April 28, 2005
Front Page

Blanco shooting brings attempted murder charges

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

Investigators continue to sort through the stories concerning an April 25 incident in the lower Blanco area south of Pagosa Springs, but one thing is certain: Gary Draper, 48, was arrested and jailed on a charge of second-degree attempted murder after allegedly shooting his wife, Jamie Forest, 57.

According to an affidavit filed by Archuleta County Sheriff's Department Investigator George Daniels, Draper called Archuleta County dispatch from his residence at 303 Caballo Place shortly after 10 p.m. The affidavit states Draper told the dispatcher he had shot his wife with a shotgun and she needed medical attention.

Shortly after that, according to the affidavit, Draper told the dispatcher he had been asleep and woke thinking his wife was an intruder. He then told the dispatcher the two had been arguing, that his wife began breaking things in the house and he thought the gun was unloaded.

Officers from the sheriff's department and the town police department responded to the scene with emergency medical personnel. Forest was found on the living room floor, bleeding from wounds to the head.

Forest was treated at the scene then transported to Mercy Medical Center in Durango. She underwent surgery Tuesday morning.

Draper was arrested and transported to Archuleta County Jail. The affidavit indicates the suspect then told Daniels he and Forest had been drinking and he had passed out on the couch. He awoke, Draper told Daniels, to the sound of screaming and breaking glass and, claiming he thought someone might be attempting to force entry to the residence, he grabbed a shotgun and worked the action on the weapon to scare whoever was in the kitchen area of the home. Draper told Daniels the gun went off accidentally and he realized he had shot his wife.

The affidavit ends with the summary of a statement made by Draper: "(He said) it was possible he was mad and drunk and shot his wife. He said he would have to agree with whatever his wife said."

Daniels was set to travel to Durango Wednesday to interview Forest.

Draper remained in Archuleta County Jail Wednesday.


Town planners advance two major annexations

By Erin K. Quirk

Staff Writer

Two local property owners came before the Pagosa Springs Planning Commission Tuesday night requesting their properties be annexed to the Town of Pagosa Springs.

Those requests were approved along with others from the developers of the Riverwalk II project on 5th Street and The Cottages and Enclave developments in the Aspen Village development.

The annexations are significant because the properties lie between First and Second Streets on Snowball Road, north of the downtown area. They are close to downtown and often an annexation and change of zoning is the first step toward development.

Ken and Angie Gayhart, who own an 83-acre parcel, plan to build five vacation cabins on their property.

The second property is 51 acres and sits right next door to the parcel owned by the Gayharts. David Cartwright and Bill Whitbred requested the annexation. Although no firm development plans have been submitted for the second parcel, preliminary plans place 15 single-family homes and four to five multifamily units on the property.

The commission approved both requests reminding the audience it was not deciding the fate of any developments, only the request for annexation to the town.

Any annexation of property to the town must be approved by the town council.

Town staff indicated both sites were appropriate for annexation due to their proximity to the downtown core and the potential for more housing there.

John Egan and Cate Smock, who live on First Street, came to the meeting to state they and other neighbors want to be a part of the development plans for the neighborhood.

"We want to be clear that we're on board right now, so we can add our input and be part of the process," Egan said, adding that often neighbors don't get involved until the plans are so advanced that it wreaks havoc on the process.

A handful of people showed up to discuss The Enclave and The Cottages, which are the residential portions of the Aspen Village development. The Enclave will host 48 townhomes on four acres the units ranging from 1,450 square feet to 1,600 square feet. The Cottages will be 55 single-family homes on 10.3 acres.

After being asked, builder Emil Wanatka estimated the townhome units may be priced somewhere under $200,000 and the single family homes up to $300,000.

Despite comments from neighbors immediately adjacent to the project who said they had not received official notice from the town regarding the project, both The Cottages and The Enclave were approved by the commission.

The Riverwalk II Townhome project also cleared the commission with no comment from the public.


 Inside The Sun

Auditions set for Boosters' production of 'Oklahoma!'

By John Graves

Special to The SUN

For years, performers and theatergoers alike have been asking the Pagosa Springs Music Boosters when they were going to put on "Oklahoma!" Well, the time has come, and this is the year! The Rodgers and Hammerstein classic will be presented in five performances on July 1,2, and 7,8,9.

Pagosa's talent pool is hereby put on notice that auditions will be held Friday, May 6, from 2-6 p.m. and Saturday, May 7, from 10-4 p.m. in the Pagosa Springs High School band room. The Boosters will be looking for singers, dancers, and actors of all ages, as well as volunteers to work in the backstage areas of sets and construction, lights and sound, costumes, and hair and makeup.

Those auditioning are asked to prepare one chorus of a song from "Oklahoma!" or another show song. Please bring music, as an accompanist will be provided. Everyone will also be asked to do a brief script reading and a group dance.

For more information, call Dale Morris at 946-5609 or Lisa Hartley at 731-2130.


PAWS, other districts observe National Drinking Water Week

The American Water Works Association (AWWA), the authoritative resource on safe water, will observe National Drinking Water Week May 1-7, a celebration of our most precious natural resource.

"National Drinking Water Week is a chance for water utilities and the customers they serve to join together and celebrate the immeasurable value of clean and safe water in our daily lives," said Jack Hoffbuhr, AWWA executive director. "North America has some of the best water in the world, and we all share the obligation to keep it that way."

Furthermore, Hoffbuhr states, "As a society, we have grown accustomed to turning on a faucet for a drink or throwing a load into the clothes washer without a second thought. Drinking Water Week is a wonderful time to reflect on the importance of our safe and reliable water supply and to recognize the thousands of dedicated professional working every day to keep it that way."

Many utilities across North America celebrate "The Wonder of Waters", with their communities during National Drinking Water Week to remind them of the importance water plays in their daily lives.

Locally, the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District and the San Juan Water Conservancy District invite you to join in celebration of Water Week.

Visit the informational display in the Pagosa Springs Community Center (the first week of May), or look for various water-related materials at Town Hall, Archuleta County Building Department office, the Extension Office, Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association, Chamber of Commerce and the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District office.

Both water districts are also sponsoring Water Wise kits and a Thirsty Lizard Water Conservation classroom program for fifth- and eighth-graders.

About the week

The importance of water is too often overlooked. For more than 30 years, the American Water Works Association has celebrated Drinking Water Week with its members - a unique opportunity for both water professionals and the consumers they serve to join together to recognize the vital role water plays in our daily lives. During the first week in May, utilities, their communities and other groups across the country celebrate our most precious natural resource with fairs, programs, contests and other exciting events.

Established in 1881, AWWA is the oldest and largest nonprofit scientific and educational organization dedicated to safe water in North America. AWWA has over 57,000 members worldwide and its 4,700 utility members serve 80 percent of America's population.

The immense value of water is clear in four areas:

- Public Health: UNICEF estimates that 1.1 billion people around the world drink from unsafe water sources, and an estimated 6,000 people die each and every day from preventable waterborne disease that has been virtually eradicated in developed countries. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has named the disinfection of drinking water as one of top public health accomplishments of the last century.

- Fire Protection: Aside from the health benefits, a public water system also offers an element of public safety. During the last century, major U.S. cities were destroyed by fire. Today, cities and towns have created a reliable network of water systems to make fire protection possible.

- Economic Development: A sustainable water supply is a prerequisite for the success of residential communities or commercial enterprises. Without a safe, reliable water system, economic development would not be possible.

- Quality of Life: A safe water supply is critical for a successful, productive society with a vigorous quality of life.

Water is our most precious natural resource; utilities across the country urge their customers to continue in the growing trend and necessity to conserve water.

"Drinking Water Week reminds us of the essential roles we each play in respecting and protecting our drinking water supply," said Hoffbuhr. "Drought conditions in the West, and most recently the Pacific Northwest, have forced many of us to rethink the way we approach our water supply."

The past few years have been some of the most drought-stricken the United States has seen in 100 years.

What can local residents do?

- Don't over-water your lawn, and water early in the morning or at night to avoid excess evaporation.

- Fully load the dishwasher and clothes washer before running them.

- Defrost frozen food in the refrigerator or in the microwave.

- When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run.

- Repair dripping faucets and leaky toilets. Dripping faucets can waste up to 2,000 gallons of water each year in the average home. Leaky toilets can waste as much as 200 gallons per day.

- Don't leave the sink running while you brush your teeth.

- Help preserve the quality of the available water supply by not overusing pesticides and fertilizers, avoiding flushing medications down the toilet or sink, and disposing of hazardous materials properly.

"We're all stewards of the water we use," Hoffbuhr said. "Utilities, elected leaders, state and federal agencies, and consumers all have a responsibility to ensure that our water supply is protected and there is enough available for use by future generations."

Together, we share in the benefits of some of the safest drinking water in the world, and it is incumbent upon us all to protect this valuable natural resource for future generations. By making simple changes in our daily routines, we can feel confident that we are doing our part.

AWWA is the authoritative resource for knowledge, information, and advocacy to improve the quality and supply of water in North America and beyond. It is the largest organization of water professionals in the world. It advances public health, safety and welfare by uniting the efforts of the full spectrum of the entire water community.

Visit the AWWA Web site at www.awwa.org.

A chemical cocktail pollutes Western water

By Michelle Nijhuis

Special to The SUN

Colorado is famous for clear-running streams, but a recent study from the U.S. Geological Survey shows that even the state's most calendar-worthy creeks aren't as pure as they appear.

In January, researchers at the agency's Colorado office announced the results of a study that tested the state's streams and groundwater for dozens of chemical compounds, including caffeine, steroids and pesticides. Researchers took samples from 15 urban streams and one forested stream, along with nearly 90 domestic and municipal wells.

Urban streams carried the greatest number and concentration of substances: Fifty-seven chemicals were detected, with concentrations of non-prescription drugs, flame retardants and detergent breakdown products exceeding 10 parts per billion. But researchers were surprised to find that samples from the forested stream also contained low levels of 11 chemicals, including disinfectants, artificial fragrances, and insect repellents.

"Most of these chemicals originate with people, so we weren't expecting so many in forested areas," said Lori Sprague, the study's lead author. She speculates that campers, recreational boaters or nearby septic systems are responsible for the traces of pollution.

Though few of these substances are regulated by federal agencies, especially at such low levels, even infinitesimally small amounts may have a big impact on wildlife and plants - and possibly on human health. Water-quality researchers and regulators usually focus on better-known pollutants like perchlorate and arsenic, but a growing number of scientists are turning their attention to this more subtle set of aquatic contaminants.

Streams flow with hormones and chemicals

Until the 1990s, studies of low levels of pharmaceuticals and personal care products, or PPCPs, in streams and groundwater were almost unknown: Lab equipment just wasn't sensitive enough to pick up tiny concentrations of the substances. Researchers in Europe carried out the first large-scale PPCP studies, and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) followed suit in the late 1990s.

The agency's first "nationwide reconnaissance," published in 2002, measured concentrations of 95 compounds - ranging from hormones to acetaminophen to codeine to caffeine - in 139 streams throughout the United States, most of which were downstream of cities or intensive agricultural operations. Low levels of PPCPs showed up in about 80 percent of the streams sampled.

The next step - understanding the effects of these small concentrations of PPCPs on the environment, and on human health - is a very tricky business. Environmental Protection Agency researcher Christian Daughton emphasizes that each type of compound behaves differently in nature. "Every single class has a mechanism that's unique," he says. "There are a wide array of possibilities, and aquatic toxicologists are just starting to develop a body of work."

The Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Washington state found that captive male trout exposed to low levels of synthetic estrogen (such as that used in birth-control pills) were half as fertile as trout kept in estrogen-free water. At Baylor University in Texas, Professor Bryan Brooks discovered that fish exposed to concentrations of the active ingredient in Prozac approximating those found in streams showed significant differences in levels of certain brain chemicals - chemicals known to affect basic functions such as eating and reproduction.

And in Colorado, University of Colorado physiologist David Norris and his colleagues have been studying sex ratios of white suckers in Boulder Creek and the South Platte River. Unlike the fish upstream of wastewater treatment plants, he says, the fish downstream are overwhelmingly female. Norris has also observed high numbers of "intersex" fish, with both ovarian and testicular tissue, below treatment plants. For most fish, says Norris, "intersexes are unusual - they've been described in nature, but at very, very low frequencies. So when we find two out of 10, or three out of 10, we think it's of major concern."

Worries about the environmental effects of PPCPs are particularly acute in the Southwest, where some streams are 100 percent treated wastewater. In Tucson, USGS researcher Gail Cordy and her colleagues have been collecting baseline information on the persistence of pharmaceuticals, detergents, fire retardants and other substances in the Santa Cruz River. "The thing with effluent-dependent streams," she says, "is that you're going to see more compound, and no dilution."

Growing awareness

Regulation of low concentrations of PPCPs in the environment isn't likely to happen soon. But the mounting evidence of environmental impacts could eventually spur action by the Environmental Protection Agency or the federal Food and Drug Administration. For its part, the USGS plans to continue studying the presence and persistence of these substances in streams and other water sources. "We're hoping to understand what's in the environment, so that we can help toxicologists and other researchers focus their studies," says Sprague.

Current wastewater treatment processes allow most, if not all, PPCPs to slip through, and even state-of-the-art systems are not believed to be entirely effective. And improvements to treatment facilities may soon become more difficult.

The Bush administration's proposed 2006 budget cuts funding for the Clean Water State Revolving Fund - which provides states with loans for sewage-treatment plant improvements - by one-third, according to Democratic staff on the House Budget Committee.

Chris Rudkin, water quality coordinator for the City of Boulder, says new scientific findings, or federal rules, could drive the search for solutions. "There might be a new treatment process, or there might be a way to go back to the source," he says. "For instance, can we improve (pharmaceutical) use so that we don't have to put as much material down the drain?"

Awareness of the problem is increasing in the scientific community, but it's just starting to trickle into the wider world. "Most people figure that when they flush the toilet, the water goes into a treatment plant, and that it comes out at the other end and everything's fine," says Tucson researcher Cordy. "This is (the) breaking edge of understanding some of these compounds in the environment."

The author is contributing editor of HCN. High Country News (www.hcn.org) covers the West's communities and natural-resource issues from Paonia, Colorado.


Dutton Ditch project could begin early summer

By Carol Fuccillo

Special to The SUN

Pipeline-related matters and main line extensions were among the topics considered Tuesday by Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District's board of directors .

The board approved addition of a strain gauge to the proposed Dutton Ditch pipeline. The device, required by the Forest Service, will monitor soil disturbances that could create problems in the pipeline. It will add approximately $27,415 to the cost of the project.

A bid opening for laying of the pipeline is scheduled Thursday, May 5. Once a contractor is chosen, construction could begin as early as this summer.

National Recreational Properties and PAWS will negotiate tap fees associated with water and wastewater main line extensions for 81-plus lots in the Chris Mountain Village subdivision. This includes labor, engineering and any costs involved with getting the water and wastewater main lines to within 100 feet of the property.

Once NRP pays the fees, construction of the lines could be completed by late this summer.

Other agenda items considered by the board Tuesday included:

- a report the board is sending dam design and hydrology reports related to the enlargement of Stevens Reservoir to the state engineer's office, and hopes to have comments back from the state by early fall;

- information indicating PAWSD is currently waiting for input from Fairfield Resorts regarding a revised raw water irrigation agreement;

- notification that HiSpeedU will install two high speed antennae to the Meadows Water Storage Tank under the same conditions previously negotiated with SkyWerks.


Items recovered from 2004 burglaries

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

In yet another development related to the March 17 escape by three inmates from the Archuleta County Jail, one of the inmates - Cody Dutton, 19, of Pagosa Springs - has been implicated in at least one burglary in 2004 and has provided investigators with items stolen in that incident and one other that occurred in the same year.

According to Scott Maxwell, investigator with the Pagosa Springs Police Department, an Aug. 8, 2004 burglary at the Heritage Building (located in the 400 block of Pagosa Street) provided him with "some investigative leads," indicating Dutton might be involved. "He was definitely a suspect, based on his MO," said Maxwell, referring to some of Dutton's criminal behavior patterns.

Maxwell's hunch proved true as $5,300 worth of older Native American silver and turquoise jewelry taken in the burglary was turned over by an unidentified acquaintance of Dutton's.

"I guess you could say he (Dutton) admitted to burglarizing the Heritage Building. He was in possession of the jewelry and arranged for its return," said Maxwell.

The jewelry was only part of what was recovered.

The Mastercorp Resort Housekeeping office in the 300 block of Park Avenue was burglarized Aug. 3, 2004. Stolen in that incident were nine Motorola radios and chargers worth an estimated $3,700. Those items were also returned to the police last week.

"He (Dutton) denied being involved in the Mastercorp burglary," said Maxwell, "but he admitted to possessing the nine radios and chargers."

Dutton currently faces charges related to the jail break and flight that could bring him 12 or more years in prison. No statement on further charges against Dutton was available.


Bears are out; use common sense to be safe and keep them safe

By Joe Lewandowski

Special to The SUN

They're big, they're on the move - and you don't want them to visit your house.

It's that time of year again when Colorado's black bears have awakened from their winter slumber and are beginning to forage. Unfortunately, bears often find food in the wrong places - around homes and in neighborhoods.

The Colorado Division of Wildlife urges home and business owners to handle all discarded food and garbage in a manner that doesn't attract bears. When bears find easy sources of food in a neighborhood, they can damage property and might need to be relocated or destroyed.

"Bears don't cause problems. Careless people cause problems" said Patt Dorsey, area wildlife manager for the DOW in Durango. "People who provide food create serious consequences for bears."

Bears are generally shy and avoid humans. But their need for food and their keen sense of smell draws them to human residences where they may find bird feeders, barbecue grills, trash and pet food.

Bears live in foothills and mountainous areas throughout Colorado - from the Four Corners to the Front Range. They are very smart animals with a good memory. Once a bear finds food in a trash can or cooler, it learns to seek similar places. Even one instance of finding available trash or pet food can change a bear's behavior.

Following a first serious nuisance encounter with people, a bear is captured, receives an ear tag and other markings, and is released in a remote area. According to state policy a second serious encounter means the bear must be killed.

"We can summarize the policy this way: "A Fed Bear is a Dead Bear," explained Dorsey.

The Department encourages Coloradans to remove any attractions bears might consider potential food sources. Following are some tips to "bear-proof" your property.

- Keep garbage in airtight containers inside a garage or storage area. Clean trash cans with ammonia to reduce odors that attract bears.

- Place garbage for pickup outside just before collection. Do not put out trash cans the night before pickup.

- Use a bear-proof Dumpster. If you don't have one, ask a trash-removal company for options.

- Take down bird feeders when bears are active. Once a bear finds a birdfeeder in a yard, it will likely look around the neighborhood for other easy foods within reach. It's recommended that bird feeders be brought in at night.

- Do not place meat or sweet food scraps in a compost pile. The smell of spoiled food attracts bears.

- Do not leave pet food or dirty dishes outdoors at night. Store pet food in an airtight area.

- Clean outdoor grills after each use. The smell of barbecue sauce and grease can attract bears.

- Never intentionally feed bears to attract them for viewing. It's illegal to feed bears in Colorado - in addition to being bad for the bear violators can be ticketed and fined.

"By using just a little common sense, you can help Colorado's bears," Dorsey said.

For more information on living with wildlife, go to the DOW Web site at http://wildlife.state.co.us/Education/LivingWithWildlife/BearCountry.asp.

Prescribed burns complete on 2,194 acres, but rains halt operations until May

By Pamella Wilson

Special to The SUN

Fire crews for the San Juan Public Lands were able to complete 2,194 acres of prescribed burning last week, including 382 acres at Valle Seco south of Pagosa Springs and 722 acres at Mule Mountain west of Pagosa Springs.

The burns were used to reduce hazardous fuels, improve range conditions, and restore fire to the fire-dependent ponderosa pine ecosystem.

Last weekend's cool, wet weather brought a temporary halt to the burning. If the area doesn't receive too much additional moisture, fire managers are hopeful that they might be able to resume burning in early May; about 5,000 acres remain planned for burning this fiscal year.

In a normal or above-average snow year, burning can be a challenge at this time of year according to Randy Lewis, fuels specialist at the San Juan Public Lands Center. "We need to wait long enough for the fuels to dry out so the fire will carry, but we need to get out there before there is too much green up. Once the grasses are about four inches high a fire just won't carry."

If able to resume burning in May, fire managers will be looking to areas with heavy "needle cast" or accumulations of pine needles that will burn easily due to the continuing green-up. Possible burns for May include Kenney Flats and Benson Creek near Pagosa, Lange Canyon east of Bayfield and Dolores Rim west of Dolores. Notification will be made through the media if these burns occur.

Steve Hentschel, fire management officer at Pagosa said, "We have several burn plans available so we can keep our options open and burn where we are in prescription." Being "in prescription" means meeting several conditions like fuel moistures, wind speed, temperature, and relative humidity.

"We know it doesn't make people happy to see smoke in the air and we'd like to thank our communities for their patience," said Mark Stiles, forest supervisor/center manager for the San Juan Public Lands. "As we try to reduce hazardous fuels we feel that 1-3 days of smoke under controlled circumstances is a lot better than two or more weeks of smoke with an uncontrolled wildfire."

National forest outfitter-guide proposals sought

The San Juan National Forest is soliciting proposals from prospective outfitter-and-guide operations interested in providing guided services for hunting, horseback day and overnight trips, interpretive exploration, hiking and backpacking, mountain biking, and motorized travel on the Pagosa and Dolores Ranger Districts.

Proposals for additional use on existing special-use permits, as well as a limited number of new permits, will be considered.

Proposals must come from parties who intend to provide commercial outfitter-guide services to the general public on a recurring basis.

A permit is required for any use or activity on National Forest lands if an entry or participation fee is charged, or if the primary purpose is the sale of a good or service. This is true regardless of whether the use or activity is intended to produce a profit.

Outfitters based off National Forest lands, who rent and deliver equipment or livestock to the public on National Forest lands, must also obtain a permit if they, their employees, or agents occupy or use National Forest lands or related waters in connection with their rental programs.

The amount of use assigned to a permit will be based on user days which represent the total amount of clients, guides, and support staff, who will actually use public lands. A user day is a day or part of a day for each person on each trip.

All recreation-use days awarded through this process will be authorized through a temporary, one-year special use permit. Temporary Use Days may be converted to Priority Use Days after completion of a successful two-year probationary period. The final decision by each District Ranger on issuance of a special-use permit will be contingent on compliance with environmental analysis as determined by the National Environmental Policy Act.

As an agent of the Forest Service, permit holders must provide needed services to the public, protect public health and safety, and help the agency attain management objectives. Permits will not be issued if a highly qualified pool of applicants is not available.

The Forest Service reserves the right to reject any or all applications if the applications do not best serve the needs of the public.

Those interested in applying should contact the appropriate Ranger District office for instructions. Written sealed proposals will be accepted by the San Juan National Forest until close of business on Tuesday, May 31.

