June 1, 2006

Front Page

USDA begins probe, groups appeal 'Village' decision

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

A request by Colorado legislators to open an investigation into the U.S. Forest Service's evaluation and approval process for access to the proposed Village at Wolf Creek has reached the top echelon of United States Department of Agriculture personnel.

In recent correspondence to State Rep. Mark Larson (R-Cortez), U.S. Rep John Salazar and U.S. Sen. Ken Salazar, USDA Inspector General Phyllis Fong said her office is reviewing information concerning improprieties in the Forest Service evaluation of the project and whether undue political influence was wielded by village developer, Billy Joe "Red" McCombs.

As proposed, the final plan provides for 2,200 residential units, more than 500,000 square feet of commercial space and up to 10,000 inhabitants on a 287.5-acre parcel near the base of the Wolf Creek Ski Area.

In her letter, dated May 22, to Sen. Salazar Fong writes, "... OIG personnel have been reviewing information submitted by the concerned parties and FS regarding the EIS process and related matters. Once we have completed our evaluation of the facts and applicable statutes, regulations, and FS policies, we will make a determination whether further inquiry by OIG or FS is warranted."

Fong's letter stems from requests made by the Colorado legislators, and most recently by Sen. Salazar, for the inspector general to conduct an investigation.

Sen. Salazar made a similar request to USDA Secretary Mike Johanns.

Terri Teuber, USDA communications director and spokesperson for the secretary, said the USDA Inspector General operates under independent authority, and although the secretary's office would not undertake an investigation itself, it takes the request seriously.

In a letter to Sen. Salazar, dated May 25, USDA Deputy General Counsel James Michael Kelly, wrote, "Inspector General Fong has indicated that she and her staff are reviewing your request and the circumstances surrounding approval of the permit in question. We believe the Inspector General will make an appropriate determination as to whether or not this matter warrants and investigation. As you are aware, the Inspector General exercises independent authority ... and the Secretary has indicated he will neither direct nor request that an investigation into this matter be conducted. If the Inspector General determines to open an investigation, the Secretary has made it clear that the Inspector General and her staff will have USDA's full cooperation."

Teuber called this stage a fact-finding stage and said Sen. Salazar's request that the secretary suspend further permitting activities was unnecessary because the EIS administrative appeals process puts a hold on permit activities until the appeals process runs its course.

Kelly estimated that process may last until mid-July.

According to Kelly, two administrative appeals have been filed.

In a press release issued Wednesday, Ryan Demmy Bidwell of Colorado Wild stated his organization, the San Luis Valley Ecosytem Council and the San Juan Citizen's Alliance had filed an administrative appeal regarding the Forest Service's April 3 approval to grant two access roads to the development.

According to the document, the appeal alleges the Forest Service "made major errors in the scope and substance of its analysis, and failed to live up to its responsibilities to the public."

"The Forest Service continues to ignore major problems raised by the public as well as other state and federal agencies," said Bidwell.

Christine Canaly, executive director of the San Luis Valley Ecosystem Council said, "Given potentially serious impacts to downstream water users, wildlife, traffic, and local businesses, the public continues to be outraged by the Forest Service's decision. On one page the agency argues that the developer already has access sufficient to build his Village, and then on the next declares that the Forest Service has to grant him full access. They can't have it both ways."

The appeal, filed Tuesday, says the Forest Service failed to address the impacts of the Village on the surrounding environment and in doing so, violates a number of federal laws. In addition, the appeal alleges the developer improperly influenced the Forest Service and therefore compromised the integrity of the EIS analysis.

According to Bidwell, the Forest Service has 45 days to respond to the appeal.

Fire bans in effect Monday

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

Effective Monday, whether on public lands or private, everyone in Archuleta County will be under mandatory Stage One fire restrictions.

In fact, given continued sunny skies and very dry fuel conditions, all area governmental agencies are now imposing similar constraints throughout southwestern Colorado. By Tuesday morning, Montezuma County and the Southern Ute Indian Reservation had already implemented fire restrictions on lands within their respective jurisdictions, and similar limitations go into affect on Ute Mountain Ute property today. Mesa Verde National Park is also under restrictions.

Stage One fire restrictions will also be in force in the lower-elevation Zone One of the San Juan Public Lands tomorrow. From U.S. 550 east to Wolf Creek Pass, the low zone includes all San Juan National Forest and Bureau of Land Management lands outside of the South San Juan and Weminuche wilderness areas. Zone Two generally includes higher elevation forests, which typically receive greater amounts of moisture.

By order of the sheriff, Archuleta County will wait until Monday to enforce Stage One restrictions, thereby allowing time for adequate notice. Once initiated, they will apply to all private lands within the county, effectively restricting the use of fire, fire-related products or equipment, and internal-combustion engines throughout.

Fire restrictions are ordered in stages, depending on fuel moisture levels, long-range weather forecasts, the rate of human-caused fires, and the availability of firefighting resources. Stage One is the least prohibitive and Stage Three is the most. Generally speaking, Stage One restrictions dictate the following:

- Campfires are limited to permanent fire rings or grates within developed campgrounds. No coal or wood-burning stoves or any type of charcoal-fueled broiler.

- Smoking is limited to vehicles, buildings, or three-foot diameter areas cleared of all dry vegetation.

- Chainsaws and other internal-combustion engines must have approved and functional spark arresters.

- Acetylene and other torches with an open flame may not be used.

- The use of explosives, including fireworks, is prohibited in both forest zones.

During dry or prolonged drought cycles, fuels are monitored daily to determine the level of fire danger in surrounding forest vegetation. When conditions warrant, even if other factors are of minor concern, Stage One restrictions are imposed. The need to go to Stage Two is normally triggered by either continued dry weather or an increase in human-caused fires.

Right now, according to Mark Lauer, fire management officer of the San Juan Public Lands, "All our dead and down fuels are exhibiting very low fuel moistures and the annual grasses, like cheatgrass, have begun to cure out, increasing the chances of a human-caused fire escaping."

Meanwhile, the long-range weather forecast calls for continued warm sunny weather with little, if any, moisture and significant afternoon breezes through the first half of June.

By restricting campfires to campgrounds, fire managers hope to reduce the risk of fire escaping from hot, unattended fires. Apparently, forest officials discovered several unattended campfires over the memorial Day weekend.

"With the dry conditions in our lower elevations and the high winds that the area experienced, it's just sheer luck that we didn't have another big fire this weekend," Lauer said.

For now, fire managers believe Stage One restrictions are adequate under current conditions, but that could change anytime, particularly if fire breaks out elsewhere, causing a shift in firefighting resources. Firefighters have already responded to nearly 70 fires in southwest Colorado this year, ranging from a tenth-of-an-acre to more than 500 acres.

"Right now, we are still in good shape in southwest Colorado," said Lauer. "We have some additional resources on hand as a precaution due to the dry conditions."

To date, the Durango air tanker base has already gone through more than 100,000 gallons of fire retardant, with much of it having gone to last week's 530-acre Black Ridge fire on Southern Ute lands. Aside from the heavy air tanker, single-engine air tankers, helicopters, engines and hotshot crews are positioned throughout the Four Corners region to provide an initial attack and seven-day coverage on new fires.

Should conditions worsen, Stage Two restrictions will prohibit campfires altogether, and limit smoking to enclosed vehicles or buildings. Tighter constraints will further limit the use of chainsaws and other devices with internal-combustion engines, and off-road vehicle operations may be prohibited. If Stage Three becomes necessary, public lands will close.

Throughout the fire season, flyers describing current restrictions will be posted across public lands at trailheads, campgrounds and entry areas. By tomorrow, according to the Forest Service, maps showing the two zones will be available at public lands offices and visitor centers in Pagosa Springs, Bayfield, Durango and Dolores.

For additional or updated wildfire information and related restrictions, contact the Forest Service fire information officer Pam Wilson at (970) 385-1230, or Archuleta County dispatch at 264-2131. On the Web, you can visit www.dola.state.co.us/oem/PublicInformation/firebans/firenews.html.

Two arrested with 'Murphy's Law in their back pocket'

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

For two New Mexico men, May 15 proved to be a bad day to shoplift in Pagosa Springs.

The morning began when Brandon Yazzie, 25, of Farmington, N.M., Anthony Marquez, 25, of Aztec, N.M., and an unidentified female companion, left the Farmington area for Pagosa Springs. Their ordeal ended with two stolen laptops, a blown out tire, an empty gas tank, a night spent in the woods and a trip to the Archuleta County Detention Center where Yazzie and Marquez were booked on charges connected to the theft of two Hewlett-Packard laptop computers.

The female was not charged in the incident.

Yazzie and Marquez are each being held on a $10,000 bond, and will appear before Judge Denvir this morning for their respective bond and dispositional hearings.

According to police reports, the three left Farmington the morning of May 15 and found themselves parked in front of the Pagosa Springs Radio Shack at around 5:30 p.m.

At that time, a Radio Shack surveillance video shows Yazzie entering the store, talking to an employee, then grabbing two laptop computers from the display area. Yazzie's grab sent computer cords flying and alarms howling, and witnesses observed Yazzie run to a waiting GMC Yukon with a New Mexico plate.

Eyewitness reports indicate a second male, later determined to be Marquez, was driving the Yukon, and once Yazzie was in, the vehicle sped from the scene.

As Yazzie and Marquez fled the area, traveling westbound on U.S. 160 with the female as a passenger, the left rear tire blew out and they were forced to stop and change the tire, borrowing a jack from a passerby in the process.

With the tire changed, Yazzie and Marquez resumed their escape, but Archuleta County Sheriff's Deputy A. Jake White spotted the suspect vehicle traveling westbound about 7 p.m. on U.S. 160 near Devil Mountain Road. White turned and pursued the vehicle.

With the suspects aware they had been recognized by law enforcement, their vehicle turned on to Devil Mountain Road to elude the deputy. White pursued, but lost the vehicle, and turned back to U.S. 160.

Additional sheriff's deputies were dispatched to the area, and Capt. Eugene Reilly of the Archuleta County Sheriff's Department located the abandoned vehicle about four miles up Devil Mountain Road, missing its license plate and out of gas.

"These guys had Murphy's Law in their back pocket," said Officer T.J. Fitzwater of the Pagosa Springs Police Department.

Fitzwater was dispatched to Radio Shack immediately following the theft.

According to Fitzwater, after the vehicle ran out of gas, the men took the laptops from the car and Yazzie removed the vehicle's license plate, so "his parents wouldn't get into trouble," and the group fled on foot into the woods where they spent the night.

Motor vehicle records indicated the vehicle was registered to Yazzie's mother, Jennifer Yazzie of Farmington, N.M.

"These were clearly city boys; they weren't used to sleeping outdoors. It looked like they'd had a long night out," Fitzwater said.

By the morning of May 16, the men had abandoned the laptops and the three walked out to the highway and contacted the female's father.

According to the report, Yazzie and the female told her father they had "broke down and had to spend the night in the forest," and asked him to pick them up in the Lake Capote area with a spare tire and gas for the Yukon.

The father arrived as requested around 2 p.m. May 16, and Archuleta County Sheriff's deputies arrested Yazzie, Marquez and the female companion at the Chimney Rock Cafe.

Yazzie later led deputies to the laptops.

Yazzie and Marquez were booked into the Archuleta County Detention Center on charges of theft of goods worth more than $500.

According to Fitzwater, Marquez initially identified himself as J.J. Griego and pretended to have a severe stutter.

During his interview with Pagosa Springs Police Department Chief Don Volger, Marquez maintained the "Griego" identity and said he had never been in trouble with the police except for traffic violations. Marquez also told Volger that he suffered from memory loss, a seizure disorder and speech impediment.

According to Fitzwater's supplemental report, after about two hours of interviewing, Marquez admitted his true identity and was found not to have a speech impairment.

It was also discovered Marquez has an extensive criminal record.

According to Fitzwater's report, when Fitzwater asked Yazzie why they chose Pagosa Springs to commit the theft, Yazzie replied, "In a small town there is less of a chance of getting caught."

Lynch leaves commission, Democrats appoint Egan

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

With the month of May having come to a close, the Archuleta County Board of County Commissioners is preparing for a changing of the guard.

In former Archuleta County Commissioner Mamie Lynch's resignation submitted in late April, Lynch stated she would not complete her term in office and would vacate her District 3 seat May 31.

That announcement left a void on the three-seat board, and sent local Democrats rallying to fill the vacancy.

According to state statute, the Democrats had 15 days from Lynch's last day in office to appoint a successor, and during Tuesday's central committee meeting, Archuleta County Democrats elected John Egan to take the post.

Egan will complete Lynch's term in office which ends in November 2006.

Rich Goebel, first vice chair of the Archuleta County Democratic Central Committee, said Tuesday's meeting brought a large turnout of both central committee members and interested party members, and during the meeting, two potential nominees came forward to succeed Lynch - John Egan and Ken Levine.

Goebel is spokesperson for the party while party chair Ben Douglas is out of town.

Goebel said Egan took the vote for replacing Lynch , but was proud of District 3 Democrats for providing two potential candidates willing to shoulder the responsibility.

"This is such an important position in the history of the county. I'm really glad we had two people step up to the plate to take Mamie's place. It's exciting, maybe we're seeing some new, positive momentum in the county," Goebel said.

Archuleta County Clerk and Recorder June Madrid said once Egan completes the requisite paperwork, and takes the oath, he can take his seat on the commission. But, according to Goebel, Egan is on a much-deserved and long-awaited family vacation and will take the post when he returns to Pagosa Springs.

Goebel said he was uncertain of Egan's return date.

With Lynch's successor selected, the question remains who will run against District 3, Republican county commissioner candidate Bob Moomaw.

Following the assembly process, Moomaw emerged as the Republican choice for the commissioner's seat, but the Democrats failed to field a candidate, and Moomaw has, as of yet, gone unopposed.

With Egan's appointment to fill the board vacancy, Madrid said state statute allows Egan to be certified onto the primary election ballot. Madrid said, in circumstances such as these, the statute allows for the central committee to select one candidate for inclusion on the primary ballot, after the assembly process.

However, during Tuesday's Democratic central committee meeting, and as a second order of business, Goebel said Archuleta County Democrats named two nominees for the District 3 seat - John Egan and Ken Levine.

While Madrid argues statute allows for one appointment, Goebel said consultations with party election experts in Denver indicated Archuleta County Democrats can name two candidates as long as each receives the requisite, 30 percent central committee vote.

"Both got 30 percent of the vote, and both qualified to run in the primary," Goebel said.

Madrid contacted Colorado Secretary of State Gigi Dennis for clarification but an answer was not received by press time.

With discrepancies between Madrid and Democrats over the interpretation of statute, it remains unclear if there will be two candidates on the Democratic primary election ballot.

But for Lynch, although she is still active in the party, those worries are behind her, and she plans to keep politics at arm's length.

She said her first order of business is another trip to physical therapy and a visit with her knee doctor.

Lynch has undergone three surgeries in the last year, the most recent for knee trouble.

Between medical appointments, Lynch said she has been cleaning out her office and compiling notes, meeting minutes and other information to help prepare her successor. She added that she is also preparing for a relaxing summer.

"The first thing I'm going to do is get my house in order. I also love to knit and do needle work. I'll be doing more of that," Lynch said.

Lynch said she also plans to travel to California to visit her granddaughter who is an aspiring athlete.

When asked what she thinks are the challenges facing the new Democratic commissioner, Lynch said the land use code remains a formidable project.

"There are still challenges with the land use code, that's still a big job," Lynch said.

In addition, Lynch said the county faces increases in oil and gas development which will also put pressure on the commissioners and county staff. She added that affordable housing issues are far from being resolved.

"A burning issue that has started to be addressed, but needs a deeper look, is work force housing," Lynch said.

In reflecting on her tenure as a county commissioner, Lynch said adopting revised road standards and the land use code were highpoints of her career.

"To see the land use code come to fruition was the greatest triumph," Lynch said.

Lynch said she was thankful for the support of Archuleta County citizens, and that without them, her service would not have been possible.

But now that she is no longer a public figure, Lynch said she will be adjusting to her new life as just a common resident of Pagosa Springs.

"My official title now is 'resident has-been,' I has been a lot of things," Lynch said with a smile.


Inside The Sun

Don't misuse the 911 system

By Sarah O. Smith

Staff Writer

A sign hanging above the door in the Archuleta County dispatcher's office reads: "Dispatchers save seconds - seconds save lives." However, the dispatchers are finding it more difficult to save those seconds, due to an increasing issue with what they consider abuse of the 911 system.

Erica Albers, a communications officer with the dispatch center, said there is a growing problem with people using the 911 resource to report non life-threatening situations, such as barking dogs, or to get information, such as phone numbers to local businesses.

"We have a lot of people who seem to think it's 411 instead of 911," said Albers. "People call 911 asking for the number to the county clerk's office." She said these non-emergency calls tie up the phone lines and may actually put others' lives in danger. "One of these days, someone is going to get hurt because they can't get through to us."

Shana Young, supervisor at the dispatch center, agreed this problem is increasing.

"It's automatically running in your head, 'what's this call gonna be?' Your heart is pumping, your adrenaline is flowing, and then they tell you there's a dog on the road, a loose dog," she said.

Albers and Young agreed that one reason this problem is becoming more prevalent is the growth of our community.

"We have a lot of great people around here," said Albers, "but we're growing so much. There are a lot of new people."

Young said many people are unaware of alternate numbers to call for non-emergency situations, and rather than look up the number for the dispatch or the police station, 911 is "the first number they'll call when they have a problem. It's just easier."

"We're growing, but we're still such a small town, it's easier to educate," said Young.

Making a distinction between emergency and non-emergency situations is key - not only for adults reporting barking dogs, but also for children. We've all been conditioned to call 911 when we have a problem, but children may unknowingly abuse this resource.

"Parents need to educate their children about what an emergency is," said Albers. "You'd be surprised with the kind of calls we get. A doll that's fallen into a bathtub is not an emergency."

Of course, Albers and Young don't discourage people from calling 911. "We're here to help people," said Albers. But when the lines are tied up with non life-threatening calls, "it's hard to be able to provide that care."

"We don't want people to be afraid to call," said Young. They simply ask for consideration in distinguishing between emergencies and non-emergencies.

"All calls require service, but if we have a dog missing versus a heart attack, we have to prioritize our calls," said Young. "We're trying to save seconds."

In non-emergency situations, the dispatch center can be reached at 264-2131.

Secretary of state to oversee trade name registrations in Colorado

Secretary of State Gigi Dennis has announced that, beginning May 30, all trade names will be filed in the Colorado Secretary of State's office.

The secretary of state's office will receive all current trade name records filed with the Colorado Department of Revenue and will centralize and standardize the registration process in Colorado.

"Currently a portion of trade name registration is handled by the Colorado Department of Revenue and the other portion is managed by the secretary of state's office," Dennis said. "Requiring all trade names to be filed with one agency will help alleviate questions and confusion for the public."

In 2004, Gov. Owens signed House Bill 1448 which requires all trade names from the department of revenue to be transferred to the Colorado Secretary of State's office and all future trade name registrations must be filed with the secretary of state.

"This is a positive change for Colorado businesses as well as state government," Dennis added. "Consolidating trade names into one agency will help streamline our processes, increase our effectiveness, and reduce fees for the public."

The public may file and search business entity and trade name documents on the secretary of state's Web site at www.sos.state.co.us.

Trade name filings provide the public with a means of determining with whom they are doing business. If more than one record exists for the same trade name, the information provided in the trade name registration should provide adequate information to distinguish between the businesses.

For more information about trade name registration, visit the secretary of state's Web site.

Home chore services for folks 60-plus

Do you need help with minor home repairs, lawn mowing, heavy household cleaning, wheelchair ramps, grab bars and railings?

Archuleta County Senior Services, operated from the Silver Foxes Den Senior Center in Pagosa Springs, provides limited assistance to qualifying individuals.

For eligibility requirements, contact Musetta Wollenweber at 264-2167.

Police continue to investigate infant's death

By Sarah O. Smith

Staff Writer

The death of an infant May 13 remains under investigation as the Pagosa Springs Police Department and the Archuleta County Coroners Office attempt to piece together any and all information to determine the cause of death.

A call was received at approximately 10 a.m. May 13 reporting a possibly deceased infant, and Emergency Medical Services and the Pagosa Springs Police Department were dispatched to 375 N. 5th St. The infant was confirmed dead, and the cause of death has not yet been determined.

The Pagosa Springs Police Department is also investigating a prior incident involving the same child, from March 28.

In that incident, the child reportedly suffered injuries after being left with a babysitter and was subsequently hospitalized. The cause of those previous injuries is still under investigation, as is any possible connection between the injuries and the child's death.

Smoke-free Colorado goes into effect July 1

Colorado is the 13th state to implement a comprehensive statewide law prohibiting smoking in public places and workplaces.

The Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act, passed into law by the Colorado General Assembly and signed by Gov. Bill Owens, goes into effect July 1, 2006. The smoke-free law prohibits smoking in most public places and work places statewide, including bars and restaurants.

The Colorado Clean Indoor Air Act was passed to protect consumers and workers from involuntary exposure to secondhand smoke. According to proponents, reducing secondhand smoke exposure will improve the health of employees and customers, reduce health care costs, and save businesses money by reducing cleaning and maintenance costs.

For more information on this new law and resources for businesses and workplaces, see www.smokefreecolorado.org.

Final intermediate school honor roll of year

Pagosa Springs Intermediate School Principal, Mark DeVoti is proud to announce the fourth-quarter honor roll for students receiving all A's and those receiving A/B honors.

Fifth-grade students receiving straight A's for the fourth quarter quarter are: Sable Baxtrom, Blaze Bonn, Megan Davey, Emma Donharl, Kitman Gill, Hannah Matzdorf, Nick Monteferrante, Mireya Ortega, Gabe Pajak, Ben Reece, Shannon Rogers, Blake Roman, Clay Ross, Jonah Sanchez, Samuel Sarnowski, Kendra Schlom, Toni Stoll, Tyler Talbot, Rowan Taylor, Brandon Thomas and Isaiah Thompson

Sixth-grade students receiving straight A's for the fourth quarter are: Katie Armbrecht, Sissy Dodson, Matt Fisher, Mary Haynes, Abbi Hicklin, Laura Holladay, Natasha Medici, Austin Miller, Eurisko PeBenito, Kristi Plum, Reahna Ray, Michael Reynders, Samuel Romain and Jennie White

Fifth-graders receiving A/B honors for the fourth quarter are: Keith Archuleta, Satara Arthaud, Montana Bailey, Tristen Bennett, Katie Blue, Heather Brooks, Sierra Bryson, Bethany Burnett, Matthew Cary, Kevin Crow, Garek Erskine, Sienna Espinosa, Kaylee Fitzwater, Evan Greer, Gregory Dalton, Zachariah Griego, Dean Hamton, Amber Hanley, Brannon Harbur, Kylie Johnson, Meadow Karr, Zack Kelley, Harvest Krogh, Alyssa Lee, Zachary Leewitt, Kain Lucero, Sarah Mevis, Jasmine Nesbit, Walker Powe, Gina Ramsey, Jason Reece, Emma Reynders, Elijah Stephens and Coleman Zellner

Sixth-graders receiving A/B honors for the fourth quarter are: Kyle Anderson Andresen, Sydney Aragon, Moses Audetat-Mirabal, Tiffany Bachtel, Nate Bard, Leslie Baughman, Laura Bell, Sarah Bir, Saje Brinkmann, Evan Brookens, Konnor Bruno, Jerica Caler, Caitlin Cameron, Brilliht Catano, Keegan Caves, Kyle Danielson, Brooklyn DuCharme, Alexandra Fortney, Christian Fost, Zoe Fulco, Zachariah Graveson, Seth Hansen, Alexandra Herrera, Samantha Hunts, Zerek Jones, Drew Mackey, Katrina McGovern, Ashley McGowan, Bryan Miller, Charisse Morris, Dane Murdock, Daniel Puskas, Kalie Ray, Kelsy Sellers, Jeremy Smith, Natascha Sorensen, Brooke Spears, Courtney Spears, Tori Strohecker, Silas Thompson, Cheyann Walker, Tiffany Watson and Rebecca Zeller.

