Front Page
May 4, 2000

Drought conditions increase fire danger

By Karl Isberg

Two wildland fires on Tuesday served as a reminder of the hazards of increasingly dry conditions in the area.

According to Chief Warren Grams of the Pagosa Fire Protection District, crews responded to two blazes on Tuesday, at opposite ends of the fire district.

The first blaze was on Nebo Court, located in the Lake Hatcher subdivision northwest of Pagosa Springs. Grams said the fire was ignited by a fault in a temporary electric line.

"The fire on Nebo involved grass, weeds, a tree and a fence," said the chief. "We received the page at 2:30 in the afternoon and by the time we put the fire out, it had burned an area at least an acre in size."

Five district firefighters took an hour to extinguish the Nebo Court fire.

Later in the afternoon, at a site on Red Ryder Circle in the San Juan River Village 6 miles northeast of Pagosa Springs, another blaze required the attention of a PFPD crew.

The San Juan River Village blaze was larger than the earlier fire, and 26 firefighters responded with an engine and two tankers.

"We suspect the fire was started by some youngsters," said Grams. "This fire actually jumped the San Juan River, consuming grass, weeds and trees, and we had trucks on both sides of the river fighting the fire." It took firefighters three hours to extinguish the flames, which burned four acres of land.

"I'm repeating myself," said the fire chief, "but I've got to warn people again and again not to undertake controlled burns in the afternoon, and that you must have a permit for a controlled burn within fire district boundaries. Conditions are starting to get very dry."

Grams said a fire ban is not likely to be imposed in the immediate future. "I don't think we'll see a fire ban within three or four weeks," said Grams, "depending on whether we get any significant moisture. The Archuleta County sheriff is in charge of all wildland fires in the county and, if necessary, he and I will collaborate on a recommendation to the Archuleta County commissioners that a ban be imposed."


GOP picks Ecker; Downey, Rowe

By David C. Mitchell

Delegates to the Archuleta County Republican Assembly selected three candidates for the Aug. 8 primary ballot Saturday. The results of last night's Democrat County Assembly will be published in next week's SUN.

Alden Ecker, running uncontested Saturday for the nomination as the party's candidate for the county commissioner's seat in District 2, received the maximum total of 75 votes.

Two would-be candidates for the commissioner's seat in District 1 were selected for spots on the Republican Party's ballot in the primary election. A third qualified to petition his way onto the primary ballot.

By receiving 52 percent, or 39 of the votes in the county assembly, incumbent District 2 Commissioner Bill Downey's name will occupy the top line on the Republican ballot for his district.

Challenger Nan Rowe received 33 percent, or 25 of the delegate votes for District 2. Her name will appear on line two of the Republican primary ballot.

Challenger Patrick J. Horning, the third candidate hopeful at the Republican assembly, received 14 percent, or 11 of the delegate votes. Though failing to satisfy the 30-percent requirement a candidate must obtain to gain an automatic spot on the August primary ballot, Horning exceeded the 10-percent margin. He therefore is eligible to file a candidate's affidavit with the county clerk in order to petition to have his name placed on the Republicans' primary ballot.

Horning said late yesterday afternoon that he definitely plans to file the necessary papers with the county clerk. To qualify for the primary ballot, Horning must file a candidate's affidavit and a letter of intent and pick up the petition papers. He must then obtain the signatures of 52 registered voters and return the petition to the county clerk on or before May 30.

Horning will not be alone in using the petition process to have his named placed on the Republican ballot. Prior to the caucuses and assembly, six other Republican hopefuls chose to forego the assembly route in hopes of petitioning their way onto the party's primary ballot.

Would-be Republican candidates Mike Branch and Julia Donoho have taken out petitions to challenge for the seat in District 1. In District 2, incumbent Commissioner Ken Fox and challengers John Feazel, Ralph Goulds and Jim Willingham have picked up petitions.

County Clerk June Madrid said yesterday morning that none of the would-be Republican candidates had returned their petitions to her office for verification.

At last night's Democrat assembly, J.B. Smith hoped to secure party's endorsement to run for the District 2 commissioner seat. Should no other Democrat candidates emerge from the party's assembly, the winner of the Republican primary race in District 1 would run unopposed in the November election.


Creativity fete features student art

By Karl Isberg

One of Pagosa's most anticipated and impressive events takes place tomorrow and Saturday when the Creativity Celebration is held at Pagosa Springs High School.

According to high school art teacher Charla Ellis, the annual show will again feature displays of the creative work done by School District 50 Joint students enrolled in grades kindergarten through 12.

The commons area of the high school building will contain exhibits of two-dimensional and three-dimensional art works produced by students. A variety of music and dance performances will take place in the commons area throughout the event. Refreshments will be available. There is no admission charge for people viewing the art work.

The curtain will open on the spring production by the high school drama club, "The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail," at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow and Saturday. Tickets are available at the door, and art work in the commons area will be available for viewing before the play and during intermission.

The Creativity Celebration will begin at 7 p.m. tomorrow night and will remain open until the end of "The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail."

On Saturday, the Celebration will be open from 2 to 5 p.m., then again from 7 to 9:30 p.m.

"This is the only chance during the year for people in the community to view the wonderful art work, music and drama produced by our young people during the school year - all in one location," said Ellis. "We hope everyone will take this opportunity and join us. It is a special event."

Navajo bridge to be replaced

By Richard Walter

Residents of the Chromo and Edith areas who regularly use County Road 391 have been asked to attend a community meeting at 7 p.m. Tuesday in the old Chromo School to discuss planned temporary closing of the road for bridge replacement.

Roxann Mackenzie Hayes, county engineer, said Archuleta County and the Southern Ute Indian Tribe are working together to remove the old Navajo bridge on Road 391 and replace it with a safer structure.

It is anticipated that construction will begin the first week in June and be completed by the end of August to avoid interference with school bus routes. However, she said, delays in construction due to weather or other unforeseen circumstances may cause the road to be closed longer.

The community meeting will give residents an opportunity to discuss the closure, meet the key players in the project and review the preliminary engineering design and right-of-way acquisition.

While construction is occurring and the road is closed, detour signs will be placed at the following intersections:

- U.S. 84 and County Road 391 in Chromo;

- U.S. 84 and County Road 359 (Coyote Park);

- County Road 542 (Montezuma) and County Road 359; and

- County Road 359 and County Road 391 at Edith.

Hayes said anyone needing additional information on the capital improvement project or the community meeting can contact her at 264-5660.


Special district proposals approved

By Karl Isberg

Votes cast May 2 in three special district elections and a San Juan Soil Conservation District election decided issues related to revenue collection and spending, and selected new directors for several of the districts.

Voters in the boundaries of the Pagosa Fire Protection District, the Upper San Juan Hospital District, Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District, and the San Juan Soil Conservation District approved measures to allow those districts to collect and spend revenues in excess of TABOR limitations (a 5.5 percent increase per year).

Voters in the Pagosa Fire Protection District approved a revenue collection and spending question by a vote of 216 to 30. The voters also elected two new members to the district board of directors. Dick Mosely received 146 votes and Debbie Tully received 109 votes to win places on the board. Jerry Rohwer got 93 votes in the board election, Marvin Ince tallied 85 votes, and Jim Kahrs finished with 37 votes.

The revenue collection and spending question in the Upper San Juan Hospital District election was approved by a vote of 184 to 43. Patty Tillerson and Dick Babillis will take positions on the district board of directors with 180 and 197 votes respectively.

In the San Juan Soil Conservation District election, voters approved a revenue collection and spending measure 61 to 11. The voters also approved the removal of term limitations for district directors, 52 to 18. Three individuals will take places on the district board of directors: Randy Eoff (62 votes), R.D. Hott (59 votes), and Bob Haag (58 votes).

A vote of 147-46 favored the excess revenue question on the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District ballot. George Chenoweth, Harold Slavinski, Bob Frye and Karen Wessels will be members of the board of directors.

Voters within the boundaries of the Pagosa Springs Sanitation District were asked whether or not they favored dissolution of the district and they answered yes by a vote of 21-2. That dissolution will become a reality if Pagosa Springs voters approve a general improvement district at the polls next fall. If a general improvement district is formed, the town of Pagosa Springs will take direct control of sanitation services for the residents of the dissolved district.

Darrell Cotton and Wayne Pippenger each received 21 votes on May 2, putting them on the Pagosa Springs Sanitation District board of directors.

Commissioners approve computer-processor expansion funds

By David C. Mitchell

One request on supplemental funding for an unbudgeted expenditure was approved and one request was tabled Tuesday during a brief meeting of the county commissioners. A private citizen's concern about the commissioners adherence to the open-meeting law also was discussed.

Commissioners Gene Crabtree, Bill Downey and Ken Fox approved unanimously a request from the county planning office for $2,500. The monies will be used to purchase a new computer terminal for the planning office.

Mike Mollica, planning department director, said the computer, with its updated processor, would be able to more effectively operate the department's geographic information system. He said that with the new computer, the system's program will be capable to quickly produce maps of street layouts, platted parcels within subdivisions and boundaries of the myriad of subdivisions and unincorporated developed areas of the county. Due to its greater capacity, the computer also will serve as a repository for aerial photographs, typography maps and conservation maps.

Mollica assured the commissioners the new computer would be networked with the road and bridge department, assessor's office and treasurer's office so that its programs and capabilities could be accessible to the various county offices.

Once the new computer is in operation, the computer the planning office currently uses for its mapping functions will be assigned to the building inspector for correspondence and other word-processing functions, Mollica said.

The commissioners tabled Sheriff Tom Richards' request for an unspecified amount of additional funding to cover the unbudgeted cost of an eight-week maternity leave that is due to start May 27.

Richards said the salary of an unexpected temporary replacement for the clerical receptionist in the sheriff's department was not included in the current budget.

Responding to questioning from Commissioner Downey, Richards said the multiplicity of job responsibilities associated with the position would make it impractical to assign the tasks to different members within the department.

"The nature of the job (answering the phone, receiving the public, conducting vehicle identification inspections, typing district attorney reports, finger printing, etc.) would make it hard to provide the same level of service to the public that we do now" if he tried to spread that responsibilities between the staff, Richards said.

While agreeing to table the sheriff's request, the commissioners asked Richards to check with the road and bridge department to determine what that county office is paying temporary employees.

Regarding the commissioners' compliance to the state's open meeting law, Allan Bunch asked if the commissioners had considered holding private discussions beforehand on the agenda items or other business that would be presented during the weekly open meetings. Bunch said such discussions would enable all three commissioners to be better apprised of one another's opinions or intents prior to the meetings.

According to Bunch, the private pre-meeting discussions would make the conducting of public business more efficient.

The commissioners and County Attorney Mary Weiss jointly explained the intent of the state's "Sunshine Law" and its requirements. Under their interpretation of the law, elected officials must conduct the public's business in meetings that are posted publicly beforehand and that the meetings' agendas likewise be publicly posted beforehand.

However, responding to a question from Bunch, the commissioners said he was welcome to further research his concerns with authorities at the state level to determine if the commissioners and their attorney are misinterpreting the state statutes.

In other business Tuesday, the commissioners:

- Appointed Gene Tautges to the San Juan Basin Health Board. Tautges currently serves on the board as an appointee to fill a vacated seat

- Approved Dorothy O. Evans' request to consolidate Lots 41 and 42 in Pagosa Highlands Estates to Lot 42X

- Approved Doug and Gail Hershey's request to consolidate Lots 515, 516 and 517 in Pagosa Highland Estates into Lot 516X

- Approved William Fourhman's request to consolidate Lots 13 and 14 in Piedra Park 2A, Block 3 into Lot 14X

- Conducted a work session with their fellow elected county officials.


Inside The Sun
The heat will stay on

By Richard Walter

Break out the shorts and halters or T-shirts, the sunscreen and hat.

