August 25, 2005

Front Page

Change orders blamed for delay

in runway project

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

Delays are expected in the completion of the new Stevens Field airport runway.

The new completion date is still unknown, but when Bob Howard, chair of the Airport Advisory Commission (AAC), asked whether it would be safe to assume it will be after Sept. 12, the original contracted completion date, the answer from Rob Russ, airport manager, was affirmative.

The delay, in part due to change orders, has caused some concern among the pilots. There is an October cut-off date for laying asphalt because a two-inch final layer of asphalt requires a minimum environment temperature of at least 50 degrees F. (in the shade), according to a CDOT section 400 document.

It is conceivable the airport could be closed throughout the winter if there are any more delays, or if Pagosa has an early winter. Howard notes the batch plant for preparing the bituminous mix will be located on the airport boundary, so potentially cold temperatures won't be as big a factor in the transport of the asphalt.

Russ assured the AAC the subgrade structure is in place and Kirkland Construction will be "laying asphalt real soon." Once the process to lay the final layer of asphalt has begun, Kirkland has 30 days, according to contract, to complete the job, during which the airport will be closed for all takeoffs and landings. After that 30-day period, the airport should be fully operational with the longer 8,100-foot runway, according to Russ.

A "Grand Opening" celebration is planned upon project completion, where the community and people interested in airplanes will be invited to attend. Vintage airplanes, including a WWII fighter plane and a 1930s Boeing Stearman biplane are expected to be on display and in the air, and interesting aviation exhibits are planned, said Howard.

At Thursday's AAC meeting, Howard continued to generate ideas on connecting the airport with the community. Emphasizing the future economic potential of the airport, Howard has set five major goals for the airport in 2006 and beyond, which includes promoting safety and good neighbor policies; building community trust; contributing to the county; and serving the airport's "customers," including medical, rescue, and other public safety departments. In recent weeks, the airport has been an active base for fire, medical and search-and-rescue aircraft operations.

Bob Jasper, county interim administrator, attended part of Thursday's meeting, where he clarified the role of the AAC. Jasper emphasized the main role of the AAC is to advise, whereupon the county commissioners and the airport managers make decisions for implementation.

When Jasper arrived, the AAC board was voting on a sentence in the previous month's minutes, which read, "Several guests expressed a total lack of confidence in the airport manager." Russ requested the statement be removed, and a motion was made to do so, but the motion died for lack of a second. In response to the "tension you could cut with a knife," Jasper said and added the "negative energy has got to stop" because there "is too much taxpayer money at stake," and expressed his support for Russ.

Jasper said, although he is new to the community, he believes arguments regarding the economic benefits of an airport are similar to a golf course in which both create economic benefits, but "if you look deeper, they cost taxpayers."

He reminded the AAC that "right now we're transferring lots of general fund monies to subsidize it (the airport)" and asked them to consider "biting some bullets." He finished his statement by saying, "There is no doubt that the airport is important and deserves funds, but there are so many things that need funds," and listed roads, jail facilities, and the "crumbling courthouse" as examples.

In a separate interview, Howard reported that Henry Silver resigned from AAC for personal reasons about two weeks ago, and regrets not being able to serve the remaining months of his service. The AAC currently has six voting members and three ex-officio members.


Male body recovered from Palisades

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

The skeletal remains of a man were found last week in the Palisades area about 2 1/2 miles north of Middle Fork campground.

The deceased is presumed to be Gregory Mark Myers, 48, who has been missing since June 2002. His remains were found inside a tent perched on a small ledge at the base of a steep cliff, and on top of a long, steep and technical talus gully. Hinsdale County Sheriff Bill Dennison said he believes the name of the peak is Mineral Mountain.

From the valley below, it was not possible to see the tattered and faded, blue and white tent perched on the ledge. Two climbers in the area stumbled across the tent and the largely intact skeleton while exploring the area, and reported their find to the authorities Aug. 16.

Because the area is in Hinsdale County, but the access to the area is from Pagosa, the sheriff's departments of the two counties collaborated on the body recovery. On Aug. 17, a New Air helicopter was flown in and after about an hour located the site, according to Greg Oertel, director of emergency operations of the Archuleta County Sheriff's Department. Deputy Mike Thompson from Hinsdale County took the lead on the investigation while Oertel led the recovery operation.

Because of the rough terrain, it wasn't possible to find a landing zone for the helicopter, so the next day, Oertel sent a team into the area by foot to investigate the site and recover the remains.

Upper San Juan Search and Rescue volunteer and Colorado State Patrol officer Will Sanders and Hinsdale coroner Jerry Gray climbed to the ledge, took photographs of the site, packaged the remains, and placed them in a Stoke's litter which were sling-loaded out by helicopter. Sanders and Gray then descended the dangerous gully in the dusk and hiked back out the Middle Fork trail.

The remains and other effects have been transported to CBI lab in Montrose for investigation. The cause of death is still unknown. "At this time, nothing is ruled out," said Sheriff Dennison, who said an autopsy is being performed, "but there's not a lot of physical evidence."

He said CBI should have a report in 3-4 weeks. Myers' brother has been notified and has submitted a DNA sample to help make a positive ID.

Hinsdale and Archuleta counties have a mutual aid agreement. "Due to geography, this is very important," said Oertel, who added that a majority of Archuleta search and rescues are in Hinsdale County. "We were able to pull our skills together and make this recovery work out."


Dutton Ditch project now ahead of schedule

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

As further evidence of the soothing essence of water, Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District's latest board meeting - Tuesday evening - was again lighthearted and jocular, even during discussions of serious and complex issues.

The Dutton Ditch project is over a third of the way done with 10,100 feet of pipeline completed. Greg Mayo, PAWS project manager, reports that with 2 1/2 crews on the job, they are two weeks ahead of schedule, and "doing quality work." The total project length is 29,000 feet, approximately the height of Mt. Everest. A recent section required blasting six feet off a huge boulder, regarding which Bob Huff, board member, commented, "Some of those feet are harder than others."

Regarding Stevens Reservoir, PAWS is still in negotiations with surrounding landowners. The reservoir is still being drained at less than 5 cfs in preparation for the drying out process. Davis Engineering continues work on the design, and the draft plan of the wetlands mitigation project with the Army Corps of Engineers is still in the works.

The district is investigating a joint venture sharing of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) data with Archuleta County and the Pagosa Fire Protection District. Citing the efficiencies seen in La Plata County with their interconnected GIS maps, Gene Tautges, assistant manager, said that GIS interconnectivity is "a planning tool that could save millions of dollars in the long run." Linking the GIS data with aerial photos was also discussed, as well as fixing the questionable survey data of the 1950s that are still in use today.

The toilet rebate program trickles along slowly, with 35 rebates issued this year, and 20 pending. Toilets represent nearly 30 percent of indoor water use, and pre-1994 toilets require over twice as much water-per-flush as modern 1.6 gpf toilets.

Last year 58 toilet rebates were issued at an estimated savings of around 600,000 gallons per year, which not only lessens water consumption but also the demands of wastewater treatment. PAWS will reimburse between $75 and $125 of the cost of replacing an older toilet with a newer, water saving toilet. See for details.

The district is looking for public input on a Resolution for Provision of Water Supply for Serving New Developments or Expanded Water Use Caused by New Development Within Existing District Boundaries. They anticipate establishing new fees based on the number of equivalent units, and expect the resolution to be finalized in late September or early October.

In a 2002 study, PAWS completed a growth projection of the water district, and estimated a 7.1 percent annual growth. A recent estimate reveals growth at only 5 percent. With a newer 900 acre-feet water allotment agreement with the golf course and Fairfield, the reduction of expected growth and the increase in allotment "is a wash" in the water resources PAWSD need to provide, even though the actual uses of the golf course and Fairfield is much less (at around 320 acre-feet per year).

This winter, PAWS plans to prioritize replacement of older main water lines with the new, 6-inch diameter district standard. Many of the main lines in Pagosa were installed by a precursor to PAWS, the Archuleta Water Company, which allegedly installed sub-standard 3-inch lines as a matter of course. With all the growth taking place in the PAWS district, there is some concern for the undersized lines. When asked to identify the areas of concern, Art Holloman, PAWS superintendent, waved his hand over the entire district map, but commented in response to specific replacement projects, "As long as it holds."

In response to discussions of growth, board member Windsor Chacey asked specifically about the difficulty of establishing water and sewer lines in the hard Dakota sandstone underlying the Trujillo Heights project. Mayo answered with a sigh, "Lots and lots of blasting," nodding his head and repeating, "lots of blasting."


 Inside The Sun


Officials discuss foul tasting water

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

Many people on the west side of town and in many of the Pagosa Lakes subdivisions have been experiencing poor tasting water recently.

PAWSD explains that because of the unusually hot weather experienced in July, an algae bloom in Hatcher Reservoir occurred and the taste is the by-product of the bloom. Although preventative measures are taken to treat and kill algae in the lake, it is difficult to predict the weather and, sometimes, "we get caught with our algae down," said Art Holloman, PAWSD superintendent.

This time, an unexpected bloom occurred near the coves and shoreline on the west side of the reservoir.

Holloman added the water is "no danger to humankind," and now that it is in the system, it will take another week or so to flush out, depending on overall use.

Carrie Campbell, district manager, says there are some things that can be done to speed the process, such as flushing the water through hydrants, but said doing so can cause other problems. Currently, powdered activated carbon is being added to the water to help neutralize the bad taste.

The bloom is moving through the system, and areas will be affected at different times. Neighborhoods farthest from the treatment plant, such as the Meadows subdivisions and area on Put Hill may be affected later. It may take a while longer to flush out for users in cul-de-sacs in the water delivery system, Campbell said. In addition, PAWSD is planning to lessen the Hatcher Lake supply soon and make the annual switch to pumping the westside water from the San Juan river to the treatment plant.

People living on the east side of the district system don't need to be concerned, as the water source for that area and for downtown is from the West Fork of the San Juan.


Tonight's topic: Establishing identity through plan and design

By Leanne Goebel

Special to The SUN

Noré Winter, owner and principal of Winter & Co., who is working with the Town of Pagosa Springs on phase two of the downtown Master Plan, will speak at 6 p.m. tonight at the community center.

Winter will discuss establishing community identity through planning and urban design.

Winter is an urban design and planning consultant with more than 25 years experience. He specializes in working with communities that have special amenities, distinctive natural settings and traditional neighborhoods who seek to protect their heritage. He has developed preservation plans and guidelines for historic and conservation districts across the country and has provided design review training for a wide range of locations.

Winter is frequently a featured speaker at conferences and conventions, including the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the National Park Service and the American Planning Association. From 1992-1996, he served as chairman of the National Alliance of Preservation Commissions. He has received awards for "Contributions to the Built Environment" from the Colorado and Western Regional divisions of the American Institute of Architects.

The focus of Winter's program for the Community Vision Council Art and Culture Committee's Creative Spaces speaker series is how to weave public art, urban design and streetscape into a livable community. The speaker series previously included presentations and discussions with Mark Childs, author of "Squares: A Public Place Design Guide for Urbanist," Joe Napoleon, planning director for Woodland Park, Colo. and Harold Stalf, director for the Grand Junction Downtown Development Authority.

The speaker series is held at the Pagosa Springs Community Center, 451 Hot Springs Blvd. The evening begins with a reception at 6 p.m. The speakers will take to the stage at 6:30 p.m. All events are free and open to the public. Seating is limited, so plan to arrive early.

For more information, contact Angela Atkinson at 731-9897.

The CVC Art and Cultural Committee is a volunteer committee of artists and art advocates from the Pagosa Springs Community working to integrate art and public life. Members include: Crista Munro, Folk West; Michael Coffee, Shy Rabbit Studio; Kate Petley, artist; Felicia Meyer, performer and director; Leanne Goebel, arts advocate; Cate Smock, Pagosa Springs Arts Council; and Angela Atkinson, executive director of the Community Vision Council.


Local vigil gives troops proof the people do care

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

A recent candlelight vigil in support of Cindy Sheehan, soldiers fighting overseas and military families drew a group of about 30 people to the Pagosa Springs Town Park.

The Aug. 17 event was one of more than a thousand similar vigils held across the country to show support for Sheehan, whose son Casey was killed in Iraq.

Sheehan has been camped for more than two weeks near the entrance to President Bush's Crawford, Texas ranch. She is camped in protest to the war and is demanding a meeting with the president.

In press releases, Sheehan blames the president for her son's death and wants him to explain why he sent her son to die in Iraq.

The nationwide candlelight ceremonies were sponsored in part by MoveOn, Democracy for America and True Majority.

Anita Sherman, the organizer of the Pagosa Springs event, said although political perspectives may have varied at the vigil, attendees found common ground in showing support for troops fighting in Iraq. She said attendees spanned five generations and ranged in age from one-year-old to 89 years old.

Sherman said, "The vigil was not about for or against, it was about our troops and our families. This is a way of letting our troops know we believe in them."

Sherman said she had friends and family who had served in the military overseas.

"The issue for me is the soldiers, the men and women who are over there. They are sacrificing, they are making a commitment," Sherman said.

Belinda LaPierre attended the event and said she comes from a family with a strong tradition of military service. She said she served for four years in the Air Force and then for three years in the Army National Guard. And now, her 23-year-old son, Eric Nusbaum, has recently begun a 15- month tour in Iraq. After his stint at Baghdad's Camp Stryker, he is scheduled for a six-month tour in Afghanistan.

LaPierre said because of her family's military background and her son's service, she is keenly aware of the pressures and challenges facing soldiers and their families. She said she is working to start a Pagosa Springs chapter of Blue Star Mothers Incorporated, which works as a support group for military families. She said the candlelight vigil was another way to provide support.

"I just wanted to be around people who support the troops. We don't want these troops coming back like troops coming back during the Vietnam era," LaPierre said.

Many in the crowd, like LaPierre, had direct links to soldiers.

Trisha Fightmaster attended the vigil with her baby daughter, Harmony. Fightmaster said her best friend is serving in Iraq.

Leanne Goebel said her stepbrother had served three tours as a Ranger - two in Afghanistan and one in Iraq.

Sherman said her decision to hold a local vigil was a last-minute affair, and that she didn't start notifying people until Tuesday evening. She said the prospect of a low turnout or the potential stress generated in scrambling to put together the event never deterred her. She said it was something she felt compelled to do.

"It was my personal way of paying homage to the troops now and in the past. I would have been there even if I was the only one there holding a candle," Sherman said.


South Pagosa Park plans unveiled

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The Town of Pagosa Springs Parks and Recreation Advisory Board recently unveiled preliminary plans for redesigning and revitalizing South Pagosa Park.

According to a sketch plan, presented at an Aug. 18, Parks and Recreation Advisory Board meeting, Seeds of Learning Family Center would anchor one corner of the park facility while other features such as turf areas for tee-ball, soccer and volleyball would be added.

According to the plan, the basketball and skateboarding areas would remain key features in the facility and some of the existing bike jumps and BMX features would be integrated and designed to serve double duty for bicyclists and snowboarders looking to catch "big air."

Parks and Recreation Director Joe Lister Jr. said plans for work at the park came about in part following discussions between the parks department and the advisory board concerning ways to revitalize the park following the decline in use of the BMX area.

"We took a hard look at what might have been a good idea in 1993, but never really took," Lister said.

Lister said the consensus was to revamp the park with a multi-use approach and to incorporate features that meet the needs, trends and interests of current users.

He said "big air," is one of those trends, so skate park features, snowboarding features and bike jumps will remain.

Lister said finalization of the Seeds of Learning site was the first step in the redevelopment plan and that preliminary estimates could have residents enjoying the new park within a year and a half.


Motorcycle trip brings night of agony

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

Larry Fox, 66, a resident of Aspen Springs, had a very uncomfortable Saturday night.

According to a report from Trooper Will Sanders of the Colorado State Patrol, Fox, without a helmet, was riding his Husqvarna motorcycle on Trujillo Road Saturday around 6 p.m.

Two miles from Pagosa Junction, he lost control and sped off the side of the road, crashing into a gully.

Unconscious and out of sight of motorists on the road, he remained there until he regained consciousness sometime in the night. He had sustained injuries that prevented him from walking.

According to his wife, Evelyn, Fox sustained a fractured hip, a fracture in his neck, a broken scapula, lacerations and broken ribs.

After regaining consciousness, he crawled up an embankment, within shouting range of drivers who were making the sharp corner where he crashed, but he was still not visible to passersby. He spent the night yelling to each car that passed, but no one heard him.

All the next day he yelled when he heard a car It wasn't until 5:15 p.m. Sunday, said Evelyn Fox, that her husband was discovered - when a mother and two daughters out for a fishing trip drove by, and one of the daughters riding in the back of the open pick-up truck heard Fox shout.

Sanders was notified at 5:26 p.m. Sunday and arrived at the scene along with EMTs. He reported Fox was "very grateful and happy to see us."

Fox told his wife he thought if he wasn't rescued when he was, he couldn't have made another night with his injuries. "He's a pretty tough man," she said.

Fox was airlifted out by an AirCare helicopter to Mercy Medical in Durango where he is in stable condition after his ordeal.


Nov. 1 balloting will be by mail; seven issues seen

Archuleta County's Nov. 1, 2005 election will be a coordinated mail ballot election.

This means that special districts' questions may be included with any questions/issues from the state, county and the three school districts.

So far, voters are looking at seven ballot styles. It makes more sense to mail the ballots out rather than to have the responsibility fall on the polling precinct judges.

For mail ballot elections, the law allows for ballots to be mailed to "active voters" only. That means you must have voted in the 2004 general election or registered after that date to receive a ballot in the mail.

After the 2004 general election, continuation post cards were mailed out to all voters who did not vote in that election. If you did not return the second half of that card, as requested, you were not continued as active and may not be receiving a ballot in the mail.

Currently, the county clerk's office files indicate 6,487 active votes and 2,298 voters who did not vote in the 2002 and the 2004 general elections.

If you do not know what mailing address that office has for you, or if you don't know whether or not you are registered, please call the office.

It will make it easier if you know you did not vote in the 2004 general election, you know you did not return the card, and you wish to vote Nov. 1, 2005, to make sure your current mailing address is on record and that your status is "active."

If you are not registered, you will need to do so.

The last day to register to vote or to make any changes will be Oct. 3, 2005.

If you act now, it will help ensure that you receive your ballot by mail. If you have questions, please call 264-8350 and he county clerk's will be glad to give you further instructions.


Town comp plan discussed by consultant

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

Creation of Pagosa Springs' Comprehensive Plan continues to move forward following a string of recent meetings between representatives from the land use consulting firm Clarion Associates, town staff, town council members and members of the Citizens Advisory Committee.

The latter is a 24-member group appointed by the Town Council to help with the Comprehensive Plan process. Clarion Associates is the firm hired by town to help them complete their Comprehensive Plan.

On Aug. 16, Clarion Associates representatives met with members of the Pagosa Springs Town Council to bring them up to date on the issues and progress of the comprehensive planning process. And on Aug 17, Clarion representatives and representatives from the consulting firm Rural Planning Institute met with town staff and members of the Citizens Advisory Committee to further refine the plan's vision statement.

Part of that process involved identifying key goals and issues the comprehensive plan might ultimately address. Also present was Brian Welch of the transportation consulting firm Fehr and Peers. The firm will undertake a traffic study and the data will be used in the comprehensive planning process.

Welch's presentation emphasized the importance of long range transportation planning as a key component of the Comprehensive Plan. He said land use planning and transportation planning are inextricably linked.

"Don't try to do the two separately," Welch said.

Welch also addressed pedestrian and parking issues, public transportation possibilities and encouraged input from the group on how to best deal with the issue of having U.S. 160 as the town's main street.

The idea of a U.S. 160 bypass was contrasted against the development and expansion of an interconnected secondary road system that would move traffic across town, without necessitating driving on U.S. 160. The pros and cons of each option were weighed.

Beyond transportation issues, members of the Citizens Advisory Committee grappled with land use and future development, parks and open space, creating new neighborhoods, preservation of historic areas and economic development issues. Within the greater topic areas, attendees sought to identify specific areas of focus or concern.

Questions concerning water storage, tourism as a primary driver in the town's economy, and particular attention was paid to the role of agriculture in the town's future.

Leslie Ellis of Clarion asked the group, "Is agricultural land a priority for the community?"

Preservation of historic downtown and creating and maintaining affordable housing were also some of the priorities expressed.

Because the planning process is still in the early stages, no conclusions were drawn. Although Ellis said the ideas generated from the work session would be used for fodder as the final plan develops.

Clarion Associates will return to Pagosa Springs for a joint Clarion-Citizen's Advisory Committee work session tentatively scheduled for Sept. 14. The firm will return again in mid-October where they will present the results from the August and September work sessions to the public.

The development of a Comprehensive Plan is required by the town's Home Rule Charter. According to the charter, the plan must be updated at least every five years. Once completed, the plan will provide a 20-year blueprint for guiding growth, development and land use issues in Pagosa Springs.


County focus today on roads found in system

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

How do you eat an elephant?

One bite at a time, goes the adage.

And that is exactly the new strategy interim County Administrator Bob Jasper is employing to tackle the county's various road issues - and today's county road work session is the first bite.

"We need to understand some real key components before we bite off the whole elephant," Jasper said.

One of those key components is identifying which roads are in the county system and which are not. And that, Jasper said, will be the primary focus of today's work session.

Jasper said past road meetings had attempted to tackle too many issues at once. He said this new approach might better distill the issues into manageable parts and might facilitate better citizen understanding and involvement in the process.

The session will be held 2:30 p.m. in the county commissioners' meeting room at the Archuleta County Courthouse.


Commissioners consider Wolf Creek Village, gas wells

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The Archuleta County Board of County Commissioners has formally approved a resolution stating its opposition to the proposed Village at Wolf Creek.

The decision came during the regular meeting of the board of county commissioners Aug. 16, and the resolution formalized their concern and opposition to the development, as currently proposed, on Wolf Creek Pass.

The current plan involves more than 2,000 residential units and more than 200,000 square feet of retail and commercial space all at an elevation of about 10,000 feet and about 30 miles east of Pagosa Springs.

Part of the resolution recommended that a regional task force be created to further address issues and concerns. Although the commissioners did not elaborate on their role in that endeavor.

Later in the same meeting, the commissioners dealt with another contentious issue&emdash;energy development and coal bed methane drilling near the Fruitland Outcrop of the HD Mountains.

In a presentation to the commissioners, Robert Delzell and Brian McCracken urged the board to consider the human and environmental impacts and fire hazards posed by coal bed methane drilling in the area.

According to documentation provided at the meeting, the presentation was prompted by a request from Petrox Resources Inc. to drill near the outcrop. The documentation provided by Delzell stated that Petrox requested specifically to drill on the Candelaria property on Fossett Gulch.

Delzell said, "We understand and do not oppose the right of Petrox to drill." But Delzell added that a more thorough assessment and understanding of the risks were necessary before drilling begins.

