October 7, 2004 
Front Page

Flu shots due; but vaccine

is scarce

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

They're here!

It is time to roll up the sleeves and prepare for a flu shot - if you're in a category health officials deem critical.

That includes children 6-23 months of age and anyone who comes in contact with them regularly, and most people over 50 years old.

To facilitate the flu shot distribution, San Juan Basin Health Department has scheduled several off-site clinics in the area, as well as regular shot administration 8-9 a.m. daily in the office at 502 S. 8th St. in Pagosa Springs.

Tuesday's announcement of the withdrawal of all flu vaccine produced by an English laboratory will not affect immediate local plans because vaccine already had been purchased from an American production facility.

However, with the announcement of an anticipated major flu vaccine shortage, San Juan Basin Health Department is requesting community cooperation in targeting the vaccine to those at highest risk for influenza.

Susie Kleckner, office administrator, said the vaccination program at the office will start Tuesday, Oct. 12.

The following day shots will be available at the senior center in the community center building 11 a.m.-2 p.m. "While we'll be targeting the senior citizens," Kleckner said, "the doors will be open to anyone on that day."

Another shot clinic will be operated 1-4 p.m. Friday, Oct. 15 at Ponderosa Do-It-Best and still another is scheduled 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Thursday, Oct. 21, at the Catholic Church in Arboles.

For the month of October, the Health Department requests that only people in the following groups receive flu vaccine:

- children 6-23 months old;

- people 50 years of age or older;

- anyone who has anemia, heart, lung, kidney or metabolic disease;

- household contacts of those at highest risk;

- health care workers.

Beginning Nov. 1, clinics will be open to the public on a first-come, first-served basis. San Juan Basin Health Department's flu clinic schedule is posted on the Web site, www.sjbhd.org. Flu shot cost will be $20 and the cost is covered for Medicare recipients by Part B. They must have their card in hand when getting the shot. The shots can be covered under Medicaid for children, but not adults.

According to the recommendation of the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices the following people are at high risk for complications from the flu and should be vaccinated:

- People 65 years and older;

- People who live in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities that house those with long-term illnesses;

- Adults and children 6 months and older who have chronic heart or lung conditions, including asthma;

- Adults and children 6 months and older who needed regular medical care or were in a hospital during the previous year because of a metabolic disease (like diabetes), chronic kidney disease, or weakened immune system (including immune system problems caused by medicines or by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS);

- Children between 6 months and 18 years of age who are on long-term aspirin therapy. (If given aspirin while they have the flu, they are at risk of a severe illness called Reye syndrome);

- Women who will be pregnant during the influenza season; and

- All children 6 to 23 months of age.

People 50 to 64

Nearly one-third of people 50 to 64 years of age in the United States have one or more medical condition that place them at increased risk for serious complications from the flu. For that reason, since 2000, it has been recommended that all people 50 to 64 years of age get vaccinated each year to increase the number of high-risk 50- to 64-year-olds who are protected against the flu.

People who can give the flu to others at high risk

To help prevent spreading the flu to those at high risk for complications from the illness, the following people should get vaccinated if shots are available:

- Anyone (including children 6 months and older) who lives with someone in a high-risk group;

- Doctors, nurses, and other employees in hospitals and doctors' offices, including emergency response services;

- People who work in nursing homes and long-term care facilities who have contact with patients or residents;

- People who work in assisted living and other residences for people in high-risk groups; and

- Anyone who provides care to those in high-risk groups (including children under the age of 2).

Pregnancy and flu

Pregnant women are at increased risk for complications from the flu and are more likely to be hospitalized from flu complications than non-pregnant women of the same age. In previous worldwide outbreaks of influenza (like the pandemics of 1918-19 and 1957-58), there were many deaths among pregnant women associated with influenza.

It is not known why pregnant women are at higher risk, but pregnancy can change a woman's immune system and affect her cardiovascular system (heart and lung function). These changes may place a pregnant woman at increased risk for complications from the flu. Because of the increased risk for flu-related complications, ACIP recommends that women who will be pregnant during the flu get vaccinated.

Children 6 to 23 months

Studies have shown that healthy children under the age of 2 years are at increased risk for flu-related hospitalization compared with older healthy children. Because of this increased risk, it's recommended that all children (even healthy children) 6 to 23 months of age get vaccinated. (The influenza vaccine is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in children younger than 6 months. This is why the recommendation is limited to children 6 to 23 months rather than all children less than 2 years old.)

Note: Children under the age of 9 receiving the vaccine for the first time will require two doses. The first dose "primes" the immune system. A second dose is required to produce a protective immune response.

General population

Anyone who wants to lower their chances of getting the flu can get vaccinated, if supplies of vaccine are available after October.

People who provide essential community services (such as police officers and firefighters) should consider getting a vaccinated to minimize disruption of key public-service activities during flu outbreaks. Students who live in dormitories or anyone who lives in an institutional setting should be encouraged to get vaccinated because crowded living conditions may mean that the flu can spread more easily.

Breastfeeding mothers

It is safe for breastfeeding women to get vaccinated. Antibody against influenza viruses are passed in breast milk and may offer additional protection against the flu for infants.


The risk of getting the flu during travel depends on the destination and time of travel. In the tropics, the flu can occur at any time of year. In the Southern Hemisphere, most influenza activity occurs from April through September. In the Northern and Southern hemispheres, travelers also can be exposed to the flu during the summer, especially when traveling as part of large tourist groups that include people from areas of the world where influenza virus is circulating.

Depending on their health condition, providers should consider vaccinating travelers at high risk for flu-related complications, especially if they plan to:

- travel to the tropics;

- travel with large tourist groups at any time of year; or

- travel to the Southern Hemisphere from April through September

People 50 years and older who are at high risk for complications from the flu should talk to their doctor before they travel to find out about the symptoms and risks of influenza and whether they should carry antiviral medications with them for either prevention or treatment.

For more information related to influenza prevention for travelers, visit the CDC Traveler's Health Web site at www.cdc.gov/travel/diseases/influenza.htm.

Pneumonia vaccinations

Pneumonia shots will be administered at the health department offices only. Cost is $35 and they, too, are covered by Medicare Part B.

Kleckner said health officials recommend the pneumonia shots, within five years, for anyone over 65 who has had an initial shot.

If you had an initial pneumonia shot before age 65, one more is recommended by age 70.

Generally, those will be the only two such shots specified for the most at-risk group, the senior citizens.


Runway paving to begin at airport

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Barring weather-related delays, an ongoing schedule of efforts to upgrade Stevens Field will apparently remain active for at least the next several weeks.

That's the latest outlook according to Ken Fox, county airport manager, who presented Archuleta County commissioners an airport activity update during this week's board meeting.

One initiative expected to begin this week is the paving of the airport runway.

Weather permitting, the north part of the runway should be operational "by the time the snow flies," said Fox.

According to Fox, the remainder of runway paving operations are tentatively scheduled for completion sometime next spring and early summer.

Also expected to begin this week is primary preparation and construction of the new fuel farm site, with completion anticipated within the next four to five weeks.

Other topics addressed by Fox Tuesday included agreements with private citizens related to the construction of new hangars, which Fox indicated are nearing completion.

Delivery of steel that will be used in hangar construction, said Fox, is probably "four to six weeks out."

Projects on the airport's "long-term" list include the establishment of a new parallel taxiway, which is not expected to begin until 2007.

Also on the distant horizon, said Fox, is obtainment of an automated weather observation system, or "AWOS," which Fox indicated will probably be delayed "at least another year" if not longer.

With regard to funding, Fox told the board the county is apparently in line for a $250,000 grant that will be put toward additional paving.

Fox indicated official notification of the grant award is expected to be determined during the grant review portion of the Colorado Airport Operators Association fall conference scheduled later this month.

Finally, Fox told the board he is attending a conference this week at Denver International Airport designed to broaden understanding of environmental issues affecting state airports and how to properly address such concerns.


Public records spat irks county officials

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Is there an internal conflict brewing inside the Archuleta County courthouse?

Based on what transpired during this week's board of county commissioners' meeting, the likely answer is "yes."

Speaking on behalf of staff near the onset of Tuesday's board meeting, Bill Steele, county administrator, requested and was granted permission from the board to seek "a legal opinion" regarding the authority of county departments to obtain public records housed inside the county assessor's office.

Apparently, recent attempts by at least two county departments to obtain public records from the assessor's office have failed.

In further discussion of the matter, Mamie Lynch, board chair, described the apparent unwillingness of the assessor's office to provide requested public records as "an ongoing situation."

Said Lynch, "I know it's been going on for four years."

According to Lynch, some of the public records that are apparently being denied by the assessor's office could affect the county's ability to comply with accounting and financial reporting requirements stipulated in Governmental Accounting Standards Board statement No. 34, commonly referred to as "GASB 34."

Though she did not elaborate, with regard to past attempts to obtain public records, said Lynch, "In trying to get there, we've had obstacles."

As a result, the board and administration are in the process of "trying to find out what alternatives are available to us," said Lynch.

In short, when asked if county employees are being blatantly denied access to public records by the assessor's office and/or Keren Prior, county assessor - "Yes," replied Lynch.

Prior did not attend Tuesday's board meeting, but gave a different account of the situation during a telephone interview Wednesday.

In response to Lynch's assertion, "No, they are not being denied information," said Prior. "They get what they request."

However, Prior indicated there may be some confusion surrounding recent requests from the county global information systems department for maps on file within the assessor's office, requests that apparently carry a price tag.

"Maybe they object to the fact, but state statute says that I am not only the custodian of these records and should maintain them, but that I can also charge a reasonable amount for them," said Prior.

"But everything in this office that is public information is certainly accessible," added Prior.

"So I don't know why they need to consult our county attorneys, what the intent is or what the problem is," she concluded.

In other business this week, the board:

- approved an intergovernmental agreement with the town of Pagosa Springs indicating the county will contribute $315,000 toward the reconstruction of Cemetery Road, roughly half of the project's estimated cost;

- at no cost to the county, agreed to sponsor a Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association initiative to seek a Great Outdoors Colorado grant which, if obtained, will be used to fund trail construction along Lake Forest Circle and North Pagosa Boulevard;

- approved the 2005 USDA Wildlife Services agreement regarding predator control and wildlife damage management;

- approved a request from Andy Fautheree, county veterans' services officer, concerning submittal of a Veterans of Foreign Wars grant application aimed at upgrading transportation services for county veterans in 2005.


Downtown historic district a step closer

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Pagosa Springs is one step closer to the creation of a historic business district following this week's town council meeting.

After a first reading Tuesday night, council members unanimously approved an ordinance establishing the downtown block along Pagosa and Lewis Streets (between 4th and 5th streets) and the Archuleta County courthouse as a historic overlay district.

Sixty-three properties are located within the proposed district's boundaries, and while not every building will qualify for historic designation, more than enough will apparently meet the required criteria.

According to the ordinance which gained preliminary approval this week, in order to be eligible for historic designation, properties within proposed district boundaries must exhibit the following characteristics:

- They have character, interest of value as part of the development, heritage or cultural characteristics of local significance and are valuable as a part of the heritage of the town.

- They are identified with a person or persons who significantly contributed to the culture and development of the town.

- They exemplify cultural, economic, social or historic heritage.

- Their structures are a significant component of a historically significant neighborhood and the preservation of the structure is important for the maintenance of that neighborhood character.

- Their structures are critical to the preservation of the character and identity of the local community because of their relationship in terms of size, location and architectural similarity to other structures of historical or architectural significance.

With regard to age requirements, "We use 50 years as a baseline," said Tamra Allen, the town's historic preservation officer, indicating there is apparently no steadfast rule that applies.

Feedback from business owners within the proposed district has been favorable; a recent town survey indicates roughly 71 percent of business owners are willing to participate in the initiative - far exceeding the required, 51-percent response rate.

The ordinance establishing the creation of the district will become official upon completion of a second reading, which is scheduled to take place during the council's next meeting.

Other business conducted by the council this week included:

- approval of consolidation of Cornerstone lots 191, 193 and 195 on Talisman Drive;

- approval of an annual State Income Tax Credit Review Authority agreement;

- approval of an intergovernmental agreement with the county outlining the confidential exchange of sales tax information between the two entities;

- approval of an intergovernmental agreement with the county indicating the entities will split the costs related to upgrades to Cemetery Road.


 Inside The Sun

County seeks volunteers for pair of citizens' committees

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Archuleta County is looking for a few good volunteers.

At the request of county planning and building department staff Tuesday, the board of commissioners authorized the formation and recruitment of two citizens' advisory committees - one to provide input on a forthcoming transfer of development rights program, and another to address issues concerning outdoor lighting regulations.

With regard to county lighting regulations, Julie Rodriguez, director of county development, told commissioners this week that planning staff "has determined that possible changes are needed and would like direction from the board as to how you would like for us to handle the changes."

Based on the number and history of concerns with the county's current outdoor lighting code expressed by business owners and private citizens, said Rodriguez, it is necessary "to take another look" at the regulations.

The regulations were originally created by a citizens' advisory committee in 2002 through collaboration with former county planning director Greg Comstock, evaluated and recommended by the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission, then adopted by the board.

"Planning staff would like to know if the board prefers that we again follow this method for changes," said Rodriguez, "or would prefer that staff make the changes, then present them to the planning commission for recommendation to the board."

In response, Commissioner Alden Ecker moved to direct planning staff to advertise for a seven-member citizens' committee to review the regulations under the guidance of the planning department.

The motion carried unanimously, and planning staff later clarified that volunteers chosen to review the regulations will not be charged with "reinventing the wheel."

Marcus Baker, associate county planner, stated the committee's primary responsibility will most likely be to provide feedback on "minor changes to existing language" in the current outdoor lighting regulations.

In addition, the board indicated public hearings will be conducted prior to the potential adoption of any regulation changes.

'TDR' volunteers sought

In related business, the board approved the pursuit of a committee to spearhead the creation of a transfer of development rights program to coincide with ongoing efforts to establish new county land-use regulations.

The following is a press release issued by the county planning department which provides further information on the program, as well as details for anyone interested in serving on the committee:

The Archuleta County Planning Department is seeking volunteers to participate in a citizens advisory committee for preparing a transfer of development rights (TDR) program for use with the future Archuleta County Performance Development Code.

The TDR program would be voluntary for landowners and developers to participate in.

This voluntary program would offer financial incentives to the landowner in exchange for the property's development rights.

The development rights sold by one landowner would be bought by a developer or another land owner to allow more intense development in the urban areas.

In effect, transferring development rights reduces urban sprawl; preserves ranchlands, wildlife habitat and open space areas; and compensates land owners for conserving portions of their land.

TDR programs vary around the country, but the planning department would like to create a system that works well for the citizens of Archuleta County. This is why the planning department needs community participation.

The planning department would like to assemble a team of citizens that consists of developers, a real estate agent, rural land owners, urban land owners, town and county government representatives and a member of the local Southwest Land Alliance. Others may also be considered.

This group will meet once a week until a draft of the program is complete (12-16 weeks).

If you are interested in participating in the creation of this program or if you simply have questions about the program, please call Marcus Baker at 264-5851.


Planning Commission

The Archuleta County Planning Commission will hold its regular meeting at 7 p.m. Wednesday, Oct. 12, in the board of county commissioners' meeting room in the county courthouse. Public comment is welcome and encouraged.

The agenda includes:

- call to order/roll call at 7 p.m.;

- Continental Estates II - Sketch plan review re-plat of Pineview Drive and lots 45 and 46.

This is a request for the planning commission to review the sketch plan for the re-plat of Pineview Drive to vacate approximately 125 feet at the south end of the platted road right-of-way and for the consolidation of lots 45 and 46, incorporating the vacated portion of Pineview Drive.

The property is located at 238 and 101 Pineview Drive off Easy Street in Continental Subdivision. The property is legally described as Section 32, Township 35 North, Range 1 West, N.M.P.M., Archuleta County, Colo.

- review of the Aug. 11 planning commission minutes;

- other business that may come before the commission;

- adjournment.


Voter forum on general election issues Oct. 12

A commissioner candidate and ballot issues forum preceding the Nov. 2, general election will be held Tuesday, Oct. 12, in the Extension building at the county fairgrounds.

The session, sponsored by League of Women Voters of Archuleta County, opens with a chance to meet the candidates at 6:30 p.m. followed by the forum at 7.

There will be one unopposed candidate for county commissioner in District 2, Republican Rhonda Zaday; and two candidates for the seat representing District 1, Republican Robin Schiro and Independent Nan Rowe.

In addition, several issues on the ballot will be discussed Oct. 12, including local water concerns, statewide initiatives regarding construction liability, tobacco tax increases, selection of presidential electors and renewable energy requirements as well as referenda for the state personnel system and repeal of obsolete constitutional provisions.

The forum is for information only, and is not a public debate.

It is open to all county citizens and the format encourages them to meet and talk with candidates, and learn their positions, thereby promoting informed decision making in the voting booth.

At the same time, the league suggests those who are tired of negative political campaigning use the power of their vote for positive change.

Members suggest voters support candidates who display leadership, create confidence in our system of government and inspire us to think - proactive, not reactive.

How can the voter do these things?

- Evaluate political materials and advertising carefully. Ask yourself if it is positive or negative. Does it give good reasons to vote for a specific candidate or does it merely tear down the opponent?

- Call or write candidates, party leaders and the news media. Protest negative campaigning; praise positive efforts.

- Speak out at public meetings with candidates. Hold them accountable for content or lack thereof in their campaign materials, advertising, debates and appearances.

- Support and work for candidates who are represented by campaigns you believe are informative, relevant and fair.

- Vote - and encourage others to vote - for those candidates whose campaigns engender confidence in our system of government.

Radio station KWUF will carry the LWV forum live.


Issues studied, school children ready to vote

By Windsor Chacey

Special to The SUN

Imagine a Pagosa Springs where even the youngest citizens know about the coming elections and are excited about their chance to participate.

A community where everyone from 8 to 80 discusses political issues, knows the importance of participating in civic life, is informed, and knows how to be an effective participant.

This is the vision behind Kids Voting Colorado/Pagosa Springs, an innovative civic education program now in progress in the Archuleta District 50 Joint schools.

Kids Voting is a grassroots, non-partisan, nonprofit organization dedicated to increasing civic participation through the education of youth about the importance of voting and to increase adult voter turnout. It was created as a way to improve the understanding that our youth have about the importance of civic life, and to involve adults, businesses and the entire community in that process.

The need for civic education through this program is demonstrated by the alarmingly low voter turnout throughout the United States, as well as in Colorado, and particularly in our local elections.

Through interactive activities in the Kids Voting curriculum, kindergarten through 12th-grade students develop critical thinking and information gathering skills.

The curriculum does not teach specific information about candidates and issues. It focuses on the electoral process, is written by teachers for teachers, easily integrated into civics standards as well as other disciplines, and taught by the regular classroom teachers.

Curriculum lessons don't just focus on the voting booth, but mesh well with the Colorado Model Content Standards and the CSAP Bench Marks. Many activities concentrate on broader civic participation: discussion of what government is and how it influences our lives; how citizen involvement shapes public policy; how to inform yourself about relevant issues; the importance of running for and serving in elected office; the value to the community of volunteering; and most importantly, the power of the voting process to sustain the democratic process and improve the lives of community members.

Kids Voting takes learning outside the classroom and gives students a simulated election experience. Early in the fall, students register to vote in their classes and encourage their parents to register as well. On Election Day, students go to their neighborhood polling places with their parents (they do not go as a class) and cast their own, special, locally developed ballots at their own polling booths assisted by Kids Voting volunteers.

The results of the students' election are reported through local news media. With Kids Voting, adults not only vote in higher numbers, but they volunteer at the polls, talk to students about the elections, and become more involved citizens themselves.

The program is implemented by a Kids Voting steering committee of community, business, education leaders and volunteers. This group raises funds, supports the participation of the schools, organizes and recruits volunteers to staff the polls, and helps to increase community awareness and involvement in the electoral process.

The Kids Voting program is provided to the schools at no cost and is funded through the generosity of local organizations and businesses such as Rotary, Kiwanis, Bank of the San Juans, 1st Southwest Bank, La Plata Electric, Rio Grande Savings and Loan, Wells Fargo, and the League of Women Voters of Archuleta County.


Sanitation district rejects Harman Park sewer proposal

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

The board of directors of the Pagosa Springs Sanitation General Improvement District rejected a sewer maintenance proposal Tuesday from Harman Park Subdivision.

The board, which is comprised of members of the town council, based its denial of the request on the fact Harman Park's sewer system is intended to be pressurized.

Because of the potential problems that could develop were the district to accept such a system, "a pressured sewer service in this subdivision is one that should not be assumed for maintenance purposes by the district," said Phil Starks, sanitation district supervisor.

A review of the subdivision's proposal in reports issued by Briliam Engineering echo such sentiments, recommending "a final gravity sewer system design and specifications be developed (by Harman Park) for final review and approval prior to the construction of the system."

If Harman Park opts to continue development of a pressurized system, the subdivision will be required to follow Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment regulations regarding operations of a "satellite system."

The system could then be connected to the district's existing gravity system after final approval by the district board.

In related business, Starks reported no violations concerning the operation of district lagoons for the month of September.

In addition, no clogs or spills affected the district collection system last month, said Starks.

Proposed projects identified in Stark's report Tuesday included consideration of upgrades to the east U.S. 160 main line extension, upgrade consideration for the main line between South 5th and South 6th streets and a pending analysis of the district collection system involving global-positioning system mapping.

Rate structure

After a public hearing that lasted roughly one minute Tuesday because there were no comments from the public, the board took no action on the proposed, new district rate structure.

According to directors, the issue will likely be revisited during the board's next regular meeting.


Participants sought for county land-use survey

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Be heard.

For the next four weeks, Archuleta County residents can have a direct impact on the future of their land-use regulations by participating in an online survey being conducted by the county planning department.

The survey has been available for completion and submittal on the county's Web site since last weekend.

In order to complete and submit the survey, residents should go to www.archuletacounty.org and click on the link near the bottom of the page titled "survey," then follow the instructions provided.

The county is encouraging maximum participation in the survey process, and public workshops will be conducted in order to provide additional survey information and address related questions.

The first workshop is scheduled to take place in the Vista Clubhouse Oct. 20, 7 p.m.

The second workshop is set for Oct. 28, 7 p.m. inside the county Extension building.

Though the preference is to have as many residents as possible complete the survey online, all county residents are eligible and strongly encouraged to participate in the survey, whether or not they have Internet service available.

Residents who would like to fill out hard copies of the survey can obtain them at the county planning department, 527 A San Juan St.

Until the completion deadline of Nov. 5, 4 p.m., surveys will also be distributed at the county commissioners' office, county clerk's office, county Extension building, Arboles Store, Chimney Rock Restaurant, Chromo Mercantile, Pagosa Springs Post Office, Ruby Sisson Library, Turkey Springs Trading Post and the Silver Foxes Den Senior Center (inside the community center).

