested.

Line dancing rocks on at 10 for beginners, and at 10:30 there is dancing for those who are more advanced. Call the Center at 264-4152 for more information.

Managing Diabetes

The next diabetes group meeting will be at 5:30 p.m. Nov. 16. The discussion topic will be tips for coping with the holidays. Plan to come and bring some of your own ideas to share, especially how you have successfully navigated through difficult holiday situations. This group is designed for diagnosed diabetics, those at risk for diabetes, and also for those who care for or live with diabetics. Call the center at 264-4152 to let us know what types of programs could help you.

eBay Club

I sat in on the last eBay Club meeting during which Ben Bailey and several newcomers looked at and did some research on the value of items they themselves might eventually want to sell. Knowing what the Beatles White Album or an old tune like Come Josephine, in my Flying Machine might earn on eBay helps newbies understand what and how to sell online. Ben is always ready to answer questions and share what he has learned by selling items for our local Humane Society.

Join Bailey on the first and third Wednesdays of each month if you are interested in joining the eBay Club. The meetings begin at 5:30 p.m. and end at 7:30. Call Ben at 264-0293 or the center at 264-4152 for more information.

Computer lab news

A special thank you to Glen and Shirley Cope who donated a computer which will, as soon as all the software is loaded, replace one of the older machines in the computer lab. We are gradually moving toward one operating system in the lab; what a treat that will be when it comes to simplifying administrative tasks.

The regular schedule of beginning classes will resume Nov. 14-15. We'll be talking about keyboards, keyboard shortcuts, and basic windows stuff - moving, resizing, opening and closing.

Call the center at 264-4152 for information about these classes or any of the community center-sponsored programs which are offered free of charge as a service to the Pagosa Springs community.

Center hours

Our fall and winter hours are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday, and Saturday from 10 to 4.

Activities this week

Today - Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; legal depositions, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.; Computer Q&A session with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Chimney Rock, 6-8 p.m.

Nov. 10 - Veterans breakfast, 6 a.m.-12:30 p.m.; Bridge-4-Fun and duplicate bridge, 12:30-4 p.m.; Cloverbuds, 1:30-3:30 p.m.; Teen Center open, 2-8 p.m.; IHM Living Stone meeting, 7-9 p.m.

Nov. 11 - Scrapbook Club, 10 a.m.-3 p.m.; Teen center open, 11 a.m.-4 p.m.

Nov. 12 - Grace Evangelical Church service, 10 a.m.-noon; Church of Christ Sunday service, 10 a.m.-noon; High Roads Baptist Church, 6-9 p.m.; Fairfield Activities information meeting for time-share visitors, 6-8 p.m.

Nov. 13 - Line dancing, 10-11:30 a.m.; senior walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; C team basketball, 3:45-5:30 p.m.; Loma Linda HOA meeting, 7-9 p.m.

Nov. 14 - Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; beginning computing class, 10 a.m.-noon; yoga, 10:30-11:30 a.m.; Tourism Committee meeting, 4-6 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; C team basketball, 3:45-5:30 p.m.; youth basketball, 5:30-8:30 p.m.; Parent Wellness Group, 6:30-8:30 p.m.; Creeper Jeepers, 7-8 p.m.; Wolf Creek Back Country, 7-9 p.m.

Nov. 15 - Beginning computing class for seniors, 10 a.m.-noon; Aikido, 1-3 p.m.; Children's Chorale practice, 3:30-5:30 p.m.; C team basketball, 3:45-5:30 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Weight Watchers, 4:45-6:45 p.m.; eBay Club, 5:30-7:30 p.m.

Nov. 16 - Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; watercolor club, 10 a.m.-3:30 p.m.; Computer Q&A with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; C team basketball, 3:45-5:30 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Four Corners Center for Spiritual Learning movie, 7-9 p.m.

Need a place to have a party or meeting? We have very affordable rooms for small, mid-size and large groups. A catering kitchen is also available. Tables, chairs, a portable stage, a dance floor and audiovisual equipment are available, too. The center is located at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. Call 264-4152.


Senior News

Medicare D reminder for seniors

By Jeni Wiskofske

SUN Columnist

Are you just about to celebrate your 65th birthday and wonder what your options are?

Are you having trouble with a bill?

Call The Den at 264-2167 for an appointment and help will be on the way. Remember, that the Medicare counselors here at The Den are not only available to help you with your drug plan options, but they are also available to help you with your questions about Medicare in general.

Please take caution when you receive a call from an agent with your current plan: sales people sometimes use high pressure to encourage you to change your plan to what they say is something with better benefits.

Use extreme caution, ask questions, never make a decision on the spot, talk to someone you trust and know that our counselors are happy to answer your questions. We have received phone calls from folks that have changed their plans and were told they could simply change back if they were not happy. This couldn't be further from the truth.

Fortunately, we are looking at open enrollment beginning Nov. 15, which will give you the opportunity to possibly change back, depending on the circumstances. Remember, buyer beware!

What Is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition in which the body has trouble making insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls the amount of sugar in our blood. When a person has diabetes, the body makes no insulin, too little insulin, or insulin that does not work right. This result is high blood sugar. Over time, high blood sugar can lead to vision loss or even blindness. It can also harm your kidneys, blood vessels, and nerves. People with diabetes have a higher chance of developing high blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease. The following are risk factors for diabetes:

Heredity: If one of your parents, grandparents, or siblings had diabetes, you are more likely to have the disease.

Obesity: Being overweight increases your chance of developing diabetes.

Age: Your body makes less insulin as you age.

Race: If you are Hispanic, African American, American Indian, or Asian American, you have a higher risk of developing diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes: If you had diabetes while you were pregnant or gave birth to a baby weighing nine pounds or more, you have a greater risk of developing the disease later in life.

Millions of Americans have diabetes, and half of them don't even know it!

People with diabetes may have different symptoms. They may experience all, some, or none of the following: A need to urinate often (even at night); constant thirst or hunger; weight loss that cannot be explained; dry or itchy skin; and skin infections.

For more information, go to or call 1-800-342-2383.

Closed for the holiday

The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center will be closed tomorrow, Nov. 10, for Veterans Day. Have a great weekend and we look forward to seeing you all at lunch next Monday

Allie, the therapy dog

Allie is a West Highland white terrier and is a registered therapy dog.

Visit with Allie and her owner, Kathryn Steen, at The Den Monday, Nov. 13, beginning at 11 a.m. Therapy dogs bring sparkle to a day, provide a lively subject for conversation and rekindle memories of previously owned pets.

Dance for Your Health

Dance for Your Health classes are available at The Den at 10 a.m. Wednesdays. Karma Raley, the dance instructor, enjoys sharing her love of dance and blends basic ballet, modern jazz and jazz dance with yoga awareness to create a full-body routine which makes it possible to work out to the degree you want and/or need to. Wear loose comfortable clothing and bring a mat or towel. Join us at The Den and learn great dance techniques while having a fun time exercising.

Aikido classes

Aikido is a relatively modern martial art, although its roots go back nearly a thousand years to secret techniques of samurai warriors.

The Den offers Aikido classes every Wednesday at 1 p.m. with instructors Bill Trimarco and Lisa Jensen.

Aikido students learn how to redirect an attacker's energy with hand techniques, and train with the wooden sword and short staff. Aikido is beneficial for health, coordination, stress relief and character with the goal of bettering oneself rather than trying to be better than an opponent. Sign up with The Den if you would like to participate in November classes.

Visually impaired persons support group

The monthly meeting for folks with low vision, and their supporters, will be at 11 a.m. Wednesday, Nov. 15. Susan Kimbler from the Southwest Center for Independence leads this informative support group. Call 259-1672 for more information. Kimbler will also be available in Arboles Thursday, Nov. 16, providing a table of information on the VIPS group. Learn what they do, and how they can help you or someone you love.

Annual flu shots In Arboles

Annual flu shots will be provided by San Juan Basin Health Department 10 a.m. -noon Thursday, Nov. 16, at the Catholic Church in Arboles (which is the lunch site for The Den's meals in Arboles.)

The flu shots are for priority groups who are most likely to get serious complications from the flu which include: elderly, 65 years or over; residents of long-term care facilities; persons between 2 and 64 years old with underlying chronic medical conditions; people with diabetes; babies and toddlers between 6 and 23 months; pregnant women; health care personnel who provide direct patient care; and household contacts and out-of-home caregivers of children less than 6 months old.

Medicare and Rocky Mountain HMO are accepted and will cover the cost of the flu shot, but you must bring your card with you.

For all others, the cost for the flu shots is $25 per person, either cash or check. For more information, call San Juan Basin Health Department in Pagosa Springs at 264-2409.

Thanksgiving meal in Arboles

Thanksgiving Day is a time to offer thanks, a time of family gatherings and holiday meals. The Den will celebrate Thanksgiving in Arboles Thursday, Nov. 16, with a Thanksgiving feast at lunch, (reservations are required by Tuesday, Nov. 14). So, come one, come all, and help us be thankful and celebrate the friendship, the bountiful food, and the pleasure of being a part of our extended family down in Arboles.

Pajama Day

Friday, Nov. 17, is Pajama Day at The Den, so jump out of bed, don't change those clothes and come on down to The Den for lunch. Keep those PJs on so you can win a prize for the most authentic sleepwear display. Hair rollers, slippers and bath robes look great and will win prizes for those who participate. Remember, the sleepier and more comfortable you dress, the better the chance you'll get your photo in the paper. Pajamas are the style, because here at The Den we are really wild!

Viola and guitar

Kate Kelly, our very own Ginger Kelly's daughter-in-law, is a talented musician.

Kate has been playing the viola for more than 20 years and is a music instructor here in Pagosa. Kate, accompanied by Truett Forest on guitar, will join us at The Den at 12:45 p.m. Friday, Nov. 17, to entertain us and share the lovely music of stringed instruments.

Birthday celebrations

If you are age 60 or older and your birthday is in November, come to The Den Friday, Nov. 17, for lunch and celebrate your birthday. Seniors Inc. has graciously agreed to pay for a portion of your birthday meal, so it will cost only $1 for a great lunch and lots of fun. Remember to let us know it is your birthday when you check in at the desk.

Fund-Drive for The Den

The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center has experienced consistent growth over the last couple of years. Our meals and transportation services, our activities, and the ASI membership have increased tremendously.

As of September 2006, we had served 7,661 meals, delivered 1,593 meals to those in need, and have provided 3,977 rides this year. And this does not take into account all of the activities now available at The Den, like the enjoyable Mystery Trips.

As you can see, we provide great support to you and our community. Please help us continue our excellent service and continually improve how we meet the needs in our ever-growing community, by donating your tax deductible monies to the Silver Foxes Den. (Any amount is greatly appreciated.) We thank you for your contribution, your support and your patronage here at The Den.

Meals on Wheels

By Sheila Berger.

The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center Home Delivered Meal program began several years ago in order to serve at least one well-balanced, hot, nourishing meal a week to the elderly and disabled population who are unable to travel from their home (commonly referred to as "home-bound").

This program is modeled after the Federal Meals on Wheels program, and is highly successful due to the volunteers who deliver the meals. There are currently 16 homebound clients being served by this program, with room for more.

The volunteers, each who sees their clients at least once a week, play a role that far surpasses that of a mere delivery person. They have developed important relationships with their clients and their visits are in many cases the high point for that client's day. They may chat, catch up on family, share pictures and memories of Pagosa's past. In some cases, the volunteer may intervene in an emergency situation.

Such was the case last summer. Two-year volunteer Jarrell Tyson was making a delivery to one of his clients and as he drove up to the house, he saw his client lying helpless in the front yard. He had collapsed and was unable to get up or reach anyone for help. Jarrell attempted to help him up but his client's legs would not cooperate, so Jarrell called 911. The client was taken to Durango where he was placed on new medication. The following week when Jarrell came by, he was back home, looking great and said he was feeling better than he had in a very long time.

If you are interested in making a difference in someone's life and in our community, please call The Den at 264-2167 and volunteer to deliver meals. Just one hour of your time a week can bring a smile to someone's face, provide friendship and company, and mean the world to someone who needs a little support. Please volunteer now and help our seniors who are homebound.

From Archuleta County, a huge thank you to our caring and dedicated volunteers.

More thanks

I want to thank everyone who helped with the November newsletter mailing. Special thanks to Jackie Schick, Mae Boughan, Ruth Bankhead, Dody Smith, Marcia Fergusen, Marilyn McPeek and Marge Sanders for all the folding, stapling and labeling. I don't know what I would do without all of your help. I really appreciate it.

The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center would like to thank Bonnie Nyre from Slices of Nature for her endless generous contributions. Most of our prizes for our contests and parties are donated by Slices of Nature. At our recent Halloween costume party, we awarded 13 great prizes, all thanks to Bonnie and Slices of Nature. So thank you from all of us here at The Den for adding something special to our events.