Proposals should be addressed: Attn: Outfitter/Guide Proposal Enclosed, 15 Burnett Court, Durango, CO 81301.

For more information, contact Ron Decker (Pagosa District), 264-2268.

High Country Reflections

No Column this week



Dear Editor:

The developer of pricey townhomes along the San Juan River in South Pagosa apparently thinks he is a big contributor to the community, but to me he comes off as coldhearted. (See "Gentrification of South Pagosa" in April 21 SUN).

Chris Smith, who moved here from Los Angeles, has kicked some 15 Pagosa families from their homes in a trailer park near downtown, and a remark he made to the newspaper is troubling: "We have the dumpiest trailer park in the county on the nicest property in the county."

To put it mildly, that doesn't seem to me to be a nice way for a relative newcomer to talk about one of the town's established neighborhoods. Perhaps the trailer park wasn't up to the standards of Mr. Smith, but it was the home for real human beings with real joys and sorrows and real human struggles.

I recently read a quote that growth for the sake of growth is "the ideology of the cancer cell." To me, Pagosa Springs is just fine without Mr. Smith's townhomes. I doubt the townhomes will make the day-to-day lives of Pagosa residents appreciably better. My hunch is that the townhomes are basically to the benefit of Mr. Smith.

I hope the town enacts laws to prevent developers from forcing people to move from their homes, or to at least require the developers to provide generous compensation. I would also like to see limits placed on property tax increases for established residents so they won't be forced to sell their homes.

I wonder if Mr. Smith has, in any significant way, offered to help to any of the residents he has dislocated. I also wonder if he has the audacity to sell the trailers that were abandoned for his own personal gain.

I want to note that one of the trailers has not been abandoned. It belongs to a friend of mine named Barbara, age 60, who has limited resources and is in poor health. She has been working two jobs and sometimes three, to build a modest addition around her trailer for her dog and four cats. She doesn't seem to ask for much.

As I understand it, Mr. Smith plans to evict Barbara May 1. He may claim he has done everything nice and legal, but this is not the kind of Pagosa Springs I want.

Meanwhile, on property nearby, Mr. Smith, has built five townhomes too close to the river, interfering with a planned walking trail for all residents of Pagosa Springs. Oops! I suppose that nice and legally Mr. Smith could be forced to tear down the townhouses already sold at prices starting at $250,000.

However, town officials have given him, a respectable citizen, a break on his surveying error, allowing the trail to be moved in some way not yet determined.

For Barbara, however, apparently there are no breaks. She may be living in what Mr. Smith has called "the dumpiest trailer park in the county," but I am glad to have her as my friend and my in-town neighbor. Her upcoming eviction is, to me at least, a tragedy.

Steve Fischer


Paving inevitable

Dear Editor:

This letter is in response to last week's "What do you think" piece.

I have only lived in the Pagosa area for eight years, previously living in a very rural agricultural area where weekend warriors, who were escaping the city madness, would invade.

They would destroy the roads and everything else they came in contact with because, to them, it was the middle of nowhere.

In the time I have lived here, I have met very few newcomers who know how to drive on gravel roads. A gravel road is a superhighway compared to the roads John Motter describes in his local history pieces. Newcomers do not understand that and do not treat gravel roads that way.

Pagosa Country is becoming the definition of "sprawl!" Escapees from the city are spreading nearly 15 miles in every direction from the small town of Pagosa Springs. They spend their lives the same as they did in the city, chasing their material things, trying to pay off their endless debt, always leaving at the last minute to get somewhere in a hurry.

Speeding is what tears up a gravel road, especially when it is wet. Foot hard on the gas pedal, then hard on the brake pedal.

I don't believe we can reteach these people how to drive, or how to behave once they have been infected by the "city virus." It is inevitable that we will have to pave gravel roads, I believe, to pacify the "road warriors" and we will have to pave the main county feeder roads. Those roads that have assigned county road numbers should be paid for by all county property owners, as all will benefit. Roads within subdivisions should be paid for by subdivision property owners only.

This is going to become a very heated topic of discussion, but it is the reality of development. The developers and their agents come into an area, "sell" the idea of "Wonderland!," skim the gravy off the top of the real estate gold mine and leave the people who bought the idea of "Wonderland" to live with the reality of living in their newly created "Wonderland."

This is 2005. My hope is that enough enlightened people have gathered here in the new "Wonderland" that we can change the old self-centered, greed-based system, to a system of, "Do it because it is the right thing to do" system.

Everyone's future, our children and their grandchildren's future should be in mind when we embark on a new project.

Greg Giehl


Airport goals

Dear Editor:

The members of the aviation community here are delighted that The SUN is publishing articles about the airport and its role in the community. However, the article of April 21 made several statements which may have misled your readers.

First, the story focused on our attracting jets. That has never been our goal. We are not trying to attract any particular tourist segment nor any particular type or size of airplane. The many tourist activities available in Pagosa Springs and Archuleta County are doing the attracting. Our job is to anticipate the mix of airplanes that will be attracted here and then to establish the kind of facility necessary to serve them. Our goal is to make the airport portion of a tourist's visit to Archuleta County as friendly, smooth and efficient as possible, no matter what size plane they arrive in.

The reconstructed runway will be able to accommodate airplanes which at the moment cannot land here (those in the 16,000 pound to 70,000 pound weight range). Jets in this size category make up only about 3 percent of the U.S. general aviation fleet.

We will have more airplanes in this group landing here but the number will be relatively small. Furthermore, these jets are almost all of recent design and manufacture, with improved turbo-fan engines, and are significantly quieter than the smaller, older types.

Finally, the article implied that we are creating a facility that will support airline service. We are not. That would involve an entire new layer of investment in airport security, baggage screening and handling as well as a terminal facility. We are not soliciting airlines in any way and to my knowledge no airline is considering establishing service into Pagosa Springs.

Thank you for your interest in the airport. Your readers may also wish to visit our new Web site for frequently updated information on what's happening at the airport and its impact, and especially its positive economic impact, on our community. Go to: www.archuletacounty.org/airport/airport.htm.

Bob Howard


Ego's the loser

Dear Editor:

On the lighter side:

On a recent trip to the vet to get vaccinations for my horses, things did not go quite as planned.

I brought my goat and trusty trail dog to keep my horse calm, as he hates vets. When I let the goat out of the trailer to allow access to the horse, my vet asked if the goat would run onto the highway. I assured her she only went where her buddy, the horse, went.

As the vet approached my horse, Duke, took one look at the needle, bolted from the trailer and onto U.S. 160 westbound toward home.

As I went to grab a halter and lead line, my goat, named Marie Antoinette, followed Duke onto 160 trying with all her might to catch up to him.

My trusty trail dog, Sarge, then jumped through the truck window to the ground and also onto 160 to, of course, protect Duke and Marie.

Following a distant 20 to 30 yards was an old grey-haired guy at wit's end what to do.

But with the help of Gretchen Pearson, my vet, who thought to use her truck and head everyone off at the pass and numerous helpful and considerate Pagosa residents who stopped and offered help, everyone was returned to the starting point and no one was hurt except the ego of the old guy.

Thanks to everyone who helped.


Richard (Dick) Isaacs


PHTV awards set

Dear Editor:

Pagosa High School Television is concluding its fourth successful year, and part of our success was due to the community's supportive encouragement.

We are extremely proud of what the members of our news teams have accomplished this year. We would like to invite anyone interested to our prestigious "Kermit Awards."

Our third annual awards night will be 7 p.m. May 3 in the high school auditorium.

That evening we'll watch a variety of student-produced video projects and present this year's student awards. The show should end around 8:30 p.m.

Some of Pagosa Springs High School's most creative/talented journalism students will be recognized, and we would love to have you see their work and join us in the ceremony.

Curtis Maberry


Baseball woes

Dear Editor:

Is high school baseball the ugly stepchild of Pagosa's sports?

Pirates baseball is tied for first in the Intermountain League (IML). They are number one in runs scored, have a batter in the top five in home runs and a pitcher in the top five in strike outs in all Class 3A in the state. The Pirates beat their arch-rivals, Bayfield, for the first time in five years. They brought home the first ever Invitational Tournament Trophy during their second outing. The Pirates have accomplished all of this without a baseball field to play on. No front-page news. No home-field advantage. No hometown crowds. And no field to play on.

Pirates baseball has a tough time every year. The field is covered in snow. The weather is unpredictable. When the snow is gone, there is the mud. This year has been all of that and worse. An unfinished "refurbishment" of the field last year left it in unplayable condition. Lots of promises. No resources. Politics. No field.

Practices have been held indoors in the Vo-Tech center at the high school in inclement weather. On "good days" the team practiced on the paved parking lot at school. Occasionally, they have practiced on the soccer, football or softball fields. None are optimal for baseball.

Two home games were scheduled. The first was rescheduled and played two hours away in Centauri. The last home game of the season is Saturday. In spite of parents, coaches and players offering (maybe begging is the right word) to come to the field with rakes, shovels, and "whatever else it will take" to get the field ready for Saturday's IML home game against Monte Vista, the Pirates will have to make another trek. A home game - two hours away in Monte Vista. Or, at the very least, in Bayfield (the Wolverines have offered their field). Saturday night is prom night in Pagosa. A two hour drive, four to five hours of baseball, another two hour drive, shower and dance all night. That's a Pirate home game.

Three seniors will never hear the cheers of a home town crowd, have home field advantage, or get to enjoy friends and family driving across town to support their last home game.

Frustrations are high.

It's time for Pagosans to show support. The hometown "crowd" should show up wherever it is they play their last home game Saturday. The field needs repair. An apology needs to go to the players, especially the seniors, for not supporting the team and providing them a safe place to practice and play. If the gym or football field were in disrepair, someone would find the resources to repair them. Baseball and basketball participants are comparable in number, yet resources allocated are significantly differently

See you at Saturday's "home game" in Monte Vista, or Bayfield, or wherever.

Kerry Maxaner

Editor's note: The high school baseball team has been well covered this season, with results available in the sports section. Those results include the league record and standing. A review of 96 years of The SUN show front-page sports stories only when teams or individuals win state championships (and not on all those occasions). The policy will remain. Statistics from the Denver daily newspapers will not be printed in this newspaper since they have proven over the years to be consistently inaccurate , depending as they do on coaches' reports (with a significant percentage of coaches not making a report) and the validity of the some of the reports in question.


Riled up

Dear Editor:

Zach Mayne's letter in the April 14 SUN was enough to rile up us wayward Pagosans even from our current location 1,500 miles away!

If Zach had ever been a TRUE Godly Patriotic Republican he would know that:

Saddam was a good guy when Reagan armed him, a bad guy when Bush's daddy made war on him, a good guy when Cheney did business with him and a bad guy when Bush needed a "we can't find Bin Laden" diversion.

Trade with Cuba is wrong because the country is communist, but trade with China and Vietnam is vital to a spirit of international harmony.

The United States should get out of the United Nations, and our highest national priority is enforcing U.N. resolutions against Iraq.

A woman can't be trusted with decisions about her own body, but multinational corporations can make decisions affecting all mankind without regulation.

Jesus loves you, and shares your hatred of homosexuals and Hillary Clinton.

The best way to improve military morale is to praise the troops in speeches while slashing veterans'’ benefits and combat pay.

If condoms are kept out of schools, adolescents won't have sex.

A good way to fight terrorism is to belittle our longtime Allies, then demand their cooperation and money.

Providing health care to all Iraqis is sound policy. Providing health care to all Americans is socialism.

HMOs, pharmaceutical, and insurance companies have the best interests of the public at heart.

Global warming and tobacco's link to cancer are junk science, but creationism should be taught in schools.

A president lying about an extramarital affair is an impeachable offense. A president lying to enlist support for a war in which thousands die is solid defense policy.

Government should limit itself to the powers named in the Constitution, which include banning gay marriages and censoring the Internet.

The public has a right to know about Hillary's cattle trades, but George Bush's driving and military record is none of our business.

Being a drug addict is a moral failing and a crime, unless you're a conservative radio host. Then it's an illness, and you need our prayers for your recovery.

You support states' rights, which means our attorney general can tell states what local voter initiatives they have the right to adopt.

What Bill Clinton did in the 1960s is of vital national interest, but what Bush did in the '80s is irrelevant.


Todd Murchison


Standard bearer

Dear Editor:

Glenn Bergmann, a neighbor and leading standard bearer for fellow citizens these past several years recently passed away.

He dedicated his time alerting the Archuleta County Board of Commissioners and the PLPOA board about the dangerous conditions of our area roads. He was the lone citizen who became the voice to elected officials charging that below-standard road improvements were being completed by the asphalt contractor and that the funds spent were never under review by those who awarded the bid.

Mr. Bergmann's meticulous records show that he warned county officials about the insurance bond that was about to expire while the new asphalt laid on North Pagosa Boulevard was already disintegrating and that the work did not even meet county specifications. Nobody paid any attention to his appeals.

In 2001, Mr. Bergmann filed a complaint with Archuleta County. His case was dismissed. He was told that he needed 5 percent of the population vs. being one man filing a complaint.

So, here we are in 2005, all suffering and "feeling" our roads as they continue to deteriorate.

Some concerned citizens in our community recently completed an extensive research of our historical happenings. This information has been presented to our recently elected commissioners. They have been attentive.

Isn't it time to abandon the rhetoric of our political past and prepare ourselves for the future as our community continues to grow

Road information will be shared with community members at the May 12 PLPOA board meeting. Be there.

Marge and Dick Pantzar

Friends and neighbors

of Glenn Bergmann


Job well done

Dear Editor:

I wish to express my appreciation to the Archuleta County Road and Bridge crews.

I know they have endless miles of roads to fix, plow and maintain and little time to reach everyone properly.

But with what they have to work with and time allotted, I know that they do a super job.

Thank you guys and gals at road and bridge.

Toby Tollefsen


Quick response

Dear Editor:

My heart skipped a beat last Thursday when looking out the office windows at the Chamber Visitors Center; I saw an orange boat submerged in the middle of the rushing San Juan River.

After seeing no one on the banks, we called Dispatch and described what we hoped was not true, that there was a boat submerged in the river and we did not know if there was anyone trapped underneath it.

They quickly sent out members of the Colorado Mounted Rescue — Troop F, the sheriff's department, and the Pagosa Springs Police Department to investigate. After surveying the scene and working together with ropes, they were finally able to bring the boat ashore and thank goodness no one was trapped underneath the boat and the rushing waters.

I am thankful for our county dispatch and for the brave souls who responded quickly to what could have been a horrible disaster. How soon we forget that during spring runoff, the rivers are a force more powerful than we can imagine and that we (and our four-footed friends too) can get in over our heads.

Morna Trowbridge

Kate's Calendar

Kate's Calendar

By Kate Terry

PREVIEW Columnist

Through April 30

As a continuation of Soup for the Soul, these local restaurants will be serving soup, a portion of the sales going to Hospice of Mercy: Dionigi's, The Hog's Breath, Isabel's, JJ's Upstream, Pagosa Baking Company, The Unfortunate Sausage and Victoria's Parlor.

April 30

Biannual clothing giveaway at St. Patrick's Episcopal Church on South Pagosa Boulevard, next to Dr. Mary Fisher Clinic. Hours are 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

May 5

The monthly meeting of the San Juan Outdoor Club will be held 6:30 p.m. at the Parish Hall on Lewis Street. This month's program will feature Mike Reid, district wildlife manager for the Colorado Division of Wildlife sharing up-to-date information on the lynx reintroduction program in the San Juans. Sign ups for activities this month include hiking, biking, soaring, four-wheeling, full moon walk and highway clean up. For information call Sue Passant at 731-3836. Visitors welcome.

May 6-7

Auditions for the Music Booster's July production of "Oklahoma" 2-6 p.m. Friday and 10 a.m.-3 p.m. Saturday in the high school band room.

May 6 and 8

The Pagosa Springs Community Choir presents its spring concert at the high school, 7 p.m. May 6 and 4 p.m. Mother's Day, May 8. The Children's Chorale will open the program. Performances are free to the public but donations will be appreciated.

May 7

Pi Beta Phi alumni club will meet 1 p.m. in the private room at the Hog's Breath (note change of time). A no-host luncheon will precede Carole Howard's rehearsal of her keynote speech for convention in June in Tampa. RSVP to Lisa Scott at 264-2730 by May 5.

May 11

The Pagosa Women's Club will meet 11:45 a.m. at JJ's Upstream restaurant. Lunch at noon, followed by the program Elation-Center for the Arts with Paul Roberts speaker. Cost is $10 and reservations are required. Call Evelyn at 731-3588 by noon Monday, May 9 for reservations.

May 12

Mountain View Homemakers meet with Jo Hannah at 275 Woodland Drive. Directions: north on Pagosa Boulevard for three miles, right on Mission and then first left to Woodland. First house on left. Program will be by Susan Kuhns, NP, of Riverside Health Practices (formerly Pagosa Springs Health and Wellness Clinic). Program will include a question and answer period.

May 14

Sarah Platt Decker Chapter, DAR, meets 10:30 a.m. at Animas Museum in Durango. A picnic will follow. Guests will include Farmington and Cortez chapters. Call Georganna Curtis at 731-4770 for more information.

May 14

Pagosa Springs Piecemakers Quilt Guild will hold its first "Spring Clean Your Stash" sale, 10 a.m. at St. Patrick's Episcopal Church. This signifies that members will clean their treasure troves - in secret places - of treasured fabrics they have gathered but now wish to sell. Plans change or better dry goods edge out older ones releasing these special items for sale. This promises to be a fun day. Guests are welcome to participate in searching this rare sale of exotic fabrics.

Community News

'Second Life' urges PSHS students to learn from mistakes, make good choices

"Second Life," a nationally recognized proactive educational experience, was presented last week to students at Pagosa Springs High School. The presentation was an all-DVD giant three-screen media showcase.

The program teaches students that everyone makes mistakes from which they can learn. By building upon mistakes and using a combination of desire, discipline and dignity, students are able to keep lives in balance by making good choices.

The program was funded by Archuleta Seniors Inc., The Bank of Colorado, Colorado State Patrol, The Caitlyn Craig Foundation and the high school.

David Hamilton, high school assistant principal, said: "The program did an excellent job of separating fact from fantasy. Students attending the assembly were motivated by the content. They were also visually reminded of the results of making poor choices."

Heather Dahm, a junior at Pagosa Springs High School, commented: "Students do not always think about the consequences of their decisions. Seeing each video clip helped to show the impact of our everyday choices."

School officials are planning to use the program in conjunction with the state's "Alive at 25" program, a survival course developed by the National Safety Council to prevent accident and violations. The course is taught by off-duty law enforcement officers.

The goal is to get students to adopt safe driving practices and take responsibility for their behavior.

'Shake, Rattle and Roll the Dice" at Rotary Casino Royale

Tickets are selling fast for this year's Rotary Casino Royale to be held 6-10 p.m. Saturday, May 7, at Montezuma Vineyards and Restaurant.

This year's theme will be "Shake, Rattle and Roll the Dice." It's a night out on the town packed full of fun: 1950s music, hors d'oeuvres, cash bar, drawings, silent auction and funny money gambling.

Every ticket holder to Rotary Casino Royale is eligible for the grand prize drawing, a diamond solitaire necklace valued at over $3,400 donated by Jem Jewelers.

Every ticket holder receives $50,000 in "funny money" to play blackjack, craps, roulette, wheel of fortune and poker.

Use your funny money to purchase prize tickets for the end-of-evening drawings and silent auction.

There is also a treasure trove of at least 40 prizes, to be given away in individual drawings or bid on in the silent auction.

A sampling of silent auction items include mortgage closing services and jewelry from Clarion Mortgage Lending, a gift certificate from Dionigi's, a gift basket from Higher Grounds, a lamp from The Lighting Center, a Sam McNatt hand-carved wooden bull dozer and tractor trailer set, a signed Shania Twain CD from Pam Lynd and Mike Alley, Texaco collectibles from United Mini Storage, a denim cowboy frame from Mountain Snapshots, two framed prints from Affordable Framing, a spray tan and visor from Neon Sun, passes to Wolf Creek Ski Area, four rounds of golf with cart from Pagosa Springs Golf Club, four Savvy Conference tickets from Parelli Horsemanship, an outdoor patio set from Ace Hardware, a variety fitness packages and passes from the trainers at Pagosa Lakes Rec Center, a rug from The Tile and Carpet Store, assisted training from Aaron's Fitness and Training, a gift certificate to The Club, dinner for two at Downside Moose, a print from Log Park Trading Company, a Tranquility Fountain from April's Apple Design, one-hour massage from Ancient Wisdom, a gift basket and fresh breads from Pagosa Bakery, a gift certificate to The Office Lounge, one-year ski rental from Ski and Bow Rack plus many more fantastic items. Watch next week for additional items.

Tickets are $50 per person, and you'll round up $50,000 in funny money to play blackjack, roulette, craps and poker, including Texas Hold 'em.

One hundred percent of the net proceeds from this event are returned to the community.

Tickets are available from your favorite Rotary member, at the Pagosa Springs Chamber of Commerce, Jem Jewelers, The Pagosa Springs SUN and Jann C. Pitcher Real Estate.

This event is made possible by the following title sponsors: Montezuma Vineyards and Restaurant, The Pagosa Springs SUN and Jem Jewelers.

Gold Sponsors include Ski and Bow Rack, Gryphon Consulting, Bank of Colorado, Citizens Bank, Clarion Mortgage, Jann C. Pitcher Real Estate, KWUF AM & FM Radio, Old West Press, Parelli Natural Horsemanship, Pro Line Plumbing and Wells Fargo Bank.

Silver Sponsors include Big O Tire, Curtis and Carmen Miller, Edward Jones/Bob Scott, Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center, Upper Mesa Ranch and Wolf Creek Ski Company.

Bronze Sponsors include Rocky Mountain Balloon Adventures, United Mini Storage, Comfort One Insulation, Sunetha Property Management, Ace Hardware, Aaron's Fitness and Strength Training, Bank of the San Juans, Appraisal Services, CenturyTel, The Club, Colorado Dream Homes, Davis Engineering Services, Elk Meadows River Resort, First Southwest Bank, La Plata Electric Association, Log Park Trading Company, Pagosa Springs Golf Club, Piedra Automotive, Rio Grande Golf and Fishing Club, TLC The Lighting Center, Timothy Miller Custom Homes and United Building Centers of Pagosa Springs.

Get your tickets today for the "Shake, Rattle and Roll the Dice Casino," Saturday, May 7.


Music in the Mountains ticket sales are breaking records

By Carole Howard

Special to The PREVIEW

If there is one thing classical music lovers have learned in the past three years of Music in the Mountains concerts in Pagosa Springs, it is to RUN - not walk, but RUN! - to the Chamber of Commerce as soon as tickets go on sale.

Local residents and summer visitors know from experience that concert tickets always sell out well before the performances take place, and many people end up disappointed.

In this fourth year of local concerts, previous sales records were surpassed even faster than expected. In fact, tickets for the full festival orchestra concert sold out in only three weeks even though this event will take place in a larger tent seating 350.