Surveys are also expected to be available near polling locations during this year's Nov. 2 general election.

Completed surveys can be submitted at the following locations: county planning office, county clerk's office, Arboles Store, Chimney Rock Restaurant, Chromo Mercantile, Ruby Sisson Library and Turkey Springs Trading Post.

Residents can also request surveys be mailed to their households by calling the planning department office at 264-5851 or 264-4785.

General information

In summary, the survey asks residents to assign specific values to a list of "performance criteria" that will be used to evaluate future development proposals within five respective, geographic areas of the county described as "planning districts."

Though subject to change, the five districts currently proposed are: Southwest District (including Arboles), Southeast District (including Chromo and the Upper/Lower Blanco areas), Northeast District (including Loma Linda, and Holiday Acres), Northwest District (including Aspen Springs and Chimney Rock) and Pagosa Lakes District.

The main objective of the survey is to aid the ongoing development of an entirely new county land-use code that began last August.

The new, performance-based code will eventually replace existing regulations and, as survey instructions point out, is intended to be based on two sets of design standards that will factor heavily in the county's review, approval or disapproval of new development initiatives within each planning district.

The two sets of design standards to be considered in the survey are identified as "absolute" and "relative" standards.

"Absolute" standards are proposed as "concrete rules for new development that must be complied with" - mandatory requirements to be met in all cases except those in which a variance is requested by the developer and granted by the county commissioners.

"Relative" standards are "criteria in the new code that would be encouraged or discouraged" to allow flexibility in the design of a new project, but not required.

Questions in the survey ask residents to consider if the range of items listed, or "performance standards," should be designated as absolute standards or relative standards.

Some examples of performance standards residents are asked to consider include "avoiding commercial and industrial development over 20,000 square feet" and "designating critical wildlife habitat to be in open space."

Survey questions are separated into two parts, "Step 1" and "Step 2."

Step 1 begins with the question of whether or not the individual filling out the survey believes the performance standard listed should be designated as an absolute standard - a requirement.

In Step 1, the individual is asked to circle either "yes" or "no."

For example, one question asks residents to decide if "locating new gravel pits to minimize visual and environmental impacts" should be designated an absolute standard.

If the answer is "yes," meaning the participant believes locating new gravel pits to minimize visual and environmental impacts should be a an absolute standard required of developers, the participant moves on to the next question.

Should the answer be "no," meaning the participant does not believe such, he or she moves on to Step 2 of the question, which requires the participant to assign an importance value to the standard by circling a number from 1 to 5, with 5 being most important and 1 being least important.

If the participant answers "no" and circles "5," for example, he or she is stating that the standard listed should be designated a relative standard that is highly encouraged by the county, but not required.

If "2" is circled, in effect the participant is saying it is important that the standard in question should be somewhat encouraged, but not required.

For further clarification and more information on the survey or survey instructions, contact the planning department Monday-Friday between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m.


Pirate sports fans face bevy of road projects getting to games

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Those planning to attend the Pagosa Pirate's soccer game Friday in Crested Butte - and to a lesser degree those heading to the prep football showdown in Monte Vista and the Fowler volleyball tournament - should be aware of potential delays en route.

Not only are the three projects on Wolf Creek Pass still underway, soccer fans may also encounter additional delays on the west side of Cochetopa Pass between Saguache and Gunnison.

And, Colorado Department of Transportation lists another project that could cause delays in the Town of Almont between Gunnison and Crested Butte.

One thing they, football and volleyball fans won't have to worry about is the overnight closings of Wolf Creek - they are in effect 10 p.m.-5 a.m. Monday through Thursday in conjunction with the Lonesome Dove to Windy Point project at the east base of the pass.

Still, ongoing blasting and stone removal could lead to delays in that project strip of 30 minutes or more.

Also underway on Wolf Creek, but nearing completion, with only minor delays expected, are the paving project on the west side from Treasure Falls upward; and the tunnel project on the west side where equipment maneuvering could cause delays.

Once off Wolf Creek, soccer fans - but not those going to Monte Vista or Fowler - can anticipate more delays on a 10-mile stretch of Cochetopa Pass' west side (milemarkers 19-29) where resurfacing is underway. A 10-foot width restriction is in effect.

The Almont project on Colo. 135 (mileposts 5.8-6.1) involves reconstruction and safety improvements with delays possible 6:30 a.m.-7 p.m.

Weather permitting, contractors say, there could be additional pass closures on Wolf Creek throughout October. For updated schedule information each week, call the hotline at (719) 850-2553.

For Friday, our advice is leave early, pack a lunch, take a radio and a good book - and drive carefully.


Four-part game hunting season opens Saturday

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

You've seen them in the wild - scoping out the likely locations.


Hunters in camo.

Hunters on four-wheelers and hunters looking for the best camp sites.

They're poised to invade the area with, perhaps, two thoughts in mind: Meat for the winter table or a trophy rack to hang over the fireplace.

While all this preparation was going on, the deer and elk seemed immune to the threat.

Almost daily deer could be seen on the fringes of Four Corners communities, some venturing right into town.

And within 20 miles of Pagosa Springs in almost any direction, elk seemed to be gathering to lay evasion plans for the hunter invasion.

Mother Nature has done her part, delivering snow in the higher elevations and heavy rains in lower areas making the fall grasses green up and grow to provide forage for the wildlife.

Hunters regard the high-country snows as a benefit in tracking, but the elusive game are generally scouting out their own refuges when they see the influx of hunters scoping the range.

What are we looking for as the annual confrontation begins?

- Limited (by draw only) elk season opens Saturday, Oct. 9, and continues through Wednesday, Oct. 13.

- Over-the-counter combined deer and elk season will be Saturday, Oct. 16, through Sunday, Oct. 24.

- The third season, combined for deer and elk, opens Saturday, Oct. 30 and continues through Friday, Nov. 5.

- The last of the four fall seasons, a limited hunt for both elk and deer, opens Saturday, Nov. 6, and continues through Wednesday, Nov. 10.

Wildlife officials say there is a somewhat larger than average deer and elk supply in the regional hunting units and most expect an excellent culling if the weather holds.


Mighty Wapiti raise a racket near camp

By Chuck McGuire

SUN Columnist

Darkness lingered as I crawled out of the tent, and the calm early-morning air, while still crisp, felt much warmer than expected. Glancing upward, I was certain thick clouds were responsible for the curious clemency, but only a few lenticulars stretched over the glowing eastern horizon and high snowy peaks to the south. Meanwhile, the prominent stars of Orion shone brightly overhead, and, as they had all night long, bull elk in the surrounding forest continued their incessant bugling.

We were camped for a long weekend on a friend's property atop the Uncompahgre Plateau, and this year, Jackie and I joined Bob, the land owner, our nephew, Mike, and my brother and sister-in-law, Jim and Sue. It was mid-September, and, as in most years, we were there to witness changing fall colors, and the gathering frenzy of rutting elk.

The property is one of a handful of 40-acre parcels in a quiet and secluded subdivision far up the plateau from Montrose. The development is largely surrounded by national forest, and roads are primitive, with no winter maintenance. Over the years, only a few modest cabins (including Bob's simple "hunter's" cabin) have been added to the wooded and mostly untamed landscape, and for some time, area deer and elk hunting have been limited to special draw. Consequently, both species seem larger and more numerous with every passing season.

The hunter's cabin sits near the southeast corner of Bob's 40 acres, and its wooden deck overlooks a vast open meadow to the south. Further south, just beyond the meadow, the lofty peaks of the San Juan and San Miguel mountains loom, and just prior to this particular weekend, recent inclement weather had deposited a fresh blanket of snow over their higher reaches. Meanwhile, to the north, east, and west, a thick forest of aspen and Ponderosa pine covers much of the countryside, and upon our arrival, splendid shades of green, yellow, and orange were in full glory.

I hadn't slept on the ground for about 10 years, but because this year marked the fifth anniversary of Jim and Sue's wedding at the property, the cabin's quaint sleeping arrangements were reserved for them. In consideration, Mike curled up in the back of his SUV, as Bob found sufficient shelter in his pickup camper.

Our new dome tent, on the other hand, offered extraordinary comfort, particularly with three-inch foam pads and zip-together sleeping bags added in. In anticipation of frigid nighttime temperatures, we threw in extra blankets and stocking hats, but both nights were unusually mild, and we never needed them.

For a little privacy and sense of adventure, and of course, an increased likelihood of overhearing the raucous behavior of propagating elk, we chose to set the tent a couple of hundred yards northwest of the cabin. There, in the thick of the forest, and closer to a ridge where the preponderance of bugling seemed to originate, we made camp. For two solitary evenings, with the tent neatly erect, our pads and bags efficiently aligned, and a propane lantern illuminating our path from cabin to tent, we found comfort and security in an otherwise dark and somewhat mystical environment.

It was early that first morning, as I stood in the predawn darkness beneath the mighty hunter, Orion, that I wondered if anyone else had awakened and might be up for a walk. Jackie remained snug in her bag, but it was still too dark to see if anyone else had stirred, and I couldn't hear any human activity because, as mentioned, the elk were really carrying on, with most of the racket now apparently coming from the meadow just beyond the trees. I knew within minutes, the first light of day would flood into the clearing, sending any elk out there quickly retreating to the relative safety of the surrounding forest. So I buttoned my jacket, grabbed my binoculars from the Jeep, and cautiously sauntered through the aspens toward open terrain, and what sounded like a developing clash among opposing monarchs.

I stopped a hundred yards from the clearing, and glassed the area to see if I could locate any game. There was still barely enough light to see, but nevertheless, while scanning left to right, a dark solitary figure suddenly materialized in my field of view. It was a magnificent bull, still a fair distance beyond the trees, but as he swaggered back and forth, I could vividly distinguish six symmetrical points on either side of a hefty rack. Meanwhile, continued screening gradually revealed a dozen cows and calves in the great stag's presence, and at once, all appeared to be moving in my direction.

More clouds slowly gathered, as the eastern horizon grew steadily brighter. The grand summits to the south, with their vast, pure white snowfields, stood in sharp contrast to the yet-obscure conifer forests dressing their lower flanks. A steady breeze had developed, and millions of golden leaves trembled in the branches above. Many broke loose under the unbearable strain, ultimately tumbling to the forest floor below.

As the elk warily drew closer, I took advantage of what low light remained, and quietly edged nearer the brink of the meadow. In a moment, with but a small clump of aspens between me and open ground, I glassed them again. They were much closer now, and the bull seemed the size of a draft horse. His antlers were massive, yet he carried them as if they weighed nothing. Bold and confident, his authority was obvious, as he constantly kept vigil over his self-possessed harem.

Meanwhile, dawn was at hand, and the clouds in the east took on vivid shades of purple, then fuchsia, and finally a rosy-orange. Within minutes, the majestic peaks were aflame with the same colors of the sky, and unexpectedly, an unseen pack of coyotes let loose with a loud and boisterous clamor that briefly rivaled the shrill cries of other nearby bulls.

I watched in amazement, as the band of elk progressively approached the small clump of aspens now separating me from them. Not a hundred yards off, loud and animated bugling echoed over the meadow, but strangely, as I focused on the group's master, it wasn't coming from him. Just then, another great bull, with only a few cows and calves in tow, emerged from a low-lying depression further out in the meadow. Heretofore unseen, it was he who made all the commotion, as he came prancing onto the scene.

Both groups merged as they entered the aspen thicket, with the first great monarch clearly agitated by the presence of his rival, and the second frenetically challenging the other. The cows and calves appeared oblivious to it all, as they ignored the unruly contention in favor of periodic grazing.

It wasn't until they actually penetrated the small aspen grove that I realized the elk, including two very disconcerted bulls, stood only about a hundred feet from me. I glanced around, and promptly recognized a clear and present danger, with nothing but a few trees shielding me from a surprised and angry bull, should one decide to charge. At that instant I pronounced a sharp "hiss," to which the lead cow immediately froze, contemplated for a moment, then abruptly turned and trotted off.

Within seconds, the entire group ran south, and eventually veered west into the cover of the forest. That quickly, a potential threat was gone, and so was a most dramatic encounter with the great American Wapiti.


DOW seeking wildlife manager recruits

Colorado Division of Wildlife human resources personnel and wildlife officers will soon travel around the state as part of the agency's annual recruitment and hiring efforts, seeking individuals who are interested in applying for wildlife manager positions.

For the past four years, DOW representatives have organized public presentations to discuss the testing and hiring process for entry-level wildlife manager positions. This year, they will be available for questions at a dozen recruiting sessions around the state. Speakers will explain minimum qualifications, the testing process, types of tests given, how to prepare for tests, wildlife officer job duties, and what to expect during the first year of training.

"For the past several years, almost everyone hired as a wildlife manager attended one of our presentations," said DOW human resources manager Gary Berlin, who attends the sessions every year. "We pack an incredible amount of information into the 90-minute presentations."

The DOW has a rich tradition of recruiting talented and dedicated professionals to manage Colorado's wildlife resources. In working to maintain this tradition, the hiring process for this entry-level position is very competitive. Anyone interested in applying for these positions must meet the minimum qualifications: a degree in natural resources or a related degree in biology, wildlife management, environmental science, range management or zoology.

It's not uncommon for individuals to test several times before receiving a permanent job offer. Those interested in applying for a wildlife manager position are strongly encouraged to attend a presentation to hear from the experts, including veteran wildlife managers.

"District wildlife managers are an important part of the presentations as they share their personal experiences with the testing process. Some even remember the questions from the year they tested. They provide great insight into a pretty competitive selection process," said Rita Laitres, a human resources specialist at the DOW who also attends the sessions every year.

Laitres stressed that a good strategy to successfully maneuver through the intensive testing process would be to attend one of the many recruitment presentations scheduled in October and November. Many current wildlife trainees agreed.

"I made a point to attend one of the presentations," said wildlife manager trainee Cory Chick, who graduated from Adams State College this year. "It really helped to talk with Rod Ruybalid, district wildlife manager in Conejos, to understand the demands of the job."

John Groves, a 2002 Mesa State College graduate and wildlife manager trainee, said the recruitment sessions helped familiarize him with the state hiring process.

"I learned where to find the job announcement on the state Web site, the minimum qualifications, and the four-step testing process," he said.

Stephanie Schuler, a wildlife manager trainee, said she took the presenters' advice to heart when they stressed the importance of studying the DOW Web site.

"It really prepared me for the testing process," she said.

Zach Holder, a wildlife manager trainee and the son of district wildlife manager Bob Holder of Trinidad, said he practically grew up in the DOW and knows all about the position. Even so, he found it valuable to attend one of the recruitment sessions.

"In the presentation they stress the demands of the wildlife manager position and people learn that the position is a multi-purpose one. It's not just a law enforcement job," Holder said.

Jason Duetsch, a 2004 Colorado State University graduate and a current wildlife manager trainee, said he appreciated spending an evening with knowledgeable people who could answer his questions.

"After the presentation was over the presenters were more than happy to stay and answer all our questions. It was nice to receive that kind of attention from professionals who care," he said.

Crystal Petersen, a 2002 Western State College graduate, added, "I already had great temporary field experience with the Division, but the presentation offered valuable studying tips and an in-depth explanation of the first year on the job."

Locations, dates, times

- Alamosa, Adams State College, 6-7:30 p.m., Wednesday, Oct. 27, Science and Math Building, Porter Hall, Room 128;

- Durango, Fort Lewis College, 4-5:30 p.m., Thursday, Oct. 28, Brendt Hall, Room 400;

- Durango, Fort Lewis College, 6-7:30 p.m., Thursday, Oct. 28, Brendt Hall, Room 400;

- Grand Junction, Mesa State College, 6:30-8 p.m., Wednesday, Oct. 20, Mesa State College Center, Krey-Ziegel Room;

- Gunnison, Western State College, 5:30-7 p.m., Tuesday, Oct. 19, Hurst Hall; Room 232.


Sportsman's club to hold clay target shoot

The Upper San Juan Sportsman's Club will host another in a series of sporting clay target shoots at noon Sunday.

The location is 1.2 miles south of the fairgrounds on U.S. 84. There will be a sign on the green gate at the site.

All clay target shooters are invited regardless of skill level.

For further information call J.P. at 731- 2295 or Nolan at 264-2660.

Forest thinning, burns could affect the hunt

Several projects are underway on San Juan Public Lands that may affect hunters.

These projects are on both San Juan National Forest and Bureau of Land Management-San Juan Field Office lands and are expected to last throughout the rifle seasons, unless otherwise noted.

The projects may include thinning trees and shrubs by hand with chainsaws or with a hydromower or hydroaxe - large tractor-like machines with attachments that turn shrubs and trees into mulch - and then leave a layer of mulched vegetation on the ground to retain moisture and help prevent erosion.

The obvious reason for notifying hunters of these project areas is the noise generated by these activities; the second reason is safety.

Debris generated by the hydromowers may travel up to 300 feet. Hunters who hear or see these machines should keep a safe distance away.

In addition to helping slow a wildfire's progress and lessen its intensity, these thinning projects will also improve wildlife forage and habitat. New shrubs and grasses that come up following treatments are much more palatable to animals.

If conditions are right, some prescribed burns may also occur this fall to reduce undergrowth and ground fuels and restore fire to the ecosystem.

Since prescribed fires are dependent on a number of conditions being met, it is hard to predict when these burns may occur. Announcements will be made in local media prior to ignition.

Unless otherwise noted all projects are expected to run throughout the entire hunting season. From east to west, the projects are:

Pagosa Springs area

Burn's Canyon (FS) - 14 miles southwest of Pagosa Springs. Access: County Road 500, FS Road 649. T34N, R2W, Sections 29, 30, 31. Hand and mechanical thinning, mowing and shredding of small-diameter pine, juniper, and understory shrubs. Log trucks may be encountered on the Burn's Canyon Road. 413 acres.

San Juan River/Laughlin (FS) - 10 miles northeast of Pagosa Springs. Access: Forest Service Road 037, FSR 738. T36N, R 1W, Section 21. Mechanical mowing and shredding of small-diameter trees and understory shrubs. 114 acres.

Devil Creek (FS) - 18 miles northwest. FSR 631 - FSR 629 - FSR 630. T35N, R3W, Sections 3, 9, and 10. Mechanical mowing and shredding of small-diameter trees and understory shrubs. 286 acres.

Turkey Springs (FS) - 12 miles northwest of PS. FSR 631 - FSR 631 and FSR 923. T35N, R2W, Sections 12 and 26. T35N, R3W, Section 11. Hand-thinning and mechanical mowing/shredding of small-diameter pine trees and understory shrubs. 311 acres.

Vigil/Abeyta (BLM) - Southwest of Chromo, Colo., and in Northern New Mexico. T32N, R1W, Sections 16 through 22. Mechanical mowing and shredding of small-diameter pine trees and understory shrubs. 700 acres.

Benson Creek - Prescribed burn on 1,250 acres southeast of Pagosa and east of Highway 84 between Blanco Basin and Buckles Lake Road.

Mule Mountain - Prescribed burn on 550 acres 23 miles west Pagosa and north of Highway 160.

Fawn Gulch - prescribed burn on 691 acres 5 miles northeast of Pagosa Springs on the east side of Highway 160.

Durango area

East Vallecito: Mechanical thinning and mowing along the east side of Vallecito Reservoir. T36N, R6W, Sec. 9, 16, 17, 19, 20.

Little Bear - Mechanical thinning southeast of Forest Lakes subdivision. T35N, R6W, Sec.6 and 7.

Deep Creek - Mechanical hydromowing in the Deep Creek drainage north of Perins Peak Wildlife Area and east of Lightner Creek. T36N,R10W, Sec. 28, 29, 32, 33.

Florida (BLM) - Hand thinning. T35N, R8W, Sec. 19 and 30.

Bull Canyon - Prescribed burn in the HD Mountains south of Fosset Gulch. T34N, R5W, Sec. 15 and 16. Expect project activity for 3 to 5 days when conditions are right between Oct. 8 and Nov. 15.

Lange Canyon - Prescribed burn in the HD Mountains in Lange Canyon east of Yellow Jacket pass. T35N, R6W, Sec. 25, 26, 35, 36. Expect project activity for five to eight days when conditions are right between Oct. 15 and Nov. 15.

Dolores area

Indian Camp (BLM) - Mechanical mowing in area adjacent to the Indian Camp Subdivision west of Crow Canyon. T36N, R15W, Sect. 29, 30, and 32.

Narraguinnep -- Prescribed burn on 150 acres about 9 miles southeast of Dove Creek and a mile east of Bradfield Bridge.

Boggy Draw - Prescribed burn on 300-400 acres about 8 miles north of Dolores.

Beaver Railroad - Aerial ignition of area about six miles north of Dolores and west of the Dolores-Norwood Road between 529 and House Creek Roads.

Another project that may affect hunters is the spreading of gravel on the Missionary Ridge Road from the Forest boundary to milepost 10, just above North Coon Creek. The road is open for use, but delays of up to 15 minutes may be expected. The trucks will need to use the whole road on switchbacks and in narrow spots so road users are asked to give the trucks the right of way. Work will not occur on the weekends. The work should be completed by the end of October.


Pagosa chapter Audubon's newest

Adding to the many wonderful activities in Pagosa Springs, birdwatching has established a new niche in the area.

A statewide meeting was held in Buena Vista last weekend for all Colorado Audubon chapters.

Pagosa Springs was introduced as Colorado's newest chapter in the society at the meeting.

The local office will be temporarily located at 216 Pagosa St.

For more information, call Jeffrey at 731-5148.



Kerry impresses

Dear Editor:

I was very impressed by John Kerry at the first presidential debate Sept. 30.

Kerry seemed to have a clear plan for the Iraq war, for integrating our allies, for generating a more democratic process there and for bringing our troops back home more safely.

George Bush continued to display his lack of intelligence, his evasion of the truth and his quick temper.


Barbara Blackburn

 Opinion changed

Dear Editor:

The following "Opinion of the Publishers" says it clearly:

"Few Americans would have voted for George W. Bush four years ago if he had promised that, as president, he would:

- empty the Social Security trust fund by $507 billion to help offset fiscal irresponsibility and at the same time slash Social Security benefits;

- cut Medicare by 17 percent and reduce veterans' benefits and military pay;

- eliminate overtime pay for millions of Americans and raise oil prices by 50 percent;

- give tax cuts to business then send jobs overseas, and, in fact, by policy encourage their departure;

- give away billions of tax dollars in government contracts without competitive bids;

- involve this country in a deadly and highly questionable war; and

- take a budget surplus and turn it into the worst deficit in the history of the United States, creating a debt in just four years that will take generations to pay.

"These were the elements of a hidden agenda that surfaced only after he took office. The publishers endorsed Bush four years ago, based on the things he promised, not on this smoke-screened agenda.

"Today we are endorsing his opponent, John Kerry, based not only on the things that Bush has delivered, but also on the vision of a return to normality."

The newspaper?

The Lone Star Iconoclast, Crawford, Texas.

