September 7, 2006

Front Page

County opposes drilling near Fruitland Outcrop

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The Archuleta County Board of County Commissioners sent a message to the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the United States Forest Service Tuesday with their approval of a resolution stating opposition to coal bed methane drilling within 1.5 miles of the Fruitland Outcrop in the HD Mountains area.

The unanimous decision to ratify the resolution came after presentations by Jason Peasley of the county's planning department, and by Bob Delzell and Josh Joswick of the San Juan Citizens Alliance.

Delzell lives near the outcrop in the Archuleta County portion of the project area, and harbors grave concerns regarding the impacts of drilling near the outcrop.

According to Peasley and board chair, Commissioner Ronnie Zaday, Tuesday's resolution extends the county's previous stance, articulated in resolution 2004-28 and adopted in September 2004, opposing drilling in the 1.5 mile buffer zone and in the HD Mountains Roadless Area, and follows the recent release of the final environmental impact statement (EIS) for coal bed methane drilling in the northern San Juan Basin.

According to EIS team leader Walt Brown, the project area encompasses a 125,000 acre swath of land between Durango and Bayfield, and extends east into Archuleta County and north of the Southern Ute Reservation. Brown said the project area has a 40-year life-span, with an estimated production of 2.5 trillion cubic feet of gas and gross revenues currently estimated at $15 billion.

Peasley said while the impacts of drilling in the roadless area have been partially mitigated in the EIS' preferred alternative - of the 20,000 inventoried acres in the roadless area, 8,000 have been identified as unsuitable for drilling or drilling infrastructure based on current coal bed methane extraction techniques - the preferred alternative leaves the 1.5 mile buffer zone near the Fruitland Outcrop open to drilling.

Peasley said experiences in La Plata County indicate the outcrop area is particularly sensitive and susceptible to drilling-related adverse impacts and he added that a 1.5 mile outcrop buffer exists in La Plata County.

Under the EIS' preferred alternative, although drilling would be allowed within the 1.5 mile buffer zone, test wells and monitoring are required before full-scale drilling begins.

Joswick described the tack as the, "Let's do it and see what happens," approach, and said the monitoring period was not clear.

Speaking to the board, Delzell said of the 85 wells proposed for the Archuleta County portion of the project area, 48 are within the 1.5 mile buffer zone. In addition, the preferred alternative would allow 13 miles of new roads and 30 well pads also within the 1.5 mile area.

Delzell said he was concerned about impacts to water wells, the increased risk of methane seeping into homes and water sources, and the risk of coalbed methane fires or hydrogen sulfide seeps once the water table is drawn down when drilling commences.

"We believe it's a disaster waiting to happen," Delzell said.

As approved, the resolution asks the Forest Service to extend the 1.5 mile buffer from La Plata County into Archuleta County and asks for further study into the hazards of drilling near the outcrop before drilling begins.

Although the impact of the commissioner's resolution on the forthcoming record of decision is unclear, Ann Bond, spokesperson for the San Juan Public Lands Center, said comments will be accepted until the record of decision is released, sometime between the end of September and mid-October.

"All comments, especially from government bodies carry weight, but what we are focusing on now, and what we are accepting now, are comments on the accuracy and completeness of the analysis in the final EIS," Bond said.


Town's 'big box' ordinance falters on second reading

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

An effort to institute legislation regulating big box retail development in the Town of Pagosa Springs faltered for the second time in a year during Tuesday's town council meeting.

Whereas the town's first effort failed due to town council opposition, Tuesday's second reading failed, at least temporarily, on two technicalities.

The ordinance, had it been approved, would have capped large format retail buildings at 100,000 square feet, with buildings exceeding 40,000 square feet triggering the completion of an economic impact assessment prior to the project's final approval.

As part of the ordinance put forth in a motion by council member Bill Whitbred at a previous meeting, Whitbred introduced a variance clause that would allow retail projects exceeding the square footage cap to go before the town planning commission and town council for special consideration.

In the motion, Whitbred outlined the reduced size caps, the square footage cap triggering the economic impact assessment and the variance procedure. The council then approved the motion, agreeing the variance proceedings should run their traditional course - the request going first before the town planning commission who would provide a recommendation, with the town council providing final approval or denial of the request.

Despite prior council discussion and approval of the variance language during the ordinance's first reading Aug. 10, the variance language was omitted from the draft presented to the town council for final approval Tuesday, and the omission became a stumbling block to approval and cause for council concern.

Also missing from the ordinance, in addition to the variance, or special consideration clause, was clarification of vague language relating to the application of the legislation to a "unified retail development."

During the ordinance's first reading, it was agreed the definition of "unified retail development" was unclear, and Town Manager Mark Garcia said staff would clarify the term prior to the ordinance's second reading Tuesday.

A letter to the town council from town attorney Bob Cole dated Aug. 29, indicates Cole had worked to clarify the language. However, subsequent correspondence ensued, and according to Mark Garcia, further, and perhaps final clarification arrived Sept. 5 about 30 minutes before the town council meeting.

Lacking sufficient time to review Cole's memo and lacking the variance language, the council agreed to table second reading of the document until Sept. 14, when they could hammer out a clear definition of "unified retail development."

Not all were happy with the outcome.

Lacking a clear definition of a "unified retail development," Jeff Knuckles remains unsure of his development options for a 38-acre parcel near the intersection of U.S. 84 and 160.

In a previous big box ordinance meeting, Knuckles argued that a stringent definition of the term will adversely affect his ability to commercially develop the property, and could limit the site to one, 100,000 square foot retail building. Knuckles said this runs contrary to his plans for the acreage.

In a presentation to the council Tuesday, Knuckles asserted that in light of significant financial investment, zoning and long term planning efforts, the parcel should be excluded from the big box regulations entirely.

"We went through zoning and master planning. We've spent a million dollars already, and you're telling me that doesn't mean anything," Knuckles said.

Knuckles said if the property is bound by the big box regulations as currently drafted, the regulations could devalue the property by as much as $8 million.

Knuckles attended the meeting with his attorney.

Council member John Middendorf disagreed with Knuckles assertions and he pushed for approval of the legislation, despite the omissions, saying the town had come too far to let the regulations falter again.

"For one landowner to totally sway this ordinance is totally unreasonable," Middendorf said.

Middendorf then moved to approve the ordinance as presented, but the effort died for lack of a second.

"Just for the record, I think it's sad to see a project sidetracked so easily due to one individual in the community," said Middendorf.

Garcia said the council should take a closer look at Cole's comments before the Sept. 14 meeting in order to put clear language into the final document. And council members Stan Holt, Darrel Cotton, and Mayor Ross Aragon agreed more time was needed to review Cole's most recent comments.

Council members Bill Whitbred, Judy James and Tony Simmons were absent from Tuesday's proceedings.

"What it boils down to is we need to work on this definition further," said Garcia.

The ordinance will go again before the town council Sept. 14 at 5 p.m. for final approval.


District breaks ground, Hopkins resigns chair

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

The ground is broken, let construction begin.

A large crowd gathered at the site of the former Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center Tuesday evening, to witness the symbolic groundbreaking for construction of a new Critical Access Hospital in Pagosa Springs. The Upper San Juan Health Service District (USJHSD) and Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Foundation co-hosted the event at the proposed hospital site on the west side of South Pagosa Boulevard, just south of U.S. 160.

As town and county dignitaries, large and small contributors, area medical personnel, and interested citizens looked on, Dick Blide joined USJHSD board members in describing the significance of the proposed facility, while acknowledging the many people involved in making it a reality. Blide is a retired physician, former USJHSD board member and financial contributor to the hospital project, and is credited with its inspiration.

Following several inspirational and heartfelt remarks, board members Pam Hopkins, Neal Townsend, Bob Scott, Bob Goodman, Michelle Visel, Kitzel Farrah and Jim Pruitt turned shovels of dirt signifying the start of a 14-month project that will result in a fully functional medical facility.

Afterward, the crowd moved inside the former medical center to review architectural renderings of the proposed hospital, and enjoy refreshments provided by event hosts. The drawings included a sketch floorplan of the former medical center and illustrated its eventual incorporation into the new facility.

Immediately following the groundbreaking ceremony, the USJHSD board convened its regular monthly meeting above the fire station at 191 N. Pagosa Blvd. After board chair Pam Hopkins called the meeting to order and secretary Bob Scott declared a quorum, Hopkins promptly announced her resignation as board chair.

"After two years and four months as board chair, I'm tired," she said. "I'm remaining on the board, I just don't want to run it anymore."

Hopkins had forewarned the other board members and district staff of her decision, so it came as no surprise. Nevertheless, when the announcement came, reactions among the board and others in attendance were mildly melancholic.

As part of customary procedure under Robert's Rules of Order, Hopkins exercised her authority to nominate a successor, and readily chose vice-chair Neal Townsend. After first accepting Hopkins' resignation, the remaining board members then unanimously approved Townsend as the new board chair.

Of course, Townsend's approval as chairman facilitated the immediate need to select a new vice-chair. With board member Kitzel Farrah absent, Hopkins obviously unavailable, and Scott and treasurer Bob Goodman already serving in other capacities, that left just Michelle Visel and Jim Pruitt as the only viable candidates.

At that point, the room fell silent for several seconds, as board members glanced back and forth between Visel and Pruitt. In the end, Visel reluctantly yielded to mounting pressure and agreed to become the new vice-chair.

Once the new officers were approved by a vote of the board members present, Townsend led the room in applauding Hopkins' work and dedication during her long tenure as board chair.

During the regular course of business, Goodman gave the monthly financial report, and the board discussed finalization of agreements between the district, Mercy Hospital, the architect and construction contractor. Various subcommittees, including the hospital construction, finance and fund-raising committees, offered respective updates, and Emergency Medical Services explained monthly patient transports.

District manager Pat Haney talked briefly of an upcoming Mineral and Energy Grant meeting in Redstone, Colo. soon, then introduced two new staff members, Ken Johansen and Clint Fraley. Johansen is the interim controller for the district and Fraley has just taken over as EMS operations manager.


Inside The Sun

New Stevens Field ground lease agreement approved

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

The Archuleta County Board of County Commissioners (BoCC) has approved a new ground lease for owners and users of airport hangars at Stevens Field. The latest version replaces a less favorable one adopted in August of last year.

Since adopting the 2005 lease, county officials had received numerous requests to review and revise it. Naturally, the bulk of those demands came from airport hangar owners, but prospective hangar builders and buyers, and members of the Archuleta County Airport Advisory Commission (ACAAC) also expressed their discontent. One individual even suggested he'd go ahead and sign the document because, as he said, it was so poorly written, the county could never actually enforce it.

As a result, a panel comprised of the airport manager and county administrator, the ACAAC chairman and others reviewed the lease and found that it deviated significantly from those at neighboring airports in the region. At once, work began to amend it, and it was the final of three drafts that received BoCC approval, Tuesday.

While some airport users say the 2005 lease cost them sales of certain existing hangars, they consider the latest agreement acceptable. Tom Broadbent, a hangar owner currently involved in developing several new hangars, said he could live with the new lease.

ACAAC chairman and hangar tenant Elmer Shettler agreed, saying, "I had objections to the 2005 lease, but those issues have been resolved in the new ground lease."

When comparing the new lease to the old one, Airport Manager George Barter said he believed the latest agreement was fair.

"In short, it's a good lease," he said, "and it's not going to cost the county anything. I think the lease is good for the county and good for airport users."

According to terms in the latest ground lease agreement, a hangar owner retains ownership of the physical hangar structure, but does not own the land it sits on.

Consequently, he or she is subject to a ground lease and must pay the county rent, which cannot exceed 38 cents per square foot the first year. The actual building footprint determines square footage, and rent can never decrease, but may increase, depending on the total net percentage increase (if any) in the previous year's Consumer Price Index for Denver, Colorado.

According to other revised provisions:

- The new lease has a purpose and use section, and describes, in greater detail, conditions for lease renewal.

- Improvements may not include living quarters, and no outside storage is allowed.

- All utilities and tap fees are the responsibility of the tenant(s).

- Liability insurance coverage shall include $1 million per incident/$2 million in aggregate.

- Tenants are subject to late fees 60 days after failure to pay rent on the required date. The amount shall be $50 per month.

- Hangar owners may sublet their hangars to other third party aircraft-related users, subject to full BoCC approval, and every form of use must comply with all state and federal regulations.

- Should hangar owners choose to sell their hangars, the county shall have first right of refusal to purchase said improvements.

Out of necessity, the new 18-page document contains several blank spaces designed for completion as new ground lease agreements are executed. At the Tuesday BoCC regular meeting, Barter suggested the document will serve as a good "lease template that can be used for virtually every ground lease situation."

County Administrator Bob Campbell, meanwhile, said, "The airport community has finally hammered out a lease that is acceptable to everybody."


Back-to-School Night at the elementary school

Pagosa Springs Elementary School is hosting an evening of food and fun Thursday, Sept. 14, to celebrate the students' return to school.

This event provides students the chance to share their school with their families by showing them their classrooms and introducing them to the teachers and administrators who play such an important role in their lives.

"Giving parents the opportunity to get to know people who have a shared interest in their child's education is a wonderful way to start the school year," said Lisa Scott.

"An Elementary Adventure" begins at 5 p.m. and lasts to 7. A complimentary dinner of hamburgers, hot dogs, and all of the usual trimmings will be served in the elementary school courtyard between 5 and 6:30.

The annual scavenger hunt provides parents "An Elementary Adventure" as they follow clues with their children and discover all of the wonderful places in the elementary school - wonderful worlds of art, music, books, sports and learning.

Amid the fun and games, parents will be able to browse the Information Fair to learn about academic programs, special programs, volunteer opportunities and extracurricular activities. It will be a great time for parents to find out about all of the new and exciting changes at the elementary school.

Another purpose of the event is to encourage parents to get more involved in the elementary school by volunteering in their child's classroom or by working with Partners in Education or the school accountability committee, at the Book Fair or Book Swap, track and field day, or at other activities.

Note that, because of the limited parking available at the elementary school, parking there will be reserved for staff and volunteers. Attendees are asked to park at the high school and ride the buses that will shuttle families to and from the event.

Back-to-School Night is a family event; all students and children must be accompanied by an adult at all times during the celebration.

Any organization in town that offers programs for children is welcome to have flyers or other written information available at the Information Fair. Bring adequate copies to the school office no later than Sept. 13.

For more information contact Lisa Scott, 264-2730.


Effects of proposed Amendment 39 on local school district

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Archuleta County School District 50 Joint may face substantial changes to future budgets if Amendment 39 to the Colorado Constitution is passed this November.

The proposed amendment, placed on the ballot by the petition process, would require school districts across the state to spend at least 65 percent of their operating budgets on instruction costs, such as teachers, classroom computers, books and extracurriculars - with the hope of improving student achievement.

Expenditures on support staff and services - including principals, counselors, nurses, transportation, food services, and teacher training - would not count toward the 65 percent requirement.

Nancy Schutz, the school district's business manager, said "Thirty-nine is very restrictive in what it considers instructional."

According to Schutz, the school district would fall short of the Amendment 39 standard. In last year's budget, the district spent 58 percent of its budget on instructional costs, as defined by proposed Amendment 39.

If the amendment is passed, the school district would have to reallocate money from support staff, support services, or administration to instruction to make up for the difference.

According to the amendment, the district would need to increase instructional expenditures by 2 percent every year until they totaled 65 percent.

Based on budgets from the 2004-2005 school year, 166 school districts across the state would have come up short of 65 percent, showing that Amendment 39 would require significant changes statewide.

The amendment seems problematic to Schutz, since it holds all school districts to the same number, despite their geographic, economic and social differences. "It's just another way they are taking away local control," Schutz said.

According to Schutz, some geographically smaller districts could spend less of their budget on transportation than Archuleta County, making it easier for them to meet the 65 percent criteria.

Bill Esterbrook, assistant superintendent for curriculum and development, echoed Schutz's concerns, calling the proposed amendment a "one-size-fits-all approach."

Esterbrook also said he understood the proponents' desire to reduce student-teacher ratios, but said the amendment would take flexibility away from a school district.

As Esterbrook put it, one school may need more teachers to improve student achievement, while another would need to hire an assistant principal, so the principal could focus on improving instruction in order to help the students.

There is an alternative to Amendment 39 on the ballot.

Referendum J, passed by state legislators and now up for voter approval, would also require 65 percent of a district's operating budget to be spent on "services that directly affect student achievement."

But, in contrast to Amendment 39, Referendum J would allow the costs of support staff and services to count toward the required percentage.

Under Referendum J, the local district would make the grade and would not need to reallocate funds.

Only three districts would have fallen short of Referendum J, based on 2004-2005 budgets.

Referendum J would also give voters in a district the ability to exempt a school district from the requirements.

The ballot analysis prepared by the Colorado Legislative Council says "Voters may choose to vote for one, both, or neither of the proposals."

However, if both ballot measures are approved, Amendment 39 will override Referendum J.

Amendments to the state constitution carry more weight than referenda. A referendum changes statutory law, which can be changed again by a vote of the legislature. Amendments must be repealed by the voters.

Proponents say Amendment 39 would establish a constitutional standard for educational spending across the state. Every district could be sure that at least 65 percent of funds were earmarked for instruction, and classroom spending would increase in many schools without higher taxes.

Opponents say the amendment would not necessarily improve student achievement, since many students would benefit from the support services that 39 does not count toward the 65 percent.


College information night at PSHS

By Mark Thompson

Special to The SUN

Representatives from more than 40 colleges, universities and technical schools will be at the Pagosa Springs High School commons Monday, Sept. 11, from 6-7:30 p.m.

The counseling staff at the school extends an invitation to all high school students, parents, home-schoolers, and students in the area private schools.

Come to the school and visit with representatives to find out what programs colleges are offering, as well as about scholarships, entrance requirements, costs and other important information.

The schools presenting information are primarily from Colorado, but schools from Wyoming, New Mexico, Nebraska and Montana will be represented.


LPEA to hold annual meeting

The La Plata Electric Association will hold its annual meeting Saturday, Sept. 9, at Escalante Middle School in Durango. Registration begins at 9 a.m., followed by the 10:30 a.m. meeting.

Business will include the election of a representative from district two and the presentation of financial reports and business goals.

There will not be a vote for a representative from the Pagosa Springs area. Incumbent Bob Formwalt will retain the position, uncontested.

A complimentary lunch will follow the meeting and childcare will be provided. Attendees will also be eligible for door prizes and will receive a gift bag.


Area Agency on Aging seeks board candidate

The board of directors for the San Juan Basin Area Agency on Aging will have a vacancy for an Archuleta County representative, and candidates are needed.

The AAA administers the Older Americans Act Program for senior citizen services in southwestern Colorado. The involvement of local seniors is necessary for input and monitoring of programs available in the community. The term for the newly-elected member will be three years. Six meetings are held each year, the first in January.

Candidates for board of director positions must be at least 55 years of age and a resident of Archuleta County. The AAA Region 9 includes Archuleta, Dolores, La Plata, Montezuma, and San Juan Counties. All seniors 55 years of age and over have the right to vote for their local representative to the AAA board. Elections will be held at The Den Senior Center in Pagosa Springs in October.

Contact Musetta Wollenweber, senior services director, 264-2167, to obtain a Declaration of Candidacy form. The deadline for declaring candidacy is Sept. 15.



Chimney Rock books pique local interest

By Karen Aspin

Special to The SUN

The recent release of the long-awaited picture book on one of our greatest local assets is titled "Visions of Chimney Rock: A Photographic Interpretation of the Place and Its People."

This exquisite representation of the Chimney Rock Archaeological Area is the first of its kind to feature Chimney Rock and its place in the Chacoan Culture. Those interested in adding this extraordinary book to their collections may appreciate the opportunity of added value by making their purchase at a special book-signing event Friday, Sept. 15, from 3 to 5 p.m., at Moonlight Books, in downtown Pagosa Springs. Light refreshments will be served.

In his introduction, Dr. W. James Judge notes, "This book presents an eclectic collection of subjects from archaeology to geology to history to the natural world of the Chimney Rock region. Of particular interest is the emphasis on the integration of the natural and cultural worlds expressed in the photos and the text. As a natural area, Chimney Rock is unmatched in diversity and the beautiful images contained herein speak well to the inspiration it provides."

This new book was published by the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association to help further support the interpretive program and its mission. Written for a general adult reader, it is 130 pages long, in a 6x9 format and contains 25 illustrations and 150, mostly full-color, photos.

Jo Bridges, former district ranger with the USFS Pagosa Ranger District, stated, "This book has been created and published through the talents and commitment of volunteers who present the theories of various researchers, illustrated with incredible photographs, capturing the awe-inspiring setting of this public jewel we know as Chimney Rock."

Helen L. Richardson, project editor and freelance writer, said the project has been 20 years in the making. It is the fifth book edited by Richardson, and one in which she takes particular pride. Richardson explained, "Many creative, knowledgeable people have contributed valuable resources to make this book a reality."

Among the contributors are the names of many highly regarded local talents, including artist Denny Rose, whose original watercolor graces the cover. Writers include Jennie Ferrell, Joanne Hanson, Sharon Hatch, Bill Hawthorne, Peggy Jacobson, W. James Judge, J. McKim Malville, Elizabeth Ann Morris, Dick Moseley, Alan F. Peterson, Glenn Raby, Ron Sutcliffe, Dick and Ann Van Fossen, and Charley Worthman. Photos were contributed by Scott Allen, Bruce Anderson, Christie Calderwood, David Herrell, Jeff Laydon, Dick Moseley, John and Helen Richardson, the Anasazi Heritage Center, the Laboratory of Tree Ring Research at the University of Arizona, and the U.S. Forest Service Pagosa District.

Several other books related to Chimney Rock are also worthy of attention: "Prehistoric Astronomy in the Southwest," by Professor Jim Malville; a general history of Chimney Rock, titled "In the Shadow of the Rocks," by Florence C. Lister; and "Wings for my Flight — the Peregrine Falcons of Chimney Rock," by Mary Cottrell Houle.

At the Chimney Rock Visitor Cabin, book lovers can combine a site visit through guided tours and an early holiday shopping spree for more books related to Chimney Rock and native cultures. One such book is the intriguing "Chimney Rock Archaeological Symposium," a popular publication that just received a facelift and now sports a spiral binding and new color cover sheet. This is a volume of papers from a gathering of archaeologists in October 1990 in Durango, that was themed on the topic of Chimney Rock. The symposium was sponsored by the Colorado Archaeological Society, the USDA Forest Service, and Fort Lewis College where presentations and discussions took place on the archaeology of Chimney Rock Archaeological Area; the Chimney Rock pueblo as a regional shrine for lunar ceremonialism; a calendrical observatory; a timber camp; a Chacoan mission-entrada, port-of-trade, fortress and tribute collection facility; and much more. Every bookshelf on local interest and Puebloan culture would benefit by including this book among its valued treasures.

