Front Page

June 10, 1999

Sheriff's department:

Speeders beware

By John M. Motter

Archuleta County law enforcement is stepping up efforts to catch speeders, according to Sheriff Tom Richards.

"We'll be enforcing the speed limits throughout the county," Richards said. "A special emphasis is being placed on stopping speeding on roads that are used a lot and in the Fairfield Pagosa community. We're told that the commissioners are getting a lot of complaints from that area."

Traffic enforcement in the Fairfield Pagosa community is mostly accomplished by five reserve deputies working under the supervision of Sgt. Sean Curtis. The reserve deputies are supervised by the county sheriff, but paid by the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association.

Much of the push for greater speed limit enforcement is coming from the county commissioners. The commissioners see speed, in addition to increasing the likelihood of accidents, as increasing wear and tear on county roads. As a result, road maintenance costs are higher because of the speeding, the commissioners say.

"I want to make a point," said Commissioner Ken Fox. "We're encouraging the sheriff to enforce the posted speed limits within the county. At the same time, we need to educate the public about how speeding increases the wear on our roads."

Speed also plays a role in the life of magnesium chloride used by the county to alleviate dust and stabilize gravel road surfaces. An increased number of vehicles using a road and increased vehicular speed causes the magnesium chloride application to wear out sooner.

In order to emphasize their concern with speeding, the commissioners have joined with the town of Pagosa Springs to purchase a message board. The portable message board, when placed along a roadway, measures the speed of approaching vehicles. That vehicle's speed is flashed to the driver on a lighted display, juxtaposed against the proper speed limit.

"We hope the message board will make people more conscious of their speed," Fox said. "We will place it on various roads until the people using those roads have a chance to see how fast they are going."

Most of the posted county roads limit traffic to 35 miles per hour. The speed limit on unposted roads is set by state law at 40 miles per hour on straight portions of the road and 20 miles per hour around curves, according to Commissioner Bill Downey, who is a retired Colorado State Trooper.

The posted speed limit on Piedra Road, a U.S. Forest Service Road, is 35 miles per hour from its junction with U.S. 160 north to the cattle guard where the pavement ends. Beyond the pavement, the speed limit remains "generally 35 miles per hour," according to Bob Seiger, forest engineer for the San Juan and Rio Grande National Forest. The Forest Service is considering posting speed limit signs along Piedra Road for its entire length.

Through the coming summer, trucks from Weeminuche Construction Co. will haul gravel on an intermittent basis on Piedra Road from just above the Piedra River Bridge to the Fairfield Pagosa community. The Weeminuche trucks may be making as many as eight or nine round trips a day along the route, according to Dan Flack, the county engineer.

A booklet is being prepared by the commissioners detailing the cost of road maintenance in the county and the relationship between vehicular speed and the cost of road maintenance. When the booklet is ready, a public meeting will be called during which the county's road maintenance plans will be aired.


Police program aims at improving recruitment

By Karl Isberg

Responding to an increase in demands made on his department by recent growth in the area, and to the need to recruit officers who demonstrate the potential for long-term employment, Pagosa Springs Chief of Police Don Volger has instituted a new program aimed at recruiting local residents.

Volger's plan for a police recruit scholarship program was approved by the Pagosa Springs trustees and will be implemented in late June.

A recent move to fill a vacancy on the town police department roster provided Volger and Town Administrator Jay Harrington with an opportunity to focus on creating solutions to several problems related to recruitment procedures.

The first of the problems is to find a way to hire officers who will remain with the department. The task is to secure recruits who have a foundation in the community and who are likely to stay with the department for a significant period of time. A fairly high turnover rate for department officers has led Volger to the conclusion that an effort must be made to secure personnel who have a meaningful link to Pagosa Springs and Archuleta County.

Second is the problem of finding and employing Hispanic officers. With the recent vacancy, the department accepted applications for two testing cycles and received only one application from a Hispanic candidate. That candidate was not a resident of the area and did not respond to two invitations to travel to Pagosa Springs for tests and interviews.

"Traditionally," said Volger, "it has been difficult to find suitable cross-cultural applicants. Under Colorado law, we are required to hire only state-certified officers. Cross-cultural certified officers are at a premium throughout Colorado. Highly qualified cross-cultural officers can essentially choose their department, and we can't compete with the salaries offered by larger departments."

To deal with the problems he identified, Volger proposed the town create the police recruit scholarship program. His proposal was accepted by the town trustees at a meeting on June 7. The program will seek out local candidates to fill upcoming vacancies on the department roster and will pay the cost of basic law enforcement academy training necessary for Colorado certification of the officer.

"The scholarship," said Volger, "will be open to responsible Archuleta County residents who, preferably, have multi-generational ties to the area. Obviously, I would like the scholarship awarded to a cross-cultural candidate."

The town will advertise soon for applicants, and a list of potential candidates will be compiled. Individuals on the list will be contacted by the chief to encourage their participation in the process when a vacancy on the department occurs.

Applications and resumes will be submitted by all candidates and those documents will be reviewed by the chief and the town administrator.

From the original list, five applicants will be selected, interviewed and tested. The applicants will then be ranked according to their test and interview performances and a background check and psychological test will be conducted on the top-ranked applicant.

If the applicant passes the background check and succeeds in the testing the scholarship will be made available. If the selected candidate refuses the scholarship offer, the second-ranked candidate will be offered the opportunity following a successful background check and acceptable psychological test results.

Terms of the scholarship allow for payment by the town of the costs of academy training for an applicant, though it will not provide a salary during the training period. Currently, academy course are offered at facilities at Glenwood Springs, Delta, Pueblo and Trinidad. Costs for training vary from $2,500 to $4,500 depending on the location of the academy.

Law enforcement academy programs generally start the last week of August or the first week of September and continue for as long as 15 weeks.

Town officials will develop a contract outlining terms of the police scholarship. That contract could contain provisions requiring a commitment by a designated recruit to three years of service with the town police department, or reimbursement of all or part of the scholarship funds should the officer leave prematurely.

Volger is excited about the new scholarship program and anticipates success.

"I've been involved in hiring officers since 1984," he said. "I have always believed it is easier to retain qualified people who have, or develop a strong commitment to the town than it is to retain ones committed only to law enforcement. By starting this program, we have a chance to select candidates with a proven commitment to the community. Preferably, we will obtain the services of a mature and responsible individual who loves Pagosa Springs and is willing to change careers to become a peace officer. Ideally, we will find someone who has roots and ties here. We will consider all applicants, but hopefully we will be able to attract a candidate from our Hispanic community because that part of our population is not represented on the department at this time."


Land appraisal protests 'lighter than expected'

By John M. Motter

With the timeframe for tax payers to protest current year property valuations moving into its third week, the number of protests is "lighter than we expected," according to County Assessor Keren Prior.

Property values in Archuleta County this year showed significant increases, ranging from 8 to 61 percent of last year's values for single-family residences, and comparable jumps in other property classifications. The value of single-family residences constitutes a major portion of the total taxable value of county property.

Property in Colorado is reappraised every odd-numbered year for tax purposes. After property valuation notices are mailed to the property owners, the property owners have a 30-day window during which they can protest the assessed valuation at the treasurer's office. In Archuleta County, the last day for filing protests is June 24.

Through the first part of this week, 580 protests had been filed. The local office mailed out property valuations on 16,348 parcels of property, according to Prior.

"People have been very nice when they come in to protest," Prior said. "Some of them have been confused about how to read their statements. A lot of them confuse the property valuation with the actual taxes they will owe. We don't set the tax rate, we just set the property values. The tax rate is set by the various taxing entities, such as the county, school district, town, and various districts."

Some technical mistakes are included on the statements, such as having an incorrect number of acres, Prior said. Those mistakes are easy to correct.

"For most of the people who come in, talking to us is an educational process," Prior said. "They come to learn. They want to know how we arrived at the numbers on the statement. When they understand the appraisal process is controlled by the state, they seem to accept that. I haven't seen anyone who wasn't satisfied."

Colorado property is appraised at market value by comparing the property being appraised with the sale price received for properties recently sold in the same general area and having the same general characteristics. The appraised value is time adjusted to correspond to the value of the property had it been sold on June 30, 1998.

After the appraised value is determined, an assessed value is computed and ultimately, a taxable value. For example, single-family residences are taxed at just over 9 percent of their market values. The taxable values are certified by the assessor and forwarded to the various taxing agencies in time for budget consideration. Next year's tax billings and budgets will be based on the currently established property valuations.


Grant would reduce third-grade class size

By Roy Starling

The Archuleta County School District 50 Joint board took care of business in a variety of areas during a brief monthly meeting Tuesday night.

Grant proposals

Superintendent Terry Alley reported on seven grants, totaling over $300,000, the district has applied for. Four of these have already been approved. A $142,490 Title I grant will go towards addressing remedial reading skills. A Gifted Talented grant for $15,800 will fund a one half-time teacher for gifted/talented students in kindergarten through sixth grade.

A Title VI grant worth $6,900 will contribute to the salary of district liaison Ron Shaw. Alley said Shaw, who helps facilitate communication between the district and students' parents, has "done a great job and helped us out a lot. It's been a very beneficial program."

A Drug-Free School grant for $12,600 has also been approved. Some of that money will go towards Shaw's salary and some will fund crisis training.

Three other grants have not yet been officially approved, but Alley said he was confident that they would be. A Class-Size Reduction grant for $33,566 will fund an additional third-grade teacher to help the district reach its goal of having a 20-to-1 student-teacher ratio in first through third grades.

Alley said for the next academic year, he expects 16 students per teacher in first grade, 21 per teacher in second grade and 20 per teacher in third. "Without the grant," he said, "we would have had 24 students per teacher. This is the best we've done since I've been here."

The district has applied for a Colorado Preschool grant for 20 slots. "This program identifies 4- and 5-year-olds who could benefit from a preschool program to give them a head start going into kindergarten," Alley said. The students would be placed in an all-day program and "someone from Headstart or Seeds of Learning would probably run it," Alley said.

The program would be especially geared towards young people whose families were homeless, low income or unemployed, or who were born to teenaged parents. Students could only be in the program for one year.

