October 14, 2004 
Front Page
Single, 4-hour flu shot clinic

slated Monday

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Administration of flu vaccine shots in Archuleta County by San Juan Basin Health Department has now been scheduled for a single clinic, 10 a.m.-2 p.m. Monday, Oct. 18.

The location will be Pagosa Springs Community Center, 451 Hot Springs Blvd. All other clinics announced last week are at least temporarily canceled.

Other medical facilities in Pagosa Springs apparently will not have flu vaccine any time soon.

A spokesperson at Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Clinic said it is on a waiting list for vaccine but has no assurance of receiving a supply; Pagosa Springs Family Medicine Center will not be receiving vaccine; Pagosa Women's Health and Wellness will not be giving shots this year.

On Oct. 5 the Centers for Disease Control and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices announced the loss of the Chiron flu vaccine.

The company indicated the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) in the United Kingdom, where Chiron's Fluvirin vaccine is produced, has suspended the company's license to manufacture Fluvirin in its Liverpool facility for three months, preventing any release of this vaccine for this influenza season.

This action will reduce by approximately one half the expected supply of flu shots available in the United States for the 2004-05 influenza season.

Dr. Ned Calonge, chief medical officer with CDPHE, said, "We are asking that those individuals who are not at high risk for the flu to forgo receiving their flu shots so that we can make certain that the vaccine goes to those who truly need it most."

Susie Kleckner of the Pagosa office of San Juan Basin Health, said, "We're hoping people will screen themselves out of the process so that those who need the vaccine most will be more likely to get it."

San Juan Basin Health Department, she said, is following the CDC guidelines for prioritizing who will receive available flu vaccine.

The following individuals are at the highest risk and can receive their flu shots at the community center clinic as long as the vaccine lasts Monday:

- All children aged 6-23 months of age;

- Adults aged 65 years of age and older;

- Persons aged 2-64 years with underlying chronic medical conditions;

- All women who will be pregnant during influenza season;

- Residents of nursing homes and long-term care facilities;

- Children 6 months-18 years of age on chronic aspirin therapy;

- Health-care workers with direct patient care; and

- Childcare providers and household contacts of children aged under 6 months.

Flu shots will be $20 with San Juan Basin Health Department billing Medicare Part B and Rocky Mountain HMO if cards are presented at the clinic.

Persons who are not included in one of the flu shot priority groups described are being asked to cooperate and forego vaccination.

Instead, San Juan Basin Health Department encourages the public to take other preventative measures to avoid getting the flu this year such as regular hand washing, covering your cough and staying home from work and school if you are sick.

If you contract the flu, the department urges, contact your healthcare provider to get a prescription for antiviral medications to reduce length of symptoms.

The Monday clinic is only for people at highest risk - people will be screened by medical professionals

The clinic will end when vaccine supply is exhausted, if that occurs before the scheduled final hour.

Pneumonia shots will not be given at the Monday clinic, but are available at regular immunization clinics 3-5 p.m. Wednesdays at the department's office at 502 S. 8th Street.

Cost is $35 and they, too, are covered under Medicare, Part B.


'Village' plan draws suit; developer sees 'high-end' clientele

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Controversial plans to establish an alpine community of thousands atop Wolf Creek Pass got a boost last week from the U.S. Forest Service.

While the official decision to approve or disapprove "The Village at Wolf Creek" will ultimately fall to Mineral County officials, a draft environmental impact statement released Friday indicates an application for access easements submitted to the Forest Service this spring by project developers will likely get a green light.

If it becomes reality, The Village at Wolf Creek will occupy roughly 290 acres of private land in the Alberta Park area, entirely within Mineral County and adjacent to Wolf Creek Ski Area.

The resulting community would include a maximum of 1,200 hotel rooms, 222,000 square feet of commercial space, 129 lots for single-family usage and 1,643 multifamily units.

The recently issued draft environmental impact statement, or "DEIS," addresses an application submitted by the project's funding entity, the Leavell-McCombs Joint Venture, requesting transportation and utility easements for the proposed development.

While other access easements already exist, the application focuses mainly on developers' preferred access point, a 250-foot strip of Forest Service land that separates the project site from U.S. 160.

The proposed site for the village was acquired in 1986 as the result of a controversial land swap between the Forest Service and Leavell Properties Inc., a corporation headed by Texas billionaire Red McCombs and the late Charles Leavell.

The DEIS outlines the history of the village project, including previous agreements reached with Wolf Creek Ski Corporation, and the methodology the Forest Service used to reach a preliminary decision to approve the Leavell-McCombs application.

Though several chapters in length, in summary the DEIS states the proposed action of the Forest Service "is to authorize the development and use of a road and utility corridors crossing (Forest Service) land to access the 287.5-acre private property for 'reasonable use and enjoyment' of the property."

Public comments sought

The Forest Service's decision is not final, however, and public comments on the findings in the DEIS will be accepted for a 45-day period subsequent to the DEIS issue date of Oct. 8.

Public meetings to present information and receive written comments on the DEIS will be held at the following times and locations:

- Tuesday, Oct. 26, 3 p.m.-7 p.m., Creede Community Center, Forest Service Road 503 No. 9;

- Wednesday, Oct. 27, 3 p.m.-7 p.m., South Fork Community Center, 0254 Colo. 49;

- Thursday, Oct. 28, 3 p.m.-7 p.m., Pagosa Springs Community Center, 451 Hot Springs Boulevard.

The DEIS is available for review on the Rio Grande National Forest Web site: www.fs.fed.us/r2/riogrande/planning/planning.htm.

Copies of the DEIS can be obtained from the following:

- Tetra Tech Inc., 5205 Leesburg Pike, Suite 1400, Falls Church, VA 22041;

- Divide Ranger District of the Rio Grande National Forest, 13308 West U.S. 160, Del Norte, CO 81132;

- Public Lands Center, 1803 West U.S. 160, Monte Visa, CO 8114 and;

- by contacting Bob Dalrymple at (719) 852-5941.

Written comments may be sent to Tetra Tech Inc., 5205 Leesburg Pike, Suite 1400, Falls Church, VA 22041. Comments may also be sent electronically to: comments-rocky-mountain-rio-grande@fs.fed.us or faxed to (703) 931-9222.

Finally, anyone who submits comments is encouraged to be specific, as Forest Service guidelines suggest "only those individuals or organizations who submit substantive comments during the comment period may file an appeal."

Decision spurs lawsuit

Upon its release, the Forest Service DEIS drew an immediate response from Colorado Wild, a Durango-based organization recognized for its role as an environmental watchdog.

Colorado Wild has been openly critical of the village proposal in the past, but its recent action takes efforts to quash the project to another level.

Citing "overwhelming public support to protect Wolf Creek Ski Area and its environs from billionaire Texas developer Red McCombs," Colorado Wild sued the Rio Grande National Forest in federal district court Friday for breach of contract.

The lawsuit centers on an agreement reached between the Forest Service and Colorado Wild in August 1999 outlining the basis for Colorado Wild dropping an appeal of Forest Service approval of a new lift (Alberta) and parking lot at Wolf Creek Ski Area.

"Our 1999 agreement requires the Forest Service to complete an environmental analysis and take public input prior to granting access for this massive development," said Jeff Berman, executive director for Colorado Wild.

In a March 11 letter to village developers, said Berman, the Forest Service violated the agreement by granting, as the letter states, "access to the property in connection with Leavell-McCombs continued site investigations and analysis" of the targeted site.

According to Stephen Harris, attorney for Colorado Wild, "The Forest Service grant of access on March 11 flatly contradicts the 1999 settlement agreement," leaving "no choice but to file suit to compel the Forest Service to rescind this illegal action."

Likewise, "To protect Wolf Creek Ski Area, the surrounding area and the public interest, we are demanding the Forest Service stand by its agreement," concluded Berman.

'A rising tide ...'

Bob Honts, a real estate developer from Austin, Texas, is chief executive officer and president of The Village at Wolf Creek Development Corporation.

In the past, Honts has said he believes nearby communities could benefit from the establishment of the village, stating, "A rising tide will lift all boats."

Honts echoed such sentiments Tuesday afternoon during a meeting with local business owners inside the Pagosa Springs Community Center.

After describing business partner Red McCombs as a "great philanthropist" and "the consummate entrepreneur," Honts told meeting attendees, "I think I'm doing you a good thing by bringing Red into this area."

With respect for the profit potential he believes the village could have on the region, "I see Pagosa Springs, South Fork ... the entire tri-county area as a Jackson Hole," said Honts.

Acknowledging that many disagree with his vision, "Change is always going to happen, but the key is that the changes be for good," said Honts, adding he is confident the village would have a positive impact on income levels and quality of life in surrounding communities.

The goal, said Honts, is to make the village a year-round attraction, "the premiere mountain-recreation village in the world," complete with timeshares, spa facilities and, eventually, a companion golf village and the possibility for a "university conference center."

In response to questions from Mark Garcia, town manager, regarding how the village might compete for tourist dollars with local businesses, Honts dismissed such concerns, stating the aim is "to bring in the type of people who, today, don't come to the area ... the higher-end skier who will fly in commercially or on their own planes."

In addition, Honts says the village could create 2,000-3,000 jobs during its 20- to 30-year proposed build-out scenario, as well as "a hundred or more joint venture" possibilities.

Village employees, said Honts, would more than likely reside in off-site "moderate-income housing" and be bused to and from the workplace.

In reply to a question posed by Fred Schmidt concerning possible negative impacts, "I think that the impact for Pagosa would be that there are three times more tourists coming into the tri-county area," added Honts.

"And we'll use every local resource we can," said Honts, indicating local contractors and other service providers would be included in the labor pool when initial construction begins.

Addressing further concerns the village may place the burden of additional housing, traffic, etc. on Pagosa Springs, "For every negative, there are two positives for Pagosa Springs, in my opinion," said Honts, before describing the village as an opportunity for "a tremendous interchange of money that isn't coming here today."

When asked by local businessman Bill Dawson how he foresees the establishment of "a mechanism for turning this into opportunities over here," Honts suggested the creation of "some type of entity to look at the whole area and study the possibilities."

Near meeting's end, "You can turn your back, and you can't stop the village, or you can get involved and together we can create the finest recreation area in the United States," said Honts.

Barring any legal snags, Honts said he anticipates Mineral County to give final approval to village plans "in early November," and believes construction could start next June, with a grand opening slated for Thanksgiving of 2006 or 2007.

Honts closed his comments by reiterating his belief that development of the village is not an "if" but a "when," concluding, "We're out of the woods, but we're still taking some arrows in the butt."


Health district budget hearing slated Nov. 16

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Since 2000, budgets for the Upper San Juan Health Service District have been nightmares.

Shortfalls, accounting errors, billing procedures, employee changeover and more than one restructuring process have done in budget fix after budget fix, leaving district directors counting pennies at the end of every year.

In fact, according to a draft budget worksheet, in two of the last four years, both in 2001 and 2004 projections, the district has finished in the hole by more than $200,000.

Whether or not the district will have to dip into a $50,000 line of credit extended by the Dr. Mary Fisher Foundation yet this year remains to be seen, business director Allen Hughes said at the district's regular meeting Tuesday night.

"It's going to be nip and tuck," Hughes said when asked about cash flow through the end of the year. The majority of the problem appears to be inherited from previous management which left over $150,000 in overdue bills. That number is now between $80-$75,000, Hughes said.

"If we didn't have those past bills, we'd be in great shape," he said.

He presented a draft 2005 budget that would cover not only operating expenses, but leave enough left over for reserves. So far, 2004 budget projections show no money left over for capital, Tabor or district reserve funds. Tabor reserves, required by law, have not been in place for four years. The capital reserve fund, which showed over $65,000 in 2001, according to the draft, was down to just over $1,000 in 2003 and is projected at nothing for 2004.

Projections for 2005 place $55,000 in a capital reserve fund, just under $52,000 in Tabor reserve and $38,345 in district reserve. Some of those reserve funds may have to be used to pay back the Foundation or a bank if lines of credit or a loan must be used to finish out the year, Hughes said.

Preliminary projections put 2005 gross revenues at about $2.3 million with $752,668.51 coming in from property taxes. Total adjustments are set at $427,866.80, and total labor costs are set at about $1.1 million.

All figures are preliminary. Copies of the budget are available at the district offices on North Pagosa Boulevard behind Fire Station 1 during regular business hours. Copies of the proposed budget are free to the public.

A budget hearing will be conducted at the regular meeting of the board of directors, Nov. 16 at 7 p.m. at Fire Station 1.


 Inside The Sun

Two state honors awarded PAWS

The Special District Association of Colorado (SDA), as part of it annual Outreach Awards Program, recently honored the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District with first place in the small district special projects category for the 2004 Low-Volume Toilet Rebate Program.

The district also received the first-place award for a small district in the Web site category.

SDA annually recognizes special districts that demonstrate outstanding leadership, dedication and service in reaching out to customers, through various types of media campaigns or special projects. The award was presented at the SDA annual awards luncheon, attended by more than 1,100 special district board members, managers and their spouses.

As a result of Colorado's current statewide drought, Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District implemented a rebate program for low-volume toilets. By using these low volume toilets the amount of waste water is reduced and stress on the systems is lessened.

The district worked with plumbers, plumbing suppliers and residents to come up with the 2004 Low-Volume Toilet Rebate Program. Residents of the district may go to an area plumber and exchange their traditional toilet for a low-volume one and receive credit on their water bill for doing so.

Viewed by the district as a part of a larger project of encouraging the residents of the district to be "water wise" the rebate program has been a huge success with plans in the works for a 2005 rebate program. For its efforts to deal with the drought, Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District receives the award for best special project by a small district.

As part of its continuing efforts to reduce water usage and increase awareness of conservation efforts and programs, the district developed a Web site where residents are able to keep up with drought conditions in an efficient manner. The district hired a web design firm to build the site, and after a crash course in Web site management the district has taken over maintenance of the site.

Residents may view water conservation information, rates and descriptions of various fees, as well as various other informative and timely items. Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District is SDA's first prize winner in the small district Web site category.


'Interim' labels dropped for health district business and EMS managers

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

After four and a half months at the helm of the Upper San Juan Health Service District's business operations, Allen Hughes gets to shorten his title.

He gets to drop the "interim."

After interviewing Hughes and two other candidates for the business manager position in open session Tuesday night, the district board went with the search committee's recommendation and hired Hughes on a unanimous vote.

Hughes, a paramedic with a bachelor of arts in organizational development and a master of science in management from Regis University in Denver, started June 7.

Prior to accepting the interim position in Pagosa, Hughes operated his own EMS consulting firm in Loveland. His background includes 20 years of managing emergency medical services in both the public and private sectors.

"I believe that my credentials and experience reflect progressive responsibility with documented success in leadership and finance management at various organizational levels," Hughes wrote in his application.

Dr. Jim Knoll, chair of the search committee said any of the three finalists would have been an excellent choice.

The search committee received 27 applications for the position. Eighteen who met all qualifications were reviewed and three finalists were interviewed. The three finalists were also interviewed by the board prior to receiving the recommendation of the search committee.

"I think this shows the process works," Knoll said. "I think you can see all of the candidates were capable of leading this district. I can't believe how much education and knowledge I've gained just by listening tonight."

After a short executive session, the board also took the interim label off Kathy Conway's title, making her the official EMS operations manager. Again, they followed the recommendations of the search committee.

Knoll said 12 applications for EMS operations manager were received following a regional search. Two were thrown out because the candidates did not meet qualifications stipulated and 10 were reviewed. Interviews were extended to three candidates, one of whom failed to show for the interview.

When asked if a decision should wait until the third candidate could be interviewed, Knoll said a lack of experience would probably have hurt that candidate's standing.

Board member Dick Blide added after a long conversation with the candidate it appeared the person was relieved not to have to interview.

Bob Scott, another board member asked why a candidate with so little experience made the top three.

"When we dropped to the salary range you gave us," Knoll said, "it narrowed dramatically the search parameters." In fact, he said, one candidate in the top three would have required double the suggested salary.

Brian Sinnott, EMS advisory committee chair, agreed the salary range offered by the district was below the market rate. "Anything west of this state you're going to be paying close to a six figure salary for an operations manager," he said.

Conway, a longtime employee of the district, received unanimous approval with one board member absent.


Commissioner candidates

plug their platform plans

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Three candidates targeting two seats on the Archuleta County Board of Commissioners addressed area voters during a general election forum this week.

The event was organized and sponsored by the League of Women Voters of Archuleta County and presented to an Extension building crowd of about 75.

Participating Tuesday night were candidates Robin Schiro, Nan Rowe and Ronnie Zaday.

Schiro and Rowe are vying for the District 1 board seat. Schiro, a Republican, defeated Republican incumbent Bill Downey in the Aug. 10 primary election to earn the right to face Rowe, an unaffiliated candidate.

Zaday defeated fellow Republican and incumbent Alden Ecker for the District 2 slot in the Aug. 10 primary, and since there is no unaffiliated or Democratic candidate on the general election ballot, in effect Zaday is running unopposed as commissioner-elect from District 2, needing just one vote Nov. 2 to secure her board seat.

Each candidate was given four minutes for introductory statements, with Zaday taking the podium first.

Zaday began by citing a 15-year career in the mortgage industry and telling attendees she resided in the Midwest and Southern California prior to becoming a full-time Pagosa resident in 1999.

Regarding her reason for entering the commissioners' race, Zaday stated she believes county has suffered under status quo conditions for far too long, saying she intends to add "energy and communication" to the everyday operations of the county.

Zaday concluded by acknowledging she needs only one vote to gain the District 2 seat, but told voters she would like to receive every vote available and invited residents to contact her with any questions or comments.

Schiro, a Colorado-licensed engineer who also holds a master's of business administration in management, was next to speak and cited past employment as county engineer for Archuleta and Lake counties as relevant experience.

Schiro also recounted extensive experience with road-maintenance issues, experience with a variety of grants and familiarity with the budgeting process gained while employed as a road and bridge supervisor.

A county resident since February 2003, Schiro described herself as "flexible with whatever is necessary," as well as "a team player," an outdoor enthusiast and a candidate who is detail-oriented.

"The ability to communicate effectively is a needed attribute at this level," concluded Schiro, adding she believes her past experience in dealing with administrative and elected officials further qualifies her for the role of commissioner.

Rowe spoke next, telling the crowd she believes growth has outpaced the county's ability to manage it during her nearly 10 years of residency in the county.

After recounting past experience as a House Budget Committee staff attorney, a lobbyist and involvement in drafting a variety of federal legislature, "I believe my broad legal and policy-making background qualifies me for the job of county commissioner," said Rowe.

Rowe said she entered the race "because Archuleta County is facing the greatest potential challenges in the near future that it has ever had to face."

If elected, her first priority, said Rowe, would be to complete and implement a countywide growth-management plan, including zoning and a comprehensive road plan.

Other goals listed by Rowe before she concluded her comments included her desire to have the county adopt Robert's Rules of Order, work more closely with the town and include the public on monetary decisions such as those made concerning county airport improvements.

A lengthy question-and-answer session followed, and one question from an audience member asked if the candidates support keeping "big box" development out of the community.

In response, "Are we talking about a Wal-Mart or a clothing store?" asked Zaday, indicating a definitive answer depends on the definition of "big box."

Zaday then suggested it would be a good idea to let the town's recently-created big box task force gather as much input and data as possible to evaluate the issue further.

"As the community grows, we will probably need to have more opportunities," said Zaday. "But do we need them right now - that's what we need to look at."

Implementing a form of zoning "to allow some of it into the community in small sizes" may be one solution, said Zaday.

"But these issues definitely need to be addressed in the near future," concluded Zaday.

Rowe replied next, stating she is "extremely skeptical" about big box development.

Recounting observations she made in her husband's home state of Arkansas, "There are a lot of downtown areas there that are just gone - turned into ghost towns," said Rowe, indicating the transformations happened after the establishment of local big box stores.

Echoing Zaday's comments, Rowe said she would need to have a concise definition of big box development before reaching a steadfast conclusion.

"But right now, if I had to vote, I would vote against it," she concluded.

"It would be easy to get turned in both directions, not knowing the definition," replied Schiro, adding she believes it is important to encourage residents to supply comments to the big box task force to gain insight.

"Otherwise, we can't know for sure what we will and won't accept as far as big box," said Schiro.

If big box development did get a green light, said Schiro, "I would encourage it to happen in an environmentally-safe and responsible way," said Schiro.

Schiro also stated she would expect big box stores to contribute to recreational projects, such as parks and new ball fields, if they became reality.

"How will we pay for road improvements?" was another question directed to candidates from the audience.

"First, we need to know how much it will cost," replied Zaday, indicating she believes a comprehensive itemization of current road-maintenance costs and future estimates would benefit the cause.

"Can I say it's not going to require a mill levy increase, and do I know what it will cost - no," said Zaday.

"But the first thing we need to do is make sure our data is accurate before we can make a decision," she concluded. "Until we get the information, there's not an answer, right now."

"I don't envision looking at a mill levy increase," responded Schiro.

"I think we need to track costs accurately and find out why things are costing so much, currently," she added.

Schiro indicated she believes all county roads, with a little financial tweaking, could be maintained to at least a minimal degree without going to the taxpayers for additional revenues.

"Citizens shouldn't have to pay more until they know where all their money is going right now," concluded Schiro.

"I wouldn't advocate a mill levy increase until we know for sure where we are in terms of cutting current costs," replied Rowe.

"But I don't know, exactly, what those costs would be," Rowe added.

Gathering as much cost and other relevant data as possible to reach a decision, said Rowe, should be the primary concern.

"But to start doing things like rearranging personnel and departments without data would be unrealistic," said Rowe, "like reorganizing the deck chairs on the Titanic."

After numerous other questions regarding topics such as the county airport, zoning and "visions for downtown Pagosa," the candidates gave closing statements.

Speaking first, Zaday began by thanking all involved with the forum, then reiterated she believes "it is important for me to get every vote."