Another treat is local archaeo-astronomer and Chimney Rock volunteer Ron Sutcliffe's recently released book "Moon Tracks, a Guide to the Moon's Patterns on the Horizon." This book - a great tool for understanding the moon's travel pattern and the major northern lunar standstill phenomenon - explains the observational and astronomical basis for the moon's behavior. It is Sutcliffe's mathematical calculations that have made it possible for CRIA to offer a public viewing program to witness the unique rising of the moon between the twin pinnacles, something that only occurs on an 18.6 year cycle. Those interested in this topic may also want to add Sutcliffe's archaeoastronomy posters to their shopping lists.

The visitor cabin, which is open daily from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. through Saturday, Sept. 30, at Chimney Rock Archaeological Area, is located three miles south on Colo. 151, is 17 miles west of Pagosa Springs via U.S. 160.

The book-signing event is sponsored by CRIA, in partnership with the U.S.D.A. Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa Ranger District and Moonlight Books. The Chimney Rock Web site, found at, provides details on the site, tours, and programs.


Fall equinox sunrise program at Chimney Rock

By Caroline Brown

Special to The SUN

Autumnal Equinox marks the first day of autumn and is a day with equal amounts of daylight and nighttime.

The opportunity to watch the sun rise over the San Juans the first day of autumn, Thursday, Sept. 21, is offered by the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, along with a discussion on how the Ancient Puebloans may have survived and why they celebrated the Equinox. This unique, two- to three-hour event begins at the Sun Tower, a place not visited on regular tours, and concludes at the mysterious Stone Basin, giving two viewing locations.

Tickets are $15 and reservations are required. Due to the hiking and the length of the program, it's suggested that children under 12 not attend.

Visitors need to come prepared for the outdoors by wearing appropriate clothing and good walking shoes. You may wish to bring a blanket or cushion to sit on during the program

The gate will only be open from 6:05-6:10 a.m., after which there will be no admittance. Sunrise is at approximately 6:55 a.m., and the program runs about two hours in length.

For those who have not yet enjoyed a full, guided tour with a Chimney Rock volunteer, the first tour following the sunrise program will be offered at 9:30 a.m., allowing just enough time for a well-deserved breakfast at a nearby restaurant, or an early morning jaunt down towards Navaho Lake.

The last day for guided tours this season will be conducted Saturday, Sept. 30. The site is accessible for guided walking tours (2-2.5 hours) at 9:30 and 10:30 a.m., 1 and 2 p.m. Adult tickets are $8; children 5-11/$2; under 5/free. Reservations required for groups of 10 or more. Great Kiva Loop Trail is barrier free.

Chimney Rock Archeological Area is located 17 miles west of Pagosa Springs, three miles south of U.S. 160 on Colo. 151. For more information or to make a reservation, call the Visitors' Cabin at 883-5359 from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Web site visitors will find more information on

This event is sponsored by Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, Inc., in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa District.


Chimney Rock Full Moon Program includes Native American flute player

By Karen Aspin

Special to The SUN

The magical sound of the Native American flute, accompanied by the full moon in the ancient surroundings of Chimney Rock is a winning combination.

Visitors to Chimney Rock Archaeological Area, in southwest Colorado, can enjoy this experience as the popular Native American flute player, Charles Martinez, accompanies this educational program scheduled for Friday, Sept. 8.

Martinez, a native Pagosan of Jicarilla Apache and Navajo heritage, is a master of the traditional style of Indian flute playing and a local crowd pleaser of many years.

While awaiting the moon's approximate 8:05 p.m. arrival near the Great House Pueblo site, visitors will learn about the Ancestral Puebloans, the archaeological relationship of Chimney Rock to Chaco Canyon, and archaeoastronomy theories

Tickets are $15, and reservations are required, as these popular programs are generally sold out in advance. Visitors should schedule two to three hours for the evening's event. Due to the program length and the hike involved to the mesa top, the program is not recommended for children under 12.

The gate will be open from 6:30 to 7:00 p.m. for those attending the full moon program. Late arrivals cannot be accommodated. The program begins at 7:30.

As an added feature to the Full Moon Program, the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association offers an optional guided early tour of the lower archaeological sites at Chimney Rock for an additional fee of $5. The gate opens at 5:30 p.m. for those who have signed up for the early tour prior to the Full Moon Program.

Visitors need to come prepared for the outdoors by bringing a flashlight a necessity in navigating down the trail after the program, warm clothing, good walking shoes, and a blanket or cushion to sit on during the program. A "light brigade" of CRIA volunteers is stationed along the trail to assist visitors as they return to their vehicles. The view back to the mesa top from below features an unforgettable view as the stream of lights snakes down the trail. In the event of bad weather, the program will be canceled and possibly rescheduled for the following evening.

Chimney Rock Archeological Area is located 17 miles west of Pagosa Springs, three miles south of U.S. 160 on Colo. 151. For reservations and more information, call the visitor cabin, at 883-5359, daily 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. To learn more about Chimney Rock, visit the CRIA Web site at

Note: For those interested in the Major Lunar Standstill, the moon will not rise between Chimney Rock and Companion Rock during this Full Moon Program event. All 2006 MLS programs are sold out, with 2007 final season ticket sales resuming in May.

The Thursday, Sept. 21, Fall Equinox Sunrise Program and the Friday, Sept. 8, Full Moon Program are the last two CRIA offerings before the 2006 season closes on Saturday, Sept. 30.

Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, Inc., sponsors the Full Moon Program in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa Ranger District.


 Catch and Release

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

No column this week

High Country Reflections

Surprised again, by the early signs of autumn

By Chuck McGuire

SUN Columnist

As oftentimes in recent weeks, towering cumulus were again building by late morning, and those over the highest peaks stretched thousands of feet into the atmosphere. Their fluffy white tops rose rapidly and resembled growing stacks of giant cotton balls, while their cobalt gray undersides signaled an imminent and ominous turn in the day's weather.

My son, Tim, and I drove up a gravel road from town, where a sultry sunny morning would ultimately give way to an afternoon of cooler temperatures, occasional thunder and brief periods of heavy rain. We realized our plans of high-country fishing might be in doubt, we could see the obvious transformation unfolding before us. But, we also knew that mountain showers tend to come and go and as quickly as conditions deteriorate, they can improve again.

The immediate meteorological changes ahead appeared swift and dramatic to be sure. But they really served to distract us, at least temporarily, from a greater, more subtle transition slowly pervading the entire forest landscape'— one that we likely wouldn't have noticed had our climatic concerns not actually materialized.

Oblivious to it, nonetheless, we continued to road's end, parked and slipped into waders, then readied rods and vests, before striking out on a mile-long trek to the river.

Meanwhile, the sky above grew dark and thunder rumbled overhead, as a stiff breeze swept down over the old-growth forest enveloping the parking area and pathway beyond. At once, large icy droplets began falling from the heavens and as their intensity increased, we took to the Jeep to wait out the storm.

Within minutes, the rain came in torrents, twice accompanied by pea-sized hail. As the soggy ground fast turned white, the temperature dropped sharply, with condensation soon fogging the windows. Lightening flashed repeatedly, followed by loud claps of thunder that echoed over higher ridges and down the saturated river valley.

The downpour continued for nearly 30 minutes before tapering off to a light, but consistent, drizzle. With hats and hooded rain jackets on, as well as waterproof waders, we felt adequately protected from whatever the weather, and took that moment to hastily head on up the sodden trail.

In a few minutes though, another squall let loose, and we scrambled for cover in a thicket of young spruce and fir. There we stood, watching and waiting, as the rain fell harder and the cold settled in. Before long, as the tempest utterly besieged us, we succumbed to the elements and scurried back to the Jeep to assess our options.

At first, we thought to drive to a lower elevation in hope of finding more suitable conditions. But, neither of us really wanted to leave the high-country and, considering the deluge, we couldn't be certain any lower rivers ran clear. In time, we chose to forego fishing altogether, in favor of simple sightseeing along high forest roads.

We left the trailhead and dropped slightly in elevation, then turned onto a loop that would eventually take us toward home. As the rain abated, at least for a spell, we stopped to stow rods and change back from waders to street clothes.

In a matter of minutes, we rounded a sharp bend where a deep ravine paralleled the road on our left. The surrounding forest was a blend of aspen, gambel oak and mixed conifer, and as I glanced toward the opposing hillside, a slight movement caught my eye. There, in a small clearing among the trees, a young bull elk foraged alone.

I pulled to the side of the road, grabbed my binoculars from beneath the seat and handed them to Tim. As I pointed to the animal, he glassed it briefly, then handed the glasses to me. I too, observed the elk for a moment, then examined the hillside in search of others.

I failed to find another elk, but as I scanned the woods, an acre-sized aspen grove suddenly entered my field of view. At once, I froze on the colorful timber, where a majority of leaves were either gold or light orange.

"Wow, Tim," I exclaimed. "Look at the color in that patch of aspens over there."

At first, neither of us realized what we were seeing, nor could we grasp its direct implication. It could not possibly be an early warning of seasonal shift, we thought, for it was just the third week of August, with autumn still officially a full month away.

Perhaps, we reasoned, some sort of blight had impaired the flow of sap and pushed the trees into premature flame. But, to further confound us, only the upper leaves among them had transformed, while the lowest, and virtually all other aspens in view, held on to the rich jade-green shade of summer.

For the next few hours though, as we traveled the winding gravel road penetrating the montane and subalpine forests to 10,000 feet, tiny patches of vibrant color consistently captured our interest, as intermittent showers continued.

There were bits of glimmering gold in a few of the aspens and atop a lone cottonwood alongside a small brush-choked creek. A single Rocky Mountain maple, once green with abundant chlorophyll, showed tints of peach and rose against a darkened backdrop of heavy pines. As the sun peaked through clouds, its golden rays illuminated a near scarlet sumac standing proudly on a slight knoll, while on an exposed west-facing slope, the first reds and russets were scarcely visible in the upper branches of the oaks.

Meanwhile, a sparse scattering of crimson, glowing yellow, auburn, and violet appeared among thin stands of bog birch, serviceberry, chokecherry, and dogwoods.

Each told of shorter days and longer cooler nights, when the flow of chlorophyll started to dwindle. As the green pigment faded and the process of photosynthesis slowed, the ever-present yellow, orange and brown pigments, known as carotenoids, began to show.

In some, as photosynthesis converted bright sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to sugar (plant food), the crisp frost-free nights trapped it in the leaves, thus forming new red and purple pigments called anthocyanins. The brighter the light, the greater their production and, of course, the more brilliant the color.

As Tim and I passed open meadows where thick wild grasses rolled with the breezes, we could still see the vivid reds, lavenders and white of late-blooming scarlet gilia, showy fleabane, and cow parsnip mixed in with the fading green of the sedges and forbs.

Alongside the road itself, clumps of yellow prairie sunflowers stood tall, ostensibly unaware that their time was quickly coming to an end. Also there, and on steep rocky hillsides, small patches of ripened wild raspberries and their larger cousins, the thimbleberries, broadcast their rich red presence for all to see.

As we slowly traversed the high hills and forests, looking closely and taking in all we could, the work of waning sunlight, cooler temperatures and the damp summer months lay everywhere. Though subtle and seemingly ahead of its time, the sure progression into autumn surprised us at first, until we remembered how cool wet summers can often bring early change especially high in the Rocky Mountains.



Vote accordingly

Dear Editor:

The evolution of the United States and every other nation on this planet has been marred with war. War is a fact of life, and in some countries it has been a continuing process.

In its 200-plus years of history, the United States of America has been involved in about a dozen wars, some within ourselves and others against foreign countries. Through it all, we have been victorious and hold the honor as the most powerful nation on this planet, a title that carries enormous responsibilities.

However, we are now at a crossroads that will determine not only the fate of our great country, but the fate of the world. We are currently in a battle that is close to becoming World War III. The Muslims are bent on world domination and have forces strategically located around the globe. It is about time that our politicians wake up to this fact and start working together as one nation and give our military the support they need to win this war on terrorism.

How many of us would like to wake up each morning with the responsibility President Bush and his cabinet are confronted with. Their decisions regarding the terrorist war against Christianity and the free world will determine the fate of our future. In the past our politicians have joined forces in a bi-partisan effort to defeat any threat to the security of our country.

However, it is apparent to me and most everyone I know, that the Democrats and the media have put politics ahead of the security of this great nation. Their efforts to defeat or obstruct the policies of the current administration that would identify, apprehend and prosecute the terrorists intent on destroying this country have become blatantly obvious that they will do anything to gain control in the next election, even at the cost of losing our struggle against Islam.

If the Democrats have a better plan, why don't they make it public and use the political system to implement it? Anyone can be a Monday morning quarterback. Election time is just around the corner so the bickering will go on in an attempt to maintain or gain political control, even at cost of our Armed Forces lives.

I hope the voters are more sophisticated than our politicians believe. The security of our country and the rest of the free world is at stake. It's time to identify those politicians like Teddy Kennedy, Hillary Clinton, John Kerry, John Murtha and their likes, who put their own ideology over the security of our country - vote accordingly.

Franklin W. Anderson



See the results

Dear Editor:

Those of you who cannot see the remarkable parallels of Hitler in 1936 and Iran in 2006, or the similarities to the 1860s Indian problems in the Southwest with pulling out of Iraq, or even the Barbary Pirates of the 1790s, you're ignoring the real history of the USA. Certainly not exactly the same, but close enough. Appeasement, withdrawal or military action. Study our history and see the results for yourself.

C. E. Cazedessus II


Local gas prices

Dear Editor:

I've watched with interest, and disgust, the unchanging prices of gasoline here in Pagosa.

I am a "part-timer" who happens to own a convenience store in Kansas. At our Kansas location, we are $2.599 at the pump today - Labor Day. We are making slightly over $.21/gal., which is about 6 cents above normal. Our cost and retail prices have fallen about 35 cents per gallon over the last four to five weeks. Pagosa prices are unchanged during the same period.

Kansas consumers pay 24 cents per gallon state gasoline tax ... Colorado consumers pay 22 cents per gallon state gasoline tax. I understand that Pagosa gasoline retailers probably incur a higher freight cost of possibly three to four cents per gallon. Factoring that all together, however, my calculator shows that the Pagosa gas retailers are making in the range of 72 cents per gallon!

There is the ongoing controversy regarding the Big Box stores in Pagosa Springs. Those so vocally opposed are probably not those who are working at the grocery stores, convenience stores, common laborers, store clerks, and waitresses at a relative low wage level. And then when we see the gas stations charging an absolutely ridiculous price, it is simply a travesty against the hard working citizens of the community.

There are many sources of current gasoline prices and price trends around the state and country.

Mike VanCampen

Kate's Calendar


Outdoor club

The San Juan Outdoor Club will meet at the Sportsman Lodge at 6 p.m for a potluck and social evening. Signups for activities this month include hiking, biking, backpacking, 4 WD, and horseback riding. For information, call Fred Reese at 731-0612. Visitors welcome.

Sept. 8

Friends of the Library

Annual meeting of the Friends of the Library at the Extension Building, 6 p.m. Potluck with early book sale open to Friends members. Both new and renewal memberships will be available at this meeting and will be honored for the sale.

Sept. 9

Used book sale

Annual Library Used Book Sale for the public at the Extension Building from 8 a.m. to noon.

Sept. 9

Pagosa Piecemakers

The Piecemakers have a Mystery Tour scheduled for the September meeting. It will be a fun day to parts unknown. Plan to leave the Methodist Church on Lewis Street at 9 a.m. and return around 5 p.m. The catered Lunch is $15 per person payable in advance. Contact Fran Jenkins at 264-9312.

Sept. 9

Gray Wolves

The Gray Wolves annual meeting and potluck will be held at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse at 11:30 AM. For more information, call 946-9441.

Sept. 9

Shamrock Festival

St. Patrick's Episcopal Church will hold its annual Shamrock Festival. All-day fun for the entire family, beginning at 8 a.m.

Sept. 10

Healing arts

Pagosa Healing Arts Gathering, for meeting and potluck dinner from 5 to 7:30 p.m. Mission statement, directory, and greater purpose will be discussed. Healing arts practitioners are invited to bring business cards, brochures and flyers describing their healing modalities. The public is also invited who have an interest in healing arts. For directions, call Athena at 731-9129, or Sophia of Pathways to Soul Mastery at 903-2108.

Sept. 10


Grace Evangelical Church and Pagosa Bible Church host 12 missionaries representing every continent, 6:30 p.m. at Pagosa Bible Church, North Pagosa Boulevard and Park Avenue. Call 731-6200.

Sept. 12

Women's club

Pagosa Women's Club luncheon, noon, at Boss Hogg's. Speaker is Ryan Bidwell from Colorado Wild. The topic is the proposed Village at Wolf Creek development. Menu is half a chicken Avocado wrap, potato salad and dessert.

Sept. 12

Republican Women

The September luncheon meeting of the Archuleta County Republican Women will be held at Boss Hogg's Restaurant at 11:30 a.m. The speaker will be Keren Prior, Archuleta County Assessor, who is a candidate for re-election in November. If you would enjoy meeting like-minded women in the community, come and get acquainted. New members are welcome, but there is not an obligation to join. For additional information, call Barbara at 731-9916.

Sept. 13

Story Hour

Preschool Story Hour at the Sisson Library, 10-10:45 a.m.

Sept. 14

Homemakers meet

The Mountain View Homemakers will hold the September meeting at the home of Maureen Marshall, 418 Carino Place. The co-hostess will be Mercedes Leist. The program for September will be given by Margaret Rourke who will talk about her method for cooking and carving a turkey. Those attending should also bring their favorite holiday dish with a copy of the recipe to share. Directions: Take Meadows Drive south off U.S. 160, turn right on Carino Place to 418. Everyone is welcome to attend and share in this holiday feast at noon.

Sept. 16


LungBuster 2006 is a multi-sport event that includes hiking, mountain biking and flat-water paddling. The goal is to navigate existing trails within the Rio Grande National Forest, starting from Wolf Creek Ski Area. Please see or call (505) 489-1416.

Sept. 17

Pagosa singles

The Pagosa Singles (PALS) will meet at Navajo State Park for a barbecue and fellowship at 4:30 p.m. Bring a dish to share and your own drinks. All singles age 40-plus welcome. Call 883-2402 for directions and to R.S.V.P.

Sept. 20

Garden club

The Mountain High Garden Club will meet at Pagosa Nursery at 166 Bastille, at 10 a.m.

David Durkee will host a tour of the nursery and give a short talk on fall planting here in Pagosa. The club meets the third Wednesday of every month; dues for the entire year are $5. Everyone is welcome, regardless of gardening experience. For more information, contact Frances Wholf at 731-2012

Sept. 20 and 27

Story Hour

Preschool Story Hour at the Sisson Library, 10-10:45 a.m.

Sept. 30

Sorority luncheon

Women who were members of a Panhellenic sorority during their college days are invited to attend the first-ever luncheon of sorority alumnae to take place at JJ's Riverwalk Restaurant at 11:30 a.m. Prepaid reservations are required. Cost is $20 per person. Send your check by Wednesday, Sept. 27, to Marilyn Chipps, PO Box 3591, Pagosa Springs CO 81147 and indicate which sorority you belong to and what college you were initiated. For information, call Lisa Scott, 264-2730.

Oct. 1


Symphonia for a Sunday Afternoon. The Quodlibet Handbell Choir and Friends will present a concert at 4 p.m. at Community United Methodist Church, 434 Lewis St. Special guests include Beverly Arrendell, piano; Bob Nordmann, saxophone; Harvey Schwartz, piano; and Natalie Tyson, harp. A free will offering will taken to support the mission work of Craig and Lisa Branch.

Oct. 6

Full Moon Program

Watch the full moon rise at the Great House Pueblo site at Chimney Rock, learn about the Ancestral Puebloans, archaeoastronomy theories, area geology, and enjoy Native American flute melodies by Charles Martinez. Gate open from 5-5:30 p.m. Program begins at 6. Moonrise at approximately 6:30. This moonrise will not occur between the twin spires. Allow two to three hours for entire program, which is not recommended for children under 12. Reservations required. Tickets are $15. Add $5 for an early tour of the lower area (Great Kiva Trail Loop), which starts at 4. This event is sponsored by Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa Ranger District. For tickets, call the visitor cabin at 883-5359, from 9-4:30 daily through Sept. 30, and the CRIA Office at 264-2287, weekdays, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. thereafter.

Oct. 12


The Mountain View Homemakers will meet at the home of Pat Sallani at 380 Arbor Drive. The co-hostess will be Shirley Van Dyken Stone. The program for October will be a cookie exchange. Those attending should bring their favorite batch of holiday cookies with a copy of the recipe to share. Directions: Piedra Road (CR 600) north from U.S. 160 to the Lake Hatcher area. Turn left on North Pagosa Boulevard, then take a quick right on Falcon and another quick right on Arbor Drive to 380. Everyone is welcome to attend and share in the holiday cookie preparations at noon.


   Community News

Soak at The Springs to benefit United Way

By Stacia Kemp

Special to The PREVIEW

The Springs Resort is supporting this year's United Way campaign in Archuleta County by donating 10 percent of bathhouse ticket sales on Saturday, Sept. 16.

"The Springs Resort is glad to help support the local United Way and the 15 worthy organizations that will benefit from this year's campaign," said Danyelle Leentjes, director of sales and marketing for The Springs Resort.

The hours on Sept. 16 are 7 a.m. to 1 a.m. Adult admission is $15 and children 2-10 are $7.50. Locals living within 60 miles are $10. Children under 14 must be with an adult

The Springs Resort, 165 Hot Springs Blvd., offers 18 outdoor pools filled with naturally hot therapeutic mineral water and one non-mineral swimming pool and Jacuzzi.


Get ready to Party 'Round Pagosa

By Stacia Kemp

Special to The PREVIEW

Party 'Round Pagosa is a season of unique and memorable parties to be held in private homes and other interesting places around Pagosa.

Creative teams of hosts and hostesses are being recruited to plan and put on a party of their choice to benefit United Way. Guests pay a designated fee to attend with proceeds to benefit the United Way Archuleta County community campaign.

Invitations will be mailed in October and parties will take place from November to April.

For more information, or to be sure you receive an invitation to Party 'Round Pagosa, contact Stacia Kemp at 264-3230 or


Shamrock Festival Saturday at St. Patrick's

By Christelle Troell

Special to The Preview

Looking for a day of fun, food and activities for the entire family?

If so, the Shamrock Festival on Saturday, Sept. 9, is just the ticket.

