July 29, 2004 
Front Page

'Superstore' bids will face 6-month town moratorium

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Big boxes - retail stores over 18,000 square feet in this case - will have to wait.

In an unanimous vote, with one council member absent, the Pagosa Springs Town Council enacted an emergency ordinance Tuesday night "suspending the processing of applications for retail 'superstores' for a period of six months."

The goal, according to the ordinance, is to give the council and the community time to study appropriate locations, infrastructure requirements, criteria for regulation, impact fees and options for providing affordable housing. The ordinance specifically excludes the suspension of permits for food stores. Instead it focuses on buildings used "principally for the purpose of retail sales and marketing."

"At this point we just want to have the time to address all the impacts," Town Administrator Mark Garcia said.

The council's vote came after almost an hour of public comment - most of which advocated keeping superstores out of Pagosa Springs.

David Brown, a founding member of the Mayor's Council for the Future of Pagosa Springs formed in February, said with current movement in the area real estate market, the time is ripe for such an ordinance.

"We will be permitted the time to think about this and plan for it rather than just letting it happen," he said. "It will give us time to focus on what we want the retail community to be. I am concerned for the local merchant, the local people, and I feel this allows us vital time for a thoughtful and careful look at where we want to be."

Local business owner Bob Goodman, said big box stores would make Pagosa "like everywhere else." People, he said, so many times come into his store and say how unique Pagosa is and how it reminds them of where they grew up. With big boxes, that would be lost.

Radine Downey, another local business owner, echoed that statement. "In Best Western's market research on our guests, overwhelmingly they want the flavor they can no longer get in the cities - the small stores, restaurants and galleries they can't have in the places they come from," she said.

"We came here 32 years ago because we hoped there would never be a WalMart," resident Kerry Dermody said. She, and several others, also encouraged the council to try to get the county involved in the discussion so that the town's efforts don't simply push the superstores outside its boundaries leaving them on its doorstep.

"I guarantee you, it will be discussed," Archuleta County Commissioner Mamie Lynch said a little later.

Bill Dawson, yet another local business owner, said the economic impacts of such a business must also be carefully considered.

"I'm amazed at how many people from Pagosa Springs I see in Durango," he said, suggesting that the council find some way to determine how much money flows out of the community to such supercenters today.

Kathy Keyes, a local business owner, is working with town staff to put together a task force with people on all sides of the issue to collect information, determine the options and make a recommendation to the council. She proposed the following mission statement for the group, which she named the "Pagosa Springs Alliance for Responsible Growth."

"In response to growth pressures in the community, this task force will research the potential impacts of big box retail development in Pagosa Springs. With input from all segments of our community, the task force will formulate suggestions for a town ordinance on big box retail development."

Proposed members for the task force include: Cappy White, Kirsten Skeehan, Ann Bubb, David Spitler, Jerry Venn, Claudia Smith, Terry Smith, Lee Riley, Angie Dahm, Teddy Finney, Rod Dunmyre, Lori Unger, J.R. Ford, Bill Downey, Karen Cox and a member of the council. The list remains preliminary and must be confirmed by the town council. The council's next meeting is set for Wednesday, Aug. 4, at 5 p.m. in Town Hall.


Dead bird in Pagosa Lakes area infected with West Nile

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

A raven found dead last week in the Pagosa Lakes area has tested positive for West Nile Virus.

According to Joe Fowler, an epidemiologist with the Durango office of the San Juan Basin Health Department, blood tests completed Friday confirmed the bird's infection, marking the first verified case of West Nile in southwest Colorado this year.

The carcass of a similarly infected bird was discovered in neighboring La Plata County the next day.

West Nile is no stranger to Archuleta County, occurrences of the potentially-fatal virus were verified in the local equine population last year, and 14 human infections were reported in La Plata County.

However, no human cases were confirmed within county limits in 2003 and, to date, the county is without a verifiable human case this year.

But many health officials feel the question of at least one county resident testing positive for West Nile this summer is probably not one of "if," but "when."

"We're a little surprised, maybe, that we haven't seen more evidence of West Nile in the area up to this point," said Fowler.

"But unfortunately, we expect to see more signs in the coming months," he added.

Expected to have a greater effect on the state this year than it did in 2003, when 2,947 human cases resulted in 63 deaths, West Nile was off to a relatively slow start this summer - just four human infections as of June 25.

But the virus began to make headlines in the succeeding weeks and by July 25, the statewide total for human cases had risen to 36.

"It makes sense, because we're just now getting into what we consider the peak season for West Nile," said Fowler. "And it's a good time for everybody to remember the precautions needed in order to minimize the risk of exposure.

"This (case) may be the area's first confirmation, but it certainly won't be the last," he concluded.


State and federal health officials maintain the only way for humans to contract West Nile is to be bitten by an infected Culex tarsalis mosquito.

Though vaccinations available from local veterinarians can protect horses against life-threatening illness resulting from the disease, similar safeguards do not currently exist for humans.

While nothing guarantees people living near mosquito habitat will not be bitten, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment recommends the following measures to lessen chances of contracting West Nile Virus:

- Apply insect repellent to exposed skin when outside. Repellents containing DEET are effective, but should be applied sparingly. (Products with 10 percent DEET or less are recommended for children).

- Limit outside activity around dawn and dusk, when mosquitos feed; this is particularly important for elderly adults and small children.

- Wear protective clothing such as lightweight long pants and long-sleeve shirts when outside.

- Make sure that doors and windows have tight-fitting screens. Repair or replace screens that have tears or holes.

- Drain all standing water on your property, no matter how small the amount.

- Stock permanent ponds or fountains with fish that eat mosquito larvae. Change water in birdbaths or wading pools and empty flowerpot saucers of standing water at least once a week.

- Check around faucets and air conditioner units and repair leaks or puddles that remain for several days.

- Make sure roof gutters drain properly and remove any standing water under or around structures or on flat roofs.

- Remove items that could collect water such as buckets, empty cans and food and beverage containers.

- Eliminate seepage and standing water from cisterns, cesspools, septic tanks and animal watering tanks.

- To prevent standing water in lawns and gardens, avoid over-watering.


According to the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, most people who are infected with West Nile Virus never exhibit symptoms or become ill.

For those who do become ill, symptoms usually occur 5-15 days after becoming infected and include fever, headache, body aches and occasionally skin rashes and swollen lymph nodes.

In serious cases, the disease can progress and cause encephalitis and/or meningitis. Symptoms associated with these more severe conditions include persistent headaches, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, tremors, muscle weakness and convulsions.

Persons with severe symptoms should seek medical attention immediately.

In horses, symptoms of West Nile Virus include fever, stumbling, lack of coordination, weakness of limbs and/or partial paralysis. Persons who believe their animals are infected with West Nile should consult with a veterinarian to determine if blood tests are needed.

Bird testing

Residents wishing to submit dead birds for West Nile Virus testing should consider the following guidelines:

- Testing is restricted to birds that have died in the last 48 hours and are members of the corvid family including: ravens, crows, magpies and jays (stellar, blue, gray, western scrub and piñon).

- Stiff or maggot-infested birds cannot be tested.

- Call the San Juan Basin Health Department at 264-2409 to report a bird fitting the above description and for further instructions on submitting birds.

More information on West Nile Virus can be found on the following Web sites: www.sjbhd.org, www.fightthebitecolorado.com and http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile.


Weapons play role in three incidents

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Two cases of shots fired and one investigation of a suicidal survivalist who had over 20 guns in a tent near Fourmile Road kept local law enforcement officers busy this week.

According to Pagosa Springs Police Department reports, a woman fired two shots at her husband July 22 during a verbal dispute in a home on Lewis Street.

Detective Scott Maxwell said and officer was dispatched to the scene after Mary Lewis, 51, called 9-1-1 around midnight to report she had fired at her husband.

According to the reports, Lewis and her husband, William, 50, had gotten into an argument at a local bar. The disagreement continued at home and, at one point, Mary Lewis apparently picked up a .38 caliber revolver and fired at her husband in the couple's bedroom in an attempt to get his attention.

A little while later, she called police. Both of the Lewises were arrested without incident. Mary was charged with felony menacing and domestic violence. William was charged with possession of marijuana.

Two days later, also around midnight, Archuleta County Sheriff's deputies responded to a disturbance call in the Vista Subdivision to find one shot had been fired into a residence following an argument between neighbors.

Sheriff's Department Detective George Daniels said two brothers were arguing on Bonanza Street when a neighbor came out and yelled at them to be quiet.

One of the brothers ran up to the neighbor "who became concerned for his own safety," Daniels said. The neighbor apparently produced a .44 Magnum pistol and struck the man over the head. The force of the blow knocked the gun from his hand. It was reportedly picked up by the other brother who then fired a shot into the neighbor's trailer, hitting a freezer.

Both brothers were arrested. Terry Richmond, 21, was charged with attempted murder. Brandon Richmond, 22, is being charged as an accessory.

Deputies removed more than 20 guns Monday from a camp about two miles off County Road 400 and took one man into custody for a mental evaluation after a suicide note was found in a pickup truck near the road.

Detective T.J. Fitzwater said neighbors called dispatch to report suspicious activity. A man had been seen in the area over several weeks, then seemed to disappear for several days. The first deputy on-scene found a suicide note in the vehicle along with indications the man might be armed.

Three members of the Archuleta County Sheriff's Department and one member of Upper San Juan Search and Rescue began a detailed search of the area about 5 p.m. The man was found sleeping in a tent and surrendered peacefully. An investigation of the site uncovered more than 20 weapons, including assault rifles, several different kinds of handguns, a compound bow and several thousand rounds of ammunition.

For public safety reasons, Fitzwater said, deputies removed the weapons and ammunition from the campsite with the help of six volunteers and three horses. Further investigation also produced body armor, gas masks and smoke grenades.

During interviews with police, the unidentified 38-year-old man said he came to Pagosa Springs to commit suicide following a DUI arrest, bringing most of his possessions and a labrador named Clem with him. Because of the dog, and some other factors, he had been unable to follow through with his suicide plan.

Fitzwater said the man was not charged with any crimes and had no prior criminal history. A missing persons report was filed on him July 6 in his home state after a suicide note was found on his computer.

"He will probably be released sometime tomorrow," Fitzwater said Tuesday. However, the guns will remain at the sheriff's department until an investigation into their legality and permits is complete.

"If he is in legal possession of the guns, they can and will be returned," Fitzwater said.


Key permit received for Stevens Reservoir expansion project

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District board of directors learned this week a key permit necessary for continuation of the Stevens Reservoir enlargement project has been granted.

During Tuesday's board session, Carrie Campbell, district general manager, informed directors approval of a long-anticipated Army Corps of Engineers 404 permit was recently finalized.

"Granted, there are a lot of conditions written into the permit, as we expected," said Campbell. "But this is a huge development."

According to Campbell, the district will now begin to pursue land appraisals related to forthcoming negotiations with surrounding property owners.

In addition, necessary wetlands mitigation is expected to be complete by late fall, said Campbell, and Durango-based Harris Engineering is in the process of inking a timeline that will clarify the project's future development schedule.

Meanwhile, preliminary work regarding geotechnical engineering, hydrology studies and design of the reservoir dam are continuing.

Initial studies began in early March after the district received an opinion from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service indicating a favorable assessment of the district's plans to enlarge Stevens.

According to Mike Davis of Davis Engineering Service Inc., the firm hired to oversee the studies, "The meat of the geotechnical report should be complete by the end of August, if not sooner, and ready to turn in to the state."

The Stevens project, which is estimated at about $4.4 million, is a main component of a slate of pending capital projects funded by $10.35 million in general obligation bonds approved by district voters during the 2002 General Election.

For more information on district events, updates and operations, visit the district Web site at www.pawsd.org.

Lake levels

According to the latest readings provided by Art Holloman, district superintendent, district reservoirs were at the following levels early this week:

- Lake Hatcher - 30 inches below spillway

- Stevens Reservoir - five inches below spillway

- Lake Pagosa - five inches below spillway

- Lake Forest - 13 inches below spillway

- Village Lake - 42 inches below spillway.

 Inside The Sun

Genealogical society will host authority on Civil War

The Civil War and its role in genealogical research will be the topic at the 2 p.m. meeting Sunday, Aug. 8, of the Archuleta County Genealogical Society.

The meeting will be at the Sisson Library.

Guest speaker Jim Davenport, of Cortez, will be dressed in uniform to present guidelines for researching your Civil War ancestors.

A member of Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW), Thomas E. Bowman Camp No. 12 of Durango, Davenport is junior vice commander of the Department of Colorado and Wyoming and is department grave registration officer.

Newcomers and teen-agers are especially encouraged to attend as are those just starting work on their family tree.


Petitioners ask PAWS to consider new lake policies

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Is Village Lake the "ugly stepsister" nobody wants to talk about?

The question arose during this week's meeting of the board of directors of the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District in which the board was presented a petition requesting policy initiatives to improve the aesthetics of the lake.

Over a dozen area residents attended Tuesday night's session in support of the petition, which contains 133 signatures of citizens who apparently feel the district should do more to maintain the lake at a higher level. (The minimum lake level for Village, established last year, is set at 60 inches below spillway. The lake is currently 42 inches below spillway.)

Specifically, the petition requests that policies be adopted that allow district lakes and reservoirs "to be considered in an equitable manner," policies that "protect the integrity and water quality of all four lakes in question."

Presumably, the "four lakes in question" are Village, Lake Hatcher, Lake Pagosa and Lake Forest. A fifth body of water, Stevens Reservoir, is also managed by the district.

Acknowledging the concerns of petition supporters, "The district is currently looking at the possibility for setting additional lake levels," said Carrie Campbell, district general manager.

But district priorities, said Campbell, have always centered on the ability to supply adequate drinking water - a notion she, current and previous board members have made known during several meetings involving discussion of Village Lake in the past two years.

Village Lake, however, is not utilized for domestic water supply, but for raw-water irrigation purposes.

To that effect, "Historically, the district has focused on keeping the upper lakes as full as possible to meet demand," said Campbell. "And the level of Village has fluctuated depending on irrigation."

In reply, "We don't want to be looked at historically, anymore," said Patti Bailey, petition presenter. "We want you to take a new look at it."

Others who support the petition stated they feel lower lake levels, specifically those of Village, serve to drive away tourists and vacationers who come to the area to recreate, while negatively affecting permanent residents and adjacent property owners as well.

While indicating she empathizes with such concerns, Karen Wessels, board chairman, reiterated the position that domestic use will continue to be the district's main priority.

"I think we all agree we'd like to have all the lakes full all the time," said Wessels. "But domestic water supply comes first, and we cannot give priority or special consideration to one lake over another."

Engineering and water quality studies, said Wessels, show water in Village "is not of such quality that the district would use it for their purification and distribution system."

Furthermore, "We have to remember we're talking about what's best for the entire district here," added board member Windsor Chacey.

The costs involved with pumping water into the lakes to maintain higher levels would have to be shared across the district, said Chacey, "and I don't think that's something the rest of the customers would want to consider right now."

In response, one attendee questioned why none of the "other customers" attend meetings regularly to address such issues, and at one point asked "why you should consider these nameless, faceless people over us?"

"Because they would have to pay for what you're asking for," replied board member Bob Huff.

In further discussion, petition supporters indicated none of their arguments is meant to polarize the community. Nor do supporters want to be viewed, they said, as a special interest group or "the ugly stepsister."

"We just want you to consider treating all of these lakes equally," explained one attendee.

In the end, board member Don Brinks summarized majority sentiment, stating, "If it's feasible, I think we'll try to do our best to bring the lake levels up a little bit."

"But this drought doesn't play by the rules," added Huff. "And you have to understand, whenever we hit our minimum-storage levels, there are no guarantees."


Special grant will brighten lives of 47,000 seniors

More than 47,000 senior citizens on the Western Slope of Colorado are targets for healthier life styles thanks to an award granted to Western Slope Senior Energy Summit by Caring for Colorado Foundation.

The Summit's goal is to help older adults live healthier, more independent and satisfying lives. Obtaining that goal is the focus of the two-year program planned to start in October.

The Summit will invest the first year $40,000 award for the education of senior volunteers from Western Slope senior communities.

At an Oct. 19-21 training session in Montrose, the volunteers will learn from professionals how to effectively guide seniors toward healthier lives, focusing on nutrition, physical activity and mental health. Community members will discuss how volunteering can help seniors as well as their communities.

The volunteers, to be known as "health promoters," will return to their communities equipped with the latest knowledge and materials, and motivated to ensure healthier living styles for Western Slope seniors. Recruiting for health promoters is underway and second-year funding is anticipated.


Hohrein received $30,000 in school suit settlement

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The settlement agreement reached July 1 between Errol Hohrein, Archuleta School District 50 Joint and Superintendent D. Duane Noggle, resulted in Hohrein receiving a $30,000 payment.

Hohrein, a former school district maintenance helper, had sued the district and Noggle for illegal termination, had identified apparent laxity in the department and cited illegal use of school equipment and time for personal projects.

Under the final agreement, the school district agreed to amend its records to reflect that Hohrein's employment with the school district terminated on April 29, 2003, as a result of a layoff.

This removes any indication of him having been fired.

Hohrein, as a part of that stipulation, agreed he will not seek reemployment or become reemployed by the school district.

The district agreed to provide a neutral reference with regard to Hohrein's employment, so long as he directs any prospective employer to Robyn Bennett, school district administrative secretary, or her successor. The reference shall consist of a statement of Hohrein's position, dates of employment and ending salary.

The district also agreed to provide Hohrein a letter of recommendation from Noggle which contains a positive statement regarding the worker's technical skills in performance of maintenance-related assignments.

The district also agreed to provide Hohrein a statement addressing some of his concerns with the school board's handling of his complaints regarding management of the maintenance department.

Both the district and Hohrein agreed they will not disparage one another with regard to circumstances surrounding the complainant's employment with the school district or the lawsuit.

Both parties agree not to sue one another or charge one another in any court or agency regarding the released claims.

Both sides agreed that nothing in the agreement and exhibits thereto or actions by any party to the action can be taken as an admission of liability in any respect.

While the agreement was not finalized until July 1, it was initially signed June 9 by Noggle, June 21 by Hohrein and a Notary Public, June 28 by Hohrein's counsel and July 1 by a representative of the school district's legal counsel, Semple, Miller, Mooney and Farrington of Denver.


Town council hears smoking survey results

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Seventy percent of 101 people surveyed about their views regarding smoking restrictions in public places said, if given the choice, they "would prefer to eat at a smokefree restaurant over one that allowed smoking."

That was one of many results Char Day, tobacco prevention program manager for San Juan Basin Health, reported to the town council Tuesday at a special meeting.

Eighty-eight percent of respondents also said they believe secondhand smoke harms the health of adults, children and babies. Seventy-nine percent of respondents agreed city and county governments have a responsibility to protect the health of their citizens.

About 55 percent of respondents agreed local governments should "adopt an ordinance making all enclosed public places smokefree."

When asked, "Do you agree that all public places and workplaces, including restaurants and bars in Pagosa Springs should be 100-percent smokefree?," 63 percent agreed on some level. However, when asked, "Should smoking be prohibited in Pagosa Springs bars?" 52 percent disagreed. Sixty-nine percent agreed smoking should be prohibited in restaurants.

The survey was done by telephone using random numbers including both the 264 and 731 prefixes. Thirty respondents lived in the city. Seventy-one were county residents. About 23 percent of those surveyed were smokers. Day said the percentage of smokers was slightly under the national average, and slightly above the state average which hangs at about 18 1/2 percent.

Mayor Ross Aragon said the council will set a date sometime in the future to discuss direction on the issue. The council has been considering a draft smoking ban for several months.


Primary election lineup set for county voters

For those who might, just might, not know, there is a primary election scheduled Aug. 10.

The election will be in the lawful polling places designated for each precinct and the polls will be open 7 a.m.-7 p.m. The precinct for all absentee/early voting is the county clerk's office in the courthouse building in downtown Pagosa Springs.

Application for absentee ballots can be made there and ballots returned there. Early voting will be in the same office 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Monday through Friday.

For those who may not be aware, the following offices are on the ballot:

U.S. Senator

Candidates are Bob Schaffer and Pete Coors for the Republican nomination and Mike Miles and Ken Salazar for the Democratic nomination.

Regent of the University of Colorado at Large:

Steve Bosley, Republican and Democrats Wally Stealey and Jim Martin.

Representative to the 109th United States Congress from Congressional District 3:

Greg Walcher, Matt Smith, Dan Corsentino, Gregg P. Rippy and Matt Aljanich vie for the Republican nomination; John Salazar is uncontested for the Democratic nod.

State Representative, 59th District

Mark Larson unopposed on Republican ballot; no Democratic candidate

District Attorney, 6th Judicial District:

Craig Stephen Westberg on the Republican slate; no Democratic candidate.

Archuleta County Commissioner, District 1:

William J. Downey, the incumbent, and Robin J. Shiro, for the Republican nomination; no Democratic candidate

Archuleta County Commissioner District 2:

Alden Ecker, the incumbent, and Rhonda "Ronnie" Zaday for the Republican nomination; no Democratic candidate.

Winners in these races will represent their parties on the ballot for the general election Nov. 2.


Views vary as commissioner

candidates go to the forum

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Road maintenance, growth issues and visions of what the years ahead might hold for future generations of Pagosa Country.

Such were the main topics of discussion as the four Republican candidates competing for two seats on the Archuleta County Board of Commissioners addressed area voters during this week's primary election forum.

The event was organized and sponsored by the League of Women Voters of Archuleta County and presented to an Extension building crowd of over 100.

Participating Monday night were incumbent commissioners Bill Downey and Alden Ecker, as well as challengers Robin Schiro and Ronnie Zaday.

Downey and Schiro are vying for the right to continue the race for the District 1 board seat, and whoever garners the most votes during the Aug. 10 primary election will then battle independent candidate Nan Rowe in the months leading up to the Nov. 2 general election.

Ecker and Zaday are competing for the District 2 slot, and since there is no independent or Democratic candidate registered to challenge for the seat, whoever wins the Aug. 10 primary election will begin serving a four-year term as commissioner from District 2 in January.

Each candidate was given four minutes for introductory statements, one-minute limits to respond to questions from the public, then one minute for closing statements. Speaking order was chosen at random, with Downey getting the first nod.

After thanking those in attendance for the opportunity to present his views, Downey stated his qualifications for county commissioner can be summed up in five words: integrity, commitment, judgment, experience and stability.

All of these traits, said Downey, have been demonstrated during his 30-year involvement in community-based organizations and local law enforcement efforts.

Downey cited a 26-year career with the Pagosa division of the Colorado State Patrol and former service on the boards of directors of the Upper San Juan Hospital District and Pagosa Fire Protection District as examples, as well as membership in numerous other local and regional organizations.

His 37-year marriage and service on the board of commissioners for the past six years, said Downey, further illustrate his dedication to his list of five ideals.

