May 13, 2004 
Front Page
Hearing planned on proposed smoking ban

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Alamosa has one. So do Aspen, Montrose and Telluride.

In each of these communities, plus several counties across Colorado, nonsmoking ordinances are in place. Some ban the smoking of any tobacco products in all restaurants and pubs in the community. Across Colorado, a total of 46 towns, cities and counties have some type of smoking ban. The oldest, according to research by the Group to Alleviate Smoking Pollution, is on the books in Loveland and dates back to the summer of 1985. The most recent, in Fort Collins, passed in 2003.

This year, a smoking ordinance will be considered in Pagosa Springs. A draft ordinance to prohibit smoking in all "enclosed public places," including bars and restaurants, was presented to the Pagosa Springs Town Council by staff in April. At the time, the board agreed the next step would be to contact business owners. A public hearing was set for the May 4 town council meeting. However, it was postponed because of a long agenda.

The council reset the hearing for 5 p.m. May 25 at Town Hall. This will be a special meeting of the council, and town residents are encouraged to provide input on the proposed smoking ban.

According to the proposed ordinance, the prohibitions would protect employees and the public from the dangers of secondhand smoke which, "Š contains more than 4,000 chemicals, including arsenic, formaldehyde, hydrogen cyanide and radioactive elements. More than 60 of these chemicals have been identified as carcinogenic."

The lone exemptions to the ban would be private homes, "except when used as a child care, adult day care or health care facility," 20-percent of lodging rooms reserved for smokers, retail tobacco stores and certain outdoor areas of places of employment.

Within 60 days of approval of the ordinances, employers would be required to post the following:

"Smoking shall be prohibited in all enclosed facilities within a place of employment without exception. This includes common work areas, auditoriums, classrooms, conference and meeting rooms, private offices, elevators, hallways, medical facilities, cafeterias, employee lounges, stairs, restrooms, vehicles and all other enclosed facilities."

Nonsmoking signs would be posted at the entrances of all facilities, and those who did choose to smoke would have to do so at least 25 feet from any enclosed area where smoking was prohibited.

The draft ordinance suggests subjecting those caught violating the ordinance to up to a $100 fine on a first violation, up to a $200 fine on the second violation and up to a $500 fine on subsequent violations. Each day of continued violation would be deemed a separate violation.

Copies of the draft ordinance are available at Town Hall on Hot Springs Boulevard. For more information, call Julie Jessen, special projects director, 264-4151, Ext. 226.


Teachers promised pay hike

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Staff in Pagosa Springs public schools will get a pay raise when the annual budget is approved next month.

Exact amounts are yet to be decided, but Nancy Schutz, district business manager, said it probably will be in the 3-percent range.

The hike will come as a result of school board agreement Tuesday to dip into reserves to fund the increase and followed lengthy discussion on loyalty of teachers, the current state of educational funding shortfall, and a reticence to eliminate the early retirement program, a move which had been under discussion.

Justin Cowan, chairman of the district review committee, told the board early in the meeting that his panel had discussed the elimination of the early retirement benefit but "let it die."

He said the policy was originally adopted because it was believed it would provide a cost saving for the district and a benefit for employees by encouraging them to retire early and receive the benefit.

The proposal studied would have eliminated the policy and transferred $50,000 budgeted for it annually into the salary schedule to increase teacher pay.

He said much of the committee discussion hinged on the fact the early retirement policy was a selling point for many current teachers when they joined the staff.

While the committee took no action, he said, it was suggested that the item be put to a full staff vote.

Later in the meeting, the board of education weighed into the fray with director Sandy Caves asking for clarification on how the early retirement fund is handled.

Schutz said it is routinely budgeted for every year. If it were abolished, she said without endorsing the idea, that same amount could go into salaries funding.

"The board's intent, when the policy was adopted," she said, "was to encourage early retirement for teachers with tenure. In my opinion, it has not done the job expected ... "

Asked how often it has been used in the last five years, she said "no more than five times."

Director Carol Feazel, board president, said, "We're looking at possibly decreasing enrollments in the next few years and if we don't abolish it now there is a distinct likelihood we'll have to something in a few years."

Director Jon Forrest led argument against cutting the early retirement fund.

"Many people took jobs with us seeing the fund as one of the benefits of teaching here," he said. "I'm hesitant to step on the toes of the committee which studied and did not approve or recommend cutting it."

Schutz said the board has sufficient reserves, because of planning and control of funds over a several year period, to fund the pay hikes, "but we can't draw on it forever."

"If we use reserves now," asked Caves, can we look at the question again in the future if we see the need arising?"

Superintendent Duane Noggle said it can be done at any time. He reminded the board that "while we have adequate reserves now, over time they will be depleted if we keep dipping in."

"If enrollment declines as we expect," he said, "we would have to cut staff ." Asked how much decline can be expected, he said projections indicate 200-300 fewer students in 10-12 years.

"That would mean significant staff cuts," he said. "Ending the early retirement policy was seen as a possible way of cutting through attrition and keeping reserves in tact."

Bill Esterbrook, high school principal, told the board "we have a lot of hard working teachers here who have been here a long time. Many are two or three years away from looking at benefits of the early retirement plan.

"It would be an awful slap in their faces," he said, "because they have given us 200-percent effort over the years. Maybe, if you find it necessary, there is some way to ease into it without denying those who have worked longest.

"Please be careful of the message you send," he said.

Forrest said it is not certain how the staff as a whole stands on the subject, "but those who saw it as a benefit when signing on logically ask 'how can you take this away from us.'

"I hesitate to look at this at all, to even consider it," he said.

"Only in an emergency situation should it be considered," said Caves.

"If the numbers aren't there," Forrest admitted, "it might be logical to cut staff ... but not benefits.

"We often talk about what's best for the students," he said. "It may well be that what's best for them is what's best for the teachers. We need to show them we appreciate what they've done for us through the tough times."

Director Clifford Lucero echoed Forrest's opinion.

"We've have a lot of dedicated teachers," he said, "and if we want to keep drawing the quality instructors, we have to give them reasons to come here. Taking away a benefit won't help that goal at all."

Forrest added, "We have to tell the staff this is what we can do. We can bump you up now with the understanding the future is a little bleak. We appreciate what you're doing and this is the way we can show it."

The board then agreed, on a motion by Caves, seconded by Forrest, to go into reserves up to $200,000 to fund what in effect will be a two-step increase for teachers this fall - with the understanding falling revenues may force reexamination of the issue in coming years.


Water supply better than in 2003 but still below average

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

It's going to be better than last year, but still below average.

That's the bittersweet prediction of regional water-supply forecasts after a March that went into the books as one of the driest ever and an April that brought above-average moisture to Pagosa Country.

However, the latest surveys conducted by the Natural Resources Conservation Service indicate southwest Colorado leads the state with regard to streamflow forecasts, with local rivers foreseen at the highest percentages.

According to recent data provided by Jerry Archuleta, NRCS district conservationist, streamflow in the San Juan River at Carracas is projected at 77 percent of average and the Piedra River at Arboles is expected to flow at 83 percent of average.

In addition, Archuleta indicated the Rio Blanco at the Rio Blanco ADiversion and the Navajo River at the Oso Diversion are expected to exhibit similar characteristics - streamflow in each is currently projected at 81 percent of average.

Those percentages amount to an inflow forecast for Navajo Reservoir equating to 78 percent of average, meaning the heavily-depleted reservoir - listed at an elevation of just over 6,018 feet last weekend, or roughly 53 percent of average - can expect to rise an additional, estimated 20-25 feet this year before recession begins.

In summary, "We're obviously not looking as good as we were before March, when area streamflow forecasts were predicted to exceed average," said Archuleta.

"But it looks as if we are still going to get a good deal of water, certainly more than last year," he concluded.

In comparison, the San Juan River was forecast at 59 percent of average last spring, the Piedra at 48 percent, and the Rio Blanco and Navajo rivers at 64 and 59 percent, respectively.

On a related note, while levels have dwindled rapidly in the past two weeks due to the onset of warmer weather, Pagosa Country river basins continue to boast some of the highest individual snowpack percentages in the state.

As of Tuesday, measurements from the Upper San Juan Sno-Tel site located west of Wolf Creek Pass summit at an elevation of 10,130 feet showed a snow-water equivalent of 67 percent of average.

The Wolf Creek Summit Sno-Tel site at an elevation of 11,000 feet had a snow-water equivalent of 92 percent of average, and the Vallecito Sno-Tel site near Vallecito Lake at an elevation of 10,880 feet showed a snow-water equivalent of 85 percent of average.

The snow-water equivalent average of the three sites, which is used to determine the snowpack level for the Upper San Juan River Basin, amounted to roughly 81 percent of average - the highest combined level in the state.

Finally, though respectable amounts of moisture across southwest Colorado resulted in the U.S. Department of Agriculture upgrading local drought-condition descriptions from "severe drought" to "abnormally dry," state officials are advising residents to remain wary of a lingering scenario of statewide water shortages.

"After March's weather, April's storms (helped) to restore our confidence that we would not see the devastating drought year of 2002," said Allen Green, state conservationist with the NRCS.

"On the other hand, the state continues to face significant drought impacts this year," he added, "and the April storms only help us buy time during this drought."

For more information on water conditions and resources in Colorado, visit the NRCS Web site at and click on "States and Regions."


Motorcyclist killed in collision with deer

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

A Grand Junction man died Monday from injuries sustained in a motorcycle accident here over the weekend.

Colorado State Patrol Trooper Chris Balenti said Ken Nesbitt, 58, was westbound on U.S. 160 on a late-model Harley Davidson Sunday when he hit a deer eight miles west of Pagosa Springs. Impact caused the motorcycle to roll several times, ejecting Nesbitt, who was not wearing a helmet. The deer, driver and the motorcycle ended up in the ditch.

Nesbitt, who suffered head injuries in the accident, was flown to San Juan Regional in Farmington for treatment. He died Monday from his injuries.

Balenti said the accident was the second motorcycle versus deer crash involving a fatality in southwestern Colorado in the past three weeks. In both instances, a helmet was not worn.


Public will be polled on land use plans

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Amendments to current land-use regulations and further moves toward new alternatives drew actions last week from the Archuleta County Board of Commissioners.

At the request of Marcus Baker, county associate planner, the board approved a bulk-mailing initiative Tuesday designed to gather public feedback related to the ongoing development of new land-use codes.

According to Baker, the mailing will consist of surveys asking recipients to assign specific values to a list of "performance criteria" that will be used to evaluate future development proposals.

A rough draft of the survey indicates, "The new code is also structured so that geographical planning districts would be created in the county - allowing for more localized, community influence on design and review within the districts.

"For example, people that live in the (proposed) Southwest District would be able to determine how important it is to encourage paving of parking lots within their district without influence from citizens in the Pagosa Springs area or the Chromo area."

Additional examples of performance criteria county residents will be asked to consider include evaluating the importance of having parks and/or playgrounds in subdivisions, covenants, and the preservation of historic buildings and mature landscaping, to name a few.

According to the draft, four districts are being proposed in the new land development code: Southwest (including Arboles), Southeast (including Chromo and the Upper Blanco area), Northeast (including the Lower Blanco and Pagosa Lakes area), and the Northwest District (including Aspen Springs and Chimney Rock).

Though only registered voters within the county will receive the mailing, Baker indicated surveys will be made available at the county planning office, 527 A San Juan St., for any additional residents who wish to participate.

Additional survey locations, said Baker, will also be considered prior to mailing, which is expected to take place before the end of the month.

Baker said efforts to boost the participation and awareness levels of the survey process will precede the mailings, most likely in the form of an informational, public meeting, and advertisements and press releases in the local media.

"The goal would be to get at least a 10-percent return on (the surveys)," said Baker, after discussions with the board concluded with the consensus that bulk mailing is the most effective way to garner the highest level of public input.

After approving the measure, the board encouraged Baker to gather as much feedback as possible.

"This is such an important endeavor," concluded Commissioner Alden Ecker. "I don't think we can get 'too much' public input into this process."

Regulation changes

After receiving no objections from the solitary attendee at a brief public hearing Monday night, the board unanimously approved a resolution clarifying the definitions of "construction" and "development" as each pertains to county subdivision regulations.

As a result, Section 2 of the county code, entitled "Definitions," now includes the following adoptions.

"Construction" means any and all activity incidental to the erection, demolition, assembling, altering, installation or equipping of buildings, structures, roads or appurtenances thereto, including land clearing, grading, excavating and filling.

"Development" means the division of a parcel of land into two or more lots; the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation or enlargement of any structure or use; any mining, excavation, land fill or land disturbance, any new use or extension of a permitted use; or the extension or alteration of the scope of a use.

Related, minor additions to the county code have also been made in sections 3.1, 3.1.1(a), 9.1.2 and 10.2.1.

In other business, the board:

- approved an intergovernmental agreement with the Town of Pagosa Springs regarding the provision of jail services

- declared July 7 "free-ride" day, approving a one-day waiver of fees for Mountain Express in honor of its fifth anniversary of operation

- scheduled a public hearing regarding a conditional use permit application for a temporary rock-crushing operation at Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District for 7 p.m. May 18.

 Inside The Sun
Archuleta County Fair will extend traditions

By Jim Super

Special to The SUN

Traditions in a community are things that sadly vanish over time as our world changes.

The good old days, as they are penned, are the memories carried through traditions by our ancestors, painted into our imaginations in youth, at times passed on to others or forgotten in memory's abyss to retreat forever.

Fortunately for Pagosa Springs, the tradition of the Archuleta County Fair is still thriving. We will celebrate the 52nd county fair Aug. 5-8. Family, friends and visiting guests will be able to enjoy a multitude of fun-filled events.

The fair board in itself is an ever-changing entity with new members to add fresh vision and ideas to the table. Seasoned board members bring their experience and calibrate things that worked well in the past and have improved on old ideas, creating a more enjoyable fair experience.

This year's newest improvement is the fair's Web site filled with information at www.archuleta

Of course, you will still find articles involving the fair on a regular basis in The SUN.

Vendors, shop owners and entrepreneurs are encouraged to book a booth at the fair. There is a vast array of talent in Pagosa Springs and a booth is a great way to promote your business or product. If this interests you please contact Sabra Miller at 264-2388.

If your desire is to educate others, the fair board is looking for interested persons to do a 1 1/2 to 2-hour demonstration in the education tent. Any interested party should contact Debra Zenz at 946-1887 for information and available times and dates.

If you wish to volunteer to assist with any of the fair's many functions, contact Ronnie Doctor at 264-6122.

Members of the fair board are excited about the positive changes and events for this year's fair.

In upcoming issues of The SUN we will highlight some of the changes and events that will make this fair the best ever, without intruding on the traditions of the fair itself.

Lastly, the fair would never be a success without the wonderful residents and neighbors in Archuleta County.

We look forward to seeing you at the fair.


Democrats set May litter patrol

Archuleta County Democrats, who maintain two miles of U.S. 84 south of Pagosa Springs have scheduled their first litter patrol of the year Wednesday, May 19.

The strip runs from mile marker 25 near the Holiday Acres turnoff to mile marker 23 near Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park.

Meet at the entrance to Echo Canyon Reservoir at 3 p.m. with sturdy clothing and shoes, gloves, sunscreen and water.

Safety vests and heavy duty trash bags will be provided. Adverse weather will cause a postponement.

For more information call Charlie King at 731-4794 or Kerry Dermody at 731-5217.


Stevens Reservoir, Dutton Ditch updates greet new PAWS board

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Getting up to speed.

Such was the main focus Tuesday as newly-seated directors Windsor Chacey, Steve Hartvigsen and Bob Huff joined incumbents Karen Wessels and Don Brinks for the first Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation board of directors' meeting since the May 4 election.

The first order of business this week for the new board was reorganization, with Wessels garnering a unanimous nod as new board chairman/president and Brinks getting likewise support to serve as the board's new secretary/treasurer.

Following the election of officers, much of the board's discussion centered on construction project briefings, including updates regarding the ongoing progress related to Stevens Reservoir and Dutton Ditch improvements.

According to Gene Tautges, assistant general manager for the district, preliminary engineering reports regarding raw-water analysis in the Stevens project suggest the district perform a "pilot study" to determine what type of new water plant will best suit the application.

The study, said Tautges, would include the use of a "miniature water plant," a small, on-site device capable of monitoring water quality in Stevens for a span of one week, thereby helping the district determine "if the type of plant being considered will do what its sales people say it will do."

The best time to perform such tests, said Tautges, is midsummer - when raw-water quality in district reservoirs is normally at the lowest level of the year.

Testing during midsummer gives a good indication of how a plant will perform because "if it can do great during bad times, it should do wonderfully the rest of the year," said Tautges.

Total costs for the pending tests are estimated to range from $4,000 to $5,000.

Further discussion of the Stevens project led to the board's lone action of the evening - awarding a bid to Western Technologies Inc. for the continuance of required, geotechnical engineering and design of the reservoir dam.

At a cost of roughly $65,000, the studies will augment the preliminary dam design process initiated in early March after the district received an opinion from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service indicating a favorable assessment of the district's plans to enlarge Stevens.

Davis Engineering Service Inc. will continue to oversee the process, with Western Technologies acting as subcontractor. Project timelines call for an early-June start date, while completion is expected before the end of August.

In another project update, Carrie Campbell, district general manager, indicated the district is close to "coming to terms on an agreement with other users of Dutton Ditch," a development that is expected to further progress toward securement of the permits necessary to initiate ground breaking.

In addition, Campbell indicated the district is continuing negotiations with the U.S. Forest Service and said a public notice regarding the project may be issued by the Forest Service "fairly soon."

On a related note, amidst discussion of the two projects, Chacey suggested the district investigate the possibility of making "a project checklist" available to the public "so that people paying for the bond feel more comfortable we are coming to a conclusion with these projects."

Furthermore, said Chacey, a checklist might help raise awareness "of all the different areas (the district) has to go through to get approved."

Tautges acknowledged such sentiments, indicating the district is continually striving to expand public awareness through a variety of channels, including the district Web site and newsletter.

However, as far as expediting the projects, at this point, "There's not a thing we can do other than continue to get the required information to people as quick as we can and wait for the answers," concluded Tautges.

Among others, the district must obtain a special-use permit from the Forest Service for portions of the Dutton Ditch right of way that cross Forest Service land, as well as Army Corp of Engineers 404 required for the Stevens project.

The Dutton and Stevens endeavors are the main components of a slate of potential capital projects funded by $10.35 million in general obligation bonds approved by district voters during the 2002 General Election.

For updates and general information regarding district initiatives, rates or operations, visit the district Web site at


Staff members resign, new health service district board meets Friday

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The transition from one Upper San Juan Health Service District board to the other should be complete Friday and the new board will face finding a new executive director.

The former top administrative official for the district, Dee Jackson, resigned April 30.

Charles Hawkins, chairman of the district board until the panel of six elected May 4 and the lone holdover, Patty Tillerson, take over, said he has received written resignations from Jackson and two other administration staff members: Kathy Saley, former training and public relations coordinator, and administrative assistant Susan Spencer. Both Spencer and Saley resigned May 3 or 4, Hawkins said.

"As chairman of the board and as per her (Jackson's) contract, I accepted the resignation," he said. To help with the transition, he met with members of the new board to inform them of the resignations. Hawkins will serve as the district's executive director until the full board is seated.

Hawkins said he had expected to announce the resignations, approve the minutes from the previous board meeting, make some statements of thanks and hand the district over to the newly elected officials at the next regularly scheduled district meeting May 18.

However, the six members of the Upper San Juan Health Service District Board elected May 4 - Bob Goodman, Bob Scott, Neal Townsend, Pam Hopkins and Dick Blide - were sworn in by the county clerk May 10. They set a special meeting for May 14 to address the issue of board officers, among other things.

Blide said the district's attorney was consulted prior to the swearing-in ceremony.

Hopkins, who is acting as the unofficial secretary at this point, said all the proper forms were filed Tuesday. All that needs to happen for the six to officially take their seats is for a public meeting to be held. That will happen Friday at 7 p.m. in the gymnasium of the Pagosa Springs Community Center.

Hopkins said notices and agendas for all future meetings will be posted in seven locations around town: EMS offices, the Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center, outside the county clerk's office, outside the combined court clerks' office, at both City Markets and at Sisson Library.

According to the agenda posted outside the clerk's office, the board will address items such as Robert's Rules of order, some changes to the district's bylaws, electing board officers, standing committees and administration Friday.

All former district board members have been invited, Hopkins said.

Hawkins said some former board members will probably be in attendance, but as listeners, not members of the board.

"I would love to have had the opportunity to thank all the people who participated in the district, and thank the staff and the board that put us where we are today," he said. Hawkins served as chairman of the board for almost a year after being appointed in 2003 to fill a vacancy. After Friday, he said, the district will officially rest in the hands of the new board.

Hopkins said the newly-seated board will also conduct the regularly-scheduled May meeting, Tuesday, May 18, at the community center. She said a proposal to move the meeting time from 5:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. for that meeting will be addressed Friday.


Making happy smiles is their job

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Twenty Pagosa Springs Intermediate School students got dental care at their school Thursday, thanks to Southwest Smilemakers Dental Hygiene Clinic.

Operated by personnel from San Juan Basin Health Department in Durango, the unit is making the rounds of schools in a five-county area.

First, a team of evaluators comes in to screen students "who may have needs." Then, said a program spokesman, the hygiene team comes back to treat those needing care.

At Pagosa Intermediate School, 36 students were screened the week of April 27 (at no charge) and 20 were found to need care.

They got it in a temporary dental facility provided inside the building by principal Mark DeVoti and staff.

Individual school districts pay a portion of the cost of treatment as do Medicaid and families of the children involved.

The program is funded by a grant from Colorado Trust and in part by United Way (the local unit is not yet involved).

The treatment includes cleaning, application of a fluoride varnish, sealing to protect biting surfaces and oral hygiene instruction.

The team has completed work at schools in Durango District 9-R, is completing Archuleta District 50, and will go on to schools in Montezuma, Dolores and San Juan counties.

Any need for additional dental care results in a referral given the child's family with specifics as to the type of work needed.

Follow-up is the responsibility of the family.


Construction of new maintenance and transportation facility to begin by Sept. 1

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The first site plans and building placement ideas for the new school district transportation and maintenance facility were received Tuesday by Steve Walston, the district's maintenance supervisor.

With them came confirmation that increasing steel and asphalt products prices have forced slight reductions in structure size but that --- at least for now - the cost will be within budget. That figure, after removal of the planned new administration facility, is in the range of $1.2 -$1.4 million.

Walston, the lead man on the project, said it will come in "at budget or less" based on current data.

A change in footprint for the structure now shows it facing east with bus parking north and west of the structure providing a buffer between it, the vocational arts building and the high school itself.

Sufficient area is allowed for busses to enter and turn into assigned parking spaces and to utilize one of two planned outlets onto the circle drive when leaving.

One problem to be overcome is runoff from the hills to the west. Walston said it will be necessary to cut away a part of the hill slope and use it as fill for the parking area, thus diverting most of the runoff to the back of the property.

He said the size cuts made included a 4-foot reduction in width to 56 feet for the full length of the building, taking away 600 square feet of main floor space, and elimination of 1,200 square feet of mezzanine storage space between the planned bus bays and the maintenance department facilities.

The site plan and building orientation, he said, were changed to make best use of elevations (a 10-foot drop from the upper end of the 10-acre site to the lower end) and the effect of sunlight to melt snow in winter months.

Still to be received, he said, are the geotechnical studies of soil and underground support and the exact routes the runoff will have to take.

With the receipt of the drawings this week, he said, the schedule he would like to follow would have architects supplying bid grade documents by July 1, advertising for bids by Aug. 1, and starting construction by Sept. 1 "or earlier if all the marbles fall into the right holes."

Asked if the cuts made will still allow district shipment receiving at the site, Walston said, "Yes, but not storage for all of it. Some items will have to be moved to the school for which it is intended for storage, but that poses no problem."

Director Sandy Caves asked for a refresher on how the project is being funded and was told half will come from Whit Newton non-renewable funds willed to the district and the balance from capital reserve.

The board of education asked Walston to keep an eye on the increasing prices he noted and let administration know when bids are received if the cost climbs beyond budget.

Speaking of budgets, business manager Nancy Schutz told the board the state funding coming to the district this year will be $1.9 million.

