July 1, 1999
Front Page

July 1, 1999

Environmentalists may protest Wolf Creek Ski Area expansion

By John M. Motter

Forest Guardians, a Santa Fe organization which claims 3,000 members, 800 business members, and a full-time staff of five, is likely to appeal the U.S. Forest Service's latest approval of a proposed expansion project at Wolf Creek Ski Area.

After months of review by a variety of concerned agencies, the Forest Service approved the environmental assessment for the project June 14. A 45-day appeals period follows the certified public announcement June 15 that the Forest Service had approved the environmental assessment, in essence the project.

If Forest Guardians appeals, the appeal must be filed within the 45-day period.

"We are considering appealing," said Sam Hitt, president of Forest Guardians. "We are particularly concerned with any developments located on the headwaters of major drainages in the Four Corners states."

The Forest Service analysis does not adequately address impacts the proposed expansion may have on a private in-holding area adjacent to the ski area, according to Hitt. The ski area is all located on Forest Service land.

"It's logical to presume that the owners of the ski area will ultimately develop that private land," Hitt said. "The Forest Service needs to look at the relationship between the proposed expansion and the private land."

A second concern voiced by Hitt revolves around the recent reintroduction of lynx into the southern San Juan Mountains.

"We know that during the winter lynx need those high mountain bowls for survival," Hitt said. "If these lynx do reestablish themselves, they'll need all of the habitat they can get. The ski area contains valuable habitat."

The in-holdings Hitt is talking about are referred to as "The Village" development in the environmental assessment. The Forest Service approved a land trade in 1986 with Leavell-Combs Joint Venture Inc. granting an area of 290 acres for potential private land development within the permitted Wolf Creek Ski Area boundary in trade for several private enclave land parcels elsewhere on the national forest.

According to the environmental assessment, excepting the existing Forest Development Road 391 that runs through the private land to Alberta Lake, there is no infrastructure on-site that could support any development at this time. With about 17 percent of the private land mapped as wetland according to the Army Corps of Engineers, any development would require extensive planning, funding, and permitting before ground could be broken. The Mineral County land use planner has given the go-ahead for the developer to formulate and submit a planned unit development with 54 stipulations to be met. At this time, there is no certainty of development of the property.

Concerning the lynx, the environmental assessment assumes that, because the existing and already permitted area is heavily used during winter months, lynx will avoid the place. The proposed expansion is on land already permitted and used for downhill or cross country skiing.

Wolf Creek Ski Area officials are proposing to add a ski lift on Alberta Face and to establish ski runs in 40 nearby acres, develop two additional parking lots, and construct roads to access the new parking lots.


Rodeos big part of Pagosa history

By John M. Motter

Fans taking in the 50th Red Ryder Roundup will witness a pageant of grins, grunts and groans as old as Pagosa Country. Pagosa Country was, and is, cowboy country.

In the beginning, there were no fences and cattle pretty much roamed at will. Consequently, a fall roundup was needed to gather the cattle, divide them among the proper owners and sell enough to cover a year's expenses. The money from an unbranded maverick could end up in anybody's pocket, so the range bosses took special pains to get a brand on every animal every spring.

Branding time was a rodeo all by itself, especially in the days before squeeze chutes. Typically, an open fire was built on the open range and the irons heated in the fire. Mounted cowboys cut a critter to be branded out of the herd, roped and threw the bawling beast on the ground, sizzled the tender hide with the owner's monogram, did the ear cutting and other obligations, then turned the branded critter loose and went after the next animal. Skills learned while herding, rounding up and branding cattle, and breaking horses were all foundational to today's rodeo.

Almost from the beginning of Pagosa Country, Fourth of July was celebrated in town. During the very early days, soldiers from Fort Lewis fired cannons, community leaders in top hats bored people with long, patriotic declamations in town park, and Utes, Apaches, and Navajos pitched tipis and tents near the Great Pagosa Hot Spring. Cash registers in the town's bars rang at a merry pace and cards shuffled and dipped through three-card Molly in the gambling rooms in back.

A favorite activity was horse racing near what is now Hot Springs Boulevard. Each tribe and each ranch entered a favorite horse, often in match races. Before the dust cleared, most of the betting money had left town, but not before moving from pocket to pocket.

Later, during the late 1920s, the 1930s, and the 1940s, rodeo events moved to town, located down 8th Street near today's senior center. Pickups backed up in a ring to create an arena. Local ranchers such as Pet Crowley or one of the Macht brothers supplied stock. Then the cowboys went to work. Pagosa Country was still cattle country and big ranches filled every river valley. Each rancher had a favorite cowboy and they all showed up in Pagosa Springs July 4 to see who had the most glue in his jeans. Often, an all-around cowboy was chosen. Some of those cowboys still live in Pagosa Country.

Following WW II, Pagosa Springs grew more sophisticated, along with the rest of the nation. In 1949, Leon Montroy donated 40 acres of land to be used for a rodeo grounds and county fair. By that time, Fred Harman's creation, Red Ryder, was known all over the world through comic books, Saturday afternoon matinees, and other promotions. Harman had worked as a Pagosa Country cowboy himself. Hero Red Ryder was modeled after Fred Flaugh, another Pagosa Country cowboy, and many of Harman's characters were thinly disguised caricatures of local folks.

In any case, Harman and Steve Slesinger, the agent who sold Red Ryder to the nation, joined with local folks to create the Red Ryder Roundup in 1949. Harman and Slesinger donated a $100 prize for that first all-around cowboy, Ken Ferrell of Alamosa. Harman was the first grand marshal and Jacqueline Eaklor the first rodeo queen.

In the beginning, the Fourth of July blowout served as a rallying point for local citizens and cowboys, sort of a continuation of the past. As time went by, however, the event's reputation spread across the west and purses grew. Cowboys and professional rodeo hands came from everywhere to test Buster Webb stock and Red Ryder Arena dirt.

Today's rodeo, after 50 years, spreads across three days and features almost every popular rodeo event from brahma bull riding to steer throwing to calf roping. Few local ranch hands enter the events. Most of the contestants are professional cowboys, fresh from college rodeo teams intent on lassoing a paycheck and hustling down the highway to the next rodeo.

Still, when the last speck of dust drifts down to arena floor, when the sun's last rays disappear from the top of Nipple Mountain, when the country bands strike up the Texas two-step across town, when the 50th Red Ryder celebration is over, it will mark just one more giant boot step in the pageant of Pagosa Country history. Pagosa Country is still cowboy country, podnah.


50th Red Ryder Roundup highlights this year's Fourth of July festivities

By Karl Isberg

Fourth of July holiday events in Pagosa Country will take place over four days, with activities each day for residents and visitors alike.

The premiere event of the holiday is the 50th anniversary of the Red Ryder Roundup Rodeo, at the Red Ryder Arena. The Red Ryder is a classic rodeo, cherished by its many fans as a classic example of the great western rodeo tradition.

Action at the Red Ryder Roundup begins at 2 p.m. on July 3, continues at 4 p.m. on July 4 and finishes up with a 1 p.m. performance on July 5.

The Park to Park arts and crafts festival opens at noon on July 2. This annual festival features vendors offering a wide array of arts and crafts, with more than 80 booths located in Town Park and in Centennial Park, behind the Archuleta County Courthouse. Food vendors will also have booths at both park locations.

The two parks are connected by the Riverwalk, making access to each venue a matter of an easy stroll. Park to Park is open from noon to 6 p.m. on July 2; from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. on July 3; and from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on July 4.

There will be special musical entertainment provided at Centennial Park on July 4. Ian Weestra entertains from noon to 1 p.m.; Rico and Cotton take the stage from 1 p.m. to 2 p.m.; and a local band "One Way" plays from 2:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.

What would the Fourth of July be without the prototypical small-town parade?

Pagosa has one of the best parades in the Four Corners, sponsored by the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club. This year's parade theme is "Honor the Past. . .Imagine the Future." Parade Grand Marshal will be Fred Harman III, son of Fred Harman, Pagosa resident and creator of the famed Red Ryder cartoon character.

The parade kicks off at 8th Street and U.S. 160 at 10 a.m. and wends its way through the downtown area on San Juan and Pagosa Streets, ending at 2nd and Hermosa streets.

Fireworks at the Pagosa Lodge end the celebration on July 4, following a concert by two of Pagosa's favorite musical groups.

The "Red, White, and Bluegrass" concert begins behind the Pagosa Lodge at 6:30 p.m. and features Badly Bent and the Pagosa Hot Strings. Food and drink will be available for purchase at the site or concert goers can bring their own picnic.

Fireworks will be shot off over Piñon Lake next to the Lodge at dusk. The fireworks display is sponsored by the Town of Pagosa Springs, Fairfield Communities Inc., the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association and the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District.

Parking at the Lodge on July 4 is reserved for hotel guests. Public parking is available nearby.

Lots at the Fairfield Pagosa sales and activities buildings are available, as are lots at Citizens Bank and the retail mall on the west side of Talisman Drive. The back lot and the east side of the front lot at Country Center City Market will be open for parking as will lots at Norwest Bank on Village Drive and at the Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center on Park Avenue. Anyone parking on Davis Cup Drive is asked to leave their car on the west side of the street only. Motorists parking in designated lots are asked to respect the property of business owners allowing use of the lots during the event.

The final traditional Independence holiday event in Pagosa is the carnival, in full swing on the football field across Hermosa Street from Town Park. The carnival will be in operation throughout the holiday period.


Wood pleads guily to tire slashing

By Karl Isberg

Following a June 28 guilty plea to a charge of felony criminal mischief, Shaun Alan Wood, 30, of Pagosa Springs was scheduled to be sentenced for his part in a tire slashing incident that occurred in the downtown area on Dec. 20, 1998.

Wood's plea followed an investigation in which he was linked by local law enforcement authorities to three incidents of vandalism in the downtown area.

Wood was arrested on Jan. 15 by district attorney investigator Pete Gonzalez and Archuleta County Undersheriff Russell Hebert pursuant to a warrant issued by Pagosa Springs Police Chief Don Volger. The warrant, drawn up following a multi-agency effort, listed two charges: Class 3 felony criminal mischief and Class 4 felony criminal mischief.

Charges listed in the warrant stemmed from two incidents of vandalism other than the tire slashing.

The first incident occurred on Dec. 4, 1998, when telephone company equipment located in the alley in the 100 and 200 blocks of Hermosa Street was destroyed. The vandalism included damage to bundles of wires in phone company boxes. At least seven phone lines on buildings in the vicinity were cut. Volger's affidavit for the arrest warrant listed repair charges at $20,000.

A second act of vandalism took place downtown on Jan. 10, 1999, when vehicles and windows in the vicinity of the alley between the 400 blocks of Pagosa and Lewis streets were damaged. Seven windows at the Pagosa Springs Intermediate School building in the 300 block of Lewis Street were broken. A residence and vehicle at the corner of Lewis and 3rd streets were also involved in the destructive activity. Volger estimated the cost of the damage at $10,000.

A third charge was soon added to Wood's list.

Following review of the case by members of the district attorney's office, and prior to formal charges being filed at a hearing before Archuleta County Court Judge Jim Denvir, a charge of Class 3 felony criminal mischief was developed. That additional charge related to the tire slashing incident.

Wood was accused of puncturing tires on 92 vehicles in downtown Pagosa Springs on Dec. 20, 1998. Most of the vehicles were in parking lots of motels located on Hot Springs Boulevard, while several others were parked on San Juan Street, east of Hot Springs Boulevard. At least one car was marred with graffiti and damage was done to trees and lights at Town Park. Total cost for the spree was estimated at over $46,000.

