November 10, 2005
Front Page

Town, Corps to meet on river project

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

The Town of Pagosa Springs continues to pursue an elusive Army Corps of Engineers permit for broadening recreational activities in the stretch of the San Juan River that passes through town.

Town officials believe the San Juan River Project is the shared vision of the community, based on extensive public input during conceptual Downtown Master Plan meetings. The river improvements are also expected to produce "millions of dollars in economic development" by improving the river's fishing, whitewater activities and aesthetics, according to Julie Jessen, Town of Pagosa Springs special projects director.

Implementation of the River Project Phase II has been stalled by the lack of the Army Corps Section 404 permit. The permit is part of the Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Water Act requirements, relating to the addition of "fill material" into waterways. Although Section 404 specifically relates to minimizing adverse environmental effects at disposal sites, separate Army Corps guidelines require that no "fill material shall be permitted if there is a practicable alternative to the proposed discharge which would have less adverse impact on the aquatic ecosystem."

Phase II involves the building of a series of grouted "wave-type" features in the stretch of river from the pedestrian bridge to the "6th Street Bend", and a series of ungrouted "flow-through" features in the section of river from the 6th Street Bend to the Apache Bridge. The grouted wave-type features will "provide play areas for boaters and rafters," according to a town press release, and have been a primary cause for concern due to the concrete grout required for their construction. The Colorado Division of Wildlife opposes the use of grout in river structures because of the reduction of interstitial spaces within the aquatic ecosystem necessary for spawning fish and insects.

The town initially built the first grouted U-shaped feature in the San Juan River in March of this year (the popular "Davey Wave" upstream of the pedestrian bridge) and stabilized the right bank upstream of the structure with large boulders to prevent the erosion of the footpath. The work was specifically authorized by the Army Corps under an existing permit on March 1. However, after an on-site Army Corps inspection on March 15 the town was directed to "cease and desist any additional discharge of fill material into the San Juan River" because the Army Corps said the proposed work did not comply with Section 404 of the Clean Water Act.

The town then proceeded to apply for the required Section 404 permit. A public notice seeking comments was posted by the Army Corps in July and letters were received from the Colorado Division of Wildlife, the United States Geological Survey, the Colorado Division of Water Resources, the EPA, the Colorado Department of Health and Environment, and three consulting firms (no private citizen comments were received). The nine letters all expressed concerns about the project, with many comments relating to perceived negative effects on the aquatic habitat and the possible rise in flood stage.

Following the comment period, on Aug. 26, the Army Corps responded to the town, and based on the comments received, required the town to either remove the U structure and the bank stabilization, or "modify the project so that it meets our program requirements."

In a letter of response on Sept. 23. Mark Garcia, town manager, said that CDOW's alleged negative effect of grout is an "opinion" not supported by any factual data, and stated the onus of proof is "unfairly placed on us." Mike Japhet, CDOW aquatic biologist, disagreed and said "the burden of proof that grout is non-injurious is on the applicant." During an August fish counting exercise, Japhet electro-shocked and measured fish in the San Juan River. Although the study included the region surrounding the grouted U-structure, giving CDOW the scientific opportunity to back their public claims against grout, the grouted structure was not specifically evaluated. Japhet said a "thumbnail sketch" did indicate "fewer fish" below the grouted structure than in a roughly equivalent upstream section, but there would have to be a comparison study "with a whole lot more precision" to determine that scientifically. "I suspect you would find more fish in the ungrouted sections (of the San Juan River), but we haven't done the work to prove it," said Japhet.

Another issue is the alleged rise in the flood stage. The Army Corps cites data from Dave Grey, USGS technician. In March, during the river construction, the town relocated a 1911 USGS gauging station 200 feet upstream. Although the USGS has staging data for several additional points along the river, Grey set out to find out what the high water of 2005 would have read at the old site, if it was still there (directly at new U feature). Grey measured a washline of pine needles in the grass along the shore 50 feet upstream of the old gauging site, and tied it back with a survey of a known point near the old gauging station, enabling him to calculate the high water's equivalent stage height of 7.04 feet (at the point 50 feet upstream). The March high water level of 4,890 cfs would have correlated to a stage height (at the old gauging station) of 6.47 feet.

Using Grey's data, which he said is accurate to plus or minus 1.8 inches, the USGS stated that the channel "had been raised 0.6 feet possibly decreasing the channel's capacity by about 1,000 cfs" during high streamflows. Although Grey's data may show that the channel's capacity has decreased at that specific point, whether it accurately determines a rise in flood level prompted the town to perform a complete hydraulic computer analysis (using the Army Corps HEC-RAS program) to counter the increased flood level claims.

The issue ultimately comes down to philosophies of in-stream structures. Dave Rosgen, a professional hydrologist and the designer of the existing W structures installed in the river as part of a Fish and Wildlife "Fishing is Fun" program in 1995, has been a vocal opponent of the town's current San Juan River Project. Rosgen is not opposed to whitewater structures in principle, but is an advocate of ungrouted structures, and takes umbrage with references that his structures were unsafe or "failing," as claimed by the town. Although there was a stranded child on one of his structures in 2004 (who was rescued unharmed), and there is perceived danger of limb entrapment due to the intentional gaps in the W structures, there have been no major incidents with his structures since their installation. However, the W structures are designed to create "run, pool, glide" flow-through features which do not create recirculation eddies because "they cause bank erosion," according to a paper by Rosgen.

Recirculation eddies are an essential ingredient of whitewater parks, because they allow boaters to gather and play in the waves created by in-stream structures, rather than being pushed downstream by the current.

Gary Lacy of Recreational Engineering and Planning, and the architect of the town's San Juan River Project, believes that the U drop structure both enhances fish habitat (Rosgen concurs: "Any rock in the river helps habitat"), and creates a beneficial whitewater feature with recirculation eddies. Both the U structures and W structures are commonly used in river restoration projects; however, rivers which are intended for multipurpose recreational activities generally incorporate the U structure in their design.

Unlike the W structure, which tends to dissipate the river's energy in order to minimize bank erosion and increase the velocity past the structure, the U structure acts like a check-dam to store the river's energy in order to create the hydraulic jump wave popular with boaters. The hydraulic jump concentrates the power on the downstream side which "tends to pluck away" the structure's base and necessitates the use of grout to maintain structural integrity, according to Lacy. Although Lacy has built U structures without the use of grout in smaller creeks, he believes it to be a "really good insurance policy" for a river like the San Juan, which can experience high spring flows.

Lacy was chosen by the town's River Restoration Selection Committee (Rosgen did not participate in the selection process) specifically because his reputation for the minimal use of grout in U structures, said Angela Atkinson, member of the selection committee. According to Lacy, his designs "provide interstitial spaces downstream underwater primarily in low velocity areas" where the aquatic ecosystem is prevalent while using grout "primarily in high velocity areas" to prevent erosion of the structure.

From a boating perspective, the advantage of the U-shaped features is that they concentrate the flow, extending the recreational season into the lower flow months (W features, by contrast, tend to split the river's flow when the water is low, minimizing low water recreational opportunities). The river project as proposed by Lacy will also allow the "promotion of low-impact whitewater events in the (tourist) off-season, April to May," according to Atkinson. One study in Golden indicates that a $170,000 investment in river structures has brought in more than $1.7 million into the local economy.

The trend for communities with rivers running through town to build multipurpose whitewater and fishing parks has been occurring nationwide. Until recently, CDOW has not objected to grouted structures, giving the nod to a whitewater park in Gunnison, for example, where the Army Corps permit for the grouted U structures required CDOW sign-off, according to Lacy. But recent concern that the aquatic environment could be negatively impacted by grouted structures creating consequences for the trout fishery has been growing. The Bureau of Reclamation recently began a three-year study to analyze river structures in order to "improve the ability of river engineers to design and implement successful river restoration strategies."

In lieu of the comprehensive study, whether the town will be able to join the trend of building a whitewater park to enhance the recreational opportunities depends on the Army Corps permit. On Nov.16, town officials will meet with the Army Corps to "hash it out," said Garcia. Without data to certifiably prove the claims of either the detractors or supporters of the San Juan River Project, the outcome of the meeting is still a matter of conjecture.


Schiro recall fails

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

Efforts to recall Archuleta County Commissioner Robin Schiro have failed.

After a petition requesting a special recall election was approved by the Archuleta County Clerk's office, the Committee to Recall Robin Schiro had 60 days to collect 1,374 valid voter signatures.

However, according to Julie Rodriguez, a principal committee organizer, only 80 to 85 percent of that number had been gathered by the 4 p.m. Monday deadline.

"We did fall short of the number of signatures needed," Rodriguez said, "so we didn't turn any petitions in to the county. A lot of people and businesses signed the petitions, but since turning them in wouldn't serve our purpose, we wanted to protect those who signed from any possible repercussions."

Schiro represents District 1 on the Archuleta County Board of County Commissioners, having defeated incumbent Bill Downey in last fall's election. To force a special recall election, petitioners would have had to accumulate 1,374 valid signatures, or a quarter of the total votes cast in that race.

"Even though we didn't meet our goal, we did bring some awareness to existing problems with county government, and I think we sent a clear message reminding people that they need to keep an eye on public officials and hold them accountable," Rodriguez said.

By not submitting incomplete or insufficient petitions to the county, the committee feels subsequent recall efforts are possible, according to Rodriguez. "However, I have no future plans to pursue another recall," she said.

At press time, Commissioner Schiro was out of town tending to a family emergency and could not be reached for comment.


Forum considers land use code

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

A small but interested group of residents attended the first public forum for the Archuleta County Land Use Code project.

The meeting was held Tuesday evening in the Extension Building at the county fairgrounds and involved an interactive exercise where attendees could provide direct input on issues they believe are critical to an updated county land use code.

One of the primary themes that emerged from the exercise was the importance of identifying, establishing and preserving scenic corridors and wildlife migration corridors. Attendees also addressed how these corridors might be affected by future development, and brain stormed ways to mitigate the impacts.

To this end, attendees discussed the possibility of establishing wider easements along major roadways and adopting regulations requiring screening, landscaping, deeper set backs and uniform signage.

Another issue discussed was how to strike a balance between private property rights and creating a code that meets the vision and goals expressed in the Archuleta County Community Plan.

Lastly, the group explored different zoning options such as traditional zoning and performance-based zoning, and questioned whether infrastructure should be in place before development begins and if developers should be required to pay their own way.

While no conclusions were drawn, that was not the meeting's intent. It's purpose was to involve the public in identifying priorities and generating ideas the planning department can ultimately use as it works toward crafting a new land use code.

Although the group was engaged in the discussion, some asked how the county plan would be integrated into the town's planning efforts. And many agreed issues such as joint land use and big box development had to be tackled in a cooperative fashion.

Tim Horning said he had become disillusioned with the county's planning efforts after numerous false starts and he urged county staff to see this most recent effort through to completion.

Horning also spoke of an earlier study, built from similarly-styled meetings, where hundreds of county residents, rather than a handful, weighed in. He said the study could be invaluable to county planners and encouraged them to incorporate its data and ideas into their process.

In addressing Horning's concerns, Director of County Development Blair Leist and Archuleta County Commissioner Ronnie Zaday said they were determined to finish the project on the eight- to nine-month time table, with completion and adoption of the code scheduled for April or May of 2006

Martin Landers, project manager from HNTB Corporation, the consulting firm hired to undertake the project, said the Archuleta County Community Plan drafted in 2001 would provide the foundation for the new land use code. He said the updated code will replace the county's current set of land use regulations and once adopted, will mandate policies and procedures for land use and development on private property in the unincorporated areas of Archuleta County.

An additional introductory forum, similar to Tuesday's meeting, will be held today at two different times.

The first will occur at 10 a.m. in the Extension Building at the fairgrounds. The second will be held at 7 p.m. in Arboles at the Navajo Lake State Park Visitor's Center.

On Dec. 7 at 7 p.m., the Board of County Commissioners and the Archuleta County Planning Commission will meet in a joint work session that the public can attend - time will be allocated to take public comment.

For more information, or to provide comments on the project, contact the Archuleta County Planning Department at 264-5851 or on the Web at:


 Inside The Sun

Larson visits Pagosa, announces state senate run

By Chuck McGuire

Staff Writer

State Rep. Mark Larson, R-Cortez, announced his candidacy for state Senate Tuesday in the Archuleta County Commissioners' meeting room.

He will seek the District 6 Senate seat currently held by Sen. Jim Isgar, D-Hesperus, In the November 2006 election.

Following the 2006 House session, Larson will reach term limitation and be ineligible for reelection in the 59th House district.

"Eight years ago in August, I announced my intentions to run for the state Legislature in the House of Representatives," he said. "At that time I promised that I would work as hard as possible while representing my district."

He also promised to study every issue, to do his homework while listening to constituents and, most of all, to focus on the issue at hand without playing the politics he says "has tarnished statesmanship and pragmatism at all levels of government.

"As I stand before you today, I can honestly state that I have met that commitment," he said to a handful of local supporters. "I have truly enjoyed representing my 70,000 bosses and carrying their water in the Legislature. Because I do enjoy this job so much, and because I have established myself as a viable champion for our rural issues, I am announcing my candidacy to be your next state senator."

Upon entering office in 1999, Larson was a husband, father and business owner. His attention was on the issues and making government work for the people. However, this past summer he became a grandfather for the first time, and suddenly began wondering what the Colorado of the future will look like.

"Will we have the infrastructure necessary for Colorado to succeed?," he asked. "Will my grandson have the same opportunities to attend college and then move into gainful employment in our future? Will our environment have benefited from our good stewardship and will water be plentiful and clean? Will there be open space and wilderness for his generation to look at in awe as we have?

"I want to assure that these important questions are answered for my grandson and for Colorado," Larson said. "We must develop a vision for our state that promotes an educated and well-trained workforce that will in turn drive a healthy economy."

Larson went on to express hope in having a Colorado that can boast of its spectacular natural resources, well-maintained environment and open space, while still supporting wildlife, recreation and agriculture.

"I want to work for all of this in the Colorado State Senate while representing you and our great region of the state," he said.

He then identified five areas he intends to focus on through the remainder of his term as representative and in the upcoming senate race. They include transportation, agricultural and water issues, education and health care.

"Transportation issues go hand in hand with economic development," he said. "Building and reconstructing our highways is going to require innovative planning and resource partnerships, and we're going to have to look at funding schemes that best allow project financing without jeopardizing rural communities."

Larson thinks the state must play a critical role in revitalizing agriculture in order that ag communities remain vibrant and viable. "Bio-diesel, bio-pharming and ethanol programs can go a long way toward helping while also benefiting our environment," he said. He also believes the state can help farmers and ranchers mitigate the affects of important endangered species projects by paying them to participate.

Water issues continue to haunt rural Colorado communities, and Larson suggests more water storage projects should be built. He believes conservation measures should be required before trans-basin diversions are allowed, and he insists individual water rights must be protected.

Larson thinks state education is making some headway, but still has room for improvement. "Higher education is so critical to our state's economic future," he said, "that all efforts will be made to assure accountability and availability for all Colorado young adults."

According to Larson, health-care reform won't be as effective on the state level as it will be nationally. But he suggests the Medicaid program be reviewed, and if costs are to be controlled, he thinks a "preferred drug list" should be established.

As the next session of the Legislature convenes Jan. 11, 2006, Larson will be mindful of the narrow passage of Referendum C.

"I will be looking for opportunities to squeeze a higher value out of the taxpayer's dollars. Having been in business for over 30 years, I want to continue to look for better ways of doing business as efficiently as we can for the state."

In seven years as state representative, Larson has been recognized for outstanding service by various associations, and has received numerous awards.


Scouts hold annual food drive

Area Boy Scouts are conducting their annual "Scouting for Food" drive.

Bags with notes requesting food donations for our local food bank have been delivered to various residences throughout the community.

Scouts request that non-perishable food donations be placed in the bags. The bags should be placed by the front door of the home Saturday morning before 9 a.m. after which they will be collected by the scouts.

All donations will remain in the community with the local food bank.

If your donation is not picked up, or if you did not receive a donation request bag, call Troop 807 Scoutmaster Buck Pierce at 264-4862 to arrange to make your contribution.

The scouts thank everyone for their support, as we all work toward improving our local community by helping those less fortunate than ourselves.


Town to aid Mississippi community

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, much of the focus has been on the devastation suffered by big cities such as New Orleans. Hurricanes however, are indiscriminate, and numerous small towns suffered too. Some towns were practically decimated. D'Iberville, Miss. is one such town, but the Town of Pagosa Springs is offering help.

During the town's regular town council meeting Nov. 1, Pagosa Springs Town Manager Mark Garcia announced the selection of D'Iberville as the recipient of aid funds gathered by the town.

Garcia said after seeing the devastation wrought by Katrina, he felt compelled to help and began searching for small towns that had been hit by and were in dire need of help. He said he was looking for towns with traits similar to Pagosa Springs - namely, population and a town council/town manager form of government. Need, Garcia said also played a big factor.

"D'Iberville," Garcia said, "has a definite need."

Garcia said 18 town council and town staff members lost their homes to the hurricane. In addition, the entire public works facility was destroyed and the police department, including numerous vehicles, was obliterated.

"Their infrastructure took big hits. The water and sewer were still out last time I talked to them," Garcia said. That was about three weeks ago.

To make matters worse, Garcia said, D'Iberville has received little or no help from the American Red Cross and D'Iberville town officials are frustrated with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, particularly in regard to temporary housing.

To help D'Iberville with its reconstruction efforts, Garcia said the town has pledged $5,000 and he is challenging the community and the town council to meet that amount.

Garcia said, if community contributions exceed the $5,000 challenge amount, the town, with the town council's approval, might be able to match the community's donations dollar for dollar.

Garcia said the town's contribution will go directly to D'Iberville officials to use in whatever way they see fit. Individuals, Garcia said, can specify, if they like, how their contribution is spent.

Contributions can be brought to Pagosa Springs Town Hall.

For more information on Pagosa Springs' Hurricane Katrina relief efforts, contact the Town of Pagosa Springs at 264-4151.



Realization, comumunication, dance

Women from throughout the Four Corners region participated Saturday in WomenFest, The Fire Within, offered by the Women's Resource Center. There were 22 thought-provoking workshops to choose from during the event.

Life coach Mindy Stern, below, presented "Living Your Joy." Women focused on finding their "soul purpose" in life and finding what it takes to live out their dreams. Women lead such busy lives, it is often hard to find time and energy to tap into the creativity they need to live happy, fulfilled lives. Participants learned how to live a life centered on passion by using their jobs to support their dreams, learning the perfect time of day to work on their dreams and finding the time and energy to work at their peak.

Karen Thompson, above, led "Voicing the Fire Within - Communication Skills for Strong Women." Workshop participants learned about the two dimensions of behavior and communication (assertiveness and responsiveness), and what key actions can be taken to communicate more effectively with others.

Anne Berge, right, presented "Dance from the Source." The ancient roots of belly dancing connect dancers to the elements of fire and earth. This sensual, time-honored art improves rhythm, grace and posture.

PAWSD meeting a smorgasbord of issues

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

After an extended executive session pertaining to negotiations of land acquisitions around Stevens Reservoir, Tuesday's Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation board meeting began with public comment and an emphatic request by Jim Sawicki imploring the PAWS board to make the new Stevens Reservoir a public fishing spot.

The board, after listening to the Sawicki's request, noted that the Army Corps of Engineers Section 404 permit did not incorporate maintaining the reservoir as a fishery. Access issues were also discussed, as the Humane Society's shelter building (the previous parking spot for visitors) will be relocated as part of the enlargement.

Director Windsor Chacey noted that the "primary purpose of the reservoir is water storage," and said that it was not the board's responsibility to create a fishery, which would be expected to involve additional expense. With myriad unresolved issues related to the expansion of Stevens Reservoir, the board determined creation of a fishery was not a priority. The approval of the wetlands mitigation plan, part of the requirement for the Section 404 permit, has also been delayed.

On the bright side, Greg Mayo, PAWS project manager, reported the Dutton Pipeline is "completed and intact." Final aspects of the project, such as reseeding, will be completed in the coming weeks, and water is expected to be flowing through the new 29,000 foot pipeline this week.

The PAWS office is expanding, with Hart Construction "waiting on a little bit of paperwork" before they can begin work possibly this week, according to Mayo.

After a discussion of the proposed 2006 budget, the board discussed a bond $6.4 million refunding/refinancing issue with Don Diones, of George K. Baum and Company, in order to gain at least $2.5 million of new money for 2006 for three major capital improvement projects.

Approximately $1.4 million will be required for the Hatcher Treatment plant, in order to upgrade the disinfection system to lower TTHMs and other disinfection by-products. Approximately $600,000 will be needed for the Stevens enlargement, and another $500,000 needed for new storage tanks. Currently, the treated water storage is equivalent to about a day's demand; the board would like to increase the storage capacity of treated water to be better prepared for emergencies.

Diones' initial proposal called for a 1 percent refinancing fee. Ever vigilant and thrifty Director Bob Huff said the resulting $65,000 fee for Dionis' firm seemed quite steep, and a good-natured bargaining session began, resulting in a unofficial agreement of a 0.85-percent financing fee, saving the district about $10,000. The board is expected to approve the bond refunding at the December meeting.

A moderate increase in treated water rates was outlined at the meeting, with a 25 cent increase from $6 minimum monthly rate per equivalent unit (E.U.) to $6.25, and a 10 cent across-the-board increase per 1000 gallons for each of the three tiers of use. Wastewater fees are also expected to increase from $17.50 to $18.

The board spent an hour discussing water service to three residences on Cameo Court, which experience low water pressure of about 30 psi with occasion drops below that. One plan estimated to cost approximately $25,000 outlined by Gene Tautges, assistant manager, involved rerouting water supplies from Hatcher, building a booster station, and installing pressure reducer valves for other parts of the system. Art Holloman, PAWS superintendent, discussed the complexities of the plan, and recommended a simpler solution of installing individual water pressure boosters in two of the residences (one user has one already installed), at a cost of only several hundred dollars each.

Huff felt that PAWS had a responsibility to provide a uniform high level of service, and with the added problem of a low-flow fire hydrant at the same location, was concerned about shared liability issues. Holloman noted that for areas with low flow hydrants, such as Cameo Court, Majestic Drive and some parts of Holiday Acres, the fire district implements tankers and a "porta-pond" to supply water for fighting fires. Steve Hartvigsen, board member, said that indirect water supply use (other than a hydrant) requires additional time, noting that the first 10 minutes of a house fire are most critical for fire fighters attempting to save a house.

A discussion of minimum standards followed. PAWS currently does not have a minimum water pressure standard. Holloman noted that "standard system pressure" was what was delivered to each lot, and providing the volume of water needed was the primary responsibility. Karen Wessels, board chairman, concurred: since users are required to install their own pressure reduction valves if the pressure is too high, users should also consider installing their own pressure booster if the pressure is too low. In the end, the discussion was tabled and the staff will make a recommendation next month.

Near the end of the meeting, a passionate discussion ensued regarding a $2,000 request to PAWSD for a cloud seeding program. In the request letter from Western Weather Consultants, manager Larry Hjermstad referenced a "White Paper" from Tom Ryan, of the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, on the current status of wintertime cloud seeding as a water augmentation tool for the Colorado River Basin.

Hartvigsen said he "felt we were being manipulated" to continue to provide water to the lower basin states, which continue to use more than their allocation specified by the 1922 Colorado River Compact. The lower basin states continued overuse would only strengthen their case, said Hartvigsen, when the allocation battle between the lower basin states and the upper basin states (of which Colorado is one) ensues. Wessels concurred, feeling the battle was "coming soon."