Tickets for the two special chamber music concerts are selling fast as well, with more than half of them already sold even though the concerts are almost three months away.

"These unbelievable ticket sales are a great tribute to the world-class musicians who come to play for us each summer," said Jan Clinkenbeard, chairman of the steering committee organizing all the local Music in the Mountains events. "They also demonstrate clearly that classical music is well loved in Pagosa and that we have many, many people willing to support this festival. We're especially pleased that so many new music enthusiasts are buying tickets this season."

Clinkenbeard said there is a good chance a few more tickets will be available for the full orchestra concert in early May, after major donors get their tickets. So she urged disappointed music lovers to put their names on the waiting list at the Chamber of Commerce.

BootJack Ranch

The concerts will take place at BootJack Ranch on U.S. 160 east of Pagosa Springs, thanks to the generosity of David and Carol Brown, owners of the ranch:

1. On Friday, July 22, Pagosa welcomes internationally famous violinist Vadim Gluzman, whose performance will include Bruch's "Octet" at 7 p.m. He is flying in from Europe just to perform for Music in the Mountains. Gluzman has been hailed as a clone of the late virtuoso Isaac Stern and lauded by critics and audiences as one of the most inspiring, dynamic artists performing today. Cost of this concert is $40 and tickets are available.

2. On Saturday, July 30 pianist Aviram Reichert will perform Dvorak's "Carnival Overture" and Beethoven's "Piano Concertos No. 3 and No. 5 (Emperor)" at 6 p.m. with the full festival orchestra. Reichert, a perennial favorite who has won numerous awards and performed with major orchestras in Israel and Europe, wowed Pagosa audiences when he played here the last two summers. This is the concert that is now sold out, but the Chamber is maintaining a waiting list. If and when more tickets become available, you will be contacted. This list also will act as a clearing house to help ticket holders who must cancel get the names of people wanting tickets. Cost of this concert is $50. (Note the earlier starting time and Saturday date.)

3. On Friday, Aug. 5 Antonio Pompa-Baldi brings his piano mastery back to Pagosa. Having performed with orchestras around the world and in the PBS "Concerto" series, he too was a great hit with local audiences the last two summers. A Van Cliburn silver medalist, he recently was praised as a "pianistic messiah." His performance at 7 p.m. will include Schumann's "Piano Quartet." Cost of this concert is $40 and tickets are available.

'Peter and the Wolf'

In addition, in response to popular demand after last summer's successful event, Music in the Mountains will host a free outdoor community concert for "kids of all ages" and their families in Town Park 11 a.m. Thursday, July 28.

Highlight of this event will be the performance of "Peter and the Wolf," a work created by Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev to teach his children about the symphony. Each character in the story - Peter, his grandfather, the wolf, a cat, a bird, a duck and some hunters - is represented by an instrument and will be acted by local children.

"We are repeating our performance of 'Peter and the Wolf' at the request of families who loved last summer's show, and also because many people who missed the performance last year heard so many rave reviews that they asked for a reprise," said Lisa Scott, co-chair of this event with Claudia Rosenbaum.

Last summer this concert drew almost 600 people who were amazed at the professionalism of the young actors, the first-class costumes designed by Michael DeWinter, and the excellent narration by Larry Elginer. Program coordinators Melinda Baum and Felicia Meyer will direct the cast. Several other youth groups also will entertain the crowd at this unique Family Festivo event.

This is the fourth consecutive summer that Music in the Mountains, the classical music festival now in its 19th season in Durango, will offer musical events here in Pagosa.

"We're incredibly lucky to have first-class musicians who have performed to rave reviews around the world come to Pagosa to play for us," Clinkenbeard said. "Thanks to the Browns, we will enjoy this music in a spectacular mountain setting at the foot of Wolf Creek Pass."

Local donations, volunteers critical to festival Clinkenbeard pointed out that ticket prices pay for only a small portion of the cost of the concerts.

"That is why our benefit fund-raiser and the contributions we receive from individual donors, businesses and other larger organizations are so crucial to our Pagosa festival," she said.

"We're especially grateful to our major sponsors, including BootJack Ranch, Parelli Natural Horse-Man-Ship, Coleman Vision, Avjet Corporation, Bob Hart-Hart Construction and Hart's Rocky Mountain Retreat, Bank of the San Juans, the Town of Pagosa Springs and the Rotary Club of Pagosa Springs."

As well, all of the planning and organizational work is done by Clinkenbeard's local volunteer steering committee composed of Melinda Baum, Mary Jo Coulehan, Lauri Heraty, Carole Howard, Crystal Howe, Teresa Huft and Lisa Scott.

Tickets online

If you are unable to visit the Pagosa Springs Chamber of Commerce to purchase tickets, they also are available online at www.tix.com or through the Music in the Mountains Web site at www.musicinthemountains.com.

For more information on the concerts, or to get on the waiting list for the full festival orchestra event, please call the Pagosa Chamber of Commerce at 264-2360 or (800) 252-2204.

To be put on the mailing list for the concerts and future Pagosa Music in the Mountains events, call 385-6820 in Durango and specify that you want to be on the Pagosa Springs mailing list.


Ancient Cultures Program begins

By Carla Roberts

Special to The PREVIEW

How do you keep warm in a place where winter temperatures plummet to minus 40 degrees, there is no heating fuel besides dried animal dung and your house is made out of felt?

If you lived in Mongolia, say 500 years ago, you would be cozy in your fur hat and fur-lined wool clothes. Your portable felt home, called a "gher," would be easily heated with the efficient and ancient fuel of the nomadic herders of the steppes.

Mongolia is one of five cultures Pagosa Springs Intermediate School sixth-graders are learning about for this year's Ancient Cultures program. Last Monday, each class began an in-depth study of a region of the world very different from Pagosa Springs. Students are learning about the music and dance, the customs and costume of these cultures and, finally, putting it all together by enacting a mythical story for each theme.

The public performance 7 p.m. Friday, May 13, in the Pagosa Springs High School auditorium, promises to be spectacularly colorful, with 120 sixth-graders transformed into singing, dancing, acting and storytelling denizens of an ancient world. A modest admission of $3 per person will help with the production costs.

This year Ancient Cultures is brought to Pagosa Springs by Elation Center for the Arts, a locally based non-profit arts organization. ECA brings quality arts programs into schools, with a focus on preserving and teaching the folk heritage of music and dance from around the world.

ECA believes that by providing opportunities for enjoyable creative experiences, the arts can be a big motivator in enhancing learning potential for children. Elation Center arts specialists Paul and Carla Roberts are working with teacher Leeann Skogland to provide students with a knowledge and appreciation for the cultures of Africa, India, Greece, Mongolia, and Europe.

Spring is here, it's time to air out the gher and come see the sixth-graders as they put on their dancing clothes and celebrate Ancient Cultures Friday, May 13.


Habitat slates groundbreaking for home No. 14

By Chris Hosteter

Special to The PREVIEW

We did it!

Habitat for Humanity of Archuleta County announces groundbreaking plans for house No. 14 2 p.m. May 8 at 86 Flintlock Place. Anyone who is interested can attend.

Habitat will also be dedicating house No. 13 in May which means we will have met last year's goal of completing two homes in one year. We could not have accomplished this without the help of our great community.

Don't forget, Habitat for Humanity of Archuleta County will hold its annual sponsorship luncheon noon-1 p.m. Friday.

If you have not received an invitation but are interested in attending call Chris at 731-6900 or 946-7092.

Doors will open 11:40 a.m. at the Pagosa Springs Community Center. There will be parking across the street assisted by the Mounted Rangers Troop.

Come and see what we've been up to and join us for some food, friends and fun. Find out where the next home will be built and find out about a great way to "pound out some stress in your life." We'll also have some new faces in our group to introduce to you.


Community choir's annual spring concert slated May 6, May 8

The Pagosa Springs Community Choir will present its third annual Spring Concert entitled "And the Night Shall Be Filled With Music," 7 p.m. Friday, May 6, and 4 p.m. Mother's Day, Sunday, May 8, in the high school auditorium.

The choir is directed by Pam Spitler and Larry Elginer, and is made up of 61 local volunteers who love to sing. Accompanists are Sue Anderson, Shirley McGee and Rada Neal.

The program will include "And the Night Shall Be Filled With Music," "Fields of Gold" with soloist Nancy Smith, "Luck Be a Lady" with soloist Larry Elginer, "An American Trilogy" with soloist Susie Long, "Put on a Happy Face" and "Blowing in the Wind/America." The concert will last approximately 90 minutes.

The presentation will open with the Children's Chorale which features 21 young voices directed by Sue Anderson.

Baked goods and candy will be for sale after each concert.

A nice way to remember your mother would be to have her name mentioned in the program. Call Valley Lowrance before April 29 at 731-9184 for cost and details.

As always, choir members are pleased to provide free admission. They gratefully accept any donations, which are tax deductible.

Military officers unit sets May 7 Vallecito dinner

Members of the Four Corners Chapter of the Military Officers Association of America will hold their first 2005 dinner meeting May 7 at Virginia's Steakhouse on the Vallecito.

Reservations are now being taken and Pagosa Springs area individuals who have served as commissioned officers in any of the uniformed services, and their spouses, are invited.

Membership in the association is open to everyone who has ever been commissioned, whether for a short period or for a full career.

Among current members are individuals who served as long ago as World War II and Vietnam as well as members currently on active duty or in reserve status.

Pagosa Springs area residents wishing to attend can make reservations with Walt Geisen at 731-5429.

"The Military Officers Association is a friendly and active organization and we welcome all eligible residents living in the Four Corners area," said Barbara Bales Coyne, MOAA president. "We have an equally interesting and active auxiliary for spouses and widows of commissioned officers. The auxiliary offers a variety of social activities."

The auxiliary's next meeting will be in Pagosa, time and location to be announced later.


Annual fiber festival will feature first Navajo rug auction

By Pauline Benetti

Special to The PREVIEW

Mark your calendar for Memorial Day weekend, May 28-29, and plan to spend time at the Pagosa Fiber Festival at the Archuleta County Fairgrounds.

This year, the festival will sponsor a Navajo Rug Auction 5-9 p.m. Sunday.

Organizers became aware of the connection between the Navajo weavers and the interests of the festival at the Navajo Sheep is Life Celebration last June in Tsaile, Ariz. At that point they entered into negotiations with the Navajo non-profit organization Dinè be' i inà Inc. which is working to restore the balance between Navajo culture, life and land by supporting the continuation of sheep herding and textile arts.

Organizers realized the festival was a natural venue for the product of this effort - the beautiful and durable Navajo rug. Approximately 200 rugs will be on display, then auctioned at Pagosa Fiber Festival.

Many other attractions make the festival a treat for the whole family. In the big tent, you will find all kinds of interesting animals - alpacas, llamas, angora goats (which produce mohair), angora rabbits (which produce angora) and several different types of sheep. Outside you can watch as goats and sheep are relieved of half a year's fiber during the shearing process. In the vendors' hall you will find fiber fashioned into every conceivable form - hat, glove, scarf, sweater, rugs, you name it.

In addition, you can watch demonstrations of the many different ways to handle fleece - spinning, weaving, knitting, crocheting and felting.

For those who are interested in learning how to work fiber, there will be workshops in knitting scarves/shawls for beginners and advanced; spinning; hand painting roving and yarns; felting hats; weaving - tapestry as well as Navajo hat bands and rugs; knitting socks for beginners and advanced; crocheting for beginners to intermediate; locker hooking for beginners; and color theory based on natural colors in the environment. Workshops run from Thursday, May 26 , through Tuesday, May 31.

For more information on workshops and registration, contact Barbara Witkowski at 264-4543 or workshops@pagosafiberfestival.com. For further information about the festival or to reserve a vendor or exhibitor space, contact Pauline Benetti at 264-5232 or pauline@pagosafiberfestival.com. The festival Web site www.pagosafiberfestival.com is also available for further information.

Seven local restaurants join 'Soup for the Soul'

Seven Pagosa Springs restaurants are donating a portion of sales of soup this week to benefit Soup for the Soul.

Dionigi's, the Hog's Breath, Isabel's, JJ's Upstream, Pagosa Baking Company, Unfortunate Sausage and Victoria's Parlor all are supporting this fund-raiser to benefit Hospice of Mercy.

Last Thursday, Kim Brown of JJ's and Russ Apodaca of Victoria's served nearly 100 bowls of soup at the senior center to kick off the event.

More than 49 restaurants throughout the San Juan Basin are participating in the week-long program. Each is promoting Hospice of Mercy's loving care of persons with end-of-life support. Hospice is a service of the Mercy Hospital system, and consistently operates at a loss, as do many nonprofits.

This is the first Soup for the Soul event, patterned after successful programs on the Front Range. Hospice of Mercy is very appreciative of the support given them in this community.

For more information on Soup for the Soul or Hospice of Mercy, call Rev. Don Straight at 731-3427.


There's bronze in those hills: Roberto Garcia

By Erin K. Quirk

Staff Writer

Tucked away in the quiet hills and pine trees of Aspen Springs is Pagosa's only bronze foundry.

Inside the building is a sculptor with a black beret and a bright but humble manner. A classically informed sculptor with a bachelor of fine arts degree, he speaks quickly and darts about his studio as bronze lovers burst out of raging volcanoes and languid women catnap on passing clouds.

The artist is Roberto Garcia and every corner of his studio holds evidence of his love for nature and the human body. He calls his style "figurative fantasy that's borderline surreal."

It's not unusual for people to employ fantasy and surrealism in their work to cover up a less than studied approach to their subjects. Not so for Garcia. He graduated from the University of Texas in fine arts and then attended a sculpting school. While sculpting is the current focus of his work, he is also a painter inspired by the Italian Renaissance masters and Picasso. In fact, many of the paintings hanging on the wall of his studio feel distinctly Italian. Peppered between them are Picasso-like sketches that speak a little to Garcia's range, a little to his need for variety but mostly to his love for drawing. Garcia believes that to sculpt well, one must first master drawing.

"I was taught you have to be able to draw it first," Garcia said. "Sketches are just different views of sculptures."

While much of his work is pure fantasy born out of his own creative imagination, the forms, such as the woman lying on the clouds, are accurate. Another sculpture entitled La Luna features a winsome female with long flowing hair forming the shape of the crescent moon. It is cast in bronze but has a slight green patina from the copper content of the metal. Like all of his bronze work, La Luna, from concept to casting, came from his own hands.

It's easy to like Garcia, and his enthusiasm for life, work and Pagosa Springs is infectious. He came to Pagosa in 1997 and moved to Aspen Springs where he built his own home and then began building his foundry. There Garcia casts his own bronze sculptures, a luxury rarely afforded most artists, as foundries are expensive to run and technically difficult to operate. Garcia earned four years of practical experience casting other artists' work as an assistant in a foundry and later built one of his own in Texas.

In his Aspen Springs foundry, Garcia follows a strict set of procedures that process his clay sculptures into rubber forms, then wax, then ceramic and then bronze. Technology occasionally accompanies the ancient processes, but Garcia still uses a crucible and a couple of strong, steady friends to pour 2000-degree bronze into the ceramic mold of his piece.

He said bronze-casting dates back to ancient Mesopotamia in, appropriately, the Bronze Age. Historians are not sure how bronze was discovered but speculate it may have occurred accidentally when rocks rich in copper and tin were used for campfire rings. As the fire got hot, the metals melted together forming bronze. The Chinese later began using bronze for bells, mirrors and weapons, but it was the Greeks and the Romans, Garcia said, who truly refined it. In Garcia's opinion, though, the Italians were the masters.

His current piece is a commission from the Immaculate Heart of Mary Church in downtown Pagosa Springs. He is interpreting Jesus Christ's journey to Calvary in the Stations of the Cross. He is working on Station 14 where Jesus is laid in the tomb. On a table next to the unfinished sculpture is a picture of his wife and son modeling the scene. The photograph is oddly compelling as Garcia's wife cradles the "lifeless" body of their son. He says with obvious pride that his family often contributes to his work in this way.

"My wife helps me with everything," he said.

Garcia rarely misses an opportunity to list what he loves about Pagosa Springs. He said the mountains, clouds and seasons he sees right from his deck inspire him.

"The absolute beauty of this place is the inspiration. The land itself is like a big sculpture," he said.

The aforementioned sculpture of the woman and the clouds is titled "La Nube" and Garcia notes that the cloud-woman is actually drifting over Pagosa Peak. The commissioned pieces like the one he is creating for the Catholic Church and a larger-than-life size statue of George Washington are what he calls his "bread and butter work," but his favorites are the ones like La Nube and La Luna that come directly from his soul.

"My favorite is the work that comes from my imagination," he said. "The best art is the one you do for the sake of art."

Though he adores Pagosa, Garcia, who spent many years as a starving artist, admits it's difficult for an artist to make a living mostly due to a small art market.

"If we had a fraction of the Santa Fe or Taos art market, we'd do great," he said. "I'm hopeful that we can begin to establish one."

A little on the shy side, Garcia said he is getting better about "getting out there" and marketing his work.

"If I ever get discovered, I won't have a lack of work," he said laughing about the paintings all over the walls and the hundreds of sketches and doodles he has tucked away. But for him every piece is an experience and a stepping stone to the next one and for now he's happy to spend every day in the foundry he built himself.

"There isn't a day that goes by I'm not thankful to be here."

For more information on Garcia contact him at 731-9507 or by e-mail at robyg@centurytel.net.

Our Savior Lutheran youth present 'Noah's RemARKable Voyage'

Students at Our Savior Lutheran School will present "Noah's RemARKable Voyage" 7 p.m. Friday at 56 Meadows Drive.

The public is invited to enjoy an evening of song and entertainment.

Nick Patterson, playing the part of Noah, will ensure the Ark is built just right for his family and all the animals.

The preschool children will be the animals and will board the ark and sing "The Butterfly Song."

Children in grades K-6 have been working hard on their speaking parts and the music and have made special magnet gifts to hand out at the end of the performance.

Refreshments will be served after the performance and all are welcome.

Big Brothers, Sisters information

Big Brothers Big Sisters monthly informational gatherings will be held 8-9 a.m. May 10, June 7 and July 12.

Sessions are in WolfTracks' coffee shop and refreshments are provided.

Attendees can learn how they can volunteer as a mentor for a child or how to help a child form a friendship with a quality adult role model.

Reservations are not necessary.

Call Dearle Ann Ricker, 264-5077 for more information.


Local Chatter

Sold out concert means you need to act fast

By Kate Terry

PREVIEW Columnist

When word started circulating around town last week that one of Pagosa's Music in the Mountains concerts already was sold out, some people were surprised - and disappointed with themselves for not going immediately to the Chamber of Commerce as soon as the tickets went on sale.

I you're like me, you were not surprised. I know there are many, many people in this community who are very glad to have our own concerts. It's wonderful to be able to enjoy world-class classical musicians without having to drive to Durango or travel to some big city.

Classical music enthusiasts were especially excited that this summer, for the first time, the full festival orchestra will perform here July 30. Even though this event will take place in a larger tent that seats 350, this is the concert that sold out first - in only three weeks, which is pretty amazing.

The good news is that tickets still are available for the two special chamber music concerts:

Pagosa welcomes internationally famous violinist Vadim Gluzman, who will perform Friday, July 22. Gluzman has been hailed as a clone of the late virtuoso Isaac Stern and lauded by critics and audiences as one of the most inspiring, dynamic artists performing today. He is flying in from Europe just to perform for Music in the Mountains.

Antonio Pompa-Baldi brings piano mastery back to Pagosa Friday, Aug. 5. He too was a great hit with local audiences the last two summers. He is a Van Cliburn silver medalist, and his performance will include Schumann's Piano Quartet.

The concerts will take place at BootJack Ranch on U.S. 160 east of Pagosa Springs, thanks to the generosity of David and Carol Brown, the ranch owners.

Cost for each concert is $0. Already more than half the tickets have been sold. I'm betting it won't be long before these events are sold out as well. So hurry on down to the Chamber of Commerce to get yours. You don't want to be left out of one of the biggest events of the summer in Pagosa Springs.

Around town ...

The Music Boosters had another hit with its production of the rip-roaring, fairy tale satire "Once Upon A Time" last weekend in the Parish Hall.

You can mark your calendars for productions to come: "Oklahoma" July 1, 2, 7, 8 and 9; "A Christmas Carol" Dec. 1-3; and "The Scheme of the Driftless Shifter," in spring 2006.

Fun on the run...

On a recent evening one family sat in a darkened theater waiting to see the latest hit movie. As the screen lit up with a flashy ad for the theater's concession stand, family members noticed the sound was missing.

The unexpected silence continued for several moments.

Then, out of the darkness, an irritated voice in the crowd demanded: "OK, who's got the remote."

Community Center News

Rummage sale success nets $400 for center

By Mercy E. Korsgren

PREVIEW Columnist

The second annual Post Prom Party will be 1-5 a.m. Sunday, May 1.

The community center, under the Teen Center program, is sponsoring this event. The purpose is to keep our youth safe while providing them the chance to have lots of fun. Entertainment will include giant inflatables such as Obstacle Course, Bungee Stretch, and Bouncy Boxing; casino-type games; live DJ, American Idol singing contest; a hypnotist, a coffee bar and food.

Electronics and cash prizes will be given out during the party. The grand prize will be a laptop computer donated by the Pagosa Springs Board of Realtors and affiliates.

Habitat luncheon

Habitat for Humanity's luncheon fund-raiser is noon Friday. This event will help build a Habitat home for another family in the community. You will also meet families who own Habitat homes. Sponsors and guests will enjoy a delicious lunch catered by Joanne Irons and great entertainment by the Habit-Tappers.

Photocopier needed

Our photocopier is on its last legs. We are looking for a community-minded person or group willing to donate a new or used one that can handle the center's photocopying needs. We only need a small unit and a new one would cost around $500. Your donation is tax-deductible.

Upcoming events

Building Blocks 4 Health (BB4H) meets 4:30 p.m. Thursday, May 12, for a food tasting party.

Cindy Hasselbach, a certified health advisor, will be guest speaker and will serve samples of high protein, low carb and low calorie soups, bars, shakes, crackers, etc.

She will also introduce a medically supervised weight management program, an individualized plan with the support of a certified health advisor and balanced meal replacement foods program. The BB4H speaker will also provide information on weight loss and management, hot flashes, high blood pressure and cholesterol programs for children. Come one and all, it's free.

Arts and crafts show

A show is scheduled at the center 9 a.m.-4 p.m. May 28 during Memorial Day weekend. We now have 15 artists and crafters participating in this event. It is definitely a go. There are still spaces for more. Artists and crafters should call now and reserve space to display and sell handcrafted items. Space assignments will be made on a first-come, first-served basis. Cost is $35 and $50 for an 8x8 or 10x10 space respectively, including tables. Proceeds from this event will benefit center programs offered to the community. Call 264-4152, Ext. 21 to reserve your spot.