Junior high school announces final honor roll of year

The following seventh-grade students at Pagosa Springs Junior High School had a perfect 4.0 grade-point average for last nine weeks of the school year.

Kelsea Anderson, Amanda Barnes, Cheyann Dixon, Andrea Fautheree, Shea Johnson, Zachary Lucero, Tayler McKee, Danielle Pajak, Cy Parker, Rachel Shaw, Garrett Stoll and Tyler Vaivoda.

The following seventh-grade students had a 3.2850 or better grade-point average.

Briana Bryant, Gabrielle Dill, Magan Kraetsch, Brittnie Kraft, Mele LeLievre, Joshua Long, Viridiana Marinelarena, Crystal Purcell, Sienna Stretton, Christopher Brown, Kayla Catlin, Kenneth Hogrefe, Kaitlin Mastin, Dakota Miller, Randell Rudock, Jefferson Walsh, Chanlor Humphrey, Trent Johnson, Kelsi Lucero, Tyler Martinez, Trace Gross, Taylor Loewen, Michael Sause, Sarah Stuckwish, Alexa Martinez, Courtney Swan, Roxana Palma, Sierra Suttles and Nicholas Zeller.

The following eighth-grade students had a perfect 4.0 grade-point average.

Julia Adams, Thomas Bernard, Ashley Brooks, Megan Bryant, Casey Crow, Michael Gallegos, Michael Heraty, Paul Hoffman, Dakota Jarvie, Amber Lark, Katarina Medici, Brian Montoya, Josie Snow, Wesley Vandercook and Amie Webb-Shearston.

The following eighth-grade students had a 3.285 or better grade-point average.

Gary August, Seth Blackley, Jordan Davey, Natalie Erickson, Desiree Ewing, Emily Greer, Tamra Leavenworth, Rose Quintana, Rebekah Riedberger, Sarah Sanna, Nahtanha Sell, Kiaya Humphrey, Jessica Blum, Taylor Cunningham, Jocelyn Havens, Jonathan Hudson, Beth Lucero, Kala Matzdorf, Nicola Shaw, Lauren Silva, Shevi Tunnell-Hunt, Jordin Frey, Alex Bricca, Preston Dale, Victoria Espinosa, Richard Goebel, James Hamilton, Samara Hernandez, Joshua Jones, Wesley Ricker, Taylor Shaffer, Ryan Stahl, Michael Flihan, Kale Hanavan, Kara Hollenbeck, Casey Meekins, Amanda Oertel, Presley Payne, Taralynn Rediske, Dakota Ross, Sarah Smith, Mary Brinton, Brooke Hasselman, Courtney Hudnall, Santino Lister, Waylon Lucero, Trenton Maddux, Jayla Shenefeld and Ashley Taylor.

Student loan consolidation is a no-brainer

By Debra DeMuth

Special to The SUN

Each year, more than 35,000 Colorado students graduate from college and set foot into the "real world."

The transition from college student to college graduate means an opportunity to put their education to the test. But for many it comes with the added responsibility of student loan repayment.

While graduates have a six-month grace period before student loan repayment begins, the class of 2006 and their parents would be wise to note a more important date looming just around the corner. As of July 1, 2006, interest rates on federal student loans taken out by students (known as Stafford loans) and those borrowed by parents (PLUS loans) are expected to increase by as much as 2 percent. To lock in lower rates, borrowers should consider consolidating their loans as soon as possible.

Consolidation is a debt management strategy that allows students and parents to lock in today's low interest rates for the lifetime of their loan. Consolidation also presents borrowers the opportunity to reduce their monthly loan payments, making repayment more manageable, especially given the entry-level salaries that many new graduates may face.

But recent graduates aren't the only ones who can take advantage of this opportunity. For students who have more college to come, the next few weeks offer the last chance to cash in on in-school consolidation. One provision in the Deficit Reduction Act enacted by Congress earlier this year eliminates in-school consolidation after June 30, 2006. Thus, students who have accumulated debt up to this point in their education are advised to move quickly and take advantage of this program before it expires.

As a not-for-profit division of the Colorado Department of Higher Education, CollegeInvest is available to help graduates navigate the recent changes in higher education financing and consolidate their federal student loans before the rate increase.

We all like to save money. And in the world of higher education financing, the consolidation process is a no-brainer for lowering monthly payments and locking in today's low interest rates.

If you've borrowed $20,000 in student loans and consolidate before July 1, locking in the current in-school, grace or deferment rate of 4.75 percent, your monthly payment could go from $209.70 to $129.24.

CollegeInvest is Colorado's higher education financing resource. Since its inception in 1979, CollegeInvest has helped more than half a million Colorado families break down the financial barriers to college by providing expert information, simple planning tools, scholarships, savings plans and low-cost student and parent loans.

Debra L. DeMuth is the director of CollegeInvest, Colorado's not-for-profit higher education financing resource. For more information go to www.collegeinvest.org.

Rotary Club awards scholarships

By Buzz Gillentine

Special to The SUN

The Rotary Club of Pagosa Springs is proud to announce the scholarship winners for the school year ending spring 2006.

The top scholarship was awarded to Chris Baum. The second highest scholarship was awarded to Jake Cammack. The third and fourth scholarship winners were Emily Schur and Daniel Aupperle. Winning the vocational scholarship was Erika Lucero.

Since 1988, the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club has presented 93 scholarships totaling over $208,000 to deserving students. These scholarship awards are based on several guidelines, including grade point average, ACT scores, financial need, outside activities and personal presence.

This year, there were 19 applicants. All those applying were worthy of being awarded scholastic assistance. These students have worked extremely hard, both in school and out. They dedicated time for studies, athletics, community projects and many to part time jobs. To pare down to five recipients was a frustrating and intense process. The consensus was reached. The committee and the community can be proud of the selections.

The Rotary Club of Pagosa Springs currently has about $250,000 in the scholarship trust. The concept is to have the fund be self-sustaining. However, with current interest rates, we are about halfway there. All money donated to the scholarship fund is placed into the fund. The Rotary Club makes up the difference with fund-raising efforts and dues.

The average cost of one year in college is $17,000. Our top scholarship is $1,500 per year for four years. While providing some relief for the family, this amount doesn't begin to cover the expenses for a four-year education. Our long-term goal for the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club is to provide larger sums for scholarships, while benefiting more of these deserving students. The only way to do this is to raise more money for the scholarship fund.

The Pagosa Springs Rotary Club Scholarship Foundation has just been approved by the Internal Revenue Service as a 501-c-3 in the form of a private foundation. This means that all donations directly to this fund are tax deductible. Also, by donating a portion of one's estate, there can be tremendous tax

benefits to one's heirs while sustaining and insuring our children's future success. We ask your assistance.

Class of 2006 receives diplomas

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

Members of the Pagosa Springs High School graduating class of 2006 have received diplomas.

Including nine students from the Archuleta County High School (of the Archuleta County Education Center), 114 seniors graduated this year, with all but two receiving diplomas at graduation ceremonies Sunday, May 20.

Six valedictorians took turns addressing fellow classmates and bidding them farewell, while three salutatorians also received recognition in a program at the high school auditorium that lasted an hour and 50 minutes.

According to high school principal David Hamilton, 100 percent of this year's seniors successfully completed required coursework to graduate, and all but two walked the aisle to accept their diplomas. Only Matt Crone and Alex Silver were unable to attend formal festivities.

Class valedictorians include Heather Anderson, Daniel Aupperle, Sara Baum, Elizabeth Kelley, Mathew Nobles and Veronica Zeiler. Salutatorians are Jake Cammack, Joshua Hoffman and Craig Schutz.

A long list of organizations granted 90 separate scholarships to graduates moving on to post-secondary education. Grants ranged from $300 to $24,600.

PS Education Center announces honor roll, plans fund-raiser

The Pagosa Springs Education Center, a self-paced school based on Biblical principles, is proud to announce the end of its eighth year with 27 students on the honor roll.

Earning honors this year were Joey Bergman, Jessie Bir, Dusten Bolos, William Brown, Cassie Calavan, Kylie Corcoran, Cory Davis, Stephen Firth, Garret Gholson, Kaleb Herrera, Jennifer Hopper, Cody Johnson, Mason Laverty, Derek Lorenzen, Garrett Lyle, Kelsey Lyle, Shianne Matthews, Ryan Montroy, Peter Morey, Tera Ochoa, Alexander PeBenito, Brandon Pollard, Anthony Spirelli, Patricia Stevens, Katherine Sturm, Jessica Whomble and Lynzee Yager.

The Pagosa Springs Education Center is also in the midst of a fund-raising drive to sell tickets for a July 15 auction. Having helped students from all circumstances to excel, become self-reliant and accomplish goals, the education center is in need of money to fund tuition for those who cannot afford to pay for their education. They also need to hire part-time help to maintain their ratio of eight students to one instructor and need a few new furnishings.

If you would like to purchase a ticket, sponsor a table or donate goods or services for the auction, contact Nelson Del Bianco at 731-3274.

Bob Grandchamp on Republican sheriff primary ballot

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

It may not be an unprecedented sheriff's election in Archuleta County, but it certainly is uncommon.

According to Archuleta County Clerk and Recorder June Madrid, following Archuleta County Undersheriff Bob Grandchamp's successful submission of a petition for his inclusion on the primary ballot, Archuleta County voters will choose from one of three Republican sheriff's candidates during the Aug. 8 election.

During the primary, Grandchamp will compete against Peter Gonzalez, a local investigator for the District Attorney of the 6th Judicial District, and retired Albuquerque police officer Steve Wadley, for the GOP nomination as candidate for Archuleta County Sheriff in the November general election.

Madrid said Grandchamp, in order to be included on the primary ballot, was required to submit 273 signatures of registered Republican electors by May 25.

Madrid said Grandchamp submitted a total of 443 signatures by the deadline, with 416 qualifying.

She said the signature count was double checked by additional county clerk staff.

Grandchamp chose to bypass the caucus and assembly processes, which is permissible by state election statutes, and opted instead to petition into the primary.

During April's Archuleta County Republican Assembly Gonzalez garnered the majority of delegate support with 64 percent of the vote while Wadley received 36 percent.

First START grads in state at local ed center

The Archuleta County Education Center's Skills, Tasks and Results Training (START) certificate program held a graduation ceremony Wednesday, May 17, at the Community United Methodist Church.

The seven-member graduating class of Ryan Bromley, Clive and Julie Griffith, Pam Shoemig, Beverly Flaming, Loretta Webster and Vanessa Gallegos was not only the first class for the Education Center but was also the first graduating class in the State of Colorado.

Graduates of the program completed intensive classroom and hands-on training to master the skills and competencies associated with 12 line-level positions in the lodging industry, with a focus on rooms division, food and beverage, safety and security, professionalism and guest service.

The START certificate program was developed by the American Hotel and Lodging Association and is based on a 180-hour curriculum that provides the students with real-world knowledge and skills needed to begin a hospitality career.

Wells Fargo offers grants to non-profit groups

Grant applications are now being accepted for the 13th annual Wells Fargo Community Assistance Fund, according to Thomas W. Honig, regional president and chief executive officer for Wells Fargo in Colorado.

Applications, available at all Wells Fargo stores throughout the state, are due June 30.

Through the fund, Wells Fargo will contribute $260,000 to an estimated 200 qualified community-based non-profit organizations. The average grant ranges from $500 to $1,500. Eligible organizations must be certified 501c(3) and have an annual budget of $350,000 or less.

"We're extremely pleased to continue this 13-year tradition of helping organizations that work so hard and do so much to make Colorado a better place to live and work," Honig said. "The Wells Fargo Community Assistance Fund is a component of our overall philanthropic efforts. In 2005, we gave more than $4.5 million to community groups in our state."

For additional information, or to receive an application by mail, organizations should contact the Pagosa local Wells Fargo store.

The Wells Fargo Community Assistance Fund was started in 1993 to provide greatly needed support to small, nonprofit groups that don't have the resources to compete with larger organizations for community support dollars. Since its inception, approximately 2,400 grants totaling more than $2.75 million have been awarded.



Trail work planned near Monument Park

By John Applegate

Special to the SUN

Two weekends ago, the San Juan Outdoor Club and the Trails Council built trail in Martinez Canyon.

This weekend, June 3-4, club and council members are being joined by the Backcountry Horsemen to work on an existing trail segment that starts near Monument Park proper, climbs to the ridge of Horse Mountain and follows it to Devil Mountain.

This is our way to celebrate Trails Day, which is not only observed in Colorado, but throughout the nation.

In Pagosa, we should be ready to celebrate Trails Day with the hundreds of miles of trails that surround us. Sunday, we hope to start on the trail that drops off the ridge of Horse Mountain and continues south.

If you want to participate, be at the gate at the end of Monument Park Road west at 9 a.m. Saturday and/or Sunday. We will furnish lunch on Saturday only.

Drive west from Pagosa Springs on U.S. 160 and turn right on First Fork Road, FS 622, just before the Piedra River Bridge. Next, turn right on Monument Park Road west, FS 630, and drive to the gate at the end of the road. The trip takes approximately 50 minutes.

Please join us; you don't need to be a member of any of the above organizations. Consider yourself a guest of the Trails Council; we will provide the tools.

Wear work clothes and work shoes or boots. Bring gloves, a hat, lunch for Sunday and a lot of drinking water. If you are camping out, bring camping gear and food for additional meals. The Backcountry Horsemen will be eating and camping separately. Be there for the "Wow" when we see the view from the ridge.

Let us know you are coming. Call John Applegate, 731-9325, if you are not already signed up.

Youth fishing clinic offered

Pagosa Springs-area kids are invited to a free fishing clinic, 9 a.m.-noon June 10 at Echo Canyon Reservoir State Wildlife Area. The event is sponsored by the Colorado Division of Wildlife.

The event is open to kids ages 15 and under. All fishing gear and bait will be provided to those who don't have equipment.

Kids are asked to register before the event at the Ponderosa Do-It-Best store or at the Ski and Bow Rack.

Adults accompanying kids will not be required to have a habitat stamp on that day.

Other sponsors of the event include Backcountry Anglers, Terry's Ace Hardware, Let It Fly and Durango Walmart.

Chimney Rock Full Moon Program includes Native American flute player

By Karen Aspin

Special to The SUN

The magical sound of the Native American flute, accompanied by the full moon in the ancient surroundings of Chimney Rock, is a summer staple in southwest Colorado.

Visitors to Chimney Rock Archaeological Area can enjoy this experience as a popular Native American flute player, Charles Martinez, accompanies this educational program scheduled for Saturday, June 10

Martinez, a native Pagosan of Jicarilla Apache and Navajo heritage, is a master of the traditional style of Indian flute playing and has been a local crowd pleaser for many years.

While awaiting the moon's approximate 8 p.m. arrival near the Great House Pueblo site, visitors will learn about the Ancestral Puebloans, the archaeological relationship of Chimney Rock to Chaco Canyon, and archaeoastronomy theories. Glenn Raby, USFS Geologist, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa District, is the program host.

Tickets are $15, and reservations are required, as these popular programs are generally sold out in advance. Visitors should schedule two to three hours for the evening's event. Due to program length and the hike involved to the mesa top, the program is not recommended for children under 12.

The gate will be open from 6:30 to 7 p.m. for those attending the full moon program. Late arrivals cannot be accommodated. The program begins at 7:30 p.m.

As an added feature to the Full Moon Program, the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association (CRIA) offers an optional guided early tour of the lower archaeological sites at Chimney Rock for an additional fee of $5. The gate opens at 5:30 p.m. for those who have signed up for the early tour prior to the Full Moon Program.

Visitors need to come prepared for the outdoors by bringing a flashlight - a necessity when navigating down the trail after the program - warm clothing, good walking shoes, and a blanket or cushion to sit on during the program. No food or pets, please. A "light brigade" of CRIA volunteers is stationed along the trail to assist visitors as they return to their vehicles. The view back to the mesa top from below features an unforgettable view as the stream of lights snakes down the trail. In the event of bad weather, the program will be canceled and possibly rescheduled for the following evening.

For those interested in the Major Lunar Standstill (MLS), the moon will not rise between Chimney Rock and Companion Rock during this Full Moon Program event. Please review the MLS section of the Chimney Rock Web site for the 2006 schedule and details on the MLS programs. MLS tickets went on sale May 15 and are selling fast; the July, August and December programs are already sold out, with waiting lists established.

Tickets for the Summer Solstice Sunrise Program Wednesday, June 21, are also on sale now.

Chimney Rock Archeological Area is located 17 miles west of Pagosa Springs, three miles south of U.S. 160 on Colo. 151. For reservations and more information, call the CRIA office at 264-2287 from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Monday through Friday, or check the Web site at www.chimneyrockco.org.

Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, Inc., sponsors the Full Moon Program in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa Ranger District.

SJOC awards scholarships to five PSHS grads

By Gary Hopkins

Special to The SUN

The San Juan Outdoor Club Scholarship Committee has awarded $1,000 scholarships to five Pagosa Springs High School seniors. The winners are Heather Dahm, Jake Cammack, Josh Hoffman, Derrick Monks and Matt Nobles.

The committee consists of Gary Hopkins, Sara Scott and Sally Hanson - all former educators. In choosing the winners consideration was given to academic excellence, participation in school and community activities and leadership roles. Commitment to community and preservation of the environment, as expressed in a required essay, was an important factor in selecting the winners.

Heather Dahm plans to attend Fort Lewis College, later doing graduate work in biology or chemistry, while exploring career options that will benefit society and the environment.

Jake Cammack will attend Fort Lewis College next fall, attracted by the outdoor and GIS mapping progams offered at the college. He then plans to attend the University of Colorado-Boulder for wildlife management and biology, or the Colorado School of Mines for civil engineering.

Josh Hoffman chose to attend Fort Lewis College for a number of reasons, including good pre-med and outdoor programs, and closeness to home. Josh's interests are in the fields of mathematics and science, and English and writing.

Derrick Monks will attend the University of Colorado-Boulder as a broadcast journalism major. Derrick has been very active in broadcast journalism and video production at Pagosa Springs High School.

Matt Nobles will begin classes at the Colorado School of Mines this fall. After completing a degree in mechanical engineering, Matt would like to return to our community and volunteer as a coach with the high school swimming and wrestling programs, as well as work with youth in 4-H.

Youth educational adventure Camp Rocky

The Colorado Department of Agriculture invites youth ages 14 through 19 who are looking for an educational outdoors adventure to register for Camp Rocky.

Camp Rocky, sponsored by the Colorado Association of Conservation Districts, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and other partners, will be held July 9-15 in a mountain setting above Colorado Springs near Divide. The camp is geared toward youth who enjoy the outdoors and are interested in natural resources.

Camp Rocky staff members are professionals in their respective resource fields. These professionals help participants learn about their environment while working in teams and meeting other students from across Colorado. Each year, new and returning students choose one of the following resource fields for their area of focus:

Forest Management: The forestry team learns about different forest types, how to determine the overall health of the forest, how to find a tree's age without cutting it down, why trees can be dangerous, and how fire can be good for forest health and safety.

Soil and Water Conservation: This team learns about two primary components of nature: soil and water. They will "create" a river and learn how different types of soil affect plants, wildlife, and humans.

Rangeland Science: The rangeland science team learns about the fitness of rangeland and forage. They will study how rangelands provide food for animals, habitat for wildlife, chemicals for fuel, and clean water for drinking and recreation.

Fish and Wildlife Management: The wildlife biology team will track a radio-collared animal, go electro-fishing (a "shocking" experience), and learn how different types of Colorado wildlife survive the elements.

During the second half of the week, students from the different resource teams will work in new, integrated management teams to develop and present natural resource management plans. Participants will also explore, discuss, and use critical thinking and problem solving techniques to find solutions for various controversial environmental issues. Additional activities include volleyball games, hiking, a campfire, the Camp Rocky Challenge, and a dance. At the close of camp, students will receive a Camp Rocky Certificate of Achievement.

Eligible youth include those who have completed eighth grade by June 2006 through age 19. The cost is $250, all inclusive. Limited scholarships are available.

For more information, contact your local Conservation District or the Colorado Association of Conservation Districts, phone (970) 248-0070 or e-mail cacd@cacd.us.

'History of Invasions: Land Use and Weeds'

San Juan Mountains Association, La Plata County and San Juan Public Lands are sponsoring a weed walk titled, "History of Invasions: Land Use and Weeds."

The walk will highlight the history of land use at the San Juan Basin Research Center in Hesperus and how noxious weeds have impacted the land. Dr. Duane Smith from Fort Lewis College, Beth LaShell, research associate at the research station, and Rod Cook, La Plata County weed manager will lead the tour.

The event will take place 6-8 p.m. Wednesday, June 7, at the San Juan Basin Research Center in Hesperus.

Registration is required by calling 385-1210.

Summer Solstice Program at Chimney Rock

By Karen Aspin

Special to The SUN

Watch the sun rise over the San Juans Wednesday, June 21, the first day of summer, and discuss how the Ancient Puebloans may have survived and why they celebrated the solstice.

Summer solstice is the longest day of the year, with sunrise occurring the farthest north on the horizon for the entire year. This unique two- to three-hour event begins at Sun Tower - a place not visited on regular tours - and concludes at Stone Basin, providing two viewing locations.

Tickets are $15 and reservations are required. Due to the hiking and the length of the program, it's suggested that children under 12 not attend.

Visitors need to come prepared for the outdoors by wearing appropriate clothing and good walking shoes. A blanket or cushion to sit on during the program will enhance the experience.

The gate will be open from 5-5:05 a.m., after which there will be no admittance. Sunrise is estimated at approximately 5:48 a.m., and the program runs about two hours in length.

Chimney Rock Archaeological Area is located 17 miles west of Pagosa Springs, three miles south of U.S. 160 on Colo. 151. For more information or to make a reservation, call the Visitors' Cabin at 883-5359 from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Web site visitors will find more information on www.chimneyrockco.org.

This event is sponsored by Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, Inc., in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa District.

Summer ranger presentations at Aztec Ruins

If topics such as Connections to the Land, Nature's Supermarket and Pharmacy, Puebloan Masonry and Architecture, Traditions of the Pueblo Past, Sunwatchers, and Hunting Lodges to Great Kivas are interesting to you, then the Aztec Ruins is where you want to be,11 a.m. and 2 p.m., daily for the summer 2006 Ranger presentations.

Extended summer hours at the Aztec N.M. site, through labor Day, are 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. daily, affording visitors opportunities to attend the interpretive talks, walks, and artistic demonstrations made available at Aztec Ruins.

An 800-yard self-guided trail winds through the massive structure called the West Ruin. Central to the West Ruin's plaza is the reconstructed Great Kiva, once a focal point of prehistoric communal life and currently the location for ranger-led interpretive discussions.

Attending the talks, touring the site, visiting the museum located in the visitor center, and viewing a 25-minute video, "Hisatsinom," provides the visitor with a better understanding of how the Pueblo people lived and raised their families in this special place.

One more stop to round out a tour would be the WNPA bookstore. The outlet offers books, posters, postcards, videos, CD's and related educational materials that will provide a better understanding of these ancient people. All profits from the bookstore are returned to the National Park Service to help support interpretive programs and research, and to develop/print educational materials.

The entrance fee is $5 per adult 16 years and over. Children 15 and under are free. National Park Pass, Golden Age, Golden Eagle and Golden Access Passports, as well as the newly-created Aztec Ruins Passport, are honored.

For information, call (505) 334-6174, Ext. 30. TDD users can phone the same number, and allow ample time for a response.