"Why should we pay for California's overuse," said Hartvigsen, who also discussed the fairness of extracting water on this side of the divide when there are valid needs for water on the other side of the divide. "Let it fall where it may," he said. Chacey felt the seeding could help fill the new reservoir, but in the end the board voted against contributing to the cloud seeding program.

In other matters of business discussed at the meeting, the board:

- approved the final version of the "Provision of Water Supply for Serving New Developments of Expanded Water Use Caused by New Development within Existing District Boundaries," which sets guidelines and recommendations for serving water demands within district boundaries.


Candidate Holtzman visits Pagosa Springs

James Robinson

Staff Writer

To Colorado voters, next November's gubernatorial election, may seem like a long way off, but for those running for the governor's seat, the gates are open, the race has begun and the candidates are out of the chutes.

In an early push to spread his message, Republican candidate, Marc Holtzman, paid a recent visit to southwestern Colorado and Pagosa Country.

Holtzman said visiting rural communities demonstrates his commitment, if he is elected as governor, to look beyond the Front Range and the cities of Denver and Colorado Springs.

Holtzman said part of extending his vision to rural Colorado, and the entire state, focuses on strengthening the state's economy by attracting small and medium sized businesses.

He said he admired New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson's model and approach to economic development and said, "Colorado's economic future depends on how many small and medium sized businesses we can attract here."

For rural Colorado in particular, Holtzman said, technology and electronic connectivity could play vital roles in the state's economic future.

Beyond the economy, Holtzman said education is his second key area of focus and concern. Holtzman said he supports the rights of parents to home school their children and school choice via the use of vouchers. He said competition could improve K-12 education and he advocated merit based pay for teachers and teacher testing.

As part of his education program, Holtzman said he would work to shift hundreds of millions of dollars out of bureaucracy and overhead and into teacher training, curriculum development and after school programs.

Lastly, Holtzman said, one of his primary goals as governor would be to preserve Coloradans' quality of life.

Holtzman said smart growth and managed growth were key facets in that mission, and he said infrastructure should be in place before growth occurs.

"If we get it wrong, we'll have a hard time ever recovering from lack of vision and mismanagement," Holtzman said.

In speaking about why he is running for governor, Holtzman said, "I know what attracted me here and I love this place with the passion of a convert. I'm running for governor because I love Colorado."

In 1998, Colorado Gov. Bill Owens appointed Holtzman to the post of secretary of technology, where Holtzman worked for nearly five years.

Following his tenure in the Owens administration, Holtzman worked for two and a half years as president of the University of Denver.

To date, other announced gubernatorial candidates include: Republican challenger, U.S. Rep. Bob Beauprez, and Democratic challenger, ex-Denver District Attorney Bill Ritter.


Geothermal heat topic at builders meeting

The benefits of geothermal heating will be presented at the meeting of the Builders Association of Pagosa Springs Friday, Nov. 16 at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse in the Vista subdivision.

Geothermal heating and cooling is in step with the times - and with the future. "Green" technologies, which work with the environment instead of against it, continue to gain momentum amid concerns over dwindling resources and pollution.

Geothermal technology is proven, reliable and safe. It significantly reduces energy usage and utility bills for homeowners and business owners. Hundreds of thousands of geothermal systems are saving money and protecting the environment across North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. There are several geothermal heating systems currently operating in the Pagosa Springs area. Please note that this technology is not dependant on the hot springs.

The presentation will be made by Monte Schmidt of Longmont, Colo. Schmidt is one of only two International Ground Source Heat Pump Association accredited trainers in Colorado. You can find more information on geothermal heating and cooling by visiting the nonprofit web site at

This meeting is open to the public but a reservation is required. Contact Michelle Huck at the Builders Association of Pagosa Springs at 731-3939 if you wish to attend the meeting.


Prevention, education key in dealing with meth

By Joanne Irons

Special to The SUN

A Methamphetamine Summit was hosted recently by the New Mexico Attorney General in Albuquerque.

Topics included perspectives and trends by the DEA and a presentation on meth effects on children and the environment by National Jewish Medical Center of Denver. Representatives of the Illinois State Police led a discussion on the methods and ingredients needed to operate a small meth lab.

Pagosa Springs resident Steve Wadley was invited to attend the summit and returned with information about the methamphetamine problem.

It is clear that the use of meth is a national problem. In addition to the human toll, meth is having an adverse impact on all levels of government budgets in the following ways :

1. Meth-labs are very expensive to dismantle and clean up.

2. Officials estimate that 60 percent of all meth-related arrests included child safety issues. Many of these children will need medical treatment, foster care and monitoring by Social Services.

3. Jails and prisons are mandated to provide medical and dental care for prisoners. While all drug addicts are at high risk for HIV and hepatitis, meth users are commonly afflicted with a dental problem known as "meth-mouth". Meth use causes a dry mouth which invites rapid tooth decay.

Meth is made from and with commonly available household items:

- Over-the-counter cough, cold, asthma, and allergy medicines containing pseudoephedrine or ephedrine.

- Acetone.

- Rubbing and isopropyl alcohols.

- Iodine.

- Starter fluid (ether).

- Gas additives (methanol).

- Drain cleaner (sulfuric acid).

- Lithium batteries.

- Rock salt.

- Matchbooks (red phosphorus).

- Lye.

- Paint thinner.

- Aluminum foil.

- Glassware.

- Coffee filters.

- Propane tanks.

Meth use has grown at an alarming rate because of its availability and price. The largest group of new meth users are women ages 17 to 42. The short-term effects of meth are euphoria, extreme nervousness, elevated pulse and temperature, sweating, insomnia, incessant talking, delusions, paranoia and violence.

Many states are now restricting the sale of medications containing pseudoephedrine the key ingredient in meth. Officials believe this will reduce the number of small meth-labs.

Admittedly this may not impact the accessibility of meth as the supply will be maintained through large "super-labs" or smuggled into the country. The elimination of small labs will be of benefit in two ways: First, it will reduce the clean up costs to local government; second, and most important, it will reduce the number of children who are exposed to the dangers of explosions and chemicals present at a meth lab.

Realtors, homebuyers and landlords should be aware of a growing trend of litigation surrounding the sale of property where clandestine meth labs have been in operation. These properties may be contaminated with dangerous chemicals. Who will pay for the clean up?

"The manufacture sale and use of methamphetamine is expensive to our society on so many levels. Most costly of all are the lives lost and children scared by abuse and neglect. The meth-induced nightmares of today extinguish the dreams of tomorrow." Wadley said.

The price, in time and money, of education and prevention is a bargain. For help or more information contact Joanne Irons, Mothers Against Meth, 946-7545.


CDOT response to C and D votes

By Stacey Stegman

Special to The SUN

"I feel very good that Colorado voters elected to pass Referendum C," said CDOT Executive Director Tom Norton. "Allowing the state to retain these revenues will allow the Legislature to balance the budget without having to use funding that would otherwise be dedicated to transportation.

"Colorado voters have spoken and I respect their decision," said Norton. "If it was a choice between Referenda C and D, the right choice was made. The passage of Referendum C has created an environment that will allow General Fund Revenue to flow again for transportation purposes. Still, that leaves Colorado with 55 projects that we can no longer guarantee will be built as quickly. With the input of local governments we will adjust our program and reprioritize projects in order to match available revenues.

"Governor Owens has said that he is committed to working with the Legislature to ensure that a significant amount of the $100 million dedicated to CDOT from Referendum D, will still go to transportation needs.

"The legislative intent of Referendum C," said Norton, "was to provide some funding for transportation. The bill states that the retained excess state revenues would be used to pay for education, health care, roads, bridges and other Strategic Transportation Projects, and retirement plans for firefighters and police officers. I trust that transportation funding will remain a top priority for the Legislature.

"When it referred Referendum D to the ballot for Colorado voters to approve, the Legislature dedicated $100 million a year for 55 transportation projects. While we won't be able to bond to accelerate those projects, it's my hope the Legislature will still honor at least that $100 million commitment for pay-as-you-go transportation projects," said Norton.

Next steps

The 55 statewide projects identified in Referendum D are now off the table as "a list." CDOT will have to reassess its current plan (2005-2010) and with the assistance and input of its planning partners, reevaluate all of the projects to determine the highest priorities.

The state Transportation Commission's top priority will be to:

- Maintain and preserve the safety and quality of our existing system.

- Provide the necessary state match in order to make the federally-earmarked projects whole.

- Fund other priorities as determined by the transportation planning process.

Transportation dilemma

Colorado's economic recession resulted in cuts to CDOT's construction budget of 30 percent - approximately $250 million a year or total loss of $1.2 billion since 2002.

If CDOT's Surface Treatment Program remains at current funding levels ($168 million per year), by 2030 Colorado's state highway system pavement condition rated as good/fair will go from 60 percent to 32 percent. Also, the number of lane miles with zero remaining service life will increase from 18 percent to 56 percent.

If CDOT's Bridge Program remains at current funding levels ($30 million per year), by 2030 the number of bridges rated as good/fair will go from 96 percent to 80 percent.

- There is a $275 million current backlog of 1.1 million square feet of bridges in poor condition that need to be replaced. $125 million is needed per year for the next 20 years to eliminate the backlog. $111 million is needed to sustain the program thereafter.

The Safety Program (traffic signals, signing, striping, shoulders, railroad crossings, rumble strips, etc.) is currently funded at $40 million annually. There is a backlog of $226.8 million in critical safety projects.

The number of people living in Colorado is projected to double and the percentage of congested lane miles will spike by 161 percent by 2030.

Transportation funding

Legislative Council's September 2005 Economic and Revenue Forecast, 2005-2011, states:

If Referendum C passes, the amount diverted to the Highway Users Tax Fund via the Senate Bill 97-001 diversion will increase relative to current law by $568.9 million over the forecast period.

Had Referenda D also passed, CDOT would have received SB 97-001 funding in the amount of $360 million as well as $1.2 billion in bond proceeds.

Bottom line

With Referendum C, estimates indicate that CDOT would receive SB 97-001 funding in the amount of:

- Office of State Planning and Budgeting - $360 million.

- Legislative Council - $828 million.

Without Referendum C, estimates indicate that CDOT would receive SB 97-001 funding in the amount of:

- Office of State Planning and Budgeting - $172.3 million.

- Legislative Council - $67.1 million.


High school FBLA chapter installs new officers

Pagosa Springs High School Future Business Leaders of America chapter members are prepared to "Unlock their Potential" (this year's theme) as they steer their way into the upcoming year.

The chapter currently has 68 paid members and more joining every day.

The first chapterwide activity was the annual retreat at the community center Oct. 20, in which members, officers and advisors spent the afternoon joining forces through a number of bonding activities.

The second activity for FBLA was the installation ceremony held Oct. 24 with keynote speaker Lisa Hudson, former FBLA advisor. District 8 vice president for Colorado, Bijah Gibson, attended the ceremony as the installing official.

Officers installed were Veronica Zeiler, president; Matt Nobles, vice president; Heather Andersen, secretary/treasurer; Jamilyn Harms, reporter; Kim Judd, historian; Claire Versaw, parliamentarian; and Emilie Schur, vice president of Peak Award.

In addition, the FBLA members involved in running the school store, the Treasure Chest, were recognized. They include Veronica Zeiler, Matt Nobles, Daniel Aupperle, Anna Hershey, Rosie Lee, Elise McDonald, Katie Vowles and Kyle Peterzen.

Advisors are Dorothy Christine and Nancy Esterbrook.

Earlier in the month, new officers and Treasure Chest managers attended the FBLA Fall Leadership Conference in Pueblo, bringing back valuable leadership skills to the Pagosa Springs chapter.

Upcoming FBLA events include district competition Feb. 7, the FBLA state leadership conference in Vail next spring, and the national leadership conference in Nashville, TN in June.

Members are looking forward to an exciting, educational, and fun-filled upcoming year in FBLA.



Forecast office open, avalanche awareness session set

The Colorado Avalanche Information Center's Wolf Creek Pass Avalanche Forecast Office has begun its 13th winter of operation.

Colorado Avalanche Information Center (CAIC) is a division of the Colorado Geologic Survey and the Wolf Creek Pass office is located in Pagosa Springs at the Colorado Department of Transportation maintenance facility.

The office is responsible for providing mountain weather forecasts and avalanche hazard assessments to CDOT maintenance crews on Wolf Creek (U.S. 160), Monarch (U.S. 50), and Cumbres and La Manga (Colo. 17) passes. This office, along with others in Silverton, Carbondale, and the Eisenhower Tunnel, cover all the Colorado mountain highways. The Avalanche Center's main office is located with the National Weather Service in Boulder.

Local avalanche forecaster Mark Mueller begins his 29th winter of avalanche forecasting and control. Groups or individuals interested in avalanche safety or any other snow or avalanche related matters can contact the Wolf Creek Pass avalanche office at 264-4826.

The Colorado Avalanche Information Center will provide a daily statewide mountain weather and avalanche hazard forecast for interested backcountry winter travelers beginning Nov. 11. The CAIC hotline for the San Juan Mountains is located in Durango and can be reached at 247-8187. Daily forecasts and additional information can be found on the Avalanche Center's Web site,

A day spent in the mountains in winter should start with a call to the center's avalanche hotline or Web site.

A community avalanche awareness session is scheduled 7-9 p.m. Friday, Nov. 18, at the Pagosa Springs Community Center on Hot Springs Boulevard. The talk is free and will cover basic avalanche safety information. All interested winter backcountry travelers are encouraged to attend.

Call 264-4826 for more information.

Possible prescribed burning on Pagosa Ranger District

Conditions permitting, fire managers from the Pagosa Ranger District may conduct a prescribed burn today in two units in the Turkey Springs area, about 10.5 miles northwest of Pagosa Springs.

Plans are to burn between 75-150 acres.

One of the areas to be burned was treated two years ago with a hydromower to reduce the hazardous fuels. The prescribed burn will remove the small material remaining on the ground. In the second area, the burn will help reduce the build-up of hazardous fuels.

Smoke will be visible from the Pagosa Lakes area. For the safety of Forest visitors, there may be temporary travel restrictions on the Turkey Springs Road while the fire is actively burning.

For more information, contact the Pagosa Ranger District Office at 264-2268.


Catch and Release

Intruders find that special place

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

Fly fishermen are a strange and secretive breed. We are prone to bizarre ritual, often believe in myth and we keep our tactics and techniques to ourselves or share them only with a few select friends.

For example, we might tie a particular knot with a certain amount of loops or turns, grease a leader just so, or trim or tie a fly with a subtle but distinctly individual tweak. We do these things not necessarily because they're proven, but because we've deemed them lucky and because they feel right.

Some of us might fish with a lucky rock stashed in our vest, or have that one fly from an unforgettable trip hooked to our hat.

We might expound the virtues of a particular brand of fly line or leader, but often, our choices or actions are based more on mojo than on science.

Over time, or a few drinks, fishermen will speak of their idiosyncracies, but nothing is guaranteed to keep a fisherman more tight lipped than a discussion of their secret haunts.

All of us have places that we fish so often, we think of them as our own. We have spent countless days wading or walking these streams and we have learned every curve, every cutback and every eddy. Experience has taught us where the solid fish lie.

Days of hard fishing leave our sweat and blood flowing in the river and soon its waters flow through our veins. The river has become part of us, and we, a part of the river.

Over time, tendrils of thought intermingle with tendrils of river current, each in their own way, sculpted and forever changed by the relentless passage of water moving over river-polished stone. Eventually, the collective memories of river and fisherman merge and stories are forged by a realm of free-flowing water and by battles in the current between trout and men. The tales are punctuated by moments of peace and solitude whose marks are left indelibly on the soul.

To speak of these places to just anyone would be sacrilege. For if the fisherman does not guard his words, that one stream, that sacred ground, could become trammeled and spoiled by the passage of countless fishermen and unimaginable fishing pressure. We all have these streams and I have my own.

I woke early, far earlier than normal, and peered out the bedroom window from deep beneath the warm, billowy folds of a goose down comforter.

Clear skies promised sun, but the pre-dawn light had that razor-like quality that spelled nothing but cold. I contemplated staying wrapped in my feathery cocoon, but in an instant, lethargy transformed into action, and I threw off the covers and was out of bed. Something peculiar had spurred me into action. Perhaps it was the hope of trout or perhaps the anticipation of a mild, early winter day spent outdoors. Whatever the case, my mental clarity, for that hour, was unprecedented and within minutes I was dressed, had hot coffee in hand and was crunching across a meadow heavy with frost on my way to the river.

I slipped silently through a dawn bathed in violet, radiant light. In between sips of coffee, I scanned the area for elk and deer then paused and glanced over my shoulder. The sun had not yet broken over the hills to the east, and in the stillness before sunrise, the river valley felt poised for something brilliant. I listened. There was only silence broken by the faint hiss of the river and I moved toward its sound.

I left the meadow, entered a willow grove, and climbed a steep hill, ducking under leafless branches, stepping over rocks and sloshing coffee over my hands. The heat of the liquid felt good on my skin, and I pushed for the top. The crest would put me directly above my favorite run and from there, I could survey the river and gauge the prospects for trout.

Head down, coffee held high, I took the last few steps, made the crest and peered down to the river below. And there, in my run, in the holiest of holy waters, two old-timers worked the run with the grace and deft precision of seasoned professionals - intruders.

One spotted while the other fished, and they scanned the river methodically, eyes boring deep below the surface. They had the uncanny ability to zero in on prime holding water and their attention was fixed on the deep stretch of river directly below me, where I knew, and they knew, the big trout lay.

What had happened? I hadn't spoke about this stretch to anyone except my father and he was more than 1,000 miles away. And if these two knew, there would certainly be more to come.

Resignation took hold, followed by awe, and I hunkered down in the brush and watched the fishermen, two beautiful bald eagles, work the stream. If I had to share my river, all the better to share it with magnificent birds of prey.

They had picked a bare willow on the river's edge as their perch, and although I was across the river, I could gauge the intensity of their eyes on the hunt.

I moved again, just inches closer, and it was too much. I had trammeled on their fishing spot and with great audible slashes of their powerful wings, they lifted and vanished into the dawn.


Supports project

Dear Editor:

I am writing in support of the San Juan River Restoration Project. I'm glad that the river committee has chosen a team with over twenty years of experience, and that public meetings will be held as part of the three-phase project. I like to feel that if I had an idea to input, that I would have an opportunity to do so. I feel that the San Juan River is an important part of Pagosa Springs. I love the Riverwalk, I always take out-of-town visitors there. The only objective listed on the Web site that doesn't mean anything to me is the one about increasing fishing days as I am a vegetarian, and don't fish. Other than that I think the objectives are excellent. My hope is that locals will educate themselves enough to know whether or not they support the project and then make their support, objections or other input known.

Alilia M. Blodgett

Can do, will do

Dear Editor:

I have been a resident of Pagosa Springs for a few years now and this is the most wonderful place I have ever lived. Prior to moving here I have lived in communities that have been very active improving upon the town structure not only to become more modern, but also to further preserve the history of the town.

When I first moved here I saw Pagosa Springs as being a town that is rich in history and having so much potential for growth. Walking along the river, with the project at hand I think about the efforts our town leaders and planners have, and are continuing to put forth makes me proud to be a Pagosan.

My background includes education and work experience in the fields of construction and real estate. I know what is involved in any project planning and know that there are many more hurdles throughout a project that overshadows visual successes and advances. Most importantly, a "can do" and "will do" attitude is not only needed, but required to remain motivated with a positive attitude especially under scrutiny of non-supporters and of those who fear change.

Please allow me a moment to extend my appreciation and support of all their planners and their efforts to date and their continued efforts in the weeks, months, and years to come. This our future they are building. Pagosa Springs is the most beautiful place I've every laid eyes upon and continued efforts will make Pagosa Springs a spectacular place for both residents and visitors alike.

Matthew E. Coats

 Loss of pet

Dear Editor:

This letter is to inform all pet lovers of the events surrounding the loss of my toy poodle, Alex. It has now been six long weeks since Alex has passed on to a better life. My heart still aches, but if I let it, time heals all wounds.

My little "escapee" gave us the slip late on the night of Sept. 29. Figuring he was hurt and couldn't get home, we searched in alleys, went from house to house, and trekked the hills to find Alex. I even placed an ad in the newspaper.

On Tuesday, Oct. 18, Jim Miller from Parks and Recreation called with some bad news. According to Jim, Alex had been hit by a car. The inconsiderate driver, who, to this day, knowingly hit Alex with his/her vehicle, did not even have the audacity to move him from the road. He/she left Alex lying in the road to be repeatedly hit by other vehicles. It was impossible for Jim to identify the breed or color of the dog.

I can only assume that the driver who hit Alex left the scene of the accident in a hurry, not caring to check to see if he was injured or dead. The only thing left to identify Alex was his blue flea collar. Jim spared me the agony of having to identify Alex by burying him. He even cleaned Alex's collar and sealed it in an envelope. Jim then left on vacation. It wasn't until he saw my ad in the newspaper that he realized Alex was the dog that he had buried.

Last weekend, I cleaned Alex's things out of the house. My daughter identified Alex's collar, resealed the envelope. My son put his things in the shed.

I harbor no ill will toward the driver who hit and killed Alex. As Alex's death continues to haunt me, it will do so to the driver. I take refuge in the fact that if the driver is a pet lover and a pet owner, that he/she will never have to endure what I have had to endure. I hope he/she never has to come home to an empty house longing for his/her companion. Pets are the "soul" of the family, and they are all truly man's best friend; theirs is the only love that is truly unconditional.

No matter how ugly the truth, I now know what happened to my Alex. I know Alex was coming home. Alex was just six weeks old when my husband, Baltazar, and I bought him for our children, Jeremy and Angela, as an Easter gift. Alex spent all 13 years of his life bringing us a lot of joy. He had a good life with us, and we had a good life because of him. I look forward to the day when my time comes that Alex will greet me in heaven and rest his head on my lap again.

Maria Martinez-Gallegos

 Romantics for Ricky

Dear Editor:

It doesn't take much to invoke the passions of our "conquer and divide" activists in Pagosa Springs, this writer not excluded. As such, I am calling upon all Pagosans to action. A cease fire across party lines to come together as a community in the name of love, family and freedom! Specifically, I'm bringing attention to a recent fight for freedom in our community. One that has been overshadowed by Referenda C and D, questions of commissioner competence and the sink holes in our roadways.

A few weeks ago, The SUN published an article by Leanne Goebel, "Swan Song," describing the uncertain future of our resident "feathered freedom fighters," Ricky and Lucy Swan. Who among us can cast a blind eye upon their plight - a bureaucratic quagmire that threatens their family's ability to remain free flying members of society. One cannot dismiss the symbolic connection of our fledgling swan community, and our human convictions to preserve love, family, and freedom locally, nationally, and globally. The Swan Family's plight personifies the inherent struggles we all face, completely identifying the burdensome infractions on family values across secular and genus lines through incompetence, insensitivity, and two-dimensional reasoning power to solve problems. Regardless of Ricky's circumstances from where he came or why, he found his way to Pagosa. He's here, happy, in love, and is procreating prolifically to our delight and enjoyment.

As a community united, let's embrace the mystery of life and love. I am calling upon our passionate Pagosans today! All those hopeless romantics, parents, intellectuals, disenfranchised, and even Mr. Bozek and Mr. Sawicki, to stand together for the quality of family values and natural law. Liberate Ricky and give his offspring "roots and wings" in the name of love, family values and freedom. How can we do this? Simple. If each of us forgoes one "latte for love" between now and Valentine's Day, we can pledge the savings to pay Ricky's impending $15,000 fine, which threatens this family's future. Ricky is an alien swan with no record of lineage with state and federal authorities. He is a fugitive endangered species, and comes with a hefty bounty on his beak against anyone providing safe haven on their premises. Ricky is currently being investigated by authorities. No weapons of mass destruction have been found among the Swan family members, so we can all be confident they are not terrorist plants. Folks, let's send a message to authorities: "Pagosans believe in love."