Wood was scheduled to go to trial before 6th Judicial District Court Judge Greg Lyman at Pagosa Springs on June 28. The trial process had proceeded through the jury selection phase when Wood unexpectedly agreed to plead guilty. In return for his guilty plea to the tire slashing charge, the other two charges were dismissed.

According to Volger, the Class 3 felony conviction carries a maximum sentence of 12 years in prison. The chief said one stipulation of Wood's plea was that any jail time will be served in a community corrections facility (such as Hilltop, in Durango) rather than in a Colorado State Department of Corrections prison. Volger said Wood will also be required to pay restitution relating to all three incidents.

Lyman will determine the exact sentence during a district court hearing at Durango on Aug. 12.


Teen run over by truck; driver cited

By Karl Isberg

A freak early-morning accident on June 19 injured a local youngster and resulted in a citation being issued to a teenage motorist.

Robert L. Regester, 16, was injured when he was run over by a truck driven by a 16-year-old Archuleta County driver.

According to a Colorado State Patrol report filed by Trooper Nick Rivera, the accident occurred at approximately 1 a.m. on Forest Service Road 922, near Fawn Gulch Road east of Pagosa Springs.

Rivera's report stated that Regester was in a sleeping bag near a fire pit built next to the road. According to Rivera, the juvenile motorist backed his 1987 Ford pickup truck then pulled forward, running over Regester's midsection with both right-side wheels. The driver, reported Rivera, continued on to his residence.

According to Mike Patterson, of Upper San Juan Emergency Medical Services, Regester remained at the campsite through the remainder of the night. A call was placed to EMS later in the morning indicating Regester was being transported to Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center by a friend. The youngster was taken from the clinic to Mercy Medical Center at Durango by ambulance.

According to a Mercy spokesman, Regester was treated for "blunt abdominal trauma" and released on June 22.

The unidentified teenage driver of the truck was cited by the Colorado State Patrol for driving with ability impaired by alcohol.


Bus service begins in Pagosa Tuesday

By John M. Motter

A 16-passenger white bus will begin making its public transit rounds through Pagosa Springs and the neighboring communities at 6:30 a.m. on Tuesday, July 6.

Operating under the direction of Archuleta County Social Services, Archuleta County Senior Citizens and the Archuleta County commissioners, the bus provides service for all citizens of the county. Seven 1 1/2 hour runs will be made each day with 12 stops.

Run 1 starts at the Ampride Station at 1st Street at 6:30 a.m. In succession, the bus proceeds to Archuleta Housing at 6th Street at 6:35 a.m., Rio Grande Savings & Loan at 6:40 a.m., Pagosa Springs City Market at 6:45 a.m., Lakeview Estates Apartments at 6:50 a.m., Vista Boulevard mailboxes at 6:55 a.m., Turkey Springs Trading Post at 7:05 a.m., Aspen Springs Realty at 7:10 a.m., Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center at 7:20 a.m., Country Center City Market at 7:25 a.m., Durango and 7th streets at 7:35 a.m. and the county courthouse at 7:40 a.m. Stop sites will have signs displayed and when possible, marked curbs.

Run 2 starts at the Ampride Station at 1st Street at 8 a.m., Run 3 at 9:30 a.m., Run 4 at 11 a.m., Run 5 at 12:30 p.m., Run 6 at 2 p.m. and Run 7 at 3:30 p.m. Each run is identical so that the bus shows up at each stop seven times a day, with an interval of 1 1/2 hours between runs.

An additional bus driver is needed, according to transportation coordinator Cindy Archuleta. Any questions concerning the bus services should be directed to Archuleta at 264-2167. Schedules are available at the Senior Citizens Center, in the county commissioners office and the social services department in the county courthouse.

A future contest is planned to choose a logo for the transit system.


Obituary identifies Treasure Falls victim

By Karl Isberg

While Mineral County authorities confirm they have identified the woman whose body was found in a pool at the base of Treasure Falls on June 20, they said Wednesday it will be "a few days" before the identity is released by the Mineral County Sheriff Department.

Despite the pace at which the Mineral County authorities are moving, an obituary printed elsewhere in this edition of the SUN corroborates the fact the victim was Christine Douglas, a resident of Pagosa Springs since 1996.

A tourist discovered Douglas at Treasure Falls on June 20 and, since the popular tourist attraction on the west side of Wolf Creek Pass is in Mineral County, Sheriff Phil Leggit was notified and began an investigation.

Leggit reported that the woman's clothing was found near the top of the falls and that a car suspected of belonging to Douglas was discovered in the parking lot next to U.S. 160 near the base of the falls. While Leggit was certain the woman plummeted from the top of the falls to the pool below, he refused to speculate on what had happened to the victim or why.

Douglas was transported to Colorado Springs where an autopsy was conducted by members of the El Paso County Coroner's Office.

Inside The Sun

Couple hits jackpot with Harman sketches

By Roy Starling

It's every garage saler's dream.

About 10 or 12 years ago, a couple (who wish to remain anonymous) attended an auction somewhere in Colorado and bought a box full of "stuff" for about eight to ten dollars.

In the box was a big pile of sketches, but the couple had no idea who drew them. Later, their son visited them and said he thought they were done by Fred Harman.

About a month ago, this couple stopped by Rosie and Jerry Zepnick's Lantern Dancer Gallery in the River Center. "The gentleman was looking at some Charles Russell prints," Jerry Zepnick said. "He came up and asked me if I knew anything about early Western art.

"Then he said he had some sketches by Fred Harman and wanted to know if they were originals. He showed me one, and I said, yes, that's an original all right. Then he opened a folder and showed me about three dozen more. I couldn't believe it. Then he told me had more than that out in the car."

It turns out the couple had stumbled onto a total of 87 Harman originals.

"This could be the biggest art find in the history of American West art history," Zepnick said. "Harman is right up there with Frederic Remington and Charles Russell. There are Harman art collectors all over the world."

How much does he think those collectors would be willing to pay? Much more than the "eight or ten dollars" paid by the current owners.

"It's really hard to estimate," Zepnick said. "I'd guess they were at least worth $100,000. I'm acting now as an agent for the owners, and I'm in the process of trying to find out exactly how much these things are worth. I've already had calls from Christie's and Sotheby's, so I'm hoping to know something soon."

Zepnick said the original sketches are "locked away in a bank vault, but I have photocopies here at the gallery if people would like to take a look at them."

Zepnick believes the sketches were all done between 1931 and 1936. "A lot of these," he said, "were done before he did the 'Red Ryder and Little Beaver' series. There's one, drawn in 1931, that I believe to be the first drawing of Little Beaver."

Fred Harman III, son of the artist, said his father had a strip called "Bronc Peeler" that began in 1934, but the name was changed to "Red Ryder" in '38. "The series ran in newspapers until 1964," he said. The series appeared in over 700 newspapers with approximately 40 million readers. Harman lived in Pagosa most of the time he was working on the strip.

Many of the sketches, Zepnick said, later showed up in Harman's famous oil paintings of the '50s and '60s. "The Squatter" (displayed at the Harman Museum) and "The Holdup" are in this collection. "As far as I know," he said, "this collection also includes the only drawings he did that included automobiles."

Zepnick, originally from Columbia, Mo., has been in Pagosa Springs for 10 years and has owned the Lantern Dancer Gallery for the last six.


Building permits same number as last year

By John M. Motter

The number of permits issued by the Archuleta County Building Department through May 31, 1999 is 197, the same number the department issued through May 31 of 1998.

Only 96 house permits have been issued this year, down from the 107 house permits issued by May 31 last year. Also down are the number of commercial permits issued this year. So far, only five commercial permits have been issued. By the end of May last year, 14 commercial permits had been issued.

"Other permits," a miscellaneous category that includes major house renovations, totals 66 so far this year, considerably more than the 48 "other permits" issued through May 31 of last year. The number of mobile home permits is relatively constant, 30 permits issued this year, compared with 28 permits issued by this time last year.

A record 536 permits were issued by the department last year. Included in that number were 258 house permits, 147 other permits, 84 mobile home permits, 35 commercial permits and 12 timeshare permits.

Ground breaking on a "first of its kind" venture in Pagosa Springs took place last week for the Ridgeview Outlet Mall being developed by Bill Chenoweth of Oklahoma City. Chenoweth is a civil engineer soon to retire as director of operations for the Oklahoma Health Science Center at the University of Oklahoma.

Phase I of the project calls for erection of a 36,000-square-foot retail outlet center at a cost of about $2.5 million. The proposed mall is located north of U.S. 160, between Bastille Drive and Navajo Trail Drive in a north-south direction and Seminole Drive and Vista Boulevard in an east-west direction.

"We're attracting vendors of national brand merchandise," Chenoweth said. "We originally anticipated 23 stores, but some vendors are asking for more space so it will probably work out to be about 15 stores."

The go-ahead threshold of having at least 70 percent of the space leased has been surpassed, according to Chenoweth, by more than that number who have signed letters of intent.

"So far, we've obtained responses from clothing, shoes, women's accessories, cards and gifts, all representing national brands," Chenoweth said. "We're getting some local interest, but we're trying not to drain the local business community."

Chenoweth sees the through traffic along U.S. 160 and the growing number of timeshare residents in the area as a sufficient market to support the endeavor. He also envisions people within a 100-mile radius as a viable market.

"I'm not here to turn anyone out," Chenoweth said. "I want to create new trade for the area."

Chenoweth anticipates developing Phases II and III on adjacent property when Phase I is completed. When completed, Phase I will employ from 50 to 80 local people, Chenoweth said.


Weather makes fireworks risky

By Karl Isberg

With a long holiday weekend ahead, local authorities are expecting the Fourth of July spirit to cause some celebrants to forget there are regulations prohibiting the use of fireworks, and stiff penalties for those who are caught violating the laws.

Aside from worries about the well-known threat to life and limb posed by fireworks, many local authorities are concerned that recent weather conditions in Archuleta County have produced a situation where dry grasses and trees combined with the use of illegal fireworks could produce disastrous results.

U.S. Forest Service Law Enforcement Agent Roger Newton noted that heavy rains in the late spring were followed by hot and windy weather. It is a situation, said Newton, ideal for wildfire in the forests.

One way of preventing those wildfires, said Newton, is to remind people there are no fireworks, of any kind, allowed on National Forest land.

"It is against the law to use or to possess fireworks of any type on the National Forest," said Newton. "If you've got them, we take them." A citation will follow the confiscation of the fireworks or the apprehension of anyone using fireworks in the forest.

According to Newton, conditions in the local forest are ideal for a problem fire. "With the late rains we had," he said, "the grass really took off. With the continuous winds and warm weather, those grasses have started to cure out. People need to be very careful with campfires. You need proper clearance around the fire and the fires need to be completely extinguished."

Newton also reminded users of the San Juan National Forest that internal combustion engines such as those on chain saws and motorcycles must be equipped with spark arresters when they are used on forest land. "Those kind of machines throw out carbon particles at a temperature of more than 2500 degrees," said Newton, "basically hunks of molten metal that can easily start fires. Spark arresters prevent the discharge of these particles."

Pagosa Fire Protection District Fire Chief Warren Grams said fireworks are a major concern for him and members of his department this holiday weekend.

"Fire danger is high," said Grams. "Any fireworks that explode or leave the ground, like firecrackers or bottle rockets, are illegal in Colorado and can cause a serious fire." Grams said items such as sparklers, cone fountains of less than 50 grams weight, snakes and ground spinners are legal in Colorado but added that even these items should be used with care this holiday.

When illegal fireworks are used, officers of the Pagosa Springs Police Department and deputies of the Archuleta County Sheriff Department are instructed to cite offenders.

