July 21, 2005
Front Page

Health, fire board chairs critical of

county road plan

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

In a clear and direct letter to the Archuleta County Commissioners, Upper San Juan Health Services District Board Chair Pam Hopkins, and Pagosa Fire Protection District Board Chair Richard Moseley, urged the commissioners to reconsider the county's newly-proposed road maintenance plan.

The plan is based on a road's designation - on the County Road Map - as either primary or secondary. The letter says the plan, which would essentially eliminate snowplowing and maintenance on all but 31 county roads, does not adequately ensure the health and safety of Archuleta County residents and is a shirking of the county's inherent responsibility to its citizens.

According to the letter, "The purpose of government is to do collectively what citizens cannot do individually. Roads obviously fit within the realm and scope of government and responsibility for such should not be abrogated and left to be maintained by some other means. Roads are lifelines to town, to schools, to medical facilities and access for fire protection and emergency vehicles. Without proper maintenance and plowing of all county roads in winter months, you are jeopardizing the health and safety of our county's citizens by denying fire protection and emergency vehicle access to many roads in the county that would not be plowed under the proposed plan."

Hopkins and Moseley, in their letter, state that the proposed maintenance plan could result in a lawsuit if emergency vehicles could not access a home or area because a road had not been snowplowed and death resulted due to lack of access. They say funds spent on lawsuits would "far exceed the monies saved by reducing maintenance on the present county maintained roads."

The letter is reprinted in its entirety in the "Letters to the Editor" section of this issue of The SUN.


Town delays first reading of big box ordinance

James Robinson

Staff Writer

It was a surprising turn of events for the town's Big Box Task Force when the focus of last Wednesday's Town Council meeting shifted from a first reading of the town's recently drafted Big Box ordinance to another open discussion and public comment session on the merits and pitfalls of attempting to regulate Big Box retail development in Pagosa Springs.

The shift came at the meeting's inception, when, instead of going through the ordinance's first reading process, Pagosa Springs Mayor, Ross Aragon, called for yet another worksession on crafting the Big Box ordinance. After scheduling the worksession, Aragon then opened the meeting for general discussion of the ordinance.

Angela Atkinson, a spokesperson for the task force, said the shift was "a big surprise to the task force."

She said the ordinance, as drafted for Wednesday's reading, reflected the recommendations of the task force and was representative of community input and hundreds of hours of task force member work and $55,000 spent in community polling and research.

Local business owner and task force member Terry Smith, said he was proud of the work the task force had done and said he believed the recommendations they provided to the town were "rational and reasonable."

He said Big Box development would be detrimental to the quality of life in Pagosa Springs and he urged the town council to adopt the ordinance.

"I think the concept behind the ordinance is a strong one, one, that I'd like to see the community adopt," Smith said.

Many speakers called the issue a "big picture" issue and said the council's Big Box decision would have far reaching, long-term effects. Many also suggested it was a pivotal moment in Pagosa Springs, and said it was a time for visionary leadership.

"Please don't label us as a shopping town or as a big box town. Label us instead as the small community who took a stand," said Kirsten Skeehan, a co-owner of Pagosa Baking Company.

"Ultimately, what this is about is our small, local businesses. And by allowing Big Boxes into the community, we're slapping local businesses in the face," said Tony Gilbert.

"We have an opportunity that many communities in this state, maybe in the country, would love to be in, and that's to have the ability of controlling our own destiny," Gilbert said. "Take the opportunity," he said to the town council, "to control the destiny at least of Pagosa Springs, because it is in your hands."

Despite the impassioned comments and eloquent statements, some members of the town council still harbored concerns over the ordinance.

The ordinance, as written for Wednesday's session, would divide the town into two retail zones with square footage caps for each zone. Retail Zone One, the downtown core area, roughly the area from the intersection of U.S. 84 and U.S. 160 to Fifteenth Street, would allow retail development of up to 5,000 square feet. Under the ordinance, retail grocery establishments in the downtown zone would be capped at 15,000 square feet.

In Retail Zone Two, which encompasses all the town except the core area, the ordinance would cap retail uses at 15,000 square feet, and retail grocery establishments at 55,000 square feet.

The ordinance outlines specific square footage criteria for multiple retail establishments such as malls or shopping centers in each zone.

According to the ordinance, projects going beyond the square footage caps in either zone would be subject to conditional use evaluation and an Economic Impact Report. The report would assess the proposed project on a 19-point economic impact criteria scale. The scale would assess the project in terms of its ability to supply jobs that offer a living wage, vacation, sick time and health insurance to nonmanagerial staff and supplies convenience goods, shoppers' goods and general merchandise. The criteria also assesses whether the project is a locally owned and independent business, whether it meets certain design standards and whether it is environmentally sensitive.

Each item on the scale was given a point value, and if a project earned at least 12 out of 19 possible points, it could be approved.

The point system and the economic impact criteria drew much of the concern from council members. Also at issue was whether conditional use approval could be transferred from owner to owner upon sale of the business; or, would a new owner need to go through the conditional use process again.

Council Member Cotton, called the point scheme and approval criteria "very subjective," and said enforcement would be difficult and a bureaucratic nightmare. He said he was also concerned that the Big Box ordinance might be travelling beyond the scope and role of town government.

"It just seems to me we're telling them what to put on their shelves; were telling them who to hire basically, what the benefits are going to be and I'm not sure that's our function," Cotton said.

Town Manager, Mark Garcia said in light of the tremendous growth and development pressures facing the town, town staff supported some sort of Big Box regulation and that they were prepared to "work through the issues and to come up with a policy that works."

Aragon said, as Mayor of Pagosa Springs, he was compelled to make decisions based on the desires of his constituents and during closing remarks he expressed concern that few of those constituents were actually present at the meeting.

He spoke of caution and prudence and said he had "a big responsibility and was trying to honor that responsibility."

On Monday, July 25 at 10 a.m., the Town of Pagosa Springs and Archuleta County will hold a joint, Big Box worksession. Wednesday, July 27, at noon, the town will hold a worksession of its' own.

Depending on the outcome of those worksessions, the ordinance could see its first reading at the August 2, Town Council Meeting.


Town files for second phase river restoration project permit for fall

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The Town of Pagosa Springs has submitted a permit to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for Phase II of the town's River Restoration Project.

Scheduled to begin this fall, the work involves the construction of in-stream structures to improve recreational opportunities and wildlife habitat in the San Juan River between the Hot Springs Boulevard bridge and the Apache Street bridge.

The permit application includes work done by the town on a short stretch of the San Juan River last spring. That work, including in-channel changes near the Chamber of Commerce Visitor Center, drew the attention of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which alleged the work was out of compliance with previous permits for restoration work. The town does not agree with that allegation, and the Corps has not acted on it.

The Corps of Engineers is currently evaluating the permit application for the upcoming project and those wishing to comment must do so by Aug. 15.

Comments should be directed to: Kara Hellige, Project Manager, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Sacramento District, Durango Regulatory Office, 278 Sawyer Drive, Suite No.1, Durango, CO 81303. Comments can be submitted by phone or e-mail at: (970) 375-9452 or kara.a.hellige@ usace. army.mil

More information on the project is on the town's Web site, www.townof pagosasprings.com or at www.spk.usace. army.mil/regulatory.


 Inside The Sun

School district holds first meeting for prospective candidates

By Sarah Smith

SUN Intern

The Archuleta County School District 50 Joint school board held a meeting Tuesday, July 19, for those interested in running for a spot on the school board.

Three seats on the school board will be up for election in November. The seats representing Districts 4 and 5 will be vacated by Clifford Lucero and John Forrest, respectively, after their terms are completed.

Neither Lucero, a board member for eight years, nor Forrest, a board member for 12 years, have chosen to run again in the fall.

"They'll be hard spots to fill, that's for sure," said board member Sandy Caves.

District 4 encompasses the area in the town of Pagosa Springs and some of Timber Ridge. District 5 represents the area west of town and U.S. 84.

The seat representing District 1 (the area between North Pagosa Boulevard and Piedra Road) will also be up for election. Matt Aragon, a board member appointed in November, currently fills the seat and will be running for a full-term spot.

"Pagosa is fortunate to have the board we have today, and we'd like to keep that going," said Duane Noggle, district superintendent.

The election is non-partisan. You must be 18 years or older, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the district for 12 consecutive months prior to the election.

Beginning Aug. 3, petitions will be available at the county clerk's office. A potential candidate must receive 50 qualifying signatures, certified by the county clerk. They must personally observe every signer of the petition, and every signer must be registered to vote and include their correct physical address.

Mike Haynes, school board president, suggested obtaining extra signatures as well, since some signatures on the ballot may not be qualified by the clerk.

The petition must be turned in by Aug. 26. Anyone may challenge the qualification of a canditate by going to the district court. If there is no competition, the election will be canceled. All elected members will be sworn in Nov. 16.

"One of our goals was to make sure people are interested in running," said Lucero, "so we've acheived our goal."

Anyone interested in running for a position in the school board is invited to attend the next meeting dealing with the subject, 6 p.m. Tuesday, July 26, in the junior high library.


Airport Commission submits noise abatement proposals to county

By John Middendorf

Staff Writer

Airport construction continues "approximately" on schedule, said commissioner Bob Howard during an interview regarding July's Airport Commission meeting. The new extended runway is proceeding with an expected Sept. 15 completion, according to Howard. The new Fixed Base Operator building and eight hangars being built at the midfield location should be ready and operational by early October. "There's a lot of dust flying out there and we're satisfied with the progress," said Howard.

In other matters, the airport commissioners have submitted their Recommended Voluntary Noise Abatement Procedures to the county commissioners for their approval. The recommendations include a full runway takeoff to enable a quicker climb to altitude; airplane "run-ups" (the loud pre-flight revving and testing of an engine) to take place in remote corners of the airport; a flight pattern that recommends a slight turn to the east after takeoff to direct planes over a nearby lake and golf course; and a minimum 2,000-foot above-ground-level approach into the area with a 1,000-foot pattern altitude for setting up for landing, which takes place within about two miles of the airport.

The Voluntary Noise Abatement Procedures will be published on the airport Web sites and possibly referred to on the Automated Weather Operation System (AWOS) which is expected to come on line sometime in 2006.

Howard also presented a revised pro-forma airport expenses versus revenues for the 2006 airport operations. With an expected jump to 15,000 operations per year, (an operation is either a take-off or landing) with the new runway and FBO, Howard's pro-forma accounting indicates the airport will "not be a financial load on the county to operate." He also adds that of the 15,000 operations, only 25 percent are expected to be by local pilots, with out-of-town pilots adding substantially to the county's economy during their visits.

Bart Mitchell, executive director of the Archuleta Economic Development Association (AEDA) gave the airport commissioners an overview presentation of resources and incentives for bringing new businesses to Pagosa, and how the airport and AEDA can work together.

During the public comment period of July's Airport Commission meeting, Howard reports that there was "visible tension between the hangar owners and the airport manager," to which the airport manager, Rob Russ, admitted, "I may be rubbing a few people the wrong way because there's some people out there who want to keep doing things the old way."

With a staff of only three people (along with maintenance manager Chris Scarpa and administrative assistant Jennifer Chavez) running the airport operations, Russ said he "can't just be a manager that delegates." Some of the changes he has instituted, such as requiring clean areas around the hangars and no driving on the taxiways for safety reasons, have created conflict with some of the hangar owners, said Russ. He added that, with the current transition to a larger airport, there has been an increase in activity, and he cited last weekend's multiple firefighting and rescue helicopters using the airport as their base of operations to highlight the need for a more professional airport environment.

In response to concerns regarding airport funding, Howard noted that FAA funding is completely derived from aviation fuel taxes from commercial airlines, charter services and general aviation sites such as Steven's Field - not from general Federal tax funds. "Only users of the aviation system pay into the Aviation Trust Fund, which is then used for capital spending for airport projects," he said. The current runway improvement project at Stevens field, expected to cost nearly $10 million, is 90-percent funded by the FAA, 5-percent funded by the state of Colorado, with the remaining 5-percent funded by the county. Howard notes that with a recent congressional bill, future airport FAA projects will be funded 95 percent by the FAA and 2.5 percent by the state, requiring 2.5 percent from the county.

The new FBO building and eight new hangars, on the other hand, are county owned and managed projects costing approximately $2.8 million, funded largely by State Infrastructure Bank (SIB) loans, according to Interim County Administrator Kathy Holthus.


Blood donations off 30 percent; need is critical

The summer donation slump has hit and blood donations are down drastically. We normally see a drop starting with the Memorial Day weekend, but this year they are off over 30 percent.

Thus, with normal summer usage, inventories are extremely low. In addition, United Blood Services provided blood to the areas effected by last Wednesday's hurricane. UBS needs donors immediately. Projection of blood drive sign-ups are not good for the immediate future and there is no sign of decreased hospital requirements.

Please call United Blood Services at 385-4601 to make an appointment or go online at www. bloodhere.com.

You can donate blood 1-6 p.m. July 28 at the Mountain heights Baptist Church, 1044 Park Ave., in Pagosa Springs.


Mercy Hospital tour shows a facility based on foresight

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

During an afternoon tour on July 15, representatives from Pagosa Springs and Archuleta County took a first look at the new, partially constructed, Mercy Regional Medical Center.

The site boasts a 212,000 square foot hospital, built with expansion in mind, on a 60-acre campus.

"The building was designed around us and gives us the ability to expand over the next 50 to 100 years," said Brad Cochenet of Mercy Medical Center.

David Bruzzese, a spokesperson for Mercy, said the initial construction will use 35 acres of the 60-acre parcel just off of U.S. 160 about seven miles east of Durango.

Cochenet said the new regional medical center is, "only part of a very big puzzle," and both Cochenet and Bruzzese described it, and plans for nearby housing, shopping and other services, as the product of a unique collaboration between Mercy Medical Services, the Southern Ute Tribe, the Colorado Department of Transportation, The City of Durango, La Plata County and Catholic Health Initiatives, Mercy's parent corporation.

Although the Mercy facility is a separate undertaking from other site development, Bruzzese said the overall site plan seeks to integrate the new medical center with the development of adjacent residential areas, a main street, shopping, offices, services and other facilities.

Site development, Bruzzese said, is based on the principle of "New Urbanism" with the goal being to create a walkable community with the regional medical center as a cornerstone.

Although the benefits of the overall site plan may not be immediately evident to Pagosa Springs and Archuleta County residents, there are many other amenities that will be hard for those hospital users to miss. From parking, to multiple, more user-friendly entrances, to cutting edge medical care, both Cochenet and Bruzzese said the new medical center is a total transformation from their current Durango site.

Pam Hopkins, Upper San Juan Health Service District board chair, said she is impressed with the level of foresight and planning that has gone into the design and construction of the new facility.

"They have really thought the whole thing out," Hopkins said.

Parking at the current Mercy facility has long been an issue, and Cochenet said numerous parking lots would provide close and direct access to many of the most commonly accessed areas of the new facility.

"This is a major improvement over today, where the neighborhood supports parking," Cochenet said.

But parking is just one of the improvements. The new center will also include a dialysis clinic, psychiatric care, expanded cardiac care, a birthing center, expanded emergency room facilities (nearly double that of the current Mercy facility), a helicopter pad, upgraded and expanded food service facilities and a healing labyrinth and garden.

Bruzzese said the labyrinth was designed as a component of the healing garden and he said he hopes it will facilitate introspection.

"We've tried to create a healing environment for body, mind and spirit," he said.

Bruzzese said the new hospital will boast "state of the art operating suites," with DVD recorders and flat panel monitors mounted on booms for doctors performing orthoscopic surgeries. Add paperless hospital records, digital X-rays and other diagnostic images, and the result is a fully digitized facility that will enable Mercy doctors to share medical information quickly and efficiently within the Mercy system and with doctors around the world if necessary.

But perhaps one of the improvements Cochenet said he is most excited about is the new medical center's ability to offer 82 private patient rooms.

"No more magic curtains," Cochenet said.

Cochenet also called the center's new acute psychiatric treatment center a "regional first."

"Patients used to be sent to Pueblo and this added to an already stressful situation," Cochenet said.

Among the group from Pagosa Springs and Archuleta County, the birthing center with its water birthing pool drew much interest.

"We have a totally different design for the birthing facility," Cochenet said. "The rooms will be decorated differently. It will be a unique and special place for birthing mothers, complete with air-jetted tubs," Cochenet said.

While walking through the facility, one tour participant asked Mary Jo Coulehan of the Pagosa Springs Chamber of Commerce, "How do you like it Mary Jo?"

"It makes you feel like getting sick," she said, responding with a smile.

Pagosa Springs Town Manager Mark Garcia was so impressed with the birthing center he said, "It makes you want to have a kid again."

Musetta Wollenweber, the director of Archuleta County Senior Services, was particularly pleased with the new dialysis clinic. And Archuleta County Commissioner Ronnie Zaday said she looks forward to a new level of care and expanded facilities that will soon be available for county residents.

"It was great to have a tour and great to have a chance to see all it has to offer," she said. "It's a lot closer and has more of the necessary facilities."

And that improved proximity, said Richard Miller of the Mercy Health Foundation board of directors, is one of the new center's greatest gifts to Pagosa Springs and Archuleta County residents.

"It's 17 minutes closer than the old hospital is now. Seventeen minutes will save your life," he said.

Bruzzese said the project is on schedule, and that the center should be up and running by next July.

Dick Babilis of the Upper San Juan Health Service District finance committee and the Mary Fisher Foundation board said the tour had made the project more tangible and seemingly closer to fruition.

"This makes it real," he said.


LWV will host methamphetamine

data meeting

Ellen Wadley, president of the League of Women Voters for Archuleta County, has announced the League's monthly meeting will be 6:30 p.m. Tuesday in the Archuleta County Extension Building.

After a brief business meeting, a panel of guests and a video presentation will help educate the community about the current methamphetamine issues affecting the community.

The panel will consist of Suzie Kleckner, San Juan Basin Health Department; Scott Maxwell, detective, Pagosa Springs Police Department, Dan Keunig, N.P, Pagosa Family Medicine; Ellen Charnley, Mothers Against Methamphetamine; and Isabel Willis, child welfare caseworker from Department of Human Services.

Also available to answer questions during the program will be Archuleta County Judge Jim Denvir.

Joanne Irons, community awareness chair for prevention of methamphetamine in Pagosa Springs, will help facilitate the program.

Refreshments will be provided and there will be an opportunity to ask questions. All are encouraged to attend.


County planning commission

meeting bumped

The Archuleta County Planning Commission will not meet July 27, as regularly scheduled.

The planning commission is next scheduled to meet 7 p.m. Aug. 10.



Get tickets now for lunar standstill at Chimney Rock

By Karen Aspin

Special to The SUN

An opportunity to view a special sight - the moon rising between the two spectacular stone pillars of Chimney Rock - is available only to limited audiences, for a limited time.

Chimney Rock is the only venue we know of on Earth where a natural observatory frames the view of this lunar phenomena and a public viewing program has been established to enjoy such an event.

The next viewing is the night of Sunday, July 31.

A major lunar standstill occurs on an 18.6-year cycle, and because our viewing tower capacity is limited, you'll need a reservation for this special fund-raising event to support native Puebloan involvement at Chimney Rock.

Limited advance tickets are $50. For details and tickets call Chimney Rock Interpretive Association 10 a.m.-noon, Mondays and Tuesdays, at 264-2287.

Further details on major lunar standstills and future opportunities for viewing at Chimney Rock Archaeological Area can also be found at www.chimneyrockco.org.

Chimney Rock Archaeological Area is south of U.S. 160 on Colo.151, west of Pagosa Springs.

The major lunar standstill viewing is sponsored by the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, Inc. (CRIA), in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, San Juan National Forest, Pagosa Ranger District.


Women's firearm safety and ed sessions in August

A women's firearm safety and education workshop will take place Aug. 19, 5:30-9:30 p.m. and Aug. 20, 8 a.m.-4 p.m.

The workshop is made possible through the National Wild Turkey Foundation Women in the Outdoors. It is designed for education; it is not a self-defense course.

Disciplines covered at the workshop include hand gun, rifle, shotgun and muzzle loaders. There will be an opportunity Aug. 20 for all participants to rotate to all discipline stations.

Instructors are Don Volger, Pagosa Springs chief of police; Mike Reid, Justin Krall and Doug Purcell of the Division of Wildlife; Emzy Barker and Charlie Rogers.

The workshop is open to women 13 and older; women 13-18 must be accompanied by an adult, female family participant.

Cost is $50 per person. The fee includes training, Friday dinner, Saturday continental breakfast and lunch.

Call Kim Lynch, 731-9172, or Pam Lynd, 731-4984, by Thursday, Aug. 11, to register. Payment is due at time of registration.

The Friday workshop session will be held at the Pagosa Mounted Ranger building and enrollment is limited.

Makes checks payable to NWTF and send to P.O. Box 5761, Pagosa Springs CO 81147.


Friends of Wolf Creek to hold sale Saturday

Growing concern about the proposed Village at Wolf Creek has resulted in the formation of five chapters of Friends of Wolf Creek: Durango, San Luis Valley, Creede, Front Range and Pagosa Springs.

A Friends of Wolf Creek office will be established in Creede in the near future and funding through Colorado Wild and Friends of Wolf Creek will be essential to opening the office. To help, the Pagosa Springs chapter has been asked to sponsor a fund-raiser.

The first event will be a "Garage/Yard/Anything Goes" sale starting 8 a.m. Saturday, July 23. The sale will continue until 2 p.m. in Greenbriar Plaza, B9, (formerly Saul's Furnishings) near the intersection of North Pagosa Boulevard and Park Avenue.

Friends of Wolf Creek members and all interested persons may bring donations for Saturday's sale to the sale location between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. today and Friday.

Additional help will be needed for the sale. Donations for the sale may also be dropped off at Switchback Mountain Apparel at 456 Pagosa St. Call ahead (264-2225) for instructions on donating larger items.

Information about Friends of Wolf Creek and the proposed Village of Wolf Creek will be available during the sale.

For more information contact: Marilyn Hutchins (731-9414), Dean Cox (264-2012), or Lee Cox (731-9501).


Beware of lightning in the backcountry

By Ann Bond

Special to The SUN

Summer thunderstorms pose a serious threat to your safety in the backcountry.

Plan trips so that you descend from high elevations early to avoid afternoon thunderstorms above timberline. A good rule of thumb is to descend to below tree-line by noon.

When skies begin to look threatening, they already are. Any time clouds develop vertically and cloud bases grow dark, a lightning hazard is developing, and danger is present far earlier than most people understand. Don't get too focused on hearing thunder and seeing lightning as your warning to danger, because you will overlook the imminent threat of a first strike.

While it is important to monitor approaching storms on the horizon, it is just as important to watch for hazardous thunderstorm development right overhead or nearby.

If you recognize a hazard is developing, seek cover in a building or vehicle, if possible. That means a substantial building (not picnic shelters, bus stops, dugouts, etc.) or inside a metal, covered vehicle (not open jeeps, golf carts). If inside a vehicle, don't touch anything that could conduct electricity.