Patriotic sing-along

Our second annual Patriotic Sing-A-Long Night will be 7-9 p.m. June 30. This event is a prelude to the Fourth of July celebration. The center is inviting music lovers, both individuals and groups, to participate in this symbolic and popular evening. Last year's event was a great success. Help us make this another success with lots of fun and good memories. We especially invite families of those on active military duty. Share with us your stories and photos. Watch for more information next week.

Previous highlights

The Community Rummage Sale was a success. The vendors were happy and they are looking forward to next year's event. Our After Prom Party and Building Blocks 4 Health tables made some money. The food - sopapillas and Navajo tacos - was delicious. Overall, the center made more than $400 which will be used for programs for the community.

Lisa Scott's 4-H Clover Buds class provided another busy, fun day for youngsters. A couple of them continued to paint their chair for the Relay for Life chair auction. The class made napkin rings out of toilet paper cardboard rolls and decorated them with tiny colored shells. Lisa also had the kids color the oceans on placemats showing a map of the world. It is always a great feeling to watch these kids have fun and learn at the same time.

Thank you

Many thanks to our volunteers who worked so hard during the rummage sale event: Ann Conkey, Lucy Gonzales, Helen Huff, Charlie Livingston, Rosenda Palma, Bill Korsgren, and Marina Solis. These individuals helped set up and take down, cooked and sold food, and manned the center table. Also, I'd like to thank Dee and Pauline. As always, they too worked hard and even got out of their way to make things happen. Kudos to all of you for another successful event. Muchos gracias tambien to all those who donated items for the sale.

The After Prom Party and Building Blocks 4 Health (BB4H) tables did well thanks to Lynn Johnson, Joanne Irons, Terri Matzdorf, Kathee Ferris, Marlene Jorgensen, Pat and Rebecca Maree. These community center-sponsored groups are raising money for the party and to purchase a medical scale.

Our thanks also go to Tom and Katherine Cruse for donating a computer system. We now have nine computers available for public use. Thanks to Becky Herman, our volunteer for her continued hard work in keeping our computer lab up and running to meet the demands of the community since the library closed.

Activities this week

Today - BB4H, 4:30-5:30 p.m.; Girls softball meeting, 6:30-7:30 p.m.; Anglican Church Fellowship, 6-8 p.m.

Friday, April 29 - Board of Realtors meeting, 8 a.m.-1 p.m.; Habitat for Humanity luncheon, noon-1 p.m.; Pagosa Hills Property Owners meeting, 7-9 p.m.

Saturday, April 30 - After Prom Party setup, 8 a.m.-8 p.m.; Randall Davis' drawing class, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

Sunday, May 1 - After Prom Party, 1-5 a.m.; Church of Christ Sunday service, 9 a.m.-noon; Grace Evangelical Free Church service, 9 a.m.-noon; United Pentecostal Church service, 2-4 p.m.

Monday, May 2 - Methamphetamine forum, 11 a.m.-2 p.m.; Seniors' bridge club, 12:30-4 p.m; Planned Parenthood, 3:30-5 p.m.

Tuesday, May 3 - Democratic Party meeting, 7-8 p.m.

Wednesday, May 4 - Pagosa Brat Play Group, 10 a.m.-noon; Wednesday bridge club, 10 a.m.-3 p.m.; Men's Recreation League basketball playoffs, 5-9 p.m.; Church of Christ Bible Study, 7-8 p.m.

Thursday, May 5 - Intermediate watercolor class, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.; BB4H, 4:30-5:30 p.m.; Anglican Church Fellowship, 6-8 p.m.

The gym is open Monday to Friday, 8 a.m.-noon, for walking and open basketball except when reserved for special events. Call 264-4152 for information and to reserve a room. The center needs your input on other programs and activities you would like to see happening here. If you have ideas, tell us about them.

The center is a non-profit organization under the umbrella of the Pagosa Springs Public Facilities Coalition and managed by the Town of Pagosa Springs. It provides spaces for the Archuleta County Seniors Program, Pagosa Springs Arts Council, Teen Center and other groups and organizations in the community. Rooms are available for rent to anyone or any group on first-come, first -served basis. There is a nominal charge to rent a room and monies collected pay for the utility bills and other operating costs.

Have your party or meeting here. We have very affordable rooms for small, mid-size and large groups. A catering kitchen is also available. Tables, chairs, portable stage, dance floor and audio visual equipment are available, too. The center is located at 451 Hot Springs Blvd. Call 264-4152.

Lost and Found. Please check at the front desk if you're missing something that might have been left at the center. We'll hold lost and found items for a month, then all unclaimed items will be donated to the local thrift stores. Call 264-4152.

Senior News

May is Older Americans Month

By Musetta Wollenweber

SUN Columnist

It is time to celebrate long-term living and recognize older Americans who are living longer, healthier lives that are more productive. Older people are not only adding years to their lives, but they are also improving the quality of their lives.

Colorado recognizes the importance of utilizing the talents, creativity and experience of our older citizens, and encourages maximum opportunity for their involvement in all aspects of community life. Toward that end, May has been declared Older Americans Month in the state.

Remember, keep your mind active, keep your body moving, and keep visiting us at "The Den" Senior Center where you are surrounded by family and friends who love, care and appreciate you!

Bus volunteers needed

The folks riding the bus could use a wee bit of assistance on their shopping days. We are currently looking for a volunteer to help our folks Tuesdays and another volunteer Fridays from approximately 12:45 to 3:30 p.m. Volunteers may be asked to carry grocery bags, push a cart, read labels, etc. Please call the Den at 264-2167 for further information.

Birthday celebrations

Celebrate April birthdays with us tomorrow. Not only are you celebrating another year of life, you are receiving a discount on your meal too. If you are 60 years of age and older, Archuleta Seniors, Inc., has discounted your meal to just $1 for those celebrating a birthday in April.

Come in and have cake!

Senior Prom

You've been looking forward to this and here it isŠ

Archuleta Seniors, Inc., is once again sponsoring Senior Prom, no not the high school prom, the "Senior" Prom.

The theme the senior class of the high school has chosen this year is "A Kiss From a Rose." If you are in the mood to grab your purdy clothes then do so, or join us in your duds. Either way be ready for an afternoon filled with great music courtesy of John Graves and his band and get out those dancing shoes too. No need to bring a date, this is a group event. Prom is 3-6 p.m. Sunday, May 1, at the high school. Advanced tickets are required and may be purchased at The Den for $5. Included in the ticket price is either a boutonniere or corsage, snacks and a photo. What a fun way to spend May Day and we'll crown the king and queen to make it even more special.

Seeds of Learning kids

On Tuesday, May 3, the cute preschoolers from Seeds of Learning will be here around noon to entertain us with their adorable songs. If you need your fix of cutie pies then you better be here; don't let someone else steal all their warm hugs.

Personality workshop

At 1 p.m. May 4, Bill Nobles from the Extension Office will present a workshop on understanding different personalities making us why we are the way we are, birth order and other fun topics. This was a workshop for all county employees a few weeks ago and we all found it very informative and had a blast. The workshop can be a very useful tool in our day-to-day lives; we hope you'll consider attending.

Let's go fly a kite

Send a kite soaring Friday, May 6, and keep your fingers crossed for great weather and moderate winds. Bruce Muirhead donated a great biplane kite last year and it hasn't been out for a test run yet. Bring along your own kite or borrow one of ours. And if flying a kite isn't your thing then grab your lawn chair and enjoy the outdoors with us or watch us soar from inside the dining room. Meet us here at 1 p.m.

Mother's Day

We will celebrate Mother's Day here at the Senior Center Friday, May 6. We will have a special gift for all the women who attend lunch on this special day in honor of all the love, support, strength and warmness that they add to the world. Please come in for lunch and help us say "thank you" for all they do.

Need massage therapist

Enhance the life of an older person by providing a healing massage. We are still looking for a volunteer massage therapist. Do you know someone who might be interested in coming in once or twice a month for an hour or so each visit? Our folks really miss that special touch. For further info, call Musetta at 264-2167.


We have a small garden area that needs your help. We need a number of green thumbs who would like to maintain the garden, plant, etc. At this point in time we are in the planning stages and need to know what you would like to plant. If you can help us out in anyway give us a call.

Weekly Walk-A-Thon

We are pleased to announce the weekly gym walk-a-thon. Spring is here and let's get in shape. We have been mentioning the importance of exercise and keeping your body moving throughout our newsletter. And we all know that the more we keep our bodies moving, the longer our physical capabilities will continue. Don't let those muscles get lazy. And remember to drink plenty of water!

"What? Exercise isn't fun," you say. Well, it sure can be, especially if you are doing it with a group of friends. That's why we are starting a weekly walk-a-thon at the senior center. Every Monday, Tuesday and Friday, starting at 11:15 a.m. We will walk in the community center gym for 15 minutes.

"What? Fifteen minutes isn't that long," you say. Well, walking three times a week for 15 minutes might just be the jump start your body needs and as you have heard many times before, it is definitely better than nothing. So, rather than sitting at those cafeteria tables waiting for lunch, let's go walking. And the best part is, when your are done doing your walking, the salad bar and lunch will be served.

Polo shirts

Our new summer shirts are in. Show your pride and order one of these sporty shirts today. We have two shirts to choose from - an indigo blue polo with our logo for $17, and a white polo with a pocket and logo for $19.

Home chore

Through our funding sources we are able to offer Home Chore Services to those folks who are 60 years of age and older. If you need assistance with minor home repairs, yard work, heavy household cleaning or minor home modifications, give us a call and see if you qualify. The suggested donation for this great service is $5 per hour.

Thank you

A very special thank you goes out to a couple of angels (you know who you are!) who have donated $500 toward the purchase of our defibrillator.


Are you interested in receiving the newsletter via e-mail? Let us know your e-mail address and we'll get you on the list, otherwise you can check it out at http://archuletacounty.org/Seniors/senior_center.htm.

Activities at a glance

All activities are free with the exception of Senior Prom.

Friday, April 29 - Qi Gong 10 a.m.; celebrate April birthdays at noon.

Sunday, May 1 - Senior Prom 3-6 p.m., Pagosa Springs High School.

Monday, May 2 - Medicare and Drug Card Counseling, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; gym walk 11:15 a.m.; Bridge 4 Fun 1 p.m., all levels welcome.

Tuesday, May 3 - Yoga in Motion, 9:30 a.m.; basic computer instruction, 10:30 a.m.; gym walk 11:15 a.m.

Wednesday, May 4 - Personality IQ Workshop with Bill Nobles, 1 p.m.

Thursday, May 5 - Arboles meal day call ahead for reservations.

Friday, May 6 - Qi Gong 10 a.m.; gym walk 11:15 a.m.; veterans' services, noon; Kite Flying Day, 1 p.m.


Suggested donation $2.50 for ages 60-plus, all others $4.50.

Salad bar everyday, 11:30 a.m.

Friday, April 29 - Chicken tortilla casserole, Mexicorn, pineapple and crackers.

Monday, May 2 - Baked potato with cheesy broccoli and wheat bread.

Tuesday, May 3 - Oven fried chicken, rice pilaf, green beans, strawberry apple cake and roll.

Wednesday, May 4 - Salisbury steak, mashed potatoes and gravy, mixed vegetables, peaches and roll.

Thursday, May 5 - Meal served in Arboles, call for menu and reservations.

Friday, May 6 - BBQ chicken on a bun, potato salad and tropical fruit.

Veteran's Corner

A bevy of veterans' events in near future

By Andy Fautheree

PREVIEW Columnist

A reminder: I will be out of the office this week and first part of next week. I look forward to seeing you and assisting with your veteran needs upon my return May 2.

Veteran events

There are a number of veteran events coming up in the near future in Archuleta County.

May 21 is Armed Forces Day. I'm not sure if or what may be scheduled on behalf of veterans for that day. Watch for local announcement of any events.

Memorial Day

May 30 is Memorial Day, which has been traditionally observed for and by local veterans. The American Legion usually has flag raising ceremonies at the building on Hermosa Street next to Town Park. This is then followed by ceremonies saluting veterans at Hilltop Cemetery. I would suggest watching for more specific information in the next week or two in The SUN and this column.

Patriots picnic

June 11 will see the Republican Party Patriots' Picnic at the Viking J Ranch in Arboles 1-7 p.m. All veterans and especially active duty personnel currently serving in the Armed Forces, and their families, are invited to attend. The event is free for veterans, active duty armed forces persons and their immediate families.

Veteran spouses, family members and children will need a ticket. Price of the ticket is $20 for an adult and $5 for kids. This will include entertainment and food.

It is expected activities will include live music, dancing, a military color guard and a military fly over. The Viking J Ranch is reached by taking Colo. 151 to Arboles, turning north on Colo. 975, 1.5 miles to County Road 973, then west one mile to the ranch.

Free veteran tickets

I encourage all veterans to stop by my office anytime for a free ticket to the Patriot's Picnic.

Patriotic Sing-along

Mercy Korsgren called me earlier this week and announced the second annual Patriotic Sing-along will be held 7-9 p.m. June 30 in the community center.

I was very honored to be asked to emcee this event last year, and again this year. However, I have a schedule conflict and won't be able to perform the duties this year.

Favorite veteran

The reason is my favorite veteran, my dad, will be celebrating his 90th birthday July 3 and I will be there to help him celebrate. He is a World War II veteran, having seen action in Europe in the D-Day Normandy invasion, Battle of the Bulge, and the final assault on the German homeland. He served as a communications sergeant in the 507th Airborne and fought in some of the toughest combat zones. He is my hero.

I will look forward to seeing as many of you veterans as possible at these patriotic events.


Don't forget to call or stop by my office with your VA health care appointments for the "Share-A-Ride" program. Help a fellow veteran who may be going in the same direction to the same VA facility. Give me a call if you can provide transportation or need transportation. I will keep a calendar of who is going where to coordinate this important program.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is at 400 S. Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, CO 81301 (next to Big 5 Sports). Phone number is 247-2214. Albuquerque VAMC phone number is (800) 465-8262.

Further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, fax 264-8376, e-mail afautheree@archuletacounty.org. The office is open from 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs and for filing in the VSO office.

Library News

Hummingbirds are back; here's a good nectar

By Peggy Bergon

PREVIEW Columnist

Last Thursday started with a call from Lenore alerting us that hummingbirds had been spotted.

The most common species to migrate to Colorado are the broad-tailed Rufous, and Black-chinned. Hummingbirds get the energy they need to maintain their astonishing metabolism from flower nectar, soft-bodied insects and the sugar water they find at the feeders many of us put out as a spring ritual.

Laurence J. Webster of Boston designed the first commercially available hummingbird feeder for his wife, who had read a 1928 National Geographic story about feeding hummers from small glass bottles. Sometime between 1929 and 1935 Webster had his design produced by an MIT lab glassblower. Interest was aroused, and in 1950 the Audubon Novelty Company of New York made the Webster feeder available for sale.

Here's the recipe for the nectar to use in your feeder:

One part white cane sugar to four parts water. Boil the water if you wish, but it's not necessary. Do not use honey, Jell-O, brown sugar or red food coloring in your feeder. This can cause harm to these fascinating little beauties.

They are the world's second largest family of birds with an estimated 328 species and are found only in North, South and Central America, and the islands of the Caribbean.

Building delayed

We know many of you are wondering why construction was halted at the library site. Due to unexpected results from a soil sample, the foundation design needed to be altered.

This entails work by the structural engineer and then review by the town's building department. Everyone is making sure this process is happening as quickly as possible, and soon you will see activity once again.

Jackie Welch and I attended a workshop in Durango for training on the EBSCO magazine database the library subscribes to. We wanted to sharpen our skills in preparation for offering this database to patrons through the library Web site.

Over 5000 magazines and journals will be available to search. Watch for more information about this exciting new service.

Arts Line

PSHS art exhibit continues; four works sold

By Kayla Douglass

PREVIEW Columnist

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council exhibit season opened with our annual high school exhibit with a reception April 21 under the direction of Charla Ellis, high school art teacher, assisted by Victoria Stanton, part-time PSAC staff and art student.

The exhibit, titled "Chimera" will be on display through May 4 and includes works of 10 students in Art III and Art IV. Four paintings were sold at the reception.

Stop by and view the artwork and vote for your favorite for People's Choice Award. Gallery hours for this exhibit are 1-5 p.m., Tuesday through Saturday.

Pagosa Country calendar

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council has undertaken a project to produce an annual 14-page, full-color calendar about Pagosa Springs, featuring the works of local artists. At present, there is no calendar that focuses on Pagosa Country exclusively.

The Arts Council wants to capitalize on the opportunity to promote Pagosa Springs 365 days a year through the beautiful scenic calendar, and encourage the work of local artists and photographers.

The 13 images have been selected and will be on display beginning with an opening reception 5-7 p.m. May 5 at the gallery in Town Park. The calendar committee is chaired by Barbara Rosner, assisted by Doris Green, Jeff Laydon and Jean Shah. The judging panel was Mary Jo Coulehan, executive director of the Chamber of Commerce, and Carly DeLong, Studio Abuzz.

The 2006 calendars will be available in June.

Davis class

Mark your calendar for Saturday, April 30. Randall Davis teaches a drawing class one Saturday a month. It's usually the third Saturday of the month, but for April Randall needed to reschedule it for last Saturday. Drawing with Randall Davis begins 9 a.m. and usually finishes around 3 p.m. in the community center. The subject this month will be perspective and composition of physical structures in relation to their surrounding landscape. This class is a precursor to going outdoors beginning in May. If you have never attended one of his classes, it's a treat to see what you can produce in a day under his guidance. All you need to bring is a large sketchpad, a few drawing pencils; preferably a mid-range No. 2 or No 3 and No. 6 in a bold lead and in a hard lead, ruler, eraser and an attitude to enjoy the day. Bring your own sack lunch, since you'll be having so much fun you won't want to take the time away from drawing to go get one. It's best to make a reservation through PSAC, 264-5020. Or space allowing, walk-ins are always welcome


PSAC is an organization that helps ensure a flourishing and diverse community by enriching lives through the arts.

Privileges of membership include involvement in membership activities, involvement in the community, discount on PSAC events and workshops, recognition in Artsline and listings in PSAC Artist Guide and PSAC Business Guide.

Workshops and exhibits are sponsored by PSAC to benefit the arts community.

Effective April 1 our membership rates change. The new rates are: Youth - $10; Individual Senior - $20; Regular - $25; Family Senior - $25; Family Regular - $35; Business - $75; Patron - $250; Benefactor - $500; Director - $1,000; Guarantor - $2,500 and up.

PSAC sponsored events include:

- gallery exhibits, May-October;

- art workshops and classes, community center;

- PSAC annual membership meeting;

- annual Pagosa Country Calendar;

- annual juried art exhibit;

- annual photo contest;

- annual Home and Garden Tour;

- annual Gallery Tour;

- periodic artist studio tour;

- watercolor club;

- photo club;

- Summer Youth Art Camp;

- arts and craft tent, Four Corners Folk Festival.

PSAC divisions include Pagosa Pretenders and San Juan Dance Festival

We value our membership and appreciate their support. If you are reading this column and would like to be a member, call 264-5020 or e-mail psac@centurytel.net.

Pine River Library

The Pine River Library in Bayfield welcomes artists of all ages to display their artwork in the building.

All mediums are welcome. If you wish to display your artwork, call Chrissy Moiseve at 884-2222. She will be happy to fax you an display request form. Artwork is displayed for two months. Artwork to be displayed the months of May and June must be received no later than April 29. Artwork displayed may be available for sale, and while the library staff is not involved in the sale of artwork, they will refer queries about the purchase to the artist. There is no fee charged to artists. This project encourages the artistic and cultural interest of the community by providing a showcase for local artists.

Performing arts camp

Creede Repertory Theatre will host its first overnight Performing Arts Resident Camp Aug. 7-13. The camp is open to all students in grades seven through 12 who have an interest in the performing arts.

The camp is open to all students in grades seven through 12. The main focus of PARC is to strengthen the students' overall training in stage work, vocal performance, scene study and movement. Students do not need any prior theatre experience; however, they should be interested in the performing arts.

The second goal of PARC is to give students an opportunity to develop interests in other areas of art and creativity. Students will be able to choose elective classes in painting, jewelry making, photography and music. Students will also have the opportunity to explore the nature that surrounds Creede with activities such as horseback riding and river rafting.

All PARC classes will take place at the Creede Repertory Theatre and will be taught by CRT theatre professionals. Elective classes will take place at their respective locations in downtown Creede. Students will be supervised 24 hours a day by camp counselors, CRT staff members, or elective teachers.

Cost for the camp is $500 per student including: all theatre and elective classes, housing for six nights, all meals, adventure activities, admission to three main stage CRT shows, and transportation to and from the cabin. A limited number of scholarships will be available to students with financial needs.

For information on PARC or a registration packet, contact Julie Merrill at (719) 658-2540.

PSAC Calendar

All PSAC classes and workshops are held in the Arts and Craft Space in the community center, unless otherwise noted.

Through May 4 - Pagosa Springs High School Art Exhibit - 1-5 p.m. in gallery in Town Park.

April 30 - Drawing with Randall Davis, 9 a.m.-3 p.m.; $35.

May 5 - Intermediate watercolor painting with Betty Slade 9 a.m.-3 p.m.; $35 for PSAC members, $40 for nonmembers.

May 5 - Opening reception for calendar exhibit 5-7 p.m. in gallery.

May 5-31 - Pagosa Springs Calendar exhibit.

May 6 - Beginner and above oil painting with Betty Slade 9 a.m.-3 p.m.; $40 PSAC members, $45 nonmembers, $35 current students.

May 11 - Photography club, 5:30 p.m.

May 12-13 - Oil painting, "Nuts and Bolts & More," with Betty Slade, continuing work in progress, learning more painting techniques and beginning new paintings; $80 per student for PSAC members, $90 for nonmembers.

June 23 - 2005 PSAC annual meeting.

July 24 - PSAC Home and Garden Tour.

PSAC supports all art activities in Pagosa. For inclusion in Arts line, send information to PSAC e-mail (psac@centurytel.net). We would love to hear from you regarding suggestions for Arts line. Events in surrounding areas will be included when deemed of interest to our readers.

Food for Thought

Cashing checks in Kafkaville

By Karl Isberg

PREVIEW Columnist

Well, it finally happened.

I've heard stories the last few years, listened as friends moaned and groaned.

And now, it's happened to me.


In one week.

It's a clear sign the world is coming to an end.

What might the sign be, you ask: a comet, the birth of a two-headed calf, blood gushing from a stone, fish leaving their aquarium to perform a song and dance number?


More profound than that.

Siberia with a View has morphed in Kafkaville and, while I have yet to turn into a large insect, I've been beaten with an absurdly large bureaucratic hammer. I'm terribly sensitive, and I am bruised.

What happened?

I got asked for an ID. In one case, for two forms of ID.

At establishments I have haunted for nearly 20 years.

The first incident occurred when I tried to buy fuel at the grocery store gas station.

