October 5, 2006
Front Page

Investors abandon Pinewood project

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

An investor willing to pay $1.4 million for the Pinewood Inn on the condition he could receive a multi-year, non-revocable demolition permit from the town walked away from the deal Tuesday night during a regular meeting of the Pagosa Springs Town Council.

Speaking to the council, investor Harold Kelley thanked them for their time in attempting to seek a compromise to the demolition request, but said the process had become complicated, convoluted and inconclusive and that the window of opportunity had closed for him and his investment partners.

Reading from a prepared statement, Kelley said, "During this process we have become very concerned about the apparent lack of long term vision for the town. In our view, the historic preservation board has made subjective recommendations for a non-historic old building. Certainly there must be better ways that we can preserve our heritage ... Pagosa Springs has a significant heritage but there are very few buildings that should be preserved. We need to value our past but move on to our future."

On Aug. 31, members of the Town of Pagosa Springs Historic Preservation Board concluded that two structures on the Pinewood Inn property, located on the east end of Pagosa Street, fell under the umbrella of a moratorium prohibiting demolition of structures 50 years old and older and found to have historic significance.

Kelley, motel owner Charles Craig, town council members Darrel Cotton and Bill Whitbred have all questioned the validity of the preservation board's finding, and Kelley has wrangled with the town since then in order to obtain a long-term, non-revocable demolition permit for all the structures on the Pinewood.

According to the moratorium, the preservation board provides a recommendation, but the town council is the final arbiter in exemption requests.

As an alternative to issuing a blanket demolition permit, the town and Kelley worked to forge a compromise that would have allowed removal of one of the buildings said to have historic significance - the former home-office of Dr. Mary Fisher - to a new location, with the second building - the current manager's home - kept on the site and purchased by the town.

According to the agreement, the original footprint of the home would have been carved out of the five-lot Pinewood Inn property, and a minor impact subdivision created, with the town purchasing the structure and committing to its restoration.

Initial discussions indicated the possibility of an approximate purchase price of $100,000 for the property and structure, although that number, nor the specifics of a possible agreement were finalized.

During a Monday work session, Kelley and the town attempted to fine tune and solidify the compromise, but the discussion turned to questions of Kelley's adherence to future parking regulations and whether Kelley's new development would be governed by the rules of a historic district if one should be created in the Pinewood Inn neighborhood.

In a previous meeting, Kelley indicated plans for high-end hotel accommodations on the Pinewood Inn property, but was emphatic about not wanting to develop in a designated historic district.

During Monday's meeting, Kelley said he and his co-investors were getting cold feet.

"By noon tomorrow, I will make a decision. It may not be me as a player after that. The money and commitment are at risk, there are still too many questions," Kelley said.

Kelley's announcement at Tuesday's town council meeting left the town free of further compromise attempts, but it did not answer motel-owner Craig's request for a demolition permit.

Craig has argued the motel is in disrepair and is no longer economically viable, and that a demolition permit is the key to making the Pinewood Inn saleable.

Although Craig did not attend Tuesday's meeting, his attorney William Darling did and requested the town council exempt the Pinewood Inn from the moratorium and issue Craig a demolition permit.

"The Pinewood Inn is like an old person with an insurance policy - they're worth more dead than alive," Darling said.

And Darling argued there are three reasons to grant Craig an exemption: there is nothing on the site of historic significance, economic hardship, and the structures on the property are unsafe and unstable.

Darling said the town's historic preservation regulations allow for issuance of demolition permits in cases of economic hardship or a building's lack of structural integrity, and that Craig should be extended the same rights.

However, town attorney Bob Cole said the demolition moratorium temporarily supersedes the town's historic preservation regulations found in the land use code, and it's language allows denial of demolition permits based solely on age, and the finding of historic significance.

Darling asked the town council to re-craft the moratorium with provisions for an exemption based on economic hardship or in cases where a building is deemed structurally unsound.

The town council voted in favor of the request four votes to two - Aragon, Cotton, Holt and Whitbred in favor, and Middendorf and Simmons opposed.

Cole said it would take three or four weeks, given public notification requirements and town council scheduling, to rework the ordinance and to present it to the town council for approval.

If approved, Cole said the onus would be on the applicant to prove economic hardship or that a building is structurally unsound.


County considers two sites for new facilities

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

County staff and the board of county commissioners met Tuesday with architect James Lichty of Archetype Design Group to discuss five site options for new courthouse, jail and sheriff's facilities.

Now there are two.

County Administrator Bob Campbell said Lichty and his firm specialize in designing jails and justice centers, and during the meeting Lichty presented a breakdown of costs for building a campus-like facility at each of the possible locations.

As options, commissioners and staff looked at two parcels near the intersection of U.S. 84 and U.S. 160, a county-owned parcel located on Hot Springs Boulevard across from the Pagosa Springs Town Hall, a county-owned parcel on Cloman Boulevard, and a parcel near the county's road and bridge facility on U.S. 84.

Campbell said site assessment factors included costs for building on the various parcels, proximity to town and acreage sufficient to accommodate a county facilities campus and the county's projected facilities needs over the next 20 years.

Campbell said the decision to move forward with the campus concept was the product of numerous meetings, including a September session where the commissioners reviewed seven possible locations and concluded a campus was the best option to meet the county's current and future facilities needs.

Campbell said the seven sites had been whittled down from 15 possible locations.

Campbell said staff efficiency and operational expenses were important factors in choosing a campus option

"Almost $100,000 a year is spent in renting facilities outside of the courthouse facility," Campbell said. And those expenses, coupled with staff travel time between the present courthouse and satellite offices, and mileage, add up to losses in productivity and unnecessary losses in county dollars.

After analyzing the five sites, Campbell said the two parcels near the intersection of U.S. 84 and U.S. 160 came out as the top picks.

According to Campbell, both parcels are about the same size - roughly 12 acres - cost nearly the same - about $1.7 million - and both provide adequate space for the county's immediate and long term facilities needs.

Campbell estimated total project costs for the sheriff's department, jail and courthouse, including construction and site preparation, impact fees and furnishing the buildings, at about $19 million.

"We estimated $22 million so the numbers came in just right," Campbell said.

Campbell said the sheriff's department and jail are the first facilities scheduled for construction.

He said with more than two years of preliminary design work, and various studies, including a space allocation study, "We are poised to go to next step which is the design phase."

Campbell anticipated design and construction would occur between 2007 and 2008, with occupancy forecasted for 2009.

Initial plans indicate an 80- to 100-person jail.

Campbell said the county has a number of options for funding the sheriff's department and jail phase of the project.

Of the options, and if approved, Campbell said county Ballot Issue 1A, which would freeze the property tax mill levy at its current rate of 18.233 mills, would provide some funding for the project.

As a second option, Campbell said funds generated from impact fees could provide an additional revenue stream, although the county has yet to impose impact fees on development.

A third option included leasing beds in the new jail to the federal government for housing federal prisoners.

Campbell said a leasing program could generate as much as $2,500 per day and projected over a year, could contribute significantly to paying for the project.

And lastly, Campbell mentioned the possibility of a bond issue.

While the jail and sheriff's department projects are on the county's short-term list of high priorities, Campbell said construction of a new courthouse is on a longer timetable.

Campbell said finances, although key to both projects, play a crucial role in realizing the goal of a new courthouse by 2011.

"County government needs to come in line with our revenues," Campbell said.

And he explained that before the courthouse project is undertaken, the county must be working within the confines of a balanced budget and without dipping into reserves.

Campbell said once funding for a new courthouse lines up and a balanced budget is in place, the current courthouse will be sold.

During the next eight weeks, Campbell said the public will have a chance to weigh in on the site selection decision during a series of public meetings. Once the eight-week comment period has passed and the input considered, the commissioners will direct staff on which parcel to purchase.


Library seeks first-ever mill levy increase

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

The Upper San Juan Library District has finalized its ballot question information for a 1.5 mill levy increase that will go before the voters this general election, as issue 5A.

The information organized by the library includes summaries of 11 proponents' statements. No opposition statements were filed by the statutory deadline.

The mill levy increase would double the district's mill levy, raising it from 1.5 to 3 mills.

Carole Howard, spokesperson for the mill levy committee, said that the levy increase will raise property taxes less than $23 per year, on an average home assessed at $184,641.

If approved, there would be an annual total of around $45 in property tax on the average home to fund the Upper San Juan Library District.

The opening lines of the ballot question read:

"Shall the Upper San Juan Library District's taxes be increased by three hundred sixty-nine thousand dollars ($369,000.00) (first fiscal year dollar increase) and by whatever additional amounts are raised annually thereafter by an additional ad valorem property tax levy of one and one half (1.5) mills ... "

This is the first time the library district has asked for a mill levy increase, since a levy was originally instituted.

"Our library has been under-funded since it began in the basement of the Methodist Church in 1907," said Scottie Gibson, president of the Woman's Civic Club and treasurer of the library's board of trustees.

"The new building expansion was mainly paid for with grants and donations saved over many years, with no increase in local tax dollars. We are one of only a few libraries in Colorado to have done that," Gibson said.

If the mill levy increase is approved, the library will look to improve its offerings, including programs and collections.

"The additional funds would be used to purchase more popular books, books on tape, CDs, videos and DVDs ... the library is looking at county-wide service options such as books by mail, book drops, pickup stations, satellite locations and a possible traveling book service," said Howard in a written statement.

The additional revenue would also allow the library to expand programs for all ages, especially children, and provide additional computers and Internet filtering, wrote Howard.

Among the comments in support of the mill levy, one proponent wrote, "To be successful in providing support to the schools, the library desperately needs to continue to acquire more resources, to provide more programs and to expand its services throughout the county. The library is an asset that benefits each of us and its growth and increasing value require financial support."

The library board recently approved the 2007 budget for the district, which does not include revenue from a mill levy increase.

Without additional revenue, the district will have to tap into the library fund to the tune of $40,000.

Out of the $626,000 budget, approximately $20,000 is available for books and $5,000 for programs.

The mill levy increase could raise revenue for 2007 by almost $370,000, allowing revision of the budget and significant additional funds to go to programs and materials.


Inside The Sun

School district enjoys financial health, enrollment down

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

The Archuleta County school board met Tuesday morning in a special session to review its yearly financial audit and discuss proposed resolutions, to be voted on at the Colorado Association of School Boards' (CASB) delegate assembly in Pueblo later this month.

The district maintains excellent financial health, according to CPA Michael Branch's independent audit: Cash reserves in the general fund increased and funds in the capital reserve continue to be in excess of the state mandatory minimum. Expenses moderately increased by about 5 percent, while revenues still exceeded expenditures.

Branch explained to the board how, due to rising property values, the district has been able to significantly, and voluntarily, reduce the bond fund mill levy over the past years, one which was approved by voters as a bond issue in 1996 to build the high school.

Rather than pay off the debt more quickly by keeping the mill levy at 10.633 mills (the rate in 1997), the district has chosen to incrementally lower its draw from tax payers to 4.451 mills, in order to spread out the tax burden over a number of years - and to a broader tax base.

In the meeting, Nancy Schutz, district business manager, told the board the district had promised the public during the 1996 campaign it would reduce the bond fund mill levy as quickly as possible.

Because the district has kept its promise, current residents are not held solely responsible for the debt, but future residents, who will also benefit from the school, will also have to contribute.

The mill levy established by the bond issue is different from the general fund mill levy, which is mandated by the state. The general fund levy has also been reduced due to rising property values and currently sits at about 24 mills. Ten years ago the general fund mill levy was at about 40 mills.

The audit highlighted two areas in need of continued monitoring by the district.

The district maintains its own plan for employee health insurance, which is administered by a third party. This allows for lower premiums, with better coverage for employees. However, the district can only estimate the amount in premiums that will need to be assessed in a year to offset claims.

Last school year, premium revenue exceeded expenditures on claims and administration of the plan by 5 percent, as it would ideally continue to do in years to come. Branch encouraged the district to continue to monitor the health plan, due to the potential for rising healthcare costs.

Enrollment in the district decreased by about 30 students this year. Last year, the district gained 60 students.

The amount of funds a district receives from the state depends on the number of students. Fewer students mean less money, in the form of equalization payments.

Since equalization payments are determined by a three-year enrollment average, the district should not be hurt by this year's drop, said Schutz - who budgets every year estimating a zero-gain in enrollment.

However, if enrollment drops in future years, it could sap the district's reserves and become an issue to be addressed.

According to Schutz, it is difficult to predict enrollment in advance.

The fast growth in the county does not necessarily equate to fast growth in the schools, since many new residents do not have school-aged children, said Branch.

However, gradual growth over several years is to be expected. The necessity is managing equalization payments when enrollment figures vary from year to year, though within that general growth.

Sandy Caves, board vice president, presented resolutions that will be voted on by delegates at CASB's annual meeting, Oct. 21, asking the board for feedback to support her in her role as district delegate to the assembly.

Each district has the opportunity to send one delegate to the assembly in Pueblo, where resolutions are passed by a simple-majority vote.

Proposed resolutions advocate local control, school finance reform (with specific reference to funding costs associated with enrollment fluctuations), honing the Colorado State Assessment Program (CSAP) and lobbying for revision of the state's tax code - as defined by TABOR, Amendment 23 and the Gallagher Amendment.

Resolutions passed by CASB are intended to advise district governance and legislative action at the state level.

At the close of the meeting, Superintendent Duane Noggle addressed the issue of school safety, prompted by recent shootings in schools in other communities.

Noggle informed board members the district has an emergency policy in place, which is presented to staff before every school year at orientation.

According to Sean O'Donnell, high school assistant principle, every teacher is provided with "code red" instructions in the event of an emergency.

Upon an alert, teachers would enforce a lockdown of all classrooms, keeping students away from windows and doors, until informed that the issue is resolved by the administration or law enforcement.

In addition, Principal David Hamilton and O'Donnell regularly tour the halls during class periods and teachers are assigned hall duty during passing periods.

Administrators and teachers at the high school have proven themselves to be skilled at noticing and preventing issues before they become problems.

The vigilance is effective. In recent weeks, the Pagosa Springs Police Department has made several drug-related arrests, after being tipped off by officials at the high school, said Chief Don Volger.

The school board will have its next regular meeting Tuesday at 6 p.m. in the junior high school library.


Delays experienced in hospital construction project

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

The Upper San Juan Health Service District Board of Directors met in regular session Tuesday and discussed, among other things, the various reasons why construction of a new Pagosa Springs Critical Access Hospital has been delayed.

According to board chair Neal Townsend, delays are inevitable in projects with a strict budget involving millions of dollars.

"We're scrambling to get everything in place," he said, "but none of us have built a hospital before and there's a lot to deal with. As construction costs keep going up, we're making adjustments to stay within our budget."

Typical unforeseen setbacks have plagued the district since its public groundbreaking at the hospital site Sept. 5. Most have involved the completion of a Public Offering Statement (POS), which is a series of documents explaining the intricate details of the project, including the district's relationship with, and obligations to, its lender. The POS must be finished and filed before the district can obtain construction financing.

Once completed, the POS will go to a bond underwriter, who will publish it among investors interested in purchasing the bonds. According to J.R. Ford, a member of the hospital finance committee, the POS should be filed tomorrow (Oct. 6), and it'll take two weeks to sell the bonds. After another 10 days, the district will have its money and construction can begin.

Even before the Sept. 5 groundbreaking, the district discovered an existing sewer line that virtually bisects the hospital site. While the line is deep and runs along an unrecorded easement, it may have to be moved prior to building construction. The Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District apparently owns the line.

Adding to USJHSD woes, an underground La Plata Electric Association power line also runs through the site, and must be moved prior to construction. Its location too, was unknown prior to pre-construction site analysis.

And, if sewer and electric concerns aren't enough, an existing water line will have to be replaced. According to Townsend, the current line runs south along the Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center and also crosses the construction site. Because of low water pressure, he said relocating the existing line doesn't make sense, and a new one will have to come from a main on the east side of South Pagosa Boulevard, where pressure is adequate.

While moving or replacing these various utilities adds significant cost to the hospital project, it was not considered during budget preparation. Neither was the anticipated cost of mitigating serious expansive soils concerns at the site. Apparently, poor soil conditions were discovered during a routine site analysis, and caught the district by surprise.

Townsend said, "Because there were no cracks or other signs of movement in the existing building (Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center), we couldn't see how there'd be expansive soils."

Nevertheless, engineers say adverse soil conditions do exist, and they're now working to determine the cost of correcting the situation. Meanwhile, the district is looking into how these latest setbacks will affect its construction budget, and what, if anything, can be done to defray costs. In part, the district hopes the utility companies will offer creative solutions.

Once all the wrinkles are ironed out, the bonds are sold and the district gets a final go-ahead, hospital construction will begin, and is expected to last 14 months.


Health service district board to meet Oct. 10

The board of directors of the Upper San Juan Health Service District will meet at 7 a.m. Tuesday, Oct. 10, at 189 North Pagosa Blvd. (the EMS board room).

At this meeting, it is anticipated the board will make a final determination to issue limited tax general obligation indebtedness. Specifically, the district will consider adoption of a resolution authorizing the issuance of its Limited Tax General Obligation Bonds, (Additionally Secured by Net Revenue) Series 2007, in the approximate principal amount of $2,110,000 and adopt a resolution to amend the 2006 Budget which includes the full appropriation for construction of the Critical Access Hospital.

The board will also take up such other business as may be before the board. The meeting is open to the public.


County letter of commitment now bears three signatures

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

A letter of commitment from the Archuleta County Board of County Commissioners regarding the mill levy ballot question has re-emerged with one significant change: Commissioner Robin Schiro's signature now appears on the document.

The original letter, signed and submitted to The SUN Sept. 25, included the signatures of commissioners John Egan and Ronnie Zaday, however, on Schiro's signature line, the word "absent" had been printed.

Schiro said she was sick, did not attend the meeting and did not write absent on the line.

Schiro signed the document Sept. 28.

The letter outlines spending commitments for 2007 and 2008 should county Ballot Issue 1A pass, and although Schiro criticized the commitment's shortcomings in last week's SUN, she said she had always intended to sign the document and reiterated her position.

"I'd like to see more money allocated to roads, but forty percent is better than nothing," Schiro said.

According to the letter and if the ballot measure passes, 40 percent of the extra property tax revenue, or $500,000, whichever is greater, will be allocated to road maintenance in 2008. In 2007, the letter pledges $500,000 for road maintenance.

She added that unified commissioner support was vital to the issue's success.

"The commissioners need to provide a united front on this ballot issue," Schiro said.

However, Schiro said the ballot question asks the voter to make a five-year commitment to stabilizing the property tax mill levy, and she said the commissioners should reciprocate with a five-year spending commitment and more money, or a greater percentage of potential ballot issue funds earmarked for roads.

She said the lack of a five-year commitment may make some voters, especially those wavering in their decision, skeptical of supporting the ballot question.

As an alternative to the spending limits outlined in the letter, Schiro suggested pumping the maximum amount of money into roads during the first two years of the five-year period, then shifting expenditure priorities after the roads are in better shape.

"We should do what we need to for the first two years, and then shift funding priorities to the other two issues which are trails, parks and recreation and county facilities," Schiro said.

As part of the commitment to voters and as an adjunct to the ballot issue, Schiro said the county should pledge to formally repeal the policy adopted by the board of county commissioners in January that mandates no snow removal and maintenance for county secondary roads.

"We should repeal the resolution for primary-secondary road maintenance now as a good faith effort to show taxpayers we're serious about providing a long term and comprehensive solution to road maintenance issues," Schiro said.

The letter of commitment is available online at archuletacounty.org. Click on "Property Tax Rate Stabilization Ballot Measure," then click on "How Will 1A Funds Be Used," then click on "Letter Of Commitment."


Colorado voters consider wide array of ballot measures

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Colorado Supreme Court and Court of Appeals judges may be subject to shorter terms in office if proposed Amendment 40 to the Colorado Constitution is approved by voters this November.

Currently members of the Supreme Court serve 10-year terms and may be retained until the mandatory retirement age of 72. Court of Appeals judges serve eight-year terms and can be retained until the same age.

Proposed Amendment 40 would limit judges in both courts to two terms of four years, in addition to an initial, appointed term of two years.

Judges are appointed to the high courts by the governor, who chooses from three nominees proposed by a nominating commission, with members appointed by the governor, attorney general and Supreme Court chief justice.

After a two-year term, judges go before the voters for retention. After the first retention, judges only go before voters every eight to 10 years, for the Court of Appeals and Supreme Court respectively.

Amendment 40 would allow for votes of retention every four years, and limit the number of retentions to two, for a total of 10 years, with the initiatory two-year appointed term.

When a judge goes before the voters for retention, the Commissions on Judicial Performance - appointed by the governor, president of the senate, speaker of the house and chief justice - provide voters with an evaluation of the judge and a recommendation of whether or not to retain the judge.

There are no Supreme Court justices up for retention in 2006. All Court of Appeals judges subject to Archuleta County residents have been recommended for approval.

No Supreme Court justice or Court of Appeals judge has ever been removed by a retention election in Colorado.

Proponents of the amendment say it would check the influence a single judge could have on the legal system, while providing new perspectives to the courts, by remedying the lack of effective means to remove a judge from the bench.

Increasing the frequency of retention elections would make judges more accountable to the public, say supporters.

Opponents warn that the amendment would force five Supreme Court justices and seven Court of Appeals judges from office in 2009. This would give the sitting governor power to appoint a majority of Supreme Court justices and many Court of Appeals judges at that time - potentially influencing the balance of power.

This flurry of likely partisan appointments would recur every ten years.

Opponents also point out that judges are already held accountable by performance evaluations, retention elections, oversight commissions, possible impeachment and mandatory retirement; and further argue that the amendment would force experienced and knowledgable judges to step down, despite their records.

In addition to proposed Amendment 40, and the other amendments and referenda covered by this paper, voters will be asked to choose sides on a number of other statewide ballot measures:

Proposed Amendment 42 would raise Colorado's minimum wage from $5.15 to $6.85 per hour and adjust the rate yearly for inflation. The amendment would also raise the wage of tipped workers from $2.13 to $3.83 per hour, also to be adjusted yearly for inflation.

Proponents say a raise to the minimum wage is long overdue and would help the working poor make ends meet, while improving the economy by raising the morale of workers.

Opponents say the increase could hurt the economy by raising costs and prices. They argue that the raise could actually hurt workers by discouraging employers from hiring low-wage workers. Additionally, they warn that, as a constitutional amendment, the measure would make it more difficult to respond to economic and labor conditions, by requiring any change in the minimum wage to go to the voters.

Proposed Amendment 43 would enact that "only a union of one man and one woman shall be valid or recognized as a marriage in this state."

Colorado state statute currently defines marriage as only the union between a man and a woman.

Related to Amendment 43 is proposed Referendum I, which would change statutory law regarding domestic partnerships.

The referendum, already passed by the Colorado legislature but up for voter approval, would define a new legal relationship (domestic partnerships) that would grant same-sex couples legal protections and responsibilities similar to those held by married couples, though prohibiting them from becoming legally "married."

Under the law, domestic partners would have access to each other's health care and employee benefits, could make medical decisions for their partner if he or she could not, receive worker's compensation benefits available to spouses and initiate lawsuits, based on spousal status, such as wrongful death.

Proponents argue that committed same-sex partners deserve access to the same rights of married couples, while stating that defining the domestic partnership relationship will not impact the state's definition of marriage.

The law would also establish legal standards of responsibility and provide a structure for the resolution of conflict between same-sex couples.

Opponents argue that domestic partnerships would reduce the significance of marriage and point out that no other social pairs living together receive all of the benefits of married couples - while any two people can jointly own property, determine inheritance with a will or assign power of attorney.

Referendums H an K deal with illegal immigration.

H would increase state income tax for some businesses that deduct compensation paid to unauthorized aliens.

Proponents say the measure would discourage businesses from hiring illegal workers, thus opening up jobs for legal residents.

Opponents are skeptical that the referendum would have any effect on illegal immigration, since it would only impact businesses that voluntarily disclose that they have hired unauthorized workers.

Referendum K would require Colorado to sue the federal government, on its own or with other states, to demand enforcement of federal immigration laws.

Several states have sued the federal government to recover costs related to illegal immigration, such as education, incarceration and health care. To date, no lawsuit has been successful.

Colorado legislators have already directed the state attorney general, through legislation, to pursue all means available to recuperate such costs from the federal government.

Supporters of the amendment point to the over $200 million Colorado spends on illegal immigrants every year, while opponents argue that lawsuits would cost additional taxpayer funds without effect.

Referendum E would reduce property taxes for veterans with a 100 percent permanent disability rating.

Referendum F would revise the statutes governing recall elections, giving the state government greater flexibility and control over the process.

Referendum G would remove obsolete provisions and language from portions of the state constitution.

Other statewide ballot measures address petitions, school district spending requirements, ethics in government, and marijuana law - and have been discussed in detail in previous editions of this paper.

Further information on all statewide initiatives can be found at www.elections.colorado.gov.


High school parent/teacher conferences Wednesday

Parent/teacher conferences will be held at Pagosa Springs High School 1-6 p.m. Wednesday, Oct. 11.

With the fourth week of the term underway, the conference is an excellent time for parents to work with their student and his/her teachers to address any academic or behavior deficiencies. Parents are urged to try to attend this event.

As you enter the commons area, you will receive your student's schedule at the front table from one of the secretaries - Kim Forrest or Melissa McDonald. All of the teachers will be seated at tables in the commons area with signs attached to their table. Should you have difficulty in locating a teacher, ask one of the secretaries or administrators. A five-minute conversation between parent, student and teacher can go far in helping the student be successful.

After or before meeting with the teacher, parents are welcome to visit with the assistant principal, Sean O'Donnell, or principal, David Hamilton. Also, Mark Thompson, the Pagosa Springs High School counselor, will be present to assist parents and students. Thompson can also assist parents interested in accessing their child's online student academic and attendance records.


County to conduct courthouse tours for public

With county voters facing a ballot question that, if approved, would pump more money into planning, design and construction of a new courthouse and jail facilities, the county is offering tours of the current Archuleta County Courthouse and jail Oct. 20.

Special Project Manager Sheila Berger said, "It's an opportunity for residents to see behind the scenes of county government, and it's another step toward government transparency."

Berger said tour participants will see, first-hand, working conditions inside the courthouse and the tours are part of the county's ongoing, public education efforts, and are designed to "generate awareness as to why we need new county facilities - particularly a jail."

Tours start at 9,10 and 11 a.m., and at 1, 2 and 3 p.m., Oct 20. Tours are limited to 10 people.

Participants will meet behind the courthouse in the parking lot outside the elections office.

For more information, or to make a reservation, call 264-8300.


Holiday decorating highlights Republican Women's meeting

By Barbara Rawlins

Special to The SUN

The Archuleta County Republican Women will hold their regular meeting at 11:30 a.m. Tuesday, Oct. 10. at Boss Hogg's Restaurant.

A special program, "Table Settings and Decorations for the Holidays," will be presented by Lvonne Wilson, owner of Home Again in Pagosa Springs. Lvonne is well known in the community for her decorating talents. Come join us for lunch, meet our members and enjoy a delightful program.

Our organization was established four years ago and is open to all registered Republican women as members and to registered Republican men as associate members.

Luncheon meetings are held the second Tuesday of each month at 11:30 a.m. at Boss Hogg's Restaurant. We promote Republican ideals and candidates, participate in community services and provide educational programs for our members. We welcome new members but there is not an obligation to join.

