Front Page

June 17, 1999

Wolf Creek Ski Area gets green light for expansion

By John M. Motter

The U.S. Forest Service has given Wolf Creek Ski Area approval for a proposed facilities expansion project, according to Steve Hartvigsen, the Forest Service winter sports administrator stationed in the Monte Vista office.

"We have been waiting for a written decision from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service concerning lynx before making the decision," Hartvigsen said. "We had verbal and e-mail communications from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife biologist that it would be okay, but we wanted something in writing. We decided we couldn't wait any longer. The decision was made Monday."

The approval was given by Calvin N. Joyner, Associate Forest Supervisor for the San Juan/Rio Grande National Forest. Joyner's approval was contained in a letter sent to the to regional forester in Denver.

Accompanying the decision to approve the facilities expansion is the associated decision notice and finding of no significant impact related to the environmental assessment submitted on the ski area. Environmental studies, statements, and appeals affecting the proposed project have been circulating since last summer.

Persons who choose to appeal the project must do so within a 45-day period starting this week with publication of a notice in the Valley Courier newspaper in Alamosa. Appeals should be addressed to: Appeal Deciding Officer, Lyle Laverty, Regional Forester, Rocky Mountain Region, Box 25127, Lakewood, CO 80225.

"No work can start until the conditions of the appeal process are satisfied," Hartvigsen said. "We are almost certain we will get an appeal from Forest Guardians of Santa Fe. There may be others."

Past appeals have been based on the project's supposed negative impact on a species of cutthroat trout found in the Rio Grande River drainage below the ski area, and more recently around concerns for the lynx, recently reintroduced in the south San Juan Mountains by the Colorado Division of Wildlife.

"We don't see any need to change the project design because of the lynx," Hartvigsen said. "The lynx is nocturnal. There is already so much human activity in the area, the lynx is not likely to hang around. If any lynx get near the area, they will just go around and keep going."

The ski resort proposes adding an additional ski lift, parking area, and parking access roads. The building will take place on land already used by skiers and does not contemplate the use of land not formerly dedicated to the ski area. The environmental assessment was required because the ski area is located on Forest Service property.


Archuleta County residents say growth is major issue

By John M. Motter

Growth is the most important issue facing Archuleta County according to more than 50 percent of the 400 Archuleta County residents who responded to a recent telephone survey.

Conducted by Tosch Associates and paid for by the county, the survey asked 28 questions, mostly related to growth issues. The survey is one response by the county commissioners to public concern relating to changing conditions in the county brought on by rapid growth. An additional response is the tentative hiring of county planner Mike Mollica. Mollica is scheduled to report to work Monday. A third response is the likelihood that the commissioners will place on the November ballot a request that voters allow the county to retain excess revenues over TABOR or Gallagher limits, in effect de-Brucing county revenues.

The commissioners regard the survey as a tool gauging public opinion as to the kinds of legislative actions needed to cope with the pressures growth is placing on county services and the county budget.

Tosch pollsters talked to 175 male and 225 female respondents chosen at random from Archuleta County voter registration rolls. Of that number, 245 turned out to be Republican, 70 Democrat, and 85 Unaffiliated. The poll reached 61.25 percent Republicans, 17.5 percent Democrats, and 21.25 percent Unaffiliated. In fact, about 53 to 54 percent of the county's voters are Republican and about 20 to 22 percent are Democrats, James W. Tosch said, a fact that does not negate the poll's reliability.

"Our margin of error is less than plus or minus 5 percent," Tosch said, "and the confidence level is at least 95 percent."

Tosch expressed surprise that, given the conservative nature of the people in the county as evidenced by the preponderance of Republicans, that the voters still supported government-intrusive proposals such as the 79 percent approval of "development of a growth management plan with enforceable regulations."

The commissioners took no action following Tosch's presentation.

"I need some time to look this over," said Commissioner Ken Fox, chairman of the board of county commissioners. "It will be interesting to observe the response when this is made public. We will also be interested in the new planner's response."

Within two or three weeks, Tosch will issue a report summarizing the survey, two public meetings and a core group, and correlating certain aspects of the data gathered. The public meetings and core group discussions were used to formulate the questions used in the telephone survey.

Following are the questions asked during the survey and the public response. The number of respondents favoring a particular answer is listed first, followed by the percentage of respondents favoring that answer.

1. In your opinion, what is the most important issue facing Archuleta County today?

Answer: growth - 204 respondents, 51 percent; roads - 69 respondents, 17.25 percent; taxes - 26 respondents, 6.50 percent; education - 15 respondents, 3.75 percent; water - 8 respondents, 2 percent; crime - 6 respondents, 1.5 percent; other - 70 respondents, 17.5 percent.

2. What do you like best about living in Archuleta County?

Answer: scenic beauty - 143 respondents, 35.75 percent; small town atmosphere - 120 respondents, 30 percent; friendly people - 47 respondents, 11.75 percent; peace and quiet - 26 respondents, 6.5 percent; climate - 25 respondents, 6.25 percent; other - 40 respondents, 10 percent.

3. During recent years Archuleta County has experienced significant growth. In the future, would you like to see Archuleta County experience:

Answer: moderate growth - 284 respondents, 71 percent; no growth - 103 respondents, 25.75 percent; rapid growth - 7 respondents, 1.75 percent; don't know don't care - 4 respondents, 1 percent.

4. In regard to managing growth, do you believe Archuleta County currently has:

Answer: not enough regulations - 192 respondents, 48 percent; the right amount of regulations - 124 respondents, 31 percent; too many regulations - 56 respondents, 14 percent.

5. Do you believe Archuleta County should develop a growth management plan with enforceable regulations?

Answer: yes - 316 respondents, 79 percent; no - 60 respondents, 15 percent; don't know don't care - 21 respondents, 5.25 percent.

6. If Archuleta County develops a new growth management plan, which of the folzlowing should have top priority?

Answer: protecting the interests of the community as a whole - 227 respondents, 56.75 percent; protecting individual property rights - 150 respondents, 37.5 percent; don't know don't care - 4 respondents, 1 percent.

7. As Archuleta County grows, who should pay for the costs of roads, fire protection and other services in new growth areas?

Answer: the developer - 182 respondents, 45.5 percent; all residents - 104 respondents, 26 percent; property taxes - 48 respondents, 12 percent; new residents - 40 respondents, 10 percent; other - 19 respondents, 4.75 percent; don't know don't care - 8 respondents, 2 percent.

8. Do you favor the introduction of sign codes and architectural design standards in the commercial areas of Archuleta County?

Answer: yes - 285 respondents, 71.25 percent; no - 98 respondents, 24.5 percent; don't know don't care - 14 respondents, 3.5 percent.

9. Should the county establish a tax for the purchase of open space?

Answer: disagree - 150 respondents, 37.5 percent; agree - 135 respondents, 33.75 percent; strongly disagree - 41 respondents, 10.25 percent; strongly agree - 33 respondents, 8.25 percent.

10. Should the county designate certain protected corridors for wildlife migration?

Answer: agree - 196 respondents, 49 percent; strongly agree - 136 respondents, 34 percent; disagree - 48 respondents, 12 percent; strongly disagree - 5 respondents, 1.25 percent.

11. Should the county place restrictions on the development of 35-acre parcels?

Answer: agree - 163 respondents, 40.75 percent; disagree - 113 respondents, 28.25 percent; strongly agree - 57 respondents, 14.25 percent; strongly disagree - 12 respondents, 3 percent.

12. Should the county encourage the preservation of agricultural land?

Answer: agree - 230 respondents, 57.5 percent; strongly agree - 115 respondents, 28.75 percent; disagree - 32 respondents, 8 percent; strongly disagree - 4 respondents, 1 percent.

13. Should the county initiate voluntary programs for the preservation of open space?

Answer: agree - 265 respondents, 66.25 percent; strongly agree - 78 respondents, 19.5 percent; disagree - 24 respondents, 6 percent; strongly disagree - 5 respondents, 1.25 percent.

14. Should the county implement dog licensing and rabies inoculation fees to pay for an animal control officer?

Answer: agree - 194 respondents, 48.5 percent; strongly agree - 111 respondents, 27.75 percent; disagree - 56 respondents, 14 percent; strongly disagree - 6 respondents, 1.5 percent.

15. Should the county reimburse property owners for the loss of value incurred by land-use planning and zoning?

Answer: agree - 185 respondents, 46.25 percent; disagree - 94 respondents, 23.5 percent; strongly agree - 55 respondents, 1.75 percent; strongly disagree - 8 respondents, 2 percent.

16. Should the county initiate and enforce regulations regarding junk and trash?

Answer: agree - 181 respondents, 42.25 percent; strongly agree - 167 respondents, 41.75 percent; disagree - 37 respondents, 9.25 percent; strongly disagree, 1 respondent, 0.25 percent.

17. Should the county establish traditional zoning throughout Archuleta County?

Answer: agree - 235 respondents, 58.75 percent; disagree - 60 respondents, 15 percent; strongly agree - 45 respondents, 11.25 percent; strongly disagree - 8 respondents, 2 percent.

18. Police protection:

Answer: satisfied - 240 respondents, 60 percent; dissatisfied - 73 respondents, 18.25 percent; very satisfied - 50 respondents, 12.5 percent; very dissatisfied - 25 respondents, 6.25 percent; don't know don't care - 10 respondents, 2.5 percent.

19. Road maintenance:

Answer: dissatisfied - 162 respondents, 40.5 percent; satisfied - 120 respondents, 30 percent; very dissatisfied - 100 respondents, 25 percent; very satisfied - 11 respondents, 2.75 percent; don't know don't care - 5 respondents, 1.25 percent.

20. Snow plowing:

Answer: satisfied - 254 respondents, 63.5 percent; dissatisfied - 68 respondents, 17 percent; very satisfied - 39 respondents, 9.75 percent; very dissatisfied - 25 respondents, 6.25 percent; don't know don't care - 12 respondents, 3 percent.

21. Planning:

Answer: dissatisfied - 150 respondents, 37.5 percent; satisfied - 131 respondents, 32.75 percent; very dissatisfied - 9.75 percent; very satisfied - 9 respondents, 2.25 percent; don't know don't care - 67 respondents, 16.75 percent.

22. Recycling:

Answer: dissatisfied - 173 respondents, 43.25 percent; very dissatisfied - 111 respondents, 27.75 percent; satisfied - 70 respondents, 17.5 percent; very satisfied - 3 respondents, 0.75 percent; don't know don't care - 41 respondents, 10.25 percent.

23. Traffic management:

Answer: dissatisfied - 186 respondents, 46.5 percent; satisfied - 149 respondents, 37.25 percent; very dissatisfied - 49 respondents, 12.25 percent; very satisfied - 4 respondents, 1 percent; don't know don't care - 9 respondents, 2.25 percent.

24. Animal control:

Answer: satisfied - 186 respondents, 46.5 percent; dissatisfied - 138 respondents, 4.5 percent; very dissatisfied - 33 respondents, 8.25 percent; very satisfied - 7 respondents, 1.75 percent; don't know don't care - 32 respondents, 8 percent.

25. Would you vote for a tax increase to improve some of these services (police protection, road maintenance, snow plowing, planning, recycling, traffic management or animal control)?

Answer: yes - 202 respondents, 50.50 percent; no - 140 respondents, 35 percent; undecided - 57 respondents, 14.25 percent.

26. Do you own property in Archuleta County?

Answer: yes - 354 respondents, 88.5 percent; no - 44 respondents, 11 percent.

27. Do you depend on the economy of Archuleta County for your income?

Answer: yes - 201 respondents, 50.25 percent; no - 194 respondents, 48.5 percent.

28. How long have you lived in Archuleta County?

Answer: 11 years or more - 183 respondents, 45.75 percent; 4 to 10 years - 133 respondents, 33.25 percent; less 3 than years - 82 respondents, 20.5 percent.


Mountain men return to Pagosa this week

By Karl Isberg

Mountain men return to Pagosa Country this week as the annual Pagosa Rendezvous takes place June 16 to June 20 at a site on top of Reservoir Hill.

Spectators are welcome at the event and are urged by Rendezvous organizers to take a step back in time to the short-lived but magical world of the trappers who roamed the West in the early 1800s.

A primitive campsite will duplicate the traditions and conditions of the original Rendezvous, held by the trappers and hunters in order to socialize, to match skills, to swap stories and to trade goods.

Modern mountain men and their families started gathering and setting up camps at the site on top of Reservoir Hill on June 16 and activities were set to begin in earnest this morning.

Today, June 17, shooters register from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. and four of the activities that will go on each day of the Rendezvous gets underway. The paper range opens at 8 a.m. and stays open until 3 p.m. The trail walk, hawk and knife, and primitive archery ranges follow the same schedule. Hours for all these ranges remain the same on June 17, 18 and 19.

On June 20 the paper range opens at 8 a.m. and closes at noon. Hawk and knife throwing competition and primitive archery follow the same schedule on June 20.

Spectators will be able to visit the target ranges during the activities and contests, hear the blast of black powder weapons and watch mountain men throw the hawk and the knife.