Calling all bridge players

Bridge-4-Fun and duplicate bridge players are welcome at The Den Mondays and Fridays beginning at 12:30 p.m. Come on down to The Den to meet great people, play some cards and have some fun.

1,000 members

Congratulations Archuleta Seniors Inc. Jane Krawitz was the 1,000th member to sign up for a membership with ASI. This is the most members in the history of Archuleta Seniors Inc. A big thanks to the ASI Membership chair, Lorrie Church, and the rest of the ASI board members for working so hard to meet this long-term goal.

Activities at a glance

Thursday, Nov. 9 - The Den is closed.

Friday, Nov. 10 - The Den is closed for Veterans Day holiday.

Monday, Nov. 13 - Susan Stoffer, nurse and counselor, available 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; visit with Allie, the therapy dog, 11: a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30 p.m.

Tuesday, Nov. 14 - Yoga, 10:30 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; canasta, 1 p.m.; Medicare counseling by appointment only, 1-3 p.m.

Wednesday, Nov. 15 - Dance for Your Health class with Karma Raley, 10 a.m.; basic computer class, 10 a.m.; Visually Impaired Persons Support Group (VIPS), 11 a.m.; and Aikido class, 1 p.m.

Thursday, Nov. 16 - Arboles Day. Lunch served in Arboles (reservations required.) Annual flu vaccines in Arboles, 10 a.m.-noon; $1 birthday lunches and the Thanksgiving celebration meal, noon. The Den is closed.

Friday, Nov. 17 - Pajama Day. Gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; $1 birthday lunch celebrations, noon; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30 p.m.; duplicate bridge, 12:30 p.m.; music with Kate Kelly and Truett Forrest, 12:45 p.m.; Seniors Inc. board meeting, 1 p.m.


Suggested donation $3 for ages 60-plus and kids 12 and under; all others $5.

Salad bar available every day at The Den beginning at 11:30 a.m. Menu subject to change.

Friday, Nov. 10 - The Den is closed for Veterans Day holiday.

Monday, Nov. 13 - Chicken cacciatore, oven potatoes, Italian veggies, plums and whole wheat bread.

Tuesday, Nov. 14 - Braised beef, mashed potatoes, glazed carrots, tropical fruit and whole wheat roll.

Wednesday, Nov. 15 - Tuna macaroni salad with veggies, cucumber salad, orange Jell-O with bananas and drop biscuit.

Thursday, Nov. 16 - Lunch served in Arboles (reservations required). Roast turkey with gravy, corn bread dressing, cauliflower and broccoli with cheese, cranberry, whole wheat roll and pumpkin nut birthday cake.

Friday, Nov. 17 - Roast pork with gravy, mashed potatoes, oriental vegetables, apricots and peaches, dinner roll and birthday cake.


Veteran's Corner

Veteran's Day remembrances tomorrow and Saturday

By Andy Fautheree

Scott White's Pagosa Springs Junior High School eighth-grade class will host its annual breakfast for veterans from 7:30 to 10:30 a.m. tomorrow, Nov. 10, at the community center on Hot Springs Boulevard.

The breakfast is a school function and will be held during the school day Friday instead of Saturday. All veterans are invited to attend this breakfast as the eighth-grade class pays tribute to all of our local veterans.

There is no charge for the breakfast. This has become an annual event by the eighth-graders as part of their history studies. These youngsters will honor veterans, interview them and serve them breakfast. If you see an extra big grin on my face while I attend the breakfast it will be because my daughter, Andrea, will be participating this year as an eighth-grade student.

All veterans are encouraged to attend the breakfast and support the good work and effort of these students as they honor veterans. I plan to attend and wear my Navy blues "Cracker Jack" uniform. I challenge as many veterans as possible to show up in their uniforms too.

Active duty military

Current active duty military personnel that might be home on leave, or families of active duty personnel, are especially invited to all the Veteran's Day activities. We want to salute you.

American Legion

Plans are also underway for a Veteran's Day program to be held at the Legion building Saturday, Nov. 11. An 11 a.m. flag-raising ceremony will be held, accompanied by uniformed honor guard salute. Following the flag ceremony there will be an official flag disposal ceremony. The annual Rueben Marquez Patriotic Essay contest winners will be announced at this time by Marquez family members. The colors will be lowered at 5:30 p.m.

A potluck supper will be held at the Legion Hall at 1 p.m. The Legion Auxiliary Unit will assist with food preparation. All who attend are asked to bring a main, side or dessert dish to share with all. I can attest personally that these Auxiliary ladies really know how to put on a great potluck dinner. I plan to be there and I hope you do too.

Public invited

All veterans and family and friends are invited to all of these Legion activities, regardless of membership.

This is about a public salute to all veterans, not about Legion membership. Of course, I'm sure with some arm-twisting the American Legion will gladly accept membership enrollment to qualified veterans. These folks do a great community service organizing holiday veteran salutes, parades, maintenance of veteran graves at our local cemetery, and working very closely with me to obtain grant money to assist our veterans with VA Health Care transportation.

There is no charge for any Veteran's Day event. Please come and salute and support our veterans and active duty personnel who may be in attendance while our nation is at war, maintaining our security. All current and former military personnel are asked to wear their uniforms to all events.

11th hour

If the 11th hour of the 11th day, of the 11th month sounds familiar, it is the time and date the WWI Armistice was signed, ending that terrible conflict in the early 20th century. Veteran's Day was originally called Armistice Day, but was changed by act of Congress to Veteran's Day, to honor all veterans of all wars.

Fuel money

Don't forget to stop by my office for reimbursement of your fuel and overnight accommodation receipts to VA health care appointments. We are currently reimbursing 100 percent of your VA Health Care travel expenses. Also, help a fellow veteran who may be going in the same direction to the same VA facility and give me a call if you can provide, or if you need, transportation. I will keep a calendar of who is going where to coordinate this important program.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is located at 400 South Camino Del Rio, Suite G, (next to Big 5 Sports). Phone number is 247-2214. Albuquerque VAMC phone number is 1-800-465-8262.

Further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits, call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office located at 46 Eaton Drive, Suite 7 (behind City Market). The office number is 731-3837, the fax number is 731-3879, cell number is 946-6648, and e-mail is


Library News

Library offers more than 80 magazines and newspapers

By Carole Howard

PREVIEW Columnist, and the library staff

One of the lesser known benefits of your free library card is access to more than 80 different magazines on a wide variety of subjects, plus selected local and national newspapers. All are located in a comfortable reading area to the left of the front door at the south end of the building. Here is just a sample of the wealth of topics and titles available at the library:

Arts: Art & Antiques plus Southwest Art. Business: Chief Executive Officer plus Fortune and Forbes. Computers: PC Magazine, Wired and MacWorld. Crafts: American Patchwork & Quilting plus Vogue knitting magazine. Do-It-Yourself: Fine Homebuilding and Handyman. Family: Baby Talk plus Parenting. Finance: Smart Money plus Chief Financial Officer. Gardening: Organizing Gardening and Sunset. General interest: Reader's Digest (regular and large-type) plus Utne Reader. Health: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine plus Johns Hopkins Medical Letter. Home: Architectural Digest plus Martha Stewart Living. Lifestyle: Country Living plus Oprah and Vanity Fair. Pets: Cat Fancy and Dog Fancy.

Then there are Spanish-language magazines like Latina and Selectiones (Spanish-language Reader's Digest). There are lots of cooking magazines including Bon Appetit, Cooking Light, Food and Wine, Gourmet and Taste of Home. There are several current events magazines like The Economist, Time, Newsweek and The Week. There are magazines relating to outdoor activities like Audubon, Colorado Outdoors, Field & Stream plus Horse and Rider. And there are all sorts of other special interest magazines including Air & Space, American Heritage, Atlantic, Consumer Reports, Discover, Mother Jones, National Geographic, People, Smithsonian, Sports Illustrated and Wine Spectator.

Newspapers available are The Pagosa Springs SUN, Durango Herald, Denver Post, New York Times and Wall Street Journal.

Current issues of magazines and newspapers must be read in the library. Previous issues can be checked out for three weeks, the same timeframe as a book. We hope you'll come in and take advantage of these and other subscriptions too numerous to list to keep up to date on topics that interest you.

Lifelong learning

Mark your calendars for Dr. Chuck Carson's light and informative look at gadgets and systems on Nov. 18. All Lifelong Learning events are free. They take place at 3 p.m. on selected Saturdays in the library. This is the last Lifelong Learning event of 2006, but they have been so popular that organizer Biz Greene promises a new series in 2007, probably in March and April.

In Memoriam: Kate Terry and Robert Wilson

The library has received additional generous monetary donations in honor of Kate Terry from Joyce Aronson, Lenore and Gil Bright, Nancy Cole and Will Dunbar, Ron and Cindy Gustafson, Merilyn Moorhead, William Moran and Eugene and Patsy Zesch. As well, Lenore and Gil Bright made a contribution in the name of Robert Wilson, son of long-time library volunteers Margaret and Jim Wilson.

New non-fiction: Politics and terrorism

A well-known conservative and liberal each have published controversial books that, given their strong views and depending on your opinions, may make you nod in agreement or become angry.

John W. Dean, of Watergate fame, has written "Conservatives without Conscience" about what he calls a radical shift in the programs and politics of the Republican Party.

Ann Coulter's "The Church of Liberalism" examines the ramifications of what she says is liberal hostility to traditional religion and a cause that has become in effect a religion itself.

A new edition of "The Power Elite," by C. Wright Mills, analyzes the key sources of power in the U.S. - the military, the corporate world and politicians.

"The One Percent Doctrine," by Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Ron Suskind, takes you deep inside America's battles with violent, unrelenting terrorists.

Lawrence Wright's "The Looming Tower" is a detailed, heart-stopping and thoughtful account of events leading up to 9/11.

More non-fiction: Sewing machines, color and design

Expert sewing author Elizabeth Dubick offers "101 ways to use your first sewing machine," a must-have reference guide to the basics.

"Color Theory Made Easy," by graphic designer Jim Ames, gives artists clear information and a new theory of primary colors to aid in paint selection.

"Color Mixing Bible," by artist Ian Sidway, contains practical advice on choosing a palette of colors. "Color: A course in mastering the art of mixing colors," by Dr. Betty Edwards is written for the novice in color as well as more experienced artists and designers.

"Living Homes," by Suzi Moore McGregor and Nora Burba Trulsson, is a lavishly illustrated book featuring more than 20 different houses and the stories and pictures of their owners and architects.

Fiction: Science-fiction, angels and crime

New to our shelves is the latest Dune novel, a vast and fascinating series beloved by science fiction lovers. "Angel's Rest" is an engrossing first novel by Charles Davis about a boy living through the horror and mystery of his father's death who discovers that angels do exist. "Thief of Souls," by Ann Benson, tells of two crime waves separated by nearly 600 years, both involving children and both solved by women.

Juvenile fiction

"The End," the last in "A Series of Unfortunate Events" by Lemony Snicker, concludes the history of the Baudelaire orphans.

"Lion Boy: The Truth" is book three in this best-selling trilogy by Zizou Corder.

"Chinese Cinderella and the Secret Dragon Society" is the latest by best-selling author Adeline Yen Mah.

"The Breadwinner," by Deborah Ellis, tells of the highly restricted lives of young girls and women in Afghanistan where the Taliban run most of the country.


Arts Line

Visit the PSAC Members Gift Shop

By Linda Strathdee

PREVIEW Columnist

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council Members Gift Shop will be open for the next three weeks at the Town Park gallery, 315 Hermosa St.

All pieces in this show are original, handcrafted and produced by members of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. You will find original artwork, photographs, woodworking, hand-painted silk articles and more.

Plan to stop by the gallery and get a head start on your holiday shopping.

Fabric art lecture at Creede

Local artist Jeanine Malaney will present "Painting with Fabric," a one-hour lecture on her unique technique of paint and fabric collage. The presentation will be held at the Baptist Church in Creede at 11 a.m. Tuesday, Nov. 14.

Jeanine will introduce a step-by-step technique, and discuss choice of fabrics, paints and threads. Several of her fabric paintings will be on display. Jeanine recently exhibited in Taos, Durango, Ouray and Pagosa, and previously in Arizona. She is also known for her watercolor artwork and was selected for the 2006 PSAC Juried Fine Art Show.

You can see originals at her Web site Prints of her art will be for sale at the PSAC Gift Shop this month.

Pagosa Pretenders at library

Pagosa Pretenders Family Theater, a division of PSAC, offers its "Pretending Books and Stories" program the second Saturday of each month at the Sisson Library. The goal is to promote reading and creativity.

"Pretending Books and Stories" is free to the public and appropriate for all ages.

Photography club

The photography club meets the second Wednesday of each month during the club year, from September through May.

Interested photography enthusiasts are welcome to attend at no charge for the first meeting. Any and all are invited to join for $20 annual dues.

For more information, contact club president Larry Walton at 731-2706 or


"Nuncrackers" will be playing at the Pagosa Springs High School Auditorium at 7:30 p.m. Nov. 30-Dec. 2, with a 2 p.m. matinee Dec. 2.

