October 28, 2004 

Front Page

Gas firm asks 20% increase

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Kinder Morgan customers in the Pagosa Springs-Bayfield service area will pay an estimated 20 percent more for natural gas in the service period Nov. 1, 2004 through Oct. 31, 2005.

The utility announced Friday it had filed its annual Gas Cost Adjustment (GCA) with the Colorado Public Utilities Commission, a filing reflecting an expected increase in projected market costs for natural gas.

"The GCA mechanism ensures that our customers are paying the same as what it costs us to purchase natural gas on their behalf," said Dan Watson, president of Kinder Morgan's retail division. "The price of natural gas on the open market has increased significantly since our last filing in 2003 and that trend is expected to continue into next year."

Specifically, if you want the base figures, the local service area rate will be $0.74562 per one 100 cubic feet (CCF), an increase of approximately 20 percent compared to the CGA filed in 2003.

Based on annual usage of 1,000 CCF, that means the typical household in this service area will now pay $746 instead of $662 for their annual natural gas service.

As a result of the increase, customers who typically use 182 CCF in January (when bills are usually the highest) will pay $22.44 more for the natural gas portion of their bill in 2005 compared to January of 2004.

The new rates, if approved, will take effect Nov. 1 and will be reflected in the following bill cycle.

To help stabilize natural gas costs for customers, Kinder Morgan utilizes a gas purchase plan that involves buying a significant portion of winter supplies of natural gas within minimum and maximum price limits.

An important component of this plan includes utilizing storage to allow higher summer purchase volumes at seasonally lower prices for use in coming winter months. This helps protect customers from fluctuations in natural gas prices on the open market.

For the 2004-05 heating season, about 70 percent of the annual gas supply purchased under the company's plan is price-stabilized using these tools. In addition, the company recommends a number of options that can help customers keep their energy costs in check, including:

- budget billing to stabilize bills;

- setting thermostats back, especially at night or when away (each degree represents a 2-3 percent savings on heating bills);

- installing weather stripping;

- closing doors to rooms not being used; and

- inspecting the heating system to ensure it's operating efficiently.

Eligible Kinder Morgan customers may apply for assistance through various state and federally funded initiatives like Low-Income Energy Assistance Program (LEAP), which is administered in Colorado by the state's Department of Human Services and Energy Outreach Colorado.

The firm's retail division serves as the natural gas utility for approximately 240,000 residential, commercial, agricultural and industrial customers in Nebraska, Colorado and Wyoming.


LPEA absorbs 13.8%hike; sets Yule credit

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

You'll find Santa's at many locations when Christmas comes.

It may be only Halloween weekend, but the holiday elves of La Plata Electric Association have taken an early step to make this Yule season happy for energy customers.

Let's open the big package first and then look at the other gaily wrapped gifts.

The utility's board of directors voted Oct. 20 to hold rates at current levels - despite sizeable increases in wholesale power costs being levied against the firm by its distributor, Tri-State Generation and Transmission.

Because of what he called a "better financial position than planned," Emery Maez, LPEA's chief executive officer, said "our staff have determined we can operate through 2005 with current rates."

But that isn't all.

Neatly packaged with that bit of good news for consumers is another economical tidbit for the collective power users' wallets.

The board of directors also voted not to collect approximately $3 million from its customers in December by reducing bills for that month by approximately 40 percent.

All this largesse is based on positive financial conditions within the electric cooperative, including its subsidiaries, FastTrack Communications, Inc., and Western Energy Services of Durango.

Maez noted the company's supplier had announced in August that it would be increasing wholesale rates by 13.8 percent effective Jan. 1. At that time, LPEA officials vowed they would not pass on the whole increase, saying a probable scenario would be an increase in the 5-6 percent range.

Maez said the firm has found "we will finish the year financially stronger than we predicted. Our area is growing and usage is up across the board, from residential to industrial consumers. We knew in mid-summer that we were having a good year, but we didn't know until last month just how good our condition will be."

In addition to higher than forecast sales, he said, company expenses are lower than forecast. "Our employees have done a great job of identifying and implementing cost savings," he added.

LPEA members received Patronage Capital refunds totaling $2 million in August. These refunds were in proportion to each member's contribution to LPEA margins for specific years.

The December credits will simply reduce every user's bill by 40 percent, regardless of usage. That will raise the total returned to LPEA member consumers to $5 million for 2004.

Had an increase of this magnitude (the 13.8 percent wholesale hike) happened three years ago LPEA's David Waller said, "we might well have been forced to pass almost all of it along. But our current financial position makes that action unnecessary."

Maez said LPEA's financial projections indicate that rates may be sustainable at existing levels for several years if current loads continue and other factors remain constant.

Davin Montoya, board president, said "We'll be keeping our fingers crossed that weather stays moderate and that there are no major changes in the region's economy for the next few years."

And, he added, "We'll be monitoring trends on a monthly basis and will try to keep rates stable as long as we can."

M.M. Shafer, Tri-State's executive vice president and general manager, had said while announcing the price hike in August that "raising rates is one of the toughest calls we have to make around here because we know the impact will be felt throughout our membership and on to the consumer at the end of the line. But at this point we don't have any other choice."

He said the system is growing by about 100 megawatts a year and right now, baseload, coal-fired power plants are fully committed.

"That means that in order to meet the increase in demand, we're out of the market buying power significantly more expensive because it's being generated primarily at natural gas-fired facilities - a fuel that has increasingly become more costly."

That aside, LPEA is looking more and more like a collective Santa for its members with the decisions announced last week.

It is probable there will be no chunk of coal in their corporate Christmas stockings.


Mineral County board approves Village at Wolf Creek

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Billionaire Texas real estate developer Red McCombs and right-hand man Bob Honts got what they wanted this week.

During a marathon session Tuesday that began at 9:30 a.m. and ended well after dark, Mineral County commissioners unanimously approved a resolution granting approval of the final plat for The Village at Wolf Creek.

"It was a long day," said Les Cahill, Mineral County administrator, indicating the 37-page resolution was read aloud for two hours prior to its discussion, motion to adopt, and eventual approval.

According to Cahill, green lights for a development plan and related planned unit development zoning, or "PUD" zoning, for the village were also given within the resolution approved this week.

However, Tuesday's approval apparently does not mean village developers can begin immediate construction of the village.

"We still have to take up what's called 'the application for development of a new phase' on Monday, Nov. 1," said Cahill.

"Then, if that's approved, they have a certain amount of time to put up a letter of credit," he added.

"They can't really do anything until the first phase is approved," Cahill concluded.

If it is built to maximum capacity, The Village at Wolf Creek will occupy roughly 290 acres of private land in the Alberta Park area, entirely within Mineral County and adjacent to Wolf Creek Ski Area.

The resulting community would include a maximum of 1,200 hotel rooms, 222,000 square feet of commercial space, 129 lots for single-family usage and 1,643 multifamily units.

The proposed site for the village was acquired in 1986 as the result of a controversial land swap between the Forest Service and Leavell Properties Inc., a corporation headed by McCombs and the late Charles Leavell.

Originally, the proposal was rejected by the Forest Service, but the decision to deny the trade was eventually overturned roughly two weeks later under what village opponents contend were questionable circumstances, at best.

As a result, in exchange for roughly 1,600 acres in Saguache County owned by Leavell Properties Inc., the Forest Service agreed to trade the acreage in question to McCombs and Leavell "provided the development would complement the existing Wolf Creek Ski Area."

After sitting on McCombs' back burner for over a decade, plans for development of the village took a large stride forward in August 2000 &emdash; when a conditional resolution granting preliminary plat approval for the development was unanimously approved by Mineral County commissioners.

Honts, a real estate developer from Austin, Texas, joined the Leavell-McCombs initiative in 1998 and is now chief executive officer and president of The Village at Wolf Creek Development Corporation.

According to Honts, construction of the village could start next June, with a grand opening slated for Thanksgiving of 2006 or 2007.


Early, absentee vote tops the

2,300 mark

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

John Kerry or George W. Bush? Pete Coors or Ken Salazar? Nan Rowe or Robin Schiro?

Archuleta County voters who are unsure which candidates and ballot questions will get their support when they step to the polls Nov. 2 to participate in this year's general election have five days to decide.

County voters who have already made up their minds, however, are taking a "why wait?" attitude with them to the county courthouse on a regular basis.

According to June Madrid, county clerk, voter traffic in the courthouse has been steady since polls opened for early voting Oct. 18.

"So far, we've had 1,756 absentee ballots and 548 early voters," Madrid said Tuesday. "And we're staying busy; we've had a constant line again all morning."

In addition, Madrid said her office had received 12 provisional ballots &emdash; ballots given to voters who, for various reasons, don't show up on precinct polling lists or don't provide identification.

Such ballots aren't counted toward vote totals, said Madrid, until after voter registration has been verified, usually after the election.

So how do this year's early-voting rates compare to those of past elections?

"For a general election, I'd say the numbers are about right, but we've already had more votes than we had in this year's primary election," said Madrid.

Turnout among county voters for this year's Aug. 10 primary was somewhat flat, amounting to roughly 21 percent.

The early numbers for this year's general election are more encouraging, said Madrid, but whether or not they indicate a trend toward increased participation among county voters remains to be seen.

For instance, Madrid indicated last-minute voter registration among county residents this year was about average.

"We had around 100 additional people register, but no mass registration or anything above the usual.

"You can guess, but you can never really predict what's going to happen from year to year," added Madrid, indicating strong early-voting totals can indeed offer a prelude to higher participation overall.

Of course, sometimes the numbers suggest the opposite.

"And they can also tell you that these people may be the only ones who are going to vote," said Madrid.

This year, said Madrid, election officials are optimistic.

"We've ordered plenty of ballots, and we're hoping for a 60- to 65-percent voter turnout," said Madrid.

"Surely we can get that," Madrid concluded.

"People just need to get out there and vote."




 Inside The Sun

Pagosa resident killed in Monday morning crash

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

A Pagosa Springs man drowned Monday after his pickup crashed into a pond next to U.S. 160 near the bottom of Yellowjacket Pass.

Colorado State Patrol Trooper Ben Stuever said Thomas Hayes, 58, was killed in a single-vehicle accident sometime between 3:30 and 6:45 a.m.

The accident was reported by a woman taking her children to the bus stop who saw part of a Toyota Tundra sticking out of the pond.

The cause of the accident is unknown, but it's suspected Hayes, who was returning to Pagosa Springs from Durango, fell asleep. He was not wearing a seatbelt and the airbags did not deploy.

Stuever said Hayes was probably traveling over the speed limit when the pickup left the road. Alcohol is not suspected.

After turning sideways, the pickup landed in the pond on its wheels. Damage to the vehicle was concentrated on the front end and one side.

Archuleta County Coroner Carl Macht said an autopsy was preformed Tuesday. Cold-water drowning was determined to be the cause of death. Still, Macht said, looking at the damage to the vehicle, wearing a seatbelt might have given the man a chance at survival.


Precinct poll hours set for Kids Voting

By Windsor Chacey

Special to The SUN

All students who are registered to vote through Kids Voting program in Archuleta County are encouraged to take their parents/guardians with them to vote Tuesday, Nov. 2.

The students will vote on their own ballots in specially designated booths in the precincts while the adults are voting.

All polling places are open to registered adults 7 a.m.-7 p.m.

Kids Voting volunteers will staff the Kids Voting polls during the following hours to assist the students:

- Precincts 1, 2, 3, 6, 7 and 8 open 7-8 a.m.; 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; and 3:30-7 p.m.

- Precinct 4, Arboles, open 4-7 p.m.

- Precinct 5, Aspen Springs, open 7-8 a.m. and 4-7 p.m.

Those students whose parents used absentee or early voting can vote at the county clerk's office in the courthouse, at their precincts, or notify their classroom teacher to get a ballot with proper verification.

The Kids Voting Program improves students' knowledge of the voting process, encourages family discussion on community issues and helps to increase adult voter turnout.


PAWS decision on Chris Mountain plans expected next month

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

A mass extension of water and wastewater lines that will effectively complete Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District service to Chris Mountain Village will be formally considered by the district board of directors next month.

The request for the extensions will be submitted to the board by National Recreational Properties, a California-based real estate firm that began negotiations to purchase over 80 lots in Chris Mountain this summer.

Carrie Campbell, district general manager, told the board Tuesday those purchases were recently finalized, and that a request in writing from National Recreational is forthcoming.

All of the lots in question are within established district service boundaries.

The board first learned of the potential extensions during its Aug. 24 meeting, when Robbie Pepper, speaking on behalf of National Recreational, told directors the firm would be willing to facilitate the extension process in any way possible.

In response, Campbell suggested the board direct staff to verify ownership of each lot in Chris Mountain and plan to budget the amount needed to perform the potential extensions, which is estimated at around $800,000.

In addition, Campbell suggested National Recreational pay a significant amount of tap fees up front to cover costs associated with the extensions.

Campbell reiterated that notion during this week's board meeting.

"This is rather unique situation, because typically we get extension requests one at a time," said Campbell.

"In this case, we're considering a large number simultaneously, so I'm recommending they pay the fees up front," she concluded.

If National Recreational's request is approved, after construction and installation of the new lines are completed, the costs will be finalized, adjusted accordingly and divided among all owners of lots served, whether or not they requested service.

Any lot within 100 feet of the new lines would be affected, but those lot owners would not be required pay anything up front.

Instead, lot owners who did not request the extensions would be given the option to pay the assessments over a 24-month period, at 1-percent interest.

Stevens Reservoir

During an update on plans to enlarge Stevens Reservoir, Gene Tautges, assistant general manager for the district, told directors pilot water studies at Stevens will continue for about another week.

The studies involve the temporary use of on-site miniature water plants that monitor water quality in Stevens, and will help the district determine which type of water plant and related treatment chemicals will best suit Stevens after reconstruction is completed.

"The aim is to get the best technology for the best dollar," said Tautges.

"And the results are probably better than we anticipated," he concluded. "It is going really well."

Other business

In other business this week, the board:

- scheduled a regular meeting to include a budgeting work session for Nov. 9, 5:30 p.m;

- scheduled a special meeting for a public hearing and presentation of the 2005 district budget for Nov. 16, 6:30 p.m.;

- approved a resolution authorizing submittal of delinquent district accounts to the county treasurer;

- approved a motion to submit a draft raw-water agreement to Pagosa Springs Valley Golf Club, LLC for consideration.

For updates and more information on district operations and projects, visit www.pawsd.org.

Lake levels

According to the latest readings provided by Tautges, district reservoirs were at the following levels early this week:

- Lake Hatcher - 23 inches below spillway

- Stevens Reservoir - 11 inches below spillway

- Lake Pagosa - 30 inches below spillway

- Lake Forest - 18 inches below spillway

- Village Lake - 25 inches below spillway.


Fire department is not conducting a local fund drive

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

There is no public solicitation underway to raise funds for Pagosa Fire Protection District.

Authorities made that crystal clear Monday after they received a telephone call from a concerned resident who had received a request for "a donation to aid our firefighters."

The resident contacted district headquarters for confirmation before making a commitment.

The department is a tax-supported governmental entity and could not conduct such a drive.

Fire officials ask that anyone receiving such a request, by mail, telephone, e-mail or in any other form, report it to police immediately, if in town, or to the sheriff's office if the solicitation is made to a resident living outside town limits.


Salazar visits area one last time before election

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Colorado's small towns, its familial incentives for success, and the chance to enjoy unfettered the riches of its vast opportunity.

Those are the basic elements of the John Salazar campaign for Congress relayed by the candidate to a group of Democratic faithful Sunday evening in the Extension building.

Salazar and his wife Mary Lou, campaigning together for one of the few times during the campaign, said "these are the true riches of our state."

The candidate for the 3rd District Congressional seat being vacated by Scott McInnis said he has been subjected to smear tactics in the ongoing political advertisement wars but added:

"The Salazars have always stood up for what is right, even if we had to stand alone."

His wife, thanking the crowd for attending on short notice, explained her earlier absences on the campaign trail: "Someone had to stay home and pick the potatoes."

Salazar, admitting his wife is the brains and guiding light in the family farm's success, added, "She has put up with all the political attacks and keeps by my side."

Moving on to the issues, Salazar said Coloradans, like the rest of the nation, "are worried about paying their bills, having a good retirement plan, Social Security being there for them and, of course, the future of our nation."

Toward the latter worry, Salazar said his opponent has totally misconstrued his positions on the military and that his positions have been taken out of context with reference to both tuition assistance and foreign nationals who serve in our armed forces.

Asked his reaction to the Village at Wolf Creek proposal, the candidate said he was not totally familiar with it but "on the surface I'd say there needs to be more local input ... full impact regionwide should be studied before approval."

Seeking the congressional seat, he said, "is not about being a bureaucrat, wielding political power or living in Washington. It's about someone who understands and will stand up for the feelings of people of Colorado and vote for what's best for the constituents.

"We're talking," he said, "about opportunity in the business place, about jobs, health care, the economy, the environment - generally the down-home values which Coloradans embrace.

"This race," he said, "offers an opportunity for voters in Colorado to be a balance of power, a balance based on sound, ethical positions and understandable compromise."

And, he concluded, "we need to protect our water resources and make sure the uses are carefully controlled at the source."


Ski area will open Friday

Wolf Creek Ski Area will open the 2004-05 ski season Friday. As of Oct. 26, 23 inches of snow had fallen on the slopes.

Conditions are now considered to be good for early season, with a 19-inch base at the summit and 17 inches midway.

Snow showers have been forecast for the remainder of the week.

Most major trails will be open on the right side of the mountain; conditions are powder and packed powder with early season obstacles. More terrain will open as soon as conditions warrant. Nova, Dickey, Bonanza chairlifts will be operational at opening.


Walcher makes last-minute stop in Pagosa

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Greg Walcher wasn't born here, but the Republican candidate for Colorado's 3rd District Congressional seat can trace his lineage to Archuleta County.

During an afternoon campaign stop Tuesday at Hogs Breath Restaurant, Walcher told roughly 30 local supporters his ties to Pagosa Country are not merely political.

"My grandparents were married in Pagosa Springs, so I have a very deep sense of roots here," said Walcher. "This place will always be important to me and my family."

The intrinsic values, culture and heritage of Pagosa and similar areas across southwest Colorado, said Walcher, "should never be taken for granted - people spend thousands of dollars to see them each year, yet we are fortunate to get them every day.

"We should consider them an absolute blessing," said Walcher - a blessing he asserts is threatened by the ideals of his opponent for the 3rd District seat, Democrat John Salazar.

Using the issue of water storage as a specific example, "The amount of money coming into my opponent's campaign from interests outside of this district is unreal," said Walcher.

Citing hundreds of thousands of dollars to Salazar's campaign from environmentalist groups such as the League of Conservation Voters and Sierra Club, "These are the types of people against any form of water storage whatsoever," said Walcher.

"And their beliefs," said Walcher, "threaten not only grazing, livestock operations and irrigation, but the general way of life in this district."

Due to the early amount of "outside money" going into Salazar's campaign, said Walcher, "We came out of the primary election already 15 points behind and with no money in the bank.

"But the good news," he added, "is that we're neck and neck now because people are starting to focus on this race, and they're not going to be fooled, anymore."

With respect to national issues, such as the U.S. economy, Walcher said he believes "the Bush tax cuts are just now starting to refuel the economy ... what we don't need are people like my opponent and John Kerry, who will continue to vote for higher middle-class taxes."

In response to a question from an audience member concerning recent ads labeling him a "water grabber," Walcher, a supporter of Referendum A, stated the ads "are the weirdest things" he's ever seen.

"I've spent my life fighting to protect West Slope water," said Walcher, indicating "water raids from Denver," California's interest in Colorado River water and "the greatest threat of all - more control of water by the federal government" are key notions he has opposed.

In closing, "I have a history and friendships here that (Salazar) doesn't have," concluded Walcher. "These are things you can't buy.

"I really do feel a sense of roots here, this place is in my heart and I care a lot about this community."


Genelle Macht celebrates 90 years, four generations

Jean and John Taylor hosted a pioneer stock, fourth-generation party Saturday, Oct. 2, for Genelle Macht's 90th birthday.

Four generations of Colorado families, including Genelle Macht, Jean Macht Taylor, Rebecca Jean Taylor Guilliams and J.D. Guilliams were in attendance with other family and friends.

A festive affair, dinner, flowers, balloons and a special cake were enjoyed by all.


The Heat is On! for Halloween

The Colorado State Patrol and 51 police and sheriff's departments with Law Enforcement Assistance Fund grants will step up DUI enforcement this holiday weekend.

"Halloween means parties where adults may drink more alcohol than usual and then get behind the wheel," said Tom Norton, Colorado Department of Transportation executive director.

"The Heat is On! campaign," he added, "wants to warn motorists about the stepped up enforcement and keep those parties off the road. The campaign also urges all drivers to watch for more pedestrians on side streets, especially children wearing costumes that may difficult to see."

The Halloween DUI enforcement period will last 57 hours starting 6 p.m. Friday and ending 3 a.m. Monday, Nov. 1.

"Over this holiday weekend we ask motorists to celebrate responsibly and to designate a sober driver if their plans include alcohol," said Col. Mark Trostel, state patrol chief.

"The CSP," he said, "hopes that drivers will always choose designated drivers, alternative transportation and watch out for friends and family who should not be driving. However, our job will never be done until all motorists choose not to drive impaired and respect the safety of the public on our highways."

Locally, the Pagosa Springs Police Department and Archuleta County Sheriff's Office will conduct a sobriety checkpoint this weekend. The state patrol will be doing similar enforcement statewide, and will assist local agencies as needed.


Nov. 6 deadline set for Marine Corps birthday reservations

Marines of the Pagosa Springs area will celebrate the 229th Birthday of the Corps with a dinner and cake-cutting ceremony Nov. 12 at Montezuma Restaurant.

Marines (active and former), Navy medical personnel and families and friends of Marines have been invited to attend.

Reservations are required and must be placed by Nov. 6. To make reservations or for more information, call Robert Dobbins at 731-2482, Moe Mollender at 731-2279, Don MacNamee at 731-0306 or Sepp Ramsperger at 731-4824.


Four business burglaries are believed linked

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Four local businesses were hit by burglars sometime during the night Oct. 21 or in the early morning hours Oct. 22.

According to Pagosa Springs Police reports, someone broke into Ramon's on Talisman Drive, the Mud Shaver car wash near downtown, Dorothy's Restaurant and the San Juan Motel, apparently searching for cash.

The thieves got away with both cash and coin at the car wash. A donation can was taken from Dorothy's Restaurant and a wall safe from the San Juan Motel. A burglary alarm at Ramon's apparently frightened the criminals away before they took anything there.

The crimes remain under investigation. Police Chief Donnie Volger said all are thought to be connected.

Anyone with information regarding these crimes is asked to call dispatch, 264-2131, immediately.


Statewide ballot issues warrant your study, vote

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

In case you thought the high profile presidential, senatorial and congressional races were the only serious issues on the Nov. 2 ballot, you're wrong.

You should know there are also six statewide ballot issues, including four proposed Constitutional Amendments and judicial retention issues.

Here is a look at what these proposals ask and a synopsis of the pros and cons presented for each.

Amendment 34:

Construction liability

With some exceptions, it would, if approved:

- prohibit limits, including limiting damages for pain and suffering to $250,000, on a property owner's ability to recover damages when improvements to said property are not constructed in a "good and workmanlike manner"; and

- define improvement constructed in a "good and workmanlike" manner as an improvement that is suitable for its intended purposes.

The proposal would create a new section in the state Constitution, repealing the current law, and removing limitations on the amount of money a property owner can collect in damages, except for punitive damages and in lawsuits against governmental entities.

It also would eliminate the current requirement that property owner and construction professional try to resolve the problem before resorting to lawsuit.

The state Blue Book, prepared by the Legislative Council of the Colorado General Assembly, said arguments for the proposal include ensuring property owners they can be fully compensated for faulty construction, thus changing a system that favors construction professionals at the expense of the property owners.

The council said the argument against it is that it could drive up the cost of housing and that an increase in the number of lawsuits and resulting awards could make insurance costs prohibitive. Foes also argue existing law carries sufficient process for settlement of such disputes without turning to courts in a way fair to both sides.

Amendment 35:

Tobacco tax increase for health-related purposes

The proposed change to the state Constitution has a six-point format.