If you are caught out in the backcountry during a thunderstorm: Get off high points and out of open areas to minimize the chance of a direct hit, and don't be the tallest object in the vicinity. Lightning often seeks higher objects, because it's a shorter gap for the electrical charge to bridge. However, you also want to avoid being near the tallest objects, which serve as lightning rods. Getting under a lone tree or small group of trees in an opening is dangerous. Being near a single tall tree or group of tall trees in a forest is dangerous.

Move into a stand of smaller trees in a lower position on the landscape to increase the odds that lightning will strike higher points or taller objects far away from you instead.

The majority of lightning strikes are not direct hits, but rather arc from another object or through the ground after a nearby strike. Ground-arcing can reach out up to 100 yards from the object that is struck. Minimizing your contact with the ground will minimize the likelihood of being hit by a ground arc. In a worst-case scenario, you can squat down, head on your knees, feet and legs together, and balance on the balls of your feet.

In dangerous situations, it's advisable for people to separate, not huddle together. If a ground arc hits one, it will probably get everyone in a close group. By spreading well out, you reduce the odds of everyone being hit. Avoid things that can conduct electricity, like water channels or metal fencing. Lightning can follow streams or barbed wire fences for long distances, flow into the ground, and spread out.

Even when a thunderstorm is far away or has already passed over, lightning danger may remain. Lightning can strike many miles away from a thunderstorm. While most strikes originate from the negatively charged lower levels of a thunder cloud and bridge the gap to corresponding positive charges on the ground, far more powerful strokes can originate from the positively charged upper portions of a cumulonimbus cloud, extending miles into clear air (often behind the thunderstorm), and angling to the ground many miles from the storm itself. Because of the much greater gaps these positive strokes must bridge to corresponding negatively charged ground objects (including people), they are much more powerful. A thunderstorm may have passed, the sun is out and the sky is blue; so you're back to play or work. Wham! Likewise, such strokes can precede a storm by miles for the same reason.


Historic House

Dear Editor:

I always enjoy reading The SUN, especially the articles about the past. I am really shocked and disappointed in what is happening to the "Historic Houses" in Pagosa, especially the Hersch Home. It was probably one of the best constructed homes in Pagosa and should have been made into a historical site. I do want to comment on Richard Walter's column (Pacing Pagosa). His records on the birth of Joe Hersch needs a little research and correction. If my recollection is correct, Joe Hersch was born in 1903, not 1921. Also, Joe had sons born in 1928, 30 and 33.

Franklin Anderson

(Editor's note: Birth dates used were taken from John M. Motter's book "Pagosa Country: The First 50 Years.")



Dear Editor:

The function of editors is to "separate the wheat from the chaff and then publish the chaff." Gratefully, the editor of The SUN publishes both the wheat and chaff, including mine. Right after scanning Red Ryder, I turn to the Letters to the Editor. Reading the letters gives me a fuzzy image of thinking (and the lack thereof) of the Pagosa urbanites.

Because I write and read the letters to the editor, no doubt the Pagosa urbanites think I have no social life. As usual, they are wrong. I reported on my trip to the Pagosa animal shelter a few editions back. In March, I had a nice visit from the Jehovah Witnesses. Just last week, I had a phone call from a telemarketer. So you can see, I have an active social life, which would be the envy of the most sophisticated Pagosa socialites.

Bob Dungan



Road safety plea

Dear Editor :

This is the text of a letter sent jointly to the Archuleta County commissioners by the boards of directors of the Upper San Juan Health Services District and Pagosa Fire Protection District.

"Dear Commissioners:

"It is our understanding that Archuleta County is in the process of developing a County Road Map as required by the State of Colorado. Although you are not addressing road maintenance at this time as a part of this process, it is important to note that the two are very much intertwined and important considerations regarding road maintenance must be addressed when developing the County Rod Map.

"The Boards of Directors of the Pagosa Fire Protection District and Upper San Juan Health Service District have major concerns with the approach the county is taking and its effect on the health and safety of the citizens of Archuleta County. The purpose of government is to do collectively what citizens cannot do individually. Roads obviously fit within the real m and scope of government and responsibility for such should not be abrogated and left to be maintained by some other means. Roads are the lifelines to town, to schools, to medical facilities and access for fire protection and emergency vehicles. Without proper maintenance and plowing of all county roads in winter months, you are jeopardizing the health and safety of our county's citizens by denying fire protection and emergency vehicle access to many roads in the county that would not be plowed under the proposed plan.

"We believe that the proposed plan to maintain 31 roads is not in best interest of the county. Such a plan could result in a lawsuit if emergency vehicles were unable to access a home because of no snow plowing and a death resulted due to this lack of access. Monies paid out in defending the county and any awards made may far exceed the monies saved by reducing maintenance on the present county-maintained roads.

"We petition you to reconsider your plan in light of these heath and safety concerns and encourage you to make the maintenance of roads in this county a priority"

Pam Hopkins

and Richard E. Mosely Jr.

board chairs


A challenge

Dear Editor:

Over 15 years ago, I wrote a letter with this same title. The fatalities of that summer all involved teenagers: one Echo Lake drowning, one four-wheel accident, one bicycle accident, one suicide and one hunting accident.

Many of you remember that summer because you still grieve your losses. I stated in my letter that I grew up at the Boys and Girls Club. We were taught water, road, hunting and survival safety, amongst other athletic and creative programs, all which were funded by United Way and local donations and volunteers. So I was encouraged when I heard that Pagosa Springs was building a community center with a facility for the youth and senior citizens to work in unity for our community.

I couldn't help but ask, after seeing such a wonderful senior center, what happened to the youth center? Where is United Way? Where are volunteers of America? Where did all the funds go? Where is our mayor and his influence?

I'll tell you where they all are - they're too busy trying to play commissioner roulette cover-up while the city employee in charge of this so-called community center sits back and does nothing. Shame on you!

How can we pay taxes for something that doesn't get used? Is that what they call tradition? Just because it's been that way for years doesn't mean it's right.

This letter is a challenge. These kids could some day be your future. United Way is a nonprofit organization. Wake up, Pagosa, before it's too late.

Columbine was in Colorado and terrorism is affecting us all every day of our lives. Just stop and think about the phrase, "Power to the people."

Dennis Martinez


Restore, not destroy

Dear Editor:

Reference low cost housing in Pagosa Springs. The SUN had an article on this topic and most refers to ownership of a home. Possibly Pagosa Springs needs to consider low cost rentals. Not that a house can't be owned by the wealthier to get richer off the renter but, as an example, the older homes that are being destroyed - save these structures, revamp. The herb shop was large enough to be three or four apartments.

Having rented an 1890 home that was revamped into four apartments, I know it was wonderful - not only the structure, but the old growth, plants, trees that surrounded it.

Think restore, not destroy. Once again, I ask, save some old character of Pagosa Springs.

Thank you.

Pam Morrow


PSAC serves well

Dear Editor:

Pagosa Springs is such a great place to live and we are so fortunate to have many wonderful organizations. This letter is about one of them, the Pagosa Springs Art Council.

While the PSAC supports many activities in the area, I recently was on the receiving end of one of them. I and eleven other people took the Beginning Watercolor 1 class with Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett. What a gem we have in this class and these two fantastic teachers!

I am a real neophyte with any kind of creative work and never felt talented. By the end of the three days, everyone in the class felt like we could be artists, thanks to Ginnie and Denny. They were so supportive, knowledgeable, positive and just lots of fun. If you have ever thought about doing something creative, give this a try. You won't regret it! Thank you PSAC for providing this opportunity in our town. I look foreword to Beginning Watercolor 2 in August.

Ann Rasich


Journalism serves

Dear Editor:

Your July 14 SUN editorial was fairly explicit and maybe a tad severe. But, there can be little doubt that the sole aim of journalism should be service.

The press is a great power, but just as an unchained stampede of wreckers, bulldozers and real estate greed can level and devastate an entire town, even so an uncontrolled pen serves but to destroy. If the control is from without, it can prove to be more poisonous than want of control. I'd like to think it can be profitable only when exorcised from within.

If this line of reasoning is correct, how many of the journals in the world would stand the test? Who would stop those who are useless? And who should be the judge?

The useful and the useless must, like good and evil generally, go on together, and sooner or later the voting man will make his choice.

However, might I mix in just a little "Food for Thought?" Journalists do not live by words alone, sometimes they will have to eat them.

Jim Sawicki


Boosters' blessing

Dear Editor:

To parody my solo in our Music Boosters' production of "Oklahoma!"

"I'd like to say a word for the actor he/she come on stage and makes alotta changes."

Having been in awe of Dale Morris and her collaborators - Lisa Hartley, Kathy Isberg, Joanne Laird, Melinda Baum, Shawna Carosello, Michael DeWinter, Scott Farnham, and many others - since I was dragged to "Footloose" (the MB production which struck that awe in me), I have taken in these shows. Sometimes I'd catch glimpses as a band member, other times my view was better in the audience.

For "Oklahoma!" as Andrew Carnes, befuddled father of wild-oater Ado Annie, I got the view that brought home to me the blessing to Pagosa of the Music Booster directors. Being myself the subject of Sue Anderson's and Lisa Hartley's vocal coaching and direction from the chief herself, Dale, I had a life experience as part of this wonderful process.

With apologies for such syrup in a newspaper, I want to mention what I learned about what I thought might be magic from Dale. What it actually is, is love. Love downright motherly and reverberating through the cast, crew and band.

Thank you.

Harvey Schwartz

Community News

Speaker Series to begin in Pagosa Aug. 11

Public art can give a place character and identity, attract visitors, generate civic pride and improve the image of a neighborhood. These factors are often vital to creating places where people want to live, work and visit.

The Community Vision Council Art and Cultural Committee is sponsoring a free Speaker Series in Pagosa Springs. Leading experts in the design of public spaces and the implementation of successful public art programs in Colorado mountain towns will discuss the interplay of art and civic life.

On Aug. 11, Mark Childs, associate professor of architecture at the University of New Mexico, an expert on the design of public spaces the social aspects or urban design, and the author of "Squares: A Public Place Design Guide for Urbanists," will discuss how these spaces are fundamental to a civil society.

Harold Stalf, director of the Grand Junction Downtown Development Authority and Joe Napoleon, planning director for the city of Woodland Park, will discuss their communities' respective successful public art programs Aug. 15.

On Aug. 25, Nore Winter, an urban design and planning consultant with more than 25 years experience, will discuss weaving public art, urban design and streetscape into a livable community.

All events will be held at the Pagosa Springs Community Center, 451 Hot Springs Blvd. The evening begins with a reception at 6 p.m. The speaker will take the stage at 6:30 p.m. All events are free and open to the public. Seating is limited, so get there early.

For more information, contact Angela Atkinson at 731-9897.

The CVC Art and Cultural Committee is a volunteer committee of artists and art advocates from the Pagosa Springs Community working to integrate art and public life. Members include Crista Munro, Folkwest; Michael Coffee, Shy Rabbit Studio; Kate Petley, artist; Felicia Meyer, performer and director; Leanne Goebel; arts advocate; Cate Smock, Pagosa Springs Arts Council; and Angela Atkinson, executive director of CVC.

UU to consider power of positive expectations

The Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship will hold a service Sunday, July 24, dealing with our choices to be in either a "victim" mentality or a "completely responsible" mentality.

The subject, "An Infinite Expectation of the Dawn," is based on a sermon delivered by the Rev. M. Maureen Killoran, minister of a Unitarian Universalist church in Asheville, North Carolina.

Pagosa resident Karen Kauffman, who will present this program, is writing a book entitled "Conscious Language," which is about programming ourselves for positive rather than negative expectations. This makes for a very relevant and insightful match with the program topic.

The service and child care begin at 10:30 a.m. The Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall is Unit 15, Greenbrier Plaza. Turn east on Greenbrier Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big sign.

For more information, call Phyl Daleske at 731-4589 or John Graves at 731-9863. As always, all are welcome.


PSAC annual home and garden tour set for Sunday

By Marti Capling

Special to The PREVIEW

Only a few days remain to make plans and purchase tickets for the fifth annual Home and Garden Tour happening noon to 5 p.m. Sunday, July 24.

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council is most appreciative of the following hosts who have offered to open their homes and gardens this year. With four uniquely styled homes, a Japanese teahouse, two luxury townhome models, and a lovely garden-only property, there will certainly be something for everyone.

The Alley's mountain home is located 11 miles out on Fourmile Road in the Lost Valley of the San Juans, but it is well worth the drive. This home was originally built by Jim Halleck of Earth Block, Inc. and features an exterior wall system utilizing pressed earth blocks, which is a modern refinement of traditional adobe construction. The fourteen inch thick walls provide superior insulation and durability. This home features a stucco and wood exterior, lots of windows to capture the mountain views, wrap around decks, and beautiful aspen woodwork in the interior. The round-topped doors were handcrafted by a local carpenter, Tyler Campbell. The floor is natural slate, the cabinetry is hickory, and some of the interior walls are finished with a natural earthen plaster, making the entire home aesthetically pleasing, energy efficient and environmentally friendly. Warm and cozy furnishings and decor compliment all three levels of the interior. Special features include a Santa collection in the loft and interesting art, including that of local artist Pat Erickson.

The lovely drive out Fourmile Road, the spectacular views of Pagosa Peak up close and personal, and the unique construction of the Alley's home make it one you won't want to miss. Allow extra time for the drive, and be sure to visit the Rodger's home also located on Fourmile Road. What began as a small cabin with a loft has been enlarged in two directions, complete with a lower level. After the first winter, a garage with guest quarters above was added, followed by another garage/workshop building to complete the Rodger's home. The exterior is log siding with stone accents with an interior of aspen paneling to showcase their collection of local art. Look for works by Claire Goldrick, Milton Lewis, Ginnie Bartlett, Wayne Justus and Kent Gordon, along with other Western artists. Antiques, collectibles, quilts and furniture pieces made by the owners give a personal touch to this lovely home. Come and enjoy views of the valley and the North range from their deck.

In the Knolls subdivision adjoining the airport you'll find the Barrows' contemporary four bedroom home designed by Maggie Dix-Caruso and built by Bob Eskew. The exterior is a combination of log siding and stucco with stone accents with an ironstone deck. Massive log columns and beams, aspen ceilings, ash flooring, stacked stone fireplaces and Native American decor accent the interior, along with local art by Ginnie Bartlett, Wayne Justus, Doris Green and Kent Gordon. The lower level features a family room with a second fireplace, sauna, hot tub and a second laundry area. Visitors may choose to take a short walk to the Japanese Teahouse built by the Barrows to take advantage of the panoramic views from Pagosa peak to the east range.

Tall pines frame the entrance to the Jolliff's contemporary stucco home in Eaton Pagosa Estates. Wraparound decks overlook the landscaped yard featuring an outdoor electric train area with views of Lake Forest and the north range beyond. The interior decor is predominantly Southwestern with Mexican and African accents throughout. The gourmet kitchen is a cook's dream, while the living/dining area contains a grand piano. A variety of art pieces throughout the home reflect the interest and travels of the owner, including local artists Claire Goldrick and Denny Rose. The upper level contains a sitting room with a king-size Murphy bed and family antiques, along with a bedroom and bath. The lower level has a media room with a kiva fireplace, a bedroom and bath, plus an office and a hobby room. This home was constructed by Black Bear Builders of Pagosa Springs.

The Whispering Pines Company has offered both of their new luxury townhome models, which are fully furnished and decorated, to serve as the refreshment center and to showcase the works of local artists. One is a single-level, two-bedroom model and the other is a two story three-bedroom model, where refreshments will be served. In addition, several local artists will be displaying their works for your viewing pleasure in both locations. The 2006 calendars produced by the PSAC and featuring local artists will also be available for sale at $8.95 plus tax for members and $9.95 plus tax for nonmembers. Please note that parking is limited and participants are asked to park along one side of Talisman Drive so as not to block private driveways.

Located near the refreshment center is a special garden-only property that participants are invited to visit. Parking is available nearby so that people can stroll through the yard and enjoy the many flowers, shrubs, trees and walkways through the garden area that surrounds the home. Owner Bridgette Friesl will be available to share her gardening knowledge as she continually works to improve and enhance her garden space.

After spending the afternoon gathering ideas on building, landscaping, decorating, gardening and enjoying the art of homemaking, plan to end the day with music by attending the American Roots Music Festival at the Pagosa Lakes Community Center The arts are alive in Pagosa Springs.

Tickets to the Home and Garden Tour are available at the PSAC Gallery, the Chamber of Commerce, Moonlight Books and WolfTracks. Please remember that ticket sales will be limited to 300. If there are leftover tickets they can be purchased at WolfTracks Sunday morning, until they are gone. To facilitate parking and reduce traffic, participants are encouraged to share a ride whenever possible.

One of world's best violinists performs in Pagosa July 22

By Carole Howard

Special to The PREVIEW

A few tickets are still available for the performance at 7 p.m. Friday, July 22 of violinist Vadim Gluzman, who has played worldwide to rave reviews and earned a reputation as the clone of the late virtuoso Isaac Stern.

Gluzman is flying in from Europe just to perform for Music in the Mountains. His performance will include solos and Bruch's "Octet" with musicians playing a cello, double bass, two violas and three violins. Also, he will be joined by a trio composed of Erin Hannigan on the oboe, Greg Hustis on the horn and Edward Neuman on the piano. Hustis and Hannigan are leading members of the Dallas symphony orchestra. These musicians have performed in venues all over North America and, in the case of Hustis, in Rio de Janeiro. Hustis and Newman also have made recordings of their performances.

One of the most inspiring and dynamic artists performing and recording today, Gluzman has established himself as a violinist of great depth, virtuosity and technical brilliance. Lauded by both critics and audiences, he has performed throughout the United States, Europe, Russia, Japan, Canada and Australia.

Pagosa music enthusiasts should take special note of the violin you will hear at this concert. Gluzman now plays the extraordinary 1690 ex-Leopold Auer Stradivarius, which is on extended loan to him through the generosity of the Strativari Society of Chicago. "In Gluzman's hands, this Strad doesn't speak: it proclaims, sings, sighs, laughs," said one critic about Gluzman's playing of this historic instrument.

This concert takes place at BootJack Ranch on U.S. 160 east of Pagosa Springs, thanks to the generosity of David and Carol Brown, owners of the ranch. Cost of the event is $40 and tickets are available at the Pagosa Chamber of Commerce.

"We're incredibly lucky to have first-class musicians who have performed to enthusiastic reviews around the world come to Pagosa to play for us," said Jan Clinkenbeard, chair of Pagosa Springs Music in the Mountains. "Thanks to the generosity of the Browns, we will enjoy this outstanding music in a spectacular mountain setting at the foot of Wolf Creek Pass."

If you are unable to visit the Pagosa Springs Chamber of Commerce to purchase tickets, they also are available online at www.tix.com or through the Music in the Mountains Web site at www.musicinthemountains.com.

To be put on the mailing list for the concerts and future Pagosa Music in the Mountains events, call (970) 385-6820 in Durango and specify that you want to be on the Pagosa Springs mailing list.


Lecture, workshop, auction planned by Pagosa Waldorf Initiative

The Pagosa Waldorf Initiative has announced a public lecture and workshop to be led by Rahima Baldwin Dancy on Aug. 5 and 6.

Dancy, author of "You Are Your Child's First Teacher," is one of the leading interpreters of the principles of Waldorf early childhood education. She received her training at the Waldorf Institute before teaching kindergarten at the Rudolf Steiner School of Ann Arbor and leading a Waldorf home preschool. She is the founder and president of Informed Family Life and author of "Special Delivery and Pregnant Feelings." She was a primary midwife and co-director of The Birth Center in Michigan for nine years. She currently lives in Boulder. Together with her husband, Agaf Dancy, she has raised four children who are now 25-35 years old.

All parents and educators want what is best for their children and students. Yet it is easier to define and meet basic physical and emotional needs than it is to know how, what and when to teach children in the preschool years.

What do young children really need? What will really prepare them for life in our rapidly changing world? These and other questions and topics will be explored in Dancy's Friday evening lecture.

Following this event there will be a live auction, with proceeds to benefit the Pagosa Waldorf Initiative - a budding nonprofit working to bring Waldorf education to the community.

On Saturday morning, the topic Family Matters: Creating a More Harmonious Home Life will be discussed. The pace of life and the many demands we all experience leave many parents too busy to notice that their home life has become chaotic and draining instead of being a haven of calm and renewal. Join other workshops participants to learn practical ways in which home life can be a supportive foundation for all members of the family.

Organizers of the event invite all those interested in the guidance and well-being of our young children to attend. Certificates of participation and CEUs will be available.

Tickets are on sale now at Pacific Auction Exchange (731-3949) and will also be sold at the door before the events. Cost is $10 for Friday evening 6-9 p.m. and $15 for Saturday morning 8:30 a.m.-noon. All events will take place in the Pagosa Community Center on Hot Springs Blvd.

For more information, call 731-1415.


Native American Cultural Gathering celebrates 10th year at Chimney Rock

By Caroline Brown

Special to The PREVIEW

It's been almost 10 years since the Great Kiva at the Chimney Rock Archaeological Area once again resounded with pueblo songs and dances. In September 1995, for the first time in nearly 900 years, pueblo people returned to Chimney Rock and celebrated and acknowledged their ancestors through traditional Native American song and dance.

Chimney Rock 2005 will commemorate 10 years of promoting cultural stewardship July 23 and 24 with traditional singers and dancers from Hopi, Zuni, San Felipe, Acoma and Laguna pueblos, as well as Aztec dancers.

Two cultural programs will be presented in the Great Kiva each day beginning at noon and 4 p.m. The public should come through the gate at least 30 minutes prior to the presentation in order to park and walk to the Great Kiva.

Admission is $10 per person and all proceeds are divided among the singers and dancers. No advance tickets will be sold and there will be no guided tours at Chimney Rock on either day. Native American arts and crafts will be available.

Fernando Cellicion from the Zuni Pueblo is coming back to Chimney Rock this year and no doubt will delight the audience with his melodious traditional Native American flute music. Another favorite that will be returning is Grupo Tlaloc, with their impressive style of Aztec dances.

Come out and celebrate the ongoing presence of indigenous cultures in this area for the last 1,000 years and be part of the 10th Chimney Rock Native American Cultural Gathering, preserving the past in today's world.

The Chimney Rock Archaeological Area is located approximately 20 miles west of Pagosa Springs, just south of U.S. 160 on Colo. 151.

Chimney Rock 2005 is sponsored by Friends of Native Cultures in cooperation with the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association and San Juan National Forest. Funding in part is provided by Durango Friends of the Arts.

For more information, call Caroline Brown (970) 731-4248.


'Don Juan DeMarco' next up for film society

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

The Pagosa Springs Film Society will screen and discuss director Jeremy Leven's 1995 offbeat comedy-romance "Don Juan Demarco" Tuesday, July 26.