"Fireworks are illegal within town limits," said Pagosa Springs Police Chief Don Volger. "We will write citations and offenders will have to appear before our Municipal Court. If convicted, an offender faces a fine of up to $1,000 and as much as one year in jail."

The same consequences could await anyone cited for use of illegal fireworks in unincorporated Archuleta County. According to Sheriff Tom Richards, "offenders will be cited into Archuleta County Court. We are certainly going to watch for offenders this weekend."


Good way to help young people

By Roy Starling

What if you were pretty sure you could help a young person be 46 percent less likely to start using drugs and 27 percent less likely to start drinking? How about one-third less likely to hit someone?

A program outcome evaluation conducted by a national research firm suggests this is the kind of impact a mentor, or "Big," can have on a young person in the Big Brothers/Big Sisters of America program.

"Volunteers in the program should know that they will make a difference," said Marie Cook, coordinator for Archuleta County's BB/BS program.

Cook is hoping to have "a large pool of 'Big' volunteers waiting when school starts," because at that point the program will be getting more referrals for "Littles." "We've already had a few men call, and that's great," Cook said. "And there will be plenty of kids. We don't have to advertise for them."

Cook said her goal is to have 20 matches made by the end of this year.

What should someone volunteering for BB/BS expect?

"We ask volunteers for a year commitment," Cook said. "It averages out to six to 10 hours a month. The best scenario is weekly visits, because the best results come from consistency. We know, of course, that many Pagosans work a lot, so we'll try to work around their work schedules."

Margaret Gray, executive director of BB/BS in La Plata County, said mentors could take their "Littles" with them on "normal, everyday activities such as walking the dog or shopping for groceries. The most important element is the one-to-one contact."

Cook agreed, adding, "Mentors don't have to take the kids out to the movies or to dinner. There shouldn't be a lot of out-of-pocket expense for them."

" 'Bigs' can get as much out of this as the kids do, while at the same time providing a benefit our children really need - a positive role model in their lives," Gray said.

Cook said anyone interested in becoming a Big Brother or Big Sister can give her a call at 264-5077. The next step is a brief orientation followed by an application process that includes background checks for safety and security purposes.

"We carefully match volunteers with children," Cook said. "To make sure a child's needs are met with the specific talents of the volunteer, we spend a lot of time on this. We want the matches to be long lasting with a positive influence for both the 'Big' and the 'Little.' "

Cook said the average match is "around two and a half years, but we have had one last nine years."

The ideal BB/BS volunteer is "a mature, responsible adult, 19 years old or older," Gray said. "Senior volunteers would be excellent for this program. We have a valuable resource in the retired people in the community, and we'd like to tap into that."

The "Littles" tend to be youngsters ranging in age from 6 to 17 who have experienced the loss of a father or mother through divorce, death or other reasons, and now live in a single-parent home or with a guardian. There is no charge for a child to participate in BB/BS.

BB/BS has recently been "adopted" by the City Market Cares program. "If you sign up for this program," Cook said, "City Market will donate a percentage of each purchase you make to BB/BS. No extra money comes out of the customer's pocket. Contributions through City Market will directly benefit Archuleta County's program."

There will soon be sign-up tables for the program at the entrances of Pagosa's two City Markets, Cook said. "But people who want to go ahead and get started on it can call me," she said.

On Aug. 28, the program will host the second annual River Raft Race to raise funds for BB/BS. "We'll be asking individuals and businesses to help sponsor this race," Cook said.


Revisiting the reason

On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted the final draft of "The unanimous Declaration of Independence." In time, 56 members of the Congress signed the document which opened with the introduction: When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the Political Bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the Earth, the separate and equal Station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the Separation.

We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness - That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its Foundation on such Principles, and organizing its Powers in such Form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient Causes; and accordingly all Experience hath shewn, that Mankind are more disposed to suffer, while Evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the Forms to which they are accustomed.

But when a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a Design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future Security. Such has been the patient Sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the Necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The History of the present King of Great Britain is a History of repeated Injuries and Usurpations, all having in direct Object the Establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid World. . . .

The Declaration of Independence then lists 27 specific indictments to explain the reasoning of the Continental Congress.

It concludes by stating: We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the Rectitude of our Intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly Publish and Declare, that these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be, Free and Independent States; that they are absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political Connection between them and the State of Great-Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm Reliance on the Protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.

Today, it is the reason for our parades, celebrations and freedom. David C. Mitchell


Dear Folks
By David C. Mitchell

I'm late closing the barn door

Dear Folks,

I drove to Cortez Tuesday to pick up some materials at the Cortez Sentinel.

I find it to be a rather enjoyable drive. Even with the increased summer traffic, it only takes about four hours for the round trip.

The only draw back is that I was away from my desk, computer and phone last week. By Tuesday I was still struggling at getting my mind totally on what I was doing.

Usually when I drive to Durango or Cortez I'm looking for geese, turkeys, hawks or other wildlife along the way.

A few months back I saw a goat nursing on a mare in a pasture of horses just west of Dry Creek. But Tuesday, I was barely past Pfeiffer Park when I realized I was going to have to work hard at concentrating on the job at hand and nothing else.

This fact really hit home early yesterday evening when I realized I still had a partially shot roll of film in my camera. This realization explained why I had not seen a negative with some photos of Cord Ross and his brother, Tyrel, removing the old roofing from the bleacher section of the Red Ryder Rodeo arena.

Cord and Tyrel along with their brothers Cord and Coy, and their good friend Michael Voorhis, were completing a much-needed refurbishing job on the well-worn grandstands.

Cord and Tyrel committed themselves to the project as one of the final requirements in earning their Boy Scout Eagle Badges.

With the assistance of friends, family members, local businesses and the Red Ryder Rodeo Committee, the Ross boys have replaced old boards on the aisles, railings, steps, rafters and seating areas. They've also powered-washed the grandstands and given them a new coat of paint.

Tuesday morning they were removing the old corrugated tin roofing prior to replacing it with aluminum panels. Naturally the color of the new roofing was a bright red.

Along with needed materials, local contractors volunteered their time or the use of their power equipment towards the completion of the project.

Somewhat like closing the barn door after the cows are out, I hope to have a photo of the Ross brothers and their friends atop the old roof in next week's SUN.

I hope that somewhere along their scouting trail they have learned to be tolerant of forgetful old folks.

By next week I hope to have my mind back on my responsibilities. Still, I think I'll use a telephoto lens to shoot the bull riding events this year. I'm not sure if I'm ready to trust myself in the arena near the gates to the bucking chutes. It's one of those places where if you don't stay awake, you might not wake up.

Know you are loved and please keep us in your prayers. David

By Shari Pierce

The importance of passing legacies on

Due to an interesting series of circumstances, I had the pleasure of having lunch with Mr. Breck Glascock last week. Mr. Glascock has been a regular visitor for many years to what he correctly refers to as "God's country," but it was the first time I had the opportunity to meet him.

Knowing that Mr. Glascock has some interest in local history, I was looking forward to a few tidbits of history to use in a story for this column. Pleasantly, the conversation turned in a different direction.

Mr. Glascock quizzed me on my choice of "Legacies" as the title for this column. When choosing a name back in 1985, I chose Legacies because it allowed me to pass on factual history to readers, but also it allowed me the freedom to pass on memories, feelings and stories from old-timers to readers. Having a granddad who will talk your ear off, I was very aware that there are many stories to be told and that these stories are interesting and important.

Mr. Glascock reminded me of the importance of passing legacies on - that is, after all, what they are for. It is our responsibility to preserve what has been given to us in order to be able to pass on our legacies.

Over the past few days since our meeting, my thoughts have returned many times to our conversation and the importance and relevance of Mr. Glascock's words.

For many people, the upcoming holiday weekend will provide opportunities to record and preserve history that can, in turn, be passed on. Reunions and gatherings of many varieties will be held. What an opportunity to record some of those stories that have been told time after time over the years.

Many photographic opportunities will occur. Do a better job than I do of recording dates and people who appear in the photos. A few years down the road you, and many others, will be glad you did.

But, most importantly, when you are out enjoying your holiday weekend, remember to celebrate safely and preserve our part of God's country so that you can pass it on.

While I'm on the subject of preserving history, I would like to encourage you to include a visit to the San Juan Historical Society Museum, at the northeast corner of 1st and Pagosa streets, and the Fred Harman Art Museum, up on Put Hill, in your plans. You'll enjoy the efforts of many folks to preserve, protect and pass on the legacy of a different way of life to future generations.

Many thanks to Mr. Glascock for taking the time to share some of his own family history with me. I know we've only scratched the surface of the memories he has to share and I look forward to our next opportunity to visit.

25 years ago

New dentist opens office in Pagosa

Taken from SUN files of July 4, 1974

Dr. Randall Davis arrived here this week to prepare an office for the opening of his dental practice. The location for the office is in the building between Harvey's Motel and the bridge at the east end of town. The new dentist chose Pagosa Springs as a place to practice while he was still in dental school at the University of Southern California at Los Angeles School of Dentistry.

A large transport truck, loaded with bulk corn, overturned on Wolf Creek Pass about 100 yards above the San Juan Overlook earlier this week when the truck's brakes failed. The load of corn was spilled onto the highway and State Highway Department employees used snowplow equipment to clear the road. A passenger in the vehicle was slightly injured.

Dennis Ralston, captain of the Davis Cup Team and one of the top 10 tennis players in the world for five years in a row, and fellow tennis pro Tom Gorman will play an exhibition match at the Pagosa Racquet Club this weekend.

An Archuleta Water Company representative met with town trustees Monday concerning recent discussions about increased rates to out of town users. The board said it does not plan to impose any price increase in the basic amount of water now being used by the company.



Community News
Local Chatter
By Kate Terry

Taking a look at Fourth's origins

What does the Fourth of July stand for?

This past June 5, I had the glorious reminder of what this historic date means for me. I was in Richmond, Virginia, in the St. John's Church, the site of the notable Second Virginia Convention held in March of 1775, when Patrick Henry, the delegate from Hanover County made an impassioned plea for the Colonies to fight for liberty as opposed to accepting "chains and slavery."

The Convention was held in Richmond, away from Williamsburg, the site of government. On January 20, 1775, the Williamsburg Gazette carried this announcement: "The several counties and corporations in this Colony are requested to elect delegates to represent them in Convention who are desired to meet at the Town of Richmond in the county of Henrico, on Monday the twentieth of March next. (signed) Peyton Randolph, moderator."

The Royal Governor Lord Dunmore had threatened anyone criticizing any royal policies, and his declaration plus the fact that there were British frigates on the upper James River called for quick action as some delegates saw it.

On March 22, the third day of the Convention, a resolution approving the proceedings of the Constitutional Convention being held in Philadelphia, was approved. On March 23, Henry offered a resolution.

"Resolved, that a well-regulated militia is, at this time, peculiarly necessary for the protection and defense of the country, and that the known remissness of the government in calling us together in legislative capacity renders it too insecure in this time of danger and distress to rely that any provision will be made to secure our inestimable rights and liberties from those further violations with which they are threatened. Resolved therefore. That this Colony be immediately put into a state of defense and that a committee be named by the Convention to prepare a plan for embodying, arming, and disciplining such a number of men as may be sufficient for that purpose."

Debate followed. There were those who were willing to risk their positions- most of the delegates had been Burgesses-and there were those who thought the war could be averted. Among those who spoke was George Washington, a delegate from Fairfax County, who said: "Mr. President, I am a soldier and believe in being prepared. For that and other reasons I will give my vote for the resolution of the gentleman from Hanover. Rather than submit them to the present condition of things, I will raise one thousand men, subsist them at my own expense, and march myself at their head to the relief of Boston."

