April 29, 2004 
Front Page

Car chase, manhunt ends with drug bust

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

A car chase that started in Bayfield ended near Chimney Rock April 23 when local sheriff's department officers arrested a La Plata County man walking along U.S. 160.

Kevin Rye, of Durango, is being held in La Plata County Jail. He was arrested on two outstanding warrants and charged with possession with intent to distribute methamphetamine and eluding arrest after Friday's incident.

Kelly Davis, director of the Southwest Regional Drug Task Force and a sergeant with the La Plata County Sheriff's Department, said officers made contact with Rye in Durango regarding the outstanding warrants, and the suspect fled, driving away in a 1969 Mercury Comet. Davis followed.

The chase, Davis said, at times reached speeds in excess of 70 miles per hour, winding down to Arboles then up Colo. 151 to U.S. 160 with the suspect drawing as much as a mile ahead at times, depending on the lane markings and traffic. Davis called for assistance from Southern Ute law enforcement and La Plata County. Attempts to stop the suspect failed.

In the HD Mountains near Arboles, Davis said, a dead spot affected communication. "We have no ability to contact anyone there." In Arboles, a forest service employee or ranger, picked up the chase. It's possible, Davis said, that person called the situation into Archuleta County.

Archuleta County Sheriff Lt. T.J. Fitzwater said deputies observed Rye turning westbound on U.S. 160 and then taking a right onto Devil Mountain road, but did not participate in the vehicular pursuit. Once on the forest service road, Rye abandoned his vehicle and left the scene on foot.

Officers from area agencies searched the area for several hours with no luck. Loss of daylight ended the search, Fitzwater said, but he and Deputy Richard Valdez continued surveillance, driving back and forth on U.S. 160 between the junction with Colo. 151 and the Piedra River.

About 10 p.m., the two contacted a subject matching Rye's description walking on U.S. 160 about 40 yards from the Devil Mountain Road turnoff. The subject was detained and later identified as Rye by members of the drug task force. He was taken into custody and transported to La Plata County Jail.


Last-minute pact switches health vote to county clerk

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The counting of ballots and organizing the judges for the "verification, qualification and counting process" in the May 4 Upper San Juan Health Service District Board of Directors election is in the hands of the county clerk.

An amended intergovernmental agreement signed yesterday makes it possible.

Archuleta County Clerk June Madrid said because of the heated political atmosphere surrounding the district and the complicated nature of a mail ballot election, it was agreed it would be best for the election to remain in the clerk's hands through counting of the ballots.

A total of six seats on the seven-member board are up for election, three two-year slots and three four-year slots. The race is hotly contested with 12 candidates on the ballot.

Madrid, who is not required by statute to be involved in a special district election, said she will volunteer her time to oversee this election.

"In the long run I'm hoping people are comfortable with the process from here on out," she said. "I'm simply trying to maintain the integrity of the election so it's fair and honest." Madrid will not ask for compensation for her efforts.

"It's my tax dollars, too," she said, "and when it's over, I want to know in my heart it was done right."

According to a copy of the amended intergovernmental agreement signed by both Madrid and Dee Jackson, executive director of the district, "The fact is, both the district and the clerk according to the original IGA have been striving to carry out the mail ballot election process ... to the best of their ability Š Both the district and the county clerk are in total agreement it is the integrity of the election that is being preserved so the voters will have absolute faith in the election process leading up to and including Election Day, May 4, 2004."

The amendment received approval from the Colorado Division of Local Government, the Colorado Secretary of State and legal counsel for the Upper San Juan Health Service District, Collins, Cockrel and Cole of Denver.

Up to this point, Madrid said, the process has been a little bumpy, most likely, she guessed, because of inexperience.

"If you've never run an election, your first one shouldn't be a mail ballot," she said. "It's very hard on the office running it." None of the bumps appear to have affected the validity of the election at this point, Madrid said. "If I didn't think it would all be OK, I would've backed out."

Attempts to contact Jackson for comment via phone and e-mail Wednesday failed.

All the ballots for the Upper San Juan Health Service District have been mailed, Madrid said. Because of a mix-up with the printer, about 2,000 went out a day late but that should not impact the election.

"It didn't disenfranchise anybody that I can see," she said. In another glitch, between 30-35 property owners who are not registered voters were mailed a ballot. Those names have been identified in the poll book which will be used by the election judges to double check the ballots. Ballots returned by unregistered voters will not be counted.

In order to vote in the special district election, a person must be a registered voter in Colorado and live within district boundaries.

Quite a few ballots have been returned as "undeliverable," a normal occurrence in any election, Madrid said. These are available at the clerk's office. Registered voters can first call the office, 264-8350, to see if the ballot has been returned. If it has, the voter may stop by the office, show identification, correct the address and receive their ballot.

Replacement ballots will be available at both the district's administrative offices and the Archuleta County Clerk's office in the courthouse downtown. Voters may also drop off their ballots at either location up until 7 p.m. election day, May 4.

Madrid said an estimated 10 election judges will be used to verify and count the ballots. Once the ballots are counted, Jackson, as the election official, will complete the canvass to double-check the validity of the results, a requirement in any election.


PAWS, Log Park near agreement on water supply pact

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

The board of directors of the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District "agreed to agree" Tuesday with the terms of a resolution that is expected to result in the bulk sale of water to Log Park Water Company.

If the contract is approved by Log Park Subdivision property owners and earns a green light after a water-court review, in addition to water-sale revenues, PAWS will gain sole possession of various absolute and conditional water rights formerly held by Log Park.

Included in the pending agreement, among others, are district water rights to one cubic foot per second from Park Ditch, one-half cubic foot per second from Fawn Gulch Ditch and nearly 21 acre feet of absolute storage in Thomas Reservoir.

In addition, the potential benefits of the agreement are twofold for Log Park residents - access to a reliable, potable water supply and the avoidance of funding "substantial improvements" efforts that would otherwise be required to enable the subdivision's outdated treatment facilities to comply with drinking-water regulations.

In summary, "This is kind of a win-win situation," explained Gene Tautges, assistant general manager for the district. "And it's important to note that this is an out-of-district agreement, not an inclusion."

Except for legal fees, which will be split between the entities, the financial responsibilities of the endeavor - establishing the infrastructure for delivery/distribution of district water, acquiring rights of way, etc. - falls to Log Park.

Water-service negotiations between the district and Log Park have been occurring on a regular basis for over three years.

The resulting contract mandates, among other things, water-service rates for Log Park that are higher than those paid by district customers, but that notion is not expected to hinder the process, according to Norm Frazier, president of Log Park Water Company.

"The one thing we need to do is get our property owners to ratify it by June 15," said Frazier. "But I don't anticipate there will be any problem at all."

Shortly after hearing those sentiments, the board unanimously carried a motion to eventually agree with the proposed terms of the contract.

Barring any snags, a final, binding vote on the resolution is expected within the next few months.

On a related note, this week's district meeting was the last for longtime board members Harold Slavinski, Bob Frye and George Chenoweth.

Chenoweth has served as board secretary/treasurer for the past 20 years, while Slavinski and Frye have each logged 15 years of service with the board.

Summarizing his tenure as board chairman during that span, "It's been a great place to work," said Slavinski during a mutual exchange of gratitude between staff and board members at the end of Tuesday's session.

Lake levels

According to the latest readings provided by Art Holloman, district superintendent, district reservoirs were at the following levels early this week:

- Lake Hatcher - 100 percent full and spilling

- Stevens Reservoir - 100 percent full and spilling

- Lake Pagosa - 100 percent full and spilling

- Lake Forest - 100 percent full and spilling

- Village Lake - 100 percent full and spilling.


Updated guidelines for Tuesday elections

The following are updated guidelines for registered voters wishing to participate in the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District and Upper San Juan Health Service District elections May 4.

PAWS election

Registered voters who reside or own property within the district can obtain and cast ballots from 7 a.m.-7 p.m. at the district's designated polling location, Pagosa Fire Protection District Station No. 1, 191 N. Pagosa Blvd.

Absentee ballots will also be accepted, though deadline for voters who wished to receive absentee ballots via mail from the district office was Tuesday.

However, voters seeking absentee ballots that do not require mailing have until 4 p.m. tomorrow to obtain them from the district office.

Stop by the district office at 100 Lyn Avenue or call 731-2691 for further information.

Health district election

The health district election is a mail-ballot election. All active registered electors of the district - voters who have cast a ballot in at least one of the last two regular elections - should have received ballots in the mail within the past 10 days.

The return address for mail ballots in the health district election is the Archuleta County Clerk's Office. To ensure ballots are received before the May 4 deadline, voters wishing to return ballots through the mail are advised to do so as soon as possible. Standard postage (one 37-cent stamp) is adequate for return mailing.

On a related note, due to press deadlines and recent developments concerning a change in designated election officials for the health district race, voter information provided in this week's PREVIEW edition is only partially correct.

Specifically, information in Kate's Calendar states inactive voters - registered electors who haven't cast a ballot since before the 2002 election - and other registered voters who did not receive a mail ballot can go to the health district offices to request a ballot and cast a vote until 7 p.m. May 4.

That is still the case; however, in addition, the county clerk's office will also have ballots available for walk-in voters, and can also be utilized as a drop-off point for ballots.

Finally, voters who wish to hand- deliver ballots are reminded to take them to the clerk's office, 449 San Juan St., or the health service district offices, 189 N. Pagosa Blvd., before 7 p.m. May 4.


For verification purposes, voters participating in this year's election may be required to provide personal identification. Appropriate forms of voter identification include the following:

- a current, valid Colorado driver's license

- a current, valid Colorado Department of Revenue identification card

- a current, valid U.S. passport

- a current, valid pilot's license with a photograph

- a current, valid U.S. military identification card

- a current valid employee identification card with photograph

- a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other document showing elector's name and address.

 Inside The Sun

Stock board gets added independence

Governor Bill Owens signed legislation April 26 to grant greater authority to the State Board of Stock Inspection and to take the agency out from under the state's spending cap.

House Bill 04-1351, sponsored by Rep.Diane Hoppe, R-Sterling, gives the Colorado Agriculture Department's livestock inspection unit the authority to set inspection fees without legislative approval.

The agency, commonly known as the Brand Board, was also changed to "enterprise" status, meaning the fees raised from cattle brand inspection will no longer count toward maximum spending limits set by the Taxpayer Bill of Rights, or TABOR.

State Sen. Jack Taylor, R-Steamboat Springs, sponsored the measure in the Senate.

"The Brand Board will play an increasingly important role not only in helping the livestock industry in Colorado to flourish, it will have new responsibilities for tracking livestock for national security purposes," said Agriculture Commissioner Don Ament.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture is currently developing a system that will track any food animal from its birth to the consumer, and states will be critical units in the success of the effort, Ament said.

"Livestock inspection is a producer-funded program to ensure buyers and sellers of rightful ownership," stated Dick Tanner, a rancher from Yoder and chairman of the Colorado Board of Stock Inspection. "The Board works in partnership with the industry, state, and law enforcement and it was great to see everyone cooperate to get this bill passed."

The agency is funded entirely from fees paid by owners of livestock brands and by those who buy and sell livestock.

Cattle, horses, and certain other livestock must be inspected at the time of sale or when they are transported over 75 miles. The inspection is to ensure proper ownership and to prevent livestock theft. Livestock can be identified by permanent marks, called brands, or by identification of other unique markings on unbranded animals.

The agency employs approximately 75 full and part-time inspectors with an annual budget of about $3.7 million.

Over $3.4 billion worth of livestock are sold annually in Colorado, which constitutes over 71 percent of the state's agricultural economy.


Property valuation notices sent

Owners of real property in Archuleta County will receive a Notice of Valuation on or before May 1 from the Archuleta County Assessor's office.

Residents are asked to study the notice carefully and note that property taxes will be based on the actual valuation shown on the notice.

A second notice on personal property valuation, will be sent no later than June 15.

Property owners may request a review of the valuation stated by writing or visiting the assessor's office.

The deadline to file real property protests is June 1. Personal property protests may be filed in person through July 6, or mailed with a postmark date of June 30 or earlier.

Be aware the Notice of Valuation is not a tax statement. The value shown will be reflected on the tax bill you receive next January.

Hearings on protests will be held in the assessor's office in the county courthouse, 449 San Juan St., Pagosa Springs.


Tips for making prom safe and memorable

Your prom should be a special night to remember. It is your last night as a high-school student; soon you'll be beginning an entirely new life - whether in a career or as a college student.

This is your last chance to enjoy the company of fellow students and teachers whom you may no longer see.

While prom night offers you the chance to let loose and have fun, mixing alcohol or drugs into the festivities can have consequences. Don't leave a dark spot on prom memories. Follow these tips when gearing up for the big night to make the evening a safe one. Tips courtesy of Mothers Against Drunk Driving.

- discuss plans with your friends and date in advance. Both you and your parents should know what you're doing

- know your date before you go. Your parents will feel better if you are staying out late with someone familiar

- decide how you will react if you are offered drugs or alcohol. Some responses could be "No thanks." "Are you kidding! I want to remember the night!" or "Actually, I'd rather have a soda. Do you want one?"

- ask a trusted adult or parent to be accessible if you need to call them. Bring a cell phone, calling card or change to make that call

- you want to get to all the prom activities - whether they be dinner and pictures before, the beach or dinner after or the prom itself - safely

- make sure your driver doesn't drink any alcohol. If he or she does, don't get in the car

- more drunk drivers are on the roads during the weekend. Look out for oncoming drivers since impaired drivers tend to drive toward lights

- make sure you have directions to your destinations

- drive on well lit roads and carry a cell phone. That way, you can call for help if you get a flat tire or into an accident

- keep the radio volume turned down. Wear a seat belt

- make sure the car has enough gas to get from point A to point B and back home again.


Some facts about America's mothers

By Elizabeth Garner

Special to The SUN

The first Mother's Day observance was a church service in 1908 requested by Anna Jarvis, of Philadelphia, to honor her deceased mother.

Jarvis, at an early age, had heard her mother express hope that a day to commemorate all mothers would be established. Her mother had also expressed the sentiment that there were many days dedicated to men but none for mothers.

Two years after her mother's death, Jarvis and friends began a letter-writing campaign to declare a national Mother's Day observance to honor mothers. In 1914, Congress passed legislation designating the second Sunday in May as Mother's Day.

How many mothers?

82.5 million - Estimated number of mothers of all ages in the United States. (From unpublished data.)

68 percent - Percentage of women in Mississippi, ages 15 to 44, who are mothers. This is among the highest rates among states. The national average is 56 percent.

Colorado State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture and Colorado counties cooperating.

Cooperative Extension programs are available to all without discrimination

82 percent - Percentage of women 40-to-44 years old who are mothers. In 1976, 90 percent of women in that age group were mothers.

How many children?

Only about 10 percent of women today end their childbearing years with four or more children. That compares with 36 percent in 1976.

2 - Average number of children that women today can expect to have in their lifetime.

3 - Average number of children that women in Utah and Alaska can expect to have in their lifetime. These two states top the nation in average births.

23,870 - Number of florists nationwide in 2001. The florists' 125,116 employees will be especially busy selling bouquets for Mother's Day.

The flowers you buy mom probably were grown in California or Colombia.

Among 36 surveyed states, California was the leading provider of cut flowers in 2002, accounting for more than two-thirds of the domestic production ($279 million out of $410 million) in those states. Meanwhile, the value of U.S. imports of cut flowers and fresh flower buds in 2003 from Colombia, the leading foreign supplier to the United States, was $344 million.

New moms

4 million - Number of women who have babies each year. Of this number, about 425,000 are teens ages 15 to 19, and more than 100,000 are age 40 or over.

25.1 - Average age of women when they give birth for the first time. This is a U.S. record high. The average age has risen nearly four years since 1970.

40 percent - Percentage of births annually that are the mother's first. Another 32 percent are the second-born; 17 percent, third; and 11 percent, fourth or more.

35,000 - Number of births each year attended by physicians, midwives or others that do not occur in hospitals.

1-in-32 - The odds of a woman delivering twins. Her odds of having triplets or other multiple births was approximately 1-in-540.

August - The most popular month in which to have a baby, with 359,000 births taking place that month in 2002. July, with 358,000, was just a shade behind.

Tuesday - The most popular day of the week in which to have a baby, with an average of almost 13,000 births taking place on Tuesdays during 2002.

Working moms

Fifty-five percent of mothers in the labor force had infant children in 2002, down from a record 59 percent in 1998. This marks the first significant decline in this rate since the Census Bureau began calculating this measure in 1976. In that year, 31 percent of mothers with infants were in the labor force.

63 percent - Percentage of college-educated women in the labor force with infant children. Among mothers between 15 and 44 who do not have infants, 72 percent are in the labor force.

More than 67,000 - Number of day-care centers across the country in 2001. Many mothers turn to these centers to help juggle motherhood and career.

About 2 million - Among more than 10 million preschoolers, the number who were primarily cared for in a day-care center during the bulk of their mother's working hours.

Single moms

10 million - The number of single mothers living with children under 18, up from 3 million in 1970.

Some of the preceding data were collected in surveys and are, therefore, subject to sampling error. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau's Public Information Office: telephone: (301)763-3030; fax: (301) 457-3670; e-mail: pio@census.gov.


Overnight closures are continuing on Wolf Creek Pass

Overnight closures on Wolf Creek Pass are set to continue through the summer months.

According to a Colorado Department of Transportation news release, the closures will continue Mondays through Thursdays from 10 p.m.-5 a.m. on the Lonesome Dove to Windy Point project east of the summit between mile markers 179-182. No weekend closures are scheduled.

There will be no closure on the night of Monday, May 31, in observance of the Memorial Day holiday.

Daytime traffic stops of 30-60 minutes are possible because of blasting necessary on this project. Motorists can expect delays of 30 minutes as both east and westbound traffic is stopped while blasting is done and material on the roadway cleared. Longer delays are possible for traffic to be cleared. This project will continue through the end of the year.

During these closures, overnight traffic traveling to the west side of Wolf Creek Pass can travel south on U.S. 285 to Colo. 17 and then south on 17 to U.S. 84 in New Mexico and west thereon to Pagosa Springs. Eastbound traffic should follow the same alternate in reverse.

A 12-foot width restriction and 100-foot total length restriction are in effect through the construction zone. For more information, call the project hotline, (719) 850-2553, or connect to the Web site, www.cdot.info.wolfcreekpass/.

Minor delays can also be expected through the east-side tunnel project between mile markers 173-175. Work on this project occurs Mondays-Thursdays from 7 a.m.-6 p.m. and Fridays until 3 p.m. A width restriction of 12 feet is in effect here Mondays-Fridays from 3 p.m.-7 a.m. and 24 hours a day on weekends and holidays. It's scheduled completion date is sometime in August. For more information on the tunnel project, call (719) 873-2221 or check www.cdot.info/US160SW/index.htm.


Democrats set county assembly, delegate selection May 4

The Archuleta County Democratic Party will hold its 2004 County Assembly and Convention starting at 7 p.m. Tuesday, May 4, in the county fair building.

Delegates, selected at the eight county precinct caucuses April 13, can begin registering at 7:30 p.m.

While selecting 50 delegates to the convention the party also selected 13 precinct committee members.

Chosen were Edward "Butch" Madrid and Charlie King in Precinct 2; Ben and Virginia Douglas in Precinct 3; Bill and Mitch Appenzeller in Precinct 4; Sally High in Precinct 5; Bruce Andersen and Lynda VanPatter in Precinct 6; Lynn Funk and Dave Sindells in Precinct 7; and Jim Cole and Claudia Smith in Precinct 8.

Principal activities at the assembly will be election of delegates to the party's state convention in Pueblo May 21-22.

Those eight chosen will cast votes for candidates vying in contests for the U.S. Senate (Mike Miles and Ken Salazar) and other state and national offices. At least one candidate for the 3rd Congressional seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, Jim Spehar of Grand Junction, plans to attend the Pagosa Springs assembly.

The next central committee meeting is set for 5 p.m. Wednesday, June 2.

Democrats are planning two highway litter cleanup events in May. Call Kerry Dermody at 731-5217 for details.


Wildfire hazard removal work tour set Friday

A vehicle tour of areas on the San Juan National Forest where recent project work has been completed to reduce wildfire hazard fuels will be offered Friday.

Join Bob Frye of the U. S. Forest Service for this informative tour lasting about two hours over unpaved roads in the Turkey Springs area. Meet him at 9 a.m. at the pull-off where the pavement ends on Piedra Road five miles north of U.S. 160.

April is Colorado Wildfire Prevention and Education Month. This tour can help you see what is being done to help protect area homes and property from future wildfires.

For more information call 731-4248.


Leaning toward 2-year delay on school funding mandate

Sen. Isgar's Report

Last week marked our first collective foray into negotiating a constitutional solution to Colorado's budget crisis. So far this session, there have been over 10 different proposals on the table dealing with the Taxpayers Bill of Rights and Amendment 23, and now our task is to decide which, if any, we will refer to the voters.

On Friday, the Senate debated and turned down Senate Concurrent Resolution 012 by Sen. John Andrews, R-Centennial, which would have allowed the state to keep $100 million of the TABOR surplus and reduce Amendment 23 funding by $100 million for the next two years. The problem, however, was that this money would only be a partial fix that would not address Colorado's long-term fiscal problems.

It's almost common wisdom among lawmakers that for any constitutional compromise to earn enough support, it would have to target both TABOR and Amendment 23. And while Senator Andrews' amendment did target both, its lack of long-term relief did not meet general approval, and it was defeated 21-14.

Right now, my support is leaning toward a plan introduced by the Joint Budget Committee that takes a more comprehensive approach. House Concurrent Resolution 1010 would delay for two years the "inflation plus 1 percent" funding increase for schools, which is required under Amendment 23, so that state coffers might have a chance to recover from our recent economic downturn. But this money would be recovered with two additional years of funding after Amendment 23 is scheduled to sunset.

At the same time, HCR 1010 would reset the TABOR spending limits to better reflect state economic growth. The current formula prohibits state spending to grow faster than the rate of population growth plus inflation, or faster than the previous year's state revenue, whichever is lower. But the state has been running on a collision course during the economic recession as revenues have plummeted below the "population growth plus inflation" limit.

Now that revenues are starting to recover, we are hitting the ceiling imposed by this formula. The new proposal would adjust the state spending limit, by setting it at 6 percent of aggregate personal income, which is a more accurate economic indicator of growth. This limit would almost always be higher than any change in the previous year's revenue; changes in state spending would be coupled with movement in the economy.

I would also hope that we could take the suggestions of a citizen coalition on TABOR and craft a final proposal with the broadest possible public support. The Campaign for Colorado, which includes Club 20, the Bell Policy Center, and the Colorado Municipal League to name a few, has been working to offer the voters a moderate fiscal solution, and my wish would be that an amended version of the JBC proposal could earn their support. A legislative remedy that could not gain the support of this coalition would probably be doomed to face competing ballot proposals.