Kerry Dermody

 Silence cowardly

Dear Editor:

I normally believe a person's political views are their own, not to be intruded upon. However, for me to remain silent at such a crucial time in our country's history would amount to cowardice.

After having watched the current administration over the last four years, I fear for our country, for the very freedom we cherish and for the future of the world.

America has been ill-used by this administration and the President's self-serving goals. Our stature in the eyes of the world is at an all time low, our geopolitical policies reprehensible, our economy in ruins, and our integrity and honesty as a world power the object of scorn and contempt.

It's not merely Iraq, the economy, pandering to big business, the abolishment of laws and policies enacted to safeguard our health and environment, human rights or our role in world affairs, but a question of the honesty, forthrightness, openness and integrity with which the United States Government conducts itself both at home and abroad.

America can no longer act unilaterally with impunity. The rights we citizens have given up in the name of homeland security are the very rights the founding fathers deemed most sacred and the very rights for which so many Americans have fought and died.

Our government must honor its commitments, hold itself accountable for its actions and recognize and honorably fulfill its role in the global community. We must lead by example, not merely through force. Our obligation is to the future.

The Lone Star Iconoclast, Crawford, Texas' local newspaper, the President's hometown paper, and a newspaper that endorsed the current president four years ago, has endorsed John Kerry and John Edwards "wholeheartedly" (you can read the endorsement at www.iconoclast-texas.com). For a newspaper to turn its back on a homegrown hero speaks volumes about that person.

I am convinced John Kerry and John Edwards will pursue a positive, productive, honest and safe direction for the United States and for all countries embracing freedom.

On election day it will be just you and God in the voting booth. It is no else's business how you vote, but remember how much there is at stake.

Please consider our country's dilemma when you go to the polls and vote for the new leadership we need.

Thanks for listening to me.

John Egan

 Rules broken

Dear Editor:

President Bush was in a position of defending our country at the same time debating someone who has consistently and systematically betrayed our country in deference to all other countries of the world.

Kerry has missed 76 percent of the Intelligence Committee meetings. This is not very intelligent, and it means he knows nothing about our country's intelligence. He'll hand our country over to the UN and then party. This is why President Bush says he's involved in hard work. He's trying to clean up the mess caused by negligent senators such as Kerry.

Kerry said with obvious gestures that he'd bring allies over by paying them off. This is corruption in full bloom right on prime time TV and when 95 percent of the Muslim world would rather have Kerry than Bush, this should tell the American people all they need to know.

Sen. Unwilted Botox said he couldn't handle two battles at once. Any CEO can handle a multitude of items at the same time. He's not qualified for the job since being president requires somebody who can consider more than one thing at a time.

Jim Lehrer asked questions meant to put Bush in a corner. There should have been a second moderator to ask questions that would make Kerry squirm instead of smile. Since the questions were slanted, the moderation should have been split.

Toward the end Kerry broke the rules of the so-called debate by mentioning the so-called sciences of global warming and stem cell research; therefore, President Bush won by default alone. These were supposed to be for the next two debates. I'll help us out right now by saying that global warming, which doesn't even matter, is a Marxist device to economically control the masses. Stem cell research just fattens the industry of institutional premeditated mass murder which is abortion. They should work on something positive, such as getting synthetic blood to be more effective. The government is under no obligation to research pipe dreams, anyway.

Also for the next debate, since Kerry is filthy rich and has never worked a day in his life, he has no business talking about jobs and the economy. He really means the government's economy, not the peoples' economy. Let's make this distinction. His kind has taxed, sued, and regulated businesses out of this country and now he's going to fix the damage caused?

Some people keep grousing about how Bush has spent more money than anybody else in history, but it takes a lot of money to fix what the extremist Democrats have caused while they've lied and partied. We finally have a leader who works and the Dems just can't stand this.

Regardless of whether or not this passes the "global test" I'll state that the economy and terrorism are directly linked whether somebody likes it or not; therefore, the debate wasn't set up correctly on this point either and neither will be the next debate.

John Feazel

 'Big box' beltway

Dear Editor:

I read with great interest the recent front page article regarding large box stores coming to Pagosa Springs. While I do not live in your great town, I felt compelled to write. You see I live in the beltway of Wal-Mart. I live in Arkansas.

The question is "Do you want Pagosa Springs to dramatically change its current environment?"

Wal-Mart will bring low prices. But, in exchange, it will result in the closure of grocery stores, optical shops, beauty salons, hardware stores, produce markets and even some automotive shops. I can give you a list of 75 towns in Arkansas which were quaint little towns whose very existence was changed by a Wal-Mart. The decision is yours to make in Pagosa Springs. Free enterprise is the backbone of our economy.

However, do not think you can decipher a way for your current businesses to coexist with a Wal-Mart or any other large box store. It can only be done if your current shopkeepers are willing to take a substantial, and I mean substantial, loss of business which ultimately will result in their stores closing.

I love your town. It is a dream for me to live there when I retire. I know it has its troubles. But it is Mayberry to those of us who have had the luck to visit. Regardless, I will be back. I just hope the folks who built your town will still be there.

David Goldman

Hot Springs, Ark.

 Domestic woe

Dear Editor:

The recent debate gave us some insights into the foreign policy attitudes of President Bush.

Iraq is headed in the direction of Vietnam with brave men and women sacrificing for an ill-conceived and poorly planned war. Hopefully a Kerry administration can bring Iraq back for the brink of disaster.

My concern is President Bush's domestic policies.

The Bush administration's desire to privatize Social Security makes no sense. My mother lost $50,000 of her $150,000 life savings due to bad advice from her "investment advisor." She receives $550 per month in Social Security. If that had been privatized she would be receiving $350 per month.

The Bush administration needs to get serious about Social Security, national health care, outsourcing of jobs and the discredited "stay the wrong course" solution for Iraq.

The Bush-driven national debt is saddling our children and grandchildren with an unconscionable burden. How can business thrive and people borrow to own a home if they have to compete with the U.S. Government?

The world situation is not a movie and President Bush is not John Wayne. We need a thoughtful person who can lead the United States and mend fences with our allies so we can have a stable, viable and democratic Iraq. We need a common sense approach to domestic issues as well.

My vote is for Kerry-Edwards, John Salazar for U.S. Representative and Ken Salazar for U.S. Senate.

Raymond P. Finney

 'Big box' benefits

Dear Editor:

I just read the article on the possibilities of bringing in a "big box" retail store to Pagosa Springs. My husband and I have visited your town yearly for the past seven years and own residential property there.

Every time we visit we stop in Cortez or Durango to shop prior to our arrival in Pagosa Springs. Why, you ask? Bigger variety and better prices.

We are 27-year residents of Lake Havasu City, Ariz., and have seen the benefits of "big box" retail stores. For years we traveled anywhere from 60 miles (Kingman, Ariz.) to 150 miles (Las Vegas, Nev.) to shop for our children when they were in need of school clothes and other items we couldn't financially afford in specialty shops in town. Finally someone realized that a large percentage of tax dollars was being spent out-of-town and out-of-state.

First came Kmart then came Wal-Mart and soon those out-of-town trips came to halt. Not only were tax dollars staying in town, but the retailers gave back to the community in return.

I have been employed with the parks and recreation department for almost 19 years and I cannot begin to tell you the dollar value of the donations we as a department have received from these "big box" retail stores.

The children of our community have enjoyed everything from bicycle giveaways to candy and prize donations for our yearly Fall Fun Fair. In addition these retail stores sponsor a variety of major events on a yearly ranging from Teen Break to our Youth Fishing Derby. And, it's not only the youth that benefit - these retailers also sponsor events held for our senior population and contribute to citywide organizations that benefit cancer victims, youth at risk, the homeless, the humane society and many more.

Additional litter - not apparent here, and employees of these large retail stores play an active role in our community clean-up programs. Yes, smaller specialty stores have lost some business, but for the most part businesses have continued to thrive by continuing to serve the needs of the community and by providing the customer service consumers expect.

This is just a small example of what having a "big box" retail store can do for your community. So before you make a decision one way or the other I would hope that you weigh the good against the bad. I'm sure you'll find that the positives will outweigh the negatives in the long run.

Judy Henricksen

Lake Havasu City

 Campaign vandals

Dear Editor:

I have always considered myself a rather open minded person and I am willing to listen to other people's opinions. Naturally I assumed that others would have the respect to listen to my opinions.

Well you know what they say about assuming. Just this Friday some signs we had in our yard were stolen and later found torn up in the road. Once again I must assume that this was done because these signs supported the Democratic Kerry-Edwards team.

This is an outrageous thing for someone to do. Not only did they trespass on our property they destroyed our personal belongings and placed a Bush-Cheney sign in its place, something that we certainly did not want.

At first I decided not to get all riled up about this until it was brought to my attention that some friends of ours had the same thing happen only to a larger extent. Their house was toilet papered and egged as well.

What kind of America do I find myself living in?

I had thought everyone, no matter their station, was entitled to having their opinions and to share them. I guess I was wrong. Is this what it's all come down to? Has the freedom of expression been ripped down to stupid Halloween like pranks? In short I would just like to say to whomever it was that felt compelled to do this, if you don't like someone's opinion, fine, talk to people or write to them about it.

Don't degrade yourself by sneaking around in the night and vandalizing their personal property. As hard as it may be to drive by that sign or look at that bumper sticker hold yourself back. Just be civil.


Anna Hershey

 Postcard project

Dear Editor:

Would you please publish this letter in your newspaper to help us with our social studies project to learn about the United States?

Our fourth-grade class is currently studying the regions of the United States. We are learning about each state and their landforms, environment and special places of interest. We are asking for your help. We would like people to send us postcards that show us what your state is like. This would help us get a first hand look at your state.

If you would like to write a note on back it would be appreciated. We want to take this opportunity in advance to thank you for helping us make learning a fun and rewarding experience. We appreciate your help.

Taylor Romenesko

c/o Peshtigo Elementary

341 N. Emery Ave.

Peshtigo, WI 54157

 No testosterone

Dear Editor:

Does anyone honestly have to guess at what would happen should a liberal Democrat win the White House?

There is a record. We know what the Clinton Administration did regarding terrorism: Diddlysquat. How many terrorist attacks were there? The first World Trade Center bombing, Khobar Towers, the USS Cole. In fact, shortly after the first Trade Center attack, Clinton warned Americans not to "overreact." We cut and ran from Mogadishu. We refused to take Osama bin Laden when he was offered to us three times by the Sudanese.

Very little has changed in the liberal mindset. Despite the evidence of virulent global enemies - in Russia, Spain, Indonesia, the Middle East and elsewhere, the Democrat reaction is to pretend terrorism is not happening. Unless they can blame President Bush, they don't want to talk about it. They would much rather change the subject to health care, the economy, Social Security - anything but the war on terror. They want you to think terrorism isn't serious, that the Bush administration is basically making the whole thing up.

There can be little doubt. The modern Democratic Party has a deep distaste for any projection of American strength. The left will not act, because they believe preemption is provocative. They can't fathom the need for any anticipatory defense of the country. They believe John Kerry's phony "global test" should come first. Guess it's time to resume pumping more holes into Kerry's "Swiftboat" of false colors.

The Democratic Party today is controlled by a bunch of 1960s anti-war activists. Their ideology is anti-defense. They oppose military preemption; they oppose the Patriot Act; they oppose military tribunals; they oppose virtually every tool that strengthens our security at home and abroad. This is the stark difference between Bush and Kerry, between the Republican Party and the Democratic Party today, and it's why it is inarguable that George Bush will keep this country safer than would John Kerry. It's not because Kerry is un-American, it's because he's a liberal. He rejects American superiority. He thinks we need to subordinate our power to the rest of the world. But a strong America benefits the whole world. It's called spreading liberty. It's called enhancing freedom.

Presently, there is a straightforward way to define the Bush Doctrine: countless might call it the testosterone presidency. Republicans have worked very hard making Bush look like Gary Cooper in "High Noon." Why? Men have testosterone. Does that necessarily make good policy? No, of course not.

Realistically, it makes absolutely great policy. In less than three years, the president has smashed the Taliban, scattered and battered al Queda, jailed Saddam, and driven Moammar Ghadafi to give up his nuclear weapons program. Hunted terrorists are on the run - everywhere.

Testosterone! Democratic girlie-men might wanna git some.

Jim Sawicki


Community News

Polish the stein, find the lederhosen; it's Oktoberfest time

By April Owens

Special to The PREVIEW

Oktoberfest is nine days away, Oct. 16, and tickets are selling like hot cakes.

If you haven't found your Lederhosen and polka duds yet, it's time to start looking for them.

This year's event will be bigger and better than ever, with lower prices and more food than last year. You can plan on a full evening of entertainment for the whole family, and catch up with those friends you haven't seen throughout the busy summer.

There will be polkas aplenty with your favorite oompah band playing such favorites as Arthur Godfrey's "Too Fat Polka" and the traditional "Ach, du lieber Augustin."

Of course, many people show up to learn the "Chicken Dance," and if you don't know how to do it here's your opportunity.

This year will feature the first ever Oktoberfest parade, small but maybe the first of another great Pagosa Springs tradition. Keep your eyes open for the float on U.S. 160 and cheer on the revelers as they pass by.

The main event starts next at the community center - music, food, dancing, camaraderie and a full evening of fun for the whole family.

Oktoberfest is the biggest fund-raiser of the year for Archuleta Seniors, Inc., a nonprofit organization at the Senior Foxes Den Senior Center. All proceeds benefit the senior citizens of Archuleta County, and Oktoberfest is a great way to show your support.

This year adult and senior tickets include a full plate of German food and a 2004 commemorative Pilsner beer glass. The menu includes bratwurst, including vegetarian brats, German potato salad, and sauerkraut. Children's tickets include a hot dog, chips and dessert.

The community center will again be the forum for this year's celebration, 4:30-9:30 p.m. Tickets can be purchased at the Senior Center or Chamber of Commerce. Adult tickets are $13 in advance or $15 at the door; senior tickets are $10, and tickets for children aged 5-12 are $8.

The popular Bier Garten (beer garden) will be back this year, and you can still purchase last year's commemorative beer stein for only $2.50. Iced tea and coffee are free, soda pop and bottled water are available for only $1 each.

Bring your friends and relatives for this fun-filled evening of family entertainment, and don't forget the Lederhosen.


United Way opens annual drive with $62,000 goal

By Kathi DeClark

Special to The PREVIEW

Like the proverbial "Energizer bunny(ies)," Dick Babillis and Bonnie Masters "just keep going" and for the last 10 years in Pagosa you could have met them almost anywhere in their various volunteer activities.

Bonnie recently remarked, "Rather than go through life wearing two catcher's mitts, have one hand free to give something back."

Regarding their participation, they remarked, "We are honored to represent this United Way campaign and look forward to working with the community to meet this year's goal. We can all help in building a caring community by supporting the 15 local agencies that benefit from United Way funding."

United Way is focused on organizing the ability of people to care for one another. Some of our partner agencies provide support in time of need, some help maintain a stable life, and others help prepare for a brighter future. The dollars raised here stay in Archuleta County to support the local community.

This year's theme is "Make Your Caring Count," and the campaign goal for Archuleta County is $62,000.

If you have already received a letter from Dick and Bonnie, please take a moment to reflect on how the represented agencies have or could support you, your families, your employees and your friends and contribute generously.

There are so many newcomers in our growing community, many of you did not receive a personal letter inviting you to support this year's campaign. Newcomer, or old-timer, you are invited!

Please "Make Your Caring Count," in any amount you choose, with your tax deductible donation to United Way of Southwest Colorado, PO Box 4274, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.

If you are a business owner and want to find out how easy and effective a payroll deduction program is, just call Kathi DeClark - Archuleta County Coordinator at (970) 946-2057.

Dick noted, after listening to presentations where each of the agencies described the programs for which they are requesting funding, "It's truly heartwarming to learn about so many people and agencies in the area who are quietly working in the background to make this a better place to live. I see no easier way to keep all this good work going than to generously support the United Way."


After school fun: Jelly Beans and Squiggly Things

The Jelly Beans and Squiggly Things after-school club sponsored by Restoration Fellowship opened its third year Oct. 6 in Pagosa Springs Elementary School.

Hours are 3:10-4:30 p.m. in Room 18 at the school.

Many of the participants have been with the program since its inception. Coordinators say time is well spent in music and games with the goal being in teaching lessons of lasting value and encouraging children to just "be who they are."

Call Tammy Searle at 731-3143 or Virginia Humphreys at 731-2937 for answers to any questions or for more information.

The staff says there are 11 ways the club helps meet the needs of today's child:

1. provides a safe place for a child one afternoon a week;

2. children feel cared about when an adult listens and accepts their feelings regardless of what they say;

3. helps alleviate some of the isolation and loneliness of being home alone after school;

4. a place a child can discuss feelings, values, philosophy or spiritual values;

5. brings a loving, caring, available, never-forsaking adult into the realm of everyday reality;

6. provides message of unconditional love;

7. provides an opportunity for forgiveness which is a difficult concept for children;

9. allows the child to begin to see value in himself or herself and learn they are loved;

10. provide direction and clarification of values for the child;

11. provides Bible lessons with real people who have both failed and succeeded.


Bayfield Heritage Day and sheep

trailing event Saturday

The fifth Bayfield Heritage Day and Sheep Trailing will take place Saturday.

It celebrates agricultural heritage of the Pine River Valley, the harvest, changing seasons and return of local sheep herds from mountain grazing.

The day will start with a 5K run at 8:30 a.m., sponsored by Pine River Early Learning Center. Sign up at 8 a.m. in Joe Stephenson Park in old downtown Bayfield for $15.

A parade will follow at 10 a.m. and be followed itself by the trailing of 2,000 sheep through town on U.S. 160-B and Mill Street, then south on the Buck Highway (County Road 521). Spectators will be asked to stay on Mill street, away from the intersection, so the sheep will make that turn without getting scared and jamming up.

Please, do not bring dogs to the event.

Activities in Joe Stephenson park will include live music, arts and crafts, vendors and demonstrators featuring Four Corners area artisans, an old-time sheep camp, sheep shearing and sheep dog herding demonstrations, wagon rides, and lots of good food.

If you would like to enter the parade, call Bayfield Recreation Department at (970) 884-9034.


Fiesta Club announces Baile de Otono

The Pagosa Springs Spanish Fiesta Club has announced plans for a Baile de Otono (Fall Dance) Friday, Oct. 8.

Entertainment will be by the popular band Latin Express and the dance will be hosted by Montezuma Vineyards. The band begins playing at 8 p.m. Cost is $10 per person.

All proceeds will benefit the club's community betterment efforts.

Viva la Fiesta!


Local groups line up to help with Halloween party

By Pauline Benetti

Special to The PREVIEW

Well, that didn't take long.

One week and the community center has found more witches than it knows what to do with. With a couple more we will have a coven.

Not surprising, though. Witching is such a glamorous occupation and there is such opportunity for creativity in the dress and makeup.

Plans for the Halloween party continue to develop. Don't forget the date: Friday, Oct. 29, 5-7 p.m.

The senior center has decided what it will do. Still a secret but they are out searching for various body parts. Should be good. We have heard from Heather Hunt of the School Within a School - some type of game will come out of their plans. Courtesy of the Sisson Library, we will have several personalities - a clown, a princess and a witch - all telling stories to the little ones.

The Arts Council will be at its best with face creating appropriate to the evening.

BootJack Ranch is sponsoring the inflatable bounce house, a favorite of many young goblins and Kiwanis Club has confirmed it will provide free hot dogs and punch good for 500.

Opportunity remains for other businesses, organizations and individuals to get into the act by sponsoring an activity, booth, food or whatever. Just give a call to Mercy or Pauline at the community center, 264-4152. And for those who just want the opportunity to dress in costume, remember the contest categories are Most Elaborate, Most Gruesome and Most Original.

On a different subject, the first meeting of the Friends of the Community Center will be held at noon Wednesday, Oct. 13, in the center. Lunch will be served as Jan Brookshier introduces the mission and objectives of the organization. Election of officers and establishment of committees will follow.

All current members are invited and encouraged to bring a friend who might become a Friend. Everyone interested in getting involved in our community is welcome to attend.

And then there is a third subject - the community center multipurpose room is usually available during the mornings and the center intends to offer it free of charge to groups seeking a place to meet provided the use is open to the general public.

Here is a place where several social events and gatherings could take place at the same time since the room is so large. A sampling of interests includes cards, board games, foreign language conversation, exercise, yoga, meditation, cooking, etc.


The senior center will offer free computer classes in the community center computer room Tuesdays, 10:30 a.m.-noon.

The community center is open 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday through Friday.

All witches, potential Friends and Halloween revelers call Mercy or Pauline at 264-4152.


IHM parish welcomes new pastor

By Mary Jo Revitte

Special to The SUN

Parishioners at Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish and Missions this week welcomed the Rev. Carlos A. Alvarez as pastor.

Father Alvarez comes to his new assignment from the San Juan Catholic Community in the San Luis Valley where he was pastor of Holy Name of Mary Parish in Del Norte.

A graduate of East High School in Pueblo, Father Alvarez studied for the priesthood at the Conception Seminary in Conception, Mo. and St. Paul Seminary in Minnesota.

Before entering the seminary, Father Alvarez graduated from the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Ind. While at Notre Dame, he studied abroad at the University of Mexico in Mexico City, the American University in Cairo, Egypt, and in Jerusalem.

He earned a master's degree in business administration and worked in the marketing field for five years before entering the seminary. He was ordained June 1, 2001.

Provocative indie films coming here

Archuleta Inquiring Minds (AIM), a group of local citizens, is bringing a collection of films to Pagosa this month, via DVD format. Showings will be free and open to the public.

The series will begin Thursday, Oct. 14, with "OUTFOXED: Rupert Murdock's War on Journalism."

The series continues Thursday, Oct. 21 with Academy Award-winner Michael Moore's "Fahrenheit 9/11," a searing examination of the role played by greed and oil in the wake of the tragic events of 9/11.

On Thursday, Oct. 28, the series will conclude with a film specifically prepared for the private viewing of major donors at the August Republican National Convention.

"George W. Bush: Faith in the White House," is an examination of the president's personal practice of Christianity.

Each film will begin at 7 p.m. Free showings of these movies will take place at Unit B15 of the Greenbriar Plaza on the back side of the retail center. Turn east on Greenbriar Drive, past the fire station on North Pagosa Boulevard. The public is welcome to attend.


Evening computer classes slated at education center

Are you looking for something new to learn? Do you need a refresher course in computer software applications?

The Archuleta County Education Center is offering a selection of evening computer classes for you.

All levels of classes are offered, from beginning to advanced, as well as popular software applications throughout the year. There are also one-day classes offered on selected applications such as "Get to Know Your Computer" taught by Cynde Jackson. Microsoft applications like Word and Excel are taught by Dick Babillis.

If you would like to register for classes or need more information, call the center at 264-2835.