There will be a public range at the Rendezvous, where visitors can purchase a target and have the opportunity to fire a black powder rifle. A hawk and knife range will also be available to the public.

Organizers from the Brotherhood of Free Trappers say they expect a much larger turnout of mountain men and families at the Rendezvous than in previous years, and indicate that a wide range of quality prizes will encourage people to participate in the contests.

A raffle will be held at the Rendezvous with the winner taking home a 16-foot teepee.

Traders Row will again be part of the Rendezvous. Participants and spectators alike will be able to browse through a wide range of items mirroring the goods traded by the mountain men in days gone by. Food will also be available on Traders Row.

A number of seminars will be held at the Rendezvous this year. Topics include the skills and crafts of the era of the mountain man, Indian sign language, fire making with flint and steel, and beading without a loom.

A council fire is scheduled for June 19, after dark. Visitors are welcome to join participants around the fire, listening to music and trading stories.

An awards ceremony ends the Rendezvous on June 20, at approximately 1 p.m.

The Rendezvous is a unique treat for spectators, who are encouraged to attend the event without charge and to partake of the special flavor of the event.

It is a short walk to the top of Reservoir Hill up Spring Street, next to the post office on Hot Springs Boulevard. Visitors are encouraged to park at the base of the hill.

Visitors who cannot make the walk up the hill to the Rendezvous can be driven to the top of Reservoir Hill, and there is a short walk on flat ground to the primitive camp. Most cars will need to be parked at locations at the base of the hill since there are few spaces available at the top of Spring Street.


Annual Fiesta honors Hispanic heritage

By Karl Isberg

The annual Pagosa Springs Spanish Fiesta honors the vital Hispanic heritage in Pagosa Country and raises funds for an important local scholarship fund.

Both purposes will be served June 18, 19 and 20 as Fiesta is celebrated at Town Park and other locations.

"Education Past, Present, and Future" is the theme of the 1999 Spanish Fiesta and activities begin on June 18 with the traditional Children's Parade on Hermosa Street, next to Town Park. The parade begins at 5 p.m., with prizes awarded to parade participants.

Fiesta royalty will take part in the Children's Parade. Spanish Fiesta Queen for 1999 is Trina Mestas and the queen's attendant is Toni Gallegos. Fiesta princess is Abbey Lucero and the princess attendant is Audrey Martinez.

A piñata party at Town Park for children and adults follows the Children's Parade.

Most Fiesta activities occur on Saturday, with the American Legion Softball tournament kicking off at 8 a.m. at the Sports Complex in South Pagosa.

The Pagosa Springs Kiwanis Club is assisting with this year's event and is organizing and sponsoring the Fiesta Grand Parade which moves through town on San Juan and Pagosa streets, from South 8th Street to 2nd Street, beginning at 10 a.m.

Grand marshals for the parade this year will be the grandparents of the Fiesta royalty as well as the youngest great-grandchild in each family. Serving as grand marshals will be Mr. and Mrs. John T. Gurule; Mr. and Mrs. John R. Martinez; Connie Chavez and Veronica Rivas; and Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Lucero Sr.

Father John Bowe of Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church will deliver a blessing at Town Park at 11:30 a.m. A full-day of music and dance entertainment begins at the gazebo will follow. Numerous local entertainers as well as dancers and singers from Colorado and New Mexico will perform. Swing and Latin dance lessons and contests will take place at the gazebo at 4:40 p.m.

Booths will be set up on the perimeter of Town Park, offering a variety of foods as well as arts and crafts.

A schedule of the Fiesta entertainment is provided in this week's Preview section. One change should be made in that schedule. The annual Fiesta dance will be held at the Parish Hall on Lewis Street at 9 p.m., rather than 8 p.m. as printed in the Preview article. Music at the dance will be provided by Latin Express, from Farmington, N.M.

On Sunday, the softball tournament winds up play with games at the Sports Complex beginning at 8 a.m. A Knights of Columbus Father's Day barbecue will follow a Mass at Town Park at 10:30 a.m.


Elledge not guilty

By Karl Isberg

A 6th Judicial District jury found a local woman, Sidelia Elledge, not guilty on the charge of possession of a controlled substance following a trial in Pagosa Springs on June 14 and 15.

The trial was conducted by District Court Judge Greg Lyman.

Elledge was arrested by officers of the Pagosa Police Department on Nov. 20, 1998. She was one of eight suspects arrested on a variety of drug-related charges on that day. Elledge was arrested on a charge of conspiracy to sell or distribute a controlled substance (cocaine).

Charges against two of the eight suspects arrested on Nov. 20 were dismissed. Three suspects entered guilty pleas to charges and one suspect was convicted by a jury in a recent trial.

One other person arrested on Nov. 20 awaits trial.

A suspect associated with the arrested parties, Jose Temez, remains at-large and is being sought by law enforcement authorities.


Lynx roam far and wide looking for new home

By John M. Motter

Looking for a new home, 36 Canadian lynx released in the southern San Juan Mountains have beaten paths across a wide area, according to Colorado Division of Wildlife reports.

Five of the lynx have died. The remaining 36 lynx have spread to the mountains north of Gunnison, east to the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, west to the Mancos area, and nearly 50 miles south of the Colorado/New Mexico border into New Mexico.

Colorado Division of Wildlife biologists track the lynx by contact with radio collars worn by each animal. The radios are detected by a specially equipped aircraft flying over the area.

Meanwhile, the body of the fifth dead lynx has been recovered near La Jara Reservoir, across the Continental Divide east of Pagosa Springs.

"We've had a necropsy performed on that animal," said Todd Malmsbury, DOW information specialist. "Like the others, it died of starvation. The cause of the starvation is not clear."

When the first lynx were released near Wagon Wheel Gap southwest of Creede during February, four of them died of starvation. DOW changed tactics. Instead of releasing the lynx as soon as they arrived in Colorado, they held the animals long enough to feed them and make sure they were in good health. They delayed the releases until a variety of native species began spring activities, including reproducing. Only one of 37 animals released since then have died.

If more than half of the released lynx survive until this coming winter, an additional 50 will be released, according to Malmsbury. If more than half die, the Colorado Wildlife Commission may decide to stop the reintroduction project.

The lynx released in Colorado were trapped in the province of British Columbia and Yukon Territories in Canada, and in Alaska.


Inside The Sun

County files on road builders' bond

By John M. Motter

Mountain Gravel, the construction firm which paved Piedra Road from its intersection with U.S. 160 north about 3.5 miles during the summer of 1997 at a cost of about $1 million, is being called to account for what County Manager Dennis Hunt describes as "not doing the job according to engineering specifications."

County Attorney Larry Holthus was instructed to file on the approximately $1 million performance bond posted by Mountain Gravel. Taking action against the bonding company will result in one of three actions, Hunt said.

First, the bonding company could tell Mountain Gravel to fix the problem. Second, the bonding company could have another contractor complete the job.

"The third possibility is the most likely," Hunt said. "We could go into litigation with the bonding company and Mountain Gravel."

The county has never accepted the work performed by Mountain Gravel because it was not completed according to the project's engineering standards, according to Hunt.

"The asphalt never met specifications," Hunt said.

Mountain Gravel officials say they did the work according to engineering specifications and refuses to do more, Hunt added.

By consensus, the commissioners approved a public transportation plan submitted and developed by Leann Deal, the senior services coordinator. Transportation of local citizens is to begin July 6. The public will be charged 50 cents for each ride. Ticket books containing 30 tickets, at a price of 40 cents each, will be available.

The bus route will be traversed between 6:30 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. and includes 10 stops each day at each location. Stops will be designated with signs and red curb when possible. The tentative stops are: Stop 1 - U.S. 160 and 1st Street; Stop 2 - 6th Street in front of Archuleta Housing; Stop 3 - Rio Grande Savings & Loan; Stop 4 - Pagosa Springs City Market; Stop 5 - Lakeview Estates Apartments; Stop 6 - Bonanza Boulevard mailboxes at Vista Subdivision; Stop 7 - Deer Trail; Stop 8 - Turkey Springs Trading Post; Stop 9 - Aspen Springs Realty; Stop 10 - Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center; Stop 11 - Country Center City Market (Fairfield Pagosa); Stop 12 - Rockridge/Ace Hardware/Great West Ave.; Stop 13 - Durango Street; Stop 14 - U.S. 160 in front of the county courthouse.

In other business Tuesday:

- The commissioners have been advertising for an additional member for the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission. The commissioners decided to hire from existing applicant lists, and to add the names of new applicants at the bottom of the list.

- The commissioners approved the expenditure of $5,000 to pay contractor Bechtolt Engineering to conduct speed limit studies on various arterial roads in the county. The engineering firm has equipment for making the study that the county does not own. While all arterial roads will be studied, the county will start with Piedra Road, North and South Pagosa boulevards, Lake Forest Circle, Lower Blanco Road, and proceed to the others.

- The commissioners were informed of a problem with an early Pagosa Lakes property owners decision to repair only portions of roads leading to or in front of existing homes. Repairing only a portion of the road is leading to discontinuity in the drainage system and some areas are not draining. The PLPOA has changed their approach and has decided to repair whole systems at a cost of an additional $80,000. The money being spent under this program comes from the Fairfield Properties Inc. bankruptcy settlement agreement, but is part of the $1.2 million awarded the PLPOA and not the $6.5 million with which the county is involved.

- Temporary permits were approved for a retail liquor license and a 3.2 beer license for the Arboles Store.

- Approval was given to restore vegetation on property along Piedra Road where county road crews cut trees and bushes outside of the road right of way. PLPOA environmental officer Larry Lynch presented a plan for repairing the damage. The county agreed to foot the costs and help with the project, which should begin in September.


Planning commission looks at Elk Park

By John M. Motter

A preliminary plat for a 337-acre residential subdivision called Elk Park was reviewed by the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission Wednesday of last week. In another action, the planning commission approved a letter to the county commissioners concerning planned unit development regulations. The letter says, "if it ain't broke, don't fix it."

Preliminary plans for Timbered Canyon LLC's Elk Park Meadows subdivision were presented by Bill Whitbred, one of the principals in the project. The project calls for 65 single-family lots averaging 5.18 acres each. Also included in the development, but not part of the subdivision, are 18 parcels to be 35-plus acres in size. The proposed development is located on the north side of U.S. 160 about 9 miles west of Pagosa Springs and across the highway from Happy Camper Campground.

Water is to be provided by the Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District. Sewage treatment methods have not been determined, but will likely be provided through lagoons or other individual sewage-treatment processes.

Several people living along U.S. 160 in the vicinity of the development voiced concerns about sewage from so many individual treatment facilities leaching down the mountain onto their properties and into Stollsteimer Creek. Concern for traffic safety along that stretch of U.S. 160 was also voiced. The developer contemplates two high ingress/egress points.

"In my opinion, Highway 160 between Turkey Springs and Martinez Creek is the most dangerous section of highway in the county," said Chris Chavez, a former county commissioner who owns property in the area.

Turnout lanes are likely, Whitbred said. In addition, deed restrictions will restrict development to single-family residences. Deed restrictions will also prohibit purchasers of 35-acre and larger parcels from further subdividing, Whitbred said.

The smaller lots are all located along the highway. The 35-acre and up parcels are located on top of the mesas behind the smaller parcels. A single road reaches the upper area.

Protesters also voiced concern about fire danger, traffic noise and wildlife migration.

Review PUD regs

Concerning PUD regulations, the county commissioners have asked the planning commission to review recently-adopted PUD regulations with the idea of making revisions and of adding minor PUD regulations. The minor PUD regulations would apply to developments less complex than those addressed by the existing PUD regulations. They would ostensibly decrease the amount of time required from the inception of a development to its completion by simplifying the paper work and review process.

As a rationale, the planning commission evaluated 30 requests for variances from PUD regulations. Of those 30 requests made to the county commissioners, 27 were granted. According to the planning commission, most of the variances granted were for grandfathered projects launched before the PUD regulations were adopted. The most frequent variance request was to skip the preliminary plan review, thereby saving time for the developer.

Because the county commissioner granted 27 of the 30 requests, the planning commission feels that no change in the regulations will fix a problem. They feel the regulations are working as planned.

Questions, suggestions

The planning commission developed the following questions for the commissioners. If a minor impact PUD process existed, it might eliminate some variances, but would it also lead to more litigation? What is wrong with granting variances under the existing system? Would the cost of impact studies to create minor impact PUD regulations outweigh the benefits?

A recommendation was made by the planning commission that the commissioners hire a consultant to read the regulations and recommend changes, rather than starting over.

Finally, the planning commission recommended that minor impact PUD regulations are not needed.

In other business June 9, the planning commission:

- Listened to an owner's proposal to combine two improperly subdivided parcels containing about 10 acres and located just west of Catchpole Drive and approximately 1.3 miles from the junction of U.S. 84 and Catchpole Drive. This item was on the agenda for public comment.

- After some discussion, tabled a sketch plan review of South Face, a minor impact subdivision located on an access easement into the Rocky Mountain Wildlife Park about one-half mile from U.S. 84.

