Front Page
July 15, 1999

Sara Fredrickson:

1999 Athlete of the Year

By Karl Isberg

She's in California, but she casts a long shadow.

Sara Fredrickson's Pagosa Springs High School athletic career produced one last accolade on July 8 when the Lady Pirate was named as the Denver Athletic Club and The Denver Post female Student Athlete of the Year for 1998-99.

Based on athletic and academic accomplishments, the award recognizes Fredrickson's 3.9 grade point average as well as her volleyball, basketball and track achievements during her four-year high school career. The award includes $4,000 in scholarship money from the Denver Athletic Club.

It was a career in which Fredrickson established herself as one of the premiere athletes in the school's history. She earned varsity letters each year in volleyball and basketball and lettered twice as a member of the Lady Pirates track team during spring competition.

Fredrickson's performance on the volleyball court earned her a volleyball scholarship to the University of California at Santa Barbara's NCAA Division I program. She is currently in Santa Barbara engaged in preseason training for the upcoming year.

Fredrickson played on Lady Pirate volleyball teams that won four consecutive Intermountain League and regional titles and that advanced to the Colorado Class 3A State Tournament each of the four years. On three occasions during Fredrickson's tenure, the Lady Pirates posted undefeated IML seasons.

In her four seasons of Lady Pirate volleyball, Fredrickson was named to the IML all-conference team three times and was singled out as IML Player of the Year in 1997 and 1998. She is the current Colorado 3A leader in career blocks and holds most of the Lady Pirates' career records. She was included on all-state tournament team rosters compiled by Denver newspapers in 1997 and 1998 and was named to the newspapers' 3A all-state teams. She was designated as an official all-state player in 1998 by the two bodies that sanction the awards - the Colorado Coaches of Girls Sports and the Colorado High School Activities Association.

Awards as a Lady Pirate basketball star were just as numerous for Fredrickson. She went with Lady Pirate teams to three state tournaments, advancing to the finals in 1998 and 1999. She was IML Player of the Year in 1998 and 1999 and was named as the Class 3A state tournament's most valuable player in 1999. She received all-state awards from CCGS and CHSAA in 1999.

While Fredrickson joined the Lady Pirate track team at the mid-point of her high school athletic career, she managed to excel on the cinders and in the shot put event.

As a member of Lady Pirate relay teams, she ran in the 3A state meet in 1998 and 1999. In 1998, Fredrickson also competed at the Colorado 3A state meet in the shot. She took first place in the shot put and 300-meter hurdles in the IML in 1999.

In May 1999 Fredrickson was named as a finalist for the Denver Rocky Mountain News' prestigious Fred Steinmark award. She was one among five finalists for the DAC/ Denver Post award.

Fredrickson was not present to receive the Athlete of the Year honor at a banquet held in Denver on July 9. She was in Santa Barbara, playing beach volleyball with members of the UC Santa Barbara team.

Contacted in Santa Barbara on Wednesday, Fredrickson said she was honored to receive the Athlete of the Year award, and expressed her appreciation for the instruction and support she received in her home town.

"I'm so thankful for all the opportunities I had in Pagosa Springs," she said. "That's what got me here. I had great coaches and I had family and friends encouraging and helping me."

Sara's father, Chris Lorenzen agreed with his daughter's sentiments about her hometown environment. "If she had grown up in a big city," he said, "I'm not sure things would have worked out the same. What I do know is that she has developed a tremendous sense of dedication. I've been around some world-class athletes, and there are none who are any more dedicated than Sara. Watching her over the years has been a wonderful treat."

Just finished with her freshman orientation at UCSB, Fredrickson said she is preparing to do what she does so well: play volleyball and ready herself for the start of the next stage of her athletic and academic life. "I got my class schedule set and I'm practicing three times a week," she said yesterday. "I'm playing in a beach volleyball tournament this weekend. It's exciting here, and I'm enjoying myself, but I'm still eager to see everyone in Pagosa when I come home for Christmas."


Gallavan dies in house fire

By Karl Isberg

A fire on July 9 at a house located near the Piedra River on County Road 175 west of Pagosa Springs took the life of 63-year-old Donna Lea Gallavan, a longtime resident of the area.

According to Deputy Brad Denison, a call was received at Central Dispatch at 7 p.m. reporting that an old structure located at 1175 County Road 175 was ablaze. The structure was part of the Pargin Homestead, about 1 mile south of U.S. 160, with the building involved in the fire having been constructed prior to the turn of the century.

Denison reported the call was made by an individual living in a trailer near the house.

When Denison and Sgt. Tim Evans arrived, a fire crew from Pagosa Fire Protection District was at the site battling the blaze. Gallavan's badly burned body was discovered in the kitchen of the home. The body was removed the following morning.

District fire investigator Diane Fryar reported that an investigation revealed the fire began on a stove in the kitchen. According to Fryar, clothing and a newspaper were found on the top of the stove. She said the items on the stove did not fall from above and said the structure, which was totally destroyed, contained an abundance of fuels for the blaze.

Archuleta County Coroner Carl Macht said Tuesday that the cause of Gallavan's death was officially listed as acute carbon monoxide poisoning. The cause was determined during an autopsy performed at Montrose on July 10 by a Colorado Bureau of Investigation pathologist.

"We made a methodical examination of the fire ground," said Macht, "and I can certify we made every effort to ensure there was no foul play. I ruled it an accidental death."


Sheriff's Department:

We need enhanced 9-1-1

By John M. Motter

The lack of enhanced 9-1-1 emergency response capability during an emergency situation in Archuleta County might contribute to someone's death, the Archuleta County commissioners learned while meeting in regular session Tuesday.

That sobering thought was presented by Fred Harman III and Sgt. Kimberly Crowley-Kinion, who asked the commissioners for help in getting the extended 9-1-1 emergency communications program operative.

Harman is communications advisor for the sheriff's department. Crowley-Kinion is head of the dispatch department. Dispatch comes under the supervision of Sheriff Tom Richards.

The implication of Tuesday's presentation is that someone in Archuleta County is going to die unnecessarily because enhanced 9-1-1 is not operative. The primary safety feature of enhanced 9-1-1 is, when an emergency call reaches county dispatch, a computer automatically supplies an address to match the telephone number. Consequently, emergency responders can hustle to the address, even if the call is terminated before an address is supplied.

In the absence of enhanced 9-1-1, if the caller does not supply an address, the call must be manually traced, a time consuming process.

"We receive a large number of calls during which the caller is unable to supply the address," Crowley-Kinion said. "It takes a long time to trace a call manually."

Persons calling 9-1-1 might be under bodily attack, they might be suffering from a heart attack or stroke, or there may be other reasons they are unable to supply an address, according to Crowley-Kinion.

During the past five months, dispatch has received 215 calls without receiving an address. A sample study shows that an average of 18.5 minutes each were required to manually trace 23 calls, according to dispatch records. Five examples of the time required to manually trace a call were: an assault - one hour and five minutes; heart attack - 40 minutes; assault - 36 minutes; domestic violence - 25 minutes; and sexual assault - 16 minutes.

"You already know that a few seconds in these kinds of cases can mean the difference between life and death," Crowley-Kinion said. "Implementation of enhanced 9-1-1 is stalled," she continued. "We need to get it moving."

"The program has been stalled for about a year and one-half," Harman said, "even though the necessary hardware was installed more than a year ago. The hangup is, we need someone to work out the addressing problem. We thought Planning was doing that. We understand they have a problem because anyone assigned to that task would have to receive overtime pay and there is a problem getting the money."

"I'm surprised to hear that it is stalled," said Ken Fox, chairman of the board of county commissioners. "I thought we were moving along."

"There are no funds in the 9-1-1 budget," said Dennis Hunt, the county manager. "We took $100,000 from the general fund to get the program started. During the last 18 months we've put in another $120,000 from the general fund plus the 9-1-1 revenue (paid by telephone users on their monthly statements). Right now 9-1-1 is 100 percent over budget."

The biggest problem is getting an accurate measurement of the length of roads in the county, according to Russell Crowley, the county emergency management director. The initial data submitted was "60 percent in error," according to Crowley.

Road lengths are needed in order to assign addresses along roads. Each telephone in the county must have an address for enhanced 9-1-1 to work. So far, the county does not have an accurate database of addresses.

A recent test designed to measure the correlation between addresses supplied by the assessor's office and those from Century Telephone showed a failure rate on the order of 70 percent or maybe more, according to Vicki White of the County Planning Department.

"The Planning Department is responsible for assigning addresses," White said. "The truth is, there are a lot of mistakes out there. Correcting them has not been our top priority. Processing plats requires all of our time. I'm sure I could work full time and not get the problem corrected. I offered to do it overtime, but I was told by Dennis Hunt that the commissioners rejected that idea."

"We've measured the roads twice, but results aren't accurate," Hunt said.

Past road measurements were made by the county road and bridge department.

"I suggest we have a meeting of concerned parties to review funding, additional costs, and possible solutions," Harman suggested.

No action was taken at the Tuesday meeting.


Community mourns loss of Seth Paul

Seth Paul, 14, passed away Friday, July 9, 1999.

Seth was the loving son of Marla and Doug Paul of Pagosa Springs. He leaves behind his brothers Garrett and Bryce and sister Teryn.

Born in Glenwood Springs on June 13, 1985, Seth lived his early years in Carbondale and Grand Junction. Later he moved with his family to Ganado, Ariz., on the Navajo Reservation. In 1992 the family moved to Pagosa Springs.

Attending Pagosa Springs Elementary and Junior High schools, Seth worked hard and frequently made the honor roll. Last year in the seventh grade he earned a 4.0 grade point average for the entire school year. His love of science and technology led Seth to go to the regional Science Fair competition twice. Seth was also active in junior high and recreation sports including baseball, basketball, football and soccer. As a drummer in the school band, he enjoyed playing in concerts and at the Air Force Academy Band Day.

Seth also kept busy with many activities. Nothing was more fun for him than taking apart old machines and making something new out of them. Rocketry was a favorite hobby and recently he built a rocket ignition system out of old radios. Building race tracks and racing his radio-controlled car was also a hobby.

Of all Seth's hobbies, fishing was his favorite. Just about every day in the summer Seth could be found fishing the San Juan River and the fishing ponds in the town park behind the River Center. In the evenings he would be joined by his family and his Uncle John, for fishing his favorite spots on Alberta Creek, Wolf Creek and the East Fork of the San Juan.

This past year Seth wrote the following poem titled "Saturday Afternoon" for Mrs. Maria Gallegos' seventh grade English class:

Early in the morning about six or so/ I ride my bike down to the fishin' hole/ Along the way I stop/ To get my grub at the bait shop/ Now I'm ready to catch the Big One/ Or at least to have some fun./ All of a sudden I get a snag/ It turns out to be an old trash bag./ It is now afternoon/ My parents will expect me home soon./ Saturday afternoons are special to me/ That is my time to be free.