Red Cross offers instructor training for first aid, CPR

If you are interested in providing life-saving skills to people in your community, then call the Southwest Colorado Chapter of the Red Cross to sign up for the Fundamentals of Instructor Training course.

This course, held Nov. 13-14, will provide you with the skills necessary to teach first aid, CPR and much more.

Please call 259-5383 for information and to register.


Horsemen will hear CORSAR details

Four Corners Backcountry Horsemen will meet 7 p.m. tonight in the Presbyterian Church on Mill Street in downtown Bayfield.

The program will be by Sue Schneider of the Colorado Department of Local Affairs and administrator of the CORSAR Card. This adds 25 cents to hunting license costs and can be bought separately: $5 for five years.

She and Butch Knowlton will explain what and how purchasing the cards helps cover in terms of backcountry emergencies in the state.

Find all this out and more at tonight's meeting. Informal fun rides will be scheduled tonight, too.

The next meeting will be Nov. 4 at La Plata County Fairgrounds in Durango.


Local Chatter

Genealogy collection at library unsurpassed in Four Corners

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist

One of the best unknown assets in Archuleta County is the exceptional collection of genealogical books and materials at the Sisson Library.

There are about 350 books covering a wide range of genealogical subjects. It is said to be the best collection in the Four Corners.

Included are 18 volumes of new England Historical and Genealogy Register; church records, including two volumes of Plymouth church records and Guide to Episcopal Records in Virginia; 20 volumes of Native American records; land records; information about the Orphan Train; ship lists; South Carolina Immigrants 1768-1770; Winthrop Fleet 1630; family genealogies and books on all wars; general information about genealogy; a slew of books on individual states and many books on Colorado.

These are just some of the books to show the wide variety in the collection. At present, they are stored until the library addition is finished. Volunteers packed 36 boxes of books to store.

The books have been donated to the library by members of the Archuleta County Genealogical Society and the society itself.

The society meets the second Sunday of the month in the Sisson Library. The meeting this month, Oct. 10, will be held at 1 p.m., a change of time from the regular 2:30. Lenore Bright will talk about the new addition and the placing of the collection in it.

Although going online for information is available, original sources of information are usually not cited so as to establish validity of the information. Therefore, the value of the books and materials found in libraries is vital.

And, too, there is something about holding a book in your hands. It's like visiting with a friend.

Fun on the run

How they drive!

One hand on the wheel, one hand on newspaper, foot solidly on accelerator: BOSTON.

One hand on the wheel, one hand on nonfat double decaf capuccino, cradling cell phone, brick on accelerator, gun in lap: LOS ANGELES.

Both hands on wheel, eyes shut, both feet on brake, quivering in terror: From MONTANA but driving in CALIFORNIA.

One hand on 12 oz. double shot latte, one knee on wheel, cradling cell phone, foot on brake, mind on radio game, banging head on steering wheel; while stuck in traffic: SEATTLE.

One hand on wheel, one hand on hunting rifle, alternating between both feet being on the accelerator and both feet on brake, throwing McDonald's bag out the window: TEXAS.

Four-wheel drive pickup truck, shotgun mounted in rear window, beer cans on floor, Prairie dog tails attached to antenna: WYOMING.

Two hands gripping wheel, blue hair barely visible above windshield, driving 35 on the Interstate, in the left lane with the left blinker on: FLORIDA.

Senior News

Senior board's annual meeting is Friday

By Laura Bedard

SUN Columnist

The weekend of Oktoberfest is almost here!

We have been getting ready for an even bigger and better Oktoberfest, which starts at 4:30 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 16. Get out your lederhosen, and get set for a great evening of fun. Tickets are $13 in advance, $15 at the door for adults, $10 for senior members, and $8 for kids.

Tickets are available at the Senior Center or Chamber of Commerce. The Spa at Pagosa Springs (264-5910) is offering a 10-percent discount for Oktoberfest attendees for those who prefer to stay in town the evening of the event. So, dance yourselves silly and stay in town.

Our Dance Club meeting brought no interested dancers Oct. 28. We will try it one more month, so please jot down the next Dance Club date, Nov. 30 at 3 p.m. and show up with your dancing shoes and BYOM (bring your own music).

Friday the senior board will conduct its annual meeting at 12:45 p.m. with elections from 11 a.m.-2 p.m. The senior board will then meet at 1 p.m. and our pinochle players meet at 1 as well. In preparation for either event, you may want to come in at 11 a.m. to get your blood pressure checked by Patty or meet with Dru and get your nails painted.

Don't forget our new Basic Computer class at 10:30 a.m. Tuesdays with Cindy Gowing teaching. Come in and learn cool new computer stuff. Meet in the computer room of the community center. There is a whopping $2 charge for lifetime access to the computers.

Barb Conkey will be back Oct. 11 to help you examine your dreams. She has given a number of presentations here and is always well attended. Find out what your dreams are telling you.

The Seeds of Learning kids will be here to sing Oct. 12, after we have our own Amateur Half Hour. If you have a talent to show off, even a joke to tell, come in before lunch and we'll set up a time for you to perform.

The White Cane Society will meet here 11 a.m. Oct. 13. This group supports people with vision challenges, so come in for information and help if you or someone you know has vision problems.

A lot of people have been calling about flu shots and we will have San Juan Basin Health personnel here 11a.m.-12:30 p.m. Oct. 13 to administer them. The cost is $20 or if you are a senior with Medicare Part B it is free, bring your Medicare card along. No sign up is necessary, just show up with short sleeves and a smile.

We are going to Durango Oct. 14 to shop till we drop! A $10 donation is asked of our seniors for transportation. Sign up in the lounge.

Help. Our summer volunteers have left for the season and we need more help in getting meals out to our homebound seniors. If you are willing to fill a vital need in our community, please call Musetta at 264-2167 and volunteer.

Our new sweatshirts are available and are they ever nice; they'll be warm and cuddly for the winter and will make great gifts too. The sweatshirts are $20, call and place your order today!

Do you need a TV? We have an older one available at the center, please call Musetta for details at 264-2167.

AARP ElderWatch and the attorney general warn seniors of federal government grant scheme:

In the past two weeks, AARP ElderWatch has received calls from seniors who have been offered grants through the "federal grant information center." In all cases the caller begins by explaining that as a taxpayer the senior has randomly been selected for a federal grant of several thousand dollars, but before any money can be exchanged the senior must pay an application fee, usually between $250 and $500.

The caller then insists that the senior provide a bank account and routing number in order for the grant to be direct deposited.

Seniors should be advised that there is no federal grant information center and that no consumer should ever pay a fee before being awarded a grant or prize.

Once a perpetrator has an account number they can empty a bank account with one withdrawal. One bank reported that a client lost over $8,000. Citizens approached by these con artists are encouraged to report the incident to AARP ElderWatch a program with the Colorado attorney general and the AARP Foundation.

The objective is to stop the financial exploitation of seniors. Seniors and their families can call the AARP ElderWatch consumer hotline and speak with a counselor to discuss consumer issues and request additional information. The hotline is staffed 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Monday-Friday at 1-800-222-4444; press option 2 for AARP ElderWatch.


Friday, Oct. 8 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; Nail Care by Dru, 11 a.m.; blood pressure check, 11 a.m.-2 p.m.; annual elections, 11 a.m.-2 p.m.; annual meeting, 12:45 p.m.; senior board meeting, 1 p.m.; pinochle, 1 p.m.

Mon. Oct. 11 - Medicare and drug card counseling, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; bridge for fun, 1 p.m.; Making Your Dreams Work for You with Barb Conkey, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, Oct. 12 - 10:00 Yoga in Motion, 10 a.m.; basic computer, 10:30 a.m.; Seeds of Learning kids sing, 11 a.m.; Amateur Half Hour, 11:30 a.m.

Wednesday, Oct. 13 - White Cane Society, 11 a.m.; flu shots given at center 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m.; canasta, 1 p.m.

Thursday, Oct. 14 - Durango trip

Friday, Oct 15 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; Nail Care by Dru, 11 a.m.; Pinochle, 1 p.m.

Saturday, Oct. 16 Oktoberfest, 4:30-9:30 p.m. at the community Center.


Friday, Oct. 8 - Orange chicken, white rice, broccoli, whole wheat roll and spiced apple sauce and chocolate chip cookie

Monday, Oct. 11- Beef stew with vegetables, corn bread, tossed salad, fresh fruit cup and tapioca

Tuesday, Oct. 12 - Chicken, green peas, stewed tomatoes, plums and brownie

Wednesday, Oct. 13 - Breaded pork chop, whipped sweet potato, broccoli, whole wheat roll and apple sauce

Friday, Oct. 15 - Pasta seafood salad, three-bean salad, spinach salad and strawberry ice cream

Chamber News

Theatre festival a knockout

for all our thespian guests

By Sally Hameister

SUN Columnist

Congratulations and our thanks to the entire Pagosa Springs Music Boosters organization for a most successful weekend of hosting the Southwest Colorado Community Theatre Festival.

This is the first time our group has hosted this event, and I'm sure all the attending communities were impressed and downright overwhelmed with the professional way in which everything was handled.

I attended all the performances except Sunday morning and assisted Michael DeWinter with his "Art of Creative Costuming" workshop and thoroughly enjoyed myself.

Edgar Lansbury, the keynote speaker Saturday, was interesting and informative and the Boosters' production of "The Hills Are Alive . . ." was a total knockout. The audience couldn't have been more pleased and appreciative of the talented performances they witnessed on the stage that night.

We are indeed lucky to have such a wonderful organization in Pagosa Springs and are most grateful to each and every member who worked so hard last weekend to make it such a great success.

Halloween party

It will be here before you know it, so do plan to join the big Halloween party at the community center 5-7 p.m. Friday, Oct. 29.

There will be many festivities including a costume contest as well as the food, games and activities with prizes galore. I consider this such a great alternative for families who are faced with taking their children door to door in sometimes cold, inclement weather to do the "trick or treat" thing. It can be a quite onerous task in a dark, rainy night, so the Halloween party presents a welcome and safe choice and one which the little ones have many activities to enjoy.

Pauline and Mercy at the community center are looking for organizations and businesses interested in sponsoring a food booth or any of the activities and/or games held that night.

Plan to bring the whole family to the Halloween party on the 29th, and please give some thought to sponsoring an activity that night.

Give Mercy or Pauline a call at 264-5232 to offer your services.

'The Nutcracker'

Remember that Saturday, Nov. 13, is the annual Immaculate Heart of Mary fashion show and luncheon beginning at noon in the Parish Hall.

This year's theme is "The Nutcracker," featuring music provided by John Graves with dancing honors performed by local ballerinas.

Our Pagosa merchants will supply the very latest fashions, and Dahrl Henley can always be counted upon to serve only the finest and tastiest food around. It's always a beautifully executed event and tons of fun.

Tickets are still only $18 and can be purchased at the Chamber of Commerce. I will tell you that a number of tickets have already been sold for this event, so don't tarry. I promise you this event will sell out very quickly as it has done every year, and you will be exceedingly sad to miss such a lovely affair.

Should you want to put together a table of 10, you must first purchase the tickets then call Mary Daltroff at 731-5121 to reserve the table in your name.

The door prizes donated by our local merchants at this luncheon are always outstanding and feel free to call Yvonne Ralston at 731-9324 or June Geisen at 731-5429 if you would like to donate an item or two.

Plan to attend this wonderful annual luncheon and bring all your friends.

Baile de Otono

You are cordially invited to attend the 2004 Baile de Otono (Fall Dance) this Friday evening, Oct. 8, at Montezuma's Vineyards and Restaurant.

This celebration begins at 8 p.m. and the entertainment will be provided by the popular band, Latin Express.

Cost for this fun-filled evening is $10 per person, and all proceeds will benefit the Spanish Fiesta Club's efforts in the community.

Please plan to join the party and support our Spanish Fiesta Club. Viva la Fiesta!


It's time for the annual oompah-pah wing-ding of the year, the Oktoberfest party sponsored by the Archuleta Seniors, Inc. 4:30-9:30 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 16, in Pagosa Springs Community Center.

I heard over the weekend that attendance at the Oktoberfest celebration held in Germany recently was down 40,000 people due to the cold, rainy weather conditions. Clearly, you don't have to give the weather a thought to attend the Pagosa version because you will be cozy and warm in the community center with plenty of sustenance and indoor plumbing.

The price of admission includes a commemorative glass beer stein and traditional German cuisine including grilled bratwursts, sauerkraut, hot German potato salad and, of course, German beer. As if that weren't enough, cookies, brownies and hot coffee will top off the evening for you.

If you have attended this event, you know we will be entertained by local musicians who specialize in authentic, lively German music and everyone is invited to join in the group dances, the chicken dance and just about anything else they happen to dream up.

It's a family affair offering everyone the opportunity to socialize, dance and eat in the great tradition of an authentic German Oktoberfest. Please pass along to any friends or family who might want to come to Pagosa for this event that The Spa at Pagosa Springs is offering a 10-percent discount to Oktoberfest attendees who would like to stay close to the event. Call 264-5910 to make your reservation for that night.

Oktoberfest tickets are now available at the Chamber of Commerce and the community center for $13 presale for adults ($15 at the door), $10 for seniors and $8 for children.

Visitor center stats

July was clearly the banner month so far this year at the Chamber with over 9,000 visitors coming through our doors, and August wasn't so shabby with almost 7,000.

Historically, there is a rather precipitous drop in September, and this year was no exception with a still-decent showing of 4,500.

The breakdown of the top five states is as predictable as the sun coming up in the morning with Texas at 6,000, Colorado with 4,100, New Mexico at 2,900 and Oklahoma and Arizona virtually neck-and-neck at 1,847 and 1,834 respectively. Obviously, other than in Utah, we are quite popular with contiguous states as well as our very own. And, 163 Canadians traveled quite a way to visit, and the collective German, England and "other" category combined for a respectable total of 765.

This many folks coming to Pagosa Springs already this year is yet another reminder that we have definitely been discovered. California was the only other state with over 1,000 and, of interest, the states of "around 500 and under 1,000" are Kansas, Montana, Florida and Illinois. For the edification of those who love the numbers game, North Dakota enjoys the dubious distinction of the lowest number to date, 11.

To date, we have sent a total of 3,137 summer/winter/relocation information packets to folks requesting them over the phone, in person or on line. Texas, of course, comes in with the highest number at 670, Colorado with 518, and California, Arizona and New Mexico coming in at the nicely graduated numbers of 192, 182 and 172 respectively.

Since over 1,000 Californians signed in at the Visitor Center, the great majority must visit us online and make their plans as opposed to requesting an informational packet, although we know from experience that some do both. Oklahoma and, here's a surprise, Missouri were the only other two states that requested over 100.

We have sent a total of 1,991 summer packets, 636 winter packets and 510 relocation packets to date. We have received 1,907 e-mail requests, 1,094 phone, friend or in-person requests and around 150 through Woodall's and AAA ads and referrals.

We have also had an amazing response of almost 50 calls on an ad we placed in a magazine called "True West." One never knows in the advertising/marketing game when something is going to strike an unexpected chord, and clearly this one did.


Speaking of respectable numbers, we have three new members to introduce to you this week and three renewals. Whoever said that the shoulder season wasn't any fun?

Our old friend, Denny Barber, has done it again with a restaurant, and, in tandem with the wildly popular Hogs Breath Restaurant, he now brings us Dionigi's Italian Café located just east of Hogs Breath and his other business, Silverado Clothing, at 117 Navajo Trail Drive. I haven't confirmed this with Denny, but I understand that Dionigi is Italian for Denny, but I'll have to check on that and get back to you. What I know for sure is that Dionigi's serves a wide selection of classic Italian recipes with a touch of their Louisiana heritage. They have a variety of pizza selections on the menu which you can eat right there or place an order to go. They also offer a children's menu as well as great prices. If you would like to order a pizza or have any questions about Dionigi's, please call 731-4258.

Another old friend, Sue Anderson, joins us this week with her new business, Baskets & More! with home offices. Baskets & More! offers American-made baskets, pottery and much more through home shows or by ordering directly from your home consultant, Sue Anderson. I like Sue's response to "recruited by" on her membership form which was "Me, Myself and I." You can give Sue a call at 264-0244 to learn more about Baskets & More!

Our third new business this week is Saul Furnishings brought to us by Steve Vaile and located at 301 North Pagosa Boulevard, Suite B-10. Saul Furnishings offers a wide range of services and products including interior design, decorating, furniture, flooring, window coverings, tile and accessories. They specialize in both sales and design and would be delighted to discuss your decorating and furniture needs. They invite you to call them at 731-1700.

Our renewals this week include Gerlinde Ehni, D.D.S., P.C., and the Pagosa Springs Family Medicine Center.

Our associate membership renewals this week are valued Chamber Diplomat Barbara Mason and John J. Taylor. Thank you, loyal members, for your new and continued membership.


Veteran's Corner

Military records essential

for VA claims and benefits

By Andy Fautheree

SUN Columnist

Military records are an essential part of applying for and obtaining VA benefits and claims.

The various categories of military service records are described in the chart below. For each category there is a code number.

1. Health and personnel records. In most cases involving individuals no longer on active duty, the personnel record, the health record, or both can be obtained from the same location, as shown on the chart.

However, some health records are available from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Records Management Center (Code 11). A request for a copy of the health record should be sent to Code 11 if the person was discharged, retired, or released from active duty (separated) on or after the following dates: Army - Oct. 16, 1992; Navy - Jan.31, 1994; Air Force and Marine Corps - May 1, 1994; Coast Guard -April 1, 1998.

Health records of persons on active duty are generally kept at the local servicing clinic, and usually are available from Code 11 a week or two after the last day of active duty.

2. Records at the National Personnel Records Center. Note that it takes at least three months, and often six or seven, for the file to reach the National Personnel Records Center (Code 14) in St. Louis after the military obligation has ended (such as by discharge). If only a short time has passed, please send the inquiry to the address shown for active or current reserve members. Also, if the person has only been released from active duty but is still in a reserve status, the personnel record will stay at the location specified for reservists. A person can retain a reserve obligation for several years, even without attending meetings or receiving annual training.

3. Definitions and abbreviations. Discharged -the individual has no current military status; Health - records of physical examinations, dental treatment, and outpatient medical treatment received while in a duty status (does not include records of treatment while hospitalized); TDRL - Temporary Disability Retired List.

Durango VA clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is at 400 S. Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, CO 81301. Phone number is 247-2214.

Further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Archuleta County Veteran's Service Office on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, fax 264-8376, e-mail afautheree@archuletacounty.org. The office is open from 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Library News

League's brochure spells out election issues

By Lenore Bright

SUN Columnist

Maureen Covell brought us the League of Women Voters pamphlet discussing the many proposals on the November ballot.

You may pick up a free copy thanks to the League.

This election has four proposed changes to the state constitution. We learned our lesson with TABOR. It is exceedingly difficult to change or undo constitutional amendments. Be very careful and be sure you understand the wording. These LVW pamphlets really help clarify what will happen if the amendments pass. Thanks to the League for these nonpartisan educational pieces.

Building plans

Revised building drawings are in the hands of the town building inspector. We should have word very soon as to when and if we can begin construction. Keep an eye on the weather.

New books

"Between a Rock and a Hard Place," by Aron Ralston, is the survival story of the young Colorado man who cut off his own arm to avoid certain death. Reviewers say this is a brilliantly written, funny, honest, inspiring and downright astonishing report from the line where death meets life. The book will take its place in the annals of classic adventure stories.

"Native Peoples of the Southwest," by Trudy Griffin-Pierce, is a comprehensive look at the Native American cultures in our area. It is one of the first books to provide viewpoints of the Native Americans themselves as well as ethno geographic research. Each group is discussed and profiled.

Subjects include linguistic affiliation, social organization, history, world view, material culture and ceremonial institutions. Contemporary issues include the repatriation of sacred objects, preservation of native plants and reservation gambling.

Griffin-Pierce teaches anthropology at the University of Arizona. As a young Anglo girl from a military family living in Florida, she had the desire to live among the Navajo. When her mother died during Trudy's high school years, she wrote to the Tribal Chairman Raymond Nakai and asked him the find her a traditional family she could join. Her Navajo experience led her to a career in writing and teaching.

Indians covered in this book include Pueblos, Hopi, Zuni, Pimans, Yaqui, River Yumans, the Upland Yumans, Apache, Navajo, O'odham and Southern Paiute. The author presents the great cultural vitality and living dynamic nature of these groups including their contemporary situations. This book conveys the sense of the region as a whole.

Holiday closing

The library will be closed Monday for Columbus Day.


We thank Cynthia Sharp and Ralph and Sam Goulds for donations to the building fund; Albert and Lis Schnell in memory of Joan Young. Thanks to Carol Frakes' son for a DVD about the life of Apostle Paul. Thanks for materials from Carole and Bob Howard and Sandy Kobrock.


Arts Line

Arts council president receives state 'Arts Are the Heart' award

By Leanne Goebel

PREVIEW Columnist

Barbara Neal served on the staff of the Colorado Council on the Arts for 26 years. To celebrate and commemorate her compassionate work, the Colorado Arts Consortium created "The Arts Are the Heart" award.

This award honors individuals working in the arts and in arts management who make a significant contribution to their local communities, and exemplify the leadership qualities that made Neal's influence special: The ability to bring people together, a straightforward and articulate manner, honesty, and caring. The enrichment of community was Neal's main concern; she received the first "Arts Are the Heart" award in 1994.

This year, the Colorado Arts Consortium honored Doris Green, president of Pagosa Springs Arts Council with "The Arts Are the Heart" award.

Green has made a significant contribution to the local community of Pagosa Springs. She has Southern charm and business savvy and the ability to bring people together. She is the first to role her sleeves up and dive into a project and the last to leave. She is relentless. She is passionate. She knows how to throw a party.

Healing arts highlights

Panelists Sheri R. Rochford, special assistant to the president of Fort Lewis College Foundation, and Brian Wagner, executive director of the Durango Arts Center discussed their experiences with capital campaigns. Rochford helped raise the money to build the Community Concert Hall at Fort Lewis College, the new art building, and the Center for Southwest Studies, when consultants told the college it couldn't be done. Wagner was involved in acquiring the building that now houses the Durango Arts Center.

Rochford highlighted the 10 things an organization should analyze when determining if it can have a successful capital campaign. In doing so, she utilized information she borrowed from a book by Kent E. Dove, "Conducting A Successful Capital Campaign."

Commitment of time and support from key participants. The committee involved in building the Community Concert Hall met at 6:30 a.m. every Tuesday. No one ever missed a meeting.

A clear organization self-image and strategic plan. Who are you and where are you going? Fund-raising objectives based on legitimate institutional plans, goals, budgets, and needs. The need for the new art building came about when snow collapsed the roof of the old building.

A written document that makes a compelling case for supporting the campaign. Can you put into writing the features and benefits of supporting the campaign?

An assessment of the institutional development program and market survey addressing internal and external preparedness. Has an outside professional evaluated the program and have you surveyed staff and community?