"We have been working on budget data and by shifting dollars here and there, we feel we'll be able to give each department basically what was requested when managers knew funds would be short because of the state's fiscal crunch," she said.


Expect more delays as highway work hits full stride

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

West will meet east on Wolf Creek Pass starting May 17 when highway reconstruction starts up on Pagosa's side of the pass, joining two other road projects east of the summit.

According to a news release from the Colorado Department of Transportation, work to complete reconstruction on U.S. 160 west of the summit will start Monday.

The department and contractor Nielsons Skanska of Cortez will finish drainage improvements and paving on a 6.5-mile stretch beginning just west of Treasure Falls and extending east 5.4 miles toward the summit.

This final project phase, awarded to Nielsons Skanska for $8.1 million last summer, completes an 11-mile, $22 million reconstruction project. Work will include additional drainage improvements and highway rehabilitation.

Motorists may experience 20-minute traffic delays Monday-Friday, 7 a.m.-6:30 p.m. However, traffic control crews will make every effort to accommodate westbound traffic that has already been delayed at the construction project east of the pass. A 12-foot width restriction is in effect for this project.

Vehicles headed east will pass through the reconstruction project and travel over the summit to the tunnel project between mile markers 173 and 174. Currently, minimal or no delays are expected there as crews are working primarily inside the tunnel.

About five miles farther down U.S. 160, near mile marker 179, drivers will encounter the greatest delays and must be aware of scheduled nighttime closures. This is the Lonesome Dove to Windy Point project that stretches to mile marker 182. Nighttime closures are in effect Monday-Thursday from 10 p.m.-5 a.m. Daytime delays of 40 minutes or more are possible seven days a week. A 12-foot width restriction is in place at all times.

All three projects on Wolf Creek Pass are expected to be finished sometime this year.

In Durango, construction will impact the intersection of U.S. 550 and U.S. 160 at 3800 N. Main. Work is scheduled for 8:15 a.m.-9 p.m. Wednesday through Friday and 7 a.m.-7 p.m. Saturday and Sunday through the end of May. Crews will switch to nighttime work during the week in June. Single lane closures for sealing concrete joints are expected. Southbound lanes will be completed on weekdays and northbound lanes on the weekends as weather allows. This work will extend two miles west toward Cortez.

In San Juan County, between Durango and Silverton, CDOT will continue work on a rockfall mitigation project on U.S. 550 at mile marker 68.5 starting Monday. Rock excavation may require crews to stop traffic for up to 45 minutes Monday through Saturday during daylight hours.

Red Mountain Pass at mile marker 88 will be closed from 7 a.m.-7 p.m. May 18-21 for a four-day rockfall prevention project. According to the CDOT , this safety project was scheduled following two rockfall incidents in April.

No road work is scheduled on Memorial Day, Independence Day or Labor Day holiday weekends.

Motorists are asked to be patient and cautious through all construction zones this summer.


Red Ryder Roundup royalty candidates sought

Pagosa Springs Enterprises is looking for young women to represent the community as Red Ryder Roundup Queen and Princess.

Queen candidates must be 16-21, not now or ever married; Princess candidates must be 8-15.

For more information call Sandy Bramwell at 264-5959 or Belinda Thull at 731-5269.


Brain injury support group meets Tuesday

Have you suffered a brain injury or a stroke? Do you know someone who has? Survivors, family members, and healthcare providers are invited to attend the monthly meeting of the Pagosa Springs Brain Injury Support Group at 5 p.m. Tuesday, May 18, at WolfTracks Bookstore and Coffee Company, 135 Country Center Drive in Suite A, just west of City Market.

The group will continue to meet on the third Tuesday of each month and is geared for those with mild or moderate head injury and their family members.

For more information, contact Richard Goebel at 731-1841.


Weekend programs at Navajo State Park

Navajo State Park will hold a pair of special programs this weekend.

A wildflower walk is scheduled 10 a.m.-2 p.m. Saturday and the wildflowers are blooming.

This is a great time to get out and hone identification skills or just admire the landscape. Meet at the Sambrito Wetland Trail for an easy walk.

Then, at 10 a.m. Sunday, Kid's Corner will feature caterpillars. Learn about the mystery of caterpillars and butterflies with storytime and make one for yourself to take home; meets at the visitor center.

If weather is bad, the programs will be held at the visitor conference room. A state parks pass is required for all vehicles. For more information call 883-2208.


55 alive course to be offered

Would you like to sharpen your driving skills and reduce your auto insurance premiums?

One way to do so is by taking the AARP 55 Alive Driver Safety Program, a motor vehicle accident prevention course for persons 50 and over.

It will be taught 1-5 p.m. June 9-10 at Community United Methodist Church by Don Hurt, the AARP volunteer instructor.

Students learn defensive driving techniques, how to compensate for normal age-related changes in vision, hearing and reaction time, how to deal with aggressive drivers and more.

It is an eight-hour classroom course conducted in two half-day sessions. There is a $10 fee.

Class size will be limited to 24. If interested call Hurt at 264-2337 for more information and to make reservations.

Legislation has been enacted in 36 states, including Colorado, requiring all automobile insurance companies doing business in the state to offer a premium discount to graduates of state-approved driver improvement courses and 55 Alive is approved in every state. The course must be repeated every three years to maintain eligibility for the discount.


Energy Outreach payout at $4.8 million since October

Energy Outreach Colorado distributed $97,944 last week to nine emergency assistance organizations serving residents in southwestern Colorado communities to help a record number of low-income families pay energy bills.

In total, the independent nonprofit organization distributed $560,366 to dozens of agencies statewide. It is now the only resource for Colorado families and seniors who need help paying energy bills until Nov. 1. The state's low income Energy Assistance Program, known as LEAP, closed for the season April 30.

"We're finding that the families and senior citizens we're assisting are struggling because of economic reasons and higher energy prices, not because of cold weather," said Skip Arnold, executive director. "We distribute funds throughout the year because poverty in Colorado is a year-round crisis for thousands of families who rely on us to help them stay comfortable and safe at home."

The 70 percent average increase in Colorado home energy bills and the state's continuing unemployment have prompted Energy Outlook to distribute more funds than ever before.

The May 6 distribution was the sixth in eight months. Since October 2003, Energy Outreach has distributed nearly $4.8 million to help low income families, including $2.15 million to help supplement the LEAP program. During the same period last year, Energy Outreach distributed $3.4 million.

The organization, through emergency assistance organizations and the LEAP program, has contributed to helping a record high 98,000 families pay home energy bills since Nov. 1, 2003.

Compared to last year, assistance organizations reported a 28 percent increase in the average energy bill payment and a 109 percent increase in the number of families and seniors helped.

"We expect this record need to continue through the summer and fall, particularly since it will take people longer to get back on their feet from this past winter's bills," said Arnold. "We hope to continue to count on the generosity of Coloradans to help us reach as many struggling families as possible."

Residents able to help neighbors in crisis pay energy bills can access the organization's Web site at to make a tax-deductible donation.

Those who need assistance paying energy bills are encouraged to call (866) HEAT-HELP toll-free to find an agency close to home that has received funds.


Teen Center looking for summer boost

By Karen Carpenter

Special to The PREVIEW

The Teen Center has been a happenin' place the past couple weeks.

The post prom party was such a good time and we look forward to hosting this annual event again next year.

The LAN Teens met for another all nighter Saturday with the competition fierce. The kids are so amazing technologically.

Thursday the advisory board met and it looks like we have full support to try out new equipment, "Challenges," and an exciting summer program. We have grown to about 17 regular teens. Our hope is that more teens will join for the summer.

Next week we will be trying out Team Strategy games.

On Tuesday a "007" Nintendo challenge; on Friday the movie will be "Big Fish" and we'll have a live comedy performance. We will have dinner as well.

The center is located in the community center on Hot springs Boulevard and is open weekdays 1-8 p.m. Call 264-4152.


Fiscal reform - stay tuned for possible special session

Sen. Isgar's Report

As the clock ran out on the 2004 session of the General Assembly, it looked as though we finally were getting some movement by the governor and the Legislature toward a compromise solution to the fiscal crisis.

As the debate on a fix for the growing fiscal crisis facing Colorado has unfolded, it has been my goal to provide a long term solution to the conflict between the provisions of TABOR and Amendment 23.

As I have mentioned before, the voter approved spending limitations of TABOR are on a collision course with the voter approved spending requirements of Amendment 23.

The 12 or so proposals the Legislature considered to send to the voters for approval fell generally into two categories. Those from defenders of TABOR took too much from education and provided only a short-term fix to TABOR. Those from the supporters of education and Amendment 23 took too little from education and went too far "fixing" TABOR by eliminating the chance for TABOR refunds once the economy and the state budget recover from the deep recession of the last three years.

As the session ended, we came close but my fellow Senators and I refused to send an incomplete or one-sided proposal to the voters.

Although we fell short at the end of the session, there is talk of a special session to build on the work of the last three days of the regular session.

If a special session is called it is hoped that a compromise solution to the fiscal crisis can be reached that can be supported by the Legislature, the governor and the citizens' groups involved in the process. It is in the governor's hands to call the special session and the voters must approve any proposed changes to TABOR and Amendment 23 but we are much closer now to a long-term solution to the fiscal crisis than we were at the beginning of the week.

Here is how we moved closer to a long-term solution.

On Tuesday morning, the last proposal standing was SCR04-024 sponsored by Sen. Steve Johnson, R-Fort Collins. The Johnson proposal was an updated version of State Treasurer Steve Coffman's "Rainy Day" fund proposal, which Coffman had proposed in February.

The Johnson proposal eliminated the 1-percent increase in state funding for K-12 education required under Amendment 23 for two years and increases the TABOR spending cap by $500 million over two years by borrowing from the TABOR surplus.

The Johnson proposal was amended to set aside more money for K-12 education in later years. Before a vote on final passage Johnson agreed to two additional amendments offered by Sen. Moe Keller, D-Wheatridge, and Sen. Ken Gordon, D-Denver.

Sen. Keller's amendment included relief from some elements of TABOR for local governments and special districts. Sen. Gordon's amendment eliminated the ratcheting-down effect. Both passed, but the Johnson resolution still fell six votes short of the 24 necessary for passage.

Things got interesting after the vote against the Johnson proposal when a group of us went to the governor's office with an idea: If the governor would support the amended Johnson proposal, we would work to get the six votes necessary to pass the resolution upon reconsideration.

We waited in the governor's office for about 40 minutes but were called back to the Senate floor. The governor appeared on the Senate floor about an hour later and in a meeting with Democratic leadership, said he would consider supporting the Johnson compromise if the local government relief from TABOR did not significantly raise local taxes.

Unfortunately by 8 p.m. when the governor came back with his concerns regarding the relief for the local governments it was too late to fix the proposal and the measure failed again on reconsideration.

For a prosperous future for the people of Colorado, we need to make the necessary fiscal reforms today.

Thanks to the hard work at the end of the regular session, the building blocks of a long-term solution are on the table. I am confident that if the governor calls a special session, the Legislature, governor and citizens' groups can craft a long-term solution to our growing fiscal crisis. Stay tuned.


Governor and Senate should compromise

Rep. Larson's Report

Driving home last Thursday, the day after session, I listened to the Mike Rosen Show on the radio. Rosen was lamenting the failure of the Legislature to come up with an answer to the constitutional amendment-created fiscal problems that are threatening Colorado's quality of life and economic future.

Listening to his show and hearing the somewhat ignorant comments being made, I sighed deeply at the mess our state is still in and the lack of leadership the Legislature exuded.

Late in the session the House took up four concurrent resolutions, each proposing ideas to remedy the structural deficiency or at least to provide temporary relief. These four measures offered significantly different plans for handling this "Perfect Storm."

Ideas ranged from creating a rainy day fund, to personal income growth ceiling limits, to a two year retention of the TABOR surplus ... some ideas fairly simplistic, some complicated.

Most bills proposed a combination of options that rendered the sponsor's desired impact on the budget.

While debating the resolutions in the House, the tone was about working together and sending all measures to the Senate for consideration. While I have definite concepts that I would like to see referenced to the voters, I swallowed hard on a couple of the proposals and voted them out so that the discussion could be had in the Senate. The Senate failed to meet the challenge.

All of the concurrent resolutions the House sent over were killed either in committee or on the floor.

The message that came back to the House was that partisan bickering and a refusal to compromise won the day.

I asked a few senators how this could happen, pointing out the house was willing to talk. The responses I got smelled of election year foulness seasoned with irrational justifications of "too tight of a title" or "couldn't trust the House" or "didn't get what I wanted."

The fact of the matter is that the Senate sent no measures over to the House for consideration ... zero, zip, not one.

An effort to raise one remaining hope (ugly as it was) once again failed because the minority party insisted on adding provisions of local inclusion (which was never discussed in the house) and because the majority party, well, I never got the same answer twice from any of them.

One excuse that routinely came up (in both houses) astounded me. Too many times I heard questions about what the governor thought about this or that. Now, if the governor had to sign the concurrent resolutions before they could be placed on the ballot (which he doesn't), then I might worry about what he had to say. But to suppose that his opposition would in some way indicate the failure or success of a referendum baffled me. Doesn't anyone remember Referendum A? Legislators need to worry more about what their constituents want, not the administration.

Now that the session is over and the remaining hope for a constitutional fix rests with the initiative process, Rosen's comments highlight my concerns.

If voters (like Rosen) are looking for a single initiative to be promulgated that addresses TABOR and Amendment 23 all in one, it will not happen. The constitutional single subject law prevents multiple issues being proposed under one title.

Since TABOR and Amendment 23 are significantly different issues, they cannot be addressed on one initiative. However, the Legislature can, through a stretch in its plenary powers, refer a ballot initiative that avoids the single subject rule.

Now the question once again is whether the Senate leadership and the governor can get together and craft a reasonable compromise ... for Colorado. If there is not agreement before hand, calling for a special session of the Legislature will simply be a waste of time and taxpayer money.


Parelli open house for public is June 5

Ever wonder what's beyond that "Parelli International Savvy Center" sign off U.S. 160 three miles west of Pagosa Springs?

Local residents are invited to satisfy their curiosity by coming to the Parelli Natural Horsemanship Open House, Saturday, June 5, from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. The Parelli ranch, nestled against the tree-studded mountains, will be alive with demonstrations on horseback.

There will be classes in action, tournaments on horseback, tours of the ranch and wagon rides. If horses are your passion, you'll come away with more secrets to success with horses than you thought possible. If horses aren't your passion when you arrive, they're bound to be when you leave.

Pat and Linda Parelli will host this year's event. For over 20 years, Pat Parelli has created a system of developing a relationship with horses that is based on psychology, communication, love, language and leadership. Pat has learned how to create a partnership between human and horse by understanding the needs and responses of both prey animals (horses) and predators (humans). This system of training and relating to horses has gleaned remarkable accolades throughout the world, from beginners to Olympic medalists.

So if you love horses, have ridden all your life, or are simply thinking about getting a horse, the Parelli Open House will provide you with inspiration and information.

Eat, laugh, learn, play - a great way to spend a Saturday with your family. For more information about the open house visit www.parelli. com (map is on Web site) or call 731-9400.


Wheel Power Christian cyclists will visit here

By Jerry Arrington

Special to The PREVIEW

It is not unusual for visitors to pass through Pagosa Springs during the summer months while on vacation, but one enthusiastic group will be arriving in an unusual way.

The Wheel Power Christian Cyclists, a bicycling ministry across America, will arrive in Pagosa Springs May 28 and depart May 31.

The group began its journey in San Francisco May 10 and will travel some 2,500 miles to Yorktown Beach, Va., arriving July 10.

Team members range in age from 18-68. All members are part of a worldwide nondenominational, evangelistic ministry.

"Wheel Power stands for Witnessing, Helping, Evangelism, Encouraging and Loving as we Pedal Our Way to Eternal Rewards."

As the team makes its way across the nation, they present challenging and Christ-centered messages through music, drama and slide presentations. Playing guitars and singing, the team tells of God's power to change lives and how God's love will always prevail.

They are pedaling and proclaiming the message to all they meet: "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten son, Jesus Christ, that whosoever believes in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life." John 3:16.

The group is led by founder and cycling world record holder Judy Bowman of Lynchburg, Va. Bowman is a full-time home missionary in the United States and her personal testimony is a remarkable story of God's love and direction which she eagerly shares along the way as she and her team bicycle across the country.


Unitarians will hear 'Healing the Patriarchal Imagination'

Mary Hardy, a retired Episcopal priest and associate rector of St. Mark's Episcopal Church in Durango, will address the Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship Sunday, May 16, as the fourth speaker in the series "The Power of Women in Religion."

She will speak as a feminist theologian on "Healing the Patriarchal Imagination."

This talk will address the importance of inclusive theological language for God and self in worship. It will also explore locating life-giving models in Hebrew Scriptures for women in the feminine personification of God, and the New Testament women who ministered to Jesus - particularly Mary Magdalene.

The Rev. Mary Hardy was the first ordained woman priest for the Diocese of Louisiana. In 2002, she co-founded Wellspring Mountain Spiritual Retreats In Wilderness Settings with her business partner, Celeste Wood.

These nature retreats help women reconnect with God, with themselves and with each other in a nurturing, supportive environment. Retreats may include river rafting, kayaking, camping in the desert, and creative activities such as art, music and sacred movement.

The service and children's program will begin at 4:30 p.m.

The Fellowship is now meeting in its new permanent home in Unit 15, Greenbriar Plaza, on Greenbriar Drive, off North Pagosa Boulevard. Unit 15 is on the east (back) side of the commercial plaza. Turn east on Greenbriar Drive off of North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big new sign. All are welcome.


Workshop on 'design for heart and home' set for area women

First Baptist Church Women's Ministry will host a workshop for women 8:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. June 12. There will be a $5 registration fee that will cover a noon luncheon and all materials.

Theme for the event is "Design for Heart and Home" featuring guest speaker Vikki Walton from Colorado Springs, an interior designer, award-winning writer and frequent speaker at Christian women's events.

She combines the humor and tragedies of life with God's Word to inspire others in their walk with the Lord.

In addition to Walton's message to the group, there will be special breakout sessions dealing with topics of specific interest to women.

Ada McGowan will speak on "Hospitality: Reflecting Christ in Your Home"; Peggy Forrest on "Creating Character Qualities and Memories in Your Home"; Judy Patton on "Building and Maintaining Relationships in the body of Christ"; Tina Hughes and Anne Broyles on "Praying for Your Family"; and Cynthia Minor on "A Woman Who Hurts and a God Who Heals."

All ladies in the Pagosa Springs area are invited. Please preregister by calling First Baptist

Church office, 731-2205. Childcare will be provided for children through age 4.

If you have children needing care, please advise the church when you preregister and bring a sack lunch for your child June 12.

The deadline for preregistraton is May 30.


House of Prayer summer camp for kids set June 1-3

Registration forms are available at Community Bible Church, 264 Village Drive, for the International House of Prayer children's camp scheduled June 1-3.

The forms also can be downloaded from the IHP Web site at

Virginia Humphreys, children's ministry director at Community Bible Church, said the camps and retreats are a training ground for children to experience God's healing compassion and power for the lost, the sick and broken hearted.

Cost is $110 (additional children in same family $100). With groups of 10 or more, the leader gets in free. Cost includes everything needed to have the best week of a lifetime with food, lodging, Signs and Wonders Teaching Syllabus for Children, recreation, T-shirt and more. After Saturday, May 15, cost is $135.

Checks should be made to CBC and note Children's Signs and Wonders Camp.

For more information, call Humphreys at 731-2937.


Chair Event means seat for Relay for Life funding

Chair Event. It's a plain-sounding name for an activity that produces a lot of colorful items.

Chair Event. It's an adjunct to the annual American Cancer Society Relay for Life. The Relay will take place June 11-12, but the Chair Event is going on right now, right up until 8:30 p.m. June 11 when the bells ring or the whistles blow, and the silent auction ends.

Local artists, 4-H groups, and various other people have contributed their time and talents to create one-of-a-kind chairs, tables, stools and miniature decorative items, all in the interest of raising money for the Relay for Life and the work done by the American Cancer Society in our area.

You can see the finished works this month at various local banks. Even better, you can place a bid on one that strikes your fancy, one that would look just right in your home or on your porch.

But you can't quit there. All the chairs and other items will be gathered up June 10 and taken to the big tent in Town Park at the Relay for Life on the afternoon of June 11, where the silent auction will continue until 8:30.

So if there's one you have your heart set on, you better show up that evening and hang around to make sure you're not being outbid.

During the last half-hour the tent can get pretty crowded, as people surreptitiously watch each other and keep an eye on the bidding sheets. I'm told that tension rises. Hearts beat faster. Anticipation mounts.

Paula Bain, herself an artist, started the Chair Event after moving here three years ago from the Midwest. She structured the project, which takes plain chairs and turns them into works of art, on a similar event in Illinois.

Some of the chairs are found objects, some are acquired at a fairly low price from thrift stores or at garage sales, and some have been donated by local merchants.

Paula admits that thinking about acquiring chairs and lining up artists or other talented people goes on "most of the year." A year ago last spring, Ron and Cindy Gustafson were attending a downtown march to honor servicemen and women, when they spied a rocking chair that someone had left beside the hot springs fountain on Main Street.

The chair was missing an arm, but otherwise it was in good shape. "I just know someone didn't have the heart to take that chair to the dump," says Cindy. "They left it there to be found by someone who would recognize its good qualities."

The Gustafsons brought the chair to Paula, who agreed with their assessment but wondered how she'd get a new arm for the chair. It sat in her garage for months, until her neighbor Harold Slavinski came to the rescue and created a new arm that perfectly matches the remaining one. Paula then tried a number of stains on the new wood, mixing and experimenting, until the new arm was the same color as the original. She then painted a decorative scene featuring a white mountain goat across the back. Sewing wizard Judy Clay made a matching cushion. Thus a discarded object has been granted a new life and is waiting to be purchased at the Chair Event.

There are a couple of miniature items that would grace someone's shelves or make a charming gift for a young girl. One began life as an tiny unfinished wooden garden swing complete with awning. Paula painted it and added miniature flowerpots to the sides. She found a small doll with red hair to sit in it. When the work was completed, it seemed appropriate to add Anne of Green Gables across the awning.

Paula or her husband Gene often have to do repair work on old chairs to make them sturdy again and able to hold someone's weight, although many of the ones for sale are almost too pretty to sit on.

Perhaps the most unusual chair in the Event is one that resembles a black and white mosaic. While the arms, back and legs are painted, the seat has been covered with irregular black and white pieces of tile. This chair is robust, and you wouldn't be nervous about sitting on it.

See and bid on this year's Chair Event items at local banks and the Sisson Library between now and June 10. The final bidding will take place under a tent at Town Park during the Relay for Life between 6 and 8:30 p.m. Friday June 11.


Humane Society celebrates anniversaries, prepares to build

By Frank Schiro

Special to The PREVIEW

Anniversaries are always special occasions, and that is certainly true for the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs.

This year, Pagosa's local animal advocates celebrate not one, but two special anniversaries.

The Humane Society is proudly facing its 20th year of helping homeless pets and other animals in need.

Additionally, the Humane Society Thrift Store, the store that helps the ones that help the animals, marks it's 10th anniversary of providing part of the important funds that keep the Humane Society going.

The Humane Society of Pagosa Springs looks back to interesting beginnings. It started in 1984 (then called the Upper San Juan Humane Society) with a donation of a gold Krugerrand. Debra Rinker Brown raffled the coin to start the initial construction fund for the present building. Soon afterward, Pagosa's adopted singer-laureate, Dan Fogelberg, performed a benefit concert that raised an additional $20,000.

From that exciting beginning, Archuleta County, and the human as well as animal population, have seen tremendous growth. Archuleta County's population doubled between 1989 and today. It is predicted to double again by 2010.

Along with the increased number of people come an increased number of household pets. Unfortunately, the Humane Society's current location will not allow the animal shelter to grow to accommodate the increased numbers.

In its need for a new facility, a number of requirements are cited. Insufficient space, inadequacy of health systems, maintenance expenses, noise complaints and limited accessibility are just some of the problems posed by the current site. Fortunately, benefactors were once again ready to come to the rescue.

