June 3, 2004 
Front Page

Veteran salute:'All gave some;some gave all'

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

"All gave some; some gave all."

That was the theme for Saturday's dedication of a new monument to all veterans of all wars from Archuleta County.

Noting 308 military graves lie in Pagosa's Hilltop Cemetery, Robert Dobbins, Mullins-Nickerson American Legion Post 108 commander, said "all were heroes in their own way but heroism and valor come in different measures."

To illustrate his point, he told the story of a young Navy pilot assigned to a squadron aboard the aircraft carrier USS Lexington in World War II.

The squadron was launched to make a strike on Japanese shipping in the harbor at Rabaul. As they neared the target, the young pilot discovered his aircraft apparently had not been properly refueled.

The squadron leader ordered him back to the carrier and he turned reluctantly away from the attack.

But, as he neared the carrier, fuel all but gone, he encountered a flight of Japanese bombers heading for his own fleet. He notified ship command and then took action on his own.

Five enemy bombers went down under his fire. His own plane was torn apart by enemy fire and he was wounded.

This Wildcat Fighter pilot had demonstrated courage beyond the call. He put himself in danger to protect his fleet

For that action, he later received the Congressional Medal of Honor, his country's highest decoration.

But that was not the end of this story. The pilot's father had been a successful businessman and attorney. Many of his clients were members of the mob.

When he gave federal prosecutors information to use in the prosecution of Al Capone, he served the people but signed his own death warrant. Less that two years after he presented his story, he was gunned down by the mob.

These two, father and son, served up valor in different ways Their names have long been part of the history of the city of Chicago.

The international airport there is named for the pilot, Edward H. "Butch" O'Hare, who went from the funeral of his father, E.J. O'Hare, to build his own story of heroism.

With a scant 45 persons in attendance, including the participants, some wondered aloud where the other 11,000 county residents might be.

Or, whether the 800 veterans living in the county now are somehow not impressed by the handmade monument constructed by members of the Legion.


The Pagosa monument, dedicated to the memory of all veterans, features flanking flag poles with a hand-formed eagle atop a stone pedestal. Brackets will hold a flag for each branch of the military service but, at the last minute, Legion members discovered the ones on hand were too large and dwarfed the face of the monument. Smaller flags will be secured to complete the display.

The actual formal dedication of the monument was made by retired Army Col. George Hawthorn, a regular participant in Pagosa Springs veterans' affairs and a 54-year member of the Los Alamos (N.M.) Legion Post 90. He also is a life member of VFW.

He jokingly said the Pagosa Legion invited him for four reasons:

1. They needed a World War II veteran.

2. They needed one with a uniform.

3. They needed one able to get into the uniform; and

4. They needed one able to walk.

In addition to performing the dedication, he presented the Legion a new flag which had flown over the nation's capital, one presented him by his New Mexico senator.

The ceremony had been preceded by a breakfast in the Legion hall produced and served by post members.

Graves marked

Sunday's portion of the long Memorial Day weekend was traditional, as well.

Boy Scouts and their families joined to help Legion members place flags on each of the 308 graves of American veterans in Hilltop Cemetery.

With section plat maps in hand, they scoured the area for previously installed flag holders and found some had already been utilized by family plot cleanups; still others were missing and had to be replaced. (Twenty-four other veteran's graves are known to be in 15 private cemeteries across the county).

The tradition has all graves marked for 24 hours starting at 4 p.m. the day prior to Memorial Day. They are stark reminders of the sacrifices that have been made by those who left Pagosa to serve their nation.

Formal ceremonies

Memorial Day featured two separate ceremonies and laying of two memorial wreaths - one each at the Legion Hall and Hilltop Cemetery.

The Legion Hall service drew nearly 100, including retired Marine Col. Sepp Ramsperger, who placed the first wreath.

He was assisted by Joyce Hines, a member of the United Daughters of the Confederacy Chapter in Fort Worth, and also a member of Daughters of the American Revolution.

Dressed in the traditional Civil War black "Widow's Weeds," she was to have read a special poem but somehow, at both ceremonies the reading was omitted. (See it and other details in Pacing Pagosa, Page A2).

A primary focal point of both Monday services, again a tradition locally, is the reading of the names of all veterans who have passed away in the previous 12 months; and the recitation by members of the audience of the names of all known Archuleta County residents who have died in action for their country.

As the names were read, members of the Legion Auxiliary placed a flag for each on a special display below the flag pole where the flag flew at half staff and then Taps was resounding across the area.

Ramsperger, as keynoter at Hilltop, noted "our servicemen who paid the ultimate price were not in the ranks for reward, but simply answering a call to duty.

"They put their lives on the line for this nation and we owe them a debt of remembrance," he said.

Across the nation, he observed, hundreds of thousands gathered in Washington, D.C. for dedication of the new World War II memorial; thousands gathered in big cities for traditional programs; and hundreds of thousands more were gathered "as are we, in small cemeteries in small communities across a land made free by their actions.

"As a nation we grieve," he said. "But the greatness of their contribution should have our attention. They knew our fears, and their own. But they put our lives above their own for our security."

As a result of the efforts of all who served, he said, "we are free to live in peace and worship as we choose."

The Rev. Father John Bowe, pastor of Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church, led the nearly 400 at the cemetery in a prayer of "resolution of purpose and thanks for guidance from above."

Himself a World War II veteran, Father John called on all Americans to strive for "peace and understanding as we gather here to salute those who have served and who have given their all."

And then the rifle salute was fired. Legion members answering the command, and again Pagosa's tribute to its military had ended.

Crowds broke into smaller groups, including many members who had not seen each other since ceremonies last year, talking quietly. Still others wandered off to pay final respects to those whose graves were marked.

And suddenly, as if on command from above, the silence of the ending was dwarfed by flocks of birds singing and a sudden end to the wind which had swept the ceremony.

Pagosans were at peace - for now.


$2.5 million airport loan approved by state

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Archuleta County's $2.5 million loan application to the State Infrastructure Bank for improvements to Stevens Field has been approved.

Ken Fox, interim county airport manager, notified the county commissioners of the approval near the end of an airport-projects update given during Tuesday's board meeting.

The loan is expected to be paid back over a 10-year span at roughly 4-percent interest and will provide the main source of funding for construction of a new, fixed-base operations facility (replacement of Nick's Hangar) and relocation/replacement of eight box hangars and several fuel-related structures.

The schedule of tasks is necessary according to contract agreements struck between the county and Federal Aviation Administration - contracts that have provided over $9 million in federal grant funding for a series of upgrades to Stevens Field that were initiated in the '90s.

The county must comply with the provisions and general timelines in the agreements or risk forfeiting eligibility for future funding, and, perhaps, the payback of millions in resulting funds and revenues.

Meanwhile, said Fox, work related to surveying, grading, drainage and runway lighting at Stevens Field is proceeding.

In addition, Fox indicated construction on Phantom Ranch Place in the Knolls Subdivision will be initiated in the near future.

Finally, negotiations regarding relocation with eight hangar owners are ongoing, said Fox, who was hired to oversee operations at Stevens Field on a temporary basis after former airport manager Tim Smith departed in late February to accept a similar position in Fort Collins.

Development of the midfield terminal area, the next step in the improvement process, is scheduled for completion by late fall.


County enacts limited fire ban

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Ripening area wildfire conditions prompted local officials to successfully request countywide fire restrictions at this week's Archuleta County commissioners' meeting.

Dry winds, plunging humidity levels and the absence of significant rainfall during the month of May were a few of the catalysts cited by Sheriff Tom Richards shortly before he asked the board to consider a slate of bans aimed at limiting the fire threat.

Shortly after Richards' request, which was echoed by Chief Warren Grams of the Pagosa Fire Protection District, the board swiftly carried Commissioner Bill Downey's motion to enact fire restrictions effective 5 p.m., June 1.

According to the resolution read into the public record by Jeff Robbins, county attorney, the resulting bans include the prohibition of open fires, agricultural burning and the private use of fireworks within county boundaries.

Also prohibited is the disposal of any burning material "hot enough to cause the ignition of weeds or grasses, such as cigarette or cigar butts, except in a fireproof receptacle designed for such disposal."

The bans do not currently prohibit the use of charcoal grills or "the use of camp stoves or grills fueled by bottled gas or pressurized liquid fuel and specifically designed for cooking or heating purposes."

However, language added to this year's fire ban resolution allows the sheriff's office to implement an immediate ban on charcoal fires should conditions worsen, provided such actions are later ratified by the commissioners.

Furthermore, the bans do not include public fireworks displays, provided they have been authorized by the sheriff's office and the appropriate fire official in advance.

In a related discussion, Richards indicated permission to include fire/pyrotechnics in special-event proceedings will be evaluated by the sheriff's office on a case-by-case basis.

Finally, the bans do not apply to welding equipment or fires that are located within a commercially operated campground or campgrounds owned and operated by public entities.

In other business this week, the board:

- approved two minor amendments to the animal-control contract with Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association regarding reimbursement for officer training and vehicle repair expenses

- approved disbursement of $25,000 from the Tourism Fund

- awarded a bid for preliminary engineering of County Road 335 to Davis Engineering Service in an amount not to exceed $56,000

- accepted a quitclaim deed from Joe and Ethyl Cordova resulting in the dedication of a 60-foot wide strip of right of way along Trujillo Road to the county

- at the request of the public works department, approved Cascade Avenue as a temporary haul road for asphalt/gravel hauling related specifically to the paving of portions of Meadows Drive

- tabled action on a request from the planning department to relinquish a conditional use permit and release of sidewalk escrow funds and financial security for improvements associated with the now-defunct operations of Pagosa Family Entertainment Center, LLC


Mary Fisher hours slashed to 40 per week

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Regular business hours at the Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center will be cut back from 60 to 40 per week starting June 7.

That was the unanimous decision by the Upper San Juan Health Service District Board after a look at the numbers Tuesday.

"You have a very well-staffed clinic, but not enough patients to support it," Dick Babillis, temporary interim district business manager, said.

Since Feb. 2, he said, the clinic has been open 8 a.m.-8 p.m. five days a week. The two physicians and one physician's assistant employed by the district have seen an average of 327 patients a month - an amount capable of supporting only one part-time physician. In the evening hours from 5-8 p.m., the clinic was averaging 10 patients a week at a cost of an additional 15 hours pay for a full staff including the health care provider, nurse, X-ray technician and office staff. Attrition following the election reduced the office staff, Babillis said, cutting costs, but leaving some administrative tasks hanging.

"We're about a $2.5 million business," he said. "We're not a mom and pop store, but we're not corporate America either." In the past year, he added, the district had become top-heavy with specialized personnel, something it simply couldn't afford. "We need well-selected people capable of multitasking," he said. At current staffing levels, cost of one patient visit in salary alone is $114. Add in benefits and expenses and that jumps to $224.

Pam Hopkins, board chairman, said the change would not affect on-call services. Doctors and the Emergency Medical Services staff would continue to cover after-hours calls.

"We're hemorrhaging so badly," Hopkins said, "if we don't do something we aren't going to be offering any services."

Babillis pointed out more than once that only so much can be done to slow that bleeding before a complete reevaluation of the community's needs and the district's goals will have to be completed, along with a close look at funding.

"We're afloat, OK, but not by much," he said. That's a big shift from about year ago, when, according to meeting minutes, staff reported $483,000 in "total cash in the district as of Aug. 31."

A combination of restructuring the clinic, a drop in patient revenues, expensive locum doctor contracts and a top-heavy administration ate away at that number Babillis said.

According to his figures, on May 18 the district had $108,000 in the bank. The next day, Babillis said, he learned of $21,100 in overdue pension payments and $23,300 in overdue taxes. Payroll totaling over $33,000 was paid May 28 and accounts payables over 60 days old in the amount of $39,000 were paid leaving the district afloat but working hard to stay that way.

On top of that, he said, the accountant is leaving June 11. As an interim solution, the board approved Babillis' suggestion to out-source the accounting to Peggy Cotton Accounting Services with the understanding that the bills for the service be held under $2,500 a month. Cotton's firm will work on a month-to-month contract until a permanent decision on accounting can be made.

In other business, the board gave interim EMS operations manager Kathy Conway authority to hire additional part-time staff.

Conway said the pool of part-time staff is at about 12, whereas it used to be as high as 65. EMS currently operates with a full-time staff of three to a shift. Each shift also allows for two part-time staff to serve in quarters. These part-time people are used when multiple calls come in and are paid a flat rate of $25 per 12-hour shift plus an hourly rate ranging from $6.50 to $9 when they are out on a call.

The system would not change, Conway said. It would simply be a matter of adding people to the pool of part-timers, not adding positions.

"Having more employees available to handle calls eases the workload of the current staff, assures that our patient care providers don't make mistakes due to exhaustion and retains good employees due to good working conditions," she said. Costs of continuing education might go up slightly, she added, but the district should experience a reduction in overtime.

In the initial discussion, board member Neal Townsend asked to see hard numbers on the costs, or savings to the district.

Board member Bob Scott suggested waiting until the interim manager is hired - something set to occur soon.

"You have to do this now," several people in the audience said.

"The worst thing that can happen in this district is a call goes unanswered," Conway said, "and let me tell you, it's possible."

Bob Goodman made a motion giving Conway approval to hire about 12 more part-time staff members. Approval was followed by loud applause from the audience.

The board's next regular meeting is 7 p.m. June 15 in the Pagosa Springs Community Center gymnasium. It has also scheduled a special meeting June 9 for discussions with the district attorney. Hopkins said the plan for that meeting is to go directly into executive session upon a vote by the board.

 Inside The Sun

308 stops, two arrests locally in 'Heat Is On'

Law enforcement agencies participating in The Heat is On! campaign's Memorial Day weekend DUI enforcement made 455 DUI arrests across Colorado according to preliminary reports from the Colorado Department of Transportation.

Two of those arrests occurred in Pagosa Springs, Police Chief Don Volger said. Police officers, Archuleta County Deputies and state patrol troopers combined to conduct a five-hour sobriety checkpoint and saturation patrols over the holiday weekend. The officers were paid through state grants.

Volger said 308 vehicles were stopped at the checkpoint set up May 28 from 9 p.m.-2 a.m. All eastbound vehicles traveling in the 800 block of San Juan Street between the library and the elementary school were stopped. Six roadside sobriety tests were conducted and two arrests were made.

Across the state, 28 other police and sheriff's departments participated in the DUI enforcement period starting at 6 p.m. May 28 and ending at 3 a.m. June 1. The Colorado State Patrol made 40 percent, or 182 DUI arrests, statewide. According to preliminary CSP reports, 10 fatal traffic crashes occurred over the holiday weekend, resulting in 11 fatalities.

The next Heat Is On! enforcement period is set for the July 4 weekend.


Orthopaedic surgeons urge bicyclists to follow some common rules

As the weather gets warmer, more cyclists will hit the road for recreation, transportation and exercise.

In 2002, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, more than 635,000 bicycle injuries in children from 5 to 14 years old were treated in hospitals, doctor's offices, clinics, ambulatory surgery centers and emergency rooms.

"Most bicycling accidents occur close to home, and are the result of falls," explained Stuart L. Weinstein, M.D., pediatric orthopaedic surgeon and first vice president of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

In order to promote a safer season, orthopaedic surgeons urge cyclists to take extra caution to prevent injury. While wearing helmets remains the most proven method of reducing brain injuries in bicycle accidents, these accidents can also result in serious musculoskeletal injuries, broken bones, sprains and strains to the rider.

There are a number of factors that contribute to bicycle accidents, which include inattention to obstacles in the bicycle path, excessive speed, maneuvering to avoid vehicles or pedestrians and not wearing the proper safety equipment.

"It is important to always wear a helmet to help prevent head injuries and to make sure every other possible precaution is taken to prevent a fall that may cause bodily injury," Dr. Weinstein added.

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons offers these bicycle safety tips:

- always wear a helmet. Make sure it fits snugly and does not obstruct your vision

- make certain the bicycle is the proper size for the rider

- make sure your bicycle is properly adjusted and well maintained. Replace broken or missing parts

- wear bright fluorescent colors and avoid biking at night. If you have to ride your bike at night, make sure you have a working headlight visible for 500 feet and rear reflectors

- stay alert and watch for obstacles in your pathway

- ride with traffic and be aware of traffic around you. Obey traffic laws

- don't ride double or attempt stunts

- avoid loose clothing and wear appropriate footwear

- dress for the weather.

Internet users can find additional safety tips and injury prevention information on cycling and more, in the Prevent Injuries America! section of the Academy's Web site, www.aaos.org or www.orthoinfo.org, or call the Academy's public service line at (800)824-BONES.

An orthopaedic surgeon is a physician with extensive training in the diagnosis and nonsurgical as well as surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system including bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.

With more than 27,000 members, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is a not-for-profit organization that provides education programs for orthopaedic surgeons, allied health professionals and the public.


101st Army Band sets concert in Durango

The First National Bank of Durango and the Community Concert Hall at Fort Lewis College have teamed up once again to bring the 101st Army Band of the Colorado National Guard to Durango as part of their annual summer tour.

The band will perform a free concert at 7 p.m. Monday, June 21, at the Community Concert Hall.

This performance will feature a variety of music for the entire family including Sousa marches, patriotic tunes, Dixieland and big band jazz. The band will conclude its performance with a musical tribute to all veterans in the audience.

The 101st Army Band consists of 41 citizen-soldiers. Now in its 64th year, the band is the musical ambassador for the United States Army and the Colorado National Guard.

Whether performing at home in Colorado, across the United States or representing our country overseas, the 101st Army Band entertains audiences of all ages and backgrounds with exciting and diverse musical presentations.

Tickets for this free concert are available at all of the First National Bank of Durango branches - 259 W. 9th Street, Wal-Mart and Albertsons - and the concert hall box office, while they last.

In addition to the concert at Fort Lewis College, the 101st Army Band's popular Dixieland group, the Rough Riders, and their 17-piece jazz band will perform at 7 p.m. Tuesday, June 22, at the Rotary Park Gazebo, located next to the Animas River at 15th Street and East 2nd Avenue.

No ticket is necessary for this free concert.


Colorado Farm Fresh Directory available

Summer is almost here and many families are deciding where to go on vacation.

Colorado offers a variety of agritourism activities such as farmers' markets, agricultural festivals, farm tours and ranch vacations.

To help consumers find farmers' markets and agricultural activities, the Colorado Department of Agriculture annually publishes the Colorado Farm Fresh Directory. This year's edition marks the 20th anniversary for the publication.

"The directory lists 78 farmers' markets across the state where consumers can find fresh, locally grown produce and agricultural products," said Wendy White, marketing specialist for the Colorado Department of Agriculture.

"This year's directory also includes farms that offer tours, a corn maze list and locations of farm and ranch vacations."

Other information featured in the directory includes county fairs, food and agricultural festivals, and Colorado State University Cooperative Extension offices.

The directory also offers educational information such as safe food facts and a Colorado crop calendar showing when specific fruits and vegetables are in season.

Individuals can find the 2004 Colorado Farm Fresh Directory at participating libraries, chambers of commerce, welcome centers, CSU Cooperative Extension offices, Tattered Cover bookstores and the Denver Botanic Gardens. The directory is also available at www.coloradoagriculture.com.

The directory was sponsored by the Colorado Apple Administrative Committee, Colorado Farmers' Market, Colorado Milk Marketing Board, Colorado Wine Industry Development Board, Longmont Dairy, Metro Denver Farmers' Market, Miller Farms, Pappardelle's Pasta, Royal Crest Dairy and Vail Farmers" Market.

For more information, contact the Colorado Department of Agriculture Markets Division at (303) 239-4119 or online at www. coloradoagriculture.com.


Pick the proper structure for your small business

Congratulations: You have decided to start your own business.

Apart from thinking of a name, location and size, you must consider the legal structure of your business. Determining the type of ownership is one of the key decisions you must make, and should be one of your first steps.

The structure of your business is a decision not to take lightly since it will have long-term implications. Therefore, you should consult with an attorney and accountant prior to making any firm decisions. When selecting the right ownership, consider these factors, according to the Online Women's Business Center (www.onlinewbc.gov):

- Your vision regarding the size and nature of your business

- The level of control you wish to have

- The level of a "structure" you are willing to deal with

- The business' vulnerability to lawsuits

- Tax implications of the different ownership structures

- Expected profit (or loss) of the business

- Whether or not you need to re-invest earnings into the business

- Your need for access to cash out of the business for yourself

There are four major forms of business ownership for small businesses: sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation and limited liability company. Here is a brief description of these types of business ownerships, followed by the pros and cons of each.

1. Sole Proprietorship - Usually small businesses start out as sole proprietorships. They are the easiest to organize because usually the business owner is the person responsible for the day-to-day operation of the business. Sole proprietors own all the assets of the business and its profits. They also assume complete responsibility for any of its liabilities or debts. In the eyes of the law and the public, you are one and the same with the business.

2. Partnership - Two or more people share ownership of a business. Like sole proprietorship, the law does not distinguish between the business and its owners, making all partners liable for the business. Partners should have a legal agreement that sets forth how decisions will be made, profits will be shared, disputes will be resolved, how future partners will be admitted to the partnership, how partners can be bought out, or what steps will be taken to dissolve the partnership when needed.

3. Corporation - A corporation is chartered by the state in which incorporation takes place. It separates all business owners from the company, making the business a separate entity. Therefore, the business itself can be taxed, sued, etc. The owners of the business are its shareholders. The shareholders elect a board of directors to oversee major company decisions. Corporations may be able to deduct the cost of benefits it offers its employees.

4. Limited Liability Company (LLC) - The LLC is a relatively new type of hybrid business structure. It is designed to provide the limited liability features of a corporation and the tax efficiencies and operational flexibility of a partnership. Formation is more complex and formal than a general partnership. The owners are members, and the duration of the LLC is usually determined when the organization papers are filed.


Hot Springs Boulevard work tabled pending master plan

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Town of Pagosa Springs staff members are perfecting their juggling skills - at least where it comes to capital improvement projects.

At this point, one project is done. Another was postponed Tuesday at the regular town council meeting. More are on the drawing board and others are suggested.

Repaving Talisman and Village drives and a portion of Pinon Causeway near Pagosa Country Center west of downtown is done, effectively pulling a thorn from the town's side. Traffic increased on the roads after improvements to U.S. 160 restricted Talisman to a right-turn-only in, and right-turn-only out configuration. Eastbound traffic was diverted to a temporary light on Pinon Causeway over a road in need of improvement.

Through an intergovernmental agreement, the town and county began work on repaving portions of the three roads last winter, but cold temperatures prevented paving before the snow flew. Several people complained and the town provided some maintenance on the gravel throughout the winter. Now, Town Manager Mark Garcia said, pavement is in place and the complaints should cease.

Work on curb, gutter and asphalt to complete Hot Springs Boulevard improvements will not get started - at least not this year. The council directed Garcia to postpone the project until a downtown master plan is completed.