Johnny Depp, an acclaimed master of offbeat character interpretations, is joined by Marlon Brando and Faye Dunaway in this story about a young fellow whose delusion makes a jaded psychotherapist want to get in touch with his own lost dreams.

Critic Peter Travers, in Rolling Stone, says "Don Juan DeMarco is a film about staying alive in the midst of life. The film taps into the universal desire to live at the pinnacle, in a swirl of romance and anticipated ecstasy."

The screening begins at 7 p.m. in the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall, Unit 15 in Greenbrier Plaza. Turn east on Greenbrier Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big sign. A suggested $3 donation will benefit The Friends of the Library.


Arborglyph photo show on display through July 30

By Shari Pierce

Staff Writer

Arborglyph. Not a word recognized by spell check on my computer, but one recognized by many people since the opening of Peggy Bergon's special photo exhibit of arborglyphs at the San Juan Historical Society Museum.

Since the June 17 opening, hundreds of visitors to the museum have enjoyed these photographs. You can too, but time is running out. The exhibit will remain on display only through July 30.

What are arborglyphs? Carvings done on aspen trees by sheepherders.

According to Bergon, these Hispanic shepherds drove their flocks through the wilderness surrounding Pagosa Springs as they headed toward their permitted summer grazing lands. She describes the permits as "fascinating" and very detailed, instructing shepherds on the routes they should take, the number of days to camp at each site and description of the area where the sheep were to graze. These drives took place as early as 1880.

Bergon notes that in the early 1900s there were at least three times as many sheep as cattle grazing on national forest lands under these permits, attesting to one aspect of our county's history as a sheep-raising community. The earliest carving Bergon has discovered thus far dates to 1902.

The arborglyph subjects include buildings, animals, religious icons, geometric designs, self-portraits, numbers, mathematical equations and more.

Bergon has spent over 25 years searching out, studying, photographing and cataloguing these intriguing carvings. After the Missionary Ridge fire of 2002, it became even more evident just how fragile these pieces of southwest Colorado history are. Her friend Jeffrey Schauppe began encouraging and helping her to document these carvings. Now, most weekends will find Bergon and Schauppe out in search of arborglyphs, photographing, studying and cataloguing.

Bergon sifted through her collection of approximately 4,000 photographs and selected 25 for this special show.

The photographs on display are available for purchase by the public. In addition, some of the photographs have been made into greeting cards that are offered for sale. Proceeds from the sale of the photographs and cards will be used to further photograph and catalogue this cultural resource that will, due to its fragile nature, disappear over time.

Regular museum hours are 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday; adult admission is $3. The museum is located at the corner of U.S. 160 and First Street.


4-H Chuckwagon BBQ tickets are now on sale

By Pamela Bomkamp

Special to The PREVIEW

When flowers have reached their peak and the river's peak has calmed considerably, it is time to make plans for the county fair.

Whether you finally get around to entering your just-finished quilt in the Open Class Needle Arts division or you decide to bake something special for the baking department, one thing is for sure: you can buy tickets now for the annual 4-H Chuckwagon BBQ Dinner scheduled Saturday, Aug. 6.

There are plenty of eager 4-H youth hoping you will purchase a ticket from them and that you will come to enjoy smoked beef brisket, Colorado-grown baked potato, cole slaw, dinner roll, and the classic summer dessert, strawberry shortcake. All that and soft drinks, tea, water and coffee for only $8 for ages 13 and up, and $6 for ages 12 and under.

Tickets are now available at the Chamber of Commerce, county Extension Office, Shell station and at the Activity Tent Saturday night. This 4-H fund-raiser serves up a good ole western BBQ to bring the community together for socializing and to showcase the 4-H youth projects in the Extension Building, and with hopes diners will attend the livestock auction to bid on some homegrown meat for their own.

These kids have been meeting with community volunteer project leaders and club leaders since last September to learn about everything from photography to raising livestock; as well as do community service projects such as Adopt-A-Highway trash pick-up. Then 4-H members must show what they have learned via a judged interview and record book.

4-H youth nationwide have been learning life skills of all kinds for over 100 years. Service is a part of the 4-H program and this year's fund-raising will include service right in the BBQ tickets sales. A percentage of all fund-raising money will be used only for community service, starting with a plan to improve the Extension's Exhibit Hall, which has been used by Pagosans for many years for voting, all kinds of meetings and religious services, as well as our County Fair.

They hope to drywall or at least paint the walls and purchase and install laminate flooring over the current concrete floor. Enjoying a meal under the big tent with your county neighbors while knowing you are supporting 4-H and community service sounds more than delicious.

Archuleta County 4-H would like to invite you to set aside Saturday, Aug. 6, for a fun time at the County Fair with some all-American events which all come together once a year.

The 4-H Chuckwagon BBQ Dinner is served 4-6:30 p.m. with some funny contests during the meal, directly followed by a hypnotist, the livestock auction, and Tim Sullivan & Narrow Gauge playing at 9 p.m.


Graves headlines Roots Fest Sunday

By Paul Roberts

Special to The PREVIEW

Pianist John Graves headlines the American Roots Music Festival, 6 p.m. Sunday at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.

How jazz evolved from folk music and the blues will be the theme of his performance. The Roots fest begins 4 p.m. with a workshop with Steve Rolig for those interested in learning finger style guitar. A community potluck social is at 5 p.m.

The evening concert, with headliner John Graves and other local musicians, begins 6 p.m. Along with Graves, local musicians including Steve Rolig, Alissa Snyder, Larry Elginer, Kimberly Judd, Dan Fitzpatrick, Jesse Morris, and Paul and Carla Roberts will be performing at the Roots fest.

Graves has been very active in the local show business scene, as writer, performer, producer, consultant and mentor.

Prior to retiring to Pagosa Springs ten years ago, Graves had successful careers as a professional musician, a television and film executive, and as an associate professor in the Communication Department at Central Missouri State University.

His performing career began when he became a regular performer at the Mickey Mouse Club in his hometown of Porterville, Calif. His early musical experiences included performing with former big band jazz players who taught him some of the three thousand songs he has in his request book.

Throughout this varied career, he has always played several nights a week as a single pianist, side man, or band leader at private parties, including affairs for Judy Garland, Groucho Marx, Danny Thomas, and John Wayne. He has been a staff pianist at KLAC-TV and on the first Betty White show, was musical director for the Gloria Hart Show on KLAC-TV, and has accompanied such artists as George Burns, June Christy, Rosemary Clooney, Rudy Vallee, Redd Foxx, Arthur Duncan and Jimmy Durante.

During his 35-year career as a TV and film executive and producer, Graves worked with outstanding composers, conductors and arrangers such as Henry Mancini, Jerry Goldsmith, Gil Melee, John Scott Trotter, Nelson Riddle and the Monkees. He also recorded for the Liberty and Windsor record label.

Graves had an exciting career in the broadcasting and film industry. He started at the very bottom, as a page at NBC. This eventually led to the position of Manager of Film Programs, where he supervised for NBC such shows as Bonanza, I Dream of Jeannie, Ironside, The Man from Uncle, and then came Bronson, The Debbie Reynolds Show, The Monkees, and a series shot in London with Lord Lew Grade called The Strange Report.

In 1970 the management changed at MGM-TV and Graves moved over to become director of current programming. He was the executive in charge of the award-winning Medical Center, The Courtship of Eddie's Father, GE Monogram Documentaries, and several syndicated talk shows. In 1974 Graves produced the critically acclaimed Picnic at Hanging Rock. He went on to produce many other movies and television programs.

Meanwhile, Graves was performing at private parties for Judy Garland, Groucho Marx, Danny Thomas, John Wayne, Jack La Lanne and others in the Hollywood scene.

Graves' particular musical specialties includes unique improvised interpretations of the great love songs and show tunes of the twenties, thirties, and forties; playful jazz, from Ellington to Dixieland, blues to boogie; Bossa novas, sambas and other Latin rhythms; ragtime, stride and barrelhouse.

Tickets are $8 for adults, $7 for seniors and $12 for families. Children are admitted free of charge.

Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse is located at 230 Port Ave. in the Vista subdivision of Pagosa Lakes. Take U.S.160 to Vista Boulevard, turn north on Vista and left on Port.

The festival is produced by Elation Center for the Arts.

For further information, call 731-3117.


Acoustic string bass takes listener back

By Paul Roberts

Special to The PREVIEW

The acoustic string bass plays an important role in blues and jazz ensembles, through its subtle contributions of feeling and rhythm that help determine the character of the music. It occupies a crucial portion of the sonic landscape at the lowest end of the musical spectrum.

Local bass player Dan Fitzpatrick's joyful, swinging bass style will be appreciated by listeners at the American Roots Music Festival 6 p.m. Sunday, at Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. Early jazz and blues is the theme.

"For me, the magic of music is to take a listener back in time, to bridge the past with the future," says Dan Fitzpatrick. Dan's earliest musical memories were listening to his grandfather playing stride and ragtime music on his baby grand piano, and singing old jazz standards and show tunes. "He taught me how to give a tune feeling."

Dan Fitzpatrick grew up in Detroit where the Motown sound was ubiquitous. At 13, he got his first guitar. A year later he picked up a friend's bass and started playing in high school garage bands. "We played classic rock. I liked tunes with funky bass lines, and I eventually got interested in jazz fusion."

Later Dan's interest shifted from electric bass to the acoustic string bass. At 21, he was accepted into the jazz program at Michigan State University, where he learned theory and technique and performed traditional jazz and blues standards with several small combos. His teacher, who was frustrated with trying to teach jazz to classically trained musicians, singled Dan out for his natural sense of rhythm and musical expressiveness.

"Being in that jazz program for a couple of years was the heart of my musical education," says Dan, "learning music theory, playing with horn players and learning how to perform."

With his shift to acoustic bass, Dan's musical interest gravitated toward acoustic music. "I kind of went backward," he says. "When I first got into jazz, it was more of a transition from rock, so I was naturally attracted to fusion. Then I began appreciating the small jazz combos of the 1950s. Now I'm interested in the music from the '20s and the '30s - Louis Armstrong, swing, ragtime as well as bluegrass and other forms of acoustic music. I feel like I'm coming back full circle to when I used to listen to my grandpa play ragtime."

Ten years ago, Dan came to Southwest Colorado to visit relative. He fell in love with the area and decided to move here. He says,

"I get a clear mind out in the woods, and I get a lot of good musical ideas out there."

Dan has lived in Pagosa for several years, making his living in construction. But he feels his true calling is music.

"I'd like to be able to devote most of my time to music, whether it be performing, teaching, writing or recording.

"Some people write, others do artwork," he said. "I play music. Music does for me what painting does for an artist or what writing does for a novelist. It's my form of expression and it provides me with a foundation for keeping my life in balance; it keeps me in tune."

Come to the Roots fest this Sunday and experience what Dan Fitzpatrick means when he says, "Music can be a pretty positive thing in the world. It seems to make people get along better." Other talented local musicians will also be performing.

The concert begins 6 p.m. preceded at 4 p.m. by a finger style blues and ragtime guitar workshop with Steve Rolig and a 5 p.m. community potluck social.

See other article on Roots Fest in this issue of The Preview for ticket prices and information on other artists. American Roots Music Festival is produced by Elation Center for the Arts. For further information and advanced tickets, call 731-3117.


2005 Archuleta County Fair schedule

Wednesday, Aug. 3

Exhibit Hall

- 10 a.m.-8 p.m., Open Class check-in. All exhibits (except baked goods) must check-in today.

Livestock Tent

- 5 p.m., Dog Rally obedience trials

Thursday, Aug. 4

Livestock Tent

- 8 a.m.- noon, 4-H animals arrive

Exhibit Hall

- 9-11 a.m.. 4-H projects judging & Open Class Baked Goods check-in) All others on display)


- 9 a.m., fair opens

- 10 a.m., vendors open

Education Tent

- noon today, 9 a.m. Friday-Sunday - four-day, full-time exhibits include San Juan National Forest, Chimney Rock Interpretive Association., Navajo State Park, Mesa Verde National Park Centennial, Colorado State Patrol, CSU Cooperative Extension, 4-H Information Display, Milk-A-Cow display, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Upper San Juan Health Service District, U.S. Marines, U.S. Army, Table Setting display, Ron-D-View's Miniature Donkeys, Archuleta County Sheriff's Division of Emergency Operations, and more.

Education Tent

- Afternoon Fiber Goats demonstration

Activity Tent

- noon, judges' lunch, Beer Garden opens

Livestock Tent

- 1-6 p.m., 4-H weigh-ins

- 1 p.m., Swine/steer/heifer/goat

- 2 p.m., Lamb

- 3 p.m., Rabbit Showmanship


- 3:30 p.m., 4-H Clubs Parade/Fair Royalty arrives by fancy carriage

- 4 p.m., dunking booth open

Activity Tent

- 4:30-6:30 p.m., Old West Fest. Preferred seating available. Valuable door prizes.

- 4:30 p.m., Wild West performance, scarecrow contest for kids

- 5 p.m., Pagosa Hot Strings play hometown newgrass

- 6 p.m., Shootout and cowboy poet

- 6:30 p.m., Pagosa Hot Strings

Education Tent

- 4-7 p.m., fly tying demo, GPS demo

Livestock Tent

- 6 p.m. Nonmarket Goats

Exhibit Hall

- 6 to 8 p.m., Open Class exhibits open

Rodeo Arena

- 7 p.m., Bucking H Rodeo

- 10 p.m., fair closes

Friday, Aug. 5

Livestock Tent

- 8 a.m., rabbit judging

- 8:30 a.m., 4-H Market Swine show


- 9 a.m., activities and vendors open

Exhibit Hall

- 9 a.m., Baked Goods check-in

- 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., Open Class exhibits

Rodeo Arena

- 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Four Corners Draft Horse and Mule Association performances and demonstrations

Education Tent

- 9 a.m., llamas demo all day

Activity Tent

- 9-10:30 a.m., cake decorating

Fairgrounds Patio

- 10 a.m., Fire and Ice Show

Education Tent

- 11 a.m.-1 p.m., Wacky Knitwits demo

Livestock Tent

- 11 a.m., Goat show

Activity Tent

- Wild West performers


10 a.m.-3:30 p.m., children's games. Scheduled between shows. May include hula hoop contest, apple bobbing contest, pie eating contest, 3-legged race, egg toss contest or other fun activities for youngsters. Check information booth for exact times.


- noon, trick roping show

Fairgrounds Patio

- Fire and Ice Show

Activity Tent

- Creative Cooks

Livestock Tent

- Poultry judging

Education Tent

- 1 p.m., Slick's Story Time

Fairgrounds Patio

- 1:30 p.m., Wild West stunts and trick roping show

Education Tent

- 2-4 p.m., felting demonstration

Fairgrounds Patio

- 3 p.m., Fire and Ice Show

Education Tent

- 4-7 p.m,. GPS demonstration

Livestock Tent

- 4 p.m., heifer judging

Education Tent

- 4-6 p.m., weaving demonstration

Rodeo Arena

- 4:30 p.m., Parelli Horse-Man-Ship demo

Fairgrounds Patio

- 5 p.m., trick roping show

Activity Tent

- Country Colgate Showdown

Livestock Tent

- Steer judging

Derby Arena

- Demolition Derby drivers and judges meeting

Rodeo Arena

- 6-8 p.m., hot air balloon rides

Derby Arena

- 7 p.m., demolition derby

- 11 p.m., fair closes

Saturday, Aug. 6


- 9 a.m., activities and vendors open

Exhibit Hall

- 9 a.m.-8 p.m., Open Class exhibits

Rodeo Arena

- 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Four Corners Draft Horse and Mule Association performances and demonstrations

Education Tent

- 9 a.m., Alpacas demo all day

Livestock Tent

- Market Lamb show

Fairgrounds Patio

- 10 a.m., Wild West performers

Education Tent

- 10-11:30 a.m., weaving demonstration

Fairgrounds Patio

- 11 a.m. Spin, Bob, Boom Show

Livestock Tent

- Round Robin


- 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m., children's games. Scheduled between shows. May include bubble gum contest, sand castle contest, needle-in-a-haystack contest, bat race, potato race, or other fun activities for youngsters. Check information booth for exact times.

Activity Tent

- noon-2 p.m., magic show

Education Tent

- noon-2 p.m. felting demonstration

Livestock Tent

- 2 p.m., rabbit catch-it

Fairgrounds Patio

- 2:15 p.m., Wild West performers

Livestock Tent

- 2:30 p.m., poultry catch-it

Fairgrounds Patio

- 3 p.m., Spin, Bop, Boom Show

Education Tent

- 3-5 p.m., Wacky Knitwits demonstration

Education Tent

- 4 p.m., Slick's Story Time

Activity Tent

- 4 p.m., 4-H Chuck Wagon Dinner

- 6 p.m., hypnosis show

Livestock Tent

- 6 p.m., livestock auction

Activity Tent

- 9 p.m.-midnight, fair dance featuring Tim Sullivan & Narrow Gauge

- midnight, fair closes

Sunday, Aug. 7

Activity Tent

- 8-10 a.m., pancake breakfast


- 9 a.m., activities and vendors open

Exhibit Hall

- 9 a.m.-8 p.m., Open Class exhibits

Rodeo Arena

- 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Four Corners Draft Horse and Mule Association performances, demonstrations and activities. Each child who participates gets a silver dollar.

Education Tent

- 9 a.m. Scottish Highland cattle and angora rabbits demonstrations all day

Livestock Tent

- 9 a.m.-1 p.m., Livestock record book interviews

Fairgrounds Patio

- 10 a.m., Wild West performers

Activity Tent

- 10-11 a.m., gospel songs and service

Activity Tent

- 11 a.m.-noon, magic show

- noon-2 p.m., chili cook-off

- 2-3:30 p.m., hypnosis show

Education Tent

- 1 p.m., spinning demonstration

Rodeo Arena

- 1-4 p.m., Kids' Rodeo with Wild West small acts between events.

Education Tent

- 2 p.m., Slick's Story Time

Livestock Tent

- 4 p.m., 4-H members pick up projects and/or animals

- 6 p.m., fair closes


Lee Sterling Chili Taste returns to fair

By Jim Super

Special to The PREVIEW

The annual Lee Sterling Chili Taste returns to the Archuleta County Fair Sunday Aug. 7 from noon to 2 p.m. in the Activity Tent.

We have changed this year's event somewhat. The date of the event is different from years past and Aug. 7 you can sample the chilis entered in the competition at no charge. Free is always a good thing!

If you are known for making the best red or green chili, prove it at the fair, and claim a trophy for your effort. The best chili can be mild as spring, or hotter than Phoenix in mid-August, as long as it is made with the main ingredient - chile peppers.

Making its return this year is the Most Unusual Category. This special category was added to accommodate varied versions of chili - from those made with wild game to vegetarian versions with no animal products in the recipe. There were several vegetarians who came to the taste last year and asked why there was not any vegetarian chili. The answer was simple: nobody entered any. Therefore vegetarian and game recipes are encouraged to enter for this prize, and are not limited to these two classes. The dish can have ingredients such as chicken, fish or Guinea hen; it just needs to fit under the category of most unusual and contain chili.

The entries must be in no later than 11 a.m. Sunday. Several tasters will be on hand to judge. Trophies will be awarded for the following categories:

- Best Hot Green Chili

- Best Hot Red Chili

- Best Mild Green Chili

- Best Mild Red Chili

- Most Unusual Chili

- The Peoples Choice

Please have all entries with a generous serving precooked and in crock pots with a serving utensil. In addition, if you are an entrant in the Chili Taste, you do not pay the entry fee to the fair.

Bring your best recipe or your appetite for chili at this year's fair. We are looking forward to seeing all cooks and tasters at this event.

If you have any questions involving the fair, visit www.archuleta countyfair.com .


KWUF Colgate Country Showdown seeks local talent

Anticipation and excitement are running high as aspiring country music artists prepare for the Colgate Country Showdown set for Aug. 5 at the Archuleta County Fair.

America's largest country music talent search and radio promotion, the country showdown is presented locally by KWUF 1400 AM and is sponsored by Jackisch Pharmacy.

The Archuleta County Fair, located at the fairgrounds just south of Pagosa Springs on U.S. 84, will provide the exciting setting for the competition, which will spotlight the best and brightest talent this area has to offer.

Acts will compete for the opportunity to perform in the State Country Showdown to be held later in August at the State Fair in Pueblo. State winners, each of whom earns a $1,000 cash prize, will advance to a regional competition in the fall.

The Colgate Country Showdown is designed to find the most promising country music talent in America, giving these performers a chance to launch their professional careers. Country Showdown audiences may be seeing, hearing and applauding the next superstar.

The Colgate Country Showdown is open to vocal and/or instrumental performers, individuals or groups of up to seven members, who have not performed on a record listed in the national record charts of Billboard, Radio and Records or the Gavin Report within 18 months preceding the local competition.

There is a $10 entry fee and all contestants must begin their competition by performing at Colgate Country Showdown contests produced by participating country music radio stations. A uniform judging system on all levels of the competition ensures fairness.

Entry forms are available at KWUF 1400 AM, 702 South 10th St. in Pagosa Springs. Entries must be received no later than June 29.


County fair Western Heritage: Isaac E. Oldham

By Lisa Scott

Special to the PREVIEW

The Archuleta County Fair Board would like to recognize Isaac E. Oldham, who has a long history in Pagosa Springs and exemplifies the western tradition from which this county was founded and grew.

Ike was born and raised in Colorado before settling in Pagosa Springs 29 years ago with his wife Sharron.

Their youngest child, Eddie, became involved in 4-H as a youngster and the family became immersed too. Ike reflects fondly about their involvement in the livestock project. Eddie's steer got last place some time in the early 1980s, and then Eddie and his steer received the Reserve Champion ribbon and won the carcass contest in 1989. During those years, Ike remembers hauling livestock from Ignacio and helping trailer livestock for other kids who did not have the appropriate transportation for their animals.

Eddie was tragically killed in an accident in 1989. The clock on the exterior of the county courthouse was dedicated to his memory in 1990 and the Eddie Oldham Memorial Scholarship was established in 1991, a program Ike oversees. At least one scholarship is awarded annually and the winners can reapply every year to receive funding for multiple years. Donations can still be made to this scholarship fund through the Bank of the San Juans.

Ike was on the fair board in 1990, has served as vice president of the Farm Bureau and is currently enjoying his involvement on the Victim's Assistance Panel.

Now semiretired, Ike was a general contractor until 1984, then became manager of the Rio Blanco Ranch. Ike and Sharron have three grown children, 11 grandchildren (triplets included) and three great-grandchildren.

Ike has been a tremendous supporter of the Archuleta County Fair and 4-H and has demonstrated his love for the people and activities of this county.


Free Family Festivo concert in Town Park: "Peter and the Wolf," food and games

By Carole Howard

Special to The PREVIEW

A performance of "Peter and the Wolf," starring local children in all roles, will highlight Pagosa's Music in the Mountains free outdoor community concert called "Family Festivo" for families and kids of all ages in Town Park Thursday, July 28, at 11 a.m.