It would:

- increase the tax on a pack of cigarettes from 20 cents to 84 cents, or 320 percent;

- double the tax on tobacco products other than cigarettes from 20 percent to 40 percent of the price;

- specify that the new tax revenue be used for health care services and tobacco education and cessation programs;

- require the Legislature to maintain funding levels for existing health-related programs as of Jan. 1, 2005 and to use the new revenue to expand these programs;

- exclude the new tax revenue from state revenue and spending limits and local government revenue limits; and

- allow the Legislature, by a two-thirds vote, to declare a state of fiscal emergency and to use all of the new revenue only for health related purposes for up to one budget year at a time.

Right now Colorado has the lowest cigarette tax in the nation at 20 cents per pack. The national average is 98 cents. Non-cigarette tobacco products are taxed in the state at 20 percent of the retail cost.

In the current budget year, the state will spend an estimated $3 billion to provide health care to low-income individuals, 4.3 million for programs on the dangers of tobacco use, and $141.2 million for a variety of prevention programs.

Collection of the new tobacco tax revenues would begin Jan. 1 and would be expected to raise an additional $175 million annually, with $169.8 million going to targeted health care programs and $5.2 million to be spent on state and local government health- related programs of their choosing.

Arguments presented for the increase include:

- the fact tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in Colorado, killing 4,200 each year and that health care costs in the state related to smoking alone top more than $1 billion annually;

- Colorado ranks last nationally in level of tobacco tax and that an increase will deter many from becoming addicted to tobacco products;

- the proposal will not decrease revenue to state and local governments; it ensures local governments will receive funds to make up for any revenue loss due to lower tobacco sales.

Arguments against the tax increase have included:

- the proposal puts a tax increase into the state constitution thereby increasing the size and cost of government;

- the proposed tax increase may cause additional hardship for low-income families in the state, noting those living in poverty are 48 percent more likely to smoke than are non-poverty families; and

- the proposal allocates $28 million in badly needed state revenue to tobacco education programs which may not be needed in future use if tobacco use continues to decline. Foes note tobacco use in Colorado has dropped much quicker than the 2 percent annual rate nationally.

Amendment 36:

Selection of Presidential Electors

This proposal would have a three-pronged purpose:

1) eliminate the current system in which the presidential candidate receiving the most votes gets all the state's nine electoral votes;

2) allocate Colorado's electoral votes based on the percentage of votes for each presidential candidate; and

3) make the change effective for the November 2004 presidential election.

The Council-cited arguments for the proposed change include:

- making the state's electoral vote more accurately reflect the statewide vote, arguing, for example, the state's electoral votes should represent all candidates with wide support, not just the one who gets as few as one more vote than another;

- the proposal may motivate more people to vote because the votes of more Coloradans will be represented in the electoral system; and that it may encourage minor party candidates to focus more on Colorado issues in hopes of winning an electoral vote;

- there can be no delay in the election of a president because of the change in that the U.S. Constitution requires that the electoral college meet and cast votes in December following a presidential election, that timing unaffected by the vote on this measure.

Arguments cited against the measure include:

- Colorado would likely become the least influential state in presidential elections because the current nine electoral votes would almost always be split 5-4;

- by making it easier for minor-party candidates to win electoral votes here, the proposal could lead to a situation where no candidate wins a majority of the electoral vote nationally; and

- because the proposal attempts to be retroactive, it may be subject to legal challenge on the issue of timing, which could delay a final decision in Colorado on who wins the presidency in 2004.

Amendment 37:

Renewable Energy Requirement

This proposed Amendment to Colorado Revised Statutes has a five-part mandate:

1) requires certain Colorado utilities to generate or purchase a portion of their electric power from renewable energy resources beginning in 2004;

2) defines the renewable energy resources that may be used to meet the requirement;

3) limits the amount that an average residential electric bill can increase as a result of the requirement to 50 cents per month;

4) provides financial incentives to certain customers and utilities to invest in renewable energy; and

5) allows a utility to hold an election to either exempt or include itself in the renewable energy requirement.

The proposal would require the Colorado utilities (60 now generate electricity using primarily coal and natural gas) with 40,000 or more customers, to generate or purchase a percentage of their electricity from renewable sources on this schedule: 3 percent from 2007 through 2010; 6 percent from 2011, through 2104; and 10 percent by 2015 or thereafter.

Of the electricity generated each year from renewable sources, at least 4 percent would be required to come from solar technologies.

Initially, nine Colorado utilities serving 80 percent of the state's electrical customers, would be required to comply.

Utilities would be allowed to use a variety of renewal energy sources to meet the requirement; their customers could earn a rebate for installing solar electric generation equipment on their property; tradeable renewable energy credits would allow utilities not generating the required amount of electricity from renewable sources to purchase "credits" from those exceeding the requirement; and affected utilities could hold elections to exempt themselves with at least 25 percent of the utility's customers voting on the issue, with a majority required for passage.

The Public Utilities Commission would be required to adopt rules to implement the proposal; to monitor and enforce compliance of those utilities required to meet the renewable energy requirements.

The Legislative Council lists four arguments for and four against the proposal.


1) Using renewable energy makes economic sense because conventional fuels are finite while renewable energy sources are unlimited; coal and natural gas supplies will diminish and become more expensive;

2) Electricity generated from renewable sources has less harmful environmental impacts than electricity generated from conventional fuels meaning cleaner air and water, more efficient use of water and less damage to the landscape;

3) Using a variety of resources to meet the state's increasing energy needs will improve the stability and security of Colorado's energy supply.

4) Renewable energy facilities, typically located in rural areas, boost rural economies; new jobs would be created in Colorado; farmers and ranchers would be able to tap into a new source of income by using agricultural waste to generate electricity and by leasing their land for wind facilities; and new facilities would provide tax revenues allowing local entities to pay for such services as schools and hospitals.


1) Electricity generated from renewable resources is often more expensive than electricity generated from conventional fuels. Colorado utilities will be required to generate from renewable sources regardless of cost.

2) Consumers may pay more for electricity under this proposal because utilities will pass additional costs on to consumers; while the proposal caps residential costs of such power generation, it does not cap costs for business, industrial, government or wholesale consumers.

3) Colorado requires a continual and reliable means of energy production and a certain amount of electricity available at all times and a certain amount in reserve. Renewable sources are intermittent and may not be available when needed.

4) Use of renewable resources should be a choice, not a mandate and Colorado utilities already are using such resources when they are cost-effective; and most already have programs giving customers the option to purchase all or a share of their electricity from renewable sources.

Referendum A:

State Personnel System

This proposal would amend the Colorado Constitution by:

- exempting about 140 additional state employees from the civil service system, also known as the state personnel system;

- changing testing and hiring procedures for filling vacancies in the state personnel system; transferring certain oversight responsibilities from the personnel board to the executive director of the Department of Personnel and Administration;

- allowing the Legislature to change certain state personnel policies and procedures by law; and

- expanding veterans' hiring preference to include members of the National Guard.

There are currently about 31,000 employees in the state personnel system, most in 19 state departments and some in higher education. About 29,000 additional state employes are exempt from the personnel system, including department heads, university faculties, legislative employees, the governor's office and state courts. This proposal would exempt an additional 140 senior state officers and support staff.

The Legislative Council said the constitution needs to be updated to allow the state's workforce to keep pace with the work environment of the 21st Century and that the system has not been changed significantly in 85 years; that taxpayer money should be used to hire the best candidate for a job; that the proposal will allow the governor's office to select individuals who share the governor's values to carry out the administration policies; and that the state will expend taxpayer money more wisely if it can hire well-qualified employees and improve use of service contracts resulting in an efficient personnel system that provides high quality services.

Arguments against the proposal include:

- it gives governors and their appointees too much power to control state government and the governor-appointed executive director of Personnel and Administration will have policy-making authority that the State Personnel Board has traditionally overseen;

- comparing applicant qualifications, rather than testing, could be manipulated to allow state employees to be hired on their political connections and not merit.

- more contracting with private companies could shift jobs out of Colorado to other states and countries; and

- the proposal could result in more political appointees and having them in management positions might not lead to better government.

Referendum B:

Obsolete Constitutional Provisions

This proposed amendment to the Colorado Constitution would:

- remove provisions that are obsolete;

- strike references to one-time events that have already occurred; and

- remove voting requirements found unconstitutional by the Colorado Supreme Court in 1972.

Arguments for the proposal include it being part of an effort to update the constitution by deleting unconstitutional and outdate language which can be confusing, misleading and clutter the document.

Arguments against the proposal include the belief all provisions of the constitution have historical significance and removing them may diminish the historical character of the constitution and make research of constitutional provisions and state law more difficult.

Judicial retention

The ballot will ask voters if they wish to retain on the bench the six members of the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Judicial District in which Archuleta County lies, as well as the two District Court judges now serving.

The State Commission on Judicial Performance has recommended the retention of Appeals Court Judges James S. Casebolt, Dennis A. Graham, Arthur P. Roy, Daniel Mark Taubman and Jon R. Webb; and District Court Judges Gregory G. Lyman and Jefferey Raymond Wilson.

No dissenting statements were made with reference to any of those listed.


Boy Scouts set Oct. 29 Court of Honor rite

Boy Scouts set Oct. 29 Court of Honor rite

Troop 807 Boy Scouts of Pagosa Springs is inviting the public to its 7 p.m. Court of Honor Friday.

The rite honoring advancement of members of the troop will be in Community United Methodist Church on Lewis Street.


Eighth-graders renew breakfast

salute to veterans

The Veteran's Day Breakfast, which has become one of Pagosa's new traditions, will be celebrated 7:30-10:30 a.m. Nov. 11 in the community center.

The annual event is hosted by members of the eighth-grade class at Pagosa Springs Junior High School.

It was started as a means of linking youth of today with veterans of past military conflicts and has become a place where the younger generation and the veterans sit unabashedly together, learning about each other in a community setting.

All veterans of all wars are invited and there is no charge.


Seminar on preventing skiing, snowboarding injuries slated tonight

Mercy Medical Center will host a free preseason ski and snowboarding seminar 6-8 p.m. today.

Topics will focus on preventing and reducing the risks of common skiing and snowboarding injuries. Speakers will include orthopedic surgeons Kim Furry, Richard Lawton and Li Chen, as well as representatives from Integrated Physical Therapy and Durango Mountain Resort's Ski Patrol.

The seminar will be in room A on the fourth floor at Mercy's main campus. Please call 382-1667 with questions.




Brookshier, Nobles named to land alliance board

By Bruce Andersen

Special to The SUN

With open space becoming a daily topic of discussion around town, two prominent Pagosans, Jan Brookshier and Bill Nobles, have joined the board of directors of the Southwest Land Alliance, the Pagosa area land trust.

The SLA works with interested landowners to help protect open space, wildlife habitat and family ranching.

Jan Brookshier and husband Ken moved to Pagosa in 1987, having wanted to live in Colorado many years. Jan taught English for 14 years in Kansas before shifting into banking here in Pagosa. She has been a serious photographer for nearly 20 years and loves the outdoors, especially hiking, camping, and of course, making images.

Brookshier has been concerned about the quality of "progress" that has occurred in Archuleta County, especially when she sees ranches morphing into subdivisions. She hopes to help educate the community about the possibilities of preserving open space and ensuring that future generations can enjoy the wildlife and this beautiful landscape that drew her here 17 years ago.

Nobles, our local CSU Extension agent, brings tremendous knowledge and a lifelong interest in the land and the area to his new role on the board. As a land alliance director, Nobles will help landowners understand the opportunities, benefits and options open to them as they plan for the future of their land and their families.

Nobles is a longtime resident of Pagosa with a long portfolio of community involvement. He is also an outdoorsman, educator, auctioneer, musician and actor, occasionally portraying his alter-ego, Elvis Presley. Nobles and wife Cindy have two teen-age sons.

The Southwest Land Alliance first came together in 1981 under a different name when several local ranchers and interested citizens decided it was important to have a local land trust to assist landowners who wanted to protect their land for future generations.

Conservation easements provide the legal basis for this protection and the resulting tax benefits.

To date, Southwest Land Alliance has helped protect over 12,000 acres of private and public land in parcels ranging from 11 acres to over 2,000 acres. And, more landowners are contacting SLA for assistance each year.

Brookshier and Nobles join Bruce Andersen, Linda Newberry, Dennis Schutz, Penny Holmes, Mike Reid and Alan Farrow on the SLA board.

There is one remaining vacancy, so interested people should contact the land alliance at 264-7779. People interested in getting involved as a member, financial contributor or volunteer are also urged to contact SLA.


Field trip set to proposed First Fork burn project area

The Pagosa Ranger District is hosting a field trip Wednesday, Nov. 3, to look at a proposed prescribed burn project in the Piedra Area.

The site is up the First Fork Road approximately 20 miles west of Pagosa Springs. Interested participants should meet at 9:30 a.m. at the intersection of U.S. 160 and the First Fork Road.

RSVPs are requested in case the field trip needs to be cancelled due to inclement weather. RSVP to Rick Jewell at 264-1509 by Monday, Nov. 1, if you wish to attend.

Though not officially Wilderness, the area does carry a congressional designation which requires that it be managed to preserve its wilderness characteristics.

The District is proposing to prescribe burn portions of the area to reduce fuel loadings and reestablish a more natural role for fire. Due to the steep terrain throughout much of the area, the ignition would occur from the air.

Ponderosa pine forests dominate approximately 14,350 acres across the Piedra Area, as both pure pine stands and as the dominant overstory species in some conifer stands, and are being considered for burning at this time.

Some aspen and mixed-conifer stands may also be considered for burning if they are adjacent to pine-dominated areas. The exact areas and actual number of acres to be treated will be determined during the upcoming environmental analysis process.

If approved, the burn would be scheduled for late 2005 or 2006.


Case against 36

Dear Editor:

Amendment 36 proponents have offered many specious arguments for its adoption.

The purpose of this letter is to offer what I think are the most important reasons for defeating this proposal to add Section 13, "Popular proportional selection of presidential electors" to Article VII of the Colorado constitution.

The Electoral College doesn't need reforming. It does exactly what it was created to do. Our nation is a federal union of states. Each state determines its choice for president by popular vote. All eligible electors are empowered to vote. Those voting for the losing candidates aren't disenfranchised; and their votes do count. They just didn't get enough to win. Each state should make one choice, not multiple choices.

Distribution of Electoral College votes is heavily weighted to favor the more populated states. There is not, and should not be, a requirement that the presidential ticket getting the majority of popular votes nationwide gets the majority of Electoral College votes.

Since the amendment would require a minimum of only 38.89 percent of the popular vote to receive four electoral votes, and 61.12 percent to receive six, the allocation is likely to always be five and four to Republican and Democratic party tickets, regardless of how hard the candidates work for our votes. Would they work very hard to get five when they could get four without doing anything? Third party candidates aren't likely to get the necessary 5.56 percent of the popular vote to qualify for one electoral vote.

Amendment 36 is fraught with features that are complicated, confusing, ambiguous and likely to lead to litigation over the allocation of electors in every election. It should not become a part of Colorado's constitution.

I urge all voters who are considering voting in favor of the proposed Amendment 36 to read the full text before voting.

Earle A. Beasley


Correct perspective

Dear Editor:

I am responding to an advertisement paid for by Citizens for Change on Page 24, The PREVIEW. The advertisement's heading states: "Think It Over, Then You Decide, our Jobs and Economy."

I have thought it over and it took only a second to do so. The statements have a liberal slant and should be addressed in a different perspective. I will group the first three statements together: Statement 1, "Lost Jobs - A first for any president in more than 70 years." Statement 2: "Full-timers settle for part-time work." Statement 3: "Manufacturing workers are hit the hardest."

A correct perspective: President Bush inherited a recession that began in the Clinton administration; the Sept. 11 attack cost the economy nearly one million jobs; the corporate scandals that were exposed on Bush's watch started and festered during the Clinton administration, affecting both workers and investors.

The three events were beyond the control of the President of the United States. It is not too difficult for a reasonably thinking person to figure out why unemployment WAS, but no longer is, as high as it was.

Statement 4: "Denying overtime to more workers." Liberals always pick on the employers. Common sense tells us that when employers' profits are threatened or reduced, employees most likely will be laid off. A correct perspective: When employers have to cut costs in order to stay competitive by having to accommodate more overtime for employees, expect some layoffs.

Statement 5: "Tax cuts fail to spur economy." One would have had to be living on another planet not to see that what sparked the growth of the economy was President Bush's tax cut. Again, a reasonably thinking person can not deny that a reduction in taxes including the child tax credit, the marriage tax credit, etc., has put money into the pockets of the American people giving them the opportunity to decide how to spend their own money. The liberals would have the American people believe the liberals know best. A correct perspective: The tax cuts jump-started the economy; it hasn't slowed down, and the projections are that the economy will continue to grow.

Statement 6: "Recovery helps corporate profits first." That's socialist thinking.

Statement 7: "Record deficit makes us dependent." The same old message was carped by the liberals during the Reagan administration. A correct perspective: Revenue from a growing economy will reduce the deficit. It always seems to work.

The advertisement's final statement: "The most important decision of our lifetime." That statement is correct. If the American people want to fight terrorism on the terrorists' turf and not on ours, and if we want a continued growing economy, a pro-life agenda, and a president who supports marriage between one man and one woman, then the answer is a very clear and simple one. Re-elect President Bush who has a proven history of leadership, both as a governor of Texas and as president of the United States.

Ray Baker


A vote for 34

Dear Editor:

The flood tide of TV ads that has grown since we became so lucky as to be a battleground state has made a travesty of the election process. I have to wonder what we are saying to the younger generations of this country by our acceptance of the blatant lapses in accuracy, integrity and honesty.

One monument to misinformation is the campaign to "vote no" on Initiative 34. There seems to be two avenues of attack. The first is a concern about a lawyer in Denver described as "a suing machine" who has gotten rich at the expense of innocent home builders.

In the recent past the home builder's organization plus some suppliers and a lesser number of craft unions put on a well financed campaign with the state Legislature to place major restrictions on damages that could be awarded when a builder was sued by a home owner for shoddy construction. This was signed into law by the governor in the last year or two. Initiative 34 would remove these limitations.

What is not being acknowledged by the opponents of 34 is the way the lawyer made a lot of money was in actions against several large national homebuilders who came into the Denver Metro area and built multi dwelling subdivisions in areas that the builders knew had serious expansive soil problems. The results were disastrous and the home owners who had purchased the homes were compensated by the courts and juries for the disruptions of their lives.

At least the home builder's resentment about the fees earned by the lawyer is a little more honest then the pandering to the fears of home owners that they (home owners) could somehow be sued.

I spent 50-plus years associated with the construction industry, first as an engineer designing architectural metals then as a subcontractor and contractor and in later years as an attorney representing the construction industry in labor negotiations with skill craft unions and litigating construction problems.

Sure home owners can be sued. If they employ a contractor to build a house, and the contractor builds it to the owner's plans and specifications and the uniform building code and then the home owner refuses to pay the agreed contract amount, then the home owner may well be sued.

In the same circumstances a home builder who delivers good workmanship, with quality materials and built to meet the uniform building code has his right to be paid for his work protected by lien rights. The home builder is not going to be sued by a lawyer on a whim or who does not have a client who has in some way been damaged by shoddy construction on the part of the home builder.

The home owning public and certainly those who contemplate building a new home for themselves should look carefully at Initiative 34 before voting no.

We should be given legal citations for any case where a homeowner has been sued for shoddy construction by the home builder.

Glenn Bergmann


Pro-life choice

Dear Editor:

Being a "true believer" pro-lifer certainly has a benefit when sorting out all of the many campaign issues. Everything else pales by comparison.

Even when one considers that we have lost almost 1,100 of America's finest, so far, as well as 20,000 Iraqis, many of whom were certainly innocent, that amounts to the monthly (probably closer to weekly) total of American unborn babies who are killed, all of whom are most certainly innocent.

Only 14 U.S. senators could not bring themselves to even vote to outlaw partial birth abortions. Thirty-some senators who were Democrats voted to at least outlaw this most barbarous practice; but not John Kerry or John Edwards. That makes my decision on whom to vote for president very easy.

John Kerry has made it very clear that he would have a litmus test for any judicial appointees. They cannot be against abortion, The National Right to Life Committee refers to Kerry/Edwards as the "abortion dream team," and feels this presidential race presents the clearest, most stark choice that we "pro-lifers" have ever had.

If President Bush had vetoed the partial birth abortion ban instead of gladly signing it, we would not be able to vote for him, either, even though he is a professing "born again" Christian, as I am.

Miquel Estrada was an imminently qualified judge, even recognized as such by the ABA. He is an American immigrant success story if there ever was one and is a tremendous role model for all Americans. There was only one real reason why he was denied an up and down vote by the U.S. Senate - he was pro life.

We need at least 60 senators to vote to shut down the shameful tyranny of the minority by filibuster. That is why I cannot vote for the Salazar brothers, even though I appreciate their "leading the fight" against Referendum A. I cannot count on Ken Salazar to be one of those 60 senators who would buck his party's line. Pete Coors claims to be pro-life, so I must vote for him even though I hated the fact that he and Greg Walcher supported Referendum A. It's just priorities.

Does that mean that I'm not concerned about the deficit, jobs, the economy, stronger environmental protection, and how and when we might be able to someday extricate ourselves from Iraq?

On the contrary, I am very concerned, and I will urge all my elected officials to reverse some of the paths we are currently on. But I must vote pro-life.

Jerry Driesens


Letters are mean

Dear Editor:

"You're stupid," was the refrain heard recently in a Pagosa school when a student expressed a preference for a national candidate who was not the majority favorite.

Perhaps we should examine where our kids are getting the idea that berating people with different ideas and opinions is appropriate. Regrettably, the open debate in The SUN may be one source of these behaviors.

Over the past few months, the tone of letters to the SUN concerning the upcoming elections has become combative and downright mean. This nation is a democracy, where our greatest strength is based on the ability to have an open debate, where mutual respect in the exchange of ideas creates the national agenda.

All those involved in this debate, Republican, Democrat, and Independent, are patriots expressing divergent views of what is best for our nation. None of these people are "dumb," "stupid," "ignorant" or "un-American." They are participants in what makes America great.

Perhaps we can use these last few days before the election to teach our kids to value the toleration, respect and dissent that makes this nation so great.

Peter Dybing


Bumper sticker

Dear Editor:

Driving home today I passed a truck with a bumper sticker that said "Sportsman for Bush." All I could think was "Why would a sportsman be for Bush?"

Is it because of his record on protecting the environment which is what I would assume a sportsman would be concerned about? Bush's "Healthy Forests Initiative" opens up 190 million acres of forest to logging companies. Bush's global-warming energy plan called for opening almost 70 million more acres to oil exploration.

In Bush's first year as president, clean-air inspections fell off 30 percent, clean-water and clean-air criminal referrals declined by 50 percent, and criminal referrals for violations of rules controlling toxic substances dropped 80 percent.

Bush weakened the Clean Water Act for power plants so they can use more water which threatens other aquatic life. Instead of listening to his own scientists President Bush used a utility company report to be the basis of a plan to allow three times more mercury in the air and water than is currently allowed. Mercury affects everyone, but babies and fetus's mental development are in the most danger. How "pro-life" is that?

Some sportsmen and the NRA will tell you that they are for President Bush because Senator Kerry wants to take guns away from people. No one, let me say that again, no one is going to take guns away or change the Second Amendment. In practical terms for a politician it would be an impossible task in the first place and political suicide to even try.

Has Senator Kerry voted for some bills that would restrict gun ownership in the past? Sure. In 1994 he voted for the ban on assault weapons which in 2000 George W. Bush said he supported. In 1999 he voted to make Teflon-coated bullets illegal which also in 2000 George W. Bush said he supported. And, in 1998 he voted to maintain the law on trigger locks.

What law-abiding average citizen needs an automatic assault weapon with Teflon coated bullets ("Cop Killer bullets" which go through bullet proof vests) and doesn't want to put a trigger lock on it to protect their own or someone else's children?

Anyone who is truly a sportsman should be in favor of reducing mercury in our waters, cleaning power plant emissions, keeping loggers and roads out of our forests plus miners and drillers out of our national parks. Gun laws can be changed and then changed again but once the wild places are gone, they are gone forever.

John Eustis


Signs removed

Dear Editor:

Recently, when I have been out running on the streets of the Pagosa Lakes subdivision, I have seen far more Kerry/Edwards campaign placards than Bush/Cheney placards. This is a bit of a surprise since our community has seemed to have a Republican majority.

However, when I was out for my run today I saw that most of the Kerry/Edwards signs have been methodically removed. I hope that Republicans and Democrats alike are disappointed by this juvenile action.