For additional information, call Barbara at 731-9916.


United Way in Archuleta County

By Tom and Ming Steen

Special to The PREVIEW

The Archuleta County Education Center, Inc. and the Archuleta County Victim Assistance Program, Inc. are two highly successful and highly valued local nonprofits.

Don't let the "Archuleta County" in their titles mislead you; focus on the "Inc."

They are not departments nor do they have any direct affiliations with county offices. They are unaffiliated, homegrown 501(c)(3) nonprofits that began and continue to grow to meet recognized needs and problems in our community. Both of these organizations embrace education as their primary reason for being, and are among the many American nonprofits that are overwhelmingly meeting needs that local, state and national government entities are unable to fulfill. They are also among the many nonprofits that have to continually struggle to maintain multiple and diversified streams of revenue to ensure their yearly existence and survival.

The mission of The Education Center is to foster responsible citizenship through education. Few in this community fully grasp the breadth of educational offerings provided through their programs. Following is an attempt to provide an overview.

At the time of incorporating in 1989, the primary program emphasis was adult literacy and basic skills. To meet other needs of the community, program goals quickly expanded to include GED training, adult vocational skills training, and continuing education. Class focus ranges from computer classes to first aid/CPR classes to foreign language classes. ESL classes for new immigrants or guest workers have continually grown over the years. Early on, The Education Center became partners with Pueblo Community College (PCC) to provide the administration and coordination of PCC classes offered locally and began providing Internet access and support for other post-secondary distance learning opportunities.

In 1997, The Education Center targeted positive youth development as a major, new program focus. Through a partnership between The Education Center and Archuleta County School District, a variety of alternative and after-school programs targeting youth issues were developed and have been continually offered for the past ten years. The over-arching goal has been to keep youth in school until they graduate. These programs include extensive after-school tutoring and enrichment programs in all grade levels. They include an alternative high school/dropout recovery program. Teens are hired for after-school job skills training and apprenticeships with local businesses. Thirty-seven different local businesses and professionals mentored teens last year in on-the-job training positions. Junior high and high school students are hired every year to work as after-school tutors in the elementary, middle and junior high schools. Last year this program provided more than 12,000 adult and teen tutoring contact hours. The Education Center's payroll for each year of the past decade has been nearly 100 or more employees; of these fully 60 percent were teens paid for after-school job-shadowing experiences or after-school tutoring assignments.

United Way in Archuleta County is committed to assist The Education Center meet the financial need of offering this wide range of educational opportunities for next year. This funding, allocated from the money being raised during the current United Way campaign, will be used as scholarships to allow adults and youth, who otherwise would not be able, to attend training or relevant educational or community services that meet their individual needs.

The Archuleta County Victim Assistance Program (ACVAP) is the only victim assistance program in Archuleta County. Without local services, victims would be forced to rely on themselves to make sense of their situation. This would most often result in self-blame, with unsuccessful efforts to "fix it." The reality, though, is they cannot fix it. Many batterers and sex offenders do not perceive themselves as having a problem, much less willing to take responsibility for their behavior, yet they are the only ones who can fix their behavior, not the victims. This is where victim services are essential to end the violence, through the safety and empowerment of victims and the accountability of offenders.

ACVAP provides 24-hour services to victims of violence, mostly domestic violence and sexual assault. It additionally serves other victims including homicide survivors and witnesses; abused elders; other types of family violence; and assault. Last ACVAP assists non-crime victims, where their lives are disrupted due to sudden mishap or loss including incidents of sudden death of a loved one or any other traumatizing event where advocacy and support can be helpful.

Beyond direct victim services, ACVAP also works to educate and promote public awareness to Archuleta County residents, including children, through professional presentations, consultation and educational seminars. Their Community Outreach Program actively pursues opportunities to inform and educate local community groups and individuals, from general awareness building to specialized training workshops. Additionally, the ACVAP Youth Violence Prevention Education Program provides comprehensive education services to students, teachers, school administration personnel, and other youth workers to deconstruct misconceptions surrounding domestic and sexual violence while providing youth practical tools to increase the safety of themselves and their peers.

ACVAP's inception began in 1997 when President Reagan's Task Force on Victims of Crime deemed our judicial system a failure to victims. This task force found that our judicial system does not honor and protect victims of violent crime. Some felt this was true in Archuleta County at that time - victims had no resources to be safe while continuing to be re-victimized without adequate support from the very system that was meant to protect them.

The funding that United Way in Archuleta County provides to ACVAP will be used to support the court Advocacy Program, which works to ensure that the rights of victims are met. The court system can be an extremely intimidating and overwhelming process for anyone. Victims very often are thrown into a complex court procedure with little or no understanding of the process or what the course of action will be.

The Court Advocate Program has one part-time paid staff person who is available for victims during two separate types of court proceedings: criminal and civil. Throughout both advocacy processes, the court advocate is continually informing and educating victims of their rights, ensuring that they not only understand them but also utilize them.

Today ACVAP is staffed with four professional advocates and fourteen trained volunteers. In 2005 a total of 419 victims in Archuleta County were provided nearly 6,000 hours of advocacy and support services; this represented a 17-percent increase from 2004 in the number of domestic violence victims served.

Violence affects the community as a whole. The direct impacts on victims, witnesses, children, friends and family also indirectly impacts the workplace, schools, family systems, financial institutions, housing corporations, and many other community agencies. ACVAP works to lessen the effects of victimization not only to the victims, but the community.

United Way in Archuleta County hopes to raise $67,500 through donations during their current campaign. Part of this has been pledged to each of the above organizations to support their efforts to address educational issues in Archuleta County. Donations may be sent to United Way of Southwest Colorado, P.O. Box 4274, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.

Next week we will report on three agencies targeting issues of family support that United Way plans to assist with funds raised during this year's campaign in Archuleta County.


Archuleta County 4-H Achievement Night results

By Pamela Bomkamp

Special to The SUN

Archuleta County 4-H hosted its 2006 Achievement Awards Friday, Sept. 22, in the newly renovated Fairgrounds Exhibit Hall. Over 175 attended this annual event to pay tribute to all of the hard working 4-H members and to acknowledge everyone's success.

A record book is not meant to be a chore; instead it is a way for youth to learn life skills. Record books are judged by people who have had some previous experience in 4-H.

Record books are divided by projects. Within each class, they are divided into the following categories: Junior (ages 8-10), Intermediate (ages 11-13) and Senior (ages 14 and older). The awards for Top Livestock Record Books are sponsored by 4-H Council.

Winners for Top Livestock Record Books include:

- Beef: Junior, Morgan Schaaf; Intermediate, Taylor McKee; Senior, Jordan Caler.

- Swine: Junior, Isaiah Class-Erickson; Intermediate, Keturah Class-Erickson; Senior, Stephanie Zenz.

- Lamb: Junior, Lindsay Martinez; Intermediate, Re'ahna Ray; Senior, Raesha Ray.

- Goat: Junior, Kaylee Fitzwater; Intermediate, Keturah Class-Erickson; Senior, Waylon Lucero.

- Rabbit: Junior, Tiana Pico; Intermediate, Katarina Medici; Intermediate, Chad Condon.

- Turkey: Junior, Luke DeVooght; Intermediate, Bethany Wanket; Senior, Laci Jones.

- Horse: Junior, Shaylah Lucero; Senior, Jacilyn Harms.

- Ranch Horse: Junior, Cody Snow; Senior, Courtney Guilliams.

- Pet Rabbit: Junior, Rowan Taylor; Intermediate, Cheyann Walker.

Livestock Achievement Awards are based on the 4-H member's performance throughout the project. Attitude, hard work, eagerness to learn, preparedness and respect for not only the leaders but also for other 4-H members is vital. This award is based on the member and has nothing to do with how they placed at fair.

- Beef Achievement Awards were sponsored by K R Simmentals and awarded to: Senior, Jessie Stewart; Intermediate, Jocelyn Havens; Junior, Alonso Hernandez.

- Heifer Recognition Certificate: Crissy Ferguson.

- Swine Achievement Awards were sponsored by 4-H Council, Don and Fern Shahan, and ShowTec and presented to Haleigh Zenz and Shelby Schofield.

- Sheep Achievement Award was sponsored by J.R. Ford and the Pagosa Cattle Company and given to Cody Shahan.

- Rabbit Achievement Award was sponsored by Don and Fern Shahan and awarded to Chad Condon.

- Turkey Achievement Award was sponsored by Don and Fern Shahan and presented to Breanna Voorhis.

- Ranch Horse Project Achievement Award was sponsored by the Shahan Ranch and presented to Hailey Archuleta.

- Top Goat Keeper Awards were sponsored by Basin CoOp, Village Feed and Supply, Living Picture Ranch and Hoegger Supply Company. Junior Top Goat Keeper - Isaiah Class Erickson; Intermediate Top Goat Keeper - Keturah Class-Erickson; Senior Top Goat Keeper - Waylon Lucero; Rookie Goat Keeper - Kayla Walker.

- Several Special Rabbit Awards presented by Brenda Wanket were sponsored by Colorado Construction including the Rabbit Photography Contest winner that was presented to Shea Johnson.

The 4-H Livestock Carcass Contest is judged by a USDA inspector and rated. This contest is sponsored by Mike and Carmen Ferguson of Ferguson Construction and the Archuleta County Fair Board.

- Steer: First, Victoria Espinosa; Second, Daniel Martinez; Third, Chrissy Ferguson.

- Swine: First, Stephanie Zenz; Second, Tayler McKee; Third, Dean Scott.

- Lamb: First, Raesha Ray; Second, Hunter Williams; Third, Cheyann Dixon.

- Goat: First, Isaiah Class-Erickson; Second, Shea Johnson; Third, Kelsi Lucero .

Average Daily Gain is the average rate of gain per animal. Animals are weighed in at the beginning of the project and at Fair. The days are figured and the weight is divided to come up with the best rate of gain for each species. Average Daily Gain medallions are sponsored by 4-H Council.

- Steer: First, Crissy Ferguson; Second, Jordan Caler; Third, Antonio Espinosa.

- Swine: First, David McRee; Second, Dusty Tunnell; Third, Waylon Lucero.

- Lamb: First, Kalie Ray; Second, Re'ahna Ray; Third, Tyler Martinez.

- Goat: First, Keturah Class-Erickson; Second, Isaiah Class-Erickson; Third, Shea Johnson.

Rocky Mountain Rider Awards were sponsored by the Rocky Mountain Riders 4-H Club. Awards and winners are as follows: Club and Horse Project Participation, Shaylah Lucero; Best Officer, Jamilyn Harms; Most Improved Rider-Novice, Jessica Tanner; Most Improved Rider-Level 1, Jaclyn Harms; Most Improved Horse-Novice, Jennifer Smith; Most Improved Horse-Level 1, Brooke Cumbie; Best Demonstration, Satara Vanderbeek; Most Entertaining Member, Sierra Riggs; Amateur Horse Trainer, Bailey Wessels-Halvorson.

Inside Project Achievement Awards are given to a member in each project based on their performance throughout the year. Their positive attitude, preparedness for meetings, eagerness to learn and respect for the leaders and their peers is key to this award.

The following list are of the projects that we had members in last year: Cake Decorating, Tristen Bennett; Photography, Spence Scott; Leathercraft, Anna Ball; Vet Science, Joey Onello; Dog Obedience, Justin Duncan; Leadership, Brayden Mitchell; Heritage Arts: Knitting, Gavin Ross; Quilting, Maiah Bennett. GPS/GIS, sponsored by Upper San Juan Search and Rescue, Inc.: Austin DeVooght. Foods and Nutrition Awards, sponsored by Terry's Ace Hardware: Girl, Kaylee Fitzwater; Boy, Nick Toth. Shooting Sports Archery, sponsored by 4-H Shooting Sports Club: Tyler Martinez. Entomology, sponsored by Charlie King: Crystal Purcell.

Community Pride Awards are given to all 4-H clubs that have participated in at least one community service project for this year. Those clubs included: Shady Pine, Colorado Mountaineers, Rocky Mountaineer Riders, Colorado Kids, Jr. Stockman, Pagosa Peaks and Pagosa Springs Rockers.

Outstanding Club of the Year Award. The 4-H club secretary book decides this award. It is dependant upon completion of secretaries book including but not limited to: all the club members listed, attendance, minutes of meeting, activities reported, community service reported and the "Program for the Year" form filled out and the final report completed. The 4-H Council sponsors a pizza party for this club. Secretary: Tayler McKee; 4-H Club of the Year, Colorado Mountaineers.

4-H Youth Leader of the Year goes to the 4-H member who is outstanding in their leadership and is nominated by the entire 4-H membership of Archuleta County. The 2006 Archuleta County 4-H Member of the Year is Anna Ball.

Top Chuck Wagon Ticket Seller. 4-H members are expected to participate in countywide fund-raisers. Every ticket sold helps pay for awards like those given out on Achievement Night, and also helps defray costs of the camps. Hats off to the members who work so very hard at helping the 4-H council funds. Highest ticket seller is Tayler McKee.

Top Cookie Dough Seller. Our cookie dough fund-raiser raises funds for 4-H Council to purchase all the awards sponsored at Achievement Night. Money raised this year also paid for the Exhibit Hall upgrades and improvements. Congratulations to Max Miller, who sold 185 tubs.


Cancer: Be a voice in your own treatment

By Linda Lovendahl

Special to The SUN

October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month.

Currently, a woman living in the United States has a 13.2 percent, or a 1-in-8 lifetime risk of developing breast cancer in 2006. Those in the age 40 bracket statistically have a 1.46 percent, or 1-in-68 chance of risk.

Julia Buenafe, of Pagosa Springs, was 42 years old when her cancer was found.

Julia and husband, Russ, are a familiar sight to other fishermen on the many small lakes sprinkled throughout Pagosa Country. They moved from the Corona area of Southern California about six years ago for the prime Colorado experience found in this town famous for its hot springs. To their surprise and disappointment, right after settling in, Julia was diagnosed with breast cancer.

In Archuleta County, it is expected statistically that seven women will be diagnosed with breast cancer this year, and one of them will die. Early detection is key to saving lives through self exams and mammography.

In 2003-2004, 71 percent of all new cases reported were detected and treated early. Early treatment statistics show a 95-percent survival rate for the next five years. Many times, survival is longer than five years, but this is the standard measurement within the medical community.

"Life went fast for me after the diagnosis," Buenafe said. "It was a challenge to accept my situation and deal with it. Within six months all the surgery and treatments were finished. I'm still involved in the cancer community today because I received such good support and information. I want to let others know cancer doesn't have to be all bad."

Buenafe brings her message of hope to those who talk with her in her daily life and those who saw her in Durango's Pine Ribbon Affair Fashion Show last year when she modeled a casual blue jean outfit. She also served as the entertainment committee chairman for the 2006 Relay For Life and will serve in that capacity again this June for the 2007 Relay. This is the event which raises more money than any other in the Great West Division of the American Cancer Society.

"One of my family members asked me if I was going to drop the cancer involvement once I recovered and leave it all behind me," Buenafe said. "But I don't want to, because I made good friends.

"We all are scared, and tears are cried, but cancer does not have to be traumatic."

Buenafe's key to comfort was asking questions and getting valuable information to use for her decision making. From administrators to physicians to fellow patients during treatment, Julia felt grounded and secure.

"Not all of the cancer experience is bad," she said, "there is good that comes out of it. One of those good things is learning how to be a voice in my own treatment."

Buenafe bonded with people in ways she never had the opportunity to do before in her life. "When I get together with survivors, I have fun," she said.

To find out more about self exams and early prevention, contact the American Cancer Society in Durango at 247-0278 or go online to www.americancancersociety.com.

The Women's Health Coalition of Southwest Colorado is sponsoring the 12th annual Pink Ribbon Affair at 6:30 p.m. Wednesday, Oct. 11, at the La Plata County Fairgrounds Exhibit Hall. This fund-raiser features a local breast cancer survivor's style show, live and silent auction, surprise speaker and gourmet dinner. The mission of the coalition is to educate everyone about breast health issues, provide free services to under served women in the area and promote early detection of breast cancer. For information contact bj.boucher@cancer.org.


- As many as 500 women in Colorado will die of this dreaded disease in 2006.

- Approximately 70 percent of women with breast cancer had no identifiable risk factor.

- On the average, mammograms detect 90 percent of breast cancers in women with no symptoms. Timely mammography, every one to two years for women aged 40 and older, can reduce mortality by approximately 20-25 percent over 10 years.

- Two simple tests can save a life: a mammogram and a pap smear.



Full Moon Program set at Chimney Rock site tomorrow

By Caroline Brown

Special to The SUN

Visitors and locals alike have one last in 2006 to enjoy the Chimney Rock site in 2006 and the magical sound of the Native American flute, played by Charles Martinez.

The season-closing program is scheduled for tomorrow, Oct. 6.

Martinez, a native Pagosan of Jicarilla Apache and Navajo heritage, is a master of the traditional style of Indian flute playing and a local crowd pleaser of many years.

While awaiting the moon's approximate 6:30 p.m. arrival near the Great House Pueblo site, visitors will learn about the Ancestral Puebloans, the archaeological relationship of Chimney Rock to Chaco Canyon, and archaeoastronomy theories.

Tickets are $15, and reservations are required, as these popular programs are generally sold out in advance. Visitors should schedule two to three hours for the evening's event. Due to the program length and the hike involved to the mesa top, the program is not recommended for children under 12.

The gate will be open from 5 to 5:30 p.m. for those attending the full moon program. Late arrivals cannot be accommodated. The program begins at 6.

As an added feature to the Full Moon Program, the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association (CRIA) offers an optional guided early tour of the lower archaeological sites at Chimney Rock for an additional fee of $5. The gate opens at 4 p.m. for those who have signed up for the early tour prior to the Full Moon Program.

Visitors need to come prepared for the outdoors by bringing a flashlight - a necessity in navigating down the trail after the program, warm clothing, good walking shoes, and a blanket or cushion to sit on during the program. A "light brigade" of CRIA volunteers is stationed along the trail to assist visitors as they return to their vehicles. The view back to the mesa top from below features an unforgettable view as the stream of lights snakes down the trail. In the event of bad weather, the program will be canceled and possibly rescheduled for the following evening.

Chimney Rock Archeological Area is located 17 miles west of Pagosa Springs, three miles south of U.S. 160 on Colo. 151. The Chimney Rock Visitor Cabin closes Saturday, Sept. 30, so tickets can only be secured from this venue until 4 p.m. that day, by calling 883-5359. The cabin is open daily from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. For reservations and more information, starting Monday, Oct. 2, call the CRIA office at 264-2287 from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Monday through Friday. General information is always available on the Web site at www.chimneyrockco.org.

Note: For those interested in the Major Lunar Standstill, the moon will not rise between Chimney Rock and Companion Rock during this Full Moon Program event. This season's MLS tickets are sold out, with final 2007 season tickets going on sale to the public in May 2007.

Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, Inc., sponsors the Full Moon Program in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa Ranger District.


Conference to look at climate change in the San Juan Mountains

The Mountain Studies Institute together with Fort Lewis College invite the public to the "Climate Variability and Change in the San Juan Mountains: A Stakeholder-Scientist Dialogue" conference, running Oct. 11-12 in the Fort Lewis College Ballroom, and Oct. 13 in Silverton.

The Oct. 12 conference is designed to encourage the development of a "stakeholder-driven climate research, outreach and partnership program" called the San Juan Mountain Climate Initiative. Scientists and local stakeholders will have the opportunity to meet and discuss the implications of climate variability and change in the San Juans.

Also included in the conference will be a poster presentation by professional scientists, faculty, and students; and a free public reception and keynote address by Jonathan Overpeck, director of the Institute for the Study of Planet Earth, professor at the University of Arizona, and vice-president of the Mountain Studies Institute.

On Friday, Oct. 13, a hike and tour of the Swamp Angel study area near Silverton will be offered. The day will also feature a presentation on historic and current research being conducted in the Silverton area and the San Juan Mountains, and a tour of the Mountain Studies Institute headquarters at the historic Avon Hotel. Also that afternoon, U.S. Rep. John Salazar will be at the Avon at 3 p.m. for a ribbon-cutting ceremony and to discuss the future of renewable energy resources in Southern Colorado.

Additional sponsors of the event include the University of Arizona, the University of Colorado, Western Water Assessment, CIRES, NOAA, BLM, U.S. Forest Service, the Town of Silverton, San Juan County and the Environmental Center at Fort Lewis College.

Registration is free. Register by Oct. 6 to obtain a free lunch and parking pass. To learn more about the conference, register, or become a sponsor, visit www.mountainstudies.org/conference, e-mail info@mountainstudies.org, or call (970) 387-5161 or (970) 426-8863.


San Juan Public Lands firewood permits on sale

National Forest and Bureau of Land Management firewood permits are on sale at San Juan Public Lands offices and selected retail outlets for the 2006 season.

Permits, which cost $10 each, are divided into two half-cord tags, so the full cord does not have to be gathered at one time. Permits are good until Dec. 31, 2006.

Each household may purchase permits to gather up to 10 cords of firewood per year for personal use. Gathering firewood for resale requires a commercial permit.

Permits, which come with a brochure and map, are available at the Pagosa Ranger District/Field Office, 2nd and Pagosa streets.

National Forest and BLM roads are not plowed for snow removal. Updates on road conditions may be obtained at local agency offices or on the Web at: www.fs.fed.us/r2/sanjuan

For more information, contact the San Juan Public Lands Center at 247-4874.


Comments sought on proposed mineral estates exchange

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

The San Luis Public Lands Center is considering an exchange of mineral estates with ATAH II LLC, Catspaw Inc, and Navajo LLC, collectively referred to as the Banded Peak Ranches (BPR). As part of the environmental analysis process, the Forest Service is inviting public comments regarding the proposed exchange.

The Banded Peaks Ranches propose to acquire the federal oil and gas mineral rights beneath approximately 16,176 acres of non-federal lands owned by BPR.

In exchange, the complete mineral estate owned by BPR beneath 19,725 acres of National Forest System lands within the Rio Grande National Forest would be conveyed to the United States.

BPR acquired the oil and gas mineral rights beneath said federal lands through a land exchange initiated in the 1940s.

The lands that BPR owns and would like to obtain the oil and gas mineral rights to are generally located between the South San Juan Wilderness Area and the western boundary of the Tierra Amarilla Grant in southeast Archuleta County. They include properties within Township 33 North, Range 2 East.

The lands owned by the National Forest that BPR owns the mineral rights to, which are the rights that would be transferred to the United States, are located between the eastern boundary of the Tierra Amarilla Grant and the western Conejos County line. They include properties within Township 33 North, Ranges 3 and 4 East.

This exchange of mineral estates would be completed subject to valid existing rights. Values of the respective mineral estates would be determined by appraisal, and any imbalance would be equalized with a cash payment within the limits established by law. This payment cannot exceed 25 percent of the value of the lands transferred out of federal ownership.

The BPR action is consistent with a process involving the establishment of conservation easements on some or all of their properties, and Western Land Group, Inc., 1760 High St., Denver, Colo. 80218, has been retained by BPR to facilitate this mineral rights exchange.

All written comments should be sent to: BPR Mineral Exchange, San Luis Valley Public Lands Center, 1803 W. U.S. 160, Monte Vista, CO 81144, or e-mailed to: comments-rocky-mountain-rio-grande@fs.fed.us.

For detailed legal descriptions of the properties involved in this proposed exchange, or for those with questions or the need for further information, contact Ruben Martinez at the San Luis Valley Public Lands Center, (719) 852-5941.

Persons claiming such properties or having valid objections to this proposed exchange must file their claims or objections with Forest Supervisor, Rio Grand National Forest, 1803 W. U.S. 160, Monte Vista, CO 81144, within 45 days of this publication.


DOW investigates grizzly bear report

The Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW) is investigating a report of a grizzly bear sighting.

The DOW has occasionally received reports of grizzly bears in the past, but to date, no report has been confirmed. The most recent report was made by two hunters who have past experience with both grizzlies and black bears. The sighting took place Sept. 20 in the San Isabel National Forest near Independence Pass.

The two hunters reported watching a female grizzly bear and two cubs at a distance of about 80 yards for approximately a minute through binoculars and a spotting scope. The bears were observed in a clearing. The hunters were unable to find tracks or scat after the bears moved on.

On Sept. 23, three DOW officers searched the site on foot for physical evidence. No evidence confirming the presence of a grizzly bear was found. DOW personnel will make another attempt to follow up on the report later this week.

Based on a 1979 event, the DOW cannot discount the possibility of grizzlies existing in Colorado. On Sept. 23, 1979, an outfitter on an archery elk hunt, was attacked by a female grizzly in the San Juan National Forest. He survived the attack, but the grizzly was killed. Prior to that incident, it was commonly believed that grizzlies had been extirpated from Colorado.

For more information on grizzly bears please visit:

- The Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks' Bear Identification Program, http://fwp.mt.gov/bearid/.

- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, http://mountain-prairie.fws.gov/species/mammals/grizzly/.

- Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, http://www.fs.fed.us/r1/wildlife/igbc/.


Hunter education classes coming soon

Hunter education classes will be held at the Colorado Mounted Ranger Building, 302 San Juan St. (just east of Seeds of Learning Daycare Center), Oct. 19-20 and Nov. 2-3. Cost is $20 per student.

Times are 6-10 p.m. for the Thursday sessions and 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Fridays. Students must attend Thursday and Friday. Students wanting to attend just the Friday session will not be admitted.

These courses will be open to anyone wishing to obtain a hunter safety card. If you were born on or after Jan. 1, 1949, you are required to have a hunter safety card before you can purchase a hunting license. These will be the last classes taught in Pagosa Springs in 2006.

All programs, services and activities of the Colorado Division of Wildlife are operated in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act. If you need accommodation due to a disability, please contact Doug Purcell, Mike Reid or James Romero at 264-2131, or Don Volger at 264-4151, Ext. 239. To assure that the Division of Wildlife can meet your needs, notify Justin, Doug, Mike or Don at least seven days before the class.

This course is sponsored by the Pagosa Springs Police Department in conjunction with the Colorado Division of Wildlife.


New electronic newsletter from SJMA

The San Juan Mountains Association (SJMA) has announced a new electronic newsletter called "Learning on the Land," a conservation education-based publication for teachers and educators in the Four Corners region.

Each monthly issue provides background information on a thematic natural resource, classroom activities, and suggestions for field studies on local public lands sites.

This e-newsletter is part of SJMA's ongoing efforts to enhance conservation education efforts and to create direct connections between people and their public land. The September 2006 issue, called "Wonderful Wetlands," is now available.

The San Juan Mountains Association, in partnership with the San Juan Public Lands Center, promotes responsible care of natural and cultural resources through education and hands-on involvement that inspires respect and reverence for our lands. For more information on this local nonprofit organization, visit the Web site at www.sjma.org.

To subscribe to this complimentary e-newsletter, contact Gabi More; send an e-mail to gabi@sjma.org or call (970) 385-1256.


Children Discovering Nature at the Hershey Ranch

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

Imagine growing up in Pagosa Springs and not developing an interest in the natural environment. Incredibly, some do.

Even living amid soaring peaks and vast wilderness areas, crystalline rivers, and diverse wildlife, many area youngsters prefer TV, video games, or surfing the Web to a good walk in the woods. Of course, physical surroundings notwithstanding, they're no different than most kids across America.