Finally, Alley said he was working on a $65,000 vocational grant in conjunction with Bayfield, Ignacio and Silverton.

Bus driver salaries

In response to comments on bus drivers' salaries made by driver Jim Layne at last month's meeting, business manager Nancy Schutz reported on her research into salaries of surrounding districts. Schutz found that Archuleta County drivers are among the best paid in southwest Colorado.

Schutz researched the salaries, by hourly rate, of drivers for Alamosa, Bayfield, Centauri, Cortez, Dolores, Dove Creek, Durango, Ignacio, Monte Vista and Sargent. She said the average minimum hourly rate for district drivers was $11.61, the average maximum was $13.63, and the average was $12.62. Only Sargent was higher, with an average of $13.31. Sargent's average maximum rate was $15.51.

The average hourly rate for Bayfield drivers was $10.45; for Monte Vista, $10.11; for Ignacio, $10.46; and for Centauri, $11.29. Schutz said the 1999-2000 budget included "somewhere between a 4 and 5 percent increase for Archuleta County drivers."

Paving bids

The board approved a bid from Strohecker Asphalt and Paving to pave the parking lot and bus lane at the high school. The cost for paving the 79,300 square feet will be $84,463. The paving should be completed this summer.

The bus lane runs to the south of the school, connecting with South 5th Street which Alley said would be paved by the town.

Staff recommendations

The board approved the following staff recommendations: Scott White was hired as junior high social studies teacher, replacing Barbara Fjerstad; Melinda Volger replaces the retired Shirley Cope as assistant cross country coach; Mable Barber, who had earlier resigned from the position, was reassigned to coach cheerleading; Lisa Hudson was hired as high school English/social studies teacher; Patty Aragon will be the new cafeteria manager; and Anthony Sanchez has been added to the district custodial staff.

Elementary school secretary Retha Kornhaber was granted a one-year leave of absence.

Wellness benefit

Schutz told the board that employees that "work on a permanent, part-time basis will be provided with the district wellness benefit." There will be no deductibles and no co-pays.

The $300 benefit can be used for routine medical checkups, including pap smears, mammograms, prostate examinations and other diagnostic x-ray and lab tests, vaccinations, inoculations and preventative shots, and eye and ear exams.

Building budget

Schutz also said the district will apparently "come in at least $100,000 under budget" on the building of the new high school. "We earned more interest than projected on the investment of the money, and we didn't spend as much money on equipment as projected," she said.


Rodeo royalty tryouts

Royalty tryouts for the 1999 Fourth of July Red Ryder Roundup queen, attendant and princess will be held at 1 p.m. June 20 at the Red Ryder arena on U.S 84.

Applicants for rodeo queen or attendant may be married and must be between 15 and 25 years old. Applicants for the position of princess must be 8 to 14 years old. All applicants must have resided in Archuleta County for the past six months.

Former Red Ryder Roundup queens are not eligible to compete for the queen selection, nor can former princesses participate in this year's princess competition.

Applications for the Red Ryder Roundup royalty are available at Mountain Greenery on the corner of Lewis and 4th streets.

For more information about the royalty judging, phone Jennifer DeVorss at 264-4371 and leave a message.


Services held for Garcia

Lucinda E. Garcia of Pagosa Springs died in Durango on June 3, 1999.

Ms. Garcia was born in Durango on April 27, 1962, to Chris Garcia and Corina Hermosillo. She later moved to Denver, but returned to Pagosa Springs in 1979. She married and bore two children, Richard Garcia and Laura Martinez, both of Pagosa Springs. She was a housewife and mother, and had a special love for music.

She was preceded in death by her brother, Simon Garcia. She is survived by her mother Corina Hermosillo and her father, Chris Garcia, both of Pagosa Springs; her son Richard Garcia of Pagosa Springs; her daughter, Laura Martinez, also of Pagosa Springs; her brothers Jerry Garcia of Pagosa Springs and Toby Garcia of Denver; her grandmother, Eva Espinosa of Denver; two grandchildren, Natasha Garcia and Darron Garcia of Pagosa Springs; several aunts, uncles, and cousins, as well as many friends.

A recitation of the rosary was held for Ms. Garcia on Sunday, June 6. A mass of Christian burial was held on Monday, June 7. Both services were held at Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church. Interment was at Hilltop Cemetery.


 Inside The Sun

Culvert replacement closes N. Pagosa

By John M. Motter

North Pagosa Boulevard between Sweetwater Ave. and Mission Drive will be closed to all traffic Monday through Wednesday of next week, according to Dan Flack, the county engineer. The closing will enable Weeminuche Construction to replace two culverts along that stretch of North Pagosa Boulevard

"The culverts are rusted out," Flack said. "In order to replace them, it's absolutely essential to close the road. All through traffic will be rerouted to Piedra Road by way of Mission Boulevard on the north or Aspenglow Boulevard on the south."

Meanwhile, Weeminuche Construction gravel trucks will be making eight or nine trips a day up and down Piedra Road between a gravel pit in Hinsdale County and work being accomplished in the Fairfield Pagosa collection of subdivisions west of town.

The Fairfield Pagosa road work is being paid for from proceeds received from the $6.5 million bankruptcy settlement reached among Archuleta County, Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association, and Fairfield Communities Inc. The proceeds are being used to fund construction of roads that were not built, reconstruction of poorly built roads, and paving of other roads; all scheduled under subdivision improvements agreements with the county, but not carried out by the developer.

"A lot has already been accomplished," Flack said. "Because of the weather and because much of the ground is still wet, we've had to move around to places that are dry. We've been working where the ground is dry enough to work."

Grading, draining, and base course applications are about 95 percent completed in the Alpha area, Flack said. The surface course is being placed at the present time.

In Meadows III and Meadows IV, grading and drainage work are about 80 percent finished. Completion of the remaining tasks in the Meadows area is underway.

Clearing is about 80 percent complete in the Chris Mountain II and Trails areas. Grading and drainage work will start next.

Grading and drainage work is about 40 percent complete in Vista. Weeminuche crews are waiting for the roadways in Vista to dry before resuming work in that area.

Work on roads in South Village Lake is 99 percent complete, according to Flack, and final inspection of the work will take place later this month June.

Wet soil is delaying the completion of work in several areas.

"The ground looks dry on top, but when you dig down it is still wet," said Flack. "Work in Lake Forest, Lakewood, Lakeview, Ranch, Village Commercial, and North Village Lake is being held up on account of wet ground."

Other areas where workers are waiting for the ground to dry include Lake Hatcher and Highlands, both 50 percent completed; Martinez Mountain Estates I, grading and drainage 70 percent complete; Martinez Mountain Estates II, grading and drainage 90 percent complete; and Twincreek Village, grading and drainage 25 percent complete.

"Weeminuche will start paving Eaton Drive about June 20," Flack said. "Then, in order, they will do Hatcher Circle, Saturn Drive, North Pagosa Boulevard, Lake Forest Circle, Navajo Trail Drive, Bastille Drive, Seminole Drive, Hopi Drive, Mission Drive, Park Avenue, Vista Boulevard, and Aspenglow Boulevard. The 6-mile-long North Pagosa Boulevard will be paved in four segments."

Gravel from the Upper Piedra site is being used on work north of U.S. 160. Gravel for work south of U.S. 160 is being hauled from a pit on the Piedra River west of Chimney Rock.

Another new construction project on the county docket is Light Plant Road, scheduled to be rebuilt from the town limits to its junction with U.S. 84. The project is being jointly financed by the town and the county.

"We're still developing plans and working on right of ways for Light Plant Road," Flack said.

Other road work

The task of applying 450,000 gallons of magnesium chloride to county roads is about one-third complete, according to Kevin Walters, county road administrator. The Arboles and Fairfield Pagosa areas are finished, along with about one-half of Piedra Road. An equipment failure by the contractor applying the magnesium chloride momentarily delayed completion of Piedra Road, Walters said.

Piedra Road should have received its final application of the road salt Wednesday, but that effort is being coordinated with the gravel hauling trucks and the timing could change, Walters said. When Piedra Road is completed, the magnesium chloride crews will move, in order, to Piedra Estates, Fourmile Road, and Snowball Road.

Last year the county recycled a paved portion of Trujillo Road by grinding up the existing asphalt and reapplying it. This year, the same process will be worked on a portion of Vista Boulevard

Finally, a message board being purchased as a joint effort by the county and the town of Pagosa Springs should arrive before July 4, Walters said. The message board is programmable and contains a radar gun capable of measuring the speed of approaching vehicles. That speed will be displayed to the motorist, along with the speed limit for the stretch of road being monitored.

"The purpose of the message board is to make people aware of how fast they are going," Walters said. "Maybe they will voluntarily slow down, once they know they have been speeding."

The message board will be set up on roads that receive a great deal of usage, such as Piedra Road, and North and South Pagosa Boulevard, Walters said.


County reaches agreement with planner

By John M. Motter

Mike Mollica, the planning director for Winchester, Conn., during the past year, has been hired as director of community development by the Archuleta County commissioners. Mollica is tentatively scheduled to start work June 21 for a salary of $43,000 a year.

"A written contract has not been signed," said County Manager Dennis Hunt, "but we've reached verbal agreement with Mollica."

Before moving to Connecticut, Mollica was employed in Colorado at a planning position with Eagle County for three years and before that with Vail, for eight years. Mollica has a bachelor's degree in recreation management from the University of Vermont and a master's degree in landscape architecture from North Carolina State University, Hunt said.

Mollica's responsibilities in Archuleta County include developing long-range planning principles and supervising the planning and building departments.

"My idea is that he will spend 5 percent of his time supervising the planning and building departments," said Commissioner Ken Fox, "and the rest of his time developing long-range planning - by that I mean five, 10 and 20 years."

"I pretty much agree with Ken," said Commissioner Bill Downey.

The planning director's job description for the position calls for working under the direction of the county manager. The planner "performs professional and administrative work in planning and building and exercises general supervision over professional and technical personnel in the planning and building departments."