Seth is survived by his parents, Marla and Doug Paul; his brothers, Garrett and Bryce Paul; his sister, Teryn Paul; his maternal grandmother, Leonora Jacobs of Lakewood; his paternal grandparents, Charles and Jean Paul of DeKalb, Ill.; and numerous aunts, uncles and cousins.

Services were held Wednesday, July 14, at 2 p.m. at the Community United Methodist Church with burial following at Hilltop Cemetery.

Memorial contributions may be directed to the Seth Paul memorial fund at Norwest Bank. The monies will be used to build a bench at the town park fishing ponds behind the River Center.


Freak accident claims mechanic

By Karl Isberg

A freak accident on July 7 claimed the life of a Grand Junction man working on machinery at a gravel pit south of Pagosa Springs.

Archuleta County Coroner Carl Macht reported that Timothy Crouse, 34, was repairing a piece of heavy equipment located at a gravel pit on Trujillo Road, 7.9 miles south of Pagosa Springs. Crouse was an employee of Power Motive, a Denver company specializing in heavy equipment repair.

According to Macht, Crouse was leaning over the frame of the engine compartment of the machine when the hood of the engine compartment fell, trapping Crouse for as long as 20 minutes. The weight of the hood was estimated at several hundred pounds.

Macht said the hood caught Crouse on a diagonal, across the man's lower chest. Crouse was found some time after the accident by workers at the gravel pit. The workers freed Crouse and the man died minutes later, prior to the arrival of an Upper San Juan Hospital District ambulance and crew.

The coroner reported the primary cause of death as traumatic asphyxia, with internal bleeding.


PLPOA works on golf policy

By Roy Starling

The Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association board of directors passed a resolution Thursday night they hope will eventually make the Pagosa Springs Golf Club more property-owner friendly.

The resolution directs the board to "establish and enter into an agreement with" the club that will "assure continued accessibility to the Pagosa Springs Golf Club for all PLPOA members while at the same time ensuring that the financial viability of the golf course is not jeopardized by such agreement."

PLPOA President Nan Rowe, chair of the association's ad hoc Golf Course Committee, articulated a need for such an agreement in a letter to her fellow board members.

A 1996 trial court ruled that Fairfield Communities Inc. owns the golf course, she said, "subject to a restrictive covenant which is for the use and enjoyment of the members or associate members" of the PLPOA. "But while "the court's restrictive covenant purports to protect PLPOA members' access to the golf course, the ruling said nothing about 'at what cost to those members?' "

Rowe said in her letter that "there are already a good number of PLPOA golfers who have effectively been foreclosed from utilizing the course because of the level of current fees - notwithstanding their legal right to access to the course as enunciated by the U.S. Bankruptcy Court."

The green and cart fee for 18 holes at the golf course is $50.

While Rowe acknowledges that the wording of the resolution is vague, she said "the idea is to spread the cost of golfing at the club among all the golfers in the PLPOA, and not to have non-golfers" footing the bill.

How to spread that cost? "Our committee is looking at the possibility of putting 'golfer' and 'non-golfer' boxes on the PLPOA dues statements," Rowe said. "Property owners checking 'golfer' would agree to pay slightly higher dues and in return would pay a smaller fee to golf at the Pagosa course."

Non-golfers may also opt to check the 'golfer' box "to make it cheaper for guests or family to golf when they visit," Rowe said.

At this point there is no way of knowing how much golfers' property dues would increase or how much their green and cart fees at the Pagosa course would decrease. "We don't have any hard numbers yet," Rowe said, "but we're working on them. We hope to have some sort of agreement worked out by Oct. 1, because the board needs time to prepare and plan for it while putting together the 2000 budget. This may turn out to be a two-year work in progress."

The Golf Course Committee, Rowe said, "is going to explore this plan with the owners of the golf course and with the PLPOA board." She said early indications are that the owners are receptive to such a plan.

The resolution passed 6-1 with director Jim Carson dissenting.


Inside The Sun

Division of Wildlife offers $1,000 reward for lynx killer

By John M. Motter

The Colorado Division of Wildlife is offering a $1,000 reward for information leading to the arrest of the person who shot and killed a lynx last month west of Antonito in the San Luis Valley. Operation Game Thief, a DOW program, is offering the reward, according to Todd Malmsbury, the DOW public affairs officer.

The adult male lynx was released May 14. Its carcass was discovered June 18 when a monitoring team detected a mortality signal from the radio collar the animal was wearing. The animal's body was recovered the next day and taken to Fort Collins for a necropsy.

"The lynx had been in good nutritional condition," said DOW researcher Tanya Shenk who is leading the agency's monitoring effort. "The necropsy revealed that it had eaten recently and we're examining the contents to determine exactly what it had been preying on."

DOW did not release information concerning the killing earlier, because of the investigation in progress.

"We do have some leads and we are hoping that releasing this now will help generate new information that will aid us in the investigation," said Jerry Apker, the DOW area wildlife manager in Monte Vista.

Apparently the dead animal was shot one time and left for dead. No reason for the shooting has been identified by the DOW.

"The Operation Game Thief board is offering this reward because it feels that the effort to reintroduce lynx is important," said David Croonquist, the DOW assistant chief of law enforcement. "We hope this reward will help in the apprehension of whoever is responsible."

Willful destruction of a state endangered species is a felony in Colorado, according to Croonquist.

Since early February, DOW officials have released 41 lynx in southwestern Colorado in an effort to restore the native species to the state. Lynx once lived throughout high elevation forests in the state, but the last confirmed lynx was killed near Vail in 1972. Since then, there have been many reports of lynx, but no confirmed sightings.

Each of the released lynx is wearing a radio collar that gives off a steady signal that can be picked up from a receiver in a DOW aircraft. If a collar remains motionless for more than four hours, the signal changes and a monitoring team goes immediately to the location to check on the animal.

Six of the 41 lynx have died since being released. Five starved to death, four within a month of the initial release. Based on the mortality rate that occurs in nearly all carnivore reintroductions, DOW biologists had estimated that nearly one-half of the lynx would die.

After the first five deaths, the DOW changed its protocol to ensure the remaining animals were in top physical condition and that the prey base was at its peak at the time of release. Since then, the monitoring team has confirmed that the lynx are preying on snowshoe hares and pine squirrels, and that they may also be taking advantage of the plentiful population of cottontail rabbits, ground squirrels and other common prey species.

"We have had lynx on the ground for more than four months," Shenk said. "The fact that this animal was in good condition shows that it has found prey."

The DOW will continue to monitor the remaining 35 animals, including 28 that were released in May under the provisions of the new protocol. If fewer than one-half of these 28 starve, DOW will continue with plans to reintroduce up to 50 more lynx next winter.

The lynx reintroduction project is part of DOW's long-term goal to restore as many of Colorado's native species as possible to their native habitat. Species reintroduction began early in this century and has continued, especially in the last two decades.

Elk, bighorn sheep, mountain goats, greenback cutthroat trout, wild turkeys, moose, Rio Grande suckers, river otters and peregrine falcons are among the species successfully reintroduced by the DOW.

A formal summary of the lynx reintroduction effort will be presented to the Colorado Wildlife Commission at its Sept. 9 meeting in Grand Junction.

To provide information on this or any other wildlife-related crime, and to possibly collect the $1,000 reward, call Operation Game Thief toll-free at (800) 332-4155.


Little drama provided by PLPOA election

By Roy Starling

At their regular monthly meeting Thursday night, directors of the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association approved the agenda for the association's annual meeting to be held Saturday, July 31, 9 a.m., at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse.

In past years, the highlight of these meetings has been the announcement of election results for board vacancies. Last year's election, for instance, resulted in a record total of 6,700.46 votes cast (the fraction results from a formula used for factoring timeshare votes) and lured 327 property owners to the meeting.

Barring a write-in campaign of unprecedented proportions, however, this year's meeting isn't likely to generate the same sort of drama. Two board members finish their three-year terms this month, and two candidates have applied for the vacancies. Not much suspense there.

President Nan Rowe will be pounding the gavel for the last time at the annual meeting, and Director Pat Curtis finishes up former President Don Costa's tenure. Costa resigned immediately following last year's annual meeting.

Curtis, however, should be back for three more years of board work. Only he and Rod Preston expressed serious interest in serving as directors for the association.

Joining Curtis and Preston on the 1999-2000 board will be appointees Jim Carson (for Roy Boutwell), Fred Ebeling (for Buck Bucklin), Judy Esterly (for Vince DeBenedette), Dick Hillyer (for Joe Donavan) and John Nelson (for Lee Vorhies).

The "new" board will assemble after the annual meeting to elect officers.

The following committee chairs will give reports at the meeting: Curtis, Public Safety; John Nelson, Recreational Amenities; Larry Lynch, Lakes, Fisheries and Parks; Bill Ralston, Road; Fred Ebeling, Rules; and Rowe, Ad Hoc Golf. Judy Esterly will give the Treasurer's report.

Lynch will also update the membership on the Trails Master Plan, and PLPOA counsel Tanis Duncan will give a legal update.

If everything proceeds according to schedule, there will be a 15-minute public comments and question-and-answer period shortly before noon. This session will be continued after adjournment on a one-on-one basis for those who wish to spend more time with board and staff.

Ebeling will then give the election results and explain the adopted bylaws.


PLPOA's sponsored group policy unravels

By Roy Starling

The Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association board of directors admitted they might have dropped a stitch when they approved a new policy on sponsored groups' use of the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse last month.

At their July meeting last Thursday night, the directors voted to rescind last month's resolution and to reinstate the one it superseded. The Wednesday afternoon sewing group, the organization most incensed by the new policy, can now knit in peace, or sew it seams.

Director Fred Ebeling told the board that when he voted to support the new policy last month, he "assumed the (Recreational Amenities) committee had contacted all the sponsored groups and gotten their input. I subsequently learned that none of them were contacted."

The sewing group wrote letters of complaint to both the SUN and PLPOA President Nan Rowe. A common thread running through those letters was the group's fear of signing a financial responsibility agreement - the policy passed last month required the sponsor of a group to "accept any financial indebtedness created by the group due to damage to the facility."

A letter sent to Rowe and signed by 17 members of the club said "If a board member would be at the clubhouse at 1:45 p.m. every Wednesday to ascertain the condition of the building before we used it and also be there at 4 p.m. when we disband to be sure it is left as we found it, one of our group might sign the financial agreement."

"The clubhouse is unlocked for at least eight hours and we would be held responsible for any damage done that day previous to our meeting or following our meeting," the letter said.

Ebeling moved that the board rescind the resolution passed in June and to "reinstate the previous one," and the board passed the motion 6-1, with director John Nelson, chair of the Recreational Amenities committee, dissenting.

"The previous one" is Resolution 98-27 which dealt with charges, fees, user rules, regulations and the establishing of definitions (of sponsored and special use groups) for use of the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. This resolution doesn't require users to submit a sign-in list to the PLPOA administrative office, nor does it make the sponsor responsible for accepting "financial indebtedness."