Therein, lies the concern.

According to the University of Illinois, "Studies indicate that children who spend lots of time outdoors have longer attention spans than kids who watch lots of television and play video games."

Indeed, if you've watched much television lately, or seen many of the video games available to today's youth, you may understand why. The staff and volunteers of Durango Nature Studies certainly do, and they're working to effect change.

Every autumn for the past four years, DNS has presented a popular science-based program to all Pagosa Springs Elementary School second-, third- and fourth-graders. The cost per student is just three dollars.

Entitled "Children Discovering Nature," the two-part program begins with an hour of classroom science activities that compliment existing curriculum and prepare students for a field trip. Studies include insect lifecycles and anatomy, the importance of water and its movements, and the diversity and basic classifications of local flora and fauna.

Sometime in the following week or two, students embark on a three-hour outing at the historic Four Mile Ranch north of town. Trained volunteer naturalists guide groups of 10 or so through a variety of habitats, where they capture and observe insects, examine creek and beaver pond life, while searching for animal signs and discovering predator/prey concepts.

In a recent interview, DNS executive director Allison Pease said, "Studies show that children learn best when we engage multiple senses, which is easier done outside, rather than in a classroom setting. By teaching critical thinking skills outside their regular box (TV, classroom, etc.), while using nature as a classroom, they also retain more information."

While Durango Nature Studies has offered science-based education to people of all ages across the Four Corners in the past 12 years, Four Mile Ranch owner Terry Hershey and ranch manager Alan Farrow have provided the physical resources for the Pagosa Springs program. Hershey has also contributed vital funding and assisted in obtaining necessary grants.

For more information on Durango Nature Studies and their programs, or to financially assist this valuable 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, contact program director Becky Gillette or executive director Allison Pease at (970) 382-9244. You may visit their Web site at durangonaturestudies.org.


Hunters: Watch for meandering moose

An elk hunter silently walks through the dense lodgepole pine forest and spots a large, dark brown animal. Peering through the rifle scope and noticing the animal doesn't flee, the hunter decides to take a better look through binoculars and discovers the animal is not an elk - it's a moose!

This scene has become increasingly more common in Colorado. "The moose population is expanding and hunters need to identify their animals when hunting big game," said Bob Davies a senior biologist with the Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW).

Colorado has three primary areas where moose have been established, but moose are solitary individuals that have been known to wander long distances. Many hunters are surprised to learn that moose are not just found by ponds, lakes and willow stands.

Unfortunately, some elk hunters discover it was a moose after they pulled the trigger. According to Davies, hunters have mistakenly killed moose in all types of habitat, even above timberline.

"There is no pattern to where moose are typically found," Davies said. "Hunters have mistakenly killed moose in open meadows, lodgepole pine forests and steep hillside areas where elk are found." The length of time a hunter is able to watch an animal should provide a clue that it's not an elk. "When an elk sees a hunter in the field, it will usually flee immediately. But that's not the way moose behave. A moose will stay put," said Davies.

An informal DOW survey discovered that out of 17 interviews conducted with people who shot a moose the hunters observed the animal for an average of 3.5 minutes.

"In most cases, the moose just stood there, which can be tempting to a hunter, especially if they think it's an elk," Davies said. "A good rule for hunters to remember is if the animal doesn't run away, it's probably not an elk."

Hunters need to be absolutely sure of their targets. "A good big game hunter always has a pair of binoculars to use," he said. "This will ensure the hunter can properly identify the target."

The DOW's law enforcement officers recognize that hunters will misidentify animals. "If the shooter reports the incident as soon as possible to the local officer, and the situation is deemed accidental, the DOW is willing to take that into consideration," said Bob Thompson, the DOW's assistant chief of law enforcement. The penalties for killing a moose can be in excess of $10,000.

During this year's deer and elk hunting seasons, the DOW is asking hunters to help the state's moose population. "Hunters need to be as ethical and careful as possible when harvesting animals and confirm their targets before taking that shot," said Thompson.

Moose and elk are vastly different in size, color, antler shape and habits. A mature bull moose weighs up to 1,200 pounds - about twice as much as the average bull elk. Moose are dark brown and appear almost black. Elk are light brown - a bull can be almost golden - with a pale yellow rump.

A moose has a very large, long nose and a "bell" under the throat, compared with the relatively narrow snout of an elk. A mature bull moose also has broad, flat antlers, unlike the pointed antlers of an elk. But the antlers on some young bull moose have not flattened out yet, so hunters need to look over the entire animal before pulling the trigger.

The largest member of the deer family, moose have adapted to a variety of habitats. They favor willows along streams and ponds, but "ridge runners" also forage in areas of lodgepole pine, oakbrush, aspen, spruce, fir and even sagebrush - in other words, areas wherever elk can be found.

The first moose re-transplanted into Colorado - 12 from Utah - were placed in the North Park region near Walden in 1978. The next year, another dozen were released in the Illinois River drainage. Some of those moose moved into the Laramie River Valley. By 1991, the North Park population was doing so well that some were moved to the upper Rio Grande drainage near Creede. During the last two years, moose have also been transplanted onto the Grand Mesa in western Colorado.

Colorado offers a variety of big game hunting seasons. The four primary deer and elk rifle hunting seasons are: Oct. 14-18, Oct. 21-29, Nov. 4-10 and Nov. 15-19.


High Country Reflections

Was it a Great American Elk Hunt, or just a great escape?

By Chuck McGuire

SUN Columnist

It had been a busy year and I felt drained. I'd become weary of deadlines and accountability, the weight of community, and all the social posturing it invariably commands. I needed a break - time away from my work, even family and friends. I longed for autonomy, craved quiet and seclusion.

But at last, all was at hand.

By Friday mid-morning, the truck was serviced and packed. Already, the temperature had climbed into the 50s under a clear October sky, showing promise of dry roads and leisurely travel during the three-hour drive to Montrose. With bills paid and farewells extended, I needed only gas before striking out on a 10-day junket to the woods of the Uncompahgre Plateau. By noon, I was well on my way.

The first of three big game rifle seasons opened at sunrise the following morning, and I held a cow elk tag for a specific game management unit encompassing the eastern two thirds of the plateau. The unit's western boundary is within a few miles of 40 wooded acres owned by three close friends - a personal retreat I've escaped to and camped on for the better part of 30 years. There, I planned to bivouac alone among the trees.

En route, I took my time traveling over highways with surprisingly light traffic. Being Friday, and the day before opening day, I expected more volume toward the progressive community known widely as the big game hunting capital of the U.S. But, for whatever reason, my journey was pleasant and uneventful, and I arrived in Montrose by mid-afternoon.

As I have on many trips to the same remote region, I first topped off my tank at the local Sinclair, then stocked up on groceries, propane, water and ice at a popular supermarket. A quick deli burrito served as the evening meal and soon after, I headed southwest up a dusty gravel road on the eastern flank of the plateau.

The ride from town to my friends' property takes an hour, as the preferred route rises more than 4,000 feet through increasingly primitive country. It begins at the outskirts amid arid adobe hills, but quickly climbs through low sage flats, then dense piñon/juniper forest. Eventually, the trees turn to Gambel oak and ponderosa pine, before gradually giving way to vast stands of aspen. Douglas fir and a few Engelmann spruce dominate the highest terrain over 10,000 feet, where afternoon temperatures are often 20 to 30 degrees cooler than town.

Said to be the largest plateau in the world, the Uncompahgre is roughly 70 miles wide and runs from northwest to southeast approximately 90 miles. While much of its terrain remains wild and relatively unsettled, three-quarters of it is public. Its diverse wildlife includes black bears, badgers, mountain lions, and an abundance of coyotes, mule deer and trophy elk.

I pulled onto the south end of the property about an hour before dark. The sky above was a deepening blue, while the still evening air brought a slight chill that had me reaching for a jacket. The sun dangled near the western horizon, its slanting rays still glimmering through the tops of the now leafless aspens. On the southern horizon, broad snowfields adorned the peaks of the San Miguel Mountains, their brilliant hues growing increasingly orange with the setting of the sun.

A merciful hush lay over the land, as I unloaded the truck. From somewhere near the center of the property, the sweet song of a mountain chickadee resonated through the mixed aspens and ponderosas, while in the distance, an occasional high-pitched whistle suggested the persistence of rutting elk. Otherwise, only my careful movements through the accumulation of leaves on the forest floor interrupted the obliging calm.

I set camp near a fire circle among the aspens, with the entrances of two 8-by-10 tents facing each other. One served as sleeping quarters, while the other held assorted hunting and fishing equipment, cooking and dining utensils, water jugs, and extra propane. I left two overflowing food and beverage coolers in the cab of the truck.

In the sleeping tent, I unrolled a 5-by-7 braided rug, placed a propane heater in one corner (with fuel line leading to an exterior tank), assembled a cot, pad and down bag in the opposite corner, and set a small folding table and chair. A clothing duffle and laundry bag went under the cot, and both tents held propane lanterns from ceiling hooks.

To facilitate cooking in inclement weather, I staked a large tarp over the space between tents. Beneath, another folding table supported a two-burner stove, lantern and plastic dish tub.

With camp set, I could finally relax, as night enveloped the woods. The cool night air quickly gave way to downright cold and within minutes, I retreated to the cot. It was still early, but I was tired, and the combined hum of the heater and glowing overhead lamp soon lulled me to sleep. At some point, I awakened long enough to extinguish the lamp and nestle further into the bag.

As intended, a small battery-powered alarm sounded at 5 a.m. Despite total darkness and 25 degrees, it was opening day and, based on prior scouting, I thought to position myself near a well-used game trail by daybreak.

Admittedly though, thoughts of leaving a balmy tent and comfortable down bag, only to sit motionless for a couple of hours in bone-chilling twilight, gave me pause. I wondered for a moment, if I was in complete control of my senses. Nevertheless, I lit the overhead lantern, dressed in warm orange layers and made coffee on the stove outside.

Steam from the percolator pervaded the forest with a rich robust aroma, as I downed a granola bar and banana, then warmed the truck. When the coffee was ready, I filled a thermos and poured a travel mug for the six-mile ride over rugged two-track roads.

In the 20 minutes from camp to the game trail, one handsome buck and a small band of does froze in the beam of my headlights. I had hoped to see an elk or two along the way, but the absence of other hunters tempered my disappointment, as I pulled into a turnout along a main forest road. Darkness still lingered, though the slightest glow was now visible in the east.

With a last sip of coffee, I slipped on a hat and warm gloves, strapped my binoculars around my neck and grabbed the Winchester from its window rack. With the truck locked and keys sufficiently stashed, I walked a hundred yards toward the game trail, before stopping in the early morning gloom to load five rounds in the magazine. With a few stars still twinkling overhead, I chambered one, then clicked on the safety.

In a few moments, I kneeled at the base of a large ponderosa not 30 yards from the trail. Nearby serviceberry bushes offered added concealment, as just enough light brought recognizable features into view up a shallow draw to the south. Among the ponderosas and occasional aspen, I could make out fallen snags, large boulders and broad stumps from old-growth logging operations of years past.

As I watched and waited, the cold settled in. First, my fingers stiffened, then went numb. Soon, I wiggled my toes to maintain feeling, and eventually, I stood up to improve circulation. Before long, I paced short distances back and forth, but even well-insulated pack boots couldn't fend off the chill. After an hour, I needed to walk to increase blood flow.

But then, just as I turned to wander up the trail, I noticed a sudden movement near the top of the draw. Easing back to the tree, I raised my glasses and saw a dozen elk, mostly cows with a few calves, nervously trotting toward the east.

While I looked on, their fluid motion carried them through the trees not a hundred yards distant. Twice they stopped, as if deciding which way to go, then crested a rise and quickly vanished over the opposing side.

I can't honestly say whether I could've taken an elk from that encounter, although it would have been legal and they were certainly within range. The truth is, I was not, and never have been, a serious big game hunter, and even with a legitimate cow tag on opening day, I became too enthralled with the animals' movements to think of raising my rifle.

I "hunted" again the next two mornings, but went out a bit later each time. In fact, I was content to drive forest roads in the same general area, thinking if I located any game, I'd park and get serious. But, of course, the more ground I covered, the more hunters I saw, and I just didn't want to be among them.

For the remainder of my stay, I rose from sleep in the light of each day, cooked hearty breakfasts and went for long exhilarating walks in the forests from camp. I saw plenty of wildlife, including deer, coyotes, a badger - and numerous elk - but never encountered another human being.

At some point by late morning, I'd return to camp, clean up and have lunch, then head to the San Miguel River for an afternoon of fishing. The trout were most always willing participants, and with everyone in the woods chasing Bambie, I generally had the river to myself.

Indeed, after returning home, whenever someone asked if I'd "gotten my elk," I told them, "No, but I caught plenty of fish."


Where are they?

Dear Editor:

Every so often, I almost believe that the Republican Party attracts a higher percentage of those given to having a genetic defect for hypocrisy, greed and immorality.

For instance: in Ohio, Justice Terrence O'Donnell, a Republican member of the Ohio Supreme Court, voted in favor of his political contributors 91 percent of the time, the highest rate of any member of that court.

In the weeks before the election, Justice O'Donnell's campaign accepted thousands of dollars from the political action committees of three companies that were defendants in the suits. Two of the cases dealt with defective cars, and one involved a toxic substance. Weeks after winning his race, Justice O'Donnell joined majorities that handed the three companies significant victories."

Or, top House Republicans knew for months about e-mail traffic between Rep. Mark Foley and a former male teenage page, but kept the matter secret and allowed Mr. Foley to remain head of a congressional caucus on children's issues, Republican lawmakers said Saturday. Six-term Foley resigned after disclosure with a three sentence letter.

Now we know GW Bush overruled his White House chief of staff (and wife) to keep Rumsfeld, and originally his father on even hiring him as Secretary of Defense. Further, he ignored the advice of his senior staff and the-then generals in charge on the number of troops required to occupy Iraq.

Where oh where is an ethical Republican politician of moral integrity, honesty and courage? I want to vote for him/her! Water, water everywhere and nary a drop to drink.

Dave Blake


Just plain ugly

Dear Editor:

I would just like to put my two-cents worth in about the Pinewood Inn. Has nobody noticed that it's ... uh ... how to put it nicely ... just plain ugly?

Kate Goldsworthy


Bad for us

Dear Editor:

Yikes! What's going on up there!?

Is anyone looking up, that is up into the sky? Has anyone noticed the last few days the sky has been covered with white streaks! These streaks are coming from jets and to my astonishment the whole sky will be "painted" with these streaks within hours. What I have noticed is that by the end of the day the whole sky is white. Yikes, what is going on up there? My eyes have been itching and even my cats are sneezing. I hope this isn't something that is bad for us?

Worrall Gonadiey



Dear Editor:

Kudos to county commissioners Egan, Schiro and Zaday, and all members of the town council for taking another step toward town-county collaboration in last Thursday's meeting. The turf issues involved offer as many opportunities for conflict as collaboration. Continuing the dialogue is the only way town and county can develop solutions to problems that affect all of us now and in the future.

In other welcome developments, the team of Egan, Zaday and Schiro is putting party politics aside and appear to be working together pretty well - and planning ahead.

I like to see that. Where there is good will, differing points of view set the stage for what makes democracy work. Imagine the consequences of one party line, one party rule.

Michael J. Greene



Dear Editor:

Please print this letter going to Ken Salazar:

This will be short and to the point: You are a treasonous, coward who has betrayed your country in the worst ways. Your oath of office to uphold the Constitution of this country obviously means nothing to you, and you care nothing for America or its values. Your recent actions in voting for the torture of humans, and making these war crimes the president and others have clearly committed suddenly not "prosecutable," betray your allegiance to Satan's influence and to the evil in our government ... evil spawning evil.

You can laugh at that, but truth appears to those who seek it.

I pray your treasonous, cowardly actions, and that of your peers, will be soon rewarded with the trial, conviction and penalty due such actions.

Jeffrey T. Maehr


Moving ahead

Dear Editor:

The realization of a new facility to care for and educate young children in Archuleta County has moved from dream to reality. With the help of our small community Seeds has raised 1.2 million in cash and in-kind donations to build a facility that will triple enrollment. Granted, we won't be able to cure the childcare crisis in our county, but we can take a significant bite out of it.

The hurtles for building a facility have been conquered. Reynolds & Associates have completed the plans (see www.growingseeds.org/floorplan.htm for floor plan and elevations). Those plans have subsequently gone out to all of the county, city and utility entities for approval. The 99-year ground lease for the property and Intergovernmental Agreement with the town have been signed, sealed and delivered by the town council and town manager.

The big news this week is that we break ground Oct. 16 with the official groundbreaking ceremony on Oct. 12.

Colorado Jaynes (the general contractor) held a pre-bid meeting at the Chamber of Commerce last Thursday. More than 20 subcontractors attended. There was standing room only and some of that out in the hallways. The emphasis at that meeting was on keeping as much of the work within the local community as possible, while still finding subcontractors who can do an exemplary job in a timely fashion and stay within the budget.

Why do we at Seeds strive to do all of this? For the children of our community.

It is our privilege to touch the lives of little ones, through play, art, music, science, and literature. We are allowed to watch them grow through stages of separation anxiety, learning to communicate with words, learning to use utensils, learning to share, learning conflict resolution, learning their letters and how to count. Our kids break through barriers of all kinds, generational, racial, social and cultural. They learn to stretch their world and move into exceptional kindergarten readiness.

Lynn Moffett


New view on hunting

Dear Editor:

I have been against hunting all my life. Although I grew up where animals were killed regularly and for various reasons, ranging from their being a food source to their being a danger I have never gotten used to the idea of killing a living thing, especially for the fun of it.

It's never been easy for me to see something die. When I was a kid, I witnessed a deer accidentally shot through the spine, then watched as that doe tried to flee down the mountain on her front legs, dragging her hindquarters, screaming in agony until a second bullet ended her misery. From that day forward, I was emphatically against hunting, and even fishing, for that matter.

I've always looked at hunters as macho men whose egos are boosted by tromping though the woods toting all sorts of gear and weapons that make the hunt anything but a fair fight. "Why don't they just shoot them with a camera instead of a gun?!" I would ask. I heard every explanation in the book like, "Hunting is alright because it's for the food," and "It's important to thin out the herds," but I flinched at the notion that anyone should enjoy killing anything, any time. "If you want a steak, go buy it!" I'd say. "Hunters are predators. Humans should be more evolved than that!"

Then, it suddenly occurred to me that there is another category that must be included in the great hunt-don't hunt debate: scavenger. There's prey (the animal), predator (the hunter), and scavenger (me). It was a rude awakening to realize I fall into the same category as a vulture. It's true; I don't kill my meat. I wait for someone else to kill it, then I eat it. That makes me a scavenger. Not a very appealing label.

I am pretty skilled at scavenging. I can buy, prepare and eat my delicious meat dish without having to consider that what I'm enjoying was once a living animal that lived its short life in close quarters in a human-controlled environment with thousands of others like it, alive just for the purpose of dying to become food. Let someone else do the killing. Just serve me a big, well-seasoned slab of meat on a plate, with a little parsley on the side to give it a civilized appearance. Let's call it the Hypocrite Special.

Folks like me go out and order a nice big juicy steak, then eat it with delight, while engaging in lively conversation about how awful it is someone dared derive pleasure by shooting the deer or elk whose head hangs above us in the restaurant, glaring at us with big glass eyes.

So I've changed my mind about hunters. They do what I won't do, and they're honest about it. They come much closer to earning the right to eat an animal that they've stalked in the early morning cold, shot, quartered, and packed out of a deep canyon on their backs, than I do by driving in my temperature-controlled vehicle to the grocery store where I casually select a big package of meat, all nicely packaged in clear, clean plastic wrap.

I still can't kill anything. I suppose I'll always be the type who carefully escorts spiders out of my house rather than stomping on them, and I will continue to use devices which produce ultra-shrill sounds that make mice hate my garage and move away on their own, rather than poisoning them. I have acquired a different way of thinking about those who hunt and kill edible game, though.

Yes, I'm still a scavenger, but at least I'm honest about it now. And I've come to have a lot more respect for hunters: the "predators" who forage in the woods for food.

Elaine Nash



Dear Editor:

I want to thank all those who extended their prayers, well wishes and positive energy to me over the past week while fighting a bad stomach virus with a fever, which appears to be going around our community. I am sure that many of you have also fought or are fighting this virus and can sympathize with me. I would not wish this virus on anyone, not even the Editor and his bad reporter, James Robinson, whom when I informed that I was ill and could not attend a BOCC meeting, still could not bring himself to print such and even had the nerve to ask me if I was faking my illness. Thank God that His grace and those of the doctors and good people in this community is much bigger than that of a bad reporter and his editor.

Thank you all so much to those who made and/or delivered yummy food to me; drove me to and from the doctor's office; picked up my mail; etc., all while I could not do so myself. It was appreciated more than you will ever know. I feel so blessed to be living in such a great community where there is so much compassion in spite of a badly reported and written paper!

Thank you all,

Robin Schiro



Dear Editor:

I will judge and vote on the character of each individual be they Dem or Repub. I will vote independent as neither party has the leadership to merit a blanket party-line vote. I will encourage all my friends to vote independent this year as the way to begin weeding out the bad politicians who vote the status quo and consider a vote more important than statesmanship. Bad politics and politicians are leading to the demise of our great nation; change of direction toward principles and honor and honesty will win elections this year and the years to come.


J. M. Tucker


Kate's Calendar

Oct. 6

Full Moon Program

Watch the full moon rise at the Great House Pueblo site at Chimney Rock, learn about the Ancestral Puebloans, archaeoastronomy theories, area geology, and enjoy Native American flute melodies by Charles Martinez. Gate open from 5-5:30 p.m. Program begins at 6. Moonrise at approximately 6:30. This moonrise will not occur between the twin spires. Allow two to three hours for entire program, which is not recommended for children under 12. Reservations required. Tickets are $15. Add $5 for an early tour of the lower area (Great Kiva Trail Loop), which starts at 4. This event is sponsored by Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa Ranger District. For tickets, call the CRIA Office at 264-2287, weekdays, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.

Oct. 7

Meditation Day

Meditation Day at Tara Mandala Retreat Center, Pagosa Springs, with Tara Mandala directors Pieter Oosthuizen and Charlotte Rotterdam. An introduction to Buddhist meditation practice (shamatha) and tonglen, a powerful yet simple practice of compassion, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.; $35 includes lunch. To register or for more information, call 731-3711.

Oct. 7

The Pagosa Area Singles (PALS) group will meet for breakfast at Chato's on Saturday, Oct. 7, at 9:30 a.m. Call Bonnie at 731-0417 for reservations.

Oct. 7

Belly dancing

A belly dance workshop will be held from 10 a.m. to 2:30 p.m., at The Club, 450 Lewis St. Jamilla from the Desert Veils in Moab will be teaching American Tribal Style Belly Dance. Cost is $35, and pre-registration is recommended. Call 946-4153 to register. Sponsored by The Navel Experience.

Oct. 10

Republican Women

The Archuleta County Republican Women will hold their monthly luncheon meeting at Boss Hogg's Restaurant at 11:30 a.m. The program will be presented by Lvonne Wilson, owner of Home Again, and will be on the subject "Table Settings and Decorations for the Holidays." All Republican women in the community are invited to come and get acquainted. The group would like to attract new members but there is not an obligation to join. Call Barbara at 731-9916 for additional information.

Oct. 11


Pagosa Pregnancy Support Center's annual fund-raiser. This year it is a Golf Marathon where each player plays 100 holes of golf. The center functions 100 percent on donations and all funds raised can go to funding programs for clients. Currently, the center provides care and compassion to women facing unplanned pregnancies, along with relevant information and resources. For more information about the Golf Marathon, call 264-5963.

Oct. 11

High school conferences

Parent-teacher conferences will be held at Pagosa Springs High School from 1 to 6 p.m.

Oct. 12

Newcomer Club

Newcomer dinner meeting, 6 p.m. at JJ's. All newcomers are invited, cost is $10 per person. No reservations are necessary. For more information, call Kathy at 731-3857.

Oct. 12


The Mountain View Homemakers will hold its September meeting at the home of Pat Sallani at 380 Arbor Drive, (731-0472). The co-hostess will be Shirley Van Dyken Stone. The program for October will be a cookie exchange. Those attending should bring their favorite batch of holiday cookies with a copy of the recipe to share. Come prepared to share what the recipe evokes for you. Directions to the Sallani's home are: from U.S. 160, go North on Piedra Road (CR 600) to the Lake Hatcher area. Turn left on North Pagosa Boulevard then take a quick right on Falcon and another quick right on Arbor Drive to 380. Everyone is welcome to attend and share in the holiday cookie preparations at noon.

Oct. 14


Enjoy brats, beer and dancing at the fifth annual Oktoberfest, 4:30 to 8:30 p.m. at the Pagosa Springs Community Center. This year, Oktoberfest will feature three German style beers and root beer from national award-winning brewer Tony Simmons of the Pagosa Springs Brewing Company and, as always, the music is provided by local band Pauken Schlagel. Bring the entire family for the traditional German feast along with German style beer and root beer.

Tickets on sale now at the senior center, Chamber of Commerce, Plaid Pony and Ski and Bow Rack. Adults $13 in advance, $15 at door. Seniors, Inc. members $10. Children 12 and under $5. Family tickets with kids 12 and under, $30 advance, $35 at door. For more information call 264-2167.

Oct. 14

Pagosa Piecemakers

The Piecemakers Guild will meet at 10 a.m. at the Community United Methodist Church located at 434 Lewis St. Members will be working on community projects. The Guild board will meet at 8:30, prior to the meeting.

Oct. 21

Lifelong Learning lecture

"Glaciers, Ice Sheets and Sea-level Rise: What's Happening Now?" is an up-to-date assessment of current glacier and ice sheet "health," how that assessment has changed over the past few years, and what the implications are for a rise in sea level. This is a free presentation by Dr. Charles Burnham, at the Sisson Library at 3 p.m.

Oct. 21

Pi Beta Phi

Pi Beta Phi alumnae club Beaux and Arrows potluck dinner at 5 p.m. at the home of Donna and Jim Gregory, 80 Fremont Court. Pi Phis should bring their beau, beverage of choice and a side dish or dessert to share. R.S.V.P. by Oct. 16 to Donna at 731-1065 to tell her the number attending and what potluck dish you are bringing. The event name comes from the fact that the sorority's pin is shaped like an arrow. With the start of the new school year, the $26 annual dues must now be paid to treasurer Marilyn Chipps to be included in the 2006-2007 roster.

Oct. 27


Pagosa Springs Music Boosters presents "Hallow-Swing," 7:30 p.m.. Step into the world of 1940s club dancing, swooning and crooning as the PLPOA Clubhouse is designed, decorated and transformed into "The Purple Orchid Room." Music and dancing to Big Band sounds. A light buffet will be served; beer, wine and other soft drinks will be available. Tickets can be purchased at the Plaid Pony (731- 5262) or at the door, if available. Seating is limited; advance purchase is recommended. The event is for guests over 21; cost is $20.

Oct. 28

Lifelong Learning lecture

"Great Geezer Artists: A Look at Creative Expression in Old Age." This presentation by Judith Reynolds, art history professor, explores the varieties of late-life artistic production, noting that from Michelangelo to Matisse, Hokusai to Picasso, artists have often created their most profound work after age 75. This is a free presentation at the Sisson Library, at 3 p.m.