Tickets will be available at the Plaid Pony (731-5262) or at the door. Adult tickets for "Nuncrackers" are $15; seniors are $12 and students/children 18 and under, are $6.

PSAC workshops

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council sponsors and manages workshops in the arts and crafts space at the community center. From the outset, the Arts Council has been a partner and supporter of the community center.

We started the workshop program in 2002 and it has grown substantially since that time.

Workshops provide those who want to teach a skill a chance to do so and, at the same time, give our residents a place to learn something new - whether it is watercolor, acrylic, oil, drawing, photography or the like. The space also provides a home for the photo club, watercolor club and a meeting location for various other groups.

If you are interested in teaching a workshop or class, call the gallery in Town Park for a workshop application form (264-5020) or download the form from our Web site, If you are a resident and have ideas and suggestions for a class or workshop we haven't offered, please let us hear from you.

The Arts Council mailing address is: P.O. Box 533, Pagosa Springs, Co., 81147 or e-mail

To date, all of our workshops have been held during the day. Would evenings work better for you? Would you prefer a series of classes?

If you would like to see the Arts Council offer workshops in either of these formats, call PSAC at 264-5020 and leave your name and number and we'll touch base with you.

Seeking new members

Started in 1988, The Pagosa Springs Arts Council, a non-profit organization, was conceived and developed to, in part, promote the awareness of the vast array of local artistic talent, provide educational and cultural activities in the community, sponsor exhibits and workshops by local and regional artists, and encourage and support continued appreciation and preservation of the aesthetic beauty of Pagosa Springs.

If becoming involved with such a dynamic organization excites you, we hope you will consider becoming a member or perhaps even volunteer. If you have questions or would like more information on joining, call the PSAC office, 264-5020.

PSAC Calendar

All PSAC classes and workshops are held in the arts and craft space at the community center, unless otherwise noted. All exhibits are shown at the PSAC Town Park Gallery, unless otherwise noted. For more information contact PSAC at 264-5020

Through Nov. 22 - PSAC Members Gift Shop.

Nov. 30 - Dec. 2, Music Boosters production of "Nuncrackers," high school auditorium.

Jan. 15-17 - Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett workshop, Beginners I - The Basics of Watercolor.

Jan. 18 - PSAC open house, community center, 4-7 p.m.

Jan. 22-24 - Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett workshop, Beginners II - Building Blocks of Watercolor.

Jan. 29-31 - Pierre Mion watercolor workshop.

Feb. 12-14 - Soledad Estrada-Leo's, Big Little Angelos Workshop.

Feb. 19-21 - Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett workshop, Intermediate - Using Photos, People and More.

Artsline is a communication vehicle of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council, courtesy of The Pagosa Springs Sun. For inclusion in Artsline, send information to PSAC e-mail ( In the subject area of your e-mail, please write "Artsline." Your attachment should be in a Microsoft Word file document format. Images should be limited to 2 (300dpi, 5x7 inches in size) and sent as a separate (individual attachments) e-mail. You can also mail a CD of images.


Food for Thought

Pirates, cow poop, and breakfast burritos

By Karl Isberg

I know something is wrong the instant I walk into the lobby.

For one thing, there's the smell of pine oil-based disinfectant.

I thought that stuff had been outlawed by the EPA a decade or so ago. We used to dump gallons of it in the latrines at Boy Scout camp, knowing that, while it probably produced wildly-malignant tumors in lab rats, it was the only substance known to man that would kill whatever lurked in those dark, unspeakably polluted holes in the ground.

Second, I was tipped off by the sign: "America's Absolute Best American-Owned Lodging Suite Establishment, Bill and Luanne Kim, your hosts. Delicious breakfast our specialty."

Alas, I come to my senses too late.

Luanne meets me at the front desk.

She is gracious, oh yes. But, we need an interpreter.

Then, lurking just beneath the scent of pine oil I detect the unmistakable odor of garlic. Not just any old garlic, no sirree. Kimchee garlic.

Despite the fact that I am a kimchee fan (I love stewed kimchee, with pork) my best instincts tell me to run.

I do not.

Finally, "Bill" strolls out of the office behind the front desk where "Luanne" labors on my tab for my overnight visit. Bill carries a mug full of steaming heaven knows what and, on his shoulder, rides a huge parrot. The parrot takes one look at the chubby, gap-toothed fool on the other side of the counter and sets up a deafening racket.

Dear lord, I am about to stay in a 50-year-old motel run by Korean pirates.

In Greeley, Colorado - feed lot capital of the universe.

All the signs are present, the omens are obvious, the bad mojo is here by the truckload.

This is going to be difficult.

I am here for a high school volleyball tournament.

I am a high school volleyball fanatic, and have been for twenty years. You can have your football, your basketball (merely an indoor activity for ectomorphs that allows the kids to wear short pants and scamper around a gym during winter months) - I love volleyball. Right along with wrestling, it's my favorite school-kid sport.

I have driven more than 300 miles to get to Greeley and to the America's Best American-Owned Lodging Suite Establishment."

I have a ferocious case of bus butt, and I am in hell.

My room, No. 50, is reached via a flight of rickety metal stairs. A busy highway runs past the front of the motel (and, in this motel, everything is at the front) not thirty feet away. To add to the sonic luster, a train track runs parallel to the other side of the highway. If you didn't know, trains are required by federal law to sound their horns as often as possible as they pass through inhabited areas.

My room is sumptuously appointed with a rumpsprung bed with sheets and covers that appear to have been imported from a hobo jungle, and with a shag rug - in two different patterns, one pattern on the swath on one side of the room, the second pattern on a swath next to it, the two hunks of space-age synthetic fibers separated by a gap of an inch or so. The carpet harbors an abundance of tiny wildlife. I know this because the little critters use the gap in the carpet as their portal to a world rich in dry skin and assorted bodily fluids.

The bathroom?

No need to discuss it.

I am here because this is where our illustrious school district has seen fit to house our girls' volleyball team.

Only the best for Pagosa's kids.

I sleep fitfully, since the sheets crackle every time I move. Thank goodness I have a 1975 20-inch Samsung TV to keep me entertained. No doubt, Bill has a relative in the electronics business.

The next morning, I adjourn to the dining area and find a seat next to one of two pool tables in the cigarette smoke-saturated space. I enjoy a hearty meal with the girls: packets of instant oatmeal, Little Debbie snack cakes and "fresh fruit" (it appears to be a banana). The girls stare vacantly at the fare. After all, they've had to sleep two to a bed and they have three volleyball matches to play during the day. They no doubt appreciate the well-designed nourishment.

Only the best, from our school district.

I had originally booked into the "suites" for two nights. However, I locate my gracious hostess, "Luanne," and attempt to explain to her that I have received a call from my cardiologist and I must hasten to a Denver surgical hospital for a transplant. As a result, and unfortunately, I will be unable to stay a second night. Ms. Kim seems befuddled but she agrees and I hustle out of the joint before she can change her mind.

"Good luck with your new heart," she yells.

I wave. Feebly. I don't need to fake it. As I step outside the motel, I encounter the Greeley air. Some people in northern Colorado call the smell given off by huge feedlots and slaughter houses "the smell of money."

I've smelled plenty of money, and this ain't it. This is the smell of cow poop, plain and simple. And the air is thicker here than in other, less bovine places. You have to elbow your way through it

I hold my breath and realize I need a better breakfast. Granted, the girls on the team need a decent breakfast more than I do, but they are being tended by our local school district.

Only the best for them.

I spot the joint across the street.

And I spot my pal, Butch, scurrying into the cafe.

The Gear Grinder Grill - Open 24 hours - Truckers Welcome."

Ah, my kind of place: promises of grease and gravy and all things porky good. I impose myself on Butch and proceed to bore him with all manner of pretentious babbling about volleyball.

It's appropriate. After all, look at me. I mean, who else would possess intimate knowledge of a sport that relies on height, speed, finesse?

Butch takes no risks - a pile of hash browns, a couple strips of overdone bacon, a single egg, over easy. A piece or two of toast.

Me, I see something that piques my interest: "The Grinder Breakfast Burrito." It is touted as the "Big Daddy of breakfast burritos - smothered in Colorado's best green chile."

I order it.

I am stupid, and weak.

I get what I deserve.

The waitress needs a dolly to deliver the burrito. It is massive, looking for all the world like a python that's swallowed a puppy. And it is covered in this stuff.

Part of the "stuff" is some kind of highly-industrial, cheeselike product. The rest of the "stuff" is an odd, somewhat clear, brownish-green tinted substance in which particles of gray, green and red matter are suspended.

It's "Colorado's best green chile!"

It is a cornstarch-bound, sour mess, slopped atop a stale flour tortilla that is wrapped around teeny chunks of cold, water-pack ham, greasy, overdone hash browns and a grossly abused material I am sure the cook refers to as "scrambled egg."

I should have stayed at the motel. With the girls. Gnawing on three or four stale Little Debbie snack cakes.

I sit in the stands at the high school gymnasium and the breakfast revisits me periodically throughout a very long day.

At the end of the tournament, I pick up my daughter, Ivy, who is a coach for the high school team, and we skeedaddle. To Fort Collins. To stay with our pal Sara and her husband, Jack, at their new house. We have a nice meal at a downtown Italian joint and turn in.

I lie in my bed and my mind turns to the day just finished. And to the poor kids on the team who must return to the motel, where a rip-roaring Mexican wedding party is in full gear in the "convention center."

Sleep tight, my angels.

Only the best for you.

My thoughts also turn to the disaster that the Grinding Gear Grill made of a classic breakfast. One of my favorite breakfasts. A breakfast that, if need be, can be eaten in transit, one hand on the wheel, the other clutching a soft tube of darned good eats.

The breakfast burrito.

First, it should not be smothered in chile.

That's best saved for other items, in other circumstances.

Second, the tortilla should be fresh, and heated.

Here's how to make a humdinger.

Peel a russet or two; halve them and cook in boiling, salted water until fork tender. Drain, and dry. Cube.

Over medium high heat, saute a batch of chorizo in a bit of olive oil (or lard, if you happen to have a hunk occupying space in the fridge). Under no circumstances should you read the list of ingredients printed on the package of chorizo! This is one instance in which governmental regulations are counterproductive - a brake on the pleasure bus. Avert your eyes. Just open the package, crumble and saute; do not ask what's in it! Know that the pig gave its all for the product, respect the sacrifice, and move on.

When the chorizo starts to turn color and brown up a bit, toss in a bit of minced white onion and continue cooking. When the chorizo is done and the onion is translucent, toss in a clove or two of chopped garlic. Cook for a moment more (do not let the garlic brown, or the whole process is ruined) and remove the mix from the pan to a bowl.

Add a touch more oil (or lard) to the pan and, while it heats, lightly dust the potato cubes with flour, seasoned with salt, pepper, a bit of oregano and some red chile powder. Shake off the excess flour then toss the spud cubes into the hot oil and crisp them up. Remove and put with the chorizo mixture. If you happen to have a couple strips of roasted green chile available (and who doesn't?) toss them in the pan to warm them then put them with the sausage and potato.

Finally, lower the heat under the pan to medium-low and crack a couple large eggs into the pan. Cook them sunny side up, keeping the yolks to about 65 degrees - the ideal yoke temp. Forget everything you've read about salmonella. We're eating here!

Take a warm flour tortilla and lay it on a flat surface. Put a major-league portion of potato, chile and sausage down the middle of the tortilla and top it with the two fried eggs.

Pierce the yolks and lightly mix the runny gold emulsifier into the melange beneath. Sprinkle on some shredded jack cheese and roll the tortilla into a tube, tucking in the ends.


It only gets better if you have the time and inclination to eat it with a fork, off a plate, in which case you can slather it with salsa fresca, the salsa full of tomato, chiles, onion, garlic and cilantro.

Next time I make a trip to cow poop land, I think I'll take a cooler loaded with these beauties, and a bottle of an excellent southern Rhone red blend.

No doubt, I can find a motel in northern Colorado with a microwave in the room.

I'll call the administration office at our school district. They'll know a place.


Extension Viewpoints

Join us for fun on GIS Day

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Nov. 10 - Extension Office closed.

Nov. 10 - 2:15 p.m., Wolf Creek Wonders Club meeting.

Nov. 14 - 4 p.m., Junior Stockman Club meeting (at Extension Office).

Nov. 14 - 6 p.m., Rocky Mountain Riders Club meeting.

Nov. 15 - 10 a.m., Garden Club meeting.

Nov. 15 - 4 p.m., GIS Day - Geocaching Farewell.

GIS Day 2006

One and all are welcome to come and join the Archuleta County Extension Office for an official GIS Day activity.

We will be sending off our second 4-H Travel Bug for an official geocaching mission. The mission: travel fast and far in the 4-H CYFERnet Travel Bug Race. Our 4-H Travel Bug will be awarded points for every cache that he stops at and is logged in at.