- Listened to a sketch plan for Fairfield Communities Inc.'s Peregrine Timeshare Townhouse PUD Phase 7 and 8 presented by Richard Gustafson. The proposal consists of 12 timeshare buildings, each containing two single-level townhouse units. No planning commission action is authorized during the sketch plan phase.

- Approved a request for exemption from subdivision regulations allowing the Don English family to split a 15-acre parcel separated from the remaining 479 acres by U.S. 84 approximately one-half mile south of the junction of U.S. 84 and Navajo River Road.

- Approved the final plat for a minor impact subdivision allowing the separation of two land parcels divided by County Road 335. The property is located approximately 3.7 miles west of the junction of County Road 335 and U.S. 84.


Planner is fifth-generation native of Pagosa

By John M. Motter

Robert F. "Bob" Lynch, appointed to the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission in July 1998, is a rarity in Pagosa Springs. Lynch is a fifth-generation native. No one, unless a Native American, can claim a longer Pagosa Country heritage.

Lynch was born in Pagosa Springs in 1954 to Doug and Mamie Lynch. After graduating from Pagosa Springs High School in 1973, Lynch attended Fort Lewis College in Durango. There he majored in psychology and football. He started four years as a defensive back for the Skyhawks football team, being named to the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference all-conference team his final season.

After earning a BA in psychology from Fort Lewis, Lynch enrolled in Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa. There he earned an MA in behavior analysis, focusing on youth and juvenile issues.

Following completion of college, in 1982 Lynch moved to Atlanta, Ga., where he was employed by the Fran Tarkenton Consulting Firm as a management consultant. During 1992, with partner Tom Werner, Lynch formed Qualteam, a management consulting firm owned by the partnership. Together they have written three books on management principles. The team travels the nation and the world, providing management guidance.

While home in Pagosa Springs for a 10-year class reunion, Lynch began dating Livia Cloman, a hometown girl that he had "eyes for since about the first grade." After graduating from Pagosa Springs High School, Livia studied until she received a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Washington State University. The couple married in 1984.

Livia has taught at several universities, but currently serves as marketing director for Qualteam. In addition, she helps raise the couple's children, Jessie, 10, and Mesa, 3.

Bob and Livia share a hobby; raising cattle on their family's Piedra Road ranch.

With so much to do, why is Lynch willing to devote time to the planning commission?

"I moved home to be involved," Lynch said. "I care about my hometown. The planning commission is a good place to learn the issues and contribute to the community."

What principles guide Lynch when it comes to making a decision on the planning commission?

"Right now we're spending more time managing the regulations than we are planning for the future," Lynch said. "We need more planning, to develop a better idea of where the public wants this place to go.

"People are uncomfortable with growth," Lynch said, "but I think we have to be careful not to move too quickly. I think we should identify our problems and goals, then debate solutions. There are many more creative answers available than zoning or no zoning."

The Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission is a voluntary advisory board appointed by the county commissioners. The board reviews applications for subdivisions, planned unit developments and other land-development proposals requiring county approval.


PLPOA approves another new PSO vehicle

By Roy Starling

In their monthly meeting last Thursday, the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association directors approved the purchase of a new vehicle for Public Safety, adopted a new sponsored-group policy and appointed a director to fill Roy Boutwell's slot.

The board voted unanimously to appoint Jim Carson as its newest member.

Director and Public Safety committee chairman Pat Curtis told the board that "some of the poor handling of our vehicles in the past has come to the forefront." A '92 Ford Explorer with over 70,000 miles "needs to be dumped," he said.

Curtis said the department's Isuzu is also showing signs of wear and tear and will be designated for use by the office of Covenant Compliance.

"The bottom line," Curtis said, "is that Public Safety needs to purchase another vehicle and to upgrade radar equipment on some of the others." The Public Safety committee had earlier voted unanimously to ask the board to take $50,000 out of reserve for this purpose.

Director John Nelson argued that "this request should be handled through the budget process. Poor maintenance is an internal problem, and you don't fix it by buying yet another vehicle. To do that is to reward inappropriate procedures."

After a brief discussion, however, the board approved the motion, made by Director Judy Esterly, to "allot up to $50,000 from reserves to purchase the new vehicle and new radar equipment." The vote was 5-2, with Nelson and Carson dissenting.

The vehicle will be a '99 Chevy Tahoe, the same model as the new vehicle the association purchased last month.

Director Nelson also submitted for the board's approval a new definition of sponsored groups and outlined the responsibilities of both the groups and their sponsors when using the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. Nelson presented the material on behalf of the Recreational Amenities Committee.

According to the revised definition, a sponsored group is "any group of people consisting of 50 persons or less, of which 75 percent are property owners and members in good standing with the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association, who have a sponsor who will be responsible for the group."

This revision differs in two significant ways from an earlier definition included in PLPOA Resolution 98-27, establishing definitions, user rules and regulations for the clubhouse. First, the earlier version required only a majority of the group to be "property owners . . . who have received the approval of the board of directors." Second, it contained the following clause, deleted from the revision: "By agreement the individuals in this group volunteer to assist PLPOA staff in preparing large mailings when needed."

That deleted clause troubled PLPOA President Nan Rowe. "Without that agreement, the staff will be doing the mailing. Even with some volunteers that we bribed with food, we got only about 10,000 newsletters mailed last Thursday - about two thirds of the total. We didn't finish until Monday."

There were also some concerns expressed at Thursday's meeting about how members of sponsored groups could be identified as property owners. "I'm afraid it's virtually unenforceable," Rowe said.

Director Fred Ebeling moved that the board accept Nelson's report, and the motion passed 4-3, with Rowe, Curtis and Esterly opposing it.


Better late than never

It's easy to agree with the introductory statement John Motter used to introduce his page 1 report on the recent telephone survey that addressed growth issues in Archuleta County. Yes, growth is the most important issue facing Archuleta County.

Growth was the most important issue facing Archuleta County 25 years ago.

"Plat filing suspended" was a featured page 1 headline in the July 18, 1974 edition of the SUN.

The accompanying article stated, "No more subdivisions, or subdivision regulation variance requests, will be considered by the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission until a professional planner is obtained. . . . This in effect means that insofar as the planning commission is concerned, there will be no more variances, no more subdivision approval, and no more development plats will be approved. This could halt all development of that type until a planner is obtained."

It was a good idea that never became a reality.

As reported in last week's edition of the SUN, the county plans to have a professional planner, or "director of community development" on its staff by Monday. His job responsibilities will include developing long-range planning principles and supervising the county's building and planning departments.

It's likewise easy to agree with Commissioner Ken Fox's statement that appears on page 1, it will be interesting to see the response now that the results of the phone survey on growth-related issues has been made public.

David C. Mitchell

Dear Folks
By David C. Mitchell

Staying afloat in life's 'real world'

Dear Folks,

Jackie Goodard's e-mail added to the enjoyment of the week..

The name Goodard was unfamiliar. But when she mentioned her brother, Luke, and the class of 1980, the name Alexander came to mind.

Jackie Alexander was one of my seventh graders 25 years ago. So we are both somewhat older than we used to be.

I'm thankful to learn that "things have gone well" for her since graduation.

It was interesting to learn that students and teachers sometimes think along the same line. I never realized students wondered how they "would survive in the real world."

With their innate attitude of being indestructible and the assurance of being in total control of the world, I wasn't sure teenagers believed in the existence of a "real world" - much less worry about whether they would survive in such a place.

I always thought teachers were the only ones who wondered if they were sufficiently preparing their students for what awaited them once the graduation ceremony ended and the caps and gowns returned.

It's satisfying to know Jackie considers the lessons she learned at Pagosa Springs High School as being worthwhile.

It's always encouraging to learn about a PSHS graduate enjoying a productive satisfying life. So the May 13 edition of The Santa Fe New Mexican and the article on page 1 of its "Outdoors" section caught my attention.

Playing the role of a true Pirate, 1984 PSHS grad Jim White is shown in a colorful five-column photo rowing a skiff across the waters of La Jara Lake on the Jicarilla Apache tribal lands at Dulce, N.M.

Jim has parlayed his love for fishing, rafting and kayaking into his present position as the Jicarilla Game and Fish Department's only fishery biologist.

This enables Jim to utilize the biology-business degree he earned at Fort Lewis College and the MA he received in fishery biology from Northern Arizona University.

Combining his education with his experiences on a commercial fishing trawler in the Bering Strait and conducting endangered species studies in the waters of the Grand Canyon and San Juan River, Jim is repsonsible for seeing that the tribe's five sportfishing lakes are stocked, treated, aerated, tested, surveyed and managed properly.

As the headline to the article stated, Jim's a "One-Man Show on the Jicarilla." The job cuts into his own fishing, boating and his many other outdoor pursuits, but after all, that's the "real world."

Know you are loved and please keep us in your prayers.



By Shari Pierce

Buckskin Charlie of the Southern Utes

Buckskin Charlie, a Southern Ute chieftain, is both a part of our county's history and our town's new mural. His obituary lists his age at his death as 100 years; the Southern Ute Tribe website gives his age as 96 years. Either way, Buckskin Charlie influenced the Southern Ute Tribe as their leader for many years. He was the last hereditary chief of the tribe that served until his death. His son, Antonio Buck, followed him as a hereditary chief of the tribe. However, because of the Indian Reorganization Act which was passed in 1934, the tribe established a Tribal Council and Antonio Buck was then elected to head the tribe.

Buckskin Charlie was a member of the Mouache band of Ute Indians which lived along the Eastern Slopes of the Rockies, from Denver south to near Las Vegas, N.M. With the coming of Europeans, a series of treaties were signed with the Utes, the first being at Abiquiu, N.M., in 1849. Eventually over the next three decades a series of treaties were signed with various bands of Utes leading to the 1877 establishment of the Southern Ute Agency at Ignacio which would serve the Capote, Mouache and Weeminuche bands.

The editor of the Dolores Star was well acquainted with Buckskin Charlie. The obituary he ran in his newspaper after Buckskin's death on May 8, 1936, was reprinted in The Pagosa Springs SUN. The following bits about Buckskin Charlie's life were taken from that obituary.

"Buckskin Charley ranked with Chieftains Ouray and Ignacio as leaders among his people and was a great speaker, in his own native tongue. He could hold his people at close attention for hours at a time when the tribe gathered for ceremonial and special occasions.

"The Star editor has been at Buckskin's place on Pine River on many occasions and it has been our pleasure to hear him tell of his life on the plains when Indians were mostly on the war path. Buckskin's early home was on the Cimarron in New Mexico. It was there as a youngster he hunted deer, elk and buffalo, shooting them from horseback with bow and arrow. He told of being at Pueblo when there was 'no Pueblo,' of being at Denver when there was 'no Denver,' but had little to say about his fighting escapades. He was not a man to boast and what he told was in a matter-of-fact way.

"Buckskin was an ally of Kit Carson and he and his warriors aided that famous scout in subduing some of the untamed tribes.

"Buckskin Charley was honest and honorable in all his dealings. He was absolutely a man of his word and a great influence for good among his people."


25 years ago

More shots fired at town officer

Taken from SUN files of June 20, 1974

For the second time in less than seven months, a town police car and officer were fired upon. The shooting took place shortly after 1 a.m. Wednesday when police Chief Leonard Gallegos was fired at while in Town Hall. Gallegos was in his office when a shot was fired, penetrating the door and into the police department office. It missed Gallegos by about five feet. The second shot hit the police car that was parked in front of the door to Gallegos' office.

A hot air balloon will be one of the extra attractions at the Red Ryder Roundup this year. The large, nearly seven stories tall balloon will be flying from the rodeo grounds on July 4 and 5. The balloon will be piloted by Doug March of Albuquerque.

Modesto Montoya, town water commissioner, reports that water consumption in the town water system has reached a record high in the history of the town. At the present time the system is delivering one and one-half million gallons of water daily, he said. This includes slightly over one quarter million gallons per day to the Archuleta Water Company.

Hot weather has arrived in this area. The maximum temperature this past week went to at least 80 degrees. The high for the week was 88 degrees.


Community News

Local Chatter
By Kate Terry

Kate offers a few chocolate recipes

For those who like chocolate, here are a few recipes.

Some are a little different , and you might get some use from them. At least you can read them and think about doing so. After all, some people get a "chocolate fix" just from reading the recipes.

Chocolate sandwiches

Ingredients: 1/2 pound sweet chocolate; 4 tablespoons butter; 1 cup nuts, chopped fine; butter thins or bread.

Directions: melt butter and chocolate together, stirring all the while, and pour in nuts. When it has cooled and become firm, spread liberally between "butter thins" or very thin slices of buttered bread.

Chocolate French toast

Ingredients: 3 eggs; 1 cup milk; 1 teaspoon sugar; 1 teaspoon vanilla; 1/4 teaspoon salt; 12 slices day-old bread, crusts removed; plain Hershey bars, halved; 2 tablespoons butter; confectioners sugar.