I first patronized the local grocery store when it was Circle Sooper. It was snapped up by City Market, then a family-owned chain, and I stayed with the store as a faithful customer. When the chain was purchased and began to expand, after the second store was built in Pagosa on the west side of town, I remained true - never fleeing town to nearby cities to buy my groceries in bulk. I always - read ALWAYS - paid with a check.

So, what do I hear when I hand a cashier my check for the gas?

"I can't take this, sir. Not without seeing a valid ID."


I was taken aback. First, because I never carry an ID. Second, because the phrase had never once been uttered to me by an employee of the store.

"I need an ID, sir."

"I don't have one."

"Excuse me?"

"I don't have one."

"Do you have a driver's license, sir?"

"Somewhere, but not here. I haven't seen it for quite some time - not since I put it through a wash cycle. Maybe it's in a dresser drawer at home, maybe not."

"Do you have any other kind of picture ID?"

"I have an high school sports press pass from 1998, but I don't have it with me."

"I can't take this check, sir."

"But, I already put the gas in the car. The check is for eleven dollars. It's drawn on a local bank."

"I'm sorry sir, I can't take your check without an ID."

"OK, here's what you do: Get on your telephone and call the store manager and tell him you are holding Karl hostage. Ask him if he will approve the check."

"I don't know if I can do that; he's a busy man."

"Well, the folks standing in line behind me are going to get a bit riled if you don't. Make haste, my precious, or I'll stand here all day."

She reluctantly makes the call and the store manager acknowledges my existence but, just to make me squirm, he allows the lass behind the glass to issue a stern warning: Next time, pay by check, present ID so name and vital information are captured by the gas station computer. Company rules.

Next thing you know, the store will want to implant a subcutaneous microchip in every customer so they can be tracked 24 hours a day. Mark my words.


I'm so peeved I overcook the halibut.

I have a couple days to cool off and forget the event but, as if a higher power wished to drive the point home, it happens again.

This time, I go somewhat berserk. Well, maybe more than somewhat; I have a talent for being a total ass and this event brings out the best in me.

This particular day, I am a stick of dynamite waiting to explode; I have a mid-afternoon appointment with the front man for The Village at Wolf Creek. With my "If you moved to Colorado after 1950, you should go back where you came from" approach to development of all kinds, I am in no mood to listen to his spiel, of no mind to agree the project is ordained by a higher power (unless you define higher power as a zillionaire from Texas).

Well, the dynamite explodes.

At my bank.

I've been banking at this establishment for many years, through several name changes and parallel changes of management.

Every week, like a bear heading for a favorite trash receptacle, I show up in front of a cashier to deposit my wages and take away the five dollars spending money Kathy allows me for the week. (This sounds oppressive, but you need to know my habits before you pass judgment on her).

This particular day, a nice young woman motions me over to her station and pleasantly makes her way through the transaction. This process includes the deposit of money into two accounts in my name, and one account in my wife's name. Three local accounts, all with the same last name, the same address, etc. I've gone through this drill for years. FOR YEARS!

All goes normally up to the time the cashier must give me my five bucks.

"For cash back, sir, I need to see two forms of ID."

Huh? For a moment I feel like someone who has been hit in the forehead with a ball peen hammer. There is a blinding flash of light and my circuits snap shut.

"For five dollars, you need ID? I just deposited all but five dollars of a check in three accounts that make it pretty" clear who I am."

"Yes sir. I need to see ID to give you the five dollars."

"I don't have an ID."

"Oh, my. Well, our rules state that, if I don't know you, and you don't have our bank cards, I need ID before I can give you cash back. If they check at the end of the day and find out I haven't asked for your ID, I would be in trouble"

"You don't know me?"

"No sir."

"Well, you're not going to get acquainted with me today by looking at my ID - since I don't have one. Tell you what: Call your bank president on the phone and ask him if he knows me."

She looks at her phone for a sec, appears ready to make the call, then decides otherwise. She is not going to carry this up the food chain. Too risky a move; bad things can happen to the minnow when it delivers messages to the shark.

"I better not do that. Maybe one of the other tellers knows you. When one of them gets free, I'll ask."


My brain is starting to heat up. My frontal lobe is like the heat shield on a returning space capsule.

Finally, another teller finishes his business and confirms I am who I am. I get my five bucks but the brain melt is in high gear. I am going to act like a total ass Š and there is nothing I can do to stop myself.

I inform the teller I know she is merely following orders, then I flip out.

"This situation exemplifies everything that is wrong with this town. In fact, it is typical of everything that is wrong with this society. With the species, for that matter."

The poor teller stares at me as I froth up. Her eyes are wide open; she's afraid to blink.

"Surely there's a bank in this burg where the teller will not ask a longtime customer for his ID - when he wants five lousy dollars back after he's put the rest of his money in accounts that have been on the books for, what, 17 years or so? Huh? Well, I'm not putting up with this: I'm outta here. There are plenty of banking options and I don't have to tolerate being depersonalized by the arbitrary rules of a heartless mega-corporation. I know it's not your fault; you're just doing what an oppressive profit-driven system demands. You are required by your overlords to humiliate customers, so I'll deal with the problem at the source."

"Oh my, I hate to hear that," says the teller as I lumber toward the executive suites at the rear of the building.

I charge through the bank president's door, what's left of my now-molten brain converting to barely coherent words that pour unimpeded, unedited from my mouth.

"Now don't get me wrong," I begin.

The president nearly drops his copy of Field and Stream.

"We're friends, but I am outta here. I'm taking my money and moving it to another bank. I just got asked for two IDs for five crummy dollars and I am so offended I can hardly speak. You and your giganto corporation and all its rules are symptomatic of the malaise that is destroying this community. You and everyone who has moved to Colorado since 1950." (I forget he is a Colorado native, but I am in a state that requires neither accuracy nor logic).

Much to his credit, the president does not mention the fact that the amount of money I keep in his bank wouldn't pay for one night of custodial service at the building.

He is oddly calm, given the enormous gravity of my situation. He is, in fact, quite apologetic, but it makes no difference - I am irate, fueled by my share of the pain of untold millions who are slapped around on a daily basis by an all-powerful corporate culture.

The vice-president, another friend, hears the commotion and comes to the door of the office.

"What's wrong, Karl?"

"Wrong? What's wrong, you ask? Does the Inquisitioner ask the man on the rack what's wrong?" I am waving my arms in the air and turning in circles.

"You guys have become what most people moved here to avoid. You are all puppets in an international conspiracy designed to strip the common man of his dignity. Do you realize I was just asked for two IDs after I deposited money in three accounts and requested a measly five bucks back?

"Really? You don't say? Gosh. Well, that shouldn't happen."

"I've been tied to the wheel, broken and beaten with the whip of big business. And I gotta tell you, it hurts."

"Really? An ID?" He is oddly calm, given the enormous gravity of my situation.

The president speaks up.

"Gee, Karl, I'm sorry."

"Sorry? For crying out loud, I've been violated! Drawn and quartered!"

I turn on my heel, stalk out of the bank, mumbling to myself.

So, I've made a fool of myself. Done a darned good job of it, at that.

But, am I finished?

Heck no. I want to make sure everyone knows

I am a world-class idiot.

When I get back to my office, I pick up the phone and call a friend who is president of another bank in town. I hear him put his copy of Field and Stream down as he prepares to deal with me.

I explain my situation and my state of mind. The pres is impassive, adding an occasional "Hmmm," or "My, that's something, isn't it?" whenever I take a breath during my rambling narrative. Oddly calm, given the enormous gravity of my situation.

"If I move my untold wealth to your bank, can you promise me I will never be asked for an ID if I want five bucks cash back after a deposit?"

"I will personally introduce you to every employee at the bank. Of course, there could be a slipup, but we will work hard to see it doesn't happen." I hear him turn the page of the magazine.

"I will be in to see you soon."

Talk about a catharsis; it's like releasing the steam from a hot pressure cooker. Whew.

I'm pretty pleased with myself. I've landed a substantial blow on the corporate beast.

I continue to entertain this thought as I go to the market and find the ingredients for dinner. A victory dinner, of sorts. Nothing beats comfortable chow and a couple glasses of wine when you are in the mood to celebrate a triumph.

I'm in a carnivorous mode - ready for meat. I ponder a porterhouse then remember I have not wheeled the grill to the deck. Then, inspiration: meat loaf. I grab a pound of lean ground beef, a pack of ground veal, a chub of ground pork. I toss egg, breadcrumbs, minced onion, red bell pepper, herbs, garlic into the mix and bake up a loaf. I saute some spinach with garlic in butter and olive oil and splash in a stout measure of heavy cream at the end of the process. A touch of freshly grated Parmesan Š oh, yeah. A salad with a simple dressing: olive oil, freshly squeezed lemon juice, crushed garlic, minced shallot, salt, pepper, a teaspoon or so of whole grain mustard all whisked into a heady emulsion. I pop open a bottle of shiraz.

I am fine while I cook and while I eat.

The problem occurs when the warm glow of victory ebbs, when my blood sugar returns to a normal level, when the wine buzz fades and I realize how stupid I am.

Bottom line: I've made a spectacle of myself and must make a choice.

1) I proceed full-speed ahead and move my accounts to the new bank (When I make this suggestion, Kathy refuses to flee with me. She is oddly calm given the enormous gravity of my situation.) In this case I will be known by my pals at the old bank as a ridiculous bozo with a short fuse. They probably knew this all along, but I would cement the impression.

2) I retreat, remain at the old bank, skulk in wearing a wig and a fake nose, act submissive while the officers smirk behind my (spineless) back. Also, the president of the other bank, with whom I make forays to Las Vegas, etc. will make a point of telling the story at every possible juncture, rendering it, and me, more absurd each time.

I do have other options, however - options that allow me to deal with my riches without sacrificing my dignity.

I keep a small amount of cash in my account at the old bank; everyone thinks it's business as usual.

I open an account at the second bank and make a similarly small deposit.

I keep the majority of my money elsewhere.

I have my mattress and there's a coffee can buried in the yard.

At least I won't need two forms of ID to make a withdrawal.

Now, if I can just figure a way to cash my check . . .

Extension Viewpoints

Soil is successful gardening's key

By Bill Nobles

PREVIEW Columnist

April 28 - Cake Decorating Project meeting, 5 p.m.

April 30 - District Fine Arts Contest in Durango.

May 2 - Shooting Sports — Group A, Ski & Bow Rack, 4 p.m. Dog Obedience Project meeting, 4 p.m.; Sportsfishing Project meeting, 4:30 p.m.; 4-H Leaders meeting, 6 p.m.

May 3 - 4-H Livestock Committee meeting, 6:30 p.m.

May 5 - Cake Decorating Project meeting, 5 p.m. Shady Pines Club meeting, 7 p.m.

Check out all posted 4-H project and club meeting dates and community meetings at www.archuleta.colostate.edu/calendar.htm.

Interest in organic gardening has been successful largely because the practice encourages the use of organic matter as an amendment, thereby improving soil texture (tilth). This, in turn, improves the environment for good root growth and the development of soil microorganisms that make nutrients more readily available.

Organic matter also supplies some nutrients, but most forms of organic matter are rather low in amounts when compared with the commercial inorganic sources. From the standpoint of plant use, it makes no difference whether the nutrients are supplied from organic or inorganic sources since the plants can only use the nutrients in the basic inorganic form. The difference is primarily in the availability. For instance, nitrogen from organic sources is released more slowly than from most commercial fertilizers.

Slow release of nutrients would be desirable in a soil already adequate in nutritional levels. On the other hand, where soils are deficient in one or more nutrients, it usually is desirable to add commercial, more quickly available fertilizers to correct the deficiency.

Before adding fertilizers to a soil, first determine whether a problem in growing healthy plants is due to nutrition or a physical property of the soil, such as poor texture. A plant in a "tight," poorly aerated soil may do poorly because the root system is unable to utilize the nutrients, even though they may be present in adequate amounts. Amendment with organic matter to "open up" the soil first is more appropriate in this case than adding a commercial fertilizer.

Texture and drainage

Soil with a steep slope, while having good surface runoff (often confused with good drainage), may have poor subsurface drainage if the texture is fine (high in clay) or if underlying soils create a barrier to water movement. Water is always held more tightly in fine soils than in coarse, sandy soils. A fine-textured soil underlaid with buried organic matter, sand and even gravel will not drain well. The water will not move through the coarse layer because it is held more tightly in the finer-textured soil above. The best soils for growing plants are uniform in texture throughout the root zone with a good balance of minerals, air and organic matter.

Texture test

Roll some slightly moistened soil between your thumb and forefinger. If it forms a firm ball, feels smooth and becomes sticky when moistened, it is too high in clay. If you cannot form a ball, the soil won't stay together and it feels somewhat grainy, the soil will be of a better texture. If, on the other hand, the soil feels very coarse, it may be too sandy and will not hold an adequate amount of water.

Subsoil drainage test

Dig a hole in the garden area about 12 inches deep and the diameter of a spade. Pour water in the hole to the rim. Refill the hole a day later and observe how long it takes for all the water to soak in. If the water soaks in within a few minutes, the subsoil drainage may be too good. Such soils may not hold enough water to sustain plant life and can lose valuable nutrients through leaching. If the water takes more than one hour to soak in, the subsoil drainage may be poor. Plants may suffer from oxygen starvation (drowning) under these conditions.

Soil amendments

Soil improvement is a continual process. It often takes 10 or more years to make a productive garden soil. If your soil is too sandy or too high in clay, the solution to both extremes is essentially the same - add organic matter. In a sandy soil, organic matter acts much like a sponge to hold moisture and nutrients. In clay, organic matter helps to aggregate the finer particles allowing for larger pore spaces, thus improving aeration and drainage.

It is possible, especially in clay soils, to create a soluble salt problem by adding too much organic matter all at once. The general "rule of thumb" is to incorporate no more than 3 cubic yards of organic matter per 1,000 square feet per year. This is equivalent to 1-1/4 inches of amendment on the soil surface before it is tilled in. All amendments added should be thoroughly tilled into the soil, making it a uniform mixture.

The best organic amendments include relatively coarse, partially decomposed compost and aged barnyard manure. The type of manure is not important, but it should be at least one year old if planting is anticipated soon after amendment. Fresh manure usually is too high in ammonia, which injures plant roots. If the manure has a strong acrid odor, avoid using it or let the amended ground lie fallow for several months before planting. Because of high salts, avoid repeated use of most feedlot manures unless the salts can be leached first. Dairy cattle manure generally is lower in salt content.

Coarse sphagnum peat is a good amendment but is expensive when compared with manure or compost. Avoid using the "native" sedge peats unless mixed with coarser material. Most are too fine in texture and can act as a "glue," further complicating a tight soil situation.

In addition to coarse sand, inorganic amendments include calcine clay products (such as Turface), pulverized volcanic rock (scoria), perlite (heat-treated limestone) and diatomaceous earth. These materials are comparatively expensive and probably feasible only to amend small plots or small amounts of potting soils.

Liquid amendments

Like household detergents, liquid products break the surface tension of water around the soil particle and allow deeper water penetration. There in no way to increase the pore space of a soil. The liquid "conditioners," therefore, cannot be considered as soil amendments and are properly called "adjuvants." At best, they may provide a temporary improvement of water penetration but do not "break up clay soils" as some claim. They are not substitutes for amendments.

What about gypsum?

Gypsum is a salt - calcium sulfate - and when added to calcareous clay soils (the typical high calcium soil in Colorado), does no more than increase the already high calcium content. Thus, gypsum + calcareous clay = gypsum + calcareous clay. In other words, adding gypsum to a soil that does not need calcium is a waste of money. Also avoid adding gypsum to a saline soil (soil high in salts). Gypsum increases salt levels.

The use of sulfur in a clay soil high in calcium also has been acclaimed by some as a method of breaking up a tight soil. While sulfur added in small amounts over a long period of time eventually can improve the soil condition and reduce soil alkalinity, this practice generally is not advised because the sulfur reacting with the calcium simply forms gypsum.

The only soil that can be benefited by adding gypsum is a soil high in sodium, called "sodic soil" or "black alkali." These soils normally are found where there is a high water table and poor drainage. Such soils are hard and cloddy when dry and take water very slowly. Few plants can survive in them.

Remember if you need your soil tested, stop by the Extension Office and see what kind of testing services we offer. This way you can be sure to add the needed amendments for your soil.

Bindweed mite

The Archuleta County Extension Office will be receiving 200 releases of Bindweed Mite at $15 per release for use in managing Field Bindweed. Each release will treat 25 acres, and are 75 percent effective in controlling field bindweed after two years. These will be delivered the end of May or June. Releases will be limited to 10 per person and must be prepaid. If you are interested in purchasing the bindweed mites, contact the office at 264-5931.

Last potato call

Last call for getting those seed potatoes. The Archuleta County Extension Office is taking orders until Friday for two kinds of seed potatoes. They are the Sangre (red potato) and the Yukon Gold (white potato). Both species are forty cents per pound. When orders arrive in at the Extension Office each person will be contacted to pick up their order. If you are interested in ordering seed potatoes please call 264-2388, email us at archulet@coop.ext.colostate.edu or stop by the Extension Office.

Pagosa Lakes News

Turn a chuckle into a belly laugh and save your heart

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

Recently, on one of those quiet, nothing-happening kind of evenings, my husband and I rented "Singin' In The Rain," an old-time classic film. We were treated to 125 minutes of ha-ha-ha. We felt so good after "Singin'" that we've continued renting and watching other movies of the same ilk.

No, we are not being lazy and passively entertained. We are working on our heart health. Laughter is ha-ha-heart healthy. A good belly laugh is believed to have repercussions all the way up to the heart.

Researchers have found that laughter causes the endothelium, the inner lining of blood vessels, to dilate. This increased blood flow is good for overall cardiovascular health. I love it! What an economical and easy way to get a cardiovascular workout.

The researchers stated that the magnitude of changes in increased blood flow during and up to 45 minutes after watching a funny movie were similar to the benefits that might be seen with aerobic activity. But that's not a reason to trade laughing for exercise.

I put the idea to the test during my last five months of limited mobility. Funnies may have a salubrious effect on my heart, but they were rotten on the waistline. I've gained five pounds.

The ideal would be to do both. So for more laughs, visit the American Film Institute's list of 100 Funniest American Movies (www.AFI.com). Remember it has to be comedies rather than stress provokers: "Something about Mary" rather than "Saving Private Ryan."

Now that the snow is almost gone, I bet you are experiencing spring discoveries. On a rare occasion, it's fabulous to discover a much-missed item. However, in most cases, it's trash and junk - like old tires, a bag of trash, debris, etc. Take that old tire, the melting snow, warm days and you have a nice breeding environment for mosquitoes. That bag of forgotten trash from last fall by now is transmitting pheromones too hungry skunks and bears. A pile of ashes will soon become a dust problem for a down-wind neighbor.

The Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association is reminding property owners and renters alike to pick up and properly dispose of the debris before it becomes a neighborhood issue.

Remember that once trash and debris becomes an issue, a neighbor's complaint could result in a violation notice from PLPOA's Department of Covenant Compliance.

Along with spring cleaning and getting organized after a long winter, here's something else you might want to add to your to-do list. In a few weeks, cell phone numbers are being released to telemarketing companies and you will start to receive sale calls. You, of course, will have these minutes charged to your account as normal.

What to do? Call this number from your cell phone: (888) 382-1222 and be ready to punch in your cell phone number on request. This is the National Do Not Call Registry. It only takes a minute of your time and it blocks your number for five years.



No births this week


Ruth 'Rosie' Barcus

Ruth "Rosie" Barcus, 92, passed away Tuesday, April 26, 2005, at the Pine Ridge Extended Care Center in Pagosa Springs. Rosie was raised in Minnesota and moved to Long Beach, Calif., in the 1930s. Rosie was born to Otto and Ragna Thoen Aug. 16, 1912, in Ogden, Utah. Rosie married Harry Ambiose Barcus in Santa Monica, Calif., July 19, 1941.

She is survived by three children: Robert Harry Barcus of Pagosa Springs, Diana Rae Litt of Pagosa Springs, and Danita Medeiros of Walnut, Calif., and by eight grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren.

A family viewing was held Wednesday, April 27, 2005, at Pagosa Springs Funeral Options. Rosie was taken to Whittier, Calif., for services there and burial in the Rose Hills Cemetery.


Glenn A. Bergmann

Glenn A. Bergmann died peacefully early Monday, April 18, at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. He was 78.

He was born in Colorado Springs Feb. 17, 1927, and spent his early childhood on a ranch on Cheyenne Mountain near Colorado Springs.

During World War II, Glenn was drafted into the Army and served with the 10th Mountain Division, the First Cavalry Division and with the OSS in China. After the war, Glenn attended Colorado A&M, now Colorado State University in Fort Collins, graduating with degrees in architectural engineering and agricultural economics. While at the school, Glenn played men's AAU basketball with Poudre Valley Creamery, a team which reached the national finals in 1948.

Glenn worked a number of years as a contractor and businessman in the Denver area before going to Colorado University Law School. He graduated from law school and joined the Colorado Bar in 1968. He practiced law until 1990.

Upon retiring, he and his companion of 20 years, Merilyn Moorhead, moved to Pagosa Springs where they enjoyed a rich and varied life in the community.

Glenn is survived by Merilyn; his beloved dog Ginger; Bill Bergmann and his wife, Shelli, and their children, Willie and Rachel, of Austin, Texas; Kathleen Anderson of Grand Junction and her sons, Bradley and Charles, who are currently in Chicago, Ill.; Ananda Hansa and her husband, Jay Branscomb, and her sons, Abe Saunders of Durango and Joe Breckenridge of Aurora; Ariel Bergmann of Glasgow, Scotland, and Liz Bergmann of Denver.

In Glenn's memory, please make contributions to the Lee Sterling Social Action Fund, c/o the UU Fellowship, PO Box 5984, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147 or the Chimney Rock Interpretive Program, PO Box 1662, Pagosa Springs, CO, 81147.


Luis Chavez

Luis Chavez of Pagosa Springs, passed away early Sunday morning, April 24, 2005, at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. Luis (Louis) made the ultimate breakthrough to be with his Savior and Lord Jesus Christ. He was born Nov. 3, 1935, in Peralta, N.M., the 13th son of Francisco and Josefina Chavez. He grew up in Peralta with his large extended family. He served in the U.S. Army and was honorably discharged in 1965.

He moved to Scottsbluff, Neb., in 1963 and established his own trucking company, later branching into the farm and ranching industries. He retired in 2000 and spent time with family in southwest Colorado and New Mexico.

He is survived by five daughters: Betsy Chavez of Pagosa Springs; Frances Chavez. M.D. of Santa Fe, N.M. and her husband, Luis Soto; Connie Chavez-Courtney and her husband Frank of Golden; Rose Chavez-Sackett Williams of Albuquerque and her husband, Christopher; Rebecca Chavez of Albuquerque; by three sons Ÿ Angel Cristobal (Chris) Chavez of Pagosa Springs and his wife, Marilyn Taylor; David Chavez of Belen, N.M. and his wife, Rhonda Benevides; A. John Chavez of Quemado, N.M. and his wife, Marilyn Read; his ex-wife, Alice Chavez, of Pagosa Springs; daughter in-law Charlotte Keene of Aztec, N.M.; brother Arturo Chavez of Belen, and his wife, Della.; and his sister, Erlinda Zabur of San Francisco, Calif.