He is responsible for all aspects of the county's long-range and current planning and building programs. Among his duties: develop and update the county's comprehensive plan for county development involving all elements of the long-range planning programs and tools for implementation; develop and direct county special projects as directed by the county manager such as census and economic development; review and make recommendations to the planning commission and county commissioners on requests for subdivision and other development related codes; serve as the county's planning representative on intergovernmental planning bodies; coordinate planning activities with other local and regional planning agencies and groups; direct the planning and building department work program and supervise all planning and building department staff and contract consultants; and prepare and administer the annual planning and building department budgets.


Republicans celebrate Lincoln Day

By Karl Isberg

Archuleta County Republicans will gather at Town Park on June 12 for their annual Lincoln Day celebration.

Republicans and friends will meet at the park from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Tickets for the event are $10 and picnic-goers will be served a barbecue lunch.

According to Ross Aragon, chairman of the Archuleta County Republican Party, Colorado Rep. Mark Larson of the 59th District will attend the festivities. Aragon said that other dignitaries, including U.S. Rep. Scott McGinnis, have indicated they will try to attend the annual event.

An auction featuring pies and other items will be conducted to raise funds for the party, with Archuleta County Sheriff Tom Richards handling the chores as auctioneer.


Website eases communication with schools

By Roy Starling

For many parents, communication with the school district just got a lot easier.

When the 1999-2000 academic year rolls around, district schools will be using a website provided free by the Family Education Network that will contain "all the basic school information," according to district system director Robyn Bennett.

The new site is at There is a link to the site on the district's main website:

The site provides staff listings for each building, including e-mail addresses and, for the high school, voice-mail numbers. "We're hoping that parents who need to get in touch with teachers will e-mail them, and teachers will respond," Bennett said. "This will cut down on delays caused by missed phone calls."

According to Bennett, the site will allow "each class to have its own folder which could include homework assignments and any other classroom information teachers would like to put on there."

Bennett said the site will also include school lunch menus, school calendars, and information about school activities and sporting events. Job openings in the district will also be posted on the site.

Superintendent Terry Alley said the site also has "lots of links parents can go to. There's all kinds of good information on there, especially on parenting and education." Those links are to over 8,000 pages of award-winning articles and information from the Family Education Network. These resources cover such topics as toddler issues, coping with learning disabilities, and college financing.

For parents of students considering a college education, high school counselor Mark Thompson will have a page with information about admissions and financial aid. That page will be updated regularly.


County reimburses Arnold

By John M. Motter

Archuleta County is reimbursing Tom Arnold for money Arnold lost when he purchased property through a sheriff's sale, land the county had already sold through a treasurer's sale.

Arnold's money went to the Pagosa Lakes Property Owner's Association to pay for delinquent property owner assessments. The land Arnold thought he was buying at the sheriff's sale went to another buyer who had purchased the land through the treasurer's office by paying the delinquent back taxes.

No one seems to be certain as to why the county managed to sell the same piece of land twice. Some facts are known. A man did obtain an "option" on the property in question by paying the back taxes and obtaining a treasurer's certificate more than three years ago.

A treasurer's deed conveying title cannot be issued until three years have elapsed following the issuance of a treasurer's certificate for having paid the back taxes. During the three years, the original property owner who owed the back taxes can pay the delinquent taxes and penalties, including interest to the person who has paid the taxes, and reclaim the property.

In this instance, Jerry Dermody, a realtor acting on behalf of Arnold, purchased a piece of property at a sheriff's sale. A demand from the PLPOA concerning delinquent property owner dues triggered the sheriff's sale. Dermody paid the PLPOA dues and ordered a search to determine if there were any encumbrances against the property. There were, back taxes. Dermody said he visited the treasurer's office and offered to pay the back taxes. A clerk there told him there was a 75-day waiting period before he could pay the back taxes.

In the meantime, the person who had paid the back taxes more than three years ago through the treasurer's office applied for and received a treasurers deed. That person now owned the property. Arnold's money was already in the hands of the PLPOA and the association was not about to refund money it considered to be rightfully the PLPOA's.

Arnold, consequently, was missing the money he'd spent and also had no new property.

Dermody appealed to the county commissioners on Arnold's behalf, asking for some form of relief.

After studying the situation for a week, the commissioners on Monday agreed to reimburse Arnold the money he had spent at the sheriff's sale.

"The commissioners felt there was probably some form of miscommunication between Dermody and the clerk in the treasurer's office," said County Attorney Larry Holthus. "That's why they agreed to cover Arnold's losses.

The exact amount of reimbursement Arnold will receive had not been determined by noon Wednesday.



Monday is Flag Day

America's Flag Day is celebrated June 14 in memory of the day in 1777 when the Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the official flag of the fledging United States of America. Flag Day is not an official national holiday, but to veterans and many other U.S. citizens it is a significant day of remembrance.

Our history books tell us that on June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress resolved "the Flag of the united states be 13 stripes alternate red and white, and the Union be 13 stars in a blue field representing a new constellation."

The early flag of the United States received its first salute from another nation on February 14, 1778, when French vessels in Quiberon Bay, France, saluted John Paul Jones and his ship "Ranger."

No one knows who designed this flag, or who made the first one. Soon after the flag was adopted, Congressman Francis Hopkinson of Pennsylvania claimed that he had designed the flag. In 1870, William J. Canby claimed that his grandmother, Betsy Ross, who was a flag maker during the Revolutionary War, had made the first U.S. flag.

Though historians might argue as to who made the first flag, Americans should have no questions Monday as to why they should show respect to their flag that so many patriots have fought and died for.

David C. Mitchell

Dear Folks
By David C. Mitchell

Marines on a mission land in Pagosa

Dear Folks,

Some day someone should write a book about Pagosa and title it "A Bicycle Run Through It."

Evidently U.S. 160 is the route of choice for folks hardy enough for such 3,000-mile rides. Another cross-country bicycling endeavor passed through Pagosa Tuesday.

This most recent venture involves four Marine officers who are biking 90 miles and running 10 miles a day from California to Washington, D.C. They had started "The Mission" at the Marine Air Station in Irvine, Calif. on June 1. They plan to celebrate its completition at the Marines' Iwo Jima Monument, just across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., on June 27.

Then it's back to active duty for Majors Stu Helgeson, Art Bornschein, Mike Monroe and Mark Johnson. It was Major Monroe's idea that the cross-country ride-run would be a great way to log some inactive duty.

So the four got themselves assigned to "delay of duty" status. This means they are not on leave, they aren't on active duty nor are they being paid their monthly salary - they are on their own.

They're not totally on their own, Stu Helgeson's dad is driving their supply wagon - a Ryder truck - from rest stop to rest stop to provide sufficient high carbohydrate snacks and fluids along the way.

And oh yes, Mark Johnson's mom decided she would drive her car as far as from Durango to Fair Grove, Mo. in order to watch out for Mark and his friends. Even when you're a major in the Marine Corps, 34 years old, 6-4, in top physical condition and have completed the U.S. Army Ranger School; a Mom wants to be sure her boy is eating properly and getting enough rest.

The stop in Pagosa was not part of the orders of the day, but all four riders said they were glad they had. They agreed the scenery from Durango to Pagosa had been the best they had seen. And though they did not look forward to riding up Wolf Creek Pass, the view from Put Hill had convinced them the prettiest vistas lay ahead. They weren't the nominal tourists, but like many before them, they were saying they had fallen in love with Pagosa.

The longtime friends were already discussing spending some leave time in Pagosa for some rest and recreation. Something that should be a welcome change once The Mission is accomplished.

Folks wanting to support The Mission that Majors Monroe, Johnson, Helgeson and Bornschein have assigned themselves, may send their donations to the Children's Hopes & Dreams Foundation, 280 Route 46, Dover NJ 07801. Be sure and note that your donation is for "The Mission" charity event.

Know you are loved and please keep us in your prayers. David


By Shari Pierce

Building a 'historic' landmark

The representation of the hot springs as seen on the new Pagosa Street mural is that of the cone of the fountain as seen at the Springs. Conversations with Bob Curvey, Gene and Jackie Schick and Stan Zuege helped me piece together this information about how the structure came to be.

After Sam Arnold purchased the Springs property, he set out to build it into a destination resort. The motel had about 20 units. Instead of the pools to soak in along the river that we have today, there were bath houses; separate ones for the men and women.

Arnold built a restaurant to supplement his motel in 1963. Today this building houses Juan's Mountain Sports. Part of Arnold's improvements included landscaping - that led to the construction of the mineral-encrusted fountain.

Gene and Jackie Schick moved to the Spring Inn Motel in the fall of 1962 to manage the property for Arnold. They remember the fountain being constructed in about 1963 by Tom Flaugh. The new fountain was constructed of rock, cemented together to give it its basic shape. A pipe was run from near the bath houses to the fountain to carry the mineral water. As the water ran down over the fountain, it coated the rockwork with minerals. Over the years, the fountain has grown in size as the minerals have continued to build up on it. Mrs. Schick estimates the fountain has doubled in its diameter over the years.

As a part of his marketing campaign, Arnold advertised that if a person came and took 21 baths in the Pagosa mineral water, they would be cured of what ailed them. According to Mrs. Schick, there wasn't any medical proof to Arnold's claims, it was just what he came up with. Mr. Schick said that many people came to soak in the tubs and would stay for 21 days. They would sometimes return for weekend visits or to stay another three weeks. The baths were $1 and 50 to 110 people would come to soak each day.

Another of Arnold's marketing ideas was packaging the "mineral water mud." This was the mud behind the bath houses which was white because of the mineral deposits in it. Arnold acquired blue glass jars to put the mud in. The jars were complete with labels and a rendering of the hot springs. Gene Schick would dig the mud and it was the chore of the Schick children, Greg and Kathy, to screen the mud to fill the jars. They would screen it through filters and then rescreen it to make it very fine. Of course, the children were paid for their efforts. The mud was used for facials and sold for $2.50 per jar. Arnold marketed it to beauty shops in surrounding areas and people would stop by the Spring Inn to buy some.

Bob Curvey's parents, Bob and Helen Curvey purchased the Spring Inn in the late 1960s. Curvey remembers there used to be flood lights along the river that shone on the fountain at night. He said it was a beautiful sight. He suggested that perhaps Arnold built the fountain as "a testimony to minerals in the water and how beautiful they can be."

