July 8, 2004 

Front Page

Mill levy hike for road care likely on ballot

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Would you be willing to pay higher taxes in exchange for better road maintenance in Archuleta County?

Based on actions taken this week by the county board of commissioners, it's a question county residents will likely be asked to consider when stepping to the polls during the Nov. 2 General Election.

At the request of Bill Steele, county administrator, the board unanimously carried a motion instructing staff to finalize information necessary to present the question of a mill levy increase, including the resulting scenarios of a "yes" or "no" vote, for presentation to the board and public at a later date.

According to Steele, that presentation "of what to expect" with regard to future county road maintenance policies - whether or not a potential mill levy is approved - will likely occur within the next six weeks.

The question of a mill levy increase related to the betterment of county roadways has been placed on the ballot, and voted down, in the past.

What will make this year's attempt different, said Steele, is the notion that "we are going to do our absolute best to put as much on the table in front of the voters as possible."

Though in draft form, a good deal of that information was present in the courthouse meeting room Tuesday.

For example, on hand were a highly-detailed county road map and corresponding "road functional classification list."

Steele indicated both are in need of some minor revisions, but close to final form.

In addition, preliminary flow charts outlining potential paths of county action pending voter approval or denial of a mill levy hike were made available for review.

Steele indicated complete maps and classifications, as well as information and discussion pertaining to the specifics of each voting scenario will be handled during the presentation to the board and public.

"That's when we can get into the nitty-gritty details, here," explained Steele.

However, one element of both flow charts, a highlighted box labeled "regardless of vote outcome" suggests the idea of establishing a "filtering process" to determine which roads the county will maintain in the future is likely to remain constant.

Specifically, the "filter" process would apparently apply to all new and future roads from the date of the vote forward, including "private roads serving two of more parcels, which majority of owners want to become public rights of way and eligible for county maintenance."

In addition, roads serving properties that are all undeveloped would also become eligible for review under the filtering system "when a parcel becomes developed," according to the flow charts.

Examples of criteria listed in the proposed filtering process include determinations of whether or not such a road meets current county road and bridge specifications, are self-supporting and serve county residents.

According to the flow charts, if the answer is "yes" to all criteria, the route in question would become a county road, right of way or easement maintained by the county during winter and summer months.

If the answer is "no" to at least one criterion, such a roadway would be classified as a public right of way and would not be maintained by the county.

Roads that fail to meet the criteria, however, could eventually be considered for acceptance into the county maintenance system if "residents upgrade road to meet failed criteria, or residents form metro district, or road character changes over time."

Though further details of the proposal were not discussed at length, overall, the general idea drew favorable comments from the board prior to the motion to proceed.

Commissioner Alden Ecker voiced support for the initiative, indicating he feels the plan "is very workable."

Likewise, "I certainly endorse moving forward," added Commissioner Bill Downey.

Commissioner Mamie Lynch acknowledged she "has been hesitant" in the past to consider taking new roads into the county system, but concluded she is willing "to let the public have the final say."

Date and time of the work session addressing the aspects of the proposed mill levy will be announced in The SUN when available.


5-1 vote OKs health board position statement

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The Upper San Juan Health Service District Board continued to wade through the past and work toward a solvent future at a special meeting Tuesday.

The debate began when the board considered adopting the position statement six board-members publicized during their campaign for election in May.

The statement outlined a future for the district to include an integrated health care system with the ultimate goal of providing "Š services to the community that are not already being delivered by our local private providers, including EMS, indigent care and Medicaid."

Achieving those goals, under the plan, would require using current buildings to create a hub of diagnostics and equipment for use by a physician group contracted by the district and by visiting specialists.

A closer working relationship with Mercy Medical Center, better recruitment efforts, improved communication between health care practitioners and an improved urgent care system, so that fewer patients needed to be transported out of the district, were other goals.

From the audience, Dick Babillis suggested putting the position statement "in the same pot" with a strategic plan passed by the former board in February.

Board chairman Pam Hopkins said the position statement could "supercede" any decisions or direction approved by the former board.

Bob Scott, board member, said although further research is needed, he believes at least parts of the two documents are in conflict with each other.

From the audience, Pat Rydz questioned adopting any plan for the future without public hearings and discussion of the pubic versus private issue.

"What this board seems to be recommending is that the revenue-generating functions of the district would basically be referred to the private doctors, is that right?" she asked.

J. R. Ford, another audience member, said what the district is trying to do is create a financially-sound system whereby private physicians and a publicly-supported clinic are not in competition for the same patients.

Pagosa, he said, is not big enough to support two or three separate practices. One will always fail.

To take care of the indigent, Jim Knoll said from the audience, and be financially solvent, the district would have to privatize.

"This (privatization) is the only option this board can take to have a healthy district," board member Bob Goodman said.

Hopkins added that all district meetings to discuss this have been open to the public. She did suggest the possibility of having a standing committee review both the strategic plan currently in place and the position statement to come up with a combination that might work for the district.

"I think it's a misallocation of resources and time to focus on that issue," Scott said, alluding to more pressing financial problems. Instead, he moved to accept the position statement on its own. His motion passed on a 5-1 vote.

Allen Hughes, interim business manager for the district, outlined some of the financial concerns in a weekly report presented to the board.

According to his report, "As of July 1, 2004 we have approximately $120,000 in bills from the last administration. I plan on paying off those accounts 90-plus days delinquent. Vendors are willing to work with us to resolve late accounts, but we are still paying substantial dollars for late fees."

As of June, he said, the district was about $48,000 in the hole. EMS is four months behind in billing. At the clinic, 47 percent of accounts receivable are 120 days over due. In both instances, he said, people are working diligently to get caught up and find ways to save money.

Still, overdue bills continue to crop up.

Hughes said in one instance, a supplemental insurance agency called to say the district owed an estimated $16,000 in premium payments. The payments were supposed to be covered through money taken out of employee's checks matched with district funds.

"Of all the issues, that's the one that hit close to home," Hughes said. "That's theft from the employees and I don't tolerate that."

He added that, so far, it appears the company will work with the district so there is no break in coverage.

A complete financial picture of the district is expected to be presented at the July 20 regular meeting set for 7 p.m. in the board room at Fire Station 1 on North Pagosa Boulevard.

The board also approved two requests for money from the Dr. Mary Fisher Foundation - totaling about $5,800.

The first request was to pay an outstanding bill - this one an estimated $1,650 for a Web site designed but not up and running.

Larry Escude, EMT, said the Web site design was ordered in September of 2003 and included sections on emergency medical services, administration, board meeting minutes and agendas and the clinic.

Because the site was supposed to allow for an easier and better controlled way for employees in EMS to sign up for shifts, Escude said, the EMT Association has offered to pay for half of the outstanding bill to get things up and running. He initially asked for approval from the board to go to the foundation for the other half. Escude offered to volunteer the time needed to update the site on an ongoing basis.

The board approved the $825 request, plus an additional $200 for training or references manuals to allow Escude to learn the skills necessary to keep the site current.

The second request headed to the foundation is for $4,800 to purchase a new X-ray film processor for the clinic.

Hughes said repairing the current unit, which hasn't been maintained properly and sometimes fails to process the X-ray film, would cost an estimated $2,300, almost half the cost of a new one.

With the current state of finances, he said, the district cannot afford to purchase the equipment, or even repair it.

The foundation board meets today to consider those requests and other business.


Town sewer woe solution suggests user rate increases

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Funding a $2 million wastewater treatment plant will require an $18 increase in quarterly user fees - even with a possible $500,000 in grant funds.

That's the bottom line according to a memorandum by Integrated Utilities Group, Inc., presented to the town council at its regular meeting Tuesday. Integrated Utilities Group, Inc., is a consulting group hired by the Pagosa Springs Sanitation District in April to conduct a wastewater rate study.

According to their study, covering loan payments for the new treatment plant being considered for construction in 2005, plus operation and maintenance costs would require user fees of $352,800 in 2005, increasing to $530,242 in 2008, the end of the consultants's projections.

To reach those goals, the $18 is only a beginning.

"In order to cash-finance its scheduled capital improvements other than the wastewater treatment plant, we recommend that the district increase its user charge in 2006 to $25 per ERT or to $75 per ERT per quarter."

Currently, the town's sanitation district charges customers a monthly rate per ERT, or equivalent residential tap. One tap is assumed to use 243 gallons per day. Customers are billed quarterly at a rate of $34.50 per tap. That would increase to $52.50, and then, in 2006 to $75 under the consultant's recommendation.

Town Manager Mark Garcia told the sanitation district board (made up of the members of the town council) that recommendations as far as connection fees for new users, also expected to be higher, had not been finalized.

Council member Darrell Cotton said the idea of raising rates to that extent makes him uncomfortable without more information.

"I think we need to see a full package of options," he added.

Several council members were concerned with the assumption of $500,000 in unsecured grant monies built into the consultant's recommendations. Bill Whitbred suggested considering a possible rebate plan to make sure the town is covered without having to raise rates more than once.

The district began looking at funding options for construction of a new wastewater treatment plant in March when the state issued a "notice of significant noncompliance," regarding the lagoon system constructed in 1997.

According to the notice, monthly testing from February 2003 to November 2003 revealed the district had exceeded permitted conditions 10 different times. The problems involved outflow limitations for ammonia, total residual chlorine, dissolved oxygen and fecal coliform.

The current lagoon system was built to last 6-10 years and is operating under a temporary permit from the state.

In response to the state's notice, the town hired engineer Patrick O'Brien to present options and cost estimates for fixing the problem.

The result was a two-step plan. As an immediate help, four surface aerators recently rebuilt in Farmington at a cost of $13,000 will be installed to increase the amount of oxygen available in the lagoons, allowing the biological bugs to live longer and consume more wastes.

The second phase is construction of a new treatment plant. O'Brien has presented three options ranging in cost from $1.6 to $2 million.

Phil Starks, sanitation supervisor, said two options require completely new construction. One option would modify the existing system. All of the options would increase the plant's maximum capacity from a little under 500,000 gallons per day to 1 million gallons per day. Each would also keep the biomass alive as effluent is released from the various cells.

Currently, Starks said, the bugs which consume the waste in the water are lost every time the effluent is released. Any of the upgrades would include a mechanical system to siphon the water out of the cell and keep the "bugs" alive and ready to eat.

Garcia said if final rate study results are available in time, he will present a variety of options regarding the rate study and plant construction at a special town council and sanitation district meeting set for noon July 15 in Town Hall.


Voters have only two days

left to register for primary

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

If you are not yet registered to vote in the Aug. 10 primary election, you have only two more days in which you can do so - Friday and Monday.

Registration for party primaries closes at the end of business hours Monday in the office of County Clerk June Madrid.

And, if you are not registered, you apparently are part of the minority in the county.

Madrid said, as of Wednesday morning, there were 8,228 registered votes in the county with 4,492 Republicans, 1,699 Democrats and 1,998 Unaffiliated.

Thirty-nine other voters were registered in five other parties.

On a percentage basis, current county data shows 54.59 percent of registered voters are Republican, 1,699 Democrat, 1,998 Unaffiliated; 24 Green, 12 Libertarian, and one each American Constitution, Natural Law and Reform.

In order to register, a prospective voter must come to the clerk's office in the county courthouse downtown.

Each registering voter must provide identification - a driver's license, the last four digits of a Social Security number or a driver's license number.

Unaffiliated voters who want to vote in a party primary can affiliate with one or another of the two major political party at the polling place on election day. They can change back to unaffiliated status after the election by coming into the clerk's office.

In the General Election in November, all voters get the same ballot so the unaffiliated can cast votes for candidates from any party on the ballot. In the primary, voters must request a specific party ballot.

Madrid reminded voters they must show identification at the polling place, too. They can vote without that ID, but must first fill out a "provisional voter packet" and be aware their vote will not be immediately counted.

"All provisional votes are set aside for counting after all the others have been totaled," she said. "They must be totaled and tabulated within eight days of the election."

Voters intending to switch from Unaffiliated to a major party for the primary should call the clerk's office at 264-8350 to find out where their polling place is.

And, a final reminder: Bring adequate identification with you when you go to the polling place.

 Inside The Sun

Picnic to welcome two Irish youths

Everyone is invited to welcome Helen Anderson and Niamh McKernan from Northern Ireland and the Children's Project of Northern Ireland at a bring-your-own picnic in Town Park 4 p.m. Sunday, July 18.

For anyone interested there will also be a softball game shortly after the picnic.


Pagosa scholarship winner visits Washington, D.C.

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

He spent four days in Washington, D.C., hobnobbing with the legislators.

He got to tell his story to a number of them and to those who deal with securing funds for some of the dread diseases of our time.

A doctor? A state legislator? A fund-raiser?

Not this Pagosan.

He's a 2004 graduate of Pagosa Springs High School who will be attending the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque this fall.

He'll major in architecture.

Why, then, would he be involved in a medically-related trip to the nation's capitol?

Drew Fisher was the only Colorado resident recipient of a scholarship from Patient Advocate Friends, a nationwide organization which has as its aim the securing of funds to back medical research and also providing scholarships for survivors.

Drew, son of Gary and Kelly Fisher of Pagosa Springs, fit the parameters for a scholarship.

He has recovered from a life-threatening brain tumor when he was 8, with some minor (to him) limitations that would hamper most of us.

He played on the high school varsity soccer team, was a 3.0 or better student, and has been working to provide additional funds for his collegiate years.

He said the three scholarship winners nationwide were asked to describe for the foundation the effects they overcame and to talk to Colorado's legislators about increasing funding for medical research and treatment.

"Most of those attending were from the East Coast," he said. "I guess it was easier for them to get there."

The foundation paid for his transportation, put him up in a five-star hotel, and helped him make his way around the city.

The scholarship -- $20,000 over four years, renewable for grad school.

He has to maintain a 3.0 or better average and perform 20 hours of community service per year to retain the collegiate stipend.

He's ready to go and don't for a minute think he's not thankful.

"I knew where I wanted to go and what I wanted to study. What I didn't know for sure was where the money would come from."

"My mother began searching for support funds for me last year and came across the story of Patient Advocate Friends. We filled out an application and sent it in ... and I was selected."

Handicap is not a word in his vocabulary.

"Thanks," most definitely is.


Land use procedure advances

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

It came last on the agenda, but was of primary concern.

In what Commissioner Mamie Lynch described Tuesday as "a giant, giant step," the Archuleta County Board of Commissioners voted unanimously in favor of proceeding with what is now being referred to as " The Archuleta County Performance Development Code."

The board's action this week mirrors a June 23 decision handed up from the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission recommending pursuit of performance-based land use regulations, as well as an associated transfer of development rights program.

As part of the motion passed Tuesday, the board directed staff to develop a timeline summarizing the expected course of action over the next several months, including plans for a bulk-mailing survey designed to gather public input on aspects to be included in the new land-use code.

The board also advised staff to consider changing the number of proposed, geographical "planning districts" in the county from four to five, a notion included in the planning commission's June 23 recommendation.

A survey originally approved by the board in May included polling county residents according to the following district proposals: Southwest (including Arboles), Southeast (including Chromo and the Upper Blanco area), Northeast (including the Lower Blanco and Pagosa Lakes area), and the Northwest District (including Aspen Springs and Chimney Rock).

Further discussion of the proposed districts, however, suggests the Pagosa Lakes area may be removed from the Northeast district and polled as a separate district.

In addition, the board suggested staff investigate the possibility of hiring outside consultants to assist with the drafting of new regulations.

Seeking the aid of consultants should not be viewed as an underestimation of staff capability, said Lynch, but "is to recognize the limited time staff has to perform this."

To that effect, Marcus Baker, associate county planner, sought assurance the task of any outside consultant, if hired, would be to serve "as a technical writer" and not to "change what has already been done."

In response, the commissioners indicated that would indeed be the intent.

On a related note, a resolution was approved this week establishing "The Archuleta County Planning Commission."

According to Jeff Robbins, county attorney, the new commission is necessary because state law requires land-use recommendations to the county board to be handed down from an entity comprised solely of county citizens.

In other words, "To the extent that the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission exists, it is not statutorily empowered to adopt or amend the county's subdivision and zoning regulations."

The Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission will still be maintained, said Robbins, but will evaluate land-use projects "of regional significance."

The tasks of the new commission will be more specific. Among other things, the commission will be charged with undertaking "the statutory directive of adopting and amending the Archuleta County Land Use Code, including its subdivision and zoning regulations."

As expected, the current members of the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission, except for representatives of Hinsdale and Mineral counties, have been appointed to the new commission and will serve for the following, initial terms:

- Dan Aupperle, Jerry Jackson and Bob Walkinshaw, one-year terms

- Larry Garcia and Betty Shahan, two-year terms

- Bob Huff and William Shurtleff, three-year terms.

Other business

In other business this week, the board:

- approved a resolution setting the fee schedule for services and information (copies, photos, etc.) provided to the public;

- approved an agreement regarding reimbursement from the U.S. Forest Service for magnesium chloride application to Piedra Road;

- approved changes to the transportation advertising policy resulting in lower costs for businesses wishing to advertise on Mountain Express' "mobile billboards";

- approved an intergovernmental agreement with Mineral County involving the provision of law enforcement and medical services;

- rejected an engineering/contracting bid involving sewer line extension to the county fairgrounds because the bid exceeded the project budget by roughly $134,000;

- approved a request to hang a banner advertising the Aug. 14 Knights of Columbus Duck Race from the county courthouse;

- approved final plats for the Cordova and Walter and Valdez minor impact subdivisions;

- approved release of conditional use permit and sidewalk escrow for Pagosa Family Entertainment.


Planning Commission

The Archuleta County Planning Commission will hold its regular meeting at 7 p.m. Wednesday, July 14 in the Board of County Commissioners meeting room in the county courthouse. Public comment is welcome and encouraged.

The agenda includes:

- call to order/roll call, 7 p.m.;

- election of officers;

- adoption of Rules of Association;

- a public hearing for a conditional use permit for the Jaycox Gravel Pit;

This request is for consideration of an open pit gravel mining operation to be done in four phases at 10 acres per phase with each phase taking approximately five years.

The property is located at 181A CR 975. The property is legally described as SE 1/4 NE 1/4 & NE 1/4 & N 1/2 NE 1/4 SW 1/4 of Section 19, Township 32 North, Range 5 West, N.M.P.M. Archuleta County, Colo.

- review of the final plat for Pascual Acres (formerly called Shumaker) minor impact subdivision;

This request is for the final plat review of a two-lot subdivision on a 35-acre parcel with a designated use for single-family residence.

The property is located at 3300 CR 400 (Fourmile Road). The property is more generally located about 3.3 miles north of the junction of U.S 160 and Lewis Street.

- a public hearing for a conditional use permit for the UBS-Galles Rocky Mountain Championship;

This is a request for an annual championship event to be held on the Galles Ranch.

The project site is located on lot 10 in Eagle Peak Ranches Subdivision on Preservation Place, approximately 2.8 miles east from the junction of Rousch Drive and Preservation Place. The legal description is Sections 19 and 30, Township 36 North, Range 2 West.

- Seminole Commercial Park variance request;

This request is for a variance from the 15-foot building setback requirement found in the Archuleta County Land Use Regulations, Section 11.9. The applicant is requesting a setback of 10 feet along Seminole Drive and from Lot 46.

The property is located at the corner of Park Avenue and Seminole Drive, 301 Park, in the re-plat of Village Service Commercial Subdivision, Lot 45.

- a public hearing for a conditional use permit for Seminole Commercial Park;

This is a request to construct an office/storage facility with the possibility of 12 tenants occupying the two buildings (total square footage of 11,925). Each unit will consist of one roll up door, one walk through door, and one bathroom.

The property is at the corner of Park Avenue and Seminole Drive, 301 Park Avenue, in the re-plat of Village Service Commercial Subdivision, Lot 45.

- review of the May 26 and June 23, 2004 planning commission minutes;

- other business that may come before the commission;

- adjournment.


Mike Miles keeps grass roots pace despite party's snub

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

He neither looks nor acts like a man being ostracized by his party's leadership.

He came to Pagosa Springs June 23, the third trip here in his campaign for the U.S. Senate seat, part of what he calls taking the issues to the grass roots.

Mike Miles, a Colorado Springs educator, West Point graduate, former Army Ranger and a veteran of the U.S. diplomatic corps, stunned the state last month.

He took the Democratic convention nomination for the Senate race with 52 percent of the delegates at the convention.

Attorney General Ken Salazar, considered by most observers a shoo-in for the nomination, ran second.

But the Democratic Party bosses chose to ignore Miles' victory and still refer to Salazar as the party's candidate.

Miles might be called the Rodney Dangerfield of the Party with the "I don't get no respect" line markedly appropriate.

In fact, the morning after his visit, a Denver columnist referred to him, without naming him, as "Ken Salazar's feeble challenge on his left flank."

The issue will be decided in the Aug. 10 primary and Miles believes his campaign - taking the issues to the state's smaller communities - is setting a broad base of support which will carry him to another win over Salazar.

In a broad-ranging interview with The SUN, he answered several questions about issues outlined in his position papers.

The campaign

It's going well, "perhaps even better than we had hoped."

Bringing the issues to the communities in the Four Corners area - for the third time now - "has helped overcome the 'lack of identity' issue state party leaders espoused and our name recognition is no longer a worry."

The target now is the primary election "and we're finding support from more and more people who feel they've been left out of the decision-making process."


The need for more water supply as a result of ongoing drought is fairly obvious in the state but it is not an easily solved problem.

"It is both a state and a national issue," said Miles. "Local and state governments need to come up with a statewide water use program, one that is fair to all geographic areas and which provides means of protecting basins of origin rights."

No matter what, "the state must keep the 51 percent belonging to Colorado ... we must hold the line."

Secondly, the U.S. Senate can "help the issue by using the Land and Water Conservation Fund to build storage and retention projects that are designated need specific.

"Compensatory storage makes sense. If you increase storage capacity, the amount stored beyond perceived long-term need is the amount of water that can be sold to another user.

"I don't think there has been any real, substantive thought given to a long-term water plan. That calls for leadership at the state level and we've yet to see that develop."

Foreign policy

Miles was read an Associated Press report from earlier that day which quoted terrorist leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi as saying, " We will continue to kill Americans until Islam rule is the way of the world," and asked his reaction.

"We should have acted ahead of time to stem the tide of terrorism, if we were going to go into Iraq. Our intelligence should have indicated what happens when a Muslim or Islamic nation is invaded.

"Our invasion of Iraq undermined our foreign policy - our ability to promote our long-term interests and to solve critical problems in mutually beneficial ways.