Two private donors provided the funding in 2000 to purchase 11 acres of land adjacent to the industrial park on Cloman Boulevard. Architectural plans are near completion. The Humane Society is actively seeking to hire a professional capital campaign manager. Current executive director Robbie Schwartz is hoping the new facilities may be available as early as October 2004.

As it has the past 10 years, the Humane Society Thrift Store will play a vital role in supplying funds for the ongoing operations and the new facility at the Humane Society. The Thrift Store first opened its doors in November 1994 under the name The Pack Rack Thrift Store. The store was originally located on Lewis Street. From there if moved to South Sixth Street and finally landed at it's current location on Pagosa Street. The staff celebrated a grand opening June 3, 2000.

Besides the shelter and the thrift store, there are a couple of other factors that have led to the Human Society's local success. Volunteers and local veterinarians have also ensured that operations run smoothly and animals are well cared for.

In 2003, over 125 volunteers contributed over 9,600 hours to the Humane Society. Local fund-raising activities, like the recent Chocolate Auction, raised over $3,000. Even the board of directors gets in the act, donating over 1,200 hours last year.

Other organizations that give time and work closely with the Humane Society include the sheriff's office, the town of Pagosa Springs, the local 4-H Club, the Girls Scouts of America, the Archuleta County Victims Advocate and the Builders Association. As the Humane Society's Web site proclaims, "Volunteers are the heart of the Humane Society."

All four veterinarian clinics in Archuleta County, and a mobile veterinarian from New Mexico, also work closely with the Humane Society. Together, they donated over $8,000 worth of medical services in 2003. These services went toward emergency and general medical care as well as discount spay and neuter services. Local vets also donate time training the shelter staff. With their generous help, over 430 dogs and cats were spayed and neutered last year.

Finally, the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs gives back to the human population of Pagosa Springs as well as to the animal population. The Humane Society has adopted 14 classrooms in Pagosa Springs to receive KIND (Kids in Nature's Defense) News. KIND is a four-page classroom newspaper that focuses on the value of kindness toward people, animals and the environment. Each classroom costs $30 to adopt, but "the educational benefits far out way the costs" according to Schwartz.

Other than the few annual fund-raising events, the Humane Society relies heavily on financial support from private donations. As a private, nonprofit organization the Society does not receive any funds from state or national organizations.

Since it is an animal charity, the Humane Society is also ineligible to receive funds from the United Way. The Society's Web site states that memberships and donations covered the cost of food, vaccines, medicine, veterinarian care and shelter supplies for the year.

If you are interested in helping this organization celebrate anniversaries for years to come, and would like to volunteer, become a "Friend of the Humane Society," or donate toward the capital campaign, you are encouraged to call the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs at 264-5549. All the animals and the staff will appreciate your kindness.


'Free fishing' days June 5-6 in state waters

Colorado residents and state visitors will have the opportunity to fish without a license June 5-6 as part of the annual "Colorado's Free Fishing Days."

The free fishing days are set aside each year for the first full weekend in June as part of ongoing efforts by the Colorado Division of Wildlife to introduce people to the sport of fishing.

"We want people to take advantage of this opportunity and get out there with their friends and family and give fishing a try," said Robin Knox, sportfish coordinator for the DOW.

"The more people we can introduce to the recreational opportunities available in the state, the better it will be for Colorado's natural resources in the future."

During the free fishing days, anglers without licenses will not be ticketed. However, normal bag limits, possession limits and regulations will remain in effect. For more information on state fishing regulations, participants should consult the 2004 Colorado Fishing Brochure, which is available online at, or at DOW and licensed agents offices.

The DOW's weekly Colorado fishing report has a list of where interested parties can take advantage of the free fishing days. The report contains angling information on bodies of water across the state, a list of recently stocked waters, weekly hot spots, and techniques that have proven successful for the state's most productive lakes, streams and ponds.

The Colorado fishing report can be found once a week in most Colorado newspapers, and online at The report can also be heard via telephone by calling (303) 291-7534.

Throughout the rest of the year, anglers who are 16 or older need to purchase a license before casting a fishing line. Fishing licenses can be purchased over the Internet as part of the DOW's efforts to improve customer service.

An annual resident fishing license costs $20.25, and an annual nonresident license costs $40.25. One-day, five-day and senior annual fishing licenses are also available. Fishing licenses can be purchased at DOW offices, from licensed agents at many sporting goods or supermarket locations, or online at


Elk Foundation plans annual banquet, auction

Members of the local Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation invite everyone to attend the annual banquet June 5 at the fairgrounds Extension building.

Foundation members are excited about the fine selection of auction and raffle items this year. Doors open at 5:30 p.m. with a catered dinner at 6:30 p.m. and the fun will continue into the evening.

Money raised at the event will go to habitat improvement projects benefiting all wildlife. Please come out to support this great cause.

To purchase tickets to the banquet or to make a tax-deductible donation of an item to be sold the evening of the banquet, call Fran at 731-5903.


Land alliance moves and hires part-time executive director

By Bruce Andersen

Special to The SUN

It's easy to look around Pagosa country and see growth, development and "For Sale" signs almost everywhere. The key word in that statement is "almost."

There are many landowners out there who want to retain the open space, agricultural feel and wildlife habitat of their property. That's where the Southwest Land Alliance can help.

The Southwest Land Alliance is our local land trust. Simply put, land trusts help landowners who want to protect their land from development through a formal process called a conservation easement.

In a conservation easement, the landowner recognizes the conservation values of the land (open space, scenic vistas, wildlife habitat, agricultural uses, or historic preservation) and states his/her desires for the future protection of those values. Restrictions on land use are identified, and it becomes the job of the land trust to monitor and enforce those desires on into the future.

In order to continue with this work, the Land Alliance has recently hired Linda Newberry, also an SLA board member, to serve as part-time executive director. Her background with land trusts on the West Coast, working with ranchers on habitat and water conservation issues and with tribes and government agencies on natural resource projection, guarantees she brings tremendous skill and experience to Pagosa area land conservation.

As part of the effort to serve the needs of the community in this endeavor, the Southwest Land Alliance moved its office to 216 B Pagosa St., alongside Artemsia Botanicals. Look for the side entrance to the same building.

The airy space provides a nice environment for assisting landowners with information and guidance on the conservation easement process and generous incentives, and gives the SLA board and committees meeting space.

The vision for 2004 and beyond calls for greater SLA outreach and visibility in the community, increased financial growth and stability, greater capacity to do its work, and enhanced board operations and effectiveness.

To accomplish this, everyone in the community is welcomed to get involved in some way. New members are being accepted as are volunteers and advisors. There is also room on the board of directors for active participation. Call the office at 264-7779 or drop in Tuesday or Thursday afternoons.

And, watch for announcements for the spring Picnic by the Pond scheduled June 12 next to the Pagosa Springs Community Center and the town wetlands, a conservation easement property next to the San Juan River.

With everyone's help, we can preserve a bit of open space for future generations of Pagosans.


Elk licensing increased to a record 147,000 for 2004 hunt

By Chuck McGuire

SUN Columnist

The Colorado Wildlife Commission approved more than 147,000 antlerless and either-sex elk licenses for the 2004 big-game season - the most in state history. The move reflects an elk herd that exceeds population objectives in some areas of the state.

The Commission also approved nearly 35,000 antlerless and either-sex deer licenses and nearly 69,000 antlered deer licenses for the 2004 season, a 10 percent increase over 2003.

Despite warm, dry weather last fall, hunters killed 57,330 elk in 2003, more than most wildlife managers expected, said John Ellenberger, the Colorado Division of Wildlife (DOW) big-game manager.

"The 2003 harvest helped managers make progress in managing the size of the state's elk herd," Ellenberger said. "Although some herd units continue to exceed their long-term objectives, our agency is committed to reducing elk populations where needed."

Ellenberger said a variety of innovative hunting opportunities and seasons will be made available to manage elk, particularly in portions of northwest Colorado, where the state's largest herds are found.

The approaches include an unlimited number of antlerless elk licenses during the fourth season in game management units (GMUs) 3, 301, 4, 441 and 5 and unlimited antlerless elk licenses in all four rifle seasons in units 25 and 26.

Colorado's deer herds - reduced in the early 1990s due to brutal winters and poor habitat conditions in some areas - continue to improve.

"An increased number of herd units are at or above their long-term populations and sex-ratio objectives resulting in more antlered and antlerless licenses available for hunters in select areas of the state, including Craig, Meeker and Middle Park," Ellenberger said.

Drought continues to impact the state's pronghorn antelope population, however, resulting in a reduction in rifle licenses from nearly 8,300 in 2003 to more than 7,800 for the coming hunting season.

The number of limited rifle bear licenses for the 2004 season will drop slightly to 2,874, while moose licenses will increase slightly from 115 in 2003 to 132 in 2004.

The Commission also approved a series of policies that will serve as guidelines for development of regulations for a new big-game season structure that will be approved this coming October. The season structure will formally establish season dates, method of take, preference points and other key regulations for the 2005-2009 seasons for deer, elk, moose, pronghorn and black bear in Colorado.

More than three dozen people testified on specific aspects of the season structure policy during the Commission meeting, reflecting the importance of the policy structure to big-game hunting in the state. After a lengthy discussion that continued until the early evening last Thursday in Grand Junction, the Commission approved policies on a variety of hunting issues. They include:

- disease management policy, which would cover chronic wasting disease (CWD) in deer and elk, will be considered in the development of biological parameters and management strategies for data analysis units (DAUs) around Colorado

- general guidelines the DOW already uses to set seasons - including a limited number of licenses in early and late seasons and primary rifle seasons in October and November - will remain in place

- up to 30 percent of elk herds in the state will be managed through "limited opportunity" hunts, compared to 17 percent under the existing season structure policy. Hunters must apply for these licenses in early April. The number of available licenses changes annually.

- up to 60 percent of limited licenses will be allocated to resident hunters unless the number of resident applicants is below 60 percent. Nonresidents can receive up to 40 percent

- the Commission will ask the state Division of Parks and Outdoor Recreation and federal land management agencies to adopt regulations that would reduce the impacts that off-road vehicles have on wildlife populations and hunting opportunities. In addition, the DOW may seek legislation of its own to allow the Wildlife Commission to further regulate the use of off-road vehicles as hunting aids. Misuse of off-road vehicles is one of the most common complaints the DOW receives each fall from hunters.

The Commission also approved a regulation that limits the scientific collection of wildlife for "bona fide research" purposes. A scientific collecting license will be required to collect wildlife for such research.


Hate mongers

Dear Editor:

The Pagosa right wing hate mongers persist in writing letters to The SUN, even though it is apparent that they have no talent for such an endeavor.

Their writing ability seems to be limited to parroting the lies of their right wing media. From their letters, it is obvious they hate all fellow Americans and foreigners who have the audacity to disagree with them.

They claim to be Americans and Christians, but judging from their letters, they are neither. I learned in the third grade that true Americans cherish their freedom to speak and vote their conscience.

I learned in my mother's Sunday School class that Yahweh's two great commandments are to love God and your neighbor.

Certain letter writers never learned these lessons.

May God have mercy on their souls.

Bob Dungan


Not notified

Dear Editor:

I have managed to stay out of the 'fray' until now. Unfortunately, I feel compelled to respond to Pat Curtis' letter in The Pagosa Springs SUN May 6, 2004.

I was the "on-call" medical provider the morning of the school bus accident April 30. Contrary to his assertion, I was available and ready to respond. Erroneously, the correct protocol was not followed that morning and I was never paged.

I was unofficially notified by an alert employee of the clinic who happened to be monitoring radio traffic that morning, and who took it upon herself to contact me. I arrived at the Mary Fisher Medical Center before the ambulance and had the urgent care department ready for their imminent arrival.

I was surprised when I saw the ambulance pull up at Pagosa Family Medicine instead. I immediately went over to Pagosa Family Medicine to see if I could help, but by then the medical providers at that facility told me they had everything under control.

We do, indeed, have 24/7 on-call coverage through the Mary Fisher Medical Center, but it's not much good to anyone if the system is not used appropriately.

Once again, it appears that communication is the key. I am very committed to providing excellent medical care in this community but cannot do so if my services are not utilized.

Jonathan "Jonti" Fox

Physician assistant

Not the first

Dear Editor:

The front page photo of the "first" bath houses at the Pagosa Hot Springs was well done and a welcome sight. I enjoy seeing Pagosa's heritage promoted.

A problem exists, however, and it sort of scratches at my craw. That picture is of a remodeling project on existing bathhouses at the hot springs, not of the first bath house.

A picture of the first bathhouse, erected in 1881, is included with this week's "Oldtimer" column.

Sources for dating Tom Blair's first bath house include newspapers at Summitville, Silverton, Durango, and Del Norte. Bad history is like chicken pox, it often leaves marks you can never get rid of.


John M. Motter

Museum opening

Dear Editor:

The San Juan Historical Society Museum will open May 17. We are looking for volunteers. Those who want to volunteer, should call 264-4424 between the hours of 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Saturday.


Ann Oldham


Dear Editor:

Now that the election is over, let's hope that the unnecessary and fruitless badgering will come to an end.

This letter is a purely statement of facts to correct misinformation disseminated by Pat Curtis in his letter published in the May 6 edition of The SUN. Contrary to what he says, the on-call provider at Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center was available and on premises to take care of the victims of the car and school bus collision, on Friday morning April 30, 2004.

When the ambulance showed up next door at Pagosa Family Medicine, he walked over to offer help with the needed care. On a previous occasion, it worked the other way around, at the time of a major accident on Wolf Creek Pass: Dan Keuning P.A. came over to Mary Fisher Clinic to assist with the care of multiple victims. An apology is not expected, even though one would be in order.

Since "the Sun reserves the right to edit letters," it would seem appropriate to verify accuracy before publishing, especially when accusations are made.

Do not expect to recruit and keep health care providers in this community unless you stop undermining their credibility and dedication.


 Guy Paquet M.D.

Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center

Editor's note: You are correct to note our lack of a call to you or your staff. We relied on radio communications during the event in question; we should have called you to verify what we heard.

Election concern

Dear Editor:

The election is over and it is time to go forward. I wish to inform the public about two aspects of the voting process. The first was that of counting the ballots; the other was the act of canvassing the result - the final approval that the count was legal.

Because of the political criticism Dee Jackson was being subjected to, she contacted board members for permission to sign over the counting procedure to the county clerk as she did not want the public to have reason to believe there was impropriety in the procedure. Members of the board were in agreement and the county clerk was willing to accept the transfer of this responsibility; it was by Dee's request that this was done.

The second issue of concern to our public was that of final "canvassing of the results," which was the responsibility of Dee Jackson. This responsibility required that she authenticate the results as true and accurate. She had hoped to complete this within two days following the election; however, she discovered that 30 provisional ballots had not been counted. While 30 votes would not alter the results considerably, it was simply the principle of the matter - that if a person votes, the vote should be counted.

Yes, she could easily have accepted this knowing that it would have no affect on the outcome of the election; however if this was deemed legal in this election, would this be considered appropriate in future elections where the results could be affected?

So, Dee Jackson was unable to approve the results as true until those 30 ballots were counted. It took a few days to locate an election judge to authenticate and count then. This caused a delay of several days but she was finally in a legal position to canvass the results within the required seven days following the election.

Patty Tillerson

Editor's note:

With any luck, this will be the last time we must relay "another side" of a story regarding the health service district. According to Archuleta County Clerk June Madrid, it was she who initiated the process that led to her office taking responsibility for the vote count. Madrid said, following a class she conducted for election judges, she received an e-mail from the district indicating the procedure would be changed. At that point, Madrid placed a call to the Colorado Secretary of State then, with information in hand, contacted the district's then-executive director and notified her the clerk's office would do the count.

Madrid said she left for a clerk's workshop in Colorado Springs immediately following the election with knowledge there were 12 provisional ballots in question due to their lack of an ID. She inquired about the ballots at the workshop and was told to count them. According to Madrid, there were 38 ballots disallowed, the majority of them coming from the health district office location where they had been allowed to be placed in plain envelopes without signatures.

Roads or smokes?

Dear Editor:

It appears to me that the county commissioners responsible for roads would be more interested in the condition of our county roads rather than people smoking in front of the courthouse.

Ronny White


Community News
Senior News

Pagosa senior third in national photo contest

The secret of why Musetta went to Washington, D.C. can now be revealed.

Last January senior centers around the nation were given the opportunity to enter a photo contest sponsored by the Administration on Aging with the theme of "Aging Well, Living Well." The only requirements were the photographer be at least age 60; the photo could be multigenerational and a short essay was to accompany the photo.

We had three fantastic entries and I chose the photo submitted by Phyllis Collier to send to Washington, D.C. In late March I was notified that the photo won third place in the nation.

One hundred eight photos were submitted to the AoA. The first, second and third place winners and their senior center representatives were flown to D.C. for an awards ceremony on Capitol Hill; unfortunately Phyllis was unable to make the trip.

The award ceremony was great and it was nice to meet the folks in Washington as well as the other winners. We plan to have our own awards ceremony as soon as Phyllis is available; in the meantime you can check out the photos at

ElderWatch Hotline

The Hotline, also known as the Colorado Consumer Line, is shared between the Office of the Colorado Attorney General, all four Better Business Bureaus serving Colorado and AARP Elder Watch. By calling (800) 222-4444 and pressing Option 2 for ElderWatch, older Coloradans can request information about lotteries, charities, investments, home repair or other financial transactions.

One of the goals of AARP ElderWatch is to encourage seniors to call before they sign a contract or part with their money. The hotline is staffed Monday through Friday, 9 a.m.-4 p.m. All calls are confidential.

Seniors can also use the AARP ElderWatch hotline to report elder abuse or exploitation. Elder abuse is one of the most under reported crimes throughout the United States. The hotline was established to encourage reporting by providing a confidential and non-judgmental place for seniors or their families to call.

Too often, victims of abuse suffer in silence. They are reluctant to report because of fear, embarrassment, shame or hopelessness. Many victims don't believe that anyone can help them. And while recovering money lost to exploitation is difficult, reporting the abuse is essential to stopping it.

People who prey on the elderly know that their crimes may go unreported. Knowledge of victims' silence only encourages predators to continue their fraudulent or illegal activities. Help stop financial elder abuse. Get information and assistance and protect your money. Report financial exploitation and fraud.

We will not have a MicroSoft Word class May 14, but Patty Tillerson will be here to do blood pressure checks and our senior board meeting will be at 1 p.m.

For all you non-Norwegians, May 17 is Norwegian Independence Day. We will try to get our kites up in the air on that day at 1 p.m., if the wind cooperates. If it doesn't, we will try it again May 19.

Our volunteer meeting is also May 17 at 10:30 a.m. Please feel free to attend, so you can be the first to sign up for June.

May 18 is the free trip to Sky Ute Casino. Sign up for a spot on the bus in the dining room. Bev Brown will also be here to give massages at 1 p.m.

Come have lunch with us. If there are four or more of you coming to lunch on a special day, give us a call 24 hours in advance, so we will be sure and have enough food. Remember, we don't serve lunch on Thursdays.

Did you know the Durango and Silverton train will give seniors a 10-percent discount on their train rides if you go before June 13 or after Aug. 15. That means it's only $54 per person.

Maybe you want to consider a fall colors trip? Let me know if you want this as a senior trip option. If we get enough interest, we might be able to get another discount.

Old George remembers

Old George is thinking about the pastŠ

"Do you remember the 'old' cars?

"The other day I was recalling some of the models and makes of cars from days past like the Essex, Hudson and Dort. In those days cars were never subjected to weather. When winter arrived they were stored in the garage, placed up on jacks and drained of water and even oil.

"The beautiful springtime weather in Pagosa reminded me of the way we waited for spring to bring our cars out of storage. When the weather warmed up they would be taken from the blocks, filled with fluids and made ready for another 'fair-weather' driving season!"

Benefit concert

The third almost-annual benefit concert is approaching fast.

Folk Routes-Music from Around the World for Cello and Piano featuring cellist Philip Hansen with pianist Lisa Campi will perform 4 p.m. Saturday, May 22 ,at Community Bible Church.

Tickets are on sale at the Senior Center and the Chamber of Commerce. Adults are $10; seniors with membership card and children under 12 are $8. All proceeds will benefit the Archuleta Seniors, Inc. and the Silver Foxes Den Senior Center. We look forward to seeing you there.


Friday, May 14 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; no MicroSoft Word class; blood pressure check, 11 a.m.; senior board meeting, 1 p.m.

Monday, May 17 - Volunteer meeting, 10:30 a.m.; Medicare counseling 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; Bridge for Fun, 1 p.m.; kite flying, 1 p.m. (wind permitting)

Tuesday, May 18 - Yoga in Motion, 10 a.m.; Advanced computer class, 10:30; Massage, 11 a.m.-1 p.m. and Sky Ute Casino trip, 1 p.m.

Wednesday, May 19 - Beginning computer, 10:30 a.m.; Canasta, 1 p.m.; kite flying, 1 p.m. if it doesn't work on Monday

Friday, May 21 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; No MicroSoft Word class; free movie "Big Fish" 1 p.m.

Saturday, May 22 - Cello Concert by Phil Hansen at Community Bible Church, 4 p.m.


Friday, May 14 - BBQ chicken, marinated vegetable salad, Scandinavian vegetables, whole wheat roll, citrus cup

Monday, May 17 - Baked pollack nuggets, boiled potato, stewed tomatoes, muffin, and cinnamon applesauce

Tuesday, May 18 - Soup/sandwich, tossed salad, fruited Jello

Wednesday, May 19 - Braised beef, red bliss potato, spring blend, fruit cup/banana, whole wheat roll

Friday, May 21 - Turkey tetrazini, tossed salad, broccoli blend, muffin and pears


Library News

Seniors' Prom was a fabulous event

By Lenore Bright

SUN Columnist

We invite you to come by and pick up free information about water issues important to all of us here in the drought-stricken Southwest. Even though we have an abundance of snow this year, we are still in desperate need of water conservation and storage.

The Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District is providing many articles and brochures. One of the more interesting discusses 55 facts and follies of water conservation. I'd like to share some with you now, and please come in and pick up your own copy.

According to the American Water Works Association, there is as much water in the world today as there was thousands of years ago. Actually, it is the very same water. The water from your faucet contains molecules that dinosaurs drank. Perhaps Columbus sailed across it.

Nearly 97 percent of the world's water is salty or undrinkable. Another 2 percent is locked in ice caps and glaciers. That leaves just 1 percent for all of humanity's needs. The United States uses some 450 billion gallons every day. We drink very little of our good drinking water. (Less than 1 percent of the treated water is consumed. The rest goes on lawns, in washing machines and down the toilet.)

If you have a lawn, it is your biggest water gobbler. Typically, at least 50 percent is used outdoors. And inside your house, the bathroom claims nearly 75 percent. Of that, 40 percent gets flushed, 30 percent is used for showers and baths, and leaks take 5 percent.

These facts are important as we begin to consider how we are going to deal with water issues here in Archuleta County. It is time we all paid more attention. Come in and begin to educate yourself on our water future.

Five States of Colorado

The Colorado Endowment for the Humanities donated a video discussing our state and the many differences determined by geography.

It is a thought-provoking view of future problems we face including those having to do with water.

Some of the most beautiful photography in the video was shot here in our area. We encourage anyone interested in state politics to see this film.

Chair event

We are pleased to display the creations of Doug and Morna Trowbridge and Paula Bain in preparation for the American Cancer Society Relay for Life Chair Event.

These art pieces are up for a silent auction that will be held 6-8:30 p.m. June 11 in Town Park. You may bid on the three items on display at the library now.

More on hummingbirds

The Broad-tailed hummers are ones that nest here. The babies can fly about three to four weeks after hatching. Mom may start another nest even while still feeding her first pair. The nestlings can fall victim to jays, snakes, squirrels, cats and mice. If they survive childhood, they can live as long as a decade.

Radio reading service

We had hoped to have more information about this service but no luck so far. If you are interested in hearing The SUN read on the radio, please contact the Southwest Center for Independence at 259-1672.

Be bear aware

We live in bear habitat and have a responsibility to ourselves and the bears to learn to live together.

Use bear-proof garbage containers and clean them regularly with bleach. Don't put out garbage until trash pickup day.