After the concert, hot dogs, chips, ice cream, lemonade and water will be served free, thanks to the generosity of the Bank of the San Juans, the Town of Pagosa Springs, The Source for Pagosa Real Estate and the LPEA Roundup Foundation. Free games also will be available for the kids.

Children attending this event must be accompanied by an adult. Also, for safety's sake, please leave your animals at home.

"Many adults who now love classical music were first introduced to symphonies in their childhood when they attended a performance of 'Peter and the Wolf,'" said Lisa Scott, co-chair with Claudia Rosenbaum of Family Festivo. "We know everyone who comes will enjoy this concert and the characters in the story. We also hope they will be encouraged to learn more about great music and the many instruments that bring it to life."

Felicia Meyer and Melinda Baum are the program coordinators and directors of the children playing the parts in "Peter," a musical work created by Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev to teach his children about the symphony. Costumes are by Michael DeWinter and narration by Larry Elginer.

Music for the event will be performed by the Music in the Mountains festival orchestra conducted by Mischa Semanitzky. Each character in "Peter and the Wolf" is represented by an instrument or instrumental family: Peter by the string instruments of the orchestra, the grandfather by bassoons, the bird by flutes, the duck by oboes, the cat by clarinets, the wolf by French horns, and the hunters by percussion instruments.

The story of "Peter and the Wolf"

Peter, (played by D.J. Brown), is a little boy who lives in Russia on the edges of a meadow with his grandfather, (Billy Baughman). Beyond the meadow is a deep, dark forest. Peter's grandfather has warned him not to go into the meadow alone because it is dangerous. But Peter's curiosity gets the better of him and he ventures out into the meadow.

In the meadow, Peter meets the bird (Leslie Baughman) and the duck (Emma Donharl). The bird flies around the pond where the duck swims, and they argue who is better - the one who can fly or the one who can swim. Then a cat, (Dylan Read-Lindberg), slinks into the meadow, preying upon the bird. Peter calls out to the bird, warning it, and it flies into a tall tree for safety.

Grandfather comes out of the house and is very angry when he sees Peter in the meadow. He warns Peter about the wolf, (Sierra Hewitt). Peter tells his grandfather that he is not afraid of wolves! Grandfather takes Peter home and a big gray wolf comes out of the forest. The cat springs up into the tree! The duck jumps out of the pond and the wolf chases the duck! The wolf catches the duck and swallows it in a single gulp!

The wolf begins to circle the tree where the cat and bird sit. Peter arrives and he has an idea: He brings a rope and climbs along a branch into the tree. He tells the bird to distract the wolf. The bird cleverly taunts the wolf, who snaps furiously at the bird. Peter makes a lasso out of the rope and lets it down very carefully, catching the wolf by the tail. Then he pulls up the rope with all his might. The wolf jumps wildly to try to get loose. Meanwhile, hunters (William Meyer, Ian Roth and Maia Pitcher) come out of the woods, shooting their guns as they approach.

What happens next? Well, we don't want to ruin the suspense, so we will keep the end of the story a secret until the performance July 28.


Robin Ball: Super Superintendent

By Lisa Scott

Special to The PREVIEW

The Archuleta County Fair Super Superintendent for 2005 is Robin Case Ball.

Robin is being recognized for her tireless and committed work for the benefit of exhibitors in the open class events and for 4-H youth at the County Fair.

The 4-H program has been a part of Robin's life ever since she can remember. Her parents, Robert and Peggy Case, raised her in 4-H and she has participated in many county and state fairs.

She was born in Kremmling, Colo., and lived in various places throughout Colorado and neighboring states. No matter where her family lived, Robin was a member of 4-H and was awarded for belonging the maximum 10 years as a 4-H member.

A graduate of Colorado State University, she met her husband, Ray, while both were serving as leaders in the 4-H program in Delta County. Today, Robin can boast being a 4-H leader for 25 years in a variety of subject areas including clothing, food preservation, home environment and consumer choices, to name a few.

She and Ray moved to Pagosa Springs in 1994 to help with the family ranch. They currently own Abracadabra, a home maintenance company. She is the proud parent of six children, all of whom were 4-H members. Her youngest daughter, Anna, a teenager, is still involved today.

Since Robin moved to Pagosa Springs, she has been a great advisor to the fair for the open class area and has served as a superintendent in several departments. Her breadth of experience in 4-H and with various fairs is a wealth of knowledge for our own fair, especially regarding layout and procedures.

Robin also volunteers in the community. She is fond of the United Methodist Women's Group and the Food Bank at the United Methodist Church.

We wish to recognize Robin's efforts and dedication to the 4-H program and to the fair and salute her as this year's Super Superintendent.


Hot Strings, Darrell Scott on Four Corners folk fest anniversary bill

By Crista Munro

Special to The PREVIEW

It's no coincidence that Pagosa Springs' own hometown band, the Hot Strings, has been playing together for just over 10 years, and the Four Corners Folk Festival will be celebrating its tenth year this Labor Day weekend. In fact, the Hot Strings are the only band that's been on the festival's bill all 10 years, making their appearance on Friday, Sept. 2 a truly historic one.

Playing for 10 years together seems like a stretch for a band this young - but it's true. Their first "paying gig" was playing for tips, at the bus stop, at the Telluride Bluegrass Festival in 1996. Four years later they opened that festival after winning the highly competitive Best Band competition.

The band - made up of brothers Josiah and Jared Payne, cousin Carson Park and newest addition Lech Usinowicz - has played other prestigious festivals like the Rockygrass Bluegrass Festival and the Walnut Valley Festival in Winfield, Kansas. Josiah was the 1998 Colorado State mandolin champion at age 14, and went on to win the National Mandolin championship in 2000 at age 16. Carson was crowned Colorado state fiddle champion in 1998 at age 12.

Though cousins, the three boys were raised under the same roof. Their father Dan Park played bass with them for many years, eventually passing the torch to Lech in the summer of 2004. Today the Hot Strings wow their audiences with a high energy, eclectic approach. Elements of jazz, bluegrass, Irish, reggae, and newgrass shine through, but they have created their own unique sound.

The Hot Strings third CD, "Uncharted," was released in April 2005. This project was produced by Pat Flynn, former member of Newgrass Revival and recorded in Nashville at Monkey Finger Studio.

Fans will have several opportunities to catch the Hot Strings at this year's festival: Friday, Sept. 2, at 3:15 on the main stage and 10:30 p.m. on the late night stage, plus Saturday, Sept. 3 at 1 p.m. in the kids' performance tent. Additionally, each member of the Hot Strings will be leading a workshop during the weekend.

Nashville singer/songwriter Darrell Scott is not without his own fanbase in the region, having performed at several area festivals with Tim O'Brien and, more recently, heading up his own ensemble, as will be the case at this year's Four Corners Folk Festival.

In an age of conformity, Darrell Scott proves that a talented nonconformist can still succeed. A soulful iconoclast, Scott is a hit songwriter, an in-demand instrumentalist and an acclaimed performer and recording artist - all achievements earned while burning his own path instead of playing by the accepted rules of the music industry.

Scott recently went his own way again with the launch of Full Light Records for one reason: So he could fully own and control his recordings without anyone telling him how he should sound or what he should do. In starting his own label, he seized the opportunity to give his old songs new life. Working with a core group that featured drummer Kenny Malone, bassist Danny Thompson and steel guitarist Dan Dugmore, Scott re-made some of his older songs, filling them with the maturity and confidence he's gained since initially recording them in 1991.

"I know it's an odd thing to do," he says with a laugh. "It's not that I'm trying to right a wrong from 12 years ago. It's just that I like these songs and want them to be a part of what I do. When I hear these songs, I think, 'This is me.'"

Scott's long since proven that his songs deserve recognition. As a songwriter, he's contributed a string of hits that reads like a list of the best modern country music has to offer. There's "Long Time Gone" and "Heartbreak Town," both top hits for the Dixie Chicks. "Great Day to be Alive" helped Travis Tritt complete his comeback; "Born to Fly" was a No. 1 hit for Sara Evans, while "Family Tree" was successful for Darryl Worley and "When No One's Around" extended Garth Brooks' run. "You'll Never Leave Harlan Alive" was cut in the same year by both Patty Loveless and Brad Paisley. In all, Scott has had more than 40 cuts by other artists. His writing success led to ASCAP naming him Songwriter of the Year in 2002. The National Songwriters Association International awarded him its Songwriter of the Year honor the previous year.

Scott also plays a plethora of instruments - "most anything that can be plucked, beat or blown," as the Musichound Folk Essential Album Guide put it. But he's perhaps best known for his distinctive ability on guitar, dobro and mandolin, which put him in great demand among discerning fellow artists. In recent years, he's toured extensively with Guy Clark, Sam Bush and Tim O'Brien and recorded with Patty Loveless, Randy Travis, Steve Earle, Jimmie Dale Gilmore, Trisha Yearwood and Kate Rusby, among scores of others.

He's recorded two previous solo albums, 1997's "Aloha from Nashville" and 1999's "Family Tree," as well as a duo album, 2000's "Real Time," with acoustic music stalwart Tim O'Brien. All met with great critical acclaim and started building Scott a fervent following, including many fellow musicians.

"He's got one of the most soulful voices in Nashville (think Little Feat's Lowell George meets James Taylor)," wrote Craig Havighurst of The Tennessean. "And he attracts the finest sidemen." Stars like Garth Brooks and the Dixie Chicks describe him as "one of the great writers of our time."

"The songs that have been successful for others were the last ones I thought other artists would record," Scott says. "They were such inside songs for me. They're songs I like a lot. I put them on my records - that's how other artists knew about them."

Darrell's success, to him, means he's right to follow his own artistic instincts. "It has given me more confidence to do what's in my heart," Scott explains. "I know the source of the songs that have been successful. That tells me that this is what I'm supposed to be doing. I'm still making music for musical reasons, not for business reasons. I think I'm in the right place. When push comes to shove, I'd rather be known as a wildly creative guy than a wildly successful businessman or a songwriter who knew how to write a good hook. It would worry me if I was like that. What am I going to do with my success? My answer is to come out with the freakiest album I've made so far."

Born on a tobacco farm in the coal-mining center of London, Ky., Scott moved as a young child to East Gary, Ind., a steel-mill town on Lake Michigan near Chicago. His father is a musician, and he grew up around music and creativity. He played his first professional gig at age 15 in his father's band at a show in Alaska for pipeline workers. By 16, he was playing roadhouses in Southern California. Then he wound up in Canada, where he backed the Juno Award-winning Mercy Brothers.

Eventually, he attended Tufts University in Boston, studying poetry and literature. He signed to SBK Records and recorded his first album with famed producer Norbert Putnam in Memphis in 1991, but SBK never released the collection, believing it lacked a hit single and commercial focus. Encouraged by a friend, Scott relocated to Nashville in 1992, where he found himself embraced by the city's eclectic music community. Until now, his success has been across the board, but at this point Scott feels ready to focus on recording and performing.

"I believe I'm entering the most prolific period of my life," he says. "I've got an abundant amount of energy when it comes to making music and writing songs. I want to take advantage of it while the energy is there. I'm not in a quandary about what I should do with my life. I know exactly what I should do."

Folks can check out the Darrell Scott Band Saturday, Sept. 3, as the band closes out the day's main stage performances.

Tickets to the Four Corners Folk Festival are available downtown at Moonlight Books, or at WolfTracks Coffee & Books in the Pagosa Country Center. Additional information is available by calling (877) 472-4672, or online at www.folkwest.com.


Local Chatter

Innovation by design: Michael DeWinter

By Kate Terry

PREVIEW Columnist

When you see the Music in the Mountains production "Peter and the Wolf" in Town Park Thursday (it's free, you know) you'll marvel at the costumes. Michael DeWinter designed and made most of them and they are examples of his costume artistry.

Michael's ability to design is in many areas. He is an innovated scenic and set decorator, and a prop and costume artist. He can design it all.

Michael and his wife Gena moved from Dallas to Pagosa Springs about eight years ago. He opened his shop, The Plaid Pony, a gift and flower source now next to Citizen's Bank in Pagosa Lakes.

The DeWinters have two children, Julian, 21, and Matthew, 17, who will be a senior in Pagosa Springs High School this fall.

Michael started designing sets when he was in high school and when he went off to college he had three more years of costume design and history. With such a background it is easy to see how he would fit into Pagosa's artist community, the Music Boosters in particular.

He started working with the Music Boosters when they produced "Fiddler on the Roof," in September 2001. He became a member of the Boosters' board of directors and served two years as president.

He talks about innovations Music Boosters have made.

Costumes used to be ordered, but that's expensive, so now costumes are designed and made so - with alterations - they can be used for future shows.

And the boosters have set a schedule for shows - three a year, two of them musicals. Their year is June to June.

They set the schedule in January: a non-musical in the spring, a musical in the summer and a Christmas musical. Last year they did "A Christmas Carol." The Christmas musical for this year has not yet been set, but the non-musical for next spring is an old-fashioned drama "The Schemes of the Driftless Shifter."

Michael talks about the amazing talent in Pagosa Springs - the professionalism and drama at the best. The locals are wonderful and they are always looking for new blood.

Those who work with Michael say he knows what he wants. He notices every little detail and adjusts it. And he is very gentle to work with.

It's these little things and his artistic ability that make Michael DeWinter projects stand out.


Community Center News

Center site for Home Rule information meeting

By Mercy Korsgren

PREVIEW Columnist

Calling all county residents. Tonight, 6-9 p.m., the South Conference room will be the site for a Home Rule government information meeting.

Do Citizens of Archuleta County want to form a Home Rule Committee at the next election? All citizens interested in getting this question answered should attend this informal, open meeting.

For a few months now, a small nonpartisan group has been meeting to discuss if there is an interest in forming a Home Rule Committee to explore that form of government for Archuleta County. This meeting is a natural step forward in this process. If there is no interest, then at least there was an effort to find out, rather than assume. For more information, call George Schnarre at 731-0953.

Computer news

Last week we were happy to have news that four new participants will be attending the seniors' class. All of them indicated they need a class which will start with some very basic kinds of information - the sort of information we learned several months ago when the seniors' beginning computing class began. During last week's class, we discussed the possibility of splitting up into two groups, one basic and one more advanced. However, those who have been attending longer all wished to remain in a single group and therefore to have the opportunity to review topics discussed previously.

And so we are revising the schedule a bit. For the next four to five weeks (through Tuesday, Aug. 16), we will review subjects from the first two to three months of classes. These topics include using Windows, basic computing terms, file types and organization, Internet searching, how to deal with spyware and viruses, and guidelines for regular computer maintenance.

There are several regular users of the computer lab who have vision problems. With these users in mind, Becky went looking on the Internet for some helpful software. She found several programs to try. One of them called iZoom was particularly useful. This program can be downloaded by anyone, and it's free. And installation is a snap. The software magnifies your computer screen anywhere from 1.5 to 16 times its normal size. And that's just the beginning. It also will read the screen to you. Of course, this feature can be turned on and off. If you are interested in software to magnify your computer screen, stop off at the Community Center for our newest handout, Tips for Computer Users with Limited Vision.

Upcoming events

The community center third anniversary and volunteer recognition will be Friday, Aug. 12. This is another free program for the community. The highlight of the event will be the recognition of the center's volunteer of the year. Mark your calendar for another evening of fun, camaraderie and food. I will be meeting with the advisory board and I'll give you more information next week.

A cooking class will start soon. We now have a volunteer who loves to cook and wishes to share her talent and joy in cooking. Edith Blake will teach Italian cooking in September and here's what she has to say about herself and her family.

"My husband and I bought land in Chromo 13 years ago, planning to retire to this area from New York when the time came. We started building in the fall of 2003 and moved into our new home the following April.

"We have one son, who works in Manhattan for an advertising company, and a married daughter, who lives in Florida. We also have a 2-year-old grandson.

"Having worked full-time in Manhattan for an investment banking firm during most of my working career, I never really had time to pursue my favorite pastime, cooking. I am not a professional, but love to cook, especially Italian food. Having grown up in a very close Sicilian family, where the dinner table was a special and fun gathering place, I've always found mealtimes to be an important part of family living. In the fall of 2006 I'll be traveling to Italy to take some cooking lessons in Tuscany, something I've always wanted to do.

"Adjusting recipes to our high altitude has taken some experimentation, and there have been successes and disasters along the way, but it's always been fun and relaxing for me.

"I look forward to sharing some of my favorite dishes with those who enjoy cooking as well."

Thanks Edith for your willingness and enthusiasm to be part of the community center's activities.

Programs needed

Do you have a special talent or hobby that you would like to share - singing, dancing, arts and crafts, cooking, foreign language conversation group, coffee mornings, sports, etc.? We're looking for volunteers interested in forming any of these groups. Someone even asked me about the possibility of starting an Irish/Scottish dancing group. Call me if you are interested, 264-4152.

This week

Today - 10 a.m.- 4 p.m., oil painting workshop; 6-9 p.m., Home Rule Committee meeting.

Friday, July 22 -10 a.m.-4 p.m., oil painting workshop; 11:15-11:35 a.m., senior walking program; 6-10 p.m., family reunion.

Saturday, July 23 - 10 a.m.-noon, Waldorf Parenting Study Group.

Sunday, July 24 - 9 a.m.-noon, Church of Christ Sunday Service; 9 a.m.-noon, Grace Evangelical Free Church Service; 2-4 p.m., United Pentecostal Church Service.

Monday, July 25 - 11:15-11:35 a.m., senior walking program; 12:30-4 p.m., senior bridge club; 4:30-5:30 p.m., Building Blocks 4 Health.

Tuesday, July 26 - 9:30-11:30 a.m., San Juan Kids Early Childhood Connection; 10:30 a.m.-noon, senior computer class; 11:15-11:35 a.m., senior walking program; 1-4 p.m., computer Q&A w/Becky; 5-7 p.m., PSAC board meeting.

The gym is open every day, Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. -noon for walking and open basketball except when reserved for special events. Call 264-4152 for information and to reserve a room. The center needs your input on other programs and activities you would like to see happening here. If you have ideas, tell us about them.

The center is a non-profit organization under the umbrella of the Pagosa Springs Public Facilities Coalition (PSPFC) and managed by the Town of Pagosa Springs. It provides spaces for the Archuleta County Seniors Program, Pagosa Springs Arts Council, Teen Center and other groups and organizations in the community. Rooms are available for rent to anyone or any group on first-come, first-served basis. There is a nominal charge to rent a room and monies collected pay for the utility bills and other operating costs.

Have your party or meeting here. We have very affordable rooms for small, midsize and large groups. We have a catering kitchen. Tables, chairs, a portable stage, a dance floor and audio visual equipment are available too. The center is located at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. Call 264-4152.

Lost and Found. Please check at the front desk if you're missing something that might have been left at the center. We'll hold lost and found items for a month, and then all unclaimed items will be donated to the local thrift stores. Call 264-4152.


Senior News

'Miracle' health solutions:

How to spot false claims

By Musetta Wollenweber

SUN Columnist

When evaluating health-related products, be skeptical. If something sounds too good to be true, it usually is. According to the FTC, here are some signs of a fraudulent claim:

- Statements that suggest the product can treat or cure diseases. For example: "shrinks tumors" or "cures impotency."

- Promotions that use words like "scientific breakthrough," "miraculous cure," "secret ingredient" or "ancient remedy."

- Undocumented case histories or personal testimonials by consumers or doctors claiming amazing results.

- Limited availability and advance payment requirements. For example: "Hurry. This offer will not last. Send us a check now to reserve your supply."

- Promises of no-risk "money-back guarantees."

From Elder Watch - A program with the Colorado Attorney General and the AARP Foundation

Park picnic

It was another fabulous time. As the squirt guns made their way around I seemed to be the prime target for many whose tables were called toward the end of the lunch line. Can't say we don't have fun! Croquet was competitive and yours truly won the first round since two of the ladies I played with were too busy battling it out with each other.

The bubble blowing contest was fun, but I lost track of who won.

We had 97 in attendance with about 20 who came up from Arboles. We didn't quite hit the goal of 100; we'll try again next month.

And next month is sure to be a fun time. You can look forward to a pie eating contest with individual pies and a toga party. Dig out your old sheets and wrap yourself up creatively. What a fun way to celebrate the end of our picnic in the park for the year.

Mystery trip

For those of you adventurous ones who are signed up to join us on the mystery trip, remember to be at the Den by 2:45 p.m. today.

Be sure to wear comfortable shoes, bring along a light jacket and insect repellant too. If you didn't sign up in time for this month's trip, get ready for the mystery in August. Pick up a copy of the July newsletter for hints on the August trip or visit us online at www.archuletacounty.org/Seniors/senior_center.htm

Free movie, popcorn

Our free movie at The Den this month is Robert Redford's beautifully filmed fantasy titled "The Legend of Bagger Vance" rated PG-13. The film is about a World War I shell-shocked golfer who's lost his edge; and the mysterious caddy who can help him regain his perfect swing. Included is Jack Lemmon's unbilled final performance. Join us 1 p.m. Friday for free popcorn and good company for a great show.

Wildflower walk

The flora of Colorado is unique and diverse and wildflowers can be found from the plains to the alpine tundra. Those flowers are what we are going to explore with a wildflower hike near Wolf Creek Pass with Dick Mosley Tuesday.

We will meet at 8 a.m. at The Den, jump on the bus and off we go, returning in time for a great lunch. If you are interested in the beauty and the diversity of the colorful flowers that surround you, then take a hike with us in the picturesque San Juan mountains to learn more about our region.

Computer lab news

Seniors' beginning computer class had four new participants attending last week. All of them indicated they need a class which will start with some very basic kinds of information - the sort of information we learned several months ago when the Seniors' Beginning Computing Class began. During last week's class, we discussed the possibility of splitting up into two groups - one basic and one more advanced. However, those who have been attending longer all wished to remain in a single group and therefore to have the opportunity to review topics discussed previously.

As a result we are revising the schedule a bit. For the next four to five weeks (from Tuesday, July 19, through Tuesday, Aug. 16 ) we will review subjects from the first two to three months of classes. These topics include using Windows, basic computing terms, file types and organization, Internet searching, how to deal with spyware and viruses, and guidelines for regular computer maintenance.

Q and A session

There are several regular users of the computer lab who have vision problems. With these users in mind I went looking on the Internet for some helpful software. I found several programs to try. One of them called iZoom was particularly useful. This program can be downloaded by anyone and it's free. And installation is a snap. The software magnifies your computer screen anywhere from 1.5 to 16 times its normal size. And that's just the beginning, it also will read the screen to you. Of course, this feature can be turned on and off. If you are interested in software to magnify your computer screen, stop off at the community center for our newest handout - tips for computer users with limited vision.

Museum and a shake

How about a little Pagosa culture and some ice cream to make it more fun? How much do you really know about the wonderful town you live in?