The removal of these signs disappoints me for a number of reasons:

This is a trampling of the first amendment rights of those citizens who had the signs stolen. The First Amendment of our constitution guarantees our freedom of speech - removal of the signs makes it appear that a person only has this freedom if they support the Republican nominees.

So the thieves of these signs think that the general public is not so bright? That we are going to cast our ballot for the candidates who have the most signs? That we are not able to think for ourselves in making our decision when voting?

Don't the sign takers realize that their actions might sway undecided voters to vote for the opposite party? If these sophomoric actions are representative of that one political party, then many independents are likely to want no part of that and will vote for the opposing candidates.

Lastly, these are petty actions and reflect badly on the Republican party. I suspect and hope that the theft of these placards will mean that even more Kerry/Edwards signs are erected than have been stolen. Diversity of opinion and tolerance of other views are two of our countries greatest strengths.

Sharon Fairchild


Wrong direction

Dear Editor:

As a Catholic veteran for Kerry, I am very concerned about the outcome of the current election.

President Bush has led our country down the wrong path to the wrong war and the wrong economy. The latest revelations about the 350 tons of high explosives lost during the invasion of Iraq reminds us that the U.S. troops were used to guard oil fields and the Ministry of Oil, not find and safeguard ammunition dumps and possible WMD facilities.

President Bush is failing in the war on terror, has made a shambles of our economy and has put thousands of our troops in harm's way. Some of those troops are from Archuleta County. His message of fear is a cover up for his inept administration.

John Kerry has the education, experience and the foresight to get our nation's economy and foreign policy back on track. The United States needs good jobs, affordable health care, energy conservation and an inclusive foreign policy that can effectively fight terrorism. John Kerry, Ken Salazar and John Salazar will well serve the needs of Colorado and our nation.

Raymond P. Finney


bin Ladin's ally

Dear Editor:

"... U.S. forces and policies are completing the radicalization of the Islamic world, something Osama bin Laden has been trying to do with substantial but incomplete success since the early 1990s. As a result, I think it is fair to conclude that the United States of America remains bin Laden's only indispensable ally."

That is a direct quote from the CIA analyst whose career over the past 17 years has been focused exclusively on terrorism, Islamic insurgencies, militant Islam, and the affairs of South Asia - Afghanistan and Pakistan.

From the point of view of our attackers, he writes, the war on America has nothing to do with our freedom and democracy, and everything to do with U.S. policies and actions in the Islamic world. It is motivated by the tenets of the Muslim religion, as an extremist element of the Islamic world interprets them.

From the point of view of American extremists, the war on terror is seen to be a bona fide Christian mandate to crush all evil - a mandate we may be passing on to the next generations. So, "This war has the potential to last beyond our children's lifetimes and to be fought mostly on U.S. soil," the CIA's terrorist expert writes.

It seems to make sense that we should have agreed on exactly what we're fighting about - America's "imperial hubris" (from their point of view) or terrorist attacks on innocent persons (from our point of view). Instead, the U.S. set the agenda: It's all about evil people who have (or might have) (or might want to use) weapons of mass destruction. The underlying reasons are "nuances."

As to the business of whose God is more right or more powerful, should we have put our theologians up against theirs before banging away at each other? Maybe not. After reading the Catholic bishops' recent pre-election "Call to Citizenship" pastoral letter, it's clear they have other things on their minds than which U.S. policies and practices inspired the religious issues underlying global attacks on Americans and our allies.

As the CIA insider I've quoted makes clear, this administration has not put all the reasons for this war on the table. Keeping some important facts out of sight is policy. As President Nixon's attorney, John Dean asserts in the title and theme of his recent book, the Bush Administration's behavior is "Worse than Watergate."

The CIA "insider" quoted above is the author of the 2004 book titled "Imperial Hubris," which originated as a training manual for new counterterrorists based on public sources, not classified materials. Dozens of reviews of and articles about the book can be found on the Internet. The U.S. Military Academy's Senior Fellow at the Combating Terrorism Center calls the book "a classic in the field of counterterrorism analysis").

Michael J. Greene


Grave concerns

Dear Editor:

Lifelong Republican Russell E. Train, Undersecretary of the Interior for both Presidents Nixon and Ford, former head of the EPA and chairman of the Council of Environmental Quality has expressed grave and disturbing concerns over the possible re-election of the Bush administration, as have other environmentally conscious Republicans.

According to Train both Republicans and Democrats, by a margin of 4 to 1, support stronger environmental laws and enforcement. Train laments that previous bipartisan environmental accomplishments have, under the Bush Administration, been reversed.

I am greatly concerned that the following environmentally destructive practices have been enacted: The Endangered Species Act has been avoided and ignored.

Previously protected roadless areas in our national forests are now being opened to logging. Air and water pollution rules have been weakened.

Clean air regulations have even been altered to allow more deadly mercury emissions, despite cost to public health.

The Bush administration is currently seeking exemption for the U.S. to release millions of pounds of methyl bromide, a fungicide which destroys the earth's protective ozone shield and may lead to deadly melanoma cancer.

In consensus, scientists have agreed that global warming has begun, yet this administration has not only failed to act to reduce global warming, but alarmingly refuses to acknowledge its existence.

The Union of Concerned Scientists has declared that the release of public reports and EPA decisions have been distorted, manipulated, and findings have even been altered by the Bush administration.

These practices seem only to benefit mining, oil, and pollution producing industries and in contrast, they perniciously violate the quality of all life on earth.

President Bush stands out as the only president ever to receive a failing grade from the League of Conservation Voters. As a responsible voter, please consider that President Bush has failed to honor the legacy left by previous conservation-minded Republican presidents.

G. Stephen Harding


'No' to reservoir

Dear Editor:

After considerable thought and discussion with other interested Archuleta County citizens, I can not support the proposed property tax increase to fund land acquisition for a new water reservoir. There are simply too many unanswered questions.

When I purchased property here, I paid for existing improvements, including the water system. Why should I pay for the water needed by those not yet living here? What other funding mechanisms have been considered? How much more money will be required to complete the project as envisioned?

Has adequate attention been given to further water conservation measures, including use of waste water?

Dams inhibit natural riverine processes necessary for ecologically healthy riparian areas. Have we explored all possible alternatives before we injure another watershed?

I am uncomfortable with the secrecy surrounding the proposed reservoir location. Are we assured that only public interests will be enhanced by the land purchase?

Why was there no argument against the proposal included with the mailing sent to registered voters?

Until these and other questions are answered to my satisfaction, I must urge a "No" vote on the proposal.

Respectfully submitted,

Roger Jensen


What arrogance

Dear Editor:

I read the article in the Oct. 14 SUN regarding the Village at Wolf Creek describing the meeting held with business owners in Pagosa Springs with Mr. Honts, Mr. McCombs' henchman.

Never in my life have I heard such arrogance as expressed by Honts, chief executive officer for Mr. McCombs' empire. "A rising tide will lift all boats?"

Really! It sounded just like the old carnival days when hawkers would get up on their soap boxes to tout the latest snake oil to cure all your ailments. People listened and believed then, too, only to have their hopes dashed when no cure appeared.

Do the business people of Pagosa really believe this "village" is a good thing? Do they believe all those "high-end" tourists will come down to Pagosa when everything they need is already within walking distance?

The only thing Pagosa will gain from this development is businesses going out of business. Mr. Honts indicated they would be hiring moderate to low income people and would bus them in. From where? Pagosa? Where are these people going to reside? In the low income housing we provide and subsidize!

Mr. Honts indicated how wonderful this was going to be. Why we might even become another Jackson Hole. Should we change our name from Pagosa Springs to Jackson Hole South now or later. Where is the water for this development coming from? Where is the waste water going to? Perhaps they will use local builders. How fleeting are those jobs?

Don't get me started on the increased traffic and the wear and tear on our roads!

Mr. Honts again: "For every negative there are two positives" and "the village isn't an 'if' but a 'when'." Again, that arrogance. Yes, this is a good thing for Mr. McCombs. He'll make more money. I have a saying Mr. McCombs and Mr. Honts: "It's not over until the fat lady sings."

Donna Kumer


Would he lie?

Dear Editor:

The Rev. Pat Robertson, one of our leading Evangelicals, has stated that before the war started, President Bush told him that no casualties were expected. Not a few hundred, not a few dozen, None!

The White House immediately denied that Bush ever said that, thereby branding the Reverend a liar.

What would Rev. Robertson's motive be in lying? He is one of Bush's strongest supporters. In fact, in the same interview where he revealed the comment about casualties, he called Bush blessed by God.

Frankly, I think that the President and his neocon handlers did indeed delude themselves into thinking that the U.S. could invade Iraq with no losses.

Does anyone remember "shock and awe?" The President assured us that we would just blast the living daylights out of Saddam's palaces and bunkers, kill him immediately, and the Iraqis would welcome us as liberators. This view was repeated over and over by the embedded "liberal" journalists traveling with our troops.

Wrong! Another mistake by Bush. Oh, I'm sorry, this President is perfect and doesn't make mistakes. Despite four years that have brought us a war that was started for erroneous reasons and is now a quagmire, no capture of Osama, a record surplus that has turned into a record deficit, the loss of millions of jobs, a flu shot shortage, record oil prices, and on and on and on, this stubborn and arrogant President couldn't recall a single mistake he has made. Not a single mistake!

I would rather have a President smart and brave enough to analyze events, recognize when mistakes have been made, and change course when warranted.

To paraphrase the Bible, let he who has never changed his mind, cast the first stone.

John W. Porco


Poetic tribute

Dear Editor:

As we are nearing Nov. 11, Veteran's Day, I thought it timely to share a poem written by Mike Detviler, a U.S. Marine, which best describes our men and women who serve and have served in our country's armed forces.

What kind of men?

"What kind of men are these, that serve our country well

Who for God and country, may spend some time in hell

Skin of brown, black or white, side by side for freedom fight, color matters yes its true,

The blood red color shed for you

Men of hopes, men of dreams, men who know what

freedom means, pay the price, that we may stay

Free to live another day

Men of honor, men of faith, men who keep this country

Great, men that answer duty's call.

Men with courage standing tall,

Men that hear their buddies cry,

Men that have to watch him die

Men that live in pain each day,

With their blood for freedom pay

Common folk like you and I, who for us may someday die

Fight for freedom and our rights,

Men of valor shining bright.

As you go along your way,

Won't you stop and think and pray

For the men that sacrifice, say a prayer and say it twice.

Some are active, some reserve

Some of veterans, all deserve

Thanks and praise from us each day,

For our freedom they did pay.

Recognize the value of,

The gift of freedom, bought with blood.

Honor freedom, and the men,

Who your liberties defend,

If you cherish freedom's way,

Support the men that pave the way

To take for granted or assume,

Freedom's cheap will be its doom

Let me now conclude with these,

Words of warning to the free:

Should there ever come a day, we neglect the men who pay

Some will come along the way,

Someone to take your rights away

So honor those that bravely pay,

And from preparedness never stray."

Marines will celebrate their 229th birthday at Montezuma's Restaurant Nov. 12. Don't forget to make your reservations.

Sepp Ramsperger


Choose wisely

Dear Editor:

I was raised by conservative midwestern farm people who moved to California after WW II to catch the new opportunities symbolized by the West and the American Dream. I live the values of a sincere work ethic and love this country and this planet with deep gratitude.

The anguish of today's battle between two political parties for me is that the common ground of our concerns gets lost in the "battle" of loyalties. Like football or baseball teams defending "our side" we fail to ask the deep questions, or to face the actual facts of our experience in these times.

The rhetoric of political promises seems to me like a game of "carrots" for our concerns and the spin of corporate media coverage, a dangerous invitation into Cultural Trance.

For me, the most tragic reminder of the facts is the thought of losing my son to a dishonest war. On Oct. 4, the headlines of USA Today read, "The average household's personal debt is $84,454. And the average household's share of our government's debt is $473,456." That puts the midwestern farmer part of me in shock!

Still, after our first preemptive war, President Bush talks of "spreading freedom" around the world. The feedback is that we are seen as the oppressors, not the liberators we once were. How can "freedom be on the march" while we lose our basic freedoms at home? How can we be "spreading democracy" when our government trades it for corporate interests around the globe? Dominance and control is an old paradigm of power which breeds anarchy and rebellion. The global community will continue to isolate us, as we persist in being the Bully on the Block. This means consequences for all Americans.

Democracy demands that we remain pliable and ask ourselves honestly if this administration is heading in the direction we can support with our deepest hearts. By voting with our values the American people have the chance to take back our power from runaway corporate interests that define our government's policies.

I know that we already have the technology and skills to create sustainable sources of fuel. I know that our own people deserve to have their economy maintained by keeping our jobs at home. I urge conservatives like my family, to look at the evidence of the past four years and ask if this administration is really acting out of the values that will sustain our world.

I pray we will choose wisely.

Thank you for the opportunity.

P.D. Parsons


Don't be fooled

Dear Editor:

To the undecided voter: A wise and strong leader may not be handsome. Was Lincoln? Don't be persuaded by President Bush's confident assurances and words, or by fear.

Hitler fooled the German people when they were worried about their economy.

Kerry was brave and strong in his military service. Why not now? Kerry has 20 years experience in the Senate. He knows many world leaders. Bush did not before he became president. Kerry has humanitarian aspirations. Bush is protecting the corporations.

Bush was told and should have understood the complexity of the region Iraq is in and the clash of religions. Bush's war and Bush's deficit, in time, could lead our country to fail if no one will continue to lend us money. Many of our great civilizations have failed.

How are we going to get out of this war peaceably? We have created enemies we didn't have. We didn't have to go to war to be on our guard and be aggressive toward terrorists. We were well-awakened by 9/11. The world and many protests by our country, as well as some of Bush's generals, advised no war. Was he a wise leader?

Bush has weakened and dismantled many of our environmental laws. We must protect our air and water and atmosphere, our forests, the ozone, etc. If we wait too long to protect the environment, there will be no way back. Kerry and Edwards support the environment.

For factual news on TV listen to Lehrer at 6 p.m. during the week and the Bill Moyers program at 9 p.m. Fridays on PBS.

Ruth Self


Space fillers?

Dear Editor:

I applaud Claudia Smith's "Pay for Print" suggestion. I think that the entire community knows exactly where Jim Sawicki and John Feazel stand on every issue. I would also add William Bennett's name to the list.

I am not sure why we must be subjected to these three opinionated, word hogs week after week. Is it 1) The editor finds them amusing? 2) They are the only ones who write and the SUN needs to fill up the space? 3) Is the SUN afraid to limit the number of times the same person can air the same views?

I am embarrassed that visitors to Pagosa read their letters and think that the views of these three represent typical Southwest Colorado mentality. If the SUN must continue to print their diatribes, could you please add a disclaimer?

If the SUN just needs to fill the space I think an army of volunteers would come forward to help you.

Wynn Wasinger

Editor's note: We find that letters contending with the character and quality of opposing ideas usually do the trick. Occasionally, if we need more copy, we print a letter from someone who believes censorship is appropriate. A check with the writers in question will reveal that as many of their letters are not printed as are.



Dear Editor:

It appears to be up to the Mineral County commissioners: Either preserve one of the pristine wilderness experiences in the world, or cave in and grant approval for yet another developer to line his pockets and destroy this experience forever.

Wolf Creek Village developers appear to be influenced by unlimited money and arrogance, saying, "We'll do this because we can." But the developers seem totally unconcerned for the impact they will have on the rest of us who will continue to reside outside of Wolf Creek Village. They have little concern for the impact on wildlife, water and the necessity to provide for sewage. They have little concern for their dramatic impact on housing, medical services, transportation, and businesses in our small towns. They say they want a world class premier development to attract the wealthy from the world.

The rest of us will bear the impact if that becomes reality. And most of us are not wealthy. Besides, the wealthy have plenty of world- class ski resorts already.

The officials of Mineral County have the power to revoke the plan for Wolf Creek Village and to state than no further approval will be granted for this development. They can preserve our way of life, or they can decide to negatively influence our water quality, our taxes, our property values, our wildlife, our serenity and peace of mind forever.

I implore you to encourage the officials of Mineral County and billionaire Red McCombs with his money and his influence with Washington and the Forest Service to find other outlets for their energy and to leave us alone.

Sara J. Wilson

Editor's note: Please refer to the story concerning the Village on the front page of this issue.


Great threats

Dear Editor:

We live here for different reasons, but for many clear air, clean water and open space are added considerations.

Air: The administration's "clear skies" proposal raises sulfur admission up to 50 percent, increasing acid rain, and mercury emission three fold, threatening pregnancies and fish consumption. The proposed "Emission Intensity" for power plants is relative to industrial growth and thus in the long run will increase pollution. Rejection of raising fuel economy from 20.7 to 27.5 mpg for cars and light trucks gives prolonged pollution and foreign oil dependency rather than using new techniques and clean renewable alternatives.

Water: The administration proposed to exclude 45 percent of polluted rivers, lakes and streams from the "Clean Water Act" It also ruled that the Corps of Engineers and EPA need permission from Washington D.C. before enforcing their rules for wetlands. The "Energy Bill" supports a $29 billion waiver for liability of producers who contaminated groundwater with the poisonous gasoline additive MTBE.

Open space: The Interior Department halted reviewing 262 million acres of BLM land considered as wilderness. This would leave 200 million acres without protection against mining, gas and oil drilling and off-road vehicles which could make them permanently ineligible to become wilderness areas. Increased logging in National Forest under the "Healthy Forest" initiative and road building in pristine areas too is a great threat to open space.

Martin Witkamp

 Community News

Keep someone warm, donate to

Rotary Club's Operation Winter Coat

It is that time of year again, when the Rotary Club of Pagosa Springs has its annual Operation Winter Coat collection and distribution drive.

This year the distribution will be 1-5 p.m. Friday Nov. 19, in the Extension building at the county fairgrounds.

This is a great opportunity to go through your closets and find outgrown warm coats, hats, boots and gloves.

The community always gets behind the drive by opening various locations for drop-off of items and this year is no exception.

Items may be dropped off at Jem Jewelers, the Chamber of Commerce Visitor Center, Pagosa Springs Elementary School, Our Savior Lutheran School or Pagosa Springs Junior High School no later than Nov. 18.

"I know from past experience," said Kathi DeClark, last year's organizer, "that this is a wonderful time for anyone who needs such items to come by and pick them up - free of charge. There is always enough to go around."

For more information on distribution or collections, call Coleen Myers at 731-6378 or Gloria Haines at 731-2100.


Argentine Tango on dance club's November agenda

Argentine Tango: It is the music, the dance, a culture and a way of life.

Argentine Tango comes to Pagosa Springs again in November, presented by the Instep Dance Club.

Les Linton, who learned this most elegant, romantic and sophisticated dance from Argentine instructors will teach the dance which, at one time, took Argentina and Paris by a storm.

Classes will be 7-9 p.m. Nov. 4,12, 18 and 26 in the PLPOA Clubhouse at 230 Port Ave. Cost is $20 per dancer or $30 per couple.

All adult wannabe dancers without partners are welcome. The dancing public is invited.

For questions or comments, call Linton at 731-1797.


Instep Dance Club sets Halloween costume party

The Instep Dance Club will host a Halloween costume party 8-11 p.m. Thursday, Oct. 28 with dancing, games, prizes, music, and fun.

Win prizes for the best costume and best joke. Cost is $5 per person (except October paid members). Desserts will be provided, but BYOB.

The event will be in the PLPOA Clubhouse at 230 Port Ave., Pagosa Springs. All adult public welcome whether with or without a partner.

For questions or comments, call Deb Aspen at 731-3338.


Harvest Fest set at Powerhouse gym Sunday, Oct. 31

Harvest Fest - the 22nd annual event of fun, food, and free games ... what more could a kid want? is planned 6-8 p.m. Sunday, Oct. 31, at the Powerhouse gym.

The event is sponsored by Pagosa area churches, First Baptist, Restoration Fellowship, Pagosa Bible and Mountain Heights Baptist Church.

Those who attend may wear costumes; but not those that portray evil.

Please call Donna at 731-9042 if you would like to volunteer to help with this event.


Madrigal Dinner tickets are going fast

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

Tickets are already going fast for the Pagosa Springs Music Boosters' premiere Madrigal Dinner in the community center on the weekends of Dec. 3-4 and 10-11.

This traditional holiday festivity, which goes back to the days when kings and queens, along with their knights and ladies, would host such a feast in the grand palace hall, will feature a group of singers performing madrigals (an ancient form of part singing), wandering jugglers, instrumentalists, and magicians to amaze and regale all assembled, while the court jester keeps everybody laughing.

Dinner will be delivered to the Royal Court at the head table on huge platters held high, in a grand musical procession. The 250 diners each evening, who are encouraged to be in period costume, will be served by acting/singing serfs and wenches (who might occasionally be seen running down the aisles to avoid the kitchen staff's amorous advances).

Auditions were held last month and over 35 singers, musicians, and specialty acts have been set to perform. The Royal Court is comprised of Michael DeWinter, Candy Flaming, Don Ford, Darran Garcia, Robert Garcia, Jody Hott, Lonnie Low, and Betty and Dale Schwicker.

Madrigal singer/performers include Randi Andersen, Chris Baum, Gena and Matt DeWinter, Jessica Espinosa, Amber Farnham, Kimberly Judd, Kim Legg, Tim McAlister, Jesse Morris, Christine Morrison, Jon Nash-Putnam, Jean Smith, Janna Voorhis and Don Weller.

Serfs and wenches Kelly Crow, Ben DeVoti, Anna Hershey, Shanti Johnson, Benellen Laverty, Jessica Low, Keyton Nash-Putnam, Kyle Peterson, Becca Stephens and Veronica Zeilor will keep the food and saucy by-play coming, while musicians Melinda Baum, Sam Conti, Lisa Hartley, Jesse Morris, and others to be added, keep the music flowing.

The doors open at 7 p.m. and festivities begin at 7:30. Reserved tickets are required and may be purchased at the Plaid Pony (970-731-5262). Prices are $24 for adults, $20 for seniors, and $18 for students and children. Get your tickets early.


Civic Club criers call for bazaar

Hear Ye! Hear Ye!

The good ladies of the Civic Club wish to announce the return of their grand Christmas Bazaar.

All are welcome to attend 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 6, in Pagosa Springs Community Center.

You will be pleased to find over 50 booths with special items to please everyone.

The fair ladies are working hard baking delectable goodies available in their Bakery Booth.

Lunch choices include beef brisket sandwiches, Polish sausage, chili, hot dogs, sloppy joes, coffee, soda, hot chocolate, hot tea and bottled water.

Raffle tickets can now be purchased at the library, from any club member or at the bazaar. Raffle items include art objects, money, handmade specialty items, vendor donations. Raffle items will be given away at the end of the bazaar and winners need not be present.

All monies earned from the bazaar go directly to the Sisson Library. Due to higher building costs involved in the library expansion, the ladies hope this year's event will generate more money than usual.


Operation Christmas Child will

fill gift boxes at First Baptist

Take out the wrapping paper and start making your lists - it's not too early to start thinking about Christmas!

Area residents are preparing to bring joy to a hurting world this holiday season by packing and collecting shoe box gifts for Operation Christmas Child.

First Baptist Church, 2722 Rock Road, will serve as a 2004 collection center for Operation Christmas Child. The church will be open to receive gift-filled shoe boxes during the project's National Collection Week, Nov. 15-22. Local hours will be Monday 10 a.m.-4 p.m., Tuesday-Thursday; 2-5 p.m. Friday; 10 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday; 2-4 p.m., Sunday; and 9 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday Nov. 22, noon-2 p.m.

This will be First Baptist's second year as a drop-off site for Operation Christmas Child, a project that encourages children, families, churches and groups to fill empty shoe boxes with toys, school supplies, hygiene items and personal letters, then hand-delivers them to children in need around the world.

Last year, First Baptist Church collected 1,200 gift-filled boxes from southwest Colorado, and has set a goal of 1,500 shoe box gifts for 2004. Over 6.6 million gift-filled boxes were collected worldwide last year, and distributed to children living in countries where poverty, terrorism, famine, disaster and disease are a way of life. This year's international goal is to collect and distribute 7 million shoe box gifts.

Packed with love and sent with prayer, Operation Christmas Child shoe box gifts have brightened the lives of more than 31 million children since 1993. Operation Christmas Child has become the world's largest international gift program for children.

This year, gift-filled shoe boxes will be sent to children in some 100 countries around the world, including children suffering in the Darfur region of western Sudan, hurricane victims in Grenada, and children who survived the recent terrorist attack in Beslan, Russia.