The old resolution does require individuals in sponsored groups to "volunteer to assist PLPOA staff in preparing large mailings when needed."

After voting to revert to its older policy, the board voted to send the knotty problem back to the Rules Committee for further study.

President Rowe's solution for keeping the sewing group, and others, off pins and needles was for the board to "budget for more staff to take care of the building. We've passed the kids-in-the-tree house stage and we're past the point where we should be asking property owners to take care of the building. Nor should (administrative assistant) Maureen (Clancy) be doing it."


Design phase nest for new town hall

By Karl Isberg

Materials concerning a proposed town hall to be located on Hot Springs Boulevard north of Apache Street were presented to the Pagosa Springs Trustees on July 6 and the trustees asked architects to proceed to a design phase for the project.

A new town hall, if built, will be part of a larger project involving a community center and a so-called "Children's Center." The directive by the trustees okayed work by the architects on a site plan involving all three project elements, with an eye toward specific work on a town hall in the near future.

Trustees were given a building analysis produced by R. Michael Bell and Associates, a Durango-based firm retained earlier in the summer to work on plans for a complex.

With regard to the town hall, architects met with representatives of each of the six town departments that would use a new facility. The departments include administration, sanitation, parks and recreation, building and planning, municipal court, and police department.

Other information needed by the architects was provided on June 13 when the Archuleta County commissioners informed Town Administrator Jay Harrington that the county wants its Department of Social Services located at the site. At the same time, the commissioners told Harrington they do not want to relocate The Training Advantage office to the Hot Springs Boulevard facility, nor do they want to move county building and planning offices to the proposed complex.

With that information in hand, Harrington was able to inform architects to cancel an idea to plan for a free-standing building to house Social Services and The Training Advantage. In the past, planners considered remodeling the current Pagosa Veterinary Clinic building on Hot Springs Boulevard as space for the county departments. The town is preparing to close on the purchase of that building in August. It is now likely the structure will be torn down.

Phase 1 building size for the proposed town hall is now estimated at 10,915 square feet, taking into account the deletion of 720 square feet set aside for the county planning offices and the addition of 2,400 square feet for a Department of Social Services office that will be part of the main building. Parking for the town hall facility was set at 31 spaces with a note that some off-site space could be utilized for police impound requirements and storage.

A total cost of $1,078,610 was estimated for Phase 1 construction of a new town hall. That amount will be adjusted for the increase in square footage entailed by the recent adjustments.

Funding for the proposed construction has been the subject of administrative efforts. According to Harrington, the town will use money from its sales tax-funded capital improvements account to pay for as much as $900,000 of the price of construction. Proceeds from the sale of the Town Hall at the intersection of San Juan, Lewis and 5th streets will be used to pay the construction cost as will proceeds from an Energy Impact grant the town will submit to the State of Colorado in August.

Financing for the community center and children's center is being coordinated by committees working on those projects. Tentative plans show a children's center occupying a free-standing 4,400 square foot structure at a cost of $672,230 and the 20,150 square foot community center coming in at a cost of $2,929,620.

The design phase of the town hall project will involve a site plan that accounts for all three buildings. Once that site plan is approved by the trustees, said Harrington, the architects will be charged with producing a "footprint" for the site. This aspect of the work will indicate how the various buildings will be placed on the land. With a footprint approved by the trustees, the architects will be instructed to work on a detailed town hall building design.


County renews road maintenance contract with town

By John M. Motter

A road maintenance agreement first made between the town and the county in 1997 was renewed at the regular weekly meeting of the Archuleta County commissioners Tuesday.

The agreement calls for the town and county to share maintenance responsibilities for specified roads generally located in the core area of the Fairfield Pagosa west of town. The core area is that area along U.S. 160 being developed for commercial purposes.

Sharing road maintenance responsibilities is necessary because property along the roads in the area is a jurisdictional patchwork, alternating between being inside of, or outside of, town limits.

"Eventually, this property will probably all be within town limits," said Jay Harrington, the town manager. "At that time, the town will assume responsibility for all maintenance."

In a second action related to the first, the county commissioners waived their right to review approximately 12 annexation applications being considered by the town. The waiver allows the town to move ahead with the annexation process more quickly than if it had to wait for the county to review the applications.

Owners of property being annexed will remain responsible to the county to complete improvement agreement contracts with the county in effect before the annexation took place, according to Harrington.

In answer to a final question posed by Harrington, the commissioners committed to lease 2,400 square feet of space in the town's proposed community center to be constructed along Hot Springs Boulevard south of the great hot springs. The county space will house social services functions. In time. Dr. David Baker's veterinary building acquired by the town will be razed.

"We learned it will be more cost effective to construct a new building, than it will be to renovate the existing building," Harrington said.

The commissioners undertook the following additional business Tuesday:

- Agreed to act in conjunction with the Transit Advisory Committee in choosing the winner of a "Name and Logo" contest. The Transit Advisory Committee and the commissioners will meet together to make the selection. July 22 is the deadline for submitting entries. A $500 prize is offered to the winner of the contest.

- After paying $50 to dispose of an abandoned car at the Archuleta County landfill, the towing company making the disposal asked the commissioners to reduce the fee charged at the landfill for such disposals. The commissioners responded by unanimously decreeing that no vehicles of any kind be disposed of at the landfill. They suggested that such vehicles be sold for scrap at Farmington. They further suggested that towing companies charge enough to pay for hauling the vehicles to Farmington.

- The county will sponsor an auction of personal property at Wolf Creek Industries in an effort to recover as much as possible relative to the taxes owed by the firm, which declared bankruptcy in March of 1994. About $71,000 in personnel property taxes and another $61,000 in property taxes are said to be due.

- The county agreed to furnish $700 for a meals program conducted for senior citizens in the Arboles/Allison area. The county supported this program with a like amount of money last year. The seniors program in that area is managed by the San Juan Basin Area Agency on Aging. The seniors pay $4 for meals. The AAA pays $1.75 of that amount. Archuleta County gave $700 to the program, and La Plata County an additional sum. Individual seniors pay what they can afford.

- The afternoons of July 27 and Aug. 3 were set aside for the commissioners to hold Board of Equalization hearings. During Board of Equalization hearings, the commissioners listen to protests concerning property valuations for tax purposes. They also have power to act in favor of or against those protesting.

- A contract was renewed calling for the County Finance Department to conduct accounting services for the County Department of Social Services. The cost is $38,316 for a contract term starting July 1, 1999, and ending June 30, 2000. State and federal sources supply approximately 80 percent of the contract cost. Archuleta County was the first in the state to adopt this approach, according to Dennis Hunt, the county manager. Subsequently, several counties have followed suit.

- Independent auditor Tom Breed was authorized to engage in conversation with attorney Reid B. Kelley concerning information Kelley has supplied Breed relative to a county bridge building fund. The money is left over from several bridge building projects and is reposing in a fund while the county seeks permission to use it on other projects or, if that is not possible, to return it. Breed was also instructed to determine if the information supplied by Kelley entirely covers the subject.

"Anyone not comfortable with how the board handled the bridge funds is welcome to go the District Attorney," said Ken Fox, chairman of the board of county commissioners. "We are not trying to hide anything."

- The commissioners signed a letter endorsing efforts by Bill Bright, executive director of the Upper San Juan Hospital District, to obtain state approval allowing the Hospital District to provide 24-hour-a-day, seven-day-a-week coverage through the expanded scope of practice by paramedics. In essence, if the proposal is approved, the paramedics would be allowed to diagnose and treat certain patients in the clinic emergency room. The paramedic on duty would be in close telephone contact with a standby physician. The proposal has been initially rejected at the state level, but Bright is seeking approval via another procedure.

- A cooperative weed management agreement was renewed between the county and the Bureau of Land Management San Juan Field Office.


Gronewoller among top fifteen speakers

By Roy Starling

Pagosa Springs High School freshman Ashley Gronewoller competed in the Introduction to Impromptu Speaking competitive event at the Future Business Leaders of America National Leadership Conference in Chicago last month and finished among the top 15 students in the nation.

"Ashley presented an excellent speech and was successful against 35 students to be selected in the top 15 for a call-back second round," high school FBLA adviser Dorothy Christine said. "She has the definite satisfaction in knowing she is in the top 15 in the nation in her event."

Christine said impromptu speakers in the competition were given an FBLA/business topic and then given 10 minutes to prepare a four minute speech. Judging was based on presentation as well as development of the topic and its relation to FBLA goals.

Gronewoller qualified for the event by winning the Introduction to Impromptu Speaking competition at the FBLA's state leadership conference at Vail in April.

Accompanying Gronewoller and Christine in Chicago were voting delegates Tiffany Diller and Tracey Farrow and teacher Paula Ford.

"Tiffany and Tracey were responsible for attending meetings to hear candidates present their campaigns for election to national FBLA offices," Christine said. "They then worked with other Colorado voting delegates to decide which candidates Colorado should vote for in the election."

According to Christine, schools from Colorado performed particularly well at the conference. "Once at the national conference, individual schools are blended into one big state unit," she said. "All of Colorado schools support all other Colorado students in competitive events.

"When the award ceremony was over, Colorado placed in the top 10 in 18 out of 30 events as well as taking two state awards for largest increase in state chapter membership and largest state professional membership."

The Pagosans didn't spend all of their time in conference meetings. "We had some time for some sightseeing and fun," Christine said. The group went on a dinner cruise on the Spirit of Chicago, spent a day at Six Flags amusement park and visited the Museum of Science and Industry. They also found time to work in a Cubs game at Wrigley field.


Pastor Fox accepts call to Pagosa Bible Church

By John M. Motter

Rick and Cindy Fox have recently moved to Pagosa Springs from Bishop, Calif., where he was pastor of Calvary Baptist Church for 13 years. Rev. Fox is pastor of the newly formed Pagosa Bible Church.

Pagosa Bible Church had its beginnings as a home church in June of 1998. An initial core group of believers, according to the church's bulletin, desired a simple, Biblically based and God centered form of worship.

The new pastor accepted the call to Pagosa Springs March 15, 1999, and was installed June 13.

Fox graduated from Catalina High School in Tucson, Ariz., attended Arizona Bible College in Phoenix for four years where he earned a B.A. degree, then graduated from Talbot Theological Seminary in La Mirada, Calif.

Following graduation from seminary, he served, in succession, as a youth pastor in Anaheim, Calif., for five years, as associate pastor at Riverpark Bible Church in Fresno, Calif., for nine years, and as pastor of Calvary Baptist Church in Bishop for 13 years.

Rick and Cindy met while they were freshman at Arizona Bible College. They married during their third year in attendance there. The couple has three children: Shannon, 25, a fashion consultant in the Los Angeles area; Shelley, 21, a student at Santa Barbara City College majoring in early childhood development; and Derek, 19, a freshman at Santa Barbara City College majoring in pre-engineering.

Rev. Fox has left an established church body in order to "help begin a new work."