Garcia said the idea for a downtown master plan to set development and planning guidelines in an area from the junction of U.S. 160 and U.S. 84 to 12th Street and from Lewis Street to the high school is being considered by the Mayor's Council for the Future of Pagosa Springs. Once the plan is complete, he said, plans for Hot Springs Boulevard might be changed.

"I'd like to see us delay this for a year," council member Jerry Jackson said. "I am all for a master plan. I think it's a great idea."

Stan Holt, another member of the council, said town staff should also work with developers considering projects within the proposed master plan area to encourage them to plan in a way that might be compatible with the ideas presented in the plan.

"We should convince them to voluntarily work with the town, staff and the mayor's council before they go out and defeat the purpose," he said.

Bids on the Hot Springs Boulevard project closed May 27 with the lone bidder coming in about $29,000 under the engineer's estimate, at $219,000.

Garcia suggested reapportioning that money to other projects, including, possibly: sidewalks on Apache Street, the purchase of rocks for the next San Juan River Restoration Project and start-up costs for a study of the feasibility of a Main Street program for downtown revitalization and improvement in Pagosa Springs.

Mayor Ross Aragon suggested taking a look at realigning the road at 7th and Apache streets, a spot that's caused complaints for some time.

The council directed Garcia to prepare a budget amendment reapportioning the capital improvement funds for discussion at the July meeting.

Garcia said the town is moving forward with paving work on Cemetery Road from 5th Street to Bienvenido Circle. The first phase of the project, from 5th Street to Hilltop Cemetery, has been bid and will be funded by the county. The second phase, funded by the town through air quality grants, requires more clearances before moving forward because of changes to the road bed, Garcia said. Plans are still to get it bid and completed this season.

Expansion of the Riverwalk is still in the works. The proposed project, which has been reduced from the original proposal more than once due to costs or development concerns, would create a trail starting at Town Hall and extending out into the wetlands.

"If we get approval from the state we hope to mobilize on that by the end of June," Garcia said.


Democrat Salazar to visit Pagosa Springs

Following his Democratic party nomination as candidate in the 3rd Congressional District race, John Salazar is embarking on a 29-county tour of Colorado.

Salazar will be in Pagosa Springs June 10. He will meet supporters and local residents at Montezuma's restaurant, 11:30 a.m.-1 p.m. The restaurant is located at 249 Navajo Trail Drive.


Great to be home, but no time for rest during the interim

Rep. Larson's Report

There's no place like home! There's no place like home! There's no place like home!

This Wizard of Oz refrain has been playing in my mind continuously since the session was over.

Driving around the incredible landscape that comprises the 59th District restores my soul and reinforces the love I have for southwestern Colorado. But while I am so very glad to be home and away from Denver and the constant sirens and noise that even I, in my hearing-challenged state, cannot escape, the challenges that face our communities continue to require discussion, consensus building and planning.

This process of attending forums, hosting town hall meetings and visiting with constituents and friends over the interim develops my insight and understanding of our issues and builds the very foundation that I draw from during the session.

Immediately after the session the speaking circuit begins. I am pleased that so many groups want to know what transpired during the session and how the work we did will impact their lives.

It is interesting to observe what issues are important to which groups.

Some groups are focused on one or two issues and seemingly silent or unconcerned about other issues and some groups are wanting to know as much as they can on every issue.

I try to meet each group's request and tailor my comments to their specific interests but I must warn those who extend an invitation for me to speak that I will touch on the state's impending fiscal train wreck wherever I go.

I offer an open invitation to anyone who would wish me to speak at a function or even one-on-one about any topic.

Talking to citizens about their state government and how important they are to the process is one of the more enjoyable aspects of my job.

I am particularly inspired at how many southwest Coloradans are informed or becoming informed about the Taxpayer Bill of Rights (TABOR), Amendment 23 and other constitutional amendments that dictate our state's fiscal policy by which the legislature is bound.

Since the voters of Colorado set fiscal policy under TABOR and not the Legislature, it is imperative that they understand how these constitutional provisions interact and what the impact is to the state and local government, both short and long term.

Advocacy groups that have formed to assist in this understanding such as the TABOR Education Group (TEG) in Durango and the newly-formed and yet unnamed group that resulted from last week's Dolores/Montezuma Community Summit were initiated recognizing that the citizens passed these amendments and, accordingly, the citizens must help reform them.

Unfortunately, efforts to date by the Legislature to reach consensus have all failed.

My primary mission during this interim is to work with these groups and help educate voters on how these amendments interact and what the implications are for Colorado's fiscal future.

Other interim duties include continuing to help constituents with issues within our state government. I am currently working on issues constituents have with various state agencies where they feel they have been slighted or cannot get a response. Most of the time our excellent state employees respond expeditiously and resolve these issues or at least let the person know what has to be done. Fortunately these problems only surface sporadically.

The rest of my time is consumed answering e-mail, responding to letters and reading an incredible backlog of reports, studies and information pieces.

I will also be attending the Transportation Legislative Review Committee in Denver and various conferences and seminars around the state.

The interim is when I get reconnected with communities and people ... and that's the best part of my job! Please do not hesitate to contact me to speak to your group, visit one-on-one or help in any way.

And thank you for allowing me to represent you in Denver.


Citizens Alliance plans HD Mountains campout

The HD Mountains Annual Campout is scheduled Saturday, June 12 and Sunday, June 13.

Explore the old-growth ponderosa forests of the HDs, the existence of which some believe is threatened by proposed oil and gas drilling.

Organizers say campout participants will learn how to help protect wildlife, archaeological sites and streams from the construction of roads, drill pads and compressor stations in the HD Mountains.

For directions to the base camp of more information, call Mark Pearson or Amber Clark at the San Juan Citizens Alliance, 259-3583.


Three Wolf Creek projects present new motorist delays

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Construction on three different Wolf Creek Pass road projects is up and running after the holiday weekend.

According to a news release from Kiewit Western, blasting for minor highway widening and construction of uphill and downhill retaining walls, from mile markers 179 to 182, near Fun Valley Campground continues. Motorists should expect delays to exceed 30 minutes from 7 a.m.-dusk while rock is blasted and construction equipment is used to haul material away.

Weekend traffic impacts and overnight pass closures are temporarily on hold. However, delays of at least 30 minutes at night may also be expected. For weekly schedule updates, call (719) 850-2553, or log in to the project's Web site at www.cdot.info/wolfcreekpass/.

Crews are working on tunnel project construction - also on the east side of the pass - from 7 a.m.-6 p.m. Mondays through Thursdays and Fridays until 3 p.m. During these hours, motorists may experience up to 30-minute delays. The Tunnel Project's hotline is (719) 873-2221 and the project Web site is www.cdot.info/US160SW/index.htm.

Near Treasure Falls, highway reconstruction and resurfacing over approximately five miles of U.S. 160 is planned. Here, motorists can expect up to 20-minute delays. For information on this project, call the tunnel project hotline.

All three of these projects are expected to be completed in late 2004.


Town and Seeds of Learning near agreement on plans

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Springs Town Council and Seeds of Learning Early Childhood Development Center are nearing an agreement.

The council is looking to protect its interests along Hot Springs Boulevard - including its ownership of the land on which the nonprofit childcare center now operates at the corner of San Juan Street and Hot Springs Boulevard.

The center board of directors is looking to expand to meet a growing demand for childcare, ADA requirements and expand its services to include parent programs and continuing education for early childhood providers.

Together, council and board poured over two site plans for a proposed new building for the center - this one to be located at 7th and Apache streets next to the BMX track. The town council suggested the Seeds board consider the site - also owned by the town - as an alternative to expansion at their current location.

According to plans available at the June 2 town council meeting, Seeds is planning a building with separate facilities for toddler and preschool classes, a conference room, storage and offices. Tuesday, they presented two options for traffic flow on the site. In one option, drop-off and pick-up would be done on site with vehicles forced to turn around in the parking lot. The second option provided for traffic to flow in and out of the drop-off zone, but required some encroachment into the 7th Street right-of-way.

Town Manager Mark Garcia said staff had no problem with the drop-off being within the right-of-way if it allowed for a better flow of vehicles.

Issues of snow removal and the possibility of a traffic study were addressed.

"It's something to keep in mind," Garcia said of the traffic study, "but I don't think it's going to be that big of a deal."

Richard Manley, head of the Seeds of Learning committee working on the project, said drop-offs and pick-ups occurred generally over 45 minutes to an hour, three times a day.

The Rev. Don Ford, president of the center's board of directors asked for a letter of support from the council outlining their offer for a long-term lease on the land to assist with fund-raising, the next major step. The council agreed, approving a motion to prepare the letter and allow the center to proceed with building plans.

The next step will be the long-term lease agreement, which Garcia suggested should include a revision clause or other language to protect use of the property should Seeds of Learning relinquish control or change its mission.

In other business, the council:

- approved the final plat plan with conditions for the first phase of the Villas at Pagosa Lodge, a development of 10 townhomes slated for construction behind the current lodge building. The conditions included: approval of an access permit from the Colorado Department of Transportation, completion of a development improvements agreement with the town for both public and private infrastructure, payment of engineering fees and making the corrections necessary after engineering review.

The town received several letters from representatives of the Pagosa Lodge Condominium Owners Association expressing concerns about the impacts of construction noise, traffic, parking and dust on their existing neighborhood and roads.

In an attempt to mitigate those concerns, the architectural engineering firm, Reynolds Knight Anderson, submitted a plan for controlling such nuisances. They also agreed on hours of operation from 7:30 a.m.-7 p.m. Monday through Saturday. No construction will occur Sundays.

At full build-out a total of 33 individual units are planned for the five-acre site

- approved a variance to allow Bauer Electric to move into a building in the 100 block of South 8th Street with conditions placed on the hours of operation and use of a 500-square foot office space to be sublet

- heard an update on a sketch plan for "The Pointe," a proposed development of eight townhomes on North Fifth Street - the Old School House Hill. The planning commission approved the sketch plan, asking the applicant to address several additional issues in the preliminary plan to come.


Wolf Creek lawsuit moves to federal court

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

A lawsuit filed last month in Mineral County by Wolf Creek Ski Corporation amidst the controversy surrounding the proposed Village at Wolf Creek has moved to U.S. District Court in Denver.

The lawsuit was filed shortly after The Village at Wolf Creek's funding entity, described as the Leavell-McCombs Joint Venture, sent Wolf Creek a letter in April alleging the ski area is in violation of a 1999 agreement regarding road access to the proposed site.

The lawsuit apparently asks the federal court to rule the ski area is not in violation of that agreement.

Davey Pitcher, president of Wolf Creek Ski Corporation, could not be reached for comment this week, but Pitcher's office released the following statement Tuesday: "Due to the nature of this lawsuit, the Pitcher family will be unable to make any public statements at this time."

If developed according to current plans, The Village at Wolf Creek would occupy roughly 290 acres of private land in the Alberta Park area, entirely within Mineral County and adjacent to Wolf Creek Ski Area.

The resulting community would include 1,200 hotel rooms, 222,000 square feet of commercial space, 129 lots for single-family usage and 1,643 multifamily units.

Leavell Properties Inc., a corporation headed by Texas billionaire Red McCombs and the late Charles Leavell, initiated plans to develop the village site after acquiring the parcel in a land swap with the U.S. Forest in 1986.

In exchange for roughly 1,600 acres in Saguache County owned by Leavell Properties Inc., the Forest Service agreed to trade the acreage in question to McCombs and Leavell "provided the development would complement the existing Wolf Creek Ski Area."

Plans for development of the site have been heavily criticized by environmental groups, most recently during public meetings conducted by the Forest Service in late March.

The meetings were aimed at gathering public comments regarding an application submitted to the Forest Service by the Leavell-McCombs Joint Venture requesting transportation and utility easements for the proposed development.

If approved, the application "would permit a perpetual easement through federal lands for year-round permanent road access, obtain or modify utility easements, and modify easement terms for Alberta Lake access" without restricting public access to Forest Service land.

Public comments concerning the application, to be included as data evaluated in a corresponding environmental impact statement, were accepted in writing by the Forest Service until April 15.

A decision on the application is pending.


Planning Commission

The Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission will hold its regular meeting at 7 p.m. Wednesday, June 9, in the county commissioners meeting room in the county courthouse. Public comment is welcome and encouraged.

The agenda includes:

- call to order/roll call at 7 p.m.

- request for an extension of time for the Final Plat for Colorado's Timber Ridge Phase 5.

This request is for consideration of a six-month extension of time for consideration of the final plat for Colorado's Timber Ridge Phase 5 (formally called Colorado's Timber Ridge Ranch Community - Phase I). This is a proposed 11-lot subdivision located on 34.57 acres.

The property is located at the end of Cool Pines Drive, east of Colorado's Timber Ridge Phase I and south of Alpha Subdivision

- request for an extension of time for the Re-plat of a portion of Tract H, Pagosa Vista Subdivision creating Tract H-1.

This request is for consideration of a six-month extension of time to allow the applicants to apply for a variance from the Land Use Regulations for improvements required for the Final Plat. Tract H-1 will have 2.18 acres located in Tract H of the Pagosa Vista Subdivision

The property is located at 116 Prospect Blvd. along the south side of Prospect Boulevard just east of the junction of Lake Street and Prospect Boulevard.

- review of the Final Plat for Cordova Minor Impact Subdivision.

This request is for the Final Plat Review for a one-lot subdivision of 10.02 acres with a designated use of a single-family residence.

The property is located at 2901 CR 500 (Trujillo Road). The property is more generally located about 2.9 miles south of the junction of U.S. 160 and 8th Street.

- review of the May 12 and May 26, 2004, planning commission minutes

- other business that may come before the commission

- adjournment.


Horse packing clinic June 12

The 4 Corners Back Country Horsemen and the San Juan Mountains Association will present a free horse packing clinic 8:30 a.m. June 12 at the U.S. Forest Service Work Station located at the north end of Vallecito Reservoir.

The focus will be backcountry horse packing, horse restraints, low impact stock use and hands-on packing techniques from experienced packers and outfitters. Space is limited and registration is required. Contact Kathe Hayes, 385-1310.


Latino health fair Saturday

Eight community organizations in southwest Colorado are jointly hosting the region's first Latino Health Fair Saturday in Durango.

It will be held noon-5 p.m. in the Planned Parenthood facilities at 46 Suttle Drive in Bodo Park.

A wide variety of screenings will be available for the Latino community as well as health education and fun activities for the whole family, including a Children's Talent Hour 2-3 p.m.

There will be an opportunity to have a comprehensive blood test that screens for many diseases. If you want this test, you must fast from food for 12 hours before testing. Black coffee, tea and water are allowed. Continue taking prescribed medicines. Diabetics should not fast.

For more information call 375-9558.


Blood drive Monday at Pine Ridge

United Blood Services, following its pre-holiday announcement of dangerously low blood levels, has scheduled a draw in Pagosa Springs Monday, June 7.

UBC teams will be at Pine Ridge Extended Care Center 10 a.m.-2 p.m. This is the only draw scheduled locally in the first three weeks of this month.

Prospective donors may sign up for drives on line at www.unitedbloodservices.org.

Identification is required for all donors to the Four Corners area's community blood center.


Elaine Nossaman named as Independence Day parade marshal

By Rod Preston

Special to The SUN

A longtime Archuleta County resident has been named the parade marshal for this year's Independence Day Parade.

Elaine (Johnson) Nossaman was born a bit too early for Dr. Mary Fisher to deliver her in 1926.

When the good doctor arrived, her mother, Elizabeth (King) Johnson, had already delivered Elaine into this world with the help of grandma Indiana Johnson on the homestead west of Pagosa Springs and south on County Road 139.

Her father, Charles B. Johnson, homesteaded the place in 1909. Elaine's mother first came to Pagosa Country in 1917 to teach at Bayles School. Elaine's father was on the school board and when a flu epidemic hit and classes were cancelled, he mailed Elizabeth King her check.

This started correspondence between the two that continued while Charles was in the service during World War I. They were married in 1920. Elaine's mother later served on the school board. The old Bayles School is presently located on this ranch on an old railroad right of way. Elaine had three sisters, Genevieve, Marilyn and Charlotte.

Elaine said one of her sisters told her mother that she very much wanted a baby brother but said "don't bother, it would probably be just another girl."

When Elaine was a little girl, she and one of her sisters were racing with their stick ponies and Elaine fell and severely cut her forehead.

She was taken to Dr. Miskoweic in Pagosa Springs who patched her up. She said Dr. Miskoweic was a great doctor. Her first automobile ride was in a Model-T now owned by Anthony Poma.

Elaine was teaching school at Arboles where she met and later married Royal Nossaman in 1945. Royal's great uncle, Welch Nossaman, was one of the first Anglos in the territory.

During his early childhood, Royal lived on the family ranch near Arboles that is now covered by the waters of Navajo Reservoir. Elaine and Royal had two girls, Susan (Felts) and Cindy (Spear), both of whom live in the Pagosa area. The family moved into an old log cabin on their 240-acre farm that Royal cleared of oak brush, located at U.S. 160 and County Road 139.

They milked five or six cows by hand and sold the cream. They drank unpasteurized milk until about 1961. Her husband had a favorite Jersey cow by the name of Goldie that was fond of him and wouldn't let her milk down when others tried to milk her. They also raised sheep, put up hay, and raised other field and garden crops. Royal also worked part-time as a logger and carpenter. He passed away in 1993.

Elaine also taught at the Bayles School, in Pagosa Springs and for 17 years in Dulce. When she taught in Dulce, she stayed there during the week and came home on weekends. Both of their daughters went to school in Dulce. She served as a 4-H Club leader in sewing and cooking. Cake decorating seems to be a family tradition with granddaughter Lara and grandson Eddie Burk who have had entries at the Colorado State Fair.

Elaine was seriously injured in a head-on auto accident on U.S. 160 in 1999. She was returning home with her granddaughter Lara and two boys that she was baby-sitting. An oncoming car turned left in front of her causing the accident. Elaine suffered a broken neck, which required surgery, and she spent the next eight months wearing a neck brace. They had their seat belts fastened and Elaine says this is the only reason she is here today.

Today, Elaine is a member of the Territorial Daughters Association. She still drives her own car and is a regular participant at the Senior Center, especially for lunch and a game of Scrabble. She was one of the belles at the recent Senior Prom. She reads historical fiction books and likes to sew occasionally.

This year's parade will take place at 10 a.m. Saturday, July 3, with Elaine in the lead position.


Humane Society readies its annual Auction for Animals

By Robbie Schwartz

Special to The SUN

Summer is almost here and while most people are already making plans for vacation and summer projects, the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs is hard at work on its biggest fund-raiser of the year, "Auction for the Animals."

Even though it is not until Aug. 27, they need help now.

What they are saying is, when you clean that dry winter mud out of your garage and move those almost new mountain bikes or that aluminum fishing boat, remember the homeless animals of Archuleta County. Although they have already received several unique and exciting items, they could really use those slightly used articles for the annual auction. Much, much more is still needed.

Many times people don't realize what kind of donations they might make, such as frequent flyer mileage, sides of beef, a timeshare week or a golf cart. As you can see, the society is open to suggestions. Perhaps your Uncle Harry owns a sporting goods store and you can ask him to donate a tent or fishing equipment. Or maybe the company from which you recently retired would donate with a little prodding from you.

Put on your thinking cap, be creative and call 264-5549.


Red Ryder Roundup royalty hopefuls sought

The Red Ryder Roundup committee is looking for royalty contestants.

Young women 16-21 who have never been married are eligible for queen.

Those 8-15 are eligible for princess.

Practices are 4 p.m. Monday and Friday at the arena. It is not necessary to attend the practices.

Sign-up will be June 15.

For more information, call Sandy at 264-5959 or Belinda at 731-5269.


Parelli Center sets open house for public

Ever wonder what's beyond that "Parelli International Savvy Center" sign off U.S. 160 three miles west of Pagosa Springs?

Local residents are invited to satisfy their curiosity by coming to the Parelli Natural Horsemanship Open House, Saturday, June 5, from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. The Parelli ranch, nestled against the tree-studded mountains, will be alive with demonstrations on horseback.

There will be classes in action, tournaments on horseback, tours of the ranch and wagon rides. If horses are your passion, you'll come away with more secrets to success with horses than you thought possible. If horses aren't your passion when you arrive, they're bound to be when you leave.

Pat and Linda Parelli will host this year's event. For over 20 years, Pat Parelli has created a system of developing a relationship with horses that is based on psychology, communication, love, language and leadership. Pat has learned how to create a partnership between human and horse by understanding the needs and responses of both prey animals (horses) and predators (humans). This system of training and relating to horses has gleaned remarkable accolades throughout the world, from beginners to Olympic medalists.

So if you love horses, have ridden all your life, or are simply thinking about getting a horse, the Parelli Open House will provide you with inspiration and information.

Eat, laugh, learn, play - a great way to spend a Saturday with your family. For more information about the open house visit www.parelli. com (map is on Web site) or call 731-9400.


Horse clinician plans session here June 18

Renowned horseman and training clinician Curt Pate will conduct a clinic in Pagosa Springs Friday, June 18.

Pate is a Montana horseman who will demonstrate how taking the right approach can make it easier to train and work with any horse in any setting.

The free clinic, sponsored by Ponderosa Do It Best, will be 6:30-8:30 p.m. at Red Ryder rodeo grounds.

A former rodeo competitor, Pate grew up with horses. He learned a great deal about them from his grandfathers and his ranching background. As his interest grew, he attended horsemanship clinics by well known clinicians.

In 1997, he had the opportunity to work with Buck Brannaman as a technical advisor for the Robert Redford movie "The Horse Whisperer."

A recognized horseman in his own right, Pate now travels internationally giving demonstrations and holding clinics on colt starting, horsemanship and ranch horse work.

He emphasizes he has learned over the years that you have to learn to work "with" your animals, not against them. He uses methods that are quiet and gentle, without the use of a lot of special equipment and gimmicks. He said the type of saddle you ride, the clothes you wear, and all the other stuff people think so important doesn't matter to the horse.


65 named for quarterly intermediate school honors

Pagosa Springs Intermediate School has named 65 students to the regular honor roll for the fourth and final quarter of the 2003-04 school year with no grade lower than 3.444.

Sixth-graders honored were:

Riley Aiello, Gary August, Jessie Bir, Seth Blackley, Jessica Blum, Mary Brinton, Megan Bryant, Jordan Caler, Casey Crow, Taylor Cunningham, Victoria Espinosa.

Also, Michael Flihan, Paul Hoffman, Jonathan Hudson, Kiaya Humphrey, Austin Jones, Casey Meekins, Amanda Oertel, Wesley Ricker, Rebekah Riedberger.

Also, Ryan Searle, Taylor Shaffer, Nicola Shaw, Josie Snow, Ryan Stahl, Wesley Vandercook and Amie Webb (Shearston).