High Country Reflections

To avoid tragedy, slow down and watch for deer

By Chuck McGuire

SUN Columnist

On a clear mild morning in early June, somewhere in the dense forest outside of town, an expectant mule deer doe has wandered away from the others and bedded down on her own. Though not yet two years of age, she has grown weary under the burden of her first gestation, but now, finally, her time has come.

For an hour she lay quietly on her side, neck stretched and head back, as she endured each painful contraction. Eventually, two small hooves appeared, followed by a distinct muzzle, and within minutes, a tiny spotted fawn weighing barely six pounds lay quivering in the tall grass beside her.

The new mother wasted few precious seconds tending her lone newborn. Following instinct, she quickly cleaned the babe and consumed every trace of the afterbirth, even devouring underlying vegetation, to remove all odors and reduce the odds of attracting predators.

Meanwhile, the new arrival at once tested his mobility and struggled to stand. Although wobbly at first, he stumbled about for a moment, then returned to mother for his first taste of colostrum-rich milk. As the infant nursed heartily, mother worked to further clean and caress him, thus imprinting a powerful ancestral bond on both parent and offspring.

After his initial meal the young ungulate, though still in his first hour of life, had gathered sufficient strength to follow mother some distance from the birthing site. From then on, with predation a serious threat to his survival, she moved him further and further after every nursing, and by just three days of age, he could outrun a man. Within three weeks a coyote couldn't catch him, and in six weeks, as mother began weaning him, he could probably outpace a bobcat or lynx.

In his first month or more, while still nursing on momma's milk, the youthful fawn carried little or no scent and mostly remained motionless in thick brush, waiting for mother's return. Mother, in the meantime, fed well away from him, again dissuading predators from seeking her young.

But, as fawns do, the youngster matured rapidly and for the next several weeks, wherever mother foraged, he tagged along. Between dawn and dusk, he learned to browse succulent shrubs, twigs, grasses and forbs, and mother led him to water and daytime bedding grounds. He learned to listen and sniff the air for the slightest hint of danger, as awareness and understanding of his natural surroundings steadily grew.

Then, one evening, as the pair moved through the trees to the edge of a narrow clearing, they encountered a strange barrier with several unyielding strands that seemed to stretch forever. With but a slight pause, mother examined the impediment, and in a single bound, leaped over and beyond it, to slowly continue on.

As she reached the far side of the clearing and stepped out of view, the baffled young buck became increasingly anxious and for a moment, ran back and forth in search of an opening. Finally, in frantic desperation, he thrust himself between strands, stopping just short of a peculiar hardened surface. At once, an odd sound arose, and a very bright light appeared.

In all his confusion, the still-spotted fawn thought only to run to mother. But, as she stood watching and he perilously dashed toward her, a bizarre and fast-moving object was quickly upon him.

In another instant, mother's juvenile offspring lay floundering in excruciating pain. Though surging adrenalin moved him to rise, critical injuries to his hind quarter left him crippled and unable to stand. In anguish, he thrashed toward the trees and his mother, his loud bawling echoing through the adjoining forest.

Within minutes, two humans approached and mother moved deeper into the bush. Again, the beleaguered buck struggled to stand, but the humans effectively restrained him, at which point, his remaining strength and determination abruptly dissolved. At last, as if conceding his miserable plight, he lay quiet in agony, panting and teetering on the edge of oblivion.

Mercifully, in a short while, another person arrived and soon stood directly over him. Suddenly, with a loud crack and blinding flash, the startled mother broke for the forest and relative safe haven, and the essence of her first-born fawn was relieved of its suffering.

Though this scene sadly unfolded in the street near my home, many such occasions occur all too often, throughout Colorado and across the nation. Most take the lives of innocent creatures, while many cause considerable property damage. Human injuries are not uncommon, and every year animal-vehicle collisions claim the lives of dozens of motorists or their passengers. It's an ongoing dilemma, with few easy answers.

In the 11 years of 1993 through 2003, the Colorado Department of Transportation reported 22,387 animal-vehicle collisions resulting in property damage, and the average cost per vehicle repair was $2,000. In the same period, 23 motorists were killed in similar accidents, and thousands more were injured.

In 2004, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that automobile accidents involving animals cost 200 human lives per year, nationwide. Meanwhile, State Farm Insurance says some 700,000 annual animal-vehicle collisions leave 10,000 people seriously injured, and cause approximately $1.2 billion in damage. The environmental group, Defenders of Wildlife, says a million animals are killed on the nation's highways every day, claiming more wildlife than any other human activity.

In Colorado, only speeding and inattentive driving result in more accidents than animals appearing on roadways. Many collisions occur on streets in towns, large and small, but the Colorado State Patrol suggests most involve big game on mountain roads. Each spring and fall, as deer, elk, bighorn sheep and other species migrate between winter and summer ranges, they cross all kinds of roads in the hours from dawn to dusk.

Patt Dorsey, an area wildlife manager in Durango, says stretches of U.S. 160 between Pagosa Springs and Cortez are "major kill zones," where deer and elk carcasses constantly litter roadsides, providing scavengers with ample fare. U.S. 84 south to New Mexico and Colo. 151 south to Arboles also suffer considerable carnage, and U.S. 160 from Pagosa Springs to South Fork, particularly either side of Wolf Creek Pass, is also treacherous in the nighttime or twilight hours. Of course, there is a long list of roads enduring similar devastation statewide.

The best advice anyone can give motorists traveling through forested mountain areas is to pay attention to wildlife warning signs, slow down and always remain alert. When possible, scan ahead for movement or the reflection of an animal's eyes in the headlights. Once one is obvious, watch for others, and even if a large animal darts in front of the vehicle, never swerve to avoid it, while retaining control during and after a collision.

While threats of predation, winter starvation and even disease pose considerable challenges to Colorado's mule deer (both young and mature alike), increasing automobile traffic on an ever-expanding road system kills thousands more every year.

Perhaps, by modifying existing roads to allow safer crossings, and planning future road development that avoids critical migration corridors, we can reduce the devastating impacts our society has on the state's deer and other wildlife. Until then, driving with extra caution will help.

After all, June has arrived, and somewhere in the dense forest outside of town, a new generation of fawns is arriving too.



Not familiar

Dear Editor:

It was disturbing to read such vitriolic criticism of Democratic Party Chair Ben Douglas. I have been active in the party since moving here in 1972. County and town politics have changed a lot since then but rarely, if ever, because of any party's leadership attributes or failures. Party strengths and weaknesses are primarily a reflection of demographics and the independent character of simply being a Coloradan.

I have never met Anita Sherman Hughes. If she was an active participant, I missed that during the three years I served as Democratic Party Chair. If she volunteered to be a precinct committeeperson or party officer, I missed that, too.

When Ben had served the party in many ways - knowledgeably, creatively and always kindly - it was a great pleasure to pass the gavel to his capable hands. He received the unanimous and enthusiastic support of the other volunteers on the central committee after being more than honest about the fact that he still works for a living, often out of state.

If Ms. Sherman thinks he hasn't done his job, she has developed that opinion in the absence of familiarity with the process, the party's accomplishments or the realities of our locale. I think she should call Ben Douglas and apologize.

Kerry Dermody

Dress code

Dear Editor:

I think it's about time our Washington representatives adopt a new dress code. Orange prison coveralls for the Republicans, clown suits for the Democrats.

Bob Dungan

P.S. Good to see Jim Sawicki back in print. I thought the old boy had died. Jim does get one thing right: the debt we owe our fallen and wounded veterans.


Dear Editor:

Regarding the new Archuleta County land use and zoning plan and elimination of the section pertaining to junk or other nuisance items, I ask one question. How do we get rid of the idiots that think this is not a current and significant problem now? Oh, I know that we can vote the commissioners out and probably will, but how do we get rid of Gerald Dahl, David Alvord and Bob Campbell?

Walt Geisen

Thank veterans

Dear Editor:

Many thanks to Jim Sawicki for the powerful letter concerning our many veterans which appeared in the May 25 SUN. The least we can do is say thank you to these men and women as we go about enjoying the freedoms they defend for us.

The two events presented by the American Legion on this Memorial Day were well-attended and so meaningful. Lt. Col. Don Bartlett, after actually experiencing this situation, told us what it was like to face another human being who would simply kill you if you didn't kill him first - most thought-provoking. Lt. Col. Jim Huffman read the last e-mail sent from his son before he was killed in Iraq. A pregnant moment.

Thank you to all the "heroes in our midst" and the many other veterans and those serving now.

Cindy Gustafson

Mounted Rangers

Dear Editor:

In a fast growing city what will it take? What do we need to offer young and middle age men and women to join with the Colorado Mounted Rangers? We are looking for suggestions and committed new members. Please check out the Colorado Mounted Ranger Web site, comountedranger.com

We work closely with the sheriff and police departments.

Please call 731-9315 or 264-0038 or e-mail colomustang@yahoo.com.


Wayne Strauss, Captain,

and the officers of the Colorado Mounted Rangers

  Community News

Eileen Ivers, Ruthie Foster headliners at Indiefest

By Crista Munro

Special to The PREVIEW

Just a little more than a week until the gates open on the inaugural FolkWest Independent Music Festival.

Indiefest will deliver 10 incredible sets of live music over two days on June 10 and 11 on Reservoir Hill. The festival will also include a kids' program, arts and crafts vending and on-site camping.

Rarely do first year festivals feature the likes of this year's headliners - Eileen Ivers and Ruthie Foster.

Both of these amazing women have won over Four Corners Folk Festival audiences in the past, earning them hundreds of die-hard fans from all over the region.

Closing Saturday night is fiddle phenom Eileen Ivers who will change the way you think about the violin.

Eileen is a nine-time All-Ireland Fiddle Champion and has played with the London Symphony Orchestra, the National Symphony at The Kennedy Center, the Boston Pops, the Chieftains, Al DiMeola and others too numerous to mention. She's a past musical star of "Riverdance," a founding member of Cherish the Ladies and she's performed for presidents and royalty worldwide. In short, fiddler Eileen Ivers has established herself as the preeminent exponent of the Irish fiddle in the world today.

It is a rare and select grade of spectacular artists whose work is so boldly imaginative and clearly virtuosic that it alters the medium itself. Ivers has been called a "sensation" by Billboard magazine and "the Jimi Hendrix of the violin" by The New York Times. "She electrifies the crowd with a dazzling show of virtuoso playing," says The Irish Times.

The daughter of Irish immigrants, Eileen Ivers grew up in the culturally diverse neighborhood of the Bronx, New York. Rooted in Irish traditional music since the age of 8, Eileen proceeded to win more than 30 championship medals, making her one of the most awarded musicians ever to compete in these prestigious competitions. Being an Irish-American, the intrigue of learning more about the multicultural sounds of her childhood took hold. After graduating magna cum laude in mathematics from Iona College, and while continuing her postgraduate work in mathematics, Eileen fully immersed herself in the different genres of music which she experienced growing up in New York.

In 1999, Eileen established a touring production to present the music which now encompasses Eileen Ivers and Immigrant Soul. This mix of African and Latin percussion and bass, Irish instrumentalists, and American soulful vocals headlines major performing arts centers, guest stars with numerous symphonies, performs at major festivals worldwide and has appeared on national and international television. The L.A. Times proclaimed, "Ivers' presentation was music with the kind of life and spirit that come together when talented artists from different backgrounds find the linkages that connect all forms of music ... no wonder the audience loved every minute."

Sunday night brings Ruthie Foster to close the show. Ruthie's songs are a remarkable hybrid of blues, gospel, roots and folk music rich with honest spirituality and emotion. Her simply amazing vocal abilities have critics comparing her to Ella Fitzgerald and Aretha Franklin.

Ruthie's passionate songs and scintillating live performances attract both the young and old for an uplifting experience of dancing, listening, laughing and even some crying; especially when Ruthie rounds out the joyous occasion with her versions of show-stopping gospel standards.

Ruthie's new international release "Stages" is a collection of 14 songs recorded live in Austin, Texas, with Will Taylor and String's Attached chamber ensemble at St. David's Episcopal Church, Anderson Fair in Houston, and Club Passim in Boston. The live performances include old favorites like "Crossover," "Another Rain Song" and "Real Love" as well as roof-raising gospel standards "Death Came a Knockin' (Travelin' Shoes)" and "Walk On." The CD finishes with the title cut to her breakthrough CD "Runaway Soul."

Ruthie's performance highlights include PBS syndicated Austin City Limits, which has aired in 2003 and 2004; a 2004 tour of UK theaters with Eric Bibb; The Strawberry Music Festival in California, the Vancouver Folk Festival, the Four Corners Folk Festival, the Willie Nelson Picnic, the Winnipeg Folk Festival, Folks Fest in Lyons, Colo., Bass Concert Hall, the Waterfront Blues Festival in Oregon, the Tonder Festival in Denmark, the Philadelphia Folk Festival, the Austin City Limits Festival, and many others too numerous to mention.

Raised in Gause, Texas, a small town 180 miles southeast of Dallas, Ruthie grew up surrounded by the rich, soulful sounds of gospel and blues. Her outstanding voice and superb original music have many influences including Sam Cooke, Mahalia Jackson, Sister Rosetta Thorpe, Sarah Vaughn, Etta James, and Lightnin' Hopkins, although perhaps no one has influenced Ruthie like her mother, Shirley Jones, who urged her to "Open your mouth and sing, girl!"

Foster's musical journey has taken her from McClennan Community College in Waco, Texas, and a degree in commercial music, to a four-year tour with the U.S. Navy Band "Pride," to New York City and a contract with Atlantic Records. During her stay in New York, Ruthie appeared at many of the top venues in town opening and performing with artists such as Josh White, Jr., Matt "Guitar" Murphy, the Fabulous Thunderbirds, and Paul Schaffer.

Eileen Ivers will perform at 6:30 p.m. Saturday night; Ruthie Foster takes the stage at 6:30 p.m. Sunday. Both women are worth the price of admission alone - but don't miss out on the other eight amazing bands that will be playing throughout the two days.

Two-day or single-day tickets for the festival are on sale downtown at Moonlight Books and also at WolfTracks Coffee and Books in the Pagosa Country Center. Children 12 and under are admitted free with an accompanying adult.

To purchase tickets with a credit card, or for additional information, call (970) 731-5582 or visit www.folkwest.com. There may still be a few volunteer positions available; if interested call the number above.

Music, Mirth and Muses

By Paul Roberts

Special to The PREVIEW

Music, Mirth and Muses - an original ECA production - will be presented AT 7 p.m. Saturday, June 17, at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.

In Music, Mirth and Muses, musical performances, dances, poems, comedy and skits are weaved together by Sire John the Bard, played by local legend John Graves.

Performers include dancers Deb Aspen and Charles Jackson, harpist Natalie Tyson, flautist Joy Redmon, classical saxophonist Bob Nordmann, vocalists Mathew and Tiffany Brunson and June Marquez, violinist Chris Baum, pianists Sue Anderson and John Graves, trumpet player/vocalist/humorist Larry Elginer, radio show performer Jarrell Tyson, musicians Carla and Paul Roberts, and singer/dancer/actress Sally Yates.

Sally Yates jumped into the cast of a local theater production practically the minute she moved to Pagosa five years ago. Since that time, she has delighted audiences with her performances in seven theatrical productions and several concerts. "I just love to sing, dance and act," says Yates. The audience loves to see her do it, too. Yates has an abundance of creative passion and exuberant enthusiasm for the performing arts.

"What I love about Music, Mirth and Muses," says Yates, "is that the show is continually evolving. It's fun to be a part of a collaborative effort in which all the participants contribute to the production by brainstorming and sharing creative ideas."

Growing up in Pennsylvania, Yates began formal dance training when she was 6 years old. "I loved ballet and tap," she says. "We had a recital every year and that was always fun." Yates enjoyed singing in her school choir, performing in school theater productions and singing folk music. After a 20-year break, Yates reconnected with the performing arts while living in Florida. She sang with a church choir, took up country dancing and performed with a community theater.

Yates is highly appreciative of the local performing arts scene. "When I moved here I was awestruck by the talent in this town," she says. "For such a small town to have so much talent is just amazing to me." She commends the strong community support for the arts in Pagosa. "Everyone whom I've worked with in the choir and the theater is so friendly, helpful and encouraging. They encourage you to reach for your best. What people in the arts are willing to give to others, to nurture their artistic development, is awe inspiring to me. It makes me want to do more. It makes me want to do better."

Living in Pagosa, Yates' creative aspirations have gained momentum. She has been a regular performer in Music Boosters and Community Choir productions. She particularly likes musicals because they offer her the opportunity to engage all three of her performing talents. As an actress, singer and dancer, Yates covers all the bases. "My joy of life comes largely from those three things," she says. "They make my life worthwhile."

Come enjoy the talents of Sally Yates June 17 at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse in Music, Mirth and Muses, a collaborative effort of local performers who have stretched beyond the boundaries of their various artistic styles, to find common ground in the inspiration of creative expression.

Admission is $8 for adults, $4 for young people, 18 and under.

Tickets will be available at the door.

Please bring a dessert to share, if you wish. Volunteers are needed to help with setup, cleanup and refreshments.

Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse is located at 230 Port Ave. Take U.S. 160 to Vista Boulevard. Take Vista to Port Avenue.

Music, Mirth and Muses is produced by Elation Center for the Arts, a local 501(c) 3 nonprofit arts organization. Through community concerts and educational programs, ECA strives to serve through artistic excellence. For more information, see elationarts.org on the Web or call 731-3117.

Children's chorus part of next Boosters' show

By Dale Morris

Special to the PREVIEW

The cast of "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat" are working their way through the maze of vocal and dance challenges that are part of the 20-plus songs in the production.

The Music Boosters organization has been waiting patiently for the right opportunity to bring together this outstanding cast of actors and performers - and now is the time.

"Joseph" is unique in many areas of its production; one of the most interesting being the inclusion of a children's chorus as part of the show. Musical director Sue Andersen has assembled 15 children, ranging in age from 7 to 12, as performers. They will be singing, dancing and acting their way through the lands of Canaan and Egypt as they portray the story of Jacob, Joseph and his sons.

The chorus includes Leslie Baughman, Megan Davey, Brooke Hampton, Hannah Hemenger, Sierra Hewett, Abby Hicklen, Johanna Laverty, Breanna Voorhis, Madelyn Davey, Carrie Patterson, Hannah Sarnowski, Jessie Tuller, Jesse Laverty, Bobby Tuller, Billy Baughman and Colin Oliver.

"Joseph" will open in early July. For more information, go to pagosamusicboosters.org.

Pretenders at the library June 10

By Barb Draper

Special to the PREVIEW

While there are no story hour programs at the library until June 27 when the Summer Reading Program begins, the Pagosa Pretenders Family Theatre is continuing regular programming throughout the summer.

This entertaining group presents special programs at 11 a.m. the second Saturday of every month. The next interactive presentation (for all ages - young and old) will be June 10 in the Commons Room. If you have never been to one of these performances, come see what wonderful activities these teens have in store for you.

The Summer Reading Program will begin later this year than in the past, so families can have a break for vacations, swim lessons, Bible schools, etc. We will begin our activities Tuesday, June 27, and continue through Friday, Aug. 4. Registration packets are ready now. Just ask at the circulation desk. Don't get caught in a long registration line on June 27.

This year's theme is "Paws, Claws, Scales and Tales," which means we are going to do all kinds of things that relate to animals. And, yes, there will be live animals for you to meet at some of our programs.

This is primarily for toddlers through grade 6, but there are also many opportunities for junior high and high school students. There is an on-line chess club being formed; there will be book groups for those who are interested, and teen volunteers are welcomed.

Teens, if you enjoy reading stories, acting out stories for younger children, or helping with simple craft projects, contact me at the library, 264-2209. There will be an organizational meeting at the library at 1 p.m. Tuesday, June 6, for any teens who wish to participate.

Watch The PREVIEW for a more complete calendar of events as June 27 draws closer.

Reason turns him into a believer

By Dorman Diller

Special to The PREVIEW

"At one time in my life, I was totally and firmly convinced that there was no such thing as God - that anybody who believed in God was silly, superstitious and ignorant, and had simply not looked at the evidence," said John Clayton.

So, primarily to prove a certain churchgoing girl wrong, Clayton began to search the Bible for proof to throw in her face. In college, he began to write a book, "All The Stupidity Of The Bible." But in his study to disprove God, he found logical evidence in the physical sciences proving the existence of God. He is now a committed Christian who formally taught science and math. He travels around the United States and overseas asking people in his lectures to consider the scientific evidence for the existence of God.

He will present his "Does God Exist?" seminar at the community center June 9-10. "There is no hell-fire and brimstone stuff in what we are presenting. But you should know why you believe what you believe whether you are an atheist, Buddhist, Hindu or Christian. What we are saying is you can intelligently and logically believe in God and the Bible as His work." Clayton said he grew up an atheist for the same reason most people grow up with their religious beliefs. "That's what my parents were. I didn't believe in God for the same reason other people did believe in God."

In presenting his seminars, Clayton wants people to ask the question "Does God Exist?" and consider why they believe or do not believe in God. He believes if people will look at the facts and come to intelligent, responsible conclusions they, too, can discover God.

Clayton does not try to solicit people in any way. He does not charge money or ask for an admission fee. He publishes a periodical and an international video program that is available in 32 different languages. Clayton operates all this and he offers his material free of charge. For more information you can visit his Web site at doesgodexist.org.

His free seminar at the community center is open to everyone. Sessions will be presented 7-9 p.m. Friday and Saturday followed by a question-and-answer period. There will be a special session for grade-school children and their parents 10 a.m.-noon Saturday at the community center. A special session for teenagers and their parents will be held 3-5 p.m. Saturday.

Unitarians: Evoking spiritual experience

On Sunday, June 4, Ilene Haykus will speak to the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship on "Evoking Spiritual Experience in Our Lives."

She will discuss the meaning of "spiritual growth" and explore the variety of circumstances in which people have experienced profound states of consciousness in their lives. Ilene will also share stories from her own journey and the journeys of others - both well known and anonymous - to "inspire us to spiritual growth in our community."

With a master's degree in psychology from Antioch University, Haykus has taught and practiced hypnotherapy as a tool for personal transformation since 1989, and has served as a congregational leader within the Unitarian Universalist movement since 2002.

The service, children's program, and child care begin at 10:30 in the Fellowship Hall, Unit 15, Greenbriar Plaza. Turn east on Greenbrier Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the back parking lot and look for the big sign. All are welcome.

2006 Relay for Life - calling all survivors

By Jessie Formwalt

Special to The PREVIEW

The Relay for Life is a symbol of hope and celebration of life for cancer survivors, caregivers, family and friends.

From 6 p.m. Friday, June 16, through 8 a.m. Saturday, June 17, the American Cancer Society will host the 2006 Relay for Life at Town Park in Pagosa Springs.

There will be an opening ceremony at 6 p.m. to acknowledge and honor all the survivors present, followed by a survivor lap around the course for those who are able. After the survivor lap, all survivors and their caregivers are invited to join us for a cake reception.

If you are a cancer survivor and able to attend, R.S.V.P. to Jessie Formwalt at 264-2506, then show up at Pagosa Springs Town Park June 16 between 5 and 5:45 p.m. to register and pick up your T-Shirt.

Methodist Church offers VBS

Community United Methodist Church will soon be transformed into an archaeological dig site where children from age 4 to those entering sixth grade next year, are invited to become Treasure Seekers at their summer Vacation Bible School, "Adventure of the Treasure Seekers: Exploring God's Promises."

The action begins June 12 and ends June 16, with sessions 8:30-11:30 a.m.

There will be daily "discovery digs" for children to explore the Scriptures and find God's promises. This program offers fun, interactive activities that combine the world of archaeology with the discovery of treasures in the Bible. Each day, children will take part in an actual dig and find treasures that remind them of the Bible story and God's promise for that day.

The children will also be involved in a mission project for Covenant Education Center, a Christian day care center in Shiprock, N.M., sing great Treasure Seekers tunes, play teamwork-building games, create some memorable crafts, enjoy tasty snacks and make many new friends.