If bears are present, remove all bird feeders including hummingbird feeders. Clean barbecue grills regularly with bleach.

If a bear enters your house, prop all exterior doors open, and don't get in its way.

Clean up what is attracting the bears to your home or neighborhood. Do not feed the bears and talk to your neighbors to see that everyone is taking the necessary precautions.


Thanks for building fund gifts in memory of Sue Gast from Roy and Elizabeth Gill and The Pagosa Springs Area Chamber of Commerce.

Other gifts came from Fred and June Ebeling; Barbara and Charles Waid in honor of the Welsh Nossaman Family. Thanks for materials from Beverly Haynes, Royce Kinnaman, Donna Carman, Scotty Gibson, Mitzi Hopper and Jim Wilson.


Chamber News

Migratory bird day features bird-banding demo

By Sally Hamiester

SUN Columnist

The public is invited to participate in International Migratory Bird Day to celebrate the annual spring migration of neotropical migratory birds to Southwest Colorado and to observe the bird-banding demonstrations from 8 a.m. until 2 p.m. on Tuesday, May 18.

This local event is sponsored by the U.S. Forest Service, Colorado Division of Wildlife and Bureau of Land Management to celebrate the annual spring arrival of migratory birds in southwestern Colorado. Every spring, 255 neotropical species, comprised of millions of individual birds, migrate to North America after wintering in Central and South America including such familiar birds as the robin, warbler, hummingbird and tanager.

A bird-banding station will be set up in the West Fork area about fourteen miles northeast of Pagosa Springs on U.S. 160, then north on West Fork Road, No. 648, until you see signs for the event. Participants should bring a picnic lunch, drinking water, binoculars and camera. The event may be held with light rain but will be cancelled if heavy rain occurs. If you would like more information, please contact Phyllis Decker or Gary Vos at the San Juan National Forest Pagosa Ranger District at 264-2268 or at the Colorado Division of Wildlife at (970) 247-0855.

Newsletter inserts

Don't forget to bring us your inserts for our upcoming quarterly newsletter, The Chamber Communiqué, before the deadline on Friday, May 21.

This is a terrific Chamber benefit that gives you a tremendous bang for your buck and very few bucks at that. You bring us 750 inserts with whatever it is that you want to share with the membership - new hours, new products, new location, special sales, whatever - and a check for $40 and we will take it from there. We ask that you not fold the 8 1/2-by-11-inch sheets and encourage you to use both sides and a snappy color to grab the readers' attention.

Give Doug a call at 264-2360 for more information, and please have your inserts in the Chamber office by May 21.

Business counseling

Since we're on the subject of Chamber benefits, another one of the true jewels is the opportunity to spend time receiving free business counseling from Joe Keck, director of the Small Business Development Center at Fort Lewis College when he comes to visit once a month.

I can't tell you the number of pleased members who have spent time with Joe and come away raving about what they have learned during their session. Joe will be here on Tuesday, May 25, and all you have to do is call us at 264-2360 to book an appointment beginning at 9 a.m. that day.

Karaoke contest

The third in the Karaoke Contest competition series at Squirrel's Pub was great fun featuring hits of the '80s with contestants decked out with big hair and black leather. Artists such as Pat Benetar, Berlin and Billy Idol were represented, and contestant Dale Schlot turned up the heat as he shed his leather skins and performed "Sweet Child of Mine" as Axel Rose. Friday's VIP judges included Ron and Cindy Gustafson, Jan Pitcher and avid local '80s fan, Jeff Laydon, who brought down the house with his "Funky Cole Medina" performance.

There are two nights of competition remaining in this Karaoke Contest, and this Friday, May 14, will feature the "Top Pop and Country Music of the '90s" beginning at 9:30 p.m.

After the fifth and final competition, cash prizes will be awarded to the winner along with a CD song compilation created from the contest. Second and third place winners will be recognized and elimination prizes will be awarded to those contestants who do not advance to the next rounds.

County fair

Just another reminder about the upcoming 2004 Archuleta County Fair sponsorship and donation options available to you to assure that we experience yet another fabulous fair.

Sponsorship levels are Platinum ($1,500), Gold ($1,000), Silver ($500) and Bronze ($250.) The Patron of the Fair donation is $100, and you are welcome to donate any amount of money. All sponsors will receive public recognition of their sponsorship in The SUN, on KWUF radio and at sponsored events and activities with a "sponsored by" sign posted in a conspicuous on-site location. Additionally, all sponsors/donors will be acknowledged on the new Archuleta County Fair Web site, and all major sponsors will have their logo (if they wish) displayed on the web site.

If you are interested in donating, sponsoring, volunteering or displaying your business banner during the fair, contact Marti Gallo at 264-3890. Those interested in sponsoring the demolition derby can contact Shellie Larkin at 731-9444. We encourage everyone in our community to get behind this wonderful tradition that will soon bring the 53rd Archuleta County Fair to both residents and visitors.

Folk routes

Tickets are now available at the Chamber and the community center for the upcoming performance of "Folk Routes - Music from Around the World for Cello and Piano" featuring Phillip Hansen and accompanist, Lisa Camp.

This will be Phillip's third visit to Pagosa Springs, and we are delighted he has chosen to return. The performance will be held at the Community Bible Church at 264 Village Drive on Saturday, May 22, at 4 p.m. Tickets are available at $10 for adults and $8 for children and seniors with a membership card. As always, proceeds from the concert will benefit the senior citizens of Archuleta County. Please call Musetta or Laura at 264-2167 for more information.

Music in the Mountains

Remember to pick up your tickets for one, two or all three of the much-anticipated Music in the Mountains concerts to be held at BootJack Ranch this summer.

The number of tickets is rapidly diminishing, and you simply don't want to be among those who are boo-hooing when they are all gone. The dates for these concerts are July 23, July 30 and Aug. 6, and all will be held on Friday evenings at BootJack Ranch beginning at 7 p.m.

Please plan to join us for one, two or all of these magnificent concerts featuring world-renowned classical musicians at BootJack Ranch.

If you would like to get on the mailing list for these and all future Music in the Mountains events, please call 385-6820 and specify that you want to be on the Pagosa Springs mailing list.

Hanging flower baskets

We sent out the letters last week concerning our annual hanging flower basket project and are looking forward to hearing from you.

The baskets will be a collaborative effort between Firma Lucas at the Ponderosa Garden Center and the folks at Spring Mountain Growers creating these little beauties especially for Chamber members. They will be 12-inch baskets filled with soil containing Hydrosorb crystals and time-released fertilizer. The flowers used are Proven Winners, Plant Select and especially drought resistant to endure our hot, windy Colorado summers. Just give us a call at 264-2360 with questions or fill out your order form and return it to us before the Wednesday, May 26, deadline.

Don't forget that the incredibly appealing thing about ordering your basket(s) is that a real-live, bonded, honest-to-Pete, bonafide, I'm-not-kidding Chamber of Commerce board director or staff member will deliver them sometime early in June right to your door. We deliver and that's what makes us so doggoned special.

Open house

Please join the good folks at Pacific Auction Exchange tonight to help them celebrate their new location at 301 North Pagosa Blvd., Suite B-16, in the Greenbrier Plaza. This grand opening celebration will include live music, hors d'oeuvres and a fun auction to benefit the Rising Stars of Pagosa Springs. As a little reminder to all of us that these are professional auction people, the party begins at 5:07 p.m. and wraps up at 7:07 p.m. We hope to see you all there this evening for the "new digs" celebration.


Last week I alluded to the fact that I had done some uncustomary whining the previous week because we have been so spoiled here at the Chamber by the weekly high number of new members and renewals, and that week wasn't quite up to par. Last week was a dandy one with five new members and five renewals, and this week is outrageously fabulous with four new members and eleven renewals. Just let me know if that whining thing works for you because it truly seems to have done the trick here.

Our first new member this week is F.T. Havens, secretary, Pagosa Lodge 122, Independent Order of Odd Fellows with the Lodge Hall located at 227 Lewis St. This local organization was chartered by the Grand Lodge of Colorado on Jan. 6, 1900, and has maintained continuous operation since that date. Over the years, this group has helped families who have suffered losses due to fire, death and illness with financial aid commensurate to the need and maintain the first two sections of Hill Top Cemetery. They meet on the second and fourth Monday evenings of the month at 7 p.m. and invite interested parties to contact Mike Felts at 731-9246 or Fitzhugh Havens at 264-5483.

Our next new member is Sara Blackard with Chambers and Associates located in Grand Junction. Chambers and Associates is a financial planning and investment organization that believes the preservation of principal is the foundation of any good retirement and estate plan and strives to have many satisfied, long-term clients. These folks can be reached in Grand Junction at (970) 241-6338 or toll free at (888) 540-8655.

We next welcome to membership Susan Frazier who brings us Giggleswick located at 138 Pagosa St. Giggleswick is a full-service floral shop offering fresh flowers, dried and silk flowers as well as live plants. You will also enjoy their upscale gift lines and their 100-percent satisfaction guarantee on all their cut flowers. Give Susan a call at 264-2160 or stop by and say hello the next time you're in their neighborhood.

Our fourth new member this week is Elaine Stumps with the Alzheimer's Association Colorado Charter located at 701 Camino del Rio No. 319 in Durango. This nonprofit organization is devoted to the research and cure for Alzheimer's disease as well as providing help to the caretakers of those afflicted with this unfortunate disease. To learn more about Alzheimer's Association Colorado Charter, please give them a call at 259-0122.

Our renewals this week include Coleen Myers with Wells Fargo Investments; Andrea Lyle with Kids with Horses Naturally; Harold R. Thompson, D.M.D.; Ron Geers with Wolf Creek Communications; Ken Fox with Archuleta County Airport-Stevens Field; Kim Velasquez with Homes and Land of SW Colorado located in Carbondale; Lili Pearson with Shutterbugs; William C. Hudgins with Sunetha Property Management; Rick and Jody Quon with Happy Camper R.V. Park; and Vectra Bank Colorado Mortgage Group.

Our associate member renewals this week include valued Chamber Diplomat, Jim Carson, and Chamber board director Angie Gayhart, and husband Ken. We are most grateful to each and every new member and renewal.


Veteran's Corner

Local vets will attend Memorial dedication

By Andy Fautheree

SUN Columnist

A number of our Archuleta County veterans are going to the World War II Memorial Dedication May 29 in Washington D.C.

The ones I know of who are going for sure are Bill Clark, who was the local coordinator and fund-raiser for the Memorial, Charles Young, Bert Hyde and John Walker. Those are the only ones I know for certain who are planning to attend.

We were fortunate in obtaining grant money from the Colorado Veteran's Trust Fund to help send three of these WWII veterans to the dedication. Charles Young, Bert Hyde and John Walker all received about $1,000 each in travel assistance. The grants were sought for these individuals through the American Legion Post 108 in Pagosa Springs.

In addition to the money received, Charlie Young, along with his daughter Debbie Mackey, also received free airline tickets, a donation courtesy of Frontier Airlines. They will fly out of Denver. Frontier Airlines donated 10 seats for Colorado veterans to travel to Washington D.C. for the dedication. I'm not sure if our folks used two of the 10 seats or Frontier donated an additional seat.

Limited number of grants

There were only 24 grants awarded for the whole state from the VTF.

I think Archuleta County certainly made its mark by obtaining three of the grants. In fact, we only submitted for three, and got all approved. Bill Clark had already made his plans when we learned about the grants.

Sen. Isgar helpful

State Sen. Jim Isgar certainly deserves a big thanks for this work on this project.

Sen. Isgar was the one who introduced a bill in Legislature last year to authorize the state to help its WWII veterans attend the dedication.

Funds for the grants came from the Veterans' Trust Fund, which is the money allocated by Colorado from the tobacco settlement funds you may have heard of.

This was certainly a worthy and deserving tribute for our WWII veterans.

Colorado Board of Veterans Affairs oversees the VTF grant program.

VTF grants

The VTF is the same source of money we appealed to two years ago when we succeeded in obtaining grants to purchase a new veterans VA health care transportation vehicle.

Archuleta County government, working hand-in-hand with the Pagosa Springs American Legion Post 108, also applied again this year for another grant to purchase a second vehicle for our veterans to use for transportation to their VA health care appointments.

As you may have read in this column recently our older vehicle purchased by Archuleta County in 1999 bit the dust a few weeks ago.

Archuleta County helps

Archuleta County government generously provides maintenance, licensing and insurance for our vehicles.

We owe them a big thanks for their help in this program. We veterans are very fortunate our county government provides a strong support of our needs and programs. Archuleta County, in spite of its small size and rural location, can feel great pride as a role model for other counties.

As good as the vehicles are for our veterans, we frequently need volunteer drivers to assist some of our veterans to get to VA health care appointments. Some of our veterans are in poor health or for other reasons cannot drive the vehicle themselves.

Volunteers needed

I try to maintain a list of volunteer drivers who can occasionally assist a fellow veteran with a VA health care trip.

Because of our remote location our veterans travel to five different VA health care facilities: Durango, Grand Junction, Farmington, Albuquerque and Chama (yes, that right Š I said Chama). The latter I call the "Chama Connection" and it has proved very useful for some of our local veterans in meeting their health care needs.

If you are interested in volunteering as a driver for a needy veteran, give me a call. I promise I won't call on your assistance too often. If you're retired or have some spare time occasionally what better thing could you do than help one of our own veterans get to a health care appointment?

For information on these and other veterans' benefits call or stop by the Veterans Service Office located on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, the fax number is 264-8376, and e-mail is The office is open from 8 to 4, Monday through Thursday, Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Arts Line

Joint exhibit features textile, cartoon creativity

By Leanne Goebel

PREVIEW Columnist

Bonnie Davies has been an artist since childhood, winning a National Junior Scholastic art scholarship and a Higgins Ink Gold Medal. Davies began illustrating and drawing cartoons in high school.

She has published illustrations in Bon Appetit and The Philadelphia Inquirer. From 1986 through 2000, Davies published weekly editorial cartoon in Metroweek Publishing Company newspapers throughout Pennsylvania. Her editorial cartoons illustrate lighthearted social commentary.

Currently, Davies creates cartoons for the Pagosa Springs Chamber of Commerce Newsletter.

Creativity has been a part of Rita O'Connell's life since childhood, as well. A scientist by education and inclination, O'Connell listened when the creative side of her brain demanded equal time. It showed itself in drawing and music during her school years, but most often surfaced as a need to create beauty in the functional side of life.

O'Connell learned a variety of textile arts as a child, but knitting is her favorite. Knitting, a source of serenity during years otherwise filled with busy-ness, also became the primary outlet for her creativity. She has explored the far edges of the technical skills of knitting, and allowed those skills to provide the abilities to create wearable and useful items of beauty and intricate color and/or texture. For O'Connell, knitting links to the generations of human ancestors who went beyond utility to add beautiful details to the garments they created to clothe themselves and their families.

As her knitting became more artful, O'Connell decided to make buttons and jewelry to compliment her textile projects. "That's when I began exploring creating and sculpting with polymer clay," O'Connell said. "Basketry, on the other hand, tied into other interests of mine - ethnobotany (the use of plants by people), biology and Native American arts. To be able to gather my own materials in the wild and prepare them, and then transform them into unique baskets, is such a profound tie to Mother Earth."

Davies and O'Connell will exhibit their unique creations at the Pagosa Springs Arts Council Gallery in Town Park, May 20 - June 16.


Advanced art students from Pagosa Springs High School are exhibiting their art work through May 19 at the gallery in Town Park. This popular show is an opportunity to showcase the talent of young artists and to create dialogue about our society and the issues and ideas that impact young people today. Support our local high school students at a reception 5-7 p.m. Friday, June 7.

Artists' opportunity

Call for entries: Contemporary Art Exhibition at the new Evergreen Arts Center, June 26-Aug. 1. Juror for this event is Patty Ortiz, director of programming for the Museum of Contemporary Art Denver. Entry deadline is June 1. Mail entry to: Contemporary Art Exhibition, Evergreen Arts Center, 23003B Ellingwood Trail, Evergreen, Colorado 80439. Visit or call (303)674-0056

Call for entries: The Durango Arts Center annual Member Artist Show, Sept. 3-Oct. 2. For the first time they are including writing in this event. Writers need to submit poetry or short stories by August 2. For more information, contact Jules at 259-2606 or Member visual artist's please contact Jules for submission guidelines.

Artists Alpine Holiday in Ouray Aug. 7-14. Early registration deadline is July 15. Artwork must be delivered to Ouray Community Center, 340 6th Avenue, on Aug. 2 between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. This year's judge is Ralph W. Lewis, retired Professor Emeritus of the University of New Mexico. Check out for more information. Or contact DeAnn McDaniel at (970)325-4372 or Diane Larkin at (970) 325-9821.

Upcoming workshops

Third Saturday Workshop in May: Randall Davis will discuss and instruct figure drawing, with considerable focus on the human eye. Davis is a talented artist, who draws, paints and sculpts, as well as a charming man and naturally gifted teacher. You're gonna love the class, so mark your calendars. 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Don't forget your lunch. $35 to PSAC.

An in-depth workshop on the basics of watercolor with Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett will be repeated May 19-21 (Wednesday, Thursday and Friday) at the Pagosa Springs Community Center. The classes start promptly at 9 a.m. and continue until 3:30 p.m. Each day you'll need to either bring your lunch or plan to eat (on Wednesday and Friday) at the senior center. Cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members. Contact PSAC at 264-5020 to register or stop by the gallery in Town Park.

Acting for Teens

Felicia Lansbury Meyer will instruct a three-week acting workshop for teens. She has taught previous acting workshops in Pagosa Springs and Sun Valley, Idaho.

In her youth workshops, she emphasizes fostering individuality and leadership, as well as teaching the skills necessary to listen, communicate and collaborate.

The upcoming workshop will focus on aspects of creating character, using objectives, being present, listening, memorization and blocking in a contemporary scene. There will be an informal presentation of scenes at the end of the session.

The workshop will run 3-5:30 p.m. June 7-25 (Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays) in the community center. The cost is $125. Class size is limited. For more information, contact Pagosa Springs Arts Council, 264-5020 or Lansbury Meyer, 264-6028.

Summer Art Camp for Kids is June 1-30 at Pagosa Springs Elementary School 9 a.m.-noon, Monday through Friday. Once again, Tessie Garcia, Lisa Brown and Susan Hogan bring this terrific opportunity for children who love art. This year, Lisa's husband Mark Brown will be teaching Crafts for Boys and Lisa will lead Multicultural Art, Just for Girls. Tessie Garcia will teach Clay'n Around and Susan Hogan will teach Drawing and Painting.

Pick up a flyer at the elementary school and drop off your payment at the gallery in Town Park. The cost for this year's art camp is $300 per student. A 10-percent discount is available for those who register by May 7 and PSAC members receive an additional 10-percent discount. Leave a message at 264-5020 to reserve your space today.

A limited number of scholarships are available for the camp. If you would like to donate money to the scholarship program, contact Doris Green at 264-6904 or 264-5020.

Around the region

Enhance it with Watercolor with internationally known colored pencil artist Janie Gildow, CPSA takes place at the Ouray County Arts Center in Ouray. The workshop is Sept. 25-26. Deadline to register is June 30. Cost is $170. Special lodging rates are available. Connect to for application or send your name, address, phone, e-mail and check to: Ouray County Arts Center, PO Box 1497, Ouray, CO 81427.

The Light As Color Foundation will present a Color Consciousness Workshop June 12-13. This is a hands-on experience for artists, healers, and those with no experience in either, that will include visual energizers, chakra cleansing, painting, exploration of the seven rays and auric development. Moonwolf, a color master, color healer, and artist-educator will present this workshop. Registration is limited and the cost is $155 which includes all art materials and camping. For more information or to register e-mail or call 264-6250.


Now through May 19 - High school art exhibit

May 15 - Third Saturday Workshop w/Randall Davis, 9:30 a.m-3:30 p.m. at the community center

May 16 - Writers' workshop with C.J. Hannah

May 19-21 - In depth on the basics of watercolor with Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at the community center

May 20 - Bonnie Davies and Rita O'Connell opening reception for the artists at the gallery in Town Park, 5-7 p.m.

May 20 - Photo club, 6:30 p.m. at the community center

June 1-30 - Summer Art Camp for Kids at the elementary school, Monday-Friday, 9 a.m.-noon

May 25 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m. at the community center

June 7-25 - Teen acting class w/Felicia Meyers, all day

June 17 - Photo club, 6:30 p.m. at the community center

June 22 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m. at the community center

June 19 - Third Saturday Workshop, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at the community center

June 26 - Bird house contest

June 28-30 - Amy Rosner, Expressing Yourself in Mixed Media workshop; all day

July 1 - Joye Moon reception for the artist at the gallery in Town Park from 5-7 p.m.

July 5-8 - Joye Moon Workshop, Unleashing the Power of Watercolor; all day

July 14 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

July 15 - Photo club, 6:30 p.m.

July 15-31 - Batik and Screamers papier maché workshop

July 27 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m.

Aug. 5-31 - Watercolor exhibit with Denny Rose, Ginnie Bartlett and watercolor students

Aug. 11 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Aug. 11-13 - Basics II, Denny and Ginnie watercolor workshop

Aug. 15 - Home and garden tour, noon-5 p.m.

Aug. 16-21 - Cynthia Padilla botanical art workshop

Aug. 19 - Photo club, 6:30 p.m.

Aug. 21 - Third Saturday Workshop, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Sept. 11-12 - Colorado Arts Consortium, The Business of Art an Art pARTY

Sept. 17-19 - Juried art exhibit for PSAC members


Music Boosters auditions this week

Auditions for "The Hills Are Alive ..." are tomorrow evening, May 14, from 6-9 p.m. and Saturday, May 15, from 10 a.m.-3 p.m.

This Pagosa Springs Music Boosters production is an original musical revue, based on the works of composer Richard Rodgers and lyric collaborators Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein II. It will be presented in the Pagosa Springs High School auditorium on the evenings of July 8, 9, and 10 at 7:30 p.m.

Those auditioning should be prepared to present a short showcase number once through. They will also be asked to follow a simple dance step demonstration. Everyone should bring his or her own music, as an accompanist will be provided. (Singing to a tape or CD is not acceptable.) If possible, the audition song should be one written by Richard Rodgers (many of which are available at the Ruby Sisson Library).

Given the format and nature of this production, cast members will be responsible for setting their own individual rehearsal schedules. Full ensemble rehearsals will be held only on the week of the show.

For music or audition information, call John Graves at 731-9863, or Lisa Hartley at the high school, 264-2231, Ext. 329.


Fiber fest will feature fleece to fashion events

Where can you take the entire family for a fun-filled weekend of activities that is both educational and free?

Check out the 2004 Pagosa Fiber Festival to be held 9 a.m.-5 p.m. Memorial Day weekend, May 29-30, at the Archuleta County Fairgrounds.

Additionally, for those who would like a hands-on experience with the fiber arts, Friday, May 28, will feature half-day and full-day training workshops.

The training workshops will be held at the Mountain Heights Baptist Church in Pagosa Springs and will feature classes in spinning, weaving, knitting, felting, crocheting, dyeing and locker hooking. For more information on the classes and registration, call Susan Halabrin at 264-5447 or e-mail her at

The three-day annual fest was conceived of and sponsored by the Belt family of Echo Mountain Alpaca in 2001. The transition to a board of directors began in 2003 and this year marks the departure of Dave, Suzy, Kiva and Collin Belt for their new home in Nova Scotia.

With them go the thanks of the festival board of directors and a score of neophyte alpaca farmers whose enthusiasm for the furry critters was born in the Belt barn along with many an irresistible cria, (baby alpaca). Echo Mountain Alpaca not only provided the animals, but also the continuing support, advice and training so needed by the newcomer to animal husbandry.

The annual Fiber Fest not only gives breeders of fiber-producing animals the opportunity to show and sell their stock, but also provides a venue where the general public can observe all aspects of the fiber industry - from caring for and shearing their livestock, to processing the fleece, to the production of finished goods - all in one place.

It also gives the public an opportunity to purchase fiber-related products ranging from raw fleece, to yarn, to spinning wheels, to one-of-a-kind handmade fashions. In essence, visitors can see the entire process, from fleece on the animal to fashion in your wardrobe.