Zaday concluded by telling the crowd she will make the most of her "role as a leader, get things done and keep the county moving in the right direction," and again invited the public to contact her with questions and comments.

Rowe began her close by stating she believes that with regard to gaining experience and knowledge necessary to serve as commissioner, "Living here close to a decade makes a difference, as opposed to living here a rather short time."

After asking attendees for their votes and thanking forum organizers for the opportunity to participate, "Pretty much, I think you know where I stand on the issues," concluded Rowe.

Schiro began her closing remarks by thanking attendees and the league as well, then stated her two main goals if elected commissioner would be to manage growth effectively and improve residents' quality of life.

Important aspects of her goals, said Schiro, would be a zoning plan, a detailed road plan and greater attention to law enforcement, social services and health care issues.

Schiro concluded by stating she believes all of her goals can be accomplished "through acceptable and efficient budgeting."

Early voting for Nov. 2 election begins Oct. 18

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

The Archuleta County Clerk's Office is reminding residents that early voting for the Nov. 2 general election begins Monday, Oct. 18.

The clerk's office has mailed or distributed at least 1,000 absentee ballots, and ballots can be cast in the clerk's office voting booth from Oct. 18 through 4 p.m. Oct 29.

The deadline for residents to request absentee ballots be mailed to them is Oct. 26; deadline for picking up absentee ballots in person at the clerk's office is Oct. 29.

All ballots must be returned to the clerk's office by 7 p.m. Nov. 2 in order to count toward this year's general election vote total.


One purse-snatching suspect surrenders; second still sought

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

A Texas woman received cuts and bruises when two teen-agers attempted to steal her purse in front of the Alco store Oct. 5.

According to an affidavit for arrest warrant filed in Archuleta County Court Oct. 8, Jonathan David Jackson and Garrett Nelson Forrest, both 18, are suspected of assaulting the 61-year-old woman.

Apparently, the woman was just stepping up on the curb outside the store when one of the men tackled her. The other man tried to take her purse off her arm. A friend was able to win a tug-of-war for the purse and the men ran off.

The attack sent the woman sprawling, knocking out a crown on her tooth and causing several cuts and bruises.

Arrest warrants for attempted robbery, conspiracy to commit robbery and third-degree assault were issued for both boys.

Forrest turned himself in to police Wednesday afternoon. The search for Jackson continues.

Anyone with information on the whereabouts of Jackson is asked to call 9-1-1 immediately. Pagosa Springs detective Scott Maxwell said citizens should not try to apprehend the suspect on their own.

Emergency design guidelines get road test

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The town's emergency design guidelines, enacted last month, got their first review Tuesday.

The Pagosa Springs Planning Commission, acting as the design review board, considered exterior colors on two buildings downtown - one on the highway and the other on Lewis Street.

Both were to be painted according to their current colors. One beige, the other cream. Both received unanimous approval.

Late in the meeting, commissioner Tracy Bunning asked if paint color would continue to be reviewed by the commission.

Tamra Allen, town planner, said the answer is yes as long as the interim design guidelines are in place.

The guidelines require all new buildings, building additions or alterations and site additions or alterations within the downtown area to meet certain criteria for building size, architectural elements, landscaping, site planning, vehicle access, screening and paint color.

Plans are reviewed by staff and members of the design review board. Appeals may be taken to the town council.

In other business, the commission reviewed a proposed agreement for future road improvements in Harman Park Subdivision.

Harman Park Subdivision is a planned 19-lot business development on approximately 50 acres at U.S. 160 and Harman Park Drive.

It has received final approval from the town, but a question of access remains. Allen said development regulations require subdivisions to have two access points. Harman Park is currently working to develop only one. A second planned access point had to be dropped because of restrictions due to topography on the west side of the property.

On the final plat, an easement has been made on the far east side of the development for eventual tie in at Majestic Boulevard. However, to complete that connection, right of way dedication from a different property owner is required.

The concern is who will pay for the improvements for a second access once those become feasible.

Both the board and Gus Gustafson, representing the property owners, briefly discussed a proposed agreement from the town attorneys that would require the current property owners to put up collateral to cover the improvements on a second access.

Allen said a specific time frame for how long the collateral would be held could be considered and asked for feedback.

Bunning asked if the intent should be to bind the current owner or future owners of the property - a complicated issue since no property owners association is planned for the development.

Gustafson asked if proposals like this are the beginning of impact fees inside town limits.

In the end, Allen was given permission to pursue the issue to determine if agreement is possible.

School district task force to study consolidation ideas

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Acceeding to a request from Community Vision Council for Pagosa Springs, the board of education of Archuleta School District 50 Joint has appointed a special task force to examine possible school consolidation and relocation.

The task force is instructed to "work toward developing a conceptual and comprehensive master plan for the district in order to align facilities to better support an environment conducive to student learning, district programming and safety for all individuals."

The charge to the task force includes reviewing the overall framework for new development and redevelopment of current and future lands and buildings owned by the school district and reviewing the financial benefits of consolidation of facilities, proceeds from sales of real estate and reinvestment into new and more modern facilities.

All of that is an outgrowth of the Community Vision Council's recent suggestion that the downtown junior high-intermediate school campus is outdated as a school facility and the land more desirable for commercial use.

That panel considered an option in which all school facilities be combined on the present high school campus at the south end of 8th Street, including the elementary school and transportation facilities now at 10th and San Juan streets.

The school board was told the panel will accept as givens:

- the inevitability of increased growth into Pagosa Springs;

- that the Community Vision Council is developing a master plan for the Pagosa Springs downtown core area;

- that each school district building is within this downtown core area;

- that everyone has the right to learn and function in a safe and appropriate environment.

Named to the school task force were superintendent Duane Noggle representing the administration; board president Carol Feazel who volunteered for the task; principals Mark DeVoti of the intermediate school, Chris Hinger of the junior high school and Bill Esterbrook of the high school; former superintendent Terry Alley for historical perspective; teachers Heidi Keshet, and Rick Schur with one yet to be named from the elementary school; Steve Walston from the district's building maintenance department; vision committee members Carol Brown and Lisa Scott; and Angela Atkinson of the town planning department.

Plans for relocation of the current transportation facility adjacent to the elementary school to a new site near the high school were put on hold when bids came in well above estimate and the town announced its long-range dream of consolidating school facilities.

It was pointed out no one has yet attempted to put a price tag on construction of a new campus, elimination of current facilities, sale of land and reinvestment of proceeds of sale into new operations.


School enrollment flat; baseball coach named

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The anticipated slight increase in school district enrollment has not materialized but neither is there a marked decrease.

That was the report Tuesday of Duane Noggle, superintendent of Archuleta School District 50 Joint, who advised the board of education, "basically, the enrollment is flat."

Overall, he said, "we may be down two to three."

At present, he told the board, the high school enrollment is down 11 from last year, while the elementary school is up 15. Junior high is unchanged and intermediate rolls up two. The drops, he said, are in special education numbers and education center enrollment.

Noggle noted these are preliminary figures, not those to be used as the basis for state funding which will be compiled at the end of this week.

The board rushed through a minimal agenda after being locked in executive session for more than two and a half hours on issues listed as "personnel" and "confidential."

In the shortened open session, directors approved a number of personnel moves, including the long-awaited naming of a new high school baseball coach.

That job goes to Charlie Gallegos, a resident of the Lower Blanco area and former coach at a number of Albuquerque area schools.

David Hamilton, athletic director, described Gallegos as a "teaching coach" with a daily agenda and "lesson plan for team development." Hamilton said there were three applicants for the position.

Other personnel moves included acceptance of the resignation of Cynthia Mitchell as the halftime high school library aide; contracting Roberta Strickland as the Title 1 teacher at Our Savior Lutheran School with additional duties an ELL teacher; and the employment of the following as substitute teachers: Roxann Boen, Teddy Finney, Julie Fox, Mary Herrera, Clifford Jensen, James Milstein, Stephanie Pillard, Bambi Stahl, Rachel Taylor and Annette Uehling.

In other action the board:

- approved on second reading a new policy on shared schooling (home school students) described last month;

- approved on second reading a new policy on public participation on school board meetings, including a form for applying to speak at a board meeting and setting a procession of levels for consideration of public concerns;

- tabled because the late hour discussion of making further changes in the philosophical positions of the board;

- accepted for first reading a proposal that would assign to the superintendent, authority to conduct expulsion hearings, relieving the board of that responsibility, but leaving the board as the final appellate body in an suspension/expulsion review process;

- accepted for first reading a proposed policy of evaluation of instructional staff which would revise and update one accepted in September, 2002; and

- accepted for first reading a District Review committee recommendation to eliminate the current policy on "State Competition Leave" for attendance at state-level competitions involving a member of the staff member's household. The review panel felt the code is covered in a Sick/Personal/Emergency leave policy adopted last spring.


Stolen pickup located, information sought

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

A pickup stolen in August was recovered Oct. 2 parked in the garage of a Pagosa Lakes vacation home.

According to Archuleta County Sheriff's Department reports, the owners returned to Pagosa, noticed a broken window in the garage and found a 2000 Toyota Tacoma owned by Mastercorp parked inside. Law enforcement was called.

The pickup was reported stolen Aug. 3 following a burglary at Mastercorp. Allen's Body Shop and the Heritage Building were burglarized the same week.

"The vehicle was processed for physical evidence and results are pending," Lt. T.J. Fitzwater said.

The case remains under investigation and law enforcement officials continue to search for portable radios also taken from Mastercorp.

Anyone with information on this crime is asked to call dispatch, 264-2131, immediately. A CrimeStoppers reward is being offered for information leading to the recovery of property and a conviction in the case. Reporting parties may remain anonymous.


William Clark honored by

Special District Association

William Clark, retired board member of the Pagosa Fire Protection District, has received the 2004 Distinguished Board Member Award from the Special District Association of Colorado (SDA).

SDA annually presents the Distinguished Board Member Award to a special district board member who has demonstrated outstanding leadership, dedication and service to their district. The award was presented at the SDA Annual Awards Luncheon, attended by more than 1,100 special district board members, managers and spouses.

Clark retired as a director of the Pagosa Fire Protection District after 12 years of service, 10 of those as board chairman. He was particularly important in the passage of a bond issue, which allowed the district to update its fleet and keep pace with NFPA standards.

Prior to his service as a board member, Clark co-chaired the Echo Area Inclusion Committee, made up of residents seeking inclusion into the fire district. Clark developed a fund-raising plan and worked with property owners in the inclusion area as well as the existing board of directors.

Through his efforts the inclusion was successful. It is because of his continued efforts and dedication that William Clark is a recipient of the SDA 2004 Distinguished Board Member Award.


PAWS director Campbell

gets state recognition

Carrie Campbell, district manager of Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District, has received the 2004 Distinguished Managers Award from the Special District Association of Colorado (SDA).

Campbell has been employed by the district 21 years and has been manager since 1998. On the heels of Campbell assuming the responsibilities of manager, the state was hit with terrible drought conditions.

She was able to stretch the water supplies of the district and prevent shortages from occurring. Campbell was instrumental in the passage of water and wastewater bonds, which has helped to ease the strain on the system.

She established the Archuleta County Water Wise Policy Taskforce, which is comprised of representatives of the county commissioners, Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association, the town of Pagosa Springs and her district; this taskforce has provided leadership during these dry times.

For her leadership and foresight Campbell is recipient of the SDA 2004 Distinguished Manager Award.


Pagosa banker named economic development leader of the year

Pagosa Springs banker and business leader Bob Eggleston has received the Economic Development Leader of the Year award.

Region 9 Economic Development District of Southwest Colorado, Inc., lauded Eggleston at its recent annual meeting in Durango.

The award, now in its third year, recognizes one person each year who has demonstrated an outstanding commitment to and an unwavering support of economic development in their community.

Past winners include Karla Safransksi of Silverton and former Southern Ute Tribal chairman Leonard C. Burch.

Eggleston, vice president of Bank of the San Juans in Pagosa Springs, is a native of southwest Colorado and has lived and worked in Pagosa Springs since 1992. He is president of the Archuleta Economic Development Association and has played a key role in the success of a number of economic development projects in Archuleta County in recent years.

"Pagosa Springs is on the map," Eggleston replied when asked about the area's growth. "We've seen a lot of real estate sales this year, and we're receiving more business inquiries than ever before. A substantial number of existing businesses are looking to expand, and employment numbers are up throughout the county. I think the future looks great for Archuleta County."

In the past decade AEDA has been the driving force behind the development of Cloman Industrial Park, near the airport. Phase III of the park has been completed resulting in a project funded by a consortium of local banks that has provided 31 building sites for light industrial and business development in Archuleta County.

Eggleston said the AEDA is now focusing its efforts on job creation, the support and expansion of existing businesses, and assisting Parelli Natural Horse-Man-Ship in building a new corporate headquarters in Pagosa Springs, a project that will result in 35 new full-time jobs.

The board of directors of Region 9 Economic Development district, in presenting the Leader of the year award, said it is grateful to Eggleston for his efforts to increase business and commerce for Archuleta County.


Alpha owners to hear water

reservoir data

The Alpha Property Owners Association has scheduled a 7 p.m. meeting, Monday, Oct. 25, at 93 Oakbrush Street.

Carrie Campbell from Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District will give a slide presentation regarding the San Juan Water Conservancy District Ballot Issue 5A on the Nov. 2 General Election ballot.

The talk will focus on the need for a mill levy increase to purchase land for a raw water supply reservoir. A question-and-answer session will follow. Contact Patsy Lindblad at 731-9961 for more information.


SHARE foods registration is set

Nov. 6

SHARE Colorado, a nonprofit organization, is a monthly food distributor that offers grocery packages at half the retail price to everyone.

To register for SHARE go to Pagosa Share located in 1st Assembly of God Church 10:30 a.m. Nov. 6.

For more information on SHARE Colorado call (800) 933-7247 or visit online at www. sharecolorado.com.


Association for education of young children to meet

The Southwest District of the Colorado Association for the Education of Young Children will meet 7 p.m. Monday, Oct. 18, in the Early Childhood Training Center, North Point Mall, 1315 N. Main Ave., Durango.

All are invited to attend. For more information call Kathy Wales at Florida Mesa Childcare Center, 382-0856.


Democrats plan final litter patrol

Local Democrats have confirmed plans for their final roadway litter pickup of 2004.

The county party organization maintains two miles of U.S. 84 from milepost 25 near the turnoff to Holiday Acres south to mile marker 23 near the entrance to Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park.

Everyone is welcome to join in the eco-friendly cause Saturday, meeting at the entrance to Echo Canyon Reservoir at 10 a.m. with sturdy clothing, shoes, gloves and water.

Safety vests and heavy-duty orange trash bags will be provided. Seriously adverse weather will cause a postponement.

Contact Charlie King at 731-4794 or Kerry Dermody at 731-5217 for more information or just join the team Saturday.


Habitat seeks applicants for next new home

Habitat for Humanity of Archuleta County is now accepting applications for the family that will own the Habitat home scheduled to built in spring 2005.

Requirements for selection include:

1. Need. The goal of Habitat for Humanity is to help families in substandard housing obtain a good place to live.

2. Steady income. The family chosen must have a reliable income so they can repay the cost of the habitat house as a long-term interest-free mortgage.

3. Cooperation with Habitat for Humanity. Family members must be willing to work with the habitat volunteers who are building the house. "Sweat equity" hours can include both the actual work at the house site and community service.

The family selection committee also has a preference for families with children because decent housing can have such a positive influence on a child's development.

Applicants must have lived in Archuleta County for one year and have income not exceeding $22,000.

If you or someone you know is interested in becoming a Habitat partner family, pick up an application available at Social Services (in the Town Hall building, north end), Seeds of Learning, Head Start or San Juan Basin Health Center, 502 S. 8th St.

Applications will be accepted through Nov. 30.



Fall fishing provides great catches in state

Two years after drought and wildfires left their devastating marks on the state's forests, reservoirs and streams, fishing conditions in most parts of the state have improved in time for fall angling, said Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW) aquatic biologists.

In 2002, some fishing enthusiasts kept their lines dry due to drought-related restrictions at lakes and reservoirs, but conditions improved last year and this year and anglers have started streaming back to state fisheries. Statewide, stream water flows are running about 75-80 percent of normal, with sufficient water to sustain fish and other aquatic wildlife, biologists said.

"This year, many of the state's streams have better flows and reservoirs have higher water levels, which should translate into better fishing overall," said DOW sport fishing coordinator Robin Knox. So don't put away those rods just yet."

In Colorado, fishing is a top year-round outdoor activity, crossing all socioeconomic and cultural lines. A report on the economic impacts of wildlife-related activities concluded earlier this year that the fishing industry generated some $460 million in direct revenues for the state economy in 2002, a figure that was lower than expected due to the drought. Last year, the DOW sold 698,580 fishing licenses, up from the 660,477 it sold in 2002.

Although Colorado experienced a wetter than expected summer and precipitation has been good this fall, the effects of several years of punishing drought and wildfires still can be felt around the state.

South of Denver, aquatic biologists continue to monitor streams and evaluate fish populations in the Hayman wildfire area, where ash sediment has been a concern. Meanwhile, water levels remain low on the Rio Grande River, and in northwest Colorado low flows in a critical habitat area on the Yampa River recently prompted the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to initiate water releases from Steamboat Lake to enhance flow for endangered species.

Over the summer, water levels remained below average at state reservoirs, ranging from 37 percent to 89 percent of normal, and aquatic biologists said fisheries could be at risk next year if Colorado experiences less than normal precipitation this winter.

Summertime water levels were low at Rio Grande, Sanchez, Continental, and Santa Maria reservoirs in the San Luis Valley. John Martin, Jackson and Prewitt reservoirs were low as well, and there was a fish kill at NeeSoPah Reservoir in the Great Plains system due to drought conditions.

Antero and Tarryall reservoirs in Park County remain closed for maintenance, but biologists said Tarryall - where dam repairs are underway - could be refilled and restocked by next spring, depending on water supplies.

Despite these and other challenges, Greh Gerlich, DOW senior aquatic biologist, said Colorado fisheries continue to offer high-quality opportunities to anglers, especially in autumn.

"Overall fishing conditions related to water level supplies are better," he said.

In fact, autumn traditionally provides Colorado anglers with some of the year's best fishing: Stream and lake waters clear up; summertime crowds disappear; hillsides are covered with amber and rust-colored leaves; and when temperatures drop, several varieties of trout rise from their shady depths to begin fattening themselves on mayflies flitting on surface waters.

"Fall is the season where you are going to catch the big fish," said Jim Melby, a DOW aquatic biologist in southern Colorado. "Reservoirs and lakes cool off at night and that makes fish more active. From September to November, the fishing can be pretty excellent."

In southwest Colorado, the San Miguel, Dolores, Uncompahgre and Gunnison rivers beckon fishermen who want to snag large cutthroat, brown and rainbow trout. Because it stays clear and accessible all year, the Uncompahgre at the Pa-Co-Chu-Puk area of Ridgway State Park is a favorite of locals and visitors alike. The stretch of river offers catch-and-release fishing below Ridgway dam, and fall flows are low enough to allow good access to fish.

The Gunnison is the second-largest river in Colorado and aquatic biologists say it has more fish per mile than any other river in the state. There are an estimated 650 fish measuring more than 16 inches per river mile in the Gold Medal waters below the Black Canyon National Monument.

For more information about fishing books and other products available at DOW service centers, visit: http://wildlifestate.co.us/shopdow/index.asp.


Volunteers sought for homestead restoration

The San Juan Mountains Association in partnership with San Juan Public Lands is seeking volunteers for a one-day work project Oct. 29.

Volunteers will help preserve and secure an historic homestead in the Pagosa Springs area. The project will include trenching, fencing and gate installation.

These efforts are important, as they will ensure the cabin's stability until further restoration can take place.

Volunteers should register no later than Oct. 27. Lunches will be provided for registered volunteers by SJMA. For more information and to register contact the San Juan Mountains Association at 385-1242.


Mule Mountain burn planned

to start today

Conditions permitting, the Mule Mountain area of the San Juan National Forest will be the site of a 550-acre prescribed fire.

Mule Mountain is west of Pagosa Springs and approximately four miles north of Chimney Rock.

The weather forecast for today, Oct. 14, indicated good conditions for burning to meet the goals of this project, which are to burn undergrowth and ground debris and leave larger trees alive.

The prescribed fire will be set and monitored by trained firefighters using methods designed to keep flames at low intensity and close to the ground.

Active burning will occur for approximately two days. Existing roads and constructed control lines will serve as boundaries.

For safety purposes, Devil Mountain Road (Forest Road 626) may be closed at times when burning operations are nearby.

Should favorable weather conditions continue, firefighters will return to the Benson Creek area where 216 acres were treated with prescribed burning last spring. The intent is to treat up to 800 additional acres in that area southeast of Pagosa Springs.

For further information, contact Pagosa Ranger District at 970 264-2268.


Outdoor Club sports swap set Oct. 23

San Juan Outdoor Club will hold its annual ski and sports swap Saturday Oct. 23 in the fairgrounds exhibit hall.

The swap is the largest service activity of the club, with 40-50 club members participating.

"The swap makes outdoor equipment and clothing available for people to try outdoor activities at a low cost," said Nancy Cole, one of the organizers, "as well as providing a place for people to sell their used equipment."

Items for sale come from individuals as well as businesses in Pagosa Springs and Durango. "We get great participation and assistance from local businesses," added Jim Cole. "We couldn't provide such a wide selection without them."

People who wish to sell sports items should being them to the exhibit hall 5-7 p.m. Oct. 22 or 7:30-9 a.m. Oct. 23. The club manages the sale and takes a commission for its services.

If you have questions, call Nancy or Jim Cole at 731-2073.

One of the sidelights of the swap is the sale of baked goods provided by members of the club.

Mark your calendars for 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 23, and you might find that special piece of sports equipment you been seeking or clothing you have been wanting at a bargain.



Freedom concerns

Dear Editor:

Where to start?