As commissioner, Downey said he makes it a habit to always recognize "that one board is just that - one board member."

In conclusion, "These are the attributes necessary to successfully serve as a county commissioner," said Downey. "Bill Downey has them all."

Next to speak was Schiro, who likewise expressed gratitude for the chance to inform voters before indicating her motivation for running for commissioner is based mainly on the principle of supply and demand.

Schiro, a Colorado-licensed engineer who also holds a master's of business administration in management, stated she feels there is currently a demand for a commissioner with road and engineering experience, and added that another of her beliefs "is that there needs to be a change in management and leadership."

Schiro said her highest priority as commissioner would be roads, adding she is often referred to as the "road warrior."

In addition, Schiro stated she feels the notion of a mill levy increase aimed at road maintenance is "an election ploy," a concept intentionally designed to fail.

"Other counties don't do it; we don't need to do it," said Schiro, indicating there are other means for achieving maintenance goals and that mill levies regarding road maintenance in Colorado have a track record of failure.

Other issues listed by Schiro included county budget concerns, the need for increased teamwork and camaraderie among staff and her desire to pursue the establishment of additional recreational facilities.

A final concern addressed by Schiro was law enforcement. Schiro stated if she were elected commissioner she would "make sure we give them the funding they need."

Ecker spoke next and, after thanking all involved with the organization of the forum, indicated he "hit the ground running" after being elected to the board in 2000.

"I feel like I've gone to school for the last, nearly-four years," stated Ecker, adding that during his time as commissioner he has helped "bring Archuleta County into the 21st century."

Ecker, a 26-year resident of the county, listed ongoing implementation of policies in the Community Plan and progress on the evolving Archuleta County Development Code as recent highlights of his tenure as commissioner.

The importance of the county airport as an economic catalyst for the community and his intent to make the airport an entirely self-sustaining entity were other issues addressed by Ecker.

With respect to the road issue, Ecker stated population growth, a rise in the number of new roads and stagnant maintenance revenues have created "an impasse" requiring investigation of new solutions.

In the case of a related mill levy increase, said Ecker, "Everybody would pay the same (taxes), and everybody would get their roads taken care of."

Lastly, Ecker stated he believes further progress can be made on the road issue through close, county partnerships with the town of Pagosa Springs and the Colorado Department of Transportation.

Final expressions of thanks to forum organizers and opening remarks were given by Zaday, who told attendees after residing in the Midwest and West Coast, she has decided, "This is where I want to be."

Leadership, said Zaday, is the trait she feels dominates her character, which she explained is one focused on "how to get things done."

More than anything, "We need accountability," said Zaday, indicating she feels detailed itemizations of the county budget and road maintenance schedules, among other things, would aid public understanding of what happens at the local government level on a day-to-day basis.

"Communication is key," added Zaday, who was appointed by the current board to the Citizens Task Force, is currently cochair of Aspen Springs Community Pride and serves on the Aspen Springs Water Advisory Committee.

Zaday said she feels public involvement should play a heavy role in the development of new policies, and indicated she favors the creation of advisory committees and "mastermind groups" to tackle specific issues.

Zaday ended her comments by stating she recently asked several county employees, "Who do you work for?" and was given answers such as "the county administrator" and "the board," among others.

"I'm sorry," she concluded, "but I believe they work for you and me ... the citizens."

A lengthy question-and-answer session followed, and one question from an audience member asked for candidates' opinions regarding what they believe "is the role of a county commissioner."

To set policy, make decisions and try to "take care of all the problems of Archuleta County," answered Ecker, the first to respond.

"That's a big order," concluded Ecker, but one that can be achieved by "working together with fellow commissioners" and county department heads.

"To represent the people first," responded Zaday, adding that leadership and the capability to solve problems are also essential to the role of commissioner.

Commissioners should also strive to ensure the local government runs "like clockwork," said Zaday, thereby avoiding "a fire to put out" every day. "But most of all, to look to the future," she concluded.

Setting policy, establishing regulations and serving as a judicial board when land-use issues arise were all components of Downey's response.

A further requirement, concluded Downey, is the ability "to assemble teams capable of developing the sorts of plans ... needed for dealing with future growth."

"To listen to constituents," answered Schiro, and to develop long-term plans and policies, including those associated with controlled growth.

A key goal for any commissioner, said Schiro, should be to avoid too much "micro-managing" and "to use human resources and funding appropriately for all."

Another question from the audience requested candidate input regarding how to balance future economic development with quality of life and environmental issues.

"I definitely believe we need to have environmental issues addressed," replied Schiro, adding she feels comprehensive plans for trails, wetlands and open space are a must.

Plenty of state and federal assistance - funding, for example - is available, said Schiro, to ensure "we do it the right way" when attempting to balance growth and preservation.

In his response, Downey stated he believes the current development of new "zoning" regulations "are on track" to meet many growth-versus-preservation goals.

In addition, Downey said he prefers the notion of "incentives" over "requirements" when considering related policies, and strongly believes in "a great deal of encouragement toward conservation easements" and open space.

"I have to go back to the airport," replied Ecker, reiterating that he views the airport as "a very, very strong tool for economical development."

On the environmental side, Ecker said he would like to pursue a new county recycling program and establish a recycling facility, as well as a park, on the vacant parcel of county-owned property adjacent to the Ruby Sisson Library on U.S. 160.

Zaday's answer included mention of "clean businesses" that produce revenue based on travel, recreation and tourism while minimally impacting the area's natural resources.

Zaday added she would like to see more "e-businesses" and work-from-home types of employment opportunities to "keep our small community working together for our environment."

After numerous other questions regarding topics such as ethics, the need for expanded jail facilities, local health care and the potential for "big box" development in the area, the candidates gave closing statements.

Speaking first, Zaday invited anyone with further questions to call her and conveyed hope all who attended the forum are now more familiar with her.

Stating she brings leadership to the table and "the energy to energize the community," Zaday concluded with quotations from Abraham Lincoln, indicating she especially believes in a particular passage in which Lincoln states, "Public sentiment is everything."

Ecker's closing remarks followed, and included mention of "a lot left to be done."

To "try to rectify any past mistakes" and to "plan for a better Archuleta County into the future" were further components of Ecker's statements, which ended with a pledge to maintain an open-door policy and "to stay in touch with the public that brought us here."

Schiro began her close with an open invitation to anyone seeking more information on her candidacy to contact her, and thanked the crowd for attending.

As well as a great county environment, "I know together we can have good roads, a clear budget ... Pagosa quality of life and necessary funding for our law enforcement," she concluded.

Downey began his closing remarks by indicating he believes scenarios leading to "the political battles" of the past are highly unlikely in the coming years, given the current direction of the county.

Downey concluded by citing the quality of personnel currently employed by the county, stating he believes teams have been assembled that can achieve "whatever needs to be accomplished" with respect to future goals.

For more information on each of the four Republican candidates participating in the Aug. 10 primary election, refer to the special section in the July 22 issue of The SUN entitled "Election Tracker."

Election tips

Early voting for the 2004 primary election begins Friday, July 30 with the Archuleta County Clerk's office the only early/absentee voting precinct.

Office hours for voting are 8 a.m.-4 p.m. through Aug. 6.

The office is on the ground floor of the county courthouse at 449 San Juan St. If you have questions call 264-8350.

The same law that applies at regular voting places applies also to early/absentee voting. You will need to show ID before being allowed a ballot. Acceptable IDs include:

- a current and valid Colorado driver's license;

- a current and valid Colorado Department of Revenue issued identification card;

- a current and valid United States passport;

- a current and valid employee identification card with a photograph of the eligible voter issued by any branch, department, agency or entity of the United States government or of this state or by any county, municipality, board authority or other political subdivision of this state;

- a current and valid pilot's license issued by the Federal Aviation Administration or other authorized agency of the United States;

- a current and valid United States military identification card with a photograph of the eligible voter;

- a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that shows the name and address of the elector;

- a current Medicaid or Medicare card.

You will not be able to pick up a ballot for someone else but will be allowed to carry out your absentee ballot if you wish. Absentee ballots will be sealed in envelopes and not opened until election night.

Early voting works the same as a polling place. You will vote your ballot and drop it in the ballot box. It is not possible to obtain any early voting totals. They are not available until election night.

If you show up to vote without ID at any polling place, you will have to vote a provisional ballot. You will need to fill out the application on the envelope, vote the ballot and insert it in the envelope. These ballots will not be counted until the information on the applications can be verified the day after the election. It will help all election judges and voters if you will remember to take your ID to your polling place.


Survey shows state water can fill needs until 2030

State water providers have identified nearly enough water to meet the state's increased demand through 2030.

According to a study commissioned by the Colorado Water Conservation Board (CWCB), current and planned water projects and management options will supply approximately 90 percent of the additional 630,000 acre-feet per year of water the state will need in 2030.

"This is clearly good news," said Rick Brown of the CWCB, "but it is important to recognize the likelihood that not all of these options will move forward. We will therefore need to continue monitoring the progress of these projects as part of the ongoing implementation of the Statewide Water Supply Initiative (SWSI) so we can better understand how these options may impact current and long-term water use."

The SWSI found that local water providers are pursuing a wide variety of options to meet future demand. These include structural solutions such as water transfers, enlargement and re-operation of facilities, and construction of new facilities. Other non-structural options such as conservation and water reuse are in the works.

"It is imperative that these projects and solutions are implemented, as they will go a long way toward meeting the state's long-term water needs," said Keith Catlin, chair of the CWCB. "However, without collaboration among water providers, water users, various interest groups, and elected officials, many of these projects will be at risk."

The SWSI has also found that there are approximately 68,000 acre-feet of municipal and industrial demand for which there currently are no firm plans developed. This unmet demand is spread across all of Colorado's eight water basins, but it is greatest in the South Platte and Arkansas Basins, which supply most growing Front Range communities with water. Smaller, rural domestic water suppliers and agricultural water users will also be especially challenged, as many lack the financial or planning resources of larger water providers.

"Meeting Colorado's long-term water need is a serious challenge facing our state," said Brown. "The SWSI is now turning our attention to exploring options for closing the remaining gap in demand so all Coloradans will have sufficient water supplies for the future."

Increased municipal demand from an expected 2.8 million new residents in Colorado by 2030 is a large factor in creating this shortfall between supply and demand, but the need is also increasing among agricultural, recreational, environmental and industrial users.

Working with local water providers, the SWSI conducted an inventory of all the water projects and solutions that are being pursued at the local level. Examples of some of the projects include:

- Colorado Springs' Southern Delivery System;

- Denver's north system improvements;

- Northern Colorado Water Conservancy District's Windy Gap and Northern Integrated Supply Plan (NISP);

- greater utilization of Ruedi and Wolford mountain reservoirs in the Colorado River drainage; and

- enlargement of Elkhead Reservoir in the Yampa Basin.

For a complete list of projects, go to www.cwcb.state.co.us.

The SWSI team will discuss options for addressing this unmet future demand at its fourth and final round of meetings across the state in August and September. These meetings will include both a working session and a public discussion session, and the public will be strongly encouraged to attend. The dates, times and locations of these meetings will be announced in the coming weeks, and will also be available on the SWSI link at www.cwcb.state.co.us.

As part of the state's effort to prepare for its future water needs by better management of its water resources, the SWSI was initiated in August 2003. Through the SWSI &endash;for the first time in its history &endash;Colorado is conducting a forward-looking supply and demand analysis, and will recommend a method for identifying solutions to meet current and future needs for water. The 18-month intensive process is perhaps the most inclusive and public in Colorado's water history.

The SWSI's mission is to create a common understanding of Colorado's water issues by incorporating the perspectives and input of all Coloradans, bringing together diverse interests of citizens, agriculture, industry, the environment, recreation and municipalities.


Town planning survey now online for all

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

A Community Planning Survey for residents of Pagosa Country is now online.

As part of the Town of Pagosa Springs' current efforts to develop a vision of its future, the town has hired Angela Atkinson, a local business owner, and Christ Cares, principal of PRC Associates, a research and planning firm in Boulder, to lead a pair of surveys.

The first is an intercept survey, meant to glean a random sample of opinions on the town, its economics, strengths and weaknesses from visitors and residents. Respondents are asked to complete a 3-5 minutes survey and then asked if they would be willing to participate in a longer, follow-up survey.

Those willing to complete the follow-up survey are directed to the Community Planning Survey which is also open to any volunteer respondents. Responses from those who were randomly selected and the volunteers will be compared to assure an accurate cross section of the community is represented in the results.

The Community Planning Survey asks respondents to outline shopping and spending habits and opinions on downtown architecture, retail stores, restaurants, commercial development, big box stores and master planning issues. A short, confidential section on background is also required.

Atkinson said survey results will be used to:

- gather visitor information to refine marketing strategies for the community as a whole;

- assist Hart Howerton, a consulting firm hired by the Mayor's Council for the Future of Pagosa Springs, in designing a master plan for downtown;

- prioritize capital improvements;

- gauge attitudes toward "big box" stores;

- and established baseline economic data for future economic studies, among other things.

To fill out a copy of the community survey, go to www.townof pagosasprings.com or pick up a paper version at Sisson Library or Town Hall. The deadline for returning the surveys is Aug. 2. Paper versions can be mailed back to PRC Associates, P.O. Box 3997, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147.


Local student nominated for two academies

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Christopher Nobles of Pagosa Springs has been nominated to both the U.S. Naval Academy and the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy.

He was notified of the honor earlier this month by U.S. Rep. Scott McInnis.

Nobles, son of Bill and Cindy Nobles of Pagosa Springs, also recently returned from summer sessions at both the Naval Academy and the U.S. Coast Guard Academy.

At the latter school, he was one of only 500 selected from a field of nearly 5,000 applicants for the program in New London, Conn.

Earlier, he was one of 600 participating, by invitation, in Section 1 of the Naval Academy Summer Seminar in Annapolis, Md.

The Pagosa Springs High School senior to be, swims for the Durango High School swim team and competed in state championships last school year.

McInnis urged Nobles to continue "to apply yourself to your studies and extracurricular activities as this nomination is only one step toward your goal of acceptance into a service academy ... your academy standing and personal achievements will play a critical role in realizing that dream and continued dedication and perseverance is vital to achieving overall success."


Forest Service, BLM lifting fire restrictions

Fire restrictions on the San Juan National Forest and San Juan Field Office-Bureau of Land Management lands in southwestern Colorado will be lifted Friday, July 30, thanks to widespread rains in the past week.

"When things dry out again, we will undoubtedly see some additional fires, but moisture should keep these fires relatively small and with the really hot days behind us and the arrival of the monsoons, we should be past the worst threat," said Mark Lauer, fire management officer for the Forest Service and BLM.

Firefighters have been kept busy this year putting out lightning strikes.

Most of these fires have just been single trees, but they are often in difficult-to-reach areas.

Of the 250 fires in southwestern Colorado this year, 11 were human caused. Natural starts that were suppressed have burned approximately 250 acres, while human-caused fires have burned 65 acres. Wildland fire use fires, which are naturally caused fires that are allowed to burn to meet resource objectives, have burned about 560 acres.

Since some lower-elevation areas have received only moderate amounts of rain, fire officials urge visitors to the backcountry to be cognizant of their surroundings and use fire with caution, especially in areas with dead piñon pine. The following safety tips are encouraged:

- Always put out campfires completely every time you leave camp. Pour water on the ashes and stir until there is no smoke and ashes are cool to the touch.

- Dispose of cigarette butts in an ashtray or other appropriate container.

- Make sure chain saws have working spark arresters, and carry water, a shovel, and fire extinguisher when cutting firewood.

- Park your vehicle in areas cleared of vegetation, not over dry grasses.

The moister conditions will allow fire managers to look at the use of fire to aid in hazardous fuels reduction opportunities. "We will be looking at all lightning-caused starts for possibilities as wildland fire use fires and we'll also be checking to see if conditions are right to complete some of our prescribed burn projects as soon as the rains slow down," said Lauer.

Of the 12,000 acres of prescribed burning planned for this year, about 3,600 acres have been completed.

Other interagency cooperators (Mesa Verde National Park, Southern Ute, and Ute Mountain Ute) are looking at lifting their fire restrictions this week.

For more information, contact the San Juan Public Lands Center at (970) 247-4874 or the Forest Service office in Pagosa Springs.


TARA Treasure Trail event is

slated Aug. 7

The eleventh annual TARA Treasure Trail will be held 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Saturday, Aug. 7, from Allison to Arboles, with various stops in between.

Look for TARA flags along the route and you will find games, food, arts and crafts, yard sales and a flea market. There will be a silent auction at the TARA center, 333 Milton Lane in Arboles, concluding at 8 p.m.

A family dinner will start 6:30 p.m. in the TARA Center with costs set at $3 per person, $5 per couple or $7 per family. There will be a horseshoe-throwing contest during the evening.

Proceeds help support TARA community activities. Anyone wishing to make a donation may send it to TARA, PO Box 1853 Arboles, CO 81121.

For more information call Cathy Seibel at 883-5334 or Marilyn Jesmer at 883-5380.


Sportsmans club lists final fall

shooting dates

The Upper San Juan Sportsmans club has announced the sporting clay shooting schedule for the remainder of the 2004 season.

Shoots will be held Aug. 1 and 22, Sept. 12 and 26, and, weather permitting, Oct. 10 and 24.

Shoots are held at a location 1.2 miles south of the fairgrounds, just off U.S. 84.

Look for "Shoot Today" sign at green gate on left side of road. Annie Oakley begins at noon and sporting clays at 1 p.m. All levels of shooters, as well as beginners, are invited.

For more information call 264- 2660 or 731-2295.


Town Council sets next regular meeting for Aug. 4

The August meeting of the Pagosa Springs Town Council , originally set for 5 p.m. Aug. 3, has been postponed and rescheduled for 5 p.m. Aug. 4.

The Town Council meets in chambers at Town Hall on Hot Springs Boulevard.


Galles cutting horse championships are scheduled here Aug. 4-13

By Cindy Plate

Special to The PREVIEW

Get ready Pagosa, the Cutters are coming.

Pagosa Springs will once again be home to over 1,000 western horse enthusiasts during the second annual UBS Galles Rocky Mountain Championship, Aug. 4-13.

The event is sanctioned by the National Cutting Horse Association and is one of the largest aged cutting events in the United States. Cutters, owners and trainers will travel to Pagosa Springs from all over the world to attend the event, including from Germany, Canada and all regions of the United States.

The event is hosted by the Galles Ranch in Pagosa Springs and was conceived by fellow cutter and ranch owner, Rick Galles.

"We are extremely excited to host the second annual UBS Galles Rocky Mountain Championship," said Galles. "It not only provides us with a way to contribute to our local economy, it is attractive for participants because it takes them away from the hot climate of Texas and into the cool Rocky Mountains. In fact, many of them end up vacationing here with their families before and after the event because there aren't many places in this country that rival the beauty and climate of Pagosa."

In compliance with the county's efforts to ensure participant safety and to protect of the environment around the ranch, the event is a non-spectator event and passes are required for entry. Although locals will not be able to attend the event, the town of Pagosa is sure to benefit, as over 1,000 event participants descend on hotels, restaurants and retail stores over a 10-day period.

Bob Goodman, owner of Goodman's Department Store, in downtown Pagosa Springs, is looking forward to an increase of business during the event.

"The Cutting Event is wonderful for both the town of Pagosa and Goodman's," said Goodman. "Our business has already seen the benefit from the cutting clinics held at the Galles Ranch and we are looking forward to the business the UBS Galles Rocky Mountain Championship will bring to us in August."

This year the participants in the event will have more money to spend in town, as the prize money has risen since last year to $250,000 in added money, one of the largest purses for a cutting event in the United States.

"The participants put an incredible amount of time and effort into preparing for these competitions," said Galles. "We are excited that our relationship with our title sponsor, UBS, has enabled us to provide a prize package that will reward them for all of their hard work. It is going to be a great show."

The Galles Ranch also plays host to the Galles-Harrel 5 star Cutting Clinics in Pagosa Springs from June through September.


Journalist, publisher to moderate Unitarian panel on commitment

The Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship service topic Sunday, Aug. 1 will be "How I Am A Unitarian."

Journalist and former publisher Mike Greene will moderate a panel discussion on the experiences of individual members relative to their Unitarian Universalist commitment. The panel presentation will be followed by a discussion period with the congregation in personalized considerations of the guiding precepts of Unitarian Universalists.

Although Unitarian Universalists have no creed, they do covenant to affirm and promote these principles: "The inherent worth and dignity of every person; justice, equity, and compassion in human relations; acceptance of one another and encouragement to spiritual growth in our congregations; a free and responsible search for truth and meaning; the right of conscience and the use of the democratic process within our congregations and in society at large; the goal of world community with peace, liberty, and justice for all; respect for the interdependent web of all existence of which we are a part."

The service and the children's program will begin at 10:30 a.m. in the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Hall in Pagosa Lakes. The address is: Unit 15, Greenbriar Plaza, which is on Greenbriar Drive, off North Pagosa Boulevard. Unit 15 is on the east (back) side of the commercial plaza. Turn east on Greenbriar Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big sign. All are welcome.


28 earn GED certificates at Ed Center

By Livia Cloman Lynch

Special to The PREVIEW

Archuleta County Education Center held its first annual GED graduation celebration July 23 at Community United Methodist Church. Over 70 community members gathered to honor and celebrate the success of the 28 2003-04 graduates.

This year's graduates were Micaela Bell, Kiva Belt, Drew Brown, Christopher Coonce, Jennie Cotton, Luke Erdman, Brandon Frank, Kenneth Hodges, Nathan Hoffman, Jonathan Jackson, Ronald Jiura, Jonathon Jackson, Jeremy Judd, Tyler Lutsic, Allie McBride, Jeremiah Mussman, Eric Peterson, Joey Romero, Elizabeth Smith, Michael Smith, Shyamala Smith, Tammy Sullivan, James Thames, Joseph Trujillo, Andrew Vining, Becky Waddell, Cherryl Wall and Kaylin Willis.

Sherry Waner, a local banker and treasurer of the Archuleta County Education Center board of directors, had words of encouragement for the graduates during her commencement address.

Wally Lankford, GED coordinator, also spoke to members of the group, congratulating each of them on their hard work and success at earning their degree.

Cynthia Sharp, president of the Archuleta County Education Center board of directors, presented certificates of achievement to the graduates. Each graduate also received a medallion provided by the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club and presented by Rotarian Waner.

Local pianist John Graves, vice president of the board of directors, provided the music for the evening. Jeff Laydon, local photographer and another director, served as the official photographer for the event.

For more information about the Adult Education program at the Archuleta County Education Center, call 264-2835. Volunteer GED tutors are currently needed. The center is at 4th and Lewis streets, downtown Pagosa Springs.


Jean Macht Taylor is Fair Lady 2004

The Archuleta County Fair board is honored to present Jean Macht Taylor as Fair Lady of 2004 for her longtime participation and support of the county fair and 4-H program.

