May 26, 2005
Front Page

River Rescue

10 rafters tossed into watery 6-hour ordeal

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

High water and inexperience nearly turned a family's celebratory rafting trip into tragedy.

According to Greg Ortel, the director of emergency operations at the Archuleta County Sheriff's Department, the 10-person group of novice to intermediate rafters got together Monday evening for some post-graduation, whitewater fun on the San Juan River.

Their trip turned dangerous when floating debris caused the raft to overturn, dumping all 10 passengers into the current, said Captain Mike Valdez of the Pagosa Fire Protection District,

"There were big logs floating down river all over the place," Valdez said.

After the flip, Valdez said, two of the rafters made it to the river bank, and the other eight were stranded on an island.

Pagosa Fire Protection District personnel and the Archuleta County Sheriff's search and rescue team were dispatched to the river near Sunset Ranch and the Ole Miner's Steakhouse several miles east of Pagosa Springs.

The two rafters on the shore were transported to safety by truck.

Ortel said water conditions made a raft rescue of those stranded on the island difficult, so they opted for a highline to accomplish the rescue.

A highline involves stringing climbing ropes well above the current and across the river. The ropes are then configured to create a pulley system and rescuees attach themselves to the line after strapping into a climbing harness and are then hauled across and above the river to safety.

Ortel said his highline expert, Terry Baker, crossed the river and helped shuttle the rafters to safety.

Valdez said this type of rescue can take time, so they sent fire starting materials and MREs (Meals Ready to Eat) over on the highline to help keep the rafters from becoming hypothermic while they waited.

Six hours later, all the rafters were back on shore. Valdez said the rafters were anxious to get home and were hungry but no one was injured.

"They were lucky," Valdez said.

Ortel agreed, and said, "They should not have been on the water with that level of experience and with that many people on the raft."

"This incident was totally avoidable. They shouldn't have been out there, the river is just too high," Valdez said.

Valdez said 14 fire fighters, two trucks, EMS, search and rescue, the sheriff's department and the state patrol all were involved in the rescue operation.

During high runoff, Ortel said, whitewater enthusiasts of all skill levels should exercise caution.

"This is not the time for extreme sports," said Ortel. He said river conditions had almost reached a point where the risk to rescuers would be so great a rescue operation might not be able to bail out those in trouble.

"One thing to remember," Valdez said, "In cases like this they're not only endangering their own lives, but also the lives of their rescuers."

Valdez said rafters or any outdoorsperson should be well prepared when they undertake a trip. He said extra clothes, food, fire starter and an emergency plan are essential to any trip.

"People need to be prepared for any circumstance," Valdez said.

With the season's high flows, tree trunks, large tree limbs and strong currents are just a few of the hazards. Other hazards can lie just below the surface.

According to southern Archuleta county ranch owner, Chris Chavez, the San Juan River has flooded his fields, leaving many barbed wire fences invisible and underwater. He said these submerged fences could pose a serious threat to rafters and kayakers.

Although there was some talk of closing the river to whitewater activities, Archuleta County Undersheriff Bob Grandchamp said the river will remain open but urged all river-goers to use extreme caution.


Officials feel crisis is past for most

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The 5,000 cubic foot per second flow mark on the San Juan River in Pagosa Springs was reached shortly after 1 a.m. Tuesday, but quickly dropped back.

The flow depth, however, has continued creeping up, standing at 7 a.m. Wednesday at 7.61 feet. It had reached 7.8 feet early Tuesday, the highest mark recorded this year.

Altthough snow melt is filling San Juan tributaries to banksfull mode, authorities still see a chance for the river flow to drop within the next 72 hours.

In fact, Russell Crowley, emergency services director for the county, said he and others coordinating data believe the crest was reached - on the San Juan, at least - late Tuesday.

He noted the most seriously affected area in the county seems to be on the lower Blanco River, where 12 homes were evacuated.

Around the county, however, other streams flowed over banks and waters were briefly in areas where they hadn't been seen in years. All of Archuleta County remained under a National Weather Bureau flood warning Wednesday morning despite the slowly receding waters.

Debris lines left as the levels receded indicated the near tragedy in some areas where businesses and homes were scant inches from water line.

The combined runoff of all the streams in the county is pumping water into Navajo Lake at an almost unbelievable 10,909 cubic feet per second with outflow below the dam holding at the maximum 5,042 for the past five days.

Lake level stood Tuesday (the last measurement available) at 6,071.49. Full pool in the lake is accepted as 6,083-plus, a figure that could be reached within 10 days at current flow.

The snow pack above 10,000 feet is still above average for date, standing Wednesday at 61.3 inches at the Upper San Juan Snotel site at an elevation of 10,300 feet. Snow water equivalent in that snow was measured at 35.4 inches - that means nearly three feet of melt yet to run to lower elevation. High temperature at the site was 66.4 degrees at 4 p.m. Tuesday, a temperature which could speed the high country meltdown.

The overnight low at the site was 33.4 degrees.

Despite the lowland flooding evident around the county and the heat index which has stabilized in excess of 80 degrees daytime temperature, there have been relatively few serious incidents to date.

Sandbagging has prevented damage is some areas but was too late in others. Crowley said the county's search and rescue unit and Road and Bridge Department cooperated in sandbagging efforts at key locations under stress.

One ranch at the state line where the San Juan bends toward Navajo Lake, was about 75 percent under water Tuesday. Only the home was high and dry despite ongoing efforts to channel overflow into other areas to protect cropland and grazing areas.

In Town Park in Pagosa Springs waters crept ever higher, with grills, benches and picnic tables in some cases out in the water. One of the two carvings done under contract earlier this year was in the main flow early Wednesday.

High water below the bridge at the east end of town showed a margin at times of about two feet between water surface and bottom of bridge.

At the Hot Springs Boulevard Bridge, flow was lapping onto the Riverwalk at the north end, an area normally 15-20 feet from waterline.

There have been unconfirmed reports of rural bridges out in several locations and one report of a slide closing Buckles Lake Road 3.2 miles north of U.S. 84.

The San Juan, after the 5,020 reading, was back at 4,420 cfs by 7 a.m. Wednesday, the depth at 7.61 feet. By noon it had dropped to 4,060 cfs and the depth to 7.43 feet.

Flood stage in Pagosa Springs is 8.96 feet.

On the lower Blanco, officials said, a horse arena washed out last year was taken again this year.

Blanco flow at 7:45 a.m. Wednesday was 960 cubic feet per second, highest so far this year.

Flow in the Navajo River reached 1,000 cfs early Tuesday, but by Wednesday morning was back down to 490, the consistent reading there, too.

The Piedra River had reached a season high of 4,310 cfs early Monday, but receded to 3,960 at 7 a.m. Wednesday. At the same time, however, depth had dropped from 5.14 to 5.06 but was rising again to 5.08 as the morning reading was recorded.

Area emergency management officials were thanking their lucky stars there had been no precipitation in the past week. Any fall, they say, would have exacerbated flooding conditions because runoff soaked ground would not have held new rainfall.

With that in mind, they are keeping a wary eye on the skies for the critical next four days and, if they can believe the National Weather Service forecast, may have reason for a good feeling.

The forecast through Tuesday sees some cloud cover but no precipitation and with the partly cloudy skies lower daily high temperatures.

The forecast called for a high of 82 under partly cloudy skies today, mostly clear and a low of 35 tonight.

Friday is expected to be breezy with a high of 80 with a partly cloudy nighttime sky and a low of 40.

Saturday should climb a degree to a high of 81, but the overnight low will be back in the low 30s.

Sunday's high is anticipated at 80 with an overnight low under partly cloudy skies of 35.

For the big day of the long weekend, Memorial Day on Monday, mostly sunny skies with a high of 78 are predicted followed by a clear overnight and a low of 36.

Tuesday, the end of the advance forecast, is predicted to be partly cloudy with a high of 79.

Highest temperature recorded in Pagosa Springs in the past week was 82 degrees at 4 p.m. Sunday; the lowest reading 35.5 degrees at 6 a.m. May 19. Highest winds recorded were 24 mph both Monday and Tuesday afternoons.

The last precipitation recorded in Pagosa Springs was .09 inch May 15.

The mean temperature in the past week was 59.3 degrees.


'Go' order for bus barn facility

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

After a 14-month hiatus from the action arena while "confidential negotiations which fell through were ongoing" the planned Maintenance and Transportation (MaTS) facility for Archuleta School District 50 Joint is back on the "immediate action" fast track.

In a special school board meeting Tuesday morning, directors made public the fact negotiations with La Plata Electric for purchase of its property at 8th and Apache Streets had fallen through.

The public was told the parties could not reach a price acceptable to both sides, so the structure designed to house all transportation and maintenance facilities will go back to the area southeast of the current vocational education building on the high school campus.

Steve Walston, the district's maintenance supervisor, said he has talked to the already approved general contractor who is contacting subcontractors for updates on expense items.

"We know there has been an increase in the price of steel," he said, "and we expect some bidders will look for a fuel adjustment in the contracts because of the surge in cost since the project was approved.

"Still," he told the board, "I expect us to be at or under the $1.5 million total cost agreed upon for the project."

While the footprint of the structure will remain the same, he said, the actual location has been moved southeast of the original site.

"Utilizing the upper site," he said, "would have required extensive ditching and at least two retention ponds to control potential flooding from surface runoff."

Moving to the lower end of the bus loop, he said, "will reduce the cost of surface work and site preparation."

He said eight test bores were done on the new site Monday and all had sufficient base and lack of runoff retention to make the area suitable. "The reject depth there was two feet," he said, "while it had been 10 feet and higher at the upper site."

He said the department believes the lower site is outside the flood plain and is looking for a final certification of that. The site selected will be closer to the wetlands test project lying west of San Juan River and the sewer treatment plant.

Asked by board president Mike Haynes how much cost factor increase can be expected, Walston said he expects subcontractors will look for about a 30 percent relief factor in fuel costs; and he expects the general contractor to try to minimize added steel costs with slight structural erection technique changes.

The entire project is designed to eliminate the "unsafe, unsound and outdated" school bus barn adjacent to the elementary school and thus eliminate the continual traffic backups at U.S. 160 and the 10th Street entrance into the school; and to eliminate shipping and receiving from the administrative-intermediate-junior high school campus downtown where trucks making deliveries must maneuver through schoolchildren to reach the storage facility.

The latter is so small as to then require almost immediate transfer to the school for which material delivery is expected.

School officials expect to have initial construction workers on site by June 2.

"We've waited long enough," said director Jon Forrest. "Let's get after it. The sooner we get started , the sooner it will be finished."

Director Matt Aragon agreed. "It is time to see some work take place. Go to it - now!"


EMS pay hiked, new manager due

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

Local Emergency Medical Services will get a much-needed tune-up.

After two unanimous decisions by the Upper San Juan Health Services District board, local EMS workers can expect higher wages and area residents can expect an EMS operations manager in the near future.

The board came to these decisions April 19 after EMS committee chair Brian Sinnott described a "staffing crisis" looming on the horizon.

He said the health services district is having difficulty recruiting and keeping high quality EMS workers because of scheduling, excessive and often mandatory overtime, and less than competetive wages.

Speaking to the board May 19, Sinnott said local EMS wages were lower than regional standards.

For example, a paramedic in Cortez makes $40,000 per year, Sinnott said, while under the old pay scale, a local paramedic made $33,000.

With the board's decision, paramedics will now earn $36,000 per year. Intermediate EMTs will earn $30,250 per year, up from $29,250. And basic EMT's will earn $27,750 per year, up from $27,000.

Sinnott said the increases are still low for the region but will help cultivate a higher caliber of EMS worker.

The EMS manager's position plan suggested by Sinnott and adopted by the board, would seek someone skilled in both the practical and financial aspects of emergency medical services.

Sinnot said a manager with the right financial experience could help fine tune areas of unnecssary fiscal loss and could help ensure a high standard of care through employee assessment and evaluation.

Sinnot said a manager and pay increases would increase local EMS care standards, would tighten finances and would help build "esprit de corp" among the district's EMS employees, noting all of these factors are essential to drawing and keeping quality EMS personnel.

He said he realized his suggestions would add to an already overburdended budget, but that by adding an EMS manager and not outsourcing billing for ambulance services, the money could be recouped and, in the long run, the manager's position would pay for itself.


 Inside The Sun

Mag chloride applications not suspended

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

Last week it was reported the county was suspending mag-chloride operations on roads not in the county maintenance system and on local metro district roads for a period of one year.

The decision to suspend mag-chloride operations has not been finalized. The one-year suspension will be decided during the county's May 31 meeting.

For further clarification, the county's decision on emergency funds will allow the county administrator to expend funds beyond budgeted amount in emergency situations such as fighting a forest fire or sandbagging the river.

Pay-at-the-pump coming for pilots using Stevens Field

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

Soon pilots can pay at the pump. That is just one part of the most recent fuel farm upgrades at Archuleta County's Stevens Field airport.

"It will be a 24-hour, swipe your credit card pump, just like at a convenience store," said tank installation contractor Tylor Hall of Brown-Minneapolis Tank.

"You can just pull up with your plane and fuel up. It's an all day, all night, all weather facility," said airport manager, Rob Russ.

Russ said the 1,000 gallon self-serve tank is one of four new fuel tanks being installed at the airfield.

He said the other tanks include two 15,000 gallon jet fuel tanks, and one 12,000 gallon aviation fuel tank.

Russ said a 3,000 gallon spill containment area will be installed adjacent to the main storage tanks.

He said the new fuel farm should more than double the airfield's current fuel storage capacity, and said the updated fuel farm is part an overhaul of the entire airfield from a Class III airfield to a Class II airfield.

When an airfield changes class, it is governed by a whole new set of standards, Russ said.

Under Class II regulations, the old fuel depot is too close to the runway. Hall added that besides proximity to the runway, the old fuel depot is outdated and does not meet current federal and state fire codes.

But according to Hall, installing new fuel storage tanks is just the tip of the iceberg.

He said new hangars, eight in all, a new fuel depot and a new runway will make Stevens Field part of an emerging network of smaller, localized airports capable of capturing business generated from the new micro jet industry.

Russ said the new facilities will be able to handle the largest corporate jets and even commuter flight aircraft.

"Once you get the runway done," Hall said, "you'll get all the big toys and micro jets."

But Hall added that is was more than just high-end visitors and corporate jets the airfield would cater to.

"It will be like driving a four lane highway into this town," Hall said.

Russ said the upgraded facilities would greatly expand the area's aerial fire fighting and medivac capabilities. He said aerial fire fighting equipment could be in the air over Pagosa in a matter of minutes rather than waiting 15 minutes or more for aircraft from Durango or Alamosa.

Russ said the medical implications of the upgrades were huge. He said patients could be flown directly to Albuquerque or Denver rather than having to go via Durango first.

Hall said his company had slated the fuel farm installation for January, yet frozen ground and cold temperatures forced a delay.

Early spring brought milder temperatures, but mud forced a second delay, Hall said.

With warmer, drier weather, the trucks arrived Thursday and with the installation underway, Hall expects the facility to be up and running in about 30 days.

Russ said the fuel farm project is just one part of a multimillion dollar airfield overhaul project.

According to Russ, 95 percent of the funding will come from a federal airport improvement grant. He said the state will pick up 2.5 percent of the tab while the county will pick up the rest.


High water in San Juan affects local businesses

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The hot springs in Pagosa aren't doing so hot these days.

With unseasonably warm temperatures resulting in high runoff levels in the San Juan River, The Springs Resort's lower level is virtually underwater.

Michael DeGree, the facility's pool manager, said sand-bagging operations began Friday and work crews continued through the weekend extending the sand bag line the length of the property.

DeGree said high flows always creep onto the property, yet he called this year "extraordinary."

"Usually we have one or two pools down below that silt up and have to be dug out," he said. " This year we have four or five."

DeGree said that despite the silt and some of the lower landscaping being underwater there hadn't been any real damage to the business. He said the sandbagging had done a pretty good job at keeping the water back.

"All the structures are sound," he said, "they'll just have to be dug out."

DeGree said he hasn't seen anything like this since 1995, but added he thinks the worst is over.

"It got up really high last night (Sunday), but I think we've hit our peak and it should start coming back down.

"It just got a little too hot too fast," he said.

In the meantime he plans to watch the river and keep an eye on the official CFS reports.

And that's exactly what the local rafting guides are doing.

John Dean, owner of Backcountry Angler and Pagosa Outside and his head boatman, Erik Jorgensen, are keeping a close eye on the river and the flow rates.

Jorgensen said high flows make whitewater sports fun but sometimes they are too high.

"About fourteen years ago they shut us all down," Jorgensen said.

He said when flows get too high rafters and guides have to be careful when passing under bridges. He said they also have to watch for timber coming down the river.

"We haven't had flows like this for six or seven years, and the banks are getting cleaned out," he said.

Jorgensen said this season's high flows haven't curtailed trip schedules, yet they have to be more careful. He said he constantly watches for drifting debris and, depending on the water level, sometimes has to portage around bridges.

He said this year's high flows have transformed many rapids from Class II to Class III, and the Class III whitewater to nearly Class IV.

Jorgensen said he thought the shut-down point for rafting on the San Juan River was at about 7,300 cubic feet per second but said they'll keep watching the river and guiding trips until they hear otherwise.

At noon Wednesday the flow rate was 4,060 cfs in the San Juan River at a depth of 7.43 feet. Reports from the USGS San Juan River monitoring station in Pagosa Springs had been showing a daily fluctuation in cfs, while the depth of the river was gradually inching higher.


$25.96 million budget on school board table

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

A proposed budget totaling $25.96 million for the 2005-06 school year was delivered to school officials for first reading during a special meeting Tuesday morning,

The accompanying appropriation would be $23.45 million if the budget were approved as submitted.

Nancy Schutz, school district business manager, told members of the board of education for Archuleta School District 50 Joint the budget is numbers driven - based on enrollment projections.

With that in mind, she pointed out, her projections based on annual curves, end-of-year numbers and guesswork, "indicate a decrease of one, yes one, in next fall's beginning enrollment."

But, she noted, that includes a limit of 100 in kindergarten and there will be a surge of at least 41 in the high school halls.

Total enrollment is holding steady, she said, but will move from site to site within the district. That could cause some new costs at one building and lower costs in another.

"These shifts in student roll," she said, "can create unexpected demands for teaching needs and curriculum adjustment." Still, she said, "I see no change overall in the enrollment picture or in the financial planning to support it."

Each building principal was asked to outline the key costs going into their budget requests, and all indicated they are basically holding the line.

Kahle Charles, elementary school principal, said the biggest change in his budget was from introduction of a new reading and writing program last year to a new science program for next year. He noted professional development funding is adequate and a Reading First grant has aided tremendously.

Intermediate principal Mark DeVoti said the biggest change in his budget is the special needs program where more students are expected this fall and where an additional half-time teacher may be needed. And, he noted, the addition of a full-time counselor to be shared with the junior high school.

At that site, Principal Chris Hinger said the budget is down from last year, slightly, the major change being a curriculum tracking program and special extras provided by reducing coaching staff assignments by one in each sport. He hopes to be able to add a speech and debate team this year, he said, along with expanded music possibilities.

Bill Esterbrook, outgoing high school principal and new assistant superintendent, said the budget for classroom operations will be down just over $500 from the recently concluded class year. Holding the line is possible this year because textbook needs, which fluctuate rapidly, were not as severe in the planning for next year.

School board members also learned Tuesday the new roof on the junior high school is underway, four truckloads of materials were in the lot and ladders already were going up as the meeting concluded.

That prompted Steve Walston, district maintenance director, to indicate a new plan for building maintenance in the future.

"This year," he said, "the junior high school will be our target school.

"The roof is just one project desperately needed. We also have an asbestos abatement need for the structure before school resumes.

"Already completed is a stoning in of the former biology room, now a hot house for in-school projects, facing on Pagosa Street. Outside plantings will be added to the site to improve sightlines from the street."

Walston said the plan is to follow a transition program with the intermediate school next in line, then the elementary school and last the high school.

At some point soon, Superintendent Duane Noggle added, the district will need to add at least one more person in the maintenance staff as they strive to keep work orders at 90 days or less prior to completion.

Director Mike Haynes, board president, asked other members to study the proposed budget carefully, note any questions they may have, and possibly be prepared for another work session prior to the budget being submitted for final approval at the June 9 board meeting.


Sean O'Donnell gets assistant principal post

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Pagosa Springs High School has a new assistant principal today - Sean O'Donnell - a choice achieved despite two board abstentions on the roll call vote.

In a special executive session beginning 7 a.m. Tuesday, the board - with director Clifford Lucero absent and vacationing in Mexico - split on the choice of O'Donnell.

In the roll call vote after returning from a nearly one hour executive session, senior board member Jon Forrest and the newest member, Matt Aragon, both voted for the nominee.

Directors Sandy Caves and Mike Haynes, the board president, both abstained, giving O'Donnell a 2-0 vote into the position.

Before abstaining, however, Haynes told O'Donnell and the audience he was probably the person most responsible for "what I perceive has become a controversy over this appointment. It is not a personal thing, but I was very surprised when I saw that we were considering appointment of a non-licensed candidate to this key position."

He said Superintendent Duane Noggle "has taken a lot of heat over this proposal and I want it known it was I, not he, who raised the question."

Under current board policy, there is no specific requirement for such licensure. O'Donnell has been working on his principal's license and expects to have it next spring.

The selection committee named to pick the best candidate for the job was aware there are no current licensure requirements and the committee recommended the O'Donnell appointment, fully aware that he was already working toward licensure.

The appointment was on the agenda for the May 10 board meeting but was never called for action. Another candidate for the post was in the audience with a letter indicating the choice was to be made that night.

Haynes then professed he was unaware the letter had gone out and acted to table the appointment and selection committee recommendation pending further study.

That was the decision leading to Tuesday's executive session. Only the board and Noggle were party to the special session.

There are several upshots to the decision, including the fact O'Donnell believes it will take him out of the football head coaching position.

That means the new high school principal, David Hamilton, and the new half-time athletic director, Jim Shaffer, will have to begin an immediate search for a head coach.

And, board action following the decision on O'Donnell will open up a new set of board procedures which will require licensing in hiring, transfer within the district and by definition in board manuals.

Caves read the changes anticipated for the board and public and cited a specific provision that licensure shall apply "specifically to positions not under the mandates of "No Child Left Behind."

Noggle said the move is necessary because the administration "needs clarity and guidance" in its plans for staffing and asked that the new mandates be included in policy changes scheduled for adoption in June.


Health district, Mercy launch

six-month fact-finding mission

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

Upper San Juan Health Service District board members and Mercy Medical Center management agreed May 19 to a formal, six-month fact-finding and consultation relationship.

The decision to go ahead with the partnership was made by a health district board vote of 5-2.

"This is exactly what we need," said Pam Hopkins, district board chair. "I am very excited about this association with Mercy, it will help provide the best possible medical care for the community."

Mercy executive Brad Cochennet said the agreement was the product of earlier discussions between Mercy, the health district board and a special community advisory committee.

Cochennet said those discussions explored whether Mercy could help the Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center evolve into an urgent care center and ultimately a critical access hospital.

He said this formal agreement would provide the basis to do that.

The six month period, he said, would be an assessment, consultation and relationship building stage where Mercy executives would assist with strategic planning, opening the urgent care facility, staffing and integration of EMS.

They would also complete a business practices evaluation that would assess everything from billing and collection practices to information technology needs.

A key component of the agreement is the installation of a Mercy-led consultation team headed by Rick O'Block.

Cochennet said O'Block would act as interim district manager and Mercy's point man on the project.

Under the agreement, the health services board would retain their leadership position.

Hopkins described O'Block as Mercy's trouble shooter.

Hopkins said Mercy's work will be paid for on a time and materials basis of $80 per hour.

Cochennet said this rate and total payment will be capped so as to fall in line and not exceed the health district's current 2005 administration and Mary Fisher budgets.

He called this, "a screaming deal."

Board member Jerry Valade agreed.

Hopkins said the board is still shooting for a July 11 opening date for the urgent care facility at the Mary Fisher Medical Clinic and did not necessarily see this initial agreement with Mercy as an obstacle to the goal.

According to Cochennet, if all goes well after the six month period, the health district board and Mercy will hammer out the specifics of a joint venture and a more extensive plan for 2006.

Those plans would include, among other things, hiring and training a district manager and implementing the critical access hospital plan.


Town extends its 'big box' moratorium

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Springs Town Council voted unanimously Tuesday to extend the town's current big-box moratorium until Aug. 3.

The extension maintains the parameters of the original moratorium which caps retail development projects at 18,000 square feet.

The original moratorium was set to expire May 27 but, with the extension, the town and county now share the same moratorium deadline.