Among Delzell's chief concerns was the potential for water well pollution and coal bed methane fires and he asked the commissioners to adopt a moratorium on coal bed methane drilling.

Pagosa Fire Protection District Chief Warren Grams expressed concern over the difficulties of fighting a coal bed methane fire.

"It's going to be a lot of money going down a hole that won't stop burning," Grams said. "It will be a terrible draw on resources if one should occur."

Grams called the Fruitland Outcrop area a "no-man's-land" for fire fighters and said there is no one agency responsible for fire protection in that area.

Karola Hanks, fire marshal for the Upper Pine Fire Protection District, was also in attendance and agreed with Grams' "no-mans-land" assessment.

Commissioners Mamie Lynch and Ronnie Zaday said they share great concerns and said the commission is working toward ways to address the issue.


Sisson mini-library to close for auction

The Ruby M. Sisson Mini-Library will be closed today-Saturday to allow the Humane Society to prepare for its annual Auction for the Animals.


"An Elementary Adventure"

for grade school parents

Pagosa Springs Elementary School will host a special evening tonight that will include free food, fun and games - but the purpose is serious.

That's because parents will be among the honored guests, along with their children, and the organizers want them to have the opportunity to learn more about what goes on in the elementary school. They also hope this event will encourage parents to volunteer throughout the school year.

Amid the fun and games, parents will have the opportunity to spend time with their children, teachers and administrators on this special back-to-school occasion, which takes place 5:30 to 8 p.m. in the elementary school and courtyard.

Called "An Elementary Adventure," the evening will include a scavenger hunt, door prizes and a school information fair. A free dinner of hamburgers, hot dogs and all the trimmings will be served to everyone.

"Giving parents the opportunity to get to know people who have a shared interest in their child's education is a wonderful way to start the school year," said Ronnie Doctor, one of several mothers coordinating the event. "Even the games will have a purpose - to help parents learn more about the facilities and programs in the school."

For example, the scavenger hunt will take parents and their children throughout the school where they will view various areas such as the art, music and physical education rooms, including the new rock climbing wall. Prizes of gift certificates from restaurants and other local businesses will be awarded.

Another purpose of the event is to encourage parents to get more involved in the elementary school by volunteering in their child's classroom or by working with Partners in Education, the School Accountability Committee, the Book Fair or Book Swap, or other activities.

Please note that because of the very limited parking available at the elementary school, it will be reserved for staff and volunteers. Parents and their children are asked to park at the high school. They will be bused from there to the elementary school, with a guide on the bus providing helpful information along the way.


Home school support group hosts mom's tea

Pagosa Area Christian Home Educators (PACE) will host a back-to-school mom's tea 2-4 p.m. Friday, Sept. 1.

Peg Forrest will be guest speaker.

PACE is a home school support association. Member families work together to provide support for parents, education and social experiences for the children, and fellowship among families.

To RSVP or for more information about the organization, contact Michelle Smith at 264-5998.


Three preschool organizations cited for performance

Three Pagosa Springs organizations dedicated to preparing pre-schoolers for higher education have been cited for efforts.

Included were Our Savior Lutheran Preschool, Pagosa Head Start and Seeds of Learning.

The 4-C Council Inc., a Qualistar Learning Partner, recognized each facility for participation in a Quality Environmental Scale Assessment for the 2004-05 school year.

Each organization achieved a quality score of five or better.



Ducks Unlimited banquet set Oct. 1 at Pagosa Lodge

The Pagosa Springs Chapter of Ducks Unlimited will hold its annual banquet and auction Saturday, Oct. 1, at the Pagosa Lodge.

The evening will begin with cocktails at 5:30 p.m., followed by dinner at 7:15 p.m., and an auction at 8 p.m.

Ducks Unlimited is a grassroots, volunteer-based organization that conserves, restores and manages wetlands and associated habitats for North America's waterfowl.

Each year, over 100,000 acres of wetland habitat is lost in the United States. Since it's inception, Ducks Unlimited has enhanced and restored over 10 million habitat acres, encompassing over 18,600 wetland projects in the U.S.

These projects provide habitat for over 900 wildlife species, including ducks, geese, and endangered species like the whooping crane and bald eagle.

For ticket information contact Nolan Fulton at 264-2660, Tracy Bunning at 264-2128, Doug Bryce at 264-2696, Monica Mayben at 731-1190, or Scott Kay at 264-4539.


Last sporting clay target shoot of season

Dove and Grouse season is just around the corner. And, to celebrate, the Upper San Juan Sportsmans Club will be hosting the last in a series of sporting clay target shoots at 12:30 p.m. Sunday, Aug. 28.

The location for the shoot is 1.2 miles south of the fairgrounds on U.S. 84. There will be a sign on the green gate at the site.

All clay target shooters are invited regardless of skill level. This opportunity is all about you, the shooting sportsman.

For further information call J.P. at 731 2295, or Nolan at 264 2660.


Colorado Wildlife Commission finalizes waterfowl season dates

The Colorado Wildlife Commission met late last week for a workshop and approved the Central Flyway waterfowl season dates. All of the waterfowl dates for the 2005-2006 seasons are now final.

The September Teal Season will take place Sept. 3-11 in Chaffee and Lake counties and areas east of U.S. Interstate 25. The bag limit is four teal in aggregate and the possession limit is eight in aggregate.

The Youth Waterfowl Season will take place in both the Pacific (all areas west of the Continental Divide) and Central (all areas east of the Continental Divide) flyways from Sept. 24-25. Regular duck, coot and goose season bag and possession limits apply in the Pacific and Central flyways except for light geese, which are excluded from the Central Flyway youth season.

The regular Central Flyway Duck and Coot Season will take place from Oct. 1-23, Nov. 5-Dec. 4 and Dec. 11- Jan. 22.

The daily bag limit is six ducks, excluding mergansers. Of the six ducks, no more than five can be mallards, of which no more than two can be female. As part of the six duck bag limit, hunters may take one pintail and one canvasback (canvasbacks and pintails can only be taken through Nov. 20).

Hunters may also take two redheads, one mottled duck, two wood ducks and two scaup as part of the six-duck daily bag limit. Additionally, the bag limit may include five mergansers, of which no more than one may be a hooded merganser. Hunters may also take 15 coots. The possession limit is two daily bag limits.

The regular Central Flyway Dark Goose Season will take place Nov. 19-Feb. 12 for all areas east of the Continental Divide except in Pueblo County where the season is open Dec. 3-Feb. 12. Some areas in the Central Flyway will also be open for dark goose hunting Oct. 1 -9. The bag limit is three dark geese. The possession limit is six dark geese.

The regular Pacific Flyway Duck and Coot Season will take place Oct. 1-Oct. 16 and Nov. 2-Jan. 29.

The daily bag limit is seven ducks, including mergansers. Of the seven, no more than two can be female mallards. Hunters can take one pintail daily, two redheads and three scaup. One canvasback can be taken daily through Dec. 15. Hunters are also allowed to take up to 25 coots per day throughout the season. The possession limit is two daily bag limits.

The September Canada Goose Season in the Pacific flyway portion of the state will take place Sept. 3- 11. The bag limit is three Canada geese and the possession limit is six Canada geese.

The regular Pacific Flyway Dark Goose Season will take place from Oct. 1-7 and Nov. 2-Jan. 29. The daily bag limit is three dark or light geese in aggregate. The possession limit is six dark or light geese in aggregate.

The regular Light Goose Season in the Central Flyway will take place Oct. 29-Feb. 12. The bag limit is 20 light geese and the possession limit is unlimited.

The Light Goose Conservation Order Season in the Central Flyway, east of I-25 only, will take place from Feb. 18-April 30. The season was extended by a month this year. The bag and possession limits are unlimited.

For additional information, please consult the Colorado Waterfowl Brochure 2005-2006 that will be available at Colorado Division of Wildlife offices and at license agents in mid-September.


Catch and Release

Privileged, thankful and responsible

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

I spent the weekend, chainsaw in hand, bucking newly-downed Aspens and hauling the white and jade colored logs like elephant legs down a hillside and into the bed of my truck. Chop wood. Carry water. There is something sublime in simple physical labor.

But labor can't be fully appreciated without relaxation. The two create the ultimate juxtaposition, the yin and yang, the absolute duality.

And relaxation, in this case, came in the form of a few hours spent with fly rod in hand, casting to brown trout on a stretch of stream that is essentially my own.

Fishing after a long day's labor generally means no more than a hundred yard walk through a grove of cottonwoods to the San Juan River. The river runs through the property where I live and I don't know how many fishermen are lucky enough to have this sort of access. There are probably more than I think, and probably far fewer than many fishermen would like there to be. I say this not to be boastful, but because I realize I am privileged; and for that I am profoundly thankful. But this privilege is not without responsibility.

My stretch of river is not necessarily prime fly fishing water, although it serves its purpose well. It provides deep holes, runs and troughs for small, albeit healthy and feisty brown trout. Streamside ponds and marshes provide critical habitat for herons, ducks and geese and water snakes cruise the high grass along the banks searching for prey. The river provides a place to sit in the evening, to listen to the music of a river - that delicate sing-song poetry of water moving incessantly over cobbles and boulders in midstream. And it provides a place to cast.

That evening I fished my usual pattern. I worked my way across the river from a gravel bar to a deep pool at the downstream end of a sheer cliff section. From there, I worked the pool, then fished upstream, blasting hoppers into the shale wall, letting them fall with a plop into the slow current along the cliff. After a few tentative, slashing rises, but no results, I changed to a small elk hair caddis and tried tossing longer, more delicate loops through the same run. I fished the area methodically, then moved away from the cliff wall and out into mid current. I gazed up river, daydreaming, watching the geese fly in for the night. And that's when I noticed a deep, blue green trench that I hadn't seen before. The trench traveled down the very center of the river about 20 feet in front of where I stood. It stopped dead in front of a boulder and looked deep, perhaps over my head. I was surprised I hadn't noticed it in the past. Perhaps it was the early autumn light. Perhaps it was the fact that I usually fish at, or near dark, and the low light keeps me from seeing all the features in the river.

Whatever the case, the trench had to be tried, and I moved through the current into a sound casting location. Once in place, I sent the tiny caddis into the current at the top of the run.

The fly drifted slowly and moved naturally through the current without any drag. A perfect drift, but no takers. I tried again. On this passage, a white flash moved through the water as a trout came straight up from the depths and nudged the fly. And a nudge was all I got. I tried a third cast and the scene repeated itself. I knew my luck was exhausted. It's not often a trout will hit a fly twice and then take on the third or fourth pass. Persistence prevailed and I gave it one more go.

The fly traveled the same path, moving slowing amongst the foam and at about the same location the trout hit.

My four-weight bent nearly in half and the reel spun madly as the trout fought across the current. The fish darted up, back across, then moved back downstream. On the retreat, I slowly reeled it in. At first I thought it was the current that had bent the rod, but upon examination, it was clearly the fish.

The brown was big - strong and girthy, clearly one of the grand-dads or matriarchs of the stream and the largest I've encountered so far. I cradled it around the belly, holding it steady in the current, letting water flow through its gills while removing the hook. It had been a solid take by a powerful fish, and it took some effort, to pull the shank free. But once done, I moved the fish slowly in the current, oxygen pouring across its gills, and suddenly, with a slash of its tail, it was gone.

I watched the brown disappear back into deeper water and the idea hit me - stewardship.

Many of us live our lives as though we are simply passing through. In the great scheme of things we are; but so often our choices, or lack thereof, create a passage marked by the trash, detritus, scars and wreckage left in our wake. Our passage is often also marked not by what we have left behind, but by what we have taken: whether it be the invisible impact in killing a vital member of a river ecosystem, such as a larger, older trout, or the obvious scar of an open pit mine or clear cut forest. Seen or unseen, the damage is done.

As I watched the trout disappear into the depths, I realized that my passage on this stretch of river, if not handled well, will not go unnoticed. I realized I have a duty, a responsibility to this stretch of river, to leave it fishable and viable for future anglers and fish. Then I wondered about the implications if everyone had their own trout stream to tend. Would they fish differently? How would they choose to mark their passage? Would their passage be evident at all? And then I realized all of us, anglers or not, like it or not, are stewards and we all have a greater trout stream to tend. What then is our collective responsibility and how will we choose to mark our passage?


High Country Reflections

A cat and some bats in the glow of a full moon

By Chuck McGuire

SUN Columnist

As I gaze out my window into the woodlands beyond, it is a beautiful sunny morning with a hint of autumn in the air. Towering thunderheads are slowly building in the west and to the south, and the balmy breeze rustling through the emerald-green oak leaves has them glistening in the sun. It's a glorious day, and I am rapt in its charm, yet it is the lunar events of the past three evenings which are most prominently etched in my mind.

August is a splendid time of year in the mountain west, and when visible, its full Sturgeon Moon is a remarkable affair. The frequency of monsoon storms, and of course, their associated clouds, has lessened from the intensity of July, and the likelihood of clear or partly-cloudy skies is appreciably greater. Nighttime temperatures, though cooler than the month previous, are still comfortable with just a light jacket, and pesky insects are far fewer and less bothersome. August is a good time for moon-watching.

On the first evening, Jackie and I were out for our routine neighborhood stroll. Daylight still lingered, though the sun had just dipped below the western horizon, and a scattered medley of cotton-white cumulus drifted high overhead. In the east, a narrow band of lenticulars stretched the entire length of the South San Juan Wilderness, and the open sky everywhere was a deep azure blue.

Our chosen route took us south a block, then east along a graveled loop. As we walked, we constantly looked backward toward home, hoping our latest family addition, Bob (the cat), wasn't following along. Even as an outside animal, Bob is extremely social and readily shadows our every movement whenever we allow. But compared to us, his comfortable range is seriously limited, and the further we hike, the less inclined he is to keep up or continue on. At that late hour, we're always concerned with him wandering too far, thus becoming more vulnerable to coyotes or other hidden dangers lurking nearby. Nevertheless, at once here he came, so we waited for him to catch up.

Bob kind of pokes along always in the brush and never on the road so as we stood there biding our time, Jackie suddenly exclaimed, "Oh, look at the sky."

Glancing upward, I saw every cloud in the west aflame with bright yellow-orange, with those closest to the horizon, a luxuriant luminescent gold. Their edges all appeared solid platinum, and every slightest wisp cast a brilliant array. We stared in awe for several minutes, and marveled as the colors slowly changed from gold to hot pink, then a soft soothing lavender. Even as Bob sat nearby, now waiting on us, we continued savoring the beauty that would soon enough be gone.

When we finally turned to resume our trek, we were immediately confronted with another dazzling sight. There in the east, just above the cloud band over the south San Juans, a giant yellow moon had climbed high enough, and now cast its subtle glow over the broad rolling landscape below. Again, we stood gawking for a time, before Bob became restless and voiced some concern. We moved on, but as expected, soon had to turn back and escort him home.

The following night proved similar in many respects, but the moon's amazing appearance was no less a surprise. Again we walked, this time up the road toward the west, and again we slipped out with Bob nowhere in sight. The hour was about the same, maybe somewhat later, but the sky was mostly clear and the few incidental clouds lingering low in the earth's shadow offered only variable shades of battleship gray.

We planned to circle the block before dark, but while topping the hill on the very first leg, Jackie looked back only to see a small black silhouette making its way up the roadside ditch between us and home.

"It's Bob," she said, and sure enough, here he came. So we waited (again), calling his name and encouraging acceleration.

Standing there waiting and looking around, I at once noticed what appeared to be a thin white line at the top of a treeless ridge far to the east. Before I could utter a word, I realized it was moving ever so slightly-growing really, and finally said, "Jackie, look at that."

"What is it?" she asked, then recognized it before I could reply.

"Oh, it's the moon!" she exclaimed. ""Look at that!"

Again we failed to complete our rounds, choosing instead to observe the lunar rise and stay close to Bob. We watched with delight until the moon had completely cleared the ridge, and with its huge yellow face, appeared full and bright. That's when I wondered aloud, "What do you suppose that'd look like up at the lake?"

The next night (last night) was the official full moon. We couldn't be certain what time it would rise, or whether it would even clear Toner and Sugarloaf mountains until late in the evening. But we knew it would eventually shine over the water, and since it was Friday night, we thought to chance it and drive up around dark.

Bob stayed home.

The ride up Piedra is always enjoyable, but to my surprise, last night's traffic was virtually nil. In fact, upon turning into the lake and finding the parking lot empty, we wondered if we hadn't erred and traveled up for nothing. Surely, we thought, others would come for the great spectacle if, indeed, there was a spectacle to see.

But then, as I nosed the Jeep into position, facing east toward the lake and the high-country beyond, there was that unmistakable glow. It was faint at first, but enough to be certain. The moon was coming, and it shan't be long. A few tiny clouds confirmed it as they floated over the serrated tree-lined horizon, their flanks incandescent by reflection from the yet unseen globe.

We sat for a spell, then stepped out, and with folding chairs in hand, stumbled to the water's edge in the dark of night. There, on a narrow strip of sand, we sat and waited as the moon crept ever upward. A gentle wind brought constant waves lapping on shore, and fish feeding on insects splashed at a surface still unseen.

In a matter of minutes, a yellow moon finally appeared, first through breaks in the outermost conifers, then at the horizon itself. As it steadily climbed among the brightest of stars, the surrounding landscape awakened in radiance, and a broad shimmering reflection danced on the waves, ending at our feet. Meanwhile, Little Brown Bats fluttered over the tarn, and some seemed to fly directly at the moon. A pair of Great Horned Owls, one nearby and the other somewhere distant, hooted back and forth, then abruptly fell silent.

For well over an hour we had a glistening lake, a fulsome full moon, and ostensibly the entire primitive world all to ourselves. A rare and mystical presence, we might've stayed much longer, but for the growing chill of a late night breeze. But even the drive home proved melodramatic as we passed through miles of glowing conifer forests and moon-drenched meadows.

And now, here I sit on this glorious weekend day, and I find myself wondering what next month's Harvest Moon might look like up at the lake.




Urgency seen

Dear Editor:

The "big box ordinance" has been the focus of a lot of attention over the past few weeks, testimony to the fact that the big box issue is clearly an important and emotional topic in our community.

Members of the task force and town council recognized the urgency of this issue more than a year ago and agreed to form a volunteer committee to study the complex and often conflicting body of information related to big boxes.

While we may not all agree on ideology, the task force and council members all care deeply about our community; so much so that we all serve on a strictly volunteer basis. It is important to remember that while some may disagree with the opinions of our public officials and recommendations of volunteer committees, respect should be given those who are actually doing the work of local governance and community development.

Yes, "progress will still be made," primarily because the task force and town council concur that our common goals are stronger than our differences. Rolling up our sleeves, sitting around a table yet again, agreeing to disagree - that is the hard word of democracy, of fostering community cohesion, and submerging individual pride in order to further the interest of the whole. It is incumbent on all of us to participate constructively in the process. Please, get involved. As Thomas Paine said, "Lead, follow, or get out of the way."

Ross Aragon, mayor

Angela Atkinson, member, Big Box Task Force


Forced to move

Dear Editor:

Patti and Dick Blide are moving shortly to Vancouver, Wash., for health reasons. This note is to say how much we will miss all the wonderful friends we have made since 1994, when we first moved here part-time and then full-time in 2000 when I retired from my medical practice.

I particularly want to thank the citizens of Archuleta County who supported me in the USJHSD election, May 2004.

I am pleased that our Upper San Juan Health Service District Board has elected to work toward a Critical Access Hospital and a Rural Health Clinic. These two major entities, for which I strived, will decidedly better the health care in our growing area.

Not good-bye, but so long for now. We will be back to visit.

Dick and Patti Blide


Abortion truths

Dear Editor:

I do not believe there is absolute truth regarding abortion. There are situations in many people's lives when abortion is the right, the good and the moral thing to do.

And I don't believe that is killing a soul. We are not capable of killing souls. It is denying a body the apparent endless number of souls who want to incarnate, and that is a woman's free will right.

Those who say we should save every life, including those of unwanted pregnancies, are being hypocritical. Right-wingers will fight to the death for eggs and zygotes, but if you're already born - well then to hell with you. Pick yourself up by your own bootstraps!

They are, at the same time, quite blasé about the death of our children, spouses and parents in Iraq and Afghanistan. And then there are the hundreds of thousands of Iraq civilians who have died. Do right-wingers care about those lives? I don't see any evidence of it.

And what of the people in Uganda who have not on their own been able to defeat the so-called Army of God who have kidnapped many thousands of their children, often requiring them to kill members of their own family? What abut those lives? There are countless examples of the right's disregard for life here in the states and abroad.

An honest look at the debate regarding abortion shows that it is not about saving lives. It is about controlling women. They constantly rant about the number of abortions while rarely mentioning the much larger number of assaults on women.

The Catholic Church and its new allies in the Republican right wing have brought sexism to a new level of cultism. Together they constitute the biggest hate group on the planet, targeting the only groups left that it's still okay to hate - women and homosexuals.

Debra Charles


Medical donations

Dear Editor:

A couple of weeks ago, an article was printed about a fund that has been set up to offset medical expenses for Coltin Chavez, who has been diagnosed with epileptic encephalopathy.

Due to some confusion about the account number some of you who wanted to make contributions were unable to do so. Please be assured that this problem has been corrected.

Coltin's family deeply appreciates all the prayers and assistance.

Jennifer Chavez


Resolution lauded

Dear Editor:

I would like to commend the Archuleta County Commissioners for adopting the resolution stating clear opposition to the proposed Village at Wolf Creek.

The development would be disastrous for all of southwest Colorado, given the burdens it would place on highways, infrastructure and water supplies and the harm it would inflict on our fragile natural environment.

I urge county commissioners throughout the 59th State House District - in La Plata, Montezuma, and San Juan Counties - to voice opposition to the Village at Wolf Creek. All of us in southwest Colorado must stand together to prevent the serious harms the development would bring to our region.

Jeff Deitch


Historic elegance

Dear Editor:

During a recent visit to Silverton, Ouray and Telluride I was impressed at the care taken to preserve and restore the original homes and shops in these towns, the historic elegance of a respected heritage.

I (and others) have just finished gasping at the gaping hole left in our downtown as several historic buildings were demolished and carried away to the dump in July. It was devastating to see these buildings go, as well as requests to salvage part or all refused.

And yes, one was moved, but why not all of them? What was the hurry - to put up an ostentatious flagpole? Example - one building contained solid walnut and cherry paneling from 1889, rarely obtainable any more.

In Vision Council meetings I didn't get that so much would be destroyed to make way for the new. But then, hindsight is always twenty-twenty. I can't say that I for one am excited to see a wave come from California and splash itself into Pagosa, or to see our community turned into another Aspen or Vail.

What has excited me in the years I've lived here is the relative peace and quiet of a small community nestled within millions of acres of wilderness; and the rare opportunity to not be inundated by strip malls and big box stores, by upscale shops and offices, by freeways and smog.