Children and Youth Ministries Coordinator and VBS Director Janet Rainey says, "Adventure of the Treasure Seekers is an exciting way for kids to learn more about God's love in a way that brings the message to life. The archaeological dig is a great way to capture their imaginations and also draw the parallel of digging into the Bible to discover God's promises. We'll begin each day at the Big Dig with our theme characters, Dr. Ziggurat (or "Zig" for short) and Professor Whoo before heading out to experience some terrific activities led by a very talented team of volunteers. It's going to be an incredible amount of fun."

The entire community is invited to join Community United Methodist church at 8:30 a.m. June 12 to be a part of "Adventure of the Treasure Seekers."

Preregistration is encouraged (but not required) for planning adequate supplies and space.

For more information, call Janet Rainey or Joan Rodger at 264-5508.

Trail ride season is underway, numerous events planned

By Kerry Bingham

Special to The PREVIEW

Horseback riding in the backcountry can be a potentially enjoyable experience. It can also be potentially stressful. But, with a little experience, the stress melts away and the fluidity and camaraderie between horse and rider emerges.

Imagine trail riding with folks who are knowledgeable, extremely friendly, fun and dedicated and developing a trusting, solid relationship with your mount.

The San Juan Trail Riders would like to invite all horse enthusiasts to join them for this season's NATRC (North American Trail Riding Conference) season. All breeds of horses, all disciplines of riding, all types of equipment, all ages of riders (from age 10 and up), all levels of riders from novice to experts, can and do participate in these rides. It is a wonderful mix of horse lovers all across our diverse western spectrum.

The rides are not races, yet there is a competitive edge as the horses and riders compete for awards and prizes. Equines are judged by the veterinarian judge on soundness, willingness, and conditioning. Riders are judged by the horsemanship judge on horsemanship skills. I'd like to warn you, however, that competitive trail riding can be totally addictive. I tried my first CTR ride two years ago in the novice division and now am totally hooked. I have found the rides to be extremely educational, challenging and most importantly, fun If you like doing things with your horse, traveling to great places to ride, and camping with friends in beautiful spots then this is the sport for you.

On a typical weekend, you show up to the campground Friday afternoon or evening, hopefully before dark. You search for the perfect camp spot. You'll see all kinds of accommodations there, from the fanciest trailer with full living quarters to people sleeping in the back of their truck, on the ground, or in an old tent. You get your horse all squared away, tied to the trailer with plenty of food and water. Then you find the registration desk, sign in, pay a fee for the weekend, get your numbered vest, welcome packet, your weekend itinerary, maps and a friendly greeting. You return to camp, make your horse as pretty as possible (no need to worry about making yourself too pretty Š everyone is in the same disastrous state by the end of the weekend anyway) and go to the vet check-in. The presiding vet judge will do a quick examination of your horse. Then he will usually have you trot him out a short distance in hand, lunge him a few circles in each direction, then trot back. Finally, you are free to go back to your camp and relax a little before the riders' meeting. At the meeting, the vet judge and the horsemanship judge are introduced. The course and map are covered in detail. A short meeting for first time riders to help with any questions they may have follows. Several mentors are on hand to make sure first-time riders have all the help and advice they want or need. Then it's back to camp, maybe take a little walk with your horse to stretch his legs, get tucked in for the night and try to sleep even though you're so excited you can't stand it.

The next morning, the ride managers are usually courteous enough to waken you way before dawn with a loud blaring horn. Hate to be late on the first day.

Your first duty is to pamper your horse before the busy day. Then you have time to stumble to the outhouse, chug a cup of cowboy coffee, don your vest, saddle up, make sure you have your map, a hoofpick, a small knife, a watch and some water and you're ready to go. Oftentimes one of the water trucks will haul your lunch up to the lunch stop for you Š and sometimes lunch is even served on the trail.

There are three divisions in NATRC Competitive Trail Rides: Novice (Heavyweight and Lightweight), Competitive Pleasure and Open (heavyweight and lightweight). There is also a "DO" (Distance Only) division where the riders do not compete for places and can opt out of obstacles if they want. The Novice and Competitive Pleasure (CP) riders usually do about 20 miles, with the Open riders completing about 30 miles. The Open riders leave first, followed by CP and Novice. The map is marked with lettered checkpoints. The checkpoints are marked on the trail, which is marked with colored ribbon. A time frame is suggested for each point. If you are 15 minutes early or 15 minutes late you are doing okay. If you don't make it in the certain time frame to lunch or to the end of the ride, you lose points. The time frame exists so that the judges will have time to get to certain points and so that the safety riders will be able to "bring up the rear." There is a lunch break halfway through the course and drinks for the riders and horses are available in several places along the course. Also along the course are the infamous "obstacles." The creative horsemanship judges have you do all kinds of fun things such as a judged mount, opening and closing a gate, and perhaps sidepassing over a log. You may be asked to cross water, back through an obstacle, put on a rain slicker while mounted or show where you are on the topographical map. Some people tend to stress a little about the obstacles, but I view them as a challenge and mark it up as a learning experience. In theory, the obstacles are things that a horse and rider team could potentially come across on the trail.

Also, along the trail you will have P and R checks (pulse and respiration). These are usually performed after a physically challenging hill or "trot" to the P and R. When you arrive to the P and R you are immediately given a card with the time you arrived. At this point you try to calm your horse and do everything in your power to get him to calm down. Not always easy to do when you're having a hard time relaxing yourself. By this time your back and/or posterior usually feel like you're riding for the first time in your life and your bladder feels like Mt. St. Helens. In exactly 10 minutes your horse's pulse and respiration are taken. If your horse has not recovered physically (the pulse and respiration rates are still too high) you must wait another 10 minutes and you lose points. If your horse has still not recovered in another ten minutes your horse will probably be pulled from the ride. When you finally get back to camp, six to seven hours later, your first duty is to take care of your horse and take him to the vet judge for check in. The vet judge will check for lameness, puffiness, soreness and hydration. Horses can again be pulled if the judge decides the horse is not up to another day of riding. I have always appreciated the organization's obvious care for our equine friends. Their physical well-being is placed miles above the rider's physical comfort.

Saturday evening is usually filled with a dinner or potluck and good times. Sunday's trail is usually a little different, sometimes completely different from Saturday's trail. Sometimes it is a bit shorter without a lunch break to get people back to camp earlier to prepare for awards and a possible trip home. Awards are given to the horses from the vet judge and to the riders by the horsemanship judge. There is so much potential for learning from both judges and from the abundance of horse lovers camped around you. You get to meet interesting people, travel and ride to beautiful places and have the opportunity to increase your level of camaraderie with your horse. It is a challenge; an exciting challenge.

Rides scheduled for this year are: Willow Springs, June 10-11, Jefferson; Purgatory, July 22-23, Durango; Colorado Trail, August 5-6, Buffalo Creek, Colo.; Island In The Sky, Aug. 19-20, near Grand Junction; Rocky Mountain Dream, Sept. 16-17, Granby; Chile Line, Sept. 30-Aug. 1, Taos, N.M.

You can find more information at our Web site,www.natrc3.org/r3/or call Kerry at (505) 327-1579 or Beth at (505) 326-6797.

Local Chatter

Piecemakers' quilt is beautiful, ready for July 4 raffle

By Carol Fulenwider

Special to The PREVIEW

Fran Jenkins brought an absolutely beautiful quilt to a recent Homemaker's meeting for all to see .

The 30 or so women there were enthralled with the breathtaking colors and wonderful workmanship.

Then came the announcement that this king-sized work of art was to be raffled by the Pagosa Springs Piecemakers Quilt Guild to raise money for their community projects. Every woman in the room began thinking about the thrill it would be to win it, either for their own bed or to give as a very special gift.

The quilt is king size, 98 by 98 inches, and it includes two king sized pillow shams. The name of the pattern is Hidden Wells, and it has something of an Asian flair. The colors are deep, saturated, sun-drenched and jewel-toned: reds, metallic gold, robust browns and bold black. It will be awarded to the winner at the close of the biannual Quilt Show at 1 p.m. July 4.

The quilt guild board members made the quilt using fine fabrics from Lonnie Rossi's Cultivated Cottons. Board members who made this treasure are: Linda Bennett, Fran Jenkins, Joan Rodgers, Pam Thompson, Sandy Howe, Deneice Stacy, Janie Baker, Karen Streiff, Shari Pierce, Janet Nordmann, and Cathy Henry is assisting Shari Pierce. They and every member of the quilt guild have tickets to sell.

Fran says that she and other board members are attempting to take the quilt and visit as many clubs and organizations as possible in the coming months to show the quilt, and they are looking for invitations to those gatherings. It takes just a few minutes for the stunned silence, followed by the "aahs," while one of these talented ladies explains about the quilt and the raffle. So if you know a group that would like to have them visit, call Linda Bennett at 731-0141 to make plans.

The quilt wasat the arts and crafts Fair at the community center May 26 and 27.

By the way, these women do not just sit around stitching on their own quilts. The make quilts as gifts for Alzheimer's patients and for law enforcement and social service agencies to give to children who have been involved in accidents or other difficult situations, and baby quilts for local organizations.

Also of note, the biannual Quilt Show by the Pagosa Springs Quilt Guild will be held over the Fourth of July holiday this year. During odd-numbered years the guild offers a challenge for quilters that is on display at the fair. If you haven't taken the time to see the exhibit in past years, then put it on your calendar right now before you can make any other plans. It's great!

I've seen quilt shows, including the big one at Fair Park in Dallas, and the mountain guilds of North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. This show is so very high in quality that it holds it's own against all these. Don't miss it, and don't miss a chance to get that magnificent quilt being raffled by the guild.

Community Center News

Over the hill? Get on the court with the Hoopsters

By Becky Herman

PREVIEW Columnist

Irma and Reuben Mesa are back in town. We are very glad to see them and also happy for Irma's continued support of the community center by means of her volunteer efforts. Thanks Irma.

Sacchi and Lewis Stallman helped set up the gym for our spring arts and crafts show. Special thanks to both of them for their hard work. And also a big thank you to the TOPS guys who helped set up tables for the vendors.

The center's phone number is 264-4152. Mercy's extension is 22 and Michelle's is 21. You can reach me at rhp@zworg.com. Please feel free to contact any of us with questions or comments.

June dance

Our next dance is Friday, June 23 - actually a dinner and dance that will feature live music from The High Rollers out of Durango. They will play a variety of music to suit everyone's taste. The dinner will be catered and, as has been done in the past, there will be a cash bar with assorted beers and wines. Tickets will be available at WolfTracks and the center.

Patriotic Sing-Along

Don't forget, we need those photographs of those who have served or are serving in the military for our program honoring veterans and those on active duty during the Patriotic Sing-Along Friday, June 30.

A dessert potluck will follow the sing-along which kicks off Pagosa's Fourth of July celebration. The Chamber of Commerce will again provide flags for all attendees.

Call Mercy at 264-4152 or Andy Fautheree, veterans' service officer at 731-3837 for more information.

Wildflower photos

Bruce Andersen is planning a two-day wildflower workshop.

The first session is 7-9 p.m. Saturday, June 3, and will be held in the center's South Conference Room. The second day's session is 7-11 a.m. Sunday, June 4, and it will be a field trip.

Bruce encourages you to learn photographic techniques for close-ups and general landscape photos and to enjoy the "magic hour" - the perfect time to take pictures in the morning light. Both digital and film photographers are welcome. Don't forget to bring your camera. The cost is $75.

Over-the-Hill Hoopsters

Larry Page started this group of enthusiastic seniors who play basketball at 8 a.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays. Some of them played college ball at Mississippi State, Kentucky, UCLA and Kansas State.

But don't let that history stop you from coming to see what this group is all about. They have lots of laughs and get a little exercise in the bargain. By the way, you don't have to be a senior - everyone is welcome.

eBay Club

The next meeting of the eBay Club will be held at the center at 9 a.m. Thursday, June 15. Anyone interested in buying or selling (or both) on eBay is welcome to attend. Call Ben Bailey at 264-0293 or e-mail him at benbaileynewton@yahoo.com if you plan to attend. Members are picking up lots of really great tips for using eBay; don't miss out! This club is not affiliated with or endorsed by eBay Inc.

Line dancing

Our wonderful Gerry Potticary and her line-dancing friends meet Monday mornings. Those who need a little extra help come at 10 a.m. and everyone else at 10:30. The number of people who come for this free, community center-sponsored program is growing fast. Gerry says that adventurous women and brave gentlemen are always welcome.

Upcoming events

The community center needs volunteers for all three of the following events. Please let us know if you can contribute costumes, your time or your expertise in other areas, such as decorating or distributing tickets or fliers. The center needs your participation to make these efforts successful.

- Aug. 11 - Around the World in Pagosa. This event will feature a parade of traditional costumes and tastes of food from different countries. We need men, women and children to participate. Each volunteer will represent a country and display the traditional costume of that country. Others will prepare and sell foods that represent the different countries. More details to follow; volunteers should call Mercy now at 264-4152, Ext. 22.

- Oct. 21 - Hunters' Ball. This will be a dinner and dance fund-raiser for everyone, but especially for hunters. All kinds of volunteers are needed, such as women dressed in early 1800s costumes; groups to perform short, funny melodramas; or businesses to sell souvenirs and gifts.

- First week of December - Festival of Trees. We are looking for individuals, families or groups to sponsor trees which will be decorated and displayed for a week at the center. There will be a nominal entry fee for each tree. At the end of the week, trees will be auctioned off and the money will go to a non-profit organization, chosen by the tree's sponsor.

Computer lab news

Here are the dates for the next Beginning Computing classes: June 6,7, 13,14, 20,21, 27 and 28 and July 5,6 ,11,12, 18,19, 25 and 26.

The Tuesday class, by the way, is open to everyone. The Wednesday class is for seniors. Currently, the waiting list has enough people on it to fill both the Tuesday and the Wednesday classes. However, it sometimes happens that someone who requested space in one of the classes is unable to come. So ,my suggestion is that you call and leave your name and phone number in case we have an opening. I'll be calling everyone who has signed up during the next two or three days. This is the tentative schedule for the eight sessions:

- Week 1 - Basic hardware devices, mouse and keyboard practice.

- Week 2 - Using Windows, terms to know.

- Week 3 - Internet, browsers, search engines, cookies, etc.

- Week 4 - E-mail basics.

- Week 5 - File structure and organization.

- Week 6 - Files, continued, including finding lost ones.

- Week 7 - Downloading and installing programs.

- Week 8 - Security and general best practices.

Center's summer hours

The center is open 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday, and Saturdays from 10-4.

Activities this week

Today - Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; computer Q&A session with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; Chamber of Commerce alcohol training class, 1-5 p.m.; Forest Service training orientation, 1-5 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Medicare class, 6-8 p.m.; San Juan Outdoor Club, 6:30-9 p.m.

June 2 - Forest Service driving course training, 8 a.m.-1 p.m.; senior bridge, 12:30-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 2-8 p.m.

June 3 - Spring wildflower photography workshop, 7-9 p.m.; Arts Council meeting and auction, 5-9 p.m.; Teen center open, 11 a.m.-4 p.m.

June 4 - Church of Christ Sunday service, 9 a.m.-noon; Grace Evangelical Free Church service, 10 a.m.-noon; High Roads Baptist church, 2-4 p.m.

June 5 - Police department liquor compliance training, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.; line dancing, 10-11:30 a.m.; senior walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Spanish Arts and Crafts summer camp, 12:30-3:30 and 3:30-6:30 p.m.; senior bridge, 12:30-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Red Cross meeting, 6-7:30 p.m.

June 6 - Over-the-Hill Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; Police department liquor compliance training, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.; Beginning Computing, 10 a.m.-noon; seniors' walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Spanish Arts and Crafts summer camp, 12:30-3:30 and 3:30-6:30 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Archuleta Democratic Party meeting, 6:30-7:30 p.m.

June 7 - Photo class with Wendy, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.; Beginning Computing for seniors, 10 a.m.-noon; Wednesday bridge club, 10 a.m.-3 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Weight Watchers, 4:45-6:45 p.m.; Waldorf initiative parent meeting, 5:30-8:30 p.m.; Church of Christ Bible study, 7-8 p.m.

June - Over-the-Hill-Hoopsters, 8-9 a.m.; Spanish Arts and Crafts summer camp, 12:30-3:30 and 3:30-6:30 p.m.; computer Q&A session with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Chimney Rock Volunteers potluck, 6-8 p.m.; Arthritis class, 6-8 p.m.

Need a place to have a party or meeting? We have very affordable rooms for small, mid-size and large groups. A catering kitchen is also available. Tables, chairs, a portable stage, a dance floor and audiovisual equipment are available, too. The center is located at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. Call 264-4152.

Senior News

Seniors, pay heed to food types, food safety

By Jim Pearson

SUN Columnist

Last year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture reported that sales in organic food and beverages grew from $1 billion in 1990 to an estimated $14.5 billion in 2005. Organic retail sales have grown between 20 and 24 percent each year since 1990.

In 2000, more organic food was purchased in conventional supermarkets than in any other venue for the first time. National organic standards were implemented by the USDA in October 2002.

Organic crops are raised without using most conventional pesticides petroleum based fertilizers, or sewage sludge-based fertilizers. Animals raised on an organic operation must be fed organic feed and given access to the outdoors. Animals fed or treated with antibiotics or growth hormones may not be used in organic food production.

Labeling standards are also based on a percentage of organic ingredients in a product. All organic products are certified by USDA-accredited certifying agents and standards are in place to ensure that certifications are issued consistently and impartially. The USDA has several accredited certifying agents in several foreign countries. Imported organic products must be certified before they can be sold here. The organic food industry comes with many challenges, such as how to protect organic crops and animals from ground, air and water pollution, as well as providing a certified fertilizer source for organic farming. Other challenges are how to effectively protect crops from insects, disease and fungi without the use of chemicals. The cost of purchasing organic foods is higher because of increased production costs.

What does a "Certified Organic" label really tell you? According to the USDA, "Certified organic" means that agricultural products have been grown and processed according to USDA's national organic standards and certified by USDA-accredited state and private certification organizations. Certifying agents review applications from farmers and processors for certification eligibility. Qualified inspectors conduct annual on-site inspections of their operations. Inspectors talk with operators and observe their production and processing practices to determine if they are in compliance with organic standards.

The USDA offers a good Web site to help consumers answer questions about organic foods, www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/Organic/.

Egg safety

The summer season is here, and those chickens are starting to produce eggs in greater quantities.

It is common in our area for families to give away or sell the eggs that they can't use to friends and the public.

Seniors are at great risk from food borne illness which could cause death if they do not practice proper egg safety rules, whether or not they buy their eggs from a private party or commercially. It is important to know about egg safety when handling, storing and consuming eggs.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires all cartons of shell eggs that have not been treated to destroy Salmonella carry the following safe handling statement: "Safe Handling Instructions: To prevent illness from bacteria, keep eggs refrigerated, cook eggs until yolks are firm, and cook foods containing eggs thoroughly."

Here are some egg safety precautions:

- Buy eggs only if sold from a refrigerator or refrigerated case.

- Open the carton and make sure that the eggs are clean and the shells are not cracked.

- Refrigerate promptly.

- Store eggs in their original carton and use them within three weeks for best quality.

Precautions should be taken when preparing eggs and recipes containing eggs by thoroughly keeping everything clean in the food preparation process. Eggs should be cooked until the yolk and white are firm.

Recipes containing eggs should be cooked to at least 160 degrees. Use a food thermometer to check the temperature.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration offers the following advice for recipes containing raw egg or undercooked eggs, such as homemade ice cream, when the dish is served: Use either shell eggs that have been treated to destroy Salmonella, by pasteurization or another approved method, or pasteurized egg products. Treated shell eggs are available from a growing number of retailers and are clearly labeled, while pasteurized egg products are widely available.

Prepared egg dishes whether served hot or cold, should not sit out more than two hours without refrigeration. This includes hard boiled eggs. When storing, eggs should not be frozen in their shells. To freeze whole eggs, beat yolks and whites together. Egg whites can also be frozen by themselves. Use refrigerated eggs and egg dishes within three to four days.

Men's Health Week

Get set for National Men's Health Week June 12 - 18.

The purpose is to bring awareness of preventable health problems, and to encourage early detection and treatment of disease.

Men are more likely to hide their feelings then women. Women are much more likely to schedule annual exams and other preventive services than men. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 1920, women lived, on average, one year longer than men. Now, men on average, die almost six years earlier than women. The CDC also reports that the suicide rate for persons age 65 and above is 38.4 percent for men and 6 percent for women. By the age of 100, women outnumber men eight to one according to a New York Times article in 2003.

You can help the man in your life by encouraging him to take even the smallest health symptoms seriously and discuss them with his doctor. Women should educate themselves about sensitive men's health issues having to do with sex or masculinity. And yes, men can get breast cancer too. Remember, regular medical checkups improve health and extend life.

Mouth and body connection

What goes on in your mouth affects the rest of your body, so that is why dental hygiene is so important.

People with weakened immune systems from such causes as disease or prescription drug use may be more susceptible to fungal and viral infections of the mouth. Some prescription drugs can also cause a dry mouth, which makes it susceptible to such oral infections as oral yeast infection.

In seniors, mouth infections can be very serious, and can lead to expensive medical treatments and even death.

If you have found that manual brushing is not getting the job done as well as you would like, The Den may be able to help. Not only can we assist those who can't afford proper dental care due to their financial situation, but we have been able to secure some great discounts on oral irrigators and electric toothbrushes.

Oral irrigators pump water out in a slim, steady or pulsating stream. They are very effective at flushing out food and bacteria byproducts between teeth and other areas of the mouth. Irrigators should be used in addition to brushing and flossing, not as an alternative.

Electric toothbrushes are a good alternative to manual brushes. They are especially useful for people who are less than thorough when it comes to brushing their teeth or for people with physical limitations that make brushing difficult. The basics are the same for either toothbrush: Choose a brush with soft bristles, brush for at least two minutes and don't press too hard or you'll damage your gums. Many electric tooth brushes are equipped with a timing device that lets you know when to move the toothbrush to the next area of teeth to be brushed. Some kits also come with devices such as tongue brushers and tooth polishers.

For more information on these products and how to make a purchase through The Den, contact Musetta.

Emergency evacuation

Homebound seniors should have an evacuation plan that includes any assistance you will need to vacate your house. If you need assistance in developing such a plan, contact Musetta at The Den.

Veterans' services

Andy Fautheree, Archuleta County Veterans Service Officer, visits The Den each month to chat with our veterans, offer any assistance needed and answer questions. Come eat with us and visit with Andy during lunch at The Den June 2.

Rafting trip

The Den will have some adventure Wednesday, June 7. We are going boating down the scenic San Juan River through Pagosa Springs. This will be a two-hour rafting trip with life jacket, transportation and guide included for a cost of $25 per person.

If you have always wanted to try whitewater rafting, this is a great beginner trip. The last day to sign up for the trip at The Den is Friday, June 2.

Library assistant needed

We are looking for a volunteer to monitor book and video checkouts in our lounge. This job shouldn't take much time. You may need to make a few phone calls, update the checkout list, and keep books and videos organized. Stop by The Den, if interested.

Senior discounts

Join hundreds of other seniors in our community taking advantage of the many discounts available through local merchants by joining Archuleta Seniors, Inc. Memberships are available for folks age 55 and older and can be purchased at The Den for $5 on Mondays and Fridays, 9 a.m.-1:30 p.m. and Tuesdays and Wednesdays 9-11. No memberships are sold Thursdays.

Not only will you receive generous discounts from local businesses, but you'll be eligible for our Mystery Trip program and other trips in addition to discounts at such senior activities as Oktoberfest. Membership also entitles those who meet annual income guidelines to scholarships for eyeglasses, hearing aids, dental, prescription drugs and medical equipment. Your membership also entitles you to a great discount on the purchase of a dental water jet and electric toothbrush. Archuleta Seniors, Inc. even offers financial assistance for medical shuttles to Durango handled by The Den. This is the best discount program in town, and a great way to help our senior community. Sign up now and acquire the benefits for 2006.