Let's go for a tour at the San Juan Historical Society Museum at 1 p.m. Wednesday, July 27. Cost is for $3 to become knowledgeable about the place we call home. And then, we will take a trip to a local restaurant for an afternoon treat to beat the heat.

Birthday celebration

If you are age 60 or over and your birthday is in July, come on down to The Den for lunch July 29 to celebrate your birthday. We will sing to you and Seniors, Inc. has graciously agreed to pay for a portion of your birthday meal, so it will only cost $1 for a great lunch during your special month.

Home Rule

Friday, July 29, at 1 p.m. The Den will host a presentation on Home Rule 1 p.m. Friday, July 29. Come learn about Home Rule and the impact it would have on Archuleta County. Stay informed.

Volunteers needed

Are you looking for a way to volunteer some time to your community and make an immediate impact on someone's life?

The Archuleta County Silver Foxes Den Senior Center has an opportunity for you to make new friends while you donate one lunch hour per week to the home delivered meal program for our senior citizens.

Applications are currently being accepted from individuals as well as businesses, churches and other organizations that would like to make a difference. All applicants must provide their own vehicle and be available in one hour increments once a week. We are also accepting applications for substitute drivers. A background check will be completed on all applicants.

Adopt a home delivered route today and brighten the lives of a few senior citizens. For more information please contact Musetta at 264-2167.

Den shirts

We have a variety of shirts for you to choose from and wear proudly. All of these handsome shirts are embroidered with our logo and may be ordered through The Den. The white polo with pocket is $19; indigo blue polo no pocket, $17; indigo blue t-shirt, $15; last year's screened t-shirt is reduced to just $8, limited sizes available. All proceeds benefit the Archuleta Seniors Inc.

Activities at a Glance

Today - Mystery trip, 3-9 p.m. advanced registration required.

Friday - Qi Gong 10 a.m; gym walk 11:15; free movie and popcorn day, "The Legend of Bagger Vance," 1 p.m.

Monday, July 25 - Medicare Counseling 11 a.m- 1 p.m.; gym walk 11:15; Bridge 4 Fun, 1 p.m., all levels welcome.

Tuesday, July 26 - Wildflower hike with Dick Mosley 8 a.m.; basic computer instruction 10:30 a.m.; gym walk 11:15 a.m.; canasta 1 p.m., all levels welcome; Wednesday, July 27 -Yoga in Motion 10 a.m.; pinochle, 1 p.m., all levels welcome; Museum and Milkshake, 1 p.m.; self-help arthritis class, 6-8 p.m., second in six-week series, advanced registration required.

Friday, July 29 - Qi Gong 10 a.m; gym walk 11:15; celebrate July birthdays noon. Home Rule information, 1 p.m.


(subject to change)

Suggested donation $2.50 for ages 60-plus, all others $4.50.

Salad bar every day-11:30 a.m.

Friday, July 22 - Roast beef and gravy, mashed potatoes, citrus cup and wheat roll.

Monday, July 25 - Ham and beans, spinach, corn bread, fruit cup and banana.

Tuesday, July 26 - Beef burrito, zucchini ole and tropical fruit.

Wednesday, July 27- Pasta Primavera with veggies, garlic roll and pineapple

Friday, July 29 - Salisbury steak, mashed potatoes and gravy, brussels sprouts, roll and orange wedges.


Veteran's Corner

A new look at rural veterans' health care concerns

By Andy Fautheree

PREVIEW Columnist

Colorado U.S. Senator Ken Salazar is planning a forum in Grand Junction in August to discuss rural veteran VA health care concerns. I have been invited to speak by Sen. Salazar's Durango office, but unfortunately I won't be able to attend due to a prior commitment.

However, I asked his office if I could submit a letter to address these issues to the forum from the viewpoint of a veterans service officer from our very rural Archuleta County. I have drafted my letter and present it here.

"Honorable Senator Ken Salazar, distinguished guests and fellow veterans:

"Currently VA health care and Medicare do not work together. They do not share information and do not bill each other for services provided to the same beneficiary. I estimate that seven out of 10 qualified veterans living in my rural area are over 65 and on Medicare, and are enrolled in VA health care only for the prescription drug program. I know, because I am guilty of enrolling hundreds of our local veterans in VA health care just for this purpose.

"I believe most of these veterans would no longer use VA primary health care if the VA would allow Medicare eligible veterans to obtain drug prescriptions through the VA mail-order pharmacy program. Given the choice, these elderly veterans would rather see their local providers then travel great distances for VA health care services just for their prescription drugs.

"Generally, veterans with no VA rated service-connected disabilities and a combined family adjusted gross income over approximately $32,500 are not currently eligible to enroll in VA health care. Prior to September 17, 2003 all honorably discharged veterans were eligible to enroll in VA health care regardless of income.

"If Medicare eligible veterans left the VA health care primary patient care system, this in turn could open VA health care once again to all qualified veterans, regardless of their disabilities or income, as it should be. Moreover, this could significantly reduce the VA budget.

"There is precedent for this idea. In June 2003, Anthony Principi, then Secretary of Veterans Affairs, issued a directive that for a period of 90 days veterans on waiting lists for their first VA primary health care appointment could see their local health care provider and send their drug prescriptions to the VA Pharmacy until they could be seen by the VA health care system.

"Finally, the VA's decision to require all Priority 2-8 veterans to file an annual 'means test' to continue to qualify for VA health care is an excessive and unnecessary intrusion on 65-plus-year-old veterans. Elderly people are very intimidated filling out pages of information, especially when that information is already in the VA computer systems. Yet the VA sends out the blank forms requiring these elderly veterans to fill in all of the same information every year. These forms could be pre-filled out from the VAHC computer data base information with a request to update anything no longer applicable, or better yet, done away with entirely as unnecessary!

"VAHC enrolled veterans who do not file a means test can be denied VA health care services. However, currently VAHC does not discontinue services because of any of the information provided in the Means Test for those veterans already enrolled. This is a senseless contradiction.

"Thank you Senator Salazar and guests for the opportunity to present this information. I apologize I could not be here in person to present and discuss this information."


Don't forget to call or stop by my office with your VA health care appointments for the "Share-A-Ride program. Help a fellow veteran who may be going in the same direction to the same VA facility. Give me a call if you can provide transportation or need transportation. I will keep a calendar of who is going where to coordinate this important program.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is located at 400 South Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, Colo. 81301 (next to Big 5 Sports). Phone number is 247-2214. Albuquerque VAMC phone number is (800) 465-8262.

Further information

For information on these and other veterans benefits, call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, the fax number is 264-8376, and e-mail is afautheree@archuletacounty.org. The office is open 8 a.m.-4 p.m., Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for registration with the County, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Library News

Plethora of new titles on library shelves

By Barb Draper

PREVIEW Columnist

Those long awaited new books for 2005 are beginning to arrive and are either being placed on the "New Books" shelf or checked out to individuals who are already on the request lists.

We do not have all our new titles, by any means, but here is a glimpse of a few that are now available. Come in and check them out, or call and have your name placed on the request list.

"Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince," by J.K. Rowling, the sixth installment in her seven-part series about Harry and his classmates at Hogwarts Academy, was released Saturday. This book portrays Harry as a sixth-year student who is learning more advanced lessons and facing even more complex challenges. There are some very unforeseen events in this book and a box of tissues might be in order when readers get to the end of the story. There is a wait list already for this book, so call now and add your name to the list before it gets too long.

Dean Koontz checks in with "Velocity," a psychological suspense thriller. Bill Wile is an easygoing, hardworking guy who leads a quiet, ordinary life. That changes when an anonymous message tells him to choose whether a schoolteacher or an elderly woman is to be murdered. The police agree this seems like a sick joke, but in less than 24 hours the first murder is discovered.

"Miracle" is the newest book by Danielle Steel. Readers are transported to San Francisco on a New Years Eve where "the storm of the century" strikes a quiet neighborhood. Amid the chaos of fallen trees and damaged houses, the lives of three strangers are about to collide. Steel weaves her magical complexities through this strong story of friendship.

Recently topping the best seller list for non-fiction materials is "1776," by David McCullough. McCullough is a two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize for "Truman" and "John Adams." This book, as the title suggests, takes a look at the Revolutionary War, and critical reviews have stated that this may well be another landmark title in the literature of American History.

For mystery lovers who enjoy a light entertaining read, two new titles have arrived. The first, "Eleven on Top," by Janet Evanovich, offers more adventures of bounty hunter Stephanie Plum. In this episode, Stephanie has decided to quit her job. She wants something safe. She wants something normal. She is tired of creeps, weirdoes and stalkers. Then when she thinks she's out, they pull her back in. You say you haven't met Stephanie Plum? I recommend you start with One for the Money, then read the next 10 titles in any order. She'll entertain you, make you laugh, and make your eyes roll at the unbelievable situations she manages to get herself into.

Next is "Double Shot." Colorado author Diane Mott Davidson is back with another Goldy Bear Culinary Mystery. Goldy Schultz is married to a law enforcement officer and operates her catering business in Aspen Park, Colo. Those who know Colorado towns will recognize Aspen Park as an fictional community quite close to Evergreen. (Sorry, folks, this community is not to be confused with our own Aspen Springs.) This time Goldy gets caught up in a web of secrets and lies that could tear her family apart. Included in an appendix to the book are 13 recipes for concoctions mentioned in the book. These include Double Shot Chocolate Cake, In-Your-Face Strawberry Pie, The Whole Enchilada Pie and Handcuff Croissants.

Reading program concludes

Last Tuesday, July 12, Town Park was temporarily transformed into what appeared to be the grounds surrounding a medieval castle. Children came from all parts of Pagosa Country dressed as a wide assortment of medieval/renaissance characters.

The cause for this celebration was the successful completion of reading contracts over a five week period. Eighty-two children completed the program, and this group reported reading a total of 1,189 books. Many more books were read by other program participants who had registered for the program but did not turn in their reading logs. Participants ranged in age from one to 13. They enjoyed crafts, games, weekly contests and stories about dragons, castles, knights, frog princes, other royalty, and both traditional and fractured fairy tales during the Tuesday and Friday morning programs.

The program would never have been so successful without the help of a host of volunteers who collectively donated at least 130 hours. Teen volunteers (graduates of the program themselves) were Mattie and Riley Aielo, Natalia Clark, Shaun Jackson, Jennifer Mueller, Jordan Neulieb, Julia Nell and Bailey Wessels-Halverson. They read stories, helped with planning, led crafts and activities, and managed game booths.

Adult volunteers read stories, helped with crafts, designed props for activities and managed fair booths. A big thank you goes out to Barb Elges, Paul Draper, Jonathan Alford, Marti Capling, Donna Clark, Josie Hummel, Jennifer Hedrick, Jackie McComas, Ann Rasich, Nancy Cole, David Bright, Cynthia Mitchell, Dave Krueger, Donna and Jim Gregory, and Bill and Vera Bang. "Double thanks" go to the following - not only did they volunteer to help with crafts, manage fair booths, provide materials and read stories, but regularly brought their own children to the activities and encouraged their reading as well: Jeanette Pike, Kathy Wagner, Carolyn Townsend and Sheri Smith.

The business community always plays a much appreciated part in our activities. This year, The Source sponsored our zipper-pull dogtags that were awarded to each child completing the program. The dogtag program will be continued at the Elementary School during the next school year in conjunction with the Accelerated Reader Program, and hopefully these will become annual "collector's items" in both programs.

We received financial support from City Market, advertising assistance from KWUF Radio, The SUN and the Chamber of Commerce. The drink container loaned by McDonald's helped on those hot mornings. A big thank you also goes to Jim Miller with the parks department, who played a big part in making sure we had outdoor space and tables to use since we did not have room for the program inside the mini library. And last but not least, I appreciate all of you who brought supplies and materials in to the library for us to use in our activities.


Arts Line

Business of Fiction workshop on PSAC calendar

By Kayla Douglass

PREVIEW Columnist

It's time to get ready for the next big PSAC event - the annual Home and Garden Tour.

If you've been checking the calendar at the end of this column, you know the tour has been scheduled for Sunday, July 24. This will be the fifth annual event and once again we have five lovely properties scheduled for your viewing pleasure, along with a new feature this year. Get your tickets now. Save the date, and take the tour.

Saunders exhibit

Stop by the Town Park art gallery this month and view an exhibit of rodeo photography - "Extreme Emotion of the Ride." The show features mostly black and white photographs taken by Wendy Saunders during actual rodeo events, including the Denver National Western Stock Show, the Greeley Stampede and National Western Finals (Las Vegas). Through the photographs, you'll experience rodeo before, during and after the ride.

Saunders has been a photojournalist covering life's events for over 25 years. She custom prints black and white images in her darkroom (almost a lost art in today's world) then hand selects framing which best presents the image. Each image is from a limited collection of 100 prints.

American Cowboy Magazine featured several of the images in their April 2004 edition. Saunders' images go beyond the "ride" of rodeo, as she photographs moments before and after the action. For a sneak peak of the show visit www.wensaunders.com and click the RODEO button.

The exhibit continues to July 30.

Photo club exhibit

Seven members of the Pagosa Springs Photography Club will exhibit their prints Aug. 4-31 at the Pagosa Springs Arts Council building. Club members who have committed to the exhibit are Scott Allen, Bruce Andersen, Jan Brookshier, Barbara Conkey, Al Olson, Jim Struck and Bill Woggon. Each participant will show up to three of their fine art prints.

The opening reception will be held Thursday, Aug. 11, from 5 to 7 p.m. The week's delay for the opening is due to the opening reception for the PSAC annual Juried Art Show being held Aug. 4 at the Wild Spirit Art Gallery. Please join us to support fine art photography in Pagosa Springs.

Business of Fiction

The Business of Fiction workshop with Marcia K. Preston will offer an overview of the creative and the business side of writing fiction for publication.

Topics for discussion include techniques for plotting, writing dialogue and structuring scenes, as well as advice on marketing and publishing.

Preston grew up on a wheat farm in central Oklahoma, near a town not too different from the setting of her mystery series featuring Chantalene Morrell, daughter of a Gypsy mother and a redneck father. "Song of the Bones," the second title in the series, won the 2004 Mary Higgins Clark Award for suspense fiction and the Oklahoma Book Award in fiction. The first book in the series, "Perhaps She'll Die," was nominated for the Mary Higgins Clark Award, and for Macavity and Barry awards in the Best First Mystery division. Marcia's first general fiction, "The Butterfly House," was released in January 2005 and has become popular with book clubs and reading groups. Her next novel, scheduled for release in April 2006, deals with the ripple effects of a heart transplant.

Since 1986, Marcia has edited and published ByLine, a monthly magazine for aspiring writers (www.bylinemag.com). As a freelancer, Marcia's work has appeared in a long list of national magazines, including Delta SKY, Southwest Art, Wildlife Art, Woman's Day, Flower and Garden, and Highways. She lives in Edmond with her husband, Paul, where they garden and dodge tornadoes. Marcia is the sister of Pagosa's own Jan Brookshier.

The workshop will be held 8:30 a.m. until noon Thursday, Aug. 18, at the community center. Cost of the workshop is $25. Call PSAC at 264-5020 to register now. Space is limited.

PSAC Watercolor Club

The PSAC Watercolor Club was formed in the winter of 2003. Since that time Pagosa watercolorists have met at 10 a.m. on the third Wednesday of each month in the arts and craft space at the community center.

This month's meeting was rescheduled to the fourth Wednesday.

The rooms are available to us for the day and we each contribute $5 for the use of the space. The schedule for the day varies when the watercolorists get together to draw and paint. We sometimes have a demonstration of technique from a professional watercolorist or framer. Sometimes, a few people bring still lifes or photos or just projects they want to complete. Come join us, bring your lunch and your watercolor supplies for a fun day. The next meeting is Wednesday, July 27.

Calendar available

This is the first year for a Pagosa Springs Arts Council calendar produced by local artists, the content reflecting Pagosa Country.

This 14-page, full-color calendar features images for the 12 months of the year as well as a cover image.

Works featured are from local artists Bruce Anderson, J. D. Kurz, Jan Brookshier, Sabine Baeckman-Elge, Jeanine Malaney, Jeff Laydon, Ginnie Bartlett, Claire Goldrick, Barbara Rosner and Tom Lockhart. Artwork includes photography, oil, fabric art, watercolor and mixed media.

The 2006 calendars are available through the Arts Council at a price of $9.95 plus tax for nonmembers and $8.95 plus tax for PSAC members. This is the first season for what will be and annual Pagosa Country Scenic calendar; stop by and pick up yours now. Don't forget, they make great Christmas gifts.

Juried art exhibit

How would you like to win $1000?

That's the first-place award for the second annual Juried Art Show; second place is $500; third place $200 and People's Choice is $100.

Eligibility: Watermedia, oil, pastels and drawings.

All work must be original in concept and must have been created without the assistance of an instructor. All work must be dry, properly framed and wired for hanging. Exceptions are allowed for work specifically intended to be unframed.

Size limit is 4' X 4', including mat and frame. Limit of two entries per artist. All entries must be for sale.

PSAC will retain 30-percent commission on all sales. Artwork is to be dropped off between July 30 and Aug. 1 at Wild Spirit Art gallery. Entry fees: PSAC member $15 one entry, $25 for two. Nonmembers $20 for one entry and $30 for two. Entry form with complete checklist is available through PSAC.

Watercolor workshop

This adult workshop, Beginners II, builds on Beginners I - The Basics of Watercolor, and uses everything learned in those classes.

In Beginners II we continue to work together to make it easy for students to create independently. We use all the materials from the previous class and just a few more things. Remember, watercolor is magic and fun.

Each morning, there will be lessons and exercises about shapes, composition and design, choosing subjects, further study about value and color, and more advanced techniques such as lifting, scraping, masking, glazing, working with sponges, salt, plastic wrap and waxed paper. Afternoons will be spent painting, using the morning's lessons.

The workshop is 9 a.m. - 3:30 p.m. Aug. 10-12 at the community center. Cost is $130 for the three days, $123.50 for PSAC members. Bring your own lunch. Call 264-5020 to register.

Joye Moon workshop

Joye Moon will once again conduct a four-day watercolor workshop for the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. She will be present a Plein Aire (painting outdoors) workshop Aug. 29-Sept. 1.

This fast-paced class will take us to a new location each day, 9:30 a.m.- 4:30 p.m . The community center will serve as our back-up studio space in case of inclement weather. You will learn the ins and outs of painting outdoors. The class will deal with how to create textures found in nature, perspective, and how to easily paint mountains, rock, creeks, grasses and beautiful skies. Joye will demonstrate techniques at each location several times during the day and prides herself in giving each student individual attention. There will be a gentle yet informative critique at the end of each day.

Don't miss this one-time opportunity to paint en plein aire with Joye Moon. Cost for the four days $is 200 for PSAC members and $225 for nonmembers. Cost per day: is $55 for members, $60 for nonmembers. Space is limited.

Call for entries

Pagosa Springs is home to many woodworkers who design and construct a wide range of products including furniture, turned bowls, carvings, etc.

PSAC will again sponsor an exhibit where Pagosa's finest woodworkers can show their newest wares. The Fine Woodworking Exhibit opens Sept. 29 and continues through Oct. 31. PSAC is requesting applications from area woodworkers. Selection will emphasize a balance between art and craftsmanship.

For more information, contact the PSAC gallery at 264-5020, e-mail at PSAC@centurytel.net, or contact David Smith at 264-6647 or dsmith7@unl.edu.

Photo club

The Pagosa Springs Photography Club will resume its meeting schedule at 5:30 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 14, in the art room at the community center. The tentative program schedule includes a presentation by Paul Boyer of Durango for the September meeting; "Digital Basics" by Bruce Andersen for October; "Family Photos/Scrapbook" for November; and a Christmas party with show and tell for December.

In conjunction with every meeting, the club holds a photo competition for club members. There are two competition categories: an open category where any subject is allowed and a theme category where the subject must conform to the stated theme. To assist members and prospective members in preparing prints for the theme competition, the club is announcing in advance the themes that are scheduled for each month. The theme for September is Summer; for October it is Balloons; November is Fall Color; December is Multiple Exposure; January is Holidays; February is Winter; March is Sunrise/Sunset; April is Green; May is Wild Flowers. Following the May meeting there will be a summer recess until the season begins again in the fall.

Interested photography enthusiasts are welcome to attend at no charge for the first meeting. Any and all are invited to join the club for a very modest annual fee. For more information, contact club president Jim Struck at 731-6468 or jim@perfassoc.com.

PSAC events

All PSAC classes and workshops are held in the arts and craft space, Community Center, unless otherwise noted.

All exhibits are shown in the PSAC Gallery at Town Park, unless otherwise noted.

July 16 - Drawing with Randall Davis, 9 a.m.-3 p.m., community center, $35

July 20 - 23 - Tom Lockhart oil workshop, 10 a.m. - 4 p.m., community center.

July 24 - PSAC Home and Garden Tour.

July 27 - Watercolor club, 10 a.m. community center.

Aug. 4 - 31 - 2005 Juried Art Exhibit.

Aug. 0 -12 - Beginner's II Watercolor Workshop with Denny and Ginnie, 9 a.m. - 3:30 p.m., community center.

Aug. 29 - Sept. 1 - Joye Moon plein aire watercolor workshop, 9 a.m.-3 p.m., community center.

September - Celebrities Cook for the Arts and art auction.

Sept. 14 - Photo club meeting, 5:30 p.m., community center.

Sept. 1-29 - Watercolor club exhibit.

Sept. 1- 28 - Juried art exhibit.

Sept. 2-14 - Intermediate watercolor workshop with Denny and Ginnie, 9 a.m. - 3:30 p.m., community center.

Sept. 29 - Oct. 31 - Fine woodworking and Betty Slade student oil painters exhibit.

October - Artist studio tour.

November - 2005 gallery tour.

December - Possible Festival of Trees in conjunction with the community center.

Artsline is a communication vehicle of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. For inclusion in Artsline, send information to PSAC by e-mail psac@centurytel.net. We would love to hear from you regarding suggestions for Artsline. Events in surrounding areas will be included when deemed of interest to our readers.


Food for Thought

Get the chi moving - a cheap, feng shui reprise

By Karl Isberg

PREVIEW Columnist

It is Saturday, 8 p.m.

My body feels like I've been in a traffic accident. A nasty one: a collision with a Peterbuilt. And I'm the guy in the Volkswagen.

I'm moving to a new house. With a piano and maybe ten other items equally as bulky and heavy. And four rental trucks full of crud, much of it bearing a mantle of dust accumulated over 13 years time. I've been at it for eleven hours now, and there's still half a house full of junk left for tomorrow.

There is bad mojo in the air. It's so thick I can taste it. There's lightning on the horizon; it's getting dark and I am losing all sensation in my lower extremities.

The problem: I haven't written a column for this week's PREVIEW.

That's what I do. Every week. Until now.

Not this week. No way.

So, I am reprinting an old column. Since most of you moved here in the last three years, you haven't read it. For those few of you who read it the first time, I changed a couple words. Pretend it's new.