No initiative exists for spearheading this campaign. As such, I am actively calling upon the Swan Song's writer, and owners of the Pagosa Lodge to create an ad-hoc resource, a "Romantics for Ricky" campaign, coordinated with the appropriate state wildlife authorities, to ensure natural citizenship and freedom for our Pagosa swans. If nothing more, Pagosans are a passionate group. Let's all reduce the amount of starch we've been using in our bunched-up bloomers lately, and make a difference together in the name of love, family and freedom. Romantics for Ricky unite!

Anita Sherman Hughes

 Likes writers

Dear Editor:

It is my feeling that you have three of the best writers I have ever read in James Robinson, John Middendorf and Chuck McGuire. They all write about the outdoors, but from completely different perspectives.

Chuck McGuire's articles regarding the whirling disease debacle were right on, as well as his articles concerning the mountain lion.

John writes about his wonderful hiking experiences.

But James Robinson's Catch and Release article in the October 27 SUN was just glorious.

Thank you all!

Cindy Gustafson

 Cell phone use

Dear Editor:

The Pagosa SUN had a wonderful article the week of Oct. 27 on cell phone users.

I am suggesting our town council consider how dangerous a driver is when using a cell phone and make reference to the above article, noting a hands-free type of phone is not the answer.

Many years ago, when cell phones were in the beginning of usage in autos, I remember almost being hit by a user who ran a red light.

Where have we come since then? Not very far.

I give thanks to Santa Fe, where it is unlawful to drive and use a cell phone.

I ask the town council to enforce pulling over to use one's cell phone.

In reality, this is a national issue.

Pam Morrow

 Recall effort

Dear Editor:

Now that the recall effort is over, I have no doubt that those who opposed it are pleased and relieved, and that those who supported it and worked on it are disappointed, and, no doubt in some cases, disheartened.

But, while I was one who helped the recall effort virtually from the beginning, I'm far from disheartened. During the sixty day period allowed for signatures to be gathered, the enthusiasm and sense of "empowerment," for lack of a better term, along with increasing awareness and sense of community, that I witnessed among so many Archuleta County citizens was incredibly uplifting and gratifying. During that time period, I experienced talking with people who, early on, would respond with cynical comments like, "Well, I really don't know what's going on, and I figure a recall won't work anyway, so I'm not interested in signing." But, as the weeks passed, many of these same citizens seemed to make that effort to become informed, and to seek out petition circulators to add their signatures.

Because last November's voter turnout was unprecedentedly huge, the law required that we collect a huge number of signatures to succeed in a recall. But the originators of the petition effort willingly took on the daunting task, because they were so committed to trying to improve our government. The number of citizens who enthusiastically joined in that effort snowballed in the last few weeks. Even though we always knew we might not make the deadline in time, that possibility never deterred anyone from just working harder. It's been great to see, and I feel honored to have been able to work with so many committed individuals.

I especially want to express gratitude to all those who were courageous enough to sign the petition even though they deeply feared retribution if we fell short on signatures in the end and their signatures were reviewed by the subject of the recall. Thank you for believing we'd keep our promise not to turn in any signatures.

The other benefit of not having turned in any signatures is that we've preserved the right to attempt another recall effort if voters deem it appropriate. At the grocery store last night, I ran into one signer of the petition who asked me what the outcome was. When I told her we'd fallen short of the 1,374 signatures we needed, she responded in the most upbeat, cheerful voice when she said, "Well, let me know whenever I need to sign again!" Hearing that positive attitude was, as they say, its own reward.

Nan Rowe

 Special day

Dear Editor:

Once again, it's a special day in America - a day to remember our heroes.

Some veterans bear visible signs of their service - a missing limb, a jagged scar, a certain look in the eye. Others may carry the evidence inside them - a pin holding a bone together, a piece of shrapnel in the leg, or perhaps another sort of inner steel, the soul's ally forged in the refinery of adversity.

Except in parades, however, the men and women who have kept America safe wear no badge or emblem. You cannot tell a vet just by looking, so, what is a vet?

He is the cop on the beat who spent six months in Saudi Arabia sweating two gallons a day making sure the armored personnel carriers didn't run out of fuel.

He is the barroom loudmouth, dumber than five wooden planks, whose overgrown frat-boy behavior is outweighed a hundred times in the cosmic scales by four hours of exquisite bravery near the 38th parallel.

She or he is the nurse who fought against futility and went to bed sobbing every night for two solid years in DaNang.

He is the POW who went away one person and came back another - or didn't come back at all.

He is the Quantico drill instructor that has never seen combat but has saved countless lives by turning slouchy, no-account rednecks and gang members into Marines and teaching them to watch each other's backs.

He is the parade-riding Legionnaire who pins on his ribbons and medals with a prosthetic hand who believes the greatest glory of a free people is to transmit that freedom to their children.

He is the three anonymous heroes in The Tomb Of The Unknowns whose presence at the Arlington National Cemetery must forever preserve the memory of all the anonymous heroes whose valor is unrecognized with them on the battlefield or in the ocean's sunless deep.

He is the old guy bagging groceries at the supermarket - palsied now and aggravatingly slow - who helped liberate a Nazi death camp and who wishes all day long that his wife were still alive to hold him when the nightmares come.

He is an ordinary and yet an extraordinary human being - a person who offered some of his life's most vital years in the service of his country and who sacrificed his ambitions so others would not have to sacrifice theirs.

He is a soldier and a savior and a sword against the darkness and he is nothing more than the finest, greatest testimony on behalf of the finest, greatest nation ever known.

So remember, each time you see someone who has served our country, just lean over and say, "Thank you." That's all most veterans need and in most cases, it will mean more than any medals they could have been awarded or were awarded. Two little words that mean a lot: Thank you.

Jim Sawicki

 Both sides

Dear Editor:

I am so looking forward to the parade July 4, 2006, aren't you? Can you imagine the political additions to the parade? Think we should have a tailgate party that day and call it the "suffering bowl" in Archuleta County. Who wants to referee?

There is a sense of rage I have not heard before in Pagosa Country as people ramp it up a notch or two in their letters.

How can we teach our children to take a look at both sides of any view when only the rage shows?

What? A no spin zone! What an idea for a parade theme! Maybe O'Reilly would like to come and referee? Bill, wear shin guards because it is getting ugly on the field.

Janet Valdez

 Final word

Dear Editor:

I give up. There is no point in debating with someone who characterized the thoughtfully prepared report of the Fort Collins Fluoride Technical Study Group (FTSG) as a joke, and then makes the statement, "All of the Indian reservations in the U. S. are fluoridated and the people there have been documented to have some of the worst dental problems." Any thoughtful person can suggest several reasons unrelated to fluoride for the disparate dental problems of Native Americans, if in fact they exist. Although many studies have shown that topically applied and ingested fluoride both reduce the incidence of cavities, no one has ever claimed that fluoride completely prevents cavities. Some of those studies are summarized on pages 103 through 107 of the FTSG report.

Fluoride opponents have told us repeatedly that fluoride accumulates in the body and causes all kinds of horrible diseases. While that is a given for opponents who cite only papers which support their preconceived notions, results from other studies, which opponents invariably ignore, do not support that conclusion. A careful evaluation of all of the data, such as the one performed by the FTSG, leads to the conclusion that ingestion of fluoride at recommended levels does not adversely affect one's health.

A favorite argument of fluoride opponents is that adding fluoride to public drinking water is unethical and possibly illegal because it represents unlicensed practice of medicine. I would suggest that fluoridation of public water is no different from the addition of chlorine to drinking water to kill pathogens, the addition of vitamin D to milk to prevent rickets, and the addition of iodine to table salt to prevent goiter. All three practices, which have been widely used in this country for more than half a century, have been well received by Americans, because they prevent disease. Moreover, since I have not advocated in any of my letters that PAWSD resume fluoridating our water, that argument is not relevant to our discussion. I only suggested that parents should consider having their children use a fluoride mouthrinse, after discussing the matter with their dentists. Why that reasonable suggestion causes the opponents of fluoridation so much angst is beyond me.

Gene Wissler


Community News

Russ Hill Memorial Bazaar set for another year

By Lori Moseley

Special to The PREVIEW

The 42nd Annual Russ Hill Memorial Bazaar opens Monday, Nov. 14.

For the following three weeks, the church will be transformed into a colorful workshop.

The proceeds from this bazaar make it possible for the church Supper Fellowship group to support the ministry in the church and the community. Last year, over 750 wreaths and 175 table arrangements were made, netting a five-figure profit. Originally, the purpose of the bazaar was to raise funds for the needs of the church. However, in recent years, as the name of our church indicates, the Community United Methodist Church has contributed over 50 percent of its profits from the bazaar to over a dozen nonprofit organizations in our town.

Between 40 to 50 workers will gather daily from Nov. 14 to Dec. 2 to make these beautiful holiday decorations. Volunteers from the community are welcome to come and work - we can always use more creative elves.

Hours are 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Monday through Friday, and 9 a.m.-noon Saturday. Also, we will be open Tuesday evenings Nov. 15 and 22 from 6-8 p.m. The prices for basic wreaths of pinecones and red velvet bows are $19 (8-inch inside width) and $27 (14-inch inside width). Table arrangements begin at $15.

Come visit our halls, decked out with lovely wreaths and beautiful arrangements. Deadline for wreath orders is Friday, Nov. 25. A maximum 750 wreaths will be made, so get your order in early.


Boosters to present 'A Christmas Carol'

By Dale Morris

Special to The PREVIEW

Music Boosters is proud to present Pagosa's encore presentation of "A Christmas Carol," a musical adaptation by Michael Demaio.

Our original performance of this timeless classic played three years ago, the first of several holiday shows produced as part of the establishment of a rotation of our favorites. We are excited to offer Pagosa a tradition that will endure for many holidays to come.

Our cast has been in rehearsal for more than five weeks, perfecting their vocals of original songs, brushing up on the latest dance styles in "Londontown" and reading dialogue in their best British accents.

Cast members range in age from 8 years old into the 60s, with experience levels of both novice actors and seasoned pros. A partial list of performers includes Dave Armbrecht, David Smith, Matt DeWinter, Darran Garcia, Darcy Downing, Honor Nash-Putnam, Matt DeWinter, Michael Spitler, Veronica Zeiler, Anna Hershey, Katie Erickson, Michael DeWinter, Lynette Ervin, Leslie Turner-Baughman, Sierra Hewett, Ami Harbison, Satara Arthoud, Johannah Laverty, Don Weller, Lue Armbrecht, Shanti Johnson, Becca Stephens, Ben Miller, Joe Nanus, Candy Flaming, Natalia Clark, Lindsay Abbott, Jordyn Scott and Michael Spitler.

Production staff for "A Christmas Carol" includes director Michael DeWinter; musical directors Melinda Baum and Lisa Hartley; orchestra conductor Lisa Hartley; choreographer Dale Morris; assistant choreographer Candy Flaming; rehearsal pianist and vocals coach Kathy Isberg; production assistant Shawna Carosello.

"A Christmas Carol" will be presented Dec. 1, 2 and 3 at 7:30 p.m., with a matinee performance Dec. 3 at 2 p.m. All shows will be held at the Pagosa Springs High School Auditorium.

Tickets are available at the Plaid Pony (731 5262) or at the door. Advance purchases are recommended.


Novelists to attend Pagosa book signing

The authors of a newly-released novel with thematic ties to Pagosa Country will be at Moonlight Books Nov. 15 for a book signing.

W. Michael Gear and Kathleen O'Neal Gear will be at the bookstore to sign copies of their novel "People of the Moon," beginning at 7 p.m.

Driven by the question of what happened to the native people of the American Southwest in 1150 A.D. and its relation to contemporary society, the authors produced this latest installment in their First North American series, dealing with the people of what is now northwest New Mexico and southwestern Colorado - the builders of the site at Chimney Rock.

Kathleen O'Neal Gear is a former state historian and archaeologist for Wyoming, Kansas and Nebraska, for the U.S. Department of the Interior. She has twice received the U.S. government's Special Advancement Award for outstanding management of the nation's cultural heritage.

W. Michael Gear holds a master's degree in archaeology and has worked as an archaeologist since 1978. He is currently principal investigator for Wind River Archaeological Consultants.


Renaissance Family Night at elementary school

Pagosa Springs Elementary School will host a Scholastic Book Fair through Nov. 17 during school hours in Room 4.

Families, teachers and the community are invited to attend the fair, which will feature a special medieval theme: Enter the Kingdom of Reading - Where Books Rule!

The book fair will offer specially priced books and educational products, including newly released titles, award-winning titles, children's classics, interactive software, adult books and current bestsellers from more than 150 publishers. There are products for all age ranges and many excellent gift ideas.

Proceeds from book fairs are used to purchase books for the school library and classrooms, software for reading achievement programs, and help fund many other improvements and purchase necessary supplies for the school.

Those attending the event can also help the school build individual classroom libraries by purchasing books for teachers through the Classroom Wish List Program which is highlighted at the book fair.

Today, Nov. 10, from 5:30 - 8 p.m. the Partners In Education Committee will host a special Renaissance Family Night event with crafts, games, dinner, pictures, shopping at the Book Fair, and a special story time. Costumes are encouraged but not required. This event is being chaired by Jennifer Pitcher and many other volunteers.


Oteka Bernard to sing at Pagosa Song Fest

By Paul Roberts

Special to The PREVIEW

"Music is unifying," says Oteka Bernard. "There is a bond and sharing that happens through music, no matter what language you speak or what philosophies you believe in."

Bernard is a professional performer who will share her talents at Pagosa Song Fest 7 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 19, at Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.

Joining Bernard will be John Graves, June Marquez, Pamela Novack, Sue Anderson, Kathy Isberg, Jeannie Dold, Jordyn Morelock, Johanna Patterson, Susie Long, Judy Patton, Paul and Carla Roberts, Sharman Alto and David Snyder, and Harvey Schwartz.

Also appearing will be the Pagosa Springs Jazz Ensemble, which includes Larry Elginer, Bill Norton, Barbara Witkowski, Suzy Bruce, Pam Spitler, Kimberly Judd, Joe Davis, Gary Cheadle, Don Weller, Morgan Anderson, Janna Voorhis and Shirley McGee.

Oteka Bernard was raised in the small town of Shawnee, Okla., where her father directed musical theater. From third grade through high school, she was a regular performer in her father's productions. Performing in summer stock throughout her college years, she earned a bachelor's degree in music theater. After graduation she performed professionally for many years, throughout the US.

Bernard is eloquent when she speaks of music. "Music can reach a place in people that's healing," she says. "There are things that can be communicated through sound that don't have to pass through the intellect. They don't have to make sense. You can get through to that place where truth lives within a person, without having to work against beliefs or structures."

Whether on stage or off, Bernard exudes creative expression. "I went to Ireland last week," she said, "and one of my most treasured memories was standing in the pouring rain, in the middle of these magnificent trees, and I was singing at the top of my lungs."

Bernard's career began in the middle of the U.S. - Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas. Then she performed on the East Coast in Virginia and North Carolina. Later she went to the West Coast where she performed in theaters in California and Oregon. She met her husband, Jon, also an actor, in a show in which both performed.

Besides being a superb singer, Bernard is a gifted dancer, actress and director. With a dedication to community theater that goes back to her early childhood, she intends to continue performing and directing theatrical productions now that she lives in Pagosa. She has already performed in several productions since moving here three years ago.

What better way to usher in the spirit of Thanksgiving than upon the wings of song? Please join us for Pagosa Song Fest. Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse is located at 230 Port Ave. in the Vista subdivision of Pagosa Lakes. Take U.S. 160 to Vista Blvd. Turn north on Vista then left on Port.

Tickets for Pagosa Song Fest are $8 for adults, $7 for seniors and $5 for children under 18, and will be available at the door. Please bring a dessert to share, if you wish.

Pagosa Song Fest is produced by Elation Center for the Arts.


Artists' Invitational and Open Juried Exhibition

SHY RABBIT is proud to host its inaugural "Artists' Invitational and Open Juried Exhibition," Nov. 19 through Dec. 17, on display in the Showroom and the Space @ SHY RABBIT.

An Opening Reception will be held 5-9 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 19.

This ambitious exhibition highlights the work of four remarkable Invitational artists, together with juried entries from 15 uniquely talented emerging artists. The juried portion of this show is the product of a call to artists that went out in October, which resulted in the receipt of nearly 80 entries from 24 artists residing in Pagosa, Durango, Salida and elsewhere.

After careful review by a jury committee, several works by 15 artists were accepted for inclusion in the show. The committee would like to thank all of the talented artists who submitted their work for consideration, and also acknowledge their valuable contribution to the creative process.

Featured in the SHY RABBIT Showroom will be the work of acclaimed photographer, Emilio Mercado, whose work is inspired by master still life painter, Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin, b. 1699. Mercado's light painted photographs capture objects in their purest form.

Additional invited artists are contemporary painter Sarah Comerford, known for her thought provoking large scale oil and gold-leaf paintings; mixed-media artist Susan Andersen (MarSan), recognized locally and internationally for her fine assemblage art; and installation artist Shan Wells, known most recently for his impressive "Moments Project," located on the sidewalks of Durango.

An artists' round table will follow on Sunday, Nov. 20, from 1-4 p.m. Featured speaker will be Durango artist and instructor Shan Wells. All are welcome.

SHY RABBIT is located at 333 Bastille Drive, B-1 and B-4, Pagosa Springs, CO, 81147. For additional information, call 731-2766, or e-mail


Adventure in Faith registration deadline nears

By Denise Rue-Pastin

Special to The PREVIEW

Are you stuck in a rut&emdash;doing the same thing over and over again?

How can you expect a different outcome when you keep walking the same path?

Here's your opportunity to do something new: a six session Adventure in Faith Program. This is your chance to reflect, make conscious changes and go forward in life.

The program moves participants into the holiday season with renewed hope and a plan for a brighter future. Adventure in Faith is an opportunity to follow your dreams in the supportive atmosphere of friends.

Class size is limited; registration deadline is Monday, Nov. 14. Cost is $6.

Classes will be held in Pagosa Springsat 6:30 pm every other Thursday, Nov 17-Jan. 26. The program is ponsored by the Four Corners Center for Spiritual Living in Bayfield.

Everyone is welcome.


Teen Center has reopened

By Jennifer Stockbridge

Special to The PREVIEW

The Pagosa Springs Teen Center has reopened. Hours are Monday-Thursday 4-8 p.m., Friday 2-8 p.m. and Saturday 11 a.m.-4 p.m. All Pagosa Springs youth ages 12-19 are welcome.

The Teen Center is located in the Community Center at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. There is a calendar of events on the Teen Center Web site, www.townofpagosasprings. com/teencenter.

The Teen Center has a lounge with comfy sofas, board games, TV/VCR/DVD and computers with internet access. The Teen Center game room will soon be equipped with two new coin operated pool tables and two electronic dart boards. The game room also has ping pong and foosball.

As Center coordinator, I need your input and participation. I'll be visiting the schools to listen to students' ideas for the Teen Center's programs and future events. Visit the Teen Center, take a look around and let's talk.

A Mystery Dinner, the Teen Center's first event, will be held at the community center Monday, Nov. 21, at 5:30 p.m. Choose your four-course meal from an incomprehensible menu and see what you get. Bring your sense of adventure and one canned good (such as soup or beans) for the Pagosa Springs Food Bank.

The Teen Center also needs adult volunteers for operations, fund-raising, and special programs and classes. If you have a special skill you'd like to share with Pagosa's teens, call Jen at 264-4152, Ext.31 or e-mail pagosateencenter


Regional honor choir in concert tonight

By Chris Aaland

Special to The PREVIEW

The Fort Lewis College Choirs present the ninth annual High School Honor Choir program at 5:30 p.m. today, Nov. 10, in the Community Concert Hall. Admission is free.

The High School Honor Choir features 121 selected singers from six regional high schools - Pagosa Springs, Aztec, Bloomfield, Durango, Montezuma-Cortez and Piedra Vista - along with the Fort Lewis College Choirs.

"The performance will feature the college choirs singing music of many periods and styles," said Professor of Music Linda Mack, who will conduct the high school students. "The high school honor choir will perform music by Mozart as well as sing in Hebrew as well as music based on a South Indian raga."

In addition to the performance, the high school students will also participate in rehearsals, clinics, recitals and workshops throughout the day.

For more information, contact Linda Mack at 247-7251

'Prints' show through Saturday at SHY RABBIT

SHY RABBIT will continue to show "Prints," works by Ron Fundingsland through Saturday, Nov. 11.

The space will be open Saturday. Private viewings are also available upon request. Call 731-2766 for additional information or to make an appointment.

Born in Burlington, Colo., in 1947, and currently residing in Bayfield, Fundingsland has exhibited work in Taiwan, Korea, Norway, Poland, Germany, Czech Republic and Brazil. He has participated in numerous national print exhibitions in the U.S. where he received a number of prestigious awards. His work is included in several major art museums including the Denver Art Museum, Seattle Art Museum, Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, Museum of Fine Arts in Santa Fe, and the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City.

The SHY RABBIT Studio is located at 333 Bastille Drive, B-1.


Har Shalom schedule for November, December

Following is the schedule at Congregation Har Shalom for November and December.

Friday, Nov. 11 - musical Shabbat, with Jan Courte

Saturday, Nov. 12 - "Renewal Style," and Judith Vanderryn's Bat Mitzvah, led by Jan Courte at Har Shalom. Kiddush and potluck luncheon to follow. RSVP by Oct. 14 at 247-3292 or at

Sunday, Nov. 13 - Study session and Torah study, led by Jan Courte, 10 a.m.-noon.

Friday, Nov. 18 - Potluck dinner and family Shabbat with Consecration, led by Jesse Hutt, 6 p.m.

Friday, Dec. 9 - Family Shabbat, 6-6:30 p.m., followed by potluck.

Friday, Dec. 9 - Adult Shabbat service, 7:30 p.m.

Saturday, Dec. 10 - Judaism 180

Saturday, Dec. 10 - Havdallah, 7 p.m.

Sunday, Dec. 11 - Annual meeting, 10 a.m.-noon.


Community center dance a hit

By Siri Schuchardt

Special to The PREVIEW

The first Community Center Fall Fling dance Oct. 18 was a huge success. Even with competition from the football game against Ignacio, other school events and hunting season, 47 people danced the night away to the music provided by DJ Bobby Hart.

At only $5 admission and BYOB (soft drinks, coffee and snack mix were provided), the dance was a bargain. A wide variety of music was played, and there were many times when the dance floor was packed and the tables were virtually empty.

In response to repeated calls for the dance to be a regular event, the community center is happy to announce that community dances will be held the third Friday of each month, barring any conflicts with other events. As the dances are BYOB, those attending must be 21 or over.

The next dance will be Nov. 18 from 7:30 to 10:30 p.m. at the community center, 451 Hot Springs Blvd., with music provided by our next DJ in rotation, Will Spears.

Advance purchase tickets and table reservations are available at the community center. Call Mercy at 264-4152 or Siri, 731-9670, for more information.


Call for entries in found object show

SHY RABBIT invites all interested parties to participate in "Primarily Found Objects," an open group show, Feb. 18 through March 15, 2006.

Opening reception is 5-9 p.m Saturday, Feb. 18.

This is a non-juried exhibition open to anyone wishing to express themselves creatively using a minimum of 60-percent found objects and incorporating at least one of the three primary colors. This show is not theme restricted, but works must be tasteful and appropriate for gallery display. Participants are encouraged to explore their creativity by assembling found objects into unique and interesting art forms, and are also encouraged to stretch the boundaries of the definition of "found objects."