One recommendation from this coalition that I consider important involves a provision to loosen the TABOR restrictions on the growth of local government budgets. Many local governments in the state have had to ratchet down basic services despite increased growth and demand for them.

While I believe in limits on the growth of government at both the state and local level, the limits imposed by TABOR have not been reflective of the real growth that has occurred in many of our communities.

In the end, I believe our goal is to present the voters a viable solution that has sufficient citizen input and the approval of the state Legislature. I'll be sure to include updates on these constitutional proposals in future columns.


Call it 'process': The key to the legislative closet

Rep. Larson's Report

Legislative hardball was the sport of choice last week in the House. High level arm twisting, unrelenting leadership pressure, insinuations of possible primaries, requests to "take a walk" on a vote, voting against the sponsor (not the measure) and other strategies highlighted a week that political junkies would have relished.

The week began when a bill I carried received two "no" votes from members of my party, the only two "no" votes on the bill.

When I asked one of the naysayers what she didn't like about my bill, she candidly stated, "Oh, that wasn't a vote against your bill, it was a vote against you!" She went on to state, "(The other member) and I didn't like the way you voted on another bill." I thanked her for her candor and walked away somewhat stunned.

In my years in the Legislature I suspected this happened but I had never had it so plainly and matter of factually stated. I wrote her a note later expressing my dismay and promising that I would never do that to her. I wonder what her constituents would think if they knew how she was dishonoring them by such behavior? The week got even more interesting.

Last year the Legislature passed a voucher bill that was later challenged in the courts and subsequently ruled unconstitutional. A follow up bill was introduced this year with the assumption that corrections had been made. The bill last year received national attention so this year's version naturally carried equal importance to the sponsor. It was also called, "The governor's bill" by many as if to send an ominous message to take heed.

This bill was lobbied heavily and members received an incredible amount of e-mail ... in my case, all against. The bill sponsor presented the bill on second reading while the Majority Leader counted votes. When a vote count gets very tight, as in the case of this bill, and when the stakes are considered high, all sort of chicanery will be employed.

One member who I guess was perceived to be vulnerable was incessantly hounded by a member of the House leadership. Sitting close to this person it was obvious what was going on. I grabbed a camera and took a picture to give to that beleaguered member as a memento. I later pulled this person aside to give moral support and a pat on the back for not budging on his vote as the onslaught continued.

A short time later I noticed the governor in the chamber and observed him speaking to members. I was fortunate to get another scrapbook keepsake for the member mentioned above as he was in the back corner being lobbied for about 20 minutes with the governor.

Through the course of the debate I learned from several members of the tactics that were being utilized as the vote came down to the wire. I learned of conversations "insinuating" improper voting might spur a primary for a non-compliant member. I heard of suggestions, incredible as it may seem, that a member might "take a walk" so as not to be in the chamber to vote. But when the question was put and votes were cast, the bill failed on a 32 "yes," 33 "no" count.

Unseasoned observers of this legislative playing of hardball politics might be shocked and offended. Actually, as sometimes awful and underhanded as it may seem, it is simply called "process." And, I love it!


Humane SocietyAdopt-a-thon set for this weekend

This weekend, rain or shine, the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs will participate in Adopt-a-thon 2004, a worldwide event started in 1995 by North Shore Animal League America and now the largest yearly animal adoption event ever.

Last year, more than 1,600 shelters worldwide participated and as a result, nearly 155,000 adoptions have been made since the inception of Pet Adopt-a-thon.

Adopt-a-thon 2004 will be held Saturday, May 1 at the Humane Society Thrift Store, 269 Pagosa St. 10 a.m.-4 p.m. and Sunday, May 2, at the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs Animal Shelter, 300 Paws Court off Stevens Lake Road 10 a.m.-4 p.m.

Come out, walk a dog, enjoy lemonade, cookies and pick out a new member of your family. This Adopt-a-thon is mainly focusing on feline friends. Adopt a cat for only $22.50 including vaccinations, microchip, spay/neuter, one free vet visit and a new best friend.

For further information, contact the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs Administration Offices at 264-5549.


Unitarians will focus on a world at peace

The Pagosah Unitarian Universalist Fellowship will continue its series Sunday exploring the Seven UU Principles, this time focusing on the Sixth Principle: "The Goal of World Community with Peace, Liberty, and Justice for All."

Merilyn Moorhead and Glenn Bergmann will lead the program, which is based on a sermon by the Rev. Dr. Stephen Furrer, minister of the Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Santa Fe.

It was delivered Oct. 28, 2001, approximately six weeks after 9/11. This presentation will explore and discuss how the history and evolution of this principle relate to the future of our nation.

The service and children's program will start at 10:30 a.m. Following the service, there will be a potluck luncheon. All are welcome.

The Fellowship is now meeting in its new permanent home in Unit 15, Greenbriar Plaza, which is located on Greenbriar Drive, off North Pagosa Boulevard. Unit 15 is on the east (back) side of the commercial plaza. Turn east on Greenbriar Drive off North Pagosa by the fire station, then left into the parking lot and look for the big new sign.


St. Patrick's restoring Navajo cemetery

Those of you driving past St. Patrick's Episcopal Church on South Pagosa Boulevard may be asking "What's with all those crosses?"

The congregation members are restoring a cemetery in Navajo land, a burial site where many of the tomb markers have fallen.

Men in the congregation built 39 new crosses as part of their Lenten discipline. On the Sunday after Easter, members of the congregation painted the crosses and they will be installed in the cemetery May 1 with a local work party traveling to northern New Mexico for the project.


Fiber Festival slated Memorial Day weekend

By Pauline Benetti

Special to The PREVIEW

Mark your calendar for Memorial Day weekend and plan to spend time at the Pagosa Fiber Festival held at the Archuleta County Fairgrounds.

The festival will run 9 a.m.-5 p.m. both Saturday and Sunday, May 29 and 30. On Friday, May 28, classes will be held for those who want to work with fibers.

If you have never been to the fiber festival, you are in for a treat for the whole family. In the big tent, you will find all kinds of interesting animals - alpacas, llamas, angora goats which produce mohair and angora rabbits which produce angora, and several different types of sheep.

Outside you can watch as goats and sheep are relieved of half a year's fiber during the shearing process. In the vendors hall you will find fiber fashioned into every conceivable form - hat, glove, scarf, sweater, rugs, you name it.

In addition, you can watch demonstrations of the many different ways to handle fleece - spinning, weaving, knitting, crocheting and felting.

For those interested in learning how to work fiber, there will be classes in knitting (scarves/shawls for beginners and advanced); spinning (drop spindle for beginners); hand painting roving and yarns; felting (hat or purse for beginners); weaving (Rio Grande style for beginners); knitting (socks for beginners and advanced); crocheting (for beginners to intermediate); and locker hooking (for beginners).

For more information on classes and registration, contact Susan Halabrin at 264-5447 or shalabrin @aol.com. For further information about the fiber festival or to reserve a vendor or exhibitor space, contact Jane McKain at 264-4458 or jemackain@earthlink.net.


After Prom Party at community center

An After Prom Party sponsored by caring parents and supported by Pagosa Springs High School will be held 1-5 a.m. following the May 1 prom in Pagosa Springs Community Center.

Entertainment will include giant inflatable games (human bowling and bouncy boxing); a live DJ, hypnotist, movie room, karaoke and an American Idol-style contest.

Electronic and cash prizes will be given out during the party. A grand prize, a laptop computer, will be given away at the end of the night.

Free food and beverages will be available. Cost is $2 for singles, $3 for couples at the door.

There is a one-time check in. If you choose to leave, you will be signed out and unable to return.

This an alcohol- and drug-free party and any seniors or juniors who do not attend the prom are welcome to attend the party.


Task force urges water conservation

By Denise Rue-Pastin

Special to The PREVIEW

In November 2003 the first meeting of the Archuleta County Water Wise Policy Task Force convened.

The task force was sponsored by the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District in conjunction with representatives from Archuleta County, the town of Pagosa Springs and the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association.

The goal of the task force was to develop ways to help reduce water waste within the county.

One outcome of the subsequent Task Force meetings was a Joint Water Waste Proclamation, which the boards of directors of the entities enacted. It is anticipated that the town council will approve the proclamation at their next board meeting, which is the first week in May - also National Drinking Water Week.

Since the proclamation relates to treated water within the county, support from other water districts/companies (e.g., Alpine Lakes, Log Park, Piedra Park and the San Juan River Village) was also obtained.

The intent of the proclamation is to encourage efficient use of our water supplies by eliminating all intentional or unintentional water waste when reasonable solutions are available.

It is the desire of the task force to encourage voluntary water conservation through education.

We hope you will join in this endeavor.


Joint Water Waste Proclamation

WHEREAS, Colorado water rights are tied to the concept of beneficial use; and

WHEREAS, beneficial use is defined in the Colorado Revised Statutes (CRS 37-92-103(4)) as "the use of that amount of water that is reasonable and appropriate under reasonably efficient practices to accomplish without waste the purpose for which the appropriation is lawfully madeŠ"; and

WHEREAS, it has been demonstrated that the elimination of wasteful water-use practices can dramatically reduce water usage; and

WHEREAS, the participating Boards of Directors understand that the water supply is located in a semi-arid climate, prone to drought, and with limited water resources; and

WHEREAS, the participating Boards of Directors understand the pressing need to use water in a more efficient manner to allow for future sustained growth of the community;

NOW THEREFORE, the participating Boards of Directors, do hereby issue the following joint proclamation relating to water waste:

1. Users of treated water are hereby called upon and encouraged, in a spirit of community cooperation, to eliminate water waste practices defined and set forth as follows: "Water waste" is defined as the use of water for non-beneficial purposes. Water waste includes, but is not limited to:

- Allowing a controllable leak of water to go unrepaired - all water leaks from exterior or interior pipes, or plumbing fixtures should be repaired immediately. No person should in any manner waste or permit the waste of water from any pipe, fixture or appliance under their control

- Watering lawns or landscapes outside of predetermined hours and days

- Watering during periods of high wind and/or rain

- Irrigation systems that allow water to pond on the site, over-water or over-spray the areas being watered to the point where water is collecting and/or creating run-off

- Open hosing down of sidewalks, driveways, patios, alleys, parking areas, and all other hard-surfaced areas except as may be necessary to properly dispose of flammable or other dangerous liquids or substances or to prevent or eliminate materials dangerous to the public health and safety

- Washing of vehicles of any kind except with a hand-held bucket or hose equipped with a shut-off nozzle; and

- Fountains, ponds, lakes, displays, evaporative cooling systems, conveyer car washes, and industrial clothes washers that do not use a recycling system.

2. Users of private water and irrigation systems are encouraged to eliminate water waste practices defined above as they apply to the individual situation.

3. The elimination of water waste practices should begin immediately. Water users are encouraged to follow wise water use measures on a permanent basis as a means of stretching our valuable public water resources, and ensuring adequate supplies of high quality water for generations to come.

The goal of this proclamation is to encourage efficient use of the water supplies by eliminating all intentional or unintentional water waste when reasonable solutions are available.


Don't attempt to move hurt, abandoned animals

By Cameron Lewis

Special to The SUN

A resident was hiking for several hours in a forested area, exploring the damage from a recent fire, when her dogs discovered a tiny bear. Assuming it was an orphan due to the fire, she carried it out.

She walked more than an hour back to her residence and called a wildlife officer, who retrieved the bear from her home, where it was huddled in a pet carrier. He debated whether to put it back where it was found or take it to a rehabilitator.

Because the bear (estimated to be eight to ten weeks old), weighed only 4 pounds, the bear was taken to a licensed wildlife rehabilitator in hopes it can gain enough weight that it can be released later. Due to its size, it may have to wait until next winter for release, when it will have a better chance of survival.

"If you find a baby animal, and you don't see any signs of the mother, contain your pets, and leave the baby animal alone where it is. Mark the spot, then call the Division of Wildlife (DOW) for the next step," said Troy Florian, the wildlife officer who retrieved the tiny cub. "Sometimes due to circumstances, we may have to take orphaned wildlife to a rehabilitator, but it often has the best chance of survival if left alone and reunited with parents."

Southwest of Denver at an office park, workers had a great view of nesting owls. When the adult owls weren't seen one day, the workers took up observation posts below the nest to watch for the mother's return.

The concerned workers were oblivious to the factor that the continuing human presence and activity might keep the mother owl away indefinitely. As wildlife officers arrived at the scene, the would-be rescuers were placing a ladder and attempting to remove the baby owlets from the nest.

When told that the owls needed to remain in the nest, the workers accused the wildlife officer of not caring about the young owls. After the constant watchers left the area, observations were made from a distance and the mother owl returned to care for her young.

Spring is the season when many wildlife babies come into the world. As people venture outside in the warm weather of early summer, they may find wildlife babies in their yards or open space areas. As tempting as it may be to "help" young wildlife by picking it up, or by trying to give it food or water, for wildlife babies, there is no substitution for their natural parents.

It is not unusual to find a newborn animal without an adult animal nearby. Deer, elk and other mammals often leave their young while they go off to feed, relying on the newborns' natural camouflage and ability to lie perfectly still to protect them. Adults will stay a short distance away so they do not attract predators to the location of the young.

People should not assume that just because they don't see the parents the young ones were abandoned. The adults may avoid returning to the area as long as humans are present, so hovering too close can be harmful for the young wildlife.

If you find young wildlife while you are hiking in wilderness or open space, enjoy a quick glimpse and leave the animal where it is. If you find young animals in your yard, keep pets out of the area. Curious dogs and cats are a great risk for fragile young wildlife. When hiking in areas that allow dogs, keep them leashed to be sure they don't encounter ground-nesting birds or other wildlife babies where they may do harm.

Each spring people are quick to scoop up baby wildlife and bring them to rehabilitation facilities, veterinary clinics or Division of Wildlife offices. "The best thing to do, if you are concerned the young is abandoned, is to quietly observe the situation for several hours from a distance using binoculars. Don't hover so close that the wild parents are afraid to return to the area," advises Wildlife Officer Susanne Tracey. "If 12 hours go by and the mother does not return, it's possible the newborn was abandoned or the mother is dead. If you are certain that the animal parent is dead (if hit by a car, for example) report it to the Division of Wildlife. Do not move the animal yourself."

Licensed wildlife rehabilitators can spend time and energy to keep a young bird or animal alive until it is old enough to be released into the wild, but it is essential that baby animals learn survival skills from their parents. Young animals that have been confined for any length of time, and later released, have a harder time surviving in the wild.

In cases where newly hatched birds have fallen from their nest, return them to the nest if you can do so safely, or place them on a high branch to keep them away from pets. Newly hatched birds will have little or no feathers. Keep in mind that when young birds begin to fly, they often spend time on the ground before they perfect their flying skills. If this appears to be the case, leave them alone and let them learn.

Most birds have a poor sense of smell and the parents will not abandon a bird touched by humans. If you cannot reach the nest, you can make a temporary nest from a small strawberry basket or open box or margarine container lined with dryer lint or paper towels. Do not use grass; the moisture can make the bird's temperature drop. Hang the basket as high as you can, near the original nest. The adult birds will hear the baby's calls and feed it until it is old enough to fly.

Never give a bird water; most birds do not drink directly, but get moisture from the foods they eat. Dropping liquid in their throats can obstruct their breathing tube and kill them.

Laws you should know

It is illegal in Colorado to possess most species of native wildlife. Cute baby raccoons and skunks will grow up to be big problems if you "adopt" a foundling. You can be ticketed and the animal will be taken away.

In addition, human-raised and hand-fed animals rarely can be returned to the wild because they have imprinted on humans or because they lack survival skills. Licensed wildlife rehabilitators are trained to use methods that will give a wild animal the best chance of surviving upon release.

If you are tempted to keep a baby bird, don't! Migratory birds, including songbirds, are protected under federal law. Possession of a bird, its nest or eggs without a permit is illegal. It is illegal to attempt to rehabilitate injured or orphaned wildlife without proper state and federal permits. Contact the DOW if you are aware of wildlife that needs to be cared for by a licensed wildlife rehabilitator in your area.

Despite the fact that wildlife is usually best left alone, there are instances in which people find injured or orphaned wildlife that needs help. If this happens, call the DOW for assistance.

For more information, visit the Web at www.wildlife.state.co.us or call (303) 297-1192.


'Becoming an Outdoor Woman' workshop set for Pagosa Springs

An international program designed to teach women outdoor sporting, recreation, and survival skills is accepting registration applications through the Colorado Division of Wildlife for two upcoming workshops in Colorado.

A "Becoming an Outdoors Woman®"workshop is scheduled May 14-16 at the Pagosa Lodge in Pagosa Springs.

The three-day workshops offer participants training sessions on hiking, fishing, shooting sports, backpacking, survival, and many other outdoor activities. Carefully screened, expert volunteer instructors from the DOW, other state and federal organizations, and the outdoor industry will teach the workshops.

In previous workshops, instructors have taught horseback riding, firearm safety, fly fishing, wildlife tracking, nature photography, outdoor cooking, and global positioning system technology.

Coordinators add new classes each year. Excursions might include outings to ancient Anasazi Indian ruins, white-water rafting trips, and field trips to learn about medicinal plants and their applications.

The DOW has conducted BOW activities in Colorado since autumn 1994.

"It's a totally comfortable, nonthreatening and supportive environment," said Colorado BOW Coordinator Lenora Lovett.

The program's rules are safety first, no politics, and have fun.

Lovett's rule is, "Don't be afraid to ask questions.

"Stretch your comfort zone, build your confidence, and have fun doing it. Catch a fish. Write a beautiful article in your journal. Learn to spot a moose. Becoming an Outdoors-Woman offers all these things," she said.

BOW offers workshops in 43 states and nine Canadian provinces. Over the past decade, women from Hawaii to New York have traveled to Colorado to attend outdoor classes. Participants have ranged in age from 18 to 73 and have brought with them a broad range of previous outdoor experience. Some are novices, others are seasoned outdoor enthusiasts who want to pick up new skills or just enjoy the camaraderie of like-minded individuals.

Participating states and provinces tailor the program to fit their own outdoor opportunities and geographical features. Naturally, the Colorado Rocky Mountains are a big draw for both residents and out-of-state visitors, Lovett said.

Registration materials for the spring workshop are in the mail, and Lovett stressed that anyone interested in the Pagosa Springs event should mail in the $285 registration fee as soon as possible to save a spot. Registration for the fall workshop will open in July and the fee has been tentatively set at $275.

In addition to the two major workshops, single- and double-topic BOW classes may be offered throughout the year. Such classes might include fly fishing, archery, survival skills, shotgun shooting instruction, including trap/clays, and wildlife watching workshops through the DOW's Watchable Wildlife Program.

Lovett encourages interested individuals to check the BOW Web page regularly at: wildlife.state. co.us/education/bow/outdoorswoman.asp.

Colorado BOW has been able to offer a number of need-based scholarships every year. Some scholarships are sponsored by sportsmen's groups such as the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, Sables Denver Division, the Colorado Bowhunters Association, the Pheasants Forever Pikes Chapter, and Friends of the National Rifle Association (NRA).

Enthusiastic BOW alumni have also contributed to a scholarship fund by donating and bidding for items during silent auctions held at each workshop. To date, participants have funded six scholarships. Among BOW's Colorado sponsors are the state's top private wildlife foundations, sporting stores and organizations, and municipal and state agencies. A complete list of sponsors is available at the DOW Web site.

Anyone who would like to be added to the BOW mailing list to receive information about upcoming BOW events can contact Lovett via phone, mail or e-mail at Colorado Division of Wildlife, 6060 Broadway, Denver, CO 80216, (303) 291-7303.


Public lands center asks comment on thinning plan

The public is invited to comment on an environmental assessment which proposes to treat hazardous fuels within the wildland-urban interface, or WUI, on lands administered by the BLM-San Juan Public Lands Center.

The WUI includes communities and subdivisions adjacent to or surrounded by public lands. Mechanical thinning, by hand or machine, is the only treatment proposed.

This umbrella document addresses cumulative effects and mitigating measures for all future WUI treatments.

This proposal does not include treating any lands within Wilderness areas, Wilderness Study Areas, or the Canyon of the Ancients National Monument.

The primary objectives of the proposed fuels-reduction projects are to reduce the risk of catastrophic wildfire and reduce the hazardous fuels complex by opening the woodland and forest canopy across the landscape.

If a wind-driven, canopy-fire event were to occur in the study areas, the conditions that currently exist would constitute a huge threat to the general public and firefighting personnel. In addition to being a safety concern, a fire event of this nature could quickly spread onto adjacent private and public lands and destroy natural and cultural resources, as well as structures.

The San Juan Public Lands Center administers approximately 187,000 acres of BLM public land in the WUI. During the past three years, field office personnel in Pagosa Springs Dolores and Bayfield have implemented approximately 13,000 acres of fuels-reduction projects. The BLM hopes to be able to treat 3,000-8,000 acres of hazardous fuels a year over the next 10 years.

The EA may be reviewed at the Public Lands Office in Pagosa Springs, at 2nd and Pagosa streets.

It may also be found on the Web at: www.fs.fed.us/r2/sanjuan under Projects and Plans.

Comments, which will be accepted until May 28, 2004, should be mailed to Randy Lewis, Project Leader, San Juan Public Lands Center, 15 Burnett Court, Durango, CO 81301.

For more information contact Lewis at (970) 385-1358.


DOW announces competitive conservation grants program

The Colorado Division of Wildlife has set aside $200,000 for a competitive grants program to help conservation groups and communities around the state implement projects aimed at conserving, restoring or enhancing Colorado's threatened, endangered and declining wildlife resources.

Jim Guthrie, DOW's financial initiative program manager, said the Colorado Wildlife Conservation Grant Program will be funded through the federal-state Wildlife Grant Program, and should start hitting the ground in early summer.

"We work closely with many organizations throughout Colorado in our wildlife conservation efforts, and their support is tremendously valuable," Guthrie said. "This new grant program will help build important new initiatives, expand the resources dedicated to our state's wildlife, and help the DOW meet high-priority goals in its strategic plan."

Local governments, school districts, private conservation groups, education organizations, and other qualifying parties can apply for the funds.

Eligible projects will include those focused on species conservation and education projects closely tied to a species conservation effort. A $50,000 cap has been set for any single project.

Guthrie said the intent of the grants program is to fund several projects, not a single initiative such as a large property easement acquisition.

"This funding will help move some good ideas from paper to reality, and we expect it will draw in additional financial support - as well as volunteer help for several wildlife projects," he said.

Funding applications for 2004 allocations must be postmarked by June 1 and sent to the DOW headquarters at 6060 Broadway, Denver, CO 80216, or e-mailed by the same date to jim.guthrie@state.co.us.

A panel made up of DOW personnel and outside experts is expected to meet and review the applications by June 15 and forward its recommendations to the agency's senior staff and director, who will review and adopt a final project list by July 1. Finalists will be notified by July 10.

The review panel will rank projects based on impact, consistency with DOW priorities, expectation of success, partnerships, whether they address imminent needs, and the percentage of funding that will go toward project implementation instead of administrative overhead.