During the session, council members discussed the implications of the extension on "Terry Smith cases."

They determined the moratorium would expire before a case such as this went through all the necessary channels, and therefore there would be a big-box policy in place to deal with the case should one arise.

Terry Smith is the owner of Circle T/Ace Hardware, whose plans for expansion to the 36,000 foot Ridgeview Mall building have been thwarted due to the county's big-box moratorium, capping retail development also at 18,000 square feet.

The pivotal issue in a case such as Smith's is whether the moratorium is aimed strictly at new construction, or whether the square footage caps pertain to both new construction and existing structures.

Town Planner Tamara Allen, said the town council and town administration will meet with the Big Box Task Force to clarify this matter before the moratorium expires and before the town's big-box policy is finalized.

Buoy line's back in the water, but mail problem lingers on

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Like the odor of a long-dead skunk, old issues seem to have a tendency to hang on that makes them hard to get rid of.

Take the infamous buoy line controversy on Village Lake and the incessant changes in postal service commentary with reference to patrons in the Pagosa Lakes area.

The buoy question, at least, appears to have come to an end simply by inaction of the property owners who fought it.

After months of sometimes contentious sessions over installation of the line, citizen complaints, planned solutions rejected and a mandated deadline set for acceptance of a compromise, only three of the homeowners responded by the April 25 deadline (two were negative) and the line was reinstalled.

Buoys are back in the water, new signage warning boaters to keep out of the area behind the line is being readied and the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association says it has followed to the letter the legal opinions of corporate counsel and the insurance carrier.

Still to be ironed out are final terms of indemnification of the association by Pagosa Golf Club in the event of an injury to a boater by an errant golf ball.

The mail (cluster box) problem, however, is not so easily solved and it seems even those in the Postal Service can't arrive at a common opinion.

At stake is the demand of hundreds of residents for mail delivery to cluster boxes so they don't have to make a daily trip into Pagosa Springs.

At first the Postal Service said it was no longer supplying cluster boxes and as a result was providing free mailboxes in town for residents who do not get delivery - but acknowledged the number of available boxes is dwindling rapidly and it might have to go to use of a freestanding mobile unit on site to provide more.

Then came the local postmaster's news that a new administrative officer for the Wyoming-Colorado district had indicated there might be a change of mind by the Postal Service.

It gained impetus when PLPOA received a letter asking that one cluster box setup be moved to provide better access. The postmaster later said he didn't know about the letter and there was no move necessary.

On April 6, Walt Lukasik, PLPOA general manager, met with the postmaster and the county's Dick McKee in reference to plowing and maintenance of cluster box areas.

Lukasik said he was told the state administrator had decided cluster boxes could be installed, but only if the property owners association were to take over responsibility of installation and maintenance of all such installations - new and old - alongside association roadways.

Lukasik said there was reference to 12 installations - and no one explained if that meant 12 boxes in one spot or twelve spots with 12 boxes each.

And then, he said, the postmaster told him the new district administrator had left the job and the replacement "knew nothing of the cluster box problem."

An audience member who said she had asked about a cluster box for her neighborhood, indicated she was told the county would plow access to the boxes only if they are on county-maintained roads.

She said she was told some subdivisions might lose the boxes they have now.

And so the question is still - like the missing check - in postal service hands.


PLPOA owner initiative survey returns called disappointing

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The long-planned "Property Owners Involvement and Input Initiative," designed to let Pagosa Lakes property owners help determine the area's future, is drawing sparse response so far.

Walt Lukasik, association general manager, told directors that 5,000 questionnaires were included in an April 22 mailing.

Through May 12, he said, only 220 replies had been received, calling that a "negative amount" that would make it hard to use as a basis for future plans.

He noted the 220 replies did contain a total of 744 comments indicating those who did respond are involved in community spirit.

In a brief breakdown of answers by category, he said the biggest by far was unsightliness, with 85 such comments.

Others included 38 complaints of visible construction materials in front yards; 24 complained of boats, trailers and RVs parked longer than 3-5 days; 37 cited weeds and noxious wild plants proliferating; 18 requested mandatory landscape planning with PLPOA police powers to make it work; and 12 asked for more aesthetic appearance and keeping with mountain architecture.

In other action May 12, the board:

- discussed at length whether existing subdivision identification signs should be updated, replaced or taken down; or whether each subdivision should have a marker of community pride in its area. Lukasik said many of the eight signs currently in place are in need of repair. Some residents have suggested all be removed. Others want them for all subdivisions. Similar comments were made by board members. Gerald Smith, for example, believes the signs give each subdivision a personality and the program should be continued.

Fred Ebeling, on the other hand, felt keeping the Pagosa Lakes identity more important than designating each subdivision. With an increasingly rare large crowd on hand, director David Bohl, board president, asked for volunteers for a committee to study the question associationwide and make recommendations to the board. Three persons answered the call;

- learned the new solar-powered aerators in Lake Hatcher are running well and have presented no problems to date;

- were told the multiple use agreement between PLPOA and Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District still has not been signed. PAWS, Lukasik said, received recommended changes from its attorney. PLPOA recommended some semantics changes and the pact is back with PAWS counsel; and

- approved a work session, date to be determined, involving the association board and the Environmental Control Commission. ECC chairman Earl Eliason had requested the meeting.


Dutton Ditch pipeline pact to state firm

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District board awarded the Dutton Ditch Pipeline contract to T. Lowell Construction Inc. during a regular board session Tuesday evening.

Carrie Campbell, district general manager, said the district hopes to see work begin soon.

"We fully anticipate construction will begin on this pipeline by summer," Campbell said.

She said she hopes construction will start around the end of June or early July.

Campbell said the district is wrapping up all remaining legal details and a special use permit is needed from the United States Forest Service, but weather and irrigation uses will play key roles in determining the project's start date.

The Dutton Ditch project is a six-mile pipeline that will run through the national forest, along and near Fourmile Road and Plumtaw Road. Campbell said after the water runs the course of the pipeline, it can then be moved to Stevens Reservoir, Hatcher Reservoir or both.

"We can do that now with the open ditch," Campbell said, "but the pipeline allows much more water to be moved more efficiently and more effectively."

She said the pipeline will help reduce failures and maintenance issues particularly during the winter months.

T. Lowell Construction Inc. is based in Castle Rock, Colo.


'Celebrate Independence' Rotary 2005 parade theme

The Rotary Club Independence Parade Committee has selected "Celebrate Independence" for the 2005 July 4 parade theme.

The parade will be held 10 a.m. sharp Monday, July 4.

Application forms will be available at the Chamber of Commerce office by June 8. Deadline for turning in parade applications is June 29. Anyone intending to enter the parade must have an application in by that time. There is no entry fee.

The Pagosa Springs Independence Day parade, stretching from 8th Street to 2nd Street, is one of the largest parades in the Southwest, drawing around 100 entries, with spectators numbering in the thousands every year.



Despite runoff and raging waters, you can fish in Pagosa Country

By James Robinson

Staff Writer

I'm a fly fisherman with two things working against me — high water in the rivers and I don't have a boat for the lakes.

But because I'm stubborn, and I'll fish under almost any circumstances, I loaded up my gear and headed out to some local water to try my luck.

Echo Lake: Fishing from the bank for Large Mouth Bass and Blue Gill has been excellent. Although most catches were small, the action was almost continous with fish taken on both wet and dry flies.

Black, bead-head wooly buggers and scuds size 12 to 14 were extremely successful.

Both the bass and Bluegill nailed size 22 Parachute Adams floated high and dry.

Anglers in float tubes casting into the reed beds also did well.

Williams Lake: According to some of the locals on Sunday, many had never seen the lake higher.

The water was like chocolate milk and full of debris. A Colorado Division of Wildlife field officer said the lake was turning over and the most successful anglers were out in boats.

Being boatless, I cast from shore and did reasonably well, considering the conditions. Black, bead-head Wooly Buggers size 12 to 14, red San Juan Worms and Chamois Leech patterns all worked well for Rainbow Trout in the ten to 12 inch range. The action was better in the late evening, yet there were no risers.

Williams Creek below the dam: Absolute carnage. The water is ripping down the spillway, making it difficult and dangerous to wade or fly fish just below the dam. Two anglers tried short line nymphing near the boulder field at the base of the spillway with little success.

I went about a mile downstream and fished streamers on a Type 6 sink tip line without any success.

The upper Piedra watershed seems virtually unfishable, but persistent anglers working subsurface patterns in the slower pockets might have some success

Farther Afield — San Juan River below Navajo Dam: The current figures from the Bureau of Reclamation indicate flow rates at about 5,000 CFS. The river is fishable by boat but wading during flows such as this can be extremely dangerous.


Chimney Rock season is open

Chimney Rock Archeological Area is open and will remain open until Sept. 30.

Tours of this ancient site of the Ancestral Puebloans who lived here a thousand yeas ago are available. The site is open daily 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m., with tours at 9:30 and 10:30 a.m., as well as 1 and 2 p.m. Tours are $8 for adults, $2 for children 5-11 years and children under five are free.

Learn about this fascinating site and see how these people might have lived. See the magnificent architecture of the Great House and the Great Kiva. Look at the pit house model and imagine living in the past.

Chimney Rock is believed to be the northernmost outlier of the Chacoan culture and has brought archeologists from all over the world.

It is suggested visitors to the site wear comfortable clothes, good hiking shoes and a hat. Bring water to drink and sunscreen for protection. The walking tours generally last two hours with an additional half-hour driving to and from the site.

Chimney Rock Archeological Area is 17 miles west of Pagosa Springs on U.S. 160 and three miles south on Colo. 151. Turn right at the gate and follow the road one-half mile to the Visitors' Cabin to register for the tour. No advance reservations are necessary.

For additional information, call the cabin at (970) 883-535, visit the Web site at www.chimney or contact the area at


One set of prescribed burns done; others possible at week's end

This spring, 1,563 acres of forest lands were burned under prescription in three areas of Pagosa Ranger District of the San Juan National Forest.

These projects are part of the National Fire Plan underway across the nation to make public and private lands safer from wildfire by reducing natural fuels build-up.

Prescribed fire improves the health of ponderosa pine stands by reducing competition from Gambel oak, removing ground litter to expose mineral soil for seed germination, and releasing natural minerals and nutrients into the soil.

Jo Bridges, Pagosa District Ranger said, "We've had excellent cooperation and support within the community as we conduct these burns. We certainly appreciate people's patience with the short-term smoke and road closures associated with these projects."

Prescribed burns were conducted by Pagosa Ranger District personnel with support from Columbine and Durango offices of the San Juan Public Lands, the San Juan Hot Shots, the Archuleta County fire crew, and the engine and crew from Avalanche Wildfire.

The most recent activity occurred Friday in the Kenney Flats area with the burn of 125 acres. This maintenance burn occurred in areas that were burned under prescription in the 1970's.

Conditions permitting, fire managers will continue with burning in units in the Kenney Flats area toward the end of this week. These units are near or adjacent to private lands, including the Alpine Lakes subdivision, approximately 14 miles south of Pagosa Springs and east of U.S. 84.

In late April, the district conducted prescribed burns in the lower Valle Seco (382 acres) and on Mule Mountain (722 acres).

On May 18 and 19, firefighters burned a total of 250 acres in Devil Creek units about 10.5 miles northwest of Pagosa Springs. The Devil Creek prescribed burn consumed slash remaining from thinning treatments in the Turkey Springs fuel treatment demonstration units.

The Forest Service encourages the public to explore the Turkey Springs area to see and learn more about the various methods used to lower fuel levels in areas near private property.

Thinning treatments using mechanical methods, such as hydromowing and chainsaw thinning by crews, continue in units in the Turkey Springs area. For your safety, please do not enter those units recently burned or areas that are actively undergoing thinning treatments.

For additional information, contact the Pagosa Ranger District office at 264-2268.


Attention outdoor enthusiasts: Peak tick season nears

By Lori Maldonado

Special to The SUN

As campers and hikers head into the state's high country during the spring and summer, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment reminded outdoor enthusiasts Monday to take precautions against ticks.

John Pape, an epidemiologist who specializes in animal-related diseases for the department's Disease Control and Environmental Epidemiology Division, said, "By the end of May and early June, tick activity usually is at a peak throughout the mountains, and we always have an increase in reported Colorado tick fever cases in the following weeks."

He said that around 200 cases of tick fever have been reported annually in Colorado over the last 10 years. However, this number reflects only a small percentage of the actual cases that occur.

Pape said persons who become ill following a tick bite should contact their physician to insure it is Colorado tick fever and not something more serious.

He explained that while ticks can be found anywhere, they tend to concentrate on sunny, southern slopes and in areas with grass and low-brush vegetation.

"Ticks do not live in trees and drop on people walking by. They stay low to the ground and when a person or an animal walks by, the ticks latch on and start looking for a place to dig in," he said.

Pape said, "People shouldn't avoid the mountains or outdoor activities because of ticks. However, because embedded ticks can transmit a number of diseases, it's important to be aware that ticks are out there and take a few simple precautions."

He advised persons going to the mountains to wear light-colored clothing, which makes it easier to see the ticks, and to apply a small amount of an insect repellant, especially on the ankles and legs. He warned that the repellant should not be over applied, especially on children.

It is even more important, Pape advised, to conduct regular "tick checks," which are the most effective way of avoiding tick diseases.

"Conduct head-to-toe searches on each other every couple of hours during a mountain excursion, focusing particularly on the neck beneath the hair. On children, it is particularly common to find ticks beneath the hair line and behind the ears," he said.

Tick checks should be conducted regularly because it usually takes ticks an hour to find a place to embed. It then takes 24 hours or more of feeding before an infected tick can transmit enough of a disease organism to cause illness. Therefore, the quick discovery and removal of ticks can prevent illness, he said.

"If a tick is found embedded in the skin, there is no need to panic," Pape said. "Unless the tick is embedded in the ear or another sensitive area, the person should simply pull it out. The recommended method of removal is to use tweezers or fingers covered with tissue paper. Grasp the tick where it has entered the skin and slowly and firmly pull it out in a rolling motion from front to back. Avoid twisting or jerking the tick. When the tick has been removed, wash the bite site with soap and water."

Ticks secrete a type of glue that holds them in place while they are feeding so there may be some resistance but they will come out with steady pressure.

If the tick has made its way into the ear or another sensitive body area, consult a physician about removal.

Other methods of tick removal such as with oil, fingernail polish remover or the heat from a match are not recommended as they may cause the tick to regurgitate into the wound, increasing the risk of disease transmission.

Colorado tick fever is a viral disease that begins three-to-five days after a tick bite and is characterized by fever, chills, severe headache, muscle pain and fatigue. The symptoms generally last three-to-four days; clear up for a day; and then reappear for a few more days. Most people are sick for about a week before recovering, Pape said, explaining there is no treatment for Colorado tick fever.

Other tick-borne diseases not commonly reported in Colorado include Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever; tularemia; tick-borne relapsing fever; and tick paralysis. Lyme disease, the most common tick-borne disease in the U.S., is rarely ever acquired in the Rocky Mountain states, including Colorado.

For a free pamphlet on Colorado tick fever or other tick-borne disease information, call (303) 692-2700.


State plans 'free fishing' June 4-5

By Joe Lewandowski

Colorado Division of Wildlife

If you haven't gone fishing in awhile, or if you want to give fishing a try, you can reel in some fun June 4-5 when fishing is free in Colorado.

The free-fishing weekend is an annual event sponsored by the Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW) and held in conjunction with National Fishing and Boating Week.

"We're going to have great water this year, so this will be a good time to get reacquainted with fishing," says Robin Knox, sport fish manager for the DOW.

Anyone can fish without a license during the two days at any public waterway in Colorado. And there are plenty of places to cast. Around the state there are 2,000 lakes, ponds and reservoirs that hold a variety of trout, bass, walleye, catfish, and many other warm water species; and 10,000 miles of streams and rivers are rated as good-to-excellent for trout.

Every year the DOW stocks more than 3 million catchable-sized trout; in addition, 14 million trout fingerlings are released in reservoirs, rivers and lakes. The DOW also releases 80 million warm-water fry and fingerling fish annually.

"Colorado has 35 different species of sport fish, so we support a variety of fishing opportunities," Knox said.

For more than 100 years anglers have plied Colorado waters, and fishing continues to be one of the most popular outdoor activities. Last year more than 700,000 fishing licenses were sold in the state.

If you do take advantage of the free fishing weekend, please remember that you must follow all state fishing regulations. You can pick up a copy of the rules at your local DOW office or at stores where fishing licenses are sold.

Even after the special weekend, fishing is a bargain in Colorado: kids 15 and under fish for free, an adult license is $20 and good every day of the year.

Anglers can get statewide fishing information at any time at the DOW Web site at, or by calling (303) 291-7534.


DOW urges people: 'Don't stress wildlife'

By Joe Lewandowski

Colorado Division of Wildlife

Don't stress the wildlife

Wildlife face challenges in the spring, so leave them alone.

Spring is a critical and stressful time for wildlife — animals of all kinds are completing their migrations, giving birth to young and recovering from the long winter.

The Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW) asks that people be careful not to cause animals any added stress.

Approaching animals, or touching or moving them can be harmful and dangerous, said Tony Gurzick, assistant regional manager for the DOW's southwest region in Durango.

Some people spot young deer or elk curled up by themselves in secluded areas. That is not unusual. The mothers have not abandoned their young; they are off eating so that they can provide nourishment to their offspring later. Leave the young where they are.

"If someone brings in a fawn or a calf, the animal will probably die. It can only get proper nourishment from its mother's milk," Gurzick said. "Some people worry when they see young animals that are alone. But there is no need to worry. Animals know very well how to take care of their young."

Often people will wonder what to do when they see a young bird on the ground and out of its nest. The best thing to do is to leave the bird alone. Mother birds must leave their young to find food — they will return.

One exception: If you can see the nest and it is reachable, it is OK to pick up the bird and quickly place it back in the nest.

If you see an injured animal, leave it where it is and call the DOW. An injured animal can be dangerous, so do not approach it. If an animal feels threatened there is always a possibility it will attack.

"Wildlife have a remarkable ability to heal themselves," Gurzick said. "The best way for them to recover is if they do it on their own."

In the spring, large animals are shedding their winter coats and often appear ragged looking, explained Pat Tucker, an area wildlife manager in Glenwood Springs.

"They might not look great but there's nothing wrong with them," Tucker said.

Tucker also urges people who live in bear country to be careful about how they take care of their garbage. Bears will seek the easiest source of food and that often leads to conflicts with humans.

"Don't leave pet food or other food-source garbage outside. Put your garbage out the morning of pick-up, and if possible, use bear-proof containers," Tucker said.

In backyards people might find a new family of rabbits or other small animals under a wood pile or beneath bushes. If possible, leave them undisturbed and they will soon move on.

If you see young wildlife, leave them alone. If you see an injured animal, do not approach or touch it; call your local DOW office for assistance.

"If you see wildlife please respect them from a distance," Tucker said. "It's better for them when they take care of themselves."


Library 'mess-up'

Dear Editor:

To the library district board of directors.

I received the memo regarding the additional funds needed for the library building budget.

At first it was with extreme shock and consternation that I tried to absorb the problems you have experienced. Then shock turned to anger and frustration (which I am sure the entire board and the town are experiencing also) to think that this could happen at all.

I have read and reread this memo and have come to these conclusions:

Whoever performed the soil test 17 years ago and the additional new inspection in 2004 were gravely inept with their findings. In addition, the construction management team was way off base with their reported information. I do not know whether the people involved were selected due to a bidding factor, but it remains that several people have "messed up" very badly and should be held accountable for their actions.

I can sympathize with all parties concerned, however, I think it is very bad of the board and the construction parties (inspectors, contractors, etc.) to try and put all of this expense on the people of the town to cover their mistakes.

I think at least one half of this burden should rest on their shoulders, if not all. Had the findings been reported during the planning stage, this could have been included in the budget from the beginning.

It would be of great interest to me if you would respond to my letter. Thank you for letting me express my opinion.

Maggie Benson

 Salute to solons

Dear Editor:

Now that the Legislature has adjourned, it is fitting to take a moment and thank our legislators for their hard work. In particular, thank you to Senator Isgar and Representative Larson for supporting solution-oriented smart energy efficiency policy.

Isgar and Larson voted in support of House Bill 1133 and House Bill 1162, encouraging energy efficiency in Colorado. Improving energy efficiency means reducing the amount of energy used in our state without needing to change our lifestyle. HB 1133 would encourage utilities to implement natural gas efficiency programs like upgrades on hot water heaters or home energy audits.

Natural gas is both costly and uses a great deal of our precious water, so decreasing our dependence is common sense and will move us to a cleaner and healthier energy future. HB 1162 would have set higher efficiency standards for 14 commonly used appliances like commercial freezers and traffic signals resulting in an estimated savings of $535 million per year.

Unfortunately Governor Owens has vetoed HB 1162, but HB 1133 is currently waiting for action by our governor. When passed into law it has the potential to save Colorado households $700 million.

Thank you Senator Isgar and Representative Larson for your support on this issue.

Stephanie Bonin

Energy Advocate

Environment Colorado

 We're in WW III

Dear Editor:

Henry Buslepp (5/29) laments that the reason for honoring fallen U.S. servicemen on Memorial Day after World Wars I and II "seemed so clear then" but that now he doesn't have the same feelings for those who have given their lives in the global (yes, global) war on terror.

He states further that we (the U.S.) are the aggressors - I guess that's because, according to him, America had neither been threatened nor attacked.

I would like to ask Mr. Buslepp on which planet he was living on 9/11/01? Mr. Buslepp, more people - innocent civilians, not military personnel - died as the result of the WTC attack by Muslim jihadists than died in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that took us into WW II.

If you can recall more recent history, you would know that early terrorist attacks against the U.S. began in the '80s (remember the bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut? Bombing of the USS Cole in Yemen? The WTC attack in 1983? The bombing of Khobar Towers in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia? etc.).

Wake up Mr. Buslepp, we're in WW III. It may not be the kind of war you are familiar with, but a global war nevertheless. And if you think you would be safe at the hands of Muslim extremists because you (apparently) don't blame them, you'd better think again - I would guess that you qualify as an "infidel."

Mr. Buslepp, you say Saddam was telling the truth and there were no weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.

Did you not know that Saddam used WMDs (poison gas) against his own people, the Kurds in the early 1980s, as well as against the Iranians during the Iraq-Iran war? So the question that should be asked (and answered) is: What happened to the WMDs? Where is the evidence that they have been destroyed? As recently as within the last six months, an article in the New York Times (not your radical right-wing newspaper, for sure) stated that it is a near certainty that Iraq moved WMDs into Syria and Lebanon at night, with the help of the Russians, in the days before the invasion of Iraq while the U.S. was allowing additional time for the UN inspection team to look around. For the New York Times to print such a story, they must have good evidence to back them up.

Mr. Buslepp, no thinking U.S. citizen would deny you your right to think, speak and write as you do but that right was secured and is guaranteed by those servicemen who died in past wars and, yes, even though you don't agree, the current war against Islamic fundamentalist terrorists. I hope you will think a little more clearly and include those men who have died in the war on terror in your Memorial Day prayers and remembrances.

Larry Dunn

 Witness needed

Dear Editor:

My wife and I are thankful to the Pagosa Springs paramedics, the first responders from the fire department and the three motorists who stopped and gave assistance to me last Thursday, May 19, after my bicycle crash on Piedra Road.

If any of the witnesses has information about the cattle carrier who forced me off the road, we would appreciate them calling Trooper Sanders at the Colorado State Patrol at (970) 385-1675.

Jim and Karen Gavic

 Remember patriots

Dear Editor:

It's Memorial Day, the day of remembrance for all who have given their life in battle for America. Our heroes are dead. They died for liberty - they died for us.

They are at rest. They sleep in the land they made free, under the flag they rendered stainless, under the solemn pines, the sad hemlocks, the tearful willows, the embracing vines. They sleep beneath the shadow of the clouds, not caring if it's sunshine or storm, each in a windowless palace of rest.

Earth may run red with other wars - they are at peace. In the midst of the battles, in the roar of conflicts, they found the serenity of death.

This is the day where their ghosts sit at a table more numerous than the living, and on this day when we decorate their graves - the dead come back and live with us.

Right or wrong, as long as there are wars, there will be veterans and casualties. We will still decorate the graves of those heroes whose bodies came home and remember those who did not.

Do not stand at their grave and cry, they are not there, they did not die. They are not dead who live in hearts they leave behind.

Remember your patriots America! They are the reason you are free. It is their day.

Jim Sawicki


Community News

Meet the SJOC scholarship winners

By Patti Blide

Special to The SUN

This year the San Juan Outdoor Club presented three scholarships of $1,000 to some of Pagosa Springs High School's best.