Henry knew that haste was important if freedom was to be fought for and done so before more British troops could be brought in and so from this sense of urgency he made his immortal address, one that would be repeated in Philadelphia, the last part of which was:

"It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, peace, peace - but there is no peace. The war is actually begun. The next gale that sweeps from the North will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace too sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it. Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!"

Moderator Peyton Randolph then said, "The question is on the adoption of the resolution of the gentleman from Hanover. As many as are in favor will say aye-as many as are opposed will say no. The ayes have it and the resolutions are adopted. Those listening outside the church cheered and colonel Edward Carrington is said to have exclaimed, "Let me be buried on this spot!" His body lies just outside the church, one of the many buried on the grounds.

The second Virginia Convention was the most notable of all the revolutionary conventions of that stormy period. It contained Patrick Henry, the "tongue," Thomas Jefferson, the "pen," and George Washington, the "sword."

I was in Richmond to attend the DuVal family association reunion, descendants of Daniel DuVal who settled in Gloucester county in 1701. His son Samuel was a delegate to the second Virginia convention.

On Sunday afternoons at 2 p.m., during the summer months, professional actors reenact the last day of the convention in historic St. John's Episcopal Church. The actors were believable, the reenactment moving and inspirational. The costuming and procedures are as authentic as possible. That day the church was full. The association of Patrick Henry's descendants were also there.

The Declaration of Independence was signed July 4, 1776. If you can attend a reenactment sometime, I think that you, too, will be closer to July 4.


Chamber News
By Sally Hameister

Thanks for the help with the petunia planting

We have five new members to introduce to you this week and couldn't be more pleased to do so. With all the activity going on all over the place these busy days, we're delighted that these folks took the time to join us. As all of you savvy folks out there know, joining the Chamber is a wise business decision indeed for so many reasons. I contend that the most important of these is that your membership announces to the world that you support and are a part of the Pagosa Springs business community. Our membership of well over 600 truly embraces our philosophy that "we can accomplish collectively what would be impossible individually." Ya gotta love it -- we do. Thank you all.

Northern New Mexico Real Estate, Inc. located in Chama joins us with Christie L. Anderson as the contact person. These fine folks have served the Chama Valley since 1959 offering recreational land, cabins, ranches and mountain homes. If you would like to learn more about Northern New Mexico Real Estate, Inc., please give Christie a call at 505-756-2196 in Chama. We are always happy to welcome businesses from neighboring communities.

How nice it is to welcome our old friends Emily and Charlie Rogers with Aquila and Priscilla Tentmakers. You'll see their products in both Centennial Park and over the stage at the July 4 concert at Pagosa Lodge. They're the folks we call when we need a tent, and you will want to call them for your event tent rentals from backyard barbecues and weddings to county fairs. They can "cover" small to large occasions just for you, punfully intended, of course. You can reach them at 264-4471 for more information.

Michael P. Mahoney joins us next with Colorado Construction located at 63 North Pagosa Boulevard, Suite B3. Colorado Construction is a total service general contractor specializing in commercial, community and industrial projects with full engineering and construction management capabilities. These folks have been in this business for 23 years, so experience is not a problem.

You can call them at 731-0600 for more information.

Lee Anne and Blair Timmerman bring us a most unusual family-run business, Solar T's Alpaca Ranch located at 1960 Meadows Drive. The Timmermans offer alpaca sales, fiber, Ashford spinning wheels, Brother knitting machines, coned yarns, custom knitting and lessons. If you would like to learn more about Solar T's Alpaca Ranch, please give them a call at 731-2490.

Look for our next new business to appear at 305 Hot Springs Boulevard in the very near future. Longtime Pagosa resident and Chamber Board Director Sue Gast, brings us the Bank of the San Juans. The staff at Bank of the San Juans consider their customers' trust the bank's most valuable asset and let them know it. Give them a call at 264-1818 to learn more.

Thanks to all our new members and a hearty welcome.

Petunia planters

You have some very special people to thank for those lovely red and white petunias in the town flower boxes. We gather together this wacky group of folks who seem to enjoy playing in the dirt and making things beautiful. We are so grateful to each and every one of the following for their time and talent and thank them for making beautiful Pagosa even more so: Shari Gustafson, Phyllis Alspach, Carrie Weisz, Judy Galles, Ron Gustafson and Ron Hunkin. You can take great pride in your work every time you drive through town. We are grateful.

We also want to thank Suellen (Xena) and Board President Robert Soniat (Casper) for hanging the 15 baskets you see on the lamp posts in town. That was a full morning's work for them on a hot day, and I am ever so grateful to them for their efforts. Suellen will be taking on the watering tasks, and I assure you that is no easy job during a windy, dry summer. She truly is the Chamber warrior/princess.

Fabulous Firma

We want to thank Firma Lucas, Nursery Meister at Ponderosa Do-It-Best, for the incredible job she performed creating the baskets in town. Firma offered to do these for us many months ago as a special project to keep current with her gardening credentials, and we were happy to hand her the task. She planted each and every petunia and alyssum and then nurtured them every day for several weeks to make them strong and resilient to face the wind and heat awaiting them in their new homes. She was a great foster mom, because they were all healthy and hearty when we picked them up. Thanks so much, Firma, for all your efforts far above and beyond the call of duty. We do appreciate you and promise to take care of your "babies."

Wild weekend

This is one action-packed weekend ahead of us, and we hope you all plan to attend each and every activity offered to you.

"Nunsense" opens with a bang on Thursday night with five fabulous feisty nuns who will regale you with their antics, songs and dances. The "somewhat different" Little Sisters of Hoboken include the Reverend Mother, Mary McKeehan, and her four Sisters: Joan Hageman, Kathy Isberg, Stephanie Jones and Jennifer Alley. I have been privileged to see this show three times in different cities, and I simply can't wait to see it again with these talented, funny ladies. You will have six opportunities to see this performance on July 1, 2, 3 and 8, 9 and 10 at 7:30 p.m. at the Pagosa Spring High School Auditorium. Andy Donlon and Steve Rogan will be on the other side of the spotlight this time around, taking on director responsibilities. In this case, the good Sisters are in very capable hands. Advanced ticket holders will be seated at 6:30 p.m. and those who purchase tickets at the door will be seated at 7 p.m. Tickets are available at the Chamber, Moonlight Books, the Ruby Sisson Library and The Wild Hare. This is one "habit" you'll truly enjoy, I assure you.

Friday at noon, you can head down to Centennial Park and Town Park to shop and eat at all the craft and food booths. I think Suellen will end up with over 80 vendors, all of whom will be happy to help you with your Christmas shopping needs in July. This is the 21st year for the Arts and Crafts Festival, and it just continues to get bigger and better every year thanks to Suellen's organizational efforts and rapport with the vendors. Be sure to catch the entertainment in Centennial Park beginning at noon on Sunday and continuing until 4:30 p.m. Arts and Crafts will continue in both parks until the evening of July 4.

Saturday morning at 10 a.m. the Rotary Club of Pagosa presents the ever-popular Independence Day Parade with the theme of "Honor the Past. . .Imagine the Future." The 50th Red Ryder Roundup celebration will commence at 2 p.m. at the Fairgrounds Rodeo Arena and continue through Monday. I'm sure they have many pleasant surprises for you in honor of their 50th anniversary.

We invite you to join us on Sunday for a community picnic/barbecue, concert and fireworks at Pagosa Lodge. Tickets will be on sale at the Lodge through July 3 for those who want to avoid lines. Bring your blankets, lawn chairs, jackets and umbrellas (just in case) for yet another great July 4 bonanza. You will be thrilled to know that the Pagosa Hot Strings and Badly Bent will be handling the music honors for the evening with the Red, White and Bluegrass concert, so we are all in for a huge treat beginning at 6:30 p.m. and continuing until dusk when the fireworks begin. Our host, Pagosa Lodge, will offer a terrific BBQ menu with all the fixins' for $7.95 and $4.95 for children. They request that you do not bring your own liquor as wine coolers, beer and soda will be sold at the Lodge for a reasonable price. Join us!

Just try and convince me that there is nothing to do in Pagosa Springs this weekend - I dare you.

You would do well and have the time of your life if you take advantage of each and every opportunity available to you this weekend. I'll see you all everywhere.


Pagosa Lakes
By Ming Steen

Gray Wolves celebrate Fourth at clubhouse

Gray Wolf Ski Club will host its annual 4th of July bash at the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse on Sunday at 1 p.m. This picnic will be held in conjunction with the club's annual meeting and election of new officers.

Food arrangements are as follows: the club will furnish the meats, beer, soda, coffee and iced tea. If you are attending, please bring a salad or casserole or a dessert. The rumor has it that there may be some awesome homemade ice cream to pile on the pie. I'm excited and already working up an appetite.

With my husband, Tom, turning 50 last year, we've finally gained entry into this active and fun loving group. When Tom and I moved to Pagosa in 1984 and tried to join the Gray Wolf Ski Club, we were told to wait for 14 years. I was flabbergasted to think the club had such an extensive waiting list. It wasn't until later that I realized that it was because we were too young back then.

Joann Sager, one of the Gray Wolf Ski Club's anchor members, will be heading up the set-up and clean-up for the July 4th picnic. If you can help her, please call 731-2302.

The July schedule for summer hikes organized by Jerry Sager and Bob Tillerson for Gray Wolf Ski Club members and their families and friends include:

- July 6 - Windy Pass from East Fork

- July 13 - William's Creek Trail

- July 20 - V-Rock

- July 27 - Treasure Mountain.

These hikes are a great way to head up into higher country to enjoy the scenic beauty that brought many of us to Pagosa. Jerry and Bob both do an admirable job coordinating and leading these hikes. They do encourage as many of you as would like to join them. They meet at the west end of the Country Center City Market parking lot at 8:30 a.m. each Tuesday. It's important that you bring adequate drinking water, rain gear, lunch and wear good, comfortable hiking boots. If you have any questions for the hike coordinators, call Jerry Sager at 731-2302 or Bob Tillerson at 731-5160.

San Juan Outdoor Club, another one of our local groups that do it all, will hold their July meeting tonight at 7 in the Parish Hall. Dixie Newmann, an authority on wildflowers, edible and medicinal plants, will be the program.

On Sunday, July 11, San Juan Outdoor Club member Bart Cox will be coordinating a hike to V-Rock. Here's your chance - this and the other opportunity provided by Gray Wolf Ski Club on Tuesday, July 20. Please meet at the Junction Restaurant at 8 a.m. for the drive out to Chromo to access the trail head for V-Rock. You are encouraged to sign up at tonight's San Juan Outdoor Club meeting or call Bart Cox at 731-3955 to let him know you are planning on joining the group for the hike.

San Juan Outdoor Club members are also actively involved in trash clean up of a portion of U.S. 160. On May 19 and 20, club members picked up 72 bags of trash in 1 1/2 hours. Following the work session, the "trash-busters" gathered at Paradise Pizza to eat and trade stories about some unusual finds along the highway. Soon you will see a sign on U.S. 160 at milepost 137 acknowledging the effort by the San Juan Outdoor Club. More clean-up efforts are scheduled for July 29 and one in September. If you are able and willing to help, please call Jean Carson at 731-3478. Thanks for the good work folks.

Bear visits to homes in Pagosa Lakes can be avoided if property owners take some simple precautionary steps to remove pet food, hummingbird feeders and trash polycarts, aka "deli-carts," from the yard into the garage. Hungry bears seek easy sources of food and getting them accustomed to cruising around your home is not a good idea. The PLPOA office is getting a number of calls from concerned property owners who have been visited by bears.