I get the look, I'm in trouble.

I don't see it coming.

Everything's breezing right along: I'm sacked out in my favorite chair, nearly comatose in front of the tube.

I'm in possession of my favorite snack: store-brand pimento cheese dip, tortilla chips and thin slices of raw white onion. I scoop a major load of the dip with one of the round tortilla chips, I pop it in my mouth, I follow it with a snip of the onion. I chase it all with a less-than-moderate slug of Coppola Rosso, one of the best, cheap everyday reds there is. I offer up a toast to the warm, fertile soils of northern, coastal California, to the grand Napa Valley. To Italian-American film makers with a jones for vino.


Between sip, dip and chip, I read the side of the dip container. There are thirty-three ingredients in the dip. No wonder it's so good. I am pleased there is a hefty amount of anti-caking agent included in the mix. As someone who spends a lot of time in the gym picking up heavy objects and putting them back down, I am convinced anti-caking agents are worthy and legal substitutes for anabolic steroids. Bring 'em on - the more, the better.

There are several chemical ingredients in the recipe with polysyllabic, often hyphenated names. These are, no doubt, products of Defense Department experiments conducted in underground labs during the Cold War - components of deadly brews kept in leaking containers in drafty bunkers, ready at a moment's notice to be dropped, in aerosol form, on hapless Soviet and Warsaw Pact troops.

It's a darned shame the Cold War ended, isn't it?

Now divorced from the other chemicals that, synergistically, produce convulsions and bleeding from every orifice, calcium disodium EDTA is used in my pimento dip "to protect flavor." Obviously, the partnership of government and big business has an up side. So much for anti-government fear mongers, eh?

From what I can tell, the calcium disodium EDTA does a mighty fine job protecting the flavor of my snack. But, after 40 or so sips of the Coppola, with attendant toasts, anything tastes good.

I'm watching a television show about politically active, left wing Hollywood stars.

This is bliss: I've got simulated cheese products that won't cake - ever. I've got protected flavor, and pearls of wisdom about animal rights and foreign policy from semi-literate and grossly overpaid actors.

Life doesn't get much better than this.

Then, I sense a presence.

Between me and Alec Baldwin comes Kathy. She's in her right-guard-for-the-Denver Broncos stance, hands on her hips, ready for full contact.

She's giving me ... the look.

Fun's over.

In a millisecond we're on to the subject du jour.

"We've got to get serious with feng shui," she says. She does not blink. Her eyebrows seem to have grown together. Her Magyar heritage is all too obvious. I visualize my sweetie, clad in furs, sword in hand, astride a swift steed, galloping across a grassy plain, mutilating hapless villagers just for the fun of it.

"Well," I say, "I haven't enjoyed feng shui in more than three decades." I wax poetic, frantically seeking an escape. "I remember one memorable feng shui, served up in the hallucinatory early morning hours in a little dive on Mott Street. I'd just left a gig at The Balloon Farm on St. Mark's Place and was headed to a second-floor walkup on Christopher Street, there to consort with a redheaded Wiccan from Boston. There was a cool wind blowing and the air in the city smelled fresh for a change, alive with the promise of spring. The meal was served in a lacquered bowl and I ate with a degenerate beatnik poet and a down-in-the-mouth Australian folksinger who just lost her job as a waitress at The Night Owl. I suppose if I could procure some extraordinarily fresh sea urchin and an ounce or two of the rare Mongolian tree fungus they use in the sauce, I could try to make some ... "

"Feng shui is not a food," Kathy snaps. Any potential for humor freezes solid and falls dead from the vine.

"I beg to differ," I respond, a bit of cheese dip plopping on the front of my 1998 Lady Pirates Volleyball T-shirt.

I will divert her with fiction, I think, frustrate her, get back to the televised sad but true woes of Wynona Ryder. "There are several variations on the recipe - southern and northern - all feng shui by virtue of the fungus and the method of cooking. An unglazed clay pot is coated with duck fat by a kitchen crew composed exclusively of young boys from a particular village in the province of ..."

"Put the cheese dip down fatso, it's bad for you. And cut the crap; get up and follow me."

I do as I'm told, sneaking a glance at Bono as he explains international monetary policy.

We sit at the living room table and examine a book on feng shui Kathy received in the mail. Any book Kathy receives in the mail is dangerous; she regularly orders reading material from one of those wow-are-we-with-it alternative publishers. Each new shipment means a change of some kind: in diet, in exercise habits, in the array of herbal supplements that clutter the kitchen counters, in dog shampoo.

"Everything is in the wrong place," says Kathy. "We've got to do a detailed diagram of the property, of each room in the house, of the contents of each room. I need a compass to orient myself and determine where things need to be. I can tell right away the back entrance to the house through the garage is bad news, very bad. We need to attach wind chimes to that door. And the colors! Dear heavens, the colors ..."

I nod my head and look serious. I need a dose of anti-caking agent.

According to Kathy, the flow of chi in and around the homestead is abysmal.

I agree, adding that "Chi, rehydrated then marinated in a mixture of equal parts of soy sauce and dry sherry is positively divine when sliced thinly, sauteed with ginger, onion and garlic and served with a scallion pancake."

Wrong again.

Apparently, our doorways should be moved but, barring that, colors need to be adjusted. Wind chimes must be placed in propitious locations as soon as possible; furniture must be rearranged and the colors of the walls need to be changed. The sooner, the better. Disaster looms if we hesitate; the chi is askew.

Most important, clutter must be removed.

In a flash, I'm focused on the conversation.

This assertion pierces to my core like a sharp blade.

What? Get rid of clutter? What kind of outlandish voodoo is this?

My heart beat increases when I hear Kathy's proposal, my respiratory rate accelerates, I start to sweat.

Anything but the clutter. I ... I ... but ... oh, my. The clutter? Really? The clutter?

Kathy senses my shock and goes on the offensive.

"We start in the garage. The place is ridiculous. Chi could perish in there, you know

- shrivel up, and die. Tomorrow, I want you to start going through things. I want everything not absolutely essential thrown away. Got it? And throw away that cheese dip while you're at it, it's bad for fat guys. You're going to clutch your chest, crumple to the floor, and they'll find a wad of that crud the size of a baseball in your coronary artery when they do the autopsy. I, for one, won't feel the least bit sorry for you."

I start to seize up, but not because of the pimento dip. I want clutter, I need clutter. Clutter provides sensory nourishment to me; my ADD personality demands constant overstimulation and clutter is a big part of that process. Clutter is also a pathetic material defense standing between me and the stark realization I am marching steadily toward my doom. Clutter is the flotsam floating behind the wreck of my existence, proof I once sailed this way. Clutter is my psychic exoskeleton.

"You want me to take my exoskeleton to the landfill?" I ask Kathy.

"The chi has to flow, chubby" she says. "Tomorrow, the garage."

I sleep fitfully. Apparently the darned chi is running amok in the garage and can't get to me.

The next day, I try. I really do.

I start with the ten or so cartons packed with examination text books mailed to me back in the mid '70s when I pretended to be a teacher. I kept hundreds of these mastodons. Book publishers used to send one after another to instructors, currying favor, wheeling and dealing to procure orders for boring introduction to philosophy texts written by intellectually hamstrung bozos stuck in poorly-lit offices at backwater colleges all across this great land of ours. And Canada. Probably Guam.

I never read the texts, but I kept them. As ballast. Everyone needs ballast.

I find a cardboard box containing my Aunt Hazel's scallop shells - all but one of twelve broken - and a small teapot with teensy cups and saucers commemorating a trade fair held in 1957 in Osaka. All but one of the cups is shattered.

It's like archaeology. This is indispensable stuff! It tells a story. I like stories; I'm a storyteller by trade.

Over in the corner is a carton wrapped with now powdery masking tape. Inside is a treasure: a cap from Cub Scout Pack 57, a Blue Knights Drum and Bugle Corps membership card, my Denver Country Day School annual from 1964 (printed right before they kicked me out), and all twelve issues of Sunbather Magazine published in 1958, including the notorious volleyball issue. Do I need to tell any male over the age of 50 what this means?

I discover four computer printers. Dot matrix. Museum pieces. There is a large rug, of undetermined mid-eastern origin, worn on only one edge. I discover a Marty Hogan autograph aluminum frame racquetball racket. For crying out loud - Marty Hogan! One of the few Jews to win a national championship!

How about a hand-carved mahogany Ibex, Egyptian, circa 1950?

How can you surrender gems like these?

I confront Kathy with the evidence: Strictly defined, nothing in the garage constitutes clutter. Nothing in the garage should impede the flow of chi if - and this is important - the chi has any character at all.

Kathy reminds me I am obligated to provide dinners for what must be at least 300 people. I have trouble denying it. Kathy has a list of people we owe; she insists we take care of at least four of them soon.

"If the chi can't flow freely," says Kathy, her eyes narrowing to slits, "you're doomed." She nods slowly, a woman in possession of secrets.

I consider my choice of soup and a first course.

Avocado soup. Crab or lobster ravioli.

Are they in jeopardy if the chi is impeded?

The type of ravioli will depend on the availability of the crustaceans. This is not exactly catch-of-the-day material at nearby Navajo reservoir, so Dame Fortune will have a hand in the choice.

Either way, the cooked and cleaned crab or lobster will be mixed with sauteed minced red pepper and shallot, some freshly grated Parmesan, bread crumbs, basil, salt, pepper, a bit of finely chopped parsley. Maybe a bit of egg or bechamel.

If I have time, I'll make my own pasta and roll the dough out on my hand-crank machine. If I don't have time, I'll use egg roll wrappers for the ravioli, cutting four-inch squares for use. A wad of filling is slapped on a square, beaten egg yolk is brushed around the perimeter and a second sheet of wrapper put on top with air expressed and edges sealed. The package is trimmed. Each ravioli will be gently simmered in a shallow pan in boiling salted water. They'll be drained after two minutes or so, and plated immediately.

One of two sauces served with the ravioli will be made with minced red pepper, sauteed in butter and oil with some finely minced shallot and garlic and a touch of either hot red pepper or minced serrano pepper. Heavy cream and a bit of dry white wine will be added. The sauce will be reduced then discombobulated in the processor and strained. A knob of butter, seasoning to taste, and it's ready to go. Either a creamy pesto sauce or basil oil will provide the second sauce for the dish. If I can manage lobster, I'll make a lobster stock using the carcass, and build one of my sauces on the stock.

But what if Kathy is right? What if the chi is locked in the garage fluttering around like a damaged butterfly? Kathy is ready to repaint the doors so the colors allow easy chi entry but what if the debris in the garage twists the chi, knots its helix, warps its weft? Will the ravioli turn out perfect, or will some monstrous chi-related disaster occur?

I reevaluate the garage situation. I am in agony. I make decisions.

The texts can go - all but the one written by the doofus at Slippery Rock State University. He misspells "epistemology" in a particularly embarrassing way, and that has to be worth something to a philosophy nut surfing for bargains on E-Bay.

The scallop shells? The tea cups? The snow shovel with the broken handle? I don't know. I find myself unable to concentrate. I need something to align my personal chi. Forget moving the furniture. Forget repainting the walls and doors. I need something that will bring everything into harmony.

Calcium disodium EDTA. And tortilla chips.

Oh, and I'll review the sunbather magazines. There's an entire family from Bakersfield, from grandma down to the grandkids, playing the most fascinating game of volleyball you've ever seen.

That'll get your chi on the move!


Extension Viewpoints

Help 4-H, stock your freezer at livestock auction

By Bill Nobles

PREVIEW Columnist

Today - 8:30 a.m. Entomology Project meeting.

July 25 - 4 p.m. Dog Obedience Project meeting; 4:30 p.m. Sportsfishing Project meeting; 7 p.m. Public meeting: county roads.

July 27 - 6 p.m. 4-H Livestock Weigh-in.

July 28 - 6:30 p.m. Pagosa Peaks Club meeting.

July 29 - 2 p.m. Rabbit Project meeting.

July 30 - 8 a.m. fair quilt entries and judging.

Check out our Web page at www.archuleta.colostate.edu for calendar events and information.

4-H Chuckwagon Dinner

Join your fellow Archuleta County citizens for a good meal and great conversation at the annual 4-H Chuckwagon Dinner, Aug. 6 at the county fair. The planned menu is as mouth-watering as ever and includes smoked beef brisket, Colorado grown baked potatoes, cole slaw, dinner roll, and the classic summer dessert, strawberry shortcake. All that and a drink for only $8 for ages 13 and up and $6 for ages 12 and under.

Tickets can be purchased from any 4-H member and will also be available after July 20 at the Chamber of Commerce, county Cooperative Extension office, the Shell station and in the Activity Tent that Saturday night at the Fair. A percentage of monies raised will be put towards 4-H community service projects - one that includes some renovation on the Extension Building Exhibit Hall. So come out 4-6:30 p.m. Saturday, Aug. 6, for an excellent time.

4-H livestock auction

Animals with colored ribbons. Anxious, young livestock breeders. A barn full of interested buyers. An evening full of showing, bidding, buying and selling championship livestock. An event.

This is the Archuleta County 4-H Livestock Auction. The 4-H livestock auction is the culmination of a long project year for many 4-H members. At the auction, they have the opportunity to sell their animals and learn first hand how the marketing process works. It is an educational project that begins with the selection of an animal many months before and continues until the animal is shipped to the slaughter house for you at the end of the fair, or you take home your animal.

So ,you may be asking, "Why should I purchase an animal from the 4-H livestock auction?"

The answer is quite simple. You will receive personal satisfaction through: 1) Helping to promote 4-H youth "learn by doing" programs; 2) Obtaining high quality meat for your freezer or locker; and, 3) Free advertising you will receive as a buyer, both in the newspaper and the 4-H livestock auction program. Everyone is invited to participate in this year's livestock auction as a buyer by registering at the livestock tent before or during the auction. Livestock animals can also be "split" for purchasing, so you and your family or friends can get together and purchase some top-quality meat.

The 4-H members who sell livestock at the auction are very appreciative of the special people who buy their animals each year. The support they give makes the auction a success. Help us make this year the best auction ever by becoming a buyer at the 4-H Livestock Auction!

Grasshoppers got you jumping?

Grasshoppers often are the most common insect invaders of Colorado yards and gardens and among the most difficult pests to control. For a variety of reasons, grasshopper populations cycle naturally from season to season, causing extensive damage during outbreak years. Annually, grasshopper problems tend to increase as summer progresses and usually continue even after the first frost. They favor certain vegetable plants such as lettuce, carrots and onions and tend to avoid others such as squash, peas and tomatoes (leaves, not fruit). They usually avoid conifer trees and shrubs, however, during years when grasshoppers are extremely abundant and food is scarce, they feed on almost all plants.

Grasshoppers generally don't feed on most trees and shrubs but these may provide convenient resting sites. They may nibble on foliage and tender bark, causing considerable injury over the course of a season. Established plants tolerate this leaf loss and usually recover and suffer little long-term injury. Grasshoppers breed and develop in dry, undisturbed sites such as pastures, empty lots and roadsides. As the plants in these areas dry out or are eaten, they move to the lusher growth found in yards and gardens. Successful management must include breeding areas. Grasshopper controls applied strictly to the yard will almost always achieve poor results because of problems with continuing reinvasion.

Grasshoppers are most easily controlled with insecticides when they are still immature and their location is restricted to breeding areas. The eggs hatch mid-June to early July so make a neighborhood survey to identify areas of developing grasshopper populations. Where high populations of grasshopper nymphs are detected, generally more than 10 per square yard, treat promptly to prevent later problems in adjacent yards.

Options for grasshopper control in these breeding areas include insecticides formulated as either sprays or baits. A variety of effective sprays for this purpose are readily available in Garden shops, hardware stores and similar retail outlets. These include Orthene, Sevin and permethrin. These can be broadcast but may also be effective if applied in bands covering 50 percent of the area. The mobile grasshoppers will usually move to treated areas and be controlled. Because of its longer residual activity and ability to move systemically within a plant, Orthene usually provides the best grasshopper control. Orthene, used according to directions, can be applied to pastures, roadsides and various trees and shrubs. Orthene cannot be applied legally to garden crop foods. On vegetables and fruit, use other insecticides strictly according to label instructions.

Grasshopper baits contain bran or a similar carrier mixed with the insecticide carbaryl or Sevin. Baits are easy to apply, usually effective, and have little effect on beneficial insects. Disadvantages include slightly higher cost and less availability. Scatter baits early in the morning before grasshoppers start to feed.

Some protection of a yard is possible by watering the grasshopper breeding areas to promote plant growth. Abundant green plants in these areas can greatly delay and diminish grasshopper movements into yards. A lesser effort may involve watering a barrier strip of grass and weeds around a yard. Where yards are adjacent to hay fields, it may be useful to leave an uncut strip to concentrate grasshopper populations. Treat these barrier strips with insecticide for greater control. An excellent resource on grasshopper identification and biology is the University of Wyoming Web site, "Grasshoppers of Wyoming and the West." This can be accessed at www.wygisc.uwyo.edu/grasshopper.


Pagosa Lakes News

Teen takes a look at life's clichés

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

This week I have invited a guest writer, Melissa Maberry, to author the Pagosa Lakes News column.

Melissa is a second-year high school intern at the Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center. A good natured and cherub-faced young lady, she packs a keen eye for the idiosyncrasies of the "over-the-hill" crowd who are not yet "looking at the Grim Reaper."

Melissa graduated from Pagosa Springs High School this past spring. She's headed to Texas country to an institution of higher learning - the Lubbock Christian University. Her major will be in psychology, and she hopes to transfer to Texas Tech down the road to double major in journalism. Huh! A psychoanalyzing journalist!

By the time Melissa is ready to sink her teeth into the art of writing professionally, she'll have an-enormous portion of the population who are "over the hill" to satirize (me included).

Good luck Melissa on your future endeavors. You will be missed.

The Other Side of Age

By Melissa Maberry

"Over the hill," and "looking at the Grim Reaper" name just a couple of clichés that describe the process of growing older. For some people, these clichés may be true. I wouldn't know. After all, I'm only 18. I'm not "over the hill" quite yet. But now, as I work at the Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center and observe its customers, I realize being "over the hill" doesn't always mean you're "looking at the Grim Reaper."

The rec center is a welcoming place for people of all ages and from all parts of the country. The latter is more the case with timeshare property owners who visit Pagosa for a week at a time. But, we, as the staff, do enjoy our regulars.

The evening shift usually entertains the company of the younger crowd - the college kids intent on keeping their muscle mass or losing their "freshman fifteen." However, the morning shift happens to be my personal favorite. Aside from the swim team and swimming lessons, the mornings are filled with Pagosa's beloved senior citizens known as the water aerobics ladies and the racquetball guys.

Every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday the water aerobics ladies come in at 6:15 and 9:30 a.m. These ladies always seem so sweet and nice, especially to a teenage girl who is not a morning person. After living their fair share of life, most of them have a set manner in which things should be done: the pool should be exactly 85 degrees, one color of kickboards should be in two stacks on one side of the pool and the other color should be the same way on the other side of the pool; there should be two kickboards for every person, the swim noodles need to be divided equally and set next to the stacked kickboards, and the locker rooms need to be completely dry when their class gets out. I don't mind these "Rules for Water Aerobics" because I know that if the pool is a degree below where it should be, a kind smile and a nice comment such as "the pool was a little cold today," will greet me as they're on their way out the door.

The main group of racquetball guys come in at seven till eight in the morning. At about 6:30, the procedure goes as follows: one man comes in early and asks for a lock and key for the lockers. He always hands me the same pair of keys for me to hold as collateral. But these keys are much more than a simple exchange. One keychain actually holds nitroglycerin pills. The man calmly gives instructions to each new employee on how to use them in case anybody suffers a heart attack in the middle of one of their heated games, and the games do get heated. The men sometimes emerge with cuts on the head and bruises on their arms. But, at least they're prepared in case anything goes really wrong.

Now, my favorite part of working in the mornings only comes in about twice a week. They are a much older couple who still manage to find time and energy to play racquetball together. They enter the rec center smiling, asking me how I am, and then they set about getting ready for their game. Let the competition begin! They begin playing, and it isn't long before the wife stops what she's doing and starts arguing with her husband. I can never hear anything because of the soundproof barriers. However, I can tell she's upset. He calmly gives her an explanation, and then she returns, shaking her head, to her position, getting ready for the next round. Once the game is over, they pick up their equipment and give me one last smile before they leave for the day.

These three stories of the regulars, as cheesy as it may sound, actually help me understand a little bit more about life. Life is what you make it. These people are motivated not to stay at home doing nothing, but to be active, and continue doing what they enjoy. I'm glad to know there are the exceptions to the clichés. I only hope that I can be the same way. I don't want to be "looking at the Grim Reaper" when I'm "over the hill."


Wilson Burbank

Wilson Maughan Burbank, 86, passed away Thursday, July 13, 2005, at home in Ensenada, N.M.

Mr. Burbank is survived by his daughter Doreen and her husband, Manuel Trujillo, of Ensenada; sisters Ione Cottle and Mrs. Dorothy Golightly and her husband Hal; brothers Dan Burbank and his wife Dorothy of Salt Lake City, Utah, and Robert Burbank of Los Angeles, Calif.; several nieces and nephews; and a grandson, Manuel Trujillo.

He was preceded by his mother and father, Viola Maughan and Clifford Burbank.

Mr. Burbank was a member of the Mormon Church in Chama and was a veteran of the United States Coast Guard, having served from July 19, 1940, to July 22, 1946. He was a VFW charter member and a member of the Acequia Association.

Memorial services will be held 10 a.m., Friday, July 22, 2005, at the VFW Post 8448 Hall in Tierra Amarilla with burial to follow in the Ensenada Cemetery.

 Business News
Chamber News

Pagosa — it's all interrelated

By Mary Jo Coulehan

SUN Correspondent

In the short time I have been in this job, I perceived there to be one negative job duty: writing responses to complaint letters regarding an establishment here in our community.

While the letters received are few and far between, I say that I thought this to be a negative, but no more. I just received a letter and the complainant hit the nail on the head. His comment read, "'We're an independently owned and operated business and have nothing to do with ...!" The writer didn't seem to think all businesses in Pagosa Springs were interrelated and dependent on one another.

His comments reflected a conversation that he had with an employee at a business regarding another business in town. So I just wanted to say thank you to this gentleman for reiterating the importance of how we are all interconnected in this community. Customer service is key to your business and our community and the great reputation we have as a super friendly town.

Remember, it's OK to admit fault and say "I'm sorry, what can I do to improve your experience." When you as the agent become defensive, the customer usually has no choice but to become defensive as well! Diffuse the situation, apologize, offer solutions, and even if the customer had a bad experience somewhere else, they'll remember your efforts and will perceive that they drank a glass of lemonade from the lemons they received.

To attempt this effort is often hard, especially if it isn't your business. Just focus on the positive of the complaint: if you don't know about the problem, you can't fix it! Thank the person for bringing the issue to your attention so that you can do something about it. There are people out there who are constant complainers and want a lot for nothing. But the percentage of these people is very small. Most people that have problems are legit. Just think of all the people that have a problem, don't say anything, never come back to your business, and tell 10 friends of their experience. Ouch!