The warm weather we've experienced this week will continue at least through Sunday according to National Weather Service spokesman Doug Baugh in Grand Junction.

He said there will be periods of high clouds today, but that will be the only mar on a day in which the high temperature will soar into the lower 80s.

There will be only moderate temperature changes through Sunday, Baugh said, with lows each night around the 40-degree mark and highs in the mid to upper 70s.

He said drought conditions in the area will continue - only 35 one hundredths of an inch was recorded in the past week - and that afternoon winds will be lighter than they have been recently.

The first chance of any precipitation for the area probably will not come before midweek and even then the odds are 20 percent or less, Baugh said.


Woman injured in fall from horse

By Karl Isberg

A Durango woman was injured April 29 in a fall from a horse at a remote location northwest of Pagosa Springs, requiring an arduous rescue by members of Emergency Medical Services and the Upper San Juan Search and Rescue unit.

According to deputy Sean Curtis, a USJSR member, Sheryl Lynde, 44, was riding with a group on horseback on the Piedra Trail, southwest of Piedra Road in the Upper Piedra Canyon.

Lynde, said Curtis, fell from her mount and an unidentified member of the party rode to where a call for help could be made to authorities.

EMS responders treated Lynde at the scene and with USJSR assistance transported Lynde on a backboard and litter to a point where the woman could be moved on a 4-wheeler. The trip over steep terrain from the point of the accident to the vehicle took 1 1/2 hours, said Curtis.

Joining in the rescue effort from EMS were John Reed, Larry Escude, Kathy Conway, Debbie Keating, Scott Wallace, Lynne Brown and Patty Tillerson. Deputy Karn Macht also aided in the effort.

Lynde was transported to the Piedra trailhead, where an Air Care helicopter landed. The injured woman was taken by Air Care to San Juan Regional Medical Center at Farmington, N.M.

According to Bill Bright, Upper San Juan Hospital District director, Lynde suffered numerous fractures, was treated at San Juan Regional, and was released on May 2.


Hearing set on Loma Linda metro district

By David C. Mitchell

A public hearing will be held at 1:30 p.m. May 30 in the county commissioners meeting room to discuss the service plan and organization of the proposed Loma Linda Metropolitan District. The meeting will be open to all persons who own property within the boundaries of the proposed district.

According to documents County Attorney Mary Weiss presented Tuesday to the county commissioners, the proposed metropolitan district will provide street improvement and park and recreation services for the properties in the subdivision.

The proposed district involves all of the "lots, roads, easements and green belt areas" that appear on the recorded plats of Units 1-5 in the Loma Linda subdivision. The subdivision is located about 8 miles south of Pagosa Springs on the west side of U.S. 84.

Anyone who owns property within the proposed district may request that their "property be excluded from the special district prior to the approval of the service plan" if the exclusion request is submitted to the county commissioners no later than 10 days prior to the May 30 public hearing on the service plan. "Any request for exclusion shall be acted upon before final action" by the county commissioners "to approve, conditionally approve or disapprove the service plan."

According to documents Weiss presented Tuesday, under Colorado statutes there is no limitation on the mill levy which may be imposed in such districts. However "any mill levy for general obligation debt must be approved by voters within the district and the proposed first year mill levy of 10 mills may not be exceeded." Afterwards, "mill levies may only be increased by 5 1/2 percent without voter approval."

A service plan for the proposed metropolitan district was filed with the county clerk in mid-April. Copies of the plan are on file and available for public inspection in the county clerk's office and in the county planning office.


Food for thought

Dear David,

The unfortunate saga of Elian Gonzales should give all Americans, especially our elected officials some food for thought.

1. The Miami Cubans have only one agenda. It is not Elian's welfare. It is a blind hatred for Fidel Castro and a socialist Cuba.

2. The Cuban-American voting block has for too long had a negative influence in U.S. foreign policy toward Cuba.

3. Cubans who have chosen to stay in Cuba, such as Elian's dad, Juan Miguel, and the vast majority of the Cuban people still have their own national pride and that pride holds them up and keeps Fidel Castro in power.

4. Castro has out-lasted Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush and Clinton. Why? Because these nine presidents have chosen to persecute Cuba and make Castro a martyr. We are in fact giving Castro his power to stay in office.

5. It should also be noted that Cuba has never attacked the United States such as Japan in World War II, or killed or mistreated our POWs such as the Red Chinese in Korea.

Maybe now is the time to break away from the Castro-bashing of the Miami exile community and normalize relations with Cuba. It would be for the benefit of both the American and Cuban people. In the end, free trade, open relations, and people contacts may change what nine U.S. presidents have failed to do.

If the Elian affair does result in better relations with Cuba, Elian's mother's life, death, and hope will not have been in vain.

Raymond P. Finney

Free roaming dogs

Dear Editor,

I'd like to thank the officers who have helped me to begin clearing up the ongoing problem of roaming dogs in my subdivision. I am grateful for the new strict county policies for dog-related problems. I especially want to thank Ike, Dwayne and Tom for following through with warnings and court summons and any other officers who have responded to my frequent calls for help. I want to thank the dispatch personnel who have had to deal with my persistence. I'm very aware that I may have caused law enforcement to view me as a pain sometimes. But I could not stand by and let my pets be killed any longer.

I have lost 10 rabbits, numerous chickens and a beloved cat to roaming dogs. I have had my baby goats, colts and llamas attacked by these dogs. I have had my son attacked while riding his bike to the bus stop. I and other neighbors have had our own dogs attacked and injured repeatedly while trying to go for walks.

The day I'm writing this letter my goats were again attacked by three dogs all belonging to the same owners who have already had one summons to county court.

I'm hoping that this new policy will cause people to consider the impact their roaming dogs have. I know from experience that people affected by dogs at large try to resolve the issues on their own first, then try by approaching the owners up front and with good intentions. They usually are met with anger, defensiveness, denial, uncaring, hostility, and as in my case outright threats.

Initially there may be a lot of court cases, but I believe that eventually this will not be the case as people take responsibility or are forced to take responsibility for their dogs, admit when they are wrong and show consideration and respect for their neighbors' rights. Meanwhile, we all have a right to enjoy our homes and properties without having to listen to incessant barking, dogs terrorizing our children, dogs killing our pets and livestock, being afraid to go for a walk and having to feel foolish for carrying a stick, and even not having to tolerate dogs defecating on our lawns. There are existing laws to help us and if enough of us say, "It's enough," then maybe some attitudes and procedures will change.

Many other residents in my neighborhood are also grateful to finally have some relief from these dangerous and nuisance dogs. I may be opening myself up for retaliation from these dogs owners, and indeed they have already tried to retaliate. I wish they could stop for a moment, be honest with themselves and realize what their dogs have done. But that's not likely to happen and probably why animal control exists. I believe that a lot of good has come from this because through this experience I am now able to empathize with the people that I serve every day.


Helena Granquist

Project dropped

Dear Editor,

It was the horrible images of enormous stress and endless days of nonstop boring work a previous campground owner left me with, after a long conversation a few weeks back, that has completely undermined my decision to continue with the project. I thought of making it a lot smaller, but I have really fallen in love with the land, and I want to raise my children and some animals there without being bothered.

Safe in the comfort of knowing the petition and smear campaign against this campground would have had no weight in the approval of this project, I have two comments regarding these activities. First, the campground was to be a beautifully landscaped, upscale RV resort and almost completely hidden from the highway behind a berm and thousands of trees and bushes. The project was defamed so badly one of my friends signed a petition because he didn't recognize it from the description on the petition. I am disappointed that only two people phoned me off my number posted at the land to inquire as to the real nature of the project. People, be careful with this kind of thing in the future. The people behind smear campaigns don't have your best interests in mind. Get the facts.

Secondly, I don't have any bad feelings against anyone regarding the petitions or the smear campaign. I like the fact that most people really care about the county. I see the whole thing as a desperate cry for help to the local government. These things are a symptom of a much larger disease. I call it "Your-county-government-is-really-out-of-touch-with-how-you-feel-ittis." If you signed a petition or if you were inwardly embarrassed when someone asked you to sign and you wouldn't, you should be demanding from the candidates running for the commissioners chairs precise plans for dealing with growth. Be it zoning, be it a land-use plan, whatever, this county needs leadership now or expect more petitions.

So no one misunderstands, I am withdrawing my P.U.D. for the Hansen RV campground.


Paul Hansen

Attend workshops

Dear David,

As we approach the second round of Community Plan Workshops, I want to remind everyone to mark their calendars. The workshops start on May 15.

In the first round of workshops the local residents voiced their opinions of present and future concerns, as well as their values and ideas, in what were the largest collective workshops ever attended in the county.

The upcoming second round will be the most important as those major issues and concerns will now be addressed in the form of alternative-growth scenarios. The community will be involved this time on a more personal level as each workshop splits up into small groups for a short time in an effort to personalize the issues and discuss benefits and consequences of growth.

I can't emphasize enough how critical this set of workshops are to the future of our county. I hope everyone can attend one of the seven workshops this month. Please look for the ads for the date of the meeting in your area.


Tim Horning

Vision and Steering Committee





Dear Editor,

We sure have lots of wind, politically and weather wise.

It would be nice if the businesses at the new City Market shopping center and the folks in that vicinity could get together once a month and walk the fields on the other side of the highway and pick up the plastic trash bags coming from the center. I am sure the owner would be willing to let his property be cleaned up. You might even find an arrowhead in the process. It is quiet an eyesore to the community.

Ron Alexander

Doesn't care

Dear David,

To quote Mr. Pat Curtis' letter in last week's SUN, "Once again, erroneous information regarding the PLPOA finds its way into print," and guess who the culprit is this time - Mr. Curtis himself. This man is on a Jihad (holy war) to save the defunct PSO, and he doesn't care what he says or who he tries to discredit, in this case, David Bohl. Curtis knows full well that there aren't 15,000 total votes in this whole association. There may be 15,000 individuals that have property interests in the PLPOA, if you count timeshare owners, all of whom I'm sure have an overwhelming interest in the status of the PSO. Truth of the matter is, there are 6,411 individual dues assessed to property owners each year in the PLPOA. When that number is adjusted for multiple property ownership by individuals and for bad addresses that haven't been updated by owners, the total is 4,671, which just happens to be the number of the "so-called Public Safety Surveys," as Mr. Curtis calls them, that were mailed out. Seems like a fair procedure to me, but then, I'm trying to look at it fairly.

Now, for the real corker. Curtis says, "I polled a good number of local residents, and it turns out that 28.5 percent of them did not receive a survey form." If you read his letter, based on this "scientific approach," he asserts that of the 4,671 surveys mailed out, only 28 percent may have been received. Give me a break. Unless he (1) took the entire study population, 4,671 in this case, (2) statistically determined a defensible random sample size, within acceptable parameters of desired accuracy, and (3) polled the exact members selected in the sample, he cannot make the statement that, "28 percent might not have received a survey form."

"Polling a good number of local residents" just won't cut the mustard. Your letter, Mr. Curtis, is a better illustration of "stretching credibility to the max" than the survey you're whining about.

Roy K. Boutwell

Plant trees

Dear Editor,

I realize this may be an unusual question for a newspaper but I couldn't think of another source to ask. My wife and I recently bought property in the Hatcher Lake area. We live in the Houston, Texas, area and plan to move to the Pagosa Springs area within the next few years.

As you know, I'm sure, the Hatcher Lake area was "clear cut" many years ago but we would like to plant trees. We currently plan to be in Pagosa in early July. Are native trees (aspen and spruce) available and is that a good or bad time to transplant trees.

If anyone on your staff is knowledgeable in this area we would appreciate your advise.

Thanks for your help,

Ken Davis

Editor's note: I suggest you contact Bill Nobles, Colorado State University county extension agent, at (970) 264-5931 or 264-2388; Box 370, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147; or e-mail at

The winner is . . .