What has inspired me is to immerse myself in a kind of beauty that doesn't exist very many places; and to welcome nice folks who visit because they appreciate an opportunity to experience these things.

Small towns in the West symbolize adventure, freedom and open spaces.

Why destroy this to become another homogenous tourist trap and second homeowner retirement community? Maybe we should reflect before we rebuild Pagosa, when most of civilization is living at a mad pace, we actually have something worth preserving for posterity.

One might take a look at the yellow and white Victorian office building at 103 Pagosa St. built in 1984. When the original structure burned, this new one was designed to be an elegant representation of old Pagosa. Perhaps we might pause for a moment before we destroy the character of our town and consider this type of design for new construction. I think it would be a highly intelligent and thoughtful way to proceed.

I'd like to see the developers think past the monopoly games they can play with their money and truly consider the future. We live in the late days of a fossil fuel glut, eight billion people on the planet. Either we play a role in caring for the resources that remain, or we just unconsciously proceed in allowing an ignorant "civilization" to destroy the natural and simple beauty that remains.

I, for one, am for proceeding in a way that preserves our history, that respects our natural surroundings, and that manages the change that must come with intelligence, respect and foresight.

Cary Ellis


Who must change?

Dear Editor:

Ron and I moved here some eight years ago and we didn't want even one single thing changed. We know the difference between "wants" and "needs," so we took care of the "needs" and have loved every minutes of the eight years.

I have a question: Why must we in this community change to accommodate new people coming in rather than having them adapt and become a part of this "special place" which will no longer be a "special place" if all their wishes come true?

As one speaker who came to town recently said, "Remember what you have and hold on to it."

Too bad his visit wasn't made a year ago.

Cindy Gustafson


Rotten water

Dear Editor:

The taste of the water provided to the community by PAWS continues to get progressively worse. I've called PAWS to discuss the issue, and the explanation provided was that it gets hot in August and the "algae bloom got away from us." I find this unacceptable at best and unprofessional at worst.

I've lived in various locations around the world, and never have I encountered this sort of recurring problem - every August it happens - at least for the past three years I have lived in Pagosa Springs. Why doesn't someone at PAWS circle July on the calendar and make preparations for August?

The water may be "safe" to drink - I was told that it would not hurt you - but it is repulsive. My home stinks when we use the shower and it takes an hour or two to clear out. Give me fluoride in my drinking water any day and I'll give PAWS the algae flavored water.

I expect a reduction in our water bill as a result of PAWS' inability to operate in a professional manner to provide potable water that doesn't require a clothespin on your nose to drink.

Joe Hannigan


Level the field

Dear Editor:

I shop almost daily at a Big Box, City Market, approximately about 53,000 square feet. This store, under some suggested restrictions I have read about, could not presently be built in our town. Frankly, I hope to see the City Market monopoly ended sooner rather than later by the arrival of an additional multiline grocery store. I am sure it will compete as does City Market with the drugstore and auto parts stores, among others, with its various non-grocery departments. I am also sure that wishing to make a nice "splash" in Pagosa Springs, it will be planned larger than its competitor.

I suspect some will say, well, that's OK we are worried about real big boxes.

This is where it gets interesting and very difficult. Pagosa Springs is already somewhat past the crossroads when it comes to dealing with thoughtful development. One has only to look at the scraped earth of the Sonic "restaurant" to see what can happen if developers aren't required to respect existing contours of land and of incorporating trees into their plans.

Presently the town and county debate about the issue of big boxes in Pagosa Springs is peppered with hurtful dialogue which will do little to resolve how Pagosa Springs faces the future. Pagosa Springs now is quite unlike the little wide spot in the road I wandered through in the late '60s, nor the town where I began purchasing property in the '80s.

With apologies to POGO, "We have seen the enemy and he is us!"

Archuleta County residents need to understand change will happen in spite of the best efforts of "NIMBYs". Explosive population growth will necessitate new stores, more and better choices for shopping and huge infrastructure change. County commissioners - read "Roads."

A recently published survey seemed to indicate loss of 47 percent of sales tax revenue to other jurisdictions is acceptable - because with growth that loss would be reduced to only 40 percent! Officials accepting that as reality should be fired.

Government's responsibility to its citizens is not to grant or enforce monopolies or prevent entrance of new businesses, but to serve all by leveling the business playing field, consistent with the wishes of all the population and prudent tax base growth. This suggests compromise with each of us giving up something.

I have traveled through many towns where unregulated unprincipled growth has destroyed the town core. A far smaller number of towns have imposed view, construction and tax restrictions on new large development and have been able to retain their small town flavor, while providing services some residents want, need and can afford.


Ed Lowrance


Water treatment

Dear Editor:

To users of PAWS water: If your sun tea flavor has changed, it's not the rays, it's our new chemical water treatment process.

Yes, for the past five days (8/12-8/17) our water has had such bad taste and odor we dare not drink it.

This has been reported to PAWS and it was explained that a new treatment process was used and it should be out of the lines (by Aug. 19).

Folks, if your water is this way, please write the water board now at 100 Lyn Ave., Pagosa Springs, CO, 81157.

Ask for notice of any further treatment process so folks can store water; and ask if we are due a rebate.

Pam Morrow


Low-cost housing

Dear Editor:

We appreciate the thorough coverage of the planning commission meeting regarding the Trujillo Heights subdivision in the Thursday, Aug. 18, newspaper. The article did a great job recording our presentation, as well as public comments.

There was, however, an important item that we believe was incorrectly recorded, that we feel merits clarification. The article quotes me as saying "Affordable housing in Reynolds' current proposal is calculated at about $200,000." This is not correct. In my presentation, I stated that one of our project goals is to have the majority of housing in the development priced below $200,000. The 10 percent of the units that will be deed-restricted as affordable housing will be priced substantially lower than this.

An interesting statistic to note, which was also brought up in the presentation, is that of the 165 current listings in the area Real Estate Multiple Listing Service, 14 are priced below $250,000, and only five are priced below $200,000. Without new housing like we are proposing, we are going to face a problem common to all resort towns: People who earn their livings here can't afford to live here.

Tracy Reynolds


Mindless effort

Dear editor:

With the cunning assistance of the SUN's editor, looks like the bait finally worked. I've landed a real "Whopper," even bigger than anything I've ever yanked from that big lake in Arboles.

Fishing is always good for appeaser liberals in the SUN's editorial pages. Maybe I can find some real juicy worms in the future for Ms. Wendy Wallace to inhale. They'll slide down easy - trust me. "Food for Thought" is the mighty hookworm.

Idea: Here in Paradise we've got airport, river and so-called wealthy developer restoration projects. How about undertaking an editorial "restoration project"? Why not create some deep, dark, ink hole where the liberals can wallow around; maybe somewhere in The SUN's lost and found section?

Every once in a while entice 'em out with a little bait so we might be entertained. Liberal ignorance does qualify as Lost/Found comedy.

We are at war, Wallace. Your country was attacked and "war is hell." No war is perfect. World War I, II, Korea, Vietnam and the Cold War are over. We won those conflicts. American persevered and we succeeded, and they were all great triumphs for many reasons. We didn't win them by kissing the enemies toenails - get smart.

For liberals to politicize and undermine the war effort and troop morale is mindless. Terrorists have attacked us as a people and we'll hang together as we've done in the past. (Got good news for the liberals, America will always be worth the ultimate sacrifice - ask a veteran.)

By the way, John Kerry lost ... and the voters of Tom Daschle's home state sent him packing - learn to love it. And I seriously doubt Hillary Clinton will be able to make your day in 2008. Does she happen to lick her lips over worms?

Jim Sawicki


Moving on

Dear Editor:

I think it's your turn to sit in task force meetings (choose one of your choice), City Council meetings, County Commissioner meetings, and public hearings for at least a year, because I'm getting over it and moving on.

A Non-Business Owner

on the Big Box Task Force,

Claudia Smith

Editor's note: Thanks for the invitation but, after attending more than 150 consecutive town board meetings, 124 consecutive county commission meetings, 140 consecutive board of education meetings, as well as other meetings too numerous to note over the years, we are well aware of the frustrations involved in the process. Please refer to this week's editorial.


Postal pique

Dear Editor:

I am so ashamed of the landscaping at our post office.

Hot Springs Boulevard looks great thanks to town crews. Then you come to our post office, and it is a disgrace - full of weeds, lawn needs mowing, bushes need trimming, etc. The inside is not much better, with dirty floors and garbage running over.

What kind of impression does this make on visitors coming to our town? Surely our U.S. government can do better than this.

Rose Smith


Community News

Got your eye on a fabulous bauble? Try Auction for Animals

By Cristina Woodall

Special to The PREVIEW

The Humane Society of Pagosa Springs 11th annual Auction for the Animals is 5:30 p.m. Friday. The exciting festivities to support the homeless dogs and cats of Archuleta County will be held at the Pagosa Springs Community Center.

Come for a fun evening of socializing over gourmet hors d'oeuvres and a glass of wine (with wine admission ticket) while perusing and placing your bids on the myriad of items both large and small.

The Auction for the Animals is a gala event. Ladies, here's your chance put on a favorite dress and get your man out of his T-shirts. Come browse the wide array of silent auction items while sampling scrumptious salmon pinwheels, teriyaki chicken skewers, and many other delectable appetizers. You may also enjoy tasting many fine wines such as Santa Rita, Mezza Corona Pinot Grigio, and Orivietto Classico, with a wine and beer ticket.

The community has responded with an incredible offering of donations. This is your opportunity to give financially to a great cause in our area while enjoying a fun evening bidding on all kinds of merchandise and services.

Have you ever considered taking a Parelli course for you and your horse? Parelli Natural Horsemanship has donated a Level 1 package to the Auction.

"Level 1 is where all true 'horse savvy' begins ... it creates a positive balance of trust and respect, eliminating many common problems and safety issues people encounter with horses." Come to the Auction for the Animals and donate to the Humane Society; you may be the top bidder on the Parelli package.

Like to ski? Ten ski passes to Wolf Creek Ski Area will be up for bid. Use the passes yourself or offer them to visiting friends and family who want to hit the slopes.

A signed, numbered print by Arnold Friberg, with certificate of authenticity, might be just the thing to liven up your game room.

"A Gentlemen's Foursome" portrays a fun-loving bunch at an old cowboy pool hall.

There will be many more items to bid on including a timeshare ownership near sunny Palm Springs, Calif., a dinner for six with wine pairing from Farrago Market Cafe, and an incredible basket of caramels, chocolate and much more from the Choke Cherry Tree.

Advance tickets are available until noon Friday at WolfTracks Bookstore and Coffee, Pagosa Springs Chamber of Commerce, Moonlight Books, and Humane Society Thrift Store. Tickets may also be purchased at the door. Ticket prices for this extravaganza will be $25 in advance/$30 at the door for wine and beer, including a commemorative wine glass or beer stein. Regular admission tickets are $15 in advance/$20 at the door.

For more information, call the Humane Society Administration Office at 264-5549. Join the community at the Auction for the Animals, the event of the year.


Round out the Folk Fest with

Mollie O'Brien and old faves, The Bills

By Crista Munro

Special to the PREVIEW

This week's story marks the final installment in the Four Corners Folk Festival 2005 lineup.

Each week since July, The SUN has been kind enough to give us space to profile two of the artists who will be performing at this year's 10th annual event - 16 different musical acts for a total of 23 live performances throughout the 3-day festival.

The Reservoir Hill campground will open next Thursday, and thousands of folks from all over the region will begin pouring into town to enjoy this wonderful family event. Don't worry if you haven't got your tickets yet; they are still available at Moonlight Books and Wolftracks Coffee and Books through next Wednesday, Aug. 31.

I've saved two very special acts for the last installment: Mollie O'Brien, who last performed at the festival in 1997 as part of Tim & Mollie O'Brien and the O'Boys; and The Bills, who first exploded on the Four Corners scene at the 2003 festival under the moniker The Bill Hilly Band. We are tremendously excited to have both of these highly-requested talents returning to the lineup for 2005.

Mollie O'Brien sings - does she ever. Jazz, R&B, blues, gospel, southern mountain traditional - you name it. And she approaches each with an ease that makes you think she was steeped in the style since the first time a note left her throat. She didn't do a lot of singing until she reached high school, but the groundwork was there.

Mollie remembers when she was about 10, during the piano-lesson years, she learned to play - and sing - "Anchors Aweigh," a tribute to her older brother, a Naval Academy midshipman. She loved crooning along to her favorite TV program - The Lawrence Welk Show. Truth be told, she still harbors some resentment that she didn't land the solo in her second grade Christmas pageant, but already showing the trooper spirit, she sang her heart out with the rest of the chorus.

Growing up in Wheeling, W. Va., one of five children, Mollie was exposed to music of every stripe. The family attended the Wheeling Symphony and no end of road shows, from Count Basie to Ray Charles. And when the Beatles played Pittsburgh's Civic Arena in 1964, Mrs. O'Brien piled all the kids in the car and drove them to the concert - on a school night, yet.

Mollie listened to singers - Joni Mitchell and Judy Collins, Bonnie Raitt and Dinah Washington, Streisand, Sinatra, and Betty Carter. She took voice lessons, and the recitals every six weeks cured her of stage fright. With her brother, Tim, she performed in church and at coffeehouses.

All the while she dreamed of packing her bags and moving to New York, to sing and act on Broadway and make a big splash in show business. It was after her sophomore year of college that she set out for the Big Apple. She thrived on the big-city excitement, but the auditions were discouraging and gigs were few and far between. She stuck it out for four years - long enough to discover the irresistible pull of swing music and the stylistic stretches required for jazz. Eventually she moved to Colorado, where brother Tim O'Brien had already staked out territory in the booming music scene.

Mollie moved to Boulder in 1980, worked as a duo with Tim, and formed her own R&B band. Now, a couple of decades later, she's married with two teen-aged daughters and a firmly established singing career. She has been called one of roots music's best interpreters and singers, and her voice described as "smooth," "smoky," "powerful," and "bright and bold as sheet lightning."

Mollie's recordings are a tribute to the variety of her taste and the versatility of her performance. On her solo CDs - "Every Night in the Week" and "I Never Move Too Soon" (on Resounding Records) and "Tell It True, Big Red Sun, and Things I Gave Away" (on Sugar Hill) - she moves without hesitation from style to style, dipping into the songs of Lennon and McCartney, Percy Mayfield, Memphis Minnie, Chuck Berry and the Subdudes. Showcasing her old-time, folk, blues, and gospel chops are three albums with Tim O'Brien ("Take Me Back," "Remember Me," and "Away Out on the Mountain" - all on the Sugar Hill label).

There have been a number of collaborations, most notably the Grammy-winning "True Life Blues: The Songs of Bill Monroe" (Sugar Hill) with a stellar bunch of bluegrass greats. And for the past few years, Mollie has worked with Garrison Keillor and Robin and Linda Williams as the Hopeful Gospel Quartet, with her own five-piece band, and as a duo with husband Rich Moore.

Whatever the combination, Mollie gracefully navigates each musical twist and turn. It's little wonder that she has earned rave reviews at major festivals and venues throughout the U.S. and in the United Kingdom, Europe, and South America. When it all boils down, whether she's shoutin' the blues or sliding through a bittersweet jazz ballad, one thing is certain: Mollie O'Brien sings. Don't miss her performance 4 p.m. Sunday, Sept.4 on the main stage.

From the beautiful West Coast of Canada comes The Bills - an extraordinary quintet, renowned among folk music fans of all ages for their instrumental virtuosity, lush vocal arrangements, exuberant live performances, evocative songwriting, and refreshingly innovative interpretations of traditional tunes from around the globe. In 2004, with the release of their stunning third CD, "Let Em Run," The Bills secured their place as one of the most inventive and talented acts on the North American and Western European folk music scene. "Let Em Run" has generated enormous praise from critics and fans alike, and was nominated for the 2005 Canadian JUNO award for Roots/Traditional Album of the Year.

Drawing musical inspiration from a broad range of North American traditions, a mélange of European stylings, rhythms of Latin America, and melodies of the wandering Romany peoples, The Bills have forged a musical style all their own that transcends musical boundaries and defies simple categorization. With three main writers in the band, The Bills have developed a glorious and growing repertoire of songs that speak of their own part of the world.

Since forming in 1996, The Bills have toured theatres and festivals from Copenhagen to California, thrilling audiences with their breathtaking musical explorations and their natural onstage humor and charm. Whether entertaining an intimate theatre audience or a festival crowd of 10,000, these five gifted multi-instrumentalists are masters at bridging the gulf between stage and audience to create a completely unique and exciting musical experience.

The Bills will be ready to take you along on a joyous musical ride 7:30 p.m. Friday, Sept. 2 and 3:15 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 4

Tickets and additional festival information are available by calling (970) 731-5582 or online at The festival is supported by a grant from the Colorado Council on the Arts. The Colorado Council on the Arts and its activities are made possible through an annual appropriation from the Colorado General Assembly and federal funds from the National Endowment for the Arts.


'The Trip to Bountiful' is Film Society's fare

The Pagosa Springs Film Society will screen and discuss director Peter Masterson's 1985 film, "The Trip To Bountiful," starring Geraldine Page, John Heard and Rebecca DeMornay at the Aug. 30 meeting.

Adapted from a play and earlier movie by writer Horton Foote ("To Kill a Mockingbird," "Tender Mercies"), the story revolves around the successful escape of an elderly woman from a miserable existence with her son and daughter-in-law to visit the farmstead where she grew up and raised her own family.

Geraldine Page won an Oscar for her portrayal of Carrie Watts, who is living the twilight of her life trapped in an apartment in 1940s Houston, Texas. Critic Roger Ebert comments, "She inhabits the central role with authority and vinegar."

He points out that the movie "... is not really about conflict between the generations, but about the impossibility of really understanding you are even a member of an older generation, that decades have gone by."

The meeting starts 7:00 p.m. in the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall, unit 15, Greenbrier Plaza. Turn east on Greenbrier Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big sign. There is a suggested donation of $3 for The Friends of the Library.


From the Olde World to the New with music

By Paul Roberts

Special to The PREVIEW

"To me, dance is an expression of the human spirit made visible and music is the expression of the human spirit made audible," said local musician Carla Roberts.

Carla performs Sunday at the American Roots Music Festival, in a concert entitled "From the Olde World to the New." Also on the bill are Carla's husband Paul Roberts, violinist Chris Baum, bassoonist Valley Lowrance, trumpet player/singer Larry Elginer and special guests. The concert will be held 6 p.m. in the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.

Carla writes original songs and sings folk songs in several languages. Bruce Springsteen's manager/record producer, Jon Landau, describes Carla's voice as "immediately appealing."

A highly devoted performer with over 30 years of professional experience, Carla plays many string, percussion and wind instruments from around the world, These include the cheng from China; dumbek and chalil from the Middle East; the entire family of recorder flutes; marimba, hammer dulcimer; Irish bodhran; banjo; harp; and many others.

Carla Roberts is one of those fortunate people who have combined their avocation with their vocation. She became a professional musician right out of high school. She said, "I'm very grateful that I have been able to make a career in music. I feel blessed that I can devote my life to my art."

She's also grateful to be living in Pagosa. "Being an artist, it's important to have the inspiration of nature in order to dip into the wellspring of creativity. That's one of the main attractions of living in Pagosa Springs. It's an art-friendly community," she said.

For Carla, music is an expression of beauty. She said, "It's a fantastic way to become closer to people; it's a way of bringing joy and beauty into our lives, at a time when it is most needed. I always appreciate a beautiful melody. My great love is creating melodies and harmonies."

Growing up in a musical family, Carla's musical inclinations became very apparent, at age 2, when she began singing her versions of the music she heard. She attributes her abilities, including her ability to play by ear, to the fact that there was a big emphasis on singing in her family.

Her musical interests were furthered in school. "One of my most cherished memories is my kindergarten teacher playing the piano and singing folk songs with us. I had my favorite songs that I would be happy to sing over and over. We sang in class throughout elementary school." Carla had classical training on piano and clarinet, which she said, "was an excellent basis for my future explorations in music."

At age 15, Carla started playing the recorder and quickly developed a beautiful, vocal flute style. "It was love at first sight," she said. "I found I could play by ear from the minute I first picked it up. That really began my true love of playing the flute. I realized that I wasn't limited to any one form of music. I collected all the different sizes of recorders and began playing the lead parts in our high school recorder ensemble." Carla also began composing and improvising on piano and dulcimer.

Carla describes meeting her husband and music partner, Paul Roberts: "Soon after leaving home I met up with a very talented musician. I went to a concert and saw this guy playing all these instruments and he was really good on all of them. You knew that he was a very serious musician and very sensitive. Little did I know, then, that this musician would someday be my husband and I would be performing with him."

Soon after she met Paul, they began playing music together. "This opened up a whole new world of international music for me and I developed as a musician, a performer and recording artist," Carla says. "I discovered that I had an ability to pick up songs in different languages, so I started searching out people from different countries to teach me songs and how to play unusual instruments."

Expanding on her early ballet training, Carla studied international folk dancing and American clogging, which "gave me another whole layer of understanding of the rhythms and the lyrical quality behind the music."

Carla, who has a natural rapport with children, enjoys sharing her enthusiasm for music and dance with young audiences, and has performed thousands of international music and dance programs in elementary schools. "My goal is to broaden the platform for education, by exposing children to art forms that are not necessarily going to be around forever," she said.

Another dimension of Carla's creativity is costume design. An award-winning designer, who enjoys exercising her imagination by combining colorful fabric to make wearable art, Carla considers costumes "part of the music." She said, "it's really fun for me to see kids light up when they are able to wear these creations and sing and dance." She puts these creations to good use each year when she puts over 120 sixth graders in costume, for the Ancient Cultures performance, a program she also directs. She says, "I hope to reach those kids who are ready to be inspired."

Carla also has a great interest and expertise in video production. She intends to continue teaching and reaching larger audiences of all ages, via the media." To further this goal, and their cultural work in general, she and her husband Paul created a nonprofit organization called Elation Center for the Arts, which produces the American Roots Music Festival, as well as the Ancient Cultures program at the intermediate school, and music and dance classes in Pagosa.

About this Sunday's concert, Carla said, "I'm very excited about this concert. It's a great pleasure to rehearse with a fine violinist, a bassoonist and a trumpet player. This program will reflect my fascination with how music moves between cultures over the millennia. It encompasses music from a profound global heritage. It will have a very broad scope and many exotic instruments."

Join Carla Roberts, Paul Roberts, Chris Baum, Valley Lowrance and Larry Elginer at the American Roots Music Festival, 6 p.m. Sunday at Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. Bring a dessert to share at the intermission if you wish. The concert is preceded by a hand-drumming workshop led by Carla, beginning at 3 p.m.

The clubhouse is at the PLPOA complex, 230 Port Ave., in the Vista subdivision of Pagosa Lakes. Take U.S. 160 to Vista Boulevard. Turn north on Vista and left on Port.

Tickets are $8 for adults, $7 for seniors, and $12 for families. Children are admitted free of charge. For further information, call 731-3117.