Examples of possible projects include: on-the-ground habitat restoration; wildlife education programs tied to a specific species conservation effort; public information campaigns in support of species recovery programs; species population field surveys; or development of alternative funding sources for species conservation projects.

The review panel and DOW senior staff will give priority to projects that are consistent with the principles of the agency's Wildlife Strategic Plan, including the five "high-priority achievements," which are:

- habitat to support the broadest sustainable wildlife populations

- conservation partnerships with private landowners

- protect and enhance species at risk of becoming threatened or endangered

- implement recovery plans

- increase the number of Colorado students who learn about wildlife issues.

Projects that do not fall under any of the high-priority achievements categories - but are consistent with other strategic plan goals - will be considered.

The DOW's 2002-2007 strategic plan is available on the DOW Web site. Applicants should be aware they will have to comply with federal and state regulations related to grants, including accounting, reporting, and matching fund requirements.

All applications should include: a description of the project; specific, tangible goals or "deliverables"; project location; benefits of the project; partners; project costs, including total requested funding; type and source of matching funds; a project timeline; and project leader contact information.

Proposals should not exceed four pages. Project costs should be detailed enough to enable the review panel, DOW senior staff, and the agency's director to understand exactly how funds will be used. Costs should also be tied to project deliverables and elements. Funding for the competition has already been earmarked for fiscal year 2004, but successful completion of projects should not depend on future availability of State Wildlife Grant or CWCG funds, Guthrie said.

Entities competing for funding must contribute 25 percent in matching, non-federal funds for planning projects, and 50 percent in matching, non-federal funds for implementation projects. In-kind services and volunteer time can be used as a match. Funds already committed as a match for other projects cannot be used to match CWCG funds.

"We hope Congress will continue to fund the State Wildlife Grant program, but it is a year-to-year decision. Unfortunately, the uncertainty over future appropriation levels also limits the type of conservation programs we can support with State Wildlife Grant funds," Guthrie said.

For more information about the DOW's Strategic Plan, log onto: http://wildlife.state.co.us/about/StrategicPlan/StrategicPlanindex.asp.


Full moon program at Chimney Rock

A full moon program will be presented Wednesday, May 5, at Chimney Rock Archaeological area.

The program includes hiking up to the Great House Pueblo just before sunset where a presentation on the archaeoastronomy of the site will be given as the full moon rises over the San Juan Mountains.

Live flute music by Native American artist Charles Martinez will accompany the presentation.

Tickets will only be available at the gate. Advance reservations are not needed and cost is $10 per person. Plan to pay by cash or check because credit cards will not be accepted for this event.

Plan to arrive at the gate between 7 and 7:30 p.m. The gate will be closed at 7:30 and the program will end at 9:30. In the event of bad weather, the program will be cancelled. Call 264-2287 on the afternoon of May 5 for late information.

Persons attending should come prepared for the outdoors with a good working flashlight, warm clothing, good walking shoes and a blanket or ground cloth to sit on (no folding chairs, please). Due to the strenuous nature of the hike and length of the program, it is not recommended for children under age 12.

The Chimney Rock Archaeological Area is on Colo. 151 south of U.S. 160, 18 miles west of Pagosa Springs.



Stay the course

I have been reading the barrage of letters about the upcoming election and I am getting to wonder what some of our citizens are thinking.

Some people feel this election year strategy has more to do with winning the election than winning the war. The liberal bashing will be a significant factor. It is beyond me why some liberals want to be liked by murderers.

But if they prevail, that is to say we do not stay the course in Iraq, the U.S. will have lost two of the main reasons for going in.

First it was to show the militant fundamentalists that the U.S. can close with the enemy and sustain the fight for as long as it takes. Second was to have a strong military presence in this strategically located country so that the U.S. can influence the Islamic states in the region. If we do not succeed I fear in the long run U.S. citizens may pay a much higher price that 9/11.

Our media fails to print the successes and constantly prints the tragic pieces of information. The same type of reporting was conducted during the Vietnam War. When I came back from Vietnam and read the newspapers I wondered what war I had been in.

We must look down the road and realize that the holy wars involved these same types of individuals and their goal is to destroy the infidels, and as long as these clerics can control the masses we will never be able to rest in peace.

Franklin W. Anderson


Wake up!

Dear Editor:

A response to Sen. Isgar's report dated 4/22/04:

Wake up!

When your toilet is overflowing do you want the plumber to send his stock person to check it out or do you want the real plumber to check out the problem.

When your mother is having leg pain do you want someone to just give her a Tylenol or do you want someone to assess her leg?

1. Check the circulation.

2. Check for pedal pulse.

3. What is temperature of leg.

4. Is there a positive or negative Homan's sign?

This is what a real nurse would do. You cannot teach anyone these assessment skills in six months.

Do you feel the facility where these medication aides work is going to monetarily reward them? Wake up! What licensed director of nursing is going to assume the legal responsibility if there was an error made?

There is a nursing shortage. Our pay is low. Check the local hospitals and ask about the wages of nursing personnel. We work long hours, have the responsibility of people's lives, no breaks, and our only rewards are that we saved a life or made the last moments of someone's life more meaningful.

The average person does not even know when they go into a clinic that it is not a real nurse but someone who has learned to take temperatures, B/Ps and pulse. Read the name tags - Nursing Staff. What does that mean? I have worked with a lot of good Certified Nursing Assistants and without them health care would deteriorate. They work hard, cleaning bottoms, changing diapers and feeding people. Ask what they are paid. A little above the minimum wage. How can we ask them to assume even more responsibility without compensation?

You pay the plumber more than you pay the person who cares for your mom.

Senator, HB 1014 will only give the owners of health facilities more money in their pockets because they can have medication aides instead of real nurses.

Nurses would have more time if physicians evaluated the appropriateness of the medications they ordered for patients.

Diane Benesch


Memory update

Dear Editor:

Ad data was not incorrect. Dr. Knoll, let me refresh your memory regarding your denial of being at a meeting with myself. I attended a meeting (along with Patty Tillerson and Kathy Saley) on Jan. 15, 2004, a Thursday, from 1:30-3:30 p.m. held in the commissioners' room.

This was the meeting where you and Dr. Blide gave your new plan on how to solve all the health district problems. You presented a plan of keeping EMS under district management, but showing all Mary Fisher Clinic doctors, employees and present clinic functions to be privately contracted to the private sector.

At this meeting there were nine county employees, two local residents, and three representatives from the health district (we were uninvited guests). Of the county employees, five were elected officials and four salaried employees.

Perhaps this is a meeting you would like to forget. I believe this meeting may have violated one law in particular, the Sunshine Law, with two county commissioners Lynch and Ecker in attendance and Lynch was making strong political decisions and suggestions.

Secondly, I cannot believe that county taxpayers paid county employees on county time to listen to your political plans for two hours. You could have fooled me that you are not a candidate. This meeting would have been somewhat legitimate if the board members of the health district had been invited.

Yes, I admit I still have no name for this meeting, and apparently neither do the commissioners who attended. In fact, in late February, I went to the commissioners' regular meeting and asked what kind of meeting I had attended. Commissioner Lynch could not reply as to what the purpose was of this meeting, a workshop or a what?

I was told by Commissioner Lynch that elected officials have the right to attend meetings at any time. Okay. But what about the other four non-elected county employees who were paid to listen? I left that day with no formal answer from Chairman Lynch. I am pursuing what I believe to be an illegal meeting that was very inappropriate for paid county employes to attend.

Later, it was alluded to by Commissioner Lynch that the employees attended due to their interest at stake in the health district. This is curious to me, for I understand the commissioners have been advised by the county attorney that the county cannot help the health district because it is a separate entity that they have no legal control over.

I would hope in the future that with the commissioners' election coming that our county officials exercise careful judgment in what meetings our paid county employees attend.

Debra Brown

Step down now

Dear Editor:

I attended the League of Women voters presentation to meet and hear the candidates for the board of directors of Upper San Juan Health Service District.

I want to thank the league for making the event possible. I also want to thank all the candidates who appeared and spoke for their civility to each other in spite of differing viewpoints.

All spoke to the need for better communication and rededication to solving the continuing issues facing the district, so I feel encouraged Pagosans might have a home town health care solution in their future.

One of the candidates - I do not remember which - mentioned that during a recent conversation with the executive director she had indicated a willingness to step down if that became necessary. The executive director has perhaps unwittingly and unintentionally become such a lightning rod for the ills bedeviling the clinic that I would like to encourage her, no matter the outcome of the election, to immediately submit her resignation.

No matter the makeup of the newly elected board, it is clear to me that district affairs will move forward more smoothly with a new executive director at the helm.

An orderly transition to a new director, working in harmony with a newly elected board of directors, will reestablish confidence, trust and integrity in the administration of the district.

Edgar G. Lowrance

Fix roads first

Dear Editor:

Before we start spending taxpayers' money on upgrading the Archuleta County airport, we need to fix our dismal county-maintained roads.

The airport serves an ultra-elite few, some of whom don't even live here or pay property taxes here.

It would behoove the two county commissioners running for re-election this fall, not to spend a dime on airport improvements.

How about paving Upper Piedra Road and Eight Mile Mesa road to name just a couple of roads that desperately need improvement.

Stop catering to special interest groups and start supporting the people who pay your salaries.

Marty Margulies

Whining distracts

Dear Editor:

Several of the letters recently printed in The SUN went just a little too far with rhetoric and not quite far enough with the facts when it comes to the voting and performance record of the John Kerry.

Each of us has to weed through the jargon and spin of both parties and the media to get to the facts about candidates. Let's distinguish facts from spin, and make a distinction between the two.

Regarding Mr. Bennett's claim that Clinton and Kerry "castrated" the intelligence community and cut military spending and strength in half during Clinton's administration, the degradation of the CIA's human intelligence goes back to the '70s. However, the CIA, like all government agencies, answers to the President and Congress.

So who is to blame? Frank Church? He was the Democrat in charge of the "Church Commission" to investigate the use of covert operations to assassinate foreign leaders. Or Ronald Reagan? Or maybe it was the head of the CIA in 1976, George Bush, Sr.

There is enough blame to go around for both parties. Whining about who is to blame distracts us from what needs to be done, fixing the problem.

Regarding Clinton and Kerry's "castration" of the military; it's common knowledge that the military we are currently fighting with was built by the Clinton administration with the support and help of a Republican majority congress. Kudos to both. However, George W. has proposed $1.5 billion in cuts to military family housing and child care centers, doubling the price of prescription drugs for veterans and cutting the "In-Harms Way" pay for active duty soldiers by almost 70 percent.

Has Kerry cast votes that may have been mistakes when viewed in hindsight? Absolutely. Could the same be said about any sitting Senator? You bet. The Republican spin machine is peddling a hoax; Kerry is no fence sitter or "hater" of our armed forces. Check the facts. In 1991 Kerry voted against S. 3189, the Defense Appropriations Act. The vote was on the entire bill, not on weapons systems, specifically. In fact, Kerry was one of 16 senators (including five Republicans) to vote against it. Concurrently, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney advised against funding for advanced weapons systems. Reporting to the Senate Armed Services Committee he stated: "You've directed me to buy more M-1s, F-14s, and F-16s - all great systems Š but we have enough of them."

Kerry opposed an amendment to impose a 2-percent cut in the military. He also opposed an amendment to cut Pentagon intelligence programs by $1 billion. Kerry voted against a motion to cut $30.5 billion from the defense. He opposed a motion to cut six F-18 jet fighters from the budget and he voted against a motion to terminate the Trident II missile. Sound like a fence sitter?

The issues are complex. Please check the facts before you vote; don't rely on hearsay. I don't plan on casting my vote based on who has the most sensational spin. If I did, I might be a Republican.

Jim Morris

Get facts straight

Dear Editor:

In reference to Leona Mizel's letter (April 22) the Builders Association of Pagosa Springs does appreciate the Colorado Mounted Rangers.

Since the first home show in 2000 the Mounted Rangers have been providing security, and doing a superb job at that. The Mounted Rangers cannot charge for their services, however donations are greatly appreciated.

I cannot speak for the other organizations, but the builders association has always made a donation to the Mounted Rangers for their services, this year donating $600.

I don't have a problem with the Mounted Rangers getting credit for the services they provide. I just feel that Leona needs to get her facts correct before arbitrarily bashing the builders and other organizations in the community.

Steve Schwartz

Home show coordinator

Timing question

Dear Editor:

We were very surprised to find in our postal box last week the Upper San Juan Health Service District Newsletter "The District Beat."

We do find the timing of this to be quite interesting considering the upcoming election of new board members for the USJHSD and the fact that in the same week registered voters received their ballots.

Once again we see an absolute waste of taxpayers' money in the production of this newsletter which, with its timing and content, demonstrates not-so-subtle electioneering which is bordering on the illegal by the current board and administration.

We as taxpayers do not wish to endorse certain candidates on the current USJHSD board or the administration with our taxpayer dollars. We find it abhorrent that this board and administration continues to abuse their power by producing this propaganda in a frantic scramble to save their own skins.

In addition, comments made in the newsletter such as "The Community Speaks and We Listen!" are quite laughable, in fact one might almost say hysterical if it weren't for the pain that has been caused to so many over the past two years.

We are very much looking forward to a change for the better for the health care of Pagosa Springs.

Elisabeth and Philip Starks

Excited to serve

Dear Editor:

You, the voters, are electing six citizens to serve with me on the Upper San Juan Health District board of directors.

Prior to taking their oath of office, these folks will be required to attend an all-day orientation for newly-elected board members to apprise them of the legal requirements of the office.

They will tour our facilities, meet medical director Dr. Guy Paquet, physician advisor Dr. Dan Hepburn, and executive director Dee Jackson. As customary in the past, they will be sworn into office as the first item of business at the May meeting of the board.

Hopefully, the abuse hurled at our employees by some in the public over this past year will now end. The only desire of employees, all who work on salary, is to meet your health needs with professionalism and respect. The lack of civility toward them has saddened me greatly.

Defending these things has been financially costly and spiritually draining. At times, I have asked myself why I remained on this board, but the fortitude of our dedicated employees, along with faith in this community kept me going as I honestly believed that those folks were a minority of misled citizens and that goodness would surely come through.

So, I remained with our employees and will work diligently over these final two years of my term to fulfill the long-sought desires of this community for increased, up-to-date health care services.

I am excited and ask that everyone please allow us to get our work done. If you are not pleased with our accomplishments over the next two years, then please put your name on the line and run for a position yourself. In the meantime, watch us work. Hopefully, you will like what you see.

Lastly, let me remind you that members of this board serve without pay. Legally, they could be paid $75 per meeting; however, this has never been considered by any past boards and I am certain this one will be no different. I have faith that all will join together and work for the good of our community health services - you deserve no less.

Patty Tillerson


Community News

Kate's Calendar

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist


Bingo at the American Legion the first, third and fifth Thursdays of every month. Doors open at 6 p.m. and games start at 7. Free coffee and smoke-free environment.


Sisson Library volunteers will meet for lunch at 11:30 a.m. at the Downside Moose restaurant located in the center at U.S. 160 and Piñon Drive.


Car seat safety check at Seeds of Learning parking lot 3:30-5:30 p.m. Bring your child's car seat in and have it checked free. This is a great opportunity to see if your child is in the appropriate car seat for their size and age.


General meeting of the Pagosa Piecemakers will be held at 10 a.m. at Mountain Heights Baptist Church. Shirley Brinckmann of Edleweiss Needlework will do the program and there will be a free class on flour basket design. Cost of kits is $12.50. Call Selena Hughes at 731-6009 if you are not already signed up and wish to participate.

May 2

PALS (Pagosa Area Singles) meets for dinner 6 p.m. at Back Country BBQ on North Pagosa Boulevard. All singles 35 and over welcome. Reservations required, Call 731-2445.

May 4

Important: Deadline for Upper San Juan Health Service District mail ballot election. Ballots not sent by mail must be taken to the USJHSD office by 7 p.m. today in order for the vote to count. The offices are on North Pagosa Boulevard next door to Fire Station 1.

May 4

Important: Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation board election. The polling place is Fire Station 1 on North Pagosa Boulevard, 7 a.m.-7 p.m. This is a "walk-in" election.

May 5

Red Hat Society General Meeting and Cinco de Mayo celebration, 1 p.m., at Ramon's Mexican Restaurant. All chapter members, their guests and newcomers are welcome. For information and reservations, call Queen Kathryn Heilhecker, 731-6421, or e-mail her at fourcournerssjafra@yahoo.com.

May 6

The San Juan Outdoor Club will met at the Parish Hall on Lewis Street at 6:30 p.m. for a social time, followed at 7 p.m. by a business meeting and program. The program will be by Bill Nobles and will describe insects and spiders in the area. Visitors are welcome.

May 8

Annual clothing giveaway at St. Patrick Episcopal Church, South Pagosa Boulevard next door to the Dr. Mary Fisher Clinic. The time is 9 a.m.-3 p.m.

May 8

The Cinco de Mayo celebration will be held 5-7 p.m. at Vista Clubhouse.

May 8

The Pagosa MS Springers will take part in the Multiple Sclerosis Fun Walk, 9:30 a.m., in Santa Rita Park, Durango.

May 8 and 9

The Pagosa Springs Community Choir, along with the Pagosa Springs Children's Chorale, will present its second annual spring concert, titled "On With the Show," at 7 p.m. Saturday and 4 p.m Sunday. Both performances are in the Pagosa Springs High School auditorium. Admission is free.

May 12

The Pagosa Women's Club will meet at JJ's Upstream Restaurant. Doors open at 11:45 a.m. and lunch will be served at noon, followed by the program by Ann Allison, RN, "Key Concepts in Women's Heart." Cost is $9.50 and reservations are required. Please call Joan Slavinski by noon Monday, 731-2255 for reservations.

May 13

The Mountain View Homemakers will meet with Harriet Giancaspro who lives at 33 Stone Court. Directions: North Pagosa Boulevard to Aspenglow. Turn right and right again on Stone Court. First house on right. A pharmacist from Jackisch Drug will give the presentation.

May 13

The Newcomer Club will meet at The Office Lounge on North Pagosa Boulevard. The Office will be open at 6 p.m. and the buffet cost is $7 per person. Reservations not necessary. The club is sponsored by the Pagosa Springs Welcoming Service. All newcomers are welcome. Call 731-2398 for more information.


Senior News

Fly high with our seniors Friday

By Laura Bedard

SUN Columnist

We have some high-flying fun planned for the last day of this month.

Besides celebrating April birthdays, we are hoping for a steady breeze out of the southwest to fly our kites after lunch. (Perhaps Kurt Killion will start talking and help us out!)

If it seems to be breezy enough for kite flying Friday, bring yours along and join us in the field about 1 p.m.

One more reminder about our "Senior Prom." This is your last chance to buy tickets for a fabulous opportunity to dress up and dance. We will be partying at the high school starting at 3 p.m. Sunday. The theme for the afternoon is Shang Hai Nights. We will have corsages or boutonnieres, sandwiches, snacks, photos and music. We will also crown a king and queen. All this for only $3 for Archuleta Seniors, Inc. members.

You don't have to dress up, but you do have to like eating, dancing or listening to good music provided by John Graves and company. Call 264-2167 for more information.

If there are four or more of you coming to lunch on a special day, give us a call 24 hours in advance, so we will be sure to have enough food. Remember, we don't serve lunch Thursdays.

A note to our Silver Foxes Den seniors: In the event you need to schedule an in-town medical appointment, contact Musetta at 264-2167. The best times to make your appointments are midmorning and midafternoon Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday. The transportation department will no longer schedule the in-town appointments. Please continue to schedule your Durango medical appointments through the transportation department at 264-6371. If you have any questions, call Musetta.

Good news and bad news for May 4: The good news is that the Seeds of Learning kids will be here to sing for their lunch, and they are always fun to see. The bad news is that Bev Brown won't be here for massage this week, but she will be back next week. Also, Suki won't be having Yoga in Motion Tuesday, but she too will be back next week.

Musetta will be going to Washington, D.C. this week with a senior for a special award ceremony on Capitol Hill. I can't tell you more at this point, but read the Senior News next week to find out why we are so excited about this trip.

Our newsletter is available online at: www.archuletacounty. org/Seniors/newsletter.htm. Follow the links from there. You may choose to have the newsletter e-mailed to you if you prefer. If so, give us a call and we'll add you to the list.

More Old George

Old George reminisces about the "good old days"Š

"Do you remember the locomotives? I remember those steam locomotives and the trains they pulled. What a beautiful sight it was to see a locomotive pulling a string of passenger cars 70 miles an hour along the rails. When the firemen pulled open the doors and put more coal into the fire a plume of black smoke would roll out of the smoke stack and over the length of the entire train. It would be visible for many miles. What a sight it was to see a loaded passenger train, coming over the pass above the Moffatt Tunnel after dark, with all of the interior lights blazing. When they changed from the steam to diesel locomotives it was a big deal. The diesel locomotives were stainless steel and wonderful to watch as they came gliding into Denver. I'll never forget the first time I saw one. Do you remember?"

We will be celebrating Mother's Day Friday, May 7, by giving all our ladies a small gift at lunch time. Come join us in honoring mothers, grandmothers and great-grandmothers alike.

Volunteers needed

Are you looking for a way to volunteer some time to your community and make an immediate impact on someone's life?

The Archuleta County Silver Foxes Den Senior Center has an opportunity for you to make new friends while you donate one lunch hour per week to the home meal program for our senior citizens.

Applications are currently being accepted from individuals as well as businesses, churches and other organizations that would like to make a difference. All applicants must provide their own vehicle and be available in one-hour increments once a week. We are also accepting applications for substitute drivers. A background check will be completed on all applicants.

We also need a few more volunteers to provide assistance on our senior bus approximately once a week. Duties may include assistance from the home to bus, carrying groceries and assisting with grocery shopping. A background check will be completed on all applicants.

Help brighten the day of a senior today by helping out. Call 264-2167 for more information.

Do you have too many birthday cards hanging around your home? We are running low and could use your donations. Thank you.


Friday - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; MicroSoft Word, 10:30; celebrate April birthdays, noon; kite flying, 1 p.m.

May 3 - Tai Chi Chih, 9:30 a.m.; Medicare counseling, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.; Bridge for fun, 1 p.m.

May 4 - No Yoga in Motion; advanced computer class, 10:30; no massage today; Seeds of Learning Kids sing, 11:30

May 5 - 10:30 Beginning computer class, 10:30 a.m.; Canasta, 1 p.m.

May 7 - Qi Gong, 10 a.m.; MicroSoft Word, 10:30; celebrate Mother's Day, noon.


Friday - Oven fried chicken, mashed potatoes and gravy, mixed vegetables, biscuit and citrus cup

May 3 - Pot roast with vegetables, spinach, orange juice, biscuits and plums

May 4 - Spaghetti and meatballs, Italian vegetables, bread stick, and pineapple

May 5 - Turkey tetrazzini, tossed salad, broccoli blend muffin and pears

May 7 - Beef stroganoff, rice or noodles, green beans, whole wheat roll and apricot


Chamber News

Diplomat training workshops begin

By Sally Hamiester

SUN Columnist

Once again I invite anyone interested in volunteering their time at the Visitor Center to join us for one of our Diplomat training workshops this week and next.

