Front Page

April 11, 2002

Oil-gas rules tabled; citizens want enforcer

By John M. Motter

Staff Writer

Land use regulations aimed specifically at the oil and gas industry in Archuleta County failed to receive action at a public hearing conducted by the board of county commissioners Tuesday night.

Present were Bill Downey, chairman of the board of county commissioners, and commissioner Alden Ecker. Commissioner Gene Crabtree was absent.

This is too important an issue to vote on without all of the commissioners present, Downey said. Information from the meeting will be provided to Crabtree, he added, giving him the opportunity to cast an informed vote at a later date.

As a consequence of Tuesday's inaction, the task began more than a year ago by county planning staff continues - the task of developing specific regulations to govern oil and gas drilling in the county.

Downey explained county regulatory limitations based on the severance of rights between surface owners and minerals rights owners. Mineral owners have the right to extract minerals and use the land surface to do so, Downey said. Regulation of the drilling process is governed by the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission and not within the county's jurisdiction to regulate, he added.

The county can regulate certain surface activities, Downey said, even though that right is being contested by the commission and the industry. Proposed regulations presented Tuesday night represent the county's attempt to impose rules governing surface impacts, visual impacts, aesthetics, ground disturbances, roads, noise and related activities.

Last year, three methane gas wells were drilled in the southwestern part of the county. The driller passed through the county Conditional Use Permit process, but complained the process was too cumbersome and time consuming. The CUP process applies to a variety of construction and development activities, but does not specifically address oil and gas concerns. The county commissioners responded by directing planning staff to develop regulations specific to the oil and gas industry. The first draft of oil and gas regulations was written a year ago last March.

In the meantime, no county permits were obtained for two wells drilled early this year. Commissioners learned of the drilling from irate residents where the drilling took place. A February letter written by county attorney that they must obtain a county permit or face legal action from the county.

Representatives of the drillers met with county planning staff in response to the letter. The drillers were advised by planning staff that they should wait until the county adopts the new regulations before applying for a permit. The thinking was that the new process would be in place soon, making it possible for the drillers to obtain permits more quickly than by passing through the CUP process.

"My understanding after the talk with the drillers was that they would not do any more work at the site," said Marcus Baker, the county planner writing the proposed regulations.

To the consternation of many Arboles-area residents, instead of inactivity, the drillers are busy.

"As we meet here they are fracturing the Peterson well," said Penney Holmes from Arboles.

Fracturing means the drillers are applying high pressure at the bottom of the well with the idea of fracturing the coal seam housing methane gas. Fissures in the fractured seam make it easier to extract gas. Fissures also allow the gas to move through the seams in unpredictable directions, involving the possible contamination of water wells. Tales are common of home owners using a match to light methane gas escaping from house spigots.

The citizens of Arboles who attended the Tuesday night meeting, unanimous in their opposition to the drilling, cited story after story they say illustrate the gas industry disregard for county regulations and "the quality of life of surface owners." They described damaged roads, all-night truck and drilling noises, inadequate fencing around drill pads, and the lack of prior notice to residents of the neighborhood.

When asked why drillers are ignoring a state requirement that test samples of residential water wells be taken in the area of a proposed well before the well is drilled, landsman Michael Finney replied that, on first drilling, the water well testing is not required.

Finney also submitted a long list of suggested changes to the proposed regulations.

He objected to the pre-application meeting requirement and specifically to the requirement that the applicant notify the landowner and get the landowner to attend the pre-application meeting. There seemed to be some agreement at the meeting that the applicant should be responsible for notifying the landowner, but not for ensuring that the landowner attend the meeting.

"Landowners may live in California, for example," Finney said. "They may not be able to attend or they may not want to. You're putting a responsibility on the applicant that can't be carried out."

While arguing against the pre-application meeting, Finney pointed out that even before a permit request is made, prospective drillers normally have reached an agreement with the surface owner governing surface impacts. Finney also argued that pre-application meetings are a waste of time.

Baker defended pre-application meetings by pointing out they are central to the entire process.

The first contact between the county and the drillers is the preapplication meeting. At that time, the drillers and county planning staff discuss the proposed drilling endeavor. Based on information gathered at the meeting, planning staff decides on one of two courses for the permit application.

One course is the short process which is handled by planning staff without resort to the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission or the county commissioners. Only minor surface impacts are anticipated. A permit might be issued in as little as 21 days.

The second course involves the long process which is used for more complicated and extensive drilling and operating processes. Consequently, steps in the long process closely resemble the conditional use permit path and consume more time.

Citizens at the meeting urged the county to hire an oil and gas enforcer, the salary to be paid through oil and gas well permit receipts.

Meanwhile, as time passes while the county attempts to develop appropriate regulations, the drillers continue to make good use of their time, even without county permits. The Peterson well is being fractured and developed and a new, unpermitted well has been drilled north of Arboles, according to residents of the area.

What is the county doing?

The only thing the county can do is react, go to the courts and seek an injunction, according to Weiss. Has the county done that? No.

In a tangential response, the county has joined with La Plata and other counties in an action seeking to void an oil and gas commission rule that says, in effect, when county surface usage laws conflict with commission rules, the commission will prevail. At issue is the question of whether a county has any right to establish and enforce certain surface mitigation requirements against the oil and gas industry, or if those rights are reserved for the commission.

Attempted kidnapping bond set at $50,000

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

A man, suspected of attempted kidnapping at a local park, was arrested April 5.

According to Pagosa Springs Police Department reports, two female juveniles were playing basketball in South Pagosa Park April 4 when a man on a bicycle approached them. He asked several questions and then grabbed one of the girls.

The juveniles were able to fend off the man and ran to safety. Their description of the alleged attacker led police to arrest Francisco Javier Morquecho, 21, of Chihuahua, Mexico.

Morquecho was booked on charges of attempted second-degree kidnapping. He is being held on $50,000 bond.

Fire ban in effect; two Chromo blazes doused

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

A countywide fire ban initiated April 5 hasn't squelched the flames yet. In fact, firefighters tackled a pair of wildfires near Chromo this week that are thought to have sparked from ditch burning prior to the ban.

Flames at one fire reported April 9 on County Road 391 reached as high as 40 feet, crowning the tops of several trees before being brought under control with the help of a helicopter.

Sgt. Karn Macht of the Archuleta County Sheriff's Department, said Tuesday's fire was reported at 1:30 p.m. Firefighters from the U.S. Forest Service and the Pagosa Springs Fire Protection District responded to the scene. They were forced to fight the 10-acre blaze uphill on a 35-percent slope. Firefighters cleared the scene about midnight.

On April 4, firefighters from the county road and bridge department, the fire protection district and three sheriff's department deputies responded to a wildfire at the Navajo River Ranch on County Road 382 about 2:30 p.m.

Macht said that 5-acre fire was spreading up the side of a hill on a 25-percent slope. It came close to one residence, burning up underneath a second story deck and near the propane tank before being brought under control. No one was injured in either blaze.

Archuleta County commissioners enacted a countywide ban April 5 at the request of Fire Chief Warren Grams and Sheriff Tom Richards. Under the ban, no campfires or burn barrels are allowed in the county or within the boundaries of the Pagosa Fire Protection District.

Grams said charcoal or propane grills are still OK. The U.S. Forest Service has not initiated a ban yet, so campfires are still allowed within those boundaries.

The ban is open-ended and will remain in effect until further notice. "It's going to be in effect until we get a couple days of good moisture," Grams said, "not just a few sprinkles in the afternoon."

Voluntary water rationing urged

By John M. Motter

Staff Writer

Residents of Pagosa Springs and the surrounding subdivisions served by the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District are being urged to ration water.

"This is scary when you look at the mountains this time of year and don't see any more snow than we have," said Carrie Campbell, the PAWS general manager. "Our lake levels are significantly low. Obviously there will not be much runoff, not enough to fill the lakes."

The lakes referred to by Campbell are Hatcher and Stevens, both used as reservoirs supplying drinking water for the subdivisions west of Pagosa Springs. Both lakes receive water from Four Mile Creek by way of Dutton Ditch. Dutton Ditch is a collection of old irrigation ditches existing long before development of the collection of subdivisions west of town began.

Both lakes are 40 inches below the spillway, according to Campbell, unusual for this time of year. Compounding the problem, two irrigators located upstream from the lakes on the Dutton Ditch have top priority on its water. One of those irrigators has already called for water. The second could assert priority at any time. When both start irrigating, no water from the Dutton Ditch will reach either lake.

The fact that both irrigators claim all of the water in the Dutton Ditch is not unusual. What is so unusual is that the claims have been made this early in the season, before the lakes are filled.

Helpful this season will be the emergence of the South San Juan Diversion project, including the new Vista water treatment plant. The South San Juan Project takes water from the San Juan River south of Pagosa Springs and pumps it to the newly opened Vista treatment plant located adjacent to PAWS management offices.

Although it is currently producing water, the South San Juan Project is largely untested. Current distribution strategy calls for supplying the subdivisions south of TwinCreek Village with water from the South San Juan Project or from Stevens Reservoir. Subdivisions north of TwinCreek Village will be supplied from Hatcher Reservoir. The proposed distribution plan will remove some of the load from Hatcher Reservoir.

Potable water in and adjacent to Pagosa Springs is processed through the Snowball water treatment plant on Snowball Road. Water to the Snowball plant is suppled via pipeline from the West Fork of the San Juan River. Future water availability for this plant this summer is also a concern, because of anticipated low stream flow in the San Juan River.

The water systems west of town are linked to the town system, making it possible to exchange water between the two if necessary.

The new Vista treatment plant is capable of treating 2 million gallons per day. Hatcher is capable of producing 2 mgd, and Stevens 1/2 mgd.

"During good years when the demand is highest, usually during July, the demand has exceeded our capacity to treat and store," Campbell said. "If we start using water wisely now, perhaps we can postpone the date when mandatory water rationing becomes necessary."

Good common sense when using water is what Campbell urges.

"There is no need to start watering lawns now," Campbell said. "When people do start watering lawns, they should only water between 7 p.m. and 7 a.m. Evaporation caused by winds and the sun when sprinkling is the biggest water waster."

"We have free pamphlets showing how to conserve water, even how to landscape using xeriscaping techniques," Campbell said. "We invite people to stop at the Vista office and get copies of these brochures."

The last bad year for the PAWS water system was 1996, according to Campbell. The 1996 water shortage triggered construction of the South San Juan Diversion Project.

"We probably have 1,500 to 2,000 more people now than we had then," Campbell said.

During 1996, PAWS directors felt they had enough water in Hatcher and Stevens reservoirs to cover a one year drought, but not two years. A plan to enlarge Stevens Reservoir was postponed until the South San Juan Diversion project could be brought on line. Enlarging Stevens Reservoir will take that source our of service for two years, a loss to be compensated for by the South San Juan Project.

Hatcher and Stevens reservoirs do not have as much stored water at this time as they had to start 1996.

Meanwhile, condominium lawns and the golf course west of town may not receive as much irrigation water as they received in the past. Both are irrigated with raw water pumped from either Village Lake or Pinon Lake. Both lakes are supplied with water from Stevens Reservoir. PAWS is unable to release water to either of those lakes at the current time, according to Campbell.

"With Stevens 40 inches below the spillway level, there is no way we can release water to Village or Pinon," Campbell said.

Drug abuse seminar for parents April 18

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

A letter going out to all parents or guardians of students in Pagosa Springs schools will stress the need for ongoing education with reference to growing use of drugs and alcohol by students and ask parents and guardians to attend an upcoming meeting.

The letter indicates local schools experienced an increase in the number of students using illegal substances last fall and says, "Any school district believing this problem does not exist is hiding from a problem that is prevalent in American Society."

Through the Pagosa Springs High School Student Voice, the staff asked pupils to be involved in addressing the problem and the students responded with several suggestions and proposals.

One suggestion that can be addressed easily and serve the greatest number of households, the administration letter says, is to increase the knowledge base in the home and among school district staff. Students indicated they understand the concerns and care as much as the staff about stopping substance abuse.

They suggested bringing in an expert in the field to educate adults in their lives about warning signs and what can be done to help students who have fallen victim to the national epidemic.

The student poll said such a program should be available to the parents/guardians for all district households, regardless of student age. Students said they believe it is never too early to address the potential of substance abuse affecting their lives.

Based on that study, the student body agreed, with administration support, to sponsor an April 18 appearance by Bart Dean, a licensed clinical social worker who received his degree from the University of Denver and is currently in practice with the Therapeutic Alliance in Denver and also works with the Denver Family Therapy Center's Adolescent Substance Abuse Program.

Dean's 7 p.m. appearance at the high school will last approximately one hour and will include information concerning warning signs of substance abuse, how to approach a young person who is experiencing problems, how to find help, and how to get help. He will also talk about mental depression and how this problem can be intertwined with substance abuse.

Parents and guardians in attendance will be able to write specific, anonymous questions on cards in order to seek suggestions and guidance from Dean.

Dean has many years experience doing therapy with families. This treatment has encompassed a variety of settings including schools, social services, probation departments, youth correction facilities, in-patient hospitals and wilderness experience programs. He specializes in family therapy with the treatment of troubled youth, adolescent substance abuse and chronic mental health problems.

Dean will make a similar presentation to the school district staff the following afternoon and will work with administrators and counselors during the day.

The school administration thinks it is vitally important that all parents/guardians attend this meeting and supports Student Voice in encouraging representatives of all households to take advantage of the opportunity.

"The problem of substance abuse by our youth," the letter says, "is a community problem that can only be addressed when the community, schools and the home work together."

All who attend will receive a booklet put out by the U.S. Department of Education: "Growing Up Drug Free - A Parents' Guide to Prevention."

Anyone with questions about the session, or who may not have received a copy of the letter, can call high school principal Bill Esterbrook at 264-2231, Ext. 229.


April 11, 2002

Time to conserve

Water availability and use is a major element in the history of this area, back to the times of earliest human habitation. As water goes, so goes this part of the world. This is a beautiful and desirable place to live, but it is often dry and this year might be drier than many.

We find the topics currently at the center of our causal conversations are the lack of moisture, the snowpack in the high country, our impending water shortage and its consequences. An alarm has been sounded, fire bans put in place due to extremely dry and dangerous conditions; we appear to be on the edge of a drastic situation concerning the availability of water for the warm summer months ahead. Though it is barely the beginning of spring, local officials are now calling for us to monitor our use of water.

This is a call we should heed in an attempt to forestall more profound measures in the near future.

According to some of the local water resource experts who prowl the ditch systems and monitor stream flows, the snowpack that provides a significant amount of our domestic and agricultural water is scant, perhaps as low as 27 percent of average.

A local backcountry skier reported last week that a trek to the high country produced a disturbing experience. His trek passed along a ridge line at 11,400 feet. He had made the trek many times, fighting heavy snow on his way to his favorite slope. This year the ridge was bare, said the skier. As he walked along the ridge, dust was kicked into the air. June conditions... for an average June.

Some old-timers in the business of evaluating water supplies have for some time been comparing this year to 1996, the last year when our water was in short supply, the last year when water restrictions were the rule of the day and reservoir levels grew worrisome. Now, they say, the current spring and summer season could be as bad as 1977 when the last deep drought plagued the region.

Regardless of the comparative severity of our current situation, the problem is obvious; there is ample proof of the shortage available to expert and novice eyes alike. A glance to the peaks reveals to anyone who knows this country a scene reminiscent of early summer, the snow nearly gone from view.

A look at the rivers and streams is instructive; flow is marginal for this time of year. A check of the ditches that are the lifeline for pasture and faucet is equally disconcerting.

The Dutton Ditch, for example, a major route of water to lakes Hatcher and Stevens - the primary water storage for the western portion of the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District service area - ran from November to the present, yet the water level at both reservoirs is down more than three feet from the tops of the spillways. Every major lake in the area shows a bare shoreline, a deficit only a major change in weather patterns will replace. Add to all this a water-consuming population greater than in 1996 and much greater than in 1977.

Our condition is clear: While we might have enough water for domestic use this year, next year could be a disaster if the drought continues. The resource should be managed very carefully, now, by both authorities and individual users.

This week, officials of the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation district took a step, asking customers to begin voluntary water conservation. Irrigators are set to claim water from the ditches and they will do it early this year, as is their right, slowing the flow of water to the reservoirs, so the time for domestic curbs is here.

The request for conservation is reasonable. Every resident within district boundaries should honor it immediately. Lawns do not need watering now and, once watering is necessary, lawns and gardens should receive a minimum amount of water. Watering should take place during night hours to minimize evaporation. Household use of water can also be limited in many ways.

Let's cooperate at this stage of the game and make the months ahead less of a problem.

Karl Isberg

Dear Folks

By David C. Mitchell

On three, let's clap for birthdays

Dear Folks,

Sunday was Robert Penton's 39th birthday. Robert is the pressman for the SUN.

Sunday was Kofi Annan's 64th birthday. Annan is secretary general of the United Nations.

Sunday was my 68th birthday. I'm Trey, Taige, Macey and Payton's granddad.

My birthday started 10 days early this year with the arrival of our oldest grandson and granddaughter, their oldest uncle and their parents. Their annual spring-break visit included the usual activities. As is customary, a dining out birthday supper for Granddad was the grand finale. It's a dinning sort of dining experience.

Being true Southern Californians, Trey and Taige consider birthday suppers as being a non-contact, high-volume, audience-participation activity. Of course Poppa Tom, Momma Sheila and Uncle Chuck follow the youngsters' lead.

Rather than belting out their version of the "Happy Birthday" song, this year's event featured a "clap of appreciation" for the waitress. Then one for the cook, and the busboy, and the other cook. And finally for the proprietor.

By then the poor fellow had ventured out to assess the situation prior to making a 9-1-1 call. He handled the matter rather graciously.

Each year the confusion and consternation caused by birthdays become more noticeable. For some reason folks are compelled to make nonsensical birthday-related comments such as: "How does it feel to be that old?" "You don't act like you're that old." Or, "You don't look that old."

How old are you supposed to look when you're a certain age? This is the first time in my life that I've ever been 68. How am I supposed to know how I should feel, or how I should act or how I should look? There aren't any publications on what someone my age should look like.

I'm dumbfounded that the folks who publish those how-to-books For Dummies are not capitalizing on this wide-open market. They could publish a number of books for older folks: "How to Look Your Age For Dummies," "How to Act Your Age For Dummies," "How to Feel Your Age For Dummies" etc.

In addition to the book route, there must be hordes of senior citizen specific products that are yet to be manufactured and marketed. Older folks are outnumbering young people for the first time ever - a million people now turn 60 every month. Someone should develop special low-heat candles that are guaranteed to not set off the smoke alarm at a senior citizen's birthday party. Or low-combustible candles that automatically extinguish themselves whenever a person in their immediate proximity takes a deep breath or inhales strongly.

The older you get the more you realize that age is a relative thing. You develop a real concern over whether your immediate relatives lived long lives.

Also, the longer you live you notice the stages of life reversing themselves. When your children were young you were always asking, "Why don't you act your age?" When you are older and your children are grown, they are always asking, "Why don't you act your age?" When your children were young you were always asking them, "Why do you have to talk so loud?" Now that you are older and your children are grown, you are always asking them, "Did you say something?" By the same token you no longer ask if they need to go to the restroom before starting on a trip.

I'm learning that aging is more than just a laughing matter. It's becoming a worldwide concern. Yesterday's Rocky Mountain News reported that whereas there are 600 million over the age of 60 today, that number will rise to 2 billion people by the year 2050. It's understandable that Secretary General Annan would quote some lyrics from one of the Beatles' old songs, "Will you still need me, will you still feed me, when I'm 64?" It's easy for me to agree with Annan's remark, "I trust the answer is yes."

It's equally easy to agree with my friend Carolyn Hansen's contention that "Old age ain't for sissies." Neither are birthdays.

Know you are loved and please keep us in your prayers. David


By Shari Pierce

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of April 7, 1977

Heavy snow fell in the Wolf Creek Pass area over the weekend, leaving 45 inches of new snow, which contained 1.46 inches of moisture. This helped the snowpack a great deal.

The local sororities will be sponsoring an Easter Egg Hunt this Saturday at the elementary school. All young people are invited. This event has been sponsored by the Beta Sigma Phi sorority for at least 25 years as a public service project and there is no charge to any child.

Archuleta County commissioners have decided to go ahead with a special population census of the county. They estimate that the census, to cost $4,730, could result in as much as $50,000 addition revenue per year.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of April 11, 1952

The weather the past week has continued spring-like with nice, warm days. A few of the nights have been sharp but not real cold. The snow continues to melt in the lower altitudes and the runoff is pretty steady.

The annual Easter Egg Hunt, sponsored by Beta Sigma Phi sorority will be held Saturday, April 12. Every child from the age of one to twelve years of age is invited to participate.

The recently elected Town Board was sworn in on Monday night and started with their duties. They asked that the parents of the town not permit their children to play in the vicinity of the creeks and rivers while they are so high for this is an extremely dangerous practice.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of April 15, 1927

Fred Cotton, a senior of the Pagosa Springs High School, and Tommy Chambers, member of the Seventh grade of the Little Blanco School, are first prize winners in the Forest Week Essay contest for High and Grammar School students of Archuleta County.

With so many cases of diptheria in the lower part of the county, it behooves all to be on their guard and avail themselves of the anti-toxin, so easily administered and so effective as a preventative from the dread and fatal disease.

Dr. A.J. Nossaman will arrive home tonight from Denver, where he has been making a recovery from a very severe abdominal operation. His friends and family are greatly elated over his speedy improvement.

91 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era of April 7, 1911

Dr. Lacy will leave on April 10 for Bayfield and Allison to be absent about two months. All those intending to or needing to have dental work done should see her before her departure.

There being only one ticket in the field, Tuesday's election was without the excitement that usually characterizes the day in Pagosa. There were an even one hundred tickets voted.

The school entertainment given at Hatcher's Hall last Friday evening by the pupils of the lower grades was the best one of its kind in Pagosa Springs. Each youngster showed remarkable aptness and reflected much credit on the training skill of their teachers, who made the affair a big success in every way.

Inside The Sun

April 11, 2002

Feature Story

Finding Family

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Genealogy society members provide time, resources to help others find family

It's family. The chain of genetic code connecting who we are with who we were.

For some, the search to connect the links of genealogy ancestor to ancestor becomes a hobby. They may spend hours of travel and years paging through volume after volume of scattered records to construct a family tree.

The task can seem awesome. But the basics, the keys to starting the search, can quite possibly be found right here in Archuleta County. On South 8th Street. In the back righthand corner of the Sisson Library. Part of two bookcases there are dedicated to genealogy - the account or history of the descent of a person, family or group from an ancestor or ancestors.

It's reported to be among the largest collections of genealogical information in the Four Corners, added to annually through dues paid by members of the Archuleta County Genealogical Society.

The group is a nonprofit, started in 1978 by cofounders Ann Oldham, Edna Smith and Peggy Cooper. The first officers included: Oldham, president; Hazel Nossaman, vice president; secretary Cooper; and treasurer Ruby Sisson.

Over the past 22 years, members have worked to build a collection of resources that contains national, state and local information. None of the resources are for check-out, but people are welcome to browse. They have filed obituaries, births and marriages garnered from the SUN alphabetically. They have magazines, indexes and guides covering Native American records and individual states, even books on the Mayflower Descendants. CD rom sources have been a more recent addition.

"Our main objective," Peggy Shipman, the current president said, pointing to the bylaws, "is to collect, preserve and share knowledge and information connected with genealogical, historical information." Along with that, the group promotes accurate research and documentation in the field.

Most, if not all of these volunteers are originally from outside the area. They expand the collection for others, those traveling through with a faded picture, or a name, or the hint of a name.

They answer letters, one of which even came from a prison in Sacramento. They meet with those stuck in the search. And they share the genealogy bug themselves.

"You should always start with you, and start with your parents and work back from there," Shipman said. She can trace one family line back to the 1700s. Get information documented from first-hand sources whenever possible, and don't just believe Great Aunt so-and-so no matter how good the cookies are, she added. Having provable documentation helps insure the search takes off in the right direction saving time and energy.

After that, said Harold Morrison, a longtime member of the Society, try the census records. These date back to 1790. However, Morrison said, 1850 forward has proven the most useful. He has uncovered one family member who lived in the 1700s, dying in 1751.

His wife, Wilma, who can trace her family back to the 1500s with the help of another family genealogist, has had better luck with the earlier census records.

"To me one of the biggest warnings to a new genealogist is to watch for any way the name could be spelled," Wilma said. "I wasted years skipping over names because it wasn't the way I spelled it."

Once specifics are generated, all three recommended going to the genealogical handbook, a red book that lists state and county records available nationwide, and contact information.

After that, it's a matter of a lot of patience, time and a little luck.

To get the business of the group done, the Society meets on the second Sunday of every month. Many are retired and numbers increase in the summer. Besides Shipman, the officers include vice president Kari Montegriff, treasurer Paige Wiersma and secretary Sheri Lee.

Right now, the group is working to update a book they published several years ago on area cemeteries, including Hilltop Cemetery. Their next meeting is Sunday. The guest speaker is Bob Outerbridge, who will discuss land records, another source for genealogical research.

Research time begins at 1 p.m. The speaker is at 2 p.m., and a short business meeting wil be held at 3 p.m. Participants can enter through the west door.

Hearing Monday on Fort Lewis independence bill

Rep. Larson's Report

The bill that will allow Fort Lewis College to become an independent institution of higher education is drafted and has been introduced. HB02-1419, "Concerning Fort Lewis College," will be heard in the House Education Committee April 15, at 1:30 p.m. This bill is the result of a lot of hard work and cooperation between faculty, administration, staff, alumni, the foundation, and the Colorado State University administration, especially Dr. Yates. Colorado Department of Higher Education Executive Director Tim Foster has been a tremendous resource and has moderated the meetings and provided staff time and support.

A working group was established about a month ago after the meetings at Fort Lewis College and Durango High School that State Agriculture Board member Ron Pettigrew and I requested demonstrated fairly clearly that the community supported the college breaking away from the Colorado State University system after a long and mutually beneficial relationship.

The community recognizes the implications that several changes within the higher education arena will probably have on our excellent college. With the University of Southern Colorado becoming CSU - Pueblo and with Metro State College separating from the State College System, Fort Lewis College needed to decide where it would like to be now and in the future. Worries of lost autonomy given the CSU - Pueblo shift are very real. Dr. Yates has been incredibly up front and candid about the eminent change dynamic in the CSU system resulting from the CSU - Pueblo transition. The huge hole that will remain in the State College System with the exit of Metro State bodes of significant changes within that system as well. FLC would not fit will within that structure. So, the time is right, according to the working group, for Fort Lewis College to chart its own course and continue to build on its prominence as a premier liberal arts college.

The working group began by crafting a memorandum of understanding on issues that the participants felt were critical needs to be addressed in legislation. The role and mission of Fort Lewis College will remain similar in terms of offerings but with a new designation of Regional Education Provider. This designation basically says that Southwestern Colorado has varying and divergent higher education needs that need to be constantly reviewed and coordinated to assure that the needs of our region are being met and to assure consistent and comprehensive delivery resulting in ease of access for everyone regardless of whether or not they simply want enhanced computer training or are seeking a masters degree in education. It simply makes sense that one entity, guided by a governor-appointed board of trustees, should have that responsibility and eliminate the fractured, duplicative and turf-oriented structure that exists today.

Fellow Southwesterners would be proud to know how professional and task oriented the working group quickly became. They settled down to the business at hand and put aside all prejudices and grievances to genuinely work toward consensus regarding what is right for the school, for Southwestern Colorado, the faculty, CSU and most importantly, you, the citizens of our region. The give-and-take rapidly evolved into cooperative problem solving. It is incredible to experience such an event and to watch such a diverse and talented group pool their collective resources to reach a common goal. And as a result, we now have a bill and are moving forward.