Directions: in a bowl, beat eggs, milk, sugar, vanilla and salt. Pour half into an ungreased 13x9x2 baking dish. Arrange six slices of bread in a single layer over egg mixture. Place piece of chocolate on each slice of bread. Top with remaining bread, pour remaining egg mixture over slices. Let stand 5 minutes. Melt butter in a large nonstick skillet on medium heat, and then fry sandwiches to a golden brown on both sides. Dust with the sugar and cut diagonally. Serve warm. (6 servings)

Viennese thickened chocolate

This is the famous drinking chocolate, as served in the city of Vienna ( from the 1924 Unity Inn Cookbook).

Ingredients: 4 squares of rich, unsweetened chocolate; 1 cup sugar; 1 1/2 pints milk; 1 teaspoon cornstarch.

Directions: Scrape and dissolve chocolate. Place in a double boiler and add sugar and pint of milk. Heat to boiling point and stir in cornstarch mixed with the rest of the milk.

Chocolate mocha filling

Ingredients: 2 tablespoons coffee; 1 tablespoon melted butter; 2 cups or more powdered sugar; 2 tablespoons cream; 2 tablespoons cocoa or 1 square melted chocolate.

Directions: mix cream, coffee, butter and chocolate, then add enough sugar to make a creamy mixture.

Chocolate frosting

Add 4 tablespoons cocoa to 1 1/2 cups confectioner's sugar, moisten with boiling water and flavor with vanilla.

Chocolate dessert cups

Melt 1 6-ounce package of chocolate bits and 2 tablespoons margarine over hot water, stirring until smooth. Place paper baking cups in muffin tins. Swirl chocolate mixture around inside of cups with a teaspoon, covering entire surface with a thin layer of chocolate. Chill until firm. Tear off paper, fill cups with ice cream or custard, or any favorite filling.

Orange meringue pie

This used to be one of my favorite desserts. It takes an hour and a half to make ( and if anyone can make it quicker, good for you!). And it is runny, like a custard. In spite of these negatives, it is delicious, and is better the second day. I have felt it worth the effort. Hope you do.

Ingredients: 1 cup sugar; 5 tablespoons corn starch; 1/4 teaspoon salt; 1 tablespoon orange peel, grated; 6 tablespoons sugar; 2 cups orange juice (fresh or frozen); 3 egg yolks; 1 tablespoon butter; 2 tablespoons lemon juice; 3 egg whites.

Directions: mix sugar, corn starch, salt and grated peel in top of double boiler. Add orange juice and cook over boiling water about 15 minutes or until thickened, stirring frequently. Stir in beaten egg yolks and cook two minutes. Remove from heat, add butter and lemon juice. Let cool slightly then pour into baked pie shell (or tart shell).

Cover with meringue made by beating three egg whites until frothy and gradually beating in six tablespoons of sugar. Place in moderate oven, 325 degrees F, 12 minutes or until delicately browned.

Rich chocolate crust

Ingredients: 1/4 pound (package) sweet chocolate; 14 graham crackers (1 1/4 cups finely crushed); 3 tablespoons sugar; 1/3 cu. hot melted butter.

Directions: chop or grate chocolate fine, reserving two tablespoons for garnishing finished pie. Add crushed crackers and sugar, and mix thoroughly. Then add butter and mix. Pack on bottom and sides of a nine-inch pie plate, make edge as possible, and bake 324 degrees 12 minutes. Cool.

From Ima Gurl's "Off the Backburner" is this recipe for iced coffee to go with that chocolate.

Make coffee twice as strong, pour over ice. Hot coffee may be safely poured over ice into glasses filled with ice. Regular brew coffee make great ice cubes (or do this with tea, for iced tea).

Chamber News
By Sally Hameister

Remember Fiesta this weekend

Wowsers, how I do love to begin my week by introducing five new members to our Chamber family. Life is good.

Mark and Angie Dahm join us with WolfTracks Bookstore and Coffee Company located at 63 North Pagosa Boulevard, Suite B-3. WolfTracks offers a great selection of new books, espresso drinks, specialty coffees, fruit smoothies, baked goods and breakfast and light lunch selections. You can take out or enjoy the comfortable seating inside or on their outside patio. Mark and Angie invite you to browse their book selection of new fiction and nonfiction, as well as regional Southwest, travel, children's books and much, much more. You can reach them by phone at 731-6020. Thanks to Andy Donlon for recruiting the Dahms. Andy can look forward to receiving a free SunDowner as a result of his efforts for us. Remember that you too can receive a free SunDowner when your name appears on the "Recruited by" portion of the completed membership form. We dearly love it when you become a part of our Chamber enlistment team and invite you to do so.

Anco Southwest Insurance Services, Inc. joins us next with Rhonda Greer at the helm, and these good folks are located at 2147 U.S. 160 west, Suite A. Anco is an independent insurance agency providing a competitive product with friendly and knowledgeable service for all your homeowner, auto and commercial insurance needs. They invite you to give them a call to learn more about their numerous services at 731-1000. Welcome to our world, Rhonda.

James (Buz) Gillentine brings us Silver Lining Productions located at 468 Pagosa Street right here in town. He has a most unique business-he deals in sales for a specialized printing process done in England. I'm intrigued with Silver Lining Productions and happy to add to our roster one that speaks to the ever-growing diversity of our Chamber members. You can give Buz a call at 264-6133.

We are doubly delighted to welcome Jessica Simpson as both a member and new Diplomat. She's getting a double dose of the Chamber and, wonder of wonders, seems to be enjoying it. Jessica brings us her at-home business, Simpson Designs, providing extensive education, knowledge and experience in Interior Design to a wide variety of clientele. Jessica specializes in selections of window treatments, fabrics and furnishings for both new constructions or remodels. If you could use some help on fresh, spring look for your abode, give Jessica a call at 731-0444. Our gratitude as well as your Diplomat work at the Visitor Center, Jessica.

Last but never, ever least we welcome David L. Dunn as our newest Associate Member. David is member number 618, Morna tells me, and welcome as he can be.

Grand opening

Members Rick and Jody Unger are proud to announce the grand opening of Copper Coin Liquors located on the west side of the downtown area on the north side of U.S. 160. We've all watched the renovations taking place over the past couple of months, and the Ungers are anxious to share what they've done with the community. The grand opening will take place from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. on Saturday, June 19. KWUF will be there with a live remote, and you will save 10 percent on any purchase you make all day long. Meats and cheeses from all over the world have been added to the inventory at Copper Coin, and some of those tasty items will be available to you at the aforementioned discount. Naturally, all the wines, beers and other libations will all be there as well. Congratulations to Rick and Jody on completion of their splendid renovation.

Sundowner time

June is flying by like a tornado, and it's already time for our monthly get-together. Colorado Dream Homes is our host this month and historically you can count on the Browns to give one whale of a party. You won't want to miss this one, I assure you. Colorado Dream Homes is located at 2283 U.S. 160 west, on the north side of Put Hill. Everyone is invited to this soiree, and, as always, $5 at the door will allow you to enjoy two hours of great food, various and sundry libations and, best of all, fun and frolic with fellow Chamber members. You just can't beat that for a deal. You will also have the opportunity to take a chance on becoming one of the guests on KWUF's "Good Morning Pagosa!" Wednesday morning Chamber shows. You could win "Five Minutes of Fame" and spend some time with Don Stubbs and me just chatting about anything and everything. We always have a great time and invite you to join us for this month's SunDowner at Colorado Dream Homes.

New fiber outlet

Chamber members, Doug and Jamie Sharp, longtime breeders of national award-winning llamas, are opening Fibers, a ranch store and studio featuring llama, alpaca, sheep's wool and other wonderful animal fibers. Raw fleece, prepared roving and spun yam will be featured as well as the equipment to prepare and spin all fibers. Jamie will regularly offer classes in spinning. Jamie also plans on providing a forum for regional fiber artists to present their unique methods and artwork to area residents and visitors. Another Chamber member, Suzy Belt, of Echo Mountain Alpacas, will assist Jamie in operation Fibers and they hope to encourage people to discover the treasure of making something with their own hands or, for those who already create, to consider llama or alpaca for their next project. Additionally, these women plan to create a spinning guild for spinners. The Grand Opening of Fibers will be held at Firefly Ranch on June 26 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. You are invited to tour the store, watch spinning demonstrations, llamas and alpacas 101, and to exchange ideas on what classes are of interest to people. Jamie and Suzy look forward to talking with you, so give them a call at 264-6616 for directions, store hours and class information.

Thanks again, Harold

Harold Slavinsky, longtime friend and member of the Chamber of Commerce, has once again contributed his considerable talent to us, and we are eternally grateful. Since we seem to be busting our seams here at the Visitor Center, we needed more cardholders for our panels, and Harold came to the rescue once again. We now have two more shelves for business cards contributed, built and stained by Harold, and we once again thank him for his generosity and time. The Visitor Center is somewhat of a museum for Harold's lovely woodwork and will probably be around long after most of us have departed this particular planet. Be sure and notice his work the next time you come to see us and mention it to him when you see him.

Spanish Fiesta

Don't forget to come out and celebrate the Spanish Fiesta this weekend, June 18 and 19, at locations all over town. This wonderful event is a celebration of Pagosa's rich Spanish history and a fun way to raise money each year for deserving graduates of Pagosa Springs High School to assist them in postgraduate and continuing education. This year's lineup includes the annual Children's Parade and Pinata Party which will make its way down Hermosa Street from Town Park beginning at 5:30 p.m. on Friday. Saturday kicks off with the Grand Parade down Main Street at 10:00 a.m. followed by dance and musical entertainment and arts, crafts and food booths set up around the perimeter of Town Park. The Fiesta Dance will be held Saturday evening from 8 p.m. until midnight. For more information, contact the Spanish Fiesta Club at 264-2970 or 264-4791. I'll be there on Saturday morning judging the parade and hope you will all join in the fun.


Pagosa Lakes
By Ming Steen

Golfers compete for $5,000 prize in Dorman Memorial Golf Tourney

Big news for golfers. The Pagosa Springs Rotary Club's Chuck Dorman Memorial Golf Tournament, scheduled for Saturday, June 26, is stirring up some big interest. Don't be left out when local and neighboring golfers compete for the $5,000 hole-in-one prize. Here's the skinny: a shotgun start for the men's and women's flight will start the $3,500 purse tournament at 9 a.m. (purse based on a minimum of 100 golfers entering tournament). The $40 entry fee and $25 green fees will provide a golf cart for each two-some and lunch for each golfer. A certified handicap will be required on or before the June 22 entry deadline. Prize will include two $5,000 hole-in-one competitions. A $300 minimum prize per flight will be awarded to three winners each flight (three men and two women). Golfers may register for the tournament at Pagosa Springs Golf Club or by phoning the pro shop at 731-4755.

The generous donation of hole sponsors for this golf tournament make it possible for the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club to hold this major fund raiser annually. A huge portion of the money raised supports the Rotary Scholarship Trust fund.

The Pagosa Springs Rotary Club awarded its first scholarship to a Pagosa Springs High School graduate in June 1982. To date, the club has awarded $100,500 in scholarships to 62 graduates of Pagosa Springs High School. Each year the club awards one $6,000, four-year scholarship; one $4,000, four-year scholarship' and two $1,000, one-year scholarships. For the first time this year one additional vocational scholarship of $1,500 was awarded. In total, $13,500 is awarded annually.

This year's recipients of the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club Scholarship Awards are: Tranell Ross, $6,000 scholarship to be awarded over eight semesters; Angelica Fatur, $4,000 to be awarded over eight semesters; T Jay Carter, $1,000; Nicolle Sellers, $1,000 and Chris Tressler, $1,500 vocational/technical scholarship.

In 1990, in order to create a perpetual source of funds for the above scholarship awards, the club created the Pagosa Springs Rotary Club Scholarship Trust. The principal of the trust is not to be spent but instead it is invested in government insured instruments. This trust is administered by three trustees. The earnings of the trust must be spent each year for scholarships awarded to graduates of Pagosa Springs High School.

The Pagosa Springs Rotary Club has established a goal of having $200,000 in its Scholarship Trust Fund by the end of the year 2000. The Club now has $147,500 in the trust. Individual Rotarians are donating money to the trust, in addition to working very hard at raising money for the trust through the annual golf tournament, the Winterfest follies and a number of other events.

The annual Pagosa Lakes children's fishing derby last Friday was a beautiful opportunity for young anglers to test their skill in local Lake Hatcher. Nice, sunny weather made the derby an extra-pleasant family outing. The largest fish caught, a 13 1/2-inch trout, was landed by 7-year-old Zach Ator. The 7-year-olds were really hot. Julia Nell and Seth Rizzo, both also 7, tied for second place by landing a 12 1/2-inch trout each.

A total of 38 young anglers participated in the derby, while parents and grandparents were present to "coach," help bait hooks and share in a lunch of all-beef hot dogs (fish franks weren't available at the local grocery store).


Senior News
By Thelma Risinger

Lots of folks enjoy Picnic in the Park

Hello everybody.

If you missed the Picnic in the Park last Friday, you missed a lot of fun. The weather was good and the food delicious. Fellowship was the greatest. The mayor, Ross Aragon, seemed to enjoy it and had good news about the community building funds. Thanks for coming, Ross. The community really turned out. Every picnic table in the park had full capacity.