It's probably a little late to commit to the one being held today, but you are welcome to join us 2-4 p.m. tomorrow, Friday, at the Visitor Center or on Tuesday, May 4, 9-11 a.m.

Even Diplomats who have hosted for years attend these sessions to catch up on the inevitable changes that occur over the winter. We discuss the businesses we've lost, the ones we've gained, name changes, location changes and all the tidbits needed to better serve our membership.

We also discuss the dos and don'ts of volunteering, like never recommending a specific restaurant, accommodation or real estate agent when asked to do so. This can be a mine field every now and then, but our Diplomats become masters at tiptoeing through that particular situation. They know that they need to hand the visitor the proper guide that gives them all the choices available in their area of interest and allows them to make the decision.

We pride ourselves on the equitable treatment we afford our members, and our Diplomats are exceedingly adept at maintaining an equal playing ground for everyone.

We're always looking for more volunteers and invite anyone who is interested in becoming a Pagosa Springs host/hostess to come to one of our Diplomat training workshops and learn more about what we do here. Please plan to attend tomorrow, or on May 4. Just give us a call at 264-2360 to let us know which session you would like to attend.

There is no better way to learn about this community and get to know a truly dedicated and delightful group of people than to become a Chamber Diplomat.

Karaoke contest

Evidently it was standing room only at Squirrel's Pub and Pantry Friday night when the five-night karaoke contest got under way with 12 contestants competing in the areas of originality, vocal ability and stage presence.

Top scores in each category were awarded bonus prizes for the first night competition when June Marquez was selected Most Original, Jeannie Dodd took Best Vocal Talent honors and Candy Flaming displayed Best Stage Presence. These three winners will move into the next competition tomorrow night beginning at 9:30 p.m. at Squirrel's when the music of the '70s will be featured.

After the fifth and final competition, cash prizes will be awarded to the winner along with a CD song compilation created from the contest. Second and third place winners will be recognized and elimination prizes will be awarded to those contestants who do not advance to the next rounds.

Please join the gang at Squirrel's for this fun competition as a contestant or as an interested observer. One way or the other, it promises to be tons of fun. Please call 264-6763 or 264-4173 for more information about the karaoke contest.

FolkWest benefit

This Saturday evening, two shows will be held at the Abbey Theater in Durango featuring Nashville singer-songwriter, Darrell Scott, to benefit FolkWest staff members Dan Appenzeller and Rick "Bear" Bolhouse.

Both Rick and Dan have faced serious and extended medical challenges this past year, and Beth Warren of KSUT came up with the idea of a fund-raising concert featuring Scott. He has appeared in a number of FolkWest events and generously agreed to perform both shows in Durango for travel expenses.

Tickets for the 7 and 9:30 p.m. shows are available at Moonlight Books for $25, and since seating is limited, please plan to buy your tickets in advance. For more information or to buy tickets outside of Pagosa Springs, you can call Beth Warren at (970) 759-1877 or e-mail her at beth@ksut.org.

After prom party

The Pagosa Springs Community Center will host a safe and fun-filled option to the post-prom dilemma this weekend with a party 1-5 a.m. May 2. Entertainment will include giant inflatable games like human bowling and bouncy boxing, a live DJ, a hypnotist, karaoke, an American idol contest and a movie room. Electronic and cash prizes will be given away throughout the party, and at the end, a laptop computer will be awarded to some lucky participant.

The price of admission for this alcohol- and drug-free party is $2 for singles and $3 for couples and covers the food and beverages that will be available. You also need to be aware that there is a one-time check-in, and those who choose to leave will be unable to return. This is such a great idea for a safe night, and we hope that the majority of promgoers will take advantage of it.

Cinco de Mayo

The Pagosa Springs Spanish Fiesta Club will host a Cinco de Mayo celebration next Saturday, May 8, at the Vista Center from 5-7 p.m. This is a family affair with games and prizes provided by non-profits and hot dogs and refreshments served by the Spanish Fiesta Club. The entertainment for the evening will be provided by Grupo Espinosa, a local family of talented young folklorico dancers.

Under the instruction of Hispanic cultural educator Gloria Lopez, this troupe has danced to the delight of many audiences.

The 2004 Fiesta Grand Marshal will be announced and the coronation of Spanish Fiesta Royalty will take place at 6 p.m. Applications are currently available at the Chamber of Commerce or you can call Natalie Ortega at 264-4604. Nominations for Grand Marshal are welcome at P.O. Box 71 in Pagosa, 81147.

At 7 p.m. the clubhouse will be cleared out and doors will reopen at 7:30 for the dance featuring local Spanish band, Variety Express. The cost for the dance is $10 and will begin at 8. The Guadalupana Society will offer delicious posole and tortillas, and the Fiesta Club will serve other refreshments. You can purchase a slice of Cinco de Mayo cake from the Grupo Espinosa dancers with proceeds benefiting each organization. Door prizes have been donated by several Pagosa individuals and businesses, and the best dancers of the evening will be rewarded with prizes.

If you would like to volunteer for this event or are interested in being a part of the Spanish Fiesta taking place on Saturday, June 19, please give a call to Jeff Laydon, 264-3686, or Lucy Gonzales at 264-4791. Viva la Fiesta.

Folk routes

Much to our delight, cellist Philip Hansen is returning to Pagosa Springs with piano accompanist, Lisa Campi, for his third concert, "Folk Routes -Music from Around the World for Cello and Piano." Phillip's upcoming performance in Pagosa will be held at the Community Bible Church at 264 Village Drive on Saturday, May 22, at 4 p.m. Tickets will go on sale at the community center and Chamber of Commerce on May 10 at $10 for adults and $8 for children and seniors with a membership card. As always, proceeds from the concert will benefit the senior citizens of Archuleta County. Call Musetta or Laura at 264-2167 for more information.

Music in the Mountains

Last week I reported to you that over one-third of the tickets for this summer's three Music in the Mountains performance had been sold, and I report to you this week that over two thirds have now flown out of this office.

The astonishing thing about this is that we have folks this year who are buying 15 to 24 tickets at a time with surprising regularity. Obviously, at that rate we will sell out before you can say "Antonio Pompa-Baldi." Actually, I made such a compelling argument for buying tickets last week that I bought my own lest I lose out.

The dates for these concerts are July 23, July 30 and August 6, and all will be held on Friday evenings at BootJack Ranch beginning at 7 p.m. Please plan to join us for one, two or all of these magnificent concerts featuring world-renowned classical musicians at BootJack Ranch.

If you would like to get on the mailing list for these and all future Music in the Mountains events, please call 385-6820 and specify that you want to be on the Pagosa Springs mailing list.

SJCD program

The San Juan Conservation District will hold its annual program on Saturday, May 8, in the Archuleta County Extension Building 9 a.m.-12:20 p.m. when lunch will be served. This program will include a presentation by Scott Woodall from the Natural Resources Conservation Service on "The Usefulness of Native Plants." Jerry Archuleta will speak about the Stollsteimer Creek watershed project and Doug Purcell from the Colorado Division of Wildlife will present "The Lynx Recovery."

Additional information will be available on PAM (polyacrylamide for sealing ditches/ponds), anti-seep collars and cloud seeding. The catered lunch will include roast beef, mashed potatoes w/gravy, green beans, salad, rolls and fruit cobbler.

If you hurry and register by tomorrow, April 30, cost for the program will be $8.50 for the presentation, materials and lunch. Registration at the door will be $10, and you can call 264-5516 for more information.

Choral Society

"On With the Show" is the title of the spring choral concert featuring the Pagosa Springs Community Choir and the Pagosa Springs Children's Choir concert. The Pagosa Springs Choral Society is proud to bring you two performances, one on Saturday, May 8, at 7 p.m. and another on Sunday, May 9, at 4 p.m., both in the high school auditorium.

These are free concerts, but donations will be cheerfully accepted, and bake sales will be conducted with proceeds benefiting the enhancement of both groups. If you have questions, contact Sue Kehret at 731-3858. Please plan to attend what is sure to be an uplifting, entertaining evening dedicated to ushering the spring season into Pagosa.

Four Corners Folk Fest

Tomorrow is the deadline to save $10 on advance-purchase prices on two-day, three-day or on-site camping festival passes at this year's Four Corners Folk Festival. The lineup this year is more impressive than ever as Crista and Dan continue to raise the talent and big-name bar.

The three easy ways to order include calling toll free at (877) 472-4672 between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., printing the mail order form from the Web site and sending it in with your credit card number, check or money order or ordering online using Pay Pal. Note: this includes a $3 per order service charge. Single day passes will go on sale May 1.

For complete festival information, visit www.folkwest.com.


I must confess that we have been spoiled rotten by the new membership and renewal numbers we have enjoyed for the past many months and understand that most chambers can't even relate to our phenomenal support. This week I have one new member and two renewals to share with you and couldn't be more pleased (unless, of course, it was 20 new and 30 renewals - just kidding) to do so.

We welcome Marty Shelton with the Rio Grande Club located in South Fork at 0285 Rio Grande Trail. The Rio Grande Club offers an 18-hole championship golf course replete with pro shop, restaurant, lounge and banquet/conference facilities as well as tournament scheduling. Semi-private facilities with memberships are also available.

Please call Marty at (719) 873-1995 for more information about the Rio Grande Club or online at www.riograndeclub.com. We are grateful to loyal Chamber member Bill Goddard of The Choke Cherry Tree for recruiting this new member and will happily send off a free SunDowner pass with our sincere gratitude.

Our renewals this week are both old friends of the Chamber, Terry Clifford with Clifford Construction and Lenore Bright with the Ruby Sisson Memorial Library/Upper San Juan Library District. We are sincerely grateful to our friends, both old and new.


Library News

Many books detail story of hummingbirds

By Lenore Bright

SUN Columnist

Margaret Wilson called to tell us the first scout was sighted. The hummingbirds are back.

The little visitors are late this year, no doubt because of the weather. But we are always glad to see them.

We have many books about hummers to share with our patrons and newcomers. Our most frequent species are the broadbills that appear now and rude Rufous who comes later.

According to the Sonoran Desert booklet on the secret life of hummingbirds, the hummer will eat over twice its weight in nectar every day, as well as many small insects and spiders. It needs to constantly "refuel."

On cold nights its heart rate drops and it may stop breathing for minutes at a time. At sunrise, it can start the metabolic engine and warm up again. This temporary hibernation is called "torpor." They become torpid to deal with the cold and also to save energy for migration.

Rufous make the most impressive journeys. They leave their winter homes in Mexico and travel north to California and on up as far as Alaska. Then in summer they begin their flight back home stopping here for a short time. For some it is a round trip of 2,200 miles.

All hummingbird experts agree on what to put in your feeders. The solution should be prepared by dissolving one part table sugar in four parts water. Boil for a minute or two to sterilize it.

There is no need to add red food coloring. Hang in a shady place.

If there are any hummers in your neighborhood, they will find your feeder. Clean and refill at least once a week and twice in hot weather. To clean, use a mild bleach solution of one part bleach to 10 parts water, and rinse thoroughly.

Hummers love a birdbath and/or fountain for bathing. And you may want to plant a hummingbird garden.

Come look at our books and get those feeders up.

New raffle item

We thank the Pagosa Piecemakers organization for donating a beautiful quilt to be raffled to raise money for the building addition.

The Civic Club holds an annual raffle in connection with its holiday bazaar the first weekend in November. The quilt will be the featured raffle item this year. It will be on display at the library until the bazaar.

The Piecemakers have been meeting for about 15 years. There are close to 70 members interested in all aspects of quilting and other subjects. They meet once a month. Current president is Margaret Darling. Pam Thompson is in charge of community projects. For more information about this busy group, call 264-5837.

Southwest Center

We met Mary Kay Taylor, program coordinator for "Older Individuals who are Blind," programs at the health fair. Taylor explained about the OIB program that supports individuals 55 years of age and older who have significant visual impairment that hinders their ability to remain independent.

The Southwest Center for Independence located in Durango will provide home assessment and help identify the need for equipment, mobility training, home modifications and peer support

We were excited to learn that there may be a way to offer people The SUN on the radio. As I understand it, it can be heard over the telephone, or on PBS TV in certain places. We are checking into this and will have more information after I attend a meeting at the senior center next week

Ms. Taylor gave us many catalogs with items to help everyone lead more active independent lives from talking wristwatches to Braille dice. We will start a file on these living aids and other information helpful to all.

I will have more information on hummingbirds and OIB next week.


Thanks for donations in memory of Sue Gast from Don and Ethel Rasnic, Jim and Margaret Wilson, Gil and Lenore Bright, RSM McGladry, Inc. and Wolf Creek Ski Area. Other donations to the building fund came from Fred and June Ebeling, Betsy Gill, Sid and Phyllis Martin, Albert and Kathie Marchand, Becky Porco and Donna Faye Hallford. Jim and Margaret Wilson in memory of Dr. Joe Brothers. Don and Ethel Rasnic in memory of Crawford Wall Cotton.

Thanks for materials from Susan Kanyur, Kelsey Lyle, Joan Pharr, Peg Cooper in memory of Grace Houser.


Veteran's Corner

Second veteran transport vehicle bites the dust

By Andy Fautheree

SUN Columnist

Last week I wrote about the cooperative effort between Archuleta County government and local veteran nonprofit organizations such as the American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars.

One of the main focuses of this cooperative effort has been the veterans' VA health care transportation program. This program has been extremely successful and I believe unique in Colorado to provide and assist our Archuleta County veterans with transportation to the VA health care appointments.

Our veterans travel to five different VAHC facilities as far away as 565 miles. Many of our veterans lack adequate transportation because of health or financial considerations.

Second vehicle failure

While I was away last week for the annual Colorado Division of Veterans Affairs Training Conference the older of our two vehicles gave up the ghost. Our 1999 Dodge Stratus, the No. 2 veterans' vehicle, had major engine failure while a veteran was returning from a trip to Albuquerque VA Medical Center. The vehicle has 155,000 miles on it and has been giving excellent service in spite of its high mileage.

One vehicle available

We are now down to one vehicle, which frequently won't stretch well between the five different locations our veterans travel to.

Fortunately we anticipated the No. 2 vehicle was about at the end of its useful life. Earlier this year Pagosa Springs American Legion Post 108 and Archuleta County worked together once again to apply for a grant to the Colorado Veterans Trust Fund to purchase a new vehicle to replace it. Pagosa Springs VFW also joined in support of the grant application.

As of last week at the training conference I received favorable information that we may be successful in obtaining the grant money. The grant was written for $30,000 to purchase a new vehicle. Let us hope we are successful with this much needed grant this year. I expect the grants will be announced sometime between now and this summer.

This is the same grant the local American Legion Post was successful in obtaining two years ago to purchase a new Ford Taurus. We call this veterans vehicle No. 1.

Deserve support

Last week I called for our local veterans to support our nonprofit veteran's organizations. Now we have all the more reasons to support them as we seek to continue providing reliable transportation for our Archuleta County veterans to travel to their VAHC appointments. Our local nonprofit veterans organizations are the major role players in this endeavor, quietly helping our veterans and their families with their services.

They deserve our continued support. It's a very worthy cause for our community.

Outstanding VSO award

On another note, I felt very humbled last week that I was awarded the Colorado United Veteran's Committee "Outstanding Veterans Service Officer" award for 2004 at their annual awards banquet in Denver. The award says, "In recognition and appreciation of his dedication, expertise and commitment to provide guidance and services to veterans and their families."

On hand for the presentation were Lt. Governor Jane Norton; Major General Mason C. Whitney, Adjutant General of Colorado; numerous high-ranking retired officers and other military personnel, and a number of elected state and national officials.

Needless to say the award is proudly displayed in my office.

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office on the lower floor of the county courthouse. The office number is 264-8375, the fax number is 264-8376, and e-mail is afautheree@archuletacounty.org. The office is open 8 a.m.-4 p.m., Monday through Thursday; Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.


Arts Line

Arts important in defining quality of life

By Leanne Goebel

PREVIEW Columnist

A consultant is hired by the Town of Pagosa Springs to help define the town's identity. Concerned citizens are voicing their opinion about potential development at Wolf Creek Ski area. The Citizens Task Force is asking for input on the Archuleta County Community Plan. An emergency loan is needed to fund millions of dollars worth of airport improvements.

These local issues brought to mind a recent article by Michael Bloomberg, mayor of New York City. Bloomberg said that not long ago, the formula for job growth and wealth creation in America's cities included expanding the airport, offering tax breaks, hiring some marketers, and waiting for the businesses to come.

Unfortunately, in most cities and towns, this plan didn't work. The businesses didn't relocate. In some municipalities the effort took away from vital funds needed for education, hospitals, mass transit, and affordable housing.

So what works? A pivotal element of the answer, according to Bloomberg, is museums, galleries, theaters, and concert halls - cultural institutions that draw creative people.

"These have been engines of economic growth at least since Athenians flocked to catch Aristophanes's latest - and maybe buy a gyro outside the amphitheater. Where culture takes root, commerce follows."

The arts are an important factor when defining quality of life, right up there with recreational facilities, parks, climate and geography. Something to think about.

Children's Chorale

The 40 voices of the Colorado Springs Children's Chorale "Springs Singers" will perform for students at Pagosa Springs intermediate and junior high schools 1:30 p.m. today, for Pine Ridge Care Center residents 9:30 a.m. Friday, April 30, and at the Lutheran School, Friday at 10:30 a.m. They will perform a free concert for the public 2:30 p.m. Saturday, May 1, at the Lutheran School.

Now in its 27th year, this group of young goodwill ambassadors annually entertains statewide at such events as the Colorado Music Educators Convention, the Kennedy Center's Imagination Celebration, performs with the Colorado Springs Symphony and Chorale, the First Presbyterian Church Christmas Concert, and has served as artists-in-residence at the Aspen Music Festival.

The chorale members will rehearse with our new Pagosa Springs Children's Chorale and is hosting a workshop Saturday, May 1 9 a.m.-2 p.m. at the Lutheran School.

For a fee of $8, participants will learn performance techniques, vocal production and stage presence and will be taught songs which they will perform with the Colorado Springs Children's Chorale.

The workshop is open to all interested young singers, ages 7 to 14 who might wish to audition for local chorales. In the fall, a second chorale will be available in Pagosa for young people ages 11 to 15 in addition to the existing chorale for children ages 6 to 10.

For more information, call Sue Anderson at 264-0244.

Opportunity for artists

Call for entries: Contemporary Art Exhibition at the new Evergreen Arts Center, June 26-Aug. 1. Juror for this event is Patty Ortiz, director of programming for the Museum of Contemporary Art in Denver. Entry deadline is June 1. Mail entry to: Contemporary Art Exhibition, Evergreen Arts Center, 23003B Ellingwood Trail, Evergreen, Colorado 80439. Visit www.evergreenarts.org or call (303) 674-0056

Call for entries: The Durango Arts Center annual Member Artist Show, Sept. 3-Oct. 2. For the first time they are including writing in this event. Writers need to submit poetry or short stories by Aug. 2. For more information, contact Jules at 259-2606 or dac@frontier.net. Member visual artist's please contact Jules for submission guidelines.

Writers wanted

The Southwest Colorado Arts Perspective, a new quarterly arts journal launching in June, is looking for writers who are passionate about art, music, theatre and dance. Deadline for submissions to be included in the inaugural issue is May 4. Contact Heather Levitt at 533-0642 or e-mail Info@sharedivision publishing.com.

Upcoming workshops

Beginning/intermediate watercolor with internationally known artist Pierre Mion. Ten Tuesdays, beginning May 4, 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. There will be four indoor meetings at Vista Clubhouse and six outdoor meetings. Contact Pierre at 731-9781. Class is limited to no more than 10 students.

Third Saturday workshop in May: Randall Davis will discuss and instruct figure drawing, with considerable focus on the human eye. Davis is a talented artist, who draws paints and sculpts, as well as a charming man and naturally gifted teacher. You're gonna love the class, so mark your calendars. 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Don't forget your lunch. Cost is $35, to PSAC.

An in-depth workshop on the basics of watercolor with Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett will be repeated May 19, 20 and 21  at the Pagosa Springs Community Center. The classes each day will start promptly at 9 a.m. and continue until 3:30 p.m. or so. Each day you'll need to either bring your lunch or plan to eat (on Wednesday and Friday) at the senior center. Cost is $130 or $123.50 for PSAC members. Contact PSAC at 264-5020 to register or stop by the gallery in Town Park.

 Acting workshop for teens. Felicia Lansbury Meyer will instruct a three-week acting workshop for teens. Felicia is a Los Angeles performer and filmmaker who has worked on stage in New York, Los Angeles and Europe and has appeared in numerous television roles. She received her M.F.A. in directing from the American Film Institute, where she directed the award-winning short film, "Desert Snow." She has taught previous acting workshops in Pagosa Springs, Sun Valley, Idaho and directed "An Evening of Shorts — Revelations" for FoPA in Pagosa Springs last year.

In her youth workshops, she emphasizes fostering individuality and leadership, as well as teaching the skills necessary to listen, communicate and collaborate.

This upcoming workshop will focus on aspects of creating character, using objectives, being present, listening, memorization and blocking in a contemporary scene. There will be an informal presentation of scenes at the end of the session.

The workshop will run 3-5:30 p.m. June 7-25 (Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays) in the community center. The cost is $125. Class size is limited. For more information, contact Pagosa Springs Arts Council, 264-5020 or Felicia Lansbury Meyer, 264-6028.

Summer Art Camp for Kids is June 1-30 at Pagosa Springs Elementary 9 a.m.-noon, Monday through Friday. Once again, Tessie Garcia, Lisa Brown and Susan Hogan bring this terrific opportunity for children who love art. Mark Brown will be teaching Crafts for Boys and Lisa will lead Multicultural Art, Just for Girls. Tessie Garcia will teach Clay'n Around and Susan Hogan will teach Drawing and Painting.

Pick up a flyer at the elementary school and drop off your payment at the PSAC Gallery in Town Park. The cost for this year's art camp is $300 per student. A 10 percent discount is available for those who register by May 7 and PSAC members receive an additional 10-percent discount. Leave a message at 264-5020 to reserve your space today.

A limited number of scholarships are available for the camp. If you would like to donate money to the scholarship program, please contact Doris Green at 264-6904 or 264-5020.

Around the region

Enhance it with watercolor with internationally known colored pencil artist Janie Gildow, CPSA at the Ouray County Arts Center Sept. 25-26. Deadline to register is June 30. Cost is $170 or $150 for OCAC members. Special lodging rates are available. E-mail DeAnn.McDaniel@med.va.gov for application or send your name, address, phone, e-mail and check to: Ouray County Arts Center, PO Box 1497, Ouray, CO 81427.