"This simple and fun project gives people in the community a chance to bring a smile to the face of a child a world away from them. Children all over the world are not so different from children living right here at home. Every child needs school supplies, enjoys brightly colored toys and cuddly stuffed animals, and they all need to feel and know that someone somewhere loves them and cares for them," said Keith Sidwell, Operation Christmas Child Southwest representative.

"In the past, the response to Operation Christmas Child from the southwestern Colorado area has shown the deep love and concern people have for children in areas of the world where there is so little. Each child who receives gifts responds to the special love that is packed into each shoe box," said April Holthaus, who is volunteering as the site coordinator for Operation Christmas Child.

Operation Christmas Child is a project of Samaritan's Purse, an international Christian relief ministry headed by Franklin Graham. Samaritan's Purse coordinates year-round relief and development projects in over 100 countries around the world.

For more information about First Baptist's participation in Operation Christmas Child, call 970-731-2205. For more information on Operation Christmas Child, or to receive free materials, call (800) 353-5949 or visit online at www.samaritanspurse.org.


Father-daughter Purity Ball Saturday

The Pregnancy Support Center will host a father-daughter Purity Ball 6-9 p.m. Oct. 30 in the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.

Purpose of the ball is for fathers to pledge commitments to protect their daughters while daughters pledge commitments to purity.

This is a very special time between daughters and daddies.

The active presence of a father in the life of his daughter is important for her future. Author Evelyn Bassoff, Ph.D., makes this statement in her book, "Cherishing Our Daughters: How Parents Can Raise Girls to Become Strong and Loving Women."

"If our daughters are to flower," she says, "they need optimal growing conditions. Almost always this means being lovingly cared for by mother and father. It is from her mother that a girl learns to be a woman; it is from her father that she learns what to expect from men in the way of love and respect."

Dads, this is a special event for both you and your daughter. Be her hero as she enjoys the princess treatment. Since we want daughters to feel like princesses, we are asking for both dads and daughters to dress up, and "Sunday dress" is just fine.

The ball is for single girls at least 11 years old or older, and feel free to bring all of your daughters. The center is encouraging "surrogate dads" to bring a special young lady to this event who may not have a father in her life.

The cost is a recommended $25 per couple. If the cost is too much, come and enjoy the evening anyway. Music will be provided by KPCL's own Ole Blomberg and the center will provide desserts.

RSVP by calling the center at 264-5963 or e-mail response to pregcntr@pagosa.net.


Start thinking now about photo contest entries

By Bruce Andersen

Special to The PREVIEW

It's that time of the year once again. The annual Pagosa Springs Arts Council photo contest will be here before you know it.

While the deadline for entries is Feb. 2, it's not too early to start preparing to share some of your latest photos.

We enjoyed a glorious fall color display this season that seemed to last a bit longer than normal and show richer colors than normal. Perhaps you had the opportunity to capture some of it on film.

Snowcapped peaks and crisp blue skies are next up on nature's pallet.

The annual photo contest grows larger each year. Lots of photo categories and lots of ribbons to be awarded make this a very popular winter event. Watch and listen for details as we get closer to the Feb. 2 deadline.

For now, start gathering up those prized photographs and be thinking about which images you want to share with other folks.

Remember, your entries must be framed or mounted and ready to hang.


The ghouls and ghosts are ready; Halloween party for kids Friday

By Pauline Benetti

Special to The PREVIEW

We're having a Halloween party Friday evening at the community center, so costume the kids and get them there by 5 p.m. We will keep them very busy right up to 7 p.m.

Doing what, you ask? Well, if you have been reading this column, you already know - but just in case, here is the final line up.

For kids who like to throw things, we have the bean bag, shark and ring toss. A variation on this theme is the wet sponge toss or hoop shooting. For those who like to fish, the object can be either goodies or prizes. Diggers on the other hand, will enjoy digging for treasures in the sand. For the whole-body physical kids, we have the Space Walk Inflatable, which means a lot of bouncing and screaming.

For the more ghoulish among us we have the haunted house, the graveside visit and to reach-into-sight-unseen, we have a mystery box and a pumpkin surprise. To add to that atmosphere, our coven of witches will be floating around.

Now, about those costumes - remember that prizes will go to the Most Gruesome, Most Elaborate and Most Original. And if you want to add to your costume before the judging, we will have face painting available and tattoos that glow in the dark.

The kids who enjoy quiet events, can listen to spooky stories, play putt-putt golf or Bingo. Of course, there is always food - hot dogs, punch, caramel cider, popcorn and candy. And for fun there will be a cup cake walk and apple bobbing. For the adults, some special pumpkin -flavored coffee.

One last important added attraction - our party will be inside where it is warm and safe. Bring the kids and let them have fun. The community owes a very big thanks to the organizations, business and individuals that are making this event possible.

Now for a dramatic change in subjects.

The first meeting of the Friends of the Community Center will be noon Wednesday, Nov. 10. Officers will be elected, the mission of the Friends will be discussed and lunch will be served.

This is an ideal activity for people new to Pagosa Spring who would like to get involved in their community. It is equally appropriate for those who have been around for a long time.

Call Mercy or Pauline at the community center for more information, 264-4152, or drop by 451 Hot Springs Blvd. 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.


Past lives, dreams soul travel class set

A free, seven-week discussion of the book "Past Lives, Dreams and Soul Travel" will begin 10 a.m.-noon Saturday, Oct. 30, in the Teen Center in Pagosa Springs Community Center.

The book by Eckankar spiritual leader Harold Klemp will be available for $14 at the first discussion session. Other meeting dates are Nov. 6, 13, 20, and 27 and Dec. 4 and 11.

Call 731-3699 to register.

In the Past Lives portion of the book, Klemp explains how people can learn to recall memories of past lives. Lessons of long ago can be recaptured now to help our lives today and he relates how our character is made up of virtues and shortcomings and all are a development from past lives.

Dreams, he writes, are really another way to find wisdom from the heart. Dreams open new avenues of truth and give insights just for you.

Soul travel, he says, is simply a shift in consciousness. Its main benefit is to let us tap into the wisdom and knowledge of what he calls the last great frontier - our inner worlds, to fully, consciously ride the wave of divine loving coming into our lives every day.

There are exercises given on each subject so you can try them on your own.


Emergency training classes

offered at education center

Anyone can be helpful in an emergency - all it takes is a little training.

Injuries and sudden illnesses can happen any time and any place, but you can be prepared if you know first aid and CPR.

Archuleta County Education Center can be your source for that knowledge because it is now offering standard first aid and CPR training for the non-healthcare providers to classes in both for emergency response training for healthcare professionals.

Classes cover the basics from breathing and cardiac emergencies, to bleeding and basic injuries. The center is also offering wilderness training for those who hike, hunt, guide or just love being outdoors. The latter four-evening course provides knowledge and training for anyone out in the wilderness or in remote locations.

Youngsters who want to become babysitters also need first aid training. The center offers a class for anyone in the fifth-ninth-grade interested in babysitting with a babysitter's workshop planned 1:30 -5 p.m. Fridays, Nov. 5, 12 and 19 in the center at 4th and Lewis streets.

This three-week class will help prepare students to care for infants and young children. It also covers such topics as home safety, nutrition, first aid and CPR. Tuition of the workshop is $18.

In addition to first aid courses, the staff operates the homework center 3:30-5:15 p.m. Monday through Thursday in the junior high school. Stay tuned for other activities to be offered this age group in upcoming weeks.

Additionally, the education center offers enrichment activities for elementary-aged students in grades K-4. Activities for the month of November will include Spanish for the Kids on Mondays, basket making on Tuesdays, Kids in the Kitchen on Wednesdays, Creature Creators on Thursday and don't forget Fun Fridays.

There's always something exciting happening. All classes are in the elementary school 3:15-5 p.m., except on Fridays with the hours are 1:15-5 p.m. Tutoring is also available for first- fourth-grade students.

Adults in the community may be interested in other offerings. There are adult education classes such as English as a second Language and the GED program. Spanish is also offered several times a year for those who may be traveling, or just want to learn for conversation.

Anyone interest in taking classes at the education center should call 264-2385 or stop by the offices at 4th and Lewis streets to register.


Local Chatter

Jewish Penicillin! Sure to cure what ails you

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist

The flu season is on! It's time for chicken soup for chicken soup is the magic words for what ails you. Even in some medical schools, instructors say so.

I read some place (can't remember where and I've lost the article) that a study has been made to determine why this is so, but the results were vague. It seems they don't know why - only that it does.

The saying goes that every Jewish mother has her own recipe for chicken soup and Judy Esterly has provided us with her Gramma Shaikey's recipe. Because of the healing qualities in chicken soup it is commonly called "Jewish Penicillin," so this is the recipe for Gramma Shaikey's "Chicken soup also known as Jewish Penicillin! - sure to cure what ails you!"

Put one washed and cleaned whole chicken (or cut up parts) into a large pot. Fill the pot with enough water to cover the chicken. Bring water to a boil and remove scum that comes to the surface. Turn heat down to simmer. Add to pot: one large onion; three or four ribs of celery; three or four carrots; one parsnip; dash of salt if desired. Cover with lid, but let steam come out of edge. Cooking time three hours. Serve with thin noodles or matzoh balls or kreplach.

Judy makes big pots of soup, uses lots of carrots and adds a cut up sweet potato and chicken bouillon granules.

Judy says she believes no two recipes for Jewish Penicillin are the same. She freezes parts of her soup for future needs - her own and her husband George's needs and for friends.

Another of Gramma Shaikey's recipes is Chicken Soup Souffle. Heat enough chicken soup for one. Bring to a boil. Pour in (don't mix) one well-beaten egg and cover with lid until egg puffs up and is fully cooked (just a few seconds).

Recipes for chicken soup vary but most seem to include chicken, celery and onion. Other things are parsley, frozen peas or a small can of tomatoes. The important thing is that with the flu season on (whether you have had a flu shot or not) chicken soup is a handy food to have around.

Fun on the run

This story comes from Taylor Hayes at the Kentucky New Era

A college student challenged a senior citizen, saying it was impossible for the younger generation to understand the older.

"You grew up in a different world," the student said. "Today we have television, jet planes, space travel, nuclear energy, computers "

Taking advantage of a pause in the student's litany, the geezer replied, "You're right. We didn't have those things when we were young; so we invented them! What are you doing for the next generation?"



Senior News

Survey says: Give us a course on arthritis

By Laura Bedard

SUN Columnist

Musetta and Silver Foxes Den participant Elaine Lundergan, recently returned from the Senior Energy Health Summit held in Montrose.

The objective of the health summit was to gather information to bring back to Archuleta County to enhance the well being of our local seniors. Many topics were covered and the decision on which courses to pursue was overwhelming. After narrowing it down to two, the team conducted a survey to determine which course was to be offered.

Based on the results of the survey (and it was a close one), a class will be offered on improving the health of those who suffer from arthritis. While a portion of the funding will be provided through the Senior Energy Health Summit, the team is in the process of applying for other grants.

The monies will be used to provide training to those interested in instructing the classes. If you are interested in becoming an instructor please contact Musetta at 264-2167 by mid November.

This Friday we will be dressing up for Halloween and celebrating October birthdays - wear a costume and you might just win a prize.

A couple of the gals from Victim Assistance will be judging for us. We've always had a lot of fun with these contests. We hope you'll join in the fun as well as lunch, and don't forget we serve birthday cake with your meal.

Patty Tillerson will be at the center to check blood pressures, and Dru will do nail care, so you can be pretty for Pinochle at 1 p.m.

Nov. 2 is a big day for everyone voting and the Seeds of Learning kids will be here to sing at 11:30 a.m. to make it even more exciting. At 1 p.m. we will try Game Day again.

If you've been thinking about trying out Game Day, this is your last chance to keep it alive. Bingo prizes have been donated by Wal-Mart.

One of our seniors is proud as punch of her granddaughter, Katie Hoff. Katie was a member of our Olympic swimming team, and, at just age 15, was one of the youngest. She has also won awards here in the states for competing in the 400 IM and 200 IM events. We join Helen Hoff in celebrating her granddaughter's talents. Congratulations.

A very special thank you goes to our Flower Fairy. This secret individual made arrangements through the Den to have flower bouquets delivered to each of our homebound who receives a home-delivered meal and also provided flowers for the volunteer driver who delivered them that day Thanks Flower Fairy; way to go!

If you are interested in becoming a volunteer for the Home Delivered Meal Program we still need a few more volunteers, please help enhance the lives of our homebound seniors.


Friday Oct. 29- Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; nail care, 11; blood pressure check, 11; celebrate October birthdays and enjoy the Halloween contest, noon; pinochle, 1 p.m.

Monday, Nov. 1 - Medicare and drug card counseling (one on one), 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; Bridge for fun, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, Nov. 2 - Yoga in Motion, 10 a.m; basic computer class, 10:30; Seeds of Learning kids sing 11:30; Game Day, 1 p.m.

Wednesday, Nov. 3 - Canasta, 1 p.m.

Friday, Nov. 5 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; nail care, 11; veterans' benefits, noon.


Friday, Oct. 29 - Bat wings were served in last year's Halloween meal: Salisbury steak, mashed potatoes and gravy, Brussels sprouts, and melon in season.

Monday, Nov. 1 - BBQ chicken, corn on the cob, coleslaw, whole wheat roll and fruit cup with bananas.

Tuesday, Nov. 2 - Roast pork, mashed potatoes and gravy, broccoli blend, tossed salad, onion roll and orange wedge.

Wednesday, Nov. 3 - Lasagna, Italian vegetables, tossed salad, bread stick and fruited Jell-O.

Friday, Nov. 5 - Salmon patty, mixed vegetables, parsleyed noodles, Waldorf salad and sherbet.



Chamber News

'Goody bags' made Diplomat salute a success

By Sally Hameister

SUN Columnist

We had such a good time at our Diplomat Appreciation luncheon and are ever so grateful to our gracious hosts, the gang at Montezuma's. The staff couldn't have been more accommodating, and Chef Nick provided a beautifully presented delicious meal replete with a fresh flower on each plate. It was lovely.

We want to acknowledge and thank the businesses which so generously donated gifts to the Diplomat "goody bags" presented at the luncheon. Those bags were jam-packed with the most amazing assortment of treats and the Diplomats couldn't have been more pleased. We are grateful to the following for their generosity: Wells Fargo Bank, CenturyTel, Frankie's Place, Durango & Silverton RR, Squirrel's Pub, Rio Grande Savings & Loan, Loma Clay Works, Humane Society of Pagosa Springs, Pagosa Springs Community Center, Slices of Nature, European Café, Astraddle A Saddle, The Springs Resort, The Spa at Pagosa Springs, Archuleta County Education Center, Navajo State Park, Lantern Dancer Gallery, JJ's Upstream Restaurant, Ole Miner's Steak House, Wrap It Up!, The Choke Cherry Tree, Taminah Gallery and Gifts, Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park and Jackisch Drugs. You all made it an especially wonderful day for our especially wonderful Diplomats.

Witches and goblins

This Friday night is the big Halloween party, 5-7 p.m. at the community center, and we hope you are all planning to attend.

You can expect to find a bean bag toss, a fishing booth, putt-putt golf, a shark toss, an inflatable house and scary stories read to you by the Friends of the Library.

There will also be a haunted house, a graveyard tour and, for the especially brave, a "mystery box" into which you will be invited to place your hand.

A member of the Arts Council will be there to paint a ghastly, ghostly face for you and the Rotarians will be happy to apply a temporary tattoo that glows in the dark. Schmidt Chiropractic was kind enough to donate $100 toward party expenses.

Those wonderful Rotarians will also provide hot dogs and punch. SWAP is hosting an apple bobbing contest and Bonnie Nyre with Slices of Nature will be pouring hot caramel cider and pumpkin-flavored coffee. The community center gang will sponsor a cake walk as well as a costume contest. To win this one, you must be the Most Original, the Most Gruesome or the Most Elaborate.

This is such a wonderful event for the entire family and the perfect opportunity for every member to don a costume and be silly. We could use a lot more silliness in this world especially during an election year.

Pauline and Mercy at the community center can answer any questions you might have concerning the party, so please feel free to call them at 264-5232.

"The Nutcracker"

Tickets are rapidly disappearing for the annual Immaculate Heart of Mary fashion show and luncheon coming up Saturday, Nov. 13, so I would encourage you to boogie on down to the Chamber and get yours rather quickly. We have less than 20 left, and I assure you that by this Friday we will be plumb sold out.

"The Nutcracker" is this year's theme featuring music provided by John Graves and local ballerinas dancing their little hearts out for you.

Our Pagosa merchants will supply the very latest winter fashions and, as always, Dahrl Henley can be counted upon to create a menu to die for.

It's always a perfectly delightful way to spend an afternoon, so please get your tickets while they are still available.

Tickets are still only $18 and can be purchased at the Chamber of Commerce. The door prizes donated by our local merchants at this luncheon are always outstanding and feel free to call Yvonne Ralston at 731-9324 or June Geisen at 731-5429 if you would like to donate an item or two.

KM for Kids grants

Mark your calendars for Nov. 8 which is the application deadline for the 2004 KM for Kids grants for Archuleta County.

This year the Kinder Morgan Foundation has allocated $5,300 for the Pagosa Springs/Archuleta County area for 501 (c)(3) educational youth programs.

Eligible programs include: education programs at public or private schools (K-12), community organizations, preschool programs (home daycare programs do not qualify), arts and culture programs, public library programs or improvements, teen center programs, equipment for athletic teams, safety and swimming programs, 4-H and FFA programs, Boy Scout and Girl Scout programs - just to name a few.

This process usually takes place in the spring but, due to other obligations, the Foundation was unable to distribute the applications. The good news is that in the spring of 2005, you'll be able to apply for funding again. If you have not already received an application form, you can pick one up at the Chamber of Commerce.

Civic Club Bazaar

There's nothing quite like the announcement of this event to jolt you into the reality that the holidays are approaching, ready or not.

This bazaar, which benefits the library building fund, is always the delightful "season opener" giving you a head start on your holiday shopping as well as providing a fabulous opportunity to see everyone in Pagosa and catch up on all the latest scuttlebutt.

This year there will be 55 booths with jewelry, pottery, photographs, stained glass, toys, candles, cosmetics, needlework, tole paintings and Christmas items galore.

There will be a raffle with 30 items plus a grand prize of a Pagosa Piecemakers' quilt.

The bake sale always includes the most decadent offerings and lunch will be served at the Café with brisket sold by the pound. Raffle tickets are available at the library, at the bazaar or from any Civic Club member for $1 each or six for $5.

Don't miss this festive event which will take place at the community center 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 6. If you have questions, please call 731-4699.

Memorial bazaar

I have yet another little bit of news that will tweak that holiday consciousness - the Community United Methodist Church is about to embark upon their 43rd year of the Russ Hill Memorial Bazaar offering beautiful, handmade wreaths to ship anywhere in the U.S., Alaska, Hawaii and other destinations.

Of course, you can also order what you would like for yourself or your local friends as well.

Funds earned from this annual affair allow the church to continue improvements in their youth and Christian education programs, contribute to adult education in the community and to contribute to Christian camp scholarships, church youth scholarships and community assistance programs.

If you would like an order form, please stop by the church or give a call to 264-4538 beginning Nov. 15. Act quickly because the orders can be filled and sold only until the volunteers run out of greens.

Volunteers needed

If you are looking for a productive and gratifying way to spend some time, the Archuleta County Education Center could use your expertise.

They need volunteer tutors for their General Education Development (GED) classes to help students in their pursuit of this certificate. They need tutors in the areas of language arts reading, writing, social studies, science and mathematics.

Volunteers will work one-on-one with these students and one need not be a certified teacher. A general knowledge in one of the five subjects and the willingness to spend two to three hours a week is all that is needed to participate in this worthy endeavor. The program operates 1:30-3:30 p.m. Monday through Thursday and 5-8 p.m. Monday and Wednesday.

Wally Lankford, the GED coordinator, will match your skills with a student who could use your help. Call 264-2835 to volunteer or for more information or just stop by the ed center at 4th and Lewis streets.

Photography contest

The time for the 17th annual Pagosa Springs Arts Council Photography Contest is fast approaching. Now is the time for local photographers to start making their selections and preparing their photos for display.

As always, the show will be held at Moonlight Books. Show dates this year are Feb. 5-26.

The opening reception will be 5-7 p.m. Feb. 5. Visitors to the show will not only be able to view the immense talent pool that resides in the Pagosa area, but they can also vote for the People's Choice Award. This show never fails to impress, so mark your calendars and plan on visiting Moonlight Books to check it out. For more information on how to enter the show, drop by Moonlight Books and pick up the rules and regulations.


Clearly, Halloween week hasn't frightened away our plucky members because we're about to introduce two new members and seven renewals. No tricks at all and a big treat for us.

David Shonn joins us first with Pagosa Supreme located on Put Hill at 2143 Eagle Drive. David offers upholstery, draperies, area rugs, bedspreads and design service. You can give these folks a call at 731-0987 to learn more about Pagosa Supreme. We are grateful to loyal Chamber member and Diplomat, Ron Gustafson, for recruiting David and are happily sending Ron a free SunDowner pass for his efforts.

We next welcome a business with the catchiest name we've heard in a long time - The Unfortunate Sausage, located at 68 Bastille Drive, Unit 1, (former location of Loredana's and Cactus Pete's). These folks not only have a great sense of humor, they specialize in homemade breakfasts and lunches with a Southwestern flair and generous portions cooked to order. They will concede that they might be just a tad out of the way, but are well worth the effort. Give them a call at 731-0415 or just stop by to say hello and have a bite to eat. Thanks to Chamber Diplomat and friend Kim Moore and to our good friend Bill Goddard at the Choke Cherry Tree for suggesting Chamber membership to these new owners. Neither Kim nor Bill is new to this Chamber recruitment game, and we couldn't be happier to send both a SunDowner pass with our sincere thanks.

Renewals this week include Jack Nightingale with Chez Pagosa Restaurant in Pagosa Lodge; Lois and Jere Hill with United Mini Storage; Susan Hampton with Black Bear Custom Homes, LLC,; Lynn Shirk with JTL Appraisals; Mercy E. Korsgren with the Pagosa Springs Community Center; and Karen Cox with both the Taminah Gallery and the Taminah Gallery Frame Center.


Veteran's Corner

Durango VA clinic has flu vaccine

By Andy Fautheree

SUN Columnist

The Durango VA Clinic has informed me it should have adequate supplies of flu vaccination serum this week. Veterans enrolled in VA Health Care need only call the clinic at 247-2214 to confirm, or stop by the clinic for the vaccination.

Canadian sources

I have information in my office I recently came across from Archuleta County Social Services that I thought would benefit veterans, spouses and families of veterans to assist with high cost prescription drugs. It is in reference to purchasing prescription drugs mail order through Canadian pharmacies.

First, the FDA and the attorney general have stated they will not prosecute Americans who purchase their medications through Canadian pharmacies for personal use in the Unite States.

This list of sources of Canadian mail-order prescription drugs is not meant to be comprehensive. They are representative of the type of resources available. The pharmacies meet the criteria provided by the www.fda.gov on how to buy prescriptions online safely and securely. You will need sufficient planning for a delivery delay from Canada of three to four weeks.

Veterans and anyone interested in Canadian pharmacy sources may stop by my office for a copy of the list. Addresses, phone numbers and e-mail addresses are shown on the list.

I cannot guarantee the accuracy of any of this information and anyone planning to order through one of these sources should carefully explore all of the information from the company before sending any money or personal information.

E-mail SPAM

Some of you may have noticed an increased amount of "SPAM" e-mail recently regarding discount drugs. I would approach any of these unsolicited sources with much caution. I certainly would not send any money or give out any personal information such as Social Security numbers or bank account numbers, addresses, phone numbers, etc. until the source has been verified as legitimate.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is at 400 S. Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, CO 81301. Phone is 247-2214.

Further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Veterans Service Office on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, fax is 264-8376, e-mail afautheree@ archuletacounty.org. The office is open 8 a.m.- 4 p.m., Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Library News

Internet provides awesome research capability

By Lenore Bright

SUN Columnist

I spent the entire day researching a variety of subjects at the Library of Congress. I did this all from my computer right here in Pagosa Springs. I continue to find this research capability awesome.

Our little library was one chosen to be part of the original American Memory Project almost 10 years ago. American Memory now holds more than 8 million items that can be accessed from one's home.

Today, anyone -- anywhere, can search the vast holdings of this noncommercial intellectual content, and download it free of charge.

At loc.gov, the Virtual Reference Shelf is the "Librarian's index to the Internet." From this starting point, answers to most reference questions can be found.