Oct. 31

Halloween party

The Pagosa Springs Community Center will hold its third annual Halloween party for Pagosa's kids. This fun and safe event for kids of all ages is free to all. Come in costume, play games, bounce in the inflatable house, have a hot dog provided by Kiwanis, win prizes and enjoy.


   Community News

Contemporary happenings at Shy Rabbit

Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts is open Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays from 1-4 p.m. But, chances are someone is at Shy Rabbit in the morning, too. Drop by for a cup of coffee, or feel free to call and see if members of the creative development team are there working. You can also make an appointment for a private exhibition showing at your convenience.

The creative development team (Michael Coffee, Denise Coffee, Leanne Goebel, Shaun Martin and Al Olson) is pleased to announce the upcoming schedule of programming and events:

- Every Tuesday at 9 a.m. the group meets to discuss future programming, fund-raising and the development of Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts, a nonprofit corporation.

- Through Oct. 7 - "Mind's Material: Sensation, Cognition, and Knowledge," featuring the master works of Doug Pedersen, Kelsey Hauck, and Karl Isberg.

- Oct. 12 - "Let's Explore: Art 21 - Place" a presentation of part of the first season of the PBS Series that explores artists working in the 21st century. The first hour explores the theme of place in artist's work and features the following artists: Laurie Anderson, Richard Serra, Sally Mann, Margaret Kilgallen and Barry McGee, and Pepón Osorio. Doors open at 6 p.m. and the film begins at 6:30 p.m.

- Oct. 21-Nov. 28 - "Forms, Figures, and Symbols: A Juried Exhibition of Contemporary Works." Reception for the artists: Oct. 21, 5-8 p.m.

- Nov. 9 - "Let's Explore Contemporary Art with Gerry Riggs." Riggs, the juror for "Forms, Figures, Symbols," will present slides and discuss contemporary artists whose work he admires. Doors open at 6 p.m. Presentation and discussion begin at 6:30 p.m.

- Dec. 9-Jan. 20 - "Hold it: An Exhibition of Contemporary Containers," featuring the uniquely creative works of noteworthy regional and nationally recognized artists. Opening night reception for the artists: Dec. 9, 5-8 p.m.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1, B-4, west of downtown, and just south of the Pagosa Lakes area. Take U.S. 160 to North Pagosa Boulevard, stay on North Pagosa to Bastille Drive (at UBC), turn left and stay on Bastille past Hopi. Shy Rabbit is located directly next to Pine Valley Rental. (GPS coordinates are latitude N37 degrees, 15.193 minutes and longitude W107, 5.074 minutes).

For more information: log onto http://shyrabbit.blogspot.com or call 731-2766.


Boosters present 'Hallow-Swing,' Halloween '40s gala

By Dale Morris

Special to The PREVIEW

Pagosa Springs Music Boosters presents "Hallow-Swing" at 7:30 p.m. Friday, Oct. 27.

Step into the world of 1940's club dancing, swooning and crooning as the PLPOA Clubhouse is designed, decorated and transformed by the artistic talents of Michael DeWinter and Rick Artis into "The Purple Orchid Room."

Music and dancing to Big Band sounds will fill the evening. Our own Bob Hemenger is gathering the best Pagosa musicians to complete our "Hallow-Swing" band, which already includes Bob, John Graves and Larry Elginer. Jeannie Dold will spice and warm up the eve with several vocal selections, accompanied by Sue Anderson. Deb Aspen and Charles Jackson will grace the dance floor with a professional demonstration of the dance style of the times, as well as offer a brief swing dance lesson to those wishing to improve their moves. A light buffet will be served; beer, wine and other soft drinks will be available.

Tickets can be purchased at the Plaid Pony (731- 5262) or at the door, if available. Seating is limited for this special evening; advance purchase is recommended. The event is for guests over 21; cost is $20. Costumes (from the '40s) are welcomed and encouraged. All of Music Boosters' profit is given back to our schools and community through scholarships, programs and other purchases. See our Web site at www.pagosamusicboosters.org.


Meditation Sunday at UU Fellowship

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

Sunday, Oct. 8, is a Meditation Sunday for the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship.

The second Sunday of each month is dedicated to learning about and practicing various meditation techniques, led by April Merrilee.

She points out that the beginning stage of meditation is commonly referred to as concentration, known in Sanskrit as "dharana." Here the mind reaches a state of single-pointed focus, or orientation toward one point. Ultimately, this leads to a deeper stillness of mind known as meditation, or "dhyana."

Sunday's service will explore the physical body as a point of concentration, and observe how increased body awareness can serve to bring the mind into a state characterized by a sense of peace and well-being.

The service begins at 10:30 a.m. in the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall, Unit 15, Greenbriar Plaza. Turn east on Greenbrier Drive off of North Pagosa Boulevard by the fire station, then left into the back parking lot and look for the big sign. All are welcome.


Buddy Tabor returns to Pagosa for house concert

Alaskan singer and songwriter Buddy Tabor returns to Pagosa Springs this coming weekend for an intimate house concert at the Hudson House at 7 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 7. This Whistle Pig concert is part of an ongoing series of "living room" concerts sponsored by Artstream Cultural Resources.

Whistle Pig House concert series began seven years ago when Tabor, long-time friend of Bill and Clarissa Hudson, came to visit Pagosa Springs and suggested they host a concert in their living room. That first concert led to years of Whistle Pig performances, featuring dozens of artists from around the country.

Tabor is making his annual tour through the Southwest, this time with Jeanette, his wife of 30 years. Following the Pagosa concert, the two will be heading for California for his performance at Folsom Prison.

Tabor writes and sings with honesty and conviction, about his life in Alaska, and about the Southwest where he lived for many years. He also sings about broader topics - political and social issues ranging from corporate greed to drug abuse - and about the mystery of life and death.

According to one reviewer, "Buddy drives his country-blues-influenced original compositions like a man driving his pickup truck through the Alaskan wilderness. Which is only appropriate, since Buddy has called Alaska home for the past thirty-some years. He's worked the canneries and fishing boats, hunted on the Arctic tundra, and lived among the many diverse cultures that co-exist on the 'Last Frontier.'"

Another reviewer described Buddy's recent CD release, "Blinding Flash of Light," as "a CD poised so evenly on the knife-edge between hope and despair that it takes several listens just to determine where Buddy Tabor stands on the big questions he has chosen to tackle. Fortunately, it's worth every spin."

A $10 donation includes coffee, tea and homemade desserts. All proceeds go to the performer. Seating is limited. Call 264-2491 for reservations.


ECA presents 'In the Celtic Tradition'

By Paul Roberts

Special to The PREVIEW

Elation Center for the Arts presents a concert of music in the Celtic tradition, featuring Celtic harpist Sylvia Zurko and other performers, 7 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 21, at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.

Zurko's performances have been well received at concerts and festivals throughout the Four Corners area for many years. She sings traditional Irish folk songs and plays the Celtic harp, concertina and lap harp. Zurko lives in Durango; this will be her first concert in Pagosa Springs.

Zurko has a master's degree in music education, and she has worked to further the appreciation for folk music and dance in Durango, organizing concerts, festivals and dance groups since 1988. Believing in the healing power of music, especially harp music, Sylvia volunteered for several years in her local hospital, playing regularly for both patients and staff. Last year she traveled to France where she gave a concert in a 12th century church. She has recorded several CDs of her harp music.

Other performers on the bill for "In the Celtic Tradition" are John Graves and Carla and Paul Roberts. More performing artists' names for this concert will be revealed in next week's Preview and on the Web at elationarts.org.

Advance tickets, for $10, are available through elationarts.org and at WolfTracks Coffee House. Tickets at the door are $15 for adults and $5 for young people, 18 and under.

Desserts and coffee will be provided at intermission. Please bring a dessert to share if you wish.

Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse is located at 230 Port Ave. in the Vista subdivision of Pagosa Lakes. Take U.S. 160 to Vista Boulevard. Turn north on Vista and left on Port.

Elation Center for the Arts serves the people of the southwest region of the USA and beyond by cultivating an appreciation for the arts. ECA offers life enrichment programs focused on preserving our cultural heritage. These programs include community concerts; music assemblies and performance residencies for schools; performance opportunities for accomplished and aspiring artists; and classes in the arts for students of all ages and backgrounds. Proceeds from this concert will help support these programs.

For more information, log on to elationarts.org or call 731-3117.


'Form, Figures, Symbols' to open Oct. 21

By Leanne Goebel

Special to The PREVIEW

Juror Gerry Riggs selected 59 works of art by 43 different artists for the upcoming "Forms, Figures, Symbols," a juried exhibition of contemporary works, Oct. 21-Nov. 28, at Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts.

Opening reception with the artists is Sat., Oct. 21, from 5-8 p.m.

A total of 182 submissions were received from 61 artists working in various mediums and living throughout the country. Artists selected for "Forms, Figures, Symbols" include: Maude Andrade, N.M.; Kelly Angard, Colo.; Sandy Applegate, Colo.; W. Howard Brandenburg, N.M.; Sandra Butler, Colo.; Tirzah Camacho, Colo.; Lou Chapman, Tex.; Sarah Comerford, Colo.; Deborah DeGraffenreid, N.Y.; Leah Dunaway, Tex.; Lal B. Echterhoff, Colo.; Aaron Englert, Colo.; Ted Fish, Colo.; Ronald Gonzalez, N.Y.; Jean Gumpper, Colo.; C.J. Hannah, Colo.; Crystal Hartman, Colo.; Barbara Heinrich, Colo.; Diana Jacobs, Calif.; Gail Lois Jaffe, Fla.; Bradley Kachnowicz, Colo.; Rebecca Koeppen, Colo.; Shama Ko, Texas.; Marcie Lenke, Mass.; Patrick Linehan, Ill.; Don R. Long, Colo.; Mary Ellen Long, Colo.; Lara Loutrel, Mass.; Raymond Martinez, Colo; Marie McCallum, Colo.; Sid McCammond, Colo.; Daisy McConnell, Colo.; Lynne Medsker, Ind.; Paul F. Morris, Colo.; Maryellen Morrow, Colo.; Al Olson, Colo.; Linda Pampinella, Colo.; Joan Levine-Russell, Colo.; William Secrest, Colo.; Harold D. Seibel, Colo.; Marcy Sperry, Ill.; Don Weir, Colo.; Amy K. Wendland, Colo.

Riggs served as director/curator of the Gallery of Contemporary Art and as assistant professor at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs for more than 14 years. Riggs also served as the curator and fine art/exhibition coordinator at the Colorado Springs Fine Art Center, and director/curator for the C.B. Goddard Center for Visual and Performing Arts in Ardmore, Okla.

Riggs' professional accomplishments include the installation design for over 400 exhibitions. He is credited with transforming the gallery at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs into one of the region's most important art spaces. He is a member of the American Association of Museums, and the AAM Museum Advocacy Team. Riggs became a full-time resident of Pagosa Springs in 2006, and is an accomplished photographer, session drummer, and avid skier.

Gallery hours during exhibitions are Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday from 1-4 p.m., and 1-6:30 p.m. on the second Thursday of the month. Visitors are welcome to call or stop by during non-posted hours. Private appointments are also available by request.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1, B-4. Take U.S. 160 to North Pagosa Boulevard, stay on North Pagosa to Bastille Drive (at UBC), turn left and stay on Bastille past Hopi. Shy Rabbit is located directly next to Pine Valley Rental. (GPS coordinates are latitude N37 degrees, 15.193 minutes and longitude W107, 5.074 minutes).

For more information, call 731-2766, e-mail shyrabbit01@aol.com, or log onto www.shyrabbit.blogspot.com.


Critically-acclaimed 'Mind's Material' exhibit ends Oct. 7

By Leanne Goebel

Special to The PREVIEW

"Mind's Material: Sensation, Cognition & Knowledge," the critically acclaimed and groundbreaking exhibition featuring the masterworks of artists Doug Pedersen, Kelsey Hauck and Karl Isberg, ends Oct. 7. Nearly 300 people have visited Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts to view this show.

"Mind's Material" brings the work of Pedersen, Hauck and Isberg together for the first time since 1983, when the artists first met. Their friendship has continued through the decades, with each producing and showing their art in galleries and museum collections in the United States and Europe.

The human image is key to each artist's work, but is captured in such an intensely unique way by each artist as to obscure any other similarities.

Pedersen's paintings are filled with heads: Heads that look like masks or ancient sculptures. Heads with mouths agape, or lips pursed. Heads with cratered eyes. Red faces on green backgrounds. Gobs of paint and layers of color masterfully applied to canvas creating images of heads filled with expressions of the here and now.

Hauck's collage figures often incorporate fine Japanese papers that look as if they could be brush strokes of paint. Capturing movement, laughter, emotion and spirit in tiny pieces of paper all placed together to create an image that might be equally beautiful and disturbing.

Isberg paints abstracted heads and figures, using color and geometry to express desire and emotion. Some of his work is vibrant and colorful; other paintings are muted and subdued.

This work evokes passion and stirs emotion. It is art that expresses the human condition, with all its frailties and strengths. It is art that beckons a closer look, and that speaks in uniquely personal terms to each viewer that chances a better understanding.

Shy Rabbit gallery hours are Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday from 1-4 p.m and by appointment. The contemporary art space and gallery is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1 and B-4.

For more information: log onto http://shyrabbit.blogspot.com, call 731-2766, or e-mail shyrabbit01@aol.com.


"Let's Explore" Art in the Twenty-first Century

Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts, a nonprofit corporation, will show the PBS Series "Art: 21 — Art in the Twenty-First Century," at 6:30 p.m. Thursday, Oct. 12. "Art: 21" is the first public broadcasting series to focus exclusively on contemporary visual art, and to approach contemporary artists through conversations about their lives, work and sources of inspiration.

The series, which ran for three seasons, features 12 one-hour programs, structured like an art exhibit around a broad category theme designed to help viewers analyze, compare and contrast the diverse artists presented.

The four themes in Series One are: Place, Spirituality, Identity and Consumption.

On Oct. 12, the first program shown will be "Place," featuring Laurie Anderson, Richard Serra, Sally Mann, Margaret Kilgallen and Barry McGee, and Pepón Osorio.

The "Let's Explore" program brings in guest speakers, slide presentations, films and experts to discuss the many facets of art and art history. In November, join Shy Rabbit for a lecture and slide presentation with Gerry Riggs, the juror from the "Forms, Figures, Symbols" juried exhibition of contemporary art, which opens Oct. 21.

"The 'Let's Explore' series is an opportunity to explore art in all its many forms and facets and to share in the experience," said Shy Rabbit's Michael Coffee.

"Let's Explore" 'Art: 21 — Place,' is one night only, Oct. 12, 6:30-8:30 p.m. Doors open at 6 with a suggested donation of $5. "Let's Explore Contemporary Art with Gerry Riggs" is one night only, Nov. 9.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1, B-4. Take U.S. 160 to North Pagosa Boulevard, stay on North Pagosa to Bastille Drive (at UBC), turn left and stay on Bastille past Hopi. Shy Rabbit is located directly next to Pine Valley Rental. (GPS coordinates are latitude N37 degrees, 15.193 minutes and longitude W107, 5.074 minutes).

For more information: log onto http://shyrabbit.blogspot.com or call 731-2766.


Make plans to attend fifth annual Oktoberfest

By Musetta Wollenweber

Special to The PREVIEW

Beer, brats, live music and dancing add to the celebration of the fifth annual Oktoberfest 4:30-8:30 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 14, at the Pagosa Springs Community Center, 451 Hot Springs Blvd.

Bring the entire family and dance to the music of Paukenschlagel when they start off the festivities with some oom pah pah, and cheers - followed by food and fun!

The freshly-gathered colors of fall leaves, cattails and pine cones in decorative baskets, along with the brightly-colored table settings and delicious pretzels, help set the theme while you get ready to enjoy the excitement of the festivities.

As the music plays you'll need to take a break from the dance floor and grab a chance to participate in not only a silent auction, but a live auction as well. Over 50 items will be available as you scramble back to the bidding tables and up your bid to make sure you take home your favorite item donated by local merchants. A few of the 50-plus items are tools, a rafting trip with lunch for two that you'll enjoy in 2007, a massage, art by local artists and handmade porcelain baby dolls.

As the evening winds down and you are feeling tuckered from dancing, our live auction will have you screaming out your bids to get your hands on the fabulous large colorful centerpiece showing off brilliant fall colors - handmade by the folks at Plaid Pony - plus a huge basket full of yummy delights from the Choke Cherry.

This year, your ticket price will include a commemorative glass mug along with the traditional meal of bratwurst, (veggie brats too), German potato salad, sauerkraut and a variety of homemade cookies. Refreshing lemonade, coffee and tea are also included. The children's ticket price includes a commemorative non-breakable mug, hot dog, chips and cookie.

We're proud to be serving craftbrewed beer brewed right here in Pagosa Springs from the award-winning brewmaster Tony Simmons of Pagosa Brewery from our beer garden. In 2005 Tony won first place in a national competition with his Poor Richard's Ale.

You will enjoy the delightful flavors of Fallfest, a German Oktoberfest-style beer. FallFest has a light copper color. Using authentic German ingredients, FallFest starts out with a complex toasted maltiness that is followed by a clean, subtle hop finish. A perfect seasonal beer for the fall that you don't want to miss!

Or maybe you'd like to try the Kayaker Cream Ale, inspired by the legendary German light lagers of Bavaria. The Kayaker Cream is golden in color, light in body, with malty aromatics, a sparkling brew that goes down easy. Wolf Creek Wheat is an unfiltered, authentic German-style wheat beer that is smooth and flavorful with a slightly spicy aroma. A very refreshing beer.

You'll also enjoy surprise beers from Steamworks and Carver Brewing Companies.

Steamworks Brewing Company opened its door in September 1996 in Durango and, in April of 2004, Steamworks-Bayfield opened its door. Steamworks is proud of their four medals at the Great American Beer Festival, the nation's most prestigious judged beer event: Gold Medal 1997, Gold Medal 2000, Bronze Medal 2003, Silver Medal 2005 and a Silver Medal at the 1998 World Beer Cup.

Carver's opened its Durango brewery in 1988. They are a craft brewing pioneer in the Four Corners and have grown to a capacity of 1,000 barrels a year (a barrel is 31 gallons). Their ales take from 14 to 40 days, depending on the style, to complete the boiling, cooling, fermentation and conditioning processes. All of their ales are unfiltered, unpasteurized, served at 41 degrees and less carbonated than American Lagers to allow their full flavors to be enjoyed and savored.

All frothy beers are just $3 for you to enjoy right from your commemorative mug.

If beer isn't your style, then try some of the real home made Mutton Buster Root Beer. This root beer is made with pure cane sugar, brown sugar, and honey with no corn sweeteners, and brewed specifically to be tasty and not too sweet. It's $1.

Once you've enjoyed your meal it's time to learn the Chicken Dance; the third-grade instructors from the Pagosa Springs Elementary School will be on hand to teach you the moves to make sure you are celebrating with just the right style. After a dance or two, sing along with your "zingalong" booklets provided at every table. Rumor has it that Larry Elginer, band leader, will lead a few songs to get you started.

Be sure to be fashionable and come dressed in your best Oktoberfest costume. The Best Costume contestant will win two tickets to The Springs.

While being fashionable, be sure to get out those dancing shoes. Not only do we have tickets to The Springs for Best Costume, we also have a dance contest for you to try your luck at. The first-place contestants will dance away with four tickets to The Springs and second-place winners will be presented with two tickets.

Over 150 volunteers are working hard to make this the best Oktoberfest ever in support of Archuleta Seniors, Inc. This is a non-profit organization that assists seniors age 55-plus in need of eyeglasses, hearing aids and medical transportation as well as supporting their health, well-being, social, cultural and intellectual activities. Contributions are tax deductible.

Tickets for Oktoberfest are on sale now at The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center, Chamber of Commerce and the Plaid Pony. Adult tickets are $13 in advance, $15 at the door. Seniors, Inc. members are $10, Children 12 and under $5. Family tickets (mom and dad with kids 12 and under) are $30 in advance, $35 at the door. Whether you are traveling from out of town or prefer to stay in town for the night, the Best Western, just down the road, has offered a special Oktoberfest rate.

For more information, contact Musetta Wollenweber or Jeni Wiskofske at the senior center, 264-2167.


Annual Harvest Fest at Powerhouse

Several Pagosa area churches are again sponsoring the Annual Harvest Fest at the Powerhouse gym located behind the Humane Society Thrift Store and near Town Park, from 6-8 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 31.

This event is in a safe environment for kids to dress up in costumes (no evil costumes, please), play games free of charge, win prizes and get lots of candy. There will be a hot dog dinner for $1.50 available.

For information on how you can help or if you have questions, call 731-2205.


Congregation Har Shalom schedule

The schedule of congregational activities for the Congregation Har Shalom for October-December is as follows:

- Wednesday, Oct. 11, 7 p.m. - Jewish Meditation Group at Har Shalom. Call Judith at 247-3292 or judithv@frontier.net.

- Friday, Oct. 13, 5:30 p.m. - Special Shabbaton Weekend with Rabbi Baskin begins with Sukkot Service at Flitter home, 6300 High Point Drive, Farmington, N.M. Potluck in the sukkah to follow. The film, Ushbizan, will be shown for adults. Childcare will be provided. Call Alice at (505) 327-4300 to R.S.V.P.

- Saturday, Oct. 14, 6:30 p.m. - Simchas Torah Service and Consecration. Unrolling of the Torah, dancing and candy apples.

- Friday, Oct. 20, 7 p.m. - Torah study led by Harold Shure at Har Shalom. Call Harold at 385-6793 for details.

- Wednesday, Oct. 25, 7 p.m. - Jewish Meditation Group at Har Shalom. Call Judith at 247-3292 or judithv@frontier.net.

- Friday, Nov. 3, 6 p.m. - Shabbat Potluck at Richard and Gayle Brown's home, 1770 W. 3rd Avenue. Call 259-0344 for more information and to R.S.V.P.

- Wednesday, Nov. 8, 7 p.m. - Jewish Meditation Group at Har Shalom. Call Judith at 247-3292 or judithv@frontier.net.

- Friday, Nov. 10, 7 p.m. Torah study led by Harold Shure at Har Shalom. Call Harold at 385-6793 for details.

- Friday, Nov. 17, 7 p.m. - Mitzvah Weekend Shabbaton with Rabbi Baskin begins with a service at the new hospital chapel and dedication of mezzezah. Come learn about the mitzvah of Bikkur Holim (visitation of the sick) from Denver's Jewish Community Chaplain.

- Saturday, Nov. 18, 10 a.m. - Shabbat Torah Service with a Gerim Gala celebrating our new Jews by Choice. Following services we will be donating our time to help our community in a Congregational Mitzvah Day. Please watch for details to follow. If you have ideas about projects, leave a message at 375-0613.

- Sunday, Nov. 19, 9:30 a.m. - Join the new incarnation of our adult education program, Judaism 360, that will run for 5767. Tentative topic: "The Invisible Chariot: An Introduction to Jewish Spirituality and Mysticism."

- Wednesday, Nov. 29, 7 p.m. - Jewish Meditation Group at Har Shalom. Call Judith at 247-3292 or judithv@frontier.net.

- Friday, Dec. 1, 6 p.m. - Shabbat Potluck at Liberman home, 551 Oak Drive, DW2. Call 375-0955 for more information and to R.S.V.P.

- Wednesday, Dec. 13, 7 p.m. - Jewish Meditation Group at Har Shalom. Call Judith at 247-3292 or judithv@frontier.net.

- Friday, Dec. 15, 5:30 p.m. - Chanukah Party at Har Shalom. Potluck dinner and group menorah lighting.


Drop in on casual writing sessions

Writers of all levels meet every Thursday between 11:30 a.m. and 1 p.m. at Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts for "Brown Bag Writers."

New writers come to learn about the craft. Experienced writers come to stir up the creative soup and take a break from their regular writing projects. "Brown Bag Writers" provides a relaxed, casual environment for writers to drop in, listen to their muses, tap into the creative river, and learn to not take themselves so seriously.

Facilitated by freelance writer Leanne Goebel, the group is informal and fun. Goebel provides writing prompts in the form of phrases, music or visual stimuli and writers are free to spend 20-30 minutes writing. Then writers share their work (don't worry, if you don't feel comfortable, you can pass).

This is a gathering for writers of all levels and abilities. It is an opportunity to practice writing, to prime the pump. Bring your writing tools (pens, paper, notebooks, laptop) and a sack lunch if you would like. The cost if $5 per session and drop-ins are welcome.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1, B-4. Take U.S. 160 to North Pagosa Boulevard, stay on North Pagosa to Bastille Drive (at UBC), turn left and stay on Bastille past Hopi. Shy Rabbit is located directly next to Pine Valley Rental. (GPS coordinates are latitude N37 degrees, 15.193 minutes and longitude W107, 5.074 minutes).

For more information: log onto http://shyrabbit.blogspot.com or call 731-2766.


Community Center News

Southwest Land Alliance presents 'Saving the Ranch'

By Becky Herman

PREVIEW Columnist

Tomorrow, the Southwest Land Alliance is presenting a free program at the community center titled "Saving the Ranch."

The Alliance is an independent land trust founded in 1981 by local people to help private landowners keep their ranches whole and operating, and to protect important open spaces from falling to development. The group benefits not only landowners, but also preserves plant and animal habitats and migratory corridors, open spaces and scenic views, sustainable recreation areas, and our rural and small town character.

The program will feature presentations by various speakers, on topics such as resources and partners for landowners; conservation in estate planning; water, land and mineral rights; and the benefits of conservation. In addition to the all-day program (9 a.m.-4 p.m.) a free lunch will be provided.

According to Michael Whiting, the Alliance's executive director, only a limited number of seats are available. To reserve, contact the Southwest Land Alliance at 264-7779

Halloween party help

The annual Halloween party is the center's gift to the community, an opportunity for Pagosa's youngsters to have a wonderful and safe Halloween. All the activities and games are free and there is no entrance fee. Even the hot dogs are free - donated by the Kiwanians. Last year, there were over a thousand people attending; we hope to have even more this year with additional activities.

As some of you may know, when the community center offers free programs to the public, such as line dancing, yoga, or computer classes, we ask those of you who take part in those programs, and who are able, to give something back to the center and the community.

Right now, we need help with the Halloween party. There are several ways to do this:

- Bake a cake or a pie. These are given away to the kids at the cakewalk contest.

- Agree to sponsor a game or activity. Don't worry, if you don't have an idea for a game, we can come up with one for you to sponsor. Sponsorship includes a couple of things: decorating your booth or your space, dressing up in costume, being here for the party (that's only two hours of your time, plus a little time to get ready), and providing prizes for all the kids who participate in the activity. By the way, success for the kids is playing the game, not winning.

- If you can't sponsor an activity maybe you could volunteer to help someone else who is sponsoring; we always have a need for helpers on party night.

- Of course, a donation of money would be very welcome. We spend money each year on decorations, prizes, goodie bags, new games, new piñatas. Things like that.

Come to the center with your ideas, your community spirit, your checks!

Habitat for Humanity

Over 200 local supporters of Habitat for Humanity gathered at the community Center last week for a gala fund-raising event. Those attending enjoyed a barbecue buffet prepared by Wildflower and danced until midnight to music by The High Rollers.