Fifth-graders cited were:

Angela Brousseau, Briana Bryant, Daryn Butler, William Candy, Kyle Danielson, Gabrielle Dill, Cheyann Dixon, Michelle Garcia, Mariah Haynie.

Also, Chanlor Humphrey, Mitch Johnson, Shea Johnson, Tiana Johnson, Trent Johnson, Tyler Johnson, Mele LeLievre, Zachary Lucero, Clinton Manzanares.

Also, Viridiana Marinelarena, Kaitlin Mastin, Tayler McKee, Lukas Morelock, Nathanial Owens, Rocio Palma, Roxana Palma, Kelvin Parker, Erika Pitcher, Kimberly Rapp.

Also, Ernest Romero, Preston Sandoval, Brittnie Sharp, Katherine Smith, Kayleen Smith, Sienna Stretton, Sarah Stuckwish, Jefferson Walsh, Colton Ward and Karlie Willis/Rivas.


Twenty-nine perfect scores lead junior high honor roll

Twenty nine students - 17 seventh-graders and a dozen eighth-graders compiled perfect 4.0 averages in the fourth quarter to lead honor roll lists released by principal Chris Hinger.

Seventh-graders with perfect scores for the final quarter were:

Anna Ball, Jordan Boudreaux, Kyle Brookens, Dylan Burkesmith, Gracie Clark, Jacob Faber, Eric Freudenberger, Allison Hart, Rachel Jensen, Audrey Legg.

Also, Julia Nell, Sackett Ross, Bailee Ruthardt, Brittney Siler, Shelby Stretton, Thomas Watkins and Sarah York.

Eighth-graders with perfect marks were: Chance Adams, Caleb Burggraaf, Dan Cammack, Ryan Candy, Natalia Clark, Aliya Haykus, Mackenzie Kitson.

Also, Travis Moore, Keith Pitcher, Trey Quiller, Rebecca Stephens and Corey Windnagel.

Named to the regular honor roll were an additional 35 students from each class.

Seventh-graders cited were:

Alex Baum, Joseph DuCharme, Aniceta Gallegos, John Jewell, Stephanie Lowe, Alexa Midgley, Jennifer Mueller, Raesha Ray, Kade Skoglund, Jackson Walsh.

Also, Kyle Aragon, Jacob Haynes, Ryan Hujus, Samantha Hurlburt, Clark Riedberger, Cheyenne Spath, Kacey Tothe, Juniper Willett, Joshua DeVoti, Benjamin Gallegos.

Also, Zane Gholson, Ashley Iverson, Zel Johnston, Julie Maez (Holt), Shasta McMurry, David Schaefer, Leah Silver, Dylan Caves, Alicia Cox, Casey Griffin.

Also, Jennifer Low, Kyle Monks, Betsy Schur, Steven Smith and Gabrielle Winter.

Eighth-graders on the list were:

Madeline Bergon, Shannon DeBoer, Patrick Ford, Misha Garcia, Bradley Iverson, Jessica Low, Hannah Price, Sarah Schultz, Stephan Leslie, Ashley Portnell.

Also, Forrest Rackham, Paul Brinton, Camille Rand, Laurena Thomas, Jasmine Barr, Amanda Brown, Jessica Chapman, Stacy Dominguez, Bruce Hoch.

Also, Alexie Johnson, Kailee Kenyon, Cole Kraetsch, Joshua Laydon, Hilary Matzdorf, Shantilly Mills, Chase Moore, Andrea Stanton, Isaiah Warren.

Also, Cameron Creel, Ashli Cunningham, Vanessa Gallegos, Whitney Jackson, Adam Price, Wes Walters and Aubrey Farnham.


Hospice garden spring planting June 19

The public is invited to participate in the annual spring planting at the Hospice Memorial Garden June 19 on a plot behind the Chamber of Commerce.

This is an annual event providing an opportunity for everyone in Pagosa Springs to honor the memories of deceased family members and friends.

Participants bring annual or perennial flowers to plant and are provided with the planting marker on which they may write in the name of the person they are memorializing.

An opening ceremony is scheduled at 10 a.m., outdoors, next to the garden along the banks of the San Juan River.

Enza Bomkamp, Hospice social worker and bereavement counselor, will coordinate a program featuring both vocal and instrumental music presentations. Bomkamp is one of five professionals on the local hospice staff supported by 10 volunteers. Refreshments will be provided.

No reservations are necessary and parking is available on both sides of the Chamber building.

Bring flowers (and a trowel) if you wish to plant in the memory garden - but everyone is welcome to participate in this moving memorial event.

For more information, tune in to KWUF at 8:30 a.m. June 15 when longtime Hospice volunteers Jim and Pat Fregia are joined by Mercy Hospital staffer David Bruzzese for an interview and discussion program.


Law units will provide free firearm safety kits

Archuleta County Sheriff's Department and Pagosa Springs Police Department will provide 2,000 firearm safety kits to residents through a partnership with Project ChildSafe.

The safety kits, including a gun lock, will be distributed 7-9 p.m. Wednesday, June 16, at the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association conference room.

Project ChildSafe, a program developed by the National Shooting Sports Foundation, will distribute millions of the kits throughout the country.

The project is funded by a U.S. Department of Justice grant with additional funding by the firearms industry.

"We encourage residents to attend and pick up a safety kit so they can securely store their firearms," said Sheriff Tom Richards. "Each kit contains a safety curriculum and a cable-style gun lock. The locks fit on most types of handguns, rifles and shotguns. Our goal is to prevent a child or any other unauthorized person from accessing a firearm in your home."

Additionally, there will be deputies and police officers on hand an hour early (6 p.m.) to check your personal firearms for safety and to show you how the gun locks on your particular firearms. Bring your firearms, but no live ammunition is allowed.

There will be two guest speakers: Sheriff Richards and Pagosa Springs Police Chief Don Volger. After the program starts there will be an open forum for people to ask questions of both lawmen.


Answers to common well water safety questions

By Cliff Treyens

Special to The SUN

Private water well owners are in a unique position: They control their own water supply.

With this benefit comes some responsibilities. Private well owners are responsible for protecting their ground water resource as well as their families' health.

Occasionally, based on a news report or the color or smell of the water, well owners may wonder about the safety of their water supply. What can they do?

Testing water for the most common well contaminants is the best course of action. The following information from the National Ground Water Association (NGWA) also may answer some of the questions.

- How common are water problems?

"Pure" water does not exist - all natural water contains some gases and minerals, and is likely to contain some microbial organisms. Most water bacteria are harmless and many are actually beneficial

- I've heard about coliform bacteria. What are they?

Coliform bacteria originate as organisms in soil or vegetation and in the intestinal tract of warm-blooded animals (fecal coli). The many sources of bacterial pollution include runoff from woodlands, pastures and feedlots; septic tanks and sewage plants; and animals (wild or domestic)

- Will coliform bacteria make us sick?

Maybe, maybe not. Most coliforms are harmless residents of soil and will not make people sick. Some strains of E. coli, the most common fecal coliform bacterium, may be pathogens.

Some found in food have been lethal. Their presence should be taken very seriously

- If my water is clear and smells OK, is it safe?

You cannot directly smell unsafe bacteria or protozoa. They can only be detected using tests designed for that purpose. Therefore water quality should be checked regularly.

NGWA recommends an annual check of water quality and well maintenance, unless changes in water quality suggest the need to test the water at a lesser interval. For instance, some sources of odors are bacteria or septic, or the presence of chemicals. It is a good idea to take your nose seriously. Have the water tested

- What is the "iron bacteria" problem?

Better described as iron biofouling, it consists of biofilms, which include living and dead bacteria, their sheaths, stalks, secretions and other leavings, and embedded metal hydroxide particles. "Iron bacteria" is one type of biofouling among several, including the white sulfur slime of sulfur springs. Manganese and even aluminum biofouling also is found in ground water systems. These biofilms are natural and usually harmless. Natural iron biofouling often acts as a preliminary iron filter in wells and therefore can serve a positive function as well.

Biofouling can be a nuisance, however. Generally, iron biofouling is the cause of iron buildup in wells and pipes

- If I have bacteria in my well, where do they come from?

Many types of bacteria are native or adapted to saturated sediments and rock, and are present in significant numbers in most water supply aquifers, even deep formations. Given time and a route (soil and rock provide plenty of both), bacteria will migrate into and take up housekeeping in an aquifer. "Non-native" coliform bacterial or "protozoa" of potential health concerns, such as Giardia and Cryptosporidium, are most likely introduced from the surface

- What do we do about this problem?

If possible, do whatever it takes to correct the problem in your existing system. Sometimes this may even involve a new well and water inlet system away from the source of contamination.

- What's the best way to maintain my good water supply?

You should have your water tested annually for radon, bacteria and anything else of concern to you, even if you do not perceive a change in your water. Have your water tested by a qualified laboratory. They are listed in your phone book under "Water Testing" or "Laboratories."

The question of whether or not to have water tested is a serious one that concerns the health of the families who use it. Those who obtain drinking water from privately owned wells are responsible for assuring that it is safe.

For more information, contact a local ground water contractor or the U.S. EPA's Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426-4791.


New Mexico West Nile virus case spurs cautions in area

The New Mexico Department of Health announced recently that an adult male from San Juan County, New Mexico had tested positive for West Nile virus infection.

"The recent case in New Mexico shows us that West Nile virus transmission season is here and that everyone in the area should regularly protect themselves from mosquitoes, said Danni Lorrigan, public information officer for the San Juan Basin Health Department. "West Nile virus is a preventable disease and it certainly is worth the time and effort it takes to prevent it.

"You should wear insect repellent every time you're outside ... in the back yard or in the backwoods," she said.

"Health officials from across Colorado are strongly recommending the use of repellents and active efforts to eliminate mosquito breeding grounds because we want to prevent as many cases of West Nile virus as possible," Lorrigan said.

Lorrigan noted too many Coloradans did not take West Nile virus and, particularly the use of repellents, seriously enough last summer.

"We, as human beings, always think that it won't happen to us," Lorrigan said. "But, it did happen to nearly 3,000 Coloradans in 2003 when they became ill with West Nile virus. Many had only flu-like symptoms but others became seriously ill and some suffered permanent disabilities. And, 63 persons died."

Mosquitoes transmit West Nile virus after they bite infected birds, which are the carriers of the disease. Mosquitoes can then spread the virus to humans and horses.

Personal protection tips for using repellent include:

- repellents containing DEET have been available since 1956 and are used by an estimated 50-100 million people annually. When used as directed, these repellents have been proven to be safe and effective in preventing mosquito bites. The higher the percentage of DEET in a repellent the longer the protection lasts. Concentrations above 30 percent don't provide better protection

- choosing a product containing the right amount of DEET to match the time spent outdoors. Repellents containing 25-percent DEET protect for an average of five hours while repellents containing 20-percent DEET protect for almost four hours; repellents containing 6.65 percent DEET protect for almost two hours; repellents containing 4.75 percent DEET protect for approximately one-and-a-half hours.

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, repellents containing from 10- to 30-percent DEET can be used for children 6 months of age and older. Infants should be kept away from mosquitoes.

Parents should apply repellent to young children to insure complete coverage and proper application. Avoid getting the repellent on a child's hands or in their eyes or mouths.

Repellents containing DEET should not be used on children 6 months of age and younger. Limiting exposure to mosquitoes is best for these infants.

Alternative repellents that don't contain DEET may provide protection, but studies have shown that these repellents don't provide protection for as long.

Wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants while outdoors can reduce the need for repellent.

Other prevention tips include:

- limit time spent outdoors at dawn or dusk when mosquitoes that carry West Nile virus are most active

- if you or members of your family are outdoors, protect yourself by using insect repellant on a regular basis

- understand your backyard or patio is not a "safe zone." Even a brief trip out to the barbecue or garden allows time for an infected mosquito to bite you

- keep doors and windows closed and/or properly screened to keep mosquitoes out

- repair or replace torn or damaged screens.

Mosquitoes lay eggs in still water, such as that contained in small containers in the yard. If standing water is eliminated weekly, many eggs will be destroyed. An inch of standing water is all mosquitoes need to lay eggs.

In order to eliminate mosquito breeding grounds:

- remove standing water in ponds, ditches, gutters, flower pots, tires and cans

- check unusual items that might collect even small amounts of water, such as wheelbarrows; hubcaps, toys, garden equipment, pool covers and plastic sheeting. Turn these items upside down to prevent them from holding water

- drill drainage holes in tire swings

- empty water in birdbaths and wading pools every week so mosquito larvae cannot survive

- treat livestock water tanks with BTI, a bacteria that kills larvae but is safe for animals. BTI is available at home and garden stores and is commonly called "mosquito dunks" or "pellets"

- stock ornamental ponds and fountains with fish that eat mosquito larvae or treat with BTI. Contact the Colorado Division of Wildlife for recommendations

- prevent standing water by not over watering lawns and gardens

- trim shrubbery and remove garden debris.

More information about preventing West Nile virus can be obtained at www.FightTheBite Colorado.com. The Web site was established and is maintained by local public health agencies throughout Colorado and the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.

Information also can be obtained by calling San Juan Basin Health Department at 247-5702 or the Colorado HelpLine at (877) 462-2911. The toll-free line is in operation from 7 a.m.-11 p.m. weekdays and operates on a reduced schedule on weekends and holidays.


Summer demands a fully stocked first aid kit

Each year, Memorial Day weekend launches months of fun in the sun celebrated with picnics, pool visits and vacations.

Beware: As temperatures rise, so do the number of injuries seen in hospital emergency departments across the country, especially in children.

The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) encourages you to prepare for the summer by restocking and updating your first aid kit.

"Emergencies are unpredictable, which is why everyone should be prepared before an incident occurs," said Dr. J. Brian Hancock, ACEP president. "An important first step is to have a first aid kit in your home and automobile. Many people may already have first aid kits, but they need to remember to replenish supplies about once a year and throw away items that are old or expired and replace them with new products."

ACEP suggests the following items be kept in a first aid kit, which should be an easily identifiable, watertight container:

- personal identification, emergency contact numbers and medical history

- first aid manual

- 20 adhesive bandages in assorted sizes

- six medium sterile bandages

- two large sterile bandages

- two extra-large sterile bandages

- six triangular bandages

- two sterile eye pads

- two roller bandages

- aspirin and ibuprofen tablets

- disposable gloves

- instant ice pack

- nonalcoholic wound cleansing wipes

- scissors and tweezers

- pocket mask or plastic face shield for protection when giving CPR

- six safety pins

- note pad and pencil to record details and your observations during treatment

- for outdoor activities: blanket, survival bag to keep a person warm and dry, flashlight (with batteries), and whistle.

A considerable number of the 110 million annual emergency department visits occur during the summer, so it is important to be prepared. First aid kits should contain products that will help you treat injuries such as minor burns, cuts and scrapes and sprains and strains.

However, it is imperative to be aware of the types of injuries that may require further treatment by an emergency physician.

Immediate emergency medical attention is needed when a person experiences:

- difficulty breathing or shortness of breath

- chest or upper abdominal pain or pressure

- fainting, sudden dizziness or weakness

- changes in vision

- confusion or changes in mental status

- any sudden or severe pain

- uncontrolled bleeding

- severe or persistent vomiting or diarrhea

- coughing or vomiting blood.

Emergency physicians also advise you to take a basic first aid class, learn CPR, and have a general plan in case of a disaster.

ACEP is a national medical society with more than 23,000 members committed to improving the quality of emergency care through continuing education, research, and public education.


Power House adds staff, sets auction

New leadership and a reaffirmation of mission are on hand for Power House Youth Ministries of Pagosa Springs.

The nondenominational youth outreach that works with junior high and high school age youth, is across the street from the junior high and within walking distance.

The new staff includes Bill and Barbara Fair, who will be joined Sunday by Seth and Jayme Lutz. They are assisted by many community volunteers who are willing to sacrifice their time and energy for the sake of the youth of Pagosa Springs.

The Fairs first came to Pagosa in 1975 and have directed the San Juan Bible Camp in Mancos for 10 years. Bill attended Dallas Theological Seminary. American Missionary Fellowship is the Fair's parent home mission organization.

The Lutz are graduates of Southwestern College of the Bible. Seth has served as a student intern for two years and Jayme taught fifth grade for two years in Phoenix.

As directors of Power House, the Fairs said, "we desire to be a place where junior high and high school students can come and have a fun time in a safe environment."

Power House is also a non-denominational religious facility which provides an integrated social time and Bible centered devotions in which students with different views can express themselves.

Power House's view of salvation through faith in Jesus Christ, the directors said, "will be clearly communicated without feelings of condemnation to those with differing opinions. We want to be a fun place for students to be challenged socially and spiritually."

Organized sports activities such as volleyball, basketball, ping pong, pool, roller skating and summer hiking are some of the activities provided to complement the Bible teaching.

Three local churches provide some support but additional help is needed.

The organization's annual auction, always a primary fund-raiser, is scheduled in Town Park June 19, starting with dinner at 5 p.m. and the auction at 6:30.

Money from donations auctioned help run the facility for the following year and are tax-deductible.

For more information on Power House operation and support, call the Fairs at 731-5202 or 264-4403.


Unitarians examine acceptance of other paths

The Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship will hold a service based on the denomination's Third Principle, "Acceptance of One Another and Encouragement to Spiritual Growth in our Congregation," Sunday, June 6, at 10:30 a.m.

A local educator, Peg Schwartz-kopf, Ph.D., will lead an exploration of this principle, which is based on a sermon by Dr. Stephen Furrer, pastor of the Santa Fe Unitarian Universalist congregation.

This principle is sometimes considered a divisive influence within UU congregations. Some questions raised include: Do you "expect" spirituality when coming to a UU service? Do you tend to "set people straight" about their "unsophisticated" beliefs in God, Jesus, or the tenets of their religions? Do you accept the many paths taken by others?

Dr. Furrer's ideas about this Third Principle ask Unitarians to help make these paths safe ones for all who gather together to share their spirituality in mutual respect and affection.

The Fellowship is now meeting in its new permanent home in Unit 15, Greenbriar Plaza, which is located on Greenbriar Drive, off North Pagosa Boulevard. Unit 15 is on the east (back) side of the commercial plaza. Turn east on Greenbriar Drive off North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big new sign.

All are welcome.


Car wash, bake sale will support care givers

The Archuleta Children's Team (ACT) will sponsor a donation car wash and bake sale 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Wednesday, June 12, at Ponderosa Do it Best Home Center.

Proceeds will be used by local home daycare providers and child care centers for continuing education.

The team is asking everyone to participate and support local child care providers.


Rickshaw Rally at First Baptist Church

Travel across the spectacular islands of Japan on a challenging race to win the ultimate prize, as part of the Far-Out East Rickshaw Rally - Racing to the Son.

Racing teams will need more than good fortune to complete this race at First Baptist Church's Summer Fun Days.

The church invites all children whom have completed kindergarten through sixth grade to join in the fun in the Son.

The racers (children) will dash through the streets of Tokyo, climb Mount Fuji and dive for pearls in the Sea of Japan.

This week of fun, food and Far East mystique is free and open to all. Sessions will be 9 a.m.-noon June 21-25 in Town Park.

For more information or to preregister, call the church at 731-2205 or 731-9042.


More on pioneer life in the San Juans

College graduate George Tinker came west from Pennsylvania in 1876. While mining at Silverton, he met and married Emma Happs Tinker. She was 14, he 28.

The family moved to Riverside, N.M., near Cedar Hill, in 1884. Cedar Hill is located on the Animas River between Aztec and Durango.

Looking for a home, Tinker traded his rifle to Alf Graves for a plot of land where he built a two-room picket house complete with dirt floor and roof. Picket is another name for a jacal, a construction technique using vertical poles, large or small in diameter, and chinking the gaps with mud. Before a three-room addition could be added some years later, the family had grown to five children. Newly installed wooden floors were highly prized.

Mail came from Durango when anyone happened to pick it up. Cedar Hill, first known as Cox's Crossing, got its first post office in 1887. Mrs. May, the first postmistress, served meals to the stage driver and passengers. To protect guests from the swarms of flies during summer, Mrs. May coated two hinged boards with honey. When she thought the timing right, she clapped the boards together.

A Mr. Flack operated a ferry boat at the site of the present bridge. As his helpers wound up the cable which pulled the ferry across the river, he shouted, "O ho, boys. Let's go."

Tinker worked the Silverton mines during summers and taught school at Cedar Hill during winters for $25 a month. The school had no desks, just wooden benches to match the log construction. Children laid their slates and books beside them on the bench.

The benches were uncomfortable. Mrs. Edith Randleman recalls taking her slate and books and sitting by the fireplace, normally a disciplinary measure.

Daughter Edith Tinker's only schooling was from her father. Nevertheless, she passed state teacher examinations and taught school for four years in her home or the homes of pupils. Her salary was $40 a month. In those days teachers boarded around, often sharing a bed with one of the students.

The Tinkers remember Indian scares. Two boys riding in Ditch Canyon stole a blanket from a squaw. (Motter's note: The terms squaw, buck, and papoose denoting Indian women, men and children, are no longer acceptable, nor should they be. Since this column is intended to show pioneer times and attitudes as they really were, I have repeated the language of those days.) The theft brought the Indians out in force against the white settlement. George Tinker was among the 15 men mobilized to drive them back. Mrs. Tinker took the children into the cabin, bolted the door, and hung quilts over the two windows. Mrs. Randlemon says she was more frightened by the procedure than by the Indians.

One Indian was killed in the skirmish. A company of soldiers came in to settle the affair. Return of the stolen blanket restored peace.

At another time, a group of Indians rode to the Tinker house while the father was away. They wanted to trade a rifle for the horse Mrs. Tinker held by the bridle. She refused. After a prolonged argument, the disappointed Indians rode away.

Because there were no irrigation ditches, settlers living along the river had water wheels to lift the water to their own ditches. The Cedar Hill Ditch was built later.

The Rev. Hugh Griffith (see last week's article), an M.E. circuit rider known as the cowboy preacher, held occasional services in homes. For some time there were only four families - Coxes, Graves, Whitneys, and Tinkers. Descendents of the Graves live in Pagosa Springs at this time.

Mothers were terrified each time a child took sick because there were no doctors. Scarlet fever, diphtheria, and even measles and whooping cough were accompanied with liberal amounts of terror. Each child, at least in this family, wore a bag of asafetida around his or her neck for prevention. Each mother had a stock of home remedies.

Threshing at Cedar Hill was driving horses over the piles of grain. Then a horse-powered thresher was brought in from Fruitland. In 1906, Tinker bought the first steam thresher, mortgaging his home to pay for it.

The preceding story is from an article written by Nancy Elliott and may be found in "Pioneers of the San Juan Country, Vol. IV."


Follow the MAP to find migraine help

Like many of the 28 million Americans who experience migraines, Angie has struggled for years to find relief from her pain.