"Instead of using our resources in a quest for peace, we used might and stirred the hatred of the world."

How do we end it?

"As a former Ranger," said Miles, "I think we would have opted to set up a Special Forces operation based in a friendly neighboring country - Djbouti or Qatar, for example - and used surgical operations to remove those like al-Zarqawi.

"I believe that a policy of preemptive use of force, which is already being considered for adoption by other countries, is dangerous to the world order of which we are part.

"... the United States must lead - not by forcing our way upon the world stage, but through respect for democratic principles and support for the rule of law."

Health care

The rapidly rising cost of health care is becoming Colorado's and the nation's most pressing domestic issue. What is the solution?

"I support a single-payer health care system that will provide affordable health care for all Americans," said the candidate. "Like education, basic health care in this country should be universal.

"We can provide such care for a lot less than we currently spend ... if we would just have the courage to promote the common good instead of the special interests.

"The Medicare drug benefit legislation is at best a stopgap measure. It will not contain costs and does not help fix a broken system.

"A program administered by the federal government would have huge bargaining and management power.

"For example, if you had 100 million people signed up, you'd have a huge bargaining role and costs would be forced to come down for both services and drugs. Any American citizen should be able to enroll in such a program for a cost of under $200 a month for a family four ... and the 1.5 percent below poverty level would get an even lower fee."


Politicians have talked the talk, but not talked the real game on the educational playing field.

"I want it known that I'm the only candidate who will stand up and say 'No Child Left Behind is bad legislation.'

"As an educator (assistant principal in the Fountain-Ft. Carson school district) I see the charges of unfunded mandates, but even more I see the funds provided as a method of sending good money in chase of supporting bad legislation. "

He advocates helping schools recruit and retain quality teachers.

"Nothing else matters - not the aligned curriculum or the new textbooks - if the teacher standing in front of 25 children cannot teach. Instead of mandating national assessments and focusing on umnrealistic academic comparisons, Washington should help states and local districts attract and retain good teachers."

And he unabashedly offers a means of accomplishing that through a system of subsidy rewards.

"If a teacher makes it to a fourth year and is deemed 'proficient' by a competent administrator, pay back 80 percent of their college debt related to teaching if they agree to sign on for an additional three years.

"If a teacher reaches the sixth year and is deemed 'proficient' and agrees to work another three years, give a $2,000 tax credit every year for three years ... and hold him accountable for raising student achievement.

"Provide incentives to teachers who teach in hard to fill areas (for example, middle school remedial reading) or locations (very rural or very economically depressed areas)."

He said No Child Left Behind education legislation "is taking valuable resources away from the very school districts that need them most. This year 60 percent of all Colorado school districts will fail to meet the unrealistic targets established by the law. The NCLB legislation ... actually undermines a district's ability to teach all students."

He said schools need to hold teachers (and parents and students) accountable for a year's growth in a year.

"If a child, who is reading at fifth-grade level when starting the eighth grade ends the year reading at seventh-grade level, we should applaud the teacher and child for that progress. That child will not be 'proficient' on the eighth-grade CSAP assessment, but that will not tell the true story of the student's achievement. Similarly, do we want a child who is reading at ninth grade level when starting eighth grade to end the year still reading at that ninth-grade level?

"It makes no sense to praise -- or rebuke - a child at the finish line without knowing where that child started."


"I can't wait to get it on ... with Mr. Salazar and/or whoever the Republicans choose to run against me.

"The Democratic Senate Campaign Committee (which has ignored his convention win) needs to reform its 'good ol' boy', 'big name' status quo.

"I'm finding new people for the party, new people who are excited to be part of the American way.

"Why stiff arm them? Why ignore their choice? It's great for the party, providing new blood to get out and knock on doors and espouse change.

"When I decided to run, a party insider warned me 'don't waste time going to places without a lot of Democratic voters.'

"I ignored that advice because I believed the grass-roots voters are those with workable ideas and those who want to be part of change in America.

"I truly believe it's not about the candidate, but about being part of that process ... 'Be the Change' as my signs say, is the way for the nation to resurge.

"I believe at the end of each day everyone should be able to say he or she did his or her part for the country that day.

"That's how Americans will take their country back ... for the small town and rural voter as well as the big city party faithful.

"I'm finding that small-town people, like those here, have a lot to offer and their desire for change is a great part of my motivation."


Parade winners named

Winners have been named in the July 3 Rotary Independence Day Parade 2004 with the theme Pagosa Heritage.

Winners, by category, were:


Jann Pitcher Real Estate, first, $100; Herman Riggs & Associates, second, $50; Pine Ridge Nursing Home, third, $25.


Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District, first, $100; Lake Forest Yacht Club, second, $50; Frontier Belles Sidesaddlers, third, $25.


Archuleta County 4-H, first, $100; Grupo Espinosa, second, $50; and Pagosa Springs Gymnastics, third, $25.


Tie for first: Bob and Janis Moomaw and Dave Hemauer family, $75 each; third, Faye Brown and Kitzel Farrah, $25.


Mountain Harmony Ladies Barbershop Chorus, first, $100; "Black Thunder" Pow Wow dancers and singers, second, $50; Music Boosters, third, $25.

Checks will be mailed to all prize winners.

Judges this year were Ron and Barbara Ivey of Graham, Texas; Jerry and Kathy McCarley of Midwest City, Okla; and Candace Kurth of Colorado Springs.


Health board begins search for new member

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The Upper San Juan Health Service District board began the search for a seventh member at a special meeting Tuesday with the appointment of an ad hoc committee.

Board Chairman Pam Hopkins appointed Jim Knoll, board member Dick Blide, and Dale Schwicker to the committee. Hopkins will serve as an ex officio member.

Under accepted process for filling the seat vacated by Patty Tillerson June 16, the committee will be responsible for sorting through applications, conducting interviews and bringing a recommendation of between one and three top candidates back to the board.

The board will have the opportunity to review all of the applications and will approve the final appointment. Any appointed board members serve until the next regular election.

Anyone interested in applying for the opening should send a resume and letter of interest to the district, or to committee chair Knoll by July 30. The board has 60 days from the time the resignation is received to fill a vacancy.


Letter urges town to take

stand on 'big box' construction

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Consider taking a stand on "big box" development - retail stores covering more than 25,000 square feet.

That was the plea in a letter signed by 261 people presented to the Pagosa Springs Town Council Tuesday.

Kathy Keyes, a local business owner, spoke for the group, asking the council to appoint a task force to look at the potential economic, social and visual impacts of a "big box" store like Wal-Mart on the community.

"We're also asking for a public meeting to see where the community stands on this issue," she said.

Mayor Ross Aragon responded by saying that the Mayor's Council for the Future of Pagosa Springs, a privately funded group formed in February, is looking at that issue among others and suggested Keyes could possibly serve that committee in an advisory capacity.

"It's an important issue, and we are looking at that," he said.

Cappy White, another local business owner, said the letter also asked the council to consider a 90-day moratorium on building permits for construction over 25,000 square feet to allow for discussion on the issue to occur.

"There's nothing in place for the Town of Pagosa Springs to say no to these people," he said. "I'm afraid it might happen without community debate and I know how fast these things can happen."

Although no "big box" stores are officially planned for Pagosa Springs at this time, several large properties with highway frontage are scheduled to be developed and rumors abound.

"We are on the radar screen for big boxes that will change the town forever," White said, "but we have the opportunity now to keep it and not let the town get away from us."

Angela Atkinson, a business owner and a member of the Mayor's Council said an effort has been started through the council to complete planning and marketing studies for the town. An economic analysis would be a third component of that effort to help the community get a realistic picture of where it is and where it wants to go. The Mayor's Council plans to use information from the surveys to develop a concept for a downtown master plan.

Aragon set a special meeting for noon July 15 to discuss the issues. "We appreciate your concerns," he said.

"We really just want you to be prepared," Kathy Keyes responded.

In other business, the council got a first peek at a revised 2004 capital improvements budget, changed, in part, because of the Mayor's Council's work.

Initially, the construction plan for 2004 included final improvements along Hot Springs Boulevard totalling around $250,000. That project was put on hold while the concept for a downtown master plan is developed.

Under the proposed budget changes, that money, plus about a $40,000 projected increase in sales tax figures would be reallocated to road projects on Apache Street, Trinity Lane and Lewis Street. Some would also be used to help support the Mayor's Council work and a comprehensive plan for the town.

Town Manager Mark Garcia said the new construction projects would include a realignment of Apache Street at 7th Street and improvements on the intersection of 8th and Apache streets.

Trinity Lane would be asphalted from Eagle Drive to where it was paved last year, and parts of Lewis Street will be resurfaced. Garcia said the initial proposal for Lewis Street included resurfacing from 1st to 4th streets. That will be too expensive. Instead, he said, they are looking at resurfacing to 3rd Street with the remainder of the project to be finished next year.

The budget for sidewalks was upped from $5,000 to $75,000 in the amended capital improvement plan. Garcia said that will be used on either Apache or Lewis streets.

Money was also shifted between projects to allow for $100,000 purchase of rocks for future use in river restoration. Garcia said the town is working with the San Juan Water Conservancy District for a short-term loan for an additional $65,000 in rocks. If that agreement can be reached, the town will be about $55,000 or about 1,000 rocks short of the amount needed for restoration of a half-mile stretch of river from the pedestrian bridge to the Apache Street Bridge set to happen in 2005.

The council will consider final action on the proposed budget amendments at their next meeting.


Lower blood level, driver's licensing bills effective today

Two new laws designed to make Colorado's roads safer and reduce the number of traffic fatalities will go into effect July 1.

House Bill 1021 by Rep. Bob Briggs, R-Westminster, will reduce the amount of alcohol a driver can consume before becoming legally drunk while HB 1017 by Rep. Gayle Berry, R-Grand Junction, will put greater emphasis on driver education courses and toughen rules for learner permits.

Briggs' bill reduces the blood-alcohol threshold from 0.10 percent to 0.08 percent. With passage of the bill, Colorado becomes the 48th state to adopt a 0.08 blood-alcohol standard. The federal government has told states that they will lose federal highway funds if they fail to pass the tougher restriction.

A compromise retains Colorado's lesser driving-while-ability-impaired standard of 0.05 percent but allows those charged with DWAI to plea down to a nonalcohol offense.

"In states that have already adopted the lower 0.08 standard, we have seen a 30 percent reduction in number of traffic fatalities," Briggs said. In 2002, nearly one-third (249 of 742) of the traffic fatalities in Colorado were alcohol-related, according to the Colorado Department of Transportation.

The bill also allows retail liquor stores to conduct "tastings" and restaurant customers to re-cork and take home unfinished wine bottles.

HB 1017 has three purposes, Berry said. First, it increases the time from six months to one year that someone under 18 must have a learner's permit before they can obtain a regular driver's license. "The accident rate for 16-year-old drivers is over 2 1/2 times as high as for 18-year-old drivers, so this change will increase the amount of supervised training time that teens go through in order to get their regular driver's license," Berry said.

Second, HB 1017 provides an incentive for teens to get their learner's permit earlier by completing driver's education courses. If they haven't taken driver's ed, they must wait until they're 17 to get their learner's permit, but HB 1017 provides that if they pass a four-hour driver's awareness program, they can get their permit at 15 1/2. If they are enrolled in a driver's ed course, they can obtain their instruction permit at age 15.

Third, HB 1017 increases the time the instruction permit is valid to three years, giving parents more control over when their teen-ager actually gets their license. "If the teen is not ready, parents can insist that they wait until they are," Berry said.


Aupperle, Schur attend Rotary leadership unit

By Livia Lynch

Special to The SUN

The twelfth annual Rotary International Western Leadership Conference for high school students was held June 13-16 at Lamar Community College.

Each year, the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club sends two local youngsters to this important training program for community youth leaders.

This year's attendees from Pagosa Springs were Daniel Aupperle and Emily Schur.

Aupperle and Schur participated in an intensive training program devoted to leadership skills. The leadership methods, techniques and skills these two students learned at the conference will not only help them in current school situations but also will have a lifelong purpose.

While at the conference they participated in workshops promoting respect for all people and responsible decision-making when faced with challenges.

They also learned a number of effective and creative planning and problem-solving techniques. Improving their individual communication styles was also an important component of the conference as they learned to effectively communicate with not only individuals but also large groups.


Volunteer drivers needed to deliver home-cooked meals

Are you looking for a way to volunteer some time to your community and make an immediate impact on someone's life?

The Archuleta County Silver Foxes Den Senior Center has an opportunity for you to make new friends while you donate one lunch hour per week to the home delivered meal program for our senior citizens.

Applications are currently being accepted from individuals as well as businesses, churches and other organizations that would like to make a difference. All applicants must provide their own vehicle and be available in one hour increments once a week. We are also accepting applications for substitute drivers. A background check will be completed on all applicants.

Adopt a home delivered route today and brighten the lives of a few senior citizens. For more information please contact Musetta at 264-2167.


Girl Scouts marking 35th anniversary of camp

Were you a Girl Scout? Are you currently a Girl Scout? Do you know a Girl Scout?

Girl Scouts of Chaparral Council invites you to hel--p celebrate Rancho del Chaparral's 35th anniversary celebration.

The council's resident camp has provided girls and adults outdoor experiences and memories for 35 years. Past Girl Scout members, current Girl Scout members, and the community are invited to attend the celebration 10 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday, July 17, at the camp located in the Jemez Mountains.

The event costs $15 per person; children under 5 years old are free. The fee covers the activities for the day, lunch, and a commemorative patch. To register for the event, contact Melissa R. Bruney, Director of Fund --Development, at (505) 343-1040, Ext. 3402 or e-mail mbruney@chaparralgirlscouts.org.

Activities will include a memorial dedication to Captain Tamara Long-Archuleta, a former Chaparral Girl Scout, who was tragically killed in 2003 while flying her Air Force helicopter in Afghanistan.

After the dedication, visitors can view an Air Force helicopter display, tour camp, visit with old friends, and look at memorabilia and photos. A luncheon will be held prior to dedication the Wengerd Craft Center in the afternoon.

The Wengerd Center is an arts and crafts building at Rancho del Chaparral inspired by Florence Wengerd in memory of her husband, Sherman. The Wengerds spent countless summers at camp taking girls on hikes and teaching arts and crafts, including weaving. After her husband's death, Florence continued to volunteer and provided the seed money to build the arts and crafts building for the girls to use.

Individuals attending or unable to attend have the opportunity to "Leave Your Footprint at Camp." This is an opportunity for donors to contribute toward the property maintenance and upkeep of Rancho del Chaparral. Contributions will support the capital costs of maintaining camp buildings and trails, building new and replacing old fencing throughout the property, and ensuring that the camp property is safe and enjoyable for everyone who attends camp.

Contributions can be sent to Girl Scouts of Chaparral Council, Inc., 4000 Jefferson Plaza, NE, Albuquerque, NM 87109. Please note on the check that the contribution is for camp property and maintenance.

Girl Scouts of Chaparral Council, Inc. serves more than 6,800 girls and 2,500 adults in nine counties in New Mexico and five counties in southwestern Colorado.

Chaparral Council is committed to helping girls, ages 5-17, develop values, social consciousness, self-esteem, and skills for success in the future. Through the many enriching experiences provided by the Girl Scouts, girls can grow courageous and strong. To volunteer, join, or contribute, please call (505) 343-1040, (800) 658-6768, or visit www.chaparralgirlscouts.org.


Summer school will begin July 12

Summer school for elementary school pupils will begin Monday, July 12 and continue through Aug. 12.

There will be two daily sessions.

For students recommended for math, the session will be 8:30-10 a.m. Students recommended for reading and writing will get a language arts session 10:15-11:45 a.m.

Students may attend only if recommended by their teacher and only those students who attended Pagosa Springs Elementary School in the 2003-04 school year are eligible.

Neither lunch nor transportation will be provided during summer school. Since the amount of time is only one and a half hours per session, it is imperative that the child be brought to school on time and picked up no later than noon daily.

Summer school will be in the elementary school Monday through Thursday each week for five weeks. For more information call Lori Lucero at 264-4750.


Vesicular stomatitis confirmed in Colorado

Vesicular stomatitis has been diagnosed in a horse located in Las Animas County, Colorado. Vesicular stomatitis virus causes painful lesions around an infected animal's mouth, teats and hooves.

Investigation of the Las Animas County horse showing symptoms of the disease began June 24, and the positive test result constitutes the state's official VSV status, a so-called "index case."

Since June 24 two more horses and two beef cows have been identified with VSV symptoms.

In all, two cattle cases and two horse cases exist in Las Animas County and a horse in Douglas County was discovered infected. The tests were conducted at the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa.

"Vesicular stomatitis can have significant economic implications for livestock producers," said Wayne Cunningham, Colorado State Veterinarian.

"The disease rarely kills livestock, but an outbreak of VS results in significant livestock trade disruptions that can cost ranchers lost sales. Dairy farmers fear VS because milk production drops dramatically in infected milking herds."

Cunningham explained that the trade disruptions stem from the fact VS has most of the same clinical symptoms as foot and mouth disease, and until tests prove negative for the more serious foot and mouth disease. Infected animals must remain quarantined for 30 days after the last lesion is detected. VS-infected animals should not commingle with other livestock.

Colorado has not seen a case of VS since 1998. Earlier this year, VS was discovered in horses and cattle in Texas and New Mexico.

VS is suspected to be spread by biting insects, particularly biting flies.

Cunningham warns owners that horses, cattle, and hogs are primarily at risk for contracting VS. Llamas, goats and wild animals such as deer, bobcats and raccoons are also susceptible.

"Livestock producers and horse owners can take preventative steps to protect their animals. Keep them in dry corrals and stables, provide good nutrition, avoid working or handling the animals excessively, use insecticides and apply insect repellents daily," Cunningham advised.

Cunningham also recommended that new animals be kept isolated for at least 21 days prior to allowing them to join the rest of the herd. He also advised that new animals not share watering or eating facilities during the isolation period.

While rare, human cases of VS can occur, usually among those who handle infected animals. VS in humans causes flu-like symptoms and only rarely includes lesions or blisters.



Vectra becomes First Southwest

on Friday

Six Vectra Bank Colorado locations in the San Luis Valley and Pagosa Springs will become First Southwest Bank July 9. The new state-chartered bank, which has a combined asset size of $124 million, is an independent bank owned by a group of management-led investors, including local investors from southwestern Colorado. First Southwest Bank will retain its more than 52 employees in its six locations in Pagosa Springs, Alamosa, Center, Del Norte and Saguache.


Vaccination clinic set for local collegians

San Juan Basin Health Department will hold a menomune vaccination clinic July 19.

This vaccine is recommended for college students who will live on campus, to protect them from meningococcal meningitis.

The clinic will be 8-10 a.m. in the Pagosa Springs office at 502 S. 8th St.

For questions, call Theresa Lucero at 264-2409, Ext. 28.



Big Brothers, Big Sisters open house

Big Brothers Big Sisters, serving Archuleta County, invite the public to their open house 10 a.m.-noon, Wednesday, July 14.

Come meet the match specialist, Dearle Ann Ricker, the new executive director, Christy Schaerer, and see the new office in The Pagosa Hotel Offices, 422 Pagosa St., Suite 7 (door located between Jackisch Drug Store and the Liberty Theatre.)

For more information or to become a Big, call Big Brothers Big Sisters at 264-5077.




Pharmacist will discuss bio-identical hormones

Steve Walker, a compounding pharmacist, will speak at 7 p.m. July 9 in the community center on the topic of bio-identical hormone replacement.

The method is a more natural, plant-based form of hormone replacement that many women are showing interest in due to the side effects associated with traditional synthetic drugs now on the market.

Bio-identical means the chemical makeup of the replacement hormone is exactly the same as what the human body produces. These products have safely been used in Europe for over 50 years, but the American public is now becoming more interested in them.

Walker started compounding in the early 1900s, became certified as a menopausal educator in 1992 and has been compounding Bio-identical hormones since 2002.




Public comment sought on methane coalbed EIS at Wednesday meeting

The public will have the opportunity to offer oral comments into the official public record for the Northern San Juan Basin Coalbed Methane Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Wednesday, July 14, from 6-10 p.m. at the Bayfield High School Cafetorium, 800 CR 501.

Sign-in for those wishing to speak at the hearing will be held 5:30-6 p.m., with proceedings beginning promptly at 6 p.m. Those wishing to speak must be signed in at this time.

The hearing will be conducted in strict manner so that each person who is interested may offer recorded testimony into the official record.

The amount of time allotted per speaker will be determined based on the number of people who sign up to speak. Those wishing to speak should be prepared to make brief, concise statements.

Participants will also be able to submit written comments into the official record.

This session is the only hearing planned for the EIS, but seven other meetings later this summer will offer additional opportunities to submit comments in a less formal structure.

In addition, written comments will be accepted throughout the 90-day comment period on the EIS, which analyzes a proposal by several energy companies to develop 273 well pads on federal, state and private lands within the analysis area.

Copies of the Draft EIS are available at the San Juan Public Lands Center, 15 Burnett Court, Durango, (970) 247-4874, and Columbine Public Lands Office, 367 Pearl St., Bayfield, (970) 884-2512.

The large two-volume document is also available for review at these offices and at public libraries in Durango, Bayfield and Farmington.

Hard copies are available upon request, but are very costly to produce.

The Draft EIS may also be viewed on the Web: www.fs.fed.us/r2/sanjuan or www.nsjb-eis.org.

Written public comments will be accepted until Sept. 13, 2004, and can also be mailed to Northern San Juan Basin CBM EIS, USDA FS Content Analysis Team, P.O. Box 221150, Salt Lake City, UT 84122. Comments may also be e-mailed to: nbasin-cbm-eis@fs.fed.us.

For more information, contact Walt Brown or Jim Powers at (970) 385-1304.


Meetings to consider big game plan

The Colorado Division of Wildlife is asking the public to participate in the big game season structure process. Public comment and opinion will be a factor in the decision making process that will set Colorado's big game season structure for the next five years.

Meetings will be held throughout the state that will allow the public to comment on different options related to season dates and regulations for all big game species in the state. The public will have the option of viewing the different draft alternatives on the Division Web site or by reading hard copies provided at the meetings. The information will be posted at wildlife.state.co.us early in July.

The final season structure will be adopted at the Colorado Wildlife Commission meeting on Nov. 17-18. The updated season structure will then be implemented for the 2005-2009 seasons.