Proceeds from this fund-raiser will support construction of the 16th Habitat house in Archuleta County next summer. Local businesses that have contributed to Habitat were recognized and upcoming needs were presented.

Habitat for Humanity is an ecumenical Christian organization with the goal of providing decent housing for low-income families.

Fairfield guests' meetings

The Fairfield Activities Department hosts an hour-long meeting for new timeshare guests each Sunday night at 6 p.m. in the community center.

Guests are given an overview of activities available to them during their visits to Pagosa Springs. Bill Wasinger hosts the evening and also introduces the speakers. Speakers include Wayne Wahls from Wilderness Journeys, Mike Marchand from Rocky Mountain Balloon Adventures and Gary Bramwell of Astraddle a Saddle; others may speak depending on the time of year and available activities. At the end of the program, there is a drawing for 20-30 prizes and an opportunity for guests to sign up for any of the activities.

The coordinator of the program is Fairfield's Activities Manager, Wynn Wasinger.

Community potluck

OK, now we have a date! The potluck and free concert will be held Dec. 15. The dinner will start at 6 p.m. and the concert at 6:30. Doors will open at 5:30, so we can set up the food tables.

The Flying Elmos are a five-piece band of local musicians who have combined their talents to write and play original contemporary music. Lance Foster and Karma Raley (who is one of our volunteers at the front desk) who perform under the name of "Elmo Chesterhazy" have joined with "Flying Casual," Joel Auberg, Diane Auberg and Cordell VanHart, to form this exciting, fresh, fun mixture of multi-faceted music. Christmas songs will be added for the season.

Lance writes, sings and plays six-string guitar and flute; Karma plays congas and chimes and sings; Joel writes, sings and plays electric banjo, mandolin and keyboards; Diane writes, sings and plays 12-string guitar, violin and keyboards; Cordell plays congas, bongos and the occasional tool turned percussion instrument and he also sings. Together, they present full, rich music with soaring harmonies - from love songs to political satire to ballads to good ole (new) rock and roll you can listen and dance to.

Although there is no charge for this program, call to reserve your place at the table. That way we'll be sure to have space for everyone who shows up.

Italian cooking class

The first of Edith Blake's Italian Cooking classes took place at 10 a.m. this morning. We have a few places left in the two other classes, Oct 12 and 26; so it's not too late to make a reservation for those two dates.

If you are interested, please come to the center to reserve your space. The fee is $10 per class, which covers cost of ingredients and supplies. Edith prepares enough for everyone to have lunch; sometimes there is even dessert. Remember that no reservations will be taken without the prepayment. Note that class fees are not refundable, but they are transferable. If you find you are unable to attend, you can give away or sell your space to a friend.

Managing Diabetes

At the next meeting, Oct. 19 at 5:30 p.m., two programs which teach cooking for diabetics will be available for viewing in the computer lab. These programs are being provided by Laurie Echavarria of San Juan Basin Health.

This group is for diagnosed diabetics, those at risk for diabetes, and also for those who care for or live with diabetics. Call the center at 264-4152 to let us know what this group can do for you.

Yoga class

Yoga is a combination of physical and mental exercises that aim to promote flexibility, stamina and strength, and reduce stress. The practice, according to the British Wheel of Yoga Web site, is intended to lead to a better balance of body, mind and spirit.

While yoga is mainly about static positions and stretching, the appeal of yoga lies partly in its celebrity endorsement, but also because it gives participants a chance to relax and offers a vital release from the rising stress levels many experience.

Here are some cautions from a Web site devoted to helping beginners:

- Know your own personal limitations.

- Stretch slowly and carefully.

- Be sure the teacher modifies poses if you lack flexibility.

Diana Baird's yoga class has been well attended, but there is room for you to join in. Come and experience the gentle stretching and relaxation of a yoga session. Call the center at 264-4152 for more information.

Line dancing

Gerry Potticary spends special thanks to Beverly Chester for filling in for Peggy Carrai during October. What capable ladies they are! Gerry also sends a welcome to Gene and Paula Bain in the mens' two-step and waltz class. Thanks are owed to Dick Potticary for his tips on leading.

Remember, Mercy is hopeful some of you are interested in an evening class so she can join in. Well, Gerry is ready to do two evening classes each month on Tuesdays, so call if you are interested, 264-4152.

eBay Club

Another schedule change.

The eBay Club has decided to meet twice a month instead of once. The meeting dates will be on the first and third Wednesdays of each month from 5:30-7:30 p.m. in the computer lab. The next class is Oct 18.

Ben Bailey, who began this class, says that each session seems to draw a few newcomers. With that in mind, he offers an introductory training session, which is followed by problem solving and a time for sharing eBay experiences.

Join Ben for tips and advice on buying and selling. Call him at 264-0293 or the center at 264-4152 for more information.

Computer lab news

The next series of beginning classes (Tuesday morning for all ages; Wednesday morning for seniors) will start Oct 31 and Nov. 1 and will last for eight weeks.

At this time, there are 10 people registered for each class. I would still urge you to call the center if a beginning class interests you; sometimes there are last-minute dropouts and you may still be able to attend. If not, your name will be placed on the waiting list, and you will be first on the list for classes starting after the beginning of the new year.

My question-and-answer sessions are Thursday afternoons from 1-4 p.m. The best idea is to call for an appointment; this will prevent your having to wait while I help someone else.

During Q&A sessions I can try to help you with problems or try to answer any questions you may have. General questions are fine, of course, but often people need some information about things which aren't covered in the beginning classes, such as using your computer to make phone calls, storing files on CDs, or gathering information about choosing a type of Internet service. It's also the best time to talk about the subjects covered in classes you have missed. It's always wise to find out what was taught while you were away, since each class builds on what was covered earlier.

Call the center at 264-4152 for information about classes or computer use. There is no charge for any of the community center's computer classes.

Center hours

The community center's fall and winter hours are 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday through Friday, Saturday 10-4.


The newest issue of our newsletter is now available; please stop by for your copy.

Activities this week

Today - Pagosa Springs Arts Alliance, 8 a.m.-4 p.m.; Cross connection control and backflow prevention class, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.; Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; computer Q&A session with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; San Juan Outdoor Club, 6:30-9 p.m.

Oct. 6 - Cross connection control and backflow prevention class, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.; Southwest Land Alliance, 8 a.m.-6 p.m.; senior walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Bridge-4-Fun and duplicate bridge, 12:30-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 2-8 p.m.

Oct. 7 - Cross connection control and backflow prevention class, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.; room heater sales meeting, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.; Teen center open, 11 a.m.-4 p.m.

Oct. 8 - Grace Evangelical Church service, 10 a.m.-noon; Church of Christ Sunday service, 10 a.m.-noon; High Roads Baptist Church, 6-8 p.m.; Fairfield Activities information meeting for time-share visitors, 6-8 p.m.

Oct. 9 - Watercolor class with Pierre Mion, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.; line dancing, 10-11:30 a.m.; senior walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Arts Council drop-off, noon-5:30 p.m.; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30-4 p.m.; baton Lessons, 3:30-4:30 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Loma Linda HOA meeting, 7-9 p.m.

Oct. 10 - Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; watercolor class with Pierre Mion, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.; Beginning Computing, 10 a.m.-noon; yoga, 10:30-11:30 a.m.; Arts Council - judging, 11:30 a.m.-5 p.m.; senior walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Creeper Jeepers, 7-8 p.m.

Oct. 11 - Watercolor class with Pierre Mion, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.; SP 94 Planning Committee meeting, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.; Beginning Computing for Seniors, 10 a.m.-noon; Aikido, 1-3 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Photo club, 5:30-7:30 p.m.

Oct. 12 - Watercolor class with Pierre Mion, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.; Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; Italian cooking class, 10 a.m.-noon; Southwest Librarians' Meeting, 11 a.m.-4 p.m.; Computer Q&A session with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.

Need a place to have a party or meeting? We have very affordable rooms for small, mid-size and large groups. A catering kitchen is also available. Tables, chairs, a portable stage, a dance floor and audiovisual equipment are available, too. The center is located at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. Call 264-4152.


Senior News

October is National Dental Hygiene Month

By Jeni Wiskofske

SUN Columnist

Older Americans can expect to live longer than ever before; therefore a greater number of persons age 65 years and older in Colorado will be in need of oral health services in the coming years.

Sixty percent of Colorado seniors still have their natural teeth. Colorado ranks in the top three states with the greatest percentage of seniors retaining their natural teeth at 60.5 percent. However, 18 percent of Coloradans over age 65 have lost all their natural teeth. Having missing teeth can cause problems speaking and eating and can influence a person's choice in food quality and quantity.

People age 65 and older paid more than 75 percent of their dental expenses. Medicare, the primary source of medical coverage for seniors, does not include dental benefits, and Colorado Medicaid covers only those dental procedures that are directly related to a concurrent medical condition. For low-income seniors taking care of their oral health may be so cost prohibitive that it results in decreased quality of life as they choose not to address their oral health needs.

As people age there are subtle changes in the mouth that can occur such as:

- Dry mouth possibly due to an increased use of medications such as antihistamines, diuretics, antipsychotics and antidepressants. These can reduce the saliva flow in the mouth which can cause difficulty chewing, speaking and swallowing. It also leads to cavities and can cause burning and other soft tissue problems.

- Increased risk of gum disease or periodontal disease (41 percent among those 65 years and older) which is an infection of the supporting structures of the teeth. Often it leads to tooth loss if left untreated.

- Problems with cavities or decay due to inadequate brushing and flossing. Decay untreated usually gets worse, resulting in pain and the potential loss of teeth.

- Risk of oral cancer. Cancers of the oral cavity are among the most debilitating and disfiguring, as surgery and treatment of oral cancer often affect appearance, speech, ability to eat and quality of life. As with all cancers, early detection is the key to survival along with dental checkups.

It is difficult for seniors who suffer from arthritis or other dexterity problems to brush and floss. Consider the following tips if you have difficulty in brushing and flossing:

- Use a wide elastic band to attach the toothbrush handle to the hand.

- Enlarge the toothbrush handle with a piece of wood or plastic.

- Use an electric toothbrush.

- Tie the ends of floss together, making a circle before flossing.

- Use a floss holder.

For more information on Colorado Oral Health go to www.beasmartmouth.com. The Den has electronic toothbrushes for $30 and waterpiks for $22. (There are only limited supplies of these at this great price.)

Travel scams

Whether you're off to see the sights, ski the slopes, or sunbathe on the sand, it pays to be an informed travel shopper.

Be on the alert for the telltale sign of a travel scam. Unsolicited faxes or e-mails for deeply discounted travel offers will leave you at the gate.

Verify and clarify. Get all the details behind vague promises that you'll be staying at a "five-star" resort or sailing on a "luxury" cruise ship. When you have the names, addresses and telephone numbers of the airlines, car rental companies and hotels you'll be using, independently verify and confirm all arrangements on you own. Put it on paper. Get the details of your vacation in writing. Get a copy of the company's cancellation and refund policies, and ask "What if ?" Consider whether some form of travel cancellation insurance may be appropriate. Use a credit card to make your purchase. If you don't get what you paid for, you may be able to dispute the charges with your credit card company. However, don't give you account number to any business until you've verified that it is reputable.

Won a free vacation? Not so fast. Scam artists may tell you you've won a "free" vacation, but then claim to need your credit card number for "verification." If the promotion is legit, you never need to pay for a prize.

For more information on how to prevent financial elder abuse, call (800) 222-4444 or visit the Web site at www.aarpelderwatch.org.

Visits With Allie

Allie is a West Highland white terrier and is a registered therapy dog. Visit with Allie and her owner, Kathryn Steen, at The Den at 11 a.m. Monday, Oct. 9.

Through petting, touching and talking with animals, a person's blood pressure is lowered, stress is relieved and depression is eased. Therapy dogs bring sparkle to a sterile day, provide a lively subject for conversation and rekindle memories of previously owned pets.

Archuleta Seniors Inc. election

Your local council on aging, better known as Archuleta Seniors, Inc. (ASI), will be holding its annual election of board members and officers and holding its annual meeting Monday, Oct. 9.. The annual meeting will take place following lunch in the dining room at about 12:45 p.m.

ASI members are encouraged to attend to hear what the board has done for our seniors this past year, and to offer suggestions on how ASI can better serve its membership. ASI voting begins at 11 a.m. and runs to 1 p.m. in the lounge at The Den. Officers are elected annually and board members serve two-year terms.

You must be an ASI member prior to 11 a.m. on the day of the election to be eligible to vote. The membership fee is $5 and is valid through Dec. 31. All members of ASI who are present on the election date are eligible to vote. The bylaws of the organization do not allow proxy votes or absentee ballots. There are more candidates than positions available, so your vote is important.

Dance for Your Health

"Dance for Your Health" classes will be available at The Den at 10 a.m. Wednesdays, beginning Oct. 11.

Karma Raley, the dance instructor, enjoys sharing her love of dance which began when she learned to do the waltz while standing on her father's toes. Karma blends basic ballet, modern jazz, jazz dance and just plain dance with yoga awareness to create a full-body routine which makes it possible to work out to the degree you want and/or need to.

In every class, she will do a simple combination so everyone can tap into their inner dancer. Wear loose comfortable clothing and bring a mat or towel if you have one. Join us at The Den and learn great dance techniques while having a fun time exercising.

Aikido classes

Aikido is a relatively modern martial art, although its roots go back nearly a thousand years to secret techniques of samurai warriors. The Den is offering Aikido classes at 1 p.m. every Wednesday. Sign up with The Den if you would like to participate in the October classes.

The founder, Morehei Ueshiba or O-Sensei, studied traditional martial arts as a young man. Many say he was the greatest martial artist who ever lived. A deeply spiritual man, he became convinced that the true purpose of the martial way was self-perfection and the loving protection of all beings. He named his art "Aikido," which translates to "The Way of Harmony with the Universe".

Aikido students learn hand techniques for armed and unarmed attackers, and train with the wooden sword and short staff. Most importantly, they learn to blend with and redirect and attacker's energy, controlling the attacker. Aikido is beneficial for health, coordination, stress relief and character with the goal of bettering oneself rather than trying to be better than an opponent.

Senior discounts

Join hundreds of other seniors in our community taking advantage of the many discounts available through local merchants by joining Archuleta Seniors, Inc. Memberships are available for folks age 55 and older. Through the remaining of 2006, memberships can be purchased at The Den for $5 Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays, 9-11 a.m. No memberships are sold Thursdays.

Bigger and better Oktoberfest

Want to do the polka in a line dance? Release a little stress by doing the Chicken Dance? Try some "Craftbrew" beer? Listen to some great German music while enjoying tasty German food? Or enjoy the fun of a silent auction, all for the benefit of our Archuleta seniors?

Then it's a must that you buy an Oktoberfest ticket.

Archuleta Seniors, Inc. invites folks of all ages to celebrate this tradition in style On Saturday, Oct. 14, at the community center as a benefit for our Archuleta County seniors. Come and enjoy the festivities from 4:30 to 8:30 p.m. Tickets can be purchased at The Den Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. The community center will be sell tickets on Saturdays and on weekdays when The Den is closed. Other ticket outlets are the Plaid Pony and the Chamber of Commerce office. Cash or checks will be accepted. New this year is the family ticket. It gets mom, dad and kids under 12 in for $30 pre event and $35 at the door. Adult tickets are $13 pre event and $15 at the door. Kids under 12 are $5 and those under the age of 5 are free. Archuleta Seniors, Inc. members get in for $10. Adult tickets include a full plate of delicious German food and an Oktoberfest beer mug and the kids get a hot dog, chips, cookie and a festive mug.

This is the biggest fund-raiser of the year for our seniors, so help support a great cause and have some fun doing it. Come on down for the excitement and entertainment and join in the merriment at the fifth annual Oktoberfest.

A Visit to Prague

By Thomas Brown.

It's a long way from Pagosa Springs to Prague in the Czech Republic. This 87-year-old ventured a two-week trip to this spectacular place from Aug. 31 to Sept. 14. Although two weeks seemed substantial at first, I soon found that it was only time enough to scratch the surface of this amazing city. However, I was able to squeeze in sightseeing to some outstanding places.

The main sites included the St. Nicholas Church, Prague Castle, St. Vitas Cathedral and the Old Town Bridge Tower. Many of the local paintings and sculptures that once adorned these sites have made their way to Vienna, Austria where they remain today.

I found the people of Prague to be very pleasant. However, I was at a loss for words, since very few of them spoke English. "Czech" was the local language, which was extremely different from any language I had learned like French, Italian or Spanish.

One of the churches I visited located in the oldest settlement in Europe during the 17th century was built in 1620. It is this Baroque construction that contributes to the development of high Baroque architecture.

Overall it was a great trip full of memories and experiences. Please feel free to call me for more information at 264-0377.

Activities at a glance

Thursday, Oct. 5 - Fall color drive, 9 a.m.; lunch served in Arboles (reservations required); Archuleta Seniors Inc. board elections in Arboles, 11 a.m.; Judy Wagner with a presentation in Arboles on fraud, following lunch. The Den is closed.

Friday, Oct. 6 - The Geezers" weekly meeting, 9 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30 p.m.; duplicate bridge, 12:30 p.m.

Monday, Oct. 9 - Susan Stoffer available, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; Archuleta Seniors Inc. board member elections, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; visits with Allie the therapy dog, 11 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30 p.m.; Seniors Inc. board meeting, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, Oct. 10 - Yoga, 10:30 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; blood pressure checks, 11:30 a.m.; canasta, 1 p.m.; Medicare counseling by appointment only, 1-3 p.m.

Wednesday, Oct. 11 - Dance for Your Health with Karma Raley, 10 a.m.; basic computer class, 10 a.m.; Aikido class, 1 p.m.

Thursday, Oct. 12 - The Den is closed.

Friday, Oct. 13 - The Geezers weekly meeting, 9 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30 p.m.; duplicate bridge, 12:30 p.m.; Sisson Library mill levy presentation, 12:45 p.m.


Suggested donation $3 for ages 60-plus and kids 12 and under; all others $5.

Salad bar available every day at The Den beginning at 11:30 a.m. Menu subject to change.

Thursday, Oct. 5 - Lunch served in Arboles (reservations required). Italian sausage with marinara sauce, spaghetti, zucchini, tossed salad, and bread stick.

Friday, Oct. 6 - Crunchy baked fish, whipped potatoes, mixed vegetables, apricots, and whole wheat bread.

Monday, Oct. 9 - Macaroni and cheese with ham, whipped squash, and strawberry applesauce.

Tuesday, Oct. 10 - Chili con carne, yellow squash, pineapple and mandarin oranges, and corn bread.

Wednesday, Oct. 11 - Tomato soup, turkey on wheat, seasoned green beans, and peaches.

Friday, Oct. 13 - Combination burrito smothered with green chili, lettuce, tomato and salsa, black beans with cilantro, and plums.


Veteran's Corner

Updating VSO database Information

By Andy Fautheree

It will be a priority goal of Archuleta County Veterans Service Office in the coming year to update all my veteran personal files.

Don't be surprised if you get a call from me or a message on your answering machine confirming current information.

One of the most important pieces of information I hope to update is e-mail addresses. This is a very important component of getting VA information and news out to our local and even national veterans and groups.

As many of you are aware, I send out a copy of my weekly Pagosa Springs SUN newspaper column via an e-mail distribution list. For many veterans and those interested in veterans' issues this is an important source of information. I have e-mail address not only for local veterans' interests, but all around the country. So, it is very important to keep the e-mail database current.

Unfortunately every week when I send out my column via e-mail I get several e-mail addresses bounced back to me as not found or no longer current, etc. I started collecting e-mail addresses as a part of my normal interview process as soon as I took over this position in 2001. I would venture to say that many or most of those e-mail address have changed during the ensuing five years.

Privacy insured

If you used to get my e-mails and now no longer receive them, there is a good chance you have changed e-mail address and didn't let me know. My e-mail address changed in about 2003-2003 with the county officially adopting Internet protocols. One of us probably did not get the information to the other.

I never send out forwarded e-mails, jokes or the like. I don't like to receive junk e-mail or forwards, and I'm sure most of you don't either. This e-mail distribution list is strictly guarded and privacy is an important part of this trust. I never give out any personal information from my files.

If you have e-mail, the easiest way to update my contact information for you is via e-mail to me. If you send me an e-mail I will automatically have your correct e-mail address. You can update your personal information in the message of the e-mail. This will save a great amount of time for both us, avoiding playing "phone tag".

Update VSO

Veterans reading this column are encouraged to help me update my database information, e-mail address, mailing address, changes marital status or dependents, phone numbers and the like. Sometimes a change of dependents information can make a dramatic change in VA benefits that you may already be receiving, such as VA Health Care or VA Compensation or Pension Claims that may not be an official part of the VA records.

Even if you don't think you have any changes of information, send me an e-mail message or call me with current address, phone numbers, etc. Even if you think there are no changes I may have an error in my database that is incorrect for you. This will save me a lot of time in looking up each contact file and placing a call to the individual.

Fuel money

Don't forget to stop by my office for reimbursement of your fuel and overnight accommodation receipts to VA health care appointments. We are currently reimbursing 100 percent of your VA Health Care travel expenses. Also, help a fellow veteran who may be going in the same direction to the same VA facility and give me a call if you can provide transportation or need transportation. I will keep a calendar of who is going where to coordinate this important program.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is located at 400 South Camino Del Rio, (next to Big 5 Sports). Phone number is 247-2214. Albuquerque VAMC phone number is (800) 465-8262.

Further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits, call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office located at 46 Eaton Drive, Suite 7 (behind City Market). The office number is 9731-3837, the fax number is 731-3879, cell number is 946-6648, and e-mail is afautheree@archuletacounty.org. The office is open from 8 to 4, Monday through Friday. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Library News

What we learned from your surveys - Part 2

By Carole Howard

PREVIEW Columnist, and the library staff

Last week's column covered major results of the survey several hundreds of you filled out at the Archuleta County Fair or at the library during August when we asked what other books, materials and services you would like the library to provide if funding were available.

This week we're reporting on write-in comments. More than a quarter of you not only answered the survey questions but also took the time to hand-write details about your likes and dislikes.

At the top of wish-lists for most people - more current books more quickly. "You need to weed out the old and replace them with updated books," wrote one person, and others made similar comments. Concerns related to the speed with which we get best-sellers, the lack of up-to-date non-fiction that is crucial for research projects, the requirement for a core collection of classics, and the need for timely business resources.

Programming was another category generating suggestions. You praised the various free children's and teen programs, paying compliments to summer events, Meagan's Place, the chess club, Pagosa Pretenders and Pagosa Reads. But you clearly want more programs - for children, teens, adults and seniors. Among the topics you suggested: local issues, history, other countries, the environment, law, art appreciation, language classes, and a special pizza night for teens.

Outreach is a hot-button with some of you, because of citizens who have trouble getting to the library for time, travel or other reasons. As an example, one person wrote: "You need more outreach to seniors and the Hispanic community." A book delivery system outside of Pagosa was requested. You also asked for children's programs in outlying areas and for off-site programs for youngsters.

The availability of computers at the library generated praise - and also requests for more. Other computer related requests: instruction for seniors, more Internet programs and access to genealogy software.

We were gratified to see how many of you wrote in highly complimentary comments about the helpfulness and friendliness of the staff. Maybe we are too friendly, though, as three people asked for a quiet place where no talking would be allowed!

There were many other miscellaneous suggestions. Among the most common were establishing a coffee bar, expanding weekend and evening hours, letting you have more than one interlibrary loan at a time, creating a book club at the library, and making E-books available.

Thanks to everyone who participated in the survey. Your input is invaluable to our planning.

Local author

Long-time Pagosa resident Patty Tillerson has donated a copy of her book "Eternal Threads: A Journey Towards Discovery" to the library. Written under her maiden name, Patty Sue Patton, it describes her personal spiritual journey through life from the time she was a little girl.

New books on CD

Two great 20th century classics have just arrived on CD. "Siddhartha," widely considered among the most important moral allegories ever written, is the masterwork of Nobel Prize-winning author Hermann Hesse. "The Master and Margarita," by Mikhail Bulgakov, is a unique Russian satire about a professor and a poet that was written entirely in secret during Stalin's cultural persecution.

Also on CD are three outstanding books of current history: "All The Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror," by Stephen Kinzer, explores the ongoing ramifications of the U.S. overthrowing the democratically elected prime minister of Iran half a century ago. "The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl," written by Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Timothy Egan, was called "can't-put-it-down history" by Walter Cronkite. "San Francisco is Burning: The Untold Story of the 1906 Earthquake and Fire," by Dennis Smith, is a fresh look at this watershed event in American history.

New books: Historical fiction and mysteries

For our many fans of historical fiction, we have Jaime Manrique's "Our Lives are the Rivers," the story of Manuela Saenz, a rich woman turned political activist who won her place in history as the great love of the South American liberator Simon Bolivar.

Mystery fans will be interested in three new books: best-selling author Kay Hooper's "Sleeping with Fear," the latest Bishop/Special Crimes Unit novel; Chris Knopf's "Two Time," the latest Sam Acquillo Hamptons mystery; and Marshall Karp's "The Rabbit Factory," about murders at Lamaar Studios, an entertainment conglomerate encompassing movies, television, music, video games and a sprawling theme park.

Another thriller is Jose Saramago's "The Double Double," about a history teacher who finds an earlier version of himself starring in a video and decides to pursue his double.

Generous donors

For books and materials, our thanks this week go to Charlene Baumgardner, Marsha Bledsoe, Larry Blue, Diane Burnett, Bradley Burton, E. G. Colton, Dan Cox, Susan Dussels, Cheri Fryar, Leanne Goebel, Carolyn Grosse, Dick Hamilton, Jean Kirsch, Marie Layton, Ed and Valley Lowrance, David A. Miller, Kathy Steen, Nancy Strait and Bill Wetzel.


Arts Line

Kids' art show opens in gallery at Town Park

By Linda Strathdee

PREVIEW Columnist

The first Art and Photo Camps Student Exhibit opened to a full house.

Classical guitarist Stephanie Bouchier serenaded the crowd with wonderful soft music. The exhibit in the Town Park gallery continues through Oct. 10 and features photos and artwork done in two summer camps. Soledad Estrada-Leo's classes with students whose ages range from 4-13 met throughout the summer. Students learned not only art skills but some Spanish as well.

In local photojournalist Wendy Saunders' PHOTOLEARN Camp, students worked with her on various assignments, using disposable black and white 35mm cameras. Final images were framed, matted, presented on photo cards and T-shirts. Students have priced their art for sale providing a unique opportunity to collect works from aspiring photographers.

In the PHOTOLEARN Kids' Camp last summer, one assignment dealt with tilt angles and high vantage perspective.

Call for entries

The Pagosa springs Arts Council will hold its first-ever juried photo show Oct. 12-31.

Entries will be accepted noon-5:30 p.m. Oct. 9 at the Arts and Crafts Room in the Pagosa Springs Community Center; mailed entries (shipped to 315 Hermosa St.) must be received by Oct. 6.

All work must be properly framed and wired for hanging. Maximum size is 16x20, including mat and frame. All entries must be for sale and PSAC will retain a 30-percent commission on all sales. Previous work displayed at PSAC gallery shows may not be entered.

Entry fees are $20 PSAC members and $25 general; $35 PSAC members (for two entries) and $35 general.

Categories include Amateur and Professional and there is a limit of two entries per category.

Cash prizes will be awarded for first-place Professional, first-place, Amateur and People's Choice.