I hope to see you at the second annual Rotary Freedom Run this Saturday. This 1K run or walk will precede the Fourth of July Parade. Runners and walkers of all ages and ability level are invited to participate. Each participant will receive a beautiful commemorative T-shirt donated by Lee Riley ("I Sell Pagosa") and Mountain Home Maytag. And if you are swift, you may even take home an apple pie courtesy of City Market. Registration forms are available at the Chamber of Commerce Visitor Center and Pagosa Lakes Recreation Center. You may also register the morning of the run in front of the Ruby Sisson Library at 9:30 a.m. Cost is $5 per participant. Think red, white and blue.


Senior News
By Thelma Risinger

Sedgwick new bus driver; Kamrath 'Senior of the Week'

Hello everybody.

David Sedgwick is the new bus driver for the senior bus at El Centro. David lives out on the Blanco. The bus departs for Durango at 8 a.m. Tuesday returning to Pagosa at 4 or 5 p.m.

Robby Akers was flown to an Albuquerque hospital because of a heart attack. Prayers for Robby.

Volunteers on Wednesday were Teresa Diestlekamp, Kathy Perry, George Ziegler, Lena Bowden and Kurt Killion.

On July 14, there will be a bead making class from 12:30 until 2:30 p.m. Cost is $8. Learn to make eye glass holders. Materials will be furnished.

Activity calendars are at the desk each month. Pick one up. It also lists the meals for the month.

Another picnic is being planned for July. Will tell you the date soon.

Prayers for our sick and shut-ins.

Bob Kamrath is "Senior of the Week" over here at El Centro. Bob comes to the Center often and helps out.

Are you ready for the Fourth of July celebration?

Lucy Cotton is still hospitalized in Farmington. Prayers.

Flowers are blooming and the days are warm. A good slow rain would help things.

We will see you at El Centro in time to eat at noon.



Library News
by Lenore Bright

Lots of winners in reading program

There are 239 children registered for the summer reading program. There are four more weeks of the program, and children may still sign up.

This year's readers are very creative. Come by and see their colorful crafts.

Wesley Laverty counted the correct number of goldfish.

Readers of the Week were Rachel Koepp, Audrey Martinez, Sara Holloman, Julia Nell and Rebecca Schaefer.

The jelly fish contest winners were Wes Vandercook, Austin Miller, Nacole Martinez, Jen Kinkead, Audrey Martinez, Erika Lucero, Chance Adams, Aliya Haykus, Tricia Lucero, Audrey Miller and Laci Jones.

Sandcastle winners were Chance Adams, Raesha Ray, Dustin Anderson, Eli Stephens, Nacole Martinez, Erika Lucero, Becca Stephens and Nicky Kinkade.

Coloring winners were Jessica Sue Martinez, Raesha Ray, Wes Vandercook, Tasha Rayburn, Rebekah Wells, Landry Ward, Zachary Bentley, Eli Stephens, Katie Laverty and Audrey Miller.


The State sent a number of free brochures of "News For Seniors." According to this issue, The Social Security Administration's computer system has been validated for the year 2000 by an independent audit. The computers will not disrupt benefits to 48 million beneficiaries.

The newsletter has a lot of other information and is free. Pick one up at the desk.

Aspen Music Festival

Music lovers have many performances to enjoy around the state this summer. Something very special happens this year in Aspen with the 50th anniversary of the music festival. There are a full nine weeks of concerts. We have the calendar of events for those interested.

Herbs and drugs

There is a big push to take herbs for a variety of ills. Our latest Tufts Newsletter gives some warnings about the danger of mixing herbs with medicines that don't go together. Example: aspirin and ginkgo - both are blood thinners and could increase your risk of stroke or excessive bleeding. Other herbs mentioned in the newsletter: echinacea, ginseng, kava, licorice, St. John's wort. The publication also discusses mercury levels in canned tuna, swordfish and shark. Tufts is just one of our many health materials.

Charge for Internet

Safeway, in Britain, is providing in-store PCs with access to the World Wide Web at the cost of $3.20 for 10 minutes. Our charge is $5.75 an hour, and Pagosa World Wide is only $2. It will be interesting to see what the free market brings in the way of cost as the popularity of this phenomenon grows. Is anyone else in town offering access? Please let us know and we can send you some business. We have some computers that may be used free of charge for word processing, and CD research. There is a charge for laser printing. Because of the increase in viruses, we aren't allowing any downloading, or accessing e-mail. We are sorry for the inconvenience.

Ballot issue

The Pagosa Sun reported that we are planning to ask voters to keep and spend our revenue at the November election. We are not asking for a raise in the tax mill levy. We just want to be able to keep and spend the money we receive from taxes, fees and state grants.

The TABOR amendment, which passed back in 1992, seriously damaged our ability to provide new books and materials. A vote to allow us to keep and spend our revenue will help in this area. The Friends of the Library plan to have a booth at the Archuleta County Fair to survey the citizens about library services, and explain our financial situation. We'd be glad to discuss it at any time before or after the fair. We need to start planning our services for the next five years. Your survey will help the Board make some necessary decisions.

Library closing

I can't believe half the year is gone already. The holiday snuck up on us. We will be closed Saturday through Monday for carpet cleaning and celebrating. Thanks to Scott Miller for the good work he does keeping our carpet from wearing out. It won't be long before we will need to replace it and the logistics of that chore are mind boggling. I choose not to think about it this week. Happy holiday.


Our thanks to all.

Dusty Pierce helped out financially. Materials came from Dolores Littlefield, Patty Sterling, Ralph Wiley, Mike Branch, Marietta Gordon, Elizabeth Thissen, Jerry Potticary, Mary Neill, Barbara Lindley, Nancy McInerney, Wendy Adams, Grace Qualls, Cindy Davidson, Darla McLean, Kate Lister, Mosetta McInnis, Gloria Macht, Reba Roach, Scott Miller, Paulette Sohle, Jim Knoll in memory of Myrtle Pope Knoll, and Carol Mestas in memory of Ben Talamante.


Arts Line
By Jennifer Galesic

Students, teachers collaborate

What happens when you take a couple of dedicated instructors and 14 students with a thirst for art knowledge?

You walk into an artistic collaboration known as "Denny 'n Ginnie & the Gang," currently on display at the Pagosa Springs Arts Council gallery at Town Park through July 7. Carol Fulenwider, Virginia Bartlett and their talented students have gathered some of their finest creations for you to see all in one place. Paintings and pictures using mixed mediums, including watercolor and oil, take you on a exciting journey through Colorado places, Pagosa people, flowers, family, an aura painting and wherever the artists imagination has ventured.

On Thursday, July 8, artist Bernard Reinhardt will open his ex

One-man show

hibit at the PSAC gallery at Town Park. A reception will take place from 5 to 7 p.m. with an artistic performance around 6 p.m. Everyone is welcome, and refreshments will be served.

Bernard moved to Pagosa Springs in 1986 and has since developed quite a resume for himself, including an art degree from Fort Lewis College in Durango, as well as the creation of murals and faux finishes in residences and businesses in the Four Corners area. His interest in fine art lies in exploring the obscure views that we all experience everyday. This will be Bernard's second show at the PSAC Gallery and will feature oil paintings, pastels, graphite/charcoal drawings and photographs. His work will be on display until July 21.

Gallery guide

Just released to the public - the 1999 Gallery Guide for Pagosa Springs. We have Donna Knox and Sharon Case to thank for compiling what some may say is a must-have guide for those of you wishing to be gallery savvy. The guide includes seven local galleries all of which have a variety of art for browsing or buying. Pick up your gallery guide (map included) at any of the following locations; Lantern Dancer Gallery, Handcrafted Interiors, Cimarrona Gallery, PSAC Gallery, Milt Lewis Gallery, Moonlight Books and Gallery, and Treasures of the Rockies.

News and reminders

Congratulations to PSAC vice president Jennifer Harnick and her husband Jim, on the birth of their beautiful daughter, Katherine.

The PSAC is in need of volunteers to work on the PSAC float for the parade on July 3. Please call Susan Garmen at 731-2485.

We are still looking for a membership volunteer and an Artsline writer once a month.

Don't dare pass up the glitz and glamour that come as standard benefits with these positions.

Call today and speak with Joanne at the gallery, at 264-5020.


Video Review
By Roy Starling

Still no good recycling movies

I have bad news for locals, good news for tourists.

Locals, I was unable to find a good film about recycling for this week's column. As you probably remember, last week I put an end to racism with my review of "A Family Thing," and this week I had hoped to bring recycling back to Pagosa with a review of some sappy tree-hugging flick.

If I had found such a movie, it probably would've been called "Mount Trashmore," with a soundtrack provided by Garbage. Maybe this would've been the plot: Members of a sleepy mountain town community get a rude awakening when they learn the Folks in Charge are calling a one-year moratorium on recycling.

This disappoints the sleepy mountain townies, because they believe recycling is one of the few little things the average citizen can do to help prolong the life of this much maligned planet. It's hard for them to explain to their children and to guests why they put tin and aluminum cans, newspapers and plastic jugs in the trash.

Suddenly, they think of a way to form their own recycling center, regardless of what the Folks in Charge have decreed. Then everyone is happy. The town's stored-up recyclable objects are then put on the backs of trucks and paraded like floats down main street. The girls of the Recycling Royalty wave to the crowd.

Even though no such film on recycling seems to exist, I did find something to recycle, something I believe all you tourists will appreciate. You may not know it, but you're in John Wayne country. Yes, the Duke slept here, or, if you prefer, Hondo hung out here. Two summers ago, I reviewed the film he made in Pagosa, and now, as a service to you (and to locals who might've missed it or forgotten about it), I offer this . . .

Recycled review

When we tell stories about growing up - becoming initiated into adulthood, gaining self-knowledge, learning what is truly valuable and all of that - we like to think in terms of a journey: going to Oz, for example, or searching for the Holy Grail, or like Alice, sorting through the weird perspectives of life through the Looking Glass.

In Mark Rydell's "The Cowboys" (1971), mostly filmed right here in Pagosa Country, the journey is a cattle drive through "400 of the meanest miles in the West." Accompanying tough old Will Anderson (John Wayne) on this drive are 11 young boys (they're the cowboys from the movie's title) in various stages of immaturity.

The premise of this western seems to be that if you put a man among boys, the boys will become men - or die trying. What about girls? I don't know. They're not the subject of "Cowboys." This is a man's movie.

The female of the species shows up in this film only as wives and mothers too easily left behind, or as a band of prostitutes up on Plumtaw Road. (I was there last weekend, incidentally, and the girls have apparently broken camp and headed farther west).

In westerns, boys tend to become men, if they live that long, chiefly through violent acts, but before the lead-flying, mouth-smashing initiation rites get underway in earnest, "The Cowboys" drags a bit. The movie takes maybe a little too much time with the obligatory recruiting and training of the wee 'pokes, and with introducing the rest of the good and bad guys.

Anderson and the boys pick up a good hand when Jebediah Nightlinger shows up to apply for the position of cook. Played by Roscoe Lee Browne, who may have the deepest, richest voice you'll ever hear in a western, Jebediah's sage advice contributes to the growth of the boys' spirits as much as his good cooking does to their bodies.

Just to make sure that no one enjoys the Piedra countryside too much, however, a character known only as Long Hair shows up, and he proves to be nothing less than the devil in a cowboy hat. Long Hair (Bruce Dern - Laura's dad) is a typical villain of the "mud and rag" westerns of the '70s in that he is most foul in word and deed, and, on top of that, he could really use a good bath.

This guy is truly offensive. When he comes on screen, I suggest you send your little wranglers off to their rooms to watch "Angel in the Ranch House," starring Christopher Lloyd, if there is such a film.