Meetings in the area are scheduled at:

- Montrose at the Delta Montrose Electric Association, 11925 6300 Road, at 7 p.m. July 15

- Grand Junction at the Adam's Mark Hotel, 743 Horizon Drive, from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. July 12

- Salida at the Salida Senior Citizens Center, at the corner of F and Third streets, from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. July 13

- Alamosa at the Clarion Inn (formerly the Holiday Inn and the Inn of the Rio Grande), 333 Santa Fe Ave., at 7 p.m. July 13

South Fork at the South Fork Community Center, 0254 Highway 149, at 7 p.m. July 12.


Eight Mile Lookout tower vandalized; damage $2,000

The U.S. Forest Service is seeking information on vandalism in late May or early June at the Eight Mile Lookout Tower eight miles south of Pagosa Springs on Eight Mile Mesa.

The door to the toilet and the windows of the tower were shot out, and window shutters thrown over a cliff. The damage was reported by a member of the Pagosa District fire crew.

The tower, which was constructed in 1964, is occasionally used for fire observation, but was vacant at the time of the vandalism.

The District is considering offering the Eight Mile Lookout Tower to the public for rental in the future.

Ron Decker, Pagosa District staffer, estimates the cost to repair the damage at more than $2,000. Those responsible face charges of damaging government property, which can result in fines and/or imprisonment, as well as payment of restitution.

Anyone with information is asked to contact Officer Mike Ostrowski at 884-1417.



Season dates, bag limits set for upland game birds and small game

The Colorado Wildlife Commission approved season dates and bag limits for upland game birds and small game at its meeting in Gunnison July 1.

The limits and season dates are very similar to last season.

The season dates include:

- blue grouse, Sept. 1-Nov. 10 with a daily bag limit of three birds;

- sage grouse, Sept. 11-Sept. 17 for selected game management units in northwest Colorado with a daily bag limit of two;

- sharp-tailed grouse, Sept. 1 through Sept. 19 in units 4, 5, 12, 13, 14, 131, 211, 214 and 441 with a daily bag limit of two birds;

- pheasant, east of Interstate 25, Nov. 20, 2004-Jan. 16, 2005; west of I-25, Nov. 20-Jan. 2;

- quail, southeastern Colorado, Nov. 20-Jan. 16; northeastern Colorado Nov. 20-Jan. 2; west of I-25, Nov. 20-Jan. 2. The bag limit is eight quail of all species.

The Commission also gave tentative approval for season dates and bag limits for waterfowl for the coming season. The dates and bag limits are similar to last year.

The season dates and bag limits include:

- ducks east of the Continental Divide, Oct 2.-24; Oct. 30-Nov. 28; Dec. 12-Jan. 23, with a bag limit of six ducks with restrictions on how many of each species may be taken;

- ducks west of the Continental Divide, Oct. 2-17 and Nov. 4-Jan. 31 with a daily bag limit of seven ducks with limitation on how many of each species may be taken;

- geese east of the Continental Divide except the Northern Front Range, South Park, San Luis Valley and Pueblo County, Nov. 20-Feb. 13 for dark geese with a daily bag limit of three and Nov. 6-Feb. 20 for light geese with a daily bag limit of 20;

- geese in the Northern Front Range, for dark geese Oct.2-10 and Nov. 20-Feb. 13 with a daily bag limit of three dark geese, and Nov. 20-Feb. 13 for light geese with an unlimited daily bag limit;

- geese west of the Continental Divide, Oct. 2-8 and Nov. 4-Jan. 31 with a daily bag limit of three dark or white geese singly or in aggregate.

The final season dates for waterfowl will be confirmed at the Commission's August meeting.

The Commission also gave preliminary consideration to a regulation lifting bag and possession limits on yellow perch in Blue Mesa Reservoir west of Gunnison. Perch were illegally stocked into the reservoir and are new competing with kokanee salmon, a premier species in Blue Mesa that provides what of the most popular fisheries in Western Colorado.

A final decision on lifting the bag limit will come at the Commission's September meeting in time to allow ice anglers to take and keep an unlimited number of yellow perch this winter.

In other action, the Commission:

- approved a program offering rewards for information that leads to charges being filed against alleged poachers. The program, Turning in Poachers, (TIPS), provides incentives including hunting licenses in sought-after units for reporting poachers to law enforcement officers;

- increased the number of limited either-sex elk licenses from 150 to 200 in game management unit 82 in southern Colorado. A private ranch has changed hands, and the new owner will allow hunters onto the property, increasing the opportunity to hunt elk in the unit;

- discussed a change in the Commission regulation making state regulations consistent with U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service regulations regarding taking of depredating wolves.

The Commission directed the DOW staff to ask the Wolf Working Group that is currently developing recommendations on wolf management to consider this regulatory proposal.



Five airtankers returning to fire fight fleet

Dale Bosworth, U.S.D.A. Forest Service chief and Kathleen Clarke, U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management director announced five airtankers would return to firefighting service, possibly as early as next week.

The decision is the result of a safety analysis performed on eight aircraft, and inspections are continuing on the other three. The ex-Navy P-3 Orion aircraft are owned by Aero Union Corporation in Chico, Calif.

"DynCorp Technical Services provided the expert analysis, and has worked to research the operations and maintenance records of these aircraft, and performed a thorough site visit to examine them," Bosworth said. "With better information, and a precedent set for more thorough inspections by the contractors, we believe we can operate this equipment safely this fire season."

"The safety of our firefighters, aviators and the communities we serve is our first priority," Clarke said. "Being able to bring these assets back into the fire managers' toolbox is a real benefit. The return to service of these aircraft will assist the on-the-ground firefighters to safely stop wildfires."

The Forest Service and the Department of the Interior had terminated the contracts in May for 33 large airtankers used in firefighting missions due to concerns over the airworthiness of the aircraft, and firefighter and public safety.

The decision was based on safety recommendations from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) issued April 23 at the conclusion of their investigation into three fatal airtanker crashes related to in-flight structural failures.

On June 9, the Forest Service signed an agreement with Fort Worth based DynCorp Technical Services to provide the expertise in analyzing the airworthiness documentation provided by contractors for the heavy airtankers.

DynCorp was selected because it has the facility and personnel to respond immediately to the analysis needed, and because extensive experience with the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection in maintaining, and repairing the CDF firefighting aircraft and equipment. DynCorp also has extensive experience with Army and Navy aircraft programs, which aids in examining these aging former military aircraft.

The aircraft and pilots will be recertified with a check pilot, and a new contract negotiated and implemented allowing them to begin flying as soon as possible. The potential for new wildland fire activity will guide the decisions on where to initially assign the large airtankers since they are an initial attack tool in firefighting.

Since the decisions will be made on a case-by-case basis for each aircraft and DynCorp is continuing to analyze documentation on additional large airtankers, it is unknown how many other, if any, aircraft will be returned to firefighting work. DynCorp is currently examining the data packages from five other contractors, and will submit each report to Bosworth as they are completed.


Added limited elk hunts urged in five area units

The Colorado Wildlife Commission received five proposals to add additional limited elk units for the 2005 big game seasons, including five south and west of Wolf Creek Pass.

Preliminary proposals were game management unit (GMU) 43 and 471 near Marble, GMU 551 southwest of Salida, units 54, 55 and 551 around Gunnison, units 80 and 81 in the San Luis Valley and 75, 751, 77, 78 and 771 south and west of Wolf Creek Pass.

The Commission directed the Division of Wildlife to provide an opportunity for the public to recommend new limited elk units. All of the units that were nominated now offer over-the-counter regular season bull elk licenses.

Currently, approximately 17 percent of the bull elk hunting in the state is limited, requiring hunters to apply for licenses if they wish to hunt in those limited units.

The Commission has authorized an increase in limited hunting opportunity for bull elk to as high as 30 percent, with as many as three new areas being managed for limited bull hunting by 2005.

"The individuals or groups that have proposed managing these additional units for limited bull hunting must now provide supporting documentation showing support from local stakeholders in those areas," said Mike King, the Division's regulation manager. "These include local chambers of commerce, livestock producers, the local farm bureau, Habitat Partnership Program committees, local governments, outfitters and local and state hunting organizations."

The supporting documentation needs to be submitted to the Division and Wildlife Commission by July 21.



Important dates

Dear Editor:

Patriotism is expressed in many ways. For many on the Fourth of July, it is putting the flag out on the front porch. Or it's going to the parade in the morning and having an afternoon barbecue in the back yard. Homemade ice cream. And there's the patriotic songs, like "America the Beautiful" although we rarely go beyond the first verse into the more meaty lyrics. The bands and fireworks at night, even if we only watch them on TV, coming from Boston or Washington.

At other times it may be seeing a uniform, a memory of service. Or saying the Pledge. It could be a feeling we get as we stand to sing the national anthem before a graduation or sporting event, or just to see the flag, reminding us that this is our land. Pride alone can't describe that feeling.

Patriotism also involves an obligation to see it continue, to feed it and see it grow, and in the proper perspective, to keep it clean. All this, I believe, is done quietly, day by day, without a lot of shouting or flag waving, by everyone who participates in the care and maintenance of our democracy. And at this time it entails carefully investigating the qualifications of candidates for office to determine who would be best suited for the work, making a choice and taking a stand, voting. To simply acquiesce to whomever the party high-ups, the press or someone else selects is not good enough. In this respect, I believe patriotism goes far beyond political party affiliation.

August 10, the primary election, will be the last opportunity the people will have to choose who the actual nominees from either party will be in the November election. Registered Democrats and Republicans who wish to cross over in order to vote in the primary to nominate candidates of the other party whom they see as being better fit to do the job may do so by changing their voter registration with the county clerk before July 12. Voters who are not affiliated with either party can declare a choice of party at the poll on Aug. 10.

These are important dates. Patriotic citizens will regard them seriously, honestly make their choices, take their stand and vote.

Henry Buslepp

A long jump

Dear Editor:

Ted Stampfer was waving his red flag by openly inviting retributive essays arising from his Bush/Clinton comparison letter.

Ted's stated opposition to Bush's policy on Iraq, and therefore to President Bush himself, exists because Ted can find no "clear" al-Queda connection to Saddam's oppressive government. Ted then compares Bill Clinton's sexual immorality to the immorality surrounding war in general and throws President Bush into the middle of it all. A long jump, Ted!

Ted complains, but offers no solutions to the war on terror. Does Ted have an opinion, or is he just concerned that President Bush might be re-elected? Ted's theory for impeaching President Bush by comparing Bill Clinton's impeachment for the "lesser" offense of dallying with a bobbysoxer, and lying about it, falls as short as Rep. Johnson of Texas' notion that our next elections be monitored by the U.N. The arguments go from ridiculous to sublime.

In the meantime, President Bush just keeps moving along, serving as president during a most difficult period in the history of our nation. Many believe that he truly hears a higher calling, while others deride him for being a man of faith (as if that were anything new for our leaders since the Founding Fathers), or of being stupid and somewhat illiterate (as if all Bush's detractors had a degree from Yale and Bush didn't); theirs is a relativistic mentality, relentlessly tearing at the foundations of our society, our laws and our heritage. As if by prophetic enlightenment, such a mentality concludes that all our problems can be solved by pointing the finger at President Bush's Iraqi policy as something to be compared with our society's moral "low ground" which Clinton's dalliances reflected, perfectly.

What rational political agenda would further the politico-religious oppression evidenced by al-Queda's commander in Iraq, who cut that poor kid Daniel Berg's head off on TV? Hiding behind masks, which did not hide their evil, they slowly hacked five times through his neck with a dull knife, while painfully screaming for his life - until the cut that severed his throat quieted him. Would they not do the same to all of us if they could?

Maybe Ted rationalizes these terrible scenes, where al-Queda thugs attribute their outrageous deeds to their god, Allah the great, as just expressions of another political view or religious "system" we've mistakenly intruded upon? Yet an omnipotent God never aligns with petty villains who murder the innocent, nor should we so stoop, particularly during Presidential elections! At least President Bush is doing something that has smoked out that enemy.

Do we placate as Ted's letter implies, until it all finally projects beyond 911 into the streets of America, or do we go after it in the middle of a hotbed supporting it? We must guard against any worldview condoning the al-Queda/Saddam type evil, under any guise, lest it creep into and control our own destiny in America Š especially when packaged under the mask of ultra-liberalism.

Tom DeRossett Jr.


Dear Editor:

I would like to comment on the Fourth of July parade ...

Who's idea was it to allow traffic traveling west on U.S. 160 to continue as the parade rolled in the eastbound lanes ?

As my family and I stood on the "wrong" side of the road, we had to put up with 18-wheelers, campers, trucks, and cars whizzing by ... many going much faster than the speed limit.

This was a very dangerous situation. Luckily no one was hurt, but it could have very easily turned tragic.

I hope whoever was responsible for this decision will re-examine the situation before the next parade.

Sherry Kirkland

Stick to facts

Dear Editor:

Recently I had the pleasure of spending a couple of days in the great town of Pagosa Springs. While reading The Pagosa Springs SUN of Thursday, June 10, I came across an article entitled, "Town will poll citizens on eatery, bar smoking."

In the aforementioned article town council member Darrell Cotton is quoted as saying, "that fast food restaurants are killing people faster than Philip Morris." Mr. Cotton, what is the connection between consuming fast food and smoking?

The issue revolves around secondhand smoke, not secondhand onion breath. Your comment is nothing more than a childlike diversion of the issue at hand. Defend your position with facts and not baseless, unrelated rhetoric.

Ron McVean

Amarillo, Texas

TABOR defense

Dear Editor:

I see where The SUN has jumped on the bandwagon to damn TABOR. The better part of page A10 in last week's paper contained the impassioned plea by Sen. Isgar and Rep. Larson to please give the Piggy Bank back to the spenders.

In addition Reeves Brown, executive director of Club 20, had submitted a letter stating that the club represents individuals, businesses, and local governments. One of his statements, "TABOR limits both the ability of the governments to spend and grow."

Hey, what part of TABOR don't you understand? He went on to suggest that we make minor amendments to TABOR and Amendment 23 without spelling out those "minor amendments." One of the shell games they want to play is the "rainy day" fund. If revenue exceeds budget requirements, the surplus would be put in a "rainy day" fund until $500 million has accumulated.

Currently, under TABOR, that surplus revenue (taxes) must be refunded to the taxpayers. I can just see the politicians, special interest groups, etc. in a chorus line singing "I'm Singing In The Rain." They also do not like the ratcheting down effect of TABOR. If revenue fails to meet budgetary requirements, the budget must be cut to equal receipts. The following year's budget is then required to stay at the previous year's tax revenue level.

My parents called it "living within your means." Under TABOR, tax increases must be approved by the voters (taxpayers) I think I saw where 60 percent of the state's budget is allocated to education and Medicaid and are "untouchable." Why ? These programs are rife with mismanagement and graft.

We continue to surrender our individual and family responsibilities to the government and expect them to care for our little inconveniences, you know "dump G'pa off at the nursing home and let the state take care of him."

Some would say that we are walking down the rocky path to socialism. Some advocate the redistribution of wealth by taxing the rich. Man, I never have been rich but I bet the government would make me rich by definition.

I encourage all of you taxpayers to pay very close attention to the movement to paint TABOR as the cause of our fiscal ills which are in fact caused by irresponsible spending that takes place under the Golden Dome in Denver. TABOR was a gunshot across their bow and they refuse to abide by the voters wishes.

Don Papierniak

Airport answer

Dear Editor:

Your reporter's narration in the July 1 SUN on the informational press release issued by Ken Fox, county airport manager concerning economic impact of Stevens Field to Archuleta County was a real caterwaul - to say the least.

Somehow, I don't think the airport manager understands what the county taxpayer expects as the "bottom line" answer to how, when and where their tax dollar is spent.

There is no pressing necessity in the future for Fox to insult the public's intelligence by providing any more glowing summary transcripts of how terribly important it is to get the money for a bigger airfield because of some "AIP" (Airport Improvement Project) that's part of some FAA Airport Capitol Improvement Program. The FAA doesn't come to Pagosa and decide what will improve our quality of life; residents will make that decision. Your press release did not impress anyone, other than the chosen few.

During the last 10 years, especially the last four, individuals in county management, many unnamed, have masterly managed to spend multi-millions of local taxpayer dollars on the airport flimflam without ever asking county residents, by ballot measure, how they felt about a large expansion to their airfield and to what degree.

Actually, and to quote one currently seated Archuleta County commissioner, "The county taxpayer has been cheated; I'm just sick."

That is your "bottom line" answer Mr. Fox. From my coffee shop perch it looks to me like the voter will need to clean a little more house regarding a few of their elected county representatives - real soon.

In retrospect, I did especially relish the airport manager's feeble attempt to convince us that the benefit which leads this list of having an improved airport is the capability of emergency medical evacuation on fully equipped jet aircraft.

Give me a break, Mr. Fox. I would much prefer a fully equipped jet-powered medical evacuation helicopter for my ride. It's just as fast, probably faster, when you consider that it can land within feet of my location and drop me off within feet of a surgery room.

What makes you think the local citizen desires their airport to have the capability to handle Federal Express and UPS aircraft? I don't think it really matters if we get our mail an hour faster when one considers some of the negatives - more noise, more danger, lack of serenity - in paradise.

By the way, I'd be willing to wager that you could limit Stevens Field operation to helicopters, gliders and home-built aircraft and the long range effect on the Archuleta County economy would be but a brief stutter.

The vast majority of visitors to the "Best of Colorado" do not arrive by aircraft. So there is no need to continue the smoke and mirrors mixed with your IFR (instrument flight rule) pea soup.

Jim Sawicki

Community pride

Dear Editor:

I've worked parade traffic control every year but two since 1977 and this community continues to amaze me.

Parades don't come easy. Volunteers and participants donate hundreds of hours to the cause. Their efforts produce one of the best small town parades you'll find. Add the rodeo, the arts and crafts festival, the quilt fest, the Western Heritage benefit dance, the family music concert and fireworks display, and you have an Independence Day celebration that's hard to beat.

I'm very proud of Pagosa Springs and count it a privilege to be resident.

Please extend my heartfelt gratitude to all who made this year's festivities the best ever. My list includes: the Colorado Mounted Rangers, the local Rotary Club, the Chamber of Commerce, the Red Ryder Rodeo Board, the Town Parks and Recreation Department, the Town Street Department, the Colorado State Patrol, the Archuleta County Sheriff's Department and my staff.

The individuals know who they are and I hope they also know how much I appreciate them.

Donald D. Volger

Chief, Pagosa Springs Police Department

Bush haters' lies

Dear Editor:

In response to Mr. Ted Stampfer's prediction of offers of enlightenment (SUN 7/1/04), may I oblige?

The very people who brand Bush a liar, betrayer, stupid, incompetent and worse about Iraq have said the following:

"There is an unholy axis of terrorists ... no more clear example of this threat than Saddam Hussein" - Wm. Clinton, 2/17/98.

"Saddam Hussein has worked to rebuild his chemical, biological, missile and nuclear program. He has given aid, comfort and sanctuary to terrorists, including al-Queda members" - H. Clinton, 10/10/02.

"We know that he has stored secret supplies and chemical weapons throughout his country" - Al Gore, 9/23/02.

"We have known for many years that Saddam Hussein is seeking and developing wmd" - Ed. Kennedy, 9/27/02.

"Without question we need to disarm Saddam Hussein" - John Kerry, 1/23/03.

"There are extensive contacts between Saddam Hussein's government and other terrorist groups" - Joe Lieberman to MSNBC, 12/03.

"It's irrefutable that Saddam had all sorts of ties to terrorist groups, had wmd, and was the world's worst human rights violator" - James Woolsey, CIA, 10/03.

"We have solid evidence of the presence in Iraq of al-Queda members ... leaders sought contacts in Iraq who could help them acquire wmd capabilities and training ... Iraq provided training in poisons, gasses and bombs" - George Tenet, FBI, 10/02.

The U.N., Great Britain and others reported the same information. Will Mr. Stampfer also call them liars for saying the same thing Bush said? If faulty intelligence is the culprit, blame must fall not on Bush or his advisers but on Clinton who disemboweled the intelligence community.

President Bush actually managed to secure two unanimous U.N. resolutions. He has a coalition of 58 countries and 35 providing military support in Iraq. Latvia's president (recently freed from Communism) had the highest praise for Mr. Bush. Her words were never reported by the main stream media.

Our troops were attacked by a sarin warhead missile. Fortunately, it misfired. Polish coalition troops have discovered more sarin warheads which were attempted to be sold to al-Queda on the black market. Other wmd were discovered in some European countries as "scrap metal." Al-Queda leaders recently approached former Hussein scientists to buy wmd. They know they exist! One of the scientists, Dr. George, who fled Iraq with a price on his head, relates how Saddam transported wmd to Iran and hid many deep in Iraq's desert sands. More facts of Hussein's ties to al-

Queda are emerging daily.

Only President Bush had the moral courage to oppose evil and free millions of people from horrible atrocities. Yet he is vilified. Why?

It is of paramount importance that he be reelected for the sake of future freedom and security. Even the economy is growing at unprecedented rates under his leadership despite the Clinton recession, effects of 9/11, and the war on terror.

Only seeking the enlightenment of truth will prevent the reiteration of lies perpetrated by those who hate Bush.

Eugene Witkowski


Community News
Local Chatter

Some ideas for improving Pagosa's annual parade

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist

The weather was perfect for a parade this year.

I was disappointed with the parade. Having come to Pagosa Springs in 1983 and seen parades with theme floats, lots of horses and witnessing the creativity of the entries, it is disappointing to see the parades becoming so political.

My feeling has been echoed by everyone I've talked with. I've called around to hear what others had to say: old-timers as well as newcomers. Old-timers remember the wonderful parades in the 1960s and 1970s and even into the 1980s.

One float I'll always remember (1983 or '84): I think it was Rotary's entry. The scene was spread out on a flatbed. It was a bar scene - the bar on one end and a cowboy taking a bath (brush and all) in an old fashioned tub on the other end. He wore a hat and I think there was an outhouse on the float.

And the Dr. Mary Fisher clinic floats were always prize winners. The first float had Dr. Mark Wienphal operating on Mary Coulter. Susan Kuhns and Ruth Vance were the nurses.

One objection this year was the loud noise made by the big truck tires. Another, so many trucks. And there was a lack of signage - whose entry was what. The announcement was made at the judges' stand, but the voices didn't carry down the street and because there were such long pauses between entries, it was hard to follow the parade.

After talking with people and gathering their suggestions, I have these suggestions for next year.

People would like to see a parade less fragmented, floats following the parade theme and fewer floats decorated with red, white and blue bunting and little American flags. They would like more music and possibly a uniformed high school band.