Project Gutenberg allows you to download entire books. Started in 1971, Gutenberg was founded to make information, books and other materials available to the general public in forms a vast majority of people can easily read, use, quote and search. Last year, the project reached its goal of releasing 10,000 free titles. They now have more than 14,000 ready for distribution. There are also DVDs of most titles available.

"The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci" was one of the top 10 books requested on-line this week. This, along with Einstein's "Theory of Relativity," "Ulysses" by James Joyce, "The Art of War" by Sun Tzu and "Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 1" by Havelock Ellis.

In our museums we have clay tablets from antiquity marking our history. But much of the current digital history has already vanished. The lifespan of a Web page is 44 days. And 44 percent of all Web sites available in 1998 disappeared in a year. Most books printed after 1850 are deteriorating from acid in the wood pulp used to make the paper. How will we preserve our history?

Together with the Library of Congress, historical societies and local libraries have begun the NDIIPP (National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Plan.) This important undertaking is meant to ensure that access to digital information will be protected by way of a nationwide collection and preservation plan.

As part of this, some issues of our local paper are already on-line. Newspapers are one of the most heavily used sources of research information. Other genealogy information is being added at a rapid rate. You have access to so much. What do you want to know? It is quite likely your questions can be answered at the loc.gov Web site.

Please join me in spending time at our wonderful Library of Congress. You have an on-line library card.

Stop germ spread

Thanks to Susie Kleckner and her San Juan Health Department Pagosa Springs staff for a well-run flu clinic last week. They were dealing with a shortage of vaccine and had to make hard decisions. Many will not receive flu shots this year.

The Center for Disease Control sent some suggestions on how to keep from getting sick. The most important things to remember are to cover your coughs and sneezes, and to wash hands frequently. Germs can often live for two hours or more on doorknobs, telephones and other surfaces. By avoiding touching your eyes, nose or mouth, you have good protection.

When you wash your hands, do so for 15 to 20 seconds. CDC says that is about the same time it takes to sing the happy birthday song twice.

When soap and water aren't available, keep alcohol-based disposable handwipes or gel sanitizers to use. Hand washing is the most important defense. If you do get sick, please stay home.

Wolves at state's door

No, not the wolves on the latest political commercial - the wolves that were reintroduced and are slowly making their way toward the state.

Seventy-one percent of Coloradans were in favor of the reintroduction of wolves in a 1994 poll. The latest issue of Colorado's Wildlife Company covers the wolf debate and gives interesting insights into how to live with wolves.

There are no documented cases of a healthy, wild wolf killing a person in North America. By contrast, dogs kill 20 or more people each year and bite three million. Ask for the wolf report at the desk, we'll make you a copy.


Thanks to Robert and Shirley Alley for being the first to respond to our request for more financial help for the building project. Thanks for materials from Carole and Bob Howard, Russ Freeman, Bob Amon, Dana Dellmore, Sepp Ramsperger, Margaret Rouke, Marsha Silver, Mary Jo Hanna, Della Greer, Virginia Bartlett, Joan Cortright and Mike Coppenger.


Arts Line

Special opportunity in Colorado Art Expo

By Leanne Goebel

PREVIEW Columnist

Here's a special opportunity for artists to participate in the Colorado Art Expo, Nov. 5-7. For $100 an artist can exhibit their work, network and be part of the second annual Expo.

Nearly 90 artists are currently signed up to exhibit. Galleries, museums and art organizations will also participate. This year the event will be held at Tamarac Square at I-25 and Hampden Boulevard in Denver, a major intersection centrally located and offering easy access, convenient parking, easy load in, permanent walls, high quality lighting, eight restaurants and a great neighborhood.

The event is also being held earlier this year. Regular price for a space is $135-435. However, with this special opportunity, an artist can participate for $100.

Contact Leanne for more information at 731-1841.

Holiday gallery tour

On Friday, Nov. 19, 5-7 p.m. join Quartz Ridge Fine Arts Gallery (Claire Goldrick), Pagosa Photography, Moonlight Books, Taminah Gallery, Astara's Boutique, Handcrafted Interiors, Lantern Dancer and The Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park and Gallery for the second annual Gala Holiday Gallery Tour.

Each participating gallery will feature local artists and handcrafted items, food, drink and possibly music.

Tickets will be available Nov. 1 at WolfTracks, Moonlight Books, the Chamber, and the PSAC gallery for $10 ($8 for PSAC members). Support our local businesses and artists and purchase fabulous, one-of-a-kind holiday gifts.

Free theatre ticket

Fort Lewis College provides a 10-percent discount on groups of 14 (with one free ticket to the sponsor setting it up and collecting the funds. Group tickets need to be purchased prior to show dates, with payment sent to FLC at one time. Tickets can either be mailed or available at Will Call allowing patrons to arrive for the show as they wish, and not as a group. Instead of everyone coming on one night, different night purchases are allowed, but all tickets must be ordered at the same time.

The next production is "Skins," Nov. 4, 5, 6, 11 and 13 at 7:30 p.m. and Nov. 14 at 2:30 p.m. in The Mainstage Theatre, Theatre Building, Fort Lewis College. Tickets are $10 general admission, $8 seniors, $8 faculty and staff, and $5 students.

Don't miss the benefit evening for "Skins" hosted by Fort Lewis College President Brad Bartel and his wife Laura. This special event includes hors d'oeuvres and wine tasting, a pre-show address by Dr. Bartel, a presentation by artist/poet Elizabeth Ingraham, a performance of "Skins" at the Fort Lewis College Theatre and an afterglow in the theatre lobby with Bartel, artists, performers, designers and musicians.

Tickets are $100 per person. RSVP to the president's office at 247-7100.

Volunteers needed

Want to earn $5 per hour credit toward an art class? Then volunteer to help out at the gallery in Town Park. Shifts are from noon-3 p.m. or 3-6 p.m.

Contact Victoria at 264-5020. There is a calendar available for sign-up, and training is included for new volunteers.

Contemporary chance

Are you a contemporary artist? Do you want to get together with other contemporary artists for exhibitions, performances, happenings and educational events? Then contact Jules Masterjohn at 382-0756 and join DECAF (Durango Exhibitions and Contemporary Arts Forum).

Ongoing workshops

Beginning Watercolor with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett, every Monday and Wednesday 9:30 a.m.- 12:30 p.m., at the Fairfield Activities Center. Call 731-8060 to reserve a spot for only $25.

Upcoming workshops

"Beginners II: The Building Blocks of Watercolor," Nov. 3, 4, 5, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at the community center with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett. This workshop builds on "The Basics of Watercolor-Beginners I" and uses everything students learned in that class. Continue to work together, making it easy for you to create independently. You'll need all the materials from before, and just a few more things.

Mornings there will be lessons and exercises about shapes, composition and design, choosing subjects, further study about value and color, and advanced techniques such as lifting, scraping, masking, glazing, working with sponges, salt, plastic wrap and waxed paper. Afternoons will be spent painting, using the morning's lessons. The atmosphere is relaxed, with individual help from instructors during the painting sessions, and detailed handouts. Cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members. Call PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

"Perspective for All Media," Nov. 10, 11 and 12, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at the community center with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett. This class is for anyone who wants to learn more about perspective and is open to all quick drying media. (No oil paint, please). Each morning's lessons and exercises are aimed at helping you learn to draw objects - including buildings - in perspective. Included will be a review of aerial perspective and proportion. You will study and do exercises in one, two and three point perspective. Each afternoon, you will create - in your favorite medium - a work that includes the lessons of the morning. The atmosphere is relaxed, with individual help from instructors during the painting sessions, and detailed handouts. Cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members. Call PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

"Signature Gift and Greeting Card Workshop" with Betty Slade. Nov. 18, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at the community center. Personalize your gifts and packages this year with watercolor and acrylic images. Betty Slade will demonstrate how to paint a Signature Christmas Card and other gifts. Some of the items that will be available are hand painted stationary, book markers and gift tags. Other items will be on hand to paint such as checkbook covers, floor coverings, lamp shades, and tote bags.

Betty will have many fun ideas to create. Cost is $35 for the class and $5 for supplies. The supply packet will include cards and envelopes, book markers and gift tags. Students will need to bring their own brushes, acrylic and watercolor paints. Bring a lunch. There will be a 30-minute break at noon.

Slade has been painting since 1965. She paints in oils, watercolors, acrylics and pastels. She owned her own Signature Art Gallery in Albuquerque, was active with the Dallas Wholesale Show for many years and is the owner of the Hi Slade Publishing Company which prints and publishes serigraph and lithograph prints and cards.

She owns and oversees the Blanco Dove Artist and Writer's Retreat Center on the Lower Blanco Road. The center is set up for overnight guests, artist and writer workshops and groups who want to pull away and create. You can view Betty's art at the center during the month of November by appointment.

FLC workshops

"Graphic Symbolism and The Journaling Process," Saturday, Oct. 30, 9 a.m.-4 p.m. In addition to content and creative expression, there is a deeper dimension to handwritten journaling - our subconscious symbolic expression.

When we take pen or pencil to paper, we consciously convey the content we have in our mind and heart. We may even use creative exercises to help the flow of ideas and feeling. In the process, without conscious control or intent, we are also expressing something wonderful and magical shared by every being who has taken to write or to draw.

As we come to understand, appreciate and work with this deeper dimension, we begin to waken anew.

This workshop will focus on the significance of our capacity for graphic symbolic expression and how to read "between the lines" by looking at and experimenting with our symbolic use of writing space and form. Group participation and discussion will center on process rather than on content of journaling. Whether new to journaling or a long timer, this workshop will enhance the value of your experience.

Jan Milburn Mark Reddy is a handwriting analyst and forensic document examiner with a master's degree in the psychology of handwriting. His special areas of interest include graphic symbolism, comparative religion, and psychology of spiritual maturity. He has presented workshops on handwriting analysis, human nature in handwriting, preschool graphic development, and handwriting of suicides. Cost is $45.

"Writing Personal Essays," Mondays, Nov. 1-Dec. 6, 6-8 p.m. Writing a personal essay is a revealing experience to the writer about her inner life; it's a journey to self-knowledge.

In this course, we'll study techniques for developing essay ideas, writing the first draft and revising it until it reflects what we have tried to express in a way that's also meaningful to our readers.

Students will receive both in-class and take-home assignments. This will be a hands-on class. Come prepared to write.

Isabel Viana has worked as a freelance writer for over six years. Her personal essays and articles on the craft of writing have appeared in Big Apple Parent, Writer's Digest, Writers' Journal, The Writer as well as in other magazines and on the Web. In 2001, one of her personal essays also won a Writer's Digest competition. Cost: $125.

"Creating and Using Digital Images," Nov. 1, 3 and 5, 5:30-9:30 p.m. This class is geared toward the professional who needs to send photos as attachments in e-mail, post graphics to Web pages, put graphics into Word documents, PowerPoint presentations, and published documents such as ads, catalogs, and newsletters. Cost is $249.

"Fundamentals of Editing," Thursdays, Nov. 4-Dec. 6, 6-8 p.m. By learning the fundamentals of professional editing presented in this course, you will not only improve your skills and technique as an editor but you will also become a more efficient and expressive writer. You will learn to analyze in detail nonfiction prose for organization, logic, style, content, grammar and usage and to improve the material through effective editing. This interactive seminar, focusing on the elements of strong professional editing, will involve in-class exercises and weekly editing assignments.

William R. Gray was a writer, editor, photographer and publisher for more than 30 years with the National Geographic Society. Gray has traveled the entire globe on writing assignments that ranged from history to travel to science to adventure. In the later part of his career he was an editor and then served as the director of the Society's Book Division for a decade, working with such notable writers as Stephen Ambrose, Daniel Boorstin, Arthur C. Clarke, and Shelby Foote. He was also on the faculty of the prestigious Stanford Professional Publishing Course of Stanford University. He took an early retirement to move to Durango with his family. - $125.

"Classic Three Act Script Structure for Feature Films," Thursdays, Nov. 4-Dec. 2, 7-9 p.m. Classic three act script structure for feature film writers is a course that provides a structural overview of scriptwriting for Hollywood and independent films. You can expect to walk away with an understanding of how professional screenwriters write scripts for the film industry.

Participants will need to purchase "Screenplay: The Foundations of Screenwriting" by Syd Field. We will use this as a foundation for the class. Also recommended: "The Screenwriter's Workbook" by Syd Field and "Story" by Robert McKee.

Michael Thunder has his M.F.A. from the renowned Writers School, the University of Iowa Writer's Workshop. Thunder is a writer's coach and a script consultant/analyst. Cost: $99.

"Marketing on the Cheap: How Small Businesses Cut Costs by Writing Their Own Promotions," Saturday, Nov. 6, 9 a.m.-12:30 p.m. No matter how small your business is, you have to promote your products or services in order to sell them. In this workshop, you'll learn the basic elements of copy that sells, from direct mail to brochures to press releases so you can write your own promotional pieces. If you're working on a piece of written marketing material, such as a brochure, a sales letter or a postcard, bring it to class and let us help you tighten it.

Isabel Viana has been a freelance writer for over 6 years. She has published trade and consumer articles in national and regional magazines and on the Web. She also writes direct-mail packages, press releases, brochures and other promotional literature for businesses. Cost is $75.

"Scribbles, Scrawls And Tadpole People," Saturday, Nov. 20, 9 a.m.-noon. There is a marvelous magical quality to children's first scribbles and scrawls. The product of their efforts and, more importantly, the process by which they create them provide insights into the child's mental, emotional, and physical development. While the progressive scribbles, scrawls, and drawings of all children, regardless of culture, will follow the same stages at the same ages, yet, expressions of individual personality also become increasingly evident. An overview of preschool graphic development and its significance in child development will be illustrated and discussed. A context will also be provided in which to understand and appreciate the graphic symbolism in children's earliest scribbles and drawings. This workshop will be of special interest to parents and teachers.

Jan Milburn Mark Reddy will lead the session. He has a special interest in cross-cultural aspects of preschool graphic expression in children and universal symbolism in writing. Mark has been studying handwriting since 1978 and is a certified graphologist, graphoanalyst and master graphologist. $20.

Ideas wanted

The calendar of events is getting shorter ,which signifies we're well into fall. Submit your workshop ideas, proposals, and recommendations to the Pagosa Springs Arts Council and let's fill out that calendar!

Gallery gift shop

The gift shop at the gallery in Town Park is available to local artisans. Please consider consigning your original work in our store. Contact PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

Artist opportunities

Colorado Art Open 2005 entries are due Oct. 29. The exhibition opens Jan. 14, and runs through March 13 at Foothills Art Center in Golden.

The Colorado Art Open is an all Colorado artists, all media exhibition offered biennially at Foothills Art Center. The exhibition showcases approximately 90 artists with an expected attendance of over 8,000 people from throughout the region and beyond.

Entries may be submitted in slide or digital form. Artists may enter up to four submissions for $10 per artwork. Contact Foothills Art Center at (303) 279-3922 or e-mail fac@foothillsartcenter.org or check out their Web site at www.foothillsartcenter.org.

"Writers in the Sky" at the Wilkinson Library in Telluride, Nov. 6. For more information call 970-728-9799 or check out www.telluride library.org/wits.

"Spirit in Hand" Holiday Exhibit and Sale at the Durango Arts Center, Dec. 14-24. "Spirit in Hand" is an opportunity for fine craftspeople and local artists to share their inspired and creative work with the community during the holiday season.

This juried sale will feature fine crafts and arts in the Barbara Conrad Gallery. Artists creating original, unique gift items in ceramics, jewelry, fiber, metal, glass, wood, paper, calligraphy, photography, sculpture, printmaking, painting, and drawing are invited to apply. Fine craft items are the focus of the sale. No reproductions or color copies allowed.

Items should range in price from $15-$350. Participants should plan to have a minimum of 12 items in the sale, with additional back stock available. A maximum of four slides or photographs must be submitted for the selection process. Applications must be received by Oct. 22. Entry fee is $15 for DAC members and $30 for nonmembers. Contact DAC at 259-2606 or e-mail info@durangoarts.org.

Adventure tour

Join artist Cynthia Padilla for a fantastic tour of Costa Rica. Journal, draw, paint, photograph or just enjoy this tropical paradise March 19-26. The tour departs from Denver and arrives in San Jose. On day two, drive to San Carlos, visit the Arenal Volcano, and swim in Tabacón Hot Springs. Day three travel north to the Caño Negro Lake and Wildlife Reserve where you will enjoy a boat trip with exotic birds such as osprey, storks, and herons. Day four travel to Santa Rosa Park and stay in a jungle lodge, take a hike or go horseback riding. Day five, journey to the Guanacaste, one of the last tropical dry forests on the planet, stop at Santa Rosa National Park, and then arrive at your seaside hotel. Day six is a free beach day or choose to take a snorkeling excursion. Day seven, return to San Jose for dinner and prepare for your return to Denver on day eight. You must enroll by Nov. 1.

For more information contact Leanne at 731-1841 or e-mail her at lgoebel@centurytel.net. Or pick up a brochure at the gallery in Town Park.


Through 30 - Trio Exhibit: Joycelyn Audette, Katherine Barr, and Lisa Pedolsky at Durango Arts Center.

Friday - Deadline for entry to the Colorado Art Open.

Nov. 1 - Enrollment deadline for Costa Rican Adventure Tour with Cynthia Padilla.

Nov. 3-5 - Watercolor Basics II, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m., community center.

Nov. 5 - Outsider Art: Visions from the Edge, reception with the artists, Durango Arts Center 5-7 p.m.

Nov. 5-7 - Colorado Art Expo in Denver at Tamarac Square.

Nov. 11-12 - Perspective Workshop, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m., community center.

Nov. 12 - "Skins" benefit event at Fort Lewis College.

Nov. 18 - "Signature Gift and Greeting Card Workshop" with Betty Slade, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m., community center.

Nov. 5-Dec. 10 - Outsider Art: Visions from the Edge at Durango Arts Center.

Nov. 19 - Gala Holiday Gallery Tour in Pagosa Springs, 5-7:30 p.m.

Nov. 20 - Drawing class with Randall Davis at the community center, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

March 19-16 - Costa Rican Adventure Tour with Cynthia Padilla.

July 24, 2005 - Home and garden tour.


Food for Thought

Meal time in the indoor wilderness

By Karl Isberg

SUN Columnist

Winter outdoor enthusiasts are waxing poetic about recent nasty weather, feverishly preparing for adventures in a snow-blanketed high country.

I have acquaintances who are crowing about putting away their hiking boots and their tents. They're waxing skis, checking the Gore-Tex, combing their flannel, fiddling with snowshoes, ordering tasteless dried snacks - doing whatever it is they do prior to charging into the wintry back country.

I can't relate to them.

I don't understand the outdoor life in winter.

I don't understand the outdoor life in any season.

My idea of a hike is to walk from the car to a building.

If I'm in a particularly enthusiastic mood, I'll walk from Mandalay Bay to the MGM Grand. That's a serious trek, especially if you make stops at Luxor, Excalibur and New York, New York for the sustenance needed to propel you onward. Sure, part of the trip is taken on a tram, but you have to stand, That's hiking, isn't it?

I am most comfortable indoors. And most comfortable while there if I'm in a casino, a lounge or a restaurant.

It's not that I am unfamiliar with the back country. On the contrary.

When I was a lad, I was a Boy Scout. I joined because I was interested in getting an astronomy merit badge. What did the scoutmasters do? They made me go outdoors with my fellow Scouts. They forced me to hike and to sleep in a tent. In winter, we had to go out and dig snow caves and sleep in them. I learned to snare rabbits and squirrels and eat them. To this day, I refuse to eat rabbit.

All I wanted to do was identify the constellations and learn a little bit about the Crab nebula, but, no -goofball adults wearing campaign hats, shorts and knee socks with tabbed garters thought it was swell idea to be out in the sun. With bugs and snakes.

What were they thinking? Were they suffering a crippling nostalgia hangover from WW II?

I remember sitting at crude campsites deep in the Colorado high country (which, back then, was rarely visited and still relatively primeval) doing my duty as the troop's cook. I cleared the ground, built the fire ring, gathered the wood, started the fire. I used Dutch ovens and heavy cast iron skillets and whipped up all manner of barely recognizable slop - most of which we had to lug over hill and dale with great effort.

Occasionally, while I was busy with the chow prep chores, my fellow Scouts went fishing and I was able to destroy trout for dinner. I could burn anything on a campfire, turn any food product into vile-tasting gruel. Apparently I did it very well, since I got stuck with the job every time we meandered around in the high timber.

I detested it.

Later, when I was living in Manhattan, I made a few forays outdoors, strolling from my digs at 11th and University to the club where I played over on St. Mark's Place. I made the trip to the club at 9 p.m. and I came home at 4 a.m., so I didn't need sunscreen.

On subsequent trips back to NYC, I've ventured outside a few times. I consider it a major undertaking to walk a few blocks on the east side of Central Park, say between the Met and the Whitney. For a wildlife adventure, I'll cruise the Lower East Side late at night and try to find some of the places I haunted way back when; I'll amble through Washington Square Park to watch the geeks.

I must admit I've walked a bit in London, Paris, Amsterdam. I've strolled some in La Jolla and San Francisco. I've done a bit of footwork in LA - just a bit, in search of my pal Gordon's shop on Sunset. I've staggered around the grounds of a few wineries in the Napa Valley, looking for the tasting rooms.

What I like about the urban wilderness is the ironic juxtaposition of a crush of humanity and persistent anonymity.

That's what I enjoy about restaurants and casinos.

There are tons of folks around you when you're in a huge casino or in a great restaurant and, if you know how, you have a certain amount of fun together (sometimes entirely too much fun). At the same time, you don't know each other and you really don't want to know each other — you're not going anywhere together, there are no commitments, no plans, no snow caves, no scorched trout. No dead rabbits.

It's my kind of recreation: blackjack and food. The seemingly endless casino, the confusing layout and crazy colors, the weird electronic binging and bonging, the screams of the inhabitants - that's my wilderness.

This puzzles my friends who recreate in the outdoors.

But, friends who yak about getting out and about, who are readying themselves and their equipment for the outdoor experience puzzle me when they talk about its allure. They worry me when they talk about the food they take to the woods.

Sure, it's not pemmican or leathery dried fruit, like it was in days of yore. But it's not worth eating, regardless of advances in freeze-dried products. I've read the catalogs, perused the overblown descriptions of the foods. You've got your fancy breakfasts, you've got your entrees. Just add water and heat. There's beef stroganoff and spaghetti carbonara. You can choose between chicken a la king and jambalaya. There are Chinese dishes, Mexican dishes, a full spectrum of portable comestibles.

Portable, yes.

Worth eating, no.

"Mmmm," say my outdoor freak friends. "It's yummy. You don't know what you're missing."

Pardon me? I think I do. Read the ingredient list on each of these deeeelish items. Ingredient No. 1 is "desiccated crud." It's an industrial by-product, you know, turned out in unimaginable volume by the petroleum industry.

No, just as I prefer the fauna I discover in my "outdoor" world, I prefer the foods I find in my wilderness. Nothing beats a long day at the blackjack tables (with the requisite hike from one hall to the next) like a stop at a great restaurant.

"While you're freezing your rear off, huddling in a shelter to escape a freezing rain, gnawing on some shapeless hunk of desiccated crud," I tell the outdoor aficionado, "I am cozied up in a high-end restaurant preparing to tie into a major league slab of foie gras. While you struggle to heat a pouch of soy-based mock chicken fricassee, I await delivery of moules et frites or osso buco."

"But, things taste better when you are out in nature," they say.

Phooey. Things tastes better when an honors graduate of the Culinary Institute of America prepares them.

The only reason things taste "better" when you are out in nature is because the illusion is a necessary defense against utter misery and profound depression.

"But, have you ever sat out under the stars and eaten shepherd's pie, cooked in a Dutch oven."

Yep, sure have. I burned many a shepherd's pie in my day, fake potatoes and all. Torched some biscuits and cakes too. Once set a pineapple upside down cake on fire.

"Before you make more of a fool out of yourself," I say, "you need to sample my version of shepherd's pie, the meat braised for hours, the crust of potato graced with a mantle of cheeses browned under a broiler, each bite accompanied by a sip of a top-drawer California old vine zin, the husky sauce sopped with a hunk of heavily buttered artisanal bread, the lights in the dining room lowered, the sound system tuned to our favorite Miles Davis. Better yet, can you imagine dining this way then adjourning to the tables for several hours of successful blackjack?"