While there are several issues that have already been agreed upon in concept but need to be fine tuned, one unresolved issue surfaced late this week. The working group opted to allow FLC to have the two year community college authority for our region to assure coordination on standards, transferability of credits, and a host of other issues. The board of trustees would probably opt then to broker the two-year delivery out to a recognized community college, possibly Pueblo Community College, the institution that has been doing a fine job for several years. However, the community college system does not want FLC to have that authority. The discussion on this last remaining conflict will center around who best can determine the needs of our region, the new FLC board of trustees or the community college system.

In my mind, that is the whole point of independence.

Oil-gas royalty bill leads unfinished business

Sen. Isgar's Report

With just about a month left in the session, there seems to be more than a month's worth of work to pack into that time. A few of these pieces of unfinished business will directly affect Southwestern Colorado.

First, of course, is Senate Bill 141, the infamous oil and gas royalty bill. This was one that drew heated debate in the Senate and is now back in a different form after its trip to the House. As currently written, the bill would set up a task force to study the issue to come up with a compromise solution. As you will remember, this is the bill that would change last year's Supreme Court ruling that was favorable to royalty owners back to a more profitable situation for oil and gas companies. I will keep my eye on this bill to make sure that, in fact, the House version with the summer study group task is passed by the Senate. One never knows what shenanigans might alter this bill. Appointments to the study group are crucial and I will keep my eye on those as well.

Another bill Southwestern Colorado should be watching is the Fort Lewis College Independence Bill, which was introduced by its House sponsor, Rep. Mark Larson. I am the Senate sponsor. This legislation will separate Fort Lewis from the Colorado State University system. There is some discussion now about a provision that would give FLC the authority to offer two-year degrees, but I am confident this and other matters can be worked out in order to get Fort Lewis its independence.

Our budget woes, of course, continue. The short-term issue is to get the budget cut so we balance the books by June 30. Because we have many constitutional and legal requirements that we must fund, there are only a handful of places to cut the budget. My biggest concern is that higher education seems to top the list, which means it impacts us through Fort Lewis, Mesa State College at Montrose and the vocational-technical school as well as through our young adults who may face a tuition increase to replace any budget cuts. Beyond that, human service programs are also vulnerable and the people least able to afford to be cut will face cuts. This is just the wrong year and wrong phase of the business cycle to try to trade asphalt for people programs.

Chronic Wasting Disease has reared its ugly head on the Western Slope up by Craig. I fully support the DOW's efforts in destroying game to keep this devastating disease in check. I wish we had a way to examine these game animals without killing them to find out if they have chronic wasting disease. But, we don't.

I'm looking forward to talking about these and other issues at the town meeting with people in and around Durango Saturday, April 13, in the Durango City County Chambers from 10 a.m. - noon. We'll be scheduling similar meetings around the district over the few months.

Congratulations to Leona K. James of Montrose, who was approved by my Senate committee to serve as the local cities' and towns' representative on the Governmental Accounting Advisory Committee.

We visited with Fred Kroeger and Don Mapel who were up for the Colorado Forum meetings. They were both worried about our current drought and the potential fire hazards our lack of moisture threatens. Of course, they were also concerned for farmers and ranchers as well as everyone else in terms of water supplies. Please do not light fires; we just cannot afford to play with fire.

Democrats slate precinct caucuses April 23

By John M. Motter

Staff Writer

Precinct caucuses for the Archuleta County Democratic party will be conducted April 23 starting at 7 p.m.

"The Archuleta Democrats couldn't be more excited about the upcoming election cycle," said Burke K. Stancill, county party chairman. "We are rolling up our sleeves for a good, honest tussle starting with the precinct caucuses April 23, and we hope to celebrate the resurgence of our party right through November."

Following the precinct caucuses, the Democratic Party County Assembly will be conducted at 7 p.m. April 25 in the Extension building.

Precinct caucuses are where the action starts for candidates seeking party endorsement on the Aug. 13 primary ballot. Attending the precinct caucuses are Democrats living within precinct boundaries who registered as Democrats on or before Feb. 11. At the precinct caucuses, potential candidates for county office attempt to obtain commitments from delegates selected to attend the county assembly.

At the county assembly, delegates vote for candidates to be placed on the Aug. 13 Democratic primary ballot.

Each precinct caucus is conducted by a precinct chairperson.

Following is a list of precincts, caucus locations, precinct captains, and the captain's telephone numbers.

Precinct 1 - The Precinct 1 co-captains are Chrissy Karas, 264-6026, and Mary Madore, 264-6768. The Precinct 1 caucus will be held at the Senior Center on South 8th Street.

Precinct 2 - Precinct 2 captains are Biz and Mike Greene, 264-5181. The Precinct 2 caucus will also be held at the Senior Center.

Precinct 3 - The Precinct 3 co-captains are Pauline Benetti, 264-5232, and Ginny and Ben Douglas, 264-5299. The Precinct 3 caucus will be held at Pagosa Springs Town Hall.

Precinct 4 - Precinct 4 captains are Mitch and Bill Appenzeller, 883-5511. The Precinct 4 caucus will be held at the Appenzeller house in Arboles.

Precinct 5 - The Precinct 5 captains are Dan and Juanalee Park, 731-5653. The Precinct 5 caucus will be held at the Elk Park Clubhouse.

Precinct 6 - Precinct 6 captains are Glenn and Lynda Van Patter, 731-4795. The Precinct 6 caucus will be held at the Pagosa Lakes Community Center.

Precinct 7 - The Precinct 7 captain is Dave Swindells, 731-2554. The Precinct 7 caucus will be conducted at Mountain Heights Baptist Church.

Precinct 8 - Precinct 8 captains are Don and Barbara Jacobs, 731-9271. The Precinct 8 caucus will be held at the Senior Center.

The members of the Democratic Party Archuleta County Central Committee are: Chairman - Burke Stancill; co-chairman John Eustis; vice chair for protocol and statutes - Victoria Appenzeller; vice chair for voter registration and recruitment - Julie Blanchard; vice chair for special events and fund-raisers - Henry and Norma Buslepp; treasurer - Kirstan Skeehan; secretary - Kerry Dermody.

League sets April 30 forum on special district issues

By Melanie Kelley

Special to The SUN

Three special districts will hold elections May 7. To help voters of Archuleta County make informed decisions about these elections, the League of Women Voters will hold an election forum April 30 at the county Extension building.

At 6:30 p.m. there will be an opportunity to meet candidates over coffee and cookies. At 7 p.m. there will be candidate and bond issue presentations followed by a question and answer period.

There are 14 candidates running for a total of 10 positions on the three special district boards.

The hospital district has seven candidates - Martha Garcia, Kathleen (Kay) Grams, Charles Hawkins, Susan Kleckner, Pamela Lynd, Patty Tillerson, Susan Walan and Wayne Wilson - running for five seats. Hospital district directors serve four-year terms and are unpaid. After the election, one of the five directors will be appointed to serve out the remaining two years of a term, rather than the full four years.

The fire protection district has four candidates - Ron Maez, Dusty Pierce, Richard Sutkin and Terry Windnagel - running for three positions on its board. Fire district board members serve four-year terms and are also unpaid.

Lastly, the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District has three candidates running for two director positions. PAWS directors generally serve for four years and are paid $75 per meeting with a maximum of $1,200 annually.

In addition to the candidates, there are two bond issues to be voted upon May 7.

The Pagosa Fire Protection District is asking voters to approve a $2.8 million bond for vehicle purchases ($1.6 million), maintenance and upgrades to its fire stations ($730,000), construction of a live fire training center ($175,000), equipment and communications ($122,000) and a contingency fund ($151,000).

PAWS District 1 voters are being asked to approve a $5 million bond issue that will be used primarily to expand the Vista wastewater treatment plant ($3.5 million). The balance will be used for several different lagoon projects and improvements to the collection system.

In order to vote in the May 7 election, you must be a Colorado elector who resides or owns property in the special districts. The deadline for registration for the special district elections was April 8. Only PAWS District 1 registered voters, those who receive both water and sewer services from PAWS, will be allowed to vote on the bond issue and the board candidates. PAWS District 2 voters, those who only receive water from PAWS, will be allowed to vote only for the board candidates.

Residents may vote in all special district candidates and bond questions, if eligible, either in person on May 7 at the EMS building, 189 N. Pagosa Boulevard, or by absentee ballot. If you need to vote by absentee ballot, you may telephone for your ballot application or apply in person at each of the three districts' offices: hospital district at 189 N. Pagosa Boulevard; fire district at 191 N. Pagosa Boulevard; PAWS at 100 Lyn Ave.

Absentee ballots may be obtained through the Friday prior to the elections, May 3. Absentee ballots must be received by the close of polls on May 7.

If you would like to meet the candidates and learn more about them and the bond issues, attend the League of Women Votes forum April 30. This is a public meeting and the League invites all interested persons to attend.

Strickland outlines energy strategy

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Tom Strickland, a U.S. Senate candidate in Colorado, stopped for an afternoon chat with local residents April 4 as part of his ongoing "Conversation with Colorado" tour.

Over the week, Strickland talked with citizens in 14 communities in the southwestern part of the state, holding forums to discuss the rising cost of health care and prescription drugs, energy policy, jobs, transportation, education and the Farm Bill.

"This is what the race should really be about, talking to the people," he said.

Strickland, 49, is a former U.S. Attorney for Colorado. From 1985-89, he served as a member and later chairman of the Colorado Transportation Commission, overseeing a $500 million annual budget to improve the state's highway system. From 1989-91, he served as chairman of the Metropolitan Transportation Development Commission and remains a strong supporter of mass transit development. He lives in Denver with his wife and family.

In Pagosa Springs, he spoke about transportation, health care, Social Security and energy issues among other things.

Strickland has proposed a four-pronged energy strategy to include "expanding the domestic production of oil and natural gas, increasing the efficiency of the transportation sector, improving the efficiency of the overall energy system and promoting the use of renewable and alternative energies."

With the National Renewable Energy Laboratory already in the state, and the level of natural resources available here, he said, Colorado is well-positioned to become the "silicon valley" of the energy economy, helping pave the way to a more balanced approach.

Currently, he said, the United States is the largest consumer of oil in the world, using about 19 million barrels a day. Added to that, it is a declining oil producer, dependent on foreign production for 56 percent of its supply. That, he said, is something that can't be changed by simply increasing production.

Opening up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is not a solution, Strickland said. The environmental impact there far outweighs the benefit of the small amount of oil that could be withdrawn. He does support tax credits for energy efficiency in homes and automobiles.

Strickland said he supports campaign finance reform, including the recently approved McCain-Feingold Bill. As for Social Security, he is opposed to privatization of the accounts, maintaining that Social Security is supposed to be an insurance policy, not an investment policy. To secure its future, Strickland said Congress needs to focus on its long-term fiscal responsibility, control the debt and avoid borrowing from money set aside for Social Security.

Planning for entrances to town dominates trustees attention

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

Planning for development on both ends of town took a front seat at the April Pagosa Springs Board of Trustees meeting.

Trustees approved a draft of zoning regulations for a new designation on East U.S. 160, and the preliminary review of the Timber Ridge Commercial Center, a 49-acre subdivision along West U.S. 160. Both approvals included one or more conditions.

Town Planner Chris Bentley presented the draft of the proposed D-5 zone, labeled East Corridor Commercial. The purpose of this zone, is to "provide low-impact commercial uses, primarily tourist-related, and minor residential development opportunities within the east Highway 160 corridor, while preserving visual access to the San Juan River Corridor and surrounding undeveloped mountain landscapes," according to the draft.

Bentley said the D-5 designation is being developed specifically to provide guidelines for three properties east of town and on the north side of the highway, annexed in January. The designation includes a review process similar to the D-4 zone developed for land along the highway west of town, but has a somewhat different focus.

On the west side of town, the zoning requires internally focused developments in an attempt to avoid a series of strip malls. In the area planned for the new D-5 zone, topography along the river limits the amount of usable land too much for that restriction.

Allowed uses in the new zone would include all types of lodging, retail stores, theaters, recreational uses, schools, restaurants and some residences. Specific requirements for landscaping, screening, pedestrian uses, lighting, drainage and open space are all part of the D-5 guidelines.

Increased sign restrictions are being debated. In the draft, the maximum sign height is 15 feet, 10 feet lower than in other areas of town. Maximum allowable area for signs has also been reduced. Bentley said those numbers are flexible and could change depending on a report from the Colorado Department of Transportation regarding a possible reduction of the speed limit east of downtown. The lower speed limit would make smaller signs easier for drivers to see.

The town planning staff is also currently working to rewrite the town's overall sign ordinance which could eliminate the need for different standards in the zones themselves.

The board approved the draft with the conditions that setback requirements and a CDOT study on traffic continue to be discussed. A final draft of the D-5 guidelines is set to go before the Pagosa Springs Planning Commission for a recommendation April 16. The meeting starts at 5 p.m. at Town Hall.

Commercial Center

The Timber Ridge Commercial Center plan received preliminary approval from the town board with the condition that access and site concerns be successfully mitigated prior to presenting a final plan.

The commercial center would be located east of Alpha Drive on the south side of West U.S. 160 across from the golf course. Plans show the 49 acres subdivided into 20 lots ranging from 0.7 to 2.0 acres, three larger parcels of 4-5 acres and 9.2 acres of open space in a two-phase process.

Mark Garcia, town building administrator, reported that several citizens commented at the planning commission meeting in March. Access to Alpha Drive was the primary concern.

A long-term state access management plan for U.S. 160 through Pagosa Springs, covering the highway from Vista Boulevard to 8th Street in cooperation with CDOT has been in the works for at least two years. It is slated for completion later this summer, following a series of public hearings in late May or June, Garcia said. That document will be the deciding factor regarding access.

The planning commission encouraged the developer to work with surrounding landowners regarding screening and landscaping concerns.

San Juan snowpack lowest in 25 years

By John M. Motter

Staff Writer

Water managers in this part of the state could be in for a long, dry summer according to a report released by the USDA Natural Resource Conservation Center in Denver.

Snowpacks in the mountains of Colorado are only 52 percent of average, the lowest in 25 years, according to the NRCC report. The San Juan Mountain snowpack is the lowest in the state, the report continued.

March was the seventh consecutive month during which snowfall or precipitation were below average across the state.

By April 1 during most years, nearly 100 percent of seasonal accumulation rests on the mountains. Given the low levels available April 1, there seems little hope for substantial improvement this year.

The lowest snowpack percentages in the state, 34 percent, occur across the San Juan Mountains. In the statewide report, the San Juan area is divided among the San Miguel, Dolores, Animas, and San Juan river basins. The 34 percent of average snowpack reading is an average of all of the basins lumped together.

A look at the San Juan Basin presents an even more dismal picture. Snowpack measurements are only 27 percent of average in the San Juan Basin.

If the warm weather and lack of snowfall continue, many of the measuring sites may melt out as much as 60 days ahead of the normal melt-out time, according to the report. Precipitation during March was only 53 percent of average. The water year total is only 49 percent of average. Reservoirs in the basin have a combined storage level of 77 percent of average.

The forecasted runoff volume for all rivers in the San Juan Basin is less than 50 percent of average.

By month since last October, precipitation in the San Juans as a percentage of average has been: October - 41 percent; November - 91 percent; December - 57 percent; January - 23 percent; February - 24 percent; and March - 53 percent.

Little relief is in sight during the coming week, according to Doug Baugh, a forecaster with the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction.

A chance for showers and thunderstorms appears Monday and Tuesday of next week, according to Baugh. Except for the Monday and Tuesday forecast, weather conditions this coming week will largely resemble weather conditions during the past week.

We will experience a series of frequent, but weak, systems moving in from the west coast, according to Baugh. The storms contain no pronounced highs or lows. Daily high temperatures range between 65 and 75 degrees. Daily lows range between 25 and 40 degrees.

High temperatures last week ranged between 59 and 69 degrees with an average high temperature of 64 degrees. Low temperatures last week ranged between 22 and 27 degrees with an average low reading of 25 degrees. No measurable moisture was detected. Local weather measurements are made at the official National Weather Service facility located at Stevens Field.

County upgrading Coyote Park Road

By John M. Motter

Staff Writer

Upgrading a portion of Coyote Park Road is one of the major projects on the county road and bridge agenda this spring.

Commissioners approved a $89,590 contract Tuesday to purchase 12,948 yards of gravel for use on about seven miles of the road stretching from the bridge at Edith northward. The bid was awarded to Dennis Walker of Denco of Pagosa, LLC, whose gravel pit is located near Chromo.

Money for the project will be taken from the Road Capital Improvement Fund, which started the year with a beginning fund balance of $2.2 million, anticipated revenues of $1.3 million, and anticipated expenditures of $2 million.

Also known as CR 359, Coyote Park Road traverses the open area in the south central part of the county in a north-south direction. On the north, Coyote Park Road connects with U.S. 84, on the south it is joined at the Edith bridge by CR 391 which parallels the Navajo River to Edith. CR 359 continues south of the Edith bridge to the New Mexico state line and on to Lumberton. Much of the road follows the same route as the old stagecoaches between Lumberton, Amargo and Pagosa Springs.

Meanwhile, the annual county magnesium chloride application program starts approximately May 6. Most nonpaved roads in the county are treated with magnesium chloride at least once a year as a dust abatement measure. Magnesium chloride also helps nonpaved road surfaces retain form. Magnesium chloride application this year will start in the Arboles area.

In other business Tuesday, the commissioners:

Approved the expenditure of about $7,000 for a telephone and data system to be used in connection with county senior citizen, transportation, and nutrition offices located in the new community center on Hot Springs Boulevard

Decided to retain Fred Harman III as a part-time employee rather than as a contractor. Harman is the county communications expert, especially in connection with the sheriff's department communication needs

Appointed Julie Jessen to the Transit Advisory Board, replacing Jay Harrington

Approved hiring an outside attorney to assist the county treasurer in dealing with a public trustee land sale matter. County Attorney Mary Weiss said personal outside business commitments compromised her from acting on behalf of the treasurer in this instance. Weiss estimated the cost at less than $1,000

At the request of Amy Hill, approved a proclamation denoting April 14 through 20 as The Week of the Young Child

Approved renewal of a restaurant/hotel liquor license for the Lone Star Cattle Company

Postponed action on adoption of revised land use regulations because Commissioner Gene Crabtree was not present due to medical reasons. Chairman of the Board Bill Downey said he preferred that all commissioners be present for such an important decision. At the same time and for the same reason, action was postponed on proposed fees connected with land use regulations

Variances were approved for the Crowley Ranch Reserve Subdivision Phase IV allowing narrow roads and grades in excess of the 8-percent limit.

Variances were allowed for the Colorado Timber Ridge Phase IV Subdivision allowing cul de sacs in specific instances

Approved a resolution reducing the minimum frost depth requirements for certain construction purposes to 32 inches in Arboles. The minimum frost depth in the remainder of the county is 42 inches.

Need rain? You might want to call - Albert Schnell

By John M. Motter

Staff Writer

Albert Schnell is a rainmaker. So what? Who is Albert Schnell?

If you're an old-timer in Pagosa Springs you probably know Albert Schnell and his family. During the early 1970s, the Schnells ran a restaurant in the then-Spring Inn serving wonderful, down-home Swiss cooking. Pagosans flocked inside to enjoy the wonders of Elsbeth's culinary artistry.

Many know Elsbeth, Al's wife and the mother of Jean and Elizabeth, the now-grown Schnell children. Elsbeth worked for years behind the counter at Jackisch Drug, for Ralph Eaton, and for Fairfield Pagosa. Many remember attending public school with Jean and Elizabeth.

Still more Pagosans have noticed the smart-stepping, balding, but always smiling Al on his daily mission to the post office. Al is a man who takes time to exchange pleasantries with friends.

Those who know Albert well also know he is a rainmaker. So what? So what is this: there are only a couple of hundred or so rainmakers in the entire world. Albert is one of a chosen few, a member of the elite.

So how does one become a rainmaker? How does a rainmaker live?

It is a good bet that, when Al was born in Northern Germany Aug. 9, 1926, his parents had no clue their newly-born son would become a rainmaker. After all, no one knew at that time that mankind would learn to influence rainfall. A lot of things were unknown in 1926, especially the fact that soon a gigantic catastrophe called World War II would turn civilization upside down.

Nevertheless, young men from all over the world found themselves marching off to war. The young Al did not escape his fate. From 1943 into 1945, Al served in the German Air Force, first as a Messerschmidt fighter pilot and then as pilot of a Red Cross Yonkers transport, all on the eastern front.

Following the war, Al finished business college by 1950, then accepted employment helping manage a multi-product plantation in Peru.

"My job was to reorganize the old-style bookkeeping to make for better business management," Al said.

"After I'd been there about a year, at about 11 one evening the main owner called me over to his house," Al recalls. "He asked me to go the next day with a group of Americans into the back lands on the west side of the Andes. Because I spoke Spanish and some English I acted as interpreter. When I asked why they came, they said they'd come to initiate a program to get more rain from the clouds. I laughed and they said they'd discovered how to do it four years earlier in the United States."

The owner agreed to work with the American scientists after approving a four-year test program. Al was assigned to work with the rain program in addition to his other duties. The first phase of the program started in 1950 and lasted through 1955.

"After I worked a few years, I had learned so much I was directing the whole program," Al said.

The program involved 32 ground-based, silver iodide particle generators influencing rainfall in three river valleys. A portable generator was added later. In addition, observation and testing was conducted from a DC-3.

Al stayed with the Peruvian program 20 years.

"We increased irrigated acreage by 68 percent," Al said, "and almost doubled the agricultural output of the plantation."

While on vacation in Switzerland during 1961, Al met Elsbeth Naegeli. Al does not admit to being smitten, but actions often speak louder than words. Al refused to leave Switzerland until receiving clearance to take his new wife, Liz, with him. It all happened during an August vacation in Switzerland: meet Liz, get married, get a passport, and return to Peru.

Jean and Elizabeth were born in Peru before the roof caved in when the Peruvian government nationalized all industry, including the plantation where Al was employed.

Because he had promised to help with a research project being conducted by Dr. Louis Grant of the Atmospheric Science Department at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, the Schnells moved to Colorado.

About a year later, the Fort Collins project completed, Al caught on with Larry Hjermistad of Western Weather Consultants. Hjermistad was in charge of a cloud seeding project in the San Juan Mountains.

The Schnells moved to Pagosa Springs in 1971 where Al worked on the San Juan project until 1975.

"Two of those winters, more than 800 inches of snow fell on Wolf Creek Pass," Al said. When the San Juan project ended, the Schnells were unemployed once again. That is the winter they ran the restaurant.

Then Al began traveling, seeding clouds over Georgia, California, North Dakota, Montana and Florida. Meanwhile, in 1977, Al and Liz became naturalized citizens of the United States.

In 1979, Al undertook a seeding project on Grand Canary Island. Over the next few years, the cloud seeding project succeeded in filling reservoirs and restoring runoff on the island.

Five years ago, Al became involved with rainmaking over the Texas Panhandle, a project designed to supply municipal water, help agriculture, and restore the Oglalla underground reservoir.

"In Texas about 55 million acres are being seeded year around," Al said, "all of the way from the Panhandle to Laredo."

Today, the Schnell children are raised and Liz and Al contemplate retirement, a visit with family in Europe, and traveling around the home place.

And maybe, just maybe, Al will have time to recall the journey from Northern Germany to Southern Colorado, from fighter pilot to rainmaker.

"When I was in Peru, Dr. Howard arranged for me to come to the United States and take university programs," Schnell recalls. "I learned the basics at New York University in Albany. They showed me the first basic experiment.

"Do you want to know how they discovered the way to make rain?" Al asked. "It was an accident you know."

According to Schnell, scientists made the discovery in 1946 while testing gas mask material at a General Electric Schenectady plant. They were testing the materials in a cooling chamber. In an attempt to further cool the chamber, they passed a chunk of dry ice back and forth. A piece of the dry ice fell off, causing the vapor to break up into ice particles.

"I learned cloud seeding from Dr. Vincent Shaffer and Dr. Bernard Vonnegut," Schnell said, "both with the General Electric Research Center. I also learned a lot from Dr. Wally Howard, director of the Mount Washington Observatory in New Hampshire."

Schnell talks easily about different cloud seeding materials and techniques, about cloud structure, and the temperatures and relative humidities within clouds.

Cloud seeding sounds easy, while Al explains it. As Al teaches, one recognizes that the conditions for rain already have to exist. A rainmaker can't work with a clear sky. It's all about turning small water particles into larger, useful particles. The small particles evaporate before they hit the ground. The large particles grow large as they fall, gaining weight by colliding with and collecting other particles. And, they reach the ground.

Substances used to induce rain include silver iodide, various salts, and one of Al's favorites, hygroscopic collectors. The choice of what to use is a complex one. Before the decision is made, a thorough study is made of climatic conditions bearing on the area where more rain is wanted. Clouds, relative humidity, and temperatures at various elevations are plotted. Finally, a decision is made whether to use ground-based injectors, or aircraft.

"Every project is long term," Al said. "There are no instant cures."

Still, there is no doubt after a talk with Al, that cloud seeding works. After all, Al is a rainmaker.


April 11, 2002

Good civic groups

Dear Editor:

With respect to the "For the record" item in last week's SUN, there are many ways that people give politics a bad name.

One of them is by confusing legitimate criticism of an incumbent's position on issues and his voting record with " ... devious and underhanded political shenanigans ..." Another is to accuse dedicated individuals in the community, who work very hard to improve county government, with trying to "fix" the election.

Several decent, civic-minded groups have formed over the past few years out of a conviction that the Board of County Commissioners is not attuned to the current needs of the county.

Shaming those groups anonymously, without providing any evidence of their alleged misdeeds, is a curious way to improve the reputation of politics or, for that matter, to promote a vigorous two-party system in the county.

I believe Teddy Roosevelt would have felt pretty much the same way.


Gene Cortright

Public roads

Dear Editor:

John Motter's article in the April 4 SUN erroneously indicated that the roads in Pagosa Lakes development are under the "jurisdiction of the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association." That is not the case.

Roads in Pagosa Lakes are "public highways" as specified by state statutes (CRS 43-2-201(1)(a)) and as such are under the jurisdiction of the county.

All road rights-of-way in the Pagosa Lakes subdivision were dedicated to the public on each recorded plat and those plats with their dedications were duly accepted by the county commissioners. Accordingly, under the statute, the roads are public property. PLPOA has no jurisdiction over the roads nor authority to expend property owners' funds on public property. Accordingly, PLPOA could not agree to pay for magnesium chloride dust abatement application on Pagosa Lakes roads.

As with other maintenance of "public highways," dust abatement is a county responsibility.

A concerned citizen,

Fred A. Ebeling

A look at Tabor

Dear Editor:

What is Tabor? It is the Taxpayers Bill of Rights, an amendment to the Colorado Constitution, placed on the ballot by citizens initiative and approved by over 54 percent of state voters. It placed into the Constitution previously enacted statutory requirements for voter approval of new or increased taxes, bond issues and debt increases. Those requirements have been on the books for decades, reaching back into the 1800s. Now, in the Constitution, they cannot be voided or changed except by statewide voter approval.

Tabor places no limit on the amount of taxes that can be raised with voter approval, at any level of Colorado government. It does, however, place limits on governmental spending, with allowances for inflation and state or local growth. Allowable fiscal year spending equals the sum of the previous fiscal year spending plus a percentage equal to inflation in the previous calendar year plus a percentage equal to annual growth, adjusted for voter approved revenue changes. New or increased taxes, approved by voters, automatically raise the allowable spending by the approved amount. Revenue collected above the spending limits is required to be refunded, in the next fiscal year, unless voters approve retention of the excess each fiscal year.