Space will be limited. Displays will vary in size, and will be designated on a first-come, first-served basis. Participants may choose from available floor, wall, shelf or pedestal displays.

Cost to participate is $20. SHY RABBIT will retain 30-percent commission of sale price. The Showroom and the Space @ SHY RABBIT will be open regular weekend hours following the opening reception. Awards will be given to two participants creating the most compelling and unusual works using found objects, and they will also receive free passes to upcoming January 2006 workshops.

To find out more about this unique group show, please attend the artists' round table at SHY RABBIT 1-4 p.m. Sunday, Nov. 20. Application forms and space designations will be available at that time.

SHY RABBIT is located at 333 Bastille Drive, B-1 and B-4, Pagosa Springs, CO, 81147. For additional information, call 731-2766, or e-mail


Operation Christmas Child

begins National Collection Week

Area residents are preparing to bring joy to a hurting world this Christmas by packing and collecting shoe box gifts for children around the world through Operation Christmas Child.

Pagosa Bible Church, at the corner of North Pagosa Blvd. and Park Avenue, will be open to receive gift-filled shoe boxes for Operation Christmas Child during the project's National Collection Week, Nov. 14-20. Local hours of operation will be Monday-Thursday 10 a.m.-1 p.m., Friday 10 a.m.-2 p.m., Saturday 10 a.m.-3 p.m., and Sunday 1 p.m.-5 p.m.

This is Pagosa Bible Church's first year as a Relay Center for Operation Christmas Child, a project that encourages children, families, churches and groups to fill empty shoe boxes with toys, school supplies, hygiene items, photos and personal letters, then hand-delivers them to children worldwide suffering from poverty, war, disease, natural disaster and terrorism.

The church hopes to collect many shoe box gifts from Pagosa Springs residents and surrounding areas this year.

Over 7.4 million gift-filled shoe boxes were collected worldwide last year, and distributed to children in more than 90 countries. This year's international goal is to collect and distribute 7.8 million shoe box gifts. Packed with love and sent with prayer, Operation Christmas Child shoe box gifts have brightened the lives of more than 38 million children since 1993.

"This simple and fun project gives people right here in this community a chance to bring a smile to the face of a child very far away from them," said Keith Sidwell, Operation Christmas Child southwest regional director. "By taking the time to pack these gifts and pray over them as we drop them off to be sent around the world, we want to show hurting children that they are loved, and that they are not forgotten."

"The ministry of Operation Christmas Child has captured my heart. How can one resist the smiles on children's faces that come from knowing someone from across the world loves them, and that God can give them hope? The impact of one gift-filled shoe box from a caring family is enormous," said Nancy Burke, who is volunteering as the Relay Center coordinator for Operation Christmas Child.

Operation Christmas Child is the world's largest international children's Christmas project. Gift-filled shoe boxes have been a source of hope and joy to children suffering from some of life's hardest circumstances: those living among civil war in the Darfur region of western Sudan, children who survived last September's terrorist attack in Beslan, Russia, those recovering from war in Kosovo and Bosnia, and children whose lives were changed forever by last December's tsunami in India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.

Operation Christmas Child is a project of Samaritan's Purse, an international Christian relief and evangelism ministry headed by Franklin Graham.

For more information about Pagosa Bible Church's participation in Operation Christmas Child, call 1-800-605-5983.

For more information about Operation Christmas Child, or to receive free materials, call 1-800-353-5949 or visit www.


Local Chatter

Bazaar opens Monday, library reopens Saturday

By Kate Terry

PREVIEW Columnist

The Community United Methodist Church's 42nd annual Russ Hill Memorial Bazaar opens at 9 a.m. Monday, Nov. 14. It will close Friday, Dec. 2.

The scheduled hours are 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. until noon Saturdays, and 6-8 p.m. on Tuesday evenings, Nov. 15 and 22. The telephone number, 264-4538, for placing orders will be open during these hours.

Wreath orders must be placed by Friday, Nov. 25. A maximum 750 wreaths will be made.

Small wreaths (8-inch inside width), with red bow and pine cones, are $19. Medium wreaths (14- inch inside width), with red box and pine cones, are $27. Wreaths, as well as table arrangements, can be shipped.

Table arrangements will be for sale in the foyer of the church.

Although the Russ Hill Memorial Bazaar is a Methodist Church project, many of the volunteers are not members. It's a good way to learn how to handle the greenery - to make something beautiful. And the excitement and camaraderie generated is contagious. About 40 to 50 workers volunteer their time and talents to this project. Some help gather the greens the weekend before the bazaar opens.

Proceeds of the bazaar support the church and the community.

Around Town

It's been nearly six month since the Ruby Sisson Library was vacated so an addition could be constructed. Thanks to the Humane Society Thrift Store, a mini library was set up in their undercroft (that's the underneath, underneath). The space was cozy and the staff the same gracious bunch, but we will be happy to move into the new quarters. The ribbon cutting ceremony is this Saturday, Nov. 12, at 10 a.m. Come see.

The genealogical collection is said to be the best in the Four Corners. In the old Sisson Library, it got tucked back in a corner and the general public didn't know that it was there. But now the collection will be shelved where it can readily be spotted and so used and enjoyed.

These are books that the Archuleta County Genealogical Society has purchased over the years - purchased with their dues money. The collection is excellent.

The society will resume its meetings at Sisson Library. The time is changed. Meetings will be at 11 a.m. on the third Saturday. The next meeting will be Saturday, Dec. 17.

Last week reporter John Middendorf wrote about weather conditions and he included a hint that bears repeating by this column. For those who hate to have to scrape frost from a windshield, "coat the car windows with a solution of three parts vinegar to one part water."

Fun on the Run

A man and a woman who have never met before find themselves in the same sleeping carriage of a train.

After the initial embarrassment, they both managed to get to sleep; the woman on the top bunk, the man on the lower. In the middle of the night the woman leaned over and said, "I'm sorry to bother you, but I'm awfully cold and I was wondering if you could possibly pass me another blanket."

The man leaned out and, with a glint in his eye, said, "I've got a better idea Š let's pretend we're married."

"Why not," giggled the woman.

"Good," he replied, "get your own blanket."


Community Center News

Full, fun schedule at community center

By Mercy Korsgren

PREVIEW Columnist

Tomorrow is Veteran's Day and in celebration of this special day the eighth-graders at Pagosa Springs Junior High School, with their teacher, Scott White, are sponsoring a free breakfast for all our veterans.

Students will serve breakfast 7 a.m. to noon. All our veterans should come to the community center and enjoy the food, the friends and the students who would love to serve, sit down and chat with you as a way of honoring you and saying thank you for all that you've done for our country and our people.

I hope to see you all here at the center.

Beginning yoga class

Today Richard Harris, our volunteer yoga instructor, is back 11 a.m.-noon. Richard started his class last week.

Yoga is a form of exercise and is a non-competitive activity with a goal of self improvement. All are welcome to join this free program. Please bring a towel or yoga mat and dress comfortably.

Call 264-4152 for more information.

Italian cooking class

Today is the last class of the series and Edith promised to come back next summer. Thank you very much Edith, this was a great program; everyone loved and enjoyed it.

Also, several students have been cooking dishes they have learned in class and all are pleased with their tryouts.

The menu for today will be antipasti and portobello mushroom ravioli which Edith had prepared at home and kept frozen. Vegetarians will love these.

Of course, Edith will demonstrate how she made the ravioli which is simple and not time-consuming. The class will prepare the sauce from scratch and will be treated again with green salad drizzled with fresh lemon and olive oil, and sprinkled with Parmesan cheese.

Last week's chicken saltimbocca - rolled chicken stuffed with spinach, prosciutto and Parmesan cheese - was delicious and the presentation was superb with the rolled chicken cut crosswise. The creamy polenta and fresh green salad were great additions.

Grazie to Edith and thanks to her husband, Dave, who willingly helps Edith with whatever she needs - delivery of materials and tools, as well as cleaning up. They are a wonderful couple.

Cajun music, dancing

We have Cajun music and dancing tonight, Nov. 10, at 7-9 p.m. in the North Conference Room, with John Gwin on his accordion.

Bring your favorite dance music (any style) and John will play it. Bring something to nibble on if you so desire. The center will provide hot and cold beverages.

For more information contact me at 264-4152, or John at 731-9666.

Aus-Ger Club

The next gathering will be a breakfast meeting 9 a.m. Nov. 11 at the Community Center. Bodil will bring Mohn Wechlen, which is a kind of poppyseed roll and an Austrian specialty. For more information call Bodil, 903-8800, or e-mail

Hertzliche gruesse.

Club members will drive to the Chalet Swiss Restaurant in South Fork Nov. 25 and have raclette, cheese and chocolate fondues and an alternative choice for those who prefer their foods less sweet and/or rich.

The club is also planning a trip to Germany in the future. How exciting!


The Community Scrapbook Club meets 10 a.m.-2 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 12. Allison Wylie with Creative Memories will demonstrate a fast and easy way to get your scrapbook pages done. If you would like to work on her project, give her a call at 264-2824 to reserve your packet.

There will be no demonstrations at the Nov. 26 meeting and Teresa Mael with Close To My Heart will be the demonstrator Dec. 10. Teresa will demonstrate how clear, rubber stamps can help embellish your pages.

During our work session, cutting tools, ink pads, various rubber stamps, and markers will be available for free. Please bring your own paper and adhesive. If you have any questions, feel free to give Melissa Bailey a call at 731-1574.

Adult dance session

In response to popular demand, we are having an adult dance session the third Friday of each month, except December. Come out, reserve a table for your group and shake that body Friday, Nov. 18, from 7:30-10:30 p.m. here at the center.

Will Spears will be our DJ for this evening of fun and good time with friends. Remember, it's BYOB and bring snacks for your group.

Cost is $5 per person, to cover expenses for DJ and hot/cold beverages. Buy your tickets in advance.

Computer lab

Internet privacy is a concern to all of us who use computers to play games, look for information and communicate with family and friends. Recently I found a site which covers this topic in such a way that the average Internet user, a person with little or no computer education, can understand the threats inherent in accessing the Web and can implement some protections against those threats. Most articles on the site were written by someone whose first language is not English; but in spite of that, they are generally clear and understandable. At there is a systematic arrangement of information - an introduction to the topic and then separate articles on anonymous surfing, e-mail security, computer security, privacy FAQs (frequently asked questions), and tool and resources. There is also a section on security as it affects online business, whether from a buying or selling standpoint.

You might ask why privacy is so important; you don't really do anything on your computer that you wouldn't want others to see. The whole privacy issue touches on more than just your personal privacy. It also insures that your computer functions well and will continue to function. I have had the experience of trying to use a computer that was overloaded with spyware. It continued to open and run programs for a time and, when I didn't do anything to protect it because I was experimenting, eventually it ground to a halt. Even with rebooting, I could only use the PC for about 5 minutes before it froze completely. When the anti-spyware program scanned the PC, it found only 25 threats of which it immediately fixed 23. I had to jump through some hoops to get rid of the other 2. I say only 25 because I wasn't counting cookies in that number.

Most spyware programs count cookies when they give you the report of problems on your PC. Since there has been a certain amount of hysteria about cookies in past years, some clarification about cookies and what they can and cannot do is in order. A cookie is a piece of information stored on your computer by a Web site you have visited. Yes, it is stored on your hard drive. Yes, it will, when you revisit that same site, identify you as a previous visitor. No, it is not a program which will keep track of all the sites you visit. Many Web sites give you a unique identification code. In this way, they know who you are and can see when you visited the site, how long you lingered, and, perhaps, what you purchased.

One computer dictionary I consulted went so far as to say that cookies are not malicious. Certainly, however, they could be thought of as invading your privacy. If this is a concern to you and you don't mind the ever-present messages about sites wishing to set cookies on your computer, use this procedure to disallow cookies. Keep in mind that some browsing experiences just aren't possible without allowing cookies.

In Internet Explorer, click on Tools and then on Internet Options. There are a number of tabs in the window which opens; choose Privacy. There is a sliding bar to the left side. As you click and drag the grey button up and down, an explanation of the privacy level appears on the right. Set the desired level; click Apply and then OK. There is a similar procedure in the Firefox browser.

My personal preference is to allow all cookies and just delete them regularly, usually at the beginning or end of the day. The deletion process is very similar. Click on Tools and then Internet Options. On the General tab, there is a Delete Cookies button. You will have to confirm your decision to delete.

Next week, more about the security problems which can and do keep track of your surfing history.

Above information is from your computer IT, Becky. Questions about computer use call her, 264-4152.

New Year's Eve dance

The center is sponsoring a dance 9:05 p.m.-12:30 a.m. Saturday, Dec. 31.

This is your opportunity to dress up or come in Pagosa style. John Graves with Larry Elginer, John's son and Susanna Ninichuck will provide the music.

John has confirmed that the group will play a variety of music - slow ones, country western, rock and roll, ballroom dance music and Latin music. Mark your calendar now and avoid conflict.

Center's new hours

To further serve our community we have extended our hours of operation. We are open Monday 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Tuesday-Friday 8 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. and Saturday 9 a.m.-5:30 p.m. We encourage everyone, especially those interested in basketball, volleyball and computer use, to take advantage of this new hours.


Today, Nov. 10 &emdash;Town Master Plan meeting, 8 a.m.-1:30 p.m.; Italian cooking class, 10 a.m.-noon; yoga with Richard Harris, 11 a.m.-noon; Archuleta County Economic Development Association meeting, 3-5 p.m.; court volunteer dinner, 4-6 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Cajun music and dancing, 7-9 p.m.

Friday, Nov. 11 - Center Office closed, Veteran's Day; free veteran's breakfast, 7 a.m.-noon; Aus-Ger Club gathering, 9-11 a.m.; private birthday party, 7-10 p.m.

Saturday, Nov. 12 - Town parks and rec basketball games, 9 a.m.-noon; Scrapbooking Club work session, 10 a.m.-noon; Teen Center open, 11 a.m.-4 p.m.; Echo Canyon Ranch HOA meeting, 4-6 p.m.; Youth to Work Program, 4-10 p.m.

Sunday, Nov. 13 - Church of Christ Sunday service, 9 a.m.-noon; Grace Evangelical Free Church service, 10 a.m.-noon; United Pentecostal Church service, 2-4 p.m.

Monday, Nov. 14 - Seniors' walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; seniors' bridge club, 12:30-4 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; basketball games, 5-8 p.m.; Loma Linda HOA board meeting, 7-9 p.m.

Tuesday, Nov. 15 - Seniors' computer class, 10 a.m.-noon; seniors' walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; computer Q & A with Becky, 1-4 p.m.; SW Land Alliance meeting, 4-6 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; Family community dinner, 5-7 p.m.; nondenominational Bible study, 6:30-8 p.m.

Wednesday, Nov. 16 - Watercolor Club work session, 10 a.m.-3 p.m.; Pagosa Brats play group, 10 a.m.-noon; Wednesday bridge club, 10 a.m.-3 p.m.; seniors' walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Durango Planned Parenthood workshop, 3:30-5:30 p.m.; Teen Center open, 4-8 p.m.; photo club meeting, 5:30-7 p.m.; adult volleyball, 6:30-9 p.m.; Church of Christ Bible study, 7-8 p.m.

Need a place to have a party or meeting? We have very affordable rooms for small, mid-size and large groups. A catering kitchen is available. Tables, chairs, a portable stage, a dance floor and audio visual equipment are available, too. The center is located at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. Call 264-4152.


Senior News

Den to hold Medicare information session

By Jeni Wiskofske

SUN Columnist

Are you confused about the upcoming Medicare Drug Insurance? With so many choices, it's easy to feel bewildered. There are so many different plans to choose from and each one is very different.

Not all plans carry the same drugs and the deductibles and co-pays are all different. How on earth is one to sort through all this? Well fear no more, the Silver Foxes Den Senior Centers SHIP (Senior Health Insurance Program) counselors are here to put those fears to rest.

On Monday, Nov. 14 at 11 a.m., The Den's SHIP counselors will conduct a presentation on the Medicare Drug Insurance plans, with a question and answer session following. We will repeat the presentation again at 6:30 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 16. Beginning 11 a.m. -1 p.m. Monday, Nov. 21, appointments will be available for signing up for the insurance plan. It is strongly recommended that all Medicare participants attend one of the informative sessions. The Den is located in the community center at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. For further information, call 264-2167.

Sky Ute Casino

Step into the action and play to have fun during our monthly trip to Sky Ute Casino Tuesday, Nov. 15. Free transportation leaves The Den at 1 p.m. returning approximately 5:45 p.m. A $5 coupon for a meal and a $2 coupon to play the slots provided by the casino makes it a hard bargain to pass up.


Eddie Bennett will offer a presentation on life in Africa at The Den 1 p.m. Wednesday, Nov. 16. Eddie was once a citizen of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia). He lived in Victoria Falls, had a 13,000 acre farm and other homes, business and commercial interests that extended across the borders of Zimbabwe. He has lived in more than a dozen countries on four continents and has also visited more than 100 countries across the globe and 47 states in the U.S. Please join us to learn of Zimbabwe's culture and hear stories of Eddie's fascinating and unique experiences.

White Cane Society

The monthly meeting for folks with low vision and their supporters, will be at 11 a.m Wednesday, Nov. 16. Gail from the Southwest Center for Independence leads this informative and helpful support group. For more information, call Gail at 259-1672.

Lunch At Vallecito Lake

In the summer of 1977, Ron, the eldest son of Virginia Jackson, drove up to Lake Vallecito to have a look at property for sale. He phoned home encouraging her to purchase Semke's Steakhouse. Two days later, Ron was tragically killed in an auto accident.

Virginia and her three remaining children were devastated and nearly abandoned their future plans for the restaurant. Then they decided that going forward with the endeavor is what Ron would have wanted.

Virginia proceeded to put her Farmington home on the market and purchase what was to become Virginia's Steakhouse. The Den will make a trip to Vallecito Lake Thursday, Nov. 17, to have lunch at Virginia's Steakhouse. Cost is $10 per person and bus transportation will be provided for $5. Sign up at The Den by Friday, Nov. 4, to experience the splendor of Virginia's Steakhouse and its beautiful surroundings.

Pajama Day

It is Pajama Day at The Den Friday, Nov. 18, so just jump out of bed and don't change those clothes and come on down to The Den for lunch.

Keep those PJs on so you can win a prize for the most authentic sleepwear display. Hair rollers, slippers, and bath robes look great, and there'll be lots of prizes for those who participate. Remember the sleepier and more comfortable you dress, you just might get your photo in the press. Pajamas are the style, because here at The Den we are really wild!

Free monthly movie

Our movie at The Den 1 p.m. Friday, Nov. 18, is "Something's Gotta Give," rated PG-13. Sixty and still sexy, Harry is having the time of his life, wining, dining and romancing women half his age. When he meets a young auctioneer and agrees to go to the Hamptons with her, he's convinced he's in for a sinfully fun weekend. Plans go awry when her playwright mother stops in unannounced, and Harry soon discovers there's nothing wrong with - and plenty good about - acting your age. Please join us for free popcorn in the lounge while enjoying this comedy film full of laughs.

Thank you

Coyote Hill Lodge provided The Den with prizes and games for the Community Center Halloween party. For prizes for the kids, Coyote Hill Lodge had hundreds of pencils wonderfully wrapped in black and orange, an assortment of Halloween balloons and creative handmade pumpkin and black cat coverings over lollipops.

They also supplied The Den with table decorations and a great game for the kids of guessing the number of pennies in a pumpkin. Thank you, Coyote Hill Lodge, for helping The Den to have a fun and interactive booth at the Halloween party and for making Halloween for kids more fun.

Annual fund drive

The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center has been growing rapidly this past year. Our meals and transportation services, our membership and our activities have increased tremendously. As of September 2005, we had served 9,002 meals, delivered 2,484 meals to those in need and provided 4,437 rides. And this does not take into account all of the activities that are now available at The Den like the enjoyable Mystery Trips.

As you can see, we are a great support to you and our community. Please help us to continue our excellent service while continually improving to meet the needs in our ever-growing community by donating tax deductible monies to the Silver Foxes Den. If you would like to send a donation, mail it to Silver Foxes Den Senior Center, P.O. Box 1507, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147. Any amount is greatly appreciated. We thank you for your contribution, your support and your patronage here at The Den.

Seniors Inc. elections

Elections for your local council on aging, better known as Archuleta Seniors, Inc., were held in October and the results are in.

Your newly elected board members for 2006 are as follows: Jim Pearson, president; Mary Lou Maehr, vice-president; Joe Nanus, secretary; Kathy Betts, treasurer; and board members Lorrie Church, Judy Collins, Jim Estell and Bob Tearnan. Congratulations to the new 2006 Seniors Inc. Board Members.

Pool players

Are you skilled at playing pool? Or do you enjoy shooting eight ball or nine ball? The Teen Center coordinator, Jen Stockbridge, has requested volunteers from The Den to join the teens for Friday afternoon pool games at the community center. Sign up at The Den if you are interested in hanging with the teens and teaching them a few things about the game of pool. Or maybe they will even teach you. Either way, join in for the afternoons of fun.

Volunteers needed

The Silver Foxes Den Senior Center has an opportunity for you to make new friends while you donate your time for our senior citizens.

Make an immediate impact on someone's life and volunteer as a driver for medical shuttles to Durango to help those with medical appointments who are unable to drive themselves. A county vehicle and the fuel are provided for the shuttle.

You must have good people skills and be a safe driver. Applications are currently being accepted in The Den office. A background check will be completed on all candidates.

For more information contact Musetta at 264-2167. Please make a difference and volunteer.

Save money on energy bills

Everyone is predicting the cost to heat our homes this winter will rise. Fuel costs are up, and so are your energy bills.

What help is available?

Two federal programs help qualified people with their home heating and cooling bills, whether that's oil, electricity, gas, or something else. They are the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP). If you don't qualify for these programs, you can save money, and get a tax credit, if you replace appliances and even light bulbs with the Energy Star® label. Plus you can do an energy audit to find the places you can stop energy waste.

If you're on a limited income and much of your money goes to paying to stay warm in the winter or to keep cool in the summer, you may be eligible for LIHEAP. LIHEAP pays a portion of heating and cooling costs for low income renters and homeowners. To find out about what help is available in our community, please attend the LIHEAP presentation at The Den, 1 p.m Monday, Nov. 14, provided by Archuleta County Social Services. It's up to the program in our community to determine who is eligible and how much help with energy costs can be given.

The funds frequently run out so remember to apply early! One problem is that there never is enough money to go around. You may also call the National Energy Assistance Referral (NEAR) at 1-866-674-6327 or send an e-mail to

Survive cold and flu season

(From NSW Health)

There are some ways to lower your risk of catching colds, coughs or flu this winter - but if the worst happens, there's also some good advice on how to get better soon.

Keep your lifestyle as healthy as possible. Eating a diet which includes plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit each day, going for regular walks and avoiding too much alcohol all make it easier for your body to resist any kind of infection, including colds and flu. Be a nonsmoker. One great advantage of not smoking is that you get fewer colds, coughs, sore throats and flu than if you do smoke.

Keep away from people who have a cold or flu. Because the viruses that cause these infections are coughed and sneezed into the air you share with other people, it helps to stay away from people who are ill, and to avoid enclosed, crowded places if you can. Don't touch other people's used tissues or handkerchiefs. If you have flu yourself, it's better to stay away from work so you don't pass it on to others.