Flurry of awards concludes 4-H contest season

By Pamela Bomkamp

Special to The PREVIEW

The following is a list of all 4-H members who completed and entered projects into the Archuleta County Fair.

We would like to congratulate all of these kids on not just winning a blue, red or white ribbon, but for successfully following through on a project. What is most important is that these members know their hard work and dedication to a project from beginning to end is a great life skill that will last forever.

Each member had to get up pretty early on Thursday, Aug. 4 to bring in their project and sit down with a 4-H judge for a brief interview. We know this process can be a bit overwhelming. Now you are finished and you can all breathe a sigh of relief. What a great experience! Congratulations!

Sportfishing Unit 1: Kyle Anderson-Andreson, blue; Katie Laverty, blue and grand champion. Archery Junior Division: Christopher Archuleta, red; Keith Archuleta,blue; Tristen Bennett, blue, Judges Honorable Mention; Jessie Brammer, blue; Keturah Class-Erickson, blue, grand champion; Austin DeVooght, red; Zachary Havens, white; Daisey Jones, red; Daniel Martinez, blue; Lindsay Martinez, blue; Tyler Martinez, blue; Reyes McInnis, red; Chase Purcell, blue; Crystal Purcell, blue, reserve champion; Cody Snow, red; Hunter Williams, white; Rebecca Zeller, White. Archery Senior Division: Jesse Whisman, blue. Quilting Junior Division: Maiah Muhlig, blue, grand champion; Brooke Spears, red. Quilting Intermediate Division: Katie Laverty, blue, grand champion. Home Environment Unit 3: Anna Ball, blue, grand champion. Cake Decorating Unit 2 Junior Division: Jessie Brammer, red; Zack Irons, blue; Mia Jones, red; Shaylah Lucero, blue, grand champion; Jennifer Smith, red; Payton Talbot, blue, reserve champion; Wendy Webster, blue, grand champion. Cake Decorating Unit 3 Junior Division: Tristen Bennett, blue, grand champion; Alyssa Lee, white. Foods Unit 1: Kaylee Fitzwater, blue, reserve champion; Shaylah Lucero, blue, grand champion; Jennifer Smith, red.

Baking 3: Anna Ball, blue, grand champion. Beginning Photography Junior Division: Del Greer, blue, grand champion; Evan Greer, red; Jocelyn Havens, white; Alyssa Laydon, blue; Malory Laydon, blue, reserve champion; Courtney Spears, red; Nick Toth, white. Beginning Photography Senior Division: Del Greer, blue, grand champion; Jesse Whisman, white. Entomology, Unit 1: Tyler Greenly, blue, reserve Champion; Maiah Muhlig, blue, grand champion. Entomology Unit 2: Keegan Caves, blue; Britton Muhlig, blue; Chase Purcell, blue, reserve champion; Crystal Purcell, blue, grand champion; Dean Scott, blue.

Entomology Unit 6: Emmi Greer, blue, grand champion. Entomology, Unit 7: Dylan Caves, blue, grand champion. Vet Science Unit 1: Jordin Frey, blue, grand champion; Brandy Fowler, blue, grand champion; Krystal Patterson, red; Kalie Ray, blue; Courtney Spears, blue. Vet Science Unit 2: Taylor Cunningham, blue, grand champion; Vet Science Unit 3: Danelle Condon, blue, grand champion. Financial Champions-1: Anna Ball, blue grand champion.

Dog Obedience, Rally Trials: Chad Condon, blue, grand champion; Bethany Wanket, blue, reserve champion. Creative Cooks Contest Junior Division: Shaylah Lucero, blue, grand champion; Jennifer Smith, blue, reserve champion. Creative Cooks Contest Intermediate Division: Anna Ball, blue, grand champion. Cake Decorating Contest: Jennifer Smith, blue, grand champion; Shaylah Lucero, blue, reserve champion.

The following had their livestock shows throughout fair week and their interviews on Sunday, Aug 7: Breeding Goat - Meat: Kaylee Fitzwater, first place. Breeding Goat - Dairy: Isaiah Class-Erickson, first place. Breeding Swine: Danelle Condon, first place. Heifers: Austin DeVooght, first; Bethany Wanket, second; Crissy Ferguson, third; Cody Shahan, fourth.

State Fair contestants - from Archuleta County - and their results will follow in next week's paper. For more information contact the Extension office at 264-5931.


A look at ideas gleaned from creative speakers series

By Leanne Goebel

Special to The PREVIEW

Every major culture throughout history, has invested energy in making public art.

According to Fulbright Scholar and University of New Mexico professor Mark Childs, the major function of public art is to make a place special. Childs was the first of three speakers in the "Creative Spaces Speaker Series," sponsored by the Community Vision Council Art and Culture Committee.

He addressed a crowd of 60 Aug. 15 that included Pagosa Springs Mayor Ross Aragon, town staff, and council members Tony Simmons and Darryl Cotton.

In order to have a good government and a strong economy, we need a civil society, a complex overlapping set of social networks that help engender broad representation, a marketplace of ideas, social capital and creativity. Or what John Locke defined as that part of our collective lives that is neither market nor government.

According to Childs, there are several methods for developing this civil society, but the top two are civic spaces and "storied landscapes." Public plazas and squares are places to see and be seen, to gather, to watch the sky.

Childs advocated for the development of a town square in Pagosa Springs and suggested the parking lot next to Tequila's along the river as a location where the seeds of gathering already exist. "This parking lot is a great place for a square and you could include auditorium-style seating for people to sit and watch the river."

Tell town's story

He also suggested that the most important thing we can do is to tell the story of the community in our civic spaces and through our public art and events. One idea involves the local duck race sponsored by the Knights of Columbus. This is a story from our town. "Instead of ordering 1,000 rubber ducks from China, can you spend the same amount of money and have local children build boats or rafts and have a race?," asked Childs.

"Public art is part of the infrastructure of your town," Childs said. "Just as your town provides water, sewer, roads, it can provide art because art is literally how you make the road, the bridge, the power pole."

Childs' Power Point presentation showed manhole covers in Seattle designed as a map of the city, tree grates that identify the species and leaf shape, elaborate downspouts by Buster Simpson that are literally sculpture on the side of a building. "How can each thing be what it needs to be and add something more?" Childs asked. "How do these (manhole covers, buildings) work together to make a town?"

Childs even suggested a place to begin.

Focus on water

"Water is your key asset," he said. "Take the theme of water as far as the collective imagination will go - streams, rivers, hot springs - how we collect water from the roofs to prevent flooding." Even the underside of the Hot Springs Boulevard Bridge over the river is ideal for an art project.

When asked to clarify if he was suggesting that our community didn't already have a town square, Childs responded: "You have a Main Street with missing teeth and blank walls. It could be stronger. A town square is different than a promenade."

Create your ideas

But Childs was also conscientious in suggesting that the audience and town planners and management copy nothing from his lecture. "Take the ideas and make them your own," he said.

When an audience member asked about gateways, Childs said he was not a big fan of gateways, as gateways. "The East side of town needs to tell a different story. It needs to say you are in Pagosa and it is cool. It needs to tell a story of the river and be a continuation of the Wolf Creek valley."

Town Manager Mark Garcia added he has challenged the Art and Culture Committee to come up with ideas for the gateways.

Childs' provocative ideas were followed Aug. 18 by the practical experience of Joe Napoleon, planning director for the City of Woodland Park, Colo., and Harold Stalf, director of the Grand Junction Downtown Development Authority.

"You have to have an ultimate goal," Stalf said in his opening comments. "Be careful what you dream up. It will take ten to twenty years." Stalf who has also served as town manager for Aspen and Crested Butte spoke from his experience.

Restaurants are anchors

In a downtown, restaurants are anchors and Stalf expressed his belief that downtown business associations and towns need to require that local businesses stay open on nights and weekends like shopping malls. Shopping malls were designed based upon the original concepts of downtowns. In Grand Junction, the major tenants downtown were once Sears and JC Penney.

Downtown Grand Junction features "the serpentine way" a wavy wall planted with trees that lines the main street. It was also the first city to implement an "art on the corner" plan. Today, Grand Junction has 100 sculptures on display; two-thirds of them are owned by the city or the DDA and one-third are rotating, temporary works.

One of Stalf's most entertaining slides was of the art meters - an installation work of old parking meters painted and decorated by artists, now on display in downtown Grand Junction. Grand Junction is unique in that it has a symphony and a 50-year-old art center. Both struggle to survive financially, but Mesa County has been unsuccessful in attempts to implement a Scientific and Cultural Facilities District similar to the funding district on the Front Range.

Stalf believes a community should look at what it already has or could implement every day rather than focusing on big events. "Events are a killer," he said. "Everyday people dine out, they go to movies or a nightclub.

"Planning is not about trails and sidewalks, it's about a lifestyle," Stalf said. "Your 500-pound gorilla is U.S. 160. You can implement narrowing and calming, but if I were you I'd try and get it rerouted."

Retail is fragile

The challenge for downtown business owners is that retail is very fragile. Stalf pointed out the average income in Grand Junction from 1970 until today has remained flat, at around $26,000. But for individual business owners, from 1970 until today, that income has dropped from $26,000 to $18,000. "Chains kill these small stores."

A Downtown Development Authority is a quasi-governmental agency funded by Tax Incremental Financing. In the first 20 years in Grand Junction, the DDA had a budget of about $10 million. They will have a budget of $12,000 in the next five years. In Woodland Park the DDA was created by a TIF bond referendum based on property taxes. This TIF provides $30 million for downtown development. A DDA cannot condemn property, but can purchase and renovate old buildings. In Grand Junction the DDA recently purchased a building that housed a strip club and they will be renovating the property.

"The pressures on beautiful places in Colorado are real," added Napoleon. "The community has to really understand the vision."

Woodland Park is a community of 7,200 permanent residents. Napoleon took the job as planning director in 1994 and all the streets were dirt and the downtown businesses were boarded up with plywood. But Woodland Park wanted to be more than a "potty stop."

Build on heritage

"You have to maintain the identity, history and culture of your community. Never give it up. It has a value you can't put a price on," Napoleon iterated. "You have wonderful things here. Build on who you are. Understand your heritage and history and build on it."

Napoleon acknowledged this is not an easy process because everyone has a different idea, but eventually you can come to a consensus and a plan. "Once we had a plan (in Woodland Park) the boards came off the buildings." He suggested that Pagosa begin by creating an inventory of what we have and what we need.

"Art is not going to be your salvation. Art is one element," Napoleon said. "But it is a very important element. It creates a feel and a look for a community. We added art to our Master Plan and our Downtown Development Authority Plan."

Napoleon advocated that art attracts a certain demographic that is appealing to a community. The value of art is intrinsic and is reflected in the people on the streets and in the schools. "Creating a sense of place is difficult for planners, but art can help," Napoleon said.

The first thing Woodland Park did was to turn its old middle school into the Ute Pass Cultural Center. They had no money to buy art, but serendipitously a local artist donated a sculpture to the town. Today, Woodland Park has public art all over their town, but the town has only spent $200 to purchase one sculpture by a local artisan. The rest of the work has been donated and now developers and business owners try to outdo one another with a bigger and better sculpture. Even the new big box store being built in Woodland Park was required to purchase a $100,000 sculpture from a local artist.

Another thing they did was to move their library downtown and build a new library that today hosts 100,000 visits a year. "The people who frequent libraries add to the value of your community." Napoleon said.

As for graffiti, Napoleon said they have had no problem. "The art is for the people who live in the community. They respect it."

Looking to the future, Napoleon unveiled the lifestyle center being built in downtown Woodland Park. The focus of this center is the Colorado Festival of World Theatre that will feature a 500-seat theatre, a small black box theatre, retail, lodging and residential units. This 21-acre village is a project of the DDA and the request for proposals suggested a village built on the heritage of Woodland Park, a heritage that includes mining, the West and the railroad. Their number one priority was to create a downtown for the people who live in Woodland Park, to capture the regional market and to capture the tourists who now just stop in Woodland Park for a convenience.

"What you're trying to do here is nothing new," Napoleon said. "Every community is doing this type of planning."


A look at humor and/or religion

The Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship will take a break Sunday, Aug. 28, from the serious issues which usually dominate their services with a topic entitled "Humor or/and Religion."

The speaker, who has a long-term interest in world religions, modern thought and literature, will be Brooks Taylor, from the Durango UU Fellowship.

Taylor poses the questions, "Is humor a religious possibility? Or is religion opened up by humor?"

This presentation will both survey major religious movements for humorous elements and assay varieties of humor, from jokes to high irony, for their relationship to the spirit.

The service begins at 10:30 a.m. in the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall, Unit 15, Greenbrier Plaza. Turn east on Greenbrier Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big sign. All are welcome.


Native drummers, dancers, singers gather here Sunday

Representatives of several different Native American nations, including the Sioux, Hopi, Cheyenne, Navajo, Apache and Chippewa will gather Sunday to drum, dance and sing.

The gathering will take place 9:45 a.m. at Mountain Christian Fellowship, 259 Flicker Lane, Aspen Springs.

Visitors are welcome. For more information, call 759-8349.


Choral Society Christmas concerts set

The board of directors of the Pagosa Springs Choral Society is happy to announce the annual Christmas Concert performances will be Dec. 9, 10 and 11.

All three performances will be staged in Pagosa Springs Community Center with 7 p.m. performances the first two days and a 4 p.m. presentation Dec. 11.

All rehearsals will be held in the fellowship hall of Community United Methodist Church, 434 Lewis St., the first at 6:30 p.m. Sept. 6. All others will be 7-9 p.m. on Tuesdays.

There will be a suggested donation fee of $20 per person to help cover the cost of music.

Co-directors Pam Spitler and Larry Elginer conduct the choir and have been busy selecting a wide variety of seasonal and Christmas music for the concert. Shirley McGee accompanies the choir.

Anyone interested in singing, lease come to the first rehearsal or contact Bruce or Sue Kehret at 731-3858 for more information.

September events set at Har Shalom


September activities at Congregation Har Shalom in Durango begin with Shabbaton Weekend Sept. 9-11, with Rabbi Baskin.

The following day will have a 10 a.m. worship and bat mitzvah of Lisa Wickman and dedication of Ner Tamid.

On Sunday, Sept. 11, the congregation will study Judaism 180 with Rabbi Baskin then, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., the rabbi will meet with B'nai Mitzvah families.

Torah study is scheduled 7 p.m. Friday, Sept., 16.

Shabbat services followed by Kiddush with potluck dessert Oneg will be led by members of the congregation 7 p.m. Friday, Sept. 23.

For information about Congregation Har Shalom, call 375-0613.


Computer classes offered for all at ed center

Would you like to learn more about the computer? Do you need a refresher course in computer software applications?

The Archuleta County Education Center is offering a selection of evening computer classes for you. Take a look.

All levels of classes are offered, from beginner to advanced, as well as popular software applications throughout the year. A two-session class - "Get Acquainted with Your Computer" led by Cynde Jackson - will be held Tuesday and Thursday, Aug. 30 and Sept. 1, 5:30-7:30 p.m. This class is an introductory class for those wanting to learn how to operate a computer, for typing correspondence and using the Internet. Microsoft applications like Word and Excel are being offered and will be taught by veteran teacher Dick Babillis. These classes expose students to programs that will help them in their job or business.

If you would like to register for classes or need more information, please contact the Archuleta Education Center at (970) 264-2835 or stop by the office located at 4th and Lewis streets.


Shamrock Festival a haven for book worms

By Christelle Troell

Special to the Preview

Getting ready to stock up on your reading material for those long, winter nights? Then head for the Shamrock Festival Sept. 10 at St. Patrick's Episcopal Church.

The festival Book Nook is already bulging with some of your favorite authors.

Esther Orr and Fran Smith are busy sorting and shelving hundreds of books for your reading pleasure. There will be plenty of fiction and nonfiction works to chose from, as well as biographies and political discourses.

For those leisure hours, there are books on various hobbies including gardening, crafts and photography, as well as cookbooks. There will be a Children's Nook with some delightful, unusual and entertaining books for the younger set to keep them busy during holiday vacations.

There are self-help books in broad categories including spiritual, medical, financial and home repair.

The paperback section is filled with a variety of books from A to Z, including romance and western novels that are fun to curl up with in front of a roaring fire.

Book lovers will find plenty of bargains in the festival Book Nook with individual hardbacks priced at $3 and paperbacks at just $1. There will also be sets of books in various categories offered at bargain prices.

Join the fun Sept. 10 and after you explore the Book Nook, check out the other festival activities including food, bake sale, children's games, yard sale, country cupboard, silent auction, entertainment and a quilt giveaway.

Tickets for the quilt and the evening barbecue dinner are available at the church office, 225 S. Pagosa Blvd., next to the Mary Fisher Clinic.


Music in the Mountains sponsors fifth-grade "Instrument Fair"

By Carole Howard

Special to The PREVIEW

On Friday, Sept. 2, Pagosa's fifth- grade students will have a unique opportunity to learn about and play almost any band instrument they could dream of.

It will happen at an "Instrument Fair" sponsored by Music in the Mountains that will involve students and more than a dozen Pagosa musicians and their instruments.

The event will open at a general fifth grade assembly in the junior high school gym at 10:30 a.m. where community musicians will perform two or three pieces. Then students who are interested in taking band and learning more about each individual instrument will break out to various rooms to meet with the musicians. The total program should take about an hour and a half.

"This Instrument Fair will give our youngsters the opportunity for face-to-face interaction with musicians who are eager to share their knowledge and love of music," said Melinda Baum, a member of the Pagosa Springs Music in the Mountains steering committee and the organizer of this school event. "It also allows young people who want to play in the band to try out different instruments to see which one they like the best."

Local musicians participating in the session include Kathy Baisdon and Tim Bristow on the clarinet, Larry Baisdon on the French horn and trumpet, Karl Mesikapp on the euphonium and tuba, Karen Mesikapp on the trumpet and trombone, Lowell Bynum on the tenor saxophone and trombone, Valley Lowrance on the bassoon, Bob Nordmann on the alto saxophone, Al Olson on the tenor saxophone, Melinda Baum on the flute, D'Ann Artis on the French horn, Rick Artis on the trumpet and Larry Elginer on the trumpet.

"This is a dream come true for kids interested in the band," Baum said. "And we want parents to know they are welcome to attend as well."

The Instrument Fair is one of several school programs sponsored by Music in the Mountains for Pagosa Springs youth. Others include sending our children to a Taste of Music concert in Durango, providing scholarships for Conservatory Music in the Mountains programs at Fort Lewis College, and bringing professional musicians into the schools to conduct workshops.

These programs are made possible by a generous contribution from the Rotary Club as well as funds raised at the annual Music in the Mountains benefit event every summer.

"Research has shown that early introduction to music helps young people perform better in their core classes and also encourages them to become concert-goers and performers," Baum said. "Best of all, the children have fun while they are learning about music and experiencing great performances."


Archuleta County Fair announces Open Class winners

Results have been annouced for the 2005 Archuleta County Fair Open Class competitions.

In the Baked Goods section of the Teen category, Heather Lokey was grand champion, Chance Adams was reserve champion, and Heather Lokey received an honorable mention; in the youth category, Garrett Lyle was grand champion, Emily Greer was reserve champion, and Lashae Smith received an honorable mention; in the adult category, Cindi Owen was grand champion and reserve champion, Betty Hodge and Jade Addison were superintendent's choice, and Joy Losee received an honorable mention; in the professional category, Cindi Owen was grand champion.

In the Beer, Wine and Spirits competition, Mike Musgrove, Jamie Sharp and Tony Simmons were grand champions, Lisa Jensen was reserve champion, and Margie Long was judges' choice.

In the Children's Photography competition, 6-9 category, Colby Anderson was grand champion, Spence Scott was reserve champion, and Jennifer Smith received an honorable mention.

In the Clothing competition, Teen category, Melody Lokey was grand champion, reserve champion and received an honorable mention; in the Youth category, Kayla Walker was grand champion, Danielle Pajak was reserve champion, and Cheyann Walker received an honorable mention; in the Adult category, Vicki Walker and Eugenia Hinger were grand champions, Frances Wholf was reserve champion, and Barbara Witkowski received an honorable mention.

In the Crafts competition, Teen category, Aaron Lokey was grand champion, Bailey Wessels-Halverson was reserve champion and received an honorable mention; in the Adult category, Chrissy Karas was grand champion, Helen Cole was reserve champion, and Cliff Partney was superintendents' choice.

In the Field Crops competition, Adrian Daugaard was grand champion, reserve champion, judges' choice and received an honorable mention.

In the Fine Arts competition, 13-15 category, Will Laverty was grand champion and Crystal Purcell was reserve champion; in the 16-19 category, Caitlin Forrest was grand champion, Hayley Goodman was reserve champion, and Matt DeWinter and Caitlin Forrest received honorable mentions; in the Novice category, Dale Schwicker was grand champion and reserve champion; in the Advanced Category, Ray Diffee was grand champion and Sally Feil was reserve champion; in the Semi-Pro category, Diane Ousterling was grand champion, Evelyn Miner was reserve champion and received an honorable mention; in the Professional Category, Harvey Clemens and Darlene Cotton were grand champions.

In the Floriculture competition, Teen category, Heather Lokey was grand champion, reserve champion and received an honorable mention; in the Youth category, Bethany Wanket was grand champion and reserve champion, and Katherine Harnick received an Honorable Mention; in the Adult Category, Jody Hott was grand champion and received a Special, Mare was reserve champion, and Pat Vermilyea received an honorable mention.

In the Fruits and Vegetables competition, Teen category, Heather Lokey was grand champion and reserve champion, and Melody Lokey received an honorable mention; in the Youth Category, Spence Scott was grand champion, Julia Adams was reserve champion, and Ben Lokey received an honorable mention; in the Adult category, Chrissy Karas was grand champion and Judges' Choice, David Lokey was reserve champion and Tom Lokey received an honorable mention.

In the Home Furnishings competition, in the Youth category, Shayleh Lucero was grand champion; in the Adult category, David Richter and Eric Giberson were grand champions, and Craig Warner was judges' choice.

In the Needlework competition, Teen category, Audrey Miller was grand champion; in the Youth category, Sable Baxstrom was grand champion, Danielle Pajak was reserve champion, and Bethany Wanket received an honorable mention; in the Adult category, Jerry Jackson was grand champion, Helen Moore was reserve champion, Eugenia Hinger was judges' choice, and Ann Shurtleff received an honorable mention; in the Professional Category, Melanie Lorenzen was grand champion.

In the Photography competition, in the Teen category, Melody Lokey and Aaron Lokey were grand champions, Chance Adams and Aaron Lokey were reserve champions; in the Am. Adult category, Jim Struck was grand champion and Marilyn Pruter was reserve champion; in the Professional category, Linda Pampinelli was grand champion and judges' choice, and Al Olson was reserve champion.