Tabor, instituted democratically by state voters, does not indicate or specify which governmental services or programs will or will not be funded nor by what amount they will be funded. It places no restriction on the allocation or dispensing of funds. It simply places a limit on the total amount that can be dispensed, without additional voter approval. Tabor allows taxpayers to decide if and when and for what they will be willing to pay more taxes.

Tabor is not wrong - it is good for taxpayers and is leading toward more efficient government, both local and state.


F.T. Havens


Defeat Arafat

Dear Editor:

There is one "mechanism" left to enable the Israelis and Palestinians to get themselves out of the current cycle of violence. One of the parties has to be defeated. Specifically, Yasser Arafat.

Since December, Hamas and other groups have intensified their war against the Jewish State by unleashing suicide bombers against innocent civilians. These are terrorist acts. These are the same kind of acts that we are responding to in Afghanistan. If we are serious about ridding the world of terrorism, that includes Palestinian terrorism.

Recently, when President Bush demanded justice, Arafat responded that he needed time to figure out who the culprits are and find them. Hello? We're supposed to believe that Arafat didn't know who did it? When he was caught bringing in a ship loaded with 50 tons of weapons from Iran?

One thing is certain. If your response to terrorism is to treat both parties as moral equals, if your response Whereas, children are our most precious resource and our hope for the future; and is to insist that Israel show restraint, and if your response is to propose a Palestinian state, the result is going to be more terrorism. If you reward it, that's what you're going to get. And rewarding terrorism is what you do when you call for a Palestinian state.

It can be said, "But Israel has been involved in four wars and they defeated all four of their opponents and there still isn't peace." Valid point, but one must remember the Israelis were not allowed to actually defeat their enemy. Their enemies were still standing. Egypt is still Egypt. Syria, Lebanon and Jordan are still intact. All with the same people who launched attacks against Israel.

Since when do you get to start wars, lose them and then demand your land back, only to prepare for war another day. That's exactly what the Palestinians are doing. Do the Mexicans have a claim to California and Texas and other parts of the West and Southwest? They were Mexican before they were part of the United States. You could go on and on, domestically and around the world with such examples.

Somehow, Israel's enemies have convinced the world, including the U.S., that her borders and security are not only legitimate subjects of constant negotiations, but that Israel's refusal to accept her enemies' demands is an obstacle to peace.

At what point do we finally decide that a nation is legitimate, that its borders are to be recognized and accepted? With Israel, I fear, the answer too often is - never. And that is unjust. One of these two sides will have to be defeated, to the point that it does not exist as we currently know it. There will be no peace in the Middle East any other way. Not as the result of negotiations, words, peace initiatives, accords, or even multiple shared settlements. It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated. Arafat and Hamas are not, and cannot be, a partner for peace with anyone.

Jim Sawicki


Whereas, children are dependent upon caring and nurturing adults to help them grow and develop in positive directions; and

Whereas, there are 1 million confirmed cases of child abuse and neglect annually and the rate of child abuse is 10 times the rate of cancer in children; and

Whereas, each one of these young, innocent victims of abuse will carry the scars of such trauma for life; and

Whereas, child abuse costs our society in loss of human and business productivity; and

Whereas, child abuse is a serious community issue that occurs in every neighborhood in America and preventing child abuse depends upon the involvement and cooperation of all people and organizations within the state of Colorado; and

Whereas, all citizens must work to prevent child abuse within their community by becoming aware of the problem of child abuse and its negative impacts, by working to protect children, and by giving parents the support they need to raise their children in a safe, nurturing environment; and

Whereas, programs aimed at ending child abuse and neglect need support from all Coloradans; and

Whereas, by providing a safe and nurturing environment for our child, free of violence, abuse and neglect, we will ensure that the children of our state will grow to full potential and will develop into contributing citizens of tomorrow;

Now therefore, I, Ross Aragon, the Mayor of Pagosa Springs, Colorado, resolve April 2002 as Child Abuse Prevention Month.

Sports Page

April 11, 2002

Track and Field

Improving Pirate track team second at Bloomfield

By Tess Noel Baker

Staff Writer

They might have been nervous in the beginning. At the Bloomfield Twilight Track Meet Friday some of the Pirates, including upperclassmen, faced their first-ever track competition.

But Pagosa prevailed in the end, sweeping first- through fourth-place in one event and bringing home a second-place team trophy in the boys' competition.

Leadership by some of the returning runners helped boost confidence, head coach Connie O'Donnell said. Successes early in the day motivated later runners, pushing the team to a 69-point finish that topped both Ignacio and Bayfield. Aztec finished first in the team event.

Junior Jason Schutz brought home two of Pagosa's three first-place finishes, sweeping the competition in both the 200- and 400-meter dashes. In the 200, he crossed the line in 23.04 seconds, breaking a Pagosa Springs school record set in 1993. He won the 400 in 52.96.

Prior to spring break, Schutz broke the school record in the discus with a throw of 147 feet, 11 inches at the Bloomfield Relays. In Friday's competition, he placed second in the same event with a throw of 144-2. Schutz also placed second as a member of the 800-meter relay team, running with juniors Ryan Wendt and Brandon Charles, and, freshman Paul Armijo. The team finished the race in 1 minute 39.15 seconds.

Sophomore Aaron Hamilton scored the team's other first-place finish with a winning run in the 800. He led a pack of four teammates in the race, winning in 2:17.5. Sophomore Brandon Samples closed for second with a time of 2:19.2, junior Cliff Hockett finished third in 2:20.9, and junior Clayton Mastin claimed fourth in 2:23.9.

Samples helped bring home two more second-place finishes, capturing the runner-up spot in the mile with a time of 5:03.2, and as a member of the 1600 relay team. In the 1600, Samples competed with Hockett, Hamilton, and junior Jeremy Buikema to finish in 3:47.1.

Brian Hart, a junior and one of the team members competing at his first-ever track event, placed third in the 110 high hurdles, crossing the line in 17.65. He picked up a fifth place in the 300 hurdles, finishing in 46.28. O'Donnell said although Hart is new, he is constantly working to improve in practice and the dedication showed in competition.

Two fourth-place relay finishes wrapped up the day for the Pagosa boys. The 400 relay team of Wendt, junior Brandon Rosgen, Charles and Armijo finished in 48.34, and the 1600 medley relay team of Hart, freshman Otis Rand, sophomore Daniel Earley and Mastin crossed the line in 4:27.7.

Winning trophies is a new experience for the team, O'Donnell said. So much so that despite the successful day, Pagosa's tracksters trooped back to the bus to go home prior to the awards ceremony. Assistant coach Sean O'Donnell picked up the trophy.

"It was kind of fun to see him take the trophy to the boys on the bus," O'Donnell said.


The Pirates' girls squad had a less successful day, but gained some big-time experience, O'Donnell said. "They're running against girls that have been doing this for three years," the coach said. "I think they get discouraged, but I tell them their time will come."

Freshman Lori Walkup, just one of the possible future stars on a young team, claimed a fifth-place finish in the 100 hurdles with a time of 19.03.

In the 800 relay, the team of junior Katie Bliss, Walkup, freshman Brandie Whomble and junior Alex Rigia finished fourth in 2:05.9. The team of sophomore Amy Tautges, and freshmen Marlena Lungstrum, Heather McCauley and Janna Henry, captured a third in the medley relay, crossing the finish line in 5:13.4.


Pagosa scores 49 runs in twin bill rout of Centauri

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Centauri's baseball Falcons came into a doubleheader against Pagosa Saturday expecting to improve on their unbeaten record on their home field.

Nearly six hours later the reeling Falcons were on the short end of 25-4 and 24-8 scores and IML pennant hopes were fading with the cloud of dust blowing across the San Luis Valley.

The visiting Pagosa Springs Pirates seemed able to score at will, in bunches, and in every way imaginable.

Looking for examples?

Try these:

Ross Wagle, with Pagosa's leading on-base percentage - .810 going into the game - hiked that to an almost unbelievable .848 after the two games, reaching base on 11 of 12 appearances

Third baseman Lawren Lopez had 11 runs batted in in the two games, with a grand slam home run in the first contest and a prodigious drive that may have landed in Sanford in the second game

First baseman Ronnie Janowsky was on base four times in the first game, twice in the second and scored six runs for the day, recording four hits

Senior Darin Lister, hitting second in the lineup, scored five times in the first game and drove in six runs in the second

Designated hitter Dustin Spencer had two hits and scored three runs in the first game and walked and twice was hit by Centauri pitches in the second game

David Kern had four hits and was on base eight times, scoring six runs

Chris Young, playing both infield and outfield, had three hits and scored three runs

Sophomore catcher Ben Marshall, returning to the lineup for the first time since breaking a bone in his throwing hand five weeks ago, had two hits and scored two runs in game 2.

Combine that kind of offense with pitching which surprised even coach Tony Scarpa, and you have the makings of two victories.

Lister, opening the first game on the mound, faced only 11 batters in his three-inning stint, striking out seven of them, the last six in a row. His lone mistake was a hanging curve to Centauri's Craig Booth to open the second. Booth deposited the ball onto U.S. 285 beyond the left field fence.

Scarpa wanted to save his ace for Monday's doubleheader against Bayfield, so moved him to shortstop for the fourth inning.

Short a pair of players for the day, Scarpa opted to call in Lopez from third to handle the mound chores. It was the first trip to the hill in actual game competition - ever - for Lopez. A walk, a pair of errors by his defense and a solid double produced three Centauri runs in the inning.

But the Falcons already were down 15-1 after a 13-run Pagosa outburst as they sent 18 batters to the plate in the third. Lopez, Janowsky and second baseman Justin Caler paced the Pirate inning with two hits apiece.

After the third inning onslaught, the Pirates came right back with four more runs in the fourth, capped by Lopez' grand slam as the visitors again sent nine men to the plate.

Still not done, the Pirates paraded 10 to the plate in the fifth and tagged on six more runs on only two hits - singles by Robert Kern and Wagle - but five walks and a fielder's choice.

Lopez opened the bottom of the fifth with an error on a ground ball back to him, but his defense quickly bailed him out with a double play before Vicente Govea popped out for the final out and the mercy rule took effect.

For the Pirates, the line score reads 25 runs on 12 hits, 13 walks and eight Centauri errors. The win goes to Lister, boosting his record to 3-0 for the season.

Game two

The second game started as if Centauri intended to make amends for the first game disaster.

After the Pirates took a 1-0 lead in the top half of the first inning, with only one hit, Centauri plated four on five hits off Ross Wagle in the bottom of the frame.

Pagosa took the lead right back in the top of the second, scoring four runs on three hits, two walks, a stolen base and two wild pitches by Booth. The Pirates boosted that lead to 7-4 scoring two more in the third on only one hit. After Wagle hit the lead-off batter in Centauri's half of that inning, Lance Moeller homered to left and the Pagosa lead was cut to 7-6.

Then came the second Pagosa eruption for the day.

The Pirates scored 15 runs on nine hits in the fourth, again sending 18 men to the plate in the inning. Lister had a double and the second of his two triples for the game in the frame and Lopez had a single and the mammoth home run to left center. Janowsky was hit by a pitch and doubled. Marshall hit one over the fence in left for an apparent two-run homer, but was later ruled out at the plate for failure to touch it. David Kern had a single and double in the inning and Wagle capped it off with an inside the park home run to aid his own cause.

He set Centauri down in order in the fourth, again supported by a double play in the infield.

Pagosa came back in the fifth with two more runs built around a single by Chris Young and a double by Wagle.

While Centauri scored a pair on two hits and an error in the fifth, it was far from enough to prevent a mercy ruling end for the second time that day. The final, Pagosa 24, Centauri 8.

Pagosa's 24 runs came on 12 hits, eight Centauri walks, two stolen bases (by Lopez and Marcus Rivas), two balks called on Centauri pitchers, six Centauri wild pitches, three passed balls by Centauri catchers and five Pagosa batters hit by pitches.

One ironic twist is that prior to the games Scarpa was lamenting the fact his team arrived too late to get batting practice. Afterward, he was obviously satisfied with the efforts of his hitters.

Pirates' six-run seventh brings split with Bayfield

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

From a brilliant first game pitching duel to a second game both teams tried to give away, Monday's home opener for the Pagosa Springs Pirates had almost everything a died-in-the-wool baseball lover could want.

That it eventually resulted in a split for the day with the highly regarded Bayfield Wolverines was good news for both teams.

The first contest was a strategist's dream as both Darin Lister for Pagosa and Jeremy Sirios for Bayfield mowed down opposing batters, neither team able to mount a serious offensive threat until the sixth inning.

In fact, had it not been for two singles to left by Bayfield hitters in the second inning, both hurlers would have had no-hitters working into the fateful sixth.

Lister had retired the Wolverines in order in the first on a strikeout, a pop-up he handled himself and a ground ball right back to him.

In the Pirate half of the inning, Ross Wagle fanned but Lister drew a walk and went to second on a wild pitch. Ronnie Janowsky ripped a line shot toward left but Bayfield shortstop Sam McDonald leaped high to snare the drive and Lister stayed in scoring position for cleanup hitter Lawren Lopez.

But he, too, lined to the shortstop and the threat was erased.

Bayfield's second opened with a routine fly ball to left and a pop to Wagle at short. Then McDonald and first baseman Tim Smith each singled to left putting runners on first and second with two out.

Lister escaped the jam, striking out left fielder Jake Harrington. The ball got away from catcher Ben Marshall, but his throw to first was in time to retire the batter. The Pirates went meekly in the second on two infield outs and a walk to David Kern who was erased on a fielders' choice.

Bayfield went out as quickly in the third with Lister getting his second strikeout and retiring Matt Gonzales on a fly to center and Steven Qualls on a grounder to third. Thanks to two Bayfield errors, Pagosa had a chance in their half of the frame with runners on first and second with two out.

Sirios was up to the challenge, however, getting Janowsky on strikes to stop the threat.

An error by second baseman Justin Caler gave Bayfield a mild threat in the fourth but J.T. Cathcart grounded into a force out and Lister retired McDonald on a soft roller to first. Lopez opened Pagosa's fourth by drawing a walk, advanced to second when Marshall was safe on the third baseman's error, and then both runners moved up a bag on a balk call against Sirios.

The Pirates could not capitalize on the break. Sirios fanned Dustin Spencer and David Kern and then got Caler on a ground ball to short to end the threat.

The Bayfield fifth was another quickie. Smith grounded out short-to-first and Lister fanned both Jake Harrington and Jason Krueger. The Pirates went almost as meekly in their half. Jarrett Frank opened the frame with Pagosa's first hit, an infield single, but strayed too far from the bag on a routine fly ball to center by Wagle and was thrown out at first. Lister grounded to third to close the inning.

The lone run of the contest materialized in Bayfield's sixth. Gonzales opened it with a groundout to second. Qualls drew a pass from Lister, his only walk of the game, and stole second. Sirios came to his own cause with a single to center, Qualls scoring what would prove to be the game's lone marker. The next two batters were easy outs with flies to left and a pop-up to the catcher.

Pagosa's sixth was a quick three and out, Janowsky and Lopez fanning on six pitches, Marshall cut down on a grounder to third.

Janowsky dropped a throw to allow McDonald access to first in the seventh and he advanced to second on successive groundouts to Lister but died there when pinch hitter Eric Yarina popped to second.

Pagosa hoped to mount a threat in the bottom of the frame but it never materialized. Spencer struck out but Marcus Rivas, hitting for David Kern, got an infield single and the faint glimmer of hope sparkled momentarily.

But Sirios got Caler on a fly ball to center and then retired Frank on a grounder to second and the pitchers' duel was a victory in his column.

Bayfield scored one run on three hits, Pagosa none on two infield singles.

Error time

The second game, with wind, rain, snow and rapidly dropping temperatures as distractions, opened with Janowsky walking Gonzales who then advanced to second with a stolen base when no one covered the bag for Marshall's throw. After Qualls grounded out Sirios was hit by a Janowsky fastball. But Glynn struck out and McDonald flied to left to end the threat.

Pagosa went to work quickly in the first. Wagle lined to right, but Marshall followed with a single and Lister picked up an infield hit. After Janowsky popped to second, Lopez singled to drive in two runs and then moved up to second on a wild pitch. He scored on a ground- rule double to right by Rivas. He then scored as David Kern reached on the first of six errors in the game by Sirios at shortstop. The uprising ended when Caler grounded to third.

But, Pagosa had a 4-0 lead after one and things were looking up ... they thought. Bayfield got one run back in the second without aid of a hit. There was a walk, two of Pagosa's 11 errors in the game, and the weirdest double play seen in a long time to escape further damage.

With runners on first and second, Lister misplayed a ground ball by Bayfield hurler John Capalbo and one run scored as his throw to the plate was late. Marshall's throw to first trapped Capalbo off the bag and as the infield closed in for a rundown play, Krueger broke for the plate. Caler's throw cut down Krueger. Capalbo, who for some reason had rounded second to almost the shortstop position, was gunned down before he could get back. For purists who like to trace the play sequence, the two outs were recorded 2-3-4-6-5-3-2-6.

Pagosa's second featured a walk and another Sirios error but the Pirates were unable to convert them. Bayfield, however, got three in the third to tie the game at four. After Gonzales struck out, Qualls singled and Sirios walked. When Glynn fanned there were runners on first and second with two out.

But McDonald followed with an infield hit, Cathcart walked and Smith also had an infield hit before Janowsky could escape by fanning Krueger.

Pagosa took the lead right back in their third. Lopez opened with a single and went to third as Rivas singled to right. The latter, however, rounded the bag too far and was thrown out. Spencer reached on another Sirios error, Lopez scoring. Caler flied to center and Frank grounded to short to end the threat.

Bayfield came right back with two of their own in the fourth built around a Capalbo single, a pop-out and strike out and a drive by Sirios on which Pagosa committed two errors. That tied the score again at 6.

Bayfield got two more in the fifth on a pair of singles to center merged with three Pagosa errors and a hit batsman. That made the lead 8-6 and Pagosa went mildly, despite a pair of walks, in their half of the frame.

The Wolverines, however, were not done, plating three more in the sixth with only one hit but aided by four more Pagosa errors. Bayfield was up 11-7 and seemed in control. Even after the Pirates got another run in the bottom of the frame after a double by Lister leading off and a double to right by Rivas, the lead was 11-8 with one inning left.

Bayfield tried to put it out of reach in that final frame, scoring twice on three hits, a stolen base and another Pagosa error, establishing a 13-8 lead and making it painfully obvious Pagosa had to score at least six in the bottom of the seventh to manage a split for the day.

Few, other than the players themselves, seemed to believe they could do it.

But they did, sending 10 men to the plate in the frame to carve out the victory.

It opened with Robert Kern popping to second. But Wagle drew a walk. Then Marshall and Lister followed suit and the bags were loaded for Janowsky. He delivered a single scoring a pair. When Lopez followed with another single the Pirates got a third run.

Still, they were down 13-11. But Rivas also singled to cut the lead to 13-12. After David Kern struck out, Chris Young reached on Sirios' final error. Pagosa had the bases loaded again and it was up to Robert Kern.

He took a ball, then a strike. He fouled one back to the right on a late swing.

And then, with the infield drawn in, Kern ripped a base hit delivering the two runs needed to give Pagosa six in the inning and a remarkable come-from-behind 14-13 victory.

For Pagosa it was 14 runs on 14 hits and they committed 11 errors. Bayfield's 13 runs came on 11 hits and they committed six errors.

The Pirates now stand at 3-1 in the IML. Ignacio is 2-0 having swept a doubleheader from Monte Vista. Bayfield is 1-1 and Monte 0-2. Pagosa travels to Monte Vista for a doubleheader Saturday, beginning at 11 a.m.


Ladies were 'outgunned'by Cortez

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

"They were simply outgunned, but didn't quit."

That was coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason's summation of his Lady Pirates 6-0 soccer loss Saturday to Montezuma-Cortez at Golden Peaks Stadium.

Three of the Cortez goals, Kurt-Mason said, were marginal and he attributed them, in part, to the inexperience of Lacy Ream in goal. Ream was subbing for starter Sierra Fleenor who was at another school competition.

There were a number of cases "where our girls just didn't respond to the situation at hand," Kurt-Mason said. While he could not fault the Cortez effort, the coach said, "We were our own worst enemies."

One of the Cortez goals, in fact, was actually headed into the nets behind Ream by one of her teammates who was trying to clear the ball from the attack zone.

On another occasion, a defender attempting to sweep the ball out of the attack zone missed the kick, leaving the ball free for a Cortez attacker to drive it in.

"We had a serious lack of communication," at times, Kurt-Mason said, "but held the visitors well in the second half, while mounting four serious, but unsuccessful attacks ourselves.

"We can only get better by playing these bigger and more experienced teams," Kurt-Mason said. "In the long run the exposure to varied attack styles and development of recognition factors will help us in league action."

Two Pagosa hat tricks key 10-3 win over Ignacio

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

He's been waiting for an offensive explosion from his Pagosa Lady Pirates soccer team, saying, "It's only a matter of time."

The time arrived Tuesday and Ignacio's Lady Bobcats were unable to stop the clock despite a hat trick by striker Katie Whiteskunk.

The Pirates attacked early and often, a far cry from recent contests in which they had become a second-half team.

First, it was sophomore striker Melissa Diller ripping one from the left side past Ignacio goalkeeper Karena Miller. It was just the first of a flood of goals for the Pirates.

Leading scorer Meagan Hilsa- beck registered three markers as did freshman wing Bri Scott. Lori Whitbred, Charlotte Sousa and Brittany Corcoran also joined the scoring parade for the visiting Pirates.

"The girls just played like I knew they can," said coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason. "They had a great game. Our technical play was tremendous. We're still developing, but we seem to be gaining game savvy, knowing when and where to move."

Pagosa scored nine of its 10 goals in the first half. Then Kurt-Mason went to a short lineup, playing with only 10 on the field, and into a two-touch offense, decisions he described as designed to keep the score down.

Secondly, he assigned midfielder Sara Smith to Whiteskunk in the second half and her in-your-face defense prevented the Ignacio star from getting another shot on goal.

Kurt-Mason said the squad has been working on improving its open-space passing game and it paid off against Ignacio. "We were able to speed up the tempo of the game, to get them back on their heels early, and then take advantage of the passing lane openings."

The coach said he's been trying to get the girls to come to the ball more quickly, to establish control right away, "and in this game they did just what was asked."

And there was no selfishness evident. Scott, in addition to her three goals, had two assists. Hilsabeck had one assist and was a defensive factor, breaking up several potential Ignacio drives with steals at midfield.

Everyone worked hard in practice the past week on accurate passing, Kurt-Mason said, and it was that which enabled the attack to move so smoothly.

He was particularly pleased by the play of Whitbred on both offense and defense, and by the youngsters Corcoran and Sousa. "Brittany's score came on a perfect crossing pass from Charlotte," he said. "She was in perfect position and fooled the goalkeeper by deflecting the shot backward into the goal with her left foot - with her back to the goal."

He also had praise for senior striker Aubrey Volger. "She didn't score, but everyone on Ignacio was aware of her speed and focused on her leaving others open for passes." Volger got the assist on Diller's goal.

"We've come a long way," Kurt-Mason said. "But there is always room for improvement."

At 4 p.m. Friday his squad will host Bayfield at Golden Peaks Stadium. Pagosa whitewashed the Wolverines 4-0 in Bayfield last month. On Saturday, the Lady Pirates will go on the road to face Center in a noon contest.

Strong second half not enough; kickers bow to Durango

By Richard Walter

Staff Writer

Pagosa's Lady Pirates played Durango on even terms in the second half of a soccer contest Friday at Golden Peaks Stadium. The first half, however, had been a trial and the home team was down 5-0 at the break.

The Durango game plan was obvious from the beginning - attack, attack, attack. The Demons' swarming offense, paced by a tiny left wing (Durango did not file a roster for the game and therefore names are not available) who had a three-goal performance, laid siege early to Pagosa goal tender Sierra Fleenor.

In the first 3 minutes, 51 seconds Fleenor turned aside three shots, two on breakaways, but at 5:47 Durango took a 1-0 lead when Fleenor stopped an initial shot but the ball got away from her and the rebound was pounded in by a following attacker.

Six minutes and 50 seconds later, Fleenor came far out of the net to stop an attacker but slid down and the ensuing shot over her left shoulder sailed unimpeded into the net for a 2-0 Durango lead.

At 16:41 the lead reached 3-0 when Durango scored again with a three-on-one attack with Fleenor facing opponents from three directions. At 18:01 the score went to 4-0 with the third score from the left wing and at 19:24 the lead was 5-0 after she scored again.

On both occasions, the speedy wing outdistanced Pagosa defenders who were slow to respond and came in alone against Fleenor.

Pagosa's first real scoring chance of the first period came at 29:32 when Carlena Lungstrum's blast up the middle was turned aside. Just 31 seconds later, Lungstrum made a save when Fleenor went down after a stop and the ball was open for a Durango attacker but deflected by Lungstrum.

At the 32-minute mark, Pagosa came close again, with senior right wing Aubrey Volger drilling a corner shot into the right side of the net just outside the post. Two minutes later, Lungstrum's second chance was snared by the Durango keeper.

And, in the ensuing eight minutes, the Pagosa defense stiffened and Fleenor turned in three more saves.

At 43:38, Fleenor turned in her best effort of the day, diving flat out to her right to stop a blistering corner shot, a move which seemed to give her teammates new enthusiasm.

First it was Sara Smith ripping a 30-yarder from her midfielder position that handcuffed the goalie but bounced directly to a support defender before Pagosa attackers could gain can offensive position.

Finally, at 48:40, Pagosa broke the shutout with Volger getting her first goal of the season on a blast from the right corner that the Demon keeper got her hands on but could not hold. Eight minutes and 17 seconds later, Smith again was turned away after faking a defender out of position and firing from 22 yards.

At 63:29, Durango evened the second half scoring, converting an errant Pagosa outlet pass into a four-on-one attack advantage and a goal right up the middle.

Still, Pagosa was not done. Midfielder Cassie Pfeiffle rammed a free kick past the keeper on the right but it ricocheted off the right post and out of play. Just over a minute later, a now swarming Pagosa offense found Volger open again on the right wing.

She faked right, cut inside a defender and got off a left footer that the keeper kicked out to a support player and the final score stood at 6-1.


Shots on goal: Durango, 16; Pagosa, 8. Saves, Durango 5; Fleenor, 9. Penalty shots: none. Goals: Pagosa, Volger, 1.

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LISTEN TO "THE BREAD OF LIFE" radio program on Sunday at 8:30 a.m. on 1400 AM. Speaker Carl Lungstrum.

THE ARCHULETA COUNTY Homeschoolers Association sponsors group classes for homeschoolers, resource sharing and support for parents. Call 731-3308.

RESEARCH TEAM LOOKING FOR information regarding sightings of "two-legged" reptiles, sometimes described as dinosaur-like. Confidential. Write Nick Sucik at 22969 Old Government Trail, Nisswa MN. 56468, or at

MARK YOUR CALENDER for the free third annual Dome Tour of eight indoor gardens. 11a.m. - 3p.m., Sunday, April 21. Invite your fiends. Sponsored by Growing Spaces, 264-6922. Pick up maps/brochure starting April 12 at WolfTracks and Pagosa Bakery.

AL-ANON meets every Tuesday at 7 p.m. at Community United Methodist Church, 434 Lewis Street. For more information call 731-5086 or 264-5421.

ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS will meet at the Heritage Building, 468 Pagosa Street, upstairs, first door on left. Meetings are Monday and Friday, 7 p.m.; Wednesday, noon and 7 p.m.; Saturday, 8:30 a.m. and 7 p.m.; Sunday, 10 a.m.; Men's meeting, Tuesday, 5:30 p.m.; Women's meeting, Tuesday, 7 p.m. For more information call 731-4242, 731-5877, 264-2913, 731-9774 or 264-9221.

NARCOTICS ANONYMOUS meets Thursday nights at the Heritage Building from 7-8 p.m.


1995 F250 SUPER CAB Ford pickup with a gooseneck hitch. Excellent condition, $11,500. 731-5986 or 946-2768.

WILL TRADE LATE MODEL pickup for ??? Bell Country Homes, 731-6633.

1993 FORD F250 Super Cab, 4X4, 95K, 460, 5-speed. $8,000. 264-5662.

1993 DODGE DAKOTA, 4 wheel drive, extended cab, automatic. $3,500. Call 264-5944, ask for Dave.

1997 GMC SIERRA 1/2 pickup. 4x4, matching topper with windows. Low mileage. Betty at 731-3434.

1995 JEEP WRANGLER 4.0 engine, driven 8200 miles per year, stored 6 months per year. Excellent maintenance, $6,600, 731-5670.

1989 ISUZU TROOPER, beige, good condition. One owner, 170,000 miles. Book value, $3,200; make an offer. 264-9359.

1995 F250 4WD, flatbed. 40,000 miles, excellent body, runs great. $12,000 OBO. 264-2339.

1998 ISUZU RODEO LS - Green with gray, leather interior. Looks great, runs great. Power locks, power windows, automatic sun roof/moon roof, automatic four wheel drive, automatic transmission, 4 brand new studded snow tires. New CD player and speakers. 4 door, lots of cargo space, VERY CLEAN and comfortable, $16,000. Call 731-9735 or 946-6376. Leave message.

1998 DODGE DAKOTA 4X4 extended cab truck. Excellent condition, low miles, must see to appreciate. $15,900. 731-2867.

1991 JEEP CHEROKEE Limited. Reliable, needs cosmetic work. $2350 OBO. 731-3354, evenings.

CAMPER SHELL, BLUE Century fiberglass high rise. Tinted windows, sliding front window, rear lock. Fits Ford short beds pre-1996. Great condition, $400. 264-0555.

FOR SALE: 1994 Toyota 4-Runner. Fully loaded, excellent condition, 4X4, 80K, $12,000. 731-0634.

1991 GEO PRIZM. $1000 OBO. 731-2213, evenings.

1989 TOYOTA PICKUP - 5-speed, air conditioning, camper shell with rack, 102K miles, excellent condition. $3,500 OBO. 731-2268.

TRAILER - CUSTOM OFF-ROAD, enclosed 6' long, 3' 4" wide, 2' 8" high storage box with rack, gas/ water holders. 5,000 pound axle with electric brakes and shocks, new 16" tires, spare. $1,800 OBO. 731-2268.

1998 FORD EXPLORER XLT. 4WD, CD, V6, 4.0L., new tires, well maintained, 70,000 miles. $12,500. Call 264-5581.

1993 MITSUBISHI ECLIPSE. Good condition, runs great, $2,900. 264-2190.

1989 TOYOTA CAMRY. 4 door, blue. Power windows, locks and sunroof, cruise control. Good body and interior. Kelly Bluebook, $2,675. 731-9136.

1998 CHEVY SILVERADO. Loaded, 60,000 miles, great shape. Extended cab, 8 foot bed. $17,000 OBO. 731-5558.

1987 FULL SIZE CHEVY Blazer. Runs great, good tires. Asking $2500 OBO 264-5058.

1987 NISSAN 4X4, king cab truck. Runs good, ready to work, $3,250 OBO. 731-3354 evenings.

1993 FORD EXPLORER XLT 4x4. 4 door, clean inside and out. $3,800 OBO. 970-264-2303.

1996 CHEVY TAHOE LT, leather, PL, PW, CD player, loaded, excellent condition. $13,200. 731-9131, leave message.

1995 JEEP WRANGLER SAHARA hardtop, air conditioning, 5-speed, 4.0 engine, loaded, mint condition, 32,800 miles. Never used off-road, but custom off-road equipped. $15,500. 731-2761.

'91 CHEVY SILVERADO extended cab 4X4 short bed, automatic, new transmission, nice camper shell, removable built in bed, 150K miles, excellent condition, runs great, $6000. Call Bill at 731-2316 hm. or 264-5931 wk.

1996 JEEP CHEROKEE Sport. 4 door, 4x4, AM/FM cassette, A/C. $4700 OBO. 264-9050.

FOR SALE, 1997 red Chevrolet Monte Carlo. Runs good. Power windows, locks and seat. 97K. Call 264-6961. Asking $5500 OBO.

1981 CHEVY 3/4 TON with overloads, custom seats, Holly carburetor, headers with Meyer snowplow. $4700 OBO 264-9050.

1997 FORD RANGER, V-6, 5 speed, 4x4, with shell, 80K miles, excellent condition. $10,250. 264-4795.

1988 JEEP CHEROKEE - 4X4. Make an offer. 264-5802.


OFFICE FOR RENT, Pagosa Hotel Mall, $150 per month plus deposit. Utilities paid. Call Dusty at 264-4796 or 264-5824.

TWO NICE OFFICE SPACES available, Associated Broker building on Piedra Road, 731-4500.

ASPEN GROVE PLAZA at 175 Pagosa Street, has office/retail space for rent. 264-5080.

OFFICE, HWY 160 next to Carpet One. Paved parking, signage available, easy access. $350 per month, plus utilities. 731-5153

1 OFFICE SUITE with bath. Near downtown, lots of parking. $200 per month. 264-6044 or 884-5280.

1550 SQUARE FEET. Prime location in Greenbriar Plaza. $1600/month plus utilities. Call 731-7000 for more details.

INDUSTRIAL/COMMERCIAL SPACE for rent. 1000 sq. ft. units with heat, bathrooms, 3-phase power, paved parking. Suitable for office, shop or storage. Has garage door and entry door. Conveniently located in Pagosa Lakes core area. $460/month. Contact James at 264-5662, evenings.

YOU CAN LIVE WHERE YOU WORK. Sunny building with 5 separate offices or rooms, kitchen, bath, big yard, lots of parking, upstairs office available also for additional $200 per month. 264-6044 or 884-5280.

MOUNTAIN VIEW PLAZA has units available now. 625 sq. ft., 715 sq. ft., 770 sq. ft. and 825 sq. ft. Good Hwy. 160 frontage. Call 264-9177.

1,000-3,000 SQ.FT. COMMERCIAL & industrial units for lease at 953 Park Ave. 731-5147.

SMALL PRIVATE OFFICE space. 468 Pagosa St., Heritage building $120 per month, plus deposit. Includes utilities. 264-6656.

OFFICE AND RETAIL SPACE - $600 and up. Michael C. Branch, 264-2135.

SPACE FOR RENT. 1,500 sq. ft., $800 per month. Located in Century Plaza on Put Hill. Call Todd Shelton, 731-2100.

FRONTIER BUILDING 190 sq. ft. office. $250/month includes utilities. References and one year lease required. Call Gary for appointment, 731-2220.

KIVA MINI STORAGE UNITS now available. Sizes, 8x12, 12x24, 16x24. Fairfield Industrial Park, 90 Bastille Drive. Call 264-6116.

SHOP OR WAREHOUSE space, 500, 1,000 or 2,000 square feet. Large overhead doors, abundant parking. Some utilities included. 731-4792.

TWO 1,600 SQUARE FOOT units on Highway 160 in town, 3 years old, $800 each. 264-6440.

NEW OFFICE/RETAIL SPACE. For sale, lease, or lease w/option to buy. From 291 sq.ft. to 1500 sq.ft. Best downtown location. Next to new stoplight and town park. Best rates with assigned off-street parking. 475 Lewis Street. 264-4123.


SAN JUAN MOTEL Offering a variety of overnight accommodations. 32 units, 2 hot tubs, game room, laundry area, access to the San Juan River, 1.7± acres. $1,125,000, possible terms, possible SBA assumption. Todd Shelton, CCIM, Century 21 Wolf Creek Land and Cattle, Inc., (970) 731-2100, 800-944-2147.

IN THE UPPER PIEDRA, 45 acres with water rights, live creek through property, ties into national forest. Three log cabins with fireplace and antique stoves. $569,000. Todd Shelton, CCIM, Century 21 Wolf Creek Land and Cattle, Inc., (970) 731-2100, 800-944-2147.

BEST COMMERCIAL LOCATION in Archuleta County. Highest traffic count, our own traffic signal on Highway 160, guaranteed access, center of Pagosa Springs (corner of Highway 160 and Piedra Road), all flat with 1,719' of highway frontage. 35.85 acres - BUY ALL OR PART. Romar Group, 264-6096.

GUNNER RANCH RUSTIC FURNITURE store for sale. Please contact Mike or Stephanie Messina at (405)775-0948.

RIVERFRONT COMMERCIAL SITE! In town. Highway 160 frontage. Zoned. All utilities. 3.2 acres. $255,000. Mountain Land, acreage & commercial specialists. 970-731-9255.


3 GOOD PACK MULES, 1 black and 2 red. 731-5986 or 946-2768.

BEAUTIFUL TWO YEAR OLD registered Appaloosa filly. Gentle, smart, you'll fall in love. 264-5453.

GLEN'S HORSESHOEING. Prompt, reliable service. All types of shoeing. Call 946-4340 or 731-3665.

SPRING TUNE UPS Is your horse frisky in the spring or hard to shoe? We can help. Hauling also available. Dan Snow 731-3171.

1977 MILEY TWO HORSE or stock trailer, $1200. 970-731-2702, leave message.

HORSES FOR SALE. Herd reduction/ moving sale. Reasonably priced and reasonable offers accepted. Registered and pending. AQHA, IAHA, etc. Standing stallions, AQHA and Arabian. Boat for sale and other miscellaneous. 731-2517,

CM DROVER, STEEL GOOSENECK, 3 horse slant. White, $4,500. 731-9263.

RANCH SITTING I feed and water ranch animals. Experienced, references available. Call 264-6680.

6 YEAR OLD GREY gelding. Nice conformation, lots of potential. $1,500, 731-2573.

MUSTANG & QUARTER HORSE. 4 year, greenbroke and trailers. Soon to foal, $1500. 17 year quarter, kids, $1000. 264-4681.

GREG WELLS - AFA Certified Farrier. 731-9026.

MUST SELL. MILK goats, yearlings or one month olds. Also, a buck. 264-4681.


2 TIMESHARES, 1 ski season, 1 spring. One $1,500, one $1,000. For further information, contact Lee Riley, Owner/ Agent. 264-3210 or 800-571-0107.

PAPER BUNDLES FOR fire starter 25¢ each. Pick up at The Pagosa Springs SUN. 466 Pagosa Street.

WINDOW COVERINGS sold at wholesale prices. Add R Value to your windows for this winter. Call 264-6594.

LOG CABIN PACKAGE $12,945. 24'x32' with 8' porch roof, 7' coped and notched logs. Log beam, 2"x6" T&G roof. Free catalog, (307) 684-2445.

SHAKLEE for proper nutrition, use Shaklee products. For information call Marsha Preuit. 264-5910.

LOG HOMES AND CABINS 24'x32' for Only $12,945! Log Walls, Posts, Beams, Roof, Plans, Video and more! Free catalog. (307)684-2445.

DOUBLE SIZE BED. Like new, $200. 264-6780.

CARHARTT WORK CLOTHES Georgia work boots. Best selection, best prices. Gem Village Country Store, 39793 Hwy. 160, Bayfield. (970) 884-9440.

ANTIQUE BEDROOM SET, with 2 dressers and nightstand, $1750. For further information, call Lee Riley, 264-3210, days, or 264-2677, evenings.

FRESH PRODUCE Certified Organic and seasonal Local Organic. Joy's Natural Foods Market. 117 Navajo Trail Drive. 731-1500.

FREE. APPROXIMATELY 60 FEET of used deck railing (redwood). Call 731-0651 for directions.

2 MOUNTAIN BIKES for sale. Rock Hopper, $400 OBO. Raleigh USA, $250 OBO. Both new! 731-9806.

21" RCA TV/VCR combination. $300 brand new. Will sell for $200. Only 6 months old. Very clean. Call 731-9735.

ARCHERY, FISHING, HUNTING and camping equipment and ammo at cost. Display counters, pegboard displays and work centers. Open/closed message sign. Dave, 731-3832.

SIDE-BY-SIDE refrigerator/freezer, 21.5 cf, almond, excellent condition $100, 731-2316.

ANTIQUE UPRIGHT PIANO from Strater Hotel, $1,000. Call Irene Lucero, 970-243-9270.

FIREWOOD, PINE, MEASURED cord, $125, half cord, $65. 731-9007.

OAK, CHERRY, WALNUT hardwood and flooring starting at $1.60 square foot. Free rent of flooring nailer with purchase. Sand and finish hardwood floors. Heartwood, 731-3088.

EPSON STYLUS 500 COLOR printer, $25. Xerox Workcenter XE88 scanner, printer, copier, $100. Maytag washer, perfect condition, $75. Call 731-1211.

KUBOTA TRACTOR MODEL 2650. 29 hp. front loader, tilt blade, post hole digger. Only 100 hours, stored inside. Like new, $15,900. (970)264-2564.

BROWNING 12 GAUGE, Auto 5 Belgium. $300 firm, Ralph 731-0051.

20 FOOT BAJA SKI boat with 200 hp. Mercury outboard, $3,800. 8 foot cab over camper, $1,000. 2 Cordura saddles, $200 each. Baby chicks, 6 weeks old, $5 each. 264-4715.

MATTRESS SET, FULL size, pillow top, spring air, like new condition. Asking $300. 731-4418.

FUTON, BLACK MATTRESS AND pine frame, queen size, $100. Set of running boards for extra cab Ford truck, $75. Golf pull cart, $10. 1980 Chevy Blazer 4X4, new tires, new brakes, runs good, $1,000 OBO. Wood gun cabinet, $50. New grey dashmat for Ford heavy duty truck, $25. Lazy Boy sleeper sofa couch, $200. Call (970)731-5171.

PIANO - BALDWIN CONSOLE, with bench. Medium walnut finish. Tuning needed. $1200 cash sale. 264-4923.

CAR TOP CARRIER - used once. 731-3678.

GOT HARD WATER? Get GMX magnetic clamp- on system. Low cost. Homes, farms, ranches. Guaranteed. Local. Call Galen Erin, 800-494-6857.

AVON SKIN-SO-SOFT Bug guard insect repellent, $4.99 if ordered by April 16. To place an order or get a brochure, call 731-5531.


OLDER MOBILE ON 12 acres. Access off W. Highway 160. Reduced to $89,500. 1UC0306. United Country, (970)264-2201, 800-835-5331.

MOBILE HOME ON 1.4 acres on Stolsteimer Lane in Aspen Springs 4. Has well, and is purged. Extra older mobile on lot is free. $59,500. 1UC0316. United Country. (970)264-2201, 800-835-5331.

NEW MOBILE HOME spaces available for rent at Rock Ridge Mobile Home Park. Call Todd, 731-2121.

ALMOST NEW SINGLE wide on 2 beautiful acres. Priced at $78,000. Aspen Springs Realty, 970-731-5077.

FOR SALE, 3 bedroom, 2 bath mobile home on 1 acre in Arboles. View of lake. $65,000, owner financing. Broker owned. 883-5428.

3 BEDROOM, 2 bathroom mobile home on 1 acre, treed lot, in Arboles. $65,000. Colorado Southwest Properties. 883-5428.

3 BEDROOM, 2 BATH double wide on 1.3 acres. Good views. Only $79,000! Aspen Springs Realty, 970-731-5077.

1972 14'X70' 3 BEDROOM, 2 bath, newly remodeled. Wood stove, set up in nice park. $10,500 OBO. 731-9773.

BY OWNER. 1981 TITAN, 14x60 s/w, 2 bedroom, 1 bath in Pagosa Hills I. New siding, decks, w/b stove, workshop, woodshed, 1/4 acre lot, raised garden, trees, 90% fenced, paved street, quiet neighborhood in city. $57,900. 264-4795 after 6 p.m. or leave message.

3 BEDROOM, 2 BATH, on 2+ acres. All utilities in. Small down and take over payments. Call Jim or leave message. 731-2115.

$32,500, 2 BEDROOMS, 1 bathroom. Natural gas, affordable living or great rental. 264-6733.

REDUCED MUST SELL. 3 bedroom, 1 bath 14'x70' Rock Ridge Space 81. 264-5575 , 6 p.m., 264-4154, ask for Kathy.

SAM'S CLUB AND AARP have teamed with Fleetwood Homes to save its members thousands of $$$ in discounts and benefits. Timber Homes has been chosen as their S.W. Colorado representative. Come see our new Anniversary Model. We do it all, including the foundation. Shop us last. We beat anyone's price, guaranteed. Mon. 9:30 to 3:30, Tuesday - Friday, 10:00 to noon & 1:00 to 4:00. Hwy. 160 W. Next to Let's Store It and Quality Topsoil. or phone anytime, 970-731-0007 or 866-877-7999.

PRICE REDUCED! OWNER MOTIVATED. Like new mobile home, 3 Br., 2 Ba., near Cemetery Road. Reduced to $78,500. Betty Johann Realty, Dinah. 731-3434.


PRIME ASPEN SPRINGS LOCATION! 4 acres plus newer 2 bedroom, 2 bath home. Priced to sell. $107,000 Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

FOR SALE OR LEASE - 3,200 sq.ft. executive home, 4 miles up Snowball Rd. Professional stainless steel kitchen, lush pasture and tranquil waterfalls. 5000 sq.ft. total, with guest house and art studio. $592,000. 970-264-2882.

OPEN HOUSE, SUNDAY April 14, 2002, 1p.m - 3p.m., 302 Woodland Drive, Twin Creek Village. 3 bedroom/ 2 bathroom, many upgrades, $187,000. Sandra May CRS, GRI. Jann C. Pitcher Real Estate. (970)731-4065.

PREMIER RIVER-FRONT HOME in Pagosa Springs - Completely remodeled, southwest decor inside and out, 1/2 acre on San Juan River with 100' river frontage. Trees, decks, and huge covered deck over river. BEST IN PAGOSA. CALL FOR BROCHURE. Romar Group, 264-6096.

BEAUTIFUL 4 BEDROOM HOME on corner lot, prime downtown location. $8,750 down, APR 6.875 for 30 years, payments $1,091.52. Call for details. Ask for Judy, Pagosa Real Estate Store, 731-2175 or 800-560-6050.

200 FEET OF LAKE FRONTAGE, LAKE FRONT LOG HOME with double sided rock fireplace, 3-4 bedrooms on 2+ acres. Call Todd Shelton, CCIM Century 21 Wolf Creek Land and Cattle LLC, (970) 731-2100.

FOR A COMPLETE look at all homes in the county check out my web site:, Lee Riley with Jim Smith Realty.

GREAT 3 BEDROOM, 2 bath home on corner lot. $1800 down, APR 7% for 30 years, $392 per month to qualified buyer. Call today. Pagosa Real Estate Store, 731-2175 or 1-800-560-6050.

LEASE WITH OPTION to buy. Bell Country Homes, 731-6633.

HOME ON THE SHORE of Lake Hatcher. 3 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms. Landscaped with mountain and lake views, dock. 1CB2521, $275,000. Call Patsy Wegner, 731-4564 or e-mail Coldwell Banker, The Pagosa Group, 731-2000.

BANK REPO, REDUCED $100,000 for fast sale. 3,100 square feet with great mountain views. Pagosa Real Estate Store, 731-2175 or 800-560-6050.

WWW.PAGOSAMORTGAGE.COM Free mortgage information on-line. Get pre-qualified or completely pre-approved from the comfort of your home or office. Jim Askins, Fairway Mortgage-Pagosa Springs, (970) 731-3100 or toll free 800-326-2100.

BANK REPO, MORE for your money. 4 year old home with 4 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms in great Fairfield location. Call today for details. Pagosa Real Estate Store, 731-2175 or 800-560-6050.

1429 SF HOME ON large lot. Close to Forest, borders Martinez Canyon. Adjacent lot available also. 2cb2601 $152,500. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

WONDERFUL 1ST HOME or rental in Vista! 1280 SF, fireplace, garden tub, spacious kitchen, on quiet street. $89,900. 1cb2568. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

HOME & SHOP, 1500 SF shop, heated, 8x10 overhead doors, storage, Immaculate 1200 SF home, 1cb2185. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

LOVELY GOLF COURSE HOME on 15th green. 4 bedrooms, 4 baths, views, 1cb2399. $307,000. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

PRICE REDUCED $128,900. Immaculate modular on 1.2 acres 1782 SF, large open floor plan, 2 bedroom, 2 baths, family room, 2 decks, fenced yard, well with great tasting water, 2 RV hookups, storage bldg., only 2 years old. Will consider all offers! 1cb2550. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

BEAUTIFUL HOME ON 1/2 acre! Mtn. & lake views, 2500 SF Must See! 2cb2599. $272,900. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

LAKEFRONT CONDO. MOUNTAINS & Lake views 1682 SF 3 bedrooms, 2 baths. Bring your boat! 1cb 2565. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

LARGE FAMILY HOME on 5 acres. 2975 SF 5 bedrooms, 2.5 baths. Views of the Divide. Just reduced-$298,000. 1cb2258. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

NEWER 4 BEDROOM, 3 bath, 3 car garage home on 20 acres with great views. Large barn. $525,000. Call Todd Shelton, CCIM Century 21 Wolf Creek Land and Cattle LLC, (970) 731-2100.

NEW HOME BY WEGNER Properties. Mountain views from this large 3 bedroom, 2 bathroom home. Granite gas log fireplace. 1CB2573, $160,000. Call Patsy Wegner, 731-4564 or e-mail Coldwell Banker, 731-2000.

3 BEDROOM, 2 BATH. For sale by owner. 117 Divot. On golf course, new paint, new carpet. $189,000. Call John. 946-0293.

BRAND NEW ONE OF A KIND solid quality craftsmanship, 1802 sq. ft., contemporary floor plan. 3 bedroom, 2-1/2 bath, cherry cabinets in kitchen and bathrooms. Tile countertops, ceramic tile floors. Covered decks, Continental Divide views. Call David, 264-1243.

BEAUTIFUL NEW 4 BEDROOM, 2 bathroom ranch-style home for sale. San Juan River Village area with gorgeous mountain views. Large, open floor plan includes great room, tiled kitchen, master bedroom with bay window, custom window treatments, and heated double garage. Price reduced below appraisal value to $195,500. For appointment, call 731-9672.

ASPEN SPRINGS for sale by owner: Home on 1.6 acres, borders BLM, secluded, great southern exposure, 3 bedroom, 2 bath, family room, deck with beautiful views of Broken Off Mountain. $98,600. Call 731-5773, after 6p.m.

LOTS OF PERSONALITY Log home, 2 lots, large great room, dining, and kitchen. 3 bedroom, 2 bath, 2 car garage, deck with a view, fenced yard, many extras. Call 731-9113, shown by appointment.

WANT A WELL BUILT HOME? At a reasonable cost? Get information from a seasoned builder.

REAL ESTATE LOANS - Local residents representing the #1 mortgage company in Colorado. Competitive rates, Professional service and New Age technology gives us the edge. Apply anytime at or call 264-6482 for quotes and information. 24-hour approval.

NEW CUSTOM LOG HOME close to everything on heavily treed lot. 2426 sq.ft., 3 bedroom, 21/2 bath, 2 car garage, plus office, loft & extra large hobby room. See through fireplace, custom rock, bay window, heated tile, pergo. Choose colors, carpet and tile, save real estate commissions. $225,000. 731-0070.

FSBO WELL-MAINTAINED 3 bedroom, 1-3/4 bath. Easy access to Lake Pagosa. 1700 sq. ft., garage, natural gas with mature landscaping. $157,000. Lake Pagosa Park, 86 Carefree Place. 731-2574.

LOG HOME ON 7 acres in Meadows II. 3 bedrooms, open floor plan, 21/2 bathrooms. View of northern range. Antique wood stove, log stairs, master bath claw foot antique tub, and river rock fireplace in master bedroom. Priced under appraisal, $345,000. 731-2929.

BY OWNER - Large country home on 5+ fenced acres. Horse property, Realtors welcome. $189,000. 264-9200, leave message.

OWNER MOTIVATED - PRICE REDUCED 3 bedroom, 2 bath home in Pagosa Highlands. Near National Forest, gorgeous views, quiet neighborhood. Was $139,900 now $131,900. Call Bob Woodson, Century 21 Wolf Creek. 731-2100 1CE0090.

HIGH PEAKS AFFORDABLE HOMES. 3 bedroom, 2 bath, 2 car garage, land home packages from $124,000, from $97,000 on your lot. Many floor plans to suit your family needs, or bring in your own custom plans. or call 264-6150.

BY OWNER. 4,873 sq. ft. quality log home on 7.35 acres. 6 bedrooms, 4 bathrooms. $479,400. ($30,000 under Certified Appraisal.) (970)264-2966.

HOUSE FOR SALE by owner. 3 bedroom, 2 bathroom split level with loft, 3 decks, 2300 plus sq. ft. living space; off-peak electrical heat storage system; large garage with shop in back and finished second story with greenhouse; large covered breezeway; landscaped gardening on two lots, 137 Masters Circle, Pagosa in the Pines. $220K. Telephone: (970)731-4524.

RIVERFRONT LOG, RIVER rock wrapped decks on 300 foot, one acre. 3/2, 2000 square feet, between town and ski area. 264-4866.

2 BEDROOM. Needs some work. New roof, paint, nice lot with views. $69,500 Call for appointment, 731-3680.

PAGOSA HILLS, NEWER 2 bedroom, 1 3/4 baths, 2.4 acres, very private/ lots of trees, large open kitchen/ dining, unique studio- loft, 2500+ sq. ft., 2 car garage with workbench, RV hookup, growing dome, $284,800. 264-6462.

HOUSE FOR LEASE with option to buy. 3 bedroom, 2 bath Cape Cod, horse property. More information, 731-3597, evenings.

BRAND NEW BEAUTIFUL HOME. 3 bedrooms, 21/2 bathrooms, 1,656 sq. ft. Large 2 car garage. Extra 828 sq. ft. of storage space. Located on cul-de-sac; two sided greenbelt, lots of trees. Must see, 731-0410.

FOR SALE BY OWNER, 3 or 4 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms on 3.5 acres. Great well water, and bus stops right out front. Located on a county road. Possible owner financing. Call 731-9207.

FIVE ACRES GOOD HORSE property with 6- year old custom built home. 1583 s.f., 3/2 with lots of extras. Views, windows, porch, deck, 2- car garage. Easy to live in, and easy to keep. Convenient location in Meadows I, no PLPOA dues. You will like this place. Appraised at $270,000. Asking $230,000. Want to move to the country. Call 731-5660 evenings for an appointment.

FSBO LAKE HATCHER. New 3 bedroom, 2 bathroom. Beautifully landscaped! Mountain, lake views, vault, wood stove, all appliances. $179,000. (970)946-3742.

LOG HOME, .42 ACRE. 1157sq.ft. 2/13/4. Views of Pagosa Peak, Lake Hatcher. Greenbelt. Treed, landscaped. Owner selling. $145,000. 282 Arbor Dr.

OWNER WILL FINANCE. Nice home with low down payment. 4 bedrooms, 1-3/4 bath. Large workshop, guest cabin on 7 acres. Good county road with school bus stop. (970)731-4439 or (505)437-6027, leave message.

1,790 SQ. FT. MODULAR with 21/2 car garage and 625 sq. ft. recreation room. Natural gas, close to town, great views. Must see to appreciate the true value. $144,000. 264-6733.