He is survived by 14 grandchildren: Trey Gholson, Jason Chavez, Lucas Chavez, Amelia Courtney, Gabriella Courtney, Taylor Jean Courtney, John David Chavez, Jonnacie Chavez, Daniel Chavez, Shayley Chavez, Telesfore Juan Chavez, Selena Chavez, Alice Rose Chavez, Francisco Louis Chavez, and countless other nephews and nieces.

Mr. Chavez was preceded in death by his infant son, Louis Chavez Jr., and his beloved brother, Francisco Chavez Jr., father, mother, and 11 brothers and sisters, in addition to other extended family members. A funeral service was planned today in Grace Fellowship Church in Los Lunas, N.M., where he will be lovingly remembered and his final victory celebrated.

Interment will take place at the Chavez Family Cemetery outside of Peralta, N.M. Those wishing to may send online condolences to betsymariechavez@yahoo.com


Irene Zaday

Irene Zaday, 94, died Friday April 22, 2005, at Pine Ridge Extended Care Center in Pagosa Springs.

Irene was born July 28, 1910, in New Brunswick, N.J., to Joseph and Zsofia Varga, where she was raised with her brother, William. When she was a teen the family moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where Irene met her husband-to-be, Edward Zaday (Zsadanyi), a vaudeville and opera performer and they shared a love for music.

They owned a Hungarian nightclub and raised one son, Richard E. Zaday. In 1950 they moved to Culver City, Calif., where Irene was employed as a secretary for Smith Davis Paint and W.T. Grant's as a sales clerk. Widowed in 1971, she lived in Orange County and Riverside, Calif., where she worked as a sales secretary until retiring. She was a member of Bethany Lutheran Church in Norco, Calif.

She enjoyed helping to raise her grandchildren and great-grandchildren. She lived at Pleasant Care Home in Norco for several years before moving to Pine Ridge in July, 2003, where she enjoyed singing and telling stories and jokes.

She is survived by her son, Dick Zaday, and his wife, Ronnie, of Pagosa Springs; grandchildren Richard and Michele Zaday Jr. of Valencia, Calif., Deborah Mills of Rancho Cucamonga, Calif, Julie and Mark DuBoise and Tiffany and Jason Orton all of Corona, Calif; great-grandchildren Melissa and Adam Zaday, Ashley and Jacob Mills, Tequilla DuBoise; step grandchildren Chris Petri and Tammy Carreno; and step great-grandchildren Jeff, Tommy, Loveeny, Jessica and Nathan.

Irene lived a full and wonderful life and was enjoyed by everyone who knew her.

A private family service was at 1 p.m. Wednesday at Pagosa Funeral Options, 421 Lewis St., followed by a graveside service in Hilltop Cemetery in Pagosa Springs.

The family asks that memorials be made to Alzheimer Association, 701 Camino Del Rio No. 319, Durango, CO 81301.


Frances Lujan

Rosary services for Frances Lujan, 81, who died Tuesday, April 26, 2005, at the Pine Ridge Extended Care Center, are tentatively scheduled 6 p.m. Friday in Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church in Pagosa Springs, with mass 10 a.m. Saturday at IMH.

Burial will be in the Rosa Cemetery at Arboles. Times may be confirmed with Pagosa Springs Funeral Options at 264-2386.

A full obituary will follow next week.


Arline Stiles

Arline Stiles, 72, passed away at home April 26, 2005. Arline is survived by daughters Lori Stiles of Taos, N.M, and Christy Angel of Oregon, and one son, Jeff Stiles, of California. It was Arline's wish that she be cremated with no services. Funeral arrangements are entrusted to Pagosa Springs Funeral Options.

Business News
Chamber News

Three young women picked as Fair Royalty

By Mary Jo Coulehan

SUN Columnist

These past few months I have been lucky enough to work with 14 young ladies vying for the position of 2005-2006 Archuleta County Fair Royalty. On Sunday, April 24 three of these ladies were chosen: Aubrey Farnham, Queen; Keturah Class-Erickson, Princess; and Breanna Voorhis, Junior Princess.

I'm sure once you have met these ladies you will agree with the judges that they will represent Archuleta County well at the fair and at the other community events at which they are scheduled to appear. It has been my pleasure to work with all them; their fun-loving spirits are infectious, their desire inspirational, and their good will and sportsmanship an example.

If you have time to work with any of the youth in Pagosa in some capacity, do so. It's never too late to teach an old dog a few new tricks while trying to teach the young dog some old tricks!

Soup for the Soul

I know that I have been a little lengthy in my recent articles, so hopefully I will give everyone a reprieve this week. There are still some great events happening that you need to plan for, so don't get too excited about nothing to do. Coming to an end is the Hospice of Mercy's week-long event: Soup for the Soul. If you haven't gone out to your favorite restaurant that serves soup, please do so. For every bowl of soup that you purchase until April 30, a portion of the proceeds will be donated by the restaurant to Hospice of Mercy. What a great way to help such a wonderful organization that helps so many and all you have to do is eat. Hospice has been serving Pagosa Springs since 1989 and we are grateful for their services here in our community. Show your support if even just for the next few days.

Community choir concert

It's time again for the community to be treated to another concert by the Pagosa Springs Community Choir and Children's Chorale. The free concerts will be offered 7 p.m. Friday, May 6 and 4 p.m. Sunday, May 8, in the high school auditorium. The Children's Chorale will open the concert, then the Community Choir will perform a varied musical program. This is an event for the whole family, so come on out and enjoy these beautiful voices.

Non-motorized parade

What would we do without our cars today? As gas prices rise, I hear more people talking about riding their bikes and walking to nearby locations.

On Saturday, May 7, the Historic Preservation Board is sponsoring a non-motorized parade in town. Starting on 5th Street, traveling one block northeast to 4th Street, then returning to 5th via the alley parallel to Pagosa Street. All non-motorized vehicles are welcome. Non-motorized means just what it says: NO MOTORS!

Entries must be animal-drawn vehicles, carriages, bicycles or walkers, and you can participate either individually or as a group. The parade starts 11 a.m. and is the first attempt to celebrate our heritage here in Pagosa before the age of motors. For more information on this event or to participate, give Maggie Dix-Caruso a call at 731-3394. Even if you are not participating, don't forget to come and watch. I can't wait to see all the creative entries.

Shake, rattle and roll

Break out the bobby socks and penny loafers and get those fingers nimbled up for a night of blackjack, poker and craps at the Rotary Club's annual Casino Royale. This year's theme is Shake Rattle and Roll and the fun will be Saturday, May 7, at Montezuma's Restaurant.

Casino night offers a fun faux casino environment with proceeds from the event donated back to the community for several important projects. This year the proceeds will be used for the scholarship fund, community grant programs, and a portion will also fund a grant for local law enforcement to be focused on drug prevention. Tickets are $50 each which entitles the bearer to food, fun and starting funny money to play the games with. The party starts 6 p.m. and a good time is always had by all.

Come by the Chamber of Commerce to get your tickets, stop any Rotarian you might know to get your tickets (they usually have a contest to see who can sell the most), or get your tickets at the door. However you get your tickets, just get them and don't miss the fun!

Calling all photographers

Don't forget the Chamber's call for photographers to help us show off what Pagosa has to offer.

We are looking for pictures of area scenery, flora, wildlife, seasonal action and sporting events, or a human interest shot located here in Pagosa.

All photos need to be entered by May 6 and they can be submitted via hard copy, negative, slide, or electronically. We will select 15-20 photos to be used for a Pagosa Springs media sheet and for future advertising use. The winners will receive $100 per photo. You may enter multiple photos and the "all-call" is open to "professional" or "amateur" photographic buffs. For more information about this photo request, give us a call at the Chamber at 264-2360. All hard copy photos will be returned and you may reuse or resell them again. Just remember, we are just trying to show off some of the best of Pagosa.

Alive with music

It has been a great ticket season so far for Music in the Mountains. Although the July 30 concert is sold out, if you are still interested in tickets, do call the Chamber and put your name on a waiting list. You just never know! We also still have tickets available for the July 22 and August 5 concerts which are sure to satisfy your musical taste buds and we are so lucky to get such high caliber performers. Give us a call here at 264-2360 to reserve your spot at the concert.

All performances this year will be held at beautiful BootJack Ranch located at the foot of Wolf Creek Pass. Invite out-of-town friends here for one of those weekends and combined with other activities, show them a really spectacular time.


Only one new member this week, and what a handy one it is! Matt Matzdorf has Matzdorf Real Estate Inspection Services. Matt offers professional home inspection services for your protection when deciding on a home. Their approach is one that involves You in the process by encouraging you to "walk along" with the inspector. Whether buying or selling a home and needing to get it ready, call Matt at 731-9692.

The remaining businesses are renewals and happy are we to have them back. First on the list is the Upper San Juan Health Service District. We also have Pagosa Springs Office Supply back on board. Marcy Mitchell returns with her Internet marketing and web page design business, MTech. Rounding out the renewals list this week is Moore Chiropractic Wellness Center 163 Pagosa St.

Business updates

Just a reminder that JEM Jewelers will be moving to their new digs in the Citizens Bank Plaza at 27B Talisman Dr. They will open Monday, May 2. Watch out for their open house announcements.

Joyce Little of DVD Monster is no longer offering great videos for rent. She has decided to transfer her membership to her new business, YTB Travel & Cruises. She is offering competitive rates with well-known advertised Web sites for plane tickets and hotels, vacation packages and cruises. Give her a call at 731-4995.

Member orientation

Starting Wednesday, May 4, the Chamber of Commerce will host a new member's orientation.

Initially, we will open up the meet, greet and initiate our most recent members, but we would then like to invite renewals along with the new sign-ups. The meetings are very informal with light snacks and beverages served and are designed to orient you to your benefits as a Chamber member, have you meet others in business in Pagosa, have you get to know us here at the Chamber and give us suggestions on how we might help you.

As a member, do you know how you can leverage your advertising dollar? Do you know that you can book the conference room for meetings at no charge? Do you know all the services you can use for a very reasonable charge? New members should have received an invitation to attend May 4 from 5 to about 7 p.m. If you have a burning desire to attend one of the meetings, give us a call and we will add you to the invite list. We're here to help you and your businesses.

That wraps up the Chamber news for this week. Thanks to the Humane Society for again sponsoring a great SunDowner and the chocolate auction. My hips won't forgive you! And don't forget to turn in your Pagosa photos to the Chamber. We want to show off those great shots.

Biz Briefs

No Biz Briefs this week

Biz Beat

Miss Jean's

Jean Lewis has an idea about how Pagosa women want to dress. She calls it "Pagosa practical styles."

With that in mind, she and husband Mike have opened Miss Jean's, a full service ladies' retail store specializing in ladies' casual wear, active wear, jeans, bras and panties, shoes, jewelry and accessories.

Jean is also offering skin care with the clothing for real women with real curves, sizes 2-18, at Pagosa practical prices.

Her shop is at 175 Pagosa St., No. 5, in Aspen Grove Plaza, at the corner of 2nd and Pagosa Streets. Business hours are 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday and 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Saturday and Sunday

Call 264-MISS (6477) or fax 264-6478.

Preview Profile

No Profile this week

Cards of Thanks

'Beauty and the Beast'

An enormous Thank You to all who worked endlessly to produce our own extraordinary "Beauty and the Beast." Especially: Lisa Hartley, Melinda Baum, Kathy Isberg, Michael DeWinter, Donna Clark - you are all fabulous.

And to our performers, who kept working and reaching and rehearsing and never settling for anything but everyone's best; and it showed ... and to all my seniors, my heart will always be with you. And to my own Gaston, "My what a Guy!"

Dale Morris


160 cleaned

Timing was perfect and Saturday gorgeous. Thanks to Ron, Steve and Jay, Mark, Pat and Caroline, Carolee and Lee Ann from Aspen Springs, our section of U.S. 160 is all picked up and clean.

Cindy Gustafson


No Weddings this week



Lorenzo Cardenas and Anjelica Gallegos, with their children Marcos and Alesandro Cardenas, are happy to announce their engagement and forthcoming marriage Oct. 8, 2005.



Mark Weiler and Leslie Ann Tottenhoff are pleased to announce their engagement and plan to marry Jan. 7, 2006, at the Golden Ocala Country Club in Ocala, Fla. The bride-to-be is the daughter of Phyllis Tottenhoff of Miami, Fla. and the groom-to-be is the son of Andrew and Angeline of Mt. Prospect, Ill. Mark Weiler is the president of Parelli Natural Horsemanship in Pagosa Springs.



Charles and Sylvia Pargin celebrate 70th anniversary

An open house will be held April 23 from 12:30- 5:30 p.m. at the Cedar Hill School House, Cedar Hill, N.M., nine miles north of Aztec for Charles and Sylvia Pargin of Cedar Hill and Kevin and Christi Burge, formally of Cedar Hill, now of Brighton, Colo.

The occasion will celebrate 70 years of marriage for Charles and Sylvia Pargin and 25 years for Kevin and Christi - married on Christi's grandparents' 45th wedding anniversary in 1980.

Charles and Sylvia were married in Pagosa Springs, April 21, 1935 - the Pargins being one of Pagosa Country's pioneer families. Everyone is welcome to help celebrate this occasion.



No locals this week

Sports Page

Pirates blank Bayfield 5-0 for seventh league victory

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

You can blank this Pagosa team for just so long before you make them mad.

Bayfield learned that lesson Tuesday when its defense and a less-than-organized Pagosa attack combined for 34 minutes of Pirates being turned back.

During that time, most spent in the Pagosa offensive zone, the Pirates launched 11 shots on goal, Bayfield just one (and it never reached the keeper, stopped by sweeper Kailee Smith).

A Bayfield error opened the floodgates in the 34th minute as a defender was called for a handball in the box. The result, a penalty kick for the Pirates.

Coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason directed sophomore Laurel Reinhardt to take the shot and she drilled it past Wolverine keeper Suzanne Vajdic-Kush for the game's first marker and the first of her hat-trick effort.

Leading up to that score were stops by the Bayfield keeper on shots by Brittany Corcoran, Iris Frye, Reinhardt, Jennifer Hilsabeck, Stephanie Erickson and Emmy Smith.

After the penalty shot score, Pagosa seemed a new team, swarming the net with a series of loops and overlaps moves.

Hilsabeck's drive from the left wing was stopped but Pagosa kept the ball in the attack zone and at 36:50, Corcoran drove a cross from Frye into the nets for Pagosa's second goal.

Just 30 seconds later, on the last shot of the first half, Corcoran was wide left from 15 yards.

With just 2:26 gone in the second half, Bayfield found themselves trailing 3-0 on a Reinhardt goal unassisted on a breakaway right up the middle.

Pirate keeper Erin Gabel got her second save of the game stopping Bayfield's Danielle Bemelen, then the Pirates went into another keep and shoot but fail to score series: Frye (three times), Reinhardt, Lexi Johnson, and Hilsabeck all were blanked.

Perhaps the finest move of the series came on a three-player double loop off a center attacker. Emmy Smith crossed to Frye who led a reverse drop to Reinhardt wide open but her shot sailed over the crossbar.

After another routine stop by Gabel, Hilsabeck and Reinhardt were both stopped.

But Corcoran broke the string at 62:33, taking an over-the-top lead from Emmy Smith to the net for a 4-0 Pagosa advantage.

Kailee Smith again stopped a shot before it got to the Pirate keeper and on the ensuing possession led to Corcoran whose shot was wide left. Ashley Portnell got a shot off another three-player attack featuring passes by Reinhardt and Corcoran but was wide left.

Reinhardt came right back and at 69:62, scored unassisted from 30 yards out on a drive into the upper left corner of the nets.

That was the final marker in a 5-0 Pagosa victory, but not the final highlight.

Brett Garman, working the last 20 minutes in goal for Pagosa, made four saves, giving her eight for the season in two short appearances.

Allison Laverty, another of the group of oncoming Pirate freshmen, was stopped on a bid for goal from the left wing and a rebound chance off a Corcoran header lead.

Lexi Johnson was stopped three times in multi-player efforts in front of the Wolverine net and at the end, Hilsabeck was wide right.

Coach Kurt-Mason was high on the play of the entire squad, noting the overlapping of offensive and defensive midfielder led to at least six goal chances.

The Pirates host Telluride 4 p.m. Friday in Golden Peaks Stadium, then close the Southwest Mountain League season with a 10 a.m. contest Saturday in Center.

Pirates defeat Ridgway; hold league soccer lead

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Pagosa's Lady Pirates put themselves at 6-1 and alone atop Colorado high school soccer's Southwest Mountain League with a 5-0 victory Saturday over Ridgway.

Coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason got two injured starters - Kailee Smith and Emmy Smith - back and both played key defensive roles while hurting, he said.

In fact, Kurt-Mason said, it was the relentless attack of his defense which set up many of the scoring opportunities and which had the visitors to Golden Peaks Stadium unable to organize any kind of momentum.

Five different players scored for Pagosa in the contest - a senior, a junior, two sophomores and a freshman.

There may have been an intimidation factor at work, too, because in one 10-minute stretch, Ridgway never got the ball past midfield.

"Our defense just said 'No!' Kurt-Mason said, and each time a Ridgway drive was turned back the Pirate defenders were overlapping and working with the offense to set up attack patterns.

"We're becoming a team that recognizes offensive patterns," he said, "but we need to do it more. We need to look upfield more, see the open strikers, the breaking wings and work the ball accordingly."

He cited, for example, the way junior Jennifer Hilsabeck and sophomore Iris Frye work together. "They're always looking for the break, the slightest route for a pass, the defender who seems unsure."

Senior Brittany Corcoran had the initial Pirate goal, and as most of hers have been, it came on a breakaway. She also had one assist.

Frye and Hilsabeck also scored a goal each, Frye adding one assist. Freshman Stephanie Erickson had her second goal in as many games and, according to Kurt-Mason, "is beginning to realize the possibilities she has as a wing."

Early in the season Erickson had openings she didn't take because she seemed unsure. "In the last two games," he said, "She has gone to goal."

And last, but surely not least, one cannot overlook the play of sophomore Laurel Reinhardt.

"She can do almost anything you want her to do," said Kurt-Mason. "She surveys the field, she rotates quickly from offense to defense, setting up plays for her teammates."

Reinhardt had one goal and two assists in the Ridgway contest and consistently broke containment to establish team offensive position.

"Her performance was nothing short of amazing," Kurt-Mason said, "and I've seen some pretty good players come through this system."

Always quick with praise where it's due, Kurt-Mason cited the performance of Ridgway keeper Eva Duce, who kept the score from being ridiculous by making 20 saves. "She's an excellent athlete," he said, "but on this day just got no help."

For the Pirates, Erin Gabel played the first 60 minutes in goal and was required to make just six saves. She was relieved by Brett Garman who hauled down four Ridgway shots.

Still missing from the Pirate lineup is Brett's younger sister, Alaina, who suffered a concussion in warmups prior to the April 14 Cortez game. She was viewed as a possible returnee for the two games at this week's end.

"Right now", Kurt Mason said, "I believe we are coming into our own as a team. We've had great individual performances early in the season and now all that potential is melding into as unified group."

Pagosa hosts Telluride, which dealt the Pirates their only league loss, at 4 pm. Friday in Golden Peaks Stadium, and is scheduled to close the regular season in Center Saturday. The game is set for 10 a.m.


Iris Fryes up 4-goal, 2-assist Bobcat feast

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Sometimes in high school soccer you can go years without seeing the hat trick in scoring.

The Pagosa Springs Lady Pirates, after having two such three-goal efforts against Center, came back with two more Thursday in Ignacio.

In fact, one player was better than hat-trick efficient.

Sophomore Iris Frye cooked up her own batch of moves and scored four goals, three unassisted, as she singed Bobcat defenders time and again.

Joining her in the three-goal production, for the second straight game, was junior striker Jennifer Hilsabeck who seems to have a knack of being in the right place at the right time.

The 9-1 Pagosa victory may have been costly, however. With one injured player, Caitlyn Jewell, returning after missing two games and another starter, Alaina Garman, still out from concussion, the Pirates temporarily lost two more starters, both seniors.

Standout sweeper Kailee Smith went down with a tailbone injury and midfield stalwart Emmy Smith came out with pulled neck tendons. Emmy's condition appeared to be the least worrisome of the two.

The Pirates seemed to have some early jitters in this contest, failing to organize the attack, and letting Ignacio capitalize on the wind as a 12th player on the field.

But when they finally got the kinks out, Laurel Reinhardt kept the offense in motion.

After three minutes of chasing down balls over their heads, Reinhardt drilled one on goal that was stopped, but not cleared from the zone by Bobcat keeper Shirelle Gleason. Reinhardt got the loose ball and dropped a cross to Hilsabeck, but Gleason stopped her effort and held on.

The first goal, at 5:02, came on a midfield steal by Brittany Corcoran, a 20-yard advance up the middle and a cornering cross to Hilsabeck for the score.

Forty-five seconds later, Pirate keeper Erin Gabel got a big break when she knocked a Bobcat shot aside at the right corner, but she went down. A rebound shot rolled across the goal mouth, an Ignacio attacker missed the ball and it dribbled past the left post where Stephanie Erickson recovered for Pagosa.

Two more saves by Gabel preceded the second Pirate marker at 9:52, the first of three unassisted breakaway goals by Frye, going to her left foot for the shot.

Diminutive freshman Lexi Johnson stole the Ignacio inbound kick and dropped a long cross to Reinhardt, but her nubbed effort was hauled down by Gleason.

Frye hiked the Pirate lead to 3-0 at 14:39, again on a breakaway, this time driving right at Gleason then, at the last minute, deking left and going right into the upper corner of the net.

On the next Pirate possession, Reinhardt was over the net on a blast from 25 yards, Hilsabeck's shot off the Bobcat outlet pass also was over the top, and Corcoran flying upfield from her stopper spot was wide left on a 15-yarder.

Jamie Lucero, moved from keeper to attacker two games earlier, gave Bobcat fans hope at 30:19, cutting the Pirate margin to 3-1 after beating two defenders on the right wing and drilling it past Gabel.

That was the last hurrah for the host team, as Reinhardt continued organizing the Pagosa offense while being snakebitten on her own scoring attempts. Her header off a corner kick by Corcoran, for example, was slapped back by Gleason and the rebound effort stopped in net.

But, at 36:07, Pagosa went up 4-1 on another unassisted effort by Frye, working off a fake pass to Reinhardt on a circle move which left her defender a step behind and Gleason looking for Reinhardt to fire.

As the half wore down, Erickson's goal effort was over the top and Reinhardt's breakaway wide right.