In the Preserved Foods competition, Teen category, Melody Lokey was grand champion and received an honorable mention, and Heather Lokey was reserve champion; in the Youth category, Katie Laverty was grand champion and reserve champion, and received an honorable mention; in the Adult category, Deb Hermann and Malissa Lokey were grand champions, H. Koelsch was reserve champion, David Lokey received an honorable mention, and Cindi Owen was superintendent's choice.

In the Quilting competition, Youth/Adult category, Mary Kurt-Mason was grand champion; in the Adult category, Barbara Draper was grand champion, Virginia Bartlett was reserve champion, Janet Donavan and Helen Bartlett were judges' choice, Mary Kurt-Mason was superintendent's choice, and Susan Allen and Joan Blue received CQC Awards.


Local Chatter

Shamrock festival looms as a major Pagosa social event

By Kate Terry

PREVIEW Columnist

For years, St. Patrick's Episcopal Church has held a bazaar the second week in September.

Last year the congregation made it into a big event and gave it a new name - The Shamrock Festival - and the activities lasted all day. It was a huge success and this year the event will be as big.

Everything starts 8 a.m. (except the barbecue). This includes a breakfast, a garage sale, a silent auction, a bake sale, crafts, a country cupboard (with country items), a book sale, a quilt auction and expanded activities for children.

The day ends with a BYOB cocktail party followed by the barbecue.

The quilt will be raffled at 5 p.m., just before the barbecue.

The bake sale will include the traditional casseroles and soups.

The silent auction includes a sauna, a week in a North Carolina beach home (in March), an Ansel Adams print, three hours of fly fishing and a set of flies, an airplane flight over Pagosa and much more.

And now to tell about the expanded activities for children.

There will be a pony ride, a jump-o-rama, a corn-shucking contest, a cowboy's horse and a unicorn to pet. And there will be photographers there to take pictures.

A note here: Last year at the Shamrock Festival, I had my picture made with the llama whose name was Ellie. She kissed me and the picture is still on my bulletin board.

The Shamrock Festival will be at St. Patrick's Episcopal Church on South Pagosa Boulevard.

Auction for animals

The Humane Society's 11th annual Auction for the Animals is scheduled Friday at the community center.

Advance tickets can be purchased at the Society's Thrift Store, Moonlight Books and WolfTracks Bookstore and Coffee. They are $25 with beer and wine tasting, $15 without. Tickets at the door are $30 and $25.

The wine and beer tickets include a wine glass or beer stein. For some people, these glasses are collectors' items.

If you have never been to one of these auctions, now is the time, for it's a big, fun, exciting event - one of Pagosa's real social events - and this year's promises to be its biggest ever.

Fun on the run

If cats wore T-shirts this is what they might say:

- Purrfection cannot be improved.

- If you don't like my attitude, you should see my cat.

- Take my advice, I'm not using it.

- I'd like to help you out. Which way did you come in?

- Cats know how we feel. They don't care, but they know.

- Dogs have owners; Cats have staff.


Community Center News

Final CVC arts, culture lecture tonight

By Mercy Korsgren

PREVIEW Columnist

Tonight is the last of the three CVC Arts and Culture presentations, this one about "Creating a Vision for Downtown: Weaving Public Art, Urban Design and Streetscape into Livable Community," with Nore Winter and Joe Napoleon as our presenters.

Winter is an urban design and planning consultant for more than 25 years specializing in services to communities with special amenities, distinctive natural settings and traditional neighborhoods that seek to protect their heritage.

Napoleon, on the other hand, is planning director for the City of Woodland Park, and staff liaison between the city and the Downtown Development Authority. He currently serves on the board of directors for the Colorado Community Revitalization Association and is involved in the Colorado Festival of World Theatre.

Auction for the Animals

Don't forget, an event no one wants to miss - the annual Auction for the Animals - is 5:30 p.m. Friday. Proceeds from this once-a-year fund-raising effort will help the animal shelter pay operating costs. There is wine/beer tasting and hors d'oeuvres while you are checking the many fabulous items available for bidding. Tickets are available at Humane Society Thrift Store, Chamber of Commerce, Moonlight Books and Wolf Tracks Book Store.

Ready to meet

The Community Center Advisory and Fundraising Committee is ready to meet with their ideas.

New volunteers added are Jerry Arrington (who was our emcee during the Patriotic Sing-Along Night), representing the Fairfield area; Heather Hunt, Wendy Saunders and Gary Kimble, representing our youth, business/marketing, and faith-based groups, respectively. The list includes Joe Nanus representing the Archuleta Seniors, Inc.; Mary Jo Coulehan, Chamber of Commerce; Jan Brookshier, PSPFC Board; and Kayla Douglass, Arts Council. The board is almost complete. We need one more volunteer to represent the education sector or the nonprofits and, with this, the board will have nine members.

This group will help decide what programs and special events to have here for the community and what fund-raising efforts to conduct for the community center. They will also be involved in some policy making. For more information call me at 264-4152, Ext. 22.

Computer lab

This week's seniors' class was the last in the beginning computing series. The topic for discussion was e-mail. You might be surprised to know that there are a lot of things to consider when choosing an e-mail provider. Perhaps the most important one is cost — is free e-mail just as good as the kind you pay for? Some of the class participants are using e-mail offered by their Internet Service Providers. That could be a hindrance if you think you might ever be interested in changing ISPs; then you would also have to change your e-mail address. It's not an impossible task, just annoying.

Other points to consider in making an e-mail choice are: storage space, built-in spam filtering, virus protection, limitations on message or attachment size, and SMTP and POP3 support. These last two allow you to pull your messages onto the computer you are using and view and manipulate them using a program such as Thunderbird, Outlook, or Kmail.

Some caveats:

Be careful if you open messages from people/organizations you don't know; they may put unwelcome programs on your computer.

Keep your anti-spy ware and virus definitions up to date, and then don't forget to actually run your anti-spy ware and anti-virus programs regularly. Some class participants did not realize that some of these programs can be set to do automatic system scans on a regular schedule. Look in your programs' options to see what's available to you.

Be on the lookout for any e-mail which appears to come from a business or organization and which asks you to go to a Web site where you must enter personal data. This is a scam called PHISHING (sounds like fishing). In this case, the bad guys are asking for information about you which could lead to identity theft. The proper response is to contact the organization, let them know what is happening, and promptly delete the e-mail.

Computer classes will be suspended for the next two weeks, Aug. 30 and Sept. 6 since Becky will be on vacation. Classes will resume Sept. 13. At that time we will be deciding what topics to cover in the months of October and November.

Upcoming events

Thinking about Labor Day weekend in Pagosa and the Four Corners Music Festival? The center is providing shower service for $3 per day Friday, Saturday and Sunday, Sept. 2-4 from 8-10 a.m. The center will be closed Monday, Sept. 6, in observance of Labor Day.

Class cancelled

It seems the cooking class scheduled to start Sept. 8 will be cancelled. Only two people signed up. If you are one of those interested in this class, yet still can't make up your mind, call now. We may cancel this program if we don't get eight participants. Call and let me know if the hours are the problem. Again the class is free but members will be asked to share the cost of the ingredients, with a $10 maximum. Call 264-4152, Ext. 21.

Hunters', Harvest Ball

The advisory board will meet in early September and I will present an idea for this fund-raising event to be held sometime in October during the hunting season. Norm Vance, who was responsible for organizing similar events years ago has agreed to help. In fact, Norm has loaned me a video tape of the previous event and it is fun and a sure money maker. Watch for further information.

Another event I have in mind is the Festival of Trees to be held during the holiday season in December. The idea started with Paula Bain. I went online and, voila, I now have a manual on "How To" concerning this fund-raising event. The success of this event will depend on the participation of the whole community - individuals, businesses and the non-profit groups. We'll see what the new advisory board has to say about these two events.

Activities needed

Do you have a special talent or hobby you would like to share? We're looking for volunteers interested in forming interest groups. Someone even asked about the possibility of staring an Irish/Scottish dancing group for fun. Call me, 264-4152.

Activities this week

Today - CVC Creative Spaces Speaker Series, 6-8 p.m.

Friday, Aug. 26 - Seniors walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; seniors bridge club, 12:30-4 p.m.; Humane Society banquet and auction, 5:30-8:30 p.m.

Sunday, Aug 28 - Church of Christ Sunday Service, 9 a.m.-noon; Grace Evangelical Free Church Service, 10 a.m.-noon; United Pentecostal Church Service, 2-4 p.m.

Monday, Aug. 29 - Seniors walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; watercolor class. 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.; seniors bridge club, 12:30-4 p.m.; Building Blocks 4 Health, 4:30-5:30 p.m.

Tuesday, Aug. 30 - Watercolor class, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.; seniors walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; seniors computer class, and question and answer will resume Sept. 13.

Wednesday, , Aug 31 - Watercolor class, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.; Wednesday bridge club, 10 a.m.-3 p.m.; Church of Christ Bible study, 7-8 p.m.


Education News

Education Center revises programming

By Livia Cloman Lynch

PREVIEW Columnist

A new year of programming is underway at the Archuleta County Education Center.

If your child needs academic assistance or would like to participate in fun and educational after-school classes, we have a complete new slate of offerings available.

To make participation easy for children and parents alike, all of our after-school classes are held in the school buildings. K-4 classes are held in Room 3 at the elementary school, and classes for 5-8 graders are held in the junior high building.

Our elementary tutoring program will start Sept. 7 under the continued leadership of coordinator Lucille Stretton. As usual, we will have tutoring and enrichment courses offered Monday through Thursday after school.

On Fridays, we will once again be offering a Friday afternoon fun club that will be held each week from 1:30 until 5 p.m. This will provide a safe and fun option for those parents who need childcare on Friday afternoons.

In addition to tutoring, we have a full lineup of fun classes available for your child. On Tuesdays and Thursdays, Tessie Garcia will be leading creative art projects at the elementary school. On Mondays and Wednesdays, we are offering the popular class Whiz Kids, where youngsters get to explore fun math and science activities. The class Puppeteers is back this year by popular demand and will be offered on Wednesdays starting Sept. 7. Philosophy for Children is a new class offered on Tuesdays for youth in grades 2-4 and on Mondays and Wednesdays for youth in grades K-1. Throughout the year, we will be providing a variety of fun and educational classes in theater, dance, foreign language, jewelry making, and many other areas.

Our Homework Center for youth in grades 5-8 will start Sept. 19 and will again be held in the junior high library. Becky Johnson, our after-hours coordinator for this age group, will be available to help your child with their homework Monday through Thursday after school.

This year, we are implementing some changes to make enrolling your child easier.

During the first week of school, we will send home with your child our annual school aged enrollment form. Once we have a completed enrollment form on file, you will be able to register your child for any of our after-school activities by either coming by our office at 4th and Lewis streets or by telephone when paying by credit card.

For more information about any of our classes, please call the Archuleta County Education Center at 264-2835. Our office is open Monday through Thursday, 9 a.m.-5 p.m. and on Fridays, 9 a.m.-noon.


Senior News

Summer's end picnic is at noon Friday

By Musetta Wollenweber

SUN Columnist

Here it comes:

Summer's End Picnic:

- Great picnic.

- Toga party.

- Pie eating contest.

- Celebrate August birthdays.

Get out your sheets and get creative with your very own toga creation, it's Toga party time at Picnic in Town Park Friday!

For those of you who are participating in the pie eating contest you'll be ready to dig in with no worries about messing up your clothes. Who will win the prize for gobbling down their pie the fastest? We'll also be celebrating August birthdays! Thank you to Seniors, Inc. who have graciously discounted the birthday babies meal (if you are 60 +) to just $1. The kitchen staff will be serving up BBQ pork chops, corn on the cob, broccoli salad, cantaloupe, roll and a birthday cupcake.

As always we'll have the croquet set up and bubbles on each table for bubble blowing contests. I challenge you to try and take over my top notch performance in croquet. Celebrate the great summer we have enjoyed by joining us this Friday at noon in Town Park, be there or be square.

Horseback riding

Dig out that western gear and go horseback riding 1 p.m. Wednesday, Aug. 31 when $20 will get you an hour scenic ride into the beautiful hills of Pagosa Springs just outside of town. The weight limit is 250 pounds and you must be physically active to participate. Be sure to sign up by Friday, Aug. 26, yee haw!

Ice cream social

On Friday, Sept. 2, we'll enjoy our last ever popular ice cream social and sing-a-long of the summer, but we need a volunteer to play the piano for our sing-a-long! At 1 p.m.-ish we'll have some of those favorite song sheets ready to go along with a great dish of ice cream. If you haven't already, bring along your favorite topping to share with others, strawberry sauce, banana and peanuts would be fine with me!

Council on Aging

The local council on aging, (Archuleta Seniors, Inc.), met Aug. 12. Here's a quick recap of some of the goings on:

- An allocation of funds has been made to beautify the area across the driveway outside the dining area.

- A committee has been formed for the purpose of determining the needs of our senior population five years from now. Anyone interested in participating on this committee, please contact Musetta at 264-2167.

- Plans for the fundraising Oktoberfest gala affair are underway, the event to be held October 15.

The public is encouraged to join us at our monthly meetings, the second Friday of every month at 1 p.m. at the Senior Center.

Humane Society

Do you love animals? Do you want to lend a helping hand with homeless pets? Join the "Den" 1:15 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 7 to volunteer an hour of your time at the Pagosa Humane Society. If you are a dog person, help walk an adoptable dog so it may get some exercise and attention. If you are a cat person, you can help with cat socialization by petting them and helping them get ready for a new home. Volunteering can be fun so let's give back to our community and give some animals in need a little love.

Durango Fun

It's time to get signed up for the trip to Durango on Thursday, Sept. 8. John will leave here around 8 a.m. and begin picking up all you eager folks heading for Durango. You'll enjoy the day with a stop at Wal-Mart, JC Penney's, a lunch outing and maybe even a trip downtown. The day is yours, you decide what best suits your needs and let your chauffeur know where to take you. The suggested donation for folks 60+ is $5. It might just be time to start your holiday shopping or get those needed birthday gifts. Give us a call and get your seat reserved on the bus.

Expanded bus route

Remember, we are now servicing a larger part of the community. If you live on the way out to the Turkey Springs Trading Post area, the San Juan River Village or four miles down U.S. 84, we're waiting to hear from you! Check out our new bus and come on in and visit. If you're a little shy, then grab a friend or family member for your first visit and then check out the bus and enjoy the ride for a one dollar suggested donation.

Railroad adventure

We have come to realize the importance of our families' history and our heritage. It is this rich and colorful heritage that makes the Durango & Silverton Railroad so spectacular. The railroad pioneers of the 1880s struggled to build the line through rough country, climbing deep into the rugged wilderness in order to haul silver and gold ore out of the mountains.

Celebrate their accomplishments and their determination with the "Den" on Thursday, Sept. 22 as we take a trip on the train traveling the same route, along the same rail line originally built in 1881. After a 3.5 hour train ride through breathtaking landscape, spend a few hours in the quaint town of Silverton before returning to Durango via bus. (Bring some money for lunch and souvenirs). This adventure is limited to 18 lucky people, so sign up quick before Wednesday, Sept. 7. The cost is $62.10 per person with our group discount. Meet at the "Den" at 6:45 a.m. on Thursday, Sept. 22 and the bus will depart by 6:55 a.m. returning to the "Den" at approximately 5:30 p.m. Transportation provided by the "Den" for $5. Join us for this magnificent journey, enjoying the bright fall colors and the beautiful mountain scenery on the Durango & Silverton Railway.

Barbeque, Wagon Ride

Take a ride on a horsedrawn wagon pulled by a team of big Clydesdales to a rustic setting where you will enjoy the best Barbeque around with all the fixin's. Meet at scenic Astraddle-A-Saddle at 5:05 p.m. with the wagon ride beginning at 5:20 p.m. Tuesday, Sept. 13 and enjoy real outdoor home cookin' with chicken, brisket, corn, beans, rolls plus much more all for $20. It's all you can eat, too! After dinner join us in singing and relaxing around the campfire. Sign-up with the "Den" by Friday, Sept. 9 to participate in the fun. Carpooling will be the mode of transportation. Winter is just around the corner so get out and enjoy the fall weather before it's too late!

Activities at a Glance

Friday, Aug. 26 - Qi Gong 10 a.m.; Summer's End Picnic in Town Park, noon.

Monday, Aug. 29 - Medicare counseling, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; gym walk, 11:15; Bridge 4 Fun, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, Aug. 30 - No computer class; gym walk, 11:15; Canasta, 1 p.m

Wednesday, Aug. 31 - Yoga in Motion, 10 a.m.; Pinochle, 1 p.m.

Friday, Sept. 2 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; Veteran's Services, noon; Bridge 4 Fun, 1 p.m.; Ice Cream Social and Sing Along 1 p.m.

Menus - (subject to change)

Suggested donation $2.50 for ages 60-plus, all others $4.50.

Salad bar every day - 11:30 a.m.

Friday, Aug. 26 - Picnic in the Park with BBQ pork chops, corn on the cob, broccoli salad, cantaloupe, roll, birthday cupcake and pie eating contest.

Monday, August 29 - BBQ beef on a bun, veggie medley, fresh fruit and brownie.

Tuesday, Aug. 30 - Chicken salad, confetti slaw, orange wedge and apricots.

Wednesday, Aug. 31- Scalloped potatoes and ham, spinach and cinnamon applesauce

Thursday, Sept. 1 - Meal served in Arboles, please call 24 hours in advance for reservations.

Friday, Sept. 2- Chicken stew with veggies, cauliflower, biscuit and fruit mix.


Veteran's Corner

Safest bet for VA health care:

fulfill all the requirements

By Andy Fautheree

PREVIEW Columnist

As many readers know from following my column, I strongly urge veterans to get into VA health care. Once in, it is important to stay in the VA health care system by making an appointment at least once a year, or more often, as needed.

The third step is to complete the financial "Means Test" required each year on your enrollment anniversary date. The information should be based on your previous calendar year adjusted gross family income and all "out-of-pocket" medical expenses.

Means test needed

I have often expressed my opinions concerning the need for the Means Tests in this column, but for now it is required by the VA health care system to continue receiving this benefit. Some of our veterans receive a notice each year with forms included to complete this requirement. Others are not notified.

Some vets notified

I'm not sure why some are notified and some not. It may hinge on the fact that if you were enrolled prior to Jan. 17, 2003, and checked off the "no I do not wish to disclose my financial information" box it is possible you will not receive the notice. However, if you enrolled after that date, financial information was required for enrollment. The problem is that all veterans in VAHC Priority 2 or below essentially must provide an annual Means Test, with some exceptions.

Fulfill requirement

The safest bet is to fulfill the VA health care system request and provide your financial information. VA health care services could be denied for failure to do so each year. For those of you I assisted in enrolling in VAHC, it is not necessary for you to fill out the forms yourself. I have a computerized copy of your VAHC information and original application form and can do this for you. Just stop by my office once a year for a few minutes and it is a done deal!

Determines co-pay

Once enrolled in VAHC the Means Test form is to determine the co-pay requirements and provide up dated personal information such as a change of address, dependents, etc.

Income figures

Here are the income limitations for those of you who do not have service connected disabilities, a purple heart or other special veteran qualifications, and wish to enroll in VA health care under the current enrollment guidelines. This is specific to Archuleta County based the federal HUD formula.

Single Veteran, $28,950

Veteran w/1 dependent, $33,100

Veteran w/2 dependents, $37,200

Veteran w/3 dependents, $41,350

(and so on)

Medical deduction

The out-of-pocket medical deduction is rather complicated. Contrary to my earlier thinking, it is not 100-percent deducted from income figures to arrive at an enrollment qualifying income level.

Complicated formula

The VA informs me "for the income year being assessed, the medical deduction withheld equals 5 percent of the previous year's basic pension rate." As an example: The VA Pension rate in 2003 is $9,556. Deductible withheld 5 percent of $9,556, or $478; 2002 veteran's non-reimbursed medical expenses for Income Year 2002 equals $1,200. Medical expense deduction entered on the 1010EZR (Means Test Form) equals $1,200 minus $478 equals $722. In other words, even though your out-of-pocket medical expenses are $1,200, only $722 will be deducted from your income to determine your enrollment eligibility.

Once in, stay in

Remember, though, for those of you already enrolled in VAHC, the information on your Means Tests is only used to determine if you will be required to pay co-pays. You will not be denied VAHC services for the income information you provide because you are "grand fathered" into the system.


Don't forget to call or stop by my office with your VA health care appointments for the Share-A-Ride program. Help a fellow veteran who may be going to the same VA facility. Give me a call if you can provide transportation or need transportation. I will keep a calendar of who is going where to coordinate this important program.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is at 400 South Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, CO 81301 (next to Big 5 Sports). Phone number is 247-2214. Albuquerque VAMC phone number is (800) 465-8262.

Further Information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office on the lower floor of the vounty vourthouse. The office number is 264-8375, fax is 264-8376 and e-mail is afautheree@ The office is open 8 a.m.-4 p.m., Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Library News

Friends of Library book sale Sept. 3 on Chamber grounds

By Sharee Grazda

Special to The PREVIEW

The annual book sale sponsored by the Friends of the Library will be 9 a.m-3 p.m. Saturday, Sept. 3 on the grounds of the Chamber of Commerce Visitor Center.

This will be your opportunity to gather up some great books for your winter reading book shelves.

A variety of books will be available for your purchase, including cookbooks and mysteries. Bookmarks featuring the work of several local artists will also be available. These inexpensive bookmarks are attractive, useful, and make a nice surprise slipped into a Christmas card or as a memento for a visiting guest.

The new library director, Christine Anderson, will join Friends volunteers at the book sale and sees the event as " a great opportunity to meet neighbors and to hear directly from them how our library can fulfill the needs and enhance the lives of the adults and children, residents and visitors of this wonderful community."

Volunteers will ask that you sign up your City Market Value Card to benefit the library. The Kroger Cares program contributes back to our community through your purchases at City Market. If your Value Card is designated to benefit the library, no extra cost is added to your grocery bill, just a portion of all sales made on designated Value Cards is returned to the Friends to help support the library.

If you are not currently a member of the Friends of the Library, we would like to tempt you to join with an added benefit this year: a members-only preview tour and reception at the new library before it opens to the public.

Annual membership for individuals is $5, for a family it is $10, and the lifetime membership is only $100.

Funds raised through the book and bookmark sales, Value Card proceeds and memberships are used by the Friends in a variety of ways to support your library. The exciting children's summer reading program and even something as mundane as the bulk mailing permit are supported with Friends' donations.

You may reserve your membership now by sending a check to "Friends of the Library," PO Box 849, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147. The friendly staff at the library will also gladly accept your membership there, as will the volunteers at the book sale.


Arts Line

Watercolor club exhibit through September

By Kayla Douglass

PREVIEW Columnist

The members of the watercolor club will exhibit watercolor paintings for the month of September at the art gallery in Town Park.

The exhibit will begin with an opening reception 5-7 p.m. Sept. 1. Please come and join us to view and encourage local painters. The exhibit will be on display through Sept. 28.