Dear Editor,

It's the PLPOA Board vs. Property Owners, and the winner is? The property owners for sure. The PSO Survey results are in and to no surprise the property owners want the contract with the sheriff terminated. With a total of 471 surveys returned, 207 (44 percent) said to terminate the contract,and 105 (22 percent) wanted the contract with the sheriff. Well it is 2 to 1 to terminate. This is why the board pushed this through without doing the survey first because they knew it would not fly. Just another example of abusive power.

All I kept hearing at the commissioners meeting last month was how "we" wanted this contract. Well it turns out that "we" actually means a select few. It is now time again to stand and be counted. You stood in force when they tried to have snowmobiles go through the greenbelts behind your homes and you won.

Let's all show up at this month's board meeting to tell them no again and demand the contract to be terminated. We have the votes and the board acted without our consent so now is the time. I challenge each and every one of you to now show up and resolve this once and for all.

It's time that the board stops spending our money needlessly. Once we terminate the contract we can put out feelers to other agencies on the equipment we have for bids or have an auction to get back some of our money and put it to better use like fixing our roads. Let's see if you have the convictions to do this, I know I do.

Randall Mettscher

Elian saga

Dear Editor,

In looking at the April 27 issue of the Pagosa SUN, I was struck by the apathy voiced in one section of the issue (Whadaya think?), and the enthusiasm for Janet Reno as it concerned the Elian saga.

Following is a copy of an input to the Honorable Scott McInnis from my son, who has given me permission to forward it to your newspaper for inclusion in a future issue.

Dear Mr. McInnis,

It is with shock and disbelief that I review the course of action used by the federal government in it's "upholding of the law" in the Elian Gonzalez case.

Whether or not the child should be with his father or even remain in this country is not the subject of this letter. My concern is with the totalitarian police state posture adopted by the Clinton administration. I find the description of this raid as a "rescue action" laughable and the attempted suppression of press coverage alarming. Despite the claims of Ms. Reno it is obvious that many other courses of non-violent action were open to the federal government. After witnessing previous examples of Clinton/Reno's tactics (the most memorable and tragic being Waco), it is now apparent that the true intention of this administration was to again send a message to the American people at large - one of dominance, intimidation and subjugation.

Mr. McInnis, the federal government of which you are a part is attempting to set a precedent for the use of violent, unannounced home invasion (in other words, the infliction of destructive terror) as a valid and lawful form of "necessary" law enforcement, even in situations where the possibility of violent resistance is not a factor. It is easy to envision such conditioning of the American people as being a necessary precursor to the home invasions that could be used in disarming the American people, whether that "disarmament" takes the form of confiscating a deer rifle, a powerful computer, or whatever else might be deemed a "threat" to the powers that be.

While it upsets me that so many Americans fail to see fault with Clinton/Reno's use of storm-trooper tactics, I can assure you that there are millions of others who have read history, appreciate freedom, understand the strategies of repressive government and who will not allow this form of jack-boot invasion to exist in America. Many of us will, if need be, fight to preserve the fundamental rights of free citizens and the true existence of a government by the people, for the people. I sincerely hope that you will immediately and strongly denounce the use of these terror tactics, and help take steps to ensure that Americans need not fear the sort of police invasions characteristic of Nazi Germany.

Gary G. Smith

Obviously, my son sees beyond the son-father-relative point of view, whatever it may be personally or individually.


G.G. Smith


Billy E. Hindman

Billy E. Hindman passed away May 1, 2000, at his home in Pagosa Springs.

Born on Nov. 25, 1930, in Pawhuska, Okla., "Big Bill" loved the outdoors, including hunting, fishing, camping, flying, and horseback riding. He enjoyed all the special times spent with his friends, especially his great-grandchildren. He will be greatly missed by all his family and friends.

Mr. Hindman is survived by his wife of 52 years, Mrs. Lorene Hindman; three daughters and sons-in-law, Karen and Bill Fillmore, Sandra and Dave Wright of Pagosa Springs, and Billie and Rob Tracy of Yearington, Nev.; five grandchildren and their families, Carrie and Joseph Espinosa, Tanya and Melvin Chavez and Sheila Soares of Pagosa Springs, and Bobby Tracy and Michelle Tracy of Yearington; and six great-grandchildren living in Pagosa Springs; three brothers, Jim Hindman, Tom Hindman and Terry Hindman of Oklahoma; five sisters, Louise, Lucille, Kathleen, Ann and Linda.

Memorial services for "Big Grandpa" will be held at 4 p.m. on Friday, May 5, at the gazebo area of the Centennial Park behind the Archuleta County Courthouse.




Christopher Baum makes a little string music after learning he had won the championship of the intermediate instrumental solo competition at the 4-H District Fine Arts show. Baum will now take his violin to the state event on Labor Day Weekend.


Jessica Espinosa was the overall champion in the vocal musical division in the 4-H District Fine Arts competition April 15 in Durango. She will now advance to the state competition on Labor Day Weekend.


Lydia Class-Erickson's piano rendition of 'Homeward' earned her the overall championship in the instrumental musical division in the 4-H District Fine Arts competition April 15 in Durango. The district honor earns her the right to compete at state on Labor Day Weekend.


Natalie Ortega has attained the required level of accomplishments and upon the recommendation of the state selections committee is a state finalist in the American Coed Pageant program. The program will be held in Denver during July. Natalie is a sophomore at Pagosa Springs High School. She is the daughter of Louie Ortega , and Jim and Isabel Webster


Sports Page
DuPont blast starts Pirates to twin losses

By Richard Walter

Eleuthere Irenee DuPont founded the company whose name is synonymous with power - from black powder to high explosives.

Another DuPont, Joaquin by name, gave a demonstration of modern power Saturday with five hits in seven official trips to the plate as Monte Vista's Pirates swept a baseball doubleheader from Pagosa Springs by scores of 7-3 and 7-6.

DuPont had a single, triple and home run and also walked in the first game while playing left field. The home run came in Game 1 as host Monte Vista sent 10 men to the plate in the third inning.

Attempting to play the explosive role to the hilt, DuPont took the mound in the second game and sailed into the seventh inning with a 6-2 lead only to see Pagosa snuff his fuse and rally for a tie.

In the bottom half of the inning, however, DuPont's ground ball to third with the bases loaded and two out was bobbled and the winning run scored.

The first game was expected to be a pitcher's duel between Pagosa's Kyle Keelan and Monte Vista's Trevor Stewart, both rated highly among Class 3A pitchers in the state. Stewart lived up to the billing but Keelan was troubled by control problems.

Center fielder Lonnie Lucero led off the game with a easy fly to right for Pagosa. Shortstop Darin Lister followed with a sharp grounder bobbled by the shortstop. Stewart's attempted pick-off throw went wild and Lister advanced to second setting up RBI possibilities for Brandon Thames and then Keith Candelaria. Both, however, went down swinging.

Keelan fanned the first batter in the bottom of the inning on three pitches. When Dupont and Stewart followed with singles and left fielder Dustin Wyers reached on an error, Keelan was in deep trouble.

Bearing down with the bases loaded, Keelan fanned Monte Vista's catcher on a high hard fastball and then got the designated hitter on an assortment of breaking balls.

With two out in the second, Pagosa left fielder Nate Stretton walked and then stole both second and third. He died there when Keelan grounded to first on a full-count pitch.

On 15 pitches, including his third and fourth strikeouts, Keelan set Monte down in order in their half of the inning.

After Anthony Maestas and Lucero struck out in the third, Darin Lister was hit by a pitch and immediately stole second but was stranded there when Thames fanned for the second time.

The scoreless game was history after Monte Vista tallied four in the third. The inning opened with a single and a Keelan wild pitch putting a runner on second. DuPont responded with his second hit, a long drive over the fence in left center. Stewart walked and after Wyers struck out Romero bunted for a hit, Stewart advancing to third. Keelan picked the runner off first but then seemed to lose his control. He walked first baseman Wright and center fielder L. Montoya to force in Monte's third and fourth runs.

Pagosa coach Tony Scarpa pulled Keelan and brought Lucero to the mound. Lucero walked the first batter he faced and the sacks were loaded again. Leadoff batter A. Montoya then lined a shot to left which Stretton tracked down and the carnage was over temporarily.

Pagosa got one run back in the fourth when catcher Clinton Lister walked (after Keith Candelaria struck out) and then stole second. Ronnie Janowsky popped to short but Stretton followed with Pagosa's first hit, a line single to center scoring a courtesy runner for Lister. Stretton stole both second and third before Kraig Candelaria, batting in Keelan's former spot, drew a walk. On a full count, Maestas grounded to second and Pagosa trailed 4-1.

Monte Vista struck for two more runs in the bottom of the fourth when- who else - DuPont walked and Stewart followed with a single. After Wyers popped to Brandon Charles at second, Romero singled to center to plate two runs. The next batter grounded to Charles who cut down the runner at second but Lister's throw to first was too late for the double play. The next batter grounded out third-to-first to end the inning.

Lucero led off the fifth for Pagosa with a solid shot to right but was cut down at second on the front end of a double play attempt on a ground ball to deep short by Lister. Lister stole both second and third and came home to score Pagosa's second run on a sacrifice fly by Thames before Keith Candelaria fanned.

Monte Vista got its final run in the bottom of the inning when L. Montoya led off with a single and stole second. Jones was out on a bunt sacrificing Montoya to third and A. Montoya struck out setting up more heroics for DuPont.

He exploded into a low fast ball from Lucero and delivered a triple off the fence in center. Stewart stranded DuPont at third when he grounded to first and was out on a toss to Lucero covering.

Pagosa had a great opportunity to close the gap in the sixth when Clinton Lister doubled to left center and Janowsky looped a single just over short, putting runners on first and third. After a wild pitch allowed Lister to score, Stretton was hit by a pitch. Kraig Candelaria's grounder was turned into a force of Janowsky at the plate, designated hitter Maestas followed with a walk and Pagosa was threatening again. Lucero, however popped out to Stewart and Darin Lister was out on a close play at first to end the uprising.

Monte Vista went down in order on seven pitches in the sixth, five of them to Wyers who walked. Romero bounced the first pitch into a 6-4-3 double play and the next batter lined the first pitch to Darin Lister for an easy third out.

Pagosa attempted a seventh-inning rally with Darin Lister drawing a full-count walk. Thames popped to second and Keith Candelaria fanned before Clinton Lister was given an intentional pass. Janowsky then grounded out second to first to end the game and give Monte Vista the outright Intermountain League crown.

Game 2 started on a bright note for Pagosa despite the sudden arrival of near gale-force winds, plummeting temperatures and unending clouds of dust.

Lucero, back in center field, opened with a walk from DuPont and stole second. Darin Lister struck out and Thames flied to left before Keith Candelaria walked and Clinton Lister was hit by a pitch. DuPont then walked Janowsky to force in a run before Stretton flied to left to end the inning.

Thames went to the mound for Pagosa and began an eerie series of pickoff plays that had fans wondering about records.

The inning opened with A. Montoya's single and steal of second. DuPont advanced him to third with a bunt single but was promptly picked off by Thames. Stewart then walked on four pitches and he, too, was picked off by Thames. Wyers then popped to first to end the inning.

Pagosa was retired in order in the second when Kraig Candelaria grounded out, designated hitter Josh Trujillo struck out and Lucero grounded out short to first.

Monte Vista's second inning opened with a walk to Romero who was forced out at second when L. Montoya hit into a fielders' choice. Thames picked Montoya off first and then retired the next batter on a fly to left.

Keith Candelaria drew a two-out walk and went to second on a passed ball in the third, but Clinton Lister then struck out.

Monte Vista also went down in order in the inning with Jones popping out to Charles and Thames fanning both A. Montoya and DuPont.