May 7 - High school art exhibit opening reception at the gallery in Town Park, 5-7 p.m.

May 6-19 - High school art exhibit

May 12 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at community center

May 13 - Photo club, 5:30 p.m. at the community center

May 15 - Third Saturday workshop with Randall Davis, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at community center

May 16 - Writers workshop with C.J. Hannah

May 19-21 - In depth on the basics of watercolor with Denny Rose and Ginnie Bartlett, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at the community center

May 20 - Bonnie Davies and Rita O'Connell opening reception for the artist at the gallery in Town Park, 5-7 p.m.

May 20-June 1 - Bonnie Davies and Rita O'Connell art exhibit

May 25 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m .at the community center

June 1-30 - Summer Art Camp for Kids at the elementary school, Monday-Friday, 9 a.m.- noon

June 7-25 - Teen acting class with Felicia Lansbury Meyers, all day

June 22 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m. at the community center

June 19 - Third Saturday workshop, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. at community center

June 28-30 - Amy Rosner, Expressing Yourself in Mixed Media workshop, all day

July 1 - Joye Moon reception for the artist at the gallery in Town Park, 5-7 p.m.

July 1-28 - Joye Moon exhibit at the gallery in Town Park

July 5-8 - Joye Moon workshop, Unleashing the Power of Watercolor, all day

July 8 - Photo club, 5:30 p.m.

July 14 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

July 15-31 - Batik and papier maché workshop

July 27 - PSAC board meeting, 5 p.m.

Aug. 5-31 - Watercolor exhibit with Denny Rose, Ginnie Bartlett and watercolor students

Aug. 11 - Watercolor club, 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Aug. 12 - Photo club, 5:30 p.m.

Aug. 11-13 - Basics II, Denny and Ginnie watercolor workshop

Aug. 16-21 - Cynthia Padilla botanical art workshop

Aug. 21 - Third Saturday workshop, 9 a.m.-3:30 p.m.

Sept., 11-12 -Colorado Arts Consortium, The Business of Art, an Art pArty

Sept. 17-19 - Juried art exhibit for PSAC Members


Music Boosters plan July Rodgers concert

By John Graves

Special to The PREVIEW

Come this July, Pagosa Country will be alive with the sounds of songs by composer Richard Rodgers, along with his lyric-writing partners Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein II.

The Pagosa Springs Music Boosters is producing an original musical revue entitled "The Hills Are Alive ..." featuring the works of this celebrated composer and his wonderful wordsmiths. It will be presented on the evenings of July 8, 9, and 10 at the Pagosa Springs High School auditorium.

Open auditions for singers, dancers, and solo instrumentalists will be held in the high school band room 6-9 p.m. May 14 and 10 a.m.-3 p.m. May 15. Those auditioning should be prepared to present a showcase number once through. They will also be asked to follow a simple dance step demonstration.

Everyone should bring his or her own music, as an accompanist will be provided, (singing to a tape or CD is not acceptable). If possible, the audition song should be one written by Richard Rodgers, many of which are available at the Ruby Sisson Library.

For music or audition information, call John Graves at 731-9863, or Lisa Hartley at the high school, 264-2231, Ext. 329.


Community choir sets spring concert with children's chorale

By Bob Nordmann

Special to The PREVIEW

You won't want to miss "On With the Show!," the Pagosa Springs Community Choir's second annual spring concert.

Performances will be 7 p.m. Saturday, May 8 and 4 p.m. on Mother's Day, Sunday, May 9, at the Pagosa Springs High School auditorium.

"On With the Show!" is a one-hour upbeat program with a wide variety of music, ranging from Broadway to love songs and from gospel to baseball.

Some of the selections include "Over the Rainbow," "Can't Help Lovin' That Man," "Amazing Grace," "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" and, of course, "On With the Show!"

The choir's new vocal jazz group will make its debut, performing "Blue Skies" and "Singing in the Rain."

Choir co-directors Pam Spitler and Larry Elginer will share the conducting duties and pianists Sue Anderson and Rada Neal will provide the keyboard accompaniment.

Also making its debut at these concerts will be the newly formed Pagosa Springs Children's Chorale.

This 27-member group of 7- to 12-year-old singers will kick off the concert with four numbers, including "Concert Etiquette Rap" and "Do-Re-Mi." They will also join the choir in three selections.

The Children's Chorale directors are Sue Anderson and Rada Neal, who, along with rehearsal assistants Kate Kelley and Janna Voorhis, have been working hard since February to organize the group and prepare for this program.

Be sure to bring Mom and the whole family for a great treat for Mother's Day. And speaking of treats, there will be fresh baked goodies of all descriptions for sale in the lobby after each concert.

The choir is pleased to provide free admission for this program as a gift to the community. Donations are gratefully accepted and are tax deductible.

Come and hear the Pagosa Springs Community Choir welcome spring with song.


Springs Singers in Pagosa for weekend shows

By Sue Anderson

Special to The PREVIEW

The Pagosa Springs Chorale Society will bring the 40 voices of the Colorado Springs Children's Chorale "Springs Singers" to Pagosa Springs this weekend.

The group will perform for intermediate and junior high schools today and for the Lutheran School and the residents of Pine Ridge Care Center Friday.

Now in its 27th year, this group of young goodwill ambassadors annually entertains statewide at such events as the Colorado Music Educators Convention and the Kennedy Center's Imagination Celebration, performs with the Colorado Springs Symphony and Chorale and at the First Presbyterian Church Christmas Concert, and has served as artists-in residence at the Aspen Music Festival.

The Chorale members will rehearse with the new Pagosa Springs Children's Chorale and will host a workshop 9 a.m.-2 p.m. Saturday at the Lutheran School.

For a fee of $8, participants will learn performance techniques, vocal production and stage presence and will be taught songs which they will perform with the Colorado Springs Children's Chorale.

The workshop is open to all interested young singers, ages 7 to 14 who might wish to audition for our local chorales. In the fall, a second chorale will be available in Pagosa for young people, ages 11 to 15, in addition to the existing chorale for children ages 6 to 10.

Parents and public are invited to attend the free concert at 2:30 p.m. at the Lutheran School.

For more information, call 264-0244.


Spanish Fiesta celebration has surprises for kids

By Crista Munro

Special to The PREVIEW

Members of the Spanish Fiesta organization will present a benefit grand celebration May 8 in the Vista clubhouse.

Entertainment will start at 4 p.m. with games, drinks, food and lots of excitement for children.

Grupo Espinosa and other dancers will sell cake, biscochitos, jerky and possibly empanaditas. They will also have a fish pond with stuffed animals and dolls as "catches," and the ticketholder with the lucky number will get a valuable grand prize.

The Guadalupana Society will serve posole with chile and tortillas.

Dancing will begin at 8 p.m. and tickets will be $10 per person at the door.

Girls 6-16 are being urged to register for queen and princess competition by calling Natalie Ortega at 264-4604 or Lucy Gonzalez at 264-4791.

Call the same numbers or write Jeff Laydon, PO Box 71, Pagosa Springs, to register your choice for grand marshal.


IML art, choir competition here next week

Pagosa Springs High School will host the Intermountain League art and choir competitions Thursday, May 6.

Events will begin at 9 a.m. with the art competition with all five high schools in the conference represented.

Choirs will work together throughout the day and then present a joint concert at 5 p.m.


In Step dancers ready for May

The In Step Dance club has set its schedule for May.

Class schedule

- Thursday, May 6, Swing on the Move by Dick and Gerry Potticary

- Wednesday, May 12, Swing on the Move.

- Thursday, May 20, Argentine Tango by Les Linton

- Thursday, May 27, Argentine Tango

Classes are held 7-9 p.m. There is lots of open dancing, so bring favorite CDs.

Other dances may be reviewed upon request.

Place: PLPOA Clubhouse, 230 Port Ave.

Dues: Singles $10, couples $15.

Singles without partners are welcome

For information, call Deb Aspen at 731-3338.


Education News

High school FBLA chapter fares well

Twenty-one Pagosa Springs High School Future Business Leaders of America took part in the state FBLA Leadership conference April 17 in Vail and the chapter came home with five awards.

Ty Peterson was sixth place in the "state only" business ethics and etiquette event.

In competitive events, Randi Pierce was sixth in computer applications and Heather Andersen tenth in business math.

The team of Daniel Aupperle, Matt Nobles and Elijah Olachea were successful in their first round of competition in emerging business issues. They competed a second time and were in the top 12 teams.

The chapter received a Peak III Achievement Award completed by Amber Farnham and accepted by Larissa Harwood. Advisor Lisa Hudson was honored for five years service to FBLA.

All students in competitive and/or "state only" events attended motivational workshops, performed voting delegate duties and attended general assemblies.

Keynote speaker was Ed Gerety, author of "Combinations: Opening the Door to Student Leadership." His topic was "The Courage to Soar."

Attending from Pagosa Springs in addition to the award recipients were Sara Baum, Josiah Burggraaf, Kelli Ford, Anna Hershey, Liesl Jackson, Kimberly Judd, Rosie Lee, Emilie Schur, Leslie Shepard, Jessica Stevens, Claire Versaw and Julianna Whipple. The students were accompanied by Hudson and Dorothy Christine.


PSHS Class of 1984 planning 20th reunion

Plans are underway for the Pagosa Springs High School Class of 1984's 20-year reunion. The present agenda includes:

- Friday, July 2: Welcome Back Cookout (a family affair)

- Saturday, July 3: Float in the parade; cocktail party (baby-sitting available); open to anyone who attended PSHS - come by and say hello

- Sunday, July 4: Send-off breakfast.

A block of rooms is being held for any out of town guests, and camping is encouraged at a nearby campground for locals or more adventuresome travelers.

Locations, times, and other details will be announced at a later date.

The presence of all class members (whether or not in the "graduating" class) is requested and encouraged. While many classmates have been located, planners are still looking for contact information on the people listed below. If you have any information regarding any of these people, or if you would like more information, please notify:

Vanessa Gurule (formerly Voorhis) or Denise Alleman (formerly Stretton) at gurule@ouraycolorado.net or at abzdenise@yahoo.com , or call (970) 626-3806 (Ridgway, Colo.) or (214) 351-6736 (Dallas, Texas).

Classmates are also encouraged to sign up for the basic level (free) membership at classmates.com, where notices, RSVPs, and additional information can be found.

Where are they now?

Sheila Burns, Chris Barbara, Petra Bergenthal, Kevin Bosley, Cathy Chase, Brian Cummings, Roger Faddis, Andy Farrell, Michelle Graves, Eric Gray.

David Hardy, Debbie Holder, Joseph Jaramillo, Debbie Lucero, John Madrid, Mary Martinez, Roosevelt Martinez, Tonja McDaniel, Peggy McDonald, Cathy McMahon, Robert Millard.

Anthony Montoya, Isabella Perez, Arabella Ribera, Larry Robinson, Ed Schottlander, Steve Skaff, Rhonda Thomas, April Vasquez, Melanie Williams, Jack Wilshire and Andrea Woodward.

Cruising with Cruse

Last half of April is a good time to be in Ohio

By Katherine Cruse

SUN Columnist

While visiting the chief in Dayton, Ohio, recently, I got this e-mail message from someone in Pagosa.

"Ohio," she said, "I hope I never have to go back there again. Land of the flat-landers - my heart belongs to Colorado."

Nice sentiment, the part about Colorado, but I have to say that the last half of the month of April is not a bad time to be in Ohio. The weather is iffy, true, from warm and sunny to cold and rainy. Buckets of rain. But everything is blooming.

The place was a riot of color on my recent trip. Daffodils, tulips, grape hyacinth, every tree that can bloom, all those fruit trees that I don't recognize, tulip trees, dogwoods, you name it. Right outside the chief's second story window apartment, about to bloom, was appropriately enough, a buckeye tree.

All this color was set against the bright green of lawns. Honest-to-gosh lawns. The grass was growing like crazy and the sound of lawnmowers was in the air.

Another thing in the air was pollen, lots of it. "Here," said the chief, "take this antihistamine."

"I don't like antihistamines," I said. "They make me dopey."

"Not this one," he said. "It's even safe for pilots." And he was right, it didn't have any of those negative effects.

There's a park near the chief's apartment, a small suburban park. Filled with bulbs, blooms and memorial trees.

People walk dogs and push strollers along the park paths. The town has posted signs asking the dog people to clean up after their pets. Even better, the town supplies plastic bags for the purpose.

The path winds around a pond. Children cast fishing lines into the water, but I never saw anyone pull out a fish. Mallards that shivered on the ice all winter are now enjoying spring. Back and forth across the road they waddle, pairing up, seeking nesting places.

The pond is also home to that new urban blight, the Canada goose. A couple of geese showed off their family of six goslings, and people obligingly cooed and took pictures. I guess our brains are wired to respond positively to all babies, even goslings.

Although it had snowed several days earlier, the weekend of my arrival was bright and sunny and beautiful. On Sunday we went for a canoe paddle on the Little Miami River.

Five of us rented two canoes for a two-hour trip. We picked out paddles.

"They should come to just under your chin," said the canoe guy. We figured anything within six inches of that measurement was "good enough."

We tried on our life jackets and watched a short video on water safety. The canoe guy described a couple of places on the river where the water divided and we had better take the right-hand stream. He said there was a downed tree blocking the channel at the first one. "The channel's clear at the second oxbow," he went on, "But you'll end up several miles downstream from here. I don't think you'll want to walk back." We nodded.

He pointed out the log just above his place that would serve as a good marker that we were almost at the end of the run. "And if you bring back any tires, I'll pay you $1 for each one," he said. Then we got in the van and were driven to the put-in spot upriver.

This was not quite the same as rafting the San Juan through Pagosa.

Certainly not the same as the day run on the Chama. And most definitely not same as the white water on the Colorado.

The Little Miami was about two feet deep, except where it was about six inches deep. We barely needed those life jackets, or so we thought. This was a leisurely float. A quiet trip in the gentle spring sunshine. But still, it had some surprises in store for us.

The first was the crack of a gun sounding across the field above us. Several gunshots, in fact. I sure hoped that those hunters were shooting away from the river rather than toward it. I sure hoped no stray bullets would come to earth, or water, in the vicinity of two canoes.

The water in the Little Miami was clear. Sometimes we could see the bottom, especially where it was sandy. We spotted two tires, half buried in silt. We left them there. No sense in spoiling someone else's chance to make a buck.

Then, our friends got surprised by a current that bounced off a fallen tree trunk and pushed their canoe between two snags on the far side of the creek.

They did what you're not supposed to do; they leaned back, away from the snags. Upstream. The gentle current pushed into the canoe, filling it with water. It tipped and plunged them into the river. They weren't really in any danger. But they were wet.

The chief and I, being downstream, retrieved one paddle and two water bottles. Our friends got to practice lifting the canoe upside down to drain out the water. They said that it wasn't nearly as easy as the video made it seem.

Their life jackets came in handy as insulation, while our friends gradually dried out. By the time we finished the trip, their clothes were nearly dry.

We finished our river run in slightly over an hour. Next time, we agreed, we'd sign up for the four-hour trip.


Local Chatter

If it's time for the Derby, it's time for a hat

By Kate Terry

SUN Columnist

A friend sent me the Style page of the April 11 Courier Journal. The subject was "hats" and the reason for the feature was to help women get ready for the upcoming Kentucky Derby run the first Saturday in May. (This Saturday!)

Pageantry is one of the exciting things about the Derby and women wearing hats is a colorful part.

There are two schools of thought about wearing a hat to the Derby, and a fashion topic that tends to divide Louisville into two camps - those who do and those who don't. But if you want to be with it, you wear a hat.

Selecting a hat is a part of the Derby thing, a time to do some real socializing. There are the posh shops where prices range from $250 to $700 such as Von Maur's which features "Gabriel Omar for Frank Oliver" a favorite derby hat designer.

And there is Lazarus - Macy's Oxmoor Center that at the time of the article had close to 800 hats ranging in price from $35 to $500.

And then there is Ben Franklin's Craft Store which stocks unadorned hats in the $18-$25 range and offers their services in decorating "your own hat" with their array of flowers, ribbons and feathers.

And there are floral shops with ribbons and other trimming to renew your old hat. It's a big thing.

Omar says, "Hats don't necessarily change so much from season to season. It's not like hemlines. They have fairly classic shapes that you see just about every year. The most important thing is what looks good on a woman."

The article goes on to tell what is in.

Pastels are very big. But black hats do well with a pink suit, for instance.

Long feathers are good and so are large embellishments. No cutsy bows or buttons.

And vintage hat styles are good as small-but-tall '20s-inspired buckets.

And there is always the Derby classic, a medium-sized hat with a flat crown.

For those who aren't sure about a style - go by these rules.

The label goes in the back.

The wider the hat, the more likely it will look better worn at a slight angle. If you have a favorite side, tip the hat on the other side.

The hat should be pulled low, onto your forehead, never ever worn on the back of the head. And if you have bangs, stick them under the hat.

Hats are important at the Kentucky Derby but if you don't want to wear one, there's always the horses. And, by the way, this year there aren't any favorites, but unless the situation has changed, the betting at the Derby is an economic indicator for the country.

Fun on the run

The following were answers provided by sixth-graders during a history test. Watch the spelling!

Ancient Egypt was inhabited by mummies and they all wrote in hydraulics. They lived in the Sarah Desert. The climate of the Sarah is such that all the inhabitants have to live elsewhere.

Moses led the Hebrew slaves to the Red Sea where they made unleavened bread, which is bread made without any ingredients. Moses went up on Mount Cyanide to get the ten commandments. He died before he ever reached Canada.

Solomon had 300 wives and 700 porcupines.

The Greeks were a highly sculptured people, and without them we wouldn't have history. The Greeks also had myths. A myth is a female moth.


Extension Viewpoints

Tips on selecting home water treatment

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Today, April 29 - 4-H Oil Painting, Minor Residence, 4:30 p.m.; 4-H Rabbit Meat Pen Clinic, Extension office, 5:30 p.m.

Friday, April 30 - Cloverbuds, Community Center, 1:30 p.m.; 4-H Feed and Nutrition Workshop, junior high library, 6 p.m.

Saturday, May 1 - 4-H Cooking Unit 1, Bomkamp residence, 9 a.m.

Monday, May 3 - 4-H Dog Obedience, Extension office, 4 p.m.; 4-H Sports Fishing, Extension office, 4 p.m.; 4-H Cake Decorating, Unit 1, Bennett residence, 4 p.m.

Tuesday, April 4 - 4-H Vet Science, San Juan Veterinary Clinic, 5:30 p.m.; 4-H Knitting, Extension office, 5:30 p.m.

Wednesday, May 5 - Mountain High Gardener's meeting, Extension office, 10 a.m.

Once again, it's time to celebrate National Drinking Water Week.

For over 30 years, communities, schools and water utilities from around the country conduct local activities in honor of this national event, usually held the first full week in May. Here's an article which may assist homeowners interested in water quality and hopefully we can answer some of the following questions.

Have you been thinking about installing a water treatment device in your home? Are you confused regarding whether you should install a carbon filter or a reverse osmosis system? Do you need a water softener or an ultraviolet system?

Whether you choose to work with a water treatment professional or do the job on your own, having an understanding of the various types of home water treatment technologies is critical to making a good decision. You will be making a substantial investment in equipment, and you want to make sure that investment is the one that is most appropriate to your water treatment situation.

Step 1: Analyze your water.

In order to determine what type of water treatment technology would best suit your situation, it is important that you first analyze the quality of your incoming water supply, so that you ensure the water treatment equipment you eventually purchase will meet you specific water quality needs.

For individuals who receive their water from a public water supply, the community's Annual Water Quality Report will provide basic information on the quality of the drinking water supply in your community. This report will list the detected contaminants, the potential source of those contaminants, and the levels at which those contaminants were present in the water supply. Additional contaminants that may be present in your home's water supply would include lead and copper, which generally leach from your household plumbing.

For well water sources, private water testing may be needed to determine if any contaminants or other conditions exist that would require water treatment. Local public health departments frequently offer basic water testing services, while private drinking water laboratories can analyze your well water for additional contaminants that are of special concern to residents of your region of the country.

Common analyses performed on well water supplies include tests for bacteria (total coliform), nitrates, and hardness. In addition, well water can also be checked for herbicides and pesticides if you live in an agricultural area. Individuals may also choose to have tests performed for radon or arsenic, especially if these contaminants are a common problem in ground water in their region of the country. The Archuleta County Extension office provides these services for a fee and we are located at the fairgrounds.

Step 2: Understand water treatment technologies.

The following is a basic description of several of the most common water treatment options available to homeowners.


Filters can be configured in many ways, and they have varying types of mechanical and chemical reduction capabilities. Although some are designed to filter water for the whole house, a majority of the systems on the market today are designed to treat water coming from a single faucet.

Some filters must be filled manually, such as a pitcher, while others, such as faucet filters and under-sink systems, are actually attached directly to the plumbing. Depending on the design and filter media used in the unit, filters are able to reduce many types of contaminants, including both aesthetic and health effects contaminants such as chlorine, chlorination by-products, lead, and parasites.


Excessive levels of iron and manganese can be treated through a process known as oxidation, which is then followed by filtration.

An oxidizing agent such as chlorine or potassium permanganate is used to oxidize the iron or manganese to an insoluble form, which can then be filtered through a special media bed. The filter media bed must be backwashed and the oxidizing agent must be replenished regularly. These systems are generally large and designed to treat water for the whole house; they can also be used to treat hydrogen sulfide.

Water softeners

Water softeners use a cation exchange resin to reduce the level of hardness in water. The resin exchanges sodium or potassium ions for the hardness ions (calcium and magnesium) as the water passes over the resin. The resin must be regenerated or "recharged" by passing a concentrated brine of sodium chloride or potassium chloride through the system. Water softeners are usually installed to treat water for the whole house, although a bypass valve is used to allow water to flow to the house when the system is regenerating.

Reverse osmosis

Reverse osmosis systems work by using pressure to force water through a semipermeable membrane. These systems are normally used to produce water that contains less metals and minerals than the water that entered the system. The types of metals and minerals reduced by reverse osmosis systems include sodium and chloride and heavy metals, such as copper, chromium, and lead. In addition, some of these systems can also reduce contaminants such as arsenic V, fluoride, and nitrates.

A significant amount of wastewater can be produced by reverse osmosis systems. Because these systems produce water very slowly, a pressurized storage tank is usually installed so that water is available to meet the demand for drinking and cooking. A special faucet installed at the kitchen sink to obtain water from the storage tank.

Distillation systems

Distillation systems boil water, which vaporizes and is condensed back into water in a separate chamber. During the distillation process, dissolved metals and minerals, such as arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, and others, are left behind.

There can be significant energy costs associated with using a distillation system. For this reason, distillation systems are usually designed to produce enough water for drinking and cooking only.

Ultraviolet treatment

Ultraviolet treatment systems use ultraviolet (UV) light to kill microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses, although some systems on the market are designed for treatment of heterotrophic bacteria only.