"Since I was about 18 years old, I have had severe, incapacitating migraines that interfered with almost everything I did," says Angie, a working mother in her early thirties from St. Louis. "I took medication, but my headaches would often come back, sometimes even worse than the first attack. Nothing seemed to provide relief." The pain and debilitation that resulted affected both her business and family relationships.

Migraine attacks are characterized by severe, even disabling pain, visual disturbances such as bright flashing lights or blind spots, and sensitivity to light and sound. Some people also experience feelings of exhaustion, muscle aches, food cravings, mood swings, nausea and vomiting in addition to the pain.

Now, a new assessment tool called the Migraine Attack Profile (MAP) is available from the National Headache Foundation (NHF) and allows migraine sufferers to map the duration of each of the three phases of their migraine attack - from pre-headache to migraine to post-headache. Although attacks can change over time, MAP can aid in the discovery of an overall migraine pattern, which doctors analyze to select the most appropriate course of treatment. In other words, MAP helps patients communicate better with their doctors who in turn can develop a more strategic plan of attack against migraine pain.

"Over time, most people with migraine have many different types of attacks," says Timothy R. Smith, M.D., R.Ph., a headache specialist at Ryan Headache Center in St. Louis and one of the researchers involved in the development of MAP. "The real challenge is to choose a medication that's best suited to each particular attack. The Migraine Attack Profile facilitates patient communication about their headaches and subsequently simplifies the treatment decision."

Although many medications are available to treat migraines, finding the right one isn't always easy.

"Each medication has advantages and disadvantages that need to be evaluated based on the individual patient," says Smith. "For example, if the patient's attacks tend to start slowly but progress throughout the day, a drug with longer-lasting effects may be a more suitable option than one that begins to work faster but stops working sooner."

For Angie, completing the profile made a big difference in her life. "Even though I've had migraines for years, it wasn't until I started using MAP that I realized how long the headaches lasted. My doctor noticed a recurring pattern and determined that a long-lasting therapy would work best for me. Now I finally have the relief I need."

According to Suzanne Simons, executive director of the NHF, tools such as MAP play a crucial role in headache management. "Anytime patients can actively partner with their healthcare providers, they improve their chances of finding a successful treatment outcome," she says.

In addition to using MAP, the NHF offers the following migraine management tips:

Seek expert help. Find out if your doctor has experience treating migraine, or consider seeing a headache specialist or a neurologist.

Learn all you can about headaches. Take advantage of the free resources at the NHF to help you better communicate with your healthcare provider.

Be open and honest. Tell your healthcare provider every detail of your headaches, symptoms and how they impact your life.

Ask questions. Don't leave the office until you understand all your treatment options so you and your doctor can agree on realistic treatment expectations.

Follow up regularly. Track your treatment progress with a headache calendar, and be prepared to discuss it during your next visit.

Accept family support. Let family members pitch in with daily chores and other responsibilities. Less stress may lead to fewer migraines.

For more information about headaches and to get a free copy of the Migraine Attack Profile, contact the National Headache Foundation at (888) NHF-5552 or visit www.headaches.org.


Your child's first glasses? Tips on what to look for

Your child has just had his annual eye checkup, and you find out that he needs to wear prescription eyeglasses.

A lot of questions are going through your mind, such as, "Will my child wear them?" "What frames are appropriate and durable enough to last through the year?" "What about playing sports?" These and many other questions are of great concern to many parents whose children need glasses to correct their vision.

While there are a lot of frames and options available for children these days, how do you go about selecting a pair that your child will want to wear?

"Most children who need eyeglasses are either nearsighted or farsighted," says Liz DeFranco, instructor in the optician program at Interboro Institute, in New York City. "Depending on the degree of visual correction necessary, an eye doctor will prescribe glasses for full- or part-time wear. Some kids will be instructed to take their glasses off for schoolwork, while others need to have them on all day."

Sometimes the eye doctor will make specific recommendations about suitable eyeglass frames, but often that decision is left up to the parents, the child and the optician who fits the glasses, DeFranco says. If you visit the optical store fully prepared and know what to look for, choosing the right pair of glasses for your child can be easier than you had ever imagined.

According to DeFranco and AllAboutVision.com, there are 10 key items to consider when choosing a pair of glasses for your child.

- lens thickness - the prescription is the primary consideration in choosing glasses. Before you start looking for the frames, consult with the optician. If the prescription calls for strong lenses that are likely to be thick, keep the frames as small as possible to eliminate distortion in the lenses

- fashion forward - most kids get teased about their specs, especially the first time they wear them. Make your child more comfortable with wearing glasses by allowing her to choose her own frames. The optician can tell you which frames are popular and which are more classic styles

- plastic vs. metal - children's frames are made of plastic or metal (also known as "wire"). Both are durable and lightweight, making either style appropriate. A lot of manufacturers copy adult styles for children's frames. It's not unusual for kids to ask for glasses that look just like Mom's or Dad's.

- proper bridge fit - each frame must be evaluated individually to make sure it fits a child's smaller nose and not-fully-developed bridge. If there are any gaps between the bridge of the frame and the bridge of the nose, the weight of the lenses will make the glasses slide. It is important that the glasses stay in place, because kids have a tendency to look right over the tops of the lenses instead of pushing slipping glasses back into place. The optician is usually the best judge of whether a frame fits properly

- the right temple style - temples that wrap all the way around the back of the ear help ensure that the glasses don't slide down or drop off a child's face completely. These wraparound temples, called "cable temples," are generally available on metal frames and are especially helpful to keep glasses in place on toddlers. For part-time eyeglass wearers, it is better to have regular, or "skull," temples that go straight back and then curve gently around the back of the ear

- spring hinges - these special hinges allow the temples to flex outward, away from the frames, without causing any damage. Kids are not always careful when they put on and take off glasses, and the spring hinges can help prevent costly repairs. They also come in handy if the child falls asleep with the glasses on, or just has a rough day at play. Spring hinges are strongly recommended for toddlers who sometimes play with their glasses

- lens material - children's lenses should be made of polycarbonate, because it is the most impact-resistant and safest material around. (It is actually the same plastic that bulletproof glass is made of!) Polycarbonate has built-in protection against potentially damaging ultraviolet (UV) rays. It can also be scratch-resistant coated (which may or may not be included in the cost). Stronger prescriptions have heavier lenses, but polycarbonate is lighter in weight than plastic lenses

The least desirable material for your child's lenses is glass. Glass shatters when it breaks, and broken glass - even safety glass - can hurt the eye. Glass lenses are also a little heavier, which makes them less comfortable.

- sports eyewear - if your kid is involved in sports, a sports goggle with a large vertical eye opening and polycarbonate lenses will afford the most protection against eye injury. Sports goggles must be fitted properly to provide the maximum amount of protection, so consult with an eyecare professional before making a purchase

- warranties - many optical retailers offer a warranty plan that will replace eyewear at no charge or for a minimal fee in case of damage to the frames or lenses. Consider opting for the warranty, especially if your child is a toddler or a first-time wearer.

- backup pair - if your child's vision is so poor that she has difficulty functioning without her glasses, you may want to purchase a backup pair in case something happens to the primary ones. A sports goggle or prescription sunglasses without tint can double as a spare pair of glasses.


Discover New Trails in summer reading program at library

By Barb Draper

Special to The PREVIEW

Registration is underway for the summer reading program for children which begins June 7 and continues through July 2.

Because of the planned library expansion, the program will be limited to four weeks this year with the theme "Discover New Trails."

The weekly programs will have their own themes within the program title.

"Pioneers and Covered Wagons" will lead off June 7-12; "Trails in the Woods will be highlighted June 14-19; "Cowboys and Cowgirls" take the reading stage June 21-26; and the program concludes June 28-July 2 with "Railroads and Gold Mining."

Story and program hours start each Tuesday and Friday at 10 a.m. There will be separate programs for toddler through kindergarten and for those who have completed first grade on up through junior high.

One highlight designed to get children more involved will be a Discovery Hunt - a scavenger hunt taking participants all around town to find out lots of information about Archuleta County's geography and colorful history.

Programs will include:

- a special presentation by nationally known Pagosans Paul and Carla Roberts on music and dance of early settlers

- a live pony

- a campfire singalong with special guest guitarist Joan Rodger

- Phyllis Decker from the forest service with forest and mountain activities

- a model railroad exhibit by local train enthusiasts Bob Nordman and Tim Bristow

- a possible guest appearance by a former gold miner

- lots of guest storytellers

- many new books and audio books

- contests every week and - prizes.

Visit Fort Discovery at Ruby Sisson Library and you won't miss out on an exciting adventure into the past.

For more information call 264-2209.


Start summer with a well-planned party

In the summer, you don't really need a reason to throw a party. Everyone is so happy that the weather's warm after a frigid winter that they'll welcome any opportunity to head outdoors. Whether it's to celebrate a graduation, birthday or just plain old fun, summer parties are guaranteed to be successful.

For most people, the backyard is the best place to hold a summer soiree. Decks, patios and pools are perfect settings for the festivities (you may want to rent a tent in case it rains). But, inviting people into your backyard means you are inviting them into your home. If you want guests to avoid certain parts of your home, hang up "Do Not Enter" signs or escort them inside. Also, make sure you rid your yard of hazards like tools, branches, glass and rocks so no one gets hurt. Buy a first-aid kit or have a well-stocked medicine cabinet if anyone does get injured.

If you are an apartment dweller, have a small yard, or just don't want to have people over, you can still have a summer party. Throw it at a local park, on the beach or atop a roof (make sure it is legal to go on the roof). Stake out the park or beach in advance to see if it has a grill and enough space to hold your guests. For a roof party, get permission from your landlord and ask if you can use a grill there.

Come summer, the barbecues will be fired up, making that a natural way to feed guests. Serve hot dogs, hamburgers, chicken or other barbecued fare. Don't feel like you have to stick with basic barbecue staples. You can treat guests to shish kebabs, or food on a stick. You can add whatever combination you want of meat, vegetables, fish or fruits. For dessert, set up an ice cream sundae or frozen yogurt bar complete with the fixin's to make everyone feel like a kid. Or, take advantage of the grill and let guests make their own s'mores - graham cracker-chocolate bar-marshmallow sandwiches.

Come summer, everyone is always thirsty, so don't forget about the drinks. Have plenty of water, soda, iced tea and juice on hand. Buy several bags of ice to keep everything cold. If you won't be near a fridge, pick up a cooler to stash the drinks.

Keep everything simple for yourself. Buy paper plates and plastic utensils that can be tossed directly into garbage bags after they are used. And don't forget that you'll have to fend off the mosquitoes. Put bug nets over foods and decorate with citronella candles (which can also be your source of light) to ward off insects. You can also lightly spray a bug repellent into the area.

Every summer party needs some tunes. Play the radio or make a musical mix of summer-oriented songs. Pick music that suits the mood you want to set. Add an aura of fun with decorations. Balloons tied onto the fence or trees or potted flowers around the yard will add color and life to any party.


Phoenix customs no match for Pagosa demolition derby

By Jim Super

Special to The PREVIEW

I was told moving from the big city of Phoenix to Pagosa Country would be a big transition. The customs and the way of life are very different from what I was used to.

I thank God this was the truth. I love it here - from the town to the wonderful people who inhabit this piece of heaven on earth. When I was asked to do an article about the demolition derby I reflected on what that meant in Phoenix when I lived there.

Sometime around mid April every year the weather there would abruptly change from a livable temperature to savagely hot. Just as the century bugs and cicadas would start to arise from their state of suspended animation, so would the 1976 lemons, and other vehicles that would be deemed barely roadworthy.

These cars were the ones with primer only, optional windshields, creative touches of red plastic wrap and duct tape to replace the missing tail lights. More often than not, a temporary tag was taped sideways on the back of a cracked and filthy window, and the dilapidated vinyl roofing would blow around the car roof like worn Tibetan prayer flags.

This was a proclamation of spring turning to summer, and for insured and safe drivers to be aware. The occupants of these vehicles either did hard time, or were extras from The Village of The Damned. On the freeways or surface streets, the cars followed no rules of the road; this was Demolition Derby time in Phoenix.

It was not a recreational affair, but an exasperating and fateful endeavor for all safe drivers to contend with.

Fortunately we in Pagosa have an event in a controlled environment that lends itself to good old fun with the county fair's Demolition Derby at 11 a.m. Sunday, Aug. 8.

Entrance fee is $5 for adults, $3 for children. Toddlers 3 and younger get in free. Food and beverages will also be available for a nominal fee. It is an economical deal all the way around but wait, there is more.

Frontier Towing is donating a car for entry in the derby, and Buckskin Towing will be prepping the car for the event. All you will have to do is purchase a ticket. If your lucky number is drawn out of a hat you can drive it in the derby.

If you prefer not to drive, an alternate driver will be provided for you. There is, of course, big prize money involved for the winner. If you choose to have an alternate driver and that person wins you will split the prize money equally.

For interested drivers, the entry fees are $25. Pit crews fees are $10 per person. All drivers must be a minimum 18 years old to participate. Grand prize money will be announced at a later date, but I am assured it is "big bucks."

Rules and regulations will be available starting today at the following locations:

Walter Auto, Holladay Auto, Ken's Performance, Piedra Car Care, DNK Auto, Sutton Auto and Archuleta County Extension Office.

All judges will be from out of town.

If you have any questions, contact the demolition derby's new manager, Cecil Larkin at 731-9444.


Auction includes companions, music, meals and more

The Rising Stars of Pagosa Springs will hold the Great Date Auction June 4 from 6-9 p.m. at Montezuma's Vineyard.

The evening will include live music by Bob Heminger and friends, an appetizer buffet and a live auction. The auction will feature date packages, some including babysitting, a singles auction and local goods and services.

Date packages include Creede Repertory Theatre tickets, rafting, horseback rides, sushi, dinner certificates from JJ's , Isabel's, East meets Southwest and European Cafe, a night at Hart's Rocky Mountain Retreat, massage, yoga, tango and ballroom lessons, jewelry from Summer Philips, tree work by Chris Pierce, artwork, an airplane ride, train rides and much more.

Singles to be auctioned off are Les Linton, Chris Corcoran, Tim Decker, Carol Turner, Deb Reynolds, Tom Ramey, Peg Schwarzkopf, and Reid Kelly.

Proceeds will go toward the many programs for youths and families at the Rising Stars building.

Tickets can be purchased for $15 for singles or $25 for couples at Pacific Auction Exchange, Discovery Junction Child Development Center and Pagosa Gymnastics, or from any Rising Stars board member. Tickets can also be purchased at the door for an additional $5 each.

For more information call Jennifer at 731-6983.


Luminaria help light the way to cancer cure

By Doug Trowbridge

Special to The PREVIEW

The 6th annual American Cancer Society (ACS) Relay For Life in Archuleta County will take place Friday, June 11, and Saturday, June 12, in Town Park.

Relay For Life is the American Cancer Society's biggest fund-raiser and you can help them light the way to a cure by purchasing a luminaria to be lit in honor of, or in memory of a friend or loved one who's life has been touched by cancer.

The luminaria will be lighted on Friday night at the Relay and the names of those being honored will be read aloud as participants observe a moment of silence. Each luminaria costs just $10 and can be purchased by contacting Patti Sterling at 731-5213, Morna Trowbridge at 731-4718 or at the event prior to 9 p.m. on Friday, June 11.

Nearly 18 years ago, one doctor took to his local track for a 24-hour marathon walk and run to raise money and awareness of the toll cancer was taking in his community. The next year, he was joined by friends and family, beginning a tradition that has become the ACS Relay For Life.

Today, that tradition takes place in over 3,800 communities around the world and has helped the ACS make great strides in not only finding a cure for cancer, but in offering help and hope to those fighting the disease.

Last year, the Relay For Life in Archuleta County raised $75,000 to help in the fight against cancer. Of that, over 60 percent stays right here in Archuleta County to fund programs to assist our friends and family who are battling cancer.

Your luminaria purchase is a great way to support the efforts of the ACS and benefit programs to assist this community.

If you would like to pay tribute to a friend or family member, contact Patti or Morna today, or come out and offer your support at this year's Relay for Life.

Help us light the way to a cure.



Birthday surprise succeeds bereft of major road delays

By Chuck McGuire

Sun Columnist

Bruce Keep, my longtime friend and steadfast fishing companion, turned 50 the other day, and I wanted to surprise him with a nice lunch. Of course, like most of us, he holds a full-time job, and was scheduled to work on his birthday.

"So," I thought, "no problem." I'll just quietly work out an arrangement with his boss (and older brother), Rex, where someone would cover for a couple of hours, while I treated him to a meal at a popular local sandwich shop.

Of course, that was the easy part. My real challenge came in driving the 630 mile-roundtrip necessary to accomplish this feat of generosity.

Bruce works in Edwards, just west of Vail. His brother is a professional photographer, and with Bruce's help, also runs a couple of one-hour photo labs. Like most ski resort businesses, they typically reduce springtime staff, so I expected some difficulty in prying Bruce free for a time, but Rex assured me (by phone) that he'd be available when I arrived. All I had to do was maneuver my way through a number of road construction projects, and make it there by noon.

It was Friday, and my alarm startled me from a deep sleep a little before dawn. I had packed most of my things the night before, so after a quick shower and light breakfast, I was on the road by six. The morning sky was clear, and the air cool and still.

There is no direct route from Pagosa Springs to Edwards, but the shortest is over Wolf Creek Pass to Del Norte, then north through Saguache, Poncha Springs, and Buena Vista, to Leadville. On a good day, this takes under four hours, and from Leadville, Edwards is usually less than another hour north and west.

I say "usually," because a little pre-trip Internet research confirmed numerous ongoing road improvements statewide, including a several-month bridge closure at Redcliff, about halfway between Leadville and Edwards. With no choice but to detour through Copper Mountain and over Vail Pass, I figured on an extra half an hour, at least.

Not surprisingly, my research also indicated three separate projects on either side of Wolf Creek Pass. Just getting started might be challenging, but with only partial paving on the west side, and mostly interior work at the tunnel, I reckoned on another half an hour there, with another possible hour-long delay at the Lonesome Dove widening site.

Naturally, I considered traveling through Durango, and north over Molas and Red Mountain passes, but a look at the CDOT Web site revealed an all-day closure on Red Mountain Pass for what they called "rockfall mitigation" work. With the closure scheduled until 7 p.m., Friday, Wolf Creek Pass was the only viable option.

I had originally planned on visiting with Bruce over lunch, then returning home by dark. I knew that even without any appreciable roadwork it seemed a lofty goal, but Bruce is a special friend, and 50 can be a psychological turning point for some. Having been through it, I just wanted to be there in case he needed me. Besides, my schedule had loosened up lately, and if fatigue set in while still miles from home, I was prepared to camp for the night.

Anyway, as I turned toward Wolf Creek Pass on U.S. 160, a rising sun hung just below the jagged horizon of the south San Juans. The sky above was a deep azure blue, and vast groves of aspen, once dormant and gray, were now a striking jade green. The highest snow fields stood out in sharp contrast, and with the valley floor still flooded in shadow, two mule deer does grazed precariously close to the highway's edge.

Further on, as the sun's golden rays gradually fell upon high peaks and boundless montane forests, countless crystalline streams and cascading waterfalls rushed to fill rivers and reservoirs, as if intent on staving off the drought which has persisted now, too many years.

Settling into a safe steady pace, I cruised through the first two construction zones and over the pass to Lonesome Dove. As expected, traffic there was at a standstill, and weary travelers had gathered outside their cars in the warm morning glow. I fell in line to wait out a lengthy delay, but in just nine minutes, we were all suddenly waved through.

And so it was, throughout the entire trip. Except for the detour from Leadville to Edwards, I never encountered another delay. In fact, I arrived at Bruce's lab at a quarter-to-twelve.

Needless to say, Bruce was surprised and, at first, somewhat baffled as I walked through the door. The look on his face, as he inquisitively asked, "What are you doing here?" made it worth every mile and each passing hour just to see him that day.

Indeed, we had a nice lunch at a nearby cafe, and I gave him a modest gift just right for the occasion.

Without knowing I was coming, but with early evening commitments, Bruce had already arranged for the afternoon off. We talked about fishing some nearby beaver ponds for an hour after lunch, but as one might expect this time of year, the prevailing winds kicked up, and casting a fly would've been difficult at best. So, we settled for a brief visit near the ponds, and in the warm afternoon sun, as a rising gale rolled over thick willow stands and up the adjacent heavily-forested hillsides, we caught up on each other's lives.

The drive toward home was over another route. I'm not one to backtrack often, and I don't like traveling interstates, so I headed west to Glenwood Springs, then south to Carbondale. From there, over McClure Pass and along the Paonia Reservoir, I eventually passed through Paonia, Hotchkiss and Delta, arriving in Montrose around 7 p.m.

I thought to myself, if CDOT was on schedule, Red Mountain Pass would certainly be open again, but mild exhaustion was setting in, and I wasn't sure I could make it another four hours to home. That's when it occurred to me that my friend, Bob MacCall, who works at a Montrose grocery store, might be on duty, and I could at least drop by and say hello.

Again, good fortune was with me, and Bob (who was also surprised to see me) offered the keys to his cabin on the Uncompahgre Plateau. It was only about an hour into a dense and remote mountain forest, and I've stayed there many times before. It seemed a fitting end to a splendid day of travel, and I'd be fresh for the scenic jaunt home the next morning.

Throughout my day-and-a-half journey, the weather was near perfect. Aside from a little wind Friday afternoon, a deep blue sky and bright sunshine were only briefly interrupted by singular white cumulus drifting just over the higher terrain. And, of course, the night sky above the plateau glittered with a million stars, as Venus and Jupiter dominated the scene.

Such ventures remind me of how fortunate I am to live in this superb mountain environment where I can literally see hundreds of high alpine summits (many over 14,000 feet) in a single day. And, while veiled in their spectacular springtime glory, the San Juans are the most magnificent of all.

So, happy birthday Bruce, I hope your day was as enjoyable as mine.


DOW seeks public input on possible elk hunt changes

The Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW) is giving the public the opportunity to increase the amount of available limited bull elk hunting in the state, after the Colorado Wildlife Commission opted to consider public requests to increase the amount of limited bull elk hunting in the state.

Currently, approximately 13 percent of the bull elk hunting in Colorado is limited. Limited hunting can create hunts with lower hunter densities that will produce older age class bulls and generally larger elk, depending upon the limits in place.

The Wildlife Commission has authorized an increase in limited hunting opportunity to as high as 30 percent, with as many as three currently unlimited, over-the-counter Data Analysis Units (DAUs) being limited to hunters and managed for limited hunting as soon as the 2005 season.

The DOW divides the state into DAUs that are again divided into Game Management Units (GMUs). These proposed public nominations are restricted to DAUs because they include the entire range of an elk herd. Therefore, to correctly manage an elk herd as limited, the entire DAU needs to be included.