I would like to address a number of letters to the editor in last week's paper. First, I would like to thank Barbara Blackburn, Kerry Dermody and especially John Egan for well-written letters. (Not to mention an excellent column by Rep. Larson).

Next, I would like to also commend Anna Hershey on her excellent letter and to express my utter disgust with the person(s) responsible for these acts of vandalizing personal property.

This morning we also found our Kerry/Edwards yard sign impaled over a post in our yard, and at school on Friday my daughter found a Bush/Cheney bumper sticker placed over the top of her Kerry/Edwards bumper sticker. Not only is this sort of thing illegal, it's very childish and goes against one of the things that America stands for: Freedom of speech.

Randi has recently turned 18 and will be voting in her first election. I believe that she has a right to her opinions, as do we, and the Hershey family, and anyone else who happens to believe that this country is desperately in need of a change.

And finally, changing the subject, I would like to thank Mr. Goldman and Ms. Henricksen for their letters about the "big box" issue. Both letters were very interesting reading but I do have to side with Mr. Goldman. I have a feeling that a whole lot of the things that draw Ms. Henricksen and her husband to our town would change if a Wal-Mart or any type of big box store were allowed to be built here. Look around folks - it's our fabulous scenery, the wonderful people, and the quaint little shops that line downtown Pagosa Springs that make this town a destination spot for many. Let's not sacrifice these things so that someone might spend a few more dollars a year in our town.

With concern,

Terri Anderson

 Reservoir vote

Dear Editor:

I wholeheartedly agree with your recent editorial regarding the upcoming ballot issue by the San Juan Water Conservancy District for the proposed reservoir. There are too many unanswered questions before the citizens can intelligently commit to vote themselves yet another tax increase.

It's hard to imagine, given the recent drought, that we would not do everything we could to insure our water supply. However, your observation that this could be an opportunity for locals concerned about runaway growth to use this ballot issue to limit growth, I sense, is right on the money.

Approximately two and a half years ago Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District board members expressed a belief that if they had the water available, they might not, legally, be allowed to deny additional inclusions into the district.

However, they have continued their moratorium on any new inclusions and, in fact, told the Aspen Springs Metro District they could not serve Aspen Springs with water.

Considering that there are over 5,000 vacant properties in the district paying availability fees plus some larger parcels that could still be subdivided, and many higher density multiple-family tracts - figuring on an average of only two residents per parcel (because of the many seasonal homes and condo/townhomes) just within the confines of the water district - the population of the county could double.

Add in all the other vacant parcels outside the district, and we could more than triple the population of Archuleta County. I've got a feeling that number scares almost all of us.

Given that the last ballot issue of PAWSD - increasing the mill levy - barely passed, and that in the worst drought year ever, I am going to predict that as much as we Pagosans love our water, this one will be resoundingly defeated.

Jerry Driesens

Editor's note: The editorial did not advocate a vote one way or the other on the issue. It asked for discussion and for information concerning key elements related to the proposal. It urged that advocates reveal the site of the proposed land purchase - valuable for several reasons, among them to provide grounds for an analysis of possible costs attendant to construction and operation of a reservoir at the site. It would also be helpful to know more concerning how future reservoir construction would be funded, and by whom.

 For Amendment

Dear Editor:

Editorials on Amendment 35, the Tobacco Tax Amendment, rejecting placing such an issue in the constitution are thoughtful. However, I think there are larger issues at play here that need discussion.

The Joint Budget Committee in the Legislature is currently contemplating cuts in the 2005 budget totalling $265 million! The idea of securitization (selling future revenues obligated from the tobacco industry for a lump sum today) is being discussed. This is the same tobacco money that currently funds Children's Healthcare Plus and other very worthy programs. Such a legislative action would all but eliminate these programs. Passage of Amendment 35 will not allow that to happen.

Rejecting this constitutional amendment on the premise that it doesn't belong in the constitution ignores the realities that Colorado is unfortunately in. Citizen initiative ballot issues have been the norm in Colorado for decades. Interestingly, an attempt at limiting voter initiated constitutional amendments was rejected in 1996 by a 59 percent vote.

The voters want their say. As much as some reject the constitutional amendment process and factoring in that there are no budget solutions on the November ballot, Amendment 35 is the only game in town.

The next legislative session will face the most difficult budget decisions it has had to make in many years ... even after three years of over $2 billion in budget cuts. Significant new cuts will be made. If the tobacco money currently funding Children's Healthcare Plus and other health related programs is securitized to be used as general fund, there will be no money for these programs.

Colorado cannot allow that to happen. Passing Amendment 35 will keep these programs alive.

Mark Larson


 Debate doubts

Dear Editor:

The following concerns the second debate and related matters.

Peter Jennings said after the debate that being a "red and blue American is a crock."

What's he know about being an American? He's Canadian and anti-American both. He doesn't realize that Kerry's war-hawk statements are insincere. Jennings is not only a biased news commentator, he can't even use decent expressions after all these years.

Yes, Kerry said he'd hunt down the enemy and kill them, but what he really meant was that he'll hunt for his next vacation spot.

When Kerry said he'd close loopholes so businesses couldn't relocate where it's safer to do business and would provide incentives for business to remain, which would he do first?

Would he also close the loopholes for Heinz or provide incentives for it to return? He even admitted he couldn't get the good jobs back - the $12 per hour vs. $56 per hour statement. He really has a contradiction going here. When it comes to doing something real and meaningful he can actually do nothing except the negative. He cannot fix what he helped cause unless he admits he caused it.

His campaign used extortion against younger people by saying that Bush would reinstate the draft, but it is the Democrats that promoted the draft. No wonder President Bush was irritated.

As far as education is concerned, Kerry is more concerned with social engineering which is meant to indoctrinate certain kinds of people as to how bad they are than teaching the kids really important and positive things like science or technology.

He berated two of the three best justices we have, the only ones who don't make laws - but that's because he believes in further degrading our Constitution so that only certain people will have rights and everybody else will have to pay for them through a lack of their own rights.

President Bush did have an energy plan with provisions for research and development of alternative energy and the Democrats blocked it to make him look ineffective.

Kerry said that if a coalition country had the same population as the state of Missouri, which is where the debate was held, that its contribution to the war on terror is unimportant. This also says that Missouri's population doesn't count in relation to America. Any state with a population of 5.7 million or less has an insignificant number of voters is what Kerry just said. This is an incredible statement.

How specifically would he form an alliance with Iran, Syria, and North Korea without pushing our country further down the Roman sewer?

Since he's running some of his campaign from churches, these should have their tax-exempt status repealed by his own law.

The fact that he expects the public to just swallow what he says without thinking about it says what he really thinks about Americans.


John Feazel

 Kerry's phony set

Dear Editor:

It's really no surprise, the Democrat plan is to go out there and tout John Kerry's superior performance, no matter the reality. In other words, pretend. And Kerry says George Bush is living in a "fantasy world."

This all reminds me of a great metaphor for the Democrat campaign that someone once painted for me years ago.

Have you ever been to a Hollywood lot, like Paramount Studios, where you walk through some of the sets for the old Western towns, or an early New York era? As you go down the street, all the building fronts look real. It's first-rate make believe. But when you walk around back, you see it's just a bunch of painted balsa wood, propped up by little planks that a good gust of Santa Anna wind would blow over.

Guess what the Kerry campaign is? It's a phony Hollywood set. It is built on balsa wood and the building fronts are starting to crumble. Kerry keeps calling Bush "out of touch," but whose campaign is in trouble?

Senator Kerry, your campaign ought to have a 14-20 point lead if everything claimed by your side of the aisle were true. If everything in the Michael Moore movie was true, if every message MoveOn.org is producing is true, if all the books in the anti-Bush book-of-the-month club were true, if that's what the country wanted, why aren't you up by 20 points? Why are you losing? Might wanna ask yerself that. Maybe it's time to shed your hatred and try to see your situation for what it is - dire.

Despite the media war room, despite the best and brightest minds in the country (as they see themselves) the left does not know how to get its power back. They do not know what to do. They haven't the slightest clue, and that's why they're stuck in a 40-year-old playbook. That's why they're getting increasingly hysterical and shrill. That's why they're getting angry and conspiratorial.

The left in this country are just befuddled, bewildered, lost. It will not be long before they'll become their very own "nuisance." Don't ya just love it?

Jim Sawicki


Community News

Oktoberfest, polka party

are synonyms for fun

By April Owens

Special to The PREVIEW

The third annual Oktoberfest is just two days away and it's time to get those lederhosen and polka skirts ready to show off.

This celebration of German music and food again takes place at the community center, 4:30 to 9:30 p.m. Oct. 16.

If you happen to be on U.S. 160 prior to 4:30 p.m., you can catch the first-ever Oktoberfest parade as it passes by.

Oktoberfest has become a popular local event for fun lovers of all ages, an evening full of lively entertainment for the whole family. You can polka the night away, sing along to traditional German ditties, watch the kids do the chicken dance, enjoy traditional German food, and catch up with old friends.

Archuleta Seniors, Inc., a nonprofit organization at the Senior Foxes Den Senior Center, hosts this annual fund-raising event and uses the proceeds to help cover funding deficits caused by shrinking federal and state funding for senior citizen programs.

If you would like to show your support for Senior Citizens in Archuleta County, coming to Oktoberfest is a great way to do it.

This year's Oktoberfest offers more food and lower prices than last year, and features a new 2004 commemorative Pilsner beer glass that you can fill for a nominal charge at the Bier Garten (Beer Garden). Last year's steins are still available at $2.50 if you missed them.

Tickets are on sale at the Senior Center and at the Chamber of Commerce. Adult tickets are $13 in advance or $15 at the door, and include a full plate of bratwurst, German potato salad, and sauerkraut. Senior tickets are $10 and include the same menu. Tickets for children 5-12 are down to $8 this year, and include a hot dog, chips, and dessert. Coffee and iced tea are still free, and soda pop and bottled water available for $1 each.

If you missed this celebration last year, be sure not to miss it this year. It's good, wholesome fun and benefits a great cause.


Halloween carnival list grows

By Pauline Benetti

Special to The PREVIEW

This is an update for all you Halloween party aficionados.

The event? The Halloween party at the community center 5-7 p.m. Friday, Oct. 29. For a complete list of all games and activities, call the center at 264-4152.

In the game area we have several new entries. The Shady Pines 4-H Club under leadership of Pam Martin is doing a bean bag toss. PLPOA, on the other hand, will hold a fishing contest. Dru Sewel (one of our witches) will conduct a Shark Toss on behalf of NORA (National Organization for Recovering Alcoholics) with prizes or goodies, of course, for the most adept.

In the food arena, Chrys Figliolino of SWAP (School to Work Alliance Program) will oversee an old-fashioned apple bobbing and the Friends of the CC will sponsor a cupcake walk. Of course, there will also be hot dogs and punch provided by the Kiwanis and Bonnie Nyre of Slices of Nature will bring along some of her great pumpkin-flavored coffee and for the kids hot caramel cider.

For a very scary experience everyone is invited to visit the Teen Center's haunted house and Sherry Smith's graveyard. Either one should frighten you out of your wits and both well, no telling how you will fare.

Now what do we still need to make this the best ever? Additional sponsorships or willingness to put on a game or activity from our businesses and organizations. Small prizes and candies, cupcakes. Ideas. Volunteers.

The first meeting of the Friends of the Community Center will not be Oct. 13 as previously announced. Too many things going on right now. Look for a future announcement.

The center is open 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday through Friday. All witches, potential Friends and Halloween revelers call Mercy or Pauline at 264-4152.


Teen advisory board welcomes members

By Karen Carpenter

Special to The PREVIEW

We had a busy week preparing for the Fall Bash dance, Halloween fall festival booth, board meeting, origami with the Japanese Club, and movie night.

The Teen Advisory Board met Thursday. We welcome our new board members Jessica Martin, Trish Stevens, and Elvina Hamby. The students on the board offer valuable insights to current teen trends and concerns.

These three girls along with high school seniors Jesse Morris and Kelli Ford contribute to the Teen Center's success.

The Fall Bash Dance was not well attended but those who attended enjoyed the music and group dancing. Thank you to the chaperones. You are appreciated.

The teens are preparing a haunted house for the Halloween Fall festival here at the community center, thanks to the partial donation of a tried-and-true haunted house.

This Friday we will be showing the movie "From Homeless to Harvard," rated PG-13. This is a true story of a young girl's trial to triumph in life.

The Teen Center's code of conduct will be strictly enforced:

- To respect others at all times.

- To use no language that is offensive to others.

- To refrain from all criminal activity and/or violence of any type while at the center.

- Refrain from the use of tobacco products, alcohol and drugs while at the center.

- To cooperate and maintain a workable relationship with others at the center.

- To obey and respect the adult volunteer hosts at all times.

- To use the Teen Center property appropriately, keeping it free from damage.

- To put things back where found and not to steal.

- To apologize when hurting or offending others.

- To keep the center a clean, safe and fun environment.

The Teen Center is open to ages 13-19 and is located in the community center on Hot Springs Boulevard.

The phone is 264-4152 Ext. 31.


'Spotlight to Stardom' talent search Saturday

By Mary Floroplus

Special to The PREVIEW

Popular Durango vocalist Kriss Larsen will headline the opening production number for the upcoming "Spotlight to Stardom," the first Four Corners talent search and a benefit for the not-for-profit Community Concert Hall at Fort Lewis College at 7 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 16.

Larsen will kick off the fun-filled variety show performing the opening number from the musical "Pippin," and will be joined on stage by the 34 talented community members who make up the 18 acts competing in Spotlight to Stardom.

Larsen holds a bachelor's degree in vocal performance from the New England Conservatory and a master's degree in vocal performance from the University of Maryland. She has performed in song and dance revues on Cape Cod and cruise ships, musical comedy roles in summer stock and dinner theaters, operatic roles in Maryland and New York City, and one-woman cabaret shows in New York.

Currently, Larsen is director of both the Mancos Valley Chorus, a 36-member community chorus, and the Women's Prerogative, a 13-member women's barbershop singing group. She and her partner, jazz pianist Tom MacCluskey, regularly perform standards from the 1930s and '40s at private parties to benefit local arts organizations.

She serves Fort Lewis College as program assistant to the vice president for student affairs.

"We wanted to open Spotlight to Stardom with a 'bang,' and Kriss has graciously agreed to make that happen," said Gary Penington, concert hall managing director, noting that Larsen also served as one of the audition judges, and is donating her time to make certain the evening is "special" for all the performers.

Eighteen of southwest Colorado's most talented performing artists will compete for notoriety and the attention of the six judges, all entertainment industry professionals, as well as cash prizes and opportunity to further their performing arts careers.

The top three winners will receive cash prizes of $1,000, $500 and $250, presented live at the conclusion of the show by the First National Bank of Durango. All artists will also have opportunity to participate in a post-show meet and greet reception with the judges and will be eligible to perform as the opening act for upcoming Community Concert Hall shows.

Spotlight to Stardom replaces the Community Concert Hall's former annual fund-raiser, Cinders, Song and Sauvignon. Though some concert hall operations are funded by the college, all shows and special programming must be supported by the concert hall itself, either through ticket sales, sponsorships or generous contributions from the community.

Set to perform in Spotlight to Stardom are (in alphabetical order):

- Alien Resident, a four-man Durango garage rock band featuring lead guitarist Doug Phillips and his 12-year-old son Cameron on drums.

- ASA, a trio of fire dancers who literally light up the stage during auditions.

- Jim Beck, a Durango-based classical guitarist.

- The Few, a Bayfield High School band on its way to the big time.

- Denny Finn, a one-man band from Arboles, reminiscent, and a contemporary of, Gordon Lightfoot.

- Formula 151, a Dave Matthews-esque Durango band.

- Jonas Grushkin, a photographer by profession, but an original acoustic/jazz pianist by passion.

- Shelby Janz and Tristin Montoya, creative clogging-tapping teens from Mancos.

- Piper Kuntz, classical, operatic vocalist, and a student at Fort Lewis College.

- Quinn Kuntz, a 12-year-old reincarnation of Red Skelton and Charlie Chaplin.

- The Lindells, Dolores-based singer/songwriters/guitarists husband-and-wife duo.

- Charles Martinez, Jicarilla Apache/Navajo based in Pagosa Springs, and a charismatic Native American flautist.

-Tommy McKinzie or Tommy the Tremendous, a young Bayfield magician with his sights set on Las Vegas.

- Julia Morgenstern, an alluring Durango-based singer/songwriter.

- Pagosa Hot Strings. The band members and Pagosa natives, are now Fort Lewis College students.

- Angelica Pozo-Dei Portes, the 16-year-old Durango High School student may be the next Sheryl Crow.

- Ilima Umbhau, Durango's own "Annie" and, at 7, the show's youngest performer.

- Amy and Steve VanBuskirk, Spotlight's country duo, complete with a Chattanooga sound.

Tickets for Spotlight to Stardom are available for $25 per person ($10 for children 12 and under) at the Community Concert Hall box office, by calling 247-7657 or at www.durangoconcerts.com.

Seating for the fund-raising event is general admission, to allow for "cheering sections" to form (as audience appeal and "spirit" will count in the final judging).

Doors to the Community Concert Hall and the Spotlight Lounge will open at 6 p.m.


Provacative indie films coming here

By Cristy Holden

Special to The PREVIEW

This year independent films have had strong impact at international festivals and in campaign circles.

Archuleta Inquiring Minds (AIM), a group of local citizens, is bringing a collection of films, via DVD format to Pagosa this month. Showings will be free and open to the public.

The series will begin tonight, Oct. 14, with "Outfoxed: Rupert Murdock's War on Journalism." This film uses alleged inflammatory tactics of the Fox News Channel to demonstrate the conservative bias of Fox's owner, media mogul Rupert Murdoch.

The documentary gathers interviews from media watchdogs, Walter Cronkite, and former Fox employees. Documented by actual network clips are Fox's efforts to portray presidential nominee John Kerry as weak and waffling, while President Bush is captured in respectful, reverent images; and management memos dictating language, subject matter, and point of view.

"Outfoxed" is unlikely to persuade Fox News fans to change their views, but it may spur outraged liberals to take action.

The series continues Thursday, Oct. 21, with the most provocative film of the year, Academy Award-winner Michael Moore's "Fahrenheit 9/11," a searing examination of the role played by greed and oil in the wake of the tragic events of 9/11.

It's the Bush presidency that Moore, with his provocative array of facts and figures, blames for corporate corruption, senseless death, unnecessary war, and political favoritism toward Osama bin Laden's family and Saudi oil partners following the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

Do yourself a favor: Ignore those who condemn the film without seeing it. Honoring American soldiers and the victims of 9/11 while condemning Bush's rationale for war in Iraq, "Fahrenheit 9/11" shows footage which has not been seen before: of the 2000 Inaugural Parade, Congress post election, the bin Laden family being flown out of the country after 9/11, Bush family ties to the Saudis and the business being done within the Carlyle group which might make you question the real motives of the people running our country.

On Thursday, Oct. 28, the series will conclude with a film specifically prepared for the private viewing of major donors at the August Republican National Convention.

"George W. Bush: Faith in the White House," is an examination of the President's personal practice of Christianity. The film's director, David Balsiger, intends this as an alternative to "Fahrenheit 9/11." A statement from the production company says it "hopes the documentary will neutralize many Bush-bashers."

This film attempts to offer a balanced credible research of incredible faith and prayer in public life, and includes "18 proponents on Bush's faith and comments from 10 anti-Bush persons whose perspectives tend to come from the liberal agenda."

Each film will begin at 7 p.m. Free showings of these movies will take place at Unit B15 of the Greenbriar Plaza on the back side of the retail center. Turn east on Greenbriar Drive, past the fire station on North Pagosa Boulevard. The public is welcome to attend.


Churches plan annual joint Harvest Fest

Several area churches are again holding the annual Harvest Fest 6-8 p.m. Friday, Oct. 31, in the gymnasium of Power House Youth Center.

The center is behind the Humane Society Thrift Store and across from the playing fields in Town Park.

Harvest Fest offers candy, balloons, games, prizes, food and refreshments for youngsters, preschool through sixth grade. Everything will be free except a $1.50 per plate hot dog dinner.

Costumes are optional at Harvest Fest, but are encouraged. However, it is asked that the costumes not portray evil.

A fun time is planned for all.

For further information, call Donna at First Baptist Church, 731-9042.


Local Chatter

Pagosa woman displays

regalia art at Smithsonian

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist

Talent has a way of being recognized and Clarissa Hudson was recently honored when asked to exhibit her work at the Smithsonian Institute. It happened like this.

Clarissa is an Alaskan Tlinkit Indian who makes beautiful ceremonial regalia and Chilkat weaving. For this she has won many awards.

The Smithsonian celebrates annually with a Folklife Festival. This year it chose Native America as its theme in conjunction with the Sept. 21 opening of the National Museum of the American Indian located on the National Mall and in the vicinity of the Smithsonian.

The festival includes all manner of the arts - music, dance, handicrafts, etc. Regalia Art is the making of Native American clothing and this was the category that Clarissa and 14 other artists - all from the Americas, North, Central and South - were a part of. They were in the Regalia Tent used for their exhibits and demonstrations.

Clarissa took five ceremonial robes, one of which was on the loom. The robe on the loom was used in demonstrations she made Sept. 24-27. Her husband, Bill, assisted here, helping to set up, talk about the work and answer questions. The Smithsonian paid all expenses - for the artists and the assistance.

Lily Hudson, their daughter, was a part of the group of storytellers at the festival.

A note here: Sen. Ben Nighthorse Campbell led the procession of nearly 2,000 American Indians in traditional clothing down the National Mall Sept. 21 to mark the opening of the National Museum of the Native American Indian. Still in his full regalia, Campbell went on to the Senate. It was Campbell who first sponsored legislation to build the museum 16 years ago when he was in the Legislature. Sen. Daniel Inouye of Hawaii sponsored the measure in the Senate.