Volunteers on Wednesday were Teresa Diestlekamp, Kathy Perry, Lena Bowden and Kurt Killion. There is plenty of tender, loving care at El Centro with the volunteers. They catch you when you fall or before you fall. We are like a family over here.

Mike Dake has promised to sing at El Centro soon for senior citizens. Mike liked the picnic.

The bus will pick up seniors on Monday mornings for their swim at Pagosa Lodge if enough seniors sign up to go.

The senior bus travels to Durango each Tuesday morning (9 a.m.) returning late afternoon. The bus fare is $6 round trip for seniors, $7.50 for others.

I was told by the mayor that the builders fund has $75,000 on hand toward the new community building. Isn't that wonderful?

Roby Fox is "Senior of the Week" out here at El Centro starting Monday 14. Roby is a beautiful lady from Arizona. She and her husband Jim spend their summers here. Part of their family lives here. Welcome to the Foxes.

It was nice hearing from Evelyn Anderson Anton. It has been many years since I saw Evelyn. She is from a pioneer family. Evelyn is a sister of Lloyd Jr., Franklin Anderson and Myrtle Anderson Snow. Evelyn has subscribed to the Pagosa SUN all these years and recognizes a few names of long ago. Evelyn's parents were Goldie Hotz and Lloyd Anderson, a government trapper. Evelyn now lives in Oregon.

There was a nice crowd at El Centro June 14.

See you at El Centro at noon.



Library News
by Lenore Bright

Summer reading keeps minds fresh

This week marks the beginning of our annual summer reading program for children of all ages. We wish to thank Friends of the Library Lynn DeLange, Norwest Bank and Vectra Bank for sponsoring this important event. It will run for six weeks with contests and prizes for all who participate. A preschool story time is planned for Fridays at 11 a.m. Children sign a contract telling how many books they will read during the six weeks.

Make summer count

According to an article in Newsweek, "June, July and August are the Bermuda Triangle of Learning: thoughts vanish, never to return." Teachers find that if a child doesn't open a book during the summer months, they are at a definite disadvantage come September.

Make reading fun; let them read anything at their age level and above. The article suggests using the five finger test. If a child reads 100 words and there are five words they can't read, the book is too hard. But be sure they are challenged. We have many new books thanks to our sponsors.

Book lists

We can also provide book lists for all ages to help parents make suggestions. We also recommend certain authors and have sign up sheets for the Archuleta County Fair Summer Reading Program.

Summer arts camp

The second session begins next week. Space is limited and tuition is $75. Call Tessie Garcia at 264-4620 for more information. This popular program is aimed at children who love art and can't get enough of it, and those who want to learn more in a creative supportive setting. Thanks Tessie, and the Pagosa Springs Arts Council, for an excellent summer activity.

Navajo Lake

Our friend Jean Hughes is back at the Navajo Lake campground. She faxed over a list of activities, which we've posted on the bulletin board. There are many exciting things to do as well as check out at the wildlife viewing. Take advantage of all the highlights in our area when company comes to visit.

Crow Canyon

We're fortunate to have so many archaeological activities in our region. Crow Canyon Center offers a one-day tour of an excavation site with lunch and hands-on activity. The cost is $50 for adults, and $25 for children under 18. Ask for more information at the desk.

We also have information about a benefit concert at the Fort Lewis College Concert Hall on Thursday, July 22, featuring the renowned R. Carlos Nakai Quartet.

Special film

Join us tomorrow night, June 18, to enjoy a special screening of the movie, "Picnic at Hanging Rock" at 6:30 p.m. at the Parish Hall. John Graves produced the 1975 award-winning film. He will give some background about its production, and after the movie we will explore the possibility of starting an ongoing group to view and discuss a different feature film each month. There is a $3 admission fee.

This movie was directed by Peter Weir who also directed "The Truman Show," "Dead Poets Society," "Green Card" and "Witness."

Distance learning

We continue to get information about universities that provide on-line degrees. This trend is growing with the theme of "learning is a process, not a place."

According to the June 11 edition of Educause, fourteen research universities are collaborating to provide a central Internet site listing their distance learning course. Some of those participating include Massachusetts Institute of Technology; New York University; University of California at Berkeley; and the University of Texas. Many more will be joining, and degrees will be available "on-line."

Oprah's book club

"White Oleander," by Janet Fitch is the latest title. We are grateful to the American Library association and Ms. Winfrey for the donation of the books.


Thanks to M'Liss Arnold for her gift to the book fund. Thanks for materials to Dr. E.O. Jones, Lorraine Raymond, Evelyn Kantas, Kate Lister, Robert Bundren, Cathy Dodt-Ellis, Mr. and Mrs. R.D. Copley, Merilyn Moorhead, Sandy Martin, James Corboy, David Hicks, Lisa Flaugh, Lisa Scott, Drue Hartong, Carol Fulenwider, Shaymala Schmidt, Warren Bowland, Toni Logan, Paul and Barbara Draper, Lolita Manring and Chuck Walters.

Arts Line
By Jennifer Galesic

A week left of shard exhibit

Picture this! You break one of your favorite plates, you know the one, with the fancy designs. You're gathering the bits and pieces, when it occurs to you, this would make a great table top or flower pot. Strangely, your thoughts suddenly turn to Leann Rimes. . . wouldn't it be cool if somebody did a painting of her?

You're in luck, because currently showing at the PSAC gallery in Town Park is "Hannah and her Shard Sisters."

The fun kicked off on June 10 and will continue through June 23. The featured artists are Hannah Kraus, Laura Winzeler and Jan Parrish. These three lovely ladies have put together a display of simply smashing pique assiette, mosaic shard art and beautiful acrylic flower paintings and portraits.

There's just one week left, so stop in soon.

Coming soon

The upcoming exhibit at the gallery is sure to be a showstopper, as Carol Fulenwider (also known as Denny Rose) and Virginia Bartlett present "Denny 'n Ginnie and the Gang."

This exciting display will include Denny's and Ginnie's own masterpieces, as well as the paintings of 14 of their very talented students. All of the work in the show is created with watercolor, oil and mixed media.

Students participating in the show are Sandy Applegate, Patti Aragon, Marilyn Bunch, Janie Bynum, Pat Fregia, Doris Green, Victoria Kaiser Kimble, Anita King, Barbara Lincoln, Mary Ann Limmer, Annie Ryder, Mary Jo Smith, Cate Smock and Inge Tinklenberg.

Don't miss the opening reception for this exhibit, on June 23, from 5 to 7 p.m. at the PSAC gallery in town park. I've heard this one's going to be grand, with live music, tents, food, and lots of gorgeous artwork to ogle and admire.

Film society

You are cordially invited to attend a special screening of Peter Weir's "Picnic at Hanging Rock." The engagement will take place on June 18 (tomorrow) at 6:30 p.m. in the Parish Hall, located at 451 Lewis Street, and is sponsored by the Friends of the Library.

Pagosa resident John Graves was an executive producer of this award-winning Australian feature. He will give background and insight into its production. Following the movie there will be a discussion about potential interest in an ongoing Film Society, to view and discuss a different feature film each month.

The reviews for "Picnic at Hanging Rock" have included an impressive assortment of accolades, including "Two Thumbs Up!" from Roger Ebert and the late Gene Siskel. Admission for this event is a $3 donation which includes refreshments. We'll see ya there!

Thank you

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council would like to thank Ron and Cindy Gustafson for their generous donation. We would also like to thank the Archuleta County Recycling Commission and the Rotary Club for their kindness and generosity; their donations provided scholarships to students attending the Summer Arts Camp held at Pagosa Springs Elementary School.

PSAC reminders

We are looking for volunteers to work on the PSAC float for the 4th of July parade. Still wanted - a writer for the Artsline column. If you are interested in either one of these rewarding tasks, please ring Joanne at 264-5020.

PSAC is also in need of a membership volunteer. For more information, call Joan Hageman at 264-4863.

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council gallery and gift shop are open to the public and is located just south of the stop light in the Town Park. Admission is free and the hours are 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday. Come on by and get your art fix!


Sports Page

'There's something special about racing'

By Roy Starling

Your tired legs are trying to coax a mountain bike up a steep hill over a rough trail. The air's getting thinner. You feel like you're pulling a wagon full of cinder blocks. You have that nagging sensation that your heart has moved up to your ears, and it's pounding away.

This is fun?

For Pagosa's junior expert racer Chelsea Volger, the answer is yes.

Sure, there's plenty of pain involved, and sometimes her lungs feel like they're going to burst and her legs want to rebel and rest when there's still another mile or so of mountainside to climb. But Chelsea has learned not to let her mind dwell on the agony.

"You have to try to keep a positive attitude," she said. "You tell yourself, 'Do it. You'll be fine.' There have been times when I thought I couldn't go any farther, but I made it."

Does she have any particular strategy for a climb?

"No, no strategy," Chelsea said. "When I'm climbing, I'm not thinking. I'm just trying to get up the hill as fast as I can and not let anyone catch me. And when there's tons and tons of climbing, I just pray and get my strength from God."

Chelsea believes there's a definite payoff for the pain.

"There's something special about racing," she said. "Part of it is I love to compete. I'm absolutely competitive. I guess I do get a kind of buzz from it. Maybe I'm just an adrenalin junkie. The way you feel after a race - it's really good, even if you're beat up, sore and hurting."

Chelsea has loved bicycling from the day she learned to ride. High school science teacher Pete Peterson introduced her to road biking as a freshman and the following year Shonny Vanlandingham - now a pro racer - helped shift her interest to mountain biking.

"Shonny suggested I do the Del Norte (cross country) race, so I did it," Chelsea said. The event gave the young novice a quick and thorough introduction to the pleasures that awaited her as a mountain bike racer: "It was awful," she said. "I hurt so bad, I hadn't hurt that bad my whole life. Why in the world was I willingly doing this to myself?"

Chelsea finished first at Del Norte last summer, but not exactly ahead of the pack. There was no pack. "I was the only junior beginner in the race," she said. In fact, the scarcity of female racers in her age-class is the one thing she's found disappointing about the Colorado Off Road Point Series.

"There are only two or three junior expert women in the entire state," she said. "If you want to see how you stack up against other racers, you have to compare yourself to the senior experts or compete in national races." At nationals, she said, there are normally 10 to 15 racers in her class.

To stay in condition for her racing, Chelsea works with Dr. Scott Anderson, a local chiropractor. Anderson, Chelsea said, "is an awesome motivator. He's been such a huge help. He has me doing a variety of stuff - long rides, hill sprints, race simulations and interval work. Most of the training is based on time, not distance."

Anderson "really pushes me," Chelsea said. "I admire how much he cares."

Anderson sees Chelsea as an ideal student. "As far as training goes, she does whatever she's told without complaining," he said. "Very few people have that kind of dedication. She's really a good kid. There a lot of good young individuals in this town, and she's one of them."

She's so good, Anderson joked, "she's almost boring." As far as cycling goes, he said, "she has a lot of innate potential and can go fairly far with the sport."

Chelsea says she also gets a lot of support from Larry Christine, owner of Bike and Glide, her racing sponsor this season. Christine, she said, is "a good friend and a great guy."

Christine was introduced to Chelsea's biking prowess a couple of years ago when he saw her "lake jumping" at Navajo. "These kids had set up a ramp with about a 90-degree angle," he recalls. "Everyone took their turn jumping their old junky bikes into the lake. Chelsea was the only girl down there."

Chelsea shrugged off the bicycle aquatics as "just fun, more of that adrenalin junky stuff."

After a warm-up at the Iron Horse in Durango at the end of May, Chelsea's CORPS season gets underway in earnest July 10 and 11 when she takes another shot at the Del Norte course. On Aug. 7 and 8, she'll race in Telluride, then in Winter Park (Aug. 13 through 15) and finally in Keystone (Aug. 20 through 22).

On Sunday, June 27, Chelsea will compete in Pagosa Springs' own cross country NORBA race. She hopes to race in two national events, at Mammoth, Calif., July 17 and 18, and Deer Valley in Park City, Utah, on the following weekend.

This is Chelsea's final season in the junior expert division. Will she race in 2000, the summer after her senior year in high school? "I'm not sure about next summer," she said. "I'd have to move up to the senior expert class. I'm also hoping to race at the collegiate level, either mountain biking or road. I really would like to try road biking - the strategy is completely different.

"One way or another, I hope to be biking."


Nobles stars for Porpoise swimmers

By Natalie Koch

The Pagosa Lakes Porpoises swim team ended two busy weekends of competition with a meet in Gunnison June 5 and 6, and in Cortez June 11, 12 and 13. The Porpoise swimmers continued their season of improvement by posting best times and earning high-point awards.

In Gunnison, Chris Nobles, 11, came home with the boys' 11 and 12 high-point award. Nobles earned the award by finishing first in the 100-yard freestyle, 50-yard and 100 butterfly, and 200-yard individual medley, as well as placing third in the 200 freestyle and fourth in the 50 breast stroke.