Wash your hands more often. It's very easy to pick up cold and flu germs from things other people have touched - telephones, door handles or money, for instance - or from shaking hands with someone who is infected. Reduce your risk of catching a cold or flu by washing hands frequently - using warm water and soap removes germs better than a quick rinse under the cold tap. It's also important to avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands - these are all ways that germs can get into your system.

Have the flu vaccine, if you need it. Most people don't need immunization against flu, however it's recommended for people over 65, people of any age who have a chronic disease affecting their heart or lungs, or who have diabetes or kidney problems, or who take certain drugs which affect the immune system, or staff in institutions which care for these people. Check with your doctor if you're unsure.

What should you do if you catch a cold or flu? The best treatment is to rest, keep warm and drink plenty of fluids to help flush the germs out of your system. There are two types of germs - bacteria and viruses. Antibiotics can only kill bacteria - they don't kill the viruses which cause colds and flu. But if a person is already ill with a cold or flu, they may also become ill with an infection caused by bacteria - when this happens a doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the bacterial infection. Although there are no drugs to cure colds and flu, there are some nonprescription medications available from pharmacies which can help relieve the symptoms. As for buying cough medicine, ask your pharmacist to help you choose the best one for your type of cough. Whenever you buy painkillers or cough and cold remedies, always read the directions carefully. Some of these drugs shouldn't be taken with other medication, others can cause drowsiness which can be dangerous if you're driving or operating machinery. If in doubt, ask your pharmacist.

So with all of this said, please take care of yourself and help reduce the risk of the cold and flu viruses this winter season.

Computer lab news

(By Becky Herman)

Internet privacy is a concern to all of us who use computers to play games, look for information and communicate with family and friends. Recently I found a site which covers this topic in such a way that the average Internet user, a person with little or no computer education, can understand the threats inherent in accessing the Web and can implement some protections against those threats. Most articles on the site were written by someone whose first language is not English; but in spite of that, they are generally clear and understandable. At there is a systematic arrangement of information - an introduction to the topic and then separate articles on anonymous surfing, e-mail security, computer security, privacy FAQs (frequently asked questions), and tool and resources. There is also a section on security as it affects online business, whether from a buying or selling standpoint.

You might ask why privacy is so important; you don't really do anything on your computer that you wouldn't want others to see. The whole privacy issue touches on more than just your personal privacy. It also insures that your computer functions well and will continue to function. I have had the experience of trying to use a computer that was overloaded with spyware. It continued to open and run programs for a time and, when I didn't do anything to protect it because I was experimenting, eventually it ground to a halt. Even with rebooting, I could only use the PC for about 5 minutes before it froze completely. When the anti-spyware program scanned the PC, it found only 25 threats of which it immediately fixed 23. I had to jump through some hoops to get rid of the other 2. I say only 25 because I wasn't counting cookies in that number.

Most spyware programs count cookies when they give you the report of problems on your PC. Since there has been a certain amount of hysteria about cookies in past years, some clarification about cookies and what they can and cannot do is in order. A cookie is a piece of information stored on your computer by a Web site you have visited. Yes, it is stored on your hard drive. Yes, it will, when you revisit that same site, identify you as a previous visitor. No, it is not a program which will keep track of all the sites you visit. Many Web sites give you a unique identification code. In this way, they know who you are and can see when you visited the site, how long you lingered, and, perhaps, what you purchased.

One computer dictionary I consulted went so far as to say that cookies are not malicious. Certainly, however, they could be thought of as invading your privacy. If this is a concern to you and you don't mind the ever-present messages about sites wishing to set cookies on your computer, use this procedure to disallow cookies. Keep in mind that some browsing experiences just aren't possible without allowing cookies.

In Internet Explorer, click on Tools and then on Internet Options. There are a number of tabs in the window which opens; choose Privacy. There is a sliding bar to the left side. As you click and drag the grey button up and down, an explanation of the privacy level appears on the right. Set the desired level; click Apply and then OK. There is a similar procedure in the Firefox browser.

My personal preference is to allow all cookies and just delete them regularly, usually at the beginning or end of the day. The deletion process is very similar. Click on Tools and then Internet Options. On the General tab, there is a Delete Cookies button. You will have to confirm your decision to delete.

Next week, more about the security problems which can and do keep track of your surfing history.

Activities at a glance

Friday, Nov. 11 - Closed for Veteran's Day.

Monday, Nov. 14 - Medicare counseling, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; bridge 4 fun, 1 p.m.; Low Income Energy Assistance Program (LIEAP) presentation with Mary Ann from Social Services, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, Nov. 15 - Basic computer class, 10 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; blood pressure checks, 11:30 a.m.; canasta, 1 p.m.; Sky Ute Casino, 1 p.m.

Wednesday, Nov. 16 - White Cane Society support group, 11 a.m.; Zimbabwe - Life, Farming and War with Eddie Bennett.

Thursday, Nov. 17 - Lunch served at the Catholic Church in Arboles, noon (reservations required by Nov. 16); Medicare counseling in Arboles during lunch; Virginia's Steakhouse luncheon at Vallecito Lake.

Friday, Nov. 18 - Pajama day at The Den (great prizes for the best PJs); qi gong, 10 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Seniors Inc. board meeting, 1 p.m.; free movie at The Den.


Suggested donation $2.50 for ages 60-plus, all others $4.50.

Salad bar every day - 11:30 a.m.

Friday, Nov. 11 - Closed for Veteran's Day.

Monday, Nov. 14 - Enchilada pie, lettuce and tomato, yellow squash and mixed fruit.

Tuesday, Nov. 15 - Chicken cordon bleu, rice pilaf, asparagus and apricots.

Wednesday, Nov. 16 - Meatloaf, cut broccoli, apple and raisin nut cup.

Thursday, Nov. 17 - The menu served in Arboles is roast turkey, mashed potatoes and gravy, mixed vegetables, whole wheat roll and pumpkin cake. Birthday celebration lunches are $1.

Friday, Nov. 18 - Clam chowder, veggie medley, cottage cheese pineapple salad and oranges.


Veteran's Corner

All are invited to Veteran's Day activities

By Andy Fautheree

PREVIEW Columnist

Tomorrow, Nov. 11, is Veteran's Day, a national holiday.

There are a number of events planned to commemorate this important date saluting all veterans from periods in our national military history.

Veterans breakfast

Kicking things off Friday morning from 7:30 to 10:30 will be the annual eighth-grade breakfast at the Pagosa Springs Community Center, on Hot Springs Boulevard.

This is a salute to veterans, the event sponsored by the members of the junior high school eighth-grade class as part of their history studies. The students will serve breakfast to the veterans and interview them for information on their military service.

The eighth-grade chorus and band will also play and sing patriotic music. The event is free to all veterans.

Wear uniforms

Veterans are urged to wear their uniforms in keeping with the spirit of the occasion. Current military armed forces personnel and their families are especially invited to attend.

Flag ceremony

Following the Community Center event will be a special flag-raising Veteran's Day salute at the American Legion Post 108 building on Hermosa Street near the Town Park (across from the playing field). All members of the community are invited to attend these ceremonies.

Veterans potluck

The flag will be "retrieved" at 5:30 p.m. in a closing ceremony, followed by an American Legion potluck dinner at 6. The public and all veterans are invited to attend and participate in all of the American Legion activities on this day, and you do not need to be a member of the Legion. If you attend the potluck, please bring a main, side or dessert dish to share with others.

These are the Veteran's Day activities that I know of at this time. If there are other events in our community I'm sure there will be announcements at the breakfast or at the American Legion.

VSO office closed

The Veteran Service Office will be closed Friday so I can attend and participate in honoring my fellow veterans on this solemn day.


Don't forget to call or stop by my office with your VA health care appointments for the Share-A-Ride program. Help a fellow veteran who may be going in the same direction to the same VA facility. Give me a call if you can provide transportation or need transportation. I will keep a calendar of who is going where to coordinate this important program.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is located at 400 South Camino Del Rio, Suite G, (next to Big 5 Sports). Phone number is 247-2214. Albuquerque VAMC phone number is (800) 465-8262.

For more information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits, call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office located on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, the fax number is 264-8376, and e-mail is afautheree@ The office is open from 8 to 4, Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Library News

Sisson Library reopens with ceremony Saturday

By Christine Eleanor Anderson

PREVIEW Columnist


The good news is the library is reopening. The great news is the community made its goal - an enlarged and renovated library, come to life!

And, we are going to have a good, old-fashioned celebration.

The grand reopening and ribbon-cutting event will start off with a rousing welcome by the Pagosa Springs High School Pep Band in the parking lot of the library at 9:50 a.m. Saturday morning, Nov. 12. Speakers to follow include Kate Terry, Christine Anderson, Mamie Lynch and Ross Aragon.

Joan Rohwer, the dedicated and determined chair of the library board of trustees who saw this project through, will wield one pair of honorary scissors. Lenore Bright, the former librarian of 22 years, who raised most of the funds for this project that she lovingly pushed towards fruition, will wield the other pair.

Then, snip, snip, let's eat! Cookies and drinks are served.

The kids can rush into their wonderful, large, new room and inaugurate it by participating in the Name the Library Dog Contest. The library golden retriever, a lovable stuffed mascot, will live in the Children's Room. And, kids should watch for appearances of its live counterparts, local therapy dogs, who will be coming to future library programs. A committee of children will select the naming prize winner in the near future.

Barb Draper, the children's Librarian, has arranged a program of story reading by local celebrities: Mary Jo Coulehan of the Chamber at 10:30, Don Volger of the police department at 11, Warren Grams, fire chief at 11:30, and someone from the sheriff's department at noon.

The Children's Chorale will entertain at noon.

For the art-minded older set, watercolorist Denny Rose, the originator of the Bookmark Art Project will give a lecture and tour of the Bookmark Art Exhibit at 11 a.m. Her partner Virginia Bartlett will give a second tour at 1 p.m.

The library Web site, is being revised, compliments of Pagosa Webworks. Patrons will want to get into the habit of checking the site for the library calendar of events, news and additions, as well as all of the old functions.

Also in honor of the reopening, the library is offering a one-time book and fine amnesty until Dec. 1. All fines will be expunged from the records. Returned materials, no matter how long overdue, will be gratefully taken back into the fold with no comments, fines or other demerits.

Building reopenings are celebrated worldwide, and in many different ways. I had never heard of "topping off" (also called "topping out") ceremonies until I began to research building celebrations for our reopening. They are an ironworker's tradition, where the last piece of steel, on top of a new building, is placed as part of the opening ceremony. The iron could be a flagpole, a steel evergreen tree, but whatever it is, it signifies, good job, and good luck. This has a romantic flavor to it, but I just couldn't see how we could do it, nor that it would have meaning for most of us. And, then too, I thought it might be dangerous if it misfired and some of us were "topped off."

In other parts of the world, blessings, chanting, lighting of butter lamps, giving of gifts and souvenirs to the main donors, are all parts of building celebrations. None of this seemed to be up our alley either.

So, we are going to have a simple, old-fashioned Pagosa celebration: music, speeches, food and library activities.

We will be celebrating the new building all year though, and for a long time into the future. There will be adjusting, rearranging and arranging some more as we get the place into homey, comfy form. We are also exploring special programs that might bring the community into the library: holiday celebrations, maybe a spelling bee, and a Cinco de Mayo festival. Think about what you would like us to celebrate and tell us so we can think about it too.

Best of all, we are going to work hard to add lots of wonderful new books, CDs and videos to enhance the community's intellectual stimulation. We have donors stepping up to the plate with offerings of book resources for the Children's Room, and the preteen area, Megean's Place, as well as new adult books. We have volunteers who are going to help exhibit all of this new wealth of knowledge so that you will all be enticed into new areas of reading pleasure. And we have a staff that is happy to be back in the library that they will be working for your library happiness in every way they can.

So come, celebrate with us, find your place of comfort in the new building. Make yourself at home in your very own library. We are looking forward to watching you enjoy yourselves.


Arts Line

Gala Gallery Tour Walk scheduled Dec. 2

By Kayla Douglass

PREVIEW Columnis

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council Gallery in Town Park will be open winter hours beginning this week. Hours are Tuesday and Thursday from 11 a.m. until 2 p.m.

Voice mail and e-mail are checked regularly, so please leave a message if no one is available in the office.

Attention watercolorists

The PSAC Watercolor Club was formed in the winter of 2003.

Since that time, Pagosa watercolorists have met at 10 a.m. the third Wednesday of each month in the arts and craft space at the community center. The rooms are available to us for the day and we each contribute $5 for the use of the space.

The schedule for the day varies each time the watercolorists get together to draw and paint. We sometimes have a demonstration of technique from a professional watercolorist or framer. Sometimes, a few people bring still lifes or photos, or projects they want to complete. Come join us, bring your lunch and your watercolor supplies for a fun day. The next meeting is Wednesday, Nov. 16.

Gala Gallery Tour

PSAC's third annual Gala Gallery Tour Walk will be held 5 to 8 p.m. Friday, Dec. 2. Participating galleries are: Wild Spirit, Pagosa Photography, Moonlight Books, Taminah Frame Center, Handcrafted Interiors, Lantern Dancer, Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park and Gallery, The Crucible, Soledad's Studio and Gallery, Back Door Collectibles, Rainbow Gifts and Puttin on the Rydz.

Galleries will be decorated for the holidays and ready to provide a festive atmosphere with refreshments, door prizes, live or recorded music, and may have guest artists available to meet and greet.

Tickets are $8 for PSAC members and $10 for nonmembers, and will be available at WolfTracks, Moonlight Books, and the Chamber of Commerce. NOTE: Tickets will not be sold at the PSAC Gallery, due to limited winter hours.

This is a great way to kick off the holiday season, gather some unique ideas for your holiday gift giving, and support the local art community. It will be a very festive evening for all.

Drawing with Davis 

Mark your calendar for Saturday, Dec. 3. Due to other commitments Randall Davis has been unable to teach his drawing class the last few months and we are pleased to have him back in December.

This class is usually the third Saturday of the month, but in December it will be held the first weekend of the month.

Drawing with Randall Davis begins at 9 a.m. and usually finishes up around 3 p.m. at the community center.

If you do not consider yourself an artist, that's OK. You won't be lost; Randall gives a lot of one-on-one attention as well as an excellent step-by-step demonstrations. If you have never attended one of his classes, it's a treat to see what you can produce in a day under his guidance.

All you need to bring is a large sketchpad, a few drawing pencils; preferably a mid-range No. 2 or 3 and a 6 in a bold lead and in a hard lead, a ruler, eraser and an attitude to enjoy the day. Bring your own sack lunch, since you'll be having so much fun you won't want to take the time away from drawing to go get one.

It's best to make a reservation through PSAC, 264-5020. The gallery is on winter hours now and is only staffed a couple of days a week, but someone will get back to you as soon as possible. Space allowing, walk-ins are always welcome

PSAC Workshops

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council sponsors and manages workshop in the arts and crafts space at the community center. From the outset, the Arts Council has been a partner in and supporter of the community center.

We started the workshops in 2002 and they have grown substantially since that time. We service the arts in the community and the community has responded favorably to this program. It gives those who want to teach a chance to do so and at the same time gives our residents a venue for learning something they have always been interested in - whether it is watercolor, acrylic, oil, drawing, drama, photography, etc. The space also provides a home for the photo and watercolor clubs and serves as a meeting location for various other groups.

If you are interested in teaching a workshop or class, secure a workshop application form at the gallery in Town Park (264-5020) or download the form from our Web site, Pagosa-Arts.Com. If you are a resident and have ideas and suggestions for a class or workshop we haven't offered, please let us hear from you. The Arts Council's mailing address is: P.O. Box 533, Pagosa Springs, Co., 81147 or e-mail at

Gift idea

This is the first year for a calendar produced by local artists with subject matter reflecting Pagosa Country.

Our 14-page full color calendar features images for the 12 months, as well as a cover image. Works featured are from local artists Bruce Andersen, J. D. Kurz, Jan Brookshier, Sabine Baeckman-Elge, Jeanine Malaney, Jeff Laydon, Ginnie Bartlett, Claire Goldrick, Barbara Rosner and Tom Lockhart.

The 2006 calendars are available through the Arts Council at a price of $9.95 plus tax for nonmembers and $8.95 plus tax for members. They make great Christmas gifts.

Don't forget the gallery is on winter hours. Feel free to call ahead and reserve copies to be picked up when we are open: Tuesday and Thursday 11-2. Calendars are also available at The Chamber of Commerce, Moonlight Books and Lantern Dancer.

Join the PSAC

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council is an organization that helps ensure a flourishing and diverse community by enriching lives through the arts.

The privileges of membership include: Involvement in membership activities,; involvement in the community; socializing and participating in the camaraderie of the arts; discounts on PSAC events and workshops; recognition in Artsline and listings in PSAC Artist Guide and PSAC Business Guide.

Workshops and exhibits are sponsored by PSAC to benefit the art community.

Membership rates are rates are: Youth, $10; Individual Senior, $20; Regular, $25; Family Senior, $25; Regular, $35; Business, $75; Patron, $250; Benefactor, $500; Director, $1,000 ; Guarantor, $2,500 and up.

PSAC sponsored events include:

- Gallery exhibits in Town Park, May - October.

- Art workshops and classes, arts and craft space, in the community center.

- PSAC annual membership meeting.

- Annual Pagosa Country Calendar.

- Annual juried art exhibit.

- Annual photo contest.

- Annual home and garden tour.

- Annual gallery tour.

- Periodic artist studio tour.

- Watercolor club.

- Photo club.

- Summer youth art camp.

- Arts and craft tent, Four Corners Folk Festival.

PSAC divisions include: Pretenders, our Family Theatre Group and San Juan Dance Festival.

We value our membership and appreciate your support. If you would like to be a member, call 264-5020 or e-mail (

Local artists wanted

The Pine River Library (Bayfield) welcomes artists of all ages to display their artwork there. Painting, drawing, photography, fabric art, wall quilt, weaving, tapestry, jewelry, beadwork, sculpture, pottery, ceramics, woodwork, glass art, stained glass, metal art and silversmithing are welcome.

If you want to display your artwork, call Chrissy Moiseve at 884-2222. She will be happy to fax you an art display request form, discuss any of their requirements and answer questions you might have.

Artwork is displayed for two months. Work to be displayed January and February must be received no later than Dec. 31. Artwork displayed may be available for sale, and while the library staff is not involved in the sale of artwork, they will refer queries about the purchase of artwork to the artist. There is no fee charged to artists. This project encourages the artistic and cultural interest of the community by providing a showcase for local artists


CowParade is the world's largest premier public art event.

Beginning in Chicago in 1999 CowParade has traveled the world in the past six years and has the distinctive tradition of taking art out of the museums and onto the streets for people of all ages to enjoy.

The Cows are coming home to Colorado's Cow Town to turn the streets of Denver into a forum for public art, creativity and innovation.

Would you like to be one of the artists selected to use a cow for a canvas? CowParade Denver is accepting proposals from artists who wish to participate in this public art event. Artists whose designs are selected for exhibition will be provided with a life-sized, blank fiberglass cow form and will be paid a $1,000 honorarium upon completion of their painted cow. As one of the event's nonprofit partners, the Cherry Creek Arts Festival will be managing the artist application process. Online applications are available, with a Dec. 30 deadline, at


All PSAC classes and workshops are held in the arts and craft Space at the Community Center, unless otherwise noted.

All exhibits are shown at the PSAC Gallery in Town Park, unless otherwise noted.

Nov. 16 - Watercolor club.

Dec. 2 - Gallery Tour, 5-8 p.m.

December 3 - Drawing with Randall Davis - 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. community center, $35.

Artsline is a communication vehicle of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. For inclusion in Arts line, send information to PSAC by e-mail at We would love to hear from you regarding suggestions for Artsline. Events in surrounding areas will be included when deemed of interest to our readers.


Food for Thought

Therapy for 'that kind of day'

By Karl Isberg

PREVIEW Columnist

The day begins on a sour note and the tune disintegrates from there.

Sound familiar?

It seems there's nothing you can do to stem the tide of nastiness, to stop the nonsense, to reverse your course and head back to something reasonable, absent frustration and stress.

You didn't expect it; you never saw it coming. There's nothing you did the day before that leads you to believe you were going to crash and burn in the next 24 hours.

It just happens and, when it does, it rolls over you like heavily-armored tracked vehicle crunching a compact car on a narrow, gloomy street in Fallujah.

This kind of day is like a bad run at the blackjack table. Some of you can relate to this: Things are going along swimmingly - you're staying a bit ahead of things, chatting amiably with a gal named Tina from Orlando who's been poolside working on the tan a few too many times. You're marveling at just how deep a wrinkle can go in the epidermis; you're blinded by her bleached choppers and her botox-tightened features and you're nursing a weak White Russian thinking all's well with the world.

Oh, how wrong you are.

It happens instantly, this reversal. Before you have time to collect your wits and emerge from the cloud of cheap perfume emanating from Tina's freckled shoulders, you watch, paralyzed, as hand after hand goes down the tube at light speed. In a nanosecond you're flat broke and digging in your hip pocket for that 20-percent-interest credit card from the National Rifle Association you swore you'd never use for cash. Tina has departed, glued on the arm of a grossly overweight used car salesman from Amarillo and you are behind the proverbial eight ball pondering how you are going to abscond with the credit card bill before your spouse gets a look at it.

That's how it is.

It's that kind of day.

I had one last week.

Unfortunately, it was the ninth or tenth "that kind of day" in a row.

I was beat to a pulp. And the pulp was going to be squeezed one more time.

The day began when the dog had a touch of gastric distress while standing on the deck. A Labrador retriever contains a lot of material that can be rallied for duty in an intestinal crisis.

So, after I clean up after the dog, I head for the office.

In my business, I have more opportunities than most to be exposed to irritation and stress brought on by unavoidable confrontations with idiocy - my own and that of others. Each confrontation with the absurd and the untenable erodes the will to live, depletes the reservoir of patience, tarnishes the image of the species (as if more tarnish were possible).

Ecce homo.

Every day.

Friday, though, I was at the edge. You've been to the edge, haven't you? You look over and it's dark down there. Very dark.

I found the lip of the abyss after I finished dealing with a series of folks, all of whom knew everything. This was difficult for me, since I know everything too.

The behavior I encountered spanned the spectrum from the arrogance born of a too-tight moral focus to the pinball machinelike products of shaky brain chemistry.

I heard advice on how to do my business from people who hadn't spent a minute doing the job. They took numbers at the front counter, and waited in line to get to me.

I was bombarded by comments from people warm and toasty in the restrictive mummy bag of kindergarten politics. Folks emitted ideological epiphenomena&emdash; thought-vapors rose and dissipated, without substance, floating off a boiling cauldron of poorly conceived ideas transmitted by talk radio and fair and balanced TV. It was enchanting.

I was told the purpose of a newspaper is not to tell the truth, but to hide the truth from its readers and, therefore, avoid controversy. I was told a newspaper is obligated to report inflated grade-point averages in order to bolster the self-esteem of the kids. I learned about an insidious government plan to disperse behavior-altering chemicals from high-altitude aircraft, and was reminded that what most of us think are clouds are, in reality, alien spaceships. I learned that, soon, our pets would be devoured by buffalo-size chipmunks.

I reviewed the news of the week and realized, again, that our world is a huge clown car pulling to a stop in the center ring, its tiny, raucous and gaily-clad occupants exiting in an unending, chaotic stream. How do we get all those clowns in one teensy car?

I was yelled at because a letter to the editor did not find its way to print. The fact there were three times the number of letters submitted than could be printed was irrelevant to my antagonist. The fact the letter was incoherent and 1,500 words in length was deemed "a matter of opinion."

I staggered home and collapsed in front of the television. I clicked on the satellite and, bingo, I was assaulted by a news segment about elephant artists. Some goofball had taught elephants to pick up loaded paintbrushes with their trunks and drag the ends of the brushes across canvases. The elephants do this, of course, because each time they do as they are told, they get a snack.