Fun on the run

William Novelli of AARP in Washington spoke at the recent National Newspaper Association Convention held in Denver. Mentioning the growing focus on childhood obesity, he suggested that President Bush might consider a parallel program to "No Child Left Behind" with "Leave No Child With a Big Behind." And he said someone had told him he wasn't too worried about Osama bin Laden, "because when he turns 50 AARP will find him."


Senior News

Seniors game day needs more players

By Laura Bedard

SUN Columnist

Game Day is looking for more participants; seems like the rain and hail might have dampened everyone's enthusiasm. We will try again next month, so mark your calendars for Game Day on Nov. 2 - after you vote!

We have been talking about Oktoberfest for a month now and have a bunch of volunteers, plenty of food and an oompah band, so we are ready to party. Please join us for our huge fund-raiser Oct. 16.. We'll have plenty of food, beer and chicken dancing from 4:30-9:30 p.m. Tickets are $13 in advance, $15 at the door, senior members are just $10 and kidlets are $8.

Remember, your ticket price includes a commemorative beer glass and we even have a few available for purchase from last year so you can get that collection started. See you Saturday at the community center.

Dru Sewell has been gaining popularity with her nail care, (fingernails only), but please note that Dru won't be doing nails Oct. 15; she will be back Oct. 22.

We have a date change for our Medicare Question and Answers: Instead of Oct. 18, our Medicare counselors will be here 11 a.m.-1 p.m. Oct. 25 to be available for questions and at 1 p.m. they will answer general or specific questions you may have about the Medicare Drug Card. This is a presentation you will want to attend, as the drug card issue can be complicated, and Harold, Nedra and Patti can help you with any problems you may have with Medicare.

We are going to Sky Ute Casino Oct. 19. This is a once a month gambling trip that is very popular, the Sky Ute Casino provides free transportation and a few goodies, limited seating available, so sign up in the dining room as soon as possible.

Our free movie Oct. 22 is "Life is Beautiful." This movie won at the Cannes Film Festival for best picture a few years ago. It is an uplifting film about an Italian family who face hardships at the hands of Nazis, but manage to keep a positive attitude.

It starts at 1 p.m. in the lounge, and popcorn is only 25 cents. If you have any suggestions for next month's movie, call Laura at 264-2167.

Don't forget our new basic computer class on Tuesdays at 10:30 a.m., with Cindy Gowing as your teacher. Come in and learn cool new computer stuff, like what is a mouse and what do I do with it? Meet in the computer room of the community center. There is a whopping $2 charge for life time access to the computers.

Help! Our summer volunteers have left for the season and we need more help in getting meals out to our homebound seniors. If you are willing to fill a vital need in our community, please call Musetta at 264-2167 we currently have two openings and need substitutes too. You can make a difference in the life of our seniors call and volunteer.

Our new sweatshirts are available and are they ever nice, they'll be warm and cuddly for the winter and will make great gifts too. The sweatshirts are $20, call and place your order today!


Friday, Oct. 15 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; pinochle, 1 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 16 -Oktoberfest, 4:30-9:30 p.m.

Monday, Oct 18 - Medicare and drug card counseling, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; Medicare drug card questions and answers, 1 p.m.; Bridge for Fun, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, Oct. 19 - Yoga in Motion, 10 a.m.; basic computer, 10:30 a.m.; Sky Ute Casino, 1 p.m.

Wednesday, Oct. 20 - Canasta, 1 p.m.

Friday, Oct. 22. - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; Nail Care by Dru, 11 a.m.; pinochle, 1 p.m.; free movie - "Life is Beautiful," 1 p.m.


Friday, Oct. 15 - Pasta seafood salad, three-bean salad, spinach salad, and strawberry ice cream.

Monday, Oct. 18 - Meat loaf, mashed potatoes/gravy, zucchini, breadstick and strawberries with topping.

Tuesday, Oct. 19 - Mandarin chicken salad, vegetable soup, roll or muffin and pears.

Wednesday, Oct. 20 - Baked fish fillet, potato wedges, cole slaw, whole wheat roll and apricots.

Friday, Oct. 22 - Roast Beef with gravy, baked potato, green beans with mushrooms, roll and citrus cup.


Chamber News

Member's comments support goals

By Sally Hameister

SUN Columnist

I truly can't think of a more pleasant way to begin the week than a testimonial from a new member who shared such kind, generous comments about our Chamber of Commerce.

Sue Anderson, who joined us last week with her new excellent adventure, Baskets & More! featuring the famous US-made Longaberger hand-woven, hard-maple baskets, wrote such a compelling, from-the-heart testimonial, I must share it all with you:

"No one had to 'tell me about' or 'sell me' the benefits of Chamber membership because its presence in Pagosa Springs is such a positive moving force. Having worked for the Chamber in Colorado Springs for several years, I truly recognize the many benefits the Chamber provides to its members, especially in networking with other local businesses and in establishing your own credibility and desire to do business within the Pagosa Springs area. Where else can a new or existing business get so much 'bang for their buck? '

"I simply wouldn't think of starting any kind of business without immediately becoming an active participant in the local Chamber of Commerce! My new business ... allows me to join the Chamber, and I'm looking forward to utilizing my membership to the fullest. Thanks, Sally, and keep up the good work."

I am most grateful to Sue for her thoughtful note and words that were simply music to my ears. There is nothing more gratifying to a director than an unsolicited tribute to the organization, and that tribute will always strengthen our resolve to work even more diligently to make our coalition stronger each day.

Web site kudos

As if Sue's letter weren't enough, the Monday morning e-mails also include a note of appreciation from Patrick Haney in Wellington, Ind., complimenting us on our new Web site design and adding, "Much easier to read and full of good information. Thanks!"

If you haven't yet checked out the new redesign and fresh face on the Chamber site, please do so at pagosaspringschamber.com.

We are grateful indeed to Sam Rose and the gang at WebDurango for the hours, days and weeks they spent on each and every detail of this site. We couldn't be more pleased, and it sure helps to hear from fans in Indiana that we accomplished our goal.

Halloween party

We certainly hope you all plan to join the big Halloween party at the community center 5-7 p.m. Friday, Oct. 29.

There will be many festivities for all the little spooks and goblins including a costume contest as well as the food, games and activities with prizes galore.

As I have pointed out in the past, the safe, warm, dry environment of the community center is a vast improvement over the potential rain, cold and darkness involved in trooping the little ones around the neighborhood. The kids will love it, and I feel sure that parents will be equally as pleased to hang out and watch all the fun.

I'm also sure that Pauline and Mercy at the community center would still welcome donations and sponsors for the party. Please give them a call at 264-5232 if you would like to offer a hand for that night.

'The Nutcracker'

Remember that Saturday, Nov. 13, is the annual Immaculate Heart of Mary fashion show and luncheon beginning at noon at the Parish Hall. This year's delightful theme is "The Nutcracker" featuring music provided by John Graves with dancing honors performed by local ballerinas. Our Pagosa merchants will supply the very latest fashions, and Dahrl Henley can always be counted upon to serve only the finest and tastiest food around. It's always a beautifully executed event and tons of fun.

Tickets are still only $18 and can be purchased at the Chamber of Commerce. I will tell you that a number of tickets have already been sold for this event, so don't tarry. I promise you that this event will sell out very quickly as it has done every year, and you will be exceedingly sad to miss such a lovely affair.

Should you want to put together a table of 10, you must first purchase the tickets, then call Mary Daltroff at 731-5121 to reserve the table in your name.

The door prizes donated by our local merchants at this luncheon are always outstanding and feel free to call Yvonne Ralston at 731-9324 or June Geisen at 731-5429 if you would like to donate an item or two. Plan to attend this wonderful annual luncheon and bring all your friends.


I hope you have your tickets for this Saturday's annual Oktoberfest gala sponsored by the Archuleta Seniors, Inc. beginning at 4:30 and wrapping up at 9:30 p.m. at the Pagosa Springs Community Center.

The price of admission includes a commemorative glass beer stein and traditional German cuisine including grilled bratwursts, sauerkraut, hot German potato salad and, of course, German beer. As if that weren't enough, cookies, brownies and hot coffee will top off the evening for you.

If you have attended this event, you know that we will be entertained by local musicians who specialize in authentic lively German music and that everyone is invited to join in the group dances, the chicken dance and just about anything else they happen to dream up. It's a family affair offering everyone the opportunity to socialize, dance and eat in the great tradition of an authentic German Oktoberfest.

Please pass along to any friends or family who might want to come to Pagosa for this event that The Spa @ Pagosa Springs is offering a 10-percent discount to Oktoberfest attendees who would like to stay close to the event. Call 264-5910 to make your reservation for that night.

Oktoberfest tickets are now available at the Chamber of Commerce and the community center for $13 presale for adults ($15 at the door), $10 for seniors and $8 for children.


I am pleased indeed to introduce and welcome two new members to our plucky little band and 13 renewals. I love you guys.

Galen Erin joins us with President Homes, and I find this an extremely timely and appropriate name given the election year environment in which we find ourselves these days. President Homes is a trademarked Owner-Involved building program offering 45 home packages, stick-built panel walls, high-quality, name-brand building materials, professional guidance and support for their customers and 100 percent home/land financing. You can reach Galen at 731-0779 or (800) 494-6857. We are not surprised at all to learn the our Recruiting Queen, Kathryn Heilhecker, is responsible for recruiting these good folks, and a bright orange pass is on its way for this month's Chamber SunDowner hosted by Wells Fargo Bank Wednesday, Oct. 27. Thanks again, Kathryn, for the good work you do for the Chamber.

Brett Rodgers joins us next with Mr. Rodgers Windshield Repair at 102 Valley View Drive, No. 3168. I'm quite sure that it's not the first time nor will it be the last that Brett will be told that the name conjures visions of cardigan sweaters and beautiful days in the neighborhood - but I digress. As the name indicates, Brett can help you out with windshield chip and crack repair up to 24 inches. Please give him a call at 731-9237 if you have a windshield that needs some help.

Our renewals this week include Susan Kuhns, RN, with Pagosa Women's Health and Wellness, Inc.; Steven J. Potter with Security Contractors with home offices; Lindsay Morgan with Chimney Rock Interpretive Association with offices located at the Pagosa Ranger District; Vanessa Sutherland with J. E. Sutherland Construction; Master Map Maker, Ed Raymond, with Grace Evangelical Free Church currently located in the Pagosa Springs Community Center; Steve Schwartz with Spectrum Construction; Jann Pitcher with the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club; Sharon (Shari) Gustafson with Gustafson Consulting Group with home offices; Joanne Irons with Wrap It Up; Kathy Koy with the Pagosa Pregnancy Support Center; John G. Fargerson with Silverado Clothing in the Silverado City Shopping Center; Jim Knoll with PACK and Katherine Cruse with the League of Women Voters.

Thank you all for your renewed membership and loyalty.


Library News

Patron's gift called unexpected miracle

By Lenore Bright

SUN Columnist

I very often judge a book by its cover because I love the artwork that catches my attention in an unusual manner. Such an intriguing small volume came my way thanks to some generous patron.

"Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress," by Dai Sijie, is an unexpected miracle - a delicate, and often hilarious tale according to The Los Angeles Times.

"It is the story about the magic of reading and the wonder of romantic awakening. Two hapless city boys are exiled to a remote mountain village for reeducation during China's infamous Cultural Revolution. There they meet the daughter of the local tailor and discover a hidden stash of Western classics in Chinese translation. As they flirt with the seamstress and secretly devour these banned works, they escape from their grim surroundings to worlds they never imagined.

"The book gives us a glimpse into that dark place where the human spirit continued against all odds to shine its light, and shows the power of art to enlarge our imagination. A true book lover's book."

Dai Sijie left China for France in 1984. This is his first novel, which became an immediate best seller. The rights were sold in 19 countries. It will soon be made into a film.

"The Good Earth," by Pearl S. Buck has been reprinted as one of Oprah's Book Club selections. This epic Pulitzer Prize-winning novel was published over 60 years ago. It is a classic view of China when the last emperor reigned and the political upheavals were coming. It is a must read for those who appreciate the sweeping changes that have occurred in the lives of the Chinese people during this century.

Colorado Edge online

The state puts out an advertising piece giving 10 reasons to do business in Colorado.

They break the state up into regions. According to the Edge, our region has a population of 83,967. The counties include Archuleta, Dolores, LaPlata, Montezuma and San Juan. Major cities include Pagosa (1,625); Durango (15,254); Bayfield (1,750) Projected regional population in 2010: 100,250. Per capita income: $24,820. Labor force: 46,820. Unemployment rate: 4.7 percent.

Land use survey

Rumor has it that we've been discovered again, and speculators are buying up all available real estate. If you haven't filled out your county planning survey, this may be your last chance to have a voice in what our county looks like in the coming years. We have copies of the survey at the library. You may pick one up, fill it out and return it to the library.

And don't forget to pick up a copy of the League of Women Voters' guide to the various ballot issues you will be voting on. It's a long ballot - be prepared.

Business, economic data

We have Web sites for general and specific resources to assist businesses. Ask for a copy at the desk.

School research topics

The State Publications Library sent a list of notable Internet resources for educators and students. These Web sites provide unusual information about our state.

Colorado Main Streets

Another program from the State Historical Society and the Colorado State Library is allowing you to take "walking" tours of five Colorado communities right on your desktop.

Each virtual walking tour presents digital images of historic buildings, structures and sites along with information about their architectural details.

Visitors to Colorado's Main Streets can also learn about the importance of historic preservation to our communities and how to get involved.

Educators will find classroom lesson plans that instruct students on the importance of historic architecture for each of the tours. Visit the Molly Brown House and Museum and move from site to site, building to building while learning about their importance to the community. We hope a tour of Pagosa won't be too far in the future. The walking Web site is cdheritage.org/mainstreets/. Please use the www in front of the cdheritage.


Thanks to Don and Ethel Rasnic for memorial gifts to the building fund in memory of Fay Brown and Fitzhugh Havens. Thanks to Bill Queen for his contribution. Thanks for materials from Barbara Blackburn, Lauren Huddleston and Roseanne Pitcher.

Arts Line

Donna Wagel's 'Old Truck'

wins peoples choice award

By Leanne Goebel

PREVIEW Columnist

"Old Truck," a watercolor by intermediate and junior high school art teacher Donna Wagle, won the People's Choice award at the first-ever Juried Art Show at the PSAC Gallery in Town Park. The prize is $50.

Congratulations Donna!

'Healing the Arts'

At "Healing the Arts in Colorado," Cheryl Bezio-Gorham from the Colorado Association of Non-Profit Organizations (CANPO) led a workshop in grant writing that was one of the most highly attended events that day.

Grant writing is one of the most important skills needed for a nonprofit organization. Private foundations and government agencies provide grant money to fulfill a mission and meet the needs of a community. But grant writing can be complicated and overwhelming.

Fortunately, Colorado's philanthropic community utilizes a common grant application format designed to enable nonprofits to spend less time processing the same information in many different formats for different foundations, thus allowing them to devote more time to the mission of their organization.

The common grant application format includes a cover letter tailored to address the interests and specific priorities of the funding source and the amount requested. Second, a summary of applicant organization form that provides your organizations name, address, executive director, contact person, phone, fax, and purpose of grant, brief description of the request, your organizational budget, program budget, and the amount of request. This form will be signed and dated by the president of the board of directors or the executive director.

Often this form is available for download on each funder's Web site.

Third, a narrative, not to exceed three pages, that includes:

- the organization's mission statement, goals and objectives;

- a brief summary of the organization's history and a description of current programs and activities;

- the purpose of the grant, number of people served and how they will benefit from the funds;

- a description of the goals and objectives for the purpose of the grant;

- a description of activities planned to accomplish these goals;

- a timetable for implementation;

- a list of other organizations participating in the activity; and

- most importantly, a long-term strategy for funding at the end of the grant period.

The narrative must also include an evaluation of the expected results during the funding period, how your organization will define and measure success and an explanation of how the project's results will be used or disseminated.

Fourth, a list of attachments. This will include the name, occupation, and community affiliation of your board of directors; an antidiscrimination policy; a list of staff members and their qualifications; your most recent audited year-end financial statements; a current agency budget; an annual report; the program, event, or project budget; a copy of the original IRS determination letter indicating 501(c)(3) or 509(a) tax exempt status; a list of major contributors and the amount they have given to your organization or program; a list of volunteer involvement, number of hours and any in-kind contributions.

The Common Grant Application is available on many foundation Web sites. It is also available from CANPO at www.canpo.org or the Colorado Association of Foundations at www.coloradofunders.org.

One of the most important, and yet most basic aspects of grant writing, is understanding what your organization offers to the community and why it is unique. Why your organization should be funded over another similar organization? How do you run your business? And do you have a valid mission and are you fulfilling that mission and reaching goals that your organization has set for itself?

It is also critical to understand and define your project, which, in essence, is understanding why you need funds. How will your work impact or interact with your community? Who will you serve? What specific goals will you reach? What processes will you use to evaluate your success? And your cover letter should be short, but passionate. It really needs to grab the reader.

In grant writing, follow all guidelines. Be sure to allow enough time to submit by the deadline. Try to submit early. Make sure the proposal is typed. Have someone review the document and be sure to include everything.

Volunteers needed

Are you available Oct. 15, 22, 23, 26 or 29? Want to earn $5 per hour credit toward an art class? Then volunteer to help out at the gallery in Town Park.

Shifts are from noon-3 p.m. or 3-6 p.m. Contact Victoria at 264-5020. There is a calendar available for sign-up, and training is included for new volunteers.

Holiday gallery tour

Plans are under way for the second annual Gala Holiday Gallery Tour to kick off the holiday season. It will be held 5-7:30 p.m. Friday, Nov. 19. Eight galleries will participate, each featuring many local artists and handcrafted items.

Free theatre ticket

Fort Lewis College provides a 10-percent discount on groups of 14 with one free ticket to the sponsor setting it up/collecting the funds. Group tickets need to be purchased prior to show dates, with payment sent to FLC at one time. Tickets can either be mailed or are available at Will Call allowing patrons to arrive for the show as they wish, and not as a group.

Instead of everyone coming on one night, different night purchases are allowed, but all tickets must be ordered at the same time. Here is an upcoming show:

- "Skins," 7:30- p.m. Nov. 4, 5, 6, 11, 13 and 2:30 p.m. Nov. 14 in the Mainstage Theatre, Fort Lewis College. Tickets are $10 general admission, $8 seniors and $5 students.

Contemporary artist

DECAF (Durango Exhibitions and Contemporary Arts Forum) a contemporary art advocacy group, provides artists an opportunity to engage in contemporary art issues, and practices including installation and performance works.

Artists or patrons interested in promoting the visibility and understanding of contemporary art through exhibitions, performances, happenings, and educational events can call Jules Masterjohn at 382-0756 for more information.

Ongoing workshops

Beginning Watercolor with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett, 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. every Monday and Wednesday at the Fairfield Activities Center. Call 731-8060 to reserve a spot for only $25.

Upcoming workshops

Watercolor Basics II, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Nov. 3, 4, 5, at the community center with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett. Cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members. Call PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

Perspective, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m . Nov. 10, 11, 12 at the community center with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett. Cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members. Perspective students must work in a quick-drying medium, so no oil paint please. Call PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

"Signature Gift and Greeting Card Workshop" with Betty Slade. 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Nov. 18 at the community center. Personalize your gifts and packages this year with watercolor and acrylic images. Betty Slade will demonstrate how to paint a signature Christmas Card and other gifts.

Some of the items that will be available are hand-painted stationary, book markers and gift tags. Other items will be on hand to paint such as checkbook covers, floor coverings, lampshades, and tote bags.

Betty will have many fun ideas to create. Cost is $35 for the class and $5 for supplies. The supply packet will include cards and envelopes, book markers and gift tags. Students will need to bring their own brushes, acrylic and watercolor paints. Bring a lunch. There will be a 30-minute break at noon.

Betty Slade has been painting since 1965. She paints in oils, watercolors, acrylics and pastels. She owned her own Signature Art Gallery in Albuquerque, was active with the Dallas Wholesale Show for many years and is the owner of the Hi Slade Publishing Company which prints and publishes serigraph and lithograph prints and cards.

Betty Slade owns and oversees the Blanco Dove Artist and Writer's Retreat Center on the Lower Blanco Road. The Center is set up for overnight guests, artist and writer workshops and groups who want to pull away and create. You can view Betty's "Art at the Center" during the month of November by appointment.

Extension workshops

Master Class in Oil Painting, 6:30-8:30 p.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays, Oct. 14-Nov. 18. This course is designed to provide intermediate level students with an even deeper foundation of oil painting. You will be provided a sound understanding of materials and techniques in the use of color and design, as well as the varied ways the combination of all of these elements may be used to foster the student's personal visual expressions.

Class projects will include still-life work, portrait and/or self-portrait work, landscape work, exterior/interior work, and copy/inclusion work. Intermediate painting skills are necessary. John Maxon is a visiting instructor of art in the Fort Lewis College Department of Art. As an artist in the fields of drawing, painting, and sculpture, Maxon has had many solo as well as group exhibitions in not only galleries but also museums across the country.

Woodworking, Tuesdays and Thursdays, Oct. 19-Dec. 2, 6:30-9:30 p.m.

Jewelry Making, 6-8:30 p.m. Tuesdays, Oct. 19-Nov. 16, 6-8:30 p.m. Peggy Maloney holds M.A. and M.F.A. degrees from the University of New Mexico. She has many years of experience teaching drawing and jewelry making at San Juan College in New Mexico. Maloney is an adjunct professor in the art department at Fort Lewis College. She is a regionally exhibited artist.

How to Get Your Book Published, 9 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 23. Learn the elements of - and how to write - a convincing query letter; the fundamentals of a compelling book proposal; how to find, and deal with a literary agent; which publishers to approach for different genres of books; the basics of a publishing contract -advances, rights, royalties, copyright, sales, marketing, etc.; and much more. William R. Gray was a writer, editor, photographer, and publisher for more than thirty years with the National Geographic Society.