The scholarship committee made up of Gary Hopkins (chair), Sara Scott and Patti Blide, all former teachers and/or principals, walked away from the interviews with tears in their eyes.

Yes, the world is destined to become a better place, what with the likes of Christopher Nobles, Kelli Ford and Jesse Morris. We want you to meet them.

Christopher Nobles, who started up a Korean martial art (Gumdo - "The art of the sword") here in Pagosa Springs writes: "Martial arts have instilled upon me a great deal of discipline and respect, through which I have witnessed other people in the class change and develop into amazing individuals Š Gumdo has connected the entire class into a large family. We now have schools in Durango, Bayfield and Aztec Š In my high school, the teenagers who participate in the Gumdo class are noticeably different than others. They are physically fit, confident, focused, have a sense of purpose, and high morals." Chris plans to attend Colorado School of Mines and to major in Chemical Engineering.

Kelli Ford, this year's PSHS Outstanding Senior Girl, has been accepted at Fort Lewis and Colorado College writes:

"I enjoy activities, I enjoy pushing my boundaries, I enjoy challenges, and love meeting new people Š I believe helping my community comes down to small continual habits and ways of life we create for ourselves. I went for a walk the other day. I strolled five miles down Fourmile Road on an evening walk to town. While walking, I picked up trash and periodically deposited it into people's trash cans along the way. There was never a time I didn't have trash in my hands. I learned something. I learned that helping maintain my environment does not have to be a righteous, labor-ridden endeavor. It can be something as simple as taking a walk." Kelli plans to major in archaeology.

Jesse Morris, who enjoys class ranking of No. 1, with plans to attend Colorado College writes: "In my junior high years, I was part of an organization that lobbied for bills affecting youth in my state. This experience turned me away from childhood dreams of being president and instead placed me on a path toward becoming an environmental lobbyist in the Congress of the United States ... being a lobbyist in a private environmental firm enables you to work with every single senator and representative on critical issues, ranging from regulation of state parks and their related activities, to the allocation of taxpayer's money to alternative energy sources ... I would be making an impact on communities around the country, not just the one I live in." Jesse plans to major in international affairs, political science and environmental issues.

Five Pagosans earn top honors

at Fort Lewis

Five former Pagosa Springs High School students received degrees from Fort Lewis College at spring commencement April 30.

Pagosans receiving bachelor's degrees (with majors and honors) included: Andrea Ash, interdisciplinary studies-elementary education, magna cum laude; Jodie Blankenship, English-communications, cum laude; Amber Brown, English, cum laude; Robin Davis, psychology, magna cum laude; and Michael Pierce, business administration-marketing, magna cum laude.

Five hundred eighty-nine students participated in spring commencement exercises.


American Legion Post taps

Carmen Miller as new commander

Carmen Miller was sworn in May 11 as commander of Mullins-Nickerson American Legion Post 108 in Pagosa Springs.

Earlier in the month, she had been sworn in as senior vice-commander for 10th District of Colorado American Legion.

Americans throughout the years have willingly fought and died for freedom. Commander Miller has rededicated her pledge to veterans, especially the disabled, the distressed, their widows and orphans.

Miller said, "We welcome all war veterans to join the American Legion which continues service to community, state and nation."

American Legion Post 108, Miller said, "wants to thank those who have blessed us by serving their country, and urges all to fully support our troops."


Intermediate school name stop scholars for full year

Twelve fifth-graders and 20 sixth-graders have been named to the All-A honor roll for the 2004-2005 school year.

The list, released Monday by Principal Mark DeVoti, includes:

Fifth-graders Matthew Baker, Leslie Baughman, Zachary Brinkman, Alexandra Fortney, Brandy Fowler, Mary Haynes, Mitchell Higby, Samantha Hunts, Natasha Medici, Austin Miller, Kristi Plum and Eli Velasquez.

Six-graders Kelsea Anderson, Amanda Barnes, Briana Bryant, Kayla Catlin, Gabrielle Dill, Shea Johnson, Joshua Long, Kelsi Lucero, Viridiana Marinelarena.

Also, Christopher Martinez, NaCole Martinez, Kaitlin Mastin, Danielle Pajak, Cy Parker, Crystal Purcell, Kimberly Rupp, Garrett Stoll, Sienna Stretton, Sarah Stuckwish and Thomas Watkins.

At the same time, DeVoti released the regular 2004-2005 honor roll (No grades lower than B).

The list of top students includes 52 fifth-graders and 40 sixth-graders.

The fifth-graders cited are Mattie Aiello, Kyle Anderson Andresen, Sydney Aragon, Sigifredo Araujo, Moses Audetat-Mirabal, Tiffany Bachtel, Nate Bard.

Also, Laura Bell, Sarah Bir, Saje Brinkman, Evan Brookens, William Brown, Torey Bybee, Jerica Caler, Caitlin Cameron, Kyle Danielson, Angel Denison, Brooklyn DuCharme.

Also, Shelbie Edwards, Liam Frey, Karis Fritzsche, Zoe Fulco, Dylon Garcia, Gregory Griswold, Brooke Hampton, Alexandra Herrera, Sierra Hewett.

Also, Zachary Irons, Daniel Martinez, Ashley McGowan, Katelyn McRee, Bryan Miller, Charisse Morris, Desiree Pastin, Eurisko PeBenito, Daniel Puskas.

Also, Kalie Ray, Reahna Ray, Michael Reynders, Samuel Romain, Tyson Ross, Kelsy Sellers, Danny Shahan, Jonathan Shirk, Destiny Soto, Tori Stohecker.

Also, Robert Swenson, Silas Thompson, Mariah Vasquez, Sarrisa Wall, Jennie White and Rebecca Zeller.

Sixth graders with no grade lower than B for the full year include:

Luke Baxstrom, Christopher Brown, Ashley Calhoun, Ryann Charles, Cheyann Dixon, Denise Espinosa, Andrea Fautheree, Michelle Garcia, Shaun Jackson.

Also, Mitch Johnson, Hope Krogh-Forman, Mele LeLievre, Taylor Loewen, Zachary Lucero, Cody Madsen, Michael Mathias, Tayler McKee, Bridget Mechanic.

Also, Brittany Mechanic, Dakota Miller, Lukas Morelock, Caitlin Mueller, Jordan Neuleib, Rocio Pal ma, Roxana Palma, Mareyna Pillard, Erika Pitcher, Sierra Riggs.

Also, Ernest Romero, Paige Rosebeck, Randell Rudock, Shelby Schofield, Rachel Snow, Justine Smith, Kayleen Smith, Paige Swinehart, Jefferson Walsh, Maegan Walters, Nicholas Zeller and Ashlyn Zubillaga.

Fiber Festival theme is 'From Fleece to Fashion'

By Pauline Benetti

Special to The PREVIEW

Where can you take the entire family for a fun-filled weekend of activities that is educational, free and provides tasty food and music?

Try the 2005 Pagosa Fiber Festival this weekend at the Archuleta County Fairgrounds. Hours are 9 a.m.-5 p.m. Saturday and 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Sunday. It is too late to sign up this year for workshops in the fiber arts, but there is always next year.

The annual Fiber Fest not only gives breeders of fiber-producing animals the opportunity to show and sell their stock, but also provides a venue where the general public can observe all aspects of the fiber industry - from caring for and shearing their livestock, to processing the fleece, to the production of finished goods - all in one place.

It also gives the public an opportunity to purchase fiber-related products ranging from raw fleece, to yarn, to spinning wheels, to one-of-a-kind handmade fashions. In essence, visitors can see the entire process, from fleece on the animal to fashion in your wardrobe.

For the livestock enthusiast, the 2005 fest will feature alpacas, llamas, different types of sheep, Scottish Highlander cattle, mohair-producing angora goats, and fuzzy French lop rabbits. Visitors will have the opportunity to learn many aspects of raising fiber-bearing animals by talking with participating breeders, and will be able to view firsthand how goats and sheep are sheared during the shearing demonstrations featured throughout the day both Saturday and Sunday.

Two new and featured events for this year's festival are the annual meeting of the Navajo-Churro Sheep Association (which includes their annual fleece and animal competition) and the first Navajo Rug Auction featuring 200 rugs straight from the Navajo weavers. This event will begin 5 p.m. Sunday.

Registration for the auction begins 3 p.m. The rugs are on display both Saturday and Sunday 11 a.m. -4 p.m.

The rare Churro sheep is making a comeback from near extinction with 3,000 registered animals. Its long, silky and strong fleece is very much prized by Navajo weavers for creating the very best rugs.

So what happens to the fleece once it's been shorn from the animal? Well, this is where the festival is truly a showcase. Fiber artists from the Four Corners area and beyond will converge on Pagosa Springs to display their skills.

Spinners will be on hand to demonstrate how to card, sort, and spin fiber. The spinning process itself is done by using either the traditional "drop spindle", or by the more familiar spinning wheel, and artisans will explain how fibers are sorted, blended, spun, and plied to create colorful yarn.

Knitters, crocheters, and weavers will discuss and demonstrate ways to utilize the finished yarn. Knitting and crocheting result in a relatively "loose" material, whereas weaving results in a "tighter" material that can be cut and sewn, although many woven products simply come off the loom as finished goods.

And that's not all. Many people cannot afford the sometimes expensive equipment required for spinning and weaving, nor do they have enough time to commit to a long-term project.

That's where another fiber art comes in - felting which, by definition, is the non-chemical binding of natural fibers through the application of hot, soapy water and pressure.

It requires no specialized equipment, so is an ideal craft for both novice and more advanced artisans. Felting demonstrations will occur periodically during the course of the festival.

A fashion show will be held Saturday afternoon, as a fitting tribute to the theme of "From Fleece to Fashion" that the Pagosa Fiber Festival embodies. A complete schedule of events follows.

For further information about the Pagosa Fiber Festival, contact Pauline Benetti 264-5232 or e-mail


Fiber Fest Schedule of Events

Saturday, May 28

9 a.m.-3 p.m. - The Wacky Knitwits, a club of junior knitters knitting and showing off interesting items at the Knitting Table.

9 a.m. - Arlene Burkhard demonstrates the art of Crochet; stage.

9:30 a.m. - Tom Barr will shear every half-hour; raised platform outside; begins again at 1:30 pm. Guest appearances during the day by Sharon White, who shears by hand.

10 a.m. - Barbara Witkowski demonstrates weaving; stage.

10 a.m. - Dr. Jim Burbach presents "Alpaca 101 and Fiber Genetics 101 1/2"; Navajo Lake Alpacas booth in the Big Tent; learn about alpacas, alpaca ranching and the genetics of fleecy type, color and quality.

10 a.m. - Navajo Churro Sheep Association sheep competition in the Churro Tent.

10 a.m.- 5 p.m. - Display of Navajo Rugs (partial supply) in the south room.

11 a.m. - Jean Carson demonstrates natural dyeing; south room kitchen.

Noon - Lois Burback demonstrates felting in her booth.

1 p.m. - Pam Ramsey demonstrates spinning with the Navajo Spindle; stage.

1 p.m. - Navajo Churro Sheep Association fleece competition in Churro tent.

1:45 p.m. - Jan Jackson demonstrates the spinning wheel in her booth.

2:30 p.m. - Pam Dyer demonstrates locker hooking in her booth.

3:30 p.m. Fashion Show with fashions provided by fiber artists and vendors; stage.

3:30 p.m. - Dr. Jim Burback (repeat of 10 a.m. talk).

Sunday May 29

9 a.m - Jamie Sharp demonstrates the spinning wheel in her booth in the big tent.

9 a.m. - Tom Barr shears every half-hour on raised platform outside; begins again at 1:30 p.m. Guest appearances during the day by Sharon White, who shears by hand.

10 a.m. - Kelsey Dyer demonstrates needle nelting; stage.

10 a.m. - Dr. Jim Burbach - Presents "Alpaca 101 and Fiber Genetics 101 1/2" - Navajo Lake Alpacas booth in the Big Tent; learn about alpacas, alpaca ranching and the genetics of fleecy type, color and quality.

11 a.m. - Lindsay Morgan demonstrates weaving; stage.

11 a.m.-5 p.m. - Display of Navajo Rugs; south room.

Noon - Joe Keller demonstrates knitting without needles in her booth.

1 p.m. - Claire Walker spins using the drop spindle in her booth.

1 p.m. - Sam Cunningham Presents "Avoid Putting Square Sheep in Round Pens; how to choose sheep for particular purposes."

2 p.m. - Kathy Bright demonstrates use of the spinning wheel in her booth.

3 p.m. - Arlene Burkhard demonstrates her knitting machine; stage

3-5:00 p.m. - Registration for Navajo Rug Auction; south room

3:30 p.m. - Dr. Jim Burbach (repeat of 10 a.m. talk)

5 p.m. - Navajo Rug Auction begins; north room


Tanya Hester: An active mind at work

By Erin K. Quirk

Staff Writer

It has been said that idle hands are the devil's workshop. If that is true then ceramic artist Tanya Hester's hands are as holy as they come.

The petite 27-year old has lived in Pagosa Springs a little less than a year. She chases hot air balloons for a living, builds 12-foot ceramic totem poles, fires ceramic dolls in her kiln and dresses them in found-art outfits. She occasionally sculpts in bronze and once wove herself a 6-foot square carpet out of thousands of inch-long fabric strips because she needed an area rug. The rug weighs about 50 pounds and used at least 60 yards of fabric.

"I don't sit down much," said Hester who jumps out of bed at 5:30 am and hits the ground running.

Hester recently submitted a proposal for the public art piece set to accompany the new Mercy Medical Center complex in Durango. If she is chosen, she plans to build six-foot sculptures out of architectural ceramics that are "friendly silhouettes of recognizable people." She is waiting to hear if she has been chosen but she said if she isn't, she'll just try again.

Hester graduated from the University of South Florida with a bachelor's of fine arts degree. For her thesis, she envisioned a ceramic piece so large and elaborate that her teachers said she couldn't do it. It seems comments like that are her muse.

She built a nearly 12-foot tall ceramic totem pole composed of five different figures perched on each other's shoulders. The piece is entitled "Room for Growth" and took her nine months to complete. The piece was featured at the university museum and she said graduate students who saw it assumed she was in their program.

"Even my instructors were amazed," she said.

The piece is as interesting as the process required to build it. Hester, who has studied Native Americans of the Northwest Coast and the Aztecs, calls it a "personality totem." She said each of the five figures represents aspects of her own personality or those she is drawn to.

At the base is a 3-foot wide "tree trunk" base. Atop it is a turtle shell with one of Hester's signature faces peeking out. Hester likes masks and faces and many of them peek from around her house and studio. The next figure is a bird, whose thousands of feathers Hester molded and cut individually before sticking them on the body. Hidden behind the bird's beak is another face. The man sitting on the bird's shoulders is unzipping a mask from his own face.

The next two figures, amalgams of a dinosaur and lizard then a woman and manta ray, perch even higher on the piece, and on top is dog on the lookout - striking a Buster Keaton pose.

"All the faces or characters are basically me," she said. "I call it 'Room for Growth' because hopefully we always change and learn."

But ceramic is a delicate medium. One false move and those thousands of bird feathers could become ten thousand on the floor. Amazingly, Hester used absolutely no math to align the pieces and yet somehow the entire totem stands arrow straight. One of the five figures in the piece was too large to move in an out of the kiln for firing, so Hester sculpted him inside the kiln.

"Nine months later I gave birth to this 12 foot sculpture, then I got scared," Hester said about having to construct it for a show. "I amazed myself. I thought, I can't believe I did that."

Other smaller ceramic figures grace Hester's home and studio and they share a common theme. The bodies on most of Hester's people are misshapen, as though years of disappointment and gravity have taken their toll.

"I'm not into symmetrical perfection but I'm into detail," she said about her style.

Hester is undaunted by whatever her imagination throws at her and determined in the extreme. Throughout her studio is evidence of an active mind at work. Once she decided to try her hand at ceramic tile. Not content with the square pieces everyone else builds she made round ones - 750 of them to be exact.

"People told me it wouldn't work, but it did," Hester said, showing a photograph of the shower she designed with the round ceramic tiles laid in it to look like shiny pebbles.

Hester and her father, who has begun working in ceramic as well, moved to Pagosa Springs from Florida because she felt like she was out of touch with nature there. They loaded up all their belongings, a dog, and a bird and spent four days driving to Pagosa. At the house they rented, she converted her walk-in closet to a bedroom and uses the rest of the space for her work. The closet ceilings are now draped with fabric and she calls it her "tent." In her studio headlines about Bigfoot are clipped from the Weekly World News and the corkboard over her desk is rife with photos, half sketches and snippets of ideas.

"I'm not eccentric yet, because I don't have the money to back that up," she said with a laugh.

Her latest project was a series of ceramic cacti with her trademark faces. Because they are part plant, part human she calls them "Hybrids." Each spine on the 12-inch cactus sculptures was handmade from clay and poked into the cactus bodies. Hester is also fascinated by bronze and figures if she can calculate the exact shrinkage of ceramic, she'd like to mix the two media.

Hester will exhibit some of her work at the Underground Art Show June 3 at Steamworks Brewery in Durango. For more information or to contact Hester call (970) 946-6492.


Fair events to feature Four Corners Draft Horse and Mule Association

By Jim Super

Special to The PREVIEW

Summer provides a banquet of pleasurable activities. The beautiful surroundings of Pagosa along with its fresh air, moderate temperatures and abundant sunshine are a treat for residents and visitors as well. The summer also brings with it traditions that we look forward to such as the Fourth of July celebrations, reunions, and of course the annual Archuleta County Fair.

The Opening Ceremony-Wild West Fest Aug. 4, will start the celebration to commemorate the 53rd annual Archuleta County Fair. Our aim is to celebrate our western heritage. To help us achieve this goal, members of the Four Corners Draft Horse and Mule Carriage Association have generously provided their talents to assist with the festivities. Many of the readers may not be familiar with this group.

That included me, until I met with the event coordinator, Bob Cooper.

Cooper told me the group was founded in the early 1970s by a group of farmers and ranchers. Their interests were in preserving the uses of draft horses in agriculture and recreation. The group currently has 72 members and it welcomes new ones. You do not even need to own a horse. The group's emphasis is community fellowship, fun for all age ranges and family oriented activities. Some of the association's events include potlucks, play days and educational activities.

At the fair, the Four Corners Draft Horse and Mule Carriage Association will participate in many events, including the opening ceremony festivities, in full regalia . The horsedrawn carriages will enter the area, carrying our fair royalty as passengers, and will tour the grounds for all to see. There will be a cost-free petting zoo, with large and small workhorses and a representative to speak about and answer questions regarding the horses.

Contests and judging will be the big draw Saturday, Aug. 6. The Halter class incorporates 28 separate classes of horse, with all sizes and shapes judged on confirmation, handling and performance. Driving events will be showcased as well, with wagons going through various obstacles with a single horse or in teams, judged by skill and dexterity. A hilarious spouse/family competition called "Farmer Brown Goes to Town" is an event you will not want to miss. A person must drive the wagon through obstacles and collect items on a list from the feed store, mercantile and the like, then be judged on their time management and directional prowess. Fortunately, the pressure is off with games geared for the youngsters; every child who participates wins a prize, and it is free. If you are interested in registering, you may do so the day prior to the event or on the day of the event before 10 a.m. Registration is $10 per class. Award ribbons will be given for wagons and teamsters, and a peoples choice award will be presented.

If you are inclined to learn more about the association or would like to join, a booth will be set up in the education tent and a member will be pleased to help you. Any business or organization wanting to sponsor the association should contact Bob Cooper at (970) 749-5133. The fair board is proud to have the Four Corners Draft Horse and Mule Carriage Association as part of the program and wish to extend our gratitude to them.

For information on upcoming fair events, refer to upcoming issues of The Pagosa Springs SUN and go to the fair's Web site:

We hope to make this year's fair experience the best yet!

 American Roots Music Festival set June 18

Elation Center for the Arts kicks off its American Roots Music Festival in Pagosa Springs, Saturday, June 18, at Vista Clubhouse.

The theme for this full-day family event is "Early American Heritage," featuring bluegrass and old-time American musical styles, with a special focus on the five-string banjo. American Roots Music Festival continues with "Early Blues and Jazz," July 24, featuring John Graves and Dan Appenzeller; and "International Music and Dance,"Aug. 28.

One of the featured groups for the June 18 festival is String Theory, which performs traditional folk music and bluegrass. The group consists of Pagosa musicians Lincoln Frye on dobro, Brian Smith on banjo, Charles Brannon on mandolin and guitar, Dan Fitzpatrick on bass, and Ron Sutcliffe on mandolin and guitar.

The festival includes free children's concert and workshops in the morning, and a variety of exciting presentations, afternoon through evening. The fee for the afternoon and evening events is $8; children free. Here is the schedule:

9-9:30 a.m. - Free toddler class, ages 2-4. Bring your baby. This is a fast-paced, fun introduction to music and dance with Paul and Carla Roberts.

10 a.m. - Free children's workshop with Paul and Carla Roberts and friends. An engaging program of instruments, songs and dances of early America. Participants will learn a group dance and a song to perform for the children's concert following the workshop. Young musicians who already play mandolin, fiddle, guitar or banjo are encouraged to bring their instrument for a kid's hoedown.

11 a.m. - A free, American Roots Children's Concert. Featuring lively banjo tunes and foot stompin' old timey music, this concert celebrates our American music roots. With Johannah Laverty, Lincoln Fry and friends, Paul and Carla Roberts and more. An $8 fee applies to the rest of the day; children 12 and under admitted free.

1-4 p.m. - Workshops to be announced.

4-6 p.m. - Community jam session and open mike. If anyone plays, this is a great opportunity to plunk out some tunes. Are you a closet player? Bring your instrument and join in.

6:30-7:30 p.m. - Banjo Extravaganza, hosted by Paul Roberts.

8 p.m. - Evening concert featuring String Theory, Paul and Carla Roberts, Johannah Laverty and others.

American Roots Music Festival is the brainchild of Paul and Carla Roberts. The Roberts just finished coordinating the Ancient Cultures project at Pagosa Springs Intermediate School under the auspices of Elation Center for the Arts. Elation Center is a local nonprofit dedicated to the preservation of folk music and dance.

For further information call 731-3117. Vista Clubhouse is located at 230 Port Ave. Take U.S. 160 to Vista Blvd. Turn Right on Vista and left on Port.


'Oklahoma!' readied for five Booster productions in July

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

"Oklahoma!" the upcoming Pagosa Springs Music Boosters' production to be presented on July 1, 2, 7, 8 and 9.

It was Rodgers and Hammerstein's first musical collaboration. It opened in 1943, and was based on a play called "Green Grow the Lilacs," by Lynn Riggs.

"Oklahoma!" is very different from the musicals which preceded it. Traditionally, they consisted mainly of songs and comedy, with very little plot. And often the songs had almost nothing to do with the story.

"Oklahoma!" however, does have a plot. And the songs either help move the plot along or help the audience understand the characters. The story is full of fun, but it also has a provocative and serious side.

The show played on Broadway for 2,248 performances, breaking every record for shows up until that time. It also won the Pulitzer Prize for drama in 1944.

As presented by the Pagosa Springs Music Boosters, "Oklahoma!" promises to offer all of the elements that made this show a classic: beautiful music, vigorous dancing, an engrossing and powerful story, colorful costumes, spectacular sets, and a cast richly capable of delivering the joy and emotion of this cherished masterpiece.

Reserved seat tickets may be purchased at the Plaid Pony in Pagosa Springs. They are $12 for adults, $10 for seniors over 60, and $6 for students and children.

For tickets or more information, call Michael DeWinter at 731-5262.


Children's Ministry ... "It's not our hobby"

By Virginia Humphreys

Special to The PREVIEW

It is a priority at Restoration Fellowship to partner together with parents, leaders and pastors to equip and empower a generation of young people in acquiring a passionate pursuit for Jesus.

It is not in the DNA of the Children's Equipping Center to develop "polished" programs which entertain young people weekly. We strategically and intentionally develop ministry opportunities that train young people to walk out their lives immersed in the awesome power and ministry of the Holy Spirit.

At the very core of the Children's Equipping Center is our mandated mission to see children assisted, equipped and empowered to walk in the present and future power, character and knowledge of God.

With godly passion and a holy fire, we exist to mobilize the next generation, and those called to lead them, in truths that will equip them to live with a passionate love for Jesus while living in the current times and seasons.

It is our hope that you will join us in support of the mighty work of God and adopt some of what we hold as values for your family, ministry and congregation. Thank you for allowing us the opportunity to serve you, your family and your church.

Our prayer will always be to see a generation of young people raised up to walk victoriously in the Kingdom of God while learning and experiencing the reality of being a "Friend of the Bridegroom."