Jean belonged to the first 4-H Club organized in the county at the Bayles School west of town in 1952.

Jean regularly exhibited steers, horses and heifers, presented food projects, leathercraft and forestry projects and was involved in livestock judging and many youth leadership activities.

In 1954 she received the Outstanding 4-H Member trophy from Ruby Sisson, given by the Archuleta County Cowbelles. Jean assumed leadership of the Iliac Spruce 4-H Club May 9, 1957, and married John J. Taylor nine days later.

Jean and John were and continue to be a ranching family. They raised their children, Raymond and Becky, on the ranch and the children participated in 4-H. During this time Jean remained a 4-H leader and received the Gold Clover Pin of Leadership in 1972. While raising her children, she drove the Upper Piedra school bus on a 22-mile route and worked in the school shop, moving later to the high school library.

Since their active 4-H days, Jean and John continued to participate in the local fair by exhibiting in field crop, flower and photography categories. Jean is a current member of the San Juan Historical Society because of her interest in her family's rich history, extending back into the late 1800s to her mother's and father's families and her husband's family, which homesteaded in Archuleta and La Plata and Hinsdale counties.

Jean's county fair legacy is equally as deep. Her father, Ray Macht, founded the Archuleta County Fair in 1951, was awarded its Western Heritage Award in 1999 and the 2003 county fair was dedicated to his memory. Jean's mother, Genelle Salabar Macht, was awarded Fair Lady in 1992 and both Ray and Genelle received 25-year 4-H leadership pins for their work and support. Jean's husband, John, was honored with the Western Heritage Award in 1997.

Members of the fair board are thrilled to honor a woman who upholds the western family traditions which are the foundation of this county, and who so generously devoted her time and talents to the 4-H program and the county fair.


Carl Macht chosen for Western Heritage Award

The Archuleta County Fair Board is honoring a top-notch citizen whose life reflects the past and the kind of man it took to win the West.

Carl Macht is a man who exemplifies the western history of which this county is a part.

Carl's parents were Ray and Genelle Macht, so Carl was born into a 4-H lifestyle. In 1952, at age 5, he showed a fat steer at the county fair but was not allowed to compete because of his age.

Over the years he participated in a wide array of projects, including foods, beef fattening, horses, heifers, woodworking and leadership. He was elected president of the Silver Spruce 4-H Club in 1959 (with 20 members) and in 1960 won the beef fattening award given by Archuleta County Cowbelles.

In 1963 Carl was master of ceremonies at the 4-H banquet and won the championship at the Colorado State Fair with his handmade gun cabinet, accompanied by the furniture making project book.

Square dancing competition within 4-H was a big activity and Carl, with the group, regularly competed in Durango, Fort Collins and at the annual state 4-H conference. The dancers also entertained at many regional and local events.

After college, Carl returned to Pagosa Springs and made a home on the Macht family ranch where he still lives with his wife Gloria and where they raised their son, Karn.

Carl was on the fair board from 1973-84 and was president in 1984. He and Gloria spent many years doing things for the fair and 4-H program, including being superintendents and 4-H leaders.

For the past decade, Carl has been the county coroner. His other affiliations include becoming a member of the Upper San Juan Land Protection (now Southwest Land Alliance) in 1982, over 25 years with Upper San Juan EMT Association and a long history with the county's search and rescue team.

Carl has served the community for over 35 years and has been a tremendous supporter of the fair and 4-H. His long, productive involvement in the community has demonstrated his spirit and genuine support for the people and activities in the county.


Fair's super superintendent award goes to Eugenia Hinger

Eugenia Hinger is being recognized for her tireless and committed work for the benefit of exhibitors in the open class events at the Archuleta County Fair.

The 2004 fair is Eugenia's fifth as superintendent of the Quilting Department. She originally got involved when her daughter-in-law, Anita, was a member of the fair board and who asked Eugenia to be a superintendent, as she had just retired from teaching.

Eugenia has been stitching since she was a girl and her grandmother taught her to embroider when she was 8 years old. She keeps some project going all the time.

Born in Emporia, Kan., she also spent childhood years in Ft. Madison, Iowa and Amarillo, Texas. She graduated West Texas State University and married Craig Hinger in 1967. Craig had purchased the Bruce Spruce Ranch east of Pagosa Springs in 1966.

In the late 1960s Craig and Eugenia made Bruce Spruce Ranch and Pagosa Springs their home and raised sons Chris and Rusty here. The boys never got involved with 4-H, as they were "a scouting family, tried and true." This is best exhibited by the fact Chris, Rusty and their dad each earned the Eagle Scout rank.

Eugenia and Craig are now enjoying their retirement years and spending time with their three grandchildren who live in Pagosa Springs. Eugenia also enjoys scrapbooking and volunteering at Carenet.

Eugenia has great memories of the recent fairs and loves working with quilting judges and learning so much about the craft.

Being at the fair also gives her an opportunity to give back to the community and see and visit with so many of the county residents.

Fair organizers want to recognize the effort Eugenia puts forth to make the fair more interesting and well-rounded and putting her talents to work by organizing the department, registering entrants and hanging all those beautiful works of art.


County fair dedicated to Peggy Seavy Jacobson

To the Memory of a Great

Friend of the Fair


Peggy Ann Seavy Jacobson

May 6, 1939 - Jan. 1, 2004

This year's fair is dedicated to the memory and many contributions of Peggy Ann Seavy Jacobson.

She was a true native of Pagosa Springs as her family arrived here in 1876. She was born and raised on a ranch nine miles west of town. Except for college and her retirement years, she lived in Pagosa Springs all of her life.

Peggy was a charter member of the Rocky Mountain 4-H Club, which was the first club in Archuleta County. She was a 10-year member of 4-H, a 4-H leader for 25 years and each of her four children were active in the organization.

The fair board established the Super Superintendent Award to honor Peggy who had been involved in the fair for 43 years, many of those as a superintendent. Her favorite departments to superintend were clothing and home furnishings.

For her passion, dedication and lengthy involvement with 4-H, the county fair and the community honored her again in 1997 as Fair Lady.

Peggy was most well known for her love for and service to the U.S. Forest Service where she was he visitor information specialist for 25 years. Her additional volunteer works were numerous and include coordinating the local school science and engineering fair. She was on the board of Pagosa Springs Enterprises and member of Pagosa Rebekah Lodge No. 134, San Juan Volunteer Association and National Firefighting Team.

Her mother, Ann Alice Seavy was the cofounder (with Verda Kimball) of the Archuleta County 4-H Program in 1948 and was also honored as Fair Lady - in 2002.

Peggy was a woman who devoted her life to her family, the U.S. Forest Service and the community and residents of Pagosa Springs. All who knew her will remember and respect her for her work and the example she set as a dedicated member of the western family traditions of Archuleta County.




Placid Mystery Creek reveals its riches in wake of sudden rain

By Chuck McGuire

SUN Columnist

A steady upstream breeze had suddenly ceased, and the ghostly-still air, now much cooler, held a slight scent of rain. The morning had been bright and warm, but the sun was gone, replaced by dark cumulus, as I rested on a fallen snag beneath a towering ponderosa. The ravens and magpies, once rowdy in their scuffle for rations, had seemingly settled, and abruptly fell silent. With no audible drone through the pine boughs above, nor a flutter of movement in the oft-quaking aspens nearby, I listened intently for a moment, but heard only the faint roar of distant rapids. It was the calm before a great storm.

The fishing was slow, and I'd worked hard for the few trout taken. Only an occasional rise kept me casting dry flies to the otherwise placid pools of Mystery Creek. No doubt, the heavy caddis and mayfly hatches of the evening before had provided a good feast, or perhaps, the bright sun and rising water temperature had made the fish lethargic and reluctant to feed. Regardless, a change in river conditions now appeared imminent, and it was time for reassessment.

As I sat mulling my options, a slight rumble in the distance confirmed what I'd suspected for the better part of an hour. Thunder meant lightning and the likelihood of a storm, which of course, could produce high winds and heavy rain.

With the mid-summer monsoon in full swing, afternoon thunderstorms were always a possibility, and I was prepared. As always, I informed my wife where I'd be fishing, and suggested a time when I planned to return. I packed a good lunch and two bottles of water, stuffed a rain jacket in the back of my vest, and donned a full-brimmed hat. Since staying dry is essential to staying warm, I wore breathable waist-high waders, which not only protect against cold water or wet weather, but significantly reduce perspiration over a lengthy hike under the hot summer sun.

Mystery Creek stems from a number of springs and tiny rivulets high on the western slope of the south San Juan Mountains. As a relatively small freestone stream, it flows southwesterly through miles of subalpine and montane forests, and eventually gains enough volume to become a main tributary to the San Juan River of southern Colorado. Except during spring runoff or after heavy summer rains, its low flows are barely sufficient for sustaining average populations of wild brown trout. But even if its fishing isn't particularly outstanding, its untouched scenery and relative isolation generally are.

After an apple and a good swig of water, I walked to the south bank of a long shallow riffle, where the crystal-clear current spilled over polished rocks and the shale of Mystery's narrow streambed. There, I noticed a few Baetis duns, or Blue-winged Olives, rising off the water, as the sky grew steadily darker above the creek's upper reaches, and the rumbling of thunder became louder and more frequent with the approaching squall. The once-prominent peaks of the eastern horizon had seemingly vanished, and were now completely obscured by torrential rains drenching their western flanks.

Meanwhile, there was movement again, as the willows and Mountain Alder lining the creek swayed in what began as a gentle downstream breeze, but soon rose to a series of strong gusts rolling over the mixed aspen and pine forests beyond. Large drops began pelting my hat, and as I reached for my rain jacket, a bright flash and loud clap of thunder sent me searching for cover from the perilous skies above.

For the moment, I ducked under a thick clump of willows, where my jacket and hat provided sufficient protection from the increasing rain. But within minutes, lightning flashed repeatedly, followed almost immediately by deafening cracks of thunder. It was close, and even with steep slopes and high forested terrain on either side of the stream, I was, more or less, in the open and quite vulnerable. That's when I noticed an overhanging rock outcrop on the far bank, 50 yards upstream.

The rain came in torrents, sometimes sideways in the wind, as I crossed the channel and scrambled through dense brush toward the overhang. Once there, I crawled beneath it and sat on a flat rock not far from, and just above, the water's edge. The space inside was only a few feet high, but it was probably eight feet wide and roughly five feet deep. The "roof" above was solid rock, and aside from a few seeps, offered excellent shelter from the hazards outside.

It appeared the storm would last several minutes at least, so I pulled off my vest and placed it on a boulder close by. I hadn't given it much thought until then, but to my relief, a quick review of my digs revealed just one other inhabitant, a small spider clinging to its web. With little else to do for a time, I grabbed a sandwich and some water from my vest, enjoyed lunch, and watched the deluge raging a short distance away.

Half an hour passed before the rain decreased to a light shower. The wind laid down, the lightning and thunder gradually moved off to a neighboring arroyo, and all the while, the stream color (and level) had not changed appreciably.

However, as I crept from my haven to the outside world, I noticed several more Baetis coming off the creek's surface, as I'd seen at the riffle before. I knew inclement weather often triggered such a hatch, and this one looked promising, so I took a minute and changed to a 6X tippet and size-18 Parachute Blue-winged Olive.

I strolled upstream in search of the next pool, and the rain was little more than a sprinkle. The sky was still gray, but the worst appeared over, though I felt it certainly a matter of time before upstream runoff arrived, diminishing water clarity and further lowering its temperature, thus putting an end to the prolific hatch.

Rounding a bend, I suddenly stood at the tail of a deep emerald-green run. Some large boulders lay at its head, and several tall spruce flanked them on either side. A strong tongue of whitewater poured oxygen (and bugs) into the pool, and at least three trout were sipping Baetis duns from the seam between currents.

I stepped into position and cast to the fish furthest downstream, but the fly fell short and drifted unscathed. On my second attempt the fly hit the mark, and a scrappy brown trout of about eight inches sipped it in. Once hooked, it shot upstream to the head of the run, before yielding to the pressure from my hand. After its release, the pool fell quiet, and I saw not another visible rise.

The afternoon weather eventually cleared, and with the hour growing late, I moved on to just one more run. As hatches do, this one came and went, and with nothing hatching and nothing rising, the next spot appeared deserted. Nevertheless, I moved into position for a few final casts, when I noticed the flow had taken on some color.

With fading confidence, I threw a haphazard cast to the head of the pool. The fly drifted for a moment, then abruptly disappeared in a not-so-subtle swirl. In an instant, I felt the weight of a decent fish, when it suddenly cleared the surface by several inches. I caught only a glimpse, but to my surprise, I was into a fat and sassy rainbow.

A few minutes more, and my prize lay shimmering in hand. And, not only was it a colorful and plump 14-incher, it was the first rainbow I'd ever seen in Mystery Creek. As I turned for home, I thought to myself what a fitting end to an eventful day.


Leftover big game license sale Aug. 10

As in years past, Colorado's leftover big game licenses from the 2004 drawing will go on sale Aug. 10 on a first-come first-served basis.

Colorado license buyers will enjoy the added convenience this year of being able to purchase these licenses beginning at 9 a.m. at all license agents throughout the state.

"In the past those who wanted to buy a leftover license had to stand in long lines at Division of Wildlife offices," said Henrietta Turner, license administrator manager for the DOW. "This year, our customers will have the convenience of going to their local sporting goods store or any other retailer that sells Colorado licenses and purchase them. This new effort in customer service is expected to save people a lot of time and effort."

The list of licenses that were not sold during this year's draw can be found on the DOW's Web site at http://wildlife.state.co.us/leftoverlicenses/.

Those who plan to purchase leftover licenses through license agents should have the list of leftover licenses with them, a list of hunt codes for the licenses in which they are interested, their Social Security Number, and proof of their residency and hunter education when they arrive at the store. This will help this process run efficiently as possible.

"The more people are prepared, the easier it will be for both the license agents and our customers," Turner said.

Customers need to be aware that some license agents may have business hours that do not coincide with the beginning of the sale at 9 a.m.

The DOW is urging license buyers to use license agents to purchase leftover licenses if at all possible, but nonresidents and those who will absolutely not have access to license agents or DOW offices on Aug. 10 will still have the opportunity to buy leftover licenses on the day of the sale. This can be done by mailing in a leftover license purchase form. A printable copy of the form will also be available at http://wildlife.state.co.us/leftoverlicenses/.

They are also available by calling the DOW's customer service center at (303) 297-1192 and requesting a form be faxed. Forms post marked before Aug. 1 will not be accepted. Mail in forms will be opened beginning at the same time that the leftover licenses go on sale at 9 a.m. Aug 10.


Take a walk back in time Saturday

Take a Walk Back in Time Saturday, July 31, with Gary Fairchild, archeologist, and Phyllis Decker, interpreter.

The moderate walk, about 3 12 miles round trip, will take you near a 1930s Civilian Conservation Corps camp location and to the homestead era Provancher (Murray) Ranch.

Meet at 9 a.m. at the entrance to the Blanco River Picnic Area. From Pagosa Springs, drive south about 11 miles on U.S. 84 to Blanco River Road (656), then turn east and follow the gravel road about 2.5 miles to its end. Come prepared for a walk in the woods, bring water and a camera.

That evening, join Phyllis Decker for a program on the history of wilderness preservation and the wildland treasures we have in our backyard. The peaks of the Weminuche Wilderness will provide the backdrop for a recognition of the 40th anniversary of the Wilderness Act.

Meet at 7:45 p.m at Teal Boat Ramp adjacent to Williams Creek Reservoir. Bring a chair and flashlight and dress warmly for this outdoor program. Allow about 45 minutes for the scenic drive from Pagosa Springs out Piedra Road to Williams Creek Road and the reservoir.

Both of these programs are sponsored by San Juan National Forest. These programs and more can be found on the Interpretive Alliance Calendars, posted throughout town and on a brochure available at the Pagosa Ranger District Office at the corner of 2nd and Pagosa Streets. They are also listed on the Web at www.fs.fed.us/r2/sanjuan/education.

For additional information contact the Pagosa Ranger District at 264-2268.


Military preference for hunting license available

In 2003 the Colorado Wildlife Commission approved action to allow members of the U.S. Armed Forces who were unable to comply with the 2003 big game application deadline due to the conflict in Iraq to receive a preference point and the opportunity to purchase leftover licenses prior to the public sale.

This opportunity will remain available for the 2004 big game seasons.

The military preference was created because many armed services members have been unable to apply in time for the big game license draws due to their obligation over seas. The commission decided last year that armed services members' commitment to serve should not deter from their hunting privileges in Colorado.

Any service member will be allowed to apply for and receive a preference point for each big game species. In addition, they will be allowed to purchase a leftover license prior to the public sale on Aug. 10. Military personnel will have to show evidence they were on active duty outside of the continental United States at or near the time of the 2004 big game deadline.

There will be two applications available for those who qualify. One application will be to receive a preference point. There will be a $3 fee for applying for a point. The second application will allow those who qualify to purchase leftover licenses prior to the public sale. Both will be available on the DOW Web site at: http://wildlife.state.co.us/leftoverlicenses/ and atDOW offices.


New Federal Duck Stamps are now on sale

The 2004-2005 Migratory Waterfowl Hunting and Conservation Stamp is now available at thousands of Post Offices across the nation, as well as at many sporting goods retailers, discount, and convenience stores that sell hunting licenses.

Each year, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service issues a new stamp. Ninety-eight percent of the revenue raised from the sale of each $15 stamp is used directly for habitat conservation, making the purchase of Federal Duck Stamps one of the most effective ways to contribute to waterfowl habitat in the United States.

The 2004 Federal Duck Stamp marks the 71st year of sales for the program, which has raised more than $670 million to permanently protect more than 5.2 million acres of prime wetland habitat at hundreds of National Wildlife Refuges and waterfowl protection areas across the country.

All waterfowl hunters over the age of 16 must carry a signed Federal Duck Stamp to hunt migratory waterfowl. The stamp also provides users free admission to National Wildlife Refuges where fees are charged.

Students from around the nation compete to win the Federal Junior Duck Stamp contest. The winning image is selected for the Junior Duck Stamp.

Funds raised from sales of the $5 Junior Duck Stamp provide funding for educational initiatives that teach young people the benefits of wildlife habitat conservation.

The artist for this year's Federal Duck Stamp is Scot Storm, and the Junior Duck Stamp artist is Adam Nisbett. Storm, whose dynamic painting of a pair of redhead ducks gave him his first Federal Duck Stamp Contest win last fall, is a native of Sartell, Minn. Though an architect by training, Storm decided to pursue his passion for wildlife art full-time in 1999 after winning several prestigious art competitions. Adam Nisbett, 17, is a home-schooled student from Saint James, Mo. His painting of a pair of fulvous whistling-ducks was picked from among 26,500 other entries submitted by students in kindergarten through 12th grade across the country to appear on the 2004-2005 Junior Duck Stamp.

For more information on where to purchase the new stamp, visit the Federal Duck Stamp Program's Internet site at http://duckstamps.fws.gov.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency responsible for conserving, protecting and enhancing freshwater fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.

The Service manages the 95-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System, which encompasses 544 national wildlife refuges, thousands of small wetlands and other special management areas. It also operates 69 national fish hatcheries, 64 fishery resources offices and 81 ecological services field stations. The agency enforces federal wildlife laws, administers the Endangered Species Act, manages migratory bird populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and restores wildlife habitat such as wetlands, and helps foreign and Native American tribal governments with their conservation efforts.

It also oversees the Federal Assistance program, which distributes hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment to state fish and wildlife agencies. To learn more about the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, visit www.fws.gov


Waterfowl harvest climbs during 2003-04 seasons

More than 13.4 million ducks were harvested in the United States during the 2003-2004 waterfowl hunting season, according to preliminary estimates compiled by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

In 2003 hunters harvested more than 3.8 million geese, up 13 percent from nearly 3.4 million the previous year. The Service recently released a report estimating waterfowl hunting activity, success, and harvest, by species for the 2003 U.S. waterfowl hunting season.

Duck hunters spent about 7.4 million days in the field in the 2003 migratory waterfowl hunting season, down from 7.6 million days of duck hunting during the 2002 season. Hunters spent 4.7 million days hunting geese, similar to 2002.

In the Atlantic Flyway, more than 1.6 million ducks were harvested last season, down from 1.8 million the previous year. The 743,000 geese harvested in 2003 was down from 797,000 in 2002.

In the Mississippi Flyway, nearly 6.8 million ducks were harvested, up from nearly six million in 2002. The 1.5 million geese harvested was up from 1.2 million in 2002.

In the Central Flyway, hunters bagged nearly 2.5 million ducks last season. This is down from nearly 2.6 million in 2002. The 2003 harvest of 1.1 million geese was up from 979,000 in 2002.

In the Pacific Flyway, hunters harvested a total of more than 2.4 million ducks, up from nearly 2.3 million in 2002. The number of geese harvested, nearly 440,000, was up from 362,000 the year before.

In Alaska, more than 71,000 ducks were harvested, down from nearly 75,000 in the previous season. The goose harvest at 6,900 was up from 6,000 in the previous year.

Mallards were the most prevalent duck in the bag for hunters in the U.S., with more than 5 million birds harvested last season. Other species popular among waterfowlers were green winged teal with more than 1.5 million birds harvested; gadwall with nearly 1.5 million harvested; wood duck, at more than 1.2 million harvested and blue winged teal, with nearly 1 million harvested.

Canada geese were the most prevalent goose in the bag by hunters in the United States, with nearly 2.9 million birds harvested last season.

The 1998 conservation order to expand light goose hunting is bringing the population down. According to mid-winter surveys, the population peaked in 1998 at more than 3 million birds. The population today is nearly 2.4 million birds. The biologists' target population is little more than a million birds. Light goose overpopulation has caused extensive damage in Arctic breeding areas.

The Service generates the estimates contained in this report based on surveys of selected waterfowl hunters, through the cooperative State-Federal Harvest Information Program. These surveys allow state wildlife agencies and the Service to develop estimates of the number of all migratory birds harvested throughout the country, which helps the Service establish the next hunting season and maintain healthy waterfowl populations.

The waterfowl hunter activity and harvest estimates for the 2003 hunting season are available at http://migratorybirds.fws.gov/reports/reports.html.


Backpackers beware: Food borne bacteria flourish in summer's heat

By Leigh Fortson

Special to The SUN

During this summer of high gasoline prices, the local hiking and backpacking trails are more attractive than ever.

Colorado is abundant with both mountain and prairie trails that allow quick access to the natural beauty of our state while taking it easy on your gasoline bill. If you choose to spend time on the trail, chances are you'll take some food along. Be sure to pack safe food. Backpackers and hikers need to take special care to avoid food poisoning or waterborne illnesses.