Photographers should pick up work not selected for the show noon-5:30 p.m. Wednesday, Oct. 11, at the Pagosa Springs Community Center. Accepted work can be picked up after the show 10 a.m.-2 p.m. Nov. 1 at the Town Park gallery.

The opening reception for the show is 5-7 p.m. Thursday, Oct. 12, at the Town Park gallery located at 315 Hermosa St. Entry applications may be obtained at the gallery or on online at www.pagosa-arts.com. For more information, contact PSAC at 264-5020. Gift shop show and sale

The PSAC Members Gift Shop Show and Sale will open Thursday, Nov. 2, with an open house from 5-7 p.m.

All pieces in this show will be original, handcrafted and done by members of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council.

If you are an Arts Council member, you might want to think about entering some of your work for consideration for the gift shop show and sale. Applications are available from the gallery, 264-5020.

Gallery tour

The fourth annual Gala Gallery Tour is scheduled for 4:30-7:30 p.m. Friday, Dec. 1. Plan to gather with your friends and neighbors and support our local galleries, artists and artisans by attending this exciting PSAC fund-raising event.

2007 calendars

Have you bought your 2007 PSAC calendar yet?

The second edition of the ongoing calendar project features works from local artists, Claire Goldrick, Betty Slade, Jan Brookshier, Art Franz, Diana Baird, Al Olson, Jeff Laydon, David Hunter, Barbara Rosner, Jeanine Malaney and Emily Tholberg. Artwork pictured in the calendar includes photography, oil, fabric art, watercolor and mixed media. Calendars are available at the gallery for $9.95 plus tax for non-members and $8.95 plus tax for PSAC members. Calendars are also available at Moonlight Books, Lantern Dancer, the Chamber of Commerce, Pagosa Photography and other area businesses.

Mion workshop 

Internationally known artist and illustrator Pierre Mion will be teaching his fall watercolor workshop, the Lake Powell Class, Oct. 9-11 from 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Classes will be held at the Arts and Crafts Room in the Pagosa Springs Community Center.

The price of this three-day workshop is $240 for PSAC members and $265 for nonmembers, (the extra $25 will automatically give you a one-year PSAC membership) . An optional fourth day, Oct. 12, is available for $60 per person, minimum four students. For further workshop and supplies information, call Pierre Mion at 731-9781 or visit www.pagosa-arts.com.

Drawing with Randall Davis

Local artist Randall Davis will hold a one-day drawing workshop 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 4, at the community center.

The workshop will include a review of basic drawing techniques; students will leave with a completed drawing. This session is appropriate for beginners as well as advanced students. If you have never attended one of Randall's classes, it's a treat to see what you can produce in a day under his guidance.

Supplies needed for this class include sketch pad (preferably 11x14), assorted drawing pencils - including a 3H or 4H, a No. 2, and a 3B or 4B - eraser, ruler and pencil sharpener. Plan to bring a bag lunch.

Photography club

The Pagosa Springs Photography Club is scheduled to meet at 6:30 p.m. Wednesday, Oct. 11, in the art room of the community center. Note the change of time. The new agenda begins with a half hour for socialization and time for members to vote on the images submitted for the photo competition.

The feature program will begin at 7 with the viewing of a CD on Jim Brandenburg furnished by Barbara Conkey. Brandenburg is a National Geographic photographer who specializes in wildlife photography. He lives in wilderness area of northern Minnesota where he does much of his photography. He also specializes in photographing wildlife in the Arctic.

Following the feature presentation, ribbons will be awarded to the winners of the photo competition. Members are allowed to enter one image in each of two competition categories. The categories are: "Open" in which any subject matter is allowed, and "Theme" wherein the subject matter must fit that month's theme. The October theme is "What I Did Over the Summer."

Two club field trips are planned for October. The first is the fall color field trip Saturday, Oct. 7. The second field trip will be two overnights in Bluff, Utah, to photograph the Valley of the Gods, Oct. 27-29. Additional details on these trips can be found on the Web link: www.photo-artiste.com/workshops.html.

Interested photography enthusiasts are welcome to attend at no charge their first meeting. Any and all are invited to join for $20 annual dues. For more information, contact club president Larry Walton at 731-2706 or lwalton@fhi.net.

Upcoming Music Booster events

On Oct. 27, Music Boosters is sponsoring Hallo-Swing, an evening of great music and dancing at the PLPOA Clubhouse at 7:30 p.m. You can step into the world of the 1940s and dance to the wonderful Big Band sounds. Soft drinks, beer, wine and other drinks will be available; '40s costumes are encouraged, others are not recommended.

"Nuncrackers" will play at the Pagosa Springs High School Auditorium at 7:30 p.m. Nov. 30-Dec. 2 (matinee on Dec. 2 at 2 p.m.). Auditions for this performance will be held 6:30-9 p.m. Sept. 29.

Tickets for both events will be available at the Plaid Pony (731-5262) or at the door. Advanced purchase is recommended. Hallo-Swing: adults $20. "Nuncrackers": adults $15, seniors $12, students/children 18 and under $6.

PSAC seeks new members

Started in 1988, The Pagosa Springs Arts Council, a non-profit organization, was conceived and developed to, in part, promote the awareness of the vast array of local artistic talent, provide educational and cultural activities in the community, sponsor exhibits and workshops by local and regional artists, and encourage and support continued appreciation and preservation of the aesthetic beauty of Pagosa Springs.

If becoming involved with such a dynamic organization excites you, we hope you will consider becoming a member. If you have questions or would like more information on joining, call the PSAC office, 264-5020.


Through Oct. 10 - Art and Photo Camp Student Exhibit.

Oct. 9-11 - Pierre Mion's Lake Powell Watercolor Workshop.

Oct. 12-31 - Juried photo show.

Oct. 27 - Music Boosters Hallo-Swing, PLPOA Clubhouse, 7:30 p.m.

Oct. 28 - Great Geezer Artists: A Look at Creative Expression in Old Age. A free Lifelong Learning Lecture by Judith Reynolds, art history professor. Sisson Library at 3 p.m.

Nov. 2-23 - PSAC Members Gift Shop.

Nov. 4 - Randall Davis drawing class, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

Nov. 8 - A Walkabout: How An Artist Looks at Art. This will be an an artist's personal impressions of several paintings. A free Lifelong Learning presentation by Pierre Mion. Wild Spirit Gallery at 10 a.m.

Nov. 30 - Dec. 2, Music Boosters production of "Nuncrackers," high school auditorium.

Dec. 1 - Gala Gallery Tour, 4:30-7:30 p.m.

Artsline is a communication vehicle of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council, courtesy of The Pagosa Springs Sun. For inclusion in Artsline, send information to PSAC e-mail (psac@centurytel.net). In the subject area of your e-mail, please write "Artsline." Your attachment should be in a Microsoft Word file document format. Images should be limited to 2 (300dpi, 5x7 inches in size) and sent as a separate (individual attachments) e-mail. You can also mail a CD of images and information to PSAC, P.O. Box 533, Pagosa Springs, Colorado 81147. Deadline is at least two weeks prior to event. We would love to hear from you regarding suggestions for Artsline. Events in surrounding areas will be included when deemed of interest to our readers


Tasting Notes

Time for asado, time for Argentine reds

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The September equinox, sometimes called the autumnal equinox, marks the first day of autumn for the northern hemisphere, although not everyone on the planet is packing up their barbecues for the season.

For those living in the southern hemisphere, the September equinox marks the first day of spring, and in Argentina in particular, people are readying themselves for another season of outdoor asados.

Asado comes from the Spanish verb asar, to roast, and the term once applied particularly to the process of slow roasting brisket over a charcoal grill. Over time, the term asado has expanded and now asado includes barbecuing in general, and the technique has become a national institution and an art.

Like American barbecue, Argentine asados take many forms. There are impromptu affairs on truck tailgates, in parks and at campgrounds. There are elaborate but informal asados at parties, and restaurants that specialize in the cuisine. And this is where Argentine asado and American barbecue begin to diverge.

In Argentina you will probably never sit down in a restaurant with stainless steel troughs for handwashing, rolls of paper towels for hand wiping and your meal served on a paper plate. In fact, Argentines take their asado seriously and it is far more likely you will be served by a white-aproned, black-jacketed waiter, in a white-linen restaurant.

But while at times the two seem vastly different, asado in both countries is focused on one primary ingredient - beef.

Prime Argentine asado utilizes some of the best beef on the planet. The cows are grazed on the open range, and the flavor of the meat speaks of the vast Pampa - not feed lots and hormone injections. By all standards Argentine beef is flavorful, rich, and juicy. In short, it is unsurpassed.

An asado meal is a full-bore protein extravaganza typically begun with offal and sausages - a beef or blood sausages are the most common "appetizers" along with whatever organs are your fancy. Next, you move on to a plate of ribs, then flank steak and finally to the prime cuts - the sirloin, entrecôte and filet. Although the cuts appear similar, the Argentines use a variety of different names. For example, you won't find a t-bone in Buenos Aires.

But you can find in t-bone in Pagosa Country, and with quality, open-range-fed, locally raised beef, a gorgeous Indian summer providing the last opportunities to cook outdoors, it's easy to re-create that Argentine asado experience.

I'm not particularly keen on eating a bovine's vital organs, so instead, you can start with a chicken and pork liver paté flavored with Port, and slather the stuff on crusty bread while drinking Moscato d'Asti.

After you've gorged on paté, rest a bit, fire up the grill and crust the steaks with sea salt and coarse black pepper.

Cooking over mesquite adds flavor to the meat, and a wood-fired asado is the only way a self-respecting Argentine would cook his beef. All you need now is the wine.

Argentine reds, driven primarily by malbec and cabernet sauvignon, are perfect companions to charred flesh, but care should be taken on the wine and vintage selection.

Vintage reports indicate 2002 to 2005 have been solid for Argentina, although 2004 is probably the least of the bunch, with 2002 to cream of the crop.

Tastings of the '02s have shown consistent drinkability, but the wines are difficult to find and expect to pay top dollar. The 2003s make for an acceptable alternative, but the wines are often still too young and will show far better with more age. Therefore, if you're craving one last barbecue before winter hits, buy a few bottles, drink one with the grill and lay the rest down, revisiting them every few years.

The following are two recommendations for your next Indian summer, Pagosa Country asado.

Finca & Bodega Carlos Pulenta Corte B Vistalba 2003 Mendoza - 42 percent malbec, 32 percent cabernet sauvignon, 16 percent bonarda and 10 percent merlot. The '03 Corte B is ripe, lush, powerpacked, peppery and slightly astringent with intense cassis and plum flavors. It is a stunning example of a rock solid vintage and cabernet sauvignon lovers will be right at home.

I brought this wine back from Argentina and made the purchase on the premise that I could not find the wine in the United States (recent research indicates it is available online). What a mistake. In retrospect, it seems criminal to have drunk a wine of this stature so young and had I known what I know now, I would have bought a case and enjoyed its glorious transformation over the next the next two or three decades.

Achaval Ferrer Quimera 2003 Mendoza - 40 percent old vine malbec, 28 percent old vine cabernet sauvignon, 27 percent merlot, 5 percent cabernet franc. Although similar in style and character to the VistAlba, the Achaval Ferrer came across as less dense, and slightly more leathery - probably due to the old vine malbec - and this is probably the most significant difference in the two wines. Whereas the VistAlba was clearly driven by cabernet sauvignon, the Achaval Ferrer showed its strong core of malbec.

Both wines are solid efforts by committed, low yield producers - in both wines, less than 5,000 cases were made, but both warrant cellaring for at least another five years.


Food for Thought

What's in a Name, redux

By Karl Isberg

What's in a name?

Oh, nothing much - just a crystal clear sign of the collapse of our civilization.

I'm looking at a list of "Favorite New Baby Names" on an Internet site. I arrived here by mistake: I typed in b-a-b-, then accidentally hit a y.

I'm comparing the names on the list with the favored names of those Americans who propelled our nation in its ascendancy a hundred years ago.

I'm stunned by what I find.

It's no wonder our culture is on the brink of disaster. Where there was once stability and a sense of the weight and continuity of history in our common names, now there is mere capriciousness.

Regular folks - regular working Joes (and Joannes) - are giving their children goofy names.

It's an epidemic!

When "creativity" and whimsy ooze forth from the working class, it is clear the working class is no longer laboring hard enough to row the boat.

The traditional upper crust, with their inbreeding and increasingly flimsy genes, have always had time for baby-naming nonsense, since they have nothing better to do than lounge around the manse in seersucker duds, trying to remember the date of the next Junior League meeting, having the hired help lick stamps for some environmental group and figuring ways to keep ethnic minorities and Jews from becoming members of the country club — witness Muffy, Taffy, Tad, Bitsy, Boyce, Whitney, Skippy and the like.

But, when folks who, in other eras, would be doing the muscle work in a vital industrial society have time to create phonetic phantasms like "Beyonce" and "Ty-Lynn," and craft disasters like "Devinn," we are in deep trouble.

Populist poetry bodes ill for all of us.

Why? Because I've had too much time on my hands and, in a quasi-cabbalistic frenzy, I've come to the conclusion that names of objects and people, and the letters used to form them, define the essence of the thing named. The name has extraordinary power, and that power guides the destiny of the person.

Take Madonna, for example.

If you tune into one of these favorite new baby name Web sites with my theory in mind, you will be terrified by what you find.

Think about it: Name an infant Abraham and, chances are, you've got a pretty dependable and serious guy on your hands. Name him Skylar and, well

Can you imagine what America would be today if, a hundred years ago, there had been no Hirams, no Harolds, no Hazels? What awful state would we have reached if the teeth in the gears of the grand American machine had been Skyes and Dustins? What kind of Industrial Revolution would have taken place with Afton and Kaylee at the helm? Could they have won either World War?

We have weakened, folks. We've lost touch with the names that served us very well for many generations. How is it we've traded Merle for Mica, and what are the consequences? Where have all the Myrtles, Ethels and Cliffords gone? Is Roger soon to follow?

How are we going to fare without Winifred, Edna, Minnie, Gladys, absent a Clem or two?

What is Earl's fate, Fred's and Estelle's? Is there a graveyard for names? Will a cadre of Madisons, Kaitlyns and Conners bury the old standards, the names that signaled the surge of a brash, acquisitive economy, that heralded the arrival of a world power?

What does the future hold with Cade, Crispin and Wren steering the ship of state? What on earth can a Tyrell do? Where once Melvins, Theodores and Lloyds manned steel mills, led expeditions, planned battles, the LaTeeshas and Tippys will engage in the burdensome labor of, what, retail sales at the convenience store? Telemarketing? Cappuccino foaming?

There are kids out there named Cloud. For crying out loud!

And there's hardly a Reba in the lot. Orville, Blanche and Violet have been replaced by Nessa, Hobie and Paige.

Young parents are naming their kids after the seasons: Spring, Summer and Autumn. What can we expect from the seasons when they are confronted with international stress? Will they simply change color?

Savannahs, Coopers and Cheyennes are supplanting the time-tested monikers from the Old Testament, the comforting names from The Torah.

We're doomed.

This is not to say I don't understand the exercise of poetic license when new parents find themselves in an endorphin rich, postnatal atmosphere. After all, Kathy and I have a daughter named Aurora Borealis. (Hey, the '60s bubble up from the unconscious, to this day. Those years are hard to get rid of! And hard to remember.) True to my theory, Aurora has developed a startling, almost extraterrestrial perspective on life and is so far out at times it requires the Hubble telescope to find her.

We were young. Forgive us.

When our youngest was in utero I was again befuddled by the thrill of reproduction and overwhelmed by the spectre of my potency, and had several great ideas for names. I was convinced, whether male or female, the child would benefit greatly from the name Waxy. As a backup for a male, I worked overtime to come up with Max Apollo.

For some reason, Kathy was not receptive to the suggestions. We opted for a sweetly sentimental nod to tradition: Ivy.

And, Ivy proves my point: The name establishes the course for the person named. Ivy, as anyone who knows her will confirm, is a shy and retiring personality best suited for work in a convent or as an accountant. She does grow on you, though.

How is it we've traded Merle for Mica, and what are the consequences? Where have all the Myrtles, Ethels and Cliffords gone?

Is Roger soon

to follow?

As I scan the list of new names, my fear increases and I'm convinced we need to stop this trend in its tracks. We need to turn back the tide of baby name creativity and beat a hasty retreat to proven products. There's a world out there folks, and most of it doesn't like us one little bit. Surely, it won't appreciate a Skylar.

We can combat the destructive tendency with food.

I suggest creating a diet that reminds consumers of the past. No petit minceur, no fusion, just the old reliable dishes that help thrust our consciousness backward, to a past filled with glorious names - strong names that, if brought back in vogue, are guaranteed to snap our culture back in line.

There are plenty of options: true English pies, for example, savory affairs crammed with thrushes or woodcocks. There's lutefisk and boiled, moldy roots. Hardtack, anyone?

How about a batch of colcannon? We can invite parents-to-be over for dinner and load them with this heady plebeian mix. It'll straighten out any kinks, untwist any tangled ideas.

And you don't have to be Irish, of course, but there's no place better than the Emerald Isle to unearth a bevy of tangled notions.

All this classic dish requires is spuds, boiled or steamed to tenderness and peeled. The potatoes are mashed with an enormous amount of butter and a bit of cream, seasoned with a bit of salt and black pepper. A head of cabbage is sliced and sautéed until the cabbage softens. At the same time, a bunch of scallions is sautéed in butter and some chunks of a high grade, simmered ham are added (the amount of meat can vary with taste, but beware of too much: this is not a ham dish, it is a glorification of the tuber). The cabbage, scallions and meat are added to the mashed potatoes and a glob of butter is plopped atop each serving just before it is consumed.

Eat a portion of this ancient, earthy beauty and you'll name your kids Peter and Mary. Eat it often enough and you're liable to fancy Samuel, Aaron, Leah and Rebekah. Overdose on it and you're working with Zimran and Ishbak.

A blast of colcannon can do anyone some good, center their thoughts, work against the tendency to get too far ahead of the pack.

I can see myself now, reclining in a splintery lounge chair on the veranda at the nursing home. I've just botched a game of Chinese checkers, my diaper needs a change and I'm thinking a ration of colcannon will set me back on track, warm me with nostalgic associations.

I make a mental note to ask for some, the next time I see my nurses, Kylie and Aaliyah.

If they ever show up.


Extension Viewpoints

Not a moment to lose with land conservation

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Oct. 6 - 2:15 p.m., Colorado Mountaineers Club meeting.

Oct. 10 - 6 p.m., Rocky Mountain Riders Club meeting.

Oct. 10 - 6:30 p.m., Junior Stockman Club meeting, Chromo.

Oct. 11 - 6:30 p.m. Pagosa Peaks Club meeting.

Saving the ranch

Friday, Oct. 6, the Southwest Land Alliance will host presentations on how to get the most out of your land - 9 a.m. to 4 p.m .at Pagosa Springs Community Center. Programs will be presented and sponsored by Tax Credit Connection, Inc., Brown Wheeldon Tafoya and Barrett PC., and the Town of Pagosa Springs.

Only a limited number of seats are available. To reserve seats, contact the Southwest Land Alliance at (970) 264-7779 or e-mail admin@southwestlandalliance.org

Presentations offered will include:

- Options, Resources, and Partners for Landowners.

- Local Government: New Rules, New Benefits.

- Water, Land, and Mineral Rights, The Law: What You Need and Want to Know.

- Tax Benefits of Conservation: The "Other" Reason for Conservation.

- Conservation in Estate Planning.

- Conservation and Development: A New Way to "Work" the Land.

- Conservation Real Estate: Selling Without Selling Out.

- The Role of Conservation in the Local Economy.

The Southwest Land Alliance is an independent land trust founded in 1981 by local people to help private landowners keep their ranches whole and operating, and protect important open spaces from falling to development. In that way we preserve some of the natural beauty and rural heritage of Archuleta, Mineral and Hinsdale counties.

Who benefits?

Ranching and agricultural land protected, Open spaces, beautiful public views, and historic landscapes protected, Significant Tax and Financial Benefits to Landowners, Rare plant and animal habitat and migratory corridors preserved, Property values protected for everyone, Sustainable recreation and tourism, Rural and "small town" character preserved.

Why land conservation now?

Every minute counts. We still have time to decide our future when it comes to land conservation here. Every person makes a difference. Right now, every person, every acre, and every dollar, makes a bigger difference than it will later. And there are still many spectacular places to be protected. This directly impacts YOUR quality of life. Every dollar stays here, protecting local places, preserving local values, serving local people. No wasted money. We are a small and very efficient office that is always looking for ways to get better at what we do. We don't spend a dime without remembering where it came from.

Results of local support

Thanks to generous local landowners and supporters the SLA currently manages over 13,000 acres in conservation, including several of the most beautiful and familiar views and landscapes of this region. Those lands will remain intact and protected forever because of the foresight of the landowners and supporters of the SLA. But our work is not done. Since 1981, SLA has been successfully helping landowners benefit from, and protect their land from sale and development using a tool called a "Conservation Easement." In a nutshell, a Conservation Easement is a legal agreement to keep certain "values" of the land as they are. This agreement must benefit both the landowner and the community.

Stollsteimer Creek Watershed

A public meeting will be held at the Vista Clubhouse at 5:30 p.m. Oct. 10, to present the Master Plan for the Stollsteimer Creek Watershed. This plan includes a detailed study of the watershed and recommendations and design plans to improve and protect the watershed. There will be an opportunity for questions and comments after the 30 minute presentation. Refreshments will be served.

The Stollsteimer Creek Watershed encompasses approximately an 82,000-acre area from the lower portions of the Pagosa Peak area down to the confluence of Stollsteimer Creek and the Piedra River and includes portions of the Town of Pagosa Springs, all of the Pagosa Lakes subdivisions, portions of the National Forest, Southern Ute Tribal lands, large portions of the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District and most of Aspen Springs.

With your support, this watershed plan will help positively impact decisions made in the watershed for years to come.

Homemakers meeting change

The regular meeting of the Mountain View Homemakers will be noon Thursday, Oct. 12, at the Community United Methodist Church Hall. Join members for a potluck luncheon and a cookie exchange.

Contact Jo Hannah for more information at 731-3560.


Pagosa Lakes News

PLPOA to hold orientation meeting

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

Property owners in Pagosa Lakes have received the fall issue of Pagosa Lakes News, a publication of PLPOA.

Articles in this issue include a notice of orientation meeting to be held Oct. 18 at 6:30 p.m. in the clubhouse.

The meeting is open to new owners, old-timers and any property owners who would like more information about the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association.

Each department will give a short presentation; board members, along with members from the various committees, will also be in attendance to answer questions.

The Road Advisory Committee will present a discussion on the proposed "de-Brucing" of the Tabor Amendment, and how it will impact your pocketbook and road maintenance services.

Come learn and share.

Pool closed

The recreation center pool is being drained today and the natatorium will remain closed through the rest of this month for extensive pool work.

The rest of the facility remains open and business hours are as usual: Monday through Friday, 6 a.m.-9 p.m.; Saturday and Sunday, 9 a.m.-9 p.m.




John Egan and Kate Smock are pleased to announce the birth of their granddaughter, Olivia Jane Oprea, on Sept. 30, 2006, born to Catalin and Lindsay Oprea in Visalia, Calif. Daughter and parents are doing fine.



Kathryn Terry

Kathryn (Kate) Travis, Laverty, Terry, 85, a longtime resident of Pagosa Springs, died Oct. 3, 2006, at Pine Ridge Extended Care Center.

Kate was born March 23, 1921, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to Luther James and Roberta (Cunningham) Laverty. The families of both her parents were early settlers in Kentucky. Kate referred to herself as a "true" Kentucky native and a big fan of University of Kentucky basketball.

Kate received a B.S. degree in education from Western Kentucky State Teachers College and continued graduate studies at the University of Florida, Florida State College for Women, and attended Bowling Green College of Commerce.

She began her 24-year educational career in Florida. She moved to Bowling Green, Kentucky, and taught special classes for physically handicapped children. Most of her teaching career was spent in Owensboro, Kentucky.

Kate's professional memberships included DAR, Colonial Dames, a Kentucky Colonel, Huguenot Society of South Carolina, National Society of Magna Dames and Filson Club.

In 1980, after the death of her first husband, Carl Beesley, Jr., Kate moved to Pagosa Springs to be close to her brother, Bill Laverty, and family.

Kate is preceded in death by her parents, one sister, and ex-husband, Scott Terry.

She is survived by her brother, Bill Laverty and his wife, Peggy; nephew Kurt, his wife, Danna Laverty, and their children, Benellen, Allison, Mason, Johannah, Jesse and Caleb.; nephew Steve and his wife, Kimberly Laverty, and their children, Travis, Wesley, Will, Katie, Keaton, Carson and Amelia; and niece Kitzel and husband, Derek Farrah, and their children, Megan and Paul.

The entire family resides in Pagosa Springs and have been blessed by many years of (Aunt) Kate's generosity and kindness. She will be missed by all her family and countless friends.

Kate was an active member in our community. She volunteered for many years at the Ruby Sisson Library, was a Lifetime Member of the Episcopal Church, a Daughter of the King, and hostess/ volunteer for Loaves and Fishes. Her main hobby was genealogy and she traced her family history to its entrance in America. Kate was an avid reader/writer and was employed by The Pagosa Springs SUN, writing the Local Chatter column and Kate's Calendar.

Kate knew no stranger and had many "best friends" here in Pagosa Springs, and all over the country. Aunt Kathryn (Kate) now rests in the loving arms of her Heavenly Father. Amen.

Memorial Services are at 2 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 10, at St. Patrick's Episcopal Church, 225 South Pagosa Blvd.

Contributions can be made to Ruby Sisson Library or St. Patrick's Episcopal Church in Pagosa Springs.

Kathryn Terry

Kathryn (Kate) Travis, Laverty, Terry, 85, a longtime resident of Pagosa Springs, died Oct. 3, 2006, at Pine Ridge Extended Care Center.

Kate was born March 23, 1921, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to Luther James and Roberta (Cunningham) Laverty. The families of both her parents were early settlers in Kentucky. Kate referred to herself as a "true" Kentucky native and a big fan of University of Kentucky basketball.

Kate received a B.S. degree in education from Western Kentucky State Teachers College and continued graduate studies at the University of Florida, Florida State College for Women, and attended Bowling Green College of Commerce.

She began her 24-year educational career in Florida. She moved to Bowling Green, Kentucky, and taught special classes for physically handicapped children. Most of her teaching career was spent in Owensboro, Kentucky.

Kate's professional memberships included DAR, Colonial Dames, a Kentucky Colonel, Huguenot Society of South Carolina, National Society of Magna Dames and Filson Club.

In 1980, after the death of her first husband, Carl Beesley, Jr., Kate moved to Pagosa Springs to be close to her brother, Bill Laverty, and family.

Kate is preceded in death by her parents, one sister, and ex-husband, Scott Terry.

She is survived by her brother, Bill Laverty and his wife, Peggy; nephew Kurt, his wife, Danna Laverty, and their children, Benellen, Allison, Mason, Johannah, Jesse and Caleb.; nephew Steve and his wife, Kimberly Laverty, and their children, Travis, Wesley, Will, Katie, Keaton, Carson and Amelia; and niece Kitzel and husband, Derek Farrah, and their children, Megan and Paul.