The parade always starts with the color guard. According to the American Legion protocol, this is the official time to salute the flag - as the color guard passes by. With so many flags in today's parades, saluting is confusing but the American Legion's protocol is the accepted practice.

The Grand Marshal should follow the color guard. This is the procedure in all the big city parades! Why not Pagosa's?

Then it would be nice for the Red Ryder Royalty to follow the Grand Marshal and, after them, the visiting royalty.

The girls who compete for the Red Ryder Royalty work very hard to earn these positions. A part of their obligation is to represent Pagosa Springs in three parades - Chama's Fiesta Days, at Buena Vista and Monte Vista. They have also appeared in Durango's Spanish Fiesta parade and this year are considering going to a parade farther away. They are recognized in those parades as representatives of Pagosa Springs.

The parade needs a pattern. The number of entries doesn't make a good parade, the way it's put together does.

Around about

If you follow professional basketball and saw the Detroit Pistons beat the Los Angeles Lakers in the playoffs, you can appreciate this sports writer's definition of the Piston's Tayshawn Prince.

He wrote: "Nobody could have expected this kind of dominating play from a guy put together with four pretzel sticks and a slice of bread. If the Detroit Pistons want Tayshawn Prince to get somewhere quickly, they can slip him into a fax machine or overnight him in an envelope if the fax is broken."

Fun on the run.

Do you remember a time when Š

Decisions were made by going "eeny-meeny-miney-mo."

Mistakes were corrected by simply exclaiming, "Do over."

"Race issue" meant arguing about who ran the fastest.

Catching the fireflies could happily occupy an entire evening.

It wasn't odd to have two or three "best" friends.

The worst thing you could catch from the opposite sex was cooties.

Having a weapon in school meant being caught with a slingshot.

A foot of snow was a dream come true.

Saturday morning cartoons weren't 20-minute ads for action figures.

"Oly-oly-oxen-free" made perfect sense.

Spinning around, getting dizzy and falling down was cause for giggles.

The worst embarrassment was being picked last for a team.

War was a card game.

Water balloons were the ultimate weapon.

Baseball cards in the spokes transformed any bike into a motorcycle.

Taking drugs meant orange-flavored chewable aspirin.

If you can remember most or all of these, then you have lived.


Senior News

Great honor for center member Elaine Nossaman

By Laura Bedard

SUN Columnist

Thanks to everyone who participated in the parade this year.

We are so proud to have honored the Grand Marshal, Elaine Nossaman, as one of our members at the Silver Foxes Den.

The lunch program in Arboles is growing. At the grand opening we served 35 folks and 40 at last week's meal and what a great group of folks. Meals are served the first and third Thursday of every month. For further information call 264-2167.

It's time for Picnic in the Park again. This Friday we will serve our lunch in Town Park at noon. This is always a popular event and will be even more popular this week with the Mountain Harmony Choir singing for us as well.

If you are wondering what is going on at Navajo State Park, come to the center at 1 p.m. July 9 and John Weiss will be here to give you information about the events scheduled in the park. Make sure you attend.

We will have our second Amateur Half Hour July 13. If you have a talent you would like to show off, come in at 11:30 with your voice, instrument or boom box and entertain us. Don't let your talent get old and stale, come in and share it.

Phyllis Decker from the Forest Service will be here July 13 to share her presentation "Wonders on the Wing." Bet you are wondering what this all about. Join Phyllis at 1 p.m. and learn all about the migratory birds. This was a popular presentation last year and I'm certain you will enjoy it.

Have you ever looked through a telescope and seen the rings around Saturn? How about the moons around Jupiter?

We have an opportunity for you to do just that Saturday, July 17. Musetta will provide her telescope and if you happen to have a telescope too, bring it along - the more the merrier. We will meet in the senior center parking lot at 8:30 p.m.

Remember to use insect repellent and bring along a jacket.

Musetta is looking for someone (a health promoter) who has a strong interest in nutrition, mental and physical health, and would like to be involved in addressing the needs of the senior population through a health summit to be held in Montrose in the latter part of October.

All health promoters will receive materials as well as training and instruction in public relations, teaching techniques and motivation. They will go back to their groups and pass on what they have learned.

We are looking for a year's commitment. Please call Musetta for more information at 264-2167.

Protect your family and future from lottery scams. Never give money to anyone to redeem a Colorado Lottery ticket. Do not help a stranger claim a winning lottery ticket. "Good faith" money is never needed to redeem a winning lottery ticket. Spanish speaking elders are often targeted, and scams often occur in parking lots of discount retail chains and grocery stores. Talk to family members about being aware and cautious of lottery scams. Report illegal lottery scams to our local police department.


Friday, July 9 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; Navajo State Park information, 1 p.m.; senior board meeting, 1 p.m.

Monday, July 12 - Medicare counseling, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; bridge for fun, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, July 13 - Yoga in Motion, 10 a.m.; advanced computer, 10:30; massage, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; Amateur Half Hour, 11:30; "Wonders on the Wing" with Phyllis Decker, 1 p.m.

Wednesday, July 14 - Beginning computer, 10:30 a.m.; Canasta, 1 p.m.

Friday, July 16 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; Picnic in the Park, Mountain Harmony Choir sings, noon.


Friday, July 9 - BBQ chicken breast, corn on the cob, poppy seed coleslaw, whole wheat roll, and fresh fruit cup

Monday, July 12 - Lentil stew, garden salad, cornbread, citrus cup and oatmeal cookie

Tuesday, July 13 - Beef burrito, black beans, zucchini olé, lettuce, onion, tomato and fruit compote

Wednesday, July 14 - Macaroni and cheese, stewed tomatoes, garden salad, whole wheat bread and baked apple

Friday, July 16 - Picnic in the Park: Sliced BBQ beef, baked beans, coleslaw with apple, roll and watermelon


Library News

Newsletter says our roads

are 'bad' and getting worse

By Lenore Bright

SUN Columnist

This week's column covers some of the interesting newsletters we receive on a regular basis. We are always glad to make copies for anyone wanting more information. The newsletters cover a wide variety of subjects.

Roads to ruin

The new Region 9 Business Line Report explains that, currently, 62 percent of the roads in our area are in poor condition, and of those 62 percent, more than half are classified as having zero remaining years of service life. What is happening to our infrastructure? Ask to see this report or contact Ed Morlan at ed@scan.org.

Improve your health

According to the Tufts Health & Nutrition Letter this month, a three year study following elderly men and women participating in programs ranging from painting to poetry writing and singing showed after one year that they all had better health; significantly fewer falls, took less medication, and made fewer doctors' visits.

Other studies have shown that sustained involvement in gratifying activities result in positive immune system responses.

This issue also connects low levels of vitamin B6 to artery disease. The newsletter may be checked out. We take several current health newsletters to help you live healthier.

Parenting matters

According to this newsletter, 50 percent of children six years old and younger have problems sleeping. When children experience overtiredness, they produce cortisol, a hormone which helps them stay awake.

This issue is devoted to helping your child get enough sleep depending on the age. Teen-agers may need as much sleep as 1- to 2-year-olds due to the rapid growth and maturing of the body. We have many Web sites on good parenting. "Parenting Matters" is published by Colorado State University.

Trust and terror

The National Commission On Libraries and Information Services has proposed that the nation's libraries might be good resources for the dissemination of information during a crisis whether related to a terrorist event or a natural disaster. (I wonder when that finally occurred to them?)

They go on to say that it is clear the United States needs more effective crisis information management. They see that the more than 160,000 public libraries that already form a network of resources have all the characteristics that could contribute to an effective information management system.

The folks in Washington assume that if the phones and computers go down, people can still walk or drive to a library where they can get essential information. According to the Commission, librarians will respond quickly with collections of resources and accessible databases about the crisis and relief efforts and agencies. I guess that means printed material.

So, according to the Commission, we will be meeting your information needs during and after an emergency or disaster. Do you feel any better?

Get ready now

We've received yet another brochure from the government on emergency planning. (This is the one that discusses duct tape.)

Tom Ridge tells us, "Terrorism forces us to make a choice. We can be afraid. Or we can be ready." The threat of a nuclear or chemical attack is very real. All Americans should begin the process of learning about potential threats so we will be better prepared to react during an attack.

Be prepared to improvise and use what you have on hand to make it on your own for at least three days. Think first about fresh water, food and clean air. Remember to include and rotate medications you take every day such as insulin and heart medicine. Plan to store items in an easy-to-carry bag such as a shopping bag, backpack or duffle bag.

Store one gallon of water per person per day. Store food that doesn't have to be heated such as protein or fruit bars, dry cereal, canned foods peanut butter, nuts, and crackers. Pack a manual can opener, cups and utensils. Store a flashlight, battery powered radio, extra batteries, a first aid kit, utility knife, toilet paper, soap, extra cash and identification. Special items might include books, a deck of cards or other forms of entertainment.

We must all begin the process of learning about citizen preparedness.

Go to the government Web site "ready.gov" or call toll-free (800) 237-3239 for more information.

In the meantime, your library staff is compiling information to help all citizens be better prepared for any disaster.


Chamber News

Hours of hard work by many

produced a magical July 4 celebration

By Sally Hamiester

SUN Columnist

I can only hope that each and every one of you had just half the fun I experienced over the July 4 weekend. So many great laughs with good friends, a sweet, meadow wedding, the best blasted brisket I've ever put between my lips, the fabulous Fourth Rotary parade in which I felt like royalty riding in Mary Hart's brand new, gorgeous, to-die-for silver Mercedes convertible, a dandy arts and crafts festival with pals, the Hot Strings concert with their new bass player and the best-ever fireworks to top it all off.

It truly doesn't get any better or memorable than this past weekend, and I am so grateful to all those who worked so hard to make it unforgettable.

We don't know how many years it's been that Terry Smith and the gang at Circle T/Ace Hardware have provided a flatbed truck for us to use over the Fourth, but we know it's been a lot and we also know that we can't thank them enough for their generosity.

They also allow us to use one of their vehicles for our Christmas Parade of Lights, so we are doubly grateful. They deliver the truck and then pick it up after the concert, so it involves not only a huge piece of equipment that could be delivering things for them, but it also involves manpower. Thank you so much, fellers, and know that you are indeed appreciated. The Hot Strings and the Jonny Mogambo Band looked great on that decorated flatbed/stage with all the red, white and blue decorations we could get on it.

Thanks to Chamber staffers Doug and Morna Trowbridge for the many hours spent organizing and overseeing all the vendors for this year's Park to Park Arts and Crafts Festival.

I don't know that anyone who hasn't worked events can appreciate how much hard work goes into one of these festivals, but I assure you that it begins in January and February with sending out registration forms and doesn't end until the last vendor has left town. They had an especially challenging year this time around due to the fact that Doug lost an altercation with a step ladder and had a bum ankle, and they couldn't find volunteers to host the Visitor Center.

Basically, Morna acted as Doug's legs and "walked" the festival for him for three days, and Doug acted as the one and only Diplomat at the Visitor Center Saturday and Sunday. They put in some long hours and we are all most appreciative for their efforts. We also thank Allyson Henry, our splendid summer intern, and Nathan Trowbridge for helping Doug mark the booth spaces for the vendors.

We're grateful once again to the Colorado Mounted Rangers, Troop F, for covering the night security for this show. I don't know what we would do without them every year making sure that all is safe and well all night every night in both parks. We're ever so thankful for them.

We are equally thankful to Ron and Sheila Hunkin for giving up their time on Sunday morning and hosting the Visitor Center for Doug and Morna. The Hunkins have helped us out of many pinches in the past, and we couldn't be more grateful for their loyalty and dedication to the Chamber.

Thanks again to Mary Hart for the rip-roarin' ride in her new and wonderful toy and to board directors Angie Gayhart, Toby (and Renae) Karlquist, Tony Gilbert and Sally Hovatter for coming out on a Sunday morning to decorate the stage. Also thanks to all directors, spouses, children and dogs who joined the Chamber march during the parade. A grand time was had by all.

Last but not least thanks to Junior Lister, Jim Miller and all the town staffers who worked so hard to organize and provide a great party at the sports complex and to keep everything in town looking so nice over the weekend. We had to have broken all attendance records for the concert and fireworks because I've never seen that many people gathered together for this occasion, and I imagine it will only grow into a bigger and bigger event. I especially thank Junior and Clifford Lucero for helping me dismantle banners and swags that were in impossible-for-me-to-reach places.

Wow, I think I'm going to go home and take a nap to prepare for next year's festivities.

Fair volunteers

Ronnie Doctor is still looking for volunteers for this year's Archuleta County Fair and would love to receive a call from you. Specifically, they are looking for help with set-up on Tuesday, Aug. 3, volunteers to help with this four-day event and tear-down on Monday, Aug. 9. This year's fair dates are Thursday, Aug. 5, through Sunday, Aug. 8, and Ronnie will be happy to hear from you at 264-6122 if you are interested in lending a hand.

You will also find registration forms at the Chamber of Commerce, the Community Center, the Senior Center or the CSU Extension office. Volunteers 18 years and younger require parental consent, and young people 10 to 13 years of age must be accompanied by an adult.

The Hills are Alive ...!

Tonight you can catch the first of three performances of the latest Music Boosters' production, "The Hills Are AliveŠ!" beginning at 7:30 p.m. at the high school auditorium.

This is an original revue showcasing the work of composer Richard Rodgers. Today's audiences are probably most familiar with the music borne of the Rodgers and Hammerstein collaborations originally created for Broadway.

It would be the rare soul who hadn't heard at least one or two tunes from "Oklahoma!," "The King and I," "South Pacific" or "The Sound of Music." I confess that as the consummate musical devotee, I could probably sing just about every song from all four, but I will save you the pain and suffering by just telling you that I can do so.

Clearly, Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II created some of the most, if not the most memorable and lasting music ever in the history of the American musical. These particular shows are recreated year after year in stages all over the world and audiences continue to enjoy them again and again.

Reserved ticket seating for this full-scale production is available at The Plaid Pony: $12 for adults, $10 for seniors and $6 for children. A cast of over 50 singers, dancers and musicians will provide familiar and colorful entertainment for you and your entire family. Don't miss "The Hills Are Alive ...!" tonight, Friday or Saturday evenings.

Pitcher open house

Jann Pitcher and gang are delighted to invite you to join them for an open house and official unveiling of their new location and new look Wednesday, July 21, beginning at 6 p.m.

The new offices are located at 2261 Eagle Drive, formerly the American Family Insurance Building on the north side of Put Hill. Jann was good enough to invite me for a recent tour, and I can tell you that they have made stunning changes both inside and out that you must see for yourself. Please plan to join Jann Pitcher, family and colleagues to help them celebrate new digs, new looks and new beginnings on July 21.

BBBS open house

Big Brothers, Big Sisters of Pagosa Springs invites you to join them for an open house at their new office at 422 Pagosa St., Suite 7, in the Pagosa Hotel Offices located upstairs between the Liberty Theatre and Jackisch Drugs 10 a.m.-noon Wednesday, July 14. You will have the opportunity to tour the office and meet the new BBBS executive director, Christy Schaerer and match specialist, Dearle Ann Ricker. If you would like more information about Big Brothers, Big Sisters or if you would like to become a mentor, contact Dearle at 264-5077 or plan to visit with Dearle at the open house Wednesday.

Chile Cook-Off/Taste

In less than a month you will have the opportunity to match spatulas and spoons with the best and brightest chile masters in Pagosa at the Second Annual Lee Sterling Chile Cook-Off and Taste of Pagosa.

If you have a killer chile recipe that might win prizes, you need to pick up an application at the Chamber of Commerce, the Flying Burrito or WolfTracks Bookstore & Coffee Co. before Aug. 3 to enter your delectable dish.

Judging will take place at the County Fairgrounds 4-9 p.m. Thursday, Aug. 5. Prizes will be awarded to the best entries in six categories: hot red, mild red, hot green, mild green, open class and professional.

Call Kim Moore if you have questions about the Chile Cook-Off or Taste of Pagosa at 731-0426.

Web hits

Just thought you might like to know that the Chamber of Commerce Web site received close to 36,000 hits in the month of June, obviously averaging over a thousand hits a day.

We have received in the neighborhood of almost 171,000 hits during the first six months of this year and certainly don't anticipate any slowdown this summer. We are in the process of renovating our site, so we can only hope that once the face lift is completed, we will have more, more and more hits in our future. Ah, the age of technology.


It's hard to imagine that during one of the busiest weeks in Pagosa, we gained six new members and 10 renewals. With all the decorating, flag waving and barbecues, I'm mighty proud that these folks took time out to come in and join our Chamber family and am more than pleased to introduce them to you.

Our first new business is an existing loyal member who joins us with a new business, Greg Coffey Arts International with home offices. Doug Schultz of Uncle Zack's fame brings us exquisite watercolor art of our nostalgic past with an eye to the future. Doug invites you to learn about our historic preservation program - 1 Š 10 Š 25. Please give Doug a call to learn more about Greg Coffey Arts International at 731-5519.

Our next new members are Riccy Vess and Gary and Richard Lapin who bring us Hide A Way at Pagosa Pines RV Park and Campground on West U.S. 160. These folks offer grassy, creekside locations, full hook-ups and pull-thrus and extra-large sites. You will also find a great picnic area, tent sites, kitchen units and group rates. To learn more about the Hide A Way RV and Campground, please call 731-5112. We thank the Chamber Recruiting Queen, Kathryn Heilhecker for her recruitment efforts once again and will send off her free SunDowner pass pronto.

Our old friend Dan Hovda joins us next with a truly unique business and methinks the first of its kind in Pagosa Springs, Rocky Mountain Paraflight, LLC. I caught a little glimpse of Dan in the blue skies Saturday, and it was indeed an awesome sight. Dan invites you to lighten your heart, mind and soul as you soar above the scenic beauty of Pagosa Country in one of the safest forms of flight. Treat yourself to a flight one day soon, and give Dan a call to arrange for that to happen at 731-UFLY.

We next welcome Dan Gnos who brings us yet another unique business, the Pagosa Samurai Academy located in the Pagosa Health and Fitness Club on Lewis Street. I was completely mesmerized with this discipline in the recent film "The Last Samurai" and vow that I will get over to the Club to observe Dan in action. This martial art form is rich in application, culture, discipline, fitness and spirituality. Minds, bodies and spirits are trained through forms, drills, sparring/fighting and meditation. I'm sure Dan will be happy to share all the fascinating history about Korean and Japanese Samurang/Samurai if you give him a call at 731-2160.

Jody Cromwell of the Ladies in Wading Pagosa Springs Flyfishers joins us with another adventure, Design Elements with home offices. Jody will help you with space planning, interior design and architectural antiques. Give Jody a call at 731-3157 to learn more about Design Elements or for some nifty tips on fly fishing. We are grateful to Gayle Allston for recruiting Jody and will send off a free SunDowner pass for her efforts on our behalf.

Our fourth new member this week is James G. Bankston who joins as an associate member and is most welcome to the family.

Our renewals this week include Willie Swanda with Crazy Horse Outfitter and Guides; Kenny and Don King with Big O Tires d.b.a. Southwest Colorado, LLC; Sharon Garrison with Sharon's Cottage Creations; Mark Stauth with the Bear Creek Saloon and Grill; board director and veep, Toby Karlquist and the lovely Renae with K.K. Paddywhacks Embroidery, LLC; Justin Weeks with Durango Mountain Resort; Susan Neder with Colorado Land Title Company, LLC; Bob and longtime Chamber Diplomat, Susan Kanyur with Barnwood Crafts and home offices; Bob Hart with Hart Construction and my good pal, Carrie Campbell, Manager, Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District.


Veteran's Corner

New programs reaching out to veterans of Iraq, Afghanistan conflicts

By Andy Fautheree

SUN Columnist

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is expanding its efforts to reach veterans of combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan to ensure they are aware of benefits they have earned.

Anthony J. Principi, secretary for veterans affairs, is sending a personal letter to more than 150,000 veterans of Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom who have recently separated from the military to thank them for their service and to remind them of their eligibility for VA health care and other benefits.

New veterans

Here in Archuleta County we are already seeing some new discharges from the military and I have interviewed several to advise them of their benefits. In some cases we have already filed for VA health care. I was able to give guidance to some others who will be separating soon on their military records that would speed the VA benefit application processes.

Principi said, "I want these men and women to know that we are grateful for their service to our country. One of the ways the nation shows its gratitude is by ensuring veterans receive the benefits they deserve."

Information mailed

As Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom veterans continue to leave the active-duty military, VA expects to mail about 10,000 letters each month.

VA also regularly mails information packets to all service members separating from the military to remind them of eligibility for basic VA benefits, such as VA guaranteed home loans and education benefits. In addition, there are provisions in these programs for reservists and National Guard members.

Special eligibility

The additional outreach to those recently deployed to combat theaters alerts them to special eligibility that increases their access to health care for two years after separation from the military for illnesses and injuries that may be the result of military service.

For those medical problems, VA waives copayments for inpatient and outpatient care.

As your Veterans Service Officer and advocate I would urge two very important objectives to all active duty military personnel:

Important information:

1. Be sure any and all injuries and illnesses or other medical problems that were incurred during active duty are a part of your military records. As you are mustering out, be sure you give an accurate and detailed report to military medical personnel examining you, especially problems with hearing from loud noises, any sickness or medical dysfunctions.

2. Do not leave your military station without a complete copy of all of your military and medical records. Don't let a military clerk tell you he will send you copies down the road. Once you leave the military there seems to be this big void that military records disappear into and they become difficult to obtain for a lengthy period of time. These records will be essential in applying for VA compensation and benefit claims.


VA focuses special attention on those with service-related disabilities. The department's goal is a seamless transition from military to VA services, with claims for financial benefits receiving expedited processing. For the seriously wounded, VA has counselors working at the bedsides of patients in military hospitals with the largest numbers of casualties to begin benefit applications before they leave the military.

In addition, VA social service personnel work at these military facilities to plan health care coordination as service members move from military to VA care.

"VA has learned many lessons since the Gulf War in 1991 and other conflicts, which will ensure that this newest generation of war veterans receives the health care and assistance they deserve when they return to civilian life," said Principi.

Durango VA clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is at 400 South Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, Colorado 81301. Phone number is 247-2214.

For more information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Veterans Service Office on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The phone is 264-8375; fax is 264-8376, and e-mail afautheree@archuletacounty.org. The office is open from 8 a.m.-4 p.m., Monday through Thursday; Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Arts Line

Pagosa artist featured in 'Roots: Life and Pathways'

By Leanne Goebel

Special to The PREVIEW

Durango Arts Center's second group exhibit, "Roots: Life and Pathways" runs through July 31, at the Barbara Conrad Gallery at 802 E. 2nd Avenue.