The watercolor club of Pagosa Springs meets the third Wednesday of the month and all watercolorists are encouraged to attend.

Final week

Seven members of the Pagosa Springs Photography Club are exhibiting their prints through Aug. 31 at the Pagosa Springs Arts Council building. The club members who have committed to the exhibit are: Scott Allen, Bruce Andersen, Jan Brookshier, Barbara Conkey, Al Olson, Jim Struck and Bill Woggon.

Each participant is showing up to three of his or her fine art prints.

Also exhibiting local artist Cynthia Harrison, with her handmade jewelry. She uses a lost wax fabrication method for jewelry creation in sterling silver, fine silver, and 14-karat gold, as well as jewelry with stone insets. This show will feature her horse-themed jewelry.

Regular gallery hours to view the show are 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Tuesday through Friday.

Peoples Choice deadline

The PSAC sponsored the second annual Juried Art Exhibit this month at the Wild Spirit Art Gallery.

Exhibits are usually held at the Arts Council Gallery in Town Park, but this month there are two sponsored exhibits: the Juried Art Exhibit at Wild Spirit and the photo club exhibit in combination with jeweler Cynthia Harrison at the Arts Council Gallery.

The Juried Art Exhibit features fine art in water media, oil, pastels and drawings and PSAC is awarding prizes totaling $1,800.

The first-place award for $1,000 was given to Pat Erickson for her watercolor titled "Input Overload." Second place, $500, was awarded to Eric Cundy, for his colored pencil titled "Desert Hallucination," and Lynn Cluck won the third-place award of $200 for her pastel titled "Left Over." Two honorable mentions were awarded - to Patricia Black for her Watercolor "Indian Corn VI" and to Darlene Cotton for her acrylic and gouache piece, "Colorado Bear Country."

Other artists in the exhibit include Sandy Applegate, David Guthrie, Julian Ralph, Maryellen Morrow, Lynne Toepfer, Verna Marie Campbell, and Sabine Baeckmann Elge.

The People's Choice Award of $100 will be given at the end of the exhibit.

Be sure to stop by the Wild Spirit Gallery this month to vote for your favorite.

Pagosa artist Carole Cooke was the selection juror. Carole is known for her evocative plein aire landscapes. She is a participant in such prestigious annual exhibitions as the Masters of the American West at the Autry National Center in Los Angeles, Calif; the Western Visions Exhibition at the National Museum of Wildlife Art in Jackson Hole, Wyo; and the Colorado Governor's Invitational Show at the Loveland Museum of Art in Colorado. Carole has been featured in Southwest Art Magazine and was recently profiled again in the May/June 2005 issue of Art of the West Magazine.

The exhibit will be on display until Aug. 31. A special thank you to Wild Spirit Art Gallery for hosting this exhibit and to Herman Riggs Realty for the generous donation toward the awards prize.

Creative spaces

The Community Vision Council Arts and Culture Committee is proud to present a series of three talks in August. All begin with a reception 6 p.m.-6:30 p.m., and the presentation 6:30-8:30 p.m. and are held at the community center.

The third and final talk is tonight, "Creating a Vision for Downtown: Weaving Public Art, Urban Design and Streetscape into a Livable Community" with speaker Nore Winter, an urban design and planning consultant for more than 25 years. Winter specializes in services to communities with special amenities, distinctive natural settings and traditional neighborhoods that seek to protect their heritage.

For more information contact Angela Atkinson at 731-9897.

Joye Moon workshop

Joye will once again conduct a four-day watercolor workshop for the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. She will present a plein aire (painting outside) event. This fast-paced class will take us to a new location each day. The community center will be our back up studio space in case of inclement weather.

You will learn the ins and outs of painting outdoors. The class will deal with how to create textures found in nature, perspective as well as how to easily paint mountains, rock, creeks, grasses and beautiful skies. Joye will demonstrate at each location several times during the day and prides herself in giving each student individual attention. There will be a gentle yet informative critique at the end of each day.

Don't miss this one time opportunity to paint en plein aire with Joye Moon, Aug. 29-Sept. 1, at Pagosa Springs Community Center, 9:30 a.m.- 4:30 p.m. Cost for four days is $200 for PSAC members and $225 for nonmembers. Cost per day: $55 members/$60 for nonmembers. Space is limited so sign now at 264-5020.

Calendar available

This is the first year of an ongoing calendar produced by local artists reflecting Pagosa Country. This 14-page full color calendar features images for the twelve months as well as a cover image. Works featured are from local artists Bruce Anderson, J. D. Kurz, Jan Brookshier, Sabine Baeckman-Elge, Jeanine Malaney, Jeff Laydon, Ginnie Bartlett, Claire Goldrick, Barbara Rosner, and Tom Lockhart. Artwork exhibited included photography, oil, fabric art, watercolor and mixed media.

The 2006 calendars are available to purchase through the Arts Council at a price of $9.95 plus tax for nonmembers and $8.95 plus tax for PSAC members. This is the first season of an annual Pagosa Country Scenic calendar, stop by and pick up yours now - don't forget they make great Christmas gifts.

Denny and Ginnie

Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett will teach their Intermediate watercolor I workshop Sept. 12-14.

This workshop builds on Beginners I and II, and uses everything students learned in those classes.

In Intermediate I students will continue to learn from these two talented instructors as they create independently. Included will be working from photographs, value sketching, understanding space and proportion and adding people to your paintings. Mornings will be lessons and exercises, with handouts covering the lessons. Afternoons will be spent painting, using that morning's lessons. Class is 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. daily at the community center. Bring your own lunch and art supplies. Call PSAC at 264-5020 to sign up now. Cost is $123.50 for PSAC members and $130 for nonmembers.

Photography club

The Pagosa Springs Photography Club will resume its winter meeting schedule 5:30 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 14, in the art room of the community center.

The tentative program schedule includes a presentation by Paul Boyer of Durango on "Photographing Newfoundland"; "Digital Basics for the Serious Photographer," by Bruce Andersen, is set for October; "Family Photos/Scrapbook" for November; and a Christmas Party with Show and Tell for December.

In conjunction with every meeting, the club holds a photo competition for members. There are two competition categories: an open category where any subject is allowed, and a theme category where the subject must conform to the specified theme. The themes are: September - "Summer"; October - "Balloons"; November - "Fall Color"; December - "Multiple Exposure."

Interested photography enthusiasts are welcome to attend the first meeting at no charge. Any and all are invited to join for a very modest annual fee.

For more information, contact club president Jim Struck at 731-6468 or

Mion workshop

PSAC is pleased to announce a watercolor workshop with well-know artist Pierre Mion.

His illustrative works have been exhibited worldwide and are included in the NASA Fine Arts and the Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum's collections. Some notable clients are: The National Geographic Society, Smithsonian Magazine, Look, Life, Popular Science, Reader's Digest, Air & Space Magazine.

During his career, Pierre has worked with Jacques Cousteau, Gilbert Grosvenor, Carl Sagan, Wernher Von Braun, Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clark, Robert Ballard, Michael Collins, to name a few. During the Vietnam conflict, Mr. Mion worked simultaneously for the U.S. Marine Corps and National Geographic doing combat art and story illustrations. He was a member of the Apollo 16 recovery team aboard the USS Ticonderoga in the South Pacific and covered many rocket launches at Cape Kennedy.

In 1966 Norman Rockwell called on Pierre to assist him with a series of space paintings for Look Magazine. For the next twelve years they collaborated on a number of assignments for both Look and IBM until Rockwell's death in 1978.

The workshop will be held 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Oct. 4-6 at the community center. Bring your own lunch. Cost for the workshop is $240 for PSAC members and $265 for nonmembers. Mion wants his students to discover the joy and excitement of watercolor painting. He intends to give them his techniques of step-by-step ways to achieve a finished painting. This class is for all ability levels and will be one on one instruction. The theme is fall subjects and he will provide photos to work from.

Class size is limited. Make your reservation by calling 264-5020. After making your reservation Pierre will be talking directly to each student regarding a supply list.

Randall's on hold

Due to Randall Davis' schedule there are no drawing classes scheduled for August or September. He will resume his one- Saturday-a-month class again in October. Stay tuned for time and date.

Woodworking exhibit

Pagosa Springs is the home of many woodworkers who design and construct a wide range of products including furniture, turned bowls, carvings etc.

PSAC will again sponsor an exhibit where Pagosa's finest woodworkers can show their newest wares. The Fine Woodworking Exhibit starts Sept. 29 and continues through Oct. 31. PSAC is now requesting applications from area woodworkers. Selection will emphasize a balance between art and craftsmanship.

For more information, contact the art gallery at 264-5020 or e-mail at or contact David Smith at 264-6647 or e-mail

Events calendar

All PSAC classes and workshops are held in the arts and craft space in the community center, unless otherwise noted.

All exhibits are shown at the gallery in Town Park, unless otherwise noted.

Aug. 29-Sept. 1 - Joye Moon plein aire watercolor workshop, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

Sept.1-28 - Watercolor club exhibit.

Sept. 12-14 - Intermediate watercolor workshop with Denny and Ginnie 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Sept. 14 - Photo club meeting 5:30 p.m.

Oct. 4 -6 - Watercolor workshop with Pierre Mion.

October - Artist studio tour.

November - 2005 gallery tour.

Artsline is a communication vehicle of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. For inclusion in Artsline, send information to PSAC e-mail ( We would love to hear from you regarding suggestions for Artsline. Events in surrounding areas will be included when deemed of interest to our readers.


Food for Thought

If it's bad mac and cheese, it's 1956

By Karl Isberg

PREVIEW Columnist




Vladimir Nabokov titled his autobiography "Speak, Memory."

In the off chance I do anything worth noting in an autobiography, I'll title mine "Eat, Memory."

Being of Bergsonian bent, I've never adjusted to temporal convention. I swim in the flow of things; no literalist, and lacking analytical talent, I have difficulty knowing what day of the week it is. I don't remember important calendar dates. Absent the encumbrance of employment and the television schedule, I would be hard pressed to tell you what time it is; I've never owned a watch.

I entertain existence in terms of duration.

I believe my situation has something to do with the fact Danny Freeman beaned me in the temple with a baseball bat when I was a lad; I do not recall events in my life relative to the year or month or day when they happen. Even the places in which events occur are of secondary importance.

For me, duration is marked best by food, by the flow of existence between poles marking the discoveries of powerful, soon-to-be favorite dishes.

Food is time for me, and food experiences are my most effective mnemonic devices.

So, the other day, when someone asked my age, I had to engage in an extremely laborious process.

I excused myself, telling the person I would get back to her with the answer. I went home and made an elaborate chart that I thumbtacked to the wall, manipulating the elements until the answer was clear.

On the chart were layer upon layer of time lines, each representing a certain duration defined by foods. The length of a strip indicated the extent of a duration; the color of a strip - gold, silver, bronze - represented the quality of the terminus of the duration.

After the lines were in place, I subjectively weighted the quality of each duration then, with a calculator, worked out correspondences between durations and linear time.

I began with the period between my discovery of a peanut butter and jelly sandwich on buttered white bread (consumed with a glass of cold milk) and the first time I tasted a fresh berry tart, the berries embedded in a firm lemon curd. I figured that line should be about four inches long, and silver in color.

Next up: the period between my first terrifying encounter with school lunchroom macaroni and cheese, and the first time I had mac and cheese the way it should be made - the way my grandmother Mabel made it: al dente rigatoni baked with a bechamel rich with garlic, cheddar, mozzarella, gruyere and Parmesan, a breadcrumb crust golden&emdash;brown from the broiler. That line: an inch and a half, but as gold as a rare sunset.

How about the duration defined by the transition from maudlin pancakes to Aunt Hazel's paupiettes? Oh those incredible crepes, filled with a mix of minced veal, mushrooms and spinach bonded in a custardy gel, the dish baked with a fresh tomato and basil sauce. A silver line of two inches.

Then there was the Middle Eastern duration, from Helen Habib's kibbeh baked each month when I was very young, to falafel and hummus sampled at a stand on the Lower East side of Manhattan. The line is six inches long and, over its length, the color changes from bronze to high silver.

Raw things deserve a line. My old man made steak tartare tableside, the fresh-minced filet mixed ever so gently with an egg yolk, spots of Worcestershire and mustard, salt and pepper. Garnish with a bit of finely minced white onion, some capers and serve with toast points. From there to that first revelation of sashimi at the sadly defunct Mandarin in Denver. In fact, it was at the Mandarin, thanks to the deft touch of chef Ted Tani, that I first savored saba - broiled mackerelean bliss enhanced with a bit of shredded daikon mixed with shoyu, each bite delivered together with a thinly sliced round of serrano. That line: eight silvery inches.

From a helping of curried eggs manufactured in 1966 by Martha, a hippie princess in San Francisco, to a premiere vindaloo prepared by my dear friend Kirk from a recipe procured at a backwater restaurant in Toronto, to the transcendent masamam at J's Noodles - a line of eight inches. Gold as gold gets.

Crumbball button mushrooms to chanterelles, morels? Eleven inches. Maximum silver.

Dinty Moore beef stew from the can to a pot au feu prepared in a decrepit kitchen by the mother of a Parisienne painter, four cuts and kinds of meat gracing a blend of humble vegetables, elevating them to perfection? Served with stone ground mustard and fresh baguette, the broth first as a soup, followed by the meats and vegetables? Fourteen inches, at least. Gold all the way.

Korv and lefse, the comfy lefse hot and runny with melted butter, all the way to rijsstafel in a seedy Indonesian restaurant in Amsterdam? Twenty inches. Bronze that is sure to turn to silver.

The distance from a McDonald's hamburger served at an original Golden Arches to that first perfectly grilled porterhouse. purchased for a chubby fourteen-year-old at Peter's Backyard in the West Village by friends of his father's from Rahway, New Jersey? A silverish nine inches.

The Colonel to coq au vin equals four inches. On a silver line.

Farcie de veau through schnitzel Holstein with runny egg yolk washing over anchovy fillets perched atop golden brown veal, hustling to a sea-fresh carpaccio of salmon taken al fresco at a cafe on the Champs d'Elysée? A time line eighteen-inches long, of burnished golden hue.

From that first pickled jalapeno eaten with my 8-year-old buddy Mark Vigil, fished from a huge jar on a countertop at a cheesy little restaurant on South Broadway in Denver, to chipotle in adobo sauce? Twenty inches. Silver. Polished by peppers of all kinds.

From grape juice to Malbec, a fruity pinot noir, syrah, a monster cabernet? Thirty inches of the most lustrous gold imaginable.

Canned tuna to lobster thermidor at the Mount Vernon Country Club; brutalized chunks of round steak to prime rib with green beans almondine at the Palace Arms; store-bought cupcakes to flourless chocolate cake with chocolate sauce at a bistro on Place Igor Stravinsky, wolfed down after a full day at the Pompidou - each worth twenty inches of peerless silver.

From strained peas spooned from a small glass jar and dribbled down the chin to the veal piccata I whipped up the other night - we're talking four-hundred thirty, very golden inches.

From Wonder Bread to garlic nan at Anwar's buffet in London; from bottled steak sauce to chimmichurri at an Argentine restaurant, applied to everything - meat, bread, my hand; from do-it-in-five-minutes box stuffing to Hazel's corn bread dressing; from Kraft American slices to Maytag, Roquefort, Stilton, Brie, Roblechon; from bomb pops to Haagen Daz. Count three-hundred inches and put on your sunglasses: this line is thermonuclear bright!

From Secret sauce to Hollandaise, with an off-ramp to bernaise or paloise? Eighty-two inches of the finest gold. From bottled mayonnaise to learning to make Hollandaise? Seventy-six inches, as gold as you can get.

Actually, making Hollandaise, once you've done it, is not too difficult. And it's a hop, skip and a jump to bernaiseville.

The sauce should be made in a double boiler, over hot but not boiling water. Start with four egg yolks, a bit of kosher salt, a tad of freshly ground pepper, and a small splash of white wine vinegar. A tiny bit of lemon juice, if you like. Stir constantly with a whisk until the yolks begin to thicken. Do not get the mix too hot!

A dab at a time, begin to add cold butter, up to a stick and a third, whisking as each piece is amalgamated into the egg mix. Do this until all the butter is absorbed or until it tastes right. To make bernaise, take a bit of tarragon vinegar and teensy little pieces of minced shallot and reduce to a near sludge. Then make the sauce using the sludge as a base, adding finely chopped fresh tarragon leaves. Keep it on the heat, again making sure the sauce does not get too hot. Reduce the sauce to a super-thick state. Use it on grilled meat, on grilled fish. Do as I do and eat it with a spoon. It's a shame you can't get a gigantic straw anywhere these days.

It was a lot of work, this trip through the wreckage of my memory.

The lines told the story. I arranged them in an intuited order, evaluated the color scheme and got to work with the calculator. Taking into account a short-lived and unfortunate infatuation with Rice-a-Roni, the picture was clear.

I'm approximately 59 years old, earth time, with memories galore for my autobiography.

And I've got plenty of eating to do before I'm ready to write.

With luck, the time lines will be tiny and colored a blinding, brilliant gold.


Extension Viewpoints

Pick up your premiums for exhibit entries

By Bill Nobles

PREVIEW Columnist

Aug. 30 - 4-H Livestock Committee meeting, 6:30 p.m.

Check out our Web page at for calendar events and info.

Now that you've started planning for your Open Class Exhibits for the 2006 Archuleta County Fair, be sure that you've picked up your 2005 premiums.

If you haven't, they are still here at the Extension office which is open 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Friday. If you have questions about premiums, give Kim a call at 264-5931.

Seed mixes available

The San Juan Conservation District is offering local landowners the opportunity to purchase a variety of seed mixes for different conservation uses such as erosion control, weed suppression and grazing land improvement. These mixes have been specially developed to provide a ground cover that requires very little watering.

Available mixes include Native Grass Mixture, Dryland Pasture Mix and Native Wildflower Mix. Orders will be taken until Sept. 16.

The seed will be available to be picked up Oct. 5. Please contact the San Juan Conservation District at 731-3615 or stop by their office at 505A CR 600 (Piedra Road) next to Piedra Automotive.

Ag photo contest

It's an ideal time to capture Colorado agriculture for the annual photo contest.

Summer and fall are the ideal seasons to photograph the lush beauty of Colorado agriculture. Photographers of all ages are encouraged to capture the essence of Colorado agriculture on film and enter the 2005 "Colorado it's AgriCulture" photography contest.

Entries must be submitted to the Colorado Department of Agriculture with an official entry form by Dec. 31. Judging will be based on theme, creativity and technical quality, and prizes will be awarded in four categories: livestock, people, crops and scenes from a farmers' market.

The photographer whose picture best depicts the "spirit" of Colorado agriculture will receive a Kodak Easy Share CX7430 digital camera. All winning photographs will be displayed in the Beede-Hamil Agriculture Building at Northeastern Junior College in Sterling. The contest is sponsored by the Colorado Department of Agriculture, the AgInsights Committee, Kodak Colorado Division and Northeastern Junior College. Visit or pick up an official entry form at the Archuleta County Cooperative Extension Office.


Pagosa Lakes News


Pagosa Rotary seeks applicants for Peruvian study

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

The Pagosa Springs Rotary Club is looking for applicants to be members of the upcoming Group Study Exchange Team which will travel to Lima, Peru in May 2006 for a month-long tour.

Applicants must be between the ages of 25 and 40, and be employed full time in the community, with a minimum of two years in a business or profession. In all, four individuals will be selected to represent Rotary District 5470, which covers 57 Rotary clubs in southern Colorado.

The purpose of the exchange is to promote international understanding and good will through the person-to-person contact. A similar study group from Peru will visit our district as part of the exchange. While visiting here, Peruvian team members will meet their professional counterparts and visit industrial, scenic, cultural and historical sites.

Team members stay in the homes of local Rotarians. The Rotary International Foundation provides roundtrip air transportation to Peru; local Rotarians in Peru provide meals, lodging and ground transportation. Team members are responsible for personal and incidental expenses.

There are no gender limitations. Candidates must have good health, a high level of energy and stamina, an even and easy-going disposition, the willingness to support a daily itinerary set by the hosts, and all-around desire to participate in the life and culture of the host country.

Living with local Peruvian families for three to four days per town is an ideal opportunity to meet local people, make friends and be a part of their day-to-day cares. Locals and visitors temporarily forget passport colors and make connections on a very personal level, sharing conversation and meals.

Caught in the magic of newness, you throw away your own rules and expectations, and embrace someone else's. For a few weeks, you become Peruvian.

In the realm of discovery, there's a lot to learn, both about other cultures and about you. You discover new ways to look at things, and you realize that everyone has his or her own ideas as to what life and the universe are all about. You see (and many do) things that are far off the scale of your own judgment system that you're forced to reassess your own personal and cultural truths.

As a visitor living in a Peruvian home, you will always have an impact on the family. It will be up to the individual to choose whether this impact will be positive or negative. The team member can contribute to or negate negative stereotypes of Americans with their hosts.

My own experiences in India in 1998 as part of a Rotary Group Study Exchange Team taught me that when in Rome, don't expect more than the Romans do. My approach and mindset determined whether the local people benefited from and enjoyed my presence in their own homes — and how much I enjoyed myself.

My best travels are to places so outrageously different that the assault on senses is unsettling, but liberating. A successful cross-cultural exchange means making friends with uncertainty (and with a certain amount of vulnerability) and realizing that you will have to make compromises.

You may be weary at first, but relax. You will receive constant invitations to dance, sing, eat local food, drink fiery concoctions, expound on your country's foreign policies, defend its tarnished moral image - or get married. The possibilities are limitless. Your best souvenirs will be memories.

Go to the Rotary International Web site, click on Rotary Foundation, click on Educational Programs, click on Group Study Exchanges. From there, you can download all information needed to submit an application for the exchange to Peru.

Alternatively, you can contact Pagosa Rotarian April Holthaus at 731-9832 for application information. The application deadline is Sept. 10. Submit applications to April Holthaus at 389 Capitan Circle, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.



Heath Connor Fulbright

The Fulbright family would like to announce the arrival of its newest member, Heath Connor Fulbright, born in Mercy Medical Center on July 14, 2005, at 2:40 a.m. Heath weighed 7 pounds, 13 ounces, and was 20 inches long. He is welcomed home by big brothers Alec and Tai. His parents are Brian and Holly Fulbright, his grandparents are Rod and LouAnn Marler of Pagosa Springs, Rebecca Smith of Pagosa Springs and Dave Fulbright of Fort Worth, Texas.




Mary G. Herrera

Mary G. Herrera (Constancia), 82, passed away Saturday, Aug. 20, 2005, at her home in Albuquerque. She was born August 17, 1923, in Lumberton, N.M., a daughter of Abelino and Amalia Gallegos. She married Ernest Herrera in Shreveport, La.; he died December 27, 1973.

Mrs. Herrera taught elementary school in Pagosa Springs, Edith, Colo., Ouray, Colo., and Juanita, Colo. She was an active member of the community and belonged to the Rebekahs.