Shamrock co-chairs Linda Warren and Nancy Crouse, along with the folks at St. Patrick's Episcopal Church have planned a day packed with plenty to do.

It's no secret that Episcopalians are fond of eating and it's a safe bet that other folks are, too. There will be a variety of foods available all during the day.

Early birds can find breakfast between 8 and 10:30 a.m. Ken Jones and his compadre, Bill Newell, will be dishing up pancakes, sausage, breakfast tacos, muffins and scones. Bill Crouse will be running the Lunch Grill beginning at 11:30 a.m. with hamburgers, hotdogs and all the fixins.

Serving of a complete barbecue beef dinner, catered by JoAnn Irons, begins at 6 p.m. The dinner menu includes potato salad, roasted corn-on-the-cob, tossed salad, with brownies and ice cream for dessert. Special entertainment will be provided by a country band.

Tickets for the dinner are $8 for adults, $5 for children (ages 5-12), and those under four years eat free. Dinner tickets are on sale at St. Patrick's church office, 225 S. Pagosa Blvd. or from church members, and will be available at the door until sold out.

Jo Kay and Sharon Vierbicher will be offering eight varieties of the popular frozen casseroles including several varieties of chicken, turkey, pasta and the popular South of the Border.

Events for the entire family are scheduled between 8 a.m. and 3 p.m.

You might want to start with the giant yard sale sponsored by the Men's Fellowship. It will be crammed with slightly used tools, furniture, household items, electronics, sports equipment, children's toys and lots of treasures.

Come prepared to take home enough books to see you through the long winter nights. Mary Sickbert's Book Nook is bursting at the seams with gently read books. You will find your favorite author, bestsellers and many categories including fiction, non-fiction, reference books, cookbooks, children's books, etc. Easily the bargain of the day, hardbacks are $1 and paperbacks 50 cents.

The Country Cupboard, organized by Teri Sullivan, will offer a variety of home décor items, arts and crafts and, of course, a bake sale with pies, cookies, breads, jams, jellies and more. Tickets for a chance on a handcrafted, colorful queen-sized quilt featuring a jewel box pattern will be available during the day. Tickets are $1 each, six for $5 or 12 for $10.

Need a break from cooking? St. Patrick's good cooks are offering eight varieties of the popular frozen casseroles including several varieties of chicken, turkey, pasta and the popular South of the Border. All you have to do is pop the casseroles into the oven. They are great for busy days or unexpected company.

Children will find plenty to do in Leprechaun Land, between noon and 3 p.m. There will be different activities every half hour to keep youngsters busy. These include games, a water contest, corn shucking contest, crafts, a bounce house and train rides.

Lynne McCrudden and Judy Cole have assembled some awesome items for the silent auction. These include a watercolor titled "Autumn at Engineer Mountain," a week's stay in a private home in Keystone; decorative handmade wooden bowls, Honduran cigars, golf clubs, wicker furniture and gift certificates from Curves and Isabel's. Services offered include fly-fishing lessons, a Thai dinner delivered to your home, and two hours of professional piano entertainment

The best is yet to come, between 5-7:30 p.m. You are invited to BYOB at 5 p.m. with cheese and crackers, relax and catch the final bidding in the silent auction which closes at 5:45 p.m. Auction items will be awarded to the top bidders. This will be followed by the drawing for the handmade quilt. You do not have to be present to win. The barbecue dinner will be served between 6-7:30 p.m. to conclude the festivities.

For tickets or information, contact the church office, 731-5801. The church is located at 225 S. Pagosa Blvd. Proceeds from the festival will go toward St. Patrick's many community outreach programs. The church maintains a food pantry and sponsors clothing giveaways and share space with several local organizations. St. Patrick's also supports many local programs including Pagosa Outreach and Seeds of Learning.


Boosters 'Hallow-Swing' dance and holiday show auditions

By Dale Morris

Special to The PREVIEW

Pagosa Springs Music Boosters is preparing for a busy fall and winter schedule, after a brief hiatus from their summer production of "Joseph" and a reprise performance of the melodrama "Lily the Felon's Daughter."

Members of the organization are excited to offer a '40s style evening of dancing and crooning called "Hallow-Swing" to be held on Friday, Oct. 27, featuring a live swing band composed of some of our own favorite and well-loved local musicians.

Music Boosters is also in the beginning phases of preparation for the annual holiday show, "Nuncrackers," by Dan Goggins, which will be performed the end of November. Auditions for "Nuncrackers" will be held Friday, Sept. 29. More information on all of these events will be in The PREVIEW over the next several weeks. Check out the Web site at


In Step plans Hustle Workshop, Dinner and Dance

By Deb Aspen

Special to The PREVIEW

The In Step Dance Club will host a Hustle Workshop, Dinner and Dance Saturday, Sept. 16, at the PLPOA Clubhouse, 230 Port Ave.

Registration will begin at 2:45 p.m. with the workshop starting promptly at 3. There will be a half-hour refreshment break about 4:15, with the workshop resuming until 6. Cocktails will be served until 6:30 followed by a potluck dinner. Then, participants dance the night away to a vast variety of CD music.

Special guests Robert and Cynthia Long from Albuquerque, N.M., will teach Hustle technique and styling. There is no dance experience required and you don't have to be a member of the dance club to attend. The cost is $10 per person, ages 17 and older. All proceeds go to the visiting clinicians.

Robert, "Bob," is chairman of the Arthur Murray National Dance Board; three times United States Professional American Ballroom finalist; three times Ohio Star Ball finalist; Championship adjudicator in all styles; Imperial Society Licentiate in Theater Arts; and recipient of the 1995 Feather Award for the Most Outstanding Male Teacher in the U. S.

Cynthia, "Cindy," was four times U. S. Professional Standard Champion 1987-1990; United States Professional American Ballroom Finalist; North American Professional Champion in both Standard and American styles of Ballroom dance; British Open Rising Star Standard Finalist; British Open Standard Semifinalist; Championship adjudicator in all styles; World Championship adjudicator; Imperial Society Associate in Ballroom and Licentiate in Theater Arts; and Six time Feather Award recipient: 1991, Best professional International Standard, 1992-1995, Most Outstanding Female Dance Teacher in the U. S.

After teaming up, the Longs have impressively added to their biographies in the world's dance arena. Together, in 1996, they received a special Feather Award representing "The New Wave Spirit of Dance." They are also Arthur Murray and North American Professional Ballroom Champions; traveling dance consultants and examiners; adjudicators for all levels including World Championships; co-authors of many Arthur Murray dance syllabi, including Country Western, West Coast Swing, Argentine Tango, Salsa, Lindy Hop, and full bronze and silver in 12 additional dances.

As well as current co-franchisees of the Arthur Murray Studio in Albuquerque, Bob and Cindy travel extensively for professional and Pro/Am coaching, teaching and choreography, and are highly sought-after adjudicators. This exceptional team is respected and their assistance coveted all over the world of dance. We are extremely fortunate to welcome them once again to Pagosa.

Don't miss this opportunity to learn from the best, the exciting and fun disco dance from the '70s and '80s - the Hustle.

For more information, call Deb Aspen at 731-3338.


'Mind's Material' at Shy Rabbit through Oct. 7

By Leanne Goebel

Special to The PREVIEW

Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts is currently showing "Mind's Material: Sensation, Cognition & Knowledge," featuring the masterworks of artists Doug Pedersen, Kelsey Hauck and Karl Isberg. The exhibit remain on display through Oct. 7.

"Mind's Material" brings the work of Pedersen, Hauck and Isberg together for the first time since 1983. Each artist has shown their art in galleries and museum collections in the United States and Europe.

The human image is key to each artist's work, but is captured in such an intensely unique way by each artist as to obscure any other similarities.

Pedersen's paintings are filled with heads: Heads that look like masks or ancient sculptures. Heads with mouths agape, or lips pursed. Heads with cratered eyes. Red faces on green backgrounds. Gobs of paint and layers of color masterfully applied to canvas creating images of heads filled with expressions of the here and now.

Hauck's collage figures often incorporate fine Japanese papers that look as if they could be brush strokes of paint. Capturing movement, laughter, emotion and spirit in tiny pieces of paper placed together to create an image that might be equally beautiful and disturbing.

Isberg paints abstracted heads and figures, using color and geometry to express desire and emotion. Some of his work is vibrant and colorful; other paintings are muted and subdued.

This work evokes passion and stirs emotion. It is art that expresses the human condition, with all its frailties and strengths. It is art that beckons a closer look, and that speaks in uniquely personal terms to each viewer who chances a deeper understanding.

Shy Rabbit gallery hours are Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday from 1-4 p.m., and 1-6:30 p.m. on the second Thursday of the month. The contemporary artspace and gallery is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1 AND B-4.

For more information, log onto, call (970) 731-2766, or e-mail


Noted scholar Andrew Gulliford to speak in Pagosa

By Biz Greene

Special to The PREVIEW

Few people in this nation are as well versed to talk about the history of the Southwest as Dr. Andrew Gulliford, scheduled to present an illustrated lecture at 3 p.m. Sept. 23 .at the Sisson Library as part of the Lifelong Learning series.

Gulliford, a Fort Lewis College faculty member, is an oral historian, researcher, editor and project director of the Mesa Verde Centennial Book Series Lecture Program. He is the author of "Sacred Objects and Sacred Places: Preserving Tribal Traditions," "Boomtown Blues: Colorado Oil Shale," and "America's Country Schools."

Dr. Gulliford will be speaking on the subject of his newly edited textbook "Preserving Western History."

His presentation will touch on the impact of such significant events as the Little Big Horn battle, the Sand Creek Massacre, the critical role of Sacagawea, the development of mining districts, the cultural impact of Route 66, the importance of Hispanic cultural traditions, and changing environmental conditions.

Watch The PREVIEW for announcements of other coming events in the Lifelong Learning series.


'Stones and Paper' to be shown at Shy Rabbit

By Leanne Goebel

Special to The PREVIEW

Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts, will show the documentary film about Japanese-American sculptor Isamu Noguchi (1904-1988), 'Stones and Paper,' directed by Niro Narita, Thursday, Sept. 14 at 6:30 p.m.

Noguchi is best known for his naturalistic designs of open space. He was a sculptor, designer, architect and craftsman. Noguchi apprenticed with Constantin Brancusi, the father of modern sculpture and met Alexander Calder and Alberto Giacometti while in Paris. Noguchi was respected by many artists, including: Frida Kahlo, Arshille Gorky and Willem De Kooning, but he never belonged to any movement or school or art.

Noguchi said: "The art of stone in a Japanese garden is that of placement. Its ideal does not deviate from that of nature but I am also a sculptor of the West. I place my mark and do not hide."

Shy Rabbit gallery will remain open from 4-6:30 p.m. Sept. 14 for those who wish to see the "Minds Material: Sensation, Cognition & Knowledge" exhibit prior to the film's screening. The film will be followed by group discussion.

The "Let's Explore" program brings in guest speakers, slide presentations, films and experts to discuss the many facets of art and art history. In July, "Let's Explore" featured a slide show and lecture on Alfred Stieglitz. In August, the film "Rives and Tides," about environmental artist Andy Goldsworthy, was shown. In October, Shy Rabbit will begin the series Art 21, followed by a lecture and slide presentation in November with Gerry Riggs, the juror for the "Forms, Figures, Symbols" juried exhibition of contemporary art.

"The 'Let's Explore' series is an opportunity to bring in experts in their field to Pagosa and for those of us actively involved in the creation of Shy Rabbit to do what we love - explore art in all it's many forms and facets, sit around and talk about it and share in the experience," Michael Coffee said.

"Let's Explore — Isamu Noguchi" is one night only, Sept. 14, 6:30-8:30 p.m. Doors open at 6 p.m. with a suggested donation of $5. "Let's Explore — Art 21" is one night only, Oct. 12.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1, B-4, west of downtown, and just south of the Pagosa Lakes area. Take U.S. 160 to North Pagosa Boulevard, stay on North Pagosa to Bastille Drive (at UBC), turn left and stay on Bastille past Hopi. Shy Rabbit is located directly next to Pine Valley Rental. (GPS coordinates are latitude N37 degrees, 15.193 minutes and longitude W107, 5.074 minutes).

For more information: log onto or call (970) 731-2766.


Call for entries: 'Forms, figures, Symbols'

Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts announces a call for entries for "Forms, Figures, Symbols," a juried exhibition of contemporary works, Oct. 21-Nov. 28.

Opening reception for artists will be held Sat., Oct. 21, from 5-8 p.m.

Digital and slide submissions are due Sept. 19, 5 p.m. Notifications will be e-mailed Sept. 25. Gallery ready artwork must be received by Oct. 14. Non-refundable entry fees are $25 for one to three images, plus $5 for each additional image, up to a maximum of six. Slide entries must be accompanied by an additional $5 per slide for scanning fee. All works must be for sale.

Entry Forms are available at; by e-mail request at; or may be picked up at Shy Rabbit, 333 Bastille Drive, B-1 and B-4, Pagosa Springs, CO.

Juror Gerry Riggs served as director/curator of the Gallery of Contemporary Art and assistant professor at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs for more than 14 years. Riggs also served as the curator of fine art and exhibition coordinator at the Colorado Springs Fine Art Center, and as director/curator for the C.B. Goddard Center for Visual and Performing Arts in Ardmore, Okla.

Riggs' professional accomplishments include the installation design for over 400 exhibitions. He is credited for transforming the gallery at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs into one of the region's most important art spaces, and the only one dedicated to contemporary art, whether regional or from halfway around the world. He is a member of the American Association of Museums, and the AAM Museum Advocacy Team. One of Riggs' long-term projects is the Heller Ranch Center for Arts and Humanities on the UCCS campus, which when completed, will provide high-quality classroom, gallery, and studio space for local and visiting artists. Riggs is an accomplished photographer, session drummer and avid skier.

Juror's criteria

"Shy Rabbit has wisely chosen the broad themes of 'Form, Figures and Symbols' to maximize the range of contemporary expression that may be submitted. Most artists will likely find some affinity with the show's title and their existing work. 'Form' allows for abstraction and even work based on amorphic or undefined shapes and/or coloration, as well as realistically rendered, non-figurative works. 'Figures' implies tangible, but not necessarily realistically rendered life based subject matter; figure studies, etc. 'Symbols' allows for iconographic, even Jungian dream based imagery to be submitted; this could include imagery incorporating virtually any known symbol, logo, or other highly charged 'representative' cultural or socially based interpretations.

"Given these broad themes, I will select those submissions that I feel are the most: compelling, interesting and/or well executed; appropriately and/or professionally presented; original in style, and/or contemporary/timely in feel or tone. I will also be looking for enough work in two- and three-dimensional mediums to allow for an interesting, varied and balanced installation, in keeping with the high level and broad range of contemporary work that Shy Rabbit has presented in the past," wrote Riggs.

For additional information, please e-mail:, or call (970) 731-2766.


Writers continue to meet Thursdays

Writers of all levels meet every Thursday between 11:30 a.m. and 1 p.m. at Shy Rabbit Contemporary Arts for "Brown Bag Writers."

New writers come to learn about the craft. Experienced writers come to stir up the creative soup and take a break from their regular writing projects.

"Brown Bag Writers" provides a relaxed, casual environment for writers to drop in, listen to their muses, tap into the creative river, and learn to not take themselves so seriously.

Facilitated by freelance writer Leanne Goebel, the group is informal and fun. Goebel provides writing prompts in the form of phrases, music or visual stimuli and writers are free to spend 20-30 minutes writing. Then writers share their work (don't worry, if you don't feel comfortable, you can pass.) Upcoming prompts include poetry, smell, and writing about visual art from "Mind's Material: Sensation, Cognition & Knowledge."

This is a gathering for writers of all levels and abilities. It is an opportunity to practice writing. To prime the pump. Bring your writing tools (pens, paper, notebooks, laptop) and a sack lunch if you would like. The cost if $5 per session and drop-ins are welcome.

Shy Rabbit is located at 333 Bastille Drive, Units B-1, B-4, west of downtown, and just south of the Pagosa Lakes area. Take U.S. 160 to North Pagosa Blvd., stay on North Pagosa to Bastille Drive (at UBC), turn left and stay on Bastille past Hopi. Shy Rabbit is located directly next to Pine Valley Rental. (GPS coordinates are latitude N37 degrees, 15.193 minutes and longitude W107, 5.074 minutes).

For more information: log onto or call (970) 731-2766.


Little Big Town in concert at FLC

Contemporary country quartet Little Big Town brings its unique sound to the Community Concert Hall at Fort Lewis College, Wed., Sept. 13. Local favorite Joel Racheff, will open the show at 7:30 p.m.

Unique to country music, Little Big Town is made up of two women, Karen Fairchild and Kimberly Roads, and two men, Jimi Westbrook and Phillip Sweet, with no one singer serving as lead vocalist. The quartet is devoted to complex harmony and intricately interwoven vocal arrangements - which is perhaps one of the reasons Little Big Town was recently nominated by the Country Music Association for the 2006 Horizon Award and Vocal Group of the Year.

"We were brainstorming about what had never been done in country music," stated Fairchild on the group's Web site. "We tried to think of all the mixed groups that had ever been in the country genre. We couldn't think of a single one that was two girls and two guys. We thought "Let's do something different."

Friends at Samford University in Birmingham, Ala., Roads and Fairchild began singing together at that time. Fairchild moved to Nashville in 1994 to work for a booking agent on Music Row, and Roads moved a year later. Reunited, they then invited Westbrook to accompany them on guitar, as well as sing. Finally, through fortuitous friendships, the trio met singer-guitarist Sweet and the quartet was solidified in 1998 - though it took some time to convince the industry that such a quartet was marketable.

The following years, Little Big Town was battered by a series of professional and personal setbacks, but the foursome hung together, emerging now as a shining new star. The group's most recent release, "The Road to Here," has already been certified gold, and includes "ear-catching" songs of vocal passion and instrumental innovation. The debut single, "Boondocks," is indicative, and described as "a swampy piledriver" that showcases all four vocal talents.

"Little Big Town is a prime example of the Community Concert Hall having the opportunity to see a group on the verge of international fame. Following the CMA Awards, we likely won't be able to afford Little Big Town," said Gary Penington, Concert Hall managing director, reminding that Durango faces the challenge of being isolated and "off the circuit. See them here, see them now. They're on their way to the big time."

Tickets for Little Big Town are $30 for Balcony and Orchestra and $35 for Plaza, and are available on the Web at, or by calling 247-7657

Joel Racheff takes the stage at 7:30 p.m., followed by Little Big Town at roughly 8. Doors to the Concert Hall and concessions, serving beer, wine and non-alcoholic beverages and snacks, open at 6:30 p.m.

The Community Concert Hall is located in the growing arts complex of Fort Lewis College. It operates through a partnership with the college, a state-supported, independent institution of higher education, as well as the city of Durango, and with financial and in-kind contributions from generous members of the community.


Healing Arts Gathering moving forward

By Sonya F. Lugo

Special to The PREVIEW

The Healing Arts Gathering will meet again Sept. 10 between 5 and 7 p.m. for a pot luck dinner at Athena's home. All healing arts practitioners are invited to come, as well as anyone interested in knowing more about the healing arts community existing in Pagosa Springs.

During the last Healing Arts Gathering, a prototype directory called "Pagosa Health & Wellness Practitioners" was made public with several copies distributed, so everyone could see its prospective layout, designed by Karen Aspin. This directory is being created for the purpose of making public "Alternative, Allopathic & Integrative Healers in greater Pagosa Springs, Colorado," as described on its cover. Any healing arts practitioners interested in being included in the directory should come to the next meeting or contact Sophia at 903-2108.

The Healing Arts Gathering will be announcing its mission statement and the greater purpose of its existence at the next meeting. More than 50 attendees have been surveyed concerning their personal and community visions. Overall, Pagosa Springs is seen as a healing oasis, drawing people from around the world to its hot mineral springs for rest, rejuvenation and healing. By having a directory, locals and tourists can be informed about the many services available from the local healing arts practitioners.

The Healing Arts Gathering is the first step toward the co-creation of a well-informed community of citizens who seek to open the way to the growth of an economic sector as important to Pagosa Springs as identifying it as a healing oasis. As we gather, more affirmative steps will be taken in that direction.

We invite those who come to bring their business cards, brochures and flyers describing their healing modalities, so the decisions of our future can be made today. For more information and directions, call Athena at 731-9129 or Sophia at 903-2108.


Annual Auction for the Animals a success

By Cristina Woodall

Special to The PREVIEW

Wow, what an evening!

The Humane Society of Pagosa Springs' 12th annual Auction for the Animals took place Friday, Aug. 25. More than 400 supporters turned out for the fun event. Many wonderful items and guests filled the community center and brought the auction to life.

In the silent auction, the jewelry created quite a stir amongst the bidders. Several pieces of framed art also caught many an eye. Auctioneers Jake Montroy and Ryan Montroy along with announcer Debbie Steele kept the Live Auction hopping. The crowd enjoyed the young Will Boen driving a candy-laden, children's John Deere tractor up the aisle. The pink tourmaline necklace, the fly fishing package and the enormous goodie baskets and wagons were all hotly-contested items as well.

Due to the kindness of the donors and guests, the evening netted just over $30,000. The generous proceeds from the auction help offset the cost of feeding, sheltering, and caring for dogs and cats at the Humane Society animal shelter.

The Humane Society is grateful to all who contributed to make this year's auction a success: the guests, the bidders, the individuals and businesses who donated goods and services, the financial supporters, those who helped with publicity and ticket sales, the hard-working staff of the Humane Society, and especially the incredible volunteers who give unselfishly of many hours of time and labor. The auction wouldn't have happened without you.


College sorority alumnae sought to attend Pagosa event

By Carole Howard

Special to The PREVIEW

Women who were members of a Panhellenic sorority during their college days are invited to attend the first-ever luncheon of sorority alumnae to take place at JJ's Riverwalk Restaurant in Pagosa Springs on Saturday, Sept. 30, at 11:30 am. The event is being organized by members of the San Juan Pi Beta Phi alumnae group.

Prepaid reservations are required. Cost is $20 per person, including a pre-arranged entrée, dessert, non-alcoholic drink, tax and tip. To reserve your place at the luncheon, your check must be received by Wednesday, Sept. 27. Mail reservation to Marilyn Chipps, PO Box 3591, Pagosa Springs CO 81147 payable to "San Juan Pi Beta Phi". Please indicate which sorority you belong to and what college you were initiated.

"We are hoping the weather will cooperate with us so we can hold our event outside on the riverfront patio," said Lisa Scott, president of the local Pi Phis. "We also hope to be able to stage a group photo outside on the riverfront," Scott said.