Government payback

The Internal Revenue Service recently announced it will stop collecting federal excise tax on long distance phone service.

Times have changed since the tax on telephone services was first imposed in 1898. Decisions in five federal appeals courts held that the tax, with a current rate of 3 percent, does not apply to long distance service as it is billed today.

Eligible taxpayers will be able to file for refunds on all excise tax they have paid on long distance services. Interest will be paid on these refunds. Federal excise tax on local telephone service does not apply. The Internal Revenue Service is designing a straightforward process that taxpayers can use when filing their income taxes next year, so they will not need to spend time digging through old telephone bills. State and local taxes, in addition to other fees imposed on telephone bills, are not affected by the court's decision.

Lowering phone bills

CenturyTel is actively participating in two national programs which help low-income, eligible individuals and families lower phone connection costs.

Through the "Lifeline Assistance" and "Link-Up" support programs, customers and potential customers within CenturyTel service areas can reduce their cost of telephone installation and their monthly basic service bill.

The "Link-Up" assistance plan is designed to absorb the charges normally associated with local telephone service connection and installation for low-income customers who qualify.

"Lifeline" assists qualifying low-income households by providing a monthly telephone bill credit.

To find out if you qualify for either program, contact CenturyTel Customer Service toll free at 1-800-201-4099 or pickup an application at The Den.

June activities

Get active this summer and sign up for June activities at The Den. Activities include a Mystery Trip, river rafting, a fishing trip and a Sky Ute Casino trip. June activities also include an ice cream social, Father's Day celebration, and out Picnic in the Park returns. It's another fun packed summer, so come to The Den.

Home-delivered meals

The den provides home-delivered meals to qualifying homebound individuals who want the benefits of a nutritional lunch. The Den's caring volunteers deliver the meals to homes Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays while taking the time to check in with the individuals. The appetizing lunches are served hot and ready to eat.

Whether you want a meal delivered one or four times a week, we can accommodate your needs. For more information, call Musetta at 264-2167.

Are you looking for a way to volunteer some time to your community and make an immediate impact on someone's life? The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center has an opportunity for you to make new friends while you donate one lunch hour per week to the home-delivered meal program for our senior citizens. We have two openings available with an urgent need to fill them immediately. Applications are currently being accepted from individuals as well as businesses, churches and other organizations that would like to make a difference. All applicants must provide their own vehicle and be available in one hour increments once a week. We are also accepting applications for substitute drivers. A background check will be completed on all applicants. Adopt a home-delivery route today and brighten the lives of a few senior citizens. For more information, contact Musetta.

Oktoberfest volunteers

Archuleta Seniors is looking for volunteers to help with Oktoberfest. People are needed to serve on committees charged with making this the best Oktoberfest ever in Pagosa Springs. We need a person interested in teaching the polka to adults, and the chicken dance to elementary-age children. We are also looking for committee help with the program, food preparation, food service, etc. This is the largest fund-raiser of the year for Archuleta Seniors, Inc., a non-profit organization dedicated to helping our seniors. For more information, contact me at The Den by calling 264-2167.

Board member needed

The Regional Advisory Council on Aging (RACOA) is making an effort to form a more diverse board, and is seeking a senior to represent the Latino community of Archuleta County on the board of directors. This is a volunteer position, and is one of three members who represent our county. The RACOA offers advice and recommendations to the Area Agency on Aging Board of Directors relative to a four-year senior services plan, which is annually updated and revised. We are looking for a person to help us with our outreach effort concerning senior services and programs for our Latino community. If you are interested in serving, contact Musetta at The Den.

Senior of the Week

We congratulate Elisa Loya as Senior of the Week. Elisa will enjoy free lunches all week. We also congratulate Carol Cash in Arboles; she will enjoy free lunches at Arboles Meal Day for the month of June.

Activities at a glance

Friday, June 2 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Bridge 4 Fun, 12:30 p.m.

Monday, June 5 - Gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Bridge 4 fun, 12:30 p.m.

Tuesday, June 6 - Gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; blood pressure checks, 11:30 a.m.; canasta, 1:00 p.m.

Wednesday, June 7 - Basic Computer, 10 a.m.; rafting trip, 1 p.m.

Thursday, June 8 - The Den is closed.

Friday, June 9 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Bridge 4 Fun, 12:30 p.m.


Suggested donation $3 for ages 60-plus and kids 12 and under, all others $5.

Salad bar every day, 11:30 a.m. Unavailable in Arboles.

Friday, June 2 - Chicken stew with vegetables, mini corn cobettes, pears and wheat crackers.

Monday, June 5 - Lasagna, herbed green beans, seasoned cabbage, garlic roll and ice cream.

Tuesday, June 6 - Meatloaf with gravy, cheesy potatoes, brussels sprouts, pineapple tidbits and whole wheat bread.

Wednesday, June 7 - Potato soup, tuna salad wrap, lettuce and tomato, boiled eggs and grapefruit half.

Thursday, June 8 - No meal served.

Friday, June 9 - Chili con carne, yellow squash, sliced pears with strawberries and corn bread.

Veteran's Corner

Veteran Service office closed next week

By Andy Fautheree

SUN Columnist

The Archuleta County Veteran Service office will be closed the week of June 5-9 while I attend a county veteran service officer training conference. I will return June 12.

I believe this will be the first time a Veteran Service Officer from Archuleta County has attended this particular training.

The conference is put on by the National County Veteran Service Officer organization. This is an annual conference and is held in different locations around the country each year. This year it will be held in Reno, Nev.

Improves skills

The reason for this high-level training is to learn and improve on very specific skills and tools used in filing for VA benefits and claims.

As many of you veterans know from past experience with filing for compensation claims, as an example, the path towards a successful claim is not a straight and easy path. It is a difficult one and sometimes the smallest details or "fine tuning" of a claim can be the difference between success and failure, or the "degree" of success.

Achieve higher claims

The more successful or level of claim achieved means more payment by the VA for the benefit. The higher the percentage of award means more money in the veteran's pocket, and the economy of our community in the long run.

With a vision set much higher than many other counties, our county commissioners and county manager agree this is an important opportunity to ensure a high level of success in the VA benefits and claims processes for our local veterans. The next time you see one of them, express your thanks for their strong support of our veterans.

Vehicle scheduling

If you have need to schedule the VSO vehicles for your VA health care appointments you can call the Archuleta County Commissioner's office at 264-8300. Please hold any other veteran questions and needs until my return.


Don't forget to call or stop by my office with your VA health care appointments for the Share-A-Ride program. Help a fellow veteran who may be going in the same direction, to the same VA facility. Give me a call if you can provide transportation or need transportation. I will keep a calendar of who is going where to coordinate this important program.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is located at 400 South Camino Del Rio, Suite G, (next to Big 5 Sports). Phone number is 247-2214. Albuquerque VAMC phone number is (800) 465-8262.

Further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits, call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office located at 46 Eaton Drive, Suite 7 (behind City Market). The office number is 731-3837, the fax number is 731-3879, cell number is 946-6648, and e-mail is afautheree@archuletacounty.org. The office is open from 8 to 4, Monday through Friday. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Library News

Pagosa Reads! nearly complete

By Christine Eleanor Anderson

PREVIEW Columnist

The "People of the Moon" field trip conducted by Glenn Raby completes our first "Community Reads One Book" program, 10 a.m. June 3 at Chimney Rock.

Chimney Rock will charge a $15 fee for the tour. The sign-up sheet is at the desk of the Library, or just meet us at Chimney Rock.

Gail Shepherd, program director, and the Alpine Lakes Ranch Book Club deserve a huge round of applause for pulling together this effort that has allowed Pagosa Springs to participate in the national "Community Reads One Book" program for the first time. Many others participated in making the program successful. We especially thank Professor Andrew Gulliford of the Center for Southwest Studies at Fort Lewis for his lecture, our many guest lecturers who have been mentioned in this column in previous weeks, PAWSD personnel who gave us wonderful water exhibits, and plant and reservoir tours, our Chinatown radio players, Susan Thorpe for her help with the children's art contest and park reading of Molly Bang's book "Common Ground, "Glenn Raby for his lectures and tour, and Gail Reedy for creating the Library exhibits.

We are looking forward to next year's program and know that participation will grow and grow with all of your support!

Calling all volunteers

Tuesday, June 6, at 10 a.m. we will have our summer volunteer orientation. Come and see your old friends, and help the library with all of our summer activities, especially the Summer Reading Program.

We also need people to get the book sale organized and to help with the History of Jazz/Jazz in the Parking lot program. Refreshments will follow.

Word of the Week

What do the words, "industrious," "syllogism," "intransigent" and "meninx" have in common?

They are all Ruby M. Sisson Library Words of the Week.

Every week volunteer Donna Geiger finds some vocabulary words to keep our minds moving. We post an interesting one next to the kids' room door ("rendezvous" is up there as I write this), then some more challenging ones over each of the dictionary stands.

Spelling bees are buzzing into our view, so come learn your new word of the week and get ready. You never know when you might want to be able to spell some new words, or even use them. And there are sheets next to each Word of the Week for you to suggest interesting words to Donna.

New stacks

The floor plan for the library is almost complete now. And the stacks to finish up the arrangement for the North Wing came in this week. We have beautiful burgundy locking stacks with glass windows so that the special collections can be put out and locked up without fear of losing first editions of donated Americana.

Although we still need to weed the adult nonfiction of outdated material, we have removed the junior nonfiction over to shelves next to the Children's Room. This material was previously intershelved with the adult nonfiction, making it difficult for the kids to reach due to the height of the shelving, even if they could find it by using the catalog. Browsing was almost impossible.

The genealogy collection will be put in taller stacks so there will be more room for growth.

We took the fiction classified as "classics" and put it back into the fiction collection so that, for instance, all fiction by Nathaniel Hawthorne would be together in one place. This is more user-friendly than the old arrangement.

And, still more stacks are coming. We will be getting in waist-height stacks for the area up by the circulation desk for use in a small reference section, a book sale section, and a new book display section. The current new books display section will be moved to make more room for the new books for pre-teens coming into Meagan's place. More stacks are coming in for the Children's Room as well.

Within the next month we will finalize the arrangement of the south end of the library with the videos, DVDs, books-on-tape, books-on-CD, music CDs and magazines. We will order better display shelving for this area too.

The gallery hanging system for much of the library went up a few weeks ago and we will begin planning art display shortly.

Finally, the trustees, staff and I are carefully considering landscaping issues that may, or may not include more parking in the front of the building. For this reason, we have delayed putting in an irrigation system. The cost of an irrigation system was quoted at about $15,000. This is not an expense to proceed with if the system may have to be torn out within a year or two. I know you would all like to see the library grounds in front finished, but we thank you for your patience while we are thinking about the best future use of the entire lot.

It takes a year to move into a new library. It is even more challenging than moving into a new home, because collection arrangement has to be considered. But the reward at the end will be a comfortable, usable facility.

Pagosa Reads

Bonhoeffer as a model for Christians

By Harold Morrison

Special to The PREVIEW

"A Year with Dietrich Bonhoeffer" by Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Edited by Carla Barnhill. San Francisco, Harper Collins, 2005.

"A Year with Dietrich Bonhoeffer," published in 2005, is a book of daily meditations from Bonhoeffer's letters, writings and sermons. Most of these writings were produced while he was imprisoned for his opposition to Adolph Hitler and the National Socialist party in Germany.

In the forward, Jim Wallis, author of the New York Times bestselling "God's Politics," writes: "When I first met Dietrich Bonhoeffer, through reading his books as a young seminarian, he explained the world of faith to me. This young German theologian who was executed by the Nazis for his opposition to Hitler helped me to understand the difficult religious experiences I had known in America." When he had come back to Jesus after rejecting his childhood faith Wallis discovered for the first time the Sermon on the Mount as the manifesto for a whole new world order called the Kingdom of God.

Then he read Bonhoeffer's "Cost of Discipleship," a work that relies heavily on the Beatitudes from the Sermon on the Mount and in which Bonhoeffer lifts up the idea that our treatment of the oppressed is a test of faith. Bonhoeffer said that believing in Jesus is not enough, but we are called to obey his words and to live by what Jesus said. We are to show our allegiance to the Kingdom of God which came into the world through Christ. What a radical idea! Bonhoeffer warned of "cheap grace" that promotes belief without obedience. These are the ideas that keep appearing in his writings and are carried into the meditations.

Bonhoeffer was a brilliant scholar who earned his Ph.D. at 21 years of age. His parents were clear-sighted, cultured people and uncompromising in all things which matter in life. Dietrich was born in Breslau, Germany, Feb. 4, 1906, the son of a university professor and leading authority on psychiatry and neurology. His ancestors were theologians, professors, lawyers and artists. From his mother's side there was some aristocratic blood.

From his father he inherited goodness, fairness, self-control and ability; from his mother, human understanding and sympathy, his devotion to the cause of the oppressed and his steadfastness.

At the age of 24 he became a lecturer in Systematic Theology in Berlin University. He gained a firm reputation in the theological world in New York and in London and could have had a splendid career in the realm of theological scholarship. Instead he became a martyr.

Bonhoeffer (together with a sister and her husband) was arrested by the Gestapo in his parent's home April 5, 1943. His great concern in prison was to get permission to minister to the sick and his fellow prisoners - his ability to comfort the anxious and depressed was amazing. Much of this ability is displayed in his writings, much of which is exhibited included in the meditations.

Wallis said the more he read Bonhoeffer, the more he was amazed. Bonhoeffer seemed to defy all categorization; he was a brilliant intellectual, yet he felt called by the crisis of his historical moment to act, not just to think.

"Bonhoeffer's insistence on a life of personal discipleship to give belief its credibility was matched by his conviction that a life of community was the essential way that faith would be communicated and demonstrated in the world. You couldn't live the Christian faith alone," he suggested.

"Because of the person Bonhoeffer was, this volume of daily reflections drawn from his writings is a virtual treasure of spiritual wisdom and social conscience, pastoral care and political resistance, personal direction and communal guidance, theological insight and prayerful reflection. One day you learn how to listen deeply to God and to others, another how to confront secular ideologies and national idolatries, another how to read the Bible, another how to make faith come alive in your world."

These writings should appeal today to all those who are hungry for spirituality. But this is spirituality for public engagement, in a time that cries out for both public and private spirituality. His writings will appeal to those who love the church and long for its renewal. Bonhoeffer says, "Since the ascension, Christ's place on earth has been taken by his Body, the Church. The Church is the real presence of Christ Š"

Bonhoeffer was driven to the nonviolence of Jesus and, like Martin Luther King, Jr., he was planning to make a visit to Gandhi in India to learn more about nonviolent resistance. Also like King, he was killed (both at 39) before he could make the trip. His pacifism gave way to what he saw as the overriding need to confront the massive evil of Nazism by participating in the plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler.

Without a trial, Bonhoeffer was ordered by Himmler to be hanged April 9, 1945, days before Allied forces liberated the prison. He died with admirable calmness and dignity. His grave site is unknown. The 365 meditations (plus a few more for good measure) give insight into the person who lived his beliefs and died for his faith.

Harold Morrison is a long-time Pagosa Springs resident. His past includes work for Phillips Petroleum. His more recent work is as a volunteer for many organizations in Pagosa, including the library.

Pagosa Reads features book reviews of all kinds of books from the Ruby M. Sisson Memorial Library, reviewed by local readers, just like you. If you would like to review a book and share it in this PREVIEW column, contact Christine Anderson, library director, at 264-2208.

Arts Line

PSAC auction Saturday at community center

By Wen Saunders

PREVIEW Columnist

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council will hold its major fund-raiser of the year, a two-part auction - silent auction followed by a live art auction - June 3 at the community center, 451 Hot Springs Blvd.

Doors will open at 5 p.m. for preview of the artwork and silent auction bidding, with elegant hors d'oeuvres provided by Wildflower Catering, a cash bar and entertainment by harpist Natalie Tyson. Live art auction items include original works by well-known artists. Silent auction items include tickets to local events, gift certificates and items from local businesses and more art.

Tickets can be purchased for $15 at Moonlight Books, WolfTracks, the PSAC Gallery, the Chamber of Commerce and Lantern Dancer. Tickets will also be available at the door the day of the event.

For more information about this event, or to donate an item to the auction, call PSAC at 264-5020. The Pagosa Springs Arts Council is a non-profit organization dedicated to ensuring a flourishing and diverse community by enriching lives through the arts.

Web site artists' seminar

PSAC offers local businesses and artists a unique opportunity to learn more about effective web sites for artists and to increase their Web site marketing awareness in two different sessions (morning and afternoon) June 7.

The first session, FALLING FORWARD: Web Site Logistics" will be held at the Pagosa Springs Community Center 9:30 a.m.-noon. Artists create great art and may even offer exceptional services, but how do they let everyone know it? Creating and producing an effective Web site for artists doesn't happen by accident. The public is increasingly turning to the Web as a quick source of information, working 24 hours for businesses. In today's market, businesses not having a Web site are missing a huge market.

Whether you have a site or thinking about a site, this session will give you new ideas on how to fine-tune your site. This session will educate participants and help them understand what a Web site is all about including options for creating original art into digital file formats (jpegs, tiff, pdf), image size and resolutions 72 dpi verses 300-plus dpi) for quick image client review. Attendees may have no intention of ever working on their Web site, but the knowledge they will gain from this session will help them communicate with those who are working on their site. Web site knowledge is not required when attending this session. And if you are Web savvy, then this session will turn you toward the next creative level. Topics for this morning session include: Obtaining a Site, Setting a Web Site Budget, Hosting Resource and Fees, Registering a Site (Name), Sectioning Your Site, Web Editors (Front Page), Pre-Designed Sites, Creating "User Friendly" Sites, Choosing Images and Information for Your Site.

The second afternoon session, FALLING FORWARD: Web Site Updating (Front Page) & Preparing Art Images for the Web and Print Marketing will be held 1:30-4:30 p.m. In marketing you have to look forward and think ahead. This afternoon session will satisfy the attendee's need to gain more knowledge of how to update (or setup) a Web site. A demonstration of the Web editor software, Microsoft FrontPage will be shown as a means to easily manage and change your site information. If you are familiar with Microsoft Word, then you can easily use Front Page! In simple terms, FrontPage is the word processing format (software) for the Web. Surround yourself with others who have a desire to learn how to manage their own Web sites or to simply educate themselves.

This session will give participants a better knowledge of Web sites, providing them with a better ability and understanding when a need arises to communicate with Web site designers. Do you know what image resolution your site images should be? Do you know what image resolution is? How do you get your painting into a digital format on the web? What is JPEG, TIFF, and GIF formats? And how about these terms; Web safe-palette, form, firewall, frame, hyperlink, cookie (other than the kind you eat). Most people have heard the words; but do you know what they are? The Web can serve as an electronic brochure and educating yourself with simple Web basics can help save you time and money in your web design! Topics for this afternoon session include: Creative Ideas to Market Your Site, Getting the Client to Your Site, Creating Repeat Site Traffic, Site Hit Number Strategies, E-Commerce, Co-op Sites, and Additional Site Links. Each session is $45 PSAC member, $55 general.

Full-day sessions are $85 PSAC, $95 general. For advance registration and further information, call Wen Saunders 264-4486 or visit pagosa-arts.com or www.wendysaunders.com. Space is limited; call now to reserve your space.

Calendar show closes

The 2007 PSAC Calendar Exhibit and Sale at the PSAC Gallery at Town Park continues through June 5. All artists and photographers selected for the calendar were local.

PSAC received hundreds of entries for the annual calendar. The 2007 calendar, priced at $9.95, is scheduled for sale beginning July 1 at the gallery and at several businesses in Pagosa.

October Mion workshop

Pierre Mion will teach his fall watercolor workshop 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Oct. 9-11.

Classes will be held in the arts and crafts room in the Pagosa Springs Community Center. Students can sign up for an additional session Oct. 12.

Mion offers individual attention, assistance, and a lot of fun in his well attended workshops. The subject matter and instruction for this special class centers on landscapes of Glen Canyon and Lake Powell. Participants will work from photographs, provided by Mion. The workshop atmosphere is relaxed and open to all levels of students. They will learn Mion's step-by-step watercolor techniques. Attendees will explore color guide, various watercolor techniques, and mixing colors. For artist's convenience, watercolor kits are available at an additional cost, or students may supply their own materials from Mion's minimal supply list. Students should bring a bag lunch (drinks available through the community center's vending machines).

The price of the three-day workshop is $240 for PSAC members and $265 for nonmembers, the extra $25 will automatically give you a one-year PSAC membership.) The optional fourth session is available for $60, per person, minimum four students. The main workshop is limited to 10 students. Sign up early, by calling PSAC at 264-5020. For further workshop and supplies information, call Pierre Mion at 731-9781 or visit www.pagosa-arts.com.

Figure, portrait workshop

Mion will teach a watercolor workshop 9 a.m.-4 p.m. July 24-26. Classes will be held in the arts and crafts room at the Pagosa Springs Community Center. An optional fifth day may be added.

The subject matter and instruction for this special class is figure and character portraits. PSAC has received many requests for this subject, and here is an opportunity to learn from one of the country's finest artists. Mion will provide photographs of subjects for participants to paint. Participants are also encouraged to bring a special photograph for a portrait watercolor.

The workshop atmosphere is relaxed and open to all levels of students who will learn Mion's step-by-step watercolor techniques. For artists' convenience, watercolor kits are available at an additional cost, or students may supply their own materials from Mion's minimal supply list. Students should bring a bag lunch. The price of the three-day workshop is $240 for PSAC members and $265 for nonmembers. An extra $25 will automatically give you a one-year PSAC membership.

Watercolor club show

The Pagosa Springs Watercolor Club Exhibit and Sale will be held June 8-27 at the Town Park gallery, (315 Hermosa St.). An opening reception will be held 5-7 p.m. Thursday, June 8. The watercolorists meet monthly and all levels are represented in the show. Several of the artists will attend the reception. Gallery hours are Tuesday-Saturday, 10 a.m.-5 p.m.

Marketing for the artist

PSAC offers local businesses and artists an opportunity to learn how to market their art in two sessions June 16 at the Pagosa Springs Community Center.

THE SECRET OF YOUR SUCCESS: Marketing Your Biz with Print Media, will be held 9:30 a.m.-noon. When was the last time you broadened your print marketing habits? This session will help businesses fine-tune marketing activities and target customers more efficiently. During this two-hour session, learn marketing failures and successes for large and small, new and established businesses. Learn more about how to grow your business. As a special bonus, resource vendors will be offering special marketing discounts to participants allowing them to not only focus their marketing dollars but to also gain more marketing dollars to spend! Topics include: Print media (post cards, PR PACS, brochures), Press Releases, Coupons, Artist/Company Bio, Web Site Marketing, PR Images for Your Business, Self Printing Verses Professional Printing. Each Participant will receive a FREE sample packet of successful marketing materials.

The second session, THE SECRET OF YOUR SUCCESS: Different Perspective Marketing Mix takes place 1:30-4:30 p.m. When it comes to spending marketing dollars, everyone is looking for the magic formula. This three-hour marketing session is not about what's always what is right or wrong; it's about a different perspective. Lining up your work passion with a keen marketing strategy will breed that "magic formula" for the marketing dollar, even if you may not be particularly good at coming up with marketing options on your own,.

This afternoon session focuses on the Prospective Marketing Mix for businesses. Highlights of the session include: Creating Print Marketing (Professional Design and Software Options), Implementing a Web Site, Media Resource List, Newspaper, Direct Mail, E-mail Marketing, Networking, Client Follow-up, and Company Branding.

Each session is $45 PSAC member, $55 general. Full-day Sessions are $85 PSAC, $95 general. For advance registration and further information, call Wen Saunders 264-4486 or visit pagosa-arts.com and www.wendysaunders.com. Space is limited; call now to reserve your space.