As the efficiency of the UV system is affected by the clarity of the incoming water supply, it is important that turbid or dirty water first be treated by filtration. UV systems have no chemical or mechanical reduction properties.

Step 3: Choosing the right product.

As you can see, the different technologies shown above vary in their ability to handle specific types of contaminants. Some are able to treat whole house water supplies, while others are more useful for single tap applications. Sometimes it may be necessary to combine technologies in order to treat all of the contaminants that are present in your incoming water supply.

For example, a private well water user who has bacteria and hard water may choose to install both a UV system and a water softener. Individuals who have problems with both arsenic V and chlorination by-products could treat their water with a combination of reverse osmosis and carbon filtration.

When choosing a specific make and model of a product or system, it is important to know that it is made from materials that are safe for water contact, that it is structurally sound, and that it will perform as claimed by the manufacturer.

Many manufacturers will have their products certified by an independent organization, such as NSF International, which offers assurance to consumers that the product meets the requirements of national residential water filter standards.


Food for Thought

Why have a smidge of fun when you can have a wad?

By Karl Isberg

SUN Columnist

Try as I might, I can't do it.

I'm not wired that way; I'm not in that groove.

Bottom line: I'm no expert when it comes to the subjects of foods and cooking.

Let others declare themselves experts. Let them flash diplomas and their work histories, sport toques if it makes them feel better to do so. More power to them. Perhaps they'll someday make me a dish I enjoy Š a bit, a bite.

I choose to stroll another avenue. I love food and I love to cook. Look at me, it's obvious: I didn't construct this Von Hindenberg profile with halfhearted effort.

Instead of expertise, I tout the unalloyed joy of cooking and eating. I trumpet a truth: That a well-realized life must pay unembarrassed homage to the vital role played by food, and good food at that; it must include a recognition of the soul and skill required of cook and lover of food alike. The fully-rounded (pardon the pun) person learns about and appreciates history, philosophy, art, music, science Š and food.

To not eat well, to not seek out the best of foods, to not experiment, to not cook or appreciate those who cook better than you, is to be less than you can. We Americans are blessed to live in an environment uniquely suited to a maximum food experience. It will not be here forever; we'd best take thoughtful advantage of it.

The enjoyment of food and preparing food is a key element at the core of rich experience.

No need to be an expert to drill to that core, eh?

I was reminded of this, and my shortcomings, when I received an e-mail last week. It was from one of a group working to assemble a cookbook, to be sold as part of a fund-raising project.

The sender requested I submit a recipe. She noted it was appropriate that the newspaper's food writer make a submission. My head swelled (which seems impossible, considering how huge it is as a matter of course) but as I read further the brakes locked and the ego train came to a squealing, smoking halt.

The request was tempered with the injunction that my recipe contain exact amounts of ingredients, exact times and temperatures.


The notion hit me like a fist to the jaw. Exact amounts? Exact times? What on earth are they thinking?

I can't do it.

I can't think in terms of fractions of teaspoons, in ounces, pounds, drops, drams. It hurts my brain. I don't cook that way; I don't live that way.

I took several Lamaze cleansing breaths and calmed down. I told myself this is a cookbook, therefore it is primarily for those who do not actually cook.

Let me qualify the statement: Exact measurements, temperatures and times, if followed in slavish fashion, are a blueprint for those who do not actually cook. They manufacture, they reproduce.

Let me make yet another qualification: I exclude baking, which requires exact amounts, times, temperatures and the like.

Baking is, at root, science.

Cooking can be art.

As such, for the artful cook, a cookbook is akin to paint-by-numbers. There are no kitchen Rembrandts whose noses remain long in a cookbook, certainly no Soutines, no Rothkos.

That's not to say cookbooks are of no use. Far from it. A recipe, spelled out in agonizing detail, has value - to provide guidance to the novice, to stimulate the imagination of the veteran. Nothing beyond that, though, unless the cook must adhere to a vicious professional regimen, working under the heel of an unimaginative fascist in the hothouse of a restaurant kitchen. Few chefs are given carte blanche to do whatever they want, so few who labor under typical commercial circumstances would honestly label what they do "artful cooking"- not in the sense I propose.

I submit that cooking, when the activity is at its ripest, is attentive to basic rules, yes, but more importantly it allows for play, welcomes invention at every turn, yearns for the sweet caress of whimsy. With mastery of several techniques and a knowledge of basic flavor and texture combinations, with a bit of practice, the art starts.

Without exact measurements. Without precise timing (in most cases), without the need to duplicate a dish time after time. With a sense of freedom, discovery and delight.

I also believe that after many years in the kitchen, consciously or not, each cook favors certain techniques and develops a "style," just as artists develop styles. Nothing wrong in that, as long as the door remains open to new guests.

I know what I favor in the way of techniques.

Baking, or the use of dry heat in an oven. I'm not talking about baking as it refers to breads, cakes, etc. I shy away from that like I'd shy away from an open canister of weapons-grade plutonium. Once in a while I'll hammer out a tart, but so seldom it's not worth mentioning since supermarkets rarely provide fruit that merits the effort.

Braising: sautéing meats then cooking them with aromatics in stock, wine or other liquids in a covered vessel in an oven or on the stovetop. I feel right at home here; it is, at present, my favorite.

Sautéing. Bring it on, though the greasy mist that falls on everything in the house is a nuisance once the hair shed by my yellow Lab adheres to it. It's like my furniture is wearing a sweater. I try to pass off the oily sheen as a "patina," but Kathy's not buying it.

Sweating. This refers not to me but to a method of softening ingredients in fat over relatively low heat, so they give up their essences but do not brown.

Boiling. Steaming. Poaching. Grilling and roasting.

I think the artful cook needs to make and use stocks and sauces, needs to know about thickeners. I've done the sauce trip in spades, making every one of the classic sauces, and I'll champion the beauty of a gelatinous demi-glace and the glory of butter - regardless of warnings from dour experts and the clear and present danger of cholesterol - until the day I drop to the kitchen floor clutching my chest, crying like a baby.

To allow for art, we top things off with a thorough knowledge of the taste of basic herbs and spices (this is easy - put them in your mouth) and an acquaintance with their intersections as well as those of sour and sweet, sweet and savory, etc. If we do so, the race is on.

With the right selection of equipment (no need for an $8,000 set of professional cookware), utensils (good knives are a must), and a commitment to the notion of mise en place - having implements in place and all ingredients ready prior to the act of cooking them - the canvas is ready for a masterpiece.

OK, maybe a cookbook or two, or reference to a recipe won't hurt. You've got to start somewhere.

But, it is wise to remember recipes are like roadmaps, and there are always several routes to a destination. Cookbooks used properly provide suggestions, if you will, but I believe you should not make something the same way twice, so suggestions must never be part of a binding agreement.

In other words, forget the exact measurements. Climb on the high board and jump into the pool.

Here's the secret.


Why don't you need a list of precisely measured ingredients? You taste what you make, as you make it - like a painter takes hints from what is already on the surface of the canvas, like a musician plays and modifies a composition until it is complete. You generally season what you cook at several junctures, starting with a light hand in most cases (you can't take things back but you can always add more), adding flavor at the inception, during the process and near its end. You can introduce flavors to the base, in the body and as a grace note just before food hits the plate.

You gotta taste the stuff! Forget a half-teaspoon, an ounce, a pound; use your taste buds and your brain.

That's why, when I write about cooking, I use terms like "wad," "mess of Š," "smidge," "bit," "load," "some," "chunk," "dab," "teensy." These quantities relate to how something tastes. The cook's taste, your very own taste, determines how much of an ingredient is involved in a "smidge."

It's obvious a wad, mess or chunk, are more than a smidge or a teensy bit. "Some" is purposely ambiguous. All depend on the cook tasting what he or she makes as they make it. Taste and textures are colors on the palette.

"But, Karl, that's pretty risky isn't it?"

Yeah. That's why practice is critical. You work your way up to a masterpiece by doing sketches, studies. You and your family are the lab rats. With Cousin Sue's recipe for tuna noodle casserole, made exactly as Sue instructs, with overcooked noodles, just the right amount of canned mushroom soup, the exact weight of crushed potato chips scattered atop the crud poured into the 9-by-13-by-2 Pyrex dish, work is minimized, your attention, care and anxiety cut to the minimum. But, neither you nor Sue has really cooked anything. You've merely produced a pan of soon-to-be waste that, to spare an insult to the idea of good food and avoid squandering the energy needed to digest a helping of the casserole, can be taken directly to the sewage treatment plant.

Cooking should be so much more - a meditation guided by the senses, alchemy of the grandest kind, a marvelous transformation of base elements into gold. It is self-expression, not a pale imitation of the regimented expression of others. It is the best possible ingredients modified through an intensely focused, flexible process, made into substance that produces joy and comfort.

So, compilers of any and all cookbooks, reconsider.

Take all the recipes submitted to your publications and alter the measurements.

I think you'll have a wad of fun by veering off the path, don't you?

Who knows, you might inspire a Picasso.


Pagosa Lakes News

Thoughtless feast puts teeth in lesson

By Ming Steen

SUN Columnist

My 17-year-old daughter had misbehaving molars and they were a pain in the jaw, and in the neighboring teeth.

Her uncle Gary (our family dentist) has scant praise for wisdom teeth, or third molars, as those in the industry prefer to call them. Besides, there was some concern that those impaired wisdoms, when they did finally erupt, may compromise orthodontic results that were obtained at a hefty price tag.

What's more, as a response to irritation, cysts may develop in the soft tissue surrounding impacted wisdom teeth. The fear factor rises. Untended, they can lead to bone destruction, jaw expansion and damage to nearby teeth.

Being a person of supreme practicality, I saw no reason to have those troublesome suckers left alone to potentially cause a world of headaches. I called Uncle Gary at his office in Phoenix and made arrangements for the surgery to be performed over spring break. What impeccable timing - she wouldn't have to miss any school - we would even take her to Las Vegas at the end of it all for a wee bit of entertainment.

Who would have guessed that extraction of two snarly and odd-shaped pieces of ivory from the mouth would cause such trauma? The surgery was the easiest part. What followed - 24 hours of vomiting as the body worked to purge itself of sedatives and pain killers, four days with a moon-face and a week of pureed food - was a lot harder. And I thought oral wounds healed quickly.

To make it up to our daughter, Tom and I took her to a fabulous show in Las Vegas (it wasn't Chippendales). And since no trip to Las Vegas is considered complete without a buffet dinner, we tried one of those as well. Tom and I ate abundantly while our daughter stared morosely into a bowl of beef consommé.

Unsympathetic and thoughtless? Absolutely. Our daughter was all the better for not having made those rounds of the buffet spread. Besides, she saw the results of overindulgence as we groaned with discomfort the rest of the evening. A teachable moment.

We are a nation of food-lovers and thanks to good dental care, most of us have a full complement of built-in chompers with which to enjoy food. I've devised some simple ways to keep myself from tipping the scale too much. Allow me to share.

Suffering from the munchies? Try biting into a wedge of lemon. It does not have any calories to speak of, and the sour taste will curb your appetite. Don't have a lemon around the house? Try brushing your teeth. This latter technique works to prevent late night hunger pangs. Who wants to have to brush their teeth twice in a night?

Try posting a list of small projects in your head, or if your memory is short and erratic, on the refrigerator. Then, whenever you're bored and tempted to snack, tackle an item from your list. It will help you ride out crave attacks.

I do occasionally give in to cravings and when it happens, I enjoy it guiltlessly and with utmost satisfaction. The next day has to start then with a morning workout because somewhere along the line I've read that after fasting overnight, two-thirds of the calories burned come from stored fat, which contains more calories than carbohydrates - the main energy source in afternoon workouts.

The idea is to burn as many calories as you consume so extra calories are not left to turn into blubber. To lose weight, however, you need to eat less than you burn. A recent study I read about even claims that a reduced caloric diet may prolong a person's life-span. Eat less and live longer.


Brielle and Scott Rubenstein are proud to announce the birth of their second son, Gryffin Kade. He was born at Mercy Medical Center in Durango on Feb. 26, 2004. He weighed 7 pounds, 10.8 ounces, and was 19 1/2 inches long. Gryffin is welcomed home by his big brother Holden Drake, maternal grandparents Pat and David Hauschild of Arboles, aunt and uncle Brooke and Steve Quintana of Farmington, N.M., paternal grandmother Kathleen Rubenstein of Port Orange, Fla., and many other family members.


Zona Maglothin

Zona Maglothin passed away on Friday, April 23, 2004, in Pagosa Springs at the age of 75.

Zona was born Oct. 4, 1928, and grew up and graduated from high school in Trumann, Ark. In 1945 she married her high school sweetheart, James Austin Maglothin. They resided in Wichita Falls, Texas, raising their family there until James' death in 1968.

Zona then moved back to Arkansas to be with her mother and later moved to Longmont, Colo., to be near her son. She and her two daughters moved to Pagosa Springs in 1977.

Zona's main goal in life was to raise her daughters properly. She said the most important thing to her was "to be there for my two girls."

In her younger years, Zona was a dance instructor with Arthur Murray's dance studio. She was also active in politics and enjoyed reading, history, music, wildlife, the mountains and fishing. She loved flowers and was an avid gardener.

She was preceded in death by her father, Everett William Armstrong and her mother, Cathryn Armstrong, both in Trumann; and her husband of 22 years, James Austin Maglothin.

Survivors are her two daughters, Jeanie Quintana and Cathy Villareal and son-in-law Arthur Villareal, all of Pagosa Springs; son James Austin Maglothin Jr. and daughter-in-law Patricia of Kerrville, Texas; grandchildren Rose and Michael Quintana of Pagosa Springs, Ronnie Maglothin of Vienna, Austria; Martha Maglothin of Port St. Joe, Fla., Cathy Fisher of Abilene, Texas and James Maglothin of Houston, Texas and one great-grandchild, Michael Fisher.

In lieu of memorial services you may make arrangements for flowers to be left with the cremated remains on Sunday, May 9, Mother's Day, by contacting Kathy Villareal at 731-4867.

Maureen Mojecki

Maureen (Corner) Mojecki, 74, died April 14, 2004, in her home in Bluewater Bay, Fla.

Maureen was born March 1, 1930, in Middlesbrough, Yorkshire, England. She was the daughter of George and Maude (Barnes) Corner. She had been a 17-year resident of Bluewater Bay.

Maureen was a graduate of the Birmingham School of Art, majoring in Theatre and Costume, Fashion Drawing and Design. During her painting career, she studied under Jack Clifton in Virginia. Her paintings have been shown in galleries in Virginia, Colorado and Florida and are in private collections in Atlanta, Dallas, Chicago, New York City and Europe.

While accompanying her husband during his army service, Maureen devoted many volunteer hours to the Red Cross and to the Fort Monroe Casemate Museum. Maureen also organized and catalogued Pioneer Museum in Pagosa Springs.

She loved to travel and had been to six of the world's continents and to over 50 countries. Her favorite mode of travel was cruising the high seas.

Maureen is survived by Jack, her husband of 49 years; a daughter, Beryl Elizabeth in Tampa; a sister, Beryl; two nieces, Susan and Sheena, and two grand nephews, Samuel and Thomas in England.

Funeral arrangements were by McLaughlin Twin City Funeral Home. In keeping with Maureen's wishes, there was no viewing or services. In her memory it is suggested donations be made to the Panhandle Animal Welfare (PAWS) Shelter.

Bessie Reynolds

Bessie (Betty) Lucinda Sneed Reynolds, 75, a longtime area resident went home Sunday, April 25, 2004, in Arboles, Colo.

Born Oct. 20, 1929, in Merkel, Texas, she was an ordained minister of the Assembly of God Church, a minister of music, and was known as a warrior who lived for the Lord.

She was preceded in death by her parents, brothers Frank and Richard Sneed; sisters Ruth and Ruby Sneed and her granddaughter, Georgia Ann Jones.

Bessie is survived by her husband of 57 years, Tom Reynolds Jr.; her sons, Johnny Reynolds and his wife, Doris of Mayer, Ariz., and Dale Reynolds and his wife, Carla of Humboldt, Tenn.; her daughters, Connie Lynn Reynolds of Arboles, Bonnie Evans and her husband Sam of Arboles, Sharon Mackey and her husband Jack of Middle Mesa, N.M., and Jewel Meadows and her husband, Randy, of Farmington, N.M. Together, they shared 13 grandchildren and 16 great-grandchildren.

Services will be held 10 a.m. Friday, April 30, 2004 at the Arboles Baptist Church with burial to follow in Allison-Tiffany Cemetery.

Contributions may be made to Betty Reynolds Memorial fund, c/o Patty Mickey at Wells Fargo Banks in Ignacio.

Business News
Biz Beat

DeClark Granite and Fabrication

Kathy DeClark and her husband, Dale, own DeClark Granite and Fabrication, offering solid slab granite installation and sales for the kitchen, the bathroom and fireplaces.

DeClark has granite, travertine and marble for new construction and remodeling.

Hours are 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Mon.-Fri. and 10-3 on Saturday.

For more information call 731 9920.

Preview Profile

Scott Pierce

Building and land use administrator

Town of Pagosa Springs

Where were you born?

"Albuquerque, New Mexico."

Where did you go to school?

"I graduated from Santa Fe High School and the University of New Mexico."

When did you arrive in Pagosa Springs?

"Three weeks ago."

What did you do before you arrived here?

"I was a building inspector for Routt County, in Steamboat Springs.

What are your job responsibilities?

"Building safety and land use."

What are the most enjoyable and least enjoyable aspects of your job?

"I get to meet and work with a lot of people."

What is your family background?

"My wife Jennifer and I have two kids; Chance, 6, and Alexis, 3."

What do you like best about the community?

"I like the small town atmosphere."

What are your other interests?

"I enjoy fishing, camping, cycling and I am hoping to get involved with search and rescue which is something I have done in the past."

Cards of Thanks

Christian family

Words can't express how much we appreciate the support we received from our loving family, friends and community during this sorrowful time in our lives.

We named our precious infant "Faith" because we felt faith is what it took to bring her into this world but we are realizing now we named her that because that is what it would take to make it through this painful time.

We will never forget the acts of kindness and love you showered us with during this tragic time.

Brent and JaNae Christians

Key Club

The Key Club would like to thank Erin Sims, the Kiwanis Club, the people who provided the barbecue dinners for everyone that attended the recent induction ceremony, and Sara Baum's grandparents for coming and taking the pictures.


I would like to thank everyone for their prayers, love and support during my open heart surgery. I was flown by air ambulance to the hospital in Albuquerque, N.M. on April 2 and had my surgery April 12. I finally arrived back in Pagosa Springs Sunday, April 25.

Now, the real hard part, learning to adjust to the changes I must make in my life and routine during this period of healing. Again thanks to everyone for caring so much for me.

Belinda LaPierre

Maglothin family

We would like to express our heartfelt thanks to all the staff and nurses at Pine Ridge Extended Care Center.

The care our mother received in her final days was a comfort to us all. It was truly remarkable how caring, compassionate and understanding everyone was while at the same time showing the utmost professionalism.

Thank you to Sue Doyle and Marsha Hudson-Gilbert. Your help at a critical time was greatly appreciated. Thanks also to Barbara Candelaria. You are a blessing and a true friend.

Thank you to all our friends and relatives for caring and support during our time of sorrow.

Jeanie Quintana, Cathy Villareal and J.A. Maglothin

Spring Fest

Thanks so much to the following for your contributions to the Spring Fest:

The Archuleta County Sheriff's Department, Seeds of Learning, Our Savior Lutheran School, Discovery Junction, Discovery Summer Camp, Pagosa Gymnastics, San Juan Dance Academy, Head Start, ACT Council, School Within a School, Victim's Assistance, Pine River Rental, WalMart, City Market, WAC, Pepsi, Frito Lay, G & I Sanitation, Son Light Christian Camp, Discovery Toys, Pagosa Kid, Methodist Thrift Store, and Community United Methodist Church.

And thanks to the following folks: Neal Dennis, Heidi Martinez, Alex and Melissa Mossman, Richard and Charlene Kirby, Bob and Patty Tillerson, Susan Spencer, Harry and Cherryl Press, Heshay Fredlund and Amy Hill.

Kathryn Saley

Public Relations Coordinator

Upper San Juan Health Service District


Sports Page

Pirates ride Diller hat trick to 4-0 victory over Bayfield

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Making an early statement about who's in charge was the task assigned Melissa Diller Tuesday.

The senior Pagosa Springs soccer captain answered rapidly.

With Bayfield's Wolverines in town smarting from a manhandling by the Pirates April 23 when they were able to field only nine players, one might have expected a more defensive start.

But Diller stole a Bayfield crossing lead at the center line just over two minutes into the game, drove the middle and scored unassisted at 2:18 to give Pagosa a lead it would not relinquish.

Bayfield's Suzanne Bemelen made a bid to equal the score at 6:11, but her drive was over the net to the left.

Three minutes and 13 seconds later, Pagosa's Kyrie Beye ripped a drive from 30 that was hauled down by Wolverine keeper Fiauna Hunt.

Bayfield was unable to clear the zone and the increasingly active attack tandem of Diller and freshman Laurel Reinhardt took advantage.

The youngster saw her senior leader break from the left center, chipped a lead over the top and Diller took it in stride, faking left and going right with the shot for a 2-0 lead at 10:41.

That margin was short-lived.

And again it was Reinhardt in the middle of the action. She came out of a scrum just inside the offensive zone with a two-step break on the nearest defender and had Hunt at her mercy for an unassisted goal at 12:16 and the last Pirate score for some time.

The Pirates had more scoring chances in the half, but were snakebit.

Caitlyn Jewell was the first to be disappointed, with her drive from 20 yards just over the top of the goal. Then Brittany Corcoran's looper over the defense on a penalty shot hit the crossbar. And, at 32:32, Caitlin Forrest's bid for a goal was hauled down by Hunt on her best play of the game.

The final shot of the half came from Bayfield's Danielle Bemelen at 35:41, a free kick from the 20 that sailed wide left.

The 3-0 lead carried deep into the second half as Pagosa had chance after chance to score and Bayfield struggled for an offensive answer.

Jennifer Hilsabeck was the first to miss, driving a shot wide left at 41:06. Then it was Beye wide right from the 30 and Jenna Finney just outside the left post on breakaway.

At 46:19, Hilsabeck had a steal and a breakaway effort but was again wide left. Less than two minutes later Finney was stopped by Hunt , then Jewell was just wide left at 10:53.

At 53:14 freshman Mariah Howell was stopped by Hunt from eight yards out.

Bayfield got a shot on goal, finally, at 56:19 when Brianna Roukema's shot from the right wing sailed just over the net.

Hunt stopped Jewell's blast at 57:24 and another Howell shot less than two minutes later.

At the 67 minute mark, Howell, Hilsabeck and Diller were stopped on consecutive kicks in front of the net, two blocked by defenders and Diller's hauled in by Hunt.

The story of missed opportunities continued. Reinhardt was wide left, Diller stopped by Hunt on a fine lead from Amy Tautges, and Howell blanked on a superb stop by Hunt.