BY OWNER: 3 BEDROOMS, 2 bathrooms, 2 car garage with paved driveway. Large master bedroom. Lake and mountain views. Boat ramp and fishing just steps away. 34 Beaver Circle, 970-731-5901. $157,500.


SEXUAL ASSAULT HOTLINE for confidential support and information. 247-5400.

ALTERNATIVE HORIZONS 24 hour domestic violence hotline. Confidential help available. 247-9619.

PREGNANT? DON'T KNOW WHAT TO DO? Call the Pregnancy Support Center. 264-3733.

REPORT KNOWLEDGE OF CRIMINAL ACTS To Crime Stoppers, 264-2131. You may be entitled to a reward. Anonymity guaranteed.

DRUG HOT LINE Call 264-BUST to report any illegal drug activity.

HOSPICE CARE A special kind of caring. Call 731-9190.

REFINANCE NOW. PRIMERICA Financial Services, 883-3259.


APPROXIMATELY 10 ACRES All utilities, ponds, in Arboles. Must see. Colorado Southwest Properties, 883-5428,

CORNER LOT - BUILDABLE lot on corner in Lake Pagosa Park, level, easy build. $8,000. 1cb2428 Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

VACANT LAND. 5 ACRES bordering W. Highway 160, National Forest on one side. Reduced to $48,500. 1UC0305. United Country, (970)264-2201, 800-835-5331.

VIEW LOT PAGOSA HIGHLANDS end of cul-de-sac, view of Pagosa Peak, great building site $12,000. 1cb2535. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

1 ACRE LAKE front lot for $97,500, over 200 feet of lake frontage. Call Todd Shelton, CCIM Century 21 Wolf Creek Land and Cattle LLC, (970) 731-2100.

1.4 ACRES ABUTS NATIONAL Forest. Large trees, small dwelling, Aspen Springs, $29,000. 1UC0312. United Country, (970)264-2201, 800-835-5331.

TIFFANY - IRRIGATED LAND. 2 - 80 acre parcels, utilities, views, Pine River canal shares, tilled and seeded. $220,000 each. Pagosa Peak Realty, (970)731-0200.

A FEW 1 ACRE buildable lots available in Arboles. Some views of lake, valley, mountains. Colorado Southwest Properties. 883-5428.

LOTS 29 AND 30, Hudson Rio Blanco 2. River frontage, very private, $65,000. 1UC0317. United Country, (970)264-2201, 800-835-5331.

JUST LISTED, MUST SEE - Loma Linda's finest 5 acres, lot 76 for $97,500, with magnificent views, trees, privacy & pasture for horses. Call Todd at Century 21 Wolf Creek, (970) 731-2100.

25 TREED ACRES. CW, CS, quiet neighborhood, all utilities, 1/4 mile from NF, $193,500. UNIQUE 5 ACRE TRACT, in Meadows IV. Heavily treed with canyon views to the west. Blanca Place, cul-de-sac, $65,000, tap fee paid. SPILER CREEK RANCH, newly fenced and surveyed, 160 beautiful acres, 4 sides NF "doesn't get nicer." Priced at $795,000. Private showing on request. 60 PRIME ACRES in Blanca Basin. Heavily treed, seasonal creek runs through. $400,000, won't last. Jean and Pam Poitras, Four Seasons Land Co. Inc., GMAC Real Estate. (970)264-2241 or eve. (970)731-9396.

3+ ACRES ONLY $24,900. All utilities including central water, horses allowed, close to town. #2UC0223. Call United Country, 264-2201.

30 ACRES Very private, rustic cabin, big view of Navajo Lake, borders state park. Must see. Colorado Southwest Properties, 883-5428,

TWO ADJACENT LOTS approximately 1/4 acre each. Twin Creeks Village. $10,000 each, or $18,000 for both. Call Wayne at 731-4181.

35 ACRES WITH mountain views and city water. Less than 1 mile from downtown Pagosa Springs. $275,000. Call Todd Shelton, CCIM Century 21 Wolf Creek Land and Cattle LLC, (970) 731-2100.

TWO GREAT LOTS, views and easy build, 7080 N. Pagosa Blvd., 1cb2581, & 263 Woodsman, 1cb2582. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

5 ADJOINING LOTS, Hwy 160 frontage totaling 5.6 acres, possible owner financing. $55,000. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

FOUR MILE ROAD - 20 beautiful acres, all utilities, stream, huge views, partially irrigated and bridge is in. $289,000. Pagosa Peak Realty and Construction. 970-731-0200. Fax: 970-731-0201.

TIMBER RIDGE RANCH. If an open space, low-density lifestyle is what you desire in a breathtaking alpine setting, you must see Colorado's Timber Ridge Ranch. Our home sites are fully improved with central water and sewer service, underground utilities and paved roads, yet offer an element of privacy not often found in a developed residential community. Incredible opportunities: Phase I, lot 45, 4.06 acres, $129,000. Phase II, lot 102, 4.18 acres, $84,900. Phase I, lot 58, 8.58 acres, $174,900. Phase I, lot 72, 5.51 acres, $125,000. Come take your personal tour today and see why Timber Ridge Ranch is truly "The Best of Pagosa Springs." MJM Ranches, Land & Marketing LLC, 970-731-3235.

WE BUY LOTS. Bell Country Homes. 731-6633.

40 SECLUDED ACRES - with mountain views, trees and meadows. Recently fenced and completely dog proof. 1800 gallon cistern, septic system, solar system and driveway already in place. No restrictions and taxes only $18 per year. $149,000. 3 adjacent acres available for $12,000. 731-5986 or 946-2768.

BY OWNER. 2.3 acres in Aspen Springs Unit 5. Meadow. Lots 173 and 174. Lois Court off Metro Drive. $12,000. Please leave message. 731-2735.

DON'T MISS THIS ONE! Exceptional value in Loma Linda. 7.5 acres, gorgeous views of eastern range. Only $79,900. Call Bob Woodson, Century 21 Wolf Creek. 731-2100.

3 ACRE LOT IN Timber Ridge Phase I. Easy to build on and sunny. $69,000 by owner. 731-9706.

32 ACRES BORDERING National Forest. Year around creek, springs, trees, easy year around access, protective covenants. Also has excellent pasture with irrigation water. By owner. $150,000. 731-4670.

FOR SALE BY OWNER Aspen Springs. 1.7 acres includes 2 bedroom, 1 bath trailer, 1800 gallon cistern. Reduced, $35,000. $30,000 for cash. 731-3487.

WANT A WELL BUILT HOME? At a reasonable cost? Talk with a seasoned builder.

MEADOWS I, 5 ACRES by owner. Best 5 acres in Meadows, on quiet cul-de-sac. 300 ft. to pavement, views of divide and killer view of Chimney Rock. 100% usable land with great building sites. Great horse property. $85,000. 731-4664.

NAVAJO LAKE. One acre lot with beautiful lake and valley views. Utilities, pad site, driveway complete. 883-2507.

1/2 ACRE - VIEWS of Pagosa Peak, greenbelt, paved road, level, central water, central sewer, financing available, priced below market. $11,500. Gary, 904-783-6638. MM1 L60.

FSBO INCREDIBLE VIEWS, 3.32 acres, Continental Estates, Unit 2, Lot 46. Quiet cul-de-sac off Hwy. 84, 3 miles from Hot Springs, $79,500. 303-817-5229.


26 ACRES $850,00 WOW! Loads of water rights, 2 homes, 2 barns, farming and ranching. OWNER SAYS SELL. Romar Group, 264-6096.

14 + ACRES, borders Piedra River, irrigation, rustic home, outbuildings. Colorado Southwest Properties, 883-5428.

BEAUTIFUL 35 ACRE parcel with log cabin, national forest and great views. Only $165,000. Call today. Pagosa Real Estate Store, 731-2175 or 800-560-6050.

HOME BORDERING FOREST 1740 SF on 42+ acres. Forest on 3 sides, open floor plan, wine cellar and more! 1cb2198. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

NAVAJO RIVER RANCH 40.58 acres trees, utilities, access to Navajo River 1cb2515. $179,000. Coldwell Banker 731-2000.

3,000 SQ. FT. HOME on 12 acres. Large pond, irrigation, view of mountains, quiet setting. Highway 151 to County Road 336. Colorado Southwest Properties. 883-5428.

A COLORADO DREAM - 48 acres with newer family home. Private canyon with seasonal creek. Aspen, pines, and fruit trees. 4 bedroom, 3 bath. 10 acres fenced for horses. Priced $45,000 below appraisal. #1UC0213. Call United Country. 264-2201.

SUMMER'S RANCH STARTING AT $99,000. Buy all or part, seller financing. Call Brian Riggs, 264-2201.

PRICED TO SELL. 35 acres with all utilities including central water, treed knoll with sweeping mountain views, pond, good for horses. Only $99,900. #2UC0222. Call United Country, 264-2201.

RIVERFRONT PROPERTY. 44 acres on the Piedra River. Park-like build site. All utilities in place including natural gas and septic. A wildlife paradise and fisherman's dream! #1UC0211. Call United Country, 264-2201.

152 ACRES, TOTAL SECLUSION- surrounded by BLM, old growth timber, live spring, spectacular views. Thousands of spruce trees. Price lowered again to $670,000. Call Pagosa Peak Realty, 731-0200.

FANTASTIC 100 ACRES, views of all the mountains, meadows, huge trees. Abuts National Forest, very close in but totally secluded, central water and all utilities. For the discriminating buyer. Romar Group, 264-6096.

TERRY ROBINSON ROAD - 63 gorgeous acres, fenced, two houses, 17,000 square foot barn, 26 stalls with pipe turnouts, great views, great location. $1,450,000. Pagosa Peak Realty and Construction. 970-731-0200. Fax: 970-731-0201.

70 ACRES, 360 DEGREE views, nice trees, creek through property with ponds, 200 elk on property last week, can see all the property from prepared home site - perfect for horses, central water. ONLY $269,000. Romar Group, 264-6096.

THE BEST OF the best - three 35 acre parcels, highest elevation of all Cool Springs Ranch parcels. Unbelievable views from the Continental Divide east of Pagosa, South San Juan Wilderness, Wolf Creek, Pagosa Peak, Rio Grande Wilderness, Rio Grande Pyramid, Weminuche Wilderness, to the La Plata Mountains at Durango. Aspen, spruce, meadows, springs, CENTRAL WATER, equestrian center, gated community, elk, deer, turkey. Owner took huge 6X6 bull there last year. ONLY $6,995 per acre. Terms. Romar Group, 264-6096.

25 ACRE HORSE PROPERTY, beautiful meadows, nicely treed ridges. Close in, secluded, CR access yet very private. ONLY $180,000. OWC 20% down for 15 years. Romar Group, 264-6096.

16,160 ACRES, 160 acres deeded, surrounded by 25 sections of National Forest lease. World class elk with deer, bear, mountain lion, and turkey. Totally remodeled original 3000 square foot stone hacienda surrounded by 5-foot stone wall. This home must be seen to be believed. 3 cabins, 2 are original log, all in excellent condition, 2 historic log barns. Elk permits with property. Totally private, secluded and private. ONE OF A KIND, MAKE AN OFFER. CALL FOR BROCHURE. Romar Group, 264-6096.

29.6 ACRES ON BLANCO river - 750' river frontage, abuts National Forest, 3/4 minerals with property, CR access with all utilities. Romar Group, 264-6096.

FOR LEASE OR SALE. 74 acres with large barn containing 8 heated self- watering stalls. Call Todd Shelton, CCIM Century 21 Wolf Creek Land and Cattle LLC, (970) 731-2100.

SMALL FARM Doublewide, 2 car garage, borders Navajo State Park, pasture, irrigation, great views. Must see. Colorado Southwest Properties, 883-5428,

FOR A COMPLETE look at all larger vacant land parcels and ranches in the county check out my website:, Lee Riley with Jim Smith Realty.

BREATHTAKING NEW ROCK and log home and barn on San Juan River. 38 acres, meadows, timber. $1,350,000. Lauren, 946-0917, 264-0046.

670 ACRE MOUNTAIN RANCH bordering the San Juan National Forest. Irrigated hay fields with excellent water rights. Two year- round creeks, forests, easy access, views, home, barns, premiere wildlife habitat. 20 minutes to Pagosa. One of a kind! Asking $3,800 per acre. 731-4670.

ONE OF A KIND Equestrian property. Six stall barn, views, 3 bedroom, 21/2 bath, Kentucky white vinyl fencing with wire. Very near National Forest access for breathtaking rides. 731-3373.

FSBO 56 ACRES spanning Piedra river & Hwy. 151. Irrigation, 2 houses, new well. Appraisal $460,000. 883-2293 (days) or 883-5489 (evenings).

FSBO IN CHROMO. 27 acres with river frontage. Includes 2 bedroom home with 3-car attached garage. $185,000. 883-5425.


BEAUTIFUL 1700 SQ. FT. condo, totally furnished. Down payment $3,870, interest rate 6.94 APR for 30 years, payment $811.60 P&I to qualified buyer. Call for details, Pagosa Real Estate Store, 731-2175 or 800-560-6050.

FOR A COMPLETE LOOK at all condos in the county check out my web site:, Lee Riley with Jim Smith Realty.

MOUNTAIN VISTA TOWNHOME. 3 bedroom with additional loft, 3 bathrooms, heated garage with workroom. Recently remodeled with new carpeting, Pergo floors, carpeting and appliances. Spectacular mountain views. For sale by owner. (970)731-1991.

VERY NICE 2 BEDROOM, 2 bath condo for rent. Call 731-9037.

FSBO 3/3 loft, Mountain Vista townhome, heated underground parking, lots of storage, recently redecorated, gorgeous water and mountain views. 903-769-9267.

TOWNHOUSE: FSBO, 2 bedroom, 11/2 bath, 2 story, small complex, low fees, private fenced yard, electric and wood heat, will have new roof. 575 E. Golf PL., Pagosa Lakes. Call 731-3071 after 6:00 or leave message.

FOR SALE BY OWNER - Pinon Condo, 1 bedroom, 1-1/2 bathrooms, 900 square feet, nicest one on the market. 731-5474.


VACATIONERS. We have fully furnished homes and condos for rent by the day, week or month. We also have long term places available. Pagosa Realty Rentals, located above the Corner Store on Piedra Road. (970) 731-5515

SUNETHA MANAGEMENT SERVICES for Short Term (Vacation) Rentals starting at $100/ night, Long Term Rentals starting at $500/ month, and storage units (all sizes) - 56 Talisman Drive - 970-731-4344.

2 BEDROOM, 2 BATH Westwind Condo. Call Pagosa Central Management at 731-2216 or visit our website at

CALL CC RENTALS for long term and short term rentals. Large inventory available. 731-0415.

VERY NICE 3 BEDROOM, 2 bath newer mobile in Aspen Springs. 6 month lease, available 5/1. $650 per month. Betty Johann Realty, Dinah, 731-3434.

LEASE WITH OPTION to buy. Bell Country Homes, 731-6633.

R.V. SPACES for rent. Available year round. Rock Ridge mobile home park. Call Sherry at 264-6148.

STORAGE SPACE, SECURE, climate controlled, 10' X 50' X 20' with 12' tall entrance. Call CC Rentals, 731-0415.

PROPERTY MANAGEMENT at the best rates and service in town. Let us manage your property. Call for details. Pagosa Real Estate Store Property Management, 731-2175 or 1-800-560-6050.

ARCHULETA HOUSING CORPORATION - has clean apartments with affordable rents close to schools and bus lines. Call for information, 264-2195.

HIGH COUNTRY MINI STORAGE Most sizes available. Paved, lighted, security. Behind Pizza Hut. Call 264-9142.

HOUSE AT LAKE HATCHER, 3 - 4 bedrooms, 2 car garage, unfurnished, $1,200. 264-0345.

3 BEDROOM, 2 BATHROOM home, unfurnished. Pagosa Central Management at 731-2216 or visit our website at

1 BEDROOM MOBILE home. $400/ month. Call Pagosa Realty Rentals at 731-5515.

1 BEDROOM, 1 BATH downtown, available May 1. 264-5080.

1 BEDROOM, 1 BATHROOM, furnished condo. Pagosa Central Management at 731-2216 or visit our website at

AVAILABLE NOVEMBER 1 Cabin close to Williams Creek Reservoir. 6 month lease, $750/month. Call owner at (970) 731-3164.

1 VILLAGE APARTMENT, 2 bedroom, 2 bathroom, unfurnished. Pagosa Central Management at 731-2216 or visit our website at

2 VILLAGE APARTMENTS. 3 bedroom, 2 bath. Call Pagosa Central Management at 731-2216 or visit our website at

LARGE CONDO. 2 bedroom with loft, 2 bathrooms. $800/ month. Call Pagosa Realty Rentals, 731-5515.

REMODELED 2 BEDROOM 1-1/2 bathroom duplex. Pagosa Central Management at 731-2216 or visit our website at

TWO FURNISHED PINON CONDOS. Pagosa Central Management at 731-2216 or visit our website at

TWO - 2 BEDROOM, 2 bathroom unfurnished homes. Pagosa Central Management at 731-2216 or visit our website at

DURANGO HOUSING CORPORATION has clean apartments with affordable rents, close to schools and bus lines. Now featuring a Resident Computer Lab. Call for details, 247-2788. EOH.

2 BEDROOM DUPLEX. Deck, yard, golf course, unfurnished. $600/month plus deposit. Available April 1st. 731-2255.

2 BEDROOMS, 2 full baths, brand new with washer, dryer, fridge, single garage. Superb, quiet location. $775 per month plus deposit. Sunetha, 731-4344.

SPACIOUS 2 AND 3 BEDROOM in 4-plex, becoming available from April through August. Superb location, year lease. $595 and $695 plus some utilities. Call John, 303-881-1407 or Lee, 264-3210.

DAY, WEEK, MONTH. 3/2, riverfront log between town and ski area. 264-4866.

NICE COUNTRY HOME on 5 acres, 7 miles south of town, 3 bedroom, 1 bath. Beautiful views, private. Available April 15, $800 per month, plus security deposit, month to month lease. Ronda, 884-7384, or 759-3552.

CUTE 2 BEDROOM, 2 bath house for rent. $875 per month, near golf course. Available now. 731-3690.

LEASE WITH OPTION to buy. 3 bedroom, 2 bathroom mobile on two lots. Great views. $800 per month, water and sewage is included. 731-2798.

511 LAKE IN VISTA. 2 bedroom, 1 bath. $540/month plus utilities. First, last, $500 deposit. No dogs. 970-731-2610.

PERFECT FOR COUPLE 1 bedroom secluded cabin. Grow dome, garage, pets okay. Surrounded by National Forest. Lower Blanco Rd., $775/month plus utilities. 264-5386 or 946-2484, ask for Chris.

VACATIONERS. Completely furnished 2 bedroom, 2 bath condos close to Village Lake and Rec Center. Sleeps 6 to 8 people. No smokers. 731-9414.

2 BEDROOM 1 bath, great views, furnished. $875. 3 bedroom, 2 baths completely remodeled. $1100. (719) 338-6867. Fax: (719) 540-2224.

WANT TO RENT A ROOM in your home. Mature woman with well trained cat. Responsible with references. 505-323-2945.

AVAILABLE MID MAY. 2 bedroom, 2 bathroom duplex apartment. Garage, storage, W/D hook up, gas heat. Landlord takes water and garbage. $800 per month. See at 516 Park Ave. Leave message at 731-3213.

VACATION RENTAL. Fully furnished, custom home. 4 bedroom, 2 bath, accommodates 12. Great mountain and lake views. No pets, no smokers. $895 weekly or $1595 monthly. References required. 888-793-4541 or

VACATIONERS: EXCEPTIONALLY CLEAN and well-maintained two story condo. Two bedrooms (sleeps four maximum), 1-3/4 baths, fully furnished with well-equipped kitchen. Located in core area, close to new City Market. $450 weekly. NO PETS and NO SMOKERS - NO EXCEPTIONS! Contact owners (970) 731-2017 (evenings best).

LARGE ONE BEDROOM apartment between Fairfield and downtown. No smoking or pets. References and deposit required. $550 including utilities. 264-4264.

NEWLY REMODELED HOUSE, 3 bedroom, 1 bathroom in town. Quiet neighborhood, $700 per month, no pets. Application, references accepted at 164 S. 7th St.

LAKE HATCHER, NEWLY REFINISHED 3 bedroom, 2 bath on lake on 3/4 acre lot. $1000 per month. 6 months or more lease. (303)988-4174.

FURNISHED 2 BEDROOM, 2 bath. Amazing views, nice house, Lake Hatcher. $900/month. 946-0130.


TIMESHARE, WEEK 2 (Jan. 12-19). Fairfield, Master's Place, 2 bedroom, 3 queen beds, Jacuzzi, ground floor, $2,750. An absolute steal - divorce. 928-649-9998.


ADOPT FROM THE Humane Society. Stop by or call 731-4771. You'll be amazed at what we have to offer.

MINIATURE WHITE CHIHUAHUA, $300. Not good with children under 5. 731-9119, evenings.

ADORABLE SHIH TZU PUPPIES $350, AKC $450, with shots. Available after May 12 and May 19. 731-9007.


WWW.PAGOSAMORTGAGE.COM Free mortgage information on-line. Get pre-qualified or completely pre-approved from the comfort of your home or office. Jim Askins, Fairway Mortgage-Pagosa Springs, (970) 731-3100 or toll free 800-326-2100.

GERMAN FOOD, HOMEMADE CAKES, ready picked up, delivered, or cook at your place, for small occasion. 264-0345.

CARPENTRY/HANDYMAN General maintenance, remodels, painting, drywall, etc. No job too small. Blair Jackson, 749-4252 or 264-6002 evenings.

FOR A CONSTRUCTION clean up, at its best. Contact Odd Jobs Unlimited 264-2994. Insured.

FOR ALL YOUR ROOFING NEEDS, new or re-roof, rain gutters, insured, experienced since 21 years. Edelweiss - Andy, 264-0345.

CONSTRUCTION CLEAN-UP. - Anything goes inside and out. 731-1313.

WE'RE EXPANDING! MOUNTAIN SNAPSHOTS is growing to better meet the photographic needs of our community. Watch for a larger selection of quality frames, albums, mats, and photo accessories; including digital, and a new studio. Thanks Pagosa for supporting small business!

CUSTOM FRAMING AND MATTING - Reasonable prices, quick service. Jan Brookshier, 264-4275 after 6 p.m.

FORK LIFTS FOR HIRE Caribou Construction. 731-9848 or 946-2488.

LOCAL AND LONG DISTANCE moving services. Reliable and reasonable. Call 731-1313.

T.V. TROUBLES? Call Mike! Mike's TV. Since 1979. 264-2788.

HOUSEKEEPING. WILL CLEAN house or office. Reasonable rates. Call 749-3880.

TRAGER SENIOR PRACTITIONER. Non- intrusive, deeply penetrating bodywork. Effective for stress, pain, dysfunctional holding patterns. Uses gentle compression, rocking movement to reach deepest areas of constriction. 264-4030.

PROFESSIONAL MASSAGE Relaxation massage, stress relief, pain relief, deep tissue, energy work. Home 264-6680, office 264-4003.

FIRE BREAKS - TREE TRIMMING, thinning, pruning, and removal including brush clearing and weed eating. Brian, 264-2683.

BAT PROTECTION/ ROOF RESCREWING. Broken vent repairs, snow diversions, gutter installation, weather vane sales and installation. Free estimates. Arlie's Chimney Sweep, 731-2543.

ROOF REPAIR Ice damage, wind damage, loose screws, leaks. Also sheds, decks, fences & barns. Prompt & reliable. Dan Snow 731-3171.

PET SITTING AND PLANT CARE Dogs, cats, horses, all ranch sitting, exotics. Reliable, excellent references. Animal Massage Therapist, 264-6680.

WELDING: Equipment repair, custom gates, trailers, cattle guards, deck railings, dump boxes. Call with your job, we will do it right and price it right. Frank, (970)731-0242 or Rolan, (970)731-5553.

FRENCH TRAVEL SPECIALIST offers expert trip planning, cultural debriefing, and French lessons! Check out and call 970-731-9945.

HOME REPAIRS/HANDYMAN Carpentry, decks, ceramic tile, painting, room additions. No job too small. By David, (970) 749-4625.

EXCAVATION AND TRUCKING No job too big or small. 20 years experience. Local references, fully insured. Call 731-1146 for quotes and prompt reliable service. Tufco Inc., Jeff Hunts.

23 YEARS IN PAGOSA. All aspects of carpentry from decks to additions. Repair work. Quality workmanship, reliable service. 264-5100.

ARE YOU LOOKING FOR a cleaning person who is reliable, thorough, and does a consistently good job? I have years of experience and excellent local references. Call 731-0323.

WINDOW WASHING - Professionally done. Residences. Reasonable prices. 264-2919 (evenings), 382-4064 (page any time).

SKID LOADER SERVICES. Gravel, snow, dirt, post holes, etc. Cheap and reliable. 731-9374 or 749-4247, David Medina.

REMODELING Additions, kitchen & bath makeovers, cabinetry, closet spaces, countertops, tile, natural stone, fireplaces. No job too small. 25 years experience. Jeff, 731-4122.

FULL SERVICE BOOKKEEPING, payroll, and business consultation. Are you satisfied with your current bookkeeping service? Or just too busy to keep up with it yourself? Let me show you what service is all about. Local references available upon request. Call David 264-1243.

LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS - Professional design, installation. Residential or commercial. Certified and insured. Free estimates. Arlie's Chimney Sweep 731-2543.

SPRING CLEANUP, LAWN maintenance, free estimates! Reliable! 731-9806.

MARY KAY Loretta Hildebrandt Independent Beauty Consultant. 124 Paradise Pagosa Springs, CO 81147. (970) 731-3645, (888) 485-2955 toll free.

COMPUTER CONSULTANT. INTERNET RESEARCHER. In home, basic Internet/ computer tutoring, database design/ business application consultant. Teena Murray, 731-4239.

STUCCO AND PLASTER - (interior) exterior for all your stucco needs. Call 264-6978. Lopez Stucco and Plaster. Call now for your discount.

MOUNTAIN HOME AND RANCH caretakers. Dedicated to the home caretaking and maintenance needs of property owners. 749-3069.

DON'T WAIT UNTIL IT'S too late. Let us put your lawn care on our schedule. You'll be happy with the results of our work. Call for a free estimate. Home Maintenance and Repair. 731-5854.

ARE YOU READY for the "no see ums" this year? Let us come to your house and repair those worn screens. We can rescreen your frames or build you complete new ones. We also offer new patio screen doors. Call for a free estimate. Home Maintenance and Repair. 731-5854.

AFFORDABLE FRAMING: A complete professional shop. Archival framing. Needlework, we use lacing. Canvas transfers, dry mounting. Prints & posters. Lots of in stock mouldings. Call Linda Lerno, 731-5173.

GATES AND GATE ENTRY systems. Complete line of gates and entry systems or we will build your custom design. Call for free estimate, (970)731-3177 or, online catalog at

CRUISE PLANNERS - SALLY BISH. Great prices, excellent service. 731-5338, 800-634-0064.

JLM INC. NO JOB too small. Specializing in: Road grooming, back-filling, compacting. Job site construction trash trailers available. (970)731-1194, cell (970)946-6262.

REAL ESTATE LOANS - Local residents representing the #1 mortgage company in Colorado. Competitive rates, Professional service and New Age technology gives us the edge. Apply anytime at or call 264-6482 for quotes and information. 24-hour approval.

FENCING ALL TYPES from barb wire to your own design. Call for free estimate, (970)731-3177 or look us up on the web at

THE MOVING CO. Big jobs, small jobs, we do them all. Long hauls, short hauls, give us a call. 731-0188.