There are 26 Panhellenic sororities whose alumnae are invited to this event: Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Epsilon Phi, Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Phi, Alpha Omicron Pi, Alpha Sigma Alpha, Alpha Sigma Tau, Alpha Xi Delta, Chi Omega, Delta Delta Delta, Delta Gamma, Delta Phi Epsilon, Delta Zeta, Gamma Phi Beta, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Delta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Pi Beta Phi, Phi Mu, Phi Sigma Sigma, Sigma Delta Tau, Sigma Kappa, Sigma Sigma Sigma, Theta Phi Alpha and Zeta Tau Alpha.

The San Juan alumnae group of Pi Beta Phi was formed in Pagosa Springs in March 2000. Chi Omega also has a local alumnae club, which began in August 2004. "Other than these two groups, we only know of a few individual sorority alumnae," Scott said. "We hope this luncheon will help identify others, and give us all an opportunity to get together to renew the bonds of Greek life."

If you cannot attend but would be interested in future events, please contact Lisa Scott at 264-2730 or to notify her of your affiliation.


Karen Kaufmann to speak at Center for Spiritual Living

By Denise Rue-Pastin

Special to The Preview

We've long been told that we can create anything and in fact do create everything in our lives - sometimes hard to believe - sometimes hard to accept. However, once you truly understand the process, it's quite an exciting realization that you and you alone can manifest all of your dreams and desires.

Sound good? Come join us Sunday, Sept. 10, at the Four Corners Center For Spiritual Living at 97 W. North St., Bayfield, at 11 a.m. (followed by a potluck) when Karen Kauffman will speak about this process, giving you tools to use and a deeper understanding of the concept.

Kauffman is a longtime practicing Science of Mind follower as well as a Universal Life Church Minister. She is a Reiki Master in Usui, Karuna and Shambala Reiki and specializes in Innerchild Work. She is also a DNA ll Theta healing Practitioner, workshop leader and Conscious Language Facilitator.

Also, mark your calendars for our Sept. 24 service where we will be showing the much acclaimed film "The Secret," and for our Adventures in Prosperity classes starting Sept. 13.

Call 731-9672 to register or for more information.

The Four Corners Center for Spiritual Living, based on Science of Mind and Unity principles, is pleased to celebrate its one year anniversary this month. We hope you can join us for these exciting events.


Sunday is special for IHM Parish

By Mary Jo Revitte

Special to The PREVIEW

Father Carlos Alvarez, pastor of Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish, will celebrate Mass Sunday, Sept. 10, in the Pagosa Springs Community Center where parishioners will gather for both Mass and the annual parish Stewardship Time and Talent Festival.

The Mass at 10 a.m. replaces the usual weekend Mass schedule at the IHM church.

After attending Mass, many parishioners are expected to spend the morning browsing the Time and Talent Festival that will showcase the many ministries which serve the parish. Sponsored by the John Marinoni Stewardship Society, the festival offers local Catholics an opportunity to learn how they might want to fulfill their Stewardship Way of Life by sharing their time and talent in ministry to the parish or the community.

Ministries will set up tables encircling the community center activity center with each table staffed by members ready to discuss the ministry's purpose and service offered. For example, parishioners can sign up on the spot to join the Altar and Rosary Society or Las Guadalupanas; or volunteer to spend a few hours working in the parish library; or learn how to join one of the parish choirs. Other ministries displaying their work include the religious education program, the Fellowship Ministry, which serves coffee and donuts on Sunday mornings, the ministry to the Pine Ridge Nursing Home, and the Men's and the Women's Fellowship and Bible Study.

The event will also feature musical entertainment, fun activities for children, and food sampling.


IHM offers Inquiry Class on Catholic Faith

By Mary Jo Revitte

Special to The PREVIEW

Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish is offering an Inquiry Class on the Catholic Faith on the second and fourth Sundays of the month at 10 a.m. in the Parish Office, 462 Lewis St., across from the church.

According to the instructors, Deacon Tom and Enza Bomkamp, the sessions are designed for adults, teens and children who are interested in learning more about the Catholic Faith. The program also offers preparation for the reception of the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and First Holy Communion.

The Inquiry Class carries out the Church's R.C.I.A. (Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults) process, which guides each individual through his or her unique spiritual journey.

Sessions will continue throughout the year, climaxing at the Easter Vigil Mass, the high point of the Church year, when candidates can receive the sacraments and become fully initiated members of the Catholic Church.


John Hornecker to lead special UU meditation service

On Sunday, Sept. 10, noted author and teacher John Hornecker will lead a special meditation service for the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship entitled "Planetary Healing Meditation."

He explains, "There are many different forms of meditation. People commonly incorporate some type of individual meditation into their daily regimen as a way to develop and maintain a close alignment with their Higher Self. When we meditate together in a group, however, we have an opportunity to align our intentions together in support of the highest good for our planet. In this group meditation, you will be invited to co-create a group intention focused on planetary healing, using the combined energies of the group to foster peace and goodwill throughout our world."

The service begins at 10:30 a.m. in the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall, Unit 15, Greenbriar Plaza. Turn east on Greenbrier Drive off of North Pagosa Boulevard by the fire station, then left into the back parking lot and look for the big sign. All are welcome.


High school drama club to meet

The Pagosa Springs High School Drama Club will hold its first meeting of the 2006-2007 school year Friday, Sept. 8, after school from 1:30-3 p.m. in the high school auditorium.

All interested high school students are invited to attend. The club is a group of actors, performers, singers, dancers, technicians and other young people interested in the performing arts at Pagosa High School.

For more information, call Dale Morris, 731-3370.


Chuck Bob at the Movies

Charles Streetman

PREVIEW Columnist

No column this week.

Education News

No column this week.


Local Chatter

The history of the Labor Day holiday

By Kate Terry

It most always snows on Labor Day somewhere in the mountains of Colorado.

The hummingbirds start their long journey home and so do the bikers and folk music lovers. It is a bittersweet time that means different things to so many.

School starts, snowbirds are packing up; hunters arrive, and we say goodbye to summer. This last long weekend is a time of transition and we often forget just why we have this holiday. We forget it is supposed to be a day for "political organizing."

There is some confusion over who actually proposed the first holiday for workers but recent research supports the belief that Matthew McGuire proposed that a picnic and parade be held in 1882. McGuire was a machinist and secretary of Local 344 of the international Association of Machinists in Paterson, New Jersey. He was also secretary of the Central Labor Union in New York. The Union adopted a Labor Day proposal and appointed a committee to plan the demonstration and picnic.

The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, Sept. 5, 1882 in New York City. In accordance with the Central Labor Union proposal.

In 1884 the first Monday in September was selected as the holiday as originally proposed and the union urged other organizations in other cities to follow the example of New York and celebrate a "workingmen's holiday"

By 1887, many states had enacted a Labor Day holiday and Colorado followed suit. By 1894, Congress passed an act making it a federal legal holiday. 1894 was also an election year. Grover Cleveland was president facing a depression and unrest across the nation. He had just declared a strike against the Pullman Company a federal crime and sent 12,000 troops to break the strike. Workmen were protesting all over the country, and Cleveland saw a chance to appease the workers by approving this holiday. Legislation was rushed through both houses of Congress and the bill arrived on his desk just six days after his troops had broken the Pullman strike. Labor Day was born and Cleveland was not reelected.

May 1 was suggested as the proper date for America to celebrate as it is acknowledged worldwide as the day honoring the working class. But Cleveland was afraid this date would be used to commemorate riots and strengthen the socialist movement so he supported the date chosen by the Central Labor Union.

The Union had specific ideas of how Labor Day should be spent. First, a street parade to exhibit "the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations" of the community, followed by a festival for the recreation and amusement of the workers and their families. This became the pattern for the deliberations of Labor Day. Speeches by prominent people were introduced later as more emphasis was placed on the economic and civic significance of the holiday. In addition, in 1909, the American Federation of Labor Convention adopted the Sunday preceding Labor Day as Labor Sunday and dedicated it to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement.

Today, political demonstrations are rare, but it behooves us to remember that the day is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country.

Fun on the Run

A weird creature rose up out of the surf and came ashore. Its garments were made of green sea lettuce.

"I am the friendly Witch of the sand," she said, "I am only going to sunbathe." The sun was terribly hot. Soon her skin began to bake and it turned as red as a ripe tomato! Have you ever seen a baking lettuce and tomato Sand Witch?


It was on the boy's fifth birthday that his father put his hand on the youngster's shoulder and said, "Remember my son, if you ever need a helping hand, you'll find one at the end of your arm," (Sam Levenson).


Community Center News

Help needed at CC Halloween party

By Becky Herman

PREVIEW Columnist

To all of you local folks who have recently had birthdays, christenings, baby showers and family reunions here, we thank you for thinking of us and for using "your" community center.

Mercy is always thinking far ahead, so she has us planning now for the upcoming holidays.

Last year's Halloween party was an enormous success. Our goal is to make this year's fall celebration even bigger and better.

We are asking for your help with our Halloween extravaganza. We need volunteers to help run the games, with setup for the entire center (we'll be using the whole building this year), with passing out prizes to lucky winners, with money for decorations and prizes, with counting people as they come in the door, and with monitoring the brave kids who dare to enter the scary maze and the forbidding graveyard. Boo! Call us; we guarantee that you'll have a great time!

Upcoming workshops

Women and Power: Financial Security and Learn the Keys to Job Success and Money Management

Archuleta County Victim Assistance and Colorado Workforce are providing these two empowering workshops for all women, regardless of age or marital status.

The first one focuses on developing confidence in your ability to manage money and make financial decisions. The second will help you to determine what type of job interests you have, to learn where and how to gain job skills, and how to dress for and prepare for an interview. In addition, the trainers will discuss barriers to your goals and how to overcome them.

The workshops will be held 5:30-7:30 p.m. Monday and Wednesday nights, from Sept. 11 to Oct. 4. Refreshments will be provided.

Registration is required so that each participant can receive materials. Both workshops are free, and you can sign up for one or both. To register, call Karen at 264-9075 or Ruby at 731-3834. The Victim Assistance office in Town Hall has brochures with details of what is covered during each session.

Chimney Rock Interpretive Association

The association will hold its annual meeting at 6 p.m. Sept. 14 in the North Conference Room. The agenda includes elections for the coming year. The public is invited to attend.

Colorfest Dance

Now is the time to pick up your tickets for the Colorfest dance at 7:30 p.m. Friday, Sept. 15. The High Rollers from Durango will provide music for listening and dancing. As usual, there will be free snacks and a cash bar.

Tickets are $12 in advance and $15 at the door and may be purchased at WolfTracks, the Chamber of Commerce and the community center. Buy your tickets now and reserve your table(s). Table reservations for six and eight people are available only with purchased tickets. Be ready to provide your ticket numbers upon reservation.

Italian cooking class

You asked for it, and she's back!

Edith Blake is going to do another series of Italian cooking classes Oct. 5, 12 and 26. They will start at 10 in the morning. If you are interested, please come to the center to reserve your space. The fee is $10 per class, and no reservations will be taken without the prepayment. Please note that class fees are not refundable, but they are transferable.

Early reservation is a must. Edith's classes were extremely popular last time and filled up early. Since the last series of classes, Edith has been to Italy in order to take cooking classes herself. We can't wait to see what she comes up with this time. Call 264-4152 for more information.

Scrapbooking club

Melissa Bailey's scrapbooking group is resuming its regular schedule on Saturday, Sept. 9. The session will last from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Come join in and learn about scrapbooking techniques and tools.

Managing diabetes

The diabetes group met last week. Our facilitator for the meeting was Mary Jane Knight, who has worked for many years as a dietician for corporations and individual doctors. Each participant shared her concerns and a little bit of her history in coping with the disease. Then, as a group, we formulated a goal for the next week and the next month.

The group's goal is to stay within a prescribed calorie range each day; part of the means for accomplishing this was to write down the day's meal plan. Of course, part of any tracking plan includes regular blood sugar testing.

The next meeting will be held at 5:30 p.m. Sept. 21. Call 264-4152 for more information.

Yoga class

The class has changed its meeting day from Thursday to Tuesday, and has also changed its meeting time to 10:30-11:30 in the morning. Diana Baird reports she has had about 10 people attending the group. Participants have been working on stretching, balance, posture, and breathing.

Deep, even breaths are the goal. Balance has also been a focus; the idea here is to use your bones for balance rather than your muscles, which need to be left free for circulating your blood. Too much muscle tightness can lead to a light-headed feeling. In order to learn better balance, Diana has participants spread their toes — literally, each person uses his fingers to spread his toes. Then when doing the poses, Diana reminds everyone to use this wider foot base for a relaxed and balanced feeling.

For those of you who might hesitate to join in because you think that the poses are difficult, Diana explains that each pose has degrees of difficulty. For example, if a pose requires some balance on your part, props are available to help. A hand or hip against the wall, or a chair close by can provide support while you learn the pose. Neckties help with some of the stretching exercises.

Thanks to Diana for leading this group. Call the center at 264-4152 for more information.

Line dancing

The line dancing group regularly has about 20 participants, who dance and learn, laugh and exercise. Gerry Potticary is a wonderful leader who is always ready to try something new.

Recently they asked me for a CD with "Splish Splash" and "Calendar Girl" on it. Are you old enough to remember those tunes? Thanks to my husband, John, who logged onto Napster and downloaded the songs.

Line dancing resumes its regular schedule 10-11:30 a.m. Monday, Sept. 11. Newcomers and old-hands are all welcome.

Self-Help for Health

Members of Medora Bass' Self-Help for Health group were attempting to visualize their inner ability to heal both health problems and past experiences. The reaction to this group experience has been positive and optimistic. If you are interested in how this program works, call the center at 264-4152 or stop by for a handout which will explain the process. For more information call the center at 264-4152.

eBay Club

Since the eBay Club has been meeting in the computer lab, the time has been changed in order not to interfere with regular use of the lab. The club will meet on the same day, the third Thursday of each month, but at 5:30 p.m. instead of in the morning. Join Ben Bailey for tips on buying and selling. Call Ben at 264-0293 or the center at 264-4152 for more information.

Computer lab news

We are taking reservations for the beginning classes which will start close to the end of October and last into the beginning of December. Please let us know as early as possible if you are interested in joining us at that time. Classes are free to everyone, and we try to tailor what is taught to your individual needs.

Stop by the center if you would like copies of the handouts from the first two classes. These are designed for new computer users, since they focus on keyboard and mouse skills. Many computer operations can be performed either with the keyboard or with the mouse. Most new users quickly decide which is their preferred method. In addition, there will be an extra handout for new users who have vision problems. A useful program called iZoom magnifies your computer screen and even reads it to you. Once you become accustomed to the somewhat mechanical computer voice, you can relax and let the machine do the reading for you. This program, by the way, can be gotten through a free download; the iZoom handout will explain where and how to download and install it and provide some tips on how to get started.

Call the center at 264-4152 for information about classes or computer use.

Center hours

The community center's is open Monday, 8 a.m. until 5 p.m.; Tuesday through Friday from 8-5:30 .; and Saturday 10 -4.

Activities this week

Today - Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; watercolor class with Joye Moon, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.; Computer Q&A session with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.

Sept. 8 - Watercolor class with Joye Moon, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.; senior walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Bridge 4 Fun and duplicate bridge, 12:30-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 2-8 p.m.

Sept. 9 - Scrapbooking Club, 10 a.m.-3 p.m.; Teen center open, 11 a.m.-4 p.m.

Sept. 10 - IHM Catholic Church Stewardship Sunday, 8 a.m.-2 p.m.; Church of Christ Sunday service, 10 a.m.-noon; High Roads Baptist Church, 6-8 p.m.; Fairfield Activities information meeting for time-share visitors, 6-8 p.m.

Sept. 11 - Line dancing, 10-11:30 a.m.; senior walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Bridge 4 Fun, 12:30-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; ACVA Workshop for Women, 5:30-7:30 p.m.; Loma Linda HOA meeting, 7-9 p.m.

Sept. 12 - Over-the-Hill-Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; Beginning Computing, 10 a.m.-noon; toga, 10:30-11:30 a.m.; senior walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Creeper Jeepers, 7-8 p.m.

Sept. 13 - Beginning Computing for Seniors, 10 a.m.-noon; Weight Watchers, 4:45-6:45 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; ACVA Workshop for Women, 5:30-7:30 p.m.

Sept. 14 - Forest Service, 8 a.m.-4 p.m.; Board of Realtors meeting, 8:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m.; Computer Q&A session with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Chimney Rock Interpretive Association annual meeting, 6-8 p.m.

Need a place to have a party or meeting? We have very affordable rooms for small, mid-size and large groups. A catering kitchen is also available. Tables, chairs, a portable stage, a dance floor and audiovisual equipment are available, too. The center is located at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. Call 264-4152.


Senior News

Be very wary of 'gifting clubs'

By Jeni Wiskofske

SUN Columnist

Gifting Clubs are illegal pyramid schemes. The problem is that, like most pyramid schemes, illegal gifting clubs must continually recruit ever-increasing numbers of members to survive.

These clubs may try to attract members through faith communities or service organizations. If you're approached about joining a club but you aren't sure if it's an illegal gifting club, the Federal Trade Commission reminds you to:

- Consider that a legitimate gift has no strings attached and is not an "investment."

- Avoid being misled in to thinking a gifting club is legitimate because the ads say that members consider their payments a gift and expect nothing in return. This is an attempt to make an illegal transaction look legal.

- Be wary of success stories or testimonials of tremendous payoffs. Very few members of illegal gifting clubs or pyramid schemes ever receive any money.

- Take your time. Don't buckle under high-pressure sales pitch that requires you to join immediately or risk losing out on the opportunity. Remember, solid opportunities - and solid friendships - aren't formed through never-wracking tactics.

For more information on how to prevent financial elder abuse, call 1-800-222-4444 or visit

Unsafe driver

It is important to know the signs of unsafe driving.

Some of these signs include driving at inappropriate speeds (either fast or slow), trouble staying in a lane, difficulty seeing the side of the road, problems making turns, getting lost frequently, having a slower response rate, stopping for no reason, getting frequent tickets, and being easily distracted while driving. Once you know there is a problem with a loved one's driving, you need to decide the best way to address it. The following are some steps you can take to try to break the news as painlessly as possible:

1. Pick the best person to do the talking. People can take things differently depending on who is delivering the message. Popular choices include spouse, doctor, and adult children.

2. Plan what to say. The key is to avoid being critical and to try to be positive.

3. Get an independent driving evaluation. Many local DMV will conduct field tests to assess driving capability.

4. Report the driver. All state DMV, Highway Safety or Transportation have an office where a family member or doctor can make a referral about an unsafe driver.

5. Help the unsafe driver find alternative transportation. This is where The Den can help. Utilize our new 18 passenger handicap accessible bus for door to door service from your house to The Den for lunch, to the post office, the pharmacy, the grocery store and other necessary errands. The Den's transportation service provides freedom and convenience with a lot of fun and laughs along the way!

A Day in Arboles

On Thursday, Sept. 7, The Den will be offering lunch in Arboles. Reservations are required by Tuesday, Sept. 5. Following lunch, we will have an ice cream social. Get your scoop of ice cream for 50 cents and bring in a topping to share to make a scrumptious sundae. Seniors Inc. will be having its monthly board meeting in Arboles after the lunchtime activities. Join the board meeting to find out what is going on with your local council on aging. We hope to see you all there.

Grandparents' Day

In 1970, a West Virginia housewife, Marian Lucille Herndon McQuade, initiated a campaign to set aside a special day just for Grandparents. In 1978, President Jimmy Carter signed a proclamation declaring the first Sunday after Labor Day as National Grandparents Day. The Den will honor Grandparents Day Friday during lunch. We will have a small gift for all of you grandparents to say thank you for adding so much to the lives of the following generations. You are also welcome to bring in your grandchild for a free lunch

Visits with Allie

Allie is a West Highland white terrier and is a registered therapy dog with Therapy Dogs International (TDI). Visit with Allie and her owner, Kathryn Steen, at The Den Monday Sept. 11, beginning at 11 a.m. It has been clinically proven that through petting, touching and talking with the animals, a person's blood pressure is lowered, stress is relieved and depression is eased. TDI dogs bring sparkle to a sterile day, provide a lively subject for conversation and rekindle memories of previously owned pets.

AARP Driver safety class

The AARP Driver Safety Program, the nation's first and largest classroom refresher for motorists 50 and older, will be offered 1-5 p.m. Tuesday, Sept. 12, and Wednesday, Sept. 13, in the Community United Methodist Church on Lewis Street. The class costs $10 and to register or for more information, call Don Hurt at 264-2337.


Aikido is a relatively modern martial art, although its roots go back nearly a thousand years to secret techniques of samurai warriors. Join Bill Trimarco and Lisa Jensen at The Den at 1 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 13.

The Den will offer Aikido classes every Wednesday at 1 p.m. beginning in October. Please sign up with The Den office by Friday, Sept. 22nd to participate in the October classes. Aikido is beneficial for health, coordination, stress relief and character.

Barbecue dinner and wagon ride

Take a ride on a horse drawn wagon pulled by a team of big Clydesdales to a rustic setting where you will enjoy the best barbecue around with all the fixin's.

Meet at scenic Astraddle-A-Saddle at 5:05 p.m. with the wagon ride beginning at 5:20 p.m. Tuesday, Sept. 19, and enjoy real outdoor home cookin' with chicken, brisket, corn, beans, rolls plus much more, all for $20. It's all you can eat, too!

After dinner, join us in singing and relaxing around the campfire. Sign-up with The Den by Wednesday, Sept. 13, to participate in the fun. Carpooling will be the mode of transportation. Winter is just around the corner, so get out and enjoy the fall weather before it's too late!

Medicare counseling

Beginning this month, The Den will be offering Medicare counseling Tuesdays by appointment only from 1-3 p.m. Call The Den at 264-2167 to make an appointment to learn more about Medicare, to receive answers to your questions concerning your policy, to sign-up for the Medicare Drug program, or for any other information regarding Medicare.

Senior Law Handbook

The Silver Foxes Den has received the new and updated Senior Law Handbook.

The Senior Law Handbook has an enormous amount of useful information such as government and financial assistance, estate planning, family relationships, what to do when someone dies plus much more. The Senior Law Handbook is available in our library for on-site use and it may also be accessed on line at and then click on "For the Public" and then on "Law Related Materials" and then on "Senior Law Handbook".

Notice of election

The board of directors of Archuleta Seniors Inc. is presently accepting nominations for officers and board members. Officers are elected annually and board members serve two year terms. Archuleta Seniors Inc. is a non-profit organization that serves as the local council on aging. They are also an advisory board to the Archuleta County Senior Center and are responsible for the Senior Discount cards, mystery trips, Oktoberfest, and the scholarships for medical needs.