"Our focus is on ministry, not maintenance," Fox said. "We are reaching out to the community with the word of God encouraging people to become acquainted with the person of Christ, rather than on buildings or programs. It has been a long time dream of mine to help a group of people start a church."

The differences between a Bible church and other denominations, according to Rev. Fox, are "our core values may be a little different. We are not so much tied to the recognition of denominational differences. We are focused on the word of God rather than other values or traditions."

Pagosa Bible Church meets at 9:30 each Sunday morning in the multi-purpose room at Pagosa Springs Elementary School. Attendance has varied between 50 and 100 people, according to Fox. Rick and Cindy will not be present Sunday because they are moving their belongings from Bishop to Pagosa Springs during the coming week and weekend.


39 buiding permits in June

By John M. Motter

The Archuleta County Building Department issued 39 permits this past month. With the June permits, the pace of building in the county this year exceeds last year's pace. Last year 536 permits were issued in Archuleta County, a record-setting year.

Through June 30 of this year, 236 permits were issued in the county. By the end of June 1998, the number of permits was 224. The number of 1997 permits by the end of June was also 224. By the end of June 1996, the number of permits issued was 216.

Permits for building new homes accounted for 112 through June of 1999, 104 in 1998, 105 in 1997 and 108 in 1996. Six commercial permits were issued through the first half of 1999. By comparison, 19 commercial permits were issued through June 30, 1998, 24 commercial permits through June of 1997 and 12 commercial permits through June of 1996.

The number of mobile home permits issued through June 30 of this year was 40. During 1998 that number for the same time frame was 37 permits, 40 such permits were issued during the first six months of 1997, and 41 permits through June 1996.

The remainder of building permits for 1999 are classified as "other." Other includes a host of projects such as minor remodeling, porches and electrical and plumbing upgrades. Other permits totaled 78 through June 30, 1999, as compared to 64 in 1998, 55 in 1997 and 55 in 1996.

For the entire year, 446 building permits were issued in 1997, 442 permits in 1996 and 504 permits in 1995.


Cause of death uncertain

By Karl Isberg

As of Wednesday, officials had not been able to determine what caused the July 9 death of 14-year-old Seth Paul of Pagosa Springs.

Emergency medical personnel from the Upper San Juan Hospital District responded to a call to the Paul family's home on Brook Hill Drive in the Pagosa Hills subdivision at 4:30 a.m. on July 9. According to Archuleta County Coroner Carl Macht, EMTs found the youngster in critical condition.

Macht said efforts to resuscitate young Paul began at the scene and continued as the boy was transported by ambulance to the Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Clinic. Macht said Dr. Mark Wienpahl arrived at the clinic and joined the effort to save the youngster.

According to the coroner, members of Paul's family reported the young man "had got up and called out to a brother. The brother found the boy sitting in the bathroom requesting a drink of water and help from his mom. He was carried to the living room where he began to vomit."

Macht characterized the process that led to the youngster's death as "sudden onset," and said "none of the things we found there (at the scene) were the cause of his death."

The coroner transported the body to Montrose on July 9 where an autopsy was performed by a pathologist working for the Colorado Bureau of Investigation. Macht said the autopsy ruled out certain viral infections and head injury as causes of the youngster's death, but said no certain cause was revealed. He said he is waiting for results of other tests, hoping they give him some clue as to why the young man died.

A funeral service for Seth Paul, the son of Douglas and Marla Paul, was held at Community United Methodist Church on July 14.



Other side of fence

Saturday's Denver Post published an interesting article about U.S Forest Service officials concern about the threat of development on privately-owned isolated enclaves that are bordered by wilderness areas within the national forests.

Evidently, a particular developer in Colorado is specializing in securing such properties and either develops the isolated home sites. Because of the boundaries of the adjoining or surrounding roadless wilderness areas, many of these privately-owned enclaves are developed and accessed only by helicopter.

The usual recourse the Forest Service implements to stop such developments is to trade some federal lands that are located outside of wilderness areas for the sequestered enclave. It's either that are use taxpayers monies to purchase the private inholdings at "a greatly inflated" market price.

The developer and his investors are able to sell the former federal lands to the government at a tremendous profit. It is not unusual for portions of the profit to be used to locate and acquire another private inholding located in or adjoining another wilderness area.

A 5-acre parcel in the Weminuche Wilderness north of Durango near Emerald Lake, southeast of the Needleton backpackers' stop along the route of the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad is among 10 such parcels recently listed for sale within Colorado's wilderness areas.

The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence, but with such a threat that close to home, it seems folks in Durango would be exerting public pressure to protect their area rather than concerning themselves with proposals for private land in Mineral County northeast of Pagosa Springs.

David C. Mitchell

Dear Folks
By David C. Mitchell

Anticipating a classic weekend

Dear Folks,

I've been looking forward to this weekend for almost a year.

Sometime this afternoon I'm loading up the family and we are heading for Leadville and the 1999 Courage Classic.

The annual three-day bike ride is a major fund raiser for the Children's Hospital in Denver.

Besides going over the mountain passes around Leadville, Copper Mountain, Vail and Arapahoe Ski Area, this year's ride has a real high point for me.

For the last three years, my high point of the 150-mile ride was visiting with a captivating blonde at the finish line. I'm thankful to know that this year she won't be there.

Nope. This weekend 12-year-old Erica Miles will be enjoying herself with her mother, Joy, and younger sister Angie, on a family vacation in the Rocky Mountain National Park.

My first two Courage Classics, 1995 and '96, included a ride through part of the Rocky Mountain National Park outside of Estes Park.

It was at the finish line in Loveland in '96 that I first saw Erica, her little aluminum walker and her bigger than life smile.

She had a newer walker at the finish line in Leadville following the 1997 ride and an even brighter smile.

Thanks to the surgeons and nurses at Children's Hospital, when I saw Erica at the finish line in Leadville last year, she was standing on her own. Thanks to her surgeon, she only used the walker when her legs tired.

This past winter Erica was active in the skiing program at Winter Park Ski Area. She progressed from using out-rigger skis on her poles to using regular ski poles and a bungie-cord connector on her ski tips

Just this week her doctor told her that the more recent surgery on her hips has furthered her improvement to an even greater extent, and that she will not have to return for a check-up for another two years.

It's a weekend for celebrating. So she and her family are heading to Estes Park for hiking the trails. The trip will also include a stopover at Grand Lake for some horseback riding. Then it's down to Granby and on to Winter Park so she can see what it's like without all the snow.

It's not just Erica Miles. Children's Hospital has provided some tremendous services to a number of Pagosa youngsters for many years, and it continues to do so.

So I'm looking forward to this weekend. The food and sleeping is good and the company is great.

Know you are loved and please keep us in your prayers.


25 years ago

County seeks professional planner

Taken from SUN files of July 18, 1974

No more subdivisions or subdivision regulation variance requests will be considered by the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission until a professional planner is obtained. This decision was reached at a meeting of the planning commission on Monday night of this week. The decision could halt all development of this type until a planner is obtained.

Highway construction work on Wolf Creek Pass is going ahead rapidly. There are, at times, slight traffic delays for vehicles traveling the Pass. The construction project is at the top of the Pass on the west side and drivers are encouraged to use extreme caution when approaching the construction zone.

A Youth Conservation Corps which is being administered by the U.S. Department of Interior and the U.S. Department of Agriculture has established a project on the San Juan National Forest this summer. There are 24 enrollees in the program and it is being carried out under the supervision of Piedra District Ranger Ted LeMay.

The State Department of Education has approved School District 50 Jt. to receive $37,157.60 in supplemental funds. The money from the grant will be used to finance the installation of new roofs on the high school building, junior high building and gymnasium.


By Shari Pierce

Why people chose to settle in Archuleta County

The reasons why people chose to settle in Archuleta County were varied. Some were lured to mountain mining towns such as Summitville and then continued over the mountains to Pagosa. Others came to the area because of the lumber industry and the railroad. Still others came here to operate businesses and provide goods and services to the settlers.

A great many of the early settlers came to homestead land, farm and raise sheep and cattle. In 1930, a column appeared in the Durango Herald-Democrat about early cattlemen in southwest Colorado. It was written by Ignacio resident H.C. Schroeder. Schroeder gave his opinion of why he felt farming and cattle raising became "the business to go into."

He wrote, "The entire country from Pagosa Springs to Cox's Crossing on the lower Animas and on to La Plata was one vast extent of grass lands; with this also lay open the chance of farming the valleys of some eight different streams, with the rare opportunity of entering the lands under the government homestead act everywhere."

Schroeder claimed the cattle industry was the favorite occupation and "for years dominated all else; it certainly spread the money and was the life of all other business."

The following names of some of the first herd owners in the area were culled from Schroeder's larger list.

"Christy Stollsteimer and Meyer Bros., range near Pagosa, 2,000 head cattle; Dyke and Freeman, Piedra, about 1,000; Charley Johnson, Pine River, 1,500 cattle, 400 horses; Grimes Bros., Pine River, 1,000; John and Jim O'Neal, Pine River 1,000; Geo. Morrison, Pine River, 1,000 head."

The largest cattle ranch, according to this article, was that of Cox and Sons on the lower Animas with over 2,500 head.

Schroeder reported that most of the cattle that came to southwest Colorado were driven in "from eastern and northern Colorado, New Mexico and Texas, the latter state perhaps supplying the greatest amount."

He went on to say that cattle prices were always low and the cow men often suffered losses. Hard winters also caused great losses when cattle died by the hundreds. "I recall Grimes Bros. had driven in 700 head in the fall from Texas, when the spring roundup came along only 200 of them were found. Tim McClure lost over 400 of native stock. Johnson, O'Neal Bros., Morrison, all were heavy losers."

Schroeder gave a comparison of beef and other grocery prices. When beef went for 5¢ a pound for the hind quarter and 3¢ a pound for the front quarter, it is easy to see how a rancher did not make much profit.

At the same time beef was going for 3 to 5¢ a pound, flour was $14 per 100 pounds, coffee 40¢ per pound, sugar 3 pounds for $1 and dried fruit 25¢ per pound.

With all the adversities facing cattlemen, we appreciate more the successful cattle ranchers of Pagosa's early days.


Community News

Local Chatter
By Kate Terry

Group needs tenor to join right in there

Needed, a tenor.

In the making is a men's barbershop quartet. Members so far are Bob Kamrath, Curt Killion and Bruce Muirhead. Call Curt at 264-4765 or Bruce at 731-2934 if you can join them. Practices are Tuesday evenings at 7 p.m. at Casa de los Arcos.

The Heritage Quest Road Show, a genealogy workshop, is being sponsored by the Archuleta County Genealogical Society on July 24 at Community United Methodist Church and it will be a bargain for genealogists-whether they are just curious or have been "doing genealogy" for a long time. Leland Meitzler, a professional genealogist, has given more than 2,000 genealogical lectures. This will be his last season doing workshops.