FREE BABYSITTING: Community Bible Church, 1st and 3rd Fridays of each month, 6:30-9:30 p.m. Call 731-3143 for information and to register your child.

DREAMWORK. HAVING DREAMS and don't understand message? I enjoy helping. Barbara Conkey, 731-6877.

RELAXING MASSAGE - Stress and pain relief, deep tissue, Swedish, Shiatsu. Home 264-1779, office 731-1227.

PAGOSA MOUNTAIN HOMES: From batter boards to the ridge; rough-in and finish. New construction and remodel. 20 years experience. Call Kordian, 264-5087 or 946-6498.


THE RIO GRANDE HEADWATERS Restoration Task Force seeks coordinator to lead implementation of interdisciplinary restoration of the Rio Grande, San Luis Valley, in Colorado. Job requires grant writing, communication, and consensus building skills among diverse interests. Education and/ or experience in river and irrigation systems, river ecology and river restoration techniques is desirable. Salary range from $30,000 to $45,000 plus benefits, but commensurate with education and qualifications. Send letters of intent and resumes to the San Luis Valley Water Conservancy District, PO Box 509, Alamosa CO 81101, 719-589-2230, Fax 589-2270,

PONDEROSA DO IT BEST now accepting applications for lumber yard help. CDL preferred. Full benefits, good wages. Come by for an application, 2435 W. Highway 160, Pagosa Springs.

THE SPRING INN is accepting applications for housekeepers, weekends a must. Please apply in person. Hot bath privileges included.

PONDEROSA DO IT BEST now accepting applications for small engine repair mechanic/manager. Experience preferred. Full time, good wages, great benefits. Apply at 2435 W. Hwy. 160.

SECRETARY FOR ONE person law office. Must be computer literate; knowledge of WordPerfect, Timeslips a plus. Must possess excellent secretarial and communication skills and be a self-starter. Send letter of interest and resume to P.O. Box 129, Pagosa Springs 81147 or fax (970)264-2998.

CIRCLE T/ ACE HAS an immediate opening for a real people person who can handle heavy phone activity and maintain our accounts receivable. Other duties to be added - excellent benefits package. Pick up application or bring resume. 264-4154.

EARN $$$ HELPING MDs! Process medical claims from home. Call the Federal Trade Commission to find out how to spot medical billing scams. 1-877-FTC-HELP. A message from The Pagosa Springs SUN and the FTC.

HELP WANTED Colorado licensed journeyman electrician. Permanent position in Pagosa Springs. Residential and light commercial experience required. 264-5133.

RECEPTIONIST/ STAFF ASSISTANT: PT. Must be able to coordinate with all offices and departments, answer phone, schedule appointments, collect payments, and maintain confidentially. Ability to remain calm under pressure is essential. Requires good people skills and good telephone presence. Must have good computer skills, including data entry and MS Word. Medical office experience preferred. $7.69 - $8.16/ hour DOE plus benefits. EEO and AA employer. Send resume to Human Resources, SWCMHC; Re: Front Desk; PO Box 1328, Durango, CO 81302, fax (970) 247-5255 or email

Full-time Bookkeeper needed Monday - Friday, 8 - 5, for temporary position (May 1 - August 10). QuickBooks experience helpful, but will train. Good wage. Apply in person. AAA Propane, Inc., 355 South Highway 84.

APPLICATIONS NOW BEING accepted for part-time front desk/ shipping clerk. Must be able to work evenings and weekends. Apply in person, 317 Hot Springs Boulevard.

CURVES FOR WOMEN is accepting applications for a fill-in trainee to work 3 nights per week and 1 week per month. Must be flexible, some experience preferred but not necessary. 117 Navajo Trails Drive, behind the Hogs Breath. 731-0333.

SERIOUS ABOUT A JOB? We are looking for good staff members at the Best Western/ Squirrel's. Restaurant, maintenance and housekeeping. Please apply in person or call 264-4173, ask for Shanah.

SURVEYOR'S HELPER; experienced only. Pay DOE. 6pm to 8pm call 264-1120.

PARELLI NATURAL HORSEMANSHIP - Immediate opening for Administrative Assistant. Applicants must be extremely organized, flexible, people-oriented, professional and have excellent phone skills. Technical skills required: 40 wpm, Microsoft Word, Excel and Email. Individual must enjoy a fast-paced work environment while maintaining ongoing organization with flexibility to support after-hour and weekend events. Please fax resume with cover letter to Mary, PNH at 970-731-9422.

LANDSCAPING AND MAINTENANCE company now taking applications for the season. Call for directions to pick up application. Ross Enterprises, 731-9578.

PAGOSA NURSERY CO. is looking for seasonal full time & part time help. Plant knowledge & retail experience helpful, references required. Inquiries at 166 Bastille Dr. or call 731-4126.

WANTED: VOLUNTEERS FOR Parks and Recreation field day. Bring tools and a lunch. April 20 at the complex. Call 264-4151, ext. 231.

FULL-TIME HOUSEKEEPER NEEDED. Must be available to work weekends. Apply in person, The Spa Motel.

NAVAJO STATE PARK HIRING for seasonal Park Ranger, Environmental Interpreter, and Maintenance positions. $5.55 to $8.33/ hour. Contact park office at 883-2208 for detailed job descriptions and application. Apply by May 1st.

ARE YOU TIRED of the same old job, having a boss hang over your shoulder? Are you looking for a rewarding career? Community Connections is seeking individuals to work, teach and mentor adults with developmental disabilities. Join the many people who enjoy connecting with the community, having fun and making a difference in someone's life. Great benefits, paid training and flexible schedules. Please call Cristina Long at 731-5548, Monday through Wednesday.

NAIL TECHNICIAN NEEDED to work part-time to full-time in busy salon. Studio 160. Call 731-2273 or 731-9362.

VILLAGE TEXACO is seeking motivated individuals for part time or full time positions. Health benefits after 1 year of employment. Apply in person, North Pagosa Blvd. and Highway. 160. Ask for Kevin.

THE PAGOSA LODGE, 3505 W. Highway 160 is seeking professionals to fill the position of Houseman. Maintenance experience is required. Competitive pay scale, spa privileges for you and your family. Apply in person.

TOW TRUCK DRIVER, immediate opening, CDL required. Call Cody at Buckskin Towing, 264-2500.

TELEMARKETERS, IF YOU are computer literate, type 40 wpm, have an excellent telephone voice and a positive personality, this could be the opportunity for you! $8/ hour plus commission. Email resume to DCI Technical Services,

AUTOMOTIVE TECHNICIAN, experience required, front end and diagnostic experience preferred. Call Cody at Buckskin Towing. 264-2500.

NEEDED - WEEKEND LAUNDRY & housekeepers. Apply in person at the First Inn.

PHARMACIST. MAKE EXTRA money in 2002. Relief work in hosp., retail, LTC settings. Occasional travel. 1-800-318-5681.

SUMMER HELP WANTED Chef/kitchen manager, 6 nights a week. References required, excellent starting wage DOE. Also seeking waitstaff, bartenders and dishwashers. Mammy's Kitchen & Whiskey Bar, Lake City, CO. (970)944-2840, please leave message.

EXPERIENCED CLOSER POSITION. Great Divide Title is seeking an experienced closer. Competitive wages and benefits. Please apply in person or send resume. 63 Talisman Drive, #1, Pagosa Springs.

CPR TITLE IS SEEKING Highly Motivated Professionals for various positions. Must be reliable, attentive to detail, outgoing and have excellent communication and people skills. Excellent Benefit package. Please contact Jeanene at (970)731-2771 to set up appointment.

CARPET & UPHOLSTERY CLEANING tech. Customer service & quality minded only need apply. IICRC certified a plus. Hourly with future management opportunity. 731-5200.

HEAD HOUSEKEEPER POSITION. San Juan Motel, 264-2262.

CARPENTER'S HELPER WITH tools and transportation. Call 731-9238.

ATTORNEY WANTED on contingency basis to take on multi-million dollar lawsuit against the State of Kansas, SRS, and local law enforcement there for aiding and abetting the parental kidnapping of our mentally ill 13 year old child, and 8 years of previous neglect and misconduct. This is a serious case, and we want serious responses only. Call Jim or Cecilie (970)731-6116.

MAN WANTED FOR concrete work. Must have driver's license. 946-3710.

PHARMACIST FOR PERM. hospital position in Southern Colorado. Call 1-800-318-5681.

RESPIRATORY CRT AND RRT. Make extra money with local and travel assignments. (719) 630-7500.

PHYSICAL AND OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS. For rehab assignments statewide. 719-630-7500.

FRAMERS WANTED & HELPERS. $8-$14 per hour, depending on experience. 731-2344 after 5:30.

BEAR CREEK SALOON is accepting applications for all positions: bartending, waitstaff, cocktail and kitchen help. Day, night and weekend positions available. Experience preferred. Must be 18 to apply. Apply in person.

DRIVER NEEDED YEAR round. Trash experience preferred. Local company. Call 264-4891.

HELP WANTED: VOLUNTEERS for the 2002 season to help with Native American events at archaeological sites in the Four Corners region sponsored by Friends of Native Cultures. For more information, call Caroline Brown at 731-4248.

DENTAL ASSISTANT wanted for rewarding position. We value a commitment to strong work ethic, people skills and an attitude of serving others. If this is you, we would love to have you join our team. Please FAX your resume to 731-6604.

NEEDING IMMEDIATE ADULT daytime sitter for 2-year-old girl. Must live in Pagosa Lakes area. Starting April 1st through June 3rd. Call 731-9119, evenings.

PART TIME, FULL TIME cook, counter help, dishwashing. Call 731-4050.


ESTABLISHED FOOD BUSINESS, with good reputation for sale. Wife/ husband business, with no employees and low overhead. Would also train buyers. $50,000. Also for sale, property with home. 264-2017.

ESTABLISHED ENGINEERING BUSINESS for sale. Great hourly income part time or full time. 970-264-2882.

BUILDER SEEKS INVESTMENT partner(s) for spec home building. Lon Ray Nye, 731-4894.

COLUMBINE CATERING LUNCH truck business for sale. Established route since 1999. Call 264-9331.


976 DODGE MOTOR HOME, runs good, needs work, $750 OBO. Jim 731-2115 or Robert 731-0316.

2000 BAYLINER. OPEN bow, custom CD stereo, never beached, always garaged, has only 25 hours. Showroom condition! Moving. $11,400. (970)946-3742.

1998 BOUNDER, 31 FT., Ford Chassis, Banks exhaust system, queen bed, satellite, 4K generator, always garaged, 12,000 miles, $43,000. (970)731-9381.


BEAUTIFUL KITCHEN CABINET displays for sale. Contact Affordable Kitchens at 731-7000 for details.

WINDOWS, LOW-E, TEMPERED. Need building materials or have extra, stop by the Re-Store on 298 Bastille Drive every Saturday at 10 AM. All proceeds go toward building homes for Habitat for Humanity of Archuleta County. Thanks for your support.

POTTERY CLASSES. LEARN throwing, handbuilding, glazing and firing. Make new friends. Spring 6-week session registration now. Call for information. 731-2207. Instructor Gail Hershey.

AMNESTY - FINES FORGIVEN. Bring your overdue books and some canned goods back to the library by April 15th and you won't pay any fines.

CLOSET OVERLOADED? EXCLUSIVELY Elizabeth's is now taking private appointments for Spring and Summer women's and juniors' top quality clothing and accessories to consign. Thank you to all for trusting and believing in us. It is a great success. Please call 264-6413 for appointment.

AFFORDABLE QUALITY CARPENTRY. 26 years experience, 10 years in Pagosa. Would like to work with homeowner. 264-4681.

MOVING SALE: 104 B. East Golf Place. Furniture, toys, miscellaneous. Saturday and Sunday, 8 to 5.

FREE TO A LOVING home. Female 8 year-old red heeler dog. Fantastic personality. Loves people. Call 731-9065.

REAL ESTATE LOANS - Local residents representing the #1 mortgage company in Colorado. Competitive rates, Professional service and New Age technology gives us the edge. Apply anytime at or call 264-6482 for quotes and information. 24-hour approval.

1989 SUBURBAN 4X4. Bench seats, good interior, runs good. $5,250. 970-946-4757.

WANT TO TRADE - 1993 Viking pop-up pickup bed camper for comparable bumper pull type camper. 731-5143.

MEET MAMIE, candidate for County Commissioner. Tues., 8am, WolfTracks, Wed., 8am, Elkhorn Cafe, Thurs., 8am, Pagosa Baking Co. Paid for by the committee to elect Mamie Lynch, Linda VanPatter, Treasurer.

9-MONTH-OLD PUREBRED Boston Terrier, female, for sale. Call evenings, 731-3245.

PAGOSA BAKING COMPANY, 238 Pagosa Street, Downtown, will be closed Sunday, April 14 through Thursday, April 25. Reopen on Friday, April 26 with a BIG Thanks-to-locals SALE through the weekend. Stock up on bread and sweets now for your pantry or freezer. 264-9348 or 264-0051.


IS IT TIME TO CLEAN YOUR FREEZER OUT? Bring your meat and fish to The Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park. Help to feed wolves, coyotes, mountain lions, bobcats, grizzly bear and black bear. 5 miles South on Highway 84. 264-5546.

**CASH! SOLD REAL ESTATE? Carried financing? I buy owner-financed trust deeds, contracts. Any size, location. Pat O'Brien, (505)823-2877, (800)347-9501.

RENTAL NEEDED. 3 plus bedrooms, horse property, high quality renters. 264-2028.

WANT TO PURCHASE minerals and other oil/gas interests. Send details to: P.O. Box 13557, Denver, CO 80201. 33-32/03.

WRITER/ NURSE SEEKS long-term housesitting arrangement in Pagosa Springs. Numerous references available. (970)533-7729, Maria. E-mail


ANNUAL POWER HOUSE AUCTION - Now accepting donations of new or like-new items. If interested, call 264-4403.

AMNESTY - FINES FORGIVEN. Bring your overdue books and some canned goods back to the library by April 15th and you won't pay any fines.

BE SURE TO check for more yard sales in the Too Late To Classify section.

MOVING SALE: Saturday April 13, 10a.m. to 4p.m. 1414 Buttress, Meadows IV. Power lawnmower, electric dryer, upright freezer, Gym Dandy jungle gym, Avon products, Sears 10hp. 32" trac snowblower, adult and kids clothes, toys and games, lots of miscellaneous. PLEASE NO EARLIES.

YARD SALE SATURDAY, April 13, 8-3. Lots of good stuff. Household items, clothes and some construction items. If inclement weather, repeat April 20. 272 1st Street.

SPRING YARD SALE! x-co. skiis, snowboard, freezer, loft bed, table loom, rabbit cage. Sat. 8-12. 58 Carefree Pl.


ESTATE SALE, 66 Carino Place. Saturday, April 13, 10-4. CASH ONLY.

MOVING SALE. FRIDAY and Saturday, April 12 and 13, 9 to 4, 1304 Hersch in Meadows. RV, appliances, furniture, bedding, horse, tack, AG supplies, clothing, especially girls pre-teen, tools and equipment such as band saw, scroll saw, nail guns, welders and lots of other stuff!


IF ANYONE has lost their pet, please call the Humane Society of Pagosa Springs, 731-4771. www.humanesocietyofpagosasprings. org.

FOUND: fishing rod and reel. Fairfield area, owner call and identify. 731-5777.


Community News

April 11, 2002

Chamber News

By Sally Hemeister

PREVIEW Columnist

Ride The Rockies host homes needed

I put out a call last week, and I'm putting out another this week. We are woefully short of host homes for Ride The Rockies cyclists who have requested home stays this year and would be most grateful for any donated beds on the night of Sunday, June 16.

You will find all the information you need in the following paragraph, but basically you just need to provide a bed for a cyclist and nothing more. For cyclists who have done this tour for years, many prefer the home-stay program because they feel they get a much closer connection to the community. There is also the added bonus that these folks are the ones most likely to return to our fair Pagosa. Please consider hosting a biker or two for just one night and give us a call or come by to pick up a form. We need your help on this one, folks.

There will be from 3,000-3,500 bodies included in this group (bikers, organizers, control and logistical people, and family and friends) all of whom will be seeking lodging. Approximately 1,000-1,500 will stay at campground facilities set up outside at the high school, 500 in the high school and the balance will stay at local lodging properties and in private homes. Hosts will be asked to pick up their cyclist(s) at the high school at 6 p.m. and return them before 6 a.m. Monday morning. You are not asked to feed them although certainly you are free to do so if you choose.

In 1991, Pagosa Springs was chosen "Best Host Community" by all participating cyclists, so it is especially important that our community provides the very warmest hospitality to our guests, and the "Adopt a Cyclist" program plays a very large role in this.

Please come by the Visitor Center to pick up your form and return it to us by April 15. We have already received hundreds of calls from cyclists, many of whom are interested in the "home stay" program. Give us a call at 264-2360 with any questions.

Ross tourney

I ran into a young man at 9Health Fair who was sporting a Dirk and Colt Ross Memorial Basketball Tournament jacket and asked if he planned to participate again this year, and he assured me that he had played every year and this year was no exception. He also indicated that they already had their 24 teams, but it's worth a call to Troy Ross to make sure that they have everyone they need.

The tournament will be held April 18, 19, 20 and 21. There will be three divisions: Open, 6 feet and under, and 35 and over, and the fee is $175 per team with a 10-player maximum on each team. Prizes will be awarded to first, second, third and fourth place teams, the All-Tournament Team, Tournament MVP, Mr. Defense, Mr. Hustle, Slam-Dunk Contest, 3-Point Shootout and door prizes aplenty. Proceeds from this event will go to a scholarship fund to benefit local youth of Pagosa and Ignacio. For more information, contact Troy Ross at 264-5265. Please plan to attend what looks like a very entertaining event.

Volunteer fair

We're excited to announce our first-ever event designed to fit just the right volunteer to just the right organization. This was the brainchild of Robbie Schwartz, and we are delighted to follow through and implement such a fine idea. We have already sent out announcements and information to all our organizations and nonprofits, so if you haven't received a mailing on this, please just give a call and we will send one off to you.

Basically, all nonprofits and organizations that utilize the time and talents of volunteers are invited to purchase a booth at the Extension Building, April 27, from 10 a.m.-2 p.m. to share information about themselves with any interested potential volunteers and hopefully recruit some new blood in the process. Booths will be 10 feet wide and 8 feet deep, and a table and two chairs will be included. The booth fee is $35 and proceeds will be used to market the event and cover cleaning fees. Please take advantage of this opportunity to "sell" your organization. Booth spaces are limited, so we encourage you to sign up promptly. The deadline for inclusion is Friday, April 19, and give us a call with any questions at 264-2360.

Music in the Mountains

Thank heavens we can announce that we have the tickets for Music in the Mountains because we have received many, many phone inquiries about these jewels. In case you haven't heard, Music in the Mountains is coming to Pagosa Springs July 17 and 22 at the BootJack Lodge thanks to the generosity of owners, David and Carol Brown. These classical music concerts are enjoying their 16th season in Durango, and MIM President, Jim Foster, is hopeful we will find enough support in Pagosa to hold them here annually.

The first concert will be held July 17 at 6 p.m. with acclaimed violinist Vadim Gluzman and his wife, Angela Yoffe, accompanying him on the piano. One hundred fifty people can be accommodated by the Lodge for this performance which will be followed by dinner. Tickets for this first benefit concert are $100.

The second concert will feature pianist and Van Cliburn medalist, Aviram Reichert with soprano, Gemma Kavanagh-Sullivan and will take place July 22 at 6 p.m., followed by a wine and cheese reception. Tickets for this concert are $45.

We encourage everyone to support Music in the Mountains on this maiden voyage so that we can look forward to their visits in Pagosa for many years to come.

Movin' members

Artemisia Botanicals Company has a new location, and we're happy to give you that information so that you can stop by and say hello to them in their new digs. They are now located at 216 Pagosa Street right next to Mariani's Bakery and Cafe. They continue to carry high-quality organic and wild harvested tinctures, teas and bodycare plus essential oils, bulk herbs and spices, books, gifts and more.

Week of the Young Child

Amy Hill has announced the annual Kid's Fair to be held April 20 in conjunction with the Week of the Young Child, at the Pagosa Springs Elementary School from 10 a.m.-2 p.m This is an opportunity for your business or organization to show support for the children in our community by providing a fun activity for them at your booth at the Fair. There will be several raffle drawings throughout the day, and raffle donations would be greatly appreciated. If you would like more information or a booth registration form, please contact Amy at 731-9152 and leave a message.

Volunteers needed

The Archuleta County Fair is looking for volunteers to help with the Fair this year, Aug.1-4. Contact Debra Zenz at 264-0393 or 946-5993 for more information. Volunteer registration forms are available at the Chamber of Commerce or the CSU Extension Office at the fairgrounds.


The Archuleta County Victim Assistance Program is bringing back the comedy troupe, IMPROV-O-RAMA, for a third year and invite you to join them April 20 at the Pagosa Springs High School Auditorium at 7 p.m. IMPROV-O-RAMA has been performing for groups around the state since 1993 and models itself after the Drew Carey ABC show, "Whose Line Is It Anyway?" in which audience suggestions are transformed into hilarious comedy skits.

Advance tickets for this show are $7 for adults, $5 for students and seniors, and children five and under are free. You will pay a dollar more at the door, so run on down to WolfTracks Bookstore and Coffee Company, Moonlight Books or the Sisson Library to pick up your tickets today. All proceeds from this performance will go to the Archuleta County Victim Assistance Program for support services for victims of violent crime. Please call 264-9075 for more information.

Garage sale

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council will sponsor a garage sale at the Town Park Gallery on April 27 from 8 a.m.-2 p.m. with refreshments and bargains galore. They would appreciate your tax-deductible donations, and you may drop them off at the gallery April 16-20 and April 23-24 from 10 a.m.-5:30. They will also be happy to pick up any items if you give them a call at 264-5020.


Four new members to welcome this week and six renewals. Life is good at the Chamber of Commerce, and we feel fortunate indeed for our lovely membership.

We are delighted to welcome Sharla Gallegos who brings us The 19th Hole Restaurant and Bar located at 164 North Pagosa Boulevard (formerly Paradise Pizza and Pub). We can look forward to their grand opening around the first of May and encourage you to look for that announcement. The restaurant/bar combination will serve great sandwiches, salads, pizza, steaks and virtually something for everyone. For more information, you can call 731-1919. Look for opening info.

Our next new members are Amy and Will Solenthaler with the A & W Trailer Service located at 113 Hopi Drive, Unit C. A & W Trailer Service offers a complete line of trailer parts inventory and repair. You'll find lights, brakes, bearings, seals for up to 8K axles, brake controllers, hardware, welding and light fabrication. Also available is a good selection of steel and aluminum. To learn more, please call 731-0664. We thank Kathryn Heilhecker for recruiting the Solenthalers and will send another SunDowner pass to add to her healthy collection.

Petra Joy joins us next with a lot of Joy - Joy Automotive (Joy Racing-Joy Auto Parts-Joy Machine) located at 333 Bastille Drive. Joy Automotive is a full service automotive repair facility for imports and domestic vehicles with a tire store as well. ASE Master. They also manufacture IMCA stock cars in their complete metal shop. Around the first of May, look for the opening of their full-service machine shop and auto parts store. You can give Petra a call at 731-3459 for more information about Joy Automotive.

Jerry Jackson joins us next as a Realtor Associate with Coldwell Banker/The Pagosa Group located at 2383 U.S 160. Jerry offers buyer representation at no additional cost to you as well as 25 years experience. We congratulate Jerry on his recent victory in the town trustee election and on becoming a Chamber member.

Our renewals this week include Nancy Guilliams with the Piedra River Resort located in Chimney Rock; Nannette Colaizzi with Pinon Park Campground & RV Resort in Arboles; Sheri Lee with Habitat for Humanity of Archuleta County, Inc.; Julia Anne Donoho with Donoho & Associates, Architects; Debra Stowe with Great Divide Title and Lisa Higgins with Made in Colorado Shoppe. Thanks to each and every one.

Senior News

By Janet Copeland

SUN Columnist

Seniors to give spring a 'bright' welcome Friday

Spring has arrived in Pagosa Springs - the daffodils are blooming and the urge to work in the yard has helped get us out of the house, though some of our bodies are rebelling at all the extra activity. Tomorrow the seniors will celebrate spring and we're asking everyone to wear their brightest colors.

Thanks so much to Jennie from Artemesia Botanicals who gave a wonderful presentation on herbs and their uses. She demonstrated some delightful products. We all left smelling like a flower garden.

On Monday Carla Shaw from the Krafting Post will conduct a craft class at the Center. All you crafters, please join us for a fun time.

We are so happy to have Dorothy Million back with us and mostly recovered from her illness. Also, our prayers are with Ruth Schutz for a quick recovery from her recent injury.

We welcomed back Mary and Bruce Muirhead, the Carrannantes, Liz Kuhn, Kathy Kelly, Bob Hutchison, Maxine Pechin, Millie Johnson and Midge Rapp this week. It is always a pleasure to have guests/members join us.

The staff at the Senior Center needs some more volunteers. Please contact Musetta or Laura if you would be willing to donate a few hours occasionally.

Older Americans are a prime target for over 14,000 fraudulent telemarketing operations a year. To fight these criminals, AARP has a program kit called "Don't Fall for a Telephone Line," complete with a video and audio tape. CCERAP has a supply of these kits available for loan. Call Kathy Rickart at (800) 773-1366 to arrange to borrow a kit.

Speaking of telemarketers, if you are tired of being disturbed by their phone calls, contact Musetta or Laura to have your name put on the "No Call" list which will take effect this summer.

Do you have a problem you can't resolve with your auto repair shop, landlord, etc.? Still can't get your Social Security or veterans benefit check? Call for Action, a nonprofit network of consumer hotlines, may be able to help. Click on the following Internet site to find a CAF office near you: http://aarp.Uniteymail.Net/UM/T.asp?A910.11771.864.3.42818.

Calling all artists: We are having a contest for the design of a small logo reflecting the new Senior Center's name "Silver Foxes Den." We plan to have the winning logo put on mugs for the fall Oktoberfest, as well as on our brochures. Deadline for entering the contest is May 30.

Any senior desiring one-on-one instruction in the use of computers, Kurt Diedring is available to help you out. Contact the Center to sign up and Kurt will contact you to set up a time.

Other upcoming events include:

On the third Tuesday of each month, the Sky Ute Casino will provide free transportation for six to 13 seniors from the Senior Center to Ignacio and to enjoy the Casino. They will provide some gifts and reduced price food vouchers. Interested parties need to sign up at the Center.

Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday - free swimming 9 a.m.-11 a.m. at Best Western (members only) and discounts on meals

Yoga at 9:30 a.m. and art classes at 12:45 p.m. on Tuesdays

Card games at 1 p.m. Wednesdays. Also, a matinee show at Liberty Theater for seniors for $3. Call 264-4578 to let them know how many will be attending.

Crusing with Cruse

By Katherine Cruse

PREVIEW Columnist

Look out Utah: We're coming rafting

Boy, you can see the snow melting.

And the river is rising a bit, but not much. Nothing like last summer, when the meadows ran for weeks with little brooks.

So what do we do, now that skiing is over until next winter, and it's a wee bit early for hiking in the high country? We go rafting.

We go rafting while there's still some water in the rivers. Enough to float the boat.

Yep, Hotshot has a new fun activity.

It started last summer, when some members of our church organized a float trip on the Chama River for the congregation. About 30 of us went. This stretch of the Chama is a designated Wild and Scenic River. It's on the back side of the red rock amphitheater near the Ghost Ranch.