So look out world here comes Archie! Join us at 4 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 15, for refreshments as we celebrate this momentous occasion in Archie's life as a travel bug. Contact the office for more information about GIS and 4-H at 264-5931.

Join 4-H today

Archuleta County 4-H is now ready for 2006-2007 enrollment.

4-H is a community of young people, across America, learning leadership, citizenship, and life skills. Here in Archuleta County, we are very excited to have such dedicated clubs and project leaders ,year after year.

A few of the projects being offered this year are Archery, Ranch Horse, Scrapbooking, Knitting and Quilting, Vet Science, Foods and Nutrition and Coin Collecting.

If you are interested in learning more about 4-H then drop by the office at 344 U.S. 84 at the fairgrounds or call us at 264-5931. There are programs available for youngsters ages 5-18.

Master Gardener Breeze Training

The Colorado State University Cooperative Extension will be offering the Colorado Master Gardener Program in Pagosa Springs via Breeze Technology, starting Jan. 30.

The Colorado Master Gardener Program is an 11-week training program designed to provide the public with information about fostering a successful home garden in Colorado. People interested in participating in the Master Gardener Program need to contact the Cooperative Extension Office at 264-5931 for an application. Applications will be taken until Dec. 1.

House plant health

Seventeen elements are essential for plant growth. Plants use more nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium than other elements, but growth is limited when a plant lacks any one element. Other essential elements include calcium, magnesium, iron, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, manganese, copper, boron, zinc, molybdenum, sulfur, chlorine and nickel.

Plants that grow rapidly use these elements more quickly than slow-growing plants. Potting soils generally lack nutrients essential for plant growth, but a regular fertilization program will compensate for this nutrient deficiency. Many strengths and forms of fertilizer are available including granular, liquid and slow- or quick-release. For best results, look for fertilizer made specifically for the particular kinds of houseplants you have. Or, you can use a general all-purpose, complete fertilizer. Fertilization rates and frequency of application vary by manufacturer, as well as season. Always follow label instructions. Using slow-release fertilizers will help plants remain healthy.

Over-fertilization may be a problem and lead to excess salt buildup. In addition, excess salts may build up causing a white crust to appear on the potting soil or the pot. Leach the potting soil in the container several times with clear water to help alleviate this problem.

The most important factors for plant growth are light, temperature and humidity. The environmental conditions of your house often vary and may require additional lighting and humidity.

The indoor environment in Colorado can be harsh for many plants. For example, certain plants native to humid, tropical rainforests may require special consideration when they reside in your Colorado home. In contrast, many plants native to arid, desert conditions may thrive with our low humidity. However, most plants do not adapt and grow well indoors.

Temperature is important for growing plants successfully indoors. Although plants tolerate temperatures that are slightly lower or higher than ideal, it does affect growth and quality. The temperature preferences of indoor plants are categorized as cool, intermediate and warm. Cool is 40 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit, intermediate is 60 to 75 degrees and warm is greater than 75 degrees.

Humidity - the level of moisture in the air - can affect a plant's need for water. Plants use a process called transpiration to release water into the atmosphere through tiny openings in their leaves. High humidity slows this water loss. Plants grown indoors with low humidity lose more water through transpiration, so their root systems require more water.

During colder months, heating systems common in Colorado circulate dry, warm air throughout the house. Likewise, during the summer, air conditioning systems circulate dry, cool air. Both of these conditions create an environment that often has less than 10 percent humidity. This is a drastic reduction from the 70 to 90 percent relative humidity levels found in the native climates of most tropical plants. In addition, plants located near heating or cooling vents may develop leaf spots or brown tips.

Misting plants may help alleviate this condition, however, it must be done frequently to be effective, and it may promote some foliar diseases. A better solution is to place several plants together on a tray filled with gravel. Filling the tray with water provides the humidity many plants need. But make sure the bottom of the container does not stand in water, because the soil will become waterlogged and cause root damage. Using other humidification devices or hosing down the floor around your plants may also help.


Pagosa Lakes News

Come see, use resurfaced pools at rec center

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

This is an invitation to property owners in Pagosa Lakes to come by the recreation center to see the newly resurfaced pools. We - members and staff - are pleased with how well the project turned out. We hope to get many years of enjoyment out of this new fiberglass pool surface system.

I would like to thank our members for their patience through the duration of the project. You were understanding of the harsh odors and on the very last day, you put up with yet another interruption when the main water line to the building broke.

A large number of the lap swimmers had expressed their pleasure with this past week's cooler water temperature of 79-80 degrees. Although that is a very comfortable water temperature for lap swimming, it is a tad too cool for water exercises and for young children and the elderly with smaller body mass.

As a multi-use pool, a range of water temperature between 83-85 degrees seems to work best for a majority of users. Here's a bit of trivia: it takes eight full days to bring 80,000 gallons of cold tap water up to 84 degrees.

Another PLPOA project, the rebuilding of the parking lot at the association administration building, is two-thirds completed at the time of writing this column. Here again, many thanks for your patience. Our wet weather of the last couple months is ill-suited for parking lot construction.

A blood drive will be held on Monday, Nov. 13, from noon-4 p.m. at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. To schedule an appointment for donating blood, please call Gloria Petsch at 731-5635, Ext. 24, e-mail, call United Blood Service at (970) 385-4601, or go online at (sponsor code: pagosapoa). Wow, so many choices - pick your favorite. Gloria is encouraging all you healthy folks out there to donate some of your blood and be a blood hero.

A special board meeting will be held on Monday, Nov. 13 to review the 2007 budget for all PLPOA departments. The meeting will start at 9 a.m. in the administration office conference room and property owner attendance is welcomed and valued.

Many thanks to members of the Pagosa Lakes Swim Team for picking up trash in the core area. This is a good time to clean up around your neighborhood before the snow arrives.

Belated congratulations to Diane Aabery who ran a 25K race in Durango on Oct. 7. This race offered both a 25K and a 50K distance - all on trails - and according to Diane, was "loads of fun and simply beautiful." She would very much like to run this race again next year, and hopefully with a group of other Pagosa runners. This trail run preceded the half-marathon/full marathon on Sunday, which was well-supported by eight runners from Pagosa.

The Turkey Trot is back again for Thanksgiving morning at 10 a.m. Since Thanksgiving has traditionally been a day spent eating with family and friends, consider adding the trot to the day's schedule. All proceeds will go to the Pagosa Lakes Swim Team. If you sign up early, it's only $20, but on race day, it's $25. There is also a family registration - for immediate family members and up to a maximum of five - for $50 (or $60 on race day). The entry fee includes a race T-shirt, an opportunity to get some exercise before the big meal and a chance to show your support of the swim program for our local youngsters. The trot consists of a 5-mile run or a 2-mile walk, starting and finishing at the recreation center. Baked goods will also be available for sale after the race. Registration forms are available at the recreation center.

The PLPOA monthly board meeting will be held at 7 p.m. today in the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. Members and observers are encouraged to attend. Public comments are heard at the beginning of the meeting. The directors will be discussing long range planning for the association. A motion will also be made to approve a boat registration program to take effect in 2007. Input from owners is valued and welcomed.


 Business News

Chamber News

Parade of Stores and community lighting spectacular

By Mary Jo Coulehan

SUN Columnist

Not wanting the grass to grow under our feet, we decided to change and enhance the community holiday activities this year.

So, get ready Pagosa area shoppers, the Parade of Stores is coming to town for your shopping pleasure on Saturday, Dec. 2, in conjunction with Santa gracing the Visitor Center with a visit, and with a community holiday lighting project.

Because it has been difficult in the past to get together at least six floats for the Parade of Lights - traditionally held on the second Friday in December - we have decided to cancel this event. There will be no Parade of Lights on San Juan and Pagosa streets this year, but let me tell you how great the other events are going to be.

We book Santa far in advance to come to the Visitor Center to visit with the children. He will be at the Chamber from 3-5:30 p.m. Dec. 2. Of course, he will have some of his elves there, and we will offer cookies, punch and hot drinks to all visitors.

Before, after or during Santa's visit to the Visitor Center - from 2 to 6 - we invite everyone out to participate in the Parade of Stores.

Here is what awaits our shoppers. The downtown area will be divided into two sections: the downtown district from 6th to 4th streets, and the east side, which includes stores from 3rd Street to the River Center.

Shoppers will be able to pick up a punch card from any participating store. They can visit or shop the stores and get the card stamped. If they collect a certain number of stamps, they can drop off their card at any of the participating stores during the evening, and they'll have a chance to win a beautiful gift. You do not have to get your card stamped at every store or at stores in both sections of town in order to enter.

Of course, we would like you to visit both areas to see what our local merchants have to offer. So, if you get your card stamped at a store in the east-end section, you will only be entered into a drawing at a store in that section. If you qualify in both sections, you will be eligible for a drawing in both locations.

The stores will be going all out for this event, so it is a perfect opportunity to get started on your holiday shopping. Many of the merchants will offer specials, as well as provide a very festive atmosphere, and you will be able to pick from the cream of the crop of merchandise for the holiday season. The stores will also be decorated to the hilt, and that leads us to the next part of this special day.

Instead of just lighting the Chamber, as has been done in the past, we are going to try and create a downtown area community lighting. Starting around 6th Street we will light San Juan and Pagosa Streets, one after another, in an eastward direction.

We haven't yet determined how we'll notify the businesses, but you can bet it will be a dramatic sight as you drive downtown. The town lights, the lights at the Visitor Center, and at The Springs, the cross and star and lights at many businesses all the way to the River Center will be lit in sequence, or close to it! OK, so we may be a little Keystone Cop-ish this first year, but it is an attempt to put some pizazz into the lighting and decoration of our beautiful community.

We also want to do something similar with a Parade of Stores and lighting on the west side of town the following weekend, so watch out for more information.

We are pleased to have the cooperation of the town in our effort to light the whole community and we thank all the merchants who are so supportive of this event. We hope everyone will come out to enjoy a special day in our town, see some beautiful lighting and support some of the businesses in Pagosa Springs. Come out and shop, stop by the Visitor Center and find a spot to watch the lighting. We will have more information in weeks to come, so watch for posters in participating stores, articles her in The SUN, and stay tuned!

START program begins soon

After a successful session earlier this year, the Hospitality Skills Training Program or Skills, Tasks and Results Training (START) will return to Pagosa Springs Nov. 28.

Classes will be held Tuesday and Thursday evening from 6-9:30 p.m. at the high school.

This real-world program provides students with the knowledge and skills needed to begin a hospitality career. Graduates of the program will complete intensive classroom and hands-on training to master the skills of 12 line-level positions associated with the lodging industry.

You can sign up for the whole program, or any of the three modules: an intro to guest service and hospitality; rooms division to include front desk, reservations and PBX; and food and beverage.

The class is free and there will be breaks for the holidays and at spring break.

For more information, contact Connie Eckerman in Durango at 385-4354 or Kathy Saley at

Taking a class such as this gives you great public relations skills training, problem solving skills, and puts you in a position to move up the hospitality job ladder potentially quicker than someone who does not have this sort of preparation. If you have children who are job ready, this class could be the START of a career in one of the fastest growing industries around.


Don't forget we have an early SunDowner this month, due to the Thanksgiving holiday.

November's SunDowner will be at the Archuleta County Education Center on Lewis St. There will be music by John Graves, giveaways and, of course great food.

Not only will you have fun, but you will learn about all the things going on at the Ed Center these days. Come to the Education Center Wednesday, Nov. 15. SunDowners are open to members and invited guests.

For more information, please call the Chamber at 264-2360.

New members and renewals

We have one new member to report this week. Mike Thomas of Southwest Hardwood Flooring is located at 301 N. Pagosa Blvd., Suite B-4, and can be reached by calling 731-3580 or 946-6297. He has a full-service showroom, featuring the most extensive selection of antique and custom wood flooring, millwork and laminate. Mike has 30 years installation experience. He offers a free, heated warehouse for storage. Thank you Karen Thomas, of Oasis Graphics, for this referral. Welcome Mike.

Renewals this week include Lois Erickson of Adobe Abodes; Durango Magazine publisher of southwest Colorado's premier lifestyle magazines; Bruces' Snowshoe Lodge and B&B; Firefly Ranch; Our Savior Lutheran School; and The League of Women Voters.



Cards of Thanks

Hospice of Mercy

Hospice of Mercy would like to thank the Pagosa Page Turners for volunteering to take over the responsibility for and maintenance of the Pagosa Springs Hospice Memorial Garden. The Pagosa Page Turners are a group of 14 women belonging to a local book club. This fine group offered to give their time and labor towards the upkeep of the Hospice Garden, and have personally funded a third of the garden which had not yet been planted when they took over. Jeanine Malaney, a member of the Pagosa Page Turners and a Hospice volunteer, would also like to acknowledge the help of two master gardeners, Laren Traver and Mary Webb. With the efforts of the book club and the two master gardeners, the Hospice Memorial Garden, located at the Chamber of Commerce along the San Juan River, has never looked better!