The entire family resides in Pagosa Springs and have been blessed by many years of (Aunt) Kate's generosity and kindness. She will be missed by all her family and countless friends.

Kate was an active member in our community. She volunteered for many years at the Ruby Sisson Library, was a Lifetime Member of the Episcopal Church, a Daughter of the King, and hostess/ volunteer for Loaves and Fishes. Her main hobby was genealogy and she traced her family history to its entrance in America. Kate was an avid reader/writer and was employed by The Pagosa Springs SUN, writing the Local Chatter column and Kate's Calendar.

Kate knew no stranger and had many "best friends" here in Pagosa Springs, and all over the country. Aunt Kathryn (Kate) now rests in the loving arms of her Heavenly Father. Amen.

Memorial Services are at 2 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 10, at St. Patrick's Episcopal Church, 225 South Pagosa Blvd.

Contributions can be made to Ruby Sisson Library or St. Patrick's Episcopal Church in Pagosa Springs.


 Business News
Chamber News

Fall flies by, big game seasons are upon us

By Mary Jo Coulehan

SUN Columnist

It's time for everyone to stop, enjoy the vestiges of this Indian Summer and perhaps take a quick break before the winter season descends upon us.

Wait, not so fast, hunting season is upon us.

The first rifle season starts Oct. 14 and goes until Oct. 18. This first season is elk draw only.

Second season starts Oct. 21 and runs through Oct. 29.

Snow may be flying by the third season, Nov. 4-10, and we end with the fourth session from Nov. 15-19.

Don't forget to register your ATV's properly, hunt safely and colorfully, and have all the appropriate licenses. Should you need assistance with licensing, Elizabeth Reid with the Division of Wildlife will be stationed at the Chamber Visitor Center.

Community happenings

Find out what land conservancy is all about and attend the free seminar hosted by the Southwest Land Alliance 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Friday, Oct. 6, at the Pagosa Springs Community Center. Find out how to profit from your land by preserving it. Not only will you find out about placing your land in conservancy, you will also hear experts talk about the tax breaks, the role of conservation in the local economy, options and resources for landowners, rules and benefits associated with the local government and much, much more. There are a limited number of seats available and a free lunch will be provided. This seminar can also count toward Realtor Continuing Education credits. For more information, contact Michael Whiting at 264-7779.

Shy Rabbit will host another show at the gallery on Bastille Drive, starting Saturday, Oct. 21. This exhibition is titled "Forms, Figures and Symbols" and it is a juried exhibition. The artists' reception will be 5 to 8 p.m. Oct. 21. This broad theme will incorporate abstract work, figure studies and perhaps notable logos or designs associated with "Symbols." Shy Rabbit has presented contemporary art shows in the gallery at 333 Bastille Dr. for a year now and the efforts have been well received. Although the date has passed for submitting works, for future exhibits or information about the gallery, you can call 731-2766.

You also need to polish up your polka steps to enjoy the Senior Center Oktoberfest 4:30-8:30 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 14. Attendees will enjoy German food and craft-brewed beer while listening and dancing to the music of the Pauken Schlagel band. This major fund-raiser for the Silver Foxes Senior Center is always filled with fun for both adults and children. This year, there are family plan tickets available for $30 in advance and $35 at the door. Regular adult tickets are $13 in advance and $15 at the door. Children 5-12 years of age will be charged $5 and the children's ticket price includes hot dogs, chips, cookies and a festive mug. The adult ticket comes with a commemorative beer stein. Archuleta Senior Member tickets are only $10. The event will be held at the community center and you can purchase those advance tickets at the Chamber, the Senior Center or the Plaid Pony. Don't miss all the fun and food of this festive celebration. For more information, call the Senior Center at 264-2167.


We have four new businesses joining the Chamber this week.

This first business has been around for a while but they have a lot more bells and whistles associated with the service. We welcome Mud Shaver Car Wash at 950 Rosita St. as a new member. Duane and Amanda Breman have been trying to keep cars and trucks clean in Pagosa for years. They now feature a Touchless Automatic bay and three self-service bays. They offer self-serve detailing supplies and new to the car wash are discounted wash cards. The system also now takes all major credit cards. Convenient location, payment options and access makes Mud Shaver Car Wash a great place to try and keep your car clean during some of our inclement seasons. We thank Vimmie Ray at the Wildlife Park for her referral of Mud Shaver.

We also welcome new member Maria Vaughan and Devine Dezine. Maria has been a certified commercial and residential interior designer and space-planner since 1983. She offers consulting, remodeling, redesign, exterior and interior paint colors and finish selection, staging and even Feng Shui. She works on homes, offices, churches, stores or just about anything you need decorated. We welcome Maria's new business to the area. If you would like to schedule an appointment, give Devine Dezine a call at 264-1230. We thank Brian Vaughn with Chimney Rock Appraisals for the referral. Anyone who refers a new Chamber member will receive a free admission to the SunDowner of their choice.

A firm that Maria will probably be doing business with is our next new member: DeClark Granite and Fabrication. DeClark Granite provides solid-surface granite countertops for new construction or remodels. They offer quality custom fabrication and installation, and they have over 300 slabs in stock. They also offer free estimates. Stop by their location at 152 14th St. or give them a call at 731-9920. We thank Kathi and Dale for their membership.

Moving over to the lodging scene, we welcome Steve Nickerson and Vacation Station - a property management firm offering long- and short-term rentals. Located by DeClark Granite, Vacation Station is at 141 14th St. For more information about their rental properties, call 264-7756, or check out their Web site at www.vacationspagosasprings.com.

We welcome all our new members and hope that we will see some of them at our upcoming SunDowners.

Our renewal list this week includes Pagosa Veterinary Clinic with Dr. Thomas Yost; Steve Schwartz and Spectrum Construction; Pagosa Experience Rentals; Chimney Rock Interpretive Association; Sky Ute Casino and Lodge; and Ed Raymond, with Raymond Custom maps.

I love to hear this knowledgeable woman talk to our guests when they are in the Visitor Center. Barbara Palmer renews as an associate member. Barbara has been a diplomat for over 20 years and she is a true Pagosa and Colorado Tourism Ambassador. She heads away for the winter, and we look forward to her smiling face again next year.

I'm not sure there is anyone in Pagosa that doesn't know this active, vivacious, and dear resident - Genelle Macht. Genelle just celebrated her second anniversary with us here at the Visitor Center. Genelle and Nancy Giordano certainly deserve an oldest in years/youngest at heart award. The Machts own a stunning century ranch on Snowball Road, and we appreciate Genelle sharing the history of Pagosa with those of us here at the Chamber, and with our visitors. She is a Pagosa gem.

Speaking of diplomats, I need to remind business owners who would like to donate a gift or gifts to the diplomats for our annual thank you luncheon, to call the Chamber and speak with Sandy at 264-2360. Our diplomats are so grateful for all the thoughtful people in this community. But I'm here to tell you these individuals earn every recognition we can give them for all their hard work, not only in the summer but now and in the winter. Thank you to our diplomats and to the businesses who honor them.


Young Pagosa business owner wins award

Kenny Hogrefe, one of Pagosa Spring's' youngest business owners, was awarded $1,000 at the fifth annual Celebration for Young Entrepreneurs held at the Belmar Center in Lakewood. This event, hosted by Young Americans Center for Financial Education, was the culmination of an annual competition for young business owners across Colorado. Kenny's business, Kenny's Feeder Lobster Roaches, won in the 12-14 year-old age category.

Each winner in the competition received the honor of being paired with a Presenting Mentor - a prominent Denver businessperson to whom they can look to for business advice and guidance. Kenny's mentor, Bruce Benson, Benson Mineral Group, Inc., presented his check and an engraved award after the audience enjoyed watching a short video of Kenny meeting and talking business with Bruce at his Denver office.

The Celebration started with a Youth Business Showcase, featuring the businesses of the four winners and eight finalists. Guests enjoyed interacting with the young business owners before the dinner and awards ceremony. The evening concluded with all the young entrepreneurs in the audience who competed in the Celebration coming on stage to be recognized for their entrepreneurial efforts and business smarts.

Kenny's business started with the lobster roaches he purchased to feed his own pair of chameleons. His research into optimum conditions for roach reproduction helped launch his business and also won him first place at his school's science fair. From his home, Kenny serves customers in 15 states, as well as local pet stores. Custom-designed packaging includes heat packs and insulation for shipping in winter and a care sheet reassuring that "if any escape, they do not survive indoors, nor reproduce." Kenny is working towards becoming an Eagle Scout, plays piano and saxophone, and participates in sports while maintaining a high GPA.

Celebration for Young Entrepreneurs is an annual fund-raiser that benefits the programs of Young Americans Center for Financial Education. Every January a call is put out to all Colorado entrepreneurs, ages 6-21, who have their own business. During the summer, an independent panel of judges review all applications and select one winner and two finalists in four age categories: 6-11, 12-14, 15-17, and 18-21. These young entrepreneurs are honored at the Celebration for Young Entrepreneurs dinner and awards ceremony in the fall. Applications for the 2007 competition will be available January 2007 by calling (303) 321-2265 or by visiting www.yacenter.org.

Young Americans Center for Financial Education is a nonprofit organization committed to developing the financial literacy of young people, 21 and under, through hands-on programs and real-life experiences that complement and reinforce each other to build life skills, work skill and financial self-sufficiency.



Cards of Thanks


Partners in Education would like to thank all the individuals who helped with the fund-raiser Clip and a Cookie. Thank you to Carrie Toth for organizing the event, and all the bakers who donated to the bake sale. Special thanks to the hairdressers who donated their time: Jessica Espinosa from Lou Jean's salon, Karman Lamoreoux, Brittney Meyer from Moxie, Heather Fiala Brown from Moxie, Dave Cordray from The Hairtender, Joseph Garcia from Ray's, Jason Laydon from Studio 160, Elaine Heitkamp from Headquarters and Danielle Hillyer. Thank you to all of the elementary families that supported the event.

Stephanie Jones



I want to thank my friends, Bill and Brenda (Rainbow Gifts), Marvel Bramwell and Granny, for making sure I had whatever I needed to rodeo.

The Busted Spur series this summer was fun and close to home so everyone could enjoy it.

Oh, thank you, Danielle, the lady that belongs to Philip Valdez. The pictures are really awesome.

Thank you all,

Tyreese Tyndall



Lance Corporal Samuel Lomasney, U.S.M.C., son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Lomasney, was deployed to Iraq last week with the 3rd Battalion, 14th Marines, and is the first of his three Marine Corps brothers to be deployed. Samuel was activated after finishing his sophomore year at Washington State University where he will resume his studies upon his return to the United States. His parents would greatly appreciate your prayers for his safekeeping.



Mave Valdez, of Pagosa Springs, celebrates his 91st birthday on Sept. 22, with his newest great-grandson, Augustus Anthony. Gus' parents are Daniel and Hannah Valdez.


Sports Page

Pirate soccer overcomes difficulties to defeat Crested Butte

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Despite facing unscrupulous opponents, Pirate soccer battled for a 4-3 win against league-leader Crested Butte Saturday, bringing Pagosa to a league record of 5-1 - and controlled the field against Durango, though losing 2-1 in Tuesday's non-league game, setting a record of 6-4 overall.

Crested Butte and Pagosa traded scores throughout the game, and played much of the game at midfield, vying for control of the ball and transitions into the attack.

Crested Butte was the first to score, three minutes into the game, on a low cross and shot into the corner of net.

But less than a minute later, the Pirates answered, off the foot of striker Shan Webb.

As he has done again and again this season, Webb took the ball at midfield and dribbled through defenders into the box, this time sending a slicing left-footed shot past the diving keeper.

Three minutes later, Webb mirrored the play, with another run on goal and score, after a midfield feed from Kevin Blue.

Crested Butte brought the game to a tie, midway through the half, and the game paused at 2-2.

Early in the second half, a penalty was called on Crested Butte in the box, when a defender attempted a takedown on Webb as he approached the goal.

The call was one of the few significant penalties that went against Crested Butte, despite continual questionable play.

Coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason said many more penalties should have been called.

Many similar take-downs and trips went uncalled by the officiating crew.

Throughout the game, Crested Butte would attack Pirate players, rather than the ball - throwing shoulders, elbows and hips.

On the following direct penalty kick, Blue lined a shot into the corner of the net for a goal, to put the Pirates up 3-2.

Crested Butte tied the game with 15 minutes left, with a close shot from the right side.

Pirate keeper Felix Gutierez was injured on the play, and Mike Schmidt had to fill in for the rest of the game at goalie.

With the score at 3-3, and 12 minutes left in the game, the short-handed referee squad threatened to give the game to Crested Butte, by red-carding Max Smith and forcing the Pirates to play with 10 men, against 11.

Smith was evicted for being too vocal - though Crested Butte players cursed, argued with officials and insulted Pagosa players throughout the game.

The red card, also prevented Smith from playing against Durango Tuesday.

But despite being down a man, despite being faced with poor sportsmanship and dirty play, the Pirates found a way to win.

With five minutes remaining, Webb took the ball again from midfield for a fateful run on goal. Webb ran neck-and-neck with a Crested Butte defender, who threw shoulders and hips along the way, trying to knock Webb off the ball, or to the ground.

But Webb's speed and determination proved too much for the player, and Pagosa's striker made it into the box, forcing the keeper to come out for the ball. The three collided, but the ball remained loose. And while the two Crested Butte players were struggling to get back on their feet, Webb was already up and putting the ball in the net.

Webb's hat trick, and a score against Durango, brought him to 17 goals on the season, though he missed the first four games.

But Crested Butte could not have been beaten by a one-man team.

Though the Pirates' play often appeared anxious and rushed, the midfield made Pagosa's scoring opportunities possible, and the defense consistently thwarted Crested Butte's offense with solid efforts from players like sweeper Keith Pitcher.

The score showed an even match-up, but most of the game was played at midfield and the Crested Butte end.

Caleb Ormonde led the team with two assists, and the Pirates had several additional threats on the Crested Butte goal off crosses from Zel Johnston and Thomas Martinez.

Crested Butte's goals came predominantly from quick conversions, made possible by the high-pressure defense the Pirates ran throughout the game.

In the final minutes, the Pirates prevented Crested Butte from tying the game, despite being short-handed, after the loss of Smith.

In an attack within the box, Crested Butte got off several shots on goal. After making a diving block, goalie Schmidt was taken out of the play, and Crested Butte had an open net for a likely score, if not for a swift save by Ormonde in front of the goal and the defense's determined effort.

The game answered a loss to Crested Butte in early September, when the Pirates were without key players like Webb and Blue.

Tuesday, the Pirates faced 4A Durango's JV in another physical game, losing 2-1.

According to Kurt-Mason, Durango consistently attempted take-downs, and was even allowed to punch a Pirate player (while fighting for the ball) without a penalty.

Three Pirates had to be taken out of the game because of injuries - Webb, Schmidt and Martinez.

Webb was kicked in the knee early in the second half and forced to the sideline for about 15 minutes. However, he was able to return and score a goal for the Pirates.

The shot came after a pass from Ormonde to Webb in the center. Slowed by his injury, Webb opted not to run on goal and dropped the ball back to Profirio Palma. Palma then chipped it over Durango defenders to an opening in front of the goal, where Webb received the ball and put it in the net.

Both Durango's goals came in the first half - the first off of a counterattack, the second after a missed offsides call.

Kurt-Mason said the forward who scored the goal was clearly behind the Pirate defense, when the pass was made, and should have brought a whistle.

Despite Durango's Crested Butte-like tactics, Pagosa controlled the game at midfield, said Kurt-Mason - Durango's threats coming only on a fast break and the no-call offsides.

Keeper Felix Gutierez had a good game, as well, with 14 saves. In a one-on-one with a Durango striker, Gutierez made an acrobatic block. As the forward readied to shoot, the Pirate goalie made his dive. However, the shot went behind him, out of the reach of his hands - but Gutierez was able to flick his foot upward, in the middle of his dive, to kick the ball up and over the goal.

Kurt-Mason said he was impressed with his team for keeping their heads during the last two rough games.

They were good teaching games, he said, that would help his team prepare for matches against physical teams in the playoffs.

The Pirates have another league game Saturday, at Ridgway at 11 a.m. The Pirates convincingly beat Ridgway earlier in the season.


Pirate girls finish first, Harms wins second consecutive race

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Pirate girls' cross country swept the podium at Mancos last Saturday, claiming another first-place team finish.

Jaclyn Harms won her second consecutive race with a time of 20 minutes, 24 seconds - followed by Julia Adams at 20:51 and Laurel Reinhardt at 20:52, in a virtual tie for second.

The rest of the team finished strongly as well, with Jessica Lynch in sixth and Chelsea Cooper in seventh.

The team combined for a score of 12 points and claimed a strong first place.

The boys also found the podium, with Jackson Walsh in third place and a second-place team finish, behind state champion Bayfield.

Travis Furman, in fourth, Logan Gholson, in 10th, and Chase Moore, in 15th, combined with Walsh for a team score of 32.

Though a meet in Bloomfield is scheduled, the Pirates will take the weekend off. "This next weekend we will not be racing, just to give us a little more rest and that extra snap for our more important league, regional, and state races," said Coach Scott Anderson.


Pirates lose to Bayfield, drop one game back in league race

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

Two evenly matched teams, each undefeated in league play.

A gym full of enthusiastic fans.

The Intermountain League volleyball lead on the line.

Pagosa versus Bayfield.

When the dust cleared, it was Bayfield: 23-25, 25-13, 25-16, 27-25.

With the two teams matching up head-to-head in terms of experience and talent, the difference was between the ears. Consistency was the key, and Bayfield was more consistent.

The Pirates' undoing came in a breakdown in the passing and setting departments, with unforced errors undermining a chance of victory. Bayfield, on the other hand, remained unruffled throughout the contest, getting some solid performances from veteran players, and emerged with the IML lead.

The Pirates opened the first game with a five-point run. The visitors responded with a seven-point run, using the tip for two of the points - a move that would work for the Wolverines all night long.

Pagosa junior outside hitter Camille Rand nailed the first of her team-leading 10 kills with a blast off the block and Mariah Howell hit an ace as the Pirates went back in front 8-7. Pagosa led 10-9 after Alaina Garman connected on a short set, but Bayfield got a kill and points on two Pagosa attacks out and a passing error to go in front 13-10. The Pirate offense showed moments of control and decent execution, but the effect was short-lived. Following kills by Kim Fulmer, Erin Gabel and Garman, and an ace by Jennifer Haynes, Pagosa trailed 21-16.

The match was characterized by long, unanswered runs of points, and Pagosa had a five-point spree to tie the game at 21. Rand crushed a stray Wolverine pass, Bayfield gave up two points with hitting and passing mistakes, Rand got a good set and put a lightning bolt down from outside. Gabel hit an ace.

As they did all night long, the Wolverines refused to come undone. Bayfield got a point with a soft shot to an empty hole near the 10-foot line and went up 23-21 with a Pagosa attack out of bounds. A Wolverine player made contact with the net to surrender a point and a Bayfield hit that many Wolverine fans believed was touched, went out.

The Pirates got the win as the Wolverines made two consecutive serve-receive mistakes.

Pagosa took a 10-5 lead in the second game, going in front with a tip and a successful attack from the middle by Haynes, three kills by Rand (one from the back row) and an ace by Gabel. A serve error, a botched Pirate transition and a kill by the Wolverines' senior Carrie Bulwan - who would prove a force in the match from that point on, leading the way for Bayfield at the net and in the back court - were part of six unanswered points that put the visitors in front 11-10.

Kim Canty moved to the middle and killed to tie the score and Pagosa went ahead on a Bayfield hitting error. It was the last lead in the game for the home team.

Bayfield's junior middle, Jessica Houtz, killed through the block then hit an ace. Wolverine setter Whitney Howard scored with a sweep off the pass. Houtz gave away a point with a serve error and Bayfield was in front 14-13.

Then, the unthinkable: a run of 11 unanswered points for the Wolverines - fueled with two successful tips, and four unmanageable serves by Bulwan. On Pagosa's side of the net: a meltdown of the serve receive and the setting.

With the match tied, Bayfield had momentum and, once the Wolverines broke a 4-4 deadlock, they never trailed in the third game. Errors continued to plague the Pirates, as did a lack of communication at critical junctures. The visitors took the game 25-16 and had the 2-1 advantage in the match.

The fourth game was either team's to lose, as mistakes would decide the outcome. The teams tied at 4-4, the Pirates getting a kill down the line by Garman and three points on blasts from outside by Rand. Danielle Spencer clobbered an errant Bayfield pass and the home team was ahead 5-4. The teams knotted at 7-7 when the Wolverines used a kill by Houtz down an undefended line, two Pagosa errors and a cross-court kill by Bulwan to go in front 11-7. Haynes replied with a 1 and a Wolverine was called for a lift. A Bayfield freeball fell at the feet of motionless Pirate defenders, but Haynes responded with a kill. The teams then battled to a 15-15 tie, with Rand hitting an ace. Haynes nailed an overpass, putting the ball inside the 10-foot line, and Pagosa was up 17-16, but a Pirate set went over the net and the Wolverines took advantage for a point.

With a kill from the right side by Canty, a kill off the block by Fulmer and an ace by Fulmer, the Pirates went in front 21-18. Bulwan responded with a kill off the block.

Then, the Pirates made a move.

Haynes won a battle for a ball above the net for the 22-19 lead. Haynes served an ace to extend the lead to 23-19. Spencer killed to put her team at game point - one point needed to take the match to a fifth game.

It would not happen.

Pagosa surrendered a point with a hitting error. The Wolverines won a battle above the net, Pagosa was called on a lift, Bayfield put a tip to the floor and a Pirate attack went long. The game was tied 24-24. A Pirate attempt at a tip of a poor set went out to give the visitors the lead, but Spencer tied it at 25 when Canty salvaged an errant pass and gave the senior middle a short set.

Bayfield responded with a cross-court kill then stuff-blocked the outside attack to win game and match.

"The loss was disappointing," said Coach Andy Rice. "It was an important time to have most players at their best. Instead, we made fundamental mistakes - mistakes we haven't seen all season."

Rice noted the Pirates "had heart and fight, but our execution was poor," and singled out the play on offense of Rand and Fulmer. "They hit the ball well, when it was there."

The Pirates and Wolverines tangle at least one more time this season, at Bayfield Oct. 17. With half the league schedule remaining, that, too, could be a critical match. "We know where the bar is set, and we think we can be there by season's end," said the coach. "We don't lack the confidence."

Rice referred as much to the Oct. 28 district tourney as he did to the Oct. 17 date in Bayfield. Only one team advances out of the district to regional competition this year, and the league leader does not automatically get the nod. Whichever team wins the district tournament extends its season.

"We need to be playing our best come the district tournament," said Rice. "And we will play our best when the ball is in the right spot and we take care of business."

Rand led the way for the Pirates against Bayfield with 10 kills, Fulmer had eight.

Gabel and Haynes each hit two ace serves. Canty put up 16 assists, Gabel nine.

Haynes had an effective night at the net on defense, with four solo blocks; Spencer had three.

Rand logged 21 digs in the back court; Iris Frye had 17.

Pagosa travels to Fowler Saturday for its annual appearance at the Fowler Invitational. And this year's field should be better than ever.

"We're excited to go to Fowler," said Rice. "We'll see four returning state tournament teams - Fowler, Sierra Grande, McClave and Lamar - and they are all currently ranked in the top ten in their classifications."

With a "nothing to lose" scenario, Rice thinks the Pirates "have an opportunity to try some new things, to see what we have. We'll play four matches, at least, without the pressure of league standings. And, it's a good mini-regional for us: four tough matches in one day, and we have to travel, be on the road in a hostile environment in the heart of volleyball country."


Pirates pressure 5A Durango

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

A battle with Goliath, anyone?

Perhaps a match with a Durango volleyball team undefeated in 5A league action, featuring great height at the net and experience around the floor?

That was the task faced Tuesday by the Pagosa Pirates when they traveled west for a match with the Demons.

Game 1 featured even play through mid-game, with the teams tied at nearly every point up to 7-7. Durango put together a three-point run to go up 10-7 and never trailed, though Pagosa stayed within striking distance. Kim Canty tipped for a point to tighten the Durango advantage to 10-8 and Kim Fulmer killed a Demon overpass to close the gap further, 11-10. But, each time the Pirates neared another tie, the Demons managed points.

Durango led 17-13 when Canty killed to a hole mid-court; a Pirate ace got the team within 2, 15-17. Durango scored twice, Canty scored off the Demon block. Then, the home team made a deadly four-point run to lead 23-16.

Pagosa did not fold. A Demon serve error surrendered a point; Durango killed to go to game point, 24-17.

The Pirates were not finished. Pagosa put three consecutive points on the board, the first on a kill by Alaina Garman, the second courtesy a Demon hitting error, the final point on an ace by Jennifer Haynes. A Pirate serve error gave away the last point in the 25-20 Durango win.

In the second game, the Pirates came out on the court anything but intimidated. Durango went up 3-1, but the Pirates quickly tied with a stuff lock by Garman and Haynes, and a solo block by Garman. Durango went ahead 5-3; Pagosa tied with a kill off the block from outside by Camille Rand and a Durango hit that went out of bounds.

The Pirates played with intensity, refusing to let Durango leads overwhelm them. With a kill by Haynes and a Durango hitting error, Pagosa trailed 12-14. The Pirates stayed within two, at 13-15, before Durango managed to get some distance from their 3A opponent. The Demons ran off four points, two courtesy Pirate hitting errors, but Rand stopped the run and Erin Gabel scored with a kill from outside. Danielle Spencer scored with a solo block, Durango killed for a point. With the hosts up 20-16, Fulmer scored off a back set. A Pirate serve error gave away a point, but Fulmer crushed another kill from outside to close the gap to 19-21. Haynes stuffed for a point and Pagosa was within one, 20-21.

The Demons had a tussle on their hands. Haynes stuffed a Demon attack to give the Pirates 21 before Durango nailed three straight points for the 25-21 victory.

Call it a moral victory for Pagosa. The Pirates held their own and put the vaunted Demons' backs to the wall throughout the game, refusing to succumb, showing the mettle that could bode very well as the last part of the league season arrives.

More of that mettle was obvious in the third game as the Pirates continued to play with intensity and determination.

A determination shown when Pagosa fell behind after a Demon six-point run that put the home team ahead 13-5.

No problem. Fulmer scored and took back serve with a kill, Gabel hit an ace and a Demon hit went long.

Durango got three points on Pagosa unforced errors but the Pirates stopped the skid and went on a five-point run of their own - with earned points on a solo block by Garman and an ace by Fulmer.

Durango broke the run to lead 18-13 but Spencer rose to the occasion, scoring with two kills.

An ace by Canty got the Pirates to within 16-18. Durango killed and got a second point when the Pirates were called for four hits. Two Demon attacks went out and Rand served a ball that confounded the Demon serve receive. Pagosa trailed 19-20.

A three-point Demon run seemed to put the game out of reach but a Durango serve went awry, Spencer nailed an ace and a Demon hit went out. Spencer again hit an unreturnable serve and, suddenly, the game was tied 23-23.

The Pirates were first to game point as Durango again had trouble with the serve, but the hosts tied it with a ball out off the Pirate block. Two successful Durango attacks ended the game and match, 26-24.

While the match was lost, the Pirates had shown something - a move to a higher level of play, with a tougher attitude. If maintained, the improvement could produce results at this weekend's Fowler tournament, and in the remaining four Intermountain League games prior to the district tournament.