Be especially cautious during the hot days of August and September. Food poisoning is more prevalent in the summer months for a couple of reasons. First, people spend more time outdoors where bacterial and other microorganisms are naturally present in the soil, air, water and in the bodies of people and animals. Secondly, more people are cooking food outdoors, barbecuing, camping and having picnics without hand washing facilities, refrigeration and kitchen equipment. Food borne bacteria flourish during summertime's warm temperatures.

Coping with a bout of food poisoning while you are several miles or more from medical care and the comforts of home, exposed to outdoor elements, can be miserable and even dangerous. Whether you are taking a day hike or packing into the backcountry for several days, plan your food menus with food safety in mind. The weight of the food, a clean water supply, food preparation methods and trash disposal also are of importance.

For those who hike and backpack, the most problematic foods are raw meat, poultry, fish, dairy products, eggs (even hard cooked), and foods meant to be kept at 40 degrees F or cooler. These foods should never be left out for more than two hours, but during the hot days of summer when temperatures are 90 degrees or more, this time limit drops to one hour.

On day hikes, perishable foods can be packed with a cold source such as a gel pack or even a frozen juice box to keep them cool until you are ready to eat. But if you are backpacking for more than a day, food choices become more complicated. You can still bring perishable foods for the first day, but shelf-stable foods must be planned for the days after that.

Foods that pose little food safety risk include:

- canned meats, poultry or fish;

- fish or meat in shelf-stable pouches;

- peanut butter;

- dried meat, fruit, or vegetables;

- nuts;

- dried noodles and instant soups;

- bread or crackers;

- dry milk;

- fruit drinks;

- dehydrated foods made especially for backpacking and camping;

- instant or quick-cooking rice;

- grains and cereals.

Strike a fine balance between bringing enough tasty, nutritious food and packing light. Think about portion sizes as you plan your menu. Leftovers aren't desirable. They mean that you carried more weight than you needed, and that you must handle safely disposing of the extra food. This requires carrying it back out with you, not burying it or burning it. Perishable leftovers of any type, in the absence of a cold source, are subject to the two-hour rule mentioned above (one hour at 90 degrees or warmer). Some backpackers choose to take foods that do not require refrigeration.

Access to safe water for drinking, cooking and washing up is an important part of your trip. In addition, you may need more fluids than usual after the physical exertion of hiking, especially in high altitude. Don't assume that lake, river or stream waters are safe to drink and use; they may contain bacteria or other water borne pathogens that cause illness. If it's impractical to bring bottled water for drinking and cooking, then you may boil water for at least 5 minutes (10 minutes above 10,000 feet) before use. Water purification tablets and portable water treatment systems may also be purchased.

When menu planning for your hike or backpacking trip, check to see if campfires are allowed or if you have to bring a portable stove. Cook your foods thoroughly, being especially careful with meat, poultry and fish, to kill any food borne bacteria. Remember that the dehydrated foods made especially for camping must be re-hydrated with safe water and cooked thoroughly.

Disposable wipes may be used to clean your hands if your safe water supply is limited. Wash your dishes at least 200 feet from water sources, using small amounts of biodegradable soap. Strain food scraps from your wash water and pack them out, scattering the strained water on dry ground. Gather all other trash in a plastic trash bag, and carry it back out with you.

According to Leave No Trace, everything you "pack in" should also be "packed out," including food scraps, leftovers and all other trash generated. Leave No Trace is a national program that promotes the protection of our nation's wild lands through principles that minimize human impacts on the environment. The National Park Service, the U.S. Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service support these principles. For more information on the Leave No Trace principles of outdoor ethics, call their hotline at (800)332-4100 or visit www.LNT.org.

Colorado State University Cooperative Extension provides unbiased, research-based information about family and consumer issues, gardening, natural resources, agriculture and 4-H youth development. As part of a nationwide system, Cooperative Extension brings the research and resources of the University to the community. For more information visit www.ext. colostate.edu or www.AnswerLink. info, where answers to everyday questions are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.


Missionary Ridge Road to reopen on Saturday

The Missionary Ridge Road, which has been closed since the Missionary Ridge fire in 2002, will reopen Saturday, July 31.

"We really appreciate the patience that the public exhibited while we worked to improve the safety of the road," said Mark Stiles, San Juan National Forest supervisor. "We feel a lot more comfortable about allowing folks up there now."

Improving safety of the area involved two major projects: culvert replacement on Missionary Ridge road and hazard tree removal along Missionary Ridge and Burnt Timber Roads. It took more than a year to install or replace six large culverts and 25 smaller culverts that road managers felt were necessary to handle increased runoff from the denuded hillsides. The culverts will protect properties down below the road and the integrity of the road.

Contractors recently completed hazard tree work along 16 miles of the Missionary Ridge, Burnt Timber, and Wallace Park Roads. Hazard trees were removed within 150 feet on the uphill side of the road and 100 feet on the downhill side of the road. Some trees were removed and some were chipped, but in steep areas trees were felled on the contour and left to help with erosion control.

The only work remaining is to spread gravel on the road, which is scheduled to begin after Labor Day. "There is currently some gravel on the road, but motorists are urged to use caution if on the road during a heavy rainstorm as the roads may be slick," said Dave Baker, long-term rehabilitation team leader. The road will not be closed during this project but there may be short delays.

The Red Rim Road (FS Road 076) which heads south from the Burnt Timber Road will remain closed to motorized use. Hazard trees were originally scheduled to be removed as part of the timber salvage sale, so funds were not allocated in the hazard tree removal contract for the other roads. Red Rim will remain closed until additional funds are found to do the work or the salvage sale happens.

While people should be relatively safe traveling the road, hunters and others that choose to get off road and into the burned area are encouraged to use caution.

- If choosing to camp near the burn area, campers should check all trees in the vicinity for soundness.

- Unburned drought-stressed trees, especially aspen, are beginning to die and will fall as their root systems weaken.

- Heavy storms may cause runoff and debris flows down hillsides where revegetation has not occurred.

Recreationists are also reminded that the travel management direction for the Missionary Ridge area restricts motorized use to open roads and trails.

With less vegetation obstructing them, old logging and mining roads may now more evident, but roads that had been closed in the past will remain closed.

For more information contact the San Juan Public Lands Center at (970) 247-4874.



Donation info

Last week The SUN printed a letter from former Pagosan Traci Stickler, concerning her work to raise donations for the fight against multiple sclerosis. Missing from the letter was contact information for those wanting to help.

Traci's phone number is (970) 481-5137; her mailing address is 4900 Boardwalk Dr. 0-303, Fort Collins, CO 80525; her e-mail address is s_traci@hotmail.com.

Events happened

Dear Editor:

Mr. Beasley is a loyal apologist for both the Republican Party and the incumbent commissioners. After my letter was published Mr. Beasley called me and we discussed it at length. I requested at that time that he pull the court file on the county road litigation to get a better idea of what had happened on the Pagosa Lakes road project. He claims a lack of objectivity in my allegations that the incumbent commissioners had failed to act to correct the problems.

Objectivity played no part; it was a matter of a series of events that were well documented in the county files that required neither interpretation nor opinion on my part. They either happened or they didn't.

The failure to act began long before the contractor's bond expired. During the weeks I reviewed the files in the commissioners' office, the commissioners individually stopped to discuss with me what I was looking for and what I was finding.

After I completed the review I prepared a written summary which I presented to a regular commissioners meeting. I was promised an investigation of the items presented, and a response from the commissioners. I am still waiting.

As Mr. Beasley stated, most of the preliminary preparations for the Pagosa Lakes project were completed before the incumbents were in office. To assure the commissioners had knowledge of this stage I reviewed all of the engineering preparations, made or not made, before the contract was awarded. This information was presented to the commissioners in writing and at a regular meeting.

Mr. Beasley seems to suggest that as long as the preliminary work was done before the incumbents were in office, then they have no responsibility even when they were made aware of the problems. So much for continuity in county government.

I do appreciate that after my letter, Commissioner Downey made a motion to assure that the officers of the county committee did not favor any individual candidates prior to the primary election.

Mr. Beasley states that the district court judge found my litigation against the county for failure to supervise the project "frivolous and groundless." That is correct, and is one of several reasons it was appealed to the Colorado Court of Appeals.

It is curious to note that the same district judge, when presented with the same allegations against PLPOA for their part in the roads project, did not find it frivolous but noted that the main thrust of my case was against the county.

Glenn Bergmann

'Just Say No'

Dear Editor:

As a former county commissioner (1978-1990) I continue to observe our county road maintenance closely and am disturbed by what I see.

1. Gravel is being purchased and hauled long distances (as far away as from Bayfield) rather than the system of strategic stockpiles and local crushing in the Blanco Basin (three sites) that I had set up. Unnecessarily long hauls waste time and money. In 14 years we went from 33 gravel pits down to just one in Juanita which the county cannot use because the bridge is inadequate.

2. New commissioners in 1990 told us it would be better for the county to use private contractors rather than our own county crews and equipment, yet county road maintenance has instead deteriorated even though no new roads have been taken into the system.

3. Where is the supervision? Should it take one week for four graders, three water trucks and a roller to grade five miles of road? Should crews be seen in the winter and spring (seven men in three pickups) with nothing to do except, as I was told, "get away from the yard"? Why is heavy equipment returned to the yard every night rather than left deployed in maintenance districts to save time and avoid deadheading?

4. Why have we spent tens of thousands of dollars applying dust abatement to roads that lack requisite gravel surfaces?

5. Twenty years ago, we had some of the best gravel roads in the state. After years of neglect and mismanagement, we are driving on exposed base material and rock the size of river run. Some roads have not been resurfaced since the early '70s and many are falling apart.

More money for the county is not the answer to better roads so long as county administration spends it foolishly and wastefully. The commissioners can't hold the administrators to account if they are not themselves out in the field, out of the office, driving our roads, and observing our road and bridge manpower and equipment in operation.

Commissioners must be literally in touch with the problem. I have been approached by one candidate to head a committee for roads. We don't need any more committees or study groups. It is the wise, smart use of current tax, HUTF and PILT money that will result in better roads.

I would like to hear from other concerned citizens.

Chris Chavez

A misconception

Dear Editor:

Don't you love to go to City Market in Pagosa? You see everybody you know and get all caught up in a conversation or just try to look busy, say, "Hi," and if possible, keep moving.

The other day, an acquaintance said to me, "Isn't it great to get the summer off - with pay!" Since I am usually slow on the uptake, she was two aisles away before I comprehended what she meant.

As a public school teacher, I wonder how many other people have this misconception? I wonder how common it is? That day at the grocery store was not the first time I have heard this. May I please just clear it up?

First of all, teachers get paid starting the first teacher workday, which is two days before the students start, until the last student day of school. Many teachers (most) come back the week after school's out, close up their rooms and wrap up student records. If they are not taking classes to upgrade their skills or attending mandatory in-services during the summer, then teachers usually start getting ready for the first day of school anywhere from a month to two weeks before the teacher workdays. No one realistically thinks they can get ready for the year in two workdays. I am working on curriculum now. It will probably take me until school starts to be ready.

Elementary teachers have the last day of school for a much needed workday. High school teachers give finals on that day. They have to go back to grade those finals and record their final grades, as well as attend the graduation ceremony. That last day of school is the last day with pay.

Secondly, we are all paid to be on the job from 7:45 in the morning until 3:45 in the afternoon. I believe it is another common misconception that teachers leave when the students do. Most arrive early and stay late.

Hey, it's true, teachers love having the summer off. We need this time to recharge for our intensely challenging and rewarding profession. But just for the record, we don't get paid for it.


Gail Hershey

Enough drilling

Have we not had enough drilling in Southwest Colorado to last us a long time?

I live just three miles west of the La Plata/Archuleta County line. I purchased my land and home right next to the National Forest, thinking what a great opportunity to hike, camp and ATV just outside my garage door.

To my dismay, my first trip out there in June of 2002 showed me not much in the way of uncivilized natural beauty, but miles of natural gas company gravel roads and at least a dozen gas wells. In fact, one well appears just about 200 yards from the National Forest gate.

As a side note, I can go from the gate all the way to Bayfield without ever leaving a gas company constructed gravel road.

And Bayfield is about eight miles from my home. What a great way to see the "beauty" of our forests; I am constantly reminded of how horrible the whole thing looks and feels.

For that reason, I am totally repulsed by the SJNF preferred alternative (1A). It will add another 36 miles of roads and 79 wells in the HD Mountains and in a current Roadless Area. How can we do this and leave it to our children?

Wouldn't it be nice to be able to hike this old growth area and not see all the evidence of man's intrusion? This alternative also waives existing environmental protections for No Surface Occupancy leases and the Fruitland outcrop; so what good is environmental protection if it can be so easily overturned and discarded? The SJNF's plans devastate forest and watersheds, not to mention contaminates the land and our water supply. Where I live, I wonder how that well 200 yards away will affect my land now and in the future.

I stand against this proposal. There have to be alternatives to this type of destruction.

George Johnson


Right to arms

Dear Editor:

In reply to "right to change," (letter, July 22) do you really think that if a law was passed tomorrow outlawing all guns, the world would be a better place? Do you think that all the criminals would turn in their guns?

There were over 500,000 home invasions last year. Would you like to be defenseless when they knock your door down and threaten your family?

There are about 1,000,000 cases a year where a gun is used in self defense to protect life and property. Do you think the police will be there to protect you? They do a wonderful job but they will be the first to tell you they can't be everywhere.

As far as the "Pacific Rim" goes, would you really like to live in a country where you could get the death penalty for defending yourself?

You've heard the old saying, be careful what you wish for, you just may get it. And if the likes of John Kerry, Ted Kennedy and his ilk have their way, that just might happen!

As for me, I hope to hunt till I'm 100 and defend my right to bear arms to my last breath.

Russ Roberts

Dunk tank target

Dear Editor:

Coffee shop rumor has it that UPS and Federal Express are bringing into Paradise hordes of "wild blue yonder" throttle jocks at my new, noisy, enlarged, beefed-up Stevens Field Aerodrome to attend the gala opening night festivities at the Archuleta County Fair Thursday, Aug. 5.

Since I have a command performance in the dunk tank on the fair grounds that evening at 5:30 p.m., for only a half hour, and the lines could be long, better bring your oxygen bottles. I'd sincerely hate for any of you "turbo sticks" to become excited and develop a bad case of vertigo on takeoff when you depart the area. That would definitely be violently dangerous for everyone in your flight path. Of course, I seriously doubt that most of you wannabe bombardiers could hit a target anyway.

The Democratic presidential ticket for November has also been invited. So all you liberal Bush haters should show up in large numbers. Maybe ya'll can grab a little of that Heinz ketchup money and buy yerself some balls (to throw). It's remotely possible you'll get lucky and send this swabbie into the deep end of the dunk tank. Hopefully, it will not be brinish.

Professor Dungan: Tis my understanding that Arboles resides in Archuleta County. So climb aboard the relic motor home hauler of yours and try to make it on up to your county fair. You can carry a few, deceased, pinon beetles along with ya fer company on the ride. Bring your troglodytic rag arm on down to the dunk tank along with some big bucks.

Jim Sawicki


Community News

Local Chatter

Tour de France and Music in Mountains made the weekend

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist

If you watched any of the Tour de France and saw the photography of the beautiful mountain country the bikers had to cover and then went to the performance of Music in the Mountains at BootJack Ranch you were really in heaven. And there is more.

It's going to be a pleasure to join the crowd at Town Park today for the free children's concert. This is a family treat.

That Sergei Prokofieff gave us this delightful composition to enjoy is to be commended. It's an interesting fact that so often talented musical artists who became well-known also compose for children.

By the time Prokofieff composed "Peter and the Wolf" for his 11-year-old Sviatoslav and 6-year-old Oleg, he was in his early 40s and had received worldwide recognition. Along the way, the critics had been unkind and the story is told how one critic was fired because he wrote an unfavorable review when the concert had been cancelled.

"Peter and the Wolf" is a classic, a thing to see many times. We can certainly thank Music in the Mountains for this performance.

Around town

One of our local couples who have lived here for 15 years is moving to Arizona. One of the main reasons for the move is that she wants to join a book club. One of the things Pagosa has never had - in recent years at least - is an established book club open to newcomers. There is a need here. Maybe someone will start one.

Norm Vance has two nephews who get around when it comes to sports. His nephew, Mike Ryan, who is an orthopedic surgeon, was a part of the Support Team for Lance Armstrong in the Tour de France.

Norm's nephew, Greg Ryan, who is a women's soccer coach, will be one of the coaches for the U.S. Soccer Team in the upcoming Olympics in Greece.


Senior News

Riders in the Sky will entertain for our trip to Bar-D

By Laura Bedard

Special to The SUN

We are going to Bar D in Durango in August.

This is always a popular trip that will be even more special this year as the Riders in the Sky will be entertaining everyone, along with the regular crew at Bar D.

Meal prices vary depending on your choice. Transportation will be provided either by car pool or van. The date is Monday, Aug. 9, and sign-up for this trip is in the dining room. Please sign up by Aug. 6.

West Nile Virus is a problem in Colorado. Find out how to prevent it from our local public health advisor, Kris Embree, who will be here 1 p.m. Aug. 3 in the lounge.

We have a lot of spirit at the senior center, let's show it off again. Last year we wore our Silver Foxes Den T-shirts to show our pride, we'll do it again every Friday in August.

This Friday we'll be celebrating July birthdays, so if you have a birthday this month, come in for lunch and we'll be serving birthday cake.

August 4 is a date to remember if you are having problems hearing (or problems with your hearing aid) as Eileen Goebel with Animas Valley Audiology will be here at 1 p.m. that day.

Here's a heads up on a neat fund-raiser for our center. On Aug. 28, Pagosa Country Club (next to First Inn) will donate a percentage of proceeds to our center if you play miniature golf or eat any of the tasty food they have available (Pagosa Country Club is home of the "Pagosa Dog"). This is good family entertainment and your donation goes to our Silver Foxes.

We need a computer instructor. Sam Matthews has moved to another position in the transportation department and won't be able to teach his classes. Someone just came in for a membership a couple of weeks ago and offered to teach a computer class. Will you please come back and offer again?

Pagosa seniors might be interested to know that Indian Head Lodge is serving wonderful meals Friday and Saturday nights this summer, and they are giving seniors a discount. Supper is only $9.75 for youngsters 62 and older, $11.75 for people who are even younger and $5.50 for kids. This is a buffet style, all homemade food, served 6-8 p.m. Indian Head Lodge is on Piedra Road, 17 miles from the end of pavement.

You might also be interested in our Senior Law Handbook, available to buy or check out online. Topics include: Government and Financial Assistance, Medicare and Medicaid, Health Insurance Beyond Medicare, Residential Options, Housing, Medical Advanced Directive, Estate Planning, Family Relationships, Discrimination, Consumer Information, Protecting Yourself from Crime and What to Do when Someone Dies.

The information in this Colorado Senior Law Handbook is general in nature and scope and is not intended to replace the advice and services of an attorney.

Major changes in federal law may have occurred since the date of publication. This book is based on the laws and current practice of Colorado in early 2004, and the policies and programs of the federal government at that time.

Books may be purchased through the center for $10.50. Please call by Aug. 6 if you would like us to order you a copy, 264-2167. Quantities may be limited. Or go directly to the Web site and access the information online at www.cobar.org/group/index.cfm?category=726&EntityID=dpwfp.


Friday, July 30 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; blood pressures, 11 a.m.; celebrate birthdays, noon.

Monday, Aug. 2 - Medicare counseling, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; Bridge for Fun, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, Aug. 3 - Yoga in Motion, 10 a.m.; massage, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; Seeds of Learning Kids sing, 11:45 a.m.; West Nile Virus with Kris Embree, 1 p.m.

Wednesday, Aug. 4 - Canasta, 1 p.m.; hearing aid talk with Eileen Goebel, 1 p.m.

Friday, Aug. 6 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; Spirit Day every Friday.

Saturday, Aug. 7 - Creede Repertory Theatre for "Spitfire," 2:30 p.m.


Friday, July 30 - Orange chicken, rice Pilaf, broccoli, applesauce cake and fresh fruit

Monday, Aug. 2 - Green chili stew, tossed salad, fresh fruit cup, and tapioca pudding

Tuesday, Aug. 3 - Tuna/noodles casserole, green peas, stewed tomatoes, brownie and fresh fruit

Wednesday, Aug 4 - Breaded pork chops, whipped sweet potatoes, steamed broccoli, whole wheat roll and spiced applesauce

Friday, Aug. 6 - Swiss steak, mashed potatoes and gravy, Brussels sprouts, whole wheat roll and cantaloupe.


Library News

9/11 report available on new Web site

By Lenore Bright

SUN Columnist

According to Nancy Bolt, state librarian, the U.S. Government Printing Office will provide public access to the 9/11 Commission report at no cost through a Web site.

If you want to access this Web site, come in and we will give you a copy of the address. It is too complicated to give here. You may also purchase copies via phone, fax or e-mail from the federal government. We have that address too. The cost is $8.50 plus shipping.

Ask for instructions at the desk. We are trying to get a copy for the library.

Book phenomenon

Young readers all over the continent (and maybe the world) are enchanted with books titled "A Series of Unfortunate Events," authored by Lemony Snicket.

The initial book starts out with the admonition, "If you are interested in stories with happy endings, you would be better off reading some other book."

The lives of three orphans, Violet, Klaus, and Sunny Baudelaire are ripe with misery, and despair as they meet a cast of evil villains and disasters through the 13 volume series.

Lemony tells us that the three are very unlucky and even though they are charming and clever, they are magnets for misfortune. Lemony goes on to say that while it is his sad duty to write down these unpleasant tales, there is nothing stopping you from putting the book down and reading something happy if you prefer that sort of thing.

Children are delighted with Lemony's tales. The adults who take the time to read Snicket's tales of woe will be amused and surprised. The author is articulate, uses expressive, adult words and phrases, and explains them as they are used. He assumes his audience is intelligent and doesn't need to be shielded from adult situations, correct grammar, or a robust vocabulary.

Snicket also appreciates good literature and libraries, and his Baudelaire siblings look for answers to their many problems in books.

Snicket is elusive and little is known about him except he was stripped of several awards by the reigning authorities including Honorable Mention, the Grey Ribbon and First runner up. His investigations prevent him from being anywhere near electronic equipment or postal paraphernalia. However, Harper Collins publishers can forward a message to him. We also have that address if you or your family members would care to correspond with this inquisitive hermit.

When asked if "Lemony Snicket" was his pen name, he replied, "No, my pen's name is Alphonse."

Historical museum

Our exceptional museum will be open for just a few more weeks. The season ends Labor Day.

The San Juan Historical Society asks you to join them in a step back in time. Their professional brochure states that Pagosa Springs has always attracted a certain type of individual - a person who longs for life off the beaten path. Whether you are a visitor or have lived here for years, you will be inspired by the rich history of the area.