The trip was a great success. We had three rafts. One was the nursery raft, with small children and mothers and our Fearless Leader working the oars. One was the kids' raft, five or six youth and Fearless Leader's spouse, Any Day (as in "Any day on the river is a good day"). A third raft carried a more sedate bunch of adults. And for anyone who wanted a little more excitement, there were several Pac Cats.

These are sort of a cross between a catamaran and a raft, designed to carry one person. You sit on a mesh seat that's part of a metal frame lashed between two air-filled tubes. You have a doubled-ended paddle, rather like a kayaker uses. There's not much between you and the water, and getting wet is part of the experience.

Hotshot had a great time. One trip, and he was hooked. "We need a raft," he said. Well, of course we do.

In January, we bought a two-person version of the same kind of catamaran raft. Light enough for the two of us to carry. We can hoist it on top of the car and head to the river. "Do you want oars or paddles?" Hotshot asked me.

"Oars," I said. "You can be the oarsman. I can be like Cleopatra, riding on her barge."

We can carry some gear. Hotshot thinks we can carry enough to actually camp and thus make overnight trips. I think the boat will sink if we load that much gear on it.

We're about to find out.

In a couple of weeks we're going rafting. Our boat's maiden voyage will be through the canyons of the San Juan River in southeast Utah. With Fearless Leader and Any Day and a few others. They've made this trip before. They assure me that it's basically a float trip. A good trip to learn on. Even the named rapids are only Class II.

"Besides," says Any Day, "you can always ride on the raft with me, while Hotshot figures out how to steer the thing." Sounds like a plan.

We're busy getting ready. The raft is just the beginning. You need pumps to inflate the tubes. You need dry bags of various sizes to stow your gear in, and wetsuits in case the day is cold or rainy. You need webbing line with clamps, to lash the raft together and to lash things to the raft.

You need emergency stuff: a throw rope in case someone goes overboard. Pulleys and carabiners to rig a line in case the raft hangs up on some obstacle, or worse yet, "wraps" around a rock or tree, and you have to pull it clear.

Any Day and Fearless Leader showed us pictures of an earlier trip they made on the San Juan, where we'll be going. The scenery looks like parts of the Chama. It also reminded me of the Rio Grande in Big Bend National Park - the muddy water, the steep banks, the sandy pullout places lined with willows.

For six years, when we lived in Texas, spring break was a canoe trip on the Rio Grande with our kids and their Explorer Post. I know what these trips are like. Hours of gentle floating, baking under the relentless sun, slathering on more sunscreen. Suddenly you hear the water ahead, the tempo increases, and here comes the rapid. Your adrenaline increases, you sit up straight and tighten your grip on the paddle. You look for the V in the water, that indicates the course to follow.

It takes communication, sometimes very rapid communication. If you're in front, in the canoe, you also look for rocks hiding just under the surface, and you try to steer the front of the canoe to the right or left. In an ideal situation your canoe partner in the rear understands and makes the right movements with his paddle. Your canoe shifts over in the water and you slide by the rock. No problems.

It didn't always work that well. There were times when the water wanted to throw us against a rock, a big rock, maybe over at the side of a turn in the river. I'd be pulling against the current with all my might. "Paddle!" my partner would shout. "I am paddling!" I'd shout back.

Occasionally, when it was obvious that we were going to run into the rock, I'd do what Hotshot later dubbed the Eek Stroke. You hold your paddle horizontally across your body in a tight death grip and scream "Eek!" and watch the rock and the front of the canoe collide. Then the canoe sort of bounces back, and you resume paddling. Not the best technique, perhaps, but it often worked.

I understand that maneuvering a raft down the river is a little different from a canoe. I'm looking forward to Hotshot learning the techniques.

While I just sit there and watch the riverbanks glide by.

This is going to be fun.

KDUR, the Fort Lewis College Community Radio Station, hosts the Furniture as Art Auction at 7 p.m. Friday in the Durango Arts Center. Cost is $10 in advance and $12 at the door. Tickets are available at KDUR or the Durango Arts Center.

Admission includes food and two complimentary glasses of beer or wine. Admission also includes entry into a drawing for a Stanton Englehart painting valued at $650.

The station provided furniture to a variety of local artists, who had creative license to turn the furniture into art. Items will be on display throughout Durango until the night of the auction.

Contributing artists include Meagan Blane, Mike Brieger, Caroline Burton, Robin Casperi, Karyn Gabaldon, Deb Grewal, Jon Hammel, Maureen May, Krista Mikelson, Jane Morehart, Karen Pittman, Nancy Richmond, Amy Rude, Joan Levine Russell, John Squire, John Thomas, Shan Wells and Amy Wendland.

For more information, contact KDUR at 247-7634.

Pagosa Lakes News

By Larry Lynch

Property and Environment Manager

Fire specialists outline Turkey Springs reduction plan

The Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association sponsored a public meeting conducted by the U.S. Forest Service to inform local citizens of plans to implement wildfire fuel reduction programs in the Turkey Springs area of the San Juan National Forest.

Approximately 40 people were in attendance April 2 as several officials from the U.S. Forest Service, Colorado Forest Service and Pagosa Fire Protection District discussed the fuel reduction plan as well as things private residents can do to reduce the threat of wildfire on their own property.

Forest Service fire specialists kicked off the meeting with a presentation describing the current conditions of the forest and the effects that 100 years of effective fire suppression have had. Under-story, brush, litter and duff levels are at an all-time high due to the longtime policy of squelching all fires in the forest.

The Forest Service presentation described how, before the fire suppression era, wildfires would occur in a typical forest every 10-14 years, resulting in low-level, low-intensity burns that would effectively and naturally thin and reduce under-story fuels without damaging the larger trees and shrubs.

This resulted in a natural, park-like condition. This no longer holds true; fires now have the potential to climb "ladder fuels" and become high-intensity crown fires that can threaten both the forest and homes in the urban forest interface areas.

Congress recently approved funding that will allow the Forest Service to reduce these fuels through several methods. Specifically, in the Turkey Springs area, demonstration sites slated for wildfire fuel reduction will see mechanical fuel reduction (chainsaw work and brush mowing) as well as controlled burns. Controlled burns will not take place before fall of 2002 or most likely, spring of 2003, and only when conditions allow for a safe burn.

This program will go a long way in helping reduce wildfire fuels in the urban interface area, and is just the first of many such types of reduction programs on the San Juan National Forest. If you were unable to attend the meeting and have any questions or concerns about the program you can call Jo Bridges or Scott Wagner at the San Juan National Forest, Pagosa District Office, at 264-2268.

Chief Warren Grams of the Pagosa Fire Protection District gave a brief overview of last year's Vista wildfire scare. The chief described the fire and presented several slides of it. According to Grams, only the fact that a firefighting helicopter was available saved several homes from destruction. Seventy firefighters fought the blaze through the night on a close call. This demonstrates that it can happen here and we as "homeowners in a forest environment" should be prepared for such an event.

Chief Grams described several things homeowners should do to prepare themselves:

Have a bag packed during fire season that contains any basic necessities (a change of clothes, any medications you or your family members are taking, etc.). You may not have much time to evacuate. Have that bag located in an easily accessible location

Have any important documents secured in a fireproof safe

Be prepared to evacuate on a moment's notice

If you own cats, have a small kennel ready to go. Dogs can usually ride in the car with you

If you own horses or livestock, make arrangements to have them removed from the property in event of an emergency

If you have important information on your computer, make sure you have backup discs located elsewhere, either at a friend's home or at the office.

Dan Ochaki, of Colorado State Forest Service, gave a brief presentation to the audience on what a private homeowner can do to protect his or her property from the threat of wildfire. The most common method described is the "defensible space" method - a technique reducing or thinning potential fuels on your property in an effort to protect a home.

This can be done in such a way as to actually improve the appearance of your property by opening it up to a more park-like, natural appearance, and may include brush reduction, litter and pine needle reduction, and even the selection of a small number of pole-sized trees for removal. Sometimes, cutting down a tree can help; it may allow the other trees on your property to prosper while at the same time reducing the threat of crown fires.

If you are a property owner in the Pagosa Lakes community, remember that you do need a permit to remove any tree or shrub over three inches in diameter; but also know that the PLPOA supports fuel reduction and will work closely with property owners in helping to protect their property.

Come by the administration office to pick up an application or call 731-5635 with questions. There is no charge for the application and it is a simple form to fill out.

The PLPOA also has information available provided by the state forest service on how to go about putting together a fire protection plan for your home and also a limited number of larger binder packets on a check-out basis that includes a video.

If you would like assistance in determining a wildfire reduction plan for your property you can call Larry Lynch, property and environment manager at the PLPOA administrative offices at 731-5635 to set an on-site visit or to make arrangements for state forest service technicians to visit with you.

We will also be working with the fire protection district and the Colorado State Forest Service in developing a fuel reduction demonstration area in Pagosa Lakes for area residents to study, learn and glean ideas from. Look for future announcements concerning this demonstration area in upcoming publications.


Last week we ran an article that acknowledged and thanked participants in the Pagosa Lakes adopt-a-street program. We would like to apologize for omitting three participants in the Meadows area - Tom Cruse, David Bohl and Mojie Adler.

Thanks to these three as well as the other participants mentioned last week for keeping Pagosa Lakes beautiful. If you would like to adopt-a-street in your neighborhood, please call PLPOA for more details.

Local Chatter

By Kate Terry

PREVIEW Columnist

CSM: Little paper with big reputation

The Sisson Library now subscribes to the Christian Science Monitor, an international daily newspaper published Monday through Friday. It, together with the Wall Street Journal, will provide library patrons access to the two best sources in newspaper reporting, for the Monitor and WS Journal are highly regarded, and are required reading in some college courses. The Christian Science Monitor can be found for sale in a Christian Science Reading Room or on newsstands in some large cities.

The Monitor is noted for its accuracy. It has won six Pulitzers, the latest in 1996 for international coverage of the Bosnia conflict in 1995. It does not rely on wire services like AP and Reuters. It has its own writers in 11 countries including Russia, China, France, the UK, Kenya, Mexico, the Middle East and India as well as the US.

The Monitor does not have advertising except classifieds. The First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, Mass. publishes it, but it is not a religious publication for everything published is international or U.S. news, except for one religious article.

In doing research for this article, I found it interesting to find out how the Monitor get started.

Back in 1906, Mary Baker Eddy, an 86-year-old woman, wrote a book on some unconventional religious thought. It became a bestseller, making her wealthy. Considering her incapable of handling her affairs, the New York World, published by Joseph Pulitzer, took issue and persuaded some of her friends and her two sons to sue for control of her estate. Friends backed her, the case was dismissed, and a year later she started publishing the Monitor. She'd been thinking of doing this for some years. She set as the Monitor's goal "to injure no man, but to bless all mankind."

John L. Wright, who resigned from the Boston Globe, became its first city editor. He had written her a long letter eight months before the Monitor was published saying that he felt there was a growing need for a daily newspaper that "will place principle before dividends, and that will be fair, frank, and honest with the people on all subjects and under whatever pressure" - a truly independent voice not controlled by "commercial and political monopolists."

The Christian Science Monitor is a very small paper. If one is not familiar with it, one could be surprised because it isn't big and thick. But it is well written - down to earth.

Besides the Wall Street Journal and the Christian Science Monitor, Sisson Library carries the Durango Herald, the New York Times Book Review and of course the Pagosa Springs SUN. Occasionally, someone will bring in a Denver or Albuquerque paper.

Dave Cook, the Monitor's Washington bureau chief said in a talk that funny things happen in life. Joseph Pulitzer went on to endow the Pulitzer prizes for journalistic excellence, and Mrs. Eddy's paper has won Pulitzers.

Fun on the Run

After being laid off from five different jobs in four months, Joe was hired by a warehouse. But one day he lost control of a forklift and drove it off a loading dock.

Surveying the damage, the owner shook his head and said he'd have to withhold 10 percent of Joe's wages to pay for repairs. "How much will it cost?" asked Joe.

"About $4,500," said the owner.

"What a relief," exclaimed Joe. "I've finally got job security!"

Veterans Corner

By Andy Fautheree

PREVIEW Columnist

Response to clinic 'overwhelming'

The response to enrolling Archuleta County veterans for the Durango VA Clinic has been an outstanding success of late. In fact it has been overwhelming. It is obvious many or most of the veterans from this area want to use the Durango VA Clinic when it opens sometime later this year.

I would like to clarify one point I made in last week's column regarding the Durango clinic enrollment. If you are enrolled currently in the VA Health Care system at either the Farmington VA Clinic or the Albuquerque VA Hospital, you do not need to re-enroll for the Durango clinic. No further action is needed at this time. The Albuquerque Hospital District will notify Archuleta County veterans when the Durango clinic is ready to start accepting patients. A notice will be sent out to all veterans in this area of southwestern Colorado asking if the veteran would like to change primary health care from an existing Albuquerque based medical facility (Farmington, Albuquerque, etc.) to the Durango clinic.

However, if you are enrolled at Grand Junction, or some other VA medical facility not connected to Albuquerque, I would strongly urge you to contact me as soon as possible to get enrollment ready for the Durango clinic. We have quite a few veterans from Archuleta County enrolled at Grand Junction and some even enrolled in Denver and other distant VA Hospitals. Albuquerque, Denver and Grand Junction are all in different VA Hospital districts. Even though a veteran is eligible at any VA medical facility, they must re-enroll when transferring from one district to another.

In the last couple of months I have been enrolling Archuleta County veterans in both the Grand Junction VA Hospital and the Albuquerque VA Hospital. The Grand Junction hospital is accepting new patients with about a 4-6 week wait. Albuquerque is running 6-8 months behind for new patients, which would put it right about the same time for the opening of the Durango clinic. By enrolling in Grand Junction we can get veterans into VA health care right away for the short term and also set up for the long term when Durango opens. When Durango is ready, the veteran can transfer his primary health care to that facility. Because he enrolled at Albuquerque he will get notified when it is the right time to make the change.

Last Saturday I had a table at the 9Health Fair at the Pagosa Springs High School as part of my outreach programs. It was an outstanding success to meet and help local veterans with VA benefits. Some even brought their DD214 discharge papers with them to get enrolled in the VA Health Care system. I met with as many veterans as time allowed and enrolled quite a few right on the spot. A few veterans were unable to wait to see me and said they would stop by the VSO office. I apologize to any that I couldn't see because of the heavy volume of veteran interviews. Please do come down to the office.

This office will be closed all next week (April 15-19) while I attend a Veterans Service Office training conference in Denver.

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Veterans Service Office located on the lower floor of the county courthouse. Active Internet Website for Archuleta County Veterans Service Office can be found at The office number is 264-2304, the fax number is 264-5949, and E-mail is The office is open from 8 to 4, Monday through Thursday and Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.

Shepherds Staff

By Rev. Richard A. Bolland

Our Savior Lutheran Church

God defined himself; we can't do better

Traditional Christianity, with its liturgies and doctrines, has fallen out of favor in recent decades. At least if you listen to modern theologians and media outlets it certainly seems that way.

Now we want a "god" of our own invention. We prefer a god we can custom design to match our own opinions about him. Along with reinventing government, we may as well reinvent god in the process.

And to make it all seem nice, we'll just decide that everyone is worshiping the same god but just in different ways. After all, tolerance is a virtue, isn't it? Instead of man being made in God's image, it just might be more accurate to conclude that we create God in our own image instead.

And while we're at it, let's decide that the Bible isn't really God's Word after all. Maybe parts of it are and parts of it aren't or maybe none of it is. The Bible will just cramp our style if we want to define God in our own way and according to our own ideas of what He might be like.

And while we're disposing of the Bible, let's just get rid of any notion of absolute truth. After all, no one seems to be able to agree on what is true, so we'll just decide that whatever I believe is true is true and whatever you believe is true is true, even if they contradict each other completely.

By the way, if nothing is really true or truth is contradictory, then let's get rid of our old notions about morality while we're at it. Hey, after all, everyone else is doing whatever they want to, why shouldn't we? Live together without benefit of marriage? Hey, why not! Divorce your spouse for any and every reason? Well go ahead. And since the old model of family (Dad, mom and the kids) isn't working out very well since about half of all marriages end in divorce, well then, let's just redefine the family into whatever we decide it should be.

What do we get if we do all of the above? We get 21st Century America. We get sexually transmitted diseases. We get broken children from broken homes who repeat the cycle of brokenness. We get a world in which nothing is true and everything is subjective and relative. We get a real mess.

If you think, God will tolerate any notion about Him, then your haven't read the First Commandment lately. "You shall have no other God's before me." Or how about the wisdom of some of the other Commandments? "You shall not kill." "You shall not commit adultery." "You shall not steal." "You shall not bear false witness." "You shall not covet." Doesn't sound all that flexible, does it?

Some mistakenly think that the Ten Commandments are put there by a mean-spirited God who just wants to spoil all our fun, but nothing could be further from the truth. In fact, the Ten Commandments (which reflect Gold's holiness and are a summary of the entire Old Testament), are put there precisely because God loves us and wants us to enjoy life to the full.

If we do what they command, we will be protected from the terrible fallout that inevitably comes when we break them. They are a divine hedge of protection around His creatures, unfolding for them the best that life has to offer.

God is simply not amenable to being defined however it suits us. Indeed, every "model" of self-invented "god" becomes a god who resorts to a "to-do list" of things that humans must do in order to be loved by such a god.

But that is not at all the revelation of Himself that God makes in His Word, the Bible. Here's the big surprise. The real God knows we can't keep His laws. He knows that we have a problem called sin and, what's more, He has provided a singular solution to our lawbreaking.

His only begotten Son, Jesus the Christ, is His solution. Jesus keeps the law of God as a man born under the law exactly because we can't. Besides that, Jesus (the man without sin) offers His life as a sacrifice in our place for our sins. God demands perfect law keeping, and Jesus delivers with His perfect life.

God demands that every last sin ever committed by anyone be paid for, and Jesus offers His suffering and death in place of our own. The real God knows that we can't overcome death but Jesus, His Son, can't possibly stay dead because He is not at all guilty of sin.

Just a couple of weeks ago the Christians throughout the world celebrated Easter. Easter is not about bunnies and chocolate eggs, it's about the final and great deliverance of humanity from our slavery to sin, death and the grave. To those whom God has given the gift of faith and trust in what His Son has accomplished, there is no better day than Easter. It is God's triumph for us.

Forget about redefining God into conformity of our opinions of Him. Instead know the true life of God for you. You will find the One True God only in the pages of the Holy Scriptures. Don't mess with them, but believe them.

You and I simply can't improve on the real thing.

Parks & Rec

By Chris Corcoran

SUN Columnist

Town Recreation Department

Volunteers needed for ballpark complex work day

Open gym is available for volleyball and indoor soccer. If you are interested in playing call the parks and recreation department at 264-4151, Ext. 232. Or just show up at the junior high gym, pay your fees and play.

Volleyball is played 6:30-8:30 p.m. Monday and Wednesday. Indoor soccer for adults will be played 7:30-8:30 p.m. Tuesday and Thursday. Youth indoor soccer is 6-7:30 p.m. Tuesday and Thursday. Parents are encouraged to help out with the games.

Field work day

The season opener is just around the corner; local fields need some care. Volunteers are needed for a field work day to make improvements. All interested parties who have an interest in boosting the conditions at the Sports Complex fields are urged to attend the work day scheduled April 26. Bring rakes, shovels, carpentry tools, work gloves, water and a lunch. If you are interested call 264-4151, Ext. 231.

Registration, coaching

Youth registration forms are available at Town hall. If you need to register please stop by and fill out the proper forms. If you are interested in coaching a team, please contact parks and recreation.

Park Fun

Summer is coming up and school will soon be out. The Park Fun program is being developed for this summer. Look for more information in future columns.

Umpire clinic

There will be an umpires' clinic April 20, an all-day session designed to go over many concepts and mechanics. The clinic will take place outdoors at the Pagosa Springs Sports Complex. Start time is 8 a.m. A lunch break is scheduled and the clinic will end at 5 p.m.

To sign up, call parks and recreation at 264-4151, Ext. 232.

Extension Viewpoints

By Bill Nobles

SUN Columnist

Planning starts early for college-bound

Today - Cloverbuds, Methodist Church, 4 p.m.

Today - 4-H Oil Painting, Extension office, 4:30 p.m.

Tomorrow - Colorado Kids, Extension office, 2 p.m.

Tomorrow - 4-H Entomology, Extension office, 3:30 p.m.

April 13 - 4-H Cooking, Extension office, 10 a.m.

April 13 - 4-H District Fine Arts Competition, Durango, 1 p.m.

April 15 - 4-H Woodworking, Extension office, 4 p.m.

April 15 - Rocketeers, Extension office, 5:30 p.m.

April 15 - Fair Royalty rehearsal, Extension office, 6 p.m.

April 16 - 4-H Electricity, Extension office, 6:30 p.m.

Horse manure workshop

April 20, 8:30 - noon in the La Plata County Fairground's Pine Room, Durango, Colorado. Free workshop, but you must call 247-3231 to register. Learn how to compost using worms, pipes, or by turning; understand regulatory requirements for horse owners; protect water quality from manure nutrients and pathogens; calculate whether you have enough land to use the manure at home; determine optimal manure application rates; and market composted manure to sell (or give away). The free workshop is April 20, 8:30 - noon in the La Plata County Fairground's Pine Room, Durango. You must call 247-3231 to register.

Seed potatoes

The Archuleta County Extension Office is now taking orders for seed potatoes. There are two kinds available, the Sangre (red potato) and the Russet Nugget (white potato). Currently we are charging 30 cents per pound for both species. Those of you who are just starting out and are experimenting, it is our suggestion that you order 2-3 pounds of each species instead of ordering a whole lot of them. This way you can experiment and see if you like them and then order more next year. When orders arrive at the Extension office each person will be contacted to pick up their order. If you are interested in ordering seed potatoes please call 264-2388 or stop by the Extension office.

Shaping public policy

Speak up make a difference.

Legislators love to hear about issues that matter to their constituents. They deal with hundreds of proposed pieces of legislation a year and can't be expected to know that a proposed law is important to you unless you tell them.

Public policy is the result of the laws and programs that legislators at state and national levels create to govern our communities and us. Although it may seem as if lawmakers have all the power, citizens have voting power to keep or remove legislators from office. Lawmakers care what constituents, the residents of their home districts, have to say. If they don't, they are out of office. You can have powerful influence.

Take five

Simply take five minutes each day to read the newspaper, watch news broadcasts or search the Internet to become aware and knowledgeable of issues that affect you and others.

The Colorado Legislature meets from January through May each year. Typically, more than 500 bills are introduced each year. The computer has greatly enhanced the availability of information about what and when legislation will be reviewed. The State of Colorado Web site provides linkages to state government. Current status of bills is updated daily. You may also call the Bill Room (303) 866-3055 for current information.

Use your voice

Using your voice to speak out on an issue can make a big impact. Speaking out doesn't even require that you say a word. You can make a phone call, send a fax or, to some legislators, an e-mail. Legislators have a direct phone line at the Capitol and at their offices. You can find their numbers on the State of Colorado Web site.

Write a letter

Without a doubt, politicians read and count their mail. A single letter can make a difference. Most state legislators consider receiving fifteen letters on a topic to be a large opinion base. Personalized, handwritten letters are the most effective. Form letters, postcards, and petitions are read and counted but do not carry the same weight as a personal letter from a constituent.

Here are some tips to use when contacting your legislators about potential legislation:

When contacting legislators by telephone:

Identify yourself by name and home address

Identify the bill you wish to talk about, by name and number if possible

Briefly state your position and how you wish your legislator to vote

Ask for your legislator's stance on the bill or issue

Ask for a commitment to vote for your position, but don't argue if the legislator has an opposing view or has not yet decided

If your legislator needs additional information, call a supporting organization for the information and send it to your legislator as soon as possible

Recognize that legislators are often away from the office, on the floor or in committee, so you may talk to an aide or be asked to leave a voice mail message. Use the same basic rules

If you'd rather leave a message than talk in person, call in the evening.

When contacting legislators by letter or electronic methods:

Write briefly, on one subject at a time, and refer to bills by name and number. Write only one page

Make clear your position and exactly what you want your legislator to do

Personalize your communication by telling in your own words how the legislation will affect you and others you know

Sign your letter with your name and home address so that your legislator knows you are a constituent. Also include your phone number

When a legislator votes as you asked, send a thank you note.

In Sync With Isabel

By Isabel Willis

PREVIEW Columnist

No In Sync With Isabel this week.

Arts Line

By Nina Durfee

PREVIEW Columnist

Listen, look, record images of spring

Whether you are an artist, a critic, or someone who appreciates creativity, spring is a time to freshen up your viewpoint. Look around, see what nature has painted from her palette in colors of spring, listen to her message of hope, breathe the sweet scent of her breezes and feel the warmth of her touch.

Paint it, photograph it, write about it, sing about it, carve it, dance it, etch it, or wax poetic about it. Enjoy the expression of yourself.

After a brief period of hibernation, the gallery in Town Park, at 314 Hermosa St., will yawn and stretch and come back to life next Tuesday. Regular summer hours will be 10 a.m.-5:30 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday.

Prepare to enjoy the season's first exhibit at the gallery by Charla Ellis' high school art class.The exhibit opens May 2 and will be on display for three weeks. Partake of refreshments and greet the artists 5-7 p.m. on opening day.

While you're at the gallery, sign up for a Pagosa Springs Arts Council membership. The cost for an individual is $20 for a year - $30 per year for a family. Membership entitles you to discounts when you attend specified activities and productions supported by the council.

Watercolor workshop

Membership discount applies to the second watercolor workshop to be presented by Denny Rose Saturday. Class will be 9 a.m.-3 p.m. at the gallery. Cost is $65 for nonmembers and $58.50 for members. Stop by Moonlight Books to view some of Denny Rose's work.

The second workshop will focus on advanced techniques in weather painting, creating delicate detail and simple perspective, delineating snow by shadows, color mixing, matting, framing and more. Space is limited and preregistration is required. You will receive a special materials list after registration and payment. Bring a sack lunch to the workshop to enjoy during the 30-minute break.

For more information, call Jennifer at 731-3113 or the gallery at 264-5020.

For more news of Pagosa Springs Arts Council happenings, tune in to KWUF-AM at 8:05 a.m. on the second Thursday of each month. In the space of half an hour you'll be entertained with interviews and informed of upcoming artistic events and presentations.

Garage sale

Spring cleaning is always more satisfying when it's done in good company. Make your list of furniture and miscellaneous items to bring to the garage sale at the gallery. Items may be dropped off there 10 a.m.-5:30 p.m. April 16-20 and 23-24. Don't despair if you have no way to transport items. Call Joanne at 264-5020 and she'll root out the moving elves to help.

Chair event

Donate a chair, paint a chair, bid on a chair.

The Chair Event, coordinated by P.R. Bain, is part of Pagosa's annual American Cancer Society Fund-raiser. You can participate by donating wooden chairs or other small wooden furniture items for local artists to embellish.

Finished products will be offered up for bids at a silent auction during the Relay for Life. Both events begin at 6 p.m. Friday, June 21, and continue all night, culminating at 9 a.m. the following day. For more information, call Paula at 731-1009.

Volunteers welcome

Do you enjoy meeting and greeting people whose interests are the same as yours?

Volunteer to serve at the snack booths for arts council functions or help out in the gallery on occasion. Call Joanne at 264-5020 to offer your time and talent.

Library News

By Lenore Bright

PREVIEW Columnist

Sign up for library cards starts Monday

First Lady Laura Bush continues to remind everyone about the value of a free library card. She tells us, "Libraries are community treasure chests, loaded with a wealth of information available to everyone equally, and the key to that treasure chest is a library card."