A Letter of Intent must be received at the Silver Foxes Den Senior Center located in the community center at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. The mailing address is P.O. Box 1507, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147 ad letters must be received by the end of the business day on Sept. 22. You may either hand deliver or mail your Letter of Intent.

Nominations will not be take from the floor at the annual meeting to be held on the day of the elections, Oct. 9. For more information, call Judy Collins, nominating chairperson, at 731-1785.

Senior discounts

Join hundreds of other seniors in our community taking advantage of the many discounts available through local merchants by joining Archuleta Seniors, Inc. Memberships are available for folks age 55 and over. Beginning Monday, Sept. 11, and through the remainder of 2006, memberships can be purchased at The Den for $50 on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. No memberships are sold Thursdays.

Oktoberfest volunteers

Archuleta Seniors, Inc. needs people on their S.W.A.T. team.

"S.W.A.T." or "Seniors With Available Time" are those who would like to donate their time to the senior community on a short-term basis or to help with a task.

One place where S.W.A.T. team members are in desperate need is Oktoberfest, the largest senior fund-raising event of the year. We need volunteers to help sell advance tickets, for food preparation, for food serving, and with other duties for the Oct. 14 event. If you are interested in being on our S.W.A.T. team, contact Susi Cochran at 731-0866. This is a great way to serve our local community, have fun, and get satisfaction from helping others.

Senior of the Week

We would like to congratulate Mike Green, our Senior of the Week. Mike will enjoy free lunches all week. We would also like to congratulate Lee Gladfelter in Arboles. He will enjoy free lunches at Arboles Meal Day for the month of September.

Board candidate

The board of directors for the San Juan Basin Area Agency on Aging will have a vacancy for an Archuleta County representative, and candidates are needed.

The AAA administers the Older Americans Act Program for senior citizen services in Southwestern Colorado. The involvement of local seniors is necessary for input and monitoring of programs available in the community.

The term for the newly-elected member will be three years. Six meetings are held each year, the first in January. Candidates for board of director positions must be at least 55 years of age and a resident of Archuleta County. The AAA Region 9 includes Archuleta, Dolores, La Plata, Montezuma, and San Juan Counties. All seniors 55 years of age and older have the right to vote for their local representative to the AAA board. Elections will be held at the senior center in Pagosa Springs in October. Please contact Musetta Wollenweber, Senior Services Director, 264-2167, to obtain a Declaration of Candidacy form. The deadline for declaring candidacy is Sept. 15.

Volunteers needed

Are you looking for a way to volunteer some time to your community and make an immediate impact on someone's life?

The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center has an opportunity for you to make new friends while you donate one lunch hour per week to the home-delivery meal program for our senior citizens. Applicants must provide their own vehicle and a background check will be completed on all applicants. Adopt a home-delivery route today and brighten the lives of a few senior citizens. For more information, contact Musetta at 264-2167.

Make an immediate impact on someone's life and volunteer as a driver for medical shuttles to Durango to help those with medical appointments who are unable to drive themselves. A county vehicle and the fuel are provided for the shuttle. You must have good people skills and be a safe driver. Applications are currently being accepted in The Den office. A background check will be completed on all candidates. For more information, contact Musetta. Please make a difference, and volunteer.

Activities at a glance

Thursday, Sept. 7 - Lunch served in Arboles (reservations required); ice cream social in Arboles, following lunch; e Seniors Inc. board Meeting in Arboles, 1 p.m. The Den is closed.

Friday, Sept. 8 - The "Geezers" weekly meeting, 9 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; celebrate Grandparents' Day during lunch; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30 p.m.; duplicate bridge, 12:30 p.m.

Monday, Sept. 11 - Visits with Allie (the therapy dog), 11 a.m.; Susan Stoffer available, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; gym walk, 11:15; Bridge 4 Fun, 12:30 p.m.

Tuesday, Sept. 12 - Yoga, 10:30 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; blood pressure checks, 11:30 a.m.; Seeds of Learning kids visit, noon; canasta, 1 p.m.; Medicare counseling by appointment only, 1-3 p.m.; and AARP Driver Safety Program at the Methodist Church, 1-5 p.m.

Wednesday, Sept. 13 - Basic computer class, 10 a.m.; "What is Aikido?" presentation with Lisa Jensen and Bill Trimarco, 1 p.m.; AARP Driver Safety Program at the Methodist Church, 1-5 p.m.

Thursday, Sept. 14 - The Den is closed.

Friday, Sept. 15 - The "Geezers" weekly meeting, 9 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Bridge-4-Fun, 12:30 p.m.; duplicate bridge, 12:30 p.m.


Suggested donation $3 for ages 60-plus and kids 12 and under; all others $5.

Salad bar available every day at The Den beginning at 11:30 a.m. Menu subject to change.

Thursday, Sept. 7 - Lunch served in Arboles (reservations required). Baked ham with raisin sauce, yams, green beans, cranberry mould and whole wheat roll.

Friday, Sept. 8 - Hot turkey sandwich, whipped potatoes, asparagus, pineapple and mandarin oranges, and whole wheat bread.

Monday, Sept. 11 - Swedish meatballs, potatoes and cream gravy, green beans, mixed fruit, and whole wheat bread.

Tuesday, Sept. 12 - Italian sausage with marinara sauce, spaghetti, Italian vegetables and pear slices.

Wednesday, Sept. 13 - Chicken salad with lettuce and tomato, steamed rice, broccoli blend, applesauce and raisins, and whole wheat bread.

Friday, Sept. 15 - Beef stew with vegetables, black beans with cilantro, cauliflower, orange wedges and cornbread.


Veteran's Corner

By Andy Fautheree

No column this week.

Library News

Book sale this weekend, plus how to train your mind to keep learning

By Carole Howard

SUN Columnist, and the library staff

This is a book lovers' weekend because the Friends of the Library annual meeting and book sale are being be held at the Extension Building at the Fairgrounds on Sept. 8 and 9.

If you are a member of the Friends, bring a finger food for the potluck starting at 6 p.m. Friday. After eating and a very short meeting, you get first dibs on the books on sale. Non-members are invited to take this opportunity to join this wonderful group. Membership is $5 for an individual, $10 for a family and $100 for a lifetime - and you can pay your membership fee at the door. On Saturday, books go on sale to the general public from 8 a.m. to noon. This year special book bags will also be available for sale for $12, another fund-raiser for the library.

This book sale benefits book lovers in many ways. The library raises money for new books by selling those no longer needed. You can add books to your personal library at very low prices. And you can even clean out your personal collection by donating those you're finished with to the library for this sale. Please bring your donations for the book sale to the library before Wednesday, Sept. 6.

Train your mind to keep learning

The library's chess club was organized because studies show chess is a strong tool to help with all types of learning. Now staffer David Bright alerts us to the fact that the August issue of Scientific American magazine is carrying an article titled "Expert Mind" showing that we should encourage our youth to learn this game. Why? Chess playing helps our kids improve their skills in reading, writing and arithmetic.

Good chess players can see at least one move ahead. One study showed that most people can think of about five to nine items at a time, while chess masters can retain much more. Top performers in music, sports and mathematics all seem to have the same ability as chess masters. Similar game-playing strengths are found in bridge players and computer programmers.

The Scientific American article suggests that the way to excellence for all of us - not just kids - is to tackle challenges just beyond our competence. This strategy sounds to me like a great one for everyone — especially seniors who want to keep tuning their mental skills - whether at the chess board or bridge table. Each accomplishment strengthens our motivation. The article concludes, "Experts are made, not born." Success builds on success.

If you are interested in learning more about this subject, come to the library where Scientific American is one of about 70 magazines available for checkout. To play in the library chess club, you must have a Yahoo games account. For more information contact David Bright at the library at 264-2208.

Thanks to our donors

As always, we are so grateful to those of you who donate books and materials to the library to share with all our patrons. This week's list of generous people includes Dave Bates, Carlena Chandler, Marti Gallo, Nancy Green, Mark Mueller, Kathy Steen, Nettie Trenk, Lynda Van Patter, plus our ever-faithful Anonymous.

Non-fiction books

If you like history, try James L. Swanson's bestseller "Manhunt," a riveting account of the hunt for President Lincoln's killers that proves truth can be more exciting than fiction. For something more current, read CNN reporter Anderson Cooper's book "Dispatches from the Edge," his memoir and up-close view of the most harrowing crises of our time. Or read the deeply moving bestseller "The Girls Who Went Away," by Ann Fessler, which is about the hidden history of women who surrendered children for adoption in the decades before Roe v. Wade. Another great look at current affairs is Charles S. Maier's "Among Empires: American Ascendancy and its Predecessors," which puts our country's power in the world today into the historical context of the Roman, Ottoman, Spanish, Russian, Chinese and British empires.

Non-fiction for outdoor lovers

"All about Elk" is an impressive book with helpful hints and useful facts for hunters. "The Cloudspotter's Guide" by Gavin Pretor-Pinney is an interesting romp through science, history, art and pop culture, written for anyone who is curious about those fluffy, floating, ever-shifting cottonballs in the sky.

More new books: Religion and mysteries

Readers who enjoy books about religion might enjoy the novel "The Last Templar" by Raymond Khoury. On a more serious level, try "Misquoting Jesus: The Story behind Who Changed the Bible and Why" by Bart D. Ehrman, a fascinating report that should be of great interest to those interested in the New Testament. For a little escapist reading, try the new thrillers by bestselling authors including Lee Child's "The Hard Way, Lisa Gardner's "Alone," Iris Johansen's "On the Run" and James Patterson's "Judge and Jury."

CDs for teens and young adults

Carl Hiaasen's wonderful book "Hoot," about kid named Roy whose move to Florida brought him many adventures, became a major motion picture. Adults will love this one too. Members of the library's Meagan's Place student advisory group - Danny Shahan, Cy Parker and Josie Snow - highly recommend Eoin Colfer's "Artemis Fowl," a book about a 12-year-old millionaire genius who is also a criminal. They also like Cornelia Funke's "Dragon Rider," an enchanting story about adventure, faith and the true meaning of home. These three CD books all are unabridged.


Pagosa Reads

New guide to Chimney Rock

By Wayne Logan

Special to The PREVIEW

Approached from any direction, the twin towers of the Chimney Rock Archaeological Area are unmistakable and spectacular.

Located about 20 miles west of Pagosa Springs, just off Colo. 151, the Chimney Rock spires are an unforgettable sight and landmark. They and the area bordering them are recognized as some of the cultural jewels of the American Southwest. Over approximately the last 100 years, the Chimney Rock site has been much studied and, for about the last 15 years, has been much visited by the public. The site is well known to and generally respected by both local and non-local American Indian groups.

The histories of both the Chimney Rock pillars themselves and the Chimney Rock Archaeological Area were significantly interwoven for perhaps 425 years, from about 700 to 1125 A.D. The last 200 years of that pre-Columbian Chimney Rock occupation is the subject of a newly released book that carefully and lucidly illuminates the known facts and the mysteries surrounding Chimney Rock.

The book, "Visions of Chimney Rock: A Photographic Interpretation of the Place and its People," is an amalgam of scholarly papers contributed by Chimney Rock researchers and compiled by Pagosa Springs resident Helen L. Richardson. The book effectively uses both written and photographic images to tell the story of Chimney Rock. Elements both celestial and terrestrial are part of the history of Chimney Rock and Visions uses existing evidence in the form of artifacts and surmises made by anthropologists, archaeologists, botanists, and others to formulate possibilities based on the ancient site's history.

The chronicle of Chimney Rock includes more than simply artifacts and surmises from knowledgeable sources. The best historical judgments tell us that Chimney Rock was, a thousand or so years ago, part of an area-wide culture that included connections to other archaeological areas of the southwest such as Aztec, Salmon, Mesa Verde and Chaco Canyon.

The artifacts remaining from all such sites include pottery, spear and arrow points, turquoise jewelry, stone tools of various types, and other items actually used in the distant past. Certainly, those artifacts are important. But equally important are the remaining structures themselves. Many times, the orientation of those structures to each other and to certain celestial formations tells of the people's knowledge and culture. Artifacts, structures, orientations, locations, and other known items all are recognized in "Visions."

As important as known facts are, there is no question that the most tantalizing questions are those just beyond the edge of vision - those things just slightly beyond the point of having answers. What did early Chimney Rock residents actually know of celestial events? What was the significance of those events a thousand years ago? How did those early people learn astronomy? What was the point of origin of the early settlers? Where did they go? Why did they leave? Who engineered, designed, and built the massive and enigmatic Great House?

These points and questions rarely have exact answers or explanations, but they are given voice in this latest treatment of the history of the Chimney Rock area and neighboring archaeological sites. "Visions" is an excellent guide for those wishing to increase their personal knowledge of Chimney Rock and it is an excellent reminder for those simply charmed by the twin towers and their relevant history.

Wayne Logan is a recent retiree following 33 years as a pharmaceutical representative. His involvement with the Chimney Rock Interpretive program - as a tour guide and member of the board of directors - is a perfect fit with his love of history, from pre-Columbian to the present.


Arts Line

Applegate exhibit continues, new member joins board

By Linda Strathdee

PREVIEW Columnist

Sandy Applegate's one-person exhibit, Pagosa Portraits: Ego and Alter Ego, continues until Sept. 19.

Sandy's whimsical and provocative work portrays egos and alter egos of a number of local individuals.

The exhibit is on display at the Town Park gallery located at 315 Hermosa St. Hours are Tuesday through Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Plan to stop by and see Sandy's very expressive portrayals.

For more information, contact the Pagosa Springs Arts Council at 264-5020 or

New director

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council Board of Directors welcomed newly-elected board member Linda Tilson on Aug. 22. Linda and her husband, Marty, moved to Pagosa in the summer of 2005.

Originally an art major in college, Linda eventually switched her major to finance and for the past 20 years served as vice president, treasurer and comptroller for a major oil and gas corporation in Tulsa, Okla. However, she never lost her passion for art and has experienced success as a professional artist whose specialty is pencil, pen and ink portraits.

CCA grant

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council recently received notice it has been selected to receive a $2,000 grant from the Colorado Council on the Arts.

PSAC will use these funds in support of its June 2007 Summer Arts Camp. Once again, PSAC will be able to further its mission and open doors to the arts for more children.

2007 calendars

Have you bought your 2007 PSAC calendar yet?

The second edition of the ongoing calendar project features works from local artists, Claire Goldrick, Betty Slade, Jan Brookshier, Art Franz, Diana Baird, Al Olson, Jeff Laydon, David Hunter, Barbara Rosner, Jeanine Malaney and Emily Tholberg. Artwork pictured in the calendar includes photography, oil, fabric art, watercolor and mixed media. Calendars are available at the gallery for $9.95 plus tax for non-members and $8.95 plus tax for PSAC members. Calendars are also available at Moonlight Books, Lantern Dancer, the Chamber of Commerce, Pagosa Photography and other area businesses.

Joye Moon exhibit

In conjunction with Joye Moon's watercolor workshop we are fortunate to have some of her works on display in the community center's Arts and Crafts Room. Joye's work unleashes the power of watercolors; it is bold and intense. You may view this exhibit through Friday, Sept. 8, between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.

Mion workshop 

Internationally known artist and illustrator Pierre Mion will be teaching his fall watercolor workshop, the Lake Powell Class, Oct. 9-11 from 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Classes will be held at the Arts and Crafts Room in the Pagosa Springs Community Center.

The price of this three-day workshop is $240 for PSAC members and $265 for nonmembers, (the extra $25 will automatically give you a one-year PSAC membership) . An optional fourth day, Oct. 12, is available for $60 per person, minimum four students. For further workshop and supplies information, call Pierre Mion at 731-9781 or visit

Drawing with Randall Davis

Local artist Randall Davis will hold a one-day drawing workshop 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 4, at the community center.

The workshop will include a review of basic drawing techniques; students will leave with a completed drawing. This session is appropriate for beginners as well as advanced students. If you have never attended one of Randall's classes, it's a treat to see what you can produce in a day under his guidance.

Supplies needed for this class include sketch pad (preferably 11x14), assorted drawing pencils - including a 3H or 4H, a No. 2, and a 3B or 4B - eraser, ruler and pencil sharpener. Plan to bring a bag lunch.

PSAC firsts

The first Art and Photo Camp Student Exhibit will open Thursday, Sept. 28, featuring photos and artwork done in two summer camps. Soledad Estrada-Leo's classes with students whose ages range from 4-13 met throughout the summer and campers learned not only art skills but some Spanish as well. Wendy Saunders had photo-learn classes where students used their 35mm cameras to experience the basics of photography and selected from their work, images to be framed and mounted. Plan to support Pagosa's young citizens by attending the opening or visiting the gallery sometime during the exhibit.

PSAC will hold its first juried photo show Oct. 12-31. A call for entries will be going out soon. Watch for more information as it unfolds.

The PSAC Members Gift Shop Show and Sale will open Thursday, Nov. 2, with an open house from 5-7 p.m. All pieces in this show will be original, handcrafted and done by members of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. Mark the date on your calendar and get a jump on holiday shopping.

Photo club season

The Pagosa Springs Photography Club will meet Wednesday, Sept. 13, in the Arts Room at the community center to begin the new 2006-2007 club season. The social hour will begin at 6:30 p.m. with refreshments and the meeting will start at 7.

The first item of business will be the election of new officers in all positions to replace those who are stepping down. The remainder of the program will be a roundtable discussion about activities and programs for the coming year that members feel would be most useful and beneficial. For more information on photo club meetings, check the Web at

Please note there will be no photo competition this month.

The photography club meets the second Wednesday of each month during the club year from September through May. Interested photography enthusiasts are welcome to attend the first meeting at no charge. Any and all are invited to join for a modest annual fee. For more information, contact Jim Struck at 731-6468 or

Upcoming Music Booster events

On Oct. 27, Music Boosters is sponsoring Hallo-Swing, an evening of great music and dancing at the PLPOA Clubhouse at 7:30 p.m. You can step into the world of the 1940s and dance to the wonderful Big Band sounds. Soft drinks, beer, wine and other drinks will be available; '40s costumes are encouraged, others are not recommended.

"Nuncrackers" will play at the Pagosa Springs High School Auditorium at 7:30 p.m. Nov. 30-Dec. 2 (matinee on Dec. 2 at 2 p.m.). Auditions for this performance will be held 6:30-9 p.m. Sept. 29.

Tickets for both events will be available at the Plaid Pony (731-5262) or at the door. Advanced purchase is recommended. Hallo-Swing: adults $20. "Nuncrackers": adults $15, seniors $12, students/children 18 and under $6.

PSAC seeks new members

Started in 1988, The Pagosa Springs Arts Council, a non-profit organization, was conceived and developed to, in part, promote the awareness of the vast array of local artistic talent, provide educational and cultural activities in the community, sponsor exhibits and workshops by local and regional artists, and encourage and support continued appreciation and preservation of the aesthetic beauty of Pagosa Springs.

If becoming involved with such a dynamic organization excites you, we hope you will consider becoming a member. If you have questions or would like more information on joining, call the PSAC office, 264-5020.


Today-Sept. 19 - Pagosa Portraits: Ego and Alter-Ego by Sandy Applegate.

Sept. 5-8 - Joye Moon Watercolor Workshop.

Sept. 21 - Watercolor club.

Sept. 28 - Art and Photo Camp Student Show opening.

Sept. 28-Oct. 10 - Art and Photo Camp Student Exhibit.

Sept. 29 - Auditions for "Nuncrackers," 6:30 - 9 p.m.

Oct. 9-11 - Pierre Mion's Lake Powell Watercolor Workshop.

Oct. 12-31 - Juried photo show.

Oct. 27 - Music Boosters Hallo-Swing, PLPOA Clubhouse, 7:30 p.m.

Nov. 2-23 - PSAC Members Gift Shop.

Nov. 4 - Randall Davis drawing class, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

Nov. 30 - Dec. 2, Music Boosters production of "Nuncrackers," high school auditorium.

Dec. 1 - Gala Gallery Tour, 4:30-7:30 p.m.

Artsline is a communication vehicle of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council, courtesy of The Pagosa Springs Sun. For inclusion in Artsline, send information to PSAC e-mail ( In the subject area of your e-mail, please write "Artsline." Your attachment should be in a Microsoft Word file document format. Images should be limited to 2 (300dpi, 5x7 inches in size) and sent as a separate (individual attachments) e-mail. You can also mail a CD of images and information to PSAC, P.O. Box 533, Pagosa Springs, Colorado 81147. Deadline is at least two weeks prior to event. We would love to hear from you regarding suggestions for Artsline. Events in surrounding areas will be included when deemed of interest to our readers.


The Wine Whisperer

By Laura Winzeler

PREVIEW Columnist

No column this week.


Tasting Notes

Forget the 'bridge wines' - try rosé

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

We stood behind the bar, Claus in a white chef's jacket and white apron, me in a pressed and starched white shirt, black pants and long white apron. He was the chef and owner, I was his headwaiter, and together we glared at the patron sitting on the opposite said of the bar. He was groveling. We were not amused.

"Please," the man whimpered, "If I buy my own bottle and bring it in, will you keep it in the cooler so I can have a glass when I come in to eat?"

I shot a steely-eyed stare down over the top of my glasses.

"No," I replied.

Claus shook his head.

"Absolutely not. Sorry."

"C'mon guys. What if you order me a case from your wholesaler? I'll buy the whole thing and I'll even pay extra if you let me keep it here. I just want a glass of white zinfandel with my dinner."

"No," I repeated.

We'd been through this before, and Claus explained our well-established, "no-white-zinfandel-in-the-restaurant policy." We didn't serve sodas, Kool-Aid, or hummingbird nectar and we weren't about to start serving white zinfandel, which, one could argue, might be an appropriate substitute for all of the above.

Our patron quit groveling.

In fact, he was now fuming, and decided he didn't like the Kir Royale we'd prepared as an alternative, nor was he in the mood for dinner, and he pushed his champagne glass roughly across the bar. He was going somewhere where he could have an ice-cold glass of Corbett Canyon White Zinfandel - his personal favorite in the 1.5 liter bottle - and he stormed out.

Claus and I turned to each other and shrugged. We agreed we had probably lost a customer, but the restaurant was about great food complemented by great wine, and on this principle we would not compromise— we would educate, we would offer alternatives, but we would not serve white zinfandel - end of discussion.

Years later, in another restaurant with an all-French wine list and a policy of not pandering to the palates of those who could move comfortably between Dr. Pepper and white zinfandel with Lapin Dijonnaise - read, "no white zinfandel on the wine list" - something similar occurred. A customer came in and requested a bottle of white merlot. The waiter, who shall remain unnamed, burst out laughing.

"White merlot?" I heard him say from across the room.

"That's impossible, that's an oxymoron."