Take your children to learn more about our heritage. The "Remembrances" book series and other merchandise are sold at the museum and help support their important work. The museum is located at Pagosa and 1st streets, by the bridge and the River Center. It is open Monday through Saturday and there is a nominal admission fee.

Chimney Rock

The archaeological area is open until Sept. 30 with the visitor center opening at 9 a.m.

There are four guided tours each day, seven days a week. The first tour begins at 9:30 and the last one at 2 p.m. There is a small fee that helps with preservation of the excavated sites.

Chimney Rock educates and enriches us all. So take a step back in time both here and our museum before the season ends.

Cumbres Toltec train

John Porco, Becky's husband, is a docent on the Cumbres Toltec Scenic Train. He brought us some of the trip guides with this year's schedules and prices.

This is another historical experience to share with your visitors and family. The tracks wind in and out of Colorado and New Mexico through a variety of weather, altitude and gorgeous scenery. Pick up a brochure at the desk.

While they do have a specific season from May to October, they may have a Christmas train going in December.

New book

"I Never Knew That About Colorado: A Quaint Volume of Forgotten Lore," by Abbott Fay, is filled with a number of stories about our part of the state. One is titled, "State Song Inspired at Little-Known Pass."

The state song is, "The Land Where the Columbines Grow." According to Fay, the song was learned by every elementary student and was often sung each day in school. Few children had ever seen a columbine flower.

Arthur Flynn, the first superintendent of the Rio Grande National Forest was traveling in a wagon from Monte Vista to Pagosa. Near the summit of Elwood Pass, the group stopped for lunch and all were stunned at the beautiful sight of a massive field of columbines. Flynn, a former educator in the Alamosa schools, wrote a poem about the scene that night in Pagosa Springs. He later composed the music. It was designated the state song in 1915.

Colorado school children voted the Columbine the state flower in 1891. The Colorado General Assembly made it illegal to uproot the flower in any public area in 1925. The assembly also limited the gathering of flowers or stems to 25 in one day.

In 1964, there was an attempt to replace the Columbine with the carnation as state flower. The attempt was easily defeated.

We have copies of the words to "Where the Columbines Grow," for anyone interested.

And more Colorado history facts are available on the Colorado Historical Society Web site coloradohistory.org/programs/kids_fam_htg.htm.

Building update

We are still in the "hurry up and wait" cycle.

Soil samples were late and are holding up the project. We are almost through the permitting process with one more appearance with the town council. We keep running into unexpected problems - the latest being that the berms are unstable and must be replaced.

We are optimistic that we will break ground soon.

Annual meeting, sale

On Friday, Aug. 13, the Friends of the Library hold their annual meeting.

Food and beverage are provided and the business of the organization is addressed in a very short meeting. Then the members get first chance at the many excellent books for sale.

If you would like to become a member and be invited to this affair, come in the library and sign up. Invitations will be going out this week. Dues are $5 for an individual, and $10 for a family. Students fees are $2 and life memberships are $100.

Public book sale

Aug. 14 is the day set aside for the Friends of the Library public book sale in the Extension Building on U.S. 84 at the Fairgrounds. Doors open at 7 a.m. After the sale, all remaining books are picked up by Rotary members and delivered to the Humane Society Thrift Shop.

This is truly a community affair. All proceeds from the sales go to the library building fund.


As our building costs go up with each surprise, we are forced to continue fund-raising. Your support is critical to this project. I will soon give a detailed report on where we are in the process, and what is left to do. We will be announcing some of the major gifts at the Friends annual meeting and giving the report.

In the meantime, financial support was received from Beverly Burns in memory of Hazel Neill and Elizabeth Anderson. Materials came from Bob and Shirley Alley, Josie Snow, Julie Gates, Patty and Jim Latham, Steve Dale, the Upscale Resale Shop, Biz Greene, Jim and Margaret Wilson, Patty Sterling and Genelle Macht.


Chamber News

Statistics show increased

visitor traffic and online contacts

By Sally Hamiester

SUN Columnist

It's been awhile now since I've given you the latest figures on our Visitor Center and Chamber stats, so allow me to do so now. As I look back over the numbers for our Web site from 2001 when we first had the capability of tracking the numbers, I am terribly gratified with the amazing growth we've experienced on the Internet.

In December of 2001 we had a grand total of 17,286 hits on our site with an average of 557 per day. In December of 2002, we had a total of 20,649 with a daily average of 666. Last month, we had a total of 35,796 with a daily total of 1,193 which testifies to a very healthy growth rate.

Even better, the Chamber marketing committee has just met for the second time with our Web designers to evaluate and move forward with a new and improved look. We will keep you posted on when you can view the changes to an already awesome site.

Visitor Center traffic was up from 2003 the last couple of months with a 4-percent increase in May and a 12-percent increase in June. In May we greeted just over 3,000 visitors and in June, right at 7,000, which means that our trusty Diplomats were very busy folks. The states represented in the top five number of visitors offer absolutely no surprises at all: Texas was tops with 3,617, Colorado with 2,321, New Mexico with 1,909, Oklahoma with 1,052 and Arizona with 1,032. California has vacillated in and out of the top five this past couple of years and landed in the sixth position thus far this year with 698.

The number of requests for visitor and relocation packets sent generally mirror the visitor center numbers, and this time is no exception other than the fact that Arizona and Oklahoma flip-flopped with Arizona requesting 112 packets and Oklahoma requesting 96. In general, with the introduction of Web sites, the number of requests has gone down somewhat, but since folks continue to be such tactile creatures, they still love to hold brochures and information in their hands.

Ride the Weminuche

You still have time to join the United Way of SW Colorado gang for the fourth annual Ride the Weminuche four-hour horseback ride in the beautiful mountains surrounding the Poma Ranch Saturday, July 31, beginning at 9 a.m.

This wonderful day will also include a delicious chuck wagon lunch and a live auction with many interesting, unusual and exciting items. You can choose a guided or unguided ride, and charges will be $55 if you bring your own ride, $95 if you need to rent a horse and $15 if you are a wimp like me and choose only to eat lunch.

This event is sponsored by the good folks at Poma Ranch and the proceeds will go the United Way coffers to be used for their many benevolent causes in the community. You can pick up a registration form at the Chamber or give Kathi DeClark a call at 946-2057 for more information.

Bagpipe concert

Also available to you Saturday is a bagpipe concert. Yes, I said a bagpipe concert - featuring Scottish Highland Pipes and Dancers.

This unusual event will highlight band piping, solo piping, dancers and drummers and quite possibly, singers and poetry readings. The mistress of ceremonies will be Marilyn Leftwich who is a professor at Ft. Lewis College as well as one the performing pipers. This concert will begin at 11 a.m. and continue for a couple of hours. Take advantage of this opportunity for, I assure you, it won't present itself again for some time.

Chile cook-off/Taste

Next weekend you will have the opportunity to match spatulas and spoons with the best and brightest chile masters in Pagosa at the Second Annual Lee Sterling Chile Cook-Off and Taste of Pagosa.

If you have a killer chile recipe that might win prizes, you need to pick up an application at the Chamber of Commerce, the Flying Burrito or WolfTracks Bookstore & Coffee Co. before Aug. 3 to enter your delectable dish. The judging will take place 4-9 p.m. at the county fairgrounds Thursday, Aug. 5. Prizes will be awarded to the best entries in six categories: hot red, mild red, hot green, mild green, open class and professional.

Call Kim Moore if you have questions about the chile cook-off or Taste of Pagosa at 731-0426.

Duck race

The Knights of Columbus announce their second annual Duck Race and Picnic to be held in Town Park Saturday, Aug. 14, beginning at 11:30 a.m. with BBQ and kids' games.

The food court will feature Hispanic food, hamburgers, hot dogs and brats. Music and prize raffles will also be a part of this fun, family day in the park.

The Duck Race will be held at 2:30, and you can win some serious money if your duck wins or places. First-place prize is $1,000, second place wins $500 and the third-place winner will take home $100. Not a bad day's work.

You can purchase your tickets for the race at the Chamber for $5 each and give Barry Pavlovich a call at 731-0253 for more information.

August save-the-dates

Next week I will talk about some of the events we have coming up in August, but for the time being, set aside 6 p.m. Friday, Aug. 13, for the Friends of the Library Annual Meeting and Private Book Sale; 1-5 p.m. Sunday, Aug. 15, for the PSAC Home and Garden Tour; and 5:30 p.m. Friday, Aug. 27, for the Tenth Annual HSPS Auction for the Animals.

We'll talk more about each of these events in the future, but mark your calendars right now so you won't make any silly vacation plans.


Even though we don't have the large numbers that have spoiled us rotten, we couldn't be more pleased to introduce one new member and two renewals.

Casey Harper joins us this week with Outlaw Tours in Durango. Outlaw Tours provides friendly family fun for all ages. Their most popular activities include white water rafting, jeep and hummer tours as well as their jeep/train combo. You'll want to call them for more information on all these activities at (970) 759-1643.

Renewals this week include Cynthia Purcell with the San Juan Conservation District and Mary Ann Harshman with The Chama Courier Newspaper. Thanks to all.


Veteran's Corner

A new roadblock for VA health care service

By Andy Fautheree

SUN Columnist

I received important information last week regarding new rules for overnight accommodations at the Albuquerque VA Medical Center. It was not good news, to say the least.

Effective immediately, the Accommodations Hotel Lodging Program used by many of our Archuleta County veterans has been severely restricted because of budget constraints at the center.

Veterans from this area have long been used to overnight accommodations in a nearby hotel while attending to their VA health care appointments, because of the 530-mile round trip between Pagosa Springs and Albuquerque.

New rules

According to a press release from the center, "The New Mexico VA Health Care System has been able to offer our Accommodations Hotel Lodging Program to a variety of our veteran patients. Unfortunately, budgetary constraints now force us to limit access for our veteran patients.

"Specifically, the only veteran patients that will have access are those who are receiving VA compensation and pension examinations, spinal cord injury patients, oncology patients and tertiary care veterans referred by other VA Medical Centers. Veterans who live more than 150 miles from our facility and who have specialty clinic appointments have previously been afforded access to the Housing program, however, they are now restricted."

Hardship for rural vets

"Previously our veterans could get overnight lodging paid for by Albuquerque VAMC. If a patient had a morning appointment they would provide accommodations the night before. If the appointment was in the afternoon or required a return to the VAMC the next day, they would provide accommodations accordingly. That is no longer the case," the press release continued.

Veterans from Archuleta County will now have to make the trip for their specialist health care appointments and either return the same day or provide their own lodging. This will severely affect many of our veterans who have very limited financial resources, or have age and/or health disabilities.

Transportation available

Archuleta County VAHC transportation system depends on providing vehicles for individual veteran appointments. Rarely does the VAHC system coordinate or schedule any veteran appointments from our area that would allow a regularly scheduled transport van system.

Our numbers are not big enough to justify such a program, yet we are large enough in numbers to have our VAHC transportation vehicles in use most of the time. Because of our remote location and availability of VAHC services our veterans must travel to five different locations - Durango VA Clinic, Albuquerque VAMC, Farmington VA Clinic, Grand Junction VAMC and the community clinic in Chama, N.M.

Coordinate appointments

Archuleta County veterans may need to readjust their thinking on traveling to Albuquerque VAMC. There is a semi-regular scheduled transport van system out of Durango at this time. Veterans from Archuleta County may want to coordinate their appointments and make use of this resource.

Albuquerque VAMC and the Durango VAHC transport van system recommends veterans from our area request Albuquerque appointments be scheduled between the hours of 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Monday through Friday. This will insure the trip can be made in the same day to Durango. Since this new accommodations policy is in effect immediately it may be a good idea for veterans to review their future Albuquerque appointments and request a change in appointment hours if necessary.

Van transportation

The Durango VAHC transport system is operated by the VFW, DAV and American Legion veteran's organizations through a network of volunteer drivers. Another wrinkle Albuquerque has thrown into the pot, is they now require all volunteer drivers for VA funded vans to have an annual physical. La Plata County VSO Fred Riedinger tells me some of his volunteer drivers are not veterans, cannot seek physical exams at VA clinics and may not have financial resources to pay for their own exams. How this will be resolved is still pending in talks between La Plata County VSO and Albuquerque VAMC.

Here's how the van transportation system works. "The intended use for the van is to transport disabled veterans and those otherwise unable to drive themselves. When enough volunteer drivers become available, one van will transport veterans to Albuquerque. A second van will be used to meet local (relay) transportation needs."

Durango Clinic coordinates all requests to arrange transportation in the van. Call Pierre Thompson at the Durango VA Clinic 247-1674. Runs are dependent on driver availability, which makes it not a 100-percent sure thing each day. However, I believe that information can be obtained for any given appointment date by calling the above numbers.

Next week

This is just one more reason for the VA to change some of its policies and thinking so veterans from rural areas can be able to receive VA medical assistance from local private care medical facilities through a cooperative program and shared information. See my column next week for new information in this regard.

Meanwhile, we veterans in small rural areas must contend with big city thinking when it comes to our VA health care.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is at 400 South Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, CO 81301. Phone number is 247-2214.

For further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Veterans Service Office located on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, fax is 264-8376, and e-mail is afautheree@archuletacounty.org. The office is open from 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Monday through Thursday; Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.

(Please note the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office will be closed next week, Aug, 2-6 while I am on vacation. I will return Aug. 9. VA health care transportation vehicle scheduling can be arranged by calling Kathi Creech in the Archuleta County Commissioner's office at 264-8300. For all other VA related inquiries or assistance please see me when I return.)


Arts Line

Since Pagosa show, Goldsmith's works take nation by storm

By Leanne Goebel

Special to The PREVIEW

Last autumn, Durango artist Monica Goldsmith, launched her first one-woman exhibit at Pagosa Springs Arts Council's gallery.

This summer, Goldsmith's post-painterly abstract influenced landscapes have been widely visible around the country.

Jan Ernst Adlmann, former assistant director for the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York, chose Goldsmith's painting "Blue Doors," a geometric abstraction of periwinkle and turquoise doors, for The Rocky Mountain Biennial at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Fort Collins.

Susan Hapgood, director of exhibitions for Independent Curators International, selected "Early Spring" for the Great Plains National exhibit at Fort Hays State University in Hays, Kansas.

Robert Fitzpatrick, director of Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago, chose "Apricot Sky" from over 4,000 entries for the Cambridge Art Association National Prize Show in Cambridge, Mass.

Christopher Cook, Curator of the Sioux City Art Center in Sioux City, Iowa, selected "Kona Coast" and "Kauai Afternoon" for the Gateway National Prize Show in Farmington, N.M., and awarded the artist second prize for her work.

Christopher Cook, an expert on post-modern art, said, "While her (Goldsmith's) work is visually very simple, at the same time it's complex. This creates a tension in the painting." To Cook, Goldsmith's work explored the issue of identity and place, and the mythological idea of home.

Cate McQuaid wrote in the Boston Globe on May 28, "Monica Goldsmith's 'Apricot Sky,' is memorable for its bright colors and interchange of flat planes interlocking over a mottled, alluring ground."

"Early Spring," "Apricot Sky," "Kona Coast," and "Kauai Afternoon" explore the relationship between color, texture and form. Each canvas has a large, flat area of color representing the sky. In "Early Spring," the sky is blue with green mottled texture. In "Apricot Sky," the color-field is a shade of light orange with a monochromatic texture and the color of ripe apricots. Both paintings have a white rectangular color-field along the bottom of the canvas, and anchored to that rectangle are shapes suggesting a structure with windows and a roof that disappear off the right edge of the canvas.

When asked about her two most recent paintings, "Kona Coast" and "Kauai Afternoon," Goldsmith said, "They are abstract tropical landscape scenes inspired by the topography of the Hawaiian Islands." One of the differences that these two paintings highlight is the changing color of the rectangular color-field at the bottom of each canvas. "The deep black represents lava or black sand in 'Kona Coast' and the rustic, earthy red in 'Kauai Afternoon' represents the red dirt of Kauai," Goldsmith said.

Most of these works will be on display during the "Next Wave" show at the Durango Art Center, Aug. 6-28. A reception for the artist is scheduled Friday, Aug. 6, 5-7 p.m. The Durango Art Center is at 802 E. 2nd Ave. Gallery hours are 10 a.m.-5 p.m.

 Home, garden tour

PSAC's fourth annual Home and Garden Tour will feature five unique properties noon- 5 p.m. Sunday, Aug. 15.

Home styles include a flat roofed contemporary, a traditional log construction, a stone and stucco mountain style, a log lake house and a traditional adobe in horse country. All have two or three stories and magnificent views.

Landscaping styles vary from formal to natural, most featuring perennial flowers suited to this area, rock gardens, a pond and waterfall.

Each host will be serving a beverage and one home is featured as the refreshment center.

Tickets are $8 for PSAC members, $10 for non members, available July 28 at the PSAC SunDowner, and afterward at the Chamber of Commerce, Moonlight Books, WolfTracks and gallery in Town Park.

All proceeds from ticket sales go to benefit the Council to continue offering classes, exhibits, and cultural offerings to the area.

 Summer courses

The Fort Lewis College Extended Studies Program is offering the following courses. For more information and to register, call 247-7385. Preregistration for all courses is required.

The Fine Art of Greeting Cards. Learn a multitude of artistic techniques to create your own sendable, frameable greeting cards, tags and envelopes. Includes watercolor, collage and embellishments. This class is suitable for beginners to professionals. Monday-Friday, Aug. 2-6, 1-3 p.m.

Art History. In this course you will discuss art history, the elements of art and principles of design, various media and art interpretation. Monday-Friday, July 26-30, and Aug. 2-6, 2-4 p.m. Choose the week which works best for you.

Women Writers of the West. You will start with Willa Cather's classic, "Death Comes for the Archbishop" and make your way through Ellen Meloy's "Raven's Exile," Barbara Kingsolver's, "Animal Dreams," Terry Tempest Williams' "Unspoken Hunger" and the work of Native writers Paula Gunn Allen, Joy Harjo, Leslie Marmon Silko and Linda Hogan. Given time, you will also read about the "soiled doves" and painted ladies of the dusty cowboys and wild mountain miners and how they lived through their first fortunes and hard times. Monday-Friday, Aug. 2-6, 10 a.m.-noon.

Writers of the Southwest. This course will explore the diverse voices and genres of contemporary Southwestern literature. You will read and discuss two seminal novels of our region, Ron Querry's "The Death of Bernadette Lefthand" and Leslie Marmo Silko's "Ceremony," as well as Edward Abbey's classic "Desert Solitaire." Stories of Hispanic culture in New Mexico from Tierra Amarillo, Native American poet and musician Joy Harjo, and essayists Terry Tempest Williams, Wallace Stegner and Frank Waters will round up the best of the Southwest. Monday-Friday, Aug. 2-6, 1-3 p.m.

Introduction to Basic Drawing. Yes, you can learn to draw in five days. You will learn to use the right side of your brain where your creative side dwells. Monday-Friday, Aug. 2-6, from 1-4 p.m.

Artist opportunities

The first of what is planned as an annual Juried Painting and Drawing Show at the Pagosa Springs Arts Council is Sept. 2-28. Juror for this event is nationally recognized fine artist and illustrator, Pierre Mion. Monetary prizes and merchant awards will be presented.

The show is open to watermedia, oil, pastel, and drawing. All work must be original in concept and created without the assistance of an instructor.

A prospectus will be available Aug. 1, and mailed to the PSAC Artist List. It will also be available at the gallery in Town Park and posted on the PSAC Web site at www.pagosa-arts.com.

Renew your PSAC membership today to receive the prospectus by mail.

 Ongoing workshops

Beginning Watercolor with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett, every Monday and Wednesday morning 9:30 a.m.&endash;12:30 p.m., at the Fairfield Activities Center. Call 731-8060 to reserve a spot for only $25.

 Upcoming workshops

Mixed Media &endash; Beginners II, Aug. 11-13, with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett.

This workshop builds on The Basics of Watercolor &endash; Beginners I and uses everything students learned in that class. In Beginners II there will be lessons and exercises about shapes, composition and design, choosing subjects, further study about value and color, and advanced techniques such as lifting, scraping, masking, glazing, working with sponges, salt, Saran Wrap, and waxed paper. Afternoons will be spent painting, using the morning's lessons. The cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members.

Botanical Art and Drawing with Cynthia Padilla, Aug. 17-20. Dallas artist, Cynthia Padilla, returns to Pagosa Springs for a week of botanical drawing, painting, nature drawing and creating luminous mandalas. Classes are Monday-Friday and you may sign up for one class or all. Each class is $75 per day or $71.25 for PSAC members.


Aug. 1- Advertising and submission deadline for SW Colorado Arts Perspective

Aug. 5-8 -Archuleta County Fair

Aug. 5-31 - Watercolor Exhibit with Denny Rose, Ginnie Bartlett and students

Aug. 11 - Watercolor Club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Aug. 12 - Photo Club, 5:30 p.m.

Aug. 11-13 - Basics II, Denny & Ginnie Mixed Media Workshop

Aug. 15 - Home and Garden Tour, noon-5 p.m.

Aug. 16-21 - Cynthia Padilla Botanical Art Workshop

Aug. 21 - Third Saturday Workshop, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Sept. 2-28 - Juried Painting and Drawing Exhibit at gallery in Town Park

Sept. 11 - Colorado Arts Consortium The Business of Art an Art pARTY

Oct. 1-3 - SW Colorado Community Theatre Festival in Pagosa Springs, sponsored by Music Boosters.


Mesa Verde Country wine fest set Oct. 8-10

Mesa Verde Country will host the Second Annual Mesa Verde Country Wine Fest and Gallery Tour Oct. 8-10.

The Festival begins Friday, Oct. 8, with a wine dinner at the award-winning Metate Room in Mesa Verde National Park - voted one of the Top 10 restaurants in Colorado. Last year's dinner was a sell out and tickets for this year's dinner are going fast.

The gourmet meal, designed by Todd Halnier, executive chef, will include hickory smoked buffalo rib eye with roasted shallots, gorgonzola in a spinach cream, herb mashed potatoes and Colorado asparagus. Each of the four courses will be accompanied by specially selected Colorado wines.

Tickets for the dinner are $55 per person and may be reserved by calling (970) 565-8227 or may be purchased at the Colorado Welcome Center, 928 E. Main in Cortez.

On Saturday, Oct. 9, wine tasting/sales, food, entertainment, and artist exhibitions/sales will be featured noon-5 p.m. in Cortez City Park. Participating in the wine tasting/sales will be 10-12 Colorado wineries, including local Mesa Verde Country wineries located in McElmo Canyon.

Local and regional artists will be representing/selling their work at the Festival as part of a juried art show. Tickets for the Saturday Wine Fest are $15 per person and include a wine glass and tote bag. These tickets may be purchased at the Colorado Welcome Center or at the Wine Fest.

Sunday the festivities will continue with wine tasting/sales at local area wineries and food, music, and art at local area galleries in Cortez, Dolores and Mancos. These events begin at 10 a.m. and continue to 4 p.m. All Sunday activities are free and open to the public. To find out more visit www.mesaverdecountry.com.