The fountain has benefited from the mineral water over the years as it has been relatively maintenance free. The constant stream of water running over the fountain keeps the minerals from drying out and contributes to the constant growth of the cone as it rises above the river.

25 years ago

EMT program starts in Pagosa

Taken from SUN files of June 13, 1974

Ray Johnson, physician's assistant at the Dr. Mary Fisher Medical Center is conducting an emergency medical training course in the community. Various medical personnel including Dr. Gary Jansen and Johnson are giving instruction to a group of dedicated local citizens in the technical 84-hour course on providing medical assistance in emergency situations.

Volunteer firemen were called out again late last Wednesday night by a fire near the low rental housing project in the northwest side of town. A second call was answered on Saturday night when the Felix Gallegos house caught fire. The fire has been classed as arson and three men have been arrested and charges of arson filed against them.

The first annual Community and County Great Celebration of Old Fashioned Friendliness is set for Saturday. Sponsored by the chamber of commerce, it was organized to give newcomers, visitors, old-timers and just about anyone a chance to get together, make new acquaintances, enjoy a potluck picnic and other assorted amusements.

A forest fire, which burned approximately seven acres, broke out on Jackson Mountain last Sunday afternoon. The fire was lightening caused and was brought under control by last Sunday night. The fire mainly burned oak brush.


Community News
Local Chatter
By Kate Terry

A look back at Flag Day history

We celebrate Flag Day on June 14, the day in 1777 when Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the nation's flag.

The 13 stars and stripes represented the 13 original colonies. As states were added, so were stars; additional stripes would have crowded the design. There was a time though during the Civil War when some people wanted to drop seven stars representing the number of states that had seceded from the Union, but Abraham Lincoln said no. A smart guy!

A flag is a piece of cloth, square or oblong, on which is printed a design, for decorative purposes or to stand for something. When Richard Nixon was President, Doubleday and Company published a book, "Dear Mr. President" including letters written to him by children. Credit can't be given to the author of this poem entitled "Poem" because names weren't given, but this young author had something to say.

"If I were a flag, Flying in the sky, Standing very high, Seeing every sight, Fighting for the right, I think I would be happy, Standing so bright."

The American flag is the symbol that we must rally around to commemorate our proud heritage. It stands for "Us," the American people, our heritage, our hopes and our dreams. A famous Episcopal bishop once said that when one takes away the structure, the substance runs out. The American flag stands for our structure.

One of history's finest moments is recorded in the photograph of the planting of the American flag on Mt. Suribachi on the island Iwo Jima February 19, 1945, by six United States Marines during World War II.

The photograph taken by Time magazine photographer Joe Rosenthal was the most famous war picture of all time. It won the 1945 Pulitzer Prize for photography and was a stamp issued July 11, 1945, as a tribute to the Marines who fought in World War II.

The federal government was petitioned to build a grand monument to immortalize the picture. Felix De Weldon, a young sculptor who had a clay replica of the picture sculpted within 72 hours of seeing the picture, was hired to do the monument. It took eight years to complete and was dedicated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower November 10, 1954. The three survivors were Rene Gagnon, John Bradley, and Ira Hayes (who lived in a $50 hut on a Gila Reservation). The survivors modeled for De Weldon; the three who died on Iwo Jima had their bodies recreated using pictures and measurements.

Each figure is 32 feet high, the flag pole is 60 feet in length. It's the world's tallest bronze statue, standing 78 feet high with a cloth flag flying from the pole. It cost $850,000 (1945 dollars). All monies were donated; no public funds were used. It's called the Marine Corps Memorial and is located in Arlington, Virginia.

There is a replica of the Iwo Jima monument in Newington, Connecticut, erected by the Iwo Jima Survivors Association in memory of 6,821 of their comrades who gave their lives at Iwo Jima. The 100 names of those from Connecticut are inscribed on the base. This monument, named the National Iwo Jima Memorial Monument, was dedicated February 23, 1995, the fiftieth Anniversary of the historic flag raising on Iwo Jima.

A section of a Connecticut expressway is called the Iwo Jima Memorial Expressway. One hundred evergreen trees are planted in its median, one for every Connecticut man killed at Iwo Jima.

Actually there were two flags raised at Iwo Jima, one at 10 a.m. and the other at 12:15 p.m. When Rosenthal and the other photographers arrived at Iwo Jima they heard that a Battalion of 40 men had made the treacherous 550-foot climb up the rough and crusty Suribachi mountain side. But Rosenthal wanted to get a shot so he trudged up with the other photographers getting to the top just before noon. Rosenthal saw a group of six marines carrying a twenty-foot lead pipe and a large American Flag. He got closer, built a mound of stones and topped it with a sandbag, so that he could see better, and snapped the most famous of all war photographs.

I am indebted to Sepp Ramsberger and Jim Wilson for information for this column, and for the wonderful book, "Moments - the Pulitzer Prize Photographs" in the Sisson Library.

The American Legion Post 108 will hold a Flag Day observance at 6:30 p.m. at Legion Building in Town Park. A part of this observance will be the retiring of old American flags. The public is invited.

Chamber News
By Sally Hameister

Lucky locals lavished with loot

We're delighted to welcome back our old friend, John Montoya with Special Runs Daily. We have missed John, and I was ready to contact him when he walked through the door exclaiming that he had just remembered to renew. John offers parts pickup and delivery, in-town errands and emergency transportation to Farmington, Durango, Dulce and the Four Corners area. You can call John at 731-2646 to learn more about Special Runs Daily.

More old friends join us this week. Caroline Brown brings us Friends of Native Cultures located in Chimney Rock. Friends of Native Cultures is a volunteer nonprofit organization sponsoring indigenous peoples of the Southwest inviting them to present their traditional music dances and songs for the public at archaeological sites in the Four Corners region. If you would like to know more about this program, please call Caroline at 731-4248.

Big winners

Once again, we held a drawing at ALLTEL's recent SunDowner and are pleased to announce the five winners of our weekly "Five Minutes of Fame." As most of you know, winners enjoy their somewhat shortened version of Andy Warhol's fifteen minutes of fame on the Wednesday morning KWUF "Good Morning Pagosa!" show with Don Stubbs and me. We hope that those who spend the time with us have an opportunity to talk a bit about their business and maybe even share an insight or two about themselves that may not be common knowledge. We have had a great time with it to date and want to congratulate this month's winners. We hope you join us. Winners are Jeff Abbe of Treasure Valley Coffee; Dick Warring of Landstar Inway; Roy Vega of New York Life Insurance Company; Mark Jones (Jonesy), photographer and tile artist; and Mike Branch, CPA and unscrupulous land developer. Mike also indicated that it was tough and told us that the second moniker was one suggested by a friend. Mike also indicated that it was tough being interviewed by me because I talk all the time. Could this be true? At any rate, we hope you will plan to attend our next SunDowner and take a chance on winning a spot on "Five Minutes of Fame" in July.

Local appreciation

Congratulations to the 11 winners selected from hundreds and hundreds of entries in our recent Local Appreciation Week drawing. These lucky individuals won some incredibly cool prizes donated by the participating merchants as a way of saying "thanks a bunch" for all the local support throughout the year. Please check out the full-page ad in the Preview for the names of all the merchants who supported Local Appreciation Week. Congratulations go out to Randy Anderson, Linda Rackham, Lee Hill, Katruh Miller, Dani Sechand, Mike Marchand, Bryan Dominguez, Gary Lattin, Rhonda Ward, Kurt Killion and Rita Zeek. I know you will all enjoy your extraordinary prizes.


Confession time again - I goofed on a location recently and would like to take this opportunity to correct my mistake. Allston Designworks has moved to a new location at 103 Pagosa Street, the yellow Victorian directly before the bridge on the right as you are heading east out of town. Owner Gayle Allston had received a confused call as to where she had moved after reading my goofy rendition written throughout several distractions and a crisis or two. Sorry, Gayle.

Cattle drive

Ralph and Karen Delado, owners of Pack Saddle Ranch Bed and Breakfast, are offering a truly unique experience to those of you who have pined to live the life of a real cowboy, even for a short time. In conjunction with the Mars Ranch of Bayfield, they are offering you the opportunity to join them on a southwest Colorado cattle drive for three days and 20 miles right here in the glorious San Juans. This event will take place June 29, June 30 and July 1, rain or shine, and is available to only 16 people. Reservations should be made as soon as possible for both the cattle drive and lodging at the Pack Saddle Ranch, where rooms are limited. June 20 is the deadline for your deposit check which will secure your spot. The cost for the cattle drive, meals and entertainment will be $225 per person for one day only or $190 person, per day, for two or three days. The price includes breakfast at the PSR, a sack lunch, a special chuckwagon dinner with entertainment, at PSR, and a horse. The cost of lodging at the Pack Saddle Ranch is not included and will depend on the room or cabin desired. A deposit check of 50 percent will be required to reserve lodging and may be included in the deposit for the cattle drive. I would move rather quickly on this one. I would imagine that there are plenty of former "city slickers" who would dearly love to go on a cattle drive.

Big numbers

You may not be surprised to learn that the month of May brought over 800 more guests to our Visitor Center than during the same month in '98. Yep, we saw 3,316 folks in May and 2,593 the previous May. Our year-to-date figure is 2,100 over last year at this time, so I think we're in for a whale of a summer, kids. Our Diplomats are more than earning those big paychecks we hand out to them on a regular basis, don'cha know. I want to interject a huge note of gratitude to our Diplomats - they have been "on duty" now since May 17, and it is a slice of heaven to have them here hosting, meeting and greeting. We all owe them our undying gratitude and possibly our firstborn child for all that they do. Be sure to thank them when you see them.

Bee-yoo-ti-ful baskets

Many thanks to the good folks at Ace Hardware for accommodating our "hanging baskets" project. Ken Harms, Suellen and I delivered around 70 baskets to businesses on Friday and Monday, and we felt like Santa Claus. The baskets were so beautiful that those on the receiving end were thrilled to have them. Some ordered more. Kendall McAlister and Carol were especially helpful in fulfilling a rather large order for us. We intend to offer this service every year and appreciate Cappy White for instigating the Chamber spring beautification project. We hope that even more of you will take advantage of this service next year. It's not every day that you can order something beautiful and have it delivered right to your door.