Genealogists with a sense of humor who connect with an audience are the best kind and Mr. Meitzler is reported to be just that. The fee includes a year's subscription to Heritage Quest Magazine (started by Mr. Meitzler) and three queries per family in the magazine. This is a $60 value.

Books, supplies and computer programs will be displayed during lunch break. (Lunch will not be provided.) The workshop starts at 8:30 a.m. and runs until 5 p.m. The preregistration fee is $27 ($12 for each additional family member). The fee at the door is $30 ($25 for each additional family member). Registration forms are at Ruby Sisson Library.

Relay for Life

If you want to participate in Relay for Life, the American Cancer Society's program for cancer survivors, call Leslie Patterson at 731-4643. Or if you would like to purchase a luminaria in memory of or in honor of a cancer victim (the cost is $5 or more), write Leslie at 86 Cimarrona Circle, Pagosa Springs. Fifty-five percent of the money raised locally will be used locally-for patient counseling, transportation and for the "Look Good, Feel Better" program.

The beauty salon Exclusively Elizabeth will be guiding cancer patients in the Look Good, Feel Better program that helps patients care for their personal appearance while making the way back to recovery. Such things as the way to use turbans and wigs, care for the skin and for the hair when it starts to grow back. The beauty line Dermalogica will be used. This is the skin care company approved by the American Cancer Society.

The salon is proud to be doing this service that will be on-going. No fees will be charged. Look Good, Feel Better will start after a training period has been completed.

Susan and Jim Bright who used to live here (and now live in Florida) were in town this past week. One thing they noticed was the large number of talented people here. One never knows who he or she might meet. For example, this story. First off is to tell you that Zach Nelson is the director of "Taming of the Shrew," the first production done by the newly organized Pagosa Players and King's men.

The opening night is July 16. The place is the Pagosa Lodge. Zach first met Sharon Jones at Loredana's Restaurant. He noticed, and who wouldn't, her very appealing English accent. In preproduction for "Taming of the Shrew," Zach asked Sharon if she would act in the production. She declined, explaining that she was not an actress but a professional make-up artist with six years experience in motion pictures. After an animated discussion regarding the major studios where he, Zach, had worked under contract for 30 years, she came aboard the Pagosa Players King's Men bandwagon.

Fun on the run

Does your train of thought have a caboose?


Chamber News
By Sally Hameister

Thanks to friendly flag replacers

We're very pleased to introduce three new members to the Chamber gang this week, one of whom has become the exclusive sponsor for this year's Balloon Rally. Doug Lenberg brings us Dahl of Durango located at 182 Girard in our neighboring town. Dahl of Durango is a wholesale plumbing and heating warehouse specializing in radiant floor heating using 21st century cross-linked polyethylene tubing technology. Doug is especially excited about the exclusive sponsorship because he is an avid balloonist and plans to be very involved with the Balloon Rally this year. You can give them a call in Durango at 385-4446.

At long last, it looks like we have a real, live up-to-the-minute map in progress. Cash and DiAnne Marsh bring us the Map Book, a compilation of all streets, roads and subdivisions in Archuleta County. DiAnne acknowledges that with the rapid growth in our area, this key map will become a much-needed asset to our community. I know that it will certainly make our lives easier here at the Chamber due to the great number of people coming in asking for specific streets in specific areas. DiAnne is working feverishly on completing the Map Book as soon as possible, and we will give you an update when we know more. In the meantime, if you have questions, please call 731-2368.

Member number three this week is Mastercorp Carpet Cleaning with Scott Miller at the helm. Mastercorp is an established business in Pagosa enjoying over a decade of success. Their trained technicians provide prompt, professional cleaning and treatment of all carpets, upholstery and oriental rugs. If you would like to learn more about Mastercorp Carpet Cleaning, please give them a call at 731-4294.

For those who keep score, our membership stands at 631 presently, and we have about seven weeks until our membership year ends on Aug. 31. Anyone want to venture a guess on our ultimate number for this year? No matter what, our present figure is absolutely phenomenal for a community this size, and I thank each and every one of you for your remarkable support and loyalty. You can take great pride in your role for establishing such a successful organization. Ya gotta love it.

Roarin' success

I want to once again congratulate the cast, crew, musicians and directors of "Nunsense" for their strikingly professional and amazingly funny production. Almost 1,400 folks attended the six performances at the high school auditorium, and I have yet to hear anything but raves. You probably won't be surprised to learn that many attended more than once. (I think that Terry Alley holds the record for attending every dress rehearsal and every performance.) The slick professionalism and talent exhibited by each and every one of the performers, musicians and crew members are to be applauded. Directors Andy Donlon and Steve Rogan deserve at least the Tony Award for their expertise in tapping every ounce of talent in each and every actor and musician. Thank you all for sharing those immense talents with us-and we're all looking forward to the next Music Boosters' production.


It seems we always have folks to thank for various acts of kindness, and I frankly can't think of a better problem. New member Granton Bartz, owner of Cowboy Carpet Cleaning, was kind enough to clean the carpet in our board room, and it looks just like new. Such a thoughtful gesture for which we are very grateful. Thanks, Granton. Thanks go out as well to Brent Tanner and Nathan Bryant at LaPlata Electric for their recent flag removal and replacement. Our last set of flags, unfortunately, met up with nasty winds and was somewhat shredded in record time. I was embarrassed to call Mike Alley at LaPlata so soon to request that they come out with their crew and cherry picker to rescue the unsightly flags and replace with new ones, but call I did, and Mike couldn't have been more gracious. Thanks to all at LPEA for their patience with our never-ending flag crises.

New addition

Member Mr. Smokin' Deal, Mark Mesker, at Paint Connection Plus is proud to announce the addition of a new staff member. Barbara Lincoln joins the gang at PCP as a design consultant who is prepared to help you with all your decorating needs. Whether it's helping to coordinate blinds or draperies, game room design, wallpaper, paint or a luxurious spa, Barbara is there is ensure the success of your project. You can either give her a call at 731-5564 or go to the Paint Connection Plus store located at 100 Trinity Lane and chat with her about your decorating needs.

Bike tour

Don't forget that the Fifth Annual Bicycle Tour of Colorado will arrive in our fair town next Tuesday as just one of the stops on their seven-day tour. It will begin in Telluride on Sunday, July 18, and travel to Ouray, Durango, Pagosa, Creede, Gunnison and Montrose and finish in Telluride on Saturday, July 24. Cyclists from all around the world will take part in this 468-mile alpine loop of southwest Colorado beginning with a 48-mile ride from Telluride to Ouray on the first day.

We have been told that there will be around 1,500 people involved in this tour, some of whom will camp at the high school football field and others who will be taking advantage of local lodging facilities. Lori Madsen of Loredana's Italian Restaurant has taken on the formidable task of feeding a large portion of riders both dinner and breakfast at the football field and others will be eating at local restaurants. Were I a restaurant owner, I think I would be ready for a few folks that night.

Our local award-winners, The Pagosa Hot Strings, will provide the entertainment for these lucky riders on the evening of the twentieth, and the Chamber will provide an information booth during the afternoon.

If you need information, you can call 303-985-1180 or visit the BTC online at HYPERLINK


If you have been trying to make a left-hand turn in the past couple of months, it probably won't shock you to learn that all of our numbers here at the Visitor Center are up from last year. In June, we hosted 640 more visitors than in June of 1998 and 1,114 more than June of '97. Is anyone else detecting some kind of trend here?

If you think that Morna is sitting around doing her nails, eating bon bons and watching Oprah, you might want to rethink. She responded to almost 600 mail and phone requests in June, 65 of which were requests for relocation packets; 500 were summer vacation requests and 25 wanted information on skiing, believe it or not. One hundred requests were in the form of e-mails which represents quite the increase over the 6 to 10 we received the first month we were online. Like it or not, kids, our numbers are on the rise, and I don't anticipate anything different in the foreseeable future.

Shakespeare here

This has clearly been a landmark year for Pagosa Springs in the arts. We experienced our first ballet, our first six-night production and now Shakespeare. We are getting more and more uptown, and I, for one, couldn't be more pleased. "The Taming of the Shrew" will be presented at the Pagosa Lodge Lawn Theatre beginning this Friday, and I welcome this opportunity for members of our community, young and old, to experience the work of this recognized literary master. The Pagosa Players and the King's Men bring you this production, and I know that they have been working for many months to make this a reality.

Director Zach Nelson has extensive experience in the world of theatre and arts so we are assured a polished production. Performances are July 16, 17, 20, 23, 24, 30 and 31 at Pagosa Lodge beginning at 8 p.m. Tickets are available at The Plaid Pony (in Pagosa Lodge), The Linen Closet, Fairfield Activities Center and Chamber of Commerce. General admission for open lawn seating is $10; seniors (60+) tickets and children 10 and under are $5. Children under 2 are free.

Reserved boxed suppers are available or you can bring your own. Chair and tarp rental are also available, and you can call 731-5262 for more information. We wish the very best to Zach, Michael DeWinter, Penny Greenwell, Susan Feltz, cast and crew of "The Taming of the Shrew."


Pagosa Lakes
By Ming Steen

Pet Pride Day has room for runners, walkers

You can run in the Canine 9K or walk in Paws on Parade. All runners and walkers are invited. Both events, to be held this Saturday, are part of Pet Pride Day. The 9K is a competitive race for runners and walkers. The One-Mile Paws walk is a noncompetitive walk for adults and children with pets.

Other events at Pet Pride Day include blessing of the animals, a pet fair, pet contests, pet vaccinations and microchipping of animals for permanent identification. The Canine 9K has become one of Pagosa's best races - entertaining, fun on a relatively easy course (Town Park to a two mile marker on Light Plant Road and back to Town Park - total mileage of a little over 5 miles. If you are still undecided on participating in this race, let me persuade you to do it. It's one of Pagosa's top races with lots of familiar faces and spectator support.

Please check in between 7 to 7:45 a.m. and be ready for an 8 a.m. start.

Awards ceremony will be held at 9:30 a.m. For additional race information, please call race director Debra Kelly at 264-9141.

Many of us in Pagosa have followed Sara Fredrickson's athletic accomplishments over the years with a great deal of interest. It was very exciting but not unexpected when I found out that Sara was selected the 1999 High School Female Student/Athlete of the Year. This prestigious award, sponsored by The Denver Post and the Denver Athletic Club, is designed to acknowledge and recognize the many outstanding young ladies in Colorado high schools who have successfully balanced supreme athleticism and academics.

Out of an initial field of 33 female student/athletes recommended to vie for the Post's 1999 High School Female Student/Athlete of the Year award, Sara was one of the five finalists.

During the award banquet last Friday night at the Denver Athletic Club, Sara was announced as the winner of a $4,000 scholarship award amidst other big names like Bronco wide receiver Ed McCaffrey who was himself honored as Pro Athlete of the Year.