Boosters, Pretenders donate battens

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

Batten, batten, who's got the batten?

The Pagosa Springs High School auditorium now has three more of them, thanks to donations by The Pagosa Springs Music Boosters and The Pagosa Pretenders. But just what is a batten anyway?

Well, in the theatrical sense, it's a long pipe which extends the width of the proscenium arch and is hung in the high part of the backstage area. Curtains, set pieces, and large painted backdrops, which are attached to the batten, can be raised and lowered during the performance, as was demonstrated in the recent Music Boosters' production "The Hills Are Alive..."

When the high school auditorium opened in 1998, the Boosters purchased one batten for $4,500, leaving slots available for 17 more. This summer's $9,000 purchase of two more battens, $2,500 of which came from The Pretenders, makes it possible to considerably increase production values and open creative options for future presentations.

Buying a batten isn't just a matter of running down to the nearest Batten Boutique. These were installed by Stagecraft Industries from Portland, Ore., one week before the opening of "The Hills Are Alive..." (Incidentally, there is still space for 15 more, so philanthropists take note.

Last May the Music Boosters held a reception honoring graduating seniors who had received MB scholarships, as well as those who had made a significant contribution to Music Boosters' productions. Scholarship recipients are Leisl Jackson, Amber Farnham and Cindy Neder.

Graduating seniors who have participated in Music Booster productions as members of the cast, crew, or as musicians are, in addition to the three mentioned above, Monica Fehrenbach, Danielle Jaramillo, Dominic Maez, Emily Campbell, Randi Pierce, and Brandon Samples.

It was also announced at the reception that Lisa Hartley, a Music Boosters board member and director of music programs at Pagosa Springs High School, had received the Wal-Mart Teacher of the Year award. She is now qualified in the national competition for Teacher of the Year.

Looking ahead, mark your calendars for Oct. 1-3. These are the dates for the Seventh Annual Southwest Colorado Community Theatre Festival, hosted locally this year by the Pagosa Springs Music Boosters.

The three days will feature guest speakers, seminars and workshops for registered members, with sample productions presented by each participating community theatre group, which are open to the public for a small general admission price.

Participating theater groups will represent Crested Butte, Creede, Silverton, Montrose, Lake City, Telluride, Pagosa Springs and more. There'll be much more information coming about the multitude of events and productions, but save the dates for this first-time ever event for Pagosa Springs.


FolkWest gets matching grant for Four Corners Folk Festival

FolkWest Inc., a nonprofit organization, has been awarded a matching grant from the Colorado Council on the Arts to assist in funding the Four Corners Folk Festival.

Now in its ninth year, the outdoor music festival features nationally and internationally known musicians including Tim O'Brien, Gillian Welch, Eileen Ivers, the subdudes, Eddie From Ohio, Drew Emmitt and Freedom Ride, the John Cowan Band, the Bills, the Pagosa Hot Strings, Ryan Shupe and the RubberBand, the Waybacks, the Marc Atkinson Trio, the Barra MacNeils, the Matt Flinner Quartet and Mark Erelli. The festival will take place Sept. 3-5 on Reservoir Hill.

For 36 years the Colorado Council on the Arts has invested in the cultural life of communities across the state. With public funds derived from an annual appropriation from the Colorado General Assembly and federal funds from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Council has helped cultivate artists, arts organizations and cultural opportunities enjoyed by millions of Coloradans each year. Information about CCA's programs is available on line at www.coloarts. state.co.us.

There are still a few spots available for festival volunteers, who will receive a three-day pass in exchange for their time and energy. Volunteers must be 18 or over.

Tickets to the festival are on sale locally at Moonlight Books and WolfTracks Coffee and Books. Tickets and additional information are available by calling 731-5582 or visiting www.folkwest.com.


Chuck Wagon Cook-Off set by Cattlemen

La Plata-Archuleta Cattlemen's Association will sponsor a Chuck Wagon Cook-Off July 31 with wagons arriving at La Plata County Fairgrounds in Durango July 30.

Cooks from each wagon, plus their helpers, will begin early July 31 preparing food for about 60 people, with all the cooking done in Dutch ovens.

The food, all locally grown, will consist of meat, potatoes, bread, beans, a dessert and a drink. Each wagon will be judged on its authenticity. Each category of food will be judged and ticket holders will be served at 5:30 p.m.

The cook-off will be on the lower baseball field (just west of the rodeo arena).

Tickets, at the gate, are $12.


Unique piano duo featured at Music in the Mountains

By Carole Howard

Special to The PREVIEW

Pianist Antonio Pompa-Baldi performs solo and then joins his wife Emanuela Friscioni in piano for four hands selections to a sold-out Music in the Mountains audience Friday, July 30 at 7 p.m. under the tent at BootJack Ranch on U.S. 160 east of Pagosa Springs.

Composers featured in this concert will include Liszt, Brahms, Rachmaninov and Rubinstein.

Noted for his "warmth, exquisite taste and arresting technique" (Los Angeles Times), Pompa-Baldi emerged from the 11th Van Cliburn International Piano Competition in 2001 with a coveted silver medal. He since has won more than 20 national and international competitions. He has toured throughout the United States, Europe and New Zealand. He has been a soloist with many world-famous orchestras including the Boston Pops, and played at some of the greatest global concert venues including Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center and Milan's Sala Verdi.

Born in Foggia, Italy, Pompa-Baldi began studying piano at the age of four. Highly regarded as a teacher as well as a performer, he recently served as assistant professor at Oberlin Conservatory in Ohio and is currently on the faculty at the Cleveland Institute of Music. He has several recordings to his credit, and has appeared several times on major PBS programs.

Emanuela Friscioni is not only Pompa-Baldi's wife but also an extremely accomplished pianist and teacher in her own right.

She was born in Cantu, Italy, and started studying piano at the age of five. She has participated in several competitions, both national and international, winning many first place prizes over the years.

Since her debut at age nine, Friscioni has played solo recitals and concerts throughout Italy, Switzerland, France and the United States. One Italian critic wrote that her "depth reaches the true essence of expression and musical meaning." In addition to her performing career, Friscioni is an accomplished professor of piano. She now teaches at the Cleveland Institute of Music.

Music in the Mountains requests that no food be brought to the grounds, and that no pets be brought or left in parked vehicles. Prior to the concert and at intermission, finger food, wine, coffee, soft drinks and water will be available for purchase.


Fair's education booth will hold interest for all

By Jim Super

Special to The PREVIEW

It has been said that education and communication are the keys to understanding.

With everything at a premium these days, isn't it nice to find things that are free, especially something that will educate you?

This year the Archuleta County Fair is offering several programs to feed the mind at the Education Booth, Thursday Aug. 5, through Saturday, Aug. 8.

Debra Zenz, fair board member, has been working diligently to bring the finest points of interest to the booth. The armed forces, forestry service and conservationists are just some of the exhibitors that will be showcased this year.

Some others include Pagosa Fire Protection District demonstrating the "Jaws of Life." This is a rescue procedure in which a victim is pried out of a vehicle after an accident. This demonstration alone teaches valuable lessons about the importance of safe driving.

Demonstrations will also be held in the education tent on topics ranging from GPS instruction and fly tying to temporary airbrush tattooing and felting, to name a few.

The education tent will be in operation from noon until the scheduled events have ended, offering an adventure to provoke knowledge seekers of any age.

The fair board thanks all the participants for their efforts and extend thanks to all who visit the education booth.


Teen Center board will meet Aug. 5

By Karen Carpenter

Special to The PREVIEW

The Teen Center Advisory Board will meet 5:30 p.m. Thursday Aug. 5.

We will discuss a major fund-raising idea for the fall. There is a vacancy on this board and we are looking for an interested volunteer to fill it.

Teens, don't forget to lend a hand.

The Teen Center teens will have a food booth at the Duck Race, Aug. 14 in Town Park. This is a fund-raiser for us. Kiwanis was kind enough to offer their space to us and all the cooking hardware and food we might need. Thank you Kiwanis.

Please be sure to stop by our booth when you get the urge to satisfy your "racing" hunger.

Be sure to attend the Teen Center Dance, 7-10 p.m. Friday, July 30. Moe and Shon Webb will bring you the music of hip hop, rap, and rock. We will have dance demonstrations and contests. Food and beverage will be served. There is a $4 admission charge. For ages 13-19. Get your friends together and come join the fun this Friday Night.

The Teen Center is in the Pagosa Springs Community Center on Hot Springs Boulevard and is open 1-8 p.m. weekdays.

The phone number is 264-4152.


Three fair contests canceled

Three of the events scheduled Friday, Aug. 8, at the Archuleta County Fair have been deleted.

Removed from the schedule published last week were the bubble gum contest at 11:30 a.m.; the 1 p.m. potato race and the 1:30 p.m. hula hoop contest.


Food for Thought

Fill the abyss with philosophers

By Karl Isberg

SUN Columnist

I lead a lonely life, and to fill the fearsome void, I arrange dinner parties for philosophers.

This involves detailed planning as regards the guest list.

For example: What about having Nietzsche over for dinner?

Fritz was such a touchy guy. Had some problems with his digestion so, despite his ego-inflating use of terms like Will to Power and Ubermensch, and his exuberant announcements of the death of God he'd probably want consommé and crackers. At heart, he was a mommy's boy. No fun. No invitation.

Immanuel Kant - he'd be a problem. The menu would have to be crafted in light of a dish that could be served to everyone, at all times. That's tough.

Hegel? Let's see, the sausage lasagna would be countered with its antithesis, Waldorf salad, and the resulting entree would be? Too extreme.

Descartes would have to doubt he was eating, until he reached the point he realized he couldn't doubt he was doubting he was eating and, since doubt is a form of thought, he'd get bogged down in identifying being with thinking, then dealing with mind-body problems relative to the enjoyment of food. And all that prior to a rational analysis of the menu. That would take time and the food would get cold. Anyway, he'd probably eat with his mouth open.

Augustine would vigorously deny any pleasure in the meal, pining for the nectar awaiting him (but probably not me) at the eternal table. Who wants a pill at the table?

Sartre would eat, but he wouldn't like it. And he would chain smoke and spew invectives at the other guests. Heidegger would invent new terms for the foods and confuse everyone present.

Why am I considering such things?

Simple: When I am alone - when Kathy flees the scene in search of agreeable company - facing the prospect of cooking a meal, I wonder about the great philosophers in the Western tradition.

Doesn't everyone?

And doesn't everyone generally agree with Georges Sorel when he says " philosophy is, after all, perhaps only the recognition of the abysses which lie on each side of the footpath that the vulgar follow with the serenity of somnambulists"?

I related this quote to a friend the other day.

Why I did this, given the quality of my friends, is a mystery.

My friend was able to pull little meaning from the quote. He heard the name of the author and said: "I have a pair of Sorels that I've used for six winters. Best boots I ever owned."

At least he proved Sorel's point.

Why do philosophers inhabit my fantasy life, instead of sports heroes or rocket scientists?

Easy to explain: I was a marginal athlete and a rotten student in high school, lazy, easily distracted, given to careless behavior - a junior version of what I am today. I didn't idolize athletes who made me look clumsy and uninspired, and I wasn't bright enough to deal with rocket science. I was no better when I first attended college - before they kicked me out. I had not improved much when, after a stint in the music biz, I returned to school.

It was when I returned that I began the study of philosophy and the concept of disciplined (OK, slightly disciplined) scholarship took root.

I found I loved to read philosophy, to engage in argument, to learn obscure terms and, thus endowed with the ability to disorient people, to pretend I was smart.

I was so adept at confusing people and pretending I was smart, I went on to teach the subject, working as an adjunct instructor teaching courses in the department of philosophy at a state college. I was one of the galley slaves, shackled to the oar when the boat needed to move, rewarded with a measly quarterly paycheck.

After 14 years of haphazard work, of bureaucratic whippings delivered for my refusal to seek a terminal degree (I used the excuse that trees should not die for another vapid dissertation), I quit. Or maybe they let me go.

That was 19 years ago, but I have not lost my taste for philosophy. I revisit my favorite thinkers and texts, dipping in and out of the classics like a deranged hummingbird flitting into rare blossoms encountered at random during crazy-quilt flights.

I keep books next to the bed and read snatches at night. With my teensy attention span, that means five or six pages at a time.

I also keep cookbooks next to my bed and read at least one recipe per night. Recipes, when written well, resemble competent philosophical arguments: to the point, rational, proceeding from premises to a conclusion.

It's natural, then, that I associate philosophers with food.

So, there I am, wondering what it would be like to entertain my favorite philosophers, to feed them, to drink and play catch with ideas late into the night in the tradition of The Symposium.

What can I offer them? What kind of music would play in the background? Seating arrangements?

Are there foods that mimic the style, the temper of certain thinkers? Could menus be created to mirror philosophical concepts?

The other night, I pondered dinner with some of the ancients. First, with Socrates.

Wouldn't work: the froggy little fellow would be boorish. One question after another, and no telling what he would do next: indulge or abstain - eat and drink, laugh it up and be merry, or talk about going back to his spare abode, back to snippy Xantippe and his one change of sackcloth.


The conversation would be excellent; the food would leave a lot to be desired. Plato was a geek - a frightfully intelligent geek, but a geek nonetheless. And no fan of sensual fun. If you have Rabelais at one end of a spectrum, Plato sits foursquare at the other pole. A real yawner, foodwise. There's no eating to excess and while pounding down a drink would not be out of the question, ribaldry would not be on the program.

There would be no appreciation of the transmutation of elements in the preparation of food, when fire meets flesh, when acid meets malleable substance. What thrill is there in contemplating the pleasurable results of transformation when you believe the matter being changed is not real? What delight do you take in taste and texture when you work overtime to degrade the evidence of the senses? True, we might have an interesting chat about how the form of a particular food gives rise to the pale imitation we ingest at the table (for the sake of fun I would opt for emanation, ala Plotinus). Plato might briefly be intrigued by the notion of a recipe, it's status as idea and it's relation to clearer, more beautiful truths, but there's no fuel in that. He would leave early.

It's sad, this interior life, but it's all I've got.

Then, I considered a dinner party for interesting fellows, planning meals for Pre-Socratics.

I thought about inviting Pythagoras but realized his constant chatter about mathematics, harmonies and the identity of eternal verities with numbers would limit the chances for fun. He's like a mystical CPA, and we know how much fun CPAs are at a party! Plus, he wouldn't eat beans and he'd insist on strumming a three-stringed lyre. No go.

Parmenides and Zeno were possibilities, until I realized we couldn't get to the end of the meal. Passing food from one side of the table to the other could not occur with Zeno, since motion is an illusion. He would spoil the evening by reminding everyone that, if space consisted of discrete points, the dish of mashed potatoes would have to pass through an infinite series of points on its way from one set of hands to another. It would have to go halfway across the table, then halfway from there on, and halfway from that point on, blah, blah, blah, always half the remaining distance away from another diner. No problem, though, since Parmenides would deny that I could cook food, since becoming is an illusion and nothing can arise from something else. Everything simply is. The beef simply is; I cannot change it.

What kind of meal is that?

I settled on some other ancient thinkers - Milesians and Ephesians alike - incorporating elements they tabbed as the building blocks of the sense world. That is what they were all about, these ancient Greeks - figuring the Ground Zero of Being. Hey, these guys didn't have television. They couldn't watch American Idol - they had to do something!

I'd invite Thales, Anaximenes, Anaximander and Empedocles and park them around my dining room table.

We'd start with ice water, in honor of Thales. He believed the essential element was water.

I would treat Anaximander to an "indeterminate boundless" appetizer - some drippy mass, like hummus.

For Anaximenes, in a nod to his fixation on air, a soufflé would do the trick.

Then, a dish in honor of Empedocles. He proposed four immutable forms of matter: earth, air, fire and water. I could make a soup with the water as the foundation for a stock, mushrooms as earth, a bit of chile pequin as fire and a frothy aioli as air.

To please Anaxagoras, I'd rely on a discussion of kitchen technique: an explanation of how mind (nous) acts on matter to produce the desired product via the recognition and impression of a pattern - a recipe.

Whew. That's a lot of work and, no doubt, the evening would degenerate into tedious hair splitting. So, I'd invite another guest to the table to shake things up.

Heraclitus. The Obscure One, from Ephesus.

Heraclitus focused not so much on the elements of which all things are composed, but on the process of change. He noted that all things are in flux, the "you can never step into the same river twice," gambit.

He's the perfect guest for the cook - for what is cooking but control of flux, mastery of the change of state, coercion of elements into something new?

And change, the process Heraclitus fittingly described as "fire," is not haphazard - just as the processes of the kitchen are not haphazard. There might be novelty, yes, but there is guidance, control of the fire by what Heraclitus called "logos."

Logos - the active presence of pattern (a recipe and the techniques needed to complete it) in fire (the ingredients). Perfecto.

Further, Heraclitus recognized tension is necessary to prompt change - the conflict of opposites. "All is strife," he said. And this fits the kitchen and the planning of the menu as well: Pitting flavors against each other, balancing textures, thinking of colors - all - have a place in the completion of a meal.

Plus - and this would be the puzzling Ephesian's prime quality - Heraclitus was reported to be rather cranky, with a BS tolerance right down near zero.

Yep, Heraclitus it should be. He'd get the party started and weed out the weaklings.

As frosting on the cake, maybe I'll throw all caution to the wind and invite Aristippus and his mom, Arete. They were Cyrenaics and to say they went to extremes, is to downplay their point of view. Sensual pleasure was, for them, the key to enlightenment. Satiation was paramount, overindulgence a rule.

What a crew: a bunch of dotty guys feebly trying to piece together the bedrock of Being; a hair-shirt crank unwilling to get along with anyone (to the point he is said to have lived in a cave), and a mommy and son who believed everything worthwhile feels good and should be indulged to the max.

Whoohah, we'd be having some fun!

Mousakka, anyone?

Let me think about it.


Cruising with Cruse

Visit the wildlife park, you'll be glad you did

By Katherine Cruse

SUN Columnist

It's funny how you can live somewhere and drive right by a place month after month, but never stop in. I'm talking about the Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park on U.S. 84, a few miles south of town.

Hotshot and I went to the wildlife park last November. There was snow on the ground. It was quiet and peaceful, which I liked. But the animals were bored out of their minds, I'm sure, because they didn't have many visitors that day.

The bobcats were pacing back and forth, back and forth. The coyotes and wolves were pacing, around in circles. The bears were trying to make up their minds - hibernate, don't hibernate - so they were pacing, too.

Princess the grizzly was digging a shallow den in the back of her large enclosure.

In the wild, bears might crawl into their dens and not emerge until spring, but the bears at the park tend to wake up from time to time, depending on the temperature.

One of the park's wildlife caretakers showed us around. She carried a box of doughnuts to distract the animals while she went into their enclosures and also to encourage them to come close to the fence and stand still so we could take pictures. But lest you think that fast food is all they get, don't be alarmed. Dick and Vimmie Ray and their staff at the park spend a lot of time making sure the animals there are well taken care of. They get proper nutritious food. They get medical care. They get attention from people who like them. Plus, the caretakers are constantly expanding their knowledge of these animals.

It's not cheap to maintain all these mouths. And then there are the vet bills. The park relies on admission charges and donations.

Besides providing a home for the animals, the park contains an indoor classroom, where visiting groups of school children can handle castoff antlers and porcupine quills and learn about other wild creatures.

The animals at the wildlife park cannot be returned to the wild. Perhaps they were orphaned too young and raised in captivity. Perhaps they have some kind of injury that prevents their return to the wild. Perhaps, like Bob the bull elk, they prefer people to other elk. Bob is the one you see first, in the big pen closest to the highway. Left on his own, Bob would rather follow people around than stick with any herd or go off into the woods.

The Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park networks with similar parks and zoos. Animals are sometimes shipped from one to another, to replace one that has died, to provide a mate, or to reduce a surplus population. When we visited last winter, one of the mountain lions was waiting for a health certificate before being sent to another animal park.

We spent well over an hour wandering the park's unpaved trails and visiting the various animals.

The most popular time to visit is around the 4 p.m. feeding, but any time of day is good.

If you take your visiting grandkids, or your own out-of-school kids, to the Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park this summer, here are some of the animals you'll see and some things you might learn. You might see Pokey the porcupine. (In November, Pokey was definitely living up to her name. Maybe it was the weather that made her so sluggish, or maybe she's like that all the time.) Last month Pokey shed her winter coat, including her quills. A porcupine's quills are just big hairs, after all.

The coyotes, Cody and Casey, not only run around a lot, they dig a lot, continuously upgrading and adding to their network of burrows. No, say the people at the park, they can't dig out of the enclosure.

Bob and the other bull elk are sporting half-grown antlers, covered with summer velvet. These guys have truly impressive antlers; last year one was 6x6 and the other 7x8. (I think that's the number of points on each antler and not height or width of the antlers measured in feet.) The velvet covering starts drying up around the middle of August.

There are currently five bears at the park. Two young black bear females, Honey and Shadow, share a pen. Princess the grizzly and Buster the black bear share a pen. Honey went a little nutso last winter and attacked one of the caretakers, but Ms. Hanson is recovered and is back working at the park, proving that people who like and care for animals are pretty resilient and understanding. All the cages I saw had double-gated entrances, so you don't have to worry about any animal getting out while you're looking in.

Another black bear, 18-year-old Cubby, lives alone in his enclosure. In his younger days, Cubby was a movie star. He's been in several films, most notably "Lonesome Dove." (It was a non-speaking part.)

If you or your toddlers need a break from the big critters, ducks and rabbits also live at the park, although they wander around loose. Maybe one will let you pet it.


Extension Viewpoints

County fair provides 4-H a chance to shine

By Bill Nobles

Preview Columnist

Thursday, July 29 - 4-H Home Economics Contest dry run through, Extension office, 3:30 p.m.; 4-H Outdoor Cooking, Bomkamp residence, 5:30 p.m.

Monday, Aug. 2 - 4-H Home Economics Contest, Extension office, 4 p.m.

Tuesday, Aug. 3 - 4-H Rabbit, Extension office, 10 a.m.

The Archuleta County Fair is fast approaching.

The 4-H program is gearing up for this big-time event. Don't forget to come out to the fair and see the displays, projects and the animals. It will be well worth your time and the Chuckwagon Barbeque, 4:30 p.m. Saturday, will be the best ever with Lone Star Barbeque providing chopped beef.

The 4-H program would like to invite you out to the fair for a great time of fun and excitement.

The livestock shows and the auction are fun to see and participate in if you want to purchase high quality products.

The 4-H members have done a good job raising their market animals, but that's not all there is to the fair. The fair is an opportunity for youth to display their hard work on all types of projects for the year and if you want to know a little more about the program, read on.

- 4-H is America's largest out-of-school education program for boys and girls.