For the livestock enthusiast, the 2004 fest will feature alpacas, llamas, different types of sheep, mohair-producing angora goats, and angora-producing rabbit. Visitors will have the opportunity to learn many aspects of raising fiber-bearing animals by talking with participating breeders, and will be able to view how goats and sheep are sheared during the shearing demonstrations featured throughout the day on both Saturday and Sunday.

Not every fiber-producing animal is sheared to acquire its fleece. In the case of angora bunnies, for example, the fiber is gently plucked from the animal and spun. With a rabbit sitting comfortably in her lap, a spinner at the fest will show that the collection of this fiber does not harm and is not painful for the animal.

So what happens to the fleece once it's been shorn from the animal? Well, this is where the fest is truly a showcase. Fiber artists from the Four Corners area and beyond will converge on Pagosa to display their skills.

Spinners will be on hand to demonstrate how to card, sort, and spin fiber. The spinning process itself is done by using either the traditional "drop spindle," or by the more familiar spinning wheel, and artisans will explain how fibers are sorted, blended, spun, and plied to create colorful yarn.

Knitters, crocheters, and weavers will discuss and demonstrate ways to utilize that finished yarn. Knitting and crocheting result in a relatively "loose" material, whereas weaving results in a "tighter" material that can be cut and sewn, although many woven products simply come off the loom as finished goods.

And that's not all. Many people cannot afford the sometimes expensive equipment required for spinning and weaving, nor do they have enough time to commit to a long-term project.

That's where another fiber art comes in - felting. Felting, by definition, is the non-chemical binding of natural fibers through the application of hot, soapy water and pressure. It requires no specialized equipment, so is an ideal craft for both novice and more advanced artisans. Felting demonstrations will occur periodically during the course of the festival.

A fashion show will be held Sunday afternoon, as a fitting tribute to the theme of "From Fleece to Fashion" that the Pagosa Fiber Festival embodies.

For further information about the Pagosa Fiber Festival, contact Jane McKain at jemckain or 264-4458.


Whistle Pig will host Celtic guitarist in May 21 concert

By Bill Hudson

Special to The PREVIEW

The Whistle Pig Concert Series, a monthly music series that presents intimate, smoke- and alcohol-free concerts in Pagosa Springs, proudly announces a performance by virtuoso Celtic fingerstyle guitarist Jerry Barlow, at 7 p.m. Friday, May 21, at the Hudson House.

Reservations are strongly recommended for this concert, and can be made by calling Clarissa Hudson at 264-2491.

Jerry Barlow is a master of Celtic fingerstyle guitar, a musical style which started developing some 30 years ago in Ireland, Scotland and England, as guitarists there began to arranged Celtic melodies, traditionally played on harp, pennywhistle, and fiddle, for the guitar.

These traditional melodies range from beautiful, romantic airs to the light and lively jigs and reels that originally accompanied the dances of the British Isles. For Barlow, the study of this musical style goes beyond simple musical arrangements. He also likes to share the stories behind the music with his audiences .

"Knowing the legends and events behind the songs with which I am so familiar, adds another dimension to some of my concerts, especially those in an educational setting ... two of my favorite songs, 'March of the King of Laoise' and 'Return from Fingal,' relate to the mortal fear of Viking invasions that the Irish lived in during the early 11th century, and to the beloved Irish king, Brian Boru, whose armies drove the Vikings back to the sea and united the island," Barlow wrote recently in an essay on

Jerry's previous background as a country artist and songwriter in Nashville, where his songs were recorded by Conway Twitty, Eddy Arnold, and Jeanny Pruitt, led him to the music of the Smokey Mountains and the traditional Celtic melodies behind that music. He has studied, played, and composed original pieces in that tradition for the past seven years.

His repertoire of lively jigs, spirited reels and hauntingly beautiful airs has been described as "music to soothe the soul, warm the heart and lift the spirit."

The Whistle Pig Concert Series is now in its sixth year of presenting Pagosa musical events. The series is sponsored by Artstream Cultural Resources, a local nonprofit organization that supports innovative artists and educational arts events. Suggested donation for the Jerry Barlow concert is $10 and includes homemade desserts, coffee and tea at intermission, and an opportunity to meet the artist personally after the concert. Reservations are strongly suggested. Call 264-2491.


Music in the Mountains tickets sell at record pace

By Carole Howard

Special to The PREVIEW

This summer's Music in the Mountains classical music festival is already breaking records even though the three concerts are more than two months away. Tickets are selling at a record pace and the concerts are more than three-quarters sold out.

"We're delighted to be setting records for early sales," said Jan Clinkenbeard, chairman of the committee organizing these events in Pagosa.

"We're especially gratified to have so many out-of-towners and summer visitors buying early," she said. "Our only concern now is that we don't want locals to be left out. We urge music lovers to buy your tickets promptly so you are not among those who will be disappointed when they are all gone."

Tickets are available at the Chamber of Commerce. All concerts are $35, the same price as last summer.

The concerts will take place Friday evenings at 7 p.m. at BootJack Ranch on U.S. 160 east of Pagosa Springs, thanks to the generosity of David and Carol Brown, owners of the spectacular ranch at the foot of Wolf Creek Pass.

Clinkenbeard also announced that prior to the concert and at intermission finger food, wine, coffee and water will be available for purchase. The coffee is being provided by WolfTracks Bookstore and Coffee Company. The pastries and other goodies are being provided by the Pagosa Baking Company.

Several of the world-renowned soloists who thrilled Pagosa concertgoers last year will return for this summer's concerts, and we also will experience exciting new talent:

- July 23 pianist Aviram Reichert will perform works including Schumann's "Piano Quintet" with several members of the Dallas and Baltimore symphonies. Reichart, who has won numerous awards and performed with major orchestras in Israel and Europe, wowed Pagosa audiences when he played here last summer.

- July 30 Antonio Pompa-Baldi brings his piano mastery back to Pagosa. He too was a great hit with local audiences last summer. He will perform solo and then join his wife Emanuela Friscioni, also an award-winning pianist who has appeared on stages around the world, in piano for four hands selections.

- Aug. 6 Pagosa welcomes two new internationally famous musicians, Anne-Marie McDermott on piano and Philippe Quint playing the violin. Their performance will include Martinu's "Madrigals" and Brahms' "Piano Quintet."

In addition, Music in the Mountains will host a free children's concert for kids and their families at 11 a.m. July 29 in Town Park. Highlight of this event will be "Peter and the Wolf," a work created by Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev to teach his children about the symphony. Each character in the story - Peter, his grandfather, the wolf, a cat, a bird, a duck and some hunters - is represented by an instrument or instrumental family and will be acted by local children.

To help the kids enjoy the experience even more, chief librarian Lenore Bright will include "Peter and the Wolf" in the children's summer reading program.

Since its debut in 1987, Music in the Mountains has grown to become one of the best summer music festivals in the country. This is the third year concerts have been held in Pagosa. In past years all the events have sold out in advance of the concert dates - but tickets have never moved as quickly as they are this season.

"Record ticket sales show that we appreciate how lucky we are to have first-class musicians from around the world come to Pagosa to play for us," Clinkenbeard said.

She said that ticket prices pay for only a small portion of the cost of the concerts. "It is thanks to contributions from individual donors and larger organizations like the Bank of the San Juans, Rotary Club and Wells Fargo Bank that our Pagosa festival is possible," Clinkenbeard said. As well, all of the organizational work is done by Clinkenbeard's local volunteer steering committee composed of Melinda Baum, Sally Hameister, Mike and Lauri Heraty, Carole Howard, Crystal Howe, Teresa Huft, and Bob and Lisa Scott.

To get on the mailing list for these and future Music in the Mountain events, call 385-6820 in Durango and specify that you want to be on the Pagosa Springs mailing list.


Education News

School year winding down at ed center

By Livia Cloman Lynch

SUN Columnist

The school year is rapidly coming to a close.

Throughout the past school year the Archuleta County Education Center has operated youth development programs with tutoring and enrichment classes available for local youth in grades K-9.

These youth activities have provided a wealth of opportunities for personal growth and learning.

We have offered an array of extracurricular activities - music, art, community service, science, sports. Our youth programs have provided young people with many choices for supervised, growth-promoting activities outside of school.

What is positive youth development?

Generally speaking, positive youth development encompasses all our hopes and aspirations for a nation of healthy, happy, and competent adolescents on their way to productive and satisfying adulthoods (Roth & Brooks-Gunn, 2000).

The desired outcomes for youth can be categorized as the five Cs: 1) competence in academic, social, and vocational areas; 2) confidence or a positive self identify; 3) connections to community, family, and peers; 4) character or positive values, integrity and moral commitment; and 5) caring and compassion (Lerner, Fisher & Weinberg, 2000).

Put another way, youth need access to safe places, challenging experiences, and caring people on a daily basis.

Our after-school programs at the elementary, intermediate and junior high schools are good examples of youth development programs that help youth develop "competencies." These "competencies" will enable youth to grow, develop their skills and become healthy, responsible and caring youth and adults.

The goal of our after-school programs is to promote positive development, and to also prevent problem behaviors. We help youth navigate adolescence in a healthy way and prepare them for their future by fostering their positive development.

Thank you

As the year winds down, we reflect on the fun we've had and on the new friends that we have made. It, of course, takes a lot of people working together to create a successful program. We would like to thank all of the businesses, individuals and volunteers that have provided us with a solid foundation this past year.

CPR and first aid classes

Our next scheduled CPR/first aid class is June 19. First aid class will be held 8 a.m. to noon with CPR (adult and pediatric) being offered 1-5 p.m. Class fees are $30 for first aid and $27 for CPR. If these two classes are taken together the combined fee is only $40. We are now also offering a CPR review class for $18.

For more information about any of our classes, call the Archuleta County Education Center at 264-2835. We are located at 4th and Lewis streets.


PSHS Class of 1984 seeks members for reunion

Plans are underway for the Pagosa Springs High School Class of 1984's 20-year reunion. The present agenda includes:

- Friday, July 2: Welcome Back Cookout (a family affair)

- Saturday, July 3: Float in the parade; cocktail party (baby-sitting available); open to anyone who attended PSHS - come by and say hello

- Sunday, July 4: Send-off breakfast.

A block of rooms is being held for any out of town guests, and camping is encouraged at a nearby campground for locals or more adventuresome travelers.

Locations, times, and other details will be announced at a later date.

The presence of all class members (whether or not in the "graduating" class) is requested and encouraged. While many classmates have been located, planners are still looking for contact information on the people listed below. If you have any information regarding any of these people, or if you would like more information, please notify:

Vanessa Gurule (formerly Voorhis) or Denise Alleman (formerly Stretton) at or at , or call (970) 626-3806 (Ridgway, Colo.) or (214) 351-6736 (Dallas, Texas).

Classmates are also encouraged to sign up for the basic level (free) membership at, where notices, RSVPs, and additional information can be found.

Where are they now?

Sheila Burns, Chris Barbara, Petra Bergenthal, Kevin Bosley, Cathy Chase, Brian Cummings, Roger Faddis, Andy Farrell, Michelle Graves, Eric Gray.

David Hardy, Debbie Holder, Joseph Jaramillo, Debbie Lucero, John Madrid, Mary Martinez, Roosevelt Martinez, Tonja McDaniel, Peggy McDonald, Cathy McMahon, Robert Millard.

Anthony Montoya, Isabella Perez, Arabella Ribera, Larry Robinson, Ed Schottlander, Steve Skaff, Rhonda Thomas, April Vasquez, Melanie Williams, Jack Wilshire and Andrea Woodward.


Web site created and improved by high school class

By Cayce Brown

Staff Writer

A new Pagosa Springs High School Web site - - can provide you with anything and everything you want to know about the school.

Designed by students in Advanced Web Page Design class, it is one of the best school sites in the area.

Ken Sarnowski has taught the Advanced Web Page Design class for two years. This is the first time he has been able to have all students in the class working to update and improve the school Web site.

Students working on the Web page as part of the course are Logan McLellon, Derrick Monks, Paul Hostetter, Nate Lee, Travis Marshall, Nico Carrizo, Josh Hoffman, Mark Truax and site pioneer Ryan Wienpahl.

The site began as a project that seniors Wienpahl, Kevin Muirhead and Robert Garcia took on after looking over a basic site designed last year.

"Kevin and I began working on the site a quarter into the first semester," said Wienpahl, "This semester, everyone who has Advanced Web Page Design is working on the site."

A semester at the high school lasts 18 weeks. The entire site, in all its detail, was created in that time.

"One thing we are trying to do with the site is keep it current," said Sarnowski.

With nearly 12 pages of information posted on the Web site, keeping it updated is easier said than done.

"The hardest part of working on the Web site is getting information from teachers. You almost have to ask on a daily basis for information," said Truax, a junior.

The pages of information the class has listed on the site are:

- The Main Page which gives information on the school and its history

- A Counselor's Page where general information on counseling policies and important academic dates can be found

- The Library Page, which will list new library news and events

- A Lunch Menu Page where information on the lunch menu for that month can be accessed

- An on-line School Handbook where the entire school guide can be viewed with Acrobat Reader.

One of the most useful pages on the site is the Teacher Info Page that lists all of the phone numbers, extensions and additional information for the teachers at Pagosa Springs High School.

Many more features are available on the site. Along with additional pages for school information there are sports pages with updated statistics after every game or meet, as well as team rosters. Current updates on other extracurricular activities are also available.

Although Sarnowski is available to help guide the students and give them tips, nearly all the code required to make the site was learned by the students, on their own.

"None of this is really taught, it's all done on your own. I like that part of the class," said Monks, a sophomore, as he worked to figure out flash animations with fellow sophomore McLellon.

"If we can figure out flash animation a little better it will add a lot of motion to the menus and rollovers," said McLellon.

"It can be hard to get all of our codes to work with Ryan's and Kevin's original design, but we're all working with it and getting used to their design," said Truax.

Running an updated Web site while working around a high school schedule can be difficult; but add a SISCO computers course required for the class and you get a good idea of how interested in computers students have to be in order to keep up.

"SISCO is a program that teaches you skills that help when entering a computer-related profession, said Truax, "We have to read online chapters and then take a test on them later."

Along with managing the Web site and taking the additional online courses, class members also work to fix problems that arise from working a Web site this large.

"The size of the site has been a problem. Kevin and I have been looking for a solution since we first started the site," said Wienpahl.

Sarnowski paid to have the site posted on the Web for public viewing and allow more space. Still, the site is being designed with size constraints in mind, which is a common complaint among the designers.

"If there is any way one of the local professionals could visit our site and e-mail us tips on how we could fix this and any other problems they see, we would really appreciate it," said Sarnowski.

Regardless of any problems, the site remains one of the better school-related sites in the area and continues to get better.

"Last year we thought the site was poorly designed and we can easily see how far we've come since then. I hope we can say that next year," said Sarnowski.


CSAP data sets base for future comparisons

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Results of CSAP, the Colorado Student Assessment Profile reading tests administered to third-graders this year, have been scanned for reference points on performance.

While the class, as reported last week, was exactly at state level and down 13 percent from last year, there is some encouragement.

Superintendent Duane Noggle told the board of education for Archuleta School District 50 Joint that additional examination shows 83 percent of students without special needs were proficient or better.

"We'll know more about the overall testing at all grade levels when the scores come out in August," he told the board Tuesday.

"There really isn't a lot to work with in a single grade score, except to establish a base for future comparison," said Noggle.

When those scores arrive "we'll be able to look at cohort groups longitudinally - at how they've progressed over a specified period of time," he said.

Prior indications, he said, are that there is an 11-14 percent increase in proficiency each year.

He also noted the third-grade scores are encouraging in that they show a closing of the "perceived achievement gap. Our Hispanic students, on the basis of this one test, seem to be achieving much more quickly than others."

Noggle also told the board the high school mathematics department position added to allow teaching of an added course to meet state requirements was advertised and that junior high math teacher Susan Garman applied.

"She was interviewed and selected for the post," he said. "But now we have a math vacancy to fill at the junior high."

In other personnel action, the board approved the employment of Karmen McEachern as high school C-team girls basketball coach; accepted the resignation of Ron Danuser as school district interpreter; accepted the resignation of Denise McCabe as junior high head volleyball coach; hired Morgan Anderson as third- and fourth-grade School Within a School teacher; and hired Amber Anderson as junior high computer science teacher.

In other action, the board:

- heard a report and saw slides shown by three members of the high school girls soccer team - Melissa Diller, Laurel Reinhardt and Kaylie Smith - describing their recent trip to Alaska as an opportunity of a lifetime and thanking the board for allowing them to go

- thanked everyone responsible for the After Prom party at the Pagosa Springs Community Center and announced plans already are underway for a repeat next year

- heard director Jon Forrest report that the Board of Cooperative Services - representing Pagosa Springs, Durango, Ignacio, Bayfield and Silverton school districts - is considering a possible change of cost distribution to a "service-used" base rather than the present percentage of total cost basis. "It might be the way to go for us," he said

- announced the annual staff luncheon to honor retiring personnel will be held at 12:30 p.m. Friday, May 21, in the high school Commons Area

- approved the submission of a grant proposal under the Powers Grant plan for $29,000 which would fund, if received, a mobile, wireless lab for the junior high school, technology training for a core of teachers that would begin in August, collaboration with other schools awarded similar grants, and staff training to meet needs identified in technology improvement plans for staff

- approved submission of a request for accreditation for the junior high school for a period of four years after receiving the building accountability committee's report of meeting requirements

- Approved a motion to pay no more than one-third of the total overrun cost on a PAWS raw water feed for irrigation at the high school football field and for other uses in the school complex

- approved a five-cent increase in the cost of a carton of milk in the school lunch program - from 25 to 30 cents per carton for the next school year

- conducted a 29-minute executive session to discuss a continuing legal matter.


School Menus

The following menus will be used for the breakfasts and lunches served in the Pagosa Springs public schools May 14 through May 21.

Friday, May 14 - Breakfast: Scrambled eggs, tortilla, cereal, toast, milk and juice. Lunch: Turkey and cheese sandwich, French fries, green beans and sugar cookies.

Monday, May 17 through Friday May 21 (the last day of school): Cook's choice for main dishes at all meals; breakfast basics remain.


Food for Thought

The nerds are outta here, and I'm going with them

By Karl Isberg

SUN Columnist

I'm no chauvinist, but there are some things we have here in the good old USA that flat-out clobber our rivals in other parts of the world.

We're not talking about sappy clichés here - the flag-waving jingoistic stuff, the poor-man's abstractions: freedom, land of opportunity, etc.

I'm referring to concrete things and, in many cases, concrete individuals.

We, for example, have the darned best armed forces in the world. Few would want to test the assertion, especially when it's backed by an F-16.

We have some of the world's greatest athletes, and some of the purest steroids. We have, hands down, the greatest hip-hop recording artists and the very best commercial pudding, compliments of the Kozy Shack Corporation.

Without question, we have the world's greatest cheerleading squads (amateur and professional) and the most expansive satellite television system ("expansive," note I claim nothing about quality of programming).

I watched a program on the world's most expansive satellite television system the other day and realized we have something else that beats the rest of the world. In spades.

We grow the world's greatest nerds and science geeks.

Anyone who follows the history of the computer industry, of the high-tech world, knows our nerds are superior. Granted, the copycats have gained momentum, riding their "Patent-schmatent" theory of invention and business like a big wave off the Hawaiian coast.

The Japanese, the Koreans, the Paraguayans and the Nepalese have stolen enough from us to make computers (albeit out of stainless steel, if we're talking about the former Soviet Union and its satellites) and they can write some pretty nifty software because we've trained their technicians in American universities. But, have they sent anything impressive to Mars lately?

Heh, heh.

Nosireee, they have not.

I realized this, and more, the other night. I was sitting in the living room, eating Kozy Shack tapioca pudding straight out of the carton. I'd ingested a good 600 calories of the gelatinous miracle, when a news flash interrupted a repeat episode of Extreme Makeover just as famed Beverly Hills cosmetic dentist Dr. C. Wilson Wilson was about to apply porcelain veneers to Claudette's painfully eroded fangs. The network cut away to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

I know the place. I once walked past the lab facility on my way to a hotel after a visit to the Norton Simon Museum. I had spent an hour or two with several remarkable Rembrandts and a nifty Karel Appel or two and I was disoriented. Fortunately, the lab sat on direct line running from the museum to the SushiToria, where I enjoyed a killer spicy tuna roll before fumbling my way out of Old Town and back to my digs.

Anyway, the TV screen lit up the other night and there they were: The cream of the crop. A giant room was full of our nation's finest nerds and science geeks, all going berserk in that poignant, I've-never-had-a-date, screwloose way they express joy. Pocket protectors were flying all over the place as the guys and gals boinged around, hugging each other (a celebration is the only chance a nerd has to fondle a colleague) and feebly whooping and yahooing in reedy, cracking voices. In a rare moment of uncontrolled self-expression, a nerd tossed a piece of paper in the air. I saw a couple of shirttails akimbo.

It was a party.

As I watched, I took another bite of the pudding and thought: I'm proud to be an American.

In what was a prelude to a monumental announcement, the nerds reprised their recent triumphs.

They went nuts at the sight of a photograph of the Martian surface transmitted from one of their Martian landers. To me, the photo was, well, pretty darned boring. To the science geeks, it was gold.

Then, the announcement: We're goin' back to the moon, and beyond. The intensity level at the lab jumped off the chart. The nerds were bobbing and weaving and skipping around like elementary school kids who've been told it's pizza day in the lunchroom.

I suddenly realized something: They're thrilled, because they're leaving.

And that's OK. Because I'm going with them. I'm tight with nerds.

I have a history that goes way back. I once tried hard to catch a nerd and make her mine.

It was in tenth grade, before I got shipped off to a boys' school. The nerd's name was Linda.

Linda was in debate club, science club, economics club, Latin club. She was an office aide and played viola in the school orchestra. She was treasurer of the junior class, a member of the student council. She served as the National Honor Society president and took first place in the Colorado High School Science Fair with a dazzling examination of Godel's theorem. She owned two slide rules, and knew how to use them. She actually took notes in class.

Me, I played the drums. I was a hockey player and, at best, a D student.

She first noticed me when I attempted to copy her answers during an ancient history test. I thought the word "Assyria" was hysterically funny, and every time I encountered the word in the text, I laughed so hard I lost what little concentration I could muster. I was woefully unprepared for the exam. Linda showed me a bit of kindness. She gave two answers; I got a D.

I cozied up to her and, eventually, we sat together every day outside the band room waiting for orchestra practice to begin. She talked about how easy calculus was; I bragged about how I could a chug a quart of 3.2 beer with nary a drop coming out of my nose.

As our relationship progressed, we made forays to the lawn in front of the school after lunch. I made a few clumsy moves on Linda, and finally stole a very dry kiss.

I'll never forget what she said, peering at me over the top of her eyeglasses like she was inspecting a fetal pig splayed out on the dissection table in biology class.

"Neque femina amissa pudicitia alia abnuerit."

At the time, the phrase was music to my ears, the splash of crystal-clear waters on a polished marble fountain in the foyer of the Temple of Love. I'm on my way to home base, I thought.

I had her write down what she said and I took it to my nerd friend, Starkle, for a translation. Turns out it was a quote from Tacitus: "When a woman has lost her chastity, she will shrink from no crime."

I got the hint; Linda was not about to become a criminal, my dreams were shattered. The gulf between us was too wide. I was a mere amusement, a pet of sorts, and there was no chance I would succeed in my attempt to scale Mt. Nerd. I returned the slide rule I'd purchased, complete with belt-mounted carrying case, and went back to reading purloined copies of Modern Man magazine.

What remained, however, was a deep appreciation of all things nerd.

That's why I say it's time now to turn the whole shebang over to these goofballs; they've got vision. Let them do what they want; they know things the rest of us don't.

Take for example a recent missive from one of the chief nerds, David King, director of NASA's Marshall Space flight Center.

"Next comes Mars, our nearest planetary neighbor," writes King. "Did Mars once support life? Will it again?"


"We intend," continues King, "to answer the first question as visitors, and the second as inhabitants. But Mars is just one possible destination. Others could include the icy moons of Jupiter, which might conceal oceans capable of sustaining life."

Dave goes on to rationalize the project: lots of jobs, spinoff technologies that will benefit everyone, blah blah blah. First, a manned base on the moon, then a colony on another planet. The nerds have talked the president into a thumbs-up on this, taking advantage of the fact it's easy to convince him to do just about anything.