As the cattle drive advances closer to its destination, there is some pleasure in watching the boys toughen, Anderson mellow and Jebediah stay just the same. And it's interesting that after the boys have already won the approval of the father-figure Anderson, and he has blessed them with those all-important words "I'm proud of you," they go ahead and engage in something of a massacre anyway.

The movie is downright ingenious in its dispatching of Long Hair. This creep is so nasty and cruel that it doesn't seem possible that there's an appropriate punishment for him. Surprisingly, there is. And director Rydell, with the help of some ace stuntmen and local wrangler Gary Bramwell, stages it so convincingly it hurts to watch it.

"The Cowboys" isn't the best western ever made, but it has its moments of action, excitement, humor and tragedy. Wayne, who turned 64 shortly before riding into Pagosa, still knew how to embody those old values we like our heroes to have: courage, wisdom, tenacity, fortitude and compassion. Almost always underrated as an actor, his presence alone is enough to nudge most films up a notch or two.

And any film, of course, that features the Pagosa landscape is worth watching. It's a real treat to see a mountain range in a film, then hit pause (but don't do this, because it's bad for the tape), and look out the window to see the very same range.

By John M. Motter

And now, the rest of the story

Editor's note: Last week in The SUN, we ran a photocopy of the front page of the Aug. 26, 1920, Pagosa Springs Journal. Contained on that page was the story of a shootout in Edith that left two men dead and a third wounded. At the end of the article was the promise, "Continued on Page 4." Since we cannot locate Page 4 of that newspaper, and since several people have asked how the story ended, we have developed the following response.

By John M. Motter

J. M. Archuleta and Jose Salazar died in a hail of bullets during August of 1920, sacrificing their lives in defense of a hayfield. Daniel Valdez stopped lead in the same gun battle, his family uncertain if he would live or die. Ultimately he lived, only to face murder charges.

The shooting was no surprise to those familiar with the history of events along the border between Archuleta County and New Mexico. The location of that border had been disputed since it was first surveyed in 1868. One of the principle issues was, where was the pioneer community of Edith, in Colorado or New Mexico?

Tempers flared often over that issue after Archuleta County was organized in 1885, ironically based on legislation submitted by Colorado Senator Antonio D. Archuleta of Conejos County. Because A.D. Archuleta was instrumental in the new county's formation, the legislature honored Archuleta by having the new county named for him. Jose Marcelino Archuleta, the dead man, was the brother of A.D. Archuleta and the grandfather of current Pagosa Springs resident Margaret Daugaard.

In the first days of the county, a power struggle raged over the location of the county seat. The Archuleta and Gomez families, and possibly the E.M. Biggs New Mexico Lumber Company interests, pushed to make Edith the county seat. On the other side of the confrontation, Pagosa Springs leaders fought to retain Pagosa Springs as the county seat.

We find no record of blood shed over the issue, but there was physical confrontation. At one time, combatants from both viewpoints met on a foot bridge crossing the San Juan River in Pagosa Springs, wielding clubs.

Fearing that the first elected county commissioners - C.D. Scase, J.P. Archuleta, (J.M. Archuleta's brother), and J.B. Martinez - were sympathetic to moving the county seat to Edith, a group of Pagosa men broke up the first meeting of Archuleta County commissioners ever held. E.T. Walker carried a noose in a hat box into the meeting, which he displayed ominously to the assembled commissioners. That night, C.D. Scase's home mysteriously burned. Those commissioners did not meet again for six months. In the meantime, the dissidents elected a new slate of county officials known to be loyal to Pagosa Springs. Ultimately, the Colorado Supreme Court restored office to those originally elected and warned the dissidents to "not do that again."

Bearing on the county seat dispute, a second dispute simmered down through the years. Was Edith in Colorado or was it in New Mexico Territory?

The boundary between Colorado and New Mexico Territory had been established on the 37th parallel by an act of Congress in 1867 when the territory of Colorado was organizing. E.N. Darling, U.S. Surveyor and Astronomer, surveyed the route in 1868, erecting at least 10 monuments based on celestial observations. For 31 years, the Darling line remained undisputed.

Then, during 1899, complications developed when township surveys on the Colorado side of the line did not compute properly when closed to the state line. When the old Darling line was investigated, it was discovered that a large portion of the monuments were gone. Material errors in alignment and measurement were found in the line itself in the vicinity of Astronomical Monument No. 7 near Edith. Consequently, Archuleta County appropriated money to reestablish the missing monuments between the 6th and 8th Astronomical Monuments. Unfortunately, this Colorado survey was made without representation by the United States on behalf of New Mexico, then a territory.

The federal Congress authorized a new survey of the entire boundary line between Colorado and the territories of Oklahoma and New Mexico. The work was conducted by H.B. Carpenter, a U.S. surveyor, during 1902 and 1903. Carpenter conducted an independent survey which resulted in a line sometimes a half mile south and sometimes north of the old line. Congress never ratified the new survey.

In 1919, New Mexico, now a state, brought suit in equity to the Supreme Court to decide which line to observe. Finally, in 1925, the court designated a cadastral engineer as boundary commissioner to reestablish the Darling line. The final marking of that line was not completed until 1950.

The Edith shooting in 1920 had nothing to do with the former struggle for political control of Archuleta County. It had everything to do with the wishy-washy state line. Archuleta had homesteaded in the Edith area during 1876, one of the first pioneers in Pagosa Country. His homestead plat was later recorded in the Durango Land Office. At that time, according to the Darling survey, Archuleta's Edith property was in Colorado. Archuleta, therefore, had every reason to believe his property was in Colorado.

Following the 1902 survey and before the 1925 Supreme Court ruling, many people considered the Edith area to be in New Mexico. One of those people was Dave Loman, who filed a homestead entry in Santa Fe, N.M., on the same property Archuleta had filed on in Durango. Loman was convinced the property was his and that Archuleta was trespassing.

For years, the two men quarreled over who owned the property and the hayfield. Archuleta obtained an injunction in the Archuleta County district court restraining Loman from interfering with the hay harvest. Loman obtained injunctions from New Mexico courts against the Archuletas.

During the late summer of 1920, Archuleta had the hay cut and shocked. Loman at once advised Archuleta not to remove the hay from the field. On Tuesday, Archuleta ordered two of his hired hands, Jose Maria Salazar and Daniel Valdez, to go down to the field and haul it in. They refused and quit Archuleta's employ at once.

Realizing trouble was about to happen, on Wednesday morning Archuleta sent his son, Fidel, who was a deputy Archuleta County sheriff, to Pagosa Springs after sheriff Geo. F. Dutton. Dutton was unable to leave and sent Deputy Jacob Jacobson Jr. in his stead. Jacobson had a writ for attachment of Loman's body if he could find him in Colorado.

On Wednesday afternoon, J.M. Archuleta, son Fidel, Jacobson, a man named Montgomery, and others started for the hay field from Archuleta's Edith home. As Archuleta and Montgomery approached the hay field at about 1:30 in the afternoon, they were met by Salazar and Valdez.

When about five or six feet away, Salazar said to J.M., "I have a warrant for your arrest," at the same time reaching in his inside coat pocket, pulling out a revolver, and commencing to shoot at Archuleta, as did his partner Valdez.

Archuleta was hit twice and fell to the ground, but began pulling the trigger on the shotgun he carried. Salazar and Valdez continued firing on the run. Jacobson and Fidel were in another party some distance away, but began firing at the two men and were fired upon in return. A pitched gun battled developed, with Jacobson, Fidel, and Archuleta on one side and Salazar and Valdez on the other.

Salazar and Valdez fell as though hit two or three times. The last seen of them was when they hid among some willows along a nearby creek. A large party of Mexicans (sic) across the creek, who appeared to be merely onlookers at the melee, apparently helped them to their New Mexico homes.

Jacobson and Fidel immediately brought Archuleta to Pagosa Springs in the Archuleta car, leaving Edith without knowing if either of the two men were dead or not, but positive they had been wounded.

Archuleta was not thought badly wounded at first, but it was found that he had been shot in the left side through the bowels, and in the right thigh. Despite medical treatment, he passed away about 7:30 p.m.

Officials from Lumberton, N. M., confirmed that Salazar was dead and Valdez badly wounded, shot through the right elbow by a high powered rifle.

According to "The Pagosa Springs Sun," the periodical from which this account of the shootout was taken, "With one of the victims in Colorado, the other in New Mexico, and the affair having occurred over a hay crop on territory claimed by the two states, it presents a complicated state of affairs for the authorities."

We know that Daniel Valdez recovered from his wounds and was bound over to the district court in Rio Arriba County, N.M. We don't know if he ever stood trial. Until the 1925 Supreme Court ruling establishing the Colorado, New Mexico state line, no one knew which state had the right to try Valdez. In the newspaper account of the 1925 Supreme Court decree, we learned that Valdez was still under bond in Colorado. We also learned that New Mexico asked the Supreme Court for another hearing. Then we lose track of Valdez. Was he ever tried for the murder of Archuleta? We don't know.


Food for Thought
By Karl Isberg

Phone solicitors can ease loneliness

It was a cold, impersonal world.

I was alone, adrift in a nasty psychic sea.

I felt abandoned, depressed.

Up to last week, I regularly slipped beneath the surface of my despair and held my emotional breath, waiting to bob upward, to a lighter, airy domain.

Not now.

I've found a surefire way to make friends. I am reinforced. I am happy. I am not alone anymore.

Thanks to contemporary telecommunications, my social life has been transformed.

I had finished a dinner of seared and oven-baked yellow fin tuna, peas, and a salad of mixed greens.

I was splayed out on the couch, clad in a racquetball tournament T-shirt and a pair of plaid boxer shorts, set to enjoy a repeat broadcast of one of my favorite episodes of "Giants of the Deep," when the phone rang.


There was a brief moment of silence, pregnant with information potential, as a machine opened a channel to the caller.

The voice arrived from across a great gulf, distant, slightly muffled, sizzling with static.

"Hello, may I speak with Carol Ishboard?"

Aha, I thought, as I punched the mute button on the remote control: the nightly "service call."

Perhaps it was a pitch from a long distance company, perhaps a query from a credit card or mortgage company. It is called a "service call" by people in the business. Generally, the call comes at or near the dinner hour, or during television prime time, during "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" or "LA Detectives."

This time, I would handle the service caller differently, and it would change my life.

Until the Ishboard call I was irritated by this shrewd, almost evil sales tactic. I was peeved that my phone number was bought and sold, gulped down by hungry computer dialing machines, then spit back out, processed in a relentless cybernetic commercial quest.

In the past, when I received a service call, I would interrupt the caller and inform him or her, in less than polite terms, that I was not buying and was not pleased my attention was diverted from Buffy and her quest to rid the world of the undead.

One night, after answering a call for Crall Ibourge, I reamed the caller and demanded to know where he got the Ibourge phone number - an unlisted number. The caller broke down and cried.

After I hung up, I was momentarily proud of myself: I was an aggressive, take-charge guy. I had berated a phone operator for invading my privacy, destroying my domestic tranquility, ruining my prime time pleasure.

Then, I realized: I've pummeled a phone operator with a Kenyan accent, a confused young guy sitting in a dismal phone boiler room, trying desperately to squeeze a few measly bucks out of a dead-end job.

My Nietzschean vigor evaporated.

With the realization that I was abusive to another human being - a person lured to a crummy job by a combination of raw need and the false promises in a want ad - I decided to take a different approach.

My perspective changed.

"Hello, may I speak with Carol Ishboard? Is Mr. Ishboard available?"

"You betcha. You're talking to him."

"Mr. Ishboard?"

"Yep, that's me. Carol Ishboard. What can I do for you?"