Younger brother Matt Nobles, also 11, took first place in the 100 backstroke, second behind his brother in the 50 and 100 butterfly and 200 medley, fifth in the 50 breast stroke and sixth in the 100 freestyle.

Also in Gunnison, 8-and-under swimmer Mackenzie Kitson swam a great meet in the 25-yard pool. Kitson placed second in the 25 freestyle, third in the 50 freestyle and fourth in the 25 backstroke and 25 and 50 breast stroke.

First year Porpoise swimmer, 10-year-old Aaron Miller, placed third in the boys' 9-and-10-year-old 100 freestyle, fourth in the 50 breast stroke and 50 and 100 backstroke, and fifth in the 50 freestyle.

Tiffany Thompson, 15, swam in the senior division on Saturday. She left Sunday for a six-day distance swim camp in Cortez. In her Saturday events, Thompson placed second in the 100 breast stroke, 100 butterfly and 50 backstroke.

Also competing in the senior women's division, coach Natalie Koch earned a first-place finish in the 50 freestyle, and third-place finishes in the 100 and 200 freestyle and 100 butterfly.

Courtney Steen, 12, continued her season of solid performances with second-place finishes in the 50 and 100 breast stroke, 100 freestyle and 100 butterfly, as well as a third place in the 100 backstroke.

Michael Caves, an up and coming second year Porpoise, earned his first gold medal of the year with first place in the 9-and-10-year-old 100 freestyle. Caves also placed second in the 100 breast stroke, and third in the 50 freestyle, butterfly and breast stroke.

Also in the 9-to-10 age group, Chris Coray placed first in the 100 breast stroke, as well as second in the 50 butterfly, 50 breast stroke and 100 freestyle.

With just four days of practice after the Gunnison meet, the Pagosa Lakes swimmers traveled to Cortez for a three-day meet. Abigail Coray, 6, placed third in the girls' 6-and-under 25 freestyle. In the 8-and-under 25 breast stroke, Coray swam a strong race but was disqualified due to an illegal stroke.

Mackenzie Kitson, in 8-and-under events, finished third in the 25 backstroke and 50 freestyle, and fourth in the 25 and 100 freestyle and in the 25 breast stroke.

Jenna Finney, 12, produced four personal best times as she placed seventh in the 100 butterfly and eighth in the 50 and 100 backstroke.

Christopher Matzdorf, 12, swam consistently throughout the meet and placed sixth in the 200 freestyle, ninth in the 50 and 100 freestyle and 100 backstroke, and 10th in the 50 butterfly and 50 breast stroke.

Ben DeVoti, 10, had high finishes of third in the 50 and 100 freestyle, and ninth in the 50 backstroke.

Also posting some third-place finishes, Josh Coray, 8, took third in the 50 and 100 freestyle, and fourth in the 25 butterfly.

Older brother Chris Coray, 10, placed second in the 100 butterfly, third in the 100 individual medley and 100 breast stroke, and fourth in the 50 butterfly, freestyle, and breast stroke, and 100 backstroke.

Chris Nobles swam only Friday and Saturday due to his departure on Sunday to Arizona for a swimming stroke camp. His two days of competition earned him a first-place finish in the 50 butterfly, and seconds in the 100 IM, 50 backstroke and 100 freestyle.

Matt Nobles, also leaving Sunday for the swim camp, earned finishes of fourth in the 50 butterfly and backstroke, and sixth in the 100 and 200 individual medleys and 100 freestyle.

Courtney Steen finished no lower than fifth in all her events. Steen placed first in the 50 and second in the 100 freestyle, as well as numerous third-place finishes. In her strongest event, the 100 breast stroke, Steen was not allowed to swim because she was called for a false start by the officials.

Tiffany Thompson, competing for the first time after practicing at a six-day distance swim camp, placed first in the 100 backstroke, second in the 200 butterfly, third in the 100 butterfly and fourth in the 200 IM and 100 freestyle. Thompson also competed on the women's open 400 freestyle and 400 medley relays which placed third and sixth respectively.

James Schneidereit, 8, swam his hardest and earned himself a first-place finish in the 25 breast stroke. Schneidereit also placed second in the 100 freestyle, and fourth in the 25 backstroke.

The Pagosa Lakes swimmers plan to train hard for the next two weeks before competing in Durango on June 25, 26 and 27. The meet will be held at the Durango city pool next to the fairgrounds. Admission to the meet is free. If you're in Durango that weekend, stop by and cheer for the Pagosa Lakes swimmers.



Video Review
By Roy Starling

2 'Psychos': a classic and a clunker

We all remember our first viewing of Alfred Hitchcock's "Psycho" (1960). My response was pretty much the same as everyone else's: The film contained one scene so frightening that after I saw it I wouldn't dress up like a woman for six months.

Last week, Gus Van Sant's remake of that masterpiece of terror hit the video stores. Because I loved the original and because I enjoyed Van Sant's "Drugstore Cowboy" and "To Die For," and knew people who were big fans of "Good Will Hunting," I was anxious to see the new version and compare it to the original.

Well, I can tell you: There is no comparison. Van Sant's film isn't worth watching even as a curiosity. What a hollow mess it is. What was Van Sant thinking about? Maybe the tribute should have been done by Brian DePalma who partly praised, partly teased the master in "Dressed to Kill" and "Body Double" in the early '80s.

Van Sant chose to do a shot-by-shot remake of "Psycho," so all of your favorite shots are in there, but they're in color with a different cast. He might as well have done a shot-by-shot replay of an NCAA Final Four championship game using the C team of the Class 1A junior high I attended in north Florida. Hitchcock's swishes become Van Sant's clanks.

Neo-Brat Packer Vince Vaughn takes over for the late Anthony Perkins as Norman Bates, but Vaughn lacks Perkins' ability to transform instantly from bashful boy with batting eyelids to menacing creep.

Van Sant attempts to increase Vaughn's sinister aspect with lighting that casts odd shadows on his face. The quirky Perkins, on the other hand, could look spooky at high noon on Pagosa Street.

Perkins, incidentally, attended the college I taught at in a former life, and there are some unforgettable stories circulating around the place about his bizarre behavior there. I just wish I could remember one of them now.

Replacing the doe-eyed, lithe, buxom Janet Leigh as Marion Crane is Anne Heche, a most unfortunate choice. The towheaded Heche is scruffy, boyish and malnourished, looking more like a stand-in for Mia Farrow in the late stages of her pregnancy in that romantic comedy "Rosemary's Baby."

There's one other significant casting blunder: The house actor that plays the Bates home in the remake isn't nearly as spooky as the house actor that played that role in the original. The original house actor, unfortunately, has retired to the Universal Studio theme park, where you can ride the movies.

Julianne Moore, on the other hand, does a good job reviving the role of Marion's feisty sister Lila (originally portrayed by Vera Miles). Moore is such a fine and dynamic actress she could find a way to make a film version of The Real Estate Guide riveting viewing.

So please put the remake out of your mind, and let's try to take a fresh look at Hitchcock's classic, imagining what it must have been like to see it for the first time in the opening year of that tumultuous decade we've come to know as The Sixties.

The film opens on Friday, December 11, at 2:43 p.m. Marion and her lover Sam (John Gavin) are lounging around like a couple of sleepy cats in a motel room after a sleazy rendezvous, Marion clad only in a large bra and a slip. They want to get married and be respectable but are suffering from a serious lack of funds.

When Marion gets back to work, a wealthy good ol' boy named Tom Cassidy comes by with $40,000 in cash to buy a home for his daughter. Marion is directed to take that money to the bank, but she decides the money could be better used to help her and Sam achieve the aforementioned respectability, so she heads to see him in Fairville, Calif., with the dough.

After pulling off the side of the road to get some sleep, she's questioned, then tailed by a cop. Does he know about the money? Will she be caught?

She trades cars (with the cop watching from across the road) and continues her journey, but runs into a driving rain. The visibility is awful. Will she wreck? No! Through the dark and stormy night, she sees a safe haven, a neon sign reading "Bates Motel." The audience is relieved. It does seem unfortunate, however, that she was only 15 miles from Fairville.

At the Bates Motel, she shares a meal with the nervous but nice Norman Bates who reflects on the trap we're all in and how everyone goes a little crazy once in a while. Something in what the young man says causes Marion to change her plans: She'll return to Phoenix and give the money back.

She goes to her room and undresses while Norman watches through a peephole and we watch through the graces of Hitchock's prying camera, the same one that let us in the room with her and Sam in Phoenix.

She gets into the shower and pulls the curtain, but the nosy camera moves over the curtain, and we see Marion turn on the water and smile. She's happy. She has escaped her trap and plans to redeem herself from her moment of craziness. Nothing like a warm cleansing shower at a time like this.

Then the unthinkable happens, something film audiences of 1960 were completely unprepared for. A major character played by a well known leading lady, having decided to mend her ways, is brutally murdered (by what appears to be a woman), for no apparent reason. And with Bernard Hermann's screeching score as backdrop, she is assaulted in one of the most famous montage sequences ever filmed.

Then the camera follows the black blood down the drain, and the drain dissolves into Marion's lifeless eye, now staring at us as we were just staring at her.

We hear Norman shouting at his mother in the dark house on the hill. He enters her room and is clearly shocked by what he finds in the bathroom. He cleans up the mess, fastidiously.

Now that we've lost Marion before we've even finished our popcorn, what is the focus of the film? The audience is disturbed, disoriented. All that remains is to solve the mystery of Marion's disappearance and of the missing money, and everyone thinks the best way to do that is to get to the old woman in the house. Maybe she knows what happens to Marion.

In the second half of the film, the audience is put in the uncomfortable position of being burdened with much more knowledge than anyone in the film except Norman. Those other characters on the screen - they don't even know Marion is dead, nor do they know about Inspector Arbogast's long ascent up the stairs at the Bates home, or his quick descent back down them. They don't know to be afraid of Norman.

When the truth is finally revealed, with only minutes left in the movie, it happens under a glaring naked light bulb, swinging wildly in a musty fruit cellar. What a fine piece of Gothic poetry!

Hitchock's "Psycho" was a true original. There was next to nothing derivative about it. This was fresh, shocking, ground breaking film making, and it was done at little cost with no special effects and, believe it or not, only two acts of violence.

All of this, I hope, sends a message to all you kids out there in Preview land who hope to grow up to become film directors: Make us another film like "Psycho," but make it your own; and leave Hitch alone!

By John M. Motter

1900 was a good year for Pagosa

By John M. Motter

Pagosa Country citizens entering the 20th century felt good, and why not? The community was experiencing unparalleled growth. No longer would everyone be isolated, dependent on horse power to get out of town. The Pagosa and Northern railroad was coming this very year - 1900. Telephone wires connected local folks with the outside world, even as far as Durango. Some communities, such as Edith and Pagosa Junction even acquired electricity.

If there were any dissenters, people alarmed that progress was destroying the land and changing things in an unhealthy way, we don't find their names in the local papers. Environmentalism was not yet a popular cause.

Smoke poured from the stacks of two huge lumber mills: E.M. Biggs' mill in Edith and A.L. Sullenberger's mill in Pagosa Junction, both in the southern part of the county. Smaller mills cranked out lumber for the local building boom - N.E. Garcelon's mill three miles from town on Mill Creek and another operated by an Underwood at Chromo. And so, D. L. Egger - by now Egger had shifted from being a Democrat to being a Populist - trumpeted in the April 1900 columns of the Pagosa Springs News:

"J. Allan Johnson and B.H. Chase are making preparations to build large residences near the M.E. Church (on Lewis Street at its present location). On the same street, P.L. Scott will erect another business house and James Waber a cottage. Work on the Buckles and Schultz block (today's Bear Creek Saloon) has resumed.

"On Pagosa Street, the new post office and Collar Building are being erected and additions to the Archuleta and Blake buildings are being completed. F.A. Byrnes is building a residence on Sixth Street and on the corner of Sixth and Pagosa (San Juan), the large barn of Seavy and Reavis is being completed.

"East of the Park, Asa Poor is building a neat cottage. F. (Frank) A. Buckles has just finished a commodious residence in the northern part of town. Mrs. Latham is building an addition to her residence in the eastern part of town. Several other buildings are also under contemplation. There will be a complete transformation in this town before the Autumn leaves begin to fall."

Not all of the progress was in Pagosa Springs. E.K. Caldwell (said to have operated the first lumber mill in the Chama area and later the Archuleta County judge) erected a large, two-story hotel in Pagosa Junction in 1899 and followed that with a two-story house in 1900. The Pagosa Lumber Co donated lumber for a Pagosa Junction school house. Local folks donated labor to erect the school building. By March 9, 1900, Pagosa Junction turned on, lighted by electricity generated at the Pagosa Lumber Co. mill, which turned out 50,000 board feet of lumber a day.

Biggs' New Mexico Lumber Co. mill in Edith produced 100,000 board feet of lumber a day and also provided the community with electricity. A Maccabbeans Hall became the center of social activity in Edith.

Phillips Hall was the center of social activity in Pagosa Springs. Phillips Hall was the top floor of the Phillips Building (today known as the Hersch Building on Pagosa Street).