I'm going to whip up some of this special version of shepherd's pie soon and invite a couple nuts-berries-and-hypothermia friends over for dinner. We'll see which version of the pleasant peasant dish wins out. We'll see which environment emerges supreme.

I'll buy a high-grade chuck roast and cut it into large chunks. I'll dice a small white onion, the white part of a leek and a carrot. I'll slice a pound or so of white button mushrooms. I'll smash and mince six or seven cloves of garlic and tie up a bouquet garni with fresh thyme, parsley stems, bay leaf, a couple of the leek leaves and a celery stalk.

The meat will be browned a few pieces at a time in olive oil in a heavy, deep pan, then taken out and put on a warm plate while the onion, carrot and mushrooms are cooked in the oil. The mix will stay on the heat until the mushrooms have given up their moisture and it has evaporated. In goes the garlic and the pan will be deglazed with a measure of the same zin we'll drink with dinner. After the goodies are released from the bottom of the pan and the wine cooks a bit, I'll add the meat and a couple cups of beef stock. I'll stir in a couple tablespoons tomato paste and plop in the bouquet garni, When the mess comes to a slow boil, I'll cover the pan and into a 325 oven it'll go for several hours.

In the meantime, I'll make mashed potatoes.

The spuds will be steamed until fork tender then dried slightly in the hot pan after the water is discarded. Then, they'll be mashed with a ton of butter, a bit of cream and grated white cheddar, salt and pepper (with a teensy dash of fresh ground nutmeg added. I want the potatoes to be slightly stiff. I'll let them cool in the fridge as the meat cooks.

I'll chunk up some turnip and carrot, procure some small green peas. The vegetables will be blanched in lightly salted water until the carrot can be pierced by the point of a knife.

When the meat has braised to the point it falls apart at the touch of a utensil, it is ready. It will be removed from the sauce with a slotted spoon and placed in a heated bowl. The sauce will be strained, returned to the pot and reduced until very thick. The seasonings will be adjusted and back in goes the meat. The mixture will be transferred to an oiled, heavy casserole, the potatoes spread on top of the meat mixture. A few globs of butter go on the spuds and the casserole is put in a hot oven until the potatoes are warmed through. The top is covered with a mix of grated cheddar and Gruyere and the pie goes under the broiler until the cheese melts and browns.

I'll serve this with a simply dressed salad of spring mix, garbanzo beans, sliced cherry tomatoes, thinly sliced red onion and oil-cured olives. A bit of bread for sopping, several hefty glasses of the zin and it's a complete set.

Bring on your Dutch oven, over-the-fire desiccated crud. It doesn't stand a chance.

When the meal is ready, we'll enjoy it parked in front of my TV, watching a program about the Crab Nebula.


Education News

Sedentary behavior in children can lead to lifetime weight woe

By Livia Cloman Lynch

PREVIEW Columnist

Our children are spending more time than ever in front of the television. No longer are cartoons on Saturday mornings only, but are now available for viewing virtually 24/7.

Sedentary behavior by young children leads to childhood obesity and often a lifelong battle with weight control. Since 1980, the proportion of overweight children ages 6 to 11 has more than doubled, and the rate for overweight adolescents has tripled.

A study in Boston revealed that 60 percent of middle school age children have a television in their bedroom. It should come as no surprise that the more time our kids spend watching TV, the less time they have for activities that will lead to healthy lifestyles.

With the school year now underway, consider a change in routine as an opportunity to enact some changes that will effectively limit your child's daily television viewing.

Parents, consider enrolling your children in after-school programs or team sports. These activities will keep your children engaged, active, and social through the afternoon hours that they might otherwise spend watching television.

Finding alternative activities is as easy as calling the Archuleta County Education Center for a complete list of daily activities. The education center operates academic assistance programs as well as enrichment programs in the arts, language, and science areas in grades K-8. These programs are all held at your child's school so there is easy access and no transportation problems for your child.

At the elementary school, during November there are fun activities each day after the regular school day ends. On Mondays, we are offering Spanish for Kids where students will have the opportunity to learn about the Spanish language and culture. Tuesdays in November will find youngsters making baskets with Ms. Tessie in the art room. Wednesdays will once again be Kids in the Kitchen where they will be learning about foods from around the world. Creature Creators will continue on Thursdays, allowing kids to learn about animals and how to create pictures of them. And of course, every Friday is a Fun Friday where kids gather in Room 3 at the elementary school to learn about wildlife through games and other fun activities.

Community education

The education center is also your place for adult classes as well.

We have first aid and CPR classes offered several times each month. Additionally, we offer a complete lineup of computer classes for all your instruction needs.

Please give us a call for additional information regarding our classes or to register 264-2835. We are located at 4th and Lewis streets in downtown Pagosa Springs.


Extension Viewpoints

When images become expectations, many people experience anxiety

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Wednesday, Nov. 3 - Garden Club meeting, 10 a.m.

Thursday, Nov. 4 - Painting Club, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.; Shady Pines 4-H meeting, 7 p.m.

Friday, Nov. 5 - 4-H Open House, 4-7 p.m.

Happier Holidays Quick Facts ...

Holiday expectations can be reasonable.

Advanced planning and preparation reduce holiday stress.

Consistent routines make holidays pleasurable.

Commercial pressures can be resisted.

Keep plans and activities manageable to create positive feelings.

Holiday traditions produce a balance between the expected and the unfamiliar.

Winter holidays receive a huge build-up. Before the jack-o-lantern loses its smile, stores are advertising sales, stringing lights, setting up displays and playing seasonal music. People talk about being in the holiday mood with all the excitement in the air.

The season brings changes for many families - people are visiting, different foods are eaten, homes take on festive looks, and bedtime schedules may be disrupted. Changes in environment and routines can cause uncertainty and stress.

Television and magazines depict the holiday season as a time when settings are perfect and everyone is happy. For some people, these images may instill the need to make this "the best holiday" or "the best time of year" ever. These commercial images do not reflect most people's reality.

When the images become expectations that aren't met, many people experience anxiety. To make this a truly happy time of year, keep expectations at a reasonable level and set realistic goals.


Planning is key to holiday happiness and enjoyment. Involve all family members in the process. If certain traditions, special meals, parties or travel are a part of your family holiday, make the arrangements early.

List special projects that require time and patience and work on one project at a time. It might be helpful to do the most time-consuming and unpleasant activities first. Assemble everything needed to get a project done, assign tasks to all family members, and work until it's completed. Allow small children to get involved to experience the fun of helping. Once the project is done, clear away the clutter.

Too much

This is the time of year when people tend to overdo to make others happy. This attitude drains time, energy and finances. People cook too much and do not have room to store leftovers. They shop for the ideal gift, yet Aunt Jamie does not remember what was given her two years ago.

Happier holidays come from sound resource management and enjoyable times spent with family and friends. This time of year, the home can become a place where families learn pleasures to carry them through all the seasons.

Use holiday shopping excursions as a time to learn about family resources. Shopping can be stressful, so start early. Do not try to remember everything. Shop with a list that has names, items, sizes, color preferences and the approximate amount to be spent.

Shop when you aren't tired. Take breaks, sit down or have a healthy snack. Many families shop year-round for holiday presents to take advantage of sales and selection.

To avoid large crowds, shop at small, specialty stores. Parking may be easier, there usually are fewer people, service often is more personalized, and merchandise more unique.

Mail order and Internet shopping are other options. Use well-known and established companies and understand return policies and procedures. Take advantage of 800 numbers to ask questions about products and company policies.

Know your financial personality and be prepared to manage holiday spending. A hoarder who worries about money will find shopping less enjoyable than the over spender or money manipulator.

Watch the amount you purchase on credit. Imagine paying in April, May or June for something that has not lasted that long!

Keep the right focus

Do not become pressured by commercial pitches to buy, buy, buy or to give, give, give. Instead, relax and enjoy the colorful displays and merchandise for their beauty and interest.

What do the holidays mean to you? What is important to your family during this season? Do you treasure time spent with each other and friends?

This is a season to show others you care. Show your giving spirit by running an errand for an elderly neighbor, baking cookies for new parents or a student completing final exams, or volunteering to read stories in the pediatric ward of the local hospital. Have your children make useful gifts for residents in a senior facility.

Do not allow distractions to lessen safety - fasten seat belts, use car seats, choose age-appropriate toys, pick up toys, use noncombustible materials for decorations, and check smoke alarms.

To make this a happy holiday season, focus on family and not chores.

Slow down and enjoy each other.


Pagosa Lakes News

Vandal's activities can affect everyone

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

My column last week about the damage to the fishing pier on Lake Pagosa by a group of young vandals caused some stir.

Incensed property owners want the vandals held accountable, want their parents to undertake the cost of repair or replacement.

Some suggest a line on the annual association dues billing to show dollar amount expended as a result of vandalism.

Some of the less implementable, but definitely graphic solutions, I won't mention since I try to uphold the decent and humane values advocated by this publication.

One property owner found laughable my reaction to the vandalism; I guess given how common the problem is "you are out of touch girl." I've always known that about myself and yes, I'll even admit to being "one of those effete bozos" who live in a television-free life. I may be out of touch with the drivel that some of our TV programs deliver, but I'm not insensitive to what is happening here at home.

Yes, I am bothered by the senseless, deliberate and destructive actions that affect property, our community and our pocketbooks.

I bet you the boys who vandalized the pier do not have a clear motive for their acts, but I suspect that vandalism in general is oftentimes the result of basic social problems and attitudes. How about anger against society, boredom, drug and alcohol abuse, disciplining issues, personal problems and conflicts?

How can vandalism affect us? The innocent bystander who is so often a victim of the vandals' activities could easily be you or someone close to you.

Our children, the children of our friends - they are all readily and easily influenced by their peers. By joining the groups of teen-agers who are vandalizing out of boredom or are trying to impress other teen-agers, your child or my child could end up with a police record instead of a diploma.

In 1978, vandalism cost schools in the United States over $460 million or $13 per student; today's figures are much, much higher. The cost of your taxes could rise unnecessarily or the quality of your child's education could be lowered as a result of temporary school closings and equipment shortages.

How can I keep vandalism from getting to me?

As a parent, you are responsible for your child's behavior. Do you know that U.S. House Bill 2 states that parents can be held financially responsible for acts of vandalism committed by their children up to $1,000. Setting a good example is the best way to influence your children to behave properly. You respect the law, plus other people's rights and property. Don't make excuses for lawlessness and don't be indifferent to it.

All of you can help by reporting suspicious persons or activities near your home or your neighbor's home to our local police. Also report to authorities any unusual activities at odd hours near your school, church, etc.

It helps to know the young people in your neighborhood. Talk to them, take an interest in them and show them you care. A kind word or a warm smile goes deep inside a child's heart. Our community is still small enough for this personal touch to be possible.

In my reading up on vandalism, I came across some interesting bits of reporting. How about creative attempt at self-vandalism. In South Korea about 170 men have been charged with "willfully tampering with their bodies" to avoid military duty. They were exploiting a South Korean military taboo of tattoos.

Many people have the mistaken impression that the runoff that flows into the storm drains of city streets is magically filtered and purified by, I dunno, the government or God or Santa Claus or something, before it flows into whatever body of water is downstream.

So, to remind people that this isn't so, people have begun painting stencils above storm drains that read "No dumping! Flows to bay" or similar messages. Other folks have gotten a little more creative. Their stencils instead have messages like "No Dumping! Flows to Starbucks!" A bit of interactive public service at work.

Another example of the cutting edge of vandalism was pulled by residents of Prague, Czechoslovakia during the Soviet occupation of 1968. Vandals tore up or painted over street signs and highway markers so that only locals could find their way around.



Fred Petit Gilbert

Fred Petit Gilbert, passed away in his sleep early on the morning of Oct. 16, 2004. He was living in Greenwood, S.C. in a nursing facility located very close to his daughter and her family.

Luckily, over the last year he was able to spend a great deal of time with many of his loved ones. His daughter was able to visit him almost daily, and quite often some of his grandchildren and great grandchildren were able to spend time with him. While ultimately he was a victim of cancer, he did not suffer and fought the good fight, having successfully fended it off about 20 years ago. We are all so happy that at the end he passed peacefully and without struggle.

What a life he lived! He enjoyed 87 1/2 years, having been born in Algonac, Mich., within a day or two of John Fitzgerald Kennedy on May 28, 1917. Think of how the world changed during that period of time; he was alive during two world wars, drove to California in a Model T after his high school graduation, sailed the Great Lakes and Pacific Ocean, boxed as an amateur welterweight, fought in WW II, wrote music and poetry, built both Chris Crafts and Lincoln Continentals, seldom if ever missed a day of work, was officially retired for well over 20 years, and drove a car and lived on his own until he was 84 or 85.

He loved his family and unlike many of the men of his generation, he told us so. As far as we know he never told a lie, seldom if ever cursed, worked hard, treated everyone with respect without regard to creed or color, and believed in God. Quite a guy, and we will miss him dearly.

Ironically, We only saw him cry over heroes, noble deeds, and random acts of charity, rather than fear, pain or loss. His family wishes they had inherited that trait from him.

His mother was Elsie M. Gilbert (Johnson) of Wyandotte, Mich., and his father Fred P. Gilbert of Algonac, Mich.

Descendants of Fred Petit Gilbert are a daughter, Catherine Diane Swindell of Greenwood, S.C.; a granddaughter, Jennifer Swindell Williams of Wilmington, N.C.; great-granddaughters Kendall Elizabeth Williams, Katherine Renn Williams, Sarah Avery Williams; granddaughter Julie Swindell McClendon of Spartanburg, S.C.; great-granddaughters Emma Diane McClendon, and Anna Logan McClendon; a son, Daniel "Dan" Gilbert of Warren, Mich.; grandson: Richard Thomas Gilbert of Roseville, Mich.; great-granddaughter Torrance McKenzi Gilbert; Granddaughter: Melissa Ann Holstein of Wayne, Mich.; great-grandson Alexander Daniel Holstein; granddaughter Stephanie Kathryn Gilbert of Warren, Mich.; a son, Anthony "Tony" Gilbert of Pagosa Springs; a granddaughter, Kelly Jo Gilbert and grandson John Daniel Gilbert both of Pagosa Springs; and a granddaughter: Kristen Marie Gilbert of Roseville, Mich.

Elizabeth Hartley

Elizabeth Margaret Hartley, a resident of Pagosa Springs since July, died Sunday, Oct. 24, 2004, in Pine Ridge Extended Care Center.

Born Oct. 25, 1908, in New York City, the daughter of Paula and Charles Sclafani, she married William Hartley in Bronx, N.Y., on Oct. 22, 1939. She had moved to Pagosa from New York.

Preceding her in death was her husband, William.

She is survived by a son, Edward Corbett of Bronx, N.Y.; daughter Edith Blake of Chromo.; daughter Evelyn Haley of Calabash, N.C.; seven grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren.

Funeral services were scheduled today in St. John the Evangelist Church in Mahopac, N.Y.


Business News


Mountain View Mini Storage

Jode McKee and Judy Schofield own and operate Mountain View Mini Storage as a family business. The property was once owned by Leon and Margaret Montroy. It was then passed on to their daughter, Judy Schofield, who wanted to put mini storages on it for years. Their granddaughter, Jode McKee, oversaw the project through planning and construction, to completion. The units were built by John McKee and Cody Fahrion (Leon's grandson), with help from eight-year-old Kyler McKee and several friends.

Mountain View Mini Storage is paved, with security lights and easy access. It is located across from the Archuleta County Fairgrounds on U.S. 84. Unit sizes range from 5' x 10' to 10' x 30'. Call 264-4476.



Preview Profile

Josh Bramble

Child welfare supervisor

Archuleta County Human Services


Where were you born?

"Salem, Massachusetts."


Where did you go to school?

"I received my bachelor's degree at Fort Lewis and my master's in counseling at Adams State in Alamosa."


When did you arrive in Pagosa Springs?

"July, 2003."


What did you do before you arrived here?

"I was a school counselor at Durango High School."


What are your job responsibilities?

"I supervise child protection case workers, I oversee child welfare core service programs and I manage therapeutic programs provided by the department."


What are the most enjoyable and least enjoyable aspects of your job?

"The most enjoyable are my coworkers and helping families in the community. My least favorite is the paperwork and balancing state and federal rules."


What is your family background?

"I have a wife, Jo, a 10-year-old son, Zach, and a 3-year-old daughter, Stephanie."


What do you like best about the community?

"The people and the family values."


What are your other interests?

"Fishing, traveling, spending time with my friends and family and helping others."


Cards of Thanks

Seniors thrilled

What could be better than Pagosa in October.

And Oktoberfest 2004 in Pagosa couldn't have been better because of the wonderful support from the entire community. You made this year's event the biggest and best ever. We are so grateful to life in a community with this kind of support for senior citizens.

Special thanks to Design-a-Sign for helping us keep our banners current, to Plaid Pony for the gorgeous arrangements that decorated every table, and to JJ's Upstream Restaurant for their donation of food.

Of course, the Pauken Schlegel band played the best polkas and that encouraged wonderful dancing all evening. Thanks to Melinda Baum who keeps the band together in place.

The compliments are still coming. Our gratitude goes out to the entire community for the success of Oktoberfest 2004.

Archuleta Seniors Inc.

Board of Directors


High risk success

San Juan Basin Health would like to thank the entire community for the support given during our recent flu vaccination clinic. Everyone pitching in and working for the good of the community was wonderful.

It enabled us to give the high risk population the needed vaccinations for the influenza season.

Special thanks to The SUN and KWUF for the great informational coverage; the Town of Pagosa Springs, the community center, Rotary Club, senior center, Pagosa Springs Family Medicine Center, Archuleta County Sheriff and Emergency Preparedness Departments; Upper San Juan Health Service District, Citizen's Advisory Committee, Guadalupe Society, Wrap It Up and both City Markets who furnished manpower or refreshments. We couldn't have done it without all of you. Our sincere thanks.

San Juan Basin

Health Department staff



When we had found out about my cancer metastasizing in August we were devastated to say the least. Before the day was out we decided we needed to come home to Pagosa. We wanted to be with the many friends we have made here the last 10 years.

So, down we came and since then people have gone out of their way to help us. Mike and Muriel Hayward opened their house up to us until we could get into Jan and Sean Cunningham's.

Nita Niece, along with Patsy Harvey and Shellie Hogue put together the bake sale, which was held Oct. 23. Nita went to at least 26 businesses and collected gift certificates or merchandise for the raffle. There was also a silent auction basket worth $250. (Thanks Nita). I know that more people helped with this event and wish I could list each and everyone of you, and the people who came and dropped off, and bought all the baked goods.

Over $2,000 was raised. I just stood there and cried. It is just so overwhelming to know how many people love and care for us.

We thank each and every one of you.

Rachel and Howie Howe




Jorgensen - Holder

Sara Jorgensen, daughter of Lana Bissell and Gregg Jorgensen of Pagosa Springs and Jack Holder, son of William and Joy Holder, were married Sept. 4, 2004, in Rancho Santa Fe, Calif. The couple resides in Del Mar, Calif., where Sara is employed by Intel and Jack is in the real estate business.


Jacson - Packard

Sydney Paschal Jackson and Brian Emmett Packard were married Sept. 25, 2004, in Pagosa Springs. Jackson is the daughter of Carolyn Clark, formerly of Allison, and Jerry and Kathy Jackson of Pagosa Springs. She is a 1997 graduate of Pagosa Springs High School. Packard is the son of Walter and Olivia Car of York, Pa., and Donald and Pat Packard of Winchester, Va. He is a 1997 graduate of Western Virginia University. The couple, married in a meadow in the San Juan National Forest, will reside in Chicago, Ill.


Sports Page

Pirate girls win regional crown, both Pirate teams to state meet

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The Pirate cross country runners repeated at regionals this year with each team claiming a spot at state Saturday in Colorado Springs.

Under cold, clear skies in Monte Vista, the girls extended their winning margin over league-rival Bayfield from the week before to claim regional champion honors for the second straight year.

"I was extremely pleased with how they ran individually and as a team," coach Scott Anderson said. Two of the five girls put forth personal bests, coming up with their fastest times exactly when needed.

"We've been working all year getting our pack time down to one minute for our first through fourth runners," Anderson said. "We're within three seconds of that and it further enhances our chances."

Pirate Emilie Schur finished third in 20 minutes, 16 seconds behind winner Rachel Gioscia of Centauri and the Wolverine's Sari Sunblom.

"Emilie ran her strongest race of the year, and I think she is poised well do to her best at state," Anderson said. The junior shaved 31 seconds off her time from the week before over the same course.

Sophomore Jessica Lynch echoed that effort, crossing the finish just six seconds behind Schur and claiming fourth. "She showed her best form of the year and came through with an outstanding race," Anderson said.

The Pirates' third runner, sophomore Laurel Reinhardt fought not only the competition, but asthma problems as well to finish sixth with a time of 20:31, an effort Anderson said only highlights her strength as a person.

Both Jen Shearston, a sophomore, and Heather Dahm, a junior, posted personal bests for Pagosa. Shearston finished 11th in 21:19, and Dahm claimed 20th in 21:51.

"It was a super effort," Anderson said, "What else can you say when someone runs their fastest ever at a state-qualifying meet?"

At crunch time, the boys also stepped up, squeaking in for the last spot to state with a sixth-place team finish.

"They were on the bubble as far as being able to qualify," Anderson said, "but they all pulled through with some great running and will be on the road to state this weekend."

Junior Orion Sandoval had a breakthrough race for Pagosa, leading the Pirates with an eighth-place finish, an effort that would have qualified him for state as an individual if the team hadn't been successful. Sandoval finished the 3.2 mile race in 18:13.

Senior Otis Rand posted a personal best performance, crossing the finish line in 18:52 to claim 21st place.

The team's third and fourth runners, both underclassmen, turned in a pair of strong performances that only showcased their ability to compete under pressure Anderson said. Sophomore Riley Lynch claimed 33rd in 19:23, while freshman Isaiah Warren crossed the finish in 19:59, running 45th.

Junior Paul Hostetter finished out Pagosa's run for state, claiming 47th in 20:06.

"State will be a wide open meet for them," Anderson said. "We'll roll the dice and see if we can improve on last year's ninth-place finish." Meanwhile, the girls are expected to be among the contenders for any of the top spots.

State races for all classes will be run Saturday, Oct. 30, at the Vineyard Golf Course and El Pomar Youth Sports Complex, Circle Drive and Janitell Road, in Colorado Springs. The 3A girls' race is scheduled for 10 a.m. The 3A boys will start at 11:30 a.m. The turf is a combination of grass, golf cart paths and running trail paths. Parking for spectators will cost $3.

Anderson said the course will be fast and spectator-friendly with plenty of opportunities for fans to cheer on the Pirates.


Special Olympics seeking winter sports coach

Pagosa Springs Special Olympics has just completed its equestrian program and will soon start practicing for alpine skiing at Wolf Creek Ski Area.

Alpine skiing is offered to all adults and children with disabilities.

Practices will be held Sundays to prepare for the Southwest Regional Winter Games in early February at Durango Mountain Resort.

The organization is looking for an individual who is interested in coaching the athletes. Working with Special Olympians is a wonderful and rewarding opportunity. The experience can be a life-changing event for the volunteer as well as the athlete.

Please contact Special Olympics volunteer coordinator, Becky Berg at 731-3318 for more information.


Pirates blank Bobcats 57-0, face Centauri in IML showdown

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Three down, one to go.

That's the Intermountain League championship scenario for Pagosa head coach Sean O'Donnell and his crew after Friday night's 57-0 homecoming victory over the Ignacio Bobcats in Golden Peaks Stadium.

If the Pirates clear their last IML road hurdle with a win at Centauri Saturday, they will stand alone as league champs and stay home for the first round of the Class 2A playoffs. Game time is set for 1 p.m.

Lose, however, and the playoff forecast for Pagosa becomes somewhat cloudy.

"We've been in this position the past two years, with a chance to win the league championship outright and we didn't get it done," said O'Donnell after

"So we obviously want to finish strong against Centauri and avoid going to a tie-breaker to see where we end up."

Based on Friday night's dominating performance, it appears as if Pagosa isn't taking its potential IML championship for granted.

Seven days after a lackluster outing at Alamosa, the Pirates struck early and often against Ignacio, racking up 28 points in the first quarter to put the game out of the young Bobcats' reach.

After the Bobcats lost a fumble at their own 20 on the first play from scrimmage, Pirate junior Daniel Aupperle went in motion to take a first-down handoff from senior quarterback Paul Armijo down the left sideline for six, then booted the extra point to put Pagosa up 7-0 just 25 seconds into play.