Pagosa went quickly in the fourth with Janowsky grounding out, Stretton striking out and Kraig Candelaria grounding to second. Pagosa had a 1-0 lead despite being no-hit by DuPont.

The complexion changed in the bottom of the inning when, after Stewart popped out to third, Wyers walked and Romero singled. Montoya's grounder was bobbled and Wyers scored. The designated hitter grounded back to Thames who cut down Romero at third for the second out. McCormick walked to load the bases but Thames got Jones on a fly to center.

Pagosa went scoreless in the fifth despite picking up their first hit, a solid shot to center by Darin Lister.

Monte Vista added two runs in its half of the inning when DuPont and Stewart had back-to-back singles after Montoya fanned. After Wyers grounded back to Thames with the runners advancing, Romero doubled to drive in both runners.

Clinton Lister singled to open the sixth for Pagosa and courtesy runner Ross Wagle advanced to second on a wild pitch. Janowsky and Stretton both struck out and Kraig Candelaria bounced to second to end the inning.

Monte Vista erupted for three more runs in the bottom of the sixth and appeared to have the game in control.

It started innocently enough when Thames walked the designated hitter and then picked him off first. McCormick bunted for a base hit and Jones singled him to third. A. Montoya lifted a high fly to left just as another dust cloud covered the field and Kraig Candelaria lost the ball with McCormick scoring. Stewart was safe on a fielder's choice which cut down Jones at third, but Wyers doubled to score Stewart before Romero flied to left to end the inning.

Trailing 6-2 and still with only two hits off DuPont, Pagosa stormed back to tie the score in their half of the seventh.

Keelan, batting for Trujillo, ripped a double to right center. Lucero was hit by a pitch but strayed too far off first and was picked off by DuPont. Darin Lister was safe on a fielder's choice when his grounder to third was played as if there were a force play there, but the courtesy runner for Keelan had stayed at second.

Thames ripped a single to center to score one run and Keith Candelaria singled to the same spot to score another. Another single by Clinton Lister cut the Monte Vista lead to 6-5 and Janowsky (batting against Wyers who had replaced a disgusted DuPont) tied the score with Pagosa's fourth consecutive single. Stretton struck out but Pagosa had the tie.

In the bottom of the seventh, Thames got Montoya and the designated hitter on a fly ball to center and a pop-up to Janowsky respectively, but then walked McCormick on a full-count pitch and gave up a single to Jones.

Coach Scarpa ordered Montoya walked intentionally to load the bases to set up a force play at any bag. DuPont's grounder to third seemed ideal to make the strategy work but it was mishandled and McCormick scored the winning run.


Double overtime fray ends in 2-2 tie

By Richard Walter

Scrappy, unrelenting and opportunistic.

Tentative, out of position and error prone.

Take the two descriptions and apply them - based on season records and apparent skill levels - and you'd have a capsule of last Thursday's soccer match between Pagosa's Lady Pirates and Ignacio's Lady Bobcats.

But you'd have to take them in inverse order.

It was Pagosa which was tentative, often in the wrong position and repeatedly making ball-control mistakes.

The result? A double overtime 2-2 tie adding a feather to Ignacio's cap as the Lady Cats prepared for this week's playoffs and adding some gray hairs to the head of Pagosa coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason who faces the task of getting his girls back on the beam before Friday's tournament on their home field.

Time after time Pagosa players fanned on passing kicks and two of those mistakes led directly to breakaway drives and goals for Ignacio. Each time Pagosa players were caught in attack mode while the Lady Bobcats were racing for the Pagosa goal.

Despite the 13 missed kicks and six header misses, there were enough good Pagosa moments to create an excellent highlight film.

First would be the Lady Pirates' play one minute and 41 seconds into the game when senior Ashlee Johnson took a lead pass from sophomore Alysha Ranson and drilled it off the left goal post.

Second might be the effort at 3:22 by Aubrey Volger which went wide right, or the play one minute later when Johnson's pass to Jennifer Gross was stopped by Ignacio goalie Wesley Jackson.

Two minutes later it was Gross passing to junior Tiffany Diller for another shot snared by Jackson.

Mix in several outstanding saves by Pagosa goalie Ashley Gronewoller and you had a great game shaping up. Gronewoller's first prime effort came on a leaping catch of a free kick at 13:01 into the period.

After shots by Johnson and junior Kelli Patterson were stopped by Jackson, Gronewoller again saved on a breakaway drive by Ignacio star Jaime Zoltek who had recovered one of Pagosa's missed lead kick attempts.

The highlight of the first half came at 37:02 when Johnson ripped a perfect crossing pass to flying freshman Meagan Hilsabeck who faked left, went right and sent a line shot past Jackson to give Pagosa a 1-0 lead.

Gronewoller had two more saves in the half on pressure kicks at 39:32 and 39:41.

With their 1-0 lead, the Lady Pirates seemed to relax and the mistakes began to rapidly mount.

With 5:25 gone in the second half another Ignacio breakaway on a missed Pagosa kick led to a goal by Lady Cat Sage Swink whose shot from the right side sailed high to Gronewoller's left.

At 9:02 Gronewoller was again called on to save a breakaway effort after a Pagosa attacker fell while missing a passing kick and Swink was the only person near the ball.

At 29:21 the Lady Pirates seemed to regain momentum when Gross scored from deep center on a crossing lead from sophomore Amy Moore as Pagosa regained the lead.

For the next four minutes, however, the Lady Pirates made repeated turnovers requiring Gronewoller to turn aside resulting Ignacio scoring opportunities.

Finally, with 5:18 left in the game and the sun directly in her face, Gronewoller was beaten on a breakaway by Ignacio senior Theresa Cox. Gronewoller appeared to be blinded on the shot but would not use that as an excuse for allowing the tying goal.

"I lost it momentarily in the sun," she said, "but picked it up again, dived for it and just couldn't reach it."

Following that score she made three more acrobatic saves and her teammates were unable to generate an offense before time ran out.

Two five-minute overtimes later, the score was still tied with neither team able to penetrate from midfield skirmishes.

The Lady Pirates lost Johnson with a foot injury during the first overtime and she was limping severely after the game.

Gronewoller accumulated 15 saves for the game and Jackson recorded nine for Ignacio.

The Lady Pirates' season record going into the playoffs is six wins, four losses and two ties.


Few scoring chances against Durango

By Karl Isberg

Maybe it was the prom.

Maybe it was the wind.

Maybe it was simply one of those days when nothing works well.

Regardless of the factors, the result was clear: the Durango junior varsity soccer team defeated the Lady Pirates 5-0.

There was nothing significant up for grabs when the two teams met at Golden Peaks Stadium on April 29. Granted, the Ladies could use the game as a tune-up for playoff action tomorrow, but a win or loss would not count in terms of the Ladies' league standing or seeding in playoff action.

Wind was a problem throughout the game, but a ferocious headwind during the first half inhibited Pagosa's ability to clear the ball from the defensive zone. When the ball made it to mid-field, the Ladies also experienced difficulties moving the ball into position for an attack on the Demons' goal.

Scoring chances were few and far between for the Ladies in the first half. Meagen Hilsabeck had a run on goal, taking a pass in the center of the field, but her shot went wide. Aubrey Volger lost a close race with the Durango keeper as she ran on to a ball cleared from the Lady Pirates' end of the field by Pagosa keeper Ashley Gronewoller.

The Lady Demons, for their part, were unable to convert a number of offensive zone possessions into shots. Finally, a solo run down the wing by a Demon striker resulted in a successful shot to the far corner of the net and Durango had the 1-0 lead.

Durango began to apply pressure, and Gronewoller had to make several key saves. A Lady Demon throw-in resulted in a breakaway by a striker and Gronewoller made a save on a shot from 15 yards out. Another Demon attack, this time from the top of the box, was stopped by the Pirate keeper.

A Durango crossing pass resulted in a shot and another save by Gronewoller. With her defense unable to clear the ball, Gronewoller made yet another save off a breakaway that began with a Demon throw-in.

Finally, the relentless Durango attack produced a second goal, this one from an unmarked attacker, 15 yards from the goal in the middle of the field.

Pagosa took another blow shortly after the second Durango goal. Senior Ashlee Johnson took a spill at midfield and aggravated an injured ankle. The injury forced Johnson out of the game and deprived the Ladies of one of the main components of their attack.

While the offense was weakened by Johnson's departure, it was not silenced. Hilsabeck again charged the Durango keeper, narrowly missing an attempt from the side of the net.

The Demons resumed their assault and Gronewoller made a diving save on a breakaway. A two-on-one break by Durango was more than Gronewoller could handle. A rebound was put across the goal line and Durango upped the advantage to 3-0.

Two successful passes down the wing set up situations in which the Ladies had opportunities to press the issue with Durango but Pagosa strikers could not complete the overlapping runs needed to push the ball into position for shots.

An intercepted goal kick led to a Durango goal and only a great defensive play by freshman defender Sara Aupperle prevented another Durango attack from inside the box.

When the second half began, and with the wind at their backs, the Lady Pirates discovered their offense.

Pagosa began second-half action with two scoring attempts from 20 yards out, then lost Hilsabeck to an injury. The freshman would recover, however, and return to action several minutes later.

Aupperle again stripped a Demon striker of the ball and the Lady Pirates' mid-field play kept the Demons out of range. That mid-field clutter kept both teams from mounting an attack for approximately five minuets, then, suddenly, out of the cluster of players at midfield, a Lady Demon fashioned a breakaway and a goal put Durango in front 5-0.

From that point, to the end of the game, the Lady Pirates had the lion's share of scoring chances.

Jennifer Gross ran on to a pass and shot just wide of the goal. Two well-placed corner kicks by Tiffany Diller resulted in shots, both thwarted by the Demon keeper. Hilsabeck charged the net and took a shot before colliding with a Durango player.

Several exceptional defensive plays by Aupperle and a last-ditch effort by Cassie Pfeifle kept Durango away from Gronewoller until game's end.

Pagosa finished the day with nine shots on goal. Gronewoller made 11 saves on 16 Demon shots. The game ended with no fouls and no yellow or red cards issued.

"We weren't into the game," said Lady Pirates coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason. "It all has to do with mental preparation, and we weren't prepared when the game began. In the second half, we started getting into it."

According to the coach, the Ladies failed to play their style of soccer, "a passing game. We weren't keeping our shape on offense."

During the halftime break, Kurt-Mason reminded his players that a total effort was necessary from every player on the field. "They knew, down 4-0, that they weren't giving everything they had," he said. "They came out in the second half and did a better job. They did some things well, however. We worked our offside trap well, and we had a couple of good corner kicks that gave us some shots on their keeper. We'll take this game as a lesson, and not do it again."


Prunty qualifies for state

By Richard Walter

Shane Prunty, Pagosa's senior discus and shot put competitor recorded his best discus throw of the season - 136 feet, 5 inches - in the San Luis Valley Championships Saturday at Adams State College in Alamosa.

The toss, good enough for second place, automatically qualifies him for state tournament competition, the only member of the team to do so to date. He has yet to match his 145-8 throw in last year's regional meet.

Prunty finished third in the shot put with a throw of 42 feet plus. Coach Kyle Canty said he expects Prunty to concentrate on bettering the 45-foot automatic qualification distance during this weekend's district meet in Del Norte and next week's regional competition at Adams State.

In the Valley meet, the boys 800-meter relay team finished sixth among the 20 teams competing from all classifications. Members were Daniel Crenshaw, Josh Postolese, Ryan Wendt and Tyler Kirtley.

The girls 800-meter medley relay team finished fourth at Alamosa. The team featured Meigan Canty, Makina Gill, Anna Rolig and Chelsea Volger.

The Lady Pirates 3,200-meter relay team came in third, paced by Sarah Huckins, Andrea Ash, Volger and Amber Mesker. The 800-meter relay team with Rolig, Canty, Huckins and Ash, was fourth.