Local artist William Secrest will show oil paintings of uprooted tree trunks, intended as landscape metaphors for his personal journey. A reception for the artists is scheduled 5-9 p.m. Friday, July 9.

"With painting, I seek to find a simple acceptance of the grace that surrounds me in the connections of faith and illumination," Secrest says in his artist's statement. "There is a natural interaction in the transference of energy with that which I see as being alive and my experience of metamorphosis. I take this journey to understand the resonance of the life force; that there is a communion between the outer landscape and the mystical visibility of our senses. My goal is to share this evidence of joy and fulfillment."

Born in Puerto Rico, Secrest grew up in East Texas. He attended Stephen F. Austin State University, graduating with a degree in English. Even though he took art classes in college, Secrest is a self-taught artist who works primarily in oil.

"I love the messiness and glide of oils for within that realm there is great diversity to stray from finesse and back again. What finally brought me to place my creativity into painting is that I found the right balance of physicality and imagination."

Secrest paints every day in his living room/studio/gallery. He enjoys mixing color and his palette often becomes quite varied. "I love to mix colors. If I could be a master at mixing color I would," he said with the giddiness of a child playing with fingerpaint. "I get excited when my palette is dry and I get to remix color. It is meditative."

The majority of Secrest's paintings are representational, though you will find a few abstract works on his Web site www.absolutearts.com/portfolios/w/willfull. His current interest is in exploring the abstract work that comes to him as dream imagery. When he wakes up his mind is filled with a slide show of paintings and he is working to try to capture those images and recreate them. His paintings reflect the landscape around him, though not in a traditional, representational way. "It's more a mystical sense of what I feel in the landscape that I try and capture on the canvas," Secrest said.

A resident of Pagosa Springs since 1994, when not in the studio, Secrest can be found in his vegetable and perennial garden or maybe writing poetry or science fiction. However, painting is his true love. "Writing doesn't have the physical, mental, and intuitive energy of painting. I enjoy the physicality of the creative act of painting."

"Roots: Life and Pathways" is a group exhibit that also includes the work of Durango artist Ric Peterson, and Fort Collins artist Jamie Turk.

The Barbara Conrad Gallery is open 10 a.m.-5 p.m. daily. For more information, call 259-2606.

92 at annual meeting

The annual meeting at JJ's Upstream was a rousing success. Ninety-two people attended the event with entertainment by guitarist Steve Rolig, and pianist Katrina Thomas.

Annual reports are available at the gallery in Town Park for those who could not attend. Please stop by and pick up your copy.

SunDowner/art auction

Join PSAC and the Chamber of Commerce July 28 at the gallery in Town Park for a night of fun, food and art, featuring the Jack Hanson Trio. This event promises to be a great time, and PSAC is looking for artists and others to donate artwork for the live art auction and silent auction.

Want to get rid of that painting on your wall? No place for that sculpture? Donate it to PSAC for the auction. The committee is working hard to bring you affordable, fabulous art. So mark your calendar and start saving your money to bid on original art and fine art prints by some of our favorite local artists.

Contact the gallery at 264-5020 or e-mail PSAC@centurytel.net; call Doris Green at 264-6904 or e-mail greenacres1@centurytel.net, for more information on donating art.

Scholarships awarded

Pagosa Pretenders provided two scholarships for the Teen Acting Workshop hosted by Felicia Lansbury Meyer.

Chelsea Taylor and Becca Johnson were able to attend the workshop thanks to the generosity of Pagosa Pretenders. Bravo to Pretenders for giving back to the community and nurturing our young performers.

Williams concert

Jack Williams, an amazing guitarist and singer from the Southern blues/folk tradition, will play a Whistle Pig House concert at the Hudson House Friday, July 9 at 7 p.m. Peter Yarrow (Peter, Paul & Mary) called him "the best guitar player I've ever heard."

Donation of $10 includes dessert, or volunteer to bring a homemade dessert and get in free. Reservations strongly suggested by calling Bill or Clarissa at 264-2491.

Fort Lewis courses

The Fort Lewis College Extended Studies Program is offering the following courses. For more information or to register call 247-7385. Preregistration for all courses is required.

The Art of Basketry - Create your own basket as you learn the history and technique of basketry from a number of different cultures, including Navajo, Zuni, and others, 9-11 a.m. July 12, 14, and 16.

Travel Writing - This interactive seminar will focus on the elements of descriptive, nonfiction writing and will involve in-class exercises and weekly writing assignments. Monday-Friday, July 12-16, 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m., with a full day field trip on Thursday, July 15.

Remembering Your Story — Creating a Spiritual Autobiography - Uncover and explore the connection between your unique life story and the story of the others through the sacred texts from the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures and contemporary stories, music, and art. Monday-Friday, July 12-15, 10 a.m.-noon.

The Fine Art of Greeting Cards - Learn a multitude of artistic techniques to create your own sendable, frameable greeting cards, tags, and envelopes. Includes watercolor, collage, and embellishments. This class is suitable for beginners to professionals. Monday-Friday, July 12-15, and Aug. 2-6, from 1-3 p.m.

Art History - In this course you will discuss art history, the elements of art and principles of design, various media, and art interpretation. Monday-Friday, July 12-15, July 26-30 and Aug. 2-6, 2-4 p.m. Choose which week works best for you.

Nature Writing - In this course, you will learn to evoke the essence of the natural world around us through compelling, imaginative, and expressive writing - both prose and poetry. This interactive seminar, focusing on the elements of evocative nature writing, will involve in-class exercises and weekly writing assignments. Monday-Friday, July 19-23, 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. with a full-day field trip Thursday, July 22.

The Sessions of your Life - Creating a Lasting Legacy - This course is designed for adults in the second half of life. Experience the art of reminiscing and preserving memories to give meaning to the present and to gain hope and awareness of new possibilities for the future. Monday-Friday, July 19-23, 10 a.m.-noon.

Introduction to Rock Art and the Architecture of Chaco Canyon - Known for its beautiful and intriguing Native American rock art, learn all about southwest history through its art by joining us for in-class and outdoor field experiences. There will be an all-day field trip Wednesday, July 21 to Chaco Canyon. Monday - Thursday, July 19-22, 3-5 p.m.

Introduction to Black and White Photography - This seven-week course will help you develop an eye for black and white subjects, shooting techniques, and focusing on tonality and texture - in a world full of color. You will cover a basic understanding of photography and an application of how to better use your camera. Through assignments, students will learn compositional elements and Ansel Adams' zone metering system. Participants must have their own manual 35mm camera and supply of film and processing. Call the Office of Extended Studies at 247-7385 for more information.

Women Writers of the West -You will start with Willa Cather's classic, "Death Comes for the Archbishop" and make your way through Ellen Meloy's, "Raven's Exile," Barbara Kingsolver's, "Animal Dreams," Terry Tempest Williams', "Unspoken Hunger," and the work of Native writers Paula Gunn Allen, Joy Harjo, Leslie Marmon Silko, and Linda Hogan. Given time, you will also read about the "soiled doves" and painted ladies of the dusty cowboys and wild mountain miners and how they lived through their first fortunes and hard times. Monday-Friday, Aug. 2-6, 10 a.m.-noon.

Writers of the Southwest - This course will explore the diverse voices and genres of contemporary Southwestern literature. We will read and discuss two seminal novels of our region, Ron Querry's "The Death of Bernadette Lefthand" and Leslie Marmo Silko's "Ceremony," as well as Edward Abbey's classic, "Desert Solitaire." Stories of Hispanic culture in New Mexico from Tierra Amarillo, Native American poet and musician Joy Harjo, and essayists Terry Tempest Williams, Wallace Stegner, and Frank Waters will round up the best of the Southwest. Monday-Friday, Aug. 2-6, 1-3 p.m.

Introduction to Basic Drawing - Yes, you can learn to draw in five days! You will learn to use the right side of your brain where your creative side dwells. Monday-Friday, Aug. 2-6, 1-4 p.m.

Artist opportunities

Artists Alpine Holiday in Ouray, Aug. 7 - 14. Early Registration deadline is July 15. Artwork must be delivered to Ouray Community Center, 340 6th Ave., on Aug. 2, between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. This year's judge is Ralph W. Lewis, retired professor emeritus of the University of New Mexico. Check out www.ourayarts.org for more information. Or contact DeAnn McDaniel at (970) 325-4372 or Diane Larkin at (970) 325-9821.

Ongoing workshops

Beginning Watercolor with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett, every Monday and Wednesday , 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m., at the Fairfield Activities Center. Call 731-8060 to reserve a spot for only $25.

Third Saturday Workshop at the community center. Drawing with Randall Davis on July 17. After his last drawing class, one student commented that she learned more about drawing in that one day than she had ever learned.

Upcoming workshops

Outdoor Photography Tour, sponsored by Blanco Dove Ministries. Jeff Laydon, photographer and teacher, will teach a photography workshop for beginners and intermediates 6 a.m.-noon on July 10. Bring your own camera (digital or regular). The cost is $75. Meet at the Blanco Dove Artist and Writer's Center, 284 Chambers Court. Take U.S. 84 south 10 miles, turn right on CR 335, (Lower Blanco), drive two miles to the green gates. For further details, contact Betty Slade at 264-2824, or via e-mail at bslade2@pagosa.net.

Mixed Media - Beginners II, Aug. 11-13, with Denny Rose and Virginia Bartlett.

This workshop builds on The Basics of Watercolor - Beginners I and uses everything students learned in that class. In Beginners II there will be lessons and exercises about shapes, composition and design, choosing subjects, further study about value and color, and advanced techniques such as lifting, scraping, masking, glazing, working with sponges, salt, Saran Wrap, and waxed paper. Afternoons will be spent painting, using the morning's lessons. The cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members.


Through July 28-Joye Moon exhibit at the gallery in Town Park

July 8 - Photo club, 5:30 p.m.

July 9 - Artist reception at Durango Arts Center for Pagosa Springs artist William Secrest, Durango artist Ric Peterson and Fort Collins artist Jamie Turk

July 10 - Outdoor photography workshop, 6 a.m.-noon, Blanco Dove Retreat Center, 284 Chambers Court.

July 14 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

July 15 - Photo club meets, 6:30 p.m. at community center

July 16 - Reception for local artist Pat Erickson at Taminah Gallery, 414 Pagosa St.

July 17 - Drawing workshop with Randall Davis at community center, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

July 16-18 - Fairfield Pagosa Arts and Crafts Festival

July 15-31- Batik and Screamers papier maché workshop

July 20-23 - Pottery Workshop at Chimney Rock Archeological Area

July 26-29 - Pottery Workshop at Chimney Rock Archeological Area

July 27 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m.

July 29 - Music in the Mountains Children's Concert at Town Park

Aug. 1 - Advertising and submission deadline for SW Colorado Arts Perspective

Aug. 5-8 - Archuleta County Fair

Aug. 5-31 - Watercolor exhibit with Denny Rose, Ginnie Bartlett and students

Aug, 11 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Aug. 12 - Photo club, 5:30 p.m.

Aug. 11-13 - Basics II, Denny and Ginnie mixed media workshop

Aug. 15 - Home and garden tour, noon-5 p.m.

Aug. 16-21 - Cynthia Padilla botanical art workshop

Aug. 21 - Third Saturday workshop, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Sept. 11 - Colorado Arts Consortium -The Business of Art an Art pARTY

Sept. 17-19 - Juried art exhibit for PSAC members during Colorfest.


Quilt Fest Challenge winners announced

Quilt Fest 2004 is in the history books. Area quilters came together at the Mamie Lynch Gymnasium for three days to display their work, quilt collections and love of their craft. By all accounts the event is considered a success.

Pagosa Piecemakers participated in a challenge issued to guild members. This challenge was titled "Pieces of America" and required quilters to create a full-size or larger quilt to fit this theme. It could be a patriotic quilt, one representing any aspect of American history, one made from a traditional pattern or reproduction fabrics, or any other interpretation of this theme the quilter chose.

Ten quilts were entered in this challenge with showgoers voting on their favorite. All quilts entered received votes. Janet Donavan won the challenge with her "Stars, but no Stripes" quilt. "Baltimore Inspiration" by Virginia Bartlett placed second and Cindy Vermillion Hamilton's "President's Medallion" placed third in the voting.

Approximately 200 quilts were available for viewers' enjoyment. In addition, there were sewing machines, irons, and sewing notions and more from years past.

The education booth featured a one-room school house, quilt activities and history of quilt blocks for the enjoyment of the younger viewers.

The Pagosa Piecemakers plan to present their next show in 2006.


Hungry for God Youth Group concert July 18

A benefit concert is planned 6 p.m. Sunday, July 18, at First Assembly of God Church featuring original music by Ben Loper, a senior at Pagosa Springs High School.

There will also be music and dramatic performances from other members of the Hungry for God Youth Group.

Funds raised by the concert will help HFG regional finalists go to Austin, Texas, in August for the National Fine Arts competition.

Loper will be competing in Male Vocal Solo and Original Songwriting categories. Loper and Michael Martinez will compete in Collaborated Songwriting and Ashley Lord will be competing in Solo Human Video.

Admission to the concert is free but a love offering will be taken. The church is at 110 Trinity Lane.


Two special events next

week at Creede Repertory

Creede Repertory Theatre presents its second concert of the season 8 p.m. Monday, July 12, with a performance by Groove Society.

Based in Aurora, the six-person a capella group performs with no instruments other than their voices and bodies. Their rich harmonies provide a wide variety of Jazz and R&B.

For tickets, call (866) 658-2540. For more on the 2004 concerts visit www.creederep.org

The concert will be followed to the CRT stage at noon Saturday, July 14, by the children's show "Ladder to the Moon."

Written by Charlie Oates and Rakaia Keefe-Oates, it is the story of the relationships between a painter, a young artist and the people around them.

The painter, a mysterious woman, takes her young neighbor girl on a beautiful journey through the paintings of American Master Georgia O'Keefe.

As the two main characters grapple and subsequently learn from each other, O'Keefe's paintings come to life with images and stories reminding the characters and the audience of the power and importance of imagination.

The young girl discovers how to put the troubles of her family life aside and excel as an artist. The mysterious woman, O'Keefe herself, learns her own lessons in patience, generosity and the importance of her own work.

Writer-director Charlie Oates, a professor at University of California-San Diego, has directed, written, appeared in and coached movement for numerous CRT productions in the past.


GoCo grant workshop set

Staff members from Great Outdoors Colorado (GoCo) will conduct technical assistance workshops across the state to help organizations applying for lottery grants.

The grants are available for open space land preservation projects, and for local government park, outdoor recreation and environmental education facilities projects.

Ten workshops are planned, the closest 10 a.m.-noon July 21 at Rickel Arena, 0204 County Road 59, South Fork.

The workshop will offer help to anyone applying for local government park , outdoor recreation and environmental education facilities grants. Purpose of the workshop is to familiarize applicants with the grant process.

Those interested in receiving an application or additional information can go to the Web site at www.goco.org, call (303) 863-7522 or e-mail to info@goco.org.


PaRaDIse 4 $Ale set for Saturday

PaRaDIse 4 $Ale is a soul-splittingly hilarious, one-woman, theatrical jungle journey event.

PaRaDIse 4 $Ale is written and performed by Iala. Original music by Akal.

It's a common dream Š leaving the rat race behind and moving to a tropical island. Spending all day in a hammock. Picking fruit off the tree and maybe a little fishing at sunset. Ahh, the good life Š !

Well, Iala actually did it. She looked her far-too-trusting husband, Akal, in the eye and said: "All our dreams can come true now - we don't have to wait."

And he believed her.

PaRaDIse 4 $Ale, Iala's one-woman "detour de tropical storm" is the result.

The show is an off-the-grid tale of an apartment-dwelling, office-working, city slicker touched by a vision and morphing overnight into a jungle jenny, earth mama, back-to-nature, hippie queen.

Iala takes us through her journey. It is not necessarily chronological or for that matter linear logical but still manages to touch on visions that just won't quit - a near death experience, and close encounters of the touching kind with wolves and eccentrics. All the while she tumbles mightily from the mountain of "I know it all" to the valley of "I haven't got a clue!"

Her whimsical word weaving, skillful storytelling and vibrant energy along with her hilarious recognition of her own shortcomings keeps us willing hostages on the edges of our seats.

PaRaDIse 4 $Ale is an army ant, coral snake, tin roof pounding torrent of delightful tropical overkill that leaves one happy with one's quiet, quotidian life and grateful for one's piece of the American dream.

Hurray for cell phones, satellite T.V. and air conditioning.

After hearing Iala's story, life off-the-grid sounds way off the wall and a bit too one-with-nature for any sane, logical progression-of-thought, modern technophile like me.

Enjoy the trip, living vicariously through 90 deliciously manic, highly charged, "I know it all and even if you don't ask I'll tell you" minutes with Miss Iala.

Performances of PaRaDIse 4 $Ale benefit Casa de Milagros an orphanage in Peru.

The show will be presented at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse, 8 p.m. Saturday, July 10. Tickets are $11. For reservations call 731-5955.


Teen performer 'La Jovencita' to headline Spanish Fiesta

By Jeff Laydon

Special to The PREVIEW

The Pagosa Springs Spanish Fiesta is proud to announce it will have Ernestine Romero, "La Jovencita," as the featured Fiesta performer July 17.

She will bring her singing, dancing and DJ talent to the Town Park program site at 11 a.m. She will perform periodically throughout the day and will emcee all events.

Ernestine has been singing since she was three and performing professionally since she was eight. Her first CD was recorded when she was just 11 and she now has four CDs to her credit. Now 16 and a junior at New Mexico's Pojoaque High School, she has come a long way for her age.

Earning numerous awards in such events as the USA Model and Talent Showcase in Las Vegas and Hispano Music Awards, she has also been nominated as Child Artist of the Year and Youth Vocalist of the Year.

Most recently she performed at the Mike Awards in Albuquerque and is the latest recipient of The Amy Biehl Youth Spirit Award for donating her time to the fight against cancer.

This young dynamo is happiest to offer her talents to organizations and causes that help people throughout the Four Corners Area. As her audience continues to grow, she has performed for many fund-raisers, church and school, science and research units, and now brings her amazing energy to Pagosa Springs Spanish Fiesta.

Fees for the Fiesta are $5 for adults and $2 for children under 12.


United Way will present 'Ride the Weminuche'

By Kathi DeClark

Special to The PREVIEW

United Way of Southwest Colorado presents Ride the Weminuche 9 a.m. Saturday, July 31, at the historic Poma Ranch.

It will be the fourth annual trail ride. Bring the entire family and see the mountains on horseback.

It's an opportunity to spend the day outdoors observing the breathtaking views of the San Juan Mountains and the Weminuche Wilderness, watching the wildlife and raising money to support our community.

The day will include riding for three hours, a real chuck wagon lunch, a live auction, then out again for another two-hour adventure.

The Poma Ranch, is 27 miles up Piedra Road north of U.S. 160.

Rides will be guided, or unguided for the skilled rider. Fee is $55 if you bring your horse and $95 if you need to rent one. Registration includes lunch.

To reserve your spot and a horse, call today. You may charge by phone or mail your check and reservation needs to United Way, P.O. Box 4274, Pagosa Springs, CO. 81147.

For more information call Kathi DeClark at 946-2057.


Folk Fest venues and attractions announced

By Crista Munro

Special to The PREVIEW

A few camping passes are left for Four Corners Folk Festival.

The 2004 festival brochure was mailed two weeks ago and we expect the remaining vehicle passes to sell quickly. So if you've been procrastinating and need a vehicle pass - don't wait much longer to order.

We still have individual camping tickets for those who don't need to keep their vehicle in the campground.

We've expanded the hours for gear drop-off to include 3-8 p.m. on Thursday, Sept. 2, and 9 a.m.-1 p.m. the following day. You can drive your vehicle in any time during those hours, unload your camp gear, then move your car down below to the weekend parking area.

On Monday morning you can then drive up and pack out. You will still need to have an on-site camping festival ticket, but you'll save money on a vehicle pass, and we'll have less cars and traffic on Reservoir Hill during the festival.

We will allow campfires this year in accordance with existing fire regulations in Archuleta County at the time of the festival. Fires must be contained in a metal container to minimize our impact on Reservoir Hill.

If you expect visitors, and their idea of camping is roughing it in a hotel, Pagosa's got plenty of options. From standard motel chains to rustic cabins and luxury condos, there's something available to suit anyone's budget and taste. For a complete list of lodging options, go to: www.folkwest.com. You'll also find a list of full service campgrounds if you want to hook up your RV for the weekend and commute to the festival.

 VIP treatment

A very limited quantity of VIP tickets is available.

The VIP ticket includes micro-brew beer, soft drinks, bottled water, an assortment of grilled foods (veggie burgers, brats, hamburgers and hot dogs), and seating in the VIP area at stage left. You must be 21 to purchase a VIP ticket; ID will be checked. A three-day VIP pass is $225. If you are interested, call (877) 472-4672 for more information.

Performance times have been finalized and are as follows:

 Friday, Sept. 3

Pagosa Hot Strings - 2 p.m.

Matt Flinner Quartet - 3:30

The Bills (formerly the Bill Hilly Band) - 5:15

the subdudes - 7:15

Friday late night on the Nechville Summit Stage

The Pagosa Hot Strings - 9

The Mark Atkinson trio - 10

Saturday, Sept. 4

Marc Atkinson Trio - 11 a.m.

Ryan Shupe & the RubberBand - 12:30 p.m.

The Barra MacNeils - 2:15

Gillian Welch - 4:15

Eileen Ivers Band - 6

Eddie From Ohio - 8

Late night on the Nechville Summit Stage

The Bill Hilly Band - 10

The Waybacks - 11

 Sunday, Sept. 5

The Barra MacNeils - 10:30 a.m.

Mark Erelli - 12:15 p.m.

The Waybacks - 1:45

The Bills (formerly the Bill Hilly Band) - 3:15

Drew Emmitt & Freedom Ride - 5

John Cowan Band with guest Pat Flynn - 6:45

Tim O'Brien Band - 8:30

Schedule subject to change.

To order festival tickets with a credit card, call toll free (877) 472-4672 or order online 24/7 using Pay Pal at www.folkwest.com/online tickets.htm. It is no longer necessary to set up a Pay Pal account to use this service, making it more convenient and still totally secure.

Mail order tickets are also available by printing a form on the Web site and mailing with a check or your credit card information. Mail order tickets must be postmarked by August 20.

All ticket orders received after Aug. 8 will be held at Will Call for pick-up.