Joye Moon workshop

PSAC will sponsor a watercolor workshop with Joye Moon 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Sept. 5-8. Cost for the workshop is $250 for PSAC members and $275 for nonmembers.

Call 264-5020 for advanced registration. For more information, visit www.pagosa-arts.com, or call PSAC.

 Tom Lockhart workshop

A Plein aire oil painting workshop with Tom Lockhart will be held 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Sept. 11-13. Cost is $300 for PSAC members, $325 general. An additional day may be scheduled. Call 264-5020 for advanced registration. For more information, visit www.pagosa-arts.com, or call PSAC.

Workshops in Italy and Mexico

Joye Moon is hosting two travel workshops this year. You can join Joye and her husband, Dave, in travel destinations that include La Romita, Italy, and San Miguel de Allende, Mexico. The Italy trip, "An Italian Artistic Adventure," Sept. 21- Oct. 3, will take place in the heart of Italy. La Romita is a restored 16th century Capuchin monastery above the ancient Roman city of Terni and just an hour away from Rome. The art school has invited the group to paint and explore the surrounding countryside for two full weeks. Only 18 travelers are allowed, so please register as soon as possible to assure a reservation. Price for the trip is $2,150 (all inclusive, except airfare).

The second trip, "A Mexican Artistic Adventure," Oct, 25 - Nov. 4, takes place in the town of San Miguel de Allende. This Spanish Colonial town is located in the mountains of central Mexico. The town's narrow cobblestone streets and impressive colonial architecture make it one of the most beautiful in Mexico. San Miguel has an ideal springlike climate and an atmosphere of gracious living, which has attracted and inspired many artists, writers and musicians. Price for the trip is $1,750 before July 15 ($1,900 after that date) and is all inclusive, except airfare. Contact Joye Moon at (920) 235-4429 or joyemoon@northnet.net for registration and information.

Call for entries

The annual PSAC Juried Painting and Drawing Fine Art Exhibit will be held June 29-July 17 at the gallery in Town Park.

All work must be original in concept and created without the assistance of an instructor. An artist may submit up to two entries: watermedia, oil, pastels and drawings (a photography juried show will be held in October). Framing is required on all work submitted, except those works specifically intended to be unframed. Entry size is limited to 40x40, including mat and frame.

All entries must be for sale and PSAC will retain a 30-percent commission on all sales. Entry fees are $20 for PSAC members and $25 general; $30 PSAC members (for two entries) and $35 General (for two entries). Cash and item prizes will be presented with first second and third, and with People's Choice awards. Entries will be accepted June 24-26, noon to 4 p.m. at the arts and crafts room in the Pagosa Springs Community Center. Artists should pick up work not accepted into the show, on June 28 , noon-5:30 p.m. at the same location. Accepted work may be picked up after the show, July 18, 11 a.m.-5 p.m.

The opening reception for the show is 5-7 p.m. Thursday, June 29, at the gallery in Town Park. Entry applications may be obtained at the gallery and online at www.pagosa-arts.com. For more information, contact PSAC at 264-5020.

Judges needed for photo show

Two judges are needed for PSAC's annual Juried Photo Show (Oct. 12-Nov. 1). Judges should be available two days prior to the show opening for judging. Prospective judges should submit a resume, and three samples of their work. Past judging experience is helpful.

Persons interested in judging these shows (or future shows) should contact Wen Saunders at 264-4486 for more information. The Pagosa Springs Art Council will feature 10 shows at the Town Park Gallery during the 2006 season. The shows include artworks from students, professional artists and aspiring artists. Media represented in the show include oil, watercolor, photography, wood working, and other various art media. Visit www.pagosa-arts.com for a complete schedule of upcoming shows.

Plein aire with Slade

Join local artist Betty Slade for a three-day outdoor watercolor workshop, "Summer Fling Plein Aire Watercolor Painting", 9 a.m.-3 p.m. June 15-17.

Betty Slade is an artist in the true sense; she began working in oils in 1965, then pursued watercolors, acrylic and pastels. Beginning with art classes at New Mexico State University, Betty continued with private instruction with some of the finest artists in the Southwest.

During her 40 years in the art arena, Betty has attained success in many areas of the arts. She has written and published several books, note cards and prints. She has 10 years experience in owning and managing art galleries. Her "Women of the Wind" series in originals and prints is well known, is seen on the Princess Cruise Line and hangs in many private collections.

This workshop will focus on painting florals. Attendees will meet at the community center to go to a nearby outdoor location from 9 a.m. to noon, break for lunch and reconvene to continue painting from 1 to 3 p.m. at the community center. Some previous experience is recommended.

This class is designed to be plein aire, so remember the standards: hat, sunscreen, and insect spray. Artists stand and paint or sit using a block or board (chair, easel, TV tray or whatever suits you). Some people have used attaching umbrellas, so bring those if desired. Don't forget a lunch, drinking water and water for painting.

Cost of the workshop is $120 for PSAC members, $145 for nonmembers. Per day students will be considered. Register by calling PSAC at 264-5020. Details and supply list are available at PSAC.

Summer camps for kids

Pagosa Springs Arts Council announces a Children's Summer Art/Spanish Camp, taught by Soledad Estrada-Leo. Classes will begin June 5 and continue through the end of August. Classes will be held at the community center and are open to children between the ages of 4 and 13. Ages 4-7 meet from 12:30 - 3:30 p.m. and ages 8 - 13 meet from 3:30 - 6:30 p.m. Monday - Thursday. Classes are $150 for two weeks or $275 month. Classes are filling up quickly so call PSAC, 264-5020, to register and for more information. If you prefer to speak directly with Soledad, you can reach her at 731-1314.

The second children's camp, Using A Disposable Camera To Document Your Vacation or Holiday, will feature photography. PSAC knows parents are always searching for creative summer camp options for their children. PSAC is excited to announce a special art camp, PHOTOlearn®, for youngsters ages 5-10, July 17-20. Children's PHOTOlearn® classes will be held at the Pagosa Springs Community Center. The series of photography PHOTOlearn® class sessions is an opportunity for children to learn from a professional photojournalist.

Space is limited to 15 students. There are two sessions (total of four days) offered. Students may attend two or four days, with budget pricing for those attending all four days. The two-day session fee is $145 (PSAC members $125). The four-day session fee is $195 (PSAC members $155) Prices for a second child in a family are $95 / $125. Fee includes all materials, disposable cameras or film, and images processing. Participants should wear sunscreen and hats, as they'll be photographing outside (water bottles provided).

For more information and registration, call Wen Saunders, instructor, at 264-4486. Class description is available online at www.wendysaunders.com and www.pagosa-arts.com.

PSAC Calendar

All PSAC classes and workshops are held in the arts and craft space at the community center, unless otherwise noted. All exhibits are shown at the PSAC Gallery in Town Park. For more information contact PSAC at 264-5020, unless otherwise noted.

June 3 - PSAC Live and Silent Art Auction, Pagosa Springs Community Center, 5 p.m.

June 7 - PSAC "FALLING FORWARD: Web Site Logistics," 9:30 a.m.-noon. Contact Wen Saunders, 264-4486.

June 7 - PSAC "FALLING FORWARD: Web Site Updating and Front Page," 1:30-4:30 p.m.

June 8 - Pagosa Springs Watercolor Club Show and Sale. Opening reception, 5-7 p.m.

June 8-27 - Pagosa Springs Watercolor Club Show and Sale.

June 15 - Pagosa Springs Watercolor Club, 10 a.m.

June 15-17 - Summer Fling Plein Aire Watercolor Painting with Betty Slade, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

June 16 - PSAC "THE SECRET OF YOUR SUCCESS: Marketing Your Biz with Print Media," 9:30 a.m.-noon. Contact Wen Saunders, 264-4486.

June 16 - PSAC "THE SECRET OF YOUR SUCCESS: Different Perspective Marketing Mix," 1:30-4:30 p.m.

June 29 - PSAC Annual Juried Fine Art Show and Sale. Opening reception, 5-7 p.m.

June 29-July 18 - Annual Juried Fine Art Show and Sale.

July 20 - Ginnie, Denny and the Gang Fine Art Show and Sale. Opening reception, 5-7 p.m.

July 20-Aug. 8 - Ginnie, Denny and the Gang Fine Art Show and Sale.

July 24-26 - Figure and portrait watercolor workshop with Pierre Mion, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.

Aug. 10 - Pierre Mion and Students Watercolor Exhibit and Sale. Opening reception, 5-7 p.m.

Aug.10-29 - Pierre Mion and Students Watercolor Exhibit Sale.

Aug. 31 --- Sandy Applegate, "Pagosa Portraits: Ego and Alter-Ego." Opening reception," 5-7 p.m. Town Park Gallery.

Tasting Notes

Lapin and the utter embodiment of stinky Burgundy ... and but a trace of guilt

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

In the office, we talk often about food - maybe too often. At some point during the workday, we report on what we have eaten or drank, or on what we will eat or drink later in the day. We speak of restaurants good and bad, of fine vintages and poor ones, and we ponder the ideal ingredients to be used in preparing the evening meal.

Our explorations have led us far and wide, from the glories of soft-boiled eggs, to ruminations on the ideal fish for creating the ultimate fish taco, to the complexities of choosing the right frozen pizza. You know you are in good company when every conversation eventually leads back to food or to the planning of the next meal.

As was to be expected, and true to tradition, Friday played itself out, just as many other Fridays had, with lengthy descriptions of our gastronomical goals for the weekend. In this case, Karl was planning the reconquest of the almighty corndog, while I was dreaming about rabbit.

Whereas Karl was mentally concocting extravagant batters, and fondue-like dipping sauces, I was dreaming about the ultimate marriage of wine and my favorite of all dishes. For Karl, the question raged between the merits of using a Gruyere fondue or a sauce Mornay for the corndog extravaganza, while I contemplated whether to pour Burgundy or Argentine malbec - these are the questions that try men's souls.

Five o'clock came, and we each went our separate ways, Karl to an empty house, and me, also home, but to an old friend waiting with a pot of rabbit braising on the stove.

When I entered the house, I inhaled and the aroma of slowly simmering lapin sent my mind racing with possibilities - would it be Lapin aux Pruneaux, Civet de Lapin, Lapin Dijonaise? I was hoping it was one of the three; if so, pairing Burgundy would be simple. But my friend had other plans. She's one of those cooks who flies by the seat of her pants, and no meal can be replicated exactly because everything is done during a rush of inspiration. In a flurry, ingredients are blended, spices added, a touch of this then a dash of that - the rabbit would prove to be the ultimate example of her culinary style.

As I approached the kitchen, and contrary to my expectations, she announced the menu - rabbit with coconut milk, mango, harissa and cider. It wasn't what I expected and it wasn't what I had hoped for. I was polite, and smiled.

"Sounds good," was what came out of my mouth, while inside I muttered, "What in the hell would I pair with that?" and I mulled over the options - Champagne, Burgundy, Argentine or French malbec, beer?

I was at a loss, so I stepped over the stove and dipped a finger into the sauce. The red chile-based harissa had laid a solid foundation of heat, although the cider tempered the chile with a parallel current of subtle sweetness. The mango and coconut milk worked like well-placed punctuation in a paragraph - each showed up at just the right spot, added a little diversity, but never stole the show. With the fusion of the four key ingredients, the dish had symmetry. However, with just one missing, I was sure the whole thing would have floundered. She had done it again. I took another taste.

The sauce had guts and depth, but lacked the muscle to stand up to malbec, so it would have to be Burgundy. But I wavered. I had bought Lucien Boillot's 1993 Gevrey-Chambertin for an Easter leg of lamb meal that never quite happened. There was no doubt I was saving it for a special meal, but what would be more special than a meal with an old friend. Besides, as Karl had so successfully argued during one of our daytime chats, what good is a cellar full of great bottles if you're sitting dead in your favorite armchair from a stroke or Avian flu before you've had a chance to enjoy them? With those words of reason echoing in my head, I pulled the cork. What did we have to lose?

I poured two tastes and we swirled the elixir in our glasses. The wine's deep plum color looked youthful but promising. We swirled a bit more, and then I jammed my nose into the crystal and inhaled. I was bombarded first by layers of pepper and anise, followed by a journey to the wine's Burgundian farmhouse core, complete with aromas of damp earth and plums. I tasted, and moved the wine across the palate, swishing and agitating and swallowed. It was tight, a little dry, but the firm plum and black earth finished long and glorious. All the elements were there, and I knew we were in for a treat, although it would take a little time, and we opted to postpone the main event until the wine opened up.

We turned the lapin down to low and began with and appetizer of shrimp and calamari steaks sautéed in white wine and lemon juice with a touch of paprika and heavy cream. We sopped up the sauce with crusty bread and sipped a 2004 Château Haut-Belian Entre-Deux-Mers - a crisp dry white from the Bordeaux region. The 2003 vintage had exceeded my expectations, yet the 2004 lacked character and served as a good cooking wine or an agreeable alternative to water for rinsing the palate.

By the time we had devoured the appetizer, the Gevrey had come around and we dove headfirst into full glasses and plates piled high with steaming mashed potatoes and lapin. We drank, talked, ate and drank more. The Burgundy went down well and we enjoyed its slow metamorphosis from youthful, vivaciousness to a nasty, black, barnyardy pinot noir. I was drinking at the trough, chewing the cud and wallowing in a Burgundian pigsty. The metamorphosis proved agreeable and matched the meal well. But then, in the middle of utter Burgundian bliss, I thought of Karl and a freighttrain of guilt knocked me to the canvas.

There I was, drinking the utter embodiment of stinky Burgundy, eating one of my favorite meals in the company of an old friend, while Karl was home alone with a yellow Labrador with severe gastrointestinal difficulties, deconstructing the venerable corndog.

I was paralyzed. I considered making him a plate, pouring a glass of the Gevrey and packaging it all room service style, and making a run to his house. But as soon as the guilt came, it passed like a spring breeze. I felt weightless and I succumbed to the full effect of the meal, quaffing the last two glasses with little regard for my friend who made a grave mistake by saying she had drank enough.

As I sat, feet, sipping and swirling, I felt for Karl. But deep down I realized Karl is a good cook, and if the corndog adventure turned catastrophic, I knew he could cook his way back out. And besides, if I foiled his plans for creating corndog heaven, we'd have a lot less to talk about come Monday morning.harissa and cider.

Food for Thought

Reanimating a stale icon: the corn dog is back

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

Table"You'll never guess what I had for lunch."

"Probably not."

"Come on, try. You'll never guess what I had for lunch."

My wife, Kathy, is insistent. After 34 years, I know, for me, it's play or pay.

I play.

"OK. Let's see. You had a salade Nicoise, absent anchovy, heavy on the green beans."

"Nope, guess again."

"A croque madame, all goooey swell with mornay."

Nope, although that would be mighty fine Š if I was in Paris or in a city where someone knew what a croque madame is - much less how to whip up a mornay. Remember, I live in Siberia with a View. Guess again."

"Do I have to?"

"You bet you do."

"Uh Šfish tacos with a creamy-good red chile, garlic and cilantro aioli?"

"Ummmm, that sounds great. But, no. Try one more time."

"A burger and curly fries?"

"A reasonable choice, Big Boy. But, only if the beef is hormone-free and the cow is told, up to the day of its demise and grinding, that it is about to go on vacation to a deep green, endless pasture where it will be under the gentle care of an infinitely kind herdsman. But, wrong."

"All right, I give. What did you have for lunch?"

"I'm embarrassed."


"I'm ashamed to say."

"Pickled pigs' feet?"


"Vienna Sausage, with the gelatin spread on a piece of cheap white bread?"

"Oh, don't say things like that. No."

"So, tell me."

"Promise you won't laugh?"

"I promise."

"A corn dog. With a ton of White Trash mustard."

I lied. I laugh.

"You must be kidding. Why on earth would you do that?"

"Well, first, it was there - front-row center in the deli case at the supermarket. Second, the sight set me helplessly adrift on a sea of memory."

Dear heavens.

"When I was in grade school in Swansea, we used to walk down to the Eat n'Run and get a corn dog and a coke for lunch. Five cents for the coke, fifteen cents for the corn dog."

"And the White Trash mustard?"

"Coated the things with it. When I was done, they were like brilliant yellow tubes, leaching grease. I loved 'em."

I don't admit it to her, since I want the advantage (I might want to leverage her guilt), but I loved 'em too. Way back when.

It was on the streets of Central City, mid '50s, where I first met the batter-coated, deep-fried dog.

Stuccoed with White Trash mustard.

I remember when I was first tempted - a burly, gap-toothed lad of 10, on the loose with an adventurous culinary bent. I was fearless, foodwise. After all, I and my pal, Amos, had consumed a can full of chocolate-covered ants pilfered from the May D&F "gourmet department," during a daring Saturday morning raid prior to a matinee at the Paramount Theatre. I was up for anything.

"Hey, kid," the grimy vendor yelled as I passed his stand during the opening day festivities for the opera festival. "Yeah, you: the chubby guy with the thick glasses and gap teeth. You look like an eater. Come on over here, kid, and get ya a corn dog." He held up a golden-brown tube, impaled on a long wooden skewer. "Newest thing, just in from Texas."

Ah, Texas. Mysterious and sophisticated food capitol of the American West. Who could resist?

Not me.

"It's a dog, kid. We jam it on a stick and dunk it this here batter, then we cook it. Come on, try it. In fact, I'll give you this here one for only a dime."

The classical pusher's trick: give away the first hit for near nothing and when the poor bozo is hooked, up the ante.

I fell for it. I was hungry.

I had six of them that day, the price accelerating to a whoppin' 25 cents per corn dog. I ended up behind the stairs next to the Register Call office, stomach cramping, unwilling to walk up the steep mountainside to the house for fear of loosing a torrent of partially digested batter and dogs and heaven knows what else.

Boy, those corn dogs were good.

After all, they'd been deep-fried in oil that had been used for how many days? For how many foods?

Can't get a lot better than that.

Or can you?

I make note of this possibility to Kathy.

"Was the corn dog worth the risk," I ask.

"Oh, yeah. In fact, it was great. Especially with a lot of White Trash mustard."

"I believe I can do better," I venture. "I think I can create a new and improved version. I'll deconstruct, then reconstruct the corn dog."

Her brow wrinkles, her eyelids closing to slits.

"You can't tamper with a classic. Don't do it."

"Exactly what I intend to do, my pet. I believe I can improve on the corn dog, elevate it to a loftier, more exotic status."

"That's sacrilege, you know. Don't risk it, Big Guy; you've got enough going against you as is. And, furthermore, don't risk it in our kitchen; the mess is overwhelming any time you do one of your goofy food experiments."

Oooh, the gauntlet is thrown. I decide then and there to descend into culinary hell in order to rescue the object of my youthful affection.

The corn dog will be my Beatrice.

Dante, move aside.

The perfect opportunity comes when Kathy has to go to Denver to see her mother, leaving me and Arnie alone at the house.

Where to begin with the reanimation of a stale icon?

The Internet, of course.

I Google "corn dog recipe."

I get 1,670,000 options. I read only 30, but I assume there is not much variation from 30 through 1,670,00. Nearly every recipe I read includes much the same batter recipe: flour, cornmeal, baking powder, salt, milk or buttermilk.

The variations occur with additions of dry mustard, eggs, grated onion, etc.

The keys ,as I figure it, are three: additives in a batter and the type of sausage (most recipes use packaged hot dogs, quaintly called "weiners" by some cooks and containing who knows what unspeakable animal body parts). And, the kicker: the sauce, of which White Trash mustard is but one, and one of the lowliest.

For the batter, the Food Network's Alton Brown has a marvelous idea: the addition of a can of creamed corn as one of the wet ingredients in a batter.

Bingo: creamed corn, buttermilk, all-purpose flour, high grade corn meal, salt, baking powder, pepper, grated onion and garlic powder as the base.

As an additive to make this batter something special: minced chipotle peppers and a bit of softened, minced sun-dried tomato. A dusting of dried oregano and a bit of ground cumin and this sludge is ready to coat a sausage.

What kind?

Surely not a "weiner." I opt for a link of hot Italian sausage, parboiled then grilled for flavor, cooled, skewered, dipped in the batter and deep-fried.

Mmmm. Mighty fine.

Instead of chipotle in the batter, how about some whole grain mustard and a little less cream corn goo?

Blanket a bratwurst, prepped the same way as the Italian?

Ahhhh. Magnificent.

Something's missing.

A dipping sauce - that extra little toiuch that wakes you in the middle of the night, feeling as though a truck is parked on your chest, unable to get a breath.

How about a fondue? Yep, a fondue - gruyere, white wine, a touch of flour, salt pepper, garlic. Oh, mercy.

I am sure there is some way to coat an andouille and dip it in bernaise. I don't get a chance to try it, but if Kathy leaves town again, it's on the menu.

Then, I have a corn dog epiphany: Corn dog dessert or, better yet, corn dog breakfast.

Here's the deal: Make the batter out of one of those packaged pancake mixes or go to all the trouble of making your own (but, remember, it's morning and there's a whole lot less incentive to do this kind of thing if you haven't been swilling wine, or gin and tonics).

Take a cooked breakfast sausage link, skewer the puppy, dip in the sweetened pancake batter and pop into 375-degree vegetable oil until brown.

Drain, dip into hot syrup then coat liberally with whipped cream. Eat with fresh strawberries.

Better yet, serve this as dessert at a Corn Dog Extravaganza.

Be the first on your block.

Borrow a couple tabletop baby deep fryers (I was once in a shady business with a pal named Jimmy Ciccarelli and he had a Fry Baby on his desk at work) and a bunch of fondue pots. At least one of your friends has a cache of fryers and fondue pots stashed in the garage.

Then, go one more step - thoroughly deconstruct both the corn dog and fondue, merge the two concepts and become a legend.

First on your block.

Cut your grilled sausages into rounds. Have an armory of soaked skewers handy. Spear a round of sausage, dip in preferred batter, pop in Fry Baby, remove, drain on paper towel, submerge in preferred dipping sauce (gruyere fondue, bernaise, mustard cream, chipotle and Mennonita), devour. Go back for more.

Serve the syrup-drenched, cream- decked dessert dogs at meal's end.

Have a defibrillator handy. Perhaps an ambulance parked in the driveway.

The corn dog is back.

Extension Viewpoints

Does your kid know more about GPS than you?

By Bill Nobles

PREVIEW Columnist

June 1 - 7 p.m., Shady Pine Club meeting.

June 2 - 2:25 p.m., Colorado Mountaineers Club meeting.

June 2 - 3:10 p.m., Goat Project meeting.

June 5 - 4 p.m., Beginning Archery meeting at Ski and Bow Rack.

June 5 - 4:30 p.m., Dog Obedience Project meeting.

June 5 - 6:30 p.m., Beef Project meeting.

June 5 - 7 p.m., Livestock Committee meeting.

June 6 - Office closed.

June 6 - 7 p.m., GPS class (registration already closed).

June 7 - 4 p.m., Sportsfishing Project meeting.

June 7 - 6 p.m., Fair board meeting.

Basic GPS class for adults

Are you planning on getting outside this summer with your new GPS?

Are your kids using it more than you are?

The Archuleta County Extension office will host a GPS class 7-9 p.m. Monday, July 10, at the Extension Office at the fairgrounds on U.S. 84.

This class is free of charge and will last approximately two hours. Handouts and easy-to-use instructions will be provided. Class topics will include installing the batteries, start up sequence, using button functions, navigating, previewing main pages, setting the time zone, adjusting contrast, personal settings, marking and entering waypoints and more.

This class is limited to the first 16 adults (no exceptions). There will be other classes offered later this summer for those who cannot make this date. Call Kim today at 264-5931 to reserve your spot.

Managing prairie dogs

Three species of prairie dogs in Colorado occupy an estimated 2 million acres of rangeland.