In individual competition, Huckins was sixth in the 1,600-meter race; Jenny Printz seventh in the shot put and Joetta Martinez seventh in the 300-meter intermediate hurdles.


Pagosa team 6th of 24 in Imagination tourney

By Richard Walter

Do you have a problem deciding what to do with all those little leftovers around the house?

Do you worry about giving dull parties because you don't know what imagination can do to make it fun for your guests?

If you answered yes to either of those questions, Pagosa Springs Junior High School has some clever youngsters you might want to contact.

Competing in the Colorado Destination Imagination state championship tournament Saturday at the University of Denver, the Pagosa team finished sixth out of 24 entries in their classification and just 35 one hundredths of a point behind the top team, McClelland Middle School of Pueblo in the Instant Pudding Improv team challenge.

The Pagosa team - made up of Randi Pierce, Drew Fisher, Clint McKnight, David Houle, Sierra Fleenor, Melissa Diller and Mallory Messenger - were required to bring 10 items with them to use as props in their presentation on a subject which would not be known to them until their check-in.

The items were a coat hanger, an umbrella, the tube from a roll of paper towels, duct tape, a twin-bed sheet, a bath towel, a sports ball, five sheets of blank typing paper, a paper bag and an empty 2-liter bottle. Keep those items in mind.

At check-in they had to draw the name of a famous person from the past, a place and time in history, a fictional character and a conflict or issue.

All these topics had to be worked into a six-minute skit after 30 minutes of preparation time.

So what did they draw? Joan of Arc as the famous person; China during the time of Marco Polo as their time and place in history; a wicked witch as the fictional character; and "someone is watching you" as the conflict or issue to be addressed.

When asked by the judges "Are you ready?" the Pagosans replied "We were born ready," and launched into their skit.

Among other things, they made a bowl from half of the soccer ball and a spoon from duct tape. They used these items as a compass to find their way down the silk road to China, having cut the bath towel into pieces to serve as the silk road. They took the fabric cover off the umbrella and used it for the wicked witch's hat and used the rest of the umbrella to make the spokes in a wheel on a merchant's cart. They used duct tape to make long fingernails for the witch and the bed sheet had many uses. They cut it in half and drew a forest of trees on part of it. They cut a hole in the middle so the witch could be watching Marco Polo go down the silk road and cause him to remark, "Someone is watching me."

For their use of props, the youngsters received 47 of a possible 50 points. Judges comments included "Great use of your historical knowledge," and "Outstanding creativity with your props."

The Pagosa entry had finished second in regional competition April 1 to Miller Junior High of Durango for the right to advance to state competition. Miller finished 11th Saturday.

Team managers for Pagosa were Shari Pierce and Kelly Fisher. The faculty sponsor was Maureen Margiotta.

Just remember, if you're looking for some good ideas for how to use things in your home, you might keep Pagosa Springs Junior High's imagineers in mind.


Community News

Local Chatter
By Kate Terry

National Honor Society picks 28

The Humane Society of Pagosa Springs will hold its annual Adopt-A-Thon on May 13 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., and on May 14 from noon to 4 p.m., at the shelter located at 300 Paws Court.

The purpose of the event is to promote adoptions and raise money for the shelter. Inoculation shots will be give at a discount by Dr. John Eustis. There will be dog obedience demonstration and refreshments will be served. To reach the shelter, take Piedra Road and turn right on Stevens Lake Road. Follow signs to the shelter.

Being inducted into a high school's National Honor Society is an honor. Members are selected by the faculty. The criterion for their consideration is based upon four qualities: Character, Leadership, Service, and Scholarship.

The 2000 Induction of the National Honor Society for Pagosa Springs High School was held last week. The new members are as follows:

Senior - Iben Rasmussen

Juniors -Travis Laverty and September O'Cana

Sophomores - Heather Beye, Luke Boilini, Kari Eden, Nora Fabris, Michelle Ferguson, Emily Finney, Matthew Ford, Keith Frank, Ashley Gronewoller, Todd Henry, Jeffery Johnson, Robert Kern, Carlena Lungstrum, Joetta Martinez, Michael Martinez, Josiah Payne, Ethan Sanford, Callie Smock, Tiffany Thompson, Adam Timmerman, Aubrey Volger, Ross Wagle, Lori Whitbred, Hillary Wienpahl and Hank Wills

These new inductees join the following members:

Seniors: Kristin Bishop, Jodie Blankenship, Sarah Downey, Janae Esterbrook, Amanda Forrest, Sarah Huckins, Laura Kelley, Seth Kurt-Mason, George Kyriacou, Gwyn Lewis, Kayla Mackey, Katherine Martinez. Valerie Niesen, Bonnie O'Brien, Erica Rader, Aaron Renner, Kim Strickland, Shannon Taylor, Michelle Thaxton, Brandi Timmerman, Chelsea Volger, Ian Widmer, Jake Wills, Ashley Wilson and Sarah Yoder.

Juniors: Andrea Ash, Gretchen Bergon, Meigan Canty, Ashleigh Correll, Daniel Creshaw, Tiffany Diller, Tara Franklin, Makina Gill, Jennifer Gross, Tiffanie Hamilton, Hope Koppelman, Audrey McBride, Jennifer Nelson, Kellilyn Patterson, Garrett Paul, Mike Pierce, Joshua Postolese, Eliza Riley, Patrick Riley, Annah Rolig, Garrett Tomforde and Marisol Villalobos.

They deserve our congratulations.

The follow-up on the Archuleta County Community Plan public meetings is scheduled this month. Although the meetings will be listed in Kate's Calendar, this is the whole schedule.

All meetings are from 7 to 9:30 p.m.

May 15: Area 6, Ken Seibel, community representative, at Arboles in the Catholic Church basement.

May 16: Area 3, Bob Formwalt and Dick Moseley, community representatives, at the Fairgrounds.

May 17: Area 5, Mary Kay Carpenter and Mary Madore, community representatives, at the Fairgrounds

May 22: Area 7, Lynn Constan, community representative, at the old Chromo school building on U.S. 84.

May 23: Area 1, Karin Aspin, community representative, at Pagosa Lakes Community Center

May 24: Area 2, Tim Horning and John Applegate, community representatives, at Pagosa Lakes Community Center

May 25: Area 4, Wayne Pippenger, community representative, at Catholic Parish Hall on Lewis Street.

Fun on the run

Attention IRS:

Enclosed is my 1999 tax return and payment. please take notice of the attached article from USA TODAY newspaper. In the article, you will see that the Pentagon is paying $171.50 for hammers and NASA has paid $600 for a toilet seat.

Please find enclosed four toilet seats (value $2,400) and six hammers (value $1,029). This brings my total payment to $3,429. Please note the overpayment of $22 and apply it to the "Presidential Election Fund," as noted on my return. Might I suggest you send the above-mentioned fund a 1.5 inch screw (see attached article . . . HUD paid $22 for a 1.5-inch Phillips head screw).

It has been a pleasure to pay my tax bill this year, and I look forward to paying it next year.


A satisfied taxpayer

Chamber News
By Sally Hameister

'Our Miss Brooks' coming May 11

Wow - 'tis the Merry Month of May already, and I'm wondering where the first four months of the year have gone. I don't remember reading anywhere that a new millennium meant double time, but obviously, it is so. Thankfully new members continue to join us and faithful renewals come back on a regular basis. Life is good. We have four new members this week and four renewals. I do love symmetry.

Brian Riggs joins us this week with United Country Riggs Ranches and Resort Properties, LLC, located at 2035 West Highway 160, Suite 111. This company definitely qualifies as a Pagosa institution as it has been family owned and operated since 1977. United Country Riggs Ranches and Resort Properties, LLC, builds relationships that span several generations. If you would like to call Brian for more information, please do so at 731-3131.

Francesco L. Tortorici joins us next with Anasazi Custom Builders. Francesco offers the construction and design of custom homes incorporating both traditional and passive solar designs. Francesco also brings over 30 years residential and commercial experience to this business. If you would like to discuss your construction and design need, please give him a call at 731-4786. Thanks to Joan Cole for the recruitment; Joan will be rewarded with a certificate for a free SunDowner.

We next welcome Kim Smith Flowers who brings us the Vista del Rio Lodge located at 2595 U.S. 64-84 in Chama, N.M. The Vista del Rio Lodge is Chama's newest motel and is both AAA approved and three diamond rated. Continental breakfast, in-room coffee and hot tub are all included in your stay in this property located on the banks of the Chama River. Please call 505-756-2138 for more information about the Vista del Rio Lodge.

Curt Christiansen joins us next with the Pagosa Youth Foundation located at 251 Miller Ranch Road. This fine group hosts the PYF 's Spitfire Creek Ranch, which offers help and alternative treatment for "at-risk" youth and their families through equestrian-assisted therapy programs. These folks use "horses to heal " in serving the youth and their families. To learn more about the Pagosa Youth Foundation and the Spitfire Creek Ranch, please call 731-5660 or 883-4000.

Welcome and thank you to all these fine new members.


Our renewals this week include Matt Poma with Poma Ranch and Outfitting at two locations. Please note that Matt has changed the name of his business from Piedra Packing and Outfitting to Poma Ranch and Outfitting. This new name includes Matt's ranch located in the Upper Piedra and what was formerly Diamond Hitch Stables at 2404 North Piedra Road. Matt's branching out with one name and two locations that include hourly and full-day trail rides, fishing trips, chuckwagon breakfast and dinner rides, horse boarding and private cabins. Winter activities include bed and breakfast, snow-mobiling and cross country skiing. You can reach Matt at 731-7433 or 731-6288.

Other renewals this week include Lynn Byron with Treasure Valley Coffee of Colorado, Inc., Roy D. Vega, agent with New York Life Insurance Company, and Pagosa Springs Enterprises, Inc. Thanks to all for the continued support - we love it.

Our Miss Brooks

I know I 'm not the only "vintage individual " who remembers the wonderful Eve Arden who so exquisitely portrayed the trials and tribulations of "Our Miss Brooks " on both radio and television. Your opportunity to relive those funny, memorable moments with the incorrigible Thursday Night Live gang will be on May 11. You will be treated not only to the hysterical "Our Miss Brooks " but to presentations of original material that hits close to home. Hmmm - sounds like you might want to be there to protect yourselves. The ticket price of $15 includes dinner accompanied by live music followed by an evening of performances by the Thursday Night Live crew. Please give John Porter a call at 731-3671 for more information.

Tenth anniversary

Most marriages don't last as long as our own Village Texaco, soon to celebrate their tenth year in business. Please join them on Saturday from 10 a.m. until 2 p.m. and enjoy all kinds of goodies in honor of the celebration. There will be free hot dogs and cokes, balloons for the kids and a reduced price on unleaded gas (very welcome in these days when a tank of gas equals a mortgage payment!). There will be drawings held every 15 minutes for various prizes, and the grand prize will be $100 in fuel. Please join the fun and games at Village Texaco on Saturday and help Jere, Lois, Ken, Kevin and all the staff celebrate their 10 successful years of business at the corner of Highway 160 and North Pagosa Boulevard.

Adam and Eve

If you're looking for that special event to honor your mother or do something extraordinary for a special someone, consider the Mother 's Day Dinner Theatre to be held on May 12 and 13 at Pagosa Lodge. "The Diaries of Adam and Eve " written by Mark Twain and directed by Zach Nelson will be presented on those evenings following dinner. This production stars Sandy Applegate, Steve Rogan and Sharman Alto, and promises laughs aplenty. Dinner will be served from 6 to 7:15 p.m., and "Diaries " will begin at 8 p.m. Tickets for this fun evening are $24.50 and will be sold only in advance at The Plaid Pony, the Chamber of Commerce and WolfTracks. Seating is limited, so we suggest that you purchase your tickets as soon as possible. You can call 731-5262 or 731-6020 for more information.