Join us 9 a.m. Sunday, June 9, as Pastor Lenny La Guardia from International House of Prayer in Kansas City speaks at Restoration Fellowship, 264 Village Drive. Phone is 731-2973.


All-star benefit Friday features top local talent

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

Rio Jazz, (Pagosa's phenomenal jazz quartet of five years ago) will reunite 7:30 p.m. Friday, in the Pagosa Springs High School Auditorium, to participate in an all-star benefit performance to support music education in Pagosa's schools.

They'll be featured along with Bluegrass Cadillac, the Hot Biscuits, The Community Choir Jazz Ensemble, and a host of outstanding soloists, dancers, and groups, in an exciting evening of amazing talent called "Kaleidoscope!"

This extraordinary vocal and instrumental talent pool ranges from professional to student, young to mature, jazz to country, with several reprises of show stopping performances from past musicals which have graced the high school auditorium stage.

These include "The Hills Are Alive...," "Fiddler on the Roof," "Footloose," "Fame" and this year's smash hit, "Beauty and the Beast."

Comprising this versatile cast are Lee Bartley, D.C Duncan, Bob Hemenger, and John Graves (Rio Jazz); Dan Appenzeller, Bob Hemenger, and Susanna Ninichuck (Hot Biscuits); and Clay Campbell, Randall Davis, and special guests Chris Baum and Jesse Morris.

Joining this stellar roster are vocal artists Mark DeVoti, Larry Elginer, Danae Holloman, Roger Jensen, Suzie Long, Bob and Michelle Thom, Don Weller (with Doo Wop backup by Matt DeWinter, Michael Spitler, Jesse Morris and Chris Baum).

The Jazz ensemble consists of Morgan Anderson, Joe Davis, Larry Elginer, Suzie Long, Pam Spitler, and Don Weller, with special guest sopranos Danae Holloman and Christine Morrison.

Student performers include James Abbott, Randi Andersen, Ashley Angell, Chris Baum, Sara Baum, Taryn Burnett, Hannah Clark, Natalia Clark, Kelly Crow, Ben DeVoti, Matt DeWinter, Katie Erickson, Amber Farnham, Darran Garcia, Nikki Kinkead, Hilary Matzdorf, Tiffany Mayne, Tim McAllister, Jesse Morris, Christine Morrison, Kyle Peterzen, Samantha Ricker, Becca Stephens and Chelsea Taylor.

Musical accompaniment will be provided by Melinda Baum, Jesse Morris, Alex Baum and Dave Kruger.

Tickets are priced at $10 for adults and $5 for students, and may be purchased at The Plaid Pony, The Pagosa Springs Chamber of Commerce, the Methodist Church, and at the door, if available. Since the recent production of "Beauty and the Beast" was sold out for two out of three performances, there will be probably a huge demand for tickets, so get yours early!

For more information, call Melinda Baum at 264-5404.

This particular aggregation of talent is a once-in-a-lifetime event. Don't miss it!


'Waking Ned Devine' at film society May 31

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

"Waking Ned Devine" takes place in the picturesque Irish village of Tulaigh Mohr (or Tully More), population 52. There happens to be a winning lottery ticket somewhere in the village, and a campaign is instigated to root out the luckiest resident.

This leads to the idea of a chicken dinner for the 18 biggest lottery players in town, and a funny thing happens: one chicken dinner goes unclaimed.

It was intended for Ned Devine, who proves to be the local person least likely to cash in a lottery ticket on his own steam, since he has just died.

So starts the delightful Irish comedy which the Pagosa Springs Film Society will screen and discuss at 7 p.m. Tuesday, May 31, in the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall. "Waking Ned Devine" is rated PG, as it includes a brief scene of rearview geriatric nudity.

There is a suggested $3 donation to the Friends of the Library. The Fellowship Hall is Unit 15 in Greenbriar Plaza. Turn east on Greenbriar Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big sign.


Historical society museum open

Take a walk back in time at the San Juan Historical Society Museum where volunteers have worked for more than 30 years to preserve the area's history.

Hundreds of visitors enjoy exhibits depicting early-day life in Pagosa Springs and Archuleta County. Among the treasures to be found are the old town fire department's water hose cart, a safe from an early lumber mill, quilts, desks from an early one-room school, a horsehide coat and a one-horse sleigh. Special exhibits include an early dentist's office, a general store, a front parlor, a country school room and a farming and ranching display.

The museum, located a short walk from downtown on the corner of U.S. 160 and 1st Street, is partially housed in the old waterworks building constructed by the WPA in 1938. In the 1970s, the society added a metal building to the front of the water works to provide additional display area.

Be sure to visit the newly expanded gift shop. Members have carefully selected items which may be of particular interest to visitors of Pagosa Country, including "Remembrances," a series of books, in its tenth year of publication, celebrating the people, places and history of Pagosa Springs and the surrounding area. The newest in the series, available for the first time this summer, is titled "A Woman's Work," featuring a look at some of he contributions by women to the settlement and growth of the area. The book series is compiled and published by the San Juan Historical Society, the nonprofit organization which also manages the museum itself. All proceeds from the sale of the books, and the nominal admission fee are used toward museum operating expenses.

The summer includes an arborglyph exhibit featuring photographs by Peggy Bergon of aspen tree carvings created by Hispanic sheepherders from the late 1800s to the early 1900s. The photographs were collected from 1977 to present in the San Juan Mountains surrounding Pagosa Springs. Prints and cards will be available. The planned exhibit opening is 5-7 p.m. June 17, with the exhibit continuing through July 30.

Staff members are available to answer any question visitors may have. Memberships are available.

The museum opened for the season May 17 and will remain open until Labor Day, Tuesdays through Saturdays.


Make your donations to Western Heritage Events Center auction

One man's junk is another man's treasure.

The Red Ryder Roundup Rodeo Committee is looking for your junk - everything from horses to hogs, tractors to Cadillacs, cows to goats, fine art to fine China, antiques to nearly new. If you are willing to donate it to a good cause, they will even pick it up for you. Donations will be accepted up to the start of the auction

Contact one of the following for location of delivery or pick-up: Mike Ray, 264-2812; Randy Talbot, 731-5203; Wes Lewis, 759-8499; DuWayne Shahan, 264-9512; or Craig Kamps, 883- 3019.

The committee will hold a farm auction 10 a.m. Saturday, May 28, at the Red Ryder Rodeo Arena to benefit the Western Heritage Event Center's indoor arena planned at the rodeo grounds.

A partial list of items to be auctioned follows:

Items for your auto include a Toyota rear bumper, two '76 Ford front bumpers, '84 Ford front bumper, camper shell (small truck), utility shell (small truck), lumber rack (small truck), assorted tires and rims, camper shell, cab over camper, tool box, Merrit aluminum headache rack, 10-hole BUD steel rims and tires, aluminum fuel tanks, ladder rack (full size truck) and a 2003 Ranch Hand front bumper

If you are looking for horse tack you will find a great selection including a brand new 15 1/2" Rancher saddle by Cactus Saddlery smoothed out with barbed wire tooling, ranch saddle, 15 used saddle blankets, new Navajo saddle blanket, new horse blanket-net, new insulated cantle saddle bags, kid's saddle and lariat.

To round out the livestock on your ranch you can choose from two feeder pigs, a Welsh pony, stud fee, a two-year-old horse, pig feeder, lambs, fainting goats, set of stocks, self-catching cattle squeeze chute, Powder River roping chute with alley, three sets of horse shoeing by John Kimsey, three hoof trims by John Kimsey and more.

You will even find items for your home including a recliner, sectional sofa, fan light, two western hanging lights and more.

Other household items include a marble sink, television, convection oven, Kenmore microwave, Magic Chef refrigerator, new throw pillows, two dinnerware sets, canisters, storage boxes and serving bowls.

Antique lovers will love the selection including a piano, table and chairs, square table, horse drawn farm equipment, bits and bridles, pack saddle, dresser and scale.

Items for the office include a fax machine, printer, computer monitor and keyboard and cell phones

There are numerous miscellaneous items that have been donated including a 40-gallon electric hot water heater, pot belly wood stove, Warm Morning coal stove, Coleman fuel lantern, tooled leather cell phone holder, two compressed air tanks, old cement mixer, bicycles, TV antenna, old books, standing fan, gas weed eater, 15x20 new culvert, brand new fireplace tool set ($180 value), hand tools, nearly new composter, snow blower - PTO driven , backhoe, bumper pull 16' flatbed trailer, snowmobile, cattle head gate, 1975 HAL tandem axle 16' stock trailer and a 1970 Chevy C60 Dump truck-single axle (needs work).

Gift certificates that have been donated include $50 from Silver Dollar Liquor, car washes at Conoco West, $400 deer mount from Mountain Air Taxidermy, and a wash and vac from Auto Detail Shop.


Former royalty invited to join in July 4 parade

Former Red Ryder Roundup Royalty have been invited to join present royalty and court in the annual Fourth of July parade in Pagosa Springs.

Former royalty may ride their own horses or ride on a wagon provided by Pagosa Springs Enterprises.

Please wear your original banner if you have it, or contact Sandy Bramwell at 264-5959.

Practices for current royalty contestants will begin 4:30 p.m. June 3. If you can't be there by 5:30 at the latest, contact Bramwell at the number above or Belinda Thull at 731-5269,

Riding competition will be 6 p.m. June 30 at Red Ryder Arena and the personality competition will be 2 p.m. July 2 in the Extension office. Contestants will take a written test before the riding contest.

The young ladies in the competition have a chance at four prizes other than the prestigious titles of Queen and Princess. Prizes will be given for the top score in the writing, personality, written and congeniality phases. There will be a vote for Miss Congeniality and hair and makeup sessions for all contestants.

The public is encouraged to support the contestants at all of the competitions and entry is free.


Local Chatter

Forest centennial brings back tales of Smokey Bear

By Kate Terry

PREVIEW Columnist

There is a wonderfully entertaining program coming up June 2, and it's all free because the San Juan National Forest is paying for it as a part of its Centennial Celebration.

The Fiddlin' Foresters are the official old-time string band of the USDA Forest Service. (USDA is United States Department of Agriculture). Members of the band are all Coloradans or current or retired Forest Service employees who volunteer their time. They travel all over the country. They have played in Pagosa Springs before, but it was a long time ago and they are excited about being back.

The Foresters play bluegrass, old-timey and country-western music. A movie screen serves as a backdrop. While they are playing, the screen shows a variety of footage - one part honoring firefighters. A part of this feature is singing the Smokey Bear song while Smokey Bear's image is flashed on the screen.

Smokey Bear is one of the most highly recognized Forest Service symbols. He is the living symbol for fire protection.

The show is 7 p.m. June 2 in Pagosa Springs High School. Go early to get a seat for the auditorium will fill up fast.

The story of Smokey Bear is well known. He is the little, five-pound black bear cub who survived two huge forest fires in Lincoln National Park in New Mexico in May 1950. The fire came to be known as the Capitan Gap Fire; 17,000 thousand acres were burned.

The fires accidentally ignited then fanned by winds, lasted for days. Firefighters from Fort Bliss, Texas, discovered a tiny bear cub, badly singed and clinging to a charred tree. They took him back to camp. New Mexico game warden Ray Bell, who was flying overhead, heard about the cub. He knew it needed medical attention and flew it to Santa Fe to a veterinarian he knew. He then took it home where his wife, Ruth, nursed it. They named him Hotfoot Teddy. When pictures of their daughter holding the cub were flashed on the news all over the country, they captured the hearts of America.

The cub was sent to the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., where he lived for 26 years. Smokey was then returned to the village of Capitan, N.M., where the Smokey Bear Historical Park had been built.

This is the place to go to learn about fire prevention. The Smokey Bear Historical Park is located on Highway 380 (better known as 118 Smoke Bear Blvd.).

There is one more thing to write and that is that Smokey Bear has his own ZIP code - sharing this honor with the president of the United States. It seems they both get a lot of mail.

Fun on the run ...

The grandmother was well known for her faith and lack of reticence in talking about it. She was know to frequently go out on the front porch and shout, "Praise the Lord!"

Her next door neighbor would shout back, "There ain't no Lord!"

Knowing that the grandmother was very poor, the neighbor decided to prove his point by buying a large bag of groceries and placing it at her door.

The next morning, the grandmother went to the porch and, seeing the groceries, said, "Praise the Lord!"

The neighbor stepped out from behind a tree and said, "I bought those groceries, and there ain't no Lord!"

The grandmother replied, "Lord, you not only sent me food, but you made the devil pay for it!"


Shepherd's Staff

'DaVinci Code' thesis being accepted as fact, though totally fictitious

By Rev. Phil Janowsky

"The divinity of Jesus and his establishment as 'the Son of God' were created, proposed, and voted into existence (by a 'relatively close vote') at the Council of Nicea in 325. Prior to this event, nobody - including Jesus' followers - believed that he was anything more than a mortal prophet'. The Emperor Constantine established the divinity of Jesus for political reasons and used the Catholic Church as a means of solidifying his power."

Thus does Dan Brown state his main thesis in The DaVinci Code (p. 233).

Since Brown himself has admitted the work is largely fictitious, one might wonder why it is creating such a stir and why one should even bother from a serious historical standpoint to examine its content.

The obvious reason is that millions are accepting this work as real history. The New York Daily News has referred to it as having been "impeccably researched." On a recent edition of the MSNBC program Hardball, Chris Matthews held an interview with Jane Fonda in which the DaVinci Code was discussed. Fonda obviously accepts the work as the real story of what happened at Nicea. Matthews, a graduate of Holy Cross University, appeared to accept her enthusiastic endorsement of the work with never a question.

There is much that we do not know about the actual debates that took place at Nicea. The reason - "there is no contemporary record of the debates at Nicea (W.H.C. Frend, "The Rise of Christianity," p.498). Thus it is completely fictitious for Brown, Pagels or anyone else to create such debates as though they are based on fact.

What we do know about Nicea is this. It was indeed held at the request of the Emperor Constantine c. 325 at Nicea, which was located in present day Turkey. (p. 107). The fact that it was considered a novel question by the Christian Church indicates there was an orthodox Christology in place that was in fact being challenged - not invented. The proof of this orthodoxy can be found in the first baptismal formulations (early 100s) the Apostles' Creed (155), and the "rule of faith" referred to independently by Irenaeus of Lyon, and Tertullian of Carthage, in the late 100s A.D. Anyone interested may look these up in Philip Schaff's monumental work, "The Creeds of Christendom," Vol. I , pp. 14-29) and J.N.D. Kelly's "Early Christian Creeds" (pp.76-88). In addition, we have a primitive Christian hymn of praise to Christ - composed and sung in worship services before ever a scrap of New Testament writing was in existence (Phil. 2:6-11), see A.M. Hunter, Paul and His Predecessors, pp. 39-44).

In reality, there were only two basic questions on the table at Nicea. Was Jesus fully divine - equal from eternity with God; or was Jesus in some way a lesser deity than God? The orthodox Christian assumption that Jesus was God incarnate is evidenced from earliest times by the use of the Aramaic title "Maran," or Lord (I Cor. 16:22) in 55. A.D. and the use of the Greek "kurios," already having been put in play by the Hebrew translators of the Septuagint in the 200s B.C. as the acceptable Greek word to take the place of the Hebrew "Yahweh" in the Greek translation.

Around 300 bishops attended the council. Only six were from the west (W. Walker, "A History of the Christian Church," (p. 108). This would seem to have predicted a slam dunk for the novel Arian position. In addition, Constantine himself had by this time become a convinced Arian (Frend, "The Rise of Christianity," p. 498).

Again we point out there are no records of the actual debates. What we have is the Creed that was hammered out and adopted by the bishops after discussion, and after a vote of 300 yea to three nay. Nor was there any voting on the Gnostic Gospels. They had been excluded in the 200s by common consent on the basis of the "Rule of Faith," the main outlines of which are to be found in the Creeds and the Nicene Creed. There is no record of any Church Council having voted on the inclusion or exclusion of these spurious gospels.

The Nicene Creed affirms the full deity of Jesus with the words, "very God of very God." Nicea created no novelty, rather it destroyed the Arian novelty, and in so doing became the benchmark for Christian orthodoxy from that day forward. In so doing, orthodox Christianity was only asserting its right to set forth its parameters of belief.

Every other religion has the same right.


Community Center News

The big weekend for arts and crafts is almost here

By Mercy E. Korsgren

PREVIEW Columnist

The arts and crafts show - 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturday, at the community center - is another fun activity to attend if you want to maximize your Memorial Day weekend celebration.

In addition to a long list of different arts and crafts available, plan to have lunch at the center. With the wind and hot weather outside, you will enjoy the cool, relaxed atmosphere indoors, with delicious food prepared by the Building Blocks 4 Health ladies. The BB4H volunteers will sell food, soda and water at this event. Doughnuts, nachos and chicken wraps are just a few of the items I know will be available.

The center is providing free coffee for our vendors. So, don't worry about packing your lunch and snacks, we'll have them available for your convenience.

The 35 vendors participating are: Vicki Harding, Brookshier Photo, JC Stoneware, Jennifer Hedrick, Wacky Knit Wits, Greg Coffey, Loma Clay Works, Syl's Echoes of Nature, Anita Lamprell, Queen Bee Sauce, Sheila Benson, Will Dunbar and Dave Smith, Designs by Rydz, Walter Smith, Christin Brynwood, Judy Dodd, Lisa Barkley, Sheri Smith, Bruce Anderson, Nancy Green, Brenda McCooey, Rita Strickland, J. Darcy Christensen, Rod and Connie Gabriel, Sharon Parker, Candy Underberg, Darlene Cotton, Candy Hemphill, Deb Cupchok, Ellen Rolig, Catherine Keyawa, Bear Naked Candles, Barb Van Arsdale and Tanya Slubowski, Al Olson, Michele Marx, and Sharon Pay.

There will be a great array of arts and crafts available, such as paintings, jewelry, copper window charms, garden ornaments, stoneware tiles, painted wood pieces, scarves, purses, hats, candles, cabin crafts, leatherworks, stained glass, crochet dolls, skin care products, car fresheners, bath and body lotion, soaps, furniture, birdfeeders, collectible western items, pheasant jewelry and many others. Make sure you come to this great event; this is an opportunity to shop for Father's Day gifts as well as for your holiday presents. For more information, call 264-4152.

World Harmony Run

The town of Pagosa Springs and the Chamber of Commerce would like to welcome this group. WHR is a global torch relay that seeks to promote international friendship and point the way to real oneness in the world. This year, an international team of six-12 runners will carry a flaming torch, symbolizing the aspirations of human oneness through more than 70 countries around the world.

The run is a tangible expression of humanity's essential need for friendship and understanding and helps connect grassroots efforts for world harmony. It does not seek to raise money or promote any political cause, but rather seeks to create goodwill among peoples and nations. In the United States, the WHR began in New York April 16, and is currently in the process of covering an 11,000-mile course through all of the 48 contiguous American states. The run will conclude where it started, in New York on Aug. 14.

Everyone can participate in the World Harmony Run: athletes and non-athletes, old and young alike. You too, can be a part of this globe-spanning event. You can carry the torch a few steps, a few blocks or a few miles. Or you can come out and cheer the runners as they pass through our community. We invite everyone, especially our local runners, to join the run from a couple of miles east of town on U.S. 84 to Town Park. The group is coming in from Santa Fe at approximately 10 a.m. Friday and will stop in the park for a couple of hours. Their next stop is Durango. WHR participants also invites kids ages 6 to 10 to come to the park and listen to their talk about the run. Let's all show our visitors what a wonderful, beautiful and hospitable community we have.

Computer lab news

This week we will see a major overhaul of the teen center computers. Thanks go to Town Administrator Mark Garcia for two computers no longer in use by town staff. What Becky hopes to do is test everything to see what works and what doesn't, then put the working parts from all five of our computers in a pile and (she hopes) wind up with three decent systems - one for the soon-to-be-hired supervisor of the teen center and two others for the kids.

We have come across a partial solution to the problem of purchasing software for the lab. Non-profit groups can buy software such as Microsoft Office, Norton Antivirus or Photoshop from an organization which acts as a distributor for software manufacturers. The packages come at greatly reduced prices and will make it possible for us to offer some sophisticated programs to users of the lab. Call Becky if you work for or with a nonprofit and would like more information on this program.

PC Magazine has just e-published a list of things to do with old computers. It's certainly creative - one of the ideas is to make your old PC box into an aquarium. To check out the rest of the suggestions, go to Web site, click on "Solutions" and then click on "Hardware." The list is at the bottom of the first screen.

Upcoming events

Annual Patriotic Sing-A-Long Night update: Talking about harmony, our very own Mountain Harmony Ladies' Barbershop Choir will entertain us at this year's event. Thank you ladies for your support and commitment.

Mark your calendar for 7-9 p.m. Thursday, June 30, and bring your favorite dessert to share with everyone. Take the whole family and your visitors to this delightful evening. Show your support and wear something with red, white and blue.

This event is a prelude to the Fourth of July celebration. I'm still looking for an emcee so, if you or someone you know can do this volunteer job, call 264-4152. Let's make this another successful event, celebrating our freedom and honoring our veterans and all the men and women ion active military duty. Watch for more information next week.


Today - Red Cross meeting, 9:30-10:30 a.m.; Building Blocks 4 Health, 4:30-5:30 p.m.; Anglican Church Fellowship, 6-8 p.m.

Friday, May 27 - Seniors Walking Program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.

Saturday, May 28 - Arts and crafts show, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.

Sunday, May 29 - Church of Christ Sunday service, 9 a.m.-noon; Grace Evangelical Free Church service, 9 a.m.-noon; United Pentecostal Church service, 2-4 p.m.

Monday, May 30 - Center closed in celebration of Memorial Day.

Tuesday, May 31 - Seniors computer class, 10:30 a.m.-noon; seniors walking program, 11:15-11:35 a.m.; Computer Q&A w/ Becky, 1-4 p.m.; plumbing code meeting, 5-9 p.m.

Wednesday, June 1 - Pagosa Brat play group. 10 a.m.-noon; Wednesday bridge club, 10 a.m.-3 p.m.; Echo Ditch Co. annual shareholders' meeting, 6:30-8:30 p.m.; Church of Christ Bible study, 7-8 p.m.

Thursday, June 2 - Building Blocks 4 Health, 4:30-5:30 p.m.

The gym is open Monday to Friday 8 a.m.-noon for walking and open basketball except when reserved for special events. Call 264-4152 for information and to reserve a room.

The center needs your input on other programs and activities you would like to see happening here. If you have ideas, tell us about them.

The center is a nonprofit organization under the umbrella of the Pagosa Springs Public Facilities Coalition and managed by the Town of Pagosa Springs. It provides spaces for the Archuleta County Seniors Program, Pagosa Springs Arts Council, Teen Center and other groups and organizations in the community. Rooms are available for rent to anyone or any group on first-come, first-served basis. There is a nominal charge to rent a room and monies collected pay for the utility bills and other operating costs.

Have your party or meeting here. We have affordable rooms for small, midsize and large groups. A catering kitchen is also available. Tables, chairs, a portable stage, a dance floor and audio visual equipment are available too. The center is at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. Call 264-4152.

Lost and found

Please check at the front desk if you're missing something that might have been left at the center. We'll hold lost and found items for a month, then all unclaimed items will be donated to the local thrift stores. Call 264-4152.


Senior News

First mystery trip was to fun in Abiquiu

By Musetta Wollenweber

SUN Columnistt

Our first mystery trip left the Den early in the morning of the May 26 and headed for Abiquiu, N.M. where 12 Archuleta Seniors, Inc. members visited the Georgia O'Keefe winter home.

Following the tour they enjoyed a yummy lunch at the Abiquiu Inn. On the way back home they stopped in at Ghost Ranch and enjoyed the many exhibits at the museums.

Rumor has it John (our chauffeur) sang 100 bottles of beer on the wall for the entertainment on the way home. OK, I made that up; the word is they had fun without John singing and were thankful he didn't.

Our next mystery trip is scheduled Thursday, June 23, Stay turned for more details.

Pin Day

We have declared tomorrow, May 27, as Pin Day. Wear all of the special pins that you have collected over the years and celebrate all of the memories they represent.

May Birthdays

We will also be celebrating May birthdays tomorrow. If you are celebrating a birthday in May join us for a great meal along with birthday cake. For those of you who are 60+, Archuleta Seniors, Inc. has discounted your meal to $1; what a deal!

Closed Memorial Day

The Den will be closed Monday, May 30, in observance of the Memorial Holiday. Enjoy the long weekend!