The black-tailed prairie dog lives on the eastern plains, the Gunnison prairie dog in the southwest third of the state, and the white-tailed prairie dog in the northwest third.

Prairie dogs form colonies commonly referred to as prairie dog towns. Small groups, generally composed of one adult male, three adult females and six offspring, defend their territory within the larger town. Prairie dogs live in burrows about 10 yards apart, 3 to 14 feet deep and 10 to more than 100 feet long. A mound 3 to 10 feet across and 1/2 to 1 foot high at the entrance of the burrow prevents water from rushing in and serves as a lookout station.

Black-tailed prairie dog numbers vary from about five per acre in late winter to 20 per acre after the birth of pups in spring. Spring densities can be as high as 35 per acre. Prairie dogs are active only during the day. White-tailed and Gunnison's prairie dogs hibernate from about October to March, depending on elevation. Black-tailed prairie dogs do not hibernate, but will stay below ground for several days during cold cloudy weather. Prairie dogs have one litter of three to eight young per year in March or April. The gestation period is 28 to 34 days. The pups venture above ground when they are five to six weeks old. Dispersal of year-old juveniles and a few adults takes place in late spring. Most prairie dogs travel less than two miles, but a few migrate up to six miles.

Prairie dog burrows serve as homes for burrowing owls, cottontail rabbits, rattlesnakes and other animals. Prairie dogs are a major food source for predators, including the endangered black-footed ferret, badgers, coyotes, foxes, prairie falcons, ferruginous hawks, eagles and owls.

The burrowing activity of prairie dogs decreases soil compaction, increases water intake, aerates the soil and promotes soil formation. Prairie dogs also provide recreation for photographers, hunters and naturalists.

Extermination of prairie dogs does not guarantee the recovery of productive rangeland. Additional steps must be taken to rehabilitate the evacuated prairie dog towns. To speed recovery, level mounds with a land plane, blade or offset disc set just above the ground surface. To allow the grass and root system to recover, exclude livestock from the area for at least one growing season. Reseed the area with grass.

Because prairie dogs do not thrive in tall grass, careful management of grass through proper stocking rates can discourage re-invasion by prairie dogs. Prairie dogs often establish colonies in areas where livestock congregate. To distribute grazing pressure evenly, move watering sites and place salt and minerals in areas that are underused by livestock.

Several alternatives for prairie dog control are available. Prairie dogs can be captured with double-door cage traps baited with a horse sweet mix, flushed from burrows with soap and water, or removed from burrows with a large vacuum truck. All three methods are expensive and their effectiveness is largely unknown. Survival of prairie dogs being flushed from burrows and those relocated to active towns also is unknown. However, releasing prairie dogs into an established colony likely will increase stress on resident and relocated prairie dogs. The biggest obstacle in relocation is finding release sites. A permit is required before prairie dogs can be relocated.

Visual barriers constructed from burlap or windrows of small pine trees have slowed colony expansion. Barriers usually are constructed from a woven plastic material. The use of visual barriers is limited due to high construction and maintenance costs.

Raptor perches, artificial cover for predators, and predator odors generally have been ineffective in reducing prairie dog numbers.

Intensive shooting of small prairie dog colonies during February and March will sometimes control their numbers. It disrupts reproductive activities and removes individual animals. However, shooting may induce bait shyness.

Poison grain baits legal for prairie dog control in Colorado contain 2 percent zinc phosphide. Be careful with poison grain baits because bait placed outside burrows can kill non-target birds and mammals. Poison grain baits are effective only when the prairie dog's most desirable food, green grass, has become dry and dormant. Fall baiting generally is most successful because prairie dogs eat grass seeds to build fat reserves for the winter. Spring baiting generally is unsuccessful because pregnant females often are not found above ground, unsettled weather is common, and bait acceptance is poor when grass starts to turn green. Poison grain baits for prairie dog control are most effective during clear settled weather when temperatures are moderate.

To increase the acceptance of treated bait and give better control, prebait with untreated oats, preferably steam-rolled, two to three days prior to baiting. Apply prebait and bait by hand on the edge of each mound where bare soil meets grass. Do not place bait on top of the mound or down the burrow. Thinly scatter the treated bait in a 6-inch bait spot, preferably during early morning. Avoid placing treated bait in piles that may endanger livestock. Apply treated bait only after all or most of the prebait has been eaten and only to burrows where the untreated bait was consumed. If most of the prebait is not consumed after one day, postpone application.

The amount of poison grain should not exceed one heaping teaspoon of zinc phosphide bait per mound. A typical prairie dog town requires about 1/3 pound of zinc phosphide bait per acre. Application of excess bait will not improve control but will increase the risk to non-target animals. Apply poison grain bait only once per season because survivors of the first treatment tend to become bait-shy.

Because zinc phosphide is poisonous to all animals, store it away from humans and pets. Wear rubber gloves to avoid contact with the chemical. Take extra care to avoid breathing zinc phosphide dust. When poison grain baits are applied according to directions, they usually result in an 80 to 90 percent reduction in prairie dog numbers. Unsuccessful control generally is due to the presence of green grass or failure to prebait.

For more information about prairie dog management contact the Extension Office at 264-5931. For information on live traps, gopher bait and prairie dog pills contact Frank Ratliff at Archuleta County Weed and Pest Control at 264-6773.

Field bindweed mites

Field bindweed is one of the most widespread and difficult to manage weeds growing throughout the U.S. The plant thrives in the arid western states and will grow on many sites where other plants cannot exist.

One way to help control bindweed growth is introduction of bindweed mites to the infested area. The bindweed mite is a microscopic eriophyid mite imported from southern Europe. It does not damage other plant species, and it requires bindweed to survive.

The Archuleta County Extension Office will receive 200 releases of bindweed mites at $20 per release for use in managing field bindweed. Each release will treat 25 acres and is 75-percent effective in controlling field bindweed after two years.

Mites will be delivered the end of June. If you are interested in purchasing the bindweed mites, contact the office at 264-5931.

Pagosa Lakes News

PLPOA sponsors annual Kids' Fishing Derby

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

The Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association will sponsor the annual Kids' Fishing Derby 9 a.m. to noon Friday, June 9, at Hatcher Lake.

The Kid's Fishing Derby is for those 16 and under and no fishing license or permit is required. It is a free event and open to the general public. At noon, we will provide a hot dog lunch, followed by prizes and awards for the kids.

We plan to have four different age categories, with winners placing in each age group. Every kid will stand a good chance to receive a prize from an array of new fishing poles, reels, tackle boxes, lures and other fishing-related tackle.

The association has sponsored this event every year since the early '90s and it is always a fun day with plenty of fishing, food and prizes. We ask that each group of kids come with an adult to help out. We will set up the registration table at 8:30 a.m. at the jetty on the west side of the lake near the boat ramp and water treatment plant.

The best access will be eight miles north on Piedra Road, turning left on North Pagosa Boulevard, taking the third left onto Saturn Drive then proceeding to Hatcher Circle where you will see our setup.

Hatcher Lake was recently stocked with several thousand pounds of trout and bass and the fishing has been excellent. Make sure to bring a fishing pole for each child along with bait, hooks and other basic fishing gear, as well as sunscreen and a hat.

Garage sale

How to turn your trash into cash?

A garage sale.

PLPOA will hold a garage sale for members Saturday, June 17. The sale will start at 9 a.m. and continue to 1 p.m., weather permitting, on the grounds outside the recreation center.

The association will supply tables for sale items but since the inventory is not limitless, you may wish to bring a couple of your own card tables for additional display surfaces.

If you are interested in joining this community garage sale, call Gloria at the PLPOA administrative office at 731-5635 to reserve a table and space. Thee is no charge, as this is a service provided by PLPOA for its members.

Summer swim

Summer pool hours at the recreation center went into effect Tuesday, May 30.

Open swim begins at noon Monday through Friday as the morning hours have been filled with water exercise classes, swim team training, swim lessons and lap swim.

Lap swim is also available in the afternoon and evening - with reservations. The next three months will be extremely busy at the recreation center and it will help if you use the facility with the mindset of enjoying the energy ... and the noise.

Open gym, walleyball night (Tuesdays, 6-9 p.m.) has been relocated outside, in the sand volleyball court. This is open to all members, at no charge.


Marge Mountain

Marge Mountain was residing at the Pine Ridge Care Facility in Pagosa Springs, Colorado, prior to passing May 29, 2006. Marge was 88 years young.

Marge was born in Fort Wayne, Indiana, June 5, 1917. Marge resided in Indiana until marrying her love, Sid Mountain. Marge was a 30-year resident of Pagosa Springs.

Marge enjoyed life to the fullest. She loved to read novels and play cards and loved being with people. Before marrying Sid, she was a personnel manager at the General Electric Company in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Marge was the president of the Elex Club (traveling club), traveled with many friends and received awards for top sales representative. Marge loved living in Colorado. She will be truly missed by many.

Marge was preceded in death by husband Sid Mountain. She is survived by her brother, Robert Koch, of North Carolina, son Roger Mountain of California, daughter Jennifer Mountain of Arizona.

In memory of Marge — "You will teach me how to live a holy life, being with you, will fill me with joy at your right hand I will find pleasure forever." Psalm 16.11.

 Business News

Chamber News

Celebration, auction and music festival highlight upcoming week's festivities

By Mary Jo Coulehan

SUN Columnist

Memorial Day Weekend proved to be busy all around.

If you were away at graduations, you missed lots of activities. I hope all the fairs and festivals were a success. Now the summer weekends begin, with plenty of activities on schedule throughout the next three months.

We've begun to count down the last three weeks before the bicycle tours hit town. Until then, we have more than enough activities on the plate to keep Pagosa occupied!

Celebracion del Rio San Juan

The Friends of the Upper San Juan River will once again celebrate one of our town's natural beauties, the San Juan River.

Starting at 8 a.m., Sunday, June 4, you are encouraged to join a group of volunteers as they perform a river cleanup. From 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Pagosa Outside and Canyon R.E.O. will run short river trips from the River Center area to Centennial Park for $5 per trip. You need to sign up in Town Park for the trips. All proceeds go back to the Friends of the Upper San Juan River.

Throughout the day, there will be activities and fun in Town Park. Join the Ladies in Wading as they organize casting and other contests, and there will be a rubber duckie race at 12:30 p.m. Enjoy tasty food like fish tacos, as well as live music and cool giveaways.

For more information, you can contact Connie Cook at 264-3804.

Bring the whole family out to Town and Centennial parks for a fun day celebrating our stretch of the San Juan River.

Arts Council auction

Doors open at 5 p.m. Saturday, June 3, as the Pagosa Springs Arts Council hosts the annual live and silent auction at the community center.

This auction is the primary fund-raiser for the Arts Council, providing monies for programs at the gallery in Town Park and the community center. This fun evening will be supplemented with elegant hors d'oeuvres provided by Wildflower Catering and music.

Gift certificates, gift items and wonderful art will be available in the auction. Come out and support an organization that provides so much talent to this community.

For more information you can contact the Arts Council at 264-5020.

Creede Theatre

With their opening night dinner and show gala June 2, Creede Repertory Theater begins its 2006 season.

On stage this year will be the Gershwin brothers' classic, "Crazy for You," "The Man Who Shot the Man Who Shot Jesse James," "Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street," with music by Stephen Sondheim, "Enchanted April," "Cowboyily" and "Snake in the Grass."

All these delightful presentations will run in Creede until the end of September.

CRT continues to support our Chamber of Commerce with a membership renewal each year. Congratulations to CRT for over 40 years of big theater productions in the ambience of a small mountain town.

For tickets, call (866) 658-2540 and stop by the Chamber for concert and schedule information.


The highly-anticipated, first-ever Indiefest, Folkwest Independent Music Festival is just around the corner starting Saturday, June 10.

This first year's line up looks to be a "tent-rocker." Folk Festival fans are thrilled to have Eileen Ivers and Ruthie Foster returning to the stage. More eclectic musical groups will be represented by Brave Combo, Clumsy Lovers, Public Property, Blame Sally and Gandalf Murphy and the Slambovian Circus of Dreams. Austin City Limits alumni Terri Hendrix and Eliza Gilkyson will seduce you with their stunning voices and reggae pop singer Selasee will come to life from the video game, FIFA2006 to win over another audience on his touring schedule.

This two-day festival on Reservoir Hill allows on-site camping for two-day pass holders. There will also be food and crafts. Children 12 and under are admitted free when accompanied by a paying adult. You can go online to www.folkwest.com to reserve tickets. Thanks to Dan Appenzeller and Crista Munro for bringing us another music festival and working this festival into a semi-shoulder tourist season. Let's watch the success of this festival grow as we have that of the Labor Day Folk Festival.

Membership mentions

Three new members and a slew of renewals grace our membership list this week.

We welcome Trinity Religious Articles located in the Pagosa Country Center on Country Centre Dr., Suite C. Trinity Religious Articles carries baptismal and confirmation gifts as well as other religious gift items. Their merchandise also includes books, videos, and inspirational literature. Specializing in Catholic merchandise, this gift store offers a wide range of religious items. To see if they carry a particular item, you can also call 731-1781. Thanks to Kathy Calderone for referring Trinity as a new Chamber member.

We also welcome aboard two consulting groups.

First on the list is the Lindblad Group, with Patsy Lindblad. Many people know Patsy for her diligent work with various community groups. She and Richard expand this talent to provide businesses and organizations the help to grow and succeed by offering management consulting services, business and marketing planning, business writing and other support services. Many individuals go into a business without a road map or business plan. Don't set yourself up for failure; call Patsy to help you be the best business you can be. The Linblad Group is available by calling 731-9074. Thank you, Patsy, for having another one of your affiliated organizations become a Chamber member.

The other consultant we have joining this week is Cole Consultants, with Robert Cole. Offering security operations consulting for overseas and domestic services, Cole Consultants has the expertise to aid your business in this ever-changing arena. His services are global for those businesses that work locally and out of the area. For more information, contact Judith Cole at 264-9181.

Our renewals this week start off with The Source for Pagosa Real Estate and Mike and Lauri Heraty. We welcome back Ron and Ann Bubb and Switchback Mountain Gear. Also, thanks for the renewal to Wild Spirit Gallery. We welcome back long-time Chamber members, Nancy and Gilbert Davidson and Davidson's Country Inn. Pat Carey renews with Cozy Country Vacation Rental/Hitchin' Post. Bob and Shirley Sprague are back with Acres Green RV Park. Welcome back Wayne Wilson, CPA, PFS, CFP. Back on the renewal list this week is Bill Queen and Action Fire and Safety. Frank Schiro and Curb Appeal renew a membership this week. And we welcome back Mary Kruger and The Real Estate Book, in Farmington.

Don't forget the Chamber newsletter will be out the first week of June. Inside this edition is a calendar of events for June and July you can pull out and save. Use this information to plan your very busy summer with family and friends. To list your event on the events calendar on the Chamber Web page, go to www.pagosaspringschamber.com, click on events, and fill out the event sheet. This information is vital to local organizations to help determine what other events are going on at the same time. It's also vital to visitors planning activities in our community, and it creates better exposure for your event. Give us a call to list your event or just go online.

Don't forget to mark Monday, June 19, and Saturday, June 24, on your calendar for Party in the Park events for Ride the Rockies and The Bicycle Tour of Colorado. It's community fun for all. There are still a few volunteer slots available. Call the Chamber if you are interested in working a few hours on either of these dates.

Biz Beat

Heather Fiala Brown and Brittaney Meyer own and operate The Academy of Cosmetology, LLC, a private occupational school located at 2035 Eagle Drive, No. 103, in the Mountain View Plaza.

The Academy of Cosmetology school is the first of its kind in Pagosa Country, offering cosmetology, hair stylist, manicurist and esthetician courses. A student will no longer have to travel out of the area to further their education in these subjects.

Brittaney and Heather are excited about the job potential they are creating for their students and the growth it offers in the community.

For further information, contact Brittaney at (970) 398-0081, or Heather at (970) 946-7947.



Cards of Thanks

Zellner benefit

A heartfelt thank you from Freda Whisman to everyone who helped with the Zellner benefit auction: Pagosa Springs SUN, K-Wolf, Satori (Mark and Michelle Smith), Norman Whisman Jr., Specialty Cabinets (Mike and Sandy Taylor), David Smith, Breanna Wood and Duane, Wyndel and Nila Wood, Bill and Susan Wood, Coyote Hill Resort (Gena), Pablo, Kelli and Dani Cruz, Frank and Elaine Zellner, Steve Wadley, Belle Zellner, Pagosa Daily Post, Gene and Patti Gramzow, The Rose (Jerry Frank), Pagosa Office Supply, S & H Distributing, AAA Propane, Inc. (Rick Taylor), Jim Miller, 95.7 Christian Radio, Boss Hoggs Restaurant and Saloon (Steve, Nancy and Mandy Kahlman), A-1 Pagosa Communications, Norm and Jesse Whisman.

Pagosa has a small-town personality and the heartbeat can be heard.

If I have forgotten anyone, please forgive me.



Emily Finney, a graduate of Pagosa Springs High School, received a bachelor of arts degree from the College of Wooster during commencement exercises on May 15.

While at Wooster, Finney served as president of the Sociology/Anthropology Club and co-president of the Babcock International Program. She also was a member of the African Students Association Ujamaa, Newman Catholic Ministries and Women of Images. In addition, she participated in the English as a Second Language program and received an academic achievement award.


Sports Page

Summer club volleyball program begins

Pirate volleyball players have a number of opportunities this summer to prepare for next fall's season.

A series of optional volleyball club activities are planned and players are encouraged to attend if they wish.

Throughout June, Coach Andy Rice will provide a weight training and conditioning program at the high school for any interested players in grades 9 to 12. The weight room at the school will be open Monday, Wednesday and Friday 8-9:30 a.m.

That same weight room schedule will hold through July.

In July, open gym for all high school players will take place 3-5 p.m. Tuesdays — July 11, 18 and 25 - and Thursdays - July 6, 13, and 27. There will be open gym Aug. 8 and 10.

In August a home high school camp will take place Aug. 1-3 from noon to 2 p.m. each day. A junior high school camp will be held Aug. 9-11 from 8:30-11 a.m,. each day. All returning Pirate varsity players are asked to assist.

High school-age club scrimmages are planned against Durango and Alamosa in early August, with dates and times to be announced.

The cost for the summer club season, including camp, is $30. Checks can be made out to Pagosa Springs Volleyball Club.

The high school practice season begins Aug. 14. Players can expect two-a-day sessions with morning and early afternoon workouts for two weeks. An up-to-date physical is required before a player can practice after Aug. 14.

For further information, contact Coach Rice at 264-1951.

Girls' basketball camps and programs begin

Girls entering grades four to eight are invited to attend the annual Pirate Girls Basketball Camp scheduled June 5-7 at the high school gym.

The camp will run 8:30-11:30 a.m. each day. Girls will have the chance to sharpen their shooting, dribbling and passing skills, and to participate in contests and scrimmages.

Coaches Lynch, Martinez, Looper and Schick will help with the camp, along with senior Pirate players Jessica Lynch, Lyndsey Mackey, Kristen DuCharme, Samantha Harris and Emily Martinez.

Parents can register their daughters the day of the camp or in advance by calling Coach Bob Lynch at 731-3007, by e-mailing Coach Lynch at rflynch@pagosa.net, or by mailing information to 226 N. Honeysuckle Ave. in Pagosa.

The cost of the three-day camp is $30 and each camper will receive a regulation outdoor basketball and a Pirate T-shirt.

Girls entering ninth-12th grades who are interested in playing basketball in high school should call Coach Lynch at 731-3007 to learn about open gyms and team camps that are scheduled for high school girls in late May and June. The Pirate girls have qualified for the state tournament six of the last 10 years and look to build on this winning tradition by offering opportunities for girls to improve their skills during the off-season.

Women's golf team competes at Aztec

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

The Pagosa Women's Golf Association sent eight of its lowest handicap players to Aztec Hidden Valley Golf Club May 11 for its first team play day of the 2006 season. The ladies competed against the host team and garnered 30 1/2 points in the match play event.

Eight teams compete in the league, representing Cortez Conquistador, Dalton Ranch, Hillcrest, Aztec Hidden Valley, Pagosa Springs, Pinon Hills, San Juan Country Club and Kirtland Riverview.

These teams play twice a month in May and August and once a month in June, July, September and October. Each team has eight members and play four twosomes, all paired according to handicaps.

Each hole of the 18 is played in match-play format; one point is awarded per hole, if the hole is tied then each team receives 1/2 point. The total number of points any twosome can win is 18 per round.

Representing Pagosa in the opener were Barbara Sanborn, Lynne Allison, Cherry O'Donnell, Jane Day, Josie Hummel, Loretta Campuzano, Sue Martin and Doe Stinger.

The Pagosa Women's Team earned 27 1/2 points in its match play competition against Hillcrest Golf Club at Riverview Kirtland May 25.

Representing Pagosa were Barbara Sanborn, Jan Kilgore, Marilyn Smart, Lynne Allison, Cherry O'Donnell, Carrie Weisz, Audrey Johnson and Sue Martin.

Sanborn, team captain, said that even though the point totals were not as high this year as last, she feels that the team will improve as the season progresses. The next team play event is scheduled for June 15 at Cortez Conquistador.

Women's Golf league results

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

The Pagosa Women's Golf Association played a low putt format for its league day May 9. The results were tallied from the first nine holes, as play was halted due to inclement weather.

First flight winners in the 0-29 handicap division were: Cherry O'Donnell, first place with 15 putts; Loretta Campuzano, second with 17; and Lynn Mollett, Third with 18. Second flight winners in the 30 and over handicap division were Marilyn Copley, first with 18 putts, and Claudia Johnson, Sally Bish and Maxine Pechin tied for second place with 20 putts each.

The association played an "Odd/Even" format for its league May 16. The women played the Ponderosa Meadows courses and took their scores from the odd holes on the Ponderosa course (1, 3, 5, 7 and 9), and the even holes on the Meadows course (2, 4, 6 and 8). The women totaled their gross scores from the nine odd and even holes, subtracted 1/2 of their handicaps from this total for their new aggregate scores.

Josie Hummel was first with a 33; tied for second were Claudia Johnson, Jay Wilson, Sally Bish and Barb Lange, each with a 35. Bonnie Hoover, Carole Howard and Toosje LaMoreaux tied for third, each with a 36.

The women's golf league played "Three Pigs in a Poke" format May 23. The women played the Meadows Pinon course and at the end of play, deducted their three worst holes from their gross score.

First flight winners in the 0-25 handicap division were: Barbara Sanborn, first with a 63; Marilyn Smart, second with a 66; Lynne Allison, third with a 71; Jan Kilgore, fourth; and Cherry O'Donnell fifth, with a 72 and 74 respectively.

Second flight winners in the 26 and over handicap division were Sue Martin and Nikki Buckley, first with a 79 each. Tied for second were Barb Lange and Karen Carpenter, each with an 80, and Sally Bish was third with a 92.

Men's golf league features Chapman event

By Bill Curtiss

Special to The SUN

The Pagosa Springs Men's Golf League played a two-man Chapman event May 24 with each player hitting tee shots then playing each other's ball on the second shot, selecting the preferred ball after the second shot and then playing alternate shot.

In the low gross category, first place was won by Dan Howe and David Prokop with a score of 71. Second place gross was won by Josh Yerton and Gene Johnson with a score of 73.

Carl Carman and Rick Taylor won first place net with a score of 59. Second place net went to the team of Jere Hill and Russ Hatfield, with a score of 64.

All interested players are invited to join the men's golf league, which plays every Wednesday at 1 p.m.

Annual Fun Day Rodeo Series set to begin

The schedule has been set for the 2006 Fun Day Rodeo Series.

Rodeos are scheduled at the Western Heritage Event Center on U.S. 84 on June 18, July 9, Aug. 12 and Sept. 9. All rodeos begin at noon.

Events are goat tying, barrel racing, pole bending, keyhole race, breakaway roping, flag race and ribbon roping.