Pirate award

You are invited to the Endaba Wilderness Retreat on Saturday for the third annual Endaba Scholarship fund-raising dinner and silent auction, starting at 6 p.m. The proceeds from this evening will fund a scholarship to be presented to a Pagosa Springs High School student later in May. Tickets for this worthy event may be purchased at the Made in Colorado Shoppe or at Jackisch Drug for $12.50 each, plus tax, regardless of age. Due to space restrictions, only 40 tickets will be sold, so we suggest an early purchase. If you cannot attend, but would like to contribute either auction items or cash, please feel free to do so. Dinner will include chile verde, Spanish rice, Speecy Spicy beans, tossed salad, dessert and beverages. (Beverages will be non-alcoholic, but you are invited to bring the beverage of your choice.) As a really special treat, John Graves and Debbee Ramey will provide live music for this special event.

This award is based upon the recommendations of Pagosa Springs High School teachers who are asked to submit the names of students who have excelled in several categories. The qualities considered include courage and persistence in the face of adversity; creativity; contributions to the arts; humanitarianism; contributions to the appreciation of, or protection of natural resources; statesmanship; and volunteerism. The winner is selected by the folks at Endaba.

The folks at Endaba see this as an opportunity to reward a young person for good actions, as well as a way to encourage the development of attributes that will serve them well in society and life. Please call Bill Gullette at Endaba for more information at 731-4310.

Wine and cheese

You certainly could be a busy bee this spring if you choose to be so. You are invited to the Pioneer Museum on May 12, from 5 to 7 p.m. for a Wine and Cheese Extravaganza and tour of the museum. The San Juan Historical Society will host this event to educate you about the museum and to encourage you to become a volunteer for the summer.

A wide and wild selection of wines, cheese and other goodies will be served, and you will be asked to donate $5 - but it comes with a money-back guarantee. If you volunteer for the summer and don't enjoy the experience, you'll get your $5 back and, of course, you'll have the wine and cheese forever. What a deal! Please plan to attend and RSVP to 731-5213 or 264-4522. If wine isn't your thing, by the way, bottled water will be available that evening.


We will be telling you more about this special event that will take place on June 2 and 3 at the high school auditorium, but for now we want to congratulate Kathey Fitz for winning the two free tickets awarded at the recent SunDowner. Rhythmania will feature Tony Osanah and local Cary Valentine with the music of Peru, Brazil, Bolivia and Native America. Charles Martinez, John Graves and Lee Bartley will be guest performers for this unique and groovy evening presented by the Pagosa Springs Music Boosters in association with the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. Mark your calendars for June 2 and 3, and we will tell you much more in the future.


Pagosa Lakes
By Ming Steen

Pedestrian-bike path opening Saturday

The PLPOA Department of Property and Environment announces the official opening for the North Pagosa Pedestrian and Bicycle Pathway constructed late last fall. There will be a ribbon-cutting ceremony at 9 a.m. Saturday. There will be coffee, punch and donuts as well as an opportunity to take a spin or a walk along the path. Come and find out more about future pathway plants in Pagosa lakes.

The Pagosa Area Trails Council will be having its annual Outdoor Expo at the Archuleta County Extension building from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. this Saturday. The Expo will be an opportunity for area residents and visitors to check out the latest in outdoor equipment as well as take in presentations on outdoor related topics. Fred Harman III will be at the Expo this year and will be giving a presentation on the history of Pagosa. Interesting stuff - don't miss it.

"Skyraces" are held in Colorado, the European Alps, Tibet, Nepal, Kenya, Mexico and other locations - wherever the sky and the mountains meet. The concept of running at altitude is difficult to understand. The concept of running a marathon (26.2 miles) at altitude is well, something else. Many lie down until that thought passes, but that's the difference between mountain runners and the rest of us: We recline. They incline.

The undisputed king of American "skyrunners" is Matt Carpenter. Carpenter, a resident of Colorado Springs, is America's poster child of skyrunning, events run at nosebleed elevations and leg-leadening lengths. He's won nine of the 12 Sky Marathons he's entered, including four consecutive victories in a Mount Everest race run over 26.2 miles of dirt road at 14,447 feet.

To help convey the incredible speed the skyrunners attain to the normal couch potato, take a look at this: The current men's world record for an ordinary road marathon is two hours, six minutes and 50 seconds. The fastest woman's time on asphalt is 2:20:47. hold those up against skyrunning records at the Everest Sky Marathon in 2:56:08 (at 14,447 feet) and the Kenya Sky Marathon in 5:03:22 (at 16,367 feet).

But the sport appeals to thousands of other runners who lack the heroic genes and discipline of Carpenter, whose maximum VO2 uptake - a measure of the body's ability to deliver oxygen to the muscles - is the highest ever recorded in a runner and roughly twice that of the average recreational athlete. Physiologically speaking, low maximum VO2 uptake can make a mountain out of a molehill.

A lot of life is spent listening to people tell us we can't do certain things. Well I like to find out from myself what I can and can't do. High altitude running is not an elite thing. We don't all run at the same speed but at our own level we can push ourselves a little bit farther. That's true of many things in life.

A group of recreational runners from Pagosa will again travel to Ouray in September to participate in the 18-mile Imogene Pass Run. Imogene Pass is exceptionally beautiful, even by Colorado standards.

The race route is from Ouray to Telluride over Imogene Pass at 13,114 feet. Matt Carpenter holds the record at 2:05:56. I did the run last year in 3:50:57. Actually, "run" is a misnomer for all but the sport's best; most are eventually reduced to power-hiking the steep grades. All the better to take in the view.

If you are interested in the Imogene Pass Run, please contact me at 731-2051. I have the registration packets. The Run fills up early - on a first-come-first-serve basis. Entry will be limited to 800 running participants and 300 walking participants.

The Pagosa contingent will start high-altitude training as soon as the snow is off the trails. With adequate training, we can get our body acclimated, get it to diffuse oxygen more readily from the lungs to the muscles. In short, we can train ourselves to breathe easier at altitude. Even if you aren't interested in going over Imogene Pass on foot this year, you are welcomed to run with the group during the training sessions.


Arts Line
By Jenifer Galesic

Sole has glorious haven for learning

Last fall, Soledad Estrada-Leo began pursuing one of her many dreams. As it turns out, she took 13 art-loving lil' angelos along for the ride.

Sole's students range in age between 5 and 13. She teaches these beautiful and very talented children out of her own gallery and studio, which recently opened to the public for daily visits.

From the moment you walk into one of her classes, the atmosphere is positive, warm, and reassuring - a glorious haven for learning. These kids are there to create drawings and paintings from their hearts, their perspective and their imaginations. The techniques and mediums focused on thus far, have been mostly pastels and charcoal, with a little acrylic egg painting on the side.

Participants in the current showing at the Pagosa Springs Arts Council gallery in town park are Clara Estrada Barber, Maddy Bergon, Brook Galesic, Alaina Garman, Michael Henderson, Amanda Huang, Garrett Laner, Dakota Miller, Grace Smith, Max Smith, Quinn Smith, Makayla Voorhis and Moe Webb.

The opening reception for the "Lil' Angelos" show will take place from 5 to 7 p.m. today at the Town Park gallery. Please join us for refreshments and to meet this extraordinary group of artists. I promise their work is muy fantastico, and will blow you away. The exhibit will run through May 17.

PSAC gallery hours are from 11 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., Tuesday through Saturday.


The Pagosa Players and The King's Men will present their third show of the new millennium, on Mother's Day weekend. The play "Diaries of Adam and Eve", by the one and only Mark Twain will take place on May 12 and 13 at the Pagosa Lodge.

The show is a dinner theatre with gourmet feasting included in the ticket price at $24.50 per person. "Diaries of Adam and Eve" stars Sandy Applegate, Steve Rogan and Ms. Sharman Alto. Musical accompaniment will be provided by Melange. Seating is limited; tickets will not be sold at the door and the productions are quickly becoming notorious for being sold out. Bearing this in mind, be sure to get your tickets early through the Pagosa Lodge. As always, 10 percent of all proceeds will be donated to United People's Help Ministries.

Spanish Fiesta

With each new spring comes another Spanish Fiesta. The 20th annual Fiesta will kick off tomorrow with a Cinco de Mayo dance at the Parish Hall from 8 p.m. to midnight . Cinco de Mayo is the celebration of Mexico's Independence and an excellent occasion to party. In June there are several other events taking place, and a need for dancers, entertainers, musicians, food vendors and craft booth operators.

If you are interested in participating, please call the PSAC at 264-5020.

Pertinent info.

Thank you to the Community United Methodist Church for their generous donation to the Pagosa Angel Box Painters, a division of the PSAC.

The PSAC is seeking another Artsline writer for an occasional fifth week. If you can spare a little time and talent, please ring Joanne at 264-5020.

There is a prime-time slot available for exhibiting in the PSAC gallery in Town Park. If you would like to show your creations, or would like to know what times are available, please call Joanne at 264-5020. This spot is so great it will not last, guaranteed!


Senior News
By Janet Copeland

Chili Supper was unqualified success

Thank you, Pagosa Springs! The Chili Supper on Saturday night was a huge success. The weather was perfect, attendance was great, and the donations from the various merchants and individuals were beyond wonderful. To all who volunteered their time and efforts in making this event possible, we Thank You profusely.

We want to welcome our guests of the past week. On Wednesday, Bill and Jo Cooley and Grace Pierce joined us. On Monday we were happy to have Ed Canales, Genny Douglas, Dody Smith and Gwen Woods join us.

Belated "Happy Birthday" to all of the April birthday folks. Those celebrating include Maudie Baker, Bill Baker, Charlene Baumgardner, Jim Boston, Carlo Carrannante, Bob Cooper, Kurt Diedring, Helen Girardin. Lillian Handy, Kathryn Hatcher, Margaret Martinez, Elaine Nossaman, Ester Orr, Ramona Ruiz, Myrtle Snow, Della Valdez Truesdell, Sherry Ulery, Wayne Van Hecke and Gene Waller. Also, we wish Happy Birthday to Sophie, who works in our kitchen (though she is a youngster compared to most of us).

We are sorry to hear that Medena Hamilton is ill. We wish Medena a speedy recovery.

The Colorado Foundation of Dentistry or Donated Dental Services, has provided some very important information on their services. DDS serves disabled and elderly people who cannot afford needed dental treatment and have no other way of getting help. Qualified applicants must be permanently disabled, chronically ill, or elderly. If you wish to determine if you qualify or if someone you knows does, please contact: Colorado Foundation of Dentistry, Attention: Lynda Medlyn, 1800 15th Street, No.100, Denver, CO 80202. There is a brochure regarding this service available at the Senior Center.

Cruising with Cruse
By Katherine Cruse

Gobblers trade calls, not shots

"Are you really going turkey hunting with my husband?"

This was the question my neighbor Buck's wife asked me a few weeks ago. Oops! How would YOU answer a question like that?

The whole idea is a little daunting. Not only the part about going out on the trails with my neighbor's husband, but the hunting part. Turkey hunting. Right. Me. The Eastern, tree-hugging vegetarian.

Actually, Buck made hunting sound interesting.

Hunters often talk about the joy of being out in the woods. They say that they don't go out there to shoot Bambi; they just want to get outdoors and commune with nature. Oh, really?

In hopes of being more informed, I asked Buck why he went hunting. You wanna guess his answer? Yep. He enjoys being out in the woods and watching the wildlife.

"Now, turkey hunting, that's really hard," he said. "Turkeys are so suspicious, and their eyesight is so good, that you can't move. You have to sit absolutely still."

"What do you do while you're sitting there?"

"Watch the wildlife, the deer and elk and other critters that come around."