Gabel's best play of the game came on the opening Ignacio effort of the second half, as she dived to her right to stop Kelsey Lyons' ground-hugger of a drop from Lucero.

From that point on, it was a soccer aficionado's kind of game, with sharp passing by the Pirates, two-and three-player attacks and goals off perfect assists.

Consecutive drives by crossing wings Frye and Johnson working loop attacks first with Erickson and then Reinhardt, showed possession soccer at its best, but no goals.

Then, at 50:32, Frye broke from the right wing to the middle with the ball, cut one step toward the net and fired a cross to Hilsabeck for her second goal. Just over five minutes later, Pagosa was up 6-1 with the same scoring combination, but this time from the opposite side of the field.

Grace Smith's bid to join the Pirate scoring ranks a minute later sailed over the top but the Fry-Johnson combine produced another goal for the sophomore at 57:31.

Johnson took the ball up the right sideline past two defenders, heeled and reversed to Fry in full stride deep in the box and Gleason had no chance.

Reinhardt, at 62:02, finally got a shot to go, ranging uncontested right up the middle and beating Gleason low right, hiking the lead to 8-1 Pagosa.

As Coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason began pulling players from the field on each offensive possession - getting down to eight on attack - the offensive juggernaut seemed not to lose a beat.

Erickson was stopped on a feed from Corcoran, and Reinhardt's 20-yarder was ripped down.

The final score, at 71:31, hiking the Pirate margin to 9-1, went to Erickson, unassisted, scoring off a steal of an outlet pass.

Frye turned in two more outstanding efforts in the final minutes. First, on a give-and-go from Johnson, she dropped it back to the freshman instead of taking the open shot and Johnson missed.

Perhaps the most spectacular effort, however, came on the final offensive effort of the game for Pagosa.

Johnson crossed from the right wing to Reinhardt breaking up the middle. Her looper to Frye for a reverse back kick was perfectly executed by the two sophomores but Frye's bid for five was just over the crossbar.


Scoring: 5:02, P-Hilsabeck, A- Corcoran; 9:52, P-Frye; 14:39, P-Frye; 30:19, I-Lucero; 36:07, P-Frye; 50:32, P-Hilsabeck, A-Frye; 55:40, P-Hilsabeck, A-Frye; 57:31, P-Frye, A-Johnson; 62:02, P-Reinhardt; 71:31, P-Erickson, A-Reinhardt. No penalties. Shots on goal, P-23; I-12. Saves: I-Gleason, 10; P-Gabel, 6.


Pirates stay on track for banner season

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

It is arguably one of the most successful seasons in the recent history of the Pagosa Pirate track team

The girl's team, in particular, continues to excel and brought home yet another first-place finish, taking top honors at Saturday's Demon Invitational at Durango.

The girl's squad topped the field at Durango scoring points with several first-place finishes and a number of second-place performances. There were several school records set during the day.

Senior Emilie Schur was the sole Pirate to post a qualifying time for the state meet. Schur added to two qualifiers in hand already with a second-place finish in the 800-meter run. Her time of 2 minutes, 24 seconds, wrote her a pass to the Pueblo meet on May 20 - a meet where she will also compete in the 1600 and 3200.

First place at Durango went to the 4x100 relay team of Mia Caprioli, Kim Fulmer, Janna Henry and Nikki Kinkead.

The 4x400 team of Fulmer, Liza Kelly, Camille Rand and Jessica Lynch took second place and set a new school record with a time of 4:18.

Henry brought home second place in the 300-meter hurdles with a time of 49:91 and took second in the 100 hurdles in 17:23.

Second place also went to Kelley with a leap of 30 feet, 4 inches, in the triple jump.

Third-place finishes were recorded at Durango by Lindsey Mackey in the long jump (14-7), Bri Scott in the 800 (2:32) and Fulmer in the 400. Fulmer hit the finish line in 1:01.88, a new school record and less than half a second off the state qualifying time.

"As a team, our girls are having the most success of any girls' team I've coached in Pagosa," said Coach Connie O'Donnell.

The boys took third place at Durango, led by three first-place finishes in relays and one top honor in an individual event.

That individual was Jared Kinkead, who beat the field in the 200 with a state qualifying time of 22:92.

The 4x100 relay team of Kinkead, Paul Armijo, Paul Przybylski and Daniel Aupperle posted a time of 4:24 to win the event and qualify for state. In the 4x200 the same lineup won in 1:32 and bested the state qualifying time.

Daren Hockett, Travis Furman, AJ Abeyta and Otis Rand won the 4x800 with a time of 8:37.

Points for second place went to Craig Schutz in discus with a throw of 134 feet; Casey Schutz in triple jump with a leap of 39-6; and Rand in the 800 with a time of 2:04.

In third for the Pirates was Kinkead (11:57 in the 100).

"We had state qualifiers among the boys," said O'Donnell, "and the 4-by-100 and 4-by-200 sprint relays both set school records."

O'Donnell and her charges are now ready for the stretch run as the regular season comes to a close, and the lineups could be set for the remainder of the year.

"Last week," she said, "our sprint relays were changed after runoffs in practice. It's a necessary evil to do the runoffs and compete against your own teammates for a place on the team. Relay members can become bonded and it is hard to break them up, but our coaching staff is always going to do what is best for our team as a whole and right now that is to pick the four fastest runners to represent us. I thought both our girls' and boys' teams were very supportive of each other, no matter who ran the relay. It is that unselfish attitude that will help our team at the end of the season."

Local fans will have their only opportunity of the year to see the Pirates in a home meet as the school hosts the Terry Alley Invitational at Golden Peaks Stadium Saturday.

Field events begin at 9 a.m. Track events start at 10. The meet will continue until approximately 5 p.m.


Girls softball parent session

slated tonight

Parents of 12/10 and under players in the new Pagosa Springs entry into Southwest Colorado ASA action will have an orientation session 6 p.m. today in Pagosa Springs Community Center.

A clinic for all players will be held 2-5 p.m. Saturday in Town Park or, if there is inclement weather, in the Power House gymnasium adjacent to the park.

Pirate split with Bayfield creates tie at top of IML

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Marcus Rivas put Pagosa in position Saturday for a doubleheader sweep of Bayfield with a 390-foot home run to give his team an 8-5 led in the first game's last inning.

But the heroics were not enough as Pagosa squandered the margin, Bayfield rallying for four runs in the bottom of the seventh, aided by two Pirate errors, to win 9-8.

Pagosa charged right back to capture the second contest 16-11 and put themselves in a tie with Bayfield for a 5-1 record atop the Intermountain League with play ending this weekend.

Monte Vista is right behind the two leaders at 4-2 in the league and are the Pirate opponents this week, though game site has not been confirmed.

Bayfield closes out against regional Pine River Valley rival Ignacio.

In Saturday's opener in Bayfield, both teams went quickly in the first. Pagosa got a one-out infield single from Levi Gill but a Josh Hoffman popped to short and Rivas grounded to third and Cody Moore escaped trouble.

With Randy Molnar on the mound for Pagosa, Cody Tinnin flied to center and both Jason Cathcart and Dan Byrd struck out

The Pirates took a short-lived 1-0 lead in the top of the second started with a Karl Hujus single to right. He caught Bayfield napping and stole second before Casey Hart and Travis Marshall struck out. Matt Gallegos drove in the run with a single to left but was cut down at second trying to stretch it.

Moore opened Bayfield's second with a fly to left But Lee Ramsire reached on a Pagosa fielding error and Eric Yarina drew a walk. Jacob Posey singled to right for one run but Clay Rampone fanned. Steve VanAbbama singled to center scoring Yarina but Posey was gunned down at second for the third out, Bayfield leading 2-1.

Pagosa's third was rapid, Jim Guyton bouncing to first, Bahn walking, Gill out on a fly to right and Hoffman striking out.

Bayfield added a third run in the bottom of the inning when Tinnin reached on a bunt and Cathcart bounced to Molnar who threw wild to the bag. Byrd's sacrifice fly drove in Tinnin and Moore singled to left. But Molnar came back to get Ramsire on a pop to the mound and Yarina on a comebacker to the mound.

Rivas opened the Pirate fourth with a single to right and before the dust cleared the Pirates had five runs in and a 6-3 lead.

Hujus got the second of his three consecutive singles to advance Rivas. Casey Hart flied to right and Travis Marshall took a called third strike.

But Gallegos answered the challenge with a single to right scoring Rivas and Hujus. Guyton delivered a double off the fence in right center. Bahn singled to right to score Guyton and moved to third on Gill's single to the same spot. Hoffman's single to center scored the fifth run before Rivas, batting for the second time in the inning, was out on a fly to center.

Bayfield got two back in the bottom of the inning. Posey and Rampone both walked. Van Abbama popped to the mound and Rampone was picked off first. But Tinnin homered into the 30-foot high screen in left for the runs. Cathcart reached on another infield error but Byrd was out on a fly to center.

Hujus opened Pagosa's fifth with his third consecutive single, this one to center but was picked off first. Hart bounced to the pitcher and Hart to second.

Bayfield had a threat in the fifth after Moore reached on an error and Ramsire singled to center. But Molnar got Yarina on an easy fly to center, stuck out Posey, and retired Rampone on a pop to first.

In the sixth, Gallegos flied to center, Guyton fanned but had to be thrown out when the catcher dropped the ball. Bahn apparently singled to right but was called out by the plate umpire for throwing his bat back and hitting the home plate arbiter.

Bayfield went quickly, also, VanAbbama fanning, Tinnin grounding to short and Cathcart out on a fly to center.

With a 6-4 lead in hand, Pagosa came up in the seventh looking for insurance. Gill struck out but reached when Yarina dropped the ball after a swinging third strike. Hoffman popped to the pitcher, but Rivas delivered a long home run to left center giving Pagosa and 8-5 lead before Hujus and Hart both struck out.

Stage set: Bottom of the seventh; last chance for Bayfield. Byrd singled to left and Moore reached on an error in left. Ramsire singled for one run but Yarina flied to center. Posey singled for another run and that was the end of the line for Molnar.

Coach Charlie Gallegos went to lefty Travis Marshall and he induced Garrett Laner, hitting for Rampone, to fly to right. Three runs in and the game tied at 8. Extra inning loomed when VanAbbama grounded one right at Bahn. But it got through him and the winning run had scored.

Moore went the distance for the win, Molnar taking the loss. Pagosa's eight runs came on 11 hits; Bayfield's nine runs on 10 hits.

Game 2

The Pirates, stung by the last minute loss earlier, jumped to a 3-0 lead in the top of the first after Travis Richey led off with a single to right.

He advanced to third when Hujus reached on an error, but was caught in a 7-5-6-5 rundown. Josh Hoffman, pitching the second game, drew a walk and Hart singled to center for one run. Gill doubled to right center, scoring two more before Marshall grounded to first.

Bayfield got one back quickly. After Tinnin popped to first Cathcart homered to left center. Byrd reached on an error but more and Ramsire both flied to right.

The hungry Pirates added two more in the second thanks to Byrd's error on the mound.

He stopped Gallegos bouncer but dropped it and could not make a play. John Hoffman singled to center on an 0-2 pitch and the Pirates had runners on first and third. Richey laid down a perfect sacrifice advancing both runners and Josh Hoffman singled to center to score both before Rivas struck out.

Bayfield's second was a 1-2-3 affair with Yarina and Posey both flying to center and Rampone swinging and missing on an 0-2 change-up curve ball.

Hart opened Pagosa's third with a single to left but Gill, Marshall and Gallegos all fanned.

Van Abbama reached on an error but Tinnin flied to center. Cathcart doubled in the runner. Byrd struck out but Moore singled to center for the second run but was caught in an 8-6-3 rundown.

Pagosa then stretched the lead to 7-4 with John Hoffman keying the uprising with a leadoff triple to right. Richey scored him with an infield single and Hujus brought him around with a double to center.

Clay Rampone was called in relief for Bayfield and got Hoffman on a fly to center. Rivas drew a walk but was out stealing and Hart popped to first to end the inning.

Bayfield came back with one run after Ramsire grounded out. Yarina walked but Posey struck out for the second out. Rampone singled to right and Van Abbama to left before Tinnin fanned to end the inning.

Then Pagosa erupted for the biggest single inning of the day, scoring six on five hits.

It started with a double to left by Gill. Marshall bounced to second, but Gallegos walked and John Hoffman was it by a pitch. Richey had a sacrifice fly to right to score one. Hujus reached on two Bayfield errors. Josh Hoffman delivered a two-run single, followed by consecutive singles by Rivas, Hart and Gill before Marshall bounced back to the pitcher for the third out, Pagosa leading 13-4.

Again, the Wolverines answered with a pair. Cathcart had an infield single and advanced on a balk called against Hoffman. Byrd flied to right but Moore singled for a run. Ramsire singled and Yarina reached on an error by Josh. When Posey singled, Marshall was brought to the mound in relief and got Moore on a pop right back to him.

Pagosa got a double to center by John Hoffman with one out in the sixth, but couldn't advance him. Bayfield, too, failed to score in the inning, despite two more Pagosa errors allowing a pair of base runners.

Pagosa added three in the seventh. After Josh Hoffman was hit by a pitch and Rivas walked Hart flied to left. Gill singled to center for one run and both runners moved up on a throwing error. Marshall struck out but reached on a passed ball, and Guyton, batting for Gallegos, bounced to third and John Hoffman popped to third.

With a 16-6 lead, Pagosa may have felt safe, but Bayfield never quits.

Ramsire led off with a single to left off Marshall and Yarina followed with a single to right. Posey reached on an error, and Rampone singled for two runs.

Gill was brought on in relief and got VanAbbama on a pop to short. Tinnin reached on an error and Cathcart doubled to clear the bases. But Byrd flied to right and Moore to Center and Pagosa had a 16-11 win and a split for the day.

Pagosa's 16 runs came on 16 hits; Bayfield's 11 markers on 14 hits. Josh Hoffman was the winning pitcher, Byrd the loser and the save going to Gill.

Pirates drop twin-bill to Farmington;

face Monte Vista Saturday in Bayfield

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The advantage of having a year-round baseball program was evident when the Farmington Scorpions swept a doubleheader from Pagosa Tuesday under their home field lights.

Scores were 22-11 in the opener and 9-4 in the nightcap.

"It was good for us to play a big school with a very deep program," said Coach Charlie Gallegos. "They threw four pitchers at us who were better than any we'd seen this season."

Still, he said, "had it not been for our errors, partly attributable to not having had a field to practice on all season, the scores would have been closer.

"We had 17 hits in the two games," he noted, "but most came without runners on or in situations where we wanted to protect by not advancing a runner too far."

Casey Hart, playing at second in the first game, had a 4-for-4 night, including a fifth inning home run, and registered five runs batted in.

Left fielder Travis Richey was 3-for-4 in the game and drew a walk. Jakob Reding, who missed the Bayfield doubleheader Saturday, returned to action as the designated hitter and went 3-4 with two runs batted in.

Also contributing to the Pirate attack with singles were Levi Gill, Karl Hujus and Matt Gallegos.

Pagosa took a 1-0 lead in the first but Farmington answered with three off Randy Molnar. Pagosa went quickly in the second, but Farmington padded the lead with five runs on four hits.

The third was Pagosa's big inning, plating nine runs to take a 10-5 lead but Farmington tied it in their half, then added 11 runs in the fourth to put the game out of reach.

Molnar was relieved by Adam Trujillo in the second; Trujillo by Travis Marshall, John Hoffman and Travis Richey, all in the fourth.

The Pirate attack was stifled in the second game, with the visitors getting four runs on only four hits off three Farmington pitchers.

Gill threw the first three-plus innings for Pagosa and Hujus finished in relief.

Farmington got two runs each in the first, second, fourth and sixth innings while the Pirates scored all theirs in the sixth.

That Pagosa rally featured a single by Hoffman, a walk to Hart, a single by Reding, Marcus Rivas hit by a pitch, a fielder's choice by Gill, a walk to Marshall, Hujus hit by a pitch and a walk to Trujillo.

Pagosa committed eight errors in the first game, four in the second.

The Pirates, weather permitting, will play Monte Vista starting 11 a.m. Saturday on a neutral field in Bayfield.

The San Luis Valley Pirates carry a 4-2 Intermountain League mark into the scheduled twin bill. Bayfield, tied with Pagosa at 6-1 in the league, will be playing arch rival Ignacio in Ignacio at the same time.

The league championship and those advancing into post-season action will be determined by the outcome of these two doubleheaders.


Rising Stars plans junior golf program

Rising Stars of Pagosa Springs is introducing a new junior golf program in conjunction with Pagosa Springs Golf Club.

This will be a program strictly for youth, with an emphasis on developing skills - and having fun.

The program will continue June 9-July 18 with children 6-18 welcome. Cost will be $65 per child which includes an end-of-program tournament.

For more information or to sign up, call Jim Amato at 731-4888. An early sign-up discount is available and Rising Stars is seeking parents as volunteer assistants.

Lauren White Golf tournament scholarships go to special needs youth

Former Pagosa Springs residents Cindy, Burly and Chris White wanted to find some way to pay special tribute to their daughter and sister, Lauren, following her tragic death in an automobile accident in 2002.

They also wanted some way of giving back to the community that had captured their hearts with such a remarkable outpouring of generosity and love during their most difficult time.

The family recalled how excited Lauren had been about receiving scholarships for college and felt that might be a good place to start.

With the help of directors of the Charles W. Hughes Foundation, the family found a way to establish the Lauren White Memorial Scholarship.

The idea for a golf tournament to fund it was conceived in spring of 2003.

The Whites thought it would be a great way to raise funds to supplement what had already been donated and to keep the scholarship going. "We love doing it," say the Whites. "The response from the community, and especially the local merchant sponsors, has been fantastic."

This year's four-person scramble tournament is set for a 10 a.m. shotgun start May 14 at Pagosa Springs Golf Club. There will be other contests and giveaways with lunch at the clubhouse.

All are invited to participate at $50 per person. To sign up, call 731-4755 or visit the golf shop. Alan Schutz, general manager of the club, said, "This has become an annual event we all look forward to. We have lots of fun with it. It is sort of a community celebration of just being together and helping out an important cause."

Merchants who want to be sponsors can contact the pro shop.

A special fund is set up at Wells Fargo Bank where people continue to make donations. The funds are also supplemented by the Hughes Foundation as part of its regular scholarship program in service for the last decade.

Each spring, students with special needs can apply for the $3,000 scholarship through the school counselor's office. Applications are reviewed by the Hughes Foundation with the help of school counselors. Recipients are announced during the school's graduation ceremony.

"We were just overwhelmed at how many people, even people we didn't know, reached out to us," the family recalls. "Pagosa Springs is a very special place and we just wanted to give something back. Also, we know how hard Lauren worked to achieve success in school. We think other special needs kids who work hard deserve a chance, too, to further their education. Lauren would have loved it."

Women's golf group will open season Tuesday

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

The Pagosa Women's Golf Association will open its 2005 season Tuesday, May 3.

There will be a coffee at 9 a.m. at the Pagosa Springs Golf Club to welcome all league members and guests, and a round of 18 holes of golf in the Cinco de Mayo format.

Sign up at the golf club for this opening day event.

The Women's Golf Team will resume competition Thursday, May 5, with the first match of the season at Hidden Valley Golf Club in Aztec.

You must have an established handicap and a current GHIN number to participate.

For more information, contact team captain Barbara Sanborn at 731-9774.

Pagosa Springs Recreation

Many reasons to coach and teach

By Myles Gabel

SUN Columnist

Why we coach.

My life as a town employee, a coach, a teacher, a parent, as a person and as a spouse are all intertwined. Today I am an administrator, this afternoon I am a teacher, tonight I am a coach and throughout every day, I am a husband and father. I am the same, morning, noon and night, not different. Part of my life starts where the other ends.

Over the last 30 years the teams I have coached have been part of my life, are my life. My own children have been part of my teams' lives and as they grew older I had the amazing opportunity to coach them. My wife, Maggie, who, as an "old coach" herself ("old" meaning one with valued experience) listens to my problems, listens to my joys, listens to me about work and listens to me about players on my teams because they are all ingrained in who I am as a person.

I started teaching at a very young age. A day doesn't go by that I don't learn something from the young children and athletes who we are entrusted to teach and coach everyday. I just think about who they are and who they will become some day! Every member of my team is of equal importance and is a part of a bigger picture. The idea is to get the smaller parts to understand or buy in to the bigger parts. Everyone should have a role, however small, to feel they are making a contribution to the "team."

We coach because we have a belief that everyone has something good to contribute, some just take a little more time to realize their contributions. Coaching is exciting and challenging because sometimes you get to see that contribution happen right before your eyes or sometimes it takes a while for them to figure it all out. That is why I love the recreation field, that is why I coach and teach - because it is so rewarding to watch young people accomplish goals plus grow and mature in ways you never dreamed they could.

All of us who teach and coach have the opportunity to leave lasting impressions that go beyond a playing season. We have the chance to instill values that will make our athletes better people. Teams win and teams lose. The winning team has a coach who genuinely cares about the athletes on his or her team. A winning team has a coach who knows that every moment with that team has meaning that will last a lifetime.

That is what a coach is - at least this coach!

Baseball sign-ups

Sign-ups for our 6-8 Coach-Pitch, 9-10 Mustang, 11-12 Bronco and 13-14 Pony Baseball leagues began March 21 and have now ended. Our 6-8 Coach-Pitch Pinto teams, 9-10 Mustang, 11-12 Bronco teams and 13-14 Pony teams have been put together and players will be receiving a call from their coach concerning their first practice date.

Adult soccer

Adult soccer is back. Anyone interested in playing coed soccer, please meet at the soccer field adjacent to the football field at Pagosa Springs High School Tuesday, May 3, at 6 p.m. Be suited out and ready to play. For more information, call 264-4151, ext. 232.

Softball manager's meeting

Adult softball is right around the corner. Start putting your teams together for the upcoming adult softball leagues. Men's and coed leagues will be offered in 2005. Leagues begin in early June. Manager's meeting for all softball leagues will take place Thursday, May 12, at 6 p.m. in Town Hall.


Due to the changing weather it is important you call the day of your game to determine whether tee-ball games will be played indoors at the community center or outdoors at Town Park. Call the recreation office or call our Sports Hotline @ 264-6658.

Sports Hotline

Information concerning the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department may be found by calling the Pagosa Springs Sports Hotline at 264-6658 or logging on to townofpagosasprings.com and going to the Parks and Recreation link. All schedules and upcoming events are updated every Monday morning.


The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department continues to seek individuals interested in officiating youth baseball and/or adult softball. High School students may apply. Compensation is $10 - $25 per game depending on age group and experience. Call immediately if interested

For additional information about any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, contact Myles Gabel, recreation supervisor, at 264-4151 Ext. 232.


Pagosa Springs Parks

Park Fun program will open May 31

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

For the past 15 years or so Park Fun program has started on or around June 1, or the first day that we could get into a school-owned facility.

We have budgeted for June and July of each year to have this activity in place for the parents and children of the county.