Changing management strategies have the potential to impact areas economically, agriculturally, and in terms of hunting opportunity for resident and non-resident hunters. For that reason, the Wildlife Commission is interested in hearing from constituents who may be impacted by the change. The DOW has developed a process that will incorporate public expectations of stakeholders and interested other parties into this decision. To have nomination considered in the 2005 hunts, interested parties are asked to nominate specific DAUs for limited elk management to the DOW and Wildlife Commission by June 17, 2004. Nominations submitted after June 17 will be considered for the 2006 hunting season.

Nomination instructions and the calendar for the nomination process can be found at the DOW offices in Durango and Monte Vista.

These instructions and additional information can also be found on the Internet at wildlife.state.co.us/hunt/limitedDAUprocess/index.asp.

These nominations will then be reviewed by DOW staff and moved forward for further consideration by the Wildlife Commission at the July 1 meeting in Gunnison. The Wildlife Commission will approve no more than three proposals for the 2005 season. Additional nominations and supporting documentation will be considered in 2005, provided that the previous nominations that are approved do not exceed the statewide 30 percent limited bull elk-hunting cap.

Those who nominate units will be responsible for mailing nomination forms and supporting documentation to the Colorado Wildlife Commission, attention: Mike King, 6060 N. Broadway, Denver CO 80216.

Nomination forms will need to be reviewed and demonstrate substantial support from local stakeholder groups in order to move forward. These groups will include, but not be limited to: local chambers of commerce; Habitat Protection Partnership committees; agricultural groups such as the Colorado Woolgrowers Association; the Colorado Cattlemen's Association; and the Colorado Farm Bureau; local and state hunting organizations; the outfitters operating in that particular Data Analysis Unit (DAU); and local government representatives, including the county commissioners and local city councils.

Nominations will be evaluated based on the amount of public support for the change in management.

The commission will direct DOW staff to begin the DAU planning process for the units selected, based on the amount of support by stakeholder groups, at the commission meeting in Craig Aug. 5-6. Public testimony, both for and against the management change for those units that are nominated, will be heard at the commission meeting in Durango Sept. 9-10 and at the Wildlife Commission workshop in Glenwood Springs Oct. 5-6.

DOW wildlife biologists will then submit draft plans for the DAUs that are nominated at the November Wildlife Commission meetings in Denver. The Wildlife Commission will receive the final DAU plan and decide which units will be limited at the January Wildlife Commission meeting in Denver and set the quotas for those units in May of 2005.


Volunteer help needed at Chimney Rock

Chimney Rock Interpretive Association is looking for volunteers interested in archaeology, archaeoastronomy, working with the public, and learning about one of our local natural resources.

Chimney Rock Interpretive Association is a non-profit organization whose mission it is to provide visitors to Chimney Rock Archaeological Area an enjoyable and educational experience, which is sensitive to native cultures and to assist the Forest Service in protecting the site.

Volunteers can contribute in a variety of ways:

- cabin host - meet the public and sell educational items at the Visitor's Cabin

- tour guide - the organization provides the information and training to become a certified tour guide

- Full Moon tours - become part of the volunteer Light Brigade, assisting visitors along the Pueblo Trail with each Full Moon Program

This is the beginning of the four-year Northern Lunar Standstill, which will be visible between the rocks at Chimney Rock, and there will be many opportunities to volunteer for the coming events:

- assisting with school tours, Life at Chimney Rock programs, pottery and basket making classes, geology seminars and more

- early birds might enjoy volunteering for Solstice and Equinox Sunrise programs

- office support with mailings, fund-raisers, and help with maintenance at the Chimney Rock site are ways volunteers can help the organization.

The next volunteer training session is June 8 and 10 at 7:30 p.m. at the Parish Hall on Lewis Street. Newcomers are welcome.

If you are interested in volunteering or would like to know more about the volunteer organization, contact Lindsay Morgan, program manager at 264-2287. The Chimney Rock Web site is www. chimneyrockco.org.


Geology workshop set at Chimney Rock

A geology workshop will be held at Chimney Rock Archaeological Area Saturday, June 12, from 9 a.m.- 5 p.m.

This one-day workshop will present the geology and geologic history of the Chimney Rock Archaeological Area. It is a great opportunity to learn basic field identification methods and apply geologic concepts to an existing site.

Glenn Raby, geologist and Chimney Rock site manager for the Forest Service will be the instructor.

Cost is $35. Bring a lunch, snacks and water to drink. Dress for the weather.

For reservations and a list of what tools to bring, call the Chimney Rock Visitors Cabin at 883-5359.


Fishing derby set for kids at Tucker Ponds

The South Fork Children's Summer Recreation Program and the Alamosa Wal-Mart are sponsoring an exiting, fun-filled day of fishing that kids will remember for a lifetime.

Kids 4 to 16 are invited to test their fishing skills at the Wal-Mart All-American Fishing Derby from 7:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m. June 12, at Tucker Ponds west of South Fork.

Several prizes will be presented, with special awards for the nationwide Fujifilm "Big Fish" Contest. Kids catching a fish at the derby, any fish, any size can enter the Kellogg's "I Caught a Fish" Contest. Other prizes include everything from fishing gear to gift certificates. An extra special event is the Zebco Kids Casting Contest, with prizes to be awarded in two age categories.

The South Fork Children's Summer Recreation Program has a strong commitment to America's youth and is proud to celebrate National Fishing and Boating Week by sponsoring an unforgettable day of fishing for the kids and their families.

"Spending a day fishing with a child can create memories to last a lifetime," said Gordon Holland, derby program spokesman. "Besides being a wonderful experience for youngsters, the derbies are an excellent bonding activity for a community," continued Holland.

For more information or to sign up please call Brandy at the South Fork Visitors Center, (719) 873-5512.


Drop in E. coli outbreaks good news for beef growers

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has announced good news for consumers and cattlemen.

According to the Center, E. coli O157:H7 illnesses dramatically declined 36 percent in 2003 compared to the previous year. The overall incidence of E. coli has declined 42 percent since 1996.

Working in collaboration with the Food and Drug Administration and the Department of Agriculture, the Center issued a report that also shows a sharp decline in other food-borne illnesses.

"This is great news for encouraging consumers to feel safe about the U.S. beef supply," said Fred Lombardi, executive director, of Colorado Beef Council. "It's very reassuring to see that safeguards have been set in place contributing to a positive impact on public health."

Since the first major E. coli O157:H7 outbreak 10 years ago, Colorado beef producers' checkoff dollars have helped fund a series of research programs designed to improve beef safety. Additionally, the checkoff-funded Beef Industry Food Safety Council (BIFSCo) was formed in 1997 as a result of the urgent need for the industry to address the E. coli issue.

BIFSco brings together beef industry leaders to work colla-boratively on reducing or eliminating E. coli and other pathogens from the beef supply. Since the E. coli Summit in January 2003, the BIFSCo has been working toward compiling best practices from across the beef industry. These best practices use science-based technologies to continue to deliver the safest beef products possible to consumers.

All the best practices are available on the BIFSCo Web site as they are completed (www.bifsco.org). These living documents will be updated on a continual basis.

Lombardi added that although occurrence of E. coli has been reduced, it is still important for consumers to handle food safely to prevent any type of food-borne illness.

Fresh beef should only be purchased if it is bright red in color, and should be refrigerated or frozen immediately upon arriving home. Ground beef patties should always be cooked to an internal temperature of 160 degrees Fahrenheit.

"Multiple steps are being taken from the ranch to the kitchen to assure that consumers can continue to feel confident about the safety of beef," said Lombardi.


DOW trackers find seven newborn lynx

Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW) tracking crews found seven lynx kittens born to two mothers over the Memorial Day weekend, marking the second year in a row reproduction has been documented in the agency's ongoing reintroduction program.

A Yukon female released in 2000 was found May 29 with four healthy kittens beneath the roots of a live Engelmann spruce at 11,000 feet in a rugged, remote area of southwestern Colorado.

An Alaskan female released in 2000 was discovered May 31 with three healthy kittens hidden away in downed timber in a forest of Englemann spruce and subalpine fir at 11,000 feet in the same general area.

Last year DOW trackers confirmed that at least 16 lynx kittens had been born in Colorado, the first recorded births since lynx were first released in 1999. Neither of the lynx that had kittens this spring gave birth last year.

"This is another important milestone in our ongoing effort to restore lynx to the state," said Rick Kahn, coordinator of the DOW's lynx recovery team. "The kittens born this year are another strong indication that the lynx we have released are establishing a population that has the potential to expand and become self-sustaining in the future."

Kahn emphasized that while the program has accomplished many key goals, two more important milestones must occur before the recovery effort can be called a success.

"The next step will be for lynx born in Colorado to have young of their own," Kahn said. "The entire effort won't be complete until the number of lynx that live to be adults exceeds the number of mortalities each year."

Led by researcher Tanya Shenk, the tracking crew used radio-tracking equipment in DOW aircraft to locate the females. Then they hiked or snowshoed into the area and used hand-held equipment that picked up signals emitted from the collars worn by the lynx mothers. The four kittens found on May 29 - three females and a male - were found with their mother on the edge of a band of cliffs that dropped off to a steep talus slope, Shenk said. The crew used snowshoes in extremely rugged terrain to reach the site.

Two Yukon males released in 2000 were tracked in the area, so one is likely the father. Males and females are together only during the mating season.

The three kittens found May 31 - two females and a male - were with their mother in what Shenk described as "very classic lynx denning habitat. There were lots of snowshoe hares in the area." Snowshoe hares are the primary prey of lynx, particularly during the winter when other prey species are less abundant.

Shenk said a British Columbian male released in 1999 with distinctive white feet had been documented in the area and there were signs that another male with an inoperable collar was also in the vicinity. Collars stop functioning when the batteries that power them run down.

"The male kitten in the litter has four white feet and the two females have white toes so the British Columbian male is the likely father," she said.

"We believe there may be more females with kittens this spring and we will continue our efforts to confirm more births," Shenk said.

The DOW has released 167 lynx in Colorado since the program began in 1999. Up to 50 more lynx will be released next year with another 15 each in 2006 and 2007, said Scott Wait, the DOW's area biologist in southwestern Colorado.

"We are already working with officials in several Canadian provinces to arrange for the trapping and transport of lynx next winter," Wait said. So far, lynx have come from British Columbia, Manitoba, Quebec, the Yukon Territory and Alaska.

Once lynx are captured, they are taken to a private wildlife rehabilitation facility near the San Luis Valley said Chuck Wagner, the area biologist who coordinates DOW efforts while lynx are held until their release.

"The facility has been critical in allowing us to hold lynx so we can be sure they're in peak condition when they are released," Wagner said.

Other major milestones in the effort include:

- confirming that lynx can be successfully held, then released

- lynx finding adequate prey and establishing territories

- mating behavior

- the birth of kittens

- the survival of kittens through their first year.

"We intend to continue this program to reestablish this native species in our state," said Bruce McCloskey, the DOW's acting director. "This recovery effort is the continuation of a century-old effort to protect and restore native wildlife and protect the habitat these species need to survive."

If you would like to make a tax-deductible contribution to the Lynx Restoration Project, visit www. cwhf.info to donate by credit card. Or mail your check or money order to the Colorado Wildlife Heritage Foundation at PO Box 211512, Denver, CO 80221.


Ranger district offers tours of two proposed fuels reduction sites

The Pagosa Ranger District is offering field trips to two proposed fuels-reduction projects, Mill Creek and 8 Mile, on Saturday, June 12.

The Mill Creek tour will start at 9 a.m. and the 8 Mile tour at 1 p.m. Each begins at the Ranger District Office at 180 Pagosa St.

Both projects are designed to reduce small trees and shrubs that serve as "ladder fuels" by carrying a fire from the ground up to the tree crowns.

The proposed Mill Creek project is located approximately eight miles east of Pagosa Springs via the Mill Creek Road (Forest Road 662). The proposal calls for mechanically mowing and shredding Gambel oak, white fir and Douglas fir. Some of the steeper slopes may be treated by hand with chainsaws.

The proposed 8 Mile project is located about eight miles south of Pagosa Springs off the 8 Mile Mesa Road (Forest Road 651). The proposal calls for mechanically mowing and shredding Gambel oak, small pine, and juniper.

Each field trip is expected to last approximately two hours. For more information contact the Pagosa Ranger District at 264-2268.



Water rights

Dear Editor:

The public, especially new residents, should know that if they have an irrigation ditch running through their property, that water has been allocated for shareholders only.

You cannot take water from the ditch by any means.

If you put a culvert well or anything next to a ditch, it will be removed.

CRS 37-86-101 clearly states such ditches have a 10-foot easement through the property for cleaning and maintenance, and operation of the ditch structure.

We, in turn, cannot stop you from getting to your property across the ditch. We just ask that you consult the ditch companies on the size of the culvert you are putting into the ditches, and where.

Gene Crabtree

Peace a necessity

Dear Editor:

As we celebrate Memorial Day I want to ask God to bless and safeguard our troops who in good faith are and have sacrificed for our country and our highest moral values.

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan seem to be never ending.

The issue of peace in the Middle East is not who is more responsible for which deaths of which innocent women or children or even the deaths of committed soldiers/fighters on which side.

True peace in the Middle East is a necessity not an option. The seeds of 9/11 were sown many years ago. Part of the problem of 9/11 and of our lack of resolution in Iraq is the failure of the United States to be an honest broker for peace in Israel and Palestine. A second issue is what appears to be a lack of respect for and understanding of the Arab people and culture.

Bush's foreign policy is a multi-billion dollar train wreck that is costing the blood of our soldiers killed and wounded and of thousands of Arabs and Jews. Sen. John Kerry, Sen. John McCain and Gen. Anthony Zinni, USMC ret. are all Vietnam vets and have Middle East foreign policy experience; we should be listening to them.

In a related note, the Bush Administration is asking Congress for over $11 billion to support continued development of a ballistic missile shield and a new generation of tactical nuclear weapons. We should be spending our time and treasure on addressing the roots of conflict, such as global poverty, economic injustice, disarmament, genocide and an overall lack of human and civil rights.

Congress is home on break; maybe readers need to call Sen. Campbell, 385-9877, Sen. Allard, (970) 245-9553, and Rep. McInnis, 259-2754, to express their concerns.

Raymond P. Finney

Lighten up Pagosa

Dear Editor:

After receiving a phone call from an old friend in Pagosa Springs informing me of the newly proposed smoking ban, I about fell off my chair laughing.

"A smoking ban in Pagosa? Ya' gotta' be kiddin'!" She then sent the article from the Pagosa SUN. Yes, I still smoke, and yes, once upon a time, I did live in good ol' Pagosa Springs; remembering when, and knowing they still do, run every breed of semi out on U.S. 160, jist a' smokin' away, on their way through town.

And then, from the greater heights of Put Hill, there's always the scent of those oh so magical sulfur springs, assailing the senses and blocking the smell of anything else considered pungent. And now all of a sudden, second-hand smoke's considered a threat? Lighten up Pagosa.

Ruth Allan Raymond

Solvang, Calif.

'Power' play

Dear Editor:

I am writing in response to the article, "LPEA Power Extension Plan Hits a New Dam," published in the Thursday, May 20, 2004, Pagosa SUN. I am one of the property owners in South Shore Estates.

When we purchased our property, we carefully read the PLPOA covenants to ensure no above ground utilities were allowed in the area. We would not have purchased this property if these lines were to be allowed in our area.

I was shocked to learn that LPEA and PLPOA were discussing these plans, when we had been assured that all lines for this project were to be placed underground. I spoke with Mr. Bohl, president of PLPOA on the phone, and more recently read the quotes from both him and Mr. Smith, another member of the board of directors of PLPOA. Their cavalier attitudes toward both the covenants and the spirit of the covenants is unacceptable.

For Mr. Smith to suggest the possibility that LPEA might petition to "condemn the property" in order to avoid compliance with the covenants is disgraceful. For Mr. Bohl to say that "there are already power lines" on Piedra Road is ludicrous. This was similar to the response I received when I telephoned him directly to ask for help from the board to uphold the covenants. Mr. Bohl stated it would affect only a few homeowners, and it was my problem.

Should PLPOA be actively encouraging condemnation of association "green belt" land as a means to this unethical solution? Do homeowners want to allow PLPOA to be able to set a precedent for above ground utilities and condemnation of land in order to avoid its own covenant enforcement responsibilities?

We must act together to ensure that all our properties maintain their beauty and desirability. Many of us moved here to enjoy beautiful Pagosa. We all have the responsibility to maintain this area as best we can.

It is too easy to say, "It's not my problem," in order to avoid the work and difficult choices needed to maintain this lovely area.


Erica Wolf

Community News
Senior News

Celebrate summer with a picnic in the park

By Laura Bedard

SUN Columnist

Hope everyone had a safe and fun Memorial Day weekend.

It is now officially summer at the center and we will be celebrating summer with a picnic in the park, June 18. We serve our lunch in Town Park at noon. More about this next week

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration announced seven risk factors for traffic accidents. One of them is elderly drivers.

Per mile driven, older drivers have higher fatal crash rates than other adult drivers. Elderly drivers over age 75 are 2.1 times more likely to be involved in fatal crashes. Senior drivers may have difficulty negotiating complex traffic situations.

Seniors are more likely to be ticketed for failing to yield, turning improperly and running stop signs and lights. Multiple vehicle accidents at intersections increase with age. Remember, transportation is available on the Senior Bus. Call for details at 264-2167.

Attention snow birds: Remember to renew your membership so you don't miss out on all the great discounts around town. We ask that you stop in between the hours of 11 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. June 4-14. Membership remains at $3.

We haven't forgotten the fathers at our center. Father's Day is June 20, so we will celebrate on the 21st. All fathers, grandfathers and great-grandfathers will be honored at lunchtime. Come in for lunch and celebrate the men in our lives.

We are pleased to have Bonnie from Slices of Nature here 1 p.m. June 7 to show us how to gift wrap on a budget. She will bring small gifts for all participants and you will learn how to make any gift even more special with extra touches. Come and discover Bonnie's secrets.

Our trip to Durango will be June 10. Sign up in the lounge for a chance to "shop 'til you drop." Suggested donation for seniors is $10.

The National Alliance for Caregiving has given us brochures called "Resources for Caregivers 2004." It lists caregiver services and support, and how to care for loved ones with AIDS, ALS, Alzheimer's, cancer, cerebral palsy, diabetes, Parkinson's disease and more. If you would like a copy, come in to the center.

Our senior board meeting will be 1 p.m. June 11 in the lounge.


Friday, June 4 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; MicroSoft Word, 10:30; veteran's benefits, noon

Monday, June 7 - Medicare counseling, 11 a.m.-1:30 p.m.; Bridge for Fun, 1 p.m.; Gift Wrapping on a Budget with Bonnie from Slices of Nature, 1 p.m.

Tuesday, June 8 - Yoga in Motion, 10 a.m.; advanced computer, 10:30; massage, 11

Wednesday, June 9 - Beginning computer, 10:30 a.m.; Canasta, 1 p.m.

Friday, June 11 - MicroSoft Word, 10:30 a.m.; blood pressure check, 11; senior board meeting, 1 p.m.


Friday, June 4 - Roast beef and gravy, baked potato, green beans/mushrooms, whole wheat roll, and citrus cup

Monday, June 7 - Chicken enchiladas, Santa Fe beans, Spanish rice, stewed tomatoes and fruit parfait

Tuesday, June 8 - Tuna sandwich, old fashioned vegetable soup, mixed kiwi salad, and chocolate chip cookie

Wednesday, June 9 - Lasagna, Italian vegetables, tossed salad, breadstick and fruited Jello

Friday, June 11 - Swiss steak, mashed potatoes and onion gravy, Brussel sprouts, whole wheat roll, and strawberries with topping.


Library News

Summer reading program starts Monday

By Lenore Bright

SUN Columnist

The Summer Reading Program starts Monday and will run for four weeks, with the final party on July 7. Children of all ages may participate.

Story hours will be at 10 a.m. on Tuesdays and Fridays.

Genealogy seminar

The new public library in Dove Creek will host Ron Bremer, a professional genealogist who will lecture 10 a.m.-4 p.m. June 5.

Bremer has conducted over 3,000 seminars and specializes in answering questions and helping people with searches.

For more information, contact Claudine Jones, PO Box 607, Dove Creek, CO 81324.

CD, DVD media data

The DVD (commonly known as a digital video disc) holds approximately 10 filing cabinets worth of information.

To put it in perspective, one pulp tree (loblolly pine) equals 10,000 pages of paper or one file cabinet full of papers, or one CD. Pulp trees grow fast for paper or are culled from among the trees grown for lumber.

The CD is over 20 years old, and the DVD is designed to replace the CD. The DVD was not created for document management but rather for movies to replace the video tapes just as the CD was developed to replace music tapes. But DVDs are turning into great document depositories. DVDs can store six to 25 times the documents than a CD. A CD can store 10,000 scanned pages. A DVD can store over 80,000. All businesses needing to store information will be turning to this promising technology.

DVDs can handle more types of materials, and the DVD will soon totally displace the CD. New cars are coming out with only CD players, no tapes. Probably one should ask for a DVD player in the new car. (Are they making such things?)

The CD was funded by the music industry. The DVD will unify the PC (personal computer), and the TV. It supposedly has a life span of another 10 years before being displaced by the next new media.

Treat DVDs carefully and do not use audio CD disc cleaners on them. Use no chemical based cleaners or pens. Hot cars are deadly for any type of media. Store between 23 and 86 degrees F. Handle the disc by the edges only if possible.

Friends book sale

Keep the second weekend in August in mind for the Friends of the Library annual meeting and book sale.

The Big Bird sit

All Audubon members and their families are invited to the first Colorado Rendezvous early next fall, at the historic Mt. Princeton Hot Springs Resort located near Buena Vista. The information-filled program will start Sept. 30 and will include Oct. 3 field trips to habitat sites; speakers, special events, and will end with a unique "bird sit" to do a count.

Space is limited for this unusual educational opportunity. For more information, ask for a copy of the handout at the library or go to the Audubon web site. (Auduboncolorado.org).

If you want to landscape by integrating native species and inviting birds, butterflies and wildlife into your yard, consider joining the Audubon At Home program at ecomfort@audubon.org.


The building fund continues to grow with gifts from Biz Greene, Rocky Mountain Reefs and Ponds, Nan Rowe, Jim and Margaret Wilson. Also, Don and Beverly Luffel in memory of Paul Cronkhite.

Thanks for materials from Marge R. Jones, Michael Degree, Barb Hohage, Sandra Allen, Kathy Perry, Paul Matlock and Marjorie Nevitt.


Chamber News

Chamber markets Pagosa to the Front Range

By Sally Hamiester

SUN Columnist

Folks, you need to know that when we who write weekly columns for The SUN are asked to create two columns in one week, some redundancy will occur regardless of who is writing and what is taking place.