Ice Cream Social and Sing Along

Ice Cream you scream, we all scream for ice cream 1 p.m. Friday, June 3. Jeni says she wants two scoops! For just 50 cents you can enjoy a bowl of ice cream here at The Den. The kitchen staff will provide a few toppings or bring along one of your favorites and share with others. After you've licked your bowl clean join John Graves in a fun sing along.

Card games

We've added pinochle to our list of activities and did a wee bit of rearranging.

Canasta has moved to Tuesdays at 1 p.m, pinochle will be played on Wednesdays at 1 p.m., while bridge remains on Mondays at 1 p.m. Should we play poker too?

Transportation services

We are looking into expanding the current service area with transportation for those 60-plus. We need your input in order to provide you the best service possible. Please contact me at 264-2167 and give me your feedback. Respond no later than June 3. If you would prefer, you may e-mail information to or drop a note to Musetta Wollenweber, Silver Foxes Den, PO Box 1507, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.

Archuleta Seniors, Inc.

While membership is not required at The Den, there is another great organization we work very closely with - Archuleta Seniors, Inc. This organization serves as the local council on aging and makes recommendations to the senior services office. Archuleta Seniors Inc. has a membership fee of just $3 for the calendar year with over 20 great local discounts offered exclusively to their members. You must be 55 or older to join or be the spouse of someone 55 or older who is also a member. For those who qualify, there is also a scholarship available for eye glasses, dental and prescription assistance. Throughout the year Archuleta Seniors, Inc. works in conjunction with the Den in an effort to provide services, outings and events to the 55-plus community. If you haven't already joined, come in 11 a.m.-1 p.m. Wednesdays. If you would prefer to mail your membership, please send us your name, address, date of birth and phone number to the Silver Foxes Den, PO Box 1507, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147. Include a check for three dollars made payable to Archuleta Seniors, Inc. and a self addressed stamped envelope.

Thank you

A very special thank you goes to Melanie Kelly for donating her time to help our folks with completing their living wills and other end of life decision forms. Melanie, you made this difficult project an easier time and you are so very much appreciated. While Melanie is very busy the rest of the summer, we do have packets available for folks to stop by and pick up.


Are you interested in receiving the newsletter via e-mail? Let us know your e-mail address and we'll get you on the list, otherwise you can check it out at

Senior Prom

For those of you that had your picture taken at the "Senior" Prom, your pictures are in, stop on by The Den office and pick them up. Thank you to Pauline and Lee Murphy for taking these great photos, they are awesome! Also our thanks to Ronnie and Dick Zaday for printing them, you made the prom an even more memorable event!

Activities at a Glance

Friday, May 27 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; gym walk, 11:15 a.m.; celebrate May birthdays, noon; Pin day.

Monday, May 30 - Closed for the holiday. Have a great one!

Tuesday, May 31 - Yoga in Motion, 9:30 a.m.; basic computer instruction, 10:30 a.m.; gym walk 11:15 a.m; canasta, 1 p.m.

Wednesday, June 1- Pinochle, 1 p.m.

Friday, June 3 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; gym walk 11:15 a.m.; veterans' benefits, noon; Ice Cream Social and Sing Along with John Graves 1 p.m.


Suggested donation $2.50 for ages 60-plus, all others $4.50.

Salad bar everyday, 11:30 a.m.

Friday, May 27 - Lasagna, Italian green beans, garlic roll and spiced applesauce.

Monday, May 30 - Closed for the holiday.

Tuesday, May 31 - Catfish filet, boiled potatoes, citrus cup, muffin and salad bar.

Wednesday, June 1 - Chicken/cheese burrito, refried beans, fruit cup and salad bar.

Thursday, June 2 - Arboles meal day; call for reservations

Friday, June 3 - Sole almandine, steamed carrots, onion roll, orange wedges, chocolate pudding, and salad bar.


Veteran's Corner

Special events to honor veterans Memorial Day

By Andy Fautheree

PREVIEW Columnist

Memorial Day will be observed Monday by Mullins-Nickerson American Legion Post 108 at the Legion Building and at Hilltop Cemetery in Pagosa Springs. A flag raising and honor guard salute remembering veterans will take place at 9 a.m.

At 10 a.m. Memorial Day observances will follow at Hilltop Cemetery. Members of the American Legion will mark veterans' graves with flags.

Veterans and the public are invited to attend both ceremonies. Past Commander Robert Dobbins will be officiating. All veterans are encouraged to wear their uniforms.

Patriot's picnic

Don't forget the Patriot's Picnic for all veterans and their families, and especially any current members of the Armed Forces and their families. The picnic, sponsored by the Archuleta County Republican Party, will be held 1-7 p.m. June 11 at the Viking J Ranch in Arboles.

The information I have received so far for this event is that it will include a barbecue, live music, dancing, a military fly over and visiting dignitaries. The picnic is free to all veterans, current members of the military and their immediate families. Veterans or family members are invited to stop by my office any time to pick up tickets.

Viking J Ranch is reached by driving down Colo. 151 and turning north on 975. Drive 1.5 miles to County Road 973 and then head west one mile to the ranch.

Dignitaries visit

Three members of Colorado State Veterans departments visited me last week. They were here to review our VA Health Care transportation program and the vehicle purchased with money from the Colorado Veterans Trust Fund through the successful grant application last year by American Legion Post 108.

Visiting were Bill Belz, director of the Colorado Department Veterans Affairs; Les Kennedy, coordinator of the VTF Grant program; and George Thomas, representing the Colorado Board of Veterans Affairs. Also on hand was Carmen Miller, new commander of the local American Legion.

VAHC transportation

It appears from our conversations these state officials are very happy with our VAHC transportation program. One of them said Archuleta County is probably in the top four counties in Colorado in successfully obtaining VTF grants for these purposes. Thus far, according to my figures, we have received almost $60,000 in grants to purchase two new vehicles and send three of our local World War II veterans to the WW II Memorial dedication in Washington D.C. last year.

VFW grant application

I have been working with the Pagosa Springs chapter of the Veterans of Foreign Wars in applying for a new grant this year. The VFW has submitted an application for $35,000 to purchase a new vehicle to replace the older of our two current vehicles.

Part of this year's VFW application is for $5,000 to assist our veterans with overnight accommodations in Albuquerque and help defray rising fuel costs. The visiting officials indicated with a sense of humor that we "were probably not going to get another new vehicle," but they showed great interest in possibly awarding the $5,000 grant for travel assistance.

Travel assistance

I showed them the official Albuquerque VAMC overnight accommodations policy and told them our veterans can no longer get overnight accommodations and very few receive any travel allowance. Our veterans must travel to Albuquerque VAMC for all inpatient and specialist care, a distance of 530 miles round trip.

Let us hope we are successful with at least the $5,000 grant for the travel assistance. Our local veterans and volunteer drivers can certainly use the help.


Don't forget to call or stop by my office with your VA health care appointments for the Share-A-Ride program. Help a fellow veteran who may be going in the same direction to the same VA facility. Give me a call if you can provide transportation or need transportation. I will keep a calendar of who is going where to coordinate this important program.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is at 400 S. Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, CO 81301 (next to Big 5 Sports). Phone number is 247-2214. Albuquerque VAMC phone number is (800) 465-8262.

Further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, fax 264-8376, e-mail The office is open from 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Library News

An update on where we are and what we have

By Barb Draper

PREVIEW Columnist

School is out, Memorial Day is approaching, summer "snow bird residents" are returning, and other new residents and visitors can be seen all around the area.

We are glad to see old friends and welcome new ones. What we don't particularly like to hear, however, is, "Well! We finally found you!" We do know that our two new banners, one on the fence surrounding the construction site and the one on the front of the Thrift Store building are giving folks good directions, but the banners do not explain everything.

So, here is a recap and an update for those of you who have been out of the area, as well as for visitors and permanent residents who are now looking for a place with some great summer reading material.


If you have not yet located us we are in the lower level of the Humane Society Thrift Store at 269 Pagosa St. The building is just east of the traffic light at Hot Springs Boulevard.

There are two entrances to the library: One is through the front door of the thrift store and right down the ramp, the other is through a back door that can be reached by turning off Hermosa Street by the baseball diamond and winding past the Power House. We have a small parking area there for your convenience and you can see our sign on the back door.


We are open Monday through Saturday as before, but our hours are slightly different. Monday through Thursday we are open 10 a.m.-6 p.m. Our Friday hours are 10 a.m.-5 p.m. and Saturday hours are 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

No Internet access

One of the most common questions is about public computer use. Many travelers and short-term residents are accustomed to this service. Unfortunately, neither space nor sufficient wiring is available for us to provide this convenience at our "mini" location. Likewise, we do not have space for our large copy machine and we do not have a fax line. We do have access to our laminating machine. We will laminate materials for you, provided you give ample lead time for one of our staff to go to the machine location. Laminating cost is $2 per linear foot.

Variety of printed data

You may be pleasantly surprised at the variety of materials we can offer in what is now popularly called the "mini library."

We have the entire collection of adult paperback novels, recorded books, young adult fiction and large print books. We have a variety of materials from our Hershey Collection (books about the Four Corners area). We have tried to include some of the most often asked for nonfiction subjects, including but not limited to flower and bird identification, cooking, home improvement and travel. We have been able to find space for our magazine collection, a variety of jigsaw puzzles, music CDs, a few videos and a set of encyclopedias. We also have a wide variety of junior fiction and EZ children's books in the separate "kids' area."

While we have not yet made our 2005 purchase of new books, we continue to add new titles that are donated to us. The New Books section is located just inside the door.

Even though part of our collection is in storage and not available for checkout, we can offer two options. First, there is the Interlibrary Loan program. Come talk to us about the details of this service. Also, if your travels take you to Bayfield, Durango or points beyond, Colorado libraries will put their barcode on your Ruby Sisson card so you may check out books from those locations. We can return your books to these other libraries for you through our Library Courier Service. (Please plan to get your books to us a few days before their due date.)

Speaking of returning books - there is no external book drop, but we do have a big black drop box sitting just inside the door of the upper thrift store entrance. This is available during thrift store hours, Monday through Saturday, 9 a.m.-6 p.m. If your book is due, you may call the library at 264-2209 at any time for a phone renewal. You may also renew online.

Twelve items may be checked out at any time on your card and we encourage each family member (children included) to have a card. You may renew your items one time. You may also ask for a hold to be placed on a book that is currently checked out. Overdue fines remain the same, 10 cents per overdue item per day we are open. An exception to this is the fine for an Interlibrary Loan book which is 50 cents per day These books are usually not renewable. (The due date for these books is set by the lending library and we must adhere to their terms.)

Summer reading

Preregistration continues at a brisk pace for children who want to be a part of "Dragons, Dreams and Daring Deeds" June 6 through July 12.

Please come in anytime to sign up and to find out more details about all the fun activities that have been planned. Volunteers are still welcomed, and our volunteers have been known to have as much fun as the children. Come check it out.

Material donations

Your book donations are always appreciated. At least one anonymous donor left some wonderful books in our drop box. Someone also left us some games that will be put to good use in the teen reading area when we return to the new building. We also wish to thank Barbara Carlos Derry Curran, and those of you whose names we did not get, for book donations.


Arts Line

Three local artists featured in PSAC gallery during June

By Kayla Douglass

PREVIEW Columnist

A new exhibit will begin June 2 in the gallery at Town Park with the work of three local artists featured for the month. Exhibitors are Jeanine Malaney, Adrienne Haskamp and Randall Davis.

Malaney turned a hobby of creating art into her fifth career, following teaching, engineering and engineering management, wife and mother and community service as an elected public official and on several boards of directors.

She is a member of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council and the Durango Arts Center.

About the technique - painting with fabric - she says: "This technique allows me to paint a picture with fabric. I cut fabric pieces and compose a collage by gluing and rearranging pieces on a background fabric (my 'canvas'). After adding shading and detail features with fabric paint, I secure the image with clear or smoke monofil thread. After squaring up, I add fabric borders for matting and layer with backing and batting.

" With a quilting process I can then increase texture and highlight features creating a three-dimensional effect. I produce my own continuous binding to match or compliment borders. Each unique piece is titled, signed, and framed."

About the art: The spirit of the American West is bound up in the land Š wide open spaces, big skies, purple mountains' majesty Š and plenty of sunshine. Horses running with the wind or wildlife symbolize our freedom to enjoy the vastness of the western landscape and our national forests and national parks. Indian and cowboy lore fan the fire of our infatuation with the West.

"These are the themes I explore in my work."

Randall Davis is a Pagosa artist whose talents are many and varied. He was born in Burbank, Calif., but by age 14 was spending summers in Pagosa Springs working on the family ranch, which he now owns and manages. Davis graduated from University of Southern California with a BA in psychology and later received a DDS degree and opened a dental practice in Pagosa. He became civically and culturally active almost from the first day.

He has supported the community by serving on the Dr. Mary Fisher Clinic Board, the Upper San Juan Hospital District Board, the school board and currently is vice president of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. Davis teaches a drawing class at the community center. He studied drawing with Sid Mountain, Ted Goershner, David Leffel and Vic Payne. Multi-talented is the best way to describe Randall Davis. He works in watercolor, oil, sculpts in bronze and plays a mean banjo in the Blue Grass Cadillac band. Davis will be exhibiting several of his oil paintings as well as bronze sculpture.

Adrienne Haskamp is a professional metal artist whose art encompasses jewelry crafted from precious metals, to larger-than-life sculptures in iron and other materials. She has bachelor's degrees in outdoor education and music, with an emphasis in music education. Both degrees are from Humboldt State University in northern California. Adrienne and her husband Dale are avid telemark skiers, mountain bikers, kayakers and hikers, to name just several of their outdoor pursuits.

Adrienne will be displaying and selling some of her jewelry in the June exhibit. Twenty-five percent of her sales will be donated to Colorado Wild.

Support prep music

At 7:30 p.m. in the Pagosa Springs High School Auditorium, Rio Jazz will reunite to participate in an all star benefit performance. They'll be featured along with Blue Grass Cadillac, the Hot Biscuits, The Community Choir Jazz Ensemble, and a host of outstanding soloists, dancers and groups in an exciting musical extravaganza called "Kaleidoscope!"

This extraordinary vocal and instrumental talent pool ranges from professional to student, young to mature, jazz to country, plus several reprises of show stopping performances from past musicals which have graced the high school auditorium stage.

Tickets are priced at $10 for adults, $5 for students, and may be purchased at The Plaid Pony, the Pagosa Springs Chamber of Commerce, the Methodist Church and at the door, if available. Since two out of three performances of the recent "Beauty and the Beast" were sold out, there will be probably a huge demand for tickets, so get yours early. For more information, call Melinda Baum at 264-5404.

Calendar exhibit

The 13 images (12 months and cover artwork) for the Pagosa Country annual scenic calendar were announced at the gallery opening reception May 5.

Artwork exhibited included photography, oil, fabric art, watercolor and mixed media. Chosen artists were Bruce Andersen, Cover and September; J.D. Kurz, January and October; Jan Brookshier, February; Sabine Baeckmann-Elge, March; Jeanine Malaney, April; Jeff Laydon, May; Ginnie Bartlett, June; Claire Goldrick, July and November; Barbara Rosner, August; and Tom Lockhart, December. The exhibit will be showing through the end of May, so if you couldn't attend the reception, stop by the gallery Tuesday through Saturday, 1-5 p.m.

The 2006 calendars will be available to purchase through the Arts Council beginning in June at $9.95 plus tax for nonmembers and $8.95 plus tax for PSAC members. This is the first of a planned annual Pagosa Country scenic calendar.

Watercolor workshop

Watercolorists should reserve June 8-10 for the next workshop by Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett as the two artists continue their successful series of watercolor workshops, Basics I and Basics II, with Intermediate I.

This workshop will build on the knowledge gained in the two previous sessions, with emphasis on painting from your own photographs and putting people in your paintings in the correct proportion and scale.

There will be the usual informative handouts at the lectures followed by hands-on painting every day, incorporating the ideas presented in the lecture.

If you have been painting for some time but have not taken Basic I or Basic II and think you could benefit from this intermediate class call Denny (731-6113) or Ginnie (731-2489) to discuss your enrollment.

Classes will be 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. in the community center. Supply lists will be furnished when you register but will basically include what has been used in the previous workshops. Cost will be $130 for non- members and $123.50 for PSAC members.

Contact the Pagosa Springs Arts Council at 264-5020 to register, or drop by during regular gallery hours.

Betty Slade classes

Due to the popularity of Betty's oil and watercolor workshops, she will continue teaching one day a month for interested oil painters and watercolorists. The oil class will be held the first Thursday of each month at her Lower Blanco Dove Retreat. All levels from beginner to advanced are welcome. The intermediate watercolor class will be held the first Friday of the month at the community center. Times for each class is 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Cost is $35 for the day. Bring your own supplies and lunch. It's best to make a reservation by calling PSAC at 264-5020, but drop-ins are always welcome.

PSAC calendar

All PSAC classes and workshops are held in the arts and craft space in the community center, unless otherwise noted.

All exhibits are shown at the gallery in Town Park, unless otherwise noted.

May 5-31 - 2006 Pagosa Springs Calendar exhibit at the gallery .

June 2-29 - Jeanine Malaney, Adrienne Haskamp and Randall Davis exhibit in the gallery.

June 2 - Oil painting, all levels with Betty Slade, 9 a.m.-3p.m.; $35 at Betty's Blanco Dove Retreat.

June 3 - Intermediate watercolor, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.; $35.

June 8-10 - Intermediate watercolor workshop, Ginnie and Denny, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. $123.50 PSAC members, $130 nonmembers.

June 18 - Drawing with Randall Davis, 9 a.m.-3 p.m,; $35, community center and outdoors.

June 23 - PSAC annual meeting.

July 24 - PSAC Home and Garden Tour.

Aug. 29-Sept. 1 - Joye Moon Plein Air watercolor workshop, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

September - Celebrities Cook for the Arts and art auction.

October - Artist Studio Tour.

November - 2005 Gallery Tour.

Artsline is a communication vehicle of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. For inclusion in Artsline, send information to PSAC e-mail ( We would love to hear from you regarding suggestions for Artsline. Events in surrounding areas will be included when deemed of interest to our readers.


Food for Thought

Recipes ... maximum motivation

By Karl Isberg

PREVIEW Columnist

I look up and there she is.

She's impressive, to say the least, and she's getting with it, big time.

I put aside any reservations (I am inherently shy), lumber across the room and sidle right up to her.

I smile. There's no icebreaker quite like a smile on the mug of a gap-toothed guy.

She smiles.

"Well, hi there," I say. I try to sound like Isaac Hayes.

"Oh, hi."

"I couldn't help noticing you. Mind if I ask you a personal question?"

She continues smiling, we lock eyes.

"No, not at all. In fact Š please do."

Hoo boy, I'm on a roll. I puff out my chest and strike a decidedly masculine pose, trying to flex every muscle in my upper body. Think it's easy? Try it some time.

No, this is not a scene from a cheesy singles bar, circa 1975. I am not about to ask this woman: "Hey, what's your sign?"

This is 2005 and I'm in the gym, lifting heavy objects and putting them down again. So is she.

And she's listening to her iPod.

Her pod is extraordinary; I can't stop staring at it.

"Whaddya listening to on your pod?"

She recognizes me as a fellow pod person. We are connecting.

"I wonder because I'm conducting a survey of sorts, asking all the pod people here at the gym about what they listen to while they work out."

She is delighted to help.

"Well, I downloaded a workout program. It's pretty young stuff, fast and electronic. Not really my kind of thing - but, for here, it works."

"Yep," I say. "There's some pretty snappy stuff out there. These wacky young 'uns with their techno and rap and raves and ecstasy and whatnot."

That's it. That's the extent of our conversation; we both get back to lifting heavy objects and putting them down.

She is the last sample I'll take. I've approached at least ten people and I have enough data to feed my research.

What am I looking for?

My goal is to determine whether there are any patterns in pod use in the gym - one of the places pods and MP3s are most prevalent. It is here people lock themselves away in their own little worlds, where they put the headphones on, turn up the volume and get to what is essentially a lonely task, the Zenlike activity of fighting gravity.

What the pod does is overwhelm the senses - shorts them out, if you will. In that, the pod is the ultimate contemporary technological device; it helps one construct an insulated personal world, hard to crack, resistant to outside influences. The sound seems to originate in the center of your head; it's captivating, all-consuming. Combine it with the endorphins that result from lifting heavy objects and putting them down and you can pretty much disregard the rest of the universe. You are ultimate Subject.

And what are we moderns about if not about being self-centered and disregarding the rest of the world?

I want, further, to determine what it is, musicwise, that motivates the gymgoers. Is there some common thread?

I huddle up with my data and the answer comes quick and clear: No.

Each person I ask gives me a different answer.

One guy with perfect hair, for example, tells me he listens to Billy Graham sermons and segments of Focus on the Family he gets off the Internet. The guy tucks his T-shirt into the waistband of his gym shorts. His socks are very, very clean. He smiles all the time. He doesn't lift anything too heavy and, as far as I can tell, he doesn't sweat.

Another fellow, this one quite beefy, says he listens to a motivational tape produced by a onetime Mr. Olympia - a steroid saturated beast with a neck the size of an average man's thigh, a brain the size of a macadamia nut. If you stand next to the fellow in the gym when he has his pod cranked up to top volume, you can hear Mr. Olympia bellowing like a bull elk over a wave of heavy metal music.

One woman who dresses in expensive and fashionable exercise outfits listens to the soundtrack of "Flash Dance." She never exerts, but she looks great. She primps in front of the mirrors in the gym, hand on cocked hip, chin slightly elevated, tummy pulled in as far as it can go. She wears jewelry when she works out,

There's a late middle-aged guy with a ponytail (not a lot on top, but a tail worthy of note) who listens to Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young. He has been working out for a couple of years and has made no appreciable progress. He sits around a lot, staring out the windows, watching the birdies.

The purpose of my research? I am ready to download a workout program into my pod, I am tired of listening to the crud piped into the gym via the building's sound system. I want to create my own domain - one in which, prodded by the most effective musical stimuli, I can ignore everything and everyone else and maximize my efforts and results.

I check the music I've put on my pod the last few months and realize I am not on track. The Mozart, the Verdi and Puccini arias are not going to do the trick. Neither are the Beethoven piano concertos.

I am not going to be inspired to heft heavy objects by Youth Choir Permonik or the Bulgarian Women's Chorus. The Kronos Quartet is not going to propel me onward, nor is Miles Davis, Ornette Coleman, Sun Ra, Joshua Redmon, Diz or Wynton Marsalis.

I scan my play list, looking for help.

Andre Crouch? Yeah, maybe a couple snappy tunes from his early work; he defines what it is to be inspired. Same with some Barrett Sisters tunes. Nothing gets a person jazzed like up-tempo gospel with a heavy bass line.

Henry Rollins? Oh yeah.

Garbage? Oh, my, yes, but only when Shirley and the boys are in overdrive; some of the slow stuff will throw cold water on any workout.

Nelly? You betcha. Especially "ERRtime." I like that new Gwen Stefani tune too.

Weezer? No.

Liz Phair? Probably not, though I'd love to meet her once my workout's over.

Metallica? Yep. Chemical Brothers? Yep. Guns n' Roses? You betcha.

Jimi Hendrix - stuff off "Are You Experienced" and "Axis bold as Love?" Keep to the strong pieces and it's a lock. Same with a few tunes off the first two Led Zep albums. That's liftin' and heftin' music.

So, I discover a few things on my pod that are useful and I set to work on my computer, searching the online music store, arranging a new playlist for the gym.

Then, a blinding flash of light. An epiphany!

If I want to motivate myself to lift heavier and heavier objects (and put them down) why limit myself to music?

I ask myself, "Karl, what truly motivates you? What flushes the toxins from your psychic tubes and gives you a renewed sense of purpose?"



That's it! I need food-related material on my pod if I want to get jazzed up.

I go on the Internet and search for recipes on tape. I figure there has to be a certain amount of food-related audio material for the sight impaired.

Not much there. It's then I realize the sight impaired might not do a lot of complex cooking.

I search for books on tape - about food. With recipes.

Not much there.

So, I resolve to burn my own CDs, then transfer the digital files to my pod. I will read passages from my fave food writers, as well as recipes, then introduce the material to my program.

A sample script: "Today is Friday, Karl. It is the day you do your leg and shoulder split. Are you ready big guy? Huh, are you? Today is the first day of the rest of your life. This workout is the first workout of the rest of your life." (I avoid mention of the fact the rest of my life is pretty darned short.)

"After your warmup in the cardio area, go immediately to the squat rack, Karl. Put a forty-five on each side and do two sets of fifteen. Go deep, go slow buddy. Breathe, breathe. Remember what James Beard says about Belgian endive: 'Šendive is at its best when raw. It needs only a few shreds of brilliant, rosy beets and a fine vinaigrette sauce to set it off. The beets add color and sweetness, tempering the endive's slight bitterness.'