We mark this year's National Library Week by thanking our patrons for their support. Starting Monday, come celebrate our 13th birthday as the Sisson Library. Come enjoy some taste treats and begin to sign up for the new library card. We had hoped to be up and running by this special anniversary, but the bar codes haven't arrived. When they do, we will have a real celebration.

Our library continues to grow in all aspects. And with that growth come the pains and pleasures of the progress. We've taken our baby steps and now we're ready for the teen-age phase. The library district is 13 years old, and bursting at the seams. We've surpassed all expectations. We are ready to embark on some exciting ventures that we trust will bring new and better services to our patrons, and we are definitely suffering growing pains.

Through the years, our library has been the recipient of many state and national grants. All of these brought financial support so that our services wouldn't be a burden to the citizens of the county. The library is funded by a small property tax. The average cost to the taxpayer is about the price of one hardback book. The new system we are installing will allow you access to 12 million items in Colorado libraries worth $1,095,090,000. Now that's a bargain.

In 2001-02 we were fortunate to receive several grants

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation donated two computers and programming.

One computer is all in Spanish and has many programs already loaded. The other one is specifically for children and, again, came loaded with excellent learning software. The value is well over $7,000.

The Hershey Foundation donated $5,000 to our book fund. The State of Colorado added another $5,000 that helped buy books and reference material.

We received a federal grant to put in a new circulation/cataloging system that will tie us to the state and national library collections - actually, to the world library collections. This year's theme is "Get Connected @ Your Library." Now you will truly be able to do just that.

The Internet changed everything - it changed the world. It may go down as the most significant invention of all time, and its uses are still being created.

But the Internet also brings with it a host of new problems as well as opportunities. Many of the older generation are uncomfortable using computers for anything. We understand the hesitancy, and all of our staff members are ready to help you find resources in the library. They will also give you lessons on using the catalog computers if you so desire. Technology is here to stay and we want to help our patrons adjust to this reality.

The ability to use the Internet is just another key to the many rich treasure chest rewards at your library.

Poised to improve

In Archuleta County we have 7,673 library users, or 67 percent of the population. This is a very good statistic, but the flip side is that the national reading scores in schools haven't made significant gains since the 1970s, and the reading of 13- to 17-year-olds has gone down a small percentage.

Children who start reading before school, and enjoy it, always do better in later years. We are committed to a strong preschool emphasis to help parents get their children on the right track. We need literate citizens for the future.

The board of trustees is exploring the possibilities of building an addition at no cost to taxpayers that will, among other things, increase the children's area to accommodate more programming for all ages. We will be surveying our patrons on library needs very soon.

Coloradans are fortunate because librarians throughout the state work hard at cooperation. We are constantly strengthening our Inter-library loan system. Our state libraries loaned and borrowed more than 300,000 items last year. The numerous library Web sites have hosted more than 27,000 hits per day already this year. The new system will open up many new electronic resources for our patrons.

The new library card will allow you to check out books from most of the Colorado libraries when you visit other towns. You may read the books, return them to us and we will mail them back to the lending library.

We've made good progress in the past thirteen years - we intend to continue improving our services to the community in the future. Come celebrate your library's progress during National Library Week, and sign up for your key to the treasure chest.

Education News

By Livia Cloman Lynch

PREVIEW Columnist

No Education News this week.

Business News

April 11, 2002

Biz Beat

Patsy Harvey, right, is the manager and Debbie Smith the assistant manager of Elements, a new store set to open April 15 in downtown Pagosa Springs.

Described as a store featuring "all the elements you need to make your house a home," Elements is located at 527 San Juan Street, Suite A, in the San Juan Plaza. Elements features an eclectic assortment of home furnishings, kitchen ware, accessories and decor items.

As of April 15, Elements will be open 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday, and 10-4 on Saturday.

Real Estate Transactions

No Land Sales this week.



April 11, 2002

PSHS sophomore wins national PE recognition

The United States Achievement Academy announced last week that Bertina Romero, a sophomore at Pagosa Springs High School has been named a United States national award winner in physical education.

Bertina was nominated for the national award by Penné Hamilton, volleyball coach and girls' physical education director at the school.

Bertina will appear in the United States Achievement Academy official yearbook, published nationally.

"Recognizing and supporting our youth is more important than ever before in America's history," said Dr. George Stevens, executive director of the academy. "Certainly, USAA winners should be congratulated and appreciated for their dedication to excellence and achievement."

Bertina is the daughter of Lisa Romero and Ernesto Rivas of Pagosa Springs and granddaughter of Thomas Romero of Albuquerque, Berlinda Archuleta of California, and Ernest Rivas and Amanda Stollsteimer of Pagosa Springs.

Criteria for selection are a student's academic performance, interest and aptitude, leadership qualities, responsibility, enthusiasm, motivation to learn and improve, citizenship, attitude and cooperative spirit, dependability and recommendation of a teacher or director.

Eighth grader's freedom essay a VFW district winner

Each year the Veterans of Foreign Wars and its Ladies Auxiliary sponsor a nationwide youth essay contest. The contest gave seventh and eighth grade students from Pagosa Springs the opportunity to express their opinions on this year's theme: "Is Freedom Really Free?"

Through the encouraging efforts of teacher Lori Plantiko, there were 49 entries and volunteer judges Gilbert Davidson, Kay Grams, John Taylor and Kate Terry worked to select the three top entries. The number of entries qualified the school for two essays to be judged at district level.

Those two entries were submitted by eighth graders Rachel Hansen and Chris Baum, each of whom received two $100 U.S. savings bonds. Rachel's entry was judged the first-place winner at district level.

Elizabeth Kelley, the runner-up, will receive two $75 savings bonds, one each from the Post and the Auxiliary. All participating students received Certificates of Appreciation from the Auxiliary.

Following is Rachel Hansen's winning entry:

"Freedom is an individual's power to act or choose consciously and independently. Freedom is the condition of being free of restraints and restrictions. Freedom is about responsibility and respect. One must earn responsibility and respect to gain total freedom. We are truly free when we are able to live not in reaction to others, but when we make our decisions based on our own truth.

In the United States of America's Bill of Rights, freedom is spoken of as freedom of religion, speech, assembly and the freedom to vote. Freedom is guaranteed to be one of our basic rights. We are free to say, 'I am an American. I am free to speak without fear, free to worship God, free to stand up for what I think is right, and free to choose those who govern my country.'

The question all Americans ask is, 'Is Freedom Really Free?' Freedom isn't free unless you pay your own price. We are the only ones that have the key to unlock our freedom. We can start paying the price by having responsibility and respect for other people. If we want to enjoy freedom ourselves, we may need to give freedom to others before we can enjoy our freedom. Before reaching spiritual freedom, we may need to gain physical freedom. The more we change, the more positive changes will occur within us.

We may at times be restricted in this world and find our physical freedom to be restrained, but no one but ourselves can restrain our spirit. We always have the freedom to choose our thoughts and the energy that comes from us. We may at times choose anger, and there may be times when anger is justified when directed at an action that is unjust or unkind.

We have many choices to make each day, from the moment we wake up to the moment we drift off to sleep at night. No one can dictate the choices we make. No one can make us feel happy and no one can make us feel blue, except when we give them permission to do so. That is our ultimate freedom, the power to choose who we want to be at each moment of our existence. This choice is the power we have, and incorporating that choice into our actions at the moment is not always possible or easy, but that choice is our freedom."


April 11, 2002


By John M. Motter

Fort Lewis gave settlement security

It's hard to imagine today, but the log buildings that were Fort Lewis once stood on the principle downtown business block that today identifies Pagosa Springs.

We've been writing the past few weeks about firsts. Who were the first settlers in the San Juans, where did they live, and who built the first cabins? It's a pretty good guess that the first settler cabins west of the San Juan Mountains and north of the New Mexico border were built circa 1870-1876. Starting with 1876, the pace of settlement increased dramatically.

A related question might be, what conditions changed allowing settlement to begin at that specific time? Two factors bear mightily on the answer. The second factor stems from the first.

First, in 1860, even though Colorado was already a territory, the San Juan region was largely unknown to the American public. In 1869, a man called Charles Baker discovered gold high in the San Juans near today's Silverton. A minor gold rush followed until the demands of the Civil War dragged most able-bodied males eastward. The discovery of gold in the San Juans was the first factor leading to settlement.

Following the Civil War, interest in the Baker gold strike returned. As a result, a few cabins may have been built in the upper Animas Valley. Problem: The gold fields and routes to the gold fields were on Southern Ute lands. Conflicts between Anglos and Utes increased dramatically.

The solution to the Anglo-Indian confrontation provides us with the second factor enabling settlement. The Brunot Treaty, much of it negotiated in Pagosa Springs, was approved in 1874 and ratified by Congress in 1876. By the terms of the Brunot Treaty, the Southern Utes were confined to a strip of land stretching from the New Mexico border 15 miles northward, and from the Utah border eastward almost to Pagosa Springs. The old Ute line roughly parallels U.S.160 in an east-west direction. The reservation was south of the line. The remainder of the Four Corners area was open to settlers. Second factor: The Southern Ute Reservation boundaries were moved, allowing settlement on former Indian lands after 1874.

Even with the new reservation boundaries, whites continued to settle along river bottoms on the reservation, and to caravan across the reservation with impunity. Conflict between Indian and white continued. The age-old U.S. solution to Indian-white conflicts was to send in the troops.

And so Fort Lewis was built at Pagosa Springs in 1878 to provide protection for settlers throughout the Four Corners area. What did the fort consist of?

Gen. R.B. Marcy, Inspector General of the Army, submitted a report prepared by Maj. J.J. Coppinger, who visited Fort Lewis in 1879.

According to Coppinger, "Fort Lewis is at present a small half built cantonment consisting of four pretty fine log huts for officers quarters two rooms and a kitchen each, 10 fine log huts 22 x 14 feet affording crowded quarters for two companies 84 men, four log huts for storehouses, one for a guardhouse, one for a carpenter shop, two small huts for laundresses.

"There is a poor jacal for 36 mules and a small corral.

"The post is situated on the western half of the town site of Pagosa Springs, surrounded by mountains and fine woods. Altitude, 7,100 feet, 130 miles from Fort Garland west via Conejos and 88 miles from Alamosa via the Ruffner Road to be open in September. A decidedly healthy and attractive situation.

"Recommended. I recommend that the commanding officer be furnished with definite instructions as to what course he is to pursue regarding his post. Four companies are ordered to take post here, yet he has not sufficient accommodations prepared for two companies. Nor has he sufficient storehouses, and no stables. At an altitude of over 7,000 feet, in the heart of the Sierra Madre Mountains (where did he get this name for the mountains?), good shelter is needed in the winter for man and horse. If these additional two companies are to come here this fall, no time should be lost in preparing the necessary protection from the severity of winter.

"I further recommend that the winter supply of stores be delivered early in the fall before the snow renders the mountain roads difficult."

Construction on Fort Lewis started Oct. 18, 1878. Enlisted infantry men performed most of the labor. The Pagosa Springs Post Office became official June 5 supported by 100 people, according the applicant for the post office, Joseph Clarke. Because the post office opened a few months before the soldiers arrived, I always assumed the settler knew the fort was coming and tried to get in on the ground floor. Civilian settlement at that time was on the east side of the San Juan River, Fort Lewis on the west side. The soldiers built a low bridge across the San Juan connecting what later became east and west San Juan Streets. Civilians were required to obtain permission in order to cross the bridge.

How did commercial traffic bound from New Mexico to Animas City get through? Early maps show a bridge probably where the sewer lagoons of today are located south of town. From the bridge, a road is shown bearing westerly past the radio station tower and up the valley until the road ends at the edge of the map. We assume the road continued across the divide at the east end of the valley, then joined what later became known as the Pagosa-Durango stage coach road.

The officer and enlisted log barracks form a horseshoe opening to the south. The north end of the horseshoe is made up by the officers' barracks running roughly parallel to 4th Street on the property housing the Mamie Lynch Gym today. Fourth Street wasn't there because the town had not been surveyed.

Five enlisted men's quarters on each side completed the legs of the horseshoe, roughly paralleling Pagosa and Lewis streets. Parade grounds filled the vacancy inside the horseshoe.

Storage buildings, a jacal, and corrals were located at the southwest end of the enlisted quarters. Notice the fort never had stables. A jacal is a building made of chinked, upright poles. Taking care of the "government animals" was such a problem that first winter, the base commander ordered them sent to Animas City-there wasn't any Durango yet-for the duration of the winter.

We have a map of the building locations, but no key to show us which buildings were the laundry room, carpenter shop, and guardhouse. It is interesting to note that the troops of Company D, Ninth Cavalry, were not housed in the barracks with the white infantry troops that first winter. Instead, they bivouacked in tents pitched along the river approximately behind today's county courthouse. Imagine the discomfort experienced by these "Buffalo Soldiers" when the thermometer dipped to 40 below. The practice in those days was for an outfit's officers to recruit new men. These newcomers were trained with the rest of the company. Many of the men of Company D had been recruited from southern states just weeks earlier.

Instead of improving Fort Lewis, the Army moved the fort starting in 1880. The decision to move was based on an 1879 visit to Fort Lewis by Gen. Phil Sheridan of Civil War fame. The new site was Hesperus along the La Plata River south and west of Durango. Fine stone buildings were erected at the Hesperus site. The last troops left Fort Lewis in Pagosa Springs during 1882. The old fort buildings remained into the early 1890s.

Even as Fort Lewis was declining in Pagosa Springs, the narrow gauge railroad crossed the Southern Rockies and reached the newly created hamlet of Durango. Settlement sprang up along the train route, as we have noted in earlier articles.

Pacing Pagosa

By Richard Walter

Who needs to silence the parrot?

Sometimes one hears an item on radio that fleshes out thoughts already in the mind.

Once such instance came Thursday morning as I was leaving for work.

It was just a random thought expressed by an agriculture correspondent, but it gave me pause to think.

Simply, she said, a good motto for life is: "Live as if you could sell the family parrot to the town's biggest gossip and not be worried about it."

That may not be the exact wording, but it conveys the image.

And, since this is both the Week of the Young Child, and the Month of the Young Child, we might want to consider just what those children would tell their friends about what happens in their homes.

Would they parrot the family "all's well" line or would they tell the tales you don't want anyone to hear?

Infants know only the love - or the abuse - shown them by their family. A tot cuddled and treated tenderly grows with a sense of care and belonging. An infant made a part of the family and not an addendum to it to be viewed but not heard, develops as a fully aware child.

That child reflects what he or she sees, hears and experiences in the home environment and all too often it is not something you want the world to know about. Many homes have elements of discord, but most find a way to settle disputes amicably and the child experiencing this learns that raised voices are not necessarily the end of good family life.

But the children who are abused, who are whipped, slapped, and verbally chastised for little or no offense, carry with them personality scars that can overcome their sense of right and wrong as they continue to grow in an atmosphere of mistreatment.

I've seen cases of indirect mistreatment in which the child is punished for the wrongful actions of parents - one in which the parents both were heavily into drug usage, forcing eviction after eviction, arrest after arrest, and two children longing for the quiet solitude of a real home.

The daughter, a high school freshman, was worried her little brother was starving because all the family money was going for drugs. She resorted to stealing food for him from a supermarket, was caught and convicted of theft.

The parents, three years later, have just been evicted again for the same reason. The girl, still on probation, has learned to take it in stride. She'll graduate high school next month. She'll take her desire to be a professional chef away from the atmosphere of abuse she has endured.

But the young brother still is in the environment, temporarily, as the family looks for a new dwelling while awaiting a new court date. The courts have ordered him removed from the atmosphere of degradation the children have been raised in and are seeking a foster home or placement with a relative.

The family would like to place him with a friend, but investigators say most, if not all, the family's acquaintances are drug users like themselves.

It is probable the best solution would be to remove the boy from the situation entirely. The graduating daughter would take on his support in a moment, but that would mean delaying her professional dream for a menial job right out of high school and possibly endangering her own future.

This is just one example of what can happen in a dysfunctional home. It is a real family story here in Colorado, but not in Pagosa Springs. There is, however, every indication such circumstances could occur here.

Equally disturbing were statistics in another story we published last week indicating Archuleta County recorded at least 47 sexual assault cases in 2001 and that court advocacy was provided for 32 of the victims. There is no breakdown on ages of the victims, but it can be assumed at least some were children.

What kind of story will those children have in their resumé of life?

What would the family parrot say to anyone who would listen about what went on in that household?

Certainly, none of us is perfect. We all have little peculiarities which cause us to do and or say things we don't really mean as harmful but which, in retrospect, can be seen as detrimental to those we profess to love.

If those acts cause a child to suffer, a psyche to be warped forever, we are as guilty of child abuse as were the drug-abusing parents I described earlier.

Life is not a bowl of cherries topped with dollops of whipped cream. It is a learning adventure which should be guided by a loving family and a home devoid of abuse in any form to any member of the household.

The fact we have homes where this is not the case should be a warning to all of us. We should look in our family mirror and see if the image reflected is the one we really want our family known for.

If it is not, we need to change the course of our family life, make amends for those wrongs we have inflicted on the children, and see to it that no more such actions emanate from our living rooms, kitchens or bedrooms.

Only we are in control of what goes on in our own homes. If we are unable to exercise that control, we should not bring children into that atmosphere. If they already are there, and being influenced by our improper behavior, they should be removed to a place of safety.

Just remember, you can't silence the parrot.

Food For Thought

By Karl Isberg

Nothing spells memory better than food

I have a passion for restaurants, and a deep affection for cooks, both commercial and in-home - for the great ones, the ones who ply me with their creations, who tantalize and tease me with an unexpected take on a classic, who spring something new on me, who set me back in my chair after a meal, sated and subdued, their chubby slave for life.

I love any place where folks go out of their way to please me with food, beguile me with the products of their imaginations, created and produced in the kitchen.

Don't misread me: I am no foodie. I'm not prey to precious fixations, I don't indulge cooking magazine fantasies nor am I glued to trends. I simply love decent restaurants at all levels of the pyramid, from the quintessential hash house and roadside shack to the best, high-end dining room.

I've had transcendent chow on the wrong side of the tracks as well as in the high-rent district. I've savored a masterfully prepared chile verde the morning after at a dive in northwest Denver that ranks as high on my list of consequential dishes as does a carpaccio devoured in Paris.

I just like to eat. Not to mince, not to nibble, not to sample. To eat.

When I take a trip out of town, the first thing I think about is the list of restaurants I intend to visit. What types of cuisine am I going to enjoy? How can I create an itinerary that minimizes my efforts while maximizing my pleasures across the widest spectrum of taste treats? It is a peak experience to spend a couple of hours in a joint so well put together, so brilliantly conceived and operated, that you feel as if you have stepped into a culinary worm hole and flashed to a different dimension, a separate universe.

I am buoyed in a special way, though, by the familiar place, the housebroken dish. There is something to be said for a comfortable environment, a menu and capable service of long acquaintance. Further, there is something about a familiar place or dish that adds a special dimension to the eating experience. It provides the blessing of memory.

I am sure everyone has a restaurant, a menu, a particular dish that fits like the proverbial old shoe. A visit to the place, a taste of the dish and attendant recollection transports you to times long past. Nothing, in my experience, does this better than food.

I remember one such place, a restaurant that served as my academy when I was a child: the old Mount Vernon Country Club, set high on a mountain top in the foothills west of Denver, near where the ugly asphalt of I-70 is gashed into the terrain today.

This place had it all. It established the baseline for my standards and provided me a dish that is my madeleine.

The old country club main building was a huge, round affair, built of massive stones, the structure two stories high. It was one of those unwieldy buildings obviously constructed in the distant past for another commercial purpose. The place was converted into a clubhouse and restaurant, with golf clubhouse, lounges and card rooms on the first floor, the restaurant on the top floor.

To get to the restaurant, you walked up a staircase and were greeted at the door by the most gracious guy you ever met: Charles, the maitre de. Charles exuded the type of grace possessed only by those who you sense retain a degree of loathing for you, but who are so wonderfully comported, so totally controlled, that their animosity never breaks the surface. The emotion is sublimated and emerges in manners so refined you imagine a crude slight or a crass gaffe could shatter them into a million sharp, crystalline bits. You imagine those bits would cut you.

Charles began his career at the club as a sous chef, later moved to the dining room as head waiter, then ascended the throne as ruler of all he surveyed. No one wanted to disappoint Charles.

There were others on the staff who burned themselves in my memory; most notably Ted, the Czech waiter who crafted rabbit hand puppets out of linen napkins to entertain my sister Karen. Those cloth rabbits and Ted's brief comedy routine pacified Karen, kept her in her chair, ready to eat several of the baby aspirin that comprised the core of her diet. She toted a bottle of baby aspirin everywhere she went, gnawing her hyperacidic way through two or three bottles a week.

While the adults sipped manhattans and Johnny Walker Black, we young ones were treated to Shirley Temples. Karen preferred ginger ale; apparently ginger ale went better with the aspirin. Like a heady cabernet with a piece of rare beef.

The main dining room of the club was in the center of the building, but the action occurred at special tables in a hallway around the perimeter, each table set before a huge picture window. The lights of Denver sparkled in the distance to the east and the hallway lighting was subdued. There was a gentleman who played a Hammond B3 set in a niche near the table my family always received from Charles. My brother and my cousin J.R. invariably cut a rug with Aunt Grace while we waited for our food to arrive. I was too porky to dance, my clumsiness a threat to life and limb, so I made my way out to the large deck to watch the lights of planes in the sky and the headlights of cars as they negotiated the winding road that led from the gates of the club to the clubhouse. The smells of food wafted through the open doors. I remember that distinctive smell.

The food was unapologetically old school. The dish I remember most fondly was lobster thermidor - a relic concoction served in the lobster's crimson carapace - an anathema in the current restaurant world. I loved it and I ordered it every time we ate at the club, about twice a month. What's 10,000 calories to a growing boy? I was destined to play guard, not quarterback.

I encountered any number of foods for the first time at that club: an omelette, filet, potatoes Lyonnaise, hollandaise and bernaise, smoked salmon, fois gras, coq au vin made with the fowl's blood, beef Wellington. But it was that thermidor that made the deepest impression and that piques a trip to the past.

You have to go far and wide in search of thermidor these days. Peruse the ordinary restaurant menu, saturated with the residue of cuisine minceur, fraught with Mediterranean conceits; thermidor has gone the way of many classic dishes, the way of many of the heavy sauces of the past. It doesn't fit the nouveau plan.


Granted, the stuff contains elements that will choke off that last little opening in a clogged artery. It can bring a hearty soul to his or her knees, hurling open the doors of the ICU, paving the path to a quadruple bypass. Yes, it's a mite heavy but ... it's so darned good and the mere thought of it, much less its taste, throws me into a mnemonic frenzy. Surely you understand. Surely there is a food the smell and taste of which opens the book of memory for you. Nothing ignites associations like taste and smell.

If I make some thermidor, kaboom, I am back at Mount Vernon. I am with all the members of my family, most now gone. There's Aunt Grace, dancing again, and my grandmothers and my parents are there. There's Charles. There are those goofy cloth rabbits. And Karen with her aspirin bottle. I hear an organ and there's my brother Kurt clobbering his third wine sundae. My dad's Studebaker Golden Hawk or his 190 SL is parked in the lot. I smell the air of a summer night as we drive up the canyon, the top down on that SL, the three of us kids crammed in the space behind the seat.

Sadly, I can't make lobster thermidor. Finding a decent lobster in this part of the world is a hopeless task. For a millisecond, I ponder the use of lobster substitute. Have you ever read what passes for lobster in lobster substitute? I read a label the other day and took notes: fish protein (what?), sugar, corn starch, sorbitol, wheat starch, modified food starch, carrageenan (isn't this a Welsh village?) potassium chloride, fructose, egg whites, sodium tripolyphosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate, artificial color (for that comforting red hue) and artificial lobster flavor. I don't know what an artificial lobster tastes like, but do you realize it has a half life of 50,000 years?

I hear there are legions of lobster substitute fans in Japan, but this material should not be used for anything, not even in Asia. All the lobster substitute on the planet, and any leftover artificial lobster flavor, should be collected and transported in a guarded convoy to an underground site in New Mexico where it can be placed in caverns thousands of feet below ground in lead-shielded cylinders and kept there until the sun expands and turns the planet to a cinder.

The only option is shrimp thermidor. At least, with a decent brand of frozen shrimp, one can make an educated guess as to their viability.

I like to thaw the crustaceans in cold water, changing the water frequently then refrigerating the thawed, peeled and deveined beauties until I am ready to use them.

With luck, you've got a set of scallop shells your aunt gave you two or three decades ago. I do. You remember the shells; you've never used them, but they are packed away in a box, somewhere in the garage. Go get them. If you can't find them, some small, shallow individual baking dishes will have to do. Butter the shells or dishes.

The key ingredients? The same as in anything that tastes good: lots of fat and some zippy flavoring kissed by the breath of spirits.

In a mess of butter, saute a pound or more shrimp until they turn pink. Remove from heat.

Saute some finely diced mushrooms in about three-quarters of a stick of melted butter, seasoning with salt and pepper. When the mushrooms are done, mix in your shrimp, a half cup or so soft bread crumbs (preferably a good French bread), a couple cups big-time cream, nutmeg, four or five egg yolks, a tablespoon or so of Worcestershire sauce, a lot of dry sherry - say a half cup of prime sack - a dash of hot sauce, a splash of cognac, some chopped parsley and chopped pimento, a bit more salt and pepper and put the mix in your shells or your shallow, individual baking dishes, cover with a mix of fine bread crumbs and grated Parmesan cheese and dot with butter. Put on a baking sheet, and bake at 350 for 20 minutes, until there is little chance of contracting salmonella from the egg yolks and dying a gut-clutching monkey death. The top will be crusty, the interior creamy, a balm.

Serve with a composed salad and your favorite dry white.

If it's me, as I eat, I fly back in time propelled by this productive memento.

I need only one more thing.

Anyone know how to fold a napkin so it looks like a bunny?

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April 11, 2002

Olivia June Gilbert

Olivia June Gilbert was born March 23, 2002, at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. The new daughter of Joseph Gilbert and Cristina Knoell, weighed in at 8 pounds, 10 ounces and was 20 1/4 inches tall. She was welcomed home by a sister, Genevieve Gilbert. Grandparents are Fred and Sandra Knoell of St. Clair, Mich., Josephine Gilbert of Arvada, and Gail Gilbert of Cuernavaca, Mexico.


April 11, 2002

Frank Serafini Sr.

Frank W. Serafini Sr., 72, died Thursday, April 4, 2002, at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. Mr. Serafini had lived in the Pagosa Springs area for the last three years.

A memorial Mass was held Saturday, April 6, in Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church. Father John Bowe officiated. A memorial service will also be held in Baldwinsville, N.Y. Aug. 17 at St. Augustine's Catholic Church with Father John Rose officiating. A reception will follow at the Village Green Clubhouse on Village Circle.

Mr. Serafini was born Dec. 5, 1929 in Syracuse, N.Y., the son of Armond and Jenny Serafini. He married Dolores Gibbons in Syracuse on March 24, 1951. He had been a resident of Syracuse for 62 years and was also a longtime resident of Baldwinsville.

During his lifetime he was a maintenance supervisor at Syroco, Inc. (a plastics manufacturer). He served in the Navy during the Korean Conflict. Mr. Serafini was also a longtime member of the Knights of Columbus.

He is survived by his wife, Dolores, of Pagosa Springs; son Frank W. Serafini Jr. of Las Vegas, Nev.; daughter and son-in-law Suzette and Kevin Youngs of Pagosa Springs; daughter-in-law Sharon Zastrow and brother, Hank Serafini of Cato, N.Y.; sister Anne Schilly of Central Square, N.Y, and granddaughters Chandler and Morgan Youngs of Pagosa Springs.