Refund policy: Full refund of ticket price less $5 prior to July 31. After July 31, no refunds will be given. Tickets must be mailed back with invoice and postmarked no later than July 31 to receive a refund.


Whistle Pig features Jack Williams, guitarist, songwriter

By Bill Hudson

Special to The PREVIEW

The Whistle Pig Concert Series continues its 2004 season of intimate house concert performances with an appearance by Jack Williams, guitarist and songwriter extraordinaire 7 p.m. Friday, July 9, at the Hudson House, 446 Loma St. in Pagosa Springs.

Jack was recently described in Sing Out magazine as "one of the strongest guitar players in contemporary folk music," and Peter Yarrow, of Peter, Paul and Mary, called Jack "the best guitar player I've ever heard." Jack is also a remarkable singer and songwriter with a powerful vocal style.

He is presently based in Kerrville, Texas, but he originally hails from South Carolina, and the influence of Southern musical traditions is obvious in his finely crafted original songs and in his guitar style.

In the opinion of many fellow folk musicians, Jack is among the handful of artists who - in skill, depth and integrity - are simply beyond the pale of most performers on the circuit. Among acoustic guitarists, he is near-legendary. Having avoided the compromises of the commercial music industry during his 40-plus year professional career, he prefers working the road, playing coffeehouses, concerts festivals and house concerts week in, week out, from the sheer love of music and performing.

In recent years, Jack has emerged from self-imposed obscurity to become firmly established in the contemporary acoustic - or "folk" - music world. This has led him to acclaimed appearances recently at the Newport and Boston Folk Festivals, as well as at recent Kerrville and Philadelphia Festivals, and at several Folk Alliance Conferences, where his guitar-playing, songs, and commanding personal presence have caused a considerable buzz.

As a guitarist, he has been invited to accompany such notable musicians as Harry Nilsson, Tom Paxton, Peter Yarrow, and Mickey Newbury. Recently, in an Arlo Guthrie concert in Worcester, Mass., he was invited by Guthrie to join him on stage and sing one of his own songs, and then to join Arlo's group for the final half-hour of the concert. As a producer he has worked on CDs by Mickey Newbury, Carla Ulbrich, and, most recently, Eric Schwartz.

Jack's career has been nothing if not eclectic. He played trumpet in a jazz quartet in a beatnik coffeehouse in Seattle in 1959 - reading poetry to the audience during breaks. He learned banjo and mandolin to spice up folk groups in the '60s. He played pedal-steel guitar in a country-rock band, and composed chamber music for strings, winds, piano and voice for which he won a national arts grant. He also played classical guitar/lute in a Renaissance ensemble.

Jack has been writing original songs since 1970, and has four CDs of original music on the Wind River (Folk Era) label: "Highway From Back Home," "Dreams of the Song Dog," "Across the Winterline" and "Eternity & Main."

The Whistle Pig Concert Series is sponsored by Artstream Cultural Resources, a local arts and art education nonprofit. Suggested donation for the concert is $10, which includes homemade desserts, coffee and tea at intermission. All proceeds from the concert go to the musician.

Mark your calendar for this evening of compelling. Reservations are strongly suggested for this intimate house concert, and may be made by calling Clarissa Hudson at 264-2491.


Chimney Rock 2004, with pueblo and tribal dancers, is July 10-11

By Caroline Brown

Special to The PREVIEW

Its time for Chimney Rock 2004 this weekend, a Native American gathering with traditional singers and dancers from Hopi, Acoma, Laguna, Santa Clara and San Juan Pueblos and Southern Ute dancers all coming together at the Chimney Rock Archaeological Area.

Glenn Raby, spokesperson for the Forest Service and a Chimney Rock interpreter said, "Its hard to believe that its been 10 years since the Hopis first danced at Chimney Rock in 1995. The Forest Service is honored to support these cultural events."

And, he added, "We congratulate the Friends of Native Cultures and all the volunteers and supporters for their dedication and hard work. Most of all, we thank the singers and dancers who bring these beautiful events to life and allow us to see what Chimney Rock must have been like so long ago, and remind us that these cultures remain vibrant and strong today."

Chimney Rock 2004 will be celebrated Saturday and Sunday, July 10-11 at the Chimney Rock area 20 miles west of Pagosa Springs.

Festivities will begin at 11 a.m. at the Chimney Rock cabin with the Southern Ute Heritage Performers presenting a special program including their traditional pow wow dances. Two hour programs featuring the pueblo dancers will be held at 1 and 4 p.m. in the Great Kiva.

The public should come through the gate at least 30 minutes prior to the program and are encouraged to bring a camping chair. Admission is $10 for adults and $5 for children 10 and under. All proceeds will be divided among the singers and dancers. No advance tickets will be sold.

Native American arts and crafts will be available. There will be no regular guided tours during the two-day Native American event and the trail to the great house and fire tower will be closed to the public.

There will be a couple of groups that have never danced at Chimney Rock at the event this year. Each year organizers try to expand the event to more singers and dancers. Spectators look forward to the Hopi dancers each year, as they have been coming to dance at Chimney Rock since 1995 and have become like family to Friends volunteers.

For a unique experience, be a part of Chimney Rock 2004, said Tom Ferrell, coordinator of Chimney Rock Interpretive Program tours.

"The Chimney Rock Archaeological Area is the only site in the Southwest that we know of where the pueblo people actually dance and sing their traditional songs for the public in a great kiva," he said. "We are proud to be a part of this event and partner with Friends of Native Cultures to provide the pueblo people and the public an educational and significant experience."

The event is funded in part by Durango Friends of the Arts and Friends of Archuleta County History.

For more information, call 731-4248.


'The Hills are Alive...' opens 7:30 p.m. today

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

Tonight, July 8, is opening night for The Pagosa Springs Music Boosters original revue, "The Hills Are Alive ... !"

Performances will follow on Friday, July 9, and Saturday, July 10 - all at 7:30 p.m. in the Pagosa Springs High School Auditorium.

This full-scale production, with a cast of over 50 singers, dancers and instrumental performers, showcases the music of Richard Rodgers, with lyrics by Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein II.

A rare opportunity to sample a half century of America's evolving entertainment culture is provided by this nostalgic journey into the musical magic of Rodgers, Hart, and Hammerstein.

Their enduring contributions to the show music literature of the 20th century include such works as "Babes in Arms," "Pal Joey," "Oklahoma," "Carousel," "South Pacific," "The King and I," TV's "Cinderella" and "The Sound of Music."

"Lavish" and "professional" are not usually appropriate adjectives to describe a small community's theatrical presentation, but the talent and production values in this remarkable musical revue surprisingly justify their usage.

Any remaining reserved seat tickets may be purchased at the Plaid Pony in Pagosa Springs. Tickets will also be available at the door. Prices are $12 for adults, $10 for seniors, and $6 for children.

Call 731-5262 for information. Bring the family.


Next Teen Center dance set July 30

By Karen Carpenter

Special to The PREVIEW

I am writing this after a long Fourth of July weekend that was filled with many entertaining activities. Teens at the center were few but I could wander the carnival and find them all. It will be fun to reunite and hear all their stories.

We have set a date for our next dance - July 30. Sean and Moe Webb will be heading this one up and it promises to be one you won't want to miss.

The dance will be bigger, and better, because we learn from experience. Girls, be sure to attend.

The Teen Center has two wonderful fund-raising events coming up so we can go into the fall with some cash for our programs and of course, food to keep these teens happy. More on that later.

I encourage any teen to check out the Teen Center if you are looking for a place to make new friends, challenge yourself or just hang. I look forward to welcoming you.

Make sure and see "The Hills Are Alive Š !" musical this weekend.

The Teen Center is in the community center on Hot Springs Boulevard and is open 1-8 p.m weekdays.

The phone is 264-4152.


Midsummer "Celebrate Reading" night is planned

Students are invited to come with their parents to Pagosa Springs Elementary School 6 p.m. Thursday, July 15, and are encouraged to bring their reading list or favorite book they have read this summer.

With just over five weeks of summer left before school starts, Pagosa Springs Rotary Club has become a partner with PIE, ( Partners in Education) for this event. A light picnic supper will be served and there will be reading activities for the kids.

This event has no charge and will take place outside, so dress accordingly. For information, call Joanne Irons, 731-4289.


Pagosa part-timer will read from new novel Saturday

Al Franzmeier, retired Lutheran minister and part-time Pagosa Country resident, will read from his novel "The Spiral Bridge" at Moonlight Books 10 a.m. Saturday, July 10.

From the earliest days of his childhood in a rural southern Minnesota community near Rosemount, Franzmeier wanted to be a writer. An avid reader, he poured his reflections, thoughts and poems into journals that only he read.

A few of his poems and thoughts were included in a college published journal, but nothing more. In those early years, instead of the written word he focused on debate and public speaking, an area where his talents for the dramatic was evident. His ability as a high school and college debater and dramatist stood him in good stead when he became a pastor and preacher in the Lutheran church.

Al and his wife, Sylvia, reside in suburban Spring, Texas, their home for over 25 years, and escape to their second home in Pagosa Springs as often as possible.

"The Spiral Bridge" is the story of a school teacher in the depression era - a college student who doesn't realize what she is stepping into when she accepts an emergency teaching position in a southern Minnesota country (one room) school at the end of her junior year.

Little does Tillie realize what she is stepping into when she accepts an emergency teaching position in a southern Minnesota country school at the end of her junior year. For some strange reason, the people of this tiny rural village do not want to discuss what happened to the previous school teacher.

Eventually Tillie discovers that she committed suicide because of an unwanted pregnancy.

The doubts remain, however. Was it suicide or was it murder? "A touch of 'Little House on the Prairie' - for grown ups," says Kristl V. Franklin, author and award winning script writer from The Woodlands, Texas.


Midsummer "Celebrate Reading" night is planned

Students are invited to come with their parents to Pagosa Springs Elementary School 6 p.m. Thursday, July 15, and are encouraged to bring their reading list or favorite book they have read this summer.

With just over five weeks of summer left before school starts, Pagosa Springs Rotary Club has become a partner with PIE, ( Partners in Education) for this event. A light picnic supper will be served and there will be reading activities for the kids.

This event has no charge and will take place outside, so dress accordingly. For information, call Joanne Irons, 731-4289.


Food for Thought

Blimp Boy loses gas ... temporarily

By Karl Isberg

SUN Columnist

Please Š anyone Š help me.

I'm desperate.

I don't need much.

A potato will do.

A slice of bread.

Dare I dream? A bit of pasta?

Oh, mercy, I think I'm losing consciousness.

And not in a good way. Not the wandering Amsterdam at 3 a.m trying to figure out how to get back to the hotel sort of way. That's fun. This is not.

My brain is slowly shutting down for lack of fuel.

My limbs feel like they're made of lead; I can barely stand, I struggle to walk more than a few steps.

My dilemma has such an easy solution, but my pride won't allow me to indulge it. Not yet. Must hold out.

This is a matter of honor.

Fueled, of course, by a grotesquely inflated ego and a high degree of stupidity.

You see, I have cut most carbohydrates from my diet.

Sure, this is passé at this point, given the millions of fatties who have gone low carb during the past few years in a pathetic, and temporary, rush to trim flab. Atkins? Old news.

So, I'm a diet lemming but, in the interest of honesty, I'll admit I intend to stay on the regimen for a mere two weeks.

And, since I'm fessing up, I need to note I've only been on the low-carb track for eight days but Š

I'm suffering. Mightily.

And I'm doing it because my youngest daughter slapped me with the gauntlet, smack in the chops, a bull's eye on the pride button.

Ivy breezed into town for a while and she was thrilled to see me. She crashed through the back door of the house. It was like a scene from "Father Knows Best," written by the Marquis de Sade.

"Hi, Dad. Wow, you're chunkier than ever. I'm pretty sure both of us won't fit in the hallway at once, so would you mind backing up to the living room? I love you."

It was a fine opening. I countered immediately.

"Well, I've been boosting the weight when I lift heavy objects and put them back down again, so I've added some bulk. We in the strength training sport call it 'thickness.'"

"Oh, yeah, you're thick all right." She poked me in the midsection with a finger. "And that's some pretty spongy padding around the package. Wooweeee, another couple pounds of this stuff around your waist and you can be a ride at Magic Mountain."

Always good to see the kids, isn't it?

"What's for dinner, daddy?"

For Ivy's first night at the hacienda, I decided to turn to tradition with some of the kid's old faves: chile verde with pork, homemade refries, roasted corn, fresh flour tortillas, a blend of three grated cheeses, guacamole.

I regale my precious progenette with the menu.

"No can do, Big Guy."

"But Š it's one of your faves."

"Yep, doesn't get much better. But it's also a major load of carbs and I gotta lose some pounds before I head back to Hollywood."

Ah, yes, Hollywood. Land of veneer, of all things superficial.

"Well, just don't eat too much; that oughta take care of it."

"Oh you poor thing. It's all about carbs. Where have you been? What are you thinking? You can't drop serious ell bees quickly with some goofy, retro 'watch your portions' plan. No wonder you're so chunky, Dad. If you get much bigger you'll need Wide Load signs and a car with flashing lights that scoots down the road in front of you. As long as you put all those carbs in your overstressed system, you are doomed to a permanent stay in blobdom. Geez you're plump!

"But, my chile has chicken broth, lean pork, garlic, loads of roasted, hot green chile, olive oil - the foundation of the much touted Mediterranean diet. You've spent a lot of time in the South of France. You know how healthy those Mediterranean types are."

"I know the recipe; I make it when I don't have to be thin. It's world class, Dad, but what do you use to thicken the chile?

"A roux. A blond roux, right out of the chute, just after I lightly sauté the diced pork."

"Now we're getting' somewhere, old guy. And, pray tell, what's in the roux?"

"Well, any third-grader knows that."

"Tell me, Dad."

"In this case, just oil and flour."

"Kazaam, Einstein - you hit it. Flour. What kind of flour?"

Just regular flour. "White flour."

"White flour that turns to fat. Evil flour. Carbs, and highly processed carbs at that. White is no longer right. Nothing white should pass your lips. Just ask Oprah."

"But, some of my favorite foods are white. Breads, tortillas, potatoes, banana, coconut milk."

"Verboten. As is sugar."

"Well, surely the white category doesn't include Š"

"I know where you're goin' here, Dad. It isn't going to be pretty, but you're going to have to face the facts."

"No, honey, no, it can't be."

"Oh yeah. Can be. Is. Say the word Dad, it'll help to say the word. That first step is the hardest."

"Iahhhhhhh Š"

"Say it. If you gotta use a little mouse voice, or if you need to whimper a bit, do it. Get past it, Dad."


"You're so brave. Say it again, loud enough for me to really hear it."


"White. Gone."

"What about whole wheat pasta?"

"Please. We both know it's not real. Forget it. Whole wheat pasta is the methadone of macaroni. It's time for mega protein, so we might as well start tonight. Oh, I forgot: nothing orange or red either - things like most vegetables and all fruit. Green is all right. We can have all the green we want, except for those avocados. Can't eat a lot of them. I've got about two weeks and you are doing this with me. It's going to be great fun."

"Ivester, I really don't know. I mean, if you're intent on cleaving to the false body images of your adopted home and satanic industry, that's your business. But, you gotta remember, I spend a lot of time lifting heavy objects and putting them back down again. Plus, I gotta keep the noggin in top shape for my demanding job as a newspaper editor. I need my energy, lots of glucose and Š"

"I'm embarrassed, Karl. What a fool I am: Here I thought my Dad was a tough guy, a person in control of himself. I've told my friends about you and it seems I lied. I feel like such a dolt. I didn't know you had surgery. It must have been terribly painful."


"Yeah, your spinectomy. How on earth do you get around without a backbone? Are we going to have to buy you one of those little motorized carts? Is that what it's come to?"

I caved. The pressure was too much to bear.

Breakfasts have been fairly easy to prepare: eggs, meat, cheese. Eggs cooked any old way, bacon, sausage, ham - dietary violations left and right - a significant ration of aged cheddar, some provolone to break the routine.

A typical lunch on the Ivy Plan: a couple sticks of string cheese and a can of chicken breast packed in water. Alternate with tuna or sardines in oil. Maybe some salad, with a simple lemon juice and olive oil dressing.

Dinner? Fire up the grill. It's a flesh fantasy. Grill some green stuff with the meat. Have some more green stuff in a salad. Cheese? Sure, why not. Loads and loads of cheese. Butter? Gnaw on a stick if you like.

Dessert: How about a teensy cup of that sugar-free gelatin with the artificial flavoring? Mmmm, that chemical aftertaste is special.

Ivy assures me she has more energy with low or no carbs than she does with my kind of cuisine.

Not me. I go to the gym now, pick up a heavy object of some sort and put it back down again, I feel like a little girl. Well, like a little person. Well, actually like a large, weak man.

Things have changed from happy to sad in the bathroom. I won't go into any detail, except to say that, should this national low-carb craze continue, I'm buying Metamucil stock.

I can't remember any more than three numbers at a time and I've forgotten the names of some of my best friends.

Have I lost any weight? You tell me. Could you look at the Goodyear Blimp and tell if it had 30 less pounds of gas in it?

Ivy and I did come up with a couple snappy, nearly carbless meals. She's a wonderful cook and the two of us put on our thinking caps and opened the idea factory.

The best so far was a take on Southeast Asian lettuce wraps. We purchased a head of red leaf lettuce, with very large outer leaves. We took off the leaves, washed them and trimmed back the thick rib to where it was flexible.

I seasoned some boneless chicken breasts then grilled them, oiling them and sprinkling them with red chile powder when they were just about done. I toasted the chile on both sides then sliced the breasts in strips.

We washed some bean sprouts, chopped some cilantro, sliced a bit of avocado and made a small batch of peanut sauce. (Hey, I know: There are a few carbs in plain peanut butter. So shoot me.)

The sauce was made with a couple tablespoons of plain peanut butter (no sugar) thinned over medium heat with chicken stock to a lava-like consistency. Into it went a wad of mashed garlic, a teensy bit of fish sauce and some red pepper flakes. A splash of lemon juice and the sauce was ready for action.

We took a lettuce leaf, put a bed of green stuff and sprouts on the leaf, plopped a couple strips of the grilled chicken down and slathered on a whisper of the sauce. Rolled up like a tortilla, the melange was fine chow. Or, rather, four or five of the wraps were fine chow.

A salad with greens and raw broccoli was joined on the side by a mess of spectacular sauteed green beans with shallot, garlic, lemon and almonds, crafted by my little bunny bear.

Topped off with a container or two of that Aspartame-riddled gelatin (the kind where the fake strawberry flavoring permeates your sinuses and remains there for a couple hours) and we had a passable meal.

So, it's not impossible to cut way back on the carbs and convince yourself you're really eating. Try tuna and shrimps, marinated in soy, ginger, garlic, red chile paste and a splash of rice vinegar, skewered and briefly grilled.

Or grilled chicken kebabs, basted with red curry slurry. Or sea scallops sauteed golden in butter and dressed with a sauce made of their liquor and a dash of curry paste.

Not bad.

But still lacking the positive ummphh of a pasta fashioned from high-grade, hard wheat. The taste buds can sparkle with this low-carb fare, but the system lacks a full tank.

Give me a minute, here; I'm seeing black spots floating in front of my face and I can't feel my hands. I need to stretch out on the floor for a while.

OK, I'm back.

Ivy has four more days here in Pagosa. She is jumping on and off the Tanita high-tech scale and, judging by her boisterous behavior, she is clicking into her desired zone.

Me? I'm gnawing on a block of blue cheese from Wisconsin my friend Dan gave me, waiting for my brother to arrive from Denver with a cooler full of sausages from a Polish deli he discovered in a run-down shopette. Plenty of protein there. Those beauties will meld perfectly with the fare I've been shoveling down the last eight days because of my pride and, together, they should pretty much shut down my renal system and permanently damage my liver just in time for my heart attack.

Unless I can hold out until Ivy leaves next week.

If I survive that long, there is miracle medicine available.

I have a recipe for rigatoni with fonduta (one of the richest cheese sauces know to man, made with fontina). I'll whip that up as a first course, then bring on a load of sauteed polenta with wild mushroom and sausage ragout, or maybe some gnocchi, or ravioli. I'll throw in a mess of asparagus Milanese just for old time's sake.

That should put the low-carb experiment to rest and add a few pounds of much-needed gas to the blimp.


Cruising with Cruse

Landmark destinations on Piedra River Trail

By Katherine Cruse

SUN Columnist

Whether a trail is hard or easy depends on so many factors: how long you've been at this altitude, how much hiking have you done, what kind of physical shape you're in when you start, how far you intend to hike.

The Piedra River Trail is really pretty easy. It isn't too high, which helps if you're coming here from the flatlands of Texas. It's pretty level too. It begins at an elevation of about 7,600 feet at a trailhead just beyond where the Piedra Road crosses the Piedra River, and it descends to an elevation of 7,100 at First Fork bridge.

But saying it's level is like saying that once you climb up to the Continental Divide Trail it's all level. No way. It's a pretty safe bet that every trail goes up and down, even if the beginning and ending elevations are almost the same.

Even an easy trail has hard patches, like those places where two boulders rub shoulders right in the middle of the path, and you have to pick your way up, over, down or around them. A short descent or climb can be made hard if the trail is eroded and full of loose rocks.

I am constantly impressed at the variation in abilities and ages of the people who hike our trails. People who look like most of their exercise is pushing back the Laz-E-Boy recliner to watch 60 Minutes make it to Fourmile Falls, for instance. Even small children can cover a lot of trail, if they can go at their own pace.

I met another family group on the Piedra River Trail, this one in the canyon, where the steep rocky overhang looks like it's waiting for a good rain to loosen things up. There were two young dads, one carrying a toddler on his shoulders. He asked me if the trail was "like this" the whole way. I told him that soon it opened into a meadow, and he looked relieved. There was mom, and grandpa, and bringing up the rear was the toddler's grandmother, clinging to her hiking stick.

"Did you go all the way?" she asked me. "All the way to where?" I asked back. "To the end," she said.

Like a lot of trails, the end can be a long way off. It can be where the trail joins the Continental Divide Trail, and that can take you to Montana. Or to Mexico.

On the Piedra River Trail the other day, I hiked in about four miles. (And back out again, for another four more miles.) Not many people go that far, and I don't blame them. The last half mile before I turned back was uninteresting, to put it kindly. You don't have to go nearly that far to see some pretty country.

When you set out from your car, the first landmark is the little boxy canyon, where the cliff that makes Ice Cave Ridge is tumbling into the river. Beyond that the land opens into a lovely meadow with the river flowing through it. A mile and a half in you come to a bridge over Williams Creek, coming down from the mountains to join the main stream.