Pagosa Lakes
By Ming Steen

Shoreline fishing derby at Lake Hatcher

Bring the children out to the free fishing derby tomorrow from 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. at the Lake Hatcher jetty-boat ramp area. Fishing will be done from the shoreline as no boats or floats will be allowed. Awards will be presented for the biggest and the most fish caught for different age groups. Parental supervision is required. Lunch will be served to derby participants. See you all at Lake Hatcher with your youngster, rod, bait, cap and sunscreen. A PLPOA issued lake-use permit is not required.

Call the Rec Center (731-2051) to get your children enrolled in summer swim lessons. Give your children an opportunity to learn a life-long skill.

To enable mothers with young children to enjoy uninterrupted exercise, the Recreation Center is making baby-sitting services available from 9 to 10 a.m. Friday.

Greeting cards from the President of the United States are available to individuals celebrating an 80th birthday or more or couples on their 50th anniversary. To arrange for a card, send your request at least four weeks ahead of time to the Greetings Office, Room 39, the White House, Washington, D.C. 20502. Be sure to include the name of the honoree, address and date of the event.

Lonny Low has 40 more years to wait before he receives a presidential birthday greeting. Lonny turned 40 recently and his wife Shelley hosted a huge surprise party. I don't know if Lonny has decided which was harder to take - turning 40 or walking into your own home and finding a house-full of friends. Congratulations Lonny as you gain entry into the elite over the hill crowd headed by Karl Isberg. You'll have to see these guys in action in the weight room to appreciate their commitment to brawn.

The PLPOA monthly board meeting will be held tonight at 7 in the Pagosa Lakes Clubhouse. Members and observers are encouraged to attend. Public comments are heard at the beginning of the meeting.

The following agenda for tonight's meeting was provided by the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association:

- Call to Order

- Approval of Agenda

- Approval of board meeting minutes

- Public comments

Non-departmental Committee Reports

- Treasurer's Report, Director Judy Esterly

- Road Maintenance and Improvements Report, Director Fred Ebeling

- Rules Committee Report, Director Ebeling

- Ad Hoc Golf Course Committee Report, President Nan Rowe

- Election Committee Report, Director Ebeling

- Lakes, Fisheries and Parks Committee

- Public Safety Committee Report, Director Pat Curtis

- Recreational Amenities Committee Report, Vice President John Nelson

General Manager's Report, Waynette Nell

New Business:

A. Appointment of new director

B. Objection to ECC variance decision - Leslie Smith

C. Fee waiver requests

D. Road Committee recommendation - Gene Cortright

E. Amendment to ECC building package

F. Bank Resolution 99-28 - Norwest Investment Services

G. Bank Resolution 99-29 - Norwest Bank

H. Bank Resolution 99-30 - Pine River Valley Bank

I. Bank Resolution 99-31 - First National Bank of Durango

J. Bank Resolution 99-32 - Raymond James Financial Services Inc.

K. Bank Resolution 99-33 - Morgan Stanley/Dean Witter Reynolds

L. Resolution 99-34 - Authorizing the Association to sign the settlement agreement with Pagosa Meadows III, Tracts I and IV owners

M. Proposed changes to Declaration of Restrictions for Meadows IV


Senior News
By Thelma Risinger

Picnic in the Park celebrates Father's Day

Hello everybody.

The Picnic in the Park this Friday, June 11, is an annual picnic given by senior citizens to celebrate Father's Day. Be sure and come as the meal will be "Seniors Choice" and extra good, consisting of barbecue beef, potato salad, cole slaw, rolls and watermelon. There was a misprint about the picnic in my column last week and I hope it made no difference.

On Monday, June 7 the menu will be Swedish meatballs, mixed veggies, whole wheat rolls and fruit-cup.

On Wednesday June 9, the menu will be baked fish fillet, baked potato, cole slaw, roll and apricots.

Jewell Walton is "Senior of the Week" out here at El Centro (June 1-4). Jewell was born and raised here and is eighty-seven years old. She raised three children here and is an "old-timer." Jewell has been my friend close to 70 years. We have a good time with Jewell at El Centro.

Wednesday's volunteers were: Teresa Diestlekamp, Kathy Perry, Lena Bowden and Kurt Killion.

The five new chairs at the Senior Center are beautiful, so soft and restful for the old ones, thanks to Gene Copeland, our president.

Senior Citizens will be swimming at the Pagosa Lodge swimming pool on Mondays 9 a.m., instead of the Spa, as I wrote last week. Thanks to Pagosa Lodge for this.

Mary Lucero is "Senior of the Week" out here at El Centro (June 6-11). Mary is senior of every week as far as we are concerned. Mary helps on the bus and around the dining room a lot. We have a good time with Mary. Senior of the week has a free meal on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

It is great to have Marion Knowles with us for the summer. Marion lives in Arizona in the winter.

Jim and Roby Fox are spending more time here this summer. They say they will soon have two sons living here. Welcome.

Welcome to Elenor and Jack Jones from Mesa, Ariz. They love our country.

The Senior bus travels to Durango each Tuesday at 9 a.m., returning late afternoon. The fare is $6 round trip for Seniors.

We will see you at the picnic in the park. Friday, June 11.


Library News
by Lenore Bright

Sign up for library's 'Title Wave'

Come in Monday and sign up for Title Wave, the six-week-long summer reading program. Also sign up for the Archuleta County Fair Reading Program. It is open to students in grades one through eight. This is an entirely different program from the Library's. Our six-week program is open to children of all ages from preschool to the "golden years."


We've received our seasonal stack of interesting tidbits from the State Library. We serve as a distribution center for a variety of pamphlets and brochures produced by many different state agencies, and nonprofit organizations. These documents help keep us in touch with the rest of the state. You're always welcome to come look them over if something is of interest to you.


The Student Conservation Association (SCA) provides high school and college students and other adults the opportunity to volunteer their services for better management of our nation's parks, public lands and cultural resources. If someone you know would like more information on how to apply, ask for a coupon to get a catalog and application. There is a $1 charge for the catalog. Resource Assistants serve in a professional capacity for about 12 weeks. Some of the areas are archaeology, backcountry and wilderness management, forestry, geology, wildlife and fisheries.

There is no tuition and anyone 18 years or older and out of high school may apply. There is no tuition fee, and applicants are provided with a travel grant, free housing, and a food allowance. For more information, ask for a coupon at the desk.

Student assessment

Colorado's new Standards-Based Education system is in place to help all students. A brochure explaining what accommodations are available for children with special needs is available at the desk. There is also a copy in Spanish.

Special education

Colorado Special Education is a committee interested in the education of children/youth with disabilities. They advise and advocate and serve as a liaison among parents, local educational agencies and the Colorado department of education. Pick up a brochure at the desk.

Health Agencies

There are more than 25 agencies in the state devoted to major illnesses such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis and stroke. This brochure lists the various groups with addresses and phone number.

New exhibit

The Denver Art Museum is displaying the work of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec portraying Paris in the 1890s. The exhibit is in Denver and New York only. It runs until July 4. Call 1-888-9030-ART for tickets.

New book

"Confucius Lives Next Door." By T. R. Reid of National Public Radio, is the discussion of why Japan, China, Taiwan and other East Asian countries enjoy the low crime rates, stable families, excellent education and civil harmony that remains so elusive in the West.

Mr. Reid and his family spent many years in Asia and he brings much insight to this interesting subject. This book tells of lessons we might want to use, and what we want to avoid.


We are most appreciative of Mr. and Mrs. A.R. Bohannon Jr. for their donation that will be matched by Exxon Corporation. Carol Mestas in memory of Ben Talamante. Dr. Robin Murphy for three videos on psychology and homeopathy. And materials from: Phyllis Decker, Barbara Carlos, Donald Mowen, Dan and Melissa Keuning, Robert and Janice Clinkenbeard, Cate Guisinger, Joanie Driesens, Kate Lister, Anita Hinger, Charlotte Buris, Pris Severn, Karen Wessels, Carol and Arv Fisher, Jake Mackensen, Scotty Gibson, Lee Ligon, and Marilyn Young.

Arts Line
By Trisha Blankenship

Hannah and her sisters exhibit tonight

Tonight is the night you have the opportunity to witness the amazing works of 12-year-old Hannah Draus and her two Shard Sisters, Laura Winzeler and Jan Parrish.

The wait is finally over because the big event is tonight at the Arts Council gallery in Town Park from 5 to 7 p.m. Some works to look forward to are Hannah's acrylic portraits, including one of Princess Diana, along with her floral acrylic talent. Also expect some unique and eye-catching shard mosaic art from Laura Winzeler along with her sister in the trade of Pique Assiete (French for "stolen from the plate"). This looks to be an exciting and diverse exhibit from three very talented ladies. So drop on by to view this amazing trio tonight at their opening reception, or if you just can't make it, swing by any time June 11 through June 23 to catch a glimpse of a worthwhile exhibit.

Film society

Is Pagosa Springs ready for a full time film society? It would seem so as a screening of Peter Weir's "Picnic at Hanging Rock," will take place June 18 at 6:30 p.m. in the Parish Hall. Pagosa Springs resident John Graves was executive producer of this award-winning Australian feature, and will give some background and inside information about its production. After the movie, there will be a discussion on potential interest in an ongoing film society to view and discuss a different feature film each month. This sounds like a film that should not be missed. Reviews are favorable from some well known film critics such as Siskel and Ebert, and Vincent Canby of The New York Times. As some may know, Peter Weir was an Academy Award and Golden Globe nominee this year as Best Director for "The Truman Show." His other acclaimed works include "Gallipoli," "The Last Wave," "The Dead Poets Society," "Green Card," and "Witness." Admission to this screening is $3, which includes refreshments.