Basketry for Gardeners, Saturday, Oct. 23, 9 a.m.-4 p.m.

Adobe Photoshop, Monday and Wednesday, Oct. 25 and 27, 5:30-9:30 p.m.

For more information, please contact Fort Lewis College Extended Studies Program at 247-7385, visit them on campus at 450 Berndt Hall, e-mail monson_m@fortlewis.edu or log on to www.fortlewis.edu, click on Community & Culture then Extended Studies.

Ideas wanted

The calendar of events is getting shorter which signifies that fall is here. Submit your workshop ideas, proposals, and recommendations to the Pagosa Springs Arts Council and let's fill out that calendar.

Gallery gift shop

The gift shop at the gallery in Town Park is available to local artisans. Please consider consigning your original work in our store. Contact PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

Opportunities for artists

"Spirit in Hand" Holiday Exhibit and Sale at the Durango Arts Center, Dec. 14-24. "Spirit in Hand" is an opportunity for fine craftspeople and local artists to share their inspired and creative work with the community during the holiday season. This juried sale will feature fine crafts and arts in the Barbara Conrad Gallery. Artists creating original, unique gift items in ceramics, jewelry, fiber, metal, glass, wood, paper, calligraphy, photography, sculpture, printmaking, painting, and drawing are invited to apply. Fine craft items are the focus of the sale. No reproductions or color copies allowed. Items should range in price from $15-$350. Participants should plan to have a minimum of 12 items in the sale, with additional back stock available. A maximum of four slides or photographs must be submitted for the selection process. Applications must be received by Oct. 22. Entry fee is $15 for DAC members and $30 for nonmembers. Contact DAC at 259-2606 or e-mail info@durangoarts.org.

Durango Arts and Crafts Conference, Oct. 22-24 at the Strater Hotel. For information, contact Renate Widder, 699 Main Avenue, Durango, CO 81301, call (866) 453-0005 or e-mailinfo@strater.com.

Costa Rican Adventure

Join artist Cynthia Padilla for a fantastic tour of Costa Rica. Journal, draw, paint, photograph or just enjoy this tropical paradise March 19-26, 2005. The tour departs from Denver and arrives in San Jose. On day two, drive to San Carlos, visit the Arenal Volcano, and swim in Tabacón Hot Springs. Day three travel north to the Caño Negro Lake and Wildlife Reserve where you will enjoy a boat trip with exotic birds such as osprey, storks, and herons. Day four travel to Santa Rosa Park and stay in a jungle lodge, take a hike or go horseback riding. Day five, journey to the Guanacaste, one of the last tropical dry forests on the planet, stop at Santa Rosa National Park, and then arrive at your seaside hotel. Day six is a free beach day or choose to take a snorkeling excursion. Day seven, return to San Jose for dinner and prepare for your return to Denver on day eight. You must enroll by Nov. 1, 2004.

For more information contact Leanne at 731-1841 or e-mail her at lgoebel@centurytel.net. Or pick up a brochure at the gallery in Town Park.


Oct. 5-30 - Trio Exhibit: Joycelyn Audette, Katherine Barr, and Lisa Pedolsky at Durango Arts Center.

Oct. 22-24 - Durango Arts and Crafts Conference at the Strater Hotel.

Oct. 23 - Writer's group meets at Jerry Hannah's noon-5 p.m.

Oct. 24 - Salon at Jerry Hannah's with local writers, artists, musicians begins at 1 p.m. Contact Leanne 731-1841 for more information.

Nov. 1 - Enrollment deadline for Costa Rican Adventure Tour with Cynthia Padilla.

Nov. 3-5 - Watercolor Basics II, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m., community center.

Nov. 5 - Outsider Art: Visions from the Edge, reception with the artists, Durango Arts Center, 5-7 p.m.

Nov. 11-12 - Perspective workshop, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m., community center.

Nov. 5-Dec. 10 - Outsider Art: Visions from the Edge, at Durango Arts Center.

Nov. 19 -Gala Gallery Tour in Pagosa, 5-7:30 p.m.

March 19-16, - Costa Rican Adventure Tour with Cynthia Padilla.

July 24, 2005 - Home and garden tour.

Food for Thought

Vanity: The yolk of a perfectly-cooked egg

By Karl Isberg

SUN Columnist

We've all got to stand out, don't we?

I'm sitting with my reprobate pals in a local restaurant. We gather there most weekdays to drink coffee, tell lies. It's the only place that will have us.

We're in the process of deciding who we'll pick on when I look up from the table. A group of men is coming in the front door.

I can't believe it.

There, at the front of the restaurant, is one of the goofiest guys I've ever seen. I've seen fellows who looked every bit as idiotic, but they were in the circus and paid to look like morons.

This guy is obviously in town to go hunting and he is dressed the way so many flatlanders dress when they head to the high country: denim-clad, sporting a cowboy hat and snappy looking cowboy boots.

The getup, in itself, is not bizarre. Nope, this scrawny specimen wears his goofiness on his face, in the form of the gaudiest mustache I've ever seen. This includes mustaches of old, spied in photographs of Victorian merchants and etchings depicting Pashas from exotic lands.

How to describe it?

The beast is white and curves up at its ends. But this is no Salvador Dali imitation, slender tendrils waxed and teased into graceful curves at each corner of the mouth. No, these monsters are like bloated ice cream cones, huge things tapered like boar tusks, arcing out and up, the thick tips level with the brim of the bozo's hat.

Obviously, the guy long ago gave up hope of securing female company not regularly and heavily medicated.

Obviously, he is self-employed.

If the point is to draw attention to himself, the guy has hit pay dirt. His vanity has blossomed.

The betusked chap is a sterling example of our "Hey, look at me!," common denominator culture - a culture that rewards mere being instead of real achievement, that prizes a moment, however brief, in which an individual intrudes in the lives of others. All in the name of self-expression.

It's a culture in which more and more young men have no other way to signal their existence than to turn up the volume on their car sound systems to glass-shattering volume, in which tympanic damage signals status. It's a culture where myriad high school vocalists butcher the national anthem, and everyone cheers as if they've heard an aria by Beverly Sills.

It is a culture in which people make their mark on the universe with high-tech gestures. They use cell phones in public places and operate on the theory that they need to shout into the devices, believing everyone around them is as fascinated by the mundane text of their conversation as they are.

I encounter this "Hey, look at me," as I peruse Thomas Keller's "French Laundry Cookbook" at a Pueblo bookstore last weekend. Thomas and I are poaching lobster in butter when I hear: "Hey, yeah man thanks for callin'. Yeah, yeah, far out, har har har. Yeah I still got two of 'em: a male and a female. They are soooo cooooool. Tails are already trimmed. They're brutes man. You gotta see 'em."

At this point Young Master Vapor Lock looses a string of obscenities designed to emphasize the majesty of the Rottweiler breed.

Vain Hambone is making his presence known, expressing himself. He is loud, he is important, he is obvious. He is also all the way across the bookstore and everyone in the barn-like establishment is required to bear witness to his single-digit-IQ, testosterone-saturated dialogue. To his vanity.

Commonplace vanity has left polite society in tatters. We are assailed by electronic Huns, assaulted by grotesqueries. Everyone is important, unique. And in a world where everyone is important and unique, no one is important and unique.

Popular culture fertilizes vanity and encourages its increasingly empty expressions.

By nearly all of us.

How many of us can say we've never driven the cul de sac of vanity?

I know it well.

It is a desperate street because you always end up exactly where you started - with the stark fact of your need, all trappings and strategy to the contrary. Despite your posturing, the exacting creation of veneer, what confronts an observer is the poignant and paper-thin attempt to embellish yourself, to make yourself stand out.

Koheleth said it a long time ago, and said it best. It is futile, and pursuit of wind.

Me, I'm currently chasing wind by losing weight. It's the thing to do, you know: If you're thinner, you can pursue the wind in speedier fashion.

I've got a legitimate excuse, dropping pounds in order to lower my blood pressure. If I do so, I can avoid medication.

But, there's another reason, lurking behind the veneer.


I believe, more often than I should, that, at 58 years of age, I will look better if I am thinner.

I'm as good an example of the embarrassment of vanity as the clown with the bizarre mustache or the pinhead with the loud car. The reality: I'm not going to look better thin than I do fat. I was unappealing when I was fatter and a check of my unclad body in a full-length mirror reveals I am just as odd looking 35 pounds lighter. But, vanity plays its tricks even as I confront the unvarnished evidence in reflected light. I turn, pose, check myself in profile. I still look like a silverback gorilla - just a smaller version. But, as I stare, if I try hard enough, I make out a hint of musculature. Bingo, I am satisfied; I am a stud.

That's the worm at the core of the vanity apple, isn't it? To be successfully vain, we must be delusional. We cannot see what others see. The image we meet in the mirror must be radically transformed by desire.

I think about this as I drive home from the eastern plains of the state, cresting La Veta Pass, motoring into the San Luis Valley , past lines of brilliant bosques. The sun is setting and I'm hungry.

My new dietary regimen bans white food. If food is white (save chicken, fish, protein of any sort), I avoid it: white rice, refined flour, potatoes, refined sugar, pasta, the like. Plus, no corn. My kitchen experience has been diminished but, being vain, I consider myself a magician with pots and pans. I'm still as good as ever, aren't I?

I need something that can be prepared quickly.

I need something with character, something zippy.

I've cut back my consumption of red meat to once every two weeks, but I decide I'm going to do something with beef. I crave the iron.

I run through a list of options as I come over Wolf Creek Pass and head for the grocery.

I'll whip up a small stack - one for me and one for Kathy - a take on the enchilada torta I've written about before. Only this time, I can't use corn tortillas, and I can't bake an enchilada casserole using regular white flour tortillas.

I am going to have to use whole wheat tortillas.

Make no mistake: Whole wheat tortillas are one of the worst food products ever invented. Don't let a health geek tell you otherwise; they are apologists for inferior-tasting foods and they can't be trusted.

Listen to me: Whole wheat flour tortillas are an abomination. If you are not required to avoid the real things, all full of refined flour and lard, don't even look at whole wheat flour tortillas when you pass them in the store. They were created by someone without a soul.

Me, I buy a pack of whole wheat tortillas; I'm going to need them to create the stack. Remember, I'm so good, I can transform a whole wheat tortilla into gold leaf. What I don't use for dinner I'll use as roofing material.

Ground beef. Gotta be a fancy-schmantsy, no antibiotic, no hormone, no blend of mystery parts of 11,000 cows kind of ground beef. I find some.

I buy a can of diced tomatoes in sauce, a can of chipotle peppers in adobo sauce, a can of low sodium beef stock, a white onion, a pasilla pepper, some cilantro, a head of garlic, some sharp cheddar cheese and a pack of shredded jack. I add a can of black beans and a package of herb spring mix to fill out the menu.

The rest of what I need, I've got at home: eggs, cumin, oregano, cherry tomatoes.

I saute the beef in a bit of olive oil - nailing it with salt, pepper, some dried oregano and cumin powder - then add sliced onion and pasilla and continue to cook until the meat is brown and the vegetables soft. I create a well at the center of the pan into which I deposit a mess of tomatoes in sauce, allowing the fruit to cook and sweeten, seasoning it with additional cumin and oregano and a bit of chopped cilantro. I dice two chipotles and throw them in along with a spoon of adobo sauce. For good measure, in goes a teaspoon of ground Espanola red. I mix the meat and tomato and toss in four or five cloves of garlic, minced. Then, in goes a cup or so of the beef broth. I simmer the mix, amplifying the flavor with more oregano and cumin as the liquid reduces by half.

The stack is simple. Since I'm in a hurry, I forgo the oven in favor of the microwave.

On to a plate goes a bit of the sauce from the meat mixture and a quarter of a whole wheat tortilla is placed on the bed of sauce. On the wedge goes some meat and a mess of shredded cheddar and jack. Another wedge, more meat, more cheese. And so on, to level four. On top of the stack goes more of the sauce, and more cheese.

Into the micro it goes, for a few minutes, until all is hot and gooey.

A sprinkle of chopped cilantro goes on top when the stack is removed from the microwave and a wad of heated black beans is slopped to the side. A few greens nestle next to the stack, crowned with some cherry tomatoes, and the dish is ready for a grace note.

A grace note driven by my vanity.

An egg. Either a perfectly cooked poached egg, or an equally perfect fried egg.

Why is this an example of vanity?

Because I cook eggs better than anyone I know. That's why.

A poached egg is easy, the egg cracked into a small dish then slid oh so gently into shimmering hot water to which a bit of vinegar has been added. The white is carefully sculpted around the yolk and the finished product is removed with a slotted spoon and, oh so gently, damped dry on its underside on a soft kitchen towel.

But, this takes too long, so I opt for the fried egg.

Nothing hard about that you say?

Then why are so many fried eggs awful? Tough, glassy, rubbery, browned?

Because they are abused by a clod who tries to fry the eggs too quickly.

I heat a nonstick pan over medium heat and melt a ton of butter in the pan. I crack the egg into a shallow bowl first, to avoid placing a broken yolk in the frying pan. I slide the egg into the hot butter, add a bit of kosher salt and fresh-ground black pepper and watch as the white begins to turn opaque. Then, down goes the heat to low, until the white is cooked. The silky, soft egg goes on top of the stack.

A fork pierces the yolk of the egg and the contents ooze out.

Like the pride of a vain man, when he realizes he will never catch the wind.


Cruising with Cruse

Farewell, dear readers

By Katherine Cruse

SUN Columnist

Dear Readers:

After five years of writing this column non-stop, week in and week out, it's time to hang up the keyboard. I am taking a break.

From my first column about chasing a bear from the garbage can by hollering out the window, "Shoo, bear!" to the final series about traveling with my mother, you have been a loyal, supportive audience. And I thank you for it.

To those of you who have said, of one column or another, "I can really relate to that" - thank you.

To those of you who have shared your stories with me, of your own trips to the dump, or your own children's science fair projects, or your own adventures clearing the snow - thank you.

To those of you who read a column and said, "You could have called me for help" - thank you.

To those of you who said, "Why don't you do a column on this or that?" - thank you.

To those of you who have said something that triggered an idea for a column - thank you.

To those of you who have said, "I always read your column" and in the next breath ask what's new in my life - thank you.

To those of you who were so incensed by something I wrote that you took the time to send a letter to the editor - thank you.

To those of you who defended me against the critics - thank you.

To those of you who called me or sent letters of support through the cancer time - thank you.

To the friend who said, "You're the consummate nostalgia writer, because you help people recall their own experiences" - thank you.

To those of you who said, "Thanks for writing that" - thank you.

To those of you who have said, "I loved your column" - thank you.

To those of you who said, "I laughed until the tears ran" - thank you.

To those of you who bought my book - thank you. (There are still copies available)

Writing this column has been a great experience, an adventure.

From time to time some of you have asked, "Do you ever have trouble thinking of things to write about?" The answer is, sometimes. But always some idea presented itself.

One time only did the paper's deadline pass and I had no column. That evening I ran into Karl Isberg at some function. "Where's your column?" he growled. "I can't think of anything," I whimpered. "You will," he said. "I want it in the morning." He was right. I don't remember what I wrote about, but there was a column in that week's paper.

I can now write 1,000 words on just about any topic at the drop of the proverbial hat. Except maybe this time.

If my memory hasn't totally failed, there were three times in this five years that my column did not appear; once Karl said there was not enough room and twice I forgot to send in the piece before the deadline passed.

Occasionally I had two or three or even four columns already written and waiting to be sent. Talk about feeling secure. I have some ideas for future columns waiting in the wings, but they're not going to get written. So you won't get to read about professional book group leaders, or Mr. Toodles, or Victoria Woodhull. Somehow, I know we'll all survive.

Over the years I have shared my hikes, skiing, fly fishing, rafting, bits of history or other knowledge that I found interesting. You know when I went on a trip, and where. You've been patient when I griped about airport security.

You've read about my parents and my grandchild. You've asked about Hotshot's nickname (It just came, out of the blue, as I was writing about our first big snow storm here.)

You, dear readers, have supported me, offered suggestions for columns, not complained too loudly when you saw yourself quoted, offered ideas for nicknames. You have let me write about you as well as for you.

You've been a wonderful "audience."

Through the years you have made me feel special. And you have kept me humble. I couldn't ask for more.

Thank you.


Extension Viewpoints

Care for trees during construction

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Oct. 14 - 4-H Web Page meeting, Extension office, 2 p.m.

Quick Facts...

Evaluate established, healthy trees to see if preservation is worthwhile and feasible.

Involve all parties in planning for tree preservation.

Establish specific guidelines to prevent tree injury.

Proper-sized barricades around trees can minimize injury. Mechanized equipment can damage tree trunks, root systems and soil structure.

Soil compaction and grade changes limit root growth, causing dieback and death.

Value, health, lifespan

Shade trees add to the value of residential and commercial properties. During construction, established, healthy trees can be preserved with little effort or expense. Many trees are valuable enough to justify the extra concern.

Have a government forester, licensed arborist or certified tree appraiser evaluate every tree to see if preservation is worthwhile. Consider location, present size, future size, species, vigor, cost of preservation, and removal cost.

Recognize that it is impossible to save every tree. Visualize the future landscape when evaluating trees for preservation. If plans call for preserving existing trees near buildings or in landscapes, the trees should be sufficiently healthy to justify preservation.

Some large, mature trees are not structurally sound or in good enough condition to warrant preservation. Older trees do not adapt to environmental changes as well as younger trees. It may be more practical to protect a 1- to 8-inch diameter tree than a larger, more mature tree. If necessary, move small trees with a tree spade or replace them. Certain species adapt better to environmental change than others.

The root system

Tree root systems contain large, perennial roots and small, short-lived absorbing roots. Large, woody roots grow horizontally and are mostly in the top 6 to 24 inches of the soil. Their main functions include water and mineral transport, food and water storage, and anchorage.

Smaller absorbing roots, averaging 1/16 inch in diameter, constitute the majority of the root system's surface area. These roots grow outward and upward from the large roots, near the soil surface where minerals, water and oxygen are abundant. Their major function is to absorb water and minerals.

The root zone extends horizontally from the tree for a distance at least equal to the tree's height. Preserve at least 50 percent of the root system to maintain a healthy tree. During summer construction, trees require adequate water, enough to saturate the soil, every one to two weeks.

The planning process

To avoid short- and long-term problems, early in the planning process consult all parties involved in the project: homeowner, contractor, architect, engineer, arborist, etc. Once trees are selected for preservation, include specific preservation methods in the project plans and contracts.

All parties should be aware of and agree to the consequences for noncompliance. To ensure compliance, contractors should have tree preservation bonds to cover noncompliance fines. Fines are based on species, tree value, and the amount and type of damage done. These bonds create an additional incentive for compliance. Before construction, conduct on-site meetings with all parties, with special emphasis on educating the project contractor. Give each worker or contractor handouts outlining the preservation activities. Post highly-visible barricades and signs as a constant reminder of the protected areas. Preventing damage is less costly than correcting it.

Preventing injury

Set contractor guidelines for tree protection within contracts.

Such guidelines include: prominently mark protected areas; erect barricades around designated trees; avoid vehicular traffic or parking in restricted areas; and prohibit material storage, grading, and dumping of chemicals and other materials in restricted areas. The optimal size of barricaded areas varies by tree size, species and construction project.

For recently planted trees (one to four years), the area under the branches (dripline) should be adequate.

For minimal protection of trees older than four years, barricades should have a 1-foot radius per inch of diameter, with a wood chip mulch 4 to 6 inches deep extending to the dripline. If low branches will be kept, place the fence outside the dripline.

Examine trees and barricades at least once a week during construction.

Soil compaction

After a tree is established, any activity that changes the soil condition is extremely detrimental to its health.

Construction traffic compacts soil most severely near the surface, the area where the majority of tree roots lie. This compaction decreases soil permeability, increases soil strength and reduces soil oxygen. These factors limit root growth, reduce tree vigor and can cause tree death.

When root growth is restricted by compacted soils, less nutrients and water are available for plant growth. Soil compaction also limits other processes such as gas exchange and surface and subsurface drainage. Decline and dieback may gradually appear over a period of years.

It is easier to avoid soil compaction than to correct it. Keep construction traffic and material storage away from tree root areas. Mulch with 4 to 6 inches of wood chips around all protected trees to help reduce compaction from vehicles that inadvertently cross the barricades.

Direct tree injury

There are four general forms of direct tree injury caused by mechanized equipment: bark removal, branch breakage, surface grading and trenching injury.

Bark removal or "skinning" of the trunk can be caused by any type of equipment. This can easily kill the tree, because it cannot survive without bark.

Breakage of lower branches may make the tree unsightly or remove too many leaves, causing stress.

Surface grading removes surface vegetation and topsoil that contains many absorbing roots. Also, injury often occurs to the tree base.

Trenching near trees can severely damage root systems. Trenching for utilities can also cause substantial root damage and should be done far away from existing trees. In new developments, this can be done easily.

Where the trench must pass under or near a tree, avoid substantial injury by using a power auger to bore a tunnel under the roots. If trenching is unavoidable, place the trench as far from the trunk as possible (minimum 8 feet), cutting as few roots as possible. Cleanly prune cut roots and refill trenches as soon as possible to prevent excessive moisture loss. Wounds make the tree highly susceptible to root pathogens and decay fungi. Decline and death can result if more than 40 percent of the stem or roots are damaged or killed. Stressed trees are also more susceptible to insects such as bark beetles and borers.

Soil fills

When fill is added around a tree base, it acts as a blanket and prevents normal air and moisture circulation to the roots. It subjects roots to improper gas exchange and can lead to carbon dioxide or toxic gas buildup.

Minor fills (less than 3 inches) will not harm most trees. The topsoil should be high in organic matter and have good drainage properties-it should not be clay.