This time, it was the customer who was not amused, and later in the week, we received a hate-letter jammed into the neck of an empty bottle of white merlot - Beringer, vintage 2004.

I unfolded the paper, scanned the typed message, then passed it to my colleague - the perpetrator of the loathsome act. As a lesson in customer service, we agreed, one should never laugh openly at a customer's request, no matter how outlandish, and I tossed the letter in the trash. The most intriguing part of the correspondence was not the content of the letter, but the letter's package.

Like two Cro-Magnon men upon the discovery of fire, we held the Beringer bottle at arm's length and scanned the label's print, seeking revelation. We furrowed our brows, grunted and scratched, and pondered the meaning and the mystery of the juice that had once lived inside the glass. Because we worked with a French-only list, we had not been subjected to an army of sales reps armed with the latest and greatest Napa Valley marketing ploys and in short, were totally ignorant of the "white merlot craze."

After a quick analysis, we concluded white merlot must have been the brainchild of some Napa marketing executive charged with the task of unloading gallons of otherwise unworthy juice, made from lackluster, high yield fruit onto a gullible and unsophisticated clientele. The key was to dress up the substandard juice in a new and exciting package, and, the logic went, if white zinfandel worked well, then, considering America's non-stop love affair with merlot and its insatiable thirst for soda pop, white merlot should be a killer. Unfortunately, the Kool-Aid-like stuff offered by scores of unabashed wine makers, bears little resemblance to the wines on which the domestic product is said to have been inspired.

White zinfandel and white merlot are both homegrown versions of an Old World wine style, known in France as rosé or blanc de noir. True to the old world tradition, white zinfandel initially adopted the rosé moniker, however, the nomenclature has evolved and now rosé and "blush" are used interchangeably for domestic juice.

Like their Old World relatives, colors of white zinfandel and white merlot are created by removing the grape skins from the juice soon after the grapes are pressed - although, some New World producers blend white and red wines to create "blush." Color is where the resemblance between the Old and New World versions end.

Contrary to what many U.S. winemakers might like the consumer to believe, white zinfandel and white merlot are not made from the cream of the merlot or zinfandel crop; they are not crafted with artisanal intent, and are undoubtedly made from the surplus harvest of the vineyard. And this is a drastically different approach to winemaking when compared to the world-renowned rosés of Tavel and Anjou. Whereas enthusiasts around the world covet rosé from either appellation, when was the last time you read about a particularly collectible bottle of white merlot? It doesn't happen, although the French can be just as derelict in their rosé winemaking as their New World counterparts, and I have tasted French rosé made from pinot noir, grenache and merlot that could peel paint and clean chrome as well as any of North America's worst juice. This just proves that bad wine can be found from all parts of the globe.

Generally speaking, rosé is quaffing wine. They are made to quench one's thirst and make a perfect compromise between white and red. They are ideal for salads, grilled chicken and salmon, and they often show best with Provençal cuisine. The finest examples of the style stand alone as testaments to a legacy of fine, Old World winemaking.

In the case of white zinfandel or white merlot, they are often called "bridge wines," wines crafted, in part, to wean the drinker off soda pop and into the world of wine. However, because I've never been one for weaning, I suggest taking the plunge, and exploring the world of true rosé or at least drinking a sweet wine of merit and stature. Here are a few recommendations.

The appellation of Tavel, southwest of Châteauneuf-du-Pape in France's southern Rhône region, makes only dry, full-bodied rosé from grenache and cinsaut. The wines of Tavel enjoy an international reputation and are widely regarded as the best rosés of France. The second premier French rosé region lies in the central Loire valley near the city of Angers and a wine producing area known as Anjou-Saumur. Among its best known offerings is Rosé d'Anjou, a pale pink, slightly sweet wine made from a blend of malbec, gamay and groslot.

For those that just can't kick their sugar habit, the central Loire is also home to the chenin blanc-based white wines of Vouvray. And although wines from Vouvray are not all sweet - they range in style from very sweet to bone dry - they boast supple textures, good acidity and complex honeyed almond notes. A knowledgeable salesperson at a reputable wine shop can help one locate a Vouvray style that fits their palette. Kir Royale - crème de cassis and champagne - makes for a bubbly, subtly sweet alternative to white zinfandel or white merlot, as does a simple Champagne sec or demi sec.

And finally, for those who just can't get out of their white merlot and white zinfandel ruts, the options are virtually limitless. You can join Beringer's "White Zinfandel and Friends Club" with regular, six-bottle shipments of all your favorites, such as: white zinfandel, white merlot, sparkling white zinfandel, white zinfandel and chardonnay from their premier vineyard selection and much, much more. For those who like to shop locally, Colorado's own Whitewater Hill White Merlot is "100 percent ultra ripe, Colorado-grown merlot fruit, with 13.8 percent alcohol and 2 percent residual sugar" - a smoking value at $12 a bottle. And lastly for those who just can't get enough of the stuff, visit for the 2005 Forest Glen White Merlot, strawberry Jell-O recipe. Tasting notes found after the recipe say, "I can't tell you how luscious and juicy and strawberry-licious this gelatin tastes."

It must be the vintage.


Food for Thought

By Karl Isberg

No column this week.


Extension Viewpoints

Livestock auction purchases delivered Sunday

By Bill Nobles

Sept. 7 - 7 p.m., Shady Pine Club meeting.

Sept. 8 - 2 p.m., Colorado Kids Club meeting.

Sept. 10 - 11 a.m.-1 p.m., Livestock Auction purchase delivery.

Sept. 12 - 6 p.m., Rocky Mountain Rider Club meeting.

Sept. 13 - 6:30 p.m., Pagosa Peaks Club meeting.

Livestock Auction pick-up

San Juan Meats of Kirtland, N.M., will deliver livestock auction buyer purchases on Sunday, Sept. 10, from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. at the Archuleta County Fairgrounds. Buyers wanting to pick up their products at the Kirtland facility will need to call and make personal arrangements to do so if they have not already been made. Contact the Extension Office at 264-5931 for more information.

Seed mix orders

The San Juan Conservation District is offering local landowners the opportunity to purchase a variety of seed mixtures for different conservation uses such as erosion control, weed suppression and grazing land improvement.

These mixtures have been specially developed to provide a ground cover that requires very little watering. Consider these mixes for establishing vegetation around newly constructed homes or for improving pasture condition. A Native Grass Mixture, Dryland Pasture Mix, Native Wildflower Mix and, new this year, a Wildlife Mix, are available. Erosion control blankets are also being offered.

Orders are being taken until Sept. 15. The seed will be available to pick up Oct. 3.

Need an order form? Contact the San Juan CD at 731-3615 or stop by the office at 505A CR 600 (Piedra Road, next to Piedra Automotive).

4-H Achievement Night

4-Hers and family should make plans to attend this year's 4-H Achievement Night to be held at 6 p.m. Friday, Sept. 22. We are very excited to be holding this event in the newly remodeled Exhibit Hall.

The Extension Office will provide the main dish and 4-H families need to check the 4-H Flash to determine what items they will bring.


Pagosa Lakes News

When leaves turn color

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

I have been watching the leaves on the aspen outside my dining room window. This morning, I detected a hint of yellow; and lately it has been difficult getting myself pumped for a 6 a.m. run when it's still dark outside. I've put away the running shorts and T-shirts, relegated them to the back of the closet, and moved the tights and sweatshirts front and center.

Soon nature's flashy display of fall will follow. The yellows, oranges and reds are my favorite colors making the next couple of months my top season of the year. When the leaves fall and the colors are gone, I start to get impatient for the whiteness of winter.

Most people think leaf loss follows from cold weather. Yet really, it's more a matter of light, which gets scarce and less intense as long summer days shorten into crisp fall quickies. Even in warmer climates, deciduous trees tend to lose their leaves as the summer sun gives way to the harvest moon.

For the trees, the reason is simple: less sunlight means less photosynthesis, less photosynthesis means less sugary-sweet food, and less sugary-sweet food means the party is over it's time to shed the costly costume (those energy-sapping leaves) and sleep until spring.

Trees love their photosynthesis. And what's not to love? Given only water and carbon dioxide, green plants can convert sunlight into chemical energy. The key is a cool chemical called chlorophyll, which is also the pigment that makes plants green most of the time.

The key players in the literally life-giving photosynthetic process are chlorophyll, carbon dioxide, water and sunlight. Take any of these four players away, and photosynthesis will cease. And that's roughly what happens every fall. As the duration and intensity of daily sunlight decreases, photosynthesis in the leaves of deciduous trees slow down, and the leaves produce less and less of the sugary-sweet food their trees need to stay healthy and keep growing. What's worse, as the productivity drops, the leaves threaten to become a serious liability for the trees. Since they're thin and full of water, leaves are liable to freeze, potentially damaging the flesh of the trees. Better for the trees to drop their leaves, go dormant, and wait until the springtime sun is ready to fire up photosynthesis again.

When does the foliage fireworks begin? Once the trees decide to go dormant. The trees have no more reason to produce gloriously green, sun-sopping chlorophyll. And as the trees produce less chlorophyll, carotene pigments (like the ones that give carrots their color) become visible in the leaves, turning them orange or yellow. Leaves contain carotene pigments all year, but during the spring and summer months the constant creation of chlorophyll overwhelms the carotene color.

What about the reds and the purples? In some trees, other pigments, called anthocyanins, form when sugar is still being produced in the leaves but can no longer flow to the tree (usually when there's been a series of warm and sunny days followed by cool but not freezing nights). Anthocyanins, which give cranberries, cherries and strawberries their color, turn the leaves red or even purple.

Eventually, as the trees go dormant, the veins that carry sap to and from their leaves close off, and a layer of cells separating leaf stem from branch begins to form. Once this "separation layer" is complete, the leaf is effectively severed from the flesh of the tree. It soon falls, not to be replaced until spring, when the trees sense sunny days again.

This morning (Tuesday), I saw a young student waiting for the school bus. I wish him, and all the students and teachers, many sunny days ahead as they enter yet another school year. My thanks go out to the individuals and organizations that have made it possible for students to return to school with the needed supplies.



Jaiden Manuel Martinez

Timmy and Marissa Martinez are pleased to announce the birth of their baby boy, Jaiden Manuel Martinez, who was born Aug. 30, 2006. He weighed seven pounds, 3.8 ounces and was 19.5 inches long. The proud grandparents are Lawrence and Kim Martinez, Mike and Liz Marchand and Peter and Colleen Procopio, along with aunts Kristi, Mana, Mikaela and uncle Austin.


Monique Nicole Young-Martinez

Crystal Young and Tommy Martinez would like to announce the birth of their beautiful daughter, Monique Nicole Young-Martinez, born at 3:48 a.m. on Aug. 31, 2006. She weighed five pounds, 12 ounces and is 18 1/2 inches long. Maternal grandparents are Shana Young and Tom Gawdun; paternal grandparents are Tommy and Juanita Martinez.



Charlie Martinez

Joseph Charlie Martinez passed away on Aug. 22, 2006, in Denver, Colorado. He was born on April 23, 1932, in Old Town San Diego, California.

Surviving family include daughter Leona Martinez, brother John Martinez from San Diego, Calif., sister Alice T. Romero/Shoberg. He will be missed by all who loved him. He was highly respected in his field. Outdoor life was his love.

Friends and family will all miss his love and respect of life. God bless his heart.


Richard Simms

Richard Roe Simms, age 90, a resident of Albuquerque, N.M., passed away on Aug. 31, 2006. Richard is survived by his son, Richard W. Simms and wife Barbara of Estancia; his daughter, Mary S. Schutz and husband Don of Wagon Mound; four grandsons: Jay Simms and wife Penny, of Flower Mound, Texas; Matthew Simms and wife Kristen, of Davie, Fla.; Mike Schutz and wife, Robyn, of Bellevue, Wash.; and Steve Schutz, of Renton, Wash.; three great-granddaughters and one great-grandson. Richard is also survived by his brother, Dr. David Simms and wife Betty Lou, his sisters May Denham and husband Roy, and Margery Miller, as well as numerous nieces and nephews. Richard was preceded in death by his wife, Cecelia Wirt Simms, and brothers D. Harper Simms and Dr. Donald Simms.

Richard, the son of Rev. J. Denton Simms and May Harper Simms, was born in Dulce, N.M., Sept. 27, 1915. After receiving a B.A. degree from UNM, Richard married his childhood sweetheart, Cecelia, and together they ranched in Chromo, Colo., Edgewood, Logan, Wagon Mound, and Truth or Consequences. Richard will be remembered for his love of people, stories, and music, his sense of humor and quick mind.

Cremation has taken place. Memorial services will be held Saturday, Sept. 9, at 2 p.m., at the Immanuel Presbyterian Church, located at 114 Carlisle Blvd. SE, in Albuquerque. Memorial contributions may be made in his name to Immanuel Presbyterian Church, 114 Carlisle Blvd. SE, Albuquerque, NM 87106.


Azariah Marquez

Our Heavenly Father has called back our little prince, Azariah Jude Marquez, on Sept. 5, 2006. Azariah is survived by his parents Jeff Kelley and June Marquez; siblings Zachary Kelley, Eli Velasquez, Marcus Rivas, Naquita Rivas and Colby Willes; and grand parents Nancy Marks of Orem, Utah, and Ed Marquez of Arboles, Colo. A graveside service will be held at 11 a.m. at New Rosa Cemetery, and dinner will follow at St. Peter-St. Rosa Catholic Church in Arboles, Colo. on Saturday, Aug. 9.


 Business News

Chamber News

Club 20: 'Voice of the Western Slope'

Archuleta County representatives to Club 20, J.R. Ford and I, will attend the organization's fall conference Sept. 8 and 9.

Club 20's mantra is "The Voice of the Western Slope." It was originally formed in the early 1950s when a group of Western Slope community leaders wanted to get some highways paved. Working together, they ultimately were successful in increasing the Western Slope's share of the state highway budget from 10 to 37 percent in about three years. Club 20 was reflective of the collective involvement of the 20 counties (at the time) west of the Continental Divide. The name was also chosen because of its brevity and so it would fit in newspaper headlines and attract better press coverage.

Today, Club 20 is comprised of 22 counties and the Ute Mountain Tribe. It includes hundreds of individuals, businesses, towns, counties and other organizations on the Western Slope. It focuses on issues that affect the Western Slope and encourages involvement from all who share an interest in promoting a better quality of life for western Colorado.

The group currently has about 11 policy subcommittees including health care, telecommunications, agriculture, energy, public land, water, tourism and transportation.

With 2006 being an election year, this meeting will be wall to wall with state and regional candidates. Senators, congressman and even the gubernatorial candidates will be in attendance to answer panel questions and try, in a very short period of time, to give a synopsis of their positions. It will be an interesting conference with so many candidates in one place, jockeying for support.

Each seasonal meeting tries to focus on a main topic. The last meeting concentrated on meth abuse and what some of the counties are doing to try to combat the problem, and some of the lessons learned.

In 2007, there will be an Archuleta County membership meeting. We will post announcements as to the date, place and time. If anyone is interested in finding out more about Club 20, you can contact me or attend the meeting next year.

"The Voice of the Western Slope" continues to try and move some of the focus from the Front Range to the needs of our area. Archuleta County is proud to be a member of this organization and participate in solving some of the issues that face the more rural parts of Colorado.

Savvy Days

This is a reminder to the community that this weekend Parelli Natural Horse-Man-Ship will be conducting the annual Parelli Savvy Days. This event brings thousands of horse enthusiasts to town.

Restaurants: make sure you are well staffed and have lots of food on hand. The participants will be busy during the day, but in the evenings everyone will need to eat.

Locals: If you decide to go out to eat, you may experience a wait. Please be patient.

This event is great for our community as many of our lodging establishments, restaurants and retailers reap the benefits.

Have a great weekend and get savvy!

Colorfest activities

Three days of fun and color will fill the parks and skies, as Colorfest activities take place in Pagosa Springs.

In addition to two days with a mass ascension of the hot air balloons and two days of an art show in Town Park, there will be other events each day.

On Friday evening, there will be the community picnic sponsored by the Knights of Columbus: "Beer, Brats, and Balloons."

Great food, a balloon pilot reception and beer provided by Ska Brewing will be on tap 5 to 8 p.m. Tickets are only $6 per person for the picnic dinner; a cash bar will be available. You can purchase admission tickets at the Chamber.

Following the picnic, there will be a Colorfest dance at the community center. The High Rollers will be performing live, 7-11 p.m. Tickets for this event are $12 in advance and $15 at the door and are available at the Chamber, the community center and WolfTracks. There will be light snacks and a cash bar at this event, as well.

On Saturday, Sept. 16, The Springs Resort will be donating 10 percent of their admission ticket sales to United Way. On this day only, come in and soak and, while you relax, know that your soaking efforts are going to the betterment of one of the many worthwhile organizations in this community, like Seeds of Learning, the Education Center or the Victim's Assistance Program. Head on down to the mass ascension in town, stay downtown and shop, eat or soak, and then get ready for the big evening festivities.

Starting at 6 p.m. in Town Park, passports will be given out to tour the wines of six countries. Wines from Spain, Portugal, the Northwest United States, South Africa, and regions from Germany and France will be offered, along with complementary foods from these areas.

Rain or shine, participants will be sheltered under a large tent in Town Park. If the weather is perfect, head to the garden area outside the tent and enjoy the season, the food and the wine.

At dusk, enjoy a balloon glow located on the athletic field across from Town Park.

You must apply for a passport at the Chamber where the processing fee will be $30. If you need an emergency passport at the door, the expediting charge will be $35. John Graves will again provide some great entertainment to complete this magical evening.

On Sunday, the Colorado Springs Corvette Club will be back in town for their sixth annual car show. After mass ascension you can go to Bell Tower Park where awesome Corvettes of all generations will be on display 10 a.m.-2 p.m. While you are down there, make sure you vote for one of the cars for the People's Choice award.

After touring the cars, move down to JJ's Riverwalk for a champagne brunch. The brunch begins at 11 a.m. and the menu will consist of three courses and sparkling wines. Last year's menu was superb, so we can't wait to see what they design for us this year. Tickets for this event are also $30 and may be obtained at the Chamber.

Do all your one-stop shopping for Colorfest activity tickets at the Chamber this year and make your life easy! Colorfest is a fun way to enjoy your community. There is an event for everyone, so partake of at least one or two. If there are any questions, contact the Chamber at 264-2360.

Library book sale

The Sisson Library will host the annual book sale Saturday at the County Extension Building. Come out and get some great deals on books. Plan ahead for all that reading time this winter.

Conservation district

Winter seed, native grass mixture, dryland pasture mix, native wildflower mix and wildlife mix are all available at the San Juan Conservation District office at 505 A Piedra Road. These grasses may be used for conservation uses such as erosion control, weed suppression, and grazing land improvement. They have been specially developed to provide a ground cover that requires very little watering. You can place your orders until Sept. 15. Don't wait too long. For more information, call 731-3615.


Two new members join the ranks this week starting with Gotcha Covered with Darlene Peterson. Gotcha Covered provides interior design services including window coverings and custom valances. To see if Darlene can get you that fabric and look for your special room, call 264-5119. We thank Toby and Renae Karlquist at KK Paddywacks for referring Darlene to the Chamber.

And, welcome to the School to Work Alliance Program (SWAP) under the guidance of Chrys Figliolino. SWAP helps local businesses while helping young adults gain job skills. SWAP's goal is to provide our local business community with a source of entry level employees, 16-25 years old, who are job ready, while increasing employment opportunities for SWAP participants. This terrific program can be accessed by calling Chrys at 769-2186. See if this useful organization can help you fill some job openings.

Moving over to renewals, we have Be Our Guest, A Bed & Breakfast /Guesthouse; All Season Lake Lodge; Plaza Liquor; Naturally Yours market; Contract Management Design & Build; Growing Spaces; Alco; FolkWest; Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish; and The Colorado Workforce Center.

Get ready for the change of seasons and the fun-filled Colorfest weekend. Get your tickets for visiting family and friends at the Chamber.


Biz Beat

No article this week.



Cards of Thanks

Archuleta County

The Archuleta County Board of County Commissioners and Archuleta County Sheriff's Department would like to extend a huge thank you to all of the people and businesses who responded to our courthouse emergency waterline break and flooding incident. Your quick response and professionalism enabled staff to evacuate the facility and ascertain the extent of potential damage with limited disruption to County business. We would especially like to thank the Archuleta County volunteers, Mountain Express who changed their schedule to accommodate transfer of prisoners, Mile High Plumbing, Cool Water Plumbing and the structural engineering firm Sundale Associates.



Dear St. Jude,

Thank you for hearing and answering our payers. Your Novena has never been known to fail.

Lauren McDonald



Edward Norman and Marianne Calvanese offer our gratitude to the Pagosa community for the opportunity to provide it with natural medical care for the past four years. We are relocating to Austin, Texas, and invite everyone to a potluck open house at our home, 497 Far View on Saturday, Sept. 16, noon until dark. Thank you and may all God's love surround you.


Humane society

The Humane Society of Pagosa Springs would like to thank all of the incredible supporters and volunteers who helped to make the 12th annual Auction for the Animals a great success! Over 130 people volunteered. Thanks to those who have helped out for many years and those who joined us for the first time this year. We especially thank Charlotte Overley for the months of work that she gave. Thank you so much for helping out the animals.


Knights of Columbus

The Knights of Columbus wish to thank the following businesses for their donations to the benefit spaghetti dinner on Aug. 26: Alley House Grill, City Market, Daylight Donuts, Design A Sign, Farrago Market Cafe, KWUF Radio, Old West Press, Pagosa Bar, Pagosa SUN and Victoria's Parlor.

Yours and other individuals' help was greatly appreciated.



My youngest son's recent passing was a difficult time for me and the many family members and friends who loved "Mikey" (Michael Isaac Maestas). It is tough for me to express the many emotions I've experienced since his passing, but it is important for me to express my sincere gratitude to all of Mikey's friends and to everyone in the community of Pagosa Springs for their support. Your kindness and generosity made a very real difference and I pray that you are blessed in the same manner that your actions blessed me and all of Mikey's extended family.

I would like to acknowledge Father Carlos Alvarez; Coach Dan Janowski; the Deacons and Guadalupanas of Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church; Knights of Columbus; City Market; Principal Hamilton and staff at Pagosa Springs High School; Pagosa Springs Police Department; and the many generous individuals who donated food. And to everyone who took time to be with us during the services - your support is greatly appreciated.

The families of Chase Regester and Travis Stahr are also in my thoughts.

Mikey was a very special young man and he will be missed; but there is no doubt in my mind that the special moment, or moments, he shared in your life will keep his memory and spirit alive in our hearts forever.