Arts camp

There is still space left for young artists in the second session of the Pagosa Springs Art Council Summer Arts Camp, for grades two to nine. The second session starts on June 21 with meetings on Mondays through Thursdays at the Pagosa Springs Elementary School. The Summer Arts camp is aimed at children who love art, who can't get enough of it, and who want to learn more about art, in a creative, supportive setting. Some of the activities included are pottery, drawing, painting, paper arts, art and nature, and weaving. There is even a fun and enlightening field trip scheduled for June 25 to visit Tierra Wools in Los Ojos, N. M., where ranchers raise sheep for their wool. Students from either session are invited to attend the field trip. Tuition for camp is $75. For more information contact Tessie Garcia at 264-4620.

Writer wanted

The PSAC is still searching for that one individual in our vast community who possesses a little time along with some writing skill to be that final Artsline writer. Is this you? The PSAC is also on the lookout for a membership committee volunteer. If you know anyone fitting the requirements of these two positions or if you fit the description of one of the above positions contact, Joan Hageman at 264-4863

Summer hours

Don't forget the new summer hours at the PSAC arts gallery are now in effect. This means more time for you to view the great talented artists in your community.

Hours are 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday. Now you know, and there's no excuse for you not to enjoy your vast and diverse community of artists.

Studio tour

Plans are underway for the Pagosa Springs Arts Council 1999 fund-raiser on Saturday, August 14, from 2 to 6 p.m.

As part of this fund-raiser, the public will have a unique opportunity to view local artists at work in their own studio environment. We already have a number of artists who have committed to this project, but we don't want to leave anyone out and we're looking for a wide variety of artistic expression.

If you are an artist who works at home or in a noncommercial studio and would like to be included in the Studio Art Tour, please call Marti Capling (731-9770) or Clare Burns (731-9148), as we need to get the list of participants finalized. Make sure we include you by calling today.


Sports Page

It's almost time for Fun Day Rodeo series

The 1999 Pagosa Springs Fun Day Rodeo series gets underway Saturday, June 19, at 11 a.m. at the Red Ryder arena. Competitions for the point series also will be held on July 17, Aug. 14 and Sept. 18.

The Fun Day rodeos offer competition in seven age divisions ranging from 5 and under to 20 and older. Contestants ages as of June 1 determine which age group the riders will compete in for the 1999 series.

Sign ups for entries will start at 10 a.m. on the days of each rodeo. An entry fee of $1 per event will be charged for riders competing in the 5-and-under lead line division. Entry fees for all other age groups will be $3 per event or $10 for the day's rodeo.

Ribbons will be awarded to the top six finishers in each event at each of the Saturday rodeos.

Following the Sept. 18 rodeo, belt buckles will be awarded to the series high-point winners in each age group (excluding the lead line division.) Additional prizes will be awarded for accumulative series scores down to sixth-place awards. Contestants must participate in at least three of the four Fun Day rodeos in order to be eligible for the overall year-end prizes.

Contestants in the 5-and-under lead line division will compete in goat tagging, flag racing, barrel racing and pole bending.

Riders in the 5-and-under division will compete in goat tagging, flag racing, barrel racing and pole bending.

Youngsters riding in the 6- to 8-year-old division will compete in flag racing, ribbon racing, barrel racing and pole bending.

Riders competing in the 9- to 11-year-old division will compete in flag racing, breakaway roping, barrel racing and pole bending.

Entrants in the 12- to 14-year-old divisions will compete in flag racing or team roping, breakaway roping, barrel racing and pole bending.

Contestants in the 20-and-over division will compete in flag racing or team roping, barrel racing and pole bending.

Each rodeo will begin with the 5-and-under lead line competitions and 5-and-under riders. The remaining age groups will ride in age sequence once the 5-and-under entrants have finished their events.

For more information about the Fun Day Rodeo series, phone Randy Talbot at 731-5203.



Video Review
By Roy Starling

Victorian lady finds jungle home

We're all getting pretty excited here at the Preview film department anticipating the release of Disney's animated version of "Tarzan" in the next week or so. I can't wait to see all the commercial tie-ins, and I've already cleared space on my shelf for some nifty Tarzan action figures.

To help everyone get in the mood and to join in the hype, I decided to review a very early Tarzan flick, "Tarzan the Ape Man" (1932), the first one starring Olympic swimmer Johnny Weissmuller. Watching the film turned out to be a mildly satisfying trip down memory river.

I had almost forgotten about those goofy shots in which Jane and her dad, for instance, are in the foreground and some stock footage of things African is projected onto the background. So here's Jane and company looking at a tribe of warriors and actually appearing to talk to them, when in fact the warriors are on a completely different reel of film.

I had also forgotten how expendable the African "boys," as they're called, are who accompany this expedition through the jungle. Civilized film-goers can relax in the knowledge that only "savages" will be killed.

One falls to his death off the side of a cliff, after which one of the great white hunters laments, in a fit of grief, "Poor devil." When the "boys" get tired, one of their member - a kind of designated foreman - literally whips them back into shape. And if they're afraid to cross a hippopotamus-infested river? Well, they get the fear whipped right out of them.

A couple of them, in fact, provide lunch for a hippopotamus and a crocodile, and it's a most horrible sight. We know that because we're shown Jane covering her face when it happens.

I had also forgotten that whenever Tarzan has a wildlife encounter, it always happens in fast motion. Did moviegoers of the '30s actually say, "Gosh, Tarzan sure is wrestling that lion quickly"?

Sure, there was a lot of hokiness involved, but that alone wouldn't have attracted such large audiences. I also wonder if the films would have been so popular if they had consisted only of Tarzan thrashing around on the floor of the jungle with some stuffed beast every few minutes.

No, I think Jane is the key. The Tarzan stories are set in a time (about the turn of the century) when Victorian prudery still lingered heavily in the air. The image we have of the Victorian woman is that she kept her limbs covered and didn't talk or think much about you know what. She was a pure, untarnished vessel, clothed in angelic white.

(For another film, set at about the same time, that also deals with Victorian repression, check out "Picnic at Hanging Rock," showing at the Parish Hall, 6:30 p.m., June 18. Pardon this interruption.)

So into the Dark Continent, the very heart of darkness, comes this highly civilized, refined young maiden, Jane Parker. She's all giggles and buttons and bows and lace. She couldn't be more out of place.

But you know what? She likes it out there.

She's drawn to that dark, untamed, unchartered territory - the one in Africa and the one inside her. As portrayed by Maureen O'Sullivan, who grew up to be Mia Farrow's mother and, in a way, Woody Allen's grandmother-in-law, Jane is coquettish, flirtatious, bubbly, curious, adventurous and downright frisky. Her voice sounds like it could be coming from a young Katherine Hepburn.

Jane's first real contact with Tarzan comes when he's wounded by Henry Holt, a member of the Parker party and a man who has already made his pitch for Jane's affections. She nurses Tarzan back to health by continually tearing strips off her dress to dress his wounds until, finally, she's pretty much down to a Tarzan-like loin cloth.

There's a great scene where she and the big guy are floating down a river and she's carrying on about this and that, running her fingers through his hair, jabbering like a magpie, and he's not understanding a word she's saying. I think a lot of guys could relate to Tarzan in this scene; most of us have been on dates just like that.

Interestingly, it's not just this noble savage hunk that Jane is attracted to. She says earlier in the film, "I feel completely at home in Africa." There's a nighttime scene when a band of hostile natives have surrounded the Parker camp, and we see Jane looking out at them. There's as much fascination as fear in her eyes.

This must have been pretty heady stuff back in 1932.

Jane's "conversion" reminded me of an intriguing story written by the gifted writer and Vietnam War veteran Tim O'Brien. It's called "The Sweetheart of Song Tra Bong," and it's in his collection called "The Things They Carried." In it, a young soldier finds a way to smuggle Mary Anne, his 17-year-old cheerleader girlfriend from Cleveland Heights, into Nam.

When she gets there, the "wilderness draws her in." She dumps her boyfriend and starts hanging out with the Green Berets. The jungle claims her, and she claims the jungle. "Sometimes I want to eat this place," she says. When the boys return to "the World," Mary Anne stays in the misty mountains.

That's Jane all over. When the rest of the Parker party returns to civilization, there she stands on a rock next to Tarzan, holding Cheetah in her arms, waving good-bye, at home in the jungle. (I'm troubled: Are they married? Is this okay?)

Anyway, I hope I've given you a little something extra to look for and think about while you sit through that miserable animated remake this summer.

By John M. Motter

Post offices of Pagosa's past

By John M. Motter

You really knew your town had arrived during the early days, if the U.S. of A. government authorized your very own post office. Achieving a post office was a real status symbol. The same was true during the settlement of Pagosa Country. Down through the years there have been a number of post offices in the county. A few survive to this day. Most are long gone and all but forgotten.

The two oldest post offices in Archuleta County both started in 1878, before the county was created. At that time, Archuleta County was still part of Conejos County, one of the original counties formed when Colorado became a state in 1876.

Interestingly enough, two of the oldest post offices are among the five post offices or branches still operating today. Operating in the county during 1999 are the Pagosa Springs, Chromo, and Arboles post offices and branch post offices at Chimney Rock (Piedra) and Sunetha (Fairfield Pagosa).

The Pagosa Springs post office started June 7, 1878, with about 100 people living in the vicinity. At that time, the Pagosa Springs post office was located about one mile south of the Great Pagosa Hot Spring. The postmaster was Joseph Clarke. It should be noted that even before the Pagosa Springs post office was authorized, a regular, once a week mail route connected Ojo Caliente, N. M., with Animas City. Animas City was the settlement located in the north part of today's Durango. At that time there was no Durango. Neither was there a Pagosa Springs. Nevertheless, a freight and mail route crossed the San Juan River about a mile south of Pagosa Springs connecting Ojo Caliente and Animas City.

The second Pagosa Country post office started just three months later, Sept. 17, 1878, and was called Navajoe (sic). Some early writings refer to a community called Navajoe, but we're not certain of its exact location. According to the postal report, Navajoe was located 18 miles south of Pagosa Springs and one-quarter mile north of the Navajoe River in a community with a population of 75 people. Our guess is, Navajoe was near today's Edith. It was said to be served by Barlow and Sanderson, a stage company. We don't know the level of that service. The Navajoe post office was discontinued Nov. 6, 1879.