Major changes in grading require an air supply to the roots. This can be accomplished with a drywell. A drywell is a system of drain tiles covered with small stones and soil fill. It is designed to allow air to circulate within the upper root area. These systems can be effective but they are expensive to install.

Early symptoms of decline from excessive fill are small leaf size and premature fall coloration. Dieback of twigs and progressive dying of larger stems in the upper crown also occurs. This dieback may not be noticed for several years, depending on tree species and initial tree health.

Soil cuts

Lowering the grade usually is less complicated than fills, but can be equally harmful. Where the grade has been changed near a tree, the most common damage is the complete severing of major roots in that area. This can cause decline, death or decreased stability to high winds.

To protect the tree, terrace the grade or build a retaining wall between the tree and the lower grade. Walls should encompass an area extending at least to the drip line.

Pruning injured trees

Trees with injured roots may show branch dieback quickly or within a few months.

Prune dying branches to reduce insect and disease damage to the rest of the tree. Also prune to reduce any hazardous conditions on preserved trees.

It is better to wait until the tree dies back to see how much to prune than to arbitrarily remove parts of the crown because you assume the root system was damaged. Wildfire regulations may require pruning to a height of 10 feet all trees around your home and outbuildings.


Pagosa Lakes News

Three lakes get new fish stocks

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

It's good fishing again. The fishes, like I, get hungry as the mercury drops.

To make things even more exciting for anglers, Larry Lynch with the Property Owners Association stocked three lakes last week with trout - 800 pounds of rainbow and 400 pounds of brown trout in Hatcher Lake; 800 pounds of 12- to 14-inch rainbows in Lake Pagosa; and 500 pounds of the same size trout (also rainbow) in Lake Forest.

Additionally, several 10-pound-plus cutbow trout were put into each of the three lakes to spice things up for this fall and next spring.

The lakes are cooling rapidly with water temperatures in the low 50s. Weeds are starting to go down in Lake Forest and Hatcher Lake and water quality is excellent. The water level in Village Lake has come up nicely over the past few weeks with the heavy rains and some additional water pumped in from Lake Pagosa.

Paving of the gravel pathway on North Pagosa Boulevard has begun. With good weather, the project should be completed in a couple of weeks. This is a PLPOA funded project with some monetary support in the amount of $12,000 from the Archuleta County Sidewalk Escrow fund.

The old deck at the recreation center has been torn out to be replaced. The crew from PLPOA has been hard at work replacing support beams, joists and new trex decking. The last 18 years of snow and ice dump off the roof had taken its toll. Next spring our members at the facility can look forward to an improved area for sunbathing.

Some folks like solitary workouts, others thrive on a more sociable environment because they like to enjoy the company of other people and to engage in a little chin-wag.

I recently read an article describing a German aerobics class. Participants take a 10-minute break for a smoke and a beer. People do what they want to do; it's their culture to have a beer and enhance enjoyment?

There will be a Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association meeting 7 p.m. today in the Pagosa Lakes clubhouse.

The meeting is open to all members and observers. Public comments are heard at the beginning of the meeting.

The following agenda was provided by PLPOA:

- call to order;

- approval of agenda;

- approval of minutes of Sept. 9 board meeting;

- general manager's report;

- public comments;

- treasurer's report (written report by treasurer Uehling);

- committee reports:

Recreation Center Committee - minutes of Sept. 22 meeting attached;

Lakes, Fisheries and Parks Committee - minutes of Sept. 8 meeting attached;

Ad hoc lake study committee - no meeting since last board meeting;

ECC agendas and minutes included in DCC report including ECC liaison Ray Finney's report.

- Old business: A review of trash and propane tank screening - declaration language, past resolutions and attorney comments included.

- Recurring business: Continued discussion of "Property Owners Involvement and Input Initiative" with notes from work session of Sept. 20 included.

- New Business:

A. Presentation by San Juan Water Conservancy District regarding upcoming mill levy increase ballot issue for purchase of a new reservoir site;

B. Placement of Village Lake buoy line. See letter from North Village Lake property owners Laura and Roy Bohn;

C. Proposed Association Incident Policy. The proposal has been reviewed and amended by association counsel. The cover letter to counsel is provided for review. It was sent to counsel and verbal amendment to the proposed policy language added afterward;

D. In accordance with association bylaws, a draft of the proposed 2005 budget is included in the board packet. No discussion is necessary this evening and a workshop is to be scheduled with the property owners, board of directors, general manager and department managers;

E. Proposal for increasing various construction and signage permit fees.

- Adjournment.



Thomas E. Thompson

Thomas Eugene Thompson, 63, died Sunday, Oct. 10, 2004, in his Pagosa Springs home.

He had moved from Lafayette, La., to Pagosa Springs in April of this year.

The son of James Clifford Earle Thompson and Eunice LaRue Hamock, he was born in Rochelle, La., Dec. 17, 1940.

He had worked in commercial radio as an owner and manager as well as disc jockey. A former Rotarian, he enjoyed woodworking, computers and music.

Mr. Thompson was preceded in death by his wife, Diana Dale.

Survivors include a son and daughter-in-law, Sean and Tracy Thompson, of Doylestown, Pa; and son and daughter-in-law John and Jennifer Thompson of Longview, Texas.

A time of memorial, prayer and scripture reading was led by the Rev. Louis Day at Pagosa Springs Funeral Options on Monday, Oct. 11, 2004.


Business News

Jackisch Drug

Jackisch Drug was established in 1929 and its tradition will be maintained by the new owner, Healthy Drugstore, which joined the Jackisch Drug family with its recent purchase of the business. Healthy Drugstore has committed itself to continuing the quality service and community involvement that has always been a hallmark of the longtime Pagosa establishment.

As part of that commitment, the current employees of Jackisch Drug will remain at the store and pharmacist Dick Alspach will be added as the new manager of the pharmacy. The new owners will make additions to the store's products and services. Ben and Rice will remain at the pharmacy on a part-time basis.

Pictured, from left, back row, are Alan and Debbie Nocita (corporate shareholders and officers), Rice Reavis, Candy Krenk (corporate shareholder and officer) Les Krenk (president, Hawaiian Pharmacist Association and corporate shareholder/officer) Ben Lynch, Rob Hooper (corporate officer and shareholder) and Crystal Dean.

In the front are Debbie Allen, Carol Mestas, Priscilla Rivas, Susan Hooper (corporate shareholder and officer) and Betty Willett.

Jackisch Drug, in downtown Pagosa Springs, is open 8:30 a.m.-6 p.m. weekdays, 9-5 on Saturdays.


Preview Profile

Kathi DeClark

Coordinator of United Way Southwest Colorado and Archuleta County


Where were you born?

"Lansing, Michigan."


Where did you go to school?

"I went to nursing school in Hagerstown, Maryland."


When did you arrive in Pagosa Springs?



What did you do before you arrived here?

"I was the vice president of Physician Development Hospital Corporation."


What are your job responsibilities?

"Fund-raising for 17 United Way programs."


What are the most enjoyable and least enjoyable aspects of your job?

"Getting to meet people in the community is the most enjoyable. The least enjoyable is getting near the end of campaign and fearing we won't make our goals."


What is your family background?

"I have a husband, Dale, eight children and four grandchildren."


What do you like best about the community?

"I like the beauty, the outdoors and the people."


What are your other interests?

"Hiking, skiing, and horseback riding and soon I am going to hunt for the first time."


Cards of Thanks


Dear Friends,

On Sept. 7 my wife, Jaye Duncan, had a massive brain hemorrhage and was flown to St. Mary's Hospital in Grand Junction. It was quite a scare. Exactly one month later I was finally able to bring her home where she is now slowly recuperating. Her prognosis is good.

We would like to thank all the thoughtful people for their cards, flowers, phone calls and prayers. We would especially like to thank the good people of Aspen Springs for contributing some of their hard-earned money for Jaye at the Turkey Springs Trading Post. We are forever in your debt.

Thank you!


Jaye and DC Duncan

 Friends in need

A big thank you to Dani Girl, Veronica Chavez, Karen and Billy Fillmore, the Roeders, Pete and Marilyn Dach, Don and Linda Langenhorst, Zane Rasnic, Mary and Willie Lewis, Steve Resler, Herb and Dorie, Dave Nelson family, Father John and the Knights of Columbus and also all the people who were involved in the bake sale - the bakers and buyers (I heard it was all good). Also, all the ones who bought raffle tickets and donated to it.

Thanks to Patti and the girls at the AmPride for their support and letting us have a drop-off spot for so many things.

Thanks to Tony, Nobleese and Ventura for donating firewood and Bob, Carla Fuller and Les for coming down and splitting the wood for us.

Thanks to the neighbors who provided all the wonderful meals when I got home.

Thank you everyone for all the help on my long trip of healing and I have a long way to go.

You all touched my heart deeply. Thanks again and God bless you all.

Bernice Orton




Jerry and Cindi Owen of Pagosa Springs, and Layne and Melissa Ballard of Waxahachie, Texas would like to announce the engagement of their son, Kyle Ballard, to Casey Tolles, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Reed Tolles of La Porte, Texas. The couple plans a Nov. 20 wedding in Dallas. They will reside in Carrollton, Texas.



Joel M. Lomasney

Joel Michael Lomasney, son of Henry and Jane Lomasney of Pagosa Springs, has been commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps.

The ceremony took place Oct. 2 in Seattle.

Joel received his degree in physics from the University of Kansas in spring, 2004.

He is making a brief stopover in Pagosa Springs en route to his next duty station.


Sports Page

Pagosa stuns Monte 6-0 in defensive classic

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

For locals of both communities, it's become a classic story of gridiron rivalry: Pagosa Springs versus Monte Vista.

And the latest chapter in the Intermountain League saga was etched Friday night when Pagosa's No. 10-ranked breed of Pirates traveled to Monte Vista to take on the No. 6 Pirates of the San Luis Valley.

In what proved to be a defensive stare-down, it was evident from early on that defeat might afflict whoever blinked first - and with four minutes and 45 seconds to play in the game, Monte blinked.

The result was a hard-earned, 6-0 Pagosa victory that gave head coach Sean O'Donnell's squad sole possession of the top spot in the IML standings at 2-0, 5-1 overall.

Pregame workouts were ripe with nervous energy and after a national anthem marked by anxious leg-twitching along both sidelines, Pagosa got the chance to do first damage, opening the game from its own 17-yard line.

After a slow start, Pagosa moved to its 49 on a third-down strike from senior quarterback Paul Armijo to junior tight end Craig Schutz, but was forced to punt on fourth and 3 from the Monte 44 shortly after crossing midfield.

Monte set out from its own 20 after Armijo's punt carried into the end zone, and proceeded to drive across midfield under the guidance of quarterback Sigi Rodriguez.

But Pagosa took over on downs after Monte's fourth and one try from the Pagosa 39 was blown up in the backfield by Juan Martinez, Bubba Martinez and Richard Lafferty.

Monte's defensive unit answered quickly by intercepting at the Pagosa 46, and Rodriguez threw deep to Jarrod Gibbons two plays later, setting up first and goal at the 7 with 2:02 to play in the first quarter.

The home team would come away empty, however, as Bubba Martinez sacked Rodriguez for a loss to the 14, then blocked a fourth-down field goal attempt to give Pagosa possession at the 37 late in the frame.

After the teams switched ends at the gun, junior running back Josh Hoffman led the Pagosa ground attack early in the second and Armijo was on target to Jordan Shaffer and Paul Przybylski as the visitors marched inside the Monte 35 before an interception ended the drive at the 24.

With defense dominating, neither team could muster anything better than three and out in the proceeding minutes, and neither threatened until a failed, fake punt attempt by Monte gave Pagosa a chance at the Monte 34 at 1:18.

Pagosa crossed into the red zone as Armijo converted a third and long into first and 10 from the 19, but Monte's Chester Hatton spoiled the drive with an interception three plays later.

Rodriguez drained the remaining 25 seconds with a kneel-down and the half ended in a scoreless tie.

The defensive surge continued in the second half as an early third-down stop by Pagosa's Jake Reding and Jake Cammack had Monte kicking on its opening possession.

Then Pagosa went three and out after taking over at its own 38, and Monte was forced to punt from its red zone after moving backward on the resulting series.

Pagosa set out from its 36 at the five-minute mark and began to establish an offensive rhythm: middle screen to Hoffman - first down by a nose, Armijo up the middle - first down by a nose, reverse to Daniel Aupperle - first down ...

By the end of the quarter, the pattern had repeated to the Monte 33, earning a standing ovation from the visiting crowd and causing a nervous stir in the home stands.

Pagosa's expectations heightened further when Aupperle took a screen to the Monte 20 early in the final stanza, but a holding call doomed the drive and O'Donnell's crew was forced into punt formation on fourth and long.

Monte took over at its own 20 at 9:29 after Armijo's punt tumbled into the end zone, but a Rodriguez fumble three plays into the drive was recovered by Shaffer, and Pagosa began its game-winning campaign from the Monte 33.

The series began with Monte tallying two tackles for loss to bring up third and long, then Armijo hit Schutz at the 27 to set up a critical fourth and four at 6:30.

After an injury timeout, Armijo's keeper earned Pagosa a first down and a Monte facemask penalty moved the ball to the 12.

Consecutive carries by Armijo moved the visitors to the Monte 6, and the tie was broken on third and four as Armijo twisted into the end zone to put Pagosa in front 6-0 with 4:45 to play.

Monte blocked the extra-point attempt, but victory seemed imminent for Pagosa after three straight incompletions on Monte's ensuing possession resulted in a punt that rolled out of bounds at the Pagosa 25 with 4:22 remaining.

However, within the span of four plays, the teams traded possession twice as Monte recovered a fumble at the Pagosa 39, then Aupperle intercepted a sideline pass at the 14.

A facemask penalty helped Pagosa gain a first down and melt away the clock until Monte called its final timeout at 1:14 with Pagosa facing third and five from just outside its own 30.

When play resumed, Hoffman got the call and was initially slowed at the line, then carried several Monte defenders forward while powering for first-down yardage that sealed the deal for Pagosa.

Armijo knelt twice from the "victory" formation, and moments later O'Donnell congratulated his players on the win near midfield, telling them, "Do me a favor - when you sing the fight song tonight, make sure they can hear you in Pagosa Springs."

Then, during a postgame interview, O'Donnell praised his team for shutting out a Monte squad that entered the game averaging over 35 points per contest.

"The defense really stepped up tonight,"said O'Donnell. "They (Monte) have been hanging a lot of points on people this year and for our guys to hold them to zero, that was just awesome.

"I'm tickled to death to come out of this one with a six-nothing win," added O'Donnell.

"Offensively, it wasn't as pretty and we made a lot of mistakes tonight, but we were able to fight through them when we had to," said O'Donnell.

Regarding Hoffman's effort near the end, "It's just one of those things we ask kids to do that you can't teach or coach - they have to decide for themselves that they're going to get it done," said O'Donnell.

"Josh decided he was going to carry the pile for five yards tonight if he had to, and that's what he did," said the coach. "It was huge."

In conclusion, "We know we're in the driver's seat in our league right now," said O'Donnell.

"But this doesn't make us league champs, and we're not going to think of ourselves as league champs until we beat everybody," O'Donnell concluded.

Next up for Pagosa is a trip Friday to Alamosa High School for a nonleague duel with the Mean Moose. Game time is set for 7 p.m.


Pagosa 0 0 0 6-6

M. Vista 0 0 0 0-0

Fourth Quarter

Pag - Armijo 6 run (kick failed)


Pirates author soccer victory novella; hike record to 8-5

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

When Jesse Morris intercepted a Ridgway outlet pass just 3 minutes, 29 seconds into the game Saturday, the writing was on the wall for the visitors in Pagosa's Golden Peaks Stadium.

And the script for the Pirate's eighth consecutive victory was supplied by the usual authors, the Webb boys, with an outstanding cast of subnote contributors penning their own contributions.

Morris' steal led to the first Pirate score in a 6-1 victory. His long lead to Moe Webb created a lane for both Morris and Shan Webb to use.

Ridgway, obviously aware Moe was leading the state in scoring as the day began, doubled on him. Morris drew a defender away and Shan Webb, running left wing, was open for a cross from Moe - and the goal.

Shan came close to a second goal two minutes later when Levi Gill's reverse drop left Webb wide open but his kick sailed over the net.

After a block by Pagosa's Derek Monks and a second by Caleb Ormonde, Pirate keeper Caleb Forrest penned a quick end to the opening offensive chapter for Ridgway with a leaping save of a shot by Max Harrell.

At 9:15, the Webbs reversed the scenario, Shan authoring a crossing pass to an in-stride Moe for an emphatic point number two.

The more characters woven into the plot, the more Ridgway seemed to rue the probable conclusion.

First a block by Gill, then a steal and reverse header lead by Paul Muirhead to Moe Webb, the shot wide right.

Then a block by Morris, a centering pass to Moe and a crossing lead for a header which sailed.

Forrest's second save led to a Morris shot wide right but he blocked the Ridgway outlet pass. A frustrated Harrell was wide left on an indirect kick from 25 yards and when he got the rebound Keagan Smith added his subtitle to the action blocking the shot.

Forrest's third save resulted in an outlet kick to Kevin Blue on right wing. His drop to Moe Webb opened a lane to Shan, but again his kick was high.

A block by Gill led to another Shot by Moe Webb, this one from 40 yards, which was barely snagged in by Ridgway keeper Ryan Bartashius.

Pagosa's first half assault was not yet complete, however.

At 25:28 Chi Hoon Lee maneuvered himself through a tangled web of defenders and found Moe open for Pagosa goal number three.

Forrest made an easy save on a dribbler by Ridgway, and Monks had a block-takeaway followed by a crossing lead to Blue whose shot went wide left. Then Morris was just over the net on a drop from Shan Webb.

A block by Pirate freshman Max Smith led to yellow cards for him and Ridgway's Harrell before another block by Blue as the first chapter drew to a close.

Just 16 seconds into the second half, Pagosa was up 4-0 with Keagan Smith leading to Shan Webb for the goal right up the middle.

A Forrest save and outlet to Morris led to another Pirate chance, with Morris clearing to Shan Webb and Ridgway's Bartashius making his best play of the game to put an exclamation point on his frustration.

But at 44:12 Pagosa got another assist from Keagan Smith who stole the Ridgway lead on the right wing, crossed to Shan Webb, and was closing for a rebound when a drop to Moe was converted to Pirate goal 5.

A block-takeaway by Muirhead, a pair of saves by Forrest, another Morris drive over the net, and an indirect kick by Blue blocked from 25 yards were highlights of the next chapter.

Caleb Ormonde's header off a corner kick went just wide, Keagan's rebound effort was wide left, Morris had another block, and Moe Webb's shot off a midfield steal was wide left.

And then, at 68:05, for the first time this season, after flirting with every crossbar and post in the Four Corners area, Keagan Smith took a drop from Moe, was blanked on the initial shot, but got his own rebound and drilled it for the final Pirate goal.

But, as in all novels of suspense, Ridgway was determined not to go home without adding a post script.

It came at 74:20 when Blake Tankersley drilled one past for Forrest who had come out to guard his left post when the shot went to the other post and he could not react quickly enough for the stop.

A late Pirate attack keyed by Hoon Lee resulted in a stop of Shan Webb's goal bid and later Moe Webb's bid for an unassisted goal after a full-field solo attack, was blocked at the goal mouth.

The win gave Pagosa a 6-1 record in the Southern Mountain League and an 8-5 mark overall.

They put the search for a league title on the line with a 4 p.m. game today in Center and then close the regular season Friday with a 4 p.m. contest in Telluride.

Moe Webb stands now as the leading 3A scorer with 23 goals and nine assists. Shan Webb is fourth with 14 goals and three assists as the season winds down.

With Pagosa and Crested Butte having defeated each other in overtime, league laurels if neither loses again, will be decided on the basis total scores by the team, total goals allowed and scores against common opponents.


Scoring: 3:29, P-S. Webb, assists Morris and M. Webb; 9:15, P-M. Webb, assist S. Webb; 25:28, M.Webb, assist Hoon Lee; 40:16, P-S. Webb, assist K. Smith; 44:12, P-M.Webb, assist Blue and S. Webb; 68:05, P-K. Smith from M. Webb; 74:20, R-Tankersley, UA. Shots on goal, P-17, R-12; Saves, P-Forrest, 9; R-Bartashius, 8. Cards: P-M. Smith, yellow, R-Sargysan.


Pirates extend streak with overtime win over Crested Butte

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

It was deja vu in reverse - Pagosa Springs and Crested Butte in a prep soccer showdown with the action eerily reminiscent of the first contest Sept. 17 in Pagosa Springs.

This encounter, ostensibly setting up the winner to draw the Southern Mountain League's top seed for regional playoff action, took place on the Titan's home field Friday.

Again, deja vu.

In Pagosa, it was the Pirates holding an early lead, Crested Butte scoring two quick late goals, Pagosa coming back to tie and Crested Butte winning with two seconds left in the first overtime.

The second meeting had a similar result, happily going the other way.

For the Pirates it was a game of frustration turned into celebration by the Webb brothers and then silence as Crested Butte sent it to overtime with a late goal.

And it was a new Pagosa celebration just over a minute into overtime for the 3-2 win.

Another similarity was Pagosa scores disallowed in each game on what appeared to be official rules misinterpretation.

The one uncommon factor was the unambitious effort of the Pirates for the first 66 minutes (perhaps because that's two-thirds of the devil's number, or because of the five-hour bus ride to get there).

Whatever the reason, Pagosa was - except for Caleb Forrest in goal and the midfield defenders - a relative nonfactor on offense, committing, for example, 15 of 18 missed kicks as a team in the first half. These weren't misfired shots on goals, but whiffs on simple passes, possible intercepts, or clearing maneuvers.

In the meantime, the home team was attacking at will after an initial Pagosa charge led by Caleb Ormonde went for naught.

Time and again Pirate defenders were called upon to clear Titan attacks after Pirate efforts were squelched at midfield or by Crested Butte keeper Ryan Houseman.