She is survived by three daughters and one son: Marie Mestas of Dugway, Utah; Vangie Holcomb of Highland Village, Texas; Bob Herrera of Pagosa Springs; and Ernestine C. DeBaca of Albuquerque; 15 grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her husband and two sons, Lloyd and Joseph Herrera.

Visitation was held at La Quey Funeral Home Wednesday and the Rosary was 7 p.m. Wednesday, Aug. 24, at Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church in Pagosa Springs.

Mass was planned 10 a.m. today at Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church, with Father Carlos Alvarez officiating. Burial will be in the Hill Top Cemetery in Pagosa Springs.


Paige Wickham

Last week's notice concerning the passing of Paige Wickham, daughter of Roger and Sandy Wickham, did not include two important facts about her life: That she attended Colorado Christian University and that she graduated from the Colorado Insitute of Art, in Denver.


 Business News

Chamber News

Flock of renewals swell membership roster

By Mary Jo Coulehan

SUN Columnist

We sure do have membership renewals flocking into the Chamber this month. With all this repeat business, I will highlight the upcoming events, but devote a lot of this column to some of the great businesses that help make up this Chamber organization.

Auction for animals

Two-legged and four-legged creatures enjoy this time of year when the Humane Society hosts one of its largest fund-raisers, the wine tasting and Auction for the Animals. This year the event will take place 5:30 p.m. Friday, in the community center.

Advance wine purchase tickets are still $25 and general admission tickets are $15. Unique to this auction are the number of items the organization garners from authors, musicians, politicians, and stage and screen personalities.

The community opens its heart and generosity to the animals as it provides gift certificates, gift baskets and gift items for the participants to bid on. There are items for the pet, the pet lover, or even those who just want to get an autographed novel or picture. The "live" portion of the auction is usually fueled by a frenzy of bidding as people vie for that special gift.

Some of this year's unique items include a custom-designed peridot pendant specially crafted for this auction by Summer Phillips; a four course gourmet dinner for six including wine, by Farrago; a weekend Taos getaway; a Coleman camping equipment package; an Orvis Superfine Tight Loop Rod; some handcrafted furniture by Ilse Allen, and an exclusive handcrafted pendant by the gifted Michael Christie.

This auction is for every budget and the silent auction items are extensive. Tickets for the function can be purchased at the Humane Society Thrift Store, the Chamber of Commerce, Moonlight Books, and WolfTracks Bookstore and Coffee. Your pet and the homeless pets of Archuleta County appreciate your support.

Calling all golfers

One of the last tournaments of the season will be held Saturday at the Pagosa Golf Club with the Archuleta County United Way agency as the hosts. This fun, challenging tournament kicks off at 9 a.m. with a four-person scramble.

Not hooked up with a team yet? Don't worry. The experts at the golf club will pair you up with others, but you need to call them at 731-4755 and let them know you are entering as an individual.

Along with a great golfing environment, there will be contests, prizes, and a golf-oriented silent auction.

The entry fee for the tournament is $65 for nonmembers of the club and $30 for members. These fees include the green fees, cart, and lunch. Fun harassment of the participants by the United Way advisory board members is free.

Know that your tournament dollars are helping to fund local United Way agencies and Archuleta County support agencies. Enjoy the last vestiges of summer, win some prizes and chase that little white ball around all for a great cause!

Make conservation count

The San Juan Conservation District is offering local landowners the opportunity to purchase a variety of seed mixtures for different conservation uses. These uses may include erosion control, weed suppression, and grazing land improvement. Consider using these seed mixtures that have been specially developed to provide ground cover that requires little watering for a newly constructed home or improving pasture condition. A Native Grass Mixture, Dryland Pasture Mix, and Native Wildflower Mix are available. Erosion control blankets are also being offered.

Orders are being taken until Sept. 16 at the SJCD office at 505A CR 600 (Piedra Road) or by calling 731-3615. Take advantage of this great opportunity. Help take care of the beautiful land that we live in.

Sidewalk sale

Get your comfortable shoes on and your pocketbooks ready as Pagosa Springs gets ready for the ninth annual Sidewalk Sale.

Merchants from the east side to the west side of town will have deals and special merchandise available for the end of season bargain hunter.

The Chamber is encouraging the community to participate for the whole five days instead of the usual Saturday to catch that visitor not yet up on the hill for the folk festival, or the person who has stopped in town to eat and sees that delightful item on a display table outside the store, or the local who has to work for most of the weekend.

We hear the locals say our stores are great and we don't want to lose the charm of the specialty store. Here is your opportunity to show your support as the merchants show off their wares from Thursday, Sept. 1, to Monday, Sept. 5. Shop Pagosa first and have a great time doing so.

Let's talk business

Several new members this week. It is always nice to review what businesses are in our community, so let's get to it.

First on the new member list is Open Easy Garage Doors and Larry Coonse. Open Easy is located at 74 Side Lap Court and can be reached at 731-3732. Larry can install, service, and repair most major brands of garage doors. He also performs the sales, service, and installation of Raynor Garage Door products. Whether you have a new construction, replacement or the repair of an old garage door, give Open Easy Garage Doors a call for a consultation.

New to the community is Heather Van Laningham with InJoy Consulting Services. Heather's specialty is providing innovative architectural lighting design and consultation. She has quite the extensive list of quality manufacturers and it is always expanding. She is quick to work with architects, builders and owners to solve those touchy problem lighting areas in your home or business or to look at the "big picture" of lighting. Heather can be reached at 946-5650 since she is out at job sites a lot. She has created a clever "tag line" - InJoy Consulting - Where illumination becomes you. See how new or revised lighting in your home or office can illuminate you.

A new lodging facility that has joined this week is A Hummingbird Haven. This cozy log cabin located in San Juan River Village is a two bedroom, one bath home with magnificent mountain views, wrap around decks, and can sleep up to eight people. Fully furnished, sofa beds to accommodate the extra people and equipped with high speed Internet service, this home will be great for the ski season. The Knopfles will be able to help you book a reservation at 352-481-2339. Don't wait until it's too late.

Our renewals are abundant this week. We start out with 5-D Construction with Don Pastin. Add to that Rosner Creative, Leslie Montroy and The Sewing Source, Backcountry Outfitters, Exodus Shipping, Connie Griffin and Mountain Classic Mortgages, McClendon & Lynch, CPAs and Hart Construction.

We also welcome back independent broker and consultant Mike Dalsaso, Colorado Land Title, La Plata Electric Association, Saul Furnishings, High Peaks Homes, S EquusLoco, Higher Grounds Coffee, Tom's Small Haul, Wolf Creek Run Motor Coach Resort, JEM Jewelers, and Asay Chiropractic and Wellness Center.

We have several non-profit organizations renewing this week, including San Juan Conservation District, Southwest Land Alliance and The San Juan Historical Society.

Out of town businesses renewing this week include Grandview Cabins and RV Park in South Fork; Chama Valley Chamber of Commerce and James Bankston.

We also welcome the renewal of current county commissioner, and longtime resident, Mamie Lynch, and Ron and Cindy Gustafson.


Biz Beat

Naturally Yours

Tamsin Rohrich, left, and Christina Knoell own and operate Naturally Yours, newly opened at 162 Pagosa St.

Naturally Yours specializes in natural foods, offering customers locally-grown produce and chemical/preservative-free groceries, animal tested-free bodycare products and environmentally safe household products.

All products at Naturally Yours are healthy alternatives to common products available at conventional grocery chains.

Naturally Yours is offering a membership opportunity to customers. Members can participate in a buying club and order directly online from Naturally Yours' suppliers, one time per month, and save up to 15 percent. Or, members can save 5 percent when they shop at Naturally Yours every Tuesday. Stop in and ask about membership fees and buying club commitments.

Store hours are Monday through Saturday 8 a.m. to 7 p.m., Sundays 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Phone 264-2053.



Cards of Thanks


Peace vigil

Many thanks to all the Pagosans who participated in the Peace Vigil Wednesday night, Aug. 17 in Town Park.

It was great to know our sincere hope for peace was joined by citizens in more than 1,672 cities, standing with Cindy Sheahan outside the president's ranch in Crawford, Texas.

On very short notice, more than 30 of you attended, including veterans, students, and military families, to honor our military who are at great risk, and to sanctify the sacrifices of those who have died.

Special thanks to Anita for organizing this effort. Thanks to everyone for the candle light and prayer, as "Peace is not Political." The best way we can honor our troops is by bringing them home. Now.

Cristy Holden


Seeds survey

Seeds of Learning would like to thank Darryl Coster for donating his time and services. The survey done for Seeds of Learning's new facility has moved us one step closer to building and moving into our "new home."

Thank you Darryl.



Alexia Huffman

Alexia O. Huffman of Pagosa Springs, a member of the Class of 2005, graduated magna cum laude Phi Beta Kappa from Dartmouth College.

She was one of more than 1,000 students receiving her degree at spring commencement. Huffman is daughter of James A. Huffman and Dagmar E. Huffman. Her major was German.


Sports Page

Pirates to put talented team on the court

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

With the first weeks of practice out of the way, and a roster set, Pirate varsity volleyball coach Andy Rice has a potentially formidable team ready to take the court when the season begins September.

Rice is new at the varsity helm this year, and brings a wealth of experience with him. Rice was boys' varsity volleyball coach at San Marcos high school in southern California. He has extensive beach volleyball experience as a player and coach. He played club volleyball at the University of Colorado at Boulder and varsity volleyball at Madison West High School, in Madison, Wis.

Rice said he will carry nine players on his regular varsity roster, with as many as five players swinging from the junior varsity.

Three seniors return to the court as starters from the 2004 state tournament team: 5-10 middle Caitlin Forrest, 5-9 outside hitter Kari Beth Faber and 5-8 outside Liza Kelley. Joining them with extensive varsity court time is 5-11 right-side hitter Emily Buikema.

Stepping in at setter this season is 5'4" junior Erin Gabel.

Taking their first turns as regular varsity players will be 5-10 junior middle hitter Danielle Spencer, 5-7 junior defensive specialist Iris Frye, 5-7 hitter and setter Kim Canty and 5-10 junior middle hitter Jennifer Haynes.

Rice is rich in junior and sophomore talent and this season's swing players might vary during the season but all possess talent and athletic ability in a program featuring many talented athletes.

Juniors slated for immediate duty as swings are 5-7 hitter and defensive specialist Lyndsey Mackey, 5-7 hitter Kim Fulmer, 5-7 hitter, and defensive specialist Mariah Howell and 5-10 middle hitter Alaina Garman.

"We're very deep," said Rice. "We're not real big, but we have consistent size at the net and I think our physicality is exceptional. We're going to speed things up - everything from our practice rhythm to our offense."

That physicality and athleticism extends across the varsity roster.

Rice said of Forrest, "she is steady and strong, and she's passing well for a big player."

Faber, said Rice, "has adapted to what I've given her. She has good body control and her hitting has improved. She and Frye and Kelley will probably control the serve receive."

Kelley "worked hard all summer in the weight room," said the coach. "She's explosive with a powerful whip swing, and she's becoming a dominant passer."

Buikema could put a dent in opposing teams from the right side. "Emily is powerful," said Rice, "with a heavy swing. And she's a definite presence at the net. She will make defenses respect us on the right side."

Spencer will take to the middle as a "very coachable player. Her attitude and her belief in herself give her the chance to be a very good middle."

Gabel steps in after an impressive 2004 junior varsity season and her coach described the setter as "powerful and physically explosive. She's a good setter and pushes the ball outside very well."

Haynes, said Rice, has height and has made major strides as she takes her role as back-up middle, bringing blocking power to the lineup. Frye and Canty, he said, are each "a total package." He cited Canty's versatility and predicted Frye, "great on defense," might start at libero this season - the libero position (a defense-only player) being tried out by CHSAA during the regular season this year.

The 2005 schedule is typical for the Pirate program: two regular season matches with each Intermountain League opponent and a bevy of matches against formidable squads from Colorado and New Mexico - many of them of championship caliber, many from schools in higher divisions.

The character of the Intermountain League is somewhat of a mystery this season, with losses to graduation affecting each program to some degree.

Centauri lost five players off the regular varsity roster and returns three veterans this season, with several tested swing players from last year's squad ready to step into place. Coach Kateri Valdez was an intense player for the Falcons and, as coach, displays the same characteristics. She put a very competitive team on the court last season - the Falcons advanced to a regional tourney and defeated Lamar - and should be expected to do the same in 2005.

Pagosa and Centauri play in Pagosa Sept. 17 then meet in La Jara Oct. 15.

Coach Melanie Taylor at Ignacio is now the ranking court general in the IML with the retirement of Pagosa's Penné Hamilton, and Taylor no doubt will once again bring out the best in her athletes. Her enthusiastic style is always mirrored by the Bobcat six.

The Pirates and Bobcats tangle in Pagosa Sept. 15 then clash again at Ignacio Oct. 6.

The Bayfield Wolverines were in a rebuilding phase in 2004 and lost four seniors at season's end. Coach Jana Pickett has a solid core of junior veterans returning this year and the Wolverines should be a more formidable presence on the court - theoretically ready to challenge for the title.

The two teams meet the first time Sept. 24 at Pagosa springs then have a rematch Oct. 22 in Bayfield.

Monte Vista has struggled to strengthen its program for several years, making noticeable progress each season. The Pirates from the San Luis Valley can be expected to improve this year, having lost only three seniors to graduation. A lack of height could hurt Monte when the going gets intense, but last year's team showed some promise on defense and defense could be the bulwark this season.

There is an opportunity Saturday for the Pirates to test themselves as they host a scrimmage at the junior high school gym. Several teams on the regular season schedule - Cortez, Durango, Ignacio and Bayfield - will participate, along with a number of teams from the San Luis Valley.

Regular season action begins Thursday, Sept. 1, when Cortez comes to town for a 7 p.m. match.


Pirate Cross Country


Saturday, Sept.. 3 Bayfield Invitational Home 9 a.m.

Saturday, Sept. 10 Lake County Invitational Away 9 a.m.

Saturday, Sept. 17 Shiprock Invitational Away 9 a.m.

Saturday, Sept. 24 Pagosa Springs Invitational Home 9 a.m.

Saturday, Oct. 1 Mancos Invitational Away 9 a.m.

Saturday, Oct. 8 Aspen Invitational Away 9 a.m.

Saturday, Oct. 15 Eric Wolfe Invitational Away 9 a.m.

Saturday, Oct. 22 Regional Meet at Pagosa Home 9:30 a.m.

Saturday, Oct 29 State (Colorado Springs) TBA


Hatfield retain's men's golf club championship

By Bill Curtiss

Special to The SUN

Russ Hatfield successfully defended his club championship title at the Pagosa Springs Golf Club Aug. 20 and 21.

Hatfield's gross scores of 74 and 69 gave him a total 143.

In second place was Bruce Sandvik with 82 and 75 for a total 157.

First place net was a tie between Bruce Sandvik and Buzz Burke with scores of 143. In second place was John Unger at 144.

Philip Lowery won first flight gross with a score of 160 and Hugh Bundy took second place with a score of 164.

Ray Kilgore was the first-place net winner with a score of 130; in second was Jack Hummell with a 136.


Wolf Creek Cup goes back to Rio Grande

The Wolf Creek Cup for 2005 has gone back to the east side of Wolf Creek Pass.

The Pagosa Springs Golf Club nearly retained the cup on day one of the two-day tournament against Rio Grande of South Fork.

The Pagosa men took a 28-26 lead on their home course; but were defeated 29 1/2-24 1/2 in South Fork.

That gave Rio Grande the win and the right to host the coveted cup until next year's trophy play.

Rio Grande won the trophy in 2003 and Pagosa in 2004.

Women's golf crown captured by Smart

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

This year's 36-hole Club Championship tournament hosted by Pagosa Women's Golf Association and Pagosa Springs Golf Club was a thrilling experience for the new ladies club champion - Marilyn Scott.

She said she "felt very fortunate and grateful to have won since so many of the other women in the championship flight have been playing so well recently."

The contestants played the Meadows Ponderosa courses the first day and the Pinon Ponderosa courses the second day. The tournament was low gross, low net.

Smart captured the 2005 women's club laurels shooting a total gross score of 171. Barbara Sanborn was reserve champion with 172. In the net division, Cherry O'Donnell was first with 172; Jane Day second with 135; and Carrie Weisz third at 143.

In the first flight, Loretta Campuzano was first place gross with 186 and Sheila Rogers first net with a 146. Carole Howard and Audrey Johnson tied for second net at 148.

Winners of first-day special events included Jan Kilgore, closest to the pin (championship flight) on No. 8 Ponderosa; Campuzano, closest to pin, first flight, No. 6 Meadows; and Johnson, closest to pin, first flight, No. 2 Ponderosa.

Second day special events winners included Lynne Allison, closest to pin, championship flight, No. 8 Piñon and Cherry O'Donnell, same category, No. 8 Ponderosa; Sheila Rogers, closest to pin, first flight, No. 2 Ponderosa; and Audrey Johnson, closest to pin, first flight, No. 3 Piñon.

Weisz, league vice president, was tournament coordinator and said, "even with the four-hour rain delay Tuesday, the women were great sports about returning to resume their rounds and complete the tournament."

She and tournament staff extended their thanks and gratitude to Terry Carter, club groundskeeper, Alan Schutz, general manager, and Zack Ruddle, assistant club pro for assistance in organizing the event and keeping it going.

League play

The association sent eight of its low handicap players to Durango's Dalton Ranch Golf Club Aug. 18 for the fifth match of the Southwest Golf League season.

The Pagosa team garnered 25 1/2 points against Kirtland Riverview and currently holds first place in the eight-team league with 203 1/2 points. Aztec Hidden Valley is second at 188 points.

Swinging for the Pagosans were Barbara Sanborn, Jan Kilgore, Jane Stewart, Lynne Allison, Marilyn Smart, Cherry O'Donnell, Carrie Weisz and Josie Hummell.

Sanborn, team captain, was very pleased by the team's stellar performance and its first place position. "It is the second most points we've scored in match play this season," she said, "and today's 45 1/2 point total was truly an accomplishment on one of the more difficult courses we play in the league."

But, she said, We can't rest on our laurels, as we still have three challenging matches to play. The net match is Sept. 1 at Hillcrest Golf Club against Piñon Hills.

In related association news, five members traveled to Cortez Aug. 16 to compete in the annual Conquistador Golf Club's Tea Cup Invitational.

Doe Stringer won first place gross in the first flight with a 92. Other Pagosa participants were Maggie Hart, Josie Hummell, Marilyn Pruter and Katy Threet.


Pirate Boys Varsity Soccer

Friday, Sept. 2

Fountain Valley High School


4:15 p.m.

Saturday, Sept. 3

Manitou Springs


11 a.m.

Tuesday, Sept. 6

Montezuma/Cortez High School


4 p.m.

Friday, Sept. 9

Crested Butte Community School


4 p.m.

Saturday, Sept. 10

Ridgway High School


11 a.m.

Thursday, Sept. 15

Center High School


4 p.m.

Saturday, Sept. 17

Telluride High School


11 a.m.

Saturday, Sept. 24

Basalt High School


12 p.m.

Friday, Sept. 30

Bayfield High School


6 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 1

Crested Butte Community School


11 a.m.

Tuesday, Oct. 4

Durango High School


3 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 8

Ridgway High School


11 a.m.

Thursday, Oct. 13

Center High School


4 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 15

Telluride High School


11 a.m.

Tuesday, Oct. 18

Bayfield High School


4 p.m.


Pirate Girls Varsity Volleyball

Thursday, Sept. 1

Montezuma/Cortez High School


7 p.m.

Friday, Sept. 9

Monte Vista High School


7 p.m.

Saturday, Sept. 10

Palmer High School


2 p.m.

Monday, Sept. 12

Bloomfield High School


6:30 p.m.

Thursday, Sept. 15

Ignacio High School


7 p.m.

Saturday, Sept. 17

Centauri High School


7 p.m.

Saturday, Sept. 24

Bayfield High School


7 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 1

Fowler Tournament


9 p.m.

Tuesday, Oct. 4

Durango High School


7 p.m.

Thursday, Oct. 6

Ignacio High School


7 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 8

Piedra Vista High School


9 a.m.

Saturday, Oct. 8

Montrose High School



Thursday, Oct. 13

Kirtland High School


7 p.m.

Friday, Oct. 14

Monte Vista High School


7 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 15

Centauri High School


7 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 22

Bayfield High School


7 p.m.

Tuesday, Oct. 25

IML Pigtail Game


Friday, Oct. 28

IML Tourney at Monte Vista



Saturday, Oct. 29

IML Tourney at Monte Vista




Pirate Boys Varsity Golf

Thursday, Aug. 25

Durango Tournament


8 a.m.

Monday, Aug. 29

Montrose Tournament


8 a.m.

Tuesday, Aug. 30

Montrose Tournament


8 a.m.

Thursday, Sept. 1

Delta Tournament


8 a.m.

Friday, Sept. 2

Cedaredge Tournament


8 a.m.


Pirate Boys Varsity Football

Friday, Sept. 2

Gunnison High School


3:30 p.m.

Friday, Sept. 9



7 p.m.

Friday, Sept. 16

Montrose High School


7 p.m.

Friday, Sept. 23

Taos High School


7 p.m.

Friday, Sept. 30

Bayfield High School


7 p.m.

Friday, Oct. 7

Monte Vista High School


7 p.m.

Friday, Oct. 14

Alamosa High School


7 p.m.

Friday, Oct. 21

Ignacio High School


7 p.m.

Friday, Oct. 28

Centauri High School


7 p.m.


Pirate football: potential in speed, size, depth

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

The schedule might be a bit tougher than last year, but the team might be better.

The potential is there for an excellent season, said Pirate football coach Sean O'Donnell.

The coach mused on his prospects and his probable squad last Friday, following the first week of preseason practice.

It was not hard for O'Donnell to visualize what his team might be like in 2005 - he returns a solid core of lettermen to the field with true question marks at few positions, and real depth at many.

At the end of the first week of practice, there were 52 athletes out for the team. Among the 52 are 20 lettermen. Among those lettermen are 10 returning starters on either offense or defense (some on both sides of the ball).

Starters back this season are Daniel Aupperle, wide receiver, running back, defensive back and kicker; Josh Hoffman, running back and linebacker; Paul Przybylski, wide receiver and defensive back; Craig Schutz, wide receiver and defensive back; Jordan Shaffer, wide receiver and linebacker; Jake Cammack, offensive line and defensive line; Casey Hart, offensive line and defensive line; James Martinez, offensive line and linebacker; Karl Hujus, offensive line and linebacker; Corbin Mellette running back and defensive back.

O'Donnell expects significant help from Zane Kraetsch on both lines and from Matt Nobles on the offensive line and at linebacker. Casey Schutz is expected to contribute at wide receiver and defensive back.