Carries by Mitch Davis and Ryan Neil gave the Bobcat's breathing room at their own 30 after Ignacio set out from the nine on the ensuing possession, but Armijo intercepted at the Pirate 48, then ducked inside on the next snap and sped 52 yards to boost Pagosa's lead to 13.

Aupperle's PAT made it 14-0, Ignacio was forced backward on its next possession, and the Pirates were threatening again after Paul Przybylski returned the Bobcat punt to the visitors' 38.

Aupperle took a quick screen inside the 5 three plays later, setting up a 4-yard touchdown plunge from Josh Hoffman that made it 20-0 Pirates with just over five minutes remaining in the first stanza.

The Pirates misfired on the PAT, but again put the Bobcats in reverse on Ignacio's next possession, then took a 22-0 lead after a bad snap to the Bobcat punter trickled through the back of the end zone for a safety.

Pagosa set up at its own 48 following the Bobcat free kick, and the Pirates were in scoring range after senior wideout Daren Hockett took a sideline pass from Armijo to the Ignacio 22.

Armijo hit junior tight end Craig Schutz inside the 10 to set up first and goal, and Hoffman finished the drive with a 8-yard touchdown run to widen the gap to 28-0 with 1:24 to play.

Pagosa's PAT kick missed left, but Ignacio's offensive woes continued and the first quarter came to an end with the Bobcats facing fourth and nine from their own 25 after stops by Pagosa's Richard Lafferty, Manuel Madrid and Karl Hujus.

Ignacio rolled the dice and attempted to convert on fourth down with a pass to open the second quarter, but Armijo broke up the attempt, then hit sophomore Jordan Shaffer on the next play to set up first and goal at the 2.

Pirate senior Juan Martinez plowed into the end zone one snap later, and Aupperle added the PAT to make it 35-0 at 11:43.

Poor field position continued to hinder the Bobcats as Pagosa sophomore Travis Richey brought down Ignacio's return man at the Bobcat 22, and the visitors were forced to punt after a third-down tackle for loss from Pirate senior Marcus Rivas.

The Bobcats caught a rare break via a fumble recovery inside the Pirate 45 midway through the quarter, but later came up a foot short on fourth down and Pagosa took over with 6:23 till halftime.

Less than a minute later, backup quarterback Adam Trujillo reached the end zone from 80 yards away after getting the Bobcats to bite on a fake pitch, and the Pirate lead swelled to 41-0.

Pagosa's extra-point attempt failed, but the Pirates soon had the pigskin again due to a fumble recovery by junior linebacker Jake Reding at the Ignacio 35.

The turnover led to a 32-yard field goal by Aupperle with 3:36 to play, and the half closed with Pagosa owning a 44-0 advantage.

Another Pirate score appeared imminent early in the third quarter after Hoffman returned the second-half kickoff to the Ignacio 28, but the Bobcats held, then took over on downs near midfield after a bad snap on Pagosa's fourth and long attempt.

But the Bobcats could not convert after the miscue - a third-down sack by Juan Martinez led to another Ignacio punt, and a textbook block from Craig Schutz two plays later sprang Armijo down the home sideline for a 82-yard touchdown that put the mercy rule into effect.

With Pagosa in front 50-0, Ignacio set out from its own 32, but was forced to punt on the final play of the quarter after a third-down stop by Pirate senior Raul Palmer.

After O'Donnell called time-out to pull his seven seniors from the field at the start of the final frame, scoring subsided until inside of five minutes to play.

At 4:33, the Pirates added a touchdown on a 65-yard keeper by Trujillo to close the books, and weekend homecoming celebrations began when the horn sounded with Pagosa on top by a final margin of 57-0.

Pagosa's quarterback tandem accounted for much of the Pirate offense in the contest, with Armijo supplying two touchdowns and 157 yards on eight carries to go along with Trujillo's 154 yards and two TDs on four carries.

Reding led the defensive charge with 12 tackles, followed by Bubba Martinez with seven and Juan Martinez with five.

The win pushed Pagosa's record to 6-2 overall, 3-0 in IML action.

After the game, O'Donnell lauded his team for working hard to atone for mistakes made in the prior week's loss to Alamosa.

"We watched the Alamosa film and decided we did about as many things wrong as possible," said O'Donnell.

"But the kids studied the film, took notes and made corrections, and it was nice to see them bounce back this week," added O'Donnell.

As for the defensive effort, "Last week was probably our poorest outing of the year," said O'Donnell.

"But our guys really came to play tonight and it was good to see them flying around, getting to the ball and overall, just getting back to the things that we do well."

With respect to his seniors, "Under normal circumstances, it probably wouldn't happen, but I was glad to be able to call that time-out and get the seniors out together tonight," said O'Donnell.

"They're a group that has always worked hard and they've done everything we've asked them to do," he added.

"It's been a real pleasure to coach that group of guys," O'Donnell concluded.


Ignacio 0 0 0 0 - 0

Pagosa 28 16 7 7 - 57

First Quarter

Pag - Aupperle 20 run (Aupperle kick)

Pag - Armijo 52 run (Aupperle kick)

Pag - Hoffman 4 run (kick failed)

Pag - safety

Pag - Hoffman 8 run (kick failed)

Second Quarter

Pag - Martinez 2 run (Aupperle kick)

Pag - Trujillo 80 run (kick failed)

Pag - Aupperle 32 field goal

Third quarter

Pag - Armijo 82 run (kick failed)

Fourth Quarter

Pag - Trujillo 65 run (Aupperle kick)



Pirates 8-0 in IML with win over Ignacio

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

Pagosa's 3-1 volleyball victory over Ignacio Oct. 21 assured the Pirates of the No. 1 seed at the upcoming Intermountain League tournament, but the contest against a stubborn Bobcat team serves to remind players and fans alike the Pirates will need to step up the tempo and focus in order to come out of the tourney as champions.

As usual, Ignacio coach Melanie Taylor had her charges revved up and ready to play at their best in a match that was more important to the visitors than to Pagosa. The Bobcats and Centauri were battling to the wire to see which team would be No. 2 at the district tournament - a place secured by Centauri at season's end.

The Bobcats came out strong in the first game of the match, riding a wave of Pirate errors to a 9-2 lead.

But the evening belonged to senior Pirate middle hitter Bri Scott who led the way on offense. Scott put two kills to the floor as the home team closed to 9-12. The teams went back and forth, each scoring single points until, trailing 17-13, Pagosa made a small run. A Bobcat hitting error, a successful back-row attack by Courtney Steen and another kill by Scott got the Pirates close, 16-17.

Two Pagosa mistakes gave up points to Ignacio but the Bobcats returned the favor with two errors. A Bobcat pass went over the net and fell at the feet of a motionless Pirate back row. Ignacio would not score again.

The Bobcats gave up two points with passing and hitting mistakes. Lori Walkup killed for a point; Caitlyn Jewell slammed a Bobcat overpass to the floor. An Ignacio attack went out of bounds; Jewell and Walkup blocked a Bobcat hitter for a point and Pagosa got the 25-20 win on an Ignacio serve-receive error.

The Bobcats rebounded for a 26-24 win in the second game - arguably the weakest game played this season by the Pirates.

The teams stayed close throughout the first half of the game, with the lion's share of Ignacio's points coming courtesy Pagosa errors. The Bobcats took a 12-11 lead as a Pirate blocker went over the net, an Ignacio serve came down just inside the back line and a badly placed Pagosa pass was put to the floor.

The Pirates came alive for a brief time, putting together a six-point run, with Caitlin Forrest at the serve for five of the points. During the run, Walkup took a backset from Liza Kelley and nailed a point. Scott and Walkup stuffed a Bobcat hitter, Forrest hit an ace and Steen tipped over the block. Pagosa was in front 18-14 and seemed to have momentum.

Not so. The teams traded points; Ignacio got two points with a kill inside a weak Pagosa block and an ace that was muffed in the Pirate back row. The Pirates got a charity point and the Bobcats put two more points on the board with a tip and a botched pass and set on Pagosa's side of the net. It was anyone's game, with the Pirates ahead 20-19.

Ignacio gave up a point with a player into the net then came back strong with four consecutive points, the first on a Pagosa setting error. The Bobcats blocked for a point, a Pirate attack went out and the Bobcats got another point with a block. The visitors were up 23-21.

Pagosa was not done yet. Jewell slid outside to put a kill down the line. Walkup hit for a point just inside the back line and Ignacio put a ball out. The Pirates were ahead 24-23, needing a single point to win. They didn't get it: A Bobcat attack fell in the back court as defenders watched. A Pirate was called into the net and the Bobcat serve fell to the floor untouched to hand Ignacio the win.

The Pirates came back to take the third game 25-20, but error-riddled play continued to keep the opponents in contention.

Scott accounted for three Pagosa points as the home team took an early 7-2 lead. Four Pirate mistakes, however, let the Bobcats close to 7-6. Ignacio hit a ball out; Kim Canty killed down the line and Forrest nailed a point off a defender's hands. Ignacio stayed close, courtesy Pirate passing and serve-receive problems.

Finally, the Pirates gained some distance, going ahead 18-11 as Steen killed down the line. Jewell hit an ace, Walkup and Scott scored with a tandem block and Scott put a ball out off a block.

Ignacio was resistant, tipping for a point to a hole along the net then getting two points on kills through the block by Mary Jo Kerrigan. Pagosa surrendered three points with mistakes and the Bobcats committed a hitting error. The Pirates led 22-16.

Kerrigan put another point on the scoreboard for Ignacio with a kill from outside, but Canty responded by going to the middle and scoring. Pagosa surrendered two points with passing errors, Ignacio provided the Pirates a charity point with a serve-receive mistake. The Bobcats scored by finishing off an errant Pirate pass and Pagosa closed out the action when Jewell stuffed a Bobcat hitter for a score.

Despite the fact Pagosa's passing and setting was out of sync throughout the fourth game, the Pirates managed to end the match with a 25-16 win.

The team built momentum as the game began, securing a 17-9 lead with Scott continuing to find ways to score. Walkup chipped in with two kills and an ace and Kelley put two balls down for points. Still, Pirate passes consistently forced the setters behind the 10-foot line and sets were rarely on the net. Ignacio trimmed the lead to 17-11 but Jewell replied with a kill then slammed a Bobcat overpass to the boards.

With one exception, the remaining five points that flashed up on Ignacio's side of the scoreboard came as a result of Pirate miscues. Pagosa cruised to the win with a kill from Walkup, a kill from Scott as she went outside to hit cross-court and three points on Bobcat hitting errors.

"We were a little off, except for Bri," said coach Penné Hamilton. "The match was useful in that it showed some of the things we need to change before the postseason tournaments. We need to move better on defense and our blocks have to be where we need them to be."

The fine-tuning was taking place during practice this week, said Hamilton. "We've made slight adjustments in our defense, learning more about movement and angles. The deeper into the postseason we go, the more other teams will pick up the digs. We can't afford to pass poorly and hit free balls across the net."

The Pirates and the Bobcats will tangle again at the District 1 tournament at the Southern Ute Events Center in Ignacio. Pagosa and Ignacio are scheduled to play Saturday at 10:30 a.m.

Pagosa opens its tournament Friday with a 5:30 p.m. match against Bayfield and plays the final match of the tourney against Centauri Saturday at 1:30.


Kills/attacks: Scott 12-25, Walkup 9-17, Jewell 8-18

Ace serves: Forrest, Jewell, Kelley, Scott and Walkup, 1 each

Assists: Walkup 18, Kelley 11

Solo blocks: Walkup 5, Jewell 2

Digs: Steen 14, Forrest 7


Pirates drop 3-2 match to 4A Montrose

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

The Pirate volleyball team gave it a good effort at Montrose Oct. 23 before losing to the 4A Indians 3-2 in a non-league match.

The effort was notable in that the Pirates were missing half their starting lineup, including both starting middle hitters - seniors Bri Scott and Caitlyn Jewell - and senior outside hitter Courtney Steen.

Coach Penné Hamilton responded to the absences by inserting two swing players into the lineup - Emily Buikema at middle hitter and Jennifer Hilsabeck at the outside. Both performed very well.

Hamilton also took junior outside hitter Caitlin Forrest and moved her to the middle, keeping junior Kari Faber at the outside.

What you had, in essence, was an even match with both teams putting only one senior (in Pagosa's case, Lori Walkup) on the court.

The match began at 9 a.m. and it took the Pirates some time to wake up. Montrose managed to move quickly to an 11-5 lead. Liza Kelley scored once for Pagosa; Walkup put two kills to the floor.

Pagosa hung with the Indians, closing the gap to 14-11 with a successful tip by Walkup followed by a kill from the Pirate senior.

Montrose took advantage of a ragged Pirate block, as they would all match long, to go ahead 16-11 but gave up a point with a serve error. Kelley killed for a point and the Indians gave up four straight points with hitting errors. Pagosa was in front 17-16. With another Montrose serve error and a kill by Forest, Pagosa was in front 19-17, but three Pirate hitting errors and an Indian ace off the tape gave the home team a 21-19 lead.

Forrest responded with a kill from outside that went out off the block. Following a Montrose point, Buikema went outside for a kill, but the Pirates lost ground with a serve error and a ball hit out. Montrose was up 24-21.

The Pirates weren't quite finished: Buikema killed from the middle for a score but the lack of a block and no movement in the Pirate back court gave up the final point to Montrose and the home team had the 25-22 win.

In the second game, nearly everything clicked for the Pirates as Pagosa creamed the Indians 25-11, giving a preview of what the team will be like next season.

Hilsabeck got the train rolling with a kill and Faber followed with the same. Kills by Walkup and Buikema put the Pirates in front 4-1.

Pagosa never trailed in the game and gave away most of the Indians' points with errors.

With her team ahead 8-5, Forrest took over for a three-point run killing from the middle, blocking a Montrose attack for a point and putting another ball to the floor from the middle. Following a Montrose point on a Pirate passing error, Faber killed from outside, Buikema got a point with a block and Kelley scored with a kill. All Montrose could manage were single points sandwiched between Pagosa successes.

Faber scored off the block to take back the ball and start an eight-point run. Montrose made mistake after mistake, Buikema crushed an errant pass and Walkup scored with a block. Pagosa was up 23-8.

Montrose got three more points, all courtesy Pagosa service and hitting mistakes. Fittingly, with her team ahead 24-11, it was Forrest who shut the door as she slid outside for the kill.

While it wasn't as easy as in game two, the Pirates captured the third game of the match, 25-22.

Montrose had a 5-1 lead and it took time for Pagosa to erase the advantage. On the way to a 16-16 tie, Forrest scored three times, Hilsabeck hit twice for points, Walkup scored with an ace, got a kill and teamed with Buikema on a successful block. Montrose regained the lead but Buikema responded with a tip from outside. Walkup scored from outside and a Montrose hitting error resulted in a 20-19 Pagosa lead.

A serve error gave the Indians another point but the Pirates put four consecutive points on the board. Walkup converted a backset from Kelley, Hilsabeck put two balls down for points and Buikema killed inside the block.

The Indians made it a close match, unveiling a quick attack off the short set that would later prove the Pirates' undoing and getting two points on blocks. Walkup shook off an Indian block and came back on the next play to convert from the middle and end the game.

The Pirates needed one more game to take the match.

They didn't get it, in part due to an inability to block effectively and to stop the attack off the short set.

Pagosa saw its last lead at 8-7. From there, the Indians began to put balls inside and through the Pirate block and Pagosa had to play catch-up. Buikema played a key role in the Pirate offense, scoring with blocks, two aces and two kills. Forrest got points with a kill and a tip; Faber hit for a point as did Kelley and Walkup and the Pirates got to within 23-21, but could not overtake Montrose.

The Pirates got a good start in the fifth and deciding game, played to 15. With a 5-2 advantage courtesy three kills by Walkup, Pagosa was in a good position to secure the win. But, the Indians' quick attack came to the fore and, with the addition of a series of Pagosa miscues, Montrose went ahead 9-8.

Kelley responded with a kill from the middle and a Montrose receive error put the Pirates back in front 10-9. It was the last time the Pirates would lead.

A Pirate serve mistake gave the Indians a point and a hitting error put the Indians in front 11-10. Kelley hit an off-speed shot off the block and the teams were tied.

For the last time.

The quick attack succeeded again for Montrose and two Pagosa errors gave away points. Walkup and Buikema teamed up to score with a block but the short set went up again on the Indians' side of the net, the ball went to the floor and game and match were over.

"Montrose had some decent attacks and some decent blocks," said Hamilton. "I thought we played well and that fifth game started the way I wanted; but the little things crept up on us and we couldn't finish the job. It was a good experience in one way, though: I told the girls we can't use missing players as an excuse. You never know what might happen in the next two weeks (at district and regional tournaments). You never can anticipate injuries, You have to adjust and play with who you put out there."

The first match for Pagosa at the District 1 tournament is Friday when the Pirates meet Bayfield at the Southern Ute Events Center in Ignacio. The match has a scheduled start time of 5:30 p.m.

The Pirates face Ignacio and Centauri Saturday at the events Center. The Ignacio match begins at 10:30 a.m. and the contest with Centauri is set to start at 1:30 p.m.


Kills/attacks: Walkup 14-30, Forrest 11-30, Buikema 11-35, Hilsabeck 7-22

Ace serves: Buikema 2, Walkup 1

Solo blocks: Walkup 5, Buikema 3

Assists: Kelley 29, Walkup 21

Digs: Forrest 15, Hilsabeck 12, Kelley 12



Pirates beat Olathe to end regular season

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

A 3-0 win over 3A Olathe in a non-league match Oct. 23 ended the regular season for the Pirate volleyball team.

The Pirates finished with a 14-5 overall record, 8-0 in Intermountain League play.

Olathe fielded a marginal team and Pagosa made several efforts to play down to the level of the competition, in particular during the first game of the match.

Action began as senior Lori Walkup scored with a kill; junior Caitlin Forrest (in her best outing on offense this season) got a point with a cross-court kill; junior Liza Kelley put a ball out off an Olathe block; junior Kari Faber demolished an errant Olathe pass and Kelley put yet another ball the floor. The Pirates had what seemed a comfortable 7-3 lead.

Sloppy defensive play, however, gave up two of three points to Olathe and the healthy Pirate lead evaporated to 7-6. Two successful attacks, the second by Faber gave the team some room but, immediately, the Pirates gave away two points to the opponent with passing and serve-receive errors.

That's how it stayed, a back-and-forth affair with the Pirates surrendering points on miscues.

Junior Emily Buikema scored from the middle and Walkup and Forrest got a point with a block. Olathe scored three points on Pirate mistakes. The teams tied at 20-20 and 22-22 in a circus of errors.

Olathe was the first to blink, with a serve hit out of bounds. Forrest then stepped up to put an Olathe overpass to the floor. Not content to win, Pagosa gave Olathe a 23rd point before Forrest ended the game, giving her team the 25-23 victory with a cross-court kill.

With help from kills by Buikema and Walkup, the Pirates forged a 6-1 lead to start the second game.

Olathe scored twice and Buikema responded with a kill. Two Pirate errors gave the opponents points but Forrest connected to score and return serve to Pagosa. By the end of a nine-point run, Forrest would account for five of the points with attacks from the middle. Forrest combined with Kelley for two more points on blocks; Pagosa led 16-5 and there was no looking back.

Olathe managed sporadic points as Pagosa shot to the win. On the way to the 25-12 victory, the Pirates got points on a kill and an ace by Kelley, an ace by Forrest, a block by Walkup and Buikema and two kills by Walkup.

Olathe had two leads in the third and final game - a 25-14 Pirate win.

Olathe went ahead 1-0, then led 3-1. Forrest put an end to the trend with a kill from outside, Olathe gave up three points with errors and Forrest roared back with a kill from the middle.

Getting another two kills from Forrest, a point from Kelley in the middle, a solo block from Walkup and a kill from Buikema, Pagosa was in front 15-11.

Walkup pounded the ball to the floor and scored again with a block. Olathe got a point on a lift but gave up a point with a hitting error. Pagosa was ahead 18-12.

Walkup made a great approach took a perfect set from Kelley on the outside and fired a heat-seeker down the line; Forrest scored with an off-speed shot and Olathe gave up another point with a hitting error. The teams traded points with mistakes before Walkup annihilated another ball from the outside.

Olathe gave Pagosa a 24th point with a hitting error and Jennifer Hilsabeck ended the game and match with an unreturnable serve.

"We won," said Pirate coach Penné Hamilton. "It wasn't pretty. We played to their level and didn't play our game. We will need to correct that at the district tournament."

That tournament starts tomorrow, Oct. 29, at the Southern Ute Events Center at Ignacio.

Pagosa plays Bayfield Friday at 5:30 p.m. following a match pitting Ignacio against Centauri.

The Pirates meet Ignacio at 10:30 a.m. Saturday, then play Centauri at noon. The two top teams coming out of district action advance to regional play the following weekend.


Kills/attacks: Forrest 13-25, Walkup 7-21, Buikema 5-13

Ace serves: Forrest 2

Solo blocks: Walkup 4, Forrest 2

Assists: Kelley 18, Walkup 12

Digs: Walkup 11, Hilsabeck 6



Pirate, Holy Family soccer teams vie again for Elite 8

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

For the second consecutive season the Tigers of Holy Family High School in Broomfield will travel to Pagosa Springs Saturday to play for Class 3A prep soccer's version of the Elite 8.

Holy Family is from the powerful Metro League and Pagosa Springs competes in the Southwest Mountain League.

The same two teams met in the same format last year, a Sweet 16 playoff game in Pagosa Springs.

It was a close battle, scoreless at halftime, with Holy Family winning 3-1.

Pagosans prefer to think of this game as rematch, a second chance against the Front Range, and look for a different conclusion.

And though the cast is different, with two of the most prolific scorers in Colorado Class 3A history - Holy Family's Kyle Anderson and Pagosa's Kyle Sanders - gone to graduation, there are still major offensive threats on each side for the state playoff game scheduled to begin at noon in Golden Peaks Stadium.

Pagosa would like nothing better than to take a trip of its own for an Elite 8 contest against whichever other team advances in the bracket.

How did the same two teams end up in the same site for a similar chance to advance?

For Pagosa it was a stout defense which limited Southwest Mountain League opponents to just 12 goals and gave it a one-goal margin over Crested Butte, with whom the Pirates were tied for the league title. Each of those teams defeated the other 3-2 in overtime on the opponents' home field.

For Holy Family, a preliminary playoff game was necessary and they beat Ridgway, the No. 4 team out of the Southwest Mountain League, 8-1 to advance. Pagosa had defeated Ridgway 3-1 and 6-1 in league competition.

In seeding action Sunday, Pagosa drew the No. 8 seed and Holy Family got No. 9. Crested Butte and Pagosa each drew first-round byes. The Titans drew the No. 11 seed and will play No. 6, Colorado Springs Christian, in Colorado Springs.

The Golden Peaks contest should again feature a matchup of the key scorers in conference runs.

The Tigers from Broomfield are paced by Kyle Addy with 17 goals and four assists on the season and Tyler Sullivan, with 12 goals and five assists. No other Tiger had more than four goals (John Villeco) but 15 of them scored during the season.

Pagosa was paced during the season by senior Moe Webb (23 goals and 11 assists) and his sophomore brother, Shan (16 goals and 4 assists).

Pagosa's season record of 10-5 included early season losses to two teams in the playoffs, second ranked Basalt (13-1-1) and Roaring Fork (6-8-2), the 16th seed and only team in the finals with a losing record.

Holy Family lost to third-ranked Salida 2-1, to Peak-to-Peak (11-4-1) of Lafayette 1-0 and to undefeated (15-0) and top-ranked Faith Christian, 2-1. They also played to ties with Kent Denver (1-1) in the playoffs with the No. 10 seed (an 8-3-5 record) and with Denver Christian, in at No. 5 with a 9-4-2 record.

Pagosa opened the season with five consecutive losses before going on a 10-0 winning streak.

In four of the five setbacks 5-1 to Manitou Springs the No. 13 seed at 11-5-0, Roaring Fork, Basalt and Crested Butte, the Pirates were without starting keeper Caleb Forrest.

He did play in the 3-1 loss to Class 4A Cortez, stopping 23 of 26 shots. But in the same game, the Pirates lost starting junior midfielder Chris Baum for five games with a severe leg injury.

Holy Family keeper Justin O'Hayre has played 1,165 minutes in goal this season, making 119 saves in 12 games. Pirate keepers have recorded 80 saves (56 by Forrest in 683 minutes; 23 by sophomore Josh Stuckwish in 165 minutes; and one by freshman Felix Gutierez in four minutes action).