"Oh yeah! Put another forty-five on each side of the bar. Give me a set of eight now. Don't be a wuss, breathe, breathe. Take a short rest and add a twenty-five to each side. Do it. Do it. Push. Give me eight and you can have some endive and beet tonight."

The thought of some thinly sliced endive and the bits of shredded beet slathered with a fresh vinaigrette can get those squats done. We're talking motivation.

"OK, stud, your legs are burning. That's what we want, isn't it? Huh, isn't it? What's a little pain? C'mon sissy, work those hamstrings. Straight-legged deadlifts, five sets. A forty-five on each side of the bar. Legs stiff. Put on your belt and get at it! Eight reps, pardner, breathe, breathe! Feel those hamstrings stretch. Keep your back flat. Fight through the pain, there's something waiting when you're done: Jeffery Steingarten's pan-seared and roasted rib steak. You're gonna take a 3-inch steak and trim it, then rub it with olive oil. You're gonna salt it and pepper it. You're gonna take a cast iron pan and put it on medium high heat. You're gonna melt a stick of butter in the pan and plop in the beef. You're gonna cook the flesh seven minutes or so until a crust forms, spooning the cooking butter on top of the steak as it cooks. You're gonna flip it over and do the same on the second side. Then you're gonna finish the meat in a 325 oven until it is perfect medium rare.

"That's what you're gonna do if you finish these deadlifts and rip off five sets of calf raises. That's what you're gonna do, if you're man enough. You listenin' boy?"

This is going to work!

For my chest and triceps split, I'm recording the recipe for Mark Bittman's Herb Roasted Chicken Cutlet. When I roll around to the back and biceps split it'll be a rousing version of Jacques Pepin's Tomatoes Provencal. (Is there anything more motivating than a simple, yet finely done persillade?) For the shoulders, Julia Child's Sole Meuniere (a set of major league shoulder presses is a sure bet once I'm reminded of the capers in the beurre noisette).

I'm thinking about producing pod programs to sell to a variety of gym rats and other exercise nuts. Seafood for the swimmers. An all-vegetable program for the yoga freaks. A crustless tea sandwich for the folks with the elastic band and exercise ball.

First, though, I'm working up a sampler for power lifters.

Macaroni with four cheeses anyone?

Extension Viewpoints

4-H Livestock Record Book judges needed

By Bill Nobles

PREVIEW Columnist

May 30 - Office closed for Memorial Day.

May 31 - Sportsfishing Project meeting, 4:30 p.m.

June 1 - Entomology Project meeting, 12:30-3:30 p.m.

June 2 - Quilting Project meeting, 4 p.m.; Shady Pines Club meeting, 7 p.m.

June 3 - Colorado Mountaineers Club meeting, 2:15 p.m.; Goat Project meeting, 3 p.m.

Check out all posted 4-H project and club meeting dates and community meetings at

The Archuleta County 4-H Program is fortunate to have a quality livestock program that is increasing in volume every year.

We are in need of a few more Livestock Record Book judges to accommodate the increase in 4-H livestock members.

Therefore, we are asking for anyone who is familiar with 4-H and livestock to volunteer as a record book judge at this year's fair.

The judging is twofold: first you interview the 4-H member, then you judge their record book. The interview process takes place at the Archuleta County Fair - Sunday, Aug. 7, from 9 a.m. to around 1 p.m.

Each judge is assigned a species: beef, swine, sheep, goat, horse or rabbit. We will provide breakfast and lunch for all the judges that Sunday.

Prior to the fair, we always have a judges' orientation luncheon meeting with all judges.

This meeting gets all the judges acquainted with each other, as well as prepares the new judges for the interview/judging process. Again, lunch is provided by the 4-H program. As in the past, we will try to limit the number of members for each judge to around 10. We are looking for three volunteers to judge swine, two each to judge beef, sheep and goat, and one volunteer to help judge rabbit.

If you think this is something you are interested in, call Pamela at the Extension office, 264-5931.

Fishing gear dusty?

Do you have new or used fly fishing rods or tackle collecting dust at your home, in your garage or storage unit? The Archuleta County 4-H Sportsfishing Project is in need of that equipment.

Bring any fly fishing gear you no longer want to the Extension office for local 4-H members to use to complete their yearly projects. We will provide you a donation receipt. The office is open 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Friday. If you have questions, give us a call and we will try to answer them.

Control Bindweed

Field bindweed is one of the most widespread and difficult to manage weeds growing throughout the U.S. The vining plant produces an extensive root system that stores enough nutrients to fuel extensive growth. The plant thrives in the arid western states and will grow on many sites where other plants cannot exist.

One way to help control bindweed growth is introduction of bindweed mites to the infested area. The bindweed mite is a microscopic eriophyid mite imported from southern Europe. The bindweed mite feeds only on field bindweed and closely related wild morning glories. It does not damage other plant species, and it requires bindweed to survive.

The Archuleta County Extension Office will be receiving 200 releases of bindweed mites at $15 per release for use in managing Field Bindweed. Each release will treat 25 acres and is 75 percent effective in controlling field bindweed after two years. Mites will be delivered at the end of June. If you are interested in purchasing the bindweed mites, contact the office at 264-5931.

Seed potatoes

We still have about 35 pounds of Yukon Gold seed potatoes for those who missed out. First- come, first-served at 40 cents a pound.

Soil compaction

Soil compaction reduces the large pore space, restricting air and water movement through the soil, and thus limiting root growth. Soil compaction is the primary factor limiting plant growth in urban soils. Soils generally become compacted during home construction. Soil compaction is difficult to correct, thus efforts should be directed at preventing compaction.

Foot traffic in the garden bed is a major source of compaction. The impact of raindrops and sprinkler irrigation also compacts fine-textured soils. Techniques to minimize soil compaction add organic matter for soils less than 3 percent organic matter, routinely apply three cubic yards of organic soil amendments per 1,000 square feet. This is equivalent to one inch of amendment on the surface before cultivating in.

To avoid salt buildup when using manure, biosolids, or compost made with manure or biosolids, test soil for salt levels before adding more.

All amendments should be thoroughly tilled into the soil to make a uniform mixture. Organic matter supports the work of earthworms and soil microorganisms, which in turn, play a key role in improving soil tilth.

Manage traffic flow

Traffic over the soil is the major contributor to soil compaction. Raised bed gardening techniques, with established walkways, eliminate compaction in the growing bed. On fine-textured, clay soils, limit routine traffic flow to selected paths. A wood chip or bark chip mulch effectively reduces compaction from foot traffic.

Use mulches

Some types of mulch effectively reduce the compaction forces of traffic. For example, 3 to 4 inches of wood or bark chip will minimize the effect of foot traffic. A mulch minimizes the compaction forces of rainfall and sprinkler irrigation. On fine-textured clayed soil, keep garden beds mulched year round to minimize the compaction forces of summer and winter storms.

Organic mulches create an ideal home for beneficial earthworms and soil microorganisms, which play a key role in improving soil tilth. In a lawn or tree's rooting area, where organic matter can't be cultivated into the soil, reduce compaction with soil aeration. Make enough passes with the aerator to have plugs at two inch intervals.

Cultivate when dry

Avoid cultivating fine-textured clay soils except to incorporate organic matter and fertilizer, and to prepare a seedbed. Never cultivate a clay soil when wet; the dirt clods created by tilling wet clay may last for years. To check dryness, take a handful of soil and make a ball. If the soil is dry enough to crumble, it may be cultivated.

On some clay soils, there may be only a few days (or even hours) between when the soil is too wet and too dry (too hard) to cultivate. In years when frequent spring rains prevent the soil from drying, planting will be significantly delayed.

Adding a thin layer of topsoil over compacted soil is a common practice that leads to future landscape management problems. It is often justified as a way to get plants established. However, root growth into the compacted layer will be restricted or even minimal.

Do not create a layer with added topsoil that is of a different texture than the soil. This change in texture (actually pore space) interferes with water movement and root spread. Where additional fill is desirable, lightly mix the fill with the soil beneath. Long-term landscape management will be much easier when attention is given to breaking up surface compaction with tilling and organic matter amendments. Before planting a yard, enhance soil organic content to the extent feasible. A minimum of 3 to 4 cubic yards of organic matter per 1,000 square feet is recommended.

Root penetration into the compacted soil will be restricted. It is far better to spend the energy to break up the compacted soil by tilling and adding organic materials. Likewise it is far better for plant growth to amend the entire planting area with organic matter rather than adding organic amendments to a planting hole. Root growth out of an amended planting hole will be restricted or even minimal, depending on soil conditions.

Add sand?

Some gardeners try to improve fine-textured soils by adding sand. The practice may help the gardeners feel they have done something, but it will have a limited or even negative impact on the soil. Adding sand to a clay soil may actually reduce large pore space until enough sand is added to reduce the clay content well below 20 percent. In some situations adding sand to clay soil can create concrete-like soil properties. To improve the soil, put your efforts into adding organic matter, not sand.

Add gypsum?

Gypsum is a salt also known as calcium sulfate. When added to calcareous clay soils (typical of Colorado), it simply increases the already high calcium content. Gypsum will not break up a compacted soil, but can increase the soil's salt levels.

The use of sulfur has also been incorrectly acclaimed to break up compacted soils. Over a period of time, sulfur may have an acidifying effect on a soil (if the soil is not high in lime). Adding sulfur to a calcareous soil only creates gypsum (calcium sulfate).

Gypsum is useful when a soil has a high sodium problem. Sodium has a unique physical characteristic that brings soil particles closer together reducing large pore space and sealing soils to water penetration. The gypsum (calcium) replaces the sodium on the soil particle exchange site and then the freed sodium is leached out by heavy irrigation. Good quality (low salt) irrigation water must be available to successfully reclaim a high sodium soil.


Pagosa Lakes News

Vandals causing new concerns in rec center

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

Our high school seniors have graduated, school-age children are home, swim lessons have started at the recreation center and the tourists are here to enjoy our high country living for a while.

There is a very noticeable change in the air. More folks, more cars, longer lines at the grocery store, rising mercury in the thermometer and more worries for the recreation center staff.

We are encouraging our members to help us; with the proverbial - it takes a village to raise a child. Last summer's vandalism to the Lake Pagosa fishing dock was costly. Last week's prank at the recreation center when two teens tried to flood the men's locker room by jamming the toilet bowls with towels was not very funny.

I am urging parents to talk to your children about the consequences of vandalism. Your children will be barred from the recreation center, membership revoked for the rest of the year and they will also be held responsible for the cost of repairs. Let's work together to raise responsible and respectful children.

The Pagosa Lakes Porpoises are having a great year. At their second swim meet of the season May 15 in Farmington, a number of swimmers qualified to compete at the state level in July.

State qualifiers include Austin Miller in the 200-meter free, 50 fly, 100 fly and 50 back; Dane Murdock in both the 50 and 100 breast; DJ. Brown in 50 free; Emily Bryant in 200 free, 100 fly, 50 back and 50 free; and Kalie Ray in the 200 free. MacKenzie Kitson broke team records in the 200 back and 20 IM.

On a sad note, we are sorry to say good-bye to MacKenzie as she leaves Pagosa with her family and moves to Durango where she plans to continue to swim. We wish MacKenzie the best of luck with her new swim team, new school and new home community.

The Porpoises next meet is in Cortez. The swimmers are currently in our pool in the mornings (7:30-9:30 a.m.) and are working hard to improve their times to see more state qualifying marks achieved in Cortez. Our best to the swimmers and coach Jen as they work together to become better and stronger swimmers.

I was notified late Tuesday that the planned Swim-a-Thon has been temporarily canceled and that a new date will be announced soon.

The Archuleta County Commissioners will hold a public road information meeting 7 p.m. Thursday, June 2, in the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. A second meeting will be held 7 p.m. June 15 in the Extension building at the county fairgrounds.

Concerned about the quality and condition of roads in our area? Come to the meeting to voice your concerns and be personally responsible for seeing that positive changes be initiated.

The recreation center pool is no longer available to local kayakers. This spring the facility was open to kayakers, mostly novices, working on their rolls before facing the more challenging conditions of the rivers.

As a result of damage to the pool plaster and debris introduced into the pool by dirty equipment, this courtesy will no longer be extended.


Harry Cantrell

Services for Harry Calvin Cantrell of Wilburton, Okla., were held May 20 at the Lebanon Baptist Church, Lebanon, Okla. Burial was held at the Powell Cemetery. The pallbearers were his grandsons: Joshua Cantrell, Adam Cantrell, Andy Cantrell, Joey Cantrell, Jay Cantrell and Bryan Hutchens.

Harry went to be with his Lord and maker on May 18. He was born Dec. 11, 1925, in Sherman, Texas, to Fred Andrew and Minnie Eliza May Cantrell. He was preceded in death by a son, Harry Calvin Cantrell Jr., a sister, Anna Bell Owens, a brother Seaburn Andrew Cantrell, and his parents.

Harry served his country in the U.S. Navy during World War II and again during the Korean War. He was proud to do this, as he loved his country. He was called early in life by the Lord to preach His word. Harry's pastoral duties led him to many wonderful places and brought him many close friends.

He and Monna Louise Woolsey were married on April 15, 1948, in Abilene, Texas.

Survivors include his wife, of the home; a son, William C. Cantrell and wife Ann, Haltom City, Texas; a daughter Teresa L. Cook and husband, David, Pagosa Springs; a daughter, Angela E. Fowlkes and husband, Keith, Mead, Okla.; a son Stephen A. Cantrell and wife, Patti, Kingston, Okla.; 12 grandchildren, including Amber Brown of Durango, Colo., and Amy Christensen of Ardmore, Okla.; and nine great-grandchildren.


Tony Chavez

Tony Raymond Chavez passed away 9:27 p.m. May 24 in Greeley, Colo. He was born in 1927 in Ignacio. He was preceded in death by his father, Jose Amador Chavez; his mother, Juanita Rodriguez Chavez; brother Fermin Chavez; sister Aurelita Chavez; and brother, Ben Chavez.

He is survived by a son, Anthony and family of Greeley; brothers Joe R. Chavez, Farmington, N.M.; Frank T. Chavez, Pagosa Springs; Amodar M. Chavez, Apple Valley, Calif.; Chris L. Chavez, Pagosa Springs; Leonard A. Chavez, Reno, Nev.; and numerous nieces and nephews.

Services will be announced later.


Business News

Chamber News
Celebrating 30 years of welcomes

By Mary Jo Coulehan

SUN Columnist

Thirty years ago, when Lyn DeLange started the Pagosa Springs Welcoming Service, chances are she was not too busy welcoming an onslaught of people.

Nowadays, however, an average of over 40 people per month receive the great greeting package of business discount coupons, community information, and the knowledge of a great welcoming hostess.

I should know; I was once a welcoming hostess as was Sally Hameister (who did my welcoming call), Patti Renner, Lenore Bright, Patty Stickler (ex-Sassy's Brownies), Joy Willet and more.

On behalf of the Chamber I would like to congratulate Lyn on 30 successful years of welcoming people to our community. Not only has she owned the Welcoming Service for 30 years, she is also an ex-Chamber of Commerce manager and the owner of a successful promotional products business. I have seen Lyn drive to Denver to return products that needed to be corrected on behalf of her clients; or get on the phone with clients before most of us are out of bed to give them tracking information when that client needed that "last minute life and death order."

Lyn had the foresight and perseverance to create and maintain a viable and successful business in this community with high standards. Congratulations Lyn! Your success for all your businesses, especially the Welcoming Service is well deserved.

Memorial Day activities

Graduation is over, Memorial Day weekend is here and summer vacation has officially begun.

As we start into all the festivities, family fun and summer activities I have to play Mother Mary Jo just for a minute. Please be careful on those beautiful, yet treacherous rivers that abound in our area. Some flooding has occurred and the rivers are very swift. Just because you see people on the river does not mean that precautions should not be taken. Don't get those tubes out yet or Search and Rescue may just have to look for you at Navajo Lake!

Let's start out the weekend with "Kaleidoscope: A Spectrum of Sound for all Ages." 'This musical production at 7:30 p.m. Friday, in the high school auditorium will feature local musical talent such as Bluegrass Cadillac, the Hot Biscuits, Rio Jazz and the Community Choir Jazz Ensemble. The younger generation will also give encore performances from productions such as "Fame," "Fiddler on the Roof" and "Beauty and the Beast" just to name a few. This benefit concert is held to promote the arts in our schools. Tickets are $10 for adults and $5 for students and may be purchased at the Chamber of Commerce, the Plaid Pony and at the door.

Don't miss the aggregation of talent this community has to offer. Start the weekend off with a song in your heart!

On Saturday, you can shop your heart out at the community center arts and crafts show. Artisans will display their wares - jewelry, photography, paintings, clothing, crafts and so much more, 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Admission is free and you are bound to purchase at least one great item. This will get you in the mood for July's arts and crafts fair in Town Park.

We highlight the weekend with the Pagosa Springs Fiber Fest. Growing bigger and better every year, the Fiber Fest features those wooly animals such as sheep, angora goats, alpacas and llamas. You can find out all about the animals and watch demonstrations such as felting, weaving, spinning, dyeing wool, knitting and so much more. The event will again be at Archuleta County Fairgrounds, 9 a.m.-5 p.m. Saturday and 10 a.m.-4 p.m. Sunday. Admission is free and this is a fun event for the whole family. The weekend will culminate with a Navajo rug auction 5 p.m.-9 p.m. Sunday. Over 200 rugs will be on display, then go up for auction - a first for Fiber Fest. Let's hope the weather holds and enhances this weekend filled with lots to do for the whole family.

Don't forget there will be events going on in Creede and Mesa Verde too. I know you'll find something to do!

National Forest events

I hope most of you know that this year marks the 100th anniversary of the creation of the San Juan National Forest. There are lots of free events being held all throughout the summer. Here are some of the regional and local events in the upcoming weeks.

- Wednesday, June 1, at the Abbey Theater in Durango - "The Greatest Good," covering the history of the U.S. Forest Service will be shown.

- Thursday, June 2, at the Durango Arts Center - Teddy Roosevelt as portrayed by nationally known actor, Steve Stark.

- Thursday, June 2, at Pagosa Springs High School - the "Fiddlin' Foresters."

- Saturday, June 4, in Durango - the Centennial Parade.

More events will be held throughout the summer. Try to attend some of them to learn more of the history of our San Juan National Forest.

Tickets, tickets, etc...

We are one mean selling machine here at the Chamber. We still have tickets available for two Music in the Mountains concerts: July 22 with violinist Vadim Gluzman and Aug. 5 with pianist Antonio Pompa-Baldi. Both concerts are over 60-percent sold, so don't wait too long to get yours. Tickets are $40 per person and you may call in your order or come by and visit us and purchase your tickets.

We also have tickets for the following events: "Kaleidoscope" Friday; Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park auction tickets for June 25; and now Red Ryder Rodeo and dance tickets for the Fourth of July. We are happy to sell tickets for any of these events 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday through Friday. Make this your ticket stop as you complete your errands in town.

Hanging baskets

Last call to order your hanging baskets! If you've lost the order form we sent out, give us a call at to order your beautiful basket of flowers. These baskets are planted with flowers conducive to the heat and drought of this area and are pre-fertilized. You will also receive a packet of fertilizer to help your flowers grow throughout the season and to remind you to "Grow with the Chamber". These 12-inch baskets are $25 each and they will be delivered personally by a Chamber staff or board member. Except for watering your plants you can't get any better service than that. Give us a call at 264-2360 by Friday to order your flowers.


We are lucky to have some new members on board this week. First out of the chute is Ben Douglas and the Democratic Party. The local party functions through the county Central Committee. If you would like more information on meetings, events or this committee, call Ben at 264-5299.

There are many large companies now that contract out their payroll services. You can take that headache off your plate here in Pagosa with Bonnita Lynne and Payroll Perfect. This part of the business is often just a hassle with quarterly taxes, reports, W-2's, payroll tax deposits and the like. Bonnita can do all this for you with zealous attention to detail and timely, accurate information. Watch for her flyer in this month's Chamber newsletter and she is also offering a special rate if you sign up before June 30. Give her a call at 264-6448 for more great information. Great niche to fill here in Pagosa.

Now that the river is so high, you need to be in the hands of the rafting experts like Kevin Hughes and Canyon R.E.O. We welcome them back after a few year's hiatus. Canyon R.E.O. offers the splash and dash trips that are great for visiting friends and family who have a busy schedule but still want to experience the river fun. Fun, reasonably priced and offering a 20-percent discount for children 12 years and under, they can be reached at 264-3299 or (800) 272-3353.

The last of the new members this week is Rocky Mountain Outfitters. Is it almost that time of year again? It is, because Rocky Mountain Outfitters not only provides hunting trips but also fishing, camping and drop trips. Harvey and Angela Smith base out of Lake Vallecito and are very knowledgeable of this whole wildlife and fishing arena. Give them a call to arrange a well planned trip at 884-2074. If you're new to the area and need to find the best spots to hunt or fish, let the experts help you out.

Now who does not know this next business in town? It's your home town pharmacy - Jackisch Drug, our first renewal. Others are Jerry Driesens and Associated Brokers Real Estate; Eddie Dale and Dale Construction; Chuck McGuire and Mountain Appraisal.

I am also pleased to welcome back associate members, people very involved in the community and with the Chamber. Included are April Holthaus and Jim and Jean Carson; and last, a new membership I lost recently: James Stone and Buffalo Inn, which is replacing what we know as the 19th Hole. The Buffalo Inn is serving lunch in the bar starting at 11 a.m. and is offering lots of great lunch specials. Dinner is served in the restaurant from 5 to 9 p.m. They still have a full bar, Happy Hour, Live Entertainment, and great food. The Stones were recruited by Kathryn Heilhecker (welcoming diplomat extraordinaire) and we appreciate the referral. Buffalo Inn is at 164 N. Pagosa Blvd. I am so sorry for my oversight and would like to thank you for your support.

Photography contest

What a whirlwind these past couple of weeks have been as I had a deadline of getting a "photography or media" page printed representing Pagosa Springs. It came out beautifully thanks to the efforts of so many qualified photographers, a graphics designer, and the printer. Congratulations to winning photographers Bruce Andersen, Sherry Ryan Barnett, Sudeep Biddle, Amanda Breman, Jan Brookshier, David Hunter, Jeff Laydon, Elaine Nash-Putnam, Glen Raby, Barbara Rosner, Sam Snyder and Doug Trowbridge.

I would like to especially thank Rosner Creatives for turning this project around for me so quickly and so professionally, and Rainbow Printing, which did the same. Both businesses knew I had a very tight time frame and they spent extra time and effort to make this project happen. The final product is great and really encourages one to visit this beautiful place. This page will be placed in future media kits representing Pagosa and was given out to travel writers I met in Santa Fe and here in Pagosa. It is an impressive piece and the Chamber will also make it available to businesses for use in their business. The media sheet is the property of the Chamber and is used to promote the area. The pictures are the property of the photographers and they may be contacted to use the pictures. Give me a call if you are interested in seeing this sheet and using it in your business. Thank you to all for allowing us to represent Pagosa so artfully

Have a safe holiday weekend. Enjoy family, friends, events and the great outdoors.


Biz Briefs

Local hearing set for June 1 on next

Wolf Creek project

The Big Meadows Safety Improvement Project, part of the ongoing Wolf Creek Pass improvement program, is scheduled to begin next month.

Representatives of the Colorado Department of Transportation and contractor Kiewit Western, will host a June 1 special meeting to inform area residents what they can expect during the work period.

The session is planned 7 p.m. in the Archuleta County Commissioners meeting room in the county courthouse.

An overview of the construction schedule and a look at planned closures and traffic maintenance activities will be presented.

Road plan presentation gets new site

The second of two presentations announced last week for public viewing of a countywide road plan has been moved to a different location.

The June 15 meeting will be in the Extension building at the county fairgrounds, instead of the commissioners' office in the courthouse.

It will be open at 5 p.m. for viewing of maps and work schedules, with public discussion at 7 p.m.

The first meeting, June 2, will have the same schedule, at the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association clubhouse.


Biz Beat

The Buck Stops Here

Kevin Schuchart owns and operates The Buck Stops Here Meat Market, located west of town at 10501 West U.S. 160.

The Buck Stops here offers customers quality meats, store-made sausage, smoked fish, ribs, elk, buffalo, jerky and other items. Kevin has had great success selling the highest quality meats in the Four Corners since 2001 - higher quality meats at lower prices that those at the big groceries.

Now, The Buck Stops Here has teamed with Captain Glenn Hieronymus and will sell Certified Hieronymus® Seafood - a brand name that means high standards in seafood products and preparation. Along with regular mention on the Food Network and in publications showing its many successes, the Hieronymus® Seafood Company has proven to be the benchmark in the seafood business.