Michael Anthony Maestas



There has been so much love and caring the last few weeks, it is unbelievable. Pagosa Springs is still a small town that comes together when families are in need.

Mikey, Chase and Travis' families would like to thank the kids who had the picture and donation booth at the fair and also held the dance and auction. They would also like to thank the Knights of Columbus for the spaghetti dinner. We cannot forget the donations coming into the boys' accounts at Citizens Bank.

Thank you,

The Regester, Shelton and Stahr families



Chase's family would like to thank all our friends and relatives for the affection, food, prayers and donations that have been extended to us.

Thanks to the Pagosa Springs Enterprises for letting us use the rodeo grounds, chairs, facilities and the PA system.

Thanks to the Extension Office for letting us use the tables and chairs.

Thanks to the church choir for providing the PA system for the mass, as well as their beautiful music.

Thanks to all the neighbors, friends and relatives who worked so hard providing us with a delicious meal, beautiful table settings, and loving atmosphere for our traditional family meal.

Thanks to all the team ropers who participated in our memorial roping. Mick Holf for cattle, Duwayne Shahan for cattle, Cody Fahrion for cattle and the electric eye at the roping box.

Thanks to all the people who helped put on the roping. Also, thank the mounted rangers.

It turned out just the way we wanted it to for showing a special tribute to our cowboy who loved out-of-doors, animals and roping. Thanks everyone, thanks.

A special thanks to Bob and Betty Lindner for their very generous scholarship donations in Chase's name.

Tiger Regester



No weddings this week.





The parents of Lindsey Purnell, of Tulsa, Okla., and Micah Maberry of Pagosa Springs, are pleased to announce the engagement and upcoming wedding of their daughter and son.

The couple will be married in Pagosa Oct. 7, and will continue to make their home here.



No anniversaries this week.



No locals this week.


Sports Page

Pirates beat Farmington 3-0, head for Alamosa

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

One, two, three, and out.

And only one of them close.

Pagosa's 3-0 win over Farmington Tuesday marked the start of the home volleyball season and gave the Pirates a chance to improve their game and get well, following a less-than-auspicious match at Cortez Friday.

Several aspects of Pagosa's game were markedly better against the Scorpions and none more so than the offense at the net. Where effective hitting was largely absent in the opener, it came from several sources in the match against Farmington, won by the Pirates 25-8, 27-25, 25-13.

And, if the Pirates were ever in trouble, or the games close, it was, in general, their own fault.

The first game of the match was the proverbial breeze and early in the game it became apparent that junior outside hitter Camille Rand was primed and ready to go on the attack. With her team ahead 6-2, Rand crushed the ball from the strong side three times in a run to 11-3. A circus of errors on both sides followed before Kim Fulmer, also attacking from outside, put a ball off a Scorp's finger keeping her team in the lead 14-6.

Farmington gave up point after point with sloppy play and, with an ace by Kim Canty, Pagosa was ahead 20-7. The Pirates made a donation of a point with a ball hit out, then went on a five-point run to take the game.

The first point came on a Scorpion hitting error. Alaina Garman stepped up on the right side nailing a kill then crushing a put-back. Iris Frye hit an ace and Garman ended it with a kill.

The teams stayed tight throughout the second game, with a five-point Pirate lead near game's end the largest advantage for either team.

Senior middle Jennifer Haynes started the game with three spectacular blocks on the first exchange and a point on a short set, hit from the middle. Rand slammed an overpass and the teams tied 3-3. Pagosa gave away numerous points with sloppy play, as did Farmington and Garman tied the game again at 9-9. The teams tied at 11 and Garman tied it at 12. Rand put her team ahead 14-13; Farmington tied it, then gave up a point with a serve error.

Danielle Spencer came through with three consecutive points to put Pagosa in front 18-14 - the first on a kill off a quick set, the second with a kill off the pass, the third with a tip.

Fulmer killed off the block then stuffed a Scorpion attack for a point and Pagosa was up 21-16. Each team then played poorly and gave up points. A Pagosa serve error - one of five in the game - pulled the Scorpions to within three at 23-20. A Scorp hit fell inside the block, but Haynes responded with a 1. The Scorps scored with a stuff and got a point with a Pirate over the net. An ace tied the game at 24-24.

An attempted tip was stuffed by the Farmington middle and the visitors had game point, 25-24.

But Pagosa did not fold.

Rand tied the score with a kill inside the block.

Rand scored with a point out of bounds off the block.

A Farmington net violation gave the game to the home team, 27-25.

Farmington had its biggest lead of the evening at the outset of the third game, 5-0. Helped by a successful back-row attack by Frye, Pagosa crept back to trail 6-2, then, with four charity points from the Scorps and a kill by Rand, the Pirates were up 7-6. The game stayed close, however, with ties at 7-7, 8-8 and 9-9 - the final tie coming on an ace by Erin Gabel.

That was all she wrote for Farmington.

The Scorps gave away a point with a hitting error; Lacy Jones stuffed for a point; Canty scored with a sweep off the pass; Farmington lost a point on a lift and committed two passing errors. Jones hit a 1, Rand hit an ace and Pagosa was in front 17-9.

On the way to the 25-13 final, Pagosa got earned points on an ace by Jones, a kill by Frye off the block from outside, a put-back by Garman, and an ace down the line by Frye.

At night's end, Rand led the team in kills with eight, followed by Garman with six. Canty had 33 assists in the match; Frye and Canty each hit three ace serves; Haynes had three solo blocks, Fulmer two.

Coach Andy Rice called the victory, "a step in the right direction. Holding them to eight in the first game means we weren't making a lot of mistakes - though we gave them all their points. In the second game, we let down, due to little mental errors. We can't tense up when we make a mistake, we need to play point by point. Versus a good team, if you make a few errors and get tense, the match is one-one."

Rice noted the bright spots in his team's play. "Our pursuit was the best I've seen. Iris (Frye) went off court, almost to the door of the gym to get a ball and Mariah (libero Mariah Howell) dove to get a ball and keep it in play. And Camille (Rand) is finally taking the big approach, flying into the ball. It was a good game for our confidence level."

Now 1-1, the Pirates head for the Alamosa Tournament Saturday. Due to CHSAA limits, the Pirates can play only three games at the tourney, which includes Alamosa, Fruita-Monument, Centauri, Salida, Bayfield, Monte Vista, Sangre de Cristo and Center. The only match set at press time is the 9 a.m. opener against Alamosa.


The jinx continues, Pirates lose to Cortez

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

The evening began well.

With a Pagosa win in the first game of the season-opener at Cortez it seemed a recent losing trend against the 4A foe might end.

From there, however, things went down hill, with the Pirates leaving town on the losing end of a 3-1 score.

Pagosa never trailed in the first game of the match, going out to an 11-4 advantage following the first point of the new season - a kill from senior Jennifer Haynes on a short set to the middle.

Haynes scored again with a stuff and the Pirates got earned points from right-side hitter Alaina Garman (who would be the most productive and consistent Pirate on offense during the match) and a tandem stuff block by Danielle Spencer and Camille Rand.

Cortez was generous during the 11-point run, giving up six of the points with hitting and serve errors.

Haynes hit for a point to the back corner of the court and it appeared the Panthers could not adjust to the Pirate attack from the middle.

The teams continued to trade points, each squad looking a bit rusty and nervous, each giving up numerous points on errors. Garman hit from the right side, Spencer crunched a 1 in the middle and a flurry of Panther mistakes put the Pirates up 19-15.

The Panthers went to the tip in the latter part of the game; Iris Frye responded with a big hit from the strong side.

Cortez began to get more in the flow, tipping and hitting for points, but Haynes responded with a stuff.

Pagosa went on to the 25-21 win courtesy four Panther errors and a roll shot by Rand that found floor at mid court.

The teams stayed close throughout the second game of the match, with Pagosa's play noticeably disjointed. Cortez finally figured a way to defend the middle and began to put together runs of three or more points at a time - a pattern that would continue, and grow, to match's end.

The teams tied at 7-7, Pagosa getting earned points from Rand with a hit inside the block, Garman again from the right side, Spencer with a block. Behind 11-8, the Pirates tied it with a stuff by Haynes and two mistakes on the Cortez side of the net.

Pagosa took a brief lead as Haynes and Garman teamed for a block, but the Panthers put together four straight points before giving up a score with a passing error. Haynes hit a 1 and Pagosa was down 15-14. The score went back and forth to 20-20 with the Pirates getting points on a tip by Rand and an attack from the middle by Spencer.

Cortez took a 22-20 lead, Spencer hit a short set to the sideline and Kim Canty scored with a sweep off the pass to tie the game again, 22-22.

A great rally ended with a line fault by the Panthers but the Cortez outside attack hit clear of the blocks to tie the game, 23-23.

Pagosa had game point, 24-23, after Kim Fulmer scored with a roll shot, but Pagosa could not put it away. A Panther hit went down off the block and a setting and hitting error on Pagosa's side of the net gave the hosts the game, 25-23.

The Pirates charged out of the blocks in game three, beginning with a successful swing by Spencer. Pagosa took a convincing 9-3 lead, getting three kills from Garman and a point on a tandem block by Garman and Haynes. Then, the Panthers managed a run of four points. Haynes nailed a swing, but the Panthers managed a four-point run to take a lead. Rand hit cross-court, Garman scored with a tip, but the Pirates committed two of a worrisome number of serve errors and Cortez went ahead 19-14

Pagosa then had its chance - scoring six consecutive points with earned points on a kill by Haynes and a tip by Erin Gabel.

The opportunity fizzled as the Panthers put together seven straight points, six of them courtesy Pirate errors. The hosts had the game, 25-21.

Cortez never trailed in the fourth and deciding game.

Down 15-7, the Pirates rallied to pull within two, at 18-16 - but, again, a multi-point run by the hosts brought the surge to a halt. The Panthers went in front, 21-16, but Pagosa rallied again with a point on a tip by Spencer and an ace by Rand. Cortez killed for a point from outside but a Panther was called over the net. Haynes stuffed a Cortez hitter and Pagosa trailed, 22-20. A Panther hit went down inside the Pirate block; a Pirate attack went out and a receive error on Pagosa's side of the net gave game and match to Cortez, 25-20.

Some parts of the Pirates' game seemed in tune; others need work.

"It's a tough loss to swallow," said Coach Andy Rice. "We were older (Cortez started four sophomores, Pagosa four seniors), but, of course, considering our age, we don't have all that much varsity experience. I have to tell you, though, it was one of the best passing efforts I've seen in eight years of coaching at this age level - boys and girls. The problems were technical. We got the passes, but we just weren't putting the ball away. We need to boost our outside hitting percentage. And we need to cut down on overall errors. We had leads throughout the match and gave away over half of Cortez's total points."

Garman led the way for Pagosa on offense, with 10 kills. Canty had 19 assists and Rand hit two aces. Haynes was credited with three solo blocks on defense.


Walsh wins Bayfield race, boys and girls second among teams

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Pagosa boys' and girls' cross country teams came in second out of seven at the Bayfield Invitational Saturday.

Runners faced tough hills on the Bayfield course but "had really good results," said Coach Scott Anderson.

Sophomore Jackson Walsh finished first among the boys with a run just under 19 minutes, beating Luke Ott of Cortez by a second. Travis Furman and Chase Moore also finished in the top 10.

The top finishers on the girls' team were Jaclyn Harms and Julia Adams, who claimed third and fourth places with times just over 23 minutes, about half a minute behind the winner.

Bayfield had the best team score in the boys' competition, while Kirtland Central won the girls' race.

Team scores are determined by adding the placings of the top four runners from a team. Bayfield's top four boy runners finished third, fourth, fifth and eighth, for a combined score of 20, compared to Pagosa's team score of 32.

Kirtland Central finished with a girls' team score of 23, while the top four Pagosa girls finished with another 32.

Each cross country course varies in layout and terrain, but each race is 5K, or about three miles.

Next week, the Pirates will compete in Aztec, N.M. at a lower elevation, with warmer temperatures.

Aztec will be another hill course, which will require runners to be patient and hold back until they reach the difficult climbs, said Anderson.

This should be good practice for later in the season, when runners attempt to qualify for state and need to be able to push it at the end of a race.

The Pirates will run again this Saturday morning in Durango. They will race the following Saturday on home turf, beginning at 9 a.m.


Pirate soccer loses two, start league play this week

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Despite individual talent and effort, Pirates soccer lost two games this week. Pagosa fell to Manitou Springs on the home pitch Saturday in its opening match, 3-0, and in its first away game at Cortez Tuesday, the team lost 5-1.

Against Manitou Springs, there was plenty of impressive play from the Pirate squad. Clayton King threatened the Mustangs with five shots on goal, Thomas Martinez had some exciting runs on goal, and keeper Michael Schmidt put in a determined effort, but when it counted, the Pirates did not come together as a team.

The Pirates seemed able to control the ball at midfield at will, but when it came to goals, they failed to convert. Similarly, the defense came up short at preventing Mustang shots.

Some mistakes will be outgrown as the season progresses, such as waiting too long before shots and playing the ball to a threatened center on defense. But what the Pirates most need to improve is their hustle as a team.

At many points in the game, the Pirates failed to run to the open field or claim the loose ball, surrendering possession to the Mustangs.

All three goals came when the defenders were beat or caught on their heels.

Manitou Springs drew first blood with 26 minutes left in the first half with a run on net. The first shot was blocked by Schmidt, only to be followed by a goal off the rebound.

The Mustangs scored again with 12 minutes left in the half, when Schmidt was left to face two attackers alone.

The final score came halfway through the second half with a shot amidst a crowd of Pirate defenders.

Michael Schmidt prevented more goals with 15 saves.

It was a similar story at Cortez.

According to Coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason, the Pirates "didn't defend as a team ... need to understand our function as a team."

Cortez came out to play quickly in both halves, scoring two goals in the first nine minutes of the game and another goal at the beginning of the second half.

The Pirates, on the other hand, took a while to get going, finding the net only in the 54th minute of the match.

Kurt-Mason said the game was physical, but clean. He attributed the Cortez win to better tactics and teamwork.

Like the game against Manitou Springs there was excellent individual play from the Pirates. Continuing to play with consistent skill, Caleb Ormonde had nine shots and scored the Pirates' only goal. He was assisted by Thomas Martinez, who had eight shots on goal. Goalie Felix Gutierez pulled in 14 saves.

The Pirates will play an important match tomorrow against league favorite Crested Butte, in an away game. Saturday, they will return home for a game against Ridgway at 11 a.m.


Pirates take it on the chin at Alamosa

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

A week after shutting out Bayfield, 34-0, it was the Pirates' turn to be stifled by the 3A Mean Moose of Alamosa, 51-0.

Alamosa was not only mean, but mad, after being beat by the Pirates 44-21 last season, for the first time in 20 years. Their determination not only brought a victory, but a blowout.

Alamosa gained 424 total yards from scrimmage, compared to the 89 yards gained by Pagosa. Senior Clay Garcia, Alamosa's star quarterback and college prospect, passed for 288 yards, five touchdowns and 13 completions on 18 attempts, all in the first half of play. Running back Jason Espinoza pulled in four of the touchdown passes, with 121 receiving yards.

Last season Garcia threw for over 3,000 yards and 32 touchdowns.

After the first half, Alamosa sidelined its key starters, in order to preserve them for its run at the playoffs. Alamosa is currently ranked No. 1 in the 3A division by multiple ranking bodies, despite being in a tough conference with Florence, Woodland Park and Harrison high schools.

The start of the game was promising for the Pirates, as they thwarted Alamosa's first drive. But almost before the Pirate offense could run a play, the game turned ugly. On the first snap of the game, the ball went over quarterback Jordan Shaffer's head and the Moose claimed a safety. On the following possession, Alamosa's offense took control and found the end zone for the first time in the game.

Over a span of 20 seconds, with about a minute to go in the first quarter, Alamosa scored two more touchdowns on a 15-yard pass and a fumble-recovery return. The defensive touchdown came after Shaffer, under pressure, threw an errant pitch out of the option.

The Pirate defense routinely forced Alamosa to convert on third and long, however, the Mean Moose made third-down conversions and long gains look easy.

A big difference between this year and last was the lack of pressure put on Garcia. Last year, the Pirate blitz forced five interceptions, while this year, the defense never reached the quarterback before he released the ball.

However, the mistakes and quick touchdowns in the first quarter might have been more to blame for the loss.

"The score snowballed on us," said Coach Sean O'Donnell.

O'Donnell took responsibility for the loss, putting the blame on coaching: "We didn't have the team prepared," he said.

After a lackluster week of practice, the Pirates missed blocks, tackles and coverage assignments, along with a handful of more glaring mistakes.

The team also lost mental focus as the game went on. After the disappointing first quarter, "some kids didn't try as hard," said O'Donnell.

It is hard to blame them, faced as they were by a stronger 3A team, on course to compete for the state title, with a quarterback bigger than many of the Pirate lineman.

According to O'Donnell, the lopsided defeat made apparent areas in need of improvement. The team is approaching this week as a good opportunity to fix those problems. O'Donnell said the coaches are focused on making gains every practice this week.

The Pirates will also need to play with determination if they are to beat Kirtland Central this Friday. Like Alamosa, Kirtland Central is in a higher division. The New Mexico school has an enrollment of about 1,000 students to develop a football team from.

O'Donnell said Kirtland's front lines are huge. If the Pirates miss blocks, it will take a toll on quarterback Shaffer and running back Eric Hurd. And the Pirates' 3-5-3 defense will have to be quick, smart and well-timed to avoid being smothered by Central's offensive line.

Kirtland Central has lost two games in a row and can be expected to come out looking for a change in fortunes.

Non-conference games, including those with Alamosa and Kirtland, do not count toward Pagosa's playoff aspirations. However, if the Pirates lose to Kirtland, starting a losing streak of their own, they could find themselves in a rut.

The home game begins at 7 p.m. at Golden Peaks Stadium.


Pirate golfers tackle tough Delta course

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

Four Pirate golfers teed off at Devil's Thumb Golf Club in Delta last Wednesday.

The course lived up to its name with its desolate par 72 landscape and elevation changes. According to Coach Mark Faber, it took his players six hours to complete a round.

The terrain also made for higher scores. Only five golfers out of 90 broke 80 .

Of the 19 teams competing, Pagosa finished in the middle at 10th place.

Clark Riedberger led the Pirates with a score of 84 and was joined by Joey Bergman (88), Cody Bahn (93) and Clay Vickers (99).

High school golfers will compete again next Monday in a tournament at Canon City, followed by the Rye Invitational on the Hollydot Golf Course.

Hollydot will also be the location of the regional tournament the following week, so it should be good practice for the Pirates.

According to Faber, "The tournaments are about trying to figure out who our top four kids are; they'll go to regionals."

About 120 golfers will compete at the regional tournament, and the top 14 will go on to state, as will the top two teams.

The state tournament will be held at Haymaker Golf Course in Steamboat Springs in October.


Pagosa women play annual Ryder Cup

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

Twenty-four members of the Pagosa Women's Golf Association played their second annual Ryder Cup Aug. 29.

All participants were divided evenly by handicaps into two teams - Red and Blue.

Each team partnered into six twosomes to compete against the opposing team in the following formats: Meadows, Match Play; the team who won the most holes outright was awarded one point. Pinon-Modified Stableford, where one point was awarded for a net bogey, two points for a net par, three points for a net birdie, and five points for a net eagle. The team with the most net points was awarded one point. Both teams played the Ponderosa course in an alternate shot format. Each twosome decided who was going to tee off on the first hole, and then played the entire nine, alternating each shot. The team with the best gross score was awarded one point. The maximum points any twosome could win was three.

Representing the Blue Team were Barbara Sanborn, Jane Day, Bev Hudson, Cindy Simpson, Josie Hummel, Audrey Johnson, Nancy Mackenson, Doe Stringer, Karen Carpenter, Toosje LaMoreaux, Claudia Johnson and Sharon Taub. Representing the Red Team were Lynne Allison, Marilyn Smart, Cherry O'Donnell, Kay McKee, Carrie Weisz, Loretta Campuzano, Lynn Mollet, Leslie Fluharty, Sue Martin, Robyn Alspach, Sally Bish and Pam Lloyd.

This year, the teams were very evenly matched. The final outcome was not determined until the last twosome from each team finished their final rounds and returned to the clubhouse. The Red Team rallied and tied the Blue Team - each team tallied nine points. What a day, what a tournament!

Tournament organizers, Julie Pressley and Carried Weisz, said, "Everyone really enjoyed the very close competition, the formats, the weather and the ice cream social after the tournament." They added, "Since this has become such a popular event, they plan to include it on the league schedule next year."

The association's 36-hole Club Championship is slated for Sept. 11-12. For more information, contact Carried Weisz at 731-2818.


Pagosa couples compete at Pinon Hills

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

Four Pagosa couples traveled to Farmington to compete in the annual Pinon Hills Fiesta Couples Tournament, Aug. 26-27.

It was a 36-hole event, and flighted according to handicap. The 50-couple field hailed from the Four Corners area, and played a best ball gross and net format the first day, and an eclectic format the second day. That is, if they improved upon their scores on the same holes the second day, they noted the new scores on their cards; if not, they simply "picked up" and continued their rounds.

Bev and John Hudson tied for the first net in the Championship Flight with a 61. Marilyn and Lee Smart captured first gross in the Third Flight with a 74. Marilyn also won the closest to the pin special event the first day on hole No. 15. Sue Martin and Rich Broom captured first net in the Fourth Flight with a 60. Also participating for Pagosa were Barbara and Ranza Boggess (nee Sanborn). Congratulations to all.

The Pagosa Women's Golf Association sent eight of its low handicap players to Hillcrest Golf Club in Durango for its team play event Aug. 31.

The Pagosa team of Lynne Allison, Marilyn Smart, Jane Day, Bonnie Hoover, Cherry O'Donnell, Josie Hummel, Audrey Johnson and Loretta Campuzano garnered 32 1/2 versus Dalton Ranch Golf Club. The team is currently in seventh place, and tees it up again Sept. 21 at Pinon Hills Golf Club.


Pagosa Springs Recreation

Youth soccer season is underway

By Tom Carosello

SUN Columnist

This year's youth soccer season kicked off last night at Pagosa Springs Elementary School with games in the 5-6 and 7-8 divisions.

Action continues tonight at the elementary school with teams in the 11-13 and 9-10 divisions taking the field.

Tonight's 11-13 division game pits Maroon vs. Navy at 5 p.m., while the contest in the 9-10 division features Maroon vs. Navy at 6:10 p.m.

The schedule for coming week includes:

- Sept. 9 at Town Park - Black 5-6 vs. Dulce at 9 a.m., Forest 5-6 vs. Dulce at 10:15 a.m., Black 7-8 vs. Dulce at 9 a.m. and Forest 7-8 vs. Dulce at 10:15 a.m.