Ten Pirates, in addition to the Webb brothers, have scored goals and 14 Pirates have recorded assists.

Sophomore Caleb Ormonde had four goals and four assists; senior Keagan Smith checked in with three goals and three assists; freshman Kevin Blue with three of each; junior Paul Muirhead with two and four; freshman Derek Monks, one and one; Korean exchange student Chi Hoon Lee with one and one; Chris Nobles with one and one; Baum one and three; Gill, four assists; senior Jesse Morris with four assists; freshman Thomas Martinez with one and one; and Gutierez with an assist.

Defense is a key for both teams with Pagosa's Levi Gill recognized throughout the region as one of the top sweepers in the state and Holy Family featuring a stout midfield defense allowing few patterned attacks into the offensive zone.

Teams in the Sweet 16 other than those already mentioned include Alexander Dawson (12-2-1) with the No. 4 seed; Vail Mountain (7-3-3) No. 12; Colorado Academy (9-6-1), No. 14; Colorado Springs Christian (11-3-1) No. 6; and James Irwin (8-5-2) No. 15.

Last year's Pagosa Springs-Holy Family contest was a scoreless fray at the half under nearly ideal fall weather conditions in Pagosa. Pirate fans hope for more of the same, with a different final outcome.



Pagosa Sting U11 team wins Durango tourney

The Pagosa Sting Soccer Club took five teams to the annual Copa del Sol tournament in Durango Oct. 16 and came home with one championship.

The Pagosa U11 team won its division against nine other squads, going undefeated while winning games 6-2, 7-1 and 9-2, and 1-0 over Telluride in the championship contest.

Also representing Pagosa were U13 and U14 boys teams and U12 and U18 girls squads.

Each team played several games throughout the single-day competition which featured over 100 teams from throughout the region.

The tournament format allowed each team to have six players for competition in four-on-four action with two subs available.

Members of the championship Pagosa squad were Will Brown, Riley Searle, Sullivan Smith, Kain Lucero, Brandon Church and Ryder Searle.


Parks & Rec

Park and rec board devotes many hours to our programs

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

The parks and recreation board attempts to meet the third Wednesday of each month.

On the board are the following faithful: David Hamilton, appointed in 1995; Ming Steen, appointed 1995, John (JP) Perea appointed 1993; Brian Smith, appointed 2000; Scott Miller, appointed 2001; Matt Aragon, appointed 2003; and Kahle Charles, appointed 2004.

Each member is dedicated to the development of all recreational and special events, and to all park improvements that occur through the year.

We depend on their opinions and insight on many issues, prior to the town council voting on approval for the bigger projects.

It is their dedication to the children and the taxpayers that we must notice, and we thank them for such dedication. J.P., David and Ming are at or approaching 10 years of service on this board. Thank you for your dedication. Your vision and support of a growing community, with growing needs is greatly appreciated and generally goes unnoticed by the public.

Anyone wishing to get on the agenda for a board meeting with concerns or questions must do so by calling me by the second Wednesday of the month in order to be on the agenda for that particular month. Call 264-4151, Ext. 231.


The 7-8-year-old basketball registration deadline has come and gone.

Anyone wishing to put their child on a team from this point on will be put on a waiting list.

As of today, over 50 young athletes have signed up. We are looking for a great season, one that should end by mid-December.

This has worked out great for us, utilizing the community center gym with adjustable rims, and getting kids in and out of games at decent times.

We start our older kids draft in early December, and the annual Elks Hoop Shoot and practices are scheduled during the Christmas holiday.

We hit the games schedule hard for the older kids in January and February, winding down the youth leagues with a final tournament. The basketball leagues are for kids in sixth grade and below, this because the school system offers basketball to girls and boys in higher grades.


We are in the final two months of waiting to see if we are lucky enough to receive grants we applied for with Colorado State Trails (GoCo) funds used specifically on trails, and a Colorado Trust (GoCo) grant for capitol improvements.

In our case we plan to finish Phase 1 which would include irrigation and all utilities to our new sports complex.

We could also have a regulation soccer field in place for the 2006 summer-fall seasons.

So, keep your fingers crossed. These two grants can jump-start us in the direction we need to go in order to facilitate a growing population and its recreational needs.


Get ready! You are about to become a coach

By Myles Gabel

SUN Columnist

Remember this day?

Your son or daughter is in first grade and all of their friends are signing up to play (enter sport here) in the local recreation league, so you have to sign them up.

At the bottom of the registration form it asks the parent, "Would you like to coach?" and of course you put "No" as your answer.

As you are turning it in, you think about it again and then write in at the bottom of the page, "If you can't find anyone else, call me."

The rest is history. Of course, you get the call, as some of you will be getting a call from me, and guess what, you are the coach.

So, now that you are committed to coaching, what do you do next?

You got yourself into this mess, now let me see if I can help you through it.

First of all, believe me - for the most part you are in for a great time. Also, you do know more than most first-graders about your sport.

Here are some hints or things to get you started.

1. Get name badges or create name games to help you stop calling kids "hey you" or "Tiger."

2. Equipment (we supply).

3. Have loads of patience.

4. Have a clipboard with paper on it (makes you look official).

5. No plaids in your wardrobe!

6. Find a great Team Mom/Dad (to keep you and your team organized).

7. Have fun!

As we start another season of youth sports, in this case basketball, I sit wondering where I will find the next Phil Jackson or Larry Brown in our midst.

Get ready, it may be you.

Volleyball leagues

We are still accepting teams for four-on-four volleyball.

Where are all the volleyball players in Pagosa Springs? Put your teams together now for the upcoming season. Put your teams together and contact the Recreation office today!

Youth basketball leagues

Sign ups for 9-10 and 11-12 youth basketball will begin Nov. 1 and continue through Nov. 26. Basketball skills assessment day will be Dec. 4 with the Elks Club Shootout Dec. 11. Practices will begin Dec. 13 with games beginning Jan. 4. Sign up today.

Hiring officials

The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department continues to seek individuals interested in officiating soccer, basketball, volleyball and baseball. High school students may apply. Compensation is $10-$25 per game depending on age group and experience.

For any questions or additional information concerning any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, please contact: Myles Gabel, recreation supervisor, at 264-4151, Ext. 232, or 946-2810 Monday through Friday 1-5 p.m.



Stay close to home

One of the purposes of editorial comment is to express ideas that lay a foundation for debate, so we'll make a call here, first for a measure of humility and, second, for participation. We'll begin with reference to the recent uproar over a proposed development on the east side of Wolf Creek Pass, the Village at Wolf Creek.

A check of letters to the editor printed here last week and today finds opinions against the proposed Village. While, no doubt, there are those who favor this and similar projects, most have not written. Some of the letters opposing the project have an edge to them, a harsh and arbitrary tone.

Here is our call to strident opponents of development, for humility. We believe it can be shown that Colorado reached a point in the early '70s, where population growth and attendant development began to take a negative toll on what is a relatively fragile environment. If you moved to the state since, say, 1972, you are part of the problem you rail against.

If you are intensely concerned about the environment, you need to realize the fact of your relocation contradicts your concern to some degree; if you cared that much, you would not have come. In a small way, you are the proposed development in Mineral County. Chances are good you live in a home built on what was, and will never again be, ranch or agricultural property. You consume limited resources; your presence in these beautiful mountains is, in some ways, a negative one.

This is not to say opposition to certain types of development is wrong; it is to suggest a modicum of humility is called for when opposition is voiced.

To go to the second, related point - one we have made before -perhaps more good can be done if attention is turned to our own back yard, to positive efforts to improve the overall physical, economic and cultural environment in Pagosa Country.

There are moves underway here that can be supported and there are processes that require immediate participation.

Currently, the Community Vision Council is attempting in part to revitalize, refurbish, expand and improve the commercial environment in Pagosa Springs. Given that change occurs in concert with respect for the traditional town community, this could be of great advantage to everyone. Visitors are key to a flourishing Pagosa; a cohesive, efficient and aesthetic commercial environment will attract them and be of tremendous benefit to residents as well, providing more commercial options and an greater job market. The transformation of the downtown area is an essential step for this community.

There is an opportunity at hand as well to make positive contributions to the future of Archuleta County. Perhaps more energy should go to this endeavor than to a fight against a development in Mineral County.

Citizens have the opportunity to make their opinions known regarding the type of land use regulations that will shape the district in which they live, one of five in the county, by filling out a survey due back to the planning office by Nov. 5. Not enough people have responded thus far.

The survey is available on the county Web site - www.archuletacounty.org - and in hard copy at numerous locations. The survey will provide information to aid in creation of customized performance criteria for the evaluation of future development proposals in each district. A survey workshop is set for 7 p.m. tonight, Oct. 28, at the Extension building.

Worried about the impact of growth on the environment? Make a difference close to home. Oppose a development elsewhere if you must, do it with some grace, then turn your eyes back to Pagosa Country. Complete a survey by Nov. 5 and have your opinions about the future of your own county taken seriously by officials who want to hear from you.

Karl Isberg

Pacing Pagosa

No, you can't buy my vote

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

I've tried, really I have.

This column has not been a bully pulpit for political aspirations and I have intentionally kept away from making statements aimed at one party or one candidate against the opponent.

But I have come to the conclusion there is no real election for Colorado this year. Oh, sure, there are candidates on the ballot and they have nastily ridiculed their opponents at every level.

In fact, if you were to believe even half of the accusations made in the ongoing flood of vitriolic political attacks you'd have to conclude every person on the ballot who faces opposition is a ne'er-do-well who should be arrested and locked away for all the things he or she allegedly has done.

Now I've interviewed many of these candidates and they did not come across that way in person. People like Greg Walcher and John Salazar running for the 3rd Congressional District seat in Congress each showed distinct feeling for their constituents and their needs when interviewed here.

Similarly, Ken Salazar and Pete Coors - who seek the U.S. Senate seat opened in Colorado by the decision of Ignacio's Ben Nighthorse Campbell not to seek reelection - made important points when interviewed by this newspaper.

But if you were to accept at face value every charge made in their TV political ads, you'd be forced to call for their arrest as the worst violators in the history of water pollution.

Coors says Salazar was responsible for the Summitville spill fiasco; Salazar's ads say Coors beer tastes great but his history of pollution of waterways from the brewery in Golden is unmatched.

In the House race, Walcher says John Salazar wants to raise every tax known to man and a telephone campaign to Pagosans - apparently based in California - is trying to capitalize on that assertion. And talk about water pollution, John Salazar's ads on radio refer to "Water Grab Walcher" calling him "the man who tried to sell Western slope water to the metro area and leave us high and dry."

Last Thursday the big city press said the National Republican Congressional Committee outspent its Democratic counterpart nearly 3-1 in the House race in just two weeks. NRCC had pumped $1.55 million into the Walcher campaign directly and another $1.3 million into "other" opposition to Salazar.

Sounds to me as if Coloradans like ourselves are not considered capable of voting for the candidate we want without influence of out-of-state special interests.

Still, I might not have written this had it not been for mail I received Thursday - from Alexandria, Va., and postmarked in Pennsylvania.

Labeled on the outside: "Important Tax Bill Notice Enclosed", it was from an organization calling itself Americans for Job Security. Inside it accused Ken Salazar of costing Colorado taxpayers $180 million plus for failing to get a better settlement for the Summitville cyanide spill cleanup, accusing him of arranging a "sweetheart deal" with a foreign millionaire and saying he's not good for Colorado.

Who's trying to buy what, here?



90 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era files of Oct. 30, 1914

P.C. Crowley, Republican candidate for county commissioner, is a ranchman-stockman of the Navajo, being a comparatively young man, active and energetic, and thoroughly in harmony with the spirit of progress. Although Mr. Crowley has never been a candidate before, he has always taken an active interest in public affairs and is well informed regarding the financial status of the county. His one hobby outside of his personal affairs is good roads, and should he be elected he will be found bettering the highways in every part of the county, and particularly those parts in the outlying districts that have heretofore received the least attention. Mr. Crowley is a thorough businessman and will take business methods with him into the conduct of the county's business.


75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Nov. 1, 1929

These snappy, cold mornings are reminders for every resident to be on his guard to prevent the danger of fire to his home or business property.

Though the weather was bad, a large crowd of youngsters attended the carnival party given at Carlsbad Lodge last evening by the Women's Civic Club, and about $30 was cleared for the use of the public library.

The carnival dance at the Odd Fellows Hall Saturday night, which was sponsored by the Women's Civic Club, was a financial and social success, the club clearing $54.30 for the use of the public library. As a result several new books will be on the shelves for the benefit of patrons.


50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Oct. 29, 1954

The 1954 big game hunting season will close this weekend with the kill down somewhat from previous years. This is due mostly to the fact that the weather has been nice and warm with no snow until Sunday night. The game has remained scattered and hunting has been difficult due to the dryness. There were more animals killed here than last year but there were also more hunters.

With the end of the big game season, duck season starts November 1 here in this area and it promises to be good hunting for the first few days. The cottontail rabbit season opens at the same time and it also promises to be good this year. There is not a pheasant season in this vicinity during 1954 due to the scarcity of the birds.


25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Nov 1, 1979

The Fern Hott family has had the bell from the old Methodist Church mounted and a bronze plaque placed on the stonework supporting the bell in memory of Belle and Jule Macht and Dailey Hott. Mr. and Mrs. Macht were the father and mother of Mrs. Hott and Dailey was her husband. The bell has had a colorful history, being first hung in the Methodist Church when it was rebuilt after a fire in 1907. The first bell was faulty and was replaced by a new one the following year that called the faithful to worship until 1968 when the new Methodist Church was built. The Hotts and Machts were instrumental in building both churches with Mr. and Mrs. Jule Macht assisting in the first Methodist Church construction.



Health Care Counselors

Volunteers help seniors with Medicare questions

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

It's Monday at the Silver Foxes Den in Pagosa Springs. Lunch is served. The bus comes and goes. And seated around a small card table in the lounge are three people with thick binders.

Against their chairs are additional thick black bags with more resources and forms to fill out.

They are counselors. Volunteers. Only they don't help with relationships, mental health problems or schoolwork. These counselors focus on health care. They are SHIPS - Senior Health Insurance Assistance Program counselors - and their main focus is helping sort out Medicare questions.

Nedra Banton, Patti Stewart and Harold Morrison are the current counselors. Their regular hours are 11 a.m.-1 p.m. Mondays at the senior center on Hot Springs Boulevard. During that time, they attempt to answer any and all questions people may have regarding Medicare or at least direct people to the source of answers.

Lately, they have been strongly encouraging people to sign up for a Medicare-approved drug discount card program and a $600 drug credit available for low-income clients over the next two years.

Incomes for some seniors in Archuleta County are so low and the cost of prescriptions is so high, Banton said, the boost of a $600 credit on prescriptions could really make a difference.

The $600 credit is being offered for both 2004 and 2005 to people who meet income level requirements, Banton said, but in order to receive the credit, people must sign up for the program by Dec. 31, 2004. After that, only 2005 monies will be available. Any monies unused in 2004 can be rolled over, an added bonus, she said.

And people already accepted for 2004 are not required to reapply.

"If you're enrolled in the 2004 drug credit, you automatically get another $600 drug credit for 2005," Stewart said. In most cases, the program also does not interfere with other low-income assistance - unless of course that assistance includes prescription drug coverage.

Medicare-approved drug cards are another big item, Stewart and Banton said. About 30 such cards are now available. All have an annual fee ranging from about $15 to a maximum of $30.

The card needed depends on the drugs covered by a particular company and the pharmacies accepting the cards. Prices are based on a discounted drug price. A client generally pays 5 or 10 percent copay, depending on income, then the balance of the discounted drug price is subtracted from the $600 drug credit. The drug card sponsor tracks the remaining balance.

All three counselors urged people to be careful of fraudulent companies who may try to pass off drug cards with monthly fees or other fees.

"They need to look for the Medicare-approved symbol," Morrison said.

Some people, such as those receiving Medicaid, may receive their prescription drug card and credit automatically via mail. However, in order to activate the benefits without being charged an enrollment fee, the client must dial an 800 number listed on the card prior to a deadline.

"People need to call the 800 number to activate the card, or bring it to us to help them. They should never ignore it."

Filling out the forms to receive these benefits takes just a few minutes. In fact, the drug credit form is a single page.

"We are thrilled to death to help anyone," Stewart said.

Of the eight people who approached Banton, Stewart and Morrison Oct. 25, most were interested in the prescription drug credit or cards. Others wanted more general information, such as how to get enrolled in Medicare, when to start applying and where to go for more information. One man simply listened.

Banton said sometimes people will just come for the forms, others will want help filling them out and still more will need help with bills or claims.

"People will go to a doctor or hospital for treatment, get their forms back from Medicare and insurance companies and then they can't tell who's paid what," Banton said.

Others will have claims denied. Sometimes, just checking a few key items on the bill can clear those things up, Morrison said, giving the example of one of his own claims which was initially denied because someone had written down his social security number wrong.

All three counselors have been involved in the program for six to eight months - ever since Musetta Wollenweber put out a call for volunteers. She said the program has been in place for about three years.

Other good resources for information on Medicare benefits are medicare.gov online or 1-800-MEDICARE, the counselors said. Medicare is operated through the social security administration. To further promote the prescription drug credit and cards, Banton, Steward and Morrison will be at the senior center all day on Nov. 22 and Dec. 6 to help people sign up. Meanwhile, they will keep their normal Monday hours, 11 a.m.-1 p.m. During that time, at least one of the three is always available.

Anyone wanting assistance filling out a form for a prescription drug card or the $600 credit should come with a list of their prescriptions, plus the names of the companies that make the drugs and any current insurance cards, including their Medicare care and supplementary insurance, Banton said. People must also know their annual income in order to determine eligibility.


Pagosa's Past

Old Spanish Trail passed through Pagosa Country

By John M. Motter

SUN Columnist

Spain, and later Mexico, encouraged pioneer expansion of their territory by issuing land grants. The grants were normally issued to a principal leader able to command a significant following. The new grant could be privately owned by the leader or publicly owned by everyone living there.

Generally, the settlement involved a core community surrounded by concentric rings of crop land, grazing land, and community land used for wood cutting and other purposes. As with Anglo-American settlers moving westward from the east coast, the settlers felt they had a God-given right to hunt, cut wood and in other ways use public land. A carryover of this attitude remains today. After U.S. takeover of New Mexico, the grant charters were reviewed by a U.S. appointed task force. Some were approved and some weren't.

The only land grant with land in Archuleta County was the Tierra Amarilla grant which stretched into the southeastern part of the county. Remnants of that grant remain as the Hughes properties located at the head of the Navajo River east of Chromo.

As we reported last week, as finally issued, the T.A. grant was approved by the Mexican government as a community grant in 1832. The T.A. grant subsequently splintered, but has been the subject of many lawsuits down through the years brought by those claiming the T.A. lands were stolen from their rightful owners. Many Hispanics living in Pagosa Country number themselves among those who feel they were wronged by losing control of the T.A. grant.

In any case, land grants were used to encourage settlement of the Chama River valley and that settlement had reached what was to become the New Mexico/Colorado border by the time Anglos were ready to settle in Pagosa Country. The economic hub and gateway of the Chama River valley was Abiquiu. Annually, trading parties left Abiquiu enroute to California, or in the other direction, to Chihuahua in Mexico. Each year, ox carts assembled near Alcalde to travel for six weeks on the southward journey. Six weeks later, in December, they reached Chihuahua in time for the annual trade fair. The main exports from Abiquiu were fine dressed hides, Indian blankets, piñon nuts, and dried buffalo and deer meat.

Those traveling the Old Spanish Trail to California left in the fall and returned the next spring. A major branch of that route, moved northwesterly through Pagosa Country, then southwesterly to the then sleepy Spanish village of Los Angeles. The same trade items were carried to California as to Mexico. On the return trip from California, horses and human slaves were most valuable trade items.

Some of the men who followed the trade routes to Chihuahua and California settled at the far end of the trail. They married and in some instances, their children and grandchildren returned to New Mexico. This explains why some of the Lucero, Lopez, Quintana, Salazar, Martínez, and other lineages in the San Juan Basin today are descendants of Abiquiu people who had gone to California or Mexico for a generation or two. When their descendants returned to New Mexico, they sought out relatives who had moved to the San Juan Basin by that time.

Meanwhile, the Chama River Valley settlers lived under constant threat of attack by Indians. Navajo hostilities which began with the 19th century affected the lower valley severely. During the winter of 1804-1805, a Col. Antonio Narbona led a campaign deep into Navajo territory which resulted in the massacre of Navajo women and children in Cañon de Chelly. Continued warfare increased the demands for a militia. At the same time, Navajos and Utes began to come together in common outrage over the harsh policies of the Spanish government. When the Mexican government took over, the policies became even harsher.

Utes also raided settlements on the northern border during the 1830s. The first heavy casualties occurred in 1844. At that time, a Ute delegation went to Santa Fe, escorted by Capt. José Francisco Vigil and Lt. José María Chávez, to negotiate with the governor for payment for the murder of several tribesmen. The Utes were also incensed because their annual gifts provided by the government to keep the peace had not been delivered. Gov. Mariano Martínez de Lejanza, an appointee from Mexico, was as suspicious of the Utes as they were of him and had soldiers stationed behind a drapery. At the first perceived Ute threat, he drew his sword, called the soldiers out of hiding, and had 11 Ute leaders killed in the palace and the plaza.

The Utes fought their way back to their encampment on the Vega de Reaño above Abiquiu. In their fury, they killed people they met on the way. At Tierra Azul they killed three Vigil men and wounded a fourth. Among the slain was Capt. Vigil of their escort to Santa Fe. The former alcalde of Abiquiu, Miguel F. Quintana, went to the Ute encampment with his brother Juan Cristobal, thinking that out of years of friendship the Utes would listen to them. The Utes killed the two men on the spot.

More next week on settlement of the Chama River Valley, a prelude to settlement of Pagosa Country. Information for this series of articles is taken from "Pobladores" by Frances Leon Quintana.



Date High Low Precip
Depth Moisture











































Forecast: wet, then 'dry but cold' by weekend

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Wave goodbye to benign autumn weather.

According to the latest forecasts, last week's rain, plunging temperatures and high-elevation snow probably marked the beginning of a trend toward winterlike weather across Pagosa Country.

And with the approach of another low-pressure system from the west, the wet-weather pattern is likely to continue through at least tomorrow morning.

"This system is expected to have the greatest impact at elevations above 10,000 feet in the San Juan Mountains," said David Nadler, a forecaster with the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction.

"But by Friday morning, snow levels could drop to around 7,000 feet, but the system will be drying out a bit by then, so we don't expect much in the way of accumulations," added Nadler.

"By Friday afternoon, showers should taper off and the chance for rain overnight will drop significantly," said Nadler.

"Then expect mainly dry but cold conditions for the weekend," concluded Nadler.

According to Nadler, early morning rain today should be replaced by gusty conditions and a frigid mix of rain and light snow after midnight.

High temperatures should hit the mid-50s, while lows are expected to drop into the 20s.

Friday calls for lingering morning showers, decreasing clouds in the afternoon, highs in the 50s and lows between 10 and 20 degrees.

The forecasts for Saturday and Sunday include a 20-percent chance for rain or snow showers, highs in the 45-55 range and lows from zero to the upper teens.

Monday's forecast predicts partly-cloudy skies, highs in the 40s and lows ranging from minus 5 to 10.

The forecast for election day Tuesday suggest a mix of clouds and sun, a slight chance for isolated showers, highs around 40 and lows in the teens.

The average high temperature recorded last week in Pagosa Springs was 50 degrees. The average low was 30. Moisture totals for the week amounted to just over six-tenths of an inch.

The Pagosa Ranger District rates the area fire danger as "low."

For updates on current fire danger and federal fire restrictions, call the Pagosa Ranger District office at 264-2268.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture describes regional drought conditions as "moderate."

San Juan River flow through town ranged from a low of about 140 cubic feet per second to a high of approximately 270 cubic feet per second last week.

The river's historic median flow for the week of Oct. 28 is roughly 75 cubic feet per second.


The Web Site contains material which is protected by international Copyright and trademark laws. No material may be copied, reproduced, republished, broadcast or distributed in any way or decompiled, except that you may download one copy of the Materials on any single computer for your personal, non-commercial home use only, provided you keep intact all copyright and other proprietary notices. On-line publication, Copyright 2004, The Pagosa Springs SUN. Web page design, Copyright 2004, The Pagosa Springs SUN, Inc.