Civic Club Bazaar

Once again, the community came out by the hundreds for our annual Civic Club Bazaar last Saturday. We want to thank all of you who came and supported our Club and our crafters with your purchases. Also, we appreciate the volunteers - Rotary Club members for set-up, our own family members, the community center staff, the many area businesses who helped with our advertising, and all the friends who pitched in to help in so many ways. The proceeds from this festive event will support Ruby Sisson Library's programming and materials purchases. We already have 44 of our spaces prebooked for next year, and we look forward to providing this annual experience for you Saturday, Nov. 3, 2007.

Music Boosters

Pagosa Springs Music Boosters would like to offer a huge thank you to everyone who danced, sang and played the night away at "The Purple Orchid Room," in support of our Hallow-Swing big band dance event and fund-raiser. First, our musicians, dancers and vocalists, who blew us away with their sound and professionalism: Bob Hemenger, Larry Elginer, John Graves, Lee Bartley, Dan Fitzpatrick, Walt Lukasik, Debbee Tucker, Johnny K., Kim Judd, Sue Anderson, Jeannie Dold, Deb Aspen and Charles Jackson. Thanks also to Wildflower Catering, Amy Dunmyer, Joann Irons, KWUF and The SUN.

And to our loyal volunteers, who always go above and beyond: Candy Flaming, Amber Farnham, James Kirkham, Honor Nash Putnam, Ken and Linda Morrison, Betty and Dale Schwicker, Judy Nicholson, Sue and Ray Diffee. Could never do any of this without your help.

Purple Ribbon campaign

We would like to recognize the following people and organizations who made our first Purple Ribbon Campaign Against Domestic Violence an amazing success. First and foremost, Joanne Irons for initiating and coordinating the entire project. Next, all you fantastically cool kids from Junior Rotary, Archuleta County High School and Cross Country Running Team. Coach Scott Anderson and Danielle Sullivan for supporting the effort. And last, but most definitely not least, the Town of Pagosa Springs, including Jim and Drew for the use of the trees - none were injured, most proudly waving purple for a good cause. Thank you.

Archuleta County Victim Assistance program advocates and board

Halloween party

Here are just a few of the folks who made this year's community center Halloween party a success. Mercedes Leist, Marilyn Stewart, Patti Theisen, Shonna Gomez, Bill Norton (great job on the maze, Bill), Veronica Johnson, Christa Casler, Bonnie Van Bortel, Karma Raley, Judy Case, Judy Cole, and Ann Conkey helped with the party setup. BootJack Ranch, Helen Hoff and Will James, Century 21 Realty, Galles Fine Properties, and Colorado Land Title Co. all donated money to help with party expenses.

The Halloween Party is truly a community effort; we couldn't begin to put it together without your help. Thanks from all of us at the center. Check this space next week for more thank yous.


Thank you to all the gymnasts, parents and sponsors who participated in the annual Cartwheel-a-thon at Pagosa Springs Gymnastics. This year, students were able to raise enough money to purchase a solar heater provided by Arrowhead Solar Project to heat their 5,000 square-foot facility. Thanks for your support.

Outdoor club

The San Juan Outdoor Club sponsored its ninth annual Ski and Sports Swap on Saturday, Oct. 28. We had our biggest Swap ever and wish to thank the many customers who attended and bought goods, the eight businesses who supported the Swap with their merchandise and their time, and the many members of the Outdoor Club who worked to make it possible. We believe it served its purpose of providing outdoor goods (often second-hand goods) to the community at reasonable prices. It also raised funds for our college scholarships for local high school seniors.

We wish to note especially the gracious contributions of the Humane Society Thrift Store. They provided us their cash registers and credit card machine for that day. Diane Owens also gave her time for the day to guide our use of the check-out machinery. This is a good example of one non-profit helping another, and we are grateful to the Humane Society for their help.

Fred Reese

President, San Juan Outdoor Club



Joe and Carol Davis

Joe and Carol Davis will celebrate their 50th wedding anniversary Nov. 16, 2006.

Joe retired in the summer of 2000. He was international traffic manager and worked for Butler Mfg. Co. for 44 years. Carol, a homemaker, loves to decorate and teach various crafts. They have two children: Todd Davis lives in the old Diehr farmhouse in Nevada, Mo. Todd has one daughter, Sarah Grace Davis, Carol and Joe's only granddaughter. Their daughter Jill and son-in-law Verne K. Covell III are building a home west of Grandpa Diehr's lake. Carol and Joe also have a step-grandson, Weston Covell.

After retiring, Carol and Joe moved to Pagosa Springs, and built a new home.


Sports Page

Pirates get revenge against Holy Family with 3-1 win

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

With a loss to St. Mary's of Colorado Springs in the first match of the tournament, Pagosa's regional volleyball hopes would hang on a win over the Holy Family Tigers, from the Metro League.

The task would not be easy; at last year's regional tourney, the Tigers beat the Pirates 3-1.

This year, Pagosa turned the coin and kept hopes alive with a 25-18,17-25, 25-18, 25-23 victory.

The teams were evenly matched, and the games were close throughout.

Pagosa took an early 4-2 lead in the first game with two kills by senior middle hitter Jennifer Haynes, a kill down the right sideline by Alaina Garman and a hit by Camille Rand that fell inside the block.

The advantage was short-lived as Holy Family capitalized on a sluggish Pagosa back-row defense to go ahead 5-4.

The Pirates then managed a run of six unanswered pints and went ahead to stay. Holy Family gave away three of the points; Rand moved to the middle to hit successfully; senior outside Kim Fulmer scored from the strong side and senior middle hitter Danielle Spencer converted on an errant Tiger pass.

Pagosa expanded the lead to 20-11 and seemed on the way to an easy win.

But, when you get to matches with one of the 16 best teams in the 50-plus Class 3A, nothing is particularly easy. The Tigers used two stuff blocks, an ace, a kill and a Pagosa hitting error to close the gap to 20-16.

Rand countered with a kill cross-court, but gave away a point with a serve fault. Rand moved to the right side and put a ball down off the Tiger block. The teams traded points with miscues; Spencer stepped to the serve line, scored with two aces and the game was Pagosa's.

The Pirates raced to an 8-3 lead in the second game, with Kim Canty hitting an ace and scoring with a kill, Garman putting a ball down from the right side and Rand scoring inside the Tiger block. But, Holy Family also began to score points; the teams tied at 13, 14, 15 and 16 before the Tigers went ahead for good. Holy Family scored with a tip and a stuff block, Garman replied with a kill down the line; Holy Family led 18-17 and it appeared Pagosa might make another comeback.

It wasn't to be. A Tiger kill fell inside the block and a Pirate hitting error gave up a point. Pagosa's back row disappeared and the Tigers got three points off the hands of Pirate blockers. Two Pirate backcourt errors helped the Tigers to the win.

Game three saw Pagosa gain a 3-1 lead only to surrender it to the Tigers. The teams tied at 6-6 and 7-7 before the Tigers put two aces down and got a raft of gift points to go ahead, 14-8. Garman killed cross-court, but Holy Family got a point on a stuff. A Tiger miscue and an ace by Haynes kept the Tigers lead at four points, 15-11. Holy Family continued to exploit a porous Pirate back row, but gave away points with hitting errors.

With the Tigers in front 18-14, Pagosa made its move. A serve error gave the Pirates a point and Spencer stepped to the line.

She didn't leave.

A Holy Family attack went out; Fulmer killed off the block and the Tigers committed three hitting mistakes to give away points. Spencer hit an ace, Haynes crushed a Tiger overpass; Spencer served another ace,

A Tiger put the ball into the net and, after two great ups by Pirate defenders, Haynes tipped for a point. Pagosa was at game point 24-18 and Spencer ended it with yet another ace serve.

After leading throughout the first part of the fourth game, it looked as if the Pirates would slip and fall. Pagosa led 13-11 when things went temporarily south.

The Tigers got a point with a ball hit out of the Pagosa block, then received a charity point on a Pirate hitting error. A Pirate passing error and a ball hit out gave Holy Family a 15-13 advantage and a stray Pirate pass was put to the floor by the Tiger middle hitter.

Fulmer put the brakes on the Tiger run with a kill from the right side and a Holy Family hitting error surrendered a point. The Tigers then scored with a hit that rolled off the tape. Camille Rand killed off the block; the Tigers scored with a ball out off Pirate blockers' hands.

Holy Family led 18-16 and it was a race to the finish.

Pagosa won the race.

Two Tiger hitting mistakes gave away points and the game was tied.

Rand tipped for a point, but a Pirate serve went into the net and the game was tied 19-19.

Spencer came up big in the middle, scoring off the quick set. Rand hit a serve that appeared to be long, but a Tiger touched it and the Pirates had a 21-19 lead. A Tiger hit went into the net in the face of Pirate blockers and Pagosa was ahead 22-19.

Pagosa surrendered a point with a player making contact with the net, but a Tiger serve went into the net and another Tiger hit found net as the Pirate blockers put up a wall. Pagosa was at game and match point 24-20.

Holy Family wasn't finished. The Tigers scored with a kill and got two points as the Pirate quick attack went awry on successive exchanges.

With Holy Family threatening, Fulmer ended game and match with a kill that went off the hands of a Tiger back-row player and out of bounds.

"It was tougher than it looked," said Pirate Coach Andy Rice of the win. "We lost some of our composure halfway through the match. But, we also had some tremendous performances: Rand, Fulmer and Garman hitting from outside, and Spencer with six ace serves. In the end, we realized the importance of the match, and we got the win over a team that had beaten us at last year's regional tournament."

Rand put 10 kills down against the Tigers. Fulmer had nine.

Canty logged 19 assists; Erin Gabel had eight.

Canty and Haynes each had a solo block.

Spencer served six aces, Rand four.

Libero Iris Frye had 19 digs, Rand had 12.


Pirates drop first regional match to St. Mary's, in five

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

The Pirates' first match at the regional tournament hosted by Valley High School was an early-morning affair, against an opponent the program has faced many times at regional and state tournaments - St. Mary's, of Colorado Springs.

The two teams battled through five games, with St. Mary's emerging victorious 25-17, 20-25, 25-17, 23-25, 15-10.

Much the same story held for each win in the first four games: whichever team fashioned a significant run of points through midgame won the contest.

Such was the case in the first game as St. Mary's went out front from a 2-2 tie with a run of eight unanswered points. Three of the points came on ace serves; the majority resulted from a flat-footed Pirate back row. Pagosa never caught up.

Alaina Garman carried the mail for the Pirates against St. Mary's. The senior outside hitter came up strong again and again from the right side. Garman got Pagosa's third and fourth points with a kill and a tip, and senior middle hitter Jennifer Haynes put an ace serve down. Pagosa's points would come in twos and threes from there on. Unfortunately, so would St. Mary's. On the way to the first-game loss, the Pirates got points on two kills from Kim Fulmer from the right side, two kills from the middle by Haynes, a tip by junior outside Camille Rand and an ace by senior defensive specialist Mariah Howell. The Pirates made too many errors and gave away too many balls in the back row to pull close enough to make a run.

In the second game, however, it was Pagosa's turn to make the early-game surge. With St. Mary's leading 4-2, the Pirates turned the momentum. Haynes killed a 1 from the middle and, after St. Mary's gave up to points with errors, she put two ace serves down to give her team a 7-4 advantage. St. Mary's surrendered four unearned points, scored with a tip, and Garman killed cross-court. Pagosa was up 11-6.

Danielle Spencer converted a quick set in the middle, but the team from Colorado Springs managed to close to within two points, 12-10. Fulmer responded with a kill; Garman put a left-handed kill down and St. Mary's continued to make mistakes. With a successful tip by Rand, Pagosa was in front, 18-14.

St. Mary's was not giving up. A hit went out off the Pirate block and another St. Mary's attack went down the line. The Pagosa advantage was again two points, 18-16.

Rand replied with two scores - a kill for the right side and an ace. St. Mary's came back with two. With the Pirates ahead 21-19, Haynes scored off a short set in the middle, Garman killed from the right side and a St. Mary's went out. The Pirates gave up one last point with a ball out of bounds off the short set but St. Mary's committed a passing error and the Pirates had the win.

St. Mary's runs in game three gave the team the advantage it needed to regain the match advantage. St. Mary's went ahead 5-0 at the start of the game then, leading 10-7, ran off eight unanswered points to take a significant lead, many of the eight points coming as a result of sluggish back-row play on Pagosa's side of the net.

Fulmer stopped the bleeding with a tip, but St. Mary's responded with a point. Garman scored again from the right side and a Pirate stuff put another point on the board. St. Mary's got a ball to roll the right way off the tape, Rand came back with a kill inside the block, the St. Mary's strong side hitter went line.

St. Mary's had a substantial 21-11 lead, but the Pirates were not rolling over. St. Mary's committed a hitting error, Rand killed twice for points, a St. Mary's attack went out and Garman hit an ace. Pagosa had closed to 21-16.