The critical thing, once the frosting is scraped off the cake: The nerds are leaving the planet! They know the show is just about over and they're working at a feverish pace to skeedaddle. They are blowing this pop stand and I, for one, plan to be with them.

I intend to write Dave King as well as the folks at the Nerd Nerve Center at the Jet Propulsion Lab and offer my services as a cook. I'll double as a member of the janitorial crew, keeping the slide rules as clean as possible, polishing the thick lenses on all those eyeglasses.

Since I'm a pudding aficionado, I travel a culinary highway that leads to the nerds' hearts. They don't like anything too spicy and since there won't be a Subway nearby where they can purchase the 6-inch veggie sandwich (no onions, please), pudding it will be. It's bland, easily digestible, the perfect nerd food.

The Kozy Shack Corporation will be unable to ship huge quantities of its delightful products to nerd space outposts, so I'll produce their pudding myself. I'll make myself indispensable and, thus, save my life.

I'll produce a light, fluffy tapioca pudding with a tropical edge for my nerd masters - something in harmony with their light, fluffy personalities - ala a recipe from Mark Bittman.

I'll combine about 2/3 of a cup of quick tapioca in a saucepan with a little under a cup of sugar, 3 teaspoons vanilla extract, 1 cup of milk, 1 cup of coconut milk and a couple pinches salt. I'll stir the mix as I heat it over medium heat until the tapioca gets transparent then I'll take the mix off the heat and allow it to cool for several minutes. I'll beat in the yolks of 4 eggs and let the mix cool for several minutes more. I'll beat 4 egg whites until peaks form then fold them gently into the pudding mixture.

I can see us now - me and all the nerds and science geeks - kicking back on our recliners, bowls of pudding at the ready, our bow ties perfectly straight, our pocket protectors in place, gazing out the huge windows of our biosphere, watching a tiny light in the dark night sky suddenly flash bright then disappear.

Someone will throw a piece of paper in the air.

I hope Linda is there. Perhaps she'll finally be ready to let her femina go amissa.


Cruising with Cruse

Julia Ward Howe's call for women to strike to end war

By Katherine Cruse

SUN Columnist

Recently I met someone who said, "Aren't you the person who writes that cynical column in the paper?" We just never know how we come across when we put out our written words for all to see.

So, yes. I guess that cynical writer would be me.

I was going to ignore Mother's Day as a topic for this column. Thought I'd already covered it with Mothering Sunday back in April. Besides, like a lot of people, I feel put off by the commercialism of the holiday.

My own mother and I tend to wish each other a Happy Hallmark Day.

Last Friday I read a column written by a fellow named Geov Parrish, who writes for something called Mr. Parrish wants to clarify a misconception shared by many of us cynical people, that Mother's Day was begun as a sappy and sentimental glorification of family and motherhood.

And all along you thought Mothers' Day was the result of a campaign by Anna M. Jarvis (1864-1948), a woman who never married and who was extremely attached to her mother, Mrs. Anna Reese Jarvis. Mr. Parrish says, not so, that we should give the credit an earlier woman.

He says that the American poet and women's leader Julia Ward Howe called for the establishment of the holiday in 1870. She was writing in the wake of the American Civil War, a bloody conflict fought on our own soil. She wanted an end to future wars, and she thought women could lead the way.

Maybe we should think she was naïve. Certainly we cynics believe that the fair sex can be just as hot to go to war as the menfolk. There are still women out there, although I hope not many in this country, who feel sisterhood with the Spartan mother of classical Greece, who sent her son off to fight the Athenians with these words, "Come back carrying your shield, or on it," i.e. dead. As in doornail.

Each day I read a paper that prints the names of the most recent casualties in Iraq. But there are other casualties whose names don't get printed in the paper. They are the mothers, the fathers, the grandparents and the siblings of those whose lives have been lost to the ill-planned invasion of Iraq.

The photos released last week of the disgusting and appalling things done to Iraqi prisoners in Abu Ghraib have sickened me and you and a lot of other people. And yet, all those people, America guards and Iraqi detainees, have mothers. How do all those mothers feel?

We've seen plenty of war since 1870. We've seen people representing our country rise to heroic acts in both war and peacetime. We've seen others do some pretty shameful things in the name of I don't know what — honor, glory, fighting communism, defending freedom. Thirty-five years ago a lot of women were saying that the men had mucked things up pretty badly and maybe it was time to let the women be in charge.

Maybe it still is. But before we women have an equal opportunity to lead our country into another stupid war, like the current mess this administration has made in Iraq, maybe it's time to be reminded of Julia Ward Howe's 1870 call for women to wage a general strike to end war:

"Arise, then, women of this day!

Arise all women who have hearts,

Whether your baptism be that of water or of tears

Say firmly:

We will not have great questions decided by irrelevant agencies,

Our husbands shall not come to us reeking of carnage,

For caresses and applause.

Our sons shall not be taken from us to unlearn

All that we have been able to teach them of charity, mercy and patience.

We women of one country

Will be too tender of those of another country

To allow our sons to be trained to injure theirs.

From the bosom of the devastated earth a voice goes up with

Our own. It says, 'Disarm, Disarm!'

The sword of murder is not the balance of justice!

Blood does not wipe out dishonor

Nor violence indicate possession.

As men have often forsaken the plow and the anvil at the summons of war.

Let women now leave all that may be left of home

For a great and earnest day of counsel.

Let them meet first, as women, to bewail and commemorate the dead.

Let them then solemnly take counsel with each other as to the means

Whereby the great human family can live in peace,

Each bearing after his own time the sacred impress, not of Caesar,

But of God.

In the name of womanhood and humanity, I earnestly ask

That a general congress of women without limit of nationality

May be appointed and held at some place deemed most convenient

And at the earliest period consistent with its objects

To promote the alliance of the different nationalities,

The amicable settlement of international questions.

The great and general interests of peace."

Well, being a cynic, I'm not sure that I see a call to establish a day honoring our mothers in that statement. But perhaps it doesn't matter.

Maybe it's time for us women, mothers or not, to think about the lessons we give, or fail to give, our children. Maybe it's time to say: Let's end the sacrifices.

Maybe this time next year we won't need to read Howe's declaration.


Local Chatter

Asking questions is our given American right

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist

The National Society of Newspaper Columnists has just sent out its quarterly newsletter and Dave Lieber, in his column, has some sage advice worthy of passing on.

Lieber, who writes a column for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, serves as NSNC Secretary.

His column in the newsletter is a follow-up on one he'd written for the Star-Telegram. One having to do with his ideas of the responsibility of a columnist, after a reader had criticized his annual column on Ernie Pyle, the great columnist and World War II reporter who was killed by a sniper on the Pacific Island of Ii Shima during the war.

The date was April 18 and this date was chosen by NSNC members to proclaim National Newspaper Columnists Day. This year Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Carolina, Washington and Wisconsin gave special recognition to this day.

As to Lieber's column, he writes: "As a columnist for nearly 11 years and a newspaperman for 28, I understand better than most that you cannot force people to think, become curious or want to improve society. But I believe we should feel a measure of sorrow for those who would turn a deaf ear and a blind eye to abuses committed by people in positions of authority. Some may wish to wallow in a dark cave of ignorance, but thankfully, these see-no-evil people represent a small minority.

"Our democratic system is built on the public trust. This does not mean that the public trust. This does not mean the public trusts its officials. This means officials work hard to earn and keep the public's trust."

And he adds, "the only way to do that is to constantly monitor whether that trust had been rightly placed.

"Do so by asking questions of your school and city governments.

"Ask how money is spent in your house of worship, in your neighborhood association and in the nonprofit charity for which you volunteer."

And Lieber adds, "Asking questions is our given right as Americans. It is one of the most patriotic things an American can do." And he asked his reader, in the Star-Telegram column, to ask him, (Lieber) why he takes the position he does in his column.

Along with his column on asking questions he had printed (on his own) 1,000 yellow buttons printed with "Ask a bunch of questions," and offered them to his readers. He has offered what is left to NSNC readers (first come, first served) and I got my order in right away. So, if you see me with such a button, you'll know what it means and from where it came!

Around town

"On With the Show" was wonderful entertainment - and beautifully done. Overheard was, "We are blessed to have so many good singers here." And that we have people with the know-how to put it all together still holds true with what John Graves said, some years ago, about the exceptional talent in this area. And adding a Children's Chorale only makes it more so.

Fun on the run

Mrs. Applebee, a sixth-grade teacher, posed the following problem to one of her arithmetic classes:

"A wealthy man died and left $10 million. One-fifth was to go to his wife, one-fifth to go to his son, one-sixth to his butler and the rest to charity. Now, what did each get?"

After a very long silence in the classroom, Little Morris raised his hand.

The teacher called on Little Morris for his answer.

With complete sincerity in his voice, Little Morris answered, "A lawyer!"


Extension Viewpoints

Clues to which caterpillars may be beneficial

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Today, May 13 - 4-H Oil Painting, Minor Residence, 4:30 p.m.; 4-H Entomology, Extension office, 4:30 p.m.

Friday May 14 - Colorado Kids, Extension office, 2 p.m.

Saturday, May 15 - Mandatory 4-H Livestock Weigh-In, Fairgrounds, 9 a.m.

Monday, May 17 - 4-H Dog Obedience, Extension office-exhibit hall, 4 p.m.; Sports Fishing, Extension office, 4; 4-H Cake Decorating, Bennett residence, 4; 4-H District Council annual elections, Durango, 6

Tuesday, May 18 - 4-H Vet Science, San Juan Vet Hospital, 5:30 p.m.

Tent-Making Caterpillars

Quick facts:

- several species of caterpillars construct a silken shelter or tent

- in spring, tent caterpillars are common. After midsummer, the most common tent-making caterpillar is the fall webworm

- these insects attract attention due to the conspicuous tents. However, they rarely cause any significant injury. Greatest injury occurs from early season defoliation, particularly on stressed plants

- many biological controls naturally regulate populations of these insects.

Several kinds of caterpillars feed in groups or colonies on trees and shrubs and produce a silken shelter or tent. Most common in spring are various types of tent caterpillars (Malacosoma species). During summer, large loose tents produced by the fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea) are seen on the branches of cottonwoods, chokecherry, and many other plants. Occasionally early spring outbreaks of caterpillars of the tiger moth (Lophocampa species) attract attention.

Tent caterpillars

Four species of tent caterpillars occur in Colorado. The western tent caterpillar (M. californicum) most often is seen infesting aspen and mountain-mahogany during May and early June. Many other plants, particularly fruit trees may also be infested. Western tent caterpillar is the most common and damaging tent caterpillar, sometimes producing widespread outbreaks that have killed large areas of aspen.

In stands of gambel oak, the sonoran tent caterpillar (M. tigris) occurs and the M. incurvatum discoloratum can be found feeding on cottonwoods and related trees during April and early May in the Tri River area of western Colorado. In northeastern Colorado, the eastern tent caterpillar (M. americanum) can occasionally be found on fruit trees.

These tent caterpillars spend the winter in egg masses glued to twigs of the host plant. Prior to winter the Insects transform to caterpillars and emerge from the eggs shortly after bud break. The newly emerged caterpillars move to crotches of branches and begin to produce a mass of dense silk.

This silken tent is used by the developing insects for rest and shelter during the day. They also molt (shed their skins) while on the silk mats. Most often the caterpillars leave the silk shelter to feed at night, returning by daylight, although they sometimes feed during daylight hours as well. The tent is gradually enlarged as the caterpillars grow.

The caterpillars become full-grown in late spring. Most wander from the area of the tent and spin a white cocoon of silk, within which they pupate. The adult moths, which are light brown with faint light wavy bands on the wings, emerge about two weeks later. The moths mate and the females then lay a single egg mass. Tent caterpillars produce only one generation per year.

The most common and damaging tent caterpillar found in urban areas is the forest tent caterpillar, M. disstria. Although its life history is similar to other tent caterpillars, the forest tent caterpillar does not produce a permanent tent, as do the other species. Instead, they make light mats of silk on trunks and branches that are used as temporary resting areas during the day. Forest tent caterpillars feed on a wide variety of plants including aspen, ash and various fruit trees. Occasionally they produce outbreaks that can damage plants.

Fall webworm

Fall webworm is the most common tent caterpillar observed during midsummer. It is found on many different plants, although chokecherry and cottonwood are the most common hosts. Winter is spent as a pupa, loosely buried under protective debris in the vicinity of previously infested trees. The adults, a nearly pure white moth, emerge in June and July, mate and lay eggs in masses on the leaves of trees and shrubs. Eggs hatch shortly afterwards. The young caterpillars feed as group, covering the few leaves on which they feed. As they get older, fall webworms progressively cover larger areas of the plant with loose silk, and generally feed within the loose tent that they produce. When full grown, the caterpillars disperse and sometimes create a nuisance as they crawl over fences and sides of homes.

There is only one generation of fall webworm known to occur in Colorado, although two or more generations are produced in parts of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas and other nearby states.

Tiger moth

Caterpillars of tiger moths (L. ingens, L. argentata) make a dense mat of silk on the terminal growth of ponderosa pine, lodgepole pine, pinyon, Douglas-fir, white fir and juniper. They are one of the few caterpillars that continue to feed and develop during winter. They produce and occupy tents through early spring. By June, they complete their development and pupate. The adult moths emerge and fly during July and August, laying masses of eggs that hatch before fall.

Historically, outbreaks of tiger moths occur most commonly in the Black Forest area near Colorado Springs and in West Slope pinyon-juniper stands. Top-kill of damaged trees commonly results from these injuries.

Minor tent-producers

A few other insects are found in Colorado that produce silken tents. Pine webworms (Tetralopha sp.) can be found tying together foliage of ponderosa pine in areas along the Front Range. Uglynest caterpillars (Archips cerasivornana) can be found on chokecherry, where they produce a messy nest of silk mixed with bits of leaves and insect frass. Outbreaks of the rabbitbrush-webbing moth (Synnoma lynsyrana) occasionally damage rabbitbrush. There also is an uncommon group of sawflies, known as web-spinning sawflies that produce mats of silk on spruce, pines or plum.


Many natural enemies attack all of the tent-making caterpillars.

Birds, predaceous bugs and various hunting wasps prey on the caterpillars. Tachinid flies and parasitic wasps are important parasites. Tent caterpillars also are susceptible to a virus disease that can devastate populations. Because of these biological controls, serious outbreaks rarely last more than a single season. An exception is found in some communities where fall webworm is an annual problem. One reason for these sustained outbreaks may be the loss of biological controls due to aerial mosquito spraying.

The microbial insecticide Bacillus thuringiensis (Dipel, Thuricide, etc.) can be an effective and selective control of all the tent-making caterpillars. However, to control fall webworm, Bt must be eaten by the insect. Therefore, it must be applied before the colony covers all of the leaves.

Several contact insecticides also are effective for tent-making caterpillars. Sevin (carbaryl) has long been available. More recently various pyrethroids such as permethrin, cyfluthrin and esfenvalerate are available for homeowner application and are highly effective. A naturally derived product sold as Conserve (spinosad) is available to commercial applicators and is very selective in its effects of species other than caterpillars.

If accessible, tents may also be pulled out and removed. More severe measures, such as pruning or burning, are not recommended because they can cause more injury than the Insects.

Often, there is no need to control these insects. This is particularly true for fall webworm, which feeds late in the season. Such late season injuries can be well tolerated by plants. Control normally is warranted only where there is a sustained, high level of defoliation over several years.


Pagosa Lakes News

Water-based summer programs help children

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

Just two more weeks and our children will be out of school. Summer vacation. Are your children's summer programs ready? It's time to start planning.

There are a variety of programs to choose from ... those offered by the Town of Pagosa Springs Parks and Recreation Department, the Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center, Summer Arts Camp through the Pagosa Springs Arts Council, and various church-sponsored Bible school offerings.

Swim lessons at the recreation center will begin May 24 and run throughout the summer in sessions lasting two to three weeks. Water-based programming during the summer has always been popular. Small wonder. With warm weather fast approaching - a sizzling three-month stretch - parents are thinking of enjoyable activities for their young ones while also opening up the opportunity to acquire new skills.

Over the years, there have been media announcements from "experts" recommending that children wait until age 4 to start swim lessons.

I believe children can and should start a whole lot younger to develop - under close adult supervision - a comfort and liking for water.

The June and August special classes for toddlers will take parents and tots through exercises at the recreation center kiddie pool that will help babies explore the water environment much like the exploration they are doing on land. The idea is that water balance should be learned along with land balance so that when a child is around age 2 or so, learning to swim is relatively easy.

Humans, early on in their embryonic development, boast webbed fingers and toes. And even when we abandon the womb, we don't abandon water.

The substance composes most of our body makeup. That's the reason I drink two gallons of water a day.

As a longtime staff member at the recreation center, I have had the pleasure of being able to see firsthand the benefits of early exposure to water. These children, over the years in various age-appropriate aquatic programs, are very comfortable and happy in the water. However, I've also seen preschool and early school-age children scream and cry in swim classes. They are afraid to put their faces in the water, every fiber of their body tightens up and they are just not having fun.

Classes offered this summer will be for all ability levels and ages. Even adults, pending demand, can have a chance to learn how to swim correctly.

There will be a Special Olympics dual-team meet at the recreation center 9-11 a.m. Saturday. Our best to our Pagosa athletes as they pit their athleticism against swimmers from Durango.




Opal Canfield

Opal Avis Canfield, born to a well-known turn-of-the-20th century family in Pagosa Springs in September, 1902, died April 5, 2004 in Bishop, Calif.

Born to Hugh Kyle and Cornelia Ford Kyle, she was raised in Pagosa Springs and northern New Mexico while her father worked as a sheep rancher, lumberman and road builder. Her father is credited with having built the first mile of roadway over Wolf Creek Pass in 1913.

She graduated from Durango High School in 1919 and later married Jay Catchpole of Pagosa Springs to whom were born two daughters, Norma and Shirley.

At the beginning of the Great Depression, the family moved to Santa Barbara, Calif. Following a divorce, she was married to Ted Canfield, a Santa Barbara attorney and businessman and during the 1940s worked closely with him in the ownership and management of a number of hotels and restaurants in Santa Barbara County.

They had one son, Patrick.

After the death of her husband in 1952, Mrs. Canfield worked for and retired from the Goleta Water Department. She remained in Santa Barbara until 1998, when she moved to Bishop.

Mrs. Canfield, the matriarch of the family, is survived by her son, of Bishop; grandchildren Theodora Lenard of Goleta, Calif., Taylor Canfield of Santa Barbara, Douglas Perry of Marquette, Mich., Cassandra Canfield of Santa Cruz, Calif., and Kelly Canfield of Bishop; three great-grandchildren and five great-great grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her brothers, Taylor Kyle and Vernon Kyle; and by her daughters Norma Graves and Shirley Perry.

In accordance with her wishes, no funeral services were held. There will be a family celebration of her life on the anniversary of her birthday, Sept. 28.


Lunsford memorial

A memorial service will be held for Loyd and Alice Lunsford at 1 p.m. Saturday, May 15, 2004.

Loyd Lunsford passed away on Jan. 26, 2003, at the age of 95 and Alice joined her husband of 73 years on Jan. 7, 2004, at the age of 96. 

Family and friends will gather at the Calvary Presbyterian Church, 89 Mill Street in Bayfield to celebrate the lives and love of the couple.  The service will be conducted by the Rev. Art Bell.

Rita Martinez

Rita Talamante Martinez, who was born April 22, 1928, in Edith, Colo. to Alfredo and Maria de Los Angeles Talamante, died April 28, 2004, in Albuquerque, N.M. after a short illness.

She was married to her husband of 56 years, Arquin Martinez. To this union were born three children: Delores Lopez (husband Norbert); Judy Guerra, who passed away in October 1998; and a son, Martin Martinez, who passed away in February 1990. Denise Whipple (husband David) was raised by the Martinez family since she was a child. Also surviving are a grandson, Dominic Santastevan and granddaughter, Deanna Zamora in Albuquerque; eight great-grandchildren; three brothers and three sisters: Encarnacion Talamante of Albuquerque, Silviano Talamante of Blanco, N.M., Andres Talamante of Edith, Adela Martinez of Clearfield, Utah, Beatrice Talamante of Lumberton, N.M., and Angie Martinez of Edith; and many nieces who thought the world of Tia Rita, could hear a story from her, hear her laughter, her jokes and even hear her yelling at Tio Arquin and hearing Tio Arquin say to her "Ah, Honey."

Tia Rita was buried with her son and daughter in the same cemetery in Albuquerque. They are now together in heaven and must be having a good time.

Tia, we will miss you always, but now you are in peace.


Sherryl Patterson

Sherryl Fay Patterson of Palisade, Colo., passed away on Saturday, May 8, 2004 at her home. She was 49 years old.

Sherryl was born Sept. 12, 1954 to Fay and June Snow Sweat in Aurora, Colo. She was a homemaker.

Survivors are her husband, Michael W. Patterson of Palisade; a son, Nathan Kee of Aurora, Colo; three stepsons, Dennis Patterson of Grand Junction, Davie Martinez of Grand Junction and Matthew Patterson of El Paso, Texas; her parents, Fay and June Sweat of Aurora; a brother, Steve Sweat of Cedaredge, Colo; a sister, Shelley Brown of Aurora, and five grandchildren.

Graveside services will be at 2 p.m. today, May 13, 2004, in Hilltop Cemetery in Pagosa Springs where both her parents were raised.

Contributions may be made in her memory to the Palisade Public Library, 711 Iowa St., Palisade, CO 81526.


Business News
Biz Beat
Beautiful Memories Photography

Cindy Gowing owns Beautiful Memories Photography and has been in the photography business since 1986.

Cindy photographs weddings and other special events, does high-quality portraiture and much more. She offers designated packages but will customize orders to provide customers with whatever number and sizes of photos they need.

Wanting to give back to the community, Cindy took time out of her schedule to take pictures for the recent senior citizen prom, free of charge. During early July, Cindy plans to take pictures of the families and loved ones of our soldiers serving abroad, also free of charge, to give them a reminder of what is waiting for them when they return home.

Cindy works by appointment and can be contacted at 731-3563.


Preview Profile

Virginia Tanner

Paraprofessional at Pagosa Springs Elementary School


Where were you born?

"Fort Worth, Texas."


Where did you go to school?

"I attended school in Oledo, Texas, and at Weatherford Junior College."


When did you arrive in Pagosa Springs?

"September, 1992."


What did you do before you arrived here?

"I worked in the business office of a hospital."


What are your job responsibilities?

"Playground duties, helping the kids to learn how to read and do math and helping the teachers out with anything they need."


What are the most enjoyable and least enjoyable aspects of your job?

"The most enjoyable is being with all the children. The least enjoyable is having to stand outside and watch them when the temperature is in single digits. "


What is your family background?

"I am married with one grown son and three dogs."


What do you like best about the community?

"I love the people, the views ... everything."


What are your other interests?

"I enjoy sewing, watching TV and playing around on the computer."




Sierra Fleenor

Performance Associates is pleased to announce that Sierra Fleenor is the 2004 recipient of its Self Reliance Scholarship. The $2,500 scholarship is intended to recognize a student who has demonstrated self-reliance, a strong work ethic, and commitment to his/her family and personal goals during the student's tenure in high school or home schooling career.

Sierra has been accepted at Colorado College in Colorado Springs and will start her studies this fall.

The Performance Associates Self Reliance Scholarship is an equal opportunity award and the recipient is selected without regard to race, color, or creed. Any graduating public or home school senior who has at least a 3.0 GPA, has been accepted at a four-year college, and is a resident of Archuleta County may apply for the scholarship.


Ashli Winter

Pagosa Springs High School student Ashli Winter has accepted a First Generation Student Award to attend Fort Lewis College next fall.

Winter, the daughter of Inez and Dan Winter, is involved in numerous activities in high school. She served as student council representative for four years, student council secretary/treasurer in 2001-02, Future Business Leaders of America historian in 2002-03 and National Honor Society treasurer in 2003-04.

The award is renewable for a maximum of 10 terms of continuous attendance, not including summer sessions. Recipients must maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point average at Fort Lewis College and complete a minimum of 12 credit hours per term.