The swarming Titan offense was stopped five times in the first four minutes, once by a Levi Gill block, then a Jesse Morris block, two saves by Forrest and a Paul Muirhead block. In that stretch Pagosa had a single attack get through - a drop from Gill to Moe Webb that was easy for Houseman.

The Pirates finally broke the roadblock at the 14 minute mark when Shan Webb was stopped on a brilliant move by Houseman on a breakaway with a midfield steal.

A block by Pagosa's Derek Monks and another save by Forrest preceded Crested Butte's first score, a blast by David Jelinek off a crossing pass from Jeff Snyder.

That lead would stand through the balance of the first half and through half of the second stanza.

There was a brief Pagosa flurry after the score in which Ormonde was stopped by Houseman, Morris was over the net from 30 yards and an Ormonde header was stopped.

The disallowed goal came on an indirect kick from 25 yards by Kevin Blue. It appeared to everyone on the Pagosa bench that Houseman had touched the ball on its trajectory to the back of the net.

Officials ruled, however, that Blue's kick was the only "touch" and that CHSAA rules specify two touches (by either team) necessary for a goal on an indirect. (The disallowed goal in Pagosa had come on a breakaway by Moe Webb in which a Pirate was ruled offside.

Two more stops by Forrest brought the half to an end and spurred Pirate coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason to emphasize the extraordinary number of mistakes his team was making and to stress the need for "greater pressure" while noting that despite everything "we're just a goal down."

The second half opened with a some spirited exchanges with the Titan's Nick Catmor missing wide left, Morris blocking another Crested Butte effort, Peter Helland over the net for the Titans, Ormonde missing high right for Pagosa, and Blue's direct kick stopped on a miracle stab by Houseman.

Ormonde kept the ball in the attack zone but twice was blanked by Houseman. Blue, too, was stopped again before Forrest turned in a pair of sparkling efforts to stop Titan attackers.

And then it seemed the light went on for all 11 Pagosa players on the field at the same instant.

The clock read 66:16 when Blue went to the right corner for a corner kick which became the tying goal as Moe Webb drilled a reverse header off the kick.

Suddenly it was a 1-1 game and Pirates were swarming the ball like flies on an orange peel.

Just a minute and five seconds after the first marker, Gill stole a Titan attack, left it for Moe, and he zipped through defenders as if fleeing for his life.

No fewer than three went down in futile attempts to halt his drive.

And then it was Webb and Houseman, face to face. Houseman had no chance. He went for the deke right and Webb teased the ball into the left net.

The clock read 67:21 and the home team was now trailing.

Another save by Forrest, a block by Morris, and a steal by Keagan Smith kept the ball in Pirate possession.

But Catmor, the Titan's leading scorer was not to be denied. At 71:49 he, too, scored unassisted and the game was knotted at 2.

Another Gill block, a Forrest save, and a Pirate defense unwilling to allow Crested Butte into the attack zone strung the game out to a 2-2 tie in regulation.

In the break before overtime, Shan Webb told teammates he could beat his defender any time and said he could score if they got the ball to him.

Ten seconds into overtime he proved he was right, but the shot went wide right.

But a minute and one second later he proved prophetic.

With brother Moe working the right wing, Smith breaking up the middle, and only two defenders back, they elected to stop the other two and Shan Webb was open for a crossing pass from Moe that sealed the Pagosa 3-2 overtime victory. A similar play had given Crested Butte a 3-2 overtime victory in Pagosa (with two seconds remaining on the clock).

Deja vu had repeated for the other team.

It gave the Pirates a seven-game winning streak after five consecutive early season losses.

They take their league lead to Center for a 4 p.m. game today, then travel to Telluride for the regular season closer at 4 p.m. Friday.

Then the league officials will determined which teams advance where for regional action beginning Oct. 23.


Scoring, 17:15, CB-Jelinek, assist Snyder; 66:16, P-M. Webb, assist Blue; 67:21, P-M. Webb UA; 71:49, CB-Catmor, UA; 81:11, P-S. Webb, assist M. Webb. Shots on goal, CB-17, P-12. Saves, CB-Houseman, 12, P-Forrest, 11. No cards.


Cross country runners gear up for league, regional meets

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

It's approaching crunch time for the Pirate cross country teams.

Saturday, Pagosa will travel to Monte Vista to compete for Intermountain League bragging rights. Then, Oct. 23, they will return to the same course for the regional races, the only opportunity to qualify for state.

With those goals on the horizon, Pagosa traveled to Bloomfield Oct. 8 for their last regular season competition. And it was stiff. A difficult course. One this team had never seen before. Hilly.

It got the best of them.

"We always expect one off week," coach Scott Anderson said. "We had it, now we're done with it."

As usual, junior Emilie Schur posted Pagosa's highest finish, claiming fourth in varsity girls competition with a time of 22 minutes, 5 seconds.

Sophomore Laurel Reinhardt was the next Pagosan across the finish, claiming 16th (23:23). She was followed by sophomore Jen Shearston in 38th, who crossed the finish in 24:40.

The final four Pirates were fairly tightly packed. Junior Drie Young claimed 48th (25:20), followed by sophomore Jessica Lynch in 49th (25:21), junior Heather Dahm in 51st (25:27) and senior Rachel Watkins in 55th (25:56).

As a team, the girls finished sixth. The boys failed to score in team competition because two Pirates missed the start and ran, instead, in junior varsity competition.

Of those who did make the race, senior Otis Rand finished 45th with a time of 20:29. He was followed by sophomore Riley Lynch, who captured 65th in 21:32. Junior Paul Hostetter was the next Pirate across the line, traversing the course in 23:45 for 93rd.

Bayfield runners, Sari Sundblom and Steve Flint won the individual titles at Bloomfield. The pair will face off against runners from other league schools again this week for the title of Runner of the Year. Also up for grabs will be league bragging rights.

Both the league and regional meets are set to be run in Monte Vista on the municipal golf course. The course is fast and flat with plenty of opportunities for spectators to cheer on their favorites.

Race times Saturday start with junior high at 9:30 and 10 a.m. Junior varsity boys race at 10:30 a.m. followed by both junior varsity and varsity girls at 11:10 a.m. Varsity boys are set to start at 11:50 a.m.

Pirates beat La Junta twice at weekend tourney

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

With wins in two consecutive matches Saturday against the La Junta Tigers, the Pirate volleyball team boosted its Fowler Tournament record to 2-2, rebounding from losses to Lamar and Fowler in preliminary round-robin action.

The victories over the Tigers came in the last game of pool play - 25-14, 25-10 - and in the fight for third place, 25-18, 25-9.

Both matches were similar in that, with few exceptions, any point the Tigers put on the board they did with the permission of the Pirates. Pagosa thoroughly dominated play over their 3A rival, allowing La Junta to lead but once in four games, 7-4 in the first contest.

That lead came to a quick end as the Tigers gave up a point and the serve with a ball hit out. La Junta surrendered four more unearned points to the Pirates while Courtney Steen served for seven straight points. Pagosa got two points on aces and three points on kills by Caitlin Forrest. The tide had changed, for good. Pagosa led 12-7 and didn't look back.

The Pirates responded to a Tiger point on a Pagosa serve error with a four-point run, highlighted by a tip of an errant La Junta pass by Liza Kelley and a stuff by Forrest of a Tiger overpass.

To be gracious, the Pirates then let La Junta run off five points, four of them compliments of Pirate miscues.

Kelley scored and took back serve with a kill off the pass then put an ace down for a point. A La Junta passing error gave up a point, Forrest placed a soft shot in the middle of the Tiger defense and Pagosa was in front 20-13. What would be a seven-point spree continued as Kelley hit two unreturnable serves for scores and La Junta committed a hitting error.

A Pirate setting error put a final point on La Junta's side of the scoreboard. Caitlyn Jewell replied with a left-handed shot from outside and Lori Walkup ended the game with a kill to the back line, continuing a daylong trend of knocking the cover off the ball.

La Junta gave up the first point of the second game with an error, setting a standard the Tigers would follow throughout the short contest. Jewell killed for a score and Kelley put a short serve to the floor to give Pagosa a 3-0 lead.

La Junta managed to tie at 3-3, courtesy two charity points and an ace then gave away three consecutive points with hitting errors before Kari Faber gave her team the 7-3 lead with an ace. The Tigers got two points on Pirate mistakes but Walkup smashed two kills down and Bri Scott killed from outside for an 11-5 Pagosa advantage.

The Tigers got their final gifts of the game in the form of four points resulting from Pirate serve, serve-receive and passing errors, then the Pirates went to work, moving quickly to the finish line. From that point on the Tigers starred in the Free-ball Follies, allowing Pagosa to run a smooth offense.

Kelley killed twice, Jewell got points with a roll shot and a kill from outside. Kelley scored with a tip and Faber put a ball to the floor. Scott hit an ace, Jewell hit to the back line and Faber scored with a tip over the block. The final point was a giveaway as a La Junta defender muffed the serve receive.

After a brief rest, the teams took the court to play for third place.

It was 10-3 Pagosa before the Tigers realized the game had started. All but two of Pagosa's points were handed over with mistakes on the La Junta side of the net.

Scott opened the action with a successful back-row attack and Walkup continued to pound the ball from the outside. Forrest killed cross-court and Pagosa was up 11-3.

La Junta would end up with 18 points on the scoreboard. This would have been an achievement had not 16 of the points been gifts resulting from sloppy play by Pagosa.

The Pirates on the other hand, earned a good percentage of their points, getting aces from Scott and Forrest, kills from Forrest, Jewell and Walkup. Steen contributed with a successful tip and a solo block. Walkup closed out the first-game action, stuffing a Tiger attack at the net.

The final game of the match was mercifully short, but the teams went back and forth at first. Pagosa took a 4-1 lead with a kill by Faber to the back corner of the court, a kill by Walkup and a successful attack by Jewell as the big middle hitter slid to the outside to take the set.

La Junta got two points back before Steen tipped for a score. Scott hit off the La Junta block, Steen killed down the line and Kelley put a ball down off the pass. The best the Tigers could do was respond with sporadic, single points, all courtesy Pirate errors.

Jewell put her team ahead 12-8 with a soft shot and Kelley followed with an ace, Walkup sent a laser of a shot to the floor and Faber scored with a kill. Walkup got a point with a solo block and Faber succeeded again on the attack. Kelley served up another ace and Walkup killed an errant Tiger pass before turning around and putting a ball cross-court from outside. The Pirates had scored 11 unanswered points and led 22-8.

A Pirate serve error gave the Tigers their last point. Walkup took back serve with a kill, Steen killed inside the Tiger block and Walkup and Jewell combined to roof a Tiger attack to end game and match.

The Pirates continue with 3A action tomorrow night as they visit Monte Vista for the second regular-season matchup with their Intermountain league foes from the San Luis Valley. The Pirates beat Monte in their first IML match of the season Sept. 18.

IML competition continues Saturday night in the PSHS gym, as Centauri comes to town for a second league contest against Pagosa.

Tuesday, the Bayfield Wolverines come to town hoping to avenge a loss to the Pirates at Bayfield Sept. 21.

Each event begins with C team matches at 4 p.m.


Match 1

Kills/attacks: Faber 3-3, Forrest 3-12, Walkup 3-8

Ace serves: Steen 2

Assists: Kelley 11, Walkup 9

Solo blocks: Forrest 1

Digs: Kelley 2, Walkup 2

Match 2

Kills/attacks: Walkup 7-12, Steen 4-9

Ace serves: Forrest 3, Kelley 2, Scott 2

Assists: Kelley 16, Walkup 6

Solo blocks: Walkup 4

Digs: Forrest 3, Steen 3, Walkup 3


Pagosa falls short in match against Lamar

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer



The Pirates let one get away when they lost 2-1 (27-25, 24-26, 18-25) to the highly-ranked 3A Lamar Savages in Pagosa's first match at the Fowler volleyball tournament.

The only consolation: Should the rest of the season shake out in the best way possible for the Pirates, Pagosa might get another crack at the Savages at a regional playoff.

Lamar came to the Fowler tournament undefeated and, arguably, should have suffered the first loss of the season in the match against Pagosa.

But for some avoidable Pagosa errors, that outcome might have occurred.

In each game of the match, the Pirates were on the down side of the score a third of the way through the contest.

In the first game, the Pirates trailed 11-3 before they began to gain ground. Courtney Steen got them started with a kill, Liza Kelley scored and the Savages gave up three unearned points. Pagosa was in the running, trailing 12-8.

Lamar continued to score single points at intervals, taking advantage of what would develop into a major Pirate weakness throughout the day - a lack of blocking, in particular against the strong-side attack. The Savages also began to tip against a sluggish Pagosa back row.

The Pirates, however, got their offense on track and put together several two- and three-point runs, finally going ahead of Lamar 20-19 after the Savages surrendered points with net violations and a hit into a successful solo block by Caitlyn Jewell.

Lamar came back to tie at 22 as the end game developed into a nail biter. A back-row attack put the Savages in front 23-22 but Lori Walkup knotted the score with a kill from outside.

The Savages put a ball to the floor inside the block and were perched on the edge of the win but a serve error tied the score 24-24.

Lamar's short-set attack was in the groove all match long and the Savages used it to move in front 25-24, but Walkup responded with a score on a solo block. Kelley followed with a kill then finished off the Savages, scoring off a set by Steen.

The second game mirrored the first in many respects. Unfortunately, not in the outcome.

With Walkup blasting away at the Savage defense, Pagosa had short-lived leads at 4-3 and 7-5, before Lamar went on a rampage, scoring seven unanswered points, four of them unearned as the Pirate serve-receive and passing game disintegrated,

Pagosa got three points back with a block and two Savage mistakes but, again, a Lamar attack succeeded with the hit falling inside an unaggressive Pirate block.

Steen responded from outside and Lamar answered with an attack from the left side that went unblocked at the net and untouched in the back row.

Caitlin Forrest replied with a soft shot that fell in a hole in the Savage defense and a Lamar hitter put a ball out of bounds. The Savages then nailed two points off a timid Pagosa blocking tandem and pulled the trigger on the quick offense for another score. Ahead 18-15, the Savages gave up two points with balls hit out, then benefited from a Pirate hitting error.

The game was tied at 19-19 following a Lamar serving mistake and a Pirate kill off the block.

Each team was in a position to put together a run. Lamar was first to take advantage of the opportunity, getting three straight points, all compliments of Pagosa miscues.

Then, it was the Pirates' turn. Lamar committed a serve error then failed to pass effectively when a Pirate hit went off a block. Forrest stuffed a tip, a Lamar hit went out and the Pirates were ahead 23-22.

The lead did not hold. Lamar again used the short set to tie the game and a hitting error on Pagosa's side of the net put the Savages at game point.

Walkup was having none of it. She slammed a kill to the floor to tie the score at 24-24. Then the Pirates derailed their own train: A serve went awry and a hitting error gave the Savages the win.

Pagosa looked strong at the outset of game three. Walkup hit for two points, Steen drove a ball to the back corner, Bri Scott scored from outside. The Pirates led 7-2.

Five straight errors by Pagosa turned that lead over to the Savages, but the team from the plains was generous, allowing an 8-8 tie with a service error. Pagosa would not lead again as Lamar got freebies on numerous Pirate mistakes and continued to use the quick attack to advantage. Pagosa gave up 14 unearned points by the time Lamar held an insurmountable 24-12 lead.

In an excellent effort, however, the Pirates refused to let the Savages take the game and match easily. Kelley took back serve with a point scored inside a Lamar block and the Savages committed four consecutive hitting errors. Steen scored with an ace before a serve error ended the action.

"Lamar has a fast offense," said coach Penné Hamilton. "They came at us quickly and we didn't answer with better blocking. The girls were off. We weren't the same team we were last Tuesday against Durango. We had a lot of passing errors - too many to run a decent, consistent offense."

Now, it's back to Intermountain league action, with a lot at stake. Namely, the regular season title which assures a team a trip to regional competition. Thus far, the Pirates are undefeated in IML play. Four straight league matches will determine whether they remains so.

The Pirates stay on the road tomorrow night when they travel to Monte Vista for Round 2 against their league foe. Pagosa won the first go-round with Monte earlier in the season and a second win would solidify the Pirates' spot atop the IML standings. As would a second win over Centauri. The Falcons visit Pagosa Saturday as the Pirates return home after 10 matches on the road. Bayfield travels to Pagosa Oct. 19 to play the second of two regular-season matches with the Pirates.

Matches at Monte Vista start with C teams at 4 p.m. Action against Centauri starts as C teams clash at 4 p.m. The gym comes alive with Bayfield in town as C teams play at 4.


Kills/attacks: Walkup 9-16, Jewell 5-11, Steen 5-12

Aces: Scott 2, Forrest 1

Assists: Kelley 16, Walkup 12

Solo blocks: Jewell 5, Walkup 2

Digs: Walkup 7, Steen 5

Pirates drop tourney match to Fowler

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

Following a tough loss in their opening match against Lamar at the Fowler tournament, the Pirate volleyball team turned around and played another match 20 minutes later - against the host Grizzlies.

The Pirates' physical and mental fatigue was reflected in the score as the home team defeated Pagosa 25-18, 25-15.

The Pirates played well at the outset of the first game, going in front 7-3 with two kills by Lori Walkup and a point from Courtney Steen.

Fowler began to close the gap, taking advantage of a weak block on Pagosa's side of the net and a Pirate serve error. Kari Faber scored off the pass for Pagosa, but Fowler responded immediately, then managed a run of five unanswered points to take a 13-9 lead.

Pagosa could not put together a similar run and the Grizzlies stayed in front, using the tip effectively against a back row that was not moving well and hitting for points inside the Pirate blocks.

Fowler made its mistakes as well and Pagosa inched back into contention, 12-16. Walkup scored, Steen scored, Fowler muffed a serve receive and Walkup hit an ace. The Pirates trailed 17-16.

The Grizzlies got a charity point and hit for a score, then gave up a point with a ball hit out of bounds. The vulnerable Pagosa blocking scheme failed twice, the Pirates committed hitting and passing errors and the home team had the first game in hand.

Pagosa never led in the second game of the match, the defense failing at the net and in the back court. The lack of an effective block put the Pirates behind 13-6.

Walkup and Caitlyn Jewell finally punched the ticket with a tandem block and took back serve; Walkup hit an ace and Faber put a soft shot down at the feet of a Grizzly defender.

The run was short-lived, however, as Fowler tipped for a point, got three straight points courtesy Pirate mistakes and extended the lead to 18-10 when the second free ball of the game fell in front of the Pagosa back row.

Pagosa scored five more points before game's end, getting earned points on kills by Walkup, Steen and Liza Kelley. Fowler nailed five consecutive points to win game and match.

"When we were in the locker room between matches, I told the girls we were not playing anywhere close to our potential," said coach Penné Hamilton. "I reminded them the tournament was good practice for the post-season playoffs, but we still struggled on a lot of things we haven't had trouble with in quite a while. Our back row couldn't move and we weren't making the pass. That did us in. We'll work on these things as we head back to league competition."

The Pirates, undefeated in Intermountain League play, face league opponents twice this week, taking on Monte Vista at Monte Vista tomorrow and returning home Saturday for a match with Centauri. The Pirates will be looking to sweep the regular season competition with both teams, having defeated Monte and Centauri earlier in the year.

The same holds true with Bayfield. The Wolverines are in town Tuesday for an IML battle.

Matches at Monte Vista begin with C team action at 4 p.m. The C teams also take to the court Saturday at 4 p.m. and at 4 p.m. Tuesday


Kills/attacks: Steen 7-14, Walkup 4-17, Kelley 3-11

Ace serves: Faber 1

Assists: Walkup 7, Kelley 5

Solo blocks: Forrest 1, Walkup 1

Scott 7, Forrest 5.


Fun-Day Rodeo winners announced

The Pagosa Springs Fun-Day Rodeo Series completed the 2004 season Aug. 22.

The top six in the final standings in each age group are as follows:

- 5 and under: first, Dalton Lucero; second, Dillon Weber; third, Lane Schaff; fourth, Makeely Garcia; fifth Deanne Schaff;

- 6-8: first, Payton Talbot; second, Blake Weber; third, Matty Garcia; fourth, Morgan Schaff; fifth, David McRee; sixth, Cade Sampson;

- 9-11: first, Katelyn McRee; second, Casey Haga; third, Cheyan Dixon; fourth, Marissa House; fifth, Reahna Ray; sixth, Cody Shahan;

- 12-14: first, Cody Haga; second, Raesha Ray; third, Beth Lucero; fourth, Waylon Lucero; fifth, Karly Benzie; sixth, Dustin Benzie;

15-19: first, Charmaine Talbot; second, Julie Thompson; third, Jamie Vernon; fourth, Ryan Montroy; fifth, Chelsea Montroy; sixth, Tara Archibeque.

20 and over: first, Lori Lucero; second, Tim McRee; third, Kathy Weber; fourth, Jenny Thompson; fifth, Duwayne Shahan; sixth, Mike Ray.

The Pagosa Springs Fun Day Rodeo potluck awards banquet will be 4 p.m. Sunday, Nov. 7, at the Archuleta County Extension building. This potluck is for contestants and their families. (Contestants must have participated in at least three rodeos.)

For more information contact Randy Talbot. 731-0742.

Parks & Rec

Skate Park work day was a big success

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

On Oct. 8, the park crew hosted a work day at South Pagosa Park and it was a huge success.

As many as 15 high school age students, along with more than 10 adult volunteers, helped tear down the old surfaces on the skate park, and send them off to be recycled. Then the crew proceeded to work Friday, Saturday and Monday at the park.

Twenty sheets of Drumlite (skating surface material) were installed at the park, with many man hours put in by volunteers. We estimate over 100 hours of time was donated by the volunteers.

With the excitement level and the success of the park, we have approved another 20 sheets of Drumlite to finish a job that is looking very good.