"My name is Nafisa Armstrong, Mr. Ishboard. I am representing MCI WorldCom and I was wondering if you are happy with the price you pay for your long distance service. You do make long distance calls, don't you Mr. Ishboard?"

"Pardon me, but what was your name again?"

"Nafisa Armstrong, with MCI WorldCom."

"Well, Nafisa, I can assure you that I, and all the Ishboards, make plenty of long distance calls, several each evening as a matter of fact. But, shifting to the personal dimension, let me ask you something. Nafisa is such a lovely name. Does it have a meaning, or was it conceived solely for the beauty of the sound? Na-fi-sa."

"Well, I, uh. . ."

"Where are you calling from, Nafisa?"

"MCI World Com. . ."

"No, no, my dear: I assume you're sitting in front of a computer screen, in an office. Where is the office. In what city, in what state?"

"I'm in Baltimore."

"Great place, Baltimore. How's the weather? What's the prediction on the soft-shelled crab this season?"

Whammo. In an instant, Nafisa and I are locked in a human dialogue. I am talking to a person. A rather nice person, at that.

"How's the weather, Nafisa?"

"Oh, brother, its been hot. Too hot for me, in the mid 90s with high humidity. I gotta get me an air conditioner for the kids."

"Got kids, huh?"

"Yep, three. Three girls."

"Hey, I've got girls too, but they're grown now and they spend my money at a distance. Where are your kids, Nafisa?"

"Oh, they stay with my mom while I work. I gotta work till eleven."

"Whoowee. Gotta be nasty with that humidity."

"You can say that again. Is it hot there in. . . Pagasosprings? Where is Pagasosprings?"

Nafisa and I chatted amiably for another five minutes, making connections, discussing her GED and her desire to take some community college courses. She came through Colorado once four years ago, driving up the I-70 corridor, through Vail on her way to Vegas.

"I liked them mountains."

We discovered we're both crazy about the chow at the seafood buffet at the Rio in Vegas, especially the little mutant lobster tails. My youngest daughter Ivy and I once spent three hours at the buffet, eating so many of those dinky tails we went into digestive arrest. Nafisa loved that story.

I asked Nafisa what she would eat if she could choose anything. Halibut, she said. Seafood.

After we talked for a while, Nafisa had to move on. The Ishboard family was not changing its long distance carrier, and the girl from Baltimore made extra money on commission.

"Have a nice night, Nafisa. And be careful going home. Wear your seat belt."

"You too, Mr. Ishboard, and call me at my 800 number if there is anything I can help you with."

Seafood. Ah, yes. Mutant lobster tails. Softshell crabs. Chesapeake Bay goodies, shelled and finned. Mmmmm. My new friend Nafisa sparked some ideas.

"Hello, can I speak to Curl Eesbrod please."

"Eesbrod here, what can I do for you."

"Mr. Eesbrod, my name is Bob Whatford and I represent Associates Gold Card. I. . ."

Bob, it turns out, is calling from Waterloo, Iowa. After a gentle reminder, Bob remembers the now-defunct Waterloo Blackhawks hockey team. Bob is working service calls from a small cubicle in a windowless room in a metal building on the outskirts of Waterloo in order to supplement a meager income earned at a day job at his uncle's plumbing supply business. There were tornado warnings issued in Waterloo three times last week and the heat has been steady. Bob has a morbid fear of tornadoes. He went to the U of Iowa for two semesters, but dropped out. He has two years of payments left on a Firebird, and his girlfriend Lisa is pressuring him to marry her. Wacky Hawkeye that he is, Bob's favorite food is corn on the cob. I asked Bob if he has ever soaked the ears of corn in water, husks and all, then grilled them for several minutes, turning them occasionally to prevent burning. He promised he'll try this method the next time he fires up the propane grill on the deck of his condo.

I arranged to phone Bob at his place of work on Tuesday evenings.

The effect of these calls was miraculous. Suddenly, I was sleeping better. I looked forward to coming to the SUN office in the morning and pretending to work. Life was improving. I eagerly awaited service calls, chances to expand my personal horizon.

"May I speak to a Mister Ashburn if you can please me?"

Ravi came to Ithaca from a medium-sized city in northern India to study at Cornell. He intends to take his skills in aviation management back to his homeland, but for now he is content to work three part-time jobs and to send the majority of his income to his family. He is not only aware of vindaloo, but offers me a nearly intelligible recipe for the perfect raita to accompany my favorite zippy shrimp dish. He is amused by a short, but meaningful recollection of an experience I had at a cafeteria called Anwar's, located near the University of London. He swears his brother, who lives near Russell Square, eats at Anwar's on a regular basis. Small world.

I will call Ravi on Thursdays.

Beth, who I'll call on Mondays at ATT, shares my love of Labrador retrievers and was delighted with some of the stories I told about my faithful pal Arnie. She has owned two blacks and a chocolate, but never an English yellow like Arnie. We flirted with the idea of bringing Arnie to the Dallas-Fort Worth area in order to breed him with a local yellow. We will talk. I am anxious to try some of the catfish Beth touted as "the best anywhere in the entire universe."

The catfish must be good; the universe is a very large place. Before we ended our call, Beth and I pondered the enormity of the universe and the mystery of quasars.

Sid is my new friend from Minneapolis. He loves to deep-fry pike. He's quite a friendly guy for an ex-con. "I'll call you again soon, Mr. Isnard."

"Call me Curl, Sid. And I'll be waiting."

I became instantly attached to Nguyen when he rang up Cord Fissburch from a cubicle in Garden Grove. I concurred with the lad when he touted the incredible flavor of swordfish, freshly speared off Catalina and cooked simply, over charcoal, with just a bit of lemon to pick up the phenomenal white flesh. Every member of the Fissburch clan adores swordfish.

Sandy from the Memphis office of First Card is crazy about mussels. She had green-lipped mussels served with marinara sauce at an Italian joint in New York City when she and her husband Bucky were there on their honeymoon in '94. Sandy and Bucky are expecting their first child and Sandy is going to have to give up the late hours at the boiler room. "Oh, but we're not worried Mr. Insbird. We'll get by."

"Call me Crane, Sandy. And, yes, you will."

I'm uplifted by this nightly ritual, these rich fiber optic exchanges. I'm looking at a new, friendlier existence.

Now that I have friends, and their phone numbers (800 numbers - toll free!), I intend to get all these folks together. Here in Pagasosprings.

We need to meet, and eat.

The theme has been seafood, so I'm going to cook a couple of easy but satisfying dishes for my telephonic buddies.

First, bay scallops in garlic cream sauce, over fettucine. Easy stuff to make. Get real bay scallops (not those phony little Chinese calicoes) and strip them of their tendons. Sear the babies in olive oil, with salt and pepper. Once they are opaque, remove the scallops to a dish and add heavy whipping cream to the pan along with a couple of cloves of garlic, crushed. After the sauce thickens, season with salt and pepper, add a whisper of curry if it pleases you, a bit of chopped parsley, a generous hunk of butter and the scallops. Serve over fettucine. Egad!

The second dish will be a simple grilled salmon fillet. Remove the pin bones from the fillet and score and oil the skin side of the fish. Make a paste of fresh mayonnaise, a bit of Dijon mustard and some chopped fresh tarragon. Put the fillets on a medium hot grill, skin side down. Slather the flesh side of the fillet with the paste, close the grill top and cook for eight to ten minutes, until a peek at the interior reveals the flesh done as you like.

I think Nafisa and Sandy will like the scallops, and the salmon should please Ravi and Beth.

I'll call Sid and get his okay on the menu. It's not wise to surprise a felon. If Sid wants beef tenderloin, Sid will get beef tenderloin.

Sid can have anything he wants at the Ashnard house.

He's my friend.

I'm not alone.


Motter's Mutterings
By John M. Motter

Buzzards: unsung heroes

Trash and clutter get worse every day. Personally speaking, I don't know of a bigger turnoff than having to kick your way through several tons of paper cups and candy wrappers in order to get a look at the waterfalls, any waterfalls. Trash is a growth industry, as is its counterpart, cleaning up trash. Cleaning up trash might be the most important job in the country.

In keeping with the importance of cleaning up, I think we should recognize those who clean up best. Movie stars get Oscars and television stars Emmys and singers their watchamacallits, ad nauseum ad infinitum. Why not recognize those who really add something positive to our culture, the cleanup folks?

By now, you probably agree with me and are even thinking about who to nominate as the cleanup hero of the year. I wouldn't even be surprised if you've hit on the same idea I've been thinking about, honoring those unsung heroes, the buzzards. That's right, the buzzards, turkey vultures to some folks. Where would America be without them? Much messier, and that's a fact.

Anyone who has driven the highways and byways of this great nation has seen these winged garbage disposals engaged up to their necks doing what they do best, cleaning up. Cleaning up is not an afterthought or hobby for buzzards, it's deadly serious business. From the moment they hatch, young buzzards train as cleanup experts. While the fledglings are still in their nests mother watches, disgorging bits of information from the latest cleanup effort as soon as she sees they are ready. And they are ready, always, open-mouthed with anticipation.

A lot of folks probably fail to recognize how organized buzzards are. Often, with the first light of day you'll see a tiny speck, scarcely recognizable, hanging high overhead on a thermal. It's a scout buzzard, looking for the next job. Buzzards don't like to waste time. As soon as the scout spots a road kill, he dives to the scene of carnage. Somehow, other buzzards in the area understand what is happening. Scientists have studied the phenomena, but as yet have no answers. How do buzzards communicate? Nobody knows, but communicate they do.

Soon a ring of buzzards surrounds the next meal, knife and fork in hand, bib tucked in place, waiting for Number One Buzzard to arrive before digging in. Buzzards are very polite and very patient. No one I know has ever heard a buzzard even burp. Finally, Numero Uno drops in, takes over, and the feast begins.

Being a buzzard is not without risks. Buzzards often work beside busy highways with thousands of speeding vehicles hurtling past like artillery shells on a battlefield. Even in the presence of this mortal danger, buzzards persist until the job is finished.

You might not have stopped to think about it, but there are other hazards to the occupation besides overzealous motorists. Maybe that's why buzzards take a backward approach to life. Instead of being absorbed by their work, buzzards absorb their work. That absorption has risks. Why is the elk or deer or armadillo lying feet up in the first place? What killed it? By eating the dead animal, will the buzzard eat what made the animal dead and suffer the same fate?

Even if buzzards think about such risks, it doesn't keep them from being faithful to their appointed rounds. The truth is, I've never heard a buzzard complain. Despite the danger, buzzards always show up for work.

In fact, buzzards provide the perfect model for free private enterprise. They don't need food stamps, you don't have to give them a wakeup call, they don't mind doing the dirty work, and, even if they don't work for peanuts, they don't require much. Buzzards don't even need a supervisor. Even though buzzards work in a danger zone, they don't require hard hats or orange vests. What's more, buzzards never ask for unemployment insurance or retirement income.

And so, when the time comes to submit nominations for those who make the biggest contribution to the American way of life, that is the ability to see any waterfall unencumbered by trash, I'm nominating the buzzard.


Book Review
By John M. Motter

Books gives history without dates

Anyone interested in western Colorado history who likes to read facts without being bothered with a collection of dates will enjoy reading "Beyond the Great Divide, 101 true stories of western Colorado," by Abbott Fay.

Fay's collection of stories range in length from one page to three or four pages, great reading for someone who might be interrupted at any moment. Fay is the author of numerous books including the bestselling "I Never Knew That About Colorado." Fay is a retired history teacher and adjunct professor for three colleges.

According to the book's jacket, Fay has "a unique ability to discover the little-known, interesting stories about Colorado, and then present them in a way that keeps the reader spellbound."