Hank Wills

Hank Wills, a graduate of Pagosa Springs High School now majoring in Civil Engineering at Fort Lewis College in Durango has been named a third year recipient of a La Plata/Archuleta Farm Bureau scholarship.

He has been involved in agriculture for 15 years and 4-H for eight years.

He works for the La Plata Electric Association and is the son of Jerry and Vicki Wills of Pagosa Springs.

The Farm Bureau annually provides scholarships for high school and college students from Archuleta and La Plata counties. This year $5,000 was awarded.


In Memoriam


In Loving memory of

Rita Talamante Martinez

And God said ...

I said, "God, I hurt."

And God said, "I know."

I said, "God, I cry a lot."

And God said, "That is why I gave you tears."

I said, "God I am so depressed."

And God said, "That is why I gave you sunshine."

I said, "God, Life is so hard."

And God said, "That is why I gave you loved ones."

I said, "God, my loved one died."

And God said, "So did mine."

I said, "God it is such a loss."

And God said, "I saw mine nailed to the cross."

I said, "God, but your loved one lives."

And God said, "So does yours."

I said, "God where are they now?"

And God said, "Mine is on My right and yours is in the Light."

I said, "God, it hurts."

And God said, "I know."

Love you forever and miss you,

Talamante families


Cards of Thanks


Fiesta Club

The Pagosa Springs Spanish Fiesta Club is grateful for the tremendous support received from the Archuleta County Education Center, the Pagosa Springs Arts Council, the Chamber of Commerce, the Guadalupana Society, PLPOA, The SUN, KWUF and the Colorado Mounted Rangers local unit.

The Family Fiesta and the Cinco de Mayo celebration was a success because of these fine organizations and the time and effort of many volunteers.

We appreciate all the wonderful door prizes donated by several generous companies in town. Thanks to all who attended the fun, food, entertainment, games and dancing. The celebration was truly a community affair and our gratitude is not alone; the benefits are abundant.

We hope to continue the rich traditions of the Hispanic culture that are woven into this community and look forward to the Pagosa Springs Spanish Fiesta July 17, 2004.

Viva la Fiesta!

Jeff Laydon


Sports Page


Pirate girls capture IML title, aim for regional meet

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

At the beginning of the track season, the Pagosa girls set their sights on a goal - beat Centauri and win the Intermountain League meet.

Saturday, they did it, beating the Falcons by six points.

"I told the girls if Centauri was in front of them in a race, to do everything they could to finish in front," said Coach Connie O'Donnell. "Some of the girls said they thought about that when they were running. They must have thought about something motivational because we broke two school records and qualified a relay for state."

The 3200-meter relay team of junior Bri Scott, Jessica Lynch, Jen Shearston and sophomore Emilie Schur, finished second in the race, but still qualified for the big dance in Pueblo by time, coming under the finish in 10 minutes, 7.55 seconds just behind Centauri. Schur also qualified for state in the 800-meter run in a race run neck and neck with the Falcons.

"The two teams really pushed each other," O'Donnell said. "The 4-by-800 just missed the school record set last year. I'm willing to bet they beat the record before the end of the season."

Toppling the school records were junior Janna Henry and members of the 1600 relay team, which included three freshman Kim Fulmer, Jen Shearston and Lynch. Sophomore Liza Kelley rounded out the team of speedy underclasswomen. They finished the race in second, crossing the finish in 4 minutes, 26.55 seconds, cutting about half a second off the Pagosa Springs record set in 1999.

Henry claimed third place in the 300-meter hurdles with a time of 50.50, taking the place of Mollie Honan on the Pirate record charts.

Too add to their points, the Pirates picked up six wins Saturday. The winners, sophomore Mia Caprioli, Fulmer, Schur, Kelley and freshman Lyndsey Mackey, also receive all-conference honors.

The 400 relay team of Caprioli, Mackey, Henry and Fulmer blew away the competition with a 53.31 effort. Three of those four added individual top finishes as well.

Caprioli claimed the league title in the 100-meter dash, crossing the finish ahead of the league competition in 13.55. She joined Henry, Scott and Kelley in the 800-meter relay to add another second, and posted a second-place long jump with a leap of 14-8 1/2.

Fulmer won the 400 with a time of 64.01 and helped the team rack up still more points with a third-place effort in the 200. In that race, she finished in 28.84.

Henry rounded out the threesome with a win in the 100-meter hurdles, clearing the finish in 18.15.

Schur earned her all-conference honors with a win the 3200-meter run. She crossed the finish in 12:30.58. The sophomore nearly claimed a second win in the 800, but lost by inches to a Centauri runner to earn the number two spot with a time of 2:24.36.

"They both ran a great race and had great times and both qualified for state in the event," O'Donnell said.

Kelley put the sixth jewel in Pagosa's first-place crown at the league meet by winning the triple jump with a leap of 31-7.

Additional third-place points came from Mackey in the long jump and Lynch in the 800.

O'Donnell said in some events, the Pirates were able to pick up points from all three runners entered, an effort that gave Pagosa the edge in the end.

Now the Pirates will move their sights toward the next goal - qualifying as many people as possible for state Saturday at the regional races, again in Bayfield.

"I want the kids to be able to put energy in the events that they really have a chance to qualify for state in," O'Donnell said. "I'm not really concerned with how we place in the meet as a team." Besides the relay team, Schur is currently qualified for state in the 1600. She joins Clayton Spencer on the boys' side, who is going to Pueblo to compete in the high jump.

Field events begin at 11 a.m. Saturday, followed by track events at noon. The late start will allow teams with long distances to travel to arrive the morning of the meet. The last race is set to run at 5:45 p.m.


3200-relay: 2. B. Scott, J. Lynch, J. Shearston, E. Schur, 10:07.55. 100-hurdles: 1. J. Henry, 18.15; 4. L. Mackey, 19.35. 100: 1. M. Caprioli, 13.55. 800-meter relay: 2. L. Kelley, B. Scott, J. Henry, M. Caprioli, 1:54.37. High jump: 5. D. Spencer, 4-2. 400-relay: 1. M. Caprioli, L. Mackey, J. Henry, K. Fulmer, 53.31. Triple jump: 1. L. Kelley, 31-7; 5. B. Scott, 28-1 1/4. Long jump: 2. Mia Caprioli, 14-8 1/2; 3. L. Mackey, 14-8 1/2. 400: 1. K. Fulmer, 64.01; 4. L. Kelley, 66.32; 5. B. Scott, 66.45. 300-hurdles: 3. J. Henry, 50.50; 5. L. Mackey, 54.58. (School record.) 800: 2. E. Schur, 2:24.36; 3. J. Lynch, 2:35.96; 4. J. Shearston, 2:41.56. 200: 3. K. Fulmer, 28.84. 3200: 1. E. Schur, 12:30.58; 5. H. Dahm, 14:17.16. 1600-relay: 2. K. Fulmer, L. Kelley, J. Shearston, J. Lynch, 4:26.55. (School record.)

Pirates trounce Monte to assure trip to state

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The Monte Vista Pirates may be tired of seeing their counterparts from Pagosa Springs come to town.

Three times within an eight-day period the San Luis Valley Pirates were creamed on the baseball field by the visiting Pagosa Pirates.

The latest occasion was in the second game of the Intermountain League Tournament Saturday, a game lost by the hosts 19-6 and one which guaranteed Pagosa Springs it would advance to state quarterfinal action.

It didn't take Pagosa long to establish who would win. The real question was by how much.

They picked up a pair of runs in the first inning despite having Marcus Rivas strike out to open the frame.

Michael Bradford drew a walk and came roaring home on pitcher Ben Marshall's double off the fence in center. Marshall went to third on a wild pitch and scored on a passed ball.

Monte had three base runners in their half of the first, Scott Myers on an error, who reached third but did not score. Sigi Rodriquez walked but was out at second when, after Matt Gonzales struck out, James Pacheco hit into a fielder's choice. Jacob Jiron fanned to end the Monte inning.

Pagosa sent 10 batters to the plate in the second, scoring seven runs - the first of two consecutive innings in which they'd hit that total.

Sophomore left fielder Josh Hoffman opened the rout with a single to right and immediately stole second. Jeremy Caler reached on an error by the second baseman. Freshman right fielder John Hoffman got the first RBI of the inning with a single to center scoring his older brother. First baseman Travis Marshall singled to left to drive in one run but Hoffman was caught in a rundown at third.

Rivas reached on a fielder's choice, Bradford walked and Marshall produced two runs with a single to center.

Then Casey Hart, a freshman who plays all infield positions, lined his fourth home run of the season over the left field fence. Rodriquez and Gonzales switched positions and Levi Gill and Josh Hoffman were out to end the inning with Pagosa leading 9-0.

Monte got a pair in the second after Brandon Anderson opened with double to center off Marshall. Designated hitter Kyler Cooper drew a walk but was thrown out stealing as Anderson moved to third. Phil Vigil reached on a fielder's choice scoring Anderson and Nico Gonzales drew a free pass to load the bags. Vigil scored on a wild pitch and Myers walked but Rodriquez hit into a 6-4-3 double play.

Pagosa liked the number seven so well they repeated in the top of the third.

For the second consecutive time Caler reached on an error, John Hoffman walked and Travis Marshall singled to right for two runs. Rivas reached on another Monte error, and Bradford singled to right. Marshall promptly singled to left for two more runs. Hart singled to center for another, Gill beat out an infield hit and the seventh run scored on a sacrifice bunt by Josh Hoffman. Caler reached again on an error and finally the mutilation ended with a fly to left by John Hoffman.

Monte was three up and three down in their half of the inning.

But Pagosa wasn't through. They picked up three more runs in the top of the fourth, started by Travis Marshall's third consecutive hit. He advanced to second on another Monte error, on Rivas' drive, and to third on a wild pitch. Bradford was aboard on a fielder's choice when Marshall singled for two more runs. Then Hart singled for his third hit of the game and Gill singled. He was cut down at second when Josh Hoffman hit into a force play. Score after the first half of the fourth stood at 19-2.

Monte countered with four in their half on a single by Anderson, a walk to Cooper, two strike outs, a walk to Myers, a bases-loaded double by Rodriquez and a single by Gonzales. Score at 19-6.

Pagosa did not score in the fifth but neither did Monte and the game was halted on the 10-run mercy ruling.

Pagosa's 19 runs came on 15 hits; Monte's six on four hits. Marshall went the distance for the win and also drove in six runs with his four hits.


Pirates throw Bayfield a scare but bow 12-8

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Springs Pirates threw a scare into Bayfield's Wolverines Saturday taking a 7-4 lead in the fourth inning before falling 12-8 to their traditional foe in the Intermountain League tournament championship game in Monte Vista.

The two schools had finished 1-2 in the regular season standings, Bayfield assuring itself a trip to state no matter what happened in the tournament. The Wolverines defeated Ignacio 19-3 in the tournament opener.

The Pirates had defeated Monte Vista 19-6 in the second game and assured themselves of advancing. The winner would get the higher seed.

Pagosa got a single run in the top of the first, with only one hit. Marcus Rivas drew a walk to open the frame and eventually scored on a combination of a Michael Bradford double, a walk, a hit batsman a popout and two fielder's choice plays.

Bayfield came right back against the freshman Bradford, sending nine to the plate and scoring three to take the lead.

Sam McDonald singled, Will Rampone struck out, Will Latimer singled for a run, Cody Moore walked and pitcher Jeremy Sirios singled to drive in two before Bradford got two more outs despite a hit batsman and another walk.

Pagosa matched those three Bayfield runs in the second, an inning which began with John Hoffman flying to right and Travis Marshall drawing a walk.

Rivas doubled but Marshall was out in a rundown. Bradford singled for one run and Ben Marshall homered over the left field fence to give Pagosa a 4-3 lead. Casey Hart followed with a single but Levi Gill flied to right to end the uprising.

Bayfield went scoreless in the second despite walks to McDonald and Moore. A sacrifice bunt, a popout and a line drive to Gill stopped the chance to score.

Pagosa built the led to 6-3 in the third. Josh Hoffman opened with a single to center and stole second. Jeremy Caler followed with a single moving Hoffman to third. John Hoffman drew a walk and Travis Marshall singled for a run. But Rivas popped up and Bradford bounced to second to end the top half of the inning leading 7-4.

But Bayfield came back with three of their own to tie the championship tilt in the bottom of the inning.

Latimer and Moore each singled to right and Serios was out on a fly to center, Latimer scoring. J.T. Cathcart singled to left for another run and Jacob Posey was hit by a pitch. Tim Smith singled to right for the third run before Eric Yarina and McDonald were out on fly balls.

With the score tied at seven, Pagosa opened the fifth with a John Hoffman double to left. Marshall walked and things looked good with two runners on and no outs. Hoffman was out catcher to third on a steal attempt. Both Rivas and Bradford grounded to second and the opportunity was lost.

Bayfield answered with three in the fifth keyed by an error by Bradford, a walk to Latimer and Moore reaching on a fielder's choice, Latimer out at second. Sirios singled for two runs off reliever Randy Molnar and Cathcart followed with a triple. Travis Marshall was called to the mound for Pagosa and fanned both Posey and Smith but the blood had been let.

Pagosa was up down in three at bats in the sixth with Moore now pitching for Bayfield.

Hiroshi Sakai grounded out to open the Bayfield sixth but McDonald singled and trotted home on Rampone's homer to left center. Latimer and Moore made outs and Pagosa had one more chance.

Pirate spirits soared when Josh Hoffman led off the Pirate seventh with a long home run to left, his first of the season, cutting the lead to 12-8.

Caler and John Hoffman each grounded to second but Marshall reached first after striking out on a pitch dropped by the catcher.

A pinch runner for Marshall, recovering from a broken leg prior to the season, was out at second on a fielder's choice by Rivas and the game was over.

Bayfield got the No. 7 seed in state action beginning Saturday and Pagosa the 16th and last seed.


Double overtime, sudden death shoot-out give Pagosa regional soccer crown

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

One hundred ten minutes.

Playoff soccer as it should be.

Full game, double overtime, and a 0-0 tie. And then - shoot out.

And still, no winner; still a 1-1 tie and it all comes down to sudden death.

Extended shoot out.

The first person to score wins the game for her team and with it a trip to the state championships.

That was the scenario at Golden Peaks Stadium Saturday as the soccer squads from Pagosa Springs and Salida squared off in what would become a monumental defensive effort for both teams.

It boiled down to a Pagosa victory and a trip to Denver this week to take on the state's No. 1 ranked Colorado Academy.

But getting to that point was the nail-biting, nerve-wracking "Oh, no! There it goes" contest that high school soccer could and should be.

It featured outstanding goal tending on both ends of the field, particularly by Pagosa's Sierra Fleenor who turned in the game of her prep career.

Unwilling to have this final game of her home career end on a losing note, she made save after save of the spectacular variety and finished the game in tears of joy with bruises all over her body all but forgotten.

But she was not alone. Every member of the squad who played contributed to the effort in one way or another.

Right off the bat, Pagosa sophomore sweeper Emmy Smith roared from nowhere for a block-takeaway from Salida's outstanding attacker Heather Granzella.

It was a scene to be repeated at least six more times in the game - Granzella on a break-away and Smith streaking in to halt the effort.

Fleenor's first save came at 5:07 when she slapped aside a shot by Charles DePriest, Salida's No. 2 scorer.

Two minutes later, Pagosa's Amy Tautges got the first Pirate shot on goal off a crossing lead from Laurel Reinhardt but Spartan keeper Serena Rocksand was on the spot to haul it down.

That, too, is a scene that would be repeated again and again.

Salida got a glorious scoring opportunity with a penalty kick at 8:43 for an interference call but Granzella's shot was wide left.

Neither team had another shot on goal until 18:07 when Pagosa's offensive leader, senior Melissa Diller ripped a grass-cutter from the right wing, again on a Reinhardt lead pass, and Rocksand dragged it in.

Fleenor stopped DePriest again on a point-blank drive at 19:14 and got a big boost two minutes and 37 seconds later when Granzella broke free from midfield containment and drilled one from 18 yards. Fleenor slipped to the turf shifting to the opposite side of the net but sophomore midfield Kailey Smith blocked the shot.

As Salida tried to get the ball back on the attack, Reinhardt stole a header cross and dribbled the full length of the field, only to hit the left post with her shot at 22:02.

Salida came right back downfield, Granzella taking a looping lead over the middle right to the box but was wide right with her shot as senior sweeper Jenna Finney rushed her toward the corner.

The rebound came out to DePriest who was stopped by Fleenor and then, 40 seconds later, Pagosa lost the ball at midfield and Salida had a 3-on-1 attack with Jillian Jones crossing to DePriest who led Granzella.

Same story. Fleenor made a spectacular dive to her left and batted the ball out of the danger zone. She then scrambled to her feet and beat Granzella to the ball to stop the frantic Salida attack.

At 26:29 Fleenor stopped Granzella again, this time on a goalie strip of the ball from the attacker and then a booming kickout.

Two minutes and 45 seconds later, after Pagosa blew a 3-on-1 attack of its own with an off-side violation, Fleenor got another save with a stop on Salida's Britney Pierce.

Less than two minutes later it was Pagosa's Caitlyn Jewell coming to the aide of her keeper with a sweeping takeaway from Jones that halted an open drive and Kyrie Beye cleared the zone.

Fleenor got back into the act with a stop on Salida's Brianna Myers and the increasingly frustrated Granzella was wide right trying for the upper right corner.

Then came the save of the game - to that point. DePriest found herself all alone when a defender fell and drove on Fleenor from the right wing. With two support players moving in front of the net she waited for them to get in position and then used their double screen to fire away.

Fleenor went high to her left to snare the shot and DePriest, too, was beginning to feel snakebit.

At halftime Pagosa coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason told his squad he was pleased with their defense, but wanted more offense.

"We need to get possession at midfield, not half way back. We need to stop their attack before it can get organized. Play the head game. Get the ball out of the air and attack," was his order.

At 42:25, freshman wing Mariah Howell crossed a lead back to Jewell in midfield but her drive was stopped by Rocksand.

Then it was freshman Iris Frye, returning to action from a tendon problem that forced her to miss five games, who dug the ball out of a sideline collision with two Salida players and led Diller who was stopped by Rocksand.

And then Fleenor again stymied Granzella stopping her breakaway drive from 12 yards with a dive low to her right.

After Jones was wide left with a shot from 20 yards, Kaylie Smith stopped a blast by DePriest but was injured on the play and had to leave the field - briefly.

After a pair of now routine saves by Fleenor and one by Rocksand, Pagosa got a big chance.

DePriest was called for interference and Reinhardt had a penalty kick from the 30. It sailed just outside the left post, the 0-0 tie still in effect.

Fleenor stopped Jones and then had Granzella muttering under her breath after the Pirate keeper climbed high on the left post to haul in another valiant scoring attempt.

At 72:30 Pagosa's next opportunity, a header by Howell off a Diller drop pass following a steal by Esther Gordon sailed over the top.

With two minutes left in regulation, Fleenor stopped Jones' bid from the left wing and seconds before the buzzer, left a bewildered Granzella standing immobile as she scraped up a ground hugger.

Then it was overtime. Two 15-minute periods to be played and still the score was at 0-0.

Two minutes and 12 seconds into the first overtime Salida had a chance to end it. The Spartans were awarded an indirect kick from 20 yards on the right.

It was blocked by Howell and Pagosa was still alive.

At 5:51 into the overtime, Pagosa got another chance. Jewell's somersault throw-in was received by Diller in front of the net but Rocksand stopped her cold. The rebound came out to Pagosa's Brittany Corcoran who also was stopped.

Salida's Megan Orill was high right from 12 yards out and Fleenor stopped Jones' rebound effort before Pagosa was on the attack again.

Just 12 seconds before the end of the first overtime, Diller got a penalty kick from the 20 but Rocksand again frustrated her.

And then a second 15-minute overtime. Tired bodies dragging back onto the field.

Jewell had the first chance for a score, her drive from 30 hauled in by Rocksand. Fleenor made back-to-back stops on Orill and Marcia Spears.

Kurt-Mason went to the bench for fresh legs, sending sophomores Caitlin Forrest and Kody Hanavan into the action.

And both quickly made their presence felt. Forrest broke up a Salida sideline attack and keyed an outlet drive for Pagosa.

Hanavan crossed into the middle to bring down a Salida attacker on a sweeping ball kick. Salida coaches screamed for a penalty but the strip was clean.

Jones had a shot go off the top of the right post and Pagosa's Reinhardt drilled an 18-footer off the crossbar.

Overtime over.

The score still 0-0. It's shoot-out time.

Each team picks the five players it believes stand the best chance of defeating the opponent's keeper one-on-one. Both squads are held at midfield, the five shooters sequestered from teammates and called, one-by-one to the attack line just outside the goalkeeper's box.

First up was Salida's Kayla Kennedy. Wide left.

Sophomore Alaina Garman steps up for Pagosa; her high corner shot stopped by Rocksand.

Britney Pierce for Salida gives her team a 1-0 lead with a shot into the right corner.

Diller, for Pagosa, hits the left post.

Salida's Orill is wide left but the lead holds at 1-0.

Until Kyrie Beye steps up for Pagosa. The junior midfielder ties it at 1-1 with a shot to the low left corner.

DePriest is stopped by Fleenor diving to her right.

Corcoran for Pagosa hits the crossbar and the tie remains.

Granzella steps forward. She, too, hits the crossbar.

It all rests with Reinhardt if Pagosa is to win in the first shootout. She, too, hits the crossbar.

A 1-1 tie after the main shoot-out. And now its down to sudden death. The first score ends the game.

Tension mounts.

The crowd's voice grows as Stephanie Baker walks forward to take the first shot - for Salida. Fleenor dives flat to her right and bats it away - official save number 24 in the game.

Junior Bret Garman is called forward for Pagosa.

Players tense, fans go silent.

Garman, on the referee's whistle starts forward ... a fake start, then races to the ball and drills it past Rocksand lower right. One hundred nineteen minutes of action and now:


The stoical Garman takes it all in stride until her teammates mob her and the realization of victory sets in.

After the game, a drained Kurt-Mason quoted an old axiom: "You can't measure success by the record; but by the effort.

"We had a major team effort today. A unit playing together as one. Sierra had her best game ever but her support was the difference," he added.

"When we played Salida the first time (season opener for Pagosa and first trip outside the practice gym to an actual field) we saw some things we thought we might be able to capitalize on if we were to meet them again," he said.

Each game, he said, "this team has gotten better, even in the losses, because we were playing with our heads. We made some minor adjustments at half time but the goal keepers for both teams made them seem moot."

"I don't know if I could have taken any more. I don't know how Bret or any of the others stayed so calm," he added.


Special Olympics aquatic meet here Saturday

Special Olympics will hold its regional aquatics event 9-11 a.m. Saturday, May 15, in the pool at Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center.

Athletes from across Southwest Colorado will be participating and the community is encouraged to attend.

Following the event, local law enforcement personnel will conduct the Law Enforcement Torch Run fund-raiser for Special Olympics.

It will feature law enforcement runners and Special Olympians parading through the downtown area starting 12:30 p.m. at City Market and ending in Town Park, escorted by local police and firemen.

The torch will be carried across the state by both law enforcement and Special Olympians, culminating at the Summer Games in Greeley June 5 and 6.

For more information call Becky Berg, Pagosa Springs volunteer Special Olympics coordinator at 731-3318 or Lynn Martens, Southwest Area Special Olympics manager at 385-8545.


Pirate hoopster tabbed by Nebraska school

Pagosa Springs High School senior Clayton Spencer has been awarded a full-ride basketball scholarship to Nebraska Western Community College in Scottsbluff, Neb.

Spencer helped lead the Pirate boys' basketball team to an overall record of 42-7 during its past two seasons, a span that included two berths in the Class 3A state playoffs.

In addition, he earned first-team, Intermountain League all-conference honors for his efforts during 2003-2004, a campaign that saw the Pirates ranked at or near the top of state polls throughout the season.

Spencer will be competing in the Region 9 Division of the National Junior College Athletics Association when he begins practice with the Cougars this fall.


Parks & Rec


Students, civic groups can help with trail work

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

Many civic groups and local school classes call us in the spring looking for projects they can help with.

On May 11 we got a call from Mrs. Hershey at the Middle School wanting to take a group of sixth-graders to work on the Terri Smith Trail on Reservoir Hill.