It is a worldwide youth development program available in every state and many countries. Youth, who participate in 4-H, get what all young people need to succeed in life - the confidence, compassion and connections with caring adults to make contributions to their communities.

- 4-H is youth development. It is people sharing, learning, growing and becoming the best they can be.

- 4-H is life skills. Through real-life situations, 4-H helps youth develop life skills such as: communication, citizenship, decision-making, leadership, interpersonal relations and community and global awareness. Youth learn these practical skills through hundreds of projects like cooking, wildlife, livestock, nutrition, sewing, archery and shooting sports, ceramics, electricity, computers, science, and many more.

- 4-H is one of a kind. It provides learning experiences in which youth, with help from parents, interested adults and older youth leaders, grow personally as they develop skills for living. 4-H members have fun while they work and learn together.

- 4-H takes place in meetings, project groups, individual project work, schools, special activities or events. Skills learned through 4-H help youth become better members of their families, communities and world. 4-H participants explore careers and positive leisure-time activities.

- The 4-H Youth Development program creates an educational environment for positive development of culturally diverse youth that enables them to reach their fullest potential. 4-H accomplishes its mission through non-informal education.

- 4-H is family and community-oriented. Parents play a critical role in volunteering with the program to support their children.

A corps of more than 630,000 volunteer 4-H leaders share their time and talents to help 4-H'ers "learn by doing." Work on projects takes place at home, in the yard or around the kitchen table, with guidance from a parent, an older brother or sister, or a neighbor.

The 4-H member needs the support and encouragement of a family and growing together through 4-H strengthens the family.

- 4-H members devote time to community service in a wide variety of projects, ranging from helping the elderly and disabled, to restoring historic sites, to landscaping public buildings to helping preserve their environment.

- 4-H is open to all. 4-H happens everywhere. It is in the city, suburbs and small towns, on farms and ranches.

- The 4-H program is open to all who wish to participate without regard to race, creed, gender, marital status, handicaps or disadvantages, economic or ethnic backgrounds.

- 4-H is a publicly supported informal education program. County, state and federal funds are combined in a unique partnership to support this educational youth development program.

The curriculum is provided through your land-grant university, which in Colorado is Colorado State University. Private funds from individuals, businesses and organizations enhance the 4-H program by providing support for special events, awards, and recognition and support supplemental educational materials.

- 4-H is flexible. Hundreds of projects and activities provide opportunities for all youth regardless of location, race or economic situation. Project and program requirements can be modified to meet the needs and interests of special groups.

Today, 4-H involves more than 6.5 million young people - from the city, from the suburbs, from rural areas, from the farm, and everything in between.

More importantly, the 45 million 4-H alumni point with pride to their experience in developing life skills - telling how much they gained from making oral presentations, record keeping, developing leadership, management and communication skills, practicing the responsibility of citizenship and meeting lifelong friends.

- 4-H youth are more likely than others to report that they succeed in school, getting more As than other youth; are involved as leaders in their school and the community; are looked up to as role models by other youth, and help others in their community.

- 4-H is conducted by the Cooperative Extension System of the nations Land-Grant Universities through a partnership with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and county governments across the country. 4-H today is having a strong impact on youth and on America.

To find out how you can become involved, contact the Archuleta County Extension office or drop by during the Archuleta County Fair. We hope to see you there.


Pagosa Lakes News

High-Tri Triathlon races for 12th year August 14

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center will be a very happening place Saturday, Aug. 14.

The 12th annual High-Tri Triathlon will start from the center at 8 a.m.

Made up of three stages, the race begins with a seven-mile run, followed by a 14-mile mountain bike ride and finishes in the indoor pool with a half-mile swim.

Registrations are still being accepted - right up to 7:30 a.m. on race day. Teams are still being formed Pagosa-style, right up to the last minute.

If you would like to run, bike or swim, call me at the recreation center at 731-2051.

Laurie Heraty has stopped attending the triathlon as a spectator since 1998 when race organizers pulled her out of the ranks and had her running. Fear not; we won't do that to you or to anyone else again. Volunteers, spectators, cheerleaders and all casual observers are welcome.

People ask me why we finish our local triathlon with a swim instead of starting off with the swim. When you consider the origin of the swim, bike and run concept, it all seems quite random. Of the first Ironman on Oahu, John Collins, the founder of Ironman racing, said, " We started with the swim in 1978 because we had few good swimmers and did not want to lose track of anyone. The bike was second because we knew we would be going into the night and did not want anyone on the public roads in the dark on a bike."

There is nothing sacred about the order of events and while it is still a young sport, we can make necessary changes. It is a lot less complicated for us to fit 50-70 athletes into a four-lane, 25-yard indoor pool after natural selection staggers the competition over the course of the run and bike legs of the event.

While road runners, cyclists and swimmers have grown technical and obsessed with gear, splits and training logs, the breed of athletes that get involved in the High-Tri Triathlon are looking for a good time and some adventures in a competitive setting. People go in with the attitude that "this is going to be fun," and afterward they have fun telling stories about their crashes out on the course.

This local triathlon is definitely a sport where you can race in baggy shorts, ride your bike with the straps, and have fun without being intimidated like you might at a typical road triathlon.

The recreation center pool will be closed to lap swim and open swim until 11 a.m. on the day of the triathlon. The rest of the facility, however, will remain open 9 a.m.-9 p.m.

The Pagosa Lakes Swim Team is winding down its competitive season with one last swim meet this weekend. It will be the big one - state championship at the Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. Our best wishes go with the swimmers from Pagosa Springs.

Since the swim team will not be training again until mid-September, lap swimmers will now be able to reserve space throughout the entire day. The 9:30 a.m. water aerobics class will start at 9 a.m. beginning tomorrow.

This coming week buoys will be installed in the northeastern end of Village Lake to demarcate areas that will be off-limits to fishing and boating. For your own safety, please respect the restriction. Hazards from the golf course make this area unsafe.

Nine boats so far have been confiscated by PLPOA's department of property and environmental management. These boats were not locked up to the posts provided. So far, four boats still remain unclaimed. Call the PLPOA administrative office if you are missing a boat (731-5635). Unsecured boats can be a huge safety issue when adventurous children decide to pirate them for a joy spin.

The annual meeting for PLPOA is Saturday. Social hour and voting will begin at 9 a.m. and the meeting will begin at 10 a.m.

Plan on attending the meeting and vote. Your association needs your participation and input.




Trevor Jermaine Jackson

Trevon Jermaine Jackson was born June 5, 2004, in Durango, Colo., to Trina Mestas and Brandon Jackson of Pagosa Springs. Trevon weighed 7 pounds, 12 ounces and was 19 1/4 inches long. Grandparents are Frank and Christine Mestas of Pagosa Springs, Veronica Chavez of Pagosa Springs and Judy Jackson of Flagstaff, Ariz. Great grandparents are Emily and Frank Mestas of Pagosa Springs, Connie Chavez of Pagosa Springs, and Vera and James Peeler of Flagstaff.


Sofia JoAnn Legreca

Jody and Jeffrey Legreca of Las Vegas, Nev., proudly announce the birth of their daughter, Sofia JoAnn on July 2, 2004. Maternal grandparents are Robert and the late JoAnn Haag of Pagosa Springs. Paternal grandparents are Carl and Rosalie Legreca of Las Vegas..




Henry Barsanti

Henry Barsanti, a longtime Albuquerque resident, passed away quietly in his sleep Thursday evening, July 22, at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago, Ill., following a brief illness.

Henry was born Jan. 24, 1911, in Tamarack, Mich., to Achille and Asunta Barsanti. In 1913 his family went to visit relatives in Lucca, Italy, and due to the breakout of World War I, were forced to remain in Italy.

He returned to the United States in 1927 unable to speak English. He served his country during World War II as a foreman in the shipyards in California. Mr. Barsanti began his tailor apprenticeship in Italy at the age of 8, and brought his skills as a master tailor to the U.S., spending a number of years with Stromberg's, and later cofounding Henry's Fine Men's Wear from the late 1950s until his retirement in 1989.

Mr. Barsanti derived great pleasure from being active in his church and various charitable organizations. He was one of the founding chairmen of The Storehouse, and also served on the board of directors of the Goodwill, YMCA and Traveler's Aid. He was also a president of the Downtown Albuquerque Kiwanis Club and an elder at First Presbyterian Church.

In 1935 Henry married Mary Alma (Pat) Nixon, who passed away in 1999. He is survived by his brother, Paolo Barsanti of Lucca, Italy; two sons, Tom (Debra) Barsanti, of Chicago, and Ron Barsanti of Pagosa Springs; four grandchildren, Lisa (James) Campanis of Phillips Ranch, Calif; Kelley Barsanti of Portland, Ore.; Cameron Barsanti of Los Angeles; Matt Barsanti of Chicago; and two great-grandchildren, Alex and Tommy Campanis of Phillips Ranch, Calif. In Italy, niece Doriana (Renzo) Lombardi. In New Mexico, nieces Emma Menicucci, Jan Henfling, Margaret Mann, Mary (Bob) Montgomery and nephew Bob (Judy) Fleming.

Services were scheduled 11 a.m. today at French Mortuary, University Boulevard Chapel in Albuquerque. Interment was to follow at Fairview Memorial Park.

In lieu of flowers, Mr. Barsanti requested that donations be made to The Storehouse, 106 Broadway SE, Albuquerque, NM 87102; (505) 842-6491.

'Mike' Hendricks

"Mike" William Hendricks of Henderson, Nev., died Saturday, July 24, 2004, at St. Rose Dominican Hospital, de Lima Campus, Henderson.

Born April 1, 1931, in Kansas, City, Kan., he was a resident of Henderson since 1969. A U.S. veteran of the Korean War, he was a heavy equipment operator and retired from the construction industry.

Survivors are his wife, Margaret of Henderson; sons Jerry "Gomesindo" Hendricks of Henderson, and Gabriel Hendricks of Pagosa Springs; sisters Georgia Jay of Amarillo, Texas and LaJean Stoddard of Casper, Wyo.; an uncle, Ray (Sally) Slane of Center, Colo.; six grandchildren, and one great-grandchild.

Visitation and preliminary services were held 7 p.m. Tuesday, July 27, 2004, at Palm Mortuary in Henderson. Additional services were 9 a.m. Wednesday, July 28, in St. Peter's Catholic Church with a graveside service following in Southern Nevada Veterans Memorial Cemetery.

Jason Paul Monteferrante

May 20, 1977 - June 4, 2004

Jason was suddenly called back to God on June 4, 2004, after suffering a massive pulmonary embolism while vacationing in Mexico.

Jason had been a resident of San Diego, Calif., after graduating in the top five in his class from Northern Westchester Technical Center in New York with a degree in illustrative art. He was a gifted artist who specialized in cartoon figures.

Survivors are his father, Dr. Ronald Monteferrante, stepmother Pam, and siblings Nikolas, Sierra and Cameron, all of Pagosa Springs; his mother, Dr. Judith Monteferrante, of White Plains, N.Y., maternal grandparents in White Plains, and an aunt, Patricia Koolen, of Williston, Vt.

Funeral services were held at the Church of St. John and Mary in Chappaqua, N.Y. He was laid to rest at Gates of Heaven Cemetery in Valhalla, N.Y.

We pray that Jason is in a place of joy with our Heavenly Father and our loving thoughts and prayers will always be with him. May God bless and love you, my son.

Business News
Biz Beat


With the number of tree-harming insects in the area on the rise, it is a good idea to take preventive measures to preserve the beautiful aspen grove outside your house or the evergreens in your back yard that attracted you to your homesite in the first place.

Craig Taylor of Treecology offers both preventive and curative treatments to trees under attack or at risk of being attacked by harmful insects. Craig will spray your trees at the time it will be most effective for warding off the potential tree-killers. Pests such as aphids, mites, scales and weevils can be eliminated, even after a tree has been infested.

Craig has 25 years of arbo-culture experience, is licensed by the Colorado Department of Agriculture and is insured.

To preserve the longevity of your trees, contact Craig Taylor at Treecology, 731-9634.


Preview Profile


Mercy Korsgren

Facility coordinator, Pagosa Springs Community Center


Where were you born?

"The province of Batangas, 50 miles from Manila."


Where did you go to school?

"I graduated from high school in Batangas and went to college in Manila."


When did you arrive in Pagosa Springs?

"January of 1990, straight from the tropical Philippines to the snowy white mountains."


What did you do before you arrived here?

"I worked for the department of agriculture for 15 years as a research biologist and was head of the diagnostic lab for six."


What are your job responsibilities?

"Managing the activities and programs at the community center by planning and coordinating the events."


What are the most enjoyable and least enjoyable aspects of your job?

"I enjoy working with the people and meeting everyone who comes to use the facilities. The least enjoyable part of my job is having to charge people nominal fees. We need to because it helps to defray the utilities cost of the building."


What is your family background?

"I have been married for 15 years and I have 22 nieces and nephews and six siblings back in the Philippines."


What do you like best about the community?

"The friendly people, the outdoor beauty and the mountains."


What are your other interests?

"Hiking, camping, four-wheeling with my husband, cross-country skiing, playing card and board games and parties."




Darin Lister

Air Force Cadet Darin J. Lister has completed his freshman year (first year) of study at the U.S. Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colo.

Cadets attending the academy are offered a four-year program of instruction and experience designed to provide them the knowledge and character essential for leadership, and the motivation to serve as Air Force career officers. Each cadet graduates with a bachelor of science degree and a commission as a second lieutenant in the Air Force.

The cadet is the son of Cindy and Larry Lister, both of Pagosa Springs, Colo.

He is a 2002 graduate of Pagosa Springs High School.




Stan and Janey Hoffman of Cabool, Mo., are pleased to announce the engagement of their daughter, Dawndy Kim, to Lt. Justin Stone, son of Larry and Kristine Stone of Waynesville, Mo. Justin is the grandson of Rose Smith of Pagosa Springs and nephew of John and Lynnis Steinert. Dawndy is employed by the Waynesville school district and Justin is serving in the U.S. Army at Fort Drum, N.Y. Wedding plans are for Aug. 14, 2004, at the First Baptist Church of Cabool. The couple will reside in Watertown, N.Y.


Cards of Thanks


I would like to express my appreciation for Mitchell Martin. This young man helped me out with my landscaping and excavation when the so-called professional I hired failed to correct mistakes. So Mitchell came along and did more than I originally asked of him. Not only did he do a great job, but would not accept any monetary payment.

I am often amazed at some of our youth's generosity and service to others. I am confident that Mitchell's generosity was instilled not only by his parents' example, but also from the local 4-H program which stresses service to others. Mitchell and his family have been involved in 4-H for years.

Since Mitchell will not accept payment for his help, I am inviting everyone to the 4-H Livestock Auction at the Archuleta County Fair, Aug. 7. Mitchell and his brother have also found time to raise a steer this year. I am not able to buy an animal but I can be an "add-on" buyer - which is someone who donates any amount of money to any or all 4-H Livestock members. I encourage our community to support the 4-H program and the young responsible citizens the program produces.

Pamela Bomkamp

Appaloosa Club

The Four Corners Appaloosa Horse Club thanks those who made our open horse show a success. Thank you to Mike Ray and Don Weber for volunteering their time to make the arena show-ready.

Also, thank you to our buckle sponsors, Jack and Gloria Adams, Jerri and Mona Adams, David and Bonnie Brooks, Allen and Kathy Fullmer (who also donated the adorable lead-line awards) and Diana Kenyon. A big thanks to all our contestants.

Stacie Castro

Public Works

The Public Works Division would like to thank Frank Martinez and the Archuleta County Jail trustees for all the work they have done to improve the appearance of the Archuleta County Road and Bridge offices, and for the work on the grounds, planting trees outside the building. You are our heroes.

Women's Golf

Pagosa Women's Golf Association thanks the many sponsors of the 2004 Pine Cone Classic July 13-14. We are grateful to the many community businesses and individuals who contributed to make this year's event a tremendous success.

There are far too many sponsors to list, however we would like to name our major sponsors. Bonnie Hoover and Jack and Katy Threet have been sponsors of the event since its inception in 1995. We appreciate not only their monetary support but their time and energy.

We were pleased to welcome Dan Aupperle of Citizen's Bank to the list of sponsors this year.

We appreciate Sally Bish of Cruise Planners of Pagosa for her sponsorship of the hole-in-one prizes for four different holes. Thank you Marion Francis and Bank of Colorado for support again this year.

Ray Hensley and Johnny Roberts put their talent to work for the tournament and each donated handcrafted items as door prizes. We appreciate their unique contributions.

This tournament would not have been possible without our numerous volunteers and the Pagosa Springs Golf Club management and staff. Thank you all for your hard work and dedication to the Pagosa Women's Golf Association with this annual tournament.

Audrey Johnson


Sports Page


Two swimmers will represent Pagosa at state

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Teale Kitson had already qualified for state amateur swimming championships this weekend in Colorado Springs.

But the Pagosa Lakes Swim Team member was taking no chances.

He went into the Western Slope championships in Durango Saturday with a mission - and came out of it even more qualified.

He won the regional High Point Award for his age group, 11-12, and as a result will swim seven events in the state finals.

Going into the meet, he was the only Pagosa swimmer qualified for state.

But he will have a partner in the Air Force Academy pool.

Austin Miller, swimming in the 10 and under group, and in his last chance to make state, turned in qualifying times and will represent the club in three events.

Overall, the Pagosa Lakes team finished eighth of 18 teams in the Slope finals with 11 swimmers in competition.

Coach Chris Corcoran felt the team performed well, but might have done better had not several swimmers had prior family commitments.

He noted 39 of the 73 swimmers in competition for the 18 teams at Durango came away with personal best times, indicating the high caliber of competition.

Team members received their awards for the season in special ceremonies Tuesday morning at the Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center. Several expect to travel to Colorado Springs to cheer on their teammates.


Ten Pagosa Lady golfers among leaders in the Chili Pepper Challenge

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

With chili pepper flags adorning the pins on each green and chili pepper tee markers, the Chili Pepper Challenge was a festive golf tournament for women.

The annual invitational was hosted July 20 by Hillcrest Golf Club in Durango with 120 participants from the Four Corners area playing the par 71 course as twosomes in a best-ball gross and net format.

Of the 21 Pagosa Women's Golf Association members who played in the event, 10 either won or placed in their respective flights.

Pacing the local entries were Jan Kilgore and Cherry O'Donnell who captured first place net in the championship flight with 60. O'Donnell also won the closest to the pin award for that flight on the par 3 No. 9 hole.

Josie Hummel and Sho-Jen Lee won second gross in the first flight with an 87. In the second flight, Loretta Campuzano and Marilyn Pruter with Ann White and Lee Wilson, tied for second net with a 67.

Carole Howard and Jody Lawrence were in a three-way tie for third net in the third flight, also with a 67.

Other participants from Pagosa were Jane Day, Julie Pressley, Jane Stewart, Lynne Allison, Audrey Johnson, Sally Bish, Nancy Chitwood, Katy Threet, Maxine Pechin, Judy Horky and Sharon Utz.

The association featured a low gross, low net format for its own league day July 20. Patty Hart captured first gross with a 91 and low net went to Sue Martin with 71.


Prokop wins Men's League's Stableford event

By Richard Broom

Special to The SUN

It was the second Stableford Format tournament of the season and even though it was a slightly different format in which points are awarded instead of just counting strokes, David Prokop showed he still can win.

Normally you win a golf tournament by posting the fewest strokes - but not in the Stableford Scoring System, where the highest score wins. In this format golfers receive points for each hole according to how well the hole is played: 8 points for a net eagle, 5 for points for a net eagle, 2 points for a net birdie, one point for a net par. On the minus side, a point is deducted for a net bogey, two points deducted for a double bogey or worse. Each golfer's final score is the sum of his points (plus or minus).

This was the format for the Men's Golf League July 21.

In the First Flight, Prokop took first with a plus 26; Don Ford (who won the first Stableford of the season) was second with 24; Casey Belarde was third with 20; and Alan Leo and Rick Taylor tied for fourth with 18 points.

In the Second Flight, first place honors went to Ray Henslee with plus 25; second place was a tie with Jim Gregory and Rich Broom at 23; Jack Hummel and Ed Day tied for fourth with 19; and special events closest to the pin awards went to Belarde and Jim Horky.

Although unusual in professional golf, the Stableford System will be used in the next few weeks by the PGA for the International at Castle Rock.

Mens League is two-thirds through the season and is open to all levels. Competition is every Wednesday at 1 p.m. Sign up at the golf course.


21st annual Softball Blowout is Aug. 7-8

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

For two days next week, Pagosa Springs will take on a new identity - Softball Capital of the Southwest.

The 21st annual Softball Blowout, conceived and operated by Sue Jones, will be staged on three fields at the sports complex south of Pagosa Springs High School.

The annual event has grown in number of teams entered every year and Jones is looking for 45 squads this year for the event Aug. 7 and 8.

Each team is allowed a 12-person roster and entry fee is $225 per team. Teams this year will be either male or female, no coed teams allowed. Entry cutoff is noon Aug. 4.

There is no entry fee for fans and, if you love softball, you'll never forgive yourself if you don't take in some of the games, if not all of them.

Action will begin at 8 a.m. each day and continue through 10 p.m., under the lights with games being played simultaneously on three fields. The high school baseball field, usually incorporated into the plan, is not available this year because of sprinkler installation and surface redesign.

What makes the event even more beneficial to Pagosa is the fact Jones contributes all proceeds in excess of costs of operation to local sporting activities.

In the past that has meant new scoreboards, a spotlight and shoes for junior high and high school wrestling; a radar gun and baseball equipment for high school activities; a new backstop for the baseball field.

"There are many wish lists this year," Jones said, but those topping the donations will be a rock wall barrier behind the backstop to stop balls going underneath and into the crowd, and local club baseball programs.

Teams from all over the Four Corners area have regularly entered the tourney and last year a team came from central Wyoming.

The quality of play is stronger than you might expect and the Southwest softball players' world (no fast-pitch) is focused on Pagosa Springs those two days.


First meeting for PSHS golf hopefuls is Aug. 9

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

It was a great year in 2003 for Pagosa Springs High School golf with the squad advancing as a team to state playoffs for the first time ever.

But this is 2004 and time to start anew. Four seniors are gone from the 2003 squad and the lone junior has moved to the east coast.

That means Coach Mark Faber has a rebuilding job on his hands this year and practice will open for all PSHS hopefuls at 5:30 p.m. Monday, Aug. 9 at Pagosa Springs Golf Club.

Faber said the first session will be outdoors beneath the scoreboard next to the practice putting green, barring inclement weather. If it is raining, the meeting will be in the clubhouse restaurant.

Any high school student who wishes to be a member of the Pirate golf squad must come to the first meeting, if possible.

All prospective team members must submit sports physical examinations from their doctor and a parental permission slip.

Faber points out no one will be able to practice or play until both slips have been turned in.

"We'll have a young squad," Faber said, "but if history has taught us anything it is that we can be competitive if the team members are willing to give it their all."