The Buck Stops Here will be selling a Fresh Catch of the Week, along with aged, choice Angus beef and free-range pork.

Call 731-3535.


Cards of Thanks
Ancient Cultures

Thank you to Paul and Carla Roberts for another successful Ancient Cultures program. Three times the charm!

Thank you to all the parents who helped back stage before, during and after the performance. Your efforts made this show run smoothly.

Thank you to all the staff of Pagosa Springs Intermediate School who have shown support and patience through all the drumming, singing and dancing that sometimes overflowed the classroom into the hallway.

Special thanks to Kathy Mymern, Julie Zimmer, Trish Davis, Tracy Schenk and Heidi Keshet; your assistance has always been invaluable. Thank you to Lisa Hartley who allows us to take over her space and the lighting lessons offered each year.

Thank you to the community for your outstanding support of the Ancient Cultures Program. Without you there would be no show.

Leeann Skoglund

Sixth-grade history

 Literacy support

Pagosa Springs Elementary School's numerous parent volunteers and "friends of the library" have greatly supported literacy through their contributions this school year.

Heading the fall and spring book fairs were Ronnie Doctor and Lisa Scott. Stephanie Jones and Dale Sattel hosted a fun, family storytelling evening at the school, The third annual book swap was chaired by Dawn Thomas. These ladies brought together many other volunteers to execute these important schoolwide events.

Other important contributors for their work as community supporters of the library include Eva Manbeck and Polly Parrish. Earning the title "Junior Librarians" for their endless energy and effort for the school library were Rita Harbur and Kathy Harker.

Ladies, the programs of the elementary school were stronger due to your many gifts. Thank you.

Cathne Holt

School librarian

 Teacher appreciation

The first week in May was very busy at Our Savior Lutheran Preschool. We couldn't have done it with out all the wonderful parents and donations from community members and businesses a special thank you needs to go out to all involved.

We started the week off with a limo ride from Brynwood Limo Services down to J.J.'s Upstream. The teachers dined in style all by themselves with a special menu prepared. Kim Brown went all out. Anette McInnis, Dee Farguson, Ann Bryant, Melissa Snarr and Mary Jo Janowsky said they felt like princesses!

It was rightly deserved as this great bunch makes up the Preschool and Kindergarten staff. The next day the teachers were pampered by the parents with a breakfast, thank you Rita Brown for running this so smoothly. Wednesday our ladies recieved a flower from each child and made bouquets. Thursday we celebrated Cinco de Mayo with our second annual potluck. What a feast and the teachers were presented with flower pots decorated by the students.

Thank you to Jean Garcia and Renee Cordova for all your work. Also thank you to Dorothy and Clancy from Dorothy's for five super gift certificates. On our final day of Teacher Appreciation week we presented each teacher a student created scrapbook. They loved these sentimental little books prepared so thoughtfully by the students and parents. Thank you to the Kraftin Post for helping us afford them! Inside each book was a speacial teacher treat.

Thanks to Carey Post from Touch of the Tropics for the complimentary massage, Anna Apple for the complimentary massage, Becky at Snips for the free hair cut and tanning and to the All About You Day Spa for the graciously discounted facial.

So often we neglect to tell our educators how much we appreciate them. I know our teachers felt our love and appreciation this week.

Stacey Lewis

 Pain free

I want to say thank you to all those people who helped me so much during my last episode with MS. Thanks to Marie Lattin for calling and stopping by everyday when I couldn't leave my apartment. Thanks also to Steve Sewell at NORA. For the first time in years, I've been without pain. And thanks especially to NORA and Terry Smith for making it possible for me to afford the treatments. I appreciate everyone's support.

Jeannine Taylor

 Martinez benefit

The benefit held recently for Sammy Martinez was a huge success, thanks to all our wonderful friends and family.

Please accept our heartfelt thanks for all your time and contributions. You all had a special gift to offer and your generosity and thoughtfulness will never be forgotten. We feel truly blessed to be part of such a close and caring community.

Sam is doing better each day and with all of us pulling for him and by the grace of God, he will be healed. Thanks again, you're all awesome!

Sam, Bev, Tosha,

Jesse, Dennis and Jordyn

 Martinez family

How thankful Jerry and I were to have been in Pagosa for the last five months of his life. The only reason we were away for the past nine years was because of his health.

Our family wants to thank Immaculate Heart of Mary, Guadalupe Society, Father Carlos, Dr. Mark Wienpahl, Hospice of Mercy, Mercy Hospital in Durango, the Pagosa Rotary Club members and the Pagosa EMTs.

In addition, but most of all, thank you to our friends in Pagosa and Durango. You know who you are and Jerry loved you all so very much as do Brad, Diana, Gilbert and all of our family.

Diana Martinez and the family of Jerry Martinez

 Salute tutors

A special thank you to three hard-working Pagosa Springs High School tutors — junior Max Redden and seniors Taryn Burnett and Raul Palmer.

These three have contributed greatly to the elementary school while working in the library. Special thanks for your willingness to take on a variety of assignments and carry out these tasks successfully.

Cathne Holt

School librarian



Sara Carver of San Jose, Calif., and Matt Coats of Rochester, Minn., were married in Durango May 21. Both are residents of Pagosa Springs. Sara is employed by Wells Fargo Bank and Matt by Parelli Natural Horse-Man-Ship.


Ron Barsanti and Pam Barsanti, of Pagosa Springs, announce the engagement of their daughter, Kelley Barsanti, to Brad Thoms, son of Bev and Dick Thoms, of Dickerson, Maryland. The two plan to wed Oct. 1, 2005, near their home in Portland, Ore. Kelley is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Environmental Science at Oregon Health and Science University. She claims she will finish by Dec. 24, 2005. Brad is a hydrologist at the Center for Groundwater Research at Oregon Health and Science University. He claims the marriage will be annulled if Kelley isn't finished by Dec. 24, 2005. Kelley and Brad plan to reside anywhere Kelley can get a job and the skiing is good.


Jenna Finney

Jenna Finney of Pagosa Springs is listed on the Dean's List for the 2005 spring semester at University of Portland.

Finney is a sophomore majoring in Spanish. Students need at least a 3.5 grade point average to be eligible for the list.

 Brent Slough

Brent Cleveland Slough, formerly of Pagosa Springs, will graduate Saturday from the United States Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.

He is the grandson of Pagosa resident Audrey Slough and her late husband, Wade.

Brent will now begin his five-year commitment of service to his country as a lieutenant in the United States Army.


Sports Page

Aupperle wins long jump title, Pirate boys third in state

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

While warm weather was melting snow and swelling the rivers in Pagosa Country Friday and Saturday, much warmer weather was melting athletes and spectators gathered in Pueblo for the Class 3A track championships.

The extreme heat was not enough, however, to keep the Pirate boys' track team from finishing third in the state. Pagosa scored 44 points. In second was Colorado Springs Christian with 47. First went to Gunnison, with 53.

The meet provided two lessons: one, regarding the payoff for hard work and dedication to your sport; the second that, when chance enters the picture, events you can neither predict nor control can affect your experience.

Leading the way for Pagosa, with a state championship performance was junior Daniel Aupperle who captured the title in long jump.

Aupperle's leap was the highlight of competition Friday. The junior set a new school record of 21 feet, 8 inches and bested his nearest rival - Nicholas Trout of Eaton - by 3 inches. Aupperle's winning jump also broke the Pagosa Springs High School record set in 1972 by current varsity girls' basketball coach Bob Lynch.

The only other Pirate to score points in a field event was Casey Schutz, in the triple jump. Schutz took seventh place overall with a distance of 40-10.

The 4x800-meter relay team came through with big points for Pagosa. Daren Hockett, Otis Rand, AJ Abeyta and Travis Furman captured second place in the finals with a time of 8 minutes, 17.69 seconds.

At the end of the day Friday, the Pirates led the team standings in Class 3A and it appeared, with several individual events ahead that promised points, and the very real chance of top finishes in some relays, the team could be in the hunt for the title.

But, it is sport. And sport includes the unexpected.

For example, injury. In this case to the Pirates' top sprinter, Jared Kinkead - a senior who was a driving force during the season and a major factor in the team's league and regional title efforts.

It happened in the finals of the 100-meter dash. Kinkead, who qualified in third place for the event, had a great start out of the blocks. At the halfway point of the race, the Pirate was pushing as hard as he could. As it turns out, harder than his body would allow. Kinkead injured his hamstring two-thirds of the way down the track and bravely finished the event, hobbled and visibly hurt.

There were few points in the race for Pagosa. And there would be none in the open 200 when, after gamely but unsuccessfully testing the damaged leg, Kinkead could not compete. He had qualified fourth in that event.

Moreover, Kinkead's part in relay action was destroyed by the injury. In the 4x100 preliminaries, the Pirates topped the qualifiers with a time of 44.84. They finished eighth in the finals with a substitute runner in an event in which precision counts and repetitions are necessary for successful teamwork. A hastily assembled team of Paul Armijo, Paul Przybylski, Aupperle and Corbin Malette finished in 46.64

The 4x200 team qualified second in the prelims with a time of 1:31.52, a mere two-hundredths of a second behind Gunnison. In the finals, the Pirates put together an excellent finish, with senior Manuel Madrid taking Kinkead's place alongside Armijo, Aupperle and Przybylski. The Pirates took second place with a time of 1:33.42.

Rand provided the punching power for the Pirates in individual events Saturday, ending his Pirate career with two outstanding races. The senior was third in the 400. He qualified for the race with a time of 51.43 then ran a 51.04 Saturday to earn the laurels. In the 800, Rand finished fourth, crossing the finish line in 2:02.01. "Otis ran great races for us," said Coach Connie O'Donnell. "And he ran them close together in that heat. He did a fine job for us."

Aupperle was not the only Pirate to break a school record at Pueblo. Rand broke a record in the 800 set in 1991 and the 4x200 relay team bested a 1999 mark.

O'Donnell was understandably disappointed at the blow struck by bad fortune, but she also regarded the team's performance with great pride.

"I couldn't stop seeing that 100-meter dash in my head, again and again" she said. "They did very well, but after that 100, Saturday was pretty mopey. But, we need to recognize this meet was a great accomplishment. You have to remember, it wasn't that long ago we qualified three people for state and no one placed. This program is headed in the right direction and the seniors have a lot to do with it. This is the first group of seniors I've been with for all four years. We have five senior boys on this team and three of them were with us for four years. Our seniors are Daren Hockett, Paul Armijo, Manuel Madrid, Jared Kinkead and Otis Rand."

O'Donnell was philosophical about the outcome of the meet. "You think about it ... sports teaches you about life," she said. "If you can't handle adversity in sport, you can't handle it in life. There's something to be learned."


All-time best by Pirate girls at state track meet

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

The Pirate girls' track team spent two days in a blast furnace in The Steel City last week and emerged stronger than when they entered, finishing fourth in the Class 3A state championships in Pueblo. It was the highest state finish ever for a Pirate girls' track team.

The team's total points also set a new mark. The Pirates scored 42 points, four points behind Gunnison, five behind Lamar and 13 behind state champ Platte Canyon.

Like their male counterparts, the Pirates were in the top echelon of teams at the meet throughout the two-day competition, and led the pack two-thirds of the way through Friday's events.

While other teams piled on points sufficient to pass the Pirates on the final day, several key relay and individual performances kept the Pagosans in the mix.

The top individual finish at the meet was recorded by sophomore Kim Fulmer. The Pirate capped an outstanding season, running in sprint events and relays, with a third-place finish in the 400-meter dash.

Fulmer placed third in Friday's preliminary race and qualified for the field of eight runners in the final. Her time in the prelim was 1 minute, 1.22 seconds. In Saturday's final, Fulmer bested her time in the preliminary heat, crossing the line in 1:01.03.

Pirate junior Emilie Schur earned team points with individual finishes in the 800, 1600 and 3200-meter runs - each completed in sweltering heat. Friday, the veteran Schur took fourth in the mile, crossing the finish line after 1600 meters of racing with a time of 5:24.94.

Saturday, Schur took on competitors and the extreme conditions at Dutch Clark Stadium in the 800 and 3200 - the races run ominously close together. Schur finished fourth in the 800, with a time of 2:22.34. Later that afternoon, with temperatures on the floor of the stadium exceeding 120 degrees, Schur battled her way to sixth place in the 3200 with a time of 12:16.04.

Mia Caprioli also earned points in an individual event. The junior was eighth in the 100, finishing in 13.57.

Girls' relay events proved to be prime point earners for Pagosa, and the points were garnered with exceptional performances in the finals.

The 4x100 relay team of Caprioli, Nikki Kinkead, Jana Henry and Fulmer tied for sixth in the prelims, posting a time of 52.29. In the finals, the team stepped it up, posting a time of 52.25 - good for fourth place.

The turnaround in the 4x200 was even more dramatic. Finishing in seventh place Friday with a time of 1:50.58, Caprioli, Kinkead, Liza Kelley and Jessica Lynch managed a 1:49.20 in the finals to move up to second place in the state.

Second place also went to the 4x800 relay team of Lynch, Schur, Bri Scott and Jen Webb-Shearston. The foursome finished with a time of 9:43. 96.

Pagosa's 4x400 team of Lynch, Fulmer, Kelley and Camille Rand placed eighth and scored points with a time of 4:14.95, besting their preliminary time by three seconds.

With the performance at Pueblo, Pagosa's track program has become a force to be reckoned with - rising to the top of Class 3A in a few years' time. With an excellent facility at Golden Peaks Stadium, and a program energized by an outstanding coaching staff and veteran athletes, the results are likely to continue to improve in the future - one enhanced by the fact only two athletes graduate this year: Henry and Scott.

"This team was only thirteen points from the state championship," said Coach Connie O'Donnell. "It's the highest we've ever finished and the most points we've ever scored at this meet. One thing that impressed me," she said, "is we had so many girls run races scheduled fairly close together. Emilie ran a great eight hundred Saturday then came right back and ran a thirty-two hundred, and placed in both."

O'Donnell credited much of the team's success to her senior leadership. "Janna Henry has been there for four years and she and Bri and the other upperclassmen set a standard. In the past, at state, our girls were happy just to be there. This year, there was a huge difference in the mindset; they wanted to place, wanted to be in the finals. That attitude spreads from the older girls to the younger ones and they learn to think that way too. I'm really excited by the fact we're losing only two members of the team, and I'm excited by who is coming back next year."

Two school records fell at Pueblo: the 1600 relay team broke its own school record, set earlier this season, and the 3200-meter relay team broke a record set last year at the state meet.


Soccer champion Pirates place five on all-league list

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Pagosa Springs sophomore offensive midfielder Laurel Reinhardt was the leading vote getter when Southwest Mountain Conference coaches and athletic directors named their all-conference team.

The list, released Friday, has three members of the league winning Pirates listed.

First teamers, in addition to Reinhardt, were defensive sweeper Kailey Smith and junior striker Jennifer Hilsabeck, the team's and league's overall scoring leader.

Also named for honorable mention were senior wing Brittany Corcoran, also a prolific scorer, and senior wing Caitlyn Jewell.

Telluride, the second place team, and one which dealt Pagosa its only league loss, placed three on the list, Traci Ranta, Riley McIntyre and Katherine Hess.

Others named were keeper Eva Duce and Jeremy Fagrelius of Ridgway, Danielle Bemelen of Bayfield, Kelcey Lyons of Ignacio and Myda Villagomez of Center.

Other honorable mentions went to Cristal Hibbard of Ridgway and Suzanne Bemelen of Bayfield.


Free tennis clinics for all, June 4

Free tennis clinics for all - ages five and up - will be held 9 a.m.-noon June 4 at Fairfield Tennis Center.

Participants get a chance to learn the game basics or improve their games.

Clinics are for both first-time players and those who have played before. Racquets will be available for those who do not have their own and for those who would like to examine the latest in tennis technology.

All players should wear tennis shoes and sun protection. Clinics will be conducted by Dave Umlah, regional Prince pro, USPTA pro Sharp Atkinson and Dale Schwicker, local USTA pro.

This annual season kick-off is being offered as a service to resort residents, the community and local players alike

To register, or for more information, call 731-3363.

Pagosa rock climbers open season

By John Middendorf

SUN Columnist

Around a dozen of Pagosa's rock climbers celebrated the opening of the rock climbing season Sunday with an informal gathering at the Piedra cliffs, in an idyllic spot along the Piedra River,

Top-ropes were set up by the local experts, and many came with just their shoes and harnesses to climb the myriad of routes offered at the Piedra cliffs. (Around 16 miles up Piedra Road - park just after the bridge, then proceed downstream along the river about 10 minutes).

There was lots of shade for onlookers, everybody was welcome to both hang out and climb, and a fun time was had by all. Ann Bubb of Switchback Mountain Gear, gave out freebies to those who attended, including free climber's chalkbags and hats.

The local sandstone climbing area offers world class climbs ranging in difficulty from 5.8 to 5.11 on excellent rock.

Steve Price, head of the local Climber's Coalition, is planning to establish some easier routes for beginners on the cliffs.

Rock climbing offers a great way to stay in shape, meet new friends, get outdoors into beautiful places, and is quite safe with modern equipment and training.

For those interested in getting started in rock climbing, contact Switchback Mountain Gear located in downtown Pagosa Springs.


Three Sweet 16 baseball Pirates all-conference

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Three Pagosa Springs Pirate underclassmen were named to the Intermountain League baseball all-conference team Friday.

Representing Pagosa were junior center fielder-pitcher Josh Hoffman, junior catcher Jakob Reding and sophomore third baseman Karl Hujus.

All three were noted for their hitting prowess on a team which sometimes scored runs in bunches of 10 or more.

The second place Pirates lost their opening state playoff game to perennial power Eaton.

Joining the Pirates were four from first place Bayfield, including senior Cody Moore who was also named the league player of the year.

Other Wolverines cited were junior Jason Cathcart, senior Eric Yarina and, an honorable mention went to junior Dan Byrd.

First teamers for Monte Vista were junior pitcher-shortstop Sigi Rodriguez, senior Scott Myers with junior Matt Gonzales an honorable mention.

Rounding out the first team was Centauri junior Nate Lucero.

Other honorable mentions were Derek Rodriguez, Abel Romero and Andy Price of Ignacio.

Bayfield coach Ken Hibbard was chosen the league coach of the year.


Junior golf program will open fourth year

The Pagosa Springs Golf Club will again conduct a junior golf program, open to youngsters who are interested in learning to play golf or who already play and want to enhance their skills.

The allowable age groups are from 5 years old (by June 1, 2005) through 18 years old.

Players will receive direction from Jim Amato, club pros and local volunteers.

The program will run June 2-July 12, a six-week session with a season ending tournament. Age group days will be:

- 5-7 - (depending on skill level) Tuesdays, 12:15-1:30 p.m. Four weeks will be at the gym and two weeks at the golf course;

- 8-12 - Thursdays, 2-3 p.m. at the golf course;

- 13-18 - Thursdays, 3-4 p.m. at the golf course.

The cost is $65.

All interested golfers should come to the Pagosa Springs Golf Club as soon as possible and register for the program.

A deal has been made with a junior club manufacturer to get clubs at a volume discount. These clubs will be available at cost to anyone in the program.

If anyone would like to get in on the order, call Jim Amato 731-4888.


Sanborn wins women's low putt event; team tops league standings

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

With a low putt format for league play May 17, Pagosa Women's Golf Association saw Barbara Sanborn finish first with 30.

Josie Hummel was second with 33 and tied for third with 34 putts each were Nancy Chitwood and Benny Lohman.

The Pagosa Women's Golf Team traveled to Kirtland Riverview May 19 for match play against Aztec Hidden Valley. Pagosa scored 38 points and currently holds first place in the traveling league, with 86 points.

Representing Pagosa at Kirtland were Jane Stewart, Jan Kilgore, Barbara Sanborn, Cherry O'Donnell, Josie Hummel, Nancy Chitwood, Audrey Johnson and Loretta Campuzano.

Sanborn, team captain, said "the team has played exceptionally well in its first two matches of the season," and looks forward to continued success in team play events.


Terry Brands, Wrestle the World camp June 1-5

World Champion wrestler Terry Brands will once again hold his Wrestle the World Outdoor Training Camp at the Poma Ranch, June 1-5.

Brands is currently employed at the United States Olympic Training Center as a resident coach of the USA National Team. His resume as an athlete includes wrestling at the University of Iowa (under the tutelage of Coach Dan Gable) where he won two NCAA titles, freestyle world championships in 1993 and 1995 and an Olympic bronze medal in 2000.

The camp includes technique sessions every morning, followed by dual meet competitions in the afternoon and evening.

Teams from Wyoming, New Mexico, Arizona, Kansas, Texas and Colorado are currently scheduled to compete.

School-age wrestlers who wish to attend can still register. Contact Dan Janowsky, 264-4554.

Spectators are welcome.


Scramble score of 60 a winner in men's golf

By Bill Curtiss

Special to The SUN

A four-man scramble kicked off the second Pagosa Springs Golf Club Men's League event of the season May 18 with sunny skies and temperatures in the 70s.

First place went to the team of Jim Miner, Ranza Boggess, Theo Vanderwiede and Mike Hayward with a winning score of 60.

In second place was the team of Dennis Yerton, David Prokop, Ed Day and Bob Jones, with a score of 63.

All interested players are invited to join the Men's League which plays every Wednesday at 1 p.m.


Girls basketball camp planned June 6-8 at PSHS

The Pagosa Springs Lady Pirates will hold a basketball camp June 6-8 for girls entering grades four to eight.

The camp will be 9 a.m.-noon daily in the high school gym. Bob Lynch, head girls basketball coach, and several Lady Pirates including Liza Kelley, Caitlyn Forrest, Emily Buikema and Kari Beth Faber, will serve as coaches and instructors for the camp.

Pagosa girls have a great tradition of success over the past 15 years and plan to continue this level of achievement by ensuring that young girls learn the fundamentals of the game, learn to have fun through success and also learn to compete at a high level.

All campers will receive a regulation girls basketball and Girls Hoops T-shirt.

To register send a check for $25 made out to Pagosa Girls Basketball to Bob Lynch, 226 N. Honeysuckle Ave. in Pagosa. Registration will be $30 the day of the camp and is limited to 60 girls.

Call 731-3007 if you have questions.


Pagosa Springs Recreation

Adults are the examples their children follow

By Myles Gabel

SUN Columnist

Message to adults: "Be careful, your attitude is showing!"

Why is profanity, trash talking and whining starting to show up more in youth sports all over the country?

We know how children learn. They see it, they hear it, they try it. Kids have had their "mouths washed out with soap" for generations. Some kids will respond, some won't.

In our adult sports programs we actually have three pages associated with a "Code of Conduct" for our participants. Dr. Darrell Burnett, a clinical and sport psychologist, author and lecturer lends the following remarks to this important topic.

"An important question is, how does a ten-year-old develop an attitude toward youth sports that got them so upset, frustrated, stressed out, etc., that they react with profanity?

"I think the answer may lie in the old saying, 'The acorn doesn't fall far from the tree.' As parents, we have to be aware that our behaviors, whether as spectators or as coaches, often set the tone for our kids' attitudes toward youth sports. Do we give positive encouragement, or critical judgmental remarks? Do we show a calm demeanor, or heated overreactions to mistakes? Do we praise participation, or game statistics? Are we preoccupied with standings, all-star status and trophy accumulation? Have we developed a reputation for hurling offensive remarks at the officials or opponents? It's confusing for kids. They're told to 'have fun,' but they see and hear adults on the sidelines who appear to be having anything but fun.

"As adults, we often tend to focus on the 'end product,' rather than the 'process.' When an adult arrives at game's end and sees the kids coming off the field, what is the first word out of his/her mouth? It's usually, 'Who won?' or 'Did you score any goals (get any hits, etc.)?' With our emphasis on the end product, we run the risk of teaching our kids to focus strictly on outcome rather than process. Their idea of success then becomes based upon outcome (winning) rather than process (skill improvement). Mistakes are no longer viewed as opportunities to learn. They are seen as occasions of failure, setting the scene for profane overreactions."

So, if you're an adult involved in youth sports in Pagosa Springs and you come across one of those mouthy 10-year olds, it's not enough to have a talk with them. You've got to change the attitude. And it might involve changing your own. As parents, if you're looking to develop a positive attitude in your kids, you would do well to watch your own behaviors at athletic events. Next time you go to a game, remember, your attitude is showing, and your kids are watching.

Adult softball

Adult softball is right around the corner. Put your teams together for the upcoming leagues. Men's and coed leagues will be offered this year beginning in mid-June. Call the recreation department to reserve a spot for your team.