These volunteer groups are more than welcome, and we would like to thank the teachers or leaders for thinking about the trails/parks for these civic acts.

We have been contacted by the local trails committee to sponsor a trail maintenance day, maybe in conjunction with National Trail day in June if everything works out with the group's schedule.

If you are interested in organizing or helping with a National Trails Day cleanup please feel to call Joe Lister Jr. at 264-4151, Ext. 231.

Bike to work day

We plan to observe "ride your bike to work day" some time within the next few weeks. We will keep you posted on the events being organized by the department.

With gas prices soaring, and our fossil fuel supply dwindling it is important that we educate ourselves on the values of riding our bikes - or even walking to work on good weather days.

Many cities and towns participate in annual "Ride your Bike Week," to promote green commuting in their respective communities. It's a great way to squeeze in daily exercise, relieve stress, and to tread gently on the earth. Join in on the fun and experience by the joy of any non-motorized transportation.

If you are interested in planning or adding ideas or activities, please call 264-4151, Ext. 231.

Tree grants

Our annual tree grant program is off and running, and all you have to do to participate is live within the city limits.

If you are a property owner within the town limits you can fill out an application for a 50/50 tree. The town will pay up to $100 per family for a tree to be planted within the town limits.

The property owner contacts the town parks department, fills out a request, pays 50 percent of the cost of the tree picked out, and has a new tree in the yard to help beautify the community and add fresh, clean air to our environment.

Fourth of July

The community will celebrating with fireworks and a town picnic Sunday afternoon and evening. Picnic and games are tentatively set to start at 4 p.m. with picnic dinners provided by vendors at a reasonable cost. Games sponsored by the parks and recreation department and many other activities are planned to make the Fourth of July a special day.

To help offset the cost of our entertainment, which includes music and fireworks, we plan to sell VIP parking, for individuals or businesses. The parking could include RV parking, tailgating, and front-row seating to a spectacular fireworks show. Call and reserve one of the only 30 VIP spots. Think of bringing your own chairs, tents, grills, and let's have a tailgate party that's second to none.

Youth baseball

Baseball teams have been formed and have begun practice for the 2004 youth baseball season.

With 11 teams and 140 participants, we are looking forward to an exciting summer of play. If you are age 7-12, missed sign-ups and would still like to be placed on a baseball team for this season, contact Myles Gabel at 264-4151, Ext. 232, immediately.

Girl's volleyball clinics 

The greatly anticipated volleyball clinics for junior high and high school girls will start Monday, May 17, and run through Thursday, May 20. Grades five to eight will meet 3:45-5:15 p.m. followed by grades nine to 12 at the junior high 5:30-7:30 p.m.

Fee for these clinics is $10. Payment will be taken the first day of camp, but you must call 264-4151, Ext. 232 to reserve a spot.

Softball meeting

A second meeting for parents of all girls signed up for softball will be held 6 p.m. Monday, May 17, at Town Hall.

We will continue to discuss our softball options and finalize plans for the upcoming season.


A successful year of T-ball has come to an end with all parents and young athletes exhibiting enthusiastic play and great sportsmanship.

Amazingly, all games ended in ties with parents and T-ballers having a lot of fun. Thanks to all of the coaches and parents for supporting this great recreational sports program for young children.

Women's volleyball

The recreation department will offer open gym women's volleyball Wednesday nights, through June. The open gyms will be held 6-8 p.m. in the community center. If there are sufficient participation numbers we may split into an "official" women's volleyball league at a later date.

Now hiring umpires

If you are interested in umpiring youth baseball or adult softball, contact Myles Gabel at 264-4151, Ext. 232.

Rockies challenge

Stay tuned for news concerning the Colorado Rockies Baseball Skills Challenge.

We are in the process of setting a date for this exciting town competition. Age group winners advance to regional competitions. Regional winners advance to Coors Field, attend a Rockies game and compete for state championships.

Adult softball

The Pagosa Springs Parks and Recreation Department will be holding a manager's meeting for all teams interested in participating in our adult leagues for the 2004 season.

The meeting will be 6 p.m. Wednesday, May 26, in the community center.

All teams must have a representative at this meeting. Team registration forms are available at Town Hall.

Begin putting your teams together now for this summer's competition.


They make us proud

The maxim holds in battle: Take and hold the high ground. But war is conducted in more than one way; militarily, but also politically and morally. There is various high ground to occupy and in our time political and moral dimensions of conflict are important.

Taking note of recent news from the prisons of Iraq, most Americans realize we've lost some of the moral high ground due to the actions of a few soldiers and civilian contractors.

What happened discredits us, given the stated aim of bringing "a better way of life" to the Iraqi people.

Whether politicians have the skill needed to creep back up the moral hill remains to be seen but, amidst the controversy, we cannot lose sight of others who are more important in the battle to resolve this war in a positive fashion: The decent young American men and women who are in Iraq fighting and attempting to stabilize conditions there.

We submit these young people are a far cry from those few who embarrass us. The point is emphasized in a letter from one of Pagosa's own.

Dottie Forrest brought us a letter from her grandson, Adam, serving with the U.S. Army in Baghdad. We know Adam, his mother and father, Bay and Peggy, and sisters Stephanie and Mandy. We watched Adam grow, graduate from high school, go off to college. We believe he, and not those we see in news stories about the prisons, is typical of the majority of young people from Pagosa and elsewhere who are serving their country.

In his letter, Adam tells family and friends about the other side of the situation, the fact he and his comrades are "doing an excellent job." He notes members of his unit recently caught a known terrorist and continue to patrol without a casualty. He writes honestly about how his young comrades have mixed feelings about the recent sordid news - given they are targets of insurgents and terrorists - and displays how, in a clear way, he and his fellows represent the full spectrum of the American population.

Adam writes about the harshness of a soldier's life in Iraq and expresses his thanks to those who e-mail him and for the boxes of treats and supplies sent to him and others. "You all have no idea," he writes, "how wonderful it is to receive a package over here ... Guys get so excited when they have e-mail, it is incredible ... I have received mail from people I know, don't know, used to know, and never even heard of. It is awesomeŠ"

When Adam speaks of his wife, Cher, and his 3 1/2-month-old son, A.J., the heart of the matter is obvious. "I really do wish it (time) would move a little quicker ...The more I see pictures of my incredible son, the more my heart seems to break ... He is so small, so precious, and so incredible ... I just hate missing (seeing) him grow."

This is a man secure in his faith and he tells his friends and family that, "It is so encouraging to have so many people praying for me. I know your prayers are answered every single day, because every day the Lord seems to renew my strength and help me find joy in my situation."

With his positive approach to his assignment, Adam is a fine example of most of the Americans in Iraq. We believe he is typical of the Pagosans who have served there. If anyone is going to transform the situation and overcome the idiocy and arrogance of others it is people like them. If anyone retakes the moral high ground, it will be the honorable young people who deal with the nasty business of war first hand, each and every day.

We are proud of them.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa
Every day has an historic past

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Every day has some relevance in the historic fabric of our world. Often we just let a day slide by with no recognition. So, I felt it might be interesting to present some facts about today, May 13, you may not be aware of:

For example, with Memorial Day rapidly approaching, you might want to know that on this date in 1864 a Confederate prisoner of war was buried on the grounds of Arlington House, now Arlington National Cemetery.

The prisoner, who had died at a local hospital, was the first soldier buried in the cemetery, located on the Potomac River opposite Washington, D.C.

With the cry today to preserve our open lands and prevent forest fires, it is interesting to note these are not new ideas. "Conservation as National Duty," was the theme of a May 13, 1908 address by President Theodore Roosevelt at the outset of a three-day meeting billed as the Governors' Conference on the Conservation of Natural Resources.

He explained to the attendees that "the occasion for the meeting lies in the fact that the natural resources of our country are in danger of exhaustion if we permit the old wasteful methods of exploiting them longer to continue."

Here are some other momentous events which took place on this date:

On May 13, 1607, Jamestown, Virginia was founded, becoming the first permanent English settlement in America.

On May 13, 1846: U.S. President James Polk signed a declaration of war on Mexico two months after fighting had begun.

On May 13, 1918: The first U.S. airmail stamps, with a picture of an airplane and costing 24 cents, were introduced.

On May 13, 1940, in his first speech before the British House of Commons, new Prime Minister Winston Churchill rallied the country to war saying, "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat."

This date has special significance to the Roman Catholic Church. On May 13, 1871, The Law of Guarantees in Italy declared the Pope's person inviolable and allowed him possession of the Vatican. And 110 years later, on May 13, 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot in the Vatican's Saint Peter's Square. He recovered after weeks in the hospital.

It is also a significant date in the history of Vietnam. On May 13, 1955, the Geneva Agreements on Indochina following Vietnam's victory over the French at Dien Bien Phu allowed the French to regroup in preparation for evacuation; on this date in 1968, peace negotiations opened in Paris between the U.S. and the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam which was demanding an end to the U.S. air war; and on this date in 1977 Vietnam declared regulations on its "territorial waters, adjacent zone, exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf."

As the world eyes new conquests in space, we should remember this date in 1992 when three astronauts simultaneously walked in space for the first time, retrieving and repairing the Intelsat-6 satellite from the U.S. shuttle Endeavour in a walk lasting 8 hours 29 minutes.

Remember, every day has an important past and you will be a part of it.




90 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era files of May 15, 1914

On the 21st of May, five young people, Mabel Hatcher, Glenn Vermillion, Kate Hall, Harriet Donaldson and Myra Dutton, will receive their graduation diplomas from the Pagosa High School.

The auto road from Pagosa Junction to Pagosa Springs has been completed to Talian and will be pushed up on Cat Creek to a connection with State Highway No. 15 at or near Dyke.

Since "Good Government" is in the saddle, bootlegging in Pagosa has entirely disappeared, except for one or two dumps outside the city limits.

Any time you need a couple of dollars Frank Dowell will hand it to you (we mean the dollars). Frank's a generous soul.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 17, 1929

The Archuleta County Booster's Club is co-operating with the Women's Civic Club and Town of Pagosa Springs in observance of the annual cemetery cleanup day, which will be held next Wednesday, and urges all members and all others to participate in the work on that day. All are requested to come early for an all-day session as there is much to be done. Bring hoes, rakes, shovels and basket lunches; coffee will be served by the Civic Club. It is hoped that numerous men will be present as there is considerable heavy work to be done.

A crew has been put to work by the state highway department on the west slope of Wolf Creek Pass, north of Pagosa Springs, preliminary to the spring opening of this popular thoroughfare.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 15, 1954

Report shows water supply outlook very dismal for our area; meltwater and run-off only about one-half of normal. This outlook is based on snow accumulation in the mountains during the winter months and precipitation to May 1. Snow cover on the San Juan Mountains and along the Continental Divide is extremely low for May 1, even at high elevations.

The Town Board met on Tuesday night of this week for final consideration of several proposed extensions and additions in the waterworks improvement project. After considerable discussion of finances and estimated return from the various lines, they were all turned down. The proposed extensions included one to South Pagosa and one in the vicinity of fourth and fifth streets.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 17, 1979

Snow and colder weather last week caused the San Juan River to drop somewhat and the stream also cleared a bit. It is running high, but not at the levels before the cold spell. There is a large amount of snowmelt to come out of the mountains before summer and it is entirely possible that there will be high water, if weather conditions get just right.

Efforts are underway to extinguish the large sawdust fire at San Juan Lumber Co.'s mill, but to date they haven't been very successful. The burning sawdust emits large clouds of smoke that spread over the area. The smoke cloud is much larger that it would have been from the once used teepee burner and there are also blowing embers that could cause fires.



Local veterinarian cares for dog athletes in Alaska's Iditarod

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Every year, the Winter X Games are held in Colorado.

These are the Olympics for "extreme" cold-weather sports meant to test the mettle of man, woman and machine, to test the laws of physics, to test the capabilities of speed.

But these games are not the lone litmus test for extreme. There are others. Triathalons. The EcoChallenge. Adventure racing which pits teams of athletes competing racing in a mix of extreme sports over difficult terrain.

And the Iditarod - billed as the "Last Great Race on Earth."

This race pits a musher and up to 16 dogs against some of the harshest geography and weather on earth - and the competition - over a 1,150 mile course through the wilderness from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska. Even watching the start of the race, which can happen in temperatures hovering around 30 or 40 below, has its hazards.

The athletes in this race are the dogs. They train over thousands and thousands of miles, are cared for first at checkpoints and consume a specialized diet designed to help them cover 150 miles a day.

It was the dogs that spurred Pagosa Springs veterinarian Gretchen Pearson to volunteer at the start of the 2004 Iditarod in Anchorage.

"I was always interested in sleddog races," Pearson said. "I had read quite a bit about it." Both the ruggedness of the racing and the aestheticism of the animals drew her attention. Then, while visiting Ketchikan last year, she had the opportunity to meet Ray Redington Jr., the grandson of the "Father of the Iditarod," Joe Redington Sr., and one of the 80-some 2004 mushers. Through that chance meeting she learned of the volunteer veterinarians used along the trail to monitor the safety of the dogs. She came home, applied and was accepted.

Pearson, owner of Elk Park Animal Hospital, said she was interested in learning more about the rules and regulations governing the race, how the dogs were cared for and the diseases specific to this type of athlete. Because she had only a week to spend in Alaska, Pearson opted to serve as one of the pre-race veterinarians responsible for examining each of the dogs entered in the Iditarod prior to the start of the race.

About 40 trail veterinarians are also used. These volunteers, some of whom do receive a small stipend, spend two weeks or more traveling the length of the race checking on the dogs until the last team finishes.

The rules are fairly strict, Pearson said. Each of the 12- to 16- member teams must pass a complete physical, which includes an EKG and blood chemistry work prior to the start of the race. Plus, all must be current on vaccines and dewormed. While on the trail, mushers maintain a log book for each of the dogs. At each checkpoint, a veterinarian inspects the health of the animals and signs off on the log. Dogs that exhibit signs of illness, such as vomiting, dogs in heat or injured dogs are not allowed to continue and are "dropped" at the checkpoints to be flown back to Anchorage for treatment. According to the rules, a team may start with up to 16 dogs and must finish with at least five.

Pearson said she arrived in Anchorage - where the ceremonial start of the race occurs - a few days early to attend a series of training seminars. The seminars outlined problems specifically related to sled dogs and racing.

"The number one reason for dogs having to drop out is hyperthermia - overheating," she said. This occurs even though the dogs are running in temperatures that range from a high of 40 degrees to a low of minus 60. Generally, she said, mushers prefer to run their teams when temps are between zero and 15-below, the reason many do most of their driving at night and rest during the day.

Other common problems are injuries to Achilles tendons, shoulder and wrist injuries associated with repetitive motion activities and injuries to the pad of the foot from the icy terrain, injuries similar to those faced by racehorses. In fact, according to an article by the late Don Bowers on the 2004 Iditarod Web site, mushers are required to carry at least two sets of booties - coverings for the team's feet - on the sled at all times. Other required survival gear includes: showshoes, an ax, an arctic sleeping bag, at least two pounds of food for every dog and an alcohol stove with a four or five gallon pot for melting snow and making hot water for the dog food. All of this and anything else the musher deems essential is packed on a 30-40 pound sled pulled by the dogs.

The food is extremely specialized, Pearson said, and high in fats. Each dog consumes somewhere between 10,000-12,000 calories in a day. That's compared to say a human competitive bicyclist who consumes in the neighborhood of 6,000 calories a day.

"Obesity is not a problem in these dogs," she said. "They burn every calorie they take in."

The 2004 winning team, run by Mitch Seavey, of Sterling, Alaska, took the lead with about 200 miles to go and completed the 1,150 mile race in nine days, 12 hours, 20 minutes and 22 seconds.

Pearson said during pre-race checks the vets spent about an hour with each team and musher. When she saw the teams, she said, the EKG's and blood draws had already been done. Her job was the physical exam.

"They (the dogs) were some of the best patients I've ever worked on," she said. "They are used to having their feet and mouths worked on, they're used to being handled, they let me pick up their feet and take their temperatures." Of course, they are trained to be patient, regimented, efficient. If any injuries are found, Pearson said, treatment and care are discussed in detail with the musher.

"Of course," she said, "the mushers don't want the dogs to run hurt, as it could slow the team."

One of the things that surprised her most was the kind of dogs used. They're called, in general, Alaskan Huskies. They're not a registered breed - and conform to no general set of physical standards.

In fact, they're mostly mutts. Highly-prized mutts whose owners can trace their lineage back many generations. These dogs are bred for performance - not looks.

"If you saw these dogs walking down the street you wouldn't give them a second look," Pearson said. "I would have never picked them out of a lineup." They are bred for speed, endurance, leadership qualities, tolerance for extreme conditions and a love of running. In fact, Pearson said, some mushers are starting to mix short-haired dogs into the breeding schedule to help alleviate some of the overheating problem.

According to Tim White, president of the International Federation of Sled Dog Sports, in an article, "Description and Origin of the Alaskan Husky" online, "Š The Alaskan Husky breed is constantly improved by experimentation and adapted to new performance expectations. If we are open-minded, we will all agree that diversity is fundamental to genetic health."

The Iditarod, as it is today, was founded by Redington and Dorothy Page, a resident of Wasilla, Alaska, and self-made historian, to commemorate the contribution of sled dogs and mushers to the last several hundred years of settlement in Alaska. Before airplanes were invented, sled dog teams were main mode of transportation for mail coming in and gold going out of central and northern Alaska and the Yukon Territory. Specifically, the Iditarod celebrates a four-legged race to save the lives of Nome residents in 1925.

According to an article on, Dr. Curtis Welch diagnosed a diptheria outbreak in the community on Jan. 21, 1925. He immediately sent messages via telegraph to Fairbanks, Anchorage, Seward and Juneau in search of serum. It was found in Anchorage. Twenty mushers took part in a 674-mile relay race from Nenana to Nome to deliver the serum to the town. The trek was competed in five days.

Today, the race begins with a ceremonial start in Anchorage for the fans, followed by a restart in Wasilla or Willow. The course changes slightly each year because of weather and terrain and shifts between a northern and southern route through the wilderness. Along the way, drivers stop at some 20 checkpoints. In 2004, 88 teams and mushers started the race. Seventy-seven finished.


Pagosa's Past


Thomas family's chapel served all denominations

John M. Motter

Staff Writer

Glorious adventure was not the only fare on the pioneer Pagosa Country menu. Last week we read about the Thomas family, full of hopes and dreams as they traveled to a new home at Parkview, a community located between Chama and Tierra Amarilla, just south of Pagosa Springs.

Family hopes crashed when, upon arrival, they discovered the sale was a hoax, the sellers did not have title to the property. We closed as Mr. Thomas left his penniless family in Parkview and set out afoot for the San Juan country. With him were his son Ed and a pack burrow.

While traveling down Gobernador Canyon, a caravan headed by Tom Arrington overtook them and guided them to an area near the Aztec ruins. There they found work.

A benevolent neighbor loaned them a team and wagon so they could fetch their family. The narrative does not detail the route across northern New Mexico. We can guess it paralleled today's Highway 64 through the mesa dominated rim rock country between Chama and Bloomfield. I shudder to think of the difficulties faced by the drivers of a team and wagon.

At Aztec, they lived on property owned by a man named Clayton for about a year. Every Sunday morning the family conducted Sunday school services and in the afternoon the children played around the ruins, breaking into a few of them.

Mr. Thomas filed on a homestead on the Animas. When his claim was jumped, he moved over to the La Plata and took up land there. Several other families already lived there and this is where the Thomas family stayed.

The first winter, 1878, was spent in a one-room log cabin with a fireplace. Another room was added the following year and eventually a good-sized house for the growing family and for passers by who made Thomases a sort of "Wayside Inn."

On one occasion there was an Indian uprising. Mr. Thomas moved the family to Fort Lewis for protection, but he stayed home to protect the place.

The first school house in this area was the Hobbs School, a log building on the lower La Plata that was later moved.

Since there was no church, Thomas built a chapel on his own place using adobe bricks. The chapel was for use of the community and preachers of any denomination might use it. The Thomas Chapel later became part of the home of a grandson.

Except for serving on the school board, Mr. Thomas never held public office. Politicking, like working on the Sabbath, was against his principles. He once stopped a man who was on his way to town and chided him for traveling on the Lord's Day.

Indians were frequent visitors at the Thomas home and were usually invited to eat. One day an arrogant young Indian ordered Mrs. Thomas to cook meat and make coffee for him. Angered at his impudence, she snatched up a shovel from beside the fireplace.

"Get out of here or I will kill you with this," she said, and he fell back in confusion. His companions shouted with laughter. "Heap brave, afraid of squaw."

Edward Thomas and his wife died on the same day.

The forgoing story about the Thomases was written by Mrs. John Bryce in "Pioneers of the San Juan Country," Volume IV. Another story about the Thomases is included in the same volume, this one by Mrs. Grace Warren and titled, "Encounters with the Indians."

Ute Indians and some of the Navajo claimed the land on the La Plata, according to Mrs. Warren. Navajos farmed some of the land and raised good crops, proving they were more industrious than the Utes in Mrs. Warren's eyes. She believed they rented the land from the Utes and divided the crops. The hated the encroaching whites, including the Thomas family.

One day in the early spring the men had gone to the hills to cut fence posts and the women were alone at the cabin. A band of mounted Indians rode up. Uninvited, they entered the cabin and crowded around the fireplace.

They showed hostility and threatened to go on the warpath. After about an hour 15-year-old Lizzie, a Thomas daughter, began to carry in wood as if for the fire. There were no windows on the north side of the cabin and two men lived in a dugout about a half mile off in that direction. Lizzie ran to get help from the men, but they refused. Instead they hid themselves and their horses.

On her way back to the cabin, she persuaded a man passing on foot to return with her. When they reached the cabin, the Indians were in a hilarious state, asking the women where their men were. Upon being told the men would be home soon, the Indians laughed and jeered.

The man accompanying Lizzie stepped quietly inside the door, whipped out his gun, and called the Indians some pretty bad names. Surprised, they raced for their horses and galloped away, ending that Indian scare.

More next week on the pioneering Thomas family's adventures with the Indians.




Date High Low Precipitation

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Lingering wind, slim rain chance forecast

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

As illustrated over the past two days, Mother Nature can sometimes be a blow-hard.

As a result, fallen trees, downed power lines and mountain ranges obscured by hazy shrouds of particulate were a few of the scenes witnessed across Pagosa County this week as wind gusts exceeding 40 miles per hour occasionally ripped through the Four Corners region.

Winds are expected to settle slightly heading into the weekend, though the latest forecasts indicate modest breezes may linger through Sunday.

"We're looking at daytime winds in the 10-20 mile per hour range over the next few days," said Mike Meyers, a forecaster with the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction.

"By Sunday evening, most areas should see stronger winds subside," he added.

Rain, however, is apparently not on the weather menu for southwest Colorado.

"There's a little system moving into the northern part of the state that could bring some precipitation," said Meyers.

"Although right now it doesn't look like the system will shift far enough south to affect Pagosa, but that could change over the weekend, of course," he concluded.

According to Meyers, highs today should approach 65 degrees, while lows are expected in the 20s.

Partly-cloudy skies and west winds ranging from 10-15 miles per hour can also be expected, with stronger gusts possible.

Breezy conditions should persist through Friday and into Saturday; highs each day are predicted to range from 65-75 and lows are forecast in the 20s.

Sunday calls for diminishing winds, partly-cloudy conditions, highs around 70 and lows in the 30s.

The forecasts for Monday through Wednesday indicate a slim chance for scattered, afternoon thunderstorms, highs in the 70s and lows around 30.

The average high temperature recorded last week at the Fred Harman Art Museum was 70 degrees. The average low was 33. Moisture totals for the week amounted to zero.

The Pagosa Ranger District rates the current area fire danger as "high." Conditions are subject to change rapidly this time of year; for updates, call the district office at 264-2268.

According to the latest SNOTEL data, the snowpack level for the Upper San Juan River Basin has fallen to 81 percent of average.

San Juan River flow through town ranged from approximately 1,400 cubic feet per second to 2,000 cubic feet per second last week. The river's historic median flow for the week of May 13 equals roughly 1,100 cubic feet per second.