Sara, who graduated form Pagosa Springs High School this past May, is a three-time all-state performer in volleyball and basketball for the Lady Pirates and is considered by many to be the top female student/athlete to ever attend our school. The 3.8 student, who also participated in track, will attend the University of California at Santa Barbara this fall on a volleyball scholarship.

Congratulations Sara on your most recent recognition and we wish you all the best in the years ahead.

The Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center pool will be closed all day July 16 for scheduled maintenance. All other parts of the facility will be open as normal.

There will be a second public meeting to discuss the environmental assessment report for the Martinez Canyon Trail System on July 15, at 7 p.m. The meeting will be held at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse, 230 Port Avenue.

To be discussed will be the trail system itself, in the national forest, and the locations of four trailheads along the western boundary of Pagosa Lakes.

There will also be a field trip to tour the trail system and trailheads on July 17, at 9 a.m. We are planning on meeting at the PLPOA administration building parking lot, and will determine our plan from there based on what folks would like to see.


Library News
by Lenore Bright

Friends of Library busy preparing for annual fund-raising book sale

We have boxes of books, and the books are for sale.

As you're reading this newspaper, many volunteers are unpacking for the annual Friends book sale out at the Extension Building at the fairgrounds on U.S. 84.

There are actually two book sales. On Friday night, at 6 p.m., the Friends will hold their annual meeting at which time they will elect a new board member, hold a short business session, eat and drink, and then have their own private sale. If you would like to join the Friends and pay the annual dues, you are invited to attend. Call the Library at 264-2209 by noon tomorrow to make a reservation. Annual dues are $10 for a family, $5 for an individual, $2 for a student, and $100 for a lifetime membership.

Saturday is the free public book sale and doors are open from 8 a.m. until 2 p.m. Join the Friends and come browse the sale both Friday and Saturday. The proceeds go to buy new material for the Sisson Library.

The Friends have other activities during the year, and supply volunteers to work at various functions and at the library. We would not have our wonderful library without our Friends.


Bravo! We are so very proud of the people associated with this musical. What talent! When's the next production? Keep this cast together!

Congratulations and thanks to all for one of the most enjoyable evenings we've ever spent, on or off Broadway. And what a pleasure to see and hear it in a wonderful auditorium right here in Pagosa

More entertainment

John Graves has loaned us a copy of his movie "Picnic At Hanging Rock," and it may be checked out. Ask for the video at the desk. John called to say his next film discussion group will be at the Parish Hall on Friday, July 23. The film will be "The Treasure of Sierra Madre."

In the future, the group will meet on the third Friday of the month. For more information, call John at 731-9863.

Summer reading

The boys and girls are having such fun with the crafts. Please come by and see our "mermaids," and other aquatic creations. The judges are having a very hard time choosing winners each week.

Third week winners included Derrick Rader, who picked the number of goldfish (225.)

Readers of the Week were Erika Lucero, Matthew Wells, Aryiana Rackham, Rebecca Zeller and Randi Andersen.

Coloring winners were Heather Andersen, Misha Garcia, Bradley Nerson, Raesha Ray, Becca Stephens, Ashley Iverson, Briana Bryant, Kalie Ray, Angela Gallegos and Erika Lucero.

Treasure Map winners were Tricia Lucero, Randi Andersen, Heather Andersen, Erika Lucero, Chance Adams, Aliya Haykus, Jason Young, Mark Young, Will Laverty, Wesley Laverty and Katie Laverty.

Create a Fish winners were Justin Farrell, Chance Adams, Maegan McFarland, Raesha Ray, Dustin Anderson, Julia Adams, Randi Andersen, Heather Andersen and Angie Gallegos.


Financial help came from Sid and Phyllis Martin in memory of Leda Hubert (Billie Evans White's Mother); Ray and Genelle Macht in memory of Leda Hubert, Joan Seielstad's Father, and Mary Daltroff's Granddaughter. James and Barbara Corboy donated money to buy covers for our magazines. Financial donations were also made by Hazel Neill, Betty Anderson, Gil and Lenore Bright in memory of Louis Pohlman, Elaine Heitkamp's father.

Materials came from Richard and Ann Moseley, Second Story Book Store, Molly Gipson, Marilyn Young Pruter, Sheryn Young, Amanda Breman, Clarence Tubb, Mary Lou Sprowle, Betty and Mary Miller, Genelle Macht, Addie Greer and Frances Penland.

Arts Line
By Jennifer Galesic

Car-window art display at gallery

Currently showing at the Pagosa Springs Arts Council gallery in town park are the works of Bernard Reinhardt. Bernard's work is created using oils, pastel, graphite and charcoal. His art focuses on the obscure views seen from car windows while traveling, as well as some interesting self portraits. Come by and check it out. The show will be on display through July 21.

Coming soon

The PSAC gallery is pleased to bring to you the art of Tom Holt and Donna Brooks. This wondrous exhibit will open on July 22 and continue through Aug. 4.

By the age of eight, Tom Holt realized he would make painting his life's work. He was formally educated by Alex Kershoff of the Pasadena School of Fine Arts in California. He initially studied sculpture in clay, wood, stone and bronze, then finally studied classical techniques.

Just having arrived in Colorado, Tom had lived in seclusion in the Gila Wilderness and completed a series of paintings of southwest New Mexico. Tom will continue his work in landscapes and has tremendous respect for nature.

The second artist featured will be Donna Brooks. This fascinating lady has lived a simple lifestyle in the Blanco Basin for 23 years with her husband and son. Her goal has always been to live in harmony with nature, learning the medicinal uses of plants, the habits of animals and incorporating these things in her everyday life.

All of Donna's work is made from natural products, thus never harming the earth. Her artwork includes beautifully intricate pine needle baskets, split willow deer, old-fashioned soap and leather pouches.

Be sure to join us for the opening reception of this very unique exhibit, on July 22, from 5 to 7 p.m.

In memory

Sue Weaver, an accomplished artist and dearly loved friend to many, passed away at her home in Marana, Ariz., on July 5, following a courageous battle with cancer. As a summer resident and co-owner of the Lantern Dancer gallery here in Pagosa Springs, Sue Weaver had become a much sought-after artist of Indian and western culture with national and international patrons. Her teachers were her love of the land, sheer determination and fellow artists who encouraged her unique style.

Some of the people in Sue's paintings have no faces. When asked about this Sue said, "As humans we tend to judge people by their faces. If there is no face, then you search the painting to find the true story." The following is a writing of Sue's. May all who loved and now are missing her, find solace in reading it.

"Dear Friend, Our paths travel through light and dark places, and journey onward. Let your spirit dance and sparkle in the sunlight. Crowd your life with beauty, hear the song of the wild canary and bloom in celebration."

Those wishing to, may send donations in her memory to the Pagosa Springs Arts Council.

Worth mention

The PSAC is in need of a FAX/copier combo for our gallery and gift shop at Town Park. Also wanted is a fan for those days when the gallery is quite warm. Any donation will be greatly appreciated. For more information, please call Joanne at 264-5020.

The gallery/gift shop is located just south of the stop light in Town Park. Hours are Tuesday through Saturday 11 a.m. to 5 p.m., and we would love to have you stop in soon.


Video Review
By Roy Starling

'Little Voice' is recycled 'Glass'

The reasons why people chose to settle in Archuleta County were varied. Some were lured to mountain mining towns such as Summitville and then continued over the mountains to Pagosa. Others came to the area because of the lumber industry and the railroad. Still others came here to operate businesses and provide goods and services to the settlers.

A great many of the early settlers came to homestead land, farm and raise sheep and cattle. In 1930, a column appeared in the Durango Herald-Democrat about early cattlemen in southwest Colorado. It was written by Ignacio resident H.C. Schroeder. Schroeder gave his opinion of why he felt farming and cattle raising became "the business to go into."

He wrote, "The entire country from Pagosa Springs to Cox's Crossing on the lower Animas and on to La Plata was one vast extent of grass lands; with this also lay open the chance of farming the valleys of some eight different streams, with the rare opportunity of entering the lands under the government homestead act everywhere."

Schroeder claimed the cattle industry was the favorite occupation and "for years dominated all else; it certainly spread the money and was the life of all other business."

The following names of some of the first herd owners in the area were culled from Schroeder's larger list.

"Christy Stollsteimer and Meyer Bros., range near Pagosa, 2,000 head cattle; Dyke and Freeman, Piedra, about 1,000; Charley Johnson, Pine River, 1,500 cattle, 400 horses; Grimes Bros., Pine River, 1,000; John and Jim O'Neal, Pine River 1,000; Geo. Morrison, Pine River, 1,000 head."

The largest cattle ranch, according to this article, was that of Cox and Sons on the lower Animas with over 2,500 head.

Schroeder reported that most of the cattle that came to southwest Colorado were driven in "from eastern and northern Colorado, New Mexico and Texas, the latter state perhaps supplying the greatest amount."

He went on to say that cattle prices were always low and the cow men often suffered losses. Hard winters also caused great losses when cattle died by the hundreds. "I recall Grimes Bros. had driven in 700 head in the fall from Texas, when the spring roundup came along only 200 of them were found. Tim McClure lost over 400 of native stock. Johnson, O'Neal Bros., Morrison, all were heavy losers."

Schroeder gave a comparison of beef and other grocery prices. When beef went for 5¢ a pound for the hind quarter and 3¢ a pound for the front quarter, it is easy to see how a rancher did not make much profit.

At the same time beef was going for 3 to 5¢ a pound, flour was $14 per 100 pounds, coffee 40¢ per pound, sugar 3 pounds for $1 and dried fruit 25¢ per pound.

With all the adversities facing cattlemen, we appreciate more the successful cattle ranchers of Pagosa's early days.

Saloons once town's life blood

By John M. Motter

Once upon a time, saloons were the life blood of Pagosa Springs. In many, many Rocky Mountains towns, saloon license fees provided all of the income a town needed to stay in business. Pagosa Springs was no different.

Still, as public sentiment against saloons and drinking increased in the years prior to prohibition, local citizens pushed for an increase in saloon license fees. Some thought the increased cost of doing business might chase saloons out of town. Others wanted to close the saloons and hoped higher license fees would hasten their end.

D.L. Egger, editor of the Pagosa Springs News in 1897, made the following comments concerning the anti-saloon sentiment in Pagosa Springs. It is interesting to note that, during that same year, Egger was instrumental in the erection of the first Methodist Church building in town. Egger apparently saw no contradiction between his position as a pillar of the church and supporting saloons as a means of financing town business.

In March of 1897 Egger wrote, "Some citizens are advocating a higher license fee for saloons in the town - some because they desire to drive them out of existence, and others from a selfish motive. They have probably never considered the matter from a financial standpoint. It is now six years since Pagosa Springs was incorporated and the taxpayers have never been called upon to contribute a cent towards the town government, all of the revenue derived from the licenses paid by the saloons. Without the revenue derived from saloons a levy of from ten to twenty mills would be required to meet current expenses. The News is of the opinion that no change for the better can be made from the present system in vogue."