Enlistment and education of volunteer leaders. It is imperative that volunteer leaders be trained and that the organization has a well developed list of volunteers.

Ability and readiness of major donors to give substantial lead gifts before any public announcement of campaign. Here is where relationships become critically important. There are key donors in a community and they must be involved from the beginning.

A competent staff and perhaps external professional counsel. Know to whom you will go if you need assistance or advice.

Adequate funds to cover fund-raising expenses. You have to spend money to raise money.

Other factors to consider:

- Older organizations tend to be better established than younger ones. Partner with the more established organizations if possible. Organizations tend to do better raising money when their constituencies are older, wealthier, better educated and more skilled.

Who is your audience? Can they afford to help your organization?

- A fully developed giving program. Before your organization mounts a capital campaign it is important to already have in place an annual giving program or membership drive; a planned giving program, for those who want to leave money to your organization in a will or trust; a major gifts program such as endowment; and a prospect research program where you have identified potential prospects.

- The size and geographical distribution of your constituency. This is more challenging in a rural area. We don't have the population numbers to draw from. Previous fund-raising success is critically important. If you haven't been able to raise significant funds from volunteers and donors, how can you expect to raise hundreds of thousands or millions of dollars?

- Quality of the program and the impact it has on the community. People have to believe in what you are doing and feel that it somehow benefits them. Location of your organization. Are you in an enterprise zone? Historical district? These can be invaluable in helping raise money.

- Human factors. Do you have enough volunteers? Are they qualified? Are they committed? Are they passionate?

- State of economy? In a strong economy more money is available for enterprise zones and historical district funding. In a weaker economy, such as ours, those funds are depleted and there is more competition for those dollars.

- Competing and conflicting campaigns. Who else is raising money? Right now, the Humane Society is involved in a major capital campaign to build their new facility. While an arts organization may not consider that direct competition, the fact that our community is small and the donor bases for all nonprofit organizations overlap, means this is not a good time to try and launch a huge campaign for something else.

- Trends in the local nonprofit sector. Are we spinning off dozens of arts organizations into their own 501(c) 3 organizations and are we all competing for the same dollars? Does this make sense? Can all these organizations unite to build a cultural center? Unfavorable publicity about the project can halt progress before you even get started. What other local issues must be considered?

- At the end of the process challenge gifts and matching gifts from private foundations such as the Boettcher Foundation can help your organization reach it's goal.

Remember, an organization will get most of its money from a cluster of top donors. Identify these people early and build relationships with them. Don't spend your time on special events unless you have a recognition problem. They take huge amounts of time and effort.

- The success of a capital campaign is dependent upon strong organizational leadership and the commitment of the board of directors.

Free theatre ticket

Fort Lewis College provides a 10-percent discount on groups of 14, with one additional free ticket to the sponsor setting it up and collecting the funds).

Group tickets need to be purchased prior to show dates, with payment sent to FLC at one time.

Tickets can either be mailed or available at Will Call allowing patrons to arrive for the show as they wish, and not as a group. Instead of everyone coming on one night, different night purchases are allowed, but all tickets must be ordered at the same time. Here are the upcoming shows:

- "The Diary of Anne Frank," Oct. 7, 8, 9 at 7:30 p.m. and Oct. 10 at 2:30 p.m. The Gallery Theatre.

- "Skins," Nov. 4, 5, 6, 11, 13 at 7:30 p.m. and Nov. 14 at 2:30 p.m. The Mainstage Theatre.

Tickets are $10 general admission, $8 seniors, $8 faculty and staff, and $5 students.

Contemporary chance

DECAF (Durango Exhibitions and Contemporary Arts Forum) a contemporary art advocacy group, provides artists an opportunity to engage in contemporary art issues, and practices including installation and performance works.

Artists or patrons interested in promoting the visibility and understanding of contemporary art through exhibitions, performances, happenings and educational events can call Jules Masterjohn at 382-0756 for more information.

Ongoing workshops

Beginning Watercolor with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett, 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. every Monday and Wednesday at Fairfield Activities Center. Call 731-8060 to reserve a spot for only $25.

Upcoming workshops

"Durango Inkslinger's 10th Anniversary Workshop," 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 9, at the Durango Arts Center, 802 E. Second Ave., Durango, features three noted writers: Lisa Lenard-Cook, Candelora Versace and Pete Warzel. The workshop is designed for writers interested in professional advice from experts in the field and for interested readers as well.

Lenard-Cook's first novel "Dissonance" won the Jim Sagel Award for the Novel and is the 2004-selected book for Durango-LaPlata Reads! UNM Press has just published her second novel, "Coyote Morning." Lenard-Cook will conduct a workshop entitled "Naked Dreams: Why Writers Don't Write." She will show participants how to explore ambivalence about writing, help them identify personal writing saboteurs and to give themselves permission to write.

Versace is an award-winning 13-year veteran of the Santa Fe freelance writing community and current editor of Southwest Book Views, a literary book review magazine. Her credits include New Mexico Magazine, the Santa Fe New Mexican, Art of the West and more. Her presentation, "The Truth About Freelance Writing," will tell writers what the how-to books don't tell about managing time, professional relationships and finances.

Warzel balances two distinct sides of a working life, writing, and business. He has published fiction, poetry, and nonfiction articles in national magazines. He is the recipient of the 2000 National Council of Literature Fiction Award. His talk, "Putting the Writer in the Writing," will help writers cross over from the clinical approach to writing, to integrating the writer's voice into the story, elevating the quality of the work.

In addition to the workshop sessions, participants will have an opportunity to network with the speakers during the included catered private luncheon.

Cost for the workshop is $50 per person, $35 for current paid members of the Durango InkSlingers. Space is limited and advance reservations are suggested. Make checks payable to Durango Arts Center and mail to InkSlingers Writers' Workshop, c/o Durango Arts Center, 802 E. Second, Durango, CO 81301. For further information call, 259-6145 or 259-5883.

Watercolor Basics II, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Nov. 3, 4 and 5 at the community center with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett. Cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members. Call PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

Perspective, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Nov. 10, 11, 12, at the community center with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett. Cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members. Prospective students must work in a quick-drying medium, so no oil paint please. Call PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

"Signature Gift and Greeting Card Workshop" with Betty Slade. 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Nov. 18 at the community center. Personalize your gifts and packages this year with watercolor and acrylic images. Betty Slade will demonstrate how to paint a Signature Christmas Card and other gifts. Some of the items that will be available are hand painted stationary, book markers and gift tags. Other items will be on hand to paint such as checkbook covers, floor coverings, lampshades, and tote bags.

Betty will have many fun ideas to create. Cost is $35 for the Class and $5 for supplies. The supply packet will include cards and envelopes, book makers and gift tags. Students will need to bring their own brushes, acrylic and watercolor paints. Bring a lunch. There will be a 30-minute break at noon.

Betty Slade has been painting since 1965. She paints in oils, watercolors, acrylics and pastels. She owned Signature Art Gallery in Albuquerque, was active with the Dallas Wholesale Show for many years and is the owner of the Hi Slade Publishing Company which prints and publishes serigraph and lithograph prints and cards.

She also owns and oversees the Blanco Dove Artist and Writer's Retreat Center on the Lower Blanco Road. The center is set up for overnight guests, artist and writer workshops and groups who want to pull away and create. You can view Betty's art at the center during the month of November by appointment.

FLC Workshops

"An Introduction to Art History," 6-7:30 p.m. Mondays, Oct. 11 through Nov. 15. In this course you will discuss art history, the elements of art and principles of design, various media, and art interpretation with Terry Hobbs a visiting instructor in Fort Lewis College's Department of Art.

"Master Class in Oil Painting," 6:30-8:30 p.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays, Oct. 14-Nov. 18. This course is designed to provide intermediate level students with an even deeper foundation of oil painting. You will be provided a sound understanding of materials and techniques in the use of color and design, as well as the varied ways the combination of all of these elements may be used to foster the student's personal visual expressions. Class projects will include still-life work, portrait and/or self-portrait work, landscape work, exterior/interior work, and copy/inclusion work. Intermediate painting skills are necessary.

John Maxon is a visiting instructor of art in the Fort Lewis College Department of Art. As an artist in the fields of drawing, painting, and sculpture, Maxon has had many solo as well as group exhibitions in not only galleries but also museums across the country.

"Woodworking," 6:30-9:30 p.m. Tuesdays and Thursdays, Oct. 19-Dec. 2.

"Jewelry Making," 6-8:30 p.m. Tuesdays, Oct. 19-Nov.16. Peggy Maloney holds M.A. and M.F.A.. degrees from the University of New Mexico. She has many years of experience teaching drawing and jewelry making at San Juan College in New Mexico. She is an adjunct professor in the Art Department at Fort Lewis College. She is a regionally exhibited artist.

"How to Get Your Book Published," 9 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 23. Learn the elements of - and how to write - a convincing query letter; the fundamentals of a compelling book proposal; how to find, and deal with, a literary agent; which publishers to approach for different genres of books; the basics of a publishing contract-advances, rights, royalties, copyright, sales, marketing, etc.; and much more. William R. Gray was a writer, editor, photographer, and publisher for more than thirty years with the National Geographic Society.

"Basketry for Gardeners," 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 23.

"Adobe Photoshop," 5:30-9:30 p.m. Monday and Wednesday, Oct. 25, 27.

For more information, please contact Fort Lewis College Extended Studies Program at 247-7385, or visit them on campus at 450 Berndt Hall, or e-mail at monson_m@fortlewis.edu or log on to www.fortlewis.edu, click on Community & Culture then Extended Studies.

Ideas wanted

The calendar of events is getting shorter which signifies that fall is approaching. Submit your workshop ideas, proposals, and recommendations to the Pagosa Springs Arts Council and let's fill out that calendar!

Gallery gift shop

The gift shop in the gallery at Town Park is available to local artisans. Please consider consigning your original work in our store. Contact PSAC at 264-5020 for more information.

Artist opportunities

"Spirit in Hand" Holiday Exhibit and Sale at the Durango Arts Center, Dec. 14-24. This is an opportunity for fine craftspeople and local artists to share their inspired and creative work with the community during the holiday season.

This juried sale will feature fine crafts and arts in the Barbara Conrad Gallery. Artists creating original, unique gift items in ceramics, jewelry, fiber, metal, glass, wood, paper, calligraphy, photography, sculpture, printmaking, painting and drawing are invited to apply. Fine craft items are the focus of the sale. No reproductions or color copies allowed.

Items should range in price from $15-$350. Participants should plan to have a minimum of 12 items in the sale, with additional back stock available. A maximum of four slides or photographs must be submitted for the selection process. Applications must be received by Oct. 22. Entry fee is $15 for DAC members and $30 for nonmembers. Contact DAC at 259-2606 or e-mail info@durangoarts.org.

"Durango Arts & Crafts Conference, Oct. 22-24 at the Strater Hotel. For information, contact Renate Widder, 699 Main Avenue, Durango, CO 81301, or call (866) 453-0005 or e-mail info@strater.com.

El Viaje Tropical Tour to Costa Rica - Butterflies to Bromeliads II, March 19-26, 2005. Depart Denver Saturday, March 19


Oct. 5-30 - Trio Exhibit: Joycelyn Audette, Katherine Barr and Lisa Pedolsky at Durango Arts Center

Oct. 9 - Inkslingers Writing Conference, Durango Art Center

Oct. 22-24 - Durango Arts and Crafts Conference at the Strater Hotel

Oct. 23 - Writer's group meets noon-5 p.m. at Jerry Hannah's

Oct. 24 - Salon at Jerry Hannah's with local writers, artists, musicians begins at 1 p.m.

Nov. 3-5 - Watercolor Basics II, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m., community center

Nov. 5 - Outsider Art: Visions from the Edge, reception with the artists, Durango Arts Center 5-7 p.m.

Nov. 11-12 - Perspective Workshop, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m., community center

Nov. 5-Dec. 10 - Outsider Art: Visions from the Edge at Durango Arts Center.

Food for Thought

Become a shepherd and live longer

By Karl Isberg

SUN Columnist

I'm at the recreation center, doing one of the most inane and unsightly things imaginable: I'm riding a stationary exercise bike, pedaling for all I'm worth.

Think about it: The bike goes nowhere. Sure, I can imagine I am peddling to Bayfield and back; I can see the fictional mileage displayed on the control panel. The bike will even produce the illusion I am traveling at a certain rate. Oh, look, I've biked seven miles and I am whipping along at a brisk 12 miles per hour.

Ours is a sad species, is it not?

But, I remind myself, stripped of motivational illusions the activity has a purpose: better health. With every fantasy mile, I tell myself I am a better physical being, a healthier guy.

A healthier, older guy.

In truth, my activity is fueled at a deep level by the reality of age and is part of a poignant, losing battle to forestall the inevitable.

I am helped along this particular day by a magazine article I read as I pedal. After all, the blunt idiocy of the activity is unavoidable if you flail away on one of these machines with no significant outside input - something to read, a television to watch. Without the distraction, time (oh, that cruel, elastic thing) stretches, the clock on the bike's control panel seems to slow to a crawl, one inevitably begins to wonder if there aren't better things to do. Many things.

I am reading a begrimed copy of one of those snappy guys-only publications, learning new things about what it is to be a man. I've ripped through a couple articles concerning the "perfect" outdoor vacations, pausing only long enough on a piece about kayaking in Vermont to fortify my resolution to remain indoors whenever possible. My idea of a sporting vacation involves a short walk between blackjack tables at a Vegas casino or a brief hike to a favorite restaurant - preferably one in the same hotel where I am staying. I would be up for a stroll in Amsterdam or Paris, but not without frequent stops for intoxicants.

I breeze through an article touting the best SUVs on the market (I am cautioned to never be misled by "air conditioning, stereos, or a soft ride") and a profile of a ruggedly handsome country western music star I've never heard of and whose music will never grace my playlist. There's a comparison of several brands of trail mix but, since I don't include Styrofoam and tree bark in my diet, I am not interested. I turn the page.

What I then confront is an article purporting to reveal "how to live longer." I am promised "New longevity secrets to keep you young and healthy."

As I've noted, the fact I am on a stationary bike that provides me with Platonic mileage and speed readouts indicates I am capable of profound delusion. Why not add staying young and healthy to the list?

I dive into the article and I want to share some things with those of you who have passed both the "I'm bulletproof and immortal" stage of adolescence and early adulthood, and the "I don't need to worry about it yet" phase of early middle age. I need to share what I gleaned from the article with those of you who have moved on to "Oh no, this doesn't look good; I better devote more time to Scripture."

According to this article, if you want to prolong your life, you need to live in Sardinia. Moreover, it helps if you are a shepherd.

Apparently, such folks have low cholesterol, thin-walled and supple arteries, a stunningly low incidence of diabetes, the kidneys of a teenager and a resting heart rate in the low 60s.

How do they do it? And what can we do to mimic their somatic success?

There is heartening news.

One detailed survey reveals that an optimistic attitude has nothing to do with longevity. In fact, say the scientists who studied these Sardinian shepherds, being grumpy might be an advantage. I like this. I've always believed an abundance of false joy and a fake smile get you nowhere and act, instead, as signals of enormous insecurity, It's encouraging to see a blow struck for low expectations, to know that being pessimistic can prolong your life.

A second clue: Fire up the grill and toast some flesh. There's nothing wrong with meat. While you're at it, enjoy a hunk of dry sausage. Have some cheese. But also load up on fresh vegetables.

Things get better. Drink wine, reds in particular, ideally grown at an altitude of more than 2,000 feet.

Some other tips: marry well (a bad marriage can kill you and/or your spouse); be conscientious and dependable (memorize and repeat the Boy Scout Oath); drink coffee; get rich (how a shepherd manages this is beyond me); be religious (see above, re. Scripture); make friends (with friends like mine, I have questions about this); take some aspirin; enjoy frequent sexual relations (the author is unclear as to whether or not this requires another person).

Don't exercise too much, says the author. After I read this, I get off the exercise bike. I don't need much of an excuse.

Cut back on the amount you eat by 10 to 20 percent. Makes sense. Unfortunately.

Finally, make liberal use of olive oil.

I am definitely in the groove with this one - not just for health reasons but because I value the rich, wonderful taste imparted by a good quality oil. Toss out all but some top-grade vegetable oil for higher-temperature work and cruise with the nectar of the olive, You can't go wrong.

I keep two grades of olive oil handy in the kitchen. The first is a cheaper, lighter oil often labeled "pure" and the result of a second pressing. This oil is best suited to stove work.

The better oil is labeled "extra-virgin," comes from a first, cold pressing and contains less acid than the lesser product. It's easy to spot the top-shelf oils at the market: they are often darker, frequently green in tint, and they cost a lot more than the lower quality oil. Bite the budget bullet and buy a bottle. Open the bottle, take a swig. If you're timid, dip a small piece of bread in the oil and eat it. Fruity, isn't it? A food in itself. It's the wine of oils.

When I sauté meats and/or vegetables, there are many times I will ignore expense and use the highest grade olive oil to take advantage of the greater flavor. The oil provides a strong foundation for dishes, a depth that lighter, ordinary cooking oils cannot give you.

As an example: There is a galaxy of variations available when you play off a pan-roasted chicken breast in which the seasoned meat is caramelized in a sheen of olive oil in a heavy pan on the stovetop then finished in a hot oven for 12 to 15 minutes.

Once roasted, the meat is removed to a heated plate while a bit more of the high-grade oil is added to the pan with aromatics and herbs and spices of one kind or another (to which compass point on the taste map do you want to travel - tarragon, oregano, basil, cumin, caraway, chiles? Onion, garlic, celery, tomato?).

The pan is deglazed with a liquid paired with the choice of aromatics - wines and/or stocks. The goodies produced by the roasting process are scraped up into the liquid and the amalgam is reduced to a near syrupy consistency. Back in goes the chicken and - instead of butter - more of the extra virgin olive oil is added and it emulsifies over heat as the seasonings are adjusted.

Oily, olivey good.

And for dressings, break out the extra-virgin oil. Sure, there are other flavorful oils that can and should be used in some dressings, but it is hard to beat a vinaigrette with a top-of-the-line extra virgin olive oil as the base.

Heck, to top off the oil level you can imitate those restaurants that puddle some super balsamic vinegar in a pool of extra virgin, salt it a bit and dip into it with bits of bread.

You guzzle the oil, you live longer.

Me, I intend to follow the guidelines in the article as closely as I can.

I will use more olive oil.

I'll double my cheese consumption and chase each wedge with some high-altitude wine.

I won't ride that ridiculous stationary bike again.

I can't afford a ticket to Sardinia at the moment but I'll put 5 percent of each paycheck into a special account and, when there is enough cash accrued to book passage, I'll call a travel agent. I'll hook up with a Sardinian real estate broker via the Web and start looking for some land, preferably with verdant rolling hills.

In the meantime, anyone have some sheep for sale?


Education News

Family Nights resume Oct. 14

By Livia Cloman Lynch

PREVIEW Columnist

Families, come join the fun at the Archuleta County Education Center Thursday, Oct. 14, at the second in the series of Family Nights: Parent and Child Together events.

The event theme is "Housing" and there will be fun family activities and games with the action starting at 5:30 p.m. Dinner will be provided and will be a "build your own" taco bar. Families will have fun making their tacos together, learning about following directions and adding ingredients.

The event is free to all families but please preregister by calling 264-2835.

Business planning

The Education Center is offering a new class on business planning. Les Linton will discuss what a business plan is and how it can help you manage your business. This two-night course will be offered 7-9 p.m. Oct. 20 and 21.

On the first evening Linton will explain the elements of a business plan including what a mission statement is and how to define your business, product or services. He will also discuss the importance of marketing information and how to analyze potential business locations.

During the second session financial statements will be discussed and there will be guest speakers from the Small Business Development Center.

Computer Classes

We have a number of upcoming computer classes being offered during October and November. Power Point XP is being taught 6-8 p.m. Monday, Oct. 18 and Wednesday Oct. 20.

Microsoft Excel is offered 6-8 p.m. Mondays and Wednesdays Oct. 25 through Nov. 10.

We just added Microsoft Publisher to our October offerings and it will be taught 6-8 p.m. Mondays and Wednesdays Oct. 25 through Nov. 3.

For those people who like to be truly organized for the holidays, we are once again offering the class Fun Holiday Ideas that will enhance your skills for developing newsletters, cards, and invitations. Come join this fun class being taught by Cynde Jackson Nov. 9 and 10.

Microsoft Word will again be offered 6-8 p.m. Mondays and Wednesdays Nov. 29 through Dec. 8.

For a complete listing of all of our program offerings, please stop by the Archuleta County Education Center located at 4th and Lewis streets. Or give us a call at 264-2835.

Cruising with Cruse

Climbing Pagosa Peak is dreadful — but doable

By Katherine Cruse

SUN Columnist

I've done it. I've hiked to the top of Pagosa Peak.

I never aspired to bag Pagosa Peak. Besides, I've gotten higher than Pagosa Peak (elevation 12,600) just by hiking the Continental Divide Trail from Wolf Creek to Silverton. Carrying 45 pounds on my back and spending nights in a tent, fer gosh sakes.

But people kept asking if I had 'done Pagosa.' The way they said it, I know they assumed the answer was yes. As in, "You've climbed Pagosa Peak, right?" and then, "No? You haven't? I don't believe it." Believe it, already.

I got tired of explaining that I hadn't or saying that it was my goal to be the last person in the county to climb it. Besides, you can't be the last person when new people are arriving every day.

Earlier this summer I hiked to the top of Blackhead Peak, the second highest mountain around here. That trip leader said Blackhead was harder than Pagosa. Well, maybe. They're different climbs, and each one is difficult, although in different ways.

I survived the Blackhead climb, so I figured this was the summer to do Pagosa. Get it over with.

My dear friend Flash, who's been there a couple of times, agreed to take me and our friend Doc, another slow hiker, and a couple of other noncompetitive hikers up, all of us for the first time.

There are several routes to the top of Pagosa Peak. You can use the Anderson Trail to get to the vicinity. Apparently, you leave the Anderson Trail and bushwhack to a small saddle on the south side of Pagosa Peak. Then you turn right and start up. And up.

The route we took was to drive in on Black Mountain Road off of Plumtaw Road for about half an hour. Black Mountain is a rutted, barely maintained road.

The Forest Service closes it in the winter, with good reason. A four-wheel drive vehicle isn't mandatory, but you'd be a fool to attempt it with anything else.

You need a guide, someone who's been there before, just to find the trailhead. After that, staying on the trail is pretty easy, because so many people are using it. This is an unofficial trail. It was not laid out by the Forest Service. It was not laid out by anyone who cares about erosion, bad knees, or people from lower elevations. It basically goes uphill. Until you reach that saddle that lets you look down on the Anderson Trail. And then it gets steep.

Climbing Pagosa Peak is dreadful, but it is doable. Two miles, more or less, and 2,400 feet up, also more or less. It took us four hours, about twice as long as some people take. I'm sure that I was the slowest one.