This is a lovely spot to take your picnic lunch. Your round trip is a three mile hike through some great scenery. I'd call that an easy hike. I don't know if that little boy would agree or not.

The next landmark destination on this trail is a bridge over the Piedra River itself. That's about two and a half miles in. Three people and their dog were ahead of me on the trail that day, and that was their destination.

I stopped on the open bluff above the bridge and watched them fish for a while. Beyond the bridge a trail continued, eventually disappearing into the wooded hillside.

This was part of the old Piedra Stock Driveway, used by sheep herders to take the flocks into the high country for summer grazing. They'd come up from the highway and stop at the Turkey Springs cabin, where a Forest Service ranger counted their numbers.

Beyond the turnoff to the bridge over the Piedra River, the main trail climbs gently for about half a mile before descending abruptly to yet another bridge, this one over Weminuche Creek. The old stock driveway follows the creek up into higher ground. Since no sheep use it anymore, it's labeled a pack trail on the maps.

I kept going straight ahead, following the trail down along the Piedra River, until it was clear that I was going to be at the bottom of the canyon for a long time, seeing nothing but brushy sides, wondering if a big cat was watching me, wondering if search and rescue would realize I had gone this far, when I didn't return and check in with my neighbor. So I turned back.

What goes down must come up. Switchbacks down a steep hill make for a slow climb back up.

But most of my return hike was as pleasant as the trip out. There were many more people on the trail in the afternoon, some hiking "to the bridge," some fishing. Starting out after lunch is okay on a June afternoon, except for the heat, but a monsoon rainstorm could put a real damper on your pleasant excursion in the middle of August.

I was almost at the end of my hike, when I met a family just beginning theirs. They were at the sign that advises hikers to look for river otters, which were allegedly introduced to the river in 1978. I've never seen any otters along this river, but I trust the Department of Wildlife.

Anyway, this was a family of five, dad, mom, who was carrying a pre-toddler, and two young children. One of them looked up at me. "Is this an easy trail?" he asked. Bless his heart, and his complete confidence that I could give him a useful answer. What did I say?


Note: Here's one more thing to carry when you hike: the Colorado Outdoor Recreation Search and Rescue card. This is like insurance. If Search and Rescue has to come find you and maybe bring in a helicopter to carry out your battered body, you won't get a bill in the thousands of dollars. If you have a current fishing or hunting license, you're automatically covered.

The hiking card costs $3 for a year's insurance.

Don't leave home without it.


Extension Viewpoints

BSE case had little impact on consumers

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Today - 4-H Entomology, Extension Office, 12:30 p.m.

Friday, July 9 - 4-H Colorado Kids Club meeting, Extension Office, 2 p.m.; 4-H Rabbit Meeting, Extension office, 2 p.m.; 4-H Cake Decorating at Robyn's, 4 p.m.

Saturday, July 10 - 4-H Food Preservation at Jean's, 9 a.m.; 4-H Steer Showmanship Clinic at Mike's, 9:30

Monday, July 12 - 4-H Dog Obedience, 4 p.m.; Sports Fishing, 4; 4-H Shooting Sports at Ski & Bow Rack, 4; 4-H Pagosa Peaks Club meeting, 6:30.

Tuesday, July 13 - 4-H Rocky Mountain Riders Club meeting, 6 p.m.; 4-H Swine showmanship clinic at PT's, 7.

Wednesday, July 14 - 4-H Entomology, Extension office, 12:30 p.m.; Optional Weigh-in for 4-H market animals, 6 p.m.; 4-H Junior Stockman Club meeting in Chromo, 7.

Only a small percentage of U.S. beef consumers changed their buying habits after December's Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy-positive case in Washington, according to a recent national survey from Colorado State University Cooperative Extension.

The study also suggests that consumers put a high importance on BSE - or mad cow - testing of beef in the food supply compared to the emphasis they place on other traits - price, natural or grass-fed beef and traceability of the product through the food supply system.

The study, which confirmed that consumer confidence in the food supply remained high in 2004, found that only 22 percent of a survey population said they changed their beef purchase behavior after the BSE-positive case. One-third of these respondents eventually returned to their pervious purchasing behavior and confidence level in the U.S. beef supply.

The majority of respondents noted that their primary behavior change was to buy different types of beef, such as different cuts of meat or different brands, and another group said they purchased less beef. A very small group of consumers noted that the one incident led them to purchase directly from producers or from natural and organic producers, signaling potential market growth to producers pursuing such niches.

Still other respondents reported purchasing more beef than before because of lower prices, and a third of all consumers said they had not changed their behavior at all and some respondents resumed their earlier purchase habits after the initial BSE scare had passed.

"The impact on beef purchases in the United States following the December BSE-positive cow was lower than the impact that other countries have experienced. However, this was one isolated incident. Still, the results of the survey do suggest that the consumers believe that the U.S. Department of Agriculture handled the December case well, and a very small minority have concerns with regulatory and testing policies, a testament to the credibility USDA has with consumers," said Dawn Thilmany, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension economist. "The survey also shows that consumers highly value BSE testing, which could suggest that increased testing may be cost effective in some consumers' opinions, but information on willingness to pay higher prices for beef tested for BSE is not yet available."

Full text of the study, along with details about consumer's responses, can be found at http://dare.agsci.colostate.edu/csuagecon/extension/docs/agmarketing/amr04.


Pagosa Lakes News

PLPOA agenda includes property owner survey issues

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

There will be a Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association meeting at 7 p.m. today in the Pagosa Lakes clubhouse.

This meeting is open to all members and observers. Public comments are heard at the beginning of the meeting.

The following agenda for the meeting was provided by PLPOA:

- call to order;

- approval of agenda;

- approval of minutes of June 10, 2004 board meeting;

- general manager's report;

- public comments;

- treasurer's report - written report from Treasurer Uehling to be distributed at meeting.

Committee reports

- Recreation Center Committee - no meeting held since last board meeting;

- Lakes, Fisheries and Parks Committee - minutes included in board packet;

- Ad Hoc Lake Study Committee - no meeting since last board meeting;

- ECC agendas and minutes included in DCC packet for information; ECC report included as presented by liaison member Pierre Mion.

Old Business

- Who will give the invocation for the 2004 annual meeting?

Recurring business

- Continued discussion of property owner survey issues regarding convenant enforcement, Declarations of Restrictions and owner expectations. Written report from Director Ebeling included.

New Business

- Michael Piper, property owner and chairman of Lakes, Fisheries and Parks Committee to discuss air quality standards and monitoring proposal;

- general manager seeks approval to obtain retail sales license for the Association. See Item 4 in general manager's report;

- review of annual meeting agenda;

- review of legal status report, specifics not for discussion at open meeting.


Annual meeting

The annual meeting will be held Saturday, July 31. Social hour and voting will begin at 9 a.m. with a prompt start of the meeting at 10 a.m.

Purpose of the annual meeting is to elect four property owners to the board of directors; vote on bylaw changes; hear reports from the board and its standing committees; and consider other business.

Of the four property owners voted to the board of directors, three will be regular vacancies to fill expiring terms and one will be an irregular vacancy for an appointed director to compete his term.

Any new business which a property owner wishes to have incorporated into the agenda must be submitted in writing to the PLPOA by 5 p.m. July 16. All submitted items will be reviewed for legality and appropriateness in keeping with annual meeting business prior to being placed on the agenda.

Property owners in good standing as shown on a voter list certified Tuesday, June 1 (60 days prior to the election) are encouraged to vote in person at the annual meeting, 9-10 a.m.

Property owners unable to attend the meeting may vote absentee by completing the ballot printed in the June 2004 Pagosa Lakes News mailed to all property owners last month. Please read the newsletter. Candidate statements and proposed bylaw amendments are highlighted for your information.

If you do vote absentee, your name and return address must be legible in order for your vote(s) to be valid. Use the return addressed envelope enclosed in the newsletter and print your name and address on the envelope. All ballots received without return addresses and names will be invalidated. Make our vote count.

PLPOA is looking for a volunteer to maintain its library of donated books. If you have some time, the interest and the personality (to sort, organize and categorize) for this position, call Gloria at the administrative office, 731-5635. Your help will be appreciated.




Delainy Faith Martin

Big sister Desiray Hope Martin and proud parents Jarred and Tiffany Martin of Pagosa Springs would like to tell everyone about the birth of Desiray's little sister, Delainy Faith Martin. Delainy was born June 12, 2004, at 11:05 p.m. in Mercy Medical Center in Durango. She weighed 7 pounds, 9 ounces, and was 19 inches long. The happy grandparents are Larry and Terri Barrett of Edgewood, Texas, and Deryle and Diane Martin of Pagosa Springs.



Ruby Lowry

Ruby Etta Lowry passed away Saturday, July 3, 2004 at Pine Ridge Extended Care Center in Pagosa Springs.

Born Dec. 16, 1911, in Enid, Okla., she was the daughter of Jay Melvin Shorter and Edith Adella Shorter.

Ruby had moved to Pagosa Springs from Hemet, Calif., in 1992. She was married to Meridith Lee Lowry in Long Beach, Calif., on Aug. 21, 1930, and had worked building aircraft and computers.

Ruby was preceded in death by her husband, Meridith; two daughters, Reva June Ahrens and Adella Ann Call ; and two granddaughters, Karen Marie Morris and Cassandra Josephine Pfeifle.

She is survived by her daughter and son-in-law, Betty J. and Charles M. Pelton of Pagosa Springs; eight grandchildren, Mike Burdett, Catherine Cline and Tom Marin of Pagosa Springs; Dan Marin and Margo Morris of California; Joanne Berry of Tucson, Ariz; Preston E. Call of Las Vegas, Nev.; Phil Ahrens Sr., of McAllen, Texas, and numerous great-grandchildren and great-great grandchildren.

Burial will be at Inglewood Park Cemetery in California after cremation.


Frank H. Allen Jr.

The Honorable Judge Frank H. Allen Jr. of Pagosa Springs and Albuquerque passed away June 22, 2004.

He was born Jan. 7, 1930 in West Virginia to Frank H. Allen Sr. and Katherine McNeer Allen.

He had attended the University of West Virginia and was a graduate of the University of Illinois School of Law. A retired Bernalillo, N.M. County Judge, he was a member of St. John's Episcopal Church in Albuquerque.

Survivors include his wife, Joanna McGuire-Allen of Pagosa Springs and Albuquerque; his son, Brad Denison and wife, Cindy Cunningham; grandchildren Cheyenne Denison, Melissa Denison, Chase Denison, Ashli Cunningham and Taylor Cunningham, all of Pagosa Springs.

He was preceded in death by his parents; a son, Frank H. Allen III and Joan McKinnon Allen.

Memorial services will be at 1:30 p.m. Saturday, July 17, in St. John's Cathedral, 318 Silver Ave., SW, Albuquerque.

In lieu of flowers, the family suggests donations be made to a charity of your choice.


Frank C. Cain

Frank C. "Uncle Frank" Cain, 63, died July 3, 2004 in Wellfleet, Mass., from injuries sustained in an auto accident.

Frank was born in Cleveland Heights, Ohio, and graduated from Kent State University. He moved to Provincetown, Mass., in 1968 and worked as a deckhand on the Barbara Lee, also as a carpenter and in various capacities at the Foc'sle Bar. He moved to Wellfleet 25 years ago and opened "The Outback," a donut shop behind the town hall. He moved the business to a harbor location 20 years ago and it evolved into "Uncle Frank's." He and his shop came a beloved part of family visits to Cape Cod seasonally and to those who are residents.

Locals eagerly anticipated his arrival in early May each year. Frank enjoyed mountain biking, hiking, snowboarding, fishing, sailing, reading and windsurfing. He loved experiencing the outdoors in Colorado where he wintered in Pagosa Springs. He had a special love for Mexico and its people where he traveled extensively for 40 years.

But most of all, Frank loved all people, especially the children. He knew how to engage people and truly listen to what they had to say. He made sure he contacted his Cape friends during the winter. He had a kind word for everyone, was truly loved, will be missed deeply, but will remain in our hearts forever.

Frank Cain is truly a Wellfleet "institution." He is an original and there will never be another person like him.

Frank is survived by his wife, Patricia Cain of Wellfleet; a son, Adam and his wife Melanie of Port Orange, Fla; a sister, Linda Knight of Mashpee, Mass; and his devoted girlfriend of eight years, Judi Feldman of St. Paul, Minn. and Wellfleet, and hundreds of friends worldwide.

A memorial service is scheduled in The First Congregational Church on Main Street in Wellfleet 10 a.m. Saturday, July 10 with celebration of Frank's life to follow at Uncle Frank's Donut Shop.

Memorial donations may be made to the Frank Cain Memorial Fund, c/o Cape Cod Five Cents Savings Bank, Main Street, Welfleet, MA 02667.


Helen Gallegos-Tabor

Helen Gallegos-Tabor a nearly lifelong resident of Archuleta County, passed away at her home in Arboles June 30, 2004.

Helen was born Nov. 21, 1916 in Frances, Colo., to Teofilo and Magdalena Martinez. She left the area to attend school and graduated from high school in Santa Cruz, N.M.

On Aug. 22, 1936, at the age of 19, Helen married Juan F. Gallegos Sr. They lived together in Archuleta County until Juan's death May 6, 1965. On Dec. 26, 1974, she married Roy S. Tabor in Verde, Nev. He passed away Aug. 19, 1992.

Helen worked as a rancher, businesswoman and homemaker, and was active in the Carmeletas at St. Peter-St. Rose Catholic Church in Arboles. She enjoyed oil painting, canning, quilting, gardening and ceramics.

She was preceded in death by a daughter, Betsy Stevens.

Survivors include her four sons, John A. Gallegos Jr., of Arboles; Jerry Gallegos of Arvada, Colo.; Larry Gallegos of Fontana, Calif; and Gerard Gallegos of Arboles; 14 grandchildren and 21 great-grandchildren.

Recitation of the Rosary was 6:30 p.m. Sunday, July 4, 2004, and Mass 10 a.m. Monday, July 5, in St. Peter-St. Rose Catholic Church. Burial followed in La Rosa Cemetery. Father John Bowe of Immaculate Heart of Mary Church in Pagosa Springs officiated at the rites.

Memorial contributions may be directed to St. Frances Catholic Church.


Business News
Preview Profile

Dave German

Associate planner, Archuleta County


Where were you born?

"Cherry Point, North Carolina."


Where did you go to school?

"I graduated from Chatsworth in South California, did undergrad work at USC in California and I am a graduate from UCD in Denver."


When did you arrive in Pagosa Springs?

"June 26."


What did you do before you arrived here?

"I was a project manager for Graybar Electric Company for 11 years."


What are your job responsibilities?

"I perform all planning functions."


What are the most enjoyable and least enjoyable aspects of your job?

"I enjoy having the opportunity to learn new things and serve the community. The least enjoyable part of my job is not knowing how to do everything I'm supposed to just yet. "


What is your family background?

"I came to Pagosa with my wife, DeAnn."


What do you like best about the community?

"I like the mountain environment and that it's a smaller town than where I'm from."


What are your other interests?

"Computer gaming, biking, baseball, skiing and racquetball."



Kathleen Martinez

Kathleen Martinez, daughter of former Pagosa Springs residents Raymond and Karen Martinez, graduated with honors June 7 from Basic High School in Henderson, Nev.

One of the co-valedictorians for her class, she has been accepted at the University of Notre Dame where she will begin classes in late August.

Kathleen's grandparents, Percy and Cora Chambers and Juan B. and Pablita Martinez, were decendants from some of the first families to settle in Archuleta County.




Mr. and Mrs. Tom McIntyre of Pagosa Springs would like to announce the engagement of their daughter, Logan Lee McIntyre, to John Derek Ivie, son of John and Diane Ivie of Corsicana, Texas. Logan is currently attending Navarro Junior College in Corsicana. Derek is a magna cum laude graduate of Texas A&M University in College Station. The wedding will be 6 p.m. July 17 at Westminster Presbyterian Church in Corsicana.


Cards of Thanks

Youth to Work

The Archuleta County Education Center would like to thank all the Youth to Work students, their friends, family and local establishments for their generous contributions to support Becca Stephen's going to England through The People to People Sports Ambassador's program, and Helen Anderson and Niamh McKernan building friendship and trust here in Pagosa Springs this summer from Northern Ireland through The Children's Project for Northern Ireland.

Allen's Auto Body & Paint, Alpha Engineering, Aspen Tree Veterinarian, Barnwood Crafts, Bear Creek Saloon, City Market, Cool Heads, Cool Water Plumbing, Copper Coin Liquor, C's Deli & Ice Cream Parlor, Curves, Daylight Donuts, Dominoes Pizza, DSP Pizza, Frankies Pizza, Hogs Breath, Irish Rose, Isabel's, Jackisch Drug Store, Java Hut, JJ's, Joy Automotive, KWUF, Le Nails, Liberty Theater, Malt Shoppe, McDonald's, M 4 Him, Inc., Mountain Snapshots, Mountain Storm, 19th Hole, Pagosa Hot Springs, Pizza Hut, Rotary Club, Ponderosa Do It Best, Restoration Fellowship, Shang Hai, The Elk Horn, The Rotary Club, The Sewing Source, The Spa, The Sport's Emporium, Victoria's Parlor, WolfTracks Coffee, and all the individuals who came and supported our pancake breakfast and checkers tournament May 7 and 8.

Keys traced

Thanks to everyone in this wonderful community for reuniting me with my car keys. Thanks to the individual who picked them up and put them on the park gazebo; thanks to the park and rec guys who found them and turned them in to Jim Miller; thanks to Chief Donald Volger and Rita for calling me with news my keys were found.

'Tis truly a blessing and a privilege to live in Pagosa Springs.

Angie Dahm

LPEA grant

The La Plata Electric Round-up Foundation has awarded Pagosa Springs Spanish Fiesta Club a grant in the amount of $1,000 to be used toward continuing the Fiesta tradition and fund-raiser for scholarships.

The Fiesta this year, on July 17, will benefit immensely by this grant. Thanks to the LPEA Round-up Foundation and to all electric association members who work with Round-up. With help like that of LPEA and the community we will be able to continue this great tradition.

Jeff Laydon

Casa de los Arcos

Thank you from Casa de los Arcos to the following for their generous donations:

Carolyn Church for puzzles and knitting materials; Curves for all the food items; Pagosa Baking Company for bread and other baked goods; Terrie Koch for beautiful flower arrangements; anonymous donor for pudding, popcorn and soup.

Molly Johnson,

Casa de los Arcos


Pagosa Springs Music Boosters would like to acknowledge and thank the Colorado Council on the Arts for its generous grant in support of the 7th Annual Southwest Colorado Community Theatre Festival, to be held in Pagosa the first weekend in October.

Proud of parade

Once again the Rotary Independence Day parade was a big success thanks to a lot of wonderful and dedicated people in Pagosa Springs including the Pagosa Springs Police, Colorado Mounted Rangers, Sheriff's Department, American Legion, San Juan Hospital District, Fire Protection District, Chamber of Commerce, county Extension office, Pagosa SUN, KWUF, Rotary Club, announcers Karl Isberg and Mike Branch, Day Lumber, all of the residents along 8th Street where the parade forms, the parade Marshal Elaine Nossaman and of course all of the entries that made up the parade.

Together, we celebrated a very significant day for our country as well as Pagosa's heritage.

Jann Pitcher

Rotary president

Senior seating

Thank you so much to Rotary for providing the seating in the shade for the seniors. The parade was a blast!

Everyone enjoyed themselves and stayed comfortable thanks to you.

Musetta Wollenweber

Silver Foxes Den Senior Center

Memorial pins

Words cannot express to the Class of '84 how touched we were by the memorial pins made for those attending the reunion.

Each pin contained the photos of three fallen classmates - Emily Villarreal, Dino Martinez and Blain Cooney.

Thank you from the bottom of our hearts for remembering our children in such a beautiful way.

Forever grateful!

Judd and Diane Cooney

Lisa (Cooney) Kraetsch and family


All of us at Tara Mandala wish to thank the Laurence Martinez family for their amazing and compassionate friendship and help in bringing Vanessa home safely.


Sports Page


95-yard birdie highlight for women's golf

By Lynne Allison

Special to The SUN

The Pagosa Women's Golf Association featured a scramble format for June 29 league day with teams comprised of A, B, C and D players.

In this format, all players on each team hit a drive, and the best drive is chosen; then all players on each team hit the second shot. After the best second shot is selected, all players hit the third shot and so on until the team reaches the green.

All players then get to putt until the ball is holed out. The ladies played the Piñon and Ponderosa courses which have a par rating of 71.

First place went to Lynne Allison, Carol Barrows and Katy Threet with a 71. Jan Kilgore, Linda Dulissey, Benny Lohman and Sue Martin were second with 73. Third place went to Karen Carpenter, Patty Hart, Cherry O'Donnell and Genie Roberts at 76.

The shot of the day went to Carol Barrows who holed out her third shot from 95 yards on number 9 Piñon for a birdie.

Since she was below the green and only the flag stick was visible from that location, golfers didn't know she had holed out until they walked onto the green where her ball was nowhere to be seen.

"Why don't you check the hole?" she was told. She walked over, looked in and cried, "it's in the hole, it's in the hole."

It was an exciting moment for her and provided lots of smiles the rest of the round.

After the scramble, members reconvened at the home of Sharon and Norm Utz for a potluck luncheon and a general association meeting.


Fort Lewis soccer camps begin Sunday

Fort Lewis College hosts a team soccer camp for boys and girls ages 10-14 Sunday-Friday, July 11-16.

Cost is $175 for day campers and $435 for residential campers, with discounts available for multiple weeks, families and teams.

Residential campers will stay at Fort Lewis College and dine in the college cafeteria. Check-in for residential campers is 6-7 p.m. Sunday, July 11. Day campers are provided no meals, but can go home to eat, buy meals at the cafeteria or bring their lunches each day. Check-in for day camp is 9 a.m. Monday, July 12.

All campers will participate in training sessions, individual and group skill work and team concept building each day from 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m. at the Skyhawk athletic fields. Residential campers will also have evening activities planned for them.

Participants should bring soccer ball, shin guards, water and shoes. Camp staff includes Skyhawk men's soccer coach Jeremy Gunn, Skyhawk women's soccer coach Jaymee Carozza, assistant coaches Darren Morgan and Damian Clark, goalkeeper coach George Okallo and former 10-year professional player Pete Clinch.