If a loss can be encouraging, this one was.

Fulmer had five kills during the match and Garman (hitting .600) had three.

Gabel put up 12 assists, Canty 8.

Spencer had three ace serves, Haynes had two solo blocks. Rand had eight digs in the back court.

"I was really pleased with the effort, very happy" said Coach Andy Rice. "Our defense was improved, our skills better. Our setting was better - we mixed up our distribution - and our hitting was good.

"We had a balanced effort on offense. Fulmer hit well and hit one ball where she had get to the set fast. She crushed it. Our serving kept them off balance and they weren't able to run their quicks. Our players realized it was a challenge, and they enjoyed it."


Pirates return after bye week, face Durango

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Pirate football returns to the field Friday after a week off, taking on the Durango Demons, in Durango at 7 p.m.

The Pirates upset Buena Vista in a come-from-behind victory two weeks ago, claiming a record of 1-1 in league play, 2-3 overall.

Though ranked third in the Mountain league, behind Salida and Buena Vista, the Pirates will likely make the playoffs if they win the rest of their league games.

If top-ranked Salida wins the rest of its league games, including a regular season finale against Buena Vista, the Pirates are guaranteed a playoff berth as runners-up in the Mountain league - if they win all their remaining league games.

However, if Buena Vista beats Salida by more than four points (the point differential in the Demons' loss to the Pirates), the Pirates would not be a shoe-in. Under those circumstances, Pagosa would need Monte Vista to beat Buena Vista, in order to finish in second place. Otherwise, they would finish in third, after a tie-breaker with Buena Vista and would need to rely on a wildcard designation.

Only four of six 2A teams (which finish third in their league) can make the playoffs as wildcards, based on a combination of record, points and other tie-breakers.

The Pirates need to count on winning. And hope for Buena Vista to lose.

The game against 4A Durango will serve as a warmup for the final three league games, after a bye week with less intensity at practice, and some healing.

After Durango, the Pirates will face Centauri, Monte Vista and Bayfield (for the end of the regular season).

Of the three, Monte Vista will be the most formidable opponent. Monte Vista has a record of 3-2, and narrowly lost to league-leader Salida in its only league game so far, 26-22.

Centauri and Bayfield cannot be disregarded either, though they both have overall records of 1-4, winless in league play.

Both teams have shown the ability to put points on the board - Centauri with a 54-0 victory over Rye, Bayfield in a 32-19 loss to Salida.

The Pirates were shut out by Salida 20-0.

If the Pirates can keep the intensity that helped them defeat Buena Vista, they have a good chance of winning their final league match-ups.

But first they must face Durango. An underdog victory there would go a long way to recharge the energy needed to power through the rest of the season.


Junior high wrestling season begins

Pagosa Springs Junior High wrestling team will begin its season Monday, Oct. 16.

All junior high-age students in the Pagosa Springs school district are eligible and invited to participate, regardless of school affiliation.

Practice is from 3:45 to 5:30 p.m. Monday through Thursday and 3:15 to 5 on Fridays. Competitions are every Tuesday night starting Oct. 24.

The season concludes Saturday, Dec. 2, with the San Juan Basin League Tournament, held this year in Pagosa Springs.

A doctor's physical and parent permission are required before the athlete is eligible to participate.

For additional information, call Dan Janowsky at 264-4554.


Pagosa Springs Recreation

Express your opinions about youth basketball changes

By Tom Carosello

SUN Columnist

It's time to register for 7-8 youth basketball.

Registration for this year's 7-8 basketball league (a coed league) began yesterday and will run through Oct. 23.

Children who will be 7 or 8 years old as of Nov. 15 are eligible to register. The 7-8 division season is tentatively scheduled to begin in early November.

Registrations are available at the recreation office, which is now located upstairs in Town Hall. Registrations are also available online in Adobe format at www.townofpagosasprings.com (click on the town departments link, then the recreation link).

Cost is $25 per player and $15 for each additional child in the same, immediate family who participates.

Please note that registration for the 9-10 and 11-12 divisions will begin in mid-November; the season for these divisions will not begin until early January.

Coaches and team sponsors for all divisions are needed and appreciated.

Cost for sponsorship is $150, which includes sponsor's name on team uniforms, commemorative plaque with team picture and recognition in media articles.

For more information call 264-4151, Ext. 231 or 232.

Comments split on youth basketball

The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department staff is currently exploring the feasibility of forming separate leagues for boys and girls in the 9-10 and 11-12 divisions this year.

Thus far, feedback from parents and coaches has been split 50-50 on whether or not to proceed with separating these currently coed leagues into boys' and girls' leagues.

Input from local coaches indicates participation among these age groups is higher when teams are divided according to gender because players tend to feel less intimidated and more comfortable competing in separate leagues.

However, with increased participation comes the probability of fewer games per season due to a potentially higher number of teams, plus the usual constraints of limited facilities and court times.

Until mid-November, the recreation department staff would like to obtain feedback from coaches, parents and players concerning this proposal.

Anyone interested in commenting can call the department office at 264-4151, Ext. 231 or 232. Comments by e-mail may be sent to andy.rice@centurytel.net or tcarosello@centurytel.net.

Thank you for your cooperation in this matter; the decision on whether or not to separate this year's 9-10 and 11-12 youth basketball leagues according to gender will depend heavily on public comment.

Youth soccer schedule

Youth soccer continues tonight at the elementary school with teams in the 11-13 and 9-10 divisions scheduled for play; 11-13 Forest faces 11-13 Navy at 5 p.m. and Royal takes on Navy in the 9-10 contest at 6:10 p.m.

The remainder of the youth soccer schedule for the coming week includes:

- Oct. 7 at Town Park - Maroon 5-6 vs. Dulce at 9 a.m., Navy 5-6 vs. Dulce at 10:15 a.m., Red 7-8 vs. Dulce at 9 a.m., Orange 7-8 vs. Dulce at 10:15 a.m and Navy 7-8 vs. Maroon 7-8 at 11:10 a.m.

- Oct. 7 at the elementary school - Royal 9-10 vs. Dulce at 9 a.m., Maroon 9-10 vs. Dulce at 10:15 a.m., Black 9-10 vs. Navy 9-10 at 11:30 a.m., Forest 11-13 vs. Dulce at 9 a.m. (upper field), Maroon 11-13 vs. Dulce at 10:20 a.m. and Orange 11-13 vs. Navy 11-13 at 11:30 a.m.

- Oct. 10 - In the 11-13 division, Maroon faces Orange at 5 p.m. on the elementary school upper field. At 6:10 p.m., Maroon goes against Black in the 9-10 division game.

Youth soccer tournaments

The 9-10 and 11-13 tournaments (double-elimination) begin Oct. 12, with two Pagosa teams taking on Dulce. Action in both tournaments will continue Oct. 14.

Separate schedules outlining the tournament seedings and game times will be provided to coaches and available online following the outcome of the Oct. 10 games. (Go to www.townofpagosasprings.com, click on the town departments link, then the recreation link).

A note to parents and coaches: After opening night, game times for the tournaments will be moved up to 4:30 p.m. and 5:45 p.m. weekdays for the 11-13 tournament, and 4:45 p.m. and 5:45 p.m. weekdays for the 9-10 tournament.

Also, during the final week of 11-13 tournament, games will be played Monday, Oct. 16, Wednesday, Oct. 18, and Saturday, Oct. 21.

During the final week of the 9-10 tournament, games will be played Tuesday, Oct. 17, Thursday, Oct. 19, and Saturday, Oct. 21.

Sports hotline

General information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department can be obtained by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to townofpagosasprings.com and going to the parks and recreation link.

All schedules and upcoming events are updated on a weekly basis. If you have questions or concerns, or need additional information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, call 264-4151, Ext. 232.


A wrong-headed move

Ah, populism; the egalitarian ideal brought to politics, the notion that all are equal, and equally able to deal with things political. A fine idea in its simplest form, left unexamined, left untested against history and fact. Allowed to bake too long in the hot oven of frustrated ego, the idea takes on a magical quality, asserting as it does that government should be a matter of participatory democracy. And, in Colorado, that the process should proceed via continued amendment of the Constitution.

What a train wreck of an idea, revealed when even the weakest light shines on it. The wise people who developed our system of representative government knew this. They structured a system in which the people elect those they trust to do their best for the common good. They elect those among them they believe have the capacity to study and involve themselves in the process of government full-time - who have the ability to make generally wise decisions as a result. And, when those representatives don't do this, the system allows for their removal, and replacement with someone who can. True, this system has run off track many times, yet it is not immune to rapid repair, given the active involvement of candidates and office holders who possess the intellects, compassion and integrity to do the job in their constituents' best interests. It is a workable system.

But, the tendency of late has been to lean on the crutch of the unexamined populist ideal; to move for more government by petition, thrusting measures before ill-learned voters and, oftentimes, in cases where measures pass, to levy a burden on the population. The glaring truth is the ordinary citizen is too gullible, too ignorant of the subtleties of law, to make law. Too much harm can result.

Alas, on the November ballot, we find an initiative put there by petition that reflects the populist idea and that would advance it: Proposed Amendment 38, which would make it easier yet to substitute the petition process for representative government, at all levels of state government.

Overall, the Amendment would make it easier to engage participatory democracy, and to do damage at all levels of government. It would eliminate safeguards now in place. It would limit the ability of governments to respond quickly to changing situations.

The continuing drive to modify our Constitution instead of creating statutory law is a disaster. The amendment should be rejected.

Here's a fine example of a proposal that lures the populist and creates potential problems: proposed Amendment 39 - a petition-driven proposal that sounds just peachy, as long as no one thinks about it. What would the voter be asked to decide in this initiative pushed by an out-of-state group? That 65 percent of a school district's operating budget be spent on instruction activities that directly contact students. Sounds great.

Here's the problem, the same created by No Child left Behind and CSAP. The measure would devour yet another huge chunk of local control over education. And there is not a whole lot left.

Will the populist analyze the proposal and ask "Why, then, do we elect local school boards. Why bother, if we cede all authority to higher levels of government?" Probably not.

There's the rub. The average Joe doesn't have the time to do the homework. Buzz words and pat phrases stand in for fact. When our representatives fail us, we can remove them. When they make statutory law, we can ask new representatives to change it. Quickly. When the public amends an already cluttered constitution, we can be in for a very long fight.

Populism, participatory democracy, is a weak idea. Amending the Constitution, for the most part, is a wrong-headed move.

Karl Isberg



Shari Pierce

90 years ago

Taken from SUN files of October 13, 1916

That the Sun is valued as the best advertising medium in the county is evidenced by the space usurped this week by legals and display ads.

Free - If your name is Mary, if you weigh 93 lbs., or if your salary is $104,000 per year, you will be admitted free at the Gem tonight to see Mary Pickford in "Rags".

Charley Harris has just finished digging 194 sacks of potatoes from one and one quarter acres of land at Trujillo, and cut twenty tons of alfalfa from seven acres, all dry land.

The agitation carried on by this paper for the past four years in favor of a re-arrangement of the commissioners' districts and a respectable court house building is at last bearing fruit.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of October 9, 1931

Senator Chas. F. Rumbaugh recently completed the installation of a new and complete steam heating plant at the Metropolitan Hotel, which insures ample warmth for the hotel and other business enterprises in the Rumbaugh building the ensuing winter.

Two, four or more federal prohibition agents dropped into Pagosa and adjacent territory Tuesday and before the day was over had arrested Ed Rust and Harry K. West, both of Pagosa Springs, charging them with violation of the federal prohibition law. They were taken to Durango at once for preliminary hearing before the U.S. Commissioner at that place, but to date we have not learned the outcome.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of October 11, 1956

The weather is still dry and it looks as if hunting season will open with some of the driest weather in a great many years. The rainfall has been negligible here in town this month, although there have been some scattered showers elsewhere in the county. Many of the smaller streams are completely dry and the San Juan River is running very low. There are also reports of springs and streams that are now dry that old timers can never remember having been dry before. The river through town is so low that it can easily be crossed without getting your feet wet and if moisture is not forthcoming soon the country is going to be in a very bad way. There have been no excessively low temperatures this month to date and the weather has been just plain nice.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of October 8, 1981

Monday 1.46 inches of rain fell in town according to the official U.S. weather station operated by Carl Bolt. Monday and Tuesday 31 and 30 degree temperatures were recorded.

Pagosa Springs Police Chief Tracy Bunning asked the town board to support several groups who are working to get the state highway department to install traffic lights. The board agreed that traffic controls are needed at the Highway 160-Fourth street intersection and near the elementary school as well as changes in speed control zones. Highway 160 through town is under the State Department of Highways jurisdiction and any changes must be approved by them.



Entertainment & More

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

They've been at it for more than 16 years - entertaining their community and giving back to that community - and they are still going strong.

"They" are the members of the Pagosa Springs Music Boosters, Pagosa's Performing Arts Company.

The non-profit organization has done much more than present theatrical productions over the years: It has been a source of scholarships that have benefitted Pagosa students, providing money that has assisted students with an interest in pursuing musical and theatrical arts into post-secondary education.

Joan Hageman was involved with Music Boosters from the beginning. She and onetime Pagosa resident Terry Caywood were instrumental in the formation of the group and Hageman has been a part of many of the Boosters' most noted and popular productions.

Hageman assumed the presidency of Music Boosters shortly after it was formed and remained in the position for 13 years. During that time, the group began to beat its theatrical wings, taking small steps at first, then moving on to bigger and better things. It also formed itself as a nonprofit organization with a mission statement that included a charitable core.

"We first formed with the goal of providing scholarship funds," said Hageman. She and the early members of the board "wanted to get the whole community, including the kids, involved. We wrote our bylaws with that in mind and detailed the goals in our mission statement,"

The first several shows were presented in what is now the junior high school gym, and in the Parish Hall on Lewis Street. They included a nostalgia radio show; a show featuring the music of the '50s, with Elvis; a show based on a country theme; a melange of "Twisted Fairy Tales."

Things began to grow.

Why not a Broadway show?

And so, a tradition that survives to this day was born in Pagosa Country.

The show: "Brigadoon."

The place: the sanctuary of Community United Methodist Church.

The first Music Boosters scholarship was awarded following "Brigadoon."

Another tradition - the Boosters' Christmas holiday show - was created shortly thereafter, with a revue, "Christmas Fantasy."

The Methodist Church again played host to a Boosters' Broadway-show production, the classic "Music Man."

The Boosters then took a turn and presented their best-received non-musical production, "The Good Doctor," as cast members with substantial experience and talent seemed to be coming out of the woodwork with each new show. "The Good Doctor" was held in what is now the Sears store, on South 6th Street, in downtown Pagosa Springs.

Then, another step up - not by the Boosters themselves - but by the community.

A large, modern theater space, with enhanced technical potential - the high school auditorium - was constructed as part of a new school.

The Music Boosters put on the first large-scale show in the auditorium, "Bye Bye Birdie," an event that included a large number of local teens. A Gershwin revue, "S'wonderful," followed and the Boosters went on to delight local audiences with the all-male "Forever Plaid."

The "Forever Plaid" production hit the road, charming audiences as the Boosters made an appearance at the Southwest Theater Festival - the first appearance of several over the years.

Audience fervor exploded with the arrival of a group of wacky nuns on the Pagosa stage. "Nunsense" was a huge hit and was followed by yet another major success - "Fiddler on the Roof," which also wowed audiences at the Southwest Theater Festival.

Several Broadway show productions have followed: "Meet Me in St. Louis," "Nunsense II" (yet another hit at the Southwest Theater Festival), "Oklahoma" and "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat."

A melodrama, "Lily, the Felon's Daughter" was put on twice in 2006 and the group has produced "You Can't Take it With You" and "The Mousetrap."

The Boosters have sponsored several notable appearances by outside artists. The great Brazilian guitarist, songwriter and vocalist Tony Osana appeared in "Rhythmania"; the Queen City Jazz Band had audiences on their feet; the Boosters facilitated appearances by the Aspen Ballet and the David Taylor Dance Theater.

The holiday show is eagerly anticipated by local audiences. Included among these shows have been "A Christmas Carol," "A Wonderful Life" and "A Magical Madrigal Dinner."

This year, at the end of November and in early December, the nuns from the Little Sisters of Hoboken convent return to Pagosa as the Boosters present their version of Dan Goggins' "Nuncrackers" at three evening performances and one matinee.

The ambitions and accomplishments of the Boosters have been unrestrained. The ambition is fueled, after all, by the primary goal of the organization: To raise money to fund the scholarship program and to give to the community in a variety of other ways.

"The group has achieved its goals," said Hageman. "It has given out a lot of scholarships. It has also given local kids money for school-related, arts-related trips and projects. It has provided the school system with line sets for the auditorium, technical equipment, a grand piano for the high school, instruments and choir robes, among other things."

The group has stuck to it, on stage and off. "Overall, it has followed those guidelines we set many years ago."

Current Music Boosters president Michael DeWinter agrees. "Three years ago," he said, "we doubled the amount of scholarship money going to a student, raising the amount to a thousand dollars per year. We increased the number of new scholarships to a possible two per year and a possible total of eight at any one time." The Boosters now have six active scholarships.

"We are all about giving back," said DeWinter, "and everything we do is completely voluntary - no one gets paid. In fact, many of us end up paying to do this - in time and in our own money. We all love doing it. (Current board members are DeWinter, Lisa Hartley, Scott Farnham, Kathy Isberg, Dale Morris, Lisa Hartley, Shawna Carosello, Susan Neder, Mike Neder and Rick Artis).

"The education aspect of what the organization does is important to us," said DeWinter. "Two of our kids have gone on to become teachers and three now in college intend to be music and or drama teachers. Plus, when the high school auditorium opened, it allowed us to increase the scope and size of our productions, enabling us to bring even more people into the process. Our average show involves approximately one hundred people from the community, in a variety of roles and jobs."

DeWinter summed it up, saying, "There aren't many community theater groups that give back so much, especially to their schools."

On the immediate horizon, the group is readying a party - "Hallo-Swing" a '40s swing dance party set for Oct. 27 at the PLPOA Clubhouse.

And, of course, rehearsals are underway for "Nuncrackers," as the gals from the convent prepare to take to the stage in the high school auditorium.

It's about entertainment. It's about community service and education

It's about fun.

"Nuncrackers" plays Nov. 30, Dec. 1-2.

For more about Music Boosters, see the group's Web site at pagosamusicboosters.org.


Pagosa's Past

'Compelled to become wanderers ...'

By John M. Motter

SUN Columnist

The three Southern Ute Tribes were, for certain, being relocated full time to Colorado.

Before the relocation, the Moache, Capote and Weminuche known, collectively as the Southern Utes, summered in Colorado and wintered in New Mexico, often near their Jicarilla Apache friends.

By the mid-1870s, the Utes knew what real estate they could call home.

Not so the Jicarilla. They had been pushing for a reservation of their own since the late 1850s when, after a series of defeats by U.S. troops, they agreed to live in peace with the incoming rush of white settlers.

To be sure, the Jicarilla were difficult to deal with. The Llanero, or plains clan, was holding out for a reservation near Cimarron. The Ollero, or mountain clan, was looking for a home west of the Rio Grande, possibly near Abiquiu, but anywhere in northern New Mexico would have been satisfactory.

Sale of the Maxwell Land Grant to a large English company ended hope for the Llanero to settle near Cimarron. The Jicarilla did not quit without one more attempt to stay in the Cimarron area, led by José Largo. Among Largo's demands made to Agent Arny was that Jicarilla rations be increased. The Apache leader claimed that the supply allotted would not feed an average family for 10 days.

Arny was left with the impression that if the Jicarilla were not rationed adequately, war would break out during the coming winter. Arny recommended an increase in rations, especially since the Jicarilla had received no rations the previous year. Army troops camped nearby, hoping to avert trouble by a show of force.

September was potentially an explosive month. A series of events occurred that nearly led to violence. At a crucial and inopportune time, the Cimarron Agency was without a leader. Capt. W.P. Wilson of Fort Union was placed in charge. Instead of tending to affairs at Cimarron, Wilson preferred to hang around with fellow officers at Fort Union.

While Wilson was agent, an incident took place that nearly ignited an Indian war. It involved three youngsters - an Anglo boy, a Spanish boy, and an Indian boy - who started quarreling when one was kicked by a cow. This battered youth ran to the village yelling that the Indians had beaten him and driven off the herd. Almost immediately, a dozen armed men stormed off to the field where the alleged beating had taken place. To their embarrassment, they found only a herd of peacefully grazing cows. Had any Indians been nearby, they probably would have been shot on sight. The Cimarron newspaper later reported the incident as if it had been a serious event. The villagers' unthinking response to this childish prank illustrates how strained the relationship was between white and Jicarilla.

The Jicarilla band continued to follow its traditional lifestyle in 1872, even as they looked for a permanent home. Meanwhile, the Jicarilla became more and more the dependent victims of the government ration system, a system they despised but had to follow to survive.

The final dispossession of the Jicarilla from their traditional homeland took place in 1883 when they were moved to the Mescalero Apache Reservation in southern New Mexico. This feat occurred only after two Jicarilla Apache Reservations had been created by Executive Order, one in 1874 and the other in 1880. Both were abrogated.

Sam A. Russell, special agent in Tierra Amarilla, wrote in 1876, "The Jicarilla Apache Indian has no home. No incentive to improvement has ever been placed before them; they are left to roam over a section of mountainous country of uncertain ownership; or it may be included in a Mexican land grant."

In 1878, Russell wrote, "They have been left by a paternal government without a home, and compelled to become wanderers, by being driven from place to place where they have attempted to locate and cultivate the soil. They have, through me, been for almost four years begging for a home; a place where they could farm and have schools for their children. It has thus far been denied them."

When U.S. and Ute leaders met in 1872 to continue negotiating the terms of Ute settlement in Colorado, Jicarilla leader Huero Mundo was invited by his brother-in-law, Ouray, to address the meeting on behalf of the Jicarilla. The officials listened to Mundo, but took no action.

More next week concerning the Jicarilla efforts to obtain a reservation.


Pagosa Sky Watch

NASA launches Solar-B spacecraft to study sun

By James Robinson

Staff Writer


The following sun and moon data is provided by the United States Naval Observatory.

Sunrise: 7:07 a.m.

Sunset: 6:45 p.m.

Moonrise: 6:02 p.m.

Moonset: 6:30 a.m. Oct. 6.

Moon phase: The moon is waxing gibbous with 97 percent of the visible disk illuminated. The full moon is Oct. 6 at 9:12 p.m. Mountain Daylight Time.

For amateur astronomers, the sun is an oft-overlooked object for observation. Professional astronomers and scientists from a variety of fields, however, have a keen interest in studying the dynamics of the sun, particularly how permutations in the sun's magnetic field might affect Earth-based power grids, satellite communications and the safety of astronauts working on the moon or in space.

To that end, in cooperation with the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) and various space agencies from the United Kingdom and Europe, NASA successfully launched the Solar-B spacecraft Friday on its mission to the sun.

Initial reports indicate the launch vehicle blasted off from Japan's Uchinoura Space Center without incident and successfully entered its intended orbit around Earth.

Once there, according to NASA, the Solar-B craft will circle Earth in a trajectory that places the onboard instruments in continuous sunlight for nine months each year. The extended period allows for continuous and simultaneous data collection from the craft's three, primary onboard instruments - a solar optical telescope, an X-ray telescope and the Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer.

"Solar-B will record how energy stored in the solar magnetic field is released as that field rises into the sun's outer atmosphere," said Larry Hill, Solar-B project manager at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center.

According to NASA, the solar optical telescope, the first of its kind in space, will measure the strength and direction of the sun's magnetic field in the sun's low atmosphere, or photosphere.

The X-ray telescope will focus primarily on the sun's corona, or outer atmosphere, a place prone to violent, energetic bursts known as solar flares or coronal mass ejections.

Astronomers say these violent, energetic eruptions are powered by the sun's magnetic field, and they are particularly interested in the relationship between the sun's magnetic field, corona and photosphere, and the coalescence of factors that make these bursts possible.

With no forewarning when a burst might occur, astronomers say the energetic events can have a significant affect on Earth, and by combining observations made with the optical and X-ray telescopes, project scientists hope to learn how changes in the sun's magnetic field might trigger these explosive events.

Lastly, the imaging spectrometer will measure the speed of solar particles, the layers that separate the photosphere from the corona, and the temperature and density of solar plasma - the hot ionized gas surrounding the sun.

The three instruments, working in conjunction, will study the generation, transport and dissipation of magnetic energy form the photosphere to the corona. The instruments will also record how energy stored in the sun's magnetic field is released - either gradually, or violently - as the magnetic field rises into the sun's outer atmosphere.

"The information that Solar-B will provide is significant for understanding and forecasting of solar disturbances, which can interfere with satellite communications, electric power transmission grids, and threaten the safety of astronauts traveling beyond the safety of the Earth's magnetic field," said John M. Davis, Solar-B project scientist.

With the data collected by Solar-B, scientists hope to be able to identify the magnetic field configurations that lead to explosive solar energy releases, and that one day they can predict when these violent events may occur.

Sun Facts

- The average distance from Earth to the sun is 93 million miles. It takes light eight and a half minutes to travel from the sun to Earth.

- Typically, the strength of the sun's magnetic field is only about twice that of Earth's. However, sunspots, which appear as dark spots on the sun's surface, are regions of intense magnetism often having magnetic fields thousands of times stronger than Earth's magnetic field.

- The sun has 99.8 percent of the mass in our solar system, but is comprised largely of gas - primarily hydrogen and helium.

- Although less violent than solar flares - solar flares are the most violent eruptions in our solar system — coronal mass ejections are capable of flinging tremendous amounts of matter into space. For example, a single event can spew 20 billion tons of matter into space - a cube of lead three-quarters of a mile long on one side would have nearly the same mass.



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Greater chance for rain, cooler temperatures

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

Ah, Indian Summer.

With only a trace of precipitation since last Thursday, billowy clouds and a bright autumn sun have dominated daytime skies, while a waxing moon and twinkling stars have ruled the night.

Speaking of the moon, Saturday marks the full Harvest Moon.

In the Pagosa Lakes area, high temperatures hovered around the 70-degree mark all week, varying only four degrees between 68 and 72. Early in the period, nighttime lows dipped barely below freezing, while Monday's low remained two degrees above (freezing, that is). Lows Tuesday and Wednesday never dropped below the upper 30s.

The forecast for the next week calls for a chance of afternoon and evening thunderstorms through Tuesday. According to the National Weather Service, the best chance of rain will be tomorrow, with a 50 percent probability. The chances of rain tomorrow night and Saturday are listed at 40 percent.

Meanwhile, cooler daytime highs will top out in the low to mid 60s throughout the forecast period, with early-morning lows hanging around 30.

Beyond Tuesday, the extended outlook calls for plenty of sunshine and a gradual warming trend.

If you haven't been out to view fall colors yet, this weekend is the time. High-country colors are peaking now, and many regions of the state are in full glory. Recommended viewing areas include: Piedra Road, Middle Fork Trailhead, the East Fork Road to Piedra Falls, Plumtaw Loop and Mill Creek Road.

If you're traveling Saturday or Sunday, you may want to check out the main fork of the Dolores River, or U.S. 550 north of Durango, particularly between Haviland Lake and Durango Mountain Resort. With low-elevation showers in the forecast, be prepared for extreme weather conditions.