Again, St. Mary's went line, then got a point on a tip of an errant Pagosa pass. A Pagosa attack out of bounds put St. Mary's at game point. After a hitting error on the other side of the net, a Pagosa serve mistake handed over the game.

The one exception to the pattern in the match happened in the fourth game. St. Mary's overwhelmed the Pirates in the first half of action, taking the early 9-2 lead then stretching the advantage to 16-4. As in the previous games, many of the St. Mary's points were gifts from a lax Pirate back row.

Normally a 16-4 lead is enough to carry a team to a victory, especially at the regional level.

Not so this time. Pagosa got several gifts from their opponents and earned points from Spencer on a solo block, on an overpass hit to the sideline, and on two aces by Rand. Pagosa was trailing 17-11.

Kim Canty hit a ball down off the block and St. Mary's committed a hitting error. The St. Mary's setter dumped the ball to an empty spot on the floor and killed for a point. St. Mary's led 20-15.

Fulmer scored a point for Pagosa with a kill down the line but a Pagosa serve error put St. Mary's ahead 21-16.

Pagosa got a charity point on a ball hit out of bounds and it began a seven-point run featuring an ace by Haynes, two kills by Rand and a ball hit out off the block by Garman. Another St. Mary's hitting mistake put Pagosa in front, 23-21.

A Pirate into the net gave away a point and a St. Mary's hitting error allowed the Pirates to move to game point, 24-22.

Canty ended the comeback with a kill to give Pagosa the 25-22 victory and force the match to a fifth game, to 15.

And there is where the early run of unanswered points returned to haunt the Pirates.

Pagosa took a 3-0 lead using an ace by Canty and a point scored by Haynes as she won a battle for the ball above the net.

Pagosa botched a pass, the lift surrendering a point, then lost a point on an hitting error. St. Mary's scored twice with stuffs of Pirate hitters then scored with a soft shot to an empty spot in front of the Pagosa back row. The St. Mary's middle put a short set down and a Pirate attack went out. St. Mary's had a 7-3 lead.

Pagosa would not catch up, despite two kills by Rand (one from the middle) and a tip of a quick set by Spencer. The 15-10 loss - the second consecutive regional loss to the Colorado Springs team - put Pagosa at 0-1 in the four-team, round-robin tournament.

"It took us too long to find our rhythm," said Pirate Coach Andy Rice. "It took a full game to find that rhythm and our confidence. We didn't seem ready for the pressure that you encounter at regionals. In game two, we had a much better effort, but we let off in the third game. We found our rhythm again midway through the fourth game and we had a great comeback, a great effort."

Rand had a tremendous match on offense, with 12 kills. Garman was close behind, with 11 kills against St. Mary's.

Canty had 25 assists during the match, Erin Gabel eight.

Haynes hit four ace serves, Rand three.

Haynes also scored with four solo blocks during the match.

Iris Frye had 10 digs, Howell had eight.


Pirates' season ends with loss to Valley Vikings

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Pirate volleyball team entered the regional tournament at Gilcrest as the second seed, by virtue of a district championship the week before.

The regional volleyball tournament host team, Valley High School, entered the tournament as the highest-seeded team, by virtue of a Patriot League championship, a district title, and a 20-2 record.

By the time the two squads met in the final match of the tournament, Valley had breezed through 3-0 victories over St. Mary's and Holy Family. The Vikings had barely broken a sweat against their first two opponents and the team was headed to Denver as one of the final eight teams in state competition

Pagosa came to the match 1-1, with a win over Holy Family and a loss in five games to St. Mary's. The Pirates needed a victory over the Vikings in order to advance to the state Class 3A event.

To do it, Pagosa would need to do something few others had managed against a Valley team that started three freshmen and only one senior - an all-state setter. They would have to play flawless volleyball. That is what it takes to beat the Vikings, the No. 2 ranked team in Class 3A, behind the legendary Colorado Springs Christian Lions.

Valley does nothing flashy. The Vikings play consistent, precise defense, exhibit a superb passing game and an equally fluid and well-distributed attack. Their ploy: let the opponents make the mistakes, then finish them off when the opportunity arises.

Unfortunately for the Pirates, that is just what the Vikings did Saturday, to take a 25-17, 25-13, 25-22 victory and end Pagosa's season. The Pirates gave the Vikings a tussle in the final game of the match, but mistakes made the difference.

Pagosa got off to a quick start in the first game, building a 4-0 lead as Kim Canty stunned a normally solid Viking serve receive with two aces; but the home team rebounded quickly, scoring five unanswered points.

The teams tied for the final time in the game at 9-9. Junior outside hitter Camille Rand put a kill down off a block, but Pagosa mistakes continued to hand over points.

The Vikings led 15-12 when a six-point explosion - four of the points unearned - expanded the advantage to 21-12.

Canty scored with a hit that fell inside the Valley block but the Vikings came back with a quick attack from the middle and got a point on a Pirate passing error.

Senior middle hitter Jennifer Haynes put a short set down and a Valley hit went out of bounds. A Pirate serve went into the net and the home team was at game point, 24-15. Pagosa got two gifts from their hosts before a Viking attack from the middle fell to the floor off the block.

Pagosa led once in the second game of the match, going ahead 3-2 as Haynes put an off-speed hit down off a quick set to the middle, Alaina Garman scored from the right side and Haynes stuffed a Viking hitter. Valley took a 5-3 lead and didn't look back. The Viking serve receive tightened up and the Valley defense closed down any tip game from the Pirates.

Rand killed from both sides of the net and Kim Fulmer put a hit out off a Viking's hands. Pagosa trailed 12-7. The Vikings then went on a seven-point run, leading 19-7 before an attack went out and returned serve to the Pirates.

Canty hit an ace, but a serve into the net put the Vikings in front 20-10.

Haynes scored with a soft shot off the 1, Danielle Spencer converted a Viking overpass and Rand hit inside the block; the Pirates were behind 22-13 - a distance nearly impossible to close in a regional tourney game.

Valley moved quickly to the victory as Vikings killed for a point, put back a stray Pagosa set and stuffed an attempted tip.

To the Pirates' great credit, there was no quit in the team and, but for another midgame run of unanswered Viking points, Pagosa might have taken the third game from their hosts.

The Pirates took a 4-3 lead as Canty swept a pass to the floor and Haynes hit a short set to the back line. The teams tied at 6-6 when Rand killed off the Valley block. A stuff block by Canty and an ace by Rand put the Pirates in front 8-6, but a Valley stuff and a Pirate hitting error knotted the score again. Pagosa went ahead 9-8 on a Valley serve into the net.

That is when the Vikings took the opportunity to put a bit of distance between them and their foes. Using stuff blocks and kills that went out off the Pirate blocks, the host team led 14-9.

The Pirates did not retreat. Instead, Pagosa rallied for four unanswered points. Kim Fulmer got a kill off the block; Canty served another ace; Fulmer took a set from Haynes and hit down the line; Garman got a ball to drop off the top of the net. The Viking lead was cut to one point, 14-13.

The momentum was halted dead in its tracks with a Pirate serve that went out. The Pagosa back row failed to move on a Viking serve and Valley scored with an ace to the back corner. A Pirate passing error gave Valley a 17-13 advantage.

Pagosa responded with three two-point rallies. A Viking hit went out and Haynes got a point with an ace. Valley got points on a quick attack from the middle and an ace from a Pirate serve-receive mistake. Rand killed off the block then hit successfully to the back line. The Pirates trailed 19-20 and the Valley fans were a bit nervous.

The Vikings responded with a kill of a quick set in the middle, and Pagosa surrendered charity points with a ball hit out and a passing error.

Spencer put another point on the board for the Pirates, successfully converting a quick set in the middle, but Valley came right back to go to game and match point with a ball that went down the net to a open spot on the floor.

A Viking serve into the net made things interesting, closing the gap to 24-21. Fulmer kept the Pirates' hopes alive with a kill from outside, but those hopes ended with a Viking stuff block for the final point.

"We probably put too much pressure on ourselves," said Pirate Coach Andy Rice. "We beat ourselves in games one and two. That's part of their (Valley's) game - they let you make the mistakes and put yourselves in the hole. In game three, we were right there with them; but we had probably expended too much in the first two games. I think they knew, though, that we were a pretty good team. They knew we could be dangerous."

Rand finished her season with seven kills, Haynes ended her Pirate career with four.

Canty, also playing her final game for the Pirates, served four aces in a great performance against a high-quality back row. Canty and Haynes each had one solo block against the Vikings.

Canty put up eight assists in the match, Erin Gabel, also a senior, had eight.

Libero Iris Frye, in her final match in a Pirate uniform, contributed five digs; senior Mariah Howell had three digs in her final career match.


Pirate harriers have banner season, with strong prospects next year

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

The 2006 Pirate cross country teams were dominant in their region, while individual Pagosa runners raked in the medals throughout the season.

The two teams combined for a medal count of 35, including team and individual performances.

The boys' team earned six silver medals during the season, including the Intermountain League race, and beat the field at the regional race in Monte Vista. At state, the crew - Jackson Walsh, Travis Furman, Aaron Miller, Logan Gholson and Chase Moore - finished a strong sixth.

The girls were several steps ahead of every other team in the region, claiming five first places (including victories at league and regional races), two seconds and one third. At the Mancos meet, the girls swept the podium, while at the Pagosa Invitational, they swept the top four places. They repeated this accomplishment again at the regional meet, with an unheard-of perfect team score.

Notably, the girls' team won the silver at state with its group of top-runners - Jaclyn Harms, Julia Adams, Jessica Lynch, Laurel Reinhardt and Chelsea Cooper.

Seniors on both the boys' and girls' squads - Furman, Lynch and Reinhardt - medaled during the season. Lynch led veteran runners with three bronzes, including podium-finishes at league and regional races.

With the strong senior runners, underclassmen led the Pirate teams. Freshman Julia Adams raced to three silvers and one bronze, including a second-place finish at the regional race.

Sophomore Jackson Walsh led the boys' team with three golds, two silvers and two bronze medals, including second- and third-place finishes at the regional and conference races, respectively. Despite a stomach virus that almost kept him out of the state meet, Walsh ran threw muck and mud at Colorado Springs to finish 10th, making the all-state team.

But the harrier who ran for the most victories and accolades was sophomore Jaclyn Harms, who led the girls' team with four first-place finishes (with wins at league and regional races), one bronze and a sixth-place finish at state - earning her all-state honors along with Walsh.

Harms' win at the league race also earned her the title of Intermountain League Runner of the Year.

Six Pirate runners earned all-conference honors by finishing in the top 10 at the league race - Harms, Lynch, Adams, Reinhardt, Walsh and Furman. All six finished in the top 10 at the regional meet, as well, with the addition of Cooper.

Despite losing a strong group of seniors, the Pirates' success should continue next year - with the return of Harms, Adams and Walsh and the addition of fast runners from the JV squads, including freshman Jamie Harms, Katarina Medici and Ryan Hamilton (who travelled to state as alternates).


Get ready, get set ... trot!

By Natalie Carpenter

Special to The SUN

What do turkeys and porpoises have in common?

The Pagosa Lakes Porpoises swim team will host the 2006 Turkey Trot on Thanksgiving day at the Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center. Eat your Thanksgiving feast guilt-free by burning off calories early in the 5-mile run or 2-mile walk.

After the trot, pick up your Thanksgiving goodies at the bake sale hosted by the Porpoises. All proceeds from the run, walk and bake sale benefit the Pagosa Lakes swim team.

The trot and bake sale start at 10 a.m. and early registration is available by visiting the Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center located on the corner of Park Avenue and Eagles Loft Circle. Entry fees for early registration are $20 for individuals and a special family rate of $50. (Family rate is available to family members of a single household only, maximum of five.) Race day registration fees are $25 individual and $60 family rate. The entry fee includes a commemorative T-Shirt.

For more information, contact the recreation center at 731-2051, or visit the Pagosa Lakes Porpoises Web site at


Pirates finish third in Mountain League, need to reload for 2007

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Pirate football finished its season in the middle of the Mountain League standings, behind Salida and Monte Vista, with a league record of 3-2 (4-5 overall) - missing the playoffs by one key victory.

After starting the season with a convincing non-league win against Bayfield, 34-0, the Pirates suffered a three-game losing streak - a blowout against 3A favorite Alamosa, 51-0; a tough loss against Kirtland Central, 31-21, which could have easily gone the other way; and a shutout at the hands of Salida, 20-0, in a game in which the Pirates gained less than 100 yards total offense.

After losing to the eventual league champ, Pagosa made significant improvements and played good football the rest of the season.

With a come-from-behind 18-14 win against Buena Vista, the Pirates returned to the playoff hunt. After a bye week, the Pirates nearly defeated 4A Durango in a 3-0 mudfest. That game, with the Kirtland Central game earlier in the season, could have helped the Pirates into the playoffs as a wildcard, if only a few plays had gone the other way.