As much as we would dearly love to produce all new material for you, time restrictions make that impossible for me, so please bear with me if you feel you might have read these same or very similar words last week. You're probably right on the mark.


We hope you caught our ad in the Denver Post Sunday Edition Travel section featuring a southwest Colorado tour that "makes a perfect family vacation."

This acts as a little reminder that the Chamber is making good on our promise to do more aggressive marketing in the Front Range area.

Elk Foundation banquet

The San Juan Chapter of the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation will hold its annual banquet this Saturday, June 5, at the Extension Building located at the Fairgrounds beginning at 5:30 p.m.

Tickets for this ever-popular event are available at $70 per couple or $50 for a single and includes your meal and the annual Elk Foundation membership.

If you purchase your tickets on or before June 4, you will receive the opportunity to purchase a "buy one, get one free" on the raffle tickets.

As always, you can count on good food and good fun for a good cause. That good cause would be the $2,000 raised last year for a scholarship just awarded to Ashli Winter to help her with her pre-veterinary studies at Fort Lewis College. Please plan to attend this fun-filled evening, and if you need more information, you can call Fran Bohl at 731-5903.

Lamp post adoptions

There's still time to adopt your lamp post, kids, and plenty of names left from which to choose. Among the ones taken are Sister Sue, Lola, Lampkin, D.J. and Michael. I have ordered a few extras, so feel free to adopt one or two.

The adoption process is the simplest one ever conceived and requires only a check for $225 to get the ball rolling. This price includes the flag, the brackets and the end ball, and each flag will boast a colorful Potentilla design. You need to fill out an adoption form claiming the gender of your lamp post and naming same. Your name and the lamp post's name will appear on a plaque which will be prominently placed in the Visitor Center, and you will receive our undying gratitude. We ask that you "parent" for two years just in case the flag or post falls ill and needs some attention. Give us a call at 264-2360 with questions.

Great Date Auction

Tomorrow night is the Great Date Auction event at Montezuma's Vineyard. The Rising Stars of Pagosa Springs invite you to join them for this unique fund-raiser from 6-9 p.m. which includes live music, hors d'oeuvres buffet and an auction which includes not only great dates but packages for a singles night out and parents night out with babysitter.

Tickets for this event can be purchased at the Rising Stars Center for $15 for singles and $25 for couples. Sounds like a million laughs to me, and you can call 731-5437 or 731-0361 for more information on how to become an auction item.

New Trails

Children of all ages are invited to participate in the Ruby Sisson Library summer reading program, "Discover New Trails at Your Library."

This four-week program offers "Pioneers and Covered Wagons," "Trails in the Woods," "Cowboys and Cowgirls" and "Gold Mines and Railroads."

Registration began Tuesday, June 1, and the Story Hour begins Tuesday, June 8, at 10 a.m. and continues through Friday, July 2. The program will include contests, prizes, a live pony, a dance and music presentation, a model railroad and a gold miner. Also included will be an ongoing Archuleta County Scavenger Hunt.

Be sure to register for this fun and informative summer program at the library or give Barb Draper a call at 264-2209 with questions.

Chair Event

If you have been in any of our local banks recently, you have surely noticed the beautifully-decorated chairs, desks, stools, rocking chairs and small tables that are accompanied by bidding sheets just crying out for your attention.

These pieces have been embellished by local artists and donated to raise funds for the American Cancer Society in conjunction with the upcoming Relay for Life. You will find them in the banks until June 10 when they will be moved to Town Park for the June 11 auction bidding finale from 6-8:30 p.m. Pick up a one-of-a-kind art piece and donate to a worthy cause all at the same time.

Music in the Mountains

I'm afraid my prediction about selling out has already become a reality on our first Music in the Mountains concert, and the other two concerts are sure to follow suit in rapid order.

Get on down to the Chamber pronto if you would like tickets for the July 30 and/or Aug. 6 performances to be held at BootJack Ranch beginning at 7 p.m. This could very well be the last announcement on these jewels.

If you would like to get on the mailing list for these and all future Music in the Mountains events, call 385-6820 and specify that you want to be on the Pagosa Springs mailing list.

Hanging flower baskets

Well, we have yet another sellout success story on our hanging baskets. We received over 100 requests for these little beauties, and Firma has threatened to do unthinkable things to me if I accept one more order, so I have officially closed down the ordering process.

The folks who are putting the baskets together called this week to say that they have concerns about the wind and dry conditions and will put off delivery until June 16-17 to protect the life of the baskets. If you have ordered a basket, or several, we will call you and confirm delivery to your place sometime before June 16. We always look forward to seeing you when we deliver these bright additions to our summers and this year is no exception.

Country line dancing

You are invited to attend a fun night of dancing at the Community Center on the evening of Saturday, June 5, beginning at 8:30 p.m.

Deb Aspin, the In Step Dance Club director and instructor, will act as DJ, offer instruction in country line dancing and demonstrate country swing, progressive swing and country polka. She will play a wide variety of country music from the old-time tunes to contemporary.

Tickets are $6 for couples and $4 for singles, and wine, beer, coffee and snacks will be served. Instruction will begin at 8:30; the dance will begin at 9 and continue until midnight. If you have questions about the country evening, call Pauline Benetti at 264-4152.

Gather at the pond

Southwest Land Alliance will hold an old-fashioned barbecue and community picnic Saturday, June 12, from 5-8 p.m. in downtown Pagosa next to the Community Center and the wetlands, in a big ol' tent.

Chef Matt will serve a traditional ranch dinner with all the trimmings to accompany beer, wine, music by the Bluegrass Cadillac boys and a pie auction.

Tickets for this festive event can be purchased at Moonlight Books and WolfTracks Coffee Company and Bookstore for a cost of $10 for adults and $6 for children 12 and under.

Proceeds for this event, sponsored by the Town of Pagosa Springs and The Springs Resort, will be used to protect open space, wildlife and family ranching, which is the mission of the Southwest Land Alliance.


I must confess that I am more than impressed with the number of new members and renewals we have garnered in just four days, since I recently welcomed a pretty healthy number on Monday. My hat is off to our membership for being so on top of things. As we have always suspected, you are the best.

Gary and Pamela Brown join us first with an in-home business, the Buffalo Trading Post. With that terrific name, you won't be surprised to learn that Gary and Pamela offer saddles, tack, cowboy hats and Western art. They will be happy to answer your questions at 731-2345 or you can e-mail them at bbsaddles@yahoo.com.

Even though these good folks joined a while back, we are officially welcoming Retha and Harold Kornhaber with The European Cafe, located at 621 Pagosa St. You really must stop in this charming place to see the hand-painted doors and floors and warm furnishings. The European Cafe specializes in European food (Italian, French, etc.) and serves lunch, dinner and now a Sunday brunch buffet along with coffee and tea specialties. You will find them open six days a week until 10 p.m. and closed on Tuesdays. Stop by and say hello or give them at call at 264-3876.

Our renewals this week include Robin and Kristi George with the Chile Mountain Cafe; Jeffrey A. Jewel with Colorado Housing, Inc.; Sandie and Paul Hansen with Sandie's Car Wash; Sharon Robinson with Cool Pines RV Park; Craig Vrazel with Brighton Custom Homes; Bessie Montoya with the Elkhorn Cafe; and Brian Burgon with Land Properties, Inc.


Veteran's Corner

Distinguished Service Cross recipients may warrant upgrade to Medal of Honor

By Andy Fautheree

SUN Columnist

The Archuleta County Veterans Service Office will be closed through June 11 for vacation. I will return June 14.

To schedule the VSO vehicle for VA health care appointments you may call the Archuleta County Commissioners' office, 264-8300. Please see me when I return for questions regarding VA benefits or claims.

Last year I felt very fortunate to be asked to participate in the Korean War Memorial ceremonies in the San Luis Valley. I was an escort for three Congressional Medal of Honor recipients in attendance for the ceremonies.

One of the recipients was of Japanese-American descent and had served during World War II in Europe. He was originally awarded, I believe, a Distinguished Service Cross for his valor during that conflict. Later, it was upgraded to a Medal of Honor by President Clinton after a review of the original award showed there might have been circumstances that were not included to give the higher award.

Hispanic awards

I noticed recently the U.S. Army Human Resources Command is searching for soldiers of Jewish-American and Hispanic-American descent who were awarded the DSC for action between Dec. 7, 1941, and Dec. 12, 2001.

A search through the Library of Congress will be provided to the AHRC Military Awards Branch, which will prepare eligible files for review by the Senior Awards and Decorations Board. If appropriate, a DSC may be upgraded to the Medal of Honor.

DSC to be reviewed

As in previous research efforts, such as those of African-American and Asian-American (as in the example above) DSC recipients, the board will review case histories to determine if omissions at the time may have influenced what awards were approved. Routine time limitations for award recommendations have been waived in these cases. This would also include posthumous awards.

Anyone who has any information of a Hispanic-American or Jewish-American veteran who received a DSC award as outlined above is asked to provide as much of the following information as possible:

To upgrade to MOH, the following is needed:

1. Full name and date of birth of the DSC recipient.

2. The DSC recipient's service number.

3. The theater and command under which the DSC recipient served.

4. The date of the DSC award.

5. The General Orders number under which the DSC was granted.

6. Current contact information for the DSC recipient, or contact information for a surviving family member.

7. Any other information regarding the action that led to the awarding of the DSC.

Photocopies of official documents will be accepted. If you feel you, or someone you know might fit this search please stop by my office for more details. Please bring any and all supporting documents you possess with you.

Durango VA Clinic

The Durango VA Outpatient Clinic is located at 400 South Camino Del Rio, Suite G, Durango, CO 81301; call 247-2214.

For further information

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Veterans Service Office on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, fax is 264-8376, e-mail afautheree@ archuletacounty.org. The office is open from 8 a.m.-4 p.m., Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Arts Line

Summer art camp for kids is underway

By Leanne Goebel

PREVIEW Columnist

Summer Art Camp began June 1 at Pagosa Springs Elementary. Camp is Monday through Friday, 9 a.m.-noon, and continues through the month of June.

Tessie Garcia, Lisa Brown, Mark Brown, and Susan Hogan bring this terrific opportunity for children who love art. Mark Brown will teach Crafts for Boys and Lisa will lead Multicultural Art, Just for Girls. Tessie Garcia will teach Clay'n Around and Susan Hogan will teach Drawing and Painting. Sign up for the entire month or for one day. The daily rate is $15.

Creative courses

Be part of the inaugural Durango Digital Film Institute this summer at Fort Lewis College.

The Office of Extended Studies will be offering a hands-on, four-week course to learn how to write, shoot, edit, produce and act in your own film. The course started June 1 at Fort Lewis College with Dr. Kurt Lancaster teaching.

Your taste buds will be tempted as you master the Art of Chinese Cooking. This one-evening course will be offered at Fort Lewis 6-9 p.m. Thursday, June 17. Albuquerque gourmet chef, Gilda Latzky will teach you all the techniques of preparing a fabulous Chinese meal.

In the first-ever advanced five-day program designed specifically for homebrewers, the Advanced Homebrewing Program takes hobby brewers beyond beer kits and extract brewing into the realm of advanced brewing techniques. And it goes beyond simple classroom instruction. This is a total brewing experience. The course starts Monday, June 21, and ends Friday, June 25.

Spanish for Educators will start Tuesday, June 8, and continue on Tuesdays through July 27. This course will provide educators with the practical skills such as speaking with and understanding students and parents, reading and writing reports, and communication with the Spanish-speaking community on an elementary level. This course is for educators who are not fluent in Spanish.

Join the Office of Extended Studies for the four-week, twice- weekly Casual Geology of the Four Corners Area class. The unique geology course will give you knowledge that will enhance all of your future explorations of our spectacular Four Corners region. The course starts Tuesday, June 8.

For more information or to register call 247-7385. Preregistration for all courses is required.

Artists Alpine Holiday in Ouray is set Aug. 7-14. Early registration deadline is July 15. Artwork must be delivered to Ouray Community Center, 340 6th Ave., Aug. 2, between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.

This year's judge is Ralph W. Lewis, retired professor emeritus of the University of New Mexico. Check out www.ourayarts.org for more information. Or contact DeAnn McDaniel at (970) 325-4372 or Diane Larkin at (970) 325-9821.

Upcoming workshops

Acting Workshop for Teens with Felicia Lansbury Meyer covers three weeks. In her youth workshops, Meyer emphasizes fostering individuality and leadership, as well as teaching the skills necessary to listen, communicate and collaborate.

This workshop will focus on aspects of creating character, using objectives, being present, listening, memorization and blocking in a contemporary scene. There will be an informal presentation of scenes at the end of the session.

The workshop will run 3:30-5:30 p.m. June 7-25 (Monday, Wednesday and Friday) in the community center. The cost is $125. Class size is limited. For more information, contact Pagosa Springs Arts Council, 264-5020 or Meyer, 264-6028.

The Light As Color Foundation will present a color consciousness workshop June 12-13. This is a hands-on experience for artists, healers and those with no experience in either, that will include visual energizers, chakra cleansing, painting, exploration of the seven rays and auric development.

Moonwolf, a color master, color healer, and artist-educator will present this workshop. Registration is limited and the cost is $155 which includes all art materials and camping. For more information or to register e-mail lightascolor@frontier.net or call 264-6250.


Through June 16 - Bonnie Davies and Rita O'Connell art exhibit

June 1-30 - Summer Art Camp for Kids at the elementary school 9 a.m.-noon Monday through Friday

June 7-25 - Teen Acting Class w/Felicia Meyers, all day

June 17 - Photo club meets, 6:30 p.m. in the community center. Speaker Terry Aldahl will discuss filters and what's new in digital photography

June 19 - Third Saturday Workshop, 9:30 a.m.- 3:30 p.m. in the community center

June 22 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m. in the community center

June 26 - Bird house contest

June 27 - Writer's workshop with Jerry Hannah meets at noon

June 28-30 - Amy Rosner, Expressing yourself in Mixed Media workshop, all day

July 1 - Joye Moon reception for the artist at the gallery in Town Park from 5-7 p.m.

July 1-28 - Joye Moon exhibit at the gallery in Town Park

July 5-8 - Joye Moon workshop, Unleashing the Power of Watercolor, all day

July 8 - Photo club, 5:30 p.m.

July 14 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

July 15 - Photo club meets, 6:30 p.m. in the community center

July 15-31 -Batik and Screamers papier maché workshop

Aug. 5-31 - Watercolor exhibit with Denny Rose, Ginnie Bartlett and watercolor students

July 27 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m.

Aug. 11 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Aug. 12 - Photo club, 5:30 p.m.

Aug. 11-13 - Basics II, Denny and Ginnie watercolor workshop

Aug. 15 - Home and Garden Tour, noon-5 p.m.

Aug. 16-21 - Cynthia Padilla, botanical art workshop

Aug. 21 - Third Saturday Workshop, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Sept. 11-12 - Colorado Arts Consortium The Business of Art an Art pARTY

Sept. 17-19 - Juried art exhibit for PSAC Members


Boosters to present Rodgers revue

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

This summer, The Pagosa Springs Music Boosters will present an original musical revue featuring the music of Richard Rodgers, with lyrics by Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein II.

These are the creators of some of the most acclaimed music of the 20th Century, including such works as "Babes in Arms," "Pal Joey," "Oklahoma," "Carousel," "South Pacific, "The King and I" and "The Sound of Music."

An enthusiastic company of over 50 singers and dancers, directed by Dale Morris, is already deep into rehearsals. Many are finding it just as rewarding to discover Rodgers' work from the '20s and '30s for the first time as it is to revisit their favorites from "Oklahoma" to the "Sound of Music."

Sets are being designed and constructed, costumes are being gathered and sewn, while musicians are assembling and rehearsing. All these elements will come together to present a beautifully staged journey into the nostalgia of American musical theater.

Performances start at 7:30 p.m. in the Pagosa Springs High School auditorium on the evenings of July 8, 9 and 10.

Reserved seat tickets can be purchased at the Plaid Pony, 731-5262. Prices are $12 for adults, $10 for seniors, and $6 for children.


Portable dance floor due soon

By Mercy Korsgren

Special to The PREVIEW

The big question at the community center these days is whether the new portable dance floor will arrive in time for the dance Saturday, June 5.

The order has been placed and a rush put on it, but there are no guarantees. The funds for this major purchase come from the proceeds of the circus last month. Staff at the community center and the town worked hard; the community responded with a great attendance and soon we will have a dance floor for the community's enjoyment.

That's how it should work.

With or without a new floor, Saturday's dance will be a swingin' event. Deb Aspen, In Step Dance Club director and instructor, will DJ the event. Deb will offer instruction in country line dancing and demonstrations in country western swing, progressive swing and country polka.

Tickets are $6 for couples and $4 for singles. Wine, beer, coffee and snacks will be served. Instruction in line dancing will start at 8:30 p.m.; the dance will start at 9 and end at midnight.

Deb's country music ranges from the old-time '60s sound to the contemporary beat. Everyone will find something to groove to. Get your friends together and come on down to the community center for a fun night of music and dancing. Remember boots and hats are fine but no spurs.

It's too early for details but mark your calendars for another community center event 7-9 p.m. Tuesday, June 29.

As a prelude to the Fourth of July celebration the center will sponsor a collaboration of several community organizations of all ages and a visiting youth choir from (a surprise) to lead the crowd in a community patriotic sing-along.

The community at large will be invited to contribute to a dessert potluck and the center will provide beverages. More details to follow.

Community center staff invites users of the center to submit particularly good quality photos taken during past events for potential inclusion in publications.


Teen Center plans Pagosa Idol contest

By Karen Carpenter

Special to The PREVIEW

The teens at the center have been enjoying summer vacation. We have parties, Nintendo 64 competitions, pool tourneys, movies, Nerf softball, Frisbee contests and of course basketball, food and socializing.

We are in the planning stages of a Pagosa Idol contest, dance contest ('50s through hip hop) and outdoor adventure trips. Of course our Teen Center logo contest is still going on.

The June advisory board meeting is at 5:30 p.m. today.

On Friday, June 4, we are meeting at the Paintball Palace to have paintball competitions 6-9 p.m. We encourage the teens to come and play. All equipment, referees and dinner will be included. As much as we would like to host this event, our budget prohibits this.

Teens are asked to bring $13 to help cover costs.

We will be having Frisbee volleyball June 7-11.

We'll have card games, special music selections and basketball June 11, and our Friday movie night will feature "Timeline." Dinner will be hot dogs and fruit.

This thrill-packed movie is about a group of present-day archaeology students who travel back to the violent Middle Ages to rescue their professor. It is rated PG13.

The Teen Center is located in the community center on Hot Springs Boulevard and is open weekdays 1-8 p.m. Phone 264-4152.


Acting workshop for teens will begin June 7

Are you interested in acting?

Do you want to learn how to develop character through improvisation? Would you like to communicate better with other actors?

Then join Felicia Lansbury Meyer at the Teen Acting Workshop, for ages 13 and up, June 7 - 25, Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays at the Community Center from 3-5:30 p.m.

Lansbury Meyer has performed onstage in New York, Los Angeles, and Europe, and has appeared in numerous television roles. She received her M.F.A. in directing from the American Film Institute, where she directed the award-winning short film, "Desert Snow." Last March, she directed "An Evening of Shorts - Revelations" for FoPA.

In this workshop students will be assigned a contemporary scene, wherein they will explore aspects of building a character, blocking, using objectives and the skills necessary to listen. No acting experience is required. The workshop will culminate with an informal presentation for parents and friends.

Space is limited. The cost of the workshop is $125. For more information, contact the Pagosa Springs Arts Council 264-5020.


Food for Thought

Beware the snorfing Scofflaws

By Karl Isberg

SUN Columnist

Violently ill.

You've heard people use the expression. There's a good chance you've used it.

"I was violently ill."

Granted, all of us get sick. Some of us get very sick, gravely so. But not always violently so. It is rare to get violently ill, naturally. And very rare to be in such a condition for any length of time.

When it happens, this violently ill, it is enlightening, putting you square against the stark fact of your physical existence - similar to getting the stuffing beat out of you, being in a bad car crash, falling a significant distance only to hit a highly resistant surface. I've had these things happen to me. I recognize them as touchstones.

I've also been violently ill.

(I'm sure, at this point, dear reader, you might be wondering why you should go any further. Please, bear with me.)

According to my copy of The American College Dictionary, "ill" means "physically disordered." That same dictionary provides this definition for "violent": "acting with or characterized by uncontrolled, strong, rough force."

Put the two words together and you have me, two weeks ago.

Picture this: I'm in Las Vegas with a group of profound miscreants and we are having a fat time of it. We're waddling hither and yon, gambling, enjoying numerous refreshing potions, chowing down whenever and wherever the urge hits. Three of us flew to Vegas from Albuquerque after driving to The Duke City from Pagosa.

On that drive, in the throes of an accelerating party mood, I pay scant notice to the fact our driver - let's call him The Scofflaw - is snorfing and snuffling throughout the drive. That's four hours or so in a closed car with a snorfing Scofflaw. That's a long time.

The omen is flush in my face. As with so many things, I am oblivious to it.

The next night, we enjoy a wonderful dinner at Commander's Palace then we saunter down The Strip from the Aladdin to the Tropicana. Everything seems perky.

The next morning, the trouble begins. After breakfast at a cafe at the MGM Grand, we take a trip to Mandalay Bay to watch The Preakness at the Sports Book. Scofflaw ambles along but, as we make our way to the tram, he begins to feel a bit peaked. He deserts us at Mandalay Bay, scurrying away from the Sports Book with nary a word, disappearing into the milling crowd of race enthusiasts and large, gold-laden folks in town for a championship prizefight.

When we finally get back to our hotel, another companion - let's call him The Bank - and I adjourn to a room he shares with The Scofflaw. We're looking for another round of refreshing libations.

We arrive to find The Scofflaw stripped down to T-shirt and boxer shorts, (a distressing sight in the best of circumstances) flat on his back on his bed, moaning and telling a tale of woe. He has been hurling at max velocity since he arrived at the room. He's been violently ill.

"How ya feelin' now?" we ask as we throw back a few frightfully strong gin and tonics, with key lime.

"Well," says The Scofflaw, "I think I'm doin' better now. I'm really, really cold, and I can't stop shivering, but I think I'm getting better." With that, he tumbles from the bed and heads for the bathroom to hug his porcelain pal.

Of course, I've missed another clear portent. That's the way it is with key lime.

Later that night, after a notable session at the blackjack table, I receive word The Bank is down. Same symptoms: The horrifying, rocket-assisted expulsion of the entire contents of the stomach, chills, extraordinary fatigue. The Bank and The Scofflaw are reportedly semiconscious, unable to leave their increasingly noxious digs.

The toll rises as the evening passes. The Barkeep staggers back to his room after downing a bratwurst. In no time, he has his PJs on, is under two blankets (this is Las Vegas, folks) and is shivering like he's stranded naked in a snow bank.