The final score came at 77:08, with Diller getting the hat trick.

She had a lot of help on this one. It started with a Jewell somersault throw-in to a reverse drop from Reinhardt with Diller getting the score right in front of the net.

Among the many keys to the Pirate success in this game were the midfield play of Roxanne Lattin, Brittany Corcoran, Kailey Smith, the Garman sisters and the back line defense of Emmy Smith.

Forrest, Lattin and Hilsabeck drew coaches' praise for constantly being in the right place on the field at the right time in the ongoing positioning battle.

After the game coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason told the team their 5-1-1 record in league play is laudable, but warned the real challenge comes with three games in three days starting today.

The Pirates travel to Ridgway for a 4 p.m. game today, go to Cortez Friday for a 4 p.m. neutral field game against Telluride, and close the league season with a 1 p.m. contest Saturday in Center.

Kurt-Mason said, "We didn't need any more scores today, so we concentrated on working the lanes, seeking the open player and trying to set up offensive sets."

The upcoming games, he said, "will be dictated by harder passing, a faster pace, keeping our shape and keeping the tempo upbeat."

Conditioning will be a key. By end of game Saturday, the Pirates will have played nine games in 14 days.

With liberal substitutions, Kurt-Mason said, "our girls should be able to be right there (at the ball) right away."

Pirate keeper Sierra Fleenor was called on to make only two saves in the Bayfield contest. Hunt had credit for 10 saves for Bayfield.


Pirates catch Wolverines shorthanded in 7-0 win

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

For 10 minutes Friday no one would have known Pagosa's soccer team had a two-woman advantage.

Bayfield's Wolverines, with only nine players on the field, held the Pirates to a standoff early.

Coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason, who had chosen to play shorthanded in a similar situation against Ignacio earlier in the week, opted to keep 11 players on the field Friday.

It wasn't a matter of wanting to stomp Bayfield. It was a learning experience.

Kurt-Mason wanted his charges to see how lanes open, how spreading the field gives you more options.

Both Pagosa and the officials had the game on their schedules for 4 p.m. Bayfield, however, was under the impression it wouldn't start until 5 p.m. and only a few players were on hand at 4 p.m.

By agreement between coaches and officials the game was started at 4:30.

The first shot on goal came, finally, at 9:43 when Laurel Reinhardt's drive off a drop from Melissa Diller was high to the left. Then, at 14:44, Kyrie Beye's blast from 30 yards out sailed just outside the right post.

Pagosa's offense was working hard but not penetrating the game Bayfield defense. But the Pirate defense was keeping the shorthanded Wolverines out of their zone, too.

At 15:41 the Diller-Reinhardt tandem was again on the attack, this time Reinhardt leading Diller who scored from 15 yards and the deadlock was broken.

Then it was Brittany Corcoran's turn, with a shot off a steal at the 20 high to the left.

Caitlyn Jewell took a rare shot on goal at 19:48, the shot sailing wide right. But her effect on the outcome of the game was yet to come.

Diller was wide left again at 26:48 and Reinhardt hit the crossbar from 18 yards at 28:26. Corcoran was stopped by Bayfield's Fiauna Hunt at 35:10 and Diller, on a crossing lead from Jennifer Hilsabeck was stopped by Hunt at 36:29.

That was the story of the first half and Kurt-Mason was dissatisfied with the performance.

He told his team he was going to go 10-on-9 to start the second half, and then 9-on-9 and on down from there until they began to play with desire.

They came out like a new squad after the lecture, their one-word cry in a huddle, "Intensity!"

Attack was the motto, teamwork the method. At 43:07 Diller hit the right post. The ball rebounded to the middle where Corcoran recovered and fired, hitting the left post.

The Pirates got a break on penalty call against Bayfield, leading to a free kick for Diller from the 18. She drilled it low left and the lead was up to 2-0 at 44:51.

At 46:06 it grew to 3-0 when Reinhardt took a reverse drop from Amy Tautges who had broken from the right wing with a cross from Diller and led the freshman perfectly.

Corcoran, on a breakaway with a looping lead from Brett Garman, again was frustrated, this time by Casey Stephenson in goal for Bayfield in the second half.

Then came the play of the game from a fan's standpoint.

At 52:14 Pagosa got possession from 22 yards.

Jewell, who seemingly has mastered overnight the somersault throw-in, placed one perfectly to Reinhardt whose reverse header was right to Hilsabeck for the score and Pagosa was up 4-0.

That, Kurt-Mason said afterward, was "the play of the game. If Bayfield had any fight left, that took it out of them."

After Diller was wide left again three minutes later, Pagosa thought it had scored a fifth goal. Reinhardt drilled a penalty kick but Diller was inside the circle and the kick was disallowed.

A minute and 58 seconds later, the Diller-Reinhardt duo stormed the nets again a after Kurt-Mason had cut his squad to nine on the field.

Reinhardt hit the crossbar from 14 yards and Diller's 8-footer off the rebound was just over the top. But Reinhardt wasn't done. She stole a Wolverine outlet at 63:30 and had a breakaway from the right side. Again, however, she hit the left post.

Brett Garman got the real fifth goal for Pagosa at 65:19 drilling one from 30 yards out on a cross from Corcoran.

Goal six came at 71:34 when Corcoran, after an evening of frustration, converted on a lead pass from Tautges and added a brilliant fake on her own that had the keeper going one way while her shot from 10 went the other.

Still, Pagosa wasn't done. With just seven seconds left, Reinhardt's reverse drop to Alaina Garman was right in stride and she drilled it to match her sister's score earlier.

Then the horn sounded and Bayfield's misery for the night was over.

Though she came way out of net several times to field loose balls, Pagosa keeper Sierra Fleenor had no saves because Bayfield was unable to muster a shot on goal.

Hunt had seven saves for Bayfield in the first half and Stepehenson five more in the second half.

For the Pirates, the win pushed their league mark to 4-1-1 with four more games to play this week, the first a return match against Bayfield in Golden Peaks Stadium Tuesday (See separate story).

The league's rush to conclusion continues with Pagosa in Ridgway (whom they played to a 1-1 tie at home) for a 4 p.m. match Thursday, traveling to Cortez to take on Telluride (who administered their only league defeat) at 4 p.m. Friday, and then closing out on the road again, this time at Center (a 2-0 loser in Pagosa) at 1 p.m. Saturday.


Pirates, Ridgway battle to 1-1 double-overtime tie

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Ridgway's Cristal Hibbard may not have believed her eyes.

Just over a minute into the Demon's April 21 game against Pagosa Springs in Golden Peaks Stadium, she found herself with the ball thanks to a missed Pirate defensive kick.

Wide open inside the attack zone, she bore in on Pirate keeper Sierra Fleenor and drilled the ball past her low to the left for a game-opening goal at 1:12.

That gave the visitors a 1-0 lead, a margin they protected until the 69:40 mark before the Pirates scored to tie it.

That tie held through the regulation and two five-minute overtimes as keepers for both squads made save after save.

The Pirate's early faux pas dug them a hole which they initially appeared intent on digging deeper. Seven of the first eight Pirate passes, for some inexplicable reason, were right to opponents.

After the game coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason was nonplussed about the early turnovers.

"We tried early to give them the game but luckily, our defense wouldn't let them take it," he said.

"Finally, we calmed down, got over the silliness, and down to business," he said.

"Hats off to Ridgway," he said. "It's a young team like ours, and they didn't play that way."

Even with the early mistakes, Pagosa was not letting Ridgway into the offensive zone for nearly 15 minutes after the initial goal.

And, working the one-touch and pass offense Kurt-Mason's been demanding, the Pirates had two scoring chances in that span.

Melissa Diller's shot at 16:20 was stopped by Ridgway keeper Eva Duce and Mariah Howell's breakaway effort 44 seconds later was just wide right.

Twenty-six seconds later, on the next Ridgway possession, Jamie Scoville's bid to hike the lead, a blast from 20 yards, caromed off the cross bar.

The balance of the first half was a defensive standoff, neither squad able to generate a genuine offensive threat though each had shots on goal from long, difficult angles - until just 17 seconds remained in the half.

Hibbard and Brittany Cambria worked a quick give and go move from the right but Cambria's shot from 10 yards missed to the left and Fleenor snared Hibbard's following rebound attempt.

The halftime discussion was quiet but pointed, Kurt-Mason obviously intent on stirring the offense.

But it was Ridgway which reacted first. Just 32 seconds into the half, Fleenor made a sparkling dive flat-out to her right to snare a blast from Ridgway's Megan Gardner.

That seemed to be the wake-up call Pagosa needed, but it took a while for them to break the drought.

Diller was wide right from 20 yards, Brittany Corcoran stopped on a blast up the middle, and Laurel Reinhardt's bid for the tying goal off a lead cross from Howell, hit the left post.

Then Howell was stopped by Duce on a breakaway, Reinhardt was wide left on a drop from Howell, and Esther Gordon's drive from 30 was hauled in by Duce.

Pagosa's offensive thrust was not to be denied, however.

Senior Jenna Finney tied the game at 69:40 on a swarm play off a corner kick by Kailie Smith. Her pass to Diller was blocked by Duce but Finney was there for the rebound and Pirate fans went wild with the game-tying effort.

Snow flurries and a chilly north wind moved into the stadium and neither team was able to mount an offensive threat the rest of regulation.

That meant overtime, two five-minute periods if necessary, to determine the outcome.

Neither team had a shot on goal in the first extra session, each searching for the open shot, the sure thing and unwilling to accept a possible loss of ball.

After the teams switched ends following the first overtime, offense became a more evident effort.

Ridgway had the first opportunity, with Fleenor making a fine save on Hibbard's bid for a winner and Duce stopping Reinhardt's point-blank drive from 12 yards.

And that was it. The game over and a 1-1 tie in the books. The teams will get another chance at each other today when Pagosa travels to Ridgway for a 4 p.m. contest.

The Pirates then play Telluride at 4 p.m. Friday in Cortez and close out the regular league season against Center in Center at 1 p.m. Saturday.

Fleenor had 14 saves for Pagosa and Duce 13 for Ridgway in the tie game.


Pirates snowed out at Monte; win at home over Bloomfield

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

It was supposed to be a day for a trip for a doubleheader in Monte Vista, but Saturday turned out to be a doubleheader sweep at home for Pagosa's baseball Pirates.

That was the result of an estimated 22 inches of snow in the San Luis Valley and Monte Vista declining to travel over Wolf Creek Pass to play the games on a dry field here.

What it does to the Intermountain League schedule is, well, completely toss it out.

The Monte Vista trip will come Saturday, weather permitting, with an 11 a.m. start. That was supposed to be the final day of the league season, with Ignacio coming here for a twin bill.

That pair of games has now been moved to Tuesday next week with a 2 p.m. start. And then the league tournament will send teams back to Monte Vista the next Saturday, times and opponents to be announced.

The Bloomfield contest was arranged at the last minute, with Pagosa coaches loathe to have their squad go two weeks without competition. A condition was that no seniors play and that there be two five-inning games. No seniors played, but both games went extra innings.

The Pirates built a 7-2 lead and squandered it in the first game before coming back to win in six innings. They fell behind 7-3 in the second game before forging back to win in the sixth.

First game detail

With junior Randy Molnar on the mound, Bloomfield strung together three singles after an opening groundout to take a 1-0 lead in the top of the first. The third single, by Chris Baugh, producing the marker.

In the Pagosa half of the inning, Josh Hoffman reached on an error at third base, but stayed there as Michael Bradford grounded to his counterpart at shortstop and Levi Gill popped out to first.

But Marcus Rivas, batting cleanup for the first time this season, ripped the first pitch from Luke Valdez over the fence in left for a 2-0 Pagosa lead before Karl Hujus grounded to short to end the inning.

Molnar got three Bloomfield batters in a row in the second, Richard Casaus on a fly to left, Shea Valdez on a grounder to short and Joel Crockett on strikes. His work was then done for the day.

Pagosa also was scoreless in the second, Casey Hart flying to right, Travis Richey reaching on a single to center but then thrown out stealing, and John Hoffman grounding to first.

Bloomfield tied it in the top of the third with Levi Gill on the mound for Pagosa.

Lalo Chavez was hit by a pitch and advanced as Shane Hellekson grounded to second. Chris Holzer reached on a fielder's choice and both runners advanced on a throwing error by Bradford. Luke Valdez was hit by a pitch to load the bases but was out third to second, the runner scoring on a rundown play. Baugh popped to third to end the inning.

Pagosa came back with a vengeance in their half of the frame. Adam Trujllo drew a walk to start it and advanced an a throwing error as Josh Hoffman reached on a fielder's choice. Bradford singled to center to load the bases and Gill followed suit, driving in one. Rivas beat out an infield hit for another run batted in and Hujus drew a walk.

Hart singled for the fifth run of the inning but was out stealing. Richey grounded to short to end the inning.

Bloomfield got a single to left by Destry Gallegos to open the fourth and he moved up on a wild pitch. Casaus reached on a field's choice. Gallegos cut down at third. Shea Valdez singled, but Crockett hit into a 6-4-3 double play to end the inning.

Pagosa, too, went scoreless in the fourth although John Hoffman reached on an error by the third baseman and moved up on a wild pitch. Trujillo flied to right, Josh Hoffman fouled out to the catcher and Bradford lined to the first baseman. The score stood at 7-2 for Pagosa.

But Bloomfield came up with a big seven-run inning in the fifth to take a 9-7 lead.

With Trujillo on the mound for Pagosa to open the frame, the visitors gave every indication of loving left-handed deliveries.

Chavez opened with a single to left. Helleckson singled to right and two runs scored when Holzer's long fly to center was dropped. Luke Valdez singled for another run, moved up on a wild pitch and stayed as both Baugh and Gallegos drew walks. Casaus flied to left and Valdez struck out but Crockett singled to center for two more runs and Lalo Chavez doubled to drive in two more. Helleckson reached on a fielder's choice but Chavez was out at the plate to end the uprising.

Pagosa struck right back to tie it in their half of the inning. Gill walked and Rivas singled to right. Matt Gallegos, batting for Hujus, doubled to left for the two RBIs before Hart flied to right, Richey fouled out and John Hoffman fanned.

In the extra inning, Holzer opened with a single to left but was out at second as Luke Valdez hit into a fielder's choice. He was cut down stealing on a perfect throw from Rivas and Baugh flied to left, setting the stage for the Pagosa comeback.

Travis Marshall, batting for Trujillo, drew a walk. Josh Hoffman's perfect sacrifice bunt moved him to second and he scored from there when Bradford's drive with right through shortstop.

The run gave Pagosa a 10-9 victory.

Second game detail

Bloomfield jumped out to a quick lead with Bradford on the mound for Pagosa.

Helleckson opened with a single to right, and moved up on a wild pick-off throw. Holzer flied to right, moved up when Valdez was safe on an error in right, both runners scoring on a single to center by Baugh.

He stole second and Gallegos walked. Both advanced on a wild pitch and Baugh scored the third run when Chavez flied to deep short on a fine play by Gill. Crockett struck out to end the first half inning.

Pagosa came back with one run in their half manufactured with three hits and an error. Josh Hoffman struck out leading off but Bradford singled to center, holding as Gill popped to first. Rivas reached on an error by the third baseman and Hujus singled to drive in Bradford. Hart had a infield single to load the sacks, but Richey grounded out to second to end the threat, Pagosa trailing 3-1.

Hujus was summoned to the hill to open the second in his first appearance as a pitcher.

He fanned Tanner Pacheco for the first out but walked Dan Sakizzie to open a world of hurt. Helleckson singled to left as did Holzer, Sakeezie scoring. Valdez unloaded a three-run homer. Baugh grounded to short, but Gallegos singled to center.

Suddenly, Hujus settled down, fanning Chavez on four pitches and starting a string of 13 outs in 14 at bats for Bloomfield.

Pagosa picked up a pair to narrow the margin to 7-3 after two innings.

Marshall was hit by a Crockett pitch to open the frame. After Matt Gallegos flied to left, Josh Hoffman doubled for one run. Bradford struck out, but Gill doubled to center to plate Hoffman before Rivas flied to left to end the inning.

From that point on the freshman Hujus was almost invincible on the mound. He retired Bloomfield on three ground balls in the third, two ground balls and a popup in the fourth, a groundout, strike out and a fly ball wasting double in the fifth, and two groundouts and a pop-up in the sixth.

Pagosa got back in the game with two more runs in the third thanks to a home run by Hart following Hujus being hit by a pitch. Richey grounded out and Marshall struck out before Gallegos reached on an error. Josh Hoffman grounded out to end the inning.

The Pirates closed the gap to one run in the fourth.

With Casaus on the mound in relief for Bloomfield, Bradford popped out to short. Gill rammed a single to left and Rivas drew a walk. Hujus drove in Gill with a single but Rivas was out at the plate attempting to score on the same play. Hart bounced to short and the lead was down to 7-6.

The Pirates struck for a single run again in the fifth, this one tying the contest. It opened innocently with both Richey and John Hoffman striking out. But Gallegos singled to center and stole second. Josh Hoffman walked and Bradford singled for the tying run but was picked off base by the catcher, Holzer.

In the extra inning, Gill beat out and infield hit and Rivas almost amputated Casaus' leg with a rifle shot through short.

Runners on first and second with no outs; up stepped Hujus with vengeance in mind. A ball low and away. Then a waist-high fastball and it was all over. Hujus lined it to right and Gill scored the winning run. Pagosa had swept a the twin bill 10-9 and 8-7.

Bradford was winning pitcher of the first game and Hujus the victor in the second.


Tough going in Bloomfield, Ladies return home Saturday

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

It was a tough day in Bloomfield for the Pirate women tracksters.

They faced several larger schools and a rough event schedule, but pulled through strong in the end.

Sophomore Emilie Schur led Pagosa's effort with two second-place finishes in the distance races. Schur missed first in the 1,600-meter run by just .03 of a second, crossing the finish in 5 minutes, 27.09 seconds. Shiprock claimed the top spot. In the 3,200, Schur was about 10 seconds off the leader's heels, ending the race in 12:16.87.

Freshman Kim Fulmer came through with Pagosa's other top-three finish, claiming third in the 400 in 1:04.25.

"She is the fastest 400 runner Pagosa has had in five years," Head Coach Connie O'Donnell said. "It has been fun for me to watch her get faster and faster every week." Her time Saturday was a little more than a second off the school record set by Julia Rolig in 1998.

In the field events, senior Roxanna Day claimed fifth in the high jump and freshman Lyndsey Mackey leaped into sixth at the long jump pits.

O'Donnell said only the top seven from preliminary races made the finals in New Mexico. That cut out several Pirates who finished eighth in preliminary times.

"Pagosa runners did prelims in all the normal events - the 100, 200 and the hurdles, but they also had prelims for the 400," O'Donnell said. "For some of our kids that run in the mile relay, that is three 400s in a day." A stiff test.

Farmington won the girls' team trophy with 110 points, 46 more than the nearest competition, Piedra Vista. Pagosa Springs finished eleventh, just three points shy of league-rival Centauri.

O'Donnell said the girls are aiming to close the gap completely at the Intermountain League meet May 8 in Bayfield where the 4-by-800 relay will be back on the slate. The distance relay is not run in New Mexico.

This Saturday, the Pirates will face down the competition on their own turf for the first time. The meet at Golden Peaks Stadium will begin with field events at 8:30 a.m. Running events start at 9 a.m. Finals begin after lunch.

"I encourage people to come and watch and support the kids in the events in which they practice so hard all week," she said.


Long jump: 6. Mackey, 14-7. Pole vault: 5. R. Day, 7-6. 1600: 2. E. Schur, 5:27.09. 400: 3. K. Fulmer, 1:04.25. 3200: 2. E. Schur, 12:16.87.


Pirates finish fourth in prestigious Bloomfield meet

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Pirates showed no fear Saturday facing off against tough competition in the men's ranks at Bloomfield to finish fourth out of nine teams and first among the 3A schools.

Coach Connie O'Donnell said Pagosa received a boost from players returning from injury and some new blood on the field, including Clayton Spencer who competed for the first time this season and came away with four medals - three in relays.

"We kept him busy at the meet in the high jump, 110-hurdles, 4-by-100, 4-by-200 and 4-by-400 relays," she said. "In New Mexico, you can compete in five events as long as one of them is a field event."

The senior's top finish was in the field event, the high jump, where he cleared a personal best 6 foot, 1 inch, to snatch second from an Alamosa competitor.

"He attempted 6-3 and just barely hit the bar," O'Donnell said.

Spencer stepped up to take Otis Rand's place in the 1600-meter relay. Rand is recovering from a pulled muscle.

"Our 4-by-400 didn't miss a beat," O'Donnell said. "Clayton filled in very well and the team ran its fastest time of the season, placing third." The team also included senior Dan Lowder, freshman Gunnar Gill and Junior Turner. Their time was 3 minutes, 40.69 seconds.

The 400-meter relay team of Spencer, sophomore Daniel Aupperle, junior Paul Armijo and junior Manuel Madrid also placed third, crossing the finish in 45.86. The foursome stayed the same for the 800 relay, running a 1:38.81 to place fourth behind top-three Alamosa, Aztec and Kirtland.

Pagosa took two other top-three spots in field events, stealing second in the triple jump and third in the long jump. Both jumpers were just an inch shy of the nearest competitors. Turner leaped 41-0 in the triple, and Aupperle nailed 20-0.5 in the long jump.

O'Donnell cheered Aupperle's effort after missing a week. "We really missed his points last weekend," she said. "He is also such a good leader on the track in competition and at practice. It was nice to have him back on the relays and placing in the long jump again."

Armijo is another leader.

"His leg is finally healing from the injury he received last fall in football," O'Donnell said. "I think he was afraid he had lost his speed forever, but he is right back into the times that he ran last year. He can only get better."

Senior Aaron Hamilton continued to improve his times with a season-best 2:10.07 effort in the 800-meter run, earning fourth-place points.

"He had some great competition and they really pushed him hard," O'Donnell said. "Aaron has such a great work ethic. He knows what he wants and will push himself to get there. I know he wants a state medal - maybe more than one - and he is doing everything he can in practice to achieve that."

Lowder squeaked in fourth in the 400-meter dash with a time of 54.10, and Turner rounded out Pagosa's points with a sixth-place finish in the long jump.

Alamosa won the team title at Bloomfield, outdistancing Aztec impressively 121-79. Farmington was third.

This week, the Pirates get to experience something new - a home track meet. The Pirates will compete at Golden Peaks Stadium Saturday. Field events begin at 8:30 a.m., followed by the track events at 9 a.m. This will be Pagosa's last meet before post-season events begin, and everyone is encouraged to come cheer on the home team.


Long jump: 3. D. Aupperle, 20-0.5; 6. J. Turner, 18-7.75. High jump: 2. C. Spencer, 6-1. Triple jump: 2. J. Turner, 41-0. 400 relay: 3. D. Aupperle, P. Armijo, C. Spencer, M. Madrid, 45.86. 800 relay: 4. D. Aupperle, P. Armijo, C. Spencer, M. Madrid, 1:38.81. 400: 4. D. Lowder, 54.10. 800 : 4. A. Hamilton, 2:10.07. 1600 relay: 3. D. Lowder, C. Spencer, G. Gill, J. Turner, 3:40.69.