That part sounded appealing to me. I'd like to know a lot more about the wildlife around here. I'd like to recognize different tracks, predict when and where something might stroll by, and be able to seek out the animals before they spot me and disappear. About the only animals we see when we're hiking in the high country are elk. They're pretty visible, except that usually we're on a ridge and they're in the meadow below us. Far below us.

So when Buck said he was going turkey shooting, I sort of invited myself along.

Turns out, Buck hasn't actually shot a turkey since 1969. Sometimes he's had no luck. Sometimes, like the last time out, he got set up and called out turkey sounds. The turkey answered, "Gobble, gobble." Then Buck. Then the turkey. Back and forth. Took two weeks for that wily bird to get close enough to take a shot, and by then Buck didn't have the heart. He'd been having too much fun. My kind of hunter.

Buck's wife says the hardest part is the sitting still. And you can't talk. She says if she even opens her mouth, he says "Shhh!" I've been practicing sitting still, at the movie, at meetings, at church. It's not as easy as it looks. And at least in those places, I'm sitting on a chair.

Then there's the camouflage. Buck dragged out his hunting gear to show me. Besides the suit and the cap, there are camo gloves to wear and a camo mesh curtain that you sit behind. And little camo mesh drapes, with eyeholes in them, to hang in front of your face.

If you don't want to look like an Arab woman in purdah, you can paint your face. The paint comes in a whole raft of earth and leaf colors. But I hear that stuff is uncomfortable. And probably itchy. And it's really hard to wash off. My friend John said the camo paint on his face lasted about a week. Of course, I had some advice for him. He should have tried cold cream, like stage actors use.

There's so much to learn about this hunting business. I've been in the homes of hunters and seen their walls covered with elk and mule deer heads. And the trophy fish. And bearskin rugs. But what do you do with a turkey? Do you stuff and mount it? Put it in the middle of the room and walk around it? Or just eat it?

In some parts of the country, like Missouri, people actually mount turkey parts on plaques. But only the spurs and the beard are the parts to keep for bragging rights.

Turns out that someone - the Turkey Hunters of America, maybe - keeps records of big turkeys that get shot. It sounds kind of arcane to me. Multiply the length of the spurs and the length of the beard by some number, six and ten, or five and three, or whatever, and add the resulting numbers to the weight of the bird. If the sum of these numbers is over 65, your name goes into a record book.

Buck bought his license at the beginning of April. Then he went out to look for "sign" on a couple of likely trails. The results were pretty disappointing. He reported back after one foray, "In two hours I only found one small poop and it was too disfigured to tell if it was hen poop or gobbler poop!"

Having an inquiring mind, I of course asked, "What's the difference?" Apparently the hen leaves something that looks like a button, but the male turkey makes a J-shaped poop.

Turkey hunting is a spring activity. And turkeys are relatively scarce in Colorado. You have a much better chance of bagging one in some place like Missouri. Of course, that's of more concern to the hunters than it is to me. Secretly, I'm hoping Buck doesn't shoot anything.

Anyway, we have a date to go hunting. I'm really looking forward to it. Just like the rest of the hunters, I'm only going out there because I enjoy being in the woods.

Education News
By Tom Steen

Expanding your Education horizons

There are many different choices allowing you to continue your education. Many Pagosans are currently pursuing both locally offered and distance learning courses through the Education Center. Some are working toward a high school diploma. Some toward a college degree. Opportunities exist even during the summer.

Pueblo Community College is offering Theater Production I and II and Acting I and II during the summer. Zach Nelson will be the instructor for these classes. Local early childhood practitioners will also be attending the lab for their "Infants and Toddlers" class. Registration has already begun. If you are interested, call the PCC number at the Education Center now, 264-0445.

High school courses are available from several accredited distance learning sources. The Education Center has several students taking classes and completing their high school diploma through North Dakota Division of Independent Study. During the 1999-2000 school year, NDIS received nearly 10,000 enrollments from 5,000 students in all 50 states and 35 foreign countries. NDIS's 171 courses for grades 5 to 12 provide summer study opportunities for students in need of college preparatory, gifted and talented, enrichment, and remedial course work.

Thousands of college courses are now available on the Internet or through other distance-learning avenues. An interesting opportunity is to enroll in a summer telecourse. A telecourse is a coordinated learning system based on a series of television programs aired on PBS stations. Information is available on the Telecourse Hotline at 1-877-ON-RMPBS.

Telecourses often provide an ideal opportunity for educators wishing to earn credit and expand their professional background. Generally speaking, Colorado educators wishing to use community college courses for re-licensure may do so if the coursework applies to a new endorsement, is in the area of the teacher's assignment, extends the computer skills for the teacher, or deals with child abuse. Specific questions dealing with license renewal can be directed to the Colorado Department of Education at (303) 866-6628.

Telecourses offered through various Colorado institutions this summer include: Against All Odds (statistics); America In Perspective (history); American Cinema (film/art); Art of The Western World (art history); College Algebra: In Simplest Terms; Destinos, Programs 1-18 (Spanish); Discovering Psychology; Earth Revealed (earth science/geology); Economics USA; Ethics in America; Examined Life; Exploring The World of Music; Faces of Culture (cultural Anthropology); Growing Old in a New Age (gerontology); Human Geography: People, Places and Change; Intermediate Algebra; Literary Visions; Nutrition Pathways (health); Power of Place (geography); Race to Save the Planet (biology); Sociological Imagination; Speaking With Confidence; Voices in Democracy; The Western Tradition, Part I (history);World of Art; World of Chemistry; and Writer's Exchange. Also offered this summer is Law for Life: A Paralegal Certificate Course, Part 2.

Library News
By Lenore Bright

Celebrate state's heritage May 13-21

Our cookbook sale was a rousing success. We had about 20 guests who came to visit, snack, talk about cooking and buy cookbooks.

We sold $118.75 worth of cookbooks, and now we're looking forward to the follow-up in which the purchasers will be sharing the best recipes they find in their new cookbooks at a potluck. Stay tuned to this column for a review of the wonderful tastes we're sure to experience.

Special week

May 13-21 marks an annual celebration of our state's heritage. The week highlights special preservation projects, archaeological talks and prehistoric or historical sites cherished by local residents and visitors alike. Events include talks on the ancient peoples of the Southwest, the preservation initiatives of local communities, workshops, demonstrations and public displays. The closest event in our area is at Dolores, where there will be a symposium on the Mesa Verde black-on-white pottery. There are plenty of other events statewide, so please stop by the library, check out the calendar, and make plans to participate in the celebration!

Global library

For those who are trying to further their education outside of the school environment, a new Internet company is being formed. will distribute information and offer online classes to users around the world. Fathom's founders include Columbia University, the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, the New York Public Library, the London School of Economics, Cambridge University Press, and the British Library. Over the next year, the partners will invest $80 million in the company, which will charge for some of its offerings. Fathom will also offer some free content, and the partner's Academic Council will verify the integrity of the site's information. We are looking forward to seeing the future of online education.

TV- free week

How did you do during TV-free week? The staff of The Pagosa Kid reports that they handed out 25 pledge cards to youngsters who promised to watch no television last week. So far, five children have completed and returned their pledge cards, and received a $10 gift certificate. If you picked up a pledge card and watched no TV last week, don't forget to redeem your pledge card for a gift certificate. And remember, there are plenty of alternatives to watching television every week of the year, especially with the weather turning warm and spring upon us. If you truly have "nothing to do", come by the library and we'll offer you lots of suggestions!


This Saturday is the third annual Realtors Walk-a-Thon. This year's recipients of funds will the junior high and middle school libraries, and our own library will receive funds for science project books for the students of Pagosa Springs. The Walk-A-Thon will begin at 9 am at South Pagosa Park on South 8th Street. Put on your walking shoes and join in the fun!

Local artist

The April 2000 issue of "Cowboy Sports and Entertainment: Handbook for the Cowboy Lifestyle" features local sculptor Kent Gordon on the cover and inside. In an article written by the artist, he discusses a commemorative bronze, titled "Silent Conversation", that he was asked to create for the Cowboy Heritage Association of America. There is also a brief biography of Kent included in the magazine. He is the first western artist to be featured on the cover of "Cowboy Sports and Entertainment" magazine. Kent will have a sculpture featured each month in the magazine. We here in Pagosa Springs are fortunate to have such a wealth of talent in this community.


We received donations of materials this week from Wayne Crosby, Mark Wood, Sandy Kobrock, Mark Mueller, Lois and Ralph Gibson, Peggy Case, Mary Lou Sprowle, Debbie Swenson, Karen Greco and Peter Morgan. Thanks to everyone.

A positive light

It is surprising that a card of thanks and the third an-

nual Walk-A-Thon would provide the basis for an

editorial. Yet both relate to the editorial that appeared in this space April 6. It addressed a request for the school board to use district tax monies towards installing lighting for Golden Peaks Stadium.

Five weeks ago it was suggested that the school board should ask what would be the best way to spend $10,000 or so dollars from the district's capital reserve fund. Possibly there is a better investment than lighting a football stadium.

Evidently Susan Garman and the Pagosa Pretenders thought the Pagosa Springs Junior High-Intermediate School Library could use some extra dollars for capital expenditures. Following the recent successful performances of their version of "The Arabian Nights," the Pagosa Pretenders donated $600 to the Junior High-Intermediate School Library.

As with the enrollments at the intermediate school and junior high, the library's needs continue to grow. And though many new books have been added to the library, there is an over abundance of empty space on its shelves.

No one should be surprised that it is an expensive undertaking to buy new books and equipment needed to build up a library.

It's good to know that the Pagosa Springs Area Association of REALTORS® have seen the light regarding the importance of books in students' lives. The local REALTORS® are hosting their annual Walk-A-Thon at 9 a.m. Saturday at South Pagosa Park. Proceeds from the $10-per-person event will in part benefit the Pagosa Springs Junior High-Intermediate School Library.

The school district could consider itself fortunate if more books for its libraries was its only need. Unfortunately, there are countless other academic-related needs for improved supplies or materials throughout the school district. But these needs are pushed into the background with the assumption that there aren't any excess dollars in the district's capital reserve fund.

At a time when local organizations are concentrating on improving the academic furnishings of the public schools, the school board should follow the lead of the Pretenders or get in step with the REALTORS®. Such actions would benefit the majority of the students on an almost daily basis throughout the school year. And it would cast a very positive light on the district's sense of priorities. David C. Mitchell


Dear Folks
By David C. Mitchell

Photos of differences, sameness

Dear Folks,

It took me two tries, but I enjoyed John Fielder's "Colorado 1870-2000" presentation Friday night.

I'd seen the "Back-to-Basics Expo 2000" posters and ads earlier in the month and anticipated seeing the slide presentation.

Then when Friday, April 21, message on my answering machine mentioned a tree planting or Master Gardener activity at the extension building the next morning, I thought it was related to the Back-to-Basics programs.

Thus it was the evening of April 21 that I made my first attempt at attending the slide show. At first I was surprised when I drove to the extension building and no one was watching a slide show. But then I remembered it was supposed to be at the junior high gym. I hurried to the gym with the same confused results.

Well there was no way I was driving out to Pagosa Lodge, even to see John Fielder. So I went home and read the Preview. It was then I learned I was a week early.

Last Friday I arrived at the correct place at the correct time and enjoyed the presentation.

(When watching a slide presentation of Colorado landscapes tops your "must-do" list, you know you're traveling in the "Slow traffic keep right" lane.)

The show featured William Henry Jackson's black-and-white photos of western Colorado in 1870 and Fielder's color photos taken 130 years later from almost the exact locations.

The pictures revealed the distinct physical differences that have occurred since 1870.

They also revealed the sociological sameness of the two eras.

Whether in 1870 or 2000, humans converge on the areas that offer the most profitable sources of income. Adverse or compatible climatic conditions and scenic grandeur or the lack thereof are not major factors

The population concentrates itself along main transportation routes; whether they be rivers, trails, or rail lines or major highways or airports.