- Sept. 9 at the elementary school - Black 9-10 vs. Dulce at 9 a.m., Royal 9-10 vs. Dulce at 10:15 a.m., Forest 11-13 vs. Dulce at 9 a.m. (upper field) and Orange 11-13 vs. Dulce at 10:20 a.m. (upper field).

- Sept. 11 - No games scheduled in the 5-6 division, while the 7-8 division contests at the elementary school feature Forest vs. Black at 5:20 p.m. and Navy vs. Maroon at 6:15 p.m.

- Sept. 12 - The 11-13 game pits Forest vs. Orange at 5 p.m. at the elementary school while Royal faces Black in the 9-10 contest at 6:10 p.m.

- Sept. 13 - All 5-6 teams should report to the elementary school fields at 5 p.m. to have pictures taken. After pictures are taken, Navy faces Black, Maroon plays Forest and Orange takes on Purple. Games in the 7-8 division at the elementary school include Red vs. Forest at 5:20 p.m. and Black vs. Orange at 6:15 p.m.

Teams which have not yet received uniforms will receive them immediately preceding their first scheduled games.

Schedules for all youth soccer divisions are updated on the sports hotline (264-6658) and posted on the recreation department link at

Picture day for 5-6 soccer division

Picture day for all players and coaches in the 5-6 soccer division is Wednesday, Sept. 13. Players and coaches should report to the elementary school at 5 p.m. for pictures; games in this division will be played as soon as possible afterward.


Horseshoe pitching at South Pagosa Park will continue each Tuesday from 5-7 p.m. through September.

From beginners to experts, everyone is welcome to play and improve. If there's enough interest, we'll hold a town tournament in October.

So remember to attend Tuesday-evening practice and pick-up games at South Pagosa Park's horseshoe courts, just north of the basketball courts.

Sports hotline

General information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department can be obtained by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to and going to the parks and recreation link.

All schedules and upcoming events are updated on a weekly basis. If you have questions or concerns, or need additional information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, call 264-4151, Ext. 232.



Growing up, not out

This past weekend drove home a point for us that has been taking shape for some time now: that Pagosa Country is evolving into a different place. Not in the obvious ways - population, demographics, economic base, development, actual and proposed.

In terms of culture. Or, to be more accurate, "culture."

As in food, arts, entertainment.

Anyone who has lived a lifetime here, or who has been here for more than a decade, can reflect on what the arts, entertainment and food "culture" was like in days of yore, and they will immediately note the difference.

What made the point clear was the final night of the Four Corners Folk Festival, Sunday, on Reservoir Hill, experiencing a crescendo of talent topped by the legendary Delbert McClinton, playing what is certifiable, American folk music - Texas roadhouse R and B - to a wildly ecstatic crowd. Crista Munro, Dan Appenzeller, and their crew once again provided a legion of music lovers with a world-class show. The festival, in its 11th year, has become one of the country's favorites - a venue for some of the finest musicians around, and an event providing a unique atmosphere for spectators and performers alike. Crista and Dan have put Pagosa on the entertainment map with the festival, and doubled their efforts this year with their first-ever Indiefest, in June. As a kicker, they plan a free event in Town Park later this month, bringing back Brave Combo, one of the big hits at Indiefest.

Other entertainers now frequent the area, some homegrown and some, like Knucka, seemingly on the way to bigger things. The community choir is as good as you'll find in any comparable area. Several establishments provide live music and what was once a one-trick pony, musicwise, has grown.

Music in the Mountains arrived in Pagosa Country several years ago, and the recently completed summer season again brought some of the finest classical music performers in the world to play at Boot Jack Ranch in what is an unparalleled environment, courtesy David and Carol Brown. The program also reaches out to local youngsters with programs and scholarships.

The dramatic arts continued forward this summer, with the creation of the Stage Under the Stars, work by Oteka Productions, and the premiere production of a musical by John Graves . The programs join Music Boosters, which has amped up its yearly schedule and is readying for the annual holiday production.

The visual arts are growing stronger, after decades of slumber. Relatively new, privately-owned galleries are showing high-quality art of all kinds: traditional and contemporary. Shows, in many cases, are drawing attention and acclaim from a distance. Shy Rabbit and Wild Spirit seek to provide local and visiting art lovers with the highest quality work, each with its own approach. Shy Rabbit has begun a series of educational programs and workshops to further the cause. The Pagosa Springs Arts Council continues to expand its workshop programs and exhibition schedule.

In terms of food, ask anyone who lived here 20 years ago about the restaurant options at the time. Not long ago, one could drive through Pagosa Country after 7 p.m. and be hard pressed to find a restaurant open, much less find food worthy of note. Now, restaurants abound, and most are open and ready for business when needed. The quality has improved beyond what anyone would have imagined 20 years ago. With new, higher-end development, the expectation is there will be additional restaurants offering the products of the culinary arts to patrons.

What it all means is Pagosa Country is growing up, not just out.

The place is changing, yes. But, when one turns attention to "culture" the changes are nothing but good.

Karl Isberg



Shari Pierce

90 years ago

Taken from SUN files of September 8, 1916

The P.O. department is again advertising for bids for carrying the mail once a week between Debs, in Hinsdale County, and Pagosa Springs, for the term from Oct. 16, 1916, to June 30, 1918. A bond of $600 will be required from the successful bidder. The editor of the SUN wrote Congressman Taylor concerning the importance of this route, citing in full the many obstacles to be overcome on this route during the winter months. Congressman Ed has gotten busy and had the proposition re-opened. In the meantime Bradford Thayer became disgusted and resigned the Debs postmastership.

Mrs. Jim Williamson left this morning for Arboles, where she will keep house for her daughter, Olive, who is teaching school there.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of September 11, 1931

Mrs. Jas. Moorehead and daughter Evangeline departed last week for Ardmore, Okla., where they will remain for the winter and where the latter, who graduated from the Pagosa High School last spring, will attend college.

C.E. Lord, Pagosa's favorite photographer, was an arrival Wednesday from Taos, N.M., for his annual stay of a month or more. He is again located in the Taylor apartment house, where he will be pleased to meet his old patrons and friends and many new ones.

Mrs. V.C. McGirr and daughter, Miss Lucy, depart Saturday for Pacific Beach, Calif., after spending the summer with Pagosa relatives. The latter will again teach in the San Diego schools.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of September 13, 1956

One of the largest crowds ever to view an agricultural event in Archuleta County was on hand Saturday and Sunday to take in the exhibits of livestock and produce on display at the rodeo grounds and the high school gymnasium during the two days of the fair. Judy Oppenheimer won the grand championship in the beef class and Joe Shahan took the Reserve championship.

One of the big attractions of the County Fair was the 4-H Fat Stock Sale at which time the youngsters put their projects on the auction block. Top price paid for beef was 37-1/2¢ per pound by Belarde Brothers for Mike Oppenheimer's fifth place calf, which tipped the scales at 880 pounds.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of September 10, 1981

Joe Moore has announced the incorporation of the Upper San Juan Land Protection as a non-profit corporation under the laws of the state of Colorado. Moore is the chairman of the local tax-exempt organization. The new corporation has been organized primarily to provide a mechanism for local landowners to take advantage of conservation easements as defined by the Colorado General Assembly. Under the law, conservations easements are "for the purpose of maintaining land in a predominantly natural, scenic or open condition for wildlife habitat for agricultural, forest or other use or condition consistent with the protection of open land having wholesome environmental quality or life-sustaining ecological diversity."



A model experience ...

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

Imagine you are sitting in front of a pile of 300, 5 1/2- inch long wooden coffee stir sticks and you haven't had 300 cups of coffee to fuel your fingers or your imagination.

Looking at the pile, many of us might see a mess, some of us might get creative, but fewer yet would conceive of fashioning those sticks into a model of a 19th century shoe store.

However, Pagosa Springs resident and life-time model railroad enthusiast Richard Wholf is one such person. And to Wholf, the world is full of improvised tools and improvised building materials, all of which are fodder for a hobby that has spanned more than five decades and has recently earned him national acclaim at the National Association of S-Gaugers annual convention in Pontiac, Mich.

There, on Aug. 6, and judged by a panel of master model railroad builders, Wholf took second place for a scale model of Mundy's Shoe Store - a historic building constructed by W.B. Mundy in 1885 in the town of Silver Plume, Colo.

The building served first as a shoe store, and later as a mercantile/general store, an antique store and an art gallery.

Silver Plume, and neighboring Georgetown are home to the famous Georgetown Loop narrow gauge railroad circuit, and thus, the historic districts and the railroad itself are meccas for narrow gauge and model railroad enthusiasts.

Wholf said, although a model railroad builder for most of his life, he had never really intended to enter the model in a national competition. But, after success at a regional, model railroad convention in Chama, N.M., during the first weekend in June, he changed his tune.

At the convention, Wholf earned a certificate of merit for the piece, and after receiving the award, began to contemplate pursuing a master model railroad builder certification.

"After Chama I said, 'Hey, I can do this,'" Wholf said, and he decided to take the Mundy model to nationals in Michigan.

Wholf said choosing to model the building was a natural extension of his life-long model railroad hobby spawned by a family of fellow railroaders.

"Members of my family were railroaders and like a lot of kids, you see a train and you're hooked," Wholf said.

And Wholf's passion for model railroading, coupled with nearly three decades of visiting the Silver Plume historic district, the Mundy store and a keen interest in Victorian-era architecture, gave him the impetus to undertake the project.

"I enjoy historic buildings and I have restored historic buildings with my wife. They are aesthetically pleasing to the eye," Wholf said.

Wholf said the Mundy shoe store was one of many such buildings in Silver Plume, and with its uneven siding, multifaceted store front and many modifications over the years, appeared intriguing and particularly challenging to model.

Initially, he searched for a kit that might provide an accurate representation of the store, but Wholf said many of the kits were incomplete and failed to take some of the building's unique features such as a passageway physically connecting the shoe store to the Mundy house, non-parallel walls and windows and the store's back and side doors.

"I originally thought I would simply buy a kit of the structure and build it, but the more I looked and researched, the less satisfied I was with the accuracy of the available kits. I could not find a kit that showed the back and side doors, the indented west wall, nor the passageway connecting the house, so I decided to scratch build the structure," Wholf wrote in his presentation portfolio for the judges in Michigan.

Using photos and measurements taken over the decades, interviews with the building's current owner and research into 1880s construction methods such as foundation, timber frame and flooring construction, Wholf began to draw plans for the model.

Unfortunately, as Wholf soon discovered, the building had been modified over the years, including a completely modernized interior in 2001, and his research took him to adjacent buildings in Silver Plume and nearby Georgetown.

"I checked similar nearby old structures constructed during the same period. In Silver Plume, I checked the cellar foundation and floor timbers of the Silver Plume Antique Shop, LLC., Tea Rooms and Gardens ( originally the Cornish Building/Miner Saloon) located several doors east of the Mundy shoe store. And in nearby Georgetown, I also checked the cellar and foundation of the Red Ram Saloon and in the 'Kneisel and Anderson Grocery Store' the foundation, the floor, the walls, ceiling details (with two types of original wallpaper), and display counters," Wholf said.

With the structural research complete, Wholf embarked on an S-scale reproduction of the historic structure.

Wholf explained S-scale is a 1-to-64 scale, where 3/16 of an inch equals one inch. Wholf said the easiest way to understand the scale is that 64 models equal one Mundy's shoe store.

Wholf explained S-scale was introduced in the late 1920s and is enjoying a renaissance among contemporary model railroading enthusiasts.

Armed with a box of wooden coffee stir sticks to be used for the building's lapped siding, a wide variety of left over materials from previous modeling projects and an array of standard and improvised tools such as reversed clothes pin clamps, Wholf began recreating the Mundy shoe store.

Wholf said he began with the stone foundation, and laid the foundation stone by stone using model railroad ballast and scenery rocks and super glue and wood glue as mortar.

Next came the floor framing and the flooring itself, and then the walls - supported with straight pins and manila folder card stock to give them rigidity.

With the outside of the building appearing essentially as it had since 1885, Wholf could work from his collection of photographs and sketches to recreate an exact reproduction of the outside, including hand made replicas of the electric and gas meters, phone box, electrical line and phone line found on the building today. However, the interior of the shoe store posed significant challenges.

"Since the interior of the original store had been completely modernized in 2001, I wanted to recreate an interior representation of the original Mundy Shoe Store, which would be more in keeping with the Silver Plume National Historic Landmark District. With no known interior photos of the original store existing, I decided to use the information gathered from my research at nearby historic Silver Plume and Georgetown structures."

In the end, Wholf carved a variety of shoes and boots from plastic scraps, installed a miniature potbellied stove, sales counter and an S-scale balding middle-aged male figurine to represent Mr. Mundy.

Looking through the model's front windows, cut form plastic microscope slide covers, Wholf's attention to detail is clear.

Stove pipe leads up from the miniature stove, an old fashioned framed mirror adorns one wall, and a tiny cat sits in one window not far from miniaturized S-scale, Buster Brown shoe sign stuck to the front window. To complete the interior, Wholf installed two battery operated 1.5 volt micro bulbs to illuminate the store.

Wholf said the most challenging aspects of the project were fitting the seven vertical panels used to create the building's facade and the laying of the foundation.

He said he worked on the project intermittently over the course of several months, and whenever the project became too tedious or too frustrating he would walk away and come back when he was fresh.

Although Wolf has been a long-time model railroad enthusiast and model railroad builder he hadn't anticipated undertaking such a complex, "from scratch" project as the Mundy Shoe Store. And with the completion of the model and success at nationals, Wholf said he hopes to inspire a new, younger generation of model railroad builders and to encourage those who think they could never complete such a project.

"I think most of us can do a lot more than we realize. We have so many talents and gifts were afraid to use and often times were just afraid to start, but we've got to go ahead and try," Wholf said.

For the novice modeler, Wholf recommends beginning with plastic kits, then growing into more sophisticated modeling as skills and interests warrant.

But Wholf is cautious,

"This kind of modeling isn't for everybody."

But for those who are, Wholf recommended joining a club. And he said a group of about 30 model railroad enthusiasts meets every other month on a Sunday in Pagosa Springs to share ideas and talk model railroading.

Wholf said any one is welcome and with the proximity of the Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad in Durango and the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad in Chama, "We live in a fantastic place to get kids hooked on trains," Wholf said.


Pagosa's Past

A desperate search for a home

By John M. Motter

We've been writing about the desperate search for a place to call home conducted by the Jicarilla Apaches following a series of military defeats suffered during the 1850s. The core of the Jicarilla historic homeland had centered around northeastern New Mexico, especially the Cimarron area. By the 1860s, the Apache homeland was controlled by whites, forcing the Jicarilla to subsist on government rations or on such livestock as they could pilfer from settlers.

When reprimanded for allotting money to help the starving Apache, astonished Indian Superintendent A.B. Norton warned Commissioner D.N. Cooley that war might follow and the bloodshed would be Cooley's fault.

Driven to desperation - after all, all people have a compulsion to feed their children - the Indians began scouting for livestock. Of course, the white population was terrified. An incident involving a skirmish over some sheep ended with the killing of a Ute. The killer took refuge at Fort Union, but the Utes followed him there and demanded he be surrendered to them. The commandant refused, but asked acting New Mexico Territorial Governor Arny to investigate. Arny's response was to call for militia volunteers. (Motter - Around 1900, the Arny family lived in the Arboles area in Archuleta County).

The Fort Union commander, a man called Carleton, conducted his own investigation. His probe led him to believe the Indians were not to blame. "We have taken possession of their country," he wrote. "Their game is all gone and now to kill them for committing depredations solely to save life cannot be justified." Carleton was convinced this was not only the true story, it was the whole story.

Carleton initiated a monotonous policy of government bribes designed to stop Indian looting. The bribes were inadequate and looting continued to increase. By 1867, looting in the Cimarron area was so bad that one hundred troops from Fort Union were sent to safeguard the settlers.

At about this time, another government action brought change to the Apache. In 1868, the Jicarilla problem was treated as an appendage to a resolution calling for the removal of all Utes from New Mexico. A year before the Peace Policy became the Indian Policy, on November 6, 1868, the leaders of the Southern Ute bands and the Tabequache, Yampa, Grand River, and Uintah bands of the Northern Utes entered into one of the last treaties with the United State, in which they agree to a cession of Ute lands. Many of the negotiations were conducted at Conejos in the San Luis Valley, just across the mountains east of Pagosa Springs. Rations were issued at Conejos for a time.

The intent behind the Peace Policy was written into this treaty, which called for the establishment of two Ute agencies, one on the White River near Meeker in the northern part of the new reservation and the other at Los Pinos just west of Cochetopa Pass in southern Colorado. All of the Southern Utes were to be removed from New Mexico and located at Los Pinos. Because the government lacked the manpower to enforce this scheme, the agent at Cimarron was ordered to stop issuing rations in order to force the Utes to move. Unfortunately, the Jicarilla lost their Cimarron rations at the same time.

The U.S. government wanted to put the Jicarilla on the Ute Reservation. At about this time, Arny had an agent appointed at Tierra Amarilla, about 25 miles north of Abiquiu. A few troops were stationed nearby at Camp Plummer, later called Fort Lowell.

Many of the Jicarilla wanted to maintain an agency at or near Abiquiu. When Arny returned to Abiquiu in August of 1868, he was met by Apache leaders Huero Mundo, Vicenti, Pantaleón, and a large party of their followers assembled and waiting to hear the outcome of the meeting with the Utes.

(Motter's note - The name Vicenti is still common in Dulce. Mundo changed his name to Velarde, a common name in Dulce today and the name of the writer of "The Jicarilla Apache Tribe, A History, 1846-1970," by Dr. Veronica E. Velarde Tiller. Velarde is the name of a small Hispanic community located between Abiquiu and Española which remains today. Huero lived for a time near Velarde.)

More next week on the Jicarilla Apache search for a home.


Pagosa Sky Watch

As the moon wanes, search the sky for Perseus

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The following sun and moon data is provided by the United States Naval Observatory.

Sunrise: 6:44 a.m.

Sunset: 7:28 p.m.

Moonrise: 7:37 p.m.

Moonset: 7:43 a.m. Sept. 8.

Moon phase: The moon is full Sept. 7 at 12:41 p.m. Mountain Daylight Time.

As autumn approaches, and by mid-evening, Perseus can be seen climbing high into the northeastern sky.

According to Greek mythology, Perseus slew Medusa the Gorgon and used the deadly creature's severed head - whose evil eyes, dead or alive, could turn those that peered into them into stone - as a weapon to rescue the maiden Andromeda from the sea monster Cetus.

In the night sky, Perseus makes a meandering, upside down Y-shape. And although the outline of the constellation may be hard to trace, the constellation's most distinct star, Algol, representing the head of Medusa, makes an excellent landmark from which skywatchers can begin their exploration of the constellation and its environs.

To locate Perseus and Algol, stargazers should face northeast and begin observations after 10 p.m. - Perseus can be found just directly to the east of Polaris and slightly below and to the right of the distinct, W-shaped constellation Cassiopeia. The open part of Perseus' Y-shape will be facing toward the eastern horizon and on the uppermost branch of the Y-shape, and near the branch's end, stargazers will find Algol.

The name Algol comes from the Arabic for "head of the ghoul," or "head of the demon," and this is likely due to the fact Algol's brightness varies in a predictable and regular way, which early skywatchers might have imagined as the twinkling, menacing eye of a demon.

Contemporary skywatchers know the source of Algol's variability is not due to some mythical creature, but is due rather to the fact that Algol is part of an eclipsing variable star system.

Contemporary observations indicate Algol's brightness varies on a regular cycle - every two days, 20 hours and 49 minutes to be exact. And the variation is not caused by the peculiarities of one particular star, but by the regular passage of one star in front of the other as seen from our Earth-bound perspective.

Astronomers now know there are thousands of such eclipsing star systems, but Algol is perhaps the most famous because the period of variation is relatively short and the entire transition can be witnessed with the naked eye.

Continuing past Algol, and farther up the uppermost branch of the Y-shape, stargazers will find Perseus' alpha star, Mirfak.

Mirfak is the brightest star in the constellation, burns at magnitude 1.8 and lies 592 light years away. Mirfak comes from the Arabic for "elbow," and stargazers who sweep its environs with binoculars will find a loose star cluster known as Melotte 20.

Perseus lies in a particularly rich part of the Milky Way, and in addition to Melotte 20, stargazers will find that sweeping the area with binoculars is well worth the effort.

Just above and slightly to the right of Algol lies M34, a bright star cluster, barely visible with the naked eye. However, binocular observations of M34 will reveal a loose star cluster of about 60 stars scattered over an area larger than the apparent size of the full moon.

From M34, and scanning in a vertical line above the cluster and toward Cassiopeia, stargazers will find the famous Double Cluster, or NGC 869 and NGC 884.

Although both are visible side by side with the naked eye, binoculars will reveal stunning details, including numerous blue-white stars seasoned with a handful of red giants scattered throughout NGC 884. The presence of red giants in NGC 884 indicates the cluster is likely the older cluster of the pair. NGC 884 is on the left and NGC 869 is on the right.

Although it may be tempting to explore the Double Cluster with a high powered telescope, lower power telescopes allow both clusters to appear in the same field of view. And, while exploring the Double Cluster, look for a delicate, curving chain of stars, leading northward to another starry patch known as the cluster Stock 2.

Tonight's full moon may make viewing Perseus and its environs problematic, however conditions should improve as the moon gradually wanes throughout the weekend.



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The monsoon is gone as summer slips by

By Louis Sherman

Staff Writer

The monsoon rains of July and August helped yards get a foothold and gardens (and weeds) proliferate. A few weeks ago, high school athletes had to contend with soggy fields and rainy runs.

But now we are in the first month without the monsoon, the first month of the new school year, the month when summer ends.

The news isn't wholly bad. Though our gardens may have reached their pinnacle, the cooler temperatures will not hinder hikes in search of autumn color.

And though we may consider turning on the heat at night, at least a few will be glad that we have reached a period of good football weather.

And for those of you who cannot be consoled at the end of summer, there is still the hope of a few warmer days.

The first week of September has brought temperatures between a high of 76.5 degrees and a low of 37.3 degrees (both recorded Monday). Rain was limited to 0.08 inches from Sept. 1-Sept. 6 in Pagosa Lakes.

The forecast predicts more of the same in the week to come with temperatures from the high 60s to 70s during the day and the high to mid-40s at night.

Clouds and sun will vie throughout the week, so be prepared with both a jacket and sunblock.

There will be a possibility of afternoon and evening thunderstorms this weekend. Mornings will be the best time for walks, trips to the lake, or rests in the garden.


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