The Pirates came back from the loss with nearly 350-yards total offense in a shutout victory over Centauri, 26-0. Again Pagosa was in the hunt, only needing a victory over second-place Monte Vista.

Ultimately the season came down to the best game of the year, an offensive seesaw that lifted Monte Vista to victory, only after a fourth-quarter comeback and overtime win, 40-34.

With the difference of a few calls, bobbles, missed tackles or other contingencies, Pagosa would have had a go at Colorado Springs Christian in the playoffs, in the place of Monte Vista.

Instead, they had to be content with a victory to end the regular season.

Coach Sean O'Donnell said the final game against Bayfield was difficult, since his players knew it was the last game of their season, for some the last game of their career, with no hope of going on to the playoffs, with no hope of contending for state.

But further, he said, "the thing about these kids is they never quit."

It would have been easy for Pagosa to go out with a mediocre, lethargic win against a less experienced, last-place Bayfield team, but instead the Pirates went out on a high note, overpowering the Wolverines 47-0, with all but one touchdown coming in the first half, before the second team was brought in.

"We finished 4-5, but it didn't feel like a disappointing season," said O'Donnell, who is proud of the way his team repeatedly bounced back from losses, especially at the close of the season.

Pagosa's 16 seniors finished their season with a statement, that they were better than 4-5 - and that they were strong as a team.

On offense, for example, no single player dominated the score sheet or statistics. Receiver John Hoffman led the team with seven touchdowns (six coming from receptions and one after an interception), but Kerry Joe Hilsabeck was not far behind with four touchdowns as a receiver.

Jordan Shaffer reached the end zone six times (four as a runner, one as a receiver and another as a defender), in addition to 14 touchdown passes, while running back Corbin Mellette finished with three TDs, two rushing and one on a reception.

Several other players put points on the board, including Adam Trujillo, Derek Harper, Matt Gallegos, Joe DuCharme, Eric Hurd and Spur Ross.

Next year's 2007 Pirates will need to work as a team, as well, if they are to overcome their lack of varsity experience. Only a handful of players with significant varsity playing time will return. The rest of the team will be made up of juniors and sophomores, said O'Donnell.

There is some talent and experience at key positions: junior running back Hurd would have been a varsity starter on any other team in the league, according to O'Donnell; junior Dan Cammack and sophomore DuCharme made several big plays from the defensive backfield; and Garrett Campbell started at offensive lineman throughout the year.

But how members of the strong JV team step into their varsity roles will be essential. "I'm excited about it ... but it's a big question mark," said O'Donnell.

That will be settled next year. As for this one, the Pirates could not play as long as they wanted to - if only the league had not been realigned to include Salida, if only for fewer injuries, no ineligibilities, or for that one key play - but the Pirates can still hold their heads high after a respectable, third-place finish.

Still, the Pirate coaching staff will undoubtedly be watching how things wrap up with the 2A season, seeing how far a Mountain League team will make it in state, judging how it may affect next year's competition, perhaps wondering how the Pirates would have fared if things had been slightly different.

League champ Salida and runner-up Monte Vista earned spots in the playoffs to represent the Mountain League.

In a second-seed match-up, Monte Vista lost 21-20 to Colorado Springs Christian last Saturday. Both teams were 7-2 going into the game.

Despite the playoff loss, Monte Vista will be a formidable opponent next year, since they are only losing a handful of seniors.

Salida, 7-2, defeated the 2A playoff team with the worst record, wildcard Roosevelt, 26-7, to move into the second round. The Spartans will face Platte Valley (9-1) next Saturday, a second-seed team that only lost to Patriot league rival Brush, now 10-0, during the regular season.

With Brush and Platte Valley, Trinidad (9-1) and Faith Christian (10-0) are strong contenders for 2A state.


Pagosa Springs Recreation

Photo night Tuesday for youth basketball divisions

By Tom Carosello

SUN Columnist

Photo night for all teams and players in this year's 7-8 youth basketball division is Tuesday, Nov. 14, at the community center.

Parents and coaches are reminded to make arrangements for players to arrive at least 20 minutes prior to their respective game times, which are as follows: Forest vs. Purple at 5:30 p.m. (photos at 5:10), Black vs. Orange at 6:20 p.m. (photos at 6) and Royal vs. Red at 7:10 p.m. (photo at 6:50).

Complete schedules for the 7-8 season are available at the recreation office in Town Hall and are posted online in Adobe format at (click on the town departments link, then the parks and recreation department link and scroll down to "7-8 Youth Basketball.")

Coaches and parents are reminded that water is permitted on the sidelines during games, however all other snacks and drinks are prohibited in the Community Center gymnasium. Please distribute all postgame snacks in the lobby or in the parking lot.

Please note that registration for the 9-10 and 11-12 divisions will begin in late November; the season for these divisions will not begin until early January.

Coaches and team sponsors for the 9-10 and 11-12 divisions are needed and appreciated. Cost for sponsorship is $150, which includes sponsor's name on team uniforms, commemorative plaque with team picture and recognition in media articles.

For more information call 264-4151 Ext. 231 or 232.

Youth soccer photos

Coaches and parents who ordered youth soccer photos can contact Jeff Laydon at Pagosa Photography, 264-3686, to check the status of their orders. The recreation office will provide sponsors with team plaques and photos as soon as they are available.

Adult volleyball

Adult volleyball (open gym) is being held Mondays from 6:30-8:15 p.m. at Pagosa Springs Junior High School.

There are two courts set up to accommodate varying levels of play, and instruction will be provided if desired.

A goal of having a coed "4s" league playing once a week in November will be discussed at the open gyms.

Contact Andy Rice, sports coordinator for the Town of Pagosa Springs, at 264-4151, Ext. 231, for more information.

Last chance to comment

The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department staff is currently exploring the feasibility of forming separate basketball leagues for boys and girls in the 9- and 10-year-old and 11- and 12-year-old age divisions this year.

The deadline to comment on this proposal is Nov. 17. Anyone interested in commenting can call the department office at 264-4151, Ext. 231 or 232. Comments by e-mail may be sent to or

Thank you for your cooperation in this matter; the decision on whether or not to separate this year's 9-10 and 11-12 youth basketball leagues according to gender will depend heavily on public comment.

Sports hotline

General information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department can be obtained by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to and going to the parks and recreation link.

All schedules and upcoming events are updated on a weekly basis. For any questions, concerns or additional information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, call 264-4151 Ext. 232.



Time to reconsider

The midterm election season is over. Enough of the nastiness, of the tunnel-vision and partisan vitriol. Enough of the smears, the nonsense that flies in the face of fact. Enough of label-mongering, hateful and often deceitful accusations and charges.

Colorado has a governor elect, Bill Ritter. This part of the state has re-elected John Salazar as our U.S. Representative. We have re-elected Jim Isgar as our state Senator from District 6 and we have a new state Representative, Ellen Roberts. We've amended the state Constitution yet again, but not as much as we could have; in a couple cases, we came to our senses and refused to add amendments to what is a grossly overblown foundation document. Most notably, we defeated an amendment that would have made it easier to petition for constitutional damage.

Locally, we selected Pete Gonzalez as our next sheriff. We returned several folks to office - and we made up our minds on a number of tax-related issues. We showed our trust in county government (or is it our awareness of a dire road situation?) by stabilizing the county mill levy, but denied the library additional tax revenues. We voted to approve TABOR measures to produce revenues that, at some point in time, will be used in the creation of new water storage for the county, and for our health services district.

And we have a county commissioner elect, Bob Moomaw.

With Bob's election, it is time to reflect on what might be possible in this county, given that he and his opponent, John Egan, were recent participants in a group investigating home rule government for Archuleta County.

It is the silly, partisan politics that occurred across the board in the recent campaigns that lead us, again, to opine that some form of county home rule is desirable.

Why? Because, part and parcel of a move to home rule could be a change in our election regulations. We could run, as fast as possible, from an archaic and unproductive party caucus system. We could, in a stroke, cart the meager bones of an outdated system from the arena and bury them.

Home rule government allows for a great deal of latitude, compared to statutory government. One of the benefits could be a restructuring of county government - first in the number of districts, if we decide we need them. This would be a question, since we should elect candidates who express a desire to work for the greatest good for the greatest number of county residents. If we believed we needed to redistrict the county, we could create a five- or seven-member commission - one less prone to fall victim to erratic officials, their foibles, their inattention, their scraps and squabbles.

But, perhaps most attractive in the potential of a home rule government is the notion that all candidates for a county commission seat could run independent of party affiliation and attendant, tired and outdated processes - processes that have been shunned by too many younger and independent voters; processes that have produced, from the bowels of the party animals, most of the ugliness we now experience in our political life. The process for becoming a candidate could be streamlined - made easier. The election could proceed, if we avoid districts, on the basis of a certain number of commission seats coming up vacant every two years, with candidates running not so much against other candidates, from other parties, but for a seat.

With our newly-constituted commission, it might be time to think about home rule again, to ponder what it can do for us and to wonder what we can do to reform an ever-weaker party system and to draw a fresh, invigorated electorate into a system of representative government.

Karl Isberg



Shari Pierce

90 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 17, 1916

"Ma" Latham and grandson Raymond Brown, had a narrow escape Saturday while driving to town from the ranch above Scase's. They were in a cart when a big team of horses belonging to the Brauns, came tearing down the road behind them, and ran into the cart throwing Raymond over on one of the horses, and Mrs. Latham on the ground, with great force, cutting a gash over one eye and scratching her up considerably. Fortunately there was no further damage.

Dr. P.F. Greene went to Durango Sunday with Mrs. Geo. Tunnell who was operated on the next morning for appendicitis. Dr. Greene returned Monday with the little Hazelwood boy who had been undergoing treatment for his broken arm.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 13, 1931

Messrs. Hersch and Mickey of the Hersch Mercantile Co. and the Piggly Wiggly store announced the introduction of a new plan adopted in giving their customers sound discounts by means of the nationally famous "S&H" Green Stamps. America's oldest and greatest co-operative discount tokens, which have aided thrifty housewives for over a quarter of a century. Messrs. Hersch and Mickey took precaution to investigate the success of the plan by other stores before determining on its use in Pagosa Springs. It is in the nature of a premium to do more cash trade. The grand opening and introduction will take place Saturday, November 21. Souvenirs will be given to everyone and the children will not be forgotten.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 15, 1956

Good progress is being made on the new Gambles store building. The roof has been completed and the front installed this week. The Whitefields are presently planning on opening for business in the new location some time the week after Thanksgiving.

The fall term of District Court began in Archuleta County this week. District Judge John Galbreath of Durango will handle the cases here during this term of court. The case of Frank Valles, charged with stealing $500, was heard. The defendant had changed his plea of not guilty to guilty and the evidence was taken in the matter. He was sentenced to a term of 2 to 3 years at hard labor in the state penitentiary and will start serving his term immediately.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 12, 1981

Wolf Creek Ski Area opened on November 10 according to Operations Manager Jann Pitcher. Pitcher said the area had passed all inspections, has 18 inches of snow at the clubhouse and three feet of snow on top, and is ready to go.

The Pagosa Springs SUN starts it 73rd year of publication this week. The SUN is one of the oldest businesses in the area still operating under its original name, and is glad, proud, and thankful to still be serving the needs of a community which has undergone numerous changes.

The high school ski team started practice November 5. The team has a solid core of veteran skiers and expects to do well in the ski meets scheduled for this season.



Little Moments ... Big Magic

By Tom and Ming Steen

Special to The SUN

United Way in Archuleta County conducted an extensive needs analysis earlier this year. The local Advisory Council accomplished this by gathering information from community leaders and residents in order to better understand public attitudes and opinions about issues related to the well being of the community.

One of the goals clearly identified was helping local children and youth succeed. United Way will work towards this goal by encouraging and funding programs that support healthy, strong and nurturing families; positive adult-teen relationships and mentoring; opportunities for activities that promote academic, physical and emotional growth and development; child care and early education; prevention of substance abuse, violence and other at-risk behaviors in teens; and out-of-school programs for school-aged youth.

This is one of four programs that United Way in Archuleta County will help fund with money raised during this year's campaign.

Big Brothers Big Sisters

The Big Brothers Big Sisters program matches caring, open-minded, responsible and enthusiastic mentors one-to-one with a child in need of a caring and safe role model. Big Brothers Big Sisters is a simple, yet powerfully effective way to offer Archuleta County's at-risk youth a safe path to adulthood. A match specialist who lives in Pagosa Springs oversees the matches. Big Brothers Big Sisters served from 17 to 22 families in Archuleta County during each of the past three years.

Approved mentors make a commitment to meet with their "Littles" a few hours each week to see a movie, play sports, or just talk. Often the Little Brother/Sister is simply folded into the mentor's normal activities, such as washing the car, going for a walk, running errands, or fixing dinner. Eventually, a trusting friendship develops that benefits both the Big Brother/Sister and the Little Brother/Sister.