A friend of mine climbed the peak one summer right after she had walked in the 60-mile Susan Komen Foundation march to raise money for breast cancer research. She thought she was in pretty good shape, but she was not prepared for Pagosa. She told me, "Air. I couldn't get enough air."

The top of the mountain that we see from down here is not the top of the mountain. It's a false peak, and it's maybe 20 feet lower than the real peak. There's a narrow ridge about 200 feet long between the two peaks. For some it's pretty scary, because the mountain drops off so sharply on either side. It's not recommended for people with vertigo.

I told Flash that I wasn't sure I'd go beyond the false peak. "But then you won't get to sign the register," he said. "Can't you bring it to me?" I asked. He shook his head.

It turned out that for me the crossing from the false peak to the real one was easy, probably because it wasn't steep. I could breathe.

The top of Pagosa Peak is a rounded bump. There's a small pile of rocks to indicate the highest point, and tucked in among the rocks is the register, a plastic bottle with lots of scraps of paper, and a pencil.

Doc stood on top of the cairn and danced. We took turns taking pictures with each other's cameras. We all signed the register. We admired the view.

Because Pagosa Peak stands pretty much alone, you're higher than anything else around. You feel like you're on top of the world, and in a sense you are.

After the requisite amount of oohing and aahing, we sat down in the lee of the peak to eat our lunch. A movement caught our eye, and we turned to see three people hiking up the northwest side of the peak. They had parked on the road near our vehicles and climbed the peak from a different route, bushwhacking all the way. They said they preferred that to the more popular so-called trail with its steep eroded sections made slippery by little rocks that act like ball bearings. Some people call them death marbles.

We descended the peak in just over two hours. I ended up with sore muscles and aching knees. I cut my leg, swinging it too carelessly over a downed tree across the trail. The trail down is a toe jammer, and I beat up one toenail so badly that I eventually lost it.

The day after the Pagosa Peak climb, I hiked to Quartz Ridge and beyond with another friend. "Bad timing," people told me, "doing those two back to back." But we'd made the date for this hike months before. The climb to Quartz Ridge, although strenuous, was a piece of cake in comparison with the one the day before.

As for Pagosa Peak, I can now say, "Oh sure, I've climbed it." I might even say, 'The last time I climbed Pagosa Peak.'"

And I don't ever have to do it again.


Pagosa Lakes News

Beware of the 809 phone scam

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

We actually received a call last week from an "809" area code. The woman said, "Hey, this is Karen. Sorry I missed you - get back to us quickly. Have something important to tell you."

Then she repeated a phone number beginning with 809.

Beware! Don't ever dial area code 809, 284 or 876. Here is some very relevant information provided by AT&T:

Don't respond to e-mails, phone calls, or Web pages which tell you to call an 809 area phone number.

This is a very important issue of Scam Busters because it alerts you to a scam that is spreading quickly, can easily cost you $2,400 or more, and is difficult to avoid unless you are aware of it. This scam has been identified by the National Fraud Information Center and is costing victims a lot of money.

There are lots of different permutations of this scam. Here's how it works:

You will receive a message on your answering machine or your pager, which asks you to call a number beginning with an area code 809. The reason you've been asked to call varies. It can be to receive information about a family member who has been ill, to tell you someone has been arrested, died, to let you know you have won a wonderful prize, etc. In each case, you are told to call the 809 number right away. Since there are so many new area codes these days, people unknowingly return these calls.

You will be charged a huge amount per minute. You will get a long recorded message. The point is, they will try to keep you on the phone as long as possible to increase the charges.

Why does it work?

The 809 area code is located in the British Virgin Islands (the Bahamas).

The 809 area code can be used as a "pay-per-call" number, similar to 900 numbers in the U.S. Since 809 is not in the U.S. it is not covered by U.S. regulations of 900 numbers, which require that you be notified and warned of charges and rates involved when you call a "pay-per-call" number.

AT&T recommended that no matter how you get the message, if you are asked to call a number with an 809 area code that you disregard the message.

It's important to prevent becoming a victim of this scam since trying to fight the charges afterward can become a nightmare.

That's because you did, actually, make the call. If you complain, both your local phone company and your long distance carrier will not want to get involved and will most likely tell you that they are simply providing the billing for the foreign company.

You'll end up dealing with a foreign company that argues it has done nothing wrong.



Faye Mattie Teeson Brown

In the early morning hours of Sept. 28, 2004, Faye Mattie Teeson Brown left this world peacefully, ready for her next adventure.

Faye was born on March 9, 1905 in Chromo, Colo., and lived most of her life in Archuleta County. She married Raymond Theodore Brown on Oct. 29, 1922, in Pagosa Springs. She was proud to be a rancher, a lifestyle she felt was her destiny. There was nothing that Faye couldn't ride, tame or love.

Her deep faith in her Heavenly Father was at the core of Faye's life. That faith manifested itself in the love that spilled forth onto everyone she met. There were no strangers to Faye. She did not understand prejudice and had friends of all races, religions and social or economic status. Faye put the needs and concerns of others before her own; she had a way of making each person feel like the most important person in the world.

And Faye fed everybody. Whether you came to visit or were a hired hand, Faye would feed you and usually send you away with food to take home. The milk, butter and cream from Faye's cows helped to raise half the population of Pagosa Springs.

Faye lived through tremendous hardships and poverty and did whatever had to be done to make ends meet. She always had her cattle, her horses, vegetable garden and crop of hay. Her love for her animals was legendary. Faye never had to herd her cattle, she just called them and they followed. She spent as much time on horseback as on foot and was an expert horsewoman. Faye had many faithful dogs over her lifetime but Bobbie was her favorite.

For over 30 years, Faye has ridden her horse in the annual Pagosa Springs Fourth of July Parade. Last July 3, she rode for the last time at the age of 99.

Faye was the most proud of being a Mormon, a religion that she chose at a young age. Faye started a grassroots effort to establish a Ward in Pagosa Springs, which had previously been only a branch of the Mormon Church. She was also proud of being recruited for the Eastern Star and being made Grand Page.

Faye was preceded in death by her parents, Samuel and Leora Teeson, her husband, Raymond, her six siblings, and her beloved dog, Bobbie.

She is survived by: her sons, Raymond L. Brown of Allison and Warren Joe Brown of Bayfield; her grandchildren, Twila Faye Brown and Brad Brown of Pagosa Springs, Dan Brown of Allison, Cindy Highland and Christy Duran of Bayfield, Connie White and Lynn Hood of Cortez, Lance Brown and Carol Fowler of Sandy, Utah, Bruce Brown of Dayton, Ohio, Gary Brown of Hemet, California, and Claudia Carter of Seattle, Washington; nieces Tinnie Lattin and Ione Patterson of Pagosa Springs; and 26 great-grandchildren and 13 great-great-grandchildren.

Memorial donations can be made to the San Juan Historical Society Museum, P.O. Box 1711, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.

 Jose Presciliano Valdez

Jose Presciliano Valdez died Friday, Oct. 1, 2004.

Known to almost everyone as Pres, he was born in Chamita, N.M., Sept. 2, 1912, to Jose Clemaco Valdez and Maria Elena Sanchez Valdez. He was 92 years old.

Pres married Adelita Dolores Griego in Lumberton, N.M., on April 11, 1936. Pres was a cowboy and a rancher. He enjoyed flying in airplanes, riding and breaking horses, taxidermy, gardening and lots of hugs. He was also an avid reader.

His is preceded in death by his loving wife, Adelita "Della" Valdez; his parents, Jose and Elena Valdez; a son, Charles Valdez; brothers Ruben, Joe A. and Esperidion Valdez; grandchildren Bobby John Blasingim and Pamela Jo Bennett and great-grandson Preston Potts.

He is survived by his children, Della Valdez Trusdell, Helen and Paul Bennett, Pres Valdez, Jimmy and Kari Valdez, Harold and Judi Valdez, Michael and JoAnna Valdez and Charlene Valdez; his brothers and sisters, Mave Valdez, Clara Martinez, Fidelino Valdez,and Jenny Martinez; his brother-in-law, Orlando Griego; grandchildren Wayne Blasingim, Jaime Dean Blasingim, Erin Prokop Lucero, Matthew Prokop, Edward Bennett, Orin Anderson, Rhonda Valdez Potts, Jesse Valdez, Chase Valdez, Michele Perez, Tanna Bristol, Phillip Valdez, Bobby Valdez, Mikela Valdez, Dwayne Valdez and Shelli Irizarry, and Kenneth Valdez; great-grandchildren Nicholas and Nathan Blasingim, Lindsey, Jaime and McKenzie Blasingim, Ryan Bennett, Chantelle Valdez Latham, Tony, Jessica and Tessa Potts, Jeff, Steven, Curtiss and Triver Bristol, Cody Bryant, Sofia Perez, Spur James Valdez, Jesse Nicole Valdez, Brittany Marie Valdez, Hayley Rose Valdez and Sierra Rose Esquer-Irizarry; and one great-great grandchild, Bo Glasingim.

The family gathered at Pagosa Springs Funeral Options on Sunday, Oct, 3, 2004 to say their farewells to Pres. Blessing and prayer followed with Father Hudson presiding. Recitation of the Rosary was held Monday Oct. 4 and Mass of Christian Burial Tuesday Oct. 5 in Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church with Father Carlos Alvarez officiating.

Interment followed in Hilltop Cemetery.

 Bonnie Hyler Teller

Bonnie Hyler Teller passed away on Sept. 11, 2004, at the age of 85. Bonnie was Born to Morris Hyler and Dolly Confar Hyler on May 25, l919, in Denver, Colo.

She was a descendent of some of the earliest pioneer families in Archuleta County.

Her grandfather, Welch Hyler, and great uncle Welch Nossaman (brothers-in-law) were two of the earliest Anglo settlers and businessmen in Archuleta County and the Confars were some of the earliest settlers in the Chromo area.

Bonnie lived her early years in and around Pagosa Springs, and then moved to San Diego Calif., were she graduated from high school.

Bonnie married Frank George Teller on Feb. 13, 1939, in San Diego, Calif. During World War II, her home was a home away from home for many of the young men in the service from Pagosa Springs. Later she went to work for Consolidated Aircraft Industries to help with the war effort. After the war she and Frank moved back to Pagosa Springs and were involved in ranching (her true love was animals), later to the San Luis Valley where they ranched in Monte Vista and Del Norte.

Eventually they moved to Arizona where she retired from the Oracle, Ariz., schools and had managed the cafeteria.

Bonnie had been in ill health the last few years and resided in the Desert Treasure Residence.

Bonnie is survived by her son James Dennis (JD) and Linda Teller of Oracle; grandson Dennis (Jennifer) Teller of Bisbee, Ariz., and great-grandchildren James and Rachel, nephew CDR Franklin (Martie) Anderson of Allison, Colo., nieces Evelyn (Andrew) Anton of Corbett, Ore., and Myrtle Snow of Pagosa Springs. She was preceded in death by her parents, a brother, Lloyd J. Anderson, and cousins Millard and Bud Seavy. She will be laid to rest with her beloved Husband, Frank, who passed away in l991.

Bonnie was a loving person who devoted her life to her family and friends. She will be missed by all who knew her. Per Bonnie's request there will be no services.

Business News


Park Place Barber and Salon

LouJean Espinosa has been a nail technician for nine years and purchased Park Place Barber and Salon in the Greenbriar Plaza. Her salon has been open in this new location since January.

LouJean offers spa pedicures, manicures and artificial nails. She employs a licensed esthetician/nail tech, Elaina Kleckner, two licensed massage therapists, Janna Voorhis and Henry Espinosa Jr., and will employ a hair stylist in November.

LouJean's Salon provides a wonderful atmosphere, great services, and adds retail products daily.

For more information contact LouJean at 731-7171 or visit her at 301 N. Pagosa Blvd. B-14 in the Greenbriar Plaza.


Preview Profile

Pamela Ulrikson

Finance clerk

Archuleta County


Where were you born?

"Phoenix, Arizona."


Where did you go to school?

"Scottsdale, Arizona."


When did you arrive in Pagosa Springs?

"May 21, 2004."


What did you do before you arrived here?

"I was the customer service supervisor for the Galleries of Neiman Marcus."


What are your job responsibilities?

"Processing bills for the county."


What are the most enjoyable and least enjoyable aspects of your job?

"I enjoy everything. I am learning a lot and I get to meet and deal with people in the county who are just wonderful. I enjoy all aspects of my job."


What is your family background?

"I have two children. My son Trygve lives in Arizona and he has finished college. My daughter Toren also lives in Arizona and she is now attending Northern Arizona University."


What do you like best about the community?

"What's not to like! Living here is like living in paradise."


What are your other interests?

"I like to read, write, sew and meet new people."


Cards of Thanks

Baseball support

On behalf of over 150 local youth, a huge thank you to all Pagosa businesses and individuals that made the 2004 season one to remember.

Through your generous support, Pagosa youth aged 10-16 constructively used over 2,500 hours of the summer free time practicing and playing baseball. We're very proud of them and their efforts; and we're very thankful to those who have chosen to make an investment in Pagosa kids and this community.

Please take time to view a list of these "Pagosa Investors" in the Pagosa Springs High School football program.

Our youth thank you, our community thanks you.

Pagosa Baseball




Matthew and Susan Archuleta would like to announce they were married Sept. 25, 2004, and would like family and friends to join them in a 1 p.m. celebration Oct. 9 at Aspen Springs Bar.


Sports Page

Pirates paste Bayfield 48-7, earn state ranking

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

"I'd say 'wow' is a good way to describe it."

Such was the postgame summary of Friday night's Pagosa-Bayfield clash from head coach Sean O'Donnell after his Pirates crushed the visiting Wolverines 48-7 in the Intermountain League opener for both squads.

Initially the contest looked to be a battle of field position, but after 10 scoreless minutes the Pirates began to take advantage of Bayfield miscues and exploded for seven unanswered touchdowns on the way to a 41-point win.

Due to the lopsided margin, the officiating crew invoked "the mercy rule" early in the fourth quarter, which kept the clock running almost continuously throughout the remainder of the game.

Early on, however, Bayfield appeared ready to draw first blood as senior quarterback Cody Moore led the Wolverines on a methodical march into the Pirate red zone on the game's opening possession.

But the drive ended inside the Pirate 20 when senior Raul Palmer pounced on a fumble and Pagosa took over at their own 17 with seven minutes to play in the stanza.

Neither team could muster much offensively from that point, and punts were the norm until Pagosa junior wideout Paul Przybylski returned a Wolverine boot to the Pirate 43 late in the quarter.

Pagosa got on track quickly as senior quarterback Paul Armijo threw to Craig Schutz for a gain to the Bayfield 39, then hit Przybylski on consecutive strikes to move the Pirates to the 13.

Sophomore flanker Jordan Shaffer made a one-handed grab to set up first and goal at the 5, Armijo capped the drive two plays later with a 1-yard run, and Casey Hart kicked the point after to make it 7-0 Pagosa with 41 seconds left in the first.

A pair of completions by Moore and power running from Seth Minton moved the Wolverines into Pirate territory on the ensuing possession, but heavy pressure on Moore from Pirate senior Marcus Rivas resulted in an interception at the 35 by teammate Jake Redding.

Pagosa's lead grew to 13-0 seconds later as junior running back Josh Hoffman knifed through the Wolverine defense for a 60-yard score on first and 10 from the 40, and Hart added the extra point to put his team up 14-0 with 10:36 till the half.

The Wolverines set out from their own 22 on their next possession, and consecutive penalties soon had Bayfield in punt formation near the goal line.

O'Donnell sent heat on the attempt and the kick was blocked by Redding then recovered in the end zone by Armijo for six. Hart booted the extra-point and the Pirates led 21-0 with 8:23 remaining.

The meltdown continued for the Wolverines less than a minute later as Pirate senior Richard Lafferty gathered in a fumble at the Bayfield 35, and Armijo hooked up with Przybylski just outside the 10 on the resulting Pagosa first down.

A false start and sack temporarily pushed Pagosa back to the 25, but O'Donnell's middle screen call on third and long seemed to surprise Bayfield, and Hoffman was escorted to the end zone by a herd of Pirate blockers.

Hart once again kicked the point after and the gap widened to 28-0 at the six-minute mark.

Moore returned the resulting kickoff to the Bayfield 35, then worked the Wolverines into scoring position at the Pirate 9 via completions to Minton, Jacob Posey and Lee Ramsier.

But a block in the back call pulled Bayfield back to the 20, and the Wolverines were moved back another 10 yards as Hart, Armijo and Jake Cammack collaborated for a second-down sack at the 30.

Moore completed a fourth-and-goal pass to Loren Morrison inside the 10, but Morrison was stopped by Pirate junior linebacker Bubba Martinez and Pagosa took possession at the 4 with 1:29 to play and moved to midfield before the half ended with the lead holding at 28.

The Wolverines executed a successful on-side kick to begin the second half, then penetrated to the Pagosa 17 before Pirate sophomore Karl Hujus defused the threat with a fumble recovery inside of nine minutes to play in the third quarter.

The Pirates reached the end zone for the fifth time four plays later as Armijo rolled right and threw to the flats for Przybylski, who used key downfield blocks to jet 70 yards and put his team up 35-0.

Momentum continued for Pagosa as Redding cut short the ensuing Bayfield possession with a sack to force an eventual punt from the Wolverine 33, Pryzybylski returned the kick to near midfield and Hoffman broke loose on first down to score from 56 yards out to make it 41-0 Pirates at 4:32.

Hart's PAT kick missed left, but he connected on a seventh attempt early in the fourth quarter after a 1-yard scoring run by Corbin Mellette that was set up by a Przybylski punt return to Bayfield's 26 on the final play of the third.

With Pagosa now up 48-0 and the mercy rule in effect, Moore led a nine-play, 78 yard drive ending with a 7-yard plunge by Minton that prevented a shutout.

Corey Williamson added the PAT that proved to be the game's final marker and the contest ended four minutes later with the scoreboard reading 48-7 in favor of Pagosa.

The Pirates racked up over 400 yards of offense in the win, with Armijo completing 12 of 13 passes for 227 yards and two touchdowns and Hoffman carrying six times for 118 yards and three scores. Przybylski hauled in five passes for 143 yards and one touchdown.

Redding led the defense with 14 tackles, followed by Armijo with 11 and Shaffer with nine.

"I told the kids this win probably started Monday," said O'Donnell after the game. "We had our best week of practice in three years, and if the kids work as hard as they did this week - who knows?"

Overall, said O'Donnell, it was the most-complete effort of the year, to date. "I thought we did a nice job of creating opportunities for ourselves on both sides of the ball," said O'Donnell, adding that the Pirate offensive line was especially impressive.

"My hat's off to our offensive line; they did a great job against a tough football team and opened things up for us," said the coach. "And Paul (Armijo) did a nice job finding the open man and spreading the ball around. It was just a heck of a lot of fun to watch everything come together tonight."

The win improved the Pirates' record to 4-1 (1-0 IML) and earned them the No. 10 spot in the Class 2A polls, with a pivotal IML contest at No. 6 Monte Vista looming Friday.

With respect to Monte Vista, "They've got another great football team over there and they put together a nice win tonight," said O'Donnell, referring to Monte's 47-6 victory Friday at Centauri.

"It's always a tough place to play, and I know without a doubt they'll be playing their fannies off to beat us," he added.

"We'll have to match their intensity play for play or we'll be in for a long night," O'Donnell concluded.

Game time at Monte Vista High School is set for 7 p.m.


Bayfield 0 0 0 7 - 7

Pagosa 7 21 13 7 - 48

First Quarter

Pag - Armijo 1 run (Hart kick)

Second Quarter

Pag - Hoffman 60 run (Hart kick)

Pag - Armijo blocked punt recovery in end zone (Hart kick)

Pag - Hoffman 25 pass from Armijo (Hart kick)

Third quarter

Pag - Przybylski 70 pass from Armijo (Hart kick)

Pag - Hoffman 56 run (kick failed)

Fourth Quarter

Pag - Mellette 1 run (Hart kick)

Bay - Minton 7 run (Williamson kick)


Pirates beat Mean Moose for 7th win of season

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

The Moose were anything but mean Saturday as the Pirate volleyball team took a 3-0 win in Alamosa, 25-23, 25-22, 25-14.

The close scores in the first two games of the match are somewhat misleading: The Pirates were clearly the stronger team on offense, using seven effective hitters to attack the Mean Moose from all points along the net. Alamosa's attack succeeded whenever the Pirates' main defensive weaknesses - poorly set blocks and sluggish back-row play - continued to hamper the team's performance.

Alamosa gave the home crowd only one bit of hope in the early portion of the first game, tying the score at 9-9. The Moose got four of the points courtesy Pirate miscues. Pagosa scored with kills by Caitlyn Jewell, Courtney Steen and Lori Walkup who also scored with an ace serve on the way to the tie.

The Pirates gained a little distance as Jewell stuffed two Alamosa attacks at the net and Kari Beth Faber slammed a kill down inside the block. Walkup was pounding the ball from the middle and from outside all day long and crushed a cross-court kill to put Pagosa in front 13-10. Spotty Pirate blocking kept the home team in the race but the Pirates managed to go in front 23-19 with kills from Bri Scott, Jewell and Faber and another ace by Walkup.

In the rally-scoring format, a 23-19 lead is tough to overcome. Alamosa nearly accomplished the feat, getting a point with a kill from outside that was unmet by a block or a back-row response. Pagosa went to game point with a serve error but an Alamosa kill went out off the Pirate block. A Pirate serve error gave up another point and Alamosa closed the gap to 24-23 when another attack was not thwarted at the net.

The Mean Moose comeback was stopped dead in its tracks as Liza Kelley put the ball down to end the game.

The only times the home team would take a lead during the match was at the outset of the second game: Alamosa went in front 3-1, then 4-3. Then, the train came off the tracks as the Moose surrendered four consecutive points with mistakes. A kill and two aces by Steen put Pagosa ahead 10-5.

The Pirates maintained control throughout the mid section of the game, but did not gain the distance necessary to assure the win. Walkup continued to blast away for points and Caitlin Forrest slid to the middle for a kill. Faber hit an ace and the Pirates led 17-10.

Again, however, lax defense plagued the Pirates and Alamosa went on a 6-1 run, succeeding against unclosed blocks, scoring with two aces and putting a weak free ball to the floor in front of Pagosa defenders. Suddenly, a somewhat comfortable advantage had disappeared and Pagosa was in front 18-16 as the endgame began.

Kelley put a roll shot down for a point but a serve error and a ball hit out allowed Alamosa to get within one - 19-18. Both teams gave up a point with a mistake before Jewell went outside for a kill. Alamosa answered with a kill through the block but Jewell responded with a solo block for a point. The Mean Moose scored on a Pagosa back-court error and kept the pace, one point behind. Walkup responded with a kill from outside but again the Alamosa outside attack found the chink in the Pirates' front-row armor. Pagosa led 23-22 and it was either team's game.