The Land Shark and I are the only two left standing. We have a couple refreshing beverages and carry on.

I feel fine.

At about two in the morning, the beast bites The Shark. The unspeakable gastric chaos that occurs in his hotel room precipitates a major league tip to the maid the next afternoon.

I'm doing well, and continue to do so throughout my stay in Sin City.

The Scofflaw, The Bank and I jet back to Albuquerque and drive to Pagosa. It is a subdued experience; my companions are mighty quiet, movin' and thinkin' slow.

Me, I remain dense as a brick, unmindful of the realities of infectious disease, unprepared for the inevitable.

Infection is a funny thing, don't you think? Invisible as it approaches, it's perfectly obvious once it occurs.

Here's the way I see it in this case.

The Scofflaw is the Typhoid Mary of the group. He'd been messing around in Italy for a couple weeks. He returns home, he's jet-lagged and beat up, then he goes to Texas, traveling in corrupt territory, and he contracts a nasty virus - perhaps from an Asian chicken, a rogue cow pony, the Dallas Cowboy cheerleaders, maybe from a green tree monkey. It's hard to pinpoint the source, given the deplorable company the man keeps.

During our motor trip to The Duke City, the Scofflaw snorfs and churgles and blows the virus all over The Bank. So, he's got it. Once ensconced in their hotel room, the two prepare refreshing potables for The Shark and The Barkeep who tipple wantonly, allowing the nasty viral demon to make its evil way to new hosts. The Shark and The Barkeep then topple like bowling pins hit by the big, bad bug ball.

Being the idiot I am, I think I am free and clear, though I've had dealings with all four infectoids. I am, in fact, proud of myself, crediting Nordic genes and a healthy lifestyle for my good fortune. I go to work Monday and labor through the day.

By the end of the day, I'm feeling a tad warm. By that evening, I am not at all comfy. So much for the gene theory.

Tuesday I drive to the office and struggle, my stomach cramping, the chills rattling me like a cheap maraca.

Then, in an instant of brute recognition, I realize I must leave. Immediately. Something awful is going to happen that shouldn't happen at work - an event so hideous it should occur only in the privacy of my own home.

"I think I need a nap. If I'm not back by one," I say, cavalierly, "call me at home and wake me up."

I rocket home, stumble down the hallway into the bathroom.

And I am "violently ill."

Numerous times. I'd tell you exactly how many times, but I lost my ability to count when I hit five.

I crawl across the hallway to the bedroom, disrobe and collapse on the bed.

Ten minutes later, I am curled in the fetal position on the bathroom floor, crying for my mommy.

Except for brief periods of consciousness when I raise myself off the floor to make a deposit, I am totally out of it until I wake Wednesday morning.

This is the kind of illness where you imagine an alien has been gestating in your stomach and is attempting to burst to daylight through your esophagus. And it is bringing the rest of its family with it. How sick is this? Imagine being cast to the very gates of the Beastmaster's fiery domain and being denied entrance because you're a health risk.

By Friday, I am halfway back to normal. The worst is over, enough so I can recollect what has occurred and realize I don't remember ever being this sick.

The virus saved me for last. Apparently a virus can have a sense of humor.

Now, you ask, where is this going? You've endured a fairly vivid description of a disgusting episode and you thought you were going to read a column about food.

First, let me remind you I mentioned a dinner at Commander's Palace (mine included a rich seafood stew served with a cake of basmati rice). I used the word "bratwurst."

There is more.

When you are violently ill, nothing is going to rid you of the mojo. But you need to get something into your system; you're dehydrating at a fierce pace, the mouth is dry, you need refreshment, a reason to live.

Let's face it, broth is not going to do the trick; it's too much like food, and food is the last thing you want. There is, thankfully, something that can soothe you, if only temporarily - a substance that emits a golden aura, remains desirable, the Mother Theresa of balms.

It is a potable from my past, something my physician father prescribed.

Ginger ale. The ultimate sipper when you're sick.

They say ginger has medicinal properties, especially when it comes to stomach problems. Carbonation helps, as does the wonderful coolness of a bubbly elixir.

That's all that went into my ravaged system for three days. Ginger ale.

When all else failed - Kathy and Arnie, my yellow Lab, refused to come near me for three days, so I found no solace in them - there was ginger ale.

To experience the peak ginger ale experience, the store-bought variety must be set aside for a version made at home. As with nearly all homemade-versus-commercial comparisons, the ginger ale made in your own kitchen wins, hands down.

All you need is a quart of very cold club soda, fresh ginger, lemon peel, water and sugar.

The brew begins with ginger syrup. For a quart of ale, peel and hack up a cup or so of fresh ginger. Purchase firm ginger, with a taut, light brown skin. Use a vegetable peeler and produce a swatch of lemon peel, maybe five inches long. Put the ginger and lemon peel in a saucepan and add about a cup and a third of water.

Bring the mix to a boil, then slowly boil until it is reduced by at least a third. Add about a cup and a quarter of sugar (less if you desire) and continue to slowly boil for another 15 minutes or so, until you have a syrup. Taste it. Adjust if necessary. The ginger taste will be "hotter" to the taste than commercial ginger ale.

Cool the syrup.

Put some crushed ice in a tall glass. Fill two-thirds full with cold club soda and add syrup to taste. Stir, and enjoy.

Don't waste it if you're violently ill. If you're sick, drink the stuff from the store and be thankful you're able to lift the glass to your lips. Keep a glass full of the industrial ale in the bathroom for help after those extra special moments.

When you're finally well, though, whip up your own brew. Add some bourbon. Enjoy a refreshing beverage.

And stay your distance from snorfing Scofflaws.


Cruising with Cruse

Taking a hike? Watch for glacial morraines

By Katherine Cruse

SUN Columnist

People focus on different things when they hike. When I hiked with several other women recently, it was the flowers that held our attention. We stopped often. We pointed them out to each other.

Wildflowers were everywhere. On this particular hike out to the cabin at Turkey Springs, we identified fairy candelabra (I love the name of that one), Oregon grape, and violets (which a friend's children used to insist were "violents," or maybe that's "violence"). Spring beauty was everywhere.

The serviceberry blossoms flashed white. The iris were about to bloom. There was a plant with yellow flowers that look like tiny snapdragons.

There was a low-to-the-ground pink flower with eight petals, that in some areas covered the ground. "Don't help me, I know this one," said a couple of my companions. "It's a girl's name and it starts with L." When I finally said that it looked a lot like something my flower book called Siskiyou Lewisia, one of them cried, "That's it! Louisa!" Well, close.

And we saw lots of sugarbowl plants. Basically the flower looks like a vase hanging upside down at the end of the slender stalk. The flower is a purple-brown color. It's also known as leatherplant, because the petals that make up the bowl are tough and leathery.

Other people pay more attention to the terrain than the flowers. Hotshot always likes to know where he is, and what the name of that mountain over there is. He stops often to refer to the topo map.

If identifying wildflowers or reading maps isn't your bag, here's something else to look for on a hike: glacial moraines.

Moraines? What are they? My Random House dictionary gives two definitions for moraine. First, it's a ridge, mound, or irregular mass of boulders, gravel, sand and clay, transported in or on a glacier. Second, it's a deposit of such material left on the ground by a glacier.

Before now, I thought moraines were only in places like Indiana, Ohio, New York State, Minnesota, Michigan, and anywhere else that was the southern edge of the great Laurentian Ice Sheet that covered what is now the eastern half of Canada and carved out the Great Lakes. I thought a moraine was hills in the flat land.

So where are the moraines in Pagosa Country? Lots of places, it turns out.

You can find them in the lower slopes of the San Juan mountains. These are much more subtle than the big eastern and Midwestern moraines. Our glaciers weren't huge, two mile thick sheets of ice. They formed in the high country during those geologic times when snowfall exceeded the summer melt. Because of the mountainous terrain, we had a lot of little glaciers instead of one big one.

During the peak glacial periods the tops of the mountains poked out above the ice. The top of Pagosa Peak, for instance, shows no signs of glacial activity, no scraping of the rocks.

The glaciers in our mountains sculpted out basins in the high country and flowed down what are now major drainages areas like the Blanco and the East Fork, the West Fork and Four Mile and Turkey Creek drainages.

And that's where you find the moraines. If you set out on the Four Mile Trail you'll cross three different moraines in the first mile or two. Tom McCullough, who has mapped a lot of the moraines around here, showed me the moraines on a hike a couple of weeks ago.

Just like the dictionary said, they're ridges with lots of rocks of all different sizes, from enormous boulders the size of HumVees to small gravel.

The rocks represent different kinds of stone, and some are much older and thus more weathered and pitted than others.

You probably remember that the beginning of the Four Mile Trail is basically downhill. You go over the top of the oldest, and highest, moraine, down a little bit, up a little bit and over the top of the second moraine, down some more and then over the third one and down to the creek level. That's the youngest of the three, and it dates to about 20,000 years ago. That would be the end of the last local ice age. The oldest one of these three moraines was deposited by a glacier about 150,000 years ago.

Glacier dating is kind of relative. Pollen or bits of organic material in the moraine can give a date. Once the geologists are pretty certain about the age of one glacier, or series of glaciers, they can date others in the region by comparing similarities and locations in the geologic strata.

The Four Mile moraines are lateral moraines, meaning that they were deposited along the sides of the glacier as it moved down the valley. The image that works for me is a bulldozer, scooping up material and pushing it out to the sides as it moves along. So, although you hike over the moraine, it's really stretching way out on both sides of the trail.

There's also something called outwash, which might be material carried out and deposited by the water that flows from underneath a glacier. Or it might be deposited at the front end of a glacier as it slows down and begins to retreat.

There's another clue that a ridge is a glacial moraine. The glacier side of the ridge is steeper than the other side. Think of that bulldozer pushing dirt and rock up and along to form a ridge. The ridge will be steeper on the bulldozer side and will slope away more gradually on the side away from the bulldozer.

When you're on the trail, you have to also remember that although the bottom of the glacier was somewhere below you, it wasn't as far below as Four Mile Creek is now. And the top of it was somewhere above you, but we don't really know how thick the ice was.

All of this takes concentration and a little imagination too. But I urge you to give it a try on your next hike out that way. Remember, look for ridges with one side steeper than the other and rocks of all kinds and sizes, but especially big ones lying around or poking just a little bit out of the ground.

Think how impressed your friends will be.


Local Chatter

Pagosa parents proud of three Marines

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist

When a Pagosa Springs family has five sons and three of them are in the United States Marine Corps, it makes for good copy this Memorial Day week.

Joel, Patrick and Sam are the sons of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Lomasney who have been residents of Pagosa Springs since 1988.

Joel whose full name is Joel Michael Lomasney graduated from the University of Kansas last week. He will be commissioned in September and has been accepted into flight school. He will fly jets. He plans to make the USMC a career.

Patrick Martin Lomasney will graduate next year from the University of Missouri with a degree in math/marketing. He's been accepted into flight school to train to fly jets and he, too, intends to make a career with the USMC.

Samuel Parish Lomasney is attending Central Washington State University studying business/real estate. He is in the USMC Reserves but doesn't intend to pursue a USMC career after graduation.

The Lomasneys are extremely proud of their sons for their desire to serve the country - Jane quotes St. Ignatius Loyola who preached, "A man for all men" - instead of just their monetary well being!

All the boys have been educated by Jesuits at their parents' insistence. But Patrick and Sam wanted to attend Pagosa schools one year and so they spent the 1995-96 school year here. Sam was in junior high and Patrick was a freshman at the high school. They made many friends.

About railroads

Does Archuleta County still have any active railroads? Most would probably say no, not since the Rio Grande pulled up its tracks through Pagosa Junction in the late 1960s. But that's wrong. About a mile of the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad from Chama to Antonito passes through the southeast tip of our county. The C&TS started its season Memorial Day weekend, running trips every day except Friday through October. It is a spectacular 64-mile trip behind vintage narrow gauge steam locomotives, through firs and aspens over Cumbres Pass, along 600-foot deep Toltec Gorge, across two high trestles and into the sagebrush of the San Luis Valley. I'm told the food at the lunch stop high in the mountains is great. So, go and ride Archuleta County's own railroad this summer.

Fun on the run

"So, what's the matter?" the woman asked. "I thought you just got back from a nice relaxing fishing trip with your husband."

"Oh, everything went wrong. First he said I talked so loud I would scare the fish.

"Then he said I was using the wrong bait; and then that I was reeling in too soon.

"All that might have been all right; but then, to make matters worse, I ended up catching the most fish!"


Extension Viewpoints

Seven super steps for safe summer food

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Today, June 3 - 4-H Entomology, Extension office, 12:30 p.m.; 4-H Oil Painting, Minor residence, 4:30; Livestock Committee meeting, Extension office, 5:45; Shady Pine, Extension office, 7 p.m.

Friday, June 4 - Colorado Mountaineers, Extension office, 2:15 p.m.; 4-H Goat, Extension office, 3 p.m.

Monday, June 7 - 4-H Sports Fishing, Extension office, 4 p.m. 4-H Dog Obedience, Extension office, 4 p.m.

Tuesday, June 8 - Rocky Mountain Riders, Extension office, 6 p.m.; 4-H Swine, Extension office, Exhibit hall, 6; 4-H Lamb, Exhibit hall, 7

Wednesday, June 9 - Junior Stockman, Chromo, 7 p.m.

During the summer months, it is especially important to take extra precautions and practice safe food handling when preparing perishable foods such as meat, poultry, seafood and egg products.

The warmer weather conditions may be ideal for outdoor picnics and barbecues but they also provide a perfect environment for bacteria and other pathogens in food to multiply rapidly and cause foodborne illness.

Follow the suggestions below to Fight BAC!® (foodborne bacteria) and reduce the risk of foodborne illness this summer:

1. Wash, Wash, Wash Your Hands (as in Row, Row, Row Your Boat)

Always, wash your hands with hot, soapy water before and after handling food.

2. Marinating Mandate

When marinating for long periods of time, it is important to keep foods refrigerated. Don't use sauce that was used to marinate raw meat or poultry on cooked food. Boil used marinade before applying to cooked food.

3. Hot, Hot, Hot

When grilling foods, preheat the coals on your grill for 20 to 30 minutes, or until the coals are lightly coated with ash.

4. Temperature Gauge

Use a meat thermometer to insure that food reaches a safe internal temperature.

5. Where's the Beef? Chicken and Fish?

Hamburgers should be cooked to 160º F, while large cuts of beef such as roasts and steaks may be cooked to 145º F for medium rare or to 160º F for medium. Cook ground poultry to 165° F and poultry parts to 170° F. Fish should be opaque and flake easily.

6. Stay Away from that Same Old Plate

When taking foods off the grill, do not put cooked food items back on the same plate that previously held raw food.

7. Icebox Etiquette

A full cooler will maintain its cold temperatures longer than one that is partially filled so it is important to pack plenty of extra ice or freezer packs to insure a constant cold temperature.

For more information go to www.fightbac.org or call us at the Extension office, 264-5931.


Pagosa Lakes News

Martinez Canyon Trail plan needs you, and you and ...

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

Durango has more trails than anywhere else I've been. They're also easily accessible. Who doesn't value not having to get into the car and drive?

Durango's success with trails building and maintenance is due in large part to grass root effort. Durango is the home of Trails 2000, a non-profit trail advocacy organization that has 1,700 members who collectively logged 5,246 volunteer hours in 2001. The result is nearly 60 miles of maintained trails and five miles of new routes.

Trails 2000 could serve as a model for our community. Things are happening and this past fall the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association received an environmental assessment approval from the San Juan National Forest district for construction of a non-motorized trail in Martinez Canyon.

The process was a lengthy three-year study of the area to determine if a trail into the canyon was a viable and beneficial option. It turns out that it is.

The work of trail building doesn't just take place out in the woods with gloves, sweat, shovels and pickaxes. PLPOA's Larry Lynch's ability to cut through red tape associated with building trails in national forest land is a credit to local continued political advocacy. Thank you, Larry, for your vision and hard work.

If any of you have been in Martinez Canyon you know that it is a special place that offers a lot of beauty very close to home (Katherine Cruse's column last Thursday touched on that). You also will know that there is a short piece of trail that starts near the Lake Forest subdivision and goes down into the canyon. One trail goes back up the other side and another trail ends a short way into the canyon. Beyond that point it is a brush hack to get much further down the canyon.

PLPOA would like to extend that trail in both directions; connecting with Stevens Draw on the southern end and then up the canyon to North Pagosa Boulevard at the northern end of the canyon. Total distance of the trail would be somewhere around five miles.

Plans are also being made to eventually build four parking area/trail heads along the trail system in large green belts. Currently there isn't much in the way of parking for those wishing to walk in the canyon. Starting this year, a small parking area will be prepared near the Dutton Draw and North Pagosa Boulevard access point, near the horse stables.

Now comes the classic catch we can't ignore. There is no funding for this proposed trail construction project. It will have to be built entirely through volunteer efforts. There's where we need your help.

The Pagosa Area Trails Council, a growing and active non-profit trail proponent group, is helping to coordinate this trail effort. The hope is to develop a core group of volunteers, "Friends of Martinez Canyon," to help construct this trail. It would involve donating a couple of Saturday mornings and getting involved with the volunteer effort. The payoff would be that in a couple of years we would have a multi-use trail with an ability to cater to a variety of user groups - from equestrians, hikers/walkers to mountain bikers, with proximity of access to the trails in the canyon and beyond. A whole network of diverse and extensive trail system in Turkey Springs can be accessed from the Martinez Canyon trail.

As the population grows, we will have more use and more chances for conflict. The more trails there are, the more the different user groups can spread out.

The Pagosa Area Trails Council has a tool stash for building trails which include pulaskis, pick mattocks, McCleod tools, rock bars and shovels. Trail building can be a very rewarding activity. Our trail days are always fun and definitely productive. Lunch is provided and volunteers are asked to bring work gloves, water, sunscreen and a good pair of work boots.

Please contact Lynch at the PLPOA office to get involved in the Martinez Canyon Trail system (731-5635). Now is your turn to work - don't assume that others will assume the task.

We need all the help we can get. Larry would like to create a list of lots of volunteers he can call before each work day, and even yif our schedule will not allow you to help on all the work days, any and all help you can give would be hugely appreciated.

Bring the children to the Kid's Fishing Derby tomorrow. The action will begin at 9 a.m. at Hatcher Lake. Lunch will be served at noon and plenty of prizes will be awarded to participants.

Be there, be on time, be prepared with gear and bait and the fish, food and fun will be all yours at no cost whatever.

If you have unanswered questions, please call the PLPOA administrative office at 731-5635 or the recreation center at 731-2051.



Jacob Scott MacVeigh, the first child of Dan and Sheri MacVeigh, was born April 14, 2004, at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. The young man weighed 6 pounds, 11.8 ounces and was 19 inches long. Grandparents are Scott and Joy Mathis of Durango and Richard and Arleen MacVeigh of Louisville, Ky.



Charles F. McCoy

Charles Frederick McCoy, 86, died Thursday, May 27, 2004, at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. Longtime residents of Pagosa Springs, the McCoys have wintered in Wickenburg, Ariz., during the past few years.

Mr. McCoy was born November 14, 1917 in Independence, Mo., the son of Henry B. and Helen Borthwick McCoy. He married Donna Kathleen Kilmer on Nov. 21, 1942. in N. Kansas City, Mo.

He was preceded in death by his father Henry and his mother Helen. He is survived by his wife Donna, two sons Charles McCoy, Jr. of Sacramento, Calif., and Robert McCoy of Wickenburg, Ariz., a daughter Martha Ness of Tucson, and five grandchildren.

Cremation took place at Hood Mortuary Crematory in Durango.


Business News

Kari Anne Blodgett

Kari Anne Blodgett of Pagosa Springs was one of 835 seniors to receive a degree during May 22 commencement at Samford University, Birmingham, Ala.

Miss Blodgett received a bachelor of arts degree.


Brian Hart

Air Force Airman Brian R. Hart has graduated from basic military training at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas.

During the six weeks of training, the airman studied the Air Force mission, organization, and military customs and courtesies; performed drill and ceremony marches, and received physical training, rifle marksmanship, field training exercises, and special training in human relations.

In addition, airmen who complete basic training earn credits toward an associate degree through the Community College of the Air Force.

Hart is the son of Bobby and Debby Hart of Pagosa Springs and is a 2003 graduate of Pagosa Springs High School.


Kari Anne Blodgett

Kari Anne Blodgett of Pagosa Springs was one of 835 seniors to receive a degree during May 22 commencement at Samford University, Birmingham, Ala.

Miss Blodgett received a bachelor of arts degree.

In Memoriam

William P. Lynn

To our Dad, William P. Lynn~


Dad ... so many images come to mind

Whenever we speak your name;

It seems without you in our life

Things have never been the same.

What happened to those lazy days

When we were just a child;

When our life was consumed in you

In your love, and in your smile?

What happened to all those times

When we always looked to you?

No matter what happened in our life

You could make our gray skies blue.

Dad, some days we hear your voice

And turn to see your face;

Yet in our turning ... it seems

The sound has been erased.

Dad, who will we turn to for answers

When life does not make sense?

Who will be there to hold us close

When the pieces just don't fit?

Oh, Dad, if we could turn back time

And once more hear your voice;

I'd tell you that out of all the dads

You would still be our choice.

Please always know we love you

And no one can take your place;

Years will come and go

But your memory will never be erased.

Today, Jesus, as You are listening

In heaven up above; Please ...

Would you go and find our dad

And give him all our love.

It's been a year since you've left us,

Always remembering, never forgetting, and missing you always,

Love your daughters, Patricia Miller and Kami Lynn.

Sports Page


Annual Fun-Day Rodeo series opens June 20

By Rich Bloom

Special to The SUN

The Pagosa Springs Fun-Day Rodeo Series kicks off another season June 20 with the first of four events at Archuleta County Fairgrounds and Western Heritage Arena.

Contestants can enter any time prior to their age group's starting time. Entries open at 11 a.m. and rodeos start at noon with the 5- and-under age group events to be competed first.

The age groups are 5 and under, 6-8, 9-11, 12-14, 15-19 and 20 and over. Contestant age on June 20 determines the age group for the whole series.

Fees are $5 per event or $15 for the day. Events include barrel race, pole bending, flag race, goat tying, breakaway roping keyhole race, steer stopping, ribbon roping and a separate fun event to be determined on the day of the rodeo.

Daily ribbons are awarded and year-end prizes are awarded for the series high point winners.

The remaining three rodeos in the series will be July 25, Aug. 22 and Sept. 12.

For more information, call Randy Talbot at 731-5204.


Skyhawks will host individual, team basketball camps

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The Fort Lewis Skyhawk men's basketball team will host an Individual Camp each day Monday-Thursday, June 7-10, in Whalen Gymnasium.