By way of comparison, the earliest Conejos County post offices were in the San Luis Valley and included San Rafael 1870, Conejos 1862, La Jara 1875, Manassa 1879, Cockrell 1879, and Antonito 1880. A post office called Loma opened April 1, 1867, and lasted until Jan. 27, 1873, when the community name was changed from Loma to Del Norte. In Conejos County at that time, Del Norte is now in Rio Grande County.

In what is now Archuleta County there have been at least 15 post offices.

A post office called Price was established Sept. 27, 1880, by Barzillai Price "on the south side of the Navajo River near its intersection with Spring Creek." Price claimed 41 people lived in the community and 122 people in the area. The Price post office was discontinued Aug. 31, 1882. Today, this area is served by the Chromo post office, the name apparently changing in 1885.

The Piedra post office continues to this day. It started in 1879 in the roadhouse owned by John Peterson on the west bank of the Piedra River about one mile south of the present bridge on U.S. 160 some 20 miles west of Pagosa Springs.

A post office called Gladwyn was authorized in 1885 to serve citizens living in an area today generally identified as Section 22, Township 34, Range 1 West, somewhere in the vicinity of where U.S. 84 joins the Blanco River today. The community was said to contain 25 people. The Gladwyn post office was discontinued April 30, 1890.

The Arboles post office started Dec. 13, 1882, and is still operating. It served a local population of 50 people with 100 people reported living in the general area. When the Arboles post office first began operations, that part of Archuleta County was still within the Southern Ute Indian Reservation. Of course the old town of Arboles is no more, being covered by the waters of Navajo Lake. In those days, Arboles was located near the juncture of the San Juan and Piedra rivers.

On Oct. 28, 1895, the Edith post office was authorized. Edith is named for the daughter of S.M. Biggs, who extended a narrow gauge rail line to Edith and built a modern sawmill there in 1895. The Edith post office could have taken over the functions of the Navajoe post office. When it was first authorized, the Edith post office served a community said to contain from 150 to 200 people, almost as many people as Pagosa Springs reported at the time. The Edith post office responsibilities shifted to Lumberton, N.M., in 1917. From May 5, 1904, until Feb. 4, 1909, Edith was located in Rio Arriba County, N. M. The boundary line between New Mexico and Colorado shifted several times during earlier years, because the two states could not agree as to which of three boundary surveys was correct.

A post office at Carracas started in 1909 served about 60 people. Carracas is located along the San Juan River between Pagosa Junction and Navajo Lake and could be the oldest settled community in the county. Carracas is the point where the Dominguez/Escalante party entered what is now Colorado in 1776. An early wagon road, called the central route, passed through Carracas connecting the Animas River settlements with New Mexico. At one time, Carracas boasted a school, church, and one or more business buildings. All that remains today is the cemetery and a bridge across the river. The Carracas post office responsibilities were shifted to Pagosa Junction in 1911.

In the community of Dyke just west of Pagosa Springs, a post office serving 100 people began operation in 1901. The abandoned, false-front building housing the Dyke post office and a general store still stands. The Dyke name is taken from a pair of brothers who settled in that area. They were born in England. William Dyke was Archuleta County's first sheriff. Dyke postal responsibilities shifted to Chimney Rock in 1950. A Chimney Rock post office existed from November of 1950 through April of 1967 near the present Chimney Rock Restaurant.

In 1904, a post office opened its doors to serve about 100 people living in Juanita. Juanita is located on Trujillo Road near the juncture of the Navajo and San Juan rivers. Juanita once had a school, church, bar, and general store, as well as a large sawmill. Not much remains of Juanita today. The Juanita post office closed in June of 1912.

A post office first appeared at Pagosa Junction in 1899. The population served by the Pagosa Junction post office was said to be 200 people. Pagosa Junction was a sizable community with a school, church, boarding house, general store, and other amenities. This post office closed in 1954. Not much remains of Pagosa Junction, except memories.

In Trujillo, a community along Trujillo Road south of Pagosa Springs, a post office serving 400 people opened in 1900. At that time, Trujillo contained a school, church, and general store. The Trujillo post office closed Sept. 30, 1905.

A community called Kearns once existed along Cat Creek Road in the open area about midway between Pagosa Junction and U.S. 160. The Pagosa and Northern narrow gauge railroad ran from Pagosa Junction through Cat Creek north to Dyke, then east into Pagosa Springs. Along the way, it passed through Kearns, where a post office was authorized in 1913. Kearns had a large lumber mill, a general store, and a school. Not a trace of the Kearns community remains. The Kearns post office closed its doors Oct. 31, 1925.

Other post offices are said to have existed at Squaretop and at Debs. The Squaretop post office started June 11,1917, and would have been in the upper Blanco Basin. Its doors closed Aug. 15, 1918. In earlier years, two schools served that locale.

Debs is a community on the upper Piedra River generally located along McManus Road east of Piedra Road and south of the East Fork of the Piedra. A school that formerly served the area still stands and is used for community meetings.

Another post office in Pagosa Country was located at the old mining community of Elwood, located up the east fork of the San Juan River near the foot of Elwood Pass. Elwood also had a newspaper for a short time, but, like a meteorite, Elwood flashed across the sky and was gone.

Carrying the mail in those early days was a dangerous business, even if you were an Army courier, as the following report from Fort Lewis records indicates. Mail carriers traveled horseback or by wagon across lonely roads that sometimes amounted to little more than trails. The Army had such little faith in the public mails at the time, at least in this part of the country, that they dispatched couriers of their own as a guarantee that military messages would get through. This report was written by the commanding officer of Fort Lewis when that frontier post occupied what is now the main business block in Pagosa Springs.

"Headquarters Fort Lewis, January 2, 1880, to the Commanding Officer, New Mexico Column AC, Sir;

Courier Morris 19th Infantry from Piedra Station (Peterson's roadhouse) reports with dispatches this morning and states that the Mexican mail carrier who occupied the same room with the couriers got up in the night and attempted to kill the party, attacking and striking courier Cunningham K Co. 9th Cav. with an axe inflicting a severe wound supposed to have broken his lower jaw and left arm - he had first struck courier Anderson 19th Inf. slightly bruising his head - he also shot courier Davie K Co. 9th Cav. inflicting a severe wound in the groin - it seems that in the fight Morris in some way got possession of the Mexican's pistol and drove him off.

The Justice of the Peace in Pagosa Springs (Tully Kemp) has yet to arrest the Mexican and I have sent the post surgeon (Dr. J.S. Martin, probably the first doctor in Pagosa Springs) with a party to the station. He will report to you the condition of the men.

Couriers Rodowsky and Rose 19th Inf. are ordered to take the stations of the wounded men, their services not being needed east at present. Geo. Sharkley, Capt. 15th Inf., commanding."




Dear Editor,

While sitting at the (Pagosa Springs High School) graduation ceremony Saturday, May 29, I was deeply touched by Mr. Curtis Maberry's speech. I was impressed by his strong beliefs in God. Sometimes we get so busy that we forget that it is because of God that we are capable of our accomplishments and our goals. God makes all things possible.

I think it is wonderful that Mr. Maberry is neither afraid or ashamed to talk about God. He showed emotion towards his students. I was watching his students when Mr. Maberry told them that he loved them. He touched their hearts and he touched mine.

We have all kinds of kids out in the crazy, mixed-up world. They all need love and God in their life. Also more teachers like Mr. Maberry. Thank you Mr. Maberry for a job very well done.

Carmen Valdez

Tip for the day

Dear Editor,

I am writing this on the behalf of all the waiters, waitresses and bartenders in Pagosa Springs. It has come to my attention that many of you out there do not know how to tip your servers when you go out to eat or drink. Maybe it's because you never worked in the service industry or you don't know how it works. These people only make a few dollars an hour and rely on tips, from you, for their income. So if you don't tip, or don't tip well, these people don't make any money and go home with less money than they deserve.

A standard tip is 15 percent, not 10 percent. This means if your bill is $40 your tip should be $6. And if its too hard for you to figure out how much 15 percent is then leave 20 percent ($8). If you only leave change for a tip, that is an insult to your server. And if you think $6-$8 is too much then don't go out to eat. Granted, your server may not deserve 15 percent if you receive bad service, but if there was nothing wrong with your service, the standard tip is 15 percent.

The servers in this town work hard for their money, so tip them. And tip them properly. Don't insult them with change.

Nathan Weisz

Play by the rules

Dear Editor,

I agree to be outraged with Rene Curiel (Letter to the editor June 3). There are a lot of things that are taking place in our judiciary all across this nation that have nothing to do with truth or justice. It's all about presumption, assumption and procedure.

We the people, have to realize that, what goes on inside the courtroom is a game, with its own special set of rules, procedures and language. Just like tennis, you don't want to be playing in a football uniform, in court, we have to learn their rules and play by their rules.

It is a very important game that will eventually affect each and everyone of us, at some time in our lives, but we don't know the rules or the language, because we were educated in schools sponsored by the same government, that wants to control us with this judiciary system. Now, we are educating our children, in the same public fool system.

I am not privy to all of the details of this case, but, I can tell that, the jury was obviously not fully informed of their rights and responsibilities. They have the obligation and duty to judge not only the evidence but also the law itself. They have the power to nullify bad laws. Especially, stupid drug laws that resemble prohibition laws of the 1920s without the constitutional amendments to back them up.

The judge and the lawyer swears his oath, first to the Bar Association, a private union, of all the lawyers, in that state. Second, their oath is to the court you are seated in, and third, last but not least, their oath is to you the client.

What is wrong with this picture?

In Latin, the word "attorn", means to turn or twist. What is it that a lawyer/attorney must try to turn or twist? The judge and the lawyer/attorney are all on the same side of that railing that is inside of every courtroom in this country. Is that really the bar, it bars non-members from the truth and justice.

Rene, in case you have not noticed, we the people, are guilty until we prove ourselves otherwise. If some government employee (agent, police officer, county employee) accuses you of some alleged crime, you are automatically assumed to be guilty, and the presumption is, that unless you can prove otherwise, using the proper procedure, you are guilty.

It's not a modern day lynch-mob, it's more like "trial by ambush".

There are grass-roots organizations all across this nation, who are aware of what's being done to, We the People, who are becoming educated and involved. It can be a formidable thing, to breakout of your zone of comfort and expose yourself to the real truth, not the truth that is reported in most of the mainstream media.