The population vacates an area when its income-producing resources play out or lose their marketability.

As I watched the then-and-now presentation, I considered the role the SUN has played in ruining many of the once undeveloped areas of Pagosa Country.

Fielder has probably had similar conversations with himself regarding folk's increased use of what the maps describe as wilderness areas.

Surely, his impressive energy and photographic skills have contributed to Colorado's increased population and the increased use of its scenic trails and byways. It would be a small percent, but a number of folks moved to Colorado simply because of Fielder's beautiful coffee-table photography journals.

Folks shouldn't be surprised the next few years if law makers' inaction leads to the population of the metroplex areas passing initiatives that will restrict development and movement in western Colorado.

At the local level, folks are already starting to use negative advertisements and petition drives as a means to circumvent the established subdivision regulations and requirements.

It will be interesting to see if folks will utilize similar tactics to prevent the development of the more visible scenic open spaces that still remain untouched in the downtown area.

Know you are loved and please keep us in your prayers.


25 years ago

Building regs proposed

Taken from SUN files

of May 8, 1975

A recommended building permit system, plus some building regulations, has been proposed by the county commissioners. The proposal was made after a recommendation was submitted by the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission. A public hearing will be held to inform the general public and to hear comments from interested citizens.

The town board adopted three new ordinances during its regular meeting Tuesday. Two of the ordinances dealt with building regulations that were adopted to comply with state regulations on flood plains. The third dealt with pawnbroker licenses and the requirements for establishing a pawnbroker shop.

Eileen Seielstad, Julie Peters and Terridee Diestelkamp will represent Pagosa Springs High School in the Class A State Championship Track Meet in Limon this weekend.

Herb Browning won the only contested seat in the school board election by defeating incumbent Farris Breedlove 163 to 105. Incumbent Gilbert Davidson received 339 votes as he ran uncontested for his seat on the board.


By Shari Pierce

Pioneer Cemetery in use until about 1900

I stopped by the Pioneer Cemetery on South 10th Street last week in preparation for a tour of some of the town sites I will be conducting for some young friends. I wanted to see what condition the cemetery is in and was pleased to see that it is in fairly good condition. It had a good cleaning a couple of years ago and that has held up well. The fence is in need of some repair and one headstone near the front has toppled. There is a little trash that has blown in, but I know of a group who will take care of that quickly.

So I will take these young people by for a short visit. I've taken other groups of young people in the past. They all seem to enjoy hearing stories about the former citizens from Pagosa's past and seeing the beautiful site.

This cemetery was the first used by Pagosa settlers. It was in use until about 1900 when Hilltop was opened. Many of the graves were moved to the new cemetery, but some remain. The headstones remaining, though they are few, represent some of the earliest settlers to our area.

The earliest grave marker is that of Grandfather Thomas Chambers. He was born in 1809 in Pennsylvania and came to Pagosa Springs at the age of 70. He passed away in 1882. Descendants of his family remained in this area for over 100 years.

James H. Voorhees was a merchant and was appointed by the Governor of Colorado to serve as Archuleta County's first judge when the county was formed in 1885. Voorhees was born Feb. 25, 1820, in New York. He passed away in 1889.

E.B. Keith was born in 1827 and died in 1889. His wife Marinda is buried next to him. She was born in 1828 and passed away in 1902. E.B. Keith was a cattleman who came to Pagosa Springs in the late 1880s.

John and Virginia O'Neal are also buried in the Pioneer Cemetery. John was born in 1847 in Texas. On Oct. 8, 1869, he married Virginia Keith. She was probably related to the previously mentioned E.B. Keith. The O'Neals came to Archuleta County in 1887. John O'Neal served as a county commissioner and a member of the town board. Descendants of the O'Neals still reside in Archuleta County.



Pacing Pagosa
By Richard Walter

Signs point to teen smoking, drinking

The marvels of walking Pagosa country are myriad -- deer grazing, porcupines hauling their plump bodies across the road, llamas and alpacas growing their fine fibers, skunks scenting the neighborhoods, prairie dogs diving for hidden holes as strange humans approach, and mountain vistas of unending splendor.

May flowers (including dandelions) are blooming, lawns are getting their first trim, gardeners have tilled their plots and are awaiting the proper moment to plant. All across the area one can see unused woodpiles, emblematic of the mild winter we had and house painting projects signaling Spring's arrival.

Just as visible, however, are things we all should be worrying about and I don't mean burgeoning construction or population growth.

It is easy to see the health of Pagosa's youth at risk.

Go past the junior high school's Lewis Street entrance any morning before school starts, for example, and watch the group of six to eight youngsters smoking in a private driveway across the street.

It is obvious they are, at most, only 11 to 13, certainly not old enough to purchase the lung killers for themselves. They are not on school property, so cannot be hailed for their actions by school officials.

Police, however, could take their names, call their parents, and attempt to trace their cigarettes. I know, police have a lot more important things to do than to play nursemaid to some pre- or low-teen smokers. Besides, some parents might consider that harassment.

I suspect the parents, in many cases, are not aware their offspring are smoking - or don't care.

I certainly hope the latter is not true.

The fact some youngsters have cigarettes on their person during the day in class might be evidenced by the number who can be seen smoking as they walk down Lewis Street after classes each day.

I've even seen them sitting and smoking on benches in front of Town Hall and in front of the courthouse, clearly defying the law and endangering their health.

Unfortunately, the problem is not common to the junior high alone. Walk the high school parking lot any day after school and you'll find dozens if not hundreds of discarded cigarettes. Sit in the lot as students arrive and you'll see many flip a butt away as they exit their vehicle and head for the halls of learning. This is one area where school officials could take action because it is illegal to smoke on school property. That, however, would require stationing someone in the lot and taking them away from assigned duties.

I think area doctors and others will agree that smoking and alcohol are among the prime problems for our teens. Yes, there have been problems with major drug use, but relatively few.

Drinking also is illegal on school property but the evidence of it happening is available.

Late Easter Sunday afternoon, for example, I picked up 51 empty beer cans, 11 empty beer bottles, two wine bottles, one whiskey bottle, two vodka bottles and seven plastic soft drink bottles in the area from the baseball field parking lot north through the east side football parking lot.

Last Sunday (post-prom morning) I picked up 25 beer cans, 3 beer bottles, a gin bottle and a peppermint schnapps bottle from the parking lot directly in front of the high school building.

I don't believe teens are responsible for of all these empty alcoholic beverage containers, but someone is using school property for drinking parties and as a disposal area. I wonder how their parents would react if all the bottles and cans left on or adjacent to school property were brought to their home and dumped on the lawn. They are, after all, the taxpayers who provide the funds to purchase and maintain school property and, in effect, it is their property being despoiled.

The majority of our teens are not involved. However, the ones who started smoking in junior high school and before could well be the ones littering the various school grounds now.

On a number of occasions this school year I have also seen used condoms on the high school property along with the cigarette butts, bottles and cans. Combining the alcohol and smoking, one might conclude, means sex is a likely adjunct.

The key to solving the smoking and drinking problems is determining where the kids are getting the cigarettes and alcohol and eliminating the sources.

Is it from home? Is someone of legal age buying it for them? Are merchants selling without seeing proper identification? Are teens using fake IDs? Is anyone asking to see proper identification?

To keep pace with the times, we need to solve this problem.

Old Timer
By John Motter

Three different sets of identification

By John M. Motter

A photograph we ran in the March 30 edition of "Preview" under the heading of "Who?What?When? Where? has attracted considerable response. We printed one of those responses in the April 6 Preview.

1. The April 6 response was prepared by Virginia Selman Decker and Tinnie Conner Lattin. Both were born in Archuleta County. Tinnie has a relative in the photo and Virginia was in the photo. They say it was the Pagosa Springs High School Class of 1932.

2. We received a letter from Myrtle Snow, she was born here to Lloyd and Goldie Anderson, containing the following information, somewhat abbreviated:

Dear Editor:

I am sorry Tinnie Lattin, but you are not in that photo. I, Myrtle Anderson Snow, am.

That photo was taken in May of 1947 in front of the school house about 4 p.m. after the play in which we were characters.

The photo was taken by Mr. Moore, a teacher.

Our English teacher and play director is in the photo, lower row, third from right., Miss Falise. I'm not sure of the spelling of her name.

She was German, but taught English and Spanish.

(Ms. Snow provided us with a copy of the photo with numbers on some of the students. She identified, bottom row, from the left, 1 - (me) Myrtle Anderson; 2 - Janice Martinez; 3 - Irene Lemons; 4 - teacher, Miss Falise; back row, from the left, 5 - Herbert Lattin; 6 - Walter Perkins; 7 - Jimmy Willis; 8 - unknown; 9 - Blaine Thompson; 10 - James Archuleta; 11 - R.D. Hott; 12 - Jack Hughes; middle row, fifth from left, Mary Lattin Thompson; and sixth from left, Charlotte Lewis Friemuth.

3. We recently received a letter from Genevieve Phelps, she was born here to Charles Johnson and Elizabeth King Johnson and served many years as county treasurer under the name of Genevieve Olsen. According to Mrs. Phelps, this is a class, maybe 8th grade, of about 1930 in front of Pagosa Springs School, now 50Jt. mid-school. Mrs. Phelps continues:

"I don't recognize all of them. I was attending Bayles School District 16 west of town."

Taller boy, left end of back row - George Kleckner.

6th boy in back row - Harry "Bud" Patterson. Middle row girls seated, from left, 2nd girl - Virginia Selby Decker; 3rd girl - Ruth Galbreath whose father was John Galbreath, lawyer of our town; boy kneeling right - Raymond Murray whose father was brakeman on the train running between Pagosa Springs and Pagosa Junction; girls seated on ground, 4th girl - Genevieve Skutvik, whose family owned a house on Hermosa Street later acquired by John Motter; 5th girl - Gladys Potter (McCoy) whose family home was on north 5th Street before it went down to cross McCabe Creek. All are gone now except the 2nd girl seated."

Mrs. Phelps suggested we contact that survivor, now Mrs. Decker, but since she (Mrs. Decker) helped Mrs. Lattin with the first identification, we didn't follow the advice.

Does anyone else want to take a stab at identifying the folks in the March photograph? We certainly thank Tinnie Lattin, Virginia Decker, Myrtle Snow, and Genevieve Phelps for taking the time to write us. There is a lot of Pagosa Springs history in those names.


Taline Dawson

Manuel and Armelle Dawson had a robust and beautiful baby girl born on March 10, 2000, in Bellvue, Wash. Her name is Taline Ani Evi Dawson. She has wonderful grandparents, Vahan and Ani, who live in Paris, France, and another set residing in Pagosa Springs, Bill and Evi Dawson. Great-grandparents, Bill and Terry Dawson, reside in Florida and Erika Orlitzky and Dr. Walter Orlitzky live in Austria. Manuel graduated from Pagosa Springs High School. The proud parents reside now in Redmond, Wash.



Business News
Biz Beat

Elk Park Animal Hospital

Dr. Gretchen Pearson owns and operates the Elk Park Animal Hospital, located at 9572 West U.S. 160, five miles west of Pagosa Boulevard.

Pearson specializes in small and large animal medicine and surgery, and the hospital contains separate facilities for dogs, cats and large animals. The large animal facilities are indoor, with a heated hospitalization area and easy trailer access.

Pearson blends preventative medicine with state-of-the-art technology, including laser surgery, oncology, ultrasound, endoscopy and superior anesthesia and monitoring. The Elk Park Animal Hospital also offers intensive care, referral and emergency services, as well as nutrition supplies, grooming services and microchip IDs.

Elk Park Animal Hospital is open Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and on every other Saturday from 8 a.m. to noon. The phone number at the hospital is 731-6400.


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