Very much like Franz Kline.

But, no. It didn't end there.

The interviewer went to a gallery that displays the "paintings." The gallery owner faced the camera and, in all seriousness, told a delighted interviewer the elephants have taken abstract painting to a new height, displaying "impassioned expression and certifiable lyricism. Look at the purposeful brush stroke," she cooed.

The report ended as a nitwit in a collarless shirt purchased an elephant painting for $1,000.

I thought back to a notable visit to Pasadena when I was alone in a gallery at the Norton Simon Museum, flush up on one of Rembrandt's late self-portraits with all the time I needed and no one to interrupt me. The old guy had cracks in the forehead that Tami would need another five years in the sun to produce. You could sense the Dutchman's nervous system in the impasti.

I watched the geek prance from the gallery with his elephant art and I wanted to melt.

It was one of those days.

What to do?

What do you do when anxiety weighs so heavy on your chest you can't catch a breath?

I know some folks who retreat to the bottle, but they're no fun past 7 p.m. - and they think they're a whole lot more fun than they really are before 7. I needed something with more depth.

I headed straight for food and, more specifically, to the therapy of cooking, to the process of cooking, which includes planning and shopping and preparation.

The monster gnawing on my psyche was so big I needed to push beyond the ordinary, foodwise, flex my muscles, go exotic.

What to make?

The answer hit me like a speeding Oldsmobile driven by a half-blind senior citizen hurrying to get a seat at the reduced-price lunch program.

Shrimp vindaloo. Raita.

I looked at the clock. Time had slipped past me, Bergsonian, flowing like gooey lava. It was 4 p.m. All the better for the vindaloo&emdash; a quickly made, exciting dish. Incredible on entry - thrilling upon departure.

I hustled to the market, to the produce section. I snatched the makings of a mushy green salad: mixed greens, a "ripe" tomato, a white onion, a "ripe" avocado, a lemon.

From there I beat a path to the case containing packs of frozen shrimp. A guy stopped me to tell me how he never reads the newspaper and how much he enjoys my column. He was fairly small, with dinky little arms and a concave chest. I knew I could beat his rear like a badly-built bongo but I resisted the temptation to go to the parking lot and lie in wait, and I pressed on. I'm old.

I found a pack of big boy crustaceans with nary a spot of freezer burn on them. I sped around the corner and procured a pack of frozen peas.

At home, I put the shell-on, split and deveined shrimps in cold salted water to refresh them as they thawed. They like to come back to the light in a familiar medium.

I sliced the white onion, mincing a third of the slices and setting them aside. I chunked up the avocado and did the same with the tomato. I rinsed and dried the greens, tore them up, threw them in a bowl, added the minced onion, the avocado and tomato and squeezed the ingredients together. To them I added some fresh lemon juice, extra virgin olive oil, a bit of dried oregano, kosher salt and pepper.

The peas went in a pan and headed for the heat in the company of a bit of water. I boiled salted water and got some pasta ready to cook

The shrimps were relieved of their shells and dried. The sliced onion was sautéed in oil until soft and to it I added a can of Patak's vindaloo paste - a wicked mix of tomato, vinegar, chiles, spices and heaven knows what else - and a bit of clam juice. I held the jar of Patak's to the light, examining it like an oenophile checks out a glass of outstanding Beaujolais - agog, penitent. You don't analyze miracles, you accept them. This taste miracle comes from the best darned Indian food importer I know - with headquarters in, of all places, Austin, Minnesota. Austin must be the best city in the world: vindaloo pastes, chutneys, garam masala and darned fine high school ice hockey to boot.

The pasta went in the pot and, when it was half done, the shrimps were added to the bubbling vindaloo sauce. They were done at the same time as the pasta.

The fiery sauce obliterated thoughts of anything but the fact it is darned near impossible to get that much flavor in one bite. How do those wacky Indians do it? And still find time to answer calls to the service center about an inaccurate satellite television bill?

A dollop of yogurt with the addition of shredded cucumber added a cool mantle and creaminess to the meal.

A glass, or two - maybe more - of GewurtstraminerŠ


The weight was lifted, the therapy successful.

Cooking demands concentration, it wings one away from the obsessive thoughts that eat at the lining of the stomach, that restrict the breath. It is a meditation, the ingredients and processes a comforting mantra.

Eating the food, if it is properly prepared, requires the same level of concentration and has the same effect, as does the conversation during the meal.

If anyone can bear to talk to you.

I crashed on to the couch after dinner, calm, reintroduced to a world of order and reason. I flipped the channel to the Big Joe Polka show and marveled at the accordion wizardry of Dave Salmons from Omaha, Nebraska. The guy was spectacular - a Slavic whirlwind.

I contemplated some realistic solutions to the stress of my work. Ways to prevent one of those days.

Perhaps another job?

As an art dealer.

Where a guy can find an elephant around here?


Extension Viewpoints

A new approach to holiday poultry

By Bill Nobles

PREVIEW Columnist

Nov. 11 - Office closed for Veteran's Day.

Nov. 11 - Colorado Kids 4-H Club meeting, 2 p.m.

Nov. 14 - Rabbit Project meeting, 3:45 p.m.

Nov. 15 - 4-H new family orientation, 7 p.m.

Nov. 18 - Clover Buds at community center, 1:30-3 p.m.

Check out our Web page at for calendar events and information.

Holiday poultry prep

It's that time of year when many people start looking for the perfect main course for their holiday dinner table. Did you know that in 2003, the typical American consumed 13.7 pounds of turkey and, if tradition be true, a hearty helping of it was devoured at Thanksgiving time. So, if you are thinking about preparing some poultry this year, maybe try it in a different way - smoking.

Poultry may be processed in salt brine, in which the salt has been smoked or to which liquid smoke has been added. The whole carcass, boned rolls, parts such as drumsticks, or thin slabs of meat may be smoked in this manner. This method results in less weight loss for a fully cooked product. It can be done in a home oven without a special smokehouse. Another method cures the meat in a sugar and salt brine then smokes it using hardwood. This method is more difficult, but some people feel the meat has a better flavor. Flavor can be influenced by the hardwood used.

A basic brine consists of 1 pound of brown sugar, 2 pounds of uniodized salt and 3 gallons of water. One tablespoon of liquid smoke may be added if a smokehouse is not available. Use enough brine to cover the meat. Add other spices and seasonings as desired.


Use a noncorrosive container to hold the brine and meat during the curing process. Wood, crockery, stainless steel or plastic containers work well. With whole poultry carcasses or parts, place the meat in the container and pour the brine over the meat until it is covered. You may have to place a weight on top of the meat to keep it from floating. Place thin slabs of meat, such as those used for jerky, into the brine so all surfaces are covered. The brine soaks into the meat at approximately 1/2 inch per 24 hours as a rough estimate of curing time. Pieces more than 2 inches thick are best cured by pumping the brine solution into the meat. The skin and other factors slow the penetration of the brine solution. Cure thin slices (1/4 to 1/2 inch thick) for at least 24 hours. Cure in a refrigerated or cool room, preferably about 35 degrees F. Rearrange the meat at least once during the curing process to allow even distribution of the brine to all parts of the meat. Keep the brine clean and cool to minimize bacterial growth in the brine tank. In general, do not to recycle the brine, although it may be done once under limited circumstances.


After the meat has cured, soak it in fresh, clean, cool water for 30 minutes to two hours. This removes excess salt from the surface and equalizes the salt content of the meat. Clearing time is determined by the thickness of the meat; the thicker the meat, the longer the clearing time.

Smokehouse procedure

After clearing, thoroughly drain the poultry carcass or parts and hang in the smokehouse. Heat at 140 degrees F for 30 minutes, turn on the smoke and heat at 150 degrees for 1 hour. Turn off the smoke and heat at 170 degrees for 2 hours followed by 185 to 200 degrees smokehouse air temperature until internal muscle temperature reaches 165 degrees, as measured by a meat thermometer. After the meat has been in the smokehouse for 30 minutes, increase smokehouse humidity by placing pans of water over the heat source. Smoking gives the meat an attractive light-brown color and a fragrant smoke aroma.

Smoked poultry is a cured product, but it must be refrigerated. It will keep three to four weeks at refrigerator temperatures, 35 to 40 degrees. It may eventually develop mold, depending on temperature and humidity. Smoked poultry may be frozen up to six months, possibly longer. Poultry fat becomes rancid after long-term storage and gives the product a stale, off flavor.


Poultry that has been smoked may be roasted in a low-heat oven, 275 to 325 degrees, for 15 to 20 minutes per pound, depending on the size of the carcass or parts. Cover the meat with foil to retain the moisture and eliminate the need for basting.

Brine-smoked procedure

If the meat is cured in a brine with smoke added, you can omit the smokehouse step. After clearing, roast the meat in a 325 degree oven for 20 to 30 minutes per pound. Larger quantities of meat require less cooking time per pound. If a cooking thermometer is available, cook the poultry to an internal temperature of 180 degrees.


To prepare turkey jerky, cut the breast meat into thin strips, about

1/8 inch thick and approximately 1 inch wide. Cure it for 24 hours in the brine with liquid smoke added. Clear for 30 minutes, drain and arrange one layer thick on a Teflon-coated cookie sheet. Place the jerky in a 325 degree oven for one hour. At this stage, the meat will be moist and ready to eat. For a drier product, reduce the oven temperature to 160 degrees and heat the meat until it reaches the desired dryness. Leave the oven door open slightly during this phase to aid moisture loss. Turkey jerky is subject to rancidity, as are other smoked turkey products. If you plan to store it for more than one week, freeze it. Turkey jerky is a convenient, tasty meat that may be used for snacks or regular meals. It is excellent for campers, hikers and hunters because it is cooked and has a shelf life of three days to three weeks, depending on environmental conditions. It may be eaten directly from the pack or used in hot dishes prepared over a camp fire.


Pagosa Lakes News

Balance in all things: take a run on Turkey Day

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

The annual Turkey Trot is scheduled for 10 a.m. Thanksgiving Day.

Registration begins at 8:30 a.m. at the Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center. The choice of a two-mile walk or a five-mile run is yours to make.

Speaking of run (a trot for some of us), a group of scientists recently said that humans were born to run and evolved from apelike creatures into the way we look today, probably because of the need to cover long distances and compete for food. I wonder which people the scientists were looking at. It's a good thing we don't have to catch the turkey for the Thanksgiving dinner.

From tendons and ligaments in the legs and feet that act like springs, and skull features that help prevent overheating, to well-defined buttocks that stabilize the body, the human anatomy is, according to these scientists, shaped for running. True for the likes of Paula Radcliff, but have the scientists looked at the other 90 percent of mankind?

Regardless of all the scientific blather, it will be a lot of fun to show up on Thanksgiving morning to trot or to walk.

The Pagosa Lakes Swim Team organizes this event. Show your support and, besides, a wee bit of exercise will make your Thanksgiving meal taste so good. Thanks to automatic timed ovens, your bird can be roasting while you run. Bet our cavemen ancestors didn't have it so easy.

Operation Winter Coat

Pagosa Springs Rotary Club Operation Winter Coat has begun. If you have unused winter clothing lying around your house, consider donating these items so someone else can put them to good use.

At this time, the following are drop-off points: Chamber of Commerce Visitors Center; Pagosa Springs High School, the junior high school and the elementary school; Our Savior Lutheran School; Jem Jewelers; Ears-2-U and the recreation center.

Please take the little added effort to run items through the wash if they're dirty.

Donated items will be distributed Friday, Nov. 18, from 1-5 p.m. at the county Extension building.

PLPOA meeting

The board of directors of Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association will hold its monthly meeting 7 p.m. today at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.


LaJauna Boyd

LaJauna Fay Boyd, a great mom and my best friend. Mom, I love you, and all your friends and family love you. Be with God. Thank you for being my mom. I miss you.

LaJauna Fay Boyd died Nov. 7, 2005. Her funeral will be in Bakersfield, Calif., at Green Lawn Mortuary, date not known yet. She is survived by two sons, two grandchildren, her mother and sister.


 Business News
Chamber News

Fasten your seat belts - holiday frenzy ahead

By Mary Jo Coulehan

SUN Columnist

Now that we have experienced the Civic Club Bazaar, let the holiday planning begin.

We're going to give you lots of highlights and gift giving tips early, so take out your calendars.

Pagosa Perks

Let's start off with a great gift giving idea - Pagosa Perks.

What are Pagosa Perks? Pagosa Perks originated here at the Chamber of Commerce and work just like a traveler's check. They can be used at any Chamber business and come in denominations of $10 and $20. So, if you are a business, just accept the Perk and deposit it as you would a traveler's check; there's never a risk it will bounce!

This is a great way to give that person on your list exactly what they want, from where they want. You may think a really neat gift would be a new CD. While I'm sure most of us would like some new music, perhaps the best gift you can give that person is the opportunity to pay their electric bill, or buy some tires for winter, or maybe get some additional holiday groceries.

Recipients of Pagosa Perks can actually do that. Or, they can go get that CD, dress or piece of jewelry they have been dying for.

By purchasing Pagosa Perks, you are helping to keep holiday shopping dollars in the community and are supporting hundreds of businesses here in town.

So start early, and get those holiday cards ready with Pagosa Perks inside. Or, if you are a last-minute shopper, we'll be here until Christmas Eve. Give the gift of choice that pleases the recipient and benefits the businesses in your own town.

Christmas Wreaths

I can't imagine, even with all the decorations the Visitor Center has, that it would be complete without a holiday wreath from the Community United Methodist Church. Celebrating their 42nd year making wreaths and table arrangements, the Russ Hill Memorial Bazaar will begin taking orders Monday, Nov. 14. All orders must be in by Friday, Nov 25. Orders can be picked up or sent until Dec. 2.

A maximum of 750 wreaths will be made, so get your order in early.

These wreaths can be shipped and they make excellent Christmas gifts - send the gift of Colorado this holiday season.

"A Christmas Carol"

We're going to start the holiday festivities Dec. 1, with the Pagosa Springs Music Boosters' annual holiday musical. This year the troupe will be performing "A Christmas Carol."

Performances will be held at 7:30 p.m. Dec. 1, 2 and 3, in the high school auditorium. Tickets may be purchased at the Plaid Pony or at the door. Prices are: $12 for adults, $10 for seniors and $6 for students and children. For more information call Michael DeWinter at 731-5262.

Christmas in Pagosa

On Dec. 3, the Chamber will try not to overload La Plata Electric when we light up the Chamber of Commerce Visitors Center for the holidays.

I love this event! For me, it is the start of a magical season, and it is such a joy to watch the children eagerly awaiting their turn to visit with Santa.

Of course, we will be providing cookies and warm drinks in case you have to stand outside for awhile. And this year, we will be adding more entertainment to ease the waiting time to see Santa. So far, performers include: the Mountain Harmony Ladies Chorus, the Children's Chorale, some of the cast from "A Christmas Carol," and a group of bell ringers from the Community United Methodist Church. Entertainment will be inside and outside the Chamber.

The festivities begin at 3:30 p.m. and go until about 5:30 p.m. when we will flip the switches and start ringing in the holidays. Even if you don't have children waiting to see Santa, come down to the Chamber to enjoy the camaraderie of friends, the comfort of food and drink, delightful entertainment, and the glow of the season. Maybe we'll even get a little snow thrown in!

Parade of Lights

On Friday, Dec. 9, at 6 p.m., Pagosa Street will be set aglow during the Pagosa Springs seventh annual Parade of Lights. Walkers, riders, and floats will be ushering in the holiday spirit as they wind their way down the street.

The Chamber is looking forward to the parade, and I challenge families, organizations and businesses to get out there and light Pagosa! We are so creative for the Fourth of July Parade, just let your creativity shine with a parade at night. OK, so it's a little cold, but throw on a pair of long johns and gloves and join in the fun. After the parade, you can shop at many of the downtown businesses that will be staying open just for you.

Kiwanis Chili Supper

Before the parade, to prepare you for the cold, or after the parade, to warm you back up, you can partake of the Kiwanis Chili Supper. The food service starts at 4:30 p.m. and will last until 7 p.m.

The chili supper will be offered two nights: Friday, Dec. 9 before the parade, and again Saturday, Dec. 10, prior to the Community Choir Christmas performance.

Community Choir

On Friday, Saturday and Sunday, Dec. 9, 10 and 11, the Community Choir will present its annual Christmas concert at the community center.

The concert will be held at 7 p.m. Dec. 9 and 10, and at 4 p.m. Dec. 11. Prior to the Dec. 10 concert, give yourself the evening off and enjoy the Kiwanis Chili Supper if you missed it the night before.

This talented group of performers will warm your heart and highlight the holiday spirit as they sing a wide variety of songs some traditional and some with a little "twist." Take time to enjoy the musical festivities of the holidays with our talented Community Choir.

December SunDowner

I don't know what I was thinking, but Dec. 14 is not the third Wednesday of the month, but it is in the third week of the month. Mark your calendars to go to the Plaid Pony Dec. 14 starting at 5 p.m. for the last of the 2005 season's SunDowners. You know it is going to be fabulous darling, for Michael DeWinter never does anything half- heartedly.

Of course there will be many more holiday events and we will communicate them to you as we become informed. Take time to enjoy the holidays and all the festivities that we have in this community. Of course there will be lots of parties and celebrations, so have fun, don't get too crazed with the frenzy of the season, and be safe.

Chamber newsletter

Don't forget that Friday, Nov. 11, is the deadline for your newsletter inserts to go out in the quarterly Chamber newsletter. We will need 725 copies of your flyer which needs to be in flat form, not folded. The flyer can also be double sided if you like. The cost for placing the inserts into the newsletter is $40. This is a great time to advertise any holiday specials you might be running as the newsletter will come out the first week of December.

This newsletter is also very important for there will be an insert listing the 2006 slate of candidates for the Chamber of Commerce Board of Directors. Voting for the new board members will begin right after the newsletter's publication and you will be able to vote up until the annual meeting on Saturday, Jan. 21. Members will be allowed one vote per business or associate membership and you must be current in your dues with the Chamber. Voting takes place here at the Visitor Center or the night of the annual meeting.

Another important insert will be the Citizen of the Year and Volunteer of the Year flyers. Please, take time to think of those that you would like to see honored in either of these categories.

Voting for these positions will end Monday, Jan. 9, 2006, so that we can order the awards in time for the annual meeting where the winners will be announced. We will also have forms available at the Visitor Center just in case you misplace the one in the newsletter.

Membership news

Let's welcome some new members on board this week starting with Aspen Country Mortgage. Robert Hanson offers mortgages specializing in log home or timber frame homes, structurally insulated panel and modular home construction. His mortgage expertise covers purchases and refinances. Aspen Country Mortgage is conveniently located at 422 Pagosa St., No. 12 or you can give Robert a call at 903-8779. Offering you choices in your lending options.

Then we welcome Dawn and Chris Truax as associate members. Dawn joins as an associate member with Four Seasons Land Company located at 458 Pagosa St. She believes that buying or selling real estate should be fun, so in working with her you will have a great time realizing your dream while being served with honesty and integrity. You can contact her at 264-0246 or visit her site at www.pagosa We thank outgoing board member Angie Gayhart for referring Dawn and Chris to the Chamber. We'll be seeing Angie at an upcoming SunDowner.

Another new kid on the block is Wildflower Catering Company featuring Amy Dunmyer. Actually, Amy took over Page's Leaf Catering from Mary Ann Page who moved to Arizona, and now she is turning heads in her own right. Amy also contributed food to this year's Colorfest wine festival which was terrific. Whether an intimate gathering with friends, a barbecue picnic, or a large banquet, she can create, prepare and serve delicious meals that will make your event special. So if you need a personal chef, catering for a large party or something in between, give Wildflower Catering a call at 731-0885. We love the little treats you bring us, thank you!

Moving over to the renewals this week we start off with Pagosa Springs Family Medicine Center located at 75 S. Pagosa St.

We welcome back Cathie Berry and the Unfortunate Sausage. Alco rejoins us as well. Skywerx Wireless Internet is our next renewal. Joanne Irons and Wrap It Up also renews this week.

Rounding out the renewals is an organization celebrating a sensational year - Chimney Rock Interpretive Association.

Remember, we are still only in November but are planning for December. We haven't even had turkey day yet, so let's not rush the holidays. Everyone start their diets so we can have some food fun with all the sweets about to come through our doors. See you on the treadmill.


Biz Beat

Doors and More

Brian Smith is the new owner of Doors and More, located at 510 Cloman Blvd.

Smith purchased the business from Mike and Melinda Short, who started the business in Pagosa Springs eight years ago. "One of my main challenges is to continue providing the quality of products and the attention to customer service that Mike and Melinda have developed over the years," said Smith.

Doors and More provides a wide variety of doors, molding, trim, lock sets and hardware to contractors and homeowners, and stocks a wide variety of door slabs and jam materials. All doors are prehung on site by trained personnel. There is a four-step inspection process of each door prior to it being shipped to the customer. Specialty doors are ordered from several suppliers.

"It is our goal to provide door installers with a quality product at a competitive price," said Smith. "We are equipped to handle special requests and odd doors."

Doors and More is open from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday. Call 731-9949.


Cards of Thanks

Cross country

The junior high and high school cross country runners and their families would like to extend a sincere and enthusiastic thank you to their coaches - Scott Anderson, Rick Schur and J.D. Kurz - as well as to the coaches' families. We would also like to thank the Pagosa Springs Community Center, the CSU Extension Office and, of course, The Pagosa Springs SUN for its support throughout the cross country season.

You are appreciated.


Civic Club

Once again, the Woman's Civic Club extends a big thanks to all of you who contributed to the success of our annual Holiday Bazaar at the community center on Nov. 5.

Hundreds of you turned out to enjoy our baked goods, cafe and raffle, as well as the merchandise offered by over 50 talented vendors. We appreciate your continued support, and remind you that the monies we raise at this festive event go to the Ruby Sisson Library. The Chamber of Commerce, The SUN, KWUF Radio, Lee Riley and his truck, the community center staff, as well as all the businesses who displayed our advertising posters, were a great help in "getting the word out."

We especially want to thank a few individuals who stepped in to help us at the "tear-down" when the scheduled crew failed to show up. One of our vendors, Terri Andersen, and high school Key Club member, Heather Andersen, along with Larry Hedrick and Bob Henley, stayed to help four Civic Club members dismantle all the pegboard dividers and transport them to the storage unit. Paul Draper and his out of town guests, son Kelly and friend Michael, arrived at the storage unit to help our ladies with the unloading/storage process.

Again, thanks to all for supporting our organization and, in turn, our local library.


Pine Ridge

Thank you to all who helped make Halloween night a great success for the residents of Pine Ridge. Without all the help, this night would not have been possible. Thanks to the Methodist Thrift Store for all the fun costumes and to those who brought candy.

Mary Ann Martinez

activity director



A heartfelt thank you to family, friends, neighbors.

Our family wishes to thank each and every one of you for flowers, food, cards, phone calls, gifts and prayers during this time. All have been greatly appreciated - I'll never be able to tell you how much.

The family of Herbert N. Lattin who earned his rest Oct. 15

Faith E. Lattin



For yet another year, the Civic Club put countless hours of effort into bringing their Holiday Bazaar to Archuleta County. We very much appreciate the fund-raising and the personal support these ladies provide for special needs at our library. Thank you for all you do for us, and in turn for all our library patrons.

Sisson Library staff




Mr. and Mrs. Baltazar Gallegos, Jr., announce the marriage of their daughter, Angela Marie Gallegos, to Jeremy Allen Leverett, son of Mrs. and Mrs. Jimmy Leverett of Farmington, N.M. The couple was wed on Oct. 8, 2005, at Canyon Crest Lodge in Pagosa Springs. They will reside in Farmington, N.M. with their dog, Biggie.