The Big Brothers Big Sisters program serves youth between 6 and 17 years old who have one or more of the following risk factors present in their lives: the child comes from a single parent family; there is a history of violence in the home or economic deprivation; the child exhibits poor school performance or self esteem; there is alcohol or drug use by parents or other adults in the child's life; or the child lacks adequate positive role modeling.

Studies show that illicit drug use by adolescents can be traced to several of the above-mentioned risk factors. Studies also show that adolescent drug use and delinquency are inextricably linked. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention writes, "Substance abuse and delinquency often share the common factors of school and family problems, negative peer groups, lack of neighborhood social control, and a history of physical or sexual abuse."

According to the Colorado Children's Campaign "2005 Kids Count" report, rates of child poverty, births to single women, and child abuse and neglect are all significantly higher in Archuleta County than in the state overall. The 2003 rate of child poverty in Archuleta County was 17.2 percent, exceeding the state rate of 11.8 percent. The rate of Archuleta County births to single women was 29.6 percent, again higher than the state average of 26.7 percent. Child abuse and neglect rates in Archuleta (11 percent) are far above the 9 percent state average. Many children in Archuleta County continue to live in conditions of rural poverty, abuse and neglect.

The Big Brothers Big Sisters Core Program is a simple, yet powerfully effective way to offer Archuleta County's at-risk youth a safe path to adulthood. The national Big Brothers Big Sisters mentoring model was examined for effectiveness in a 1995 national study. The study found that youth mentored in Big Brothers Big Sisters programs were 46-percent less likely to initiate drug use than similar non-mentored youth, 27-percent less likely to initiate alcohol use than similar non-mentored youth, and almost one-third less likely than similar non-mentored youth to hit someone. Mentored youth also earned higher grades, skipped fewer classes and fewer days of school, and felt more competent about doing their schoolwork than did similar non-mentored youth. What's more, the quality of the Little Brothers' and Little Sisters' relationships with their parents or guardians and their peers was better at the end of the study period than it was for non-mentored youth.

United Way in Archuleta County hopes to raise $67,500 through donations during its current campaign. Part of this has been pledged to the above program targeting youth. Donations may be sent to United Way of Southwest Colorado, P.O. Box 4274, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.

For information on how you can become a Big Brother or Big Sister, or how you can enroll your child in the program, contact Michelle Carroll at 264-5077.


Pagosa's Past

The Jicarilla 'Trail of Tears'

By John M. Motter

SUN Columnist

For scarcely a year, from 1880 to 1881, the Jicarilla believed they owned a reservation west of Tierra Amarilla. Wouldn't the presidential proclamation creating the reservation be binding?

Apparently not.

When Agent Llewellyn ordered the Jicarilla to move to the Mescalero Apache Reservation in southern New Mexico in 1881, the response was predictable.

Jicarilla leader Mundo and his people were tired of looking for a permanent home, a search they had been involved in since the early 1850s. They were still rankled at the loss of their holy lands, the homelands of the Jicarilla before Anglos entered the scene. Mundo's band insisted they be allowed to remain where they were.

Llewellyn's callous response was that his orders were final and that the Amargo Agency's supplies were already being sent to Mescalero. He made it clear that those willing to go with him would be treated kindly, fed well, and given land, but those not cooperative would be placed in the hands of the military.

On Aug. 15, the Jicarilla, Llewellyn and Gen. David S. Stanley held a council to discuss the move to Mescalero. Gen. Stanley certified that Mundo had consented, but only under protest. He was inclined to yield only to force.

Mundo called for Congress to investigate. He believed the attempt to move the Jicarilla was illegal. He also asked that the reservation not be opened for settlement until Congress reached a decision.

Llewellyn recommended the reservation be sold and the proceeds used to purchase farm implements.

Five more days were granted to make final preparations - days in which the Jicarilla held prayer meetings, asking the Great Spirit for divine guidance and assistance in returning home in the near future.

On Aug. 20, the Jicarilla began their "Trail of Tears," or long walk to Mescalero. Escorted by soldiers, the Jicarilla - men and women, old and young - traveled by horse and wagon. The route was determined by the availability of water for the animals, for the Jicarilla owned 2,000 horses. They stopped off in Santa Fe Sept. 2. They crossed the Pecos River at San José, where smallpox broke out, resulting in six deaths. They had intended to continue to Roswell across the plains to the Rio Hondo, up the Rio Ruidoso, and on to Mescalero. Instead, alarmed by the smallpox, they cut across the country to El Capitán and Fort Stanton, then went onto the Mescalero Reservation. The total journey covered about 350 miles. Rations were issued once, at Carrizo River.

The majority of the Jicarilla made the best of the situation, generally working to make Mescalero their home.

Since Jicarilla leader San Pablo and his people, numbering 234, had not opposed removal, the best agricultural lands were given to them. In 1883, Llewellyn purchased San Pablo a home with government funds. Mundo's people did not fare so well. They held fast to their objective of returning to their reservation at Amargo, and for the next three years worked toward that end.

A meeting with the Jicarilla in October of 1883 revealed that San Pablo and his people were pleased, Mundo and his people unhappy. Mundo was aggressive enough that another trip to Washington D.C. was arranged for the Jicarilla leaders.

Only Llewellyn, however, actually went to Washington. He returned to Mescalero determined to force Mundo and his band to cooperate. The absence of arable land formed the basis for Mundo's resistance. On Nov. 15, 1885, Fletcher J. Cowart replace Llewellyn as agent for the Mescalero Apache. He worked toward better relations with Mundo and his people.

Mundo, along with some of his headmen, proposed that he be allowed to sever tribal relations and take up homesteads. He said all of his people, 107 households, wished to take this step. They wanted land where they could live close together as one people.

In the summer of 1886, Mundo was informed that only the four headmen would be allowed to file for homesteads. Not trusting the agent, Mundo and his four headmen went to Santa Fe to try to learn the truth about their denial from the governor.

More next week on the Jicarilla search for a home. What happened to their desire to homestead?

The information used in this series of articles on the Jicarilla search for a home is being taken from "The Jicarilla Apache Tribe, A History, 1846-1970," by Veronica E. Velarde Tiller.


Pagosa Sky Watch

Hubble Space Telescope to get a make-over

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The following sun and moon data is provided by the United States Naval Observatory.

Sunrise: 6:41 a.m.

Sunset: 5:02 p.m.

Moonrise: 8:41 p.m.

Moonset: 12:08 p.m. Nov. 10.

Moon phase: The moon is waning gibbous with 78 percent of the visible disk illuminated. The moon is at Last Quarter Nov, 12, 2006 at 10:46 a.m. Mountain Standard Time.

NASA officials have announced the Hubble Space Telescope will receive a much-needed, extreme astronomical make-over.

The announcement came from NASA Administrator Michael Griffin during an Oct. 31 press conference. The announcement marks commencement of the fifth, shuttle-based servicing mission to the venerable deep space telescope.

"We have conducted a detailed analysis of the performance and procedures necessary to carry out a successful Hubble repair mission over the course of the last three shuttle missions. What we have learned has convinced us that we are able to conduct a safe and effective servicing mission to Hubble," Griffin said.

"While there is an inherent risk in all spaceflight activities, the desire to preserve a truly international asset like the Hubble Space Telescope makes doing this mission the right course of action."

And Project Manager at the Goddard Space Flight Center Preston Burch added, "We're going to give Hubble another extreme make-over. This make-over will be the best one yet because we will outfit Hubble with the most powerful and advanced imaging and spectrographic instruments available."

Burch estimated the make-over should add five years to Hubble's operating life, and should push observations well into 2013, perhaps longer.

NASA launched Hubble in 1990, and designed the space telescope to undergo periodic component upgrades as observational technology advanced. The shuttle was to play an integral role in the telescope's long term upgrade and maintenance plan.

Between 1990 and 2003, shuttle crews logged four successful missions to the space-based observatory, and Hubble's future looked secure. Yet 2003 came, and with it, the Columbia catastrophe, and following the event, shuttle-based repair missions to Hubble were suspended indefinitely.

Griffin said NASA has solved the issues plaguing previous shuttle flights and the program is back on track, with NASA astronauts and their craft ready to tackle another Hubble servicing mission.

In order to complete the task, the shuttle will haul a crew of astronauts experienced in spacewalking and 22,000 pounds of hardware on an 11-day flight to the space-based telescope.

Once the shuttle reaches Hubble, the shuttle's mechanical arm will place the telescope in the shuttle cargo bay. Astronauts will then perform five space walks to complete the upgrades.

Among the weighty cargo are new gyroscopes to improve Hubble's steering, new batteries to ensure a stable and reliable power source, thermal blankets to insulate sensitive components, and two key instrumentation upgrades - the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) and the Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3).

According to NASA, the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph is the most sensitive ultraviolet spectrograph ever flown on Hubble. The instrument will probe the cosmic web, the large scale structure of the universe whose form is determined by the gravity of dark matter and whose outline is traced by the spatial distribution of galaxies and intergalactic dust.

In order to probe the underlying structure of the universe, Hubble will train the spectrograph on distant quasars whose light passes through the cosmic web. As dust and other material in the web absorbs quasar light, the web's characteristics are read by the spectrograph. Scientists can then use the data to determine the web's composition and location in space.

The Wide Field Camera 3 is a new camera sensitive across a wide range of wavelengths, including infrared, visible and ultraviolet light. Hubble astronomers will use the camera to explore planets in our own solar system and to explore both nearby galaxies, and galaxies beyond Hubble's current reach.

Together, the Wide Field Camera 3 and the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph will allow astronomers to make increasingly sophisticated observations of the large scale structure of the universe and to study progressive changes in the universe's chemical composition as it has grown older.

With the addition of the camera, the spectrograph and other upgrades, Griffin said Hubble will be at the top of its game.

The telescope is named for astronomer Edwin Powell Hubble, who, in the 1920s, discovered the universe - along with its component parts, galaxies, stars, and planets - is expanding. The rate of the universe's expansion is now called the Hubble Constant, and contemporary astronomers have confirmed Hubble's theory using the space telescope that is the astronomer's namesake.

With Hubble's theory confirmed, many theorists expected the rate of expansion to gradually slow, perhaps even stop. But observations in 1998 indicated that about four to five billion years ago, rather than slowing down, the rate of expansion has increased, and astronomers aren't sure why. Some attribute the increase to a mysterious force, or "dark energy" that operates beyond the laws of gravity and is pushing the universe apart.

Although an extreme Hubble make-over will not solve the dark energy mystery, the observatory's new instrumentation may help astronomers narrow the search.

"Hubble has been rewriting astronomy textbooks for more than 15 years, and all of us are looking forward to the new chapters that will be added with future discoveries and insights about our universe," said Mary Cleave, NASA's associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate.

The Hubble upgrade mission is tentatively scheduled for fall of 2008.



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'Possibility' of snow next week

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

By 6:30 a.m. Wednesday, the Wolf Creek Ski Area reported 31 inches of packed powder at its mountain summit, with 20 inches midway. Six inches of new snow had fallen in the previous seven days, and the season total stood at 71 inches.

Under early-season conditions, with obstacles present, 57 of 77 trails were open, serving 1,200 acres of skiable terrain. Four lifts were in operation, and Kelly Boyce Trail was Wednesday's "pick of the hill."

The Alberta Peak Area, Water Fall Area and Knife Ridge are now open daily from 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. (4 p.m. in the Water Fall Area), but only expert skiers are recommended. Lift tickets are now $46 for adults and $25 for children and seniors.

While fairly dry and mild conditions persist, there is the possibility of snow Saturday and Monday nights.

In the past week, the Pagosa Lakes area has enjoyed sunny skies and daytime highs from the low 50s to near 60. Tuesday topped out at 60 degrees, while the "low" high of 55 degrees was recorded last Thursday.

Under bright stars and a full moon (Sunday), low temperatures dropped to the middle 20s most nights, with Thursday's low dipping to just 20 degrees. Tuesday's low was the warmest, but still five degrees below freezing.

According to the National Weather Service forecast, skies will be partly cloudy through Saturday, with increasing clouds and a chance of snow showers Saturday night. Daytime highs will steadily slip from today's predicted low 60s to the high 40s over the weekend. Low temperatures will fall to the upper teens.

Monday and Tuesday should bring additional snow showers under mostly cloudy skies, with flurries lingering into Wednesday. Highs will again hover in the 40s, with lows falling into the teens.

For the following week, predicts clear to partly cloudy skies over Pagosa Lakes, with highs again warming to the upper 50s. Low temperatures should range between the low 20s to near freezing.

With November typically a dry month, the first nine days of this one have been true to form. In fact, long-range predictions for the Four Corners region suggest "average" precipitation through mid-winter, with significant moisture arriving by late winter, into spring.

Nevertheless, a couple of weather fronts will move in from the Pacific over the next several days, and Wolf Creek skiers are hoping for more snow in the process.