Special thanks, to John King, John Steinert, and Eli, Nate, Dreaux, and Shane Martinez for the extra efforts they put in to help make this project a success.

Everyone involved did an awesome job and I thank you all, even if I did not mention your names.

Hot Springs Boulevard

The sod arrived Wednesday of last week, and the weather held up great to get most of the curb-scape along Hot Springs Boulevard covered with sod.

We would not have been ready had it not been for Dennis Ford who came down and gave us a hand on the Bobcat. His skills on the machine saved many man-hours of raking and hand grading.

So the park staff would like to thank Dennis for a job well done.

We have ordered more sod, and will finish the parking to the community center this week, then shoot for spring 2005 for the area near the Spa Motel. We ran into some irrigation problems in that zone.

We plan to blow out our irrigation lines by mid-October so laying sod any later than the Oct. 18 is out of the question.


We will close the Town Park and South Pagosa Park restrooms by Oct. 22. This annual event comes during the time when we blow lines to prevent freezing. Year-round public restrooms are available at the Bell Tower Park and at the skate ponds.

The skate ponds have a vaulted restroom that has no plumbing. This allows us to have a restroom that will not freeze up in the winter, to provide a facility during the skating season.


Families must learn to play - together

By Myles Gabel

SUN Columnist

It is important for a family's survival that they learn how to play together.

Because adults always seem to be too busy, have no time and are stressed out, most parents put playing with their children way down on their list of important priorities. Play in our culture is seen as trivial and childish. It is okay for kids but not an essential activity necessary for a family to be functional.

Next time you are at one of our youth soccer games, look around on the sidelines while the "big kids" play and watch the pure enjoyment that a small child has just running around and kicking a ball with a family member. Family play helps to maximize the interaction, communication, growth and joy that families are supposed to be all about.

One of the parents of modern psychiatry, Dr. Sigmund Freud, said, "There is little that gives a child greater pleasure than when a grown-up lets himself get down to their level, renounces his superiority, and plays with them as an equal."

Our children deserve to experience us when we play because we are never more full of life and more completely ourselves than when we are playing. We need to play with them for our own well-being as well as for theirs. Play is the place where children's minds, hearts, and souls meet, and if you really want to know them, you need to go there with them. If you don't know what to play or how to begin, ask your child. Let them show you the way!

Volleyball leagues

We need teams. Where are all the volleyball players in Pagosa Springs? Volleyball leagues are still being formed; put your teams together now for the upcoming season. We will be playing four-person coed for the upcoming year. Play will begin this month so get your teams together today.

Soccer sponsorship

The following businesses have committed to sponsor our children in our Youth Soccer League: Agape Gifts, Jann Pitcher Realty, Pagosa Custom Homes, Concrete Connection, Mud Shaver Car Wash, Brighton Custom Homes, CO Timber Ridge Ranch, BootJack Ranch, Edward Jones Investments, Design-A-Sign, M&M Drop Service, A Affordable Storage, Strohecker Asphalt and Paving, Alpine Electric.

Youth basketball

Signups for youth basketball for our 7- and 8-year-olds has just begun. Registration started Monday and will continue through Friday, Oct. 22.

Play will begin in early November. Don't miss your spot. Sign up today.

Hiring referees

The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department continues to seek individuals interested in officiating soccer, basketball, volleyball and baseball. High school students may apply. Compensation is $10-$25 per game depending on age group and experience.

For additional information concerning any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department adult or youth sports programs, contact: Myles Gabel, recreation supervisor at 264-4151, Ext. 232, or 946-2810 Monday through Friday, 1-5 p.m.



A tender topic

We had seen two presidential debates by Tuesday and had been exposed to a barrage of campaign rhetoric and advertising, in print and on the airwaves. One topic was minimized during the goings on. Perhaps it is because the subject is so complex, fraught with conflicting aspects, planted with emotional and political land mines. The topic is illegal immigration and the companion subject of the security of the nation's borders.

It is the security of borders that receives the most attention as the hoopla continues, with notes here and there about increasing the number of Border Patrol officers, about dealing with the unmet threat that exists due to lax inspection of materials shipped to our ports. Little, however, is said about human cargo, about the stunning number of people who enter the U.S. illegally every year.

One reason the subject is treated lightly, no doubt, is the potential a candidate will be labeled racist since it is a reality the majority of undocumented immigrants come from the south, from Mexico and Central America. For those prone to politically correct thought and the illusions required to support it, the topic is out of bounds, a cause for alarm when it is brought up.

Another reason we haven't heard much about illegal immigration could be that candidates are beholden to economic interests that rely on the cheap labor illegal immigrants provide.

Make no mistake, there is absolutely no need to color arguments against illegal immigration with a racist brush. The math will suffice. The same problem would exist if the majority of immigrants were from Europe. Given the same numbers, the attendant problems would be the same.

"These immigrants are eager to make the most of themselves; they are hard workers," we hear. Yes, no doubt in many cases this is true. It does not change the situation.

The problems are deep and the solutions demand discussion - discussion that, with the exception of comments by a few legislators like the oft-scorned Rep. Tom Tancredo, is not occurring.

According to estimates released by the U. S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, there were 7 million undocumented residents in the United States in 2000.

According to other studies the figures are much higher. For example, a Northeastern University study team puts the estimated number at 11 to 13 million.

These individuals, says a Center for Immigration Studies report, use more services than they pay for - to the tune of $10 billion more each year. Reduce the amount a billion dollars, the figure remains imposing.

Some advocate setting an arbitrary time limit for illegal residency in the United States. Everyone who meets the requirement stays and is naturalized; others are deported. Those who stay are vested in the society and make their fair contribution in taxes and valuable labor.

Others say that naturalizing a significant number of illegal immigrants will not alleviate the burden on services, but will increase expense and the gap between costs and tax contribution. Why? Because, they say, a majority of undocumented immigrants are minimally educated, not endowed with the skills required to get work that produces higher wages leading to meaningful tax revenues.

The subject never took center stage during the first two debates. The third debate was held last night, after this newspaper went to press. By all rights, in light of the weight of the situation, and what it signifies, it should have snatched the lion's share of each candidate's time and attention.

Are we worried about this? About our borders?

What are we going to do?

We won't know if we don't talk about it as part of the election process, and if we cannot talk about it, frankly, among ourselves.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

Words which should endure

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

There are some wonderful words in the English language which unfortunately rarely see the light of day.

Take, for example the noun "abecedarian." It is a legitimate name for one who is just beginning to learn or do something. But, can you picture the sports writer penning the abecedarian (rookie) homered in his first at bat?

How about that old and wonderful verb, "absquatulate"? It means to break loose and leave, to flee confinement or a threatening situation. It could also be defined as "take it on the lamb" or "fly the coop."

Perhaps you'd like to use the adjective, "bathetic." No, it has nothing to do with bathing. It describes, instead, being affectedly or extravagantly emotional. Informally, it might be translated as gooey, mushy or schmaltzy.

One of my favorites, long since committed to memory but not on paper, is the noun "boutade" which refers to an impulsive, often illogical turn of mind.

Another recalled from a collegiate essay which drew derision from the instructor is the handy adjective "contumacious," i.e., marked by defiance. She thought its use in describing the victim of a bully who keeps getting up to get knocked back down to be "a stretch."

You've heard of people called cheats, defrauders, swindlers and crooks. There is a simple all-inclusive noun - "cozener" - which covers them all, but you'll rarely see it in print.

Changing the structure of things is a scientific process, for example changing a solid to a liquid. There is a clever verb for the action - "deliquesce" - which can also be used to mean fuse, melt, run or thaw.

And then, there is the noun that perhaps best applies to old journalists - "desuetude" - the quality of state of being obsolete.

Persons who are constantly seeking sustenance might be described as "edacious." It means wanting to eat or drink more than one can logically consume.

Another valuable verb could be the relatively rare "embrangle," defined as meaning embroil, implicate, or draw in so that extrication is difficult.

The court jester and the stand-up comedian hope to elicit laughter and provoke amusement. A simple noun for that role is "farceur."

Another word, used both as a noun and as a verb, that we rarely come across is "gasconade." As a noun it is the act of boasting; as a verb it is voicing excessive pride.

Are you a "huggermugger"? Isn't that a great noun? It names one with the habit, practice or policy of keeping secrets.

The habitually lawless, unruly individual might be described as "indocile," meaning one who does not submit to discipline or control.

A politician waging a filibuster might be described as delivering a "jeremiad" - a long, violent or blustering speech usually of censure.

One experiencing a fundamental change in beliefs is covered by the noun "metanoia," signifying rebirth or regeneration.

A great adjective for excitement or confusion is "madding," as in Thomas Gray's "far from the madding crowd..." Roget declares it archaic.

Would that great words could be deathless.



90 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era files of Oct. 16, 1914

Do you know that the bonded debt of Archuleta County is being reduced without an increase in taxes? Well, it is, and a good way to continue the reduction is to continue a Republican board of county commissioners on the firing line. Business is business.

I appreciate the fact that it is a tough proposition to be compelled to choose between the two candidates for county assessor and, as my opponent and I have each served a term in that office, I shall ignore the traditional custom of peddling refreshments in an effort to win votes and rely entirely on the people being able to exercise their own judgement. Very respectfully, Gordon M. Grimes.

 75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Oct. 18, 1929

We have not learned of a single deer being killed in Archuleta County or adjacent territory during the four-day season which closed Tuesday.

As now planned, the new Piggly-Wiggly store in the Montroy Building will be opened to the public on Saturday, Oct. 26th.

Curtis Clark and Dorothy Hayden entered the fourth grade this week, making the enrollment thirty-seven. They have been attending the Four Mile school.

A Novelty Carnival Dance will be given at the Odd Fellow hall on Saturday evening, Oct. 26th, beginning at 8:30 sharp, under the auspices of the Woman's Civic Club to raise funds for the Public Library.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Oct. 15, 1954

The post office has announced that a new star route to serve about 200 patrons in southern Archuleta County is to be started November 1st. The contract for carrying the route has been awarded to Harmon T. Clark.

The route is about 76 miles long and will go down the river from town to Trujillo, Juanita and Pagosa Junction. It will then go to Arboles and up State Highway 151 to Highway 160 and back to town. The contract was let at the figure of $16.63 per day.

This route will mean the end of the Pagosa Junction post office which is one of the oldest in this section. In the old days when the railroad came to Pagosa Springs the Junction office was an important one and the residents of that area will regret its closing.

 25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Oct. 18, 1979

The Forest Service warns that the fire danger is extreme and that hunters should be prepared to utilize some means of cooking other than open fires. Various types of stoves are recommended. The Forest Service also notes that road closures are in effect and that hunters must keep vehicles on established roadways in all parts of the area surrounding Pagosa Springs.

As of Monday morning, total enrollment stood at 986 students, very close to the 1,000 mark. The gain in enrollment is throughout the schools but seems to be more concentrated in the high school and elementary school. This is a gain of more than 100 students in two years. The increased enrollment has caused space and supply problems, as well as transportation problems.


Clwing Around for Safety's Sake

Sparky, Siren, Flame and Squirt bring fire safety facts to local school children

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

When Pagosa's volunteer firefighters respond to a structure fire, their efforts can have a profound effect on one family.

Their hope is to be able to save that home, and save lives.

But every once in a while - at least once a year - these same firefighters have the chance to impact the lives of hundreds in the community and have some fun doing it.

Pagosa Fire Protection District Training Officer Duwane Ramey said the fire prevention and public education programs are exciting because they help keep children and families safe by teaching techniques like "Stop, drop and roll" and "Get out and stay out." And by introducing this year's theme: smoke detectors.

Ramey, who took over the fire prevention program in 2000, said about 10 volunteers, including four clown characters, Ramey, Debbie Tully, Megan Macht and Kelly Robertson, help "educate and entertain" the second- through fourth-graders.

From August until October when the production opens at the elementary school, the volunteers put in about 40 hours of extra work a month in addition to their regular firefighting duties, also volunteer. They write a script, go over costumes and props, repaint the sets with help from others and perfect their roles. Currently, Pagosa's fire prevention clown family includes Sparky, Siren, Flame, Squirt and one puppet, Frisky, who is new this year. The 2004 show, conducted Oct. 12, as part of National Fire Prevention Week, also included a dispatcher to stress the importance of knowing key information, including addresses and phone numbers when calling 9-1-1, and reinforced the idea of getting out and staying out of a burning building.

"We wanted to show what happens when you call 9-1-1," Ramey said. "We then try to work those things back into the main idea of smoke alarms." To keep it interesting, they also change the set each year, featuring different rooms in a house. Sometimes it's two bedrooms. Or a residence and a school. This year: a kitchen and a living room.

Each year's theme for fire prevention week is set by the National Fire Protection Association. This year, the idea was to encourage people to check their smoke detectors once a month and to change the batteries once a year. Besides that, Ramey said, the characters try to reinforce the theme from the year before - to keep fire safety fresh in the children's minds.

"We try to show five behaviors at the maximum," Ramey said. "Past that and they will forget them."

They've also broken the kindergarten and first-graders out of the bigger group production. Some kindergartners, Ramey said, are still somewhat frightened by the clowns, the darkness and the noise of the full-scale production. Starting in 2003, the younger students received a special visit from two volunteers, Holly Fulbright and John Reick. "A big venue can be overwhelming for them," Fulbright said of the kindergartners who are seeing firefighters in school for the first time. "We get down on our knees and talk to them on their level."

The two bring all of the gear a firefighter entering a burning building would wear, including the air tanks, hoses and mask. "We talk about the gear as he puts it on so the younger children get accustomed to seeing it," Fulbright said. "We let them put their hands on some of the gear, answer questions and talk about the importance of knowing your address and phone number. Then, she said, LeRoy Lattin, another firefighter, brings around a fire truck. The children are able to look in all the compartments, climb through the cab and practice a stop, drop and roll. Each child also receives a fire hat.

It takes about 20 minutes, Fulbright said, but it introduces the younger children to firefighters in a non-threatening situation that could help save their lives, or the lives of other family members, later.

According to the U.S. Fire Administration, between 1989 and 1998 in the United States 5,830 children died in fires. Children younger than age five were twice as likely as the rest of the population to die in a residential fire.

So far, the efforts of the volunteers seem to be working. Ramey said this year two girls came up to him while he was out checking fire hydrants with Mike Valdez, another firefighter. The girls asked, "Are you real firefighters?" And when the two men said yes, the conversation turned to the Pumper Family.

"They weren't very good," one of the girls said.

Ramey said he was crushed until Valdez asked why they thought the clowns weren't very good.

"They said, 'One clown didn't get out of the house.'" Since the whole message was aimed at telling children to leave the house safely and quickly and not to go back in under any circumstances, Ramey suddenly felt a whole lot better.

Protecting children, and their families, after all, was the whole goal of the program, which started in 1990 with B.J. Love, a volunteer firefighter who has since moved away.

Love said Pagosa's fire protection program grew out of tragedy. "I was one of two firefighters to respond to a plane crash at Stevens Field," Love said. "The pilot was burned beyond recognition. I was traumatized as you might well imagine. They sent me for debriefing, but I just couldn't get it out of my mind. I didn't want to fight fires anymore."

The same year he attended the fire academy in Durango where he was introduced to teaching fire safety to children.

"I came out of that class a different person," he said. "This was the perfect outlet for me to teach children fire safety so maybe they wouldn't end up like the man in the plane, only from wood stoves or playing with matches, home fires or anything else that might cause a child to be burned."

Eventually, the department came up with the money to send Love to clown school in Bullhead City, Ariz. It's an annual weeklong program taught by professional clowns and attended by about 150 students, including all four of Pagosa's current clowns.

Love became, "Willie the Clown," putting together costume, makeup and a musical program before approaching the schools. Kathy Carter, a friend, first asked him into the classroom. Before the day was over he had performed for five different classes and a tradition was born.

"You couldn't shut me up," Love said. "I went to women's groups, the county fair, grand openings or whereever I could get the word around. The Fourth of July parades were especially fun. I guess my picture was taken with a child hundreds of times."

Love eventually had to give up the program after being injured in a training exercise. He and his wife have since moved away.

"You don't know how glad I was to learn that my good buddy, Duwane Ramey, had revived the program and it is going strong as ever," Love said.

Ramey said when he became training coordinator, Chief Warren Grams asked him to head up the prevention program, a part of the job that makes him smile - and realize how many lives can be impacted, not by fighting fires, but by helping stop them before they start.

Pagosa's Past

Chama Valley settlers ancestors

of Pagosa Hispanic population

By John M. Motter

SUN Columnist

New Mexico Hispanic and Indian history is an integral part of the history of Pagosa Country.

The Hispanic settlers of the Lower Chama River Valley were, for the most part, the ancestors of nearly all people of Hispanic heritage living in Pagosa Country today.

When I moved to Pagosa Country more than 30 years ago, about half the population was all or part Hispanic. That's why Hispanic culture and history must be studied in order to have a clear understanding of Pagosa Country today.

Those same Hispanics maintained a relationship, and to a large degree, intermarried with the indigenous Pueblo, Ute, Apache, Navajo and Comanche peoples over a period of more than 200 years before Anglo-Americans arrived on the scene in any numbers.

Our source for this look at Hispanic-Indio bearings on Pagosa Country history is "Pobladores" written by Frances Leon Quintana.

From 1780 through 1820, the last four decades of colonial (Spanish) rule in Mexico, census and other records provide evidence of substantial changes heralding the emergence of a new kind of society. The number of people designated as Spaniards and Castas and later as Gente de Razón "people of reason" rose from 7,666 in 1760 to 17,153 in 1788 and up to 30,000 in 1822. The Pueblo population remained stable at less than 10,000 with a severe dip due to an epidemic in 1788. Each successive generation after the mid-eighteenth century had a majority core that was more clearly indigenous to New Mexico and was less inclined to drift back to Mexico or Spain, unlike earlier settlers.

Pueblos seemed to be integrating into the Hispanic Culture and bringing certain of their ways with them. In general, the Hispanic settlers and their settled Indian neighbors paid as little attention as possible to the demands of governors, alcaldes, and mission priests. They relied on institutions internal to the immediate community, an attitude which intensified in later years.

The nomadic Indians of New Mexico had been profoundly influenced by Hispanic colonial culture, but remained free of its domination. At the beginning of the 19th century, the threat of Comanche and Apache raids was largely replaced by a challenge from the Navajos leading to a chronic state of hostilities. At the same time, new settlers arrived from Mexico and probably Spain reinforcing the caste ideology that persisted in both countries. Local families also accumulated more wealth due to the fact that the Comanches had moved to Texas and no longer raided in New Mexico. It had also become customary for settlers from the New Mexico villages to go out on the plains each year to hunt buffalo and also to trade with the Comanches.

The settlers of the 18th century land grants in the lower Chama valley were mostly persons of modest means. They had servants, mainly children, Hispanics as well as Indians. Their livestock holdings were small since Indian raids prevented rapid increase in flocks.

A number of 19th century land grants allowed the New Mexico Hispanics to move further up the Chama River Valley in the direction of Pagosa Country. A land grant of special local interest because it contained land now contained within the boundaries of Archuleta County was the Tierra Amarilla Land Grant, from the start the largest and one of the most controversial.

The first petition for the TA land grant was made in 1814 by Marcial Montoya, Pedro Romero, and 70 others. A second petition was submitted in 1820 by Manuel Martín and Juan Pablo Romero on behalf of themselves and 60 other families. Again in 1824, Manuel Martín and Pablo Romero, representing themselves and 76 others, renewed the petition. They claimed they were landless and had large families. The second claim was true, but Manuel Martín and others among the petitioners were large landowners.

The main objective of the many petitioners was probably to secure the Tierra Amarilla tract as a sheep range for themselves against other who might apply for a grant. Abiquiu settlers had been grazing their sheep in the area, probably before the first petition. The Capote Indians hunted seasonally in the area. It is likely that unauthorized trading also took place in the area. Modern readers should be informed that the area being discussed is still called Tierra Amarilla, located scarcely one hour south of Pagosa Springs.

More next week on New Mexico Hispanics and their contributions to Pagosa Country history.



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Rain, lower temps expected early next week

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

For Pagosa Country residents who enjoy "living on the edge," the coming week's weather should offer the opportunity.

According to the latest forecasts for the region, a creeping low-pressure system is expected to begin brushing past the area before the end of the weekend.

"And Pagosa should be just on the back edge of this eastward system," said Ellen Heffernan, a forecaster with the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction.

The system should begin to arrive sometime Sunday, said Heffernan, bringing with it the chance for widespread rain showers.

"Right now it's not a real cold system," said Heffernan, "but I would expect to see some light snow at higher elevations and mainly rain in the downtown area."

While clouds should start to build by late afternoon Sunday, "The main portion will probably not reach the Four Corners region until Monday morning," said Heffernan.

"By Tuesday, cloud cover should begin to break up," she concluded.

According to Heffernan, today's forecast includes mostly-sunny skies, daytime high temperatures ranging from 55-65 and evening lows anywhere from 15 to 25 degrees.

Friday and Saturday call for occasional clouds, highs in the 60s and lows in the 25-35 range.

Mainly clear conditions should continue through Sunday morning, then be replaced by increasing clouds by afternoon. Highs should top out in the 50s; lows are predicted around 30.

Monday's forecast indicates overcast skies, a 40-percent chance for rain, highs in the 50s and lows in the upper 20s.

The forecasts for Tuesday and Wednesday predict a 20-percent chance for isolated rain showers, highs in the 50s and lows near freezing.

The average high temperature recorded last week in Pagosa Springs was 61 degrees. The average low was 32. Moisture totals amounted to just under one-tenth of an inch.

The Pagosa Ranger District rates the area fire danger as "low."

For updates on current fire danger and federal fire restrictions, call the Pagosa Ranger District office at 264-2268.

San Juan River flow through town ranged from a low of about 150 cubic feet per second to a high of approximately 305 cubic feet per second last week.

The river's historic median flow for the week of Oct. 14 is roughly 85 cubic feet per second.