Sports Page

Pirates fumble out of playoffs 45-27

By Randy Johnson

Staff Writer

The keys to winning in state football playoff action against a power-running team are to get up on the opponent early, play mistake-free football, force the opponent out of the power game and use speed to win the football game.

None of these were accomplished Saturday afternoon at Golden Peaks Stadium when the Pirates (8-2, 4-0 in the Intermountain League) turned the ball over six times and virtually fumbled their way out of the playoffs to a big, power-running Holy Family team by a score of 45-27.

The Tigers (7-3, 5-3 in the Metro League) recovered five of six fumbles, and had an interception to gain control and use their power-I running attack to wear down the depleted Pirates in the second half, putting Pagosa one-and-out of playoff action for the third consecutive season. The Pirates had both starting offensive tackles playing hurt and were without their starting center.

Pagosa put the ball on the ground on their first two possessions inside the red zone and the Tigers quickly capitalized to go up 10-0. The Pirates would come back on two quick touchdowns, one a 68-yard run by senior running back Josh Hoffman and the other a 63-yard run by junior quarterback Jordan Shaffer to go up 13-10 at the end of the first period.

It appeared the Pirates would gain the upper hand as junior defensive back Kerry Joe Hilsabeck had a pick-6 when he intercepted Tigers' quarterback Patrick Chappell and returned it 38 yards for the touch to put the home team up 20-10.

The momentum was short-lived, as Pagosa would fumble on their next two possessions. The Tigers responded, but the scoreboard still showed the Pirates in the lead 20-17 going into intermission.

Holy Family would score quickly on their first possession of the second half. Tigers' running back Tim Stockhausen ran 79 yards to the 1 yard line on the first play from scrimmage and 220 lb. fullback Koehler Anderson dove it in to put the visitors up by four. The Pirates answered on a 46-yard touchdown from Shaffer to senior receiver Paul Przybylski to put Pagosa back on top at 27-24 - the last time Pagosa would find the end zone.

And the keys to a Pirates' win went out the door.

The Tigers would come right back when Chappell found receiver Mike Langfield open on a middle screen play for 77 yards and a TD to put their lead at 31-27. Holly Family would score twice more in the fourth from their power-I formation to win going away as the Pirates could not find an answer for Anderson and Stockhausen.

The Tigers put up big numbers with 441 net yards, 331 of those yards on the ground. Anderson carried 31 times for 154 yards and four touchdowns. Stockhausen had 182 yards on 23 carries. Chappell ran for one score and threw for another on 10 completions.

The only Holy Family mistake was the interception return by Hilsabeck.

The Pirates' offense was held to 301 total yards. Hoffman had 83 yards on five carries and a TD. Shaffer had 72 yards and a rushing touch plus 95 yards through the air and another score. Junior running back Corbin Mellette was held to just 51 yards.

First quarter

It all started on the Pirates' first possession. Holy Family won the coin toss and chose to defer to the second half. Pagosa fumbled on the second play from scrimmage and the Tigers recovered on the Pirates' 26 yard line. Five plays later, Chappell ran an 8-yard misdirection play for the touchdown. Sam Glynn's point-after kick was good and the Tigers led with just over three minutes played.

The Pirates fumbled again on the second play of the next possession. Holy Family pounced on it on the Pirates' 19 yard line. A good defensive effort and two Chappell sacks left the Tigers with a fourth down from the 25 yard line. Glynn kicked the 35-yard field goal and the Tigers went up by 10.

The Pirates shook off the early game jitters and answered with three carries by Hoffman. The second went for 13 yards on a Shaffer pitch. Coach Sean O'Donnell called the same play again and Hoffman ran 68 yards untouched for the score. Senior Daniel Aupperle's kick put Pagosa back in the game at 10-7 and it appeared the Pirates' speed might be too much for the Tigers.

The speed came through again on the Pirates' next possession. Shaffer called his own number and out ran the Tigers' defense again for 63 yards and the TD with under a minute showing. The point-after try failed but Pagosa took the lead after one period of play at 13-10.

Second quarter

The momentum continued the Pirates' way. On the second play of the period, Hilsabeck intercepted Chappell and ran it back for the score. The hometown lead increased to 20-10 after Aupperle's kick.

Holy Family went three and out again and put Pagosa in good field position at the Tigers' 40 yard line. But the fumble bug would hit again after a completion from Shaffer to Craig Schutz.

The Tigers recovered on their 39 yard line. Holy Family would mount a nine-play drive to score on Anderson's 8-yard carry. Stockhausen rushed for 38 yards on the drive and Chappell hit Langfield for 12. Glynn's kick reduced the Pirates lead to 20-17 with 5:26 on the clock.

The Pirates fumbled the next kick return giving another gift to Holy Family on Pagosa 16 yard line. The Pirates' defense held big again and the Tigers turned the ball over on downs at the Pagosa 6 yard line. Even though Holy Family didn't score, it was starting to wear down the Pirates' defense. Shaffer hit Aupperle for 15 yards to the 25 yard line but would go three and out from there with less than two minutes remaining.

The Tigers took over on their 18 yard line after a great punt by junior Casey Hart. Holy Family used Anderson and Stockhausen to power their way to the 48 but would have to punt with eight seconds remaining.

Shaffer had a run of 5 yards and the Pirates went to intermission up by three.

Third quarter

Holy Family received the kickoff to open the second period. On the second play from scrimmage, Stockhausen busted up the middle from his tailback position for 79 yards and a first and goal from the 1. Anderson scored from there. Glynn's kick put the Tigers back in the lead at 24-20.

Przybylski had a big kick return of 38 yards to the Pirates' 48 yard line. Pagosa would use a 10-play drive to reach the Tigers' 3 yard line. On fourth and goal, O'Donnell chose to go for the touch but Mellette was stopped short and Holy Family took over on downs from there.

The Tigers would use over three minutes to reach their 32 yard line on Anderson and Stockhausen carries before running out of downs and a punt to the Pagosa 45 yard line.

With 2:26 remaining, Shaffer found Przybylski open on a post route and the 46-yard score. Aupperle's kick put the home team up 27-24.

The backbreaker came on the Tigers' next possession. On the second play, Chappell found Langfield on the 77-yard catch and run screen play. The point after was good and the visitors went up 31-27.

Pagosa used a four-play drive and a 10-yard run by Shaffer to put the ball on their 32 yard line to end the quarter.

Fourth quarter

On the first play of the quarter Shaffer's arm was hit as he was throwing and the lame duck was intercepted by the Tigers' Paul Schietinger on the Pirates' 32 yard line. Anderson carried four times from his fullback position to score from three yards out. The score now read 38-27.

The Pirates' next possession ended on yet another fumble recovery by Holy Family at the Pagosa 42 yard line. Anderson could not be stopped as he carried four more times for his fourth score. Glynn's kick put the score at 45-27 with just under eight minutes remaining.

With 5:11 showing, Shaffer found Przybylski on a 19-yard Pirates' completion to the 49 yard line, but an offensive pass interference call ended the drive.

The Tigers took over on their 36 yard line and used 10 plays to reach the Pagosa 2 yard line. Anderson had six carries for 25 yards and Stockhausen 32 yards on three touches. Chappell ran out the clock from there.

The emotions were high for both players and coaches following the final whistle. O'Donnell praised his team for the fine season but indicated "it is really difficult to win a football game with the number of turnovers we had, especially against a good team like Holy Family. Playing without our starting center and having both tackles playing hurt made it hard for us to compete."

In other 2A playoff action last week:

Brush (9-1, 5-0) def. Monte Vista (8-3, 3-1) 14-13.


Score by quarters

Holy Family 10, 7, 14, 14 - 45

Pagosa Springs 13, 7, 7, 0 - 27


First quarter

8:47 HF - Chappell 8-yard run (Glynn kick)

3:42 HF - Glynn 35-yard field goal

2:44 PS - Hoffman 68-yard run (Aupperle kick)

:40 PS - Shaffer 63-yard run (kick failed)

Second quarter

11:45 PS - Hilsabeck 38-yard interception return (Aupperle kick)

5:34 HF - Anderson 8-yard run (Glynn kick)

Third quarter

11:34 HF - Anderson 1-yard run (Glynn kick)

2:26 PS - Przybylski 46-yard completion from Shaffer (Aupperle kick)

1:31 HF - Langfield 77-yard completion from Chappell (Glynn kick)

Fourth quarter

9:53 HF - Anderson 3-yard run (Glynn kick)

7:59 HF - Anderson 1-yard run (Glynn kick)


Pirates in the Lion's den

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

Volleyball fans in attendance at Saturday's Class 3A Region A tournament got a chance to see the Colorado Springs Christian Lions in action.

Unfortunately for Pirate fans, as well as those rooting for Holy Family and St. Mary's, they got to see arguably the best high school volleyball team in the state, in any classification, in action against their favorites.

Soundly defeating their favorites.

The Lions thrashed each of their three regional opponents, beginning with Pagosa Springs - a possibility not lost on the Pirates and their coach, Andy Rice, prior to the contest. While not conceding the victory, the team and staff knew the Pirates' realistic chance of advancing to the state tournament would be had against Holy Family and St. Mary's - not CSCS.

The Lions dispatched Pagosa 3-0, as they did their other two opponents during the day. The Colorado Springs team did so by building large leads in two of three games, and putting together unmatchable runs of points on the way to the victories.

In the first game of the match against the Pirates, CSCS managed to take a 12-2 lead, running an offense that began with near-perfect passes to the setter and transitioned quickly to a balanced attack from all points on the net.

The Pirates scored on a Lion attack hit out of bounds and on a kill off the block by senior outside hitter Emily Buikema. Pagosa got a third point when Buikema's tip found the floor.

With the Lions ahead 13-3, Caitlin Forrest scored on a 1 for Pagosa and, with the host team in the lead 16-5, having given up a point on a passing error, Kim Canty swept successfully off the pass for a point.

At that point, CSCS put together an eight-point run, getting a raft of charity points on Pirate mistakes. Forrest killed to the back row for Pagosa's seventh and final point before a Pirate serve error gave the Lion's the first game of the match, 25-7.

In the second game, Pagosa stayed close in the early going, getting the first point on a Lion serve error then scoring on kills from Kari Beth Faber and Liza Kelley to trail 6-7.

Behind 11-7 on yet another serve error - a problem that would hurt the Pirates in other matches - Pagosa got a point from Buikema on a sweep off the pass. Then, two CSCS runs - of four and three points respectively, broken only by a charity point on a serve mistake.

Another Lion serve went out and an attack went out. Pagosa trailed 18-11.

The hosts surged ahead at that point, getting the 25-13 victory, giving up two points with serve mistakes.

Rice knew he had to rest his starters to prepare them for the matches against Holy Family and St. Mary's so, for the third game of the match against CSCS, the coach subbed in five of six spots on the floor, bringing some of his younger players into the fray, giving them a taste of high school volleyball at its best - with an eye toward the future.

Into the game came Kim Fulmer, Camille Rand, Lindsey Mackey, Alaina Garman and Laci Jones, to work with starting setter Kim Canty. Later in the rotation, Jennifer Haynes joined her teammates on the court.

The Lions built a 12-0 lead before giving up a point on a serve error.

With her team trailing 14-1, Fulmer killed for a point and the Lions hit a ball out.

Forrest returned to the court to put a tip down for a score and a Lion ran into the net. CSCS led 15-5.

Then, the lightning-quick CSCS attack went into gear and ran off eight unanswered points.

Fulmer killed again, this time off the block. The Lions gave up three more charity points with serve errors and a net violation before ending the affair, 25-9.

"We came out of the match little shell shocked," said Rice. "It took us a game to get settled in, but I thought we did pretty well in the second game, relatively speaking."

The most valuable aspects of the experience, according to the coach were the chance to play against an offense similar to that being put in place in the Pirate program, and survival.

"We talk about running a quick offense here: well, we had the chance to see the essence of the quick offense. Even if you know where the attack is going, the ball goes to the hitter so fast you're in a one-on-one defense. It confirms what we're trying to do - what we will do. Beyond that, our kids did OK; we tried to get some young blood in there to let them see what it's like at the highest level. It was good experience and, more than that, they didn't let it bother them."


Kills: Buikema and Forrest 3 each, Kelley and Fulmer 2 each

Assists: Canty 9

Solo blocks: Buikema 1

Aces: none

Digs: Kelley 5, Howell 5


Pirates drop tourney match to Tigers

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

Any opportunity for one of the three teams visiting Colorado Springs Christian High School for Saturday's Region A volleyball tournament to eke out a win over the hosts rested on the chance the home team would be kidnapped prior to the event.

It wasn't going to happen.

The three visitors, however, were evenly matched, and the second spot on the state tournament roster would be decided in head-to-head action among them.

Pagosa had a chance to tame the Holy Family Tigers and take a step toward the state event, but saw the opportunity disappear following a 3-1 loss to the Metro League team.

Holy Family showed up with Class 3A's leading hitter - Mo McReynolds. Pagosa showed up with a plan to stop McReynolds at the net, and the plan worked. The 5-11 hitter was not a major factor in the action.

The problem: The Pirates' lack of consistency and execution at critical junctures - failures in fundamental aspects of the game that have dogged the team all season long.

The Pirates took a 1-0 lead in the first game of the match as Kari Beth Faber killed off the Holy Family block. The Tigers then put together six unanswered points, getting five of the points on Pagosa errors.

Danielle Spencer took back serve with a tip off the pass and it was the Tigers' turn to make the mistakes, dishing out three charity points.

Pagosa could not tie the game, however, and trailed the Tigers until the stretch run.

That's when things got exciting, and when the Pirates realized they could turn the tables on their opponents. Behind 20-13, Pagosa made a move. It would be one of the better moments in the Pirates' 2005 season.

Faber killed on two rallies, the Tigers hit a ball into the net and Iris Frye aced a serve for Pagosa. Faber and Caitlin Forrest stuffed McReynolds for a point and Kim Canty swept a ball to the floor off the pass. Pagosa was behind 19-20.

A Pirate serve error surrendered a point, but Forrest crushed a 1 and Liza Kelley tipped over the block to tie the score 21-21. Faber hit an ace, Forrest again connected on the quick set to the middle and Kelley killed through the Tiger block. A Holy Family hit went out of bounds and Pagosa had the first game of the match, 25-21.

The momentum carried over to the early part of the second game as the Pirates went in front 7-2. Holy Family closed ground, staying a point or two behind through the midsection of the contest. With her team ahead 18-17, Spencer nailed a slide to the right side for a score then came back to kill cross-court. Emily Buikema put a ball down and the Pirates were in a good position, at 21-17, to push ahead for the win.

The Tigers, however, scored two earned points, then got two gifts from Pagosa - the first on an attack out of bounds, the second on a serve error - one of many that damaged the Pirates' chances during the day.

Faber killed from the back row to put the Pirates ahead 22-21, but McReynolds killed off the block and the Tigers hit an ace. A Holy Family stuff of a tip and a Pagosa ball hit out gave the Tigers the 25-22 win and tied the match at 1-1.

The Pirates built a formidable 9-1 lead in the third game, getting points on a quick attack by Buikema, an ace by Kelley, a kill on an overpass by Spencer, another kill by Buikema and a point off an errant Tiger pass by Forrest.

The Pirates continued to lead 15-9 as Spencer nailed a slide. The junior middle hitter put the advantage at 16-10 with a 1 to the corner.

Two three-point Holy Family runs, countered by single Pagosa points, tied the score at 18-18.

Forrest converted a 1, but the Tigers replied in kind.

Kelley killed line and the Tigers' attack went into the net. Pagosa led 21-19.

Then, a disastrous four-point run by the Tigers, three of the four points giveaways by the Pirates. Canty stuffed an overpass for a point, but two Pirate errors handed the Tigers the 25-23 win.

Pagosa led only once in the final game of the match, 1-0. But the teams were close throughout the action, with the Pirates drawing to within one - 15-16 - at midgame.

A Tiger block resulted in a point, but Buikema responded with a tip down the line.

A five-point Tiger run widened the gap and put the game out of reach. Holy Family scored off the block then scored with a stuff. Pagosa was called for a lift and the Tigers blocked for a point. A Pirate pass went above the net and McReynolds tipped for a score.

Forrest made a valiant effort, killing for a 17th point and tipping for another.

Holy Family put a ball down for a score. Pagosa got one more point, courtesy a Tiger attack out of bounds. A Pirate serve went out and an attack was outside the line. Holy Family had the game 25-19, and the match.

Pirate coach Andy Rice was disappointed with his team's inconsistency, but saw no lack of spirit as the squad played the Tigers immediately after a match with Colorado Springs Christian.

"The good thing about this match is our players didn't let the match with CSCS bother them," he said. "They came out and won the first game."

On the down side, Rice noted the debilitating effect of mistakes. "It was a tough loss," he said. "We could have beaten them if we had played better. We did a good job shutting down their top hitter, but our mistakes got to us. Not everyone had their best game; we never quite had everyone clicking at the same time, and it cost us. Holy Family had a decent defense, with some sound play in the back row, but they were beatable."


Kills: Spencer 13, Buikema 12, Faber 9

Assists: Canty 35

Solo blocks: Canty and Spencer 2 each

Aces: Faber 2, Frye and Kelley 1 each

Digs: Kelley 20, Faber 19


Pirates' season ends with loss to St. Mary's

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

The Pirate volleyball team's final match at the Region A Tournament Saturday was against St. Mary's of Colorado Springs.

The two programs have met many times over the years, beginning in 1994, and each has had its turn in the winner's circle.

This time, it was St. Mary's' turn and a 3-1 win over Pagosa sent the team to the Class 3A state tourney and put the Pirates on the road home, their season complete.

As with a loss earlier in the day to Holy Family, this was a match the Pirates could have won. With consistent play and better execution.

As in most of the action during the tournament, the Pirates got off to a slow start in game one, falling behind St. Mary's and their leader, Kaitlyn Burkett, 10-3.

The Pirates generated some momentum midgame, riding a successful 1 and a kill of an overpass by senior middle hitter Caitlin Forrest to trail 5-10. With the Colorado Springs team ahead 12-5, Pagosa fashioned a three-point run, courtesy three St. Mary's errors and point on a soft shot by senior outside Liza Kelley.

Pagosa continued to trail, falling behind 17-9, then 21-12. At that point, the Pirates seemed to realize they could hang with St. Mary's and they scored six points to St. Mary's' two, getting a soft ace from Kelley and a kill from senior outside Kari Beth Faber. Trailing 23-18, the Pirates lost the momentum. Two St. Mary's kills brought the game to an end, 25-18.

Pagosa attempted to battle back in the second game, getting kills from Kelley, junior middle Danielle Spencer (who had her finest performance of the year, with 13 kills on 19 swings), Faber and senior outside Emily Buikema to lead 6-5. The teams stayed close, to 15-15, the Pirates getting earned points from Forrest on blocks and kills, on a kill by Spencer, and on a block from Forrest and setter Kim Canty. Forrest tipped to tie the score and Kelley nailed a kill to give the Pirates a short-lived lead.

The key in the run to the wire was inconsistent serving by the Pirates. Twice, the team gave up serve and a point with an error, and the damage was insurmountable.

The teams tied at 17, at 18 and at 19 when Canty tipped off the pass.

Then, Burkett moved to the front row and took over. The 6-1 St. Mary's senior scored twice with kills. Pagosa committed consecutive hitting errors, then got a point back on a hitting mistake on the other side of the net.

A Pirate serve went out to put St. Mary's up 24-10 and the next point, and the game, went to the team from Colorado Springs.

Down 2-0, it would take a mighty effort from the Pirates to stay in contention.

And it was just such an effort that occurred.

Pagosa shot out to a 5-1 lead, with a kill from Buikema and an ace by Kelley. Faber put her team ahead 6-2 and, from there, the teams battled back and forth until they were tied midgame at 16-16.

Faber killed off the block, but a lack of a block on Pagosa's side of the net gave up a point.

Kelley scored from the back row, but a St. Mary's hit went down off the block.

Kelley killed for the advantage; St. Mary's tipped for the tie. Burkett responded with a kill for the 21-20 lead.

A St. Mary's passing error gave away a point; Burkett put her team ahead with a blast from outside.

A St. Mary's serve went into the net. Game tied, 21-21.

Forrest nailed an errant St. Mary's pass for a 22-21 lead.

Burkett killed cross court against a flat-footed Pirate back row. A St. Mary's attack went out. Pagosa was in front, 23-22.

Junior defensive specialist Mariah Howell went to the serve line for the Pirates and hit an ace, putting her team one point from victory, 24-22.

St. Mary's responded with a kill off the block but, on the next exchange, a St. Mary's player committed a passing error and the game went to the Pirates, 25-23.

Pagosa was still alive and, but for several key serve errors, would have taken the fourth game of the match.

St. Mary's controlled the first half of the game, going out to a 14-9 lead, the Pirates giving away serve and three points with mistakes at the line.

Spencer came up big with a 1 to the back line. Buikema converted a quick set. Canty hit an ace.

Burkett came back with a kill and Spencer answered her from the middle. Pagosa trailed 15-13

Burkett hit line, a Pirate attack went out of bounds, a cross-court kill went untouched by Pirate blockers and back row, a St. Mary's block put them ahead 19-13.

Spencer answered again with a 1 and Buikema put a right-handed soft shot to the floor.

Burkett gave yet another point to her team with a dump off the pass, but the Pirates put together a five-point run, to tie at 20-20, getting an ace from Howell, a point on a block by Forrest and Canty and a score when a free ball fell at the feet of St. Mary's defenders.

Burkett scored with a tip and a Pirate attack went out. St. Mary's, 22-20.

Forrest came up big with a 1 to close the gap but the Pirates were called for four hits. Forrest scored to narrow the margin to 23-22 before Burkett finished the game with two kills, one off the block, the other an of-speed shot that went down.

When the ball hit wood, the Pirates' season was over.

"I thought there were times when Burkett took over," said Coach Andy Rice. "We tried to serve away from her, and she would go get it. Experience showed: St. Mary's played better, but we showed some heart and didn't quit. We got into too big a hole and we had serve errors. When I called for a short serve, we put it into the net. But, Burkett is a great player and she beat us. We had too many errors to overcome her - key missed serves and poor passing."


Kills: Spencer 13, Kelley and Forrest 9 each

Assists: Canty 34

Aces: Kelley and Howell 2 each

Solo blocks: Faber 2

Digs: Faber 17, Kelley 14.


Pagosa Springs Recreation

Redefining the word 'winner'

By Myles Gabel

SUN Columnist

Sports teaches us many things. Sports are a lot of fun to play, and through sports we learn important lessons that can help us later in life. I know that I learned a lot from playing competitive sports when I was younger.

A goal is a good thing to have when you play sports. I would like to introduce a new goal to our programs. It's called "Act like a winner to be a winner."

If you asked kids about winners they would answer in different ways. Most kids would answer, "The one who has the most points at the end of the game."

Of course, that is one kind of winner, being the team that has the most points at the end of the game. And we want to be that kind of winner. We should want to work as hard as we can to win as many games as we can.

There is another kind of winner, though, that is just as important. That is a winner in life. I hope we want our kids to learn from our programs how to be a winner in everything we do, not just in sports.

To be a winner we need to start acting like a winner. And a winner is someone who is working for mastery of whatever activity he or she is doing. So, in our youth programs, we want to work to be the best individual we can be and the best team we can be.

Acting like a winner involves three things. It means:

1. Giving your best effort every time.

2. Continuing to learn and improve.

3. Not letting mistakes (or fear of making a mistake) stop you.

If you do these three things, you are acting like a winner, and you will be a winner in life as well as in sports.