In early 1900, the Columbine Band gave a recitation at Phillips Hall. In those days it seems, nearly every town in the United States had its own band, and, in the town park, a band stand. Pagosa Springs was no exception.

Of the recitation, Eggers reported that the "crowd was not as large as it should have been." In addition to a variety of songs played by the band, Pat Palmer made a comic recitation and soloist Miss Carneo sang "Dreaming." Miss Ada Dowell sang, "Love Comes With Kisses," followed by Herbert Loucks' negro dialect recitation. Mrs. Reef then sang "Loves Eternity" and "Because I Love You." John Kyle and George Walker conducted skits and then eight-year-old Miss Julia Grimes performed a novelty act called "Cold Black Lady," a blackface skit.

Advertisements in the News included "Do you every smile? If you do, go to W.L. Bostwick's place - pure whiskies, wines and beer always on hand - fine cigars." J.V. Blake advertised groceries. Hatcher Bros., located in the Phillips Building, advertised shoes, clothing, and gent's clothing. Cockerell sold hardware and, one block from the bathhouses was the Patrick House, rates from $1 to $2, strictly first class.

The Pagosa Springs telephone office was located in the rear of the Hatcher Bros. store. The first telephone communication between Pagosa Springs and Pagosa Junction was made March 9, 1900.

Later during 1900, Blake went out of business. Bowling purchased Blake's stock. Blake's building was "fixed up" as a courthouse and leased to the county. My guess is, it is the building occupied by Milt Lewis' art gallery today.

Meanwhile, G.W. Arnold had started a new hotel building in December of 1899. Arnold's building on San Juan Street became known as the Commercial Hotel. It was located where Ron Schaffer's stove shop is today. Arnold also operated City Bakery. Cobbler Chas. A. Scott, new in town, occupied Arnold's old building, located one door west of Mullins and Lewis' barbershop.

A.J. Lewis ran a barbershop, C.H. Freeman sold real estate and insurance, and Dr. K.L. Clock, physician and surgeon, maintained an office in the Phillips Building, telephone No. 25. Dr. Mary Winter, physician and surgeon, maintained an office in the Winters and Fisher Drug Store and a residence in the Frank Blake House. Her telephone number? No. 8.

The American Hotel opened at the corner of 5th and Lewis Street in August of 1900. Cockerell built a new 24' by 140' building on Lewis St. in August of 1900.

Buckles and Schultz opened the OK Cash Store during September of 1900. They advertised ladies and gents furnishing goods; hand made clothing; hats, caps, and gloves; queens ware; glass ware; granite ware; boots and shoes; and dry goods and notions. A few weeks later, they began leasing upstairs apartments and rooms.

Asa Poor was employed as the first manager of the newly constructed, 63' by 40' railroad depot which opened for business during the first week of November. The rail center included a turnaround, water tower, sheep, and cattle pens. The cattle pens were big enough to hold 10-car loads of cattle. Local ranchers soon took advantage of having stock yards so close. The depot building remains to this date in its original location. The building was erected by a man named Frakes from Pagosa Junction.

An "in" thing were the excursion trains. Pack a lunch and ride into the country for a picnic. Pagosa Junction folks took excursions to Pagosa Springs. Pagosa Springs folks took excursions to Pagosa Junction. And folks with out of town business took the train to Durango, to Denver, wherever they needed to go. No more fighting the mud of poorly constructed roads in order to leave town, carried in a wagon pulled by horses or mules. 1900 was a big year in Pagosa Springs.


Food for Thought
By Karl Isberg

Here: Write Karl's food column

How can I be a professional writer, Karl?

Though I addressed the situation in a previous column, I continue to hear the question.

I'm asked this by fresh-faced high school grads, by successful boomers seeking a new and gratifying avenue in mid-life, by retired folks eager to remain viable.

My answer: Keep a journal and record your stunning insights as they occur to you.

You must have a method, though. You need to develop a journal theme.

Many people who keep diaries or journals jot down observations and ideas, report on emotions - perhaps even write a stilted and pain-puddled poem or two - with a tendency to ramble, to follow an unstructured course, a random course without a center.

Not me. I am a professional writer. I have a theme.

I keep a food and tube diary.

I correlate everything to food or television, relating my experiences and ideas to what I eat and to the television shows I watch.

Mostly, I concentrate on food. I cement my perceptions to food and eating. The mnemonic device works well. As I ponder the journal at a later date, trying to duplicate a dish or to improve it, I am led inexorably to memories of the events that surrounded my initial culinary experience - to people, places, things.

Once in touch with the memory, with the facts and my reactions, I begin to write a column

Here are some recent journal entries. Read them. Each entry contains the germ cell of a column. Extract the pertinent information. Write. Practice, practice, practice.

June 4. Durango to Denver, Denver to Burbank. United flight 2537 from DIA to Burbank: a "snack flight." Turkey and Swiss sandwich, macaroni salad. I am seated next to a sweating salesman from Sacramento - a falsely friendly, desperate sort of young man with chubby fingers, a laptop computer and a load of "industrial fastener" accounts. Crumbs from his snack fall on his keyboard as he furiously adjusts a spreadsheet. We pass over Lake Powell and part of the Grand Canyon. The salesman refuses to look out the window. He excuses himself to go to the restroom. I nearly succumb to an urge to snatch his laptop and adjust his work, perhaps leave him a couple of aphorisms from Schopenauer.

I can reproduce the sandwich if, and only if, I can locate a small bun, perhaps eight days old; the proper degree of dryness is hard to duplicate. The macaroni salad is easy: overcook elbow macaroni and douse it in polymer-like mayo, add a bit of chopped onion and pickle. Yum. My macaroni salad has an expiration date of May 2004.

There is an interesting mother/daughter combo on the flight. They wear matching wrist braces and each sports a garish-colored T-shirt with "Warning: Estrogen Problems. I bite" printed in glittery letters across the back. Each of the gals brings a large slab of pizza and a 32-ounce Slurpee with her on the plane. Their names are Lorene and Cissy. I like them. I like pizza. We need a bowling alley in Pagosa so the Lorenes and Cissies of Archuleta County will have someplace to go.

June 4. Burbank. Kathy and I are met by our youngest daughter, Ivy. I give Ivy the Mars Bar from my airline snack. It is less than she expected. We motor to Pasadena to the American Academy of Dramatic Arts where we watch a wonderful production of Sondheim's "Into the Woods." Theatrical productions make me hungry.

After the show, we go to Fu Shing, a joint on Colorado Boulevard, and we order shredded beef in garlic sauce and hot and sour chicken. Ivy's roomie Cameron is along so we kick in a double order of shu mai. Rather than the regular dipping sauce, the restaurant provides a small bowl filled with rice vinegar and julienned ginger, and a second bowl with red chile and garlic paste. The vinegar, ginger and paste are blended on the plate with some bits of cilantro. I make a mental note: a good accompaniment to grilled beef.

A small man wearing a lime green doubleknit suit, a red silk shirt and white patent leather shoes comes by our table every five minutes or so, smiles, places his hands in front of his chest in a prayerful gesture and says something that sounds like "Oh, how hot am I." He looks like Fuji from McHale's Navy. We smile and nod and he moves on. As Pagosa grows, we will no doubt have more of this cross-cultural dialogue in public places. It is refreshing, international.

June 4. North Hollywood. Bunking at the Universal Sheraton. I switch on the television and watch the hotel channel, previewing the amenities over and over- the room service menu, the pay-for-view selections, the detailed directions to the health club, pool and jacuzzi, to the three bars and the grossly overpriced restaurant. Directions are provided in English, Japanese, Korean, French and German. The Korean phrase for "valet parking" sounds like "Oh, how hot am I." I repeat the phrase to the parking attendant; he is Honduran, but he is amused. As Pagosa becomes cosmopolitan, we will have Honduran parking attendants. Things are changing and we must change with them.

June 5. With Kathy and Ivy gone on a shopping trip, I have Ivy's car and I am free to roam and eat. I watch the "What's Up in LA" show on television and I decide to drive down to Wilshire to the LA County Museum of Art to see a Diego Rivera retrospective and to visit the upstairs collection to look at a personal favorite - Nolde's "Cows."

I listen to the radio on my way to the museum and try unsuccessfully to pull over to a pay phone. I am convinced I can be the ninth caller to KROC and win the Malibu Beach Party with the GoGos. I have a vision of Belinda Carlisle and me dancing on the deck as the surf crashes on the shore and the sun glows orange on the horizon. We hold brightly-colored drinks in our hands. Belinda laughs at all my jokes; her teeth are spectacular. She smells like tropical fruit and she loves my Hawaiian shirt. Alas, I am trapped in the inside lane and by the time I turn on to Wilshire, some dink from Encinitas has scored the prize. We need more radio giveaways in Pagosa as we transform our community into one of America's key destinations for the new millennium. With more and more traffic jams, we will need the entertainment. We will need a chance to win Belinda Carlisle.

All is not lost, however. The Portillo's lunch wagon is parked, as always, on a side street next to LACMA. A sign on the side of the brushed aluminum wagon says "Jorge y Mama," and Jorge and Mama do not disappoint. From past experience, I am terribly fond of the Portillo's carnitas, and the adovada burrito is tops, but this trip I opt for a tuna burrito - chunks of tuna grilled with onion and pepper, layered on a soft white flour tortilla, bathed in a garlicky cilantro cream sauce and graced with a sprinkling of queso fresca and some sliced jalapeno.

I sit on the grass next to the street and consume my treasure as I discuss the graffiti problems in South Central with a loquacious museum guard named Quenetta. She eats chili fries and sips a root beer. I am happy we are discussing the subject; there will be more and more graffiti in Pagosa now that it is one of the top retirement destinations in the Milky Way Galaxy. I tell Quenetta this. "You know how them retired folks are," she says. Yes, Quenetta, I do. We agree that a cold Tecate would be nice.

The Rivera exhibit is substantial but crowded, featuring several top-line examples of his Mexican Life series; the Nolde is still relegated to a wall space above a glass-enclosed display of German Expressionist playbills. Pity.

I make the mistake of journeying to the third-floor contemporary gallery where there is an exhibit of the work of a New York conceptual artist. Hmmmm. Art. . .concept. . . who woulda thunk?

A school teacher leads a group of fourth-graders past a card table on which are placed four picnicware place settings and a ball peen hammer. The poor wretch attempts to explain the paltry mess to her students. Her explanation is a perfect example of the unschooled relativism that pervades the American sensibility. Her students will go to their summer vacations knowing there are no real standards, no ways to discern quality. "Well, of course it's art, children. I mean, different people like different things and if you feel something is good, well, ummm, then, well, ummm, it is!"

Few people realize the connection between aesthetics and morality, but it is real. A breakdown in one area presages or mirrors the breakdown in the other.

The fact we have a President who can look at us, wag his finger and lie - and still be in office - should come as no surprise if you realize the American aesthetic in visual art now centers on two extremes: decoration and inside jokes. The first extreme is represented by a proliferation of soulless rehashings of realist themes (often in the form of images of cowboys and Indians, roundups and wagon trains), semi-photographic renderings bereft of intellectual content, scoured clean of meaning by a tidal wave of easy sentimentality, where the only possible grace is harmony with an interior decorating scheme. The second type of work occupies a quasi-academic pole where place settings sit on card tables, where bags of sand are placed randomly in a huge space, where mirrors spin on walls, where scrawls become "gestures," where the pretense is that there is significant content, but where, in reality, the only content is a feebleminded joke. In either case, nothing challenges you. You needn't know anything, or think about anything. No demand is made other than that you follow the dictates of "feeling." Rembrandt can rent a room in RC Gorman's condo, if you "feel" it is right. And the President really didn't have sex with an intern in the Oval Office if you "believe" oral sex isn't sex, and he continues to serve if you "feel" he should. No demands. No depth. No thought. Just decoration and jokes.

I "feel" kind of queasy.

Fortunately, I turn a corner and Jay DeFeo's masterpiece, her only masterpiece - "The Rose" - hangs huge, heavy and crusty on the wall, its center split like a faultline revealing layer after layer of agonized paint. I breathe a sigh of relief. I sit. I think. I take it in. I see her, alone, depressed, cigarette dangling from her mouth, her hair rough-cut, her backlit silhouette outlined against the San Francisco sky, beatniked to the Nth degree. She never made any money. There was no idiotic representation, there was no joke.

June 5. For dinner, more fish! Shellfish, at Gladstones. I discover a nearby franchise in a commercial sandwiched between Montel and Hollywood Squares. Linguine with clams, the well-prepared tender bivalves in shell and without shell, bedded on the pasta, sustained in a broth of their own juices, a bit of garlic and some parsley. An easy dish to prepare, given you can obtain decent clams. An easy dish to consume.

The Gladstones is at Universal City. We need something like this in Pagosa: A promenade of false fronts packed with geeks, lots of noise, lights. After all, some local idiot recently trumpeted the "fact" that Pagosa will be one of the only safe places to be when Y2K destroys civilization, so why not build a suitable attraction for the new arrivals? A series of opportunities for transient stimulation. We will have clams.