It belonged to Pagosa. Walkup converted a poor pass with a cross-court kill and an Alamosa hitting error gave the game to the Pirates.

The last game of the day provided a glimpse of what the Pirates can do with more consistent defense. Alamosa never got close as the Pirates shot out to a 7-1 advantage with two kills and an ace by Steen and successful attacks by Jewell, Walkup and Scott.

With a 7-3 lead, Scott slid outside and scored, Alamosa committed three costly errors, Steen nailed a kill from outside and Walkup hit two consecutive aces. Pagosa was in front 14-3 and had a grip on the mid-game play - a point in a rally-score game where a team must establish dominance in order to assure a win.

Pagosa gave up three points with mistakes but responded with two points on an Alamosa serve error and an ace by Steen. Forrest put a ball down inside the Moose block, Walkup killed. Advantage Pirates: 19-9

The home team got into double figures with a three-point run, two points courtesy Pagosa, then let a free ball by Steen drop for a score. On the way to game point, at 24-13, Steen put a ball out off the block. Alamosa scored its last point of the day with a block before a perfect set went up on the Pirate side of the net and Walkup fired a tremendous blast from the middle to end the game and the match.

"We played well again on offense," said coach Penné Hamilton, "but we still missed too many serves - seven - and we had to adjust on defense. We did that, finally, in the third game and picked up the pace."

The match at Alamosa was the first in a series of road games against non-league foes and the coach likes the scenario.

"It's nice to play out of league," she said. "You see different things. Alamosa's defense did some digging we didn't see from our league teams and hopefully we learned to adjust our defense quicker. We still need to get to our blocks and close the blocks, and we'll definitely get the chance to see if we've improved as the week goes on."

The win left the Pirates with a 7-2 overall record heading to Durango Tuesday night for a match with their 5A rivals. That is part one of the test Hamilton referred to.

The second chapter comes Saturday as the Pirates wheel to the eastern plains for their annual appearance at the Fowler tournament. During the tourney competition, Pagosa will face two top-level teams in perennial 2A power Fowler and a very strong 3A Lamar. The fourth team at the event will be La Junta.

"Fowler and Lamar have great records this season," said Hamilton, "and this will be a good opportunity to evaluate what we need to do before we head to second matches with each of our league opponents."


Kills/attacks: Walkup 9-16, Steen 7-20, Kelley 4-14

Assists: Walkup 14, Kelley 9

Solo blocks: Jewell 4, Kelley 2

Ace serves: Walkup 4, Steen 2

Digs: Forrest 9, Walkup 9


Pirates defeat Demons in 3-2 thriller

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

It was a shoot-out.

And, for most of the evening, neither the Pirate or Durango Demon volleyball teams blinked.

When the long and exciting battle was over, Pagosa left the Demon gym a 3-2 winner over their 5A opponent, 25-24, 19-25, 22-25, 25-20, 15-11.

The win boosted the Pirate record to 8-2 (4-0 in league play).

Pagosa forged two decent leads in the early going in game one - 3-0 and 9-5. Lori Walkup began the game with a kill - the first of 12 she would record in the match. Courtney Steen killed for a second point and Caitlin Forrest served an ace. Senior Bri Scott nailed a point off a block and Steen scored from the back line.

Durango made up ground to tie at 10-10 and the teams struggled for the advantage through the middle of the game.

With the Demons in front 18-16, Pagosa put on a burst, outscoring the hosts 6-1 and moving in front 22-19. The run was set up by some of the best digs of the season, most by Steen and Scott.

Pirate errors stopped the momentum, however, and Durango went ahead 23-22 courtesy four consecutive mistakes on Pagosa's side of the net.

Forrest managed to put a roll shot down to tie the score 24-24, but the Demons responded with a kill through the block.

Walkup fooled the Demon defense, placing an off-speed shot over the block and Steen blasted a point from outside. A Demon hitting error gave the game to Pagosa.

The home team roared back in the second game, leading from the outset. Pagosa's play disintegrated in all phases and a spate of mistakes turned over points to the Demons. Durango led 9-2 and never looked back. The home crowd sensed victory, but Pagosa fought hard at the end of the game, making the win more difficult than many expected.

Behind 19-10, the Pirates used kills from Scott, Liza Kelley (on a back set from Walkup) and Caitlyn Jewell to scrap back to 24-16. Jewell killed off the block and scored with a solo block but a Durango kill gave the game to the home team.

Durango moved to the brink of a match win with a victory in the third game, again building a substantial lead at the start. The Demons led 8-2 before Pagosa made a move, tightening the defense and working the offense more effectively. Walkup crunched an overpass and Scott scored with an off-speed shot to the hole. Kari Faber killed off the Demon block, Steen hit an ace then nailed a point from the back row. The Pirates trailed 9-8.

Durango answered with a four-point run before the Pirates responded in kind. Forrest scored from outside and Pagosa had a tie at 13-13.

The teams tied at 17-17, 18-18, 20-20 and 21-21, the Pirates getting earned points on a block by Jewell and Walkup, a kill by Walkup and a point off the block by Scott.

Durango's 22nd point was a mystery when no call was made as the Demon setter grabbed the ball and pushed it over the net for a score. A Demon serve error surrendered a point before a three point run gave the home team the game and a chance to end the evening with one more win.

It would not happen.

Durango again took the early lead, 4-0, but Pagosa struggled to keep apace and, despite some passing problems and sets off the net, the Pirates managed to hold the Demon advantage to 14-9.

Durango gave up two points with mistakes and Steen killed for a score. Durango scored twice to extend the advantage to 16-12, but that would be the last hurrah for the home team.

Walkup annihilated an overpass to start a five-point Pirate run. Durango turned over three of the points with errors, Steen scored the fifth point with a kill through the Durango block.

The Demons managed a miracle point as a free ball dropped at the Pirates' feet but Pagosa responded with five more points in a row. Scott scored with an off-speed shot over the block, Steen hit an unmanageable serve and Kelley put a tip down off the pass. Pagosa led 22-17.

The teams traded mistakes and, with Pagosa in front 23-20 there were no more errors on the Pirates' side of the net. Jewell swung outside for a kill then stuffed a Demon hitter.

If any factor was dominant in the fourth-game victory, it was composure and a steadiness that has been absent in some of Pagosa's matches this year. Against Durango, the Pirates were unaffected by adversity, determined to respond to any situation with strength.

And it was strength and determination that allowed the team to rebound from an 8-2 Demon lead in the fifth game - a game to 15.

The Pirates closed the gap to 10-9 courtesy Demon mistakes before Jewell, the 6-1 middle hitter, tied the shoot-out with a kill.

The Demons got a point off the block.

Finally, it was Durango that blinked.

Jewell roared outside to kill for a point. Then, the one aspect of the Pirates' game that had been most erratic this season - blocking - dominated the action.

Jewell and Walkup stole the game and match from Durango as the Demons attempted to attack from outside - a move that, with several quick sets in the middle - had been a go-to play throughout the match.

The set went up, the hit was delivered.

Stuff block: Jewell and Walkup.

A set went up, the hit was delivered.

Stuff block: Jewell and Walkup.

Another hit, another block by Jewell and Walkup. Pagosa was in front 14-11.

The final Demon attacker went up to attack in the face of that ferocious block and hit ball out to give the Pirates the victory.

Praising her team's overall play, coach Penné Hamilton said "It's nice to go five games with a decent team, and win. This is the first time we've gone five, and our whole goal was improved passing and serving. If we can't do those two things well, we can't beat the good teams. We did it better tonight than we have so far this year.

"I was also pleased to see quite a few dig-set-hits. Our attack was greatly improved. That last game was a gut check. I told them they had to get every little thing right to win - that if they didn't get them right, Durango would use them. They got them right."

Saturday will bring even tougher tests and fans will know whether this team has taken a permanent step up in its quality of play. The Fowler tournament will give the Pirates a chance to face the host Grizzlies - one of the best 2A teams in Colorado - and 3A power Lamar, undefeated so far this season and a regular state tournament team. La Junta is the fourth team at the tourney.

Pagosa plays Lamar at 10 a.m. Saturday and goes against Fowler in the next match. The Pagosa/La Junta match is the final contest scheduled in round-robin play.

At the end of the day the two top teams from the round robin fight it out for first place; the other two teams play for third place.


Kills/attacks: Walkup 12-32, Jewell 9-25, Steen 7-36, Kelley 6-20

Ace serves: Faber 2, Steen 1

Assists: Kelley 18, Walkup 18

Solo blocks: Jewell 3, Kelley 3

Digs: Kelley 14, Steen 14, Forrest 13


Pirates kick their way over Wolverines 6-2

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

When you've whitewashed a team once - even if it was shorthanded - you have a world of confidence when you play that team a second time.

And early Tuesday evening, Pagosa displayed the confidence, racing to a 1-0 lead in just 44 seconds over Bayfield's soccer team on a bitter cold Wolverine Stadium field.

As has become the Pirate signal, the initial call went to the Webb boys. Freshman Shon breaking with the ball from midfield and leading senior Moe.

Bayfield keeper Ryan Wirth, who had an outstanding game, stopped the first blast but Moe was right there for the rebound and drilled it.

That was the end of Pirate offensive action for some time to come, and it seemed to steam up the homestanding Wolverines.

After a pair of Pirate attacks went for nought, Bayfield evened the score at 1-1 just 3:33 into the game on a Juan Guzman drive from the right wing.

The Pirates became listless for several minutes, settling on long outlet kicks to no one, and counting on defense to save the moment.

The defenders responded to the challenge, time and again turning away Bayfield drives while their own offense appeared to have been blown stagnant by the 40 mile per hour wind whipping into their faces from the north.

There were brief signs of awareness, such as the Caleb Ormonde move in front of goal for a header. But Wirth nailed the ball with a leap and on the next possession, Pirate keeper Caleb Forrest was called upon for an equally tough stop on Guzman.

Then Bayfield's Thomaz Rocha missed a header right in front of the net. The Wolverines maintained possession and Forrest was forced to end the attack with a diving save to his left on Nick Joswick's drive.

Nearly 20 minutes later, Pagosa came awake, much of the attack being contributed by the return of Chris Baum from torn ligaments and a six-game hiatus.

At 23:02 he stole a Bayfield crossing pass and dropped to Keegan Smith. His lead to Moe Webb was blocked and Smith's rebound hit the right post. Paul Muirhead recovered for Pagosa but his drop to Shon Webb was shanked.

A minute and five seconds later, Baum hit his first goal of the season and gave Pagosa a lead it would not relinquish.

His drive from the left wing off a cross from Moe Webb, was a perfect loft into the upper right corner of the net for a 2-1 Pagosa margin.

It lasted at that score for just over three minutes.

And then the Webb boys dismantled the middle of the Wolverine defense with a Shon to Moe to Shon give and go that had Wirth baffled and the lead grew to 3-1 Pagosa.

Forrest stopped an Erik Ludwig effort off a corner kick on the next Bayfield possession before Chris Nobles executed a perfect slide block for another Pagosa possession.

This one led to a blown chance when Jessie Morris' crossing lead to Moe Webb was drilled in stride, but over the net.

Forrest made a routine save on Rocha as the half wound down with Pagosa leading 3-1.

The Pirates came out in the second half with the wind at their backs, the sun breaking through, and an apparent new offensive spirit.

A Keegan Smith to Moe Webb attack resulted in another shot wide right and then Wirth made his best play of the game on a Muirhead-to-Webb attack that Wirth ripped out of the air for a key save.

A Bayfield corner kick and header attack was foiled by Forrest and his long clearing kick resulted in a Muirhead drive that hit the crossbar.

Bayfield's Richard Stange, a senior who missed the first game, was thwarted three times on the same play at the 55-minute mark, Forrest making two stops and Morris coming to his aid for the third.

After two more Forrest saves, the Pirates were on the offensive prowl again. A quick set off a steal by Morris gave Ormonde a header opening but Wirth was equal to the challenge. Then a Morris chip over the defenders clipped the post and Levi Gill's drive from 40 yards was stopped.

Then Moe and Shon Webb each was stopped twice as Wirth continued outstanding defense.

But finally the offense clicked on a teamwork effort.

Muirhead opened the drive with a left-wing steal, evaded two defenders, and led to Ormonde racing the middle alley. His drop to Moe Webb left Wirth without defense and Pagosa led 4-1 at 67:08.

After Forrest stopped Rocha, another Muirhead to Moe Webb to Shon teamwork move resulted in a shot wide right.

Again, Forrest stopped a Ludwig effort before a Pirate assault resulted in Wirth stopping Webb, a block-takeaway by Gill, and a Kevin Blue-to-Webb-to Keegan Smith attack that resulted in another dented post by the still scoreless Smith.

Ormonde, with a looper off a corner kick by Blue at 74:25 made the score 5-1 for Pagosa as the ball sailed with the wind high over Wirth's head.

Bayfield got that goal back at 76:37 with Ludwig scoring unassisted after Forrest went far out for a loose ball and couldn't get back to the empty net.

The final score, 6-2, resulted when Moe Webb broke free at midfield, raced the right wing behind a screen from Blue, and dropped a pass to Shon working the lane Blue opened. The freshman Webb drilled the shot and Pagosa had hiked its Southwest Mountain League record to 5-1.

They take that mark to Crested Butte for a 4 p.m. game Friday against the team which administered the lone league loss, 3-2 in overtime Sept. 17 in Golden Peaks Stadium. The Pirates then have a long drive back home to host Ridgway in a 1 p.m. contest Saturday.

Coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason told his squad after the victory he was pleased with the second half comeback, but warned players not to let success influence performance.

"We have to be on our game all the time," he said. "We can't let down and let our defense carry the load."

"When we play our game, the game we've practiced all week," he said later, "we're hard to beat."


Scoring: .44, P-M. Webb, assist S. Webb; 3:33, B-Guzman, unassisted; 24:09, P-Baum, assist M. Webb; 27:31, P-S. Webb, assist M. Webb; 67:08, P-M. Webb, assists Muirhead and Ormonde; 74:25 P-Ormonde, assist Blue; 76:37, B-Ludwig, unassisted; 78:26, P-S. Webb, assist M. Webb. Shots on goal, P-21, B-15. Saves, P-Forrest, 9, B-Wirth, 13. No cards.

'The Animal' chews up Demon attack in 4-1 Pagosa soccer victory

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

His teammates are calling him "The Animal" this week.

And after his defensive performance against Durango Oct. 1, the Demons might think he was more than just one person.

Senior sweeper Levi Gill was credited with 16 solo blocks in a 4-1 Pagosa soccer victory at Riverview sports complex in Durango.

Every time Durango mounted an attack, the red-maned animal called Gill seemed there to break it up.

Pagosa keepers Caleb Forrest and Felix Guttierez were called on to make only seven saves in the game as time and again Gill and his defensive soulmates took the ball away.

And, as has been their wont in recent contests, the Pirates got on the board early, Shon Webb showing the way with a penalty kick at 1:47 that had Demon junior keeper Adam Reutschle baffled.

Then began a 23-minute Pagosa run without scoring, one in which both teams played excellent defense, but offensive breakaways were hard to come by.

Five Pirate shots on goal were stopped and twice Pagosa shooters were over the net - a 20-yarder from Moe Webb and a 40-yarder from Jessie Morris.

A penalty kick by Pagosa's Kevin Blue was wide right and then a two-play series resulted in a rare yellow card for Forrest in goal.

It began with a wipeout block just outside the goal mouth on Pirate defender Derek Monks.

Forrest complained to officials about there being no call.

Just a minute later Durango mounted a serious attack which Forrest stopped on a fine move to blank sophomore Matt Barger.

But Barger ran headlong into Forrest in the crease after the shot and when there was no call, Forrest protested, again.

The official issued a yellow card, saying, "I'll call the game, you take care of goalkeeping."

Forrest had to leave the game until the ball changed possession again and Guttierez replaced him, making a save of his own in the interim before going back out.

Finally, at 38:57, Pagosa hiked the lead to 2-0 with Moe Webb scoring on a drop off a breakaway from the ever present Gill who had stolen a Demon throw-in and beat two defenders before passing off.

The first half ended with Blue's penalty kick from the left wing sailing wide left and Chi Hoon Lee's header off a centering pass from Caleb Ormonde stopped in goal.

The second half opened with four consecutive solo blocks by Gill and a save by Forrest.

The latter then made his lone physical error of the game, coming way out of net to his right for a loose ball. He was beaten to possession by an attacker who reversed the ball inside where freshman striker Grant Hunstiger was all alone to cut the score to 2-1 in favor of Pagosa.

The teams traded kicks with Gill and Barger respectively stealing pass attempts.

At 54:38 the Webb boys were at it again.

Moe stole a Demon pass just outside the attack zone and raced to the right wing. Shon followed and took a drop from Moe to the middle, crossing back to his older brother. Moe faked a defender , cut right, and then left the ball there for Shon as the defender went with him and Shon drilled the shot for a 3-1 Pagosa lead.

On the ensuing possession, Shon had a breakaway off a shanked goal kick but his shot was snared by Hunstiger.

Morris missed a penalty kick from 22 yards, but Gill was everywhere the ball went, turning in five consecutive solo blocks wrapped around a Moe Webb drive that sailed wide right.

Paul Muirhead, working the left wing flirted twice with the possibility of his third goal of the season. One was stopped by the Demon keeper and the other clanked off the post.

Forrest and Derek Monks combined for a brilliant double stop on the best Demon attack of the day at 72:40.

Barger eluded two defenders on the right wing and drilled a shot Forrest batted out but did not control. As three attackers closed on it, Monks appeared from nowhere to drill the ball out of the zone and protect the lead.

Gill took the ball all the way back into the attack zone but his shot was wide right.

But he wasn't done.

His 16th and final takeaway resulted in the final Pagosa goal.

Cutting off a Demon drive 40 yards out, he chipped a lead pass over the last defender to Moe Webb.

With 39 seconds remaining on the clock, Webb crossed it ahead to brother Shon and he drilled the shot for the final 4-1 Pagosa margin.

The Pirates played again without regular junior offensive midfielder Chris Baum, still recovering from torn ligaments, and without senior midfielder Keegan Smith serving a mandatory miss for penalties.

The Pirates will travel to Crested Butte Friday for a 4 p.m. showdown with the only Southwest Mountain League team to beat them - a 3-2 overtime loss in Golden Peaks Stadium.

They then come back home to face Ridgway in Golden Peaks at 1 p.m. Saturday.


Scoring: 1:47, P-S. Webb PK; 38:57, P-M. Webb, assist Gill; 45:25, D-Huntstiger, assist M. Webb; 79:21, P-S. Webb, assist Gill and M. Webb. Shots on goal, D-12, P-21. Saves, D-Reutschle, 12; P-Forrest, 6, Guttierez, 1. Cards, P-Forrest, yellow.


Pirate runners get healthy as end of regular season nears

By Karl Isberg

Staff Writer

With each week, they're a little closer to the goal.

Pirate cross country runners continued to work toward peak performance, competing at the Mancos Invitational Oct. 2.

The girls' team took second place, finishing behind Bayfield. The boys were in fourth place in their field.

Both teams wait for a full roster of healthy athletes, and coach Scott Anderson believes that time could be at hand soon.

The girls returned Heather Dahm to the varsity lineup at Mancos, after a two meet absence. Dahm finished in 12th overall with a time of 22 minutes, 12 seconds. "Heather was back after being out two races," said the coach. "She ran well."

Jessica Lynch ran her second race after being absent due to injury. It was the first race in which Anderson gave the sophomore the green light to run unrestrained. Lynch was fifth in the field with a time of 21:09. "Jessica is still coming back from her injury," said Anderson, "and she performed well."

Sophomore Laurel Reinhardt stayed solid at Mancos as the Pirates' No. 2 runner. Reinhardt was third overall with a time of 19:50.

Emilie Schur was second in the field. Schur ran the Mancos course in 19:50

"I thought our girls made a solid effort," said the coach. "We're getting closer to what we want."

Four of five boys' varsity runners set personal-best records at Mancos.

Senior Otis Rand broke the 19-minute mark for the first time in his short cross country career. Rand led the way for the Pirates, taking 13th with a time of 18:54.

Riley Lynch was next up for the Pirates. Lynch was 18th in the field with a personal best of 19:11. "Riley ran an outstanding race," said Anderson.

Orion Sandoval took 28th at Mancos with a time of 19:50 and he was followed closely by Isaiah Warren, whose personal best of 19:52 put him in 29th place.

Forrest Rackham was the last Pirate to score. Rackham also set a personal-best record, finishing 51st with a time of 23:37.

"The boys did well with their fourth-place finish," said Anderson. "One of their benchmarks is Del Norte, and they got closer to them at Mancos. Overall, I'm feeling good about the team. Paul Hostetter should run with the varsity in the next meet and the team should be at full strength. So should the girls."

That next meet is tomorrow, Oct. 8, at Bloomfield N.M. The varsity girls leave the start line at 3 p.m., the boys at 3:30.

"It will be a big field," said Anderson, "another fast field. Emilie will get another look at the girl from Window Rock who beat her at Shiprock.

"I'm excited to go down to New Mexico. We'll see some fast teams and it will definitely help us get ready for the upcoming league and regional meets."

Ladies wrap up golf season with two league days, awards ceremony

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

A "beat the pro" format was featured by Pagosa Women's Golf Association for league day Sept. 21.

Thirteen ladies turned out on a very cold, windy and rainy day to match their golf skills with Pagosa Golf Club pro Alan Schutz.

The ladies persevered and won eight holes of match play with Schutz before the inclement weather canceled the rest of the match.

League winners were Loretta Campuzano, Audrey Johnson, Cherry O'Connell, Josie Hummel, Marilyn Pruter, Barbara Sanborn, Jan Kilgore, Sheila Rogers, Jane Stewart, Lynne Allison, Jody Lawrence, Sue Martin and Julie Pressley.

The association celebrated its last league day of the season Sept. 28 with a scramble, playing the Meadows and Piñon courses with a par 72.

The team of Loretta Campuzano, Nancy Chitwood and Jan Kilgore captured first place with a 72; second went to Karen Carpenter, Jane Day, Kathy Giordano and Jane Stewart at 73.

Immediately after the round, the ladies convened at the home of Barbara Sanborn for their awards luncheon and general meeting. Award winners for the season were:

- Cherry O'Donnell as most improved golfer (she went from a 21.3 to a 17 handicap);

- Cherry O'Donnell, most birdies (5);

- Sue Martin, most chip-ins (5).

There was also a "Ringer Tournament" played on the Meadows, Piñon and Ponderosa courses with a par equivalent of 107. All league members were eligible and began the tournament by posting their scores each league day for the courses they played.

Throughout the season, the participants continued to post their scores each time they improved their previous best score for each hole. Each participant's total scores for the three courses was then tallied at the end of the season.