More information on this subject is available from the Positive Coaching Alliance. PCA was established at Stanford University in 1998. PCA believes that winning is a goal in youth sports but that there is a second, more important goal of using sports to teach life lessons through positive coaching. Positive Coaching Alliance (PCA) provides live, research-based training workshops and practical tools for coaches, parents and leaders who operate youth sports programs.

Youth basketball

Youth Basketball signups ended Oct. 28. Assessment day will be held at 8 a.m. Saturday, Nov. 19, at the community center. Our 9/10s will meet at 8 followed by the 11/12s at 9:30.

If you have questions, contact the recreation office at 264-4151.


Referees are needed for the upcoming 9/10 and 11/12 youth basketball season. No previous experience is necessary; we will guide you through the process.

Contact me at 264-4151 if you are interested.

Adult volleyball

Adult Volleyball is postponed for a couple of weeks as we begin youth basketball. We will resume adult volleyball after the Thanksgiving holiday period.

Sports hotline

Information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department can be found by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to and going to the Parks and Recreation link. All schedules and upcoming events are updated every Monday morning.

More information

For additional information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, or to express any concerns, contact me at 264-4151, Ext. 232



The lessons of sport

The school fall sport season came to an end Saturday as the last lo-cal teams were eliminated in postseason playoffs. No doubt there are disappointed players, parents and fans in town, but the occasion gives us pause to reflect on matters of greater significance to be found in the experience.

We had numerous opportunities this fall to appreciate the abilities, skills and efforts of our young people. We were entertained and had the opportunity to indulge the clichés - pondering the notion that sport builds character (though we maintain character is created at home, long before a child plays a sport); touting the values of teamwork, camaraderie, discipline; supporting the idea it is better to have youngsters involved in extra-curricular activities than wandering the streets after school.

We also used the end of the season to reflect on negative things about schoolkid sport - notably the behavior of many fans and parents who, blind to their need to live through the activities of children, fail to recognize the corrosive effects of their poor behavior - whether at the stadium or the dinner table.

We had time at season's end to realize sport is a great teacher, for those open to the lessons.

Sport can teach us about our physical and mental limitations, about realizing potential. It illuminates the fact we each have our own thresholds. One cannot attain an ideal standard when one participates in sport; we eventually confront the fact of our limitations. Very few have the genetic and emotional makeup to achieve athletic greatness. In sport we also find an indicator of inevitable physical decline; we have the opportunity, considering sport, to come to grips with corporeal fallibility.

Sport illuminates emotional and psychological strengths and shortcomings. Competition and its stresses highlight abilities to overcome challenges and adversities, but also isolate weaknesses, reveal points beyond which one cannot go, challenges one cannot surmount, allow participants to test limits, push them and, ultimately, come to peace with them.

Finally, in loss (which every athlete experiences) there are great lessons to be learned - perhaps more valuable than those learned in victory. Primary is the fact one is not always the best, not always the most precious, the most accomplished.

This is a perception our society now works very hard to erase, to keep from its young people, Thankfully, it is still obvious in sport.

We live in a time when self-esteem is cultivated and highly prized. Look at political correctness. Look at schools, where self esteem is taken to absurd lengths - where teachers are often told not to use red ink to grade papers, lest it harm a child's self image, much less give a failing grade. Look at inflated grading systems and bumper sticker education in which parents trumpet their child's place on a school honor roll - a list including the majority of students in the school, few of whom have satisfied any rigorous academic demands. Or the home, where parents are more concerned with being a child's friend, avoiding conflict rather than producing a disciplined and civil child. Consider parents who will rescue a child rather than make demands and impose standards of decent conduct at home and in public.

Everyone has to be a winner.

But, in reality, we can't. Sport can teach youngsters, and parents, a better lesson: You can and sometimes will lose, and you still have choices - to realistically analyze loss; to determine what can be done to improve; to value the aspects of the experience not changed by the adversity of loss: effort, dedication, persistence. You can learn humility.

The lessons are there in sport this season in Pagosa Country. With luck, they will be absorbed and used for a long time to come, to a positive end.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

Aggies, corduroy hat recalled

By Richard Walter

SUN Columnist

Anyone who had an aggie was the envy of the marble-playing crowd in Pagosa in the mid 1040s.

Aggies, for agate, were thought to be the best possible marbles for shooters because they were harder, more dense, and thus packed a bigger wallop - even if you had a weak thumb.

They were protected with stern glances if anyone even thought of touching an aggie belonging to another.

Still, they weren't the only prized marbles.

Everyone needed a good lagger. It was bigger, heavier, and when lagged might push another's out of position for the right to first shot.

It wasn't unusual to find groups of younger children playing marbles in all sections of town on a summer evening.

They were friendly games, but they were games of possession. You could lose up to 20 marbles a night - an arbitrary limit in my neighborhood.

I remember losing lot, but never the whole 20. In fact, somewhere in the vast recesses of our home, I know there still exists a tin can filled with marbles won from other players.

I was triggered into thinking about marbles when someone asked me if I could recall any really prized posession from my youth and, if so, if I still had it?

Perhaps the most prized possession I can recall, however, would probably no be the first in most male grownup memories.

It was a corduroy hat, soft brimmed and a peculiar shade of purple.

It became a constant part of my apparel for special activities- like bike riding, but more importantly, fishing.

It was the perfect fit, protected my eyes and scalp from the sun, and was, with its fine ribbed definition, a perfect place to keep spare hooks when I went fishing.

I can't remember where it came from. I'm sure my mother didn't purchase it for me, but it became the center of my outdoor world.

I fitted a cord to it so I could tighten it down in a strong wind and could go full speed on the bicycle without fear of losing it.

And then, one day working downstream on the Piedra from the upper bridge, I waded into the middle to get a better angle for a cast to a hole where a rainbow surely was waiting.

I hadn't tightened the cord because there was no wind.

As I stepped into deeper water, however, I encountered a stone that had never been there before and slipped foreward.

Struggling to right myself and not be embarrassed should anyone see me fall, I accidentally tipped the hat off while struggling to remain upright.

You can't imagine my chagrin as I saw it dip and turn on the early spring current, rapidly trailing away from me.

I reeled in and tried casting to snag it but missed the first try by a foot and then it was out of reach.

I went to the shore and ran downstream, watching for the hat to pop up on driftwood or against a rock. I never saw it again.

I guess the moral is that one must guard a prized possession against himself and others.




90 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 12, 1915

Three women were arrested in Pagosa Junction this week on a charge of keeping a disorderly house. Their hearing was set for the 2nd day of December.

A young Mexican boy was hailed into county court this week charged with juvenile delinquency. He was found not guilty and was discharged.

In reporting the fire loss of Gene Turner last week, a knot head statement was made that only one ton of straw was lost. The fact was that all the straw was lost, about 4,000 pounds of grain out of the total crop being saved.

Tuesday the Odd Fellows finished the fencing of their burying ground in Hilltop.

 75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 14, 1930

At this writing a storm is brewing, with the prospects of a first-class snow storm before the day is over.

The November term of district court for Archuleta County, scheduled to be held at Pagosa Springs Tuesday, was continued until the next term last Saturday by Judge W. N. Search. Probably for the first time in the history of the county, there were no civil or criminal cases ready for trial, nor action of any kind to be taken, hence the court felt that no unnecessary expense should be made under the circumstances.

While assisting in breaking a bronco at the Montroy ranch Sunday, Edwin Bramwell was kicked in the left hip by the animal and badly injured. He will be confined about eight weeks.

 50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 10, 1955

At a meeting Tuesday night of this week the Town Board voted to hold a bond election for the purpose of purchasing a new fire truck for the town. The election will be held as soon as the necessary legal formalities have been complied with. The proposal that will be presented to the qualified electors of the town will be to issue $10,000 worth of bonds for the purpose of buying a new truck and necessary equipment. This bond issue will buy the new truck, complete with pump and other equipment that is needed.

The Volunteer Fire Department has proved to be a very efficient organization and undoubtedly will give the town some of the very best protection possible with new equipment.

 25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 13, 1980

Tracy Bunning, a member of the Pagosa Public Safety Office for the past four years , has been named as the new chief of police for the town of Pagosa Springs. The town now has two police officers, Charlene Lancing and Robert Lancing.

Dr. Jay Swedberg last week met with the Colorado Health Facilities Review Council to present proposed plans for an enlarged medical facility in this community. The council gave preliminary approval to the plans. The study points out that the nearest medical facilities are 60 miles away in Durango, and that an updated facility here will foster improved quality of health and medical and health care. The study further states that a need does exist for a larger, more modern facility.



Pagosa woman injured in riding accident crawls to safety

By Kate Collins

Staff Writer

"I got one foot in the stirrup and it felt like a bomb went off under me."

October 22 was a typical, lovely autumn afternoon in Pagosa Country when Susan Hittson, 66, corralled a mule that her sister, Cynthia Myers, purchased with a five-day trial period from an Oklahoma breeder.

Myers had been dispatched by the American Red Cross to help victims of Hurricane Katrina, and Hittson volunteered to take the mule on a test ride near her summer residence in the Meadows subdivision west of Pagosa Springs.

Hittson recalled that the mule seemed "antsy" even as she saddled her.

"I've got pictures of myself in a saddle as a baby," said Hittson. "I'm not a greenhorn - I've loved horses and ridden all my life. I remember Linda Parelli saying 'If you don't feel comfortable about a horse, get off - or don't even get on.'"

Hittson dismounted and walked with the mule until dusk. Anxious to return to her house, she decided to "just get on and ride home." When Hittson was halfway in the saddle, the mule bucked and bolted, tossing Hittson into the air. When Hittson regained her bearings, she realized she could not stand, and pain shot through her left leg. The mule was long gone.

"I didn't think anyone would find me," recalls Hittson. The sun was buried behind the mountains, and twilight set in as Hittson began to push and drag herself along the ground toward the nearest house, several hundred yards away.

The terrain was "mud and rocks and cactus" and soon Hittson's hands became sore. She stopped every few minutes to pick cactus needles out of her palms and to call for help. Hittson used the only resources she had - her riding helmet and a stick - to protect her hands and to push off of rocks as her tedious journey continued.

Covered in mud and engulfed in pain, Hittson was determined not to give up. "You just have to block off the pain. I kept telling myself 'If you don't keep going, you're going to get hypothermia.' That propelled me to keep going."

Hittson focused on the nearest house, and three and a half hours later she made her way to the lights shining through the windows. When she was within earshot, she once again called out for help. Jim Smith opened the door and came to Hittson's aid, accompanied by a hunting partner, Clay Stubbs, a veterinarian from Johnson City, Texas.

"I heard something when Jim and I checked on our horses, but I thought it was a goat," Stubbs explained to Hittson.

"I was so cold by the time they picked me up," said Hittson. "I couldn't get warm. I think I was close to hypothermia and shock."

Smith and Stubbs helped Hittson to a standing position and lifted her into Smith's pickup truck. They raced to the local clinic, but found the doors locked. Smith dialed 9-1-1 on his cell phone and drove Hittson to her home. Hittson was unable to walk unassisted, so Smith gathered her necessities and brought them to her as the ambulance arrived.

"Jim Smith and I had never met before," explained Hittson, "But he was just wonderful. He said, 'Don't worry about a thing, Susan. You get into the ambulance and get fixed up.' Jim fed my horses, my dog - he even called me at the hospital."

"I wish we would've been able to help her sooner," said Smith. "She probably crawled seven or eight hundred feet."

Hittson arrived at Durango's Mercy Medical Center after midnight.

"The surgeon said it was one of the worst breaks he's ever seen; said my bone was just in fragments. Like when you smash something that is frozen," said Hittson. Hittson's femur was shattered just below the hip. Dr. Paul Dvirnak, a surgeon with Animas Orthopedic Associates, used a plate and "a bunch of screws" to rebuild the bone. Hittson cannot place any weight on her leg for at least six to eight weeks. She is currently convalescing at the Pine Ridge Extended Care Center.

"The doctor said I can't go home. If I stumbled, I might accidentally put weight on it, and that would undo what the doctor did in surgery." Hittson is currently in physical therapy to strengthen her arms and her uninjured leg. Her goal is to be walking and rising from a chair with the aid of a walker by early December. Hittson is hoping to then return to her home in Kanab, Utah, to escape the worst of Pagosa's winter weather.

Hittson's leg will be x-rayed this week to check on the healing thus far. "Healing will be slow since it's such a massive fracture," she said.

The Oklahoma breeder picked up the mule from Hittson's property last week after Myers decided not to keep it. Hittson attests that she and her sister had a written agreement with the mule breeder stating they would receive a full refund if they did not wish to keep the animal after the five-day trial period. To date, Myers has received no money from the breeder.

"That hurts me more than anything," said Hittson. "That Cynthia got snookered."

Hittson's advice to riders and those who enjoy the outdoors: "First, riding alone at that time of night is dumb, but everyone does it. Second, pay attention to your horse. Third, make a complete sentence if you need to call for help, like 'Please help me!,' so you're understood. I didn't think I sounded like a goat, but that's what Clay heard."

Hittson maintains a remarkably positive attitude, and continues to look at life through a humorous lens. "It's nice to have [great] friends and family. I have a real good horse. Just don't trust anyone who raises mules in Oklahoma!"


Local blood drive set

United Blood Services will hold a blood drive 1-6 p.m. Thursday, Nov. 17. The drive will take place at Mountain Heights Baptist Church, 1044 Park Ave. An ID is required of all donors. You can sign up for the blood drive at www.united


San Juan Basin Health

office closed

San Juan Basin Health will be closed Nov. 17 and 18 due to construction. Staff apologizes for any inconvenience this might cause. The office will reopen at 8 a.m. Nov. 21.


Emergency homeless

prevention program

In 2004-2005, Housing Solutions for the Southwest counseled 249 families with a total of 69 emergency homeless families assisted in the five-county region. Housing counseling includes foreclosure prevention, services for the homeless, landlord/tenant mediation, budgeting, money management, the eviction process, renters rights and search assistance for suitable housing. This is on-going counseling and is intended to assist families in stabilizing their households over a long period of time. For information, contact Housing Solutions, 295 Girard St., Durango, 259-1086.


Judicial district

hosts program

The Sixth Judicial District Minority Over Representation Project/Probation Department is sponsoring a free-of-charge cultural diversity training for professionals from public institutions, nonprofit organizations, and interested community members working with minority groups in the Sixth Judicial District (Archuleta, La Plata and San Juan counties), who want to enhance their understanding of diversity issues.

This event will take place 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Nov. 15 at the La Plata County Fairgrounds, 2500 Main Ave., Durango, in the Florida Room.


Pagosa's Past

Sheridan visits Pagosa, Fort Lewis moves

By John M. Motter

PREVIEW Columnist

Fort Lewis was begun in 1878 in Pagosa Springs in answer to perceived hostilities with the Southern Ute Indians.

Even before building was completed on the Pagosa site, Army plans changed. By 1880, the Army was looking for a site further west. What was wrong with the Pagosa site?

Several reasons can be given for the change.

First, when planning for the fort began, it was assumed that a Southern Ute Reservation would be located on the headwaters of the Piedra, San Juan, Blanco and Navajo rivers. Such a plan had been approved in the field by negotiators representing the Army, U.S. government and the Southern Utes. It turns out that Congress never approved the proposed reservation site. It might be assumed that, by the time the proposal reached Congress, new facts appeared that made approval impractical.

We know that by the time construction on Fort Lewis began in Pagosa Springs, civilian squatters had already dropped roots into the town site, fort site, and across the six-square mile reservation. Removing the squatters presented a serious challenge for the Army.

Making the effort to remove the squatters even less palatable were two additional developments. Most of the Southern Utes were living a considerable distance west of Pagosa Springs. At the same time, a large proportion of settlers were also located west of Pagosa Springs in close proximity to the Utes. It was a plain fact that troops could not be moved from Pagosa Springs to the Animas, La Plata and Mancos watersheds in time to protect the fast-growing civilian population there if the Utes decided to strike suddenly.

Pagosa presented serious supply problems, as well. When all of the facts and conditions were analyzed, a move west seemed the smart thing to do. Following a whirlwind visit to the area in 1880, Lt. Gen. Phil Sheridan agreed. Sheridan, of Civil War fame, toured the vicinity in an Army horse-drawn ambulance, his favorite conveyance for seeing the West.

While on his way from Animas City to Pagosa Springs, Sheridan spent the night at Peterson's road house at the crossing of the Piedra just west of Chimney Rock. Peterson's place and the bridge crossing the river were about one mile south of the present bridge. Later, Peterson's building was moved by the Farrow family to a point north of the present bridge, where it remains today. I'm not certain if the building that remains is the original building or of newer construction. I am sure the current building formerly stood at the old site. If it can be shown that Sheridan spent the night there under Peterson's care, the building surely deserves a commemorative marker of some kind.

In any case, plans continued for moving Fort Lewis west. Sites were investigated on the La Plata and Mancos rivers south of the San Juan Mountains and in the Gunnison area north of the mountains. I suppose the Army was considering two forts because of the not inconsiderable difficulty in crossing the San Juans in a hurry.

Correspondence concerning the pending move was voluminous. Consider the following July 14, 1880, request from Lt. Col. Crofton commanding the 13th Infantry Companies A, B, C, D and E. "Sir, I respectfully request that the following mechanics be assigned and forwarded to each of the companies of this command as soon as possible. 1 blacksmith, 1 bricklayer, 1 carpenter, 1 mason, 1 plasterer, 1 painter, 1 tinsmith, w wheelwright. This battalion is about to build a new post on the Rio Mancos, Colorado, and the services of the mechanics asked for will be greatly needed.:

Motter's note: Contrary to what appears to be happening, the new post was not built on the Mancos River, but on the La Plata River at Hesperus. More next week.


Pagosa Sky Watch

Night sky changing as winter approaches

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The moon is waxing gibbous tonight, and according to data from the United States Naval Observatory, about 69 percent of its visible disk will be illuminated.

On Nov. 10, the moon will rise at 2:16 p.m. and will set at 1:49 a.m. Nov. 11.

A full moon will illuminate Pagosa Country Nov. 15 at 5:58 p.m.

With winter settling in, the night sky is changing. The prominent summer stars and constellations are gradually being replaced by the telltale celestial signs of winter.

In this transitional period, two water-related constellations, Cetus, the whale, and Pisces, the fish, take prominent positions almost due south in the sky at around 10 p.m Nov. 10.

Cetus is one of the largest constellations in our night sky and its outline depicts either a sea monster or whale depending on the mythological tradition. Despite the constellation's size, it is not very distinct, nor particularly visible in the night sky. The reason is that its outline is dispersed over a wide area and only a few of its 14 principle stars are actually visible with the naked eye. Nevertheless, there are a few object of interest for the naked eye observer.

Beginning in the northernmost, pentagon-shaped segment of the constellation lies

Alpha Ceti, or Menkar (meaning "nose"), a magnitude 2.5 red giant.

From Menkar, traveling southwest away and down the thin strand of stars that connects the northern segment to the larger southern segment, lies omicron Ceti, or, Mira, "the amazing one."

Mira is a part of a class of stars called the red-giant, long variables. Stars in this class vary in magnitude over a relatively long period of time. For example, Mira varies between third magnitude and ninth magnitude over a 332 day period. During that time, the star changes in diameter from about 400 times, to 500 times the diameter of our sun.

From Mira, travelling southwest again to the larger, lower segment of the constellation lies beta Ceti, also known as Deneb Kaitos, or the "tail of the whale." Deneb Kaitos is a magnitude 2.0 orange giant and is the brightest star in the constellation.

The final key star in the constellation, tau Ceti, lies east of Deneb Kaitos. Tau Ceti is a magnitude 3.5 yellow, main sequence star lying 11.9 light years away. Of all the nearby single stars, tau Ceti is most like our sun, but astronomers are yet to discover if planets orbit tau Ceti.

Travelling back up the constellation to Mira provides a good starting point for stargazers wishing to explore the neighboring constellation Pisces. From Mira, it is just a short jump slightly north and west to the alpha star of the Pisces constellation.

The star, known as alpha Piscium, or Alrescha "the cord," represents the knot binding the two fish, represented by the constellation, together. Alrescha appears to the naked eye as a 3.8 magnitude star, but telescopes of 100 mm or larger will reveal it as a double star.

From Alrescha, moving northwest, or up the constellation, lies eta Piscium, the brightest star in Pisces. Eta Piscium is a 3.6 magnitude yellow giant and is visible with the naked eye. Perhaps what makes eta Piscium interesting is not necessarily the star itself, but its proximity to M74&emdash; a spiral galaxy researchers believe contains a new class of black hole.

In June and October of 2001, during observations conducted by the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, researchers discovered strange, high-powered X-ray outbursts coming from the M74 galaxy. The power of the X-rays and their periodic variations, researchers said, indicated the possibility of a black hole with a mass of about 10,000 suns.

This mass places the M74 black hole in a new class of black holes that astronomers call intermediate-mass black holes. Intermediate-mass black holes are more massive than a stellar black hole, but less massive than a super-massive black hole. By contrast, a stellar black hole is about 10 times as massive as our sun, whereas a super-massive black hole is potentially as massive as billions of suns.

Astronomers are yet to understand how the new class of black holes was created, yet two leading theories have emerged.

The first theory postulates that intermediate class black holes are formed following the merger of dozens or even hundreds of black holes in the center of a dense star cluster. The second theory suggests intermediate class black holes could be the remnant nuclei of small galaxies that are being absorbed by a larger galaxy.

To locate M74, look slightly to the east, or left, of eta Piscium. Unfortunately, M74 cannot be seen with the naked eye, but it can be resolved with a telescope, in varying degrees of detail, depending on the telescope's aperture.

Moving back down to Alrescha, sky watchers can then trace Pisces west, to its end at the circlet asterism. The circlet is a ring of seven stars marking the constellation's most distinctive feature.

To begin your observations of Pisces and Cetus, begin at about 10 p.m. on Nov. 11. First, locate the larger, more southerly segment of the constellation Cetus.. The segment will be visible almost due south, fairly low on the horizon, and in a relatively starless portion of the night sky.

From the larger segment of Cetus, shift your gaze slightly north to explore the constellation Pisces and its environs.

With Cetus being large, but somewhat faint, a star chart may help.




Date High Low Precipitation

Type Depth Moisture











































With enough snow, the ski season's a go

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

There's a 30 to 50 percent chance of thunderstorms Friday and Friday night, and with winds from the south/southwest bringing in the moisture, hopes are high that the ski season may begin this weekend.

Cat MacKenzie, of the Wolf Creek Ski area, says that with a good dump of a foot or more, the area may open. "Everyone is raring to go and just waiting for the snow," she said.

Last week, there was zero precipitation in Pagosa Springs with highs in the mid to high 50s and lows below freezing every day. The upcoming weekend is expected to be cloudy on Saturday and clearing on Sunday. Next week, expect a full week of sunny November days, with highs in the 50s.

Sunrise today was at 6:41 and sunset will be at 5:03. Days are shortening about two minutes per day leading up to the Winter Solstice which will occur at 1:35 p.m. Dec. 21 this year.

There will be a full moon Tuesday night. The Farmer's Almanac calls the November full moon the "Full Beaver Moon," because it was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name "Full Beaver Moon" comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the "Frosty Moon."

Fun weather fact of the week: The sunniest place on earth is the South Pole. The reason it remains snowcovered is that the temperature rarely rises above freezing and the snow reflects 50 to 90 percent of the sunlight. On average, Antarctica is the driest place on earth, with average precipitation of two inches per year, though the coastal areas can receive up to 20 to 40 inches per year.