With the school calendar changing, and no change in our budget, we plan on May 31 as the first day of Park Fun.

Park Fun - for you newcomers - is a program started in the early 1980s by Juanalee Park; it has developed into a day care type program that allows working parents, or parents who want their child to have an outlet from staying home all day.

We swim, fish, hike, have guest speakers, art projects, roller skate, fly kites, and play games in a structured environment.

Cost for the program has been set at $16 per day or $80 a week. Children can be checked in at 8 a.m. and picked up at 5 p.m. weekdays. The children bring their own lunch, swimsuits, water bottle and sunscreen.

Sign-up for the program will be 1-5 p.m. May 25-28, in the Town Hall conference room. Enrollment requires a child's medical history and background information necessary to allow daily drop-off at the program location.

The program will meet weekdays at the junior high school. We would like to thank the school district for its cooperation in allowing us use of facilities.

Clean Up Week

We are in the organizational stages of our annual clean-up week, or in this case our clean-up month.

Clifford Lucero (Archuleta County Solid Waste), Chris Gallegos, Mark Garcia and I have worked out a calendar for Dumpster locations for the town's annual clean up.

The following dates and locations will be free for residents of Pagosa Springs. A free day is set up for county residents at the landfill nine miles South on Trujillo Rd. (County Road 500). No appliances will be picked up. Please take appliances to the landfill on designated date.

- May 14-15, North 6th Street and Loma (1) Dumpster; Waste Management.

- May 14-15, North 2nd Street and Lewis (1) Dumpster.

- May 14 and 18 South 9th St.; G& I Sanitation .

- May 21-22, alley between corner of Zuni and South 5th Street; At Your Disposal .

- May 21-31, Hill Top Cemetery Archuleta County and Town of Pagosa Springs.

- June 4, free dumping at the county landfill site. Household-hazardous waste, (paint, oil, gas, batteries, etc.) will also be taken in on this date.

This is provided free of charge for all county residents.

Waste Management, At Your Disposal and G&I Sanitation have all been contacted to fulfill their individual franchise agreements by supplying Dumpsters to the town at no cost.

With the help of Archuleta County Solid Waste Department and the Town of Pagosa Springs Streets Department, the annual clean-up week has become second only to the Fourth of July celebration, as far as countywide participation is concerned.



The newest WMD?

While local issues regularly inhabit this space, there are times when situations occurring on a larger scale directly impact the resi-dents of Pagosa Country - war, national financial crisis, the like - and must be considered.

So it is with the news concerning Social Security and the administration's attempt to sell the idea of investments in private accounts.

There is no denying Social Security is an important program - in particular to the retired community and those still working, but nearing retirement age. Contrary to the hype from advocates of private accounts, there is little evidence the youngest wage earners among us think en masse about the problem; in fact, there is scant evidence that more than a small number of younger residents pay attention to detailed news, delivered from any source. The issue, however, is important to them and they, too, should educate themselves to the particulars.

It is the particulars that are of interest as the president ends a 60-day junket to promote private accounts.

The problem: Most presidential appearances are before supporters and responses are transparently engineered. Rarely is meaningful criticism of the basic assumptions heard.

One of those assumptions is most interesting, both in terms of its likely falsehood and of where an analysis leads us.

The idea is being sold on the premise that Social Security will be bankrupt in the mid 2040s. Even if this were true, private accounts would not forestall that bankruptcy, but it is likely not true. Social Security is now running with a surplus - more funds coming in than are paid out. That surplus is invested in securities issued by the Treasury Dept. and is put into what is called a "trust fund." There is now $1.5 trillion or so in that fund. As Baby Boomers begin to retire, the trust will be drawn down, going into deficit mode in 10 to 12 years. Some estimate, at that rate, the fund will be exhausted by 2040 or so, with the funds from payroll taxes able to pay out approximately 70 percent of expected benefits.

The question with this shortfall (not "bankruptcy") in mind is whether the transition to private accounts, with immense costs for transition, is the only way to deal with the problem - a very real problem, but not of cataclysmic character.

We currently pay 12.4 percent tax on everything up to $90,000 yearly wage - in most cases split between employee and employer. There is evidence showing increasing that percentage by 1.5 percent could eliminate the shortfall. Doing away with the $90,000 threshold could also eliminate it.

Counter to what many who are about to retire want, the problem could be solved by cutting benefits, indexing benefits to inflation (as they were prior to 1977) rather than to wage increases - finding a compromise use of the indices, applying one to a lower, the other to a higher income group. Raising the retirement age is yet another way to keep insolvency at arm's length.

The flip side: Who trusts the market? Those who profit handling investments express great trust, and youngsters among us who remember only the boom high-tech years think well of the market. Who with marginal knowledge of history can express the same confidence? There are other solutions and the fact they are so stridently rejected or ignored, brings us to another question: Why, with so many alternatives, is one concept pressed so hard?

Could it be an example of what Dr. Cornell West has labeled a "Weapon of Mass Distraction?" Could it be that, despite the reality of the dilemma, it is being exaggerated to keep us from concentrating on problems of greater magnitude - requiring much greater expense to deal with, having a more profound effect than a slight raise in taxes, a change in benefits, alteration of the retirement age?

Oil crisis, anyone? New global economy?

Karl Isberg

Pacing Pagosa

Tracing the statistics of tragedy

By Richard Walter

SUN Columnist

Statistics, they say, are dull and boring - unless you happen to be one of them.

Gasoline prices, for example, are high everywhere, even higher in many cases than in the energy crisis of the 1970s.

But before you all start carping about how high they are in Pagosa Springs take a drive through the area and you'll find local prices right in line with most and lower than some.

Strangely, the highest prices I've seen in the last two weeks of prep sports coverage were in South Fork - $2.59.9 per gallon for premium - and in Aztec where, surprisingly, the cost was exactly the same.

But aside from the fact the oil-producing nations are charging more for crude, why are prices so high now?

Some reasons can be found in a new statistical study by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration's Center for Statistics and Analysis.

That examination shows Americans had 235.4 million registered vehicles on the road last year, up over 2 percent from the 230.7 million in 2003. Those vehicles traveled 2.92 million miles, compared to the 2003 total of 2.89 million.

More fuel is being burned, lessening supply available per driver, increasing import need, and thus the cost of delivery to consumers rising proportionately to amount of miles traveled.

The nation's population is forecast when projected figures are finalized, to be at 2.96-plus million for 2004, an increase from 290.8 million in 2003. More people, more vehicles, more miles traveled, more fuel used and cost rises.

The same study puts the focus on numbers of crashes, fatal crashes, fatals by type of vehicle, by number related to alcohol, and by role of the deceased in the accident.

Dry stuff? Yep, but listen up and see where we may be headed.

There were 6.17 million non fatal crashes with injuries in 2004, compared to 6.28 million in 2003. There were 42,800 traffic fatalities in 2004, compared to 42,603 in 2003.

Motorcycle fatalities increased for the seventh consecutive year from 5,511 to 5,927.

Fatal crashes in 2003 in which the driver was a victim totaled 23,258; in 2004, 23,273. The same crashes claimed 10,108 passengers in 2003; 10,072 in 2004.

What kinds of vehicles were involved in fatal crashes? Everything. Passenger cars crashes claimed 19,460 lives in 2003, 28,987 last year. Light trucks 12,444 in 2003, 12,519 in 2004; vans, 2,066 in 2003, 2,032 in 2004; SUVs, 4,446 in 2003, 4,666 in 2004; pickups, 5,904 and 5,787; other passenger vehicles, 28 and 33; heavy trucks, 723 and 768.

Alcohol related fatalities totaled 17,013 in 2003 and 16,654 in 2004. In those accidents, drivers with a blood alcohol content of .08 or higher totaled 9,442 in 2003, 9,201 in 2004, with 14,630 deaths in 2003 and 14,504 in 2004.

Fatal crashes involving drivers age 16-20 claimed 7,353 lives in 2003, 7,405 in 2004 with 538,000 others injured in 2003, 506,000 in 2004.

Growth and carelessness seem inexorably linked by statistics - to the need for more vehicle fuel and through its use, to tragedy.



90 years ago

Taken from The Pagosa Springs SUN files of Apr. 30, 1915

Last week E.R. Chambers sold 500 steers to Denver Latham and 100 steers to Lynn Crawford. The sale amounted to about $23,000 and makes one of the biggest cattle deals that has been pulled off in this county for several years. These cattle are generally known as the Chambers cattle, but in which Hatcher and Catchpole are interested.

That moving mountain at what is known as the Twin Bridges up the river is again causing trouble for the highway running around its base, a considerable slide having come down this week, temporarily blocking the road.

The front of the big Hatcher Merc. Co.'s store is being remodeled.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 2, 1930

The gravel surfacing of the Pagosa-Sunetha highway is proceeding at a rapid rate, as is also the work of clearing the right-of-way for the new road and gravel surfacing between Devil Creek and Dyke. Both projects are being rushed to completion by Contractor Grant Shields. He has also ordered an additional rock crusher to be used in gravel surgacing Pagosa and San Juan streets in Pagosa Springs. The necessary grading has been done on east Pagosa Street and the laying of gravel will commence upon receipt of the crusher, when another crew will be employed.

Mrs. Phillip R. Johnson departed this morning on her four months journey to Europe, where she will visit her old home in Czechoslovakia

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Apr. 29, 1955

The Town Board has had the drain ditch in the park filled over after placing a drain there. It has certainly improved the appearance of that end of the park 100 percent. The school is hauling some dirt in to level the ball field and will plant grass there this spring. It shouldn't be long until the park will present a handsome appearance to visitors.

While doing some remodeling in the office space at Herschs' a box of old electrotypes was discovered and Mrs. Marguerite Wiley donated them to The SUN. These electrotypes were used in early days to make illustrations in newspaper ads. Since the advent of plastics some seven or eight years ago, a newspaper seldom uses this type of cut.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 1, 1980

A grand opening is scheduled for Friday and Saturday at the new River Center at the east edge of the town. There will be a free color TV given as a door prize and the business houses in the new shopping center will be having special bargains and displays for the grand opening.

The Pagosa Springs High School Music Department competed in the Fine Arts Festival in Durango last week and brought home several Class I ratings for groups and individuals. The business classes also brought home awards from a contest.

The Lions Club is again conducting a contest to see who can guess the closest to the time that the San Juan River reaches its highest point during the spring runoff.


Brick Oven Brewing Company

brings brewpub concept to Pagosa

By Erin K. Quirk

Staff Writer

There are a few things in life that just go better together. Oreos would be lonely without milk; so would Tom without Jerry or movies without popcorn.

But don't forget the greatest combination of all: Pizza and beer.

Brick Oven Brewing Company, Pagosa's a local brewpub and brick oven pizzeria, is currently working its way through Pagosa's public process. The building's design came before the Pagosa Springs Planning Commission Tuesday night. Nationally and internationally recognized brewer Tony Simmons, who has lived in Pagosa Springs for eight years, is the man behind the brewpub which will be built along U.S. 160 next to the San Juan Motel, the current home to the San Juan RV Park.

"Pagosa is one of the only mountain towns in Colorado that doesn't have a brewpub," Simmons said, adding "we really need good restaurants downtown."

In order to appeal to families, locals, beer lovers and kids alike, Simmons said, nothing on the menu at Brick Oven Brewing Company will be more than $10 and the restaurant will be non-smoking. He plans to serve his own handcrafted beers to adults and homemade root beer for kids and families. He hopes Brick Oven Brewing Company will become a place for locals to gather and a real "community-based business."

Simmons is a professional brewer with a background in business and marketing. He began home brewing beer as a hobby about 11 years ago and soon after won his first of two scholarships to professional brewing school. Last fall, he was selected as one of the top 15 brewers in the United States to attend a "slow foods" conference in Turin, Italy. The craft of brewing beer is thousands of years old and is considered, like bread making, the work of artisans. Last year his mead, which is a type of wine made of honey and grapes, was named the best in the country out of 144 competitors.

"I think when you do your passion in life, things just work out well," he said.

Simmons studied several brewpub models before settling on the plan for Brick Oven Brewing Company. He said a similar pizza pub in Salida, in business for 10 years, is now so successful it is offering less-mainstream beers like strong ales. Simmons said their customers "are going crazy over them." The brewery/pub concept makes sense to Simmons because it's all about serving fresh beer in a comfortable, "homey" atmosphere.

"The fresher the beer you get, the better it's going to be. When you're in the brew pub you are in the delivery room," he said, adding that breweries are the only restaurants in the state of Colorado allowed to sell beer to go. Therefore customers will be able to pick up a fresh pizza and fresh beer to enjoy at home.

He admits he still has to come up with a good pizza recipe and a staff that is flexible enough to work several different parts of the restaurant.

"I need to learn to make a good pie," he said.

The property at 191 East Pagosa Street was recently subdivided into three lots and is currently being vacated by a mobile home park. A new road, set perpendicular to U.S. 160, will service the restaurant and an easement for hike and bike access to Reservoir Hill has been granted to the town.

Jeff Hester, of Shady Grove Construction, purchased the lot on the newly subdivided land and will build Brick Oven Brewing Company for Simmons. The building will feature stone walls and wide plank siding in what Hester calls an "old mill look." Adjacent to Brick Oven Brewing Company, Hester plans a second building that at this early stage may be a family entertainment complex. He hopes to start construction on that phase later this year.

The Brick Oven Brewing Company building will include a 1,500 square-foot patio, a bar and open kitchen and all the beer will be made on the premises. The restaurant will feature brick oven pizzas, panini sandwiches, pastas, soups and salads and, of course, fresh draft beer.

"It's going to be cool, a really nice addition to the restaurant scene," Hester said. "If we didn't do it, somebody was going to do it soon."

Simmons began looking for a place in Pagosa Springs for his own brewery about eight years ago. His passion for the craft has him constantly developing new beers, which he plans to feature in the restaurant. In all, Simmons said there are 113 styles of beer. He said people have been brewing beer for thousands of years, but only with invention of microscopes did people discover that it was yeast consuming sugar that makes alcohol.

He said the English and the Belgians are as famous for their craft brewing as Americans are famous for easy-to-drink light lagers. However, he said a recent study showed that small batch, craft brewings have the fastest growth in the alcohol industry. The Brick Oven Brewing Company will showcase Simmons' talents with a focus on ales, but with a few ambers, hoppy beers, dark beers and Lagers tossed in as well.

If the permitting process goes as planned, the team expects to break ground in June and open for business sometime after November.

Yard sale to benefit local cancer victim

All proceeds from a yard sale will be donated to help Rachel Howe with her medical expenses for cancer treatments. Your donations of items to sell and even your time to help would be very much appreciated and will go toward a good cause.

If you would like to help, call 731-0998 to find out more.

Of course, you can always stop by the sale and search for that special bargain to call your own too!

The sale will be held 8 a.m. Saturday, May 14, at the storage buildings at 412 Bastille Drive (grey and white buildings visible from U.S. 160,1/4 mile west of Hogs Breath).


'Soup for the Soul' adds seven

local restaurants

Seven Pagosa Springs restaurants are donating a portion of sales of soup this week to benefit Soup for the Soul.

Dionigi's, the Hog's Breath, Isabel's, JJ's Upstream, Pagosa Baking Company, Unfortunate Sausage and Victoria's Parlor all are supporting this fund-raiser to benefit Hospice of Mercy.

Last Thursday, Kim Brown of JJ's and Russ Apodaca of Victoria's served nearly 100 bowls of soup at the senior center to kick off the event.

More than 49 restaurants throughout the San Juan Basin are participating in the week-long program. Each is promoting Hospice of Mercy's loving care of persons with end-of-life support. Hospice is a service of the Mercy Hospital system, and consistently operates at a loss as do many non-profits.

This is the first Soup for the Soul event, patterned after successful programs on the Front Range. Hospice of Mercy is very appreciative of the support given them in this community.

For more information on Soup for the Soul or Hospice of mercy, call Rev. Don Straight at 731-3427.

Pagosa's Past

The Buffalo Soldiers were a key part of Pagosa's history

By John M. Motter

PREVIEW Columnist

During frontier times, western Indians referred to black cavalry and infantry troops as Buffalo Soldiers. No one really knows why for sure. Maybe the black, wooly hair reminded Indians of the hair on a buffalo's head.

What the Indians learned for sure was that Buffalo Soldiers could fight. Only in recent years has the general American public learned that black soldiers played a huge role in winning the West. For 24 years elements of the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry regiments fought throughout the west. They campaigned along the Rio Grande border with Mexico, on the Great Plains, in New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado and in the Dakotas.

Their work was not limited to fighting. According to William H. Leckie, "Many a frontier post arose as a result of their labors, preparing the foundations for future cities." In 1967 Leckie published "The Buffalo Soldiers," a narrative of the Negro Cavalry in the West. I think the book is still in print.

Leckie wrote, "Scouting detachments stripped the mystery from little-known areas, located water, wood, and grass, and paved the way for eager settlers. Many a frontier official owed his life and job to the support given him by these black men in blue, and many more farmers and ranchers slept soundly in their beds because a thin line of Negro troopers guarded them from harm."

We're talking about Buffalo Soldiers because a company of buffalo soldiers, Company D, Ninth Cavalry, was stationed at Fort Lewis in Pagosa Springs during the winter of 1878. It might be of interest to our readers to learn what the Buffalo Soldiers were all about. I'm using Leckie as a source because his book was one of the first to draw attention to the importance of black soldiers in winning the west. Leckie's book was published in 1967 by the University of Oklahoma Press at Norman, Oklahoma. For those who want to investigate the subject more intensely, much more has been written. Leckie's book is a little weak in describing Buffalo Soldier activity in Colorado and completely neglects to report the Ninth Cavalry presence in Pagosa Springs.

Early in 1866 - the Civil War had just ended - Gen. U.S. Grant telegraphed Gen. Philip Sheridan, commanding the Division of the Gulf, and Gen. William T. Sherman, commanding the Military Division of the Missouri (the West) to organize a regiment of Negro cavalry in their respective divisions. The new regiments were designated the Ninth and Tenth United States Cavalry. Grant recommended two officers with brilliant Civil war records to command them - Col. Edward Hatch of Iowa and Col. Benjamin Grierson of Illinois.

Hatch had a greater bearing on Pagosa Country history because he was given command of the Ninth Cavalry. He also later served as commander of the Department of New Mexico and visited Pagosa Springs during negotiations involving creation of the Southern Ute Reservation.

Hatch, a blonde, blue-eyed native of Maine, had gone early to sea and then engaged in the lumber business in Pennsylvania. In 1855, he moved to Iowa and was residing there when the war came. He received appointment as captain in the Second Iowa Calvary in August 1861 and in less than a year was a colonel. He took part in Grierson's famous raid of 1863, received citations for gallantry and meritorious service at the battles of Franklin and Nashville, and closed out the war as a brevet major general of volunteers. Able, decisive, ambitious, and personable, he received Grant's unqualified endorsement to lead the Ninth Cavalry.

Hatch established headquarters first at Greenville, La. From the beginning, both leaders experienced difficulty in obtaining officers. There were no Negro officers at the time and most of the white officers refused to serve because they believed Negroes would not make good soldiers. The dashing "boy general," George A. Custer, refused a lieutenant colonelcy in the Ninth, wrangling the same rank with the newly formed Seventh Cavalry - a decision that probably was a break for the Ninth.

Soldier enlistment was brisk because few opportunities were available for young black men at the time, even for $13 a month.

More next week on how Company D, Ninth Cavalry, ended up in Pagosa Springs.


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More rain in forecast; Sunday storm sent rivers to peak flow

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Had enough yet?

Wet weather, that is.

If not, you're riding in duck's luck.

After a week in which Pagosa Country got more than 110 times the amount of rain it had in the previous month, National Weather Service forecasters see more of the same as the common thread for the next several days.

Precipitation locally totaled 1.26 inches in the past week with the bulk - 1.13 inches - falling Sunday and Monday (.11 inch).

The highest temperature recorded locally in the past week was the 64.8 reading Saturday. Highest wind read in the same time-frame was 21 mph Saturday.

The warmer temperatures and heavy rains are the key elements for a river watch and all of Archuleta and La Plata counties are labeled "danger" areas with flash flood watches - but not warnings - during periods of heavy rainfall.

With area waterways already at or over banks in many locations, additional precipitation, particularly on top of the high country snowpacks, could mean danger of heavier than normal runoff down the road.

Heavy rains have already resulted in some unusually high peak flow marks on area streams, with the Piedra River north of Navajo Lake hitting 3,990 cubic feet per second at midday Sunday. By Wednesday the flow had dropped to 2,120 cfs.

The San Juan, at the Carracas monitoring station, hit a peak flow of 3,560 cfs early Sunday. Mean flow for that date in 42 years of record keeping is 1,206 cfs. Data is not available in downtown Pagosa Springs where installation of a new monitor is pending.

But, water has been seen flowing up into the park areas north of the Hot Springs Boulevard Bridge, and overlapping at least two of the riverside pools at The Springs.

By 10 a.m. Wednesday, the flow was down to 1,960 cfs

On the other two major waterways in the county, the Blanco and Navajo Rivers, flow rates were lower than the San Juan but still higher than average for the date.

Peak flow on the Blanco - 470 cfs Monday - was 120 above norm for the date. By Wednesday morning it was down to 247 cfs. The Navajo high flow came midday Sunday with a reading below Oso Diversion Dam of 320 cfs; normal for date is 270. By Wednesday it was down to 35.4

Snowtel measurements in the mountains above the San Juan drainage still are way above normal. Wolf Creek summit snow depth was reported at 114 inches Wednesday, 129 percent of average for the date.

Water equivalency of snowpack at the Snowtel sites with runoff to the San Juan stood Wednesday at 125 to 158 percent of average, depending on slope facing direction.

All that seems to give indication of heavy runoff still to come.

Forecasters give some chance for the area to avoid bad weather but don't count on it.

Today is expected to present a 30 percent chance for rain and snow showers under mostly cloudy skies with a high temperature of 57. Winds will be gusting up to 40 mph.

The chance of precipitation rises to 50 percent tonight with snow likely, winds continuing and a low of 31.

Friday's outlook reads like a carbon copy but with high and low temperatures four to six degrees cooler, but the chance of precipitation dropping to 20 percent.

Ditto Saturday and Saturday night with partly cloudy skies, a high of 56 and a low of 33.

Sunday's forecast does not carry the words "rain" or "snow" but includes mostly cloudy and a high around 58 and a low of 28.

For Monday, forecasters stay with mostly cloudy, a high of 62 and a low of 30 - but no mention of precipitation.

Rain returns for the Tuesday watch, with a 40-percent chance under mostly cloudy skies and a high of 64.

With chances of more moisture falling riding in the 30-40 percent range, it can be expected some regional areas will be pelted and others will stay comparatively dry.

A good example of the pattern came Tuesday afternoon when heavy rain and hail fell from Yellow Jacket Pass to Aspen Springs but little precipitation hit the ground either side of that band.

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