The skill positions are loaded with talent and experience, with wide receivers galore and at least three worthy running backs - Hoffman, backed up by Mellette and Aupperle.

The one question is the performance of a new quarterback. That player could be Adam Trujillo or Shaffer and how the quarterback functions in the starting role will be critical to the team's success.

"The question is how our quarterbacks will play," said O'Donnell. "Our success could pivot on our quarterbacks. But, throughout our offense, we've got some fast kids. I like the speed."

The offensive activity will occur behind and with the aid of one of the sturdiest lines in recent Pirate history. "We'll have a good-size line," said the coach. "As big a line as we've had in some time.""

Defense should be strong this season, with size and experience a keynote on the line and at linebacker and depth at every position.

O'Donnell also brings back a veteran coaching staff, with one new addition for this, his last season as head coach (he was recently appointed assistant principal at the high school). The new addition to the staff is defensive coordinator Shawn Tucker (replacing Jim Shaffer, now the schools's athletic director). Tucker joins line coach Mike Kraetsch, line coach Brian Looper, running back and linebacker coach Scott White, and wide receiver and defensive back coach Randy Sorenson on the staff.

Last year, the Pirates were undisputed champions of the Intermountain League, soundly defeating Ignacio, Centauri and Bayfield, and squeaking by Monte Vista with a narrow 6-0 victory.

If this Pirate team is to advance to the Colorado 3A postseason playoffs, it must go through the IML to do so.

It could be a more demanding task than it was last year.

"I think the IML will be better than it was last year," said O'Donnell. "I believe Centauri and Bayfield will field better teams, and I know Monte Vista has a lot of kids back, including their quarterback. They'll be good again."

Toss in a number of tough out-of-league opponents, and the Pirates' route is clear.

"I'm excited," said the coach. "I've got a fun bunch of seniors here and they've been hard workers for four years. I'm excited to be their football coach. This team has a lot of potential ... but potential doesn't win football games. You've got to perform."

The first chance to see the Pirates perform is at Gunnison, Sept. 2, at 3:30 p.m.


Pathfinders shoot well at nationals

The NRA Youth Hunter Education Challenge national event was held in Raton, N.M., July 24-29.

Pagosa PathFinders YHEC took 12 members to the event, competing as teams and individuals in competition with 18 junior teams, 27 senior teams and 285 total participants during the five-day event.

The Pathfinder junior team took first place in shotgun and team seconds in orienteering and archery, placing them in seventh place overall.

The senior team didn't make the top three in any events, but ended up in sixth place overall in the very competitive upper division.

Individually, Dustin Anderson was the national champion in orienteering, while his teammates, Stephen Melendy and Joshua Trout took a third in shotgun and a third in .22 rifle, respectively.

Cole Kraetsch was the first-place winner in the senior division of the Cherokee run. Nationals closed with Pathfinders performing well at all levels.

Any young people interested in participating in the PathFinders YHEC Shooting Club or in any YHEC events next year should contact Mike or Lisa Kraetsch at 264-4717.


Pagosa Springs Recreation

Ten Commandments for sports parents

By Myles Gabel

SUN Columnist

Here are ten commandments for sports parents.

I. Make sure your child knows that win or lose, scared or heroic, you love them, appreciate their efforts, and are not disappointed. This will allow them to do their best without fear of failure. Be the person in their life that they can look to for constant positive reinforcement.

II. Try to be completely honest about your child's athletic capability, competitive attitude, sportsmanship and actual skill level.

III. Be helpful, but don't coach on the way to the gym or field.

IV. Teach them to enjoy the thrill of competition, to be "out there trying," to be working to improve their skills and attitudes. Help them to develop the feel for competing, for trying hard, for having fun.

V. Try not to relive your athletic life through your child in a way that creates pressure. You were frightened, you backed off at times, you were not always heroic. Don't pressure your child because of your sense of lost pride.

VI. Don't compete with the coach. Let the coaches do their job or volunteer to help the coach if you have the time.

VII. Don't compare the skill, courage, or attitudes of your child with other members of the team, especially within earshot.

VIII. Get to know the coach so you can be assured his or her philosophy, attitude, ethics, and knowledge are such that you are happy to have your child under his or her leadership.

IX. Always remember that children tend to exaggerate, both when praised and when criticized. Temper your reaction and investigate before overreacting to any situation.

X. Make a point of understanding courage, and the fact it is relative. Some of us can climb mountains, and are afraid to fight. Some of us will fight, but turn to jelly if a bee approaches. Everyone is frightened in certain areas. Explain that courage is not the absence of fear, but is a means of doing something in spite of fear or discomfort.

The job of the parent of an athletic child is a tough one, and it takes a lot of effort to do the job well. It is worth all the effort when you hear your youngster say,

"My parents really took the time to help me!" For best results, parents should memorize and say the following before and after a game or match.

Before the Game/Match

1. I love you

2. Good luck

3. Have fun

After the Game/Match

1. I love you

2. It was great to see you play

3. What would you like to eat?

Adult volleyball

Anyone interested in playing coed adult indoor volleyball, please come to the community center gymnasium 7 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 7. We will have open play for all skill levels and will discuss the formation of a volleyball league.

Soccer referees

If you have a background in soccer as a player or coach, we need you! The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department is hiring referees for the 2005 season. High school students through adults welcome. Training given. Pay is $10-$25 depending on experience and certification level of the games you officiate. Contact the recreation department at 264-4151, Ext. 232 if interested! Sign up now.

Sports Hotline

Information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department may be found by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to and going to the Parks and Recreation link. All schedules and upcoming events are updated every Monday morning.

Have questions?

For any questions, concerns or additional information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department Adult or Youth Sports Programs, please contact: Myles Gabel, recreation supervisor at 264-4151, Ext. 232.



The frustrating path

The Creative Spaces speaker series sponsored by the Community Vision Council's Arts and Culture Committee has highlighted ideas that should be of interest to all of us who care about Pagosa Country and its future. The meeting last week, in particular, included points that, aside from engaging us with intrinsic qualities, throw an angled light on other issues.

It is not so much the particulars that surfaced in the meeting that interest us - particulars detailed in a PREVIEW article this week by Leanne Goebel - as what we glean from an examination of presuppositions that often go unarticulated.

While the meeting dealt with the creation, use and value of civic spaces and the role of public art, when one asks, "Why consider such things?" other questions emerge.

Why consider such things? Why talk about design and the character of the spaces inhabited by the public - most particularly the resident public? Why ask what draws people to areas and keeps them there? Why worry about the character of retail and entertainment areas?

First, and foremost, because the community is changing and because, in the seeming disorder of that process, opportunities are there to guide change, to shape the manner in which it affects everyone involved.

The fact at hand here, in what seems a paradigm of the rapidly changing community, is the change is inevitable. No sense whining about it or voicing impotent complaints about the fact. It is not a matter of how long someone has been here. It is not a matter of where someone came from. The fact of their arrival, of anyone's arrival, changes things. When they bring ideas and, in particular, when they bring money, change is accelerated. There are many people here now (and surely more will arrive) who have the capital and the knowhow to make large things happen. Happen they will. And we must be able to exert a measure of control over the situation.

When we think about reshaping our public environment we are considering how to deal with the larger question of development and change.

The job is difficult and it is frustrating. And there are two obvious ways to do the job: via conventional political process, or by circumventing the laborious process, and working to obtain direct voter approval of proposals by referendum and/or working to replace political figures who are the source of frustration.

We continue to believe - whether it concerns reshaping our public spaces and creating new ones, creating and implementing land use and development regulations, finding effective ways to deal with infrastructure problems, or obtaining an ordinance to control big box development - that the first and more frustrating way of handling the situation will eventually prove out.

That is why we are happy to see a communication in our Letters to the Editor section this week from Ross Aragon and Angela Atkinson concerning creation of big box controls. In that letter, rather than express discontent with recent events, the two urge continuation of the often contentious and frustrating process leading to a political compromise. These two, and we assume many others, see the wisdom in perseverance, in restraint of emotion and continued effort; they understand goals are constantly altered in a problematic situation. Let those whose emotions cannot be held in check leave the ship, set sail on their own, either to a haven marked by cynicism or to the more radical (and we believe ultimately unsuccessful) task of marshalling a vote on the subject.

We believe we will deal best with all aspects of the inevitable transformation of our community - with our public spaces, with commercial development, with roads, with big box ordinances, with our cultural educational and economic institutions - if we follow the lead expressed in Aragon's and Atkinson's letter. Progress will, indeed, be made.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

Elephants could be back in area

By Richard Walter

SUN Columnist

I remember it well. Huge, but old circus trucks - underpowered and overheated - had to be towed to the top of Wolf Creek Pass so they could make the cooling run down into town.

It was one of the last real traveling circuses to come to Pagosa Springs and kids were agog at the big animals. The elephants also toiled to raise the big top tent, following barker's instructions until the center pole was fixed and other supports could be raised.

It was typical circus. Kids were offered jobs watering and feeding the animals in return for tickets to the show. Those who didn't get one stayed nearby until no one was looking and then sneaked over to the tents to stick their heads inside and peek at what was happening.

The trip over Wolf Creek was too much for some animals, as well as the trucks. And then there were the cries of animal abuse, beginning already in mid-century.

The circuses stopped coming. The big animals most kids had never seen before were again left to the imagination.

In the context of this column, it is important to remember Dinosaur National Park lies in northwest Colorado, and many of the largest finds in this nation have come from those digs.

Now, with current wildlife endangered in many sections of the country, has come a proposal to have elephants and lions roam North America again. Cheetahs and camels, too, would roam wild under a proposal involving reintroduction of large animals like them, hunted to extinction long ago.

A study in the Aug. 18 issue of the journal "Nature", outlines the idea formulated by ecologists and conservationists at 10 universities and other institutions.

Their U.S. Ecological Park would help preserve species under increasing pressure for survival in Africa. It would reintroduce a more balanced predator-prey relationship in the Great Plains and Southwest, an ecological diversity absent more than 10,000 years.

And yes, Colorado would be right in the middle of the park which would stretch from Montana to Mexico. Supporters quoted in "Nature" say large and sometimes dangerous predators would roam free and the idea could prove an economic boon to depressed farming regions humans already are fleeing.

These scientists would like to start now, the article said, using large tracts of private land, and expand the effort through this century.

The scientists say one justification for "rewilding", as they call it, is that one way or another, we humans have a dramatic effect on the animal kingdom and ecology in general ... so a proactive approach is better than letting the world go to the dogs or, in this case to the rats following the trail of the large mammals.

The paper's lead author is Josh Donlan, a graduate of Cornell, who was quoted thusly:

"Humans will continue to change ecosystems, cause extinctions, and affect the very future of evolution either by default of design. The default scenario will surely include ever more pests and weed-dominated landscapes and the extinction of most large vertebrates."

My reaction? Leave it alone. We have enough wildlife on our roadways already. And ivory from tusks already has been banned.




90 years ago

Taken from SUN files of August 27, 1915

Pagosa Street was the scene of a little excitement last night when a team of broncs belonging to Charlie Davis came tearing down the avenue with a light buggy attached. They mounted the sidewalk in front of the Gem Theatre when the same was full of people and, believe us, there was some scattering. The buggy crashed into the Roush pool hall but the horses continued to run on the walk until one of them stumbled on the cement raise and fell in front of the Laughlin store. It was a miracle that no one was hurt except Mr. Davis, who was dumped out near the Laughlin home and received a severe shaking up.

The San Juan forest officials deposited this week in the waters of the upper Piedra and its tributaries 150,000 native trout from the Leadville hatcheries.


75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of August 29, 1930

Forest Ranger Glenn Dalton recently completed the construction of a new fire-tool house, with sufficient equipment for five men nine miles west of Pagosa Springs. This provides an improvement for that section that has long been needed in keeping down the fire loss.

The public library, conducted under the auspices of the Women's Civic Club, will be re-opened to the public next Wednesday, Sept. 3rd, with Mrs. Daisy Fitzhugh in charge as librarian. The club is planning the installation of many new books shortly.

Mrs. Philip R. Johnson, who has been spending several months in her old home in Czechoslovakia, will start homeward next Monday and will sail from Bremen, Germany, on Thursday following.


50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of August 25, 1955

Lt. John Gilbert, son of Mrs. Jeannie Gilbert of Allison, has been awarded the "Winged S" for life saving missions during the Korean conflict. The award was given for rescue of downed pilots on land and sea while flying a helicopter. Lt. Gilbert is a member of the fraternity of "Able Aeronauts." Gilbert grew up at Allison and is a graduate of Ignacio High School.

The improvements being made in the Town Park are most noticeable, and certainly are improving the looks of the Park. The Park has been leveled on the south side of the street and the river boulders are being cleared away. The Town Park is a very popular spot with the traveling public and the improvements there will be a big help to the town's appearance.


25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of August 28, 1980

One of the largest drug busts in the history of the county was made last Friday when officers confiscated a marijuana crop estimated to have a resale value of near one half million dollars. The marijuana was growing in a cultivated area about a mile and a half west of Pagosa Junction. Two persons have been jailed.

The area received some very welcome rain this past week when 1.44 inches fell in town. There was also a not-so-welcome freeze that stopped any gardening for the rest of the year.

Residents of this area may be hearing some loud explosions starting September 4. There won't be a volcanic eruption, sonic booms, or earthquakes. A seismograph crew will be making tests in a search for oil.



Local couple scales all Colorado Fourteeners

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

In climbs spanning the last 25 years, Debbie Morton and Steve Hartvigsen ticked the last of Colorado's 14,000-foot peaks last week when they summited Long's Peak in the Front Range.

Depending on whom you consult, Colorado currently has between 53 and 55 14,000-foot summits. No matter for Debbie and Steve, who have climbed 55 peaks. The official list of Colorado's highest peaks has been growing ever since Carl Blaurock and William Ervin climbed 46 peaks in 1923, and became the first to complete climbs of the then-known list of Colorado's fourteeners. With more accurate surveying and refinements in the definition of a separate peak, the list has grown.

Debbie's guidebook for Colorado's fourteeners is battered and torn, but the list in the back has an orderly series of marks: checkmarks for Steve, and asterisks for Debbie. Every peak, including the recently recognized 55th fourteener, Challenger Point, (handwritten in her book) now has both a checkmark and an asterisk neatly entered beside each listing.

Steve began climbing the fourteeners in the San Juans in 1980 when he was living in Utah. He was initially intrigued only by Colorado's more difficult peaks, such as the Wilsons, the Crestones and the Maroon Bells. He met Debbie in 1983 while they were both working for the Forest Service, and in 1984 Debbie climbed her first fourteener with Steve. After a few years of occasional peak bagging, they made the goal to climb them all.

Because Steve had already climbed a dozen or so fourteeners by the time he met Debbie, she decided to catch up with Steve and set off to climb the ones he had summited, solo, on her own.

On Capitol Peak, a 14,130-foot summit, Debbie was faced with a long, steep knifeblade ridge. Two other climbers were there but decided to turn back after their first view of the intimidating ridge. Debbie pressed on, solo, and descended by the same route. Steve recalls being impressed with her bold ascent as he had previously climbed an easier line to the summit. Debbie responds modestly, "It wasn't as hard as it looked."

After six years, Debbie caught up with Steve, and thereafter, they continued their quest to climb all of Colorado's fourteeners together.

Most of their climbs were pleasant adventures, with "time to enjoy the surroundings, and peaceful camping in the backcountry," said Debbie. But their ascents were not without challenges from the elements. On Mount Shavano, 14,239 feet, on the summit ridge, Debbie was above Steve when she felt the hair on the back of her neck electrify. Steve yelled, "Get down!" forcing them to retreat until the storm passed.

There were also times when they "should have used ropes but didn't," according to Debbie. Once in late fall, while living in the San Luis Valley, where the weather had been "crystal clear," Steve and Debbie were unaware that a major storm had brushed the western end of the San Juans and set out for a climb of the north side of El Diente. Once committed on the face, they encountered dangerous ice and snow on their route. Without ice axe, crampons or a rope, they pressed on and were able to summit.

Both Steve and Debbie are avid outdoors people, expert kayakers and backcountry skiers. "If it wasn't for kayaking, we'd have climbed the peaks a lot sooner," said Steve. They have descended many of the peaks on skis, though with the spring skiing season coinciding with the kayaking season, kayaking generally took preference.

Steve and Debbie have lived in Pagosa for 10 years, where Steve is a forester for the Forest Service and Debbie is a media specialist at the high school library.

Now that they have climbed all the fourteeners, Steve and Debbie are setting their sights on the highest 100 peaks in Colorado, which includes around 50 peaks over 13,800 feet. "We've already climbed a dozen or so," said Steve, during link ups with peaks neighboring the fourteeners. "A lot of them are a tougher" than the fourteeners, he said.

Debbie's favorite peak was Snowmass Mountain (14,092 feet). With the beauty of the surrounding country, she said it was a peak she would like to do a second time. The panorama from the high points really does lend one to further exploring, said Steve, "The view is really what's important."


Head Start now taking applications

Pagosa Early Childhood/Head Start Program is now accepting applications for ongoing preschool enrollment.

The Early Childhood center is a high-quality, nonprofit organization serving children and families of Archuleta County for the past 40 years.

It administers several early childhood programs for children 3-5 with varying eligibility requirements. Not all slots are based on income. All programs are low cost or free to eligible families.

For more information call Eva or Mardel at 264-251 or 264-2484.


AARP Driver Safety Program set Sept. 13-14

Would you like to sharpen your driving skills and reduce your auto insurance premium?

You can do it by taking the AARP Driver Safety Program, a motor vehicle accident prevention program for those 50 and over.

The course consists of eight hours of classroom instruction conducted in two half-day sessions. There is a $10 fee.

Classes will be taught 1-5 p.m. both days in Community United Methodist Church. Contact Don Hurt, 264-337, for more information and to make reservations.

Class size is limited to 24.


Southern Utes lift fire bans

Due to the recent rainfall, Stage I fire restrictions are no longer necessary for the Southern Ute Reservation lands and have subsequently been rescinded effective Aug. 17.

"We'd like to thank the public for their diligence regarding fire safety during this years' fire restriction period. We had very good public awareness and very few instances of careless fires," said Rich Gustafson, assistant fire management officer with the Southern Ute Agency, Bureau of Indian Affairs.


Pagosa's Past

As white settlers flowed in, Indians had no place to go

By John M. Motter

PREVIEW Columnist

Pagosa Country and the San Juan Basin were settled during the years between 1860-1885, the era of the western Indian wars. It is difficult during this time of peace and prosperity to conceive of what was really happening as our Anglo ancestors moved into the San Juan Basin and other Western enclaves searching for homes.

The major problem was, the San Juan Basin and other western enclaves were already the homes of a number of indigenous people. These people believed, and rightly so in most cases, that the U.S. government had promised to keep the white people from settling on this land. And so, when white settlers continued to come in ever increasing numbers, the Indians were angry and ready to fight back. They had to fight. There was no place else for them to go.

It is also hard to understand that the Indians were a formidable enemy and put up a tremendous fight. It is true that when the West was settled, the white population in the U.S. far outnumbered the Indian population. It is also true that the Indians were tremendously handicapped because they had to obtain weapons and ammunition from the whites. Most of the time, whites were better armed.

Having said that, it would be a great mistake to underestimate the danger faced by white settlers. Our conception of the western Indian wars has been greatly distorted by Hollywood. Perhaps Don Rickey described the combatants best in the preface of his book describing the Indian-U.S. Army fight and titled "Forty Miles a Day on Beans and Hay."

"Modern writings dealing with the Indian wars have tended to portray the frontier regular (soldier) as a romantic beau sabreur, knight-errant of the West, or brand him as the brutalized and degraded oppressor of noble red men. Neither stereotype comes near the mark - nor closer to the truth than casting the western Indians in the classic mold of noble savages. The professional soldier was a frontier regular, an American or recent immigrant who had enlisted in the U. S. Army."

Rickey points out the population of the U.S. had just completed the Civil War and was tired of war. Consequently, the Indian wars received little notice, unless, of course a newspaper hero such as Col. Custer and more than half his regiment were slaughtered in a single engagement as happened in 1876, just a year before permanent settlement began in Pagosa Springs.

And so, as our Anglo ancestors moved in wagon trains across and into the West any time before about 1880-1885, they faced real and imminent danger. The Indians were armed well enough, they had a superior knowledge of the country, and they knew how to fight. After all, Indian men were raised to hunt and fight from the age of puberty on. Warfare was a way of life for them.

At the same time, it should be noted that many of the Americans coming west were also already acquainted with war. Many of the men had fought in the Civil War. Many of the families at home had lived through the surge of opposing armies crossing back and forth across their lands.

The point of all this is, it is extremely difficult for us today to visualize or imagine the thoughts going through the minds of those mothers and fathers who settled Pagosa Country just a hundred years plus a generation ago.

Even so, when Pagosa Springs was founded, Fort Lewis occupied the west bank of the San Juan River downtown because the threat of war with the Utes was real.


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Hints of stories past in latest area forecast

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

True weather aficionados will tell you there can't be a real Indian Summer until there has been a killing frost/freeze.

Still, there are those soft, warm touches in near fall where the skies calm, temperatures wane and everyone wants to believe the interim season perhaps named by writer John Bradbury in 1817 has arrived a tad early, perhaps to stay even longer.

Pagosans can't be blamed in the coming week if they suddenly have a feeling of Indian Summer.

There will be a touch of sameness to each day and though there is no real agreement on where the season really appears, it might as well be here as anywhere.

Each day, through Monday, in the upcoming forecasts by National Weather Service personnel in Grand Junction, has all the surface signs of Indian Summer.

For example, every day will be partly cloudy (I prefer partly sunny) and the temperatures will be almost daily repeats - highs of 84 and lows of 43.

Not until Tuesday next week does the chance of showers and thunderstorms return to the daily offering ... and then only about 40 percent.

Invariably, seasons taking on the aspects of so-called Indian Summer are those in which historians say, our early native Americans chose to do their hunting in preparation for the winter season ahead.

Thus, the term can apply to various times of the year, even the time we regard as the dead of winter, if the right conditions apply.

For many it will seem like deja vu all over again - but just a little warmer.

Consider the comparisons:

- Last week local observations totaled just .02 of an inch precipitation, a figure not unexpected in the next measurement period.

- The high temperature in the last week was 78.1, a figure in close range of those forecast through Tuesday.

- The past week's low was 41.5 at 6:30 a.m. Aug. 19, again range if slightly lower than the forecast indicates are coming.

- Highest wind recorded the past week was 16 mph at 1:30 p.m. Aug. 21. Upcoming forecasts omit wind predictions unless threatening.

The tiny rainfall in the past week put the month's total at 2.58 inches, close to the average for August.

At Navajo Lake on the Colorado-New Mexico border, statistics are consistent for what has been a wetter than normal season.

Surface elevation in the latest test was at 6,074.74 feet. The total pool was measured at 1,547,494 acre feet; inflow was at 521 cubic feet per second and outflow being controlled at 504 cfs.