First flight (14-24 handicap) winners were Jan Kilgore at 107 and Josie Hummel at 111;

Second flight (25-28 handicap) winners were Audrey Johnson at 126 and Loretta Campuzano at 127;

Third flight (39 and over handicap) winners were Robin Alspach at 135 and Jody Lawrence at 140.

Jan Kilgore, league president, thanked board members, tournament chairmen, league members, club pro staff and greenskeepers for a great year.


Parks & Rec

Skate park work party set Friday

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

We will host a work day Friday at the skate park on South 8th Street, with the district supplying materials to resurface the half-pipe and many of the features in the park.

We have the following volunteers coming to help out with this community event; Nate Loper (First Assembly of God Church), Cliff Lucero, Stan Martinez, and John Perea (county solid waste department), John King, and John Steinert (Juan's Mountain Sports).

We have invited students from the junior high and high school to come help, but do not know how many skate board enthusiasts will show up.

We will set up around 1 p.m., with the students coming around 2. Hot dogs and soda will be served for those staying until 4.

Anyone interested in coming and helping on this civic project, is welcome.

Hot Springs Boulevard

By now you have probably noticed the sod installed between the sidewalks and Hot Springs Boulevard. This is part of road, sidewalk and utility upgrades extending from the Chamber of Commerce Visitor Center to the community center.

The parks department has assisted Kenny Levine, Steve Graham, Kent Lord and The Springs maintenance department in trying to landscape one of Pagosa's busiest streets.

When all is said and done, Hot Springs Boulevard will look awesome.

This project was part of a Colorado Department of Transportation project headed by Davis Engineering Service Inc.

Basketball sign-ups

We will have 7- 8-year-old basketball sign-up sheets at Town Hall Oct. 11-22. Cost for this program is $20 per child, with second child $10.

Anyone registering after Oct. 22, will be put on a waiting list.

Practices are tentatively scheduled for Oct. 25-30 with games to begin on or around Nov. 1.

We are always in need of sponsorship to help pay for our programs, if you wish to sponsor a team, the cost is $150. You can find out more information by calling Myles Gabel at 264-5151, Ext. 232.


Jim Miller and crew have been busy repairing water lines on the new raw water feed, mowing and doing daily fall maintenance.

Their plates are full and we are hoping for some dry, warm weather around Oct. 18 when we blow out the water lines and close all public restrooms - except the Bell Tower Park facility which is geothermally heated for year-round access.


Playtime has morphed into a digital wonderland for kids

By Myles Gabel

SUN Columnist

"What's the matter with kids today?

"Says market-research guru Ted Klauber: Their lives are so busy, so structured, and so infused with digital technology that they have no time for fun.

"When Klauber started this project, he had no initial hypothesis - only a commitment to exploring an infrequently asked question: How is digital technology (and the lifestyle issues that go along with it) affecting young children's "sense of fun, play, and thinking"? After conducting 40 in-depth workshops with kids (ages 6 to 11) and their parents, Klauber arrived at answers that are both refreshing and alarming.

"'When I was a kid, I'd roam around on my blue Schwinn for hours. These kids have daily to-do lists. Some of them have only 20 minutes of free time a day.' The obsession among parents with efficiency and productivity has trickled down to even the youngest of kids.

"Playtime has morphed into what Klauber calls a 'digital wonderland - a fast-moving, goal-oriented zone that affords "little time for aimless fun.' Kids today are focused on competition, on efficiency, and on results. One consequence of this development is that their imaginations are beginning to atrophy: Play is all about the destination, rather than the journey.

"'When parents talked to us about their childhoods,' Klauber says, 'they had a sense of wonderment. They remembered building forts out of pillows and blankets. They remembered making up elaborate stories. But because kids today have so little free time, and because they're always surrounded by media, they don't explore what's off the beaten path. They want their fun to be quick and easy. The art of being bored is lost.'

"Of course, child-development experts have worried for years about the impact that television has on creativity. But Klauber's questions - and conclusions - go well beyond the standard fare. For one thing, his research focused on the impact of relatively new technologies, such as the Internet and video games. For another, he looked beyond technology to address the attitudes that are reshaping children's lives.

"Are 'play dates' - with all of their rules and structure - the best way for kids to have fun with one another? Is it necessarily a good thing that virtual technology allows kids to overcome the physical barriers that are associated with childhood? Thanks to computers and video games, Klauber says, a seven-year-old can drive a car, fight a war, or hit a 90-mile-an-hour fastball.

"Does such freedom from physical limitations produce smarter, faster kids? Or does it create what he calls "adults of all ages"? Or both?"

(Excerpted from an article by Pamela Kruger in "fast Company," Issue 37.)

Fall volleyball leagues

We need teams. Where are all the volleyball players in Pagosa Springs? Volleyball leagues are still being formed.

Put your teams together now for the upcoming season. We will be playing four-person coed for the upcoming year. Play will begin this month, so get your teams together today.

Youth soccer sponsors

The following businesses have committed to sponsor our children in our Youth Soccer League: Agape Gifts, Jann Pitcher Realty, Pagosa Custom Homes, Concrete Connection, Mud Shaver Car Wash, Brighton Custom Homes, CO Timber Ridge Ranch, BootJack Ranch, Edward Jones Investments, Design-A-Sign, M&M Drop Service, A Affordable Storage, Strohecker Asphalt and Paving and Alpine Electric.

Youth basketball

Youth Basketball for 7- and 8-year-olds only, is right around the corner. We will begin sign-ups and putting together teams directly after youth soccer season has ended.

Registration will begin Monday, Oct. 11, and will continue through Friday, Oct. 22. Play will begin in early November. Stay tuned.

Hiring referees

The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department continues to seek individuals interested in officiating soccer, basketball, volleyball and baseball. High school students may apply.

Compensation is $10-$25 per game depending on age group and experience.

For any questions or additional information concerning any of the Pagosa Springs Recreation Department Adult or Youth Sports Programs, please contact Myles Gabel, recreation supervisor at 264-4151, Ext. 232, or 946-2810 1-5 p.m. Monday through Friday.



Our institution

This week, The Pagosa Springs SUN is 95 years old. On several occasions over the years other publications were created; none lasted. The SUN remains the voice of Pagosa Country, a traditional American small-community weekly newspaper striving to tend to the needs of its readership, remaining close to home in its focus.

Our friend David Mitchell, the late publisher and editor of The SUN, had a saying: "This paper is not a business, it is an institution. We are just its caretakers." How true.

Those of us who work at The SUN are part of a succession of owners, publishers, editors, writers, salespeople and printers who have labored 95 years to fulfil as best they could the mission of the community newspaper. If we do our work well, others will someday take our places, maintain the institution, perpetuate the tradition. Doing our work well in light of the history of The SUN is something we take seriously and we are determined to surrender the institution in good condition.

A look at the morgue books, an analysis of copies of The SUN that go back to its creation, provides insights into what caretakers have shared as well as how the newspaper has changed. This is a study any reader can undertake, using files at the Sisson Library. The changing demographics and economy, the shifting concerns and fortunes of the residents of Pagosa Country are evident as the pages turn. As they will be evident to anyone who, at some time in the future, studies the pages you read today.

The papers reveal the character of the community clearly. Turn to a page from 1915, 1945, 1964, 1972, from the '80s or the '90s and you brush against the fabric of community life. There are articles about politics and business; columns illuminating diverse interests, experiences and personalities in the community - Grange reports of yesteryear, chatty gossip from outlying farm and ranch areas, news of subdivisions, stores and banks. You read about local residents marching off to wars, about club meetings and charitable activities. There are ads touting the goods and services of the time. There are birth announcements and obituaries. Some of the surnames you see in an early paper are repeated over the years. The sudden appearance of other names and their repetition signals the arrival of those who will change the course of the community. There are fires, storms, floods, epidemics, accidents. You read of marriages, anniversaries. The children of the community are there; school news is an ever-present element in the papers over the years. Churches are prominent in reports of services and social activities.

In all but the earliest days of the community The SUN has been the window through which one views Pagosa Country. We attempt every week to widen and clean that window. We do so with an able staff and input from our readers - the other key element in a successful, long-lived small town newspaper. Readers and their interests help define what this community newspaper is and what it will become. Our Letters to the Editor column is a freewheeling forum. The business community values and uses advertising to reach the consumer. Public and legal notices are printed as part of a newspaper of record. Meetings are covered, photographers chronicle the scenes and faces of the time; our staff responds to calls for coverage, to tips about stories. We work to please as many people as we can, knowing we can't satisfy everyone. We do our best to be fair. Just as our predecessors did. The window remains open and the collaboration between the publication and its readers continues.

The SUN is a enduring institution, serving an energetic community. With work, conscience and luck, the institution will survive for another 95 years.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

Walk facing traffic; it's the law

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Cramped at a desk all day, your legs aching to be limbered, you think, "right after dinner I'll take a walk."

Great idea. Great places to do just that abound in Pagosa Country.

But, officials say, there is a growing problem in the area with people walking the wrong side of the street or - in fact - out in the roadway in areas where there are no sidewalks.

Stay on the sidewalks or designated trails as much as possible. When you must walk in a roadway because there are no sidewalks available, the law says pedestrian traffic must walk toward the oncoming vehicular traffic.

Thus, if you're walking on Snowball Road, for example, and you're heading out of town from where sidewalks end adjacent to the Forest Service headquarters, you should be walking on the left side of the road. The theory is that if you are facing traffic, drivers will be more likely to see you. Coming back to town, you'd walk the opposite side of the road, against oncoming traffic - always on the left.

There are some areas where it is really unsafe to walk - or bicycle - for that matter. One of the worst is Piedra Road where there are relatively small shoulders, heavy traffic, and little room to escape if you see you're about to be hit.

Substantial shoulders exist in loops from town on heavily-used highways 160 and 84 and they provide good areas for both pedestrian and bicycle traffic to stay out of the main traffic lanes. There are minor exceptions, but they can be overcome and good six-plus-mile circular routes out of town and back can be found.

For example, U.S. 160 to U.S. 84 and then toward Chama until you reach County 119 (Light Plant Road). Turn there and come back to town along that path through the Mill Creek drainage, past the old light plant site, along the Catchpole Farm property and you'll soon find yourself back at the Town Hall and community center where the sidewalks resume.

Another fine route and one a little more taxing is up Put Hill to Pizza Hut, north a block and then loop back through Pagosa Hills eventually coming out on Cemetery Road north of the cemetery itself. About half of that route is on graveled streets, but there's much less traffic.

Either route is a very stimulating walk for almost anyone who needs to get the wind in their face, the stresses of the day out of mind, and the muscles flexing again.

Or, if you don't want to worry about traffic, utilize the fine trail system right downtown on Reservoir Hill. Trails are marked and trailheads have signs detailing the length and difficulty of each route.

A little common caution is necessary in some highway locations where shoulders narrow for a few feet because of road curvature.

Absolutely never, I mean never, walk down the middle of any road in the area where there is likely to be traffic. That's an open invitation to be hit because drivers from either direction have no idea where you'll go when they attempt to pass.

The specific law can be found in CRS-42-4-805, Subsection 1. Please don't become an injury statistic because you "didn't know."



90 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era files of Oct. 9, 1914

If you should happen to meet seven wandering "kids," telephone Geo. Ford.

Billy Black is widening grades and fixing bridges between Washington Flat and Arboles.

Everybody remembers the successful term of John Q. Vermillion as principal of Pagosa's high school - he's the democratic candidate for superintendent of schools. Put an X after his name on the ticket. The man counts - not politics - and John Q. Vermillion is a bully good fellow — even if he is a preacher - and being a democrat redeems all.

A new row of seats was placed in the second grade room this week. This gives ample accommodation for all the pupils enrolled and is a welcome improvement.

 75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Oct. 11, 1929

Work of preparing the Montroy building for the new Piggly-Wiggly store is progressing rapidly, but the opening of the new establishment will be delayed for a few days.

With the dedication of Durango's new airport to begin tomorrow, planes above Pagosa are getting to be a daily occurrence. A Curtis-Robin arrived at noon today from Durango and landed at the McCartney Ranch, just east of town. It is engaged in making sight-seeing flights with local passengers this afternoon and will return to Durango tonight.

The Women's Civic Club is making preparations for the annual Halloween party, which will be at the Carlsbad Hall on the evening of the 31st.

 50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Oct. 8, 1954

Mr. and Mrs. John Lynn, proprietors of the Spring Resort, announced this week that the Pagosa Hot Spring and surrounding property had been bought by two Gallup men. Mr. Lynn said that the transaction called for the sale of the hot spring and twenty acres surrounding it. This would take in property bounded by the river and Park Street, reaching 150 feet south of the spring.

It is Lynn's understanding that the new owners of the property plan on making the property into a first-class health resort and vacation headquarters. The development of this property would be a great boon to the town and would cause a great deal of growth and would certainly be a big help in the winter months when business is slack.

 25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of Oct. 11, 1979

The name "Golden Peaks Stadium" has been selected by the local sports booster club as the name for the football stadium in South Pagosa Springs. A sign has been erected at the scoreboard with the new name, which seems highly appropriate at this time of the year.

The first of three big game seasons opens here Saturday. Local game wardens say that game is fairly plentiful, especially elk, but that hunters will have a difficult time finding them because of dry conditions. Ranchers and sportsmen say that they have not seen the usual amount of deer this summer, and that it will take hard work to find the big game.

The area is extremely dry, fire danger is extreme and officials urge great caution with any kind of fire.


Life & land in photos of Pagosa Country

John Taylor shares his art & his ideas

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

John Taylor has been taking pictures all his life.

And taking them in Pagosa Country.

He remembers riding around the Upper Piedra in a horse and wagon, even being dumped out of the wagon. He remembers chopping ice from the river for an ice house. And when the land around Lake Hatcher was nothing more than a winter camp for cattle.

Nearly everywhere he went he carried a camera. Looking for pattern. Color. Landscape. Interesting shots of his favorite mountain - Toner - named after his grandfather.

"I've worn out the lugs where the neck straps attach to the camera," he said, during a recent public presentation sponsored by the Forest Service. Despite rain clouds, a small group gathered at the Middle Fork Trailhead to hear from Taylor, who has also sponsored a photograph workshop at his ranch.

Phyllis Decker, of the Forest Service, took the blame for the lack of sunshine, and after swapping stories for awhile, the group abandoned the idea of photographing fall colors - the original intent - and traveled back to Taylor's ranch on the Upper Piedra to get a glimpse of his slide show of pictures spanning at least two decades.

"I'm not a technical photographer," he said. "I enjoy taking pictures. As I take new ones, I go back through and pick out the ones I don't like and keep going. It's just been fun."

He started with a box camera when he was young. Black and white only. Made his own case so he could carry it around and then glued a yellow filter on the front to improve the look of black and white.

He moved up to a Kodak 35 with a range finder. He got out of photography after returning from World War II and then picked it up again once the photography club started having an annual contest, "even though I don't like some of the winners," he said.

He continues to focus on landscapes, at times adding in a horse and rider somewhere in the shadows. He also likes close-ups of leaves, mushrooms, flowers. Things that fill the frame. He often uses roads, fence posts, even streams as S-curves and leading lines, taking the viewer farther into the frame. Emphasizing depth and size.

He now owns two cameras, including one that's fully automatic. Only he hardly ever uses the automatic features, preferring manual settings instead. He also likes rules he can take with him in his head instead of carrying lots of extra material.

For instance, the rule of thirds, which says that placing the center of focus for the photograph slightly off center either vertically or horizontally will make a more visually interesting photograph.

Of course, he said, later, coming across a slide of a single aspen, framed and centered in the picture, the rules, once you known them are sometimes meant to be broken.

Another photographer once told him a good rule of thumb when looking to bring both the foreground and background in focus for something like a large group of leaves is to focus about a third of the way in.

"That's something you can take with you all the time," he said.

Of course, Taylor does take a few things with him. He has the two cameras. A wide angle lens and a magnification lens. A couple of filters. A lens brush. A handkerchief for keeping the lens clean and a small umbrella. In the rain, he said, the umbrella can be used to keep the camera dry. In the sunshine, it can be used equally effectively to reduce glare.

"Get equipment as good as you can afford, but don't buy something you're not going to use," he said.

A tripod is also handy. Or a fence or rock - almost anything that can help keep the camera steady. Horses, Taylor said, don't work well.

"I've found they fidget too much," he said.

He takes the camera almost everywhere he goes and also plans trips specifically to take pictures at certain times of the year - including a recent trip to the Rio Grande.

"I consider myself fortunate to have lived here so long," Taylor said. "The great colors don't occur every year. I don't know why that is."

After a good area is located, he suggests "working" it fairly hard and using lots of film.

"I look for patterns, colors, mushrooms, plants all kinds of things," he said.

Some plants will look beautiful backlit by the sun. Others are better on a cloudy day.

He also suggests bracketing the exposures, using different aperture openings and shutter speeds to ensure the best results.

"When I first started taking pictures," he said. "I was so conservative with my film. I can't tell you how many times I've kicked myself for not taking more shots of the same scene."

He also believes in keeping some of his favorite spots a secret.

"I think photographers should protect their locations so people who come after them, or other photographers, get the thrill of exploration.

"Something else I would tell anybody taking pictures," he said, considering examples of his own flashing by on the projector, "is you never know what is going to be a favorite picture. Sometimes the ones you don't think are going to be pretty good turn out pretty special."


Pagosa's Past

Social upgrading took place

quickly in the 18th century

By John M. Motter

SUN Columnist

Pagosa Country today is an amalgamation of three cultures, Anglo, Hispanic and Native American.

For proof, just look at the place names.

Pagosa is a combination of Ute words meaning smelly water. San Juan is Spanish for Saint John. Archuleta County is named for the Hispanic senator by the name of Archuleta who pushed the legislation creating the county.

First non-Indian settlement in Archuleta County was accomplished concurrently by Anglos and Hispanics.

While it is true that Hispanics lived for centuries within a few miles of Pagosa Country, they did not settle in what became Archuleta County until the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad was built through the county circa 1880-1881. They came in with the railroads and sawmills

Nevertheless, ancestors of our local Hispanics have lived within a hundred miles or so of Pagosa Country since 1598. They were also the first non-natives to explore this area and they provided a majority of the place names.

They had their own Daniel Boone equivalents. For that reason, we have been looking at Hispanic history in this area. Our focus has been Abiquiu because it was the gateway to exploration of Pagosa Country and to a large extent all of western Colorado and Utah.

New Mexico Hispanics had a number of names denoting ethnicity and the casticismo "caste elitism" common to pre-Anglo New Mexico society.

The principal categories of castas were: Mestizos, of mixed Spanish-Indian ancestry; Coyotes in the 18th and early 19th century were children of European fathers and New Mexican mothers who might be Spanish, Indian or Mestizo. The term coyote was used so much more often than mestizo that it appears in many if not most cases to be a substitute term. Mulatos were of mixed Spanish-African ancestry, and Zambos of mixed Indian-African ancestry. An Indio was a person born into a specific tribe or pueblo and the Genízaros, regardless of tribal ancestry, were equated with the Pueblos. Nomadic Indians were identified as Gentiles. Vecinos were tithe-paying settlers of Española or casta status.

Social upgrading took place very quickly during the 18th century. Eligibility for upgrading was determined by the possession of tithable property, adherence to the Catholic faith and by behaving like fellow colonials.

Trade was important in the lower Chama River Valley. By the time of the 1776 Dominguez-Escalante trek into Utah, Abiquiu had become the chief center of trade with the Utes and hosted an annual trade fair.

Genízaros who spoke Ute were valued. Many of them had probably been raised in Ute homes. Most of this trade was unauthorized and required a confidential understanding between the trading parties. The Hispanic traders depended on guides who spoke Ute and knew Ute trading practices.

The Muníz brothers may have been Ute captives before coming to Ojo Caliente. In the 18th century, Utes were rarely taken into captivity in the Chama valley but did capture children from related bands of Great Basin Indians to trade with the settlers. Only in the mid-19th century, under pressure from United States troops did they begin to hand over their own children to Hispanos to raise in their homes.

Andre Muníz must have been fluent in Ute and familiar with Ute geography, because he accompanied the expedition of Juan María de Rivera to Gunnison in 1765. After the Dominguez-Escalante expedition in 1776, he continued operating on his own as a trader to the Utes until 1805.

Another Genízaro who won status as a vecino was Manuel Mestas. For years he served the Abiquiu settlers as interpreter in their parleys with the Utes. In the 1789 census of Abiquiu, he was enumerated as a Genízaro. Several other Genízaros of the same surname, including Guadalupe Mestas married to "José el Apache," were also listed.

Manual Mestas was recommended in 1805 for the usual interpreter's pay by the governor. On a month-long trip to the Timpanagos Utes (near Provo, Utah), the 70-year-old Mestas had recovered a number of stolen horses by parleying with the Utes, thus avoiding bloodshed. Three years later, the old man was a land owner at La Cuchilla.

More next week on the history of our Hispanic forefathers. Information concerning these Hispanics has been taken from "Pobladores," written by Frances Leon Quintana.



Date High Low Precipitation

Type Depth Moisture











































Rainfall boosts season averages, more expected

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Is Pagosa Country pulling out of its drought nose-dive?

Not yet, according to the latest drought classifications issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which continue to describe Archuleta County as being in a "moderate drought."

However, recent rainfall totals and ever-whitening mountain peaks suggest the region may be on the verge of earning a more favorable classification from the USDA - "abnormally dry."

For example, area rainfall for the month of September amounted to 4.36 inches, well over the month's historical average of 2.06 inches.

Likewise, rain totals the first week of October equalled 2.02 inches, only seventeen-hundredths of an inch shy of the month's average rainfall total of 2.19 inches.

Though year-to-date totals are still slightly below average, such amounts are beginning to offset the modest monsoon rainfall experienced in July and August.

And after a two-day hiatus today and Friday, additional moisture is expected in the coming week.

According to the latest forecasts provided by the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction, mostly-sunny skies and highs in the 55-65 range are in today's forecast, along with evening lows in the 30s.

Friday calls for more of the same, with highs predicted in the 60s and lows again expected to fall to around freezing.

Then the chance for rain enters the weekend forecast, as Saturday and Sunday are expected to bring increasing clouds, a 30- to 40-percent chance for showers or thunderstorms, highs near 60 and lows in the 30s.

The forecasts for Monday and Tuesday include a 30-percent chance for widespread showers, highs in the upper 50s to mid-60s and lows in the upper 20s.

Wednesday should bring a return to clear skies but cooler conditions, with highs forecast in the 50s and lows predicted to drop below freezing.

The average high temperature recorded last week in Pagosa Springs was 60 degrees. The average low was 34. Moisture totals amounted to 2.02 inches.

The Pagosa Ranger District rates the area fire danger as "low."

For updates on current fire danger and federal fire restrictions, call the Pagosa Ranger District office at 264-2268.

San Juan River flow through town ranged from a low of about 210 cubic feet per second to a high of approximately 430 cubic feet per second last week.

The river's historic median flow for the week of Oct. 7 is roughly 90 cubic feet per second.