Ribbons are awarded at each rodeo and year-end prizes are awarded for the four-rodeo series.

Entries are accepted beginning at 11 a.m. the day of each rodeo. Fees are $15 for the day or $5 per event. Exhibition runs are $5.

For more information, call Randy Talbot, 731,5203, or Lori Lucero, 264-4750.

Pagosa Springs Recreation

Last-minute softball registrations taken today

By Tom Carosello

SUN Columnist

Today is the registration deadline for the 2006 adult men's and coed softball leagues.

Registration forms are available at the department office, which is now located upstairs in Town Hall.

Team registration fees are $250, plus a $25 fee per player.

The leagues are tentatively scheduled to begin in early June. For more information call 264-4151, Ext. 232.

Youth baseball

Picture day for all players and coaches in Pinto division (6-8) is Wednesday, June 7. Please make arrangements to show up at least 20 minutes prior to your child's scheduled game time to facilitate the process.

The Pinto schedule for the coming week includes:

- Monday, June 5 - Reds vs. Dodgers at 5:30 p.m. on Field 2, Rockies vs. Angels at 5:30 p.m. on Field 3, Orioles vs. Yankees at 6:35 p.m. on Field 2 and White Sox vs. A's at 6:35 p.m. on Field 3.

- Wednesday, June 7 - Angels vs. White Sox at 5:30 p.m. on Field 2, A's vs. Yankees at 5:30 p.m. on Field 3, Reds vs. Orioles at 6:35 p.m. on Field 2 and Dodgers vs. Rockies at 6:35 p.m. on Field 3.

Picture day for all players and coaches in Mustang division (9- 10) is Wednesday, June 14. Please make arrangements for your child to arrive at least 20 minutes prior to game time on this date.

The Mustang division schedule for the coming week at Pagosa Springs High School baseball complex, Field 1, includes the following:

- Monday, June 5 - Angels vs. White Sox at 5:30 p.m. and Yankees vs. Rockies at 7:10 p.m.

- Wednesday, June 7 - Yankees vs. Angels at 5:30 p.m. and Rockies vs. White Sox at 7:10 p.m.

Pinto and Mustang division schedules are available at Town Hall and will be posted weekly on the town Web site, in The SUN and recorded on the sports hotline, 264-6658.

Tee-ball pictures

Parents and coaches who ordered tee-ball pictures can pick them up at Pagosa Photography, 480 San Juan St. If you have questions concerning your photo order, call Jeff Laydon at 264-3686.


Horseshoe pitching at South Pagosa Park will continue each Tuesday from 5-7 p.m., through September.

From beginners to experts, everyone is welcome to play and improve. Now is a good time to come out and sharpen your eye for this year's county fair tournament. If there's enough interest, we'll hold a town tournament in October.

So, remember to attend Tuesday-evening practice and pick-up games at South Pagosa Park's horseshoe courts, just north of the basketball courts. Come when you can.

Sports hotline

General information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department can be obtained by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to townofpagosasprings.com and going to the parks and recreation link.

All schedules and upcoming events are updated on a weekly basis.

If you have questions or concerns, or need additional information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, call 264-4151, Ext. 232.



Eye on the future

With the Memorial Day holiday past, we are closing in on Pa-gosa Country's busiest season. Summer is nearly here, the lines at the grocery are longer, there is more traffic on the highways and local roads; snowbirds return to their summer roosts and local lodging establishments and rentals experience an increase in business.

We hear tell there were as many as 400 check-ins at the Fairfield timeshare office this week. There are more people dipping in the geothermal waters, more tables full at restaurants. The rush is on; tourists are here to enjoy themselves, spend their money and, if all works as it should, make plans to return.

Events planned this summer and early fall are in place, many of them catering to our visitors. Some have extraordinary and growing drawing power: take the inaugural Indiefest for example, set for the concert site atop Reservoir Hill in a week's time. This new addition to the Folkwest lineup has potential to rival its sister production, the Four Corners Folk Festival - the established bookend on the Labor Day weekend — with a national, even international following. Our Fourth of July festivities (the Red Ryder Roundup Rodeo, arts and crafts fair, parade) are renowned and are a magnet for visitors in mid summer. The same can be said of the annual Music in the Mountains concert series, the Colorfest celebration and balloon rally in early fall.

There are numerous events that cater primarily to residents but add great charm to the area: this weekend's river celebration, local rodeos and festivals, various chamber of Commerce-sponsored events among them.

Two large bike tours will pass through this summer, each bringing a large crowd.

It is wise to reflect on the trade and ask ourselves what we are doing to encourage this cornerstone of our local economy.

We can only speculate about the future of tourism in Pagosa Country, and acknowledge it as one of our three industries, along with the real estate and construction businesses (more second and third homes of impressive character) and the immigration of retirees and those who, with improved Internet capability, are able to do business at a distance.

Whether tourism will continue to grow in light of escalating fuel costs is debatable. We think it is probable that higher fuel costs will curb long-range travel, auto and air, making areas such as ours desirable to visitors living at a reasonable distance.

This causes us to again ponder what we are doing as a community to make the area more attractive to individuals and families who wish to visit, to indulge in all manner of recreation, to dine and to be entertained. And return home.

If the tourist market grows more compact and competitive, we must be able to attract visitors with high-quality lodging, restaurants, shops and entertainment outlets. If we don't tend to this area, other places will provide what we cannot. If we encourage low-grade commercial development, with low-end goods and services, we could die on the vine while others flourish. Such a failure would affect us all.

It is time to focus on the nature and extent of commercial development in the area and whether, as a community, we wish to cement the foundation of tourism in place. If so, we must act now - and demand our elected representatives act now - to guarantee our success as much as we can. We need to create and enforce codes and reasonable regulations (including junk and nuisance ordinances) to make the environment as attractive as possible, and work cooperatively with quality commercial developers to create an energetic business community, with appeal.

Meanwhile, it is time to attend our events, make our visitors welcome and enjoy this, our busiest season Š always with an eye cast on our future.

Karl Isberg


Shari Pierce

90 years ago

Taken from SUN files of June 2, 1916

A traveling merry-go-round is in process of construction in the city park.

John E. Colton, who for the past six months has been traveling with the fish and ducks along the Florida coast and visiting relatives in New York State, returned Monday looking and feeling fine.

The Mesa Verde National Park, southwestern Colorado, was opened to the public Monday, May 22nd, for the 1916 tourist season. The camps at Spruce Tree House are now ready for visitors, and the government automobile scenic highway leading from Mancos to the prehistoric cliff dwellings is in fine condition.

Joe Williams has completed a garage for Sam Sullenberger which will house two autos.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of June 5, 1931

There is a movement on foot to hold a celebration in Pagosa on Saturday, July 4.

A new filling station is being established on the Springs property near the east end of the San Juan Street bridge, and will handle Texaco gas and oils.

Wolf Creek Pass was formerly opened to traffic Monday, and the highway is reported in excellent condition. Traffic both ways over the route is increasing heavily each day.

Mrs. John Toner of upper Piedra was thrown from a horse one day last week and quite painfully and seriously injured. She was brought to town for medical treatment and has now about fully recovered at the home of Mrs. Mary Dunn.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of June 7, 1956

Nickel grabbers to be placed on Main Street. At is regular monthly meeting on Monday night of the week the Town Board voted to buy parking meters, extend the water mains into South Pagosa and handled routine business. The board discussed street widening, and health requirements for camping in the town park. They also requested that in the future that the garbage disposal man be called to take care of dead animals instead of residents placing the animals in trash cans for removal with the trash and garbage.

The volunteer project to widen Main Street is going ahead with much more speed than anyone ever anticipated. At the upper end the street has been widened approximately 75 feet.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of June 5, 1981

Glen Edmonds was honored by present and former SUN employees Friday night. Other friends and associates from his 32 years at the helm of the SUN also spoke of his great and tireless efforts for the community. Mrs. Ima Edmonds was also recognized for her patience and devotion. She has served the school district for 23 years.

Four hot mineral spas in a large deck area will open Saturday at the Pagosa Spring Inn. Water used in the spas is taken directly from the Great Hot Spring, piped through the motel unit where it is used for heat. According to proprietor Gary Lockhart, the four tubs offer four temperatures and are the first hot mineral spas open to the general public for many years at the Spring Inn.



A Pagosan in Munich

By Alexia Huffman

Special to The SUN

"What is it like to be an American living in Germany right now?"

" Are the Europeans always asking you about politics?"

"What's their general opinion of the United States?"

Aside from everyone wanting to know what Oktoberfest is really like, or if I have room for them to stay at my apartment during the World Cup, these are the three questions I hear most from friends back home. Before I share some of the experiences I've had over the last seven months though, let me first explain what a Pagosan is doing here in Munich for a year.

After graduating from Dartmouth College last spring, I was fortunate enough to win a Fulbright research grant. This program, established in 1946 by Sen. J. William Fulbright, of Arkansas, was designed to "increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries." I am one of over a quarter million people whom the Fulbright Commission has enabled to travel around the globe in order to conduct research and further their studies in the 60 years since its conception.

Fulbright grantees are chosen from a wide variety of fields - some are doing research on Alzheimer's and intellectual property laws, while others spend their time reading about German agricultural practices or Roman Law.

My particular project has been to research American efforts to de-nazify and "re-educate" German citizens in the American Zone following the Second World War. The most interesting aspect of my research has been to locate and interview former German prisoners of war who were interned in the United States from 1943-47 and hear about their experiences. Most of them remembered being amazed by the sheer size of our country, some of them still expressed gratitude that, as prisoners, they had been given the opportunity to continue their studies through correspondence courses, and almost all of them said that the time they had spent in the United States as prisoners-of-war was the "most wonderful" time of their lives.

Sixty years later, in a 10 square-meter studio apartment much larger than the sleeping quarters such a prisoner would have had in his POW camp, I'm an American trying to make sense of German rules and regulations in order to enjoy my 10-month stay in Munich. Anyone planning to spend a significant amount of time in a foreign country knows that they have to be prepared to do things differently, but you don't really understand what that means until you've spent an entire Saturday moving into a new apartment, only to wake up on Sunday morning and realize that your refrigerator is empty, and because Monday is a holiday there won't be any grocery stores (or any stores at all for that matter) open until Tuesday.

Most people's biggest concern in a foreign country is the language, but thanks to picking up a good German accent from my mother as a baby I haven't experienced many difficulties on that end, aside from not being able to understand some of the thicker Bavarian accents, which some Americans compare to heavy southern accents in the United States.

This German fluency has led to a number of funny situations. My favorite "language encounter" was telling someone I was from Colorado and getting the response, "Oh, you just got back from a study-abroad, how did you like the United States?" I almost had to show him my passport before he would believe that I was actually American and wasn't just pulling his leg. Second place goes to the university employee who, when I was trying to sign up for a Turkish language course, tried to convince me that there were far too many people in the class already and that I would be much better served by studying English instead.

Not all of my language experiences have been funny, however. I've occasionally had to explain to very irritated and impatient bureaucrats that although I speak German without an American accent, I'm not a German citizen and actually have no idea how to fill out all their forms.

If not the language, what have the most difficult adjustments been then, you probably wonder? There have only been a few things about Germany that I can say I really dislike, and of these the German bureaucratic "monster" certainly takes the cake! There's simply a paper for everything imaginable, every paper needs a stamp and a signature, the order in which you get your papers stamped and signed is very important and, of course, nobody seems to be able to give you a clear answer as to what this order should be.

Not only that, but offices don't keep what we would consider to be "normal" opening hours. For example, the administrative agency responsible for residence and working permits for all of Munich has the following opening hours: Monday, Tuesday,= and Thursday from 8 a.m.-noon, and Fridays from 7 a.m.-noon. Whatever happened to Wednesday? And why can't European bureaucrats work after their lunch break? Oh, and did I mention that the workers union in Munich has been striking for almost three months to protest the fact that the government is trying to increase the work week from 38.5 to 40 hours per week?

While I'm on the subject of strikes, I should talk briefly about politics. It is indeed true that Germans are deeply interested in politics, especially the American political scene. Anyone and everyone seems to have an opinion, and most are surprisingly well informed about current issues. My favorite example of the typical German love for political debate is a Bavarian taxi driver whom I met on my first afternoon in Munich.

I arrived in Germany in the middle of September, just as the German elections were taking place. As you may know, the results of this election were profoundly unexpected and the entire nation was kept in suspense for several weeks while various political parties struggled to form an operative coalition.

Tired after my long train ride from the Fulbright orientation session in Goettingen, I started to make small talk with the driver about the weather in Bavaria and asked whether there were already lots of tourists in town for this year's Oktoberfest. We gradually moved on to where I was from, and as soon as he found out that I was from the United States he wanted to know my views on our last election, Social Security, healthcare, taxes and Iraq. Taken aback, I cautiously commented on a few of these topics, making sure to point out that my opinions were certainly not representative of general American sentiment. To my utmost surprise, he started into a tirade about how German taxes are too high, the country is too socialized, and the government tries to tell citizens exactly how to run their lives. Forty minutes later, after sitting in a parked taxi in front of my aunt's apartment for half of that time (don't worry, he did turn off the meter after he stopped the car), I still couldn't believe that a Bavarian taxi driver had been admonishing me, as he put it, "not to let those American politicians ruin a good thing and stick their noses into citizens' personal affairs."

My 84-year-old German aunt was less impressed by the taxi driver's political views than I was, and didn't believe me when I tried to explain that I couldn't have just gotten out of the car until I had heard him out. For her, politics was less important than another German rule, namely being on time for tea and cake Š

There may be a few more hoops to jump through in order to live in Germany, the lines may be longer, and the concept of a smiling public official completely foreign, but I certainly haven't for one second regretted my decision to spend this year in Munich. The best part of being here has been the opportunity to meet so many interesting people, whether the host family I stayed with for two weeks before I could move into student housing, German and international students in my classes at the university, or former German Fulbrighters who put together a fabulous Thanksgiving feast for all of the current grantees in Munich, complete with pumpkin pie and cranberry sauce.

Since I've made the transition to food, I might as well continue with that theme. The Biergarten is simply a fabulous invention: sunshine, cold beer and big wooden tables shared by strangers and friends alike. And this brings me to yet another difference between the United States and Germany - if there is a shortage of tables, whether in an informal Biergarten setting or a nicer restaurant, people will simply walk up, ask if the whole table is occupied or not, and if the answer is no then they'll promptly sit themselves down and join you. Some people will strike up a conversation and end up sharing their life stories while others keep to themselves, but at the very least everyone toasts together when new drinks are brought to the table.

German beer deserves its own section in this article, but since my parents subscribe to The SUN I'll just mention that you can buy a decent bottle of wine in Germany for three euros while a bottle of saline solution for contact lenses costs almost 15.

Jokes aside, come July when I'm back in Pagosa reminiscing about this year in Munich the things I'll miss most are cheap inter-European flights, the German public transportation system, student discounts for the theatre and opera, and the other Fulbrighters I've met. Thanks to carriers like Ryanair and EasyJet I've been able to fly from Munich to London, Ireland and Berlin, each time for less than half of what I pay to get from Denver to Durango. Then there are the German busses, trains and underground system that are on time 98 percent of the time and will take you to anywhere you might possibly want to go, from Slovenia to some little town in the middle of nowhere.

Lastly, how could I write about my experiences in Germany without mentioning the tremendous cultural opportunities? Everywhere you look there is a rich cultural history - museums, theatres, opera, concerts, the list goes on and on. As a student, if you're willing to wait in line for thirty minutes or so you can usually get tickets in the first rows of a concert hall or opera house for only a few euros.

More than anything else, however, I'll miss the other Fulbrighters I've gotten to know during my time here in Germany. These people from all walks of life share an infectious energy, openness and intellectual curiosity that has truly shaped my experience and I have made friendships which I'm sure will last a lifetime.

Pagosa's Past

A different version of the Wagon Mound incident

By John Motter

Last week, we presented Kit Carson's account of a Jicarilla Apache raid on Anglo traders in wagons that took place near Wagon Mound, N.M., in 1849.

The wagon train was following a branch of the Santa Fe Trail connecting Missouri with Santa Fe. Because a white woman and her daughter, their last name was White, were taken captive and later killed by the Jicarilla, a national uproar ensued.

This week, we present a version of the same incident written by Veronica Velarde Tiller, a Jicarilla Ph.D., in her history of her people titled "The Jicarilla Apache Tribe, A History, 1846-1970."

Beginning on page 34 we read:

"An incident in Las Vegas (N.M.) in August 1849 led to further deteriorations of relations (between Indian and Anglo ... Motter). A party of forty peaceful Jicarillas came to town to trade, but ended skirmishing with the troops. Captain Henry M. Judd, who later reported that these Indians had come 'with an evident design of committing depredations should a chance be presented,' seemed sure that it was this band that had committed murders and robberies in the vicinity. He felt that his suspicions were confirmed when he learned that they wanted to obtain some gunpowder. Evidently they were unable to buy any, but as they were leaving town, Judd ordered Lt. Ambrose Burnside to follow and arrest them. In the ensuing skirmish, six Apaches (five women and one man) were taken prisoner. Three years later, in an interview with Indian Agent John Greiner, Jicarilla Chief Francisco Chacón explained that the Apaches had gone to Las Vegas to trade, but were attacked by the troops. Chacón believed that this incident had occurred because the Apaches had been blamed for the death of two Mexicans and the theft of cattle at Casa Colorado. Chacón believed also that this unprovoked assault had resulted in a later attack on a group of Americans near Wagon Mound, in which the band leader, Chino, was killed.

"This kind of misunderstanding and distrust led to more conflict. Another incident began on October 28, 1849, when a band of Jicarilla and Ute warriors attacked the White party train near Point of Rocks, seventy miles east of Barclay's Fort near the Santa Fe Trail cutoff, and took Mrs. White and her daughter captive. Several days later, they were seen by a party of Pueblo Indians who visited an Apache camp. After discovering the overturned carriage and the male victims, one of the Pueblos hurried to Las Vegas to report to Calhoun, while another went to Barclay's Fort to notify the military. Initially, the army seemed reluctant to act without more substantial evidence. Within a week, however, Major William N. Grier and a force of 140 men from the Taos Post went to the Point of Rocks to investigate. On November 3 they picked up the trail, which led them toward the canyons of the Red River. Two weeks later, they found the remains of a fresh camp. The Apaches fled, leaving all their belongings behind, when the soldiers charged in. There they found Mrs. White's body, with an arrow in her head, about 300 yards from the lodges. After pursuing the fleeing Indians briefly, the troops gave up. Although the child was never found, it was believed she had been killed and thrown into the canyon.

"Meanwhile, twenty soldiers from Las Vegas started out with Sergeant Henry Swartwont in pursuit of the Indians. He took along Lobo's daughter, who had been previously captured by Burnside, as a guide and hostage to be exchanged for Mrs. White. Along the way another incident added more fuel to the fire of hostilities. While encamped for the night, the prisoner asked to go to the top of the knoll. There she began to weep and it was surmised that she had seen some sign of her people and tried, in this way, to warn them. In the morning when several teamsters were ordered to put her in the wagon, she seized a butcher knife and tried to stab them. A chase ensued around the camp fire and between the mules and wagons. When she could not catch the teamsters, she stabbed the mules, one of which died shortly thereafter. At that moment, Sergeant Martinez shot her in the head, an act for which her father, Lobo, would later take revenge. The soldiers returned to Las Vegas, where they heard that Major Grier had found Mrs. White's body on the Red River."

"The Jicarilla version of the affair, told to Greiner by Chacon in 1852" Š will come in next week's PREVIEW.

Pagosa Sky Watch

Look, in the sky ... is that a contrail or a chemtrail?

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The following sun and moon data is provided by the United States Naval Observatory.

Sunrise: 5:49 a.m.

Sunset: 8:23 p.m.

Moonrise: 10:46 a.m.

Moonset: 1:05 a.m. on June 2.

Moon phase: The moon is waxing crescent with 30 percent of the visible disk illuminated. The moon is at first quarter June 3, at 5:06 p.m. Mountain Daylight Time.

It's a perfect spring day, the sky is electric blue and cloudless and you are out for a walk. You pause for a moment to enjoy your surroundings, then gaze overhead. A jet traveling at high altitude passes and, in moments, a long white wispy tail appears behind the aircraft.

Is it a contrail or chemtrail? The answer to that question depends on your perspective, but what is the difference?

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, contrails, short for condensation trails, are slender, line-shaped clouds, composed primarily of water in the form of ice crystals, sometimes produced by jets cruising at high altitudes - typically several miles above Earth.

Like when exhaling becomes visible on a cold winter morning, contrail formation relies on the balance of a combination of elements, namely, water vapor found in aircraft engine exhaust, cold temperatures typically found at a jetliner's high cruising altitudes and humidity.

For a contrail to form, aircraft exhaust gases must encounter sufficiently cool surrounding air and a level of humidity that allows for liquid water to condense. If environmental factors are amenable to contrail formation, water vapor in the aircraft exhaust condenses and freezes. Since air temperatures at a jetliner's high cruising elevation are quite cold - generally less than -40 F - only a small amount of water is necessary for condensation to occur. Once condensation takes place, the visible trail left in the plane's wake is actually a trail of ice crystals.

Once the ice trail forms, the same environmental factors that enable the trail's initial formation also govern its duration. If the surrounding atmospheric humidity is too low, water in the jet's exhaust may not condense and the contrail will be invisible, short lived, or will extend only a short distance behind the aircraft. For example, research indicates contrails occur less frequently in areas of very low humidity, such as the Southwest.

If humidity is high, the newly formed ice particles can grow by taking on water from the surrounding atmosphere. In this case, a contrail can extend for great distances behind the aircraft and will eventually expand into a wide wispy layer of cirrus clouds.

Observations indicate some contrails, called "persistent contrails," by researchers, can last for hours and, when spread by wind, can expand to several kilometers in width and up to 400 meters in height.

Once a contrail evolves into a cirrus-type cloud, it becomes indistinguishable from naturally occurring cirrus clouds and this transformation has drawn the attention of the scientific community.

Climatologists understand cloud cover plays a vital role in regulating the temperature of Earth and its atmosphere.

And with the pervasiveness of jet travel and a contrail's ability to behave and function essentially like a cirrus cloud, scientists are working to discover if connections exist between contrails, cloud density and global warming.

While chemtrail proponents don't doubt the existence of genuine contrails, they say contrails provide a useful cover for the covert spraying of chemical or biological agents from jet aircraft.

Like the word "contrail," "chemtrail" is a shortened version of "chemical trail" and this abbreviation relates directly to the alleged spraying program.

A Google search for "chemtrails" showed 595,000 hits in 0.05 seconds. And of the first 10 or 20 sites listed, many provided a similar explanation for chemtrails and the spraying program.

According to various sites, the goal of the chemtrail program is mind control, mass conditioning, low level population reduction via the release of deadly pathogens and global atmospheric modifications.

In most cases, the sites describe the perpetrators as a group of unknown, high ranking corporate and government officials, collectively called the New World Order. Or, they say the spraying is linked to a government/CIA super plot masterminded to dominate all of human kind.

The key distinction, the same sources say, between a contrail and a chemtrail, is that chemtrails are thicker than contrails and are "applied" in cross-hatched, grid, parallel, or X-shaped patterns to ensure maximum coverage and dissipation.

In addition, they say chemtrails, unlike contrails, do not dissipate quickly. Instead, they tend to linger, eventually melding together to form a thin white blanket of toxicity over the sky.

During times of "application," some chemtrail proponents complain of respiratory difficulties, confusion and headaches. However, their claims remain unsubstantiated by science, and many chemtrail proponents are written off as conspiracy theorists.

Until definitive evidence is presented that proves otherwise, the scientific community will continue calling those white jet trails "contrails." But whether they are streaks of aircraft engine exhaust or a plot of the New World Order, will undoubtedly remain a matter of perspective.



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