So remember, we are an interconnected community. I thank my correspondent from Santa Fe for reminding me of this fact.

And now that we have had our customer service tip for the week, let's look at some upcoming events that entertain the locals and visitors alike.

Car wash time

The rain has been able to wash the surface dirt off our cars a little, but the staff and board of directors here at the Chamber are ready to take on the dirty cars of Pagosa Springs Chamber members. Bring your car down to the Visitor Center 10 a.m.-2 p.m. Saturday and we will have you stylin' around town in a spankin' clean vehicle. This is just one of the fun ways the Chamber would like to say thank you for your membership, your support, and participation in our community.

Here is just a little tidbit of information about our great Chamber members: we are still one of the top communities with one of the highest Chamber memberships per capita in the state of Colorado. Not bad for little ol' Pagosa. This statistic just reiterates the point that we are an interrelated community with a great support system. So let us show you our support in one small way by allowing this crazy team of Chamber volunteers to wash your car for free. Come on downtown for some laughter, great service and a show of appreciation from your Pagosa Springs Area Chamber of Commerce. The flood waters have receded from the parking lot and the group is ready with sponges and window cleaner. See you Saturday.

Music in the Mountains

We still have a few tickets available for Friday's concert at BootJack Ranch with violinist Vadim Gluzman. Not only will he perform a solo concert, but there will also be a strings octet performance with other musical masters. Being touted as the next Isaac Stern, Gluzman returns to enthrall listeners with his violin virtuosity. The concert will start at 7 p.m. and light food and beverages will be sold. Tickets are $40 and are still available at the Chamber of Commerce.

If the piano is more to your liking, then reserve your ticket for Antonio Pompa-Baldi Friday, Aug. 5, again at BootJack Ranch. At that performance there will also be four (count them, four) pianos producing a kaleidoscope of beautiful music. Tickets for this concert are also $40 and may be purchased at the Chamber.

The Music in the Mountains concert series also returns to Town Park this year with the free performance of "Peter and the Wolf." Over 600 people enjoyed the music of Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev and regional and local performers last year. The concert will happen this year at 11:30 a.m. Thursday, July 28. Complimentary hot dogs and beverages will also be served. Ask your employer now for a long lunch so you can enjoy a day in our Town Park with your family and some timeless music.

Chimney Rock gathering

With the lunar standstill starting and Chimney Rock gaining so much attention, we are lucky enough to live in this area and have so many cultural exhibits available to us.

This weekend, the Friends of Native Cultures, in cooperation with the San Juan National Forest and the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, will host Native American Cultural Gathering and dances. There will be traditional singers, storytellers and dancers from Hopi, Acoma, Laguna, San Juan, Santa Clara and Picuris Pueblos. The Southern Ute Heritage Performers will exhibit 11 a.m. in the lower parking lot at and the Puebloan Social Dancers will perform 1 and 4 p.m. in the Great Kiva on both days. There will also be Native American arts and crafts available. The entry fee to Chimney Rock on these days will be $10. Once again, don't miss the opportunities that we have in our own area.

Arts Council

Local homes will open their doors or gardens Sunday to viewers interested in seeing some of the beautiful residences in Pagosa Springs. The PSAC Home and Garden Tour will start at noon and you can travel around and view until about 5 p.m. Tickets are $10 for PSAC members and $12 for non-members and may be purchased at the Chamber, Moonlight Books, Wolftracks Bookstore and Coffee House, and the PSAC building.

Homes this year include two on scenic Fourmile Road. The Malcolm and Joan Rodger house, three miles up Fourmile will play host to spectacular views of Pagosa Peak, Eagle and Saddleback Mountains. The Pat and Marge Alley home in Lost Valley of the San Juans on the way up to the Fourmile Falls Trailhead will show off not only beautiful views but an energy efficient, stunningly decorated Earth Block adobe home. The Alleys will also offer up the two-bedroom, fully-furnished Whispering Pines townhome model on Talisman as the refreshment center, and works by local artists will be displayed. Also in the Pagosa Lakes area will be the garden of Brigitte Friesl on Steamboat Drive. The Jolliff Home with its Southwestern decor and electric train system is in Pagosa Eaton Estates, and Bill and Carol Barrows' home in The Knolls subdivision by the airport will show off their Japanese teahouse and panoramic views.

Every year the Arts Council seems to secure another round of gorgeous houses in Pagosa that our residents call home. We thank them for allowing us to invade their privacy and get new ideas on how we might decorate our homes. I always say, "Living in Pagosa is like being a kid in a candy store." The beautiful homes here are just an example. Get your ticket now for Sunday's showing.

More mentionings

At 7 p.m. Tuesday, the Pagosa Film Society will show the delightful film "Don Juan DeMarco" at the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall in Greenbriar Plaza. This film stars Marlon Brando, Johnny Depp and Faye Dunaway. A $3 suggested donation will benefit The Friends of the Library.

The Archuleta County Fair is right around the corner, Aug. 4-7. There are lots of changes and additions in events, rules and activities this year. Those interested in exhibiting or attending can pick up a Fair Book here at the Chamber, the Extension Building or locations throughout town or view the fair Web site at www.archuletacountyfair.com.

Don't miss the kick-off event - Old West Fest, 4-7 p.m. Thursday, Aug. 4, with Old West performers and the Hot Strings. Friday will highlight the Colgate Country Showdown and the demolition derby. Saturday, Aug. 6, will be a full day with the 4-H Chuckwagon Dinner, the livestock auction, and the fair dance with Tim Sullivan and Narrow Gauge. Sunday the fair concludes with the Lee Sterling Chili Cook-off and the Kid's Rodeo.

Throughout the fair there will be new and exciting events and shows, as well as old favorites like the dunking booth and rock climbing wall. You can purchase wrist bands at the Extension Building or here at the Chamber. Set some time aside for this annual countywide event where family and friends enjoy a sampling of our community heritage and a good time is had by all.

Don't forget to also log on to the Town of Pagosa's Web site where you can find out about upcoming public meetings. The Town is looking for input on planning and design ideas they are working on. You don't have to live in the town to participate. It's your community, get involved, share your ideas and make a difference.

Welcome aboard

One new member joins us this week: Superior Car & Home Audio/Video. Located right in historic downtown Pagosa Springs, the Woods family have a complete line-up of audio and video products for your home or car for every budget. They even have the latest in surround sound audio for the experience of a movie theater right in your own home. Stop by and see their products or give them a call at 264-5824. We are pleased that Superior Audio and Video is now a Chamber member. Bring one of your cars to the Chamber Saturday and we'll give you the new member special car wash.

Welcome back delightful Bonnie Nyre and Slices of Nature; and speaking of community participation, welcome back to Power House Youth Ministries.

That rounds out the events and don't forget to come out to the Visitor Center Saturday and let us get that mag chloride off your car at the annual Chamber of Commerce Membership Car Wash.


Biz Beat

Chavolo's Taqueria

Edgar Ortiz, left, owns and operates Chavolo's Taqueria, and is seen here with members of his staff at the new restaurant.

Chavolo's Taqueria is now open in the Greenbriar Plaza, at 301 N. Pagosa Blvd. Chavolo's is open for breakfast, lunch and dinner, seven days a week, 7 a.m. to 7 p.m.

For breakfast, Chavolo's offers customers breakfast burritos, huevos rancheros, eggs cooked several ways, with chorizo, ham, machaca (shredded beef), sausage or in a huevos papas pan - two eggs, hash browns, toast and a choice of meat.

At lunch or dinner, enjoy tacos, tostadas, tortas, burritos or a quesadilla, with ceviche, carne asada, carne pastor or barbacoa. A selection of shrimp dishes is also available, with a cocktail de camarones, camarones al la diabla, camarones al mojo de ajo and camarones apretalados - jumbo shrimp marinated in garlic oil and wrapped in bacon. Tostadas de ceviche complete the seafood menu.

Call Chavolo's at 731-2501 for more information and take-out orders.


Cards of Thanks
American Legion

The American Legion would like to thank the following businesses for their support for our scholarship fund: Ace Hardware, The American Legion Auxilary, Boot Hill/ Pete Parlor, Pagosa Bar/ Silver Dollar Liquor, Comfort One Insulation, Dorothy's Restaurant, Bank of the San Juans, Sky Ute Casino, and Design-A-Sign. We would like to extend a big Thank You to everyone who helped us with our annual softball tournament.

Thank you.

American Legion

 Bicycle Team

Team Pagosa Bicycle Team would like to thank all the sponsors and donors who made this year's Courage Classic, The Children's Hospital bike ride fund-raiser, a great success. Team Pagosa had 12 riders and contributed several thousand dollars to the hospital's fund raiser.

 Music Boosters

Whew, we did it. And we did it famously! Thanks to everyone who worked so hard and with heart to bring "Oklahoma!" to the Pagosa stage ... to our cast, who rehearsed and sang and danced and danced again and gave their time to the plains and corn fields of Oklahoma for over eight weeks ... to our extraordinary band which filled the house with song ... to our crew and costumers and front of house and families and friends - what an extraordinary experience. My hat's off to the direction and dedication of Lisa Hartley and other board members Kathy Isberg, Michael DeWinter, Scott Farnham and Jon Nash-Putnam. And, of course, to Jesse!

Dale Morris

Director, "Oklahoma!"



Michael and Susan Felts of Pagosa Springs, and Sandi Daniels of Scottsdale, Ariz., (formerly of Pagosa Springs) are very pleased to announce the engagement of their children, Liz and Scott.

Liz is a 2003 graduate of New Mexico Military Institute Junior College and is attending the University of Northern Colorado, majoring in history education.

Scott is a 1998 graduate of Pagosa Springs High School; he is employed with Fresenius Medical Care as a dialysis technician and is an EMT-B.

The wedding is set Nov. 5, 2005 in La Porte, Colo. After the wedding the happy couple will reside in Evans, Colo.



Carl and Selena Lungstrum of Colorado Springs, (former residents of Pagosa Springs) and Scott and Sue Scott of Pagosa Springs are proud to announce the upcoming marriage of their children, Carlena Lungstrum and Ty Scott. The wedding will take place Sunday, Aug. 7 in Colorado Springs.

Ty and Carlena are both 2002 graduates of Pagosa Springs High School. The couple will reside in Tampa, Fla., where Ty will finish school and begin a career with the United States Air Force.



In May, Abraham J. Laydon, grandson of Steven and Delores Butler of Pagosa Springs and a 2003 graduate of CU Law School, was sworn in by the Colorado Supreme Court to practice law in the state of Colorado. He passed the Colorado Bar the first time he sat for it. He was honored to have his entire family in Denver to witness the event, proving that becoming a lawyer would not be as exhilarating without a supportive family behind him every step of the way. He now has a private practice in Denver.


Sports Page

Baker with low gross, Prokop with low net

pace men's golf league

By Bill Curtis

Special to The SUN

Pagosa Springs Men's Golf League played an individual low gross/low net format July 14.

The gross first-place winner was Rick Baker with a score of 72. Fred Campuzano took second place with his 78 and finishing third was Don Ford with an 80.

Dave Prokop won low net with a 65. Second place went to Dennis Ford with a 67 and Gene Johnson was third with at 71.

All interested players are invited to join the men's league which plays every Wednesday at 1 p.m.


Pagosa women fare well at Pine Cone Classic

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

The Pagosa Women's Golf Association and the Pagosa Springs Golf Club hosted the annual Pine Cone Classic Tournament July 12 and 13.

The tournament included 76 players from six states: Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas and Utah. The courses were in beautiful condition; the competitive field and the very warm weather tested the players' mettle both days.

This year's format featured two-woman teams playing a best ball gross and net. The 38 teams played the Meadows Ponderosa courses the first day, and the Pinon Ponderosa courses the second day; each with a par 71 rating.

Eleven Pagosa teams were winners or placed in their respective flights:

Championship Flight

- Gross: third, Barbara Sanborn and Kay Crumpton, 157.

- Net: first, Jan Kilgore and Jane Stewart, 120.

First Flight

- Net: second, Jane Day and Julie Pressley, 126.

Second Flight

- Gross: first, Lynne Allison and Audrey Johnson, 168; second, Josie Hummel and Doe Stringer, 175.

- Net first, Loretta Campuzano and Marilyn Pruter, 123; third, Cherry O'Donnell and Sheila Rogers, 131.

Third Flight

- Gross: fourth, Nancy Chitwood and Sally Bish, 192

- Net: first, Kathy Giordano and Judy Horky, 125; second, Sue Martin and Carrie Weisz, 129; third, Carole Howard and Jody Lawrence, 132

Julie Pressley was a special events winner opening day with her drive that was "closest to the line" on Ponderosa No. 9. Second-day special events winners included Sally Bish, "closest to the line" for drivers on No. 6 Pinon; Lynne Allison, "closest to the pin," No. 3 Pinon; Julie Pressley, "closest to the pin," No. 2 Ponderosa; and Katy Threet, "longest putt" on No. 8 Ponderosa.

The ladies enjoyed breakfast both mornings at the club's Greenskeeper Restaurant, and were treated to a cocktail party and delicious buffet dinner Tuesday evening, hosted by Bonnie and Earl Hoover. Entertainment was provided by pianist Carolyn Bobbitt, from Houston. Immediately following play Wednesday, the ladies enjoyed an awards luncheon at the Vista Clubhouse.

Marilyn Pruter and Doe Stringer, tournament co-chairwomen, extend their deep gratitude to Terry Carter, club groundskeeper and staff for the excellent condition of the courses; Alan Schutz, club general manager and staff; and all the volunteers, sponsors and turnout of top players who contributed to the success of the tournament.


Major League Soccer camp returns to Pagosa

Pagosa Sting Soccer Club presents the eighth year of MLS Camps, Aug. 8-12 at the high school soccer fields.

There are several divisions available as part of the program:

- Recreational, 5-6 years old, 9 -10:30 a.m., $74.

- Recreational, 7-11 years old, 9 a.m.-noon, $114.

- Competitive, 12-18 years old, 5-8 p.m., $114.

- Extended day: team training. Minimum of 10 participants per team, 10 years and older, 9 a.m.-noon and 5-8 p.m., $154.

Shinguards are mandatory for all MLS camps programs.

Coaches are British certified, licensed, first-aid certified and trained in the MLS Camps Kidriculum.

All campers receive a ball and T-shirt, a program evaluation and a free companion ticket to a Colorado Rapids game. An MLS Camps Stadium Graduation will be held at Invesco Field in Denver in late August.

Registration deadline is July 26 (call after for availability). Checks should be made payable to Pagosa Springs Soccer Club and sent to 123 Cascade, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.

For more information, call Lindsey Kurt-Mason, 731-2458.


Blaine wins three golds at senior games

Pagosa's Don Blaine has done it again - this time bringing home three gold medals from the recent Rocky Mountain Senior Games in Greeley.

Blaine participated in the long jump and high jump, winning medals in both events, and finished first in an overall 50-meter dash, competing against participants 50 years old and up. Blaine turns 70 in August.

Blaine had a little extra help this year, getting assistance from some of the track and field athletes at Pagosa Springs High School. They instructed him on how to hold his body to get over the high jump and he practiced for several weeks learning to conquer the Fosberry Flop, going over the high jump backwards. Thanks to their help, Blaine had a successful day at the meet.

"I love all track and field events and am inspired every time I see our students here at the junior high and high schools working so hard to win," said Blaine. "My being a substitute teacher here gives me the privilege to seeing what these students accomplish, whether it be in athletics or academics. They're great kids."


Wrestling club holds dance fund-raiser tomorrow

An outdoor dance will be held at the Archuleta County Fairgrounds Friday, and an auction will be conducted to raise money for the Pagosa Wrestling Club.

The dance will begin at 7:30 p.m. and last until 11:30.

Music will be provided by one of the Four Corner's top bands - Andy Janowsky and the High Rollers. Nonalcoholic beverages will be served. Mike Branch is on the card as auctioneer, so it's bound to be an entertaining evening.

Tickets are $7.50 for singles and $10 per couple, with youngsters 12 and under admitted free.

Proceeds will be used to purchase training equipment, travel expenses and camp scholarships.

The club had two youngsters qualify for nationals this year - Andy Abresch and Dale August, but Colorado USA Wrestling wanted $1,000 each in order for them to participate. Club managers want to give local youngsters assistance and every opportunity to compete at this level in the future.


Pagosa Springs Recreation

Coaching your child's team? Here's some advice

By Myles Gabel

SUN Columnist

Should you coach your child's team? Here in Pagosa Springs, most of our youth sports are coached by parents, grandparents or older brothers or sisters. Before you decide to coach your own son's or daughter's team, here's some advice on the topic of coaching someone you are related to from kids themselves.

10. Know the game. So, you think your son or daughter will be delighted to have you for a coach just because it means you can spend some "quality time" together? Wrong. If you don't know what you're talking about on the field or the court - and you don't make the effort to learn - they would rather you just stay home.

9. Listen to your players. Kids like to feel respected. Yes, you need to establish your authority - to keep both kids and parents in line - but players are people too. "My mom listens to us and our ideas. That's why she's a great coach," wrote one kid.

8. Don't play favorites. For most kids, being the coach's pet is bad enough; being one just because of bloodlines is unbearable. On the other hand, no child wants to be singled out for extra harsh treatment because Dad's the coach. As hard as it may be at times, treat your child like any other player. "Nobody is more important than anyone else," wrote a child in an SI For Kids readers' poll.

7. Get everyone in the game. All kids like to win. But more than winning, kids like to play. Make sure all of your players get plenty of playing time and opportunities to try different positions.

6. Make it fun, Part I. The No. 1 reason kids play sports is to have fun. You can help. Turn repetitive drills into good-humored contests. Make games exciting, not terrifying. Treat the team to pizza or ice cream after a game now and then.

5. Make it fun, Part II. Enjoy yourself. Kids don't want to feel like a burden. "My dad's a great coach because he always has a good time," one child reported.

4. Don't baby them. No kid wants to do 100 sit-ups or run 50 laps, but players expect the coach to make them do whatever they need to do to be ready for the game.

3. Be a teacher. Kids play sports for fun, but if they don't improve, they'll eventually get bored or frustrated, and perhaps quit. Help them learn skills, rules, and strategy so that they can maximize their abilities.

2. Act your age. It's embarrassing for kids when their parents argue with officials and yell obscenities. It's even worse when the parent is the coach. Keep your anger in check and your language decent.

1. Care - but not too much. Kids want their activities to be taken seriously, but not too seriously. "She did not care if I won or lost" and "He's not too emotional" were the most common reasons kids gave for why their mom or dad was a great coach.

Resource: Sports Illustrated For Kids

Baseball 11-12 All-Stars

Monte Vista will host the 2005 Youth Baseball Competition July 21 and 22.

This will be the final competition for our 11-12 participants for the 2005 season. Teams are comprised of members of Pagosa Springs Youth Baseball 11-12 teams from this past baseball season.

The first game for our 2005 All-Stars will be today at 11 a.m. Members of the 2005 Pagosa Springs All Star squad are Ricky Belarde, Liam Frey, Michael Gallegos, Nathan Keyawa, Gabe Lister, K.C. Lord, Zach Lucero, Kain Lucero, Trace Maltsberger, Dakota Miller, Daniel Puskas, Waylon Sutton and Tanner Vrazel. Coaches are Cliff Lucero and Scott Miller.

Youth soccer

Youth Soccer signups are continuing through July 29. The youth soccer season will start earlier than in past years, beginning Aug. 15 and running through the end of September due to the cold October weather and less sunlight.

Pick up youth soccer applications at Town Hall or go online at townofpagosasprings.com to download an application. Age groups are 5/6, 7/8, 9/10, 11/12 and we will attempt to form a 13/14 group (seventh and eighth grades) if there is interest. Call the recreation department with any questions, 264-4151, Ext. 232.

Adult soccer

Anyone interested in playing coed adult soccer should go the soccer field adjacent to Golden Peaks Stadium Tuesdays at 6 p.m.. If you need additional information call the Town of Pagosa Springs Recreation Department and have your name placed on our team lists.

Sports hotline

Information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department may be found by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to townofpagosasprings.com and going to the Parks and Recreation link. All schedules and upcoming events are updated every Monday morning.

Additional information

For more information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, contact Myles Gabel, recreation supervisor, at 264-4151 Ext. 232.

Pagosa Springs Parks

County crews bring complex closer to reality

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

The Pagosa Springs Sports Complex will soon make a big change in appearance.

Chris Gallegos has taken on the task of cutting, filling and leveling the 16 acres to a rough grade stage. Thanks to Dick McKee, Kathy Holthus, Charlie Martinez and the whole crew at Archuleta Road and Bridge for their cooperation in mobilization and use of county equipment for our No. 1 capitol improvement project of 2005-2006.

The county crew has hauled over 3,000 cubic yards of topsoil, now stockpiled on school property. Once the rough grade is complete, we will put in drainage, irrigation, then move the topsoil.

Due to unforeseen circumstances and timing we are a little behind our schedule, which was to lay sod in mid-August or early September to take advantage of the fall monsoon season and insure the proper amount of water on the new sod. An abundant amount of moisture is a must for new sod; the freshly-cut sod goes through a short time of shock and a more than normal amount of water helps a good root setting for the grass.

As we piecemeal our way through the rough grade, we will analyze our progress; we can ensure some savings by doing a lot of the "rough in" portion of the project. That should allow us to take a closer look at the total budget. At this point we are considering sod versus grass, an upgrade in our fencing and possible lights on the baseball/softball field.

Job openings

We have contracted with Southwest Youth Corps based in Durango. The Corps has helped on trail maintenance and fire mitigation on Reservoir Hill in the past couple of years.

This year, with a new program designed for young adults 14-15, we are trying to serve a group of teenagers who usually are too young to drive to jobs, and are not usually able to do this kind of work.

The three-week program consists of the first week in training and team building activities. The second and third weeks are set aside for actual labor situations. Again, our original goal was to have this group lay the sod, but we are behind on our construction calendar so we may have to reevaluate their job description the closer we come to the dates set aside for their work here in Pagosa Springs.

Applications can be picked up at Town Hall. Fill out the application and return it to Town Hall. Work for the town is scheduled Aug. 1-19. The crew will consist of six local teenagers and two crew leaders. Benefits include uniforms, food, training, travel and a $350 service award per worker. Pay for the first week of training, with 40-plus hours of labor, works out to approximately $5.15 per hour.

The Town of Pagosa Springs has entered a partnership with the Youth Corps to help our local teens get involved with projects they can be proud of, and show a sense of accomplishment.

Anyone wanting more information should call Paul Paradis, ( Southwest Youth Corps) at 259-8607 ( press 1#) or me, at 264-4151, Ext. 231.