Adaptive Sports seeks summer volunteers

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Volunteer outdoor guides are needed for the Adaptive Sports Association's sixth season of outdoor recreational activities for people with disabilities.

Activities include whitewater rafting, flat-water canoeing and kayaking, hiking, fishing, jeep tours and more.

Volunteers are needed to assist participants in varying capacities. Training is provided and no experience is necessary.

Those interested in volunteering should attend one orientation/training meeting. The meetings will be held 6-7 p.m. May 4, 5, 11 and 12 at 125 E. 32nd St., in Durango.

For more information and to register, call Adaptive Sports Association at 259-0374.


Women's golf group opens season Tuesday

The Pagosa Women's Golf Association will open its 2004 season Tuesday, May 4.

There will be a coffee at 8:30 a.m. to welcome all league members and guests, and a round of 18 holes of golf in the Cinco de Mayo format. Sign up at the golf club for the opening day event.

The Pagosa Women's Golf Team will resume competition Thursday, May 6, with a match at the Hidden Valley Golf Club in Aztec.

You must have an established handicap and a current GHIN number to participate.

For more information, contact team captain Barbara Sanborn at 731-9774.


Parks & Rec

Spring volleyball clinics for junior and senior high players

By Joe Lister Jr.

SUN Columnist

From May 17 through 20, Pagosa Springs Parks and Recreation will sponsor volleyball clinics for girls from fifth through eighth grades 3:30-5 p.m. and ninth-12th grades 5:30-7:30 p.m. at the junior high school.

Camp director Myles Gabel (our recreation supervisor) has volleyball coaching experience at New Mexico State (head coach) San Diego State (head coach), and with four-time national champions University of Southern California (assistant coach).

Girls in these age groups should plan on attending to take advantage of his experience. Cost for the four-day camp is $10.

For more information, call Myles Gabel at 264-4151, Ext. 232.

Youth baseball

The 2004 youth baseball leagues sponsored by the Town of Pagosa Springs are off and running.

The weather seems to be cooperating; we anticipate getting the leagues going as early as we ever have.

The following leagues for specific age groups are being formed; 7-8 (coach pitch league), 9-10, 11-12, with the older groups participating in workouts and a draft.

We have started to play the youngest group in all sports early to help free up time for coaches, and parents with multiple children to enjoy different seasons.

As of April 27, we have approximately 150 enrolled, making up more than 11 teams. This year plans are to have the most successful league ever. Efforts are being made to try to sanction all leagues into some sort of national affiliation, to help our older athletes play against teams from other towns and possibly qualify for state and national competition.

Other positives of affiliation include fund-raising efforts by the leagues, and insurance to and from practices and games. Along with the affiliation we hope to host umpire and coaches' clinics that will benefit all participants.

Tryouts are being set up with the coaches, with team pictures and practice games May 8 at the our softball/baseball complex.


The final games for Tee-ball will be held May 6, in conjunction with uniform return and awards day activities.

This being the first year in which Tee-ball has been run at earlier dates than other youth baseball programs, we feel that it was a great success, and plan future programs for 5- and 6-year-olds to be run earlier than the older classifications.


Adult womens' open gym volleyball has begun, with the gymnasium at the community center available for play Wednesdays 6-8 p.m. If attendance is good we plan to try to put together an adult womens' spring volleyball league. So, all you women who have been asking for more activities, come out and show your support.

Park reservations

Interested in reserving a park for a special occasion, please remember to reserve the park by call Joe Lister Jr. at 264-4151, Ext. 231.


Deal with it now

Nearly every major problem faced by our community is driven by growth. Nearly every problem the community will face in the future will be shaped by the growth we've experienced over the last 25 years and will continue to experience for an undetermined time to come.

To date, we've had no grip on it, possessed few tools we could use to deal with growth of population and what attends it. We've had few clear ideas of what we want to be as a community - socially, economically, architecturally. We are a typical western boomtown, developing almost randomly, mutating from one dimly conceived form into another.

It's time for serious thinking about what we wish to become, about what kind of community will be inherited by our children, our grandchildren and, yes, those who continue to move here. We need to do this while we still can, and have it make a difference.

A first point is this: To control growth is not to stop it. Many whose livelihoods depend on the influx of new population blanch when they hear talk of controlling growth; they need to temper the reaction with the knowledge that, in order to ensure quality and controlled migration, key values of all types must be maintained. The area must remain a desirable place for those who have the privilege to live here.

A second point: There are efforts underway to create better regulatory tools at the county level, there is a mayor's group making an attempt to define a vision for the community - of who and what we are, of what we can be. We need time for these efforts to succeed.

Here is an idea to debate, a version of which might soon be delivered to local officials.

Impose a moratorium on major commercial construction until we determine what we want, until we decide whether creating certain facilities and amenities serves a population destined to grow at a maximum rate or, in fact, encourages unmanaged growth.

Put the moratorium on so-called "big box" construction and the development of large-scale commercial properties until the land use process is in place, the vision formulated. Impose it for a reasonable period of time, not with the idea of stifling future construction, but to provide planners, officials and citizens time to consider how such development can and should fit into a bigger picture. If such a proposal is made, our elected officials need to give it, and ideas like it, some thought.

Here's another idea for debate.

As we work to define our future more clearly and to acquire regulatory tools, let's deal with growth-related problems we already suffer. For example, the "road problem." It's been with us a long time: too many roads, too little money, property owners demanding new roads be taken by the county for maintenance.

People have sung the same tune for years - "the county must take the roads, the county is responsible." It hasn't worked. This county is not going to take all the roads; it can't deal with what it has. Let's consider something different: That the county take roads out of the system, reducing its burden to the maintenance of arterial roads only - that it leave residential roads to property owners who then organize districts to fix roads and maintain them, taxing themselves, using private industry for the work, controlling their own situation. Let the county simultaneously lower its tax burden in a reasonable manner. It's going to cost more to have the roads we want, one way or another. Who, in the end, will run the show, and how well?

If we continue to debate issues and ideas like these, with clearer vision we might someday deal with bigger problems yet.

Karl Isberg


Pacing Pagosa

A plot to confuse newsmen?

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

You come around the replacement for Dead Man's curve and you're faced with a phalanx of emergency vehicles at Devil Mountain Road from every imaginable regional agency.

It was 6:30 p.m. Friday when I was returning from soccer coverage in Bayfield.

At the very least, I thought as I counted vehicles, we've had a mass murder and there's an all-out manhunt.

My count reached 15, including two from Los Piños Fire Protection District in Bayfield. Their presence may have been incidental, but they were in Archuleta County.

Vehicles gathered near the Devil's Mountain site were from Bayfield and Pagosa Springs police departments, Archuleta and La Plata County sheriff's departments, Ute Tribal police, Colorado State police and, perhaps again incidentally in the area, an ambulance approaching from Upper San Juan Health Service District.

A pair of the lawmen had weapons drawn and two more were looking to the west with binoculars.

I could see no reason anywhere for all those law enforcement officials to be in the same spot, but I was sure something major had transpired.

Turns out the Southwest Drug Task Force was after the driver of a car and pursuit had come into Archuleta County nearly to Chimney Rock from Durango through Arboles.

I don't know if the pursued driver was caught or what specific charges he or she was wanted for. I do know that any out-of-state passerby must have suspected we had a major law event underway, perhaps a terrorist threat from a hidden cell of religious fanatics burrowed into the devil's own mountain.

That was just phase two in a confused day for the news team.

Pagosa had been scheduled to play in Bayfield at 4 p.m. Both Pagosa and the league assigned officials had that as the starting time. Bayfield, however, thought the game was at 5 p.m. and, already shorthanded, did not have players on the field by 4. After a conference, coaches and officials agreed to split the difference and start the game at 4:30, with Bayfield two players short.

After that unexpected delay and the police confrontation, I was reasonably sure at least one more surprise lay in waiting. After all, they always come in threes - don't they?

I was right. Scheduled for a baseball doubleheader in Monte Vista on Saturday, I felt I should check to see if it was still on in view of the reported snowfall in the San Luis Valley.

I found a pair of Pirate players still at the high school field and was advised the games, in fact, had been canceled because of nearly two feet of snow. Monte Vista had declined to play the games here, and a substitute doubleheader against Bloomfield, N.M. would be played. The Monte Vista game was rescheduled for this Saturday, when Pagosa was scheduled to play Ignacio at home. That doubleheader has been moved to next Tuesday, three days after the league season is supposed to be finished and three before the league tournament in - you guessed it - Monte Vista.

Is it any wonder newsmen get confused?


90 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era files of May 1, 1914

Hale and hearty John A. Chapson came in from Canon City to spend his usual summer vacation with his son Elmer and family on their West Fork ranches.

The city fathers are getting busy - the park is undergoing repairs this week.

Dave Lowenstein has received the big plate glass windows, which will be installed in the elegant new front of his gents' furnishing store on the corner of 4th and Pagosa Sts.

The Mullins barber shop is undergoing a complete renovation this week. Tompy, the decorator, is doing the job.

Commissioner Peterson is adding an extensive addition to one of his properties in the park.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 3, 1929

We have it on pretty good authority that one evening one of Pagosa's housewives placed some hot ashes in a wagon containing trash to be hauled away, and that night the wagon was almost burned up (or down). For fear of putting Sheriff Matthews on her trail we refuse to disclose her name.

A large crowd attended the second showing of the Junior class play, "Ann, what's her name?" at the High School auditorium last Friday night. Many pronounce it the best school play ever produced in Pagosa Springs.

F.A. Byrne last week disposed of about 1,500 acres of cutover land in the Dyke section, belonging to Whitney Newton, to W.H. Hurt of Dyke, who already had extensive holdings in that vicinity.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of April 30, 1954

Lester W. Mullins Post No. 108 of the American Legion in Pagosa Springs held their annual election of officers on April 22, and elected a whole new set of officers. George Alley, Jr., was elected as Commander. He replaces V.A. Poma, who has so diligently guided the post during the past fiscal year. The old set of officers accomplished much during the past year. They were instrumental in getting the new addition to the hall completed, as well as other worthwhile projects.

The machinery and men working on the waterworks and the new school draw a lot of attention. Both projects draw their share of sidewalk superintendents and it is a safe bet they also draw plenty of advice.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of May 3, 1979

May 1st snow course readings by Soil Conservation personnel showed near record amounts of both snow and water on the headwaters of the San Juan River. The local SCS office reported the snow depth on top of Wolf Creek Pass at the Wolf Creek Summit course was 125.4 inches and it contained 56.4 inches of water. Other heavy snowpack years on May 1st at the Upper San Juan course were 1957 and 1965. Those years were about 18% less than this year.

A proposal has been made to consolidate the two local ranger districts on the San Juan National Forest into one district. The combined district, as proposed, is 555,000 acres in size and reaches from the Piedra area to the Continental Divide.



Archaeologist discusses Chimney Rock and Chaco Canyon

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

In the 21st century, television commercials promise even small businesses can go global with the right technology. A push of a button allows people in rural southwestern Colorado access to a plethora of goods and services. Pictures can be sent digitally from phone to phone, jumping oceans and continents.

But what about 950-1,000 years ago?

What about carrying commercial goods on your back or hung from a strap around your head? How far was the edge of the world, at least for economic purposes, back then?

That was part of the question posed by Dr. Stephen H. Lekson, curator of anthropology at the University Museum of Natural History in Boulder, at the educational forum, "Distance and Perception in Chimney Rock Archaeology," in Pagosa Springs April 19.

Lekson is a southwestern archaeologist who has led 18 expeditions in the Four Corners area. He has written two dozen books and is a frequent contributor to Archaeology and other magazines. He also wrote the introduction to, "Chimney Rock: The Ultimate Outlier," a 12-chapter book set to come out this fall.

Lekson's presentation in Pagosa centered on the possibility of economic, political and cultural ties between people living at Chimney Rock, near Pagosa Springs, and the people living and visiting Chaco Canyon, 100 miles away.

According to the National Park Service Web site article, "A brief history of Chaco Culture National Historical Park," Chaco has been considered "Š a regional center of ceremony, administration, trading and resource distribution, where year-round residents may have been few, and others may have assembled temporarily for annual events and ceremonies Š" ever since research conducted in the 1970s and '80s. Its importance was marked by a number of massive, perhaps public, buildings constructed in the canyon and throughout the surrounding area. Ruins of these large-scale buildings, very different in both scale and material from the average family dwelling, are found throughout the region - and at Chimney Rock.

However, the question remains: Were masons and architects simply borrowed from Chaco to help other, separate communities build in this style, or do the crumbling rocks represent a regional system of ancient "suburbs" with the capital at Chaco?

Chaco architectural style, according to the Chimney Rock tour guide handbook revised in 2001, is a building with "straight walls, square corners, chinking between the wall rocks, pecked rock faces, doorways, although sparingly, and all the outside walls were build first with interior walls added later."

Remains of about 200 of these Great Houses can be found in the area surrounding Chaco Canyon, including one on the ridge at Chimney Rock Archeological Area, the most northeastern of the Chacoan Great Houses, and perhaps, "the smoking gun," for those who argue Chaco was the heart of a regional system, Lekson said. Chimney Rock's Great House was built on capstone on the top of the ridge. Thirty-four rooms. Two Kivas. Every piece hauled a thousand feet off the valley floor.

The problem with finding a real connection between the two has been, in the past, distance, and perhaps a proprietary interest by archaeologists in "owning" certain sites.

"Our arguments about distance have more to do with too many rats in a cage than ancient cultures," he said.

Over the years, Lekson said, scientists have made several stabs at estimating how far people in the 11th century could carry goods, part of creating a regional economy. In the 1970s, one put the limit at 50 kilometers. Five years later, another put the limit at 270 kilometers. Another scientist said a reasonable radius was between 100-150 kilometers for the transport of foodstuffs with longer distances possible on a more limited basis.

Several weeks ago, Lekson studied the question using a map and a compass, comparing the idea of a regional system involving Chimney Rock and Chaco Canyon to other ancient regional systems of government, economics and culture evident throughout North and South America.

"Remember the international boundary is our international boundary," he said, examining a map. Lines seen in the mind's eye today from geography class had no standing in cultures active a thousand years ago.

Lekson said a few weeks ago, he began to use a compass to determine actual distances between Chaco and its outliers - the suburbs. His findings were presented in public for the first time in Pagosa Springs.

If, he said, Chaco was used as the center, at about 140 kilometers out, a circle's circumference would pass through Farview, Whitehouse and Chimney Rock, three sites containing Chacoan Great Houses. Chaco, he cautioned, is not geometrically in the center of a circle of Great Houses. The majority of the recognized outliers extend to the north and west.

He kept drawing circles. At about 240 kilometers, the circle's circumference passed through the Aragon and Owen's Great Houses, the southern and northernmost generally accepted locations of Chacoan Great Houses. Between 140 and 240 kilometers, he said, Great Houses are "thick as ticks."

Using those numbers as a starting point, he began to look for other examples of regional economies around the same time period.

A little to the south and west, he discovered the Hohokam culture near Phoenix. These people left behind, not monuments of stone, but of dirt, he said, besides red on buff pottery and huge canals.

What archaeologists have studied to determine how far the Hohokam culture and economy stretched are their "ball courts," sports fields constructed from earth. Again, he said, so far about 200 ball courts are recognized as similar in construction starting near Phoenix. The farthest, generally accepted ball court site from Pheonix is Wapatki/Pueblo Viejo. It is about 240 kilometers away.

In other parts of the world, he said, the idea of ancient regional economies operating over distances of 500 or 1,000 kilometers is commonly accepted.

He gave examples from south America where trade in Macaws, shells and turquoise covered thousands of miles, and the Mississippi Valley region of North America. There, he said, in the 11th Century, Cahokia was apparently the regional center for a people who moved huge mounds of earth to create pyramidlike structures. Cahokia, he said, was home to 20,000 or 30,000 people. It's farthest outlier, with similar moundlike structures, is 495 kilometers to the north.

With those instances in mind, Leckson said, it isn't hard to imagine Chimney Rock as a far off "suburb" of Chaco's regional influence.

"They might have been the far-out suburbs, but people there knew each other face to face," he said.

Gary Fairchild, archaeologist for the Pagosa Ranger District, said they were working to convince Lekson to investigate some of the sites at Chimney Rock, or participate in further discussions. Leckson did admit Chimney Rock was perhaps his favorite archaeological site, "because of its setting and because the community is so much behind it."

Daily tours of the Chimney Rock Great House and other sites in the archaeological area west of Pagosa Springs are offered by the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association from May through September. Information about the tours and other programs can be found at chimneyrockco.org.


Pagosa's Past

No shortage of hospitality on frontier

John M. Motter

Staff Writer

Pioneer settlement in western Colorado seemed to be general in that communities sprouted at about the same time in the valleys separating the stupendous "Shining Mountains."

The impetus for settlement was, of course, gold - specifically the so-called Pike's Peak Gold Rush of 1859.

Some settlement took place before the gold rush, small Hispanic communities in the San Luis Valley, a trapper hangout at the confluence of Fountain Creek and the Arkansas River near today's Pueblo, and some folks attached to Bent's Fort.

For the most part, serious settlement in western Colorado began in the late 1860s and early 1870s. Settlement also waited until treaties were worked out between the Ute Indians and the impatient Anglos.

Last week, we began discussing the formation of Bayfield, the next town west from Pagosa Springs. We noted that settlement of the Pine River Valley began in the early 1870s. Bayfield itself was not formed until the late 1890s and incorporated in 1906. By that time, most of the towns we know in southwest Colorado were already incorporated. Pagosa Springs incorporated in 1891.

Picking up from last week we learn that the Bays, who gave the town its name, were hard working and highly respected citizens. Mr. Bay was well known for his string of Belgian horses and supplied them to many fire departments in the Basin. He paid $5,700 for a stallion, a huge sum in those days.

Bay worked hard to improve his land, leveling and filling in. Dr. Downing told how a road contractor offered to level a high knoll of Bay's property in exchange for permission to store equipment there. The contractor appeared on Sunday morning to do the work. Bay had to figure out if it was all right to work on the Lord's Day. The leveling took place at night.

Before he moved away, Bay gave the part of Bayfield north of the main street to the town. His home and land, he sold to L.J. Halverson.

Other families who helped in the development of Bayfield were the Wommers, Hensleys, Patricks, Highlands, Morrisons, W.D. and George Taylors, Mason Farrow, John More and Preston Bell.

We are indebted to the book "Pioneers of the San Juan Country," Vol. IV, for this information concerning the formation of Bayfield. Personally, I know of no other compilation of Bayfield history, a deficit some industrious historian should correct.

Settlement of Pagosa Country and the San Juan Basin paralleled patterns followed across the nation. People came from everywhere. After all, there was lots of room.

One of these was Mary Holly, the eldest of 10 children born in County Kerry, Ireland. Life was hard and in 1876, the 15-year-old jumped at the chance to emigrate to the United States. During the early 1880s, now with husband George Tyner, Mary moved to Allison, called Vallejo in those days. Since water for Vallejo was hauled in on the Denver & Rio Grande train, the Tyners stayed only a week before moving on to the Florida station where George obtained a job as a section foreman.

The year was 1883. Mary counted 21 Ute tipis from the section house. Utes rode at will about the country.

Mary was somewhat at ease with leprechauns and other creatures of Irish legend, but painted Indians with feathers in their braids terrified her. When they rode around and around the house peering in windows and rattling the door, she locked the door and cowered in a corner.

These Indians were curious, but friendly. Jim Weaselskin laughed as he told George "white man's squaw a heap scared." A sharp reprimand ended the phony raids. Utes and Tyners became good friends, even sharing Christmas dinner at the Tyner home.

George was called "Quates" by the Utes. Because he was left handed, the family believed the name meant left-handed in Ute.

George and Mary had nine children, all raised in that vicinity.

The boys rode to school on burros and an old horse and in later years recalled the frontier hospitality of those times. Weary travelers, beset by wind, mud, or snow, stopped at farm homes and were cordially received, even when bedding was short and food supplies even shorter. No one was ever turned away.

More next week on pioneering in Pagosa Country and the San Juan Basin.



Date High Low Precipitation

Type Depth Moisture











































Wind, rain, and snow in short-term forecast

By Tom Carosello

Staff Writer

Got wind?

If you answered "no," chances are you're among the minority of Pagosa Country residents who managed to somehow avoid afternoon "breezes" in the 20-40 mile per hour range over the past few days.

However, according to the latest forecasts for the region, anyone who missed out on the initial wave of gusts may get a chance to experience Mother Nature's second offering - along with a side of rain or snow - in the near future.

"We're tracking a cold front that is expected to begin its move through southwest Colorado (today)," said Dave Nadler, a forecaster with the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction.

"This is a fairly moist, cold system," added Nadler. "Pagosa should get a good shot of intermittent precipitation with it."

Elevations above 7,000 feet are expected to receive at least light snow, said Nadler, while lower elevations should expect rain showers.

"We're predicting the system to spin south through the region into Friday, then move east by late Friday night," said Nadler.

"By Saturday, things should start to dry out and warm up," he concluded.

According to Nadler, overcast and windy conditions should intensify through this morning and into this afternoon, with gusts expected to approach 35 miles per hour.

High temperatures in the upper 50s are expected, as is a 40-percent chance for rain/snow. Lows should range in the 20s.

Friday calls for cooler conditions, with highs in the mid-40s, lows in the 15-25 range and a 30-percent chance for rain or snow.

The forecasts for Saturday and Sunday predict partly-cloudy skies, a slim chance for afternoon showers, highs in the 60s and lows around 30.

Clear conditions are expected for Monday through Wednesday; highs should approach 70, while lows are expected to fall into the 30s.

The average high temperature recorded last week at the Fred Harman Art Museum was 56 degrees. The average low was 21. Moisture totals for the week amounted to just over one-tenth of an inch.

The Pagosa Ranger District rates the current area fire danger as "low." Conditions are subject to change rapidly this time of year; for updates, call the district office at 264-2268.

According to the latest SNOTEL data, the snowpack level for the Upper San Juan River Basin has improved to 100 percent of average.

San Juan River flow through town ranged from approximately 330 cubic feet per second to 650 cubic feet per second last week. The river's historic median flow for the week of April 29 equals roughly 700 cubic feet per second.

ALIGN=bottom> If you have any questions, comments, suggestions or letters to the editor   The Web Site contains material which is protected by international Copyright and trademark laws. No material may be copied, reproduced, republished, broadcast or distributed in any way or decompiled, except that you may download one copy of the Materials on any single computer for your personal, non-commercial home use only, provided you keep intact all copyright and other proprietary notices. On-line publication, Copyright 2004, The Pagosa Springs SUN. Web page design, Copyright 2004, The Pagosa Springs SUN, Inc.