The camp will be an all-day affair, starting at 9 a.m. and finishing anywhere between 8 and 10 p.m. beginning at noon Monday, June 7.

This camp is open to boys in grades 6-11. Cost is $275 for boarders and $150 for non-boarders.

The camp features master teachers for both offensive and defensive basketball fundamentals along with enthusiastic coaches from the high school and junior high school ranks.

Other points of emphasis will include camp lectures on education, goal setting, discipline and teamwork. Competition will include 5-on-5, 3-on-3, 1-on-1, three-point shooting and free throw shooting. All contests will be broken down by age and ability.

For more information, contact head coach Bob Hofman at 247-7499 or hofman_r@ fortlewis. edu.

The Skyhawks will also host a high school team camp each day Thursday-Saturday, June 10-12, in Whalen Gymnasium.

Registration deadline is Monday, June 7. Team camp is open to high school teams of any competition level, including varsity teams, junior varsity teams. Cost is $299 per team.

Teams have the option of staying on-campus for an additional $15 per camper. For camp play, teams will be placed in their appropriate competition level and will play a minimum seven games.

Team camp will also include instructional lecture sessions provided by the staff. Some of the lecture topics include education, goal setting, discipline and teamwork. Contests include three-point shooting, free throw shooting and an all-star game. Make reservations as soon as possible because camp space is limited.

Teams can be added after the June 7 registration deadline, but a $25 late fee will be assessed.


Men's golf league uses Stableford high score format

By Rich Broom

Special to The Sun

Normally you win a golf tournament by posting the lowest score - but not in the Stableford Scoring System, where the highest score wins.

In this format, golfers receive points on each hole according to how well the hole is played: eight points for a net double eagle, five points for a net eagle (two under par), two points for birdie (one under par), one point for a net par.

On the minus side, a point is taken away for a net bogey (one over par) or worse. Each golfer's final score is the sum of his points, (plus or minus).

This was the format for the Men's Golf League May 26. Don Ford and Jack Hummel tied for first-place honors at plus 24. Rick Taylor and Ben Lynch tied for third with scores of plus 23. Andy Rice and James Gregory tied at plus 20, Tracy Belarde was seventh at plus 18 and Ray Henslee and David Prokop tied for eighth at plus 15.

Although not common in professional golf, the Stableford System is used in one notable men's PGA event: The Sprint International golf tournament played each year in Colorado at the Castle Pines Golf Club near Denver.

The Men's Golf League is open to golfers of all levels. League dues are $25 per season, payable in the pro shop. Competition begins every Wednesday at 1 p.m. Sign up in the men's locker room before 5 p.m. the Tuesday afternoon before each play date.


Parks & Rec


Hear how biking can change your life

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

Bike riders, walkers, and joggers can join in on the fun we have planned for Friday, June 4.

We will meet at 11:30 a.m. at Town Hall and we plan to ride our bikes from there to JJ's where we will enjoy a buffet lunch.

The guest speaker will be Ruthie Matthes, former world class/Olympic mountain biker.

Matthes will speak on the benefits of biking and how the sport has changed her life. After training hard for many years, she now enjoys biking as a lifelong sport activity and a means of transportation.

Cleanup week

Thanks to all the town and county employees who helped make the annual spring cleanup a success.

This service helps the whole county out with free disposal of yard waste and tons of debris. Again thanks to all.

Adult softball

The Pagosa Springs Parks and Recreation Department held its first managers' meeting May 26 for all teams interested in participating in our adult leagues for the 2004 season.

If you would still like to place a team you must contact Myles Gabel by 5 p.m. today at 264-4151 to reserve a space. We are offering men's, women's and coed leagues this summer. League competition begins the week of June 7.

Hershey challenge

Track athletes, are you ready? The recreation department will hold the Hershey Track and Field Challenge 2 p.m. Tuesday, June 14, before the scheduled youth baseball games at 5:30 p.m.

Hershey's Track and Field Youth Program has grown from a playground meet in Charleston, W.V. to the largest youth sports program of its kind in the United States.

Local winners will travel to Lakewood June 26 to compete for state awards. State winners could be invited to travel to Hershey, Pa. to compete in the national finals.

The track meets' mission is to provide a quality recreation program in which children have fun and are introduced to physical fitness through basic track and field events such as running, jumping and throwing.

Call the recreation department, 264-4151, Ext. 232, for more details!

Rockies Challenge

The Colorado Rockies Baseball Skills Challenge will take place Friday, June 25.

The Challenge is a baseball competition allowing youngsters to showcase their talents in base running, batting and throwing with scores based on speed, distance and accuracy. It is a youth program of the Colorado Parks and Recreation Association with the support provided in the form of a grant through the Colorado Rockies and the Robert R. McCormick Foundation. Age group winners from Pagosa Springs advance to regional competitions. Regional winners advance to a Rockies game and compete for the state championships. Call 264-4151, Ext. 232 for more details.

Youth baseball

Play ball! Youth baseball continues with great team play and beautiful weather. All teams are exhibiting great ability and sportsmanship.

Beginning in early June our teams will add competition from Durango, Bayfield and Ignacio. Come out and root for your teams at the Sports Complex Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Girl's softball

If any girls ages 9-14 are interested in playing softball this summer, call Myles Gabel at 264-4151, Ext. 232, for more details.

We are moving ahead with a season of girl's softball and hope to compete against teams from the surrounding communities in hopes of building this great girl's sports program.

Women's volleyball

The department will offer open gym women's volleyball Wednesday Nights through June. The open gyms will be held in the community center, 6-8 p.m.

Now hiring umpires

Even though our baseball/softball seasons have begun, we are still hiring umpires. Contact Myles Gabel if you are interested. Pay is $15-$25 per game.


Should government act?

One of the most difficult questions faced by elected official and voter alike is the extent to which government should intrude upon the private lives of citizens. Despite naive calls from some for no government intrusion, the reality is that the question is answered differently, depending on the situation. We have several local issues being considered by local officials that illustrate this relativism and they are interesting to contemplate.

First is the move to impose a ban on smoking in public places within the town boundaries of Pagosa Springs. Advocates of the ban rightly cite verifiable health risks in smoking and the increasingly well-established danger of second-hand smoke. Smoking is a lethal and dirty habit. But, is this a situation where local government should act?

Consider the fact the majority of businesses in town - restaurants, for example - have banned smoking. Business owners took the initiative and customers have a choice: If you wish to patronize nonsmoking businesses, opportunities are there; if you wish to smoke or are not bothered by smokers, you have options. The same holds true for motel rooms.

With this in mind, is there a need to enact a blanket ban? Citizens are already taking it on themselves to act in the interest of health and a pleasant aesthetic. Those places where smoking is at its most dangerous - home and automobile - are out of reach of government bans. Here, education continues to be the best weapon; it is working (look at statistics highlighting the last 25 years) and will continue to work over time. Meanwhile, those without concern for their health or the health of their loved ones must bear the responsibility for their choices.

On the other hand, there are situations where government action must occur to protect the well being of the entire community. Such action was taken Tuesday to deal with the prospect of wildland fire, with enactment of a countywide fire ban. In light of the fact there was little rain or snow in May, with low humidity and recent winds, this government action is wise. The sheriff and fire chief asked for the ban, and county commissioners complied. As a result, open fires are prohibited, as is agricultural burning and the use of fireworks of any kind, except in public displays. Currently, there is no ban on the use of charcoal grills, gas grills or campstoves, but caution should be exercised.

Though the Forest Service has not yet imposed a ban, a responsible citizen will exercise the same restraint while in the forest as when in any other part of the county.

Citizen restraint can also be effective in another important area, prior to action by authorities to impose curbs: water use. Though Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District has not put its use-restriction program in place, it is probably only a matter of time before it does. Snow pack in the high country is sinking below 35 percent of normal; there is not a lot left to melt off. While local lakes and reservoirs seem to be recharged, it is wrong to assume they will stay at current levels if we do not get consistent, significant rainfall. We are still in the grip of drought.

Why wait for government to act? Start now to use water in the way outlined in previous restrictions: residents at even-numbered addresses should water on even-numbered days, odd number addresses on odd-numbered days. Watering should take place between 5 and 9 p.m. when evaporation is minimized. If drought continues, government will step in and perhaps, as last year, impose more stringent rules yet.

In the meantime, let's take control as individuals and spare ourselves any more government regulation than is necessary.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

Poetic tribute to familial beliefs

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Sometimes the best laid plans ...

Oh well, you know the context.

Joyce Hines, a half-year resident of the county and dedicated researcher into all things associated with the Civil War, was expected to make a presentation during both Memorial Day ceremonies in Pagosa Springs Monday.

She was on hand, dressed in Civil War era black raiment called "Widow's Weeds." At each ceremonial site she participated in the placement of a ceremonial wreath by Marine Col. (Ret.) Sepp Ramsperger.

But, in each instance, the presentation was overlooked.

Involved was a poem found in the Bible of her great-grandmother, Julia Jane Perrin Chiles, whose brother fought for the Union and who also had relatives fighting for the Confederacy.

The poem, relating the travail of a family split by ideologies and entitled "The Knot of Blue & Gray" is presented herewith:

"Upon my bosom lies

A knot of blue and gray;

You ask me why? Tears fill my eyes,

As low to you I say:


"I had two brothers once -

Warm-hearted, bold and brave

They left my side - one wore the blue

The other wore the gray.


"One rode with Stonewall and his men

and joined his fate to Lee;

The other followed Sherman's march

Triumphant to the sea.


"Both fought for what they deemed right,

And died with sword in hand;

One sleeps amid Virginia's hills,

And one in Georgia's sand.


"The same sun shines upon their graves -

My love for both must stay;

And so upon my bosom lies

The knot of blue and gray."


Her role in the local ceremony also included placing special flags on the graves of all Civil War veterans, a task assumed by the Fort Worth Chapter of United Daughters of the Confederacy of which she is a member.

Hers wasn't the only writing from the past to find a voice in the Pagosa Springs rites.

Legionnaire Donald Bartlett read a letter written by his wife's now-departed sister on June 12, 1944, just six days after the Allied invasion of Europe, otherwise known as D-Day.

The 11-year-old fifth-grader was writing as a class assignment what June 6 meant to her.

To paraphrase her report:

It means the struggle is near an end and that the Nazi threat is going to be toppled.

It means peace will return to the world.

It means those who have lived in fear may now have a life of their own without the daily threat of death.

It means America has met the challenge and that it will be the place of peace on earth.

It means that it is reasonable to hope for peace all the rest of our days.

God grant that the prayers of these two writers from the past are answered in our day.




90 years ago

90 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era files of June 5, 1914

Decoration Day dawned sunshiny and bright, and our patriots, young and old, turned out to go to the cemetery, where simple yet heartfelt respect was rendered the beloved departed.

The frequent showers during April and May have given Archuleta County dry farming a great boost. Bumper crops for the year are now assured. The irrigated lands will do no better if as well. There is even such a thing as too much water.

It is reported that a goodly portion of the new road between Arboles and Washington Flats was washed away and made impassable the first of the week by the high waters of the Piedra River.

Good roads are bringing in visitors from Durango.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of June 7, 1929

The town board held its regular monthly meeting Monday night. In addition to routine business, the matter of placing town water in the southwest part of town beyond the depot was taken under favorable consideration providing the cost does not prove to be excessive, and also new parts were ordered for the town pump.

The entire Pagosa Springs railroad branch of 31 miles from this city to Pagosa Junction has now been replaced with 57- and 52-pound rails formerly in use. As soon as the trestle at the Smith ranch, eight miles west of Pagosa, is reinforced, one of the heavier engines will be assigned to the branch.

Preparations are going forward for the drilling of the hot water well to heat the new county court house.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of June 4, 1954

While the month of May saw considerable rainfall here, it was not too wet a month. Forest Service figures show that slightly over two inches of moisture fell last month. The rain was most beneficial and has done wonders for the grass and crops. Most of the rainfall was in the form of short, slow rains and lasted most of the month.

The local post of the American Legion, Lester W. Mullins, No. 108, is sponsoring a series of Bingo parties this summer at their hall in the town park in order to furnish entertainment for the community and for the benefit of their many worthwhile projects. The Legion sponsors many projects of community betterment, such as the junior league baseball now in progress.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of June 7, 1979

Town board members, in a lengthy session Tuesday night, considered alley abandonments, approved the hiring of a new police officer, heard a delegation on parking regulations, and discussed abatement of old and derelict houses.

Over 165 high school rodeo contestants from more than 12 Colorado high schools competed in the high school rodeo club rodeo here this past weekend. Rodeo stock was tough and in some events there were only three qualifying times or rides. Competition was tough as this was the last rodeo before the state finals. Several locals participated, but Raymond and Jeannine Shahan were the only ones to place in the top four places in any event.



Fiber Fun: Classes offered in knitting, weaving, dyeing and more

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The day was beautiful. Sunny. Calm. The start of the long Memorial Day weekend. For many, this might bring to mind the outdoors. Boating. Skiing. Hiking. For others, the temptation lay indoors with the chance to get up to their elbows in fiber arts.

Dying. Knitting. Weaving. Felting. Spinning. Locker hooking. This was the holiday recreation for a group of about 10 women Friday at Pagosa's Fiber Fest workshops in the Mountain Heights Baptist Church.

Three of the students drove all the way from Elizabeth, about 20 miles east of Castle Rock for a "ladies weekend." Two were hooked on painting rovings, or dying fibers for weaving. One was attempting to felt a hat. Others drove up from around the Four Corners, a little closer to home. All came ready to dive right in.

In the kitchen, Sharon Herbold and Becky Zierer wasted no time getting started on their "painted rovings." The rovings were different types of fibers carded into long tubes in preparation for spinning - or in this case, dyeing then spinning. Under the tutelage of Pam Ramsey, who raises fiber animals and operates a shop near Hesperus, the two experimented with dyes on several different kinds of fibers.

"We both raise alpacas so we're learning this so we can apply it to alpaca fibers," Herbold said. They also made the trip to Pagosa Springs to observe the structure and organization of a smaller fiber festival, something they've considered starting in their own community.

The materials were fairly basic. They stood before a counter covered in newspaper and a long row of commercial dyes in uncapped bottles. Each roving - natural fibers, silk and a "mystery fiber" made of a mix of natural fibers and acrylics - was spread out on sheets of Saran Wrap, covered in dye, wrapped up and placed in a pot for cooking to set the dyes.

Ramsey said with a recent surge in interest for natural fibers and fiber arts, several commercial dyes were available. And there was always Koolaid. Or natural dyes. She encouraged both students to experiment with their color comfort. "It's legal," she said several times when the women hesitated with a color.

"Saying it's legal is kind of a joke," she said. "We're trying to encourage people to let their creativity out and make something that isn't in their comfort zone. For instance, I like blues and greens and I've really had to push myself outside those to try new things."

Herbold said it sometimes amazed her when people would purchase rovings, or spun yarn, she'd made, but considered a "goof up.

"For the longest time, I tried to make something I would like," she said. "People would pick up things I thought were awful and just love them."

Friday, all three were brave, moving from one fiber to the next, splashing on reds, yellows, greens and blues. Even a spot of black or two.

"I crossed the boundaries on this one," Herbold exclaimed at one point, inspecting a whirl of tie-dye-like red, blues and yellows squashed inside Saran Wrap. The bundle was dropped into a big black pot along with several others and popped in the oven for 20 minutes at 225 degrees.

"Now I have a dyeing shoe," Zierer said, looking down at shoes speckled with color gone wild. All the women sported brightly colored fingers.

When working with dyes, Ramsey said, it's important to find a well-ventilated area and use a dust mask if possible. Pots, or microwaves used for dyeing should not be used for cooking meals.

Once the dyes were permanently baked onto the rovings, Ramsey pulled them out and began the rinsing process. When clean, each woman walked her brightly colored rovings out to the grass to dry, chatting about alpaca farming, fiber arts and festivals all the while.

Meanwhile, in another corner of the room, four women bent over pans of fiber, carefully making magic.

That's what teacher Lois Burbach, of Navajo Lake Alpacas in Arboles, called felting - a process which turns loose fibers into a piece of material with no weaving or spinning. Instead, a combination of heat, moisture and great pressure are used to create a fabric suitable for hats, purses, shoes, even, in some countries, a roofing material.

"They think it's the oldest type of material," Burbach said as her class began layering thin sheets of alpaca fibers on metal trays to make hats.

"This is the part of felting that takes the longest," Burbach said. The direction of the layers alternates and an even thickness must be maintained. Making a hat, she said, takes about four ounces of fabric. The layers are weighed to determine when the process is finished.

"Close your eyes and feel it," she suggested to one woman, who wanted to know if the thickness of her fibers was even throughout the pattern.

After the layering, the students began the process of wetting the fiber to prepare it for agitation. The combination of water, soap and agitation across a washboard is what creates the felt. From there, the felt can be fulled, or shrunk onto a hat form or other form to create the final product. No cutting or stitching necessary.

At the end, Burbach offered tips on decorating the hat, stiffening agents and other finishing touches.

"They did great," she said.

All the classes were part of Pagosa's fourth annual Fiber Fest, a celebration of fiber artists, fiber animals and the many products available from related businesses. The festival was a combination of in-depth classes and two days of displays, vendors and demonstrations open to the public at the county fairgrounds.


Pagosa's Past


More on pioneer life in the San Juans

John M. Motter

Staff Writer

College graduate George Tinker came west from Pennsylvania in 1876. While mining at Silverton, he met and married Emma Happs Tinker. She was 14, he 28.

The family moved to Riverside, N.M., near Cedar Hill, in 1884. Cedar Hill is located on the Animas River between Aztec and Durango.

Looking for a home, Tinker traded his rifle to Alf Graves for a plot of land where he built a two-room picket house complete with dirt floor and roof. Picket is another name for a jacal, a construction technique using vertical poles, large or small in diameter, and chinking the gaps with mud. Before a three-room addition could be added some years later, the family had grown to five children. Newly installed wooden floors were highly prized.

Mail came from Durango when anyone happened to pick it up. Cedar Hill, first known as Cox's Crossing, got its first post office in 1887. Mrs. May, the first postmistress, served meals to the stage driver and passengers. To protect guests from the swarms of flies during summer, Mrs. May coated two hinged boards with honey. When she thought the timing right, she clapped the boards together.

A Mr. Flack operated a ferry boat at the site of the present bridge. As his helpers wound up the cable which pulled the ferry across the river, he shouted, "O ho, boys. Let's go."

Tinker worked the Silverton mines during summers and taught school at Cedar Hill during winters for $25 a month. The school had no desks, just wooden benches to match the log construction. Children laid their slates and books beside them on the bench.

The benches were uncomfortable. Mrs. Edith Randleman recalls taking her slate and books and sitting by the fireplace, normally a disciplinary measure.

Daughter Edith Tinker's only schooling was from her father. Nevertheless, she passed state teacher examinations and taught school for four years in her home or the homes of pupils. Her salary was $40 a month. In those days teachers boarded around, often sharing a bed with one of the students.

The Tinkers remember Indian scares. Two boys riding in Ditch Canyon stole a blanket from a squaw. (Motter's note: The terms squaw, buck, and papoose denoting Indian women, men and children, are no longer acceptable, nor should they be. Since this column is intended to show pioneer times and attitudes as they really were, I have repeated the language of those days.) The theft brought the Indians out in force against the white settlement. George Tinker was among the 15 men mobilized to drive them back. Mrs. Tinker took the children into the cabin, bolted the door, and hung quilts over the two windows. Mrs. Randlemon says she was more frightened by the procedure than by the Indians.

One Indian was killed in the skirmish. A company of soldiers came in to settle the affair. Return of the stolen blanket restored peace.

At another time, a group of Indians rode to the Tinker house while the father was away. They wanted to trade a rifle for the horse Mrs. Tinker held by the bridle. She refused. After a prolonged argument, the disappointed Indians rode away.

Because there were no irrigation ditches, settlers living along the river had water wheels to lift the water to their own ditches. The Cedar Hill Ditch was built later.

The Rev. Hugh Griffith (see last week's article), an M.E. circuit rider known as the cowboy preacher, held occasional services in homes. For some time there were only four families - Coxes, Graves, Whitneys, and Tinkers. Descendents of the Graves live in Pagosa Springs at this time.

Mothers were terrified each time a child took sick because there were no doctors. Scarlet fever, diphtheria, and even measles and whooping cough were accompanied with liberal amounts of terror. Each child, at least in this family, wore a bag of asafetida around his or her neck for prevention. Each mother had a stock of home remedies.

Threshing at Cedar Hill was driving horses over the piles of grain. Then a horse-powered thresher was brought in from Fruitland. In 1906, Tinker bought the first steam thresher, mortgaging his home to pay for it.

The preceding story is from an article written by Nancy Elliott and may be found in "Pioneers of the San Juan Country, Vol. IV."



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Winds to weaken, but rain chance still slim

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

The end is near.


According to the latest forecasts, gusty, dry winds that have plagued Pagosa Country during the past four weeks may weaken considerably over the weekend.

However, predictions of less wind across the Four Corners region will lessen the risk of area wildfire only slightly since rainfall is expected to be virtually absent in the coming week.

"It's going to stay mainly dry for the next week, with only the chance for isolated thunderstorms in the high country," said Brian Avery, a forecaster with the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction.

"A ridge of high pressure over the region means breezy conditions and temperatures above average (today) and Friday," said Avery, "with highs in the mid-80s and lows in the 40s."

Temperatures should fall to around average over the weekend, said Avery, and may decline further by early next week.

"We could start to see a real cool-down by Monday as an upper-level trough moves in, but temperatures will still get to the upper 70s to low 80s," concluded Avery.

According to Avery, highs today should range from 75-85 and winds at 10-15 miles per hour are expected, along with sunny skies and lows in the 40s.

Sunshine and breezy conditions are expected to continue Friday, with some gusts approaching 30 miles per hour. Highs are predicted in the 80s; lows should fall to around 40.

Saturday and Sunday call for mostly-sunny skies, highs near 80 and lows in the mid-30s.

The forecasts for Monday through Wednesday indicate a 10 to 20-percent chance for isolated afternoon thunderstorms, highs in the upper 70s to low 80s and lows in the 35-45 range.

The average high temperature recorded last week in Pagosa Springs was 69 degrees. The average low was 31. Moisture totals for the week amounted to zero.

The Pagosa Ranger District rates the area fire danger as "high." Conditions can change rapidly this time of year; for updates, call the district office at 264-2268.

On a related note, fire restrictions are in effect for Archuleta County. For more information, refer to page one of this week's edition of The SUN.

According to the latest SNOTEL data, the snowpack level for the Upper San Juan River Basin has fallen to below 35 percent of average.

San Juan River flow through town ranged from approximately 900 cubic feet per second to 1,600 cubic feet per second last week. The river's historic median flow for the week of June 3 equals roughly 1,500 cubic feet per second.