While on the subject of saloons, it is interesting to note that a former saloon served as town hall from 1896 until 1959. On Dec. 8, 1896, in exchange for $350, Charley Schaad, "The Dutchman," sold to the town a one and one-half story building formerly used as a saloon and located on the west bank of the San Juan River and the southwest corner of Otis Park (Town Park). Schaad's 1891 saloon license diminished his working capital by $500, a fortune at that time. At one time, Schaad mortgaged his life insurance policy and home in order to raise money for the annual license.

A more workable description of the location of that saloon/town hall recognizable by people today would be the northeast corner of the intersection of San Juan and Pagosa streets. In those days, the portions of San Juan Street on the east and west sides of the river were connected by a bridge, as can be seen in one of the photographs accompanying this week's article.

Some old timers claim the building was left over from Fort Lewis. Fort Lewis in Pagosa Springs shut down in 1883, but the buildings were not removed or destroyed. A map of the Fort shows a bakery at that location. There is also evidence that the building had been erected subsequent to the removal of the Fort and passed through several hands before becoming a city possession. The most plausible scenario is that it began as a Fort building, but was subsequently modified by private owners, probably barber A.L. "Ab" Lewis. It possibly served as a barbershop and meat market before Schaad converted it to a saloon.

The first town board meeting in the new hall was held Feb. 1, 1897.

Schaad was one of those colorful, frontier characters that old timers like to talk about. After selling the old building to the town, Schaad set up a new saloon on the lower floor of a two-story building Leon Montroy built in the spring of 1897 on Pagosa Street on a lot now covered by the Pagosa Springs SUN building.

The location of Montroy's building was described as west of the drug store. We know he owned lots 19 and 20 in block 21. Which drug store remains a mystery. Dr. William Parrish, a physician, operated a Pagosa Springs drug store from 1890 or 1891 until about 1897, when he moved to Monte Vista. We're not sure of the location of his drug store. Parrish homesteaded property where the San Juan Motel is located today.

Another early drug store was operated by Dr. Hover, who homesteaded land near the old light plant south of town. By the late 1890s, Hover was fading from business. He will be remembered by Methodists as the donator of the lot on Lewis Street on which the Methodist Church stands. The drug store mentioned probably belonged to Hover.

Finally, Phidelo J. Fisher was a druggist who came to Pagosa Springs in 1894. His store was likely on the lot currently occupied by the south one-half of the Goodman building. His wife was the better-known Dr. Mary Fisher. They started the drug store called Winter and Fisher, and later, in 1902, the business partners married.

None of the doctors mentioned, incidentally, was the first doctor in town. That honor probably belongs to a J.S. Martin, who was listed on the Fort Lewis muster rolls in the late 1870s as the post surgeon. Martin's 18-year-old daughter was an early Pagosa Springs school teacher.

Pagosa Springs' elected officials in 1897 were A.J. Lewis, mayor and trustees J.S. O'Neal, E.E. Hatcher, F.W. Blake, P.A. Deller, M.A. Patrick, and Jewett Palmer. Lewis was a barber or "tonsorial artist." O'Neal was a cattle rancher, Elmer Hatcher is believed to have been a sheep and cattle rancher, F.W. Blake was a retail merchant, P.A. Deller ran a meat market, M.A. Patrick operated the Patrick House, a hotel probably located on the corner of San Juan Street and Hot Springs Blvd. where the Spa Motel is today, and Jewett Palmer was apparently a rancher who also operated a livery stable, was a blacksmith, and served a term as sheriff.

Those who believe the weather was worse in the old days would be encouraged by an item in the July 9, 1897, edition of the News. Egger wrote, "Considerable snow fell on the mountains east and north of Pagosa Springs on July 3. In fact, snow covered the foothills and on the morning of the Fourth there was a heavy frost, but owing to the dampness prevailing, not much danger was done."

Proving the old adage "the more things change, the more they stay the same," was the following February 1897 article.

"Last Saturday evening a surprise party consisting of about 60 of Pagosa's young people met at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Grimes and the entire night was spent in games and dancing. At midnight a bounteous lunch was served and each merry-maker did his share of consuming it. Excellent music was furnished by J.D. Branson and others, and after supper, not withstanding it was the beginning of the Sabbath day, the festivities were indulged in until after five o'clock in the morning, and after that it was with reluctance that the merry party dispersed. The congeniality of all present, the welcome extended by the host and the hostess, the harmonious strains of music, which would stop the laurels from a Paginini and shame the older masters, all went to make the time pass pleasantly and cause each participant to feel that he had had a most agreeable time."

Book Review
By John M. Motter

Wise's 'In the Moro' fictional account of Fremont's San Juan expedition

For readers who like frontier history mixed with their fiction, "In the Moro" is a good read. I could as easily have written, "In the Moro" is for readers who like fiction mixed with their frontier history.

In either case, "El Moro" is a mystery story with action stretching from Lake City in the San Juan Mountains of southwestern Colorado to the Taos area and the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of north central New Mexico.

Persons knowledgeable about Western history will readily recognize author Joe Wise's cannibal Alfie Packwood as the real life Alferd Packer who devoured most of the Democrats, or was it Republicans, in the Saguache County of the early 1870s. Equally recognizable as the tale unfolds is the ill-fated 1848 Col. John C. Fremont expedition guided by mountain man Old Bill Williams. Only in this novel, Fremont becomes Hawthorne and Williams becomes Bill Walker.

Thin disguises also fail to hide place names such as Henson, Colorado. Henson is the name of a creek running through Lake City and Henson is obviously Lake City. Gunther is an alias for Gunnison. The name substitutions continue through the story. Even the plot is a mutation of actual history.

In real life, John Charles Fremont was the son-in-law of Sen. Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri. Because of various exploring expeditions Fremont became known as "The Pathfinder." His national popularity was such that, running as the Republican candidate, he narrowly missed being elected president of the United States.

Fremont's "golden-boy" reputation as a pathfinder was marred by one massive failure. In the winter of 1848, he led an expedition into the San Juan Mountains against the advice of many mountain men who said the winter was the worst they had ever "membered." Fremont's purpose was to find an all-weather railroad path across the mountains, a shortened route connecting east with west.

The midwinter mountain traverse ended with the party buried in snow well above their collar buttons somewhere in the San Juans, probably the La Garita Mountains. When the expedition's final roll was called, 11 of Fremont's men froze to death, along with most of the horses and mules. Williams and Fremont escaped to Taos from where Fremont sent Williams back into the mountain for supplies. Williams was never heard from again. Tradition says he was killed by Utes and given a chief's burial.

The causes of Fremont's failure and Williams' disappearance have intrigued historians ever since. On earlier expeditions, Fremont had used Kit Carson as a guide. This time Carson was busy, so Fremont picked up Old Bill Williams from a grungy trapper settlement near today's Pueblo. Williams should have known the southern Colorado mountains as well as Carson. In addition, he had a Ute wife and was a member of that tribe. And so, what went wrong?

Some historians write that Williams led Fremont astray. Others write that the overbearing Fremont refused to follow Williams' advice. Another group puzzles over what happened to Williams. Why would the Utes kill one of their own?

Wise picks up the threads of historical debate and wonder and weaves a tale with an ultimate answer. What really caused the failure of the Fremont - er Hawthorne - expedition and whatever became of Old Bill Williams alias Bill Walker? You'll have to read Wise's novel to find the answer.

Wise lives in Santa Fe, but has traveled extensively throughout the Rocky Mountain West. He has written for a number of periodicals. His first novel, "Cannibal Plateau," was judged Best Historical Novel at the 1995 Southwest Writers Workshop. "In the Moro" is published by Western Reflections, Inc., a Ouray publishing house specializing in western Colorado history and fiction.



Sewing group

Dear Dave,

Hurrah! "Funeral" canceled. We were not "killed" after all. On behalf of the Wednesday sewing group I would like to thank the PLPOA for considering our situation and then reversing its previous decision. Thanks PLPOA board.

Bobbie Carruth

History of America

Dear David,

Thanks to all who contributed financially for our July 4 Celebration. The fireworks were awesome. John Adams (who became our second president) would have been pleased. He wrote to his wife, Abigail, on July 3, 1776: "in the history of America - I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated, by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary festival. I ought to be commemorated, as the Day of Deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to God almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations from one end of this continent to the other from this time forward forever more." It is!


Rosemary Horstman


Dear David,

As frequent visitors to your grand community, we just want to share our excitement with other residents and visitors in finding an excellent new restaurant to enhance this community's dining choices. We dined last night at Isabel's, formerly the Moose River Pub, and had a marvelous experience in dining with culinary delights and exceptionally friendly service. The food was outstanding, reasonably priced, plus a very acceptable wine list for that establishment. Special thanks to the hostess, Mare, for making this one of our most enjoyable evenings out in this area.

Congratulations, Pagosa Springs, on a great new addition.

Bruce and Evelyn Keuning

Anaheim, Calif.


Dear David,

We would like to thank those involved for allowing us to bring "Nunsense" to the community. Not only was it a wonderful experience for this fabulous cast and crew, but we know that those that attended this show went away in awe of the talent that these five gifted women exhibited. Bless you, Mary McKeehan, Joan Hageman, Kathy Isberg, Jennifer Alley and Stephanie Jones.

Also, our thanks go to the sponsors who are always so generous and make it possible to cover our up-front expenses. They are Norwest, Henry and Wilma Espoy, Roy and Betsy Gill, Shields and Mary Daltroff, Tom and Bev Evans, Bob and Jan Clinkenbeard, Jann C. Pitcher Real Estate, Mary Cloman, John and Ann Graves, Bill and Marguerite Flick, Ray and Genelle Macht, Sylvia Murray, Citizens Bank, Gene Crabtree, Windsor Chacey, Emmet Showalter, Gene Cortright, Claudia Weger, David and Bonnie Brooks, and Bill Stofft. Without a single exception, every one of these people have given to our projects time after time.

Our directors for this show, Andy Donlon and Steve Rogan, had the insight and vision to bring this together. Their commitment to a quality performance was unwavering. Thank you gentlemen.

Herman Hageman, with the help of Don Weber, has once again put us in the spotlight with his creative lighting techniques. Dennis O'Hare, Carla Krueger and Ian Adams made it possible to be heard in that wonderful facility. Sharman Alto, as choreographer, put those tapping sisters at ease with instruction and Janice Rodocker, our prop mistress, made the sisters shine with everything from "Convent Miranda" hats to BVM cookbooks. Ray Laird has been manager of set construction and Randall Davis has been set designer for six years. Words are hard to find for that kind of dedication. Also helping with set construction were Marc and Susan Hiscox and Tom Fletcher. Thank you Terry Alley for allowing us to use this beautiful state of the art auditorium. The Elkhorn Cafe even allowed us to remove three of its counter stools so that we could use them in our set. Don't you just love this town.