Rockies Skills Challenge

Young baseball fans can exhibit their baseball skills when Pagosa Springs Recreation Department hosts a Rockies Baseball Skills Challenge competition at the Pagosa Springs Sports Complex, 10 a.m. Saturday, June 11.

The competition is free and open to boys and girls ages 6 through 13. Boys and girls have separate divisions. Age classification is determined by a youngster's age as of Dec. 31 this year.

Rockies Baseball Skills Challenge is a baseball competition that allows youngsters to showcase their talents in base running, batting and throwing with scores based on speed, distance and accuracy. Top scorers from each age group advance to a sectional competition.

Baseball has begun

Now that the weather has cooperated, our 6-8 Coach-Pitch, 9-10 Mustang, 11-12 Bronco and 13-14 year old Pony Baseball leagues are underway and will continue through June.

The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department seeks individuals interested in officiating youth baseball and/or adult softball. High school students may apply. Compensation is $10-$25 per game depending on age group and experience. Call immediately if interested.

Adult soccer

Adult soccer is back. Anyone interested in playing coed adult soccer should go the soccer field adjacent to the Pagosa Springs High School football stadium every Tuesday at 6 p.m. If you need additional information call the recreation department and have your name placed on our team lists.

Sports Hotline

Information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department may be found by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to and going to the Parks and Recreation link. All schedules and upcoming events are updated every Monday morning.

For additional information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, please contact Myles Gabel, recreation supervisor at 264-4151, Ext. 232.


Pagosa Springs Parks

Annual clean-up rule violations endanger program's future

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

We are proud to announce the crew for the 2005 Park Fun Program.

Co-directors Heather Hunt and Bekka Blaurett, are planning a summer full of fun activities for children 5-12.

Caitlin Forrest returns for her fourth summer of helping out with the program. New to the staff this year are Jamie Kern, Sandra Griego and Naquita Rivas. We look forward to a great summer. We will meet weekdays at the junior high school.

Preregistration is taking place 1-5 p.m. today and Friday in Town Hall. Please think about preregistering your child to avoid a hectic and frustrating first day when the program opens 8 a.m. May 31.

Our thanks to Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church, managing trustee for the John Marinoni Stewardship Fund. For the second year in a row the stewardship has awarded scholarship money to the program. Anyone wanting to apply for assistance must qualify through the Pagosa Springs Parks and Recreation Department. Partial scholarships are available upon qualification.


Every year we say the same things about the annual clean-up. We ask the public to abide by the rules and regulations set by the town and Archuleta Solid Waste. For the most part, the clean-up was a success. However, the number of man hours spent cleaning up overflowing Dumpsters and debris from Dumpster placement areas are growing beyond what is reasonable.

Please have respect for the free program or we could lose it. It became too much of a burden for the county crew, and now the people living in the county must use the free day at the landfill June 4 for their clean-up. There are no longer Dumpsters in areas of the county in which to deposit your household trash. The original plan was that Dumpsters in town were for town residents, but we had no way of policing them 24 hours a day, so people from throughout the county used them.

I think if we had limited the program to household waste, with no appliances or tree branches, we would have been fine. But, abusing a privilege may lose us our annual free dumping week.

Let's work together so we can keep this great program in the future; it is one of the most successful programs we have.



A Village without rules?

One subject has occupied the lion's share of this space the last month and we will press on, considering again the relationship between development and regulation, between those who rightfully seek to gain by alteration of their property and the communities and their governments that bring to bear rules and regulations to mitigate that change.

There is no better example of the relationship, and of the problems therein, than the proposed Village at Wolf Creek.

From an emotional perspective we regard the proposed project as a disaster - similar to what we think of much that has occurred in Colorado over the past 30 to 40 years. This project seems self-indulgent, lacking in sensitivity to the environment and its neighbors. If built, it could be a burden on nearby communities despite tax revenues flowing to Mineral County. It will significantly, and we believe negatively, affect nearby communities into which no tax revenues flow.

Intellectually, however, we are advocates of property rights and we realize that, given they meet certain conditions, landowners must have the right to develop their properties and do business. And, we repeat, it is the role of local, county, state and federal governments to ensure regulations are in place, that those regulations reflect community standards, that there are tools in hand to allow representatives to mitigate development in accord with the common good.

The Village at Wolf Creek is a prime example of a situation in which we should ask: "Is government doing its job?"

We believe not.

One recent example is an April 26 meeting held by the U.S. Forest Service. Reportedly, the meeting was held by District Ranger Tom Malacek and was attended by several elected officials as well as by representatives of the Division of Wildlife, the Army Corps of Engineers, the Colorado Department of Transportation and the Environmental Protection Agency.

When Rep. Mark Larson asked former state Senator Jim Dyer to attend in his place, Dyer agreed, traveled to the meeting site and was refused admission.

So much for government's openness as well as for its need to assess community standards. Every action taken by government with regard to this controversial proposal should occur in the clear light of day and it is a failure of government when it does not happen.

Second is the issue of the Scenic Easement enacted by the Forest Service in conjunction with the land trade that brought the land proposed as the site for the Village at Wolf Creek into private hands. We believe every aspect of this easement should be retained before any development at the site is allowed. We know, too, the Pitcher family, the owners of Wolf Creek Ski Area, believes the same. We think this is even more important given that the 1986 land exchange was denied due to concern for the negative effect on the ski area, that it was successful only when a condition was imposed that the Scenic Easement be put in place to ensure the ski area and development on federal land were compatible.

Larson wonders about the situation and expresses his concerns in recent letters to U.S. Forest Service officials. In one letter, he asks for a response from the USFS concerning the conduct of the April 26 meeting. In a second letter, he urges the Forest Service to uphold terms of the easement - to demand a full set of development plans as required by the Scenic Easement, and to analyze whether the current Village proposal "contains flagrant violations" of the terms of the easement, specifically those concerning building heights and storage of hazardous products.

Larson requested a reply to the letters and we are anxious to see them.

Just as we are anxious for our government to make sure the developers of the Village at Wolf Creek play by the rules. All the rules.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

Meeting the graduate challenge

By Richard Walter

SUN Columnist

If you were asked to speak at graduation exercises, what message would you deliver?

There are the tried and true "the world is yours" gambit; the exhortation to "step up and lead," and even the long overused "have a vision."

I've covered many such occasions in 55 years in this business and there have been few which struck a positive cord ... teens are ready to fling the cap and get out ... but they want one last message of encouragement as they enter the so-called "adult world."

They already know more about it than most of the adults do. Internet links take them to every corner of the world. They can dial up the battle of the day from Baghdad or a pornography site you'd never have dreamed of.

So, what do you say to them?

Perhaps it is that "we wish we had better prepared you for this world you're about to encounter".

Or, we could challenge them to remember those who guided their growth, safeguarded their lives, imparted their own wisdom or leveled challenges for them to succeed.

Should we tell them the secrets of life as we know them (or how we got this world in such a mess for them to straighten out)?

With four years of college ahead for most of them, would it be correct to ask them not to join sororities or fraternities because they are "links to physical and moral destruction"; or to not play collegiate sports because "they're based upon illegal payments, illegal grades and jobs which need not be completed"?

As they twist and turn in their chairs as the party of all parties awaits, should they be cautioned that life is what they make of it, that everything to this point has been the laying of foundations for behavior, study, perseverance and their own efforts for success?

Should they be told, as a recent national survey indicated, they'll likely change their major and/or career goal at least twice in college and at least two more times after graduation?

Ought we tell those preparing to enter the armed services it is a tough choice to make in an era when the U.S. military is spread too thin, is seemingly improperly outfitted for their assignments, and is putting lives on the line for unknown political benefits they will never have a part of?

Does the graduate need to be fed the same old "study hard and the problems of the future will be yours to solve" when already there are problems the nation's leaders blithely ignore while spending the students' generation into taxes we couldn't begin to pay ourselves?

Talk about tough assignments! Just what should the perfect matriculation message impart?

I think that first we have to recognize the majority of the students have much more depth than we give them credit for. I think the majority have studied closely where their talents lie, where they can play a role in our future as they develop one for themselves.

I think they need encouragement to stand by their convictions, to face each defeat and each victory as it comes, with courage, commitment and resolve to succeed.

I think they need to know our pride in them.




90 years ago

Taken from The Pagosa Springs SUN files of May 28, 1915

It has been suggested that the big dancing pavilion to be erected for the 4th celebration be built in a solid and substantial manner and left standing as a permanent place of amusement for the people of the town. The idea is a good one.

That carload of eight new Ford cars recently sold to Pagosa citizens by the Pagosa Springs Motor Co. is at present tied up at Alamosa waiting for suitable narrow gauge cars to complete the transit. The D.&R.G. has but four freight cars designed for auto transportation and they are now in use in hauling lumber. Some system! Meanwhile our auto enthusiasts are howling.

The Pagosa Boy Scouts spent a couple of days on a hike to West Fork the first of the week.

 75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 30, 1930

Dr. B.D. Ellsworth's dental office building, which occupied a portion of the Goodman property, was moved Saturday to make room for the new Goodman building. It was purchased by Marion Bartlett and has been added to his holdings at his filling station at the corner of San Juan and Seventh streets.

Memorial Day was observed today under the auspices of the Women's Civic Club, a splendid musical and patriotic program being rendered in the park, which was followed by a short program at the cemetery. The two highways to the cemetery have been occupied most of the day by those who have been paying their respects to relative and friends at rest. Many beautiful tombstones have been placed in the cemetery during the past month.

 50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 27, 1955

Traffic on Highway 160 about one mile west of Yellow Jacket Pass was tied up for about half an hour Thursday after a bus loaded with typewriters, adding machines and clerical supplies caught fire at about 5:45 p.m. and was consumed by flames. The bus was traveling west on the highway up a grade. The driver told the state patrol that the vehicle backfired when he shifted from high to second gear. The driver stopped the vehicle along the roadway and got out to investigate. When he raised the rear panel of the bus, flames shot out striking him in the face and spreading rapidly over the bus. Traffic was held up on the highway due to the danger of exploding gas. Sheriff Norman Ottaway of Pagosa Springs fought the flames at the roadside with the aid of prisoners and other volunteers.

 25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 29, 1980

There will be a big high school rodeo here Friday, Saturday and Sunday, with high schools from all over the state being represented. It is expected that there will be close to 150 high school rodeo contestants, with 12 being from the local club.

The Red Ryder Roundup grounds now sport what it probably the best set of stock pens in the entire Southwest. Work in constructing the pens was mainly through the efforts of Worth Crouse and welding class students. Rodeo committee members and other interested persons assisted, but the welding was done by present and former students in the welding class. The pens will be there for a long time, with minimum maintenance.



Improvements designed to increase river's

intrinsic value

By John Middendorf

Special to The SUN

Blessed are those with a river through town.

To many residents of Pagosa, the draw of the San Juan River is magical.

For this writer, there is something reassuring about crossing over the river's bridges every day on my way about town, seeing its movement and variant flows. On any given beautiful spring day, hikers, boaters and fishermen can be seen enjoying the river and its banks in increasing numbers.

Like many towns in the Southwest, Pagosa Springs is making improvements to enhance the intrinsic value of the river to the town. On May 10, Gary Lacy from Recreational Engineering and Planning, presented Phase II (from the Hot Springs to the Apache Bridge) and Phase III (from the Apache Bridge to the southern boundary of town) of the enhancements planned for the river corridor.

The images and architectural renderings of the proposals offer a great vision of increased access to the river, with wading pools and beaches for families and children, and paths and footbridges that weave along the river. The improvements will also establish handicapped access to the river and publicly accessible hot pools from geothermal sources (that are currently below water level).

The new plans incorporate and balance the needs of fish habitat, river recreation, and flood control.

One of the central aspects of the new plan will be a Whitewater Park. Phase I was constructed during the low water flows this winter with equipment donated by Davey Pitcher, of the Wolf Creek Ski area, and has been a great success with the boaters in the region. The "Town Run" as it is known among boaters, has picked up in popularity since the improvements and, on any given day, local boaters as well as boaters from neighboring towns can be seen "putting in."

The main feature across from The Springs is a rock wall jutting out perpendicularly from shore, creating a nice soft wave that provides good surf for kayakers and is thrilling to rafters. In addition to the main feature, other strategically placed boulders provide eddies and refuge for the fish in the river.

In a long history of modifications made to the upper San Juan River corridor, the previous alterations were based on the assumption that "W" shaped features enhanced fish habitat. Some have questioned this assumption, with one professional fishing guide at the May 10 planning meeting claiming the fish population actually decreased in the section of river through town after the W's were built, yet there has not been a scientific study to verify this

Regardless, the "W's" have proven to be a public hazard, as they create a dangerous recirculating flow. Because the "W's" have a long arm of rock angling upstream from shore, the pour-over on the downstream side can create a bad "keeper" wave, and a person caught in the pourover can actually travel upstream along the "W" feature in the recirculating water. This is known as being "Maytagged" (after the common washing machine brand), and can be quite traumatic and life threatening.

In addition, the "W's" can split the main channel flow of the river, which some consider detrimental to the health of a river in low water conditions. In light of more modern river designs made in other towns in the Southwest, there is verifiable evidence that river recreation and fish habitat are in fact not only compatible, but can both be enhanced with more modern design of river hydrologic features.

Mark Garcia, town manager, has set up an advisory committee which includes members of the boating and fishing communities, to provide input on the river plan as part of the town's overall master plan.

Phase II improvements will add seven or eight new hydrologic structures to the San Juan River, and will be designed to not only extend the river season, but also provide features that will be useful to boaters in both low water and high water conditions, as well as enhance sediment transfer and fish habitat.

The extended boating season should be of great economic benefit to the community. In addition to bringing visitors from all over the west, public events will also be able to be hosted. Kathy Metz, Durango Parks and Recreation director, cites a study of Durango's Town Park which brought over $1.5 million to the community in the first few weeks following improvements to the Animas River town section when they hosted a nationally televised Olympic kayak slalom trial.

She also reports that with a season like the current one, people "are coming in by the droves to paddle." Other towns such as Salida, Steamboat Springs, Glenwood Springs, Vail and Breckenridge, also with beautiful rivers running through their towns, have made recreational enhancements and have seen similar significant economic return. The recreational benefits are incalculable.

A gathering to celebrate Pagosa's river is planned Sunday, June 26, with food, beer and music, $10 river trips and events. There will be lots of activities for young and old.

As Doug Large, avid boater and one of the facilitators of the event says, "The new river improvements are definitely an enhancement to the beauty and fun of the San Juan to everyone as well as boaters."

Child Find helps developmentally disabled youth

By Patti Skoglund,

Child Find Coordinator

The best kept secret in our area is the San Juan Board of Cooperative Services Child Find Team.

No, this team doesn't find missing children, rather the people on the team screen and/or evaluate children suspected of having a disability or developmental delay.

The team works for San Juan Board of Cooperative Services (BOCS), an organization that provides special education and other services for the five school districts in our area, including Pagosa Springs, Durango, Ignacio, Bayfield and Silverton.

The team also works closely with San Juan Kids, an organization that works with families and children from birth to 3 years of age.

The Child Find Team consists of a Child Find coordinator, early childhood special educator, speech/language therapist, occupational therapist, physical therapist, audiologist, school nurse, school psychologist, service coordinator, social worker and parents.

Although anyone in the community can refer a child from birth to age 5 for a free screening, the referrals generally come from physicians, preschools, day-care providers, Women, Infants, and Children Services, the San Juan Basin Health Department and parents.

After a referral is made, the Child Find coordinator contacts the parents to obtain more information and to determine who should meet with the parents and child. Often the parents are simply given suggestions that can help their child, and a date is scheduled for a follow up screening. If further assessment is warranted, an evaluation is scheduled. Vision and hearing are checked before an evaluation takes place.

A play approach is used during the evaluation. In fact, the name of the evaluation is called a transdisciplinary play based assessment. This is just a long name to say that the team members will be playing with the child to determine developmental levels of functioning.

Parental involvement is critical. Parents complete a birth history and developmental checklist and are invited to the evaluation because they know their child the best. After the initial evaluation, the team gets back together and writes a developmental evaluation report. A meeting is then scheduled to discuss the child's strengths and needs, and qualification for services.

Based on a child's needs, parents have many options. Children may receive services within preschools, a neighborhood elementary school, or another mutually agreed upon location.

This is just a quick snapshot of the services provided by the BOCS Child Find Team. Please Call the Child Find Team coordinator at 247-3261, ext. 146, for more information or to refer a child.

The services the Child Find Team provides are too valuable to be kept a secret any longer.

Reach Child Find Coordinator Patti Skoglund at 247-3261, ext. 146.

Pagosa's Past

Utes held the peace here;Meeker debacle exploded

By John Motter

PREVIEW Columnist

The beginning of settlement in Pagosa Country took place during the late 1870s at the same time the last of the Indian wars were being fought. During this era were fought such monumental battles as the Red River War, Custer's Last Stand and other conflicts associated with settling Montana and the northern frontier, and the Meeker Massacre, also known as the Milk River War.

Settlers and Utes along the La Plata and across the Four Corners area seemed headed for all-out war when Col. Hatch and five companies of the Ninth Cavalry camped out on the La Plata River. Hatch's assignment was to find a way to prevent needless bloodshed. The Ute were insolent and told Hatch, "We have no ears to hear unless Ignacio agrees."

Hatch told Chief Ignacio the white troops had come to keep peace, but if the Utes wanted war, now was the time to begin. There would be no gifts except bullets, if necessary. The Utes agreed to hold the peace while meeting with a yet-to-be named commission.

On May 24, 1878, a Ute Commission was appointed consisting of Hatch, N.C. McFarland of Kansas, and William Stickney of Washington, D.C. Stickney was soon replaced by Lot M. Morrill of Maine. Negotiations conducted during the summer, some of them at Pagosa Springs, resulted in an agreement for a Ute reservation located on the headwaters of the Chama, Navajo, Blanco, Piedra, and San Juan Rivers. The reservation at that location never came to pass, but serious trouble with the Southern Utes had been avoided - at least for the time being.

Affairs were different in Meeker, headquarters of the Northern Ute Agency. N.C. Meeker had been appointed agent there in 1879. He quickly aroused serious resentment by making strenuous efforts to educate the Utes and turn them into farmers.

A crisis came in September of 1879 when a White River Ute leader named Johnson, a brother-in-law of Ouray, quarreled with Meeker and gave him a bad beating. It is said Meeker ordered the Utes to plow up an area used for horse racing and plant potatoes instead. Meeker appealed to the Army for help.

In response, Major T.T. Thornburgh, 4th Infantry, left Fort Frederick Steele in Wyoming on Sept. 21 with three companies of cavalry, one of infantry, and a train of twenty-five wagons.

Meeker also sent for Capt. Dodge with Company D of the 9th Cavalry, standing by somewhere in North Park. After spending the winter of 1878 and the spring of 1879 at Fort Lewis in Pagosa Springs, Dodge and his black cavalry had ridden back to Fort Garland in the San Luis Valley. From Fort Garland the Buffalo Soldiers moved north and were patrolling in North Park when the Meeker debacle exploded. It is said that Meeker's cry for help from Dodge was in the form of a note attached to a bush along a trail Dodge was expected to use.

Thornburgh's command reached Milk River a few miles north of the Agency on Sept. 29, crossed that stream after watering, and moved on but a short distance when several hundred Utes hidden in ridges above the trail opened a withering fire. Several soldiers were killed and Thornburgh ordered a retreat to the wagons hastily corralled about 200 yards from the river. During the retreat, Thornburgh was killed along with a number of his men.

More next week on Company D, 9th Cavalry, and the Battle of Milk River.




Date High Low Precipitation

Type Depth Moisture












































Officials feel crisis is past for most

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The 5,000 cubic foot per second flow mark on the San Juan River in Pagosa Springs was reached shortly after 1 a.m. Tuesday, but quickly dropped back.

The flow depth, however, has continued creeping up, standing at 7 a.m. Wednesday at 7.61 feet. It had reached 7.8 feet early Tuesday, the highest mark recorded this year.

Altthough snow melt is filling San Juan tributaries to banksfull mode, authorities still see a chance for the river flow to drop within the next 72 hours.

In fact, Russell Crowley, emergency services director for the county, said he and others coordinating data believe the crest was reached - on the San Juan, at least - late Tuesday.

He noted the most seriously affected area in the county seems to be on the lower Blanco River, where 12 homes were evacuated.

Around the county, however, other streams flowed over banks and waters were briefly in areas where they hadn't been seen in years. All of Archuleta County remained under a National Weather Bureau flood warning Wednesday morning despite the slowly receding waters.

Debris lines left as the levels receded indicated the near tragedy in some areas where businesses and homes were scant inches from water line.

The combined runoff of all the streams in the county is pumping water into Navajo Lake at an almost unbelievable 10,909 cubic feet per second with outflow below the dam holding at the maximum 5,042 for the past five days.

Lake level stood Tuesday (the last measurement available) at 6,071.49. Full pool in the lake is accepted as 6,083-plus, a figure that could be reached within 10 days at current flow.

The snow pack above 10,000 feet is still above average for date, standing Wednesday at 61.3 inches at the Upper San Juan Snotel site at an elevation of 10,300 feet. Snow water equivalent in that snow was measured at 35.4 inches - that means nearly three feet of melt yet to run to lower elevation. High temperature at the site was 66.4 degrees at 4 p.m. Tuesday, a temperature which could speed the high country meltdown.

The overnight low at the site was 33.4 degrees.

Despite the lowland flooding evident around the county and the heat index which has stabilized in excess of 80 degrees daytime temperature, there have been relatively few serious incidents to date.

Sandbagging has prevented damage is some areas but was too late in others. Crowley said the county's search and rescue unit and Road and Bridge Department cooperated in sandbagging efforts at key locations under stress.

One ranch at the state line where the San Juan bends toward Navajo Lake, was about 75 percent under water Tuesday. Only the home was high and dry despite ongoing efforts to channel overflow into other areas to protect cropland and grazing areas.

In Town Park in Pagosa Springs waters crept ever higher, with grills, benches and picnic tables in some cases out in the water. One of the two carvings done under contract earlier this year was in the main flow early Wednesday.

High water below the bridge at the east end of town showed a margin at times of about two feet between water surface and bottom of bridge.

At the Hot Springs Boulevard Bridge, flow was lapping onto the Riverwalk at the north end, an area normally 15-20 feet from waterline.

There have been unconfirmed reports of rural bridges out in several locations and one report of a slide closing Buckles Lake Road 3.2 miles north of U.S. 84.

The San Juan, after the 5,020 reading, was back at 4,420 cfs by 7 a.m. Wednesday, the depth at 7.61 feet. By noon it had dropped to 4,060 cfs and the depth to 7.43 feet.

Flood stage in Pagosa Springs is 8.96 feet.

On the lower Blanco, officials said, a horse arena washed out last year was taken again this year.

Blanco flow at 7:45 a.m. Wednesday was 960 cubic feet per second, highest so far this year.

Flow in the Navajo River reached 1,000 cfs early Tuesday, but by Wednesday morning was back down to 490, the consistent reading there, too.

The Piedra River had reached a season high of 4,310 cfs early Monday, but receded to 3,960 at 7 a.m. Wednesday. At the same time, however, depth had dropped from 5.14 to 5.06 but was rising again to 5.08 as the morning reading was recorded.

Area emergency management officials were thanking their lucky stars there had been no precipitation in the past week. Any fall, they say, would have exacerbated flooding conditions because runoff soaked ground would not have held new rainfall.

With that in mind, they are keeping a wary eye on the skies for the critical next four days and, if they can believe the National Weather Service forecast, may have reason for a good feeling.

The forecast through Tuesday sees some cloud cover but no precipitation and with the partly cloudy skies lower daily high temperatures.

The forecast called for a high of 82 under partly cloudy skies today, mostly clear and a low of 35 tonight.

Friday is expected to be breezy with a high of 80 with a partly cloudy nighttime sky and a low of 40.

Saturday should climb a degree to a high of 81, but the overnight low will be back in the low 30s.

Sunday's high is anticipated at 80 with an overnight low under partly cloudy skies of 35.

For the big day of the long weekend, Memorial Day on Monday, mostly sunny skies with a high of 78 are predicted followed by a clear overnight and a low of 36.

Tuesday, the end of the advance forecast, is predicted to be partly cloudy with a high of 79.

Highest temperature recorded in Pagosa Springs in the past week was 82 degrees at 4 p.m. Sunday; the lowest reading 35.5 degrees at 6 a.m. May 19. Highest winds recorded were 24 mph both Monday and Tuesday afternoons.

The last precipitation recorded in Pagosa Springs was .09 inch May 15.

The mean temperature in the past week was 59.3 degrees.