With love and respect to all,

Gregory Eugene


Dear Editor,

On April 20, two idiots gleefully massacred their classmates in Littleton, Colorado. Eight days later, officials in Manhattan, Kan. removed a five-foot high granite tablet engraved with the Ten Commandments that had stood outside Manhattan's City Hall for more than 40 years.

The American Civil Liberties Union and Americans United for Separation of Church and State had sued the city, charging that the display of the tablet on city property violated the separation of church and state. Despite a petition signed by more than 4,000 residents, Manhattan decided against a court fight to keep the tablet. It was returned to its original 1950's donor, the Fraternal Order of Eagles.

Yes, that's the big problem with America today, according the left. The threat of state-sponsored religion. Wacko kids are shooting up public schools, but we need to make sure no-one sees the inscription "Thou shalt not kill," on government property.

In reference to D.C. Duncan's letter to The Pagosa Springs SUN of May 20 and Mrs. Jaye Duncan's letter of June 3: Why is it that liberals are always so astonished that conservatives will exercise their First Amendment rights? Could it be that the truth hurts? Or is it because a liberal does not understand the First Amendment? The survival of civilization requires us all to make judgments and even to express them aloud. I have yet to meet a linguini-spined conservative who believes in our Constitution.

The real lesson of Littleton is that evil lost. What was sown in hatred has now reaped calls for spiritual renewal, and a new national soul-searching. Though it absolutely infuriates liberals like Mr. D.C. Duncan, America's response has been prayer.


Jim Sawicki


Dear Editor,

If somebody is going to use my name without addressing any issue they're not only implying that I am the issue they practically force a response albeit one they don't like because they're in denial.

Yes, Jaye Duncan denied her own husband's letter in trying to go after me, but all she really did was use my name and then call me some names. When someone writes something I thereafter know them and if they choose not be known by their writing, then maybe they should not write anything. Does anybody really expect that when they've written something in a public place that really there was nothing said and all is to be denied with no responsibility for anything that was written? This is idiotic, but this is liberalism in American today. No responsibility for anything at all. We must need more laws, the communist Democrats think, then we can be even less responsible.

Both Duncans as well as the whole Democratic/Communist agenda deny facts, figures, events, God, our Constitution, and their very own propaganda. Only the spiritually blind, deaf, and dumb continue to deny reality while thinking that big government and the physical environment are the only gods worthy of being served. This is communism and it is meant to control, extort, coerce, degrade, and devalue the general public so it can be used more easily.

Now let's forge ahead. Further concerning gun control, guns should never have been registered to begin with. They should have caliber numbers only. Who does this say was overly in control to start with? If the government is allowed to have certain unregistered weapons, then each and every member of the public should be allowed to have the same and no military would be necessary either then. Who is it that says there are legal and illegal weapons? It's certainly not the people of America is it? According to the Constitution there is no such thing as legal and illegal weapons. Since government has unregistered weapons these are the real illegal weapons and they certainly misuse them. Is the government fit to have guns? Are liberals qualified to have guns?

And, another thing that very few have bothered to consider is that the whole idea of background checks is a farce because those who would be caught this way should not be out of prison anyway. This feature of gun control discriminates against those who are law abiding as does all the rest of the politician-backed legislation.

We need people-backed legislation instead of politician-promoted agenda legislation.

This is pure and simple; therefore, makes no sense to American Communists which the Democratic Party has absorbed.


John Feazel


Carmin Carnley

Carmin Carnley, daughter of Tom and Jan Carnley of Pagosa Springs, recently completed her freshman year at Fort Lewis College with Dean's List honors.

A 1998 graduate of Pagosa Springs High School, Carmin is a member of the Fort Lewis College Educational Talent Search staff. The staff works with the area's high school students to assist them in preparation for college.

Recently Carmin and other Talent Search staff traveled to Washington, D.C., with 20 local students from Pagosa Springs, Bayfield, Ignacio, Durango and Cortez in this educational endeavor.

They toured colleges and universities in the area including Georgetown University. They visited many of the historical highlights of Washington, D.C., and were present at the nations's capitol for the Memorial Day celebration.


Two young ladies from Pagosa Springs will be included in the competion for the 1999 Queen Crown of the Four Corners Appaloosa Horse Club on June 13 at the Sky Ute Event Center in Ignacio.

Jacqueline Espoy and Melonie Thull, both of Pagosa Springs, and Jessica Jenkinson of Ignacio are this year's contestants. All three young lades have submitted an essay as to why they would like to be Queen and on the 13th during lunch break, they will compete in a riding competition. This will be the first "All-Breed Open Horse Show" of the year for the Four Corners Appaloosa Horse Club. Contestants will be competing for this show's high point awards which are beautiful show headstalls.

For more information about the horse show, contact one of the show managers, Jack Adams 264-2960 or Jay Dunham 264-9090, both of Pagosa Springs.




Richard Love and Debbie Baird of Pagosa Springs are pleased to announce the engagement of her son, Aaron Baird, to Kelly Hoyer of Gunnison. Aaron is a 1996 graduate of Pagosa Springs High School. He and Kelly met at Mesa State College in Grand Junction where Aaron studied computer science on a "Scholar's Day Scholarship." This scholarship was awarded based on grades in high school and performance in a competition. Only eight other people at Mesa State were given the same award. After graduation, Aaron was offered a position as systems administrator for a company in Grand Junction. He will also work part-time as a consultant for a software company. Kelly is currently enrolled in the nursing program at Mesa State. She plans to graduate in May 2001. The wedding is set for July 3, 1999, at the Community Church in Pitkin. The couple plans to make their home in Grand Junction where they recently purchased a town home.



Richard Love and Debbie Baird of Pagosa Springs are pleased to announce the engagement of her son, Aaron Baird, to Kelly Hoyer of Gunnison. Aaron is a 1996 graduate of Pagosa Springs High School. He and Kelly met at Mesa State College in Grand Junction where Aaron studied computer science on a "Scholar's Day Scholarship." This scholarship was awarded based on grades in high school and performance in a competition. Only eight other people at Mesa State were given the same award. After graduation, Aaron was offered a position as systems administrator for a company in Grand Junction. He will also work part-time as a consultant for a software company. Kelly is currently enrolled in the nursing program at Mesa State. She plans to graduate in May 2001. The wedding is set for July 3, 1999, at the Community Church in Pitkin. The couple plans to make their home in Grand Junction where they recently purchased a town home.


50th Wedding Anniversary

Milton and Jane Bruder are celebrating their 50th Wedding Anniversary June 11, 1999. Having moved to Pagosa from Midland, Mich., in August 1998, the Bruders say they love Pagosa Springs very much and appreciate the beauty of the land, mountains and the people. It was always their dream to settle here since their sons Dave, Steve and Tom came here to live many years ago. Most of their six children, eight grandchildren and one great-grandson will be in Pagosa for a dinner at the Bavarian Inn June 13.



Joseph Hitti

Memorial services for Joseph Graham "Joe" Hitti, a life-long resident of the area who died June 2, 1999, in Douglas, Wyo., were held Wednesday.

Mr. Hitti was born Jan. 23, 1972, in Durango and worked as a pipeline welder for various gas companies. The cause of death was unavailable.

Mr. Hitti, 27, is survived by his wife, Mitzi Hitti, of Aztec, N.M.; a daughter, Brittany Hitti of Prescott, Ariz.; parents, Sue Hitti of Durango and Ron Hitti of Pagosa Springs; brothers, Mike Hitti of Chimney Rock, Ron Hitti Jr. of Durango; grandmother, Alice Meiklejohn of Durango; and three stepdaughters, Tosha, Jade and Corina Marquez, all of Aztec., N.M.

Rev. Dan Straw officiated the services in Durango.


Lucinda Garcia

See front page.

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Saturday snow surprises campers

By John M. Motter

Campers surprised by last Saturday's June snowfall in the mountains around Pagosa Springs can relax. Sunny skies and warmer than normal temperatures are forecast through the coming weekend for Pagosa Country.

"Expect sunny skies Thursday, but it will be breezy," said Gary Chancey, National Weather Service forecaster from Grand Junction. "Friday and the coming weekend will be dry and warmer than normal."

Temperatures over the weekend should range from the mid-80s down to the mid-40s, Chancey said. The low-pressure area in the Northern Rockies causing today's breeziness should move out leaving the Southwest covered by a high-pressure zone through the middle of next week, Chancey added.

"There is a 10 percent chance of isolated thunderstorms with a chance for rain showers during the afternoons this coming weekend," Chancey said.

Saturday's surprise snowfall above the 10,000-foot elevation level came during a week when daytime temperatures topped 70 degrees five times and nighttime lows remained above freezing four times. Temperatures Saturday were an anomaly with the highest reading only 48 degrees. Friday night the mercury dipped to a chilly 27 degrees and only reached 30 degrees the following two nights.

In town, 0.02 inches of precipitation were recorded Saturday, the only moisture measured so far during June.

Meanwhile, late snowfall in the mountains has relieved what earlier appeared to be a dismal outlook for water availability in the San Juan Basin this summer.

On Wolf Creek summit June 1, the snow depth was 104 percent of average and 131 percent of last year's measurement on the same date.

"The runoff forecast April through July for the San Juan River, as measured at Carracas, is 90 percent of normal," said Mike Gillespie of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service in Denver. The water volume for that gauging station for that time span is predicted at 345,000 acre feet, Gillespie said.

Runoff predictions for another gauging station, this one located on the Piedra River just above Navajo Dam, call for 185,000 acre-feet of water from April through July, about 85 percent of normal.

Snowpack measured June 1 at three San Juan River sites show a water equivalency of 76 percent of average, 148 percent of last year.

Taking the San Juan drainage as a whole and including the San Juan, Animas and Dolores rivers, the snowpack is 85 percent of average and 196 percent of last year's snowpack. Reservoir storage in the San Juan Basin is 108 percent of average, 98 percent of last year.

Across Colorado, the snowpack is 105 percent of average and 211 percent of last year's snowpack. Reservoir storage is 136 percent of average and 105 percent of last year's storage.