The musicians, under the direction of Lisa Hartley, are the greatest. Melinda Baum, Corri Patterson, Bruce Andersen, Sue Anderson and Cary Valentine put in countless hours to ensure an upbeat performance. Cary's drum solo alone, was worth the price of admission.

Not only do we enjoy bringing first-rate entertainment to our community, but we're also very proud of the fact that we can offer scholarships to Pagosa students and endow the Pagosa Springs School District. This year we are proud to award two $2,000 scholarships to Corri Patterson and Megan Backus.

The beauty of our organization is that it truly is a community organization. We are blessed with talent and commitment.

Jo Ann Laird

Director of Promotion and Publicity

Pagosa Springs Music Boosters

Dripless faucet

Dear Editor,

Has anyone in town or the surrounding area received a "Water Alert" letter from the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation Department? These letters usually request residents to conserve water, such as watering your lawn in the evening. As far as I know, no one has received this letter.

The one subdivision I know of where most of the residents have to haul their water is Aspen Springs. We were all very happy about the new pump station they installed near Pagosa Trails. It saves time and a lot of gas money, because we didn't have to drive all the way through town and back up Put Hill with our loads of water.

Last week, some turkey at the water department figured the way to conserve water was to shut down the Pagosa Trails pump station. The Aspen Springs residents who, by the way should receive a commendation for innovative water conservation, are the ones being punished.

While the other residents of the community use thousands of gallons of water to water their lawns and fill their hot tubs, the residents of Aspen Springs are hauling water to flush their toilets.

Let's be fair. If water needs to be conserved, then everyone should help.

To all the people thinking of buying property in the Pagosa area, be careful. You might end up owning a dripless faucet too!

Ann Parnell

Aspen Springs

Editor's note: A combination of daytime watering of lawns and a commercial water hauler who was extracting 2,000 gallons per load during the first of the month led to excessive demands on the filtration system and the subsequent temporary shut off of the pump station. The pump station was turned back on July 5.

Believe it

Dear Editor,

Why do liberals enshrine non-existent constitutional rights, while at the same time they trample on the real ones? Liberals especially disparage the Second Amendment to the Constitution: "A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed."

The right to keep and bear arms is number 2 for a reason. It's not number 10; it's not number 8. The framers considered it of paramount importance. It was not to make sure that people could go out and hunt Bambi.

You may not want to hear it, and you certainly may not want to believe it, because you fear in believing it that you will be identifying yourself with a kook fringe out there. But you have to understand that the reason for the Second Amendment is to make sure that the people of this country never find themselves in a situation where they were unarmed against a government prone to tyranny.

The Constitution was written for you, was written for me. It was not written for the president of the United States. The Constitution does not exist to guarantee the power of any federal office holder. The Constitution was written to "limit" their power, and to protect the freedoms and liberties of the people. Thus, the responsibility for that Constitution does not put limits on your behavior; it affirms your freedoms, and puts limits on the government's behavior. A truly radical idea for the ages. It is the only document of its kind in human history.

But education on the Constitution is woefully inept; what it is, why it is, what its true beauty and wisdom is. So few Americans today know where freedoms come from. In fact, do an experiment sometime. Go up to your friends and ask them; "Where does freedom come from?" The answer is: "God."

Freedom comes from God. But I'll bet you won't get that answer. I'll bet you'll hear credit given to the government. Liberals have been very successful in persuading Americans that government is the procurer and provider of happiness, and thus must abridge freedom.

That's why liberals are so fearful to have God mentioned in school. They want the government to be perceived as God, the government is the source of freedom, and they are its agents. Everything flows from government to the people, distributed by the elites.

I reject that out of hand. Which is why I live for the day that it can be honestly stated that liberalism as a dominant ideology is over. Now that would be a great definition of compassion: No more liberalism.

Even my friend Ron Levitan would want us to be of good cheer, for that day will come; when more people understand the United States Constitution, the secret weapon against liberalism.

Jim Sawicki

Successful Fourth

Dear David,

Independence Day in Pagosa Springs attracts more people every year. The number of visitors in town over the Fourth of July weekend was staggering but we experienced far fewer problems than expected. All in all, I think the vast majority of Fourth of July activity participants had a good time. As busy as I was, I can honestly say I had fun.

It wouldn't be much fun, however, if it weren't for the many volunteers and public servants who spent countless hours preparing for and working on the weekend events. I don't even know all the names. I do, however, want to thank the helpful representatives from the Red Ryder Rodeo Committee; the Colorado Mounted Rangers; the Rotary Club; the chamber of commerce; Bob Snow's fireworks crew; the Pagosa Lodge; the Pagosa Fire Protection District; the Pagosa Lakes Department of Public Safety; the Colorado State Patrol; the Archuleta County Communication Center; the Archuleta County Sheriff's Department, especially the reserves who volunteered with the parade traffic control; the Town Parks and Recreation Department; the Town Street Department; and of course, God bless you and our town.


Donald D. Volger

Chief, Pagosa Springs Police Department

Honoring the flag

Dear David,

On behalf of the American Legion, we appreciated all the people who stood up and saluted or honored the American flag when it passed by during the third of July parade (we wished it could have been 100 percent of the people).

Thousands and thousands of military personnel died in many wars over the years in order to protect the freedom of our wonderful country. Please respect our beautiful flag.

Proud to be an American.

Ron Gustafson

American Legion Post 108


E mail
Teen drivers

Dear Editor,

While I support the Colorado Legislature's intentions to improve the safety record of new, teen drivers, I do question the feasibility of the proposal that requires a state-approved drivers' class.

There is no "drivers ed" course offered at the high school in Pagosa Springs.

However, there is a course, out of Durango, that costs $200. And, I did check with our insurance company to see what the effect would be on our insurance premiums. Basically, it would take three years to recoup the cost of the drivers' class; not my idea of "cost effective."

Seems to me that our lawmakers need to apply themselves and do a bit more homework.


C. Lyn Frank

Editor's note: With the adoption of the recent legislation, according to the local licensing office, a private individual is offering certified driver education classes in Pagosa Springs.

Dear Editor,

Busy roads

I am a land owner in Pagosa Springs currently living in New Mexico. I had a wonderful visit there during the Fourth of July weekend. My entire family was able to see the parade, visit the carnival and craft booths and watch the fireworks display. What a wonderful job everyone did.

I realize that Pagosa Springs is a rapidly growing community and am looking forward to being able to move there full time someday. What I found to be an area of great concern during my visit was the lack of stop lights near Fairfield Pagosa along U.S. 160. It was extremely difficult to pull out of the shopping area due to the speed at which traffic flows and due to limited visibility at some points. This area is a serious danger to all driving there.

It was in this area that I was also unfortunate enough to witness the horrible demise of a family of baby ducks with their mother who were trying to cross this busy highway and head for the lake. It was a horrible sight for my entire family to witness. I'm sure this is not the first animal killed trying to get to the lake, nor will it be the last. I wonder if anyone has any solutions to help the animals who try to cross this busy road. I'm sure other communities have had to cope with this issue. Perhaps a small tunnel under the highway and some fencing to funnel wildlife towards the tunnel. I cringe at the thought of a person trying to cross the highway in this area.

As this wonderful area of Pagosa Springs continues to grow, let's not forget the safety of the humans and the wildlife who must all live here together.


Staci Lawrence

Rio Rancho, NM

Visit to Pagosa

Dear Friends,

What joy it was being in Pagosa again. It was great getting to see so many friends and experience the wonderful activities surrounding the Fourth of July. Pagosa is still the best place on earth.

Special thanks to the Rev. Anne Ryder and the people of St. Patrick's for their gracious welcome. May God continue to shower blessings upon your special community. See you next summer.

Clark and Jamie Sherman


Engagement Steed/Brueckner

Mr. and Mrs. Allen Steed of Pagosa Springs announce the betrothal and approaching marriage of their daughter, Sarah Christine, to Mr. Doyle Scott Brueckner, son of Mr. and Mrs. Darrell Brueckner also of Pagosa Springs.

The couple plan an early fall wedding after which they will reside in Pagosa.


Wedding Lewis/Machado

Mrs. Terry Lynn Shumaker is proud to announce the marriage of her daughter, Sheryl Lewis to Edward Machado of Boston, Mass.

The couple were wed in Denver on June 5 at the Church of the Risen Christ. Sheryl is employed at Denver's KWGN WB2 Television station as a news reporter and Edward is a mortgage broker in Denver.

The couple reside in Elizabeth, near Denver.


Seth Paul

See front page.


Donna Gallavan

See front page.


Timothy Crouse

See front page.


Dillon Michael Weber

Andy and Gale Weber are proud to announce the birth of their son, Dillon Michael. He was born on Thursday, June 17, 1999, at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. He weighed 8 pounds, 3.1 ounces and was 19 1/2-inches long.

Dillon is welcomed home by his big brother Blake. Maternal grandparents are Bill and Linda Schoonover and paternal grandparents are Don and Kathy Weber, all of Pagosa Springs.


Weather Stats


















































Monsoon season here

By John M. Motter

It's that time of year in Pagosa Country referred to by weathermen as the "monsoon season."

"We like to use the term," said forecaster Gary Chancey of the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction. "It's not the same as a monsoon in India when they get as much rain in a day as we get in a year. It is a time when we, in western Colorado, get more moisture than at other times of the year."

Monsoon conditions are predicted for today and through the coming weekend by Chancey. The amount of moisture today will probably be less than it was yesterday and last night, but there is still "a 40 percent chance of afternoon and evening showers and thunderstorms today. The chances for afternoon showers decrease somewhat Friday through Sunday, but scattered thunderstorms are still likely."

Afternoon temperatures should range from the mid- to high 80s with a chance of breaking the 90 degree mark. During the night, temperatures should cool to a more welcome 50-something degree lows.

The monsoon conditions are caused by an abundance of moisture over Mexico coupled with high pressure over Texas, according to Chancey. When the high pressure area drifts north into southern Utah and Colorado, the moisture from Mexico is pulled into those areas and rain is the result. At the same time, disturbances moving from the Pacific Northwest across Wyoming and Montana tend to push the Four Corners high pressure area back to the south. The result is a north-south, yo-yo like movement of the rain following about a 36-hour cycle.

"This pattern of cyclic afternoon thunderstorms and showers should last through the end of August," Chancey said.

Pagosa Country has received 0.67 inches of rain through July 13. The long time July average rainfall is 1.63 inches. The long time average August rainfall is 2.52 inches, the wettest month of the year. October is the next wettest month with 2.03 inches of precipitation. The October total includes an average of 2.9 inches of snow.

During June of this year, Pagosa Country received 0.52 inches of rain, considerably less than the long time average of 0.91 inches. The thermometer has not climbed above 90 degrees so far this year.

Weather conditions for the Pagosa Springs area have been measured in town since 1938, with a few gaps. The Pagosa data, together with other Colorado weather data filed by locality, is maintained by the Colorado Climate Center, Atmospheric Science Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins. The local measurement station recently moved from downtown Pagosa Springs to Stevens Field.