Fay, indeed, writes well and his book is liberally sprinkled with photographs. Among the unusual stories are the following:

Did you know that prospectors claimed that they found a wooden sailing ship in a crystal cave near Red Cliff in 1879?

Did you know that elephants pushed a train over Boreas Pass in 1885?

Did you know that the idea for National Forest wilderness areas came from a camping trip to Colorado?

Fay answers the above questions and many more while telling 101 true stories about western Colorado.

"Beyond the Great Divide" is published by Western Reflections, Inc., a publishing firm based in Ouray. Western Reflections is releasing about 20 titles this season, all related to Colorado history. The book should be available in major western Colorado book stores.


Local performers

Dear Editor,

I am a former citizen of Pagosa Springs and still subscribe to the SUN.

I am writing in reference to the SUN dated June 24, 1999. I enjoyed the articles on the Fiesta Days. I was very disappointed to see or should I say not see a picture of a local girl in the paper.

Anjelica Gallegos has been singing since she was 7 years old. She will be performing in Taos, N.M. in July and in Montrose in August.

I feel that our hometown performers should have their picture in the paper along with an article telling how they got started in what they do. There are several photos of out of town performers there; granted, they are beautiful, but it seems to me that the local performers should be given top billing in our paper.

Show these children and adults that Pagosa is proud of them. Help give others coming up in the future the incentive to stand up and reach a little higher.

I feel that an apology should be extended to Angelica for this oversight.


Tony A. Gallegos

Very sad

Dear Dave,

This letter is to invite everyone to a "funeral" on Wednesday, June 30, at 4 p.m. when the PLPOA board will have successfully "killed" the Wednesday afternoon sewing group which has been meeting at the club house since 1974.

The "stabbing" occurred this way: one of our group would have to sign to be financially responsible for any damage caused as a result of our using it. The only problem with that is we don't think a board member would be there at 1:45 p.m. each Wednesday to ascertain the condition of the building before we used it and also be there at 4 p.m. when our sewing group disbands to be sure it is left as we found it. Besides that we'd also be responsible for cleaning the front door windows (how we did dirty them by entering the building), clean restrooms (seldom if ever used by our group, especially the men's), etc. (the list is long). Like all school children, the board wants us to have a sign-in sheet. Who cares whether there are eight, 10 or 12 of us there except for the one serving refreshments. This building is left unlocked for eight hours during the day, so any damage that anyone might have caused before our arrival or after our departure would be our responsibility. Being of sound mind, none of us want to take on that financial responsibility.

The PLPOA board has been trying to get rid of the sponsored groups ever since last summer. They have finally succeeded. We just hope they do not expect us to show up at any more mail-outs. At least six of our number showed up as volunteers with husbands to do the June mail-out but no more - why feed a dog that bites you. To say we are terribly disappointed in the board is an understatement of the greatest magnitude.

We hope the property owners will look anew at why only two people wanted to run for office on the PLPOA board this year and one of them is already on the board as an appointee. The by-laws as found in the declarations require at least one more candidate than openings. A name written in on a ballot would not be an official candidate, therefore, this election slate is illegal. Since there are more appointed directors than elected, perhaps a re-call campaign would resolve the problems and return the club house to the property owners, its rightful owners. In addition, as we understand it, the term of all restrictions expires January 2000 and the PLPOA could be disbanded by the majority of the owners. Anyone out there willing to take this information and run with it?

The churches in our community are reaching out to groups (who can't use our club house even though property owners) like ours by giving them places to meet and sew. We are hoping a nearby church will do the same for us.

Tis a very sad state of affairs.


Wednesday afternoon

sewing group:

Bobbie Carruth,

Frances Chenoweth,

Kay Arnold, Mary Anne Collins,

Mary Standefer, Barbara Walton,

Kathryn Cook, Jane Baker,

Ginny Kaumeyer, John Boutwell,

Marion Baker, Jolyn Boutwell,

Vera Bang, Julie Boston

and Elanor Jones

Hot, tired, hungry?

Dear Editor,

We are inviting folks who are hot, tired and hungry following the parade on Saturday, to come to the air-conditioned American Legion Hall at the east edge of Town Park for authentic home-cooked Mexican food and iced fountain drinks.

The menu will include a variety of items at reasonable prices. The refreshments are being co-sponsored by the Kiwanis Club and American Legion Post 108 Auxiliary. The proceeds will be used to benefit needs and concerns of local veterans, women and children.

We will begin serving immediately following the parade and will continue until the food is gone. However, iced fountain drinks will be available starting at 11 a.m. Friday and continuing through Sunday.


Patty Tillersen

They signed for us

Dear Editor,

They signed the Declaration of Independence for us. What kind of men were they? Who were they?

Twenty-four were lawyers or jurists. Eleven were merchants. Nine were farmers and large plantation owners, men of means, well-educated. They signed the Declaration of Independence for us knowing full well that the penalty would be death if they were captured. Not one recanted.

Rush, Hall and Wolcott were medical doctors.

What happened to them? Five signers were captured by the British as traitors and tortured before they died. Twelve had their homes ransacked and burned. Two lost their sons in the Revolutionary Army, another had two sons captured and forced into a British prison ship, where few came out alive; water and food were filthy and at starvation levels. No medical help was available. No sanitation. These prison ships were rat infested areas filled with disease, and our wounded men.

Thomas Jefferson and John Adams had huge prices on their heads. Carter Braxton of Virginia, a wealthy planter and trader, saw his ships swept from the sea by the British Navy. He sold his home to pay his debts and died bankrupt. He had served in the Congress without pay. His family was kept in hiding. Thomas McKean's family was hounded mercilessly and forced to move almost constantly.

Vandals or soldiers, or both, looted the properties of Ellery, Clymer, Hall, Hayward, Rutledge and Middleton. And, five of these men were captured and spent 10 months in a prison ship. At the Battle of Yorktown, Thomas Nelson, Jr. noted that the British general, Cornwallis, had taken over the Nelson home for his headquarters. Nelson urged Washington to open fire. Which was done. Nelson too, died bankrupt.

Francis Lewis had his home and properties destroyed. The enemy jailed his wife and she died within a few months. Honest John Hart, a hard working farmer, was driven from his wife's bedside as she was dying. Their 13 children fled for their lives. His fields and grist mill were laid waste. For more than a year he lived in forests and caves. He returned home after the war to find his wife dead and his children vanished. John Hart died of exhaustion several weeks later. Morris and Livingston suffered similar fates.

Such suffering. Why did they pledge: "For the support of this Declaration with a firm reliance on the protection of the Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our Lives, our Fortunes, and our Sacred Honor?" Did they know that the "tiny mustard seed" (Luke 13) planted by the Pilgrims at Plymouth in 1620 would become that great and mighty nation spoken of in Genesis 18?

A nation born in a day, July 4, 1776, as in Isaiah 66:8. Of course.

Rosemary Horstman

E mail

Bloody battle

Dear David,

What a cliff hanger! Could we please see page 4 of the Pagosa Journal dated Thursday, Aug. 26, 1920? I really would like to know the details of the bloody battle between J. M. Archuleta and Jose Salazar. Thanks.

Betty Reinhardt

Editor's note: Past editions of the SUN and former Pagosa Springs newspapers are available on microfiche at the Ruby M. Sisson Memorial Library.


Espoy queen of Appaloosa Horse Club

Jacqueline Espoy, a senior at Pagosa Springs High School, was named the 1999 Queen of the Four Corners Appaloosa Horse Club on June 13 at the Sky Ute Event Center in Ignacio. The contestants for queen were required to write an essay and ride a specific western riding pattern that was judged on June 13.

This is young Espoy's fourth year as a member of the Rocky Mountain Riders Club, an affiliate of 4-H. She has held positions of treasurer, vice-president and is currently the president of the Rocky Mountain Riders Club. She was born and raised in California before moving to Pagosa Springs four and a half years ago with her parents, Denise and Mark Espoy.

As the representative of the Four Corners Appaloosa Horse Club, young Espoy will be riding in parades in the Four Corners area to help promote the breed of Appaloosas.

The next Four Corners Appaloosa Horse Club All-Breed show will be in Pagosa Springs, at the Archuleta County Fairgrounds on Aug. 1, starting at 9 a.m. For more information, contact one of the show managers: Mary Ann Page, 264-6494, or Lynn Johnson, 731-5909.


Amanda Huang

Pagosa Springs student artist Amanda Huang will be exhibiting her artwork at the 1999 Cherry Creek Arts Festival to be held July 3 to 5 in Denver. The annual festival is widely recognized as the No. 1 fine arts and fine crafts outdoor art festival in the country.

Huang, a seventh grader to be at Pagosa Springs Junior High School, participated in the Arts Festival's 1999 Student Art Competition. This year's competition attracted more than 1,100 submissions from Colorado students, whose artwork was reviewed in a blind-jury process.

Sixty pieces were awarded place prizes or honorable mentions. All 60 pieces will be displayed on site at this year's Arts Festival.

Place winners and Best of Show, to be awarded during the Arts Festival, are eligible to sell their artwork to the Arts Festival's Mobile Arts Collection, a traveling collection of artwork that tours schools, libraries and other public venues, year round throughout the state.

"The Arts Festival encourages artists of all ages to participate in the creative process," said Bruce Storey, general manager of the Arts Festival. "The artwork created by student participants is truly amazing, and we are not only proud to showcase that artwork for visitors to enjoy, but also to give the students an opportunity to learn what it's like to be a professional artist; going through a competitive blind-jury process and selling their artwork to an art collection."


Leta Hubert

Memorial services and internment for Leta J. Hubert of Onalaska, Texas, will be held on July 4, 1999, at 5 p.m. at the Lazy W Ranch on Fawn Gulch Road.

Mrs. Hubert was the mother of Billie White Evans of Pagosa Springs and Patsy Sauls of Onalaska, Texas.

Father John Bowe will be officiating at the burial.

A meal for family and friends will be served at 4 p.m. immediately preceding the internment.

Christine Douglas

Christine Douglas of Pagosa Springs died Sunday, June 20, 1999.

Mrs. Douglas was born in Gulfport, Miss., to Wilfred and Beryl Douglas. She moved to Pagosa Springs in 1996.

She is survived by her husband, Dennis Lampi of Pagosa Springs, as well as many friends and family who loved her and will miss her greatly.

Mrs. Douglas was a people person and loved animals and the outdoors. The following quotation is an echo of her life and her beliefs: "Go placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even the dull and ignorant; they too have their story. You are a child of the universe, no less than the trees and stars; you have a right to be here. Be at peace with God, be careful, it is still a beautiful world, strive to be happy."

Phylis Dotsun

Funeral services for Phylis Quintana Dotsun, will be held Friday, July 2, 1999, at 10 a.m. at the Immaculate Heart of Mary Church. A Rosary will be held on Thursday, July 1, 1999, at 7 p.m.

For more information, call 264-4256 or 264-5702.


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Weather: Warm, dry

By John M. Motter

Warm and dry, says the weatherman, conditions Pagosa Country folks should appreciate while they join friends and family for beans, barbecue and bucking broncos for the Fourth of July weekend.

"I see little, if any change over the next few days," said Doug Baugh, a National Weather Service forecaster from Grand Junction. "Temperatures should climb to the mid-80s or low 90s during the day and drop to between 45 and 55 nights. There is a chance for breeziness that should increase as we move into the weekend."

Last week's highs ranged from 80 on Friday to 84 on Monday and Tuesday. The warmest days gave way to the coolest nights: On Monday and Tuesday the mercury dipped to an even 40 degrees. The highest low of the week was 45, reached on Thursday and Saturday.

A brief shower late Saturday night gave the area its only precipitation of the week, dropping a meager .05 inch of rain at the airport.