Privy to a paradigm

As old structures fall and cries are heard from those who object to the process of transformation, we are reminded of something uniquely true in this place, at this time. We in Pagosa Country are privy to a paradigm: What is happening here, now, is a clear example of what has happened in this part of the world since the arrival of those of European ancestry. Perhaps longer, if one is to judge by the ruins west of our town. We are witness to the essence of the American West, right here in River City.

Change. The erasure of the (relatively) old, the arrival of the new. The disturbance and distress left by the process.

Many of those who cry out when an old building comes down do so on somewhat shaky grounds when they complain about the destruction of historic structures. We define as "historic" those structures that are older than 50 years. We pin the label on structures of a certain design - even when that design was mundane, practical when conceived and constructed, lost in any greater architectural scheme.

Let us say this here, and take the blows that will come: There are very few genuinely historical structures in Pagosa Country - in the sense certain buildings in Santa Fe are historic, bearing the patina of centuries. We have a photograph of Pagosa Street, circa 1930, and it reveals some hard truths about his place. There is little if any obvious history in it, typical, say, of the mining towns where huge infusions of money occurred over short periods of time, producing homogenous business and residential districts with an identifiable period style. One glance tells us there was no style other than that driven by what could be done for a small amount of money. The overwhelming majority of structures that would be considered authentically historical, such as the buildings of the original Fort Lewis or the original bathhouse, were swept away by the broom of expediency long ago.

Our town never had an architectural style, never developed as did the Tellurides, the Central Citys, the Trinidads, the Denvers and Aspens.

Pagosa Country was, and is, typical of The West - a land in which change, rather than stability, is the theme. With very few exceptions, the West's history has been one of transformation. That, despite the turmoil, is its strength.

What many who complain about the process cherish is emotional value - and the emotional value people project on places and things is precious. But it is not stable. Complaints about the demise of structures often concern childhood experiences, often relate to an individual or family who occupied a structure. These are vivid experiences but they do not endow places or things with anything other than subjective meaning.

What is happening here, now, is the arrival of wealth and interests similar to what occurred more than a century ago in Colorado's mining towns, that constructed historic buildings, that created identifiable architectural styles. Like those places, Pagosa Country is experiencing an infusion of capital and individuals ready to use it to cater to a new population, new enterprises. In the manner of The West.

With luck, and grace, there will be populist components in what occurs, consideration given, especially by government, to social and economic ramifications of great, sudden change. But those who have the wherewithal to make it happen will drive the change. And they, unlike the timber business owners and ranchers and merchants of the past, might be able to establish an architectural standard, a look, a sense that will ultimately identify this place just as much as the magnificent mountains that surround it.

In The West, that's the way things happen.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

Now what did he mean by that?

By Richard Walter

SUN Columnist

We live in a language latrine today that easily disguises our intent for words used and makes speaking in conversational setting an almost impossible task.

Take, for example, any of the wars, police actions or multiple armed encounters around the world on a given day and try to understand what may have happened.

One source will report armed insurgents attacked, another may say troops loyal to the government (which one?) attacked and still another may report a "police action."

And then a 17-year-old walks into a train station in London, a 10-pound bomb strapped to his body, detonates it, and is heralded as a martyr to the cause (apparently any cause).

The big question here is why we need so many words. Just one - killer - as accusative as it sounds, encompasses all those taking innocent lives.

Not all misleading words are alone. Some come with photo. A major current advertisement would have you believe the average human body is composed of coal and will turn to dust if not assuaged with gulps from one of these bottles. The human body, scientists say, is about 97 percent water - not dissolvable stone - and the balance trace elements.

One of the least acceptable of all the trial excuses used today is parental abuse. Something like "Judge, my father spanked me when I was eight years old, so those 31 little boys in choir robes deserved to die."

Huh? If that were the case, every accused killer would be a pedophile since it seems almost certain there was a at least one spanking at some time in youth.

Another new addition to television news coverage has been the live scroll running across the bottom of the screen describing word for word what is being said.

However, some of the words these transcribers invent to cover what they think they heard are as far from legitimate elements of language as you can get.

Some words or groups thereof, ill-chosen for the time, can make pain even more severe. The homeowner watching as his home flows downstream doesn't need to be reminded, "Into each life some rain must fall." That was in a cartoon in a current news magazine.

Flagging words while editing can sometimes also make a change in meaning in copy. Changing one word often can alter the chain of thought and of meaning. The same is true of one word marked for change and forgotten in the pressure of deadline.

Human pressures on our lives are enough to face without having to live with the words of someone else as interpreted from still someone else.

As long as man seeks to discuss with other men and women the problems of a clearly tangled world, why can't we work on a common language that lets each understand at least on the surface, what the point of contention may be.

Until there are changes in the baseball world, there are two words that cannot go together - Rockies and win. Unless, of course, win is the new acronym for Wanted in Nigeria, and baseball is a foreign word there.



90 years ago

Taken from The Pagosa Springs SUN files of July 23, 1915

The state board is evidently doing its best to discourage purchasers of state lands in O'Neal Park, several applicants having lately been turned down. If it's the intention of the board to inaugurate a policy of non-sale for Archuleta County state lands, they should say so and not sit back in a swivel-backed chair and swipe the application fees, as they are doing from many of our citizens who are led to believe they can buy state lands at not less than appraised value.

Ralph Flaugh has just finished his big one-hundred-ton capacity hay barn on his ranch north of town.

At the present gait the world is moving, it's our guess that within the next decade boys will be wearing whiskers before they're ten years old.


75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of July 25, 1930

Sheriff Matthews motored to Durango returning with four prisoners, who are now in the county jail awaiting a hearing on charges of grand larceny of car accessories. The youths just completed a jail sentence in La Plata County on similar charges.

A "scouting trip" for historical facts will begin this week. Data gathered will be incorporated in a new history by Dr. Leroy R. Hafen of the Colorado Historical Society. The first permanent white settlers in southern Colorado came across the state border from New Mexico and other southwestern states, Dr. Hafen said. They arrived after the fur traders in northern and middle Colorado, whose crude trading posts had vanished before the permanent communities of civilization began in Colorado.


50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of July 22, 1955

Ralph Reardon of Thermal, California received the title to a Jeep pickup which he purchased from the Morehart Chevrolet Co. Reardon, a California fruit farmer, traveled here to buy the pickup after seeing it advertised in the SUN. After seeing the ad, Mr. Reardon traveled better than 700 miles to buy it. He drove it back to California and it will be used for work on his farm and for prospecting trips. SUN advertising has effectively demonstrated its worth many times, but we think this is the longest distance sale it has made. Reardon is an ex-Navy man and operates a fruit farm near the Salton Sea in southern California. He stated that he was most impressed with the local scenery and that this would by no means be his last trip here.


25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of July 24, 1980

George Callan, president of the local school board tendered his resignation from that body Tuesday night of this week. The resignation, which was accepted the board, was effective as of that date. After accepting the resignation, the board voted to commend Callan for his efforts on behalf of the patrons and students of the district. In another significant action the board voted to negotiate a contract with an architect to study building needs and possible alterations and additions.

Dick DeVore of the local Odd Fellows Lodge last week presented Jack Peterson with a check to defray the expenses of two local youths to the National High School Rodeo Finals in Yakima, Wash. Peterson is the sponsor the local club.


Overcoming obstacles...

...building a new library

By Sarah Smith

SUN Intern

For many months after the groundbreaking in March, the new library was a mere blip on Pagosa's radar - an exciting prospect, but progress was barely enough to register.

But, after some early setbacks, the building is finally beginning to take shape.

"It's so exciting to be in here and get a visual of the new space," said Peggy Bergon, interim co-director of the library, "and to dream about the great things we get to fill it up with."

Ruby Sisson Memorial Library, originally built 16 years ago, will boast an extra 3,000 square feet once construction is complete.

"We were surprised how quickly we outgrew it," said Bergon of the old library, "but I suppose it's normal with the rapid population growth. The library has always been a vital asset in the community."

The skeletal framework within the library outlines the new expansion, clearly showing just how much space the addition will provide. Large additions on the north and south ends give the new building a Z-like shape.

The south addition will most likely be the special collections area, where information on Pagosa Springs history and ancestry will be available for research. It will also house the Hershey Collection (a collection of books about the southwest).

The north addition will be mainly comprised of a huge wall of windows, which will frame a broad view of the east range, creating what Bergon called a "stunningly beautiful reading area."

Several years ago, when the library began conducting surveys to gauge the community's needs, one item always topped the list - a larger children's area.

In the new library, the kids will have their own room, sectioned off from the rest of the library.

"By enlarging and enclosing the kids' area, it gives us an opportunity to implement more children's programs," said Bergon. She added that until now, the library has not had the space to offer any more than the kids' summer reading program. However, with the new children's area, kids will be able to enjoy year-round reading programs and activities.

And adolescents will get their space, too. Bean bags and computer terminals tucked into a corner will create a little niche for the teenagers. This teen area will be "a comfortable place to come after school and do homework," said Bergon.

Although all of these additions are clearly visible now, it's been a long time coming. Construction of the library has met what Bergon called "huge stumbling blocks."

The first stumble - a faulty soil sample - delayed construction for several weeks. When it was discovered that the layer of bedrock was actually far below the reported depth, the foundation for the library had to be reconstructed. This not only delayed construction, it also added $84,000 to the already hefty $805,000 budget.

The second unanticipated setback was the parking lot. "The parking lot needed a lot of work," said Bergon. However, the equipment intended to give the lot a face-lift ended up destroying the lot "beyond repair" - and costing $60,000.

"It's a huge blow," said Bergon. "They (setbacks) have taken us above and beyond our raised monies."

Original funds for construction were raised through the tireless efforts of Lenore Bright, former library director. Over the course of several years, Bright raised funds through grant writing, acquiring grants from foundations like the Gates Family Foundation, the Boettcher Foundation and the El Pomar Foundation. She also accepted many generous and modest donations from private organizations and from individuals within the community.

The entirety of the construction is paid for with these raised funds. The library receives tax revenue from a mill levy, but it is for operating costs only.

"None of those tax dollars are used for construction," said Bergon. "Construction is funded strictly by donations."

And so, to pay for the unforeseen expenses, the fund-raising continues.

Yet despite the huge stumbling blocks, Bergon reported construction is actually ahead of schedule, and should be completed late fall.

"Jaynes Construction has gone out of their way to make sure we're back home this fall."

"Home" will certainly be different when they return. The interior of the original library has been completely gutted. However, small vestiges of the old library will still be intact when the new library opens its doors. The stained glass above the circulation desk, for example, will remain in its place.

"We've left some touches of the old," said Bergon.

Bergon said everyone is very eager to get back into the library and very excited about the new services the library will be able to provide.

But, until then, Pagosa will have to make due with the "mini library," located in the basement of the Humane Society Thrift Store. Bergon, acknowledging that it is a difficult location, said library staff would be happy to accommodate those unable to access the mini library.

For further information, or if you would like to make a donation to the Ruby Sisson Memorial Library, call 264-2209.


Sisson Library has new director

By Sarah Smith

SUN Intern

This weekend, the Upper San Juan Library District Board of Trustees appointed Christine Anderson as the new library director for the Ruby Sisson Memorial Library.

Anderson, the oldest of eight children, grew up on a farm in downstate Illinois. She attended the University of Illinois, where she majored in history and received her masters in library sciences. She was a law librarian in Chicago and attended DePaul University College of Law, where she received her law degree and taught family law.

Anderson became the Associate Dean at Southwestern University School of Law in Los Angeles, and also a law librarian at the City University of New York.

The owner of several small businesses, Anderson says she is "very in tune with the business community and serving their needs."

She was employed at the Fort Lewis Library three times in various capacities, and currently resides in Vallecito with her two dogs and three cats - not to mention 600 cookbooks and a garden.

As a world traveler, Anderson has extensively explored Australia, South America, Europe and the Middle East. However, the self-described "fanatic" skier concluded that Colorado has the best snow in the world.

"I am utterly, totally delighted to be here," Anderson said happily. "I applied to three different public libraries in Colorado, and I chose Pagosa because it's the most challenging, the most interesting, and has the most potential."

Anderson said she considers libraries to be the absolute heart of democracy.

"An educated population who knows the truth is the only thing that causes democracy to survive. It is crucial to have access to information."

As a library director, Anderson will provide many services; she will be the chief fund-raiser and liaison with the community, making sure the community gets the maximum out of its tax dollars and watching out for the best use of funds. "In short, I direct," she concluded.

"It's about caring for things, making sure everything's good. It's very close to being a good mom."

Anderson has already begun working with the staff at the Ruby Sisson Memorial Library, and will begin full-time work Aug. 1.


Dems host informal get-together

The Archuleta County Democratic Party will have a no-host get-together at Farrago Friday, July 22, from 4:30 to 6 p.m.

The event is open to the public, and anyone interested in gathering to talk politics, or just to socialize, is welcome to attend. There will be no formal program, just the opportunity to discuss local, state and national issues with members of the local party, and to talk to party officers about priorities and programs of the local organization. The party plans to make this a regular event, so look for monthly announcements about date and time.


Arthritis info meeting today

The community is invited to a free presentation, "Arthritis: Causes, Prevention, and Treatments," by orthopedic surgeon Kim Furry and physical therapist Phil Rambo today, July 21, at 6:30 p.m. in the Eolus Room at the Durango Community Recreation Center. Furry and Rambo will discuss causes of arthritis, non-operative and surgical treatments, beneficial and harmful exercises, and will answer questions.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, 25 percent of adults in Colorado and 43 million American adults reported doctor-diagnosed arthritis in 2002.


Indicator report now available

Operation Healthy Communities' new Southwest Colorado Indicator Report is now available.

Pathways to Healthier Communities has been updated. The information is available online at no cost. The Pathways Index has monitored key trends across five southwest Colorado counties since 1999. You will find updated data covering the topics of health care, education, economy, senior citizens, mental health, environment, transportation, arts and culture, families, crime, growth, wages, energy, conservation and housing. All data is broken out into county and community statistics. To access the data, go to www.operationhealthy communities.org under Pathways.

If you would like OHC to make a presentation to your group, call 382-0585.


Pagosa's Past

Fort Lewis or Alaska. No big difference.

By John M. Motter

PREVIEW Columnist

For the past few weeks, we've been reporting on the difficulties faced by the frontier Army when it established Fort Lewis in Pagosa Springs starting in October of 1878.

The main problem facing Capt. Hartz, commander of the new post, was obtaining feed for the 100 or so horses assigned to Co. "D," 9th Cavalry, black troops labeled "Buffalo Soldiers" by their Indian adversaries. Hartz was forced to send the horses to Animas City - later to be known as Durango. Hay fed to the few horses remaining in Pagosa Springs was reduced by half and grain increased.

Finally, on Jan. 26 of 1879, we read orders indicating that the horses and some of the men of Co. "D," 9th Cavalry were being moved to Fort Garland. Orders sent to Lt. J.F. Guilfoyle of the 9th at Animas City informed him that a wagon train under a citizen named Whitney would arrive in a few days to assist with the move. Guilfoyle was informed he could remain in Pagosa Springs only one night because there wouldn't be sufficient hay to remain longer.

Whitney's train of nine wagons had only recently arrived in Pagosa Springs from Fort Garland with supplies for the remainder of winter. The supplies did not include hay or grain for the horses, it being impractical to transport large quantities of forage over such a distance, especially during the middle of winter.

We don't know what route Whitney followed, but know he passed through Ojo Caliente, N.M. We suspect he traveled from Fort Garland to Conejos, from Conejos to Tres Piedras, N.M., from Tres Piedras to Ojo Caliente, from Ojo Caliente to Tierra Amarilla, and from Tierra Amarilla to Pagosa Springs. Such a southerly route would bypass the Southern San Juan Mountains and their winter snow pack. On the return trip from Animas City to Fort Garland, the wagons carried sufficient hay to feed the horses while enroute.

A second officer with the cavalry unit, Lt. Valois, was ordered, if it was impractical to proceed with the wagon train from Ojo Caliente, to take the stage from that point to Fort Garland. From that information, we might conclude that a regular stage ran between Santa Fe, N.M., and Fort Garland by way of Ojo Caliente.

Remoteness and severe winter weather affected more than food for the horses at Fort Lewis. The newly arrived commander, Capt. Dodge of Co. "D," 9th Cavalry, complained in a March 4, 1879, letter to the Postmaster General in Washington D.C.

"Sir; I have the honor to invite attention to the inefficiency of the mail service between the post and the east, and to recommend that said service be increased to at least semi- or tri-weekly mail. At the present, all of the mail comes over the route from Ojo Caliente, N.M., to Animas City, Col."

Dodge admitted that a weekly route had been established between Del Norte, Colo., and Pagosa Springs, the mail carried by foot. "I have yet to see a single letter arrive by it," Dodge said.

The mail from Ojo Caliente was carried horseback, only letters coming through, according to Dodge. Fifteen days were required to communicate with Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and longer for mail going to and from Santa Fe, a distance of 160 miles, according to Dodge.

"Last month a detachment of recruits were sent to my company from Santa Fe in a six mule team," Dodge wrote. "Their descriptive lists were sent by mail. The recruits arrived here just six days in advance of their descriptive lists. A person might almost as well be in Alaska as at Fort Lewis as far as any benefits from the public press are concerned," Dodge said.


Pagosa Sky Watch

Coming soon - Full Sturgeon Moon

James Robinson

Staff Writer

Moon: Today, July 21, night skies over Pagosa Country will be dominated by the glowing white disc of the full moon.

Over the centuries, Native Americans have given the full moon of each month a particular name. In the past, the names helped them keep track of the seasons and were often linked to a special occurrence or seasonal peculiarity. The name was used year after and applied to the entire lunar month in which the full moon appeared.

Many full moon names we use today originate from those given by tribes living in the northern and eastern United States. Those names were passed on to European settlers, and although the settlers sometimes created their own, much of the original Native American nomenclature persists.

The full moon of July is often called the Full Buck Moon, for this is the time of year when the new, velvety antlers on the male deer appear. Other traditions refer to July's full moon as the Full Thunder Moon, because thunder storms are often most frequent in this month. The Farmer's Almanac also calls the moon the Green Corn Moon or Grain Moon. And next month? The Full Sturgeon Moon.

Planets: Jupiter and Venus still dominate the planetary show, and Venus might be best enjoyed as a navigational tool stargazers might find useful in helping them to locate Regulus, alpha Leonis, the brightest star in the constellation Leo the lion.

Between 8 and 9 p.m. look for the brightest object in the sky, low on the western horizon. This bright object is the planet Venus. Just a little lower and to the left of Venus, about the width of one finger held at arm's length against the sky, is faint Regulus. Regulus, a magnitude 1.4 blue-white star, will be faint, but can be found by using binoculars. This may be one of the last opportunities to see Regulus, for the star and it's parent constellation are gradually slipping out of view and will not reappear in the skies over Pagosa Country until winter.


Warm summer evenings can make for long, pleasant nights of sky watching, and Pagosa area sky watchers may want to take the opportunity to peer into the center of our own Milky Way Galaxy near the constellation Sagittarius.

At around 10 p.m., during the next two to three weeks, the constellation holds a prominent position, nearly due south and somewhat low in the night sky.

Sagittarius is an ancient constellation depicting a centaur. Half man and half beast, the menacing Sagittarius points a raised bow and arrow at the heart of Scorpius, the scorpion.

For beginning astronomers, the entire shape of the constellation can be sometimes difficult to discern, but two common asterisms, the "Tea Pot," and the "Milk Dipper" can help.

Sagittarius, due to it's position close to the center of the Milky Way, is rich with many star clusters and nebulae. In fact, the French astronomer Charles Messier catalogued a total of 15 objects in the constellation and his findings show Sagittarius to be one of the richest of all constellations.

Luckily, naked eye sky watchers are able to fully appreciate the richness of the region with a view of the Lagoon Nebula, also known as M8.

The Lagoon Nebula is a vast nebula that covers the area of about three full moons. It is split by a dark rift running down the center, and each half holds many interesting objects. The eastern portion of the nebula holds a recently formed, 25-star, star cluster known as NGC 6530. While the western portion is dominated by two stars. One, a 5.9 magnitude blue supergiant. Although the Lagoon Nebula is visible with the naked eye, binoculars will add dimension the this particularly rich area of the night sky.

And lastly, a truly local phenomena, the lunar standstill at Chimney Rock Archeological Area, will occur Sunday, July 31. During this event the moon will rise between the stone pillars at the site. Reservation and tickets are required for the event and information can be obtained by calling 264-2287.




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Pencil in hand? Write after me:

Rain, cooler for 'Dog Days'

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

If your dog's panting slows a bit for the next few days, it's good news.

These are what are called the Dog Days of Summer and a look at your pet's reaction to weather conditions can be key to what is really happening.

In fact, if you can hold on for just two more days, you could see the first official below 90-degree days in some time.

In fact, if you use local data instead of that from the national Weather Service, you'll see that, surprisingly, there have been no 90-degree days here.

But what about these Dog Days? What's the connection?

Named for Sirius (the "Dog Star"), the "Dog Days" is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11.

In ancient Egypt, the New Year began with the "heliacal rising" (appearing to rise just prior to the Sun) of the star Sirius. It was known as the "Nile Star," or the "Star of Isis" to the early Egyptians.

When they saw it rising just before the Sun, they knew that the "Nile Days" were at hand. The star seemed to return just before the Nile River rose, and so announced the coming of floodwaters. This would add to the fertility to the adjacent lands, and people would open the canal gates to irrigate their fields.

Later, this period was called the "Dog Days" by ancient observers in the Mediterranean, who marked the period as the 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius and the Sun. As both stars rise around the same time during this period, some felt that the combination of the brightest luminary of the day (the Sun) and the brightest star of night (Sirius) was responsible for the extreme heat that is experienced during the middle of the summertime.

Aren't you glad you asked?

Unofficial data show Pagosa Springs receiving .16 of an inch of precipitation in the past week, most of it (.12) on July 17.

Highest temperature recorded here in the past week was 89.7 July 14; the lowest 46.8 the same date.

National Weather Service forecasters are predicting a 20-percent chance of showers and thundershowers locally this afternoon to midnight along with a high temperature of 92 and a low of 51.

The same percentages of precipitation hold for Friday, as do the temperature extremes.

Then comes the "big Saturday cool off." Forecasters see a 30-percent chance of showers and thundershowers and a temperature range from a high of 86 to a low of 53.

Sunday should bring a chance of late-day showers and even milder temperatures - a high of 82 and low of 49.

Monday has only a slight chance of afternoon showers and continuing lower temperatures with a high of 81 and a low of 49.

Tuesday sees a chance of late afternoon thunderstorms and again a high of 81.

Most county river flow charts are temporarily unavailable. The San Juan in downtown was flowing Wednesday morning at 4.21 feet depth (9 feet is flood stage).

Reservoir data indicates Navajo Lake had a depth of 6,076.42 feet on July 19. Full pool in the reservoir is regarded as 6,083 feet.

Inflow to the lake was recorded at 947 cubic feet per second, outflow at 504 cfs.