Anyone with questions about the golf program may call Faber at work at 264-2297 or at home at 731-2231.

The squad will open its season with a 9 a.m. start Thursday, Aug. 19, against Durango at the Hillcrest layout in Durango.

The following day, again with a 9 a.m. start, will be the team's lone home event of the season, the Pagosa Pines Invitational at Pagosa Springs Golf Club.

On Aug. 25 and 26 the squad will play in back-to-back Montrose tournaments - the Black Canyon Invitational starting 1 p.m. the first day, and the Cobble Creek Invitational with a 9 a.m. start the next day.

Four days later the squad returns to the Western Slope with another back-to-back schedule.

The golfers play in the Cedaredge Invitational Sept. 2 and the Delta Invitational the following day, both events starting at 9 a.m.

Next on the schedule will be the Monte Vista Invitational Sept. 7 and the Rye Invitational Sept. 14 at the Holly Dot course, which has been home to two of the last three state Class 3A tournaments.

Faber said additional meets may be added as time permits prior to the playoff schedule which has not yet been released.


Pagosa Ladies pick up up 30 league points

By Lynne Allison

Special to the SUN

Pagosa Women's Golf Team and the Pagosa Springs Golf Club hosted team play for the eight teams in the Southwest League July 22.

Pagosa scored 30 points against Aztec Hidden Valley in some closely contested matches.

Representing Pagosa were Barbara Sanborn, Jan Kilgore, Jane Stewart, Sho-Jen Lee, Lynne Allison, Cherry O'Donnell, Josie Hummel and Audrey Johnson.

The Pagosa team currently holds sixth place in the league with the next match scheduled Aug. 19 at Dalton Ranch Golf Club in Durango.


Parks & Rec

Pagosa All-Stars rebound from loss; gain quarterfinals

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist 

The Pagosa Springs All-Star Baseball Team rebounded from an opening round loss to reach the quarter-finals of the Monte Vista Regional All-Star Tournament.

After a tough loss to the Monte Vista "A" Team, the Pagosa Springs All-Star Team fought through the consolation bracket winning back-to-back games on Day 1 to advance.

Every player contributed to the success of the team throughout the tournament. The Pagosa Springs Parks and Recreation Department would like to congratulate the All-Stars on their success and thank the parents and coaches for their support.

Kids concert today

Free, free and free! Music in the Mountains presents Family Festivo, including a free concert and theatrical performance of "Peter and the Wolf" starting at 11 a.m. today in Town Park. Come early, (BYOC) bring your own chair, or a towel to enjoy sitting on the lawn.

Games and a free hot dog lunch will be provided after the performance.

We hope to see everyone there for this inaugural event for Pagosa Springs. The tireless Lisa Scott has put together a great summer activity free to the public. So come join the fun.

Parking will be on the grass at the games field site. If the weather does not cooperate, the high school auditorium has been reserved.

Sports complex update

Julie Jessen, town special projects coordinator, and this department are working toward reapplying for the fall grant cycle for Great Outdoor Colorado (GoCo) funds. Letters of support for this grant would be greatly appreciated.

Mark Garcia, town manager, has released funds to move forward on the engineering and grading of the planned sports complex addition east of 5th Street. We will prepare an RFP for this work and award the job within the next month.

We must move forward on this project and keep applying for grant help because the project is vital to the growing needs of our community.

We are also looking into trail grants to tie into the project, to leverage the pledged monies from Archuleta County, School District 50 Joint, Town of Pagosa Springs and Rotary.

In the master plan we envision a soccer field, a baseball/softball field, trails, rafting/kayaking docks, restroom facilities and an outdoor classroom area.

Hot Springs Boulevard

The irrigation project for the curbscape plantings along Hot Springs Boulevard has taken a giant step forward, with the help of many people.

Matt Mees, Jim Miller, Ken Levine, La Plata Electric, Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District and the town have entered an agreement to irrigate plantings between the curb and sidewalk from Bank of the San Juans north to the Pagosa Chamber of Commerce.

Paperwork begins immediately for proper hookups, with Ken Levine planning to start irrigation Aug. 13. Hopefully, with some good planning and a little luck, we will have sod-covered curbscape by Sept. 1.

Youth soccer sign-ups

Registration for the 2004 Youth Soccer League season is taking place through Aug. 13. Cost per player is $20 ($10 for each additional child).

Age divisions for the league are: 5-6, 7-8, 9-10 and 11-13 (child's age by 10/1/04).

Soccer practices will begin Aug. 23 and continue through Sept. 3.

Games begin Sept. 7 and continue through October on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. Business sponsorship for youth soccer is $150 which includes plaque with team picture, signage, designation in the newspaper and the sponsorship is tax deductible.

Registrations are being taken at Town Hall. For additional information, contact Myles Gabel, recreation supervisor, at 264-4151, Ext. 232, 1-5 p.m. Monday through Friday.

Youth soccer clinics

The department will hold soccer clinics to allow our players the opportunity to "tune up" for the upcoming season. The clinics are free to any paid participant in our soccer program and $10 for all others. Site of clinics will be announced at a later date.

Soccer clinics for specific age groups will be held August 16 -20 on the following schedule:

Aug. 16 - 5-6 year olds, 4-6 p.m.

Aug. 16 - 7-8 year olds, 6-8 p.m.

Aug. 17 - 9-10 year olds, 4-7 p.m.

Aug. 18 - 11-13 year olds, 4-7 p.m.

Open volleyball

Adult open rec volleyball is being held 6-8 p.m. in the community center and will continue through the summer. Participants must be at least sophomores in high school to participate.

Umpires, referees sought

The department continues to seek individuals interested in officiating soccer, volleyball, basketball, softball and baseball. Contact Myles Gabel immediately, if interested. Pay is $15-$25 per game.



Building the bandwagon

A few weeks back, in response to comments made by Sen. Jim Isgar and Rep. Mark Larson in their monthly summer col-umns, a writer in our Letters section accused The SUN of jumping on "the bandwagon" against TABOR.

Not so: We have opposed elements of TABOR since its birth. We helped put the wheels on the bandwagon and will continue to argue for changes to the amendment as well as to its tag-team partner, Amendment 23. And, for good measure, at another time, to the Gallagher Amendment

Make no mistake, there is no argument here against voter-approved tax increases. Every tax increase should be approved by those who will pay it. But, aspects of an amendment that hinder the effective progress of state government, when and if that government is conducted in a fiscally responsible manner, should be changed, as should legislators who act irresponsibly. Programs critical to the common good (and we recognize programs that are to the contrary) now suffer because too many voters encountered a complex ballot question, saw words like "surplus revenue" and "refund," then responded with no way to predict how the amendment might hamper recovery when economic downturns ease.

Yes, there are legitimate arguments to be made concerning mismanagement in government; there are valid arguments to be made about the spending tendencies of certain legislators. But there are valid points to be made about the detrimental impact of some of TABOR's aspects on institutions and programs needed for a vital future in Colorado. Programs such as higher education, highway funding, youth and human services, do their work now so that the effect of those works are felt in the future. They are hurting. Without their products, we face poorer prospects down the line. The money must be spent well, but it must be there to spend.

When TABOR links with Amendment 23 and the required annual increases in K-12 education funding, the blow is terrific. Next year, TABOR cuts $1.3 billion from spending authority while 23 requires funding for student growth, plus inflation, plus 1 percent.

The shame here is some of our legislators and our governor have not finished a reform plan for the November ballot, much less dealt with problems such as TABOR "loophole" programs. In June, Gov. Owens and legislators drew up a preliminary plan that would ask voters, among other things, to allow the state to keep $400 million in excess of the TABOR limit - money that would ordinarily be refunded, for two fiscal years, beginning in 2005. It would alter 23 to delay 1-percent hikes in 2005-2008 fiscal years. The governor suggested reforming TABOR relative to its "ratchet effect." Yet some legislators claim the governor made political hay, saying one thing in one location and the opposite in another. The President of the Senate argued against any change in TABOR and for change only to 23. Some members of his own party rejected a compromise solution offered by a Democrat. There is no consensus among our solons, no agreed upon way out. A special session of the Legislature will probably not take place.

Now, it seems the issue will go before the voters in November in the form of a Campaign for Colorado initiative that, as of this week, is said to have sufficient signatures. Larson put it well in a recent communication: "Through it all, it has become clear that this citizen-created constitutional amendment must also be fixed by the citizens who approved it if that is their will."

We believe citizens should fix the problems with TABOR - not do away with it - and deal with Amendment 23. We wish our elected officials had the skills and determination to do their work as well.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

I will never do that again. Ha!

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

I vowed I'd never do it again.

I'd packed, carried and moved enough boxes the last time to last a lifetime. Some of them haven't even been unpacked yet and it was over seven years ago that we returned to Pagosa.

Then came the big transformation of The SUN offices. Simple idea: Let's move everything in front to the back and everything in back to the front.

Computers, printers, fax machines, telephones, years of notes, official documents, books, resource material, paper clips, pens, pencils ... yeah, you know, everything that has accumulated since - well, since the old front end store became the editorial offices.

And so we packed, and disposed of, and moved more things than it seemed possible ever could have been in those spaces.

Todd, Robert, Tom and Buck moved and rebuilt cubicles. Carpets were cleaned as were chairs, shelves and other exposed surfaces.

Black was the predominant color - of hands, faces and clothing - before the moving was completed.

Terri got a new office and with the help of Randi and others it was painted, her new desk swathed in plastic to avoid the tiny telltale signs of progress.

The advertising representatives - Shari, Kanaka and Jacque found themselves in the space where Karl, Tom, Tess and I once turned out deathless prose.

Still to be completed was the cubicle for a new sales rep arriving soon. But the moving was all done - except for tons of trash to dump.

And then, a weather-related woe the crew had to confront - runoff leakage flowing in under the back overhead door and running down into the pressroom.

The most welcome rain came so fast it had nowhere to go but down the nearest slope. Waste newsprint soaked it up.

Still, there were some humorous moments in the stress.

Photos missing for years suddenly turned up and we tried to identify the subjects therein. Some new phone lines were needed because those already there were too short for the new newsroom layout. And, for a while some of us were speechless to the outside world.

Faxes still arrived, but copying machines were not yet linked to computers for proofing purposes.

Computer terminals became connected, gradually, to Internet and e-mail and slowly, but surely, the new operational setup took shape.

Computers, printers, faxes - great. But what about the oldest need in an office, the pencil sharpener? Where would it go? Jacque and I seem to be the only ones who actually still use pencils and I got it, by seniority, with the caveat she'll get to use it whenever she needs to make a point.

The new newsroom facility, with Karl in his private office, has at least two unusual features - a refrigerator-freezer with ice-maker (once ensconced in the break room, now Terri's new office), and the microwave from the same break room.

Missy and Marcella seem mystified by the confusion. Their classified advertising and customer service area was not involved - yet!



90 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era files of July 31, 1914

Jack Keane will cut nearly 200 tons of hay this season on his Upper Piedra ranches. O.C. Reed in the same vicinity will harvest 150 tons.

Tango Professor Max Mickey came in Saturday with his sample trunks of novelty and fancy goods, selling to the local merchants. He is certainly making good in his new line of work.

Walter Zabriskie, the Pagosa Junction merchant, came up this week in his big touring car and spent several days in fishing and looking over our fine country.

Born's Lake, one of the most beautiful and accessible resort lakes in the vicinity of Pagosa Springs, is now open for guests and the road will be in condition for auto travel in about ten days.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of August 2, 1929

The Women's Civic Club realized twenty-six dollars from their ice cream social at the Alley variety store last Saturday afternoon. The club wishes to extend thanks to all who so willingly helped to make this a success.

The Women's Civic Club will conduct an art exhibit at the public library next Friday afternoon and evening, August 9th. There will be no charge for the exhibit. The paintings to be shown are from the brush of Mr. Willis Brooks of Colorado Springs, artist with C.E. Lord, the photographer.

The City Garage announces the following Chevrolet sales for the past week: Mrs. Myrtle Halfhill, coach; Ray Duncan, 1-1/2 ton truck.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of July 30, 1954

Over 74,000 native and rainbow fry were planted in this area last week-end by the State Game and Fish Department with 48,000 of these being planted by airplane. The other 52 cans of fish were planted in some of the smaller streams and beaver ponds with some packed in on horses and some taken in by Jeep and power wagon. The 48,000 fish planted by airplane were all planted in higher altitude lakes with plants being made in Buckles, Crater, Hossick, Fish, Granite and Divide lakes.

The County Commissioners this week appointed Phillip R. Johnson to replace J.T. Martinez as County Judge effective August 1st. J.T. Martinez passed away last week after holding the position for 20 years.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of August 2, 1979

July has been very dry and weather records show that it is the driest July of record in the past 20 years. Surrounding areas have been receiving some light showers but most of Archuleta County has had very little rain during the month. The lack of rain plus high temperatures, have dried up much of the lower country. August will bring more hot weather and it normally brings a fair amount of rain.

A public meeting held by the town board last week to hear comments on the proposed town development plan was attended by about 50 persons, with several residents of adjacent areas in attendance. Most of the audience discussion centered around land use regulations, or recommendations.




Growing Pains: Seeds of learning begins campaign for new building

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Seeds of Learning Family Center is planning a transplant.

Their goal is to build new digs at 7th and Apache streets - a 5,300 square-foot building that would double the preschool space, allowing the center to meet the needs of a 16-person waiting list, as well as increased storage, and staffing space and add conference room for on-going education and parenting classes.

"We're basically crammed in here," Lynn Bridges, the center's director said, looking around the current facility which serves 20 children ages 18 months to 5 years. Storage and office space is so tight, it takes something akin to an acrobat to navigate the current conference room. And square footage meets state requirements, but barely.

"Ninety-five percent of the reason for doing this is to double the preschool," Bridges said. "There is such a need in Archuleta County." In fact, the waiting list has been as high as 20 at times.

Bridges said Seeds of Learning has been in its current building on San Juan Street, which once served as the Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center and is owned by the town, for five years - much longer than expected. The growing pains have simply gotten to be too much. Still, she said, it's been a blessing to have any building and the town's generosity has been vital to the success and affordability of the program.

In fact, she said, the town has agreed to a long-term lease on the property on which the new building will sit.

"That was huge for us," she said. "That was 50 percent of the battle." From there, they used reserves to hire Albert Moore and Associates, architects and planners, to create a plan for the building. That's done now, except for some final details on roofing materials and such.

The floor plan for the new building shows a preschool class and toddler class across the hall from each other - each with their own bathrooms and multipurpose rooms and outside play area. The building would also include a lobby with a waiting area, office space, staff room, a kitchen and conference room. The parking configuration shows six staff spaces, 10 visitor spaces and a pick-up and drop-off lane under a covered entry.

"Seeds of Learning is more than just an early education center," Bridges said. "We serve low-income families, at-risk families, provide resource and referral services, monthly potlucks for parents and educational programming."

The center currently participates in the Colorado Preschool Program, one of only two available in the county, cooperates with both Pagosa Springs High School and Archuleta County High School in youth-to-work and similar programs, offers a 12-week parenting course once a year, facilitates Week of the Young Child programming and allows San Juan Kids and Community Connections to use the facility on Saturdays for a special needs therapeutic play group. They also reserve nine of their current 20 slots for a childcare assistance program through the Department of Social Services which helps parents afford childcare.

Currently, the center is staffed with five full-time teachers, a director and a part-time office administrator. When the new facility is up and running, Bridges said, adding another 10 children to the preschool will require adding two additional teacher's aides. It's mission statement is: "To provide a nurturing, safe environment with a focus on developing social skills, meeting developmental needs, and providing educational training for children ages 18 months to 5 years."

The real challenge is yet to come - raising the $600,000-$800,000 needed to build the dream. That starts now.

Kim Moore, one of nine Seeds of Learning board members and head of the fund campaign said, after two years of talking, the time for action has come. Already, the center has secured a $50,000 matching grant from the Daniel's Foundation. Moore said they have until some time this winter to raise their $50,000 to match.

Bridges added that anyone who donates now will have the opportunity to "double their money," through the match. The board is also working with local resident Tom Steen, developing a number of other grant applications.

In addition to those efforts, Moore said, the group is sponsoring an ice cream booth at the county fair and is planning the annual Christmas Tour of Homes for the first week in December. Members of the board will also be approaching businesses and certain private individuals on a one-on-one basis to describe certain state and federal tax credit programs as well as help fulfill matching obligations.

Moore said this spring the state renewed the Child Care Contribution Credit first enacted in 2000. This law allows any taxpayer who makes a monetary contribution to promote child care in Colorado to claim an income tax credit of 50 percent of the total contribution.

A federal tax benefit of 35 percent is also available for similar donations.

"It can actually help you get money back and at the same time help give to a new school that will be a benefit for years to come for both the children and future adults of Archuleta County," Moore said. "This center belongs to the community and to Archuleta County."

Donations to the Seeds of Learning building project may be sent to: Seeds of Learning, P.O. Box 5831, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147. The donations should be clearly marked "capital campaign." For more information on the availability of tax credits for childcare contributions, contact Kim Moore, 731-0426, or Dave Nasralla, 731-0411.

Other members of the Seeds of Learning Family Center Board of Directors are: Rev. Donald A. Ford, Ross Aragon, Walt Moore, Susan Thorpe, Erlinda Gonzales, Richard Manley and Carole Nasralla.


Pagosa's Past

Kit Carson treaty with Utes drew focus to Conejos

John M. Motter

Staff Writer

The 1868 Kit Carson treaty completed between Utes and the U.S. provided the beginning step for settlement of what we know as Pagosa Country.

Prior to 1868, the Utes occupied all of western Colorado and much of the mountainous region of the east slope, excepting only those mining areas excluded by the treaty of 1864.

Hispanics from New Mexico had been attempting to settle in the San Luis Valley at least since the early 1820s. Mostly, the Utes rebuffed these attempts by burning the settlers' cabins.

The U.S. brought some protection for settlers in 1852 when it established first Fort Massachusetts and later Fort Garland on the east side of the valley.

Finally, New Mexico's territorial governor, David Meriwether, sent Col. Tomas T. Fauntleroy with over 500 men against a combined Ute- Jicarilla force in 1855. After several battles the Indians were defeated and a treaty signed at Abiquiu.

Many years passed before an agreement was reached with the Utes in 1864, although only one of the many Ute bands signed the agreement.

The Americans kept coming, lured by gold claims deeper and deeper within lands claimed by the Utes. Another treaty signing was scheduled, this one at Conejos.

A look at the community of Conejos at that time seems in order. Last week we discussed several land grant attempts for the Conejos area, all of them failures.

It is believed that Jose Maria Jaquez built the first house in Guadalupe in the vicinity of what was to become Conejos. This settlement was across the river north of Conejos. The last names of family heads who came with Jaquez at that time were Velasquez, Vigil, Manchego, Martinez, Lafayette Head (an Anglo), Chavez, Atencio and Espinosa.

Other settlers soon followed, establishing the nearby communities of Los Rincones, Lobatos, Espinosa, La Isla and Los Cerritos. A traveler in the area may still see some of these names, even though most of these communities have long since been abandoned.

The homes of those times were built with vertical logs, one end in the ground, the cracks between logs chinked with adobe. They were usually "L" shaped and are referred to as "jacals." A porch often followed one wall and was used to get from room to room.

Settlement was made near a source of irrigation water so that crops and gardens could be raised. Homes constructed of horizontal logs came later. A square stockade for defense against Indians might be constructed in the center of the community.

The new community spread across the river where it became Conejos. Colorado's first church was dedicated there in 1863 by Bishop Lamy, of Albuquerque. That church burned in 1926. The towers were saved, the burned portion rebuilt, and the entire edifice remains in place for today's visitor.

And so, when the treaty commissioners arrived in 1868 to deal with the Utes, a small placita was in place, surrounded by other, smaller placitas. The 1870 census of Conejos County taxpayers showed the following populations:

Plaza de Guadalupe - 65; Plaza de Las Mecitas - 23; Plaza de San Rafael - 27; Plaza de Canon - 22; Plaza de Senicero - 53; Plaza de Serbilleta - 19; Plaza de Los Pinos y San Antonio - 46; Plaza de Los Serritos - 31; Plaza de Los Isla - 35; Plaza de Los Rincones - 23, Plaza de Los Sauces - 23; Plaza del Alamosa - 21 (not to be confused with present Alamosa which was not founded until the railroad came through in 1876); Plaza de La Loma Abajo - 23; and Plaza de La Arriba - 40.

Notice, there was no Pagosa Country settlement at this time. Many of today's Pagosa Country Hispanic citizens trace their ancestrage back to the old community of Conejos or a nearby community.

Lovers of pioneer history will enjoy a visit to the area with its many old adobe structures and rich traditions.

More next week on the 1868 Kit Carson treaty negotiated at Conejos.


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Fewer monsoon showers forecast for weekend

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Daily mixtures of clouds and sun are expected to dominate Pagosa Country's weather lineup for the next seven days.

Also on the Four Corners roster is the chance for afternoon thunderstorms, though the heaviest activity is predicted to take place during the early part of next week.

"We're basically looking for a ridge of high pressure to build over the area through Saturday and then begin to fade by late Sunday," explains Mike Chamberlain, a forecaster with the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction.

"By Monday, we'll have a better shot at drawing subtropical moisture north into the region from Arizona and New Mexico," said Chamberlain.

"The San Juans will have the best chance for rainfall, but we also expect decent moisture at lower elevations," added Chamberlain.

"Overall, it looks like we could dry out a little heading into the weekend, but there will still be enough residual moisture to produce some good rain," he concluded.

According to Chamberlain, mostly-sunny skies should give way to isolated thunderstorms by late this afternoon.

High temperatures are expected to hit the mid-80s, and lows are predicted in the 50s.

Friday's forecast calls for a lesser chance of afternoon thunderstorms, highs in the 80s and lows in the upper 40s to low 50s.

The trend toward drier conditions is expected to continue into the weekend as well, as Saturday and Sunday call for a 20-percent chance of rain, highs around 80 and lows in the 50s.

The trio of forecasts for Monday Tuesday and Wednesday include a 30- to 40-percent chance for thunderstorms and highs in the 75-85 range. Lows each day should fall into the upper-40s.

The average high temperature recorded last week in Pagosa Springs was 75 degrees. The average low was 45. Moisture totals for the week amounted to just under four-tenths of an inch.

As of Tuesday, rainfall totals for the month stood at 1.33 inches, or .48 inches shy of the historical average (1.81 inches) for the month of July in Pagosa Springs.

The Pagosa Ranger District rates the area fire danger as "moderate." For updates on federal fire restrictions, call the Pagosa Ranger District office at 264-2268.

San Juan River flow through town ranged from an average of about 115 cubic feet per second to a high of 500 cubic feet per second last week.

The river's historic median flow for the week of July 29 is roughly 150 cubic feet per second.