For more information, contact Morgan by phone at 382-6979 or morgan_d@fortlewis.edu or Gunn by phone at 247-7461 or gunn_j@fortlewis.edu.


All Breed Open horse show slated July 17

The Four Corners Appaloosa Horse Club will have its All Breed Open Horse Show 9 a.m. Saturday, July 17, at the Red Ryder Arena.

Along with show classes, game classes (keyhole, barrels, pole bending) will be run.

New this year are three classes added for 4-H youth. Belt buckles will be awarded for all high point winners.

For more information contact David and Stacie Castro at 264-5581.


Health concerns video conference scheduled July 15

A statewide video conference to provide a forum for members of the public to present comments health care issues will be held Thursday, July 15.

La Plata County Fairgrounds in Durango will be the video conferencing site for the Four Corners area.

The event is Caring for Colorado Foundation's fourth annual meeting. Community members throughout the area are invited to gather in the Lightner Room at the fairgrounds at 3 p.m. to discuss challenges being faced in accessing health services they need or want; and what the foundation could do to address these concerns.

The statewide video presentation will begin at 4 p.m. with Karen Midkiff, executive director of Mercy Health Foundation in Durango presenting a summary of the local discussions.

For more information call Midkiff at 382-2091 or karenmidkiff @mercydurango.org.


Parks & Rec

Holiday festivities required the work of many volunteers

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

We are very grateful to live where we do.

From whole-to-part, we are thankful for living in the United States, the great state of Colorado, Archuleta County, and the best part is living in Pagosa Country.

I would like to acknowledge the following people and organizations for their lead in the Fourth of July festivities. I hope I do not leave anyone off; we had many anonymous donors, and people who paid for parking to help defray the cost of the 2004 fireworks show.

I imagine we have set the standards a little higher, and we may have to change a few things in our celebration but, all in all, I believe we have started a tradition for locals and tourists as well.

Thank you

Fireworks crew:

Mike Gillich, Crystal Coughlin, J.P. Rappenecker, Peter Rappenecker, Shane "Little Tuna" Martinez, Gary Dean Lattin, Jeremy Lattin, Dennis Ford, Dylan Pruitt, Jason Lombard, Jon Reed, John Haner, Mike Ingram, Jeremy Judd and Crew Chief Jim Miller.


Sue Jones, Matt Jones, Virginia, and Fred Manzanares and all of the street crew, especially Chris Gallegos, for all the blade work.


Kate Lister, Myles Gabel, Maggie Gabel, Erin Gabel and Heather Hunt.


Chamber of Commerce, Pagosa Hot Strings, Jonny Mogambo Band, and a very special thanks to Fireworks America, Sam Stout (sales and operation manager).

Clean up :

Archuleta Solid Waste, Cliff Lucero, Kane Lucero and Anyssa Lucero.


Alpine Electric, Kent Lord, Jamie Lord and Les Lister

Booth sponsor/ vendors:

Four Corners Folk Fest, Kiwanis, Enzo's Catering, Back County Barbeque, Old Country Kettle Corn, House of Muskets, Class of 74, Class of 84, Mike Branch, Nan Rowe, Pagosa Kid, Hopi Dancers and all the volunteers with this special group.

The Parks and Recreation Department has heard some very positive testimonials from everyone concerning the picnic and the fireworks, so thank you, and we can not wait for next year.

Open volleyball

Open volleyball will start Tuesday, July 13, 6-8 p.m. in the community center and continue throughout the summer. Participants must be at least incoming — juniors in high school through adults.

For more information contact Myles at 264-4151, Ext. 232.

Volleyball camp

Get ready for your upcoming high school season. Our high school volleyball camp will take place July 28-31 at Pagosa Springs High School for grades 9-12.

To reserve a spot for camp, contact Penné Hamilton at 264-2441 or Gabel.

Adult softball

Our adult softball leagues continue in full "swing" with six men's and five coed teams doing battle each Monday, Wednesday and Thursday night.

With teams from Pagosa Springs and Dulce competing each week the games have been close and exciting. Play will continue throughout the summer with playoffs beginning in August.

Youth baseball

Our 2004 Youth Baseball season came to an end this week with all of our teams and coaches doing a great job.

The Pagosa Springs Recreation Department would like to thank the following sponsors which helped the program flourish this season.

Sunset Ranch, BootJack Ranch, Kiwanis Club, Pagosa Family Medicine, Edward Jones Investments, Brighton Custom Homes, Alpine Electric Service, All Clean, CarQuest, Flihan's Flooring, Sutherland Construction and Lone Pine Custom Millworks.

Umpires, referees

The department continues to seek individuals interested in officiating baseball, volleyball, soccer or basketball. Please contact Gabel if you are interested. Pay is $15-$25 per game.


Pretty good company

With the political scene heating up and a variety of issues causing consternation in segments of the population, there continues to be plenty to fret about, much to complain about in Pagosa Country, in Colorado, in the nation. We believe criticism and conflict are necessary fuel for the engine of change, and we value them here when advanced in civil fashion.

But, following our Fourth of July weekend in Pagosa Country, it is appropriate to head in another direction. Let's dwell on some of the things that are best about us - as Pagosans, as Americans. Last weekend, we saw plenty of it.

An occasion like the Fourth in a small community is a lens that allows us to see each other outside our normal routines, a situation that provides an opportunity to think about ourselves and our neighbors, divorced from regular circumstances. It is an occasion filled with enthusiasm, high spirits, a sense of community - a spirit that extends beyond town and county, past state boundaries. What can we see about ourselves?

We are optimistic, and it shows during our Fourth of July, just as it must in every small town across the country.

We are exuberant and selfless workers when we want to be, giving of energy and time with little thought of remuneration. Think about the number of volunteers who made the Fourth in Pagosa Country so successful. How many Pagosans worked to make sure the Red Ryder Roundup took place? How many to organize and direct the parade? How about the other events in town - the quilt show, the arts and crafts fair among them? How many neighbors who made these things happen took nothing from the activity but the sense of a job well done, a satisfaction that came from giving to others?

Think of how many Americans did the same, volunteering last weekend where they live. Think about all the other events and activities throughout the year where volunteers are the key.

We are charitable. At times to a fault.

We are idealists, despite some of our best efforts not to be. Reflect on the principals at the core of our Fourth of July. Most of us acknowledge them during our revelries. And, with a few sorry exceptions, regardless of frequent contentiousness, we believe in them. Damn the revisionism, and full speed ahead: we may at times be naive, but a sizable number of us continue to act as if our ideals can be realized. And we work to see it happen in so many ways, large and small.

And our bickering itself is, in a way, a blessing. We are aggressive politically, culturally and economically and, though our discourses lapse too often into uncivil and reductionist exchanges, most of us cherish our rights to free speech and free assembly, and engage in an ongoing, political free-for-all. Most of us approve the right to do business in a free manner and to pursue spiritual life in any fashion we desire.

We are industrious. We are inventive in our pursuit of the good life. We want better for our children and grandchildren. A substantial number of us, though we often fail to find the right answer or the most productive path, also want the best for the world, regarding ourselves part of a universal human community. We are tough and we are tender. We are resilient, yet we can change when and if we have to.

We are a glorious mix of races, genders, ages, religions and political beliefs. When the dust clears after one of our many skirmishes, we've probably done our mixing as well or better than anyone.

We see all this in a small town on the Fourth of July.

We're imperfect, you bet. But we're pretty good company.

Karl Isberg

 Pacing Pagosa

Celebrating freedom in 2 lands

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The day started at dawn with a 10K run.

The participants gathered at 5:30 a.m. to get the race in before the temperature began to climb from the 80-degree mark.

There were ball games, including a basketball tournament.

News reports on television and in the daily press had the contestants enjoying their American holiday - in the most un-American of venues - Iraq.

Yes, even as we celebrated with long parades, games and carnivals, dancing and Native American dances, the servicemen and women of this nation were celebrating the nation's birthday in the land of Allah.

Since the nation's birthday came on a Sunday, church services at home and in Iraq focused on the history of freedom and relationships between peoples of the world.

The Associated Press reported that at a service on the outskirts of Baghdad protestant chaplain Capt. Jim Combs delivered a service about independence, focused on the Book of Exodus, where Moses and his followers had fled slavery in Egypt but were suffering in the wilderness. He told the military congregation the Biblical verses indicate there "was a lot of grumbling" among those Hebrews and asked his listeners if they ever grumble about their conditions.

His message was to pray for their leaders and to have faith.

Here at home, ministers were asking congregants to pray for service personnel and to keep the faith that a world at peace is still a possibility, however seemingly remote, which can be realized.

The similarities stretch beyond prayer and faith. The soldiers were treated to T-bone steaks, burgers and grilled chicken ... just as were the many who picnicked in Pagosa Country. Cakes and pies in both nations were decorated in red, white and blue.

Two elements were missing for those in a war zone that were evident across their home land - the traditional parade like that in Pagosa that was a highlight of the celebration, even though some felt the event was too long; and fireworks lighted the nighttime skies in communities large and small. In Pagosa Springs the display was described as "outstanding," "great for a town this size," "equal to any I've ever seen."

In Iraq one officer, remarking on the lack of fireworks display, quipped "there's no shortage from our side."

In Pagosa, parade participants distributed candy to children watching the parade and in Iraq some soldiers were seen sharing food with children in distressed areas.

In Pagosa that meant many violations of the rule against throwing candy to children instead of handing it out. And it meant children scrambling on the ground for treats and thus in danger of injury. In Iraq it meant a surprise for waifs who might well have wondered what the celebration was all about.

Pagosa had plenty of horses in the parade and I could find no mention of them in Iraq.

Overall, the 4th of July was celebrated with emphasis - and without injury - in both lands.




90 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era files of July 10, 1914

With a roar of cannon at daybreak, Pagosa's big 3-day celebration was ushered in on the 2nd day of July and from that time on until the close of the festivities on the night of the 4th, there was "something to do every minute." The streets were thronged from early morning until late at night during the whole time with a happy, good-natured crowd of pleasure seekers.

W.H. Snow, the Devil Creek ranchman, brought in a load of fine strawberries and vegetables Wednesday. The strawberries were enormous, there being only 16 to the full box, and were of a fine flavor. The box he left at the Sun office was one of the finest we ever saw and Mr. Snow says he has an abundance of them.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of July 12, 1929

The City Garage is making extensive improvements in the way of new paint, signs and gasoline tanks.

An order, prohibiting the building of fires or setting off of fireworks in the national forest, except as stipulated, was received by Forest Supervisor Andrew Hutton of the San Juan National Forest Reserve. This year there have been eleven fires in the San Juan National Forest Reserve, and at the present time the fire hazard is greater than it has been at any time for a number of years.

The Pagosa Junction post office closed Tuesday. Earl Parmenter and his wife and four children have been found to be afflicted with smallpox. Mrs. Parmenter is postmaster and the office is maintained in their home.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of July 9, 1954

The Sixth Annual Red Ryder Round-Up is now history and resulted in one of the largest crowds ever to attend a celebration here. The two day rodeo drew large crowds, although not quite as many as last year.

An aerial battle against the large numbers of grasshoppers in this area is being conducted in the O'Neal Park and Upper Piedra areas where 16,541 acres are being sprayed by plane. There will also be several hundred acres of government land sprayed in that area. The land owners in that area formed a large enough block of land to become eligible for participation in the state-federal government program in which the land owner pays only one third of the cost of spraying. The rest is borne by the two government agencies.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of July 12, 1979

Ground was broken this week for the new 50x100 foot fair building. It will adjoin the old building on the north. It is of steel construction and bids are now being called for to do the erecting of the building. The building will have a concrete floor and will eventually be connected to the Archuleta Water Company's mains.

An estimated $2 million in logging equipment and rolling stock is being auctioned off today at San Juan Lumber Co. There are buyers from a large area in attendance. The equipment was described by John Hudspeth as surplus from the local mill, the Durango mill, and other mills operated by San Juan Lumber Company in the Four-Corners area.




Rocky Mountain Riders: 4-H horse project teaches riding basics

By By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

"I love everything about them. I love just their personalities and beauty and what you can do with them."

That's how 16-year-old Kelsey King describes her interest in horses, a passion that drove her to join the Rocky Mountain Riders and the 4-H Club Horse Project in Pagosa Springs three years ago.

"I joined 4-H to make friends that like similar things," she said. "I got involved with something that is about all I do with my time anymore."

She and about 10 others gather for weekly riding lessons and monthly meetings to learn more about the animals they ride.

The monthly Rocky Mountain Riders meetings are led by Lynn Johnson. Everything horse is discussed. Health. Nutrition. Training. Anatomy. Tack care and cleaning. They also participate in public speaking, plan at least one community service project annually and organize a saddle wash fund-raiser.

From May 1 to about Aug. 15, their education is augmented by two-hour weekly riding lessons taught by Mary Ann Page, a Certified Horsemanship Association accredited riding instructor in both Western and English disciplines who actively shows Appaloosa horses at national and world levels. She has led the local 4-H horse project for 11 years.

"We work first of all on safety," she said. "We really work the basics of good riding skills." Students learn about tack, saddling, bridling and grooming. They focus on their seats, hands, legs and voices. Meanwhile, various riding disciplines are introduced - trail riding, horse show events, rodeo events and so on - to give the students a glimpse of what they might want to pursue as their riding matures.

"I grew up in 4-H in Phoenix," Page said. "They had to literally kick me out of 4-H. I flourished there. I learned so much and that's why I'm doing this."

And the 4-H Horse Project doesn't stop there.

Special events are included. These are determined annually depending on the interests of the group. In the past, there has been an overnight trail ride, participation in Durango horse camps, trips to horse shows and an entry in the Pagosa Springs Fourth of July Parade.

Participants in the horse club are required to have their own horses. That, in turn, requires a commitment from the parents or guardians who must transport both the youths and the horses to practice sessions and events, provide care for the horses and, initially, select a horse to purchase.

"My favorite saying is it costs just as much to feed a good horse as a bad horse," Page said.

For a beginning rider, she suggests a horse at least 12 years old and no stallions.

"If the kid is afraid of it, or it's out of control, it's not going to be a good experience," she said.

Johnson added that parents must be careful about being swayed by looks alone.

"You always want to buy a pretty horse," she said, "but unfortunately the ugly horse is usually better."

Once the student learns confidence on the animal and decides the direction he or she wants to take their riding, it's time for an upgrade. That's the second time Mary Ann usually talks with the parents - this time about buying a horse that will allow the youngster to be competitive and continue to grow in whatever direction they choose to take their riding.

Some alumni, both Johnson and Mary Ann said, have gone on to take top spots in horse shows and other events. Johnson's son, Jeff, was the 2000 Appaloosa National Year End High Point Western Pleasure rider, 13- to 15- year-olds, won high individual in Senior Collegiate Horse Judging for the Quarter Horse Congress in 2003 and achieved numerous high points at regional shows.

Jacqueline Espoy was a Miss Colorado Rodeo Queen Finalist in 2003 and 2004. Lauren Arnold earned top barrel racer honors in the Four Corners area, and her brother, Jimmy, was a successful bull rider in the high school rodeo circuit. Alexis Loewen showed in both English and Western events, earning top-ten placings at the Appaloosa Youth World Show. And the list goes on.

Others have simply enjoyed becoming better riders, making friends and learning more about themselves and their animals.

"Riding instruction is the biggest thing," Page said. "But there is so much more. You've got kids out there of all ages. It's the camaraderie of older experienced kids helping the younger ones. Learning responsibility. That's a huge part of owning a horse. Respect for adults."

Loewen, who spent eight years in 4-H and trained her own champion show horse, is too old now to join the students in the ring but returned this summer to help out on the sidelines.

As a youngster, she said, she would spend hours in barns owned by her 4-H horse club leader, just being around horses, riding, mucking the stables "running around in the fields like wild children. It was great." She also credits her years in 4-H with building her confidence and her communication skills.

"Growing up with the people at the stables, you learn to talk to anybody. It got so I could go to a horse show and talk to anybody about anything," she said.

First-year Rocky Mountain Rider, Sierra Riggs, 11, said she likes just about everything about the club.

"I've learned to control my horse better and different ways to make him stop and go," she said.

Her father, Herman, praised the instructors.

"I am so impressed with all the volunteers who give of their time without compensation and the excellent instruction available," he said.

Stephanie Zenz, who will turn 14 in just a few days, said 4-H allows her to spend time with other people her own age and learn something in the process.

"I enjoy spending time with my horse and riding," she said. "I've learned so much about her body and reining and training a horse, about the different parts of saddling and reining and the basics of grooming."

Both Johnson and Page said the group of 4-H horse club members is a little smaller than it has been in past years. About 10 are participating; numbers have been as high as 20 or 30. Both leaders encourage any youths ages 9 to 18 with an interest in horses to come check out the program.

For more information on the Rocky Mountain Rider and 4-H Horse Project, call Johnson at 731-5386. To join a 4-H project, call the Archuleta County Extension office at 264-5931. The Rocky Mountain Riders are sponsored by the county extension office and Colorado State University.


Pagosa's Past

Cowboy and wild horse stories abounded in early settlement

John M. Motter

Staff Writer

We've been writing about San Juan pioneers who settled south of Durango in the Farmington area. That area is germane to Pagosa Country history because it was settled about the same time and problems faced by those first settlers were pretty much alike.

One old-timer in the Bondad area told this story about himself.

He chanced across a cow beneath a pinon tree, a cow so weak she could not get up. Out of pity, he got off of his horse and gave her an assist by the most convenient handle - her tail. She gave a snort and a loud bellow and was up and put him up the tree. Never was either his heart or his feet so tender again.

After many years in the rough, new country he explained that after all he had a good conscience, it had never been damaged. "No sir! It's as good as new. It has never been used!"

In those days, whether Bondad or Pagosa Springs, a goodly number of the young men grew up to be cowboys.

A cowboy of special interest in Bondad was Charlie Carter, known for his special ability with a rope. The thing about Charlie was, despite a wooden peg leg, he could ride and rope better than most. At county fairs he roped goats in front of the grandstand. He also brought up race horses from New Mexico.

Wild horses figured in a number of the stories. One such was a long, rough, brown horse named Largo. In those days there were lots of horses in the Mesa Mountains, and atop the various mesas on the Colorado/New Mexico border. The stories told about those wild horses were equally wild, but some were caught and tamed.

Ed McDaniel of Durango both chased and rode some bad ones. He was one of those gun-packing cowboys in the good old days and it was said he used to keep the tops of all the fence posts shot off between his home at Riverside and the Mason Ranch at Sunnyside where his best girl lived.

McDaniel's proclivity with a six-shooter is paralleled by the antics of Henry Gordon.

A lady who spent her little girl years in Pagosa Springs starting in 1879 recalled Gordon riding into town on the Fourth of July and breaking up a croquet game by trying to put the balls through the wickets with lead from his six-shooter. Gordon died in 1934 at the age of 101. I have talked to people who talked to him.

Once upon a time, there were several stage companies vying to carry the traffic between Durango and Farmington. Along the road, stations sprang up to serve drivers, passengers and, of course, the horses pulling the coaches. The stages carried mail, freight, passengers and their luggage, rain or shine.

When the Animas River was too high to ford at the Twin Crossings south of present Bondad, the stage went up and over and around the hill and back to the road below the fords. This is told by early settlers, though it must have been plenty rough.

One stage station was kept by Dick Ridenour down in New Mexico a few miles, at the foot of Bushenbarger Mesa near Rio Rancho. We're talking about the road between Durango and Farmington. His main house was on one side of the road. On the other side by some big rocks was a small two-room cabin where travelers could stay for a fee. There were corrals for the horses and storage for feed.

Another such station was kept by Mr. and Mrs. August West during the time when Nichollson and Sease owned the line. One of the drivers, Mr. Jensen, was noted for his bad temper, and attitude no doubt aided and abetted by the roads of those days. On one trip he found a pig in a sack lying in a mud hole just beyond Race Track Hill. He hated to pick the muddy thing up, but it seemed heartless to leave it there, so he put it on the back of the stage and as he came on down through the present Bondad it muddied everything on the stage and squealed lustily as the stage jolted along.

A.D. McIntosh kept a stage station in a small, square building just east of the old Riverside school house.

These stories of old Bondad are taken from "Pioneers of the San Juan County," Volume IV. More next week.




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Forecast suggests possibility of weekend showers

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Pagosa Country residents who have been waiting for the onset of monsoon season this summer will apparently have to wait a little longer.

According to David Nadler, a forecaster with the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction, the recent pattern of afternoon clouds cannot be attributed to a shift toward monsoon conditions.

"It's been too inconsistent to be monsoon," says Nadler. "Most of the afternoon thunderstorms have been mainly convectional, the results of an unsettled weather pattern."

Though the monsoon should not be expected for at least another two weeks, said Nadler, there is the possibility for widespread rainfall this weekend.

"We're seeing a continuing series of embedded disturbances that could bring heavier rain to the Four Corners area Friday and Saturday, depending on wind direction," said Nadler.

"If current models hold, it could mean areas other than just the mountains could see some rain," concluded Nadler.

According to Nadler, highs in the upper 70s to low 80s and southwest winds in the 10-15 miles per hour range can be expected today. Evening lows should fall into the 40s.

A 30-percent chance for afternoon showers is in the forecast for Friday, as are highs around 80 and lows in the mid-40s.

The chance for rain falls to 20 percent for Saturday, with highs expected to reach into the 80s and lows predicted to settle into the 40s.

Sunday through Tuesday call for partly-cloudy skies, a slight chance for isolated, afternoon thunderstorms, highs in the 80s and lows in the 40s.

Wednesday's forecast indicates mainly sunny conditions, a negligible chance for rain, highs in the mid-80s and lows in the upper 40s.

The average high temperature recorded last week in Pagosa Springs was 77 degrees. The average low was 40. Moisture totals for the week, in town, amounted to zero.

The Pagosa Ranger District rates the area fire danger as "high."

Fire restrictions went into effect June 21 in Zone 1, the lower-elevation zone, of the San Juan Public Lands.

The restrictions are Stage 1 restrictions which mean:

- campfires are limited to permanent fire rings or grates within developed campgrounds;

- smoking is limited to vehicles, buildings, or 3-ft wide areas cleared of vegetation;

- chain saws and other internal-combustion engines must have approved, working spark arresters;

- acetylene and other torches with an open flame may not be used; and,

- the use of explosives is prohibited.

For updates on federal fire restrictions, call the Pagosa Ranger District office at 264-2268.

San Juan River flow through town ranged from approximately 400 cubic feet per second to 180 cubic feet per second last week. The river's historic median flow for the week of July 8 equals roughly 300 cubic feet per second.