June 6. Breakfast at a small restaurant in Toluca Lake. I order an omelette with chile (excuse me, "chili"). Once again, I am reminded that the chile reigns supreme in New Mexico and Colorado. Elsewhere, forget it. They have a sad way with the chile on the coast and ordering it is much like ordering Opah in South Dakota.

At noon, we attend Ivy's American Academy graduation. Speeches, awards, blah, blah, blah. As I watch my daughter and her classmates and friends walk on the stage I am reminded of seeing liners leave the docks in New York City. Bon voyage, have a nice crossing. Hope it's not too stormy. Hope you don't sink. In September, Ivy will be 21 years old, and on her own. I will have more discretionary income, won't I?

On to the reception and the food. There is a satisfying but somewhat ordinary array of crustless sandwiches and odd-looking things Kathy tells me are called "vegetables and fruits."

There is also cake, which pleases Kathy since cake is the foundation of her diet. The cakes are great, and a world-class cake is hard to find these days. These were tender, buttery- one golden, one chocolate - each blessed with egg and iced with a genuine butter cream. I wait while Kathy finishes her fourth piece and we adjourn to our room for a rest before dinner. Florence Henderson is standing nearby, eating cake. Ma Brady. Tony winner. I start over to ask her if she intends to retire to Pagosa, but I am diverted by a stray Mimosa. As Pagosa grows, we will need to attract more celebrities to town. We'll need people to point at in restaurants. Timeshare salesmen need to be able to say things like "Oh, Florence, sure, I know Florence." It helps with the close.

June 6. Off to dinner. I drive Ivy's car on the 101 and hook a turn on the 10. I am doing 75 miles per hour and there is a woman driving a car next to me. She is reading a book and has a cellular phone caught between jowl and shoulder. We need more cellular phones in Pagosa now that we are a prime retirement destination and one of the only safe places to be in the entire universe. There will be plenty of important people in Pagosa soon, people who were really really important somewhere else, with important things happening to them, around them. As our pace of life accelerates, we will need state-of-the-art communications in order to stay on top of the wave.

A trip to the 3rd Street promenade in Santa Monica terminates at a restaurant (oops, a "trattoria") with a sidewalk dining area. This is the equivalent of eating in an aquarium: A steady stream of spectators passes by, ogling my food, talking loudly, making odd noises and emitting bizarre odors. I have eaten at sidewalk cafes in many cities, on different continents, and I've found all of them to be disagreeable. As a result, Kathy loves them. We need a sidewalk cafe or two in Pagosa, to provide a sophisticated atmosphere for the people arriving in the most desirable retirement location available to the species, in order to survive Y2K, in order to improve our local roads.

Overcoming a high degree of self-consciousness, I order a dish I've not had in a few years and I am more than satisfied. As a dreadlocked street entertainer plays all my middle eastern folk favorites on a Farfisa organ, I consume a plate of penne with sausage and cream sauce and I am one happy fella. In fact, I am so happy with what I ordered, I prepare a version of the dish the next night in Pagosa: the most incredibly wonderful, safest and darned friendliest place anywhere. A place with mountains nearby.

I'm not one of those people who thinks foods are seasonal. If something is heavy, fatty, hot and creamy-good, I don't care whether it's the dead of winter or the height of summer, I'm gonna eat it. Who cares if it's 90 degrees outside? Load up on this baby and just groan your blissful way through it.

You need a bunch of bulk, hot Italian sausage. I par boil the sausage a bit in order to render some of the fat, breaking it up into reasonable chunks as it cooks. Once I've poured off the little bit of water and the fat, I add a touch of olive oil to the skillet and I brown the sausage, crisping it up and leaving those marvelous brown bits on the surface of the pan.

Once the sausage is browned, I turn down the heat and add three or four cloves of minced or mashed garlic and stir, making sure the garlic does not brown and turn bitter. I add a cup or so of heavy cream (look out arteries, we're headed for the ICU!) stirring and scraping those delightful caramelized proteins into the cream. Once the pan is, in effect, deglazed by the cream, I add salt, fresh ground black pepper, ground nutmeg to taste and a tablespoon or so of finely minced fresh mint. Last in is a cup or so of frozen green peas and half a fist-full of freshly grated Parmesan cheese.

While I'm preparing the sausage and sauce, I cook the penne in lightly salted water until al dente. I put the drained penne into the skillet with the sauce, add a couple hunks of butter, stir to coat the pasta, then I let it rest a couple of minutes before serving with fresh, hot, crusty bread and greens dressed with a simple balsamic vinegar-based dressing. Wine snobs be damned, I find the dish goes very well with a cheap Jadot Beaujolais Villages.

I take a bite, pound down a mighty swallow of the cheap red, and I gaze out my front window. My dog Arnie harks up a pine cone and I hear the sound of a jet taking off from Stevens Field. I am full. I am content. I am safe from any problem Y2K might bring unfortunate souls elsewhere on the planet. I am home, in Pagosa Springs and, with my journal, I am ready to work.

So, there you have it: the journalistic carcass from which the prime cut of a column can be carved.

Practice with the material. Use it to write something that reflects our current condition. . . something witty, surgically precise.

If you succeed, send your piece to me at P.O. Box 9. I'll put my name on it and use it next week.

After all, I'm a professional writer.



Regulate not ban

Dear David,

I am all for prayer. I believe in the power of prayer and I pray almost every day although a lot of you reading this wouldn't like what I pray for. To me, religion is very personal, but I believe that every individual in this country should be able to worship and express his faith as he chooses (preferably in private). I am certainly not "infuriated" that a great number of people are praying - for whatever reasons.

It is "organized" religion that I find fault with. Each one professes to be the "truth" and all the others are inferior. The Christians believe that if you don't accept Jesus as the son of God then you will go to hell. Well, I don't believe that and I don't want doctrine such as this plastered in public places that I've paid taxes to build and maintain. There has to be a separation of church and state because we don't all worship in the same way and I don't want any one religion manipulating our government. Anyway, people don't learn morality by reading the Ten Commandments out in front of the courthouse or seeing a picture of Jesus in the post office.

As for the ongoing discussion of the Second Amendment: as I stated before, every person in America has the right to keep and bear arms but a "well regulated militia" means some regulations. I don't want to ban guns, I want to regulate them. For instance: even though bazookas and Stinger missiles would be fun to own, it would make sense to regulate such items to the Armed Forces. Hmmm . . . another touchy subject.

May the "Force" be with you. Or God, Allah, Jesus, Mohammed, Brahma, Buddha or whatever . . . take your pick, it's your right.


DC Duncan

Community service

Dear Editor,

The time has come to advise all the wonderful people that have moved into our county these last two or three years; now that they are all unpacked and have settled, found your church home, joined the golf and outdoors clubs, the next step is community service. What could be more exhilarating than doing 3 1/2 hours a week at the San Juan Historical Museum? Helping our curator, Ann Oldham in this prize-winning place is the true mark of a real Pagosan.

However, not just anyone qualifies: women wearing hair curlers and men in street shoes not wearing socks summarily rejected, no drinking on the job and reading ability given special consideration.

Because the displays are self explanatory, you can learn at your leisure along with our visitors. Bragging rights alone is worth a fortune, particularly when talking to those pushy types that moved here after you.

If you truly believe you can qualify as a volunteer at the museum and can handle the excitement of working with Ann Oldham, phone her at 264-4424 or Lee at 731-5213.

We really need and want you.

Lee Sterling

E mail

One other student

Dear Editor,

There was at least one other ninth grader who had a 3.5 grade point average for the last school term. Her name is Kerilyn Frank.

Keri's Mom,

Lyn Frank

Good job

Dear Editor,

I am attempting this again. I have e-mailed in the past with no response, however I realize you are very busy. I love to read the Pagosa SUN.

For instance, the graduating Class of 1999 had 96 graduates. The Class of 1980, my graduating class, had 80. This really brings back memories. I often wondered how I would survive in the real world coming from a small community. I must admit it has gone well. I feel that Pagosa really made me a rounded person. I can survive in almost any situation. My brother also shared some of the same thoughts recently. He said, "Without Pagosa, I would not be the person I am today." I always had this thought, but coming from Luke I was surprised to be hearing this response. I would like to thank you and all the other people in Pagosa for working with us as youth and being there for us. Good job.


Jackie L. Goodson


Sally Riggs Capistrant

Sally Riggs Capistrant received a B.A. degree in English literature and a B.A. in communication at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs during the annual commencement exercises at the Colorado Springs World Arena on May 21, 1999.

A 1995 graduate from Pagosa Springs High School, Sally is the daughter of Herman Riggs of Pagosa Springs and Jan Riggs of Colorado Springs.

 Ashleigh Corell

Ashleigh Corell, a junior at Pagosa Springs High School, plans to participate as a Team U.S.A. representative in the Star Search competition at Universal Studios Hollywood, Aug. 15 through 22. Corell was approached to audition in March, following her performances at the Colorado State Festival of the Performing Arts in Denver. Corell's summer schedule also includes singing the National Anthem July 3 to 5 at the 50th Annual Red Ryder Rodeo.

 Elizabeth Adams

Elizabeth Adams of Pagosa Springs, was named to the Dean's List for the 1999 spring semester at Wayland Baptist University in Plainview, Texas. She maintained at least a 3.5 grade point average while taking a full load of course work at the university level.

A sophomore, Adams is the daughter of Raymond and Vivian Adams of Pagosa Springs.

Dean's List

Ten students from Pagosa Springs have been named to the Dean's List, released last week for the winter 1999 trimester at Fort Lewis College. To be named to the Dean's List, a student must maintain a grade point average of 3.4 or better in not less than 14 hours of graded credit.

The Pagosa Springs students and their majors include: Carmin Carnley, agricultural science; Molly Davis, psychology; Davienne Ferguson, business administration-management; Ryan Flanagan, political science; Zach Ketchum, general science; Jeremiah Marsh, undeclared; Brooke Misuraca, undeclared; Laura Pilewski, general biology; Brian Traube, business administration-finance; and Christie Vliss, geology


Three students from Pagosa Springs graduated from Fort Lewis College on Saturday, May 1, 1999, Fort Lewis officials announced last week.

The Pagosa Springs students and their majors include: Jemal Mihalik, psychology; Walter Moore, exercise science and Justin "Toby" Rohwer business administration.

Todd W. Howard

Airman Todd W. Howard recently graduated from basic military training at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas.

During the six weeks of basic training, Howard studied the Air Force mission, organization, and customs and received special training in human relations.

Howard is the son of Virginia L. McDaniel of Pagosa Springs.


Cassidianne Mae Prieskorn

A memorial service was held for Cassidianne Mae Prieskorn yesterday afternoon at Community Bible Church.

The daughter of Larry Prieskorn Jr. and Tina Schroeder of Pagosa Springs, Cassidianne Mae was born at 8:45 p.m. on Sunday, June 13, 1999 at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. She weighed 2 pounds, 7 ounces and was 13 3/4 inches long.

Her maternal grandparents are Roberta and Mike Schroeder of Pagosa Springs. Her paternal grandparents are Larry Prieskorn Sr. of Marine City, Mich., and Debbie Preimesburger of New Haven, Mich.

Following the memorial service, Cassidianne Mae was buried at Hilltop Cemetery.


Katherine Brown Harnick

Jim and Jennifer Harnick of Pagosa Springs are happy to announce the birth of their daughter, Katherine Brown Harnick.

Katherine Brown was born Sunday, May 30, 1999, at Mercy Medical Center in Durango. She weighed 8 pounds, 2 ounces and was 20 3/4-inches long.

Her maternal grandparents are Bud and Dodie Brown of Kansas City, Mo. Her paternal grandparents are Jack and Pat Harnick of Phoenix, Ariz., and Midland, Mich., respectively.

Aubrey Francis

Tamara S. Romain and Stephen W. Konenan are pleased to announce the birth of their third child, Aubrey Francis, who was born Friday, May 28, 1999.

Weather Stats


















































Early monsoon may march in on Monday

By John M. Motter

Afternoon thunderstorms with rain have been almost a daily occurrence this past week in Pagosa Country. Even so, weatherman Jim Pringle of the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction is reluctant to make a flat statement that "summer weather has arrived."

"It will be partly cloudy today with a 30 percent chance for afternoon showers and thunderstorms," Pringle said. "Temperatures should range from the upper-70s down to the mid-40s."

Pagosa Country weather should be dry through Sunday, then a change is possible, Pringle said.

A high-pressure ridge is firmly entrenched over the area west of us, according to Pringle, allowing little disturbances producing scattered showers.

The high-pressure ridge should shift east by early next week allowing a southwesterly wind flow.

"It almost looks like the beginning of monsoon season for the Western Slope, but it's much earlier than normal," Pringle said.

The monsoon season means moist air swept from the Pacific Ocean into southern Mexico is conveyed to the Colorado mountains by southwesterly winds, Pringle said. The result is a steady pattern of afternoon showers.

At the same time, El Niña conditions still prevail over the Pacific, according to Pringle.

"It's too early to make long-range predictions, but El Niña conditions means we will have a wet June, but the rest of the summer will be dryer and hotter than usual," Pringle said.